Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Air Bags: Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Acceleration: An increase in the rate of speed.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Prenatal Injuries: Damages to the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN or the FETUS before BIRTH. Damages can be caused by any factors including biological, chemical, or physical.Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Sick Building Syndrome: A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Facial Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Databases as Topic: Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Hip Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the hip.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Skull Fractures: Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).Neck Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.United StatesWheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.ManikinsWounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Air Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.EnglandRisk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Unbelted occupants sustained fatal injuries throughout the whole speed scale, whereas none of the belted occupants were fatally ... by keeping occupants positioned correctly for maximum effectiveness of the airbag (if equipped) and by preventing occupants ... a crash that causes the vehicle door to open leaves the occupant without belt protection. In such a scenario, the occupant may ... Child occupants[edit]. Main article: Infant car seat. As with adult drivers and passengers, the advent of seat belts was ...
Occupant behavior[edit]. The overall success of the deep energy retrofit project also depends upon the inclusion of occupants ... Guide occupants using short-term usage targets Energy efficiency measures[edit]. Cluett and Amann (2014) found the most ... Occupant behavior requires the project to focus on building owners' needs and wants as much as the technical specifications. ... Difficult for occupants to delay the gratification of investing in glamorous efficiency measures (such as solar PV or windows ...
They help to properly position occupants to maximize the airbag's benefits and they help restrain occupants during the initial ... the occupant over time and over the occupant's body, compared to a seat belt alone. ... Occupant sensing devices let the airbag control unit know if someone is occupying a seat adjacent to an airbag, the mass/weight ... As the vehicle occupant collides with and squeezes the bag, the gas escapes in a controlled manner through small vent holes. ...
1002 occupants. De Bisschoppen (the Bishops,) built in 2006. 552 occupants. Casa Confetti, built in 2008. 377 occupants. ... Many of the buildings are named after scientists that worked in a field which is similar to the specialization of the occupants ... 655 occupants. "Start bouw grootste parkeergarage Utrecht". Architectuur.org. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011. "Home ...
320 Occupants". The New York Times. Ferretti, Fred (August 11, 1973). "Two More Bodies Found in Rubble; 4 Are Now Known Dead in ...
160 occupants. The word "Eglise" translates into "church", there is a church in Heume l'Eglise which served as church for the ...
Occupants. Gajaba Regiment. Fort Fredrick (Tamil: திருகோணமலை கோட்டை, translit. Tirukōṇamalai Kōṭṭai; Sinhalese: ත්‍රිකුණාමලය ...
The impact and resulting fire killed everyone on board KLM 4805 and most of the occupants of Pan Am 1736, with only 61 ...
19 occupants were believed to have survived the impact, but their injuries prevented them from escaping.[4]:76 ... His body and those of the other occupants were later recovered. ...
Seven occupants died. 8 October 1969: a Cruzeiro do Sul Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI R en route from Belém-Val de Cans to ...
"Occupants at Nanteos". Retrieved 2011-07-05. Hansard 1803-2005: contributions in Parliament by William Powell. ...
Seven occupants died. 12 August 1965: a Curtiss C-46A-50-CU Commando registration PP-BTH en route to Cuiabá caught fire and ...
All occupants survived; aircraft had to be scrapped. On 21 September 2005, JetBlue Flight 292, using an Airbus A320-232, ... The A320 lost half its vertical stabilizer but landed safely; the helicopter crashed, killing three of its occupants.[citation ... This accident resulted in the deaths of 87 of the aircraft's occupants (six crew members, 90 passengers). On 14 September 1993 ...
Many of the occupants, up to 100, were sleeping at the time, and this was the number proclaimed dead at that site. This event ... ISBN 978-0-521-82869-7. "12-Story Apartment Collapses in Temblor; 100 Occupants Perish". The Los Angeles Times. August 29, 1973 ...
". "Household Occupants 1911". "Gertie Shields Interview". ...
Both occupants died. [1] "T.3-57 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 August 2010. "Crash Cuatro ...
The 6 occupants died. 7 January 1953: An Associated Air Transport C-46F (N1648M) crashed 8 mi west of Fish Haven, Idaho after ... All seven occupants died. 16 December 1951: A Miami Airlines C-46F (N1678M) stalled and crashed at Elizabeth, New Jersey due to ... Seven occupants died. 29 October 1960: A chartered C-46 carrying the Cal Poly football team crashed on takeoff in Toledo, Ohio ... 16 January 1959: Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 205 crashed on approach to Mar del Plata killing 51 occupants: five crew members ...
