Osteotomy, Le Fort
Joint Deformities, Acquired
Hip Dislocation, Congenital
Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus
Range of Motion, Articular
Jaw Fixation Techniques
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Femur Head Necrosis
Leg Length Inequality
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Recovery of Function
Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
Foot Deformities, Acquired
Orthopedic Fixation Devices
Quantitative assessment of the morphology of the pig's head used as a model in surgical experimentation. Part 1: Methods of Measurements. (1/1315)Thirty-two surface measurements were described for assessment of the effect of complex surgical operations on the skeleton of the face in pigs. The methods of measurements imitate those of anthropometry. The surface measurements can complement cephalometry with data about the changes in the soft tissue and thus improve the documentation of the effect of surgery. This paper can help in the evaluation of complicated osteotomy procedures using the pig as the animal model, for facial reconstruction research in humans. (+info)
Long-term results of spherical acetabular osteotomy. (2/1315)We have examined the effect of the Wagner spherical acetabular osteotomy on preserving the joint in 38 hips with a mean follow-up of 17 years. At the time of the initial operation, 55% of patients had clinical symptoms and 30 joints showed minimal or absent radiological signs of osteoarthritis. At follow-up, 54% of patients had a good functional result. The osteotomy improved the mean centre-edge angle from -3 degrees to +15 degrees, the mean anterior centre-edge angle to 23 degrees and the acetabular head index to 75%. The obliquity of the acetabular roof decreased from 28 degrees to 16 degrees. One patient improved, but 14 deteriorated with joint degeneration. Of these, one progressed because of postoperative deep-tissue infection and five due to undercorrection. One patient needed total joint replacement after 14 years. At 17 years after operation, Wagner osteotomy had prevented progression of secondary arthritis in 63% of cases. (+info)
Fractures of the posteromedial process of the talus. A report of two cases. (3/1315)The authors present two cases of fractures of posteromedial process of talus. One was treated conservatively and the other by excision. The appearances of the CT scans, the therapeutic options and the mechanisms of injury are discussed. (+info)
The orthopaedic aspects of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia. (4/1315)Five cases of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) were treated from 1985-1996 at the Orthopaedics and Trauma Department of SSK Izmir Educational Hospital. Four patients were female and one was male. The pedigrees of the first two female patients had the same features of inter-related marriages. The patients have been followed up for 5.5-11 years (average of 7.5 years). Surgical operations were mostly required in the lower limbs. Problems in the hips required adductor myotomy, the Soutter procedure, total hip replacement, and pertrochanteric extension osteotomy. Management of the knees required supracondylar shortening and extension osteotomy of the femur, high tibial extension osteotomy, debridement of the knee joint with removal of osteophytes, ogleotomy of the patellar lengthening of the knee flexors and posterior capsulotomy. Interphalangeal arthrodesis for hammer toes, extension osteotomy of the head of the first metatarsals, and Kellers operation were carried out in the foot. In the upper limb decompression and anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve, debridement of the elbow joint, extension and valgus osteotomy of the distal radius, and extension osteotomy of the head of the first metacarpal were required. (+info)
Malunion in the lower limb. A nomogram to predict the effects of osteotomy. (5/1315)Nomograms derived from mathematical analysis indicate that the level of malunion is the most important determinant of changes in the moment arm of the knee, the plane of the ankle and alterations in limb length. Testing in five patients undergoing reconstruction showed a mean error of postoperative limb length of 2.2 mm (SD 0.8 mm), knee moment arm of 4.7 mm (SD 3.3 mm) and ankle angle of 2.6 degrees (SD 2.3 degrees). These nomograms provide the information required when assessing whether a particular degree of angulation may be accepted. (+info)
Anatomical changes in the pelvis after modified Chiari pelvic osteotomy. (6/1315)Although plain X-ray analysis is able to reveal anatomical changes in the frontal plane of the pelvis after Chiari pelvic osteotomy involving medial displacement (medialization) in the distal fragment and lateral displacement (lateralization) in the proximal fragment, changes in the horizontal or sagittal plane can not be discerned. Here, I have investigated three dimensional changes in the pelvis using CT in 22 patients before and after Chiari pelvic osteotomy. The various changes were investigated. Medialization in the distal fragment (average 0.4 cm) occurred in the 14 cases and to a slight extent in the other 8 cases. Also anterior or posterior displacement, and anterior rotation occurred in the distal fragment. Lateralization in the proximal fragment (average 0.8 cm) occurred in 19 cases and to a slight extent in the other 3 cases. Furthermore, the acetabular coverage over the femoral head, assessed by superimposing the acetabular region over the femoral head, improved by about 30% of the anterior half of femoral head and by about 20% of the posterior half of femoral head. It is suggested that the acetabular coverage over the femoral head is most affected by lateralization in the proximal fragment. (+info)
Core cutter for harvesting cortical bone grafts for reconstructions of the ossicular chain. (7/1315)Cortical bone autografts have been used to reconstruct the ossicular chain for more than 30 years. We describe a core cutter burr which facilitates the rapid harvesting of grafts which are suitable for a number of different types of reconstruction. The use of these grafts to reconstruct different defects of the ossicular chain is also presented. (+info)
