An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.
(Z)-9-Octadecenoic acid 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester.
Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
A family of enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective, regioselective, or chemoselective syn-dehydrogenation reactions. They function by a mechanism that is linked directly to reduction of molecular OXYGEN.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain three double bonds.
The process of converting an acid into an alkyl or aryl derivative. Most frequently the process consists of the reaction of an acid with an alcohol in the presence of a trace of mineral acid as catalyst or the reaction of an acyl chloride with an alcohol. Esterification can also be accomplished by enzymatic processes.
A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.
Eighteen carbon fatty acids that comprise the great majority of CASTOR OIL, which is from the seed of RICINUS.
12-Carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
Intracellular proteins that reversibly bind hydrophobic ligands including: saturated and unsaturated FATTY ACIDS; EICOSANOIDS; and RETINOIDS. They are considered a highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed family of proteins that may play a role in the metabolism of LIPIDS.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
Serum albumin from cows, commonly used in in vitro biological studies. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.
Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.
An unsaturated, essential fatty acid. It is found in animal and human fat as well as in the liver, brain, and glandular organs, and is a constituent of animal phosphatides. It is formed by the synthesis from dietary linoleic acid and is a precursor in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.
Compounds with three contiguous nitrogen atoms in linear format, H2N-N=NH, and hydrocarbyl derivatives.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
S-Acyl coenzyme A. Fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.
Microbodies which occur in animal and plant cells and in certain fungi and protozoa. They contain peroxidase, catalase, and allied enzymes. (From Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
A positively charged protein found in peripheral nervous system MYELIN. Sensitive immunological techniques have demonstrated that P2 is expressed in small amounts of central nervous system myelin sheaths of some species. It is an antigen for experimental allergic neuritis (NEURITIS, EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGIC), the peripheral nervous system counterpart of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. (From Siegel et al., Basic Neurochemistry, 5th ed, p133)
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in the plasma. The accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of cytidylate (CMP) to choline phosphate to form CDPcholine. It is the rate-limiting enzyme in the choline pathway for the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine. Its activity is increased by glucocorticoids. EC 2.7.7.15.
A class of lipoproteins that carry dietary CHOLESTEROL and TRIGLYCERIDES from the SMALL INTESTINE to the tissues. Their density (0.93-1.006 g/ml) is the same as that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Derivatives of caprylic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a carboxy terminated eight carbon aliphatic structure.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
The circulation in a portion of the body of one individual of blood supplied from another individual.
An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.1.1.3.
Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
Unstable isotopes of carbon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. C atoms with atomic weights 10, 11, and 14-16 are radioactive carbon isotopes.
Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
GLYCEROL esterified with FATTY ACIDS.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Major structural proteins of triacylglycerol-rich LIPOPROTEINS. There are two forms, apolipoprotein B-100 and apolipoprotein B-48, both derived from a single gene. ApoB-100 expressed in the liver is found in low-density lipoproteins (LIPOPROTEINS, LDL; LIPOPROTEINS, VLDL). ApoB-48 expressed in the intestine is found in CHYLOMICRONS. They are important in the biosynthesis, transport, and metabolism of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. Plasma Apo-B levels are high in atherosclerotic patients but non-detectable in ABETALIPOPROTEINEMIA.
A class of lipoproteins of very light (0.93-1.006 g/ml) large size (30-80 nm) particles with a core composed mainly of TRIGLYCERIDES and a surface monolayer of PHOSPHOLIPIDS and CHOLESTEROL into which are imbedded the apolipoproteins B, E, and C. VLDL facilitates the transport of endogenously made triglycerides to extrahepatic tissues. As triglycerides and Apo C are removed, VLDL is converted to INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS, then to LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS from which cholesterol is delivered to the extrahepatic tissues.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
Artificial respiration (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) using an oxygenated fluid.
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.

Effects of tumour necrosis factor-alpha on left ventricular function in the rat isolated perfused heart: possible mechanisms for a decline in cardiac function. (1/1584)

1. The cardiac depressant actions of TNF were investigated in the isolated perfused rat heart under constant flow (10 ml min(-1)) and constant pressure (70 mmHg) conditions, using a recirculating (50 ml) mode of perfusion. 2. Under constant flow conditions TNF (20 ng ml(-1)) caused an early (< 25 min) decrease in left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), which was maintained for 90 min (LVDP after 90 min: control vs TNF; 110 +/- 4 vs 82 +/- 10 mmHg, P < 0.01). 3. The depression in cardiac function seen with TNF under constant flow conditions, was blocked by the ceramidase inhibitor N-oleoylethanolamine (NOE), 1 microM, (LVDP after 90 min: TNF vs TNF with NOE; 82 +/- 10 vs 11 +/- 5 mmHg, P < 0.05). 4. In hearts perfused at constant pressure, TNF caused a decrease in coronary flow rate (change in flow 20 min after TNF: control vs TNF; -3.0 +/- 0.9 vs -8.7 +/- 1.2 ml min(-1), P < 0.01). This was paralleled by a negative inotropic effect (change in LVDP 20 min after TNF: control vs TNF; -17 +/- 7 vs -46 +/- 6 mmHg, P < 0.01). The decline in function was more rapid and more severe than that seen under conditions of constant flow. 5. These data indicate that cardiac function can be disrupted by TNF on two levels, firstly via a direct, ceramidase dependant negative inotropic effect, and secondly via an indirect coronary vasoconstriction.  (+info)

Effect of ornithine and lactate on urea synthesis in isolated hepatocytes. (2/1584)

1. In hepatocytes isolated from 24 h-starved rats, urea production from ammonia was stimulated by addition of lactate, in both the presence and the absence of ornithine. The relationship of lactate concentration to the rate of urea synthesis was hyperbolic. 2. Other glucose precursors also stimulated urea production to varying degrees, but none more than lactate. Added oleate and butyrate did not stimulate urea synthesis. 3. Citrulline accumulation was largely dependent on ornithine concentration. As ornithine was increased from 0 to 40 mM, the rate of citrulline accumulation increased hyperbolically, and was half-maximal when ornithine was 8-12 mM. 4. The rate of citrulline accumulation was independent of the presence of lactate, but with pyruvate the rate increased. 5. The rate of urea production continued to increase as ornithine was varied from 0 to 40 mM. 6. It was concluded that intermediates provided by both ornithine and lactate are limiting for urea production from ammonia in isolated liver cells. It was suggested that the stimulatory effect of lactate lies in increased availability of cytosolic aspartate for condensation with citrulline.  (+info)

Comparison of metabolism of free fatty acid by isolated perfused livers from male and female rats. (3/1584)

Livers from normal, fed male and female rats were perfused with different amounts of [1-14C]oleate under steady state conditions, and the rates of uptake and utilization of free fatty acid (FFA) were measured. The uptake of FFA by livers from either male or female rats was proportional to the concentration of FFA in the medium. The rate of uptake of FFA, per g of liver, by livers from female rats exceeded that of the males for the same amount of FFA infused. The incorporation by the liver of exogenous oleic acid into triglyceride, phospholipid, and oxidation products was proportional to the uptake of FFA. Livers from female rats incorporated more oleate into triglyceride (TG) and less into phospholipid (PL) and oxidation products than did livers from male animals. Livers from female rats secreted more TG than did livers from male animals when infused with equal quantities of oleate. The incorporation of endogenous fatty acid into TG of the perfusate was inhibite) by exogenous oleate. At low concentrations of perfusate FFA, however, endogenous fatty acids contributed substantially to the increased output of TG by livers from female animals. Production of 14CO2 and radioactive ketone bodies increased with increasing uptake of FFA. The partition of oleate between oxidative pathways (CO2 production and ketogenesis) was modified by the availability of the fatty acid substrate with livers from either sex. The percent incorporation of radioactivity into CO2 reached a maximum, whereas incorporation into ketone bodies continued to increase. The output of ketone bodies was dependent on the uptake of FFA, and output by livers from female animals was less than by livers from male rats. The increase in rate of ketogenesis was dependent on the influx of exogenous FFA, while ketogenesis from endogenous sources remained relatively stable. The output of glucose by the liver increased with the uptake of FFA, but no difference due to sex was observed. The output of urea by livers from male rats was unaffected by oleate, while the output of urea by livers from females decreased as the uptake of FFA increased. A major conclusion to be derived from this work is that oleate is not metabolized identically by livers from the two sexes, but rather, per gram of liver, livers from female rats take up and esterify more fatty acid to TG and oxidize less than do livers from male animals; livers from female animals synthesize and secrete more triglyceride than do livers from male animals when provided with equal quantities of free fatty acid.  (+info)

Fatty acid translocase/CD36 mediates the uptake of palmitate by type II pneumocytes. (4/1584)

Type II pneumocytes, which synthesize, store, and secrete pulmonary surfactant, require exogenous fatty acids, in particular palmitic acid, for maximum surfactant synthesis. The uptake of palmitate by type II pneumocytes is thought to be protein mediated, but the protein involved has not been characterized. Here we show by RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis that rat type II pneumocytes express the mRNA for fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36), a membrane-associated protein that is known to facilitate the uptake of fatty acids into adipocytes. The deduced amino acid sequence from rat type II pneumocytes reveals 98% identity to the FAT/CD36 sequence obtained from rat adipocytes. The uptake of palmitate by type II pneumocytes follows Michaelis-Menten kinetics (Michaelis-Menten constant = 11.9 +/- 1.8 nM; maximum velocity = 62.7 +/- 5.8 pmol. min(-1). 5 x 10(5) pneumocytes(-1)) and decreases reversibly under conditions of ATP depletion to 35% of control uptake. Incubation of cells at 0 degrees C inhibited the uptake of palmitate almost completely, whereas depletion of potassium was without effect. Preincubation of the cells with bromobimane or phloretin decreases the uptake of palmitate significantly as does preincubation with sulfo-N-succinimidyl oleate, the specific inhibitor of FAT/CD36 (C. M. Harmon, P. Luce, A. H. Beth, and N. A. Abumrad. J. Membr. Biol. 121: 261-268, 1991). From these data, we conclude that FAT/CD36 is expressed in type II pneumocytes and mediates the uptake of palmitate in a saturable and energy-dependent manner. The data suggest that the uptake process is independent of the formation of coated pits and endocytotic vesicles.  (+info)

Production in vitro by the cytochrome P450 CYP94A1 of major C18 cutin monomers and potential messengers in plant-pathogen interactions: enantioselectivity studies. (5/1584)

The major C(18) cutin monomers are 18-hydroxy-9,10-epoxystearic and 9,10,18-trihydroxystearic acids. These compounds are also known messengers in plant-pathogen interactions. We have previously shown that their common precursor 9,10-epoxystearic acid was formed by the epoxidation of oleic acid in Vicia sativa microsomes (Pinot, Salaun, Bosch, Lesot, Mioskowski and Durst (1992) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 184, 183-193). Here we determine the chirality of the epoxide produced as (9R,10S) and (9S,10R) in the ratio 90:10 respectively. We further show that microsomes from yeast expressing the cytochrome P450 CYP94A1 are capable of hydroxylating the methyl terminus of 9,10-epoxystearic and 9,10-dihydroxystearic acids in the presence of NADPH to form the corresponding 18-hydroxy derivatives. The reactions were not catalysed by microsomes from yeast transformed with a void plasmid or in absence of NADPH. After incubation of a synthetic racemic mixture of 9,10-epoxystearic acid with microsomes of yeast expressing CYP94A1, the chirality of the residual epoxide was shifted to 66:34 in favour of the (9S,10R) enantiomer. Both enantiomers were incubated separately and V(max)/K(m) values of 16 and 3.42 ml/min per nmol of P450 for (9R, 10S) and (9S,10R) respectively were determined, demonstrating that CYP94A1 is enantioselective for the (9R,10S) enantiomer, which is preferentially formed in V. sativa microsomes. Compared with the epoxide, the diol 9,10-dihydroxystearic acid was a much poorer substrate for the omega-hydroxylase, with a measured V(max)/K(m) of 0.33 ml/min per nmol of P450. Our results indicate that the activity of CYP94A1 is strongly influenced by the stereochemistry of the 9, 10-epoxide and the nature of substituents on carbons 9 and 10, with V(max)/K(m) values for epoxide>>oleic acid>diol.  (+info)

Dietary marine algae (Schizochytrium sp.) increases concentrations of conjugated linoleic, docosahexaenoic and transvaccenic acids in milk of dairy cows. (6/1584)

Modification of milk fat to contain long-chain (n-3) fatty acids and increased concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid has potential for improving health of consumers. Natural modification of milk through nutritional manipulation of diets for dairy cows is preferable to post-harvest modification. The objectives of this study were to increase the concentrations of beneficial fatty acids in milk fat by feeding a diet rich in (n-3) fatty acids from algae to dairy cows. Cows were fed a control diet, a diet containing algae (Schizochytrium sp.) protected against ruminal biohydrogenation, or a diet containing unprotected algae for 6 wk. Feed intake and milk production were recorded daily. Milk samples were obtained weekly for analysis of milk composition and profile of fatty acids. Percentage of fat in milk of cows fed algae was lower (P < 0.01) than in milk from cows fed the control diet; however, energy-corrected milk production did not differ (P > 0.05). Inclusion of algae in diets decreased (P < 0.01) feed intake. Milk fat from cows fed algae contained greater (P < 0.01) concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid, (n-3) fatty acids (particularly docosahexaenoic acid), and transvaccenic acid. Concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid were greater (P < 0.01) in milk fat from cows fed protected algae compared to milk fat from cows fed unprotected algae. Milk fat from cows fed algae contained lower (P < 0.05) concentrations of total saturated fatty acids compared to cows fed the control diet. In conclusion, milk fat can be modified through nutritional management of dairy cows to provide more favorable fatty acids for consumers.  (+info)

The preventive effects of incomplete Freund's adjuvant and other vehicles on the development of adjuvant-induced arthritis in Lewis rats. (7/1584)

The present study showed a novel finding that the development of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in Lewis rats was completely prevented by incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) injected 21 or 28 days before complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) challenge. Hexadecane also completely prevented AA and squalane, methyl oleate and pristane moderately prevented AA, though pristane by itself induced mild arthritis in two out of five rats. Concanavalin A-stimulated lymph node cells (LNCs) isolated from AA rats were able to adoptively transfer the severe polyarthritis to all the naive recipients or even to the IFA pretreated recipients with earlier onset and more rapid progression than those of AA. The LNCs from the donors who had been pretreated with IFA and subsequently challenged with CFA could induce mild arthritis in only two out of eight naive recipients, whereas all the recipients who were challenged with CFA immediately after intravenous injection of these LNCs developed significantly less severe arthritis. However, the LNCs from IFA-pretreated donors failed to prevent AA. According to the T helper type 1 (Th1)/Th2 paradigm, it was suggested that the adjuvant-active vehicles such as IFA, hexadecane, squalane, methyl oleate and pristane, can affect and deviate the Th1/Th2 balance of immune responses in host. CFA could promote the propagation of Th2 cells rather than Th1 cells in these vehicle-pretreated rats through as yet undetermined mechanisms, eventually resulting in the prevention of AA. Finally, we discussed a regulatory role of adjuvant vehicles for induction and suppression of AA.  (+info)

