Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Tooth DiseasesHealth Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Mouth DiseasesDental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Dentures: An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Geriatric Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.BrazilCommunity Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Gingival DiseasesDental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.North CarolinaHealth Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Diagnostic Self Evaluation: A self-evaluation of health status.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Halitosis: An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.IndiaFocal Infection, Dental: Secondary or systemic infections due to dissemination throughout the body of microorganisms whose primary focus of infection lies in the periodontal tissues.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Mentally Disabled Persons: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Infant Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Great BritainLeadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health ... In the United Kingdom three months of medication costs the NHS about 2.70 pounds. In the United States it costs about 25 to 50 ... USD per month. It is marketed under a large number of brand names. Mestranol/norethisterone Oral contraceptive formulations " ... "WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (19th List)" (PDF). World Health Organization. April 2015. Archived (PDF) from the ...
... acceptability of the technique and outcomes at 23 months. BMC Oral Health. 2007;7(1):18. Foster L. Acceptability of the Hall ... "The Australian and New Zealand journal of dental and oral health therapy / ADOHTA, New Zealand Dental Therapist' Association ... acceptability of the technique and outcomes at 23 months BMC Oral Health 2007 7:18. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6831/7/18 ... Australian and New Zealand Journal of DENTAL AND ORAL HEALTH THERAPY. ISSN 2200-3584. EA, O'Sullivan; ME, Curzon (1991-07-01 ...
... for more than 4 months has not been studied. On April 1, 2008, Progenics and Wyeth announced that Health Canada has approved ... Methylnaltrexone is being developed in subcutaneous and oral forms to treat opioid induced constipation (OIC). The use of ... Yuan CS and Foss JF (2000). "Oral Methylnaltrexone for Opioid-Induced Constipation". JAMA. 284 (11): 1383-1384. doi:10.1001/ ... drug which also reduces some side effects of opioids without significantly affecting analgesia when used in small oral doses 6β ...
van der Maarel-Wierink, CD; Vanobbergen, JN; Bronkhorst, EM; Schols, JM; de Baat, C (6 March 2012). "Oral health care and ... recommends yearly influenza vaccination for every person 6 months and older. Immunizing health care workers decreases the risk ... In the frail elderly good oral health care may lower the risk of aspiration pneumonia. Zinc supplementation in children 2 ... Health care-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is an infection associated with recent exposure to the health care system, including ...
Oral cholera vaccines were first introduced in the 1990s and oral cholera vaccine is on the World Health Organization's List of ... The duration of protection is two years in adults and 6 months in children aged 2-5 years. A single dose vaccine is available ... Oral cholera vaccines in mass immunization campaigns: guidance for planning and use (PDF). World Health Organization. 2010. ... "Oral cholera vaccine stockpile". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 18 ...
Scarpino, Philip (October 31, 2014). "Margaret Wheatley Oral History Interview, Audio, Transcripts, Oral History, Research". ... Wheatley retreats annually for two months to Gampo Abbey, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Nova Scotia, with her teacher, Pema ... Margaret J. Wheatley, President, The Berkana Institute at National Public Health Leadership Institute. Accessed April 10, 2013 ... "Meg Wheatley leader of the month". www.leadernetwork.org. Retrieved 2017-12-27. John W. Collins; Leslie F. DiBona (1 January ...
The World Health Organization recommends three or four doses starting at two months of age. It can be begun earlier but then ... The oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961. They are on the World Health ... Sabin's oral vaccine using live virus came into commercial use in 1961. Once Sabin's oral vaccine became widely available, it ... Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is an attenuated vaccine, produced by the passage of the virus through non-human cells at a sub- ...
"Antiobesity effects of Isaria sinclairii by repeated oral treatment in obese Zucker rats over a 4-month period". Journal of ... Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A. 70 (15-16): 1395-1401. Fungi portal ARS Collection of Entomopathogenic Fungal ... Under its trade name Gilenya, fingolimod was approved by the FDA in 2010 as the first oral drug for treating the autoimmune ...
Each time when checking the blood sugar level, keep a proper record of the results and present to the health care team for ... Experts advise diabetics to maintain blood sugar level close to normal range for 2 to 3 months before planning for pregnancy. ... Insulin may be needed for type 2 diabetics instead of oral diabetes medication. Extra insulin may be needed for type 1 ... Managing blood sugar close to normal before and during pregnancy helps to protect the health of mother and the baby. ...
