Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Protein-Energy Malnutrition: The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.Serum Albumin: A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Nutritional Support: The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Micronutrients: Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.BrazilGrowth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Wasting Syndrome: A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.Enteral Nutrition: Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.Avitaminosis: A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Vitamin A Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.IndiaStatus Epilepticus: A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.El SalvadorBreast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory: Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.BangladeshPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Prealbumin: A tetrameric protein, molecular weight between 50,000 and 70,000, consisting of 4 equal chains, and migrating on electrophoresis in 3 fractions more mobile than serum albumin. Its concentration ranges from 7 to 33 per cent in the serum, but levels decrease in liver disease.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.GuatemalaChild Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cystic Fibrosis: An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.Parenteral Nutrition: The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Parenteral Nutrition, Total: The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Pyridoxine: The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Cachexia: General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.Hypoalbuminemia: A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Anemia, Iron-Deficiency: Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Homes for the Aged: Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Peritoneal Dialysis: Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Ferritins: Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Selenium: An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.Nutrition Therapy: Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Vitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Riboflavin Deficiency: A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)Appetite: Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Congo: A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.Thiamine Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Rwanda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Overnutrition: An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Helminthiasis: Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.Chad: A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Blood Chemical Analysis: An examination of chemicals in the blood.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Vitamin B Deficiency: A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.Gravity, Altered: A change in, or manipulation of, gravitational force. This may be a natural or artificial effect.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.MexicoPhilippinesPoverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.United StatesRecommended Dietary Allowances: The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Ascariasis: Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.Space Simulation: An environment simulating one or more parameters of the space environment, applied in testing space systems or components. Often, a closed chamber is used, capable of approximating the vacuum and normal environments of space. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988) This also includes simulated EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY studies in atmosphere exposure chambers or water tanks.CreatinineLactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Child, Hospitalized: Child hospitalized for short term care.Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Bhutan: A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)Hymenolepis nana: The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.Anorexia: The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Blood Urea Nitrogen: The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Pancreatic Extracts: Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Iron, Dietary: Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Riboflavin: Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.Ascorbic Acid Deficiency: A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Feeding Methods: Methods of giving food to humans or animals.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Cecostomy: Surgical construction of an opening into the CECUM with a tube through the ABDOMINAL WALL (tube cecostomy) or by skin level approach, in which the cecum is sewn to the surrounding PERITONEUM. Its primary purpose is decompression of colonic obstruction.Arsenic Poisoning: Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Pellagra: A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
Maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation in lactating bangladeshi women benefits mothers and infants but does not prevent subclinical deficiency. (1/4438)The effects of maternal postpartum vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on maternal and infant serum retinol concentrations, modified relative dose-response (MRDR) ratios and breast milk vitamin A concentrations were assessed during a community-based trial in Matlab, Bangladesh. At 1-3 wk postpartum, women were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a single dose of 200,000 international units [60,000 retinol equivalents (RE)] vitamin A followed by daily placebos (n = 74), (2) daily doses of beta-carotene [7.8 mg (1300 RE)] (n = 73) or (3) daily placebos (n = 73) until 9 mo postpartum. Compared to placebos, vitamin A supplementation resulted in lower maternal MRDR ratios (i.e., increased liver stores) and higher milk vitamin A concentrations at 3 mo, but these improvements were not sustained. The beta-carotene supplementation acted more slowly, resulting in milk vitamin A concentrations higher than the placebo group only at 9 mo. Irrespective of treatment group, over 50% of women produced milk with low vitamin A concentrations (/=0. 06. We conclude that while both interventions were beneficial, neither was sufficient to correct the underlying subclinical vitamin A deficiency in these women nor to bring their infants into adequate vitamin A status. (+info)
A prospective randomized study of megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in gastrointestinal cancer patients with weight loss. (2/4438)The use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in gastrointestinal cancer patients has been disappointing. The aim of the present study was to compare the combination of megestrol acetate and placebo with megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in the treatment of weight loss in such patients. At baseline, 4-6 weeks and 12 weeks, patients underwent measurements of anthropometry, concentrations of albumin and C-reactive protein and assessment of appetite, performance status and quality of life using EuroQol-EQ-5D and EORTC QLQ-C30. Thirty-eight and 35 patients (median weight loss 18%) were randomized to megestrol acetate/placebo or megestrol acetate/ibuprofen, respectively, for 12 weeks. Forty-six (63%) of patients failed to complete the 12-week assessment. Of those evaluable at 12 weeks, there was a decrease in weight (median 2.8 kg) in the megestrol acetate/placebo group compared with an increase (median 2.3 kg) in the megestrol acetate/ibuprofen group (P<0.001). There was also an improvement in the EuroQol-EQ-5D quality of life scores of the latter group (P<0.05). The combination of megestrol acetate/ibuprofen appeared to reverse weight loss and appeared to improve quality of life in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Further trials of this novel regimen in weight-losing patients with hormone-insensitive cancers are warranted. (+info)
Leptin and reproduction. (3/4438)In the few years since leptin was identified as a satiety factor in rodents, it has been implicated in the regulation of various physiological processes. Leptin has been shown to promote sexual maturation in rodent species and a role in reproduction has been investigated at various sites within the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. This review considers the evidence that leptin (or alteration in amount of body fat) can affect reproduction. There is evidence that leptin plays a permissive role in the onset of puberty, probably through action on the hypothalamus, where leptin receptors are found in cells that express appetite-regulating peptides. There is little evidence that leptin has a positive effect on the pituitary gonadotrophs and the gonads. There is also very little indication that leptin acts in an acute manner to regulate reproduction in the short term. It seems more likely that leptin is a 'barometer' of body condition that sends signals to the brain. Studies in vitro have shown negative effects on ovarian steroid production and there are no reports of effects on testicular function. Leptin concentrations in plasma increase in women during pregnancy, owing to production by the placenta but the functional significance of this is unknown. A number of factors that affect the production and action of leptin have yet to be studied in detail. (+info)
Effects of pre- or postpartum selenium supplementation on selenium status in beef cows and their calves. (4/4438)The effect of Se supplementation before or after calving on Se status in deficient cows and their calves was studied using 72 beef cows in two experiments. In Exp. 1, cows calving in February or March 1997 were supplemented orally for 15 d in late pregnancy with 13.0, 32.5, or 45.5 mg of Se/d as sodium selenite. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were measured in red blood cells (RBC) or plasma of cows and calves at d 15 and between d 17 and 88 after calving. In Exp. 2, cows calving in January 1997 were supplemented orally with .0, 13.0, or 32.5 mg of Se/d for 15 d postpartum, and calves were injected with 1.38 mg of Se when 2 d old and at an average age of 49 d. The GSH-Px activities were measured in 30-d-old calves and in cows and calves between d 77 and 115 after calving. In both experiments, Se supplementation resulted in adequate Se status for the dams. The increase in RBC GSH-Px activity was faster with 45.5 mg of Se/d, and GSH-Px activities remained high for up to 98 d after the end of supplementation. The improvement in Se status in calves as a result of maternal supplementation was greater in Exp. 1 than in Exp. 2, suggesting that the placental transfer of Se is more efficient than milk transfer. Prepartum oral Se supplementation of deficient beef cows with 13.0 mg of Se/d for 15 d allowed adequate Se status of dams and calves, and 45.5 mg of Se/d resulted in a faster improvement of Se status. Parenteral administration of 1.38 mg of Se to newborn calves did not sustain normal Se status in calves issued from deficient cows. (+info)
Copper status of ewes fed increasing amounts of copper from copper sulfate or copper proteinate. (5/4438)The Cu status of mature, crossbred ewes fed two sources (CuSO4 vs. Cu proteinate) and three levels (10, 20, or 30 mg/kg) of dietary Cu was determined in a 73-d feeding trial. Ewes (n = 30) were fed a basal diet containing rice meal feed, cottonseed hulls, cottonseed meal, meat and bone meal, cracked corn, and vitamin-mineral supplements at 2.5% of BW to meet NRC requirements for protein, energy, macrominerals, and microminerals, excluding Cu. The basal diet contained 5 mg/kg Cu, 113 mg/kg Fe, .1 mg/kg Mo, and .17% S. Copper sulfate or Cu proteinate was added to the basal diet to supply 10, 20, or 30 mg/kg of dietary copper in a 2x3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Ewes were housed in 3.7- x 9.1-m pens in an open-sided barn. Blood samples were collected on d 28 and 73. Ewes were slaughtered on d 74, and liver and other tissues were collected to determine Cu concentrations. An interaction (P = .08) occurred between source and level for liver Cu. The interaction existed due to an increase in liver Cu concentrations when ewes were fed increasing dietary Cu from CuSO4 but not when fed Cu proteinate diets. There was no source x level interaction (P>.10) for the blood constituents measured. On d 73, plasma ceruloplasmin activity was greater (P<.05) in ewes fed Cu proteinate than in those fed CuSO4 (33.1 vs. 26.8 microM x min(-1) x L(-1)). Increasing the concentration of dietary Cu did not affect (P>.10) plasma ceruloplasmin. Packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count, whole blood hemoglobin (wHb), plasma hemoglobin, and plasma Cu were similar between sources of Cu. Ewes fed 20 mg/kg Cu had lower (P<.05) PCV, RBC, and wHb than those fed 10 or 30 mg/kg Cu diets. Feeding up to 30 mg/kg Cu from these sources did not cause an observable Cu toxicity during the 73-d period. (+info)
Biotin status: which are valid indicators and how do we know? (6/4438)Although estimated average requirements for biotin have been proposed, the human requirements for biotin in specific populations and at various ages remain uncertain, in part because indicators of biotin status have not been validated. With the use of improved methods for measuring biotin and metabolites, a recent study indicated that decreased urinary excretion of biotin and bisnorbiotin is an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency, but decreased serum concentration of biotin is not. Increased urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid (3-HIA), a leucine metabolite that is excreted in increased quantities with deficiency of the biotin-dependent enzyme beta-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, is also an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency. When these indicators were assessed longitudinally in 13 pregnant women, biotin excretion was not significantly decreased early in pregnancy but did decrease significantly from early to late pregnancy. Excretion of 3-HIA was abnormally increased in about three-fourths of the women studied in both early and late pregnancy. Thus, each indicator detected biotin deficiency late in pregnancy, but assessment of biotin status for the two indicators conflicted early in pregnancy. Preliminary results from a trial assessing response of 3-HIA excretion to biotin treatment indicate that biotin status is indeed impaired both early and late in pregnancy. (+info)
Nutrition and health outcomes associated with food insecurity and hunger. (7/4438)This paper explores how food insecurity and hunger relate to health and nutrition outcomes in food-rich countries such as the United States. It focuses on two subgroups of the population for whom data are available: women of childbearing age and school-age children. Special consideration is given to examining how food insecurity relates to these outcomes independently of socioeconomic status and poverty. In a population-based sample of women of childbearing age, the least severe level of food insecurity (household food insecurity) was correlated with higher body mass index (BMI), controlling for other available and known influences on obesity including income level. In low income school-age children from two large urban areas of the U.S., risk of hunger and hunger were associated with compromised psychosocial functioning, controlling for maternal education and estimated household income. The nutrition and health consequences of food insecurity comprise a potentially rich area for future, socially relevant research in the field of nutritional sciences. (+info)
Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (8/4438)A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food. (+info)
Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients
MOREIRA, Ana Catarina et al. Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.951-957. ISSN 1699-5198. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6454.. Background: Poor nutritional status and worse health-related quality of life (QoL) have been reported in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The utilization of generic and disease specific QoL questionnaires in the same population may provide a better understanding of the significance of nutrition in QoL dimensions. Objective: To assess nutritional status by easy to use parameters and to evaluate the potential relationship with QoL measured by generic and disease specific questionnaires. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment adapted to renal patients (SGA), body mass index (BMI), nutritional intake and appetite. QoL was assessed by the generic EuroQoL and disease specific Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form ...
