Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Pediatric Obesity: BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Amino Sugars: SUGARS containing an amino group. GLYCOSYLATION of other compounds with these amino sugars results in AMINOGLYCOSIDES.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Sugar Alcohols: Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Deoxy SugarsWeight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Fructose: A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.Mice, Obese: Mutant mice exhibiting a marked obesity coupled with overeating, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, marked insulin resistance, and infertility when in a homozygous state. They may be inbred or hybrid.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Monosaccharides: Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Phosphoenolpyruvate Sugar Phosphotransferase System: The bacterial sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) that catalyzes the transfer of the phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate to its sugar substrates (the PTS sugars) concomitant with the translocation of these sugars across the bacterial membrane. The phosphorylation of a given sugar requires four proteins, two general proteins, Enzyme I and HPr and a pair of sugar-specific proteins designated as the Enzyme II complex. The PTS has also been implicated in the induction of synthesis of some catabolic enzyme systems required for the utilization of sugars that are not substrates of the PTS as well as the regulation of the activity of ADENYLYL CYCLASES. EC 2.7.1.-.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Hyperphagia: Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.Galactose: An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.Uridine Diphosphate SugarsBariatric Surgery: Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.HexosesAdipocytes: Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 4: A melanocortin receptor subtype found primarily in BRAIN. It shows specificity for ALPHA-MSH; BETA-MSH and ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)United StatesCarbohydrate Sequence: The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Intra-Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.Oligosaccharides: Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.Receptors, Leptin: Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.Sugar AcidsAdipokines: Polypeptides produced by the ADIPOCYTES. They include LEPTIN; ADIPONECTIN; RESISTIN; and many cytokines of the immune system, such as TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; and COMPLEMENT FACTOR D (also known as ADIPSIN). They have potent autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.TriglyceridesMannose: A hexose or fermentable monosaccharide and isomer of glucose from manna, the ash Fraxinus ornus and related plants. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Mice, Inbred C57BLFood Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.XyloseMotor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Carbohydrate Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a carbohydrate.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Adipose Tissue, White: Fatty tissue composed of WHITE ADIPOCYTES and generally found directly under the skin (SUBCUTANEOUS FAT) and around the internal organs (ABDOMINAL FAT). It has less vascularization and less coloration than the BROWN FAT. White fat provides heat insulation, mechanical cushion, and source of energy.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Sugar PhosphatesHypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Appetite Regulation: Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.Gastric Bypass: Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.Gastroplasty: Surgical procedures involving the STOMACH and sometimes the lower ESOPHAGUS to correct anatomical defects, or to treat MORBID OBESITY by reducing the size of the stomach. There are several subtypes of bariatric gastroplasty, such as vertical banded gastroplasty, silicone ring vertical gastroplasty, and horizontal banded gastroplasty.Hypothalamus: Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Adipogenesis: The differentiation of pre-adipocytes into mature ADIPOCYTES.Lactose: A disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.Hyperinsulinism: A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Dyslipidemias: Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Nucleoside Diphosphate SugarsAcetylglucosamine: The N-acetyl derivative of glucosamine.Disaccharides: Oligosaccharides containing two monosaccharide units linked by a glycosidic bond.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Subcutaneous Fat: Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.MethylglucosidesComorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Overnutrition: An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.FucoseGenotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Thermogenesis: The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Glycosylation: The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.Monosaccharide Transport Proteins: A large group of membrane transport proteins that shuttle MONOSACCHARIDES across CELL MEMBRANES.Appetite Depressants: Agents that are used to suppress appetite.GlucosamineRats, Zucker: Two populations of Zucker rats have been cited in research--the "fatty" or obese and the lean. The "fatty" rat (Rattus norvegicus) appeared as a spontaneous mutant. The obese condition appears to be due to a single recessive gene.Agouti Signaling Protein: A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids (depending on species) that regulates the synthesis of eumelanin (brown/black) pigments in MELANOCYTES. Agouti protein antagonizes the signaling of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTORS and has wide distribution including ADIPOSE TISSUE; GONADS; and HEART. Its overexpression in agouti mice results in uniform yellow coat color, OBESITY, and metabolic defects similar to type II diabetes in humans.3T3-L1 Cells: A continuous cell line that is a substrain of SWISS 3T3 CELLS developed though clonal isolation. The mouse fibroblast cells undergo an adipose-like conversion as they move to a confluent and contact-inhibited state.PolysaccharidesHomeostasis: The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.Glucose Intolerance: A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.Maltose: A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)ArabinoseMagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Sedentary Lifestyle: Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.Rhamnose: A methylpentose whose L- isomer is found naturally in many plant glycosides and some gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharides.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Body Fat Distribution: Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Appetite: Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Ribose: A pentose active in biological systems usually in its D-form.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Adipose Tissue, Brown: A thermogenic form of adipose tissue composed of BROWN ADIPOCYTES. It is found in newborns of many species including humans, and in hibernating mammals. Brown fat is richly vascularized, innervated, and densely packed with MITOCHONDRIA which can generate heat directly from the stored lipids.Pro-Opiomelanocortin: A 30-kDa protein synthesized primarily in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is also found in the skin and other peripheral tissues. Depending on species and tissues, POMC is cleaved by PROHORMONE CONVERTASES yielding various active peptides including ACTH; BETA-LIPOTROPIN; ENDORPHINS; MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES; and others (GAMMA-LPH; CORTICOTROPIN-LIKE INTERMEDIATE LOBE PEPTIDE; N-terminal peptide of POMC or NPP).TrehaloseTaste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Schools: Educational institutions.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.CyclobutanesNutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Satiety Response: Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.PhlorhizinHyperlipidemias: Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.HexosaminesFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.MethylglycosidesStarch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Acetylgalactosamine: The N-acetyl derivative of galactosamine.Pentoses: A class of carbohydrates that contains five carbon atoms.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
William R. Steiger
In 2004, on behalf of the Administration, he attacked a WHO plan to combat obesity, arguing that the link between the marketing ... Steiger's letter echoed complaints about the report from the U.S. sugar and food lobbies. Steiger was also identified in a ... Salant, Jonathan (February 11, 2009). "U.S. Opposes U.N. Obesity Report". CBS News. Retrieved September 28, 2011. Revill, Jo; ... "Who pays in the obesity war". Lancet. 363 (9406): 339. January 2004. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15469-X. PMID 15070556. ...
Norris, Jeffrey (2009-06-25). "Sugar Is a Poison, Says UCSF Obesity Expert". Ucsf.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-25. Myles S. Faith; ... However many fruit juices have a higher sugar (fructose) for example with grape juice having 50% more sugar than Coca-Cola. ... but the products may contain large amounts of naturally occurring sugars; however, sugar content is listed with other ... Fruit juice has also been linked to childhood obesity. The American Journal of Public Health proposed that the Healthy Hunger- ...
Only 2.9% of studies that found sugary beverages linked to higher rates of diabetes and obesity were underwritten by the sugar- ... Schillinger D, Tran J, Mangurian C, Kearns C (1 November 2016). "Do Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Cause Obesity and Diabetes? ... probability that a study was funded by sugar-sweetened beverage companies if it found no link between sugar-sweetened beverage ... A 2008 Duke University study on rats, funded by the Sugar Association, found adverse effects of consuming the artificial ...
High-fructose corn syrup
"U.S. Sugar Policy". SugarCane.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11.. *^ "Food without Thought: How U.S. Farm Policy Contributes to Obesity ... Obesity and metabolic disorders. Sugars became a health concern among the American public in the early 1970s with the ... In the U.S., sugar tariffs and quotas keep imported sugar at up to twice the global price since 1797, while subsidies to ... As a sweetener, HFCS is often compared to granulated sugar, but manufacturing advantages of HFCS over sugar include that it is ...
Diabetes mellitus type 2
"Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease risk". Circulation. 121 (11): 1356-64. doi ... Intensive blood sugar lowering (HbA1c,6%) as opposed to standard blood sugar lowering (HbA1c of 7-7.9%) does not appear to ... Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. The type of fats in the diet are ... A random blood sugar of greater than 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dL) in association with typical symptoms or a glycated hemoglobin ...
Seven Countries Study
Lustig, Robert (2014). Fat Chance: The Hidden Truth About Sugar, Obesity and Disease. London: Harper Collins. Moore, Jimmy; ... Today, sugar intake is known to increases the risk of diabetes mellitus, and increased dietary intake of sugar is known to be ... Gary (2014). "Sugar: Killing us Sweetly. Staggering Health Consequences of Sugar on Health of Americans". Global Research. ... Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease, Plume (Penguin), ISBN 978-0-14-218043-3, pp. 110-111. Te ...
Drink portal Mexico portal Pepsi-Cola Made with Real Sugar, a line of Pepsi products flavored with cane sugar Phillips, Matt; ... Obesity. 19 (4): 868-874. doi:10.1038/oby.2010.255. Retrieved 22 March 2013. Choi, Candice (Nov 6, 2013). "Mexican Coke in US ... Therefore, while Coca-Cola labeled "Mexican" in the United States is made with cane sugar, this is not true of all Coca-Cola ... In 2013, a Mexican Coca-Cola bottler announced it would stop using cane sugar in favor of glucose-fructose syrup. It later ...
Type 2 diabetes
"Sugar-sweetened beverages, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease risk". Circulation. 121 (11): 1356-64 ... Intensive blood sugar lowering (HbA1c,6%) as opposed to standard blood sugar lowering (HbA1c of 7-7.9%) does not appear to ... such as diet and obesity, other factors are not, such as increasing age, female gender, and genetics. Obesity is more ... Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. The type of fats in the diet are ...
Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is sometimes an ... The fluctuation of blood sugar (red) and the sugar-lowering hormone insulin (blue) in humans during the course of a day with ... Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. The type of fats in the diet is ... Management concentrates on keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal, without causing low blood sugar. This can usually be ...
POP SUGAR. "ChopChop Magazine fights child obesity 1 recipe at a time". Archived 2014-12-12 at Archive.is ABC 7 News Denver. " ... The content in ChopChop is designed to teach cooking and nutrition to children for the purpose of combating childhood obesity. ... "Magazine makes cooking a tool in fight against child obesity".. The Boston Globe "Koodies Now Have Their Own Magazine, ChopChop ...
Malik, V. S.; Popkin, B. M.; Bray, G. A.; Després, J. P.; Hu, F. B. (2010). "Sugar-sweetened beverages, obesity, type 2 ... Hu has conducted extensive research on sugar-sweetened beverages and the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular ... scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity- ... ". "Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center". "Obesity Program". Obesity Program. "NAM Elects 80 New Members". Ding, M; ...
European Sleep Apnea Database
"New Study Links Blood Sugar Levels With Sleep Apnea". The Huffington Post. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 21 ... The group published research in 2011 analyzing the percentage of patients suffering from sleep apnea that have obesity. By 2012 ... "Data from J. Hedner et al Provide New Insights into Cardiovascular Research". Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week. NewsRX LLC: 3. ... Right Vision News 2014 Daily The Pak Banker 2014 ESRS Newsletter 2013 Grote 2014 Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week 2011, p. 3. ...
Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is sometimes an ... Malik VS, Popkin BM, Bray GA, Després JP, Hu FB (2010-03-23). "Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and ... Management concentrates on keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal, without causing low blood sugar. This can usually be ... Low blood sugar is common in persons with type 1 and type 2 DM. Most cases are mild and are not considered medical emergencies ...
"Early-Life Sugar Consumption Affects the Rat Microbiome Independently of Obesity". The Journal of Nutrition. 147 (1): 20-28. ... In a study that examined the effect of introducing and reversing diet-induced obesity on the gut microbiome and metabolism in ... including inflammatory bowel diseases and obesity.) For example, Parasutterella was increased in the submucosa in the ileum of ... Other studies have shown increases of Parasutterella with sugar and alcohol consumption. Additional microbiome studies have ...
Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2
Sugar sweetened drinks appear to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes both through their role in obesity and potentially ... Obesity has been found to contribute to approximately 55% of cases of type 2 diabetes; chronic obesity leads to increased ... A number of dietary factors such as sugar sweetened drinks and the type of fat in the diet appear to play a role. In one study ... Clinical Obesity in Adults and Children (3rd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4443-0763-4. Malik VS, Popkin BM, Bray GA ...
High-fructose corn syrup
"U.S. Sugar Policy". SugarCane.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11. "Food without Thought: How U.S. Farm Policy Contributes to Obesity". ... In the U.S., sugar tariffs and quotas keep imported sugar at up to twice the global price since 1797, while subsidies to corn ... Factors in the rise of HFCS use include production quotas of domestic sugar, import tariff on foreign sugar, and subsidies of U ... As a sweetener, HFCS is often compared to granulated sugar, but manufacturing advantages of HFCS over sugar include that it is ...
mai 2000). «China battles obesity». BBC. Besøkt 8. august 2009.. *^ MacLeod, Calum (1. august 2007). «Obesity of China's kids ... Malik VS, Schulze MB, Hu FB (2006). «Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review». Am. J. Clin. ... Yosipovitch G, DeVore A, Dawn A (2007). «Obesity and the skin: skin physiology and skin manifestations of obesity». J. Am. Acad ... Obesity; WHO - Verdens helseorganisasjon. *Diet, Nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases (including obesity) by a ...
"Reduced Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Can Reduce Total Caloric Intake - The Obesity Society". www.obesity.org. ... invert sugar, lactose, malt syrup, maltose, molasses, raw sugar, sucrose, trehalose, and turbinado sugar. The added sugar ... Sugar-Sweetened beverages or sugary drinks are the leading source of added sugars in the American diet. Added sugars include ... "Reducing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce the risk of childhood overweight and obesity". World Health ...
Western pattern diet
Drewnowski, Adam (2007-01-01). "The Real Contribution of Added Sugars and Fats to Obesity". Epidemiologic Reviews. 29 (1): 160- ... Gary Taubes, Is Sugar Toxic?, The New York Times, April 13, 2011 Murtagh-Mark, Carol M.; Reiser, Karen M.; Harris, Robert; ... Americans consume more than 13% of their daily calories in the form of added sugars. Beverages such as flavored water, soft ... Complex carbohydrates such as starch are believed to be more healthy than the sugar so frequently consumed in the Standard ...
"Declining consumption of added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages in Australia: a challenge for obesity prevention" was ... Safi, Michael (20 July 2014). "Researchers cleared of misconduct in row over sugar link to obesity". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 ... over the same timeframe that obesity has increased." The "paradox" in its name refers to the fact that sugar consumption is ... and because ecological studies in the United States have found a positive relationship between sugar consumption and obesity ...
Κατάθλιψη - Βικιπαίδεια
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. The type of fats in the diet are ... Type 2 diabetes primarily occurs as a result of obesity and lack of exercise. Some people are more genetically at risk than ... If blood sugar levels are not adequately lowered, the medication metformin is typically recommended. Many people may eventually ... While some of these factors are under personal control, such as diet and obesity, other factors are not, such as increasing age ...
David Ludwig (physician)
"Extra Soft Drink Is Cited as Major Factor in Obesity". 16 February 2001. "Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened ... Hereditary factors in childhood obesity "HMS". Harvard School of Public Health Faculty New Balance Foundation Obesity ... "Childhood Obesity: A Call for Parents to Lose Custody". ABC News. July 14, 2011. Hachette Book Group. "Is a Calorie Always a ... A co-authored study showing a link between maternal weight gain and the child's later risk of obesity. He has warned that the ...
Strong black woman
Besides this, the high caloric value of the sugars themselves can contribute to obesity. Both are major health issues in the ... Coca-Cola Life (2013-present) - A version of Coca-Cola with stevia and sugar as sweeteners rather than simply sugar. ... "Role of Sugar and Sugar Substitutes in Dental Caries: A Review". ISRN Dentistry. 2013: 519421. doi:10.1155/2013/519421. ISSN ... A typical can of Coca-Cola (12 fl ounces/355 ml) contains 38 grams of sugar (usually in the form of HFCS), 50 mg of sodium ...
Processed, sugar and fat laden foods are known contributors to the United States' obesity epidemic. By 1973, "desert" was ... When high sugar, high fat, and high salt items are the only foods available to people living in a food desert, dietary ... low salt diet, low fat diet, low carbohydrate diet, low sugar diet) when living in a food desert without enough access to items ... Food deserts lack whole food providers who supply fruits and vegetables, and instead provide processed, sugar and fat laden ...
Dermatologists also recommend a diet low in simple sugars as a method of improving acne. As of 2014, the available evidence ... Few studies have examined the relationship between obesity and acne. Vitamin B12 may trigger skin outbreaks similar to acne ... Eating fewer simple carbohydrates such as sugar may minimize the condition. Treatments applied directly to the affected skin ...
軟性飲料 - 維基百科，自由的百科全書
"Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis" ... Schulze MB, Manson JE, Ludwig DS, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Hu FB Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and ... http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/117/3/673 Effects of Decreasing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption ...
2003). "A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity". N. Engl. J. Med. 348 (21): 2074-81. doi:10.1056/ ... "The glycemic index (GI) factor is a ranking of foods based on their overall effect on blood sugar levels. The diet based around ... He began publicly recommending his diet for everyone suffering from obesity. In 1724, he wrote An Essay of Health and Long Life ... "Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity" (PDF). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. USA ...
Wikipedia:Makala za msingi za kamusi elezo/Zote 1000, kamusi elezo huru
肥胖症 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书
It has been suggested that green and black tea may protect against cancer or other diseases such as obesity or ... British drinkers preferred to add sugar and milk to black tea, and black tea overtook green tea in popularity in the 1720s. ... By adding the milk afterwards, it is easier to dissolve sugar in the tea and also to ensure the desired amount of milk is added ... Tea in Ireland is usually taken with milk or sugar and is slightly spicier and stronger than the traditional English blend. The ...
多囊卵巢綜合症 - 维基百科，自由的百
Elevated blood sugar and insulin values do not predict who responds to an insulin-lowering medication, low-glycemic diet, and ... 2-Hour oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) in women with risk factors (obesity, family history, history of gestational diabetes)[ ... A hypoglycemic response in which the two-hour insulin level is higher and the blood sugar lower than fasting is consistent with ... PCOS, coronary heart disease, stroke and the influence of obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum. Reprod. Update. ...
Fruit and vegetables for kids
A 2007 study by Boeing et al., explored common chronic lifestyle diseases including diabetes type 2 mellitus, obesity, ... no added sugar) Vegetables 1/2 cup of cooked green or orange vegetables (broccoli, spinach, carrot) 1/2 cup cooked, canned or ... and is a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic (Pearson, 2009). Fruit and vegetables play a vital role in providing ...
நீரிழிவு நோய் (இரண்டாவது வகை) - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
"Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease risk". Circulation 121 (11): 1356-64. doi ... 45.0 45.1 Smyth, S; Heron, A (2006 Jan). "Diabetes and obesity: the twin epidemics". Nature medicine 12 (1): 75-80. doi:10.1038 ... O'Gorman, DJ; Krook, A (2011 Sep). "Exercise and the treatment of diabetes and obesity". The Medical clinics of North America ... Peter G. Kopelman, Ian D. Caterson, Michael J. Stock, William H. Dietz (2005). Clinical obesity in adults and children: In ...
Ascorbic acid is a weak sugar acid structurally related to glucose. In biological systems, ascorbic acid can be found only at ... "Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity". The Journal of ... all simple sugars) and proceeds to L-galactose, L-galactonolactone and ascorbic acid. There is feedback regulation in ... sugars, and salt. Voluntary nutrients may be shown if present in significant amounts. Instead of Daily Values, amounts are ...
eds.). Dietary intervention approaches to the treatment of obesity. Textbook of Obesity. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 295-309. ISBN ... Foods high in carbohydrates (e.g., sugar, bread, pasta) are limited, and replaced with foods containing a higher percentage of ... eds.). Behavioral approaches to the treatment of obesity. Textbook of Obesity. John Wiley & Sons. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-470-65588- ... Hall KD (2017). "A review of the carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity". Eur J Clin Nutr (Review). 71 (3): 323-326. doi:10.1038 ...
বহুমূত্র রোগ - উইকিপিডিয়া
"Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease risk"। Circulation। 121 (11): 1356-64। doi ... The fluctuation of blood sugar (red) and the sugar-lowering hormone insulin (blue) in humans during the course of a day with ... "Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes: A meta-analysis"। Diabetes Care। 33 (11): 2477- ... three meals - one of the effects of a sugar-rich vs a starch-rich meal is highlighted. ...
Debelost - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija
"Online Etymology Dictionary: Obesity". Douglas Harper. Pridobljeno dne 31. december 2008.. *↑ "Obesity, n". Oxford English ... "Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. Vol. 84 no. 2. str. 274-88. PMC ... International Obesity Taskforce. Pridobljeno dne januar 29, 2008.. *↑ 159,0 159,1 Haslam D (marec 2007). "Obesity: a medical ... Tjepkema M (2005-07-06). "Measured Obesity-Adult obesity in Canada: Measured height and weight". Nutrition: Findings from the ...
Sugar-sweetened beverages have become a target of anti-obesity initiatives with increasing evidence of their link to obesity.[ ... "Obesity (Silver Spring). 16 (3): 643-53. doi:10.1038/oby.2007.118. PMC 2723045. PMID 18239586.. ... For example, obesity is a significant problem in the United States that contributes to bad mental health and causes stress in ... Contemporary problems, such as the growing rate of obesity and issues relating to stress and overwork in many countries, have ...
... obesity and sedentary behaviour". Obesity Reviews. 14 (2): 171-182. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01052.x. PMID 23094988.. ... low blood sugar, and infections in the baby. ... Obesity in people with cerebral palsy or a more severe Gross ... such as obesity, is also higher among adults with cerebral palsy than the general population. Common problems include ...
Hypoglycemia, low blood sugar (worse in children due to loss of glucocorticoid's glucogenic effects) ... Diabetes and Obesity. 21 (3): 147-53. doi:10.1097/med.0000000000000067. PMID 24755997.. ... large amounts of intravenous fluids with the sugar dextrose are also required. Without treatment, an adrenal crisis can ...
Choi JW, Ford ES, Gao X, Choi HK (January 2008). "Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, diet soft drinks, and serum uric acid level: the ... obesity, diet, use of diuretics (e.g. thiazides, loop diuretics), and consumption of excess alcoholic beverages. Of these, ... consumption of four or more sugar-sweetened soft drinks per day gave an odds ratio of 1.82 for hyperuricemia. Increased ...
... salt and sugar. Having a poor diet not only contributes to obesity but also results in a lack of essential nutrients, including ... Obesity and Vitamin D Deficiency are both risk factors for periodontal disease that go hand in hand. Obesity is generally ... Individual risk factors include: Gender, smoking and alcohol consumption, diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome, ...
Dark chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, cocoa liquor, and (sometimes) vanilla. *Milk chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, cocoa liquor ... can cause weight gain and possibly lead to obesity. Raw chocolate is high in cocoa butter, a fat which is removed during ... Semisweet chocolate is dark chocolate with low sugar content. Bittersweet chocolate is chocolate liquor to which some sugar ( ... White chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, milk or milk powder, and vanilla. Usually, an emulsifying agent, such as soy lecithin, is ...
Abed HS, Wittert GA (November 2013). "Obesity and atrial fibrillation". Obesity Reviews. 14 (11): 929-38. doi:10.1111/obr.12056 ... or hypertension without specific blood sugar or blood pressure targets for people with atrial fibrillation. Bariatric ... High blood pressure, valvular heart disease, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, COPD, obesity, ... A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk factors associated with AF, such as obesity, hypertension, or diabetes mellitus. This ...