Lumbar osteotomy for correction of thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity in ankylosing spondylitis. A structured review of three methods of treatment. (8/1315)OBJECTIVES: Three operative techniques have been described to correct thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity (TLKD) resulting from ankylosing spondylitis (AS) at the level of the lumbar spine: opening wedge osteotomy, polysegmental wedge osteotomies, and closing wedge osteotomy. Little knowledge exists on the indication for, and outcome of these corrective lumbar osteotomies. METHODS: A structured review of the medical literature was performed. RESULTS: A search of the literature revealed 856 patients reported in 41 articles published between 1945 and 1998. The mean age at time of operation was 41 years, male-female ratio 7.5 to 1. In 451 patients an open wedge osteotomy was performed. Polysegmental wedge osteotomies were performed in 249 patients and a closing wedge osteotomy in 156 patients. Most of the studies primarily focus on the surgical technique. Technical outcome data were poorly reported. Sixteen reports, including 523 patients, met the inclusion criteria of this study, and could be analysed for technical outcome data. The average correction achieved with each surgical techniques ranged from 37 to 40 degrees. Loss of correction was mainly reported in patients treated by open wedge osteotomy and polysegmental wedge osteotomies. Neurological complications were reported in all three techniques. The perioperative mortality was 4%. Pulmonary, cardiac and intestinal problems were found to be the major cause of fatal complications. CONCLUSION: Lumbar osteotomy for correction of TLKD resulting from AS is a major surgery. The indication for these lumbar osteotomies as well as the degree of correction in the lumbar spine has not yet been established. Furthermore, there is a need for a generally accepted clinical score that encompasses accurate preoperative and postoperative assessment of the spinal deformity. The results of this review suggest that the data from the literature are not suitable for decision making with regard to surgical treatment of TLKD resulting from AS. (+info)
Joint deformities, acquired, refer to abnormal changes in the shape or structure of a joint that occur after birth or as a result of injury, disease, or other factors. These deformities can affect the alignment of the bones in the joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. Examples of acquired joint deformities include arthritis, fractures, dislocations, and joint infections. Treatment for acquired joint deformities may include physical therapy, medication, surgery, or a combination of these approaches, depending on the underlying cause and severity of the deformity.
Hip dislocation, congenital refers to a condition where the hip joint is not properly developed or positioned at birth, resulting in the ball of the femur (thigh bone) not fitting properly into the socket of the pelvis. This can cause the hip to be unstable and prone to dislocation, which is when the ball of the femur moves out of the socket. There are several types of congenital hip dislocation, including developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which is the most common type, and slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), which is a less common type that occurs in older children and adolescents. Treatment for congenital hip dislocation typically involves a combination of physical therapy, bracing, and, in some cases, surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent long-term complications such as arthritis and reduced mobility.
In the medical field, "Fractures, Malunited" refers to a type of bone injury where a bone has been broken and has not healed properly, resulting in an incorrect alignment or position of the bone fragments. This can occur when the bone fails to heal in the correct position due to various factors such as improper immobilization, lack of blood supply to the bone, or underlying medical conditions. Malunited fractures can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected area. They can also lead to long-term complications such as arthritis, joint stiffness, and reduced function. Treatment options for malunited fractures may include surgery to realign the bone fragments and stabilize the area, physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength, and pain management to alleviate discomfort.
Hallux valgus is a medical condition characterized by a deviation of the big toe (hallux) away from the midline of the foot, causing it to angle outward. This condition is also known as bunion deformity. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, foot structure, and footwear that does not fit properly. Hallux valgus can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty walking, and in severe cases, may require surgical correction.
The acetabulum is a cup-shaped socket located in the pelvis that receives and articulates with the head of the femur (thigh bone) to form the hip joint. It is an important part of the skeletal system and plays a crucial role in weight-bearing and movement of the lower extremities. The acetabulum is formed by the fusion of several bones during fetal development and is covered by a layer of articular cartilage that allows for smooth movement of the femur within the socket. Injuries or disorders of the acetabulum can lead to hip pain, instability, and limited mobility.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCPD) is a condition that affects the hip joint in children. It is a type of avascular necrosis, which means that the blood supply to the bone in the hip joint is cut off, causing the bone to die and break down. This can lead to pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected hip. LCPD typically affects boys between the ages of 4 and 10, and the symptoms usually develop gradually over several months. The most common symptom is pain in the hip, which may be worse when the child is running, jumping, or climbing stairs. The child may also have difficulty walking or may limp. Diagnosis of LCPD is typically made through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI, and blood tests to check for signs of inflammation. Treatment for LCPD typically involves rest, pain management, and physical therapy to help the child regain strength and range of motion in the affected hip. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged bone. With proper treatment, most children with LCPD are able to recover fully and have few long-term complications.
