A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A person's view of himself.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Educational institutions.
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Glucose in blood.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Female parents, human or animal.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
The first meal of the day.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
The interactions between parent and child.
The selection of one food over another.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Voluntary use of free time for activities outside the daily routine.
Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The status of health in urban populations.
The consumption of edible substances.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.

Body mass status of school children and adolescents in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (1/3453)

Lifestyle and disease patterns in Malaysia have changed following rapid economic development. It is important to find out how these changes have affected the nutritional status and health behaviour of the population, especially school children and adolescents. Therefore a survey on school children's and adolescents' health behaviours and perception in Kuala Lumpur was initiated. This paper only reports the observed body mass status of the school children. A total of 3620 school children were selected in this survey using the method of multi-stage sampling. The students were surveyed using pre-tested questionnaires while weight and height were measured by the research team in the field. Using the cut-off of BMI-for-age >or= 95th percentile and <5th percentile for overweight and underweight respectively, there were a total of 7.3% of overweight students and 14.8% of underweight students. When analysed by gender; 7.5% of boys and 7.1% girls were overweight, while 16.2% of the boys and 13.3% of the girls were underweight. The youngest age group (11 years old) had the highest prevalence of underweight as well as overweight. With increasing age, the prevalence of underweight and overweight decreased and more children were in the normal weight range. The overall prevalence of overweight among the three ethnic groups was similar. However the prevalence of underweight was highest among the Indian students (24.9%), followed by Malays (18.9%) and Chinese (9.5%) (P <0.001). The results showed that both the problems of under- and over-nutrition co-exist in the capital city of Malaysia. The promotion of healthy eating and physical activities is required to address the problems of under- and over-nutrition in order to build up a strong and healthy nation in the future.  (+info)

Noninvasive evaluation of endothelial function and arterial mechanics in overweight adolescents. (2/3453)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endothelial function and arterial mechanics in apparently healthy overweight adolescents. DESIGN: Analytical observational study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. METHODS: 40 asymptomatic, normotensive and non-smoking adolescents (11 to 18 years old) were evaluated. Of these 20 were overweight or obese as per International Obesity Task Force criteria while 20 were controls. High resolution ultrasonography was performed to measure flow mediated and Glyceryltrinitrate induced dilation in brachial artery, and arterial mechanics in common carotid artery. RESULTS: Overweight adolescents had significantly lower ratio of flow mediated dilation to Glyceryltrinitrate mediated dilation (0.40 plusminus 0.41 versus 0.61 plusminus 0.17; P = 0.039). On age and sex adjusted multiple regression analysis, the ratio of flow mediated to Glyceryltrinitrate mediated dilation had a significant negative association with body mass index (P = 0.012) and mean skin fold thickness (P = 0.011). However, for mean skin fold thickness, flow mediated dilation also had a significant negative association (P = 0.027). None of the measures of arterial mechanics were significantly different amongst overweights and controls, or significantly associated with either body mass index or mean skin fold thickness. CONCLUSION: Endothelial function can be mildly impaired in apparently healthy adolescents who are overweight (assessed by body mass index) or adipose (assessed by skin fold thickness). The use of overweight for screening adolescents likely to develop coronary artery disease is therefore justified. Skin fold thickness is a better indicator than Body Mass Index for predicting endothelial function.  (+info)

Prevalence of overweight, obesity, and comorbid conditions among U.S. and Kentucky adults, 2000-2002. (3/3453)

INTRODUCTION: Obesity rates for adults in Kentucky are regularly among the highest in the nation. Since 1991, adult obesity in Kentucky and the United States has nearly doubled. This trend is of great concern because excess weight has been associated with several chronic diseases and conditions. This paper reports on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults in Kentucky between 2000 and 2002. The estimates produced by this study will provide baseline figures for developing Kentucky's statewide obesity action plan. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was performed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Prevalence estimates and odds ratios were calculated for the United States and Kentucky. RESULTS: In Kentucky, 24.2% of adults were obese, compared with 21.9% nationally (P < .001). There were also significantly more overweight adults in Kentucky than there were nationwide (P < .001). Logistic regression showed that overweight and obese adults were more likely to report various comorbid conditions. CONCLUSION: Overweight and obesity estimates in Kentucky were significantly higher than nationwide figures. However, overweight/obese adults in Kentucky were no more likely than their U.S. counterparts to report selected comorbid conditions.  (+info)

Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. (4/3453)

BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become a global epidemic and are increasing rapidly in both childhood and adolescence. Obesity is linked both to socioeconomic status and to ethnicity among adults. It is unclear whether similar associations exist in childhood. The aim of the present study was to assess differences in overweight and obesity in migrant and German children at school entry. METHODS: The body mass index (BMI) was calculated for 525 children attending the 2002 compulsory pre-school medical examinations in 12 schools in Bielefeld, Germany. We applied international BMI cut off points for overweight and obesity by sex and age. The migration status of children was based on sociodemographic data obtained from parents who were interviewed separately. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of overweight in children aged 6-7 was 11.9% (overweight incl. obesity), the obesity prevalence was 2.5%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher for migrant children (14.7% and 3.1%) than for German children (9.1% and 1.9%). When stratified by parental social status, migrant children had a significantly higher prevalence of overweight than German children in the highest social class. (27.6% vs. 10.0%, p = 0.032) Regression models including country/region and socioeconomic status as independent variables indicated similar results. The patterns of overweight among migrant children differed only slightly depending on duration of stay of their family in Germany. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that children from ethnic minorities in Germany are more frequently overweight or obese than German children. Social class as well as family duration of stay after immigration influence the pattern of overweight and obesity in children at school entry.  (+info)

Aging with quality of life--a challenge for society. (5/3453)

This article focus on biological, nutritional, psychological, medical and social variables which have proven useful indicators for assessing wellbeing of individuals. Such objective data (measured by the two investigators) and subjective information (self-reported by the participants) were collected between 2002-2003 from samples of healthy, free living females and males aged between 59 and 92 years from Vienna and surroundings. In both these groups some habitual practices (habit variables) were observed of elderly and old which have a negative influence on health i.e low daily liquid uptake and smoking. There is also a fair amount of overweight and obesity (BMI>or=30) and also of hypertension, particularly in males, There is also malnourishment, predominantly in females, as reflected by the Body Cell Mass Index. Several participants either were not aware of being hypertensive or admitted that they deliberately ignored medical advice. With respect to social variables there are greater percentages of married males and widowed females. Possibly partially resulting from this loss of the partner a greater number of females report feelings of loneliness than do males. Positive results relate to the overall high percentages of family contacts, positive feelings towards life and physical activity as reported by the large majority of the participants. These findings stress the need for further information of living habits of the elderly and old as a possible guide of helping improve their quality of life.  (+info)

Childhood overweight and maturational timing in the development of adult overweight and fatness: the Newton Girls Study and its follow-up. (6/3453)

OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have suggested that early menarche is associated with the development of adult overweight, few have accounted for childhood overweight before menarche. STUDY DESIGN: A 30-year follow-up of the original participants in the Newton Girls Study, a prospective study of development in a cohort of girls followed through menarche, provided data on premenarcheal relative weight and overweight (BMI >85th percentile), prospectively obtained age at menarche, self-reported adult BMI, overweight (BMI > 25), obesity (BMI > 30) and, for a subset of participants, percentage body fat by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Of the 448 women who participated in the adult follow-up at a mean age of 42.1 years (SD: 0.76 years), 307 had childhood data with which to characterize premenarcheal and menarcheal weight status and age at menarche. After a follow-up of 30.1 years (SD: 1.4 years), reported BMI was 23.4 (4.8), 28% were overweight, and 9% were obese. In multivariate linear and logistic-regression analyses, almost all of the influence on adult weight status was a result of premenarcheal weight status (model R2 = 0.199). Inclusion of a variable to reflect menarcheal timing provided very little additional information (model R2 = 0.208). Girls who were overweight before menarche were 7.7 times more likely to be overweight as adults (95% confidence interval: 2.3, 25.8), whereas early menarche (at < or = 12 years of age) did not elevate risk (odds ratio: 1.3, 95% confidence interval: 0.66, 2.43). A similar pattern of results was observed when percentage body fat in adulthood was evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: The apparent influence of early maturation on adult female overweight is largely a result of the influence of elevated relative weight on early maturation. Interventions to prevent and treat overweight should focus on girls before they begin puberty.  (+info)

Intervertebral disc height in treated and untreated overweight post-menopausal women. (7/3453)

BACKGROUND: The effect of the menopause and HRT on the intervertebral discs has not been investigated. METHODS: One hundred women were recruited, comprising of 44 post-menopausal women on HRT, 33 untreated post-menopausal women and 23 pre-menopausal women. The height of the intervertebral discs between the 12th thoracic vertebra and the 3rd lumbar vertebra was measured by utilizing the bone densitometer height cursors. RESULTS: The untreated menopausal group of women had the lowest total disc height (D1-D3: 1.95 0.31 cm). This was significantly lower than the pre-menopausal group D1-D3: 2.16 0.24 cm) and the hormone-treated group (2.2 0.26 cm) (P > 0.02). The 2nd intervertebral disc consistently maintained a significant difference between the untreated menopausal group (D2: 0.63 0.13) and the other two groups (pre-menopausal group (D2: 0.72 0.09 cm) and treated menopausal group (D2: 0.73 0.12 cm) (P > 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Estrogen-replete women appear to maintain higher intervertebral discs compared to untreated post-menopausal women. The estrogenic milieu may be relevant because of the significant impact it has on the hydrophilic glycosaminoglycans, the water content, collagen and elastin of the intervertebral discs. The maintenance of adequate disc height may allow the intervertebral discs to retain their discoid shape and viscoelastic function, containing vertical forces which may threaten spinal architecture leading to vertebral body compression fractures.  (+info)

Basal endothelial nitric oxide release is preserved in overweight and obese adults. (8/3453)

OBJECTIVE: Impaired basal nitric oxide release is associated with a number of cardiovascular disorders including hypertension, arterial spasm, and myocardial infarction. We determined whether basal endothelial nitric oxide release is reduced in otherwise healthy overweight and obese adult humans. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seventy sedentary adults were studied: 32 normal weight (BMI <25 kg/m(2)), 24 overweight (BMI > or = 25 < 30 kg/m(2)), and 14 obese (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)). Forearm blood flow (FBF) responses to intra-arterial infusions of N(g)-monomethyl-L-arginine (5 mg/min), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, were used as an index of basal nitric oxide release. RESULTS: N(g)-monomethyl-L-arginine elicited significant reductions in FBF in the normal weight (from 4.1 +/- 0.2 to 2.7 +/- 0.2 mL/100 mL tissue/min), overweight (4.1 +/- 0.1 to 2.8 +/- 0.2 mL/100 mL tissue/min), and obese (3.9 +/- 0.3 to 2.7 +/- 0.2 mL/100 mL tissue/min) subjects. Importantly, the magnitude of reduction in FBF (approximately 30%) was similar among the groups. DISCUSSION: These results indicate that the capacity of the endothelium to release nitric oxide under basal conditions is not compromised in overweight and obese adults.  (+info)

