Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Olfactory Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of olfactory stimuli, such as odors, are recognized and interpreted by the brain.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Olfactory Receptor Neurons: Neurons in the OLFACTORY EPITHELIUM with proteins (RECEPTORS, ODORANT) that bind, and thus detect, odorants. These neurons send their DENDRITES to the surface of the epithelium with the odorant receptors residing in the apical non-motile cilia. Their unmyelinated AXONS synapse in the OLFACTORY BULB of the BRAIN.Olfactory Bulb: Ovoid body resting on the CRIBRIFORM PLATE of the ethmoid bone where the OLFACTORY NERVE terminates. The olfactory bulb contains several types of nerve cells including the mitral cells, on whose DENDRITES the olfactory nerve synapses, forming the olfactory glomeruli. The accessory olfactory bulb, which receives the projection from the VOMERONASAL ORGAN via the vomeronasal nerve, is also included here.Chicken anemia virus: The type species of GYROVIRUS, a small, non-enveloped DNA virus originally isolated from contaminated vaccines in Japan. It causes chicken infectious anemia and may possibly play a key role in hemorrhagic anemia syndrome, anemia dermatitis, and blue wing disease.Receptors, Odorant: Proteins, usually projecting from the cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, that specifically bind odorant molecules and trigger responses in the neurons. The large number of different odorant receptors appears to arise from several gene families or subfamilies rather than from DNA rearrangement.Olfaction Disorders: Loss of or impaired ability to smell. This may be caused by OLFACTORY NERVE DISEASES; PARANASAL SINUS DISEASES; viral RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; SMOKING; and other conditions.Bursa of Fabricius: An epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals. It atrophies within 6 months after birth and remains as a fibrous remnant in adult birds. It is composed of lymphoid tissue and prior to involution, is the site of B-lymphocyte maturation.Arthropod Antennae: Paired sense organs connected to the anterior segments of ARTHROPODS that help them navigate through the environment.Avian Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of BIRDS.Hexanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Pentanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Marek Disease: A transmissible viral disease of birds caused by avian herpesvirus 2 (HERPESVIRUS 2, GALLID) and other MARDIVIRUS. There is lymphoid cell infiltration or lymphomatous tumor formation in the peripheral nerves and gonads, but may also involve visceral organs, skin, muscle, and the eye.Avian Leukosis: A group of transmissible viral diseases of chickens and turkeys. Liver tumors are found in most forms, but tumors can be found elsewhere.Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Sensory Thresholds: The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.Sense Organs: Specialized organs adapted for the reception of stimuli by the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Perfume: A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Olfactory Mucosa: That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Association Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Mushroom Bodies: Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.Scent Glands: Exocrine glands in animals which secrete scents which either repel or attract other animals, e.g. perianal glands of skunks, anal glands of weasels, musk glands of foxes, ventral glands of wood rats, and dorsal glands of peccaries.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Stimulation, Chemical: The increase in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.Avian leukosis virus: The type species of ALPHARETROVIRUS producing latent or manifest lymphoid leukosis in fowl.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Pheromones: Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Olfactory Nerve: The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Octanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.GizzardHabituation, Psychophysiologic: The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.DucksSexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Poultry Products: Food products manufactured from poultry.Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
  • They claim "noxious and offensive odors emanating from the facility 'physically invade' their 'homes, land, and property,' thereby diminishing their full use and enjoyment of the properties and decreasing the properties' value," court records show. (courthousenews.com)
  • Offensive odors, excessive noise or other nuisances would be illegal. (news-journalonline.com)
  • Its mild formula is gentle enough to be used near your pets, yet powerful enough to eradicate even the most offensive odors known to man. (catclaws.com)