In the medical field, bone plates are surgical implants used to stabilize and repair fractures or other injuries to bones. They are typically made of metal, such as titanium or stainless steel, and are designed to fit precisely onto the bone to provide support and promote healing. Bone plates are usually secured to the bone using screws, pins, or other types of fixation devices. They can be used to treat a wide range of bone injuries, including fractures, dislocations, and osteotomies (surgical cuts made in bones to realign them). The use of bone plates has revolutionized the treatment of bone injuries, allowing for faster and more accurate healing, and reducing the risk of complications such as nonunion (failure of the bone to heal) or malunion (healing of the bone in the wrong position).
Hip dislocation is a medical condition in which the head of the femur (thigh bone) is displaced from its socket in the pelvis. This can occur due to trauma, such as a fall or a car accident, or it can be a congenital condition present at birth. There are two types of hip dislocations: anterior (forward) and posterior (backward). Anterior dislocations are more common and occur when the femoral head is pushed forward out of the socket. Posterior dislocations are less common and occur when the femoral head is pushed backward out of the socket. Symptoms of hip dislocation may include severe pain, difficulty moving the affected leg, and the inability to bear weight on the affected side. Treatment for hip dislocation typically involves reduction, which is the process of returning the femoral head to its proper position in the socket. This may be done manually or with the use of surgery. After reduction, the hip may be immobilized in a cast or brace for several weeks to allow it to heal properly. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help restore strength and range of motion to the affected hip.
Bone lengthening, also known as limb lengthening or distraction osteogenesis, is a surgical procedure used to increase the length of a bone. This procedure is typically performed to correct limb length discrepancies, such as those caused by a congenital defect, a fracture that did not heal properly, or a difference in leg length that has caused chronic pain or other problems. During the procedure, a device called an external fixator is attached to the bone above and below the area where lengthening is desired. The fixator is then gradually tightened over a period of several weeks, causing the bone to slowly lengthen. This process is called distraction osteogenesis. Bone lengthening can be a complex and time-consuming procedure, and it is typically only recommended for patients who have significant limb length discrepancies that cannot be corrected with other methods. The procedure may also be associated with some risks and complications, such as infection, nerve damage, and blood clots. However, when performed by a skilled surgeon, bone lengthening can be an effective way to improve a patient's quality of life and alleviate chronic pain.
Bone malalignment refers to a condition where the bones in the body are not aligned properly, resulting in an abnormal position or orientation of the bones. This can occur due to a variety of factors, including injury, genetic factors, or developmental abnormalities. In the medical field, bone malalignment can be a serious condition that can lead to pain, limited mobility, and other complications. It can affect any part of the body, including the spine, hips, knees, and feet. Treatment for bone malalignment depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In some cases, conservative treatments such as physical therapy, braces, or orthotics may be sufficient to correct the alignment. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and restore proper function.
"Bone Diseases, Developmental" refers to a group of medical conditions that affect the development and growth of bones in the body. These conditions can be caused by genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, or other factors that disrupt the normal process of bone formation and remodeling. Examples of developmental bone diseases include: 1. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder that causes bones to be weak and brittle, making them prone to fractures. 2. Rickets: A vitamin D deficiency that leads to softening and weakening of bones, particularly in children. 3. Osteopetrosis: A rare genetic disorder that causes bones to become abnormally dense and brittle, leading to fractures and other complications. 4. Osteomalacia: A vitamin D deficiency that causes bones to become soft and weak, particularly in adults. 5. Fibrous dysplasia: A genetic disorder that causes abnormal bone growth, leading to deformities and fractures. Treatment for developmental bone diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. In some cases, medications or supplements may be prescribed to address underlying hormonal or nutritional imbalances. In other cases, surgery may be necessary to correct bone deformities or repair fractures. Physical therapy and other supportive measures may also be recommended to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
Kyphosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine, resulting in a forward) or hunched posture. It can occur in the thoracic spine (upper back) or the lumbar spine (lower back), and can be caused by a variety of factors, including aging, osteoporosis, spinal injuries, and certain medical conditions such as scoliosis or ankylosing spondylitis. In severe cases, kyphosis can lead to pain, reduced mobility, and breathing difficulties. Treatment options may include physical therapy, bracing, and in some cases, surgery. Early detection and treatment are important to prevent complications and improve quality of life.
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that involves replacing or resurfacing a damaged or diseased joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis. The goal of arthroplasty is to relieve pain, restore function, and improve the quality of life of patients with joint disorders such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and hip or knee injuries. There are several types of arthroplasty procedures, including total hip arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty, partial knee arthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty, and total elbow arthroplasty. During the procedure, the damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic components that are designed to mimic the natural joint's movement and function. Arthroplasty is a highly effective treatment for joint disorders and can provide significant pain relief and improved mobility for patients. However, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks, including infection, blood clots, and complications with anesthesia. Therefore, it is essential to discuss the potential risks and benefits of arthroplasty with a qualified healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure.