Avoid sugar, and limit the consumption of energy packed foods.. *Balance one's diet with a variety of vegetables, grains, ... Pedersen BK, Febbraio MA (April 2012). "Muscles, exercise, and obesity: skeletal muscle as a secretory organ". Nature Reviews. ... Individuals who keep up physical fitness levels generally regulate their distribution of body fat and stay away from obesity. ...
Food safety incidents in Taiwan
Chinese: 泰山), Ting Hsin International Group (Chinese: 頂新集團) and Taiwan Sugar Corporation (Chinese: 台糖). ... The pills product called the Wellslim Plus+ contains cetilistat, a lipase inhibitor designed to treat obesity. ... including well-known brands such as Taiwan Sugar Corporation, Ve Wong Corp. (味王), Chi Mei Frozen Food Co. (奇美食品), Sheng Hsiang ...
Is sugar causing the obesity 'epidemic'? - NHS
Sugar is the new tobacco, and many news outlets focused on the link being made between high sugar consumption (leading to a ... Sugar hit the headlines last week when the Daily Mail and The Independent led with the quote ... higher calorie intake) and the rise in obesity and diabetes... ... Sugar Nutrition UK cites a review on sugar and obesity ... Action on Sugar believes the link between calories and obesity is caused in part by high sugar consumption, and that not enough ...
Can sugar taxes solve the obesity and diabetes epidemics?
... and obesity rates - are among the highest in the world. ... sugar tax on fizzy drinks has come into force in the UK. Might ... Will soft drink sugar taxes solve the obesity and diabetes epidemics?. Recently, the sugar tax on fizzy drinks came into ... Sugar tax - Daily Sugar Consumption (global). The same self-delusion appears to take place in Britain. Research by the Office ... Sugar Tax - Child sugar consumption (UK). With more people surviving the illnesses that used to kill them, enabling long and ...
Research causes stir over sugar's role in obesity
... sugar is not to blame for obesity in Australia. ... Research causes stir over sugars role in obesity. By Mark ... she and Dr Barclay challenge the widely-held view linking sugar with obesity, saying statistics show obesity has risen three- ... His conclusion is that the ecological trends of sugar and obesity are pretty well matched and I do not believe there is any ... It seeks to show that while obesity rates continue to swell, refined sugar consumption has fallen in recent years. ...
Mangoes and blood sugar: Cholesterol, regulation, and obesity
Here, we explore the compounds in mangoes that may regulate levels of cholesterol and blood sugar. We also describe the fruits ... Blood sugar regulation. Mango contains a lot of natural sugar, but a little mango may help to control blood sugar levels in ... Does depression cause obesity or does obesity cause depression?. Depression and obesity are known to be linked, but science has ... Adding mangoes to a healthful diet could benefit levels of blood sugar and lipids, and it may help to combat obesity. However, ...
Could a sugar tax help combat obesity? | The BMJ
Could a sugar tax help combat obesity?. BMJ 2015; 351 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h4047 (Published 29 July 2015) Cite this ... Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva says that a specific tax on sugar would reduce consumption, but Jack Winkler thinks that such taxes ... However, increasing evidence suggests that taxes on soft drinks, sugar, and snacks can change diets and improve health, ...
Taxing sugar may be the answer to the growing problem of obesity
However, the Food and Drink Federation responded that sugar was not the cause of obesity, when eaten as part of a balanced diet ... Chemist Direct discovers experts believe that refined sugars should be taxed to try to tackle the problem with obesity in the ... Taxing sugar may be the answer to the growing problem of obesity. ... which works to reduce the amount of sugar added to food and soft drinks and educate people about hidden sugars. One of their ...
Politicians must get tough on sugar to curb obesity crisis | New Scientist
... the UK government isnt living up to its tough talk on obesity, says Graham MacGregor ... By rejecting a sugar tax and dragging its heels on health advice, ... The same reformulation could be done for sugar, particularly in sugar-sweetened soft drinks, as removing the sugar doesnt ... Several countries have a sugar tax, particularly on sugar-sweetened soft drinks. In Mexico, consumption of such drinks fell by ...
'Sugar and carbs are the obesity culprits, not lack of...
... it does little to counter obesity, say experts, who emphasize dietary choice is the important factor. ... Sugar and carbs are the obesity culprits, not lack of exercise." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 23 Apr. 2015. Web. ... Excess sugar and carbohydrates, not physical inactivity, are to blame for the obesity epidemic, says the editorial. ... MacGill, M. (2015, April 23). "Sugar and carbs are the obesity culprits, not lack of exercise." Medical News Today. Retrieved ...
Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk | Pediatrics
obesity. Whats Known on This Subject:. Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with childhood obesity risk. ... Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(2):274-288pmid:16895873. ... Sugar-sweetened beverage intake and overweight in children from a Mediterranean country. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(1):127-132 ... The consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drink is associated with reduced vegetable44 and milk consumption45 (typically low-salt ...
Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. - PubMed - NCBI
Obesity And The Toxic-Sugar Wars : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture : NPR
Barbara J. King offers her own view of the ongoing controversy about diet, health and obesity. ... insist that eating sugar is highly toxic. More moderate voices from science arent so sure thats the case. ... Obesity And The Toxic-Sugar Wars : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture Forceful voices, like that of pediatric endocrinologist Robert ... One thing to note is that the link between sugar and the rise of obesity and diabetes in the U.S. is based on correlational ...
Sugar tax loophole will still allow cut-price fattening drinks, warns obesity expert
Retailers will still be able to sell cut-price fattening drinks because of a loophole in the new sugar levy, the Governments ... Sugar tax loophole will still allow cut-price fattening drinks, warns obesity expert ... The levy will force manufacturers to pay a charge for drinks with added sugar, and total sugar content of five grams or more ... Retailers will still be able to sell cut-price fattening drinks because of a loophole in the new sugar levy, the Governments ...
Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk | Articles | Pediatrics
Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk. Carley A. Grimes, Lynn J. Riddell, Karen J. ... Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk. Carley A. Grimes, Lynn J. Riddell, Karen J. ... b Weight classification based on the International Obesity Task Force BMI reference cutoffs.22,23 ...
Documentary Exposes How Sugar and Our Food System Fuel Obesity
The greatest factor fueling the childhood obesity epidemic is excess dietary sugar, which may be eight times as addictive as ... Documentary Exposes How Sugar and Our Food System Fuels Obesity Previous Article Next Article ... This excess sugar is at the heart of the metabolic dysfunction thats driving obesity, diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease ... By far, the greatest factor fueling the childhood obesity epidemic is excess dietary sugar, which may be eight times as ...
Eating meat is as bad as sugar for obesity | News24
Fresh evidence claims eating too much meat can be just as destructive as too much sugar, which means it could be time to step ... it was discovered that meat contributed around 13 per cent to obesity levels, the same as sugar. ... Fresh evidence claims eating too much meat can be just as destructive as too much sugar, which means it could be time to step ... A team of scientists from the University of Adelaide came to their conclusion after comparing obesity and meat consumption ...
Reducing Obesity Through Sugar Taxes and Warnings | SGS
5 Sugar Tax Survives in watered-down Obesity Strategy l The Week UK. 6 Big Sodas Loses Fight to Stop San Franciscos Sugar ... Sugar is now considered as a main part of the cause of the worldwide obesity epidemic. Around the world, average sugar ... While Britons have been advised that sugar should only be 5% of ones diet the 4 to 18 year old age group consumes sugar at an ... Drinking beverages with added sugar(s) contributes to obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay. This is a message from the City and ...
Obesity in America ...is it the Sugar? | HubPages
Obesity in America …is it the serving size? This could be part of the problem. Then the question was asked …is it because of ... if you crave sugar or sweet foods, carbohydrates and snack foods, more than likely your blood sugar levels are out of whack …. ... Obesity in America ...is it the Sugar?. Updated on November 2, 2010 ... Then another question was …could the obesity be connected somehow with the processed food? And now we ask …could the obesity ...
Could sugar be responsible for the obesity and diabetes epidemics? | EurekAlert! Science News
The idea that sugar could be a fundamental cause of the global obesity and diabetes epidemics, with deleterious effects on the ... The idea that sugar could be a fundamental cause of the global obesity and diabetes epidemics, with deleterious effects on the ... "It could be that for people who have obesity or diabetes, or both, even a little is too much. And the ubiquity of sugar rich ... Doctors have long suspected sugar is not simply a source of excess calories but a fundamental cause of obesity and type 2 ...
Sugar consumption, metabolic disease and obesity: The state of the controversy. - PubMed - NCBI
Sugar consumption, metabolic disease and obesity: The state of the controversy.. Stanhope KL1,2. ... which are the predominant added sugars. Consumption of added sugar is associated with development and/or prevalence of fatty ... The impact of sugar consumption on health continues to be a controversial topic. The objective of this review is to discuss the ... Consumption of excess sugar may also promote the development of CVD and T2DM indirectly by causing increased body weight and ...
WHO/Europe | Estonia tackles obesity with tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
... which is predicted to lead to lower intakes of free sugar and energy and in turn contribute to improvements in obesity and ... starting with a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages that is set to come into force in 2018. The initiative is expected to raise 24 ... Estonia has unveiled plans to tackle obesity by reducing sugar consumption, ... Estonia has unveiled plans to tackle obesity by reducing sugar consumption, starting with a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages ...
Sugar in kids' cereals must be slashed to beat childhood obesity, NHS boss warns
... how some companies were marketing their high-sugar products as healthy ... SUGAR in kids cereals must be cut over the next few years if the Government is to hit its target to beat childhood obesity, ... Sugar in kids cereals must be slashed to beat childhood obesity, NHS boss warns. NHS England boss Simon Stevens said it was ... NHS boss Simon Stevens warned Sugar in cereals should be cut over the next few years in order to help fight childhood obesity, ...
Soda Taxes Won't Actually Cut Obesity, But Stopping Subsidizing Sugar & Corn Might: Study | TreeHugger
Its tempting to think that in the fight against rising obesity rates in the US simply taxing soda (or pop, depending on your ... More on Obesity:. Fighting Obesity, NYC Looks to Regulate the Use of Food Stamps. Doubt Your Chance of Obesity and Heart Attack ... Soda Taxes Wont Actually Cut Obesity, But Stopping Subsidizing Sugar & Corn Might: Study. ... Fight Obesity With 10 Miles of Cycle Tracks Per State. US Adult Obesity Rate May Hit 42% Before Plateauing ...
WHO: Cut sugar intake to fight obesity and tooth decay - EURACTIV.com
Adults and children must cut the amount of sugar they consume every day in fizzy drinks and sweet foods to lower their risk of ... obesity and tooth decay, the World Health Organisation has said. ... WHO: Cut sugar intake to fight obesity and tooth decay. ... WHO: Cut sugar intake to fight obesity and tooth decay. ... 0 responses to "WHO: Cut sugar intake to fight obesity and ... My personal opinion is to rather avoid sugar 100% and start to following Paleo diet (no gluten, no sugar, no milk products). ...
High blood sugar, obesity increase risk for surgical site infection
... 26.07.2012 ... BMI »ICU »Orthopaedic »Plantar »Prostate Surgery »Randomized »SSI »Shoulder »arthroplasty »blood sugar »fractures »health ... Normal BMI was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of less than 25, while morbid obesity was defined as more than 40. (BMI is a ... A second study featured in the July 18 issue of JBJS, found that diabetes and morbid obesity increased the risk of infection ...
New Low-Sugar Beverages May Fight Obesity, Diabetes Epidemics | EmaxHealth
"The scientific evidence is now clear; soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages are important contributors to obesity in ... According to research at HSPH and elsewhere, sugared beverages are the leading source of added sugar in the diet of young ... On a typical day, four out of five children and two out of three adults drink sugar-sweetened beverages. Teen boys drink more ... A 12-ounce can of soda or juice typically has 10-12 teaspoons of sugar and 150 or more calories; the popular 20-ounce bottle ...
