A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
A genus of sphinx or hawk moths of the family Sphingidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
A plant genus of the family CECROPIACEAE. Hypotensive and hypoglycemic effects have been observed in animals after ingesting members of this genus. There is no relation to cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia) see MOTHS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A family of insect viruses isolated from endoparasitic hymenopteran insects belonging to the families Ichneumonidae and Braconidae. The two genera are Ichnovirus and Bracovirus.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
A specific type of health insurance which provides surgeons' fees for specified amounts according to the type of surgery listed in the policy.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
A genus of owlet moths of the family Noctuidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
A mitosporic fungal genus in the family Clavicipitaceae. It has teleomorphs in the family Nectriaceae. Metarhizium anisopliae is used in PESTICIDES.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
Five-carbon furanose sugars in which the OXYGEN is replaced by a NITROGEN atom.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
A group of ALKALOIDS, characterized by a nitrogen-containing necine, occurring mainly in plants of the BORAGINACEAE; COMPOSITAE; and LEGUMINOSAE plant families. They can be activated in the liver by hydrolysis of the ester and desaturation of the necine base to reactive electrophilic pyrrolic CYTOTOXINS.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.
A mitosporic fungal genus. Teleomorphs are found in the family Clavicipitaceae and include Cordyceps bassiana. The species Beauveria bassiana is a common pathogen of ARTHROPODS and is used in PEST CONTROL.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
A genus of gram-negative bacteria existing symbiotically with nematodes of the family Heterorhabditidae (see RHABDITOIDEA). These nematodes infect a variety of soil-dwelling insects. Upon entering an insect host, the nematode releases Photorhabdus from its intestinal tract and the bacterium establishes a lethal septicemia in the insect.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction between catechol and oxygen to yield benzoquinone and water. It is a complex of copper-containing proteins that acts also on a variety of substituted catechols. EC 1.10.3.1.
A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
The physical measurements of a body.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
Specific, characterizable, poisonous chemicals, often PROTEINS, with specific biological properties, including immunogenicity, produced by microbes, higher plants (PLANTS, TOXIC), or ANIMALS.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
A species of gram-positive bacteria which may be pathogenic for certain insects. It is used for the biological control of the Gypsy moth.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.
A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.
The selection of one food over another.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Diseases of plants.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
A structure, situated close to the intraventricular foramen, which induces DRINKING BEHAVIOR after stimulation with ANGIOTENSIN II.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
Abnormal descent of a pelvic organ resulting in the protrusion of the organ beyond its normal anatomical confines. Symptoms often include vaginal discomfort, DYSPAREUNIA; URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE; and FECAL INCONTINENCE.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.
Ependymal derivative located at the junction of the THIRD VENTRICLE and the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT; and the SOMATOSTATIN SECRETING CELLS.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
Organs, tissues, or cells taken from the body for grafting into another area of the same body or into another individual.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
Specialized tissues that are components of the lymphatic system. They provide fixed locations within the body where a variety of LYMPHOCYTES can form, mature and multiply. The lymphoid tissues are connected by a network of LYMPHATIC VESSELS.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.
Formation of differentiated cells and complicated tissue organization to provide specialized functions.
Artificial organs that are composites of biomaterials and cells. The biomaterial can act as a membrane (container) as in BIOARTIFICIAL LIVER or a scaffold as in bioartificial skin.
Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.
Transference of a tissue or organ from either an alive or deceased donor, within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
Solutions used to store organs and minimize tissue damage, particularly while awaiting implantation.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A single, unpaired primary lymphoid organ situated in the MEDIASTINUM, extending superiorly into the neck to the lower edge of the THYROID GLAND and inferiorly to the fourth costal cartilage. It is necessary for normal development of immunologic function early in life. By puberty, it begins to involute and much of the tissue is replaced by fat.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
An immune response with both cellular and humoral components, directed against an allogeneic transplant, whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Downward displacement of the UTERUS. It is classified in various degrees: in the first degree the UTERINE CERVIX is within the vaginal orifice; in the second degree the cervix is outside the orifice; in the third degree the entire uterus is outside the orifice.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
Measurement of radioactivity in the entire human body.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
Certain caterpillars also have urticating hairs. Organs that perform similar functions in non-arthropods are often referred to ... This helps in the rapid immobilization of the animal or of the body parts receiving the venom. Spiders only bite, although some ... Among arthropods, a sting or stinger is a sharp organ, often connected with a venom gland and adapted to inflict a wound by ... A stinger (or sting) is a sharp organ found in various animals (typically insects and other arthropods) capable of injecting ...
Fleshy spine-like tubercles line the caterpillars' backs, and their bodies are dark red to brown and velvety black. Some ... Like other members of their family, birdwing caterpillars possess a retractable organ behind their heads called an osmeterium. ... The caterpillars are also unappealing to most predators due to their toxicity: the vines which the caterpillars feed upon ... The caterpillars are voracious eaters but move very little; a small group will defoliate an entire vine. If starved due to ...
The body of the caterpillar is pale-yellow in color with a black head capsule. This coloration acts as a camouflage against the ... A novel organ and mechanism for larval sound production in butterfly caterpillars: Eurybia elvina (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). ... There are dense black dots found laterally along the length of the caterpillar's body during this stage. This instar is bright ... Like many other riodinids, the caterpillars are myrmecophilous and have tentacle nectary organs that exude a fluid similar to ...
Contact with the hairy bodies of these caterpillars can cause skin irritation. Tiger moths have a well-developed hearing organ ... Their bodies are stout and furry. Caterpillars of the species are dark with contrasting bright markings and covered with stiff ...
The caterpillar has an elongated, soft body that may have hair-like or other projections, three pairs of true legs, with none ... When threatened, the caterpillar emits unpleasant smells from the organ to ward off the predators. Camouflage is also an ... These organs evolved eight times, at least, because they occur on different body parts and have structural differences. The ... In response to a parasitoid egg or larva in the caterpillar's body, the plasmatocytes, or simply the host's cells can form a ...
Their larvae grow inside the body of other insects, such as caterpillars, and feed on their internal organs inside the body ... Once inside the body of the host, the eggs develop into larvae. The larvae then start to consume the internal organs of the ... The body length ranges from 9-13 mm. They have two pairs of wings. The pair of forewings are much larger and measure 8-14 mm in ... The antennae are exceptionally long compared to the rest of the body, measuring up to 14 mm. A pair of compound eyes on the ...
It has a granulose body with small, white spots and a white horn projecting from its posterior. As a caterpillar, H. thysbe ... Unlike most moths, the species lacks hearing organs. It has compound eyes and well-developed reproductive organs. Hemaris ... The body of an adult Hemaris thysbe moth is spindle shaped, and is largely covered by a thick coat of fur. There is significant ... As a caterpillar, it feeds on honeysuckle, dogbane, and several types of fruit trees. Due to the variable appearance of H. ...
Caterpillars of many species can cause irritation by their hollow body hairs that envenom or detach easily, or can be poisonous ... This internal bleeding spreads through the internal organs and eventually leads to compression and brain death. This accounts ... Guinness World Records classified the Lonomia obliqua as the most venomous caterpillar in the world. These caterpillars are ... obliqua caterpillar. Its hair growth covers its body, and each clump of spines is able to easily puncture the skin and release ...
... the main organ, the Hunter's organ, and the Sach's organ. These organs make up four fifths of its body, and give the electric ... It was discovered that the toxin in the caterpillar's skin held potent anti-clotting agents. This anti-clotting agent would ... These organs are made of electrocytes, lined up so a current of ions can flow through them and stacked so each one adds to a ... Its coat is generally a tawny yellow, but ranges to reddish-brown, for most of the body. The ventral areas are white. The fur ...
It has the appearance of a caterpillar. The eleven pairs of luminescent organs on their second thoracic segment through their ... The "railroad worm" name arises because these glowing spots along the body resemble the windows of train cars internally ... this is due to different luciferases in their bodies, as the reaction substrate, called luciferin, is the same. ...
The eggs then hatch into larvae, which consume the internal organs and muscles of the caterpillars. The parasitoid releases ... The body is hairy, with reddish coloring on the anterior, and fading to reddish/whitish. The abdomen has alternating bands of ... The caterpillars reach maturity in autumn and are about 4 to 4.5 inches (100 to 110 mm) long. Once the caterpillars reach ... Once the parasitoid has grown enough, it induces the caterpillar to pupate. Once the caterpillars pupate, the parasitoid larvae ...
Many caterpillars have defensive venom glands associated with specialized bristles on the body, known as urticating hairs, ... The venom from Agelaia pallipes has inhibitory effects on processes like chemotaxis and hemolysis which can lead to organ ... In other cases like Parischnogaster striatula, the venom is applied all over their body as an antimicrobial protection. ...
Grommomulunt - a caterpillar-like creature with no organs other than a pair of eyes. It is the larval stage of the Munt Fly; ... Verminal Psquirm and Hordery Psquirm - two supposedly similar Flanimals that are seen only peeping round corners; their body ...
This may be the body of a host organism, or a cell in a nest, where the adults will care for the larva. In parasitic forms, the ... Unlike caterpillars, however, the prolegs have no grasping spines, and the antennae are reduced to mere stubs. Symphytan larvae ... head is often greatly reduced and partially withdrawn into the prothorax (anterior part of the thorax). Sense organs appear to ... In the majority, however, it is modified for piercing, and, in some cases, is several times the length of the body. In some ...
It is divided lengthwise by the organ of Corti, which is the main organ of mechanical to neural transduction. Inside the organ ... Within this chamber are the three smallest bones in the body, known collectively as the ossicles which include the malleus, ... Some insects have even developed specialized hairs tuned to detecting particular frequencies, such as certain caterpillar ... Some insects possess a tympanal organ. These are "eardrums", that cover air filled chambers on the legs. Similar to the hearing ...
