Visits made by patients to health service providers' offices for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.
Planning and control of time to improve efficiency and effectiveness.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
Arrangements negotiated between a third-party payer (often a self-insured company or union trust fund) and a group of health-care providers (hospitals and physicians) who furnish services at lower than usual fees, and, in return, receive prompt payment and an expectation of an increased volume of patients.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Tennessee" is not a medical concept or condition that has a defined meaning within the medical field. It is a geographical location, referring to a state in the United States. If you have any questions related to healthcare, medicine, or health conditions, I would be happy to help answer those!
The room or rooms in which the physician and staff provide patient care. The offices include all rooms in the physician's office suite.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Planning, organizing, and administering activities in an office.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Providers of initial care for patients. These PHYSICIANS refer patients when appropriate for secondary or specialist care.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
## I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Ohio" is a U.S. state and not a term used in medical definitions.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Visits to the patient's home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "California" is a place, specifically a state on the western coast of the United States, and not a medical term or concept. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The different methods of scheduling patient visits, appointment systems, individual or group appointments, waiting times, waiting lists for hospitals, walk-in clinics, etc.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.

A management information system for nurse/midwives. (1/982)

The experiences of nurse/midwives with a simple management information system in the private sector are reported from four facilities in Nigeria. When such a system is being introduced, special attention should be given to strengthening the ability of health workers to record and collate data satisfactorily.  (+info)

Provision of primary care by office-based rheumatologists: results from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys, 1991-1995. (2/982)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which office-based rheumatologists provide primary care to patients without rheumatic diseases or provide principal care to patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey was used to determine national probability estimates of the nature and types of conditions treated by office-based rheumatologists in 1991-1995. At each of 1,074 patient visits, the rheumatologists recorded up to 3 diagnoses and 3 patient-reported reasons for the visit, as well as information on the treatments provided at the visit. RESULTS: In only 9.8% of new consultations and 11.9% of return visits was neither a rheumatic disease diagnosis nor a musculoskeletal complaint recorded, indicating that the rheumatologist was likely acting as a primary care provider at a minority of patient visits. Among continuing patients with RA, the patient's primary reason for the visit was something other than a musculoskeletal complaint in only 9.9% of visits, and any nonrheumatic complaint was recorded in 30.4% of visits, indicating that at only some visits was the rheumatologist acting as the principal caregiver. In addition, only 31.1% of visits included the provision of medication for a nonrheumatic condition. CONCLUSION: In 1991-1995, most visits to rheumatologists involved the provision of specialized or consultative care to patients with rheumatic diseases or musculoskeletal complaints, and few visits were made by patients without either indication. Provision of principal care by rheumatologists to patients with RA is not currently widespread.  (+info)

Patient waiting times in a physician's office. (3/982)

This observational study measured waiting times, appointment durations, and scheduling variables of a single family practice physician. Waiting time and appointment duration in four sequential groups of sessions were compared using analysis of variance; each group used different scheduling templates. Groups 1 and 2 used a 15-minute base interval; group 3 used a 20-minute base interval. Observations for group 4 were collected at a different health center using a 15-minute base interval. Scheduling variables were correlated with waiting time using correlation coefficients, and data were collected on 1783 appointments. The best waiting time (mean +/- SD) was 17.33 +/- 19.19 minutes. The mean appointment duration for this group was 17.99 +/- 7.97 minutes. The F statistic comparing the four groups of sessions for waiting times was 34.14 and for appointment duration was 37.37, both of which are significant (P < 0.001). The Spearman correlation coefficient for waiting time with queue was 0.2474 (P < 0.001). The Spearman correlation coefficients for mean waiting time and lateness of starting a session (0.4530), patients per hour (0.3461), and patients per session (0.3674) were all significant (P < 0.001). Both scheduling and patient flow affect patient waiting times. The best schedule would consist of shorter sessions that started on time and were extended to accommodate extra patients rather than adding in patients and crowding the schedule. In addition to reducing the actual waiting times, the perception of waiting can be managed to minimize patient dissatisfaction.  (+info)

Cost of heart failure to the healthcare system. (4/982)

From an economic, mortality, and functional standpoint, heart failure is clearly a disease that needs to be targeted. We can develop a model for heart failure to determine the impact that specific management strategies will have on the overall cost to the system, which by itself can tell us some interesting things because we're currently spending twice as much on transplantation as on digoxin therapy. We can then use this model to assess the impact of different strategies, such as greater use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or digoxin therapy.  (+info)

Developing quality measures for adolescent care: validity of adolescents' self-reported receipt of preventive services. (5/982)

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of directly surveying adolescents about the content of preventive health services they have received and to assess the validity of adolescent self-reported recall. DATA SOURCES/SETTING: Audiotaped encounters, telephone interviews, and chart reviews with 14-21 year olds being seen for preventive care visits at 15 pediatric and family medicine private practices, teaching hospital clinics, and health centers. DESIGN: 537 adolescents presenting for well visits were approached, 400 (75 percent) consented, 374 (94 percent) were audiotaped, and 354 (89 percent) completed telephone interviews either two to four weeks or five to seven months after their visits. Audiotapes were coded for screening and counseling across 34 preventive service content areas. Intraobserver reliability (Cohen's kappa) ranged from 0.45 for talking about peers to 0.94 for discussing tobacco. The sensitivity and specificity of the adolescent self-reports were assessed using the audiotape coding as the gold standard. RESULTS: Almost all adolescents surveyed (94 percent) remembered having had a preventive care visit, 93 percent identified the site of care, and most (84 percent) identified the clinician they had seen. There was wide variation in the prevalence of screening, based on the tape coding. Adolescent self-report was moderately or highly sensitive and specific at two weeks and six months for 24 of 34 screening and counseling items, including having discussed: weight, diet, body image, exercise, seatbelts, bike helmet use, cigarettes/smoking, smokeless tobacco, alcohol, drugs, steroids, sex, sexual orientation, birth control, condoms, HIV, STDs, school, family, future plans, emotions, suicidality, and abuse. Self-report was least accurate for blood pressure/cholesterol screening, immunizations, or for having discussed fighting, violence, weapon carrying, sleep, dental care, friends, or over-the-counter drug use. CONCLUSION: Adolescents' self-report of the care they have received is a valid method of determining the content of preventive health service delivery. Although recall of screening and counseling is more accurate within two to four weeks after preventive care visits, adolescents can report accurately on the care they had received five to seven months after the preventive health care visits occurred.  (+info)

The role of patients and providers in the timing of follow-up visits. Telephone Care Study Group. (6/982)

OBJECTIVE: Although the decision about how frequently to see outpatients has a direct impact on a provider's workload and may impact health care costs, revisit intervals have rarely been a topic of investigation. To begin to understand what factors are correlated with this decision, we examined baseline data from a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Study designed to evaluate telephone care. DESIGN: Observational study based on extensive patient data collected during enrollment into the randomized trial. Providers were required to recommend a revisit interval (e.g., "return visit in 3 months") for each patient before randomization, under the assumption that the patient would be receiving clinic visits as usual. POPULATION/SETTING: Five hundred seventy-one patients over age 55 cared for by one of the 30 providers working in three VA general medical clinics. Patients for whom immediate follow-up (+info)

Setting the revisit interval in primary care. (7/982)

OBJECTIVE: Although longitudinal care constitutes the bulk of primary care, physicians receive little guidance on the fundamental question of how to time follow-up visits. We sought to identify important predictors of the revisit interval and to describe the variability in how physicians set these intervals when caring for patients with common medical conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of physicians performed at the end of office visits for consecutive patients with hypertension, angina, diabetes, or musculoskeletal pain. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: One hundred sixty-four patients under the care of 11 primary care physicians in the Dartmouth Primary Care Cooperative Research Network. MEASUREMENTS: The main outcome measures were the variability in mean revisit intervals across physicians and the proportion of explained variance by potential determinants of revisit intervals. We assessed the relation between the revisit interval (dependent variable) and three groups of independent variables, patient characteristics (e.g., age, physician perception of patient health), identification of individual physician, and physician characterization of the visit (e. g., routine visit, visit requiring a change in management, or visit occurring on a "hectic" day), using multiple regression that accounted for the natural grouping of patients within physician. MAIN RESULTS: Revisit intervals ranged from 1 week to over 1 year. The most common intervals were 12 and 16 weeks. Physicians' perception of fair-poor health status and visits involving a change in management were most strongly related to shorter revisit intervals. In multivariate analyses, patient characteristics explained about 18% of the variance in revisit intervals, and adding identification of the individual provider doubled the explained variance to about 40%. Physician characterization of the visit increased explained variance to 57%. The average revisit interval adjusted for patient characteristics for each of the 11 physicians varied from 4 to 20 weeks. Although all physicians lengthened revisit intervals for routine visits and shortened them when changing management, the relative ranking of mean revisit intervals for each physician changed little for different visit characterizations-some physicians were consistently long and others were consistently short. CONCLUSION: Physicians vary widely in their recommendations for office revisits. Patient factors accounted for only a small part of this variation. Although physicians responded to visits in predictable ways, each physician appeared to have a unique set point for the length of the revisits interval.  (+info)

Ambulatory blood pressure and left ventricular mass in normotensive patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. (8/982)

Higher left ventricular mass (LVM) has been found in early stages of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The mechanisms involved in the increase of LVM are unknown. To investigate whether LVM in ADPKD may be influenced by abnormal diurnal BP variations, the 24-h ambulatory BP profile was analyzed in a group of young normotensive ADPKD patients. Ambulatory BP monitoring and two-dimensional echocardiography were performed in 26 young normotensive ADPKD with normal renal function and in 26 healthy control subjects. LVM index was higher in ADPKD patients than in controls (90.8+/-19.6 g/m2 versus 73.9+/-16.1 g/m2, P = 0.001). Average 24-h and daytime systolic, diastolic, and mean BP were similar in both groups. Nighttime diastolic and mean BP, but not systolic BP, were greater in ADPKD patients. The average and percent nocturnal decrease of systolic BP was lower in ADPKD patients than in control subjects (10.0 mm Hg [-3 to 24] versus 15.5 mm Hg [-4 to 31], P = 0.009, and 9.0% [-2 to 22] versus 14.2% [-2 to 25], P = 0.016, respectively). On the basis of their profile BP patterns, 54% of ADPKD subjects and 31% of controls were classified as nondippers (P = 0.092). There were no differences between dippers and nondippers in left ventricular wall thickness, chamber dimensions, and mass indexes. In ADPKD patients, simple regression analysis showed that LVM index was correlated with 24-h, daytime, and nighttime systolic BP. On multiple regression analysis, the 24-h systolic BP was the only variable linked to LVM index. It is concluded that young normotensive ADPKD patients have higher LVM that is closely related to the ambulatory systolic BP. The nocturnal fall in BP is attenuated in these patients, although it is not associated with the higher LVH that they present.  (+info)

In the context of medical terminology, "office visits" refer to patients' appointments or consultations with healthcare professionals in their respective offices or clinics. These visits may include various services such as physical examinations, diagnosis, treatment planning, prescribing medications, providing referrals, and offering counseling or education on health-related topics. Office visits can be for routine checkups, follow-up appointments, or addressing acute or chronic medical concerns. It is important to note that office visits do not include services provided in a hospital setting, emergency department, or other healthcare facilities.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Primary health care is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as:

"Essential health care that is based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part both of the country's health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process."

Primary health care includes a range of services such as preventive care, health promotion, curative care, rehabilitation, and palliative care. It is typically provided by a team of health professionals including doctors, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, and other community health workers. The goal of primary health care is to provide comprehensive, continuous, and coordinated care to individuals and families in a way that is accessible, affordable, and culturally sensitive.

Ambulatory care is a type of health care service in which patients are treated on an outpatient basis, meaning they do not stay overnight at the medical facility. This can include a wide range of services such as diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care for various medical conditions. The goal of ambulatory care is to provide high-quality medical care that is convenient, accessible, and cost-effective for patients.

Examples of ambulatory care settings include physician offices, community health centers, urgent care centers, outpatient surgery centers, and diagnostic imaging facilities. Patients who receive ambulatory care may have a variety of medical needs, such as routine checkups, chronic disease management, minor procedures, or same-day surgeries.

Overall, ambulatory care is an essential component of modern healthcare systems, providing patients with timely and convenient access to medical services without the need for hospitalization.

Physician-patient relations, also known as doctor-patient relationships, refer to the interaction and communication between healthcare professionals and their patients. This relationship is founded on trust, respect, and understanding, with the physician providing medical care and treatment based on the patient's needs and best interests. Effective physician-patient relations involve clear communication, informed consent, shared decision-making, and confidentiality. A positive and collaborative relationship can lead to better health outcomes, improved patient satisfaction, and increased adherence to treatment plans.

Physician's practice patterns refer to the individual habits and preferences of healthcare providers when it comes to making clinical decisions and managing patient care. These patterns can encompass various aspects, such as:

1. Diagnostic testing: The types and frequency of diagnostic tests ordered for patients with similar conditions.
2. Treatment modalities: The choice of treatment options, including medications, procedures, or referrals to specialists.
3. Patient communication: The way physicians communicate with their patients, including the amount and type of information shared, as well as the level of patient involvement in decision-making.
4. Follow-up care: The frequency and duration of follow-up appointments, as well as the monitoring of treatment effectiveness and potential side effects.
5. Resource utilization: The use of healthcare resources, such as hospitalizations, imaging studies, or specialist consultations, and the associated costs.

Physician practice patterns can be influenced by various factors, including medical training, clinical experience, personal beliefs, guidelines, and local availability of resources. Understanding these patterns is essential for evaluating the quality of care, identifying potential variations in care, and implementing strategies to improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs.

Health care surveys are research tools used to systematically collect information from a population or sample regarding their experiences, perceptions, and knowledge of health services, health outcomes, and various other health-related topics. These surveys typically consist of standardized questionnaires that cover specific aspects of healthcare, such as access to care, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health disparities, and healthcare costs. The data gathered from health care surveys are used to inform policy decisions, improve healthcare delivery, identify best practices, allocate resources, and monitor the health status of populations. Health care surveys can be conducted through various modes, including in-person interviews, telephone interviews, mail-in questionnaires, or online platforms.

Medical practice management refers to the administrative and operational aspects of running a healthcare organization or medical practice. It involves overseeing and coordinating various business functions such as finance, human resources, marketing, patient scheduling, billing and coding, compliance with regulations, and information technology systems. The goal of medical practice management is to ensure that the practice runs efficiently, effectively, and profitably while delivering high-quality care to patients.

