Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Narrowing of the spinal canal.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
The status of health in rural populations.
Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
The status of health in urban populations.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.
An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.
"Outcomes of Maternal Weight Gain". Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 168. Agency for Healthcare Research and ... Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes.[9] Prenatal care may include taking extra folic acid, avoiding drugs and alcohol, ... Prenatal care. Main articles: Prenatal care and pre-conception counseling. Pre-conception counseling is care that is provided ... California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative; Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division; Center for Family Health; ...
Health and Literacy Intervention Outcomes: an Updated Systematic Review. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment no. 199. ... Mitchell, Dakota; Haroun, Lee (2012). Introduction to Health Care (3 ed.). Delmar Cengage. p. 279. ISBN 978-1435487550.. ... The links between low health literacy and poor health outcomes has been widely documented[99] and there is evidence that some ... Governmental organisations have been working on nutrition literacy interventions in non-primary health care settings to address ...
Health and Literacy Intervention Outcomes: an Updated Systematic Review. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment no. 199. ... of nutrition literacy specific interventions in non-primary care settings in order to achieve better health outcomes. According ... The links between low health literacy and poor health outcomes has been widely documented and there is evidence that some ... "World Health Organization, European Health Report 2005: Public health action for healthier children and populations" (PDF). WHO ...
Kolcaba, K., & Wykle, M. (1994). Assessment of health promotion in long‑term care. Geriatric Nursing, 15, 266-269. Kolcaba, K ... Dowd, T., Kolcaba, K., & Steiner, R. (2006). Development of an instrument to measure holistic client comfort as an outcome of ... Kolcaba, K. (2001). Chapter 5: Holistic care: Is it feasible in today's health care environment? In H. Feldman (Ed.), Nursing ... Kolcaba's career includes nursing practice in the operating room, medical/surgical nursing, home health, and long-term care. ...
... and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment. Agency for ... Breastfeeding reduces health care costs and the cost of caring for sick babies. Parents of breastfed babies are less likely to ... Ministry of Health Health Promotion Council. "Guideline for Management of Child Screening in Primary Care Settings and ... Thirty-fourth World Health Assembly, Agenda item 23.2. World Health Organization. World Health Organization(Organisation ...
... and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment. Agency for ... Breastfeeding reduces health care costs and the cost of caring for sick babies. Parents of breastfed babies are less likely to ... Ministry of Health Health Promotion Council. "Guideline for Management of Child Screening in Primary Care Settings and ... "Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries". Evidence Report/Technology Assessment (153): 1- ...
May 2008). Outcomes of Maternal Weight Gain. Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 168. Agency for Healthcare Research ... Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes. Prenatal care may include taking extra folic acid, avoiding drugs, tobacco smoking, ... California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative; Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division; Center for Family Health; ... "What is prenatal care and why is it important?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
... among students in health care education. Evaluation & Health Professions 32(3), 300-313. Gladstein, G. A ... Mangione, S., Kane, G. C., Caruso, J. W., Gonnella, J. S., Nasca, T. J., & Hojat, M, (2002). Assessment of empathy in different ... 1977). Empathy and counseling outcome: An empirical and conceptual review. The Counseling Psychologist, 6(4), 70-79. ...
Symposium: Tubal disease and fertility outcome. Tubal assessment tests: still have not found what we are looking for. Vol 15. ... Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; Birmingham Women's Health Care NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK; 32nd ... Symposium: Tubal disease and fertility outcome. "Tubal assessment tests: still have not found what we are looking for." Vol 15 ... Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; Birmingham Women's Health Care NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK; 32nd ...
May 2008). Outcomes of Maternal Weight Gain. Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 168. Agency for Healthcare Research ... Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes.[9] Prenatal care may include taking extra folic acid, avoiding drugs and alcohol, ... Prenatal care. Main articles: Prenatal care and pre-conception counseling. Pre-conception counseling is care that is provided ... "What is prenatal care and why is it important?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence: Clinical Guidelines. London: National Institute for Health and Care ... "Pattern and outcome of thoracic injuries in a busy tertiary care unit". Cureus. 12 (10): e11181. doi:10.7759/cureus.11181. PMC ... In this context, the most important assessment of the pleural fluid is the percentage by volume that is taken up by red blood ... Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 1458. ISBN 978-0-323-26193-7. Song, In-Hag; Lee, Seung Jin; Lee, Seock Yeol (June 2018). "The ...
Kaplan, Robert M. (1995). "Utility assessment for estimating quality-adjusted life years" (PDF). Valuing health care: Costs, ... Fanshel, Sol; Bush, J.W. (1970). "A health-status index and its application to health-services outcomes" (PDF). Operations ... In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, which advises on the use of health technologies ... "Judging whether public health interventions offer value for money". National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. ...
The DALY is becoming increasingly common in the field of public health and health impact assessment (HIA). It not only includes ... European Consortium in Healthcare Outcomes and Cost-Benefit Research (ECHOUTCOME). "European Guidelines for Cost-Effectiveness ... Fifth, the UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence uses QALYs that are based on 3395 interviews with residents ... "European Guidelines for Cost-Effectiveness Assessments of Health Technologies", which recommended not using QALYs in healthcare ...
... is to improve the health and safety of patients while also providing care in a cost-effective manner to improve the outcomes ... Therefore, even if the study had successful outcomes, the patient may refuse to receive a treatment. Assessment findings and ... Health Education Authority. Oral Health Effectiveness Review No 7. Effectiveness of oral health promotion. London: HEA, 1998 ... but the health care workers providing care. For qualitative research to be reliable, the testing must be unbiased. To achieve ...
Childrens Health Care, 42 (4). Sherburne, Morgan. "Type 1 diabetes parents turn to the Internet for support". Newsroom. ... Geffken has also been involved in the development of OCD specific assessment measures. Geffken's most recent OCD research has ... Geffken's research into Obsessive Compulsive Disorder has primarily focused on predictors of treatment outcome and treatment ... University of Florida Health. Retrieved 14 March 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ...
Based On Health Outcomes, That Compares Current Care To A Target Level Of Care Health Affairs". 31 (11). pp. 2441-2450. Eddy DM ... "The International Society for Technology Assessment in Health Care Seventh Annual Meeting Helsinki". 7. Finland International ... Health Affairs. pp. 9-17. "An Evidence-Based Approach To Communicating Health Care Evidence To Patients". Health Affairs. ... "Advancing Evidence-Based Health Care: New Tools, New Data, New Opportunities" (PDF). National Health Policy Forum. Retrieved 7 ...
Torrance generally admits patients after hospitalization at a community health care facility. If the treating physician ... emphasizing thorough and accurate assessment, appropriate treatment, treatment outcome measurement, accountability and ... The Long Term Care Unit, a licensed Skilled Nursing Facility, was closed in 1996 and the Mental Retardation Unit, which had ... As the need for psychiatric and long-term care beds on the grounds of the state hospital has decreased and availability of ...
Effects of the resident assessment instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes. A review of the ... After graduation, he compiled a series of bibliographies on health care for the Netherlands Institute of Primary Care (NIVEL). ... studies on quality of health care services from the patient's perspective at the Netherlands Institute of Primary Health Care ( ... where he broadened the scope from health and health care to citizen's participation in work, leisure time activities and social ...
The DALY is becoming increasingly common in the field of public health and health impact assessment (HIA). It "extends the ... "Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 1: 80. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-1-80. PMC 317370. PMID 14687421.. ... Loomes, Graham; McKenzie, Lynda (1989). "The use of QALYs in health care decision making". Social Science & Medicine. 28 (4): ... "European Guidelines for Cost-Effectiveness Assessments of Health Technologies", which recommended not using QALYs in healthcare ...
Public health, including epidemiology, health services research, nutrition, environmental health and health care policy & ... As one example, there is the assessment of severity state of a patient with a prognosis of an outcome of a disease. ... Such rejections are said to be due to model mis-specification.[17] Verifying whether the outcome of a statistical test does not ... They are most often found in schools of public health, affiliated with schools of medicine, forestry, or agriculture, or as a ...
Rapid detection and appropriate emergency medical care are essential for optimizing health outcomes. When available, patients ... Standardized assessments are also performed to aid in the development of an appropriate care plan. Current research suggests ... At that point, a good outcome was considered to be achieving a level of independence in which patients are able to transfer ... Family/caregivers that are involved in the patient care tend to be prepared for the caregiving role as the patient transitions ...
Outcome measures covered cognitive development, social-emotional development, health status and access to health care, and ... Pre-participation assessments of all critical outcome measures were taken. Control group children optionally enrolled in non- ... Related health services include health screenings, health check-ups and dental check-ups. Family advocates assist parents in ... Head Start had significant health-related effects, especially in increasing the number of children receiving dental care and ...
... meta-analysis of clinical outcomes and assessment of cost effectiveness". Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health ... IQwiG (German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care) (6 June 2007). "Rapid-acting insulin analogues in the ... World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World ... Germany's Institute for Quality and Cost Effectiveness in the Health Care Sector [IQWiG] released in 2007, and the Canadian ...
"Creating a learning healthcare system in surgery: Washington State's Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP) at 5 ... CERTAIN emerged from experience creating the Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP), a clinician-led, ... "Washington State's approach to variability in surgical processes/Outcomes: Surgical Clinical Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP ... leveraging existing healthcare data for research and healthcare improvement, incorporating patient and other healthcare ...
... elderly patients are often misdiagnosed especially when healthcare professionals do not make an accurate assessment. Older ... Generally, dementia involves a steady and irreversible cognitive decline but in some cases there may be different outcomes. In ... The implementation and application of existing collaborative care models, such as DICE, can aid in avoiding misdiagnosis. ... "Pseudodementia." Encyclopedia of Health & Aging, edited by Kyriakos S. Markides, SAGE Reference, 2007, pp. 477-478. Gale ...
There are a variety of standardized assessment scales available to physiotherapists and other health care professionals for use ... Create appropriate short- and long-term goals for treatment based on the outcome of the scales, their professional expertise ... The use of standardized assessment scales may help physiotherapists and other health care professionals during the course of ... Treatment for hemiparesis is the same treatment given to those recovering from strokes or brain injuries.[1] Health care ...
... technology assessment, and health care quality management. He is the co-author of several books, including Cholesterol, ... "Preferences for health outcomes. Comparison of assessment methods". Medical Decision Making. 4 (3): 315-29. CiteSeerX 10.1. ... Excellent health care is by definition redistributional." An editorial wrote that his policy ideas could cut health care costs ... Curing Health Care (1990), and New Rules: Regulation, Markets and the Quality of American Health Care (1996). In February 2013 ...
In many jurisdictions, CNSs, as direct care providers, perform comprehensive health assessments, develop differential diagnoses ... Direct clinical practice includes expertise in advanced assessment, implementing nursing care, and evaluating outcomes. ... In each of the spheres of influence, the primary goal of the CNS is continuous improvement of patient outcomes and nursing care ... In each of the spheres of influence, the primary goal of the CNS is continuous improvement of patient outcomes and nursing care ...
Rewards to physicians for improving health outcomes by the use of health information technology in the care of chronically ill ... pharmacy QA program to include error reduction strategies and assessments of the quality of their pharmaceutical care outcomes ... For a health care institution, disclosing an unanticipated event should be made as soon as possible. Some health care ... development of safety programs in health care organizations, and attention by regulators, health care purchasers, and ...
Panchal J, Marsh JL, Park TS, Kaufman B, Pilgram T, Huang SH (May 1999). "Sagittal craniosynostosis outcome assessment for two ... "The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System.. *^ de Jong T, Bannink N, Bredero-Boelhouwer HH, van Veelen ML, ... surgical care, and followup. ... Assessment of the skull from a top view shows asymmetry of the ... Eide PK (2006). "Assessment of quality of continuous intracranial pressure recordings in children". Pediatric Neurosurgery. 42 ...
"Health Technology Assessment. 13 (41): 1-190, 215-357, iii-iv. doi:10.3310/hta13410. hdl:10536/DRO/DU:30064294. PMID 19726018. ... "Standards of medical care in diabetes--2015: summary of revisions". Diabetes Care. 38 Suppl (38): S4. January 2015. doi:10.2337 ... No major organization recommends universal screening for diabetes as there is no evidence that such a program improve outcomes. ... Public health nursing: practicing population-based care (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 317. ISBN 978- ...
