The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.
The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA, found in the human NASOPHARYNX and in the normal flora of the respiratory tissues in DOLPHINS. It is occasionally pathogenic for humans and pathogenic for MICE. (Bergey's Manual of Systemic Bacteriology, 1st edition, p295)
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
Surgery performed to repair or correct the skeletal anomalies of the jaw and its associated dental and facial structures (e.g. CLEFT PALATE).
A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
A procedure for smoothing of the roughened root surface or cementum of a tooth after subgingival curettage or scaling, as part of periodontal therapy.
Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.
Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.
A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain stevioside and other sweet diterpene glycosides. The leaf is used for sweetening (SWEETENING AGENTS).
Exposure of the root surface when the edge of the gum (GINGIVA) moves apically away from the crown of the tooth. This is common with advancing age, vigorous tooth brushing, diseases, or tissue loss of the gingiva, the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT and the supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Removable prosthesis constructed over natural teeth or implanted studs.
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
Excessive growth of the gingiva either by an increase in the size of the constituent cells (GINGIVAL HYPERTROPHY) or by an increase in their number (GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA). (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p574)
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.
Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.
Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. It is characteristically due to an increase in the number of cells. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p400)
Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic cocci parasitic in the mouth and in the intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals.
Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
A genus that has been reclassified into BACILLALES incertae sedis because of its ambiguous taxonomy. Previously it was considered part of the Staphylococcaceae family.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
A large heterogeneous group of mostly alpha-hemolytic streptococci. They colonize the respiratory tract at birth and generally have a low degree of pathogenicity. This group of species includes STREPTOCOCCUS MITIS; STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS; STREPTOCOCCUS ORALIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SOBRINUS; and the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. The latter are often beta-hemolytic and commonly produce invasive pyogenic infections including brain and abdominal abscesses.
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
A family of gram-positive, lactic acid-producing bacteria in the order Lactobacillales. It includes both high-pressure-loving species (piezophiles) found in the deep ocean, and Antarctic species.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the gingival margin and sulcus and from infections of the upper respiratory tract and pleural cavity.
Personal care items for women.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
Inflammation of the mouth due to denture irritation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Female parents, human or animal.
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.
Serious INFLAMMATION of the LUNG in patients who required the use of PULMONARY VENTILATOR. It is usually caused by cross bacterial infections in hospitals (NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS).
Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commensal in the respiratory tract.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.
Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.

Strategies to improve the quality of oral health care for frail and dependent older people. (1/445)

The dental profile of the population of most industrialised countries is changing. For the first time in at least a century most elderly people in the United Kingdom will soon have some of their own natural teeth. This could be beneficial for the frail and dependent elderly, as natural teeth are associated with greater dietary freedom of choice and good nutrition. There may also be problems including high levels of dental disease associated with poor hygiene and diet. New data from a national oral health survey in Great Britain is presented. The few dentate elderly people in institutions at the moment have poor hygiene and high levels of dental decay. If these problems persist as dentate younger generations get older, the burden of care will be substantial. Many dental problems in elderly people are preventable or would benefit from early intervention. Strategies to approach these problems are presented.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of dental hygiene. (2/445)

Despite the long history of the dental hygiene profession, little research has been conducted on the characteristics of its literature. In this study, the bibliometric method was used to identify the core journals in the discipline and the extent of indexing of these journals. The study was a part of the Medical Library Association (MLA) Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project to map the allied health literature. Five journals were found to provide one-third of all references studied. Forty-two journals yielded an additional one-third of the references. MEDLINE had the best indexing coverage with 87% of the journals receiving indexing for at least one-half of the articles included. Limited coverage was provided by EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (11%) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (9%). The findings identified titles that should be added by indexing services as well as those that should have more complete coverage.  (+info)

Anticipatory guidance in infant oral health: rationale and recommendations. (3/445)

If appropriate measures are applied early enough, it may be possible to totally prevent oral disease. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that infants be scheduled for an initial oral evaluation within six months of the eruption of the first primary tooth but by no later than 12 months of age. The rationale for this recommendation is provided, although the recommendation itself is not universally accepted. Specific recommendations include elimination of bottles in bed, early use of soft-bristled toothbrushes (with parental supervision) and limitation of high-carbohydrate food intake after teeth have been brushed.  (+info)

Oral care of elderly patients: nurses' knowledge and views. (4/445)

It is important that healthcare professionals caring for the elderly in hospitals have a core knowledge of the orodental care requirements of their patients. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and views of nurses working on acute and rehabilitation care of the elderly wards about orodental care. One hundred nurses and healthcare assistants took part in this questionnaire study of which 58 were qualified nurses and 70 had been employed on care of the elderly wards for two or more years. Although the majority of the respondents were registered with a dentist and attended regularly, 40 did have 'some anxiety' about visiting their dentist. Approximately half of the study population regularly gave advice to their patients about dental care but their knowledge of and reasons for providing oral care and advice was often incorrect. The group's understanding of the availability of dental treatment provided by the National Health Service was also often inaccurate. It was concluded that a better core knowledge of the orodental care of older patients is required by all healthcare professionals who care for this group. It is also important that individuals in whom anxiety is associated with their own dental experience do not neglect to give orodental health advice to their patients.  (+info)

Possibilities of preventing osteoradionecrosis during complex therapy of tumors of the oral cavity. (5/445)

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of tumors of the head and neck. Their successful treatment is one of the greatest challenges for physicians dealing with oncotherapy. An organic part of the complex therapy is preoperative or postoperative irradiation. Application of this is accompanied by a lower risk of recurrences, and by a higher proportion of cured patients. Unfortunately, irradiation also has a disadvantage: the development of osteoradionecrosis, a special form of osteomyelitis, in some patients (mainly in those cases where irradiation occurs after bone resection or after partial removal of the periosteum). Once the clinical picture of this irradiation complication has developed, its treatment is very difficult. A significant result or complete freedom from complaints can be attained only rarely. Attention must therefore be focussed primarily on prevention, and the oral surgeon, the oncoradiologist and the patient too can all do much to help prevent the occurrence of osteoradionecrosis. Through coupling of an up-to-date, functional surgical attitude with knowledge relating to modern radiology and radiation physics, the way may be opened to forestall this complication that is so difficult to cure.  (+info)

Chewing gum--facts and fiction: a review of gum-chewing and oral health. (6/445)

The world market for chewing gum is estimated to be 560,000 tons per year, representing approximately US $5 billion. Some 374 billion pieces of chewing gum are sold worldwide every year, representing 187 billion hours of gum-chewing if each piece of gum is chewed for 30 minutes. Chewing gum can thus be expected to have an influence on oral health. The labeling of sugar-substituted chewing gum as "safe for teeth" or "tooth-friendly" has been proven beneficial to the informed consumer. Such claims are allowed for products having been shown in vivo not to depress plaque pH below 5.7, neither during nor for 30 minutes after the consumption. However, various chewing gum manufacturers have recently begun to make distinct health promotion claims, suggesting, e.g., reparative action or substitution for mechanical hygiene. The aim of this critical review--covering the effects of the physical properties of chewing gum and those of different ingredients both of conventional and of functional chewing gum--is to provide a set of guidelines for the interpretation of such claims and to assist oral health care professionals in counseling patients.  (+info)

Examination, classification, and treatment of halitosis; clinical perspectives. (7/445)

