The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain physalin and withangulatin.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
The physical measurements of a body.
The quantity of volume or surface area of CELLS.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
ANIMALS whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING, or their offspring.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They generally contain several modular domains, each of which having its own binding activity, and act by forming complexes with other intracellular-signaling molecules. Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing enzymes
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.
Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.
Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
Proteins that are normally involved in holding cellular growth in check. Deficiencies or abnormalities in these proteins may lead to unregulated cell growth and tumor development.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
A family of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of ATP and a protein to ADP and a phosphoprotein.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
A structure, situated close to the intraventricular foramen, which induces DRINKING BEHAVIOR after stimulation with ANGIOTENSIN II.
Abnormal descent of a pelvic organ resulting in the protrusion of the organ beyond its normal anatomical confines. Symptoms often include vaginal discomfort, DYSPAREUNIA; URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE; and FECAL INCONTINENCE.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.

Decreased liver and lung drug-metabolizing activity in mice treated with Corynebacterium parvum. (1/12866)

Injections of killed suspensions of Corynebacterium parvum (i.p.) in young male mice were followed by time- and dose-dependent decreases in the drug-metabolizing activity of liver microsomes and lung homogenates. In vitro assays with model substrates [aminopyrine, aniline, p-nitroanisole, and benzo(a)pyrene] were used to quantitate drug-metabolizing activity. It is likely that such decreases in mixed function oxidases activity will act to significantly alter the pharmacokinetics of concurrently or subsequently administered drugs. The results provide a possible mechanism to explain several previously reported immunochemotherapeutic interactions.  (+info)

Ambiguity of the thymidine index. (2/12866)

The observed thymidine indices of seven experimental tumor lines are compared as a function of duration of emulsion exposure. The effects of dose level of tritiated thymidine and background threshold are also evaluated. The results indicate that an arbitrary high background threshold discriminates against "lightly" labeled cells at short periods of exposure but that the chosen threshold becomes less critical with longer exposure. The observed thymidine index increases with increasing duration of emulsion exposure but appears to approach a plateau for all tumor systems. The "thymidine index curves" are significantly different for each tumor. There is an inverse relationship between the dose of tritiated thymidine and the duration of exposure required to recognize the same fraction of cells as labeled in a given tumor. Similar experimental conditions do not necessarily guarantee a valid basis for comparison of observed thymidine indices among tumors.  (+info)

The developmental basis for allometry in insects. (3/12866)

Within all species of animals, the size of each organ bears a specific relationship to overall body size. These patterns of organ size relative to total body size are called static allometry and have enchanted biologists for centuries, yet the mechanisms generating these patterns have attracted little experimental study. We review recent and older work on holometabolous insect development that sheds light on these mechanisms. In insects, static allometry can be divided into at least two processes: (1) the autonomous specification of organ identity, perhaps including the approximate size of the organ, and (2) the determination of the final size of organs based on total body size. We present three models to explain the second process: (1) all organs autonomously absorb nutrients and grow at organ-specific rates, (2) a centralized system measures a close correlate of total body size and distributes this information to all organs, and (3) autonomous organ growth is combined with feedback between growing organs to modulate final sizes. We provide evidence supporting models 2 and 3 and also suggest that hormones are the messengers of size information. Advances in our understanding of the mechanisms of allometry will come through the integrated study of whole tissues using techniques from development, genetics, endocrinology and population biology.  (+info)

Lung weight parallels disease severity in experimental coccidioidomycosis. (4/12866)

Evidence provided by histopathological study of lesions is a valuable adjunct for evaluating chemotherapeutic efficacy in experimental animal models, In addition, this should be correlated with a measure of disease severity in the same animal. The latter could be obtained by homogenization of infected organs and quantitative enumeration of viable cells of the etiological agent, but this would preclude histopathological studies in the same animal. Progression of disease in pulmonary infection is associated with replacement of air space by fluid, cells, and cellular debris. Therefore, an increase in lung weight should reflect severity of disease. Results with the murine model of coccidioidomycosis demonstrate that increasing lung weight parallels the increasing census of fungus cells in the lungs of both treated and nontreated infected mice. This was supported with evidence obtained from microscopic studies of lesions indicating that specific chemotherapy limited spread of the infection and inhibited multiplication of the fungus in the lung. Therefore, lung weight can be used as a measure of disease severity in the murine model of coccidioidomycosis.  (+info)

Cardiomegaly in the juvenile visceral steatosis (JVS) mouse is reduced with acute elevation of heart short-chain acyl-carnitine level after L-carnitine injection. (5/12866)

The long-term administration of L-carnitine was very effective in preventing cardiomegaly in juvenile visceral steatosis (JVS) mice, which was confirmed by heart weight as well as the lipid contents in heart tissue. After i.p. injection of L-carnitine, the concentration of free carnitine in heart remained constant, although serum free carnitine level increased up to 80-fold. On the other hand, a significant increase in short-chain acyl-carnitine level in heart was observed. These results suggest that increased levels of short-chain acyl-carnitine, not free carnitine, might be a key compound in the protective effect of L-carnitine administration in JVS mice.  (+info)

Obesity induces expression of uncoupling protein-2 in hepatocytes and promotes liver ATP depletion. (6/12866)

Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) uncouples respiration from oxidative phosphorylation and may contribute to obesity through effects on energy metabolism. Because basal metabolic rate is decreased in obesity, UCP2 expression is predicted to be reduced. Paradoxically, hepatic expression of UCP2 mRNA is increased in genetically obese (ob/ob) mice. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis of ob/ob livers demonstrate that UCP2 mRNA and protein expression are increased in hepatocytes, which do not express UCP2 in lean mice. Mitochondria isolated from ob/ob livers exhibit an increased rate of H+ leak which partially dissipates the mitochondrial membrane potential when the rate of electron transport is suppressed. In addition, hepatic ATP stores are reduced and these livers are more vulnerable to necrosis after transient hepatic ischemia. Hence, hepatocytes adapt to obesity by up-regulating UCP2. However, because this decreases the efficiency of energy trapping, the cells become vulnerable to ATP depletion when energy needs increase acutely.  (+info)

Modulation of oestrogenic effects by progesterone antagonists in the rat uterus. (7/12866)

Antiprogestins can modulate oestrogenic effects in various oestrogen-dependent tissues, dependent on species, tissue, dose and duration of treatment. Enhanced oestrogenic responses to mifepristone and onapristone occur in vitro and in vivo. However, the antiprogestins mifepristone, onapristone, and ZK 137 316 can block the ability of oestradiol to increase endometrial growth in non-human primates. Our purposes were firstly, to decide whether mifepristone and onapristone had direct oestrogenic activity in vitro and in the uterus of spayed and immature rats, and secondly, to discover whether antiprogestins exhibit inhibitory effects on oestrogen action in the uterus in spayed, oestrogen-substituted rats. In transactivation assays, mifepristone induced oestrogenic response, whereas onapristone had only marginal effects on reporter gene transcription. In immature rats, onapristone and mifepristone markedly increased uterine weights, and onapristone, but not mifepristone significantly enhanced endometrial luminal epithelial height, a sensitive oestrogen parameter. Conversely, in spayed and adrenalectomized rats, neither onapristone nor mifepristone changed uterine weights or endometrial morphology, indicating that their effects in immature rats were indirect. In spayed, oestrogen-substituted rats, antiprogestins did not block oestradiol-stimulated endometrial growth and luminal and glandular epithelium were stimulated more after antiprogestin plus oestrogen, than after oestradiol alone. All compounds induced compaction of the uterine stroma. In spayed rats, onapristone and some other 13alpha-configured (type 1) antagonists (ZK 135 569, ZK 131 535) reduced oestradiol-stimulated myometrial proliferation and induced an overall uterine weight reduction in animals treated with oestrogen and antiprogestins, in comparison with oestradiol-treated controls. 13beta- configured (type II) antagonists, including mifepristone, lilopristone and ZK 112 993, were not effective. In the uteri of spayed rats, onapristone was also found to enhance the oestradiol-stimulatory effect on expression of the oestrogen-dependent proto-oncogene, c-fos. In conclusion, antiprogestins do not inhibit, but rather enhance, oestrogen-induced uterine glandular and luminal epithelium in spayed rats, contrary to their effects in primates. The rat model is unsuitable to study endometrial antiproliferative effects of antiprogestins in primate uteri.  (+info)

Investigation of distal aortic compliance and vasodilator responsiveness in heart failure due to proximal aortic stenosis in the guinea pig. (8/12866)

Hypotension and syncope are recognized features of chronic aortic stenosis. This study examined vasomotor responses and dynamic compliance in isolated abdominal aortae after chronic constriction of the ascending aorta. Guinea pigs underwent constriction of the ascending aorta or sham operation. Sections of descending aorta were removed for studies of contractile performance and compliance. Dynamic compliance was measured using a feedback-controlled pulsatile pressure system at frequencies of 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 Hz and mean pressures from 40 to 100 mmHg. Chronic (149+/-6 days) aortic constriction resulted in significant increases in organ weight/body weight ratios for left ventricle (58%), right ventricle (100%) and lung (61%). The presence of heart failure was indicated by increased lung weights, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and systemic vascular resistance, reduced cardiac output and increased levels of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (166%), adrenaline (x20), noradrenaline (106%) and dopamine (x3). Aortic rings showed similar constrictor responses to phenylephrine and angiotensin II, but maximal vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and isoprenaline were significantly increased (144% and 48% respectively). Dilator responses to sodium nitroprusside, forskolin and cromokalim were unchanged. Compliance of all vessels decreased with increasing pulsatile frequency and to a lesser extent with increased mean pressure, but were similar in aortic-constricted and control groups. Chronic constriction of the ascending aorta resulted in heart failure and increased vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and isoprenaline in the distal aorta while dynamic compliance was unchanged. We hypothesize that increased endothelium-mediated vasodilatation may contribute to hypotension and syncope in patients with left ventricular outflow obstruction.  (+info)