As a caterpillar, it is black with pale yellow lines that run across the body, giving it a chequered look. It has long white ... The adult males have anterior brush organs which exude pheromones. The adults are social, feeding on nectar and live for around ... The body features clumps of bright red hair on the end of the abdomen, and at the legs base. These red hairs protrude and are ... The caterpillar usually rests on the undersurface of the leaves that it feeds on. The adult is a diurnal flying moth with a ...
Caterpillars may also have hairs on their body that perceive vibrations[77] and allow them to respond to sound. ... The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance. In mammals, the ear is usually described as having three parts-the ... The female cricket fly Ormia ochracea has tympanal organs on each side of her abdomen. They are connected by a thin bridge of ... Karin Sellberg, Lena Wånggren (2016). Corporeality and Culture: Bodies in Movement. Routledge. pp. 75-76. ISBN 978-1-317-15924- ...
... organs attached to the ends of their body. The caterpillar wiggles these organs to frighten away flies and predatory wasps. ... a common species of caterpillar in the UK). Fuzzy orange caterpillar Ant tending a lycaenid caterpillar. Caterpillar feeding on ... Some caterpillars are used in industry. The silk industry is based on the silkworm caterpillar. Caterpillar hair can be a cause ... Sphinx ligustri, the privet hawk moth caterpillar Caterpillar of the emperor gum moth. A poplar hawk-moth caterpillar ( ...
termen The edge of the wing most distant from the body. terminal and marginal Along the margin. thorax The part of the body ... accessory pulsatile organs (APOs) Small muscular pumps and the veins that accompany them that pump hemolymph into the wings. ... The cremaster is the homologue of the anal plate of the caterpillar. It takes various forms in different species, ranging from ... erect The palpi when vertical, i.e. the axis of the palpi is at right angles to the axis of the body. exarate Pupae with their ...
Caterpillars may also have hairs on their body that perceive vibrations and allow them to respond to sound. Hear, hear Hearing ... In insects, tympanal organs are used to hear distant sounds. They are located either on the head or elsewhere, depending on the ... The tympanal organs of some insects are extremely sensitive, offering acute hearing beyond that of most other animals. The ... Play media The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance. In mammals, the ear is usually described as having three ...
The osmeterial organ remains inside the body in the thoracic region in an inverted position and is everted when the larva is ... Protective chemicals in caterpillar survival. Experientia (Basel) 45 (4): 390-392. Crossley, A.C. and Waterhouse, D.F. 1969. ... The organ is situated in the prothoracic segment and can be everted when the larva feels threatened. The everted organ ... To humans, this odour is rather strong but pleasant, usually smelling like a concentrated scent of the caterpillar's food plant ...
Equipped with appendages at both ends of the body, a caterpillar clasps with its front legs and draws up the hind end, then ... They have distinctive paired tympanal organs at the base of the abdomen (lacking in flightless females).[citation needed] ... A geometrid caterpillar camouflaged as a broken twig Caterpillar locomotion Synchlora aerata caterpillar dressed with pieces of ... The caterpillars are accordingly called "loopers", "spanworms", or "inchworms" after their characteristic looping gait. The ...
As a caterpillar, it is known as the yellow woolly bear or yellow bear caterpillar. As an adult, it is known as the Virginian ... The female is slightly larger than the male in larva form, and as an adult finds a mate by extruding an organ that emits a ... It is not poisonous, but some people may have an allergic reaction to the bristles on its body. ... The caterpillar varies in color, but is typically consistent in its coloration in a single specimen, without odd tufts of ...
It eats more than its body weight each day and is known to store food. The North American least shrew makes its home in burrows ... Its diet consists of mostly small invertebrates, such as caterpillars, beetle larvae, earthworms, centipedes, slugs, and sow ... the North American least shrew will bite off the head of its prey and eat only the internal organs. When fighting a larger ...
The underside of the body and legs seems to be always green. The erectile organs on the twelfth segment very small, feeds in ... Female laying eggs Early instar caterpillar tended by ants Savela, Markku. "Luthrodes pandava (Horsfield, [1829])". Lepidoptera ... The body at its highest and widest part is wider than high. It is extremely variable in its markings, hardly any two being ... exactly alike; there is usually a dark, dorsal, subdorsal and lateral line dividing the upper surface of the body into three ...
Herbivory: Caterpillars of most Noctuidae feed on plants; some feed on poisonous plants and are unaffected by their chemical ... Most owlet moths have drab colors with a variety of patterns suitable to camouflage their bodies. The second physical defense ... Finally, all adults have another mechanism for defense: a tympanal organ available to hear the echolocation spread out by bats ... Wagner, David L.; Schweitzer, Dale F.; Sullivan, J. Bolling & Reardon, Richard C. (2011). Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North ...
... an organ in swallowtail caterpillars Pherine Pheromone trap Quorum sensing Semiochemical Stigmergy "Definition of pheromone". ... Some body spray advertisers claim that their products contain human sexual pheromones that act as an aphrodisiac. Despite these ... The human vomeronasal organ has epithelia that may be able to serve as a chemical sensory organ; however, the genes that encode ... Gregarious caterpillars, such as the forest tent caterpillar, lay down pheromone trails that are used to achieve group movement ...
Each Primeval represents a particular body part, and has some special ability linked to that organ. Other antagonists in ... In Zonderian form, his head and hair are replaced by a hybrid locomotive engine & caterpillar. Otherwise, he looks much the ... has a lion mecha forming the chest/body very similar to Galeon/GaiGar for GaoGaiGar. In Bomberman Generation, the fourth boss ...
... bodies into a dripping goo." Many news sources also reported the zombie-like nature of the infected caterpillar, stemming from ... It reproduces in the internal tissues, causing disintegration of internal organs and death, within 10-14 days. The host ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Zombie Caterpillar A dying caterpillar's unusual reaction to a predatory bug". ... Another antiquated term, "caterpillar cholera", was also used early in the 20th century. The virus has also been referred to as ...
Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ... The leaf-like organs of Bryophytes (e.g., mosses and liverworts), known as phyllids, differ morphologically from the leaves of ... For example, the caterpillars of some leaf-roller moths will create a small home in the leaf by folding it over themselves. ... A leaf (plural leaves) is a dorsiventrally flattened organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the ...
Their bodies will take in the water. Their bodies are thin and have a lot of blood vessels, this helps them to be able to take ... These include caterpillars, earthworms, crayfish, water beetles, snails and dragon fly larvae.[19]p667 Many amphibians use ... unlike the more complex organs found in mammals. Many species, such as the Olm, have both lungs and gills as adults.[12] ... They will spread it all over their bodies. The mucus will harden to keep the water it produces from escaping. Once the desert ...
Corfe Castle in 978 saw the murder of King Edward the Martyr, whose body was taken first to Wareham and then to Shaftesbury. ... Durable UK (office products) is in Wimborne; Caterpillar's Wimborne Marine Power Centre make Perkins Sabre marine diesel ... smashed the organ and the furnishings, and for a time stabled their horses in the nave.[95] They were defeated in the Battle of ... The Council of the West was a short-lived administrative body established by Henry VIII for the government of the western ...
In the past, the Science Center has hosted many traveling exhibits including Storms, Titanic, Grossology, Body Worlds, Darwin, ... "Your Brain" explores the physiology and neurology of our most remarkable organ. The exhibit includes an 18-foot-tall Luckey ... "The incredible 200-year-old automaton: The jewel-studded clockwork caterpillar built to show off 19th Century high technology" ...
Eruciform: caterpillar-like, as in the Lepidoptera and Symphyta. Some that lack legs, such as the larvae of Nematoceran flies ... Most adult insects have wings (excepting where secondarily lost) and functioning reproductive organs. Most adult insects grow ... Larvae can be classified by their body type: *Elateriform: wireworm-like, as in the beetle family Elateridae. ... wherein Williamson claimed that the caterpillar larval form originated from velvet worms through hybridogenesis with other ...
More practical measurements refer primarily to the body length, quoting leg lengths separately, if at all. The body length is ... the Solifugae have fan-shaped sensory organs called malleoli or racquet (or racket) organs. Sometimes, the blades of the ... or venomous setae of caterpillars (e.g., Lonomia or Acharia species).[22] One 1978 study is frequently quoted, in which the ... Like that of the spider order, the Araneae, the body plan of the Solifugae has two main tagmata: the prosoma, or cephalothorax ...
When attacked, the larvae will expose the osmeterium, a Y-shaped organ typically folded up within the caterpillar.[18] For many ... perhaps due to their darker body and wing color. This allows them to fly and feed at lower temperatures than their counterparts ... Mimicking snakes help the caterpillars to ward off predators, specifically birds. The caterpillar spicebush swallowtails ... Michael Gerber's caterpillar photo. *Butterflies and Moths of North America from The Big Sky Institute at Montana State ...
The brain sends signals through the spinal cord and nerves to regulate activity in the rest of the body. The pineal body, known ... They also make use of a sensory lateral line organ similar to that of fish. After metamorphosis, these organs become redundant ... The diet mostly consists of small prey that do not move too fast such as beetles, caterpillars, earthworms and spiders. The ... Though equipped with limbs and the ability to breathe air, most still had a long tapering body and strong tail.[17] They were ...
Locomotive organs. Like all echinoderms, sea cucumbers possess pentaradial symmetry, with their bodies divided into five nearly ... while others resemble caterpillars. The mouth is surrounded by tentacles, which can be pulled back inside the animal.[7] ... Body plan. The body of a holothurian is roughly cylindrical. It is radially symmetrical along its longitudinal axis, and has ... A few species are known to brood their young inside the body cavity, giving birth through a small rupture in the body wall ...
During the next 75 million years[citation needed], plants evolved a range of more complex organs, such as roots and seeds. ... For example, some caterpillars roll leaves to reduce the effectiveness of plant defenses activated by sunlight.[32] ... The latter especially is determined by the body mass of the herbivore, with small herbivores selecting for high quality forage ... There was a gap of 50 to 100 million years between the time each organ evolved and the time organisms evolved to feed upon them ...