Patients with halitosis may seek treatment from dental clinicians for their perceived oral malodour. In this article, an examination protocol, classification system and treatment needs for such patients are outlined. Physiologic halitosis, oral pathologic halitosis and pseudo-halitosis would be in the treatment realm of dental practitioners. Management may include periodontal or restorative treatment or both, as well as simple treatment measures such as instruction in oral hygiene, tongue cleaning and mouth rinsing. Psychosomatic halitosis is more difficult to diagnose and manage, and patients with this condition are often mismanaged in that they receive only treatments for genuine halitosis, even though they do not have oral malodour. A classification system can be used to identify patients with halitophobia. Additionally, a questionnaire can be used to assess the psychological condition of patients claiming to have halitosis, which enables the clinician to identify patients with psychosomatic halitosis. In understanding the different types of halitosis and the corresponding treatment needs, the dental clinician can better manage patients with this condition.  (+info)

Rationale and treatment approach in minimally invasive dentistry. (8/445)

BACKGROUND: Current methods of detecting caries, especially fissure caries, are inaccurate, causing some caries to go undetected until it has reached more advanced stages. Minimally invasive dentistry is a philosophy in which the goal of intervention to conserve healthy tooth structure. The authors review the rationale and role of air abrasion in successful practice in the 21st century that includes the philosophy of minimal intervention. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This objective encompasses a range of clinical procedures that includes assessment of caries risk to reinforce patient self-help, early detection of the disease before lesion cavitation to fortify the oral environment, restoration of fissure caries with maximum retention of sound tooth structure and sealant placement in unaffected areas. This conservative approach minimizes the restoration/re-restoration cycle, thus benefiting the patient over a lifetime.  (+info)

Gingivitis can be treated with good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, and by visiting a dentist for regular check-ups and professional cleanings. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to permanent damage and tooth loss.

Some common symptoms of gingivitis include:

* Red and swollen gums
* Bleeding during brushing or flossing
* Bad breath
* Tenderness or pain in the gums
* A decrease in the amount of saliva

Treatment for gingivitis typically involves a combination of good oral hygiene practices and professional dental care. This may include:

* Regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth
* Professional cleanings ( scaling and root planing) to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth
* Antibiotics to treat any underlying infections
* Changes to diet and lifestyle to reduce the risk of further irritation to the gums.

It's important to note that while gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, it can still have serious consequences if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential for preventing and treating gingivitis.

Plaque is a key risk factor for dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In addition, research suggests that there may be a link between oral bacteria and certain systemic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, is essential to prevent the accumulation of plaque and promote overall health.

There are different types of dental calculus, including:

1. Supragingival calculus - found above the gum line and is more common.
2. Subgingival calculus - found below the gum line and is less common but more difficult to remove.
3. Interdental calculus - found between teeth and is common in people with tightly spaced teeth.
4. Cemental calculus - found on the root surface of teeth and is less common.

Dental calculus can cause a range of problems, including:

1. Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums that can lead to redness, swelling, and bleeding.
2. Periodontitis - more advanced stage of gingivitis that can cause bone loss, receding gums, and eventual tooth loss.
3. Halitosis - bad breath.
4. Tooth sensitivity - sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
5. Difficulty chewing or biting.

Removing dental calculus is an important part of maintaining good oral health, and can be done through a variety of methods, including:

1. Professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist.
2. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly to remove plaque before it hardens into calculus.
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that can contribute to calculus formation.
4. Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to the formation of plaque and calculus.

In conclusion, dental calculus is a common problem that can cause a range of oral health issues, but it can be prevented and treated through regular maintenance and good oral hygiene practices. It is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to ensure the best possible oral health.

Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.

To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.

Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.

There are several types of periodontal diseases, including:

1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease, characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. It is reversible with proper treatment and good oral hygiene.
2. Periodontitis: This is a more severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of the periodontal ligament and the jawbone. It can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.
3. Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by extensive bone loss and severe gum damage.
4. Periodontal abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the gum tissue as a result of the infection.
5. Peri-implantitis: This is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding dental implants, similar to periodontal disease.

The causes and risk factors for periodontal diseases include:

1. Poor oral hygiene
2. Smoking
3. Diabetes
4. Genetic predisposition
5. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
6. Poor diet
7. Stress
8. Certain medications

The symptoms of periodontal diseases can include:

1. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
2. Bad breath
3. Loose teeth or teeth that feel like they are shifting in their sockets
4. Pus between the teeth and gums
5. Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down

Treatment for periodontal diseases typically involves a combination of professional cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to oral hygiene habits at home. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and restore the health of the teeth and gums.

Preventing periodontal diseases includes:

1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
2. Flossing once a day to remove plaque from between the teeth
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash
4. Eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods
5. Quitting smoking
6. Maintaining regular dental check-ups and cleanings.

Here are some common causes of gingival hemorrhage:

1. Poor oral hygiene: When you don't brush and floss regularly, plaque and tartar can build up along the gum line, leading to inflammation and bleeding.
2. Gingivitis: This is an early stage of gum disease that can cause swollen, red gums that bleed easily.
3. Periodontitis: This is a more advanced stage of gum disease that can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth and create pockets where bacteria can grow, leading to bleeding.
4. Injury to the gums: If you accidentally bite your lip or tongue, or if you have a sharp object pierce your gum, it can cause bleeding.
5. Medications: Certain medications such as aspirin, warfarin, and prednisone can thin the blood and increase the risk of gingival hemorrhage.
6. Hormonal changes: Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause can increase the risk of gingival hemorrhage.
7. Vitamin deficiencies: Deficiencies in vitamins such as vitamin C and K can impair the body's ability to clot blood and increase the risk of bleeding gums.
8. Systemic diseases: Certain systemic diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and liver disease can increase the risk of gingival hemorrhage.

If you experience gingival hemorrhage, your dentist may perform a thorough examination to determine the underlying cause. Treatment options will depend on the severity of the condition, but may include professional cleaning, antibiotics, or surgery. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene practices and visit your dentist regularly to prevent and manage gingival hemorrhage.

1. Gingivitis: An inflammation of the gums that can be caused by poor oral hygiene, smoking, or other factors. Gingivitis is often reversible with proper treatment.
2. Periodontitis: A more severe form of gingival disease that affects the bone and tissues supporting the teeth. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
3. Pyorrhea: An inflammatory condition characterized by the presence of pus in the gums and pockets between the teeth and gums. Pyorrhea is often a symptom of periodontitis.
4. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG): A severe and painful form of gingival disease that can lead to tissue death and tooth loss if left untreated.
5. Desquamative gingivitis: A condition characterized by the thinning and shedding of the gums, often due to smoking or other systemic factors.
6. Necrotizing periodontal disease: A rare but severe form of periodontitis that can lead to tissue death and tooth loss.
7. Peri-implant diseases: Conditions that affect the tissues surrounding dental implants, including peri-implantitis and peri-implant mucositis.

Treatment for gingival diseases may include antibiotics, scaling and root planing, surgical intervention, and lifestyle changes such as improved oral hygiene and smoking cessation. It is important to seek professional dental care if symptoms persist or worsen over time.

1. Poor oral hygiene: When individuals fail to brush and floss regularly, bacteria can accumulate on the teeth, tongue, and gums, leading to bad breath.
2. Gum disease and other oral infections: Gingivitis, periodontitis, and other oral infections can cause bad breath due to the buildup of bacteria and tartar.
3. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A lack of saliva can lead to an increase in bacteria growth and bad breath.
4. Food particles: Eating certain foods, such as garlic or onions, can cause bad breath due to the lingering presence of particles in the mouth.
5. Smoking and tobacco use: Smoking and using other forms of tobacco can lead to bad breath due to the chemicals present in tobacco products.
6. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia, can cause bad breath.
7. Diet: Consuming certain foods or drinks, such as coffee, tea, or alcohol, can cause bad breath due to their acidic properties.
8. Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause can lead to changes in the mouth's ecosystem and contribute to bad breath.
9. Dental appliances: Poorly fitting dentures, braces, or other dental appliances can contribute to bad breath.
10. Medications: Certain medications, such as antidepressants and antihistamines, can cause dry mouth and lead to bad breath.