Obesity and health: the big fat, sugar and salt debate
... sugar and salt? Then, this webinar is for you.Our one-hour, free online seminar - Obesity and health: the big fat, sugar and ... who will debate the origins of Britains obesity crisis and, more importantly, what role food and drink manufacturers could and ... sugar and salt? Then, this webinar is for you.Our one-hour, free online seminar - Obesity and health: the big fat, sugar and ... Obesity and health: the big fat, sugar and salt debate. 03 JUL 2014 Thursday ...
Big Sugar and the Global Pandemic of Obesity
US exports may be harmed if obesity issues are raised worldwide. ... Big sugar just like other big industries fear legislation and ... Big Sugar and the Global Pandemic of Obesity. HealthStatus Team000 ... Home Plan for Weight Loss Big Sugar and the Global Pandemic of Obesity ... Home Plan for Weight Loss Big Sugar and the Global Pandemic of Obesity ...
Silencing Fat Protein Improves Obesity and Blood Sugar
... In a study published in the Journal of Lipid Research, Saint Louis ... Baldan and his team studied two groups of mice with obesity, high blood sugar, and fatty liver disease: one that consumed a ... "Obesity and fatty liver disease are intimately connected and pose a severe public health burden, given their high and growing ... reports that turning off a protein found in liver and adipose tissue significantly improves blood sugar levels, as well as ...
Sugar tax could stem obesity crisis, but Tories keep evidence under wraps - RT UK News
Taxing sugar would discourage people from buying the high-sugar foods and beverages credited with causing the ballooning ... obesity crisis in Britain, one top nutritionist has said. ... Sugar tax could stem obesity crisis, but Tories keep evidence ... Taxing sugar would discourage people from buying the high-sugar foods and beverages credited with causing the ballooning ... Jeremy Hunt accused of burying report on the use of sugar tax in tackling obesity epidemic http://t.co/FGTTTOnQeKpic.twitter. ...
Sugar tax: preventing obesity and diabetes | The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
Reducing sugar, reducing obesity. Action on Sugars recent study showed that a 40 per cent reduction in free sugars added to ... Sugar tax: preventing obesity and diabetes. Jenny Rosborough from Action on Sugar argues that the government must take radical ... Obesity is extremely complex and there are many contributing factors. Last year, the recommendation for free sugars ... Action on Sugar, working with the food and drink industry, government and other health organisations, has developed a coherent ...
DietaryConsumptionMetabolic syndromeFructose and glucoseCaloriesHFCSHighFree sugarsType 2 diabetDrinks2016SucroseConsumption and obesityHidden sugarsDiabetes epidemicsFructose-contaiTackleCrisisCombat obesityPrevalenceEpidemicsSugaryRise in obesityGlucoseIntake of added sugarsTooth decayAmount of added sugarsCurb obesityDietaryInsulinSugar'sExcessCauses of obesityBlood sugarContributesFight obesityDiseaseAnti-obesityFoodRatesWarnsAddress obesityCaloricEnergy intakeReductionRobert LustigTriggering the obesity epidemicWeightLevelsNutritionAmericaBlame
- But, "if HFCS is a risk factor for diabetes-one of the world's most serious chronic diseases-then we need to rewrite national dietary guidelines and review agricultural trade policies," Tim Lobstein, director of policy at the International Association for the Study of Obesity, said in a prepared statement. (scientificamerican.com)
- The study adds to a growing body of scientific literature that indicates HFCS consumption may result in negative health consequences distinct from and more deleterious than natural sugar," Michael Goran, of the University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine and co-author of the new study, said in a prepared statement. (scientificamerican.com)
- Countries in which per person annual high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) consumption was less than 0.5 kg had similar BMIs, daily calorie intake and total sugar intake as did countries in which HFCS was higher. (scientificamerican.com)
Fructose and glucose1
- The availability of the cheaper-than-sugar sweeteners starting in the U.S. in the 1970s appears to have helped boost the number of overall calories people imbibe. (scientificamerican.com)
- With the extra calories, weight gain has quickened, leading to more obesity, one of the strongest risk factors for type-2 diabetes. (scientificamerican.com)
- The link between HFCS and poor health outcomes-such as obesity or diabetes -has often been speculated, but it has been difficult to prove. (scientificamerican.com)
- HFCS may also pose a greater risk for diabetes greater than pure sugar alone. (scientificamerican.com)
- Mexico, for example, long limited imports of HFCS to protect their own sugar market. (scientificamerican.com)
- Dame Sally also recommended to the World Health Organisation that the current recommended figure of ten per cent of totally energy intake from "free sugars" (refined and fruit sugars) should be cut in half to five per cent. (prweb.com)
- The past decade has seen a renewed interest in the possibility that calorific sweeteners - particularly sugar and high fructose syrups - have major roles in causing obesity and diabetes - and major public health organisations are now recommending strict limits to the consumption of these "free sugars. (eurekalert.org)
- We have solid evidence that keeping intake of free sugars to less than 10% of total energy intake reduces the risk of being overweight, obesity and tooth decay," Dr Francesco Branca, director of WHO's Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, said in a statement. (euractiv.com)
- Last year, the recommendation for free sugars' consumption halved to no more than five per cent of our daily energy intake. (csp.org.uk)
- We are currently consuming from two to three times more free sugars than recommended. (csp.org.uk)
- Action on Sugar's recent study showed that a 40 per cent reduction in free sugars added to SSBs over five years would result in an average reduction in energy intake of 38 kcal per day by the end of the fifth year. (csp.org.uk)
- The WHO recommends limiting intake of free sugars to less than 10% of total energy intake. (foodingredientsfirst.com)
- Researchers from the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) released a report that showed free sugars should account for no more than 5% of your daily intake. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- It's important to note that the report covers free sugars such as glucose and fructose, and sucrose or table sugar added to processed foods and drinks. (zmescience.com)
Type 2 diabet23
- The world faces a crisis in obesity and type 2 diabetes, almost entirely due to the consumption of cheap, processed food full of sugar and fat. (newscientist.com)
- If all of these actions were in place we could prevent the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes. (newscientist.com)
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. (nih.gov)
- Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. (nih.gov)
- Doctors have long suspected sugar is not simply a source of excess calories but a fundamental cause of obesity and type 2 diabetes, writes Taubes. (eurekalert.org)
- There are plausible mechanisms and research evidence that supports the suggestion that consumption of excess sugar promotes the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) both directly and indirectly. (nih.gov)
- Strong evidence developed at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and elsewhere shows that sugary drinks are an important contributor to the epidemic rise of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the United States. (emaxhealth.com)
- It's no secret that obesity and type 2 diabetes is crippling our health and the NHS. (csp.org.uk)
- A comprehensive review of the evidence shows that excess sugar consumption is associated with a greater risk of tooth decay and, in particular, sugars-sweetened beverages (SSB) results in greater weight gain in children and adolescents compared to low calorie drinks and is associated with type 2 diabetes. (csp.org.uk)
- This would lead to a reduction in overweight and obese adults by approximately half a million and 1 million respectively and in turn prevent from 274,000 to 309,000 obesity-related type 2 diabetes over the next two decades. (csp.org.uk)
- Not only was the tax sold on the basis that it would reduce overall obesity rates, which is nowhere proven in the study, but that it was a way to bring down the high levels of Type 2 diabetes in the country. (theglobeandmail.com)
- Taubes further writes that it has long been suspected by the doctors that sugar is a fundamental cause of obesity and type 2 diabetes. (siasat.com)
- Mothers with higher-than-normal blood sugar during pregnancy-even if not high enough to meet the definition for gestational diabetes commonly used in the US today-also were significantly more likely to have developed type 2 diabetes a decade after pregnancy than their counterparts without high blood sugar. (futurity.org)
- Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is established as a major risk factor for overweight and obesity, as well as an array of cardio-metabolic conditions, especially type 2 diabetes. (eldis.org)
- While taxes on SSBs have been proposed in high-income countries to lower obesity and type 2 diabetes risks given limited success from other population measures and individual-level interventions, recent assessments reveal a majority of SSB sales now occur outside the US and Europe, where marketing efforts appear most focused. (eldis.org)
- They then incorporate SSB sales trends, body mass index (BMI), and diabetes incidence data stratified by age, sex, income, and urban/rural residence into a validated microsimulation of caloric consumption, glycemic load, overweight/obesity prevalence, and type 2 diabetes incidence among Indian subpopulations facing a 20% SSB excise tax. (eldis.org)
- The study concludes that sustained SSB taxation at a high tax rate could mitigate rising obesity and type 2 diabetes in India among both urban and rural subpopulations. (eldis.org)
- There is also an association between sugar-sweetened beverages and type-2 diabetes. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- Therapeutic fasting 46:09 What if there was a more effective treatment alternative for obesity and type 2 diabetes, that is both simple and free? (dietdoctor.com)
- The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has called for world leaders to use sugar taxes to fight the dual epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes. (diabetes.co.uk)
- The recommendation comes ahead of a Group of 20 (G20) meeting this weekend in Turkey, with IDF chief executive Petra Wilson calling for cooperation in tackling obesity, which is a key risk factor for type 2 diabetes. (diabetes.co.uk)
- NHS-approved evidence-based behaviour change platform for people with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, obesity and those looking to optimise their general wellbeing. (diabetes.co.uk)
- We found that a cap-and-trade policy that would gradually reduce added sugar in the food supply by 1% per year over 20 years could significantly reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes," said Dr. Lewis. (obesity.org)
- Fruit juice isn't the same as intact fruit and it has got as much sugar as many classical sugar drinks," she said. (www.nhs.uk)
- Action on Sugar says that a similar programme can be developed to gradually reduce the amount of added sugar in food and soft drinks (with no substitution for alternative sweeteners or sugars) by setting targets for foods and soft drinks. (www.nhs.uk)
- Professor Graham MacGregor said: "We must start a coherent and structured plan to slowly reduce the amount of calories people consume by slowly taking out added sugar from foods and soft drinks. (www.nhs.uk)
- Recently, the 'sugar tax' on fizzy drinks came into force in the UK. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Nevertheless, Mexico is the second thirstiest consumer of such products in world, with people deriving, on average, around 70 per cent of their total added sugar intake from fizzy drinks. (telegraph.co.uk)
- However, increasing evidence suggests that taxes on soft drinks, sugar, and snacks can change diets and improve health, especially in lower socioeconomic groups, where price elasticity is high. (bmj.com)
- El-Gohary added: "Most foods contain sugar but any restriction should be based on foods which contain high levels of refined sugar such as sweets and fizzy drinks. (prweb.com)
- This is echoed by Action on Sugar, a campaign group formed by health experts earlier this year, which works to reduce the amount of sugar added to food and soft drinks and educate people about hidden sugars. (prweb.com)
- Several countries have a sugar tax, particularly on sugar-sweetened soft drinks. (newscientist.com)
- The same reformulation could be done for sugar, particularly in sugar-sweetened soft drinks, as removing the sugar doesn't reduce the drink's volume. (newscientist.com)
- A 40 per cent reduction in the amount of sugar added to drinks and food, which could be done over the next five years, would reduce calorie intake by 100 kcal per day per person in the UK. (newscientist.com)
- At the core of this chaotic conversation is the role of sugar and sugary drinks. (npr.org)
- Retailers will still be able to sell cut-price fattening drinks because of a loophole in the new sugar levy , the Government's obesity adviser has warned. (telegraph.co.uk)
- The flagship new measure could fail to encourage healthier shopping habits by making sugary drinks more expensive than low-sugar options, said Susan Jebb , professor of diet and population health at the University of Oxford. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Under Soft Drinks Industry Levy, manufacturers will pay a charge for the amount of sugar they introduce into the drinks market, but the policy does not stipulate how the cost should be passed onto consumers. (telegraph.co.uk)
- The levy will force manufacturers to pay a charge for drinks with added sugar, and total sugar content of five grams or more per 100 millilitres, or roughly 5 per cent sugar content. (telegraph.co.uk)
- While many locations throughout the world have readily taken up measures to warn consumers about, or tax, sugar and sugary drinks, reducing the cost of fruits and vegetables is not nearly as popular. (sgs.com)