Data from a toxicity trial with male Wistar rats: Relative liver weights in a negative control group and in 4 dose groups with an increasing dose of an active treatment. After treatment the relative liver weights of the rats were computed.
Rat study Developmental or Reproductive Toxicity/ Female CD (SD) female rats were dosed once daily from GD6-GD15 with 87.4, 393 or 568 mg/kg diethylhydroxylamine by gavage (Stump, 1997a). Animals were sacrificed on GD20. During gestation days 6 -9, a reduced mean body weight gain occurred in the 393 mg/kg/day group and a mean body weight loss occurred in the 568 mg/kg/day group; the differences from the control group were statistically significant. Food consumption, evaluated as g/animal/day and g/kg/day, was reduced in the 393 and 568 mg/kg/day groups throughout the entire treatment period (gestation days 6-9, 9-12 and 12-16); the differences from the control group were statistically significant. All maternal animals survived to the scheduled necropsy on gestation day 20. Intrauterine growth and survival were unaffected by test article administration at any dose level. Parameters evaluated included postimplantation loss, live litter size, mean fetal body weights, fetal sex ratios and the mean ...
A simple analysis of differences in brain weight among numerous strains of mice has been carried out in part as a prelude to this program project. For the great majority of animals, we now have information on sex, body weight, age, and type and quality of fixation. Both sexes and a wide range of ages have been studied and incorporated into the MBL. Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of the data is that they reveal large differences in brain weight between several substrains of mice that carry only modest genetic differences. For instance, brain weights of BALB/cByJ and BALB/cJ mice differ by 76 mg. C57L/J and C57BL/6J differ by 88 mg. C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeSnJ also differ by 88 mg. The closely matched differences in these three pairs are tantalizing. Presumably, the differences are generated by a very small number of polymorphic genesprobably one or two genes. Since some of the parental strains were already fully inbred prior to being split into substrains, it is unlikely that the variation is due ...
Which is part of the problem is being able to try on different packs. The shop I went to measured me, and put some weight in the pack (maybe 20-25lbs), but to me it felt like the pack was rocking on my hips some. I may go look at it again and see if I can fine tune it some more to get a good fit out of it ...
This project is aimed at understanding the genetic pathways that tissue growth and organ size in vivo. Previous studies in our laboratory have utilized a screen...
For men who have tried almost every product medical science has thrown their way to enlarge their Male organ, but still havent been able to see any positive
The dossier contains a subacute repeated oral dose toxicity study in rats performed according to OECD TG 407 with AAS doses of up to and including the limit dose of 1000 mg/kg bw and day. No effects on the reproductive organs or tissues were observed at any dose. The NOAEL for adverse effects on reproductive organs or tissues can therefore be determined with 1000 mg/kg bw. Although studies on fertility, respectively multigeneration studies are not available for AAS further testing is considered to be of low priority. In accordance to REACH Annex XI, section 1.2. there is sufficient weight of evidence to conclude that AAS is not a reproductive toxicant and therefore further testing on vertebrate animals for that property shall be omitted (for details see waiver for fertility/multigeneration study). In line with REACH Annex XI, section 1.1.2 the available information on the reproductive toxicity potential of AAS is adequate for the purpose of classification and labeling and/or risk assessment. ...
By the way, the heaviest pack I carried was about 100 pounds for 8 miles - carrying out elk meat. I weigh 115 pounds. In the 1970s on NOLS 2-wk winter courses all our packs started at about 70 pounds. Our summer packs, as instructors, with 15 days rations, were always about 60 pounds. We all survived, but did not travel very fast. Our gear was bombproof but heavy. The lightest I have gone lately is 26 pounds for 8 days (had to take an ice axe). My 10-day trip packs (Sierra high country) usually start at 35 (summer) - 40 (shoulder season) pounds. Also, as a rule of thumb, if your food is over 2 pounds per day, you are probably taking too much or the wrong kind ...
hen kidney diminishes in size, it will become less unable to perform their functions. When kidney size decreases to 6.7 cm, can it be reversed?
Ladies arent the main individuals with self-perception concerns. Among the top on mens rundown is frequently male organ measure. Misguided judgments about what their size ought to be, to a great extent in light of porno stars male organs and conceivably the lies of more than a couple of companions, can prompt critical certainty issues that meddle with a mans mental and erotic prosperity. Since successive utilization of the masculinity is an imperative piece of male organ mind, his part wellbeing might be influenced also. Its an ideal opportunity to get the realities straight on male organ size, and men can do as such with the assistance of science. ...
Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes that are genetically controlled. In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is thought to be an effective mechanism for measuring primordium size, yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CY …
It has been proposed - but remains controversial - that estrogens effects on various tissues may be mediated by different cell signaling pathways. Researchers have identified a synthetic ligand that activates only a subset of these pathways, suggesting that bypass of the traditional estrogen pathway can prevent bone loss without associated side effects on reproductive organs.. ...
In the M83-taken care of animals FAP activity for every tissue weight was about decreased when when compared with values from tumors in untreated anim
Absolute weight is not the only important criterion by which to evaluate the horse. Appearance and condition have always been used as indicators of fitness and health. This condition score system was developed in an attempt to standardize these descriptions and to allow for easier comparison and communication: 1. POOR Animal is extremely emaciated; spinal column…
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Pterygoids> TMJ and sinus ache. These muscles are The trick of achievement in alligator wrestling. These jaw-opening muscles are extremely weak compared to the effective jaw-closing masseter and temporalis. They may be strained by this sort of basic points as taking in sticky, chewy foods. The lateral pterygoids (at proper) aid to open up the jaw and force it forward. They generally develop result in points that induce laterial deviation on opening the jaw, subsequently leading to pain and/or clicking from the TMJ joint. They will block drainage from your maxillary sinus triggering continue to more agony. They are also connected to tinnitis and can entrap the buccal nerve (a branch in the trigeminal nerve) causing numbness / tingling in the cheek (see buccinator, below ...
The kidney mass is significantly increased in hypertensive ISIAH rats with Inherited Stress Induced Arterial Hypertension as compared with normotensive WAG rats. The QTL/microarray approach was carried out to determine the positional candidate genes in the QTL for absolute and relative kidney weight. Several known and predicted genes differentially expressed in ISIAH and WAG kidney were mapped to genetic loci associated with the absolute and relative kidney weight in 6-month old F2 hybrid (ISIAHxWAG) males. The knowledge-driven filtering of the list of candidates helped to suggest several positional candidate genes, which may be related to the structural and mass changes in hypertensive ISIAH kidney. In the current study, we showed that all loci found for absolute and relative kidney weight didnt overlap with significant or suggestive loci for arterial blood pressure level. So, the genes differentially expressed in ISIAH and WAG kidneys and located in these QTL regions associated with absolute and
Comparative studies of the relative testes size in animals show that promiscuous species have relatively larger testes than monogamous species. Sperm competition favours the evolution of larger ejaculates in many animals - they give bigger testes. In the view, we presented data on relative testis mass for 17 Chinese species including 3 polyandrous species. We analyzed relative testis mass within the Chinese data set and combining those data with published data sets on Japanese and African frogs. We found that polyandrous foam nesting species have relatively large testes, suggesting that sperm competition was an important factor affecting the evolution of relative testes size. For 4 polyandrous species testes mass is positively correlated with intensity (males/mating) but not with risk (frequency of polyandrous matings) of sperm competition.
Webb and Hansen (1963) administered methyl salicylate in the diet to groups of 24-25 male and 25-26 female Osborne-Mendel rats at dietary concentrations of 0, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0% or 2.0%, providing doses of approximately 0, 50, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg body weight/day for two years. All rats in the 1000 mg/kg group died by the 49th week. Body weight of both sexes were significantly decreased in both the 500 and 1000 mg/kg group body weight/day groups. Gross pituitary gland lesions were found in 10 rats at 250 mg/kg bw/day compared to 4 rats in the control groups. Incidence in the 500 mg/kg/day group was similar to controls, while all animals of the 1000 mg/kg/day group died before the usual age at which many spontaneous lesions develop. Similar kinds and numbers of tumors occurred in rats of all diets except the 1000 mg/kg/day group (premature decedents), with mammary tumors of the females being the most common. Benign pituitary tumors occurred in similar numbers of surviving rats on all diets, ...
The mechanisms controlling mammalian organ size have long been a source of fascination for biologists. These controls are needed to both ensure the integrity of the body plan and to restrict inappropriate proliferation that could lead to cancer. Regulation of liver size is of particular interest inasmuch as this organ maintains the capacity for regeneration throughout life, and is able to regain precisely its original mass after partial surgical resection. Recent studies using genetically engineered mouse strains have shed new light on this problem; the Hippo signalling pathway, first elucidated as a regulator of organ size in \(Drosophila\), has been identified as dominant determinant of liver growth. Defects in this pathway in mouse liver lead to sustained liver overgrowth and the eventual development of both major types of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. In this review, we discuss the role of Hippo signalling in liver biology and the contribution of this pathway ...
Brain size relative to body size has been used by generations of scientists to predict an animals intelligence. For example, although the human brain is not the largest in the animal kingdom in terms of volume or mass, it is exceptionally large considering our moderate body mass.. Now, a study by a team of scientists at UCL, the University of Konstanz, and the Max Planck Institute of Ornithology has found that the relationship between the two traits is driven by different evolutionary mechanisms in different animals.. Crucially, researchers have found that the most significant factor in determining relative brain size is often evolutionary pressure on body size, and not brain size. For example, the evolutionary history of bats reveals they decreased body size much faster than brain size, leading to an increase in relative brain size. As a result, small bats were able to evolve improved flying manoeuvrability while maintaining the brainpower to handle foraging in cluttered environments.. This ...
Brain weight is often said to be decreased in schizophrenia, but a reduction has only been found in a minority of studies. We have therefore carried out a meta-analysis to answer this basic neuropathological question. Data were identified from literature searches and from contacting researchers in the field who were invited to submit unpublished data. Inclusion criteria were: an operational diagnosis of schizophrenia, or comparison subjects with no neurological or psychiatric history, aged 18 or over, for whom brain weight, age and sex were known. Exclusion criteria were: a history of head injury, epilepsy, substance dependence or leucotomy; neuropathological evidence of neurodegenerative disorder or focal brain lesion. Results were analysed by multilevel modelling. Brain weight was, as expected, related to age and sex (both p|0.0001). After control for these factors, there was an effect of diagnosis, with brains from the 540 schizophrenia subjects being 2% lighter than from the 794 controls (weighted
Introduction: Dysregulated expression of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor type II (BMPR2) is a pathogenetic hallmark in the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We recently demonstrated that microRNA 20a (miR-20a) represses the expression of BMPR2. Here we investigated the therapeutic potential of antagonizing miR-20a in an in vivo model of PH.. Methods: For in vivo inhibition of miR-20a, antagomiR-20a (A-20a) was injected intraperitoneally into mice with hypoxia-induced PH. After three weeks of hypoxia, morphometry and blood gas analysis were performed. RNA levels of miR-20a, BMPR2, Smad5, and Id2 were assessed by real-time PCR in hearts and lungs.. Results: Intraperitoneal injection of A-20a resulted in significant down regulation of miR-20a in lungs. When exposed to hypoxia, animals treated with A-20a developed less right ventricular hypertrophy as evidenced by relative heart weight. Treatment with A-20a reduced the hemoglobin levels and, moreover, the acid-base status ...
Loss in placentome number paralleled the observed drop in fetal and organ weights. The study found increased placentomal weight representing better placental efficiency, but similar to what we found in more extreme space restriction (Meyer et al. 2010; Meyer‐Gesch et al. 2013), after GD120, the ability to compensate in higher‐order multifetal gestation was limited. Thus, in this situation, placental efficiency does not accurately reflect functional indices including placental clearance or delivery of nutrients and metabolites. As anticipated, brain weights (g) did not fall, but rose when expressed as ratio of brain weight (g) per body weight, (kg) as fetal number per ewe rose, defining head‐sparing asymmetric growth restriction, with other organ weights proportionate to body weight. As anticipated, males weighed more than females. Brain weight fell slightly (86% of singletons) when fetal number reached four. Many of the fetal body weights fell below our flocks 10th percentile for ...