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Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and 25.35±3.66 kg/m2; resting energy expenditure (REE) = 1550.24±547.23 ...
Being overweight affects many aspects of your life. In addition to issues of social interactions and self-esteem, body weight can greatly affect a persons health. Being overweight puts you at a greater risk for a number of health problems, including an increased risk of heart disease. Being overweight can have an impact on fertility. Being overweight can also affect your pregnancy. One of the biggest risks for an overweight woman who is pregnant is the increased risks of complications. Conditions such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are much more common in women who are at least 20% over their healthy body weight. Being overweight puts you at increased risk of having a baby that is larger than normal. Being overweight also puts you at a higher risk of needing to have a cesarean section birth, as opposed to a vaginal birth. Being overweight also affects the amount of weight you will have to lose after pregnancy, as well as the difficulty that is involved in losing weight after ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1]. Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1] Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Results Overweight showed consistent positive associations with leptin, CRP, IL-6, E-selectin and t-PA and inverse associations with adiponectin; vWF was not consistently related across age. In age and sex-adjusted models fitted separately for each age, being overweight at 11 years and onwards was associated with adverse levels of adipokines and inflammatory markers and being overweight from 15 and onwards for endothelial markers. For CRP and adiponectin, an earlier association with overweight at 2 years was also apparent. Adjustment for overweight at age 60-64 years reduced all overweight associations at earlier ages, entirely explaining those for E-selectin and t-PA, but only partly explaining those for leptin, adiponectin, CRP and IL-6. An accumulation model best described the associations between overweight across the life course with adiponectin (mean percentage difference [95% CI] for each additional time overweight at age 15, 36 and 60-64: -12.8% [-16.3%, -9.1%], leptin: 60.2% [53.6%, ...
Overweight/obesity has gained more and more attention from healthcare professionals in developing and developed countries (Kopelman, 2007; Lin, Strong, Tsai, Lin, & Fung, 2018). The problem also exists in children: the combined global prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity rose by 47.1% from 1980 to 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, & Pakpour, 2018). In brief, the prevalence of overweight/obesity was over 20% in developed countries; over 15% in developing countries in 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, et al., 2018). Taiwan bears the burden of rising prevalence in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents: Over 20% of Taiwanese children and adolescents suffer from overweight or obesity (Kuo et al., 2014; Lin, Su, Wang, & Ma, 2013). Childhood overweight/obesity is linked to cardiovascular problems, type 2 diabetes and adulthood obesity (Brisbois, Farmer, & McCargar, 2012). In addition to the physical consequences of overweight/obesity for children, psychological issues (e.g., high levels of depression and ...
Results In 2005 a total of 3,622 patients with JIA were included in the analysis, median age was 11 years, 14.4% were overweight. Associated variables with overweight were subgroup, age, participation in school sports, medication with glucocorticoids and level of functional restriction. As influencing factors for overweight the systemic JIA, functional restrictions, and the non-participation in school sports were identified.. Weight status did not differ from controls, although slight differences in health- and lifestyle-aspects were found. Differences between patients and reference group affected duration and frequency of physical activity.. Trend analysis showed a reduction in overweight prevalence from 2003 until 2010 (-4.9%). Especially among patients with systemic JIA the overweight prevalence decreased (-9.6%). Reduction of overweight rate was accociated by an improved funtional status.. ...
Overweight children as young as 7 years old have high blood pressure and damaged arteries, and area at high risk for developing diabetes, so say Italian and American researchers.. A new study of 100 overweight children, ranging from 6 to 14 years old, found that children who are overweight have many health risks that could seriously impact their adulthood - even increasing their risk of an early death. The most startling revelation was that even the youngest children studied showed signs of artery disease.. According to recent studies, approximately 15% of U.S. children are overweight and an additional 15% are at risk for being overweight.. What to do if your child is overweight. While some parents may shrug off their childrens weight issues as baby fat, the fact is that the number of overweight children in the United States is on the rise, and being overweight affects your childs health. Below are some tips to get your entire family back into a health frame of mind.. • Take action . . . ...
In this nationally representative sample of overweight adolescents, we found that the proportion of overweight adolescents who were misperceivers (reported they are about right or underweight) was substantial, ranging from 29% to 33% from 1999 through 2007. Significantly more male respondents were misperceivers compared with female respondents. In addition, both female and male accurate perceivers had significantly higher odds of reporting some healthy weight-related behaviors compared with misperceivers, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and BMI percentile.. Our finding that nearly 1 in 3 overweight adolescents misperceives their weight coincides with previous findings. In previous studies of adolescents, the proportion of misperceivers ranged from 20% to 40%,5,-,7,13 and recent adult data shows that the rate of weight misperception increased from 32% in the years 1988-1994 to 38% in the years 1999-2004.26 There may be opposing influences on weight perception in children. Some ...
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and being overweight are major health problems with increasing prevalence. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that being overweight is associated with a range of psychiatric conditions including minor and atypical depressive disorders, binge eating, and aggression. METHOD: Prospective community-based cohort study of young adults (n = 591) followed between ages 19 and 40. Information derived from six subsequent semi-structured diagnostic interviews conducted by professionals over twenty years. Outcomes were being overweight [body-mass index (BMI), 25] and average yearly weight change between ages 20 and 40 (BMI slope). RESULTS: 18.9 % of the participants were classified as being overweight. Being overweight turned out to be a stable trait: 77.7% of subjects were assigned to the same weight class at each interview. Atypical depression and binge eating were positively associated with both, increased weight gain and being overweight, while ...
Being overweight or obese increases the chances of developing the common type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes. in this disease, the body makes enough insulin but the cells in the body have become resistant to the salutary action of insulin.. For type 2 diabetes, this includes being overweight or obese (having a body mass index - bmi - of 30 or greater). in fact, obesity is believed to account for 80-85% of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, while recent research suggests that obese people are up to 80 times more likely to develop type 2…. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for many health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, joint problems, and gallstones, among other conditions. 1,6,7. for more information on the causes and health consequences of overweight and obesity, please visit niddks webpages on understanding adult overweight and obesity... More than 87% of adults with diabetes are overweight or obese. 4 it isnt clear why people who are overweight are more ...
STRASBOURG, FRANCE. Obesity is a growing problem among adolescents and is often accompanied by metabolic syndrome (MS). Metabolic syndrome involves a cluster of several metabolic abnormalities including overweight (specifically abdominal adiposity), insulin resistance, high triglycerides and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) levels, and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.. Researchers at the Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg now report that overweight adolescents and overweight adolescents with MS exhibit significant differences in the fatty acid content of plasma phospholipids when compared to their non-overweight peers. Their study involved 60 12-year-olds (30 boys and 30 girls) with normal weight and 60 12-year-olds who were overweight. Twenty-five per cent of the overweight children had been diagnosed with MS as well (none of the normal weight children had MS). Analyses of the phospholipid phase of the blood plasma revealed several important differences ...
Like other nations experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and a nutrition transition, there is concern in Malaysia of a possible escalation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. In 1996, the National Health and Morbidity Survey reported a 16.6% and 4.4% prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. In the following decade, there have been several national and community surveys on overweight and obesity in Malaysia. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the trend from 1996 to 2009 in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Malaysia nationally and by gender, age and race. Results indicate that there has been a small rise in overweight adults in the years 1996, 2003 and 2006 (20.7%, 26.7% and 29.1%) and a much more dramatic increase in obesity in 1996, 2003, 2004 and 2006 (5.5%, 12.2%, 12.3% and 14.0%). Evidence showed a greater risk for overweight and obesity among women compared with men. Based on the highest-quality studies, overweight and ...
In this study we observed a higher prevalence of elevated CRP concentration in overweight children compared with normal weight children, even after carefully controlling for disease and other factors known to influence CRP concentrations. Being overweight was also associated with a higher white blood cell count, confirming the presence of low-grade systemic inflammation. A positive association between BMI and CRP concentration has been repeatedly observed in adults.5,8,9,15-18 Our study extends these important findings to children in whom the prevalence of any confounding subclinical disease is very low.. Overweight at young age is associated with dyslipidemia42,43 and insulin resistance.44,45 Prospective studies have shown that overweight in childhood is an important determinant of overweight in adulthood.46-48 Moreover, childhood overweight is associated with the metabolic syndrome in adulthood, independent of adult weight,49 and is a more powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and ...
What is already known about this subject Overweight and obesity can be linked to different parental socioeconomic factors already in very young children. In Western developed countries, the association of childhood overweight and obesity and parental socioeconomic status shows a negative gradient. Ambiguous results have been obtained regarding the association between socioeconomic factors and childhood overweight and obesity in different countries and over time. What this study adds European regions show heterogeneous associations between socioeconomic factors and overweight and obesity in a multi-centre study with highly standardized study protoco. The strength of association between SES and overweight and obesity varies across European regions. In our study, the SES gradient is correlated with the regional mean income and the country-specific Human development index indicating a strong influence not only of the family but also of region and country on the overweight and obesity prevalence. ...
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (,5 years) in Cameroon, based on weight-for-height index, has doubled between 1991 and 2006. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity among children aged 6 months to 5 years in Cameroon in 2011. Four thousand five hundred and eighteen children (2205 boys and 2313 girls) aged between 6 to 59 months were sampled in the 2011 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) database. Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores based on WHO 2006 reference population was chosen to estimate overweight (BMI z-score , 2) and obesity (BMI for age , 3). Regressionanalyses were performed to investigate risk factors of overweight/obesity.. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8% (1.7% for obesity alone). Boys were more affected by overweight than girls with a prevalence of 9.7% and 6.4% respectively. The highest prevalence of overweight was observed in the Grassfield area (including people iving in West and North-West regions) ...
6 in 10 members of the population in the U.S. are overweight and 5 in 10 members of the population in the U.K. and Spain are overweight. If the latest health statistics for the general population are true for photographers, than probably at least half of you reading this are overweight. So why are dignified, overweight models an endangered species in stock?. You might contend that our societies prefer to show men and women with impossible bodies (literally, in the case of some photoshop touch-ups) on the covers of magazines, etc. And you might be right. But that doesnt explain why photographers dont make photos of overweight models. Believe it or not, clients are looking for those photos. See these excerpts from real researcher/client requests:. We are always looking for overweight people…. Please note, they want an overweight man doing all sorts of typical, everyday activities like eating breakfast at home, leaving his house, getting in the car, driving to work, stopping for coffee, ...
An overweight child, or a child with a tendency to carry excess weight around the waist - may be at risk of being INSULIN RESISTANT!. In South Africa, about one in three children are overweight!. 80 % of individuals that are overweight are insulin resistant.. Children with Insulin Resistance have a very good chance of getting diabetes within 2 years of being diagnosed with insulin resistance if it is not treated successfully.. Insulin Resistance in children (as with adults) is also associated with an increased incidence (the chance of getting something) of heart disease, stroke or being overweight later in life.. When is a child at risk of developing or having Insulin Resistance?. -Any child or teenager who is overweight especially if they carry excess weight around their stomach, is at risk of developing or having insulin resistance ...
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake for 7 days. Those enrolled in the study will continue with the next 3 ...
Are you an overweight adult? Do you have an overweight child? Are you familiar with how unhappy a person can be when they are overweight? Parents are entirely responsible if their child grows up to be an overweight, unhappy adult, not to mention them having heart disease, diabetes, etc., caused by you.. I am amazed to see parents on talk shows complaining about their child being overweight. Do they think the child is the one responsible for going to the store to buy fattening snack food? Do they think the child will eat enough dinner for a grown man if the parent does not allow it? Once again, it all comes back to what the parent buys, serves, and the serving sizes.. Most of the time the parents buy fattening snack foods, and then hands them out as rewards or as a replacement for attention. If a parent feels guilty for not giving enough positive attention to the child, they can easily get in the rut of making the child smile by handing them fattening treats. But, why is the house stocked with ...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in schools followed by counselling of parents of overweight adolescents.
The recent increase in childhood obesity is expected to add significantly to the prevalence of chronic diseases. We used multivariate multilevel analysis to examine associations between parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity across communities in Calgary, Canada, a city characterized by intensified urban sprawl and high car use. Body Mass Index was calculated from measured height and weight data obtained from 6,772 children (mean age = 4.95 years) attending public health clinics for pre-school vaccinations. Each childs home postal code was geocoded using ESRI ArcGIS 9.2. We examined four measures of spatial access to parks/green space (based on Geographic Information Systems): 1) the number of parks/green spaces per 10,000 residents, 2) the area of parks/green space as a proportion of the total area within a community, 3) average distance to a park/green space, and 4) the proportion of parks/green space service area as a proportion of the total area within a community. Analyses were
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children in Glasgow and to evaluate a pilot activity programme for overweight and obese children. Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 1548 children. Overweight, obesity and severe obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 85th, 95th and 98th centile, respectively. Overweight and obese children were then invited to participate in a 10 week school-based activity programme. The programme was evaluated by recording weekly attendance, intensity (using the Childrens Effort Rating Scale) and enjoyment (scale 1-10). Focus groups were used to explore the experiences and views of the children, teachers, coaches and parents. 31.4% of the children were overweight, 19.1% were obese and 12.4% were severely obese. 38% of those invited, attended the activity programme. Weekly programme attendance was 83% (range 56% to 99%). Mean enjoyment rating (scale 1-10) was 8 for boys and 9 for girls. The intensity of activity ...
Suggested Citation: Garko, M.G. (2011, April). Overweight and obesity epidemic in America - Part VII: Health risks associated with being overweight or obese. Health and Wellbeing Monthly. Retrieved (insert month, day, year), from www.letstalknutrition.com. Overweight and Obesity Epidemic in America - Part VII: Health Risks Associated With Being Overweight Or Obese Michael G. Garko, Ph.D. […]
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of a 10,000 steps per day goal in overweight adults. AU - Schneider, Patrick L.. AU - Bassett, David R.. AU - Thompson, Dixie L.. AU - Pronk, Nicolaas P.. AU - Bielak, Kenneth. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Purpose. This study was designed (1) to examine the effects of a 10,000 steps·d-1 exercise prescription on sedentary, overweight/obese adults, and (2) to examine the effects of adherence on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. Fifty-six overweight/obese adults participated in the study. Body composition and cardiovascular risk factors were determined at baseline, 20 weeks, and 36 weeks. Adherence, was defined as averaging ≥ 9500 steps·d-1 from week 4 to week 36. Results. 38 participants (68%) wore pedometers daily for 36 weeks and, were available for posttesting. Significant improvements were noted in mean values for walking volume. (3994 steps·d-1), body weight (-2.4 kg), body mass index (-0.8 kg·m-2), percentage body fat, (-1.9%), fat ...