Oral tradition holds that Moore died on the same day and in the same house as his brother, Maurice. Anne, Moore's wife, died a ... Because of Moore's failing health, Francis Nash was promoted to brigadier general, and assumed command of the brigade on its ... few months thereafter. Moore, who had not been directly involved in any military engagement during the Revolutionary War, was ...
Results are usually published about 2 to 3 months after the exam. Phase III: Viva Voce (Interview) - It is the oral test and is ... When other graduate medical professionals will get BCS in health? The eligibility norms for the examination are as follows: All ... Notification for this is published about one month before the exam. Results are published about one month after the exam. Phase ... 21 to 30 years (for General candidates) 21 to 32 years: For Freedom Fighter's Children and Health cadre, Tribal candidates for ...
He was excused from oral presentations and participation in class conversation and received 50 minutes a month of speech ... On December 14, 2005, Cho was released from the mental health facility after Judge Barnett ordered Cho to undergo mental health ... The report called Virginia's mental health laws "flawed" and its mental health services "inadequate". The report also confirmed ... More than four months after the attack, The Wall Street Journal reported on August 20, 2007, that Cho had been diagnosed with ...
World Health Organization. pp. 431-. ISBN 978-92-832-1291-1. .. *^ a b Koetsawang S (April 1994). "Once-a-month injectable ... Estradiol-containing oral contraceptive. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e "FDA Approves Combined Monthly Injectable Contraceptive ... 2-3 months). CIC-D. (month). Duration Algestone acetophenide. Oil solution. Perlutal, Topasel, Yectames. Pregnane. ?. -. 75-150 ... "Facts about once-a-month injectable contraceptives: memorandum from a WHO meeting". Bull. World Health Organ. 71 (6): 677-89. ...
These injections can provide more pain relief than oral medications lasting from six months to a year. Surgery is the final ... "Arthritis - National Library of Medicine". PubMed Health. Retrieved 2017-12-21. Arthritis Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and ... The use of oral steroids and anti-inflammatory medicines help to reduce the amount of inflammation and pain felt in the knee. ... If oral medicine and physical therapy don't help your knee enough, doctors may consider giving patients injections with pain ...
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health ... In the United States it costs less than 25 USD for a typical month of treatment. Hydrocortisone is the pharmaceutical term for ... in place of prednisolone in patients needing steroid treatment but unable to take oral medication, and perioperatively in ... American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 30 ...
"Centre for Oral Health Research". Newcastle University. 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-07-22. School of Dental Sciences at ... Undergraduates studying Dentistry (5 years) and Dental Hygiene and Therapy (27 months) form the largest body of students. The ... majority of research undertaken in the School of Dental Sciences is organised by the Centre for Oral Health Research (COHR). ...
Fully subsidised medication listed on the schedule cost $5 every three months to cover dispensing costs. The combined oral ... physical health or mental health of the woman. Rape and extremes of age may also be taken into account. The Contraception, ... The Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights states on its online information series on sexual and reproductive health ... "Sexual & reproductive health , UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund". www.unfpa.org. Retrieved 30 April 2016. "CEDAW , ...
For oral iron, this can take considerably longer, so waiting 3 months may be appropriate. Geritol Human iron metabolism Lucky ... "Iron Preparations, Oral". The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Archived from the original on 22 May 2016. ... The wholesale cost in the developing world is about 0.05 to 0.63 USD per month. In the United States a typical month of ... There are cases where parenteral iron is preferable over oral iron. These are cases where oral iron is not tolerated, where the ...
Oral health products that contain or release hydrogen peroxide up to 3.6% H2O2 is not likely to increase cancer risk in ... The whitening effect lasted up to 47 months in 82% of the patients, with no adverse side effects reported at the end of the ... Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 83:506-509. Hummert TW, Osborne JW, Norling BK, Cardenas HL (1993). Mercury in ... 4 (12). Chi AC, Damm DD, Neville BW, Allen CA, Bouquot J (11 June 2008). Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. Elsevier Health ...