- The tax, which will apply to drinks with 5g of sugar per 100ml exclusive of fruit juice and milkshakes, is expected to raise GBP 285 million. (sgs.com)
- Meanwhile, in the City of Philadelphia, starting on January 1, 2017, non-fruit drinks, flavored water, energy drinks, pre-sweetened coffee or tea, and non-alcoholic beverages containing sugar or artificial sweetener will be taxed. (sgs.com)
- Adults and children must cut the amount of sugar they consume every day in fizzy drinks and sweet foods to lower their risk of obesity and tooth decay, the World Health Organisation has said. (euractiv.com)
- The Nutrition Source, a website maintained by the Department of Nutrition at HSPH, has created new content to provide consumers with information that can help them choose healthier drinks, including a chart that lists the sugar content of a variety of popular sodas, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, and sweetened waters. (emaxhealth.com)
- Call manufacturers' customer service numbers and ask them to make sugar-reduced drinks. (emaxhealth.com)
- Skip the "fruit drinks" too, since these are basically flavored sugar water. (emaxhealth.com)
- Dr Alison Tedstone, the chief nutritionist at Public Health England, told members of a House of Commons Health Select Committee that an economic approach to battling obesity by hitting consumers could lead to a reduction in the number of sugary drinks sold. (rt.com)
- The government is reviewing the measures it will include in its anti-obesity strategy, and there has been lively debate as to whether it should include a 20 percent tax on sugary drinks, which would see the price of each 330ml can rise by approximately 7 pence. (rt.com)
- 20 per cent duty on all sugar-sweetened soft drinks and confectionary. (csp.org.uk)
- But remember that large quantities of sugar are hidden in just one serving of a sweetened beverage-including soda, sports drinks, fruit juice or chocolate milk. (northshore.org)
- Many single-servings of sports drinks have over 30 grams of sugar. (northshore.org)
- There also are electrolyte tablets and packets that can be added to water without all the sugar and dyes found in most sports drinks. (northshore.org)
- A major player in the soda industry just set a target to cut sugar and calories in its drinks as a way to tackle obesity amid growing health concerns about sugar-sweetened beverages. (wdsu.com)
- The risks of having depression and mental disorders increases more when an individual eats more than 67 grams of sugar per day which is equivalent to a bottle of soft drinks. (alarabiya.net)
- The Obesity Health Alliance (OHA), a coalition of 30 national health charities, medical colleges and campaign groups, yesterday welcomed the announcement in the Budget of a tax on the soft drinks industry. (rcplondon.ac.uk)
- We're pleased that the Government has listened to the evidence from Public Health England and public support for a tax on sugar sweetened drinks to curb the rising tide of obesity. (rcplondon.ac.uk)
- Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), including soda, sports drinks, and other types of beverages, are made up primarily of water and added sugar. (obesity.org)
- Food campaigner Jamie Oliver is inviting food outlets in Brighton and Hove, from restaurants to takeaways, to adopt a voluntary 10p sugar levy on soft drinks with added sugar. (medindia.net)
- Governments should tax sweetened drinks and food as part of their efforts to combat the dangers to health posed by sugar. (medindia.net)
- The sugar tax will launch with an 18p per litre duty on drinks with content above 5g per 100ml and 24p for those with more than 8g per 100ml. (thesun.co.uk)
- The study, published in The Lancet Public Health, found the impact of the sugar tax is likely to be greatest in children as they tend to drink more soft drinks. (thesun.co.uk)
- The study found the best results will come from drinks manufacturers reducing the sugar levels in their drinks. (thesun.co.uk)
- Slashing the sugar levels of the sweetest drinks by 30 per cent would cut the number of obese adults and children by 144,000. (thesun.co.uk)
- But many manufacturers have already begun reducing the sugar in their drinks, such as Sprite, so the real impact may be smaller. (thesun.co.uk)
- And if companies start producing new brands of drinks with lower levels of sugar that lure consumers away from healthier options, obesity levels could increase by 0.6 per cent. (thesun.co.uk)
- Opponents of the sugar tax argue it is unfair to lay the blame of the nation's obesity crisis on the soft drinks industry and claim it is effectively a tax on the poor. (thesun.co.uk)
- President and chief executive of Sugar Association Inc., Andrew Briscoe, told Reuters Health that sugar is being positioned as a scapegoat for the country's rising obesity rate and that most sweeteners used in beverages like soft drinks and fruit juice are actually from high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and not sugar. (weightlosssurgerychannel.com)
- This comes after the recent debate from U.S. health experts who are urging the government to impose a tax on sweetened drinks to help curb the obesity epidemic. (weightlosssurgerychannel.com)
- The group cited USDA figures stating that nearly 15 times more HFCS than sugar is used in soft drinks. (weightlosssurgerychannel.com)
- The term "free sugar" includes sugar added to products by manufacturers, table sugar added to food and drinks and that found naturally in fruit juices, syrups and honey. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- Taking into account the presence of free sugar in a plethora of other food products, drinking fizzy drinks would be unfeasible as part of a healthy diet. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- Refined sugar in foods and drinks causes blood sugar levels to rise quickly, causing your body to increase production of insulin which acts on your brain to make you hungry, so you eat more and on your liver to cause it to make more fat. (drmirkin.com)
- You may have heard that the obesity epidemic in America is caused by high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) found in most sugared drinks and many types of foods. (drmirkin.com)
- However, the evidence now blames any sugar in drinks and not the high fructose corn syrup in particular. (drmirkin.com)
- Researchers in the Netherlands showed that beverages sweetened by HFCS do not affect energy levels, appetite-related hormone levels or obesity any more than milk or drinks sweetened with sucrose (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, December 2007). (drmirkin.com)
- They also showed that the obesity hormones (insulin, ghrelin, glucose and glucagon-like peptide 1 or GLP-1) were affected similarly by all types of sweetened drinks. (drmirkin.com)
- Currently, many scientists believe that any sugar in drinks promotes obesity because sugar in liquid form does not fill you up to make you eat less in the same way that sugar in solid food does. (drmirkin.com)
- The plan aims for a 20% reduction in people's sugar consumption by 2020, but presents no further plans for further reformulation and no mention of reformulation of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. (bakeryinfo.co.uk)
- The chef claimed that demonizing drinks rather than the sugar itself was putting a further burden on parents. (costsectorcatering.co.uk)
- He told The Telegraph: "If Jamie's promoting the fact that sugar's bad for you, then it's a great thing, but you can't just put tax on sweet drinks, you've got to put it on everything with sugar. (costsectorcatering.co.uk)
- In a move to tackle staff obesity, a hospital in Manchester has banned all sugary drinks as well as meals with added sugars. (dietdoctor.com)
- Mexico introduced a 10 per cent sugar tax in 2014 and sales of sugary soft drinks were cut by six per cent in its first year. (diabetes.co.uk)
- A report has predicted that a 20 percent sugar tax on drinks in Britain would prevent 3.7 million people from becoming obese over the next 10 years. (medic8.com)
- Alison Cox from Cancer Research UK said that the effect of a small tax on sugary drinks would be huge and the numbers make clear the reasons why action is needed now, before the obesity problem worsens. (medic8.com)
- Processed food manufacturers deliberately add sugar to their foods and drinks to keep you hungry and keep you coming back for more. (growyouthful.com)
- To optimise their weight mums-to-be should avoid too many high sugar foods such as white bread, cakes, soft drinks, fruit juices, and take regular exercise," says Professor McAuliffe. (healthcanal.com)
- According to MyPlate.gov , added sugars are sugars and syrups mixed into foods and drinks when they are processed or prepared. (obesity.org)
- In a report published on Monday, Britain's Parliament Health Committee called for a 20 percent tax on full sugar drinks besides regulations on advertising and marketing of food and beverages. (counselheal.com)
- The Irish Heart Foundation also called for the SSD Tax to be extended to cover milk-based drinks that contain added sugar. (irishheart.ie)
- Through driving reformulation processes by manufacturers, we have seen a decrease in the amount of sugar in drinks and the Irish diet. (irishheart.ie)
- Sugar consumption, especially from sugary drinks, is the single largest and preventable contributor to the global epidemic of diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, bad cholesterol, and unhealthy weight gain. (berkeley.edu)
- Simple sugars (found in such drinks) will cause blood sugar spikes and raise blood sugar levels causing pancreas to produce more and more insulin just to balance everything back to normal. (berkeley.edu)
- Regular soft drinks contain sugar, which only adds calories to your diet. (berkeley.edu)
- The most common symptom of drinking soft drinks is obesity and diabetes causing neuropathy in the feet. (berkeley.edu)
- While many believe the primary difference in flavor between Mexican Coca-Cola and the American Coca-Cola formula is that Mexican Coke is sweetened using cane sugar as opposed to high-fructose corn syrup, a scientific analysis of Mexican Coke found no sucrose (standard sugar), but instead found fructose and glucose levels similar to other soft drinks sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup. (wikipedia.org)
- Mexican Coke exported to the United States is made with cane sugar, while some Mexican bottlers may use high-fructose corn syrup for drinks intended for sale in Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2016, World Health Organization (WHO) director general Margaret Chan described the twin epidemics of obesity and diabetes worldwide as a "slow-motion disaster" - and suggested that the likelihood of preventing the current "bad situation" from getting "much worse" was "virtually zero. (eurekalert.org)
- In 2016, the twin epidemics of obesity and diabetes were described as 'slow-motion disasters' by Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO). (siasat.com)
- In 2016, it was revealed that the last five decades of research on sugar have largely been influenced by - you guessed it - the sugar industry. (yogaesoteric.net)
- 21 Jan 2016 --- Draft EU rules that would allow baby foods to continue to contain up to three times more sugar than is recommended by the World Health Organisation were vetoed by the European Parliament yesterday, as they fail to protect infants and young children against obesity, say MEPs. (foodingredientsfirst.com)
- MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. - April 12, 2016 - Children's Minnesota announced today that effective May 2, 2016, it will no longer carry sugar-sweetened beverages at any of its locations. (childrensmn.org)
- In September 2016, researchers revealed that the Sugar Association paid scientists in the 1960s to minimize the link between sugar consumption and negative health impacts, alternatively implicating fats and cholesterol. (networkforphl.org)
- The submission calls for this revenue to be used to implement measures contained in Ireland's Obesity Policy and Action Plan 2016 - 2025 and the Healthy Ireland, Budget 2019 coupled with supporting policies to tackle obesity and food poverty among children. (irishheart.ie)
- The epidemiological data suggest that these direct effects of fructose are pertinent to the consumption of the fructose-containing sugars, sucrose and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), which are the predominant added sugars. (nih.gov)
- The intake of added sugars, such as from table sugar (sucrose) and high-fructose corn syrup has increased dramatically in the last hundred years and correlates closely with the rise in obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- We conclude that the normal added sugars in the human diet (for example, sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup and isoglucose) when consumed within the normal range of normal human consumption or substituted isoenergetically for other carbohydrates, do not appear to cause a unique risk of obesity, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. (nature.com)
- So when you eat sucrose, also known as table sugar, your digestive tract breaks it down into fructose and glucose. (yogaesoteric.net)
- Sucrose - is a medium glycemic sugar, should be avoided in large amounts. (diethealthclub.com)
- Added sugars (sucrose, a.k.a. table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup) may provide energy (4 kcal/g) but at current intakes they do not facilitate-and may even hinder-the production of energy. (nih.gov)
Consumption and obesity4
- The American Beverage Association (ABA) has slammed a series of studies that link sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and obesity, accusing them of doing "nothing meaningful" to help address the issue. (beveragedaily.com)
- The three studies provided new data showing correlation between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and obesity among children, adolescents and adults. (beveragedaily.com)
- SACN professor Ian MacDonald warned: "There is a clear link between high levels of free sugar consumption and obesity. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- I wrote this blog post about the subject of fat and sugar in relation to weight and I still contend there is a very distinct and inseparable connection between sugar consumption and obesity. (blogspot.com)
- Even in popular diet bars there can be large quantities of hidden sugars you have to be aware of. (blogspot.com)
- Even in the diet foods you buy, be careful about those hidden sugars. (blogspot.com)