London, June 17 (IANS) Being overweight during adolescence can put men at significantly higher risk of developing severe liver disease later in life, says a study. The findings are based on 40 years follow-up of study of nearly 45,000 Swedish men.. The study showed that adolescent males with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 are at a 64 per cent increased risk of developing severe liver diseases and liver cell cancer in their late lives. Even for one kg/m2 increase in BMI, obese males can face a five per cent increased risk, the study said.. It is possible that this increased risk is caused by a longer exposure to being overweight, compared to becoming overweight or obese later in life and that individuals with a longer history of being overweight have an increased risk of severe liver disease, said lead investigator Hannes Hagstrom from Karolinska University in Sweden.. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in several liver diseases, such as non-alcoholic ...
There are many negative health outcomes associated with obesity and being overweight. The generally accepted view is estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people and the Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by an average three years. A review in 2013 came to the result that being overweight significantly increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men. People who have insulin dependant diabetes and chronically overdose insulin may gain weight, while people who already are overweight may develop insulin tolerance, and in the long run type II diabetes and heart ailments ...
Does Physical Activity and Sport Practice Lead to a Healthier Lifestyle and Eating Habits in Male Adolescents?. Articles related to Adolescents overweight are open access to read here.
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Child health care providers often fail to detect overweight children and fail to address behaviors that lead to progressive unhealthy weight gain in the office setting. Further, the process of behavior change often requires repeated contacts to address external or family pressures that may eliminate or reduce the ability of the child and family to adopt healthy behaviors suggested during the clinical encounter. Repeated contacts are often outside the scope of the medical office. Without help to assess the cause of behavior change failure or help to identify strategies to overcome barriers to healthy behaviors, the chances of families making needed behavior change on their own is low.. A comprehensive, multifaceted model for obesity detection and intervention in primary care settings is under development. The model consists of 1) improved identification of overweight and at risk for overweight patients, 2) clinicians informed on the management of overweight patients who provide effective ...
Almost one child in four is either overweight or obese at age three, a UK-wide survey has found.. The study, the biggest-ever of its kind, measured the height and weight of 14,000 children aged three. Preliminary results reveal that 18 per cent were overweight and a further 5 per cent obese.. Researchers from the Institute of Child Health at University College London and the Institute of Education, University of London, found that boys and girls were equally likely to be overweight or obese.. Children in Northern Ireland and Wales were, on average, more likely to be overweight or obese than those living in England and Scotland. Children in less advantaged areas of England and Scotland were slightly more likely to be overweight or obese than those living in more advantaged areas.. There were marked differences between ethnic groups. Only 9 per cent of Indian children were overweight or obese compared with 23 per cent of White and 33 per cent of Black Caribbean children.. The research was carried ...
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Twelve 11-year-old girls (six lean, six overweight) were given meals in the laboratory and at school for 5 days, with exercise imposed for 2 days and sedentary activities on another 2 days in counterbalanced sequences. During a preliminary visit, the FLEX heart rate method was used to predict individual exercise durations eliciting 1.5 MJ energy expenditure. Morning and afternoon cycling exercise was subsequently imposed in the laboratory on 2 consecutive days as part of the 5-day intervention. Energy intake was measured via observation with meals being standardised between conditions, prepared and weighed by the research team. Hunger, fullness and desire to eat were rated by subjects immediately before and after meals and exercise. Energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the exercise condition, compared to sedentary. No exercise-induced differences in total daily or 5-day total energy intake were observed between groups or treatments. Overweight girls, however, rated their appetite ...
WebMD, April 6, 2012: Want to get your overweight child to lose weight, but dont know how? Do the same thing yourself. This is the main finding from a new study of 80 overweight or obese children and their parents. When parents lost weight, their kids did, too. For each one unit decrease in the parents body mass index or BMI, children lost one quarter of a BMI unit.. Since 1970, the rate of childhood obesity in the U.S. has tripled. About 1 in 3 children in America are overweight or obese. As a result, obesity-related diseases and conditions normally only seen in adults are increasingly diagnosed in kids.. The average BMI of parents in the study was obese, but not all the parents in the study were overweight. The findings may have been even more dramatic if all the parents were overweight or obese.. Children look up to their parents. It is not fair to tell a child to lose weight if you dont do it yourself. It has to be a team effort.. You must walk your own talk.. This study reaffirms the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The direct health services costs of providing assisted reproduction services in overweight or obese women. T2 - a retrospective cross-sectional analysis. AU - Maheshwari, Abha. AU - Scotland, Graham Stewart. AU - Bell, J.s.. AU - McTavish, Alison. AU - Hamilton, M. AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - Prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising. Hence, it is likely that a higher proportion of women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment are overweight or obese.In a retrospective cross-sectional analysis using routinely collected data of an IVF Unit and maternity hospital in a tertiary care setting in the UK, direct costs were assessed for all weight classes. Costs for underweight, overweight and obese were compared with those for women with normal body mass index (BMI).Of 1756 women, who underwent their first cycle of IVF between 1997 and 2006, 43 (2.4%) were underweight; 988 (56.3%) had normal BMI; 491 (28.0%) were overweight; 148 (8.4%) were obese ...
Reduce Belly Fat Naturally Exercise : Overweight Dogs And Walking - often an overweight and out-of-shape dog has an owner that is also overweight and out-of-shapenstead of investing in diet dog food and 100 calorie pack doggie treats, invest in a nice collar with a matching leash and a good set of walking shoesog owners can get started walking wearing any shoe, but choosing a shoe like the Stepgym shoe will maximize the Benefits of walkingn overweight dog will be at risk for health problems similar to that of a person who is overweightor huge dogs, being overweight increases the risk of hip problems when they age and it may cause them to be unable to walk at allelping a dog be at a healthy weight usually causes the dog owner to be at a healthy weight toohen starting a dog on a weight loss program, having a healthy diet will be importantrastically reducing the food amount may cause a dog to be cranky and act outeduce the amount of food gradually while increasing the dogs exercise to help a dog ...
Obesity is considered to be a major public health problem and its prevalence is increasing not only in developed countries (1, 2) but also in countries that are undergoing economic and social transition (3-5). The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of obesity is 4.8% in developing countries, 17.1% in transitional countries, and 20.4% in developed countries (6). In 1970 in Brazil, the prevalence of overweight was estimated to be 4% among young people (6-18 years old), and it grew to 14% by the end of 1990 (7). Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases (8, 9). Although the health consequences associated with excess weight are not identical in adults and children, risk factors associated with overweight and obesity installed in childhood and adolescence may be higher for cardiovascular diseases than when installed at more advanced ages (10). Overweight and obesity in children and ...
Asthma and obesity are highly prevalent in children, and are interrelated resulting in a difficult-to-treat asthma-obesity phenotype. The exact underlying mechanisms of this phenotype remain unclear, but decreased physical activity (PA) could be an important lifestyle factor. We hypothesize that both asthma and overweight/obesity decrease PA levels and interact on PA levels in asthmatic children with overweight/obesity. School-aged children (n = 122) were divided in 4 groups (healthy control, asthma, overweight/obesity and asthma, and overweight/obesity). Children were asked to perform lung function tests and wear an activity monitor for 7 days. PA was determined by: step count, active time, screen time, time spent in organized sports and active transport forms. We used multiple linear regression techniques to investigate whether asthma, body mass index-standard deviation score (BMI-SDS), or the interaction term asthma x BMI-SDS were associated with PA. Additionally, we tested if asthma features
When we are insulted, we tend to tell ourselves that this treatment will stop when we lose weight. Truth is those insulting would just find another fault to make fun of. People will always be judgmental, and there is no changing that. A portion of society seems to think that when a person is overweight that it is self-inflicted. People associate heavy people, with those who do nothing, but stuff their face. The next time you see an overweight person, dont automatically assume their weight is self-inflicted. Dont stereotype them about being overweight with thoughts that they must eat way too much. Little do you know, but they might eat less than you.. Losing weight is not an easy thing to do despite what you may think. Overweight people are not lazy. It is not that we dont know when to leave the table. It is not just a matter of motivation. I for one have hypothyroid. Many hypothyroid patients struggle with an inability to lose weight. You dont know why a person is overweight. Society has ...
1.Barlow SE and the Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics 2007;120 Supplement December 2007:S164 - S192.. 2.Freedman DS, Mei Z, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS, Dietz WH. Cardiovascular risk factors and excess adiposity among overweight children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Pediatr. 2007;150(1):12 - 17.e2.. 3.Whitlock EP, Williams SB, Gold R, Smith PR, Shipman SA. Screening and interventions for childhood overweight: a summary of evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Pediatrics. 2005;116(1):e125 - 144.. 4.Han JC, Lawlor DA, Kimm SY. Childhood obesity. Lancet. May 15 2010;375(9727):1737 - 1748.. 5.Sutherland ER. Obesity and asthma. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2008;28(3):589 - 602, ix.. 6.Taylor ED, Theim KR, Mirch MC, et al. Orthopedic complications of overweight in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. Jun 2006;117(6):2167 - ...
While the negative health outcomes associated with obesity are accepted within the medical community, the health implications of the overweight category are more controversial. The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. A 2016 review estimated that the risk of death increases by seven percent among overweight people with a BMI of 25 to 27.5 and 20 percent among overweight people with a BMI of 27.5 to 30.[10] The Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by three years.[11] Being overweight also increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men.[12] Katherine Flegal et al., however, found that the mortality rate for individuals who are classified as overweight (BMI 25 to 30) may actually be lower than for those with an ideal weight (BMI 18.5 to 25), noting that many studies show that the lowest mortality rate is at a BMI close to 25.[13][14] Being overweight has been ...
Objective: To determine the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in French youth from 2009 to 2013 and to determine if there are differences in weight categories according to socio-economic status.. Design: Cross-sectional study performed in different regions of France. Physical measures included weight, height and BMI. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined according to age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points from the International Obesity Task Force.. Setting: France.. Subjects: Children and adolescents (n 9670; 4836 boys, 4834 girls) from the French national BOUGE Program between 2009 and 2013.. Results: The prevalence of obesity was higher in boys than girls (P,0·05). In contrast, underweight was more prevalent in girls (P,0·05). Although there were no significant changes in overweight or underweight boys or girls from 2009 to 2013, there was a significant increase in obesity in boys and girls (P,0·05) during the same time period. The prevalence of underweight ...
In addition to the markers above, your dogs veterinarian can also let you know if your dog is overweight based on your dogs size and breed. The American Kennel Club has a more comprehensive list that can help owners identify if their dogs are overweight.. What can make your dog overweight. While there could be a number of medical conditions that are the reason behind your dog being overweight, the primary cause of overweight dogs is overeating. Different dog breeds have different nutritional requirements which not all owners may be aware of as noted by the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention. Because of this, overfeeding a dog is more common than most people think.. A sedentary lifestyle also contributes to dog obesity. The combination of no activity and an excess in consumed calories make sure that everything your dog eats turns into unhealthy fat.. Diet. Much like humans, a dogs weight is best controlled by paying attention and controlling what they eat. Make sure to give your dog just ...
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in most population is increasing alarmingly. This rise is associated with economic development, increasing urbanization, change in dietary and other lifestyle patterns and also reduced physical activity. Last studies showed that type 2 diabetes incidence rise with increasing body mass index (BMI). This paper evaluated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among diabetic patients. A total of 518 consecutive central-based patients (198 males and 320 females) with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were investigated in this prospective cross-sectional study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m²) was 76%. The mean of BMI in women was 26.66 ± 3.98 and in men was 28.70 ± 4.36. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 48% and 28%, respectively. This paper indicated a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in diabetic patients in Yazd (central province of Iran).. ...
Background:. The investigators know that exercise helps children develop strong bones and muscles and generally stay healthy. What is unclear however, is how much exercise a child needs to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.. Objective:. The investigators will try to find out whether high-intensity exercise for a short-period of time is better than moderately intense exercise for improving the diabetes risk profile in teens who are at risk for type 2 diabetes.. The working hypothesis is that exercise-mediated improvements in insulin sensitivity (a risk factor for diabetes) will be greater following vigorous intermittent physical activity than following low intensity physical activity in overweight adolescents 13-18 yrs at risk for T2DM.. Brief Description of Research Project: Teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 yrs, who are at risk for type 2 diabetes (either by their family history or an abnormal response to sugar) will be randomly assigned to one of two activity groups or a ...
Originally published on ArlNow.com More than half of the dogs in the U.S. are overweight. Much like with people, it is a result of too much processed food, large portion sizes, and just plain overeating.. What amazes me the most about this epidemic is the number of dog owners who simply do not know that their dog is overweight. Check out this awesome chart at projectpetslimdown.com. Once you know your dogs body condition score (BCS) you can make adjustments to their feeding.. The easiest way to tell if your dog is overweight is to feel for their ribs. I recommend placing your thumbs on your dogs back bone and using your fingers to feel for the ribs. You should be able to feel your dogs ribs through no more than about a 1/4 inch of skin, muscle and fat. If you cannot easily feel your dogs ribs, without having to push down, then your dog is likely overweight.. If you do find that your dog is overweight, simply cut down on the amount of food they get per day and increase their exercise. Sound ...
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Obesity is a huge problem in America that has already reached the ranks in the Army. Look inside any Army Reserve or Army National Guard unit and you will quickly discover that 15% up to 40% of the unit is overweight and unable to pass the height/weight standards and/or APFT. Obesity is a huge problem that really affects the readiness of the ARNG and USAR.. As a part-time Army leader, you have a HUGE challenge solving this issues, because you arent training with your Soldiers every day like the Active Duty Army does. That being said, there are still a few things you can do to help your overweight Soldiers. Here is what I recommend you do:. # 1 FLAG Your Overweight Soldiers. As a leader, you need to ensure your overweight soldiers are flagged. I truly believe that FLAGGING them is taking care of them. By doing so, you show them that you are serious about enforcing the Army Standards. It also shows your overweight Soldiers that if they want to advance their career they need to get in shape and ...
BACKGROUND: Very few studies on glucose abnormalities in European overweight/obese children and adolescents are available, and scientific evidence on the value of standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in childhood is lacking. We therefore aimed to establish prevalence and features of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a large cohort of Italian overweight/obese children and adolescents and to assess the validity of standard OGTT in the paediatric population. METHODS: This is a 1-year observational study conducted on 736 (535 overweight/obese and 201 normal weight) consecutive paediatric patients attending the outpatient clinic of Paediatric Endocrine Unit. Clinical and biochemical parameters were collected for all participants. All overweight/obese subjects underwent OGTT. RESULTS: We observed a high prevalence of IFG (7.66%), more than twice that observed in other European children, but a low prevalence of IGT (3.18%) and T2D ...