Our results demonstrate that it is feasible to accurately model the evolution of normal pediatric regional relative brain metabolism as a function of age and sex. Our models showed excellent agreement with our validation data. We have shown that, when normalized either to whole-brain activity or to a specific region (i.e., pons), regional relative brain metabolism in all cortical and subcortical regions evolves with age. Furthermore, we have shown that sex differences, although present, have a very limited effect on the evolution of regional relative brain metabolism. Qualitatively, our results were comparable to those seen in other studies, showing a posterior-to-anterior shift in regional relative brain metabolism with age, with the degree of activity in the frontal lobes being relatively attenuated during the initial years of life, gradually increasing, and peaking in late prepubescence (4,9,10).. A few studies have examined the evolution of regional relative brain metabolism in childhood. ...
Abstract: An Assessment of Serum Metabolites, Liver Enzymes Activities and Relative Organ Characteristics in Rabbits Fed Varying Levels of Chromolaena Odorata
For some time there have been suspicions that brain weight is reduced consistent with the structural change suggested by the ventricular enlargement documented in radiological studies, but the findings have been variable between postmortem samples. Harrison et al have now clearly established that the effect is real (2% of brain weight, p = 0.04) and that it applies approximately equally to males and females.. What is the meaning of the finding? As Harrison et al argue the result encourages a continuing search for the histological and molecular correlates of schizophrenia, but it also sets limits on what can be expected from such a search. There has been recent interest in the question of what component of the disease deteriorates. Some patients get worse with time and some of these never experience a restitutio ad integrum (complete recovery). If a structural correlate were identified this finding would have clinical and potential therapeutic significance. But if the implication is that ...
No adverse effects on reproductive organs were identified in the 90 day study in rats on C12-14-diamine. This study was performed according to OECD 408 and does not include detailed reproductive parameters as indicated in OECD 416. Nevertheless, the 90 day study did not indicate any effects on weight of testes, prostate, seminal vesicles, ovaries, and uterus. Histological examination of these tissues also confirmed no treatment-related effects. There was a very slight increase in relative weight of the epididymis in the high dose animals but there were no corresponding histological changes. There was also no indication of a dose-response relationship. Accordingly, the effect on epididymis is not believed to be treatment related ...
While we did not detect any regions of larger GM volume in men than in women, there were a number of regions indicating larger GM volumes in women than in men. We will comment on significance clusters detected when comparing matched women and matched men in particular. This constitutes the special case of this study, where possible effects of brain size can be excluded with certainty. As detailed below, there is a strong resemblance between current findings and outcomes from previous studies (i.e., where men always exhibited larger brains than women). Of note, brain size matching is not proposed to substitute traditional analyses that include men and women with different brain sizes. Such analyses will continue to provide important clues about differences between male and female brains, especially if appropriate strategies are used to account for individual differences in brain size. However, brain size matching, as applied in the present study, clarifies whether observed sex differences are ...
Naphthalene ingestion can cause severe toxicity in humans, especially in infants and individuals with a deficiency in the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Since NAP readily crosses the placenta, it has the potential to be developmentally toxic. Accordingly, NAP (0, 50, 150, or 450 mg/kg/day) was administered by gavage to pregnant rats during the major period of organogenesis (gd 6-15). Dams and fetuses were examined for signs of toxicity and teratogenicity. Each group contained 25 to 26 pregnant dams.. NAP administration produced clinical signs of toxicity. All doses of NAP caused lethargy, slow breathing, prone body posture, and rooting, but the effects subsided in the 50 and 150 mg/kg/day groups before the end of the treatment period. Clinical toxicity persisted throughout dosing in rats treated with 450 mg/kg/day NAP.. Maternal mortality was low and limited to two animals in the 50 mg/kg/day group. Based upon the absence of maternal deaths at the higher doses, the association between ...
I have a kidney mass and three kidney cysts. The cysts are not a concern to the urologist. The liver lesions are a concern. There are two of them. I have micro-blood in the urine for 3 months, pain...
Keywords: Yap, zoom lens, organogenesis, body organ size control, polarity Launch One of the interesting queries in organogenesis is normally how cells constituting an body organ understand when to either separate or end proliferating in purchase for them to attain a particular body organ size and maintain a steady-state quantity of cells within the cell human population. The Hippo-Yap (Yes-associated proteins) signaling path offers been demonstrated to regulate cell expansion and apoptosis during advancement (Edgar, 2006; Tapon and Harvey, 2007). Primary parts of the signaling path composed of two serine/threonine kinases, Mst1/2 (Hippo) and Lats1/2 (Warts), adversely regulate transcriptional cofactor Yap (Yorkie) by phosphorylating and sequestering it in the cytoplasm (Zhao et al., 2007). In the lack of Hippo upstream signaling, hypophosphorylated Yap translocates to the nucleus where it binds to DNA with sequence-specific transcription element TEAD (Scalloped) and activates the transcription ...
Two groups of 6 rats each received subcutaneous injections of 2.3 mg/kg or 5.0 mg/kg of quinuronium, respectively, on two consecutive days, while 5 rats injected with physiological saline served as controls. Clinical signs of muscular tremors, jumps, enlarged and hyperemic eyeballs, lacrimation, depression and anorexia were observed following administration of quinuronium. One rat receiving 5 mg/kg died before termination of the study. When killed 48 h after the first injection, the quinuronium-treated rats had a higher liver weight/body weight ratio compared to the controls. Quinuronium resulted in hepatic centrilobular fatty degeneration, but no depletion of hepatic glutathione (GSH). The present findings suggest that glutathione depletion does not seem to be involved in quinuronium hepatotoxicity ...
Upon gross examination, we observed significant enlargement and darkening of the liver after 150 days of DDC feeding in both KO check details and WT livers (Fig. 2A). However, we noted the formation of hepatic nodules in 7 out of 7 KOs after 150 days of DDC diet feeding; however, no nodules were observed in the WT (Fig. 2A). We previously reported that our β-catenin KO mice have smaller livers than WT.9 However, after 80 days of DDC feeding the liver weight / body weight ratio equalized, with. a modest increase in the KO liver at 150 days of DDC feeding (Fig. 2B). It has been previously reported that DDC feeding induces activation of stellate cells, which results in fibrosis in the mouse liver as a function of atypical ductular proliferation.2 We performed trichrome staining to analyze the amount of fibrosis in our study. KO livers showed greater fibrosis after 80 and 150 days of DDC feeding than the WT controls at the same stages of DDC exposure. (Fig. 2C). Overall, the percentage of area of ...
The Hippo signaling pathway has emerged as a critical regulator for organ size control. The serine/threonine protein kinases Mst1 and Mst2, mammalian homologs of the Hippo kinase from Drosophila, play the cent... Authors: Funiu Qin, Jing Tian, Dawang Zhou and Lanfen Chen. ...
Here the article can help you learn more about Lupus Nephritis and some feasible treatments to delay the progression of renal lesions, hoping this can help you take better care of yourself and choose a more suitable therapy.
Brain mass lesions are a broad collection of pathological processes that result in changes on brain imaging (usually CT or MRI). They are a very disparate group of conditions ranging from infection (abscess) to brain tumours (benign and slow-grow...
TEA domain (TEAD) transcription factors bind to the co-activator YAP/TAZ, and regulate the transcriptional output of Hippo pathway, playing critical roles in organ size control and tumorigenesis. Protein S-palmitoylation ...
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A 52-year-old man presents with symptoms of hematuria. A mass in the right kidney is found on imaging studies. What is your diagnosis?
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Biochemistry, Metabolism:, Growth:, Hereditary Factors:, Life-History Effects:, Organs:, Strains: A(CAL-A) (A/J), AKR, BALB/C, BDP, CBA, C3HEB, C57BL/6, C57BR/CD, DBA/1 (12), DBA/2 (212), MA (MARSH), P, SIMPSON, RF (W), SJL, SM, ST/B (STB), SWR, 129. ...
join our community. We offer 220 products in our store. Our store specialize in supplying special featured herbal medecines, developed to improve your life and makes better your health. Breast size is an indicator of successful breastfeedingbreastfeeding | Breastfeeding | Infants.
A simple, straight- forward measurement could be better at determining the body mass index. The BMI measures weight relative to height. But it doesnt accurately calculate body fat. Doctors say it often deems athletes or muscular people to be obese, and underestimates body fat in older people. A study in the journal pediatrics suggests neck […]. ...
Your woman shack up with your mate that is why youre alone. Along of of his male organ size. Wives love enormous jang. Dont worry man. Today you h...
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Early lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration causes transient body and brain weight loss and decreases the cerebellar area. (A) Body and brain of CD1 wild-type
Is athleticism linked to brain size? exercise-loving mice have larger midbrains. Is athleticism linked to brain size? To find out, researchers at the University ...
The effect of doses of estradiol ranging from 0-0125 to 1-6 mug on the uterine weight of the spayed rat was studied 24 h after a… Expand ...
Laurin, M.; Canoville, A.; Struble, M.; Organ, C.; de Buffrénil, V. (2015). "Early genome size increase in urodeles". Comptes ... The size of its osteocytic lacunae suggests that it had a fairly large genome (C-value of about 36.7 pg, with a 95% confidence ...
Organ, C. L.; Shedlock, A. M.; Meade, A.; Pagel, M.; Edwards, S. V. (2007). "Origin of avian genome size and structure in ... Osteocyte size has been shown to covary with genome size; and this relationship has been used in paleogenomic research. During ... The cell body varies in size from 5-20 micrometers in diameter and contain 40-60 cell processes per cell, with a cell to cell ... The cell also exhibits a reduced size endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, and cell processes that radiate ...
Organ, C. L.; Shedlock, A. M.; Meade, A.; Pagel, M.; Edwards, S. V. (2007). "Origin of avian genome size and structure in non- ... Smith, R. J.; Cheverud, J. M. (2002). "Scaling of sexual size dimorphism in body mass: a phylogenetic analysis of Rensch's rule ... "The relationship between sexual size dimorphism and habitat use in Greater Antillean lizards". Evolution. 54 (1): 259-272. doi: ...
Neutral explanations for genome size suggest that when population sizes are small, many mutations become nearly neutral. Hence ... ISBN 978-0-87893-484-3. Organ, C. L.; Shedlock, A. M.; Meade, A.; Pagel, M.; Edwards, S. V. (2007). "Origin of avian genome ... Genome size is influenced by the amount of repetitive DNA as well as number of genes in an organism. The C-value paradox refers ... With a smaller effective population size, a larger variety of mutations will behave as if they are neutral due to inefficiency ...
ISBN 978-84-695-8567-2. Organ, C.L.; Brusatte, S.L.; Stein, K. (2009). "Sauropod dinosaurs evolved moderately sized genomes ... such as size. It has been suggested that an ancestor of Europasaurus would have quickly decreased in body size after emigrating ... Three cervicals of the diplodocid are preserved, and from their size it is possible that the taxon was also a dwarf. The ... Younger individuals are known, from sizes of 3.7 m (12 ft) to the youngest juvenile at 1.75 m (5.7 ft). The titanosaur ...
The desired sample size (n) is n = ( t d p ) 2 p − 1 q {\displaystyle n=\left(td_{p}\right)^{2}p^{-1}q} where the dp is ratio ... Kendal, WS (2001). "A stochastic model for the self-similar heterogeneity of regional organ blood flow". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S ... The required sample size is n = t , m − T , − 2 a m b {\displaystyle n=t,m-T,^{-2}am^{b}} where a and b are the Taylor ... The sample size (n) for a given degree of precision (D) for this regression is given by n = ( t D ) 2 ( a + 1 m + b − 1 ) {\ ...
Specialised organs and behaviours. To aid in the digestion of their food animals evolved organs such as beaks, tongues, teeth, ... The shapes, sizes and numbers of types of animals' teeth are related to their diets. For example, herbivores have a number of ... Food digestion physiology varies between individuals and upon other factors such as the characteristics of the food and size of ... This secretion system transports various molecules, from ions, drugs, to proteins of various sizes (20 - 900 kDa). The ...
Gene expression differs by plant organ. The gene may have a dual role in roots by either promoting or inhibiting the ... Transgenics containing AtNCED3 had greater root biomass, bigger pith size and higher level of photosynthesis. It has been ...
An organ was installed in 1738. Facing a rapidly growing population, the church was expanded to its present size, from 1769 to ...
However, because spleen size varies greatly, ultrasonography is not a valid technique for assessing spleen enlargement and ... Molina, D. Kimberley; DiMaio, Vincent J.M. (2012). "Normal Organ Weights in Men". The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and ... Rosenberg, H K; Markowitz, R I; Kolberg, H; Park, C; Hubbard, A; Bellah, R D (1991). "Normal splenic size in infants and ... Molina, D. Kimberley; DiMaio, Vincent J. M. (2015). "Normal Organ Weights in Women". The American Journal of Forensic Medicine ...