  • Odors from fresh chicken feces in water elicited upwind flight of host-seeking female Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in a dual-choice olfactometer. (nih.gov)
  • Acidification of the slurry of chicken feces and water resulted in increased attraction, whereas alkaline slurries of chicken feces and water controls did not attract female mosquitoes. (nih.gov)
  • Eight volatile aldehydes [(E)-2-decenal, undecanal, dodecanal, tetradecanal, pentadecanal, hexadecanal, heptadecanal, and octadecanal] identified in the headspace of acidified chicken feces elicited electroantennogram responses from antennae of C. quinquefasciatus females. (nih.gov)
  • Chickens produce "quite a bit of feces," which can work well as a fertilizer source for gardens or compost piles, he said. (news-journalonline.com)
  • Chicken manure is the feces of chickens used as an organic fertilizer, especially for soil low in nitrogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the doors being closed, we could smell an odor of feces and decay. (kdvr.com)
  • Odors in the fragrant category included lavender, soap and cologne, while freshly cut grass and mushrooms gave off a woody/resinous smell. (dailypress.com)
  • The strong smell of the solution will avoid any bad odor. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • How Do You Tell Someone They Have a Body Odor / Odour / Smell Without Offending Them? (hubpages.com)
  • I love that it worked right away and there was no odor to mask the smell it just neutralized and eliminated the odor. (makobiscribe.com)
  • A few pumps of GoodBye Odor™ added daily to pet's water makes litter box odors a smell of the past! (petdepotonline.com)
  • Body odor isn't always about poor hygiene -- sometimes people have disorders or nutrient deficiencies that cause them to have an excessive, unpleasant smell. (livestrong.com)
  • It doesn't smell like roses, either, but it's free of that knock-you-off-your-feet stench that I've encountered in other chicken operations. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • This highly effective deodorizer removes foul odors instead of simply covering up the smell. (catclaws.com)
  • I'd say it's all in my head (I've been having really strange olfactory hallucinations lately), except my husband can also smell these two odors, just not as strongly as I. (guinealynx.info)
  • As eggs are likely to smell of a mixture of the odor of the incubating parents, the nest environment and possibly the developing embryo, we expected blue petrels to also discriminate the odor of their egg from the odor of a conspecific egg. (biologists.org)
  • As time went by, everything seemed to smell like roast chicken, an odor that persisted no matter what was cooking. (chicagotribune.com)
  • For lack of a better term, a chicken farm smell," Minook told the Los Angeles Times . (kdvr.com)
  • In fact, the study found, this 'old person smell' is distinctive enough that young adults can more often than not identify an old person by body odor alone. (cnn.com)
  • Lundström, a senior neuroscientist at the Monell Chemical Senses Center, a nonprofit research institute in Philadelphia, began wondering about the effects of age on body odor when he noticed that the so-called old person smell seems to be consistent across cultures. (cnn.com)
  • I LOVED the smell and odor eliminating"magic" of this one and don't get how you could just do away with something your customers obviously love! (candlescience.com)
  • 2016). Chicken meat is considered to be the healthiest animal-derived food because it is rich in protein and low in fat and cholesterol. (deepdyve.com)
  • As long as they are keeping hens, and they keep them quiet and sanitized so you don't have an odor issue, there can be a good fit for poultry in an urban landscape," Warren said. (news-journalonline.com)
  • Mosquitoes don't like the taste of chicken blood, so poultry rarely gets bitten. (voanews.com)
  • Ignell would like to see whether the chicken odor, contained in some sort of wax that can be burned like a candle, also repels mosquitoes outside the home once they get a whiff of poultry. (voanews.com)
  • Whole chicken (or any poultry) should reach 180 °F in the thigh or 170 °F in the breast. (drgourmet.com)
  • A feline poultry lover's dream, the formula provides plenty of protein to fuel all those adventures, made with all-natural chicken as the first ingredient and rounded off with wholesome butternut squash. (chewy.com)
  • Hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are breakdown products of proteins, and most of us would recognize the distinctive odor of hydrogen sulfide, a poisonous gas at higher concentrations, as one of the primary aromas of cooked corn, boiled milk, baked bread and hard-cooked eggs. (washingtonpost.com)
  • however, he wants to make sure it has proper vetting beforehand to address things like how to get rid of chickens when they are no longer laying eggs or how to best contain chickens so they don't overrun neighborhoods. (pennlive.com)