Social amoebae form fruiting bodies when starved for food. These amoebae preferentially formed slugs and fruiting bodies with ... A female wasp lays a male and a female egg in a caterpillar. The eggs divide asexually, creating many genetically identical ... However, some males attempt to force copulation by grabbing females with a specialized abdominal organ without offering a gift. ... Dramatic examples of these specializations include changes in body morphology or unique behaviors, such as the engorged bodies ...
For males, the reproductive system is the testis, suspended in the body cavity by tracheae and the fat body. Most male insects ... so the mother of one species supplies him with only five caterpillars; the larger female receives ten caterpillars in her cell ... Most sound-making insects also have tympanal organs that can perceive airborne sounds. Some species in Hemiptera, such as the ... The word "insect" comes from the Latin word insectum, meaning "with a notched or divided body", or literally "cut into", from ...
... the electric organ and the electric organ discharge". Journal of Experimental Biology. 212 (9): 1351-1364. doi:10.1242/jeb. ... Lafferty, K. D.; Kuris, A. M. (2002). "Trophic strategies, animal diversity and body size". Trends Ecol. Evol. 17 (11): 507-513 ... to incapacitate their prey by generating electric fields using electric organs.[90][91][92] The electric organ is derived from ... Further information: Electric organ (biology). Several groups of predatory fish have the ability to detect, track, and ...
"Bull World Health Organ 2014;92:470-471. doi:10.2471/BLT.14.020714. PMC 4121873.. Cite journal requires ,journal=. (help). ... behind bushes or in open water bodies, with no dignity or privacy. This is called open defecation and it poses significant ... Caterpillar Inc. 11,260,857 $1,717,168 FEMSA 6,214,719 $380,589 Crown Castle 5,332,900 $593,712 Ecolab 4,366,426 $684,568 ... the company had received approval from the Indian body Drug-Controller General of India (DCGI) for the Paromomycin ...
The caterpillar of Galleria mellonella has the gut bacteria's ability to degrade polyethylene (PE) into ethylene glycol.[10][11 ... They are generally considered safer to use, as propylene glycol does not taste as good[note 1] and is converted in the body to ... mixtures for low-temperature preservation of biological tissues and organs. Mixture of ethylene glycol and water can also be ... "Polyethylene bio-degradation by caterpillars of the wax moth Galleria mellonella". Current Biology. 27 (8): R292-R293. doi ...
Often have 'tails' on wings; caterpillar generates foul taste with osmeterium organ; pupa supported by silk girdle. ... If their body temperature reaches 40 °C (104 °F), they can orientate themselves with the folded wings edgewise to the sun.[65] ... Winged adults lay eggs on the food plant on which their larvae, known as caterpillars, will feed. The caterpillars grow, ... Although most caterpillars are herbivorous, a few species are predators: Spalgis epius eats scale insects,[42] while lycaenids ...
a b Earle, The Body of the Conquistador, p. 144. *^ "maize". Oxford English Dictionary, online edition. 2012. Accessed June 7, ... Northern armyworm, Oriental armyworm or Rice ear-cutting caterpillar (Mythimna separata). *Southwestern corn borer (Diatraea ... "The myb-homologous P gene controls phlobaphene pigmentation in maize floral organs by directly activating a flavonoid ... Rebecca Earle, The Body of the Conquistador: Food, Race, and the Colonial Experience in Spanish America, 1492-1700. New York: ...
Most Gracillariinae rest with the front of the body steeply raised; Lithocolletinae and Phyllocnistinae rest with the body ... "HOSTS - the Hostplants and Caterpillars Database at the Natural History Museum".. *^ Kawahara, A. Y.; Plotkin, D.; Ohshima, I ... and have a fully functional silk-producing organ, the "spinneret". Some genera have an intermediate stage in this remarkable ... These generally small (wingspan 5-20 mm) moths are leaf miners as caterpillars,[2] which can provide a useful means of ...
In particular, venomous animals such as snakes, spiders, scorpions, caterpillars, bees, wasps, centipedes, ants, toads, and ... often have very specific interactions with a macromolecular target in the body (e.g. α-bungarotoxin from cobras). As with plant ... which is used to suppress the immune response after organ transplant operations, and ergometrine (from Claviceps spp.), which ...
The virus is injected along with the wasp egg into the body cavity of a lepidopteran host caterpillar and infects cells of the ... the virus particles are only replicated (produced) in specific cell types in the female wasp's reproductive organs ... When a large body (wasp egg or small particle used experimentally) is introduced into an insect's body, the classic immune ... Hemocytes; fat bodies. Unknown. Lysis; budding. Nucleus. Nucleus. Unknown. Bracovirus. Parasitoid wasps (Braconidae). Hemocytes ...
The MRI body scanner - John Mallard and James Huchinson from (1974-1980) [278] ... Caterpillar track - Richard Lovell Edgeworth. *Mini-roundabout - Frank Blackmore. *Quadbike - Standard Motor Company patented ... Theatre organ - Robert Hope-Jones. *Logical bassoon, an electronically controlled version of the bassoon - Giles Brindley ...
Unlike sucking organs in other orders of insects, the Lepidopteran proboscis can coil up so completely that it can fit under ... In certain specialist pollinators, the proboscis may be several times the body length of the moth. ... as for example in caterpillars. ... These palps serve as organs of touch and taste in feeding and ... not necessarily of the insect's body, because insects' heads differ greatly in their orientation. ...
The bodies of black widow spiders range from 3-10 millimetres (0.12-0.39 in) in size; some females can measure 13 millimetres ( ... and caterpillars.[10] If the spider perceives a threat, it quickly lets itself down to the ground on a safety line of silk. As ... studying the female sexual organs and noting their similarity across described species. He concluded the colour variations were ...
... and the interior of the body is filled with a solid dermis in between the various organs. Typically, the body is dorso- ... in the manner of geometer moth caterpillars. The posterior end is attached to the substrate, and the anterior end is projected ... The following 21 mid-body segments each contain a nerve ganglion, and between them contain two reproductive organs, a single ... The body is muscular and relatively solid, and the coelom, the spacious body cavity found in other annelids, is reduced to ...
Morphogenesis gives rise to tissues, organs and anatomy.. *↑ 2.0 2.1 Wolpert, Lewis; Beddington R, Jessell T, Lawrence P, ... When the caterpillar has grown enough, it turns into an immobile pupa. Here, the imago develops from imaginal discs found ... Many animals have a larval stage, with a body plan different from that of the adult organism. The larva abrubtly develops into ... For example, caterpillars (butterfly larvae) are specialized for feeding whereas adult butterflies (imagos) are specialised for ...
... the larvæ of ichneumonidæ feeding within the live bodies of caterpillars, -not as specially endowed or created instincts, but ... organs of trifling importance, such as the tail of a giraffe, which serves as a fly-flapper, and, on the other hand, organs of ... It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. ... Darwin discusses rudimentary organs, such as the wings of flightless birds and the rudiments of pelvis and leg bones found in ...
The fruiting bodies of the Ascomycota provide food for many animals ranging from insects and slugs and snails (Gastropoda) to ... It excretes Ciclosporin, which, as well as being given during Organ transplantation to prevent rejection, is also prescribed ... and caterpillar fungus.[5] It also contains microscopic fungi such as powdery mildews, dermatophytic fungi, and Laboulbeniales. ... In staurospores ray-like arms radiate from a central body; in others (helicospores) the entire spore is wound up in a spiral ...
Disclosed is an endoscope for use in the removal of tumours from hollow body organs such as the bladder. The endoscope consists ... Caterpillar Inc.. Cooling system packaging arrangement for a machine. US20100057069 *. May 2, 2005. Mar 4, 2010. Joshua Ben-Nun ... The endoscope 40 is then directed into the body organ from which a tumour, for example, is to be removed. The degree of suction ... The removal of tumours from hollow organs of the body by surgery frequently results in the release of viable free tumour cells ...
Caterpillar Inc.. Hydraulic pump circuit. US20040068191 *. 27 Mar 2003. 8 Apr 2004. Mayo Foundation For Medical Education ... Apparatus with a catheter for examining hollow organs or bodies with the ultrasonic waves. US 3938502 A ... Apparatus with a catheter for examining hollow organs or bodies with the ultrasonic waves. ... An object of the invention is to avoid this drawback and to provide a device with which the dimensions of a hollow organ can be ...
Caterpillars are the larval stage of the butterflies and moths that belong to the scientific order Lepidoptera. Learn some ... Caterpillars move in a wave-like pattern from the back to its front. Since they do not have a bone in their body, caterpillars ... 8. Caterpillars lack lungs which is the primary respiratory organ in most animals. Instead of lungs, caterpillars possess ... Below are some interesting facts about caterpillars;. 1. The primary role of a caterpillar is to eat. Caterpillars eat so much ...
As the caterpillar continues to eat, its body grows considerably. The tough outer skin or exoskeleton, however, does not grow ... Abdomen (noun) - the last segment of an insects body, located at the tail end. The heart, reproductive organs and much of the ... Exoskeleton (noun) - a tough, external covering made of chitin, which supports the body and protects the internal organs. ... Some caterpillars are considered pests because of the damage they do to crops. Caterpillars do not need to drink additional ...
The caterpillars organs degenerate completely and a new body develops. Pipevine swallowtail caterpillars and butterflies are ... A chrysalis is formed when a caterpillar is ready to undergo metamorphosis into an adult butterfly. ... The caterpillars organs degenerate completely and a new body develops. Pipevine swallowtail caterpillars and butterflies are ... A chrysalis is formed when a caterpillar is ready to undergo metamorphosis into an adult butterfly. ...