Impact of Nutritional Status on the Quality of Life of Advanced Cancer Patients in Hospice Home Care - PubMed
Implications of women's work for child nutritional status in sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of Nigeria
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The study examines the relationships between womens work and child nutritional status (stunting and wasting) of 5331 Nigerian children aged 0-59 months, using data from the 1990 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. In defining womens work, the study considers whether women earned cash from their work and carried their children to work in order to assess the importance of childcare and income, which are the principal pathways through which womens work affects child nutritional status. The study also examines infants and children differently in order to assess the influence of childs age on nutritional status. The results reveal that wasting among infants increased when mothers did not take them to work. Furthermore, mothers work reduced stunting in their children, but the expected positive effect of earning cash from work on childhood nutrition was less visible from the results. Other results from the study revealed that during infancy, having recent episodes of
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Nutritional Status Is Associated with Function, Physical Performance and Falls in Older Adults...
Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of malnutrition on geriatric rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. This was a retrospective cohort study of 375 patients. Data collected included age, gender, diagnosis at admission, comorbidities, cognitive and nutritional status, functional and physical measurements, length of stay, mortality and falls. Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB).
The role of physical activity and nutritional intake on nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer</em>...
TY - CONF. T1 - The role of physical activity and nutritional intake on nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer. AU - Sealy, Martine. PY - 2015/6. Y1 - 2015/6. N2 - Malnutrition is a frequent problem in patients with head and neck cancer. Prevention or timely treatment of malnutrition isof great importance because deteriorated nutritional status can have a negative effect on clinical outcome in head andneck cancer patients.Malnutrition is a multidimensional problem, in which a nutritional disbalance causes loss of weight and muscle mass, eitheror not accompanied by inflammatory activity, resulting in functional decline.Thus far, little is known about the role of physical activity in both the development and treatment of malnutrition in cancerpatients. Although positive effects of exercise on fatigue and quality of life have been reported, the relationship betweenphysical activity and prevention and treatment of malnutrition needs to be further elucidated.In this presentation, ...
Risk factors associated with nutritional status among the older persons in selected homes for the aged in Nairobi and Kiambu...
Nutrition plays an important role in aging and health. Little is documented on the risks of relocation from home to an institution in relation to the nutritional status of the older persons in Kenya and other developing countries. The purpose of the study was to investigate risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in the homes. The objectives of the study were to; establish the risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in these homes and identify the relationship between risks that have an effect on nutritional status. A conceptual framework derived from Help age International publications guided the study. A descriptive survey design using a multi instrument approach was used. All the 69 (sixty nine) older persons aged between 63 (sixty three) and 107 (a hundred and seven) from the two homes whereby 50 (fifty) came from Nyumbani situated in Nairobi while 19 (nineteen) came from Thogoto in Kiambu were used to provide the required data. Data ...
Weight loss and malnutrition are common in DMD. However, there are no studies that have assessed the effect of nutritional status on clinical outcome in DMD. This study was designed to assess the impact of poor nutritional status on outcomes over a 12-month period.. A retrospective case series study was conducted. All DMD patients over 16 years referred to a tertiary centre were recruited (n = 79; 16-41 years). Nutritional parameters [baseline and current weight, body mass index (BMI)] and feeding routes were assessed in relation to outcome indicators [length of stay (LOS), re-admission and infection episodes)].. BMI was only measured in 34/79 (43%) of patients. The mean (SD) BMI was 20.8 (5.5) kg/m2. Re-admission risk was greater in underweight (BMI,20kg/m2) or overweight (BMI,25kg/m2) compared to normal BMI patients (RR 1.2, 1.43, respectively). Patients admitted to hospital weighed significantly less than non-admitted patients with a median (IQR) of 51kg (39,66) vs. 64kg (50,76; p=0.03). ...
Dietary Intake and Nutrition Status | Encyclopedia.com
Dietary intake and nutrition statusDefinitionDietary intake refers to the daily eating patterns of an individual, including specific foods and calories consumed and relative quantities. Nutrition status refers to the availability of nutrients and calories in the individuals diet compared to nutrition recommendations for the individuals age group and overall health status. Source for information on Dietary Intake and Nutrition Status: The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health: A Guide for Seniors and Their Caregivers dictionary.
Malnutrition rate among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus | AVESİS
Aim: Rate of obesity is high among patients with type 2 diabetes thus assessment of the nutritional status is often ignored in these patients. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized forpoor glycemic control and to define the risk factors related to malnutrition. Methods: Study included a total of 104 patients (67 female, 37 male, mean age: 65.08 +/- 12.57) who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics for poor glycemic control. Patients nutritional status was evaluated on the first day of admission. Demographic, anthropometric and biochemical data of the cases were evaluated. Nutritional status was assessed with Mini Nutritional Assessment(MNA) test. Results: Malnutrition rate was 7.7%, rate of the patients with malnutrition risk was 18.3% and rate of the patients with normal nutritional status was found as 74%. Body mass index was 25 kg/m(2) or higher in 37.5% of the patients with malnutrition and 63.2% in ...
Frontiers | Nutrition as an important mediator of the impact of background variables on outcome in middle childhood | Frontiers...
Adequate nutrition is fundamental to the development of a childs full potential. However, the extent to which malnutrition affects developmental and cognitive outcomes in the midst of co-occurring risk factors remains largely understudied. We sought to establish if the effects of nutritional status varied according to diverse background characteristics as well as to compare the relative strength of the effects of poor nutritional status on language skills, motor abilities and cognitive functioning at school age. This cross-sectional study was conducted among school-age boys and girls resident in Kilifi District in Kenya. We hypothesized that the effects of area of residence, school attendance, household wealth, age and gender on child outcomes are experienced directly and indirectly through child nutritional status. The use of structural equation modelling (SEM) allowed the disaggregation of the total effect of the explanatory variables into direct effects (effects that go directly from one
Food Labeling, Politics, and Vegetarian Meats in Canada | eatinscanada.com
Last month, David was told by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) that he would need to comply with Canadian food labeling standards for what they call "simulated meat products" in order to maintain distribution of all the products in Canada. According to the CFIA, any food item that takes on tFood Labeling Politics and Vegetarian Meats in Canadahe appearance and quality of a similar traditional animal flesh-based item must emulate the nutritional profile of the similar animal-based item. In other words, the nutritional profile of animal flesh is seen to be the standard in protein, fat and amino acid content as far as the Canadian government is concerned, and no other nutritional profiles that a plant-based meat would normally have are recognized as being valid or legal to sell on Canadian store shelves.. David takes issue with this regulation, and rather than comply with the CFIA as other vegan meat products have done to stay in Canada, he intends to try to work with the government to ...
Effect of fortified milk on growth and nutritional status in young children: a systematic review and meta-analysis - IDF
Objective Adequate nutrition is critical for optimal growth and development. However, young children may be at risk of nutrient deficiencies when transitioning to weaning foods for a variety of reasons. Supplementation with fortified milk may provide potentially lacking essential nutrients, but effects on growth and nutritional status are yet to be established.. Design Five databases were searched for randomised controlled trials using fortified milk against control milk in young children. Outcomes were growth, body composition and/or biochemical markers. Pooled differences in means were calculated for continuous outcomes and odds ratios for binary outcomes. Setting Randomised controlled trials set in any country.. Subjects Otherwise healthy children aged 6-47 months. Results Fifteen articles met the eligibility criteria. Fortification varied from Fe, Zn, vitamins, essential fatty acids, to pre- and/or probiotics. Frequently reported outcomes were weight, height and Fe status. Studies varied in ...
Effect of Nutritional Status on Fruit Quality of Satsuma Mandarin c.v. Owari under Saline Conditions. | AVESİS
The relationship between baseline nutritional status with subsequent parenteral nutrition and clinical outcomes in cancer...
Cancer patients are particularly susceptible to nutritional depletion due to the combined effects of the malignant disease and its treatment. CRS followed by HIPEC is a major surgical procedure that can further accentuate the risk of nutritional depletion in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis [10, 11, 33]. As a result, timely nutritional assessment and intervention in this patient population might be critical to achieving optimal clinical outcomes including LOS, cost, quality of life, survival and ability to tolerate treatment. In this retrospective study of the first 60 patients at our institution who had CRS and HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis, we investigated the relationship between baseline nutritional status and clinical outcomes. We also conducted a preliminary analysis of clinical outcomes as a function of parenteral nutrition.. There are 2 key findings of our study. Baseline nutritional status, as evaluated using SGA, was predictive of patient LOS. This finding is consistent ...
The impact of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme on the nutritional status of children: 2008-2012 :: IFPRI Publications
Ethiopias Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is a large-scale social protection intervention aimed at improving food security and stabilizing asset levels. The PSNP contains a mix of public works employment and unconditional cash and food transfers. It is a well-targeted program; however, several years passed before payment levels reached the intended amounts. The PSNP has been successful in improving household food security. However, childrens nutritional status in the localities where the PSNP operates is poor, with 48 percent of children stunted in 2012. This leads to the question of whether the PSNP could improve child nutrition. In this paper, we examine the impact of the PSNP on childrens nutritional status over the period 2008-2012. Doing so requires paying particular attention to the targeting of the PSNP and how payment levels have evolved over time. Using inverse-probability-weighted regression-adjustment estimators, we find no evidence that the PSNP reduces either chronic ...
Read Our Weight Loss Reviews Nutritional profile blood test
True Blood: The Health Benefits of Lab Testing. then seek appropriate medical expertise or adjust their nutrition,. routine at the time of the blood test.It is not necessary to discontinue nutritional supplements prior to this test.. A: Such blood tests are commonly used in alternative medicine circles.Health Testing Centers has been providing affordable blood tests for individuals to take charge of their health for 31 years.All tests are done using a blood sample, except where noted. as well as nutritional status and toxic substance exposure.Compares Acu-Cell Analysis with lab tests in the assessment of trace minerals, flavonoids, Vit B12, stomach acid, thyroid, adrenal and lipid status.Reading the Blood Chemistry Panel:. veterinarians had only a few rudimentary tests for blood chemistry components at their.Accurate blood biomarker analysis plus personalized interventions for nutrition,.However, drink plenty of water and take your medications as prescribed. hormone panels, nutrition and ...
Clinical Assessment Of Nutritional Status Pdf
The nutritional status in adolescent Spanish cyclists
JULIAN-ALMARCEGUI, C. et al. The nutritional status in adolescent Spanish cyclists. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.4, pp.1184-1189. ISSN 1699-5198. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.4.6513.. Introduction: Adolescence is an important period of nutritional vulnerability due to the increased dietary requirements. Objective: To describe the nutritional status of adolescent cyclist and a group of normoactive controls. Methods: The HELENA Dietary Assessment Tool was used to evaluate the nutritional intake of 20 adolescent cyclists and 17 controls. Total energy intake, resting energy expenditure (REE), total energy expenditure (TEE), macronutrients and several micronutrients were registered and compared with dietary guidelines. Results: REE was lower and TEE higher in cyclists than in controls (both P , 0.01). Significant differences were observed in phosphorus and vitamin B1 being higher in cyclists (P , 0.05). Most participants, both cyclist and controls, did not reach the diet requirements ...
Nutritional status as marker for disease activity and severity predicting mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis |...
Results Patients with SSc had reduced phase angle (PhA) values, body cell mass (BCM), percentages of cells, increased extracellular mass (ECM) and ECM/BCM values compared with healthy donors. Malnutrition was best reflected by the PhA values. Of the patients with SSc, 69 (55.7%) had malnutrition that was associated with severe disease and activity. As assessed by multivariate analysis, low predicted forced vital capacity and high N-terminal(NT)-proBNP values discriminated best between good and bad nutritional status. Among different clinical parameters, low PhA values were the best predictors for SSc-related mortality. BMI values were not related to disease symptoms or mortality. Fifty per cent of patients with SSc had a lower energy uptake related to their energy requirement, 19.8% related to their basal metabolism. Nutritional treatment improved the patients nutritional status. ...
General survey of the Skin and Nutritional Status - NY School
Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Question1. Thefirst sign that raises concern is the patient being received by thedog. The patient is at a risk of tripping and falling. On enteringthe home, the safety of couple should be a top priority. To startwith, I will check on Mrs. Gardners general appearance. Thisassessment will check on her level of consciousness, facial features,skin color, and whether she has any distress or not. Her staringblankly will raise concerns too, and it is good to establish how longshe has been in that state. I will then assess her eyes, feet andensure that she is sitting in a comfortable position considering theleft side is weak. Mobility assessment is also vital as well aschecking for any signs of malnutrition. The skin nails and hairshould be assessed to ensure that they are normal. Quickly, I willtake the vitals, height, and weight.. Question2. Becauseshe has been at the hospital and she is showing no ...