Unfortunately, more teens are overweight or obese than ever before. This realization worries experts as they fear that a negative body image may compromise the mental health of teens.. This anxiety has lead to a new study that may provide hope as researchers discover overweight teens who are satisfied with their bodies are less depressed and less prone to unhealthy behaviors.. These findings could lead to proactive strategies to manage mental health among overweight adolescents.. In the study, researchers discovered overweight adolescents who are happy with the size and shape of their bodies report higher levels of self-esteem and may also be protected against the negative behavioral and psychological factors sometimes associated with being overweight.. Study findings will be published in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.. Investigators surveyed a group of 103 overweight adolescents between 2004 and 2006, assessing body satisfaction, weight-control behavior, importance ...
A University of Limerick study has found that mothers of overweight and obese children struggle to recognize their child as overweight or obese. The study reported on 7,655 mothers and their nine year old children using data from the national longitudinal study of children, Growing Up in Ireland. Study co-author, Professor Ailish Hannigan, highlighted that while three quarters of overweight mothers and 60% of obese mothers in the study recognised themselves as overweight or obese, mothers of overweight or obese children were much less likely to recognise this in their child. Just 1 in 6 mothers of obese children classified their child as moderately or very overweight.. Interestingly, overweight or obese mothers with accurate perceptions of their own weight were more likely to correctly classify their overweight or obese child, said study co-author, Dr. Helen Purtill. The public health significance of the study was highlighted by Dr. Kieran Dowd, Centre for Physical Activity and Health ...
OBJECTIVES: To examine overweight prevalence and its association with demographic and lifestyle factors in 11-15 year olds in the HBSC 2005-2006 survey. METHODS: Self-reports of height, weight, eating patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviours were obtained from nationally representative samples in 41 countries (n=204,534). RESULTS: Overweight prevalence was highest in USA (28.8 %) and lowest in Latvia (7.6 %). In most countries, overweight was more prevalent in boys than girls. Overweight was consistently negatively associated with breakfast consumption and moderate to vigorous physical activity; OR range: 0.48-0.79 and 0.50-0.78, respectively. CONCLUSION: Overweight prevalence in youth remained high across the countries examined. The primary factors linked to overweight were breakfast consumption and physical activity. These data should contribute to formulating preventive programs and policies ...
Body mass index (BMI) and skeletal age (SA) are important indicators of individual growth and maturation. Although the results have not been unified, most studies indicated that accelerated skeletal maturation is associated with overweight/obesity. However, there have so far been insufficient studies about the association between accelerated skeletal maturation and overweight/obesity in preschoolers, particularly Asian children. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Chinese children to verify the association between accelerated skeletal maturation and overweight/obesity at preschool age. The study involved 1330 participants aged 3.1-6.6 years old (730 males and 600 females) in Shanghai, China. The skeletal age was determined according to the method of TW3-C RUS. Accelerated skeletal maturation was defined as relative SA (SA minus chronological age [CA]) ≥1.0 years. BMI was classified as thinness, normal weight, overweight, and obesity according to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) BMI cut
Overweight in adolescence is considered an important predictor of long-term morbidity and mortality. The impact of adolescent overweight on adult overweight and related multiple cardiovascular risk factors was examined in a biracial (black-white) cohort (N = 783) who participated in two cross-sectio …
Civil servants are disposing individuals to sedentary lifestyle and, may lead to overweight and obesity. Thus, the purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with overweight and obesity among employees in Ethiopia ministries. Respondents who were age 45 years and above [AOR = 11.56, 95% CI 3.75-35.56], 35-44 years [AOR = 11.17, 95% CI 3.89-32.06] and 25-34 [AOR = 3.08 95% CI 1.07-8.83] were more likely to be overweight/obesity as compared to those who were in age category of 18-24 years. The study also found that ever alcohol consumption [AOR = 2.27, 95% CI 1.23, 4.16] was associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity as compared to non-consumers. Another risk factor was adult who did not practice ten minutes walk per day, more likely to overweight and obesity [AOR = 11.28, 95% CI 5.96-21.36] as compared to the counter parts. Similarly, participants who did not involve physical activity (sport) [AOR = 2.42% 95% CI 1.36-4.30] were 2.42 times more likely to overweight and obesity
OBJECTIVE: Many overweight adolescents display elevated risk for the development of eating disorders, as seen in higher rates of weight/shape concerns and disordered eating behaviors, but the extent of impairment in this subset of high-risk adolescents has not been explored.. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Eighty-one overweight adolescents (63% girls) presenting for an Internet-based weight loss program were assessed at baseline using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, and the Pediatric Quality of Life questionnaire. Adolescents who earned elevated scores on both the Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire were considered at high risk for the development of eating disorders (56.8%).. RESULTS: Comparisons of high- and normal-risk groups revealed that high-risk adolescents reported higher levels of depression [F(3,76) = 5.75, p = 0.019], anxiety [F(3,76) = 5.67, p = 0.020], and stress ...
The market for wearable devices that can be used for sustained health monitoring purposes is continuously growing within the healthcare sec- tor. However, to function effectively, these devices must collect a large amount of data from the users. There are privacy concerns that may inhibit the behavioural intention of overweight adult to use wearable de- vices for health monitoring in the long term. This study examined the privacy factors influencing the behavioural intention of overweight adult to make use of wearable devices of sustained health monitoring. The study made use of a qualitative research approach with an inter- view design. A purposive sampling technique was used to select and interview twenty overweight adults (aged 18-59 years) who are using wearable devices in East London, South Africa. The Expectation Confirmation Model (ECM) framework was adopted as the underlying re- search theory in this study. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data provided by participants. The ...
In this population-based study of Canadian adults, neither breakfast consumption (versus non-consumption) nor the type of breakfast consumed (whether or not RTEC was included) was consistently associated with BMI or the prevalence of overweight/obesity. For the overall adult population, mean BMI of breakfast non-consumers and those who consumed other breakfasts was almost identical (27.1 ± 0.3 and 27.1 ± 0.1 kg/m2, respectively). While mean BMI of RTEC breakfast consumers (26.5 kg/m2) was significantly lower than that of other breakfast consumers, the difference of 0.6 kg/m2 reflects a difference of only 1.7 kg at the mean population height of 1.68 m. Furthermore, the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the OR for being overweight/obese did not differ among the three breakfast groups for the adult population as a whole: Overweight/obesity prevalence was close to 60 % in all groups, and adjusted OR (and 95 % CI) for consumers of RTEC breakfasts and other breakfasts were 0.95 (0.72, 1.26) and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Child-feeding practices and child overweight perceptions of family day care providers caring for preschool-aged children. AU - Brann, Lynn S.. N1 - Funding Information: I would like to acknowledge the editorial assistance of Dr. Tanya Horacek. Core support for this research project was provided by the College of Human Ecology Research Center at Syracuse University. PY - 2010/9. Y1 - 2010/9. N2 - Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes, feeding practices, and child overweight perceptions of family day-care providers caring for preschool-aged children and to examine whether child feeding practices differ based on child weight perceptions. Method: One hundred twenty-three family day-care providers participated in this cross-sectional exploratory study and completed a self-administered survey measuring feeding attitudes and practices from the Child Feeding Questionnaire, demographic information, and self-reported height and weight. Participants selected ...
BACKGROUND/AIM: To study the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance (IR) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in overweight/obese children with clinical hepatomegaly and/or raised alanine aminotransferase (ALT).. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three overweight and obese children, aged 2-13 years, presenting with hepatomegaly and/or raised ALT, were studied for the prevalence of MS, IR and NAFLD. Laboratory analysis included fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and liver biochemical profile, in addition to liver ultrasound and liver biopsy.. RESULTS: Twenty patients (60.6%) were labeled with MS. IR was present in 16 (48.4%). Fifteen (44%) patients had biopsy-proven NAFLD. Patients with MS were more likely to have NAFLD by biopsy (P=0.001). Children with NAFLD had significantly higher body mass index, waist circumference, ALT, total ...
Childhood overweight is not restricted to developed countries: a number of lower- and middle-income countries are struggling with the double burden of underweight and overweight. Another public health problem that concerns both developing and, to a lesser extent, developed countries is food insecurity. This study presents a comparative gender-based analysis of the association between household food insecurity and overweight among 10-to-11-year-old children living in the Canadian province of Québec and in the country of Jamaica. Analyses were performed using data from the 2008 round of the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development and the Jamaica Youth Risk and Resiliency Behaviour Survey of 2007. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1190 10-year old children in Québec and 1674 10-11-year-old children in Jamaica. Body mass index was derived using anthropometric measurements and overweight was defined using Coles age- and sex-specific criteria. Questionnaires were used to collect data on food
For some time, there have been indications that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Germany has stabilised at a high level. The second wave of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 2, 2014-2017) once again provides nationwide measurements on height and weight of children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 years. The results are confirming this trend. The prevalence of overweight is 15.4% and 5.9% for obesity. There are no differences between girls and boys. Overweight and obesity prevalence increases with age. Children and adolescents with low socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be overweight and obese than those with high SES. Compared to the KiGGS baseline study (2003-2006), there was no further increase in overweight and obesity prevalence overall and in all age groups ...
Background Obesity and overweight are rising worldwide while underweight rates persist in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity among non-pregnant women aged 15-49 years, and its socio-demographic correlates in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods The data are from 2000, 2005 and 2011 nationally representative Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys in Addis Ababa. The dependent variable was womens nutritional status measured in terms of body mass index coded in binary outcomes to examine risk of being underweight (|18.5 kg/m2 vs. ≥18.5 kg/m2) or overweight/obese (|25 kg/m2 vs. ≤25 kg/m2). Logistic regression models were used to estimate the strength of associations. Results The prevalence of overweight/obesity increased significantly by 28%; while underweight decreased by 21% between 2000 and 2011. Specifically, the prevalence of urban obesity increased by 43.3% i.e., from 3.0% to 4.3% in about 15 years. Overall,
TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood overweight and obesity and the risk of depression across the lifespan. AU - Gibson-Smith, Deborah. AU - Halldorsson, Thorhallur I.. AU - Bot, Mariska. AU - Brouwer, Ingeborg A.. AU - Visser, Marjolein. AU - Thorsdottir, Inga. AU - Birgisdottir, Bryndis E.. AU - Gudnason, Vilmundur. AU - Eiriksdottir, Gudny. AU - Launer, Lenore J.. AU - Harris, Tamara B.. AU - Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg. PY - 2020/1/21. Y1 - 2020/1/21. N2 - BACKGROUND: Obesity has been longitudinally associated with depression but only few studies take a life course approach. This longitudinal study investigates whether being overweight or obese at age 8 and 13 years is associated with depressive symptoms more than 60 years later and whether this association is independent of late-life body mass index (BMI). We also investigated the association of being overweight/obese at age 8 or 13 years with ever having major depressive disorder (lifetime MDD). METHOD: This analysis is based on a sub-sample of 889 ...
Obesity is defined as an excess of body weight, relative to height, that is attributed to an abnormally high proportion of body fat. A common metric to calculate presence and degree of obesity is body mass index (BMI). The mathematical formula is for BMI is weight in kilograms / (height in meters)². For adults, a BMI of 25-29.9 represents an overweight status, and a BMI over 30 corresponds to obesity. While there is no scientifically accepted definition of obesity in children and adolescents, pediatric overweight is defined as a BMI-for-age meeting or exceeding the 95th percentile; the 85th percentile marks the point at which a child or adolescent becomes at risk for overweight. Overweight and obesity, which are alarmingly on the rise among children, adolescents, and adults, are established risk factors for a number of medical complications and diseases including diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and sleep apnea. Obesity is not an eating disorder, but it can be associated with ...
BackgroundComparable evidence on adiposity inequalities in early life is lacking across a range of European countries. This study investigates whether low maternal education is associated with overweight and obesity risk in children from distinct European settings during early childhood. MethodsProspective data of 45 413 children from 11 European cohorts were used. Childrens height and weight obtained at ages 4-7 years were used to assess prevalent overweight and obesity according to the International Obesity Task Force definition. The Relative/Slope Indices of Inequality (RII/SII) were estimated within each cohort and by gender to investigate adiposity risk among children born to mothers with low education as compared to counterparts born to mothers with high education. Individual-data meta-analyses were conducted to obtain aggregate estimates and to assess heterogeneity between cohorts. ResultsLow maternal education yielded a substantial risk of early childhood adiposity across 11 European ...
There is a real link between overweight children and video games. Children who are or become overweight usually sit in front of a television or a computer the majority of the day and do nothing except play video games. As every parent knows this is not good for the health of any child. The child must not be, allowed to concentrate so intently on these games. An over weight child is at risk.. Some of these risks are heart problems developing; a risk of bone and joint problems developing. These overweight children will begin to have trouble with the bowels and the urinary tracks as well as become dependent upon junk foods. Some of these children can also develop breathing problems such as asthma.. The reason for all or this is the fact that the child becomes inactive. When anyone is inactive, the body metabolism begins to slow down. The slower the metabolism the less movement this creates fat cells to grow rapidly. This causes the child to become over weight. This can also cause the child to begin ...
BACKGROUND: Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) was identified as a predictor of weight loss maintenance in overweight/obese women of the Diogenes project. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ACE acted also as a predictor in men of the Diogenes study and to compare it with that in women. DESIGN: Subjects, who lost ≥ 8% of body weight induced by low-caloric diet in an 8-week weight loss period, were assigned to weight loss maintenance with dietary intervention for 6 months. SUBJECTS: 125 overweight/obese healthy men from eight European countries who completed whole intervention. MEASUREMENTS: Concentrations and activity of serum ACE at baseline and after the 8-week weight loss, in addition to anthropometric and physiological parameters. RESULTS: Serum ACE concentration decreased by 11.3 ± 10.6% during the weight loss period in men. A greater reduction is associated with less body weight regain during the maintenance period (r=0.227, P=0.012). ACE change was able to predict a weight regain
The incidence of several liver diseases, especially non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), has increased globally over the last few decades. During the same time, overweight, defined as a BMI above 25, and obesity, defined as a BMI above 30, have increased in both Europe and the USA, as well as globally. It has been estimated that if current trends continue, there will be more than two billion overweight and over one billion obese individuals worldwide by 2030. Obesity in adults has been linked to an increased risk for liver-related death or hospitalization in individuals both with and without liver disease, as well as a higher risk for liver cell cancer. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in several liver diseases, such as NAFLD, hepatitis B and C, and alcoholic liver disease ...
Overweight girls who lose weight before they reach adulthood greatly reduced their risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard Univ...
Over the past 3 decades the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased markedly in Ireland and worldwide. In the Republic of Ireland it is currently estimated that 60% of adults and 25% of children are overweight or obese. Obesity is a chronic disorder described by the World Health Organization as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation to the extent that health may be impaired. Excess body weight is associated with a significant burden of chronic disease, with attendant negative effects on overall life expectancy, disability-free life expectancy, quality of life, healthcare costs and productivity.. While the personal and social cost of this global phenomenon are incalculable, researchers and policy makers in a number of countries have estimated the economic costs of overweight and obesity. Estimates of the economic burden of illness provide critical information for priority setting, policy development and investment in both prevention and health services. The lack of ...