25 a month supports sponsors a child with Partners In Development. Medical Care: PID believes that a healthy community is a ... The basis of PID's medical program is to provide primary health care to the communities in which PID serves. PID focuses on ... preventive techniques (regular physicals and eye exams, vitamins, oral hygiene, tracking proper growth in children, nutritional ... Loans range from $25 to $100 for a six-month term. PID has had remarkable success with this program and has an overall default ...
English's interest in health care lead her establish the Adelphi Medical Center and child care programs, such as Up the Ladder ... Josephine English". The HistoryMakers: The Nations Largest African American Video Oral History Collection. The HistoryMakers. ... Brizz-Walker, Monique (23 March 2015). "Saluting Women's History Month & Dr. Josephine English". Brooklyn Legends. Wordpress. ... She was also known for her work in real estate and health care, in addition to her philanthropy towards the arts. Her practice ...
Specialized training might cover anesthesia, child oral trauma, orthodontics, oral medicine and infant oral health and child ... This may include a 24-month postgraduate residency program, which may result in a certificate or master's degree in pediatric ... Responsibilities of a dentist are as followed: "Diagnosing oral diseases. Promoting oral health such as cleanings and fluoride ... The first part of the exam is a written test on knowledge of oral health, which has to be passed in order to move on to the ...
d) Oral health status of parents (especially mother). Oral examination Specific educative orientation will be directed to ... Recalls can be booked every 1 or 2 months. As for low caries risk children, the caregiver will be asked to perform the hygiene ... Oral health within the context of systemic health; - The importance of the deciduous teeth; - Non-nutritive sucking habits ( ... For low caries risk children, the aim is to maintain the baby's of oral health. Clinical sessions include hygiene with Hydrogen ...
This is not a health problem and in fact, it can provide a health benefit. For example, in clinical trials, the drug strontium ... However, most of those side effects resolved within 3 months. Occasional severe allergic reactions have been reported including ... Treatment should be suspended while taking oral tetracycline and quinolone antibiotics, as these chelate the strontium ion. ... In the United Kingdom, strontium ranelate is prescribed under the National Health Service as a medicine for the treatment of ...
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health ... In the United States it costs between 50 and 100 USD for a typical month supply of the inhaled form. Occasionally, it may cause ... Fukushima C, Matsuse H, Tomari S, Obase Y, Miyazaki Y, Shimoda T, Kohno S (2003). "Oral candidiasis associated with inhaled ... Deposition on the tongue and throat may promote oral candidiasis, which appears as a white coating, possibly with irritation. ...
A second oral agent of another class or insulin may be added if metformin is not sufficient after three months.[87] Other ... "Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91 (9): 671-682D. doi:10.2471/BLT.12.113415. PMC 3790213. PMID 24101783.. ... "Health Technology Assessment. 13 (41): 1-190, 215-357, iii-iv. doi:10.3310/hta13410. hdl:10536/DRO/DU:30064294. PMID 19726018. ... Injections of insulin may either be added to oral medication or used alone.[25] Most people do not initially need insulin.[13] ...
In addition to being at risk for experiencing certain health issues, you are also at a greater risk of experiencing oral health ... At David Crumpton, DDS, we recommend a professional cleaning and checkup exam about every six months. This, of course, is just ... Those with pristine oral health may need less professional treatment. Professional Cleanings. Professional cleaning is an ... Oral Cancer Screenings. In many instances, we will perform an oral cancer screening during your routine exam. Screening is the ...
Good dental health involves so much more than just your teeth and gums. Oral health is also connected to your overall health ... so try to visit your Ace Dental practitioner every six months. ... Are you proactive with your dental and oral health? Do you ... When you dedicate a little bit of time every day to your oral health, you can prevent serious issues like gingivitis, ... Apart from offering a great preventative dentistry service, your Ace Dental team can also recommend the best oral health care ...
The dental health often indexes the condition of the heart and hence, should not be taken lightly. Toothache usually emanate ... Mezereum: Mezereum purifies dental health from its very roots. It reduces toothache from spreading and stalls the decay at the ... Although seemingly non-hazardous, toothache can also lead to severe health implications. ... Most people tend to overlook their gums when it comes to oral health and focus on getting a bright, white smile instead. ...
Most toothaches are the result of tooth decay following good oral hygiene practices can prevent toothaches. Good oral hygiene ... Then fast forward 18 months I went to the dentist for an exam and cleaning. During the examination he noticed that I had a very ... Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a ... Your USA Headquarters for Health and Wellness Products, Support and Training. Located in Portland OR. We are open 24 hours a ...