Adipose tissue triacylglycerols of rats are modulated differently by dietary isomeric octadecenoic acids from coriander oil and high oleic sunflower oil. (8/1584)

Earlier feeding studies of rats revealed that petroselinic acid [18:1(n-12)] from triacylglycerols of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) oil is extensively incorporated into the lipids of heart and liver and metabolized via beta-oxidation and chain elongation. We report here the composition and stereospecific distribution of acyl moieties, particularly isomeric octadecenoyl moieties, in adipose tissue triacylglycerols of male weaned Wistar rats fed diets containing, in addition to 20 g corn oil/kg feed, 120 g coriander oil per kg feed at a level of 63 g 18:1(n-12) moieties/100 g acyl moieties of the oil for 10 wk. For comparison, a group of rats was fed a similar corn oil-containing isocaloric diet with large proportions of oleoyl moieties [18:1(n-9)] from high oleic sunflower oil [72 g 18:1(n-9)/100 g acyl moieties of the oil]. The composition of the triacylglycerols of epididymal, subcutaneous and perirenal adipose tissues was very similar for each feeding group, broadly reflecting the composition of the dietary oils. Feeding coriander oil, compared with high oleic sunflower oil, led to extensive incorporation of 18:1(n-12) into the triacylglycerols of the adipose tissues with a concomitant significantly and dramatically lower 18:1(n-9) concentration and, as a consequence, to the generation of triacylglycerol species containing 18:1(n-12) moieties. Petroselinoyl moieties from coriander oil were esterified predominantly at the sn-1,3 positions of the adipose tissue triacylglycerols; 18:1(n-9) moieties from high oleic sunflower oil were fairly evenly distributed between the sn-1,3 and sn-2 positions. We suggest that acyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of adipose tissue triacylglycerols direct 18:1(n-12) moieties preferentially to sn-1,3-positions.  (+info)