What is overweight and Obesity?. Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. The terms also identify ranges of weight that have been shown to increase the likelihood of certain diseases and other health problems.. For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the body mass index (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat. Overweight and Obesity means having excess body fat.. ...
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic disorders that include abdominal obesity, high blood sugar levels, blood pressure levels, cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels. MetS is turning out to be an epidemic thats spreading like wildfire affecting more than a quarter of the worlds population placing them at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, stroke and diabetes. Still, this is a disease that can be easily controlled by reducing your weight and eating a proper diet. Likewise, obesity/overweight also exists as a global epidemic with more than 1.9 billion people aged above 18 years branded as overweight and 650 million of them listed as obese (acc to WHO 2016 statistics). On a positive note, people are beginning to realize the importance of a healthy lifestyle and have started making healthy diet modifications. All these play an integral role in reducing the risk of MetS and overweight/obesity. Including more of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, proteins, dairy and nuts and ...
TOKYO -- Japans institutional investors remain overweight on domestic stocks, a recent survey shows.In the QUICK monthly survey for November, release
Daphne Roth, Head Equity Research, Asia at ABN AMRO Private Banking tells CNBCs Cash Flow why she remains overweight on Asia equities in 2013.
Overweight and obesity constitute global public health problems with consequences on health and productivity of workers. This study was designed to describe the gender variation in the factors associated with overweight, obesity and hypertension among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 280 civil servants recruited from seven local government areas in Lagos state using random sampling technique. A pre-tested, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics and blood pressure. Weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured using standard procedure. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test at p = 0.05. Age was 44.8 ± 8.5 years, 68.2% were males and 80.4% were married. About 64% had tertiary education; higher in males (70.7%) than females (49.4%). The crude prevalence of overweight and obesity was 70.7%. Overweight was
Kidney failure may be sudden (acute) or chronic. Chronic kidney failure develops when kidney function progressively diminishes over time. When the kidneys of patients with chronic kidney failure no longer function, the patients are said to have end-stage renal disease (ESRD). They are usually treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation. Risk factors for chronic kidney failure and ESRD include diabetes, high blood pressure, and smoking. Some research suggests that being overweight or obese may contribute to loss of kidney function. Being overweight or obese increases a persons risk for diabetes and high blood pressure. Whether being overweight or obese increases risk for ESRD, independent of these other common risk factors, is unknown ...
Results Upwardly socially mobile participants did not have lower prevalence of overweight and obesity compared to the socially stable at low SEP (62.3 vs 63.9% in women). Downwardly socially mobile participants had higher prevalence of overweight and obesity than the socially stable at high SEP (52.0% vs 36.1% in women). The odds of adult overweight and obesity increased with social accumulation of disadvantage. Among women, one life phase in low SEP was associated with 61% higher odds (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.05 to 2.47), two phases low with 66% higher odds (1.66; 1.14 to 2.42) and all phases low with 2.6 times the odds (2.61; 1.79 to 3.78) of overweight and obesity compared to women with all phases in high SEP. ...
Being overweight can raise the likelihood of being diagnosed with cancers of the stomach and digestive tract, as well as certain brain and reproductive tumors, international researchers said.. A report in the New England Journal of Medicine adds eight more kinds of cancer to the list of those already known to be more likely among overweight people.. In 2002, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Cancer on Research (IARC), based in France, said excess pounds could raise the risk of colon, esophagus, kidney, breast and uterine cancer.. Now, it has added stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary and thyroid cancers, as well as a type of brain tumor known as meningioma and the blood cancer multiple myeloma, the report said.. Researchers reviewed more than 1,000 studies of excess weight and cancer risks, saying that limiting weight gain over decades can help to reduce the risk of those cancers.. The burden of cancer due to being overweight or obese is more extensive than what ...
Group membership, loyalty, and weight are highly relevant for adolescent peer evaluations at school. This research tested how in-group/out-group membership affected judgments of peers who deviated from social norms for weight and loyalty. Two hundred and forty 11-13-year-olds (49 percent female; 94 percent Caucasian) judged two in-group or out-group peers: one was normative (loyal and average weight) and the other was non-normative (i.e., deviant). The deviant target was overweight, disloyal to their own group (school), or both (doubly deviant). Derogation of overweight relative to average weight peers was greater if they were in-group rather than out-group members, revealing a strong black sheep effect for overweight peers. Disloyal out-group deviants were judged favorably, but this effect was eliminated if they were doubly deviant, suggesting that their disloyalty was insufficient to overcome the overweight stigma. Consistent with developmental subjective group dynamics theory, effects ...
About 8,100 load shift tickets were issued in 2017 for overweight axle or axle group load limit violations. TRC2001 will determine if there is a significant amount of damage on Arkansas roadways due to overweight axle or axle group loads and determine pavement and bridge repair life-cycle costs attributed to overweight axle and axle groups. A literature review and a survey to other State departments of transportation (DOTs) will identify various methodological approaches. Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) training will support pavement conditions assessment. The research team will then develop a methodology to quantify damages caused by overweight axle and axle groups. The survey results, load shift citations, and data from FWD tests will be collected and analyzed. ...
Central obesity has been associated with adverse events in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We undertook this study to evaluate predictors of overweight awareness, desire to lose weight and weight loss attempts in patients with CVD and central obesity. Association of physician-rendered diagnosis of overweight with weight loss attempts was also evaluated. Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 -2004 were used. CVD was defined as self-referred history of coronary artery disease or stroke. Central obesity was determined based on a waist circumference , 102 cm in men and , 88 cm in women. Motivational factors considered as determinant for behavioral change that were evaluated included: participants awareness of their overweight status; desire to lose weight; any weight loss attempts in last year. We examined demographic, anthropometric and clinical determinants of each stage of change using multivariate models. Of the 1484 participants with CVD that were ...
Patients who underwent LTx presented with a progressive increase in BMI and excessive weight (table II). The median BMI and the prevalence of obesity three years after LTx were greater than before liver disease. Greater relative weight gain was seen the first year after LTx (an average weight gain of 9.0 kg in relation to the weight the first post-LTx appointment). Patients with overweight or obesity at each evaluation had greater weight loss (in relation to their weight before liver disease and immediately after LTx) and greater weight gain in relation to those with under or normal weight.. A significant number of patients who were overweight or obese one, two and three years after LTx were also overweight before having liver disease (McNemar test; p , 0.01), but the percentage of patients with excessive weight was higher within two and three years after surgery than before liver disease (51.3% and 56.3% versus 49.4%). Independent risk factors for weight gain one, two and three years after ...
|p|The impact of ER XbaI and PvuII α gene polymorphisms on overweight and obesity were studied in 77 subjects with Down Syndrome (DS), of which 32 were children (18 boys, 14 girls), mean age 8.7 ± 2.3 years, and 45 adolescents (28 boys, 17 girls) mean age 14 ± 2.5 years. Their lifestyle was compared to 40 healthy age-matched controls. DS subjects had significant lesser physical activity than controls (p<0.05) and a lower caloric intake than the recommended requirements, which was significantly lesser than controls (p<0.05). Body Mass Index (BMI), Arm Circumference (AC) and Triceps Skinfold Thickness (TST) were significantly higher in DS subjects than controls (p<0.05), while metabolic and cardiovascular parameters were not significantly different between the groups (p>0.05). The frequency of ER genotypes in DS subjects was compared with the healthy controls, finding that there was a high prevalence of XXER genotype in DS subjects. Children and adolescents with DS,
TY - JOUR. T1 - Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight. T2 - Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?. AU - Lin, Yi Ching. AU - Fung, Xavier C.C.. AU - Tsai, Meng-Che. AU - Strong, Carol. AU - Hsieh, Yi Ping. AU - Lin, Chung Ying. PY - 2019/1/15. Y1 - 2019/1/15. N2 - Physical activity (PA) is essential for childrens health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their childrens screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between childrens screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates ...
In addition to these health risks, overweight children tend to go through puberty earlier. There are also social consequences of being an overweight child which can lead to low self-esteem and a decreased quality of life. Overweight children and adolescents are often targets of early social discrimination. Some research indicates that the psychological stress of social labeling can cause low self-esteem which, in turn, can effect academic and social functioning which may continue into adulthood.. ...
Childhood predictors of becoming overweight or obese as adults in New Zealand include being male, born into a single-parent family, having parents with larger body size and limited or no breastfeeding, new University of Otago research reveals.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: Associations with ethnicity and deprivation. AU - Utter, Jennifer. AU - Denny, Simon. AU - Crengle, Sue. AU - Ameratunga, Shanthi. AU - Robinson, Elizabeth. AU - Clark, Terryann. AU - Percival, Teuila. AU - Maddison, Ralph. PY - 2010/12. Y1 - 2010/12. N2 - Objectives. The objectives of the current study are: to describe the prevalence of overweight/obesity among New Zealand adolescents and to describe the demographic characteristics, including neighbourhood deprivation, associated with overweight/obesity. Methods. Data for the current study were collected as part of Youth07, a national survey of the health and well-being of 9 107 New Zealand secondary school students (approximate ages 13 to 17 years). Students answered a comprehensive, multimedia survey about their health and wellbeing and were weighed and measured for height. Small area deprivation was measured by the New Zealand Deprivation Index, based on the students residential ...
Research suggests there are factors that may exacerbate or otherwise serve as a protective factor for the effects being overweight. This study explores the association between BMI and adolescents academic achievement, and the moderating effects of individual-level (e.g., race/ethnicity) and socio-contextual factors (e.g., economic disadvantage) on this association. Furthermore, research suggests that overweight adolescents are at an increased risk of becoming overweight adults. As such, other developmental outcomes may be impacted as adolescents mature into young adulthood. Given this likelihood, the association between BMI and achievement over time was also tested. Findings suggests an overlapping sphere of influence on BMI and adolescents academic achievement, as well as a consistent effect of BMI on achievement as adolescents enter into young adulthood.
Lots of people think that being overweight is an appearance issue. But being overweight can impact a persons entire quality of life, affecting things like emotions, energy, and sleep.
"Overweight Dogs". Pet Care. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). Retrieved 17 October 2013.. ... "Overweight Cats". Pet Care. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). Retrieved 17 October 2013.. ... Overweight pets have been shown to be at a higher risk of developing diabetes, liver problems, joint pain, kidney failure, and ... "Pet Obesity: Over Half Of U.S. Dogs And Cats Are Overweight, Study Says". Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 October 2013 ...
Whole-grain, ready-to-eat, oat cereal diets reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and waist circumference in overweight or ... reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in adults with overweight and obesity more than a dietary program including low- ...
Overweight and obesity strongly predispose a person to IIH: women who are more than ten percent over their ideal body weight ... Risk factors include being overweight or a recent increase in weight.[1] Tetracycline may also trigger the condition.[2] The ...
talk , contribs)‎ (→‎Conceptual evolution: rm overweight and OR). 15 February 2018. *(diff , hist) . . m Tax‎; 23:43 . . (+ ...
"WHO: Obesity and overweight". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 10 January ... Overweight children who participate in physical exercise experience greater loss of body fat and increased cardiovascular ...
Overweight (25 - 29.9 BMI). Obese Class I (30 - 34.9 BMI). Obese Class II (35 - 39.9 BMI). Obese Class III (greater than 40 BMI ... The show features obese or overweight contestants competing to win a cash prize by losing the highest percentage of weight ...
Overweight children are rarely affected. The diagnosis is based on a combination of typical clinical features and exclusion by ...
"Researchers weigh risks due to overweight". CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 55 (5): 268-9. 2005. doi:10.3322/canjclin.55.5 ... Overweight, and Obesity". JAMA. 298 (17): 2028-37. doi:10.1001/jama.298.17.2028. PMID 17986696.. ...
American recording artist CeCe Peniston entered the music industry as a backup vocalist on the Overweight Pooch's album Female ... Davis, Tonya (1991). Female Preacher (Liner Notes) (Compact Disc). Overweight Pooch. US: A&M Records. Lorber, Jeff (1994). West ... "Overweight Pooch featuring CeCe Peniston - US Dance - "I Like It". Billboard. March 11, 1995. Retrieved March 21, 2015. I Like ...
"Overweight Pooch > Chart History". Billboard. (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved September 23, 2010. "Overweight Pooch ... Back then, there was a female rapper [Overweight Pooch] who was on A&M, and I was asked to do some background vocals. I came ... Later, as it became clear that Peniston was leaping from the Overweight Pooch's album to the top of the charts, rumor had it ... But the Overweight Pooch's album flopped on the market, and A&M was the first major label for Delgado himself, who was facing ...
Born in Tamworth, New South Wales, she has authored the best selling books, Accidentally Overweight and Rushing Woman's ... Libby Weaver (2010). Accidentally Overweight. Little Green Frog Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0473181482. Libby Weaver(with Cynthia ...
"Overweight Imagination". Jimsteinman.com. Hung, Steffen. "swedishcharts.com - Jim Steinman - Bad For Good". "Rock and Roll ...
"Overweight & Obesity". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved August 4, 2015. "Antibiotic Resistance Lab Network ...
People who are obese tend to have more increased rates of depression than those who are not overweight. Research done at the ... "Adult Obesity Facts , Overweight & Obesity , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-11-18. "Compared with whites, Blacks ... Low income families are more vulnerable to becoming overweight and obese due to the low access of high quality, nutritious food ... Multiple academics cite that people who are overweight and obese have been treated differently in almost all aspects of their ...
"Childhood Obesity Facts , Overweight & Obesity , CDC". United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2018-08-14. ... "Obesity and overweight for professionals: Childhood: Basics". United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Singh GK, Kogan MD, van Dyck PC (July 2010). "Changes in state-specific childhood obesity and overweight prevalence in the ... Singh GK, Kogan MD, van Dyck PC (July 2010). "Changes in state-specific childhood obesity and overweight prevalence in the ...
Overweight in dogs, but not in cats, is related to overweight in their owners. Public Health Nutr. 2009-06, 13 (1): 1-5. PMID ... Obesity and Overweight (PDF). World Health Organization. [2009-02-22]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2017-07-13).. ... Obesity and overweight Fact sheet N°311. WHO. January 2015 [2 February 2016]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-22).. ... Global prevalence of overweight and obesity. [2016-09-04]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于
Nijland ML, Stam F, Seidell JC (2009). «Overweight in dogs, but not in cats, is related to overweight in their owners». Public ... Obesity and Overweight» (PDF). World Health Organization. Besøkt 22. februar 2009.. *^ a b Caballero B (2001). «Introduction. ... Satcher D (2001). The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity. U.S. Dept. of Health and ... Fumento, Michael (1997). The Fat of the Land: Our Health Crisis and How Overweight Americans Can Help Themselves. Penguin (Non- ...
... weight reduction in the overweight or obese; and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen.[6] ...
Gacy was an overweight and unathletic child. Because of a heart condition, he was told to avoid all sports at school.[2] During ...
Overweight or not[change , change source]. Health organisations, including the World Health Organisation (WHO), use the BMI to ... For example, in the United States in 2007, 74% of adults had a BMI above 25 (Overweight or Obese) and 27% of adults had a BMI ... Some experts think the Overweight range for people with Asian body types should be 23-27.49, not 25-29.99.[4] Some experts ... The old BMI definition of overweight was 27. This changed in 1998. ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and the GFDL; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details ...
Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016. The obesity rate is forecasted to rise to ... "Obesity and overweight". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2017-11-01. Finkelstein, Eric A.; Khavjou, Olga A.; Thompson, ... According to the World Health Organization, in 2016, more than 1.9 billion of adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of ... A 2006 clinical trial found that when over weight or obese adults replaced caloric beverages with water or noncaloric beverages ...
"Overweight and obesity". World Health Organization. Retrieved April 10, 2018. "Obesity and overweight". World Health ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Masand, Pratibha (25 October 2009). "Urban and overweight". The Times of India. TNN. ...
A survey done in the Marshall Islands revealed that the percentage of the total population considered overweight or obese was ... "The effect of sugar and processed food imports on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 172 countries". 14 April 2018. ... Streib, Lauren (2 August 2007). "Nauru: 94.5% overweight". Forbes.com. Retrieved 23 January 2013. "How mutton flaps are killing ...
Masand, Pratibha (25 October 2009). "Urban and overweight". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014 ...
Overweight children and overweight adolescents are targeted for social discrimination, and thus, they begin to stress-eat. The ... "Statistics related to overweight and obesity: Economic costs related to overweight and obesity". Weight-control Information ... Looking at the long-term consequences, overweight adolescents have a 70 percent chance of becoming overweight or obese adults, ... Archived from the original (PDF) on January 6, 2009.. Note: Defines "overweight" as BMI ≥25, "obese" as BMI ≥30 "Overweight and ...
In 2013, an estimated 2.1 billion adults were overweight, as compared with 857 million in 1980. Of adults who are overweight, ... Rates of overweight and obese adults increased 12.9% in 1991 to 27.3% in 2004. Overall rates of obesity are below 5% in China ... In 2002, 15% of children from 6 to 12 years of age were overweight; by gender, 15.5% of males and 14.4% of females were ... A female adolescent from the Bahamas is more likely to be overweight than her male counterpart. In Jamaica, 7.2% of men over ...
... the overweight Honda; while Dan Gurney's Eagle Weslake was beautiful, powerful and sleek, but often unreliable. Hayes concluded ...
... prevalence of overweight and obesity; how overweight and obesity is defined; calculate your BMI (for adults only); causes of ... Specific information on overweight and obesity is provided, including: ... About Overweight and Obesity. Specific information on overweight and obesity is provided, including: prevalence of overweight ... How overweight and obesity are defined. Adults. Overweight and obesity is measured at the population level for adults using the ...
An overweight person may worry about what others think. When people judge you unfairly, it can make you feel like its your ... If you are overweight, you may feel frustrated, angry, or upset. Being aware of difficult emotions is the first step in dealing ... For example, someone who thinks "I cant do this" or "Why bother, Ill always be overweight" may have a harder time losing ... Of course, not everyone who is overweight is worried or upset about it. Lots of us know confident, happy people who are ...
Eighty-six overweight subjects (Male:Female = 46:40, age: 20~50 yr, BMI > 23 < 29) were randomly assigned to three groups and ... Ten weeks of EGML or GCE supplementation did not promote weight-loss or lower total cholesterol in overweight individuals ... Inclusion criteria were overweight individuals with BMI , 23 and , 29. We used a lower BMI cut-off for overweight individuals ... Eighty-six overweight subjects (Male:Female = 46:40, age: 20~50 yr, BMI , 23 , 29) were randomly assigned to three groups and ...
Lemon detox diet reduced body fat, insulin resistance, and serum hs-CRP level without hematological changes in overweight ... and inflammatory markers in overweight Korean women before and after clinical intervention trial. Eighty-four premenopausal ...
Being overweight or fat is having more body fat than is optimally healthy. Being overweight is especially common where food ... The degree to which a person is overweight is generally described by the body mass index (BMI). Overweight is defined as a BMI ... Pre-obese and overweight however are often used interchangeably, thus giving overweight a common definition of a BMI of between ... Hispanics and blacks with a BMI of 25 or more as overweight. For Asians, overweight is a BMI between 23 and 29.9 and obesity ...
... refers to a stock in a fund managers portfolio that accounts for a larger space in the portfolio than it does in ... What is Overweight Overweight is a situation where an investment portfolio holds an excess amount of a particular security when ... BREAKING DOWN Overweight Securities will usually be overweight when a portfolio manager believes that the security will ... Another reason for overweighting a security in a portfolio is to hedge or reduce the risk from another overweight position. ...
... Kids Less Likely to Have Friends, Study Says. The study found kids who were overweight were more likely to be ... Trump, Who is Overweight, Loves to Talk About Weight. Though its usually a taboo topic, the president has made a habit of ... This Baby Is Shockingly and Mysteriously Overweight. Does Luis put a face on an obesity epidemic or on something much rarer? ... In 2014, cancers related to being overweight or obese accounted for 40 percent of all diagnoses for the disease. ...
Source: Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Severe Obesity Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 1960-1962 Through ... Source: Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Severe Obesity Among Children and Adolescents Aged 2-19 Years: United States, ... Percent of adults aged 20 and over with overweight, including obesity: 73.6% (2017-2018) ...
CDCs Obesity efforts focus on policy and environmental strategies to make healthy eating and active living accessible and affordable for everyone.
overweight (comparative more overweight, superlative most overweight) *(of a person) heavier than what is generally considered ... overweight (third-person singular simple present overweights, present participle overweighting, simple past and past participle ... Our portfolio is very overweight (in) Asian technology stocks.. Synonyms[edit]. *(of a person): fat, morbidly obese, obese, ... overweight (uncountable) *(chiefly transport, law, healthcare) An excess of weight. *1976, Acts of the Legislature of Louisiana ...
The Surgeon Generals Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesityexternal icon 2001. Both the prevention and ... Overweight and obesity are associated with at least 13 different types of cancer. ... Health Care Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Among Adults with Arthritis and Overweight or Obesity. May 2018 ... treatment of overweight and obesity and their associated health problems are important public health goals. ...
Overweight Permits Applications for overweight permits are available through the town office or may be downloaded below. Please ...
... plus the potential health implications of being overweight for you and your baby, and info on healthy eating. ... Find out how being very overweight can affect your fertility and your pregnancy, ... Overweight and pregnant. Being overweight when youre pregnant increases the risk of some complications such as gestational ... A BMI of 25 to 29.9 means youre overweight, and a BMI of 30 or above means youre very overweight, or obese. ...
Overweight. Your Weight and Your Risk. Being overweight raises your risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. It can ... Are You At Risk Lower Your Risk Small Steps for Your Health Overweight All About Cholesterol Physical Activity High Blood ... also increase risk of high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol and high blood glucose (sugar). If you are overweight, losing ...
Being overweight as a teen makes a person more likely to be overweight as an adult. In addition, many overweight teens are ... What Does it Mean to Be Overweight?. We see the words "overweight" and "obesity" a lot. You might use them yourself (maybe you ... When a doctor says a person is overweight or obese, its serious. Being overweight or obese increases the risk of health ... How Do Doctors Define Overweight?. Health care professionals use a measurement called body mass index (BMI) to figure out if a ...
to overweight from equal-weight on Monday. The analysts said despite negative industry sales trends, Deere stands to gain from ...
If youre overweight or obese, you have an increased risk for developing many common and not-so-common cancers, a research ... The link between overweight and obesity and colon cancer was stronger in men than in women; each 5-point increase in BMI was ... Overweight, Obesity Linked to Cancers. Study Shows High Body Mass Index Ups Risk of Common and Rare Cancers ... 14, 2008 -- If youre overweight or obese you have an increased risk for developing many common and not-so-common cancers, a ...
There is more evidence that people who are overweight tend to survive longer than people who are underweight, normal weight or ... Because being overweight is a risk factor for a host of chronic diseases, including heart disease and diabetes, one theory is ... Overweight People Get More Treatment. Being extremely underweight is considered a marker for poor health and frailty in older ... But it is less clear why those who are overweight would have a lower risk of death than those whose weight is considered normal ...
It found that people in the overweight category had a 6 percent lower chance of dying from various diseases than did people of ... overweight" - that is, having a BMI of 25 to 29.9, and not one of 30 or above.. How dangerous is being somewhere shy of obese? ... "overweight." The studies also stress that the risks associated with tilting the scales - to a greater or lesser degree - have ... "nearly 40 percent of the deaths related to high BMI occur among the people who were overweight, but not obese." The causes of ...
Exercise is just as important as providing a balanced, calorie-controlled diet for safe weight loss. So, when designing and incorporating an exercise plan, check out these few things to consider.. ...
The reality is that hunger and being overweight are linked and it affects millions of children and adults, and this paradox of ... The Hungry and Overweight Paradox Reviewed by Taylor Wolfram, MS, RDN, LDN Published February 5, 2019 ... The reality is that hunger and being overweight are linked and it affects millions of children and adults. ... This can lead to overweight children who lack the healthy, nutrient-rich food their bodies need. ...
2007 and 2003 and 50-state charts of childhood obesity data for both childhood overweight and obesity for 10-17 year olds for ... 2007 Rates of Obese and Overweight Children. * Obesity is defined as body mass index (BMI) at or above the 95th percentile of ... Children with BMI between the 85th and 95th percentile are classified as overweight. BMI is calculated as weight in kilograms ... Retrieved 12/01/2009 from http://mchb.hrsa.gov/overweight/state.htm. ...
And a growing number of Americans are not just overweight, butobese, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. ... More than a third of adults, 35 percent, are slightly ormoderately overweight, up from 33 percent in the last survey, ... The first such survey, which covered 1960 to 1962, found thatonly 43 percent of the population was overweight. Beginning in ... More than a quarter of Americans, 26 percent, areconsidered obese, or grossly overweight, compared with 23 percentin the last ...
Id like to call attention to a new cartoonist who recently joined us -Canadian Guy Parsons. Guy joined Cagle. com and our PoliticalCartoons. com store. He has.. ... ...
Hong Kong-based analyst Tim Storey said J.P. Morgan initiated coverage on China Mobile CHL, -0.90% (0941) with an overweight ... Storey said J.P. Morgans sector view is overweight, and initiated coverage with a neutral rating on China Netcom CN, -2.25 ...
An overweight person may not have the high disease risks we once thought. ... Read new information about how being overweight doesnt mean youre unhealthy. ... People who are overweight have a fifty-fifty chance of having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or elevated blood sugar ... Being overweight doesnt necessarily make you unhealthy, according to researchers in both the United States and Germany. Sports ...
People should be cautions about using two new weight-loss drugs because its not clear whether they increase the risk for heart problems, some doctors argue. In 2012, the Food and Drug Administration approved two weight-loss drugs: lorcaserin hydrochloride (brand name Belviq, manufactured by Eisai
... overweight patients compared with those in the normal weight range, according to a retrospective database analysis. (Ruyun J ... Overweight Mild obesity Moderate obesity Extreme obesity Defining BMI range (kg/m2) ,18.5. 18.5-24.9. 25-29.9. 30-34.9. 35-39.9 ... "You might not want to be overweight to live as long as you possibly can, but being a little overweight does not hurt, at all, ... "overweight" patients may fare the best, according to a multivariate analysis of a large CABG database[1]. ...
Scientists are learning more about why obese people are at risk for certain types of cancer. Bacteria in the digestive system might have something to do with it.
  • Based on where your number plots on the chart, the doctor will decide if your BMI is in the underweight, healthy weight, overweight, or obese range. (kidshealth.org)
  • June 25, 2009 -- There is more evidence that people who are overweight tend to live longer than people who are underweight, normal weight, or obese. (webmd.com)
  • BMI, which is a measure of body fat based on a person's height and weight, is used to classify people into weight categories -- underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese. (webmd.com)
  • Dallas, TX - Increased body mass index (BMI) isn't a significant risk factor for in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, but "underweight" patients seem to have the highest risk while somewhat "overweight" patients may fare the best, according to a multivariate analysis of a large CABG database [ 1 ] . (medscape.com)
  • But these days, being overweight is more common than being underweight. (kidshealth.org)
  • Scientists from the CDC had already reported back in 2000 using data from national surveys, that risk of death from all causes was significantly lower in overweight people compared to normal weight, and significantly higher in the underweight and obese. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Being obese was linked significantly to increased rate of death from cardiovascular disease (CVD), being underweight was primarily linked to increased risk of death from non-cancer, non-CVD causes, and being overweight was linked to increased risk of death from diabetes and kidney disease together, but with reduced risk of death from other non-cancer, non-CVD causes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Using records from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and cause of death records for adults aged 25 and over during 2004, the researchers estimated the cause-specific excess deaths linked with underweight ( BMI lower than 18.5), overweight (BMI 25 to under 30) and obesity (BMI 30 and over). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Underweight stocks and overweight bonds for the first time since 2000, with planned policy changes fully factored into valuations, a conservative investment firm advises. (humanevents.com)
  • Baltimore-based investment firm T. Rowe Price is advising investors to underweight stocks and overweight bonds for the first time since 2000. (humanevents.com)
  • Investigators have now confirmed that the risk of total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and myocardial infarction is highest among underweight patients, while cardiovascular mortality is lowest among overweight patients, according to two reports published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings . (elsevier.com)
  • When compared to results from 1995, using the same measure, the proportion of adults classified as overweight or obese has increased substantially. (health.gov.au)
  • An Australian study into children's health and lifestyles has found that tall pre-pubescent children are being incorrectly classified as overweight or obese. (topnews.in)
  • Currently more than two-thirds of adult Americans are classified as overweight or obese. (elsevier.com)
  • A BMI of 25 to 29.9 means you're overweight, and a BMI of 30 or above means you're very overweight, or obese. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Rather, the studies generally suggest that people with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 -- which is considered overweight but not obese -- have a survival advantage over people with higher or lower BMIs. (webmd.com)
  • Those classified as overweight with BMI 25-29.9 were 17% less likely to die. (webmd.com)
  • By slicing and dicing the numbers, the study's authors concluded that "conventional studies probably underestimate the adverse population health consequences of [being] overweight" - that is, having a BMI of 25 to 29.9, and not one of 30 or above. (aarp.org)
  • It found that people in the overweight category had a 6 percent lower chance of dying from various diseases than did people of normal weight, making a BMI between 25 and 29.9 suddenly appear like some newly discovered weight/health sweet spot. (aarp.org)
  • A body-mass index of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, whileobesity is 30 or higher. (go.com)
  • Overweight is defined as a body mass index of 25 to 29.9, which would be 146 to 174 pounds for someone 5 feet 4 inches. (yahoo.com)
  • They cite studies showing that people in the overweight category-or those with a BMI from 25 to 29.9-actually have better survival rates in some situations than their normal-weight counterparts, a finding known as the "obesity paradox. (wsj.com)
  • More important, the overweight people, or those with BMIs between 25 and 29.9, had the lowest mortality and a significant 6% lower mortality than the normal BMI subjects, according to the researchers, who analyzed 97 studies involving nearly 2.9 million adults. (wsj.com)
  • As of 2003 [update] , excess weight reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults being either overweight or obese . (wikipedia.org)
  • The obesity epidemic is global: 2.1 billion people, or about 29% of the world's population, were either overweight or obese in 2013, and nearly two out of three of the obese live in developing countries, according to a study released Thursday . (wsj.com)
  • The debate is a critical one when you consider that about two-thirds of U.S. adults are classified as either overweight or obese, meaning they have a body-mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of 25 or higher. (wsj.com)
  • However, this is far from the case in the U.S., where nearly three out of four adults are classified as either overweight or obese. (wsj.com)
