Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Hand Hygiene: Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Gingival Hemorrhage: The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Gingival DiseasesHalitosis: An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.Hand Disinfection: The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Mouth DiseasesDentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Neisseria mucosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA, found in the human NASOPHARYNX and in the normal flora of the respiratory tissues in DOLPHINS. It is occasionally pathogenic for humans and pathogenic for MICE. (Bergey's Manual of Systemic Bacteriology, 1st edition, p295)Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Orthognathic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed to repair or correct the skeletal anomalies of the jaw and its associated dental and facial structures (e.g. CLEFT PALATE).Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Periodontal Pocket: An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Root Planing: A procedure for smoothing of the roughened root surface or cementum of a tooth after subgingival curettage or scaling, as part of periodontal therapy.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Pterocarpus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Mentally Disabled Persons: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Burning Mouth Syndrome: A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.Oral Ulcer: A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Stevia: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain stevioside and other sweet diterpene glycosides. The leaf is used for sweetening (SWEETENING AGENTS).Gingival Recession: Exposure of the root surface when the edge of the gum (GINGIVA) moves apically away from the crown of the tooth. This is common with advancing age, vigorous tooth brushing, diseases, or tissue loss of the gingiva, the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT and the supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Denture, Overlay: Removable prosthesis constructed over natural teeth or implanted studs.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Gingival Overgrowth: Excessive growth of the gingiva either by an increase in the size of the constituent cells (GINGIVAL HYPERTROPHY) or by an increase in their number (GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA). (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p574)Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Tin Fluorides: Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.Periodontal Attachment Loss: Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Areca: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.Gingival Hyperplasia: Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. It is characteristically due to an increase in the number of cells. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p400)Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Veillonella: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic cocci parasitic in the mouth and in the intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals.IndiaFluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Gemella: A genus that has been reclassified into BACILLALES incertae sedis because of its ambiguous taxonomy. Previously it was considered part of the Staphylococcaceae family.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Viridans Streptococci: A large heterogeneous group of mostly alpha-hemolytic streptococci. They colonize the respiratory tract at birth and generally have a low degree of pathogenicity. This group of species includes STREPTOCOCCUS MITIS; STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS; STREPTOCOCCUS ORALIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SOBRINUS; and the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. The latter are often beta-hemolytic and commonly produce invasive pyogenic infections including brain and abdominal abscesses.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Carnobacteriaceae: A family of gram-positive, lactic acid-producing bacteria in the order Lactobacillales. It includes both high-pressure-loving species (piezophiles) found in the deep ocean, and Antarctic species.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Fusobacterium nucleatum: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the gingival margin and sulcus and from infections of the upper respiratory tract and pleural cavity.Feminine Hygiene Products: Personal care items for women.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Stomatitis, Denture: Inflammation of the mouth due to denture irritation.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.LithuaniaMothers: Female parents, human or animal.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Triclosan: A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated: Serious INFLAMMATION of the LUNG in patients who required the use of PULMONARY VENTILATOR. It is usually caused by cross bacterial infections in hospitals (NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS).Chronic Periodontitis: Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Orthodontics, Corrective: The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).Mouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Streptococcus mitis: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commensal in the respiratory tract.Prevotella intermedia: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Bacterial Load: Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Toilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Stomatitis: INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.

Strategies to improve the quality of oral health care for frail and dependent older people. (1/445)

The dental profile of the population of most industrialised countries is changing. For the first time in at least a century most elderly people in the United Kingdom will soon have some of their own natural teeth. This could be beneficial for the frail and dependent elderly, as natural teeth are associated with greater dietary freedom of choice and good nutrition. There may also be problems including high levels of dental disease associated with poor hygiene and diet. New data from a national oral health survey in Great Britain is presented. The few dentate elderly people in institutions at the moment have poor hygiene and high levels of dental decay. If these problems persist as dentate younger generations get older, the burden of care will be substantial. Many dental problems in elderly people are preventable or would benefit from early intervention. Strategies to approach these problems are presented.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of dental hygiene. (2/445)