- How the food industry is filling our diets with hidden sugars - and which foods you must cut out to avoid them. (viridian-nutrition.com)
- Can sugar taxes solve the obesity and diabetes epidemics? (telegraph.co.uk)
- Will soft drink sugar taxes solve the obesity and diabetes epidemics? (telegraph.co.uk)
- Could sugar be responsible for the obesity and diabetes epidemics? (eurekalert.org)
- The idea that sugar could be a fundamental cause of the global obesity and diabetes epidemics, with deleterious effects on the human body that go beyond just empty calories, should be considered seriously again, argues journalist and author Gary Taubes in The BMJ today. (eurekalert.org)
- Given the scale of the obesity and diabetes epidemics, "then a concerted programme of research to establish reliable knowledge on this subject should be among our highest priorities," he concludes. (eurekalert.org)
- Is sugar responsible for obesity and diabetes epidemics? (siasat.com)
- The idea that sugar could be a fundamental cause of the global obesity and diabetes epidemics, with deleterious effects on the human body that go beyond just empty calories, should be considered seriously again, argues journalist and author Gary Taubes in The BMJ Jan. 3 . (labmanager.com)
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain demonstrates that the brain responds differently to fructose or fructose-containing sugars compared with glucose or aspartame. (nih.gov)
- van Buul V, Tappy L, Brouns F . Misconceptions about fructose-containing sugars and their role in the obesity epidemic. (nature.com)
- Do fructose-containing sugars lead to adverse health consequences? (nature.com)
- Fructose containing sugars do not raise blood pressure or uric acid at normal levels of human consumption. (nature.com)
- To address the uncertainties, the investigators propose to conduct a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the totality of the evidence from controlled trials and prospective cohort studies to distinguish the contribution of fructose-containing sugars and important food sources of sugars (SSBs, fruit, 100% fruit juice, cakes/sweets, yogurt, cereals, etc) from that of energy in the development of overweight and obesity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Chemist Direct discovers experts believe that refined sugars should be taxed to try to tackle the problem with obesity in the UK. (prweb.com)
- In the UK, 64% of adults are considered obese which is estimated to cost the NHS billions of pounds every year, but the Chief Medical Officer for England has announced that a tax on sugar could be introduced to tackle the problem. (prweb.com)
- We hope these guidelines will inspire the food industry to cut down sugar in their products and policy makers to take bold actions to tackle obesity and being overweight, especially among children," Goyens added. (euractiv.com)
- Her remarks come after celebrity chef Jamie Oliver told the committee hearing Prime Minister David Cameron should be as " brave as he knows he should be " to tackle rising levels of obesity. (rt.com)
- Meanwhile, George Osborne is slapping a tax on sugar to tackle obesity. (rationaloptimist.com)
- Fianna Fáil Spokesperson on Health Billy Kelleher TD has called for the revenue raised from the new sugar tax due to come into effect next month to be earmarked to tackle obesity. (fiannafail.ie)
- Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes? (nature.com)
- There is no question that Mexico faces an obesity and rising diabetes crisis. (theglobeandmail.com)
- High sugar consumption is contributing to the obesity crisis, which has a high cost both to people's health and the public purse. (rcplondon.ac.uk)
- The Alliance has also called for further measures to deal with the obesity crisis, including restrictions on marketing junk food to children and reformulation of food to reduce levels of salt, fat and sugar. (rcplondon.ac.uk)
- This report comes in response to the UK's obesity crisis. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- I am calling on the Minister to review his position and commit to investing the €40m of revenue in measures that will help Ireland to address the obesity crisis. (fiannafail.ie)
- Heston Blumenthal has called the sugar tax 'confusing' and 'demonising' and claimed it won't help curb the obesity crisis. (costsectorcatering.co.uk)
- As the researchers conclude, claims that fructose is somehow uniquely responsible for our nation's obesity epidemic are not only wrong, they are counter-productive to finding effective solutions to this complex health crisis. (corn.org)
- While some critics feel compelled to jump on the bandwagon and pin America's obesity crisis on sugar, the New York Times published a great piece that outlines why this is simply not the case. (berkeley.edu)
- Could a sugar tax help combat obesity? (bmj.com)
- Sarlio-Lähteenkorva Sirpa , Winkler J T . Could a sugar tax help combat obesity? (bmj.com)
- In conjunction with these new recommendations government is trying to find alternative methods to combat obesity. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- The Center seeks to develop innovative and effective measures to combat obesity and improve global health by addressing various sectors such as economics, food and agriculture policy, food marketing to youth, law, public policy, school and community nutrition, and biases and stigma that occur because of body weight. (wikipedia.org)
- Consumption of added sugar is associated with development and/or prevalence of fatty liver, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperuricemia, CVD and T2DM, often independent of body weight gain or total energy intake. (nih.gov)
- Obesity and fatty liver disease are intimately connected and pose a severe public health burden, given their high and growing prevalence in both adults and children," Baldan says. (todaysdietitian.com)
- A recent epidemiological analysis in humans also found an association of diabetes prevalence with sugar availability that was independent of total energy intake ( 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- We believe these measures, implemented in conjunction, will reduce rates of overweight and obesity and address the social inequality and cultural differences in overweight and obesity prevalence. (rcplondon.ac.uk)
- To estimate the effect of increased sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption on future adult obesity prevalence in South Africa in the absence of preventive measures. (cambridge.org)
- A model was constructed to simulate the effect of a 2·4 % annual increase in SSB consumption on obesity prevalence. (cambridge.org)
- Over the past decade the prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases has increased in South Africa, as have the sales and availability of SSB. (cambridge.org)
- The CDC recently released its latest data on the prevalence of obesity in the US, spanning the years 2013-2014 ( 1 ). (blogspot.com)
- Contrary to what many of us had hoped for after a slight decline in obesity in the last survey, the prevalence has once again increased. (blogspot.com)
- I decided to examine the relationship between obesity prevalence and our intake of carbohydrate and sugar over the years. (blogspot.com)
- Tangkhul Nagas has been experiencing socioeconomic and lifestyle change which led to increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity and high blood sugar, contributing to the escalating global epidemic of obesity and diabetes. (omicsonline.org)
- While it is sensible for any of us concerned with good health to limit consumption of sugary items, it's clear to me that an alarmist "sugar is toxic" mantra isn't in the service of good science communication - or public health. (npr.org)
- It means that retailers could seek to recuperate the cost of the tax by making sugary products more expensive, as obesity campaigners are desperately hoping. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Current scientific studies have linked our love to sugary food and drink with the Obesity Epidemic, Gut problems, Cancer, Hypertension, Fructose Intolerance/Malabsorption and Liver Disease. (livingsafe.com.au)
- The New England Journal of Medicine special comes less than a month after the city of New York banned the sale of super-sized sugary sodas in an effort to curb obesity levels. (beveragedaily.com)
- It's increasingly hard to eat less sugar, as market shelves are filled with sugary products. (zmescience.com)
Rise in obesity4
- Many news outlets focused on a reported link between high sugar consumption and the rise in obesity and diabetes . (www.nhs.uk)
- The increase in the consumption of soybean oil since the 1960s has mirrored the rise in obesity in the United States for several decades. (naturallysavvy.com)
- consumption of fructose is not a unique factor in the rise in obesity rates in the U.S. (corn.org)
- With that in mind, let's demonstrate how a population of individuals could experience a sugar-fueled rise in obesity even as sugar consumption declines across the same population. (fathead-movie.com)
- High blood glucose, or blood sugar, is a sign of diabetes . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Two recent studies in the July issues of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) looked at surgical site infections and hyperglycemia, the technical term for high blood glucose, or high blood sugar. (innovations-report.com)
- Although there are slight differences in the criteria of diagnosis depending on the authority quoted, generally the main features of metabolic syndrome include high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels, abdominal obesity, and elevated fasting blood glucose. (emaxhealth.com)
- Glucose is the good sugar and is vital for our bodies to produce energy. (livingsafe.com.au)
- Fructose is not just naturally in fruit and vegetables, it is found in Cane Sugar, which is made up of 50% Glucose and 50% Fructose and it can be found in virtually every type of processed food. (livingsafe.com.au)
- For the last few decades we have also been ingesting enormous amounts of what is known as High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) - which is very cheap and easy to produce sugar made from corn, it is a lot sweeter than cane sugar and also contains a different ratio of fructose to glucose than is naturally found in cane, or beet sugar. (livingsafe.com.au)
- The literature is further complicated by animal studies, as well as studies which compare pure fructose to pure glucose (neither of which is consumed to any appreciable degree in the human diet) and studies where large doses of added sugars beyond normal levels of human consumption have been administered. (nature.com)
- These Accu-Chek blood glucose testing meters, lancets and strips are your key to comfortable blood glucose self-testing, helping you track and control your blood sugar level in your bid to get diabetes under control. (amazonaws.com)
- In 2013, a Mexican Coca-Cola bottler announced it would stop using cane sugar in favor of glucose-fructose syrup. (wikipedia.org)
Intake of added sugars1
Amount of added sugars2
- In addition, Americans should try to limit the amount of added sugars in all the foods they eat. (medicalxpress.com)
- As the United States Food and Drug Administration considers a new food label detailing the amount of added sugars in foods, new research shows this non-nutritive calorie source has crept into the American diet over the past three decades. (obesity.org)
- To determine the association among dietary salt, fluid, and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and weight status in a nationally representative sample of Australian children aged 2 to 16 years. (aappublications.org)
- Baldan and his team studied two groups of mice with obesity, high blood sugar, and fatty liver disease: one that consumed a high-fat diet (the dietary model) and another that was genetically modified to have this trait (the genetic model). (todaysdietitian.com)
- While not dismissing the dangers of an excess of dietary sugar, this study attempts to further define the relationships between macronutrients, including sugar, with degrees of adiposity in the general population. (foodnavigator.com)
- The team noted that their research indicated that dietary sugar plays a plausible role in the development of Alzheimer's. (yogaesoteric.net)
- But let's not sugarcoat the evidence: increasing or decreasing dietary sugar intake corresponds to similar changes in adults' body weight. (networkforphl.org)
- Too much sugar can cause insulin levels to rise which can lead to increased blood pressure and an increased risk of diabetes and pancreas problems. (prweb.com)
- When you consume foods high in sugar, refined white flour and other processed foods, which are fast releasing foods, they increase the blood sugar level quickly and your body has to secrete more insulin. (hubpages.com)
- And, as you know, insulin is known as the storing hormone …it removes the blood sugar from your system and stores it in the fat cells. (hubpages.com)
- There are diet intervention studies in which human subjects exhibited increased circulating lipids and decreased insulin sensitivity when consuming high sugar compared with control diets. (nih.gov)
- Insulin encourages the body to burn sugar rather than fat for energy. (rationaloptimist.com)
- But insulin also orders fat cells to accumulate fat (made from sugar in the liver) for later use. (rationaloptimist.com)
- Countless studies have pointed to sugar intake as a means of developing insulin resistance. (yogaesoteric.net)
- In spite of the understood biological processes involved that clearly demonstrate at least one pathway for sugar to cause insulin resistance and other health issues - the industry, and even the American Diabetes Association (ADA) - are clutching their pearls of denial closer than ever. (yogaesoteric.net)
- Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar. (amazonaws.com)
- Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress. (amazonaws.com)
- Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar. (amazonaws.com)
- Sugar also increases this hormone insulin that we just talked about and insulin can be very inflammatory. (ihealthtube.com)
- High levels of insulin and sugar can create, down the road, metabolic byproducts called advanced glycation end products. (ihealthtube.com)
- The connection between sugar via insulin, via obesity, via inflammation is very, very clear and, as far as I'm concerned, that case has been tried and found guilty. (ihealthtube.com)