  • According to a 2004 study , 44 percent of all physicians in the United States are either overweight or obese. (philly.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommend that you calculate your child's body mass index (BMI) - an indicator of body fat based on weight and height that can help you assess whether your child is overweight or obese. (whattoexpect.com)
  • To determine if a child is overweight or obese, experts compare BMI levels of children at the same age to each other. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Being overweight as a teen makes a person more likely to be overweight as an adult. (kidshealth.org)
  • Being overweight for long periods as an adult significantly increased the incidence of all obesity-related cancers by 7 percent. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Out of all included study participants, 40 percent were never overweight, and 60 percent were overweight for some time during their adult life, almost half of whom were also obese at some point. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study found that being overweight for a longer duration as an adult significantly increased the incidence of all obesity-related cancers by 7 percent for every 10-year increase in overweight adulthood period. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • More than two-thirds of the adult population in the U.S. is overweight or obese. (wsj.com)
  • Being an overweight toddler can set your child up to become an overweight adult, and that can put him at increased risk for all kinds of medical problems, including heart disease, diabetes and cancer. (whattoexpect.com)
  • The United States leads all industrialized countries with 78.6 percent of the adult population overweight, although Micronesia and Polynesia top all countries. (worldwatch.org)
  • The rates of overweight and Obesity amongst adults have doubled over the past two decades with Australia now being ranked as one of the fattest developed nations. (health.gov.au)
  • These figures suggest that since 1995, the rates of overweight within each age category have remained relatively consistent, however the rates of obesity have increased. (health.gov.au)
  • This is the first generation of teenagers to have high enough rates of overweight and obesity that doctors needed to look for the condition, said the study leader, Dr Oyekoya Ayonrinde. (smh.com.au)
  • But though eco-friendly alternatives showed different microbiota and lower levels of the bacteria Enterobacteriaceae , plus lower rates of overweight children, study authors didn't provide a link between the altered gut microbiota and reduced childhood obesity or overweight risk. (ajc.com)
  • A number of complex factors contribute to the higher rates of overweight and obesity among this population, including environmental, socioeconomic and cultural factors. (rwjf.org)
  • Overweight and obesity is measured at the population level for adults using the Body Mass Index (BMI) which is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres squared. (health.gov.au)
  • Ten weeks of EGML or GCE supplementation did not promote weight-loss or lower total cholesterol in overweight individuals consuming their habitual diet. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Overweight is a situation where an investment portfolio holds an excess amount of a particular security when compared to the security's weight in the underlying benchmark portfolio. (investopedia.com)
  • An example of having a security being overweight in an investment portfolio would be when a portfolio normally holds a security at a weight of 15% but the security's weight is raised to 25% in an attempt to increase the return of the portfolio. (investopedia.com)
  • If, however, stock B has a 0.1% weight in the S&P 500, then it would effectively become overweight in the equal-weighted portfolio with a weight of 0.2% to make its weight equal with the other 499 stocks in the portfolio. (investopedia.com)
  • Before you get pregnant, you can use the BMI (body mass index)healthy weight calculator to work out if you are overweight. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you are overweight, the best way to protect your health and your baby's wellbeing is to lose weight before you become pregnant. (www.nhs.uk)
  • By reaching a healthy weight, you increase your chances of conceiving naturally and reduce your risk of the problems associated with being overweight in pregnancy. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you get pregnant before losing weight, try not to worry - most women who are overweight have a straightforward pregnancy and birth, and have healthy babies. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you are very overweight (usually defined as having a BMI of 30 or above) and pregnant, don't try to lose weight during your pregnancy, as this may not be safe. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you are overweight, losing weight may help you prevent and manage these conditions. (diabetes.org)
  • NEW YORK (MarketWatch) - Investors have focused on what could go wrong with farm equipment makers, not with what could go right, according to Morgan Stanley, in upgrading upgraded Deere & Co. to overweight from equal-weight on Monday. (marketwatch.com)
  • A BMI of 18.5 to below 25 is considered normal weight, while 25 to just under 30 is considered overweight, but not obese. (webmd.com)
  • People who were overweight , but not obese, actually lived longer than people whose weight was considered normal, based on body mass index (BMI). (webmd.com)
  • But it is less clear why those who are overweight would have a lower risk of death than those whose weight is considered normal. (webmd.com)
  • We tend to be quicker to prescribe statins (to lower cholesterol ) and drugs to control blood pressure to patients who are overweight and we are more likely to screen them for diabetes," says weight management expert Keith Bachman, MD. (webmd.com)
  • Your body mass index (BMI) is an estimate of your body fat that is based on your height and weight and helps doctors determine whether you are overweight or obese. (aarp.org)
  • The causes of those deaths, he explains, range from heart disease to diabetes to cancer, and the "magnitude of evidence" linking them to weight "is so overwhelming and compelling that we can't make the statement that being overweight is healthy. (aarp.org)
  • Weight loss clinics, gyms and fitness centers, liposuction , and gastric bypass surgeries all were based at least partly on the presumption that being overweight equaled being at risk for heart disease and diabetes . (medicinenet.com)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Overweight and obese men in a new study showed diminished quantity and quality of semen, suggesting that a weight problem might also affect fertility, researchers say. (reuters.com)
  • The researchers compared normal-weight people with otherwise similar people of the same age and sex who were overweight or obese, as defined by BMI (body mass index) a measure of weight relative to height. (usatoday.com)
  • This and related headlines come from a large review of previous research that found that those categorised as overweight were around 6% less likely to have died by the end of a study than those of a healthy weight. (www.nhs.uk)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - Patients with type-2 diabetes who are overweight but not obese outlive diabetics of normal weight, scientists reported on Monday, in another example of the "obesity paradox. (yahoo.com)
  • Although public health officials issue dire warnings about the consequences of overweight, and employers are pressuring workers to slim down via "wellness programs," the relationship between weight and longevity is paradoxical: Studies show that although obesity increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), overweight patients with CVD live longer than patients of normal weight. (yahoo.com)
  • Although overweight and obese patients had an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes, they were more likely to stay alive than normal-weight diabetics, the researchers reported in Annals of Internal Medicine. (yahoo.com)
  • Overweight patients had the best survival, being 13 percent less likely to die than normal-weight or obese diabetics. (yahoo.com)
  • It's likely those diabetic patients with normal weight have a more aggressive form of type-2 diabetes compared to those who are overweight and obese," Costanzo said. (yahoo.com)
  • To investigate social networks of overweight and normal-weight adolescents in a large, nationally representative sample. (nih.gov)
  • Overweight adolescents were more likely to be socially isolated and to be peripheral to social networks than were normal-weight adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • 001) were associated with significantly more friendship nominations and higher network centrality scores among both overweight and normal-weight adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • By 2002, 62 percent of adults were overweight, based on their body mass index of height and weight, and more than 30 percent were considered obese, according to federal health data. (organicconsumers.org)
  • A new US study suggests that while the link between weight and causes of death varies considerably, being modestly overweight may actually lower death risk in a number of circumstances by providing the body with essential nutritional reserves during recovery from illness and major operations. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Parents of overweight kids may believe that criticism will motivate them to lose weight, but the opposite is true: Too many disparaging remarks can drive kids to binge eating and avoidance of exercise. (familyeducation.com)
  • The current study did not look at weight loss, so it's not possible to tell whether the increased fat-burning seen in overweight participants would translate into fewer pounds over time, Batterham said. (reuters.com)
  • The average age was 40 years, eight subjects were overweight, six subjects had a normal weight, and four were obese. (reuters.com)
  • The authors note that to date, most studies that have explored the relationship between excess weight and cancer risk have observed cross-sectional exposure information - such as height and weight measured at one point in time - on overweight and obesity. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • After adjusting for the intensity of overweight - how overweight individuals were - these figures rose to 8 percent for postmenopausal breast cancer and 37 percent for endometrial cancer for every 10 years spent with BMI ten units above normal weight. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Among pregnant women who did not develop gestational diabetes, overweight women were 65 percent more likely, and obese women 163 percent more likely, to have overly large babies than their healthy weight counterparts. (redorbit.com)
  • It's possible that a large percentage of these problems may be prevented by helping overweight or obese women lose weight before they become pregnant or control their weight gain during pregnancy. (redorbit.com)
  • A CDC study found that only 23 percent of overweight kids know they're at an unhealthy weight. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Only 23 percent of overweight children knew they were heavier than was healthy, and 41 percent of obese respondents thought their weight was about right. (thedailybeast.com)
  • When overweight children are roughly similar in appearance to many of their peers, it takes someone telling them their weight is unhealthy for them to realize it. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Youth friendships appear to be influenced by visual appearance as researchers discover overweight young people are more likely to be rejected as friends by peers who are of normal weight. (psychcentral.com)
  • However, overweight kids are mostly indifferent to the weight status of their friends. (psychcentral.com)
  • As a consequence, overweight youth have one fewer friend, on average, than normal weight young people. (psychcentral.com)
  • The vast majority of parents with overweight children do not realise that their child needs to lose weight, new research has found. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • A government poll found that just 11.5 per cent of parents with overweight or obese children recognise their youngster's weight problem, with many fuelling the issue by rewarding good behaviour with unhealthy snacks. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The next part of the weight issue is sometimes more discouraging than "simply being overweight. (aish.com)
  • Sometimes, an overweight person will diet, lose weight and feel good about him/herself -- and then become discouraged when the weight loss fails to produce more positive dating results. (aish.com)
  • Although overweight children, on average, listed as many people in the friend category as children with healthy weight, they were 1.7 times more likely to be disliked and 1.2 times more likely to dislike their peers. (psychcentral.com)
  • He did, however, offer Livingston, a mother of three who acknowledged being overweight - even obese - in her four-minute, on-air editorial address Tuesday morning in which she also called Krause a "bully," help in losing weight. (yahoo.com)
  • Women who are overweight while pregnant are more likely to have babies who are biologically older than those born to women of a healthy weight. (newscientist.com)
  • The telomeres of babies born to overweight women were around 2.5 per cent shorter than those whose mothers were a healthy weight, while those born to obese women had telomeres 5.5 per cent shorter than the babies of mothers with a healthy BMI. (newscientist.com)
  • Competing for cash prizes motivates overweight employees to participate and to lose weight by cutting calories and increasing exercise," says Ryan Beckland, co-founder of Scale Down Challenge. (prweb.com)
  • say the founders of Scale Down Challenge, http://www.ScaleDownChallenge.com , a start-up company with a solution that actually gets overweight employees excited about losing weight. (prweb.com)
  • Could an overweight physician convince you to lose weight? (philly.com)
  • A few mothers of overweight and normal weight kids - 4% and 21% - said they wished their children were one or more silhouette categories larger. (latimes.com)
  • The answer is simple: because -- despite two-thirds of Americans being overweight or obese -- 'The majority of Americans say their weight is 'about right,' as they have typically responded over the past 20 years. (foxnews.com)
  • That study also found that, contrary to most women thinking they are too fat, only 16 percent of normal-weight women in the study perceived themselves as overweight. (foxnews.com)
  • The firm said it boosted its rating on INTC from "Equal-weight" to "Overweight" with a $26 price target. (nasdaq.com)
  • One explanation may be that overweight patients are more likely to be prescribed cardioprotective medications such as beta blockers and statins and in higher doses than the normal weight population. (elsevier.com)
  • According to lead researcher Xianchen Liu and his colleagues, in just 30 years the obesity rate has tripled among children aged 6 to 11 years, with about 17 percent of U. S. adolescents becoming overweight or obese. (topnews.in)
  • If someone is at or above the 85th percentile line on the chart (but less than the 95th percentile), doctors consider that person overweight. (kidshealth.org)
  • Children with BMI between the 85th and 95th percentile are classified as overweight. (ncsl.org)
  • If he falls at or above the 85th percentile he's overweight, and if he's at the 95th percentile or above he's considered obese. (whattoexpect.com)
  • According to another recent research report , physicians who are overweight are less likely to diagnose obesity in their patients or to offer counseling for it. (philly.com)
  • Not having or losing friends is associated with higher depression and lower self-worth for young people, which could exacerbate the health problems associated with being overweight. (psychcentral.com)
  • Around 20-25% of Australian children in 1995, aged 7-15 years were considered to be overweight or obese. (health.gov.au)
  • For children and adolescents, Australian standard definitions for measuring overweight and obesity at the population level were endorsed in December 2002 for inclusion in the 12th edition of the National Health Data Dictionary. (health.gov.au)
  • Nearly a third of children are overweight, and 17 percent are technically obese. (newsweek.com)
  • The reality is that hunger and being overweight are linked and it affects millions of children and adults. (eatright.org)
  • This can lead to overweight children who lack the healthy, nutrient-rich food their bodies need. (eatright.org)
  • Research shows the majority of adults in New York City are overweight or obese and the statistics for children aren't much rosier. (wfuv.org)
  • Social marginalization of overweight children. (nih.gov)
  • Overweight is the most common health problem that faces children and adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Although the correlation among overweight, low self-esteem, and depression is well known, social isolation among overweight children and adolescents has not been studied. (nih.gov)
  • Melbourne, Sept 29: The current system of Body Mass Index (BMI) is biased among young children, and may categorize tall pre-pubescent children as overweight or obese, according to a new study. (topnews.in)
  • The prevalence of overweight and obese people rose by 27.5% for adults and 47.1% for children between 1980 and 2013, according to the study, led by researchers at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington and published Thursday in the journal the Lancet. (wsj.com)
  • For children of overweight and obese women, the risks include an increased likelihood of having an excessive amount of body fat and being overweight or obese themselves, which can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease and type 2 diabetes later in life. (redorbit.com)
  • By 38 months of age, children exposed to antibiotics had a 22 percent greater likelihood of being overweight. (upi.com)
  • Overweight children are approximately five times more likely to be obese or overweight as adults, increasing risk for chronic diseases and health issues like diabetes, hypertension and obesity-related cancers. (ajc.com)
  • Given that more than a third of American children and adolescents are now overweight or obese, with obesity rates for children doubling and for adolescents quadrupling over the past 30 years, it's a subject I know I have to tackle. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Though the study does not report on the reasons for the rate of body status misperception among overweight children, I strongly suspect it's that those conversations simply aren't happening. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The National Health Survey also indicated that almost one quarter (24.9%) of children aged 5-17 years were overweight or obese in 2017-18 (17% overweight and 8.1% obese). (health.gov.au)
  • New research finds that overweight children have less friends and are involved in fewer social groups than their thinner counterparts. (psychcentral.com)
  • Among the 504 preteens surveyed, researchers found overweight children are excluded from friendships, call classmates friends when the feeling is not mutual, and are disliked by peers. (psychcentral.com)
  • Moreover, overweight children dislike more classmates than their thinner peers. (psychcentral.com)