Treatment for halitosis depends on the underlying cause and may include improved oral hygiene, antibiotics, mouthwashes, or other therapies. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

1. Tooth decay (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth enamel to break down, leading to holes in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease: An infection of the gums and bone that support the teeth, caused by bacteria.
3. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, usually caused by poor oral hygiene or smoking.
4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth, typically affecting people with weakened immune systems.
5. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: Viral infections that cause sores on the lips, tongue, or gums.
6. Cold sores: Caused by the herpes simplex virus, these are small, painful blisters that appear on the lips, nose, or mouth.
7. Canker sores: Small, shallow ulcers that develop on the inside of the mouth, tongue, lips, or gums.
8. Leukoplakia: A condition where thick, white patches form on the insides of the mouth, usually due to excessive tobacco use or other irritants.
9. Oral cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, or throat.
10. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A condition where the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can increase the risk of tooth decay and other problems.

These are just a few examples of mouth diseases. It's important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to help prevent these conditions and ensure early detection and treatment if they do occur.

There are several types of tooth loss, including:

1. Anterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more front teeth are missing.
2. Posterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more back teeth are missing.
3. Bilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on both sides of the dental arch.
4. Unilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on one side of the dental arch.
5. Complete tooth loss: This occurs when all teeth are missing from the dental arch.
6. Partial tooth loss: This occurs when only some teeth are missing from the dental arch.

Tooth loss can cause various problems such as difficulty chewing and biting food, speech difficulties, and changes in the appearance of the face and smile. It can also lead to other oral health issues such as shifting of the remaining teeth, bone loss, and gum recession.

Treatment options for tooth loss vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Some possible treatments include dentures, implants, bridges, and crowns. It is important to seek professional dental care if you experience any type of tooth loss to prevent further complications and restore oral health.

There are two types of fluorosis:

1. Mild fluorosis: This type is characterized by white or brown spots or streaks on the surface of the teeth.
2. Severe fluorosis: This type is characterized by pitting or roughening of the tooth enamel, which can lead to cavities or structural weakness in the teeth.

Fluorosis is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth. In some cases, X-rays may be used to assess the severity of the condition. There is no specific treatment for fluorosis, but there are ways to manage its symptoms. For mild cases, regular cleaning and polishing of the teeth can help remove any stains or discoloration. In severe cases, dental fillings or crowns may be necessary to restore the damaged teeth.

Preventing fluorosis is much easier than treating it, so it's important to take steps to limit your child's exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride. This includes:

* Using fluoride toothpaste in appropriate amounts (a pea-sized amount for children under 3 years old and a portion the size of a grain of rice for children 3-6 years old)
* Limiting the consumption of fluoridated drinks, such as bottled water or formula, especially for infants
* Using a fluoride-free toothpaste for children under 3 years old
* Monitoring your child's fluoride intake and consulting with your dentist or healthcare provider if you have concerns.

The exact etiology of BMS is still unknown, but it is believed to be related to several factors such as hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, allergies, psychological stress, and certain medications. The condition can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender, but it is more common among postmenopausal women.

The diagnosis of BMS is based on a thorough medical history and physical examination, as well as the exclusion of other potential causes of the symptoms. There is no specific laboratory test for BMS, but tests such as salivary flow rate, pH levels, and nutrient deficiencies may be performed to rule out other conditions.

Treatment options for BMS include:

1. Medications: antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, and pain relievers may be prescribed to manage symptoms.
2. Lifestyle modifications: avoiding spicy or acidic foods, drinking plenty of water, and practicing stress-reducing techniques such as meditation or yoga.
3. Nutritional supplements: vitamin B complex, folic acid, and iron may be recommended to address any underlying deficiencies.
4. Topical treatments: aloe vera gel, benzocaine gels, and capsaicin patches may provide relief from burning and pain.
5. Alternative therapies: acupuncture, hypnosis, and cognitive-behavioral therapy may be beneficial in managing symptoms and improving quality of life.

It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as BMS can have a significant impact on daily activities and overall well-being. A healthcare professional can help determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

The symptoms of an oral ulcer may include:

* Pain or discomfort when eating, speaking, or drinking
* Difficulty swallowing or eating
* Redness and swelling around the ulcer
* A burning sensation in the mouth
* Discharge of fluid from the ulcer

Oral ulcers can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

* Trauma to the mouth (e.g., biting the inside of the cheek)
* Infection with viruses or bacteria (e.g., herpes simplex virus, candida)
* Autoimmune disorders (e.g., lichen planus, lupus)
* Allergies to certain medications or foods
* Deficiencies in vitamins and minerals (e.g., vitamin B12 deficiency)

Treatment for an oral ulcer depends on the underlying cause, but may include:

* Pain relief medication (e.g., ibuprofen, acetaminophen)
* Antimicrobial medication to treat infection (e.g., antibiotics)
* Topical medications (e.g., anesthetics, anti-inflammatory agents)
* Dietary changes to avoid irritating foods or substances
* Good oral hygiene practices

It is important to seek medical attention if an oral ulcer does not heal within 2 weeks, bleeds frequently, or is accompanied by high fever, swollen lymph nodes, or difficulty swallowing.

Dental deposits refer to the accumulation of plaque, tartar, and other substances on the teeth and dental restorations. These deposits can lead to various oral health problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Dental deposits can be removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.

Types of Dental Deposits:

There are several types of dental deposits that can accumulate on the teeth and dental restorations, including:

1. Plaque: A sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
2. Tartar (calculus): A hard, yellowish deposit that forms on the teeth and dental restorations, made up of mineralized plaque.
3. Stains: Discoloration of the teeth due to various factors such as smoking, coffee, tea, or certain medications.
4. Biofilm: A complex community of microorganisms that adhere to the surfaces of the teeth and dental restorations, which can contribute to the development of periodontal disease.

Effects of Dental Deposits:

Dental deposits can have a significant impact on oral health if left untreated. Some of the effects of dental deposits include:

1. Tooth Decay: The accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth can lead to tooth decay, which can cause pain, sensitivity, and potentially lead to tooth loss.
2. Gum Disease: Plaque and tartar can also contribute to the development of gum disease, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and receding gums.
3. Bad Breath: Dental deposits can cause bad breath (halitosis), which can be embarrassing and affect an individual's self-confidence.
4. Tooth Discoloration: Stains on the teeth can cause discoloration, which can make the teeth appear yellow or brown.
5. Increased Risk of Dental Caries: Dental deposits can provide a conducive environment for the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which can increase the risk of dental caries.
6. Difficulty Chewing and Speaking: Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose or fall out, making it difficult to chew and speak properly.
7. Self-Esteem Issues: Poor oral health can affect an individual's self-esteem and confidence, which can impact their overall quality of life.
8. Systemic Diseases: There is evidence that suggests a link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.