Despite the long history of the dental hygiene profession, little research has been conducted on the characteristics of its literature. In this study, the bibliometric method was used to identify the core journals in the discipline and the extent of indexing of these journals. The study was a part of the Medical Library Association (MLA) Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project to map the allied health literature. Five journals were found to provide one-third of all references studied. Forty-two journals yielded an additional one-third of the references. MEDLINE had the best indexing coverage with 87% of the journals receiving indexing for at least one-half of the articles included. Limited coverage was provided by EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (11%) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (9%). The findings identified titles that should be added by indexing services as well as those that should have more complete coverage.  (+info)

Anticipatory guidance in infant oral health: rationale and recommendations. (3/445)

If appropriate measures are applied early enough, it may be possible to totally prevent oral disease. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that infants be scheduled for an initial oral evaluation within six months of the eruption of the first primary tooth but by no later than 12 months of age. The rationale for this recommendation is provided, although the recommendation itself is not universally accepted. Specific recommendations include elimination of bottles in bed, early use of soft-bristled toothbrushes (with parental supervision) and limitation of high-carbohydrate food intake after teeth have been brushed.  (+info)

Oral care of elderly patients: nurses' knowledge and views. (4/445)

It is important that healthcare professionals caring for the elderly in hospitals have a core knowledge of the orodental care requirements of their patients. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and views of nurses working on acute and rehabilitation care of the elderly wards about orodental care. One hundred nurses and healthcare assistants took part in this questionnaire study of which 58 were qualified nurses and 70 had been employed on care of the elderly wards for two or more years. Although the majority of the respondents were registered with a dentist and attended regularly, 40 did have 'some anxiety' about visiting their dentist. Approximately half of the study population regularly gave advice to their patients about dental care but their knowledge of and reasons for providing oral care and advice was often incorrect. The group's understanding of the availability of dental treatment provided by the National Health Service was also often inaccurate. It was concluded that a better core knowledge of the orodental care of older patients is required by all healthcare professionals who care for this group. It is also important that individuals in whom anxiety is associated with their own dental experience do not neglect to give orodental health advice to their patients.  (+info)

Possibilities of preventing osteoradionecrosis during complex therapy of tumors of the oral cavity. (5/445)

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of tumors of the head and neck. Their successful treatment is one of the greatest challenges for physicians dealing with oncotherapy. An organic part of the complex therapy is preoperative or postoperative irradiation. Application of this is accompanied by a lower risk of recurrences, and by a higher proportion of cured patients. Unfortunately, irradiation also has a disadvantage: the development of osteoradionecrosis, a special form of osteomyelitis, in some patients (mainly in those cases where irradiation occurs after bone resection or after partial removal of the periosteum). Once the clinical picture of this irradiation complication has developed, its treatment is very difficult. A significant result or complete freedom from complaints can be attained only rarely. Attention must therefore be focussed primarily on prevention, and the oral surgeon, the oncoradiologist and the patient too can all do much to help prevent the occurrence of osteoradionecrosis. Through coupling of an up-to-date, functional surgical attitude with knowledge relating to modern radiology and radiation physics, the way may be opened to forestall this complication that is so difficult to cure.  (+info)

Chewing gum--facts and fiction: a review of gum-chewing and oral health. (6/445)

The world market for chewing gum is estimated to be 560,000 tons per year, representing approximately US $5 billion. Some 374 billion pieces of chewing gum are sold worldwide every year, representing 187 billion hours of gum-chewing if each piece of gum is chewed for 30 minutes. Chewing gum can thus be expected to have an influence on oral health. The labeling of sugar-substituted chewing gum as "safe for teeth" or "tooth-friendly" has been proven beneficial to the informed consumer. Such claims are allowed for products having been shown in vivo not to depress plaque pH below 5.7, neither during nor for 30 minutes after the consumption. However, various chewing gum manufacturers have recently begun to make distinct health promotion claims, suggesting, e.g., reparative action or substitution for mechanical hygiene. The aim of this critical review--covering the effects of the physical properties of chewing gum and those of different ingredients both of conventional and of functional chewing gum--is to provide a set of guidelines for the interpretation of such claims and to assist oral health care professionals in counseling patients.  (+info)

