A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
A class of Echinodermata characterized by long, slender bodies.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
A genus of marine planktonic CYANOBACTERIA in the order PROCHLOROPHYTES. They lack PHYCOBILISOMES and contain divinyl CHLOROPHYLL, a and b.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Organisms that live in water.
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
An inland sea between Europe and Asia. It is connected with the Aegean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The common name for the phylum of microscopic unicellular STRAMENOPILES. Most are aquatic, being found in fresh, brackish, and salt water. Diatoms are noted for the symmetry and sculpturing of their siliceous cell walls. They account for 40% of PHYTOPLANKTON, but not all diatoms are planktonic.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Hot springs on the ocean floor. They are commonly found near volcanically active places such as mid-oceanic ridges.
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.
Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, the islands of Great Comoro, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli, lying between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947. Except for Mayotte which remained French, Comoros became an independent republic in 1975. Comoros represents the Arabic qamar, moon, said by some scholars to be linked with the mystical Mountains of the Moon said to be somewhere in equatorial Africa. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p283 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p122)
The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.
A phylum of the most familiar marine invertebrates. Its class Stelleroidea contains two subclasses, the Asteroidea (the STARFISH or sea stars) and the Ophiuroidea (the brittle stars, also called basket stars and serpent stars). There are 1500 described species of STARFISH found throughout the world. The second class, Echinoidea, contains about 950 species of SEA URCHINS, heart urchins, and sand dollars. A third class, Holothuroidea, comprises about 900 echinoderms known as SEA CUCUMBERS. Echinoderms are used extensively in biological research. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp773-826)
Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Creation and development of bodies within solar systems, includes study of early planetary geology.
A group (or phylum) of unicellular EUKARYOTA (or algae) possessing CHLOROPLASTS and FLAGELLA.
Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
A species of SEA URCHINS in the family Strongylocentrotidae found on the Pacific coastline from Alaska to Mexico. This species serves as a major research model for molecular developmental biology and other fields.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A British colony in the western North Atlantic Ocean about 640 miles east southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. It comprises a group of about 300 islands of which only about 20 are inhabited. It is called also the Bermuda Islands or the Bermudas. It was named for the Spanish explorer Juan Bermudez who visited the islands in 1515. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p140 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p61)
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.
A group of the proteobacteria comprised of facultatively anaerobic and fermentative gram-negative bacteria.
Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.
A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.
Common name for various species of large, vigorous ocean fishes in the family Scombridae.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.
A kingdom in the domain ARCHAEA comprised of thermoacidophilic, sulfur-dependent organisms. The two orders are SULFOLOBALES and THERMOPROTEALES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The species Megaptera novaeangliae, in the family Balaenopteridae, characterized by its huge flippers and the arching of their back when diving. They are also known for their breaching and singing.
The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
Animals that have no spinal column.
A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.
The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.
Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.
Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
A phylum of radially symmetrical invertebrates characterized by possession of stinging cells called nematocysts. It includes the classes ANTHOZOA; CUBOZOA; HYDROZOA, and SCYPHOZOA. Members carry CNIDARIAN VENOMS.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
A form-genus of spherical to rod-shaped CYANOBACTERIA in the order Chroococcales. They contain THYLAKOIDS and are found in a wide range of habitats.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Venoms from jellyfish; CORALS; SEA ANEMONES; etc. They contain hemo-, cardio-, dermo- , and neuro-toxic substances and probably ENZYMES. They include palytoxin, sarcophine, and anthopleurine.
The species Physeter catodon (also called Physeter macrocephalus), in the family Physeteridae. The common name is derived from the milky wax substance in its head (spermaceti). The species also produces an intestinal secretion AMBERGRIS, which was previously used in perfumes. The sperm whale is the largest toothed MAMMAL in the world.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
A group of elongate elasmobranchs. Sharks are mostly marine fish, with certain species large and voracious.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.
A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Strongylocentrotidae. They possess more than three pore pairs per ambulacral plate. The species STRONGYLOCENTROTUS PURPURATUS is commonly used for research.
The suborder of aquatic CARNIVORA comprising the WALRUSES; FUR SEALS; SEA LIONS; and EARLESS SEALS. They have fusiform bodies with very short tails and are found on all sea coasts. The offspring are born on land.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A phylum of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria comprised of unicellular to multicellular bacteria possessing CHLOROPHYLL a and carrying out oxygenic PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Cyanobacteria are the only known organisms capable of fixing both CARBON DIOXIDE (in the presence of light) and NITROGEN. Cell morphology can include nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and/or resting cells called akinetes. Formerly called blue-green algae, cyanobacteria were traditionally treated as ALGAE.
Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.
Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.
Thorium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol Th, atomic number 90, and atomic weight 232.04. It is used as fuel in nuclear reactors to produce fissionable uranium isotopes. Because of its radioopacity, various thorium compounds are used to facilitate visualization in roentgenography.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A process facilitated by specialized bacteria involving the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite and nitrate.
The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A genus of primitive fish in the family Petromyzontidae. The sole species is Petromyzon marinus, known as the sea lamprey. The adult form feeds parasitically on other fish species.
Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.
Activities performed by humans.
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
Chemical groups containing the covalent sulfur bonds -S-. The sulfur atom can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.
Toxic or poisonous substances elaborated by marine flora or fauna. They include also specific, characterized poisons or toxins for which there is no more specific heading, like those from poisonous FISHES.
Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A large supergroup of mostly amoeboid EUKARYOTES whose three main subgroups are CERCOZOA; FORAMINIFERA; and HAPLOSPORIDA. Nearly all of the species possess MITOCHONDRIA and historically many were considered ANIMALS.
The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
An order of fish including the families Gadidae (cods), Macrouridae (grenadiers), and hakes. The large Gadidae family includes cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Toxopneustidae possessing trigeminate ambulacral plating.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
Ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of ecological data that is used to assess changes in the components, processes, and overall condition and functioning of an ECOSYSTEM.
A family in the order Rhodobacterales, class ALPHAPROTEOBACTERIA.
A genus of obligately aerobic marine phototrophic and chemoorganotrophic bacteria, in the family RHODOBACTERACEAE.
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/estuaries/estuaries01_whatis.html)
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
A subclass of cartilaginous fish comprising the SHARKS; rays; skates (SKATES (FISH);), and sawfish. Elasmobranchs are typically predaceous, relying more on smell (the olfactory capsules are relatively large) than sight (the eyes are relatively small) for obtaining their food.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
The species Orcinus orca, in the family Delphinidae, characterized by its black and white coloration, and huge triangular dorsal fin. It is the largest member of the DOLPHINS and derives its name from the fact that it is a fearsome predator.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains triterpene saponins. The root of Anemone raddeana is the source of a Chinese folk medicine, zhu jie xian fu. The common name of liverwort is also used with other plants. This genus is unrelated to SEA ANEMONES.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)

Channeling of carbamoyl phosphate to the pyrimidine and arginine biosynthetic pathways in the deep sea hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi. (1/1633)

The kinetics of the coupled reactions between carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (CPSase) and both aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATCase) and ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTCase) from the deep sea hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi demonstrate the existence of carbamoyl phosphate channeling in both the pyrimidine and arginine biosynthetic pathways. Isotopic dilution experiments and coupled reaction kinetics analyzed within the context of the formalism proposed by Ovadi et al. (Ovadi, J., Tompa, P., Vertessy, B., Orosz, F., Keleti, T., and Welch, G. R. (1989) Biochem. J. 257, 187-190) are consistent with a partial channeling of the intermediate at 37 degrees C, but channeling efficiency increases dramatically at elevated temperatures. There is no preferential partitioning of carbamoyl phosphate between the arginine and pyrimidine biosynthetic pathways. Gel filtration chromatography at high and low temperature and in the presence and absence of substrates did not reveal stable complexes between P. abyssi CPSase and either ATCase or OTCase. Thus, channeling must occur during the dynamic association of coupled enzymes pairs. The interaction of CPSase-ATCase was further demonstrated by the unexpectedly weak inhibition of the coupled reaction by the bisubstrate analog, N-(phosphonacetyl)-L-aspartate (PALA). The anomalous effect of PALA suggests that, in the coupled reaction, the effective concentration of carbamoyl phosphate in the vicinity of the ATCase active site is 96-fold higher than the concentration in the bulk phase. Channeling probably plays an essential role in protecting this very unstable intermediate of metabolic pathways performing at extreme temperatures.  (+info)

Sex-biased dispersal in sperm whales: contrasting mitochondrial and nuclear genetic structure of global populations. (2/1633)

The social organization of most mammals is characterized by female philopatry and male dispersal. Such sex-biased dispersal can cause the genetic structure of populations to differ between the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the bi-parental nuclear genome. Here we report on the global genetic structure of oceanic populations of the sperm whale, one of the most widely distributed mammalian species. Groups of females and juveniles are mainly found at low latitudes, while males reach polar waters, returning to tropical and subtropical waters to breed. In comparisons between oceans, we did not find significant heterogeneity in allele frequencies of microsatellite loci (exact test; p = 0.23). Estimates of GST = 0.001 and RST = 0.005 also indicated negligible if any nuclear DNA differentiation. We have previously reported significant differentiation between oceans in mtDNA sequences. These contrasting patterns suggest that interoceanic movements have been more prevalent among males than among females, consistent with observations of females being the philopatric sex and having a more limited latitudinal distribution than males. Consequently, the typical mammalian dispersal pattern may have operated on a global scale in sperm whales.  (+info)

RecD function is required for high-pressure growth of a deep-sea bacterium. (3/1633)

A genomic library derived from the deep-sea bacterium Photobacterium profundum SS9 was conjugally delivered into a previously isolated pressure-sensitive SS9 mutant, designated EC1002 (E. Chi and D. H. Bartlett, J. Bacteriol. 175:7533-7540, 1993), and exconjugants were screened for the ability to grow at 280-atm hydrostatic pressure. Several clones were identified that had restored high-pressure growth. The complementing DNA was localized and in all cases found to possess strong homology to recD, a DNA recombination and repair gene. EC1002 was found to be deficient in plasmid stability, a phenotype also seen in Escherichia coli recD mutants. The defect in EC1002 was localized to a point mutation that created a stop codon within the recD gene. Two additional recD mutants were constructed by gene disruption and were both found to possess a pressure-sensitive growth phenotype, although the magnitude of the defect depended on the extent of 3' truncation of the recD coding sequence. Surprisingly, the introduction of the SS9 recD gene into an E. coli recD mutant had two dramatic effects. At high pressure, SS9 recD enabled growth in the E. coli mutant strain under conditions of plasmid antibiotic resistance selection and prevented cell filamentation. Both of these effects were recessive to wild-type E. coli recD. These results suggest that the SS9 recD gene plays an essential role in SS9 growth at high pressure and that it may be possible to identify additional aspects of RecD function through the characterization of this activity.  (+info)

Bacillus marismortui sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic species from the Dead Sea. (4/1633)

A group of 91 moderately halophilic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped strains were isolated from enrichments prepared from Dead Sea water samples collected 57 years ago. These strains were examined for 117 morphological, physiological, biochemical, nutritional and antibiotic susceptibility characteristics. All strains formed endospores and were motile, strictly aerobic and positive for catalase and oxidase. They grew in media containing 5-25% (w/v) total salts, showing optimal growth at 10% (w/v). Eighteen strains were chosen as representative isolates and were studied in more detail. All these strains had mesodiaminopimelic acid in the cell wall and a DNA G + C content of 39.0-42.8 mol%; they constitute a group with levels of DNA-DNA similarity of 70-100%. The sequences of the 16S rRNA genes of three representative strains (strains 123T, 557 and 832) were almost identical (99.9%), and placed the strains in the low G + C content Gram-positive bacteria. On the basis of their features, these isolates should be regarded as members of a new species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus marismortui sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain 123T (= DSM 12325T = ATCC 700626T = CIP 105609T = CECT 5066T).  (+info)

Climate and satellite indicators to forecast Rift Valley fever epidemics in Kenya. (5/1633)

All known Rift Valley fever virus outbreaks in East Africa from 1950 to May 1998, and probably earlier, followed periods of abnormally high rainfall. Analysis of this record and Pacific and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies, coupled with satellite normalized difference vegetation index data, shows that prediction of Rift Valley fever outbreaks may be made up to 5 months in advance of outbreaks in East Africa. Concurrent near-real-time monitoring with satellite normalized difference vegetation data may identify actual affected areas.  (+info)

The diving physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). I. Balancing the demands of exercise for energy conservation at depth. (6/1633)

During diving, marine mammals must rely on the efficient utilization of a limited oxygen reserve sequestered in the lungs, blood and muscles. To determine the effects of exercise and apnea on the use of these reserves, we examined the physiological responses of adult bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) trained to breath-hold on the water surface or to dive to submerged targets at depths between 60 and 210 m. Changes in blood lactate levels, in partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide and in heart rate were assessed while the dolphins performed sedentary breath-holds. The effects of exercise on breath-hold capacity were examined by measuring heart rate and post-dive respiration rate and blood lactate concentration for dolphins diving in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Ascent and descent rates, stroke frequency and swimming patterns were monitored during the dives. The results showed that lactate concentration was 1.1+/-0.1 mmol l(-1) at rest and increased non-linearly with the duration of the sedentary breath-hold or dive. Lactate concentration was consistently higher for the diving animals at all comparable periods of apnea. Breakpoints in plots of lactate concentration and blood gas levels against breath-hold duration (P(O2), P(CO2)) for sedentary breath-holding dolphins occurred between 200 and 240 s. In comparison, the calculated aerobic dive limit for adult dolphins was 268 s. Descent and ascent rates ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 m s(-1) during 210 m dives and were often outside the predicted range for swimming at low energetic cost. Rather than constant propulsion, diving dolphins used interrupted modes of swimming, with more than 75 % of the final ascent spent gliding. Physiological and behavioral measurements from this study indicate that superimposing swimming exercise on apnea was energetically costly for the diving dolphin but was circumvented in part by modifying the mode of swimming.  (+info)

Bacterial swimming strategies and turbulence. (7/1633)

Most bacteria in the ocean can be motile. Chemotaxis allows bacteria to detect nutrient gradients, and hence motility is believed to serve as a method of approaching sources of food. This picture is well established in a stagnant environment. In the ocean a shear microenvironment is associated with turbulence. This shear flow prevents clustering of bacteria around local nutrient sources if they swim in the commonly assumed "run-and-tumble" strategy. Recent observations, however, indicate a "back-and-forth" swimming behavior for marine bacteria. In a theoretical study we compare the two bacterial swimming strategies in a realistic ocean environment. The "back-and-forth" strategy is found to enable the bacteria to stay close to a nutrient source even under high shear. Furthermore, rotational diffusion driven by thermal noise can significantly enhance the efficiency of this strategy. The superiority of the "back-and-forth" strategy suggests that bacterial motility has a control function rather than an approach function under turbulent conditions.  (+info)

Are there mechanical limits to size in wave-swept organisms? (8/1633)

Hydrodynamic forces imposed by ocean waves are thought to limit the size of nearshore plants and animals, but it has proved difficult to determine the mechanism. Explanations based on the scaling mismatch between hydrodynamic accelerational forces and the strength of organisms do not work. Mechanisms that incorporate the allometry of drag and strength accurately predict the maximal size of intertidal algae but not of animals, and internally imposed inertial forces may explain the limits to size in large kelps. The general question of size in wave-swept organisms remains open and intriguing.  (+info)