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Effects of Preventive Nutrition Interventions among Adolescents on Health and Nutritional Status...
The objective of this review was to assess the impact of preventive nutrition interventions on health and nutritional status of adolescents aged 10–19 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We searched the databases until 5 February 2019 without any restrictions on publication, date, language, or publication status. A total of 10 studies (15 papers) including 10,802 participants assessing the impact of micronutrient supplementation/fortification were included in this review. We did not find any study assessing the impact of nutrition education and counseling or macronutrient supplementation among adolescents. Among primary outcomes, we are uncertain of the effect of iron supplementation with or without folic acid on anemia (daily supplementation; relative risk (RR): 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42, 2.57; one study; 1160 participants; low-quality evidence; weekly supplementation; RR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.46, 2.52; one study; 1247 participants; low-quality evidence). We are also
Indmedica - Current Pediatric Research
An analysis of the breastfeeding pattern at 3 months of age reveals that 86% and 85.7% of babies were exclusively breastfed in study group and controls respectively, whereas partial breastfeeding was given only in 5.9%and 4.8% respectively. The number of exclusively breastfed infants declined to 52.9% and 78.6% at 6 months in study group and controls respectively. In 1996, study by Abdur-rahiman, Ahmad  on effects of maternal nutritional status on the outcome of pregnancy, showed that exclusive breastfeeding was given in 80% of babies during first 4 months which declined to only 10% at six months of age. The increased incidence of exclusive breastfeeding in our study is a reflection of our efforts towards implementing a hospital breastfeeding policy.. The mean weight of babies in the study group (2.04±.36kg) was observed to be constantly below the 5th percentile at birth and during the 6 months follow up. The pattern of serial weight gain in this group is in close agreement with serial ...
Part 1: Introduction
1. Introduction Despite all efforts undertaken both nationally and internationally, poor nutritional status is still a fundamental cause of disease and shortened life-span. Most people are aware that many factors are either directly or indirectly responsible for undernutrition, including insecure food supply, lack of basic education, inadequate health services, deteriorated environment, low income, and inadequate empowerment. The factors contributing to malnutrition vary from community to community. However, poverty is nearly always an underlying factor. To improve the nutritional status and improve living conditions in communities, it is necessary to determine the nature, magnitude and causes of malnutrition. Anthropometric indices are internationally accepted as nutrition key indicators of populations. Additionally, they have been recommended repeatedly as a suitable key indicator for poverty as well. The use of anthropometric indicators is based on the extensively observed phenomena that a ...
Nutrition i fokus. En litteraturstudie om bedömning av och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid malnutrition.
Malnutrition is a commonly existing problem at Swedish hospitals and nursing homes. Despite this there is a lack of national guidelines for assessment of and interventions during malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate in which way nutritional status can be assessed on an old multipical ill patient in a hospital or at a nursing home. And what nursing interventions the nursing staff can make to improve patients nutritional status. The chosen method was a literature review which was based on twelve scientific articles. The result shows that a combination of anthropometic measurements, biochemical markers and an assessment tool is required for an adequate estimation of nutritional status. Nursing interventions that could be used by the nursing staff are individually adjusted meal support, in between meal snacks, oral feeding support and dietary records. Further knowledge and research is required to reach national guidelines for nutritional assessment ...
Independent effects of residual renal function and dialysis adequacy on nutritional status and patient outcome in continuous...
A Comprehensive Assessment of Nutritional Status and Factors Impacting Nutrition Recovery in Hospitalized, Critically Ill...
Disease related malnutrition is a concern for the critically ill, however there is a paucity of research examining nutrition recovery in survivors of critical illness. Prior to the development of nutrition interventions to enhance recovery from critical illness, a more comprehensive understanding of the nutrition recovery trajectory and factors influencing the early stages of ward-based recovery is required. Thus, the overarching purpose of this thesis was to produce a comprehensive body of work that enhances our understanding of various facets of nutrition recovery in the hospitalized, critically ill patient following liberation from mechanical ventilation (LMV). To explore and characterize nutrition recovery, I first evaluated: 1) the feasibility of performing common measures of nutritional status during the first seven days following LMV, 2) nutrition intake following LMV, and 3) meal and food intake patterns of patients prescribed non-modified oral diets following LMV. The compilation of ...
Browsing Faculty of Education & Health Sciences by Subject "malnutrition"
A snapshot of the nutritional status of Crohn's disease among adolescents in Brazil: a prospective cross-sectional study | BMC...
In the present study, we provided a snapshot of the nutritional status of CD adolescents in Brazil using instruments and methods that are available at any health facility where such patients might be followed. We found that BMI-for-age and height-for-age were significantly lower in the patients with CD than in the controls, a finding that was consistent with those of Burnham et al. , who studied 104 children and young adults with CD evaluated an average of 4 years after the disease had been diagnosed (as was the case in the present study).. In a similar study, Thayu et al.  investigated a sample of 78 children and adolescents with CD and found significant changes in growth, pubertal development, and body composition (in particular, lean body mass loss) at diagnosis in comparison with the control group, although they found no differences between the genders. The deficit of lean body mass persisted throughout the follow-up period.. In the present study, caloric intake was found to be lower ...
Re: MS relapses
newmser, please keep your contributions civil. thank you. please feel free to post conflicting research if you have found studies that demonstrate no influence of nutritional status on resistance to hiv-aids. general-discussion-f1/topic39.html#p4760 Personal attacks, which can consist of slightly veiled ...
Mortality risk in hemodialysis patients and changes in nutritional indicators: DOPPS. - PubMed - NCBI
E of 62 [58?8] yrs., mild to moderate airflow limitation, absent or mild | CTSK Inhibito ctskinhibito.com
5 Common Nutrient Deficiencies That Are Ruining Your Health | Survival
I often find myself looking up the nutrient profiles of the foods I eat. I try to do it on a regular basis, just to see where my diet is lacking. What I usually discover, is that Im deficient in one nutrient or another. You really need to eat a lot of really high quality foods to take in the vitamins and minerals that are recommended by the FDA. And even when you pull that off, its still isnt necessarily enough. The daily recommended values that you see printed on the sides of most food packages, often reflect the minimum nutrients you need, rather than the most optimum nutrient intake.. And I know that Im not alone. Despite the fact that people living in the United States have access to more food than anyone else in the world, or throughout human history for that matter, millions of Americans are still deficient in many different kinds of nutrients. The most common of which include:. Vitamin D. Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiencies are skyrocketing in the US. Because we receive ...
Assessment of nutritional status, pre-operative nutrition supplementation and its' impact on the outcome of surgery in...
The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolesce...
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status - 10 - 2015 - TalkingNutrition - DSM
Nutritional Status | Transformations360
CAUSES: overeating, eating fast and overly processed foods, eating foods with refined sugars, trans-fats, chemicals, preservatives, not getting in consistent vegetables and fruits, and eating agri-industry meats and poultry.. IF PROBLEM CONTINUES: it can cause people to become overweight, obese, pre-diabetic, diabetic, have high cholesterol and lipids and feel fatigued, tired, depressed, anxious, and have little stamina in life. It can also cause people to crave unhealthy foods.. TO CORRECT: See your healthcare practitioner for a consultation. Suggested Product(s) To Support Nutritional Status:. ...
Nutrient Deficiencies | Nutritiapedia® | Page 3
Fred Height Weight Age Affairs Body Stats
Comparative analysis of certain nutritional parameters of fat...
JoVE Author Search: Ihaku D
JMG Natural Herbs & Cures Corner | - stihvkarmane
Introduction to Food Rating System Chart. In order to better help you identify foods that feature a high concentration of nutrients for the calories they contain, we created a Food Rating System. This system allows us to highlight the foods that are especially rich in particular nutrients. The following chart shows the nutrients for which this food is either an excellent, very good, or good source (below the chart you will find a table that explains these qualifications). If a nutrient is not listed in the chart, it does not necessarily mean that the food doesnt contain it. It simply means that the nutrient is not provided in a sufficient amount or concentration to meet our rating criteria. (To view this foods in-depth nutritional profile that includes values for dozens of nutrients - not just the ones rated as excellent, very good, or good - please use the link below the chart.) To read this chart accurately, youll need to glance up in the top left corner where you will find the name of the ...
The Ultimate Guide To drinks high in antioxidants
To be able to greater enable you to identify foods that element a high concentration of nutrients for the calories they have, we developed a Food Rating Procedure. This system permits us to highlight the foods that are especially rich specifically nutrients. The subsequent chart demonstrates the nutrients for which this food is either an excellent, extremely good, or good source (beneath the chart you will discover a desk that clarifies these qualifications). If a nutrient isnt listed within the chart, it doesnt necessarily signify that the food does not incorporate it. It merely usually means that the nutrient is not presented within a sufficient amount get more info of money or focus to satisfy our score requirements. (To perspective this foods in-depth nutritional profile that contains values for dozens of nutrients - not just the ones rated as exceptional, very good, or good - you should utilize the url below the chart ...
Boost® Creamy Gelatin Dessert | Nestlé Health Science
Couscous vs Quinoa - Which Is Better For Weight Loss?
5 Health Benefits Of Mushrooms
What Are the Health Benefits of Himalayan Salt? | LIVESTRONG.COM
STICKY L-Zero-30T - Match Fishing
Following on from the discontinuation of the original L-Zero-30 and the upheaval it created in the carp fishing world, as we promised here is a liquid with almost identical properties and nutritional profile as its predecessor, enter our new L-Zero-30T. This concentrated soluble fish protein is made from fresh raw Tu
Crescimento de lactentes não-anêmicos suplementados com diferentes doses profiláticas de ferro
SILVA, Danielle G. da; FRANCESCHINI, Sylvia do C. C. and SIGULEM, Dirce M.. Growth in non-anemic infants supplemented with different prophylactic iron doses. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2008, vol.84, n.4, pp.365-372. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1817.. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different prophylactic iron doses on the growth and nutritional status of non-anemic infants. METHODS: Prospective randomized study. Infants aged 5.0 to 6.9 months who met the inclusion criteria and showed capillary hemoglobin ≥ 11 g/dL were randomly allocated into three groups who received the following prophylactic doses of iron supplement (ferrous sulfate): 1 mg/kg/day (n = 39); 2 mg/kg/day (n = 36); and 25 mg/week (n = 39). This supplementation was given during 16 weeks. Both weight and length were measured. The nutritional status was evaluated by comparing z scores for weight/age, length/age and weight/length based on the World Health Organization (2006) references. Morbidity ...
Seroyal - Vitamins and Minerals
Infant feeding practices, childhood growth and obesity in adult life.
Gibson, R. S. (2005). "Assessment of vitamin B6 status". Principles of Nutritional Assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford ... Leklem, James E (1990). "Vitamin B-6: A Status Report". The Journal of Nutrition. 120 (4): 1503-7. doi:10.1093/jn/120.suppl_ ... PLP is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, so low vitamin B6 status impairs this conversion. ... The assessment of vitamin B6 status is essential, as the clinical signs and symptoms in less severe cases are not specific. ...
Tada, Y.; Keiwkarnka, B.; Pancharuniti, N.; Chamroonsawasdi, K. (2002). "Nutritional status of the preschool children of the ... Maternal employment also influences children's nutritional status. For the mothers who work outside, their children are prone ... 2003). "Prevalence & etiology of nutritional anaemia among school children of urban slums". Indian J Med Res. 118: 167-171.. ... The major nutritional problems in slums are protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), vitamin A deficiency (VAD), iron deficiency ...
This increased demand for glutathione (GSH) in cystic fibrosis may be limiting if nutritional status is compromised. We sought ... Values were compared with nutritional status and lung parameters.. Results: At baseline there were no significant differences ... A survey of COG institutions revealed lack of conformity in evaluation and categorization of nutritional status, and criteria ... The nutritional efficiency of these diets was normal and similar. The immune response of mice fed the L diets, was found to be ...