Examination, classification, and treatment of halitosis; clinical perspectives. (7/445)

Patients with halitosis may seek treatment from dental clinicians for their perceived oral malodour. In this article, an examination protocol, classification system and treatment needs for such patients are outlined. Physiologic halitosis, oral pathologic halitosis and pseudo-halitosis would be in the treatment realm of dental practitioners. Management may include periodontal or restorative treatment or both, as well as simple treatment measures such as instruction in oral hygiene, tongue cleaning and mouth rinsing. Psychosomatic halitosis is more difficult to diagnose and manage, and patients with this condition are often mismanaged in that they receive only treatments for genuine halitosis, even though they do not have oral malodour. A classification system can be used to identify patients with halitophobia. Additionally, a questionnaire can be used to assess the psychological condition of patients claiming to have halitosis, which enables the clinician to identify patients with psychosomatic halitosis. In understanding the different types of halitosis and the corresponding treatment needs, the dental clinician can better manage patients with this condition.  (+info)

Rationale and treatment approach in minimally invasive dentistry. (8/445)

BACKGROUND: Current methods of detecting caries, especially fissure caries, are inaccurate, causing some caries to go undetected until it has reached more advanced stages. Minimally invasive dentistry is a philosophy in which the goal of intervention to conserve healthy tooth structure. The authors review the rationale and role of air abrasion in successful practice in the 21st century that includes the philosophy of minimal intervention. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This objective encompasses a range of clinical procedures that includes assessment of caries risk to reinforce patient self-help, early detection of the disease before lesion cavitation to fortify the oral environment, restoration of fissure caries with maximum retention of sound tooth structure and sealant placement in unaffected areas. This conservative approach minimizes the restoration/re-restoration cycle, thus benefiting the patient over a lifetime.  (+info)