Medical practice managers may be responsible for developing policies and procedures, hiring and training staff, managing patient flow, ensuring regulatory compliance, implementing quality improvement initiatives, and overseeing financial performance. They must have a strong understanding of medical billing and coding practices, healthcare regulations, and electronic health record (EHR) systems. Effective communication skills, leadership abilities, and attention to detail are also important qualities for successful medical practice managers.

Insurance claim reporting is the process of informing an insurance company about a potential claim that an insured individual or business intends to make under their insurance policy. This report typically includes details about the incident or loss, such as the date, time, location, and type of damage or injury, as well as any relevant documentation, such as police reports or medical records.

The purpose of insurance claim reporting is to initiate the claims process and provide the insurance company with the necessary information to evaluate the claim and determine coverage. The insured individual or business may be required to submit additional information or evidence to support their claim, and the insurance company will conduct an investigation to assess the validity and value of the claim.

Prompt and accurate reporting of insurance claims is important to ensure that the claim is processed in a timely manner and to avoid any potential delays or denials of coverage based on late reporting. It is also important to provide complete and truthful information during the claims process, as misrepresentations or false statements can lead to claim denials or even fraud investigations.

A Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) is a type of managed care organization (MCO) that provides comprehensive health care services to its members, typically for a fixed monthly premium. HMOs are characterized by a prepaid payment model and a focus on preventive care and early intervention to manage the health of their enrolled population.

In an HMO, members must choose a primary care physician (PCP) who acts as their first point of contact for medical care and coordinates all aspects of their healthcare needs within the HMO network. Specialist care is generally only covered if it is referred by the PCP, and members are typically required to obtain medical services from providers that are part of the HMO's network. This helps to keep costs down and ensures that care is coordinated and managed effectively.

HMOs may also offer additional benefits such as dental, vision, and mental health services, depending on the specific plan. However, members may face higher out-of-pocket costs if they choose to receive care outside of the HMO network. Overall, HMOs are designed to provide comprehensive healthcare coverage at a more affordable cost than traditional fee-for-service insurance plans.

Managed care programs are a type of health insurance plan that aims to control healthcare costs and improve the quality of care by managing the utilization of healthcare services. They do this by using a network of healthcare providers who have agreed to provide services at reduced rates, and by implementing various strategies such as utilization review, case management, and preventive care.

In managed care programs, there is usually a primary care physician (PCP) who acts as the patient's main doctor and coordinates their care within the network of providers. Patients may need a referral from their PCP to see specialists or access certain services. Managed care programs can take various forms, including Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs), Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs), Point-of-Service (POS) plans, and Exclusive Provider Organizations (EPOs).

The goal of managed care programs is to provide cost-effective healthcare services while maintaining or improving the quality of care. They can help patients save money on healthcare costs by providing coverage for a range of services at lower rates than traditional fee-for-service plans, but they may also limit patient choice and require prior authorization for certain procedures or treatments.

Patient access to records refers to the ability of patients to view, obtain copies, and/or request amendments to their own medical records maintained by healthcare providers or organizations. This right is based on the principle that patients have a legal and ethical right to access their personal health information, which enables them to be actively involved in their healthcare decisions, ensure accuracy of their records, and facilitate continuity of care.

Patient access to records typically includes various types of medical information such as diagnoses, medications, treatment plans, laboratory test results, immunization records, and other relevant documentation. Access may be provided through various means, including online patient portals, paper copies, or electronic files, depending on the policies and practices of the healthcare organization.

In many jurisdictions, patient access to records is protected by laws and regulations that govern the privacy and security of personal health information. Healthcare providers are required to establish procedures for patients to request and receive access to their medical records in a timely and secure manner, while also ensuring that appropriate safeguards are in place to protect the confidentiality of sensitive medical information.

"Time management" is not a medical term, but it is a common concept used in various fields including healthcare. It generally refers to the process of organizing and planning how to divide one's time between specific activities to make the most efficient and effective use of time. In a medical context, time management may refer to a clinician's ability to prioritize and allocate their time to provide timely and appropriate care to patients while also managing administrative tasks and continuing education. Effective time management can help reduce stress, improve productivity, and enhance patient care.

A dental office is a healthcare facility where dental professionals, such as dentists, oral surgeons, and orthodontists, provide various dental treatments and services to patients. These services may include routine check-ups, teeth cleaning, fillings, extractions, root canals, crowns, bridges, implants, and orthodontic treatments like braces.

Dental offices typically have examination rooms equipped with dental chairs, dental instruments, and X-ray machines to diagnose and treat dental issues. They may also have a reception area where patients can schedule appointments, make payments, and complete paperwork.

In addition to clinical services, dental offices may also provide patient education on oral hygiene practices, nutrition, and lifestyle habits that can affect dental health. Some dental offices may specialize in certain areas of dentistry, such as pediatric dentistry or cosmetic dentistry.

A Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) is a type of managed care plan in which the enrollee can choose to receive healthcare services from any provider within the network, without needing a referral from a primary care physician. The network includes hospitals, physicians, and other healthcare professionals who have agreed to provide services to the PPO's members at reduced rates.

In a PPO plan, members typically pay lower out-of-pocket costs when they use providers within the network, compared to using non-network providers. However, members still have some coverage for care received from non-network providers, although it is usually subject to higher cost-sharing requirements.

PPOs aim to provide more flexibility and choice to enrollees than other managed care plans, such as Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs), while also offering lower costs through negotiated rates with network providers.

Cost sharing in a medical or healthcare context refers to the portion of health care costs that are paid by the patient or health plan member, rather than by their insurance company. Cost sharing can take various forms, including deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments.

A deductible is the amount that a patient must pay out of pocket for medical services before their insurance coverage kicks in. For example, if a health plan has a $1,000 deductible, the patient must pay the first $1,000 of their medical expenses before their insurance starts covering costs.

Coinsurance is the percentage of medical costs that a patient is responsible for paying after they have met their deductible. For example, if a health plan has 20% coinsurance, the patient would pay 20% of the cost of medical services, and their insurance would cover the remaining 80%.

Copayments are fixed amounts that patients must pay for specific medical services, such as doctor visits or prescription medications. Copayments are typically paid at the time of service and do not count towards a patient's deductible.

Cost sharing is intended to encourage patients to be more cost-conscious in their use of healthcare services, as they have a financial incentive to seek out lower-cost options. However, high levels of cost sharing can also create barriers to accessing necessary medical care, particularly for low-income individuals and families.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Tennessee" is a proper noun and not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a state located in the southeastern United States. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

"Physicians' Offices" is a general term that refers to the physical location where medical doctors or physicians practice their profession and provide healthcare services to patients. These offices can vary in size and setting, ranging from a single physician's small private practice to large, multi-specialty clinics.

In a physicians' office, medical professionals typically deliver outpatient care, which means that patients visit the office for appointments rather than staying overnight. The services provided may include routine check-ups, diagnosing and treating illnesses or injuries, prescribing medications, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests, providing preventive care, and coordinating with other healthcare providers for specialist referrals or additional treatments.

The facilities in a physicians' office usually consist of examination rooms, a waiting area, nursing stations, and administrative support spaces. Some may also have on-site laboratory or diagnostic equipment, such as X-ray machines or ultrasound devices. The specific layout and amenities will depend on the size, specialty, and patient population of the practice.

Personal Health Records (PHRs) are defined as:

"An electronic application through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information, and that of others for whom they are authorized, in a private, secure, and confidential environment." (Institute of Medicine, 2011)

PHRs typically contain personal health information such as medical history, medication lists, allergies, test results, and other relevant health data. They can be managed and controlled by the individual and may be connected to or separate from electronic health records maintained by healthcare providers. PHRs allow individuals to have more active roles in managing their own health and communicating with their healthcare team.

Medicine is a branch of healthcare that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and illness. It encompasses a variety of health profession practices, including but not limited to, the services provided by physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, and allied health professionals.

Medicine can also refer to the substances or compounds used in the treatment and prevention of disease, often referred to as medications or drugs. These substances can be administered in various forms, such as oral (pills, liquids), topical (creams, ointments), injectable (shots, IVs), or inhaled (aerosols, nebulizers).

Overall, medicine is a multidisciplinary field that combines scientific research, clinical expertise, and patient values to promote health, prevent disease, and provide treatment for individuals and communities.

"Drug costs" refer to the amount of money that must be paid to acquire and use a particular medication. These costs can include the following:

1. The actual purchase price of the drug, which may vary depending on factors such as the dosage form, strength, and quantity of the medication, as well as whether it is obtained through a retail pharmacy, mail-order service, or other distribution channel.
2. Any additional fees or charges associated with obtaining the drug, such as shipping and handling costs, insurance copayments or coinsurance amounts, and deductibles.
3. The cost of any necessary medical services or supplies that are required to administer the drug, such as syringes, needles, or alcohol swabs for injectable medications, or nebulizers for inhaled drugs.
4. The cost of monitoring and managing any potential side effects or complications associated with the use of the drug, which may include additional medical appointments, laboratory tests, or other diagnostic procedures.

It is important to note that drug costs can vary widely depending on a variety of factors, including the patient's insurance coverage, the pharmacy where the drug is obtained, and any discounts or rebates that may be available. Patients are encouraged to shop around for the best prices and to explore all available options for reducing their out-of-pocket costs, such as using generic medications or participating in manufacturer savings programs.

In the context of medicine, specialization refers to the process or state of a physician, surgeon, or other healthcare professional acquiring and demonstrating expertise in a particular field or area of practice beyond their initial general training. This is usually achieved through additional years of education, training, and clinical experience in a specific medical discipline or subspecialty.

For instance, a doctor who has completed medical school and a general residency program may choose to specialize in cardiology, dermatology, neurology, orthopedics, psychiatry, or any other branch of medicine. After completing a specialized fellowship program and passing the relevant certification exams, they become certified as a specialist in that field, recognized by professional medical organizations such as the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC).

Specialization allows healthcare professionals to provide more focused, expert care for patients with specific conditions or needs. It also contributes to the development and advancement of medical knowledge and practice, as specialists often conduct research and contribute to the evidence base in their respective fields.

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the medical care and treatment of infants, children, and adolescents, typically up to the age of 18 or sometimes up to 21 years. It covers a wide range of health services including preventive healthcare, diagnosis and treatment of physical, mental, and emotional illnesses, and promotion of healthy lifestyles and behaviors in children.

Pediatricians are medical doctors who specialize in this field and have extensive training in the unique needs and developmental stages of children. They provide comprehensive care for children from birth to young adulthood, addressing various health issues such as infectious diseases, injuries, genetic disorders, developmental delays, behavioral problems, and chronic conditions like asthma, diabetes, and cancer.

In addition to medical expertise, pediatricians also need excellent communication skills to build trust with their young patients and their families, and to provide education and guidance on various aspects of child health and well-being.

Patient satisfaction is a concept in healthcare quality measurement that reflects the patient's perspective and evaluates their experience with the healthcare services they have received. It is a multidimensional construct that includes various aspects such as interpersonal mannerisms of healthcare providers, technical competence, accessibility, timeliness, comfort, and communication.

Patient satisfaction is typically measured through standardized surveys or questionnaires that ask patients to rate their experiences on various aspects of care. The results are often used to assess the quality of care provided by healthcare organizations, identify areas for improvement, and inform policy decisions. However, it's important to note that patient satisfaction is just one aspect of healthcare quality and should be considered alongside other measures such as clinical outcomes and patient safety.

Drug utilization refers to the use of medications by patients or healthcare professionals in a real-world setting. It involves analyzing and evaluating patterns of medication use, including prescribing practices, adherence to treatment guidelines, potential duplications or interactions, and outcomes associated with drug therapy. The goal of drug utilization is to optimize medication use, improve patient safety, and minimize costs while achieving the best possible health outcomes. It can be studied through various methods such as prescription claims data analysis, surveys, and clinical audits.

Family practice, also known as family medicine, is a medical specialty that provides comprehensive and continuous care to patients of all ages, genders, and stages of life. Family physicians are trained to provide a wide range of services, including preventive care, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, management of complex medical conditions, and providing health education and counseling.

Family practice emphasizes the importance of building long-term relationships with patients and their families, and takes into account the physical, emotional, social, and psychological factors that influence a person's health. Family physicians often serve as the primary point of contact for patients within the healthcare system, coordinating care with other specialists and healthcare providers as needed.

Family practice is a broad and diverse field, encompassing various areas such as pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, geriatrics, and behavioral health. The goal of family practice is to provide high-quality, patient-centered care that meets the unique needs and preferences of each individual patient and their family.

An insurance claim review is the process conducted by an insurance company to evaluate a claim made by a policyholder for coverage of a loss or expense. This evaluation typically involves examining the details of the claim, assessing the damages or injuries incurred, verifying the coverage provided by the policy, and determining the appropriate amount of benefits to be paid. The insurance claim review may also include investigating the circumstances surrounding the claim to ensure its validity and confirming that it complies with the terms and conditions of the insurance policy.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Office Automation" is not a medical term. It is an administrative or business concept that refers to the use of technology and software to automate and streamline office tasks and processes, such as word processing, spreadsheets, email, and data management. This can help improve efficiency, accuracy, and productivity in an office or workplace setting.

Health services refer to the delivery of healthcare services, including preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. These services are typically provided by health professionals such as doctors, nurses, and allied health personnel in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, community health centers, and long-term care facilities. Health services may also include public health activities such as health education, surveillance, and health promotion programs aimed at improving the health of populations. The goal of health services is to promote and restore health, prevent disease and injury, and improve the quality of life for individuals and communities.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Office Management" is not a medical term. It refers to the administrative and operational functions of an office or organization, including tasks such as coordinating staff, overseeing budgets and expenses, maintaining records, and ensuring efficient workflow. However, in a medical setting, office management responsibilities may include scheduling appointments, managing patient records, handling insurance claims, and communicating with patients and healthcare providers.

Health Insurance Reimbursement refers to the process of receiving payment from a health insurance company for medical expenses that you have already paid out of pocket. Here is a brief medical definition of each term:

1. Insurance: A contract, represented by a policy, in which an individual or entity receives financial protection or reimbursement against losses from an insurance company. The company pools clients' risks to make payments more affordable for the insured.
2. Health: Refers to the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
3. Reimbursement: The act of refunding or compensating a person for expenses incurred, especially those that have been previously paid by the individual and are now being paid back by an insurance company.

