The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
Exposure of the male parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring.
Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
Penetrating stab wounds caused by needles. They are of special concern to health care workers since such injuries put them at risk for developing infectious disease.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from patients to health professionals or health care workers. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
Infectious organisms in the BLOOD, of which the predominant medical interest is their contamination of blood-soiled linens, towels, gowns, BANDAGES, other items from individuals in risk categories, NEEDLES and other sharp objects, MEDICAL WASTE and DENTAL WASTE, all of which health workers are exposed to. This concept is differentiated from the clinical conditions of BACTEREMIA; VIREMIA; and FUNGEMIA where the organism is present in the blood of a patient as the result of a natural infectious process.
A colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CS2. It is used as a solvent, and is a counterirritant and has local anesthetic properties but is not used as such. It is highly toxic with pronounced CNS, hematologic, and dermatologic effects.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Supplies used in building.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A residue of coal, left after dry (destructive) distillation, used as a fuel.
Apparatus for removing exhaled or leaked anesthetic gases or other volatile agents, thus reducing the exposure of operating room personnel to such agents, as well as preventing the buildup of potentially explosive mixtures in operating rooms or laboratories.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
A widely used industrial solvent.
Long, pliable, cohesive natural or manufactured filaments of various lengths. They form the structure of some minerals. The medical significance lies in their potential ability to cause various types of PNEUMOCONIOSIS (e.g., ASBESTOSIS) after occupational or environmental exposure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p708)
Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an industrial solvent and cooling liquid in electrical transformers. It is a potential carcinogen.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.
The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.
Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.
A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.
The contamination of indoor air.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.
A group of condensed ring hydrocarbons.
Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers which elicit potent inflammatory responses in the parenchyma of the lung. The disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis of the lung, varying from scattered sites to extensive scarring of the alveolar interstitium.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The occupation concerned with the cutting and dressing of the hair of customers and, of men, the shaving and trimming of the beard and mustache. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The individuals employed by the hospital.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.
Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.
Accidentally acquired infection in laboratory workers.
Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.
A gas that has been used as an aerosol propellant and is the starting material for polyvinyl resins. Toxicity studies have shown various adverse effects, particularly the occurrence of liver neoplasms.
Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION or sonic radiation (SOUND WAVES) which does not produce IONS in matter through which it passes. The wavelengths of non-ionizing electromagentic radiation are generally longer than those of far ultraviolet radiation and range through the longest RADIO WAVES.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
Analogs or derivatives of mandelic acid (alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid).
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Aromatic diamine used in the plastics industry as curing agent for epoxy resins and urethane rubbers. It causes bladder, liver, lung, and other neoplasms.
Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.
A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A tumor derived from mesothelial tissue (peritoneum, pleura, pericardium). It appears as broad sheets of cells, with some regions containing spindle-shaped, sarcoma-like cells and other regions showing adenomatous patterns. Pleural mesotheliomas have been linked to exposure to asbestos. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.
A greasy substance with a smoky odor and burned taste created by high temperature treatment of BEECH and other WOOD; COAL TAR; or resin of the CREOSOTE BUSH. It contains CRESOLS and POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS which are CARCINOGENS. It has been widely used as wood preservative and in PESTICIDES and had former use medicinally in DISINFECTANTS; LAXATIVES; and DERMATOLOGIC AGENTS.
Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
High temperature destruction of waste by burning with subsequent reduction to ashes or conversion to an inert mass.
Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The prevention of infection or disease following exposure to a pathogen.
Coating with a metal or alloy by electrolysis.
Leisure activities engaged in for pleasure.
Short-lived radioactive decay products of radon that include 216-Po, 214-Pb, 214-Bi, and 214-Po. They have an effective half-life of about 30 minutes and are solids that can deposit on the bronchial airways during inhalation and exhalation. This results in exposure of the respiratory airways to alpha radiation and can lead to diseases of the respiratory system, including lung cancer. (From Casarett and Doull's Toxicology, 4th ed, p740)
Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
A group of methane-based halogenated hydrocarbons containing one or more fluorine and chlorine atoms.
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).
Hair grooming, cleansing and modifying products meant for topical application to hair, usually human. They include sprays, bleaches, dyes, conditioners, rinses, shampoos, nutrient lotions, etc.
A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
Phthalic acid anhydrides. Can be substituted on any carbon atom. Used extensively in industry and as a reagent in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
Induction and quantitative measurement of chromosomal damage leading to the formation of micronuclei (MICRONUCLEI, CHROMOSOME-DEFECTIVE) in cells which have been exposed to genotoxic agents or IONIZING RADIATION.
A class of asbestos that includes silicates of magnesium, iron, calcium, and sodium. The fibers are generally brittle and cannot be spun, but are more resistant to chemicals and heat than ASBESTOS, SERPENTINE. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is below its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the ventral surface of the PENIS or on the PERINEUM. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is in the VAGINA.
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
A chlorinated hydrocarbon that has been used as an inhalation anesthetic and acts as a narcotic in high concentrations. Its primary use is as a solvent in manufacturing and food technology.
The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
Chlorinated ethanes which are used extensively as industrial solvents. They have been utilized in numerous home-use products including spot remover preparations and inhalant decongestant sprays. These compounds cause central nervous system and cardiovascular depression and are hepatotoxic. Include 1,1,1- and 1,1,2-isomers.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A type of asbestos that occurs in nature as the dihydrate of magnesium silicate. It exists in two forms: antigorite, a plated variety, and chrysotile, a fibrous variety. The latter makes up 95% of all asbestos products. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p.893)
Health care professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES in research or health care facilities.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
Ground up seed of WHEAT.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
A highly toxic compound used as a gasoline additive. It causes acute toxic psychosis or chronic poisoning if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
Salts and esters of hippuric acid.
Beryllium. An element with the atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01218. Short exposure to this element can lead to a type of poisoning known as BERYLLIOSIS.
Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The aggregate business enterprise of building.
The science of the chemical composition and reactions of chemicals involved in the production, protection and use of crops and livestock. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A naturally radioactive element with atomic symbol Rn, atomic number 86, and atomic weight 222. It is a member of the noble gas family found in soil, and is released during the decay of radium.
Very toxic industrial chemicals. They are absorbed through the skin, causing lethal blood, bladder, liver, and kidney damage and are potent, broad-spectrum carcinogens in most species.
Liquid components of living organisms.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.
Neoplasms of the thin serous membrane that envelopes the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity. Pleural neoplasms are exceedingly rare and are usually not diagnosed until they are advanced because in the early stages they produce no symptoms.
Inorganic and organic derivatives of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The salts and esters of sulfuric acid are known as SULFATES and SULFURIC ACID ESTERS respectively.
A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.

Socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population: the contribution of working conditions. (1/7692)

BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the impact of different categories of working conditions on the association between occupational class and self-reported health in the working population. METHODS: Data were collected through a postal survey conducted in 1991 among inhabitants of 18 municipalities in the southeastern Netherlands. Data concerned 4521 working men and 2411 working women and included current occupational class (seven classes), working conditions (physical working conditions, job control, job demands, social support at work), perceived general health (very good or good versus less than good) and demographic confounders. Data were analysed with logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: For both men and women we observed a higher odds ratio for a less than good perceived general health in the lower occupational classes (adjusted for confounders). The odds of a less than good perceived general health was larger among people reporting more hazardous physical working conditions, lower job control, lower social support at work and among those in the highest category of job demands. Results were similar for men and women. Men and women in the lower occupational classes reported more hazardous physical working conditions and lower job control as compared to those in higher occupational classes. High job demands were more often reported in the higher occupational classes, while social support at work was not clearly related to occupational class. When physical working conditions and job control were added simultaneously to a model with occupational class and confounders, the odds ratios for occupational classes were reduced substantially. For men, the per cent change in the odds ratios for the occupational classes ranged between 35% and 83%, and for women between 35% and 46%. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial part of the association between occupational class and a less than good perceived general health in the working population could be attributed to a differential distribution of hazardous physical working conditions and a low job control across occupational classes. This suggests that interventions aimed at improving these working conditions might result in a reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population.  (+info)

Methodological issues in biomonitoring of low level exposure to benzene. (2/7692)

Data from a pilot study on unmetabolized benzene and trans,trans muconic acid (t,t-MA) excretion in filling station attendants and unexposed controls were used to afford methodological issues in the biomonitoring of low benzene exposures (around 0.1 ppm). Urinary concentrations of benzene and t,t-MA were measured by dynamic head-space capillary GC/FID and HPLC, respectively. The accuracy of the HPLC determination of t,t-MA was assessed in terms of inter- and intra-method reliability. The adequacy of urinary t,t-MA and benzene as biological markers of low benzene exposure was evaluated by analysing the relationship between personal exposure to benzene and biomarker excretion. Filling station attendants excreted significantly higher amounts of benzene, but not of t,t-MA, than controls. Adjusting for occupational benzene exposure, smokers excreted significantly higher amounts of t,t-MA, but not of unmetabolized benzene, than nonsmokers. A comparative analysis of the present and previously published biomonitoring surveys showed a good inter-study agreement regarding the amount of t,t-MA and unmetabolized benzene excreted (about 0.1-0.2 mg/l and 1-2 micrograms/l, respectively) per unit of exposure (0.1 ppm). For each biomarker, based on the distribution of parameters observed in the pilot study, we calculated the minimum sample size required to estimate the population mean with given confidence and precision.  (+info)

Lead exposure in the lead-acid storage battery manufacturing and PVC compounding industries. (3/7692)

This study was conducted as part of the Human Exposure Assessment Location (HEAL) Project which comes under the United Nations Environment Programme/World Health Organisation (UNEP/WHO) Global environmental Monitoring System (GEMS). The objective of the study was to evaluate workers' exposure to lead in industries with the highest exposure. All subjects were interviewed about their occupational and smoking histories, the use of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene. The contribution of a dietary source of lead intake from specified foods known to contain lead locally and personal air sampling for lead were assessed. A total of 61 workers from two PVC compounding and 50 workers from two lead acid battery manufacturing plants were studied together with 111 matched controls. In the PVC compounding plants the mean lead-in-air level was 0.0357 mg/m3, with the highest levels occurring during the pouring and mixing operations. This was lower than the mean lead-in-air level of 0.0886 mg/m3 in the lead battery manufacturing plants where the highest exposure was in the loading of lead ingots into milling machines. Workers in lead battery manufacturing had significantly higher mean blood lead than the PVC workers (means, 32.51 and 23.91 mcg/100 ml respectively), but there was poor correlation with lead-in-air levels. Among the lead workers, the Malays had significantly higher blood lead levels than the Chinese (mean blood levels were 33.03 and 25.35 mcg/100 ml respectively) although there was no significant difference between the two ethnic groups in the control group. There were no significant differences between the exposed and control group in terms of dietary intake of specified local foods known to contain lead. However, Malays consumed significantly more fish than the Chinese did. There were no ethnic differences in the hours of overtime work, number of years of exposure, usage of gloves and respirators and smoking habits. Among the Malays, 94.3% eat with their hands compared with 9.2% of the Chinese. Workers who ate with bare hands at least once a week had higher blood lead levels after adjusting for lead-in-air levels (mean blood lead was 30.2 and 26.4 mcg/100 ml respectively). The study indicated that the higher blood lead levels observed in the Malay workers might have been due to their higher exposure and eating with bare hands.  (+info)

Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers. (4/7692)

Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.  (+info)

The feasibility of conducting occupational epidemiology in the UK. (5/7692)

A postal survey was carried out of 1,000 UK companies to collect information about employee biographical and work history records. The overall response rate was 46%. All companies collected surname, forenames, address, date of birth and National Insurance number--information needed for cross-sectional studies. Other biographical details such as maiden name and National Health Service number were collected less often, which could increase the cost and difficulty of tracing ex-employees. Seventy per cent reported destroying their records within 10 years of an employee leaving, rising to 82% for companies with fewer than 100 employees. The destruction of employee records creates problems for historical cohort studies and case-control studies, and may hamper ex-employees trying to claim benefit for occupational-related illness. If the scope of future occupational epidemiology is to be improved, guidelines for the collection and retention of the data required must be developed and industry encouraged to participate.  (+info)

Cohort study of art glass workers in Tuscany, Italy: mortality from non-malignant diseases. (6/7692)

This investigation studies cause-specific mortality of art glass workers employed in 17 industrial facilities in Tuscany, Italy. A cohort of 3,390 workers employed for at least 1 year was enumerated from company payrolls. Follow-up was between the start of employment in each factory and 31 December 1993. The cause-specific expected mortality was computed relative to Tuscany rates and specified for gender, 5-year age groups and calendar year. Separate analyses were carried out for the jobs of makers and formers and for batch mixers. Among males (3, 180 individuals) observed mortality for non-cancer causes was higher than expected for hypertensive disease [standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 178, 90% confidence interval (90% CI) = 96-301], pneumoconiosis (SMR = 200, 90% CI = 94-376) and diseases of the genitourinary system (SMR = 169, 90% CI = 95-279). Increases for the above causes were shown also among makers and formers: hypertensive disease (SMR = 182, 90% CI = 85-341), pneumoconiosis (SMR = 250, 90% CI = 109-493) and diseases of the genitourinary system (SMR = 224, 90% CI = 121-380). For batch mixers an increase was present for cerebrovascular disease. The observed mortality for cancer causes was above the expected for cancers of the larynx, lung, stomach and brain. This study points to the existence for Tuscan glass workers of health effects in addition to cancer; previously observed carcinogenic effects were also confirmed.  (+info)

Irritant contact dermatitis due to 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in a hydrotherapy pool. Risk assessments: the need for continuous evidence-based assessments. (7/7692)

A physiotherapist working in hydrotherapy presented to occupational health with irritant contact dermatitis. Subsequent investigation revealed that the likely causative agent was 1-bromo 3-chloro 5,5 dimethylhydantoin which was used to disinfect the hydrotherapy pool. A COSHH risk assessment had been performed which failed to take full account of current knowledge and this agent had been introduced into the workplace. The development of adverse health effects among staff and other pool users lead to a review of this risk assessment and eventually a return to less hazardous chlorine-based disinfection. Had an evidence-based approach been combined with an appropriate COSHH assessment prior to and following changes in the workplace then unnecessary risk to employees would not have occurred.  (+info)

Mushroom worker's lung resulting from indoor cultivation of Pleurotus osteatus. (8/7692)

Indoor cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus osteatus lead to an outbreak of extrinsic allergic alveolitis in two workers. High titer of indirect fluorescent antibody and positive precipitins against basidiospores of P. osteatus were demonstrated in sera of the patients. Mushroom workers should protect themselves from the basidiospores, being aware of their pathogenicity.  (+info)