One of the aircraft consequently crashed; both occupants died. The other aircraft landed safely. The first aircraft was a ... "Insassen des abgestürzten Learjets vermutlich tot" [Occupants of the crashed Learjet presumed dead] (in German). Die Welt. ...
None of the 20 occupants were injured. In September 2007, two separate incidents of similar landing gear failures occurred ... four occupants died. February 12, 2009: Colgan Air Flight 3407 a Q400, from Newark Liberty International Airport to Buffalo ...
Additional occupants on the campus include: The Academic Council of the United Nations System (ACUNS), The International ... "CIGI Campus Occupants". "CIGI launches international law program with search for director". CIGI Campus Website CIGI's Official ... was the first occupant of the campus in fall 2011. The school comprises roughly 60 percent of the campus building. ...
All occupants survived. Scheduled airline traffic shares the Eastern Iowa Airport with cargo and general aviation traffic. ...
Sole occupants. Unmarried couples with/without children. Lone parents. Shared homes and institutions. ...
All eight occupants died. The base is located 6 km east of downtown Canoas and 21 km north of downtown Porto Alegre. Air Force ...
Twenty-eight occupants died. It was blamed on pilot error. On January 7, 2011 a Bombardier Dash 8-100, operating as Piedmont ...
All 12 occupants were killed. The probable cause of the accident was the failure of one or both artificial horizon instruments ... All 9 occupants died. 24 July 1999: an Air Fiji Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante registration DQ-AFN on a domestic flight from ... All 13 occupants of the aircraft and 2 persons on the ground died. 3 February 1992: a Nordeste Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante ... All 17 occupants died. 9 October 1985: a Nordeste Embraer EMB110C Bandeirante registration PT-GKA operating a cargo flight from ...
Asking building occupants about symptoms they experience in certain rooms of the building ...
Green building techniques also create buildings that are healthier and more comfortable for their occupants, and for me the ... with such vigor that in some cases our buildings became airtight breeding grounds for germs and toxins and building occupants ...
Are there any occupants in your building that experience acute unexplained health conditions? Learn about sick building ... Sick Building Syndrome is a term used to describe situations in which building occupants experience acute health conditions ...
It is described as a phenomenon affecting building occupants who experience symptoms of ill health probably due to flaws in ... the time has come to actually change our mind-set and enhance the overall mental and physical well-being of the occupants of ...
The term sick building syndrome (SBS) is used to describe situations in which building occupants experience acute health ...
Several sick occupants may report individual symptoms which do not appear to be connected. The key to discovery is the ... In most cases, SBS symptoms will be relieved soon after the occupants leave the particular room or zone.[12] However, there can ... Human exposure to bioaerosols has been documented to give rise to a variety of adverse health effects.[5] Building occupants ... and Occupant Complaints". Indoor Air. 10 (4): 212-221. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0668.2000.010004212.x.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: ...
The automotive safety community is starting to question the impact of obesity on occupant protection. This study investigates ... fatality and serious injury risks for front-seat occupants by Body Mass In ... The results show that obese occupants have a higher fatality risk compared to normal BMI occupants; morbidly obese occupants ( ... Occupant exposure and injury was divided in seven BMI categories with obese defined as those with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. Injuries were ...
Of the 405 injured occupants, 141 received their lower extremity injuries against the instrument panel.The occupants most ... serious injury was related to car model year, age of occupant, vehicle weight, and estimated impact s ... A study was made of 290 collisions containing 464 front seat car occupants. ... The occupants most serious injury was related to car model year, age of occupant, vehicle weight, and estimated impact speed. ...
... Both older and younger passenger vehicle occupants are benefiting from efforts to improve ... Injury vulnerability and effectiveness of occupant protection technologies for older occupants and women. by C. J. Kahane, ... Load limiters manage the force that belts apply to occupants chests in a crash by allowing some of the webbing to spool out ... For example, some earlier belt designs were more likely to cause rib and other injuries in older occupants than younger adults ...
Occupant is a play by Edward Albee, published in 2001. The play was originally set to premiere in 2002 at Signature Theatre ... Albee, Edward (2009). Occupant. Samuel French, Inc. ISBN 9780573663802. ...
Single-occupant vehicle may refer to: Single-occupant vehicle, a vehicle designed to accommodate only one person (the driver ...