In the context of health insurance, reimbursement typically occurs when you receive medical care, pay the provider, and then submit a claim to your insurance company for reimbursement. The insurance company will review the claim, determine whether the services are covered under your policy, and calculate the amount they will reimburse you based on your plan's benefits and any applicable co-pays, deductibles, or coinsurance amounts. Once this process is complete, the insurance company will issue a payment to you to cover a portion or all of the costs you incurred for the medical services.

Electronic mail, often abbreviated as email or e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages between people using computer networks. The term "electronic mail" is a direct comparison to traditional paper-based mail systems and has been in use since the creation of the first email system in 1971.

In medical terms, email is commonly used as a means of communication between healthcare professionals, patients, and other stakeholders in the healthcare industry. For example, physicians may use email to communicate with colleagues or staff members, while hospitals and clinics may use email to send appointment reminders or test results to patients.

Email messages can include text, images, videos, and attachments, making them a versatile tool for communication. However, it is important to note that email is not considered a secure means of transmitting sensitive medical information due to the risk of interception or unauthorized access. As such, healthcare professionals must follow established guidelines and regulations when using email to communicate protected health information (PHI) in order to maintain patient privacy and confidentiality.

The District of Columbia (DC) is a federal district and the capital of the United States. It is not a state, but rather a district that is under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress. DC is located between the states of Maryland and Virginia and has a population of approximately 700,000 people.

The medical definition of District of Columbia would not differ from its geographical and political definition. However, it is important to note that DC has its own unique healthcare system and challenges. As a federal district, DC has its own local government, but the U.S. Congress has the authority to review and approve its laws and budget. This can create some challenges in funding and implementing healthcare programs in DC.

DC has a high prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma, and also faces disparities in healthcare access and outcomes among different racial and ethnic groups. The District of Columbia Healthcare Alliance, which is the city's Medicaid program, provides health coverage to low-income residents, including children, pregnant women, and people with disabilities. DC also has a number of safety net hospitals and clinics that provide care to uninsured and underinsured patients.

Health care costs refer to the expenses incurred for medical services, treatments, procedures, and products that are used to maintain or restore an individual's health. These costs can be categorized into several types:

1. Direct costs: These include payments made for doctor visits, hospital stays, medications, diagnostic tests, surgeries, and other medical treatments and services. Direct costs can be further divided into two subcategories:
* Out-of-pocket costs: Expenses paid directly by patients, such as co-payments, deductibles, coinsurance, and any uncovered medical services or products.
* Third-party payer costs: Expenses covered by insurance companies, government programs (like Medicare, Medicaid), or other entities that pay for health care services on behalf of patients.
2. Indirect costs: These are the expenses incurred as a result of illness or injury that indirectly impact an individual's ability to work and earn a living. Examples include lost productivity, absenteeism, reduced earning capacity, and disability benefits.
3. Non-medical costs: These are expenses related to caregiving, transportation, home modifications, assistive devices, and other non-medical services required for managing health conditions or disabilities.

Health care costs can vary significantly depending on factors such as the type of medical service, geographic location, insurance coverage, and individual health status. Understanding these costs is essential for patients, healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers to make informed decisions about treatment options, resource allocation, and health system design.

A physician is a healthcare professional who practices medicine, providing medical care and treatment to patients. Physicians may specialize in various fields of medicine, such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, or radiology, among others. They are responsible for diagnosing and treating illnesses, injuries, and disorders; prescribing medications; ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests; providing counseling and education to patients; and collaborating with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care. Physicians may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and academic medical centers. To become a physician, one must complete a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree program and pass licensing exams to practice medicine in their state.

Primary care physicians are medical professionals who provide first-contact and continuous care for patients with acute and chronic physical, mental, and social health problems. They serve as the patient's main point of entry into the healthcare system and act as the patient's advocate in coordinating access to and delivery of appropriate healthcare services. Primary care physicians may include general practitioners, family medicine specialists, internists, pediatricians, and geriatricians.

Primary care involves the widest scope of healthcare, including all ages of patients, patients of all socioeconomic and geographic origins, and patients seeking to maintain optimal health, as well as those with all types of acute and chronic physical, mental and social health issues. Primary care includes disease prevention, health promotion, patient education, and diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses.

Primary care physicians are trained to recognize a wide range of health problems and to provide initial treatment or make referrals to medical subspecialists or other healthcare professionals as needed. They may also provide ongoing, person-centered care, including chronic disease management, and they play an important role in coordinating the care provided by other healthcare professionals and specialists.

Primary care physicians are often based in community settings such as private practices, community health centers, or hospital outpatient departments, and they may work in teams with nurses, social workers, mental health professionals, and other healthcare providers to provide comprehensive, patient-centered care.

Health expenditures refer to the total amount of money spent on health services, goods, and resources in a given period. This can include expenses for preventive care, medical treatments, medications, long-term care, and administrative costs. Health expenditures can be made by individuals, corporations, insurance companies, or governments, and they can be measured at the national, regional, or household level.

Health expenditures are often used as an indicator of a country's investment in its healthcare system and can reflect the overall health status of a population. High levels of health expenditures may indicate a strong commitment to healthcare, but they can also place a significant burden on individuals, businesses, and governments. Understanding patterns and trends in health expenditures is important for policymakers, healthcare providers, and researchers who are working to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and accessibility of healthcare services.

In the medical context, communication refers to the process of exchanging information, ideas, or feelings between two or more individuals in order to facilitate understanding, cooperation, and decision-making. Effective communication is critical in healthcare settings to ensure that patients receive accurate diagnoses, treatment plans, and follow-up care. It involves not only verbal and written communication but also nonverbal cues such as body language and facial expressions.

Healthcare providers must communicate clearly and empathetically with their patients to build trust, address concerns, and ensure that they understand their medical condition and treatment options. Similarly, healthcare teams must communicate effectively with each other to coordinate care, avoid errors, and provide the best possible outcomes for their patients. Communication skills are essential for all healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, therapists, and social workers.

Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs) are a system of classifying hospital patients based on their severity of illness, resource utilization, and other factors. DRGs were developed by the US federal government to determine the relative cost of providing inpatient care for various types of diagnoses and procedures.

The DRG system categorizes patients into one of several hundred groups based on their diagnosis, treatment, and other clinical characteristics. Each DRG has a corresponding payment weight that reflects the average resource utilization and costs associated with caring for patients in that group. Hospitals are then reimbursed for inpatient services based on the DRG payment weights, providing an incentive to provide more efficient and cost-effective care.

DRGs have been widely adopted as a tool for managing healthcare costs and improving quality of care. They are used by Medicare, Medicaid, and many private insurers to determine payments for inpatient hospital services. DRGs can also be used to compare the performance of hospitals and healthcare providers, identify best practices, and support quality improvement initiatives.

Health services accessibility refers to the degree to which individuals and populations are able to obtain needed health services in a timely manner. It includes factors such as physical access (e.g., distance, transportation), affordability (e.g., cost of services, insurance coverage), availability (e.g., supply of providers, hours of operation), and acceptability (e.g., cultural competence, language concordance).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), accessibility is one of the key components of health system performance, along with responsiveness and fair financing. Improving accessibility to health services is essential for achieving universal health coverage and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare without facing financial hardship. Factors that affect health services accessibility can vary widely between and within countries, and addressing these disparities requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy interventions, infrastructure development, and community engagement.

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

A drug prescription is a written or electronic order provided by a licensed healthcare professional, such as a physician, dentist, or advanced practice nurse, to a pharmacist that authorizes the preparation and dispensing of a specific medication for a patient. The prescription typically includes important information such as the patient's name and date of birth, the name and strength of the medication, the dosage regimen, the duration of treatment, and any special instructions or precautions.

Prescriptions serve several purposes, including ensuring that patients receive the appropriate medication for their medical condition, preventing medication errors, and promoting safe and effective use of medications. They also provide a legal record of the medical provider's authorization for the pharmacist to dispense the medication to the patient.

There are two main types of prescriptions: written prescriptions and electronic prescriptions. Written prescriptions are handwritten or printed on paper, while electronic prescriptions are transmitted electronically from the medical provider to the pharmacy. Electronic prescriptions are becoming increasingly common due to their convenience, accuracy, and security.

It is important for patients to follow the instructions provided on their prescription carefully and to ask their healthcare provider or pharmacist any questions they may have about their medication. Failure to follow a drug prescription can result in improper use of the medication, which can lead to adverse effects, treatment failure, or even life-threatening situations.

In medical terms, "outpatients" refers to individuals who receive medical care or treatment at a hospital or clinic without being admitted as inpatients. This means that they do not stay overnight or for an extended period; instead, they visit the healthcare facility for specific services such as consultations, diagnostic tests, treatments, or follow-up appointments and then return home afterward. Outpatient care can include various services like primary care, specialty clinics, dental care, physical therapy, and more. It is often more convenient and cost-effective than inpatient care, as it allows patients to maintain their daily routines while receiving necessary medical attention.

An Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a digital version of a patient's medical history that is stored and maintained electronically rather than on paper. It contains comprehensive information about a patient's health status, including their medical history, medications, allergies, test results, immunization records, and other relevant health information. EHRs can be shared among authorized healthcare providers, which enables better coordination of care, improved patient safety, and more efficient delivery of healthcare services.

EHRs are designed to provide real-time, patient-centered records that make it easier for healthcare providers to access up-to-date and accurate information about their patients. They can also help reduce errors, prevent duplicative tests and procedures, and improve communication among healthcare providers. EHRs may include features such as clinical decision support tools, which can alert healthcare providers to potential drug interactions or other health risks based on a patient's medical history.

EHRs are subject to various regulations and standards to ensure the privacy and security of patients' health information. In the United States, for example, EHRs must comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule, which sets national standards for the protection of personal health information.

Medicaid is a joint federal-state program that provides health coverage for low-income individuals, including children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Eligibility, benefits, and administration vary by state, but the program is designed to ensure that low-income individuals have access to necessary medical services. Medicaid is funded jointly by the federal government and the states, and is administered by the states under broad federal guidelines.

Medicaid programs must cover certain mandatory benefits, such as inpatient and outpatient hospital services, laboratory and X-ray services, and physician services. States also have the option to provide additional benefits, such as dental care, vision services, and prescription drugs. In addition, many states have expanded their Medicaid programs to cover more low-income adults under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Medicaid is an important source of health coverage for millions of Americans, providing access to necessary medical care and helping to reduce financial burden for low-income individuals.

Patient education, as defined by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), is "the teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs. It includes the patient's understanding of his or her condition and the necessary procedures for self, assisted, or professional care." This encompasses a wide range of activities and interventions aimed at helping patients and their families understand their medical conditions, treatment options, self-care skills, and overall health management. Effective patient education can lead to improved health outcomes, increased patient satisfaction, and better use of healthcare resources.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

A physician's role is defined as a licensed healthcare professional who practices medicine, diagnoses and treats injuries or illnesses, and promotes health and wellness. Physicians may specialize in various fields such as cardiology, dermatology, psychiatry, surgery, etc., requiring additional training and certification beyond medical school. They are responsible for providing comprehensive medical care to patients, including:

1. Obtaining a patient's medical history and performing physical examinations
2. Ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests
3. Developing treatment plans based on their diagnosis
4. Prescribing medications or performing procedures as necessary
5. Coordinating with other healthcare professionals for multidisciplinary care
6. Providing counseling and education to patients about their health, disease prevention, and wellness promotion
7. Advocating for their patients' rights and ensuring quality of care
8. Maintaining accurate medical records and staying updated on the latest medical research and advancements in their field.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Health services research (HSR) is a multidisciplinary field of scientific investigation that studies how social factors, financing systems, organizational structures and processes, health technologies, and personal behaviors affect access to healthcare, the quality and cost of care, and ultimately, our health and well-being. The goal of HSR is to inform policy and practice, improve system performance, and enhance the health and well-being of individuals and communities. It involves the use of various research methods, including epidemiology, biostatistics, economics, sociology, management science, political science, and psychology, to answer questions about the healthcare system and how it can be improved.

Examples of HSR topics include:

* Evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different healthcare interventions and technologies
* Studying patient-centered care and patient experiences with the healthcare system
* Examining healthcare workforce issues, such as shortages of primary care providers or the impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes
* Investigating the impact of health insurance design and financing systems on access to care and health disparities
* Analyzing the organization and delivery of healthcare services in different settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities
* Identifying best practices for improving healthcare quality and safety, reducing medical errors, and eliminating wasteful or unnecessary care.

Counseling is a therapeutic intervention that involves a trained professional working with an individual, family, or group to help them understand and address their problems, concerns, or challenges. The goal of counseling is to help the person develop skills, insights, and resources that will allow them to make positive changes in their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and improve their overall mental health and well-being.

Counseling can take many forms, depending on the needs and preferences of the individual seeking help. Some common approaches include cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, humanistic therapy, and solution-focused brief therapy. These approaches may be used alone or in combination with other interventions, such as medication or group therapy.

The specific goals and techniques of counseling will vary depending on the individual's needs and circumstances. However, some common objectives of counseling include:

* Identifying and understanding the underlying causes of emotional or behavioral problems
* Developing coping skills and strategies to manage stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health concerns
* Improving communication and relationship skills
* Enhancing self-esteem and self-awareness
* Addressing substance abuse or addiction issues
* Resolving conflicts and making difficult decisions
* Grieving losses and coping with life transitions

Counseling is typically provided by licensed mental health professionals, such as psychologists, social workers, marriage and family therapists, and professional counselors. These professionals have completed advanced education and training in counseling techniques and theories, and are qualified to provide a range of therapeutic interventions to help individuals, families, and groups achieve their goals and improve their mental health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Ohio" is not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terms, I would be happy to help answer those!

Medicare is a social insurance program in the United States, administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), that provides health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over; or who have certain disabilities; or who have End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant).

The program consists of four parts:

1. Hospital Insurance (Part A), which helps pay for inpatient care in hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, hospices, and home health care.
2. Medical Insurance (Part B), which helps pay for doctors' services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.
3. Medicare Advantage Plans (Part C), which are private insurance plans that provide all of your Part A and Part B benefits, and may include additional benefits like dental, vision, and hearing coverage.
4. Prescription Drug Coverage (Part D), which helps pay for medications doctors prescribe for treatment.

Medicare is funded by payroll taxes, premiums paid by beneficiaries, and general revenue. Beneficiaries typically pay a monthly premium for Part B and Part D coverage, while Part A is generally free for those who have worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least 40 quarters.