"Complementary alternative health care in Israel and the western world". Israel Journal of Health Policy Research. 1 (1): 8. doi ... CAM includes such resources perceived by their users as associated with positive health outcomes. Boundaries within CAM and ... An assessment of conventional treatments found that 41.3% concluded positive or possibly positive effect, 20% concluded no ... National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ...
Some health-care centres caring for people with the disease do not have running water.[73] In the United States the spread to ... "First Antigen Rapid Test for Ebola through Emergency Assessment and Eligible for Procurement". World Health Organization (WHO ... are associated with improved outcomes.[10] Supportive efforts also improve outcomes.[1] This includes either oral rehydration ... Peters, C. J. (December 1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting (PDF). ...
PubMed Health. Cologne: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 ... but data for long-term outcomes, and outcomes in those with severe acne, are sparse;[156] it may have a role for individuals ... and needs assessment". Dermatologic Clinics (Review). 30 (1): 99-106, viii-ix. doi:10.1016/j.det.2011.09.001. PMID 22117871.. ... U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, Office on Women's Health. July 2009. ...
The risks of a complication depend on patient characteristics, health care providers and the apheresis procedure, and the ... 2005). "Comparative outcome of nonmyeloablative and myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients ... "Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for risk assessment before allogeneic HCT" ... 2006). "Impact of conditioning regimen intensity on outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for advanced acute ...
... management and delivery of care to women in labour Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. SOGC Fetal health ... for fetal assessment during labour". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2: CD006066. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006066. ... CTG was associated with fewer neonatal seizures but it is unclear if it had any impact on long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes ... In the US, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development sponsored a workshop to develop ...
In addition, such laws may reduce health care costs,[3] improve work productivity, and lower the overall cost of labour in the ... are viewed by public health experts as an important element in reducing smoking rates and promoting positive health outcomes. ... Patient Assessment Tutorials: A Step-by-Step Procedures Guide for the Dental Hygienist. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ... Of Health, Department (2013). "Tobacco Free Ireland" (PDF). Department of health.. *^ "Smoking ban would not hurt state's bars ...
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.. ... "Musculoskeletal and neurologic outcomes in patients with previously treated Lyme disease". Annals of Internal Medicine. 131 (12 ... "The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis: clinical ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.. ...
Hilliard JW, Johnson ME (2004). "State practice acts of licensed health professions: scope of practice". DePaul J Health Care ... choosing patient-based outcome assessments". J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 31 (5): 355-75. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2008.04.007. PMID ... Mainstream health care and governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization consider chiropractic to be ... In Australia, most private health insurance funds cover chiropractic care, and the federal government funds chiropractic care ...
It has been argued that high heels in the workplace should be subject to a health and safety assessment.[31] ... Wearing high-heeled shoes is strongly associated with injury, including injury requiring hospital care. There is evidence that ... Another one of the numerous outcomes of these wars was an increase in international relations, and a more proliferate sharing ... "BMC Public Health (Review). 18 (1): 37. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4573-4. PMC 5537921. PMID 28760147.. ...
The interventions tended reduce organization health-care costs.[143][144] Health promotion[edit]. Organizations can play a role ... Job satisfaction is also related to negative health outcomes.[120][121] A literature review[122] and meta-analysis[123] of high ... Eds.), Work and well-being: Assessments and instruments for occupational mental health (pp. 19-32). Washington, DC: American ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ...
Dental care should be sought as quickly as possible. Complications[edit]. Not all sequelae of trauma are immediate and many of ... treatment outcomes of splinting". Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 76 (4): 253-256. doi:10.1080/00016357.2017.1414956. PMID ... Necrosis is the most common complication and an assessment is generally made based on the colour supplemented with radiograph ... "Sports Health. 7 (3): 250-5. doi:10.1177/1941738113486077. PMC 4482297. PMID 26131303.. ...
"Poisoning and toxicology handbook (4th ed.). Informa Health Care. p. 1331. ISBN 978-1-4200-4479-9. Retrieved 26 May 2009.. ... Norman TR, Burrows GD (January 1995). "A risk-benefit assessment of moclobemide in the treatment of depressive disorders". Drug ... Versiani M, Amrein R, Montgomery SA (September 1997). "Social phobia: long-term treatment outcome and prediction of response--a ... and assessment of their effect on psychometric performance in healthy subjects". Br J Clin Pharmacol. 30 (6): 805-16. doi: ...
... as well as varying levels of skill in assessment, documentation, and other counseling and health care skills depending on the ... Michael J. Crawford and his colleagues again found that music therapy helped the outcomes of schizophrenic patients.[86][87] ... "Social Work in Health Care. 39:3-4 (3-4): 361-73. doi:10.1300/J010v39n03_09. PMID 15774401.. ... With the definition of evidence-based health care as "the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about ...
After care[edit]. After a dislocation, injured joints are usually held in place by a splint (for straight joints like fingers ... Pubmed Health: Dislocation - Joint dislocation *^ Ruemper, A. & Watkins, K. (2012). Correlations between general joint ... "Hip dislocations-Epidemiology, treatment, and outcomes". Injury. 41 (4): 329-334. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2009.08.007 ... Assessment. Clinical prediction rules. *Revised Trauma Score. *Injury Severity Score. *Abbreviated Injury Scale ...
He is a guest editor and peer-reviewer for a number of medical journals including Endocrine, is the current AOL Health Expert ... 2006). "The Clinical Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Lyme Disease, Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis, and Babesiosis: ... Holtorf states that the standard thyroid tests which are typically relied upon by primary care and specialist physicians to ... The review concluded, "Physiological data and clinical outcomes demonstrate that bioidentical hormones are associated with ...
Palliative care[edit]. Palliative care specialists state that many requests for euthanasia arise from fear of physical or ... The program aired in October in China on the Family Health channel, run by the official China National Radio.[13] ... They decided Dr Henry "had capacity" and would not be sectioned (detained involuntarily for mental assessment).[52] Worried ... The MBA later clarified that the suspension was an interim measure pending the outcome of an inquiry.[27] Nitschke said the ...
"SAS Health Clinic". Archived from the original on 24 February 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.. ... Students in grades 3 through 9 take the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) assessments in math, reading, and language use ... These include activities such as Caring for Cambodia, National History Day Club, Chess Club, Spanish Language Club, and Junior ... These seven "desired student learning outcomes," or DSLOs, include content knowledge, cultural competence, character, ...
Who Should Pay for Obese Health Care?. ABC News. 2009-07-02 [2012-08-06]. (原始内容存档于2013-02-21).. ... Sharifi-Mollayousefi A, Yazdchi-Marandi M, Ayramlou H, Heidari P, Salavati A, Zarrintan S, Sharifi-Mollayousefi A. Assessment ... Effects of interventions in pregnancy on maternal weight and obstetric outcomes: meta-analysis of randomised evidence. BMJ ( ... Breslow L. Public Health Aspects of Weight Control. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1952-09, 42 (9): 1116-20. PMC 1526346. ...
This was due partly to his still-poor health, but also to a lack of urgency.[63] The political situation in England was stable ... Modern historians are divided on their assessment of Edward I: while some have praised him for his contribution to the law and ... Edward was in the care of Hugh Giffard - father of the future Chancellor Godfrey Giffard - until Bartholomew Pecche took over ... The Scottish magnates made a request to Edward to conduct the proceedings and administer the outcome, but not to arbitrate in ...
... such as mental health care, pregnancy and childbirth care, surgical care, rehabilitation care, or public health. ... from measurement and planning to performance for improved health outcomes. Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine Human ... *^ ... mental health counselors, as well as other health professionals and allied health professions. These health care providers ...
There are particular obstacles to receiving needed health care and compensation faced by many widows and widowers of Navajo ... Pregnancy and birth outcomes[edit]. Evidence about radiation-related pregnancy and birth outcomes comes from studies of nuclear ... Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program (2005), 2 http://books.nap. ... Overview of Hanford and Radiation Health Effects - Hanford Health Information Network - WA State Dept. of Health Archived ...
The need for a "uniform mechanism to educate, evaluate, and certify simulation instructors for the health care profession" was ... a b c d e f g Lederman, L. C. (1992). Debriefing: Toward a systematic assessment of theory and practice. Simulation & gaming, ... This includes "feedback on the effectiveness of their learning efforts," (p. 194) and focus on the process, not the outcome. ... casualty assessment in homeland security and military situations, emergency response, and support virtual health functions with ...
How do health care providers diagnose menopause?. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ... EMAS clinical guide: Assessment of the endometrium in peri and postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2013, 75 (2): 181-90. PMID ... Association of Age at Onset of Menopause and Time Since Onset of Menopause With Cardiovascular Outcomes, Intermediate Vascular ... Unnecessary health care)[100]。Perls和Handelsman指出,「美國睾固酮的銷量由2002年的3.24億美元到2012年的20億
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence). 11 Clinical guideline 11 : Fertility: assessment and treatment for ... Diabetes Care. 2011-10-01, 34 (10): 2329-2330 [2015-05-24]. ISSN 0149-5992. PMC 3177745. PMID 21949224. doi:10.2337/dc11-1153. ... nonhyperandrogenemic polycystic ovary syndrome patients on in vitro fertilization outcome. Fertil. Steril. 2010, 93 (6): 1864-9 ... Armenian Health Network, Sep 21, 2006 [2006-11-21].. *^ 20.0 20.1 Huang A, Brennan K, Azziz R. Prevalence of ...
... health care services, and other institutions that can facilitate a law-abiding reentry into society".[17] Employment can also ... Several theories suggest that access to low-skill employment among parolees is likely to have favorable outcomes, at least over ... Singh, JP; Grann, M; Fazel, S (13 December 2010). "A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: a systematic review ... "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.. ...
Sutton, A. E. (2015). Leadership and management influences the outcome of wildlife reintroduction programs: findings from the ... Guynup, S., & Safina, B. C. (2012). Mercury: Sources in the environment, health effects, and politics. Blue Oceans Institute, 1 ... A pre-COSEWIC assessment of the Common Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus, Linnaeus 1758) in Canadian Atlantic and Arctic waters. ... Direct human contact, which the naturally wild young eagles tended to shun anyway, is minimal short of veterinary care. ...
Having large numbers of large HDL particles correlates with better health outcomes.[9] In contrast, having small numbers of ... "Diabetes Care 31 (4): 811-822. doi:10.2337/dc08-9018. PMID 18375431. ... contradicting the previous assessment among cohorts of older people that this is a proxy or marker for frailty occurring with ... National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 2008-10-27.. ... * Caring for a Person with Alzheimer's Disease: Your Easy-to-Use Guide ... Gold DP, Reis MF, Markiewicz D, Andres D. When Home Caregiving Ends: A Longitudinal Study of Outcomes for Caregivers of ... "Dementia diagnosis and assessment". ... US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Aging, NIH. 2009. ...
Anatomical context of Outcome Assessment (Health Care). *Associations of Outcome Assessment (Health Care) with chemical ... Psychiatry related information on Outcome Assessment (Health Care). *High impact information on Outcome Assessment (Health Care ... Chemical compound and disease context of Outcome Assessment (Health Care). *Biological context of Outcome Assessment (Health ... Gene context of Outcome Assessment (Health Care). *Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Outcome Assessment (Health ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. ... Health system performance assessment in the WHO European region: which domains and indicators have been used by Member States ... Health systems performance assessment (‏‎‎‎HSPA)‏‎‎‎ varies across the WHO European Region. This review summarizes HSPA domains ... Among the 14 domains of the WHO 2007 framework, service delivery and improved health were covered by virtually all Member ... ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. ... Health system performance assessment in the WHO European region: which domains and indicators have been used by Member States ... Health systems performance assessment (‎‎‎‎HSPA)‎‎‎‎ varies across the WHO European Region. This review summarizes HSPA domains ... Fekri, O; Macarayan, E; Klazinga, N (‎World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe, 2018)‎ ...
... Director: Judith Barr. ... The mission of NERCOA is to link research, education, and practice in patient-based outcome assessment. The center develops and ... validates patient-centered methods and surveys that assess the impact of disease and health care interventions on the quality ... The center has received $2.4 million in funding from the Bureau of Health Professions and several pharmaceutical companies. ...
Articles on mental and physical geriatric health will be considered, as well epidemiological studies relevant to the aging ... Analyses focusing on societal and socioeconomic health issues affecting older adults are welcomed. ... care needs, the one-year risk of three adverse outcomes, hospitalisation, institutionalisation, and death, is scored according ... and quantifying the potential for adverse healthcare outcomes in this population [4]. Traditionally, healthcare practitioners ...