... J.A. Bennett and G.J. Park Engineering Mechanics Department, General Motors Research ... The nonlinearities in the response can come from either abrupt changes in the occupants interaction with the interior or from ...
Expert tips on low-cost ways to make a home safer and more comfortable for older occupants, including removing throw rugs and ...
As long as the asbestos is not damaged, there is no hazard to building occupants. If the asbestos is damaged, the issue is ... The environmental health and safety department is offering Asbestos Awareness for Building Occupants, WTD166, to anyone who is ... Asbestos awareness for building occupants sessions in July, September. By Learning and Development ...
Computer modeling and simulation have become one of the primary methods for development and design of automobile occupant ... Correlation Grading Methodology for Occupant Protection System Models 2004-01-1631. Computer modeling and simulation have ... Computer simulation Mathematical models Occupant protection Statistical analysis Simulation and modeling Airbag systems ... Citation: Ma, D., Matlack, J., Zhang, H., and Sparkman, J., "Correlation Grading Methodology for Occupant Protection System ...
As long as the asbestos is not damaged, there is no hazard to building occupants. If the asbestos is damaged, the issue is ... Asbestos awareness for building occupants training session offered May 1 Newsletters and magazines. *Johnson Cancer Research ... Asbestos awareness for building occupants training session offered May 1 Submitted by Human Capital Services-Learning and ... The environmental health and safety department is offering Asbestos Awareness for Building Occupants, WTD166, to anyone ...
Evaluating Occupant Load Factors for Ambulatory Health Care Facilities. *Evaluating Occupant Load Factors For Business ... "Direct Visual Signaling as a Means for Occupant Notification in Large Spaces Research Project" (PDF). Author: Robert P. ... Detection and Alarm Research Council identified the need for a study of direct visual signaling as a means for occupant ...
Evaluating Occupant Load Factors for Ambulatory Health Care Facilities. *Determining Self-Preservation Capability in Pre-School ... This project is phase 1 effort of the Evaluation of the Responsiveness of Occupants to Fire Alarms in Buildings with an ... Evaluation of the Responsiveness of Occupants to Fire Alarms in Buildings: Phase 1. This Phase 1 effort focuses on literature ... Fire Protection Research Foundation report: "Evaluation of the Responsiveness of Occupants to Fire Alarms in Buildings: Phase 1 ...
Coop Sanitation from prior occupants Discussion in Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures started by mrsjohnson0807, Mar ...
Applicability of seat-belt law to all occupants (Road Safety). This indicator is available in the following set of views in the ...
Paul: Occupants of two cars trade gunfire… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... Pauls Grand Avenue was startled Thursday evening when the occupants of two cars opened fire on each other a short distance ... Police did not receive a good description of either vehicle or their occupants. No suspects were in custody late Thursday. ... But police believe the occupants of the cars - both eastbound on Grand - were more likely firing at each other. ...
Occupant restraint use in 2012: results from the national occupant protection use survey controlled intersection study. ... FIGURE 2. Percentage of emergency department visits for the top five nonfatal crash injuries among motor vehicle occupants, by ... TABLE 1. Number and rate* of emergency department visits for nonfatal crash injuries among motor vehicle occupants, by age ... TABLE 2. Average and total costs* of emergency department visits for nonfatal crash injuries among motor vehicle occupants, by ...
The apparatus (10) also comprises an inflation fluid source (24) that is actuatable to direct into the vehicle occupant ... The closed cell foam material assists in maintaining the vehicle occupant protection device (14) in an inflated condition. ... comprises a vehicle occupant protection device (14) that is inflatable between a part (16) of the vehicle and a vehicle ... for forming a low-density closed cell foam material in the vehicle occupant protection device. ...
... for inflating an inflatable vehicle occupant restraint, such as an air bag (12), includes a collision sensor (24), an inflator ... An inflatable vehicle occupant restraint, such as an air bag, is inflated to protect an occupant of a vehicle upon the ... When the air bag 12 is inflated, it extends into a vehicle occupant compartment 16 to help protect a vehicle occupant from ... For example, the apparatus could include other sensors such as an occupant presence sensor, an occupant out-of-position sensor ...
Fourteen percent of the patients stayed in a room where the prior occupant was MRSA positive while 13% stayed in a room where ... However, there was a significant difference for rooms where the previous occupant was a VRE carrier versus non-carrier (5.6% ... Acquisition of an antibiotic-resistant infection was significantly higher among patients whose prior room occupant had a MRSA ... Exposure to a room where the prior occupant harbored either resistant infection significantly predicted transmission. This was ...