Pharmaceutical services insurance refers to a type of coverage that helps individuals and families pay for their prescription medications. This type of insurance is often offered as part of a larger health insurance plan, but can also be purchased as a standalone policy.

The specifics of pharmaceutical services insurance coverage can vary widely depending on the policy. Some plans may cover only generic medications, while others may cover both brand-name and generic drugs. Additionally, some policies may require individuals to pay a portion of the cost of their prescriptions in the form of copays or coinsurance, while others may cover the full cost of medications.

Pharmaceutical services insurance can be especially important for individuals who have chronic medical conditions that require ongoing treatment with expensive prescription medications. By helping to offset the cost of these medications, pharmaceutical services insurance can make it easier for people to afford the care they need to manage their health and improve their quality of life.

Preventive health services refer to measures taken to prevent diseases or injuries rather than curing them or treating their symptoms. These services include screenings, vaccinations, and counseling aimed at preventing or identifying illnesses in their earliest stages. Examples of preventive health services include:

1. Screenings for various types of cancer (e.g., breast, cervical, colorectal)
2. Vaccinations against infectious diseases (e.g., influenza, pneumococcal pneumonia, human papillomavirus)
3. Counseling on lifestyle modifications to reduce the risk of chronic diseases (e.g., smoking cessation, diet and exercise counseling, alcohol misuse screening and intervention)
4. Screenings for cardiovascular disease risk factors (e.g., cholesterol levels, blood pressure, body mass index)
5. Screenings for mental health conditions (e.g., depression)
6. Preventive medications (e.g., aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in certain individuals)

Preventive health services are an essential component of overall healthcare and play a critical role in improving health outcomes, reducing healthcare costs, and enhancing quality of life.

Health Insurance is a type of insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons. By purchasing health insurance, insured individuals pay a premium to an insurance company, which then pools those funds with other policyholders' premiums to pay for the medical care costs of individuals who become ill or injured. The coverage can include hospitalization, medical procedures, prescription drugs, and preventive care, among other services. The goal of health insurance is to provide financial protection against unexpected medical expenses and to make healthcare services more affordable.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Quality of health care is a term that refers to the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge. It encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Clinical effectiveness: The use of best available evidence to make decisions about prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care. This includes considering the benefits and harms of different options and making sure that the most effective interventions are used.
2. Safety: Preventing harm to patients and minimizing risks associated with healthcare. This involves identifying potential hazards, implementing measures to reduce errors, and learning from adverse events to improve systems and processes.
3. Patient-centeredness: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values. This includes ensuring that patients are fully informed about their condition and treatment options, involving them in decision-making, and providing emotional support throughout the care process.
4. Timeliness: Ensuring that healthcare services are delivered promptly and efficiently, without unnecessary delays. This includes coordinating care across different providers and settings to ensure continuity and avoid gaps in service.
5. Efficiency: Using resources wisely and avoiding waste, while still providing high-quality care. This involves considering the costs and benefits of different interventions, as well as ensuring that healthcare services are equitably distributed.
6. Equitability: Ensuring that all individuals have access to quality healthcare services, regardless of their socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, gender, age, or other factors. This includes addressing disparities in health outcomes and promoting fairness and justice in healthcare.

Overall, the quality of health care is a multidimensional concept that requires ongoing evaluation and improvement to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

Patient acceptance of health care refers to the willingness and ability of a patient to follow and engage in a recommended treatment plan or healthcare regimen. This involves understanding the proposed medical interventions, considering their potential benefits and risks, and making an informed decision to proceed with the recommended course of action.

The factors that influence patient acceptance can include:

1. Patient's understanding of their condition and treatment options
2. Trust in their healthcare provider
3. Personal beliefs and values related to health and illness
4. Cultural, linguistic, or socioeconomic barriers
5. Emotional responses to the diagnosis or proposed treatment
6. Practical considerations, such as cost, time commitment, or potential side effects

Healthcare providers play a crucial role in facilitating patient acceptance by clearly communicating information, addressing concerns and questions, and providing support throughout the decision-making process. Encouraging shared decision-making and tailoring care plans to individual patient needs and preferences can also enhance patient acceptance of health care.

Patient compliance, also known as medication adherence or patient adherence, refers to the degree to which a patient's behavior matches the agreed-upon recommendations from their healthcare provider. This includes taking medications as prescribed (including the correct dosage, frequency, and duration), following dietary restrictions, making lifestyle changes, and attending follow-up appointments. Poor patient compliance can negatively impact treatment outcomes and lead to worsening of symptoms, increased healthcare costs, and development of drug-resistant strains in the case of antibiotics. It is a significant challenge in healthcare and efforts are being made to improve patient education, communication, and support to enhance compliance.

A Computerized Medical Record System (CMRS) is a digital version of a patient's paper chart. It contains all of the patient's medical history from multiple providers and can be shared securely between healthcare professionals. A CMRS includes a range of data such as demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data, and radiology reports. The system facilitates the storage, retrieval, and exchange of this information in an efficient manner, and can also provide decision support, alerts, reminders, and tools for performing data analysis and creating reports. It is designed to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare delivery by providing accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive information about patients at the point of care.

Guideline adherence, in the context of medicine, refers to the extent to which healthcare professionals follow established clinical practice guidelines or recommendations in their daily practice. These guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to assist practitioners and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. Adherence to evidence-based guidelines can help improve the quality of care, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote optimal patient outcomes. Factors that may influence guideline adherence include clinician awareness, familiarity, agreement, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and the complexity of the recommendation.

Internal Medicine is a medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of internal diseases affecting adults. It encompasses a wide range of medical conditions, including those related to the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, hematological, endocrine, infectious, and immune systems. Internists, or general internists, are trained to provide comprehensive care for adult patients, managing both simple and complex diseases, and often serving as primary care physicians. They may also subspecialize in various fields such as cardiology, gastroenterology, nephrology, or infectious disease, among others.

**Referral:**
A referral in the medical context is the process where a healthcare professional (such as a general practitioner or primary care physician) sends or refers a patient to another healthcare professional who has specialized knowledge and skills to address the patient's specific health condition or concern. This could be a specialist, a consultant, or a facility that provides specialized care. The referral may involve transferring the patient's care entirely to the other professional or may simply be for a consultation and advice.

**Consultation:**
A consultation in healthcare is a process where a healthcare professional seeks the opinion or advice of another professional regarding a patient's medical condition. This can be done in various ways, such as face-to-face meetings, phone calls, or written correspondence. The consulting professional provides their expert opinion to assist in the diagnosis, treatment plan, or management of the patient's condition. The ultimate decision and responsibility for the patient's care typically remain with the referring or primary healthcare provider.

"Family Physicians" are medical doctors who provide comprehensive primary care to individuals and families of all ages. They are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions, from minor illnesses to complex diseases. In addition to providing acute care, family physicians also focus on preventive medicine, helping their patients maintain their overall health and well-being through regular checkups, screenings, and immunizations. They often serve as the patient's main point of contact within the healthcare system, coordinating care with specialists and other healthcare professionals as needed. Family physicians may work in private practices, community health centers, hospitals, or other healthcare settings.

Costs refer to the total amount of resources, such as money, time, and labor, that are expended in the provision of a medical service or treatment. Costs can be categorized into direct costs, which include expenses directly related to patient care, such as medication, supplies, and personnel; and indirect costs, which include overhead expenses, such as rent, utilities, and administrative salaries.

Cost analysis is the process of estimating and evaluating the total cost of a medical service or treatment. This involves identifying and quantifying all direct and indirect costs associated with the provision of care, and analyzing how these costs may vary based on factors such as patient volume, resource utilization, and reimbursement rates.

Cost analysis is an important tool for healthcare organizations to understand the financial implications of their operations and make informed decisions about resource allocation, pricing strategies, and quality improvement initiatives. It can also help policymakers and payers evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different treatment options and develop evidence-based guidelines for clinical practice.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Logistic models, specifically logistic regression models, are a type of statistical analysis used in medical and epidemiological research to identify the relationship between the risk of a certain health outcome or disease (dependent variable) and one or more independent variables, such as demographic factors, exposure variables, or other clinical measurements.

In contrast to linear regression models, logistic regression models are used when the dependent variable is binary or dichotomous in nature, meaning it can only take on two values, such as "disease present" or "disease absent." The model uses a logistic function to estimate the probability of the outcome based on the independent variables.

Logistic regression models are useful for identifying risk factors and estimating the strength of associations between exposures and health outcomes, adjusting for potential confounders, and predicting the probability of an outcome given certain values of the independent variables. They can also be used to develop clinical prediction rules or scores that can aid in decision-making and patient care.

Hospitalization is the process of admitting a patient to a hospital for the purpose of receiving medical treatment, surgery, or other health care services. It involves staying in the hospital as an inpatient, typically under the care of doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. The length of stay can vary depending on the individual's medical condition and the type of treatment required. Hospitalization may be necessary for a variety of reasons, such as to receive intensive care, to undergo diagnostic tests or procedures, to recover from surgery, or to manage chronic illnesses or injuries.

Follow-up studies are a type of longitudinal research that involve repeated observations or measurements of the same variables over a period of time, in order to understand their long-term effects or outcomes. In medical context, follow-up studies are often used to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical treatments, interventions, or procedures.

In a typical follow-up study, a group of individuals (called a cohort) who have received a particular treatment or intervention are identified and then followed over time through periodic assessments or data collection. The data collected may include information on clinical outcomes, adverse events, changes in symptoms or functional status, and other relevant measures.

The results of follow-up studies can provide important insights into the long-term benefits and risks of medical interventions, as well as help to identify factors that may influence treatment effectiveness or patient outcomes. However, it is important to note that follow-up studies can be subject to various biases and limitations, such as loss to follow-up, recall bias, and changes in clinical practice over time, which must be carefully considered when interpreting the results.

Prospective studies, also known as longitudinal studies, are a type of cohort study in which data is collected forward in time, following a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure over a period of time. The researchers clearly define the study population and exposure of interest at the beginning of the study and follow up with the participants to determine the outcomes that develop over time. This type of study design allows for the investigation of causal relationships between exposures and outcomes, as well as the identification of risk factors and the estimation of disease incidence rates. Prospective studies are particularly useful in epidemiology and medical research when studying diseases with long latency periods or rare outcomes.

Medical mass screening, also known as population screening, is a public health service that aims to identify and detect asymptomatic individuals in a given population who have or are at risk of a specific disease. The goal is to provide early treatment, reduce morbidity and mortality, and prevent the spread of diseases within the community.

A mass screening program typically involves offering a simple, quick, and non-invasive test to a large number of people in a defined population, regardless of their risk factors or symptoms. Those who test positive are then referred for further diagnostic tests and appropriate medical interventions. Examples of mass screening programs include mammography for breast cancer detection, PSA (prostate-specific antigen) testing for prostate cancer, and fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer.

It is important to note that mass screening programs should be evidence-based, cost-effective, and ethically sound, with clear benefits outweighing potential harms. They should also consider factors such as the prevalence of the disease in the population, the accuracy and reliability of the screening test, and the availability and effectiveness of treatment options.

'House calls' is a term used in the medical field to refer to healthcare services provided by a physician or other healthcare professional who visits a patient in their home, instead of the patient traveling to a medical office or clinic. This practice was more common in the past, but has become less so with the advent of modern medical technology and the increased emphasis on outpatient care. However, house calls are still practiced today, particularly for patients who are homebound due to illness or disability, or for those who require palliative or end-of-life care. House calls can help improve access to care for these vulnerable populations and enhance patient satisfaction by providing personalized, convenient, and compassionate care in the comfort of their own homes.

Decision support techniques are methods used to help individuals or groups make informed and effective decisions in a medical context. These techniques can involve various approaches, such as:

1. **Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS):** Computerized systems that provide clinicians with patient-specific information and evidence-based recommendations to assist in decision-making. CDSS can be integrated into electronic health records (EHRs) or standalone applications.

2. **Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM):** A systematic approach to clinical decision-making that involves the integration of best available research evidence, clinician expertise, and patient values and preferences. EBM emphasizes the importance of using high-quality scientific studies to inform medical decisions.

3. **Diagnostic Reasoning:** The process of formulating a diagnosis based on history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Diagnostic reasoning techniques may include pattern recognition, hypothetico-deductive reasoning, or a combination of both.

4. **Predictive Modeling:** The use of statistical models to predict patient outcomes based on historical data and clinical variables. These models can help clinicians identify high-risk patients and inform treatment decisions.

5. **Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA):** An economic evaluation technique that compares the costs and benefits of different medical interventions to determine which option provides the most value for money. CEA can assist decision-makers in allocating resources efficiently.

6. **Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA):** A structured approach to decision-making that involves identifying, evaluating, and comparing multiple criteria or objectives. MCDA can help clinicians and patients make complex decisions by accounting for various factors, such as efficacy, safety, cost, and patient preferences.

7. **Shared Decision-Making (SDM):** A collaborative approach to decision-making that involves the clinician and patient working together to choose the best course of action based on the available evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values and preferences. SDM aims to empower patients to participate actively in their care.

These techniques can be used individually or in combination to support medical decision-making and improve patient outcomes.

A physical examination is a methodical and systematic process of evaluating a patient's overall health status. It involves inspecting, palpating, percussing, and auscultating different parts of the body to detect any abnormalities or medical conditions. The primary purpose of a physical examination is to gather information about the patient's health, identify potential health risks, diagnose medical conditions, and develop an appropriate plan for prevention, treatment, or further evaluation.

During a physical examination, a healthcare provider may assess various aspects of a patient's health, including their vital signs (such as blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory rate), height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and overall appearance. They may also examine different organ systems, such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurological, musculoskeletal, and genitourinary systems, to identify any signs of disease or abnormalities.

Physical examinations are an essential part of preventive healthcare and are typically performed during routine check-ups, annual physicals, and when patients present with symptoms or concerns about their health. The specific components of a physical examination may vary depending on the patient's age, sex, medical history, and presenting symptoms.

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is a systematic process used to compare the costs and benefits of different options to determine which one provides the greatest net benefit. In a medical context, CBA can be used to evaluate the value of medical interventions, treatments, or policies by estimating and monetizing all the relevant costs and benefits associated with each option.

The costs included in a CBA may include direct costs such as the cost of the intervention or treatment itself, as well as indirect costs such as lost productivity or time away from work. Benefits may include improved health outcomes, reduced morbidity or mortality, and increased quality of life.