Empirical Assessment of Within-Arm Correlation Imputation in Trials of Continuous Outcomes » Empirical Assessment of Within-Arm ... Empirical Assessment of Within-Arm Correlation Imputation in Trials of Continuous Outcomes. Research Report ... Health Topics Consumers Products & Tools Research Methods Get Involved Browse Products About News Contact Us Email Updates ... Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 Telephone: (301) 427-1364 ...
Improved information for health care commissioners and primary care trusts, which will help inform decisions about where to ... UK healthcare provider BUPA has welcomed news that the NHS will soon be required to routinely assess treatment outcomes. ... The health service will then assess whether to extend the evaluation process to other treatments. ... The routine collection of NHS patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) is expected to bring three main areas of benefit, Dr ...
... continuity of care), process (doctor-patient communication and information) and outcome aspects (improvement or worsening of ... Structure, process or outcome: which contributes most to patients overall assessment of healthcare quality? ... Structure, process or outcome: which contributes most to patients overall assessment of healthcare quality? ... overall assessment of healthcare, and whether there is a variation between different types of patient groups in this respect. ...
... health service outcomes from a randomised controlled trial of mobiletype. BMC Family Practice 14 (1) : 84(2013) PubMed (PDF) ... A mobile phone application for the assessment and management of youth mental health problems in primary care: health service ... A mobile phone application for the assessment and management of youth mental health problems in primary care: ... Clinical review of the Health of 22-33 year olds conceived with and without ART (CHART study)*Participating in the CHART Study ...
... or items such as health care interventions-and is developing dissemination plans, consistent with the legislative requirements ... which is research that evaluates and compares health outcomes and the clinical effectiveness, risks, and benefits of two or ... The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has established priorities and processes for funding comparative ... of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). ... Veterans Health Care: VA Needs to Address Challenges as It ...
Funding: This project was funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment (NIHR HTA) ... Health related quality of life. Four studies reported outcomes on health related quality of life (web table 6).8 22 23 26 ... Effect of exercise referral schemes in primary care on physical activity and improving health outcomes: systematic review and ... Effect of exercise referral schemes in primary care on physical activity and improving health outcomes: systematic review and ...
... to communicate new drug safety issues to healthcare profess ... Outcome Assessment. To assess HCPs familiarity with DHPCs the ... Impact of FDA drug risk communications on health care utilization and health behaviors: a systematic review. Med Care. 2012;50( ... Healthcare professionals self-reported experiences and preferences related to direct healthcare professional communications: a ... future studies should focus on whether high awareness actually translates into improved drug utilisation and health outcomes; ...
... The Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research is delighted to share its experience in End of Life Care ... Assessment Tools for Palliative Care. The aim of this project is to evaluate the evidence base for palliative care assessment ... Improving Health Care and Palliative Care for Advanced and Serious Illness. A review of interventions to improve care and ... Home , Research , Centers and Institutes , Center for Health Services Outcomes Research , Research , End of Life Care ...
Study assessment and monitoring of critical care patients post-qualifying framework course at the University of Central ... Learning outcome & aims. KSF map: Core dimensions 1-5. Health and wellbeing 2,6,7,8 ... At UCLan, our post-qualifying framework (PQF) allows health and social care practitioners to continue their professional ... Learning Environment & Assessment +. Learning Environment & Assessment:. Clinical competencies, 1,000 word assignment, 3x in- ...
Outcomes. Given the focus of NICE Guideline CG95 on the rule-out of ACS, we deemed that the most appropriate primary outcome ... Assessment of the 2016 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence high-sensitivity troponin rule-out strategy ... Assessment of the 2016 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence high-sensitivity troponin rule-out strategy ... Chest Pain of Recent Onset: Assessment and diagnosis (update). CG95. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ...
Results of search for su:{Outcome Assessment Health Care} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Understanding health care outcomes research / edited by Robert L. Kane.. by Kane, Robert L ... Risk adjustment for measuring health care outcomes / edited by Lisa I. Iezzoni.. by Iezzoni, Lisa I ... Supramedicine : from health outcomes to outcome medicine / Eddie Price.. by Price, Eddie ...
... this chart book provides an overview of key health care policy issues in the areas of cost and quality. ... Health, Health Care, and Aging. Browse by Series. Browse by Authors. Stay Informed. RAND Policy Currents. Get weekly updates ... Goldman, Dana P. and Elizabeth A. McGlynn, Health Care in California: A Policy Assessment. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, ... Goldman, Dana P. and Elizabeth A. McGlynn, Health Care in California: A Policy Assessment, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND ...
Testing the assumption of measurement invariance in the samhsa mental health and alcohol abuse stigma assessment in older ... Disparities in mental health care among HIV-infected youth. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2014;13:29-34.doi:10.1177/ ... Telehealth and texting intervention to improve HIV care engagement, mental health and substance use outcomes in youth living ... Telehealth and texting intervention to improve HIV care engagement, mental health and substance use outcomes in youth living ...
Provides a sound and critical understanding of health and social care policy, theory and practice, and the skills you need for ... Learning outcomes, teaching and assessment. This qualification develops your learning in four main areas: *Knowledge and ... Diploma of Higher Education in Health and Social Care. In todays fast-changing care sector, professionals at all levels need ... Request your Health and Social Care prospectus. Our prospectuses help you choose your course, understand what its like to be ...
... first RCT of a mobile phone application in the mental health assessment and management of youth mental health in primary care. ... GPs in the often difficult and time-consuming task of assessment and management of youth mental health problems in primary care ... The mobiletype program is a mobile phone mental health assessment and management application which monitors mood, stress and ... pathways to care. We conducted a randomised controlled trial in primary care with patients aged 14 to 24 years recruited from ...
This course is compulsory on the Executive MSc in Evaluation of Health Care Interventions and Outcomes, in collaboration with ... Assessment Dissertation (100%, 5000 words) in the MT.. Please note that teaching on this course shall commence in September ... Dissertation in Evaluation of Healthcare Interventions and Outcomes. This information is for the 2019/20 session. ... and academic criteria when producing a piece of original work in the context of health care interventions and outcomes research ...
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care (1) * Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (1) ... Earthquake Response and Psychosocial Health Outcomes: Applying Lessons From Integrating Systems of Care and Recovery to Haiti ... Journal: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care / Volume 16 / Issue 04 / October 2000 ... health assessment questionnaire, structured questionnaire, questionnaire, patient reported outcome measures, PROM, ...
However, outcomes associated with race are an institutionalized aspect of American culture, and therefore medical care (e.g., ... Assessment of Racial Disparities in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 and 4 Care in the Department of Defense Health System. Sam W ... Assessment of Racial Disparities in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 and 4 Care in the Department of Defense Health System ... Assessment of Racial Disparities in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 and 4 Care in the Department of Defense Health System ...
... receive appropriate health care for everything from general health and well-being to specialized clinical care for deployment ... Combining its expertise in health and defense policy, RAND examines policy issues surrounding military medical care needs and ... The Air Force Deployment Transition Center: Assessment of Program Structure, Process, and Outcomes. Evaluates the Air Forces ... receive appropriate health care for everything from general health and well-being to specialized clinical care for deployment ...
It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life ... peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. ... Outcome Assessment - Antihypertensive Medication Adherence We ... 1Center for Health Quality, Outcomes and Economic Research (a VA Health Services Research and Development National Center of ... Hypertensive Patients Race, Health Beliefs, Process of Care, and Medication Adherence. Nancy R. Kressin, PhD,. 1,2 Fei Wang, ...
During a randomized control trial (RCT) evaluating outcomes of receiving care in a nurse-clinic or at home, many approached ... were willing to participate if they could choose their location of care. This provided a unique opportunity to enroll them as a ... This study followed a cohort of community-dwelling individuals receiving wound-care in a large urban-rural region. ... Participants with no assessment post-baseline were excluded from analyses pertaining to healing and recurrence outcomes and ...
Sharp Health Care. San Diego, California, United States, 92123 VA San Diego Healthcare System. ... Relating Clinical Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma to Personal Assessment of Genetic Profile (CoMMpass). The safety and scientific ... Health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: Baseline and during five to eight years of follow-up ]. EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-MY20 ... Secondary Outcome Measures : *Response rates [ Time Frame: Up to one year after baseline. ]. IMWG criteria: stringent complete ...
Consistency in the direction of effect was observed across several different outcome measures, suggesting a likely protective ... We searched electronic health care databases and sources of gray literature by using a predefined strategy. Risk for bias was ... All considered influenza vaccination of HCWs, and most were conducted in long-term residential care settings. ... Health care workers (HCWs) may transmit respiratory infection to patients. We assessed evidence for the effectiveness of ...
Outcome measure, study. Study design. Method of assessment. Measure of effect in patient population. Effect estimate (95% CI). ... Carman WF, Elder AG, Wallace LA, McAulay K, Walker A, Murray GD, Effects of influenza vaccination of health-care workers on ... Potter J, Stott DJ, Roberts MA, Elder AG, ODonnell B, Knight PV, Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers in long-term-care ... Vaccination of Health Care Workers to Protect Patients at Increased Risk for Acute Respiratory Disease Gayle P. Dolan. , ...
Evidence-based statements to deliver quality improvements in the care of women with/or at risk of hypertension (high blood ... This quality statement updates and replaces Quality statement 7: Risk assessment - pre-eclampsia in Antenatal care (NICE ... Healthcare practitioners offer pregnant women at increased risk of pre-eclampsia at the booking appointment a prescription of ... Outcome. Incidence of pre-eclampsia in women at increased risk of developing pre-eclampsia. ...