  • Green building techniques also create buildings that are healthier and more comfortable for their occupants, and for me the benefits and impact could not be better showcased than in healthcare. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Capabilities that are desirable range from adapting to harsher cycles of wind and rain, to drastically increasing durability in the context of recycling and reuse, to responding to the evolving needs of occupants over multiple timescales. (durham.ac.uk)
  • The environmental health and safety department is offering Asbestos Awareness for Building Occupants, WTD166, to anyone who is interested in learning more about what asbestos is, health concerns associated with it, and where it can be found on campus. (k-state.edu)
  • As long as the asbestos is not damaged, there is no hazard to building occupants. (k-state.edu)
  • If the asbestos is damaged, the issue is resolved as quickly as possible to avoid endangering building occupants. (k-state.edu)
  • This Phase 1 effort focuses on literature review to gather information from the available materials on the effectiveness of fire alarm signals, voice alarms and mobile technology on notifying the building occupants in the event of an emergency. (nfpa.org)
  • Building occupants filled out a survey at that time with questions about "building-related symptoms," defined as symptoms that were experienced in the building but improved away from the building. (ohsonline.com)
  • Implementing operating strategies that focus on the health and wellness of building occupants is increasingly critical to keeping occupants happy, safe, and satisfied with their workplace. (facilitiesnet.com)
  • While these certifications and other health-related programs for employees come at a cost, there are unexpected benefits not only for building occupants, but also for the bottom line. (facilitiesnet.com)
  • People, and especially children, living in homes once used as clandestine methamphetamine laboratories can be exposed to these dangers left behind in chemical residues throughout a property," said Joe Frasca, Senior Vice President of Marketing at EMSL Analytical, Inc. "Many of these chemicals can remain a hazard long after the property was used to produce meth and unsuspecting residents and building occupants could be at risk. (emsl.com)
  • Building occupants affect building energy use directly and indirectly by interacting with building energy systems such as adjusting temperature set-points, switching lights on/off, using electrical devices and opening/closing windows. (dtu.dk)
  • Longitudinal statistical change in the perceptionsof building occupants were triangulated with measured and calculated contextual information to determine potential causal factors, with the strength of causality based on the weight of evidence.The research revealed a consistency in each building's main comfort and satisfaction scores over time, unless contextual or population changes had occurred to alter occupants perceptions, and thereby their scoring. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Green buildings with good indoor environmental quality protect the health and comfort of building occupants. (usgbc.org)
  • One of the hot topics of discussion in the sustainable design arena today is indoor air quality, or IAQ, which refers to the content of interior air and how healthy it is for building occupants. (certainteed.com)
  • Such a challenge is even more significant when modeling occupant behavior and performance responses to fire conditions since deteriorating conditions influence the occupants' adoption of new responses. (auburn.edu)
  • The national average annual cost for a private room (single occupant) in a Medicare certified nursing home is $70,912 ($194.28/day). (silverbook.org)
  • The main study exposures for each target occupant were the presence of another occupant (not the other target pair member) who might be thrown against the target, as well as the restraint use of this other occupant. (eurekalert.org)
  • In a multivariable analysis controlling for both exposures and patient characteristics, the odds of cases having been exposed to a prior bed occupant with the same organism were 5.83 times that of controls (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.62-9.39), and the odds of cases having been exposed to a roommate with the same organism were 4.82 times that of controls (95% CI, 3.67-6.34). (cambridge.org)
  • however, bidirectional exchange of microbes between occupants and surfaces can be confounded by lifestyle, architecture, and external environmental exposures. (ucsd.edu)
  • This study indicates that motor vehicle exhaust and evaporative emissions are major sources of both car and bus occupants' exposures to aromatic VOCs in both Taegu and Hayang. (trb.org)
  • Acquisition of an antibiotic-resistant infection was significantly higher among patients whose prior room occupant had a MRSA infection (3.9% versus 2.9%, adjusted odds ratio 1.4, P =0.04) or VRE positive infection (4.5% versus 2.8%, adjusted OR 1.4, P =0.02), reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • We have implemented the proposed architecture based on SIP, WebRTC and an IoT gateway system connected to the multi-occupant conventional video door phone system. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • and (3) defining the relationships between sensors, occupants, occupancy, time series, and building components in the context of building evacuation. (easychair.org)