  • These combined tendencies indicate that overweight children are generally involved in more unreciprocated friendships and mutual frenemy relationships, de la Haye said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Worldwide, childhood obesity increased by 31 percent in a little over two decades with about 42 million overweight or obese children in 2013, according to the World Health Organization. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers believe that isolation can create a vicious cycle for overweight children. (psychcentral.com)
  • Unfortunately, it seems overweight children tend to have fewer friends and be friends with less popular kids who also tend to be overweight, de la Haye said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Overweight people may already have shorter telomeres, something they may pass on to their children via their genes, rather than through the placenta, she says. (newscientist.com)
  • Evidence shows us that there are more overweight children now and more overweight infants and toddlers than there were 20 or 30 years ago," says dietitian Keith Ayoob . (cnn.com)
  • Overweight or obesity was stronger for Latino children than for White or Black children living in a household with income below 150 percent of the federal poverty level. (rwjf.org)
  • Even though the prevalence in more developed countries seems to be plateauing, overweight in children is a major cause of adverse health consequences such as cardiovascular disease, asthma and type 2 diabetes . (medscape.com)
  • Children who were overweight at age 6 months were four times (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.91 to 5.78) more likely than their thinner peers to be overweight at the 5- to 6-year mark. (medscape.com)
  • By 5 to 6 years of age, overweight children made up 10.1% of those who had been breast-fed, and 11.2% of those in the formula or mixed feeding groups, which again was not a statistically significant difference. (medscape.com)
  • Because of its high prevalence (33%), being overweight has become the norm for too many children and parents," Perrin wrote. (latimes.com)
  • If a child's BMI is higher than 85% (85 out of 100) of other children their age and sex, they are considered at risk of being overweight. (medlineplus.gov)
  • CDC researchers found the same thing in a widely reported study published in 2005, and last month a separate group of investigators reported that overweight heart patients live longer than lean ones. (webmd.com)
  • Being overweight doesn't necessarily make you unhealthy, according to researchers in both the United States and Germany. (medicinenet.com)
  • AUSTRALIAN teenagers are becoming so overweight they are doing the type of damage to their livers that would normally be seen in older alcoholics, researchers have found. (smh.com.au)
  • The researchers discovered a condition called fatty liver disease, which is normally found in older people who are overweight or obese, heavy drinkers, or have chronic conditions such as hepatitis, in about 13 per cent of the 17-year-olds they tested. (smh.com.au)
  • NEW YORK, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- Very young infants, who were treated with antibiotics may predispose them to being overweight in later in childhood, U.S. researchers suggest. (upi.com)
  • These researchers suggest several areas for future research to identify links between nutrition, physical activity, overweight and obesity among Latino youth. (rwjf.org)
  • The researchers tested 50 participants aged 18-35, with body mass indexes (BMIs) ranging from 18 through to 51 - a BMI of 18-25 is considered healthy, 25-30 overweight, and over 30 obese. (cam.ac.uk)
  • This was a small, preliminary study and so the researchers caution that further research will be necessary to establish whether the results of this study can be generalised to overweight individuals in general, and to episodic memory in everyday life rather than in experimental conditions. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Two of these concerns are the " healthy obesity " and "fat but fit" monikers that researchers say do overweight and obese individuals a disservice for their health and future. (healthline.com)
  • Both the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity and their associated health problems are important public health goals. (cdc.gov)
  • Being overweight or obese increases the risk of health problems like diabetes and high blood pressure . (kidshealth.org)
  • Health care professionals use a measurement called body mass index (BMI) to figure out if a person is overweight. (kidshealth.org)
  • But being overweight or obese can lead to health problems, both physical and emotional. (kidshealth.org)
  • In a paper released this fall in the New England Journal of Medicine , Ashkan Afshin, a physician and assistant professor of global health at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, found that "nearly 40 percent of the deaths related to high BMI occur among the people who were overweight, but not obese. (aarp.org)
  • People have negative stereotypes about the overweight, and think that a lack of health or stamina will negatively impact performance. (businessinsider.com)
  • So stock up on the pork pies, loosen your gastric band and prepare yourself for the five most surprising health benefits of being overweight. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Overweight or obese kids have a greater chance of getting diabetes and other health problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • Even being 'just' overweight can increase the chance of developing long-term health conditions, which while may not be fatal, can make life a lot less enjoyable. (www.nhs.uk)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Higher-protein meals may help overweight and obese people burn more fat, the results of a small study suggest. (reuters.com)
  • Are There Health Benefits to Being Overweight? (wsj.com)
  • In fact, being out of physical shape and having low overall fitness is actually a far greater danger to health than fat, especially in people who are only slightly overweight. (wsj.com)
  • In 2017-18, the Australian Bureau of Statistics' National Health Survey showed that two thirds (67.0%) of Australian adults were overweight or obese (12.5 million people), an increase from 63.4% in 2014-15. (health.gov.au)
  • (Health.com) -- It's shocking, but it's true: Being a woman who's more than 20 pounds overweight may actually hike your risk of getting poor medical treatment. (cnn.com)
  • Comorbid conditions associated with being overweight or obese can have serious effects on an individual's health, and indeed, the health system of the nation. (aafp.org)
  • No mom wants to believe her child is overweight, but if your toddler is heavy, there are steps you can take to pare down the pounds and improve his health. (whattoexpect.com)
  • In 2015, according to New York State Department of Health, 56 percent to 65 percent of adults on the Island were overweight or obese. (newsday.com)
  • That may explain why the story focuses on the problems being overweight causes for women, as if overweight men didn't experience any issues with obtaining adequate health care. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A waist circumference greater than 35 inches in women and greater than 40 inches in men could not only determine overweight status but put a hard-and-fast number on one's health," she told Healthline. (healthline.com)
  • More than a quarter of Americans, 26 percent, areconsidered obese, or grossly overweight, compared with 23 percentin the last survey. (go.com)
  • Bassos says he was forced to twist and contort his body to avoid touching the "grossly overweight" passenger, who was spilling into Bassos' side of the dividing armrest. (nypost.com)
  • The study found kids who were overweight were more likely to be ostracized by their slimmer classmates. (newsweek.com)
  • A new study suggests a fifth of people living on earth could be severely overweight by 2025. (newsweek.com)
  • According to a recent study from the Center for Creative Leadership written up in The Wall Street Journal , people think overweight executives are less effective at interpersonal relationships in the office, have poorer job performance, and less leadership ability. (businessinsider.com)
  • Controlling blood pressure helps to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke in overweight and obese people, according to a new study. (usatoday.com)
  • Overweight and obese people could slash their increased risk of heart disease by half and their increased risk of stroke by three quarters by controlling their blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar, a big new international study suggests. (usatoday.com)
  • The aim of the study was to look at how much of the increased heart and stroke risk was explained by those risk factors - rather than something else about being overweight or obese. (usatoday.com)
  • The bottom line from this study was that being obese (all categories combined) increased the chance of dying compared to those with a normal BMI, although this was not the case for overweight individuals (BMI of between 25 and 29) or the lowest category of obesity (grade 1) on its own. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Overweight drivers and passengers are responsible for cars on U.S. roads burning about 1 billion additional gallons of gasoline each year, according to a new study. (organicconsumers.org)
  • According to a longitudinal study published in PLOS Medicine , the longer the duration a woman is overweight or obese, the more at risk they become for several forms of cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The aim of the new study was to assess the impact of adulthood overweight and obesity duration on the risk of cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The increases in overweight and obese people "have been substantial, widespread, and have arisen over a short time," said the study, which analyzed data that included the heights and weights of people in 183 countries. (wsj.com)
  • Long-term implications of the study include considering ramifications of social marginalization for prevention and intervention strategies that support the emotional development of overweight youth," Simpkins said. (psychcentral.com)
  • This social environment characterized by fewer friendships and more antipathies is likely to put overweight youth at increased risk for psychosocial maladjustment," the study stated. (psychcentral.com)
  • Exclusive breast-feeding for the first 3 months of life did not change children's risk of becoming overweight by age 5 to 6 years in a population-based prospective birth cohort study from the Netherlands. (medscape.com)
  • According to a 2010 research study , nearly 40 percent of overweight women believe themselves to be thinner than they really are. (foxnews.com)
  • A British study found that less than 10 percent or less of obese people in Britain know they are overweight. (healthline.com)
  • It may, because intake is regulated, help decrease the risk of overweight. (medscape.com)
  • The degree to which a person is overweight is generally described by the body mass index (BMI). (wikipedia.org)
  • When a doctor says a person is overweight or obese, it's serious. (kidshealth.org)
  • Being overweight when you're pregnant increases the risk of some complications such as gestational diabetes. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Being overweight increases the risk of complications for pregnant women and their babies. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Many overweight adolescents are socially marginalized. (nih.gov)
  • Being Overweight Doesn't Mean You're Unhealthy! (medicinenet.com)
  • Many overweight or mildly obese individuals can have normal blood glucose levels, lipid profiles and blood pressure, and if these people are physically active and have a good level of fitness, substantial evidence indicates that they can be extremely healthy-more so than lean individuals who are unfit or metabolically unhealthy. (wsj.com)
  • In the 8 hours after the control meal, the investigators found that overweight and obese participants burned less fat than their thinner counterparts did. (reuters.com)
  • About 16 percent of the participants were overweight. (psychcentral.com)
  • Although the report did not discuss biological mechanisms that might be behind any protective effect in patients who are moderately overweight, Jin and Grunkemeier proposed one possibility when interviewed. (medscape.com)
  • In 2014, cancers related to being overweight or obese accounted for 40 percent of all diagnoses for the disease. (newsweek.com)
  • Feb. 14, 2008 -- If you're overweight or obese you have an increased risk for developing many common and not-so-common cancers, a research analysis shows. (webmd.com)
  • The first was recently published in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Report (MMWR) and determined that in 2014, 40% of all cancers in the U.S. are obesity- or overweight-related cancers. (forbes.com)
  • Around two thirds of the included women were overweight or obese, and 6,301 obesity-related cancers were diagnosed during a mean follow-up of 12.6 years. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • He got as far as the first weigh station, where troopers found his truck to be overweight and threatened to pull him off the road. (wiktionary.org)
  • The first such survey, which covered 1960 to 1962, found thatonly 43 percent of the population was overweight. (go.com)
  • They found that overweight men and women burned more post-meal fat when they ate a high-protein breakfast and lunch than when they had lower-protein meals. (reuters.com)
  • A report released on Tuesday, found that 69% of men in Northern Ireland are overweight or obese compared to 57% of women. (bbc.co.uk)
  • We found consistent evidence that overweight youth choose non-overweight friends more often than they were selected in return," said David R. Schaefer, Ph.D. (psychcentral.com)
  • More than half a million aged 50-71 have found an increase of 20-40 percent in death rates among those who were overweight midlife. (lifehack.org)
  • Further, obese and overweight patients have been found to have large coronary vessel damage, which might contribute to more favorable outcomes. (elsevier.com)
  • Overweight kids might find it hard to get around and keep up with friends on the playground. (kidshealth.org)
  • Twenty percent of kids are overweight, and statistics show that most will become overweight adults. (familyeducation.com)
  • Are household disinfectants making kids overweight? (ajc.com)
  • However, overweight kids typically were considered a friend by just four classmates and were disliked by three. (psychcentral.com)
  • And it's important to note that some kids who are muscular tend to have high BMIs without being overweight. (whattoexpect.com)
  • And most - including all of the misperceiving moms with kids who were overweight - thought their kids were too small, not too big. (latimes.com)
  • Kids in the 85thpercentile or higher were overweight. (latimes.com)
  • Among the mothers with overweight toddlers, 94% were wrong about their children's size - all of them believing the kids were smaller than they actually were. (latimes.com)
  • These results suggest that overweight youth often reach out to non-overweight peers for friendship, but are sometimes rebuffed in those efforts. (psychcentral.com)
  • As a consequence, overweight youth may turn to overweight peers for friendship. (psychcentral.com)
  • Overweight young adults may have poorer episodic memory - the ability to recall past events - than their peers, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge, adding to increasing evidence of a link between memory and overeating. (cam.ac.uk)
  • We can't deny the fact that people who are not overweight will have it easier and heavier people will have more difficulty attracting potential dates. (aish.com)
  • Lemon detox diet reduced body fat, insulin resistance, and serum hs-CRP level without hematological changes in overweight Korean women. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated anthropometric indices, insulin sensitivity, levels of serum adipokines, and inflammatory markers in overweight Korean women before and after clinical intervention trial. (nih.gov)
  • Obesity and being overweight is a risk factor for breast cancer in post-meopausal women. (forbes.com)
  • Today, it said, 36.9% of the world's men and 38% of women are overweight or obese. (wsj.com)
  • Sixty percent of these women were overweight or obese and 19 percent developed gestational diabetes. (redorbit.com)
  • With nearly 70 million American women who are considered overweight, the implications of this new information is disturbing, to say the least. (cnn.com)
  • And we see this category of abuse (not overweight torsos per se, but "pretty women" or salacious/genderist titles, blogs, comments, pictures, etc.) quite frequently in science blogs. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Because of the high prevalence of coronary heart disease (CAD), overweight and obese patients more frequently undergo revascularization procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). (elsevier.com)
  • On a regional level, the correlation between income and being overweight holds reasonably well. (worldwatch.org)
  • A comparison of percentages of people overweight in all countries and their GDPs reveals a positive but weak correlation, with cultural, societal, and possibly genetic factors playing heavily into the mix. (worldwatch.org)
  • And a growing number of Americans are not just overweight, butobese, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. (go.com)
  • So, will these penalties help prevent the obesity epidemic, or just exacerbate the stigma that overweight Americans feel already? (thestreet.com)
  • Almost half of Americans (48%) still don't realize that obesity or being overweight increases your risk of cancer, according to a survey by the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) . (forbes.com)
  • Such isolation may aggravate the social and emotional consequences of overweight in this age group. (nih.gov)
  • In the last decades the prevalence of childhood overweight has increased substantially. (medscape.com)
  • In 2004-05, some 41% of males and 25% of females were classified as overweight (Body Mass Index of between 25.0 and 30.0). (health.gov.au)
  • There is generally very little sympathy for the overweight, and damaging stereotypes are pervasive. (familyeducation.com)
  • The findings have meaning for a majority of adults in the USA: About two-thirds are overweight or obese , according the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (usatoday.com)
  • Some evidence suggests that modestly higher weights may improve survival in a number of circumstances, which may partly explain our findings regarding overweight. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Such findings may be due to greater nutritional reserves or higher lean body mass associated with overweight," they added. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • He told the BBC News website: "The controversial side is the observation that overweight and obese people have a lower risk of dementia than people with a normal, healthy body mass index. (bbc.co.uk)
  • That's why doctors use something called body mass index , or BMI, to help decide if a kid is overweight. (kidshealth.org)
  • The most common way to find out whether you're overweight or obese is to figure out your body mass index (BMI). (smartdraw.com)
  • Most of them - more than 70% - were overweight or obese, with a body mass index of 25 or more. (latimes.com)
  • Overweight" is defined as people with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or greater. (worldwatch.org)