  • Effective Cleaning Ora-clens Oral Hygiene Chews formula features a blend of the enzymes Lactoperoxidase and Glucose Oxidase, which help prevent plaque and tartar build up as well as promote clean teeth and fresh breath. (entirelypets.com)
  • C.E.T. ® Oral Hygiene Chews for Cats combine an abrasive texture and antiseptic action for clinically proven control of plaque and tartar. (lambertvetsupply.com)
  • It would be good oral hygiene that would help in the prevention of dental problems primarily calculus and plaque. (foxpawpress.com)
  • Oral irrigators (water spraying devices) will rinse your mouth thoroughly, but will not remove plaque. (greaterperio.com)
  • Smoking and Chewing tobacco not only harms your oral mucosa but also leads to smoky breath and odour. (practo.com)
  • According to the Caucus Educational Corporation, poor oral health has been linked to heart and lung disease, diabetes, stroke, low-birth weight, and premature births. (campingsurvival.com)
  • We encourage everyone to keep up with their regular dental appointments, and especially to schedule one if you experience symptoms of oral health problems like TMD or bruxism. (nomidds.com)
  • he dentists at McKinneyDentist.com believe that oral hygiene is our patient's first step to a healthy, beautiful smile. (mckinneydentist.com)
  • The Cochrane Oral Health Group found only three studies meeting the criteria for inclusion in their study and found little evidence in them to support claims of benefits from supragingival (above the gum) tooth scaling or tooth polishing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Helen Worthington, one of the authors on the review and Co-ordinating Editor of the Cochrane Oral Health Group at the University of Manchester in the UK tells us more. (cochrane.org)
  • Oral Hygiene Global Industry Almanac_2016 ​ is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. (pitchengine.com)
  • Europe accounted for the largest share of the oral care market in 2016, followed by Asia-Pacific. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • In 2016, Unilever signed an MOU with the Federal Ministry of Health to improve the oral health of children in Nigeria and educate them on the importance of brushing day and night via the Unilever Brush Day and Night Schools Programme. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Cochrane has several systematic reviews about the management of patients in intensive care units, covering a wide range of interventions, and the update of one of these in October 2016 brought together the latest evidence on the effects of oral hygiene care. (cochrane.org)
  • This is important because one of the major benefits of an oral hygiene chew is that it helps to break down the plaque on your pet's teeth before it can calcify. (vetinfo.com)
  • Poor oral health results in plaque buildup and inflammation of the gingiva. (hindawi.com)
  • People who have poor oral hygiene not only suffer from plaque and cavities in their teeth but only suffer from ear and nose infections. (tagworld.com)
  • A new study compared the results of oral hygiene instruction combined with different plaque control methods in stroke patients, among whom functional impairment is common. (drbicuspid.com)
  • This is important because oral pathogens in dental plaque can be drawn into a patient's lungs, which can lead to aspiration pneumonia. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The effect of prestroke oral health status on dental plaque scores measured in the study remains unclear, the authors wrote. (drbicuspid.com)
  • May 2, 2017 -- Gingival bleeding and plaque levels were reduced in outpatient stroke rehabilitation patients who were enrolled in oral hygiene instruction programs in a new study. (drbicuspid.com)
  • Since controlling plaque and gingival bleeding is important to the oral and overall health of stroke survivors, researchers sought to compare the effectiveness of two oral hygiene care programs in stroke patients who were undergoing outpatient rehabilitation. (drbicuspid.com)
  • These plaque levels, in turn, can make these patients more vulnerable to oral opportunistic pathogens associated with pneumonia, increasing the risk of death, according to previous research. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The researchers conducted the current study to compare the effectiveness of an "advanced" oral hygiene care program to a "conventional" hygiene care program at controlling plaque levels and reducing gingival bleeding in outpatient stroke rehab patients with normal cognitive abilities. (drbicuspid.com)
  • This was during the ministerial press briefing at the National Oral Health Week held from 27th November - 1st December 2017 in Abuja. (vanguardngr.com)
  • As part of the National Oral Health week and to further promote oral health care in Nigeria, the Pepsodent sponsored Schools Oral Health Program was held at Deo Gratias International Group of Schools, Garki II and LEA Primary and Junior Secondary School, Area 1, Garki on Tuesday 28th and Wednesday 29thNovember 2017. (vanguardngr.com)
  • What was the size of the global oral hygiene market by value in 2015? (pitchengine.com)
  • What factors are affecting the strength of competition in the global oral hygiene market? (pitchengine.com)