  • Occupant characteristics are considered important features incorporated into most evacuation models. (auburn.edu)
  • The relative scarcity of evacuation experiments in the literature, contributes to some extent to the continuous challenge of occupant data representation in computer evacuation models. (auburn.edu)
  • The primary objective of this research was to bridge the gap between the development and representation of occupant data pertaining to crawling, one of the more important responses to evacuation in fire and smoke conditions. (auburn.edu)
  • The study also examined the impact of route design on evacuation times for crawling movements by comparing evacuation time for a straight route to an indirect route design, and the influence of occupant characteristics on evacuation time for occupants crawling such an indirect route. (auburn.edu)
  • This project is phase 1 effort of the 'Evaluation of the Responsiveness of Occupants to Fire Alarms in Buildings' with an overall goal of developing guidance for best practices on emergency notification of occupants in buildings. (nfpa.org)
  • Although significant improvements have been made to aircraft ventilation systems, cabin occupants are still exposed to allergens and infectious agents, airflow rates that are lower than those in buildings, and air pressures and humidity levels that are lower than those normally present at or near sea level. (gao.gov)
  • Research conducted at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory suggests that operating buildings more energy efficiently could have benefits for the health of occupants and, surprisingly, also for their comfort. (ohsonline.com)
  • The study produced data about indoor environmental conditions and the health of occupants in a representative set of U.S. office buildings. (ohsonline.com)
  • However, many of the buildings studied in winter, especially those with moderate outdoor temperatures at the time, may have been in "cooling" mode to handle internally generated heat from occupants, lights, and equipment. (ohsonline.com)
  • For these buildings, lowering indoor temperatures in the winter to decrease occupant symptoms would not be expected to provide energy savings, and in some cases might increase energy use. (ohsonline.com)
  • Administered by the International WELL Building Institute (IWBI) and certified by Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI), WELL is grounded in a body of medical research that explores the connection between the buildings where we spend more than 90 percent of our time, and the health and wellness impacts on us as occupants. (facilitiesnet.com)
  • This research studies perceived Quality of Life (QoL) and Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) of occupants' in the work environments of sustainable office buildings certified under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) system (green buildings) and in conventional office buildings. (umontreal.ca)
  • Roderic Bunn and Ljiljana Marjanovic-Halburd won the Carter Bronze Medal for Comfort signatures: How long-term studies of occupant satisfaction in office buildings reveal ongoing performance . (cibsejournal.com)
  • This time-series approach enabled an exploration of the relationship between occupants' perceptions of comfort and productivity, and the buildings' physical and functional characteristics. (cibsejournal.com)
  • Occupant behaviour has been shown to be one of the key driving factors of uncertainty in prediction of energy consumption in buildings. (dtu.dk)
  • With the growing influence of the green movement over the past few years, the importance of having sustainable, energy-efficient buildings that provide a healthy environment for occupants has increased exponentially. (certainteed.com)
  • IAQ problems arise in buildings whenever chemical or biological contaminants accumulate to levels that have a negative impact on the comfort or health of occupants. (certainteed.com)
  • Buildings that reach these levels of contamination are often said to have Sick Building Syndrome (SBS), and there is plenty of potential for occupants to become sick as well. (certainteed.com)
  • Many buildings, including schools and nursing homes, have been abandoned or demolished over the years because of the health threats they pose to occupants due to high presence of airborne molds and fungus spawned by overly damp conditions. (certainteed.com)
  • IFC also has the basic definitions of sensor and occupant entities. (easychair.org)
  • Changes in the load or force produced by the cylinder pressure or the occupant weight, alters the stress in the steel core of the sensor. (swri.org)
  • A method for estimating a number of occupants in a region comprises receiving a time series of sensor values detected over a period of time by a motion sensor. (patents.com)
  • A new sensor that incorporates the transfer of heat that radiates from surfaces - such as cold exterior walls of the building - could help building managers improve the comfort of occupants while also reducing heating and cooling costs. (princeton.edu)
  • Today's tip from Building Operating Management comes from Angela Cremeans and R. Stephen Spinazzola of RTKL: In facilities with wide swings in occupancy, demand ventilation systems - which strike a balance between occupant satisfaction, energy efficiency and cost savings - are worth a close look. (facilitiesnet.com)