The Community indicative occupational exposure limit values are established as implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC.Member States shall establish national occupational exposure limit values for the chemical agents listed in the Annex, taking into account the Community values.
Supplementary Tables S1-S6 - Supplementary Tables S1-S6. Table S1. Number and percentage of cases and control with exposure to each occupational agent. Table S2. SNP-level significant occupational exposure interactions for known occupational lung carcinogens. Table S3. SNP-level significant occupational exposure interactions for occupational exposures with increased risk for lung cancer not clear. Table S4. Gene-level significant occupational exposure interactions for occupational exposures with increased risk for lung cancer not clear. Table S5. Significant genomic regions for occupational exposure interactions and the significant genes identified in these regions. Table S6. Main categories of proteins coded by the significant genes identified by the gene-occupational interaction analyses ...
The Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Safety has released its draft recommendations on occupational exposure limits for bisphenol A and for cadmium and its inorganic compounds. Regarding bisphenol A, DECOS considered there to be very limited evidence to support a non-monotonic dose-response relationship and therefore recommended a health‑based recommended occupational exposure limit (HBROEL) of 3.3 mg/m3 (inhalable fraction), based on a 13‑week inhalation study in rats, the critical effect being local toxicity in the nasal cavity. For cadmium and its inorganic compounds, DECOS reviewed the 2017 recommendation of the Scientific Committee for Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL), and considered the scientific basis of its OEL (of 1 µg/m3, inhalable fraction) to be insufficient. DECOS instead supported a previously‑defined biological limit value in the urine of 2 µg cadmium/g creatinine for the protection against kidney effects, and an OEL of 4 µg/m3 to prevent adverse effects on the ...
Asbestos and hazardous materials removal specifications and project management.. Health Safety Consultants occupational hygiene team operates within applicable industry code of conduct and committed to quality deliverables that meet industry standards. The team members hold memberships with professional bodies such as the Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists (AIOH) and the Safety Institute of Australia (SIA). We have years of experience working with numerous industries including manufacturing, construction, facilities management, local, state and federal government and defence. Health Safety Consultants occupational hygiene team has established a very successful company providing occupational hygiene services with a reputation for professionalism, integrity, competence, and customer satisfaction. We are proud that this reputation is based on our systems and people that make our service possible. Each and every day we work hard to better our service that will ultimately better our ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Binding occupational exposure limits for carcinogens in the EU - necessary but not sufficient to reduce risk. AU - Cherrie, John W.. PY - 2019/7/1. Y1 - 2019/7/1. KW - Cancer. KW - Carcinogen. KW - Exposure. KW - Exposure limit. KW - Exposure limit value. KW - Letter. KW - Occupational cancer. KW - Occupational exposure. KW - Occupational exposure limit. KW - Work-related cancer. UR - U2 - 10.5271/sjweh.3836. DO - 10.5271/sjweh.3836. M3 - Article. C2 - 31256196. VL - 45. SP - 423. EP - 424. JO - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. JF - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. SN - 0355-3140. IS - 4. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Advanced REACH tool. T2 - a Bayesian model for occupational exposure assessment. AU - McNally, Kevin. AU - Warren, Nicholas. AU - Fransman, Wouter. AU - Entink, Rinke Klein. AU - Schinkel, Jody. AU - Van Tongeren, Martie. AU - Cherrie, John W.. AU - Kromhout, Hans. AU - Schneider, Thomas. AU - Tielemans, Erik. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - This paper describes a Bayesian model for the assessment of inhalation exposures in an occupational setting; the methodology underpins a freely available web-based application for exposure assessment, the Advanced REACH Tool (ART). The ART is a higher tier exposure tool that combines disparate sources of information within a Bayesian statistical framework. The information is obtained from expert knowledge expressed in a calibrated mechanistic model of exposure assessment, data on interand intra-individual variability in exposures from the literature, and context-specific exposure measurements. The ART provides central estimates and credible ...
Federal Register: April 27, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 81)][Notices] [Page 21054-21055] From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [] [DOCID:fr27ap07-85] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket No. OSHA-2007-0022] Standard on Occupational Exposure to Noise (Noise); Extension of the Office of Management and Budgets (OMB) Approval of Information Collection (Paperwork) Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Request for public comment. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: OSHA solicits public comments concerning its proposal to extend OBM approval of the information collection requirements contained in its Noise Standard (29 CFR 1910.95). The information collection requirements specified in the Noise Standard protect employees from suffering material hearing impairment. DATES: ...
Industrial Hygienist jobs in Rockville, MD available on Research Industrial Hygienist salaries in Rockville, MD and apply to Industrial Hygienist jobs today!
Influence of childhood asthma and allergies on occupational exposure in early adulthood: a prospective cohort study Conference Paper ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A significantly joint effect between arsenic and occupational exposures and risk genotypes/diplotypes of CYP2E1, GSTO1 and GSTO2 on risk of urothelial carcinoma. AU - Wang, Yuan Hung. AU - Yeh, Shauh Der. AU - Shen, Kun Hung. AU - Shen, Cheng Huang. AU - Juang, Guang Dar. AU - Hsu, Ling I.. AU - Chiou, Hung Yi. AU - Chen, Chien Jen. PY - 2009/11/15. Y1 - 2009/11/15. N2 - Cigarette smoking, arsenic and occupational exposures are well-known risk factors for the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate whether the effect of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, arsenic and occupational exposures on risk of UC could be modified by genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2E1 and glutathione S-transferase omega. A hospital-based case-control study consisted of 520 histologically confirmed UC cases, and 520 age- and gender-matched cancer-free controls were carried out from September 1998 to December 2007. Genotyping of CYP2E1, GSTO1 ...
Now available from ACGIH®, the 2009 Guide to Occupational Exposure Values is a readily accessible reference for comparison of the most recently published values, including the 2009 Chemical Substance TLVs® from ACGIH; AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Limits (WEELs); the OSHA Final Rule PELs; RELs from NIOSH; MAKs from the German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Workplace; and carcinogenicity designations from ACGIH, OSHA, NIOSH, MAK, IARC, U.S. NTP, and U.S. EPA.
The listed calls for evidence concerning occupational exposure limits have already taken place and have now been closed. These calls were held to allow parties concerned to comment and to help ECHAs Risk Assessment Committee in developing an opinion on scientific evaluation of occupational exposure limit(s).. The substances or chemical agents are listed in the table below together with information on the subject.. ...
The listed calls for evidence concerning occupational exposure limits have already taken place and have now been closed. These calls were held to allow parties concerned to comment and to help ECHAs Risk Assessment Committee in developing an opinion on scientific evaluation of occupational exposure limit(s).. The substances or chemical agents are listed in the table below together with information on the subject.. ...
The listed calls for evidence concerning occupational exposure limits have already taken place and have now been closed. These calls were held to allow parties concerned to comment and to help ECHAs Risk Assessment Committee in developing an opinion on scientific evaluation of occupational exposure limit(s).. The substances or chemical agents are listed in the table below together with information on the subject.. ...
Please follow this link to learn about the EU Strategy on Exposure to chemical agents.. Commission Directive 2009/161/EU of 17 December 2009 establishing a third list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC and amending Commission Directive 2000/39/EC.. Commission Directive 2006/15/EC of 7 February 2006 establishing a second list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC and amending Directives 91/322/EEC and 2000/39/EC. Commission Directive 2000/39/EC of 8 June 2000 establishing a first list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC. ...
The review of the Oil and Gas plant studies has allowed us to identify an opportunity to enhance the initial exposure information by recommending the next steps for industrial hygiene and occupational exposure information by recommending the next steps for industrial hygiene and occupational exposure assessment. A cumulative assessment should be performed that groups the chemical substances identified at Oil and Gas plant into two groups. Group 1 would be chemicals that exhibit classic dose response curves and are non-carcinogenic. The other group, group 2, would be identified carcinogens. Chemicals in Group 1 should be further assessed and subdivided into chemicals published TLVs and those without, and then grouped by systemic toxicology class to allow for the calculation of a cumulative exposure. Control banding methods can then be applied to estimate and assign an exposure hazard category.. Group 2 chemicals, the carcinogens, could be analysed and evaluated using method applied in Chen et ...
Occupational hygiene (United States: industrial hygiene (IH)) is the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, control and prevention of hazards from work that may result in injury, illness, or affect the well being of workers. These hazards or stressors are typically divided into the categories biological, chemical, physical, ergonomic and psychosocial.[1] The risk of a health effect from a given stressor is a function of the hazard multiplied by the exposure to the individual or group.[2] For chemicals, the hazard can be understood by the dose response profile most often based on toxicological studies or models. Occupational hygienists work closely with toxicologists (see Toxicology) for understanding chemical hazards, physicists (see Physics) for physical hazards, and physicians and microbiologists for biological hazards (see Microbiology Tropical medicine Infection) Environmental and occupational hygienists are considered experts in exposure science and exposure risk management. Depending on an ...
The study of the performance of a JEM comprises three main elements as described by Bouyer et al 18: (a) the ability of the JEM to evaluate accurately the exposure itself, (b) its statistical performance in terms of bias and power, (c) its ability to detect known associations between risk factors and disease. In our study, only point (c) can be directly studied to estimate the performance of the population specific JEM although the two other aspects may be considered indirectly. The pattern of relations between the probability of exposure and a decrease in FEV1 found in the French survey and evidence of known associations in two different populations (French survey and rural Dutch residents) are arguments in favour of the validity of the population specific JEM. The lowest κ values between self reported exposure and the Pp JEM were found in the groups in which the population specific JEM performed better than self reported exposure.. An argument in favour of the accurate exposure assessment of ...
The resurgence of tuberculosis in the United States within the past decade has prompted the health care community to develop tuberculosis elimination policies. However, recent outbreaks of tuberculosis have proved to be resistant to multiple antibiotics. Tuberculosis infections among health care workers is also rising. This increase in occupational exposures has prompted the examination of current exposure control measures. The occupational exposure to tuberculosis is prevented by the use of administrative policies, engineering controls and personal protective equipment. Each control measure has inherent strengths and weaknesses and when implemented through an exposure control plan the risk of occupational exposure can be reduced. Control techniques currently utilized may benefit from additional research and development. The research will not be squandered if tuberculosis is ultimately eliminated, as the knowledge gained may prove beneficial for exposure protection from future bio-hazardous aerosols.
A modification of the Nationwide Evaluation of X-Ray Trends (NEXT) survey procedure has been used to collect data on technique and exposure values for the A/P abdomen and A/P lumbosacral spine projection for a fixed patient size. Through the use of a sample set of patient radiographs and a phantom, technique factors and entrance skin exposure (ESE) are related to a radiograph of acceptable density. An analysis of 139 surveys demonstrates the wide range of techniques and exposures associated with each projection and suggests that ranges of typical techniques and exposure values can be defined ...
The Community indicative occupational exposure limit values are established as implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC. In the Annex to Directive 2000/39/EC, the reference to phenol is deleted and the new limit values are included in this Directive. The Directive establishes values for a reference period of eight-hours time weighted average and also for a short term period of 15 minutes for 18 chemical agents. ...
Throughout the legal text: Council Directive 98/24/EC of 7 April 1998 on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work. Recital 2 makes reference to: Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work In relation to measurement techniques introduced by Article 17 of that Directive. Recital 3 makes reference to: Commission Decision 2014/113/EU of 3 March 2014 on setting up a Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits for Chemical Agents and repealing Decision 95/320/EC In relation to the Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits for Chemical Agents (SCOEL). Recital 14 makes reference to: (1) Commission Directive 91/322/EEC of 29 May 1991 on establishing indicative limit values by implementing Council Directive 80/1107/EEC on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to chemical, physical and biological agents ...
OBJECTIVES: It is plausible that neurodegenerative processes of aging might have a contributing role in the development of chronic effects of exposure to organic solvents. This study evaluated the risk for neuropsychological deficits among retired workers, relative to their histories of exposure to occupational solvents. METHODS: This cross sectional study evaluated retired male workers, 62-74 years of age, including 89 people with previous long-term occupational exposure to solvents (67 retired painters and 22 retired aerospace manufacturing workers), and 126 retired carpenters with relatively minimal previous exposure to solvents. Subjects completed a standardised neuropsychological evaluation and psychiatric interview, structured interviews for histories of occupational exposure and alcohol consumption, and questionnaires assessing neurological and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: By comparison with the carpenters, the painters on average reported greater cumulative alcohol consumption and had ...
Background: The aim was to investigate possible associations between glioma (an aggressive type of brain cancer) and occupational exposure to selected agents: combustion products (diesel and gasoline exhaust emissions, benzo(a)pyrene), dusts (animal dust, asbestos, crystalline silica, wood dust) and some other chemical agents (formaldehyde, oil mist, sulphur dioxide). Methods. The INTEROCC study included cases diagnosed with glioma during 2000-2004 in sub-regions of seven countries. Population controls, selected from various sampling frames in different centers, were frequency or individually matched to cases by sex, age and center. Face-to-face interviews with the subject or a proxy respondent were conducted by trained interviewers. Detailed information was collected on socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, medical history and work history. Occupational exposure to the 10 selected agents was assessed by a job exposure matrix (JEM) which provides estimates of the probability and level of ...
Abstract Background The aim was to investigate possible associations between glioma (an aggressive type of brain cancer) and occupational exposure to selected agents: combustion products (diesel and gasoline exhaust emissions, benzo(a)pyrene), dusts (animal dust, asbestos, crystalline silica, wood dust) and some other chemical agents (formaldehyde, oil mist, sulphur dioxide). Methods The INTEROCC study included cases diagnosed with glioma during 2000-2004 in sub-regions of seven countries. Population controls, selected from various sampling frames in different centers, were frequency or individually matched to cases by sex, age and center. Face-to-face interviews with the subject or a proxy respondent were conducted by trained interviewers. Detailed information was collected on socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, medical history and work history. Occupational exposure to the 10 selected agents was assessed by a job exposure matrix (JEM) which provides estimates of the probability and ...
Plain text: Objectives We aimed to update an asthmagen job exposure matrix (JEM) developed in the late 1990s. Main reasons were: the number of suspected and recognised asthmagens has since tripled; understanding of the aetiological role of irritants in asthma and methodological insights in application of JEMs have emerged in the period. Methods For each agent of the new occupational asthma-specific JEM (OAsJEM), a working group of three experts out of eight evaluated exposure for each International Standard Classification of Occupations, 1988 (ISCO-88) job code into three categories: high (high probability of exposure and moderate-to-high intensity), medium (low-to-moderate probability or low intensity) and unexposed. Within a working group, experts evaluated exposures independently from each other. If expert assessments were inconsistent the final decision was taken by consensus. Specificity was favoured over sensitivity, that is, jobs were classified with high exposure only if the ...
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The aims of this study were to produce a population-based estimate of the prevalence of work-related exposure to lead and its compounds, to identify the main circumstances of exposures, and to collect information on the use of workplace control measures designed to decrease those exposures. Data came from the Australian Workplace Exposures Study, a nationwide telephone survey which investigated the current prevalence and circumstances of work-related exposure to 38 known or suspected carcinogens, including lead, among Australian workers aged 18-65 years. Using the web-based tool, OccIDEAS, semi-quantitative information was collected about exposures in the current job held by the respondent. Questions were addressed primarily at tasks undertaken rather than about self-reported exposures. A total of 307 (6.1%) of the 4993 included respondents were identified as probably being exposed to lead in the course of their work. Of these, almost all (96%) were male; about half worked in trades and ...
This companion document to the ACGIH® Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices book serves as a readily accessible reference for comparison of the most recently published values.
This companion document to the ACGIH® Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices book serves as a readily accessible reference for comparison of the most recently published values.
Objectives Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity. Work-related factors may influence the occurrence of this disorder. This case-control study estimated the associations between work-related physical and psychosocial factors and the risk of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension.. Methods The eligible women consisted of a random sample of the women who delivered a singleton live birth in 1997-1999 in six regions of Quebec and worked during pregnancy. Cases of preeclampsia (N=102) and gestational hypertension (N=99) were compared with normotensive controls (N=4381). Information on occupational exposures at the onset of pregnancy was collected during phone interviews a few weeks after delivery. Detailed information was obtained on work schedule, postures, physical exertion, work organization, noise, vibration, and extreme temperature. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) were estimated through polytomous logistic regression.. Results Women standing daily at least 1 hour ...
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Pacemakers (PM) or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) can be disturbed by magnetic field exposure at work. Based on experimental exposure of volunteers and the experience from in situ case studies, the authors present an approach to evaluate word safety and the workers fitness in such situations.. For the PMs situations, there are data allowing to make a decision in the majority of the cases. In the case of ICD, an adapted study is necessary. A protocol for risk evaluation was finalized, where the worker may move within the framework of his professional activity. These measures are made in his presence, while simultaneously monitoring the operation of the device.. Three practical realized cases of measurements are presented, with their difficulties of realization and their results.. Conclusion: A decision about the workers fitness can then be taken on the basis of this information. This approach can be extended to the other medical implants and with electromagnetic spectrum ...
Brian C. Lee (bclee at writes: , A liver carcinoma is considered benign? What kind of cell type was it? , 25-fold sounds pretty low. Was there any human exposure data to show , a non-carcinogenic exposure level? Sorry, I was mistaken in my initial post. The 75 ppm LOEL in males rats was for adenomas; carcinomas and adenomas were elevated at 375 ppm. The current occupational exposure level is 10 ppm. The proposal was to reduce that to 3 ppm in light of the new data, but that seems inadequate given the LOEL for liver adenoma in male rats. , : I am currently reviewing information concerning a proposed occupational , : exposure limit for an industrial chemical. The substance is a , : non-genotoxic carcinogen, which has been tested in both mouse and rat , : chronic/onco studies. In males of both species, statistically significant , : increases in liver adenomas/carcinomas were observed at exposure levels of , : 75 ppm. The company that manufactures the substance is proposing a TWA ...
Inspection guidelines: The Compliance Officer should verify that the training is provided at the time of initial employment and at least annually thereafter as well as whenever a change in an employees responsibilities, procedures, or work situation is such that an employees occupational exposure is affected. At the time of initial assignment to tasks where occupational exposure may take place means that employees must be trained prior to being placed in positions where occupational exposure may occur. The annual retraining for these employees must be provided within one year of their original training. This refresher training must cover topics listed in the standard to the extent needed and must emphasize new information or procedures. It does need to be an exact repetition of the previous annual training ...
Healthcare personnel handling cytostatic antineoplastic agents may be exposed to these drugs. Exposure may occur through inhalation, skin contact, skin absorption, ingestion, or injection during preparation, administration, and disposal. Since the late 70s, occupational exposure to these drugs has been recognized as a potential health hazard.. Since then, several countries have published guidelines and recommendations with the objective to improve operating procedures and safety workplace, and keep exposure levels as low as possible. As a consequence, operating procedures have been improved,biological and environmental monitoring have been used to assess contamination and exposure levels, and a lot of analytical methods have been developed and validated.. In general, the strategy used to prevent or minimize occupational exposure applies a combination of interventions, such as engineering controls, administrative and work practice controls, and personal protective equipment.. In Italy, the ...