Femur head necrosis, also known as avascular necrosis of the femoral head, is a medical condition in which the bone tissue in the upper part of the thigh bone (femur) dies due to a lack of blood supply. This can occur as a result of a variety of factors, including injury, illness, or certain medications. The condition can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected joint, and may eventually lead to the need for joint replacement surgery.
Leg length inequality (LLI) refers to a condition where one leg is longer than the other. This can result in a difference in the length of the lower limbs, which can cause discomfort, pain, and other symptoms. LLI can be caused by a variety of factors, including birth defects, accidents, and diseases such as osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. Treatment for LLI may include shoe inserts, orthotics, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Osteoarthritis, Hip is a degenerative joint disease that affects the hip joint. It is the most common form of arthritis in adults and is caused by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the bones in the joint. As the cartilage wears away, the bones in the joint rub against each other, causing pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Osteoarthritis of the hip can affect one or both hips and can progress slowly over time. It is often associated with aging, but can also occur in younger people as a result of injury or other factors. Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the hip may include pain management, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery.
In the medical field, bone screws are a type of orthopedic implant used to stabilize and secure bones during surgery. They are typically made of metal and are designed to be inserted into the bone to provide support and hold the bone in place while it heals. Bone screws are commonly used in orthopedic procedures such as fracture repair, joint replacement, and spinal surgery. They are usually inserted using a specialized surgical tool, and may be secured with a plate or other type of fixation device to provide additional stability. There are many different types of bone screws, including cortical screws, cancellous screws, and pedicle screws, which are used in different parts of the body and for different types of procedures. The specific type of bone screw used will depend on the location and severity of the injury or condition being treated, as well as the surgeon's preference and experience.
Epiphyses, slipped, also known as slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), is a medical condition that occurs in children and adolescents, typically between the ages of 9 and 16. It is a type of injury to the growth plate (epiphysis) at the top of the thigh bone (femur), where it meets the shaft of the bone. In SCFE, the growth plate becomes weakened and slips out of position, causing the head of the femur to move above or below the shaft of the bone. This can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty walking or bearing weight on the affected leg. In severe cases, the condition can cause the growth plate to close prematurely, leading to a shorter or deformed thigh bone. SCFE is typically treated with non-surgical methods, such as rest, pain medication, and physical therapy. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the growth plate and stabilize the femur. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent long-term complications and ensure proper growth and development of the affected leg.
Postoperative complications are adverse events that occur after a surgical procedure. They can range from minor issues, such as bruising or discomfort, to more serious problems, such as infection, bleeding, or organ damage. Postoperative complications can occur for a variety of reasons, including surgical errors, anesthesia errors, infections, allergic reactions to medications, and underlying medical conditions. They can also be caused by factors such as poor nutrition, dehydration, and smoking. Postoperative complications can have serious consequences for patients, including prolonged hospital stays, additional surgeries, and even death. Therefore, it is important for healthcare providers to take steps to prevent postoperative complications and to promptly recognize and treat them if they do occur.
Joint instability refers to a condition in which the bones of a joint are not able to maintain their normal position and alignment. This can occur due to injury, disease, or other factors that cause the ligaments, tendons, or muscles that support the joint to become weakened or damaged. Joint instability can result in pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected joint. In severe cases, it can lead to long-term disability and chronic pain. Treatment for joint instability may include physical therapy, bracing, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
In the medical field, bone wires are thin, flexible wires made of metal or other materials that are used to stabilize and reinforce broken bones. They are typically inserted into the bone through a small incision and secured in place using screws or other devices. Bone wires are commonly used in orthopedic surgery to treat fractures, particularly in areas of the body where the bone is difficult to access or where there is a risk of nerve or blood vessel damage. They can also be used to treat other conditions, such as osteoporosis, where the bone is weak and prone to fractures.
Osteochondritis is a medical condition that affects the cartilage and underlying bone in a joint. It is commonly referred to as "septic arthritis" or "infected arthritis" because it can be caused by an infection in the joint. Osteochondritis can occur in any joint in the body, but it is most commonly seen in the knee, ankle, and elbow. The condition is more common in children and adolescents, but it can also occur in adults. The symptoms of osteochondritis can include joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and redness. In some cases, the joint may also become warm to the touch. The pain may be worse when the joint is moved or when weight is placed on it. Treatment for osteochondritis typically involves antibiotics to treat the infection, as well as rest and physical therapy to help the joint heal. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or repair the joint.
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is a common condition that affects the knee joint. It is a type of arthritis that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in the joint breaks down, leading to inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Over time, the bones may rub against each other, causing damage to the joint and reducing its ability to move freely. Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common cause of knee pain and disability, particularly in older adults. It can affect one or both knees and can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, injury, and genetics. Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the knee may include medications, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery.