  • Still, NHTSA's study suggests that these features are evening out protection for all occupants and supports a new IIHS analysis suggesting that safer vehicles are helping to reduce older drivers' risk of dying in a crash. (iihs.org)
  • Computer modeling and simulation have become one of the primary methods for development and design of automobile occupant protection systems (OPS). (sae.org)
  • In April of 2005, the Fire Protection Research Foundation's Detection and Alarm Research Council identified the need for a study of direct visual signaling as a means for occupant notification in large spaces. (nfpa.org)
  • The number saved each year by improved occupant protection, such as airbags and side-impact bars, built into cars is harder to estimate, but is clearly many thousands. (vti.se)
  • This paper describes the results of the occupant protection experiments included as part of the train-to-train impact test conducted at the Transportation Technology Center in Pueblo, Colorado on January 31, 2002. (asme.org)
  • Tyrell D, Zolock J, VanIngen-Dunn C. Train-to-Train Impact Test: Occupant Protection Experiments. (asme.org)
  • This study investigates fatality and serious injury risks for front-seat occupants by Body Mass Index (BMI). (sae.org)
  • Researchers estimated that side airbags lower fatalities in nearside impacts by 45 percent for people 70 and older in front seats, compared with an estimated 30 percent reduction for front-seat occupants ages 13-49. (iihs.org)
  • Because an unrestrained occupant could cause harm to another occupant during an auto crash, the risk of death is lowest when all occupants are restrained by seat belts, according to a study in the January 21 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). (eurekalert.org)
  • This study estimated the association between the death of a car occupant and the restraint use (seat belt of any type or a child car seat) of another occupant in the same car. (eurekalert.org)
  • And a side target pair consisted of one occupant in the front seat and one in the back seat, both on the same side of the car. (eurekalert.org)
  • Front occupants might be hurled against a target in the rear seat, especially when the impact is from the rear," the authors explain. (eurekalert.org)
  • the target and the other occupant are not separated by a seat back. (eurekalert.org)
  • The authors report that for a belted front seat occupant, the risk of death in a crash was increased by 20 percent if someone behind them was unrestrained. (eurekalert.org)
  • For a rear seat occupant, the risk of death was increased by 22 percent if someone in front of them was unrestrained. (eurekalert.org)
  • For a belted person on one side of the car, the risk of death was increased by 15 percent if an occupant in the same seat row on the other side of the car was not restrained. (eurekalert.org)
  • Forward-facing unrestrained occupants seated in rows, compartmentalized by the forward seat in order to limit the motions of the occupants. (asme.org)
  • 3. Forward-facing unrestrained occupant seated in the locomotive operator seat. (asme.org)
  • Overall, longitudinal observation of these dynamics enables us to dissect the influence of occupation, diet, and lifestyle factors on occupant and built environment microbial ecology. (ucsd.edu)
  • The longitudinal analysis has generated insights into trends in building performance that do not emerge from single surveys, and provided evidence of the key factors for ensuring long-term occupant satisfaction. (cibsejournal.com)
  • The aim of the research was to determine whether changing patterns in occupant comfort perceptions in longitudinal occupant surveys can be identified, and whether such patterns can be linked reliably to morphological, physical and operational factors. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This paper is a continuation of "Profiling occupant behaviour in Danish Dwellings using Time Use Survey Data: Part I" that focuses on time-related and time-specific aspects of occupants' activity profiles. (dtu.dk)
  • Viano, D. and Parenteau, C., "Crash Injury Risks for Obese Occupants," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-0528, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0528 . (sae.org)
  • Have crash tests ever used live (or dead) human occupants? (howstuffworks.com)
  • Crash testing studies the forces car occupants are exposed to during a crash in a controlled, measurable environment. (howstuffworks.com)
  • With all the sensors and technology built into a crash test dummy, why would a human occupant yield better crash test data? (howstuffworks.com)
  • A car occupant could be killed if struck by another occupant who was catapulted forward, backward, or sideways in a crash," the authors provide as background information in the article. (eurekalert.org)
  • But foreclosure auctions that are off-limits to investors and accessible to just owner-occupants are unheard of in today's market. (housingwire.com)
  • The nonlinearities in the response can come from either abrupt changes in the occupants interaction with the interior or from relatively minor fluctuation in the response due to the interactions of two restraint systems such as belts and airbags. (hindawi.com)