Once all the relevant costs and benefits have been identified and quantified, they are typically expressed in monetary terms to allow for a direct comparison. The option with the highest net benefit (i.e., the difference between total benefits and total costs) is considered the most cost-effective.

It's important to note that CBA has some limitations and can be subject to various biases and assumptions, so it should be used in conjunction with other evaluation methods to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the value of medical interventions or policies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pilot projects" is not a medical term per se. Instead, it is a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine, to describe a small-scale initiative that is implemented on a temporary basis to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, or impact before deciding whether to expand or continue it.

In the context of healthcare, pilot projects might involve testing new treatment protocols, implementing innovative care models, or introducing technology solutions in a limited setting to assess their potential benefits and drawbacks. The results of these projects can help inform decisions about broader implementation and provide valuable insights for improving the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

Patient participation refers to the active involvement of patients in their own healthcare process. This includes:

1. Making informed decisions about their health and treatment options in partnership with healthcare professionals.
2. Communicating effectively with healthcare providers to ensure their needs, preferences, and values are taken into account.
3. Monitoring their own health status and seeking appropriate care when needed.
4. Providing feedback on the quality of care they receive to help improve healthcare services.

Patient participation is considered a key component of patient-centered care, which aims to treat patients as whole persons with unique needs, values, and preferences, rather than simply treating their medical conditions. It is also an essential element of shared decision-making, where patients and healthcare providers work together to make informed decisions based on the best available evidence and the patient's individual circumstances.

An emergency service in a hospital is a department that provides immediate medical or surgical care for individuals who are experiencing an acute illness, injury, or severe symptoms that require immediate attention. The goal of an emergency service is to quickly assess, stabilize, and treat patients who require urgent medical intervention, with the aim of preventing further harm or death.

Emergency services in hospitals typically operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and are staffed by teams of healthcare professionals including physicians, nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and other allied health professionals. These teams are trained to provide rapid evaluation and treatment for a wide range of medical conditions, from minor injuries to life-threatening emergencies such as heart attacks, strokes, and severe infections.

In addition to providing emergency care, hospital emergency services also serve as a key point of entry for patients who require further hospitalization or specialized care. They work closely with other departments within the hospital, such as radiology, laboratory, and critical care units, to ensure that patients receive timely and appropriate treatment. Overall, the emergency service in a hospital plays a crucial role in ensuring that patients receive prompt and effective medical care during times of crisis.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

A cohort study is a type of observational study in which a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure are followed up over time to determine the incidence of a specific outcome or outcomes. The cohort, or group, is defined based on the exposure status (e.g., exposed vs. unexposed) and then monitored prospectively to assess for the development of new health events or conditions.

Cohort studies can be either prospective or retrospective in design. In a prospective cohort study, participants are enrolled and followed forward in time from the beginning of the study. In contrast, in a retrospective cohort study, researchers identify a cohort that has already been assembled through medical records, insurance claims, or other sources and then look back in time to assess exposure status and health outcomes.

Cohort studies are useful for establishing causality between an exposure and an outcome because they allow researchers to observe the temporal relationship between the two. They can also provide information on the incidence of a disease or condition in different populations, which can be used to inform public health policy and interventions. However, cohort studies can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, and they may be subject to bias if participants are not representative of the population or if there is loss to follow-up.

"California" is a geographical location and does not have a medical definition. It is a state located on the west coast of the United States, known for its diverse landscape including mountains, beaches, and forests. However, in some contexts, "California" may refer to certain medical conditions or situations that are associated with the state, such as:

* California encephalitis: a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes that is common in California and other western states.
* California king snake: a non-venomous snake species found in California and other parts of the southwestern United States, which can bite and cause allergic reactions in some people.
* California roll: a type of sushi roll that originated in California and is made with avocado, cucumber, and crab meat, which may pose an allergy risk for some individuals.

It's important to note that these uses of "California" are not medical definitions per se, but rather descriptive terms that refer to specific conditions or situations associated with the state.

The "attitude of health personnel" refers to the overall disposition, behavior, and approach that healthcare professionals exhibit towards their patients or clients. This encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Interpersonal skills: The ability to communicate effectively, listen actively, and build rapport with patients.
2. Professionalism: Adherence to ethical principles, confidentiality, and maintaining a non-judgmental attitude.
3. Compassion and empathy: Showing genuine concern for the patient's well-being and understanding their feelings and experiences.
4. Cultural sensitivity: Respecting and acknowledging the cultural backgrounds, beliefs, and values of patients.
5. Competence: Demonstrating knowledge, skills, and expertise in providing healthcare services.
6. Collaboration: Working together with other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for the patient.
7. Patient-centeredness: Focusing on the individual needs, preferences, and goals of the patient in the decision-making process.
8. Commitment to continuous learning and improvement: Staying updated with the latest developments in the field and seeking opportunities to enhance one's skills and knowledge.

A positive attitude of health personnel contributes significantly to patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment plans, and overall healthcare outcomes.

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) is not a universally accepted medical diagnosis, but it is a term used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to describe situations where building occupants experience acute health and comfort effects that seem to be linked to time spent in a building, without any specific illness or cause being identified.

The symptoms of SBS may include:

* Eye, nose, or throat irritation
* Headaches
* Dry cough
* Dry or itchy skin
* Dizziness and nausea
* Fatigue
* Difficulty concentrating
* Sensory irritability

These symptoms usually disappear after leaving the building. The causes of SBS are not well understood, but they are often attributed to inadequate ventilation, chemical contaminants from indoor or outdoor sources, biological contaminants such as mold or bacteria, and physical factors such as lighting, noise, or extremes of temperature or humidity.

It is important to note that the symptoms of SBS can also be caused by other factors, so it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional if you experience any of these symptoms. A thorough investigation of the building and its environment may also be necessary to identify potential causes and solutions.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

"Age factors" refer to the effects, changes, or differences that age can have on various aspects of health, disease, and medical care. These factors can encompass a wide range of issues, including:

1. Physiological changes: As people age, their bodies undergo numerous physical changes that can affect how they respond to medications, illnesses, and medical procedures. For example, older adults may be more sensitive to certain drugs or have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
2. Chronic conditions: Age is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. As a result, age-related medical issues are common and can impact treatment decisions and outcomes.
3. Cognitive decline: Aging can also lead to cognitive changes, including memory loss and decreased decision-making abilities. These changes can affect a person's ability to understand and comply with medical instructions, leading to potential complications in their care.
4. Functional limitations: Older adults may experience physical limitations that impact their mobility, strength, and balance, increasing the risk of falls and other injuries. These limitations can also make it more challenging for them to perform daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking.
5. Social determinants: Age-related factors, such as social isolation, poverty, and lack of access to transportation, can impact a person's ability to obtain necessary medical care and affect their overall health outcomes.

Understanding age factors is critical for healthcare providers to deliver high-quality, patient-centered care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of older adults. By taking these factors into account, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans that consider a person's age, physical condition, cognitive abilities, and social circumstances.

Practice guidelines, also known as clinical practice guidelines, are systematically developed statements that aim to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available scientific evidence, consensus of expert opinion, and consideration of patient preferences. Practice guidelines can cover a wide range of topics, including diagnosis, management, prevention, and treatment options for various medical conditions. They are intended to improve the quality and consistency of care, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote evidence-based medicine. However, they should not replace clinical judgment or individualized patient care.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

Hypertension is a medical term used to describe abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries, often defined as consistently having systolic blood pressure (the top number in a blood pressure reading) over 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) over 80 mmHg. It is also commonly referred to as high blood pressure.

Hypertension can be classified into two types: primary or essential hypertension, which has no identifiable cause and accounts for about 95% of cases, and secondary hypertension, which is caused by underlying medical conditions such as kidney disease, hormonal disorders, or use of certain medications.

If left untreated, hypertension can lead to serious health complications such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease. Therefore, it is important for individuals with hypertension to manage their condition through lifestyle modifications (such as healthy diet, regular exercise, stress management) and medication if necessary, under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Regression analysis is a statistical technique used in medicine, as well as in other fields, to examine the relationship between one or more independent variables (predictors) and a dependent variable (outcome). It allows for the estimation of the average change in the outcome variable associated with a one-unit change in an independent variable, while controlling for the effects of other independent variables. This technique is often used to identify risk factors for diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medical interventions. In medical research, regression analysis can be used to adjust for potential confounding variables and to quantify the relationship between exposures and health outcomes. It can also be used in predictive modeling to estimate the probability of a particular outcome based on multiple predictors.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Decision-making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives. In a medical context, decision-making refers to the process by which healthcare professionals and patients make choices about medical tests, treatments, or management options based on a thorough evaluation of available information, including the patient's preferences, values, and circumstances.

The decision-making process in medicine typically involves several steps:

1. Identifying the problem or issue that requires a decision.
2. Gathering relevant information about the patient's medical history, current condition, diagnostic test results, treatment options, and potential outcomes.
3. Considering the benefits, risks, and uncertainties associated with each option.
4. Evaluating the patient's preferences, values, and goals.
5. Selecting the most appropriate course of action based on a careful weighing of the available evidence and the patient's individual needs and circumstances.
6. Communicating the decision to the patient and ensuring that they understand the rationale behind it, as well as any potential risks or benefits.
7. Monitoring the outcomes of the decision and adjusting the course of action as needed based on ongoing evaluation and feedback.

Effective decision-making in medicine requires a thorough understanding of medical evidence, clinical expertise, and patient preferences. It also involves careful consideration of ethical principles, such as respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. Ultimately, the goal of decision-making in healthcare is to promote the best possible outcomes for patients while minimizing harm and respecting their individual needs and values.

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) is a non-invasive method of measuring blood pressure at regular intervals over a 24-hour period or more. This is typically done using a portable device that is worn on a belt around the waist and connected to a cuff wrapped around the upper arm. The device automatically inflates the cuff and records blood pressure readings at preset intervals, usually every 15 to 30 minutes during the day and every 30 to 60 minutes during the night.

ABPM provides valuable information about blood pressure patterns over an extended period, including how it varies throughout the day and in response to daily activities, posture changes, and sleep. This can help healthcare providers diagnose and manage hypertension more effectively, as well as assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive medications. ABPM is also useful for identifying white coat hypertension, a condition where blood pressure readings are higher in a medical setting than in daily life.

Overall, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "travel" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. In general, travel refers to the act of moving or journeying from one place to another, often over long distances. However, in a medical context, it might refer to the recommendation that individuals with certain medical conditions or those who are immunocompromised avoid traveling to areas where they may be at increased risk of exposure to infectious diseases. It's always best to check with a healthcare professional for advice related to specific medical situations and travel.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Interior Design and Furnishings" is not a term that has a medical definition. Interior design refers to the planning, designing, and coordinating of spaces in residential, commercial, or industrial buildings to create functional and aesthetically pleasing environments. This can include selecting colors, furniture, lighting, flooring, and other decorative materials. Furnishings generally refer to the items such as furniture, curtains, rugs, and other decorative elements that are used to make a space comfortable and attractive.

If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

An outpatient clinic in a hospital setting is a department or facility where patients receive medical care without being admitted to the hospital. These clinics are typically designed to provide specialized services for specific medical conditions or populations. They may be staffed by physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who work on a part-time or full-time basis.

Outpatient clinics offer a range of services, including diagnostic tests, consultations, treatments, and follow-up care. Patients can visit the clinic for routine checkups, management of chronic conditions, rehabilitation, and other medical needs. The specific services offered at an outpatient clinic will depend on the hospital and the clinic's specialty.

Outpatient clinics are often more convenient and cost-effective than inpatient care because they allow patients to receive medical treatment while continuing to live at home. They also help reduce the burden on hospitals by freeing up beds for patients who require more intensive or emergency care. Overall, outpatient clinics play an essential role in providing accessible and high-quality healthcare services to patients in their communities.

Risk assessment in the medical context refers to the process of identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing risks to patients, healthcare workers, or the community related to healthcare delivery. It involves determining the likelihood and potential impact of adverse events or hazards, such as infectious diseases, medication errors, or medical devices failures, and implementing measures to mitigate or manage those risks. The goal of risk assessment is to promote safe and high-quality care by identifying areas for improvement and taking action to minimize harm.

The term "appointments and schedules" is commonly used in the medical field to refer to the planned or designated times for patients to see healthcare professionals for medical services. Here are the definitions of each term:

1. Appointment: A prearranged meeting between a patient and a healthcare professional at a specific time and date. An appointment is typically made in advance, either by the patient or the healthcare professional's office staff, to ensure that both parties are available to meet at the designated time.
2. Schedule: A list of appointments or activities that are planned for a specific period, such as a day, week, or month. In a medical setting, a schedule may include appointments for patients to see their healthcare professionals, as well as times for procedures, tests, and other medical services.

Together, appointments and schedules help ensure that healthcare professionals can provide timely and efficient care to their patients. They also allow patients to plan their visits to the doctor's office or hospital around their own busy schedules.

Ambulatory care facilities are healthcare providers where patients receive medical services, treatments, or procedures that do not require an overnight hospital stay. These facilities are often used for diagnosis, observation, and outpatient care such as same-day surgery, preventive health screenings, and minor procedures. They can include a wide range of settings like physician offices, community clinics, urgent care centers, dialysis centers, and surgical centers. The goal of ambulatory care facilities is to provide high-quality medical services in a convenient and cost-effective manner for patients who do not require hospitalization.

Blood pressure determination is the medical procedure to measure and assess the force or pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries during a heartbeat cycle. It is typically measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is expressed as two numbers: systolic pressure (the higher number, representing the pressure when the heart beats and pushes blood out into the arteries) and diastolic pressure (the lower number, representing the pressure when the heart rests between beats). A normal blood pressure reading is typically around 120/80 mmHg. High blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as a consistently elevated blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg or higher, while low blood pressure (hypotension) is defined as a consistently low blood pressure below 90/60 mmHg. Blood pressure determination is an important vital sign and helps to evaluate overall cardiovascular health and identify potential health risks.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "workplace" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. The term "workplace" generally refers to a place where people work or carry out their jobs. It could be an office, a factory, a construction site, a retail store, or any other location where work-related activities take place.

If you're looking for a term related to health or medicine that describes a physical location, some examples might include "healthcare facility," "clinic," "hospital," "operating room," or "examination room." If you could provide more context or clarify what you're looking for, I'd be happy to help further!