Bacteria and archaea dominate the biomass of benthic deep-sea ecosystems at all latitudes, playing a crucial role in global biogeochemical cycles, but their macroscale patterns and macroecological drivers are still largely unknown. We show the results of the most extensive field study conducted so far to investigate patterns and drivers of the distribution and structure of benthic prokaryote assemblages from 228 samples collected at latitudes comprising 34°N to 79°N, and from ca. 400- to 5570-m depth. We provide evidence that, in deep-sea ecosystems, benthic bacterial and archaeal abundances significantly increase from middle to high latitudes, with patterns more pronounced for archaea, and particularly for Marine Group I Thaumarchaeota. Our results also reveal that different microbial components show varying sensitivities to changes in temperature conditions and food supply. We conclude that climate change will primarily affect deep-sea benthic archaea, with important consequences on global ...
This Global Marine Insurance market report is a robust study of the Marine Insurance industry that has done a fact based analysis covering multiple dimensions of the Marine Insurance market that help players across the Marine Insurance market to holistically analyze the current state of the global Marine Insurance market and plan ahead of competition. It provides break out of the Marine Insurance market dominating countries in each region for a more granular view.The report provides consumer intelligence by sourcing and interpreting information about target market and customers.. In-depth market analysis is carried out to reveal the factors that are influencing the price movement in the global Marine Insurance market. The detailed analysis provides good knowledge about the Marine Insurance market to the market participants.This research report focuses on the strategic priorities, technological transformations, and global market presence of the leading organizations. The report studies the ...
Krause, Evamaria; Wichels, Antje; Erler, Rene; Gerdts, Gunnar (2013): Study on the effects of near-future ocean acidification on marine yeasts: a microcosm approach. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.832468, Supplement to: Krause, E et al. (2013): Study on the effects of near-future ocean acidification on marine yeasts: a microcosm approach. Helgoland Marine Research, 67(4), 607-621, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-013-0348-1
a) For people belonged to this factor, coral species are relatively unimportant. The Noahs Ark Fans group, in which can be noted a strong emphasis in saving those species typical of Mediterranean deep- sea ecosystems - especially those relevant for the fishing industry - expressed the viewpoints of all non-biologists - independently from conditions of instruction - and of the marine biologists when they were asked to think as if they were a fishermen. (b) This Ecosystem Functions Supporter factor underlines the importance of saving both species and habitats. In particular, priority is given to the preservation of those habitats that host peculiar communities. (c) The Deep Coral Lovers factor was retained since it provide a separate expert viewpoint that associates great interest to habitats with coral reefs and sponge fields. The opinions of non-experts and of those having a more scientific understanding of the deep-sea ecosystems considerably differ, and more than two perspectives emerged - ...
The goal of the Arabian Sea section of the TARA oceans expedition was to study large particulate matter (LPM , 100 μm) distributions and possible impact of associated midwater biological processes on vertical carbon export through the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) of this region. We propose that observed spatial patterns in LPM distribution resulted from the timing and location of surface phytoplankton bloom, lateral transport, microbial processes in the core of the OMZ, and enhanced biological processes mediated by bacteria and zooplankton at the lower oxycline. Indeed, satellite-derived net primary production maps showed that the northern stations of the transect were under the influence of a previous major bloom event while the most southern stations were in a more oligotrophic situation. Lagrangian simulations of particle transport showed that deep particles of the northern stations could originate from the surface bloom while the southern stations could be considered as driven by 1-D vertical ...
Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia). Request For Customization: https://www.reporthive.com/request_customization/2334802. Report Highlights. • Comprehensive pricing analysis on the basis of product, application, and regional segments. • The detailed assessment of the vendor landscape and leading companies to help understand the level of competition in the global Marine Fire Damper market. • Deep insights about regulatory and investment scenarios of the global Marine Fire Damper market. • Analysis of market effect factors and their impact on the forecast and outlook of the global Marine Fire Damper market. • A roadmap of growth opportunities available in the global Marine Fire Damper market with the identification of key factors. • The exhaustive analysis of various trends of the global Marine Fire Damper market to help identify market developments. Table of Contents. Report Overview: It includes six chapters, ...
This study examines the potential effects of ocean acidification on countries and fisheries of the Mediterranean Sea. The implications for seafood security and supply are evaluated by examining the sensitivity of the Mediterranean to ocean acidification at chemical, biological, and macro-economic levels. The limited information available on impacts of ocean acidification on harvested (industrial, recreational, and artisanal fishing) and cultured species (aquaculture) prevents any biological impact assessment. However, it appears that non-developed nations around the Mediterranean, particularly those for which fisheries are increasing, yet rely heavily on artisanal fleets, are most greatly exposed to socioeconomic consequences from ocean acidification.
For the Full Report in PDF Form, please click here. [Illustrations, footnotes and references available in PDF version] Comments related to EPAs April 15, 2009 Notice of Data Availability (NODA) on Ocean Acidification and Marine pH Water Quality Criteria. Submitted by Craig Idso and Robert Ferguson ...
Some regions of the deep ocean floor support abundant populations of organisms, despite being overlain by water that contains very little oxygen, according to an international study led by scientists at the United Kingdoms National Oceanography Center, Southampton. But global warming is likely to exacerbate oxygen depletion and thereby reduce biodiversity in these regions, they warn.. The sunlit surface waters tend to be well oxygenated as a result of their connection with the atmosphere. Here, tiny marine algae called phytoplankton thrive. When they die and sink, they are degraded by bacteria, using oxygen from the water column.. In regions of high plant growth, this can result in the natural development of mid-water oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), especially where oxygen is not replenished by mixing of the water column. Where they touch the continental slope, OMZs create strong seafloor oxygen gradients at depths between 100 and 1000 m.. In addition to low oxygen, sediments within OMZs often ...
Multidisciplinary ocean observing activities provide critical ocean information to satisfy ever-changing socioeconomic needs and require coordinated implementation. The upper oxycline (transition between high and low oxygen waters) is fundamentally important for the ecosystem structure and can be a useful proxy for multiple observing objectives connected to eastern boundary systems (EBSs) that neighbor oxygen minimum zones (OMZs). The variability of the oxycline and its impact on the ecosystem (VOICE) initiative demonstrates how societal benefits drive the need for integration and optimization of biological, biogeochemical, and physical components of regional ocean observing related to EBS. In liaison with the Global Ocean Oxygen Network, VOICE creates a roadmap toward observation-model syntheses for a comprehensive understanding of selected oxycline-dependent objectives. Local to global effects, such as habitat compression or deoxygenation trends, prompt for comprehensive observing of the oxycline on
Management strategies use information provided by research and tools that can be used to make sound decisions to effectively conserve marine resources. Baseline research about organism and community sensitivity to ocean acidification is incorporated into these strategies, in an effort to sustain these resources for the future. Before management plans can be created it is necessary to have baseline research about the effects of ocean acidification on marine resources, such as Pacific oysters, Dungeness crabs and rockfish. The OAP funds NOAA Fisheries Science Centers to expose various life stages of valuable species to present and future acidification conditions. The biological response research is then incorporated into models that can be used to create tools for managers to use so that they can test different scenarios on species populations and habitats. Modeling efforts led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are now being used to produce one of these tools for Atlantic sea scallop ...
Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZ) are the places in the world ocean where oxygen saturation in the water column is at its lowest. This zone typically occurs at depths of about 200 to 1,000 meters. The AOG lab is interested in OMZs because of their importance in controlling carbon and nitrogen cycling in the oceans. OMZ water is exposed to the rain of sinking organic matter, which we evaluate using our drifting net traps and in situ incubators. Bacteria and archea feed on this organic matter and oxygen is used. Thus, the concentration of oxygen in deep water is dependent on the amount of oxygen it had when it was at the surface minus depletion by deep sea organisms.. In many OMZ regions oxygen actually reaches zero, in which case the OMZ can be called an ODZ (oxygen deficient zone). ODZs provide appropriate conditions to enable substantial nitrogen loss because in the absence of oxygen, nitrate represents the next best electron acceptor available for respiration. Starting with organic nitrogen ...
Temperatures throughout the Jurassic and Cretaceous are generally thought to have been relatively warm, and consequently dissolved oxygen levels in the ocean were lower than today - making anoxia easier to achieve. However, more specific conditions are required to explain the short-period (less than a million years) oceanic anoxic events. Two hypotheses, and variations upon them, have proved most durable.. One hypothesis suggests that the anomalous accumulation of organic matter relates to its enhanced preservation under restricted and poorly oxygenated conditions, which themselves were a function of the particular geometry of the ocean basin: such a hypothesis, although readily applicable to the young and relatively narrow Cretaceous Atlantic (which could be likened to a large-scale Black Sea, only poorly connected to the World Ocean), fails to explain the occurrence of coeval black shales on open-ocean Pacific plateaus and shelf seas around the world. There are suggestions, again from the ...
SPPI Note: More in-depth papers on this issue can be found at the SPPI website:. C02 Sciences Ocean Acidification Database. Quantifying the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Organisms. Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Ecosystems. Answers to a Fishermans Testimony about Ocean Acidification. EPAs Role in Protecting Ocean Health Should Focus on the Here-and-Now Threats. See also CO2 Science website for reviewed papers on the topic Once again, therefore, we have another situation where the doom-and-gloom prognostications of the world?s climate alarmists have been made without regard to the full spectrum of important phenomena that come to bear upon the issue in question, and where the conclusions they reach are found to be far more uncertain and much less extreme than what they portray them to be. Thus, it can be appreciated that the climate-alarmist horror stories of impending extinctions of earth?s marine calcifying organisms due to a CO2-induced decrease in seawater pH are ...
Global Marine Propulsion Engines Market: This market research report focuses on Past-Current Size, Shares, Trends, Price, Segment & Forecast 2017-2022.
Little is known about the ocean temperatures long-term response to climate perturbations owing to limited observations and a lack of robust reconstructions. Although most of the anthropogenic heat added to the climate system has been taken up by the ocean up until now, its role in a century and beyond is uncertain. Here, using noble gases trapped in ice cores, we show that the mean global ocean temperature increased by 2.57 ± 0.24 degrees Celsius over the last glacial transition (20,000 to 10,000 years ago). Our reconstruction provides unprecedented precision and temporal resolution for the integrated global ocean, in contrast to the depth-, region-, organism- and season-specific estimates provided by other methods. We find that the mean global ocean temperature is closely correlated with Antarctic temperature and has no lead or lag with atmospheric CO2, thereby confirming the important role of Southern Hemisphere climate in global climate trends. We also reveal an enigmatic 700-year warming during
Pollen from New Zealand pine forests has been shown to travel more than 1500km through wind and ocean currents, and sink thousands of metres into the ocean to reach some of the worlds deepest ecosystems.
Impacts of ocean acidification may be just as dramatic as those of global warming (resulting from anthropogenic activities on top of natural variability) and the combination of both are likely to exacerbate consequences, resulting in potentially profound changes throughout marine ecosystems and in the services that they provide to humankind. Background on Ocean Acidification (OA)…
Changes in ocean circulation are not only going to kill a lot of sea life, but there is positive feedback again on greenhouse gas and warming acceleration … and the closing of the door on for ever on the solution of using sea ecosystems to sink the carbon back where it came from, living bionmass in thriving oceans [as distinct from our largely dead and dying ones] … but as if that currently almost half-complete death of the base of sea life [corals and phytoplankton] , there is something people do not seem even be aware of let alone to have modelled, the methane hydrate distribution on continental shelves is controlled by ocean temperature LOCALLY … just changing the ocean circulation at almost any coastline can trigger massive methane release without any increase in average earth temperature!. … the amount of methane is potentially so massive that it could even swamp the breakdown of methane in the atmosphere with sudden massive acceleration in warming due to methane persisting far ...
Kemp , D B & Izumi , K 2014 , Multiproxy geochemical analysis of a Panthalassic margin record of the early Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (Toyora area, Japan) , Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology , vol. 414 , pp. 332-341 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.09. ...
Marine Cranes Market: Overview Marine cranes are the rotating lifting and pedestal-mounted elevating machinery used to transport cargo or personnel for marine vessels, oil drilling platforms, navy ships and fishing vessels. Rapidly growing industrialization, mainly in emerging nations, and noteworthy prominence on energy conservation has led to remarkable advancement in the global marine crane market during the forecast period. Over the past few years, hydraulic marine cranes have gained significant traction in the global marine crane market as it is highly reliable and has high load bearing capacity. Moreover, new project associated with offshore wind turbine is roaring and also supporting the growth of lattice boom marine cranes in European countries, particularly in the U.K. and Germany. On the other hand, flexibility, low operational cost, high safety and low maintenance cost remain the prime focus of key manufacturers in the global marine crane market throughout the forecast period. The ...
Ocean acidification hits young sea stars the hardest compared to their adult counterparts, according to a new study. Young members of a species are sensitive as it is to environmental stresses compared to their parents, so with juvenile marine life now combating ocean acidification as well, its taking its toll. That goes for the sea…
Campaign for Global Ocean Treaty from the Sargasso Sea - GP0STTRZT Actor Pedro Alonso, Dancer Isaac Hernandez and Director Manolo Caro campaigns for Global Ocean Treaty from the Sargasso Sea. House of Flowers creator, Mexican director Manolo Caro; Money Heist lead actor, Spanish actor Pedro Alonso, and English National Ballet lead principal, Mexican dancer Isaac Hernández, join Greenpeace to call attention to the urgency of approving a Global Ocean Treaty through a short film of exceptional beauty.
A Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) Level 4 sea surface temperature analysis produced daily on an operational basis at the UK Met Office using optimal interpolation (OI) on a global 0.054 degree grid. The Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA) analysis uses satellite data from sensors that include the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), the Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR), the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared
Counter‑intuitively greater sea ice production can deliver relatively warmer subsurface water to the ocean abyss. When oceans freeze, the salt is ejected to form a dense brine with a temperature that always hovers at the freezing point. Typically this unmodified water is called shelf water. Dense shelf water readily sinks to the bottom of the polar seas. However in transit to the bottom, shelf water must pass through layers of variously modified Warm Deep Water or Antarctic Circumpolar Water. Turbulent mixing also entrains some of the warmer water down to the abyss. Warm Deep Water typically comprises 62% of the mixed water that finally reaches the bottom. Any altered dynamic (such as increasing sea ice production, or circulation effects that entrain a greater proportion of Warm Deep Water), can redistribute more heat to the abyss.14. Due to the Antarctic Oscillation the warmer waters carried by the Antarctic Circumpolar Current have been observed to undulate southward bringing those waters ...
Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.. Source: Global Ocean Surface Water Partial Pressure of CO2 Database (LDEO Database Version 2019): Measurements Performed During 1957-2019 (NCEI Accession 0160492). ...
Belkin, I. M.: Rapid warming of Large Marine Ecosystems, Prog. Oceanogr., 81, 207-213, 2009. Belkin, I. M. and Lee, M.-A.: Long-term variability of sea surface temperature in Taiwan Strait, Clim. Change, 124, 821-834, 2014. Burrows, M., Schoeman, D., Buckley, L., Moore, P., Poloczanska, E., Brander, K., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Duarte, C., Kiessling, W., OConnor, M., Pandolfi, J., Parmesan, C., Schwing, F., Sydeman, W., and Richardson, A.: The pace of shifting climate in marine and terrestrial ecosystems, Science, 334, 652-655, 2011. Guan, J., Cheung, A., Guo, X., and Li, L.: Intensified upwelling over a widened shelf in the northeastern South China Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 114, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004660, 2009. Harris, I., Jones, P. D., Osborn, T. J., and Lister, D. H.: Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 dataset, Int. J. Climatol., 34, 623-642, 2014. Hausfather, Z., Cowtan, K., Menne, M. J., and Williams Jr., C. N.: Evaluating the impact of ...
Time series of surface wind and upper ocean temperature and velocity, obtained from equatorial moorings along 110°W, are used to assess the importance of various oceanic and atmospheric processes in the variation of the mixed layer temperature for the period January 1986 to June 1988. This period coincides with the onset and development of the 1986-87 El Niño-Southern Oscillation warm event and a subsequent cold event in 1988. Results of the temperature equation analyses indicate that seasonal and interannual variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern Pacific cannot be accounted for by observed surface heat flux; oceanic processes play an important role in the heating of the surface water. Although no single process dominated SST change, the most important processes in the mean balance were the net incoming surface heat flux, the penetrative solar radiation, and the vertical turbulent flux out the bottom of the mixed layer. The mean vertical entrainment could not be estimated ...
Impact of leakages on marine ecosystems Cinzia De Vittor ph When dissolves in seawater, H2CO3 is formed. Most of the H2CO3 quickly dissociates into a hydrogen ion (H+) and HCO3- + H2O H2CO3 HCO3- + H+
Two of the new systems have been already delivered and the rest will be delivered and commissioned before the end of the year. A training program will be conducted in August 2013 at GMSL headquarters in the UK. In addition, GMSL has also embrace MakaiPlan as the preferred submarine route cable planning tool for their survey department.. MakaiLay is an advanced finite-segment 3D cable installation software package that enables cable installers to lay submarine cables with high placement accuracy and reliability. The software calculates and displays the surface and seafloor tension of the cable in near real-time, the layback distance of the cable, the cable slack and touchdown locations on the seafloor, to enable complete control of a cable installation process.. MakaiLay fully integrates the cable laying operations with the cable control room to adjust the cable payout speed for optimum slack/tension, the plough control room, and the helmsman DP system to modify the vessel track and speed as ...
Latest News, World , Asia, ASEAN, Singapore,Phillipines, Malaysia , Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Hong Kong,China and India News Headlines. Latest on Sports, Politics, Science and Technology and other things around the globe.