Prevention of Dental Deposits:

Preventing dental deposits is essential for maintaining good oral health. Some ways to prevent dental deposits include:

1. Brushing and Flossing: Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, reducing the risk of dental deposits.
2. Dietary Changes: Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, drinking plenty of water, and consuming a balanced diet can help prevent the formation of dental deposits.
3. Professional Cleaning: Regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist can remove tartar and plaque that is difficult to remove with brushing and flossing alone.
4. Fluoride Treatment: Fluoride treatment can help strengthen teeth and prevent the formation of dental deposits.
5. Salivary Substitutes: For individuals with dry mouth, salivary substitutes can help stimulate saliva production and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
6. Oral Rinses: Using an oral rinse can help remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums.
7. Tobacco Cessation: Quitting tobacco use can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
8. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of dental deposits and prevent more serious problems from developing.

The main causes of periodontitis are poor oral hygiene, smoking, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. The symptoms of periodontitis include:

* Redness and swelling of the gums
* Bad breath
* Bleeding while brushing or flossing
* Pocket formation between the teeth and gums
* Loose teeth or changes in the bite
* Changes in the color or shape of the gums

If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to serious complications such as:

* Tooth loss
* Bone loss around the teeth
* Infection of the dental implant or prosthetic tooth
* Spread of bacteria to other parts of the body, leading to systemic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.

Periodontitis can be treated by a dentist or periodontist with a combination of non-surgical and surgical procedures, including:

* Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning of the teeth and roots)
* Antibiotics to treat infection
* Bone grafting to restore lost bone tissue
* Gum grafting to cover exposed roots
* Dental implants or prosthetic teeth to replace missing teeth.

It is important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, to prevent periodontitis. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of the disease and save teeth from being lost.

Gingival recession is a condition where the gums (gingiva) pull back or recede from the teeth, exposing the roots and increasing the risk of decay and sensitivity. It can be caused by various factors such as poor oral hygiene, smoking, grinding or clenching teeth, gum disease, or a misaligned bite.

Gingival recession can lead to tooth sensitivity and pain, and if left untreated, it can progress to more severe conditions such as periodontitis (gum infection) and tooth loss. Treatment options for gingival recession include deep cleaning, gum grafting, and changes to oral hygiene practices.

Gingival Recession Causes and Risk Factors:

Poor oral hygiene
Grinding or clenching teeth
Gum disease
Misaligned bite
Hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause)
Crooked teeth or teeth with large fillings
Teeth whitening products

Gingival Recession Symptoms:

Tooth sensitivity
Pain when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages
Redness, swelling, or bleeding of the gums
Exposure of the roots of the teeth
Darkening of the teeth due to root exposure
Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
Gum recession can also lead to:

Periodontitis (gum infection)
Tooth loss
Bone loss around the teeth
Increased risk of heart disease and stroke

Prevention and Treatment of Gingival Recession:

Good oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing once a day, and regular dental cleanings can help prevent gingival recession. Quitting smoking, reducing stress, and maintaining a healthy diet can also help prevent or slow the progression of the condition.

If you have gingival recession, your dentist may recommend:

Deep cleaning (scaling and root planing) to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and beneath the gum line
Gum grafting to cover exposed roots and protect the teeth
Medications such as antibiotics or pain relievers to treat any infections or discomfort
Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing stress, and improving your diet to help manage the condition.

If you suspect you have gingival recession, it is important to see a dentist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. With proper care and management, it is possible to prevent or slow the progression of the condition and maintain good oral health.

Gingival Overgrowth can cause a range of symptoms, including redness, swelling, bleeding, and sensitivity in the gums. It can also lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Treatment for Gingival Overgrowth typically involves a combination of professional dental cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to the patient's oral hygiene routine. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the excess tissue.

Gingival Overgrowth can be prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing regularly, and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings. Early detection and treatment of Gingival Overgrowth can help to prevent more severe complications and improve the overall health of the teeth and gums.

The most common symptoms of dental enamel hypoplasia are yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth, sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks, and an increased risk of cavities.

Treatment for dental enamel hypoplasia typically involves restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or veneers to repair and protect the affected teeth. In severe cases, extraction of the damaged teeth may be necessary. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene practices, a balanced diet, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and excessive sugars can also help manage the condition.

Early detection and treatment of dental enamel hypoplasia are crucial to prevent further damage and improve the appearance and function of the teeth. Dentists may use specialized techniques such as radiographs and clinical examinations to diagnose this condition and recommend appropriate treatments.

Etymology: [O.E. mund, mouth + L. dentatus, toothed.]

Synonyms: Toothless mouth.

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913

In layman's terms, this definition is saying that a mouth, edentulous refers to a mouth without teeth. This can be due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, injury, or other factors. The term is used in the medical field, specifically in dentistry, to describe a patient who requires dentures or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth.

In conclusion, mouth, edentulous is a medical term used to describe a toothless mouth, and it is commonly used in dentistry to identify patients who require dentures or other prosthetic devices to restore their dental health.

It is common for people with poor oral hygiene habits, smokers or those with systemic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease to experience periodontal attachment loss. It can also be a consequence of aging, as the supporting bone and gum tissue around the teeth can degenerate over time.

There are several risk factors for periodontal attachment loss, including:

* Poor oral hygiene habits
* Smoking
* Systemic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease
* Genetic predisposition
* Poor diet
* Inadequate salivary flow
* Malocclusion (bad bite)

There are several treatment options available for periodontal attachment loss, including:

* Scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning of the teeth and beneath the gum line)
* Guided tissue regeneration (a surgical procedure to promote new bone growth)
* Bone grafting (a surgical procedure to repair or replace damaged bone)
* Dental implants (artificial tooth roots that are placed in the jawbone to support a dental crown or bridge)

It is important to note that periodontal attachment loss can be prevented with proper oral hygiene habits, regular dental check-ups and prompt treatment of any oral health issues.

The condition is characterized by the excessive growth of gum tissue, which can lead to:

1. Redness and swelling of the gums
2. Bleeding while brushing or flossing
3. Bad breath (halitosis)
4. Pocket formation between the teeth and gums
5. Gum recession
6. Tooth loss

Gingival hyperplasia can be treated by addressing the underlying cause, improving oral hygiene, and undergoing scaling and root planing procedures to remove plaque and tartar. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove excess gum tissue and restore the natural contours of the mouth.

It is important for individuals to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and receiving regular dental cleanings to prevent gingival hyperplasia and other gum diseases. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of the condition and restore the health of the teeth and gums.

Tooth erosion can lead to sensitive teeth, pain, and discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages. In severe cases, it can cause teeth to appear yellow or brown, become brittle and prone to breaking, or even result in tooth loss.

To prevent tooth erosion, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing, avoiding acidic foods and drinks, and using a fluoride-based toothpaste can help protect teeth from acid wear. Dental sealants or varnishes may also be applied to the teeth to provide extra protection against erosion.

If tooth erosion has already occurred, dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to repair damaged teeth. In severe cases, teeth may need to be extracted and replaced with dental implants or bridges.

Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.

Also known as:

* Denture stomatitis
* Mucositis
* Gingivostomatitis

Causes and risk factors:

* Ill-fitting dentures
* Poor dental hygiene
* Smoking
* Diabetes
* Old age


* Pain or discomfort in the mouth
* Ulcers on the gums and inner cheeks
* Difficulty eating or speaking
* Redness and swelling of the gums


* Physical examination of the mouth and dentures
* Medical history review
* Blood tests to rule out underlying conditions


* Fitting a new denture or relining the existing one to improve fit
* Improving dental hygiene habits
* Antibiotics for bacterial infections
* Pain relief medication


* Regular dental check-ups and cleaning of dentures
* Proper fit and maintenance of dentures
* Good oral hygiene practices

Note that this is a general overview of the topic, and it's always best to consult with a medical professional for specific advice.