The values given in the nutritional labels for total fat, saturated fat, and trans fat do not include those present in mono- ... Sonntag, Norman O. V. (1982). "Glycerolysis of fats and methyl esters - Status, review and critique". Journal of the American ... Flickinger, Brent D.; Matsuo, Noboru (February 2003). "Nutritional characteristics of DAG oil". Lipids. 38 (2): 129-132. doi: ...
Pettifor JM (2004). "Nutritional rickets: deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or both?". The American Journal of Clinical ... "Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D". Osteoporosis International. 20: 1807-1820. doi:10.1007/s00198- ... In China, a combination of vitamin D, calcium and nutritional counseling was linked to a decreased risk of rickets. With this ... Weisberg, P.; Scanlon K.S., Ruowei L., Cogswell M.E. (2004). "Nutritional rickets among children in the United States: review ...
Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
2009). "Iodine Nutritional status of children on the Island of Tanna Republic of Vanuatu". Public Health Nutrition. 12 (9): ... 2008). "Iodine Nutritional status in Tibet". Lancet. 372: 887-888. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61389-6. McKelleher, MN.; Mark, J ... Eastman, CJ.; Li, M.; Tommaso Cavalli-Sforza, l. (2008). "Iodine nutritional status in Tibet". The Lancet. 372: 887-888. doi: ... "Iodine nutritional status of children on the island of Tanna, Republic of Vanuatu". ResearchGate. 12 (9): 1512. doi:10.1017/ ...
Eating culture of the Navajo Nation
O'Connell, Joan; Manson, Spero; Yi, Rong; Acton, Kelly; Wilson, Charlton (2010). "Racial Disparities in Health Status" (PDF). ... whose nutritional value differs greatly from that of traditional Native foods. Research shows that this trend may be amplified ... a 1997 study released by the American Society for Nutritional Services found that 22.9% of Navajo people aged 20 or over had ...
Branda RF, Nigels E, Lafayette AR, Hacker M (1998). "Nutritional folate status influences the efficacy and toxicity of ... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... "Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 2013 (59): S67-S82.. *^ "Federal Register May 27, 2016 Food Labeling: Revision ... National Institutes of Health (U.S.) nutritional recommendations (µg DFE per day for RDA, µg folic acid for UL) Age Infants ...
Branda RF, Nigels E, Lafayette AR, Hacker M (1998). "Nutritional folate status influences the efficacy and toxicity of ... National Institutes of Health (US) nutritional recommendations (µg DFE per day for RDA, µg folic acid for UL) Age Infants ( ... A sub study of the Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study published in 2009 reported use of a nutritional ... Dietrich, M; Brown, CJ; Block, G (2005). "The effect of folate fortification of cereal-grain products on blood folate status, ...
Peña E, Sánchez A, Solano L (2003). "Profile of nutritional risk in pregnant adolescents". Archivos latinoamericanos de ... statistics on the mother's marital status are determined by whether she is married at the end of the pregnancy, not at the time ... Many pregnant teens are at risk of nutritional deficiencies from poor eating habits common in adolescence, including attempts ... "Calcium and vitamin D status of pregnant teenagers in Maiduguri, Nigeria". Journal of the National Medical Association. 89 (12 ...
Malnutrition in India
"NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Adults". Retrieved 2009-11-26. Kanjilal, B; et al. (2010). "Nutritional Status of Children in ... religion and caste affect the nutritional status of Indians. Living in rural areas also contribute to nutritional status. In ... Kanjilal, Barun; Mazumdar; Mukherjee; Rahman (January 2010). "Nutritional status of children in India: household socio-economic ... "NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Children". Retrieved 2009-11-26. "Nutrition and Anaemia" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-11-26. http://www. ...
Anthropometry of the upper arm
It also varies with nutritional status. The formulae for the derived measures are based upon an assumption that the arm is ... Factors influencing the bone, fat, and muscle composition of the upper arm include age, sex, nutritional status, fitness ... The derived measures attempt to provide better indicators of body composition and nutritional status than the principal ... Babette Zemel (2007). "Assessment of Growth and Nutritional Status in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease". In Petar Mamula; ...
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... Yudkin, John (16 September 1944). "The Nutritional Status of Children and Mothers of Industrial Towns". The Medical Officer. ... p. 1. Yudkin, John (1944). "Nutritional Status of Cambridge School-Children". British Medical Journal. ii (4362): 201-214. doi: ... The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of ...
Some status differences in society do not necessarily mean radically different nutritional levels; Powell did not find evidence ... Powell, M.L. Status and Health in Prehistory: A Case Study of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington, DC: Smithson Inst., 1988. ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Higher rates of cribia orbitalia among females may indicate lesser health status, or greater survival of young females with ...
List of average human height worldwide
Similarly, statistics on the mother's marital status are determined by whether she is married at the end of the pregnancy, not ... Many pregnant teens are at risk of nutritional deficiencies from poor eating habits common in adolescence, including attempts ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) (147 KB) Kaiser Family Foundation, January 2005. Retrieved 23 Jan 2007 The ... Peña E, Sánchez A, Solano L (2003). "Profile of nutritional risk in pregnant adolescents". Archivos latinoamericanos de ...
Brown woolly monkey
Health in Nepal
The nutritional status has improved over the two decades among the children in Nepal. The decreasing trends of stunting and ... with the mission to improve the overall nutritional status of children, women of child bearing age, pregnant women, and all ... Nepal has achieved polio free status in 27 March in 2014. Neonatal and maternal tetanus was already eliminated on 2005 and ... "Infectious Diseases and Malnutrition Status in Nepal: an Overview" "annual health report" (PDF). dohs.gov.np. Retrieved 11 ...
"Assessment of vitamin B6 status". Principles of Nutritional Assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 575- ... PLP is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, so low vitamin B6 status impairs this conversion. ... Leklem JE (November 1990). "Vitamin B-6: a status report". The Journal of Nutrition. 120 Suppl 11 (4): 1503-7. doi:10.1093/jn/ ... The assessment of vitamin B6 status is essential, as the clinical signs and symptoms in less severe cases are not specific. ...
Failed back syndrome
Klein J. D.; Garfin S. R. (1996). "Nutritional status in the patient with spinal infection". Orthop. Clin. N. Am. 27 (1): 33-36 ... 1994). "HIV status does not affect microbiologic spectrum or neurologic outcome in spinal infections". Surg. Neurol. 42 (5): ... Existing evidence does not allow drawing definite conclusions about the status of disc replacement at present. Many failed back ... However, leg pain relief and greater back-related functional status continued to favor those initially receiving surgical ...
HIV associated cardiomyopathy
Nutritional status and cardiac mass and function in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Am J Clin Nutr ... Many patients with HIV have nutritional deficiencies which have been linked to left ventricular dysfunction. HIV-infected ... may occur with HIV infection causing many HIV patients to have nutritional deficiencies and altered levels of vitamin B12, ...
Surgery directly affects nutritional status if a procedure permanently alters the digestive system. Enteral nutrition (tube ... Surgery affects nutritional status indirectly, particularly during the recovery period, as it can interfere with wound healing ... Loss of hope, status or social contact and spiritual distress can cause depression, which may be associated with reduced ... Pathak, K.; Soares, M. J.; Calton, E. K.; Zhao, Y.; Hallett, J. (2014-06-01). "Vitamin D supplementation and body weight status ...
Type 2 diabetes
The nutritional status of a mother during fetal development may also play a role, with one proposed mechanism being that of DNA ... Davis N, Forbes B, Wylie-Rosett J (June 2009). "Nutritional strategies in type 2 diabetes mellitus". The Mount Sinai Journal of ... Pasquier F (October 2010). "Diabetes and cognitive impairment: how to evaluate the cognitive status?". Diabetes & Metabolism. ... Diseases of the endocrine system (ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Endocrine diseases, E00- ...
Nutritional medicine, and Yoga. Ayurvedic medicine remedies are mainly plant based with some use of animal materials. ... "Chapter 2: Overview of CAM in the United States: Recent History, Current Status, And Prospects for the Future". Final Report ... "nutritional supplements". Only a very small percentage of these have been shown to have any efficacy, and there is little ... nutritional supplements'.... Only a tiny minority of these remedies have been shown to have mild-to moderately beneficial ...
It is thought that wild foods can have a significantly different nutritional profile than cultivated foods. The greater ... Jared Diamond suggests that the status of women declined with the adoption of agriculture because women in farming societies ... Archaeological evidence from art and funerary rituals indicates that a number of individual women enjoyed seemingly high status ...
Genetically modified tomato
Foolad, M. R. (2007). "Current Status Of Breeding Tomatoes For Salt And Drought Tolerance". Advances in Molecular Breeding ... Tomatoes have been altered in attempts to add nutritional content. In 2000, the concentration of pro-vitamin A was increased by ... Goyal, R.; Ramachandran, R.; Goyal, P.; Sharma, V. (2007). "Edible vaccines: Current status and future". Indian Journal of ...
Nutritional InformationEdit. I see a few websites selling Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (aka Klamath Lake Algae) as a nutritional ... An effort to reconcile the status of this group of bacteria has been underway for several decades. Although some progress has ... Does anyone have any nutritional information they can post in the article?126.96.36.199 09:37, 8 February 2007 (UTC) ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b c d Haynes MJ, Vincent K, Fischhoff C, Bremner AP, Lanlo O, Hankey GJ ... including nutritional supplements, acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal remedies, and biofeedback. ... Chapman-Smith D (2000). "Current status of the profession". The Chiropractic Profession: Its Education, Practice, Research and ... "Institutions holding Accredited Status with the ECCE". European Council On Chiropractic Education. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2014- ...
肥胖症 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书
McLaren L. Socioeconomic status and obesity. Epidemiol Rev (Review). 2007, 29: 29-48. PMID 17478442. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxm001. ... nutritional and metabolic diseases, and immunity disorders#Other metabolic and immunity disorders (270-279)）） ... Socioeconomic status and obesity: A review of the literature. Psychol Bull (Review). 1989-03, 105 (2): 260-75. PMID 2648443. ... Neovius K, Johansson K, Kark M, Neovius M. Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review. Obes Rev (Review). 2009-01, 10 ( ...
... coli can produce butanol with minimal nutritional supplementation. ... "Liquid Transport Biofuels - Technology Status Report", National Non-Food Crops Centre, 2008-04-14. Retrieved on 2009-05-11. ... "Renewables 2011: Global Status Report" (PDF). pp. 13-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-05. Retrieved 2015-01-03 ...
a b Bogucki, Z. (1976). Status of the White-tailed Eagle in Poland. In W: Report of WWF symposium on the White-tailed Eagle (pp ... are preferred since they have the highest nutritional benefit. Fish taken can exceed 0.9 to 1 m (3.0 to 3.3 ft) but since they ... a b Imler, R. H., & Kalmbach, E. R. (1955). The Bald Eagle and its economic status (Vol. 30). US Government Printing Office. ... The status of birds of prey in Greece. Pages 118-125 in RD Chancellor [ED.], World conference on birds of prey, Report of ...
நீரிழிவு நோய் (இரண்டாவது வகை) - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders
The Governing Committee has determined that the most appropriate legal status for the GDLN AP in Thailand is a "Foundation". ... nutritional and educational levels for tens of millions of children in Asia, Latin America, and Africa". ... The World Bank is currently engaging a solicitor in Thailand to process all documentation in order to obtain this legal status ...
Health in India
Due to their lower social status, girls are far more at risk of malnutrition than boys their age. Partly as a result of this ... Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), also known as protein-calorie malnutrition Iron deficiency: nutritional anaemia which can ... ". "Chronic hunger and the status of women in India". Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. . Retrieved on 2015- ...
Education in Finland
Since it was the only way to university education and entrance was heavily affected by the status and choices of parents, it ... which covers about a third of the daily nutritional need. In addition, pupils are entitled to receive free books and ... In Finland, "Reading to children, telling them folk tales, and going to the library are all high status activities," Leo R. ... "Percent of high school dropouts (status dropouts) among persons 16 to 24 years old, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1960-2003". Nces ...