The Meteosat Second Generation (MSG-3) satellites are spin stabilized geostationary satellites operated by the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) to provide accurate weather monitoring data through its primary instrument the Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI), which has the capacity to observe the Earth in 12 spectral channels. Eight of these channels are in the thermal infrared, providing among other information, observations of the temperatures of clouds, land and sea surfaces at approximately 5 km resolution with a 15 minute duty cycle. This Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) dataset produced by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) is derived from the SEVIRI instrument on the second MSG satellite (also known as Meteosat-9) that was launched on 22 December 2005. Skin sea surface temperature (SST) data are ...
Populations of marine mammals, birds, reptiles and fish have dropped by about half in the past four decades, with fish critical to human food suffering some of the greatest declines, WWF warned Wednesday.
WOCE Upper Ocean Thermal, UOT (2006): Water temperature from profiling float from cruise UOT_029795 (SCQC). National Oceanographic Data Center, Silver Spring, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.356066, In: WOCE Upper Ocean Thermal, UOT (2009): Temperature and salinity records from profiling floats. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.725481
The reason Im interested in sea level effects of surface temperature change is GRACE and other satellite systems have already given some initial metrics of land, ice-melt. But Id like something a little more current. Fortunately, NOAA and others provide sea surface metrics giving world-wide, sea surface temperatures (i.e., google unisys sst.) So if we can model the sea surface temperature effects and compare them to the sea-level data, the difference should be the lost melt-water ...
Then click download to get the pdf version, so you have a copy on your computer. Sea floor spreading is the process by which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises toward the surface and solidifies ( lab) Magnetic Reversals Earths magnetic pole have changed places. Answer the following questions using your model of sea-floor spreading. Ring of Fire. (*)Make a sea floor spreading model. Place one graham cracker lightly onto the frosting next to the remaining fruit roll up piece. Uniformitarian geologists have used this rate and radiometric dating to suggest that the continents were all in one location as supercontinents-800 million years ago in Rodinia and 180 million years ago. This age progression could only be explained by the continuous formation of new oceanic crust at the ridges and gradual spreading-apart of the plates over time. Most basalt magmas contain abundant molten iron. Worksheets are Sea floor spreading work, Name date sea floor spreading l 1 2 3, Continental drift sea ...
The Biocean database was designed to collate the extremely large volume of data collected from different deep-sea ecosystem studies conducted by Ifremers department of Environnement Profond (Deep-Sea Environment). Biocean was designed to facilitate ecosystem studies in the deep sea. It represents an important new resource for deep-sea ecologists and will have wide applications in biogeography and biodiversity studies at Ifremer, but also for the international community, as faunal data are linked to the Census of Marine Life information system OBIS (Ocean Biogeographic Information System). [Information of the supplier ...
Attention Google Earth users: Sea Surface Temperature .kmz files for selected regions are now available here. Learn more about Google Earth at http://earth.google.com It is free to download and easy to use. ...
Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.. Global Marine Slow Speed Engine Oil Market report 2020 explores the market size in the form of value, capacity, production and consumption in key regions like North America, Europe, Asia Pacific (China, Japan) and alternative regions. This report classifies the global Marine Slow Speed Engine Oil industry breakdown information by manufacturers, region, type and application. Additionally, analyses the market status, Marine Slow Speed Engine Oil market share, rate of growth, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, risks and entry barriers, sales channels, distributors and Porters 5 Forces Analysis.. Get Sample Copy of this Report at:https://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-sample/15837712. Marine Slow Speed Engine Oil Market Size Analysis:. ...
The emergence of the Law of the Sea Convention and establishment of Exclusive Economic Zones has given coastal states extensive and comprehensive rights and obligations over marine resources in vast areas of ocean. Wise management of ocean resources is essential if the full economic potential of these new entitlements is to be realised. To ensure the continuing biological productivity of these areas, the level and type of development of activities such as waste dumping, mineral extraction, recreation, industrial and urban growth, fisheries and aquaculture, need to be controlled, and interactions of these often conflicting activities resolved by management.. This MSc is a full-time one-year course, consisting of 9 months taught course and 3 months research project, and examined by continuous assessment. The course provides theoretical and practical training in measuring and quantifying marine resources and the effects of conflicting usage upon them. It provides a sound scientific basis on which ...
My earliest research focused on evolution in the Southern Ocean and deep sea using octopuses as a model system. This research highlighted connections between the worlds oceans, linked evolutionary radiations to climatic events through dated phylogenies, and helped explain how Southern Ocean fauna survived the massive disturbances caused by Pliocene-Pleistocene glacial cycles. My paper on the evolutionary origins of deep-sea octopuses was the top highlight in the Census of Marine Life press release at the 1st World Congress of Marine Biodiversity, Valencia 2008. More recently my group been studying the ecology and evolution of sponges and corals in the deep waters of Irelands Atlantic margin and I have just been awarded more than a million euro by Science Foundation Ireland / Marine Institute to explore their biodiscovery potential. Im an active field scientist and have led numerous research cruises as Chief Scientist. Im a former president of the Cephalopod International Advisory Council, a ...
Marine metagenomics provides an unique opportunity to study marine microorganism communities. The large amount of data available from studies like the Global Ocean Sampling (GOS) Expedtion is appealing for comparative studies of gene content and its link to the environment.. ...
Yes, Thomas, that is something that is going to become an issue in the near future. As the oceans warm they begin to stratify meaning reduced mixing of deep waters with the surface. This leads to declines in upwelling of nutrients to the surface and is thought to be the cause of the 40% reduction in phytoplankton in the last century. Oxygen levels in the ocean will decline simply because oxygen is less soluble in warmer water, but the stratification also reduces ventilation of oxygen to deeper waters too. So marine organisms living on the ocean floor will inevitably be one of the first to suffer.. An expansion of oxygen minimum zones in the worlds oceans have been recently observed, some palaeo data show that de-oxygenation occurs in times of global warming and ocean anoxia (oxygen depletion) is linked to some major extinction events, most notably the Permian Extinction. So there is growing evidence to support this relatively new area of research. Ocean Acidification, mass coral bleaching due ...
Recent research by ESA Living Planet Fellow Marco Bellacicco in the frame of project PHYSIOGLOB gives new insights on how the choice of the regression
abstract = {An eddy is a feature associated with a rotating body of fluid, surrounded by a ring of shearing fluid. In the ocean, eddies are 10 to 150 km in diameter, are spawned by boundary currents and baroclinic instabilities, may live for hundreds of days, and travel for hundreds of kilometers. Eddies are important in climate studies because they transport heat, salt, and nutrients through the worlds oceans and are vessels of biological productivity. The study of eddies in global ocean-climate models requires large-scale, high-resolution simulations. This poses a problem for feasible (timely) eddy analysis, as ocean simulations generate massive amounts of data, causing a bottleneck for traditional analysis workflows. To enable eddy studies, we have developed an in situ workflow for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of MPAS-Ocean, a high-resolution ocean climate model, in collaboration with the ocean model research and development process. Planned eddy analysis at high spatial and ...
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting research on ocean acidification in the Arctic, Gulf of Mexico and Florida estuaries, and the Caribbean and Pacific. ...
The oxygen situation in the deep water of the Baltic Proper continues to be serious. About one sixth (~17%) of the bottom area in the Baltic Proper are affected by anoxia (oxygen free, with toxic hydrogen sulphide present) corresponding to ~10% of the water volume. Acute oxygen deficiency, with concentrations ...
In multidisciplinary efforts to understand and manage our planet, contemporary ocean science plays an essential role. Volumes 13 and 14 of The Sea focus on two of the most important components in the field of ocean science today -- the coastal ocean and its interactions with the deep sea, and coupled physical-biogeochemical and ecosystem dynamics.
This is a composite MODIS image showing the green wave of spring in North America and sea surface temperature in the ocean, collected over an 8-day period during the first week in April 2000. On land, the darker green pixels show where the most green foliage is being produced due to photosynthetic activity. Yellows on land show where there is little or no productivity and red is a boundary zone. In the ocean, orange and yellows show warmer waters and blues show colder values.. ...
Coccolithophores are single-celled algae and protists that are found throughout the surface euphotic zones of the worlds oceans. They contain chlorophyll, conduct photosynthesis and possess special plates or scales known as coccoliths, which they create via the process of calcification. This summary briefly reviews the results of several studies investigating how coccolithophores may be affected by ocean acidification in a CO2-enriched world of the future. As indicated below, the findings of these several works challenge the alarmist view of ocean acidification espoused by the IPCC and others. Instead of experiencing great harm in response to future declines in oceanic pH predicted for the future, coccolithophores will likely adapt and possible even thrive under such changes. ...
Aerobic anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria (AAnP) were recently proposed to be significant contributors to global oceanic carbon and energy cycles. However, AAnP abundance, spatial distribution, diversity and potential ecological importance remain poorly understood. Here we present metagenomic data from the Global Ocean Sampling expedition indicating that AAnP diversity and abundance vary in different oceanic regions. Furthermore, we show for the first time that the composition of AAnP assemblages change between different oceanic regions, with specific bacterial assemblages adapted to open ocean or coastal areas respectively. Our results support the notion that marine AAnP populations are complex and dynamic, and compose an important fraction of bacterioplankton assemblages in certain oceanic areas.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in seawater. AU - Millero, Frank J.. AU - Woosley, Ryan. AU - Ditrolio, Benjamin. AU - Waters, Jason. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - Increasing atmospheric CO 2 over the next 200 years will cause the pH of ocean waters to decrease further. Many recent studies have examined the effect of decreasing pH on calcifying organisms in ocean waters and on other biological processes (photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, elemental ratios, and community structure). In this review, we examine how pH will change the organic and inorganic speciation of metals in surface ocean waters, and the effect that it will have on the interactions of metals with marine organisms. We consider both kinetic and equilibrium processes. The decrease in concentration of OH - and CO 3 2- ions can affect the solubility, adsorption, toxicity, and rates of redox processes of metals in seawater. Future studies are needed to examine how pH affects the ...
Al-Mutairi, H. and Landry, M. R.: Active export of carbon and nitrogen at station ALOHA by diel migrant zooplankton, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 48, 2083-2103, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00174-0, 2001. Andersen, V., Devey, C., Gubanova, A., Picheral, M., Melnikov, V., Tsarin, S., and Prieur, L.: Vertical distributions of zooplankton across the Almeria-Oran frontal zone (Mediterranean Sea), J. Plankton Res., 26, 275-293, https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbh036, 2004. Antezana, T.: Vertical distribution and diel migration of Euphausia mucronata in the oxygen minimum layer of the Humboldt Current, Oceanogr. East. Pacific II, 2, 13-28, 2002. Antezana, T.: Species-specific patterns of diel migration into the Oxygen Minimum Zone by euphausiids in the Humboldt Current Ecosystem, Prog. Oceanogr., 83, 228-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.039, 2009. Antezana, T.: Euphausia mucronata: A keystone herbivore and prey of the Humboldt Current System, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 57, 652-662, ...
Global marine fisheries are currently underperforming, largely due to overfishing. An analysis of global databases finds that resource rent net of subsidies from rebuilt world fisheries could increase from the current negative US$13 billion to positive US$54 billion per year, resulting in a net gain of US$600 to US$1,400 billion in present value over fifty years after rebuilding. To realize this gain, governments need to implement a rebuilding program at a cost of about US$203 (US$130-US$292) billion in present value. We estimate that it would take just 12 years after rebuilding begins for the benefits to surpass the cost. Even without accounting for the potential boost to recreational fisheries, and ignoring ancillary and non-market values that would likely increase, the potential benefits of rebuilding global fisheries far outweigh the costs.
Ligia L. Perez-Cruz, Maria Luisa Machain-Castillo; Benthic foraminifera of the oxygen minimum zone, continental shelf of the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico. Journal of Foraminiferal Research ; 20 (4): 312-325. doi: https://doi.org/10.2113/gsjfr.20.4.312. Download citation file:. ...
Ocean acidification is a global problem and an immediate threat to marine organisms and ecosystems. Regardless of the magnitude of the warming that results from increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, a topic of uncertainty and ongoing debate, the oceans will absorb a significant fraction of the anthropogenic CO2 that is released to the atmosphere. Over time, this will cause the oceans water to become increasingly acidic (ocean acidification). Corals and coral reefs may be especially vulnerable to ocean acidification because their success is dependant upon their ability to build calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeletons in a process called calcification.. Scientists dont fully understand the mechanisms of calcification or how they might be impacted by ocean acidification, but one way of addressing this knowledge gap is by studying coral genetics. Scientists can use a gene-targeting approach that investigates only the expression of genes known to be involved in calcification; however, this ...
Oceanography is a richly interdisciplinary science encompassing the study of the deep sea and shallow coastal oceans. Oceanography comprises the study of biology, chemistry, geology and physics in the form they apply to the ocean. Physical oceanography deals with studying and understanding the changing patterns of ocean circulation, in addition to the distribution of its properties like salinity, temperature and the concentration of dissolved chemical elements and gases. Chemical oceanography is the study of the oceans chemistry, the pathways that chemical species follow on their journey through the oceans. The chemistry of the ocean is closely tied to the exchange of material with the atmosphere, cryosphere, continents, and the mantle, ocean circulation, climate, the plants and animals that live in the ocean. Biological oceanography seeks to understand the population dynamics of marine organisms and their interaction with their environment. Unfortunately, in spite of all the studies and ...
Marine life has polluted the oceans for thousands of years, and that pollution is continuing to worsen.. The United Nations estimates that as many as 50 percent of marine life in the world is suffering from pollution.. The problems are not limited to the oceans.. Marine life is also polluting freshwater aquifers that feed the food chains of humans, animals and plants.. A new study from scientists at the University of Southampton found that in some areas, the presence of marine organisms can affect the quality of water in local rivers and streams.. In others, they can alter nutrient flows, which can lead to an increase in salinity and pH levels, as well as changes in water clarity and flow.. The researchers analyzed data collected from 11 sites across the UK over several years, including the Thames River, the River Llandudno, the Thames, the Tyne, the Rhine, the Barents Sea and the North Sea.. They found that the presence or absence of marine animals, including marine organisms such as mussels, ...
Find China South China Sea Latest News, Videos & Pictures on China South China Sea and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Explore more on China South China Sea.
The Global Marine Insurance Market The research study has been prepared with the use of in-depth qualitative and quantitative analyses of the global Marine Insurance Market. The report offers complete and intelligent analysis of the competition, segmentation, dynamics, and geographical advancement of the Global Marine Insurance Market. It takes into account the CAGR, value, volume, revenue, production, consumption, sales, Manufacturing cost, prices, and other key factors related to the global Marine Insurance Market.. Marine Insurance Market Top Manufacturers profiled in the report are: Allianz, American International, Aon, AXA, Insurance brokers, Marsh, and Other.. Insurance analytics is the process of integrating insurance data from multiple, disparate data sources to produce accurate, consistent, and more useful information. It seamlessly detects and combines the insurance data to generate improved information and provide new insights that could be shared with the authorized users for better ...
Coastal Oceanography Coastal oceanography includes the study of the physics, chemistry, ecology, and geology of the coastal ocean.. The coastal ocean is the place where the continents meet with the open ocean; therefore it serves as a bridge for transporting organic and inorganic, natural and anthropogenic materials between the land and sea.. Knowledge of the coastal ocean is very essential for the safe and efficient conduct of maritime trade, and for the defence of coastal nations and attacks by maritime powers.. ...
Global marine fuel 0.5%S prices improved in July, though demand still was below normal levels. Market sentiment was overall more positive than in June, though fundamentals of oversupply and slow demand resulted in a short-term bearish outlook for much of the globe.. ASIA. The Asian 0.5%S marine fuel market strengthened throughout July on expectations that an inflow of arbitrage cargoes from the West would decline in August and tighten supply. .. The Singapore August/September spread was assessed at a 5 cents/mt backwardation on July 30, up from a $4.25/mt contango on July 1, S&P Global Platts data showed.. Fuel oil traders expect an inflow of arbitrage cargoes to decline to 1.5 million mt-2.0 million mt for August arrival, down from 2 million-2.5 million mt for July, as the price spreads between Europe and Asia were not wide enough to bring cargoes from the West to the East.. But supply was still plentiful, as there are about 5 million mt of low sulfur fuel oil stocks sitting around Singapore, ...
This is the first volume of a final report that summarizes, often in a speculative vein, what I have learned over the past 35 years or so about large-scale, low-frequency ocean currents, primarily with support from the Office of Naval Research (ONR). I was also fortunate to have been partially supported by the National Science Foundation, and during the preparation of this report, by the Clark Foundation. This report is meant to be an informal, occasionally anecdotal, state-of-the-art summary account of the World Ocean Circulation (WOC). Seemingly simple questions about how ocean currents behave, such as where various brands of sea water are coming from and going to, have been exciting and difficult research topics for many years. This report is not remotely about all of the WOC, it is simply a set of comments about what I have looked into. I believe that the results in this report, although presented in a personal way, are consistent with community wisdom. The report is intended to be readable by
1559632550 Global Marine Biological Diversity: A Strategy For Building Conservation Into Decision Making,books, textbooks, text book
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recognising Stakeholder Conflict and Encouraging Consensus of Science-Based Management Approaches for Marine Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ). AU - Gaebel, Christine. AU - Baulcomb, Corinne. AU - Roberts, John Murray. AU - Johnson, David. PY - 2020/9/18. Y1 - 2020/9/18. N2 - Areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) encompass the seabed, subsoil and water column beyond coastal State jurisdiction and marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) is rich and varied. From providing sustenance and supporting livelihoods, to absorbing anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, ABNJ ecosystems are vital to the wellbeing of humankind. However, an enhanced understanding of BBNJ and its significance has not equated to its successful conservation and sustainable use. Negotiations for a new international legally binding instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ have scoped applicable principles for a future agreement, including the use of best ...