  • UK healthcare provider BUPA has welcomed news that the NHS will soon be required to routinely assess treatment outcomes. (
  • The center develops and validates patient-centered methods and surveys that assess the impact of disease and health care interventions on the quality of life of patients. (
  • Methods and analysis The Youth to Telehealth and Text to Improve Engagement in Care study is a pilot randomised, crossover trial examining the feasibility and acceptability of a telehealth counselling intervention consisting of twelve 20-30 min weekly sessions focused on identifying and problem-solving around barriers to HIV care access and adherence and on addressing mental health, substance use and/or other issues. (
  • Study staff will explore outcomes of the intervention using quantitative and qualitative methods. (
  • Methods and analysis A multicentre, parallel, two-group randomised controlled trial recruiting 120 participants with 1:1 individual allocation to receive support from a health trainer and usual care or usual care alone, with mixed methods process evaluation. (
  • Methods: We reviewed key investigator decisions required to operate a sample of macros and software tools designed to create and analyze analytic cohorts from longitudinal streams of healthcare data. (
  • Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature reporting results of studies in healthcare, nursing home or home care settings, was conducted. (
  • Although much of the literature on the chronic care model focuses on medical rather than mental health conditions and on adults rather than children with mental illness, 5 , 6 the task force recognizes the applicability of chronic care methods to children with mental health problems and the potential importance of these methods in creating a "medical home" for children who experience mental health problems ( Fig 1 ). (
  • For example, a majority of studies on depressed adults managed with chronic care methods in primary care settings have documented significant improvement in quality and outcomes. (
  • A wide range of different evaluation methods and outcomes were used to assess the impact of SMS varying from existing databases (eg, attendance rate based on medical records), questionnaires, and physiological measures. (
  • NIMH plans to develop an Early Psychosis Intervention Network (EPINET) among Coordinated Specialty Care (CSC) programs for first-episode psychosis (FEP) based on the principles of a "learning healthcare system," to include standard clinical measures, uniform data collection methods, integration of data across service users and settings, and rapid analysis and reporting of pooled data to clinicians, patients, and scientists. (
  • This study used a convergent mixed-methods design, merging findings from a quasi-experimental study with patient interviews conducted as part of Advancing Care Together, a community demonstration project that created an innovation incubator for practices implementing evidence-based integration strategies. (
  • Students enrolled in the certificate courses will gain in-depth knowledge in the areas of organizational leadership, research methodology, curriculum development, instructional methods and learning theory, student performance assessment, program and faculty evaluation, and faculty development. (
  • Plans and coordinates teaching methods and content to achieve desired outcomes. (
  • METHODS: A 3-part assessment (targeted literature review, qualitative one-on-one interviews, and online survey) was undertaken. (
  • Although the exact origins of the term "outcomes research" is unclear, the methods associated with outcomes research first gained wide attention in the 1850s as a result of the work of Florence Nightingale during the Crimean War. (
  • From articles available to us from previous systematic reviews and from trials registered at, we selected those that prospectively compared two or more interventions for continuous outcomes and reported all three of: baseline means and SEs (or equivalent), final means and SEs, and within-group changes and SEs. (
  • The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has established priorities and processes for funding comparative clinical effectiveness research (CER)-which is research that evaluates and compares health outcomes and the clinical effectiveness, risks, and benefits of two or more medical treatments, services, or items such as health care interventions-and is developing dissemination plans, consistent with the legislative requirements of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). (
  • A review of interventions to improve care and outcomes in patients with advanced and serious illness was undertaken with the objective of evaluating their effectiveness on patient-centered outcomes relative to palliative care. (
  • This course is compulsory on the Executive MSc in Evaluation of Health Care Interventions and Outcomes, in collaboration with NICE. (
  • To enable students to investigate an original research question to the standards of scientific enquiry, the dissertation module will detail methodological and academic criteria when producing a piece of original work in the context of health care interventions and outcomes research. (
  • The common theme of such interventions is the amelioration of financial, socioeconomic, and other (occasionally including transportation) barriers to access and care. (
  • The incentive metric and Introduction aligned interventions were associated with a reduction in cigarette smoking prevalence among Medicaid members, as indicated by Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and disease the electronic health record metric. (
  • Cross-agency partner- patient access to cessation interventions, and cigarette smoking ships between Medicaid and public health contributed to these successes. (
  • Dog-assisted interventions are increasingly used in healthcare. (
  • The aim of the review was to conduct a systematic literature review of quantitative studies on dog-assisted interventions in healthcare, with the intention of assessing the effects and cost-effectiveness of the interventions for different categories of patients. (
  • Conclusions: The overall assessment of the included studies indicates minor to moderate effects of dog-assisted therapy in psychiatric conditions, as well as for dog-assisted activities in cognitive disorders and for dog-assisted support in different types of medical interventions. (
  • The task force acknowledged early in its deliberations that enhancing the mental health care that pediatricians and other primary care clinicians † provide to children and adolescents will require systemic interventions at the national, state, and community levels to improve the financing of mental health care and access to mental health specialty resources. (
  • He introduced the EPINET concept, which envisions a learning healthcare system grounded in the principles of science-based interventions, easy and timely access to services, and a culture of collaborative, person-centered care. (
  • Identifies, based on assessment data, appropriate nursing diagnosis or collaborative problems which can be addressed through nursing interventions. (
  • Like clinical trials, outcomes research seeks to provide evidence about which interventions work best for which types of patients and under what circumstances. (
  • Comparators: usual care, no intervention, or alternative exercise referral schemes. (
  • Results Eight randomised controlled trials met the inclusion criteria, comparing exercise referral schemes with usual care (six trials), alternative physical activity intervention (two), and an exercise referral scheme plus a self determination theory intervention (one). (
  • The study's counselling intervention is significant in its integrated HIV and behavioural health focus, which is tailored to the participant's baseline HIV knowledge, mental health status and substance use. (
  • GPs identified and referred eligible participants (those with mild or more mental health concerns) who were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (where mood, stress and daily activities were monitored) or the attention-comparison group (where only daily activities were monitored). (
  • T-tests showed that the intervention program increased understanding of patient mental health, assisted in decisions about medication/referral and helped in diagnosis when compared to the attention-comparison program. (
  • As General Practitioners (GPs) are the gatekeepers of mental health care [ 3 ], and most adolescents see a GP at least once a year [ 4 ], GPs are in an ideal position to identify young people at need or those who would benefit most from early intervention. (
  • This study aims to determine the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a randomised trial and delivering a health trainer intervention to people receiving community supervision in the UK. (
  • Dissemination will include publication of the intervention development process and findings for the stated outcomes, parallel process evaluation and economic evaluation in peer-reviewed journals. (
  • First, caregivers who participate in the intervention group will demonstrate better outcomes than caregivers in the control group. (
  • Second, children with SCI whose caregivers participate in the intervention group will demonstrate better outcomes than children with SCI whose caregivers participate in the control group. (
  • A further objective of this pilot study is to identify which outcomes are being affected by the intervention. (
  • The intervention group will participate in the 2-day, in-person Parent Forum and receive monthly phone calls from a mental health professional for 12 months. (
  • From these findings, we developed a new intervention for improving staff interactions and information exchange in long term care settings. (
  • Given the heterogeneity in the studies, descriptive characteristics, purpose of the study, response rates, description of the intervention, dose and timing, instruments, outcome measures, and outcome data from the studies were synthesized using a narrative approach. (
  • Mobile telephone text message reminders were used as the only intervention in 73% (44/60) of the studies, and in 27% (16/60) of the remaining studies, SMS was connected to another comprehensive health intervention system. (
  • Drs. Robert Heinssen and Susan Azrin from the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research (DSIR) co-chaired the meeting, which took place on September 7-8, 2017 in Bethesda, MD. While the first day focused on identifying which treatment outcomes and processes should be measured in CSC programs, the second day focused on how these outcomes and processes should be measured. (
  • By the end of semester students will be expected to have designed an evidence- based intervention proposal targeted at improving health status of patients and/or their carers. (
  • Demonstrate how theory is applied in psychological assessments common to the practice of health psychology by means of evaluation published intervention studies in terms of their processes and outcomes. (
  • Review and sythesise empirical evidence so as to generate a proposal for a theoretically derived and evidence-based intervention targeted at patients, their informal carers, or health care practitioners. (
  • Development of the care pathway by a multidisciplinary team, followed by a controlled intervention study to compare two non-concomitant cohorts of patients corresponding to the years 2002 (before the implementation of the critical pathway) and 2004 (year of the implementation). (
  • Patient-Reported Outcomes and Care Quality: Intervention? (
  • This observational research study will evaluate medical gender affirmation delivered in primary care as an intervention to reduce disparities in HIV-related outcomes (e.g., low rates of Pr. (
  • Stepped care for CFS, consisting of a minimal intervention followed by face-to-face CBT, was found efficacious when tested in a CFS specialist centre. (
  • It is widely accepted that earlier intervention leads to better outcomes. (
  • However, the evaluation methodology of outcomes research may include both experimental and non-experimental designs: further, the "intervention" being evaluated is not limited to medications or new clinical procedures, but may also include the provision of particular services or resources, or even the enforcing of specific policies and regulations by legislative/financial bodies. (
  • Patients also have a significant stake in outcomes research because it facilitates their decision-making, both in deciding what intervention is best for them given their circumstances, and as members of the public who have ultimately to pay for medical services. (
  • The mission of NERCOA is to link research, education, and practice in patient-based outcome assessment. (
  • As time is limited in clinical practice, short risk prediction instruments are useful in identifying frailty [ 3 ] and quantifying the potential for adverse healthcare outcomes in this population [ 4 ]. (
  • Students may study this module on its own for continuing professional development purposes, or for the award of either the Advanced Certificate Critical Care, Graduate Certificate Critical Care Nursing or BSc (Hons) Professional Practice. (
  • This diploma develops your critical understanding of health and social care policy, theory and practice, and the skills you need for effective practice in a diverse, multidisciplinary environment. (
  • To complete Stage 2, you can choose between modules focusing on more specific areas of health and social care practice, depending on your interests, aspirations and experience. (
  • Doctor-patient rapport was assessed using the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire Communication and Enablement subscales, and the Trust in Physician Scale (TPS). (
  • Identify behavioural issues relating to the chosen case and understand the implications these have for nursing practice in terms of patient education, counselling and patient care. (
  • Integrate the information gained from the comprehensive patient assessment with an understanding of the pathophysiology of complex cases to problem solve in clinical practice. (
  • As a result, it has been advocated that the information collected about malaria be changed radically and should include the monitoring of morbidity and mortality, clinical practice and quality of care. (
  • We performed a Pretest-Posttest analysis in a recently renovated single-practice primary care office in Grenchen, Switzerland. (
  • What are the implications for public health practice? (
  • In my previously NIH/NINR funded study, Outcomes of Nursing Management Practice in Nursing Homes , I worked with a multidisciplinary team to explore relationship patterns and management practices that enable nursing homes to attain high quality resident outcomes in a series of eight comparative case studies, identifying management practices that are distributed through all levels of workers and appear to build capacity for high quality outcomes. (
  • This report offers strategies for preparing the primary care practice itself for provision of enhanced mental health care services. (
  • Most primary care clinicians will find that significant gaps exist between their current practice and the proposed ideal. (
  • Primary care clinicians and managers can consider which strategies seem most feasible and are most consistent with other aspects of their practice and gradually plan the enhancements they choose. (
  • The Mental Health Practice Readiness Inventory ( Appendix S3 ) can assist primary care clinicians and managers in assessing the strengths and needs of the practice and in setting its priorities. (
  • Individual clinicians and practices may have limited influence over some of these elements, but there are steps that any practice can take to improve mental health service delivery. (
  • Depth of insight into theoretical issues with back up from empirical evidence base showing a strong grasp of health psychology concepts and their application in research and practice. (
  • For her quality of life research, she is investigating the use of patient-reported outcome questionnaires in routine oncology practice. (
  • Influencing Policy and Practice: Case Studies Across the Cancer Care Continuum. (
  • From best practice guidance and staff training to a unique system products, this is how we make skin health second nature. (
  • Impact of Quality Assessment on Clinical Practice, Intermountain Healthcare. (
  • Impact of Quality Assessment on Clinical Practice, Kaiser Permanente. (
  • Data scientist and professor Barton Poulson discusses the ways that dramatically increased quantities of data-from genetic testing, genealogy, blood testing, brain scans, and other sources-are changing the theory and practice of healthcare. (
  • The intent of this research is to identify shortfalls in practice and to develop strategies to improve care. (
  • Traditionally, healthcare practitioners have used demographic details and a battery of cognitive and functional tests in an attempt to predict risk [ 5 ], triage patients and rationalize the provision of limited healthcare resources [ 4 ]. (
  • Structure, process or outcome: which contributes most to patients' overall assessment of healthcare quality? (