VAP is a serious complication of mechanical ventilation and can lead to severe illness, organ failure, and death. The risk of developing VAP is increased in patients who are ventilated for longer periods of time, have underlying medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or sepsis, or have invasive medical devices such as central lines or urinary catheters.

The diagnosis of VAP is based on a combination of clinical and laboratory findings, including fever, purulent respiratory secretions, and evidence of lung infection on chest radiographs or computed tomography (CT) scans. Treatment typically involves administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics and supportive care, such as mechanical ventilation and fluid management.

Prevention of VAP is an important goal in critical care medicine, and strategies to reduce the risk of developing VAP include:

1. Early recognition and treatment of respiratory tract infections
2. Proper hand hygiene and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by healthcare workers
3. Regular cleaning and disinfection of medical devices and equipment
4. Use of selective digestive decontamination (SDD) with antibiotics and probiotics to reduce the risk of colonization of the respiratory tract by pathogenic bacteria
5. Avoiding invasive medical procedures whenever possible, and using alternative methods when feasible.

The incidence of VAP has been declining in recent years due to improved infection control practices and the use of evidence-based guidelines for prevention and treatment. However, VAP remains a significant challenge in critical care medicine, and ongoing research is needed to develop more effective strategies for prevention and treatment.

Causes and risk factors:

* Poor oral hygiene
* Smoking
* Genetics
* Hormonal changes
* Malnutrition
* Diabetes
* Obesity


* Gum redness, swelling, and bleeding
* Pockets between the teeth and gums
* Bad breath
* Loose teeth or teeth that have moved out of their sockets
* Changes in the shape of the gum line


* Physical examination of the teeth and gums
* X-rays or other imaging tests to assess bone loss and other changes
* Blood tests to check for underlying conditions such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease


* Professional scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning of the teeth)
* Antibiotics to control infection
* Surgery to remove infected tissue or repair damaged bone
* Changes to oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing more frequently


* Good oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing regularly
* Regular dental check-ups and cleanings
* Avoiding smoking and other harmful habits
* Maintaining a healthy diet and getting enough exercise


* With proper treatment and good oral hygiene, the condition can be managed and teeth can be saved.
* Without treatment, the condition can progress and lead to tooth loss.


* Tooth loss
* Bone loss
* Infection of other parts of the body (sepsis)
* Heart disease
* Stroke

Note: This definition is a general overview of chronic periodontitis and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. If you suspect you have chronic periodontitis, it is important to consult with a dentist or other qualified healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

1. Congenital abnormalities: These are present at birth and may be caused by genetic factors or environmental influences during fetal development. Examples include hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth), hyperdontia (extra teeth), or anodontia (absence of all teeth).
2. Acquired abnormalities: These can occur at any time during life, often as a result of trauma, infection, or other conditions. Examples include tooth decay, gum disease, or tooth wear and tear.
3. Developmental abnormalities: These occur during the development of teeth and may be caused by genetic factors, nutritional deficiencies, or exposure to certain medications or chemicals. Examples include enamel hypoplasia (thinning of tooth enamel) or peg-shaped teeth.
4. Structural abnormalities: These are irregularities in the shape or structure of teeth, such as anomalies in the size, shape, or position of teeth. Examples include crowded or misaligned teeth, or teeth that do not erupt properly.
5. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a bacterial infection that causes the breakdown of tooth structure, often leading to cavities and tooth loss if left untreated.
6. Periodontal disease: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, including the gums and bone, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
7. Tooth wear: This refers to the wear and tear of teeth over time, often due to habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding) or acid reflux.
8. Dental anomalies: These are rare, genetic conditions that affect the development and structure of teeth, such as peg-shaped teeth or geminated teeth (two teeth fused together).

These are just a few examples of tooth abnormalities, and there are many more conditions that can affect the health and appearance of teeth. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any issues early on to ensure good oral health.

It is also known as mouth inflammation.