"nutritional value of insects for human consumption" (PDF). FAO. Retrieved 1 April 2015.. ... status and covering about half the country by March 2013. Species such as the Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis ... Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Contents and Nutritional Value of Protein". College of Foods and Agricultural Science. King Saud ... "The Nutritional Value of Locusts". Livestrong.com. Retrieved 12 April 2015 ...
... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010: Water-Soluble Vitamins Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2013( ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part II". Retrieved October 27, 2011.. *^ Prockop DJ, Kivirikko KI (1995). "Collagens: ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part I". Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2011.. ...
Smoking and pregnancy
Help bring these Top Importance articles currently B Status or below up to GA status: Agaricus bisporus (i.e. mushroom), Beef, ... The following text was removed from the Nutritional facts section:. According to the protein combining theory, it was thought ... Bring these Top Importance articles currently at GA status up to FA status: Beer, French cuisine, Sugar ... Bring these High Importance articles currently at GA status up to FA status: Apple, Burger King, Fish ...
... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010: Water-Soluble Vitamins Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2013( ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part II". Retrieved 2011-10-27.. *^ Prockop DJ, Kivirikko KI (1995). "Collagens: molecular ... The richest natural sources are fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C is the most widely taken nutritional supplement and is ...
In 1887, U.S. tariff laws that imposed a duty on vegetables, but not on fruit, caused the tomato's status to become a matter of ... nutritional value, and numerous other traits. ... their habit of growing to the ground suggested low status. They ... and other metabolites that are sensory and nutritional assets of the ripe fruit. The potent chloroplasts in the dark-green ... "A systematic review of dietary, nutritional, and physical activity interventions for the prevention of prostate cancer ...
On the other hand, if FAD is added and AC is , 1.2, then riboflavin status is considered acceptable. Tillotson and Bashor[ ... Brody, Tom (1999). Nutritional Biochemistry. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-134836-9. OCLC 162571066.. ... Long term vitamin status and dietary intake of health elderly subjects. I. Riboflavin. British J. of Nutr., 1979; 42:33-42 ... An AC of 1.2 to 1.4, riboflavin status is considered low when FAD is added to stimulate enzyme activity. An AC , 1.4 suggests ...
... based only on nutritional resources provided by the female parent. The female must get enough energy for her needs, for the ... of important populations of major tsetse vectors will be covered several times by the benefits of tsetse-free status. Area- ... carried out by independent experts and the Department of Veterinary Services of Zanzibar has confirmed the tsetse-free status ...
National Center for Health Statistics
... to assess the health and nutritional status of Americans. This survey combines personal interviews with standardized physical ... NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health ... The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) provides information on the health status of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). *^ a b c "Dannon Agrees to Drop Exaggerated Health Claims for Activia ... Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Evaluation of Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food ... "Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food including Powder Milk with Live Lactic Acid Bacteria" (PDF). Food and ... "Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food including Powder Milk with Live Lactic Acid Bacteria" (PDF). ...
Assessing nutritional status in elderly patients. - PubMed - NCBI
Assessing nutritional status in elderly patients.. Dwyer JT1, Gallo JJ, Reichel W. ... is the patient at risk of disease and disability because of poor nutritional status? The four primary components of the ... The physician can incorporate nutritional assessment of the elderly patient into office practice by considering two questions. ... First, is the patient at nutritional risk due to disease, disability or medication? Second, ...
Nutritional Status, Food Consumption, and Physical... | Bartleby
A Study On Nutritional Status Of Rural Adolescent Girls. 1544 Words , 7 Pages A Study on Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescent ... The Nutritional Status Of Children. 1650 Words , 7 Pages Concept of Healthy Children: The nutritional status of children below ... Nutritional Intake And Physical Activity. 983 Words , 4 Pages * The Food Intake Is A Major Determinant Of Nutritional Status ... More about Nutritional Status, Food Consumption, and Physical Activity Among Chilean School Children: A Descriptive Study. * ...
Inflammatory Status Upon Hospital Admission Tied to Nutritional Support Response
A patients inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a ... Cite this: Inflammatory Status Upon Hospital Admission Tied to Nutritional Support Response - Medscape - Mar 23, 2020. ... A patients inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a ... "In patients with high inflammation, a less aggressive nutritional approach may be better, with a slow increase in caloric and ...
Nutritional status in northern Nigeria: evidence graph | Eldis
Nutritional Status and Immune Functions in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
... Hayriye Sayarlioglu,1 Reha Erkoc,1 Cengiz Demir,2 ... The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between immune functions and nutritional status of HD patients. We ... In this study, a positive correlation between albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as nutritional parameters and ...
Specialisation Nutritional Physiology and Health Status - WUR
IRN 1999/002: The Nutritional Status of Children | Base de données d'évaluation | UNICEF
IRN 1999/002: The Nutritional Status of Children. Executive summary. Background. During the last twenty years, the public ... Comparison of this study to past studies shows that the nutritional status of children has generally improved during a seven- ... levels of development and variation in cultural and social characteristics lead to both nutritional characteristics being ...
Food Consumption and Nutritional Status in India: Emerging Trends and Perspectives
... calories and micronutrients and nutritional status based on anthropometric measures using the data sets of NSS, NNMB and NFHS. ... "Food Consumption and Nutritional Status in India: Emerging Trends and Perspectives," Working Papers id:2210, eSocialSciences. ... nutritional status; child; water; health; India; NEP fields. This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports: *NEP- ... calories and micronutrients and nutritional status based on anthropometric measures using the data sets of NSS, NNMB and NFHS. ...
Nutritional and Health Status of Children During a Food Crisis --- Niger, September 17--October 14, 2005
... serve as indicators for the nutritional status of the whole population. Together, data on food insecurity and nutritional ... Nutritional and Health Status of Children During a Food Crisis --- Niger, September 17--October 14, 2005. ... Second, food distributed by relief programs might have improved the nutritional status of some children and obscured the extent ... that will improve the health and nutritional status of children in Niger. References ...
PRIME PubMed | Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderl
PubMed journal article Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderl were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime ... Nutritional status in hospitalized elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment.. *Nutritional strategies for successful ... Nutritional Status. Obesity. Prevalence. Weight Loss. beta-Thalassemia. Pub Type(s). Journal Article. Language. eng ... TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderly. AU - Donini,L M, AU - De Felice,M R, AU - Cannella ...
Nutritional and metabolic status of breast cancer women
... or recovery of nutritional status and cancer outcome. Material and methods: Several different methods for nutritional ... Introduction: The nutritional and metabolic status have been related to cancer risk factors as well as to cancer treatment ... The occurrence of complications during cancer treatment versus the nutritional status was assessed. Results: We followed 78 ... Nutritional and metabolic status of breast cancer women. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.751-758. ISSN 1699-5198. ...
Eating behaviors, nutritional status, and menstrual function in elite female adolescent volleyball players. - PubMed - NCBI
Eating behaviors, nutritional status, and menstrual function in elite female adolescent volleyball players.. Beals KA1. ... Nutritional status, eating behaviors and menstrual function was examined in 23 nationally ranked female adolescent volleyball ... while marginal vitamin B12 status (,200 pg/ml) and vitamin C status (,28 mmol/L) were found in 1 and 4 athletes, respectively. ... Iron (Fe), vitamins C, B12, and Folate status were assessed using serum and whole blood. Mean El (2248 +/- 414 kcal/d) was less ...
Browsing Publications by Subject "Nutritional Status"
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation | Science
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... Methylation status of cytosines in CpG dinucleotides of dynactin p62. The percentage of methylation for individual CpGs is ...
PRIME PubMed | Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India
Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... "Diet and Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescents in India." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 11, 2002, pp. ... Diet and Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescents in India. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(11):1119-25. PubMed PMID: 12428178. ... Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India.. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov; 56(11):1119-25.EJ ...
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation | Science
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... that the use of that information can be differentially altered by nutritional input, and that the flexibility of epigenetic ...
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status - 10 - 2015 - TalkingNutrition - DSM
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status . TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ever-changing ... Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status *11 *Multivitamin-Mineral Supplements, Insuring Nutritional Status and ... Wow, Measuring Nutritional Status is Insightful *Nutrition is Affected by Socioeconomic Status - Where is the Sense of Urgency? ... Measuring Biomarkers to Evaluate Nutritional Status *A What-If Kind of Day… *Suboptimal Vitamin E Status may be Affecting ...
Why Blood Work Can't Evaluate Pets' Nutritional Status | petMD
Why Blood Work Cant Evaluate Your Pets Nutritional Status: Case Study. An English Bulldog was admitted to the teaching ... Only diet analysis can determine the nutritional status of a diet. Simply feeding a variety of meats, carbohydrates, oils, ... The Bottom Line on Blood Testing for Nutritional Deficiencies. It is generally near end-stage dysfunction (again, like our ... This case demonstrates that routine blood work will not reveal the nutritional adequacy of a diet. ...
Preventing Malnutrition and Restoring Nutritional Status in Hospitalized Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Nutritional status evolution [ Time Frame: At least 2 days depending on the hospitalisation time ]. *Mean length and cost of ... Preventing Malnutrition and Restoring Nutritional Status in Hospitalized Children (PREDIRE). The safety and scientific validity ... Appropriate call-in Nutritional Support Team [ Time Frame: At least 2 days depending on the hospitalisation time ]. ... Experimental: Nutritional Support Team Procedure: Access to a Computerized Clinical Decision Support System (CCDDS) Automatic ...
Nutritional status of pregnant women: prevalence and associated pregnancy outcomes
NUCCI, Luciana Bertoldi et al. Nutritional status of pregnant women: prevalence and associated pregnancy outcomes. Rev. Saúde ... CONCLUSIONS: Overweight nutritional status (obesity and pre-obesity) was seen in 25% of adult pregnant women and it was ... Nutritional status was defined using body mass index (BMI), according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Odds ratios ... Keywords : Obesity; Pregnancy complications; Body mass index; Nutritional status; Prevalence; Prenatal care; Risk factors; ...
A Brief Insight upon the Challenge of Nutritional Status Evaluation
... in direct link with health status, therapy recommendations and prediction of diseases risk pro.. ... In nowadays the estimation of the nutritional status is of high importance, ... In nowadays the estimation of the nutritional status is of high importance, in direct link with health status, therapy ... allowing the restoration of an adequate nutritional intake in order to improve nutritional status and prevent worsening of the ...
Metabolic acidosis and its association with nutritional status in hemodialysis
... nutritional parameters and acid-base status. Other limitations were the small sample size and the lack of nutritional ... Periodic monitoring of nutritional status should be part of the follow-up of patients on dialysis, being fundamental to prevent ... The association between nutritional status assessed by the lean body mass index and bicarbonate was not evaluated in previous ... Acidosis and nutritional status in hemodialyzed patients. French Study Group for Nutrition in Dialysis. Semin Dial 2000;13:241- ...
Use of Anthropometry in Monitoring the Nutritional and Health Status of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS | SpringerLink
Burgin J, Nichols S, Dalrymple N. The nutritional status of clinic attendees living with HIV/AIDS in St Vincent and the ... While anthropometry allow us to monitor and evaluate changes in the nutritional status of PLWHA, its greatest benefit can only ... Nichols S., Dalrymple N., Francis M. (2012) Use of Anthropometry in Monitoring the Nutritional and Health Status of Persons ... To ensure accuracy of the data generated, anthropometric measures of nutritional status in PLWHA should be highly sensitive, ...
Fatty acids as biomarkers for health status and nutritional intake - Research database - University of Groningen
Assessing nutritional status in HIV positive adults | ENN
en-net: Nutritional status and vulnerability of older adults/older people (aged 50 +). Happy New Year to En-net colleagues, I ... Assessing nutritional status in HIV positive adults. Summary of published research1. Humanitarian agencies are starting ... FEX: Nutritional status and handgrip strength in older refugees. Summary of research1 Handgrip strength measurement in the ... BIA is not a good tool for screening for wasting, but would be a good tool for monitoring changing nutritional status in in- ...