A team led by scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) has demonstrated that the excess carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere through the combustion of fossil fuels interferes with the health of phytoplankton which form the base of marine food webs.. Phytoplankton are microscopic plants whose growth in ocean surface waters supports ocean food webs and global marine fisheries. They are also key agents in the long-term removal of carbon dioxide (CO2).. As reported in the March 14 edition of Nature, the team shows that a mechanism widely used by phytoplankton to acquire iron has a requirement for carbonate ions. Rising concentrations of atmospheric CO2 are acidifying the ocean and decreasing carbonate, and the team shows how this loss of carbonate affects the ability of phytoplankton to obtain enough of the nutrient iron for growth. Ocean acidification is poised to decrease the concentration of sea ...
Microbial metagenomes are DNA samples of the most abundant, and therefore most successful organisms at the sampling time and location for a given cell size range. The study of microbial communities via their DNA content has revolutionized our understanding of microbial ecology and evolution. Iron availability is a critical resource that limits microbial communities growth in many oceanic areas. Here, we built a database of 2319 sequences, corresponding to 140 gene families of iron metabolism with a large phylogenetic spread, to explore the microbial strategies of iron acquisition in the oceans bacterial community. We estimate iron metabolism strategies from metagenome gene content and investigate whether their prevalence varies with dissolved iron concentrations obtained from a biogeochemical model. We show significant quantitative and qualitative variations in iron metabolism pathways, with a higher proportion of iron metabolism genes in low iron environments. We found a striking difference between
Abstract. Observations indicate an expansion of oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) over the past 50 years, likely related to ongoing deoxygenation caused by reduced oxygen solubility, changes in stratification and circulation, and a potential acceleration of organic matter turnover in a warming climate. The overall area of ocean sediments that are in direct contact with low-oxygen bottom waters also increases with expanding OMZs. This leads to a release of phosphorus from ocean sediments. If anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions continue unabated, higher temperatures will cause enhanced weathering on land, which, in turn, will increase the phosphorus and alkalinity fluxes into the ocean and therefore raise the oceans phosphorus inventory even further. A higher availability of phosphorus enhances biological production, remineralisation and oxygen consumption, and might therefore lead to further expansions of OMZs, representing a positive feedback. A negative feedback arises from the enhanced ...
Lüskow, F., Martin, B., Merten, V., Silva, P., Pinheiro, N., Springer, B., Zankl, S. and Zeimet, T. (2016) SEAMOX: The Influence of Seamounts and Oxygen Minimum Zones on Pelagic Fauna in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic Cruise No. MSM49 November 28 - December 21, 2015 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain) - Mindelo (Republic of Cape Verde). ...
Oxygen Sensitivity of Anammox and Coupled N-Cycle Processes in Oxygen Minimum Zones. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
The worlds oceans are important for both the global ecological balance and a number of ecosystem services like food production and transport. While scientists have tested the effects of terrestrial warming using greenhouses, no research has been done to look at the effects of ocean warming.. The EU-funded CC AND MARINE LIFE (The influence of multiple global change stressors on marine communities: A novel field approach) project aimed to test how marine ecosystems respond to changes in surface and water temperature.. To achieve this, researchers developed an underwater hotplate system - a collection of panels that can be heated to more than 10 °C above ambient temperature. The hotplate system could also record the nearby water temperature very accurately.. CC AND MARINE LIFE first used the hotplate system to maintain a higher water temperature and study how the marine ecosystems colonised the panels. This experiment yielded very different ecosystems to the surrounding colder water, with ...
Welcome to the Derm Blog Local Pages. Here you will find local information about Jan Marini in Beaufort, SC and products that may be of interest to you. In addition to a number of relevant products you can purchase from us online, we have also compiled a list of businesses and services around Beaufort, including Cosmetic Retailers, Cosmetics, and Dermatologists that should help with your search in Beaufort. We hope this page satisfies your local needs. Before you take a look at the local resources, please browse through our competitively priced products that you can order from the comfort of your own home.
Lec 22 - Ocean Currents and Productivity The Atmosphere, the Ocean and Environmental Change (GG 140) Ocean currents are generally divided into two categories: thermohaline currents and wind...
The Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) has been responsible for a recent upsurge in international cooperation in ocean science and for some notable advances in biological and chemical oceanography. These advances have included the collaborative study of the northward progress of the spring bloom in the North Atlantic in 1989-90, during which the role of primary producers in drawing down mixed layer PCO2 was demonstrated for the first time; the establishment of a series of time-series stations in the Atlantic and Pacific where upper water column processes and the settling flux of particular organic matter are being monitored; the 1992-93 Equatorial Pacific Study which showed that the magnitude of CO2 outgasing from this vast area changes substantially between El Niño and La Niña conditions; the ongoing Arabian Sea program that is looking at the response of the ocean carbon pumps to monsoon forcing; and the formulation of an invaluable set of new international standards and method protocols. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Autonomous Biogeochemical Floats Detect Significant Carbon Dioxide Outgassing in the High-Latitude Southern Ocean. AU - Gray, Alison R.. AU - Johnson, Kenneth S.. AU - Bushinsky, Seth M.. AU - Riser, Stephen C.. AU - Russell, Joellen. AU - Talley, Lynne D.. AU - Wanninkhof, Rik. AU - Williams, Nancy L.. AU - Sarmiento, Jorge L.. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Although the Southern Ocean is thought to account for a significant portion of the contemporary oceanic uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2), flux estimates in this region are based on sparse observations that are strongly biased toward summer. Here we present new estimates of Southern Ocean air-sea CO2 fluxes calculated with measurements from biogeochemical profiling floats deployed by the Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling project during 2014-2017. Compared to ship-based CO2 flux estimates, the float-based fluxes find significantly stronger outgassing in the zone around Antarctica where carbon-rich ...
This global image is a combination of the MODIS Land Surface Reflectance product and Sea Surface Temperature product. MODIS bands at 645nm, 555nm, and 469nm (displayed as red, green, and blue) were used to make this quasi-true-color image of the land surface. The operational atmospheric correction produces images of land that are similar to what would be observed if there were no atmosphere. MODIS calibrated multi-spectral observations are essential to monitor the vegetation and study the Earths biogeochemical cycles. Over the ocean the surface temperature is computed using MODIS bands at 3.9µm and 4.0µm. Temperature is cooler to warmer from purple to red. This is the first view of the oceans obtained using the highly transmissive window channels not available on heritage instruments. These new bands are much less affected by the presence of atmospheric water vapor and thus present a better picture of the Sea Surface Temperature in the moist tropics. Note that the Sea Surface Temperature is ...
The availability of iron is known to exert a controlling influence on biological productivity in surface waters over large areas of the ocean and may have been an important factor in the variation of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide over glacial cycles. The effect of iron in the Southern Ocean is particularly important because of its large area and abundant nitrate, yet iron-enhanced growth of phytoplankton may be differentially expressed between waters with high silicic acid in the south and low silicic acid in the north, where diatom growth may be limited by both silicic acid and iron. Twomesoscaleexperiments, designed to investigate the effects of iron enrichment in regions with high and low concentrations of silicic acid, were performed in the Southern Ocean. These experiments demonstrate irons pivotal role in controlling carbon uptake and regulating atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide.. ...
So how do we know about this as ocean scientists?. - Ocean scientists go to sea 40-50 days at a time and collect thousands of water samples, from the seafloor up through the water column to the sea surface. We can measure the carbon (C) and oxygen (O) in the water samples - WOCE = World Ocean Circulation Experiment This is a map of the station locations from the global survey of carbon measurements as part of WOCE, the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. The red stations indicate measurements collected as part of the US WOCE one time survey. The yellow stations were a part of NOAAs OACES program. We have also made an effort to incorporate as much international data as possible. The blue stations in the Indian Ocean are from the French. Pacific data came from the Australians, Japanese, and Canadians. Much of the new Atlantic work was performed by the Europeans. The synthesis began in the Indian Ocean. These cruises had the best coordination are required the least effort to synthesize. We have ...
Ocean Water, Ocean Waves Print, Ocean Water Print, Coastal Wall Decor, Beach Art, Printable Poster, Digital Print, Digital Download, Water __________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Nova Wall Art Shop offers a collection of
The changes in sea surface temperature patterns over a year reflect the warming and cooling trends known as seasonal change. The changes are directly related to which latitudes receive the most direct rays of the sun and the longest periods of daylight. Can you think of other variables that change with respect to latitude over the course of a year?. Over longer periods of time, sea surface temperature patterns also show shifts in longitude. Some years, a large body of warm water moves from the western Pacific Ocean eastward to the west coast of South America. This shift in ocean circulation affects global atmospheric conditions and can result in increased flooding, droughts, and damaging hurricanes. This occurrence is known as El Niño.. ! Click the image to play the animation. Examine the animation frame by frame to look for months when El Niño is occurring ...
Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) form from dissolved precursors and significantly contribute to the pool of particulate organic carbon in the ocean. In addition, TEP are an important structural component since they provide attachment sites for microbes on a nanometer to micrometer scale. To investigate the effect of ocean acidification on the concentration and dynamics of TEP, we conducted a series of experimental studies in the Baltic Sea in summer 2007 within the frame of the SOPRAN (Surface Ocean PRocesses in the ANthropocene) project. At this time diazotrophs were the main primary producers. Thus, the relation between autotrophic N2-fixation and heterotrophic activity (uptake of radiolabeld Leucine) was determined and compared with TEP concentration measurements to elucidate how production and fate of TEP may be altered due to short term responses to acidification.We observed that the amount of TEP as well as microbiological activities were sensitive to changes in pCO2. Our results ...
Drifting profiler shown before deployment. Instruments of this type make Lagrangian measurements as they are swept along by ocean currents. Satellites track their positions with Global Positioning Systems (GPS).. Another direct way to measure ocean currents is by tagging a water material with either floats or dyes. This viewpoint of following a tagged water parcel is called Lagrangian, named in honor of Joseph Louis Lagrange, a French mathematician. Near-surface ocean currents are measured by so-called drifters, which is a buoy that rides at the ocean surface and is usually weighted at some depth to negate the direct effects of wind on the buoy itself. Tracking this drifter (by satellite, radar, radio, sound, etc.) will give a description of the ocean current.. The animation below shows the tracks of many drifters through time. Each half second frame of the animation represents 12 hours of drifter movement. The animation loops after representing two weeks of drifter movement. Notice the drifter ...
Microbe communities living in the seafloor off Peru havent bounced back from a deep-sea mining experiment 26 years ago. The populations are still reduced by 30 percent in this part of the South Pacific Ocean, researchers report April 29 in Science Advances. From 1989 to 1996, the DISturbance and reCOLonization, or DISCOL, experiment plowed grooves into the seafloor to mimic deep-sea mining for valuable metal-bearing rocks. The lumps of rock, known as polymetallic or manganese nodules, contain economically important metals such as copper, nickel and cobalt. To recover the nodules, miners dredge the seafloor, scraping off much of the top layer of sediment along with the rocks. Researchers have long expressed concern about how this might affect deep-sea ecosystems (SN: 2/19/14). But there is little data about the effects of deep-sea mining on the ocean environment - and particularly on the microbes at the base of the food web, which cycle the nutrient nitrogen between seafloor and bottom waters ...
Dive and explore marine ecosystems to discover their mysteries: how to recognize marine fauna? We explore all kind of questions about marine life.
ocean current: Stream made up of horizontal and vertical components of the circulation system of ocean waters that is produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation in different...
Increases in Atlantic tropical cyclone intensity have been related to increases in Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST), and Elsner (2007) has shown that it is likely to be rising global temperatures that drive the increases in both cyclone intensity and Atlantic SST. However, the nature of the climate relationships to tropical cyclones is likely to be complex, and certainly includes oceanic and atmospheric circulation patterns that operate on ocean basic scales. Significant but weak. J.B. Elsner and T.H. Jagger (eds.), Hurricanes and Climate Change, 139. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-09410-6, © Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009. statistical correlations exist between the Atlantic hurricane source region and the northern Atlantic (Goldenberg et al., 2001) and tropical Pacific warm pools (Wang et al., 2006). Several authors have used these statistical relationships to produce predictive models of Atlantic hurricane season intensity and tropical storm numbers (e.g. Elsner and Jagger, 2006; ...
Disrupting just one process in the important relationship between microbes and bigger plants and animals that live in ocean floor sediment may have knock-on effects that could reduce the productivity of coastal ecosystems, according to international research published online yesterday in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.. Dr Bonnie Laverock, an Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre Research Fellow associated with The University of Western Australia, is the lead author of the paper which outlines the effects of ocean acidification on marine microorganisms.. Dr Laverock and her team from the UK and the US are the first to investigate the impacts of ocean acidification - caused by increasing concentrations of dissolved carbon dioxide - on the interactions between macro and micro-organisms in sediments. There has been very little work done so far on the microbial responses to ocean acidification in the benthic (sea floor) zone, she said. In particular, little is known about how ...
The Global Fisheries franchise is a boon for those who have big dreams and want to do something big in life. Today there are many people who want to do their own business, but people are scared to see the cost of starting a new business and the condition of todays market and its risks. Global Fisheries has come up with an attractive plan as a franchise for people who will have higher profits with lower costs and minimal risk. Fish farming is a business whose market is never dull, but in the last several years, there has been a continuous increase in the demand for fish.Full details of each farm will be available in the companys software. How many fish are in which pond of which farm, how much fish feed is left in which farm, when food was given to the fish, when the water of the pond was last tested, when the fish was tested, etc. These and many other details of the activities of the farm will remain with The company in a certain way. It will be the endeavor of the company that every person ...
The present-day distribution of oxygen in the internal deep ocean is thus determined by a complicated and not fully understood interplay of water circulation and bio-logical productivity, which leads to oxygen consumption in the oceans interior. Extensive measurements have shown that the highest oxygen concentrations are found at high latitudes, where the ocean is cold, especially well-mixed and ventilated. The mid-latitudes, by contrast, especially on the western coasts of the continents, are characterized by marked oxygen-deficient zones. The oxygen supply here is very weak due to the sluggish water circulation, and this is further compounded by -elevated oxygen consumption due to high biological productivity. This leads to a situation where the oxygen is almost completely depleted in the depth range between 100 and 1000 metres. This situation is also observed in the northern Indian Ocean in the area of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Different groups of marine organisms react to the ...
International law has had its go at the waters of the South China Sea, and what a magnificent splash.. The ruling from The Hague on 12 July was surprisingly definitive. As Mira Rapp-Hooper comments: The tribunal ruled in favour of the Philippines on almost every count, declaring nearly all of Chinas maritime claims in the region invalid under international law…Chinas defeat was so crushing that it has left Beijing few ways to save face.. The law has spoken; the trouble is the binding judgement has no enforcement mechanism. We are back to the tides and currents of politics and diplomacy and strategy. China has been embarrassed but it hasnt blushed. Or blinked. Two months since the ruling, Sam Batemans judgement is that the decision likely wont have any great lasting political or strategic impact on the region.. That was the backdrop to a South China Sea conference at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, run by UNSW Canberra, the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam and the Japan ...
Washington If the Census Bureau thinks it has its hands full counting Americans, imagine what scientists are up against in trying to tally every living thing in the ocean, including microbes so small they seem invisible.. And just try to get them to mail back a form.. The worldwide Census of Marine Life has four field projects focusing on hard-to-see sea life such as tiny microbes, zooplankton, larvae and burrowers in the sea bed.. Tiny as individuals, these life forms are massive as groups and provide food that helps underpin better-known living things.. Scientists are discovering and describing an astonishing new world of marine microbial diversity and abundance, distribution patterns and seasonal changes, said Mitch Sogin of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass., leader of the International Census of Marine Microbes.. The Census of Marine Life, which is scheduled to be reported Oct. 4 in London, has involved more than 2,000 scientists from more than 80 nations.. The ...
The field of Oceans and Human Health (OHH) is an emerging discipline that requires novel, interdisciplinary approaches to address the ecological and public health consequences of our changing oceans. As population growth and development continue to increase in coastal zones, there is an urgent need to reduce anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems. This research is framed around the premise that the increasing availability of environmental genomic sequence data in tandem with the advancing bioinformatics now offers high-throughput and systems-based approaches and opportunities for environmental health monitoring. Specifically, we hypothesize that environmental genomic information can provide sensitive and functional markers of human impacts on marine ecosystems which can then be used to improve our understanding of how the composition of micro-organism communities relates to public health. We utilize a gene-environment approach whereby the complex interplay between genetic and environmental ...
Image gallery featuring hi-resolution, print quality royalty-free Marine Life illustrations. Page 1 of our royalty-free Marine Life stock illustrations and Marine Life graphics.
Ocean acidification to threaten sea life, worsen climate change say 2 new studies, reports Bryan Walsh at Time Magazine. Oceans are absorbing a large portion of the CO2 emitted into the atmosphere-in fact, oceans are the largest single carbon sink in the world, dwarfing the absorbing abilities of the Amazon rainforest. But the more CO2…
Bo Poulsen tells a fascinating story of the surprising connections between the Danish scientist Johannes Schmidt, the famous Carlsberg brewery, and the pivotal role that marine science played in Denmarks pursuit of international geopolitical standing as its formal North Atlantic empire waned in the first decades of the 20th century. A national celebrity in his own time, Schmidt is remembered by scientists today for solving the mystery of the spawning ground for the European eel in the far-distant Sargasso Sea. The legacy of his relationship with the Carlsberg Foundation, one of the earliest private foundations to patronize science, has been complicated by conflicting assessments since the Second World War about why and whether a brewery should have funded marine science. Poulsens research reveals why the Foundation, in conjunction with the Danish state government and private shipping and other companies, supported marine science in an era when international cooperation operated in tandem with ...