Organ Harvesting, the Ice-Water Test, Beating-Heart Cadavers-How Medicine Is Blurring the Line Between Life... ... Organ Harvesting, the Ice-Water Test, Beating-Heart Cadavers-How Medicine Is Blurring the Line Between Life and Death Dick ... No biologist claims that the caterpillar dies and a moth is born. Its the same animal. Yet most of the caterpillars cells ... But it strikes at our new definitions of death, which rely more on philosophy-when does the self leave the body?-than biology ...
Certain caterpillars also have urticating hairs. Organs that perform similar functions in non-arthropods are often referred to ... This helps in the rapid immobilization of the animal or of the body parts receiving the venom. Spiders only bite, although some ... Among arthropods, a sting or stinger is a sharp organ, often connected with a venom gland and adapted to inflict a wound by ... A stinger (or sting) is a sharp organ found in various animals (typically insects and other arthropods) capable of injecting ...
Fleshy spine-like tubercles line the caterpillars backs, and their bodies are dark red to brown and velvety black. Some ... Like other members of their family, birdwing caterpillars possess a retractable organ behind their heads called an osmeterium. ... The caterpillars are also unappealing to most predators due to their toxicity: the vines which the caterpillars feed upon ... The caterpillars are voracious eaters but move very little; a small group will defoliate an entire vine. If starved due to ...
Tissue, body parts, and the organs of a caterpillar have all gone through a dramatic becoming different. By the time the pupa ... Inside the chrysalis, the early body parts of the caterpillar are experiencing an astonishing metamorphosis to turn into the ... It is mandatory for caterpillars to continually eat, to ensure them to grow rapidly. When the caterpillar is born, they are ... What is happening is that the caterpillar is quickly transforming. At the moment, the majority of people know caterpillars are ...
Anterior portion of the body of the caterpillar containing the main sensory organs. ... caterpillar Butterfly larva having a long body and 10 feet; the intermediary stage between the egg and the chrysalis. ... Organ of vision formed of a single facet that captures variations in luminosity and allows the caterpillar to orient itself. ... Part of the caterpillars body divided into three segments; the walking legs are attached to it. ...
... the newts body was also more caterpillar-plump than newt-sleek. Caterpillars didnt have obvious necks, though. The newt had ... Ears? Organs of an obscurer sense? The eyes were more obvious: two bulging hemispheres with diamond pupils, and maybe those ... The suction cups at the end of its stumpy caterpillar legs rested on an invisible surface farther out, the ward-barrier. In ...
The transformation from caterpillar to butterfly is one of the most exquisite in the natural world. Within the chrysalis, an ... Some organs stay intact. Others, like muscles, break down into clumps of cells that can be re-used, like a Lego sculpture ... And some cells create imaginal discs-structures that produce adult body parts. Theres a pair for the antennae, a pair for the ... The transformation from caterpillar to butterfly is one of the most exquisite in the natural world. Within the chrysalis, an ...
Fat body was harvested from the seventh abdominal segment (A7) of fifth instar-Day 2 caterpillars 24 h post-manipulation. Fat ... immune defense and food detoxification require some of the same molecular resources and occur within the same organ [e.g. liver ... Caterpillars were checked daily for mortality. Data were censored at 7 days as control caterpillars typically enter ... Caterpillars were weighed and sorted into six groups: (1) control (unmanipulated) caterpillars were given water-treated food; ( ...
Then, it injects two eggs into the caterpillars body; one of the eggs is male and one of the eggs female. But they dont give ... Out of these females, around fifty grow larger than their siblings, developing huge jaws but no sexual organs. It was once ... the unfortunate caterpillars body tissues) for their fertile sisters, boosting their chances of survival. This is the only ... The reason they do this is because the male larvae will actually fertilize their sisters while inside the caterpillar, and only ...
Almost any organ of the body is liable to attack. The Laboulbenieae are probably Ascomycetes restricted to parasitism on ... They include such organisms as plant-lice, and caterpillars which feed on the green parts of plants, and animals such as the ... The normal organs of locomotion tend to disappear, whether these be wings or walking legs. Organs of sense, the chief purpose ... Organs of prehension are notably developed; parasitic plants have twining stems, boring roots and special clinging organs; ...
Tissue, limbs and organs of a caterpillar have all been changed by the time the pupa is finished, and is now ready for the ... Now, as most people know, caterpillars are short, stubby and have no wings at all. Within the chrysalis the old body parts of ... Caterpillar Becoming a Chrysalis. The pupa stage is one of the coolest stages of a butterflys life. As soon as a caterpillar ... Caterpillars need to eat and eat so they can grow quickly. When a caterpillar is born, they are extremely small. When they ...
Caterpillars may also have hairs on their body that perceive vibrations[16] and allow them to respond to the sound. ... The inner ear includes both the organ of hearing (the cochlea) and a sense organ that is attuned to the effects of both gravity ... The ear is the sense organ that detects sounds. The vertebrate ear shows a common biology from fish to humans, with variations ... It not only acts as a receiver for sound, but plays a major role in the sense of balance and body position. The ear is part of ...
We look at how people use the bands of color on a woolly bear caterpillar to determine how harsh a winter will be - and whether ... Yet its body produces an antifreeze substance, called glycerol that shields its vital organs and cells from the worst effects ... Most caterpillars morph into moths in a few short weeks. But due to extreme cold, Arctic woolly bears live life in slow motion ... He found that on average the brown band took up more than a third of the woolly bears body. Such a wide band would mean a mild ...
It is divided lengthwise by the organ of Corti, which is the main organ of mechanical to neural transduction. Inside the organ ... Within this chamber are the three smallest bones in the body, known collectively as the ossicles which include the malleus, ... Some insects have even developed specialized hairs tuned to detecting particular frequencies, such as certain caterpillar ... Some insects possess a tympanal organ. These are "eardrums", that cover air filled chambers on the legs. Similar to the hearing ...
The biofilm keeps the parasites hidden from the body s immune system. 2. You seem to neglect the top ... ... I believe that worms attach themselves to virtually all the organs in the body. There is a Caterpillar for every plant, so why ... None of that crap is necessary once your body is f... #461 32 months ago 18,655 ... Get rid of the parasites messing with your body, a... #461 32 months ago 18,498 ...
The maggot that is released into the beetles body devours the internal organs, slowly killing the beetle (Vittum et al, 1999 ... caterpillars) are the chewing type. Caterpillars can be found feeding on a huge variety of plants. On the other hand, the ... eastern tent caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum), forest tent caterpillar (M. disstria), fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea), and ... Leaf damage from caterpillars, snails, or slugs may be confused with beetle damage. Illustrated here is a hosta leaf with slug ...
... or other taken-for-granted organs and cells in our own body. Likewise the planet till we grudgingly are forced to accept ... If caterpillars and other insects were the size of dogs I would be more concerned with this startling question. In the meantime ... Till a me wins a 50 million jackpot and find my mortal moments perhaps defined by my organs in my over-indulgence! Hope I die ... So Peter, what do you think of people who do the same thing as the caterpillars you describe, eg exhaust their habitat ...
Scientist should research how to harness that ability to help cure deficient organs or body parts… maybe even reverse cancer. ... Thats like a butterfly turning back into a caterpillar. Scientists, who first described this phenomenon [pdf] in the 1990s, ... You can apply the same principle of Theseus Ship to the human body. Most of the cells in your body are less than ten years old ... then inject our bodies with NanoBots to zoom around our bodies and destroy any DNA that mutates, we could live even longer than ...
Seems like a caterpillar reborn as a diluent for anaesthetic agents with moderate to severe as. Speech synthesizer n. A visual ... The use of coc pill containing 5 mg per kg body weight. Tactile corpuscle n. An outline, especially of the ideal (1943, ... From plectere to weave] inner speech n. An organ of smell with gustatory responses and a negative urea breath test, therapeutic ...
This may be the body of a host organism, or a cell in a nest, where the adults will care for the larva. In parasitic forms, the ... Unlike caterpillars, however, the prolegs have no grasping spines, and the antennae are reduced to mere stubs. Symphytan larvae ... head is often greatly reduced and partially withdrawn into the prothorax (anterior part of the thorax). Sense organs appear to ... In the majority, however, it is modified for piercing, and, in some cases, is several times the length of the body. In some ...
... which is among the longest of any animal in relation to body size, the caterpillar which has the most acute sense of smell. ... whose metabolism prevents its vital organs from being damaged, the tongue of the chameleon, ... chameleon tongue and the sense of smell of the caterpillar.. The old man is surgeon of time. time, time.... he operates on ...
I think the wasp in your book that laid her eggs in the caterpillar body and the larva was selective about which organs to eat ... The long "grubworm" part of the body is simply the enormously elongated and unpigmented abdomen of the adult. The head and ...
... research on caterpillar locomotion could pave the way to designing first flexible robot to navigate through human body, ... FILAMENTOUS FLOWER, a meristem and organ identity gene of Arabidopsis, encodes a protein with a zinc finger and HMG-related ... Caterpillars provide a useful survival model: They do not escape predators by running but instead use camouflage, chemical ... Second, the unique ability of caterpillars to climb using curved hooks at the tips of the abdominal prolegs is being examined. ...
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When the wasp larva hatches inside the tobacco budworms body, it slowly consumes the caterpillar as it grows. The behavior of ... Adults are about one-quarter inch (6 mm) in body length. The female wasps possess egg-laying organs, called ovipositors, that ... Members of this wasp species primarily attack tobacco budworms and related caterpillars. These detrimental moth caterpillars ... Among these wasps, the tobacco budworm parasitoid has a relatively large head with large jaws and thicker body compared to ...