- The bottom line at this point is that we need to look at our consumption of soybean oil and fructose and their impact on obesity, diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and insulin resistance. (naturallysavvy.com)
- For example, if you calorically restrict an animal but give it a high-fructose diet or a high-sugar diet, it will still produce fatty liver and will still become insulin resistant. (blessedquietness.com)
- Moreover, overconsuming added sugars may result in a kind of 'internal starvation' (via leptin and insulin resistance) leading to further hunger signals in the body. (nih.gov)
- The headlines comparing sugar to tobacco were prompted by a quote from Simon Capewell, professor of clinical epidemiology at the University of Liverpool, in Action on Sugar's press release. (www.nhs.uk)
- The association between sugar intake and obesity has been well-documented with sugar's contribution much condemned by health campaigners. (foodnavigator.com)
- Peretti's version is probably not the whole story behind obesity-he includes no discussion of other factors influencing weight gain (e.g., the increase in serving sizes) or strong counterpoints in defense of sugar-but his story is interesting and certainly suggests that sugar's role in the current epidemic is worth exploring. (discovermagazine.com)
- Excess sugar and carbohydrates , not physical inactivity, are to blame for the obesity epidemic, says the editorial. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This excess sugar is at the heart of the metabolic dysfunction that's driving obesity, diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, and many of the other chronic conditions so rampant today. (mercola.com)
- Consumption of excess sugar may also promote the development of CVD and T2DM indirectly by causing increased body weight and fat gain, but this is also a topic of controversy. (nih.gov)
- Ever-increasing research shows that consuming excess sugar contributes to diabetes, obesity, heart disease, certain cancers and even Alzheimer's disease. (northshore.org)
- It is our excess sugar consumption that according to medical experts, is the major cause of a whole host of health problems including, Obesity and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease . (livingsafe.com.au)
- The findings, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology , suggest that initiatives such as the sugar tax, coupled with research that highlights the dangers of excess sugar on health, have overshadowed the contribution fat makes to overall calorie intake. (foodnavigator.com)
- Obesity is a condition where there is excess accumulation of body fat which poses a risk to the health of the individual. (medindia.net)
- Studies have "demonstrated that hyperglycemia (excess sugar in bloodstream) significantly increases the risk for the long-term microvascular complications of diabetes (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy disease). (amazonaws.com)
Causes of obesity2
- The researchers found that the mice that had consumed mango had a lower percentage of body fat, lower blood cholesterol levels, and lower blood sugar levels than they had before. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Mango contains a lot of natural sugar, but a little mango may help to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- For this reason, monitoring and controlling blood sugar levels is essential. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- in order to control the blood sugar. (hubpages.com)
- if you crave sugar or sweet foods, carbohydrates and snack foods, more than likely your blood sugar levels are out of whack ….if you feel tired and run down …light headed, then again, your blood sugar levels are out of balance and most of the time you reach for the quick fix …more snack foods which equals more sugar! (hubpages.com)
- Almost instantly, the Aloe will balance your blood sugar and put a stop to the craving for sugar. (hubpages.com)
- In a study published in the Journal of Lipid Research , Saint Louis University scientist Angel Baldan, PhD, reports that turning off a protein found in liver and adipose tissue significantly improves blood sugar levels, as well as reduces body fat in an animal model. (todaysdietitian.com)
- Scientists report that eating just 1 ounce of nuts per day can help reduce obesity, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, all of which are risk factors for heart disease. (emaxhealth.com)
- According to this latest study, just one ounce of mixed nuts (e.g., raw unpeeled almonds, hazelnuts, and walnuts) per day may help reduce obesity, blood pressure, and blood sugar, features associated with metabolic syndrome and heart disease. (emaxhealth.com)
- A 2017 study by researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Cambridge found that being overweight or obese increased a person's risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by up to 28% compared to those with a healthy bodyweight, even if they had healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels. (hindustantimes.com)
- which is better for blood sugar? (plos.org)
- Morning workout vs breaks from sitting - which is better for blood sugar? (plos.org)
- The higher the woman's blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese. (futurity.org)
- The children of moms with gestational diabetes and higher blood sugar were higher in all these categories," Metzger says. (futurity.org)
- Like sugar, it does not cause yeast over growth or blood sugar imbalances. (diethealthclub.com)
- Does Pregnant Mom's Blood Sugar Affect Kids' Obesity Risk? (healthcanal.com)
- CHICAGO - Can an overweight or obese teen's weight problems be linked to his mother's blood sugar during pregnancy? (healthcanal.com)
- The mothers were part of an earlier study, which measured their blood sugar levels and pregnancy weight. (healthcanal.com)
- The study aims to identify the long-term effects of a pregnant woman's blood sugar levels on her child compared to the effects of her body weight. (healthcanal.com)
- This will tell us if the blood sugar during her pregnancy is having an independent effect and how big it is," said Boyd Metzger, M.D., lead investigator of the study and emeritus professor of endocrinology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. (healthcanal.com)
- Those guidelines established a lower blood sugar level for diagnosing gestational diabetes. (healthcanal.com)
- My class studied feedback loops in homeostasis, and used blood sugar regulation as an example. (amazonaws.com)
- When you eat, your blood sugar rises. (drmirkin.com)
- This resulted in lower body fat and blood sugar levels. (hivehealthmedia.com)
- Mums-to-be should optimise their weight before and during pregnancy because their weight affects blood sugar levels which in turn can cause overgrowth of the baby in the womb," says Fionnuala McAuliffe , Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at UCD School of Medicine & Medical Science and the National Maternity Hospital , Holles Street, Dublin, who led the study. (healthcanal.com)
- The findings published online in the European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology show that even small variations in blood sugar levels during pregnancy can influence the growth of the baby in the womb. (healthcanal.com)
- According to the findings, women with blood sugar concentrations at the upper end of the normal scale at 28 weeks of pregnancy were 3.5 times more likely to give birth to babies weighing over 9 pounds and 15 ounces (4500g) than those women with the lowest levels of blood sugar. (healthcanal.com)
- The study examined the association between maternal blood sugar levels throughout pregnancy and the growth of the baby in the womb, and the characteristics of the baby after birth. (healthcanal.com)
- The findings show that mother's blood sugar levels influenced birth weight, but not the length or head size of the baby," concludes Dr Jennifer Walsh who co-authored the study. (healthcanal.com)
- Blood sugar level had positive correlation with age, BMI, WSR with highest correlation with WHR among obesity indices. (omicsonline.org)
- Close associations between socioeconomic status, overweight/obesity, age and blood sugar level was observed. (omicsonline.org)
- This is about a considered, expert opinion based on being a nutritionist for 35 years and having a sincere belief that sugar in moderation contributes to a safe and healthy diet. (smh.com.au)
- That article, first-authored by Dr. Ram Weiss, a pediatrician at the Hadassah Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel, concludes that while obesity contributes to the syndrome, it is "unlikely" to be an "initiating factor. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- And the present authors cite that "up to 40% of those with a normal body mass index will harbor metabolic abnormalities typically associated with obesity, which include hypertension , dyslipidemia, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The primary cause of metabolic disease is sugar, and we must stop consuming so much of it - 25 per cent of our average daily calorie intake, or twenty-two teaspoons. (npr.org)
- In February, a study published in JAMA by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) declared that obesity rates among two- to five-year olds declined by 43 percent in the past decade, dropping from 14 percent in 2003 to eight percent in 2012. (mercola.com)
- Eighty percent of the foods lining grocery store shelves today contain extra sugar -and it adds up to disease. (mercola.com)
- Sugar consumption, metabolic disease and obesity: The state of the controversy. (nih.gov)
- The discovery that fructose-mediated generation of uric acid may have a causal role in diabetes and obesity provides new insights into pathogenesis and therapies for this important disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The research, conducted by the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE) in Nuthetal, Germany, was conducted on over 90,000 women.The findings, published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, indicate that obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, regardless of whether women develop any of the common metabolic diseases or not. (hindustantimes.com)
- The study found that women with "metabolically healthy obesity" were also found to be at 39% higher risk of cardiovascular disease. (hindustantimes.com)
- Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, regardless of whether women develop any of the common metabolic diseases or not. (hindustantimes.com)
- Because this process affects the development of several diseases that are related to obesity -such as diabetes, emphysema, and cardiovascular disease-a team of glycobiologists led by Naoyuki Taniguchi at the RIKEN-Max Planck Joint Research Center in Japan hypothesized that obesity itself might be linked directly to irregularities in normal glycosylation. (phys.org)
- Some investigators have argued that added sugars increase the risk of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (nature.com)
- What we now know about obesity is the relationship between heart disease and obesity is very simple. (ihealthtube.com)
- Dr. Jonny Bowden discusses how sugar works on the body and exactly how it leads to heart disease and weight gain and obesity. (ihealthtube.com)
- In fact, Briscoe said, average per capita sugar consumption has fallen more than 40 percent in the past 40 years, according to data from the U.S. Agriculture Department and Centers for Disease Control. (weightlosssurgerychannel.com)
- Given that "Poor diet is now by far the biggest underlying cause of disease and death globally - bigger than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined" (…), "the allowed maximum sugar level should be substantially lowered in line with WHO recommendations" say MEPs. (foodingredientsfirst.com)
- Yudkin was, Lustig says simply, "thrown under the bus", because there was a huge financial gain to be made by fingering fat, not sugar, as the culprit of heart disease. (discovermagazine.com)
- Consuming too much sugar has been shown to increase the risk for obesity, diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. (childrensmn.org)
- Fascinating and topical, Fat Chance, The Hidden Truth About Sugar, Obesity and Disease by Dr Robert Lustig examines how our consumption is responsible for our chronically expanding waistlines, soaring levels of diabetes and a catalogue of diseases. (viridian-nutrition.com)
- Fat Chance, The Hidden Truth About Sugar, Obesity and Disease by Dr Robert Lustig (320pg paperback) is published by Fourth Estate, 2014, £8.99. (viridian-nutrition.com)
- Clearly, the federal anti-obesity campaign is NOT working, even though the US government would love you to think their efforts are paying off. (mercola.com)
- I am disappointed that Minister Donohue has refused in PQ replies to me to earmark revenue from the new sugar tax to invest in anti-obesity measures. (fiannafail.ie)
- Although mainstream nutrition specialists have distanced themselves from the finding, the food industry, and Coca-Cola, have seized on the study to oppose tougher advice against sugar in the nation's diet bible. (smh.com.au)
- However, the Food and Drink Federation responded that sugar was not the cause of obesity , when eaten as part of a balanced diet and claimed that a tax on it would affect the poor families very hard. (prweb.com)
- A tax on sugar (i.e. in processed food) should in theory make it less appetising in comparison to healthier alternatives such as fruits and vegetables. (prweb.com)
- Despite extensive scientific evidence about the real cause of obesity (i.e., the food system), public policy has not changed, and many people are fed up with the status quo. (mercola.com)
- Instead of eating whole foods- real foods -the contemporary American diet typically consists mostly of sugar, highly processed grains, and a montage of chemicals that are anything but food. (mercola.com)
- Accordingly, the University of Adelaide's Professor Maciej Henneberg has called for food packaging to reflect the dangers of eating too much meat, in the same way sugar content is highlighted. (news24.com)
- And now we ask …could the obesity problem in America be caused, in part, from all the snack food and sugar consumed? (hubpages.com)
- There is also little data to determine whether the form in which added sugar is consumed, as beverage or as solid food, affects its potential to promote weight gain. (nih.gov)
- Fructose may increase the risk for obesity by altering satiety, resulting in increased food intake. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Q: I read food labels, but what's a safe amount of added sugar for kids? (northshore.org)