In medical terms, "private practice" refers to the provision of healthcare services by a licensed and trained medical professional (such as a doctor, nurse practitioner, or dentist) who operates independently and is not employed by a hospital, clinic, or other health care institution. In private practice, these professionals offer their medical expertise and treatments directly to patients on a fee-for-service basis or through insurance billing. They are responsible for managing their own schedules, appointments, staff, and finances while maintaining compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and professional standards.

Private practices can vary in size and structure, ranging from solo practitioners working alone to larger group practices with multiple healthcare providers sharing resources and expertise. The primary advantage of private practice is the autonomy it provides for medical professionals to make decisions regarding patient care, treatment options, and business management without interference from external entities.

In April 2010 in the United Kingdom two Foreign Office civil servants distributed an internal Foreign Office papal visit memo ... The memo suggested that Pope Benedict XVI, during his visit, could launch a range of branded condoms, visit an abortion clinic ... The 'ideal visit' paper in particular was the product of a brainstorm which took into account even the most far-fetched of ... The Foreign Office employees responsible for the memo were disciplined; Anjoum Noorani was suspended and was later given a ...
Visiting Hours at IMDb Visiting Hours at AllMovie Visiting Hours at Rotten Tomatoes Visiting Hours at Box Office Mojo (Articles ... Visiting Hours was released on May 28, 1982, and grossed $13.3 million at the box office on a budget of $6 million. The film ... List of films featuring home invasions "Visiting Hours (1982)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 26 October 2019 ... "Visiting Hours". Variety: 24. 5 May 1982. Siskel, Gene (June 3, 1982). "Tempo: 'Visiting Hours': Another disgusting trash/slash ...
... at IMDb The Band's Visit at Metacritic The Band's Visit at Box Office Mojo The Band's Visit at Rotten Tomatoes ... Israeli film Culture of Israel "The Band's Visit". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 3 January 2022. Yudilovitch, Merav (28 October ... "The Band's Visit". Retrieved 9 November 2013. "Dracher". Message Boards. IMDb. Tugend, Tom. "Israel's Band's Visit finally ... "The Band's Visit". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 8 February 2008. "The Band's Visit". Metacritic. Retrieved 17 July 2018. "2007 ...
Kremlin Presidential Office. 2023-07-28. Retrieved 2023-07-28. "Mali's interim president arrives in St. Petersburg for Russia- ... Diplomatic visits by heads of government, Lists of diplomatic visits by heads of state). ... This list only includes heads of state and government that visited Russia while serving as the head of state or government. ... List of serving heads of state and government that have visited Ukraine during the Russian invasion of Ukraine "Algerian prime ...
The Visit at IMDb The Visit at Rotten Tomatoes The Visit at Box Office Mojo (IMDb ID (Cite Mojo) different from Wikidata, ... "The Visit (2015)". The Numbers. Nash Information Services, LLC. Retrieved February 19, 2021. "The Visit (2015)". Box Office ... The Visit was released on Blu-ray and DVD on January 5, 2016. The Visit grossed over $65.2 million in the United States and ... "The Perfect Guy' scares off 'The Visit' at Friday's box office". LA Times.com. September 12, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015 ...
He also visited the Washington, D.C. local Catholic Charities office. He then flew from Washington, to New York City. After ... List of pastoral visits of Pope Paul VI List of pastoral visits of Pope John Paul II List of pastoral visits of Pope Benedict ... Pope Francis's visit to Philippines was the fourth papal visit to the island nation. Paul VI visited Philippines in 1970 and ... Pope Francis became the first Pope to ever visit Iraq. During his visit to Iraq, Pope Francis visited the Iraqi cities and ...
On December 4, the king visited the San Francisco Mint, and the Western Union Telegraph office, where he wired greetings to ... Kamehameha IV's widow Queen Emma had visited New York and San Francisco in 1866 on her return from a personal visit to England ... Diplomatic visits to the United States, Diplomatic visits by heads of state, Hawaiian Kingdom-United States relations). ... Kalākaua made a visit to the Robin Hood Lodge of the Ancient Order of Foresters while he was in the city. On their last evening ...
General, Office of the Secretary to the Governor (July 13, 2022). "Governor General to take part in the visit of His Holiness ... It was the first papal visit to Canada since 2002, when Pope John Paul II visited Toronto for World Youth Day. The visit was ... Pope Francis visited Canada from July 24 to 29, 2022, with stops in the provinces of Alberta and Quebec and the territory of ... The visit lasted almost four hours, with the Pope's plane leaving for Rome about 90 minutes behind schedule. Pope Francis on ...
"Royal Visits to the County of West Sussex: 1977 to date" (PDF). West Sussex Lieutenancy Office. 2009. Retrieved 25 November ... Queen Elizabeth II first visited in 1951 when she was still Princess Elizabeth, and regular visits have been made by other ... She often visited the house and its grounds as a child; and later in her life she intervened to prevent the felling of trees in ... Regular visits and temporary residency by members of the British Royal Family attracted rich, upper-class visitors who wanted ...
Office of the Historian. Retrieved March 20, 2016. "Travels of President Lyndon B. Johnson". Office of the Historian. Retrieved ... Dwight D. Eisenhower became the first incumbent president to visit a Southeast Asian country when he visited the Philippines in ... is the most visited Southeast Asian country with ten visits, followed by Indonesia with nine, and Vietnam with eight. Of the ... "Trump's Asia visit leaves China stronger". "Trump says to spend extra day in Philippines during Asia trip". Reuters. November 3 ...
"Office of The Gambian President: State House Online: Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh: PRESIDENT JAMMEH VISITS THE PHILIPPINES". Statehouse. ... official visit, or working visit. The scope of the list includes visits by: heads of state and heads of government The top ... with two visits. Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo's 1943 visit was the first state visit to the Philippines, while Sukarno's ... "The difference between a state visit, official visit, and working visit". Official Gazette. Archived from the original on May 2 ...
"2020 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Mongolia. Archived from the original on 1 September ... It was the first visit by a pope to Mongolia, which as of 2023 had just 1,500 Catholics, from a total Christian population of ... Pope Francis's visit to Mongolia (Mongolian: Пап Францисын Монгол дахь айлчлал) took place between 31 August and 4 September ... Later in the day he paid a visit to Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, the official episcopal see, and met with the Catholic ...
3922". Office of Public Sector Information. 11 December 2001. Retrieved 2007-03-26. "Visiting forces (Agreement) Act". Pacific ... The Visiting Forces Act (R.S., 1985, c. V-2) provides that the service authorities and service courts of a visiting force may ... Visiting Forces Act is a title often given to laws governing the status of military personnel while they are visiting areas ... Singapore's Visiting Forces Act contains provisions for "the naval, military and air forces of certain other countries visiting ...
Media related to State visits at Wikimedia Commons Visits by Foreign Leaders - Organized by the Office of the Historian of the ... as either an official visit, an official working visit, a working visit, a guest-of-government visit, or a private visit. In ... for state visits) or prime minister of Canada (for official visits). State visits also include a visit to the National War ... Official visits refer to a visit by a head of government to Washington. During state visits, there are usually many events ...
Law Office of Daniel H. Deng. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 法務部陳部長率同檢察司司長蔡碧玉、參事張紫薇於美東時間二○○二年七月十二日下午三時三十分許(台北時間七月十三日星期六凌晨三時三十分)由駐美 ... Other than visiting Washington, D.C., Chen visited Harvard University and Yale University and observed local community service ... The visit was headed by Chen Ding-nan, the Taiwanese Minister of Justice, with the highlight being the reception by his ... Minister
North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved January 1, 2015. Murray, Elizabeth Reid (1983). Wake [Capital ... Visits Poughkeepsie, New York September 17 - Visits Catskill, NY and stops in Hudson September 18 - Visits Troy, NY and stops ... Visited Marietta, Ohio stopping overnight at the residence of Nahum Ward. May 24 - Visited Wheeling, Virginia May 25 - Visited ... Visits Portsmouth, New Hampshire September 2 - Visits Boston and Lexington, Massachusetts September 3 - Visits Lancaster, ...
Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Active and Engaged > Representing Canada > Abroad > State Visits > State Visit to ... Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Active and Engaged > Representing Canada > Abroad > State Visits > State Visit to ... Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Active and Engaged > Representing Canada > Abroad > State Visits > State Visit to ... Office of the Governor General of Canada (25 April 2014). "Visit to the West Coast of the United States of America". Queen's ...
"His Majesty the King Returns Home from Royal State Visit in Vietnam". Press and Quick Reaction Unit - Office of Cambodia's ... "King, Queen-Mother Return Home from Routine Medical Visit in China". Press and Quick Reaction Unit - Office of Cambodia's ... "Sihamoni to visit tomorrow". The Star. 26 March 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2023. "MFA Press Release: State Visit to Singapore by ... "Cambodian King pays state visit to Vietnam". Nhan Dan. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2022. "Cambodian king visits ...
Washington, DC: NASA History Office, Office of Policy and Plans, NASA Headquarters. ISBN 0-16-048907-5. NASA SP-4106. Archived ... The visiting professor is expected to deliver the Minta Martin Lecture in several venues in the United States. Kerrebrock, Jack ... "Hans Ziegler, Visiting Professor for 1963-64, is a Leading Authority on Theoretical Mechanics" (PDF). The Tech. Cambridge, MA: ... "Harvard's Bryson Visiting MIT Staff" (PDF). The Tech. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 85 (22): 3. ...
The Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. 12 February 2017. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018. "Dignitaries Met ... In 1973, he made his first visit to Europe. He made his first visit to the North America in 1979. Following is a list of all of ... Tenzin Gyatso the 14th Dalai Lama made his first foreign visit in exile to Japan and Thailand in 1967. ...
"U.S.-Philippine Joint Statement on Defense Alliance" (Press release). The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. November ... The Philippines-United States Visiting Forces Agreement, sometimes the PH-US Visiting Forces Agreement, is a bilateral visiting ... Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement Philippines-Australia Status of Visiting Forces Agreement Visiting Forces Act Visiting ... Under the Visiting Forces Agreement, the local courts have one year to complete any legal proceedings. The Agreement also ...
"Travels of President Gerald R. Ford". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Jimmy Carter". U. ... Additionally, six visits were made to the Soviet Union prior to its collapse. One visit was also made to Czechoslovakia prior ... S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Ronald Reagan". U.S. Department of State Office of the ... The first presidential visits to other Eastern European countries occurred during this era of easing geo-political tensions as ...
"Travels of President Ronald Reagan". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Inward State Visits Since 1952" (PDF). ... The first visit by an incumbent president to the island of Ireland was made in June 1963 by John F. Kennedy when he visited the ... Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Harry S. Truman". U.S. Department of State Office of the ... To date, 40 visits have been made to the United Kingdom and 11 to Ireland. The United States is bound together with both the ...
Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Franklin D. Roosevelt". U.S. Department of State Office of ... To date, 32 visits have been made to Italy, 20 Vatican City, 11 to Spain, eight to Portugal, four to Greece, three to Bosnia ... "Travels of President George H. W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011- ... "Travels of President Gerald R. Ford". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Jimmy Carter". U. ...
Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Dwight D. Eisenhower". U.S. Department of State Office of ... Of the five countries in the region, only Libya has not yet been visited by an American president. Ulysses S. Grant visited ... Nine presidents of the United States have made presidential visits to North Africa. The first trips by a sitting president to ... "Travels of President George H. W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President William J. ...
"Travels of President George H. W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President William J. ... The number of visits made to each country in the region are: 12 to Panama, seven to Costa Rica, five to El Salvador, four to ... The first visit by an incumbent president to a country in Central America was made in 1906 by Theodore Roosevelt. The trip, to ... "Travels of President George W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. "Travels of President Barack Obama". U. ...
"Travels of President George H. W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011- ... No president has yet visited Liechtenstein, Luxembourg or Monaco. Ulysses S. Grant visited France and the Netherlands in 1877, ... Thirteen United States presidents have made presidential visits to Western Europe. The first visits by an incumbent president ... To date, 40 visits have been made to France, 31 to Germany (including 10 specifically to West Germany or West Berlin), 21 to ...
"Travels of President Barack Obama". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Epatko, Larisa, "Why Obama Is Visiting ... "Obama: Proud to be first U.S. president to visit Kenya". The Hill. Retrieved July 30, 2015. Lee, Carol E. "Obama Becomes First ... Six United States presidents have made presidential visits to Sub-Saharan Africa. The first was an offshoot of Franklin D. ... Of the 46 African nations identified as sub-Saharan by the United Nations, 14 have been visited by an American president. ...
"Travels of President Lyndon B. Johnson". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on July 9 ... Several United States presidents have made presidential visits to Australia and New Zealand. The first visit by an incumbent to ... His three-day five-city visit to Australia was intended as a show of gratitude to the Australian nation for its then emphatic ... Prior to arriving in Australia, Johnson visited New Zealand. He went primarily to shore up support for the war in Vietnam. Only ...
Since the Franklin Roosevelt administration, only Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter never visited Canada while in office. Eight ... ranging from formal state visits to official visits, working visits, or private visits (or, as in the case of Franklin D. ... President Franklin Roosevelt visited there twice: He vacationed at Bay of Islands and Bonne Bay on August 17 to 20, 1939. Two ... There have been 41 United States presidential visits to Canada by 14 presidents over the past century. As the U.S. president is ...
Characteristics of Office-based Physician Visits, 2018. *Urban-rural Differences in Visits to Office-based Physicians by Adults ... Characteristics of Asthma Visits to Physician Offices in the United States: 2012-2015 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey [ ... Characteristics of Office-based Physician Visits by Age, 2019 [PDF - 411 KB] ... Physician Office Visits at Which Benzodiazepines Were Prescribed: Findings From 2014-2016 National Ambulatory Medical Care ...
The Census Bureau Regional Office in your geographical location provides a wealth of information. Pay us a visit! ...
Bhagya unexpectedly visits Gopis office, surprising him.. Gopi mistakenly assumes that Bhagya is referring to Radhika when he ... Bhagyalakshmi: Bhagya surprisingly visits Gopis office. etimes.in / Sep 22, 2023, 11:32 IST ... scolding Ishwari about Bhagyas visit to Gopis office and the trouble it caused. Ramamurthy questions how Ishwari obtained a ... Animal Box Office CollectionSalaar TrailerMedicinal PlantsKajolVegetarian DishesAlmonds DailyThank You for ComingSam Bahadur ...
He expressed sincere gratitude to the delegation for making Malta the 102nd country visited by FOWPAL. He said that the smiles ... On November 9, the delegation visited Maltas Presidential Palace.. Prof. Frank Bezzina, Acting President of Malta, commended ... While Maltese President George Vella visited Belgium, Prof. Frank Bezzina assumed the role of Acting President according to the ... Frank Bezzina, 2nd from right, wholeheartedly welcomes the FOWPAL delegation to Malta, the 102nd country visited by FOWPAL. ...