Humeral fractures refer to fractures of the humerus bone, which is the long bone in the upper arm. The humerus is the largest bone in the upper limb and is responsible for supporting the weight of the upper arm and allowing movement of the elbow and shoulder joints. Humeral fractures can occur as a result of direct trauma, such as a fall or a car accident, or as a result of repetitive stress on the bone, such as in athletes or people who perform repetitive arm movements. There are several types of humeral fractures, including: 1. Simple fractures: These are clean breaks in the bone that do not involve any displacement or dislocation. 2. Comminuted fractures: These are fractures that involve multiple pieces of bone that have broken apart. 3. Oblique fractures: These are fractures that occur at an angle to the long axis of the bone. 4. Transverse fractures: These are fractures that occur in a straight line across the bone. 5. Shaft fractures: These are fractures that occur in the middle of the humerus bone. Humeral fractures can be treated with a variety of methods, including casting, surgery, and physical therapy. The choice of treatment depends on the type and severity of the fracture, as well as the age and overall health of the patient.
Bone transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a piece of healthy bone is taken from one part of the body and transplanted to another part of the body where there is a deficiency or damage to the bone. The transplanted bone can be used to replace a missing bone, to repair a broken bone, or to stabilize a bone that is at risk of breaking. There are several types of bone transplantation, including autografts, allografts, and synthetic bone grafts. Autografts involve taking bone from one part of the body and transplanting it to another part of the body. Allografts involve taking bone from a donor and transplanting it to the recipient. Synthetic bone grafts are made from materials such as ceramics or polymers and are used when there is not enough healthy bone available for transplantation. Bone transplantation is typically performed under general anesthesia and may require a hospital stay for several days. After the procedure, the transplanted bone will need time to heal and integrate with the surrounding tissue. Physical therapy may be recommended to help the patient regain strength and mobility in the affected area.
A bony callus is a hard, dense mass of bone tissue that forms on the surface of a bone in response to injury or healing. It is a natural process that occurs when the bone is broken or damaged, and new bone tissue is laid down to repair the injury. The bony callus helps to stabilize the bone and prevent further damage, and it eventually fades away as the bone heals completely. Bony calluses can also form on the ends of long bones, such as the femur or tibia, in response to repetitive stress or overuse. They are typically asymptomatic and do not require treatment unless they cause pain or interfere with normal function.
Tibial fractures are breaks or fractures in the tibia, which is the larger of the two bones in the lower leg. The tibia is located between the knee and ankle and is responsible for supporting the weight of the body. Tibial fractures can occur as a result of trauma, such as a fall or a car accident, or as a complication of osteoporosis or other bone diseases. Symptoms of a tibial fracture may include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected leg. Treatment for tibial fractures may include immobilization with a cast or brace, surgery to repair the fracture, and physical therapy to help the bone heal and regain strength.
Femoral fractures are breaks or fractures that occur in the femur, which is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. The femur is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the weight of the body and facilitating movement of the lower limbs. Femoral fractures can occur as a result of a direct blow to the thigh, a fall from a height, or a severe impact during a motor vehicle accident. They can also occur as a complication of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more susceptible to fractures. Femoral fractures can be classified based on their location, severity, and the presence of any associated injuries. Some common types of femoral fractures include: 1. Intertrochanteric fractures: These occur in the region between the greater and lesser trochanters, which are bony projections on the femur. 2. Subtrochanteric fractures: These occur below the greater trochanter and are often associated with a high risk of complications. 3. Femoral neck fractures: These occur at the junction between the shaft and the neck of the femur and are often associated with a high risk of complications, including nonunion and avascular necrosis. 4. Shaft fractures: These occur in the middle of the femur and can be caused by a direct blow or a fall from a height. Femoral fractures can be treated with a variety of methods, including surgery, casting, and physical therapy. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the fracture, the patient's overall health, and the presence of any associated injuries. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and stabilize the fracture, while in other cases, casting or physical therapy may be sufficient for proper healing.
Foot deformities, acquired, refer to any abnormality or deviation from the normal shape or structure of the foot that is not present at birth but develops over time due to various factors such as injury, illness, or aging. These deformities can affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and skin of the foot and can range from mild to severe. Acquired foot deformities can be caused by a variety of factors, including: * Trauma or injury, such as a broken bone or sprain * Overuse or repetitive stress, such as from running or walking * Illness or disease, such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis * Aging or degenerative changes * Genetic factors Some common examples of acquired foot deformities include bunions, hammertoes, flat feet, and plantar fasciitis. Treatment for acquired foot deformities depends on the specific condition and severity, and may include conservative measures such as rest, ice, and physical therapy, as well as more invasive procedures such as surgery.