An abrupt rise in temperature, forced by a massive input of CO2 into the atmosphere, is commonly invoked as the main trigger for Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs). Global warming initiated a cascade of palaeoenvironmental perturbations starting with increased continental weathering and an accelerated hydrological cycle that delivered higher loads of nutrients to coastal areas, stimulating biological productivity. The end-result was widespread anoxia and deposition of black shales: the hallmarks of OAEs. In order to assess the role of weathering as both an OAE initiator and terminator (via CO2 sequestration) during the Early Aptian OAE 1a (Selli Event, ∼120 Ma) the isotopic ratio of lithium isotopes was analysed in three sections of shallow-marine carbonates from the Pacific and Tethyan realms and one basinal pelagic section from the Tethyan domain. Because the isotopic composition of lithium in seawater is largely controlled by continental silicate weathering and high- and low-temperature ...
(Image source: NOAA) ENSO, the global regulator for, generally, how much heat the world ocean system dumps into the atmosphere, remained on the cool side of neutral for much of August 2013. Ocean surface temperatures in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific remained 1 to 2 degrees Celsius below the 1981-2010 average for most of the month.…
Antoine, D., J.-M. Andre, and A. Morel. 1996. Oceanic primary production. 2. Estimation at global scale from satellite (coastal zone color scanner) chlorophyll. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10:57-69.. Armstrong, R.A., C. Lee, J.I. Hedges, S. Honjo, and S.G. Wakeham. 2002. A new mechanistic model for organic carbon fluxes in the ocean based on quantitative association of POC with ballast minerals. Deep-Sea Research II 49:219-236.. Asper, V.L. 1986. Accelerated settling of marine particulate matter by marine snow aggregates. Ph.D. Thesis, MIT/WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography, WHOI-86-12, 189 pp.. Balch, W.M., D.T. Drapeau, J.J. Fritz, B.C. Bowler, and J. Nolan. 2002. Optical backscattering in the Arabian Sea: Continuous underway measurements of particulate inorganic and organic carbon. Deep-Sea Research I 48:2,423-2,452.. Balch, W.M., H.R. Gordon, B.C. Bowler, D.T. Drapeau, and E.S. Booth. 2005. Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging ...
"Oceans". BBC Two. Retrieved 29 October 2018. "Britain's Secret Seas". BBC Two. Retrieved 29 October 2018. "BBC One - Coastal ... In 2008 he co-presented the 8-part BBC Two documentary series Oceans. In 2011 he co-presented the 4-part BBC Two documentary ... "Oceans: Cast: Paul Rose". BBC Two. Retrieved 29 October 2018. "Medals and Awards 1970-2018" (PDF). The Royal Geographical ... series Britain's Secret Seas. Since the mid 2010s, Paul Rose has been involved with a number of walking documentaries made as ...
"Oceans & Seas". Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. Retrieved 5 September 2020. "Goal 15: Life on land". UNDP. Archived ... SDG 14 is to: "Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". The current ... Oceans and fisheries support the global population's economic, social and environmental needs. Oceans are the source of life of ... Increased ocean temperatures and oxygen loss act concurrently with ocean acidification and constitute the "deadly trio" of ...
Sargasso Sea Alliance. Earle, Sylvia (2012). The Sweet Spot in Time. Why the Ocean Matters to Everyone, Everywhere. Virginia ... ISBN 0-87044-343-7. Earle, Sylvia (1996). Sea Change: A Message of the Oceans. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-449-91065-2. Earle, ... ISBN 0-7922-7144-0. Earle, Sylvia (1999). Wild Ocean: America's Parks Under the Sea. National Geographic Society. ISBN 0-7922- ... Earle is part of the group Ocean Elders, which is dedicated to protecting the ocean and its wildlife. Earle gained a large ...
... within deep sea sediment, on the ocean floor and ocean ridges to the ocean surface and coastal margins of oceans. Even remote ... called ocean gyres. Ocean gyres form within all oceans, due to the interaction of global-scale ocean currents. Ocean currents ... Oceans are Earth's deepest and most extensive basins with average depths of the abyssal plains being about 4 km beneath sea ... The resulting impacts of rising sea levels by 20 centimeters since the start of the 20th century and the increase of ocean ...
Fasham, M. J. R. (1971). "Sea-going computers". In M. R. Clarke; P. J. Herring (eds.). Deep Oceans. Arthur Barker Ltd, London. ... Deep-Sea Research Part I. 53 (2): 333-366. Bibcode:2006DSRI...53..333F. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.09.011. Obituary, Ocean ... He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of open ocean plankton ecosystem models. Fasham was born in 1942 in ... Fasham also played an important role in the international Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) that ran from 1987 to 2003, and ...
"Signia Oceans". Sunteck India Group. "Sea Queen Heritage". National Builders. "Palm Paradise". Moraj Infratech. "Akshar El ...
Molluscs of the Indian Ocean, Molluscs of the Pacific Ocean, Bivalves described in 1819, Taxa named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck). ... The native range spans from South Africa to the Red Sea and to the Marshall Islands. Tridacna squamosa is sometimes kept in ... It is one of a number of large clam species native to the shallow coral reefs of the South Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is ... 1267 pp Branch, G.M., Griffiths, C.L., Branch, M.L. & Beckley, L.E. (2010). Two Oceans. A guide to the marine life of southern ...
Lindop, L. (2006). Venturing the Deep Sea. pp. 37-41. Porteaus, J. (1986). "VETERAN ANGUS". Oceans. 19 (1): 23. Yount L. (2006 ... Together, its three cameras were able to photograph a strip of the sea floor with a width up to 200 feet (61 m). Each camera ... ANGUS could remain in the deep ocean for work sessions of 12 to 14 hours at a time, taking up to 16,000 photographs in one ... On the bottom of the body was a downward-facing sonar system to monitor the sled's height above the ocean floor. It was capable ...
"Sea-Monster or Shark: An Alleged Plesiosaur Carcass". www.talkorigins.org. Welfare & Fairley, 1981 Zuiyo Maru Sea Monster ... ISBN 978-1-59228-967-7. John Koster (November 1977). "What Was the New Zealand Monster?". Oceans. San Diego: Trident Publishers ... If it would be shown to be a hitherto unknown animal from the sea, it is as big of a sensation as the discovery of the ... "Sea-Monster or Shark: An Alleged Plesiosaur Carcass". www.talkorigins.org. Sjögren, Bengt, Berömda vidunder, Settern, 1980, ...
This species is distributed in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar and in the Pacific Ocean off the Philippines and Australia. ... Nassarius albescens, common name : the whitish nassa, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family ... 2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine ... biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. Adams, A. (1852-1853). Catalogue of the species of Nassa, a genus of ...
Islands and Oceans. Locks Gallery, Philadelphia, 2004. At Sea. Addison Gallery of American Art, 2006. Early Plate Work. Pace ... With Sea Wall, Bartlett brought together oil painting and sculpture. The piece consists of a large painting of houses and boats ... The result was At Sea, Japan, a waterscape printed on paper whose 6 panels span 8 feet in width. The image is built up from 96 ... "Frame,Work: At Sea, Japan by Jennifer Bartlett". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco website, March 2012. Bickford, Kerry. " ...
in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town ... Godiva quadricolor is a species of sea slug, a nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusc in the family Facelinidae. ...
"Oceans and Seas". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2020. Division for Ocean Affairs ... Area: 23,627 km2 4th largest Kaliningrad (Baltic Sea) - 11,634 km2 Saint Petersburg (Baltic Sea) - 12,759 km2 Barents Sea - ... which has long coastlines with the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, the Ionian Sea to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Areas of its EEZ are located in three oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. Note, the totals in the table actually ...
It is widespread in the Indo-Pacific region from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean along the East African coast to Australia and ... Vine, P. (1986). Red Sea Invertebrates. Immel Publishing, London. 224 pp Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression ... Jorunna funebris, commonly called the dotted nudibranch, is a large species of sea slug. It is a dorid nudibranch, meaning it ... "Synthetic Chemistry Takes Anti-Cancer Compounds out of the Sea Slug and into the Lab". California Institute of Technology. ...
... oceans and seas; biodiversity; desertification, land degradation and drought; and health and non-communicable diseases.[1] ... Climate change is a parallel concern, as the Pacific Rim is also one of the most vulnerable regions to rising sea levels and ... Climate change mostly concerns marine issues, such as the growing frequency and severity of storms, rising sea levels and the ... The Pacific Community Centre for Ocean Science was established in New Caledonia in 2015, hosted by SPC. Construction of the ...
... oceans and seas; forests; vulnerable groups including indigenous peoples; and food security. The critical role of biodiversity ...
2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... page(s): 36 Abbott, R.T. & S.P. Dance (1986). Compendium of sea shells. American Malacologists, Inc:Melbourne, Florida teyn, D. ... Fissurella natalensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Fissurellidae, the keyhole limpets. ... Kilburn, R.N. & Rippey, E. (1982) Sea Shells of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg, xi + 249 pp. ...
Ceto, goddess of the dangers of the ocean and of sea monsters. Charybdis, a sea monster and spirit of whirlpools and the tide. ... Dewi Lanjar, Javanese Queen of the North Sea. Nyai Roro Kidul, Javanese Queen of the South Sea (Indian Ocean). Động Đình Quân, ... Sumiyoshi sanjin, god of ocean and sailing. Susanoo, Shinto god of storms and the sea. Watatsumi, dragon king and ocean god. ... Lir, god of the sea. Sinann, goddess of the River Shannon. Dylan Eil Ton, god of the sea Llŷr, god of the sea. Bandua, theonym ...
Weiss, Kenneth R. (2006-08-02). "Plague of Plastic Chokes the Seas". Part 4: Altered Oceans. Los Angeles Times. Archived from ... It was also a location where those who were lost at sea might eventually wash ashore. Kamilo Beach is approximately 1,500 feet ... The debris is forced onto the beach by constant trade winds and converging ocean currents. The debris is situated on the narrow ... McNarie, Alan D. (5 December 2007). "Sea of plastic". Honolulu Weekly. Archived from the original on 12 February 2015. ...
The additional strategic areas are climate change; environment; migration and urbanization; and oceans and seas. In the ... Tuvalu is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia, with a population of ... The SPC-EU Pacific Deep Sea Minerals Project involves cooperation between the Cook Islands, Fiji, Tonga and Tuvalu with the ... "Tuvalu and Kiribati join countries progressing responsible management of deep seabed minerals". SPC-EU Pacific Deep Sea ...
... "relative land-sea vertical movements at an ocean site". The Isle of the Dead sea level benchmark together with Lempriere's ... Legresy, B. (2017-08-29) Sea Level Rise: Understanding the Past - Improving Projections for the future. CSIRO Oceans and ... CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere. Retrieved 13 April 2020. Haran, B (15 February 2003). "Isle of the Dead gives up clues". BBC News ... A Report on Sea Levels. JSCOT Submission-Section 3". www.aph.gov.au. Canberra, ACT, Australia: Parliament of Australia, Joint ...
"The sea trial of "KAIKO", the full ocean depth research ROV". OCEANS '95. MTS/IEEE. Challenges of Our Changing Global ... Study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors Deep sea - Lowest layer in the ocean Deep-submergence vehicle - Deep-diving ... Shōjirō Ishibashi; Hiroshi Yoshida (March 2008). "Developing a Sediment Sampling ROV for the Deepest Ocean". Sea Technology. ... "Sea Trials of the New ROV ABISMO to Explore the Deepest Parts of Oceans" (PDF). Proceedings of the Eighth (2008) ISOPE Pacific/ ...
The additional strategic areas are climate change; environment; migration and urbanization; and oceans and seas. Tuvalu's ... In the future, sea level rise may threaten to submerge the nation entirely as it is estimated that a sea level rise of 20-40 ... Gradual sea-level rise also allows for coral polyp activity to raise the atolls with the sea level. However, if the increase in ... Gradual sea-level rise also allows for coral polyp activity to increase the reefs. However, if the increase in sea level occurs ...
The additional strategic areas are climate change; environment; migration and urbanization; and oceans and seas. Tuvalu lacks a ...
ISBN 978-87-7975-299-3. "The Narwhal: Unicorn of the Seas" (PDF). Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2013. ... Despite the decreases in sea ice cover, there were several large cases of sea ice entrapment in 2008-2010 in the winter close ... Despite its vulnerability to sea ice change, the narwhal has some flexibility when it comes to sea ice and habitat selection. ... The size of the narwhal, or "unicorn of the sea", as found by Verne, would have been 18.3 m (60 ft). For the narwhal to have ...
Mirror-origin of the Sea of Rhymes Mirror of the Ocean of Rhymes Mirror-source of the Ocean of Rhymes Mirror & Origin of the ... "sea; ocean; big lake; huge group (of people/things); great capacity" jìng 鏡 "mirror; lens; glass" yuán 源 "source (of a river); ... The (c. 780) Yunhai jingyuan 韻海鏡源 Ocean of Rhymes, Mirror of Sources Chinese dictionary, which was compiled by the Tang dynasty ... In the same year, the Yunhailou 韻海樓 "Ocean of Rhymes Building" was constructed as the depository for its namesake Yunhai ...
Haichan combines hǎi 海 "sea; ocean; huge group (of people/things)" and chán 蟾 "toad", used in the compound chánchú 蟾蜍 (蟾諸 or 詹諸 ... "sea toad") designates the toad species Bufo marinus (which is not native to China), while hǎi chányú 海蟾魚 (lit. "sea toad fish ... The English common name sea toad, by contrast, is a catch-all for the deep-sea anglerfish family Chaunacidae. In the Japanese ... Riding you, I shall fly to the palace in the moon / And descend to see the mulberry sea that reaches the clouds beyond the sky ...
Oceans Enterprises. ISBN 0958665729. Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, ... Ocean liners, World War II merchant ships of the United States, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean). ... In 1942, ocean liner President Coolidge accidentally struck two allied mines and sank. One of the world's biggest shipwrecks is ... He returned through one of the sea doors, successfully rescued the men, but was then unable to escape himself and went down ...
"Invasive Tunicates". Fisheries and Oceans Canada. "The carpet sea squirt (Didemnum vexillum)". The Marine Life Information ... It is commonly called sea vomit, marine vomit, pancake batter tunicate, or carpet sea squirt. It is thought to be native to ... By 2014, this tunicate was present in the eastern Atlantic, North Sea and Mediterranean Sea in the Netherlands, the United ... the carpet sea squirt Didemnum vexillum". BMC Genomics. doi:10.1186/s12864-016-2934-5. Species Profile - Sea Squirt (Didemnum ...
ISBN 978-0-5218-9543-9. Lopes, Rosaly; Carroll, Michael (2013). Alien Seas: Oceans in Space. Springer. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-4614- ...
In the spring of 2016 about 12,500 juvenile salmon migrated downriver to the sea during April and May, but less than 1 percent ... And that assumes they won't swim toward the ocean on their own - as they have been doing without our helpful assistance since ... Instead of draining into the ocean, it would be captured by the large Central Valley Project and State Water Project pumping ... above sea level, corresponding to a storage capacity of 438,000 acre⋅ft (540,000 dam3): "We can have a working dam and a wild ...
The rings can be found by conquering cities, digging for treasure and a sea fight. The player must gain enough money to finance ... and later cross the large ocean and visit other islands. Within the game, the player controls directly only the squadron that ...
Some described the Indian Ocean as "a hard sea to get out of" and warned of the "circumambient sea," with all return impossible ... The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea or Red Sea was written by a Greek of the Hellenistic/Romanized Alexandrian in the first ... It provides a shoreline itinerary of the Red (Erythraean) Sea, starting at the port of Berenice. Beyond the Red Sea, the ... On the Red Sea by Agatharchides. Fragments preserved in Diodorus Siculus and Photius. The Periplus of Scymnus of Chios is dated ...
ISBN 978-1-5255-7765-9. "The South Sea scandal". Taranaki Daily News. 14 April 2007. "HMNZS South Sea (T08) (+1942)". Wrecksite ... Shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, Steamships of New Zealand, Troop ships, World War I minelayers, World War I ships of New ... At 5:40 a.m. on 15 August she ran hard aground on the Masela Island Reef off Cape Palsu in the Arafura Sea, being held as far ... On 19 December 1942 Wahine rammed and sank the minesweeping trawler South Sea inside Wellington Harbour. There was no loss of ...
... rocks from the ancient ocean floor are preserved in the Mongol-Okhotsk suture zone extending through Mongolia to the Sea of ... The Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean also known as the Khangai-Khantey Ocean was an ancient ocean, present during the Mesozoic. Oceanic ... Oceans portal List of ancient oceans Van der Voo, van Hinsbergen, Domeier, Spakman, Torsvik (2015). Latest Jurassic-earliest ... During the early Mesozoic, the Solonker Ocean, also known as the Intra-Asian Ocean closed bringing together two large ...
At the time of its settlement, the sand bar at the river mouth was sufficiently high to prevent the passage of most ocean-going ... Finally, the entrance to the lagoon from the sea was a narrow channel blocked by a shifting sand bar, making a seaborne attack ... and there was a rich supply of jungle and sea product to export. The area had a number of water channels leading inland to ...
elements from the sea, such as shells, pearls and strings of seaweed. botanical motifs such as laurel branches, oak leaves, ... from the coastal areas of Africa to the discovery of Brazil and the ocean routes to the Far East. Although the period of this ...
Robert Neff Keely, Gwilym George Davis, In Arctic Seas: the Voyage of the Kite with the Peary Expedition, 2011 p. 373 ... Identifying Spatial Variability in Greenland's Outlet Glacier Response to Ocean Heat Ice front and flow speed variations of ...
Keen M. (1971). Sea shells of Tropical West America. Marine mollusks from Baja California to Perú. (2nd edit.). Stanford ... The type specimen was found in the Pacific Ocean off San Diego, California. Dall & Bartsch (1909), A Monograph of West American ... Turbonilla jewetti is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their ...
Using a captured fleet of ships from the Bosphorus and flat-bottomed boats to cross the Black Sea, they sailed from Black Sea ... gaining a strategic naval advantage as the new capital was on the ocean. On this land he built a strong fortress and built up a ... This battle occurred on the Granicus (Biga Çayı) river near modern-day Biga in Çanakkale, on the south coast of the Sea of ... His first campaign was against Colchis on the eastern shore of the Black Sea, and then extended as far north as Crimea. He next ...
His work combines geochemical and sedimentological methods on ocean sediments acquired through active participation the Ocean ... Jansen, Eystein (January 1983). "Late Weichselian paleoceanography of the southeastern Norwegian Sea". Norsk Geologisk ... Most of his studies are from the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, but his work also encompasses oceans in the Southern Hemisphere ... Jansen has published about 200 scientific papers on the relationship between ocean circulation and climate change with emphasis ...
... keeps ocean water significantly colder than in the Gulf of Mexico and western Atlantic (often sea temperatures over 82 F), ... The Santa Ana winds are actually warm due to barometric pressure increases: As the air is pulled down to sea level from the ... Average annual temperature of sea is 65 °F (18 °C), from 59 °F (15 °C) in January to 72 °F (22 °C) in August. Water ... Since the track of most hurricanes is well to the south of San Diego, and the cold California Current (normally sea ...
This invasive species is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific, from East Africa, including the Red Sea, to Melanesia; north to ... British Indian Ocean Territory, Fiji, Thailand, Comoros, Madagascar, Micronesia and Guam. It can be found on rocks and corals ...
The Great White Fleet passed Gibraltar from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The Namibian village of ... The ferry SS Penguin began sinking off of Cape Terawhiti en route to Wellington, New Zealand, then exploded when the sea's ...
... was filmed near Glacier National Park and in Kalispell, MT, as well as on the ocean in open water. ... he is haunted by visions of being lost at sea, and memories of his former life as a family man. Buster was once Jonah, a ... or in a small rowboat in the middle of an ocean, or both. Rami Malek as Jonás "Jonah" Cueyatl, a hotel concierge turned ...
Order: Suliformes Family: Phalacrocoracidae The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds ... Order: Phaethontiformes Family: Phaethontidae Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long ... Hydrobatidae Northern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They ... Diomedeidae The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. The largest are ...
... , the checkered blenny, is a species of labrisomid blenny native to the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea ...