Aledade Empowers Primary Care ACOs With Updoxs Telehealth Virtual Office Visits Primary care practices launch telehealth ... For more information on how we will use your data to ensure we send you relevant content please visit our PRN Consumer ... To learn more, visit www.aledade.com or follow on Twitter or Facebook. ... Aledade will work directly with the practices to set up the platform and implement best practices for telehealth visits. ...
That is why The Office of Undergraduate Admissions provides prospective students and families opportunities to tour our campus ... Academic College Visits. Before you get to campus for your visit, schedule time to meet with someone from your academic area. ... Scheduling a Campus Visit. You have so much to add to the Auburn story. During your campus visit, youll get a sense for how ... Schedule an Academic Visit. Before you get to campus for your visit, schedule time to meet with someone from your academic area ...
That is why The Office of Undergraduate Admissions provides prospective students and families opportunities to tour our campus ... Academic College Visits. Before you get to campus for your visit, schedule time to meet with someone from your academic area. ... Scheduling a Campus Visit. You have so much to add to the Auburn story. During your campus visit, youll get a sense for how ... Schedule an Academic Visit. Before you get to campus for your visit, schedule time to meet with someone from your academic area ...
Visiting scholars have a unique opportunity to address complex budgetary and economic issues. The agency is especially ... CBOs visiting scholars strengthen vital links between the agency and the broader community of public policy analysts. ... Visiting Scholars CBOs visiting scholars strengthen vital links between the agency and the broader community of public policy ... Visiting scholars also have access to professional development opportunities and are well-placed to draw on the resources and ...
Transform your workplace with an inspirational office design and office fit out that your people will love. ... Bristol office space that blends culture, sustainability and functionality. CASE STUDY , SOUTHERN ... An inclusive office design showcasing the future of work. CASE STUDY , SOUTHERN ... Six questions to ask a landlord about your dream office space. View insight ...
In April 2010 in the United Kingdom two Foreign Office civil servants distributed an internal Foreign Office papal visit memo ... The memo suggested that Pope Benedict XVI, during his visit, could launch a range of branded condoms, visit an abortion clinic ... The ideal visit paper in particular was the product of a brainstorm which took into account even the most far-fetched of ... The Foreign Office employees responsible for the memo were disciplined; Anjoum Noorani was suspended and was later given a ...
... a famous person visits the Criterion Collections offices, William Friedkin drops by to browse. Sighting Sunday Bl ... ... In the latest edition of "a famous person visits the Criterion Collections offices," William Friedkin drops by to browse. ... We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. By ...
Visiting Taiwans Presidential Office Building. Tours are now available of Taiwans seat of government since the Japanese ... This place is the Presidential Office Building (總統府).. As it is still in active use, much of the building is not open to the ... The Presidential Office Building features a red and white Victorian brick exterior and eleven-story central tower.. Photo: ... When the author visited, there was an augmented reality exhibit where visitors could record themselves sitting down in front of ...
Numerous interruptions occurred during office visits. Gender was associated with the pattern of interruptions. Physicians ... Speaking and interruptions during primary care office visits Fam Med. 2001 Jul-Aug;33(7):528-32. ... Computer use during the office visit accounted for more interruptions than beepers. Verbal interruptions, a knock on the door, ... Methods: Observational data obtained from 60 routine primary care office visits included the time that resident physicians and ...
The Mobile Office will be open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at . . . ... today announced the Secretary of State Mobile Office will visit ... EMPIRE - Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson today announced the Secretary of State Mobile Office will visit the Empire Library ... The Mobile Office offers all the services available at a regular office. Visitors can renew their license plate tabs and ... sos/resources/news/2019/06/03/secretary-of-state-mobile-office-to-visit-empire-library-june-12 ...
... s office in Mumbai to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesha. ... Superstar Shah Rukh Khan on Sunday night visited Bollywood ... uperstar Shah Rukh Khan on Sunday night visited Bollywood producer Bhushan Kumars office in Mumbai to seek the blessings of ... He also recently visited the famous Lalbaugcha Raja in Mumbai along with his younger son AbRam. ...
I agree to receive emails from Visit Seattle and that I have read and agree to the Visit Seattle Privacy Policy.. ... FedEx Office - Seattle Sheraton Business Center. Print Services Downtown Seattle Professional, full service, printing and ... FedEx Office - Seattle Sheraton Business Center here. ...
... A new survey from JLL Healthcare reveals that telehealths ... Of the respondents who noted having virtual care components, about 31 percent resulted in a physical office visit, suggesting ... Virtual visits peaked at 52 percent of visits in the second quarter of 2020 and since then have stabilized to around 11 percent ... Seventy-six percent of all respondents who have had a telehealth visit since July 1, 2021 would prefer telehealth visits in the ...
... Collaboration among ... For more information, visit Henry Schein at www.henryschein.com, Facebook.com/HenrySchein, and @HenrySchein on Twitter. ... For more information on how we will use your data to ensure we send you relevant content please visit our PRN Consumer ... Our Business, Clinical, Technology, and Supply Chain solutions help office-based dental and medical practitioners work more ...
A visit to campaign offices reveals Texas strategies "Look at this place," University of Washington student Devon Hampton said ... At one point, he worked as an intern in Clintons office.. "I know her for who she is, and shes not this intimidating figure ...
The actress posted about her visit on Instagram Monday. ... The Office star Jenna Fischer visits Shy Wolf Sanctuary in ... NAPLES, Fla. - Jenna Fischer, who starred in NBCs "The Office" as Pam Beesly, recently visited Shy Wolf Sanctuary in Naples. ... Home » NBC-2 , WBBH » The Office star Jenna Fischer visits Shy Wolf Sanctuary in Naples ... Shy Wolf commented on the post, saying, "it was such a pleasure to have you and your family visit our sanctuary." ...
The delegates from the parliament of Iceland visited the UNCCD New York Liaison office on 24 October 2018 to discuss the work ... New York, USA - The delegates from the parliament of Iceland visited the UNCCD New York Liaison office on 24 October 2018 to ... Parliamentarians from Iceland visit UNCCD offices in New York * 26 October 2018 ... Speaking to the delegates, the Chief of UNCCD office in New York Mr. Melchiade Bukuru presented the major highlights in the ...
TDS can process your Belarus Private Visit Visa Application in our Washington DC and New York Offices. ... Choose the office to expedite your Belarus Private Visit Visa Application TDS Washington DC ... Is the Private Visit Visa for US Citizens option not what you are looking for? Check out other visa options for Belarus ... Contact5 National Offices*. Washington DC. 1010 Wisconsin Ave NW. STE #845. Washington, DC 20007 ...
... just concluded a week-long visit to Ethiopia to acknowledge the countrys efforts to sustain essential health services ... During her visit, Dr Moeti also met with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Honourable Demeke Mekonnen, ... During her visit to the Amhara Public Health Institute, Dr Moeti commended the Institutes leadership in the regions response ... During the visit Dr Moeti was accompanied by WHO Regional Emergency Preparedness and Response Director, Dr Abdou-Salam Gueye, ...
Visit our Accessibility Information Page to find detailed information about our office and its accessibility considerations.. ... Centre for Accessible Learning (CAL) / Contact Us / What to Expect When Visiting Our Office ... Phone Appointments: For phone appointments, you will be asked to provide your preferred phone number to the front office staff ... Virtual Appointments: For virtual appointments, once you have confirmed the appointment date and time with CAL office staff via ...
Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson on Friday made his first visit to the White House since taking municipal office last year, using the ... Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson discusses economic development on first White House visit since taking office. The mayor made the ... WASHINGTON - Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson on Friday made his first visit to the White House since taking municipal office last ... Its one of his first visits to the nations capital since being elected mayor, providing him the opportunity to build ...
... ... Drake is just a 40-minute drive from Mr Joyces second electorate office in Tenterfield but his office insists a helicopter was ... During the three-hour visit he launched a Telstra mobile tower - first announced in June 2015 - and visited the school, a local ... The latest Drake visit, which will cost the public almost $4000, happened two days after the Turnbull government released a ...
President visits Alifushi Police Station and meets senior officers 09 September 2021, Press Release ...
Just hours before the reception for Arizonas trade office, Virginia announced the opening of a Taiwan trade office of its own. ... The office, which opened in March in Taipei and falls under the purview of the Arizona Commerce Authority, will work to ... In the past three years, the number of state offices in Taiwan has grown from seven to 15, with four more in the works, ... Katie Hobbs is interviewed by reporters at a reception for the Arizona-Taiwan trade office in Taipei, Taiwan, on Tuesday. ...
Copyright(c) KOREAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE. All Rights Reserved.. *Government Complex Daejeon Building 4, 189, Cheongsa- ...
  • The Arizona Commerce Authority opened a new Arizona-Taiwan trade office in the capital city of Taipei, Taiwan, in March 2023. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • A delegation from the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) visited The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) on November 16, 2023 for in-depth academic and research exchanges with PolyU scholars. (edu.hk)
  • As physicians across the nation manage growing demands due to the COVID-19 pandemic, those practicing as part of Aledade's network will now be able to offer patients timely telehealth visits. (prnewswire.com)
  • Aledade will work directly with the practices to set up the platform and implement best practices for telehealth visits. (prnewswire.com)
  • Aledade anticipates great demand for telehealth visits with as many as 500 to 1,000 providers accessing the platform across more than 20 states. (prnewswire.com)
  • Millennials and urban dwellers are the most favorable for future telehealth visits. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Seventy-six percent of all respondents who have had a telehealth visit since July 1, 2021 would prefer telehealth visits in the future. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • 25 years during the COVID-19 pandemic, CDC used National Syndromic Surveillance Program data to examine changes in ED visits during 2019-2022. (medscape.com)
  • Visits to surgery centers required the longest amounts of travel, with 31 percent traveling 30 minutes or more. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Virtual visits peaked at 52 percent of visits in the second quarter of 2020 and since then have stabilized to around 11 percent, according to May 2021 data from Chartis Group, up from a pre-pandemic utilization of less than 1 percent in early 2020. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Addis Ababa, 20 April 2021 - The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, just concluded a week-long visit to Ethiopia to acknowledge the country's efforts to sustain essential health services alongside the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, learn about the progress and challenges in the health response to the humanitarian situation in northern Ethiopia, and reaffirm WHO's commitment to support these efforts. (who.int)
  • Under the E/M rules that went into effect on Jan. 1, 2021, the complexity of medical decision-making (MDM) is used to determine what level of E/M code you can use for an office visit. (aao.org)
  • 22 June 2021 - Dr Khalifa Al Wahaibi, Director General of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, visited the WHO country office in Oman to meet with WHO Representative Dr Jean Jabbour on 2 June 2021 to explore potential areas for collaboration and partnership between Sultan Qaboos University Hospital and WHO. (who.int)
  • Mean weekly cannabis-involved ED visits among all young persons were higher during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, 2021, and 2022, compared with corresponding periods in 2019. (medscape.com)
  • This study examined physician-patient communication patterns, and interruptions in communication, during patient visits with family practice and internal medicine residents. (nih.gov)
  • The physician saw the patient in the office and decided patient needed surgery. (aapc.com)
  • If the physician saw the patient in the office and decided to admit the patient the same day - AND the physician also saw the patient in the hospital - you will code the Initial Hospital visit, combining ALL the documentation into one code. (aapc.com)
  • You would code the initial hospital visit (I'm assuming physician also saw patient in the hospital) with a -57 modifier to show it was the decision for surgery. (aapc.com)
  • In 2009, an estimated 1,038 million visits were made to physician offices and 96 million visits to hospital outpatient department clinics for ambulatory care. (cdc.gov)
  • Verbal interruptions, a knock on the door, beeper interruptions, and computer use all interfered with communication, and increased frequency of interruptions are associated with less favorable patient perceptions of the office visit. (nih.gov)
  • If you would like to schedule a meeting with your admissions advisor during your visit, please reach out to them prior to your trip to campus. (auburn.edu)
  • The Advisor will bring you into their CAL office so you can meet privately for your assigned appointment time. (sfu.ca)
  • Do you want to visit Brest and its must-sees without any restrictions? (brest-metropole-tourisme.fr)
  • Besides morning wellness checks and telemedicine visits, Tashman sees sick patients in the afternoon. (hvparent.com)
  • Visiting Angels Elkhart grew over the years and moved to their new office at 209 S Main St., Nappanee, Indiana in December of 2017. (visitingangels.com)
  • Santa Claus' Main Post Office in the Santa Claus Village at the Arctic Circle, 8 km north of Rovaniemi, is the only official post office of Santa Claus. (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • Santa Claus' Main Post Office has a wide range of delightful Christmas products, stamps, postcards, gift items and many kinds of Christmas souvenirs. (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • Cards, letters and parcels sent from Santa Claus' Main Post Office are stamped with a genuine and popular Arctic Circle postmark, which is something you can't get anywhere else! (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • When Santa Claus Main Post Office is closed you can leave your letter or postcard with postage stamp to the yellow postbox next to the main entrance of Santa Claus Main Post Office, they will be stamped with the special Arctic Circle postmark. (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • Prof. Frank Bezzina, 2nd from right, wholeheartedly welcomes the FOWPAL delegation to Malta, the 102nd country visited by FOWPAL. (fox59.com)
  • On November 9, the delegation visited Malta's Presidential Palace. (fox59.com)
  • He expressed sincere gratitude to the delegation for making Malta the 102nd country visited by FOWPAL. (fox59.com)
  • The delegation also visited the CNERC-Rail, which focuses on the development of advanced technologies applicable to railways, aiming to enhance the safety, reliability, and comfort of the national high-speed rail system. (edu.hk)
  • New York, USA - The delegates from the parliament of Iceland visited the UNCCD New York Liaison office on 24 October 2018 to discuss the work of the convention and the role of land restoration in achieving Iceland's recent decision to go carbon neutral by 2040. (unccd.int)
  • The twenty-third session was the last for two of the members, Mr Steve Tinton and Mr Mukesh Arya, as their four-year term of office comes to an end in January 2018. (who.int)
  • Hello, This question has probably been asked before, but one of our doc's saw a pt in the office, 99203 and scheduled him for surgery the next day in the hospital, (pt stayed in hospital for 3 days). (aapc.com)
  • patient seen in the office and sent directly to hospital for admission for surgery the next day. (aapc.com)
  • Estimates based on sampled visits to office-based physicians and hospital outpatient department clinics. (cdc.gov)
  • Throughout most of its existence, its purpose has remained the same, serving as an office for the leader of Taiwan: the governor-general during the Japanese era, and the Republic of China (ROC) president since then. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Office of the Governor. (alaska-native-news.com)