Food and Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status of Finnish Vegans and Non-Vegetarians
This study highlights the need for nutritional guidance to vegans. ... However, few studies have investigated the nutritional status of vegans, who may be at risk of nutritional deficiencies. ... Food and Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status of Finnish Vegans and Non-Vegetarians PLoS One. 2016 Feb 3;11(2):e0148235. doi ... Nutritional status was assessed by measuring biomarkers in plasma, serum, and urine samples. Vegans (n = 22) data was compared ...
Improvement of Nutritional Status in Elderly Residents of Long-term Facilities
... associated with a bad oral and dental status. Yet, many eld... ... Improvement of Nutritional Status in Elderly Residents of Long- ... Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the ... The objective of this study is to assess the impact of 2 stratégies aimed to restore a good nutritional status, among patients ... More From BioPortfolio on "Improvement of Nutritional Status in Elderly Residents of Long-term Facilities". *Related Companies* ...
Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School Children
Aside from the dietary intake and nutritional status of children, social and environmental influences have a major impact on ... Further studies on the effect and mechanism of pineapple and its component on nutritional status and immunology are also ... nutritional status, and physical health of ninety-eight (98) school children with mean age of . The study participants were ... Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School ...
Investigation of the vitamin D nutritional status in women with gestational diabetes mellitus in Beijing | SpringerLink
To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes... ... To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the middle and late ... Using a new assessment technique, we investigated Vitamin D nutritional status among outpatients with GDM in our hospital, and ... Investigation of the vitamin D nutritional status in women with gestational diabetes mellitus in Beijing. ...
Would Nutritional Status Maps Influence where you Choose to Live? - 06 - 2014 - TalkingNutrition - DSM
Would Nutritional Status Maps Influence where you Choose to Live?. TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ... Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status *11 *Multivitamin-Mineral Supplements, Insuring Nutritional Status and ... Wow, Measuring Nutritional Status is Insightful *Nutrition is Affected by Socioeconomic Status - Where is the Sense of Urgency? ... Measuring Biomarkers to Evaluate Nutritional Status *A What-If Kind of Day… *Suboptimal Vitamin E Status may be Affecting ...
MalnutritionMini Nutritional AssessmentCONCLUSIONSPrevalenceAssessment of Nutritional StatusAssessMetabolicIntake and nutritional statusClinicalPerformed using oDeficienciesOutcomesElderlyMethodsBiomarkersOlder people's health statusIndiaPreoperative nutritional factorsDeficiencyEvaluatePatientsStudyCystic fibrosisPrognosticOutcomeAssessingOverweightParametersDeterminantsInadequate nutritional statusRiskFood ConsumptionHealth StatusAdolescentsMortalityEffect of nutritionalIndicators of Nutritional StatusSignificantlyCONUTSurvivalPoorImprove nutritionalEvaluationDietPreschool ChildrenNutritionMeasurementsBaselineNutrientMeasures of nutritional statusMaternalConsumptionSupplementsAdolescent
- A Study on Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescent Girls of Mangrop, Bhilwara District Nutritional status of Adolescent girls Vishakha Sharma1 and Vishakha Singh2 Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur 313001 Rajasthan (India) E-mail- [email protected], [email protected] KEYWORDS Body mass index, Dietary intake, Food Groups, Malnutrition, Nutrient Intake. (bartleby.com)
- SGA was originally developed to determine which patients need extra nutritional support following surgery for gastrointestinal problems and relies on a combination of patient history, clinical signs of malnutrition and assessment of muscle function using handgrip strength. (ennonline.net)
- The Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Nutritional Risk Screening are simple screening tools that identify patients who require further monitoring. (ovid.com)
- The Subjective Global Assessment is useful at detecting patients with established malnutrition and the Mini Nutritional Assessment for the elderly is useful at detecting patients who need preventive nutritional measures. (ovid.com)
- Using the hospitals own nutritional risk assessment tool 56% of patients were found to be at risk of malnutrition on admission, which increased to 68% after 2-3 weeks. (biomedsearch.com)
- Background: Addressing the nutritional needs of adolescents could be an important step towards breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition. (who.int)
- Undernutrition, or PEM (protein-energy malnutrition) as it is often called, may be defined as a nutritional situation in which a lack of energy, protein and/or other nutrients causes measurable adverse effects on body composition and function, together with a clinical result (1, p. 14). (sykepleien.no)
- Nutritional assessment is essential in cirrhotic patients, since malnutrition and sarcopenia are very common and substantially affect their quality of life and survival. (efad.org)
- 3 This continuing malnutrition demonstrates the need to improve nutritional management and to define optimal management strategies of patients with cystic fibrosis. (bmj.com)
- Malnutrition in an elderly population without cognitive impairment living in nursing homes in SpaIn: study of prevalence using the Mini Nutritional Assessment test. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- We assessed the relationship between anthropometric measures (Body Mass Index (BMI), circumferences of arm (AC), waist (WC), hip (HC), and calf (CC), waist-to-hip ratio - WHR, waist-to-height ratio - WHtR, risk of malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment - MNA), serum albumin) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated by Berlin Initiative Study (BIS) equation. (biomedcentral.com)
Mini Nutritional Assessment6
- The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status, evaluated using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and frailty among older people. (dovepress.com)
- Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). (mdpi.com)
- METHODS: Baseline nutritional status of participants was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). (fil-idf.org)
- Objective: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status and identify the most significant MNA-items (Mini Nutritional assessment) to accelerate the determination of nutritional risk of heart-failure in elderly patients. (sid.ir)
- A total of 103 elderly people in 3 residential homes were interviewed individually using an Arabic version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scale, and anthropometric measurements were carried out to assess nutritional status. (who.int)
- Au total, 103 personnes âgées dans trois maisons de retraite ont été interrogées en entretien individuel en recourant à la version en langue arabe de l'échelle d'évaluation de l'état nutritionnel Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), et des mesures anthropométriques ont été réalisées pour évaluer leur état nutritionnel. (who.int)
- CONCLUSIONS: This group of patients with fractured NOF is likely to be malnourished on admission and to show a rapid deterioration in its nutrition status during admission. (biomedsearch.com)
- Conclusions: Preoperative assessment of the CONUT score is helpful for evaluating patients' nutritional status and mortality risk after liver surgery. (eur.nl)
- Conclusions: Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. (stir.ac.uk)
- The time has come to measure nutritional biomarkers and map nutritional status just as is done for obesity and prevalence of food insecurity . (dsm.com)
- This study aimed to assess the prevalence of picky eating among preschool children and to evaluate the association between eating behavior and growth, physical activity, development, and health status. (frontiersin.org)
- The prevalence of picky eaters in preschool children was high, resulting in significant detrimental impacts on growth, nutritional status, development, physical activity, and health status. (frontiersin.org)
- A cross-sectional survey of 18,621 adults of both sexes living in rural tribal areas of the Dungarpur and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan, India was conducted to correlate the prevalence of osteo-dental fluorosis with nutritional status, living habits, and occupation. (fluoridealert.org)
- The prevalence of nutritional deficiency is very high in patients with bladder cancer, partly because of their disease and partly because of their advanced age-73 years on average. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Regarding high prevalence of vulnerable or malnourished hospitalized elderly, nutritional intervention is necessary. (sid.ir)
- The prevalence of obesity in the lowlands demands addressing diverse nutritional deficiencies in the regions of Bolivia. (lu.se)
- The health status (ie prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, obesity) of the older population studied (aged >65 years) was retrieved from the Mediterranean Islands Study (MEDIS). (rrh.org.au)
Assessment of Nutritional Status3
- Assessment of nutritional status: effects of different methods to determine age on the classification of undernutrition. (who.int)
- Therefore, an assessment of nutritional status should be performed in patients with SSc. (bmj.com)
- In elderly people, assessment of nutritional status is complex and is complicated by multi-morbidity and disabilities combined with nutrition-related problems, such as dysphagia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle weakness. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- The tool most commonly used to assess adults is BMI but this is insensitive to changes in lean muscle mass (LMM), which is a more accurate indicator of change in nutritional status. (ennonline.net)
- The objective of this study is to assess the impact of 2 stratégies aimed to restore a good nutritional status, among patients with slight denutrition. (bioportfolio.com)
- Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. (bioportfolio.com)
- This study was designed to assess the impact of poor nutritional status on outcomes over a 12-month period. (ersjournals.com)
- The aim of this study was to assess the role of nutritional status and racial influences on the severity of acute pancreatitis in children. (ovid.com)
- Objective To assess and analyse nutritional status in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and identify possible associations with clinical symptoms and its prognostic value. (bmj.com)
- The present project was designed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery on clinically-relevant outcomes and to highlight the pros and cons of this therapeutic tool on specific metabolic, cardiovascular and nutritional aspects. (unina.it)
- It is difficult to assess the effect of the oil boom on the nutritional status of the Kuwaiti population because limited data are available to describe the food and nutrition situation before 1979. (who.int)
- To better understand nutrition following LMV, feasibility of performing common measures to assess nutritional status was evaluated. (uwaterloo.ca)
- To assess the nutritional status of children receiving meals provided by the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in Capricorn Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa. (ajol.info)
- Children were interviewed to assess their nutritional status using a validated questionnaire. (ajol.info)
- The nutritional and metabolic status have been related to cancer risk factors as well as to cancer treatment morbimortality. (isciii.es)
- Most patients experienced complications during cancer treatment, but there was no association with nutritional or metabolic status. (isciii.es)
- The intrinsic factors of a person can influence the nutrients metabolic needs, thus affecting the nutritional state. (omicsonline.org)
- To analyze the relationship between the peripheral blood white cells, metabolic changes, and nutritional status of adolescents with and without excess weight and body fat. (scielo.br)
- Therefore, this study aimed to correlate white blood cells to metabolic and nutritional alterations in adolescents with and without excess weight and body fat. (scielo.br)
- Nutritional status is a requirement of health of a person convinced by the diet, the levels of nutrients containing in the body and normal metabolic integrity. (omicsonline.org)
- Despite the proven efficacy of bariatric surgery in improving overall metabolic control and reducing total and cardiovascular mortality, some concerns can be raised regarding two main points: 1) increased glucose variability and 2) alterations of nutritional status. (unina.it)
- the levels of nutrients in the body and the ability of those levels to maintain normal metabolic integrity" [ 6 ] contributes to the older people's health status and risk of many diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
- Hormonal, metabolic and other changes may affect the nutritional status of the elderly, predisposing to deviations from normality. (biomedcentral.com)
Intake and nutritional status2
- C for clinical evaluation, including an assessment of functional, social and mental status, the medical history and the physical examination, and D for dietary history, such as the use supplements and the adequacy of the diet. (nih.gov)
- NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A patient's inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. (medscape.com)
- Nutritional strategies for modifying the clinical course of cognitive failure should consider the use of nutritional screening tools in the multidimensional geriatric evaluation. (unboundmedicine.com)
- The information on socio-demographic profile was collected in all the 20 HHs, while anthropometric data such as weight, height and clinical signs of nutritional deficiency was collected on all the available adolescents in the selected households. (unboundmedicine.com)
- AU - Venkaiah,K, AU - Damayanti,K, AU - Nayak,M U, AU - Vijayaraghavan,K, PY - 2002/11/13/pubmed PY - 2003/4/11/medline PY - 2002/11/13/entrez SP - 1119 EP - 25 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 56 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study the current diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (unboundmedicine.com)
- While anthropometry allow us to monitor and evaluate changes in the nutritional status of PLWHA, its greatest benefit can only be realized as part of a comprehensive monitoring strategy that includes clinical assessment and biochemical tests. (springer.com)
- The Nutritional Risk Index, which incorporates albumin and weight loss, appears to capture both nutritional risk and poor clinical outcome. (ovid.com)
- However, there are no studies that have assessed the effect of nutritional status on clinical outcome in DMD. (ersjournals.com)
- Our results demonstrate the importance of nutritional status in the clinical evolution of orthogeriatric patients throughout the rehabilitation process. (mdpi.com)
- Background Nutritional deficiency is the major clinical sign reported in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), being a consequence of the pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and increased energy requirement. (bmj.com)