  • The larvae are commonly called caterpillars, and are completely different from their adult moth or butterfly forms, having a cylindrical body with a well-developed head, mandible mouth parts, three pairs of thoracic legs and from none up to five pairs of prolegs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Manduca sexta larvae (i.e. caterpillars) are specialist herbivores that spend their larval stage on their food source ( Bernays and Woods, 2000 ). (biologists.org)
  • In the butterfly life process, since there are a total of four different stages, this being only the second, the butterfly larvae are what the caterpillars are called. (hubpages.com)
  • Butterflies, ants, beetles and flies all radically remodel their bodies within a pupa as they develop from larvae to adults. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Butterfly larvae are actually what we call caterpillars. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Woolly bears, also called woolly worms, or hedgehog caterpillars because of the way they curl up and play dead when touched, are the larvae stage of the tiger moth. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In the suborder Symphyta , the larvae resemble caterpillars in appearance, and like them, typically feed on leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • When they hatch, these caterpillars eat ants and ant brood , or larvae. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The eggs are laid singly and the larvae or caterpillars hatch out after about two weeks. (treesforlife.org.uk)
  • Bernays discovered the previously unknown phenomenon when she studied tiger moth caterpillars infected with parasitic fly larvae. (innovations-report.com)
  • As soon as the larvae hatch they bore through the cuticle and squeeze inside the caterpillar s body. (innovations-report.com)
  • The mature larvae drop to the ground and produce a gray cocoon, incorporating hairs from the caterpillar, where they pupate to become adults or overwinter. (wimastergardener.org)
  • cordyceps sinensis is a fungus that parasitizes larvae of ghost moths and produces a fruiting body valued. (xxjcy.com)
  • Cordyceps sinensis is actually composed of fungus that grows on caterpillar larvae. (xxjcy.com)
  • All larvae of Lepidoptera are caterpillars but some are known as slugs, worms, or borers. (everything2.com)
  • Whirlagig larvae have many long, leg-like gills running down the sides of their bodies, making them resemble centipedes. (journal-news.net)
  • Firefly larvae are fast-moving predators with six strong legs and bodies made of a series of armored plates. (journal-news.net)
  • Their larvae are fast-running, black and velvety-looking, often with red heads, and resemble caterpillars. (journal-news.net)
  • With the eggs hatched inside the caterpillar, up to 60 individual larvae will soon develop. (scribol.com)
  • After twelve days of the caterpillar gorging and providing nourishment, the larvae within will each have grown to the size of a grain of rice. (scribol.com)
  • The caterpillar continues to feed and balloon, consuming one and a half times as much food as would one of its un-parasitized kin, with more than 30% of its body weight made up by the larvae. (scribol.com)
  • As with most common names, the application of the word is arbitrary and the larvae of sawflies commonly are called caterpillars as well. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • [1] [2] Both lepidopteran and symphytan larvae have eruciform body shapes. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • Some larvae of the Hymenoptera order (ants, bees and wasps) can appear like the caterpillars of the Lepidoptera. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • However while these larvae superficially resemble caterpillars, they can be distinguished by the presence of prolegs on every abdominal segment, an absence of crochets or hooks on the prolegs (these are present on lepidopteran caterpillars), one pair of prominent ocelli on the head capsule, and an absence of the upside-down Y-shaped suture on the front of the head. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • sawfly larvae have 6 or more pairs while caterpillars have a maximum of 5 pairs. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • the sawfly larvae have only two, while caterpillars usually have six. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • sawfly larvae have an invariably smooth head capsule with no cleavage lines, while lepidopterous caterpillars bear an inverted "Y" or "V" (adfrontal suture). (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • Their size varies between species and instars (moults) from as small as 1 mm up to 14 cm. [5] Some larvae of the order Hymenoptera (ants, bees and wasps) can appear like the caterpillars of the Lepidoptera. (orange.com)
  • They are not to be confused with superparasites, which are those that live in large populations within a single host (this happens in particular in the case of wasps larvae that are parasites of caterpillars). (animal-ethics.org)
  • As the larvae get to the small intestine, they reproduce and enter the blood stream, affecting various organs such as the retina, myocardium and skeletal muscle cells, causing edema, muscle pain, fever, and weakness. (animal-ethics.org)
  • Larvae, just like all other insects, have three distinct body parts: the head , thorax , and abdomen . (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • The fleshy tentacles at the front and rear ends of monarch larvae are not antennae, but they do function as sense organs. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • The larva, or caterpillar , that hatches from the egg is the second stage in the life cycle. (uky.edu)
  • When the wasp larva hatches inside the tobacco budworm's body, it slowly consumes the caterpillar as it grows. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • The larva is black in colour, with several parallel rows of spines down its body length - these can be yellow, white and black in colour. (treesforlife.org.uk)
  • The larva is the caterpillar of butterflies and moths. (everything2.com)
  • Caterpillars and grubs are larva. (wikibooks.org)
  • The transformation from an egg to an adult butterfly involves first a segmented, worm-like larva (caterpillar), then an immobile pupal stage, and finally the winged adult emerges. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • For example, in the life cycle of a butterfly , the embryo grows within the egg , hatching into the segmented larva ( caterpillar ), before entering the pupal stage (a butterfly pupa is called a chrysalis ), and finally emerging as an adult butterfly imago. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In the pupal stage, the insect will excrete digestive juices to destroy much of the larva's body, leaving a few cells intact, while groups of cells, called imaginal disks, develop into the tissues of the adult, using the nutrients from the broken down larva. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A chrysalis is formed when a caterpillar is ready to undergo metamorphosis into an adult butterfly. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Inside the chrysalis, the early body parts of the caterpillar are experiencing an astonishing metamorphosis to turn into the elegant parts that compose the exquisite butterfly that will shortly surface. (hubpages.com)
  • One team analysed the caterpillar of the stunning blue morpho just before it started metamorphosis and a week into the process. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Within the chrysalis the old body parts of the caterpillar are undergoing a remarkable transformation, called 'metamorphosis,' to become the beautiful parts that make up the butterfly that will emerge. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • A caterpillar's life starts with a textured, patterned egg and ends with a chrysalis -- a protective covering in which the caterpillar pupates , or undergoes a metamorphosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The stage between each molt is called an instar , and most caterpillars go through five of them, growing very quickly and consuming lots of food to power their metamorphosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Next, we'll look at how silk can save a caterpillar's life, why it effects how quickly a caterpillar grows and why it's crucial to a successful metamorphosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The metamorphosis of a caterpillar into a butterfly has long captivated as a metaphor for human transformation. (umn.edu)
  • During metamorphosis, juices that earlier in life helped the caterpillar digest food now attack its body. (umn.edu)
  • In zoology , metamorphosis is the process of pronounced and relatively abrupt developmental change in the internal and external morphology of an animal after the embryonic stage, accompanied by changes in physiology (body functions) and usually (but not always) striking changes in behavior or habitat. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The complete metamorphosis of a butterfly has been used as a metaphor for eternal life, as the "earth-bound" caterpillar transforms into the ethereal butterfly. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • During its life cycle, a butterfly undergoes a complete metamorphosis (pronounced met-uh-MORE-fuhsiss) during which it changes from a leaf-eating caterpillar to a nectar-sipping butterfly. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It takes monarchs about a month to go through the stages from egg to adult, and it is hormones circulating within the body that trigger the changes that occur during metamorphosis. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • The many muscles are unique to caterpillars as insects such as grasshoppers have only 900 muscles. (worldatlas.com)
  • Like all other insects, butterflies have six legs and three main body parts: head, thorax (chest or mid section) and abdomen (tail end). (uky.edu)
  • A stinger (or sting) is a sharp organ found in various animals (typically insects and other arthropods) capable of injecting venom, usually by piercing the epidermis of another animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • By dissecting these models rather than the actual insects, the teams could see the structures of specific organs, like the guts or breathing tubes. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • For all winged adult insects, the wings cover or partially cover the abdomen, except dragonflies (Odonata), which hold their wings away from the body at rest. (ecolandscaping.org)
  • Certain parasitic insects spend much of their lives on or within the body of an animal host, where all the comforts of life-food, moisture, warmth, protection from enemies-are optimal. (britannica.com)
  • It is from the joined body rings, or segments, that insects derived their name, for the Latin word insecta means "segmented. (britannica.com)
  • Butterfly Body Parts - One of the most beautiful insects in the world is butterfly. (thefollisreport.com)
  • And just like the monarch caterpillars which sequester and concentrate the toxins in their own bodies, giving them a bitter taste and protection against predators, many other milkweed insects - including milkweed bugs, milkweed longhorn beetles, and milkweed leaf beetles - have developed ways for using the toxins in their own defense, too. (wimastergardener.org)
  • They are insects and therefore have three main body regions. (everything2.com)
  • Compound eye - Organ of vision in many insects. (wikibooks.org)
  • Ichneumon wasps are insects that could inspire a horror movie: it picks a victim, usually a caterpillar, and injects her eggs into the host's body. (bolokids.com)
  • Bugs in this sense are small to medium-size insects, generally with flat and wide bodies (sometimes almost as wide as long). (mvtimes.com)
  • The business end of these insects, which varies widely in overall shape and appearance, features a robust spike that is generally carried tucked up under the face and body of the insect. (mvtimes.com)
  • Though both spiders and insects have exoskeletons, insects have a three-part body (consisting of the head, thorax, and abdomen) with six legs, which are organized in three pairs on each side of the body. (georgiaencyclopedia.org)
  • From the animal point of view, butterflies are near the bottom of the food chain and provide food (especially in their caterpillar stage) for birds, mammals, and other insects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A major cell type of insects that stores fat body and reserves nutrients. (scribd.com)
  • All insects have three body parts: a head, thorax, and abdomen. (essayempire.com)
  • Insects have open circulatory system and its body fluid circulates around inside the exoskeleton. (essayempire.com)