The NHL-sized ice surface has double-sided permanent seating for 1000 spectators. Queens Place was built along with a large ... McBain, Kevin (29 September 2020). "Organ virtuoso purchases Brooklyn church". Toronto Star. Retrieved 31 January 2021. ... installed a Casavant Frères concert organ, and re-opened it as his private concert hall. The Brooklyn Marina is a recreational ...
Porches and the organ chamber were added in 1872. In the 1870s it was extended by 5.2 metres (17 ft) to its present size. The ... Mary's Anglican Church and Pipe Organ and Gern Pipe Organ. The property is owned by Waverley Anglican Parish; part of the ... The building is also notable due its pipe organ, designed and built by August Gern. The church complex is also known as St. ... In 1993 a gallery was added and the organ relocated. Sited on the highest point in Waverley, the group is a visually prominent ...
The highest organ of UEA, the Komitato, has members (komitatanoj) elected in three different ways: An organization sends at ... It gathered representatives from the national organizations, the numbers depended on the size of the national organization. ... The magazine Esperanto is the main organ used by UEA to inform its members about everything happening in the Esperanto ... The heads of the movement saw that on the world congresses three organs gathered discussing essentially the same subjects: the ...
The musicians were replaced in 1843 by an organ. The present organ was installed in 1973. It was built by Laycock and Bannister ... The interior contains 17 stained glass windows of varying sizes. Much of the glass is from the late 19th century although the ...
Organs are modern electric. There is always a lightning conductor. There is usually an altar table on a raised Dais, a pulpit, ... Styles and sizes vary. Construction is usually breeze block, plastered and painted white both internally and externally. Roofs ... The balcony is usually the home of a large, 18th century European built pipe organ - originally hand pumped, later converted to ... Musical accompaniment was traditionally piano, now often augmented by a modern electric organ. There is usually an altar table ...
In September 2016, the world's first electric-powered full-size helicopter took flight at Los Alamitos Army Airfield. This ... Calderwood, Dave (October 3, 2016). "Electric R44 helicopter paves way for organ delivery". Flyer. Retrieved December 12, 2016 ... Hanley, Steve (November 1, 2016). "Martine Rothblatt Creates First Full Size Electric Helicopter". Gas2. Retrieved December 12 ... and organ transplantation as well as In Silico molecular biology - a virtual drug development lab. Led by chairman and CEO Dr. ...
... the organ was renovated by Hale and company, of Plymouth. In 1926 it was overhauled and reduced in size. Christianity portal " ... The organ was rededicated on 20 June 1867. On 27 June 1867 the organ was opened by Mr W B Gilbert of London whom the Western ... The chancel is divided from the organ chamber by a pointed arch on carved stone corbels. A similar arch divides the organ ... The organ is said to be by Renatus Harris and to have come from Chelsea Old Church (also known as All Saints). It was removed ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Organ, Chris L.; Shedlock, Andrew M.; Meade, Andrew; Pagel, Mark; Edwards, Scott V. ( ... March 8, 2007). "Origin of avian genome size and structure in non-avian dinosaurs". Nature. 446 (7132): 180-184. Bibcode: ...
Johnson later installed a full-size organ there. In 1932, after falling on hard times Johnson sold Marshcourt for £60,000, ...
The Mercure de France for March wrote "This new débutant is an agreeable figure, and of an advantageous size. The organ of his ...
Zhao B, Li L, Lei Q, Guan KL (May 2010). "The Hippo-YAP pathway in organ size control and tumorigenesis: an updated version". ... Yu FX, Zhao B, Guan KL (November 2015). "Hippo Pathway in Organ Size Control, Tissue Homeostasis, and Cancer". Cell. 163 (4): ... YAP/TAZ are effectors of the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway that restricts organ growth by keeping in check cell proliferation ...
Organ[edit]. Main article: Winchester Cathedral Choir. See also: List of organists, assistant organists and organ scholars at ... it was reduced in size and installed in 1854. It was modified in 1897 and 1905, and completely rebuilt by Harrison & Harrison ... The current organ, the work of master organ builder Henry Willis, was first displayed in the Great Exhibition of 1851, where it ... The cathedral organ; Winchester Cathedral; accessed 2012-04-07 *^ Scholes, Percy (1970) The Oxford Companion to Music; 10th ...
Lamberti Church has two organs: the large main organ in the west and a small mobile choir organ. The earliest instrument can be ... "Why 3 Man-Sized Cages Hang From a Medieval German Church Steeple". Retrieved 16 June 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ( ... The highest cage came crashing to the ground whilst another fell into the organ loft. The third cage was left cautiously ... Lamberti (main organ)". Retrieved 16 June 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ...
The organ pipe cactus is usually pollinated by bats. The plant also produces fruit about the size of a tennis ball. Beneath the ... Organ pipe cactus stem Organ pipe cactus flower This species is found mostly in Mexico, mainly in Sonora and southern Baja ... The Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is named for the species. Its English common name is derived from its resemblance to a ... Stenocereus thurberi, the organ pipe cactus, is a species of cactus native to Mexico and the United States. The species is ...
The Olde English Festival began in 1978, in an effort to raise funds for a new organ. The fun and profits of the Festival led ... During these years, the music program grew in strength, size, and quality with directors Randolph James and Brad Hughley. Stacy ... He has presided over the completion of the Rosales organ and a full renovation of the Amerson House (former rectory). He has ... Sauls also supervised the purchase of a new organ. The Toco Hill Community Ministry was formed to provide financial help for ...
A Pratt-Read keyboard assembly removed from an organ. A Pratt-Read LBE-1 "Glomb" (Glider-Bomb) prototype. A Pratt-Read LNE-1 ... These have shortened blades but regular-sized handles. Two Pratt-Read cushion grip screwdrivers, manufactured for the Craftsman ...
de la Cova C, Abril M, Bellosta P, Gallant P, Johnston LA (April 2004). "Drosophila myc regulates organ size by inducing cell ... Classical diminutive alleles resulted in a viable animal with small body size. Drosophila has subsequently been used to ...
The organs was rebuilt in 1948. The baptism pool in the chancel, oak font, communion table and lectern was added in the ... However, between 1879 and 1883 aisles and vestries were adding, doubling the size of the church. It was in 1884 that the church ... Furthermore, the original organ was built by Henry Bryceson. Moreover, the reredos, Holy Table and oak panelling were made in ...
The stomach does vary in size but its J shape is constant.[citation needed] The stomach lies in the upper part of the abdomen ... The stomach is an important organ in the body. It plays a vital role in digestion of foods, releases various enzymes and also ... However, since the symptoms are localized to this organ, the typical symptoms of stomach problems include nausea, vomiting, ...
Super squid sex organ discovered. BBC Earth News, July 7, 2010. Phillips, K., P. Nichols & G. Jackson 2003. Size-related ... The size of a fully grown O. ingens, inclusive of tentacles, is currently unknown. Many estimates, however, predict that the ... As such, deep water squid like M. ingens have the greatest known penis length relative to body size of all mobile animals, ... O. ingens exhibit sexual dimorphism, with females growing linearly twice as fast as males, and reaching a fully mature size of ...
The Imperial Diet as a legislative organ of the Empire did not exist at that time. The dukes often conducted feuds against each ... They were roughly matched in size by the prince-bishoprics of Salzburg and Münster. The majority of the other German ... had a territory around the same size. These were the largest of the German realms. The Elector of the Palatinate had ... or less permanent envoys there because it was the only place in the Empire where the delegates of all the major and mid-size ...
"Section 30.2Each Organ Has a Unique Metabolic Profile". Biochemistry 5th Edition. W H Freeman. Retrieved 29 April 2012.. ... The size of an animal is also a factor in determining diet type (Allen's rule). Since small mammals have a high ratio of heat- ... Dishware, silverware, drinkware, and cookware come in a wide array of forms and sizes. ... "Energetics and the evolution of body size in small terrestrial mammals" (PDF). Symposia of the Zoological Society of London ...
SizeEdit. Main article: Leaf size. The terms megaphyll, macrophyll, mesophyll, notophyll, microphyll, nanophyll and leptophyll ... The leaf-like organs of Bryophytes (e.g., mosses and liverworts), known as phyllids, differ morphologically from the leaves of ... For the term Mesophyll in the size classification of leaves, see Leaf size. ... A leaf (plural leaves) is a dorsiventrally flattened organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the ...
World Health Organ. 56 (2): 271-93. 1978. PMC 2395567. PMID 307456. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2014. ... about the size of a laptop and solar-powered, allows testing to be done in remote areas.[260] ... Developments in organ-on-a-chip technology have led to a chip-based model for Ebola haemorrhagic syndrome.[262] ... December 1999). "Identification of Ebola virus sequences present as RNA or DNA in organs of terrestrial small mammals of the ...
Eryops, typical of the large-size early amphibians 310-295 million years ago ... unlike the more complex organs found in mammals. Many species, such as the Olm, have both lungs and gills as adults.[12] ...
... plant underground storage organs) may have been eaten in high amounts by pre-agricultural humans.[109][110][111][112] It is ... allowing them to shrink the size of the gastrointestinal tract relative to body mass and to increase the brain mass instead.[ ... habitat to shrink in size, resulting in a drop in population. The small populations were then hunted out by Paleolithic humans. ... Paleolithic humans consumed animal organ meats, including the livers, kidneys, and brains. Upper Paleolithic cultures appear to ...
The excretory organs of barnacles are maxillary glands.[citation needed] The main sense of barnacles appears to be touch, with ... Particularly in the case of ships, they are classified as fouling organisms.[27] The amount and size of barnacles that cover ... Barnacles probably have the largest penis to body size ratio of the animal kingdom.[12] ...
... reproductive organs mature due to the hormonal influence of the optic gland but result in the inactivation of their ... The pupil can be adjusted in size and a retinal pigment screens incident light in bright conditions.[22] ... The ink is thought to reduce the efficiency of olfactory organs, which would aid evasion from predators that employ smell for ... tongue-like organ made of chitin.[25] Food is broken down and is forced into the oesophagus by two lateral extensions of the ...
... with thyroid hormone replacement and aggressive management of individual organ system complications.[10] ... "Levothyroxine treatment reduces thyroid size in children and adolescents with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis". The Journal of ...
The PAX gene family has an important role in the formation of tissues and organs during embryonic development and maintaining ... small in size, present in a solid/nested growth pattern and frequently involve vascular invasion. It has been observed that ...
... disease of a major organ system, mistreatment, treatment with certain drugs, chromosomal deletions. Human growth hormone (HGH) ... Officers were of normal size.[11] See also[edit]. *Dwarfism. *List of shortest people ...
Markov, A. V.; Anisimov, V. A.; Korotayev, A. V. (2010). "Relationship between genome size and organismal complexity in the ... Since the effective population size in eukaryotes (especially multi-cellular organisms) is much smaller than in prokaryotes,[22 ...
Sharpness of a radiographic image is strongly determined by the size of the X-ray source. This is determined by the area of the ... Bone and some organs (such as lungs) especially lend themselves to projection radiography. It is a relatively low-cost ...
List of terms of lung size and activity. *Respiratory system. *Smoking - a specific inhalation route ...
Unit cell ball-and-stick model of lithium nitride.[118] On the basis of size a tetrahedral structure would be expected, but ... organ changes and tissue accumulation". Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 16 (5): 549-567. doi:10.1080/ ... The radius of the H− anion also does not fit the trend of increasing size going down the halogens: indeed, H− is very diffuse ... The high lattice enthalpy of lithium fluoride is due to the small sizes of the Li+ and F− ions, causing the electrostatic ...
In organ transplantion[edit]. A1::DQ2 was at the forefront of histocompatibility science, A1 was the first numerical antigen HL ... the average size is 1 centiMorgan (or 1 cM). The average length of these 'haplotypes' are about 1 million nucleotides. ...
Secondary tumors of the brain are metastatic and have invaded the brain from cancers originating in other organs. This means ... The amount of radiotherapy depends on the size of the area of the brain affected by cancer. Conventional external beam "whole- ... However, they create specific issues that follow closely to the properties of the organ they are in.[26] ... anaplasia: the cells in the neoplasm have an obviously different form (in size and shape). Anaplastic cells display marked ...
The People's War, an organ of the Communist Party of India, published graphic photos of the famine by Sunil Janah. ... the price effect of the loss of Burma rice was vastly disproportionate to the size of the loss.[74] Despite this, Bengal ... The photographs also spurred Amrita Bazar Patrika and the Indian Communist Party's organ, People's War, to publish similar ...
The Russians underestimated the size of the Ottoman army, and were surprised by a large Turkish force which counterattacked. ... by the Russian Provisional Government as the highest organ of civil administrative body in Transcaucasia. The new government ...
... organ),shkatërrimit të indeve]] nga vetë viruset. ,ref name="E112",Eccles p. 112,/ref, Simptomat e [[Gripi,gripit]] janë të ... image_size =. , field = Semundje infektive. , synonym = I ftofti, nazofaringiti akut viral, nazofaringiti, riniti viral, ...