We investigated occupational exposure to diesel motor exhaust (DME) and the risk of lung cancer by histological subtype among men, using elemental carbon (EC) as a marker of DME exposure. 993 cases and 2359 controls frequency-matched on age and year of study inclusion were analyzed by unconditional logistic regression in this Swedish case-control study. Work and smoking histories were collected by a questionnaire and telephone interviews. DME was assessed by a job-exposure matrix. We adjusted for age, year of study inclusion, smoking, occupational exposure to asbestos and combustion products (other than motor exhaust), residential exposure to radon and exposure to air pollution from road traffic. The OR for lung cancer for ever vs. never exposure to DME was 1.15 (95% CI 0.94-1.41). The risk was higher for squamous and large cell, anaplastic or mixed cell carcinoma than for alveolar cell cancer, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma. The OR in the highest quartile of exposure duration (,=34 ...
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Exposure-response (ER) modeling for fixed-dose combinations (FDC) has previously been found to have an inflated false positive rate (FP), i.e., observing a significant effect of FDC components when no true effect exists. Longitudinal exposure-response (LER) analysis utilizes the time course of the data and is valid for several clinical endpoints for FDCs. The aim of the study was to investigate if LER is applicable for the validation of FDCs by demonstrating the contribution of each component to the overall effect without inflation of FP rates. FP and FN rates associated with ER and LER analysis were investigated using stochastic simulation and estimation. Four hundred thirty-two scenarios with varying numbers of patients, duration, sampling frequency, dose distribution, design, and drug activity were analyzed using a range of linear, log-linear, and non-linear models to asses FP and FN rates. Lastly, the impact of the clinical trial parameters was investigated. LER analyses provided ...
Buy Biological Effects of Low Level Exposures to Chemicals and Radiation (9780873716659): NHBS - Edited By: EJ Calabrese, Lewis Publishers
Workplace exposures can also affect the health of a pregnancy. Some chemical exposures might be riskier for a fetus than its mother, due to its rapid development and smaller relative size. For most chemicals, we dont have good information on what levels of exposure might harm a fetus. Occupational exposure limits were intended to protect workers, and cannot necessarily be applied to a fetus ...
1.0 maintenance point for each full day attendance and 0.5 maintenance points for each half-day attendance at conference. Maximum of 2.0 points for conference. Upon proof of attendance ...
International Trade Fair and Congress for the topics: Safety, Security and Health at work, 26 - 29 October 2021, Düsseldorf, Germany
The case-control study presented in this issue of Epidemiology by Cassidy et al1 provides striking evidence of an association between occupational exposure to crystalline silica and lung cancer. The study not only demonstrated an overall positive association, but also very strong evidence for an exposure-response relationship. These findings are not themselves very surprising or novel given that similar findings have been reported in numerous previous studies. What makes these findings most remarkable is that they come from a population-based case-control study. This study design has rarely been capable of demonstrating convincing evidence for associations for exposures to occupational carcinogens due to low power and poor exposure classification stemming from their reliance on self-reported exposures. These studies have been of particularly limited use in demonstrating exposure-response relationships. In large part the success of this study is due to the unusually detailed questionnaires on ...
When assessing occupational exposures, repeated measurements are in most cases required. Repeated measurements are more resource intensive than a single measurement, so careful planning of the measurement strategy is necessary to assure that resources are spent wisely. The optimal strategy depends on the objectives of the measurements. Here, two different models of random effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) are proposed for the optimization of measurement strategies by the minimization of the variance of the estimated log-transformed arithmetic mean value of a worker group, i.e. the strategies are optimized for precise estimation of that value. The first model is a one-way random effects ANOVA model. For that model it is shown that the best precision in the estimated mean value is always obtained by including as many workers as possible in the sample while restricting the number of replicates to two or at most three regardless of the size of the variance components. The second model introduces ...
Today, while working at Home Depot, a customer tried to engage me in a conversation about which gardening tool would hypothetically be the best to kill his wife with. FML
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Retrospective exposure assessment using Bayesian methods.: This paper presents the application of a Bayesian framework for retrospective exposure assessment of
Introduction: To date, occupational exposure assessment of electromagnetic fields (EMF) has relied on occupation-based measurements and exposure estimates. However, misclassification due to between-worker variability remains an unsolved challenge. A source-based approach, supported by detailed subject data on determinants of exposure, may allow for a more individualized exposure assessment. Detailed information on the use of occupational sources of exposure to EMF was collected as part of the INTERPHONE-INTEROCC study. To support a source-based exposure assessment effort within this study, this work aimed to construct a measurement database for the occupational sources of EMF exposure identified, assembling available measurements from the scientific literature. Methods: First, a comprehensive literature search was performed for published and unpublished documents containing exposure measurements for the EMF sources identified, a priori as well as from answers of study subjects. Then, the ...
ILO: International Labour Organization - The International Labour Organization is the UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights
Hydrocarbon exposure has been shown to play an important role in the development of renal dysfunction in several occupational settings. In this study, renal screening was performed in a group of paint sprayers with exposure to hydrocarbon-based paints, recruited from a car manufacturing plant where personal protective equipment was widely used. The hydrocarbon exposure scores and various markers of renal injury were compared between these subjects and a group of paint sprayers from a previous study who did not use personal protective equipment regularly. Cumulative hydrocarbon exposure scores were calculated from a validated questionnaire. Serum creatinine, urinary total protein, albumin, transferrin, retinol-binding protein, and N-acetylglucosaminidase were evaluated, Both groups experienced heavy hydrocarbon exposure but sprayers who regularly used personal protective equipment had significantly reduced exposure scores due to improved skin and respiratory protection. A significant number of ...
AIMS: This study investigates whether work-related respiratory symptoms and acute falls in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), previously observed in current welders, are related to measured workplace exposures to total fume and metals. METHODS: At four work sites in New Zealand, changes in pulmonary function (and reported respiratory symptoms) were recorded in 49 welding workers (and 26 non-welders) exposed to welding fume. We also determined the personal breathing zone levels of total fume and various metals. RESULTS: Work-related respiratory symptoms were reported by 26.5% of welders and 11.5% of non-welders. These symptoms were related significantly to their personal breathing zone nickel exposure--with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval [CI] of the high exposure group (compared to a low exposure group of 7.0 [1.3-36.6]). There were non-significant associations with total fume exposure (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 0.6-12.2), and exposure index of greater than 10 years ...
Occupational exposure limit monograph for Fingolimod. Affordable occupational exposure limits (OEL) for pharmaceuticals with instant download.
The risk for occupational exposure to HIV has been well characterized in the developed world, but limited information is available about this transmission risk in resource-constrained settings facing the largest burden of HIV infection. In addition, the feasibility and utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) programs in these settings are unclear. Therefore, we examined the rate and characteristics of occupational exposure to HIV and the utilization of PEP among health care workers (HCW) in a large, urban government teaching hospital in Pune, India. Demographic and clinical data on occupational exposures and their management were prospectively collected from January 2003-December 2005. US Centers for Diseases Control guidelines were utilized to define risk exposures, for which PEP was recommended. Incidence rates of reported exposures and trends in PEP utilization were examined using logistic regression. Of 1955 HCW, 557 exposures were reported by 484 HCW with an incidence of 9.5 exposures per
Few studies have demonstrated gene/environment interactions in cancer research. Using data on high-risk occupations for 2258 case patients and 2410 control patients from two bladder cancer studies, we observed that three of 16 known or candidate bladder cancer susceptibility variants displayed statistically significant and consistent evidence of additive interactions; specifically, the GSTM1 deletion polymorphism (P-interaction ,= .001), rs11892031 (UGT1A, P-interaction = .01), and rs798766 (TMEM129-TACC3-FGFR3, P-interaction = .03). There was limited evidence for multiplicative interactions. When we examined detailed data on a prevalent occupational exposure associated with increased bladder cancer risk, straight metalworking fluids, we also observed statistically significant additive interaction for rs798766 (TMEM129-TACC3-FGFR3, P-interaction = .02), with the interaction more apparent in patients with tumors positive for FGFR3 expression. All statistical tests were two-sided. The interaction ...
Loi sur la santé et la sécurité au travail. R.R.O. 1990, REGULATION 833. CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO BIOLOGICAL OR CHEMICAL AGENTS. Historical version for the period July 1, 2010 to November 4, 2010.. Last amendment: O. Reg. 491/09.. This Regulation is made in English only.. 1. In this Regulation,. ACGIH means the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists; ACGIH Table means the table entitled Adopted Values shown at pages 10 to 61 of the publication entitled 2009 Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices published by ACGIH and identified by International Standard Book Number 978-1-882417-95-7; C or ceiling limit means the maximum airborne concentration of a biological or chemical agent to which a worker may be exposed at any time;. chemical agent includes a chemical substance;. exposure means exposure by inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption or skin contact;. Ontario Table means Table 1 to this Regulation;. STEL or short-term exposure limit means ...
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recently developed a process to apply the occupational exposure banding process to a broad spectrum of occupational settings. These bands are assigned based on a chemicals potency and the negative health outcomes associated with exposure to the chemical. The output of this process is an occupational exposure band, which corresponds to a range of exposure concentrations that is expected to be protective to worker health. The new NIOSH occupational exposure banding process uses available, but often limited, toxicological data to determine a potential range of chemical exposure levels that can be used as targets for exposure controls to reduce risk among workers. Comments are being sought from individuals including scientists and representatives from various government agencies, industry, labor, and other stakeholders, and also the public, specifically regarding any errors of fact, unsubstantiated claims, evidence of careless ...
Organic dust consists of particles with a biological origin. Airborne levels of bacteria, fungi, endotoxins, and glucans have been investigated in epidemiological studies of mucous membrane irritation, inflammation, and airway obstruction. Organic dust can be measured by gravimetry of filter samples. Microorganisms can be quantified by culture, microscopic, and DNA-based methods. Culture methods underestimate microbial exposure and have poor precision. However, high sensitivity and identification of species that indicate fungal contamination have advantages in indoor air studies. Microscopic and DNA-based methods quantify microorganisms independent of cultivability. Specific organisms can even be quantified with molecular techniques. Quantification of specific organic dust components is preferred to dust levels. However, no occupational exposure limits exist for specific agents, although criteria for endotoxin and fungal spores have been proposed. In exposure assessments of microbial agents, ...
This thesis focuses on exacerbating chemicals risk in workplaces under the background of rapid industrialization in developing countries. The overall aim is to investigate the development of regulatory tools which aim at minimizing the health risks from chemical substances in the workplace. The contents of the thesis are divided into three sections: the profile of occupational diseases in China (paper I), occupational exposure limits (paper II and III), and comparison between chemicals regulat ions in Europe and China (paper IV).. Paper I presents an analysis of the development of occupational diseases in China between 2000 and 2010. The number of recorded cases of occupational diseases increased rapidly in China during this period and the majority of cases were attributable to dust and other chemicals exposures. Difficulties in diagnosis and inefficient surveillance are major impediments to the proper identification and mitigation of occupational diseases. Migrant workers are extremely ...
Author(s): Omidakhsh, Negar; Bunin, Greta R; Ganguly, Arupa; Ritz, Beate; Kennedy, Nola; von Ehrenstein, Ondine S; Krause, Niklas; Heck, Julia E | Abstract: OBJECTIVES:We examined associations between parental occupational chemical exposures up to 10 years before conception and the risk of sporadic retinoblastoma among offspring. METHODS:In our multicentre study on non-familial retinoblastoma, parents of 187 unilateral and 95 bilateral cases and 155 friend controls were interviewed by telephone. Exposure information was collected retroactively through a detailed occupational questionnaire that asked fathers to report every job held in the 10 years before conception, and mothers 1 month before and during the index pregnancy. An industrial hygienist reviewed all occupational data and assigned an overall exposure score to each job indicating the presence of nine hazardous agents. RESULTS:We estimated elevated ORs for unilateral and bilateral retinoblastoma among offspring of fathers who were exposed to
First responders and military personnel experience rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) far in excess of the general population. Although exposure to acute traumatic events plays a role in the genesis of these disorders, in this review, we present an argument that the occupational and environmental conditions where these workers operate are also likely contributors. First responders and military personnel face occupational exposures that have been associated with altered immune and inflammatory activity. In turn, these physiological responses are linked to altered moods and feelings of well-being which may provide priming conditions that compromise individual resilience, and increase the risk of PTSD and depression when subsequently exposed to acute traumatic events. These exposures include heat, smoke, and sleep restriction, and physical injury often alongside heavy physical exertion. Provided the stimulus is sufficient, these exposures have been linked to inflammatory activity and
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Benzene is a known leukemogen and may cause lymphoma as well, but its ability to , cause these conditions below 10 parts per million (ppm) in air are unclear. It is currently regulated in the United States at 1 ppm as an 8-hour time-weighted average and at a 5 ppm short-term exposure level for 15 minutes. There is a critical need to assess risks related to benzene exposure under 10 ppm because it is widely used industrially and a ubiquitous contaminant in the environment.. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine (CAPM), whose name was recently changed to the China Center for Disease Control (CDC) previously established a cohort of 75,000 workers exposed to benzene in 12 cities in China and 35,000 unexposed comparison workers, to investigate the relationship between benzene exposure and cancer risk, from 1972 to 1987. We followed up each worker using factory records and reported results suggesting that benzene exposure under 10 ppm may be associated with ...
Adjusting occupational exposure limits for extended work shifts using OSHA regulations for lead and noise or via the brief and scala model
A historical cohort of service station attendants is underway. It is aimed at evaluating possible excess cancer risk relation to exposure intensity. In this paper we discuss the feasibility of a retrospective exposure assessment by evaluating the association between indicators of workload and the exposure intensity to some aromatic hydrocarbons...
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Data on CHD cases and control infants were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study for the period of 1997 to 2002. Exposure to PAHs was assigned by industrial hygienist consensus, based on self-reported maternal occupational histories from 1 month before conception through the third month of pregnancy. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between maternal occupational PAH exposure and specific CHD phenotypic subtypes among offspring ...
ILO: International Labour Organization - The International Labour Organization is the UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights
Objectives: Setting and implementing occupational exposure limits (OELs) is one of the measures taken to protect workers from adverse effects of hazardous chemicals. The EU Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) introduced an additional kind...
As of 4 May 2018, organisations are to observe the revised occupational exposure limits (OELs) for 2495 substances. A Decree adopted on 13 February 2018 sets out maximum allowable concentrations (MACs) for 2495 harmful substances in the air of working zone.The adopted revised OELs are compulsory for all types of organisations regardless of ownership and corporate structure.The
was provided a list of 66 chemicals used by FIS personnel in their laboratory work. The primary sources of information used to evaluate carcinogenicity potential was to identify the chemicals that have already been evaluated and classified by government and non-government agencies, such as Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) monographs, the National Toxicology Programs Report on Carcinogens (NTP RoC), European Commissions Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP), California Environmental Protection Agency - Proposition 65: List of Chemicals Known to Cause Cancer (CalEPA Prop 65), American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists - Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents & Biological Exposure Indices (ACGIH, 2009), and Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (ATSDR). If a chemical was not listed in any of these databases, further searches of publicly available ...
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Keeping up with Occupational Exposure Limits can be tough - especially if your organization is expanding into new geographies. Learn how you can simplify OEL management with a centralized system.
Documentation of posture measurement costs is rare and cost models that do exist are generally naïve. This paper provides a comprehensive cost model for biomechanical exposure assessment in occupational studies, documents the monetary costs of three exposure assessment methods for different stakeholders in data collection, and uses simulations to evaluate the relative importance of cost components. Trunk and shoulder posture variables were assessed for 27 aircraft baggage handlers for 3 full shifts each using three methods typical to ergonomic studies: self-report via questionnaire, observation via video film, and full-shift inclinometer registration. The cost model accounted for expenses related to meetings to plan the study, administration, recruitment, equipment, training of data collectors, travel, and onsite data collection. Sensitivity analyses were conducted using simulated study parameters and cost components to investigate the impact on total study cost. Inclinometry was the most expensive
Lessening the risk of occupational pesticide exposure in agriculture is the purpose of EPAs Agricultural Worker Protection Standard. Now, EPA is proposing to amend its 1992 regulation so that almost 2 million workers can benefit from annual pesticide safety training that will include how to better protect themselves from pesticide exposure in the workplace and from bringing pesticides home on their clothes, exposing their families to chemicals. The proposal also includes updated personal protective equipment standards for pesticide handlers; a first-time ever minimum age requirement for pesticide handlers and some workers; improvements in the notification of pesticide treated areas; and access to information on pesticide application, the pesticide label, and safety data for farmworkers and their advocates.. ...
We studied the mortality from lung and pleural cancers in a cohort of 62,937 male workers employed for at least 1 year in the pulp and paper industry in 13 countries during 1945 to 1996. Mill departments were classified according to probability and level of exposure to asbestos on the basis of available dust measurements and mill-specific information on exposure circumstances. Thirty-six percent of workers were classified as ever exposed to asbestos. Standardized mortality ratios of lung cancer were 0.99 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90 to 1.08) among unexposed and 1.00 (95% CI, 0.90 to 1.11) among ever exposed workers. The number of pleural cancer deaths among unexposed workers was 10; that among exposed workers was 14, most of which occurred among maintenance workers. In internal analyses, a trend in mortality from either neoplasm was suggested for estimated cumulative exposure to asbestos, weighted for the individual probability of exposure within the department and for duration of ...
The current pooled analyses of data from phase II trials in advanced melanoma represent the first quantification of exposure-response relationships for ipilimumab efficacy and safety endpoints in any tumor type. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to determine if there is an association between pharmacokinetics (exposure) and key clinical outcomes with ipilimumab, and to determine baseline patient characteristics that may impact these relationships. While there are 2 completed phase III clinical trials of ipilimumab in patients with advanced melanoma (4, 5), data from the 4 completed phase II studies included herein provide the largest dataset across a consistent patient population and treatment regimen, and provide a range of evaluated ipilimumab doses. Exposure-response analyses for ipilimumab at 10 mg/kg in combination with dacarbazine in patients with previously untreated advanced melanoma (5) are the subject of separate publications.. One of the objectives of the exposure-response ...