Foliar fungal diseases (rust and late leaf spot) incur large yield losses, in addition to the deterioration of fodder quality in groundnut worldwide. High oleic acid has emerged as a key market trait in groundnut, as it increases the shelf life of the produce/products in addition to providing health benefits to consumers. Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) is the most successful approach to introgressing or pyramiding one or more traits using traitlinked markers. We used MABC to improve three popular Indian cultivars (GJG 9, GG 20, and GJGHPS 1) for foliar disease resistance (FDR) and high oleic acid content. A total of 22 BC3F4 and 30 BC2F4 introgression lines (ILs) for FDR and 46 BC3F4 and 41 BC2F4 ILs for high oleic acid were developed. Recurrent parent genome analysis using the 58 K Axiom_Arachis array identified several lines showing upto 94% of genome recovery among second and third backcross progenies. Phenotyping of these ILs revealed FDR scores comparable to the resistant parent, GPBD ...
Nitric oxide (NO) is a second messenger that regulates a broad range of physiological processes in plants. NO-derived molecules called reactive nitrogen species (RNS) can react with unsaturated fatty acids generating nitrated fatty acids (NO2-FA). NO2-FA work as signaling molecules in mammals where production and targets have been described under different stress conditions. Recently, NO2-FAs were detected in plants, however their role(s) on plant physiological processes is still poorly known. Although in this work NO2-OA has not been detected in any Arabidopsis seedling tissue, here we show that exogenous application of nitro-oleic acid (NO2-OA) inhibits Arabidopsis primary root growth; this inhibition is not likely due to nitric oxide (NO) production or impaired auxin or cytokinin root responses. Deep analyses showed that roots incubated with NO2-OA had a lower cell number in the division area. Although this NO2-FA did not affect the hormonal signaling mechanisms maintaining the stem cell niche,
Kansanen E. Kuosmanen SM. Ruotsalainen AK. Hynynen H. Levonen AL. (2017). Nitro-Oleic Acid Regulates Endothelin Signaling in Human Endothelial Cells. MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY, 92 (4) , 481-490. 10.1124/mol.117.109751. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cis-vaccenic acid and the Framingham risk score predict chronic kidney disease. T2 - The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). AU - Block, Robert. AU - Kakinami, Lisa. AU - Liebman, Scott. AU - Shearer, Gregory C.. AU - Kramer, Holly. AU - Tsai, Michael. N1 - Funding Information: Sources of Support . This research was supported by contracts N01-HC-95159 through N01-HC-95169 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The authors thank the other investigators, the staff, and the participants of the MESA study for their valuable contributions. A full list of participating MESA investigators and institutions can be found at http://www.mesa-nhlbi.org . This publication was also made possible by Grant Number KL2 RR 024136 from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the ...
A sodium oleate összetevő funkciója, biztonsági pontszáma, rövid szöveges leírása és kozmetikumok, amikben megtalálod az összetevőt.
Ethyl oleate is used as a solvent for pharmaceutical drug preparations involving lipophilic substances such as steroids.It also finds use as a lubricant and a plasticizer.Ethyl oleate is regulated as a food additive by the Food...
Continue crossing program to combine resistances to dieases (PRN, TSWV, leaf spot, and white mold) with other desirable characteristics (eg. high yield and grades, and high oleic acid). Single seed descent is then used to rapidly advance this material to the F4 generation. F4:5 progeny are evaluated using genetic markers to improve our selection efficiency for resistance to nematodes and leaf spot, and for high oleic acid. Selections are then evaluated in field plots for resistance to TSWV, yield, grade, and other agronomic characteristics. Continue our accelerated backcrossing program using marker assisted selection (MAS) to introgress resistance to leaf spot into high yielding genetic backgrounds adapted to Georgia. Evaluate breeding lines with high levels of resistance to leaf spot, nematodes, and TSWV in field trials. Treatments will include variable seeding rates and variable fungicide spray schedules. Data will be analyzed to identify those combinations that produce maximum net returns. ...
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The additional mass associated with 13C in metabolic tracers may interfere with their metabolism. The comparative isomerization and biohydrogenation of oleic, [1-13C]oleic, and [U-13C]oleic acids by mixed ruminal microbes was used to evaluate this effect. The percent of stearic, cis-14 and -15, and trans-9 to -16 18:1 originating from oleic acid was decreased for [U-13C]oleic acid compared with [1-13C]oleic acid. Conversely, microbial utilization of [U-13C]oleic acid resulted in more of the 13C label in cis-9 18:1 compared with [1-13C]oleic acid (53.7 vs. 40.1%). The isomerization and biohydrogenation of oleic acid by ruminal microbes is affected by the mass of the labeled tracer. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Melittin-mediated release of [3H]-oleic acid from E. coli cells is dependent upon heat- and trypsin-sensitive factor(s) in human serum. AU - Saini, Shamsher S.. AU - Chopra, Ashok. AU - Peterson, Johnny. PY - 2000/8/1. Y1 - 2000/8/1. N2 - Synthetic melittin mediated the release of [3H]-oleic acid ([3H]-OA) or its acylated lipids from [3H]-OA-labeled E. coli cells exposed to human serum. This phenomenon was not observed in the absence of serum and was calcium independent. The addition of serum was not required for melittin-mediated lysis of erythrocytes, although lysis was greater in the presence of serum than in its absence (P,0.001). Trypsin treatment of human serum reduced the melittin-mediated release of [3H]-OA/acylated lipids, and this effect was more pronounced upon boiling the serum (P,0.01). A kinetic study showed that maximum release of [3H]-OA/acylated lipids occurred within 3-6 min. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis showed the lipids to be phosphatidyl ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Modulation of Nitro-Fatty Acid Signaling. T2 - Prostaglandin Reductase-1 is a Nitroalkene Reductase. AU - Vitturi , D. AU - Chen, C. AU - Woodcock, S. AU - Salvatore , S. AU - Bonacci , G. AU - Koenitzer , J. AU - Stewart, Nicolas. AU - Wakabayashi , N. AU - Kensler , T. AU - Freeman, Bruce. AU - Schopfer, F. PY - 2013/9/30. Y1 - 2013/9/30. U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M113.486282. DO - 10.1074/jbc.M113.486282. M3 - Article. VL - 288. SP - 25626. EP - 25637. JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry. JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry. SN - 1083-351X. IS - 35. ER - ...
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Promotes Solder Flow and Adhesion. Prevents Oxidation. This CRL Oleic Acid is a soldering flux that cleans the surface and promotes solder flow. Designed to be brushed on with a Acid Brush prior to soldering. This product makes solder adhere better and prevents oxidation. oleic acid msds, oleic acid
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Estolides are a group of FA polyesters resulting from ester bond formation between a hydroxyl or olefinic group of one FA and the terminal carboxyl group of a second FA. These products are commonly found in trace amounts, forming tetraglycerides in several oil seed plants, and have been produced by acid clay and enzymatic catalysis in vitro. In this study, natural estolides produced by a bacterial culture are presented for the first time. Pseudomonas sp. 42A2 produced (E)-10-hydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid and (E)-7,10-dihydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid when grown on oleic acid. It is suggested that these FA were polymerized in culture by a lipase produced by the bacterial strain, resulting in a mixture of estolides. These compounds amounted to 3.8 g/L after 72 h of incubation. LC-MS analysis indicated that the types of estolides formed were dimers (m/z 560-610), trimers (m/z 845-906), tetramers (m/z 1122-1202), pentamers (m/z 1328-1424), and hexamers (m/z 1554-1788), with a relative abundance of 27.5, ...
The unsaturated fatty acid-requiring mutant KD 115 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae secretes a lectin when grown in presence of oleic acid. This lectin is homogeneous on PAGE at pH 8.3, has an approximate molecular weight of 320,000, pI of 4.2 and contains about 60% sugar. It agglutinates chicken and different mammalian erythrocytes, but lyses rabbit red cells only. It is D-galactose-specific. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a hemagglutinin from yeast. ...
MON 87705 has been transformed with a DNA sequence to perform three novel functions. One is the customary tolerance to Roundup herbicide which comes from a bacterial gene linked to DNA to activate it in the green parts of the plant. The other two work together to cause oleic acid to accumulate. These are re-jigged soya DNA sequences which generate factors to alter the plants fat metabolism: one of these factors blocks the enzyme which would normally channel oleic acid away from its site of production to elsewhere in the cell for further processing; the other factor suppresses the normal onward conversion of oleic acid to other fatty acids. These factors are linked to DNA which activates them in the seed. Between them, the two blocking mechanisms cause the GM soyabeans accumulate a huge and unnatural amount of oleic acid. The knock-on effect is that very little linoleic acid and very little of the saturated acids, palmitic and stearic acids, are produced. MON 87705 has, however, the usual amount ...
Oleic acid is an omega-9 fatty acid commonly found in plant and animal products thats known for many health benefits. Oleic acid supports cellular health, brain function and more.
Pharmaceutical formulations and methods including an immune response modifier (IRM) compound and an oleic acid component are provided where stability is improved by using oleic acid have low polar impurities such as peroxides.
Q: How much palmitic acid is in Omega-7 Support Gels?. A: The total amount of palmitic acid in a dose of Omega-7 Support Soft Gels is slightly less than 1% of the daily maximum limit the WHO (World Health Organization) recommends. One dose of the SIBU soft-gels contains about 40% Omega 7 (mostly palmitoleic acid and a little cis-vaccenic acid). Palmitic acid is bad in large quantities (as in most American diets) but 1 dose of 1000mg of SIBU soft-gels contains less than 1% of the recommended daily maximum so its negligible.. Q: Whats the daily recommended dose for the Omega-7 Support Gels? A: The daily recommended dose for the Omega 7 Support is 2 500mg soft gels/day. Be sure to check with your doctor about Omega 7s possible effects on your body before you begin. Q: Whats the daily recommended dose for SIBUs Omega-Pure?. A: We recommend starting with 1 oz. per day. You can slowly increase from there up to 4 oz a day.. Q: Can Omega-7 Supplements help you lose weight? A: While Omega 7 doesnt ...
Biologists at University of York developed a form of hemp that produces oil with a high volume of oleic acid, a fatty acid like that found in olive oil.
Read Synthesis of PNIPAM-PEG Double Hydrophilic Polymers Using Oleic Acid Macro Peroxide Initiator, Journal of the American Oil Chemists
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oleic acid promotes MMP-9 secretion and invasion in breast cancer cells. AU - Soto-Guzman, Adriana. AU - Navarro-Tito, Napoleon. AU - Castro-Sanchez, Luis. AU - Martinez-Orozco, Raul. AU - Salazar, Eduardo Perez. PY - 2010/10/1. Y1 - 2010/10/1. UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77957339785&origin=inward. UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77957339785&origin=inward. U2 - 10.1007/s10585-010-9340-1. DO - 10.1007/s10585-010-9340-1. M3 - Article. SP - 505. EP - 515. JO - Clinical and Experimental Metastasis. JF - Clinical and Experimental Metastasis. SN - 0262-0898. ER - ...
Global Oleic Acid Market is expected to grow at a CAGR x.x% over the next ten years, and will reach at US$ XX.X Mn in 2028, from US$ XX.X Mn in 2018.
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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
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Free Essay: Second, both characters betray individuals who are below their class, but regret their actions as it drastically affects their lives, by having...
250 µCi quantities of [1-14C]-Oleic Acid are available for your research. Application of [14C]Oleic Acid can be found in: trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid decreasing de novo lipid synthesis in human adipocytes, effect of dietary phosphatidylcholine on the assimilation and distribution of ingested free oleic acid in aquaculture, variation of liver-type fatty acid binding protein content in the human HepG2 affecting the rate of fatty acid uptake, oleic acid stimulating rapid translocation of cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase in type II cells, intestinal-fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) and lipid transport in human intestinal epithelial cells, etc. ...
Near infrared reflectance spectra (NIRS) was collected from Arachis hypogaea seed samples and used in predictive models to rapidly identify varieties with high oleic acid. The method was developed for shelled peanut seeds with intact testa. Spectra was evaluated initially by principal component analysis (PCA) followed by partial least squares (PLS). PCA performed with full spectra and reduced spectra with one principal component accounted for 97% to 99% variability, respectively. The PLS model generated from first derivative spectra provided a standard error of prediction (SEP) of 7.7204808. This technique provides a non-destructive method to rapidly identify high oleic peanut seeds to support the selection and cultivation of high oleic acid peanut varieties. The method can also be useful at peanut processing facilities for screening and quality assessments.
Buy Chemicals on-line In India Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester Chemical Name - Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester, Mol Weight - 310.52, Smiles - CCCCCCCC/C=CCCCCCCCC(OCC)=O
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mechanisms of vasorelaxation induced by oleoylethanolamide in the rat small mesenteric artery. AU - Alsuleimani, Yousuf M.. AU - Hiley, C. Robin. PY - 2013/2/28. Y1 - 2013/2/28. N2 - The actions of the anandamide-like mono-unsaturated fatty acid oleoylethanolamide (OEA) were first linked to satiety and control of food intake and recently reported to relax resistance vessels. This study characterizes its vasorelaxant mechanisms. Vasorelaxation to OEA were assessed in third order branches of rat superior mesenteric artery using a wire myograph. The roles of the endothelium, KCa channels, perivascular sensory nerves, NO, cannabinoid receptors, and the phospholipase C (PLC)/inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) and RhoA/ROCK signalling pathways, were assessed. OEA caused concentration- and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation (pEC50=6.7±0.1, Rmax=93.1±2. 5%). L-NAME greatly reduced the response (residual relaxation of only 24.6±12.8%). Capsaicin and pertussis toxin significantly reduced ...
ACME SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS - Exporter, Manufacturer, Supplier, Trading Company of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester - Manufacturer based in Mumbai, India
Development policies and plans are also discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures. Oleic Acid (CAS 112-80-1) market report also states import/export, supply and figures as well as cost, price, revenue and gross margin by regions (United States, EU, China and Japan), and other regions can be added.. Then, Oleic Acid (CAS 112-80-1) market report focuses on major leading industry players with information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials, and downstream consumers analysis is also carried out. Whats more, the Oleic Acid (CAS 112-80-1) industry development trends and marketing channels are analysed.. For each player, product details, capacity, price, cost, gross and revenue numbers are given. Their contact information is provided for better understanding.. Finally, the feasibility of new investment projects is assessed, and overall research conclusions are ...
Fatty acid nitroalkenes (NO2-FA) are endogenously-generated products of the reaction of metabolic and inflammatory-derived nitrogen dioxide (.NO2) with unsaturated fatty acids. These species mediate signaling actions and induce adaptive responses in preclinical models of inflammatory and metabolic diseases. The nitroalkene substituent possesses an electrophilic nature, resulting in rapid and reversible reactions with biological nucleophiles such as cysteine, thus supporting post-translational modifications (PTM) of proteins having susceptible nucleophilic centers. These reactions contribute to enzyme regulation, modulation of inflammation and cell proliferation and the regulation of gene expression responses. Herein, focus is placed on the reduction-oxidation (redox) characteristics and stability of specific NO2-FA regioisomers having biological and clinical relevance; nitro-oleic acid (NO2-OA), bis-allylic nitro-linoleic acid (NO2-LA) and the conjugated diene-containing nitro-conjugated ...
Detailed Ethanolamine Oleate dosage information for adults. Includes dosages for Esophageal Varices; plus renal, liver and dialysis adjustments.
This high-oleic sunflower oil contains linoleic acid, oleic acid, lecithin, carotenoids and has a high vitamin E content. Oleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid and a component of natural fats derived from either vegetable oils or animal fat. Oleic acid acts as an emulsifier, surfactant, thickening agent and emolli
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [B Kollbe Ahn, Jonggeun Sung, Yonghui Li, Namhoon Kim, Myles Ikenberry, Keith Hohn, Nihar Mohanty, Phong Nguyen, T S Sreeprasad, Stefan Kraft, Vikas Berry, Xiuzhi Susan Sun].
EXPELLER PRESSING- Oils labeled expeller pressed use a mechanical method to extract food oils. Not only is this method more natural because it does not use harsh chemicals like hexane but it also leaves us with a much more stable and quality oil.. HIGH OLEIC- Hi Oleic oils have a unique nutrition profile that features high oleic acid and low linolenic acid. Hi Oleic oils are typically low in saturated fats and are known for their versatility and natural stability. For operators or manufactures these oils present some of the most cost effective solutions to manage oil costs.. NON-GMO- Products labeled NON-GMO are manufactured using ingredients that are not grown using genetic engineering or gene splicing. Producing NON-GMO products requires preserving the NON-GMO identity through every stage of production. All NON-GMO and Organic products from Healthy Brand Oil take these measures.. OSI- Oil Stability Index (OSI) is an industry standard method to determine the shelf stability of edible ...