Intra-articular fractures are fractures that occur within a joint, typically involving the articular surface of one or more bones. These fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including trauma, osteoporosis, and certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Intra-articular fractures can be classified based on the location of the fracture within the joint. For example, a fracture that occurs on the articular surface of the femur is called a femoral neck fracture, while a fracture that occurs on the articular surface of the tibia is called a tibial plateau fracture. Intra-articular fractures can be treated with a variety of methods, depending on the severity of the fracture and the location of the joint involved. Treatment options may include conservative methods such as immobilization and physical therapy, or surgical methods such as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or arthroscopic surgery. The goal of treatment is to restore the function of the joint and prevent complications such as arthritis and joint stiffness.
In the medical field, a torsion abnormality refers to a condition in which a structure, such as a testicle or ovary, twists on its own axis. This can cause a blockage of blood flow to the affected organ, leading to pain, swelling, and potentially serious complications if left untreated. Torsion abnormalities are typically diagnosed through physical examination and imaging studies, and may require surgical intervention to correct. They can occur in both males and females, and are more common in children and young adults.
In the medical field, a cadaver refers to a dead human body that has been donated for the purpose of medical education, research, or training. Cadavers are often used in anatomy classes, surgical training, and other medical education programs to help students and professionals learn about the human body and its structures. The process of donating a body for medical use is known as body donation or anatomical donation. It involves signing a consent form and making arrangements with a medical school or other organization that accepts body donations. The body is then prepared for use through a process called embalming, which involves preserving the body with chemicals to prevent decay and decomposition. Cadavers are an important resource in medical education and research, as they provide a way for students and professionals to study the human body in detail and gain hands-on experience with surgical procedures and other medical techniques.
In the medical field, "Fractures, Ununited" refers to a condition where a bone that has been broken has not healed properly, resulting in the two broken ends of the bone remaining separated. This can occur due to a variety of factors, including inadequate treatment, poor bone quality, or underlying medical conditions that affect the healing process. Ununited fractures can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected area. In some cases, they can also lead to complications such as infection, deformity, and chronic pain. Treatment options for ununited fractures may include surgery to realign and stabilize the bone, physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength, and pain management to alleviate discomfort. The specific treatment approach will depend on the severity and location of the fracture, as well as the overall health of the patient.
High tibial osteotomy
Triple tibial osteotomy
Le Fort osteotomy
Le Fort III osteotomy
Mandibular setback surgery
Facial masculinization surgery
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Cone beam computed tomography
Cosmetic surgery in South Korea
Osteotomy - Wikipedia
Tibial osteotomy - series-Procedure: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Osteotomy | Nuffield Health
Varus Derotation Osteotomy
Another word for OSTEOTOMY > Synonyms &...
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High tibial osteotomy3
- The most common type of osteotomy performed on arthritic knees is a high tibial osteotomy, which addresses cartilage damage on the inside (medial) portion of the knee. (wikipedia.org)
- During a high tibial osteotomy, surgeons remove a wedge of bone from the outside of the knee, which causes the leg to bend slightly inward. (wikipedia.org)
- Are you sure you want to remove High Tibial Osteotomy as a favorite? (cadmore.media)
Intertrochanteric osteotomy of the hip2
- In determining the appropriateness of a femoral osteotomy, the appropriate tests and imaging techniques should be performed. (medscape.com)
- Total hip arthroplasty with femoral osteotomy for proximal femoral deformity. (medscape.com)
- How much varus is optimal with proximal femoral osteotomy to preserve the femoral head in legg-calve-perthes disease? (medscape.com)
- Intrinsic passive stiffness of 2 constructs of varus proximal femoral osteotomy: external fixator or blade plate. (medscape.com)
- According to the deformity, the software provides a recommendation whether single tibial, single femoral, or double-level osteotomy is preferable to correct the alignment. (aofoundation.org)
- Where should the tibial osteotomy be made - how close to the joint surface, how close to the patellar tendon? (orthonet.on.ca)
- Because prosthetic knees may wear out over time, an osteotomy procedure can enable younger, active osteoarthritis patients to continue using the healthy portion of their knee. (wikipedia.org)
- An osteotomy is a procedure usually performed to correct damage caused by osteoarthritis or a deformity. (nuffieldhealth.com)
- One of the great advantages of the procedure is that, by preserving your own knee anatomy, a successful osteotomy can delay the need for a joint replacement by a prosthesis for several years. (cun.es)