Author: Azizova T.B.. Reference: Candidate of medical sciences, 1999, Moscow. Keywords: neurology, personnel aged 35-45, syndrome. Abstract: The work presents a comprehensive view on the newest, by then, results of research made on the effect of ionizing radiation on the nervous system. Atomic neurology is a relatively new field of science, hence, this article has a value of being one of the earliest comprehensive works on the topic. The work describes details of syndromes detected in the liquidators of Chernobyl. Epidemiological data are shown.. URL: ...
The association of asthma with occupational exposures was studied in 14,151 adults, aged 25-59 years, from the general population of the 1975 French Pollution Atmosphérique et Affections Respiratoires Chroniques (PAARC) Survey. Associations of asthma with specific jobs, such as personal care workers, waiters, and stock clerks, were observed, with age-, sex-, and smoking-adjusted odds ratios between 1.5 and 1.7. Exposures to 18 asthmagenic agents (low and high molecular weight and mixed environment) were estimated by an asthma-specific job exposure matrix. Risks associated with asthma increased when subjects with imprecise estimates of exposure were excluded. Risks increased further with increasing specificity of the definition of asthma when considering jobs or specific agents, such as industrial cleaning agents, latex, flour, highly reactive chemicals, and textiles. For example, for industrial cleaning agents, odds ratios increased from 1.55 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08, 2.23) for ...
Maria Lorenzi successfully defended her M.Sc. project entitled Analysis of Occupational Cohort Data Using Exposure as a Continuous Time-dependent Variable on 3 August 2005.. In occupational cohort studies, a group of workers is followed over time, and disease and work history information are collected for each individual in order to determine whether exposure to a particular substance is linked to differences in mortality or disease incidence rates. These studies are typically analyzed by treating cumulative exposure as a categorical variable and then comparing disease or mortality rates between different exposure groups. A main shortfall of such analyses is a heavy dependence on the choice of these exposure categories, as certain choices may mask or exaggerate important features of the dose-response curve. In this project, an extension to the Cox proportional hazards model is used to treat cumulative exposure as a continuous variable and model the dose-response curve nonparametrically for a ...
Maria Lorenzi successfully defended her M.Sc. project entitled Analysis of Occupational Cohort Data Using Exposure as a Continuous Time-dependent Variable on 3 August 2005.. In occupational cohort studies, a group of workers is followed over time, and disease and work history information are collected for each individual in order to determine whether exposure to a particular substance is linked to differences in mortality or disease incidence rates. These studies are typically analyzed by treating cumulative exposure as a categorical variable and then comparing disease or mortality rates between different exposure groups. A main shortfall of such analyses is a heavy dependence on the choice of these exposure categories, as certain choices may mask or exaggerate important features of the dose-response curve. In this project, an extension to the Cox proportional hazards model is used to treat cumulative exposure as a continuous variable and model the dose-response curve nonparametrically for a ...
We are reviewing the Workplace exposure standards for airborne contaminants to ensure they are based on the highest quality, contemporary evidence and supported by a rigorous, scientific approach.. The draft evaluation reports for each chemical will be available for public comment. Chemicals will be released alphabetically throughout 2019 and 2020. Public comment will be open for each release for a period of four weeks on Engage.. The chemical release groups and the anticipated dates for opening public comment are outlined below. Please note these dates are indicative only. For the latest information please continue to visit Engage.. ...
(PRWEB) June 19, 2014 -- The Mesothelioma Compensation Center frequently gets phone calls from manufacturing workers who have no clue how, or where they could
Kouvonen, AM, Väänänen, A, Woods, SA, Heponiemi, T, Koskinen, A and Toppinen-Tanner, S (2008) Sense of coherence and diabetes: a prospective occupational cohort study ...
PAYROLL . If not, the #TAinnovators know that these negative effects may come about during your recruitment: From employer branding to not being seen by top talent, a bad job description can cause all sorts of issues that negate the hard work you are putting into your recruitment process. It is present in HTML editor, web application framework. Word. Its not necessary (and sometimes looks too good to be true! Write a brief summary paragraph that provides an overview of the job. PDF; Size: 169 KB. Or does it decrease the quality of candidates or lead to false impressions? A job description template details the specific requirements, responsibilities, job duties, and skills required to perform a role. PDF PREVIEW FORM PREVIEW. Make this part of your sample job description template across your company to get everyone creating job descriptions that set expectations. If the job poster requests it, [the candidates] need to have something. 100%. They are also useful as communication tools that are ...
Certain occupational exposures are known to increase cancer risk. These include hydrocarbons, heavy metals, mustard gas and chemicals used in leather, rubber and woodworking industries.
Occupational exposure[edit]. Outdoor workers are at risk of Lyme disease if they work at sites with infected ticks. This ... Exposure to the Borrelia bacterium during Lyme disease possibly causes a long-lived and damaging inflammatory response,[96] a ... Further information: Weather and climate effects on Lyme disease exposure. Transmission[edit]. Lyme disease is classified as a ... In the absence of an EM rash or history of tick exposure, Lyme diagnosis depends on laboratory confirmation.[54][106] The ...
Occupational exposure[edit]. People can breathe in vegetable oil mist in the workplace. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health ... has set a recommended exposure limit (REL) of 10 mg/m3 total exposure and 5 mg/m3 respiratory exposure over an 8-hour workday.[ ... for vegetable oil mist exposure in the workplace as 15 mg/m3 total exposure and 5 mg/m3 respiratory exposure over an 8-hour ... Due to their susceptibility to oxidation from the exposure to oxygen, heat and light, resulting in the formation of oxidation ...
Occupational exposure[edit]. Some occupations expose workers to higher levels of halogenated flame retardants and their ... Lorber, M. (2008). "Exposure of Americans to polybrominated diphenyl ethers". Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental ... exposure to PBDEs is through food intake, with the remaining exposure largely due to dust inhalation or ingestion.[50][51] ... A study conducted in Finland determined the occupational exposure of workers to brominated flame retardants and chlorinated ...
Occupational exposure[edit]. Intense and prolonged exposure to workplace dusts, chemicals, and fumes increases the risk of COPD ... Rushton L (2007). "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and occupational exposure to silica". Reviews on Environmental Health ... The primary cause of COPD is tobacco smoke, with occupational exposure and pollution from indoor fires being significant causes ... Kennedy SM, Chambers R, Du W, Dimich-Ward H (December 2007). "Environmental and occupational exposures: do they affect chronic ...
"NIOSH Occupational Exposure to Antineoplastic Agents". United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. ... Occupational precautions[edit]. Healthcare workers exposed to antineoplastic agents take precautions to keep their exposure to ... Oncologists are already individualizing dosing of some cancer drugs based on exposure. Carboplatin[25]:4 and busulfan[26][27] ... these drugs or nurses who may prepare or administer them are the two occupational groups with the highest potential exposure to ...
Z57) Occupational exposure to risk-factors. *(Z58) Problems related to physical environment ... Z20) Contact with and exposure to communicable diseases. *(Z21) Asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection ...
If a worker were to develop a hearing loss as a result of occupational noise exposures, it would be classified as occupational ... "NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20000050 - Criteria for a recommended standard... occupational noise exposure, revised ... Worker noise exposures in the Forestry and Logging industry have been found to be up to 102 dBA.[15] NIOSH recommends that a ... Noise exposures within the Forestry and Logging industry can be reduced by enclosing engines and heavy equipment, installing ...
Dis., 136 (1987), p. 1117 Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J. (2003). Exposure Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology. ... Exposure to PM2.5 has been associated with greater reductions in birth weight than exposure to PM10. PM exposure can cause ... Taking into account the OR and the prevalences of exposure, the highest PAF was estimated for traffic exposure (7.4%) ... ... "Taking into account the OR and the prevalences of exposure, the highest PAF was estimated for traffic exposure (7.4 ...
A known carcinogen after occupational inhalation exposure.[91] There is also evidence of cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of ... Occupational exposures associated with lung cancer, other common adverse health effects are beryllium sensitization, chronic ... Exposure in-utero causes fetal deficits in motor function, attention, and verbal domains.[91] Environmental effects in animals ... Exposure is caused by proximity to hazardous waste sites and factories and workers in the metal refining industry.. The ...
"Chapter 9 Occupational Exposure to Radiation]" (PDF). Radiation, People and the Environment. IAEA. pp. 39-42. Archived from the ... April 2005). "Radiation exposure of patients undergoing whole-body dual-modality 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations". J. Nucl. Med. 46 ... For PET-CT scanning, the radiation exposure may be substantial-around 23-26 mSv (for a 70 kg person-dose is likely to be higher ... PET scanning is non-invasive, but it does involve exposure to ionizing radiation.[3] ...
al-Masalkhi, A.; Walton, S.P. (1994). "Pulmonary fibrosis and occupational exposure to aluminum". The Journal of the Kentucky ... Dietary exposure in Europeans averages to 0.2-1.5 mg/kg/week but can be as high as 2.3 mg/kg/week.[144] Higher exposure levels ... Exposure routes. Food is the main source of aluminium. Drinking water contains more aluminium than solid food;[144] however, ... Exposure to powdered aluminium or aluminium welding fumes can cause pulmonary fibrosis.[153] Fine aluminium powder can ignite ...
"OSHA 29 CFR 1910.95 Occupational Noise Exposure Standard". Occupational Health and Safety Administration. 3 March 2011. ... the exposure is most often described in terms of sound exposure level (SEL), the logarithmic conversion of sound exposure into ... 29 CFR 1910.95 Occupational Noise Exposure Standard[6] or EU Directive 2003/10/EC. ... "Occupational Health and Safety Administration. 7 March 1996. Retrieved 9 April 2013.. ...
2,2'-Iminodi(ethylamine); Health-based Reassessment of Administrative Occupational Exposure Limits" (PDF). 2005.. ... "Health Council of the Netherlands: Committee on Updating of Occupational Exposure Limits. ... "National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser- ...
Exposure to microbiological agents in indoor and occupational environments. Viegas, Carla Sofia Costa,, Viegas, Susana,, Gomes ... National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. August 1, 2008. *^ a b c d e Clinical environmental health and toxic ... Mold exposure has a variety of health effects, and sensitivity to mold varies. Exposure to mold may cause throat irritation, ... Exposure to mold may heighten sensitivity, depending on the time and nature of exposure. People with chronic lung diseases are ...
The primary cause of COPD is tobacco smoke, with occupational exposure and pollution from indoor fires being significant causes ... Kennedy SM, Chambers R, Du W, Dimich-Ward H (December 2007). "Environmental and occupational exposures: do they affect chronic ... ISBN 978-0-12-374001-4. Rushton, Lesley (2007). "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Occupational Exposure to Silica". ... 2009). "Relationship between cigarette smoking and occupational exposures". Asthma and COPD: Basic Mechanisms and Clinical ...
Occupational exposure has resulted in broad-ranging functional disturbance, including erethism, irritability, excitability, ... and have established specific occupational exposure limits. Environmental releases and disposal of mercury are regulated in the ... McFarland, RB & Reigel, H (1978). "Chronic Mercury Poisoning from a Single Brief Exposure". J. Occup. Med. 20 (8): 532-4. doi: ... With continuing exposure, a fine tremor develops and may escalate to violent muscular spasms. Tremor initially involves the ...
Occupational exposureEdit. Battery recycling workers are at risk for lead exposure.[89] This worker ladles molten lead into ... In adults, occupational exposure is the main cause of lead poisoning.[5] People can be exposed when working in facilities that ... "Occupational health and safety - chemical exposure". Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment ... Gochfeld, M (2005). "Chronologic history of occupational medicine". Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 47 (2 ...
Occupational workers' exposure to toxic chemicalsEdit. According to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) ... Occupational exposure to chemicals can happen through direct skin contact, inhalation, ingestion or eye contact. People working ... Byczkowski, JZ; Gearhart, JM; Fisher, JW (1994). ""Occupational" exposure of infants to toxic chemicals via breast milk". ... Pregnant women's exposure to chemicalsEdit. Pregnant women exposure to toxic chemicals in daily basis "can impact the ...
"Bioaerosol Health Effects and Exposure Assessment: Progress and Prospects". Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 47 (3): 187-200. ... Snyder, C (2005). "The dirty work of promoting "recycling" of America's sewage sludge". International Journal of Occupational ... have been correlated with exposure to Class B untreated sludge and not Class A treated sludge. ... Occupational Health. 62 (1): 5-11. CiteSeerX doi:10.3200/AEOH.62.1.5-11. PMID 18171641.. ...
"Occupational Noise Exposure". "Recreational Firearm Noise Exposure". American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. ... Mine Safety and Health Administration (2000). Compliance Guide to MSHA's Occupational Noise Exposure Standard. U.S. Department ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Kardous, Chuck (2016-02-08). "Understanding Noise Exposure Limits: Occupational vs. ... "Ear Muffs: A Field Guide -- Occupational Health & Safety". Occupational Health & Safety. Retrieved 2016-10-28. Lipper, Joanna ( ...
"Calender maker". Spiegelhalder, B. (September 1983). "Occupational nitrosamine exposure. 1. Rubber and tyre industry". ...
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "Occupational exposure guidelines". Archived from the original ... 0401". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "Methyl cellosolve". Immediately Dangerous to Life or ...
"Safety and Health Topics , Occupational Noise Exposure , Occupational Safety and Health Administration". ... "Occupational Noise Exposure and Incident Hypertension in Men: A Prospective Cohort Study". American Journal of Epidemiology. ... "Controls for Noise Exposure , NIOSH , CDC". 2020-06-22. Retrieved 2020-11-22. "How is Sound Measured?". It's a ... Alternatively, an organization or company may measure a person's exposure to environmental noise in a workplace via a noise ...
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration has established maximum noise levels for occupational exposure, beyond ... ISBN 978-0-07-026942-2. U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Washington, D.C. "Occupational noise exposure." ... Excess non-Occupational noise exposure, hearing loss on both public and private property, speech interference on both public ... In recent years, Buy Quiet programs and initiatives have arisen in an effort to combat occupational noise exposures. These ...
"Occupational Heat Exposure". Aquadecks Group. "Geo-Melt Thermal Treatment Process". Retrieved Oct 30, 2013. Thompson, L.E. (24- ... "Synthetic Organic Contaminants and their Standards". National Institute for Occupational Safety. "Organic Solvents". U.S. ...
1983). Occupational noise exposure; hearing conservation amendment, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 29 CFR ... Occupational Noise Exposure. Washington, DC: Federal Railroad Administration. U.S. Department of Defense. (2004). Instruction ... In recent years, Buy Quiet programs and initiatives have arisen in an effort to combat occupational noise exposures. These ... 1999). Health Standards for Occupational Noise Exposure: Final Rule (30 CFR Part 62, 64 Fed. Reg. 49548-49634, 49636-49637). ...
Every occupational exposure to asbestos can cause injury or disease; every occupational exposure to asbestos contributes to the ... Airborne occupational exposure limits for asbestos are based on using the PCM method. The American Conference of Governmental ... Exposure to asbestos in the form of fibers is always considered dangerous. Working with, or exposure to, material that is ... According to OSHA, "there is no 'safe' level of asbestos exposure for any type of asbestos fiber. Asbestos exposures as short ...
Historically occupational exposure to dioxins has been a major problem.[28] Dioxins are formed as important toxic side products ... Sources of human exposure[edit]. The most important source of human exposure is fatty food of animal origin (see Human intake, ... After accidental or high occupational exposures there is evidence on human carcinogenicity.[29][30] There is much controversy ... "EU Dioxin exposure and health data 1999" (PDF). *^ a b c Matthew Lorber; Linda Phillips (Jun 2002). "Infant ...
"Relationship between the lead concentration in hair and occupational exposure". Br J Ind Med. 40 (1): 67-70. doi:10.1136/oem. ... Occupational, environmental and alternative medicine[edit]. Main article: Hair analysis (alternative medicine) ... Hair analysis has been used in occupational,[18] environmental and some branches of alternative medicine as a method of ... Using the results, as part of a proper examination or test protocol,[19] practitioners screen for toxic exposure and heavy ...
"Occupational exposures and risk of female infertility". J Occup Environ Med. 39 (2): 138-47. doi:10.1097/00043764-199702000- ... because it is difficult to measure continuous exposure to the risk of pregnancy over a period of years. ... "Exposure to environmental toxins in males seeking infertility treatment: a case-controlled study". Reprod Biomed Online. 16 (6 ...
... from the exposure to the residue whether directly from the consumption of such food or from other non-occupational sources.[3][ ...
Minimizing such occurrences as soon as possible is a primary mission of occupational and physical therapists employed within ... stress and burning even after a very short ten-minute exposure, when such positioning is contrived during recovery. Muscular ...
"Chapter 9 Occupational Exposure to Radiation]" (PDF). Radiation, People and the Environment. IAEA. pp. 39-42. Archived from the ... April 2005). "Radiation exposure of patients undergoing whole-body dual-modality 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations". J. Nucl. Med. 46 ... For PET-CT scanning, the radiation exposure may be substantial-around 23-26 mSv (for a 70 kg person-dose is likely to be higher ... PET scanning is non-invasive, but it does involve exposure to ionizing radiation.[3] ...
"Risk of Exposure". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 12 October 2014. Archived from the original on 16 October ... "Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014. ... The length of time between exposure to the virus and the development of symptoms (incubation period) is between two and 21 days ... Endothelial cells may be infected within three days after exposure to the virus.[49] The breakdown of endothelial cells leading ...
Dunning and Kruger tested the hypotheses of the cognitive bias of illusory superiority on undergraduate students of introductory courses in psychology by examining the students' self-assessments of their intellectual skills in logical reasoning (inductive, deductive, abductive), English grammar, and personal sense of humor. After learning their self-assessment scores, the students were asked to estimate their ranks in the psychology class. The competent students underestimated their class rank, and the incompetent students overestimated theirs, but the incompetent students did not estimate their class rank as higher than the ranks estimated by the competent group. Across four studies, the research indicated that the study participants who scored in the bottom quartile on tests of their sense of humor, knowledge of grammar, and logical reasoning overestimated their test performance and their abilities; despite test scores that placed them in the 12th percentile, the participants estimated they ...
2013). Handbook of Occupational Dermatology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 231. ISBN 978-3-662-07677-4. . Archived from ... and neither cleanliness nor exposure to sunlight appears to play a part.[2][13][14] In both sexes, hormones called androgens ... Even minimal skin exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays can sustain hyperpigmentation.[35] Daily use of SPF 15 or higher ... due to exposure to certain chemicals, may look very similar to acne vulgaris.[74] ...
In the 21st century, with increased exposure of the transgender community, there have been some initiatives calling for unisex ... which means setting state guidelines through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). For non-work related ...
However, when massive short-term exposure occurs, acute pneumonitis can set in, but symptoms do not manifest themselves for 3 ... s "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0054". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "Beryllium ...
The risk factors for FND can include trauma, illness exposure, symptom monitoring, and abnormal beliefs and expectations about ... The symptom or deficit causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas ...
"National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).. *^ Ringer, A. L.; Sherrill, C. D.; King, R. A.; Crawford, T. D ... depending on exposure.[18] Lethal dose through inhalation typically ranges from 100 to 150 milligrams (1.5 to 2.3 grains). ... Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health. ...
... "ventilation can only dilute or partially displace contaminants and occupational exposure limits are based on the 'as low as ... The Health Consequesnces of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health ... See in particular Article 8 Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke. *^ Barendregt JJ, Bonneux L, van der Maas PJ (October ... Smoking bans, or smoke-free laws, are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations, ...
Committee to Assess Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, Board on Radiation Effects Research, U.S. ... Norris P (2001). "How 'we' are different from 'them': occupational boundary maintenance in the treatment of musculo-skeletal ... Occupational And Professional Licensing, Chiropractic Practitioners, Chiropractic Advanced Practice Certification Registry. ... Occupational And Professional Licensing, Chiropractic Practitioners, Chiropractic Advanced Practice Certification Registry (PDF ...
This improves the contrast resolution of the image, but also increases radiation exposure for the patient.[16] ... and dosimeters used to measure the local radiation exposure, dose, and/or dose rate, for example, for verifying that radiation ...
Occupational disease. *Occupational exposure limit. *Occupational health psychology. *Occupational injury. *Occupational stress ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ... What is occupational health psychology [2] *^ a b Tetrick, L.E., & Quick, J.C. (2011). Overview of occupational health ... Occupational Health Psychology (OHP). [1] *^ a b Everly, G.S., Jr. (1986). An introduction to occupational health psychology. ...
"National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).. *↑ In contrast, AlBr3 has a more molecular structure, with the ... NIOSH (US health exposure limits): PEL (Permissible). none[6] REL (Recommended). 2 mg/m3[6] ...
Hellbrügge consulted psychologists, occupational therapists and other mental healthcare professionals whose knowledge and ... the potential for harm from exposure to particular agents, the accuracy of diagnostic tests, and the predictive power of ... Stanley P, Ramsey D (November 15, 2012). "Music therapy in physical medicine and rehabilitation". Australian Occupational ... "Safe sound exposure in the fetus and preterm infant". Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 41 (2): 166-70 ...