  • Research questions The paper explores which type of quality aspects (structure, process, outcome) most strongly determines patients' overall assessment of healthcare, and whether there is a variation between different types of patient groups in this respect. (
  • Discussion Improving process and structure aspects of healthcare is most likely to increase patients' overall evaluation of the quality of care as expressed in a global rating. (
  • Using a TIMI score of 0, the sensitivity for the primary outcome was 99.5% (95% CI 98.1% to 99.9%) alongside hs-cTnT and 98.9% (97.4% to 99.6%)%) alongside hs-cTnI, identifying 17.9% and 21.0% of patients as low risk, respectively. (
  • We conducted a randomised controlled trial in primary care with patients aged 14 to 24 years recruited from rural and metropolitan general practices. (
  • We recruited 793 White and African-American (58%) patients previously diagnosed with hypertension from 3 VA medical centers to participate in survey assessments of each of the above dimensions, subsequent to a primary care clinic visit. (
  • African-American patients' providers were significantly more active in advising and counseling about hypertension care and medication adherence. (
  • Increasingly health professionals, insurers, researchers and, indeed, patients and families, are recognizing that health care is better when patients' needs are placed at the center of the decision-making process. (
  • Patient-reported outcomes measure patients' direct experiences of their health condition and health care. (
  • Bookmarking, a widely-used method for establishing student proficiency levels in major education tests-such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress-is being adapted to healthcare so patients and their families can better communicate the severity of symptoms. (
  • In order to further explore this qualitative outcome measure, during structured interviews of residents, attending physicians, nurses and patients and their families, specific questions will be used to probe the perceived level of resident professionalism. (
  • The aim of this nonrandomized study was to determine the impact of computerized tomography (CT) image integration into a 3-dimensional (3D) mapping system on the clinical outcome of patients undergoing CA for AF. (
  • Quality of primary care for patients is usually assessed by patient satisfaction questionnaires. (
  • However, patients may not be able to judge quality of care without also reflecting their perception of the environment. (
  • We hypothesized that renovating the interior would make patients more satisfied with the quality of medical care. (
  • We chose a Likert scale (1 = very poor to 6 = very good), and 12 quality indicators, and included two consecutive samples of patients presenting at the primary care office before ( n = 153) and after ( n = 153) interior design renovation. (
  • Physician skills and patient satisfaction sometimes depend on surrounding factors that may bias the ability of patients to assess the quality of medical care. (
  • These biases should be taken into account when quality assessment instruments are designed for patients. (
  • The concept includes four topics: quality circles (working groups of GPs), patients, health care providers, and the next generation of GPs. (
  • Quality of primary care for patients is usually assessed by patient questionnaires and comparative benchmarks of scores for GP offices, but questionnaires are designed to measure the patient's subjective perception of quality. (
  • Conclusions based solely on subjective quality of care assessments by patients may bias results, and limit their usefulness as benchmarks for primary care offices. (
  • Patients may believe that a redesign reflects the provider's desire to care for their wellbeing, and may then assume that the provider puts the same energy into providing medical services. (
  • This may be why attractive and comfortable waiting rooms, and good lighting can result in higher quality of care assessments from patients [ 9 ]. (
  • The primary aims of this study were to describe the clinical and microbiologicalcharacteristics and outcomes in critically ill cancer patients with severe pneumonia. (
  • Cary, M. and Baernholdt, M. and Anderson, R. and Merwin, E., Performance-based Outcomes of Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities Treating Hip Fracture Patients in the United States. (
  • Dog-assisted activities had some positive effects on health, wellbeing, depression and quality of life for patients with severe cognitive disorders. (
  • We sought to determine COVID-19 outcomes among patients with RMD 6 months into the pandemic. (
  • There were no significantly higher adjusted risks of hospitalisation (HR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.68-1.11), intensive care unit admission (HR: 1.27, 95% CI: 0.86-1.86), or mortality (HR: 1.02, 95% CI: 0.53-1.95) in patients with RMD versus comparators. (
  • Conclusions Patients with RMD and comparators had similar risks of poor COVID-19 outcomes after adjusting for race, smoking and comorbidities. (
  • Patients with rheumatic disease and providers continue to be concerned about the risks of poor outcomes from COVID-19. (
  • Six months into the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we found that patients with rheumatic disease had no significantly higher risk of hospitalisation, intensive care unit admission or death compared with those without rheumatic disease after adjusting for race, smoking and comorbidities. (
  • Outcome of patients is determined not only by severity of illness index, but also by the impact of patients' preadmission comorbid status. (
  • Therefore, we aimed at evaluating the outcome of patients treated in a pediatric intensive care unit, with special focus on the group of children with chronic diseases. (
  • Data were obtained prospectively and outcome was assessed according to the Pediatric Overall Performance Category scale for 449 patients in a pediatric intensive care unit of the Split University Hospital. (
  • The Pediatric Overall Performance Category scale has proved its applicability in a small intensive care unit, with a heterogeneous population of patients. (
  • Patients, the chiropractic profession itself, medical physicians, third-party payers, and the managed care industry all have different perspectives on what role would be most appropriate for chiropractors. (
  • Thus, many back pain patients have used chiropractors as first contact primary providers of care for at least this one common problem. (
  • Studies reporting the use of SMS intended to remind patients in health services were included. (
  • Geographic Variation in Statin Use for Complex Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients: Evidence of Effective Care? (
  • 5,6,7 Patients with poor health literacy use healthcare services frequently leading to increased healthcare costs. (
  • The relationship among health literacy, health knowledge, and adherence to treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. (
  • Grant provided by the "Quality and Care of Patients General Board," published in the Official Journal of the Generalitat Valenciana (DOGV N° 4781, June 2004). (
  • Many patients cannot readily access high-quality, evidence-based healthcare services, and healthcare providers face similar difficulties when trying to deliver these services. (
  • As the nation's oldest and largest voluntary health organization dedicated to reducing death and disability from cardiovascular diseases and stroke, the AHA has focused its efforts on achieving healthcare reform that serves the best interests of patients. (
  • Dr. Snyder researches the quality of cancer care, with a particular focus in two areas: (1) quality of life for cancer patients and (2) coordination of care between cancer specialists and primary care providers. (
  • RATIONALE: Meeting with a nurse to assess symptoms and quality of life may be more effective than standard care in treating patients with breast cancer. (
  • RATIONALE: Patients undergoing chemotherapy who receive specialized cancer care may have fewer symptoms and improved emotional health. (
  • RATIONALE: Gathering health information from older patients undergoing chemotherapy may help doctors plan better treatment and improve the quality of life for these patients. (
  • To examine (a) approaches used by oncologists to administer the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) in consultations with patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, (b) potential o. (
  • Genetic counselors' comfort and knowledge of cancer risk assessment for transgender patients. (
  • Integrating behavioral health and primary care is beneficial to patients and health systems. (
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate effect of integrated care, adapted to local contexts, on depression severity and patients' experience of care. (
  • This research can help patients, doctors, and others make decisions to improve health care. (
  • In both conditions, clinic staff were trained to assess and record the smoking status of all patients at all visits in the electronic health record, and smokers were given brief advice to quit. (
  • As a result, U.S. patients do not always receive the care they need (and sometimes receive care they do not need): one study estimated that Americans receive only 50 percent of recommended health care services (McGlynn et al. (
  • The panel defines "health systems" broadly, to encompass the full continuum between public health (population-based services) and medical care (delivered to individual patients). (
  • As outlined in previous Institute of Medicine reports (e.g., 2011e), health systems involve far more than hospitals and physicians, whose work often focuses on tertiary prevention (averting complications among patients with known disease). (
  • To evaluate primary physiotherapist assessment and management of patients with musculoskeletal disorders in primary care, and to compare patient satisfaction with primary assessment by a physiotherapist or a general practitioner (GP). (
  • Primary assessment and management of patients with musculoskeletal disorders. (
  • Patients assessed by a physiotherapist were more satisfied with the information received about their disorder and self-care than patients assessed by a GP. (
  • Physiotherapists can be considered primary assessors of patients with musculoskeletal disorders in primary care as few patients needed additional assessment by a GP, patients with confirmed serious pathologies were identified by the physiotherapists, and patients were satisfied with assessment by a physiotherapist. (
  • With funding from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, AIR led a team of researchers to develop an Sickle Cell Disease Patient-Reported Outcome measurement system called ASCQ-Me that would help to bridge the gaps in understanding about adult patients' experiences and long-term needs. (
  • Patients receiving care for traffic injuries were recruited from 4 clinics in Ontario, Canada resulting in 11 adult participants (5 men, 6 women). (
  • The KP vision is to be a leader in total health by putting patients first. (
  • By controlling the body's circadian system, light impacts outcomes in healthcare settings by reducing depression among patients, decreasing length of stay in hospitals, improving sleep and circadian rhythm, lessening agitation among dementia patients, easing pain, and improving adjustment to night-shift work among staff. (
  • Adequate and appropriate exposure to light is critical for health and well-being of patients as well as staff in healthcare settings. (
  • Natural light should be incorporated into lighting design in healthcare settings, not only because it is beneficial to patients and staff, but also because it is light delivered at no cost and in a form that most people prefer. (
  • Thus, incorporating light into healthcare settings can be beneficial for patients as well as the staff who work there. (
  • Outcomes research is a branch of public health research, which studies the end results (outcomes) of the structure and processes of the health care system on the health and well-being of patients and populations. (
  • Introduction Youth and young adults living with HIV (YLWH) experience worse clinical outcomes than adults and high rates of behavioural health challenges that impact their engagement in care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy. (
  • This study in the San Francisco Bay area aims to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary clinical outcomes of a 12-session telehealth counselling series provided to 80 YLWH, including education, motivational enhancement and problem-solving around HIV care, mental health, substance use and other challenges. (
  • Clinical outcomes, including plasma HIV RNA and CD4+ cell count, are collected from medical records. (
  • The use of high‑intensity statins can cause side effects, but to improve clinical outcomes it is important that alternative strategies are tried rather than stopping treatment. (
  • Clinical outcomes and microbiolog. (
  • The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (
  • 2011). Access to health care services, particularly in rural and frontier communities or disadvantaged urban centers, is often limited. (
  • Centers of Excellence and Payer Defined Quality Assessment. (
  • To do so, PCORI has developed primary outcome measures for assessing PCORI's progress related to these strategic goals. (
  • PCORI anticipates having some early results related to its primary outcome measures starting in 2017 after the first CER studies are completed and their findings released, although full evaluation of the results of these outcome measures will not be possible until around 2020. (
  • Recently, there has been increased emphasis on the development and application of patient-reported outcome measures. (
  • The literature on patient-reported outcome measures used in paediatric otolaryngology was reviewed. (
  • This included general paediatric patient-reported outcome measures applied to otolaryngology, and paediatric otolaryngology disease-specific patient-reported outcome measures. (
  • A large collection of patient-reported outcome measures are described in the paediatric otolaryngology literature. (
  • Greater standardisation of the patient-reported outcome measures used in paediatric otolaryngology would assist in pooling of data and increase the validation of tools used. (
  • Valid, reliable measures of patient experience and their health outcomes are critical to promoting public health and improving the quality, safety, and efficiency of health care. (
  • AIR also creates measures that enable health care delivery systems to manage and improve health care delivery, such as a quality improvement and accountability tool to measure care coordination for adults in primary care settings. (
  • 3) measures to evaluate consumer experience in the health insurance marketplaces, and 4) a patient-centered measure of care coordination for primary care. (
  • Fifteen showed at least one significant positive effect but in most studied outcome measures there was no significant treatment effect. (
  • However, the majority of studied outcome measures showed no significant effect. (
  • SCOAP has similarities to the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP), but is more focused on directing improvements in process of care metrics along with benchmarking on risk-adjusted outcome measures. (
  • June 2012 BITE 13A bite-sized summary of a piece of CLAHRC research CLAHRC BITE Frequent use of outcome measures may improve treatment results in. (
  • Dr. Heinssen highlighted issues to be explored in the meeting, including the key domains of FEP course and treatment, standard measures that could be used in FEP clinical assessment, and challenges to implementing standard measures in community clinics. (
  • Universal health outcome measures for older persons with multiple chronic conditions. (
  • Because the persistence and progression of diseases and courses of treatments affect health status in multiple dimensions, well-validated universal outcome measures across diseases are needed for research, clinical care, and administrative purposes. (
  • Suitable composite measures include the Medical Outcomes Study 8 (SF-8) and 36 (SF-36) -item Short-Form Survey and the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item Health Profile. (
  • The main outcome measures were the rate and factors associated with anastomotic complications. (
  • Conclusions Considerable uncertainty remains as to the effectiveness of exercise referral schemes for increasing physical activity, fitness, or health indicators, or whether they are an efficient use of resources for sedentary people with or without a medical diagnosis. (
  • Conclusions Use of simvastatin was independently associated with reduced risk of AP in this integrated healthcare setting. (
  • Conclusions: In the DOD health system, provider compliance with selected CKD stage 3 and 4 targets was not significantly lower for Black beneficiaries than for Whites, with the exception of LDL cholesterol monitoring. (
  • Conclusions All intensive treatments with glucocorticoids bridging demonstrated excellent 5 year outcomes. (