  • But backyard chickeners say, with responsible ownership, chickens don t bother anyone, and a surplus of roosters is a small price to pay for the benefits chickens provide from fresh eggs to insect control. (columbiatribune.com)
  • By understanding and manipulating the microbial processes occurring during this process, it may be possible to modify the odors produced. (readabstracts.com)
  • 2001). These groups are classified by odor intensity determined by the concentration of odorous compounds and the odor activity value (OAV), which represents the odor nuisance for each person (Trabue et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • You must maintain your chicken facility in a condition that does not produce noise or odor that creates a nuisance for other properties. (cityofsalem.net)
  • Are facilities or proposed facilities designed and located to prevent a nuisance (noise, fly, odor) for your family or neighbors? (afn.org)
  • This is the first reported example of avian fecal odor eliciting upwind flight of female mosquitoes. (nih.gov)
  • In accordance with Jewish religious laws, these chickens are washed in a saltwater bath to remove impurities and blood, imparting a slightly salty taste to the meat. (marthastewart.com)
  • 4. When cooking chicken, make sure it is cooked to 180 degrees and that no pink meat remains. (marthastewart.com)
  • Chicken is a popular and versatile meat that lends itself to many flavors, is relatively inexpensive, and can have a variety of health benefits. (wikihow.com)
  • Whether you bake, grill, or sauté the chicken, make sure to use a meat thermometer to make sure that it reaches the appropriate temperature before you eat it. (wikihow.com)
  • One of the most popular and versatile chicken parts available, white meat chicken breasts are available fresh or frozen in a variety of cuts. (bigoven.com)
  • Cutlets are boneless chicken breasts that have been pounded to produce a tender piece of meat with uniform thickness. (bigoven.com)
  • High animal-protein, grain-free, boosted nutrition with bites of freeze-dried raw meat, instinct raw boost grain-free recipe with real chicken for indoor health is a better way to feed kibble. (petcarerx.com)
  • Sujiwo, Joko;Kim, Dongwook;Jang, Aera 2018-07-11 00:00:00 Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation among the quality and freshness traits of chicken breast meat during storage for 12 d at 4°C. In addition, correlations between freshness traits and torrymeter values were examined. (deepdyve.com)
  • The pH, total microorganism counts, and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) value of chicken breast significantly increased following storage, whereas the torrymeter value and overall acceptability of chicken breast meat significantly decreased from 12.80 to 4.53 and from 6.14 to 1.86, respectively. (deepdyve.com)
  • These results suggest that the tested traits highly correlate with torrymeter value and it can be used as an indicator of freshness of chicken meat. (deepdyve.com)
  • 2012) reported that the plain taste of chicken meat is acceptable in many different countries and cultures, and it is used in prepared meals as a cheap source of protein. (deepdyve.com)
  • However, chicken meat also presents certain disadvantages, such as a short shelf life because of its high content of unsaturated fatty acids that are susceptible to the oxidation process (Marcinkowska-Lesiak et al. (deepdyve.com)
  • 2012) may contribute to the short shelf life of chicken meat. (deepdyve.com)
  • The freshness of chicken meat is important because it determines the consumer decision to purchase the meat. (deepdyve.com)
  • During storage, the freshness of chicken meat decreases and a deterioration in quality may occur. (deepdyve.com)
  • Deterioration of meat quality results in spoilage, making products undesirable for human consumption owing to organoleptic changes, including the appearance of slime, discoloration, or the development of off-odors. (deepdyve.com)
  • That hasn't stopped Shover from trying to keep chickens in his backyard, though --he has two right now -- and when he's caught, he gives the chickens away to farmers. (pennlive.com)
  • Residents in cities, suburbs and other non-rural areas want the ability to keep chickens in their backyards. (pennlive.com)
  • Cats love chicken, so treat them to Nature's Recipe Grain-Free Chicken Recipe in Broth cat food, a meal that's got everything they love and nothing they don't. (chewy.com)
  • PENSACOLA, Fla. (CN) - A chemical company with a history of being accused of failing to control its emissions was unsuccessful in its attempt to shut down a noxious-odors class action brought by its neighbors. (courthousenews.com)
  • Taminco US Inc., a subsidiary of global firm Eastman Chemical Company, has a chemical plant in Pace, Fla., where three of its neighbors claim the company is emitting pernicious odors. (courthousenews.com)
  • Their neighbors had a flock of chickens, and the girls wanted some, too. (pennlive.com)