  • Property management analyst Ashley Halligan was in touch the other day, saying she had the opportunity to interview folks at Lucid's Design Group and LEED experts to pen an article concerning occupant behaviors and their impact on owner or manager green goals for a building. (greenbuildingelements.com)
  • Cette recherche étudie la perception de la qualité de vie (QV) et de la qualité de l'environnement intérieur (QEI) du point de vue des occupants d'espaces de travail certifiés « durables » selon le système d'énergie et de conception environnementale (LEED) et des occupants des immeubles de bureaux conventionnels. (umontreal.ca)
  • LEED est le système d'accréditation le plus populaire de nos jours en Amérique du Nord qui évalue les bâtiments verts en terme de leur performance environnementale. (umontreal.ca)
  • Toutefois, la revue de littérature indique que des occupants des édifices de bureaux certifiés LEED ne sont pas toujours satisfaits avec la QEI. (umontreal.ca)
  • Les bâtiments certifiés LEED sont en effet uniquement évalués selon des critères techniques de performance. (umontreal.ca)
  • Cette recherche utilise une approche mixte - quantitative et qualitative - en trois phases afin d'étudier de manière approfondie la perception de la qualité de vie des occupants de deux bâtiments certifiés LEED et d'un immeuble de bureaux conventionnel. (umontreal.ca)
  • West Metro Fire Rescue said a call was received from the house near Bowles and Kipling about 11 a.m. Tuesday saying that all the occupants, five adults and four children, felt ill. (columbinecourier.com)
  • He told Keates: "Your behaviour clearly endangered the lives of a number of occupants in that house, three of which were sleeping. (cambridge-news.co.uk)
  • In this study, we exploit diary-based Danish Time Use Surveys for understanding and modelling occupant behaviour in the residential sector in Denmark. (dtu.dk)
  • This ascertains actual performance, cost-effectiveness, willingness to progress from a design to an actual implementation, and occupant satisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spain and Latvia are highlighted by the researchers for having made particularly strong progress in cutting car occupant deaths. (vti.se)
  • The success in reducing deaths among car occupants is showing that combined efforts from the Swedish Transport Administration, car makers, the Police and all other actors, are bearing fruits", says Anna Vadeby, researcher at VTI and part of the ETSC panel. (vti.se)
  • Modelling energy-related human activities throughout the day, therefore, is crucial to defining more realistic occupant profiles for prediction of energy use to reduce the gap between predicted and real building energy consumptions. (dtu.dk)
  • These low temperatures in summer suggest that many occupants would be too cold in their offices, and this overcooling by the air conditioning systems also indicates wasted energy. (ohsonline.com)
  • Door phone systems, allowing occupants of a building to communicate with visitors at the door, have evolved over the years, with the current advancements being a fully internet protocol (IP) based solution. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • 1.1 This classification covers pairs of scales for classifying an aspect of the serviceability of an office facility, that is, the capability of an office facility to meet certain possible requirements to protect occupant assets. (astm.org)
  • Protect occupants against excessive noise, acceleration and radiation. (parabolicarc.com)
  • After that, the current study looked into the relationship between crowd density and occupant crawling movement, by examining the impact of occupant configuration (number of occupants) and exit access width on crowd walking and crawling speeds on a flat surface. (auburn.edu)
  • 4. A support foot-frame as in any of the preceding claims further comprising an attached impact decoupler that absorbs shock in the direction of motion of the aircraft, under rapid deceleration conditions of the aircraft thereby reducing the peak forces on the occupant and the track, under rapid deceleration conditions. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • It is suggested that a baseline for determining carrying capacity should be based on a thorough and detailed mapping of a building's context(s), alongside the results from occupant satisfaction surveys, and that these dual characteristics be used as baselines against which occupant satisfaction can be efficiently and effectively monitored and managed over time. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Explain to interested patients that this study found the ICU risks of contracting an antibiotic-resistant infection may be higher from contamination from the previous occupant, but that this additional risk is not high, accounting for only a small fraction of cases. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This looked at occupant surveys, which are often used as a benchmark for checking whether a building has met its desired outcomes during a soft landings handover, and the little-known, longer-term occupant perception. (cibsejournal.com)
  • The research covered two case studies of long-term occupant surveys over periods of between three and 21 years. (cibsejournal.com)
  • Wuhan's chairman, Zhou Xianwang, encouraged occupants to not leave the city and guests to stay away from it with the goal that the probability of transmission can be diminished. (headlinesoftoday.com)