4‐Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) was employed in the esterification of oleic acid (OA) and the trans‐esterification of oleic oil (OO) with 1‐butanol as alcohol in the presence of various degrees of excess water. Under these conditions DBSA was found to be a highly active esterification catalyst regardless of excess water content, but was found to be a less effective for trans‐esterification reactions. Lipophilic alcohols of differing straight and branched C3‐6 chains were also tested on mixtures of OA/water (1:1) in DBSA‐catalyzed esterifications; OO/water (1:1) in trans‐esterifications; and OA/OO/water (1:1:1) in simultaneous esterifications and trans‐esterifications. While longer straight chain alcohols generally gave a two‐fold increase in yield of their corresponding alkyl oleates to 80%+, we observed a doubling from 30-50% to 60-95% of alkyl oleate yield for the OO/OA/water mixture. DBSA‐catalyzed amidations of OO and methyl oleate emulsions in water were conducted ...
Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is an agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and has been described to exhibit neuroprotective properties when administered locally in animal models of several neurological disorder models, including stroke and Parkinsons disease. However, there is little information regarding the effectiveness of systemic administration of OEA on Parkinsons disease. In the present study, OEA-mediated neuroprotection has been tested on in vivo and in vitro models of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OH-DA)-induced degeneration. The in vivo model was based on the intrastriatal infusion of the neurotoxin 6-OH-DA, which generates Parkinsonian symptoms. Rats were treated 2 h before and after the 6-OH-DA treatment with systemic OEA (0.5, 1, and 5 mg/kg). The Parkinsonian symptoms were evaluated at 1 and 4 wk after the development of lesions. The functional status of the nigrostriatal system was studied through tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH) and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1, oxidation ...
At NYSCC Suppliers Day 2013, Beraca will introduce two new products to the U.S. personal care market: a anti-inflammatory active and a moisturizing oil with high oleic acid content.
AVT,it is a technology company specializing in high-end pharmaceutical excipients for phospholipids. Its products cover natural phosphates, synthetic phospholipids, functionalized phospholipids and other sub-areas, and provide related products such as oleic acid, sodium oleate and cholesterol.
68154-55-2 - Fatty acids, C18-unsatd., dimers, polymers with diethylenetriamine, ethylenediamine and oleic acid - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Surface active compounds present in food possibly have the ability to enhance the absorption of water soluble toxic agents. Therefore, we investigated whether fatty acids such as oleic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), both commonly present in food, negatively affect the integrity of tight junctions (TJ) in the intestinal epithelium and thereby increase the absorption of poorly absorbed hydrophilic substances. Caco-2 cells, which are derived from human absorptive enterocytes, were grown on permeable filters for 20-25 days. Differentiated cell monolayers were apically exposed for 90min to mannitol in emulsions of oleic acid (5, 15 or 30mM) or DHA (5, 15 or 30mM) in an experimental medium with or without Ca(2+) and Mg(2+). Absorption of (14)C-mannitol increased and trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) decreased in cell monolayers exposed to oleic acid and DHA, compared to controls. Cytotoxicity, measured as leakage of LDH, was higher in groups exposed to 30mM oleic acid and all ...
HAMLET (human -lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells) is a complex of human -lactalbumin and oleic acid (C18:1:9 cis) that kills tumor cells by an apoptosis-like mechanism. Previous studies have shown that a conformational change is required to form HAMLET from -lactalbumin, and that a partially unfolded conformation is maintained in the HAMLET complex. This study examined if unfolding of -lactalbumin is sufficient to induce cell death. We used the bovine -lactalbumin Ca2+ site mutant D87A, which is unable to bind Ca2+, and thus remains partially unfolded regardless of solvent conditions. The D87A mutant protein was found to be inactive in the apoptosis assay, but could readily be converted to a HAMLET-like complex in the presence of oleic acid. BAMLET (bovine -lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells) and D87A-BAMLET complexes were both able to kill tumor cells. This activity was independent of the Ca2+site, as HAMLET maintained a high affinity for Ca2+ but D87A-BAMLET was active with no Ca2+ ...
article{5f5f6d98-011d-45d8-9728-f5a50aecaf3b, abstract = {HAMLET (human -lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells) is a complex of human -lactalbumin and oleic acid (C18:1:9 cis) that kills tumor cells by an apoptosis-like mechanism. Previous studies have shown that a conformational change is required to form HAMLET from -lactalbumin, and that a partially unfolded conformation is maintained in the HAMLET complex. This study examined if unfolding of -lactalbumin is sufficient to induce cell death. We used the bovine -lactalbumin Ca2+ site mutant D87A, which is unable to bind Ca2+, and thus remains partially unfolded regardless of solvent conditions. The D87A mutant protein was found to be inactive in the apoptosis assay, but could readily be converted to a HAMLET-like complex in the presence of oleic acid. BAMLET (bovine -lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells) and D87A-BAMLET complexes were both able to kill tumor cells. This activity was independent of the Ca2+site, as HAMLET maintained a high ...
Fatty acids are used as oily bases and emulsifiers in skincare formulas.. There are a bunch of fatty acids youll find in carrier oils, the two you should focus on to determine the feel of an oil are oleic acid and linoleic acid. Oleic acid makes oils feel richer and heavier, so theyre more occlusive. A small list of oils high in oleic acid include:. ...
Decision Document 2001-34: Determination of the Safety of Optimum Quality Grains L.L.C.s High Oleic Soybean (Glycine max) line G94-1, G94-19, and G-168 Derived from Transformation Event Line 260-05
HAMLET carries out independent attacks on many distinct cell organelles, including mitochondria, proteasomes, and histones, and interferes with cell processes such as macroautophagy. It has been shown that HAMLET binds to the cell surface and rapidly invades cells, with tumor cells taking up far more protein than healthy, differentiated cells. The mechanism of its entry is poorly understood, but recent studies indicate that the oleic acid in the HAMLET complex interacts with phosphatidylserine and o-glycosylated mucin on the plasma membrane, both of which are expressed in greater amounts on the plasma membrane of tumor cells, possibly providing for HAMLETs specificity.[6] One of the most prominent targets of HAMLET once inside the cell is the mitochondrion. Electron microscopy has revealed physical damage to the mitochondrial membranes and assays have found cytochrome c release and activation of the caspase cascade, the most notable ones being caspases 2, 3, and 9.[7] Cell death is not ...
Fatty acids are organic acids which have a long chain of carbon and hydrogens attached to the carboxyl group. Oleic Acid is a common saturated fatty acid. Actually the bend in the carbon chain suggests that oleic acid is not completely saturated. ...
Lung cancers is certainly the most regular form of cancers. causing from SCD blockade had been completely reversed by either oleic (18:1n-9), palmitoleic acidity (16:1n-7) or cis-vaccenic acidity (18:1n-7) showing that cis-MUFA are essential elements for cancers cell growth. Additionally, co-treatment of cells with CVT-11127 and CP-640186, a particular acetylCoA carboxylase (ACC) inhibitor, do not really potentiate the development inhibitory impact of these substances, recommending that inhibition of SCD1 or ACC impacts a equivalent focus on important for cell growth, most likely MUFA, the common fatty acidity item in the path. This speculation was additional strengthened by the remark that exogenous oleic acidity reverses the anti-growth impact of SCD and ACC inhibitors. Cediranib Finally, exogenous oleic acidity refurbished the internationally reduced amounts of cell fats in cells going through a blockade of SCD activity, suggesting that energetic lipid activity is definitely needed for the ...
Sructure images and info for more than 300 fatty acids. Find species that produce a fatty acid, publications, data and phylogenetic distribituion of plants that produce a fatty acid.
1,2-Didecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine ≥99% (TLC); CAS Number: 3436-44-0; Synonyms: Didecanoyllecithin,3-sn-Phosphatidylcholine, 1,2-didecanoyl,PC,PC(10:0/10:0),(7R)-4-Hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-10-oxo-7-(1-oxodecyl)oxy-3,5,9-trioxa-4-phosphanonadecan-1-aminium 4-oxide, inner salt,1,2-Dicaprinoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine,L-α-Phosphatidylcholine, didecanoyl; find Sigma-Aldrich-P7081 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone in sesame oil, olive oil, ethyl oleate; progesterone suppositories; Crinone - Ive been on it all and had plenty of the little disasters that accompany them. Follow me in the next couple of posts as I explain the good, the bad, and the ugly.
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The contents of this website were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education, #H326T180026. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Project Officer, Susan Weigert. ...
The contents of this website were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education, #H326T180026. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Project Officer, Susan Weigert. ...
decreases the transport of saturated fatty acids out of the plastid, thereby increasing their availability to desaturation to 18:1 oleic acid; reduces the levels of saturated fatty acids and increases the levels of 18:1 oleic ...
decreases the transport of saturated fatty acids out of the plastid, thereby increasing their availability to desaturation to 18:1 oleic acid; reduces the levels of saturated fatty acids and increases the levels of 18:1 oleic ...
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Extraction: esterified glycerin with a mixture of citric, lactic, linoleic and oleic acid. This ingredient is of vegetable origin. Benefits: acts as a lubrican
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Avacado oil:  this wonderful tasting oil is a very worthy rival to olive oil. Some say it is even better for you. It is rich in oleic acid, a monounsatura
Saniclean 32oz- SANICLEAN is a blend of phosphoric acid and Sulfonate Oleic Acid. This synergistic blend provides a unique synergistic system that is
Decyl oleate sales online from base-chemicals.net. CAS: 3687-46-5Molecular Formula: C28H54O2Molecular weight:422.7272Appearance:white powderPurity:99%Storage:Avoid exposure to sunlight,Keep dry
The most prevalent fatty acids include: palmitic acid, 17.3% of total fatty acids; stearic acid, 7.16%; oleic acid, 40.27%; and ... There are 4.46 g of organic acids per 100 g of dry mushrooms, including oxalic acid (0.78 g), malic acid (2.71 g), citric acid ... The proportion of fatty acids (expressed as a percentage of total fatty acids) are 28.78% saturated, 41.51% monounsaturated, ... 0.55 g), and fumaric acid (0.23 g). Mushrooms have 22.6 mg/100 g dw of the phenolic compound 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, and 15.8 mg ...
Oleic acid max. acidity not exceeding 0,6 grams per 100 grams of oil; Panel Test score: ≥ 6.5; Number of peroxides: ≤ 14 Meq O2 ... K270: ≤ 1.50; Oleic Acid: 68.00% and 85.00%; Polyphenols: ≥ 100 p.p.m. Italian products with protected designation of origin ...
The proportion of fatty acids (expressed as a % of total fatty acids) are: palmitic acid, 10%; stearic acid, 3%; oleic acid, 36 ... The fruit bodies contain numerous polyphenols, especially a high content of rosmarinic acid, and organic acids (such as oxalic ... and linoleic acid, 42%. A comparative study of the amino acid composition of eleven Portuguese wild edible mushroom species ... Ribeiro B, Andrade PB, Silva BM, Baptista P, Seabra RM, Valento P (2008). "Comparative study on free amino acid composition of ...
... maximum acidity in total expressed in oleic acid, in weight, not exceeding grams 0,6 per 100 grams of oil; number of peroxides ... minimum oleic acid 68%. Food portal Italy portal Appellation Country of origin European Union Common Agricultural Policy ...
... is composed mainly of the mixed triglyceride esters of oleic acid and palmitic acid and of other fatty acids, along ... It consists mainly of oleic acid (up to 83%), with smaller amounts of other fatty acids including linoleic acid (up to 21%) and ... "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to oleic acid intended to replace saturated fatty acids (SFAs ... It has a free acidity, expressed as oleic acid, of not more than 0.3 grams per 100 grams (0.3%) and its other characteristics ...
Trans (Elaidic acid) Unsaturated (Oleic acid) Saturated (Stearic acid) Elaidic acid is the main trans unsaturated fatty acid ... Oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid making up 55-80% of olive oil.[40] Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid found in ... For example, oleic acid and elaidic acid are both unsaturated fatty acids with the chemical formula C9H17C9H17O2.[44] They both ... It has a much higher melting point, 45 °C, than oleic acid, 13.4 °C, due to the ability of the trans molecules to pack more ...
fatty acids. Smoke point Total[27]. Oleic. acid. (ω-9). Total[27]. α-Linolenic. acid. (ω-3). Linoleic. acid. (ω-6). ω-6:3. ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... Sunflower (, 70% oleic)[55]. 9.9. 83.7. 82.6. 3.8. 0.2. 3.6. 18:1. 232 °C (450 °F)[56] ... partial hydrogenation results in the transformation of unsaturated cis fatty acids to unsaturated trans fatty acids in the oil ...
fatty acids. Polyunsaturated. fatty acids. Smoke point Total[8]. Oleic. acid. (ω-9). Total[8]. α-Linolenic. acid. (ω-3). ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... Sunflower (, 70% oleic)[36]. 9.9. 83.7. 82.6. 3.8. 0.2. 3.6. 18:1. 232 °C (450 °F)[37] ... "Fats and fatty acids contents per 100 g (click for "more details"). Example: Avocado oil (user can search for other oils)". ...
Increased oleic acid production. Argentina. 2015. Canada. 2000. US. 1997. Stearidonic acid production. Canada. 2011. ... "Nucleic Acids Research. 33 (7): 2153-65. doi:10.1093/nar/gki509. PMC 1079968 . PMID 15831788.. ... The shikimate pathway is not present in animals, which instead obtain aromatic amino acids from their diet. More specifically, ... which is essential for the synthesis of the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan. ...
Polyunsaturated fatty acids. Smoke point Total mono[7]. Oleic acid. (ω-9). Total poly[7]. linolenic acid. (ω-3). Linoleic acid ... including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%). Both LA and ALA are essential fatty acids. In addition, hempseed ...
Increased oleic acid production Argentina 2015 Canada 2000 US 1997 Stearidonic acid production Canada 2011 ... "Nucleic Acids Research. 33 (7): 2153-65. doi:10.1093/nar/gki509. PMC 1079968. PMID 15831788.. ... The shikimate pathway is not present in animals, which instead obtain aromatic amino acids from their diet. More specifically, ... Drought resistance occurs by modifying the plant's genes responsible for the mechanism known as the crassulacean acid ...
Composed predominantly of oleic and lanoleic acids. Oleomargarine - Olive oil - used in cooking - cosmetics - soaps and as a ... Common food acids include vinegar, citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, folic acid, fumaric acid, and lactic acid. Acidity ... Citranaxanthin - color Citric acid - food acid Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - emulsifier Citrus ... Phosphated distarch phosphate - thickener, vegetable gum Phosphoric acid - food acid Phytic acid - preservative Pigment Rubine ...
The principal product of SCD is oleic acid, which is formed by desaturation of stearic acid. The ratio of stearic acid to oleic ... This is how the monounsaturated fatty acid oleic acid is produced from the saturated fatty acid stearic acid. A series of redox ... Nagai, J.; Bloch, Konrad (1965-09-01). "Synthesis of Oleic Acid by Euglena gracilis". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 240 (9 ... This phenomenon depends on increased expression of fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes that produce required fatty acids in large ...
DuPont Pioneer created a high oleic fatty acid soybean with levels of oleic acid greater than 80%, and started marketing it in ... Genetic modifications increased the amount of oleic acid and stearic acid and decreased the amount of linolenic acid. By ... Dordrecht, NL: Springer Press Anthony, Kinney J.; Susan Knowlton (1998). "Designer Oils: The High Oleic Acid Soybean". In ... These amino acids are called "essential" because animals cannot make them; only plants and micro-organisms can make them and ...
A further byproduct called tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) is a cheap source of oleic acid. Tamanu or foraha oil from the ... Brazil nut oil contains 75% unsaturated fatty acids composed mainly of oleic and linolenic acids, as well as the phytosterol, ... with smaller amounts of oleic acid (20%) and palmitic acid (7%). It has varied applications in cosmetics manufacturing and for ... Composed predominantly of oleic and linoleic acids. The greenish yellow edible oil has a pleasant taste and odor. Papaya seed ...
Oleic acid is one of their undertaking triggers. A. mexicana is found in Mexico (where is commonly called hormiga chicatana, ...
It contains vitamins and has a high content of oleic acid. The oil from the seeds is traditionally used to soften and protect ... Murumuru butter contains lauric, myristic, and oleic acids. The fruit contains a white butter that is odorless and tasteless ...
Chosen because of its wealth of oleic acid. Etiqueta Negra (Black Label): acorn-fed ham. Red Label (Etiqueta Roja): Acorn-fed ...
Capric acid,[1] n-Capric acid, n-Decanoic acid, Decylic acid, n-Decylic acid, C10:0 (Lipid numbers) ... Decanoic acid (capric acid, C10:0) is a saturated fatty acid. Its formula is CH3(CH2)8COOH. Salts and esters of decanoic acid ... Two other acids are named after goats: caproic (a C6:0 fatty acid) and caprylic (a C8:0 fatty acid). Along with decanoic acid, ... Nonanoic acid, a medium-chain fatty acid, also with antiseizure activity. References[edit]. *^ a b c d n-Decanoic acid in ...
Oleic acid vesicles represent good models of membrane protocells that could have existed in prebiotic times. Electrostatic ... Douliez, Jean-Paul; Zhendre, Vanessa; Grélard, Axelle; Dufourc, Erick J. (24 November 2014). "Aminosilane/Oleic Acid Vesicles ... Fatty acids have been synthesized in laboratories under a variety of prebiotic conditions and have been found on meteorites, ... Fatty acids of various lengths are eventually released into the surrounding water, but vesicle formation requires a higher ...