  • Scientists have known for years that a broad range of animal species-including mice, deer, otters, rabbits, and monkeys-undergo body-odor changes in adulthood, which may help the animals select suitable mating partners. (cnn.com)
  • My cat really likes Purina One cat food with real chicken--she actually prefers teh variety made with salmon, but a little variety in her diet is good for her. (petcarerx.com)
  • Freeze-dried raw - all natural, protein packed, minimally processed bites of real chicken. (petcarerx.com)
  • With 95% real chicken, this formula is a real pleaser for dogs who enjoy this protein source. (muttsandco.com)
  • In the meantime, scientists need to investigate whether the 10 categories can describe more odors, said Leslie Kay, a neuroscientist at the University of Chicago who wasn't involved in the study. (dailypress.com)
  • However, if you have a vaginal discharge that is yellowish or greenish in color, or if it has a strong odor, it may be the sign of an infection. (answers.com)
  • Offer different foods, preferably ones with a strong odor, or give him chicken, sardines, tuna or room-temperature chicken soup. (petfinder.com)
  • Before you let the Brussels-sprouts-hate flow, consider this: they can develop a strong sulfur odor and taste if they are overcooked . (ehow.com)
  • If any additional steps or ingredients are added, and you still call it southern fried chicken, someone may drop a, "Well, bless your heart" on you. (blogspot.com)
  • To come up with the 10 scents, neuroscientists turned to a 30-year-old database that contained profiles of 144 odors. (dailypress.com)
  • The Iowa infection is one of the largest to hit midwestern states where the virus has cost turkey and chicken producers millions of birds since early March. (thehour.com)
  • More studies examining egg odor recognition in birds may shed additional light on the potential role of olfaction in regulating parental care in birds, and indicate how widespread this ability is across the phylum. (biologists.org)
  • Nearly 2,000 live chickens, parakeets and other birds, including some exotic species, were rescued from the warehouse, as were dozens of fish, according to the Inland Humane Society. (kdvr.com)
  • Hundreds of birds, chickens and other exotic animals were removed from a commercial building in Montclair on Aug. 4, 2017. (kdvr.com)
  • The rescued exotic birds were being taken to the Humane Society and SCPA, which will also care for and house the chicks and chickens with the assistance of the staff at the Boys Republic in Chino, according to the post. (kdvr.com)
  • Not being from the south, I had no idea that this recipe I've been calling southern fried chicken for a long time, was not really southern fried chicken. (blogspot.com)
  • It w as southern, and it was fried, but the addition of the buttermilk marinade apparently disqualified it from being a true southern fried chicken recipe. (blogspot.com)
  • The Indoor Chicken recipe is specially formulated to maintain your cat's ideal weight, and the Salmon and Potato meal is filled with omegas for skin and coat health. (chewy.com)
  • Tonight, my ladies will be dining on the **Roasted Chicken Recipe, **and it has pasta, carrots and spinach in it! (viewpoints.com)
  • In fact, the Korea Institute of Animal Products Quality Evaluation uses torrymeters to evaluate the freshness of chicken carcasses at slaughterhouses for reference data. (deepdyve.com)
  • Not only does our Stainless Steel Odor Remover fit comfortably in the palm of your hand, it's dishwasher safe for simple cleaning! (lifesabundance.com)
  • Each odor in the database fell into only one category, but it's possible that other odors - such as kettle corn or coffee -- might belong to multiple categories, Castro noted. (dailypress.com)
  • A study was conducted to determine the influence on broiler chicken growth and laying hen performance of chemical and physical traits of corn kernels from different hybrids. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The broiler chicken diets were also marginally deficient in Ca and nonphytate P. Within a phase, corn- and soybean-based diets containing equal amounts of 1 of 6 different corn hybrids were formulated. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Does not contain ground corn or chicken by-products. (petstore.com)
  • Serve with corn bread, fried chicken and collard greens for a complete soul food meal. (livestrong.com)
  • Make juicy corn on the cob in the oven to go with your chicken wings for a classic summer meal. (ehow.com)
  • You may not have a specific vitamin deficiency that causes your body odor, but dietary intervention could help clean up your scent. (livestrong.com)
  • OK, there's a little bending over to pick up the feeder and waterer, but not anything like hunching over a cut-off rake in a 4-foot tall enclosure scraping chicken poop into a cut-off shovel. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Store fresh chicken in the coldest part of the refrigerator for up to two days. (bigoven.com)