... ocean allowed for an active cult in which both sailors and unmarried women found solace and prayed for protection on the sea ... The Temple was built on the coast so as to provide easy access from the sea, and so the temple could be seen from the sea and ... sailors and other sea laborers to beseech the deity for smooth traveling on the sea and in love. Thought to be located between ... This Epithet spoke to Aphrodite's ability to soothe the rage of the waves and facilitate a peaceful ocean to cross. Papyrus's ...
Jack, Barbossa, and Carina use the island's magic to part the ocean which opens a path to the Trident on the ocean floor. ... Along with sea footage filmed in both the Australian sets and Key West, Florida, there was extensive usage of water simulations ... Will and the Dutchman then disappear into the sea, but Henry vows to find Jack and the Trident. Nine years later, Henry is a ... Salazar captures Henry and possesses him to walk on the ocean floor and seize the Trident. Once he does so, Henry is given his ...
It provides a fueling service for both local and foreign sea vehicles. Faaf Nilandhoo- Thahaaluf Mosque This is the largest ... Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999. Portal ...
... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies ... This species occurs in the Pacific Ocean off Mazatlán, Mexico. Carpenter, Cat. Mazatlan Shells, 1856, p. 417 WoRMS (2011). ... Sea shells of Tropical West America. Marine mollusks from Baja California to Perú. (2nd edit.). Stanford University Press pp. ...
High seas there damaged a portion of a seawall. Many rivers along the Barahona Peninsula were also flooded. Throughout the ... The hurricane moved slowly over Cuba for two days before emerging into the Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas. It was expected to ... Inez was considered a "dry hurricane", and about 1 in (25 mm) of the precipitation that fell was largely in the form of sea ... Inez eventually turned to a northward drift over central Cuba and emerged into the Atlantic Ocean on October 2. Shortly after ...
It is a tropical blenny, and is known from the South China Sea, in the western Pacific Ocean. The blennies are oviparous, and ...
"1785: Benjamin Franklin's 'Sundry Maritime Observations'". Ocean Explorer: Readings for ocean explorers. NOAA Office of Ocean ... It took many years for British sea captains to adopt Franklin's advice on navigating the current; once they did, they were able ... Deborah's fear of the sea meant that she never accompanied Franklin on any of his extended trips to Europe; another possible ... It contained ideas for sea anchors, catamaran hulls, watertight compartments, shipboard lightning rods and a soup bowl designed ...
On the way, he is shipwrecked on an island in the Aegean Sea, and there meets the daughter of the pirate whose men later sell ... Which makes me wish you'd change your lakes for ocean - Dedication: stanza V. Individually: And Coleridge, too, has lately ... There is about them a wide wholesome air, full of vivid light and constant wind, which is only felt at sea. Life undulates and ... Adrift in the Aegean Sea, they soon exhaust their supplies of food and eat Don Juan's dog. Afterwards, the sailors turn ...
During the first two days of the sea phase, the navies conducted anti-warfare drills including a United States Navy Boeing P-8 ... the 2005 event was postponed to 2006 due to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami; and the 2020 edition was cancelled ... The 2022 edition included a harbour phase (25-28 February) followed by a sea phase (1-4 March). The Indian Navy stated that a " ... Over the next days of the sea phase, cross-deck landing operations were conducted during helicopter operations and fleet tanker ...
North Franklin Mountain is the highest peak in the city at 7,192 ft (2,192 m) above sea level. The peak can be seen from 60 mi ... From the Great River to the Great Ocean. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Co. p. 238. Orton, Richard H., ed. (1890). ... The gondolas travel along two 2,600-foot (790 m) 1+3⁄8-diameter steel cables to Ranger Peak, 5,632 feet (1,717 m) above sea ... The city's elevation is 3,740 ft (1,140 m) above sea level. ...
... the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, during the allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. For the Royal Navy, Royal Marines ... In the background are ocean waves and just off-centre near the right upper rim is the risen sun of Victory. The years "1914" ... Merchant seamen qualified for the British War Medal in addition to the Mercantile Marine War Medal if they served at sea for ... Eligibility was subsequently extended to cover service in 1919 and 1920 in mine-clearing at sea as well as participation in ...
... , common name the flame-patterned burnupena, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the ... 2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg "Burnupena catarrhacta". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 ...
The extratropical system eventually crossed over Kamchatka and entered the open ocean. Although no monetary value of all damage ... The typhoon quickly crossed over Hokkaidō before entering the Sea of Okhotsk as a tropical storm. Nancy went extratropical on ...
Attractions: all or any part of the SEA LIFE Bangkok. Merlin/Us/We/Our: Siam Ocean World Bangkok Co Ltd whose registered office ... Adult is 11 and over at SEA LIFE Bangkok.. *Entry is free for children under 3 years of age at SEA LIFE Bangkok. Any person who ... Adult is 11 and over at SEA LIFE Bangkok.. *Entry is free for children under 3 years of age at SEA LIFE Bangkok. Any person who ... SEA LIFE Bangkok recommends:. SEA LIFE Bangkok is not responsible for personal belongings. However, information about items ...
Home › Antarctica Vector Maps › Oceans & Seas Professional Quality Adobe Illustrator Vector Maps - Download 24/7. Antarctica ...
Researchers found startling amounts of plastic in the bodies of nearly 100 sea turtle hatchlings that washed ashore on the ... Plastic pollution in the ocean is a growing threat to the survival of sea turtles, endangering the life cycle of these ancient ... "Sea turtles tell us the health of the ocean. The ocean tells us the health of the planet." ... Animals, Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Environment, Herps, Microplastics, Oceans, Plastic, Pollution, Sea Turtles, UCSC, ...
... part in a month-long National Geographic expedition to study the impact of climate change on coral reefs in the Pacific Ocean ... Surveying the pristine seas of the Pacific Ocean. Dr Keiron Fraser takes part in a month-long expedition run by National ... Assessing the health of our ocean. In 2021, Dr Keiron Fraser was invited to join the National Geographic Pristine Seas team as ... The aim of the National Geographic Pristine Seas programme is to identify the most pristine areas left in the ocean and ...
Sustainable development goals (‎SDGs)‎ : Goal 14 : Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for ... Health, the global ocean and marine resources: policy brief  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎World ... The atmospheric input of trace species to the world ocean / IMO/FAO/UNESCO/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the ... SDG 14 focuses on conserving and sustainably using the global ocean and its resources, while ... ...
Ocean Ones demonstrated ability to distance humans physically from dangerous and unreachable spaces, while connecting their ... Ocean Ones demonstrated ability to distance humans physically from dangerous and unreachable spaces, while connecting their ... be it deep in oceans and mines, on mountain tops, or in space. ... be it deep in oceans and mines, on mountain tops, or in space. ... The discussion focuses on the development of Ocean One, a bimanual humanoid robotic diver that brings intuitive haptic physical ...
Rebecca Gomperts is a Dutch doctor and founder of Women on Waves, a group that provides access at sea to medical abortions , ... In Mexico, where The Outlaw Ocean Project accompanied Gomperts on several of her missions, the first trip out to sea was taken ... Ian Urbina is the director of The Outlaw Ocean Project, a non-profit journalism organization based in Washington DC that ... These two stories are told in detail in the fourth episode of The Outlaw Ocean podcast, from CBC Podcasts and the L.A. Times. ...
Understanding ocean movement is important as some 70 percent of the planets surface is covered by ocean water; increased ... SEE ALSO Moorings and Platforms ; Ocean Currents ; Ocean Mixing ; Oceanography from Space . ... Within a few years, sea-surface temperature, wave height, variations in sea surface contours, ice cover, chlorophyll content, ... Instruments on satellites can measure ocean height and thereby allow estimations of ocean surface temperature. Spectral studies ...
Oceans and Seas: rhymes, crafts, quizzes, information, coloring pages, and printouts related to the seas. ... Ocean Art. Ocean Explorers. Ocean Info. Rhymes. Various Languages. All Activities Ocean and Sea Rhymes:. Mary, Mary, Quite ... Sea Star. Sea stars, another name for starfish, are animals that live on the ocean floor.. Sea Turtle. Sea turtles are large ... Oceans and Seas Explorers. Undersea Explorers. What Ocean Item Am I? Worksheet Printout. Oceans and Seas - Spelling and WRiting ...
Despite an environment that humans would find deadly, life thrives around hydrothermal vents on the seafloor. Hydrothermal vents are areas where mineral-rich water spews out from the seafloor. The mineral-rich water is formed by seawater seeping through Earths crust and then being heated by magma. Microbial communities that live around the vents can convert the minerals and chemicals in the water into energy through a process called chemosynthesis. These microbes then serve as the base of a food web that supports a whole array of organisms living near the vents, far away from the reach of the Sun.
Sustainable development goals (‎SDGs)‎ : Goal 14 : Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for ... Health, the global ocean and marine resources: policy brief  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎World ... The atmospheric input of trace species to the world ocean / IMO/FAO/UNESCO/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the ... SDG 14 focuses on conserving and sustainably using the global ocean and its resources, while ... ...
Deep-sea mining - plans are taking shape. Deep-sea mining - plans are taking shape. > The presence of valuable resources such ... Unlike in the flat deep-sea plains, no sediments are deposited on the slopes of the seamounts. Ocean currents wash away sinking ... Supporters of deep-sea mining therefore point out that:. *For deep-sea mining it would not be necessary for forests to be ... Sea-floor massive sulphides are metal-sulphur compounds (metal sulphides) that form at hydrothermal vents on the sea floor, in ...
Seas & Oceans. Explore the depths of the sea and oceans with our spectacular underwater wall murals. Surround yourself with ... Take a ride on the backs of the numerous loggerhead sea turtles for a dive deep down to the ocean floor. The ocean is a ... Under the Sea Murals. For the enthusiasts of deep ocean fishing there is a vast collection of underwater artwork. Our ... There is so much to see under the sea, deep in the ocean or on a coral reef. Being under the water with numerous aquatic ...
Download this Free Vector about Ocean and sea nautical badges, and discover more than 41 Million Professional Graphic Resources ... www.freepik.com/free-vector/ocean-sea-nautical-badges_715823.htm. ...
Name 3 European seas. [e.g. Mediterranean Sea, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Black Sea…] ... Ocean governance*. Ocean Governance Forum*. Interactive Stakeholders Conferences*3rd International Ocean Governance Forum ... Ocean governance*. Ocean Governance Forum*. Interactive Stakeholders Conferences*3rd International Ocean Governance Forum ... Students might have to add the countries map on top of the map on the limits of the oceans and seas to find the answer as shown ...
A sea is smaller than an ocean. Seas are located where the land and ocean meet. The sea is a part of the ocean that is ... A fifth ocean, the Southern, also exists. The oceans of the world comprise 71 percent of the Earths surface. Seas may be ... seas are mostly enclosed by land and have limited ability to share a current with an adjoining ocean or larger sea. Seas may ... What Is the Difference Between Sea and Ocean?. By Staff WriterLast Updated March 25, 2020 ...
Three sea lions, one adult and two juveniles, were released from the care of the Marine Mammal Center in the Marin Headlands on ... Three rescued and rehabilitated sea lions released into ocean. Published April 27, 2015. ...
At SEA LIFE Hunstanton you will find out more about what SEA LIFE and the SEA LIFE Trust are doing to help threatened marine ... Ocean Tunnel. Our amazing Ocean display holds 187,500 litres of natural seawater and is home to over 30 amazingly different ... Hunstanton SEA LIFE Sanctuary is home to Norfolks only seal sanctuary open to visitors. Youll be able to follow the journey of ... Youll start your journey through the depths of the ocean in the Bay of Rays. Here you will find an assortment of amazing ...
Save Our Seas offers answers to these questions and others, and offers a map of the oceans, an overview of ocean life, and ... What are oceans? What causes waves? Save Our Seas offers answers to these questions and others, and offers a map of the oceans ... an overview of ocean life, and descriptions of the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and other oceans. Choose to have the animated ...
... ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/invertebrates/transparent-sea-cucumber Transparent Sea Cucumber ... Other Languages Search Smithsonian Ocean Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Follow us on Flickr Follow us on Tumbr ... Census of Marine Life researchers discovered this unusual transparent sea cucumber (Enypniastes sp.) in the Gulf of Mexico at ... or learn more about the deep sea. ... Smithsonian Ocean. Main Menu. * Ocean Life * Marine Mammals * ...
The oceans can be deep or shallow, they can be more or less tidal, and they can include unique environments such as volcanic ... The life that inhabits the worlds oceans has almost infinite variety. It remains an untapped source of diversity. ... Researchers explore seas and oceans to discover novel antibiotics and other medical compounds. *Download PDF Copy ... The SeaBioTech project, started in 2012, is intended to close some of these knowledge gaps by looking in the seas and oceans ...
This reed diffuser is scented with hints of sea salt, white tea, and coconut. ... Shop Ocean Mist and Sea Salt Diffuser by NEST New York at Sephora. ... Ocean Mist & Sea Salt Reed Diffuser. 11,Ask a question,. 2.3K ...
Ocean Spirits Leatherback Sea Turtle Project, Grenada. This is an ongoing opportunity located in Sauteurs, Grenada. ... Volunteering with Ocean Spirits will give you a hands-on field experience with the worlds largest sea turtle. You will also be ... As a research assistant on the sea turtle volunteer programme you will have the chance to get involved with many duties. These ... Take part in leatherback sea turtle monitoring, research, and community outreach programmes on the island of Grenada in the ...
... examined the relationship between long-term exposure to domoic acid and fatal heart disease in southern sea otters, a ... Heart disease is a killer threat for southern sea otters feasting on domoic acid in their food web, according to a study led by ... Ocean Toxin a Heartbreaking Threat for Sea Otters Domoic Acid Raises Risk of Fatal Heart Disease for Otters in a Warming Ocean ... Climate Science Oceans One Health Institute Sea Otters Climate Change School of Veterinary Medicine Women in STEM Headline ...
Traveling Prehistoric Seas: Boats, the Oceans, and Archaeological Evidence for Precolumbian Voyages. ... "Traveling Prehistoric Seas: Boats, the Oceans, and Archaeological Evidence for Precolumbian Voyages" ...
The high seas make up about two-thirds of the worlds ocean, covering the vast expanses beyond the jurisdiction of any country. ... Nichola Clark, an officer with The Pew Charitable Trusts protecting ocean life on the high seas project, co-authored a letter ... Making up roughly two-thirds of the ocean and covering nearly half of the planets surface, the high seas support abundant ... Ocean, People, Planet. There is only one ocean, essential to the life of everyone on Earth-and it faces perils like never ...
... oceans, bays and gulfs. Note that Atlantic and Pacific Ocean have been divided up into North and South. ... Seas And Oceans Of The World - Quiz Information. This is an online quiz called Seas And Oceans Of The World ... some seas, oceans, bays and gulfs. Note that Atlantic and Pacific Ocean have been divided up into North and South. ... some seas, oceans, bays and gulfs. Note that Atlantic and Pacific Ocean have been divided up into North and South. ...
... ocean, sea icon in filled outline style from the Summer category. Available in PNG and SVG formats. ...
Related cross stitch designs: [Seas and Oceans] By The Sea (chart) Product No: 721153 Supplier Code: BTS Designer/Artist: ... Related cross stitch designs: [beaches] [Seas and Oceans] Beyond the Sea (chart) Product No: 817735 Supplier Code: H20-2399 ... Related cross stitch designs: [Seas and Oceans] Black Sea at Night, The (chart) Product No: 823753 Supplier Code: 42218 ... Related cross stitch designs: [Seas and Oceans] An Attack on a Galleon - Howard Pyle (chart) Product No: 689559 Supplier Code: ...
  • In 2021, Dr Keiron Fraser was invited to join the National Geographic Pristine Seas team as a guest scientist on an expedition to the Southern Line Islands, part of the Republic of Kiribati and Tahiti. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Nichola Clark, an officer with The Pew Charitable Trusts' protecting ocean life on the high seas project, co-authored a letter published in Science on June 4, 2021, that sets out key priorities for negotiations on an international treaty to safeguard biodiverse waters beyond any nation's jurisdiction. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Sea level rise, ocean heating, ocean acidification and greenhouse gas concentrations all reached record levels last year , according to the World Meteorological Organization's state of the global climate report in 2021. (motherjones.com)
  • Smaller and smaller pieces of single-use plastic are ending up in the stomachs of juvenile sea turtles off the coast of Florida. (mongabay.com)
  • Increasing amounts of plastic entering the ocean and disintegrating into microscopic bits have increased the risk that sea turtles will choke on or struggle to pass plastic debris, making it harder for them to reach adulthood. (mongabay.com)
  • Plastic pollution in the ocean is a growing threat to the survival of sea turtles, endangering the life cycle of these ancient marine globetrotters, according to a new study. (mongabay.com)
  • Baby sea turtles spend their formative years drifting through life, clinging to large masses of seaweed for shelter and snacking on floating food for survival. (mongabay.com)
  • Researchers from the LMC and the University of Georgia used a recent rescue project to examine what small sea turtles were eating. (mongabay.com)
  • They recovered 96 post-hatchling and juvenile sea turtles from a 118-kilometer (75-mile) strip of the coast between Vero Beach and Lake Worth, Florida, from July 2015 to November 2016. (mongabay.com)
  • The study also revealed countless microscopic and nanoscopic plastic particles in the sea turtles' gastrointestinal tracts. (mongabay.com)
  • Post-hatchling sea turtles are opportunistic eaters whose diets reflect what is circulating through our interconnected ocean environments, Manire said: "Sea turtles tell us the health of the ocean. (mongabay.com)
  • 2018). Ingested micronizing plastic particle compositions and size distributions within stranded post-hatchling sea turtles. (mongabay.com)
  • Take a ride on the backs of the numerous loggerhead sea turtles for a dive deep down to the ocean floor. (photowall.com)
  • From turtles and dolphins to sharks and whales, our wall murals have the perfect artwork to make every day feel like a day under the ocean. (photowall.com)
  • A fluther of jellyfish can be seen gliding around the corals and an occasional bale of sea turtles digging on the seabed. (photowall.com)
  • PORT ARANSAS, Texas - One local organization was joined by dozens of excited spectators in Port Aransas on Saturday to release 10 rehabilitated sea turtles back into the ocean. (kristv.com)
  • Amos Rehabilitation Keep (The ARK) released the sea turtles around 10 a.m at beach marker 35 on Mustang Island in Port Aransas. (kristv.com)
  • One Loggerhead, four Kemp's Ridley, and five Green sea turtles were released. (kristv.com)
  • The Kemp's Ridley sea turtles had been in the care of the ARK since December after 20 were shipped to them as part of a nationwide effort to rehabilitate the turtles after a large cold-stun event in the Northeast. (kristv.com)
  • We've seen the big sea-turtles at the turtle crawls in Key West, but that's not like seeing them in their natural habitat. (thriftyfun.com)
  • When I was 22 years old, after finishing my undergraduate degree in biology, I started a very small community project conserving endangered sea turtles in northern Peru. (cnn.com)
  • In one month, we had over 100 local volunteers reporting sea turtle strandings and fishermen were reporting sea turtles that were entangled in their fishing nets. (cnn.com)
  • Kerstin Forsberg: For me, sea turtles became the tip of the iceberg. (cnn.com)
  • Newly hatched turtles must find the ocean without getting eaten by predators or wandering off-course. (sicb.org)
  • And according to Dr. Mike Salmon, a biology professor at Florida Atlantic University, "Vision seems to be the major way in which all species of sea turtles find the ocean. (sicb.org)
  • At night, when most sea turtles hatch, the moonlight and starlight reflect off the surface of the water, creating a soft glow that acts as a beacon for the tiny turtles. (sicb.org)
  • Sam Trail, a graduate student researcher at Florida Atlantic University, explained that, contrary to expectations, sea turtles have eyes that are specialized for seeing during the day, not at night. (sicb.org)
  • But the hatchling sea turtles' nighttime journey led scientists to wonder just how sensitive their eyes actually are to dim lights. (sicb.org)
  • Lisa Celano, another researcher at Florida Atlantic University, decided to answer this question by running a behavioral experiment with two species of sea turtles: loggerheads and green turtles. (sicb.org)