... and linoleic acid (C-18:2), 51%; and the monounsaturate oleic acid (C-18:1), 23%. It also contains the saturated fatty acids ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... The major unsaturated fatty acids in soybean oil triglycerides are the polyunsaturates alpha-linolenic acid (C-18:3), 7-10%, ... stearic acid (C-18:0), 4%, and palmitic acid (C-16:0), 10%. The high-proportion of oxidation-prone polyunsaturated fatty acid ...
These acyl groups include oleic acid and linoleic acid. Due to this composition, cardiolipin exhibits a conical structure, ... methylglutaconic acid, 3‐methylglutaric acid, and 2‐ethyl-hydracrylic acid. While 3-MGA is largely excreted in BTHS patients, ... TAZ interacts with an immature cardiolipin by adding the fatty acid linoleic acid, which catalyzes the remodeling of the ... The TAZ gene produces a 21.3 kDa protein composed of 184 amino acids. The structure of the encoded protein has been found to ...
They contained linoleic acid (40%) and oleic acid (30%). As most irises are diploid, having two sets of chromosomes, this can ... The oil content and methyl esters of fatty acids of the seed were also examined. ...
On the contrary, oleic acid remained in capsules during the back-extraction when an extractant was saturated with oleic acid. ... Dibutyl sebacate and oleic acid formed liquid cores in capsules because they do not diffuse away from capsules and have ... Dibutyl sebacate or oleic acid as liquid core extracted geldanamycin well. The bigger agitation and thinner capsule membrane ... Since dibutyl sebacate and oleic acid were different affinity for drugs, they were used concurrently. Four drugs were extracted ...
... is derived from polyethoxylated sorbitan and oleic acid. The hydrophilic groups in this compound are polyethers ... the oleic acid (see polysorbate for more detail). The full chemical names for polysorbate 80 are: Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan ...
... oleic acid; 5-11% linoleic acid; 7.5-10% palmitic acid; 1.5-3% stearic acid - the ratios are similar to that found in wild ... Another analysis of several cultivars found : 82-84% unsaturated acids of which 68-77% oleic acid; and 7-14% polyunsaturated ... Yang, Chunying; Liu, Xueming; Chen, Zhiyi; Lin, Yaosheng; Wang, Siyuan (2016), "Comparison of Oil Content and Fatty Acid ... "Fatty acid composition of Camellia oleifera oil", Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, 6 (11): 9-12, doi: ...
It is high in oleic and palmitic fatty acids (table). Açai oil is widely used for cooking and as a salad dressing. In cosmetics ... syringic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid and ferulic acid as well as (+)-catechin and numerous procyanidin ... The oil is rich in phenolic compounds similar in profile to the pulp itself, such as vanillic acid, ...
... oleic, linoleic, and arachidic; stearic and oleic acids constitute 85-90% of the fatty acids. Though a fat, it is not extracted ... The product that is extracted as fat from the kernel of the shea nuts, which has five primary fatty acids namely, palmitic, ... The shea butter produced in the Mossi plateau region of Burkina Faso has higher average stearic acid percentage and is thus ...
"Hydroxylation of the surface of PbS nanocrystals passivated with oleic acid". Science. 344 (6190): 1380-4. Bibcode:2014Sci... ... Interest in biodegradable surfactants has led to much interest in "biosurfactants" such as those derived from amino acids. ... May 2010). "Use of sustainable chemistry to produce an acyl amino acid surfactant". Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 86 (5): 1387- ... Attracting much attention is the non-biodegradability of fluorosurfactant, e.g. perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The annual ...
The nut is 50% fat of which 87% is oleic acid. The flavour is mild and is said to be between the flavour of hazelnuts and ...
"MYRISTIC ACID". ChemicalLand21.com. AroKor Holdings Inc. ശേഖരിച്ചത്: 17 June 2014.. *↑ Playfair, Lyon (2009). "XX. On a new fat ... 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Tetradecanoic acid in Linstrom, P.J.; Mallard, W.G. (eds.) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference ... വിക്കിമീഡിയ കോമൺസിലെ Myristic acid എന്ന വർഗ്ഗത്തിൽ ഇതുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട കൂടുതൽ പ്രമാണങ്ങൾ ലഭ്യമാണ്. ... acid in the butter of nutmegs". Philosophical Magazine. Series 3. 18 (115): 102-113. doi:10.1080/14786444108650255. ISSN 1941- ...
Oleic acid, Chemical Laboratory Information Profile, American Chemical Society *↑ 3,0 3,1 Alfred Thomas (2002). "Fats and Fatty ... "The inheritance of high oleic acid in peanut". http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/80/3/252. ... 2012). "ChEMBL: a large-scale bioactivity database for drug discovery". Nucleic Acids Res 40 (Database issue): D1100-7. PMID ... "Fatty acid composition of human adipose tissue from two anatomical sites in a biracial community". American Journal of ...
"Sulfonic groups anchored on mesoporous carbon Starbons-300 and its use for the esterification of oleic acid". Fuel. 100: 128- ... The chemical is typically an acid, strong base,[1][2] or a salt[20] (phosphoric acid 25%, potassium hydroxide 5%, sodium ... boric acid, petroleum products, and is particularly ineffective against poisonings of strong acids or alkali, cyanide, iron, ... Acid/water-soluble ash content is more significant than total ash content. Soluble ash content can be very important for ...
... mainly oleic acid (57% of total fat), and the polyunsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid (30% of total fat).[30] ... The ratio of oleic to linoleic acids are inverted between wind- and animal-dispersed seeds.[31][32] Further differentiation ... Their fat content consists principally of monounsaturated fatty acids, ... coincides with the development of a husk around the fruit and a drastic change in the relative concentrations of fatty acids. ...
Typical compounds used are carboxylic acids (e.g. fatty acids (most often oleic acid and stearic acid), dicarboxylic acids) and ... organic acids (monocarboxylic, e.g. formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, and dicarboxylic, e.g. oxalic acid, malonic acid ... A mixture of organic acids (resin acids, predominantly abietic acid, with pimaric acid, isopimaric acid, neoabietic acid, ... IA (Inorganic Acid) - rosin activated with inorganic acids (usually hydrochloric acid or phosphoric acid), highest activities, ...
Among the fatty acids, palmitoleic, oleic and linolenic acids were found to be the most abundant. Varying amounts of potassium ... "Desert Locust (Schistocercsa gregaria): Proximate Composition, Physiochemcial Characteristics of Lipids, Fatty Acids and ...
... linoleic acid and oleic acid), as well as decreased neuronal response to oral fatty acids.[10] ... fatty acid binding. • lipid binding. • G-protein coupled receptor activity. Cellular component. • integral component of ... GPR120 has also been shown to mediate the anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing effects of omega 3 fatty acids.[7] Lack of ... Hirasawa A, Tsumaya K, Awaji T, Katsuma S, Adachi T, Yamada M, Sugimoto Y, Miyazaki S, Tsujimoto G (2005). "Free fatty acids ...
... isoricinoleic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, jeung stearic acid ricinine, cytochrome C, Lipase sarta sababaraha enzym.[1] ... palmitic acid, stearic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, dihydroxystearic acid, triricinolein 68,2%, diricinolein 28%, ... Siki jarak ngandung minyak ricinic 40- 50 % anu ngandung glyceride tina ricinoleic acid, ...
... (TTA) is a synthetic fatty acid used as a nutritional supplement. ... 2002). "Tetradecylthioacetic acid prevents high fat diet induced adiposity and insulin resistance". Journal of Lipid Research. ... One Phase I study showed no significant changes in the blood lipids or free fatty acids[4] and another showed that TTA ... 2009). "Tetradecylthioacetic acid attenuates dyslipidaemia in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, possibly by dual ...
... mainly palmitic acid and stearic acid, while the predominant unsaturated fat is oleic acid (table). ... Yeasts produce ethanol, lactic acid bacteria produce lactic acid, and acetic acid bacteria produce acetic acid. The ... may affect the esophageal sphincter muscle in a way that permits stomach acids to enter the esophagus.[80] Theobromine ...
... oleic, and alpha-linolenic acids.[20]. Hempseed's amino acid profile is comparable to other sources of protein such as meat, ... of the energy in hempseed is in the form of fats and essential fatty acids,[19] mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic, ... products through the use of the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score method". Journal of Agricultural and Food ... milk, eggs and soy.[20] Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores (PDCAAS), which attempt to measure the degree to ...
fatty acids. Monounsaturated fatty acids. Polyunsaturated fatty acids. Smoke point. Total mono[23]. Oleic acid. (ω-9). Total ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... Sunflower (, 70% oleic)[42]. 9.9. 83.7. 82.6. 3.8. 0.2. 3.6. 227 °C (440 °F)[31] ... partial hydrogenation results in the transformation of unsaturated cis fatty acids to unsaturated trans fatty acids in the oil ...
3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Tridecanoic acid in Linstrom, P.J.; Mallard, W.G. (eds.) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference ... 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Sigma-Aldrich Co., Tridecanoic acid. Retrieved on 2014-06-17. ... "MSDS of n-Tridecanoic acid". http://www.fishersci.ca. Fisher Scientific. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 2014-06-17.. External link in ,website=. ( ... "On the crystal structures and melting point alternation of the n-alkyl carboxylic acids" (PDF). http://www.rsc.org. Royal ...
... profile of common foods; Esterified fatty acids as percentage of total fat[10] Food. Lauric acid. Myristic acid. ... nutritiondata.com → Oil, vegetable safflower, oleic Retrieved on April 10, 2017 *^ nutritiondata.com → Oil, vegetable safflower ... polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and cholesterol". European Food Safety Authority. ... Some researchers have indicated that serum myristic acid[68][69] and palmitic acid[69] and dietary myristic[70] and palmitic[70 ...
"The Inheritance of High Oleic Acid in Peanut". The Journal of Heredity. 80 (3): 252-3. 1989.. ... "Fatty acid composition of human adipose tissue from two anatomical sites in a biracial community". The American Journal of ... "In vitro use of free fatty acids bound to albumin: A comparison of protocols". BioFeedback. BioTechniques (Letter to the ...
n-Dodecanoic acid, Dodecylic acid, Dodecoic acid, Laurostearic acid, Vulvic acid, 1-Undecanecarboxylic acid, Duodecylic acid, ... 6.0 6.1 6.2 Dodecanoic acid in Linstrom, P.J.; Mallard, W.G. (eds.) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database ... 2005). Fatty Acids and Atherosclerotic Risk. In Arnold von Eckardstein (Ed.) Atherosclerosis: Diet and Drugs. Springer. pp. 171 ... Vand, V.; Morley, W. M.; Lomer, T. R. (1951). "The crystal structure of lauric acid". Acta Crystallographica. 4 (4): 324-329. ...
... oleic acid) and the other high in polyunsaturated fatty acid (linoleic acid). Currently the predominant edible oil market is ... Oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, notably linoleic acid, are considered to have some health benefits. One human study ... The assumed benefits of linoleic acid in the case of heart disease are less obvious: in one study where high-linoleic safflower ... There are two types of safflower that produce different kinds of oil: one high in monounsaturated fatty acid ( ...
The lipids found in green coffee include: linoleic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, arachidic acid, diterpenes, ... Chlorogenic acids are homologous compounds comprising caffeic acid, ferulic acid and 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid, which are ... hexanoic acid (fatty-rancid odor), heptanoic acid (fatty odor), octanoic acid (repulsive oily rancid odor); nonanoic acid (mild ... Nonvolatile chlorogenic acids[edit]. Chlorogenic acids belong to a group of compounds known as phenolic acids, which are ...
... linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid) and singly allylic sites (oleic acid) ... Compounds containing the C=C−CH2−C=C linkages, e.g. linoleic acid derivatives, are prone to autoxidation, which can lead to ...
Omega-3 fatty acids have a double bond three carbons away from the methyl carbon, whereas omega-6 fatty acids have a double ... nutritiondata.com → Oil, vegetable safflower, oleic Retrieved on April 10, 2017 *^ nutritiondata.com → Oil, vegetable safflower ... "Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid". Mayo Clinic. 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.. ... The illustration below shows the omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid. While it is the nutritional aspects of polyunsaturated fats ...
Knowing that the oil, oleic acid, had spread evenly over the water, Rayleigh calculated that the thickness of the film was 1.6 ... A.M.Bibo, C.M.Knobler and I.R.Peterson, "A Monolayer Phase Miscibility Comparison of the Long Chain Fatty Acids and Their Ethyl ... Lipid molecules with the fatty acid moiety of long carbon chains attached to a polar group have received extended attention ... I.R.Girling and G.J.Russell, "Disclinations and Annealing in Fatty-Acid Monolayers", Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 147 (1987) 141-147 ...
One example of this is the relationship between oleic acid and elaidic acid; oleic acid, the cis isomer, has a melting point of ... The cis isomer is called maleic acid and the trans isomer fumaric acid. Polarity is key in determining relative boiling point ... The two isomers of butenedioic acid have such large differences in properties and reactivities that they were actually given ... 13.4 °C, making it a liquid at room temperature, while the trans isomer, elaidic acid, has the much higher melting point of 43 ...
Polyunsaturated fatty acids. Smoke point Total mono[7]. Oleic acid. (ω-9). Total poly[7]. linolenic acid. (ω-3). Linoleic acid ... "Sunflower oil, high oleic - 70% or more as oleic acid, fat composition, 100 g". US National Nutrient Database, Release 28, ... Its fatty acid profile generally consists of 70% unsaturated fatty acids (18% monounsaturated, and 52% polyunsaturated), 26% ... saturated fatty acids.[3] When it is fully hydrogenated, its profile is 94% saturated fat and 2% unsaturated fatty acids (1.5% ...
... alpha-linolenic acid, and oleic acid. ... boric acid forms borates, e.g. trimethylborate.. *carbonic acid ... Sulfuric acid is a typical catalyst for this reaction. Many other acids are also used such as polymeric sulfonic acids. Since ... Silicotungstic acid is used to manufacture ethyl acetate by the alkylation of acetic acid by ethylene: C2H4 + CH3CO2H → CH3CO2C ... Addition of carboxylic acids to alkenes and alkynes[edit]. In the presence of palladium-based catalysts, ethylene, acetic acid ...
... or GLA (γ-linolenic acid), (INN and USAN gamolenic acid) is a fatty acid found primarily in seed oils. ... This article is about gamma-Linolenic acid. For α-Linolenic acid, see alpha-Linolenic acid. For linoleic acid (no "n"), see ... It is an isomer of α-linolenic acid, which is a polyunsaturated n−3 (omega-3) fatty acid, found in rapeseed canola oil, ... Although GLA is an n−6 fatty acid, a type of acid that is, in general, pro-inflammatory, it has anti-inflammatory properties. ( ...
... but unless a coupling agent like oleic acid is used, Triton X-100 is insoluble in kerosene, mineral spirits, and naphtha.[4] ...
Oleic acid 38% Polyunsaturated fats 37% Omega-3 fatty acids α-Linolenic: 2.2% ...
Oleic Acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid with 18 carbons and one double bond, which is commonly notated as C18:1n-9 or simply ... Retrieved from "https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Oleic_Acid&oldid=613733" ... 18:1n-9. It is also called octadecenoic acid. Its melting point is 14C and its boiling point is 286C.[1] ...
Other names: cis-9-Octadecenoic acid, tert-butyldimethylsilyl ester; Oleic acid, DMTBS; Oleic acid, TBDMS ... Oleic Acid, (Z)-, TBDMS derivative. *Formula: C24H48O2Si ... Elaidic acid, tert-butyldimethylsilyl ester. *Oleic Acid, (E ...
The breeding programme of high-oleic-acid rapeseed (HOAR) was started at NPZ/Lembke almost 10 years ago. The idea was to ... Frauen M. (1998) Breeding of High-Oleic-Acid Rapeseed (HOAR). In: Plant Oils as Fuels. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. * DOI ... The breeding programme of high-oleic-acid rapeseed (HOAR) was started at NPZ/Lembke almost 10 years ago. The idea was to ... B. Rücker and G. Röbbelen, Mutants of brassica napus with altered seed lipid fatty acid compostion. Proc 12 th Int. Symp.Plant ...
It is also a monounsaturated fatty acid. Fatty acids are the main components of food fats, oils and fat deposits in animals and ... Oleic acid, or Omega-9, is a pale yellow, oily liquid with a lard-like odor. ... Oleic acid is widely distributed in nature. The highest sources of oleic acid are avocados, olive oil, table olives and canola ... especially oleic acid. Use extra-virgin oil and avocados in salads to get the most benefit from oleic acid. If you have high ...
... cis-9-Octadecenoic acid, Elainic acid; Linear Formula: C18H34O2; find Sigma-Aldrich-O1008 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, ... Oleic acid ≥99% (GC); CAS Number: 112-80-1; EC Number: 204-007-1; Synonym: ... Oleic Acid in Cell Culture Importance and uses of oleic acid in serum-free eukaryotic, including hybridoma and Chinese Hamster ... Oleic acid may be used in the preparation of 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid and methyl ester of the 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid. ...
... octadec-9-enoic acid Other names (9Z)-Octadecenoic acid(Z)-Octadec-9-enoic acidcis-9-octadecenoic acidcis-Δ9-octadecenoic ... 9Z)-Octadecenoic acid. (Z)-Octadec-9-enoic acid. cis-9-octadecenoic acid. cis-Δ9-octadecenoic acid. Oleic acid. 18:1 cis-9 ... Reduction of oleic acid at the carboxyl end yields oleyl alcohol. Oleic acid is emitted by the decaying corpses of a number of ... Oleic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in various animal and vegetable sources. It has the formula C18H34O2 ( ...
... is naturally colorless but turns yellow or brown when exposed to air and seems to have a rancid odor to some. It has ... Oleic Acid. SKU: 82018. Oleic Acid is naturally colorless but turns yellow or brown when exposed to air and seems to have a ... cis-Delta-9-octadecanoate; 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-; cis-9-Octadecenoic acid; cis-octadec-9-enoic acid; century cd fatty acid; ... 9-Octadecenoic acid; Octadecenoic acid; oleoate Cas #: 112-80-1. C18H34O2. 282.47 ...
Testing Status of Oleic acid diethanolamine condensate M910075. CASRN: 93-83-4. Related: 13961-86-9 (OLEIC ACID DIETHANOLAMINE) ... Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Oleic Acid Diethanolamine Condensate (CASRN 93-83-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice ( ... 1-15: Assessment of Contact Hypersensitivity to Oleic Acid Diethanolamine in Female B6C3F1 Mice ...