More information about Oral Health Month is available on Twitter at @SonrisaColgate in Spanish for news and oral health tips. ... "Were excited about Oral Health Month, which focuses on the importance of prevention and the impact of good dental health on ... Oral Health Month Is Supported By:. About Colgate-Palmolive. Colgate-Palmolive is a leading global consumer products company, ... The premier source of oral health information, the ADA has advocated for the publics health and promoted the art and science ...
The ODA is Ontarios primary source of information on oral health and on the dental profession. ... April is Oral Health Month, but this year things are a little different. Dentistry is still an essential service, and Ontarios ... Dentists equipped to treat emergency cases have been receiving guidance from the Ministry of Health to conduct passive and ... Marijuana smoke can cause oral cancer, dry mouth and staining, and THC can weaken your immune system. ...
National Oral Health Month April is the National Oral Health Month, so let ePromos help you celebrate it by giving your clients ... Oral health is a big problem across the globe; use this month to help stress the seriousness of oral health. Help promote it ... Help celebrate National Oral Health Month in style with our wide array of promotional toothbrushes that will keep your teeth ... Let your clients and employees know that you care about their oral health - dont let this month go by without recognition. ...
Mouth Cancer Action Month takes place in November and is an annual campaign to raise awareness of the signs, symptoms and ... Oral Health Foundation approves BioMin toothpaste. 23 JAN 19 - BioMin F toothpaste fully accredited by the Oral Health ... Campaigns Mouth Cancer Mouth Cancer Action Month National Smile Month Oral Cancer Patient story Sugar TMA Tag 1 zzz ... Mouth Cancer Action Month. Mouth Cancer Action Month is a charity campaign which aims to raise awareness of mouth cancer and ...
During Oral Health Month, Colgate is re-launching its Bright Smiles, Bright Futures campaign in the UK. ... During September, Colgate is providing Oral Health Month-registered dental practices with Bright Smiles, Bright Futures ... As part of the UK campaign, Colgate is distributing 300,000 oral health packs to teachers of five to seven-year-old children. ... These packs contain resources designed to help children understand the importance of good oral health from an early age, and ...
Copyright © 2019 Southcoast Health System, Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy , Terms of Use ... Home / April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month. April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month. ...
Colgate Oral Health Month is a leading UK campaign to promote good oral health, and a great opportunity to encourage ... The Colgate Oral Health Month Practice PR Toolkit found in the practice pack includes a template press release to let local ... Colgate Oral Health Month provides the entire dental team with an opportunity to get involved in a nationwide campaign. ... The 2011 Colgate Oral Health Month CPD programme Patients Perception and Understanding of Prevention is available to all ...
... health Dental hygiene awareness Free check up Mouth Cancer Mouth Cancer Action Month National Smile Month Oral Cancer Oral ... For specific oral health related topics, point them to our oral health information.. ... Mouth Cancer Action Month. Creating a display for Mouth Cancer Action Month. An eye catching display is easy to set-up and can ... Oral Health Foundation is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (number 1027338) and registered as a ...
ODHA recognizes dental hygienists are important health-care providers, promoting good oral health habits and… ... During Oral Health Month, ODHA wants to thank YOU! ... Oral Health Month Draws!. ODHA Website > Member Benefits > Oral ... During Oral Health Month, ODHA wants to thank YOU!. ODHA recognizes dental hygienists are important health-care providers, ... To say thank you to our members, ODHA will be holding special draws during April, Oral Health Month. A daily draw will be ...
February is Childrens Dental Health Month. Here are ways dental hygienists can create a positive and rewarding experience for ... Childrens Dental Health Month: How to Get Kids Excited about Dental Health. DATE: Dec 01, 2016 AUTHOR: Susanna Scherer RDH. ... February is National Childrens Dental Health Month. In the spirit of the month, there are many ways dental hygienists can make ... Childrens Dental Health Month: How to Get Kids Excited about Dental Health ...