Comparison of a particular animal's brain size with the expected brain size based on such allometric analysis provides an ... Some whales, such as the bowhead whale, possess a vomeronasal organ, which does mean that they can "sniff out" krill.[55] ... Whales range in size from the 2.6 metres (8.5 ft) and 135 kilograms (298 lb) dwarf sperm whale to the 29.9 metres (98 ft) and ... Whales range in size from the 2.6-metre (8.5 ft) and 135-kilogram (298 lb) dwarf sperm whale to the 34-metre (112 ft) and 190- ...
This can reach the size of a peppercorn and is white or cream in color. The main substance is mostly calcium, but it has a ... The tonsils are a set of lymphoid organs facing into the aerodigestive tract, which is known as Waldeyer's tonsillar ring and ... These organs play an important role in the immune system. When used unqualified, the term most commonly refers specifically to ... Wang, JH; Chung, YS; Cho, YW; Kim, DY; Yi, JS; Bae, JS; Shim, MJ (April 2010). "Palatine tonsil size in obese, overweight, and ...
Extant reptiles range in size from a tiny gecko, Sphaerodactylus ariasae, which can grow up to 17 mm (0.7 in) to the saltwater ... Most typical sense organs are well developed with certain exceptions, most notably the snake's lack of external ears (middle ... Once full size, the frequency of shedding drastically decreases. The process of ecdysis involves forming a new layer of skin ... In all reptiles the urinogenital ducts and the anus both empty into an organ called a cloaca. In some reptiles, a midventral ...
The rebuilding was performed by Mander Organs[18] and it is now the second largest pipe organ in the British Isles with 9,997 ... During the first half of 2011, changes were made to the backstage areas to relocate and increase the size of crew catering ... "The Grand Organ, Royal Albert Hall". Mander Organs. Retrieved 17 June 2011.. ... Between 2002 and 2004 there was a major rebuilding of the great organ (known as the Voice of Jupiter),[17] built by "Father" ...
The polyps of fire corals are near microscopic size and are mostly embedded in the skeleton and connected by a network of ... The medusae contain the reproductive organs that release eggs and sperm into the water. Fertilised eggs develop into free- ... All that is visible on the smooth surface are pores of two sizes: gastropores and dactylopores. In fact, Millepora means ' ...
Tor Nørretranders (1998). "Preface". The user illusion: Cutting consciousness down to size (Jonathan Sydenham translation of ... It is the effect of the constitution and present state of our organs." ...
In fact, the first English newspaper, The London Gazette (which was an official organ of government and therefore seen as ... From 1896, they were encouraged to submit typed papers on foolscap-folio-sized paper to lighten the work of getting papers ... many readers saw the journal as an official organ of the Society.[1] It has been argued that Oldenburg benefitted from this ...
Air vibrations could not set up pulsations through the skull as in a proper auditory organ. The spiracle was retained as the ... All basal amniotes, like basal batrachomorphs and reptiliomorphs, had a small body size.[57][58] Amphibians must return to ... Such pressure is non-detectable in air, but grooves for the lateral line sense organs were found on the skull of early ... The hyomandibula of fish migrated upwards from its jaw supporting position, and was reduced in size to form the stapes. ...
Aiello, Leslie C.; Dunbar, R. I. M. (1993). "Neocortex Size, Group Size, and the Evolution of Language". Current Anthropology. ... relied primarily on underground storage organs (such as tubers) and food sharing, which facilitated social bonding among both ... group size ranged from 70-85 members-on the upper end of chimp and baboon group size-based on trends seen in neocortex size and ... Large incisor size in H. habilis compared to Australopithecus predecessors implies this species relied on incisors more. The ...
Do not then let us understand by what is called a 'commandment' a peremptory mandate delivered by organs of speech, and giving ... so that the Father is the only human figure shown at full size. In early medieval art, the Father may be represented by a hand ...
Global Organ on Chip Market Size, Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive ... Global Organ on Chip Market Portraiture. 2.1.1. Global Organ on Chip Market, by Product, 2017 (US$ Mn). 2.1.2. Global Organ on ... 1 Organ on Chip: Market Segmentation. FIG. 2 Global Organ on Chip Market, by Product, 2017 (US$ Mn). FIG. 3 Global Organ on ... Chapter 6. Global Organ on Chip Market, by Geography, 2016 - 2026 (US$ Mn). 6.1. Overview. 6.2. North America Organ on Chip ...
... flower ontogenetic study in five species of the genus Eucryphiawith the aim of testing whether differences in the organ number ... organ number and corresponding meristem size were consistent with the premise that a larger meristem size prior to organ ... Zhang Q, Zhao C, Dong X, Ma X, Hou Z, Li Y (2015) Relationship between flower size and leaf size, number of Stellera ... in the organ number observed can be explained by changes in the meristematic size of floral meristem and floral organs. Species ...
The largest organ in the body is the skin, while the largest internal solid organ is the liver, followed by the brain and lungs ... The organs in the human body come in all shapes and sizes. ... What are the other largest organs? Organ size depends on your ... Whats the largest organ? To date, the skin is considered to be the largest organ. It covers your whole body and makes up about ... But until then, the skin is at the top of the list as the largest organ. The biggest solid internal organ is your liver, ...
... yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CY … ... In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is thought to be an effective mechanism for measuring primordium size, ... Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes that are genetically controlled. ... Control of plant organ size by KLUH/CYP78A5-dependent intercellular signaling Dev Cell. 2007 Dec;13(6):843-56. doi: 10.1016/j. ...
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... reflects the importance of the size of the human beings and of the organs it holds. ... Organs have decision-making capacity. The tumour suppressor protein p53 is activated in response to stress, such as that caused ... "What we have demonstrated is that the organs themselves also have the mechanisms to maintain a balance of shapes and to grow in ... Again, nature dictates that size is not relevant but proportions are.. Reference article:. A dp53 dependent mechanism involved ...
... organ size include Using Ex Vivo Upright Droplet Cultures of Whole Fetal Organs to Study Developmental Processes during Mouse ... Three-dimensional Organotypic Cultures of Vestibular and Auditory Sensory Organs, Imaging Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Mice ... Experimental Manipulation of Body Size to Estimate Morphological Scaling Relationships in Drosophila, Isolation and ... Nonhuman Primate Lung Decellularization and Recellularization Using a Specialized Large-organ Bioreactor, ...
The regulation of organ size in higher organisms is a fundamental issue in developmental biology. In flowering plants, a ... The regulation of organ size in higher organisms is a fundamental issue in developmental biology. In flowering plants, a ... The size of aerial lateral organs in plants, i.e., leaves and floral organs, is determined by the number and size of ... Li, Y. H., Zheng, L. Y., Corke, F., Smith, C., and Bevan, M. W. (2008). Control of final seed and organ size by the DA1 gene ...
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The aim of this report is to inform methods to design mesh for individual patients with pelvic organ prolapses. We also ... Well-designed, tailor-made mesh will probably fit each pelvic organ prolapsed patient very well. ... investigated the correlations among mesh size and height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Before the operation, we obtained ... surgery is a common and minimally invasive procedure for pelvic organ prolapses. Since commercial kits are not readily ...
... soy formula feeding does not affect subsequent reproductive organ size at 5 years of age.. Andres A1, Moore MB2, Linam LE2, ... This study compared reproductive organs volumes and structural characteristics in children at age 5 y who were enrolled in the ... In this cohort, no early infant feeding effects were found on reproductive organs volumes and structural characteristics in ... breast bud; breastfeeding; infant feeding; infant formula; ovaries; prostate; reproductive organs; soy; testes; uterus ...
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Our data reveal that the H,K-ATPase ion pump is required for apoptosis-mediated head size and organ scaling throughout the ... Bioelectric signaling regulates head and organ size during planarian regeneration Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a ... A main goal of regenerative medicine is to replace lost or damaged tissues and organs with functional parts of the correct size ... Bioelectric signaling regulates head and organ size during planarian regeneration. Wendy Scott Beane, Junji Morokuma, Joan M. ...
Organs) April 3, 2013 at 5:05 am , by Liesl Den These human body worksheets cover the major ... Return to the Anatomy Activities Index Making Your Life-Sized Body ( ... Return to the Anatomy Activities Index Making Your Life-Sized Body (Organs) - Activity Anatomy Activity Talk to students about ... See the: Organs and What They Do - Lecture. Age: 2-3rd grade 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Citing This Reference CITING RESEARCH ...
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Eder, Dominik; Aegerter, Christof; Basler, Konrad (2017). Forces controlling organ growth and size. Mechanisms of development, ... One of the fundamental questions in developmental biology is what determines the final size and shape of an organ. Recent ... One of the fundamental questions in developmental biology is what determines the final size and shape of an organ. Recent ... Download PDF Forces controlling organ growth and size. Item availability may be restricted. ...
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  • The largest solid internal organ is your liver . (
  • A video posted by the lab on June 21 shows how the program is nearing the full integration of four artificial human organs -- liver, heart, lung and kidney -- that are each about the size of a smartphone screen. (
  • Abstract The liver is the largest organ inside the human body and it is the only organ that can regenerate itself in adulthood. (
  • Organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market are prescribed to patients during or after transplant of organs such as kidney, liver, heart, lung and bone marrow. (
  • On the basis of transplant type, the market has been categorized into five segments: kidney, bone marrow, liver, heart, lungs, and others (intestinal and multi-visceral organs). (
  • The increase in demand for organs like kidney, heart, lungs, and liver transplant is contributing to the growth of this segment. (
  • Artificial Organs segment is further sub-segmented into Artificial Heart, Artificial Kidney, Artificial liver, Artificial pancreas, and Artificial lungs. (
  • It is a therapeutic tool with a mechanical or biochemical function such as liver, kidney, lung, heart, or neurosensory organs. (
  • It is attributed to the rise in the preservation of various organs such as kidneys, pancreas, liver, and lungs. (
  • The University of Wisconsin solution segment is anticipated to account for the most substantial portion of the market owing it to its extensive usage in the storage of kidney, liver, and pancreas, less histological damage, improved physiological function of organs, and better outcomes after transplantation. (
  • Results: After correction for BSA, subjects lacking a functional GHRH-R have normal prostate and ovaries size, small spleen and uterus, and large liver, pancreas and kidney. (
  • Organ Cells themed gift box includes these mini microbes: Brain Cell, Liver Cell, Skin Cell, Heart Cell and Beta Cell (Insulin). (
  • Of the major internal organs, the liver is the only one that can regenerate - from as little as 25% of its mass. (
  • The liver is also the largest internal organ (the skin is regarded as the largest organ overall) and was once thought to be the source of the four personality-governing humors: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. (
  • Increase in growth for lungs and kidney based organ culture devices and increase in research activities on organ on chip devices are the major factors which drive the overall market of organ on a chip kit market. (
  • Artificial organs include pacemaker, artificial heart and artificial substitutes for missing limbs or performing kidney functions. (
  • Artificial kidney represents the most popular product type, leading the artificial organs market. (
  • The wearable artificial kidney segment is expected to show the highest growth over the forecast period due to the shortage of organ donors and the rising incidence of kidney failure. (
  • Kidney preservation holds the most significant share in the organ preservation market due to the rising elderly population coupled with the rise in the occurrence of kidney failures. (
  • According to the National Kidney Foundation, in 2016, around 121,678 people are waiting for lifesaving organ transplants in the U.S., among which, approximately 100,791 people are waiting for kidney transplants. (
  • The growing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and the increasing cases of kidney failure are likely to enhance the growth of organ preservation. (
  • Kidney segment accounted for USD 26.5 million revenue in 2020 led by high usage of organ care products in kidney transplantation procedure. (
  • Your lungs are the third largest organs in your body. (
  • After the lungs, the next biggest organ is your heart . (
  • Organs and donors are subject to availability, and may not always be successful, and there is the primary challenge or finding a proper match for replacement. (
  • Lack of artificial organs and organ donors pose a major challenge for the industry. (
  • Global Artificial Organs Market Stimulated by Unavailability of Organ Donors The global artificial organs market has been witnessing a healthy growth. (
  • This can be attributed to ageing population, rising number of road accidents, scarcity of organ donors, advancements in the technology, etc. (
  • Further, unavailability of organ donors at the time of requirement coupled with growing public awareness about the advancements in the healthcare sector are contributing to the growth of the market. (
  • How do you get 500,000 people to register to be organ donors? (
  • This would be equivalent to writing into the Facebook T&Cs that all users agree to be organ donors unless they actively choose to opt-out. (
  • The key drivers of the market for artificial organ and bionics are increasing number of transplants coupled with rising number of people waiting for donors. (