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Mobley, Eugenia L. (1964). "Testing the Oral Hygiene Index; Its Use in Epidemiological Studies*". Journal of Public Health ... "Testing the oral hygiene index; its use in epidemiological studies" (1964) "Is dental health education the answer?" (1967, with ... She oversaw Meharry's outreach for oral cancer prevention. She was a charter member of the Nashville chapter of The Links. ... "Meharry Provides Program To Combat Oral Cancer", Chicago Daily Defender (01 Nov 1969): 5. via ProQuest "Social and Personal". ...
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A toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument. Toothbrush may also refer to: Toothbrush moustache, a moustache style "Toothbrush ...
Periodontal destruction is also slowed due to the extensive oral care. Intensive oral hygiene care (oral health education plus ... age osteoporosis low dental care utilization poor oral hygiene overly aggressive oral hygiene such as brushing with stiff ... Overall, intensive oral hygiene care has been shown to improve gingival health in individuals with well-controlled type 2 ... Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene; however, without treatment, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, in which ...
increasing public and professional oral hygiene knowledge. several programs; Smiles for Seniors: an oral health program ... The aims of the ODA are to improve oral hygiene and strengthen dentistry in Ohio. These aims are achieved by: providing ...
Henry Colin Davis, Director, Oral Hygiene Service. Arthur James Day, B.E.M., Director-General, Institute of Export. For ... Norman Lester Rowe, Consultant in Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, The Westminster Hospital, London. Robert Scott, Director, ...
"Pain and swelling after periapical surgery related to oral hygiene and smoking". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, ... A patient's oral hygiene must be considered; poor oral hygiene increases the risk of infection and impairs healing of the ... poor oral hygiene, or smoking. Prevention of infection is promoted by advising the patient to maintain oral hygiene and the use ... Oral hygiene and overall dental condition indicates the patient's motivation for treatment and the tooth's restorative ...
It is associated with poor oral hygiene; oral infections and decreased saliva production. Symptoms include fever, dehydration, ... Review] Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology & Endodontics. 93(3):221-37, 2002. eMedicine (Articles with ... Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology. 105 (3): 365-370. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2007.08 ... The duct orifice normally functions as a valve to prevent air from entering the gland from a pressurized oral cavity. Rarely, ...
Oral-B: a brand of the Procter & Gamble company. Oral-B is an American brand of oral hygiene products, including toothpastes, ... Binaca: an oral hygiene brand that is marketed in India and owned by Dabur. BlueM: a leading oral health brand based in The ... Toothpaste is used to promote oral hygiene; it functions as an abrasive agent that helps to remove dental plaque and food from ... Sozodont: a popular brand of oral hygiene product from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. According to ...
... is used to promote oral hygiene: it is an abrasive that aids in removing dental plaque and food from the teeth, ... Weinert W (2005). "Oral Hygiene Products". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/ ... van der Weijden F, Slot DE (February 2011). "Oral hygiene in the prevention of periodontal diseases: the evidence". ... dentifrice that can be of significant value when used in a conscientiously applied program of oral hygiene and regular ...
Treatment involves good oral hygiene and regular professional teeth cleaning. Recommended oral hygiene include daily brushing ... on the person's oral hygiene at home, as well as on the go. Without daily oral hygiene, periodontal disease will not be ... The primary cause of gingivitis is poor or ineffective oral hygiene, which leads to the accumulation of a mycotic and bacterial ... Persons with dexterity problems, such as with arthritis, may find oral hygiene to be difficult and may require more frequent ...
... oral thrush and Vincent's angina; postoperative hygiene following tonsillectomy, throat or oral surgery. Hexetidine is not the ... Kapić E, Becić F, Becić E (2002). "Hexetidine--an oral antiseptic". Med Arh. 56 (1): 43-8. PMID 11917691. https://www. ...
The role of oral bacteria and oral hygiene". J Am Dent Assoc. 137 Suppl: 21S-25S. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.2006.0400. PMID ... Terpenning M (June 2005). "Geriatric oral health and pneumonia risk". Clin. Infect. Dis. 40 (12): 1807-10. doi:10.1086/430603. ... Azarpazhooh A, Leake JL (September 2006). "Systematic review of the association between respiratory diseases and oral health". ... "Reducing the risk of aspiration pneumonia among elderly patients in long-term care facilities through oral health interventions ...
Oral Hygiene And Common Dental Problems, in English. Mee Chirunavvunu Saridhidukondi-Comprehensive Dental Care and Education, ...
The education program emphasizes good oral hygiene, proper nutrition, and the need for periodic visits to the dentist. The ... The sole purpose of the educational, prevention and curative oral health activities under the School Oral Health Program is to ... Charting and Oral Examination Oral Prophylaxis Fluoride Application Scaling OHI and Tooth brushing Fissure Sealant P.R.R. Liner ... SOHP (School Oral Health Program) is a health program of Kuwait run by The Forsyth Institute, Boston, USA. and The Ministry of ...
Cibaca is an oral hygiene brand in India. Originally owned by Ciba Geigy which marketed Cibaca toothpastes and toothbrushes, ... Brands of toothpaste, Oral hygiene, Colgate-Palmolive brands, Indian brands). ... Companies portal List of toothpaste brands Index of oral health and dental articles Binaca (brand) Chandrasekar. Marketing ...
"Oral Hygiene Clinic to Treat 1,500 Downtown Children." The New York Times. 22 February 1926. p. 19; "Bowling Green Clinic ...
Oral rehydration solutions are the preferred fluids to drink, although other drinks without caffeine or alcohol can help. ... Heijne JC, Teunis P, Morroy G, Wijkmans C, Oostveen S, Duizer E, Kretzschmar M, Wallinga J (2009). "Enhanced Hygiene Measures ... The virus is usually spread by the fecal-oral route. This may be through contaminated food or water or person-to-person contact ... Transmission routes are fecal-oral and contamination. When a person becomes infected with norovirus, the virus replicates ...
"Oral hygiene habits, denture cleanliness, presence of yeasts and stomatitis in elderly people". Journal of Oral Rehabilitation ...
Particularly problematic are toilet practices, which lead to the fecal-oral route. STDs are by definition spread through this ... Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 111 (6): 261-269. doi:10.1093/trstmh/trx046. PMC 6257029. ... "Sustained fecal-oral human-to-human transmission following a zoonotic event". Current Opinion in Virology. 22: 1-6. doi:10.1016 ... The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 73 (2): 428-34. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2005.73.428. PMID 16103616. Cook, ...
Oral hygiene, Dental equipment, Products introduced in 1992). ... An additional study showed that while both Sonicare and Oral B ... for Oral B. In regards to probing depth, Sonicare showed a mean reduction of 0.84 mm from baseline at 6 months, while Oral B ... A few months later Optiva Corporation changed its name to Philips Oral Healthcare, Inc. By the end of 2001, Sonicare had become ... Warren, PR; Cugini, MA; Chater, BV; Strate, J (December 2004). "A review of the clinical efficacy of the Oral-B oscillating/ ...
The combined oral contraceptive pill was first approved in 1960 for contraceptive use in the United States. "The Pill" helped ... "Public power, private matters: The American Social Hygiene Association and the policing of sexual health in the Progressive era ... The State's crime against nature by solicitation law is used when a person is accused of engaging in oral or anal sex in ... Purity and Hygiene: Women, Prostitution, and the "American Plan," 1900-1930 (Greenwood Press, 2002). Ringdal, Nils Johan. Love ...
Because the mouth is a gateway to the respiratory and digestive tracts, oral health has a significant impact on other health ... Diseases of despair Effects of poverty on mental health Health equity Hygiene hypothesis Inequality in disease Social ... Poverty is a significant determinant for oral health. Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. In ... DYE B (2010). "Trends in Oral Health by Poverty Status as Measured by Healthy People 2010 Objectives". Public Health Reports. ...
Yildiz, Mustafa; Oral, Baha (2006-06-01). "The effect of pregnancy and lactation on bone mineral density in fluoride-exposed ... artificial sweeteners and domestic hygiene products on the human gut microbiome and its fibre fermentation capacity". European ... Silver diamine fluoride is contraindicated in patients having silver allergy, oral ulcerations and severe gum disease. These ... Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 26 (4): 241-248. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0528.1998.tb01957.x. hdl:2027.42/75437. ISSN ...
Loskill P, Zeitz C, Grandthyll S, Thewes N, Müller F, Bischoff M, Herrmann M, Jacobs K (May 2013). "Reduced adhesion of oral ... Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. De Gruyter. 50 (3): 289-97. PMID 10649845. "Selenium-Fact Sheet for Health ...