Prenatal exposure of BaP to rats is known to affect learning and memory in rodent models. Pregnant rats eating BaP were shown ... in the first work of occupational cancer epidemiology and also the first connection of any chemical mixture to cancer formation ... Lee, BM; Shim, GA (Aug 2007). "Dietary exposure estimation of benzo[a]pyrene and cancer risk assessment". Journal of Toxicology ... In experiments with male rats, sub-chronic exposure to inhaled BaP has been shown to generally reduce the function of testicles ...
Markers of occupational stress, which include morphological changes to the skeleton and dentition as well as joint changes at ... injuries on human remains have shown that a person's social status and gender can have a significant impact on their exposure ... "What can bones tell about labour and occupation : the analysis of skeletal markers of occupational stress in the Identified ... Capasso, L; Kennedy, K.A.R.; Wilczak, C (1999). Atlas of occupational markers on human remains. Edigrafital. Lane, W. Arbuthnot ...
Occupational hygiene *Exposure assessment. *Occupational exposure limit. *Workplace health surveillance. *Safety culture *Code ...
... this exposure is a significant occupational hazard for health care professionals.[16] Exposure to dangerous chemicals, ... Occupational hazards[edit]. See also: Occupational hazards in dentistry and Nursing § Occupational hazards ... "Exposure to Stress: Occupational Hazards in Hospitals". NIOSH Publication No. 2008-136 (July 2008). 2 December 2008. doi: ... Occupational stress and occupational burnout are highly prevalent among health professionals.[12] Some studies suggest that ...
"Recreational and occupational field exposure to freshwater cyanobacteria - a review of anecdotal and case reports, ... The microcystins and nodularins poison the liver, and exposure to high doses can cause death. Exposure to low doses in drinking ... Recreational exposure to cyanobacteria can result in gastro-intestinal and hay fever symptoms or pruritic skin rashes.[2] ... The progressive symptoms of anatoxin-a exposure are loss of coordination, twitching, convulsions and rapid death by respiratory ...
Estimated Exposures and Thyroid Doses Received by the American People from Iodine-131 in Fallout Following Nevada Atmospheric ... Similarly, it is difficult to access the outdated medical and occupational documentation that the government required even ... Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Thyroid Screening (1999). Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada ... "Get the Facts about Exposure to I-131 Radiation". NIH National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 16 June 2018.. ...
OSHA Regulations on Occupational Noise Exposure. *Working with Decibels (RF signal and field strengths) ... The ratio of the sound intensity that causes permanent damage during short exposure to that of the quietest sound that the ear ...
Schlaug also found that there was a strong correlation of musical exposure before the age of seven, and a great increase in the ... Focal hand dystonia is a task-related movement disorder associated with occupational activities that require repetitive hand ... lack of exposure to music or deafness, or brain damage after birth.[89] Amusic brains have been found in fMRI studies to have ...
Prolonged exposure to rosin fumes released during soldering can cause occupational asthma (formerly called colophony disease[7] ... "colophony disease", Archaic Medical Terms List, Occupational, on Antiquus Morbus website". 2011-07-29. ...
Occupational medicine is the branch of clinical medicine most active in the field of occupational health. Occupational health ... Sun Exposure (UVA र UVB rays). *Heat Stress र dehydration. *Noise. Chemical work hazards ... Occupational health law र ethics[सम्पादन गर्ने]. Occupational physicians must be aware of the extensive health र safety ... ergonomists र occupational health Nurses, active in the multi-disciplinary practice of occupational health, as well as with ...
... based on sufficient evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer. ... CDC - Occupational Cancer - Carcinogen List - NIOSH Safety and Health Topic. *Recognized Carcinogens ...
"Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 59 (7): 428-433. doi:10.1136/oem.59.7.428. ISSN 1351-0711. PMC 1740325. PMID 12107289. ... The long-term effects of this historical secondhand smoke exposure have not been well characterized.[61] ... "Flight Attendants : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics". Retrieved 2019-03-27.. ... "Flight Attendants : Occupational Outlook Handbook : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics". Retrieved 2012-08-22.. ...
In regards to occupational exposure of silane to workers, the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has set ... "National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser- ... over a 4-hour exposure. In addition, contact with eyes may form silicic acid with resultant irritation.[24] ... a recommended exposure limit of 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) over an eight-hour time-weighted average.[25] ...
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Exposure to Stress. Occupational Hazards in Hospitals. DEPARTMENT OF ... More information about occupational stress . . . . . . . 10. iii. Exposure to Stress. Introduction. Occupational stress has ... What causes occupational stress? The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines occupational stress ... EXPOSURE TO STRESS. Occupational Hazards in Hospitals. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has no occupational exposure data on illicit drugs for workers that may ... There are no established federal or consensus occupational exposure limits for illicit drugs. The recommendations provided are ... These recommendations cover examples of common exposures but are not intended to prescribe PPE for every responder or exposure ... and then the potential level of exposure anticipated. Potential exposure levels are defined as follows:. Minimal: Response to a ...
Department of Health offers guidance to clinicians for prescribing postexposure prophylaxis following occupational exposure to ... Exposed workers who sustain an occupational exposure should be ensured access to post-exposure services within 1 to 2 hours of ... The employer should ensure that any employee who sustains an occupational exposure has access to post-exposure services within ... Post-exposure services for exposures to all bloodborne pathogens include but are not limited to:. *. Post-exposure evaluation ...
Home » Reporting & Analysis » Databases » Occupational Radiation Exposure. Welcome. The Occupational Radiation Exposure website ... DOE 2018 Occupational Radiation Exposure annual report - Latest report and analysis on occupational exposures at DOE sites. ... Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) is the database of occupational radiation exposures for all monitored DOE employees ... The Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) database tracks occupational radiation exposures for all monitored DOE ...
Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Carbon Disulfide. ... Biologic Effects of Exposure. 77-156C.PDF (92 pages, 3,512K)pdf icon. ...
Evaluating Exposure. Person to person transmission of botulism does not occur. The symptoms are not caused by the organism ... The following references provide useful information about the management of exposures to botulinum toxin. ... the bacterium releases which usually appear within 12 to 36 hours but can range from four hours to eight days after exposure. ...
Environmental heat stress in the occupational setting requires aggressive heat illness prevention programs to reduce heat- ... Thomas R.J., Williams A.L. (2018) Heat Exposure and Impact on Occupational Settings. In: Hosokawa Y. (eds) Human Health and ... Thonneau P, Bujan L, Multigner L, Mieusset R (1998) Occupational heat exposure and male fertility: a review. Hum Reprod 13(8): ... 2.Occupational Health Clinic, Directorate of Public Health, Walter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA ...
OSHA is withdrawing its 1997 proposed standard on Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis (TB). Because of a broad range of ... Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis. A Proposed Rule by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration on 12/31/2003. ... and a permanent occupational health standard under section 6(b) of the Act to protect workers from occupational exposure to TB ... exposure to specific hazards. TB is primarily a public health hazard, however, and occupational exposure at this time is in ...
Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis. A Proposed Rule by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration on 03/05/2002. ... L. 106-113) including evaluation of the risks to health care workers due to occupational exposure to TB, the extent to which ... On October 17, 1997, OSHA published a proposed standard for Occupational Exposure to TB (62 FR 54160). In the proposal, the ... having published numerous scientific papers in the area of occupational exposure to and treatment of TB. Dr. Menzies is also an ...
Occupational Exposure Fact Sheet to reduce your risk of HIV. ... Worried about HIV exposure at work? Follow precautions & ... What is occupational exposure to HIV?. *Your skin is broken by equipment that has been in contact with a patients blood. ... Occupational HIV exposure is rare but should be managed immediately as an urgent medical concern. If you think youve been ... 5. Kuhar, D.T. et al (2013) Updated US Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to human ...
Occupational & Residential Acetone Exposure Risks. EMSL Analytical provides testing services to identify exposure risks to ... acetone exposure. indoor air quality. manufactured chemical. occupational safety. Contact Information. Joseph Frasca. Senior ... could be at risk of exposure. Exposure can also occur in smokers or those exposed to second-hand smoke. ... In occupational settings, workers may be exposed to acetone if they are employed at a facility that manufactures paints, ...
ALS linked to occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields. Health 29 March 2017 By New Scientist staff and Press ... Workplace exposure to electromagnetic fields is linked to a higher risk of developing the most common form of motor neurone ... Journal reference: Occupational & Environmental Medicine, DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2016-103780. Read more: Microsoft app helps people ... frequency magnetic fields were twice as likely to develop ALS as people who have never had this kind of occupational exposure. ...
OSHA Collecting Final Input as it Considers Rule on Occupational Exposure to Beryllium in the Construction and Shipyard ... issued a new Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Occupational Exposure to Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds in Construction and ... The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has raised its civil penalties for the fifth year in a row. The increase this ... The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires most employers with 10 or more employees to track and report ...
OSHA-H005C-2006-0870-0353] RIN 1218-AB76 Occupational Exposure to Beryllium AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health ... OSHA published a proposed rule to amend its existing exposure limits for occupational exposure in general industry to beryllium ... Occupational Exposure to Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds. The proposed rule was published in the Federal Register on August ... regulating occupational exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. OSHA accepted comments concerning the proposed rule ...
Occupational exposure to ethylene oxide of hospital staff. Bibliographic information. Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.12, No.1, p.59-65. ... Occupational exposure to ethylene oxide was assessed among the workers in direct contact with ethylene oxide or with ethylene ... The samples collected from the occupational environment were analysed by gas chromatography with mass detection. The analytical ... personal sampling; mass spectrometry; gas chromatography; exposure evaluation; sampling and analysis; Poland. ...
Annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure , 2016 Report The DOE 2016 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes ... Annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure , 2015 Report The DOE 2015 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes ... Annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure , 2014 Report The DOE 2014 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes ... Annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure , 2013 Report The DOE 2013 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes ...
Contaminated bodily fluid exposures are almost always stressful. First, let me say that your exposure appears to be very "low ... 2. If you suspect mucous membrane exposure, irrigate with water copiously immediately after the potential exposure. 3. You ... Nevertheless, based on the facts that you shared with me, I would say your risk is extremely low for exposure to blood borne ... at the site of exposure, fever, chills, etc). The facts that (1) the skin of your arm had no open cuts, abrasions, or breaks in ...
possible asbestos exposure worryingfather Hello, Five days ago, my family went to Vancouver, BC, Canada. In a Royal Bank of ... Dust exposure can be irritating to the respiratory tree (including the nasal passages). Has your son experienced nose bleeds in ... Your symptoms of: itchy eyes, sneezing and coughing symptoms are consistent with dust exposure of some type and aggravation of ... is it because these black stuff were likely not asbestos or because our exposures were small. We drove 8 hours after this ...
The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) reports that approximately 90,000 workers are potentially exposed to ... Preventing Occupational Exposure Risks to Styrene. The American Board of Industrial Hygiene (ABIH ) reminds workers and ... Occupational Health. Contact Information. Paul Cochrane. President. Cochrane & Associates, LLC. Contact via E-mail. This news ... The U.S. National Library of Medicine states that long-term exposure may cause brain disease, liver damage, nerve tissue damage ...
... airborne exposures to engineered nanomaterials in the workplace is difficult in the absence of occupational exposure limits ( ... Paustenbach DJ (1998) Occupational exposure limits. In: Stellman J (ed) Encyclopedia of occupational health and safety. ... Cook WA (1987) Occupational exposure limits-worldwide. American Industrial Hygiene Association, AkronGoogle Scholar ... McHattie GV, Rackham M, Teasdale EL (1988) The derivation of occupational exposure limits in the pharmaceutical-industry. J Soc ...
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Home , Research , Centers and Institutes , Education & Research Center , CE , Webinar for Preventing Occupational Exposure to ... Preventing Occupational Exposure to. Bloodborne Pathogens in Healthcare. FREE 4-Part Series Webinar. ... Handelman was the Director of the Office of Occupational Health Nursing at the Occupational Safety and Healths (OSHAs) ... Occupational and Environmental Health Consultant. Ms. Handelman currently serves on the Board of Directors for the ...
Occupational Hearing Loss Frequent exposure to loud noise of a particular pitch can cause loss of hair cells in the part of the ... FIGURE 33.11 Effects of age and occupational noise exposure on hearing. The graph shows the threshold hearing capacities (in ... 33.11, "Effects of age and occupational noise exposure on hearing" in the textbook. The graphical representation shows the ... Continuous exposure to loud noises can damage hair cells in the inner ear that may result in a temporary or permanent hearing ...
This program is part of a NYS DOL HAB grant #C19006GG to the Western New York Council on Occupational Safety and Health ( ... NYWEAs Member Education Committee has transitioned the Occupational Chemical Exposure training to a 2-part Lunch & Learn ... Occupational Chemical Exposure 2 Part MEC Webinar Series. NYWEAs Member Education Committee has transitioned the Occupational ... This program is part of a NYS DOL HAB grant #C19006GG to the Western New York Council on Occupational Safety and Health ( ...
Occupational exposures from spirit-duplicator operations. T tulo original. Risques auxquels sexposent les travailleurs qui ... Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. E., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 1H6, 1984. 9p. Illus. 14 ref ...
P290 The respiratory health effects of occupational exposure to charcoal dust among namibian charcoal factory workers ... Asbestos exposure and histological subtype of malignant mesothelioma P Franklin, H Alfonso, A Reid, N Olsen, K B Shilkin, F ... 1322 Exposure to static magnetic fields and disturbances of active implantable medical devices R Pääkkönen, L Korpinen ... Inflammation in induced sputum after aluminium oxide exposure: an experimental chamber study LIB Sikkeland, N E Alexis, RC Fry ...
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE, Assessment of Occupational Exposure Due to External Sources of ... This Safety Guide, co-sponsored by the ILO, addresses the assessment of exposure to external sources of radiation in the ... Protection of the Public against Exposure Indoors due to Radon and Other Natural Sources of Radiation. ...
INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE LTD(UK),WISE & MUNRO LEARNING RESEARCH(NL),KAROLINSKA INSTITUTE(SE),ATO B.V.(NL), ... job task-related exposures, and (b) for the rapid, semi-quantitative assessment at the worksite of allergen exposure levels.. ... Immunoassay methods will be evaluated and improved for the measurement of airborne concentrations of occupational allergens: ... as a major step towards standardization of work-related allergen exposure assessment. In addition, methods will be developed, ...
1451 Occupational exposure to pesticides among farmers: outcomes of survey and leads for prevention Y Moreau, A-S Lacauve, S ... 1633a Organic dust exposure - beneficial or harmful? V Schlünssen. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Apr 2018, 75 (Suppl ... 1649b Eu directive 2013/35/eu on occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields L Korpinen, R Pääkkönen ... 780 Contributions of dermal vs air exposure to biomonitoring for solvent exposure Matteo Creta, Horatiu Moldovan, Septimiu ...
... the occupational risk for medical workers is low, with good practice. ... While medical radiation accounts for over 95 per cent of the populations artificial radiation exposure, ... ARPANSA has been monitoring and reporting on medical exposures for decades, there is a thorough understanding of occupational ... While medical radiation accounts for over 95 per cent of the populations artificial radiation exposure, the occupational risk ...
  • The agency goes on to state that exposure to asphalt fumes can cause serious injury and permanent damage and that workers that may be exposed to asphalt fumes need to be aware of the potential hazards in their work environment. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") issued a January 17th news release stating that Philadelphia Energy Solutions ("PES") has been cited for violations of safety and health hazards related to process. (
  • This knowledge and the proper use of personal protective equipment can be instrumental in reducing exposure risks to styrene and a wide range of other potential workplace hazards. (
  • In the absence of adequate quantitative data, qualitative approaches to hazard assessment, exposure control, and safe work practices are prudent measures to reduce hazards in workers. (
  • Industrial or Occupational Hygienists are often on the front line of anticipating and recognizing the hazards of chemical exposure for workers, and must assess the risk of exposure through the use of OELs so that proper control strategies can be implemented to keep workers below the OEL values. (
  • Short-term exposure limit Acceptable daily intake Tolerable daily intake No-observed-adverse-effect level Lowest-observed-adverse-effect level Reference dose Exposure action value Occupational hygiene - Management of workplace health hazards PIMEX A method to make invisible hazards in the work environment visible and thus facilitate the reduction of hazards and risks in workplaces European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (
  • Exposure to occupational dusts poses many hazards to workers' health and safety. (
  • Whether it's chemicals, loud noise or physical hazards, few business risks are as challenging or as critical as occupational workplace exposures. (
  • This high prevalence of employment leads to a high number of pregnancies with potential exposure to various occupational hazards. (
  • The medical community had to understand what the occupational health hazards of excessive noise were and how they could be prevented or reduced. (
  • The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs ® ) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs ® ) are developed as guidelines to assist in the control of health hazards. (
  • ACOEM asserts that health monitoring for workers with potential exposure to respiratory hazards, using standardized respiratory questionnaires and periodic spirometry testing, is a well accepted and widely available occupational health practice. (
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals has been known to be associated with health hazards like acute bronchitis, cancer etc. from time immemorial. (
  • The purpose was to inform employees and employers about the potential hazards of food flavorings containing diacetyl, recommend exposure controls to reduce exposures to food flavorings containing diacetyl, and inform employers of applicable mandatory OSHA standards. (
  • No consideration is given to airborne exposure hazards. (
  • When we talk about workplace exposures, it's hard to conceive of a more varying and serious set of hazards than what first responders encounter. (
  • Excess risks were found for occupational exposure to fungicides (OR = 1.5) and herbicides (OR = 1.6) in the moderate-high level after adjustment for potential confounding factors. (
  • EMSL Analytical provides testing services to identify exposure risks to acetone and other industrial and household chemicals. (
  • To help identify and prevent exposure risks, EMSL offers testing services for acetone and a wide range of other chemicals. (
  • EMSL also recently sponsored an educational video about acetone and potential exposure risks that can be seen at: (
  • Air testing, engineering controls and work practices along with personal protective equipment are instrumental for mitigating these exposure risks. (
  • Certified Industrial Hygienists are uniquely qualified to monitor exposure risks and implement workplace health and safety programs to protect workers and keep companies in regulatory compliance. (
  • In addition to risks associated with pesticides and herbicides, the study also found workers who didn't have asthma had an increased risk of COPD when they had any exposure to toxic mineral dust, gases, fumes and vapors. (
  • All medical facilities are aware of the potential risks of ionising radiation and assure that exposure is avoided or minimised. (
  • We estimated standardized mortality ratios using the general population as referents, and we estimated relative risks using an internal low-exposure group as controls. (
  • ECHA's Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC) provides opinions on occupational exposure limits under the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive (2004/37/EC) and the Chemical Agents Directive (98/24/EC) on worker protection from risks related to exposure to substances found in the workplace. (
  • Exposure scenarios describe the conditions of use required to keep risks under control during manufacturing and all identified uses of the substance down the supply chain. (
  • Ideally, workers should be informed of the various risks of exposure that are associated with their work before they begin training. (
  • The NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin ("Occupational Exposure to Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers") provides some initial guidance to the potential health risks for workers who may be exposed to these nano-substances. (
  • This funding opportunity will use the R01 award mechanism to support research projects in addressing various aspects of the problems associated with developing innovative methods for quantifying reproductive and developmental risks from exposure to environmental and occupational chemicals, and/or projects to identify and investigate study populations exposed to chemicals involved in reproductive or developmental toxicity. (