  • The players in the Global Oral Hygiene market have been proactive in understanding the consumers by following a market- and consumer-driven approach. (sbwire.com)
  • Analysts forecast the Global Oral Hygiene market will grow at a CAGR of 3.18 percent over the period 2014-2018. (sbwire.com)
  • This report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the Global Oral Hygiene market for the period 2014-2018. (sbwire.com)
  • The report also outlines the key trends emerging in the market, which will contribute to the growth of the Global Oral Hygiene market during the forecast period. (sbwire.com)
  • In order to substantiate the content of the presentation, a search of nursing fundamentals textbooks was conducted in order to describe both the quantity and quality of oral hygiene content. (hindawi.com)
  • The major players in the global oral care market are Colgate-Palmolive Company (U.S.), The Procter & Gamble Company (U.S.), Unilever plc (U.K.), Glaxosmithkline plc (U.K.), GC Corporation (Japan), Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Netherlands), Johnson & Johnson (U.S.), Lion Corporation (Japan), 3M Company (U.S.), Dr. Fresh LLC. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • You shouldn't use SDF if you have a silver allergy, oral ulcerations or canker sores, advanced gum disease , or major tooth decay that's exposed the soft tissue of your tooth beneath the enamel. (healthline.com)
  • Oral irrigators are devices that basically flush the area between the tooth and the gum tissue. (sharecare.com)
  • To determine the pattern of caries in Nigerian preschool children and to identify the effect of age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, tools used in tooth cleaning and the frequency of tooth cleaning on the children's caries experience. (springer.com)
  • Information was also provided about the the type of oral hygiene tool used by each child and the frequency of tooth cleaning each day. (springer.com)
  • Logistic regression was used to assess the effect of age, socioeconomic status, gender, birth rank, tooth cleansing methods, tooth cleansing frequency, tooth cleansing tool and oral hygiene status on the occurrence of rampant, molar and maxillary anterior caries of each study subject. (springer.com)
  • likewise, oral maladies (like tooth loss) not only reduce an individual's quality of life, but may also lead to problems in other areas. (pasadenadentalimplants.com)
  • Whether smoked or smokeless, tobacco use greatly increases your risk of oral cancer, gum disease, and tooth decay (not to mention heart disease and lung cancer… but you already knew that). (pasadenadentalimplants.com)
  • Dental hygienists are at the threshold of expanded responsibilities for assessing and caring for their patient's oral and overall health, creating this "moment of opportunity. (elsevier.com)
  • Unable to contain my curiosity any longer, I asked the doctor why she was addressing the patient's oral hygiene. (vaildaily.com)
  • Since before recorded history, a variety of oral hygiene measures have been used for teeth cleaning. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this article, we're going to show you a little bit about how childhood oral hygiene is linked to adult oral health, and how you can make the most of it. (clevelandleader.com)
  • In fact, poor oral hygiene has been linked to ventilator-associated pneumonia across the lifespan [ 5 , 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Poor oral health has long been associated with an increased risk for oropharyngeal (head and neck) cancers, though it has never before been linked to increased rates of human papillomavirus infection, according to study authors Christine Markham and Thanh Cong Bui. (foxnews.com)
  • Since we know that a large number of oropharyngeal cancers are caused by HPV we wanted to look at this missing link between poor oral health and HPV infections," Markham, deputy director of the University of Texas Prevention Research Center, told FoxNews.com. (foxnews.com)
  • Suspecting that poor oral hygiene might make it easier for people to contract the HPV virus, Markham and Bui gathered data on overall oral health and HPV infection rates from 3,439 participants involved in the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (foxnews.com)
  • Overall, people who reported poor oral health or a history of gum disease had more than a 50 percent higher prevalence of oral HPV infection compared to those with good oral health. (foxnews.com)
  • Notably, the link between poor oral health and higher rates of HPV infection existed even when controlling for other known risk factors, such as having a high number of oral sex partners. (foxnews.com)
  • Poor oral health has been linked to heart disease, stroke, and other health problems. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Women with poor oral hygiene may have children with low birth weight. (wisegeek.org)
  • Every day they're reminded of what poor oral care can do to our teeth. (allhealthguides.com)
  • Recently, Unilever partnered with the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria, Nigerian Dental Association, Association of Community Pharmacists, Federal Ministry of Health and other stakeholders to further create awareness on issues emanating from poor oral health and the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene. (vanguardngr.com)