- During this procedure, a wedge of bone is removed from the outside of the tibia, straightening the leg (closure osteotomy). (cun.es)
- Nose with Wide Nose(Osteotomy)-(VG) Nose surgery is a procedure to help reshape the nose. (gorgeousgetaways.com)
- The shortening Z-osteotomy of the proximal phalanx of the hallux has been presented as an alternative to the Regnauld enclavement procedure for patients with the appropriate indications. (japmaonline.org)
- In addition to sharing the same positive characteristics as the Regnauld procedure, the Z-osteotomy has technical and physiologic advantages. (japmaonline.org)
- For children seen with developmental dislocation of the hip after the age of eighteen months, Robert B. Salter, CC, MD, FRCS(C) devised, in 1957, a protocol of preoperative traction, open reduction, and capsulorrhaphy combined with a new procedure of innominate osteotomy to redirect the deficient acetabulum. (vjortho.com)
- In summary, this method of open reduction and innominate osteotomy for developmental dislocation of the hip presenting after eighteen months of age can be expected to result, on the basis of data derived from validated and reliable measures, in the following outcomes at forty-five years after the index procedure. (vjortho.com)
- What is the Procedure of Osteotomy Surgery? (primomedico.com)
- Le Fort I osteotomy was popularized by Considering the psychological aspects, Obwegeser in the midt20th century as a neuroticism may have a negative effect standard procedure in maxillofacial surgery on the early postoperative phase but not to correct dentofacial deformities [ 4,5 ]. (who.int)
Type of osteotomy1
- There are two different steps: Deformity analysis enables the surgeon to identify the location of the deformity and choose the correct location and type of osteotomy, which is subsequently accurately planned. (aofoundation.org)
- The mediCAD AO Osteotomy software has been developed by the AO TC Deformity Correction Planning Task Force in collaboration with mediCAD® Hectec GmbH. (aofoundation.org)
- A significant contribution to the success of knee osteotomy is a thorough understanding of deformity analysis and surgical planning. (aofoundation.org)
- Traditional deformity analysis and planning with hand drawings is time consuming, especially in cases in which more than one osteotomy is needed like double-level osteotomies. (aofoundation.org)
- A calcaneal osteotomy is a controlled break of the heel bone to correct a deformity of the foot and ankle. (medstarhealth.org)
- Are you sure you want to remove Distal Femur Osteotomy to Correct (Knock-Knee) Deformity as a favorite? (cadmore.media)
- Yang L, Jing Y, Hong D, Chong-Qi T. Valgus osteotomy combined with intramedullary nail for Shepherd's crook deformity in fibrous dysplasia: 14 femurs with a minimum of 4 years follow-up. (medscape.com)
- Intertrochanteric osteotomy combined with acetabular shelfplasty in young patients with severe deformity of the femoral head and secondary osteoarthritis. (medscape.com)
- The aim of this study was to describe changes in cervical alignment (CA) and cervical deformity (CD) after multilevel Schwab Grade II Osteotomies for adult spinal deformity (ASD). (medscape.com)
- Knee osteotomy is used when a patient has early stage osteoarthritis that has damaged only one side of the knee joint. (cun.es)
- Most osteotomies for osteoarthritis of the knee are performed on the tibia to correct an arched leg alignment that places too much stress on the inside of the knee. (cun.es)
- A femoral derotation osteotomy can be performed to correct version abnormalities such as excessive anteversion or retroversion of the hip joint. (wikipedia.org)
- These protocols are for physiotherapy following varus derotation osteotomy, and varus derotation osteotomy and pelvic osteotomy. (bcchildrens.ca)
- Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a surgical treatment for hip dysplasia , a condition where the hip joint is misaligned. (hss.edu)
- Once the valgus osteotomy is performed, the load bearing conditions change, and the full weight-bearing radiograph will reflect the combined influence of the osteotomy and the MCL laxity. (orthonet.on.ca)
- Bartonicek J, Skala-Rosenbaum J, Dousa P. Valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy for nonunion of trochanteric fractures. (medscape.com)
- Osteotomy should be performed 1cm distal to the 1st tarsometatarsal joint. (eorif.com)
- Two main types of osteotomies are used in the correction of hip dysplasias and deformities to improve alignment/interaction of acetabulum - (socket) - and femoral head (femur head) - (ball), innominate osteotomies and femoral osteotomies. (wikipedia.org)
- Femoral osteotomies, as the name indicates, involves adjustments made to the femur head and/or the femur. (wikipedia.org)
- In a knee osteotomy, a 'fracture' of the tibia or femur is performed in a controlled manner and stabilized in its new position to relieve pressure, load, correct a deviation from the normal axis (deaxation) and reduce pain over the knee joint. (cun.es)
- Watch to learn about common complications, real patient cases demonstrating the benefit of 3D, the steps for creating a 3D plan of the osteotomy and fixation, and post-operative results. (materialise.com)
- Treatment = intrameduallary screw fixation of the 5th metatarsal with dorsiflexion osteotomy of the 1st metatarsal (DenHartog BD, JAAOS 2009;17:458). (eorif.com)
- Others have reported improved results with innominate osteotomy for this indication. (vjortho.com)
- An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment. (wikipedia.org)