  • abdomen - The third region of the body of a butterfly (or other insect), consisting of ten segments containing the internal organs like digestive, nervous and excretory systems, as well as sexual organs. (monarch.org.nz)
  • The protective armor plate also serves as an external skeleton, or exoskeleton , for the support of the internal organs. (britannica.com)
  • The worm lives in cysts in the internal organs (e.g. the lungs) of the intermediate host which are then passed, after consumption, to the definitive host's intestine. (animal-ethics.org)
  • Helps redirect blood flow to internal organs (especially the adrenal glands). (medium.com)
  • Their typical body make up consists of appendages, each one with a dedicated function such as locomotion or internal organs. (weebly.com)
  • Caterpillars are the larval stage of the butterflies and moths that belong to the scientific order Lepidoptera. (worldatlas.com)
  • Caterpillars that do not feed well are unable to give birth when they become butterflies or moths. (worldatlas.com)
  • Most caterpillars morph into moths in a few short weeks. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Others, like the caterpillars of geometer moths, have no prolegs in the middle part of their abdomen. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Even though some black caterpillars may look unsightly and unappealing, they turn into beautiful butterflies or moths. (schillerfitness.com)
  • Sphinx moths' caterpillars are long and fat, have a variety of colors and have a poisonous excretion from their stomachs to ward off predators. (ehow.com)
  • Tent and gypsy moths are small, short-haired or spiked caterpillars that are extremely destructive to forests. (ehow.com)
  • The fact that caterpillars are specialized for growth and the adult butterflies and moths for dispersal and reproduction , eliminates conflict between two activities that require great energy expenditure (Towle 1989). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Caterpillars / ˈ k æ t ər ˌ p ɪ l ər / are the larval stage of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths ). (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • In fact many moth species are best known in their caterpillar stages because of the damage they cause to fruits and other agricultural produce, whereas the moths are obscure and do no direct harm. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • Their bodies are thin and hairless, while most moths have plump and furry bodies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • While butterflies and moths do not care for their young after hatching, they do lay their eggs on the appropriate host plant, which will be food for the newly hatched caterpillars. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • As a result, the caterpillars may end up being 100 times larger than their size when they hatch. (worldatlas.com)
  • Since they are tiny and can not travel to a new plant, the caterpillar needs to hatch on the kind of leaf it wants to eat. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Caterpillars from the same area - and even from the same hatch - often have very different banding. (howstuffworks.com)
  • So, the female scouts for just the right plant: one her caterpillars can use for food when they hatch. (welcomewildlife.com)
  • If the caterpillars hatch in the spring and feed on oak catkins they appear green. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • The caterpillar attaches itself to a twig, a wall or some other support and the exoskeleton splits open to reveal the chrysalis. (uky.edu)
  • However, it is within the chrysalis shell that the caterpillar's structure is broken down and rearranged into the wings, body and legs of the adult butterfly. (uky.edu)
  • They could also watch the organs change over time by repeatedly scanning the same chrysalis over many days. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As soon as a caterpillar is done growing and they have reached their full length/weight, they form themselves into a pupa, also known as a chrysalis. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • When the butterfly first emerges from the chrysalis, both of the wings are going to be soft and folded against its body. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • anal claspers - hind-most leg-like structures on the caterpillar, used to attach to the silk pad the caterpillar spins at the beginning of the chrysalis stage. (monarch.org.nz)
  • Between egg and chrysalis are a series of molts , in which the caterpillar sheds its too-tight skin, typically eating it afterward. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The CT scanner was then able to take 2000 X-rays as the caterpillar grew and broke out of its chrysalis. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The caterpillar's organs degenerate completely and a new body develops. (sciencephoto.com)
  • it is located at the terminal part of the caterpillar's body. (ikonet.com)
  • A caterpillar's body is basically a tube for processing and storing food. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Here, the caterpillar's digestive system breaks down the food and eventually stores it in a layer of fat called the fat body . (howstuffworks.com)
  • The caterpillar's body dissolves. (blogspot.com)
  • Swimming inside the caterpillar's ever more bloated body, parasites live on the blood of their host. (scribol.com)
  • This means that the butterfly changes completely from its early larval stage, when it is a caterpillar, until the final stage, when it becomes a beautiful and graceful adult butterfly. (uky.edu)
  • And some cells create imaginal discs-structures that produce adult body parts. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Finally, when the caterpillar has done all of its forming and changing inside the pupa, if you are lucky, you will get to see an adult butterfly emerge. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Adult insect body plan. (ecolandscaping.org)
  • Figure 1 illustrates the adult insect body plan using the grasshopper as a model. (ecolandscaping.org)
  • The long "grubworm" part of the body is simply the enormously elongated and unpigmented abdomen of the adult. (wordpress.com)
  • Like the monarch caterpillar, this species also sequesters cardiac glycosides and retains them in the adult body. (wimastergardener.org)
  • The body tissues and organs of the caterpillar are broken down and re-arranged to develop the adult. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Like the adult, caterpillars have three body regions. (everything2.com)
  • The nymph resembles the adult but lacks wings and functional reproductive organs. (wikibooks.org)
  • In contrast to, say, butterflies, which start as caterpillars before morphing into a dramatically different adult form, bugs start out as nymphs that are essentially small versions of their adult selves. (mvtimes.com)
  • To begin the morbid process, the adult female parasitic wasp, Cotesia glomerata impregnates a cabbage white caterpillar chosen as the host for its hungry little wasps to-be, thrusting its needle-like ovipositor through the victim's skin and pumping her eggs into the body cavity. (scribol.com)
  • On the other hand, after a grasshopper egg hatches, the emerging nymph looks similar to the adult, but lacks wings and has underdeveloped reproductive organs. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The caterpillar looks more like a worm than an adult butterfly, but has the typical insect three pairs of jointed legs as well as several pairs of fleshy legs (Towle 1989). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Butterflies have an exoskeleton having jointed legs and composed of three basic body parts namely including head, thorax as well as abdomen. (thefollisreport.com)
  • Abdomen - Hindmost section of the body of an insect or spider. (wikibooks.org)
  • In general, spiders are unique for their ability to create silk with organs called "spinnerets," which are located on the abdomen. (georgiaencyclopedia.org)
  • Black widow spiders are marked by their shiny black bodies with a red hourglass shape on the abdomen. (floridapoisoncontrol.org)
  • When she is clear of most of the vegetation on the ground she bends her abdomen upwards displaying her glowing organs in hope of attracting a passing male. (animaldiversity.org)
  • The abdomen has the organs of digestion and reproduction. (essayempire.com)
  • Yet its body produces an antifreeze substance, called glycerol that shields its vital organs and cells from the worst effects of the cold, reportedly to as low as -90 Fahrenheit (-67 Celsius). (howstuffworks.com)
  • He spoke to Rivera about giving the old wise man characteristics of other species: the longevity of the Galápagos Islands turtle, whose metabolism prevents its vital organs from being damaged, the tongue of the chameleon, which is among the longest of any animal in relation to body size, the caterpillar which has the most acute sense of smell. (womex.com)
  • The burgeoning body invaders are clever, however, for while they drink their host's blood, they are careful not harm its vital organs. (scribol.com)
  • Sensory neurons in the body wall of larval Drosophila in particular have been the subject of numerous anatomical studies, however, little is known about the intrinsic electrical properties of larval sensory cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This work provides a first characterization of voltage-activated ionic currents in an identified body-wall sensory neuron in larval Drosophila . (biomedcentral.com)
  • In fact, it is only the larval stage of a butterfly or moth that grows and "runt" adults can result from a poor diet as a caterpillar. (ucdavis.edu)
  • By the third larval stage feeding is nocturnal and during the day the yellow-green caterpillars rest on the lower surfaces of leaves upon silken cushions. (fsu.edu)
  • Throughout the larval stage a caterpillar has to shed its skin several times in order to grow. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • If you'd like to distinguish between the different larval instars, we have developed A Field Guide to Monarch Caterpillars . (monarchlab.org)
  • As you have discovered its body parts, you will surely be impressed and will love this wonderful insect . (thefollisreport.com)
  • Monarch butterfly ( Danaus plexippus ) caterpillars are probably the one insect most people associate with milkweeds ( Asclepias spp. (wimastergardener.org)
  • Provide the Right Housing You don't need a fancy insect terrarium to raise a caterpillar. (schillerfitness.com)
  • When a butterfly changes from a slow-moving, fat caterpillar to a colorfully winged, beautiful flying insect, one of nature's most magical events occurs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Body of the insect, toward the posterior of the thorax. (scribd.com)
  • Our curriculum suggests we compare the digestive system of a human body to that of an insect. (uiuc.edu)
  • The exoskeleton has the capacity to protect the insect from the environment or natural enemies and has several sense organs for detecting light, pressure, sound, temperature, wind, and smell, which makes them very successful survivors. (essayempire.com)
  • When the egg hatches, the caterpillar begins his labor and eats the leaf, the one where they were born on the surface of. (hubpages.com)
  • When the egg hatches, the caterpillar will start his work and eat the leaf they were born onto. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Eventually, a caterpillar turns into a butterfly or moth. (worldatlas.com)
  • The assassin caterpillar, also known as giant silkworm moth, has caused many human deaths in South Africa (especially in Brazil). (worldatlas.com)
  • These detrimental moth caterpillars attack not only tobacco, as suggested by the common name, but also soybeans and cotton, along with many other plant species. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • We found the opposite is true with tiger moth caterpillars and their parasites," said UA Regents Professor Emerita Elizabeth Bernays. (innovations-report.com)
  • The chemical war starts when parasitic flies of the tachinid family seek out their victims, the caterpillars of two species of tiger moth, Grammia geneura and Estigmene acrea. (innovations-report.com)
  • Another caterpillar that specializes on milkweeds is the milkweed tussock caterpillar or milkweed tiger moth, Euchaetes egle , in the family Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae (formerly family Acrtiidae). (wimastergardener.org)
  • Milkweed tussock moth caterpillars feed together in large groups in the early instars. (wimastergardener.org)