  • So just how does poor dental hygiene hurt our heart health and put us at risk of heart attack? (empowher.com)
  • Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections through Hand Hygiene. (cdc.gov)
  • Research has indicated possible associations between chronic oral infections and diabetes, heart and lung disease, stroke, and low birth weight or premature births (Benjamin, 2010). (dentistry.co.uk)
  • Oral irrigators, also called Water Flossers, are an effective, clinically proven alternative to dental floss. (sharecare.com)
  • Titled, "Associations Among Oral Hygiene Behavior and Hypertension Prevalence and Control," the study assessed data collected between 2008 and 2010 from 19,560 individuals in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). (perio.org)
  • Hand hygiene is a way of cleaning one's hands that substantially reduces potential pathogens (harmful microorganisms) on the hands. (cdc.gov)
10 Oral Hygiene Tips for Healthy, White Teeth | Reader's Digest
10 Oral Hygiene Tips for Healthy, White Teeth | Reader's Digest (rd.com)
What is Oral Hygiene? (with pictures)
What is Oral Hygiene? (with pictures) (wisegeek.org)
Oral Hygiene: Brushing Up | Health-wellness | laduenews.com
Oral Hygiene: Brushing Up | Health-wellness | laduenews.com (laduenews.com)
Oral Hygiene - Dentist Pasadena, CA - Dental Education Library
Oral Hygiene - Dentist Pasadena, CA - Dental Education Library (pasadenadentalimplants.com)
September 2020 - Teater Lilith
September 2020 - Teater Lilith (teaterlilith.com)
Oral Hygiene Instruction Project
Oral Hygiene Instruction Project (padlet.com)
JCDR -
        Plant extracts, Phytotherapy, Oral hygiene
JCDR - Plant extracts, Phytotherapy, Oral hygiene (jcdr.net)
Gum disease - Treatment
 - NHS
Gum disease - Treatment - NHS (nhs.uk)
Oral hygiene | Magnesium Blue
Oral hygiene | Magnesium Blue (kirstenrickert.com)
Gum boils: What they are and how to treat them
Gum boils: What they are and how to treat them (medicalnewstoday.com)
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/242321.php
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/242321.php (medicalnewstoday.com)
How to Reduce Tooth Decay: Can Natural Remedies Help?
How to Reduce Tooth Decay: Can Natural Remedies Help? (wikihow.com)
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326022.php
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326022.php (medicalnewstoday.com)
How to Whiten Your Teeth: Can Natural Remedies Help?
How to Whiten Your Teeth: Can Natural Remedies Help? (wikihow.com)
Don't ignore oral hygiene. Severe gum disease linked to lung, colon cancers | fitness | Hindustan Times
Don't ignore oral hygiene. Severe gum disease linked to lung, colon cancers | fitness | Hindustan Times (hindustantimes.com)
Factors That May Increase Your Cardiovascular Risk
Factors That May Increase Your Cardiovascular Risk (aarp.org)
Orange tongue: 4 causes and other colors
Orange tongue: 4 causes and other colors (medicalnewstoday.com)
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321438.php
Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321438.php (medicalnewstoday.com)
Limited scleroderma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
Limited scleroderma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic (mayoclinic.org)
Beer and oral hygiene | The Medical Journal of Australia
Beer and oral hygiene | The Medical Journal of Australia (mja.com.au)
Best practice in nasogastric and gastrostomy feeding in children | Clinical | Nursing Times
Best practice in nasogastric and gastrostomy feeding in children | Clinical | Nursing Times (nursingtimes.net)
Dating post tx | DailyStrength
Dating post tx | DailyStrength (dailystrength.org)
Maintaining a Healthy Mouth and Teeth
Maintaining a Healthy Mouth and Teeth (hubpages.com)
Turns out Neanderthals had good oral hygiene - Reuters
Turns out Neanderthals had good oral hygiene - Reuters (uk.reuters.com)
Ask the pet expert: fearful dog - Sun Sentinel
Ask the pet expert: fearful dog - Sun Sentinel (sun-sentinel.com)
What Is Keto Breath, and How Can You Get Rid of It?
What Is Keto Breath, and How Can You Get Rid of It? (healthline.com)
Toddlers with cavities: Bad parenting? - SheKnows
Toddlers with cavities: Bad parenting? - SheKnows (sheknows.com)
Today's Dental Blog | Dental Hygiene Articles | Oral Health Blog
Today's Dental Blog | Dental Hygiene Articles | Oral Health Blog (todaysdental.ab.ca)
Brushing your teeth may keep your heart healthy
Brushing your teeth may keep your heart healthy (medicalnewstoday.com)
Metallic taste in the mouth
Metallic taste in the mouth (netdoctor.co.uk)
LISTERINE® Fresh Burst | Mouthwash - Plaque - Bad Breath - Oral Hygiene | LISTERINE®
LISTERINE® Fresh Burst | Mouthwash - Plaque - Bad Breath - Oral Hygiene | LISTERINE® (listerine.ie)
Dental Implants - Cost, Implant Options, Recovery & Risks
Dental Implants - Cost, Implant Options, Recovery & Risks (docshop.com)
Português
Português (japantrendshop.com)
Oral hygiene - Wikipedia
Oral hygiene - Wikipedia (en.m.wikipedia.org)
FLUCYTOSINE - ORAL (Ancobon) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions.
FLUCYTOSINE - ORAL (Ancobon) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions. (medicinenet.com)
Topical gentamicin, Garamycin: Side Effects, Dosage and Uses
Topical gentamicin, Garamycin: Side Effects, Dosage and Uses (medicinenet.com)