  • While working with Salmon and other colleagues, Celano collected sea turtles of both species as soon as they hatched and took them back to the lab. (sicb.org)
  • Y-maze used to test hatchling sea turtles' light sensitivity. (sicb.org)
  • This experiment, which was published in the Journal of Comparative Physiology A, demonstrated that both loggerhead and green sea turtles had similar light sensitivity. (sicb.org)
  • Although both loggerheads and green turtles showed this pattern, it was not clear if all sea turtles shared their same degree of light sensitivity. (sicb.org)
  • Sam Trail and Mike Salmon decided to take on the challenge of replicating this experiment with the highly unique leatherback sea turtles. (sicb.org)
  • Leatherbacks are the most distantly related species to all other sea turtles, and they differ dramatically in their size, shape, and behavior. (sicb.org)
  • Despite the unique features of adult leatherbacks, such as their massive size and their jellyfish-only diet, hatchlings have the same seafinding challenge as other sea turtles. (sicb.org)
  • One potential reason for the difference between leatherback vision and that of other sea turtles is the unique lifestyle of adult leatherbacks. (sicb.org)
  • Why have Pacific leatherback sea turtles almost disappeared? (earthwatch.org)
  • The world's ocean temperatures in 2020 were the third highest on record, and all five of the oceans' hottest years on record occurred in the past five years. (ucdavis.edu)
  • To work with the United Nations and member governments to finalize text for a high seas conservation treaty by the end of 2020. (pewtrusts.org)
  • The Republic of Palau will host the 2020 edition of the Our Oceans conference, an event designed as a forum for ocean leaders to commit to positive changes related to marine protected areas, climate change, sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, sustainable blue economy and maritime security. (sea-technology.com)
  • Everything you wanted to know about the Baltic Sea is now available in one place. (europa.eu)
  • Since the end of World War II, ocean dumping has occurred in many areas, such as the Baltic Sea (Mazurek et al. (cdc.gov)
  • Fucus vesiculosus is a type of brown seaweed that grows in the Baltic Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and North Pacific Ocean. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Consider for a moment that even though oceans cover 70 percent of the planet's surface, humans have explored less than 5 percent of these dark depths. (pinterest.com)
  • Save Our Seas offers answers to these questions and others, and offers a map of the oceans, an overview of ocean life, and descriptions of the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and other oceans. (techlearning.com)
  • The plan is for the project to sample organisms from a wide range of marine environments, ranging from the cold Atlantic sea off Scotland to the volcanically-active region near the Mediterranean island of Santorini. (news-medical.net)
  • Note that Atlantic and Pacific Ocean have been divided up into North and South. (purposegames.com)
  • The pace and extent of the changes to summer sea ice cover, along with regional air temperatures and advection of waters from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, are linked to the spatial patterns of late summer sea surface temperature. (salon.com)
  • The area was covered in large sea sponges, despite having lower productivity and nutrient fluxes than other sea sponge grounds in the North Atlantic Ocean. (mongabay.com)
  • The region consists of the Antilles, divided into the larger Greater Antilles which bound the sea on the north, the Lesser Antilles on the south and east (including the Leeward Antilles), the Bahamas, and the Turks and Caicos Islands or the Lucayan Archipelago, which are in fact in the Atlantic Ocean north of Cuba, not in the Caribbean Sea. (cdc.gov)
  • At the crossroads of the three continents that border the Atlantic, there is an obligatory stop in the middle of the ocean - the archipelago of Cabo Verde. (who.int)
  • In the effort to protect our oceans, the Save Our Seas Foundation funds and supports research, conservation and education projects worldwide, focusing primarily on charismatic threatened wildlife and their habitats. (saveourseas.com)
  • Our amazing Ocean display holds 187,500 litres of natural seawater and is home to over 30 amazingly different species of fish and our majestic Green Sea Turtle, Ernie! (visitsealife.com)
  • That's worrisome for the long-term population recovery of southern sea otters, which are a threatened species," said lead author Megan Moriarty, a wildlife veterinarian who conducted this research for her Ph.D. in epidemiology at UC Davis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Warming Arctic Ocean conditions are being associated with an increase in harmful algae species that have been responsible for toxic algal blooms in the Arctic Ocean. (salon.com)
  • Anybody who eats seafood should be concerned, because the Bering Sea produces more than half of America's seafood catch," Margaret Williams, managing director of the Arctic Program at the The World Wide Fund for Nature, told Salon, adding many other "sea ice-dependent species" like polar bears and walruses have seen their habitats dwindling. (salon.com)
  • While strict quotas are intended to maintain stock numbers, mackerel and other species of fish are being hauled from the seas in their tens of thousands. (scotsman.com)
  • This behavior, called seafinding, is hardwired in all sea turtle species. (sicb.org)
  • This indicator shows trends of marine non-indigenous species per pathway of introduction recorded in European seas since 1950. (europa.eu)
  • In the absence of data on trends of invasive alien species in European seas, trends in marine NIS (i.e. all introduced species that have the potential to become invasive) is used as a proxy. (europa.eu)
  • Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. (europa.eu)
  • Sea otters were hunted to near extinction in the 1800s and were listed as a threatened species. (cdc.gov)
  • Define a keystone species and discuss what we have learned about ecosystem health and human health risks from studying sea otter health. (cdc.gov)
  • Marine littering, pollution, climate change and overexploitation are threatening our ability to sustainably use the ocean, seas and coasts. (europa.eu)
  • Yet SDG (sustainable development goal) 14 (to conserve and sustainably use the ocean seas and marine environment for sustainable development) is the least funded of all the SDGs, Guterres said. (motherjones.com)
  • To date, the Pristine Seas programme has played a part of, or led the creation of 23 Marine Protected Areas totalling over 6 million square kilometres. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • At SEA LIFE Hunstanton you will find out more about what SEA LIFE and the SEA LIFE Trust are doing to help threatened marine life. (visitsealife.com)
  • Census of Marine Life researchers discovered this unusual transparent sea cucumber ( Enypniastes sp. (si.edu)
  • See more cool zooplankton discovered by the Census of Marine Life , or learn more about the deep sea . (si.edu)
  • The study, published in the journal Harmful Algae, examined the relationship between long-term exposure to domoic acid and fatal heart disease in southern sea otters, a threatened marine mammal. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Sea otters are an amazing indicator of what's happening in the coastal environment, not just to other marine animals, but to us, too, especially on the issue of domoic acid," said Christine K. Johnson, director of the EpiCenter for Disease Dynamics in the One Health Institute at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine and senior author of the study. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Research has shown that the high seas hold some of the largest reservoirs of biodiversity on Earth, supporting abundant fisheries, providing migratory routes for whales and sharks, and harboring remarkable ecosystems such as deep-water corals and other majestic marine life. (pewtrusts.org)
  • A patchwork of rules and regulations provides little to protect marine life from commercial activities such as fishing, oil and gas exploration, and deep-sea mining, all of which are expanding. (pewtrusts.org)
  • The designation of marine protected areas and reserves-the equivalent of national parks at sea-would be a good first step toward providing the needed protection. (pewtrusts.org)
  • To ensure that the treaty provides mechanisms for establishing marine protected areas and marine reserves on the high seas, as well as a process for conducting environmental impact assessments. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Making up roughly two-thirds of the ocean and covering nearly half of the planet's surface, the high seas support abundant fisheries, serve as migratory routes for whales and sharks, and harbor remarkable ecosystems such as deep-water corals and other majestic marine life. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Ocean and marine data management infrastructure. (europa.eu)
  • Joana Xavier, a researcher specializing in deep-sea biodiversity at the University of Porto's Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, who was also not involved in the study, said nothing like these trails had ever been previously reported. (mongabay.com)
  • The work around education aims to increase ocean literacy and marine education in schools. (cnn.com)
  • Fauna & Flora International's Project Manager for Scotland Rebecca Plant said: "Coastal communities across Scotland are well-placed to harness solutions to ensure healthy, well-managed seas, and many communities are looking to play a greater role in decisions around local and national marine management. (scotsman.com)
  • No matter the size or reason, your gift will play an invaluable role in the future of the ocean and have a positive effect on all who care about healthy oceans, the marine life and people who depend upon them. (oceanfdn.org)
  • Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists, worlds usually out of sight and reach: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. (semcoop.com)
  • Working alongside scientists at sea and in labs in Monterey Bay, Hawai'i, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the Sargasso Sea and at undersea volcanoes in the eastern Pacific, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine biologists to see the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. (semcoop.com)
  • A discussion will follow, lead by Washington Sea Grant's Marine Habitat Specialist, Jim Brennan. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • Jeff Adams is a Washington Sea Grant Marine Water Quality Specialist, affiliated with the University of Washington's College of the Environment , and based in Bremerton. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • Upon entering the ocean, plastic waste disrupts marine ecosystems, migrates to central locations and forms trash gyres such as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which covers an area more than 1.6 million square kilometers. (pollutiononline.com)
  • The team found that an assortment of marine organisms colonizes on the polyurethane foam and biodegrades the material back to their starting chemicals, which are consumed as nutrients by these microorganisms, in the ocean environment. (pollutiononline.com)
  • Because many marine organisms - like clams, oysters, sea urchins and corals - use calcium carbonate to build their shells, he said acidic oceans pose a real threat to local fisheries. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • The theme of the conference is the critical need for scientific knowledge and marine technology to build ocean resilience. (motherjones.com)
  • A massive marine heat wave that caused record warming of the ocean waters off the Pacific Coast five years ago, causing fisheries to crash and malnourished sea lions to appear on beaches across California and other Pacific states, is back, scientists said Thursday. (record-bee.com)
  • 2013). Invading European seas: assessing pathways of introduction of marine aliens. (europa.eu)
  • EXPRESS data and information are intended to guide wise use of living marine resources and habitats, inform ocean energy and mineral resource decisions, and improve offshore hazard assessments. (usgs.gov)
  • High-energy ocean processes are presently transporting and depositing sediment such that PGM- bearing alluvial and marine sediments are reworked and later masked by barren littoral drift of glacial origin. (cdc.gov)
  • As such, OCPs dynamics in deeper oceans may play an important role in OCPs cycling in the marine environment. (bvsalud.org)
  • By Daniel de la Calle Three years ago you really needed to scrape at the bottom of the barrel to come up with news on the web about Ocean Acidification. (aseachange.net)
  • By Daniel de la Callehttp://www.danieldelacalle.com/ Gone is 2012, the hottest or coldest year in recent history depending on where you live, gone too are the days of Ocean Acidification information famine. (aseachange.net)
  • By Daniel de la Calle Media Matters for America (by "America" they mean the USA) released a study last week showing the "Kardashians get 40 times more news coverage than Ocean Acidification", which was great news for the Kardashians, for Ocean Acidification and for me. (aseachange.net)
  • By Daniel de la Calle Decanted from the speedy flow of information here are a handful of the latest news on Ocean Acidification: ≈≈≈The Third International Symposium on The Ocean in a High-CO2 World took place at the end of last month. (aseachange.net)
  • Searching online today, the 12th of April of 2013, for the term Ocean Acidification brings up 1.900.000 pages. (aseachange.net)
  • And the acidification of the oceans may be occurring 100 times faster than at any other time in the last 200,000 years. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • According to Green, who is also an oyster farmer and nationally recognized expert on ocean acidification, ice core from glaciers in Antarctica measuring carbon levels over the past 800,000 years have shown that increased C02 levels correspond with the birth of the Industrial Revolution. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • Green said that the Gulf of Maine is more susceptible to ocean acidification than other regions of the U.S. because C02 is more soluble in cold water than at warmer temperatures, which makes local waters acidify at a faster rate. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • Researchers working with the group Friends of Casco Bay have found several barren mudflats where they believe shellfish can't live due to increasing levels of ocean acidification. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • António Guterres says the world must act on sea levels, ocean heating, acidification, and plastics. (motherjones.com)
  • Our coral reef wallpapers will make a picturesque reformation of your living space with a collection of remarkable images of sea creatures. (photowall.com)
  • We studied ocean and sea creatures for two weeks in May. (teachers.net)
  • The students traced sea creatures using templates or drew and cut-out sea life. (teachers.net)
  • Then the sea creatures were taped onto the windows. (teachers.net)
  • 2. The students will draw pictures of ocean creatures, using sidewalk chalk, as they move around a table that has been covered with bulletin board paper. (teachers.net)
  • Fruit-flavored gummy sharks or other sea creatures were added to the Jell-o when it was slightly set. (teachers.net)
  • 4. Tell them that they are going to pretend that they are creatures under the sea and are swimming around. (teachers.net)
  • 7. Continue this activity until the "ocean" is full of creatures. (teachers.net)
  • A new study suggests that sea sponges are moving across the seafloor of the Arctic Ocean, which challenges the idea that these creatures are primarily immobile. (mongabay.com)
  • Out at sea, tiny zooplankton, which includes copepods, come alive at night, when they're less likely to end up in the jaws of larger sea creatures. (opb.org)
  • These creatures have adapted from a life on the sea floor to a life in the open ocean, with their muscular foot transformed into two wing-like structures, which they use to 'fly' up and down through the water. (eurekalert.org)
  • From the ethereal mating dance of seahorses to octopus tentacles emerging from a watery fog, Jean Painlevé presented common sea creatures as both scientific specimens and as works of art. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Many sea creatures have improved their survival through the evolutionary development of offensive and defensive systems that are often elaborate mechanisms for delivering poison or venom to prey or predator. (medscape.com)
  • This can be defined as the bottom of the world's oceans at water depths greater than 200 metres. (worldoceanreview.com)
  • Explore the depths of the sea and oceans with our spectacular underwater wall murals. (photowall.com)
  • You'll start your journey through the depths of the ocean in the Bay of Rays. (visitsealife.com)
  • Select the map on the limits of the oceans and seas and let students explore in an interactive way the map to answer some questions. (europa.eu)
  • Sea Life Explore aquatic animals, plants and seaweeds that inspire everything from cinematic monsters to tasty dishes to local economies. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • First of all, simply because the ocean is our planet's main life-support system. (cnn.com)
  • Robotic avatars will search for and acquire materials, build infrastructure, and perform disaster-prevention and recovery operations - be it deep in oceans and mines, on mountain tops, or in space. (videolectures.net)
  • One striking wall mural depicts a company of angelfish swimming along the ocean currents in search of food. (photowall.com)
  • Physical oceanography studies the many factors that influence the movement of ocean waters. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • Members of the United Nations are negotiating a treaty that would enable the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), including the international waters known as the high seas. (pewtrusts.org)
  • However, climate change could cause big swings in ocean conditions, leaving these tiny copepods to face an inhospitable environment, including warmer, more acidic and increasingly hypoxic waters, which don't carry all the oxygen that sea life needs to thrive. (opb.org)
  • A stark reminder of the peril facing our seas and oceans was provided by a television documentary team whose work highlighted the threat of demand and supply on our coastal waters. (scotsman.com)
  • The secretary general referred to the positive news since the last UN Ocean conference in 2017, including progress on a legally binding instrument to conserve and protect biodiversity in waters beyond national jurisdiction-part of the draft UN high seas treaty- and last week's World Trade Organization agreement to curb harmful fishing subsidies . (motherjones.com)
  • The ocean phenomenon, which researchers called "The Blob" when it appeared in 2014 and 2015, sent ocean waters to record temperatures. (record-bee.com)
  • Consequently, sulfur mustard is found in ocean waters at several sites around the world. (cdc.gov)
  • Abortion is legal on the high seas. (univision.com)
  • The high seas make up about two-thirds of the world's ocean, covering the vast expanses beyond the jurisdiction of any country. (pewtrusts.org)
  • But the high seas lack consistent and effective oversight. (pewtrusts.org)
  • In an area that is part of the global commons, the challenge starts with establishing an international legal instrument to create high seas reserves. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Pew is working to meet that challenge, primarily though the United Nations, which has committed to negotiate an international treaty to protect the high seas. (pewtrusts.org)
  • To encourage United Nations member states to identify criteria and management proposals for potential high seas protected areas. (pewtrusts.org)
  • In March, UN member states were criticized by scientists and environmentalists for failing to agree on a blueprint for protecting the high seas against exploitation. (motherjones.com)
  • Of the 64 percent of the high seas that lie beyond territorial limits, only 1.2 percent is currently protected. (motherjones.com)
  • The Southern Lines are of particular interest to the Pristine Seas programme, as their first expedition was run to these islands in 2009 and there is additional data available from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 2013 and 2017, thereby providing a detailed time series of the condition of these remote reefs. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • To identify the ecological drivers of heart disease, the scientists combined several domoic acid datasets with detailed life history data from 186 free-ranging southern sea otters in California from 2001 to 2017. (ucdavis.edu)
  • One of the more remarkable features of Arctic sea ice in 2018 was the dearth of ice in the Bering Sea, which was at a record low extent for virtually the entire 2017/18 ice season," the report stated. (salon.com)
  • Samples were collected during the 10th Indian Southern Ocean expedition (SOE-10) in the year 2017. (bvsalud.org)
  • Plastic disintegrates and degrades in the ocean from sun exposure and natural currents. (mongabay.com)
  • Results indicate the important role of ocean currents in mediating the transport and detection of OCPs. (bvsalud.org)
  • Near the edge of the coastal shelf, off the shore of Grays Harbor, Washington, a 10-foot-long net the shape of two bongo drums slowly lowered into the inky black sea. (opb.org)
  • Ocean Conservancy®, International Coastal Cleanup®, Trash Free Seas®, Trash Free Seas Alliance®, Global Ghost Gear Initiative®, Urban Ocean® and Clean Swell® are registered trademarks of Ocean Conservancy. (oceanconservancy.org)
  • Sea Grant, DOE, NOAA Fisheries partner to invest $1M+ to support research for the co-existence of ocean energy with Northeast fishing and coastal communities The Northeast Sea Grant Consortium, in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Energy. (uri.edu)
  • Stay connected through our monthly newsletter, Ocean and Coastal News. (uri.edu)
  • He made several recommendations, including sustainable management that could help the ocean produce six times as much food and generate 40 times as much renewable energy as it does currently, and protecting the oceans and people in coastal areas from the impacts of the climate crisis. (motherjones.com)
  • Ocean and Coastal Management , 76: 64-74. (europa.eu)