... compound and an oleic acid component are provided where stability is improved by using oleic acid have low polar impurities ... myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, margaric acid, isostearic acid, stearic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, ... and oleic acid by using an oleic acid component that is at least 80% oleic acid. 25. The method as in any one of embodiments 22 ... oleic acid. For certain embodiments, the oleic acid component contains at least 80% oleic acid. ...
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to oleic acid intended to replace saturated fatty acids (SFAs ...
Gene Ontology Term: cellular response to oleic acid. GO ID. GO:0071400 Aspect. Biological Process. Description. Any process ... as a result of an oleic acid stimulus.. Synonyms. cellular response to oleate View GO Annotations in other species in AmiGO ...
Laboratory results showing that oleic acid dramatically cuts the expression of a gene involved in the development of breast ... Oleic acid findings will boost knowledge on olive oil. 18-Jan-2005. - Last updated on 14-Mar-2017 at 05:16. GMT ... "Although oleic acid is consumed in the diet it can also be created by the body. Epidemiological studies do not control very ... The researchers on the new study​, published in the Annals of Oncology​ last week, warn that oleic acid is just one component ...
... Back to search result Supplier. Cayman Chemical. Productcode. 90260-1. Product department. Immunology. Product ...
The effects of an oleic-acid rich formula on energy int... ... Oleic Acid. An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely ... Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid. ... Dietary oleic acid is inversely associated with pancreatic cancer - Data from food diaries in a cohort study. ... More From BioPortfolio on "Energy Dense Oleic Acid Formula to Geriatric Patients". *Related Companies*Related Events*Related ...
In the absence of glucose, a continuous infusion of oleic acid (1500 micromol/l) induced a biphasic insulin release. This ... The isolated perfused rat pancreas was utilized to investigate the effect of oleic acid on insulin secretion. ... Such an effect was not obtained when oleic acid in the medium was 750 micromol/l, but it was observed in the presence of oleic ... Effect of oleic acid on insulin secretion by the isolated perfused rat pancreas Diabetologia. 1979 Apr;16(4):267-73. doi: ...
... fatty acids and mixtures of fatty acids such as Stearic Acid, Oleic Acid, Lauric Acid, Palmitic Acid and Myristic Acid are used ... Fatty Acids Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid and Palmitic Acid may be used in cosmetics and personal care ... Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid and Palmitic Acid are fatty acids that occur naturally in some foods. In ... Myristic Acid, Palmitic Acid. *Surfactant. cleansing agent - Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic ...
OLEIC ACID is used in manufacturing process of pharmaceutical products. List bellow has OLEIC ACID as ingredient during ... Ingredient OLEIC ACID was found in these prescription drugs:. *Diclofenac Sodium USP 3 Percent Cream 29e55730-b8da-4e38-8d1a- ... OLEIC ACID is part of manufacturing ingredient used in FDA Database. When you consume you prescription drug make sure that you ... are not allergic to this OLEIC ACID. This will change the way your body absorbs prescription drug your doctor provided you with ...
Oleic acid is a naturally occuring fatty acid that can be derived from vegetable or animal (tallow) oils. ecostore only uses ...
We report an easy and fast coprecipitation method exploiting oleic acid to synthesize spherical-shaped, small-sized doped ZnO- ... Facile Chemical Synthesis of Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Exploiting Oleic Acid by Sugata Barui 1, Roberto Gerbaldo 1, Nadia Garino 1 ... We report an easy and fast coprecipitation method exploiting oleic acid to synthesize spherical-shaped, small-sized doped ZnO- ... "Facile Chemical Synthesis of Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Exploiting Oleic Acid." Nanomaterials 10, no. 6: 1150. ...
... oleic acid was selected to form ionic complexes with lycobetaine (LBT). The nanoemulsion loaded with LBT-oleic acid complex ( ... oleic acid, polyethylene glycol, nanoemulsion, in vivo studies, antitumor activity ... Nanoemulsion loaded with lycobetaine-oleic acid ionic complex: physicochemical characteristics, in vitro, in vivo evaluation, ... oleic acid was selected to form ionic complexes with lycobetaine (LBT). The nanoemulsion loaded with LBT-oleic acid complex ( ...
Palmitic acid and DGAT1 deficiency enhance osteoclastogenesis, while oleic acid-induced triglyceride formation prevents it.. ... Palmitic Acid and DGAT1 Deficiency Enhance Osteoclastogenesis, while Oleic Acid-Induced Triglyceride Formation Prevents It ... Palmitic Acid and DGAT1 Deficiency Enhance Osteoclastogenesis, while Oleic Acid-Induced Triglyceride Formation Prevents It ... Palmitic Acid and DGAT1 Deficiency Enhance Osteoclastogenesis, while Oleic Acid-Induced Triglyceride Formation Prevents It ...
Sepsis is initiated by the host response to infection with organ damage, increased plasma free fatty acids, high levels of ... Olive oil is mostly composed of the monounsaturated fatty acid omega-9. We showed omega-9 protects septic mice modulating lipid ... enteral injection can further contribute to the already known beneficial properties facilitated by unsaturated fatty acid- ... Omega-9 or Palmitic Acid Treatment. Mice were given a daily dose of omega-9 (oleic acid, 18 : 1 (n-9), Sigma) or palmitic acid ...
C-labeled oleic acid. This method is based on the observation that in the crystal structure of HSA complexed with oleic acid, ... Determining molecular binding sites on human serum albumin by displacement of oleic acid.. Sarver R.W., Gao H., Tian F. ... Thus, binding of molecules to these sites can be followed by their displacement of oleic acids. Furthermore, the amount of ... C-methyl-labeled oleic acid as a result of its binding to HSA. Resonances corresponding to the major drug-binding sites were ...
An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the ... Fatty Acids: 6864*Unsaturated Fatty Acids: 3881*Monounsaturated Fatty Acids: 255*Oleic Acids: 38*Oleic Acid: 1719*osteum: 48 ... Oleate; 9-Octadecenoic Acid; cis-9-Octadecenoic Acid; 9 Octadecenoic Acid; Acid, 9-Octadecenoic; Acid, Oleic; Acid, cis-9- ... Oleic Acid (Oleate). Subscribe to New Research on Oleic Acid An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and ...
Using genetic and pharmacological experiments, we found the consumption of oleate, a monounsaturated fatty acid produced by the ... stearic acid, OA = oleic acid, GLA = γ-linoleic acid, AA = arachidonic acid, ETA = eicosatetraenoic acid, PA = palmitoleic acid ... The beneficial effects of oleic acid to health are well known39, but in C. elegans oleic acid can actually stunt growth29 (Fig ... All the fatty acids tested were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (USA), with sodium salts used for stearic acid and oleic acid. ...
This market research report examines the foreign trade of Armenia and its perspectives on the global market for oleic acid. The ... 1. RESUME: ARMENIA TRADE OF OLEIC ACID. 1.1. Oleic Acid description. 1.2. Armenia share in world trade of oleic acid. 1.3. ... 2. ARMENIA EXPORTS OF OLEIC ACID. 2.1. Key consumers of oleic acid from Armenia (2006-2016). 2.2. Armenia exports of oleic acid ... ARMENIA IMPORTS OF OLEIC ACID. 3.1. Major suppliers of oleic acid for Armenia (2006-2016). 3.2. Armenia imports of oleic acid, ...
The CSV is a delimited data format that has fields/columns separated by the semicolon character and records/rows separated by newlines. Fields that may contain a special character (semicolon, newline, or double quote), are enclosed in double quotes. For an easier handling, the list of Pre-registered substances is available in four parts ordered by EC number. They contain the same information as the following full list.. ...
These nanobiointerfaces are prepared through the self-assembly of oleic acid (OA) with the human cathelicidin LL-37 in excess ... pH-Triggered nanostructural transformations in antimicrobial peptide/oleic acid self-assemblies M. Gontsarik, M. Mohammadtaheri ...
Fatty acids have been widely used as adjuvant, vehicles in drug delivery viz penetration enhancers in topical delivery and in ... Vesicles were prepared by film hydration method using oleic acid as a fatty acid principal component. Developed vesicles were ... On the basis of sustained release behavior and skin retention it can be inferred that oleic acid vesicles can serve as a ... Oleic Acid / administration & dosage*, chemical synthesis*, pharmacokinetics. Skin Absorption / drug effects, physiology. ...
Linoleic Acid, Oleic Acid, Glycyrrhetinic Acid, Thioctic Acid, Ceramide AP, Palmitic Acid, Ceramide EOP, Linolenic Acid, ... The acids in Advanced Acid Repair Oleic Rapid Recovery Milk refer to omega fatty acids, which this fluid, serum-like ... Oleic acid, an omega-9 fatty acid, replenishes skins lipid layer - an essential component of the skin barrier. Paired with NIA ... Advanced Acid Repair Oleic Rapid Recovery Milk. 1.00 fl. oz. for $ 79.00 ...
  • Oleic acid is the most abundant fatty acid in human adipose tissue, and second in abundance in human tissues overall, following palmitic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of high sn-2 palmitic acid based infant formula on intestinal parameters in term formula fed infants. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid and Palmitic Acid are fatty acids that occur naturally in some foods. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • In cosmetics and personal-care products, fatty acids and mixtures of fatty acids such as Stearic Acid, Oleic Acid, Lauric Acid, Palmitic Acid and Myristic Acid are used in a variety of cosmetic creams, cakes, soaps and pastes. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Few effects were was observed in acute toxicity testing when Oleic, Lauric, Palmitic, Myristic or Stearic Acid or cosmetic formulations containing these fatty acids were studied. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Results from topical application of Oleic, Palmitic and Stearic Acid to the skin produced little or no apparent toxicity. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cosmetic product formulations containing Oleic, Lauric, Palmitic and Stearic Acids at concentrations ranging up to 13% were not primary or cumulative irritants, nor sensitizers. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid and Palmitic Acid may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union . (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Palmitic acid and DGAT1 deficiency enhance osteoclastogenesis, while oleic acid-induced triglyceride formation prevents it. (nih.gov)
  • Here we show that palmitic acid (PA, 16:0) enhances receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated osteoclastogenesis and is sufficient to induce osteoclast differentiation even in the absence of RANKL. (nih.gov)
  • In fact the saturated fat, palmitic acid, takes its name from the plant that produces coconuts, the palm tree. (metabolism.com)
  • Palmitic and oleic acid inhibit 14C-labelled acetate incorporation into sterols in a similar manner to sterols. (nih.gov)
  • The inhibition of acetate incorporation into sterols in human keratinocytes by 50 microM palmitic and 50 microM oleic acid is not due to regulation of HMG-CoA synthase at the level of transcription. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we aimed to identify the mechanisms underlying the different effects of palmitic acid and oleic acid on human pancreatic beta cell function. (frontiersin.org)
  • To address this problem, the oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation, apoptosis and their mediator molecules have been investigated in the insulin releasing beta cells exposed to palmitic and/or oleic acid. (frontiersin.org)
  • Herein, we have demonstrated that in cultured 1.1B4 beta cells oleic acid promotes neutral lipid accumulation and insulin secretion, whereas palmitic acid is poorly incorporated into triglyceride and it does not stimulate insulin secretion from human pancreatic islets at physiologically glucose concentrations. (frontiersin.org)
  • The supplementation of saturated palmitic acid with the monounsaturated oleic acid reversed the negative effects of palmitic acid alone regulating insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells through ROS, MMP-2, ATF6, XBP1u, IL8 reduction and SOD2, PTP-1B activation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our findings have shown the protective action of oleic acid against palmitic acid on beta cell lipotoxicity through promotion of triglyceride accumulation and insulin secretion and regulation of some effector molecules involved in oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation and apoptosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Among the three main abundant FFAs, saturated non-esterified fatty acid (palmitic acid, PA) and monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid, OA) are the most common. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therefore, we studied the effect on serum lipids and lipoproteins of diets rich in lauric, palmitic, or oleic acids. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The calculated nutrient composition was the same in each diet except for approximately equal to 8.5% of energy, which was provided by lauric, palmitic, or oleic acids. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • HDL-cholesterol concentrations with the palmitic acid and the oleic acid diet were the same. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • We conclude that both lauric and palmitic acids are hypercholesterolemic compared with oleic acid. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Lauric acid raises total cholesterol concentrations more than palmitic acid, which is partly due to a stronger rise in HDL cholesterol. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Temme EH, Mensink RP, Hornstra G. Comparison of the effects of diets enriched in lauric, palmitic, or oleic acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins in healthy women and men. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Both UFAs are formed in S. cerevisiae by the oxygen- and NADH-dependent desaturation of palmitic acid (C 16:0 ) and stearic acid (C 18:0 ), respectively, catalyzed by a single integral membrane desaturase encoded by the OLE1 gene. (asm.org)
  • Prasad, P.S.S.: Esterification of palmitic acid on the ammonium salt of 12-tungstophosphoric acid: the influence of partial proton exchange on the activity of the catalyst. (springer.com)
  • Apoptosis is not the main form of cell death caused by palmitic acid induced Lipotoxicity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Italian, Spanish and Greek olive oils are high in oleic acid and low in palmitic and linoleic acids, while Tunisian olive oils are high in palmitic and linoleic acids but lower in oleic acid . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • the other high in palmitic and linoleic acids and low in oleic acid . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • It should be noted that oleic acid is formed first in the fruit, and data seem to indicate a competitive relationship between oleic acid and palmitic , palmitoleic , and linoleic acids. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • On the contrary, if we consider oils that have undergone a nonenzymatic esterification, the percentage of palmitic acid in the sn- 2 position increases significantly. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Oleic acid is the most abundant fatty acid in human adipose tissue, and second in abundance in human tissues overall only to palmitic acid. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • Nutritional risk screening (NRS) 2002 and serum lipids and fatty acid profiles were analysed. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We also investigate the regulation of cholesterol synthesis by fatty acids, which are another important constituent of the stratum corneum lipids. (nih.gov)
  • It has been found that S. cerevisiae cells grown in the presence of ethanol appear to increase the amount of monounsaturated fatty acids in cellular lipids ( 1 , 4 , 26 ). (asm.org)
  • Although the correlation between ethanol tolerance and increased degree of fatty acid unsaturation of membrane lipids of S. cerevisiae is well documented, a causal relationship is not yet established. (asm.org)
  • Instead fatty acids such as oleic acid occur as their esters, commonly triglycerides, which are the greasy materials in many natural oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Triglycerides of oleic acid comprise the majority of olive oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ethenolysis, methyl oleate, the methyl ester of the acid, converts to 1-decene and methyl 9-decenoate: CH 3(CH 2) 7CH=CH(CH 2) 7CO 2Me + CH2=CH2 → CH3(CH2)7CH=CH2 + MeO2C(CH2)7CH=CH2 Oleic acid is used as a component in many foods, in the form of its triglycerides. (wikipedia.org)
  • When 14C-oleic acid was administered to the jejunal loop, most of the penetrating oleic acid was incorporated into triglycerides in epithelial cells and transferred exclusively into the lymph. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It is composed of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids , esterified almost entirely to glycerol to form triglycerides (or triacylglycerols). (tuscany-diet.net)
  • As previously said, fatty acids in olive oil are almost entirely present as triglycerides . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Triglycerides containing three saturated fatty acids or three molecules of alpha-linolenic acid have not been reported. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Fatty acids taken up by tissues are then stored in the form of triglycerides or oxidized 2 . (drugbank.com)
  • Triglycerides of oleic acid compose the majority of olive oil, although there may be less than 2.0% as free acid in virgin olive oil, with higher concentrations making the olive oil inedible. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • Mepitiostane (MP), epitiostanol (EP), and oleic acid were administered to the jejunal loop of mesenteric vein- and thoracic duct-cannulated rats, and the intrinsic lymphatic partition rate (ILPR) of the absorbed compounds was directly determined. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We investigated a possible role of endogenous secretin and cholecystokinin (CCK) in inhibition of gastric acid secretion induced by intraduodenal administration of oleic acid in rats. (springer.com)
  • Thus, the results of this study indicate that endogenous secretin rather than CCK is involved in the hormonal mechanism regulating the inhibition of gastric acid secretion by intestinal fat in rats. (springer.com)
  • Oleic acid vesicles dispersed in Carbopol 934R gel were subjected to in-vivo evaluation in male Sprague Dawley rats through measurement of plasma concentration and tissue distribution of Propranolol hydrochloride. (eurekaselect.com)
  • In the present study, we investigated BBB alterations in rats treated oleic acid (OA) delivered intra-arterially. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Protective function of melatonin to acute lung injury and its mechanisms in rats caused by oleic acid]. (pubfacts.com)