  • Organ donors - does size really matter? (
  • Organ on a chip is multi-channel microfluidic cell which stimulates the physiological response, activities and response of the organ and organ system, type of artificial organ. (
  • They are composed of plastic that is seeded with stem cells from the transplant recipient, due to which the bodys immune system does not reject the artificial organ. (
  • The Global Artificial Organ and Bionic Implants Market report provides a holistic evaluation of the market. (
  • The geriatric population is receiving and seeking artificial organ transplants at a very high rate. (
  • There are certain restraints and challenges faced which will hinder the overall Artificial Organ And Bionic Implants market growth. (
  • Global Artificial Organ And Bionic Implants Market is segmented based on Product, Technology, Method of Fixation, And Geography. (
  • An artificial organ is an engineered tissue or device that is inserted into the human body. (
  • But, the market growth can be hampered due to continuous technological advances in artificial organ product designs which have made it difficult to redeem clear cost effectiveness, and high implantation cost of artificial organs. (
  • The Artificial Organ and Bionics Market is estimated to reach USD XX million by 2028 at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. (
  • This global report provides demand estimation of Artificial Organ and Bionics Market with detailed information for key segments on regional and global level basis. (
  • To estimate the market size for Artificial Organ and Bionics Market on a regional and global basis. (
  • To identify major segments in Artificial Organ and Bionics Market and evaluate their market shares and demand. (
  • To provide a competitive scenario for the Artificial Organ and Bionics Market with major developments observed by key companies in the historic years. (
  • To evaluate key factors governing the dynamics of Artificial Organ and Bionics Market with their potential gravity during the forecast period. (
  • To identify potential impact of covid-19 on the Artificial Organ and Bionics Market with deviations in 2020 estimations. (
  • Unique representation for Artificial Organ and Bionics Market to cover all the possible aspects in terms of quantitative and qualitative analysis. (
  • Highlights opportunities that promise strong potential in the Artificial Organ and Bionics Market. (
  • Details about the lateral areas and factors that impact the Artificial Organ and Bionics Market significance. (
  • An artificial organ helps to provide life support during transplantation improves patient ability for self-care and improves quality of life. (
  • Artificial organ is an engineered device, machine, tissue or others material that is implanted or integrated into a human body to replace the functions of a missing organ. (
  • Artificial organ helps to prevent imminent death while awaiting a transplant and improving the patient's capability to interact socially. (
  • Now these days, use of the artificial organ is increasing globally due to its technological advancement and growing demand for patient care. (
  • These studies on the chicken give data on weights of internal organs, but due to the lethal action of the dwarf gene, these data include only the late fetal and newly-hatched chicks. (
  • Until now the effects of the single dose of the dwarf gene on the weights of the internal organs have never been followed in later development. (
  • Permanent or temporary artificial organs involve joint or bone replacement, sensory organs, soft tissue or skin replacement, and internal organs. (
  • overview female reproductive system internal reproductive organs in female internal organs lie within true pelvis uterus vagina uterine tube (fallopian tube). (
  • Geographically, the overall organ on chip market is projected for Middle East and Africa, Europe, Latin America, Asia Pacific, and North America. (
  • Based on geography, the Global Organ Preservation market is divided into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle East & Africa. (
  • North America is projected to hold largest shares in the global Organ on a Chip Kit Market primarily due to growing adoption of innovative technologies to cure disease which are chronic. (
  • Increase in research and development activities and rise in healthcare applications in North America drive the market of organ on chip kit. (
  • North America market leads among other markets in the global artificial vital organs and medical bionics market, and the trend is excepted to continue over the forecast period. (
  • The study objectives are to present the 3D-Printed Organs development in North America, China, Europe, and South East Asia, Japan as well as in the Globe. (
  • Geographically, Global market for Artificial Organs and Bionics is segmented into North America, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Europe, and Middle-East and Africa. (
  • North America dominates the global Organ Preservation Market, and it is primarily attributed to the rising geriatric population leading to the higher occurrence of organ failures. (
  • The Global Organ Preservation market is estimated at $ 205 million in 2019, and expected to reach $ 341.83 million by 2027, with a CAGR of 6.6% from 2020 to 2027. (
  • The global wearable artificial organs market is expected to grow from USD 5.26 billion in 2019 to USD 17.48 billion by 2027, at a CAGR of 16.20% during the forecast period 2020-2027. (
  • Global Organ Preservation Solution Market Report 2020 by Key Players, Types, App. (
  • The Organ Preservation Solution market is expected to grow from USD X.X million in 2020 to USD X.X million by 2026, at a CAGR of X.X% during the forecast period. (
  • Organ Care Products Market size was valued at over USD 90 million in 2020 and is estimated to grow at around 13.3% CAGR from 2021 to 2027. (
  • Trolly organ care products exceeded USD 54.2 million in 2020, on account of high cost of devices and increasing number of installations in various transplantation centers. (
  • Retrieved on February 21, 2020 from (
  • The size of aerial lateral organs in plants, i.e., leaves and floral organs, is determined by the number and size of constituent cells since the growth of these organs is determinate. (
  • Collective efforts of governments to launch universal health coverage schemes and increasing awareness about public and private reimbursement policy coverages are some trends expected to boost adoption rates and create opportunities for players in the global artificial vital organs and medical bionics market during the forecast period. (
  • This report gives a historical overview of the 3D-Printed Organs market trends, growth, revenue, capacity, cost structure, and key driver's analysis. (
  • 3D-Printed Organs market report study gives comprehensive coverage of the market across different market segments, deep country level analysis, and examination on drivers, restraints, key trends and opportunities. (
  • According to IMARC Group's latest report, titled "Artificial Organs Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2017-2022", the global artificial organs market reached a value of more than US$ 12 Billion in 2016. (
  • Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2017-2022, finds that the global artificial organs market reached a value of more than US 12 Billion in 2016. (
  • The global Organ Preservation Solution market report is a comprehensive research that focuses on the overall consumption structure, development trends, sales models and sales of top countries in the global Organ Preservation Solution market. (
  • Evanston Hospital had the shortest waiting list for heart transplants as of March 20, 2019, according to data from the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. (
  • Thus, rise in the number of organ transplants across the globe, along with advancements in the immunosuppressant drugs are expected to propel the global organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market. (
  • The number of people aged over 65 years of age receiving and seeking organ transplants is rising significantly. (
  • Increasing demand for transplantations and technological advancements in organ transplants & tissue engineering are some of the key factors driving this market. (
  • There is a huge demand for organ transplants that will further boost the market growth. (
  • This can be attributed to increasing demand and relatively better organ availability than other transplants. (
  • The organ preservation market is at a rise due to the increase in the incidence of multi-organ failure, the growth in the geriatric population, and the rising number of organ transplants. (
  • A rise in geriatric population, growing prevalence of chronic diseases and a surge in the number of people suffering from organ failures and limb amputation are the major growth-inducing factors for the artificial organs market. (
  • Thus, the rise in the geriatric population is responsible for major demand creation for organ implants. (
  • The market for Artificial Organs and Bionics is mainly driven due to increasing prevalence of acute renal failure and renal disorders due to lifestyle habits such as excessive alcohol consumption and growing geriatric population base causing a rise in organ failure rates. (
  • The market for Artificial Organs and Bionics is mainly driven due to large number of patients who are in need for organ transplantation, growing public awareness about various diseases, and advancements in medical bionic implant and artificial organs procedures. (
  • Technological advancements, new techniques, and procedures for organ donation are likely to enhance market growth. (
  • Technological advancements, for example, the normothermic machine perfusion which is a new paradigm for organ preservation also contribute to market growth. (
  • Technological advancements in the field of organ care and rising number of product launches are the factors that will ensure the market expansion. (
  • Advancements also enhance the organ care during the period when they are outside of the human body. (
  • The factors driving this market include the advancements made in tissue engineering and organ transplantations. (
  • For the period 2019-2027, this study provides the Global Organ Preservation sales, revenue and market share for each player covered in this report. (
  • DBMR recently published a detailed study of over 350+ pages in its repository on 3D-Printed Organs Market covering interesting aspects of market with supporting development scenario till 2027. (
  • Midday Music for Organ on Wednesday, October 18th, 2017 presents Michael Plagerman, our newest member of the doctoral program in performance practice. (
  • However, the study's authors believe it also protects tissue from the natural movement of your organs, like when your GI tract contracts while digesting food. (
  • The Advanced Tissue-engineered Human Ectypal Network Analyzer ( ATHENA ) project has created interconnected, surrogate human organs, researchers said in a new video. (
  • These experiments indicate that stressed cells send signals to the remaining tissues in order to reduce their growth in order to allow damaged tissue to repair itself and allow the organ to grow in a coordinated manner", explains Milán. (
  • Gift of Hope is opening a 48,000-square-foot community development hub in Chatham that will include employee offices, shared workspaces for nonprofits and a job training center for recent high school graduates.The Itasca-based organ and tissue donation network paid $1.2 million for the three-story building at 7936 S. Cottage Grove Avenue, which was previously home to Urban Partnership Bank. (
  • But despite the importance of tissue remodeling, we do not yet understand the mechanisms that coordinate individual cell regulatory pathways into tissue- and organ-level organization. (
  • Furthermore, mechanical cues do not only regulate processes at a cellular level but also provide constant feedback about size and shape on a tissue scale. (
  • Organ and tissue transplantation is a rapidly growing field due to increasing prevalence of organ and tissue failure diseases. (
  • Better harvesting and procurement techniques, vastly improved immunosuppression regimens, advance tissue matching and effective anti-infective regimens are also supporting the growth of organ and tissue transplantation market. (
  • The market of organ and tissue replacement can be divided in to various parts, such as tissue typing technology, solid organ procurement and preservation, tissue products, immunosuppressant, post translational monitoring of tissue and organ and alternative devices and technologies. (
  • Some of the major players in the market of organ and tissue transplantation are Abbott, Arthrex, Bristol-Myers, Biomet, Celera, Centacor and Novartis. (
  • In addition, the device can cause the tearing of the male organ tissue, something that is not worth the risk. (
  • Not only does the pump use not permanently increase the size, but long or frequent use can actually damage the elastic tissue within the male organ required for strong immune system. (
  • Artificial organs are mechanically or electronically engineered device and tissue, which are used to integrate into the human body to interface with living tissue or to replace with damaged organs or to augment specific organs function. (
  • This report on the organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market studies the current and future prospects of the global market. (
  • The organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market report comprises an elaborate executive summary, which includes a market snapshot that provides information about various segments and sub-segments of the market. (
  • It also provides information and data analysis of the global organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market with respect to the segments based on the type of drug class, transplant, and their geographic analysis. (
  • Based on drug class, the organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market has been segmented into four major categories: calcineurin inhibitors, antiproliferative agents, mTOR inhibotrs, antibodies and steroids. (
  • The report also profiles major players in the global organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market based on various attributes such as company overview, financial overview, product portfolio, business strategies, and recent developments. (
  • The global organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market size was estimated at USD 4.64 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 3.3% over the forecast period. (
  • Among the drug classes, the calcineurin inhibitors are expected to dominate the global organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market through the forecast period. (
  • Organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs are the category of drugs which are administered to minimize the chances of organ rejection after transplantation. (
  • Organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market has accelerated the growth of rapid organ transplant by reducing the harmful side effects such as autoimmune diseases. (
  • The value chain analysis of the organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market is dealt strategically. (
  • The global Organ transplant immunosuppressant drugs market is segmented into therapeutics, commercialized products and geography. (
  • Organ on Chip Market - Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2018-2026, the global organ on chip market is expected to witness significant growth. (
  • The need of organ on chip has become prominent in Asia Pacific because of growth in the healthcare infrastructure, healthcare expenditure, and flexible income. (
  • In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is thought to be an effective mechanism for measuring primordium size, yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. (
  • Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CYP78A5 as a stimulator of plant organ growth. (
  • KLU promotes organ growth in a non-cell-autonomous manner, yet it does not appear to modulate the levels of known phytohormones. (
  • Headed by Milán, the study shows that when some specific cells of the wing primordium are subjected to stress, not only is the growth of this part of the organ reduced but also that of the remaining section. (
  • This observation indicates that this protein is crucial for the coordinated growth of the different parts of an organ. (
  • Organ size regulation is an essential process for the optimal growth and appropriate function of multicellular organisms. (
  • In metastatic cancer, the growth and drug-induced shrinkage of individual tumor lesions may behighly dependent on the microenvironment of the hosting organ, and individual lesions cancontribute differently to overall disease progression and survival. (
  • Rising awareness among the population towards better healthcare devices propel the growth of organ on a chip kit market globally. (
  • However, high cost associated with the kit of organ on chip and lack of adoption of innovative technology in the under developed economies hamper the growth of the organ on a chip kit market. (
  • On the basis of type of organ on a chip, lung on chip is expected to project the highest growth owing to increase in number of chronic disease and increase in awareness about the organ transplant during the forecast period. (
  • These are major factors driving demand for artificial organs and medical bionics, which is expected to fuel growth of the global artificial vital organs and medical bionics market over the forecast period. (
  • In addition, limb loss owing to congenital factors, accidents, armed conflicts, civil war, and industrial accidents is expected to fuel growth of the global artificial vital organs and medical bionics market during forecast period. (
  • However, high-cost associated with research and development due to requirement of substantial resources, lack of satisfactory standards and methods, and physiological threats such as disabling injury or death are major factors restraining growth of the global artificial vital organs and medical bionics market. (
  • The study provides market size break-up by revenue and volume for emerging countries and important business segments along with commentary on trending factors, growth drivers. (
  • The 3D-Printed Organs Market report also gives an overview of revenue, sales, product demand and data supply, cost and growth analysis over the forecast year. (
  • This report is exhaustive quantitative analyses of the 3D-Printed Organs industry and provides data for making strategies to increase 3D-Printed Organs Market growth and effectiveness. (
  • Heat map of cell growth in a developing Arabidopsis sepal (outermost floral organ). (
  • In plants, the growth of an aerial organ to its characteristic size relies on the coordination of cell proliferation and expansion. (
  • However, the mechanism underlying the cooperative and coordinative regulation of cell proliferation and expansion during organ growth remains poorly understood. (
  • This study characterized a new Arabidopsis ORGAN SIZE RELATED ( OSR ) gene, OSR2 , which participates in the regulation of cell expansion process during organ growth. (
  • OSR2 was expressed primarily in tissues or organs undergoing growth by cell expansion, and the ectopic expression of OSR2 resulted in enlarged organs, primarily through enhancement of cell expansion. (
  • We further show that OSR2 functions redundantly with ARGOS-LIKE ( ARL ), another OSR gene that regulates cell expansion in organ growth. (
  • Our results reveal that OSR2 is functional in the regulation of cell expansion during organ growth, which further implicates the involvement of OSR members in the regulation of both cell proliferation and expansion and thus the final organ size. (
  • These findings, together with our previous studies, strongly suggest that OSR-mediated organ growth may represent an evolutionary mechanism for the cooperative regulation of cell proliferation and expansion during plant organogenesis. (
  • In animals, the final size of an organ is primarily determined by cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. (
  • But, the market growth is constrained due to lack of availability of donor organs and bio-artificial organs, and high cost of devices and uncertain reimbursement scenarios. (
  • However, the high cost of transplantation and low availability of organs are inhibiting the market growth. (
  • However, developments and innovation of new artificial organs are still progressing, providing promising growth outlooks to the global artificial organs market over the forecast period. (
  • The increase in the initiatives done by the government and NGOs for organ donation programs worldwide are boosting the growth of the market. (
  • However, the high cost of organ transplantation, less awareness among the people about the organ donation programs and stringent rules and regulation are restraining the growth of the market. (
  • The increasing number of solid-organ transplantation procedures coupled with an aging population are expected to promote market growth. (
  • On the other hand, hypothermic perfusion preservation is anticipated to experience the fastest growth during the forecast period as a result of the benefits of organ preservation it provides for a more extended period. (
  • Furthermore, factors such as high spending of GDP in healthcare, growing government initiatives, and reimbursement policies in advanced medical treatment options are likely to enhance the growth of organ preservation market in the region. (
  • Just as the factors that regulate organ identity ultimately modulate growth patterns, evolution has brought about an enormous range of different organ sizes and shapes. (
  • 2005). Thus, evolution may have acted on distinct leaf and floral growth gene modules, or alternatively the presumed links between organ identity factors and growth control may have been targeted by evolutionary change. (
  • 2003). Thus, a heterochronic change in the promoter of an important growth regulator that also influences overall mRNA abundance seems to underlie the difference in fruit size be tween certain tomato varieties. (
  • The market is expected to see robust growth owing to large need of donor organs and increasing demand for organ preservation. (
  • Thus, large number of donor organ rejection by the transplant program due to poor organ function will fuel the demand for effective systems for organ care, thereby influencing the market growth. (
  • A clinically proven formula that has been tested for its exemplary results including a significant growth of penile tissues thereby augmenting its size. (
  • The lack of availability of organs and high cost of transplantation are the limitations for the growth of this market. (
  • The forecast period 2018-2024 is expected to show noticeable growth in Artificial Organs Market . (
  • Increase in healthcare expenditure and increase rate of organ transplant is expected to boost the demand of organ on a chip kit market during the forecast period. (
  • We present a comparative flower ontogenetic study in five species of the genus Eucryphia with the aim of testing whether differences in the organ number observed can be explained by changes in the meristematic size of floral meristem and floral organs. (
  • Significant regressions between organ number and corresponding meristem size were consistent with the premise that a larger meristem size prior to organ initiation could be determining for a higher organ number. (
  • Exogenous application of the peptides FON4p and CLV3p corresponding to the CLV3/ESR-related (CLE) motifs of FON4 and CLV3, respectively, resulted in termination of SAMs in rice, and treatment with CLV3p caused consumption of both rice and Arabidopsis root meristems, suggesting that the CLV pathway in limiting meristem size is conserved in both rice and Arabidopsis. (
  • Advancement in technology of organ on chip is capable of accelerating the speed of drug testing, producing more reliable data, and dropping the financial and ethical drawbacks of preclinical research will boost the market of organ on chip. (
  • The Global Organ Preservation Market is mainly classified based on Organ Type, Preservation Type, Solution, and Region. (
  • This Organ On A Chip Kit market study offers a comprehensive analysis of the business models, key strategies, and respective market shares of some of the most prominent players in this landscape. (
  • This study is one of the most comprehensive documentation that captures all the facets of the evolving Organ On A Chip Kit market. (
  • Increase in innovation in drug development and growing prevalence of chronic disease such as respiratory disease, heart failure and other disease drive the market of organ on a chip kit market. (
  • On the basis of geography, global organ on a chip kit market is segmented into seven key regions viz. (
  • Asia Pacific region is anticipated to be the fastest growing region in organ on chip kit market owing to increase in investment in the research and development in the drug development and government initiative towards the improvement of healthcare expenditure. (
  • 3D-Printed Organs Market Research Report is a historical overview and in-depth study on the current and future market of the 3D-Printed Organs industry. (
  • The report represents a basic overview of the 3D-Printed Organs market size, share, and competitor segment with a basic introduction of manufactures, geographical regions, product types, and applications. (
  • Also, 3D-Printed Organs market report primary focus on key business financials, product portfolio, expansion strategies, and recent developments. (
  • The market is expected to rise rapidly in the future due to increasing usage of 3D-printed organs. (
  • This report also covers all the regions and countries of the world, which shows a regional development status, including market size, volume and value, as well as price data. (
  • Besides, the report also covers segment data, including: type segment, industry segment, channel segment etc. cover different segment market size, both volume and value. (
  • The global high throughput screening market size is expected to generate a revenue of USD 30.91 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc., exhibiting a CAGR of 7.89% during the forecast period. (
  • The market size and forecast in terms of USD million for each segment has been provided for the period from 2013 to 2023. (
  • The market size and forecast for each of these regions and the mentioned countries has been provided for the period from 2013 to 2023, along with their respective CAGRs for the forecast period from 2015 to 2023, considering 2014 as the base year. (
  • Get more information about the market : Artificial organs are engineered devices that are implanted in a human body in order to replace a natural organ or perform a specific function. (
  • The artificial organs dominated the market and holds more than half of the market. (
  • This dominance of this market can be attributed to the rise in the incidence of organ failures. (
  • Global Artificial Organs and Bionics Market has been estimated at USD 24.3 Billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 38.4 Billion by 2024, at a CAGR of 9.59% during the forecast period from 2019 to 2024. (
  • Global market for Artificial Organs and Bionics is segmented based on Product, Technology and Type of fixation. (
  • By Products, the market is further sub-segmented into Artificial Organs and Bionics. (
  • The Artificial Organs and Bionics market in the Asia-Pacific region is projected to grow at the highest CAGR, which is greatly due to increasing aging population and large consumer base, rising government initiatives for enhancing healthcare, and high disposable income. (
  • The market is witnessing an increasing number of pipeline studies for organ transplant rejection which is further expected to drive the market. (
  • The Global Organ Preservation Market is expected to grow at a high CAGR during the forecasting period (2019-2026). (
  • The global market for the organ preservation market is primarily driven by the rising cases of multiple organ failure. (
  • Other factors such as the growing government and NGO initiatives to encourage organ donation along with the increasing awareness of organ donations assist the market development. (
  • However, the high cost of organ transplantation, a significant gap between the number of organs donated and organs required annually and limited medical reimbursements for organ donation and transplantation may hinder the market progress. (
  • Asia-Pacific Artificial Organs and Bionics market has been estimated at USD 4.88 Billion in 2018 and is projected to reach USD 8 Billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 10.40% during the forecast period from 2018 to 2023. (
  • Geographically, Asia-Pacific market for Artificial Organs and Bionics is segmented into China, India, Japan, South Korea and Australia. (
  • The report focuses on well-known providers in the global Organ Preservation Solution industry, market segments, competition, and the macro environment. (
  • High demand for transplantation of organs is driving the demand for organ care products in the market. (
  • Such advanced features of organ care products help clinicians to take timely decisions with real time data, thereby augmenting the market value. (
  • Our report studies Artificial Organs market and covers historical and forecast data for application, regional and country. (
  • Our new report discusses issues and events affecting the Artificial Organs market. (
  • A main goal of regenerative medicine is to replace lost or damaged tissues and organs with functional parts of the correct size and shape. (