The candidal load in the mouth can be reduced by improving oral hygiene measures, such as regular toothbrushing and use of anti ... Oral swabs are taken if culture is required. Some recommend that swabs be taken from 3 different oral sites. Oral rinse ... Oral candidiasis, also known as oral thrush among other names, is candidiasis that occurs in the mouth. That is, oral ... Special investigations to detect the presence of candida species include oral swabs, oral rinse or oral smears. Smears are ...
In 1941, at age 19, Willer discovered she was a lesbian during a nursing class lecture about mental hygiene. The lecture ... an oral history. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 9780060167080. (Articles with short description, Short description is different ...
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017. "New Yorkers are living longer, ... "Interview with David Baltimore", Caltech Oral Histories, October - November 2009. Accessed August 19, 2017. "Baltimore: We did ...
Bacterial colonization: Poor oral hygiene can result in colonization of the mouth with excessive amounts of bacteria, which is ... There are also many contributory factors such as poor oral hygiene, high dependency levels for being positioned and fed, as ... They make up the majority of normal oral flora and the presence of putrid fluid in the lungs is highly suggestive of aspiration ... Studies showed that the net reduction of oral bacteria was associated with a decrease in both incidence of aspiration pneumonia ...
Many approaches had been made to the Oral Health Foundation over the years by companies wishing to accredit oral hygiene ... "A-Z Oral Health Information". OHF. February 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2018. Oral Health Foundation Official site Oral Health ... "Approved Products". Oral Health Foundation. Retrieved 22 March 2022. "Accredited Oral-B products". Oral Health Foundation. ... and aims to help the public improve their oral health and hygiene through a range of activities run under the name of the Oral ...
The College of Dental Medicine, which is housed in the $14.5 million Oral Health Center, graduated its first class in 2017. It ... in Dental Hygiene, and B.S. in Nursing; as well as graduate and doctorate degrees such as Master of Science in Athletic ... it offers opportunities for students to treat patients in UNE's Oral Health Center during their first three years and at ...
Aldridge, Pete (29 May 2009). "NASA Headquarters Oral History Project, Edited Oral History Transcript: Edward C. "Pete" ... the hygiene/waste compartment; Bay 4, the biochemical test console and work station; Bays 5 and 6, the airlock; and Bay 7, a ... A book by the Center for the Study of National Reconnaissance oral historian Courtney V.K. Homer about the MOL program, Spies ...
Phenols are most commonly used in oral mouth washes and household cleaning agents. They are active against a wide range of ... food and hygiene production, pharmaceutical industries, bottling plants, zoos, municipal drinking-water systems, swimming pools ... Phenolics such as fentichlore, an antibacterial and antifungal agent are used as an oral treatment for fungal infections. ...
Some hygiene practices that result from "a lack of clean water" can cause cases of typhoid and diarrhea. Lack of available ... Until this time, the Basotho customs and laws were passed down from generation to generation through oral tradition. The ...
The oral vaccines are generally of two forms: inactivated and attenuated. Inactivated oral vaccines provide protection in 52 ... However, since it does not provide 100 percent immunity from the disease, food hygiene precautions are also recommended when ... "Dukoral suspension and effervescent granules for oral suspension, Cholera vaccine (inactivated, oral) - Summary of Product ... With the oral vaccine, two or three doses are typically recommended. The duration of protection is two years in adults and six ...
Reassurance that the condition is benign, elimination of precipitating factors and improving oral hygiene are considered ... the continuing need for oral medicine". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology. 91 (1 ... Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology. 98 (5): 553-65. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2003.12. ... Oral LP usually resolve upon removal of the trigger, as is characteristics of oral LP Viral infection Oral LP is considered to ...
... oral hygiene instruction and the uses of mouth rinses and pain medication. If there is systemic involvement, then oral ... Predisposing factors include poor oral hygiene, smoking, poor nutrition, psychological stress, and a weakened immune system. ... and improving oral hygiene to prevent recurrence. Although the condition has a rapid onset and is debilitating, it usually ... Scully, Crispian (2008). Oral and maxillofacial medicine : the basis of diagnosis and treatment (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill ...
Women were previously only admitted into the dental hygiene program, which trained them to become dental assistants. Throughout ... oral surgery; and prosthetic dentistry. Dr. William N. Cogan was elected as the school's first dean. In 1920, the first X-ray ... with the acquisition by Georgetown of the Washington Dental College and the Hospital of Oral Surgery on Massachusetts Avenue. ...
Milton, Joseph Rosenau (1913). Preventive Medicine and Hygiene. D. Appleton. p. 119. Inskeep, Steve; Godoy, Maria (11 June 2013 ... Oral Microbiol. Immunol. 20 (4): 221-225. doi:10.1111/j.1399-302X.2005.00216.x. PMID 15943766. Ward, Mark (8 March 2006). " ...
Hennet, P.H.; Servet, E.; Venet, C. (2006). "Effectiveness of an Oral Hygiene Chew to Reduce Dental Deposits in Small Breed ... Some diets, chews and/or other oral products may also strive to receive approval by the Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC) ... Oral disease is one of the most common diseases found in dogs. It is caused by the buildup of various anaerobic bacteria in the ... The oral cavity of dogs can be exposed to a variety of bacteria, parasites and viruses from their environment and it is not ...
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology. 22(2): 252-256. Royster, R. L., King, E. R., Ebersole, J., DeGiorgi, L. S., & ... Ebersole, John H. (1957). Radiation Hygiene: Aboard Nuclear Submarines. American Industrial Hygiene Association Quarterly. 18(4 ...
The oral history of Niutao recalls that in the 15th century Tongan warriors were defeated in a battle on the reef of Niutao. ... hygiene and sanitation. During World War II the hospital on Fongafale atoll was dismantled as the American forces built an ... The oral history of Niutao also recalls that during the 17th century warriors invaded from the islands of Kiribati on two ... he recorded an oral history of Funafuti given by Erivara, the chief of Funafuti, which he published as The Legendary History of ...
Girls may lack knowledge of menstrual hygiene since the subject is taboo. An intervention in four districts of Southern ... of grade 3 children below the expected oral reading fluency rate. Low reading ability related to accessibility of a language ... Efforts are also done in rural schools to establish change rooms for girls handling menstrual hygiene. Ethiopian government ... Tsegaye, Zinash; Tamiru, S.; Kitaba, A.; Getachew, F. (2011). "Towards a local solution for menstrual hygiene management in ...
Other aspects of cat behaviour that are deemed advantageous for the human-cat bond are cat hygiene (cats are known for good ... Relaxing cat Stretching cat Yawning cat Yawning kitten Alert cat Tense cat Fearful cat Terrified cat Oral grooming for domestic ... hygiene), they do not have to be taken outside (use of the litter box), they are perfect for smaller spaces, and they have no ...
If oral hygiene is not supported and periodontal disease develops, the overall health of the animal is affected. Oral disease ... "The impact of home-prepared diets and home oral hygiene on oral health in cats and dogs". British Journal of Nutrition. 106 ... Dietary selection, along with at-home-dental-hygiene care, allows cat owners to influence the oral status of their pets. Feline ... Oral health can be difficult for pet owners and veterinary teams to manage in cats, particularly for pets whose owners are not ...
Oral Radiology, and Endodontology. 103 (6): 788. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2007.02.033. Orahealth RDH Magazine for Dental Hygiene ... "Cankermelts Oral Patches with Licorice Extract Reduce Pain and Speed Resolution of Aphthous Ulcers". Oral Surgery, Oral ... National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research funded study at the University of Washington showed oral patches with ...
Tooth brushing and personal hygiene can prevent oral infections.[citation needed] Health-related self-care topics include; ... Rather than taking oral medicine daily, an inhaler is needed for quick rescue and relief of symptoms. Knowing to choose the ... A lack of self-care in terms of personal health, hygiene and living conditions is referred to as self-neglect. The use of ... File:USDA Food Pyramid.gif,Food pyramid Hygiene is another important part of self-care maintenance. Hygienic behaviors include ...
Hygiene-related Diseases. Information from the CDC about how good oral hygiene can help prevent tooth decay. ... If you protect your oral health with good oral hygiene practices (brushing and flossing), the odds are in your favor you can ... Adult Oral Health. Information and oral health tips from the CDC.. *Oral Health for Older Americans. Information and tips from ... Oral Hygiene Research from the NIDCR. *. Researchers Call in a Swarm of Tiny, Tooth-Scrubbing Robots ...
Basics of Oral Health plus icon *Childrens Oral Healthplus icon *Resources ... What is hand hygiene? Hand hygiene is a way of cleaning ones hands that substantially reduces potential pathogens (harmful ... Federal Agency Reports on Oral Healthplus icon *Oral Health in America: Advances and Challenges ... About the Division of Oral Healthplus icon *Healthy People 2030: Oral Health Objectives ...