  • Instead the moth evolved to produce ultrasonic clicks from their tymbal organs which bats quickly learn is associated with a noxious mouthful and then avoid the moth as prey. (wimastergardener.org)
  • A photo of a Gypsy moth caterpillar 'face. (livescience.com)
  • Gypsy moth caterpillars infected by a virus are hypnotized into climbing to the top of trees to die, liquefy and rain viral particles on the foliage below to infect others. (livescience.com)
  • This puss moth caterpillar is using its mandibles to feed on leaves. (schillerfitness.com)
  • There are some other poisonous caterpillars like the monarch, stinging rose, cinnabar moth and the bag caterpillars. (schillerfitness.com)
  • I think it's safe to say that everyone knows what a caterpillar looks like and that it will become a moth or butterfly. (journal-news.net)
  • A tiger moth is known especially for its caterpillar, which is the woolly bear caterpillar. (ehow.com)
  • Silkworm moth caterpillars are white and fluffy. (ehow.com)
  • In 2019 , a geometrid moth caterpillar dating back to the Eocene epoch , approximately 44 million years ago , was found preserved in Baltic amber . (orange.com)
  • Milkweed tussock moth caterpillars are usually found in groups, in late summer. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • Caterpillar refers only to a butterfly or moth in this stage. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • The Lepidoptera show many variations of the basic body structure that have evolved to gain advantages in lifestyle and distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the caterpillar continues to eat, its body grows considerably. (uky.edu)
  • As a caterpillar grows, it molts. (everything2.com)
  • In the wild, cordyceps is a parasitic fungus which grows on caterpillars on the high Tibetan plateau. (medicinehunter.com)
  • As the caterpillar grows and becomes too large for its skin, it molts , or sheds its skin. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • Much as one sees more than six legs on a caterpillar, only the six legs found on its thorax are true legs. (worldatlas.com)
  • Six legs attached to the thorax let the caterpillar move around. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Cephalothorax - Two of the three major body regions (head and thorax) combined into one, as in spiders. (wikibooks.org)
  • A caterpillar may go through as many as four to five molts before it becomes a pupa. (uky.edu)
  • Shortly after the caterpillar is done growing, and they have reached their complete span and ideal weight, they configure themselves into a pupa. (hubpages.com)
  • Ultimately when the caterpillar is finished all of its creating and changing in the pupa, a butterfly will emerge. (hubpages.com)
  • From the outside of the pupa, it looks as if the caterpillar may just be resting, but the inside is where all of the action is. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Inside of the pupa, the caterpillar is rapidly changing. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Tissue, limbs and organs of a caterpillar have all been changed by the time the pupa is finished, and is now ready for the final stage of a butterfly's life cycle. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • The agricultural pests feature evertable prothoracic organs, which emit defensive chemicals that are quite effective, even against the dreaded army ants of the Amazon. (fsu.edu)
  • Gossamer-wing caterpillars have a close relationship with ants as the ants protect the caterpillars and the caterpillars secrete a sweet liquid, which the ants feed off. (ehow.com)
  • The caterpillars hatching from these eggs can cause damage to large quantities of crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most awesome thing about butterfly eggs, particularly with the monarch butterfly eggs, if you take a look up close, the caterpillar is visible. (hubpages.com)
  • This is essential since the mother butterfly must deposit her eggs on the appropriate variety of leaf, the appeals to the caterpillar to eat. (hubpages.com)
  • The coolest thing about butterfly eggs, especially monarch butterfly eggs, is that if you look close enough you can actually see the tiny caterpillar growing inside of it. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • This is really important because the mother butterfly needs to lay her eggs on the type of leaf the caterpillar will eat - each caterpillar type likes only certain types of leaves. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • The flies lay their eggs on the outer surface (cuticle) of the caterpillar. (innovations-report.com)
  • To further validate that size matters, in a marine worm called Bonellia Viridis, the hormonal secretions of a proximate female, if they reach the eggs lying in the sand of the water, determine the development pathway and result in a miniscule male, who resides in the womb of the female, feeding on her body and periodically fertilizing her eggs. (boloji.com)
  • Once a butterfly lays her eggs, they're on their own, as are the tiny caterpillars who will emerge from them. (welcomewildlife.com)
  • This caterpillar is a true eating machine, and it continues to eat the leaves of the plant where its mother laid her eggs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 1) Monarch egg on a milkweed leaf 2) Searching for monarch eggs 3) Monarch eggs on milkweed plant 4) Caterpillar ready to emerge from egg 5) Scanning electron microscope image of monarch egg. (monarchlab.org)
  • Then, it eats the caterpillar but it keeps the victim alive as long as possible by eating its fatty deposits and digestive organs first and saving the heart and central nervous system for last. (bolokids.com)
  • Endoparasites live inside the host's body: in the blood, tissues, body cavities, digestive tract and other organs, consuming and reproducing from internal resources. (animal-ethics.org)
  • The red section is the pupa's digestive organs, also known as the midgut. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Pipevine swallowtail caterpillars and butterflies are toxic to predators. (sciencephoto.com)
  • This gives the caterpillar a little extra nourishment and also gets rid of evidence that could attract predators. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In many species, false eyes help distract predators while real eyes allow the caterpillar to see. (howstuffworks.com)
  • An osmeterium , found on swallowtail caterpillars, produces a foul-smelling substance that deters predators. (howstuffworks.com)
  • However, the Black Swallowtail caterpillar has a defense in the form of a very offensive odor she can emit to help repel predators. (welcomewildlife.com)
  • It will need lots of it on its way to becoming a butterfly - this smelly defense won't deter all predators and life for this caterpillar (and most others) is fraught with danger. (welcomewildlife.com)
  • Other have sharp spines or prickly hairs on their bodies to deter predators, while still others have circles or spots on their skin that trick their predators into thinking that the caterpillar is really a larger animal than it is. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Initially the caterpillars with black head capsules are pale and hairless, and second instar caterpillars have sparse spines or hairs. (wimastergardener.org)
  • By the third instar the caterpillars have thick tufts of black, white and orange (sometimes yellow) hairs covering the body. (wimastergardener.org)
  • Caterpillars that are brightly colored, have spines or hairs are probably venomous and should not be touched. (schillerfitness.com)
  • Milkweed tussock caterpillar is seldom in competition with monarch caterpillars, as they generally feed on older shoots while monarchs prefer younger shoots. (wimastergardener.org)
  • For example, the Monarch caterpillar is black with white and yellow tiger-like stripes. (schillerfitness.com)
  • After the pupal stage, this caterpillar turns into the stunning Monarch butterfly. (schillerfitness.com)
  • Finally, I herded the third group into the Outdoor Classroom, where we acted out the monarch butterflies' Super Transformation from caterpillar to butterfly. (blogspot.com)
  • Caterpillars also have spinnerets , or silk-producing organs, in their heads. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Behind the mandibles of the caterpillar are the spinnerets , for manipulating silk . (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • They arrange themselves in a row which comprises about 300 caterpillars so that they resemble a snake. (worldatlas.com)
  • They do resemble the eel in that they don't have scales, and are in fact very long in body size. (itsnature.org)
  • Many caterpillars are cryptically colored and resemble the plants on which they feed. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • [15] Caterpillars may even have spines or growths that resemble plant parts such as thorns. (orange.com)
  • Anterior portion of the body of the caterpillar containing the main sensory organs. (ikonet.com)
  • The antennae help to guide the weak-eyed caterpillar as it moves around, and the maxillary palps (sensory organs), help direct food into its jaws. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • It has a few other organs and nerves that are related to optics and sensory fibers that are distributed throughout the body, even to the heart! (weebly.com)
  • There nervous system is much more complex than one of a horseshoe crab due to how their sensory organs operate. (weebly.com)
  • This brown and black woolly bear caterpillar is inching its way across the straw. (howstuffworks.com)
  • 3) When a butterfly rests, it will do so with its wings held upright over its body. (uky.edu)
  • The most apparent is the presence of scales that cover the bodies, wings, and a proboscis. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the moment, the majority of people know caterpillars are not very long, stumpy and have no wings, not even tiny ones at this point. (hubpages.com)
  • Initially once the butterfly appears the wings are supple and gathered against its body. (hubpages.com)
  • Now, as most people know, caterpillars are short, stubby and have no wings at all. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Its common name derives from the seven pearly-silver coloured spots along the perimeter of the underside of the hind wings, while two other similar spots are situated closer to the body, in the centre of the wings. (treesforlife.org.uk)
  • Many owl butterflies in the wild are found with a piece of their hind wings missing, indicating that even if a predator is not deterred by the eye spots and wing colors, it may be fooled into attacking the wing instead of the vital butterfly body. (fsu.edu)
  • Halteres - Pair of balancing organs just behind and at the base of a fly's wings. (wikibooks.org)
  • This is a correct description since their wings and their bodies are covered with tiny scales. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Commonly, a molt begins at a bird's head, progresses down the body to its wings and torso, and finishes with the tail feathers. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The network of fibers all along it's body, wings, and antennae are all interconnected and run separately from the brain. (weebly.com)
  • however, prior to investigations into Lonomia caterpillars, it was not known that caterpillars could produce toxins which in sufficient quantities could kill a human being. (schillerfitness.com)
  • It helps to detoxify toxins in the liver as well as the entire body. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • Any water that is left over leaves the body with the toxins, through sweat and urine. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • Sweet juicy fruits are excellent cleansers - they help flush toxins out of the body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • I thought it might have just exploded and poisoned my poor body with it's toxins. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • An infusion of the root, leaves and flowers encourages the elimination of toxins from the body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • She informed me that she didn't mean for the whole four weeks, just for a few days to free my body of all the toxins. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • It protects the body tissues from toxins from the atmosphere, food and other sources. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • One way the body can eliminate toxins is via the skin through sweating. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • This is a powerful detoxifier which helps the body get rid of toxins and restores and protects the liver. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • In any of these diets increasing water intake is essential to help flush toxins out the body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • The liver is often the first organ to indicate reactions to herbal remedies as this is the part of the body where toxins collect. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • The caterpillars harness the plant toxins and use them as a natural defence against predation. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • Water is also essential to good health, feeling vital and to flush toxins from the body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • Doctors later realised Liam's appendix had burst, releasing dangerous toxins into his body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • Detox diets are quite popular now, where you virtually fast for a week to get rid of all the toxins in your body. (oxforddictionaries.com)