  • The Center for the Evaluation of Risk to Human Reproduction (CERHR) was established in 1998 by the National Toxicology Program and the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences to improve our understanding of potential reproductive and developmental risks associated with environmental and occupational chemical exposures. (
  • For more information on these and other occupational risks, visit the OSHA website . (
  • Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by exposure to ten brominated diphenyl ethers. (
  • There are specific hexavalent chromium standards to protect workers from exposure risks and Certified Industrial Hygienists are uniquely qualified to conduct risks assessments and monitor exposures to protect both workers and communities. (
  • Risks associated with occupational and environmental exposure are generally small, but the exposed population, and hence the population attributable risk, may be large. (
  • After an initial assessment exercise, RPS highlighted several exposure risks together with recommendations on how to reduce those risks. (
  • Dr. Diethrich communicates a very powerful message in this video, which is that hospital administrators, staff, and regulators need to do a better job of recognizing this hidden hazard and understanding the serious health risks linked to occupational radiation exposure. (
  • The Organization for Occupational Radiation Safety in Interventional Fluoroscopy (ORSIF) raises awareness of the health risks of occupational ionizing radiation exposures and associated musculoskeletal risks occurring in interventional fluoroscopy laboratories. (
  • Clark Seif Clark (CSC) provides radon testing and consulting services to identify its presence to protect the public from exposure risks. (
  • They may suggest that you take post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a type of emergency HIV treatment that prevents HIV infection. (
  • Study participation is 90 days and will include HIV testing, STI screening, HIV/STI risk reduction counseling, clinical assessments, blood draws and surveys designed to gather knowledge and perception of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). (
  • Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and recommendations for post exposure prophylaxis," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1-52, 2001. (
  • At 15:00 (84 hours) , the recipient was counselled by an infectious diseases physician and commenced post-exposure prophylaxis. (
  • 4 The Department of Human Services (Victoria) recommended in 1997 that post-exposure prophylaxis be initiated promptly, preferably within 1-2 hours of exposure (based on 1996 recommendations from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). (
  • Young TN, Arens FJ, Kennedy GE, Laurie JW, Rutherford G. Antiretroviral post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for occupational HIV exposure. (
  • San Francisco General Hospital is now offering a free, 24-hour hotline -- The National Clinician's Post Exposure Prophylaxis Hotline (PEPLine) -- to clinicians in need of advice on how to best treat healthcare workers accidentally exposed to blood-borne diseases such as HIV and hepatitis. (
  • Due to these health concerns, exposure limits have been developed to protect workers. (
  • Assessing the need for and effectiveness of controlling airborne exposures to engineered nanomaterials in the workplace is difficult in the absence of occupational exposure limits (OELs). (
  • When adequate dose-response data are available in animals or humans, quantitative risk assessment methods can provide estimates of adverse health risk of nanomaterials in workers and, in conjunction with workplace exposure and control data, provide a basis for determining appropriate exposure limits. (
  • Brandys RC, Brandys Gm (2008) Global occupational exposure limits for over 6,000 specific chemicals. (
  • Most medical workers receive no occupational dose and those that do typically receive a very low dose that is a small fraction of the occupational dose limits. (
  • All Australian jurisdictions have uniform annual limits for public and occupational exposure to ionising radiation: 1 mSv for the public and 20 mSv for workers who are occupationally exposed. (
  • To protect occupational staff a further precautionary step is proposed by introducing a weighting function incorporating the limits imposed by the Italian legislation. (
  • The table below provides up-to-date information on the activities planned, ongoing or completed by ECHA in relation to its work on occupational exposure limits. (
  • There are many dangerous substances for which there are no formal occupational exposure limits. (
  • Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs) have been established for airborne workplace chemicals by multiple regulatory and authoritative organizations around the world for well over 60 years now. (
  • Occupational exposure limits - Federal and state laws may set limits regarding the amount of substances that can be present in a given area. (
  • What are the exposure limits? (
  • These consultations are held to allow parties concerned to comment on the report and to support RAC in adopting an opinion on occupational exposure limits. (
  • Parties concerned are invited to comment on occupational exposure limits proposals open for consultation, which are indicated in the substance table below. (
  • ECHA has published guidance for preparing a scientific report for health based exposure limits and occupational exposure limits (OELs) at the workplace. (
  • As of 2019, ECHA has started providing recommendations for occupational exposure limits (OELs) that protect workers exposed to hazardous chemicals. (
  • Results showed air and skin exposures to butylal, but the NIOSH report notes that there are no occupational exposure limits (OELs) for the chemical and the long-term human health effects of SolvonK4 are unknown. (
  • In accordance with section 5.48 of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, these new or revised TLVs are adopted as WorkSafeBC Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs), unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors of WorkSafeBC. (
  • At the July 2010 meeting, the Board of Directors provided their decision on the 2008 and 2009 Occupational Exposure Limits after reviewing the results of the stakeholder consultation feedback and the internal review of the feasibility of implementation. (
  • After considering these issues, the Board of Directors decided to reinstate the former exposure limits that were in place prior to the revision by ACGIH until the implementation issues can be resolved for these substances. (
  • Most chemicals used in flavorings have not been tested for respiratory toxicity via the inhalation route, and occupational exposure limits have been established for only a relatively small number of these chemicals. (
  • The Occupational Radiation Exposure website provides the most currently available information on radiation exposure to personnel at DOE facilities. (
  • In addition, this page is intended to serve as a central location for the dissemination of information concerning the recording and reporting requirements for occupational radiation exposure at DOE facilities. (
  • This does not include radiation exposure to the environment or general public (except for those individuals visiting a DOE site that are provided dosimetry by the site). (
  • Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) is the database of occupational radiation exposures for all monitored DOE employees, contractors, subcontractors and members of the public. (
  • The Rule 10 CFR 835.702 requires annual individual radiation exposure records to be recorded. (
  • DOE 2018 Occupational Radiation Exposure annual report - Latest report and analysis on occupational exposures at DOE sites. (
  • DOE Order 231.1B requires the reporting of monitoring results to the Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) Repository in accordance with the specifications provided in REMS Reporting Guide. (
  • Guidance is provided on how to request information from the Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS), including lifetime occupational radiation exposure dose history. (
  • The Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) includes a database with over 4 million exposure records. (
  • Links to other DOE and non-DOE websites for information related to occupational radiation exposure. (
  • The DOE 2016 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes occupational radiation exposures at DOE facilities during 2016. (
  • The DOE 1992-1994 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report analyzes occupational radiation exposures at DOE facilities from 1992 through 1994. (
  • While medical radiation accounts for over 95 per cent of the population's artificial radiation exposure, the occupational risk for medical workers is low, with good practice. (
  • In comparison average background radiation exposure in Australia is 1.5 mSv per year from natural sources and currently Australians are exposed to an average of 1.7 mSv per year from medical exposures. (
  • This poster graphically presents data pertaining to occupational radiation exposure in terms of total effective dose (TED), primarily, but also collective dose and average measureable dose. (
  • change to a job that has essentially no radiation exposure. (
  • You can further discuss occupational radiation exposure with your facility's Radiation Safety Officer or the relevant jurisdictional regulator. (
  • Novel protective lead shield and pulse fluoroscopy can reduce radiation exposure during the ERCP procedure," Hepato-Gastroenterology , vol. 59, no. 115, pp. 709-712, 2012. (
  • Dr. Diethrich experienced several health issues directly linked to radiation exposure, including cataracts in both eyes and dense, calcific plaque in his carotid artery. (
  • What are the potential adverse health effects of occupational stress? (
  • Occupational stress has been a long-standing concern of the health care industry. (
  • The purpose of this brochure is to # identify the sources of occupational stress, # identify the adverse health effects of occupational stress, and # recommend work practices to reduce occupational stress. (
  • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines occupational stress as "the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the ca- pabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. (
  • According to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), over a half-million workers are exposed to fumes from asphalt. (
  • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that the complex chemical composition of asphalt makes it difficult to identify the specific component(s) responsible for adverse health effects observed in exposed workers. (
  • Observations of acute irritation in workers from airborne and dermal exposures to asphalt fumes and aerosols and the potential for chronic health effects, including cancer, warrant continued diligence in the control of exposures. (
  • To learn more about this or other air quality, health and safety, occupational or environmental issues, please visit the websites shown below. (
  • Schulte PA, Chun H (2009) Climate change and occupational safety and health: establishing a preliminary framework. (
  • US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) (2016) Criteria for a recommended standard: Occupational exposure to heat and hot environments. (
  • Xiang J, Bi P, Pisaniello D, Hansen A (2014) Health impacts of workplace heat exposure: an epidemiological review. (
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US) (2017) Water, rest, and shade OSHA's campaign to keep workers safe in the heat (Internet). (
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US). (
  • Follow these standard health and safety procedures with all patients to prevent HIV exposure in a healthcare setting. (
  • To learn more about this or other indoor air quality, occupational, environmental, health and safety testing services, please visit , call (800)220-3675 or email [email protected] . (
  • On February 19, 2020, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) posted a Science Blog item entitled "Are There Nano- and Microplastics in the Workplace? (
  • In fiscal year 2019, the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") conducted 33,401 more inspections than in the previous three years, which includes a notable increase in chemical. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has raised its civil penalties for the fifth year in a row. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act prohibits employer retaliation against employees who report workplace violations or file work injury. (
  • On October 8, 2019, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued a new Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Occupational Exposure to Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds in Construction and Shipyard Sectors, 84. (
  • 3. You might consider contacting your primary health care provider or the provider that provides occupational health for your employer and ask their opinion on your risk and any recommended follow-up. (
  • The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) reports that approximately 90,000 workers are potentially exposed to styrene. (
  • The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (
  • Dr. Mitchell's career has been focused on public health and occupational safety and health related to infectious disease. (
  • Ms. Handelman was the Director of the Office of Occupational Health Nursing at the Occupational Safety and Health's (OSHA's) national office in Washington, D.C. While at OSHA she was recognized by the Secretary of Labor's Exceptional Achievement Award for her work on the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. (
  • This program is part of a NYS DOL HAB grant #C19006GG to the Western New York Council on Occupational Safety and Health (WNYCOSH). (
  • From a public health perspective, our results imply that efforts should be considered to reduce the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis by reducing occupational exposure to textile dust," they conclude. (
  • We can not make firm conclusions about the extent of exposure needed to cause changes in lung function," said Dr. Steve Georas, an environmental health researcher at the University of Rochester in New York who wasn't involved in the study. (
  • For various different biologic agents and metabolites this book will compile information about indoors presence, detection methods, exposure assessment and health effects. (
  • Besides, all the book will focus on occupational health and/or public health point of view. (
  • Susana Viegas - Graduated in Environmental Health from Lisbon School of Health Technology - Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon has a Master degree in Safety and Ergonomics from Lisbon University and PhD in Occupational and Environmental Health from New University of Lisbon. (
  • Professor at Lisbon School of Health Technology, Director of the Occupational Health Master's course and researcher at Environment and Health Research Group. (
  • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports, They are widely used in the manufacture of flexible and rigid foams, fibers, coatings such as paints and varnishes, and elastomers, and are increasingly used in the automobile industry, auto body repair, and building insulation materials. (
  • Exposure can lead to a number of potential health concerns. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that isocyanates are one of the most common chemical causes of work-related asthma. (
  • Isocyanates include compounds classified as potential human carcinogens and known to cause cancer in animals, said Joseph Frasca, Senior Vice President of Marketing at EMSL Analytical, Inc. Preventing exposure to isocyanates is a crucial step for eliminating this potential health hazard in the work environment. (
  • A 2017 article in Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health reported asbestos-related deaths among people who worked at the Coast Guard Shipyard in Baltimore from 1950 to 1964. (
  • This data is periodically collected and tracked by the Iowa Pesticide Exposure Safety and Tracking (PEST) project within the Iowa Department of Public Health. (
  • It is typically set by competent national authorities and enforced by legislation to protect occupational safety and health. (
  • Although peer-reviewed health-based OELs are preferred for establishing safe levels of exposure or for implementing adequate controls to provide worker protection, the lack of publicly available OELs have led to other sources of safe levels to protect workers. (
  • The present database was elaborated in co-operation with experts from various international occupational safety and health institutions. (
  • Wood dust, commonly referred to as "sawdust", is another occupational dust hazard that can pose a risk to workers' health. (
  • The section Chemicals and Occupational Health at SECO provides therefore an Excel spreadsheet, known as the SECO-DNEL Tool, to simplify the correct calculation of DNELs. (
  • For example, a certain substance may adversely impact health through both inhalation and dermal exposure or exposure may affect both workers and the general population. (
  • We would like to thank the German Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in Dortmund for their expertise and advisory services in developing the SECO-DNEL Tool as well as UBit in Winterthur, Switzerland, for their technical support. (
  • Nevertheless, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) continues to maintain its outdated, and dangerous, standard. (
  • 2006). Health effects of occupational exposure to fluorine and its compounds in a small-scale enterprise. (
  • The study involved a literature review, site visits and a health risk assessment of occupational exposure to chemical and microbiological substances in sewage. (
  • With a few exceptions, the epidemiological studies that have examined the effect of chemical exposure in sewer workers have generally found equivocal evidence of adverse health effects. (
  • we urge NIOSH to initiate at least one prospective cohort study with close follow-up of exposed individuals in order to determine as soon as possible whether occupational exposures are associated with adverse health effects and if so, what effects occur. (
  • If such a study is also undertaken in order to detect or characterize exposures, in addition to determining adverse health effects, then it is critical that the validity of monitoring methods be separately demonstrated. (
  • This report reviews Public Health Service (PHS) recommendations for postexposure management of workers who have occupational exposures that may place them at risk of acquiring HIV infection, provides background information on zidovudine and experience with zidovudine postexposure prophylaxis, and presents considerations relevant to a decision to offer postexposure prophylaxis. (
  • According to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, exposures to asbestos above the recommended limit declined from 6.3 percent of workers from 1987 to 1994 to 4.3 percent in 2000 to 2003. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) didn't regulate asbestos exposure in the workplace until 1971. (
  • An international team led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) , a centre supported by the "la Caixa" Foundation, has provided new evidence about the role of occupational exposures as an important risk factor for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). (
  • Lytras T, Kogevinas M, Kromhout H, et al Occupational exposures and 20-year incidence of COPD: the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. (
  • Occupational exposure limit (OEL) values are derived within two legal frameworks that form an integral part of the EU's mechanism for protecting the health of workers. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimate that 558,000 workers are potentially exposed to Cr(VI) in the United States. (
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provides the following descriptions to provide. (
  • It aligns the methodologies in REACH and occupational health and safety legislation to establish safe levels of exposure to chemicals at the workplace. (
  • It is a follow-up of the REACH review, improving the interface between REACH and occupational health and safety legislation. (
  • No previous study has assessed the risk of health effects such as low birth weight in the offspring in relation to exposure to occupational air pollution during pregnancy. (
  • The study is financed by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working life and Welfare (FORTE) and the study will help to retrieve valuable knowledge on the effects of the mothers exposure to air pollution on the fetus that will be useful in future guidelines for occupational air pollution exposure during pregnancy. (
  • Among the side effects was the elevation of excessive noise from a mere annoyance to a serious occupational health hazard. (
  • Over a three-year period in the early 1980s, the National Institute of Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted the National Occupational Exposure Study (NOES). (
  • This study was designed to provide benchmark data on the occupational safety and health conditions in the American workplace. (
  • Occupational health guidelines for the management of low back pain at work: evidence review. (
  • At 07:00 (4 hours after the injury), the staff member (recipient) reported the injury, using the paging arrangement and occupational exposure protocol at the time (ie, a message was left for the staff health nurse, as no designated person was on-call for occupational exposures overnight). (
  • At Southern Health, the occupational exposure protocol was under review before this incident occurred. (
  • However, it is recognized that in certain circumstances individuals or organizations may wish to make use of these recommendations or guidelines as a supplement to their occupational safety and health program. (
  • The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH ® ) is a private not-for-profit, nongovernmental corporation whose members are industrial hygienists or other occupational health and safety professionals dedicated to promoting health and safety within the workplace. (
  • If you need to report an incident or require advice, please contact Occupational Health on 0141 201 5610. (
  • Please ensure that you then report your injury to Occupational Health on the next working day. (
  • The tables and graphs on this page (links below) represent the summary of results for self-reported occupational exposure to chemicals collected via the Health Questionnaire as part of the C8 Health Project. (
  • ACOEM represents more than 5,000 physicians and other health care professionals specializing in the field of occupational and environmental medicine. (
  • It is the position of the College that health monitoring is an essential component of occupational health practice, when a potentially hazardous condition is recognized and the level of risk to individuals in workplaces using the materials is not sufficiently characterized. (
  • In 1991, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued regulations designed to protect health care workers from occupational exposure to and infection from bloodborne pathogens. (
  • Specific HBV postexposure guidelines are covered in a separate document (Hepatitis B Immunization Program, CDC Occupational Health Clinic). (
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) states that over 60 epidemiological studies (covering more than 30 occupational groups) clearly indicate that respirable crystalline silica 1 (hereafter cited in text as silica) is a human lung carcinogen. (
  • OSHA concludes that the evidence on the public health risk associated with exposure at current permissible PELs is of significant magnitude. (
  • Should health care workers with occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) receive postexposure antiretroviral prophylaxis? (
  • Participants were health care workers with occupational, percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood. (
  • The CDC recommends postexposure prophylaxis for health care workers who have occupational exposure to blood infected with HIV, and it recommends considering prophylaxis for health care workers with percutaneous injuries from sources with unknown HIV status who have risk factors or who are from settings where HIV exposure is likely. (
  • Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. (
  • Set against a background of growing public, media and political concern about occupational and environmental health issues, and a scientific need to better understand and explain the effects of pollutants on human health, this book is a unique resource. (