- The advantages of the Z-osteotomy over the Regnauld include maintenance of the intrinsic attachments at the base of the proximal phalanx, less risk of avascular necrosis, less technical difficulty, and absence of complications associated with an autogenous bone graft. (japmaonline.org)
- Impact of Mandibular Angle Osteotomy Using a Geometric Mathematical Design on the Aesthetic Osteotomy Line: A Retrospective Observational Study. (bvsalud.org)
- Mandibular angle osteotomy ( MAO ) is a frequently described technique in Eastern females . (bvsalud.org)
- Therefore, we explored the impact of mandibular angle osteotomy using aesthetic standards and printed digital osteotomy templates (DOTs) on the aesthetic osteotomy line. (bvsalud.org)
- Knee osteotomy is commonly used to realign arthritic damage on one side of the knee. (wikipedia.org)
- Osteotomies around the knee help to realign the limb, shift the load from the arthritic compartment to the intact compartment, and preserve the joint as an alternative to partial or total joint replacement. (aofoundation.org)
- Osteotomies can realign the limb, restore physiological biomechanics, and thus support bone healing. (aofoundation.org)
- All listed doctors and clinics have been reviewed by us for their outstanding specialization in osteotomy and are awaiting your inquiry or treatment request. (primomedico.com)
- Recent research also recommends performing osteotomies in ligament procedures to reduce the risk of revision. (aofoundation.org)
- Are you looking for information on osteotomy and specialists for the surgery? (primomedico.com)
- Reciprocal cervical and global changes after ASD surgery have not been previously described in the setting of multilevel osteotomy. (medscape.com)
- As a result of im- en before culture results were known) transmission of MRSA, which led to plant failure, surgery was repeated in produced little clinical response. (cdc.gov)
- If it does not, casting or surgery (abductory midfoot osteotomy) is required. (msdmanuals.com)
- Osteotomy is one method to relieve pain of arthritis, especially of the hip and knee. (wikipedia.org)
- Osteotomy is also used as an alternative treatment to total knee replacement in younger and active patients. (wikipedia.org)
- Osteotomy, by changing and decreasing the weight of the damaged side of the joint, can relieve pain and significantly improve function in an impaired knee. (cun.es)
- Because the results of knee prostheses have been so successful, knee osteotomy has become less common. (cun.es)
- When is knee osteotomy indicated? (cun.es)
- As ideal indication of the osteotomy of knee they are patients with a suitable weight, active, male of less than 60 years or women of less than 55 years and with pain in a single side of the knee. (cun.es)
- For example, pain relief is not as predictable after the osteotomy compared to a partial or total knee replacement. (cun.es)
- The recovery process from the osteotomy is often more tedious and difficult initially because you may not be able to put weight on the operated knee immediately (4-6 weeks) or your mobility may be limited. (cun.es)
- How is a knee osteotomy performed? (cun.es)
- This same correction can be made by opening a bone wedge on the inside of the knee and adding a bone wedge if required (opening osteotomy). (cun.es)
- Osteotomy also has disadvantages. (cun.es)
- Osteotomy is usually performed under general anaesthetic . (nuffieldhealth.com)
- In an osteotomy, the defective leg axis is corrected by first cutting the upper or lower leg bones and removing a bone wedge. (primomedico.com)
- Osteotomy is a correction of the leg axis in malposition, which appears externally in the form of knock-knees or bowlegs. (primomedico.com)
- Which Doctors are Specialists in Osteotomy? (primomedico.com)
- The use of trochanteric slide osteotomy in the treatment of displaced acetabular fractures. (medscape.com)
- I wonder how he assessed the actual cartilage… And on top of that, to move the mechanical axis that far over laterally requires a BIGTIME osteotomy, which may be cosmetically very unacceptable to short people in particular. (orthonet.on.ca)
- Another advantage is that there are no restrictions on physical activities after an osteotomy: you will be able to participate in your previous activities with the appropriate recommendations, even in high-impact exercises. (cun.es)
- The authors evaluate a radiographic database of ASD patients undergoing multilevel Schwab Grade II Osteotomies and thoracolumbar fusion to the pelvis to characterize the incidence of CD. (medscape.com)
- En postopératoire, 85% des patients se déclaraient satisfaits durésultatdel'interventionetquantàsoneffetsurleurqualitédevie.L'améliorationpostopératoirede l'esthétiquefacialedespatientsestapparueassociéeàuneaméliorationdelaqualitédeviepourtous lesaspectsconsidérés. (who.int)
- Soixante-douze virgule deux pour cent des patients déclaraient satisfaits de leur prise en charge. (bvsalud.org)
- Conclusion: Le développement extensif de la chirurgie ambulatoire est basé sur la sélection des patients à qui l'on propose ce type de prise en charge. (bvsalud.org)
- The success hinges on the precise positioning of the osteotomy line. (bvsalud.org)
- The new method of positioning the new aesthetic osteotomy line based on geometric analysis might provide a possible osteotomy method that strongly suggests effectiveness , safety , individualization, and accuracy, with a shorter operation and higher patient satisfaction . (bvsalud.org)
- Wassmund, in 1927, was the first ing inner feelings about deficiencies in surgeon to use an osteotomy line on Le Fort one's appearance. (who.int)