  • Conclusions: GPs are advised to consider offering follow-up to all women referred for ultrasound assessment of pain and/or bleeding in early pregnancy. (
  • Provider-patient communication is an important determinant of adherence 6 , and poor communication is thought to contribute to worse care for African Americans and other ethnic minority individuals 7 , 8 . (
  • Whereas most prior studies of race, medication adherence, and hypertension care have utilized samples with racial differences in BP control, we posit that the opposite approach might help identify factors associated with success in eliminating differences in BP care and outcomes. (
  • About three quarters of the studies (77%, 46/60) reported improved outcomes: adherence to medication or to treatment reportedly improved in 40% (24/60) of the studies, appointment attendance in 18% (11/60) of the studies, and non-attendance rates decreased in 18% (11/60) of the studies. (
  • and (5) accelerating patient-centered outcomes research and methodological research. (
  • To fund PCORI, PPACA established the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund, through which the institute is expected to receive an estimated $3.5 billion from fiscal years 2010 through 2019. (
  • This includes the development and evaluation of tools that inform health care providers, federal agencies, and foundations on a wide range of outcomes and experiences, such as patient reports of care quality and health outcomes, patient-centered outcomes research, health insurance literacy, and patient-centered clinical quality indicators. (
  • These include patient reports of care quality and health outcomes, patient-centered outcomes research, health insurance literacy, and patient-centered clinical quality indicators. (
  • Dr. Joe V. Selby, Executive Director of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), provided an overview of his organization's current activities and partnership opportunities. (
  • We found that the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute and Department of Health and Human Services expect to receive about $4 billion from the fund by the end of fiscal year 2019. (
  • The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) made about $2 billion in commitments for awards in fiscal years 2010 through 2017. (
  • PCORI provides funding through award commitments from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund (Trust Fund) and may pay these awards over multiple years. (
  • Of the $2 billion PCORI committed as of the end of fiscal year 2017, about $1.6 billion (or 79 percent of its commitments) is for research awards, and $325 million (or 16 percent) is for building the capacity to use existing health data for research. (
  • From fiscal years 2011 through 2017, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) obligated about $448 million from the Trust Fund. (
  • Objective To assess the impact of exercise referral schemes on physical activity and health outcomes. (
  • Objective We aimed to evaluate the limit of detection of high-sensitivity troponin (hs-cTn) and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) score combination rule-out strategy suggested within the 2016 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Chest Pain of Recent Onset guidelines and establish the optimal TIMI score threshold for clinical use. (
  • Because previous reports on racial disparities in provided care have focused on Blacks and Whites, our objective was to perform a retrospective cohort study of a clinical/administrative healthcare database to assess the nephrology care provided to White and Black beneficiaries with CKD stages 3 and 4 in the DOD's National Capital Area (NCA) health system. (
  • The objective was to investigate the role of preference and location of care on care outcomes, including satisfaction with care, healing, health-related quality of life (HRQL), pain, and resource use. (
  • What is well understood is that myeloma is a heterogeneous disease with great genetic and epigenetic complexity.22, 23 Therefore, there remains a critical need to understand myeloma patient biology in the context of current patient care.24 The objective of this longitudinal study is to identify patient subgroups and phenotypes defined by molecular profiling and clinical features. (
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the MitraClip® NT System for the treatment of clinically significant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in symptomatic heart failure subjects who are treated per standard of care and who have been determined by the site's local heart team as not appropriate for mitral valve surgery. (
  • Our objective was to catalogue scientific decisions underpinning study execution that should be reported to facilitate replication and enable assessment of validity of studies conducted in large healthcare databases. (
  • Funding The data used in this study for secondary analysis have been drawn from projects funded by The Netherlands' Organisation for Health Research and Development and Stichting Miletus (The Miletus Foundation, Association of Health Insurers). (
  • Per legislative requirement, PCORI is developing a peer review assessment process to review final reports submitted by contract awardees and is in the process of developing a plan for the dissemination of funded research potentially beginning in 2015, in coordination with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (
  • The Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research is delighted to share its experience in End of Life Care research. (
  • Patient outcomes research teams : managing conflict of interest / Molla S. Donaldson and Alexander M. Capron, editors. (
  • NOVIB and OXFAM UK/I impact assessment research programme: phase III : West Africa / Elsa L. Dawson. (
  • Understanding health care outcomes research / edited by Robert L. Kane. (
  • The research described in this report was conducted in the RAND Health Economics Research Program and in the Center for Research on Quality in Health Care and the Communications Institute. (
  • The dissertation could be on any topic in the field of health services research and health policy. (
  • Ethics and dissemination The study has been approved by the Health and Care Research Wales Ethics Committee (REC reference 16/WA/0171). (
  • Agreeing on terminology and which parameters from a large catalogue are the most essential to report for replicable research would improve transparency and facilitate assessment of validity. (
  • My research program is concerned with understanding and improving nursing management practices and their impact on outcomes, with a particular interest in resident outcomes in nursing homes. (
  • Anderson, R. A. and Bailey Jr, D. E. and Wu, B. and Corazzini, K. and McConnell, E. S. and Thygeson, N. M. and Docherty, S. L., Adaptive Leadership Framework for Chronic Illness: Framing a Research Agenda for Transforming Care Delivery. (
  • SCOAP's growth and development was supported through grants from the Life Sciences Discovery Fund, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to investigators in the Department of Surgery at the University of Washington (UW) under principal investigator David Flum, MD, MPH. (
  • Current research and development using SCOAP data is supported by the UW's Comparative Effectiveness Research Translation Network (CERTAIN) within the Surgical Outcomes Research Center (SORCE). (
  • The article elaborates on elements of this model, describes the fundamental research that supports its design, and concludes with a research agenda and design recommendations for extension into other healthcare domains. (
  • September 2011 BITE 04A bite-sized summary of a piece of CLAHRC research CLAHRC BITE Restricting access to health services helps frequent attenders. (
  • September 2011 BITE 07A bite-sized summary of a piece of CLAHRC research CLAHRC BITE Depression outcomes are better where there is collaborative. (
  • In fact, chiropractic researchers consider this issue as a priority for their health services research agenda (Mootz, 1997). (
  • Targeted research funding awards have addressed such topics as: treatment options for African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos with uncontrolled asthma (with involvement from the NHLBI), hypertension control in African American and rural populations (administered by the NHLBI), and care transitions for emerging adults with sickle cell disease. (
  • PCORnet is designed to make clinical research faster, easier, and less costly by harnessing the power of large amounts of electronic health data and patient partnerships. (
  • Routine outcome assessment of individuals with MCCs could facilitate system-based care improvement and clinical effectiveness research. (
  • This research has included a broad range of efforts in the basic and clinical sciences, healthcare delivery and patient outcomes, involving all forms of congenital and acquired cardiovascular diseases and stroke. (
  • Innovative Uses of Data for Cancer Survivorship Care and Research: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. (
  • The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act established a fund to support research comparing the effectiveness of available treatments. (
  • PCORI is a federally funded, nonprofit corporation established to carry out and improve comparative clinical effectiveness research (CER), which evaluates and compares the health outcomes and the clinical effectiveness, risks, and benefits of two or more medical treatments, services, or items. (
  • and coordinate with relevant federal health programs to build data capacity for this research. (
  • This course is the study of the foundational principles of learning theory and research in healthcare education, which improves teaching and learning in clinically, based educational programs. (
  • Although the United States is renowned for its leadership in biomedical research, its cutting-edge medical technology, and its hospitals and specialists, problems with ensuring Americans' access to the system and providing quality care have been a long-standing concern of policy makers and the public (Berwick et al. (
  • This research was performed under a research contract between RTI Health Solutions and Novartis Pharmaceuticals. (
  • According to one medical outcomes and guidelines source book - 1996, Outcomes research[full citation needed] includes health services research that focuses on identifying variations in medical procedures and associated health outcomes. (
  • Though listed as a synonym for the National Library of Medicine MeSH term "Outcome Assessment (Health Care)", outcomes research may refer to both health services research and healthcare outcomes assessment, which aims at Health technology assessment, decision making, and policy analysis through systematic evaluation of quality of care, access, and effectiveness. (
  • Outcomes research is applied to clinical and population based research that seeks to study and optimize the end results of healthcare in terms of benefits to the patient and society. (
  • Also, while traditional clinical trials focus primarily on therapeutic efficacy and safety, outcomes research may consider additional parameters such as cost, timeliness, convenience, geographical accessibility and patient preferences. (
  • The results of outcomes research are used to inform the decisions of legislative bodies that make decisions related to healthcare, as well as of financial bodies (governments, insurers, employers) who seek to minimize cost and waste while ensuring the provision of an acceptable level of care. (
  • The c. 1847 work of Ignaz Semmelweis on the association between puerperal fever and the absence of aseptic procedures (specifically, doctors who failed to clean their hands before delivering babies) and the subsequent use of calcium hypochlorite to reduce risk, is an early example of outcomes research. (
  • Abstract In countries where malaria is endemic, routine blood slide examinations remain the major source of data for the public health surveillance system. (
  • Abstract who reported that their health care providers recommended cessa- tion assistance increased above baseline. (
  • Ramphal W, Boeding JRE, Gobardhan PD, Rutten HJT, de Winter LJMB, Crolla RMPH, Schreinemakers JMJ (2018) Oncologic outcome and recurrence rate following anastomotic leakage after curative resection for colorectal cancer. (
  • The health service will then assess whether to extend the evaluation process to other treatments. (
  • A more sophisticated method of patient reported outcome measurement, with pre- and post-treatment questionnaires and the inclusion of quality-of-life criteria, might lead to higher associations between outcome and the overall evaluation of the received care. (
  • PCORI has established an evaluation plan and is developing efforts to measure outcomes. (
  • Prospective, randomized, parallel-controlled, multicenter clinical evaluation of the MitraClip device for the treatment of clinically significant functional mitral regurgitation in symptomatic heart failure subjects who are treated per standard of care and who have been determined by the site's local heart team as not appropriate for mitral valve surgery. (
  • It should therefore be considered for regular evaluation of health care quality, as a simple and accurate tool. (
  • Demonstrate an advanced level of understanding of current theories of responses to illness through critical evaluation of competing explanations of illness and disability (cultural, social, individual, biomedical), and place these within contemporary health psychology. (
  • Revises the care plan based on evaluation of effectiveness in achieving outcomes. (
  • Background and objectives: Racial disparities in provision of healthcare are widespread in the United States but have not been specifically assessed in provision of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care. (
  • Numerous studies have documented racial disparities in provision of health care for Black, as compared with White Americans. (
  • An uncontrolled study was used to test effectiveness of stepped care implemented in a MHC ( n = 123). (
  • Stepped care in psychological therapies: access, effectiveness and efficiency. (
  • Identifies patient/family responses to treatment and continually evaluates effectiveness of care. (
  • Findings are published in scientific publications and educational monographs, as well as videotapes that have been distributed to health programs in colleges throughout the United States. (
  • Substantial heterogeneity in the quality and nature of the exercise referral schemes across studies might have contributed to the inconsistency in outcome findings. (
  • Findings will provide information about benefits and challenges of telehealth counselling for YLWH and will guide the development of new technology-based strategies for care. (
  • This chapter reviews this question: it explores whether systems of care are associated with adverse health outcomes, whether there is evidence of inferior system characteristics in the United States relative to other countries, and whether such deficiencies could explain the findings delineated in Part I of the report. (
  • Purpose: Defining a study population and creating an analytic dataset from longitudinal healthcare databases involves many decisions. (
  • A substantial improvement in reproducibility, rigor and confidence in real world evidence generated from healthcare databases could be achieved with greater transparency about operational study parameters used to create analytic datasets from longitudinal healthcare databases. (
  • In addition, a targeted search was conducted of health technology assessment (HTA) agency websites in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. (
  • Routine assessment by nursing staff. (
  • Routine assessment of unmet needs in individuals with advanced cancer and their caregivers: A qualitative study of the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT). (
  • To better understand how to impute within-arm correlation for meta-analyses of continuous outcomes when data are missing, this study describes the range of correlation values in a representative set of studies with sufficient data reported, and simulates the effect of using different correlation values on meta-analysis summary estimates when imputing missing data. (
  • It is common that studies do not report sufficient data to allow meta-analysis of continuous outcomes. (
  • Dr Vallance-Owen said: "Through BUPA's subsidiary company, Outcome Technologies, BUPA has a wealth of expertise and some five years' experience in the collection, analysis and feedback of patient outcomes data. (
  • Compared with usual care, follow-up data for exercise referral schemes showed an increased number of participants who achieved 90-150 minutes of physical activity of at least moderate intensity per week (pooled relative risk 1.16, 95% confidence intervals 1.03 to 1.30) and a reduced level of depression (pooled standardised mean difference −0.82, −1.28 to −0.35). (
  • It should attempt to integrate approaches and knowledge learned across courses and present results to address a health policy or economic issue or a problem identified through the use of either primary or secondary data. (