  • Contributions from an expert panel of international practitioners provide a comprehensive reference on the state of the art methods and applications in the field of occupational and environmental pollution and the adverse health effects, particularly the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies. (
  • It will be a valuable source for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in exposure assessment, occupational hygiene, environmental science, epidemiology, toxicology, biostatistics, occupational and environmental health, health risk assessment and related disciplines and a useful resource of reference for policy makers and regulators. (
  • A new survey of occupational health professionals uncovers their best practices for preventing and reducing sharps injuries and blood exposures among hospital staff. (
  • The Winter 2017 edition of the Journal of the Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare (AOHP) includes the results of its member survey, which ascertained their most effective strategies to reduce sharps injuries and mucocutaneous blood exposures (BE) among their hospital staff. (
  • With an incidence of 320,000 annually, BE among healthcare workers continues to be a serious occupational risk that healthcare facilities strive to reduce," explains Good, who is the manager of Occupational Health Services for Scripps Health in San Diego. (
  • EXPO-S.T.O.P. has identified health care organizations with exposure rates nearly 50 percent below the national average. (
  • NIOSH staff developed air and skin patch sampling methods for two alternative drycleaning solvents-SolvonK4 and DF-2000-for a recent health hazard evaluation (HHE) of occupational exposures in drycleaning shops. (
  • It is important to determine the safe occupational exposure level (OEL) for the solvent in order to protect the health of workers who are exposed to its vapors. (
  • However, there are concerns that the current occupational standards insufficiently protect workers from these health threats. (
  • The Finnish occupational safety and health administration's vibration counter can be used to calculate the daily exposure of workers who are exposed to vibration on up to seven different occasions during their working day. (
  • Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Enviromental Medicine. (
  • Methods As part of a public health survey in Stockholm, Sweden, 18 267 gainfully employed individuals aged 18-64 years completed a questionnaire with previously validated questions regarding occupational skin exposure to water. (
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans is currently the most severe adverse health effect resulting from airborne exposure to diacetyl and food flavorings containing diacetyl. (
  • Little is currently known about which chemicals used in flavorings have the potential to cause lung disease and other health effects, or what workplace exposure concentrations are safe. (
  • Some rescue cases can result in multiple exposures that may not appear as life-altering as later testing can show-and exposures to public health emergencies, such as cholera, or anthrax, or even Ebola contamination, may not even be immediately apparent to the first responder. (
  • Hearing protection in the work place in the United States is regulated by organizations such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (
  • Results suggest that pesticides may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer, and highlight the need for further research to evaluate the risk of exposure to specific chemicals. (
  • In occupational settings, workers may be exposed to acetone if they are employed at a facility that manufactures paints, plastics, chemicals, artificial fibers and even shoes. (
  • Most cases are caused by smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke, but working or cooking around certain toxic dusts, chemicals and fuels can also contribute, as can frequent respiratory infections during childhood. (
  • A Derived No-Effect Level (DNEL) is a toxicological exposure limit that is needed to be calculated for chemicals in the process of gaining market access in both Switzerland and the EU. (
  • In addition, the Swiss chemicals regulation ChemO (SR 813.11) stipulates that Swiss companies producing for or importing into Switzerland are also required to establish exposure scenarios under certain conditions. (
  • Occupational exposure refers to a person being exposed to certain chemicals, substances, or materials as a part of their line of work. (
  • The influence from occupational exposure to chemicals is less well investigated. (
  • They are presented by industry type, and, for a limited number of chemicals or chemical groups, exposure to some types of chemicals as well. (
  • For each industry or chemical exposure group, participants were asked if they believed they were exposed to chemicals in that group. (
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals has been known to be associ. (
  • Several cohort studies have been conducted among chemical industry workers with potential exposure to 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, TCDD and other chemicals. (
  • The Safety Guide, co-sponsored by the ILO, addresses the assessment of exposure due to intakes of radionuclides in the workplace and reflects the major changes which have occurred in international practice in internal dose assessment over the past decade. (
  • INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE, Assessment of Occupational Exposure Due to External Sources of Radiation, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. RS-G-1.3, IAEA, Vienna (1999). (
  • This Safety Guide, co-sponsored by the ILO, addresses the assessment of exposure to external sources of radiation in the workplace and the monitoring of workers and the workplace in such situations. (
  • Finally, optimal combinations of immune reagents, calibration standards and procedures will be developed, as a major step towards standardization of work-related allergen exposure assessment. (
  • In addition, methods will be developed, using available immune reagents, (a) for the highly sensitive measurement of short, job task-related exposures, and (b) for the rapid, semi-quantitative assessment at the worksite of allergen exposure levels. (
  • The "Hierarchy of OELs" provides a continuum of occupational exposure limit values that allow assessment of the risk of exposure in order to apply adequate controls. (
  • A series of 29 site visits and an exposure assessment workshop were conducted to provide information on the actual duration and extent of exposures associated with different job tasks. (
  • The degree of quantitative analysis conducted for the risk assessment largely relied on the ability to assign exposure values for contaminants to the sewer workers. (
  • The risk assessment result is not surprising, given the exposures involved. (
  • The chemical risk assessment found that the quantitative risk estimates for chemical exposures from inhalational, oral and dermal exposures are in most cases an order of magnitude lower than the value which is considered to represent a safe level of exposure. (
  • Assessment of occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus in a referral hospital in Burundi, Central Africa," Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 717-718, 2003. (
  • The research is focused on occupational epidemiology and exposure assessment methods. (
  • We have improved exposure assessment methods and have developed and applied Job Exposure Matrices (JEMs) for a large number of occupational exposure factors. (
  • Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water , by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics. (
  • Section One: Exposure Assessment Methodologies. (
  • 1. Assessment of Exposure for Pesticide Handlers in Agricultural, Residential and Institutional Environments (Richard A. Fenske and Edgar W. Day, Jr. (
  • 4. Residential (Non-Dietary) Post-Application Exposure Assessment (Jeffrey Driver, John H. Ross, Muhilan Pandian, Jeff Evans and Curt Lunchick). (
  • 7. Exposure Assessment for Pesticides in Epidemiological Studies (Dick Heederik and Kay Teschke). (
  • 10. Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides - Towards a Harmonized Regulatory Approach (Christine A. Norman). (
  • To detect small risk, the exposure assessment needs to be very refined. (
  • Exposure assessment is the study of the distribution and determinants of potentially hazardous agents, and includes the estimation of intensity, duration and frequency of exposure, the variation of these indices and their determinants. (
  • The aim of this book is to develop an understanding and knowledge of exposure assessment methods and their application to substantive issues in occupational and environmental epidemiology. (
  • It is focused on exposure assessment in both occupational and environmental epidemiology since there are many similarities but also some interesting differences. (
  • The book outlines the basic principles of exposure assessment, and examines the current status and research questions in the exposure assessment of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies of allergens, particulate matter, chlorination disinfection by-products, agricultural pesticides and radiofrequencies. (
  • The book will be of interest to all concerned with exposure assessment and epidemiology. (
  • From the foreword by David Savitz: 'This book represents an important attempt to come to grips with the distinctive challenges and opportunities in exposure assessment and environmental epidemiology. (
  • In November 2018, RPS carried out an Occupational Hygiene assessment survey for a company who manufactures components for the renewable energy sector at their purpose-built facility in Yorkshire. (
  • The results of the assessment demonstrated how intervention measures had reduced exposure in some cases and highlighted where further risk management was required. (
  • A reliable vibration exposure assessment usually requires hiring a professional with proper measuring equipment. (
  • On December 17, 2019, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released its Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Report for 2018. (
  • In the absence of OELs however, there are a variety of tools that can and should be used to assess exposure potential of workers. (
  • These methods are available from OSHA Technical Manual and NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods Statistical tools are available to assess exposure monitoring data against OELs. (
  • Starting with the 2010 OELs, the Board of Directors approved a new occupational exposure limit review and adoption procedure whereby stakeholders will be consulted on potential implementation issues prior to the adoption of the annual new or revised ACGIH TLVs. (
  • Immunoassay methods will be evaluated and improved for the measurement of airborne concentrations of occupational allergens: enzymes, grain and soy flour, rodent and latex allergens. (
  • Types of dust present in the occupational setting include: Rock/mineral dusts Metallic dusts Chemical dusts Grain and produce dusts Molds and spores During various mining processes in which rock/minerals are broken up and collected for processing, mineral dusts are created and become airborne. (
  • Based on this new research, the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Diease Registry (ATSDR) recently estimated that the safe level of airborne fluoride exposure (0.02 mg/m3) should be 125 times lower than the currently allowable levels in US workplaces (2.5 mg/m3). (
  • We report a case of recurrent headaches in a woman with a workplace exposure to airborne (misted) lubricating fluid containing Stoddard solvent. (
  • Following some procedural changes within the company, we were asked to conduct comprehensive exposure assessments for airborne dust and noise in one their higher risk areas. (
  • Therefore, the exact causative agent of lung disease from airborne exposure to food flavorings remains unknown until further research can demonstrate conclusive findings. (
  • Today, OSHA does not have a standard for asphalt fumes although it proposed a permissible exposure limit (PEL) in 1992. (
  • Rapid testing is strongly recommended for the source patient, and for those organizations subject to OSHA regulations, rapid testing of the source patient is mandated for occupational exposures. (
  • On October 17, 1997, OSHA published a proposed standard for Occupational Exposure to TB ( 62 FR 54160 ). (
  • SUMMARY: OSHA is scheduling an informal public hearing on its proposed rule 'Occupational Exposure to Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds. (
  • OSHA states that a major source of worker exposure occurs during 'hot work' such as welding on stainless steel and other alloy steels containing chromium metal. (
  • The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine has previously expressed our disappointment 1 over the lack of regulatory action with respect to occupational exposure to diacetyl, such as promulgation of an Interim Final Standard by OSHA in connection with occupational and other possible exposures to diacetyl as well as other food flavorings. (
  • OSHA also cites studies that indicate that occupational exposure to silica causes other adverse respiratory effects, such as fatal nonmalignant silicosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and an elevated risk of end-stage renal disease. (
  • OSHA estimates the excess lifetime risk 2 to workers exposed over a working life of 45 years at the current general industry permissible exposure limit 3 (PEL) is between 13 and 60 deaths per 1,000 workers. (
  • OSHA is also proposing an action level of 25 μ g/m 3 that triggers initial and periodic exposure monitoring only once the action level is reached or exceeded. (
  • 4 OSHA believes that many employers will be willing to lower silica exposure to equal to or below that 25 μ g/m 3 action level in order to avoid exposure monitoring. (
  • Exposed workers should be counseled that it is in their best interest to receive a baseline HIV test to document their HIV status at the time of the exposure. (
  • Mirabelli MC, Loomis D, Richardson DB (2003) Fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers in North Carolina. (
  • In the proposal, the Agency made a preliminary determination based on a review of the available data that workers in hospitals, nursing homes, hospices, correctional facilities, homeless shelters, and certain other work settings are at significant risk of incurring TB infection while caring for their patients and clients or performing certain procedures potentially involving exposure to TB. (
  • It shows that the increased risk of ALS in electrical workers is most likely due to magnetic field exposure, rather than to electrical shocks. (
  • Occupational exposure to ethylene oxide was assessed among the workers in direct contact with ethylene oxide or with ethylene oxide-sterilized instruments in 13 hospitals located in the city of Łodź (Poland) and its suburbs. (
  • The American Board of Industrial Hygiene (ABIH ) reminds workers and industry of the need to protect employees from exposure to hazardous materials. (
  • For the current study, researchers examined data collected on 1,335 workers from 2002 to 2008, including information on workplace exposure to pollutants as well as results from breathing tests to detect COPD and other respiratory issues. (
  • Therapy often involves high doses to patients, the occupational doses received by workers is low. (
  • The two main sources of exposure for medical workers are X-rays, and unsealed sources. (
  • External exposure for medical workers is low, and with good practice should remain low. (
  • The vast majority of workers in facilities that utilise radiation typically receive no occupational exposure. (
  • In an attempt to evaluate the exposure level of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) workers to static magnetic fields, the isotropic magnetic flux density values were integrated over time to produce the cumulative exposure. (
  • Court dockets, especially those in New York and California, are full of examples of former shipyard workers who contracted an asbestos disease and traced their exposure back to one or more shipyards. (
  • Each report is examined to identify the type and EPA registration number of the pesticide involved, the workers' industry and occupation classification, and their exposure‐related signs and symptoms. (
  • Personal air sampling is routinely conducted on workers to determine whether exposures are acceptable or unacceptable. (
  • Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Occupational Asthma COPD (Bronchitis, Emphysema) Pneumoconiosis (Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis, Asbestosis, Silicosis) Mycobacterial Infections Workplace facilities have in place safety protocol and regulations to ensure that exposure to dust/particulate matter is minimal to non-existent. (
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) is used by workers to prevent specific exposure to the hazard. (
  • In many cases, occupational diseases and illnesses are covered under state workers compensation insurance laws. (
  • Air monitoring was done and 75 pairs, exposed and non-exposed workers were examined… The values of fluorine in the air of workplaces ranged from 0.1 to 3.7 mg/m3 air during the study… Linear regression analysis has shown positive correlations between the fluorine exposure and incidence of chronic bronchitis (r=0.75), as well as the incidence of chronic respiratory diseases (r=0.71). (
  • Fluorine exposure may be responsible for the high incidence of chronic irritative respiratory diseases, especially for chronic bronchitis in exposed workers. (
  • A study was commissioned following concerns expressed by sewage workers from a major sewage utility over exposure to chemical substances through their daily work. (
  • Results of studies investigating microbiological exposures are also limited given that many have not adequately addressed potential confounders or did not assess the vaccination status of participants (hepatitis A). However, it is clear that sewage workers are occasionally exposed to significant levels of hazardous substances. (
  • Employers should make available to workers a system for promptly initiating evaluation, counseling, and follow-up after a reported occupational exposure that may place the worker at risk of acquiring HIV infection. (
  • Workers should be educated to report exposures immediately after they occur, because certain interventions that may be appropriate, e.g., prophylaxis against hepatitis B, must be initiated promptly to be effective (3,8,9). (
  • Workers who might reasonably be considered at risk of occupational exposure to HIV should be familiarized with the principles of postexposure management as part of job orientation and ongoing job training. (
  • Repeated exposure to asbestos on the job puts workers at risk of several cancers and serious pulmonary diseases. (
  • This places current workers on new projects at risk of exposure. (
  • Cutting old asbestos pipes remains an exposure threat to power plant workers. (
  • Boiler workers experienced high exposures. (
  • ABIH® reminds workers and industry of the need to protect against exposure to potentially harmful chemical compounds. (
  • The medical world s attention to noise as an occupational hazard began when the workers who fabricated the new steam boilers were found to develop serious hearing loss in such large numbers that the phenomenon became known as Boilermaker s Disease. (
  • The large number of potentially exposed workers led to the development of current occupational regulation regulations. (
  • As data from the US Exposure Prevention Information Network suggest that hospital healthcare workers incur about 30 needlestick injuries per 100 beds per year, 2 our rate of 10.6 probably reflects significant underreporting. (
  • For exposure over a working life at existing construction and shipyard employment PELs (estimated to range between 250 and 500 μ g/m 3 ), estimated excess risk lies between 37 and 653 deaths per 1,000 workers. (
  • The proposal would thus cut in half the amount of silica exposure allowed for general industry and maritime workers and reduce by 80 percent the exposure allowed for those in the construction industry. (
  • This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. (
  • Two studies among the wives of the workers at two chemical plants did not show an association between pregnancy outcomes and paternal exposure to 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, pentachlorophenol and TCDD and other dioxins. (
  • Such occupational exposure allegations may arise in workers compensation , disability, or tort claims. (
  • As the harmful effects of vibration increase with the magnitude of vibration and the duration of exposure, workers' vibration exposure is determined on the basis of the level of vibration to which they are exposed during each period of exposure and the length of each period of exposure. (
  • Recreational sound constitutes an occupational hazard to audio engineers and adds to the effects of occupational noise for most other people, accelerating the occurrence of sensorineural deafness in advanced nations. (
  • The assignment of occupational exposure bands (OEB) has become standard practice in the pharmaceutical industry and is becoming a recognized method for hazard identification in other industries. (
  • It examines scientific approaches to developing exposure values and cancer risk levels, defining the scope of the problem, and improving hazard identification. (
  • To help bring awareness to this preventable exposure hazard, the EPA has designated January as National Radon Action Month. (
  • To investigate the relationship between pancreatic cancer and exposure to pesticides, a case-control study was conducted in three separate areas of the United States, involving 484 cases aged 30-79 diagnosed in 1986-1989 and 2,095 controls drawn from a random sample of the general population. (
  • A job-exposure matrix (JEM) approach was used to estimate the level of occupational exposure to pesticides. (
  • A significant trend in risk with increasing exposure level of pesticides was observed, with odds ratios (OR) of 1.3 and 1.4 for low and moderate-high exposure levels, respectively. (
  • Each ten-year increase in occupational exposure to pesticides carried a 12 percent increased risk of COPD and a 16 percent higher risk of developing chronic bronchitis. (
  • Our study looked at long-term exposure to pesticides, and it is thought that long-term exposure to pesticides increases mucus secretion and muscle contraction in the lungs, causing breathlessness, cough and wheeze," lead study author Dr. Sheikh Alif of the University of Melbourne in Australia said by email. (
  • I suspect that for pesticides and herbicides, long-term low level exposure may be more important, but this is speculation. (
  • Pesticides are among the occupational exposures linked with COPD. (
  • A study with more than 3,300 participants has linked exposure to biological dusts, gases, fumes and pesticides with a higher incidence of COPD. (
  • The treatment failure rate for immunotherapy with R-CHOP was almost twice as high in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who were occupationally exposed to pesticides compared with patients with no exposure, a new study showed. (
  • Occupational history was reconstructed and the researchers used the PESTIPOP French job-exposure matrix to determine the likelihood of each patient's exposure to pesticides. (
  • Patients occupationally exposed to pesticides had a treatment failure rate of 22.4% compared with 11.3% for patients without exposure ( P = .03). (
  • Multivariate analysis showed that occupational exposure to pesticides was independently associated with treatment failure for all occupational exposure compared with none (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 3.0). (
  • An even greater difference in treatment failure rate was seen in patients exposed to agriculture pesticides (29.0% vs 11.7%), with a greater independent risk for treatment failure (OR, 5.1) for agriculture exposure compared with others. (
  • That is, diacetyl was the most predominant volatile organic compound (VOC) identified in the NIOSH studies, and analytical results demonstrated a strong statistical relationship between diacetyl exposure and development of airway symptoms. (
  • The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) is pleased to provide the following comments to the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) -- Occupational Exposure to Diacetyl and Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl. (
  • 4.3%), maternal answers concerning possible exposures to medical and occupational ionizing radiation were available. (
  • The risk of HIV transmission is approximately 0.3 percent after percutaneous exposure to infected blood and 0.09 percent after mucous membrane exposure. (
  • Environmental heat stress in the occupational setting requires aggressive heat illness prevention programs to reduce heat-related injuries (HRIs). (