- In the science behind food advice it is mad simply to put both sugar and fat in the "bad" category. (rationaloptimist.com)
- The easy availability of plentiful food, especially sugars, is part of the story, as is less exercise. (rationaloptimist.com)
- The White House kept silent last year as Congress killed a plan by four federal agencies to reduce sugar, salt and fat in food marketed to children. (thefiscaltimes.com)
- They've never lost a significant political battle in the U.S. despite mounting scientific evidence of the role of unhealthy food and children's marketing in obesity. (thefiscaltimes.com)
- Food and beverage manufacturers and advertisers say they aren't to blame for obesity. (thefiscaltimes.com)
- Aside from implementing the tax, the society has stated that they will also request that fast food and processed food companies include sugar content warnings. (asiaone.com)
- He claims that the additives and fat in pet food is contributing towards dogs' obesity and behavioural problems, including hyperactivity. (dailymail.co.uk)
- In this timely and important book, Dr. Robert Lustig presents the scientific evidence for the toxicity of sugar and the disastrous effects of modern industrial food on the hormones that control hunger, satiety, and weight. (amazon.com)
- In response, the sugar industry created advertisements that maintained no singular food is fattening, and so the motto was born: a calorie is a calorie. (yogaesoteric.net)
- Natural or an artificial sweetener is a wise choice for them as they can enjoy the sweet taste of the food without leaving any sugar in the blood to metabolize. (diethealthclub.com)
- As the obesity rates continue to climb in developed countries, and research about hunger and how our bodies process food advances, researchers are finding more clues that the epidemic's cause is more complex than simple overeating. (discovermagazine.com)
- But Yudkin's work was rubbished by what many believe, including Professor Robert Lustig , one of the world's leading endocrinologists, was a concerted campaign to discredit Yudkin…Yudkin's colleague at the time, Dr Richard Bruckdorfer at UCL says: "There was a huge lobby from [the food] industry, particularly from the sugar industry, and Yudkin complained bitterly that they were subverting some of his ideas. (discovermagazine.com)
- When you take the fat out of a recipe, food tastes like cardboard, and you need to replace it with something - that something being sugar. (discovermagazine.com)
- And that sugar not only made people fatter, it also messed with their brains and drove them to overeat (an outcome not undesirable for the food industry). (discovermagazine.com)
- Food labels list the amount of sugar in a serving, but they do not tell a person whether the sugar is added to the food or drink or is there naturally. (drmirkin.com)
- Blumenthal has now launched a new Food Preparation and Nutrition GCSE and hopes that understanding nutrition better can help to reduce the UK's levels of obesity. (costsectorcatering.co.uk)
- and calls upon the Government to redouble its efforts to engage with industry to address levels of sugar and fat in food and drink to reduce calorific intake in the UK. (edms.org.uk)
- Supposedly, according to the article, "low-sugar food has become the new low-carb food. (blogspot.com)
- Just as they did when low-carb first became popular, food manufacturers are now rushing to pump out "low-sugar" foods to help people identify products that are supposed to be "healthier" for them. (blogspot.com)
- I always tell people to read food and nutrition labels carefully and immediately put down any product that has more than a gram or two of sugars per serving in it. (blogspot.com)
- Sugar is difficult to avoid, but it can be done for the most part as long as you are a conscious consumer when you buy your food. (blogspot.com)
- However, a more nuanced appreciation for the complex biochemistry and physiology of cellular energy generation suggests that obesity is a state of hormonal imbalance causing increased shunting of food energy into adipose tissue for storage, resulting in decreased satiety and ultimately leading to increased caloric intake. (nih.gov)
- The processed food industry thrives on sugar. (growyouthful.com)
- 14, 15, 19) If you are a food manufacturer, the way to beat your competition is to add more sugar to your products than they do. (growyouthful.com)
- Antibiotics, excessive cleanliness, processed food, refined sugar and white processed flours are some of the main culprits in devastating the gut's biome. (growyouthful.com)
- In addition to efforts by the FDA to include added sugars on nutrition labels, other innovative solutions include limiting the amount of added sugar allowed in the food supply, using a cap-and-trade policy, similar to those used for environmental pollutants. (obesity.org)
- TOS recognizes that added sugars are a concern and encourages proven efforts to create a healthier food environment. (obesity.org)
- The story of sugar, and of mankind's desire for sweetness in food and drink is a compelling, though confusing story. (hachette.com.au)
- This book seeks to do just that: to tell the story of how the consumption of sugar - the addition of sugar to food and drink - became a fundamental and increasingly troublesome feature of modern life. (hachette.com.au)
- The Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity is a non-profit research and public policy organization devoted to improving the world's diet, preventing obesity, and reducing weight stigma. (wikipedia.org)
- The Telegraph travels to Mexico, where cola consumption per capita - and obesity rates - are among the highest in the world. (telegraph.co.uk)
- It seeks to show that while obesity rates continue to swell, refined sugar consumption has fallen in recent years. (smh.com.au)
- For the first time in 30 years, obesity rates in the United States have remained flat. (npr.org)
- Obesity rates for other age groups were said to have "stabilized. (mercola.com)
- Obesity rates in the US have increased at the same rate as gym memberships. (mercola.com)
- However, during the same period, their obesity rates ALSO doubled. (mercola.com)
- A team of scientists from the University of Adelaide came to their conclusion after comparing obesity and meat consumption rates in 170 countries. (news24.com)
- It's tempting to think that in the fight against rising obesity rates in the US simply taxing soda (or pop, depending on your upbringing) will help slow our collectively expanding waistline. (treehugger.com)
- However, government officials are well positioned to adopt laws, policies and other strategies to inform consumers, curb sugar consumption, and help slow the rising rates of obesity. (networkforphl.org)
- Since 1980, overweight and obesity rates have almost doubled in China and Mexico, and risen by one-third in South Africa, which now has a higher rate than the United Kingdom. (boiseweekly.com)
- Obesity is the second leading preventable cause of death, with rates continuing to rise. (chla.org)
- In 2012, Americans consumed 25 percent less of it than they did in 1999 while obesity rates continued to climb during this time period. (corn.org)
- Sugar can't be the main driver of obesity, because rates of obesity have continued to rise while sugar consumption has been going down. (fathead-movie.com)
- Meanwhile, rates of obesity have continued to climb. (fathead-movie.com)
- To see trends in obesity rates for the US, visit http://www.fasinfat.org/ . (berkeley.edu)
- The center focuses on the economic conditions underlying why certain demographics, primarily those that are less wealthy living in poorer areas, are subject to such higher rates of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
- Setting an upper limit to the amount of sugar that should be consumed in a healthy diet is a good start, "but we don't know if the level recommended is safe for everyone," he warns. (eurekalert.org)
- He warns that while restricting the amount of sugar consumption in a healthy diet is a good start "but we don't know if the level recommended is safe for everyone. (siasat.com)
- One of their key aims is to ensure sugar does not contribute more than 5% of individual's daily total energy intake. (prweb.com)
- Europeans' current sugar consumption varies from between 7 to 17% of their energy intake. (euractiv.com)
- People should reduce the amount to less than 10% of their daily energy intake - about 50 grams or 12 teaspoons of sugar for adults which is about half the current rate in North and South America, experts at the UN body told Reuters on 4 March. (euractiv.com)
- They believed that reduction of sugar consumption would only be effective at reducing obesity if associated with a reduction in overall energy intake. (foodnavigator.com)
- But under the European Commission's proposal, sugars could continue to provide up to 30% of the energy intake from baby foods (7.5g sugar/100kcal is equivalent to 30kcal from sugar in 100kcal energy). (foodingredientsfirst.com)
- In terms of daily energy intake, the new guidelines means that people should keep sugar at a maximum of 10% of equivalent energy. (zmescience.com)
- This is because when you eat fructose, you actually generate more fat in your liver for the same amount of energy intake, compared to other types of sugar. (blessedquietness.com)
- This, they say, would result in a reduction in calorie intake of approximately 100kcal (420kilojoules) a day for everyone and more in those people who are particularly prone to obesity. (www.nhs.uk)
- She said the review had examined evidence from other countries' sugar reduction policies, as well as experimental data about the impact of price changes in the UK. (rt.com)
- If sugar reduction is identified as part of the plan then so be it. (stgeorges.nhs.uk)
- Professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Heart Association, American Medical Association and the Institute of Medicine have all called for a reduction in added sugars. (childrensmn.org)
- AoS has asked for a 50% reduction in sugar consumption and a 20% reduction in fat consumption. (bakeryinfo.co.uk)
- Forceful voices, like that of pediatric endocrinologist Robert Lustig, insist that eating sugar is highly toxic. (npr.org)
- No scientist has done more in the last fifty years to alert Americans to the potential dangers of sugar in the diet than Dr. Robert Lustig. (amazon.com)
- Honey, I just read this great article by Dr. Robert Lustig on how sugar is a metabolic poison. (fathead-movie.com)
Triggering the obesity epidemic1
- b Weight classification based on the International Obesity Task Force BMI reference cutoffs. (aappublications.org)
- However, un-confounded studies conducted in healthy humans under a controlled, energy-balanced diet protocol that enables determination of the effects of sugar with diets that do not allow for body weight gain are lacking. (nih.gov)
- Britain's obesity tsar, Susan Jebb, says that it is not fair to blame fat people for their failure to lose weight. (rationaloptimist.com)
- Dr. Atkins continually focused on the negative aspects of sugar as a primary reason for weight problems in America in all of his books. (blogspot.com)
- I devote an entire chapter in my upcoming book to the subject of sugar because it is that important for people to understand its impact on your weight. (blogspot.com)
- Interestingly, Bertrand says that regardless of which weight loss method you choose, sugar is "pretty much the one thing all of them want you to limit. (blogspot.com)
- Weight gain / fat / overweight / obesity. (growyouthful.com)
- Sugar causes overweight / weight gain / obesity. (growyouthful.com)
- weight gain and obesity," said study author Elyse Powell, Royster Fellow at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill who identified a peak in added sugar consumption from 2003-04 and then a slight decline leading up to 2009-10. (obesity.org)
- Sugar consumption had already increased by then and so did weight gain in the population funnily enough. (berkeley.edu)
- The drugs were either fenofibrate, which lowers lipid levels, or rosiglitazone, which reduces sugar in the blood. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Even the exercise done by athletes cannot counter a bad diet, say the authors, who cite evidence that while obesity has rocketed in the past 30 years, "there has been little change in physical activity levels in the western population. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- After taking into account different influences between countries, such as the degree of urbanisation, physical activity and calorie consumption, it was discovered that meat contributed around 13 per cent to obesity levels, the same as sugar. (news24.com)
- It will be very challenging to obtain the funding to conduct the clinical diet studies needed to address these evidence gaps, especially at the levels of added sugar that are commonly consumed. (nih.gov)
- In the worst case scenario, the tax could even make obesity levels worse, the Oxford University researchers warn. (thesun.co.uk)
- For infants and young children in particular, added sugar levels should be kept to a minimum" said MEP Keith Taylor (Greens/EFA, UK), who drafted the objection. (foodingredientsfirst.com)
- In various countries a sugar tax has been introduced in order to curb rising obesity levels but the government has made clear that no such tax is planned for the UK. (theupcoming.co.uk)
- The study was conducted on laboratory rats to see how the protein could lead to appetite suppression and keep sugar levels in check. (hivehealthmedia.com)
- Dr Joao Breda, Head of WHO/Europe's Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity programme, said: "This development is a testament to the strong and sustained relationship between WHO/Europe and the colleagues in Estonia. (who.int)
- We haven't reversed the epidemic," Dr. William H. Dietz, director of the division of nutrition, physical activity and obesity at the CDC, said in an interview. (thefiscaltimes.com)
- Quoting a dietitian and nutrition author in the story, Bertrand writes "in moderation, you can have sugar" so you can keep your cravings at bay and keep your diet from backfiring. (blogspot.com)
- These fast releasing snacks from our now famous "sugar shacks" …have a lot to do with the problem of obesity in America. (hubpages.com)
- Around 1980 much of Britain, following America, started to cut saturated fat out of the diet - and a few years later, obesity, far from declining, suddenly began increasing. (rationaloptimist.com)