oral hygiene. The 5 Best Mouthwashes. Keeping your breath fresh and clean isnt easy, but it can be. Just use any of these ...
The connection between oral and overall health is undeniable, and orthodontics plays a vital role in maintaining both.… ...
... May 20, 2018. One dentist in Mesa wants to share with you a few really fun and interesting ... facts about oral hygiene that you probably didnt know. Since there are so many myths surrounding dental hygiene, you probably ... Lets take a look at seven really interesting facts about oral hygiene. ... is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon, the Amazon logo, AmazonSupply, and the AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of, Inc. or its affiliates ...
This is a family guide to oral health which includes 4 steps to a bright smile, how to brush & floss, details about flouride, ... As a parent, you can work with your children to help them understand why good oral care is important - and show them how to do ... Its easy to guide your family toward good oral health. All it takes is the right information and a little practice to keep ...
... Today the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in ... Sitting in the background is the Supreme Courts … Continue reading SCA Hygiene Laches Oral Arguments: How Do we Interpret ... SCA Hygiene Laches Oral Arguments: How Do we Interpret Congressional Silence?,/a,,/blockquote, ,script type=text/javascript ... SCA Hygiene Laches Oral Arguments: How Do we Interpret Congressional Silence?” — Patently-O frameborder=0 ...
A smiling and healthy me: a campaign on oral hygiene for health promoting schools  ... Guidelines on oral health : a manual for health personnel  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ... Browsing Information products by Subject "Oral Hygiene". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V ...
Off-grid oral hygiene. Wednesday, January 31, 2018 by: Jhoanna Robinson Tags: dentistry, Gear, goodhealth, mouthwash, oral ... We have just presented some of the best ways for you to maintain your oral hygiene even during the toughest of times. Remember ... One of such applications is in the field of oral hygiene. When you use salt as toothpaste, in moderation, of course, it can ...",Dont forget your toothbrush ...
Oral Hygiene Chews For Cats vs. Greenies Pill Pockets with a detailed product breakdown. Visit PetMeds to save on Treats ... Flea & Tick Prevention Flea Pills & Oral Medications Heartworm & Flea Prevention Home & Yard Treatments View All ... Flea & Tick Prevention Flea Pills & Oral Medications Heartworm & Flea Prevention Home & Yard Treatments View All ...
Statistics from the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons indicate that about 70 percent of adults between 35 ... Home/Tag: oral hygiene. Tag Archives: oral hygiene The Benefits of Dentures Vs. Dental implants 28/07/2020 Health Comments Off ...
Schein infection control inflammation insurance marketing Medicaid online oral cancer Oral health Oral healthcare oral hygiene ... Poor Oral Hygiene May Lead to Metabolic Syndrome Dentistry Today January 13, 20212 Mins read2.1k Views ... Periodontal bacteria have long been known to cause inflammation within the oral cavity, but also systemically increase ... Next post Video Laryngoscopy Speeds Up Nasotracheal Intubation in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery ...
Home oral hygiene revisited. Options and evidence Alberto Sicilia et al. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2003. ... Home oral hygiene revisited. Options and evidence Alberto Sicilia 1 , Ignacio Arregui, Montserrat Gallego, Blanca Cabezas, ... Comparison of the use of different modes of mechanical oral hygiene in prevention of plaque and gingivitis. Rosema NA, ... Comparison of different approaches of interdental oral hygiene: interdental brushes versus dental floss. Christou V, Timmerman ...
Nutrition and Oral Hygiene. Dovie Salais September 29, 2020 Several different nutritional deficiencies can increase the ... Malnutrition can not only be affected by compromised oral health but can also exert its effects on an individuals oral health ... oral mucosa diseases, oral cancer, and various infectious diseases. ... Nutrition and oral health. A well-balanced diet that is high in micronutrients and macronutrients has beneficial effects on ...
... vative Alcohol-Free Pet Dental Spray. Oxyfresh, the ... Oxyfresh Makes Pet Oral Hygiene Simple, Convenient With Launch of Innovative Alcohol-Free Pet Dental Spray ... Oxyfresh Announces Distribution Agreement with Legend Pet Supplies Reading Oxyfresh Makes Pet Oral Hygiene Simple, Convenient ... Maintaining the oral health of the pet is one of the keys to maintaining a pets overall health and this new product provides ...
Although some oral hygiene interventions for people with ID show benefits, the clinical importance of these benefits is unclear ... can have poor oral hygiene and oral health outcomes. Objectives: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of oral hygiene ... Oral hygiene interventions for people with intellectual disabilities Catherine Waldron 1 , June Nunn, Caoimhin Mac Giolla ... Oral hygiene interventions for people with intellectual disabilities Catherine Waldron et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 ...
UMKC School of Dentistry Promote Oral Hygiene As Part Of MLK Day of Service. Students, faculty, staff and church create 1,000 ...
The Central Minnesota Heart Center at St. Cloud Hospital also known as MN Heart is a comprehensive cardiac care center dedicated to the discovery, management and control of cardiac disease in the adult population. The Heart Center is committed to providing excellent patient care, attracting high-caliber staff and developing state-of-the-art facilities.. ...
Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for a healthy lifestyle, and using dental floss is an integral part of it. Flossing ... The purpose of this blog is to educate dental patients on oral health conditions, dental procedures & oral hygiene. Dr. Marina ... 4. Oral-B Glide Pro-Health Comfort Plus Floss: This floss from oral care giant, Oral-B, features a mint flavor and silky ... Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for a healthy lifestyle, and using dental floss is an integral part of it. Flossing ...
... teach an oral hygiene class for schoolchildren and teachers in... ... U.S. Army Civil Affairs Soldiers conduct oral hygiene class in ... teach an oral hygiene class for schoolchildren and teachers in partnership with the Association des Femmes de Wea in Wea, ... The class served to establish and reinforce proper dental health care, both informing children on how to prevent oral decay and ...
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Tags: Colgate, Contest, Fresh Breath, Oral Hygiene. Sign Up. for our weekly newsletter to find out about art happenings, film ... Worst of all, my commitment to my oral hygiene begins to waver. Sure, I still brush my teeth, but not nearly as thoroughly (as ... CONTEST: Step Up Your Oral Hygiene with a #ColgateDailyRepair Prize Pack. shedoesthecity July 20, 2016 ...
Monsters whose oral hygiene is questionable after the egregious suggestion they made regarding this topic:. Add toothpaste to a ...
What unobrush™ brings to the table is a new way of taking care of your oral hygiene. In a matter of just 10 seconds, you will ... Tagged With: dental, Dental Care, dental health, dentist, Electric Toothbrush, Oral Hygiene, tooth decay, tooth whitening, ... An Ambitious Step Forward Towards the Future of Oral Hygiene. Modified on April 30, 2021. at 3:01 PM. ... Maintenance, functionality, and oral hygiene have never been this easy with the revolutionizing unobrush™. If you want to share ...
Encore: Money, Canoes or Oral Hygiene: Finding the Key to Happiness By Charity Nebbe, ...
... ... Click here for more formulas It was accelerated by Apple the largest online general and oral pathology for dental hygiene of ... As discovered in a audio AP online general and oral pathology for dental hygiene practice, the United States and Russia hope ... back, it is the online general and oral pathology for dental of the ethno-linguistic. story addresses traditional in trying any ...
Thats why its clinically proven to improve overall oral hygiene by 140%. All users report whiter, brighter teeth and a ... Thats why its clinically proven to improve overall oral hygiene by 140%. All users report whiter, brighter teeth and a ... Designed for complete oral care. The front of the 360° brush head cleans teeth and gums. The back cleans cheeks and tongue. ... Designed for complete oral care. The front of the 360° brush head cleans teeth and gums. The back cleans cheeks and tongue. ...
Knowledge of the oral hygiene status of target populations is important and the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) was ... The oral hygiene index: a method for classifying oral hygiene status. Journal of the American Dental Association, 1960, 61:172- ... had fair oral hygiene than the boys (65.3%) (P , 0.001) and fewer had poor oral hygiene (26.7% versus 31.6%) (Table 1). The ... poor oral hygiene. The overall level of oral hygiene in the schoolchildren surveyed was fair (mean DI-S score 1.5). ...
... and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. ... cutting-edge information designed to support the highest level of oral health care. ... Dimensions of Dental Hygiene is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nations ... Be the first to review "The Oral Use of Transmucosal Drug Delivery CE" Cancel reply. Your email address will not be published. ...

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