  • With an aggressive heat illness prevention program, occupational injuries and deaths can be reduced or prevented. (
  • Gubernot DM, Anderson GB, Hunting KL (2015) Characterizing occupational heat-related mortality in the United States, 2000-2010: an analysis using the census of fatal occupational injuries database. (
  • Employers and contractors are often subjected to legal claims for occupational exposure injuries. (
  • The study analyzed data on nearly 16 million occupational injuries that occurred in Spain over a 20-year period. (
  • Researchers analyzed data related to nearly 16 million occupational injuries in Spain between 1994 and 2013 that resulted in at least one day of sick leave. (
  • Exposure to moderate to extreme temperatures may have played a role in over half a million of the workplace injuries that occurred during the study period,' commented ISGlobal researcher Èrica Martínez, lead author of the study. (
  • Needle stick injuries and other exposure to blood and bodily fluids have a potential of transmitting various pathogens including but not limited to Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). (
  • Today there are no simple rescue calls because each victim has the potential to be a carrier of potential exposures to the first person on the scene. (
  • Responders must balance potential exposures with the call and their ability to rescue the victim. (
  • Each first responder must know the warning signs for potential exposures and how to relate what they experience in a way that can document exposures completely. (
  • Occupational exposure to textile dust is associated with a more than doubling in the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, finds research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases . (
  • Furthermore, textile dust exposure was associated with a more than doubling in risk of testing positive for ACPA. (
  • 1633a Organic dust exposure - beneficial or harmful? (
  • Play media Occupational dust exposure can occur in various settings, including agriculture, forestry, and mining. (
  • Without proper safety precautions, dust exposure can lead to occupational lung diseases. (
  • Inhalation of these dusts can lead to various respiratory illnesses, depending on the dust type (e.g. coal, silica, etc.), size of the dust particulates, and exposure duration. (
  • Illnesses/Diseases that can develop due to exposure to dust in the workplace. (
  • To mitigate exposure to dust in the workplace, respirators, ventilators, and eye protection are measures often employed. (
  • After assessing occupational exposure to 12 different agents, results showed that participants exposed to biological dust had a 60% higher risk of COPD compared with those unexposed. (
  • To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate an effect of biological dust exposure on the incidence of COPD in a prospective fashion in a general population cohort", he adds. (
  • Occupational exposure in the woodworking industry, such as furniture making, sawmills and construction carpentry, has been linked to an increased risk for nasal cavity and sinuses cancers, mostly due to the inhalation of wood dust particles. (
  • In men, IPF was associated with exposure to birch dust with an OR 2.7, (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30-5.65) and with hardwood dust, OR 2.7 (95% CI 1.14-6.52). (
  • Exposure to birch and hardwood dust may contribute to the risk of IPF in men. (
  • A case-control study in Sweden detected a significant association between nasal and nasopharyngeal cancer and exposure to chlorophenols, independent of exposure to wood dust. (
  • ACGIH (2009) TLVs ® AND BEIs ® based on the documentation of the threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices. (
  • ACGIH ® publishes guidelines known as Threshold Limit Values (TLVs ® ) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs ® ) for use by industrial hygienists in making decisions regarding safe levels of exposure to various chemical and physical agents found in the workplace. (
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (
  • In addition to fluoride's ability, in and of itself, to damage respiratory function, it has also been clearly established that fluoride exacerbates the respiratory damage associated with beryllium exposure - and vice versa. (
  • Cadmium and beryllium exposure may also increase risk for lung cancer. (
  • Relationship between occupational sunlight exposure and the incidence of renal cancer. (
  • There was a significant statistical relationship between the incidence of asthma and the mean gaseous fluoride exposure in the study population, whereas the relationship between asthma incidence and the other contaminants was less significant. (
  • The over-arching theme in each of the EXPO-S.T.O.P. Exposure Aware facilities is a culture of safety that is practiced at all levels of the organization, with zero incidence being the goal. (
  • The reports reflect information gathered about the types of pesticide involved, the industries and occupations with reported exposures, and the types of signs and symptoms reported. (
  • Learn more about the occupations and industries that place people at risk of asbestos exposure. (
  • Regulations have reduced the risk of exposure in the workplace, but a degree of risk remains for many occupations. (
  • PAHs have been linked to skin cancer in those occupations with a substantial amount of skin exposure to PAHs. (
  • This matrix is constructed of measurements and assesses the air pollution exposure for 20 different types of particles during 4 different time-periods within 300 different occupations. (
  • Skin absorption is believed to be a major route of exposure in these occupations. (
  • Women reported more water exposure than men and many female-dominated occupations were seen to comprise water exposure. (
  • Fifty-nine per cent of individuals employed in high-risk occupations reported water exposure at work, compared with 11% in low-risk occupations. (
  • Workplace exposure to electromagnetic fields is linked to a higher risk of developing the most common form of motor neurone disease . (
  • that reviews workplace exposure to. (
  • Relevant questions to be asked in occupational and workplace exposure cases include: What is the nature of the aggravating substance and its effects on the human body? (
  • The severity of symptoms can range from a mild to severe cough and shortness of breath on exertion.Symptoms do not improve when removed from the workplace exposure. (
  • FIGURE 33.11 Effects of age and occupational noise exposure on hearing. (
  • The graph shows the threshold hearing capacities (in decibels) for sounds of different frequencies (given in hertz) in a 25-year-old carpenter (blue), a 50-year-old carpenter (red), and a 50-year-old who did not have any on-the-job noise exposure (brown). (
  • Based on these data would you conclude that the hearing decline in the 50-year-old carpenter was caused by age or by job-related noise exposure? (
  • Whether the hearing decline in the 50-year old carpenter was caused by age or by job-related noise exposure. (
  • Refer to Fig. 33.11, "Effects of age and occupational noise exposure on hearing" in the textbook. (
  • Cumulative noise exposure was quantitatively assessed. (
  • Given the very high prevalence of excess noise exposure at work, this association deserves further attention. (
  • Although the number one effect of excessive noise exposure is hearing loss, other adverse non-auditory effects have been documented in the workplace including, but not limited to, psychological stress, poor job performance, hypertension and industrial accidents. (
  • Excessive noise exposure will injure the hair cells along the basilar membrane and result in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). (
  • At first, excessive exposure to high levels of noise causes only a temporary threshold shift (TTS), which is measured by testing a person s hearing before and after noise exposure. (
  • Additional research has shown that a combination of noise exposure and certain physical or chemical agents (e.g. vibration, organic solvents, carbon monoxide, ototoxic drugs, and certain metals) may have negative effects on hearing. (
  • SBU will systematically review the epidemiological evidence exploring how exposure in the workplace correlates with pain in the upper extremities. (
  • Cite this: HIV Prophylaxis Following Occupational Exposure: Guideline and Commentary - Medscape - Jan 30, 2013. (
  • In addition, participants will be connected to a medical provider if risk demonstrates a potential need for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. (
  • This report documents a multifactorial failure of the system of reporting and responding to occupational exposures, which led to a substantial delay in instituting prophylaxis for HIV exposure. (
  • If a worker sustains an occupational exposure, first aid should be administered as necessary (including wound cleansing and irrigation with soap and water), and both the exposed worker and the source fluids should be tested for antibodies to hepatitis B virus (HBV) or HIV to determine the possible need for the exposed worker to receive appropriate prophylaxis. (
  • There are no controlled trials of postexposure prophylaxis for persons with occupational exposure to body fluids potentially infected with HIV. (
  • 1 Prophylaxis should be initiated as soon as possible, ideally within hours, not days, of exposure. (
  • According to a University of California at San Francisco press release, PEPLine is open seven days a week and offers timely information on prophylaxis for occupational exposure. (
  • NYWEA's Member Education Committee has transitioned the Occupational Chemical Exposure training to a 2-part Lunch & Learn webinar series, July 14 and July 16. (
  • The principal research topics of this author are chemical occupational exposures and indoor air quality. (
  • Published mostly on occupational and environmental exposure to chemical agents and nowadays developing research about occupational exposures to mycotoxins in different settings. (
  • Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) requires European manufacturers and importers to establish exposure scenarios for chemical substances produced in or imported into the European Economic Area (EEA) in quantities of ten tonnes per year or more. (
  • Focus has long been on occupational chemical exposures, cancer and cardiovascular diseases but recently we have added exposure to noise and effect on the phoetus to our research program. (
  • It is urgent to investigate the association between chemical occupational exposures and breast cancer with adjustment for potential confounders like pregnancies and hormone medication. (
  • Please note that industry types, chemical exposures, and the presence or absence of an exposure were self reported survey data by participants and were not independently verified. (
  • Possible asthmagens include low-level exposure to irritants, exhaust fumes, passive smoking, and low-level exposure to several other chemical agents. (
  • Results of an animal study indicate that exposure to vapors from diacetyl, a chemical used to impart butter-like flavor, causes airway injury, though perhaps to a smaller extent than caused by exposure to vapors from the intact butter flavoring mixture itself. (
  • We conducted a systematic review, including meta-analysis where appropriate, of the epidemiologic association between occupational exposure to particulate matter and cardiovascular disease. (
  • With any herbicide exposure at work, people were more than twice as likely to develop COPD by middle age, and workplace pesticide exposure was associated with 74 percent higher odds of the common lung disease, researchers report in Thorax. (
  • These studies have repeatedly found that concentrations (as low as 0.05 mg/m3) of fluoride considered "safe" by US government scientists can impair lung function within just 1 to 2 hours of exposure. (
  • Spirometric lung function tests were performed after recruitment and at follow-up, while exposures in the workplace were estimated from the information obtained at interviews with participants in combination with an external job exposure matrix. (
  • Occupational exposure to nickel and chromium has shown a strong link to lung cancer and may increase the risk of nasal cancer. (
  • Occupational exposure in the rubber manufacturing industry has been linked to an increased risk for bladder, lung, and larynx cancers, as well as leukemia. (
  • Exposure to mustard gas increases risk for lung cancer. (
  • Some studies show that lung cancer in individuals exposed to mustard gas tends to develop at a younger age than would be expected and that the risk decreases as more time passes from exposure. (
  • Occupational exposure to dyes, paints, metal coatings and wood varnishes/stains, has been linked to an increased risk of lung and bladder cancer. (
  • Examples of findings include quantification of the smoking-adjusted risk of lung cancer and myocardial infarction after occupational exposure to motor exhaust and particles. (
  • A third concern is the severity of the impairment in function in some persons who have developed bronchiolitis obliterans after exposure to DAPORS, leading to premature disability requiring lung transplantation, 7 and even death. (
  • The diagnosis was supported by bibasal lung crackles on physical examination, restrictive ventilatory defect (with decreased diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide), typical radiographical findings, lymphocytosis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and a positive exposure test performed at the workplace. (
  • Percutaneous or mucocutaneous exposure with blood or visibly bloody fluid or other potentially infectious material. (
  • A blood-borne exposure incident, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is a percutaneous injury (e.g. needle-stick or cut/puncture with a sharp's type of object) or contact of mucous membrane or non-intact skin (e.g. exposed skin that is chapped, abraded, or afflicted with dermatitis) with blood, tissue, or other bodily fluids (e.g. semen, vaginal secretions) that are potentially infectious. (
  • Each incident of occupational exposure to potentially infectious blood or fluids (i.e., those requiring universal precautions) should be treated as a medical emergency because certain interventions that may be appropriate must be initiated promptly to be effective. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines occupational HIV exposure as a percutaneous injury (e.g., a needlestick, cut from a sharp object) or contact of mucous membranes or nonintact skin (e.g., skin that is chapped, abraded, or affected by dermatitis) with blood, tissue, or other body fluids that are potentially infected with HIV. (
  • Occupational pesticide exposures in Iowa are often reported to the Iowa Statewide Poison Control Center. (
  • Based on these findings, the exposure is classified as a confirmed, probable, or possible case, or excluded as a case based on a case definition developed by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health's Pesticide SENSOR program. (
  • Annual reports are developed to provide information about pesticide exposures causing illness or injury. (
  • However, useful tracking of occupational pesticide exposures faces many challenges, including the under-reporting of exposure incidents and a lack of pertinent details for those exposures that are reported. (
  • This presentation will provide an overview of the current status of workplace pesticide exposure surveillance in Iowa, and opportunities for future improvements. (
  • Does Occupational Pesticide Exposure Lead to Treatment Failure for DLBCL? (
  • Additionally, patients with occupational pesticide exposure had significantly reduced event-free survival and worse overall survival. (
  • The researchers hypothesized that "cellular adaptation to damage induced by long-term occupational pesticide exposure, promoting DNA repair pathways and antioxidant defenses, hinders chemotherapy efficiency. (
  • 3. Residential Post-Application Pesticide Exposure Monitoring (Robert G. Lewis). (
  • A definition of 'occupational exposure' is included, and considerations for prompt use of the drug zidovudine (AZT) are outlined in the consent/declination form. (
  • Conclusions A total of 20% of the population of working age acknowledged occupational skin exposure to water, which was found to be more common in young adults and women. (
  • Conclusions: Exposure to immunologically active agents among clinically immunocompetent subjects was associated with risk for Hodgkin's lymphoma. (
  • Should seek medical evaluation from personal healthcare provider, local Emergency Department or other medical facility such as an urgent care center within two-three hours of exposure to obtain baseline testing for blood-borne pathogens (i.e. (
  • Seek medical evaluation within two-three hours of blood-borne exposure at College's designated worker injury healthcare provider during regular business hours. (
  • Concerned about the possibility that this could have been caused by asbestos exposure, and still finding myself with no improvement, I have contacted an industrial hygienist who is coming on Monday to perform air testing in the aforementioned basement, to see if there are asbestos fibers present. (
  • Shipyards on both U.S. coasts have long histories of asbestos exposure and a legacy of former employees developing mesothelioma and other asbestos diseases because of that exposure. (
  • Those with a moderate level of cumulative asbestos exposure were almost four times more likely to die from mesothelioma than the general population. (
  • Those working in the construction of ships, or doing regular maintenance, repairs, overhauls and decommissions also were at risk from asbestos exposure . (
  • A number of shipyards across the United States have been shown to have extensive histories of asbestos exposure. (
  • Occupational asbestos exposure is the No. 1 cause of mesothelioma cancer. (
  • Asbestos exposure is proven to cause cancer and other serious diseases. (
  • Heat-resistant products were the most common sources of asbestos exposure. (
  • BAuA (2008b) Risk figures and exposure-risk relationships in activities involving carcinogenic hazardous substances. (
  • (
  • An occupational exposure limit is an upper limit on the acceptable concentration of a hazardous substance in workplace air for a particular material or class of materials. (
  • Occupational exposure conditions are often categorized into broader categories such as occupational diseases or industrial diseases . (
  • Cancer risk is affected by a number of things in our environment, including ultraviolet light, radiation, radon and occupational exposures. (
  • Exposure to radon is believed to cause over 20,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. (
  • The study included seventy-two females with a mean age of 40 +/- 8 years and a median duration of exposure to PPD of 6 years. (
  • These findings were significantly associated with the use of pure forms of PPD and longer duration of exposure. (
  • The vibration magnitude during these contacts with vibrating surfaces as well as the duration of each contact are estimated or measured to calculate exposure during each period of contact. (
  • ORs did not increase with duration of exposure to these agents. (
  • Moderate and extreme ambient temperatures increase the risk of occupational accidents. (
  • Heat and cold are believed to be associated with a higher risk of occupational injury, but the existing scientific evidence consists of only a handful of studies with a small number of cases and a limited geographic scope, and the economic impact has never been analyzed in detail. (
  • The biological mechanisms that link exposure to extreme ambient temperatures with the risk of occupational injury 'are not yet fully understood', explained Martínez. (
  • The educational activities should familiarize employees with their personal risk of occupational exposure to HIV, the use of universal precautions for protection against occupational exposures to bloodborne pathogens, and the actions to be taken following an occupational exposure to HIV. (
  • In February 2019, a comprehensive sampling programme was carried out where many samples were collected, and observations were made over several days to capture various exposure scenarios. (
  • When a student, employee or patient notifies the College that there has been a blood-borne exposure incident, the individual will be informed of the recommended action(s) to be taken, listed under Procedures below, which are in accordance with the latest recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • Occupational Exposure Limit (OEL) for Baytubes defined by Bayer MaterialScience. (
  • Of those that do receive an occupational exposure, including some doctors, nurses, radiologists and radiographers, most receive up to or around the public limit - 1 mSv per year. (
  • Despite this, it is good practice to avoid or limit occupational dose where possible. (
  • Appropriate eye protection will limit the exposure to ionising radiation. (
  • At their March 2010 meeting, the Board of Directors ("BOD") approved a new occupational exposure limit ("OEL") review and adoption procedure . (
  • The regulations for occupational exposure to non-ionising radiation for each jurisdiction are less clear, however, protection principles by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection state that pregnant women should not be exposed above the public exposure limit. (
  • A major role of OEBs is to provide an alternative benchmark for assessing exposure in the absence of an occupational exposure limit (OEL). (
  • The figures are used to calculate each worker's daily vibration exposure, which is then compared against the vibration exposure action values and limit values. (
  • If no such information is available or if a worker's exposure is believed to be close to the action value or the limit value, the exact magnitude of the vibration must be measured in the workplace. (
  • To investigate the relationship between fluoride exposure and respiratory symptoms in welders using basic electrodes containing calcium fluoride, 63 railroad track welders were interviewed. (
  • Seventeen welders reported respiratory symptoms related to welding fume exposures. (
  • Respiratory Symptom Questionnaires: The presence or development of respiratory symptoms may also be critical to the identification of possible pulmonary injury from exposure to nano-materials. (
  • REACH Annex 1 Section 1.0.1 defines DNELs to be a level of exposure to the substance above which humans should not be exposed. (
  • Evaluates the carcinogenic risk to humans posed by occupational exposure during the spraying and application of insecticides. (
  • On the basis of this evaluation, the book concludes that the spraying and application of nonarsenical insecticides entail exposures that are probably carcinogenic to humans. (
  • There is limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of occupational exposure to chlorophenols to humans. (
  • EMSL also provides a wide range of personal protective equipment that can help prevent occupational exposures. (
  • With good practice, patient dose does not translate directly to occupational dose. (
  • With the changing regulatory arena, shifting centers of manufacturing growth, and the move towards a more global view on occupational hygiene issues, it is important for the Occupational Hygiene profession to understand the current and growing issues impacting the continued viability of OEL's in our professional practice. (
  • How Are Occupational Exposure Bands Being Used in Practice? (
  • Current standards of medical/dental practice require a specific plan with written protocols addressing student/employee/patient exposure to blood-borne pathogens. (
  • AOHP's EXPO-S.T.O.P. (EXPOsure Survey of Trends in Occupational Practice) was established as a nationally representative blood exposure database and benchmark resource and has completed its fifth consecutive annual survey. (
  • WASHINGTON , May 6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Organization for Occupational Radiation Safety in Interventional Fluoroscopy (ORSIF) today announced the release of a new documentary film to focus widespread attention on the impact that chronic, low-level exposure to ionizing radiation has on physicians that practice interventional medicine in fluoroscopy labs. (
  • Occupational exposure to noise and mortality from acute myocardial infarction. (
  • Results suggest a possible association between occupational particulate exposures and ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality as well as non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and stronger evidence of associations with heart rate variability and systemic inflammation, potential intermediates between occupational PM exposure and IHD. (
  • The most likely cause of HIV exposure is from a contaminated needle, known as a needlestick injury. (