Latinx advocates have been leaders and partners in the strong health advocacy work across the country. In Virginia, advocates ... Blog Policy-Community Partnerships in Oral Health Advocacy: An Example i... Policy-Community Partnerships in Oral Health ... Investing in these relationships is an important component of building strong health advocacy coalitions in oral health as well ... Even though this policy change isnt explicitly related to oral health, the VaOHC has followed VACOLAOs leadership in ...
One of my Canadian readers will get to celebrate Oral Health Month with an ARM & HAMMER prize pack which includes:. *one ARM & ... National Oral Health Month and the Canadian Dental Association wants us to remember the importance of good oral health. The ... Celebrate Oral Health Month With Arm and Hammer and a Giveaway! Monday, April 25, 2011 ... Celebrate Oral Health Month with an ARM & HAMMER Spinbrush prize pack! Ends May 9. (CAN only) @TeacherMomOfTwo http://ht.ly/ ...
Financial Implications of 12-Month Dispensing of Oral Contraceptive Pills in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System in JAMA ... Financial Implications of 12-Month Dispensing of Oral Contraceptive Pills in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System in JAMA ... adoption of a 12-month dispensing option for oral contraceptive pills may support reproductive autonomy and improve ...
The month of April celebrates National Oral Health. People seldom think of their mouth when they consider their overall health ... April is National Oral Health Month. Retrieved from http://www.cda-adc.ca/en/about/media_room/health_month/ ... There are other risks associated with poor oral health. Poor oral health can also affect a persons sleeping. It affects a ... National Oral Health Month - What You Need To Know. 12th Mar, 2015. ...
... smile invisalign Life Cycles medical botox mouth-guards oral care oral health oral health lifecycle oral health month oral ... April is Oral Health Month, so if its been more than a year since youve seen a dentist, do yourself a favour, invest in your ... As you may be aware, April is Oral Health month. This is a time to reflect on your dental hygiene habits and assess where you ... Oral health is not something you should take lightly. Make sure you are staying on top of your dental hygiene and book an ...
... oral, oral health month, patient journey, public, teeth, UK oral health crisis, united states, us oral health crisis. Bookmark ... Oral Health Month is here again, so what state is the nations oral health in and, more importantly, how does the public think ... Embarrassed by Oral Health Month?. Posted on September 5, 2014 by admin ... One way the Americans are attempting to address their oral health crisis is by boosting care available to people in need. Its ...
Rights & permissionsfor article Oral health: Praise for National Smile Month . Opens in a new window. ...
Learn about how to detect and prevent oral cancer for Canadas Oral Health and Cancer month. Call us today to book an ... National Oral Health & Cancer Month. What You Need to Know About Oral Cancer. April is Canadas national Oral health and cancer ... TAGS: Calgary, Canada, Cancer, Dental, dentist, detect, Health, Month, Oral, oral cancer, prevent, Solara ... If you have any questions about Oral Health and Cancer month, would like to know more about how we at Solara Dental Care can ...
April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month Dental associations urge regular oral cancer examinations for early detection ... The premier source of oral health information, the ADA has advocated for the publics health and promoted the art and science ... As the nation prepares to observe the 14th Annual Oral Cancer Awareness Month this April, the American Academy of Oral & ... Oral Cancer Foundation Sponsors 13th Annual Oral Cancer Awareness Month in April 2012 ...
... resolved uneventfully with oral regimen. These cases might indicate a need to specifically address the definition of severe and ... parasitemia treated with the 6-dose oral regimen of artemether plus lumefantrine combination therapy alone. We have also ... malaria in non-immune patients either in designated guidelines or as an explicit addition to the historical World Health ... Most Cited This Month * * Techniques for Hemagglutination and Hemagglutination-Inhibition with Arthropod-Borne Viruses D. H. ...
Find oral health information for those suffering from diabetes & endocrine disorders. ... Diabetes and Oral Health In relevance to diabetes awareness month, the article provides information on how diabetes can affect ... Oral Health Effects Of DIABETES & OTHER ENDOCRINE DISORDERS. Research shows that there is a higher prevalence of gum disease ... To learn more about what the American Dental Association has to say about diabetes and oral health, visit www.MouthHealthy.org ...
  • In case of periodontitis the Denas therapy can be used also by turning on your device and selecting the manual therapy program frequency 77hz and brush slowly around the area of the area of the top gum and bottom gum area known as the oral mucosa also under the jaw area ear to ear. (denaspainreliefstore.com)
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