- Patients with bladder cancer are two times more likely to have complications after a radical cystectomy procedure if they have a biomarker for poor nutritional status before the operation, according to a study presented at the 2013 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons in Washington, DC. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Cellestis' IFN[gamma]-release assay test) depends on the demographic, clinical and nutritional characteristics of children in whom they are tested. (uio.no)
- The nutritional status model may be useful in nutritional assessment research, as well as in the clinical setting. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
Performed using o1
- Let's work through some nutritional deficiencies. (petmd.com)
- However, few studies have investigated the nutritional status of vegans, who may be at risk of nutritional deficiencies. (nih.gov)
- Nutritional deficiencies have been defined for decades, eg. (dsm.com)
- We show increased anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and indications of poor hygienic conditions in highlands compared with lowlands. (lu.se)
- Deficiencies of selenium and zinc were high among the school children although the deficiencies were not significantly related with their nutritional status. (biomedcentral.com)
- These calls for the need to undertake multicentre studies in various parts of the country to substantiate the data obtained in the present study so that appropriate and beneficial strategies for micronutrient supplementation and interventions on nutritional deficiencies can be planned. (biomedcentral.com)
- Dr. Schuetz and colleagues conducted a secondary analysis of the EFFORT trial, a randomized study testing the effect of early nutritional support on frailty, functional outcomes, and recovery of malnourished hospital patients. (medscape.com)
- Overweight nutritional status (obesity and pre-obesity) was seen in 25% of adult pregnant women and it was associated with increased risk for several adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. (scielo.br)
- Nutritional status is associated with outcomes in DMD. (ersjournals.com)
- This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. (mdpi.com)
- Frequently reported outcomes were weight, height and Fe status. (fil-idf.org)
- Due to compositional differences, further research on fortified milk is warranted before making global recommendations on benefits for growth and nutritional outcomes in young children. (fil-idf.org)
- The PubMed database was systematically searched for studies investigating the effect of nutritional status on postoperative outcomes after RC. (urotoday.com)
- Preoperative assessment of RC patients' nutritional status is a useful tool to predict perioperative and survival outcomes. (urotoday.com)
- Background: Preoperative nutritional status is reportedly associated with postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. (eur.nl)
- This study aimed to investigate the significance of the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as predictors of postoperative outcomes. (eur.nl)
- Assessing nutritional status in elderly patients. (nih.gov)
- The physician can incorporate nutritional assessment of the elderly patient into office practice by considering two questions. (nih.gov)
- TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderly. (unboundmedicine.com)
- The aim of our study was to investigate whether nutritional status is associated with the risk of falling or fracture in community-dwelling elderly. (fil-idf.org)
- The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a poor nutritional status is associated with the risk of falling and of fracture in community dwelling elderly. (fil-idf.org)
- CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status was associated with a higher risk of both falling and fractures in French elderly community-dwellers. (fil-idf.org)
- Conclusion: Regarding the factors related to nutritional status of heart- failure elderly patient, it is indicated that bed sore, the ability of eating, self-view of nutritional status and self-rated health status relative to peers had significant relationship with the nutritional status according to MNA. (sid.ir)
- This model visualizes the complexity of the nutritional status in elderly people. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- Nutritional status is a multifaceted concept and there exist several knowledge gaps in the diagnosis, prevention, and optimization of treatment of inadequate nutritional status in elderly people. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- Nutritional and psycho-functional status in elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- Donini LM, Savina C, Rosano A, Cannella C. Systematic review of nutritional status evaluation and screening tools in the elderly. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- This study aimed to identify the nutritional status of people in residential homes for the elderly in Lattakia, Syrian Arab Republic, and to determine the factors that affected nutritional status in these homes. (who.int)
- Several different methods for nutritional assessment in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant therapy were used, including subjective global assessment (SGA), body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold (TSF), mid-arm circumference (MAC), adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT), hand grip strength (HGS) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). (isciii.es)
- Appropriate methods can detect nutritional deficits in the early stages, allowing the restoration of an adequate nutritional intake in order to improve nutritional status and prevent worsening of the deficiency [ 4 , 5 ]. (omicsonline.org)
- A recent review of the literature and a number of databases on all these measurement techniques was conducted to explore the optimal nutritional assessment methods for HIV positive adults. (ennonline.net)
- However, until today, most of the common nutritional screening and nutritional assessment methods are unreliable in cirrhotic, since the nature and the complications of the disease negatively affect the sensitivity of these methods. (efad.org)
- Methods Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 42 children with CF to represent nutritional status and expressed as a Z-score. (bmj.com)
Older people's health status1
- Several studies have investigated the nutritional status of children and adolescents from different parts of India [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- To study the current diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (unboundmedicine.com)
- TY - JOUR T1 - Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (unboundmedicine.com)
- To test the hypothesis that maternal common mental disorders (CMD) are associated with poorer child nutritional status in four developing countries (Ethiopia, India, Vietnam, and Peru). (bmj.com)
- There was a relation between high maternal CMD and poor child nutritional status in India and Vietnam. (bmj.com)
- In the present study an attempt has been made to report on the nutritional status of the Assamese Muslim women of Dadara and Agyathuri villages of the Kamrup district in Assam, India on their basis of body mass index (BMI) and haemoglobin (hb) content. (schweizerbart.de)
- Influence of Age and Nutritional Status on the Performance of the Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube in Young Children Evaluated for Tuberculosis in Southern India. (uio.no)
Preoperative nutritional factors1
- Individual genetic anomalies influence nutritional status by altering nutrient absorption, but also by dietary restrictions imposed by lactase deficiency . (omicsonline.org)
- The nutritional consequences of an intense activity may occur in the form of iron deficient anemia or deficiency of mineral salts occurring in athletes, marathoners or swimmers. (omicsonline.org)
- A detailed Health Indicator would complement the current Nutritional Status indicator and become a powerful tool to evaluate the state of the environment. (helcom.fi)
- This cluster-randomized trial will evaluate the impact of a multifaceted intervention (including electronic medical alerts) coordinated by a Nutritional Support Team, on adherence to recommended practices for care of starved children, among health personnel of a large university hospital. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nutritional status, dietary intake, nutrition knowledge, and depression of healthy urban men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare these findings with national guidelines and data. (biomedsearch.com)
- We conducted an observational study to evaluate the nutritional state and the nutritional support, which was provided to this group during their stay in hospital. (biomedsearch.com)
- Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the nutritional status of children with CF from the Republic of Moldova. (bmj.com)
- Cox models were used to evaluate the associations between nutritional status and the risks of fall or fracture. (fil-idf.org)
- To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of oral nutritional therapy Serum-Derived Bovine Immunoglobulin (SBI) on nutritional status, epithelial barrier function, and mucosal expression of pivotal genes including tight junction, secretory mechanisms, tissue repair proteins and chemokines in subjects with IBS-D. (mayo.edu)
- The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between multiple micronutrient levels and nutritional status among school children. (biomedcentral.com)
- In patients with high inflammation, a less aggressive nutritional approach may be better, with a slow increase in caloric and protein targets, Dr. Philipp Schuetz of the University of Basel in Switzerland told Reuters Health by email. (medscape.com)
- Patients with lower inflammation levels (may) benefit from early, individualized nutritional support to reach higher caloric and protein targets. (medscape.com)
- All patients were at nutritional risk. (medscape.com)
- Compared with the control group, the 978 patients who received nutritional support showed a significant reduction in 30-day mortality, regardless of CRP level (adjusted odds ratio, 0.61). (medscape.com)
- The authors hypothesize that inflammation itself is preventing these patients with high CRP levels from benefiting from the nutritional therapy intervention," she said. (medscape.com)
- It would also be necessary to understand the 'why' and the 'who' for patients not being responsive to the benefits of nutritional therapy before strategies are implemented. (medscape.com)
- The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between immune functions and nutritional status of HD patients. (hindawi.com)
- Many of the patients in these programmes are malnourished and some require supplementary feeding in order to boost their nutritional status. (ennonline.net)
- However, the current means of measuring nutritional status of adults - body mass index (BMI) - may not be sensitive enough to take into account the physiology of HIV positive patients on ARVs (lean muscle wasting combined with lipodystrophy). (ennonline.net)
- BIA is not a good tool for screening for wasting, but would be a good tool for monitoring changing nutritional status in in-patients. (ennonline.net)
- Determination of Nutrition Risk and Status in Critically Ill Patients: What Are Our Considerations? (bioportfolio.com)
- Most of the patients took Vitamin D supplements which may help to maintain the nutritional balance of Vitamin D. (springer.com)
- Simple anthropometric parameters underestimate the nutritional risk in hospitalized patients. (ovid.com)
- The aim of this study was to elucidate the prognostic value of the preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, a new index based on the total lymphocyte count, serum albumin concentration and total cholesterol concentration, in patients with localized upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. (dovepress.com)
- Which types of feeding tubes are used to support the nutritional and fluid status of patients with pediatric HIV infection? (medscape.com)
- Vulnerable patients with a fractured neck of femur: nutritional status and support in hospital. (biomedsearch.com)
- In order to map nutritional status, in 2009 the Norwegian Directorate of Health issued national professional guidelines for the prevention and treatment of undernutrition, which stressed that all patients admitted to institutions or persons registered with the community nursing services are to be assessed for nutritional risk. (sykepleien.no)
- The purpose of this study was to describe the routines that managers and health care personnel in the community nursing services follow when assessing patients' nutritional status. (sykepleien.no)
- The guidelines stressed that all patients admitted to institutions or registered for community nursing services are to be assessed for nutritional risk (1). (sykepleien.no)
- The purpose of the assessment is to detect patients at nutritional risk as early as possible in order to initiate targeted measures. (sykepleien.no)
- Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. (mdpi.com)
- Poor nutritional status at admission increased the risk of experiencing at least one fall during rehabilitation in orthogeriatric patients. (mdpi.com)
- Considering the nutritional status a potentially modifiable parameter, it is of great importance to identify those patients who may be or already are inadequately nourished, so that nutritional support can be provided. (efad.org)
- Her project focuses on the assessment of the nutritional state of patients with liver cirrhosis. (efad.org)
- The research team evaluated the impact of patients' nutritional status before radical cystectomy on the rate of complications within 30 days after the operation. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- The impact of preoperative nutritional status on post-surgical complication and mortality rates in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: a systematic review of the literature. (urotoday.com)
- Nutritional treatment improved the patients' nutritional status. (bmj.com)
- The gradual deterioration in pulmonary status is associated with a worsening in nutritional status, and patients with end stage disease are often malnourished. (bmj.com)
- Both of them maintained their physique and nutritional status during the terminal stages of disease and there were no adverse effects observed in these 2 patients which could be attributed to ninjinyoueito. (spandidos-publications.com)
- The results suggest that ninjinyoueito may be a supplementary treatment for the maintenance of nutritional status in patients with a chronic respiratory disease accompanied by wasting, such as COPD. (spandidos-publications.com)
- Ishihara H, Kondo T, Yoshida K, Omae K, Takagi T, Iizuka J, Tanabe K (2017) Preoperative Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score as a novel predictive biomarker of survival in patients with localized urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract treated with radical nephroureterectomy. (springer.com)
- To explore and characterize nutrition recovery, I first evaluated: 1) the feasibility of performing common measures of nutritional status during the first seven days following LMV, 2) nutrition intake following LMV, and 3) meal and food intake patterns of patients prescribed non-modified oral diets following LMV. (uwaterloo.ca)
- For all days patients were receiving enteral nutrition (EN), the volume of EN formula delivered could be extracted from the chart. (uwaterloo.ca)
- We observed 16% of patients who received EN while ventilated had it discontinued concomitantly with LMV. (uwaterloo.ca)