  • Design We conducted a retrospective cohort study (2006-2012) on data from an integrated healthcare system in southern California. (
  • Compliance with selected Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) CKD recommended targets (monitoring of recommended laboratory data, prescription of recommended medications, and referral to nephrology) was assessed over a 12-mo period, stratified by CKD stage. (
  • Data were obtained from the Composite Health Care System (CHCS) of the NCA. (
  • This database contains an integrated set of demographic data, laboratory results, prescriptions, and International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-9) codes of all beneficiaries seen in the DOD's Tricare health system. (
  • Baseline data included socio-demographic, circumstance-of-living and a detailed wound assessment. (
  • We used Veterans Affairs administrative data to study male UTI treatment and outcomes. (
  • Also the new surveillance data show: a halving in the case fatality rate among SM cases (from 6% to 3.1%) attributable to improved quality of care, and a stable proportion of TFM cases (around 7%) against a defined population denominator. (
  • The SCOAP continuous data collection and feedback loop is proven to improve the quality and safety of surgical and interventional care while decreasing costs. (
  • Big data and analytics have the potential to provide numerous opportunities in healthcare for the application of information technology (IT) and decision sciences to real-time intelligent risk detection and management. (
  • Three case studies using big data and data mining are developed for identifying fraudulent healthcare providers using insurance claims data. (
  • Using data mining, authors elicit minimally predictive rules (MPRs) that are applied to predict heparin-platelet factor 4 (HPF4) antibody test orders from electronic health records. (
  • Future physician workforce planningchanges in medical school capacity and the availability of GME positions as part of a broader strategymake more effective use of the limited physician supply, and to improve productivity;Recognize and respond to physician life-style concernsImprove data collection and workforce studies and expand collaboration among health professions organizations on data and workforce policies. (
  • An analysis of the 1974-82 RAND Health Insurance Experiment data found that chiropractors were the first health care providers seen for 38 percent of episodes of back pain and that chiropractors were the 'primary' provider (i.e., the provider type that delivered the majority of care) for 40 percent of back pain episodes (Shekelle, 1995). (
  • Data standards are the principal informatics component necessary for information flow through the national health information infrastructure. (
  • Common data standards also support effective assimilation of new knowledge into decision support tools, such as an alert of a new drug contraindication, and refinements to the care process. (
  • At the level of the health care organization, the lack of common data standards has prevented information sharing between commercial clinical laboratories and health care facilities, between pharmacies and health care providers regarding prescriptions, and between health care organizations and payers for reimbursement (Hammond, 2002). (
  • The fact that there is no standard means of representing the data for any of these datasets or requirements is astonishing and highlights the amount of unnecessary work performed by health care and regulatory organizations to prepare, transmit, and use what amount to custom reports. (
  • The purpose of this meeting was to understand stakeholders' perspectives on opportunities and barriers to adopting a harmonized approach to clinical assessment and data collection across CSC programs, as envisioned in EPINET, as well as to learn how key aspects of CSC are being measured in community-based CSC programs. (
  • In addition, participants were asked to consider opportunities for efficiently implementing standardized CSC data collection that could support a multi-state learning healthcare system for early psychosis. (
  • Study design for a comprehensive assessment of biologic safety using multiple healthcare data systems. (
  • The Safety Assessment of Biologic Therapy collaborative was federally funded to provide robust estimates of rates and relative risks of adverse events among biologics users using data from national Medicaid and Medicare plus Medicaid dual-eligible programs, Tennessee Medicaid, Kaiser Permanente, and state pharmaceutical assistance programs supplementing New Jersey and Pennsylvania Medicare programs. (
  • Propensity scores were used to control for confounding and enabled pooling of individual-level data across data systems while concealing personal health information. (
  • Our comprehensive assessment provides you with the data and information you need to set yourself up for success with best practices based on NPIAP points of prevention. (
  • Data on outcomes from implemented stepped care were gathered at post-treatment and at long-term follow-up. (
  • Instructor] Health care and medicine…are highly regulated professions…and it shouldn't be too surprising…that some of this applies to data science as well. (
  • First is data privacy in healthcare. (
  • Data analytics plays an increasingly pivotal role in how we go about managing our healthcare systems and our own personal health. (
  • Designed for anyone with a stake in our healthcare system, this nontechnical course explores a variety of ways to apply data science to medicine and public health. (
  • Discover how data science can help predict outbreaks, find cures, help with healthcare costs, and more. (
  • In markets with decentralized health care decision making, PRO data currently have more influence at the local level. (
  • The current aims were to examine: (i) mobiletype as a clinical assistance tool, ii) doctor-patient rapport and, iii) pathways to care. (
  • This study aims to review the literature on the use of mobile phone text message reminders in health care. (
  • Jacomo V , Sartor C , Zandotti C , Atlan-Gepner C , Drancourt M . Nosocomial influenza outbreak in an intensive-care unit. (
  • Meibalane R . Outbreak of influenza in a neonatal intensive care unit. (
  • We evaluated the sensitivity of TIMI score thresholds from 0 to 2 alongside hs-cTnT or hs-cTnI for the primary outcome of major adverse cardiac events within 30 days. (
  • The primary outcome is mental well-being with secondary outcomes related to smoking, physical activity, alcohol consumption and diet. (
  • The primary outcome will inform sample size calculations for a definitive trial. (
  • The primary outcome is the rate of preventable adverse events per 1000 patient days. (
  • Nightingale studied death as her primary outcome, recording the cause of death, including wounds, infections, and other causes. (
  • We investigated the contribution that the three components of the RISC ( concern , its severity , and the ability of the caregiver network to manage concern) make to the accuracy of the instrument, across its three domains (mental state, activities of daily living (ADL), and medical state), by comparing their accuracy to other assessment instruments in the prospective Community Assessment of Risk and Treatment Strategies study. (
  • At each stage you will study one 60-credit compulsory module focusing on current issues across the health and social care sector. (
  • Whether you're involved in care work (paid or unpaid), use services yourself, or simply have a general interest, this course will help you to build knowledge, understanding, and a range of learning skills, as well as preparing you for further study. (
  • This study suggests that mobiletype has much to offer GPs in the often difficult and time-consuming task of assessment and management of youth mental health problems in primary care. (
  • This study followed a cohort of community-dwelling individuals receiving wound-care in a large urban-rural region. (
  • Ultimately the study is intended to drive successful drug development and patient care in multiple myeloma. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of eliminating traditional resident work shifts (i.e. greater than 24 hours in length) on patient safety and resident educational outcomes. (
  • An earlier UK study found that upgrading the primary care environment can increase patient satisfaction [ 4 ]. (
  • The inclusion criteria applied for this review were: quantitative studies, inclusion of at least 20 study subjects, existence of a control and performed in healthcare settings including nursing homes and home care. (
  • Ethics approval This study protocol was approved by the local Ethics Committee of the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine (H29-169), but the requirement for written informed consent was waived due to the retrospective nature of the study. (
  • To demonstrate the power and benefits of integrating these domains, this exploratory study develops a solution framework that combines a real-time intelligent risk detection solution with decision support for a specific healthcare context. (
  • Yesalis (1980), in a study in rural Iowa, found that as chiropractic care increased, medical use also increased. (
  • We can conclude that although SMS reminders are used with different patient groups in health care, SMS is less systematically studied with randomized controlled trial study design. (
  • Chromosome Analysis in the Assessment for Gender Affirmation Process: A Retrospective Study. (
  • The impact of general practitioners' gender on process indicators in Hungarian primary healthcare: a nation-wide cross-sectional study. (
  • The objectives of our study were (1) to investigate the association between gender of the general practitioner (GP) and the quality of primary care in Hungary with respect to process indicators for GP. (
  • This course is design to study learning theories and cognitive science implications for choices and approaches in teaching and learning in Academic Medicine, Veterinary Medicine and other Academic Healthcare Professions. (
  • This course is the study of basic principals and design of curricula in healthcare education. (
  • I use complexity science, organizational and nursing theory to bring together the constructs of communication and decision processes, relationship and interaction, organizational structures, context, resource allocation and health care outcomes. (
  • These processes make up the ways and the context in which professionals and the public search for, understand, and use health information, significantly impacting their health decisions and actions. (
  • Blacks have been shown to experience higher mortality, less access to care, higher risk of renal disease progression, fewer referrals for renal transplantation, and shorter renal allograft survival than Whites ( 1 - 5 ). (
  • The topics for assessment have been based on the most common causes of mortality and morbidity as reported by the Singapore Ministry of Health in their statistics. (
  • The system changes implemented in the AAC approach could be adopted broadly by other health care systems and have tremendous potential to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. (
  • Higher mortality rates from diseases, and even from transportation-related injuries and homicides, may be traceable in part to failings in the health care system. (
  • Further controlled trials may help assess the impact of stapler size on improving patient and quality outcomes. (
  • Barriers to detecting mental health problems include lack of screening tools, limited appointment times and young people's reluctance to report mental health symptoms to GPs. (
  • Strategies for System Change in Children's Mental Health: A Chapter Action Kit " (chapter action kit), 1 "Improving Mental Health Services in Primary Care: Reducing Administrative and Financial Barriers to Access and Collaboration," 2 and "Enhancing Pediatric Mental Health Care: Strategies for Preparing a Community. (
  • Barriers-often arising from the cost of care in the current healthcare system-make the delivery of patient-centered health care increasingly difficult. (
  • Klazinga, N (‎ World Health Organization. (
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2001, 79: 648-656. (
  • SCOAP is administered by the Foundation for Health Care Quality (FHCQ), a non-profit organization serving as ''safe-harbor'' for the multiple groups involved in healthcare improvement projects in Washington State. (
  • The organization of psychosocial care is rather complex, and its provision diverse. (
  • An actionable road map leading to better patient care, greater efficiencies and improved skin health across your organization. (
  • There were also major advances in the organization of care and in record keeping. (
  • and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically. (
  • Familiarity with Direct Healthcare Professional Communications (DHPCs) was high among general practitioners (GPs), cardiologists, and pharmacists across Europe. (
  • At UCLan, our post-qualifying framework (PQF) allows health and social care practitioners to continue their professional development and achieve further qualifications in their field. (
  • The mobiletype program is a mobile phone mental health assessment and management application which monitors mood, stress and everyday activities then transmits this information to general practitioners (GPs) via a secure website in summary format for medical review. (
  • Healthcare practitioners offer pregnant women at increased risk of pre-eclampsia at the booking appointment a prescription of 75 mg of aspirin (unless contraindicated) to take daily from 12 weeks until birth. (
  • In Switzerland, the concept of quality in primary care is being elaborated by a task force established by the occupational union (MFE) of general practitioners (GPs) [ 2 ]. (
  • Patient assessment of quality of care may not describe accurately the standards of the medical practitioners who treat them. (
  • Second, participants valued being engaged as partners with health care practitioners. (
  • Dr Andrew Vallance-Owen, BUPA's group medical director, said the move was a crucial step in helping to improve the quality of healthcare in the UK. (
  • When it comes to PTSD and depression, the MHS demonstrates excellent care in some areas but could improve in others. (
  • How can we capture patient voices in ways that can improve healthcare delivery, cost, and outcomes? (
  • Patient-reported outcomes promote public health and improve the quality of health care. (
  • How can the Health Insurance Marketplaces improve consumers' experiences when shopping for, selecting, and enrolling in affordable health plans during future open-enrollment periods? (
  • Measuring quality of care is essential to improve primary care. (
  • Measuring quality of care is essential to improve primary care, but measuring quality of care is difficult and there is, as yet, no established method to effectively assess quality [ 1 ]. (
  • We hypothesized that upgrading the interior design of an office would improve patient perceptions of quality of care, absent any other changes. (
  • smoking prevalence before and after the introduction of the We describe the efforts of a state health agency to improve access to ces- statewide CCO cigarette smoking incentive metric. (
  • In 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Board of Directors formed the Task Force on Mental Health and charged it with developing strategies to improve the quality of child and adolescent mental health * services in primary care. (
  • Improve patient participation in health care encounters and health literacy. (
  • Phase 2 will involve implementation of this initiative to improve health literacy, patient-provider communication, and health outcomes. (
  • There is an urgent need to reform our healthcare system to improve the lives of individuals who have (or who are at risk for developing) cardiovascular diseases and stroke. (
  • In 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) authorized the establishment of PCORI to carry out CER and improve its quality and relevance. (
  • Improve patient outcomes with the right tools and resources. (
  • We believe it takes a 360-degree view to drive positive change and improve outcomes. (
  • Optimize your formulary with our complete portfolio of products that work together to enhance caregiver and patient compliance, improve skin health and control costs. (
  • Chekan E, Whelan RL (2014) Surgical stapling device-tissue interactions: what surgeons need to know to improve patient outcomes. (
  • Some suggestions are made on how to improve stepped care. (
  • Use health communication strategies and health information technology to improve population health outcomes and health care quality, and to achieve health equity. (
  • During World War I, intense efforts to improve the outcomes of care for battle casualties, with careful attention to outcomes led to major advances in orthopedic surgery, plastic surgery, blood transfusion and the prevention of tetanus and gangrene. (