  • To observe the expression of P-selectin (Ps), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) in lung tissues of acute lung injury (ALI) rat model induced by oleic acid (OA) and to explore the protective effects of melatonin (MT) in lung tissues in rats. (pubfacts.com)
  • The oleic acid (OA) model of acute lung injury in rats is characterized by a massive and rapid influx of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) within 1 h, with a peak inflammatory response at 4 h and resolution by 72 h. (elsevier.com)
  • Following oral administration of Brucea javanica oil emulsion in rats, the time of oleic acid to reach peak plasma concentration was approximately 15.6 hours 1 . (drugbank.com)
  • Oleic acid is widely used in the solution phase synthesis of nanoparticles, functioning as a kinetic knob to control the size and morphology of nanoparticles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cauda, V. Facile Chemical Synthesis of Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Exploiting Oleic Acid. (mdpi.com)
  • Barui S, Gerbaldo R, Garino N, Brescia R, Laviano F, Cauda V. Facile Chemical Synthesis of Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Exploiting Oleic Acid. (mdpi.com)
  • Free fatty acids are involved in the pathogenesis of obesity vascular complications, and we have aimed to clarify whether oleic acid (OA) enhances VEGF synthesis/secretion in VSMC, and whether this effect is impaired in obesity. (mdpi.com)
  • Generally, phytosterol (β-sitosterol) and ergosterol supplementation resulted in similar responses regarding the production of aromas, however, they differed in the magnitude of the response in the case of medium chain fatty acids and acetate esters synthesis. (scielo.org.za)
  • Bahadır, Faruk 2017-07-19 00:00:00 This work refers to the synthesis of a new double hydrophilic thermo-responsive polymer using fatty acid macroperoxide initiator, N-isopropyl acryl amide (NIPAM) and polyethylene glycol with two primary amine ends (PEGNH2). (deepdyve.com)
  • Pan L, He M, Ma J, Tang W, Gao G, He R, Su H, Cui D. Phase and Size Controllable Synthesis of NaYbF 4 Nanocrystals in Oleic Acid/ Ionic Liquid Two-Phase System for Targeted Fluorescent Imaging of Gastric Cancer. (thno.org)
  • Abstract: Ordinary fatty acids such as oleic, elaidic and stearic acids exist as their hydrogen-bonded dimers. (l-va.nl)
  • The trans isomer of oleic acid is called elaidic acid or trans-9-octadecenoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the trans isomer of oleic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Free oleic acid renders olive oil inedible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oleic acid may be responsible for the hypotensive (blood pressure reducing) effects of olive oil that is considered a health benefit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Olive oil is a rich source of oleic acid. (livestrong.com)
  • The highest sources of oleic acid are avocados, olive oil, table olives and canola oil. (livestrong.com)
  • If possible, do not heat olive oil at very high temperatures, which will degrade the fats in the oil, especially oleic acid. (livestrong.com)
  • Oleic acid makes up 55-80% of olive oil, though there may be only 0.5-2.5% or so as actual free acid, and 15-20% of grape seed oil and Sea buckthorn oil. (bionity.com)
  • The fatty acid is present in high levels in olive oil, traditionally consumed by southern European populations, and considered one of the elements that contributes to their low incidence of heart disease and cancer. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The researchers on the new study ​, published in the Annals of Oncology ​ last week, warn that oleic acid is just one component of olive oil, and further, that as their tests were done in vitro ​, they do not even prove the benefits of oleic acid in human clinical practice, much less the benefits of olive oil. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Olive oil is mostly composed of the monounsaturated fatty acid omega-9. (hindawi.com)
  • Compare this to the fat in dark chocolate which is 30% oleic acid, the healthy monounsaturated fat found in olive oil. (metabolism.com)
  • Experimental diets provided 30% fat (olive oil or NuSun sunflower oil contributed one half of the total fat), 8.3% vs 7.9% saturated fatty acid, 17.2% vs 14.2% monounsaturated fatty acid, and 4.3% vs. 7.7% PUFA (olive oil and NuSun sunflower oil, respectively), and 294 mg cholesterol. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • How Oleic Acid in Olive Oil Reduces Blood Pressure. (slideserve.com)
  • TRL were isolated from nine men after the intake of meals enriched with high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) or virgin olive oil (VOO) or VOO enriched with minor components (EVO). (csic.es)
  • It didn't take long to find out that Virgin Olive Oil has a provision for free Oleic Acid - it has to be kept to below 0.8% (at least here in Australia it does) of the oil to pass. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Standard Olive Oil can have up to 2% Oleic Acid before it is failed. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Biologists at University of York in the U.K. developed a new form of hemp plant that produces seeds with oil containing a high volume of oleic acid, a nutritious fatty acid like that found in olive oil. (technewslit.com)
  • Oleic acid is the major fatty acid in olive oils. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • According to the rules laid down by the International Olive Oil Council (IOOC), its concentration must range from 55% to 83% of total fatty acids . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • In a Mediterranean-type diet , olive oil is the main source of fat: therefore, oleic acid , among monounsaturated fatty acids , and linoleic acid , among polyunsaturated fatty acids , are the most abundant fatty acids . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • However, because of to its high degree of unsaturation (higher than that of linoleic acid ), it is very susceptible to oxidation, and therefore it promotes rancidity of the olive oil that contains it. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • The most common vegetable sources of oleic acid include avocados, palm oil, olive oil, table olives, canola oil and others. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • The term "oleic" means related to, or derived from, olive oil which is mostly composed of oleic acid. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • Specifically, oleic acid, abundant in olive oil, inhibits the production of several pro-inflammatory substances, such as Interleukin 2 (IL-2), natural killer cells (NK), interferon-gamma (INF-γ) and vascular cell adhesion molecules (VCAM). (spectracell.com)
  • Argon - propellant Rocket (Arugula) Asafoetida - Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) - antioxidant (water-soluble) Ascorbyl palmitate - antioxidant (fat soluble) Ascorbyl stearate - antioxidant (fat soluble) Aspartame - artificial sweetener Astaxanthin - color Avocado oil - used a substitute for olive oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sigma's oleic acid is a clear, colorless to very faint yellow viscous liquid. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Oleic Acid is naturally colorless but turns yellow or brown when exposed to air and seems to have a rancid odor to some. (chemistrystore.com)
  • A colorless, syrupy, strongly acidic liquid that can form detergents with oleic acid. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Oleic acid, also referred to as Omega-9, is a colorless or pale yellow, odorless unsaturated fatty acid. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • In chemical terms, oleic acid is classified as a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, abbreviated with a lipid number of 18:1 cis-9. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oleic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in various animal and vegetable sources. (bionity.com)
  • Oleic acid, an omega-9 fatty acid, replenishes skin's lipid layer - an essential component of the skin barrier. (beautypedia.com)
  • In chemical terms, oleic acid is classified as a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • We report an easy and fast coprecipitation method exploiting oleic acid to synthesize spherical-shaped, small-sized doped ZnO-NCs. (mdpi.com)
  • 42A2 produced (E)-10-hydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid and (E)-7,10-dihydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid when grown on oleic acid. (csic.es)
  • We report a methodology for the isolation of peroxisome membranes from the yeast Candida tropicalis pK233 grown on oleic acid, and the characterization of the polypeptide and lipid compositions of these membranes. (biologists.org)
  • The isolated perfused rat pancreas was utilized to investigate the effect of oleic acid on insulin secretion. (nih.gov)
  • The work aimed to investigate the effect of oleic acid (OA) content on properties of CS-OA film. (mdpi.com)
  • Zhao, J. Dispersion Process and Effect of Oleic Acid on Properties of Cellulose Sulfate- Oleic Acid Composite Film. (mdpi.com)
  • Corn oil, butterfat, soybean oil and sunflower oil are fair sources of oleic acid. (livestrong.com)
  • Intravenous infusion of secretin (0.05 CU/kg/hr) inhibited pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion, but CCK-8 (0.03 μ/kg/hr) failed, although intravenous infusion of secretin, and CCK in those doses produced plasma levels comparable to the levels achieved in response to oleic acid administration. (springer.com)
  • If you're one of the 50% of people sensitive to oleic acid, the best option is to treat the symptoms to keep dandruff away . (headandshoulders.co.uk)
  • Specifically in sheep, intravenous administration of oleic acid causes acute lung injury with corresponding pulmonary edema. (wikipedia.org)
  • Utilization of lactic acid in human myotubes and interplay with glucose and fatty acid metabolism. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Effect of dietary fat on hepatic metabolism of 14C-oleic acid and very low density lipoprotein triglyceride in the gerbil. (harvard.edu)
  • High oleic variants of plant sources such as sunflower (~80%) and canola oil (70%) also have been developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the effects of a trans fat-free monounsaturated fatty acid-rich vegetable oil (NuSun sunflower oil, National Sunflower Association, Bismark, ND) that is a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and low in saturated fatty acids on lipid and lipoprotein levels and oxidative stress. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • I found a level of 0.05% Free Oleic Acid in a specification for Sunflower Seed Oil (high Oleic Acid grade) and values ranging from 0.5-3.7% in Canola oil depending on how it had been processed and its age. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • It also makes up 59-75% of pecan oil, 61% of canola oil, 36-67% of peanut oil, 60% of macadamia oil, 20-85% of sunflower oil (the latter in the high oleic variant), 15-20% of grape seed oil, sea buckthorn oil, and sesame oil, and 14% of poppyseed oil. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an oleic acid stimulus. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Furthermore, the oleic acid-induced suppression of gastic acid secretion was blocked significantly by intravenous injection of rabbit anti-secretin serum (0.1 ml), but not by intravenous infusion of a CCK-receptor antagonist, CR 1409 (5 mg/kg/hr). (springer.com)
  • Grossman MI: Regulation of gastric acid secretion. (springer.com)
  • Shaffalitzky de Muckadell OB, Olsen O, Canto P, Magid E: Concentrations of secretin and CCK in plasma and pancreaticobiliary secretion in response to intraduodenal acid and fat. (springer.com)
  • Shiratori K, Jo YH, Lee KY, Chang TM, Chey WY: Effect of pancreatic juice and trypsin on oleic acid-stimulated pancreatic secretion and plasma secretin in dogs. (springer.com)
  • Chey WY, Sivasomboon B, Hendricks J: Actions and interactions of gut hormones and histamine on gastric secretion of acid in the rat. (springer.com)
  • In the present study we investigated the influence of TRL isolated from man after the intake of oleic acid-rich oils with different minor component compositions on VLDL secretion by rat primary hepatocytes. (csic.es)
  • These results suggest that incorporation of minor components from dietary high-oleic oils into TRL modulates the effect of these atherogenic particles on VLDL secretion. (csic.es)
  • Determining molecular binding sites on human serum albumin by displacement of oleic acid. (uniprot.org)
  • Using genetic and pharmacological experiments, we found the consumption of oleate, a monounsaturated fatty acid produced by the mother, during matriphagy is partially responsible. (nature.com)
  • abstract = "The enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and 1-butanol to butyl oleate was performed in an aqueous-organic system in capillary microreactors with various inner diameters operated under slug flow. (rug.nl)
  • X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic studies of oleic acid-sodium oleate. (l-va.nl)
  • The sodium oleate-oleic acid (1:1) complex (NaHOl(2)) is characterized using of characteristic vibrations of carboxylic acid dimer and of carboxylate groups. (l-va.nl)
  • In contrast, oleic acid (OA, 18:1) does not enhance osteoclast differentiation, leads to increased intracellular triglyceride accumulation, and inhibits PA-induced osteoclastogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • A little bit of digging and a dash of experience shows me that the Oleic Acid 'fatty acid' in a fat is part of a triglyceride. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • I know that Oleic acid is present in some vegetable oils BUT not usually as the free acid, as part of a triglyceride. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Does Oleic Acid in a triglyceride have the same skin penetration properties as FREE oleic acid? (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Free Oleic Acid can be formed in any oil that has an oleic acid based triglyceride and its presence can be hastened by the usual suspects - heat, UV light, oxygen, water but also before that from a poorly managed crop or distillation process. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • To answer the question (in my head) about skin penetration potential of the Free Fatty Acid vs the Triglyceride I have to think both about the Free oleic acid chemistry and about the barrier damaging potential. (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Trilinolein (LLL) is a triglyceride that contains three molecules of linoleic acid . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • How can one determine whether Product O1008, Oleic acid, has undergone oxidation? (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Osteoclasts are associated with increased levels of fatty acid oxidation. (nih.gov)
  • Peroxisomes compartmentalize a number of essential biochemical functions, including the β-oxidation of fatty acids (Lazarow and de Duve, 1976) and the decomposition of H 2 O 2 by catalase (de Duve and Baudhuin, 1966). (rupress.org)
  • Like most fatty acids, oleic acid may undergo oxidation via beta-oxidation and tricarboxylic acid cycle pathways of catabolism, where an additional isomerization reaction is required for the complete catabolism of oleic acid. (drugbank.com)
  • In the presence of oleic acid 1500 micromol/l, the insulin response to 10 mmol/l arginine occurred earlier, the total amount of insulin released in response to the amino acid being unchanged. (nih.gov)
  • Such an effect was not obtained when oleic acid in the medium was 750 micromol/l, but it was observed in the presence of oleic acid 1500 micromol/l when the concentration of albumin in the perfusate was increased from 2 g/100 ml to 4 g/100 ml. (nih.gov)
  • The insulin response to a continuous infusion of glucose (4.4 mmol/l and 16.7 mmol/l) was potentiated by the presence of oleic acid 1500 micromol/l in the perfusate. (nih.gov)
  • Reduction of the carboxylic acid group yields oleyl alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduction of oleic acid at the carboxyl end yields oleyl alcohol. (bionity.com)
  • OLEIC ACID is part of manufacturing ingredient used in FDA Database. (prescriptiondrugs.com)
  • List bellow has OLEIC ACID as ingredient during manufacturing. (prescriptiondrugs.com)
  • In this study, we employ HZSM-5-supported nano-Ni metal particles as the catalyst to deoxygenate oleic acid, the most common ingredient of fatty acids, in both CO 2 and H 2 atmospheres. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Oleic acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in various animal and vegetable fats and oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stearic Acid, also known as Octadecanoic Acid, is obtained from animal and vegetable fats and oils. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Oleic acid is a naturally occuring fatty acid that can be derived from vegetable or animal (tallow) oils. (ecostoreusa.com)
  • ecostore only uses oleic acid derived from non-animal (vegetable) sources. (ecostoreusa.com)
  • How much FREE oleic acid is usually floating around in a vegetable oil? (personalcaretruth.com)
  • Does the amount of FREE oleic acid in a vegetable oil change over time in any way? (personalcaretruth.com)
  • The presence of fatty acids that should be absent or present in amounts different than those found is a marker of adulteration with other vegetable oils. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Generally, oleic acid is an essential part of human diet as it is present in both vegetable oils as well as animal fats. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • In APAC region, the ASEAN countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and others are the major producers of oleic acid owing to the large sources of natural raw materials i.e vegetable oils and fats. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Dimerization of vegetable oleic acid or tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) yields dimer acids, originally introduced in the. (l-va.nl)
  • abstract = "Although oxygenation improves in patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome and in animals with oleic acid- (OA) induced acute lung injury when they are turned from the supine to the prone position, the mechanism(s) by which this improvement occurs is not known. (elsevier.com)
  • A group of men (n=96) who had been diagnosed as infertile for at least 18 months were given the following nutritional formulation daily for four months: L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, fructose, citric acid, selenium, coenzyme Q10, zinc, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and folic acid (see abstract for exact dosages). (spectracell.com)
  • It is also called octadecenoic acid. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Jun 27, 2001 Because the names oleic acid, octadecenoic acid, and tall oil fatty The "dimer acid" process also produces "monomer acid" as a co-product. (l-va.nl)
  • Active Folate vs Folic Acid: what's the big debate around folate? (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The supplemented group consumed 500 mL/d of a fortified dairy product containing eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, oleic acid, folic acid, and vitamins A, B-6, D, and E. The control group consumed 500 mL/d of semi-skimmed milk with added vitamins A and D. The patients received supervised exercise training, lifestyle and dietary recommendations, and they were instructed to consume the products in addition to their regular diet. (ovid.com)
  • Plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, oleic acid, folic acid, vitamin B-6, and vitamin E increased after supplementation (P (ovid.com)
  • This review emphasizes how methyl donor nutrients such as choline, folic acid and methionine interact and how consumption (via supplement or food) of one can have sparing effect s on another - such as choline's sparing effect on methionine, for example. (spectracell.com)
  • Dietary oleic acid is inversely associated with pancreatic cancer - Data from food diaries in a cohort study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Dietary oleic acid may prevent pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) by reducing hyperinsulinaemia which can otherwise promote DNA damage and tumour growth. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Review of diagnostic use of 3 H-oleic acid in pancreatic function: N. T. Pedersen, Digestion 37, Suppl. (drugfuture.com)
  • Here we described a simple method to produce magnetite nanoparticles with size smaller than 20 nm, in a narrow size distribution, with acid oleic-coated surface by solvothermal method using Fe(acac) 3 as metal precursor and oleic acid for all other functions (solvent, reducing agent and surfactant). (springer.com)
  • Oleic acid surfactant in polycaprolactone/hydroxya. (fapesp.br)
  • As an emulsifier or surfactant, oleic acid is used in cosmetics and personal care products - it used for the manufacturing of lotions, lipsticks, creams, etc. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • The oleic acid functionalization confers to the system a high hydrophobic character, which avoids cargo release unless surfactant molecules are present. (upv.es)
  • Studies using product formulations containing Oleic and Stearic Acids indicate that neither were sensitizers nor photosensitizing agents. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • In primary and cumulative irritation clinical studies, Oleic, Myristic and Stearic Acids at high concentrations were nonirritating. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Development and characterization of oleic acid vesicles for the topical delivery of fluconazole. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rat model of ALI was established by intravenous injection of oleic acid (OA). (pubfacts.com)
  • Elaidic acid, the most abundant trans fatty acid in diet, appears to have an adverse effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The market growth is also being supported by the abundant availability of oleic acid. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Oleic acid increases uptake and decreases the P-gp-mediated efflux of the veterinary anthelmintic Ivermectin. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Fatty acid uptake by different tissues may be mediated via passive diffusion to facilitated diffusion or a combination of both 2 . (drugbank.com)
  • A reaction that converts oleic acid to elaidic acid is called elaidinization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elaidic acid is a chemical compound with the formula C 18H 34O 2, specifically the fatty acid with structural formula HO(O=)C-(CH2-)7CH=CH-(CH2-)8H, with the double bond (between carbon atoms 9 and 10) in trans configuration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elaidic acid is an unsaturated trans fatty acid, with code C18:1 trans-9. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name of the elaidinization reaction comes from elaidic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elaidic acid occurs naturally in small amounts in caprine and bovine milk (very roughly 0.1% of the fatty acids) and in some meats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elaidic acid increases plasma cholesterylester transfer protein (CETP) activity which lowers HDL cholesterol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty acids are the main components of food fats, oils and fat deposits in animals and man. (livestrong.com)
  • So, does that mean that the oils listed above that are high in Oleic Acid are damaging to the skin? (personalcaretruth.com)
  • It occurs naturally in greater quantities than any other fatty acid, being present as glycerides in most fats and oils. (conservation-us.org)
  • In this paper, we introduced a simple method for the preparation of magnetite nanoparticles using only iron (III) acetylacetonate as metal precursor and oleic acid for all the other functions. (springer.com)
  • Sun and Zeng [ 25 ] used phenyl ether, oleic acid, oleylamine and 1-2-hexadecanediol to obtain 4 nm nanoparticles and for obtaining larger particles (12 and 16 nm) they used a seed-mediated growth method. (springer.com)
  • 27 ] used benzyl ether, oleic acid and oleylamine to obtain nanoparticles smaller than 20 nm. (springer.com)
  • The salts and esters of oleic acid are called oleates. (wikipedia.org)
  • In chemical analysis, fatty acids are separated by gas chromatography of their methyl ester derivatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of some of the market participants in the global oleic acids market identified across the value chain include Eastman Chemical Company, Berg + Schmidt, VVF L.L.C., Klk Oleo Sdn. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Oleic acid may be used in the preparation of 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid and methyl ester of the 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The combinations of sterols with oleic acid resulted in a response more closely associated with the oleic acid control treatment, showing lower levels of acetate ester production. (scielo.org.za)
  • To evaluate the traditional use, the mosquito repellent property of Thalictrum javanicumand to confirm the predicted larvicidal activity of the isolated compound, oleic acid, eicosyl ester from its aerial parts by PASS software, the present study was carried out using 4th instar stage larvae of the mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti(dengue vector) and Culex quinquefasciatus(filarial vector). (ijpsonline.com)
  • The isolated compound, oleic acid, eicosyl ester was found to be the most effective larvicide against A. aegypti (LC50/24 h -8.51 ppm) and C. quinquefasciatus (LC50/24 h - 12.5 ppm) than the crude methanol extract (LC50/24 h - 257.03 ppm and LC50/24 h - 281.83 ppm, respectively). (ijpsonline.com)
  • The impact of oleic acid, eicosyl ester on reducing the activity of chitinase and ecdysone 20-monooxygenase was most prominent in both the target species, A. aegyptiand C. quinquefasciatusthan the control. (ijpsonline.com)
  • The results therefore suggest that the compound, oleic acid, eicosyl ester from Thalictrum javanicummay be considered as a potent source of mosquito larvicidal property. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Despite, data on the larvicidal activity of the isolated compound, oleic acid, eicosyl ester from aerial parts of Thalictrum javanicum is still inadequate. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Sepsis is initiated by the host response to infection with organ damage, increased plasma free fatty acids, high levels of cortisol, massive cytokine production, leukocyte activation, and endothelial dysfunction. (hindawi.com)
  • Free fatty acids (FFAs) are essential sources of energy within the cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • Errazu, A.F.: Heterogeneous esterification of oil with high amount of free fatty acids. (springer.com)
  • Lazić, M.L.: Biodiesel production from tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum L.) seed oil with a high content of free fatty acids. (springer.com)
  • To a much lesser extent, diglycerides (or diacylglycerols ) , monoglycerides (monoa c ylglycerols ), and free fatty acids are also found. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Besides the work they do inside the body, monounsaturated fats like oleic acid are less susceptible to spoilage than some other fats, which makes them useful in food preservation. (livestrong.com)
  • Rolling Oil Voleic™ OA01 Oleic acid is derived from renewable, natural animal fats. (l-va.nl)
  • Oleic acid is an organic acid that is prepared from fats and is used in the preparation of oleates and lotions. (assignmentpoint.com)
  • Our PbS quantum dots have a fully crystalline inorganic core and are organically stabilized with an oleic acid coating, which makes their surface hydrophobic in nature. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • EN] A new delivery microdevice, based on hydrophobic oleic acid¿capped mesoporous silica particles and able to payload release in the presence of surfactants, has been developed. (upv.es)
  • As with other fatty acids originating from adipose tissue stores, oleic acid may bind to serum albumin or remain unesterified in the blood 2 . (drugbank.com)
  • We have examined the combined in vitro cytotoxicity of paclitaxel and the fatty acids gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 18:3n-6) and oleic acid (OA, 18:1n-9) in human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells. (chiro.org)
  • Our results indicate the structural mechanism by which BAMLET and BLAGLET achieve increased cytotoxicity by holding increasing amounts of oleic acid in an active cytotoxic state encapsulated in increasingly unfolded protein. (lu.se)
  • Zanthoxylum ailanthoides Suppresses Oleic Acid-Induced Lipid Accumulation through an Activation of LKB1/AMPK Pathway in HepG2 Cells," Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , vol. 2018, Article ID 3140267, 11 pages, 2018. (hindawi.com)
  • You describe Product O1008, Oleic acid, as a liquid in your Specification Sheet, but you do not give its concentration. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Esterification of acetic and oleic acids with ethanol in the presence of Amberlyst 15 was evaluated as a function of reaction temperature, fatty acid-to-ethanol molar ratio, catalyst concentration, and fatty acid carbon chain length. (springer.com)
  • Esterification of acetic and oleic acid with ethanol increases with increasing reaction temperature, catalyst concentration, and fatty acid-to-alcohol molar ratio. (springer.com)
  • Critical aspects such as oleic acid concentration and pH were optimized to ensure maximum stability. (unl.pt)
  • In a study published in February 2000 in the medical journal 'QJM,' researchers in Ireland found that diets rich in oleic acid improved the participants' fasting plasma glucose, insulin sensitivity and blood circulation. (livestrong.com)
  • In the absence of glucose, a continuous infusion of oleic acid (1500 micromol/l) induced a biphasic insulin release. (nih.gov)
  • These results demonstrate that high concentrations of oleic acid stimulate insulin release from the isolated perfused rat pancreas and modulate the insulin response to arginine or glucose. (nih.gov)
  • Pex16p is synthesized in wild-type cells grown in glucose-containing media, and its levels are modestly increased by growth of cells in oleic acid-containing medium. (rupress.org)
  • It has also been proved that any diet containing the required amount of oleic acid can improve fasting plasma glucose, blood circulation and insulin sensitivity. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • The breeding programme of high-oleic-acid rapeseed (HOAR) was started at NPZ/Lembke almost 10 years ago. (springer.com)
  • Frauen M. (1998) Breeding of High-Oleic-Acid Rapeseed (HOAR). (springer.com)
  • The nanoemulsion loaded with LBT-oleic acid complex (LBT-OA-nanoemulsion) and PEGylated LBT-OA-nanoemulsion (NE) (LBT-OA-PEG-NE) were prepared by a simple high-pressure homogenization method. (dovepress.com)
  • Oleic acid deoxygenation experiment was conducted in a high pressure autoclave. (greencarcongress.com)
  • High oleic acid has emerged as a key market trait in groundnut, as it increases the shelf life of the produce/products in addition to providing health benefits to consumers. (cgiar.org)
  • We used MABC to improve three popular Indian cultivars (GJG 9, GG 20, and GJGHPS 1) for foliar disease resistance (FDR) and high oleic acid content. (cgiar.org)
  • A total of 22 BC3F4 and 30 BC2F4 introgression lines (ILs) for FDR and 46 BC3F4 and 41 BC2F4 ILs for high oleic acid were developed. (cgiar.org)
  • Phenotyping of these ILs revealed FDR scores comparable to the resistant parent, GPBD 4, and ILs with high (~80%) oleic acid in addition to high genome recovery. (cgiar.org)
  • These ILs provide further opportunities for pyramiding FDR and high oleic acid in all three genetic backgrounds as well as for conducting multi-location yield trials for further evaluation and release for cultivation in target regions of India. (cgiar.org)
  • Sulaiman, N.M.N.: Production of biodiesel using high free fatty acid feedstocks. (springer.com)
  • Mohamed, A.R.: Homogeneous, heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis for transesterification of high free fatty acid oil (waste cooking oil) to biodiesel: a review. (springer.com)
  • Akbar, M.M.: Optimisation and kinetic studies of acid esterification of high free fatty acid rubber seed oil. (springer.com)
  • High-pressure in-situ observation showed that cellulose dissolved in high-temperature water at approximately 500 K, which is 70 K lower than without oleic acid. (deepdyve.com)
  • The researchers used extensive cross-breeding to introduce the alternative, high-oleic genes into the new type of hemp, and achieve a state where the organism can support two identical forms of the same gene. (technewslit.com)
  • Graham and colleagues then grew samples of the new hemp, called high oleic hemp, in fields for testing in university labs. (technewslit.com)
  • The university says further field trials of high oleic hemp are planned in other parts of Europe this year to test for yields under various conditions. (technewslit.com)
  • this means that an oil high in linoleic acid becomes rancid easily, and thus it may be stored for a shorter time. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Aluminium - color (silver) Aluminium ammonium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium potassium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium silicate - anti-caking agent Aluminium sodium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium sulfate - mineral salt Amaranth - color (red) (FDA: [DELISTED] Red #2) Note that amaranth dye is unrelated to the amaranth plant Amaranth oil - high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids - used in food and cosmetic industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another naturally occurring isomer of oleic acid is petroselinic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since PUFAs are important for cholesterol lowering, foods that replace saturated fatty acids should include a balance of unsaturated fatty acids. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The degree to which different saturated fatty acids exert their cholesterol-raising effects is still unknown. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Ex-vivo skin permeation and confocal microscopic studies suggested that oleic acid vesicles penetrate the stratum corneum and retain the drug accumulated in the epidermal part of the skin. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The significant reduction of inflammation detected after omega-9 enteral injection can further contribute to the already known beneficial properties facilitated by unsaturated fatty acid-enriched diets. (hindawi.com)
  • The effect of fatty acids on paclitaxel chemosensitivity was determined by comparing IC(50) and IC(70) (50 and 70% inhibitory concentrations, respectively) obtained when the cells were exposed to IC(50) and IC(70) levels of paclitaxel alone and fatty acids were supplemented either before or during the exposure to paclitaxel. (chiro.org)
  • Small amounts of oleic acid are used as an excipient in pharmaceuticals, and it is used as an emulsifying or solubilizing agent in aerosol products. (wikipedia.org)
  • These products are commonly found in trace amounts, forming tetraglycerides in several oil seed plants, and have been produced by acid clay and enzymatic catalysis in vitro. (csic.es)
  • palmitoleic , eptadecenoic, gadoleic and alpha-linolenic (Ln) acids are present in lower/trace amounts. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • myristic , heptadecanoic, arachidic , behenic and lignoceric acids may be present in trace amounts. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Following oral administration of trace amounts of oleic acid, less than 10% of total oleic acid was found to be eliminated via fecal excretion 2 . (drugbank.com)
  • To enhance its lipophilicity, oleic acid was selected to form ionic complexes with lycobetaine (LBT). (dovepress.com)
  • In order to increase its lipophilicity, lycorine-oleic acid ionic complex (LYC-OA) was made. (thno.org)
  • Guo Y, Liu X, Sun X, Zhang Q, Gong T, Zhang Z. Mannosylated Lipid Nano-emulsions Loaded with Lycorine-oleic Acid Ionic Complex for Tumor Cell-specific Delivery. (thno.org)
  • 25%Gd, 2%Tm upconversion nanocrystals with small size and strong fluorescent signals were controllably synthesized by oleic acid (OA)/ ionic liquid (IL) two-phase system for targeted fluorescent imaging of gastric cancer in vivo . (thno.org)
  • An NMR method was developed for determining binding sites of small molecules on human serum albumin (HSA) by competitive displacement of (13)C-labeled oleic acid. (uniprot.org)
  • The acids in Advanced Acid Repair Oleic Rapid Recovery Milk refer to omega fatty acids, which this fluid, serum-like moisturizer contains in the form of omega-3 and -9 fatty acids, ingredients that are beneficial for all skin types. (beautypedia.com)
  • The micro-cracking matrices and micro pores in the film indicated the condense structure of the film destroyed by the incorporation of oleic acid. (mdpi.com)
  • These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that ethanol tolerance in yeast results from incorporation of oleic acid into lipid membranes, effecting a compensatory decrease in membrane fluidity that counteracts the fluidizing effects of ethanol. (asm.org)
  • Liquid lipase-catalyzed esterification of fatty acids with methanol is a promising process for biodiesel production. (repec.org)
  • This study suggests that the liquid lipase-catalyzed esterification of fatty acids using SAP as a water-removal agent is an efficient process for producing biodiesel. (repec.org)
  • Liquid Lipase-Catalyzed Esterification of Oleic Acid with Methanol for Biodiesel Production in the Presence of Superabsorbent Polymer: Optimization by Using Response Surface Methodology ," Energies , MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-12, April. (repec.org)
  • A maximum esterification of 67.1 and 41.6% was observed for acetic and oleic acid, respectively. (springer.com)
  • Esterification of both fatty acids with ethanol in the presence of Amberlyst 15 was determined to be a surface reaction limited. (springer.com)
  • The reaction rate constant ( k ) for acetic acid esterification was determined to be 4.31/min according to the ER model ( \(R^2 \ge 0.94\) ), while oleic acid esterification was determined to be 0.263/min ( \(R^{2} \ge 0.79\) ) based upon the LHHW model. (springer.com)