- A study published in the work of Olivares, et al (nd) and entitled "Nutritional Status, Food Consumption and Physical Activity Among Chilean School Children: A Descriptive Study" reports the objective of assessing the nutritional status, food consumption and physical activity (PA) habits of Chilean school children, as a baseline for developing an educational intervention. (bartleby.com)
- In this study, a positive correlation between albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as nutritional parameters and immune functions in terms of total and subtype lymphocyte counts was observed. (hindawi.com)
- Comparison of this study to past studies shows that the nutritional status of children has generally improved during a seven-year period. (unicef.org)
- This study highlights the need for nutritional guidance to vegans. (nih.gov)
- This study examines the hypothesis that dairy cow ownership improves child nutritional status. (umn.edu)
- The study will examine if there is a difference in achieving nutritional delivery goal. (bioportfolio.com)
- To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the middle and late pregnancy and analyze the different sources of Vitamin D intake. (springer.com)
- This study describes the nutritional status and parasitic infections of school children in two areas of rural Sri Lanka. (lankalibrary.com)
- A new study shows that the infectious agent responsible for malaria, the Plasmodium parasite, is able to sense its host's nutritional status and actively adapt through changes in gene expression to reduce the number of offspring it produces. (psu.edu)
- This study aimed at assessing WASH practices and its association with nutritional status of under-five children in semi-pastoral communities of Arusha. (ajtmh.org)
- Thus we aimed to study the nutritional status assessment of adolescent school children in Solukhumbu. (nepjol.info)
- There's very little risk in improving nutritional status before the operation and significant possible benefits," said a study coauthor Angela Smith, MD, an assistant professor of urology at UNC. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Study statuses change often. (mayo.edu)
- Bildhaiya GS, Bose G. A comparative study of the health status of infants and pre-school children in rural and urban areas of Jabalpur. (springer.com)
- Krishnamoorthy KA, Radhika Vasantha Devi, Jayam S. A study of non-nutritional factors affecting nutrition of the child in Madras urban slums. (springer.com)
- In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. (lu.se)
- The authors conclude a general trend in the study population of women with high fertility having poor nutritional status. (schweizerbart.de)
- This study aimed at investigating the prognostic value of Preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score in non-metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma of ≤ 7 cm on preoperative imaging. (springer.com)
- It is unclear from this study whether preoperative correction of low albumin levels, such as from nutritional supplementation, will translate to fewer problems after radical cystectomy. (ascopost.com)
- The aim of this study is to describe the anthropometric status and the nutritional intakes in PwID. (dcu.ie)
- While under reporting of nutritional intake is suspected in the study participants this study also highlights the poor diet quality of study participants. (dcu.ie)
- The nutritional status of most subjects in the study was within the acceptable range as indicated by the assessment of growth using anthropometric measurements. (ajol.info)
- Thus, its assessment is important for developing strategies for the promotion, maintenance and / or recovery of nutritional status and cancer outcome. (isciii.es)
- Nutritional status is an important determinant of COPD outcome. (humankinetics.com)
- Each domain has a major impact on nutritional status, which in turn has a major impact on the outcome of each domain. (foodandnutritionresearch.net)
- Nutrition is at a tipping point when it should transition from a preoccupation (obsession) with estimating nutrient intake to assessing nutritional status. (dsm.com)
- One out of three respondents replied that the community nursing services have written procedures for assessing nutritional status. (sykepleien.no)
- Written procedures should be prepared for assessing nutritional status in the municipalities. (sykepleien.no)
- To determine the nutritional status (underweight and overweight) among Meitei children and adolescents. (hindawi.com)
- Demographic variables and nutritional parameters were collected at baseline and one month after effective treatment of SIBO. (nih.gov)
- No statistically significant changes were found in nutritional parameters after treatment. (nih.gov)
- The literature review suggests several techniques and parameters that can be applied to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents from different countries. (scielosp.org)
- Determinants of nutritional status in south-west Uganda. (nih.gov)
Inadequate nutritional status1
- First, is the patient at nutritional risk due to disease, disability or medication? (nih.gov)
- Second, is the patient at risk of disease and disability because of poor nutritional status? (nih.gov)
- Adolescent girls in the rural areas could be at greater risk of nutritional stress because of early marriage and early conception before completion of their physical growth. (unboundmedicine.com)
- In nowadays the estimation of the nutritional status is of high importance, in direct link with health status, therapy recommendations and prediction of diseases risk profile. (omicsonline.org)
- It is important to complete the sentence with laboratory test, a psychological profile, a proper anamnesis , and a food frequency questionnaire, in order to have the best nutritional risk assessment for the patient and to know what will be the next step to follow [ 1 - 3 ]. (omicsonline.org)
- Nutritional risk is associated with the length of stay in hospital. (ovid.com)
- Nutrient status deemed at risk from these two assessments may require further detailed serum analysis. (humankinetics.com)
- Poor nutritional status was significantly associated with a higher risk of both falling and fractures. (fil-idf.org)
- In multivariate models controlled for sociodemographic data and several baseline health indicators, poor nutritional status was significantly associated with a higher risk of falling (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.66, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) 1.35-2.04 in men and HR = 1.20, 95 % CI 1.07-1.34 in women) and with a higher risk of fracture (HR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.09-1.49). (fil-idf.org)
- Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged Children. (foodforthebrain.org)
- Nutritional Status, Food Consumption, and Physical. (bartleby.com)
- In short, you will review different aspects and will learn what the effects are of food consumption patterns and the physiological processes on the body and what that means for the status of its health and illness. (wur.nl)
- Normal nutritional status is managed by balance food consumption and normal utilization of nutrients. (omicsonline.org)
- Generally, a positive linear relationship exists between physical activity level and health status . (bartleby.com)
- Differences in Nutritional and Health Status in School Children from the Highlands and Lowlands of Bolivia. (lu.se)
- The impact of nutritional services provided by a dietician on an older population's health status has not been well evaluated or documented. (rrh.org.au)
- Citation de Roos B, Roos N, Mamun A, Ahmed T, Sneddon AA, Murray F, Grieve E & Little DC (2019) Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. (stir.ac.uk)
- Nutritional habits and physical activity influence the health status of young adults. (springermedizin.de)
- Various forms of physical activity should be proposed to students and they should be encouraged to participate in high level of physical activity so as to promote good health status. (springermedizin.de)
- Nutritional status affects overall health status, work performance potential, and the overall potential for economic development (either in terms of human development or traditional western models) for any given group of people. (wikipedia.org)
- Gender differences, generally seen after puberty , can influence both nutritional growth and metabolism (e.g. higher iron needs in adolescents and fertile women). (omicsonline.org)
- Nutritional status is related to an inflammatory process, and adolescents with excess weight or body fat presented higher amounts of white blood cells. (scielo.br)
- However, studies examining thyroid status in children and adolescents are limited and show inconclusive results. (scielo.org.mx)
Effect of nutritional1
Indicators of Nutritional Status1
- 30 nmol/L) significantly promotes calcium absorption and reduces rickets risks, which was deemed as good Vitamin D nutritional status. (springer.com)
- We find that the only kin to significantly improve the nutritional status of children (apart from mothers) are maternal grandmothers, and that this is reflected in higher survival probabilities of children with living maternal grandmothers. (lse.ac.uk)
- Nutritional status was significantly affected by age, level of education, source of income, duration of stay in the home, number of diseases, number of medicines taken, anthropometric data and teeth and vision problems. (who.int)
- Nutritional status as a predictor of child survival: summarizing the association and quantifying its global impact. (who.int)
- Paternal grandmothers and male kin, including fathers, have negligible impacts on the nutritional status and survival of children. (lse.ac.uk)
- In a prospective open analysis, survival and changes in the nutritional status and energy uptake induced by nutritional treatment were evaluated. (bmj.com)
- In a cross-sectional survey carried out of 4320 children 0-59 months old in South-west Uganda various socio-economic and environmental factors were related to poor nutritional status. (nih.gov)
- This explains why climatic variation, differences in the regions' levels of development and variation in cultural and social characteristics lead to both nutritional characteristics being observed: dietary insufficiency on one hand and dietary excess along with poor eating habits on the other. (unicef.org)
- In this group 66.66% of children were primary diagnosed and the most common sign for suspecting CF was poor nutritional status. (bmj.com)
- Poor nutritional status was identified in very young children (0-2 years) at the moment of diagnosis and in children older than 10 years, who associated lung pathology. (bmj.com)
- Such approach may result poor nutritional status among them. (nepjol.info)
- To improve nutritional status of the children, milk-tofu is strongly recommended. (unikom.ac.id)
- Status assessment results based on evaluation of the indicator 'nutritional status of seals' 2011-2016. (helcom.fi)
- Status evaluation is carried out based on blubber thickness in grey seals. (helcom.fi)
- Threshold values with regard to blubber thickness are not finally determined and no status evaluation is made in the current assessment. (helcom.fi)
- In the current document only the grey seal nutritional status is directly assessed and the status evaluation for the entire Baltic Sea region is extrapolated from data gathered from Finland and Sweden. (helcom.fi)
- Evaluation of nutritional status includes analysis of body composition and diet intake. (humankinetics.com)
- This case demonstrates that routine blood work will not reveal the nutritional adequacy of a diet. (petmd.com)
- Interaction between different medications taken and diet can greatly affect the bioavailability of nutrients and, implicitly, the nutritional status. (omicsonline.org)
- The world's population is ageing and it has been suggested that improvements to health, wellbeing and lifespan can be attributed to improved standards of living, especially regarding diet and nutritional status. (rrh.org.au)
- McKeown put forth the view that the improvements in population health in the industrialised world from the late 1700s to the present are not due to life-saving advancements in the field of medicine or public health, but can be attributed to improvements in overall standards of living, especially in diet and nutritional status, due to better economic conditions 9 . (rrh.org.au)
- The impact of maternal literacy status on the nutritional status of preschool children in Parbhani was studied. (springer.com)
- The nutritional status of 645 male and 635 female preschool children in Kuwait was assessed. (who.int)
- A literature review revealed a serious lack of data describing the nutritional status of preschool children in Kuwait. (who.int)
- Dr. Schuetz said, "The results may explain why nutritional trials have been heterogeneous in the past, particularly in the critical care setting, with some trials showing benefit from nutrition and other showing harm. (medscape.com)
- Disease is a stressful factor on nutritional storage and a barrier against normal nutrition, various pathological conditions interfere with the ingestion, metabolism, absorption, transport or excretion of nutritional factors. (omicsonline.org)
- There is also evidence that the reproductive status of the maternal grandmother influences child nutrition, with young children being taller in the presence of non-reproductive grandmothers than grandmothers who are still reproductively active. (lse.ac.uk)
- Mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) based nutritional supplements are widely used in nutrition as a natural additive. (wikipedia.org)
- With the exception of vitamin C (r=0.58) and DHA (r=0.45) in men, adjusted correlations between reported nutrient intake and biomarker status were r≤0.38. (dsm.com)
- 2. Interventions must provide sufficient nutrient to change status which needs to be quantified by a suitable analysis. (dsm.com)
- 3. The hypothesis must test the effect of a change in nutrient status not just a change in dietary intake. (dsm.com)
- 4. Other nutrients must be optimized to ensure that the test nutrient is the only limiting nutritional factor. (dsm.com)
- Just as per capita food availability does not explain food insecurity , dietary intakes with incomplete and out-of-date food databases are not good assessments of nutrient intake or status. (dsm.com)
- Without consideration of nutrient status, simple treatment vs placebo statistical analyses of randomized, controlled trials are not constructive . (dsm.com)
- These results imply that KIN acts as a nutrient sensor and major regulator of the parasite's ability to respond to nutritional changes. (psu.edu)
Measures of nutritional status1
- Differential maternal behavior in the rat also alters the methylation status of the promoter of the glucocorticoid receptor of her pups ( 17 ). (sciencemag.org)
- I would like to collect some data around maternal nutrtition status in order to build the case for emphasising project components which address this issue. (ennonline.net)
- The paper reviews the trends over three decades in the consumption of cereals, calories and micronutrients and nutritional status based on anthropometric measures using the data sets of NSS, NNMB and NFHS. (repec.org)
- The estimation of nutritional status of children was performed by comparing body weight to height before, on going and after consumption of milk-tofu. (unikom.ac.id)
- I had expected to hear at least a little something on important nutritional supplements such as BCAAs , L-glutamine , essential fatty acids , creatine monohydrate and various other substances which are able to reduce stress-related catabolic agents such as cortisol. (bodybuilding.com)
- Of these 64% were referred to a dietitian and were given nutritional supplements. (biomedsearch.com)