  • The skills required for advanced comprehensive physical, mental, behavioural and psychosocial assessment as well as the advanced pathophysiology and pharmacological issues will be explored and practiced in this course. (
  • The curriculum includes the following content specified by the Singapore Nursing Board curriculum requirements: Health and Physical assessment, Teaching and Learning, Pathophysiology, Applied Pharmacology, and Behavioural Sciences and Sociology. (
  • BCG has a variety of proven benchmarks, tools, and frameworks to help health care payers and providers drive growth and lower costs. (
  • BCG is helping payers, providers & services survive and thrive in an increasingly complex health care market. (
  • Subscribe to our Health Care Payers, Providers & Services E-Alert. (
  • In the United States, health care delivery (and financing) is deeply fragmented across thousands of health systems and payers and across government (e.g. (
  • BACKGROUND: Health authorities and payers increasingly recognize the importance of patient perspectives and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in health care decision making. (
  • Millions of Americans provide informal care and support to current and former U.S. service members. (
  • Americans have poor health outcomes despite spending much more than other industrialized nations on health care. (
  • Chiropractors already play a significant role in health care delivery for many Americans. (
  • 1,2 Unfortunately, millions of adult Americans lack adequate health literacy skills. (
  • Under the 2010 Affordable Care Act, millions of Americans gained health coverage in 2014. (
  • The importance of selecting an appropriate patient-reported outcome measure is specifically emphasised in the paediatric population. (
  • An exemplar population receiving the majority of their care in the community are those suffering from chronic wounds. (
  • Introduction People with experience of the criminal justice system typically have worse physical and mental health, lower levels of mental well-being and have less healthy lifestyles than the general population. (
  • A relatively low rate of MR pathogens is observed and severity of illness and organ dysfunction seems to be the best predictors of outcome in this population. (
  • Institutional guidelines for transgender children and adolescent minors fail to adequately address a critical juncture of care of this population: how to proceed if a minor and their parents have disa. (
  • According to the 2012 Community Health Needs Assessment, about 41% of the population lives under 200% of the federal poverty level, higher than the state or national averages. (
  • OUTLINE: Caregivers (CG) complete written questionnaires assessing demographics, positive and negative affect, dispositional inhibition, marital satisfaction, and physical health over 45 minutes to 1 hour on day 1. (
  • Limited skin health knowledge means caregivers lack confidence. (
  • None of the included trials separately reported outcomes in individuals with specific medical diagnoses. (
  • Medical care in the DOD direct care system is provided without cost and without the need for qualification based on existing conditions. (
  • Combining its expertise in health and defense policy, RAND examines policy issues surrounding military medical care needs and the systems intended to meet them. (
  • An adverse event will be defined as any unplanned injury arising as a consequence of medical care that is associated with morbidity, requires treatment, prolongs hospital stay, or results in disability at discharge. (
  • [4] At 28 weeks, more than 90% of babies can survive outside of the uterus if provided with high-quality medical care. (
  • Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. (
  • Several studies have examined whether chiropractic care substitutes for medical care. (
  • Thus, to date, there is no evidence that chiropractic care substitutes for medical care. (
  • The task force proposes incrementally applying chronic care principles to the care of children with mental health and substance abuse problems as primary care clinicians apply them to the care of children with chronic medical conditions such as asthma. (
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Medical Care. (
  • 10 Improving patient health literacy and patient-provider communication is key in decreasing repeat medical visits, enhancing patient experiences and health outcomes, and decreasing healthcare provider burden. (
  • When breast cancer occurs in young women, the medical, physical, psychosocial, and overall impacts can be more severe warranting targeted medical and psychosocial oncology care. (
  • Providence Health is looking for an experienced Registered Nurse to join our Medical Telemetry Unit for the Downtown Campus. (
  • Primary care is provided at the Lancaster and Palmdale Medical Offices. (
  • Consequently, the field is more multi-disciplinary, involving, in addition to healthcare professionals and the manufacturers of medical devices or pharmaceuticals, medical economists, sociologists, and public health researchers. (
  • Real-life case studies will give you an insight into what it is like to experience care and of working in care services. (
  • Health trainers have worked with offenders in the community to provide support for lifestyle change, enhance mental well-being and signpost to appropriate services. (
  • General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 2 ICOVED Project Director, Directorate General of Health Services, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (
  • Funded by the US Department of Health & Human Services, the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the Division of AIDS. (
  • In fact, chiropractic users tended to use all health services with more frequency. (
  • Moreover, most studies have shown decreases in the cost of care or reductions in the use of health services. (
  • Systematic knowledge is still lacking on how the mobile telephone text messaging (short message service, SMS) has been used in health care services. (
  • Health literacy is "the degree to which individuals can obtain, process and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions. (
  • Older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) require considerable health services and complex care. (
  • The full range of evidence-based healthcare services, including prevention and treatment, must be readily available to all who can benefit from them. (
  • Dr. Snyder has also conducted multiple studies using large databases to examine the quality of care for cancer survivors -- including preventive and primary care services, comorbid condition care, and cancer follow-up. (
  • Several national health care-based smoking cessation initiatives have been recommended to facilitate the delivery of evidence-based treatments, such as quitline (telephone-based tobacco cessation services) assistance. (
  • O ne explanation for the health disadvantage of the United States relative to other high-income countries might be deficiencies in health services. (
  • Effective use of communication and technology by health care and public health professionals can bring about an age of patient- and public-centered health information and services. (
  • Both public and private institutions are increasingly using the Internet and other technologies to streamline the delivery of health information and services. (
  • The increase in online health information and services challenges users with limited literacy skills or limited experience using the Internet. (
  • Based in Oakland, CA, Kaiser Permanente (KP) is a nonprofit integrated healthcare delivery system providing both insurance and health care services. (
  • Longstanding debate about how to ensure and measure excellent healthcare abounds. (
  • In order to further explore this qualitative outcome measure, during focus groups with nurses specific questions will be used to probe the perceived level of impact on nursing. (
  • An exclusive BCG framework is helping health care organizations measure where different countries are in their development towards delivering greater value in health care. (
  • Efforts to support consumers in making wise purchasing decisions and using health insurance to their advantage would benefit from the development of a valid and reliable measure to assess health insurance literacy. (
  • This article reports on the development of the Health Insurance Literacy Measure, a self-assessment measure of consumers' ability to select and use private health insurance. (
  • Which Part of a Short, Global Risk Assessment, the Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community, Predicts Adverse Healthcare Outcomes? (
  • More recently, instruments to identify specific adverse outcomes have been developed. (
  • Institutionalisation in turn is associated with other adverse outcomes such as risk of death [ 12 ]. (
  • Preventable adverse events will be defined as those adverse events that could have been avoided given current knowledge and standards of care. (
  • Separate reports will provide outcome definitions and estimated hazard ratios for adverse events. (
  • In the long term, further benefits would be gained from extending standard outcome measurement to cover more surgical procedures and chronic disease treatments. (
  • The promise of molecular targeted therapeutics and personalized cancer care has been demonstrated in breast and lung cancer and chronic myeloid leukemia. (
  • Most practices will not be able to implement quickly all or even most of the elements of the chronic care model. (
  • If differences in care between Blacks and Whites observed in the United States are at least in part due to differences in insurance coverage or other financial factors, Black and White beneficiaries in the DOD health system should have less racial disparity in care provided by a similar group of primary care physicians and nephrologists than reported nationally. (
  • This is especially concerning as health literacy is considered to be a stronger predictor of an individual's health status than other socioeconomic factors such as age, education, employment, and income. (
  • RightEye Neuro Vision™ , a two-minute test that helps healthcare providers more clearly understand the severity of a patient's head trauma and better assess recovery over time. (
  • BUPA has been using an outcomes measurement programme for a number of years. (
  • BUPA was unique in setting up the UK's first outcomes measurement programme," Dr Vallance-Owen said. (
  • This effort aimed to recommend a concise portfolio of valid, clinically relevant, cross-cutting indicators for internal measurement of hospice and palliative care. (
  • Health status measurement : a brief but critical introduction / Crispin Jenkinson and Hannah McGee. (
  • and physical health , mental health , and social role function, along with gait speed measurement. (
  • Functional health literacy and the risk of hospital admission among Medicare managed care enrollees. (
  • Nesbakken A, Nygaard K, Lunde OC (2001) Outcome and late functional results after anastomotic leakage following mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. (
  • This provided a unique opportunity to enroll them as a "choice" cohort, following them in the same manner as the trial participants but allowing them to select their setting of care. (
  • Fourth, participants shared that they were unfamiliar with the health care system and insurance industry before their accident. (
  • This module will draw from health psychological theory relevant to the experience of illness, pain, disability and healthcare. (
  • Evidence of cultural, group and individual differences in these will be considered in terms of how they moderate or mediate illness outcomes. (
  • The Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC) is a short, global risk assessment to identify community-dwelling older adults' one-year risk of institutionalisation, hospitalisation, and death. (
  • This quality statement updates and replaces Quality statement 7: Risk assessment - pre-eclampsia in Antenatal care (NICE quality standard 22). (
  • The rapid increase of service demands in healthcare contexts today has reignited the importance of a robust risk assessment framework supported by real-time service handling in order to ensure superior decision-making and successful healthcare outcomes. (
  • The 2016 update to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) CG95 Chest Pain of Recent Onset guidelines proposes a step change in the use of biomarkers for the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). (
  • Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. (
  • Sign up for Insight Alerts highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. (
  • The largest amount is for studies of mental or behavioral health, followed by cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. (
  • Many early PCORI studies focused on systems questions, such as care transitions, use of community health workers, and health coaching. (
  • The outcomes of implemented care were compared with the outcomes of specialist care reported in previous studies ( n = 583). (
  • Several studies have addressed the technical, architectural, and energy aspects of providing optimal lighting conditions in different areas of a healthcare facility and are not reviewed here. (
  • Drug name, treatment duration, and outcomes (recurrence and Clostridium difficile infection during 12 months) were recorded for index cases. (
  • San Keller explains the value of such outcomes in promoting public health and improving the quality of health care. (
  • Therefore, establishing minimum effective antimicrobial treatment durations is an important public health goal. (
  • This approach has become inadequate, however, as the public health emphasis has changed from surveillance of laboratory-confirmed malaria infections to the early detection and treatment of the disease. (
  • Medicaid and public health agencies can work together to reduce tobacco tions). (
  • Dr. Snyder holds a Joint Appointment in Health Policy and Management with the Bloomberg School of Public Health. (
  • Health communication and health information technology (IT) are central to health care, public health, and the way our society views health. (
  • Monitoring and assessing the impact of these new media, including mobile health, on public health will be challenging. (
  • This is a module which has been developed for nurses who wish to enhance their acute patient assessment and monitoring skills in the intensive care setting. (
  • As an example in Canada, acute care facilities have downsized, with more conditions managed and procedures performed on an outpatient basis. (
  • Weingarten S , Friedlander M , Rascon D , Ault M , Morgan M , Meyer RD . Influenza surveillance in an acute-care hospital. (
  • Engage staff in interactive education with this ready-to-go, facility-led system for both acute and post-acute care settings. (
  • This review summarizes HSPA domains and indicators used by Member States in their HSPA or health system-related reports. (
  • Length of hospital stay, hospitalisation costs and care indicators. (
  • Initiates an individualized nursing care plan and evaluates variances to expected course. (
  • Coordinates and assures completion of care as ordered by physicians and as planned in the nursing care plan. (
  • On completion of this undergraduate course, we'll award you the Certificate in Health and Social Care. (
  • With outcomes being similar, health care planners and decision-makers, as well as individuals and their families, can feel confident that the setting of care will not impact the outcomes. (
  • the use of interventional care for claudication, the role of antibiotics in appendicitis, the value of elective surgery for diverticulitis, the impact of non-steroidal pain medication on outcomes and the effect of hyperglycemia on surgical infections. (
  • The objectives in this topic area describe many ways health communication and health IT can have a positive impact on health, health care, and health equity. (
  • For the remaining 60 credits of each stage, you will choose between option modules exploring particular issues or client groups in more depth, for example, mental health, older adults, children and young people or health and wellbeing. (
  • Service providers (primary care and secondary care) should ensure that adults on a high‑intensity statin who have side effects are offered a lower dose or an alternative statin. (
  • Healthcare professionals offer a lower dose or an alternative statin to adults who have side effects from a high‑intensity statin. (
  • According to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, only 12% of adults have proficient health literacy skills in the United States. (
  • 3 This means 9 out of 10 adults may not possess adequate and appropriate skills needed to address their health. (
  • Community care has become an increasingly important element within health care systems everywhere. (
  • Conclusion: Evidence generated from large healthcare encounter and reimbursement databases is increasingly being sought by decision‐makers. (
  • Pathways to care was measured using The Party Project's Exit Interview. (
  • Mixed model analysis showed no differences in GP-patient rapport nor in pathways to care. (