  • 3D organs printer prints organs layer-by-layer by using 3D printing method and regenerative medicine by placing biomaterials or bio-inks on structures tissues and organs. (
  • Artificial organs are man-made electrical devices that are integrated into a human body so as to replace a damaged or missing natural organ. (
  • Artificial organs act as a substitute to the original organs and are implanted in the body if the natural organ fails or if any organ is damaged by an external factor like an accident. (
  • The artificial organs substitute a natural organ to replicate a particular function so that the patient can return to a healthy life. (
  • Roeder hopes their sensor design helps them identify such natural organ sensors in plants. (
  • Organ Needle Company Machine Needles Microtex Size 80/12 5 pc- Slim, sharp point needle for sewing fine cloth like: batiste, chiffon, organdy, lace, linen, toweling, or any other microfiber. (
  • Contains five size 80/12 sewing machine needles. (
  • See more Organ Machine Needles. (
  • Organ Needle Company Machine Needles Twin Size 90/2mm 2 pc- A twin needle produces two parallel lines of stitching along the top as the bobbin thread zigzags between them. (
  • Organ Titanium Quilting Size 90/14 Machine Needles 10 count are extra heavy-duty titanium coated needles that are perfect for sewing jeans, quilts, applique, heavy embroidery or other multiple-ply fabrics. (
  • Schmetz 5 Pack Universal Needles Size 75/11 Needle Type: General Purpose Universal Sewing Machine Needles Needle System: 130/705H 15x1 Needle Size: 75/11 Schmetz Part Number: 1718 Tip Type: Slightly. (
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  • This is a listing for one pack of ten (10) Organ HAx1 75/11 universal sewing machine needles. (
  • While klu loss-of-function mutants form smaller organs because of a premature arrest of cell proliferation, KLU overexpression leads to larger organs with more cells. (
  • The expression dynamics of KLU suggest a model of how the arrest of cell proliferation is coupled to the attainment of a certain primordium size, implying a common principle of size measurement in plants and animals. (
  • These results indicate that cell proliferation and cell expansion are coordinated through multiple pathways during leaf size determination. (
  • Therefore, quantitative recognition of size-related parameters and developmental decisions is required to control the kinetic aspects of cell proliferation and cell expansion. (
  • In addition to such cell level regulation, cell proliferation and postmitotic cell expansion must be coordinated to establish an organ of the appropriate size. (
  • Moreover, morphological and cytological analysis of triple and quadruple osr mutants verified that the four OSR members differentially but cooperatively participate in the regulation of cell proliferation and cell expansion and thus the final organ size. (
  • Increasing development and Prevalence of Artificial Organs will increase worldwide sales, our study shows. (
  • Tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) surgery is a common and minimally invasive procedure for pelvic organ prol a pses. (
  • The aim of this report is to inform methods to design mesh for individual patients with pelvic organ prol a pses. (
  • Well-designed, tailor-made mesh will probably fit each pelvic organ prolapsed patient very well. (
  • H. Kobayashi, Y. Haneda, S. Kira, T. Tsuchida, I. Araki and M. Takeda, "Tailor-Made Mesh for Pelvic Organ Prolapses: Correlation between Patient's Height and Mesh Size," Open Journal of Urology , Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 121-123. (
  • Clinical Pathway for Tension-Free Vaginal Mesh Procedure: Evaluation in 300 Patients with Pelvic Organ Prolapse," International Journal of Urology, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2009, 314-317. (
  • TensionFree Vaginal Mesh Procedure for Pelvic Organ Prolapse: A Single-Center Experience of 310 Cases with 1-Year Follow up," International Journal of Urology, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2010, pp. 353-358. (
  • Kegel exercises are exercises that anyone can do to recover loss of strength in pelvic floor - a hammock of muscles that keep our organs in. (
  • Objective To compare the effects of pelvic floor muscle training and watchful waiting on pelvic floor symptoms in a primary care population of women aged 55 years and over with symptomatic mild pelvic organ prolapse. (
  • Exclusion criteria were current prolapse treatment or treatment in the previous year, malignancy of pelvic organs, current treatment for another gynaecological disorder, severe/terminal illness, impaired mobility, cognitive impairment, and insufficient command of the Dutch language. (
  • Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition characterised by descent of the anterior or posterior vaginal wall, the uterus, or the vaginal vault (after hysterectomy). (
  • Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) refers to a condition in which one or more of the pelvic organs suffers descent from their normal position in the pelvis. (
  • This leads to a widening of the gaps through which the pelvic organs communicate with the outside. (
  • What Are the Largest Organs in Your Body? (
  • Many resources state that there are 79 known organs in the human body. (
  • But according to recent research, there may be even more organs in the body. (
  • If the medical community decides it's an organ, it would be the 80th and largest organ in the body. (
  • The whole ATHENA "body" of interconnected organs will fit neatly on a desk. (
  • The human heart pumps blood at a rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute through the 60,000 miles of blood vessels packed in your body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to your organs and cells. (
  • We also investigated the correlations among mesh size and height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). (
  • Return to the Anatomy Activities Index Making Your Life-Sized Body (Organs) - Activity Anatomy Activity Talk to students about the functions of each organ in their body and how they fit together in a working machine. (
  • Yet the four O. taurus populations Moczek and Parzer studied in the U.S. (North Carolina), Italy, and western and eastern Australia, exhibit substantial changes in both horn and genitalia length -- as much as 3.5 times, in terms of an "investment" index the scientists devised that takes body size into account. (
  • In order to understand the mechanisms of determination of the size of body or the organ, - specifically, whether that is controlled by intrinsic or extrinsic cues, we performed interspecies blastocyst complementation. (
  • Organ transplantation is the process of transplant of an organ from one body to another or from donor site to another recipient site for the purpose of replacing the damaged or absent organ. (
  • Body and organ size and composition during late foetal and postnatal development of rat. (
  • Variations in size and body proportions in various breeds of dogs including measurements of the endocrine glands and skeleton, were studied by Stockard ('41). (
  • Artificial organs are mechanical devices that can temporarily or permanently substitute for a body organ. (
  • Organ transplantation is a medical procedure to replace a missing or damaged organ by removing it from the donor and placing in the body of the recipient. (
  • In transplant rejection, there is an immune response to the transplanted organ by the body, which often leads to transplant failure and the requirement for immediate removal of the organ from the recipient. (
  • Artificial organs are extracorporeal or surgically inserted, where blood is briefly treated outside the patient's body. (
  • Artificial organs are human-made engineered devices that can imitate the necessary organ functions of the body. (
  • The process of organ transplantation involves an organ removal from a donor body, transporting the organ, and transplanting into another body, all while preserving the organ without significant damage. (
  • Creating hypothermia by reducing the organ temperature may help preservation, but different body organs need precise and appropriate storage environments to maintain their anatomical and physiological processes. (
  • Artificial organs are man-made devices which are integrated into human body to replace the natural organs which are either partially or completely not performing its functions at all. (
  • A note on body size/mass: the numbers are, like the rest of the organ sizes, not in any absolute terms. (
  • Note that the descriptions of organs are meant to be relative to the body size. (
  • Objective: To assess the sizes of intra-abdominal organs of adult subjects with untreated severe congenital isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) due to lack of functional GHRH receptor (GHRH-R), and to verify whether there is proportionality between size of organ and adult stature and body surface area (BSA). (
  • The device keeps organs viable in a physiological environment outside of body for longer timeframe. (
  • Thus, there is huge demand for organ preservation solutions to mimic the real physiological condition for donated organ outside of body that is enabled by organ care products. (
  • The heart organ pumps blood throughout the body. (
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  • Organ on chip technology aims at creating imitation active organs that mimic the complex and biological reactions of actual organs, keeping in mind the goal to examine drugs' action by exactly manipulating the cells and their microenvironments. (
  • By developing this 'homo minutus,' we are stepping beyond the need for animal or Petri dish testing: There are huge benefits in developing drug and toxicity analysis systems that can mimic the response of actual human organs," Rashi Iyer, a senior scientist at Los Alamos, said in a statement. (
  • A team of engineers and scientists has developed a method of 'multiplying' organoids: miniature collections of cells that mimic the behaviour of various organs and are promising tools for the study of human biology and disease. (
  • Organoids are tiny, three-dimensional cell assemblies that mimic the cell arrangement of fully-grown organs. (
  • Thoroughly clean and rinse the member daily and use a specially formulated male organ health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin) to sport the most smooth, supple member a woman has ever handled. (
  • Visit for additional information on most common male organ health issues, tips on improving sensitivity and what to do to maintain a healthy member. (
  • People can also consider buying crème male organ health (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) to better protect themselves from upset. (
  • Even acknowledging that male organ health and skill with one's equipment ultimately matters more than mere male organ size, most men still would like to sport an obviously impressive member. (
  • Using a male organ pump in search of greater male organ size may cause soreness, so regular application apply a first-rate male organ health oil (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) is advised. (
  • Want to Maintain Male Organ Health? (
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  • Artificial organs are unnatural machines or devices that substitute various human organs that suffer from the loss or malfunctioning of entire functioning ability. (
  • Organ care products or organ care system is a technology used to preserve transplant/donor organs at suitable temperature. (
  • Although, these modified medical products can only imitate the natural tissues/organs, they cannot be utilized as replacement for the original organs. (
  • Bull-Hereñu K, Ronse de Craene L, Pérez F (2016) Flower meristematic size correlates with heterostylous morphs in two Chilean Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) species. (
  • Technological development in healthcare centers and the availability of advanced artificial support systems is anticipated to boost the demand for artificial organs and bionics implants. (
  • The rise of the Great Depression and the advent of sound films eliminated the demand for theater organs and the company closed in 1931. (
  • It is due to the high incidence of organ failure and the presence of a large patient pool in the region. (
  • When considering the mechanisms of organ size, two contrasting theories exist. (
  • Here we review several models and experimental systems which are contributing to our understanding of the roles mechanical forces play during organ development. (
  • Medical bionics refers to the study of these artificial vital organs and their mechanical systems. (
  • It is either wearable or an implantable medical device or a combination of two and is designed based on optical, electrical, mechanical, and biophysical characteristics of the living organs. (
  • A dance organ is a mechanical organ designed to be used in a dance hall or ballroom. (
  • Stem cells within a small central zone of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) have the ability to grow and divide to replace cells of the SAM flanks, which then drive the formation of lateral organs. (
  • In now well-known research by Dan Goldstein and Eric Johnson (described by Thaler and Sunstein in Nudge, by Dan Ariely in one of his brilliant TED talks , and used in nearly any conversation about defaults), the authors show that default options matter - a lot - for organ donation rates. (
  • A debossed message for Organ Donation on a 100% silicon rubber wristband, individually packaged, and available now for same day shipping. (
  • Artificial vital organs are man-made or artificially-created electronic or electromechanical machines, devices, or other materials that enhance or substitute a human beings' natural biological capability by replacing missing or faulty organs. (
  • These bio-artificial devices can temporarily or permanently substitute organs and provide support for restoring a specific function so that the patient can heal rapidly. (
  • Based on the preservation solution segment, U.W. (University of Wisconsin) is widely used as it is capable to preserve the organs for a longer period of time than other solutions it is also known as a gold standard of organ preservation techniques. (
  • By technique, the global organ preservation segment is divided into static cold storage, hypothermic perfusion preservation, normothermic machine perfusion, and others. (
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  • Compared with feeding infants breast milk or cow-milk formula, soy formula feeding does not affect subsequent reproductive organ size at 5 years of. (
  • 12/26/ · Male reproductive organ size? (
  • Organ on a chip have significant impact on the improvement on the predictability of drug screening models and personalized medicines. (
  • An NIH-funded postdoctoral position is available in Dr. Adrienne Roeder's group at Cornell University to research robustness of organ size in Arabidopsis . (