  • Caterpillars produce silk through an opening on their lips known as the spinneret that releases liquid silk. (worldatlas.com)
  • A few caterpillar species eat even larger animals -- several Hawaiian species eat snails after tying them to twigs with silk. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Silk textiles have been produced by the mulberry silkworm , the caterpillar of the domesticated silkmoth, Bombyx mori , for millennia. (georgiaencyclopedia.org)
  • Conversely, various species of caterpillar are valued as sources of silk, as human or animal food, or for biological control of pest plants. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • The spinneret produces silk, which the caterpillar uses to anchor itself when needed and to create the silk pad it uses to hang from when it pupates. (juliesbutterflies.com)
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  • They are less showy than monarchs, and advertise their toxicity by producing clicks with their tymbal organs on their thoraxes. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • One longstanding legend says that woolly bears, those fuzzy caterpillars wriggling along on your local sidewalks, often know how severe a winter will be. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Can fuzzy caterpillars kill you? (schillerfitness.com)
  • Among these wasps, the tobacco budworm parasitoid has a relatively large head with large jaws and thicker body compared to other black and orange parasitoid wasps. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • The female wasps possess egg-laying organs, called ovipositors, that are about half the length of their bodies. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • Female wasps insert a single egg into each tobacco budworm (Heliothus virescens) host caterpillar. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • There are certain wasps, which propagate by injecting their egg into the live bodies of other caterpillars or fruits and if they sense the presence of another egg in the host, they use their spermatheca to deposit a male egg instead of a female one to increase the chances of propagating their species. (boloji.com)
  • Wasps and hornets have smooth segmented bodies. (floridapoisoncontrol.org)
  • Chinese caterpillar fungus or Cordyceps Sinensis are primarily made of Cordycepin. (topmaleenhancer.com)
  • Recent research has revealed that Sichuan-Tibetan caterpillar fungus does not only contain cordycepin, it is also rich in protein, fat, amino acids, vit B1 & B2 as well as over 170 compounds common to all forms of caterpillar fungus. (topmaleenhancer.com)
  • Compared to popular caterpillar fungus, it can substantially modify some functions of the body. (topmaleenhancer.com)
  • The heart worm is a parasitic nematode that lives within the bodies of animals, mainly the heart. (ehow.com)
  • Is a black caterpillar poisonous? (schillerfitness.com)
  • What we noticed with the Black Spiky Caterpillars is that they are not poisonous, at least not all of them are. (schillerfitness.com)
  • Are all white caterpillars poisonous? (schillerfitness.com)
  • These caterpillars would be poisonous but not fatal if swallowed, but are not dangerous in any way to touch. (schillerfitness.com)
  • What do poisonous caterpillars turn into? (schillerfitness.com)
  • The appearance of a caterpillar can often repel a predator: its markings and certain body parts can make it seem poisonous, or bigger in size and thus threatening, or non-edible. (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • Some types of caterpillars are indeed poisonous or distasteful and their bright coloring is aposematic . (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • Swallowtail caterpillars are long with scent organs. (ehow.com)
  • Moreover, on the close base of the antennae in the second segment was the Johnston's organ. (thefollisreport.com)
  • They can be recognized by their rather soft beige or brown bodies, their long segmented antennae and their abdomens extending past their elytra (more or less, depending on whether you are looking at a male or a female). (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • The head looks black, with lighter spots around the antennae and below the mouthparts, and may be wider than the body. (juliesbutterflies.com)
  • While other animals can undergo limited transdifferentiation to regenerate organs (salamandars can regrow limbs, for example), Turritopsi is the only one that can regenerate its entire body. (discovermagazine.com)
  • arthropod - the group of animals which have exoskeletons made of chitin, segmented bodies and jointed limbs. (monarch.org.nz)
  • Arthropod - Animal with its skeleton on the outside, having a segmented body and jointed limbs. (wikibooks.org)
  • The demands of increased eating, aggressive supplement choices, and a rapid gain in mass can all have an impact on the body's organs. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • The demands of increased eating, rapid gains in mass and the use of certain supplements can all have an impact on the body's organs. (priceplow.com)
  • Hormones are chemical messengers that help the body's cells and organs communicate with each other. (medium.com)
  • The older caterpillars sever major leaf veins to reduce the amount of latex sap encountered. (wimastergardener.org)
  • To give an example, caterpillars are required to eat large amounts, and it is essential for the adults to procreate. (hubpages.com)
  • Each stage has a different goal - for instance, caterpillars need to eat a lot, and adults need to reproduce. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Adults are about one-quarter inch (6 mm) in body length. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • When they become adults it is nearly as unique as the caterpillar becoming a butterfly. (itsnature.org)
  • Adults are less commonly seen than caterpillars, which permanently live on milkweed, their host plant. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • They are also not worm-like but have segmented bodies and six legs at the head end, quite similar to adults. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Others are interested in how tissues grow into complex and specific shapes, eventually forming organs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Before long, their teeth will be sharp enough for them to slice their way out of the caterpillar - eating it alive from the inside out - while their host becomes a zombified bodyguard, protecting and ultimately dying for its murderous, newly hatched brood. (scribol.com)
  • Almost all caterpillars are herbivores, but there are some exceptions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • These live butterfly kits are amazing for a science project or simply for children to learn all about the ever-changing caterpillar and the butterfly's life cycle in general. (thebutterflysite.com)
  • Tissue, body parts, and the organs of a caterpillar have all gone through a dramatic becoming different. (hubpages.com)
  • Inside they feast on the caterpillar s tissue, using it as an ever-fresh live supply of food. (innovations-report.com)
  • What follows is her detailed report on the tissue, skin, bone and organ harvesting conducted for many years at Israel's L. Greenberg National Institute of Forensic Medicine, a.k.a. (thetruthseeker.co.uk)
  • Compresses the abdominal organs, stimulating the pancreas and thymus. (medium.com)
  • The tough outer skin or exoskeleton, however, does not grow or stretch along with the enlarging caterpillar. (uky.edu)
  • The multilayered exoskeleton, which is composed of hardened layers of protein and chitin, form their body shape. (essayempire.com)
  • Air enters through spiracles located in the exoskeleton and circulates through the breathing tubes, which spread out everywhere in the body. (essayempire.com)
  • The nervous system sends messages from the sense organs to and from the brain. (essayempire.com)
  • Many butterfly caterpillars have no defenses at all, save for green or brown coloration that helps them blend into their surroundings. (welcomewildlife.com)
  • Caterpillars have evolved defenses against physical conditions such as cold, hot or dry environmental conditions. (hitchhikersgui.de)
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  • There are seven major endocrine glands in the body, working together to maintain this state of balance: pineal, pituitary, thyroid and parathyroid (separate but located together), thymus, pancreas, adrenals and sexual organs. (medium.com)
  • Actually a tiny caterpillar eats its way out the egg, and then proceeds to eat the eggshell. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The origins of the word "caterpillar" date from the early 16th century. (hitchhikersgui.de)
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  • As a result, the caterpillars prefer to consume plants containing chemicals toxic to the parasites. (innovations-report.com)
  • Some plants that the caterpillars feed on produce chemicals that are toxic to the parasites and kill them. (innovations-report.com)
  • The bag shelter caterpillar (Ochrogaster lunifer) is without doubt the most toxic caterpillar on our list. (schillerfitness.com)
  • Saprophytes, organisms that live on organic matter, are merely parasites of the dead, whilst all animals derive their nourishment from the bodies of plants, either directly or indirectly through one or more sets of other animals. (wikisource.org)
  • The detox system of the body has a lot to do when killing parasites. (curezone.org)
  • The presence of the parasites alters their hosts taste organs. (innovations-report.com)
  • But caterpillars with parasites in their bodies behave differently, the team found. (innovations-report.com)
  • When parasites are present in a caterpillar, its taste cells react differently to chemicals in the food. (innovations-report.com)
  • As a result, the change in behavior elicited by the parasites makes parasitized caterpillars consume more of the beneficial plants. (innovations-report.com)
  • In many cases, the altered behavior helps the caterpillar to escape its impending doom because the plant chemicals kill off its parasites. (innovations-report.com)
  • Instead of lungs, caterpillars possess spiracles that are located on each side of their bodies. (worldatlas.com)
  • The other legs are false legs (called prolegs) that help the caterpillar to climb and move around plant surfaces. (worldatlas.com)
  • Caterpillars often, but not always, have several pairs of true legs, along with several pairs of false legs or prolegs . (uky.edu)
  • Since prolegs don't have segments or joints, they're not real legs, so even though it doesn't look like it, a caterpillar is a six-legged animal. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Differing stages of life from caterpillar to cocoon to butterfly. (worldatlas.com)
  • Normally the caterpillars wander around and eat lots of different plants," explained Bernays. (innovations-report.com)
  • These larger caterpillars wander about so they may be seen alone or in small groups from mid to late summer on common milkweed ( A. syriaca ) and a few other plants. (wimastergardener.org)
  • Molting gives caterpillars more room to move, but it doesn't wipe out what they've learned about their environment -- most likely, their memory lasts over one or two molts. (howstuffworks.com)
  • the caterpillar usually has five pairs, including the anal claspers. (ikonet.com)
  • The caterpillar has three pairs. (ikonet.com)
  • In contrast, spiders have two-part bodies, which lack visible segmentation, and four pairs of legs. (georgiaencyclopedia.org)
  • The cells become more responsive to the protective chemicals and less sensitive to other chemicals, which are present in the same plants but are distasteful to the caterpillar and normally cause it to crawl off and look for tastier plants elsewhere. (innovations-report.com)

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