  • Anchorage, AK) - The Office of the Governor Monday announced the Conversations with Alaskans community visits and public town hall meetings in Kenai, Seward, and Homer have been suspended, allowing Governor Mike Dunleavy to remain closely connected to federal and local partners while monitoring the rapidly-evolving information in regard to the novel coronavirus. (alaska-native-news.com)
  • Despite the rise in telehealth, virtual visits are still resulting in physical visits. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • But telehealth is not replacing the physical office by any means. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Of the respondents who noted having virtual care components, about 31 percent resulted in a physical office visit, suggesting telehealth's position as an augmentation to the physical office, rather than a replacement. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Virtual care via telehealth is replacing some in-person visits, but nearly three quarters of the care still involved a physical location according to our survey results. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Steady occupancy of 91 to 92 percent in the national medical office market over the past three years, coupled with slightly increasing rental rates, seem to bear out the durability of physical sites of care. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Physical office closed. (iup.edu)
  • In April 2010 in the United Kingdom two Foreign Office civil servants distributed an internal Foreign Office papal visit memo related to Pope Benedict XVI's visit to the United Kingdom containing remarks insulting to the Pope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most tourists and longtime residents of Taiwan have visited Taipei's tallest building, Taipei 101, at some point. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Gov. Katie Hobbs is interviewed by reporters at a reception for the Arizona-Taiwan trade office in Taipei, Taiwan, on Tuesday. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Gov. Katie Hobbs hosted a reception in Taipei, Taiwan, on Tuesday to celebrate the launch of Arizona's new Taiwan trade office. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • The office, which opened in March in Taipei and falls under the purview of the Arizona Commerce Authority, will work to increase Taiwanese business investment in the state. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Gov. Katie Hobbs poses with members of the American State Offices Association in Taiwan at a reception in Taipei, Taiwan, on Tuesday. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Find out about upcoming events through the Office of Admissions. (washington.edu)
  • With medical practices now limiting their in-office visits to help combat the spread of COVID-19, many parents are concerned about their kids' medical care. (hvparent.com)
  • Medical practices and professionals are helping fill the in-office gap for their patients with telemedicine , where they see some patients by way of digital conferencing and other remote technologies. (hvparent.com)
  • Another practice, Middletown Medical has been using telemedicine for about a month, said pediatrician, Stuart Tashman, who practices out of the group's Wurtsboro office. (hvparent.com)
  • The members of the National Preventive Group (NPG) conducted their regular unannounced visit to the Baku Pre-Trial Detention Facility on the instruction of the Commissioner for Human Rights (Ombudsman) of Azerbaijan Sabina Aliyeva, the Ombudsman's Office told News .az. (news.az)
  • For further reading, including links to four earlier EyeNet articles on the new E/M documentation guidelines, visit aao.org/em . (aao.org)
  • JLL Healthcare's new patient consumer survey results reveal that 62 percent of care visits were exclusively in person with no virtual care component. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • According to the office, during the visit, the NPG members had individual meetings with and listened to requests of the facility detainees, including the nationals of Armenia arrested due to the criminal acts committed in the liberated areas of Azerbaijan within the sabotage-terror groups after the trilateral statement of November 10, 2020 signed by Azerbaijani, Armenian and Russian leaders following the second Karabakh war. (news.az)
  • ED visit rates among children and adolescents aged 11-14 years did not differ by sex until the first half of the 2020-21 school year (2020, weeks 37-53), when ED visit rates among females surpassed those among males. (medscape.com)
  • The last session was held at the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean in Cairo with some WHO headquarters staff present at the meeting and others joining through a videoconference link for the relevant agenda items. (who.int)
  • The Foreign Secretary, David Miliband, stated that he was "appalled" by the memo, and the British government apologised to the Pope and the Catholic Church, stating that the memo writer had been told orally and in writing that this was a serious error of judgment, adding that "this is clearly a foolish document that does not in any way reflect UK government or Foreign Office policy or views. (wikipedia.org)
  • EMPIRE - Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson today announced the Secretary of State Mobile Office will visit the Empire Library on Wednesday, June 12. (michigan.gov)
  • Secretary for the Civil Service Patrick Nip takes the COVID-19 test during his visit to the Cheung Sha Wan Government Offices. (gov.hk)
  • Secretary for Financial Services & the Treasury Christopher Hui also takes the virus test at the offices. (gov.hk)
  • Secretary for the Civil Service Patrick Nip and Secretary for Financial Services & the Treasury Christopher Hui today visited the Cheung Sha Wan Government Offices. (gov.hk)
  • WASHINGTON - Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson on Friday made his first visit to the White House since taking municipal office last year, using the occasion to discuss economic development opportunities with officials in President Donald Trump's administration. (dallasnews.com)
  • Every member of the Visiting Angels family has made it their mission to put seniors first, prioritizing the safety, security, and personal well-being of each and every client in our care. (visitingangels.com)
  • If the surgery that was done is considered a 'major surgery' (if it has a 90 day global surgery followup period) then you can and should charge for the EM visit with a 57 modifier if the decision for the surgery was made/discussed at the time of the EM visit. (aapc.com)
  • We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. (filmmakermagazine.com)
  • All analysis is conducted at CBO's office near Capitol Hill, and scholars are subject to the agency's ethics and security requirements for the duration of their appointments. (cbo.gov)
  • For virtual appointments, once you have confirmed the appointment date and time with CAL office staff via email at [email protected], you will receive an email with a Zoom link to attend your appointment online. (sfu.ca)
  • For phone appointments, you will be asked to provide your preferred phone number to the front office staff at the time you confirm your appointment. (sfu.ca)
  • Unsurprisingly, primary care and urgent care visits were most likely to have had shorter travel times. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Civil servant who sent 'vile' email about the Pope's visit to UK is named and shamed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kelly Linhart is owner and director of Visiting Angels, a successful home care agency that has served families in communities throughout northern Indiana since 2006. (visitingangels.com)
  • Kelly originally opened her office in Wakarusa, Indiana in 2013 to provide a central service location for Elkhart, Kosciusko, and Marshall counties and the surrounding areas. (visitingangels.com)
  • Visit our Accessibility Information Page to find detailed information about our office and its accessibility considerations. (sfu.ca)
  • To find out all about Brest, its neighborhoods, history and architecture, complete your program with a guided tour from the Brest Métropole Tourist Office. (brest-metropole-tourisme.fr)
  • Inside the Tribal offices, you'll find many similarities to our US state capitol buildings. (amnestyusa.org)
  • Visiting scholars conduct policy-related research, use the agency's data and facilities, and collaborate daily with CBO's staff members to contribute to the agency's analysis. (cbo.gov)
  • Observational data obtained from 60 routine primary care office visits included the time that resident physicians and patients spoke and the number and types of interruptions. (nih.gov)
  • Your campus visit to Auburn will feel both familiar and exciting: like coming home again for the first time. (auburn.edu)
  • Before you get to campus for your visit, schedule time to meet with someone from your academic area. (auburn.edu)
  • The two-time Oscar winning director Bill Guttentag will visit Freie Universität Berlin on June 8 and 9. (fu-berlin.de)
  • If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. (medscape.com)
  • Visiting scholars have a unique opportunity to address complex budgetary and economic issues. (cbo.gov)
  • Updox's telehealth solutions, part of its all-in-one collaboration platform, include Secure Text and Video Chat, and give providers HIPAA-compliant channels to reach patients too ill to get to the office, homebound, quarantined, not mobile, or in rural environments. (prnewswire.com)
  • Residents averaged interrupting patients twice during a visit. (nih.gov)
  • Since the beginning of the shutdown of her office, Waldman has been using teledentistry as a tool for screening patients to assess their dental care. (hvparent.com)
  • Visits to outpatient departments showed a different payment source pattern: 37% of patients were covered by private insurance, 19% by Medicare, and 26% by Medicaid. (cdc.gov)
  • CBO's visiting scholars strengthen vital links between the agency and the broader community of public policy analysts. (cbo.gov)
  • Visiting scholars also have access to professional development opportunities and are well-placed to draw on the resources and expertise found in the broader public policy community. (cbo.gov)
  • The latest Drake visit, which will cost the public almost $4000, happened two days after the Turnbull government released a long-awaited review into parliamentary entitlements sparked by the 'choppergate' scandal that engulfed former speaker Bronwyn Bishop and sent Tony Abbott's prime ministership into a final nosedive. (smh.com.au)
  • The chopper charter will cost the public $3,836, according to Mr Joyce's office, once the invoice from Fleet Helicopters Armidale is processed by the Department of Finance. (smh.com.au)
  • Currently, 15 departments have set up offices at the building, providing public services such as health, district affairs enquiry, registration of persons and death and vehicle licensing services. (gov.hk)
  • Speaking to the delegates, the Chief of UNCCD office in New York Mr. Melchiade Bukuru presented the major highlights in the evolution of the convention, including the adoption of the global target 15.3 on Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) into the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. (unccd.int)
  • NSSP collects free-text reason for visit (chief complaint), discharge diagnosis, and patient demographic details. (medscape.com)
  • Given the funding constraints with respect to category 6 and the increased volume of investigation work within the Office, the Advisory Committee sought assurance that the Office is adequately resourced in the coming biennium to ensure key risk areas are covered under the audit plan. (who.int)
  • The Mobile Office offers all the services available at a regular office. (michigan.gov)
  • The Franchisor, Living Assistance Services Inc., does not control or manage the day to day business operations of any Visiting Angels franchised agency. (visitingangels.com)
  • In the course of the visit implemented with the participation of a doctor member of the NPG, the persons' detention conditions - condition, lighting and ventilation of cells, the issues related to personal hygiene, sanitary norms, medical services, and food were monitored on the spot. (news.az)
  • Shy Wolf commented on the post, saying, "it was such a pleasure to have you and your family visit our sanctuary. (nbc-2.com)
  • Our family loved the Old Post Office. (britainexpress.com)
  • Increased office visits related to many diagnoses were robust to days-of-care-matched analyses, family history, gender block, age block, and false discovery risk. (mdpi.com)
  • In the past three years, the number of state offices in Taiwan has grown from seven to 15, with four more in the works, according to the American State Offices Association in Taiwan. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Just hours before the reception for Arizona's trade office, Virginia announced the opening of a Taiwan trade office of its own. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • In the latest edition of "a famous person visits the Criterion Collection's offices," William Friedkin drops by to browse. (filmmakermagazine.com)
  • Whether you want to visit in person or take a virtual tour, we have three ways to show you around. (washington.edu)
  • Researchers found that people with better oral health - those having natural teeth and more frequent dental visits - had better chances of surviving head and neck cancers. (medicaldaily.com)
  • When there was talk about closing the dental offices, a member of a Facebook group for pediatric dentists that I am a member of mentioned that he had created a system that could be used online for remote consultations. (hvparent.com)
  • Millions of children visit the dentist every year in the United States, but for four-year-old Navaeh Hall, her visit left her with severe brain damage. (medicaldaily.com)
  • In the morning I see children who need well-visit care," he said. (hvparent.com)
  • The session was preceded by a half-day mission to the Egypt country office. (who.int)
  • The offices and the asatronomy library can be found on the first floor (take the spiral staircase up). (lu.se)
  • Here you can feel the Christmas spirit every day of the year and be served by the merry post office elves in several languages! (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • A very special memory from the Arctic Circle is a unique letter from Santa Claus, which you can order in our post office and it will be send for Christmas! (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • every year more than a half million items of letters, cards and parcels are delivered to Santa, and you can also take a look of some of them in the post office. (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • The Old Post Office is a traditional 14th-century house built for a yeoman farmer. (britainexpress.com)
  • The Post Office was begun around 1380 as a longhouse, under a thatched roof. (britainexpress.com)
  • the fore-runner of a village post office. (britainexpress.com)
  • She has taught in various school systems in the area for many years and then spent three years in a local business before opening the Visiting Angels office. (visitingangels.com)
  • Large increases in cannabis-involved ED visits throughout the COVID-19 pandemic compared with prepandemic surveillance periods in 2019 were identified among persons aged ≤10 years. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] however, cannabis-involved emergency department (ED) visits began increasing statistically significantly several years before the start of the pandemic among all age groups except ages 15-24 years. (medscape.com)
  • A year ago, Mr Joyce told ABC New England that he often visited the Lunatic by road. (smh.com.au)
  • We are very happy to welcome you to visit us every day of the year! (visitrovaniemi.fi)
  • During her visit, Dr Moeti also met with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Honourable Demeke Mekonnen, Minister of Peace, Honourable Muferiat Kamil, and Minister of Health, Honourable Dr Lia Tadesse. (who.int)
  • Dr Moeti travelled to Tigray with the United Nations Resident Coordinator (UNRC) and Humanitarian Coordinator, Dr Catherine Sozi, and visited a camp for internally displaced persons where she witnessed first-hand the health and humanitarian needs, and explored with the Interim Administration the adequate response to the humanitarian situation. (who.int)
  • Conservative House Leader Andrew Scheer focused his remarks on the overarching role and responsibility Trudeau's office should have had in vetting any guest lists and making related security assessments, and what message this dropping of the ball sends to the world, and to Zelenskyy, who is Jewish. (ctvnews.ca)
  • The memo suggested that Pope Benedict XVI, during his visit, could launch a range of branded condoms, visit an abortion clinic, bless a gay marriage and apologise for the Spanish Armada. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students cannot use the Visiting Student Program to repeat courses. (iup.edu)
  • Students cannot use the Visiting Student Program for internship or practica that are required for licensure or certification without the express written permission of their appropriate university officials at the home university and placement availability at the requested institution. (iup.edu)
  • A single price and a program of visits to suit your own taste! (brest-metropole-tourisme.fr)
  • Visiting Angels can customize care to meet all of your loved one's needs. (visitingangels.com)

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