  • While sea butterflies graze using a mucus web to catch microscopic plankton, sea angels are carnivorous and prey exclusively on the sea butterflies. (eurekalert.org)
  • In turn, these areas will be important as biodiversity and genetic reservoirs as increasing proportions of the sea are hopefully protected. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Our wall murals surround your space with endurance, apparent serenity and power of outstanding oceans and the ecosystem they sustain. (photowall.com)
  • Microbes are essential for a thriving ocean ecosystem. (si.edu)
  • understanding of the climate of Earth, the erosion of coastlines, and how the world's oceans both provide and store vital nutrients and compounds such as carbon dioxide. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • Given their unique biology and specialized diet, sea otters are extremely vulnerable to toxic algal blooms, which are likely to worsen with climate change. (ucdavis.edu)
  • It is also recognized that complexity of ocean systems and the role of oceans on climate change still require more research to be better understood. (thefishsite.com)
  • 56 million years ago, a massive release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and oceans caused a monumental shift in the climate, increasing the earth's surface temperature by 11 degrees. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • Dr Joy St John, Assistant Director-General Climate and Other Determinants of Health in WHO Head Quarters, Geneva, Dr Magaran Bagayoko, delegated by Dr Moeti, Regional Director of the WHO Regional Office for Africa, and representatives from various international institutions, including United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Indian Ocean Commission participated in the conference. (who.int)
  • Researchers found startling amounts of plastic in the bodies of nearly 100 sea turtle hatchlings that washed ashore on the Florida coast, including tiny "micronized" bits that small animals can easily ingest. (mongabay.com)
  • In 2010, researchers estimated that 8 billion kilograms of plastic enter the ocean in a single year, with a steep escalation predicted by 2025. (pollutiononline.com)
  • Rebecca Gomperts is a Dutch doctor and founder of Women on Waves, a group that provides access at sea to medical abortions, which entail administering pills to induce miscarriage, for women who live in countries where abortion is restricted or criminalized. (univision.com)
  • Learn why oceans are salty and blue, and what causes waves and tides. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Soft ocean-like music will be played to help the children get the feel of ocean waves. (teachers.net)
  • 4. Students will be able to manipulate a parachute containing fish and octopi and catch them in the air, as they are thrown through the "ocean waves" (a hula-hoop. (teachers.net)
  • 6. Ocean waves is played with the parachutes, rubber fish, stuffed octopi, and hula hoops. (teachers.net)
  • A rescued post-hatchling sea turtle lies next to its plastic stomach contents at the Loggerhead Marinelife Center in Juno Beach, Florida. (mongabay.com)
  • Guterres said the "egoism" of some nations was hampering efforts to agree a long-awaited treaty to protect the world's oceans. (motherjones.com)
  • Initial production tests have been carried out in the deep sea, but the environmental impacts have not yet been studied sufficiently. (worldoceanreview.com)
  • Europe and the world depend on the ocean and seas for food, as a buffer to the impacts of global warming and to provide opportunities for new human activities. (europa.eu)
  • All of these things we're doing in freshwater, it would not be a good strategy to interpret the results of these management actions without understanding the impacts of the ocean," he said. (opb.org)
  • Nucleotide sequence alignment of the morbillivirus phosphoprotein gene fragment isolated from northern sea otters with the corresponding region from the known phocine distemper virus (PDV) isolates and closely related canine distemper virus. (cdc.gov)
  • Heart disease is a killer threat for southern sea otters feasting on domoic acid in their food web, according to a study led by the University of California, Davis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Domoic acid is a neurotoxin that accumulates in the food web, contaminating crabs and clams - common prey for sea otters. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The study was also the first to demonstrate a disturbing and unexpected trend: Domoic acid exposure is especially detrimental for prime-age adult sea otters, whose survival is vital for population growth. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Co-author Melissa Miller, a veterinarian and pathologist with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and a UC Davis One Health Institute affiliate, recently led a separate study analyzing the causes of death of sea otters. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Improving our understanding of the effects of domoic acid on the health and population recovery of southern sea otters is extremely important" said Miller of the domoic acid study. (ucdavis.edu)
  • A closer look into the health of southern sea otters revealed that protozoal encephalitis was a major cause of morbidity and mortality. (cdc.gov)
  • Explain the different mechanisms for oocyst accumulation in the ocean where sea otters become infected. (cdc.gov)
  • Only about 1% of those salmon that make it to the ocean survive, said Brian Burke, a supervisory research fish biologist with NOAA's Northwest Fisheries Science Center. (opb.org)
  • More than 3.5 billion people depend on the ocean for food security, while 120 million work directly in fisheries and aquaculture-related activities, the majority in small-island developing states and least developed countries. (motherjones.com)
  • Instruments on satellites can measure ocean height and thereby allow estimations of ocean surface temperature. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • Within a few years, sea-surface temperature, wave height, variations in sea surface contours, ice cover, chlorophyll content, and other parameters could be measured and reported almost instantly from satellites. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • Right now, scientists rely more on a variety of ocean indicators such as surface temperature, which can affect the amount of food available for young salmon to eat. (opb.org)
  • Parameters other than sea level, for example atmospheric pressure and sea surface temperature, were also visually inspected. (bodc.ac.uk)
  • Earth's rotation also contributes to the physical movement of water, as do density and temperature differences between oceans or between layers of water within the same ocean. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • The oceans of the world comprise 71 percent of the Earth's surface. (reference.com)
  • Oceans cover approximately 71% of the Earth's surface area, which is why some people refer to the Earth as a large water sphere. (bvsalud.org)
  • There is so much life in the oceans and nothing represents it well like a wallpaper. (photowall.com)
  • Hunstanton SEA LIFE Sanctuary is home to Norfolks only seal sanctuary open to visitors. (visitsealife.com)
  • Step out of the ocean and into the hot and humid rainforest to experience what life is like beneath the tropical treetops. (visitsealife.com)
  • Conservation is at the heart of what we do at Hunstanton SEA LIFE Sanctuary. (visitsealife.com)
  • Enter your email to receive the latest SEA LIFE news and offers. (visitsealife.com)
  • The life that inhabits the world's oceans has almost infinite variety. (news-medical.net)
  • We have only very limited knowledge of it, and especially of the microbial life forms that are found in the ocean,' he adds. (news-medical.net)
  • The SeaBioTech project, started in 2012, is intended to close some of these knowledge gaps by looking in the seas and oceans around the globe for life forms with novel properties. (news-medical.net)
  • There is only one ocean, essential to the life of everyone on Earth-and it faces perils like never before. (pewtrusts.org)
  • For a few moments, the scientists aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, research vessel Bell M. Shimada wondered what sea life these nets might catch. (opb.org)
  • I think our schools should have more classes about sea life and caring for all our water. (thriftyfun.com)
  • What a treat it must have been to see such a large and beautiful sea turtle just living the good life out there in the middle of the ocean or Gulf. (thriftyfun.com)
  • You can follow his Sea Life blog , SalishSeaLife tweets , FaceBook and video posts, send email to [email protected] or call at 360-337-4619. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • Plastics should not be going into the ocean in the first place, but if they do, this material becomes food for microorganisms and not plastic trash and microplastics that harm aquatic life. (pollutiononline.com)
  • Invisible to the naked eye, there is a teeming world of microbes living in the ocean with a complexity and diversity that rivals all other life on Earth. (si.edu)
  • They were even the first life on the planet, living without oxygen in an ancient ocean. (si.edu)
  • Major changes in ocean life followed. (record-bee.com)
  • In response to Section 2 of the Presidential Memorandum (PM) on Ocean Mapping of November 19, 2019, the National Strategy for mapping, exploring, and characterizing the United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) has been established. (usgs.gov)
  • As Green explained, because carbon dioxide is a very soluble gas, as soon as it goes into the ocean, it creates the corrosive carbonic acid, reducing the pH and the carbonate ion concentration in the sea water. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • Also, carbon dioxide absorption has increased ocean acidity 26% since the industrial era began. (cdc.gov)
  • The scientists found that domoic acid exposure increased a sea otter's risk of dying with heart disease 1.7-fold. (ucdavis.edu)
  • In 2016, a team of scientists aboard the RV Polarstern, a German research icebreaker, visited Langseth Ridge, an ice-covered seamount in the Arctic Ocean, a few hundred miles from the North Pole. (mongabay.com)
  • These types of changing ocean conditions have other scientists on land wondering whether efforts to save salmon could be for naught. (opb.org)
  • Moreover, some scientists said ocean conditions must be taken into consideration when evaluating how to save salmon. (opb.org)
  • However, the time salmon spend in the ocean leaves many unanswered questions for scientists, Weitkamp said. (opb.org)
  • To that end, scientists need to better understand predation in the ocean, Burke said. (opb.org)
  • For the enthusiasts of deep ocean fishing there is a vast collection of underwater artwork. (photowall.com)
  • Titan has other seas in a sense, as large shifting areas of sand covering vast plains have been discovered. (novaspace.com)
  • Of 96 stranded sea turtle hatchlings collected in a study, more than half died, while all the survivors passed plastic fragments through their bodies. (mongabay.com)
  • Samantha Clark holds a rehabilitated post-hatchling sea turtle in one hand and a vile of plastic remains in the other. (mongabay.com)
  • This study was the first to demonstrate that sea turtle hatchlings are ingesting increasingly smaller pieces of plastic. (mongabay.com)
  • Take part in leatherback sea turtle monitoring, research, and community outreach programmes on the island of Grenada in the Caribbean. (volunteermatch.org)
  • As a research assistant on the sea turtle volunteer programme you will have the chance to get involved with many duties. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Volunteering with Ocean Spirits will give you a hands-on field experience with the worlds largest sea turtle. (volunteermatch.org)
  • As I looked over, there was this huge sea turtle. (thriftyfun.com)
  • The sea turtle looked so peaceful, as it waited for me to take its picture. (thriftyfun.com)
  • Hey Ale, Just saw your sea-turtle and that is really awesome. (thriftyfun.com)
  • After finishing her degree, the Peruvian biologist began working on a sea turtle protection project in the north of the country. (cnn.com)
  • Leatherback sea turtle hatchling on a beach. (sicb.org)
  • For a sea turtle hatchling, getting to the ocean is critical. (sicb.org)
  • The Mexican Caribbean is home to several important sea turtle nesting beaches. (sustainabletravel.org)
  • Merlin/Us/We/Our: Siam Ocean World Bangkok Co Ltd whose registered office address is at B1-B2 floor, Siam Paragon, 991 Rama 1 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330. (visitsealife.com)
  • There are four major oceans in the world. (reference.com)
  • Meier says the pace at which sea ice is melting in the Arctic Ocean will certainly impact the rest of the world. (salon.com)
  • The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) sea level data set comprises data collected from approximately 160 tide gauge sites distributed around the world. (bodc.ac.uk)
  • As the only community foundation for the ocean, The Ocean Foundation's mission is to support, strengthen, and promote those organizations dedicated to reversing the trend of destruction of ocean environments around the world. (oceanfdn.org)
  • The UN secretary genera l has declared that the world is in the middle of an "ocean emergency," and urged governments to do more to restore ocean health. (motherjones.com)
  • Inspired by a childhood on the Breton coast in France, Painlevé explored the underwater world in photographs taken through a microscope, more than 200 films, and even a range of sea creature-themed fashion accessories . (nationalgeographic.com)
  • From World War I until the 1970s, disposal of chemical weapons, such as sulfur mustard, at sea was accepted practice. (cdc.gov)
  • From World War I until the 1970s, disposal of sulfur mustard at sea was standard practice. (cdc.gov)
  • The reduced sea ice coverage and early break-up of ice had a profound effect on ocean primary productivity in 2018, particularly in the Bering Sea region where productivity levels were sometimes 500% higher than normal levels. (salon.com)
  • Together, we create evidence-based solutions for a healthy ocean and the wildlife and communities that depend on it. (oceanconservancy.org)
  • It really opened my eyes to how communities depend on a healthy ocean. (cnn.com)
  • The aim of the National Geographic Pristine Seas programme is to identify the most pristine areas left in the ocean and persuade governments to protect them as the remaining examples of what our seas used to look like. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • We made individual aquariums using blue painted paper plates, sea shells, Gold Fish, construction paper to make seaweed, and twist tops "that looked like lobsters" from children's plastic juice bottles. (teachers.net)
  • The children brought sea shells to school. (teachers.net)
  • I also paint unique sea shells that I collect from my local beach. (etsy.com)
  • Find out ways to be a part of the ocean conservation community, because the ocean needs all of our passion and resources. (oceanfdn.org)
  • but it is an opportunity to see some inspiring examples of how stakeholders with very different interests can address issues in ocean conservation… to mutual benefit. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • EXPRESS will map and characterize sensitive deep-sea habitats to help guide ocean management decisions. (usgs.gov)
  • Ocean One's demonstrated ability to distance humans physically from dangerous and unreachable spaces, while connecting their skills, intuition, and experience to the task, promises to fundamentally alter remote work. (videolectures.net)
  • Dangers exist in the sea, as with any environment for which humans are poorly adapted. (medscape.com)
  • A new analytical tool can show the main sources of plastic pollution and help governments determine how to best reduce the amount that is reaching the ocean. (pewtrusts.org)
  • I was surprised to see just how many organisms colonize on these foams in the ocean. (pollutiononline.com)
  • If you weighed all the living organisms in the ocean, 90 percent of that weight would be from microbes. (si.edu)
  • Meanwhile, a rapid chemical change in the ocean occurred as the gas and water formed carbonic acid, eventually causing the extinction of all of the carbonate-bearing organisms in the sea, including clams, coral reefs and plankton. (news-oceanacidification-icc.org)
  • Most of these organisms live in temperate to tropical oceans, especially in the Indo-Pacific regions. (medscape.com)
  • On 13 November 2015, eight Filipino seafarers from a cargo ship sailing in the Caribbean Sea experienced a range of symptoms after consuming a barracuda. (who.int)
  • At Smithsonian Ocean, we have lesson plans, activities, and resources to help you engage your students in the wonders of our oceans. (si.edu)
  • CNN spoke to Forsberg about her passion for the ocean, its importance for humankind and the steps we must take to keep it healthy. (cnn.com)
  • I hope you can take advantage and join in an atmosphere of collaboration that can lead us into a future of healthy oceans and prosperous societies. (pugetsoundblogs.com)
  • Many are also the keepers of healthy ecosystems, cleaning the ocean of waste and often defending against disease rather than spreading it. (si.edu)
  • We cannot have a healthy planet without a healthy ocean," he said in his opening remarks. (motherjones.com)
  • A healthy and productive ocean is vital to our shared future," Guterres said. (motherjones.com)
  • Buoys, for example, are used in the Pacific Ocean to chart the water temperature fluctuations associated with the El Niño phenomenon. (waterencyclopedia.com)
  • Another study , co-authored by sea sponge expert Sally Leys, found that sea sponges drifted and rolled across the seafloor in the northeast Pacific Ocean. (mongabay.com)
  • This voyage is giving us all a sense of how enormous the Pacific Ocean really is. (expeditions.com)
  • The resource potential of three central Pacific manganese nodule deposits is evaluated using sea floor photographs and box core samples. (cdc.gov)
  • This work reports the distribution of legacy and new POPs in surface and depth profiles/deeper water of the Southern Indian Ocean (SIO) and the coast of Antarctica (COA). (bvsalud.org)
  • During his speech to the upper house, Aziz said that these two developments are part of the massive conventional nuclear and missile development programmes being pursued by India, which are now leading to nuclearization of Indian Ocean and will affect the maritime security of all the 32 littoral states around the ocean. (dawn.com)
  • 95 percent of the Arctic Ocean's old sea ice is gone. (salon.com)
  • Unlike the ice cubes in your fridge, the Arctic Ocean is not just going freeze up again next winter. (salon.com)
  • Sea ice in the Arctic Ocean can be compared to ice cubes in a glass of water. (salon.com)
  • When it comes to planet Earth, sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is similar: it absorbs heat without causing big increases to the ocean's temperature, though its melting won't increase sea levels. (salon.com)
  • Now, as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) annual Arctic Report Card notes that only five percent of the Arctic Ocean's old sea ice remains, much of that layer of protection is disappearing - leaving many climatologists and experts concerned for what's next. (salon.com)
  • Sponges moving across the seafloor near Langseth Ridge in the Arctic Ocean. (mongabay.com)
  • deep sea drop cameras, mesopelagic (40-100m) baited cameras, pelagic baited cameras, fish and benthic surveys, eDNA water sampling, foraminifera sediment sampling and terrestrial plant and animal surveys. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • The second area as yet untouched by commercial mining is the bed of the deep sea. (worldoceanreview.com)
  • There are a number of metals present in commercially promising quantities in the deep sea, including those of the rare earth group. (worldoceanreview.com)
  • Geologists -distinguish three different kinds of potentially minable deep-sea ore deposits, each of which, unlike the deposits on land, contains a large variety of different metals. (worldoceanreview.com)
  • Around the planet, evidence of plastic pollution stretches from grocery bags in the deep sea to microplastics in our food supplies and even in our blood. (pollutiononline.com)
  • EXPRESS is a multi-year, multi-institution cooperative research campaign in deep sea areas of California, Oregon, and Washington, including the continental shelf and slope. (usgs.gov)
  • Evaluation of Metal Resources At and Near Proposed Deep Sea Mine Sites. (cdc.gov)
  • Oceans were long thought to exist in all corners of the Solar System, from carbonated seas percolating beneath the clouds of Venus to features on the Moon's surface given names such as "the Bay of Rainbows" and the "Ocean of Storms. (novaspace.com)
  • Mars also has these sand seas, and Venus may as well, along with oceans of frozen lava. (novaspace.com)
  • Students might have to add the countries map on top of the map on the limits of the oceans and seas to find the answer as shown in the map above. (europa.eu)
  • Mediterranean seas are mostly enclosed by land and have limited ability to share a current with an adjoining ocean or larger sea. (reference.com)
  • I would know from which dataset I can download the Ocean Current Velocity in the Mediterranean Sea. (nasa.gov)
  • Research and innovation are critical so we can better monitor, understand, protect, preserve and harness our ocean and seas. (europa.eu)
  • Previous research has shown that sponges can make limited movements in a laboratory setting, but this is the first time sea sponge trails have been observed in the ocean and attributed to sponge movement. (mongabay.com)
  • EU - Research and Innovation hold a key to reconciling sometimes competing goals of sustainable economic growth and environmental preservation in sea-based activities. (thefishsite.com)
  • Alien Seas' serves up part history, part current research, and part theory as it offers a rich buffet of "seas" on other worlds. (novaspace.com)
  • Netherlands Journal of Sea Research [electronic resource]. (who.int)
  • by Netherlands Institute for Sea Research. (who.int)
  • The discussion focuses on the development of Ocean One, a bimanual humanoid robotic diver that brings intuitive haptic physical interaction to oceanic environments. (videolectures.net)
  • The oceans can be deep or shallow, they can be more or less tidal, and they can include unique environments such as volcanic vents,' says Brian McNeil ofStrathclyde University in Scotland, UK. (news-medical.net)