State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
The status of health in rural populations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A tetrameric protein, molecular weight between 50,000 and 70,000, consisting of 4 equal chains, and migrating on electrophoresis in 3 fractions more mobile than serum albumin. Its concentration ranges from 7 to 33 per cent in the serum, but levels decrease in liver disease.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The consumption of edible substances.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Female parents, human or animal.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.
A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.
A change in, or manipulation of, gravitational force. This may be a natural or artificial effect.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Size and composition of the family.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
An environment simulating one or more parameters of the space environment, applied in testing space systems or components. Often, a closed chamber is used, capable of approximating the vacuum and normal environments of space. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988) This also includes simulated EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY studies in atmosphere exposure chambers or water tanks.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.
Child hospitalized for short term care.
Abstaining from all food.
An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.
A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)
The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.
Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
The status of health in urban populations.
Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Methods of giving food to humans or animals.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Surgical construction of an opening into the CECUM with a tube through the ABDOMINAL WALL (tube cecostomy) or by skin level approach, in which the cecum is sewn to the surrounding PERITONEUM. Its primary purpose is decompression of colonic obstruction.
Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
Absence of menstruation.

Maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation in lactating bangladeshi women benefits mothers and infants but does not prevent subclinical deficiency. (1/4438)

The effects of maternal postpartum vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on maternal and infant serum retinol concentrations, modified relative dose-response (MRDR) ratios and breast milk vitamin A concentrations were assessed during a community-based trial in Matlab, Bangladesh. At 1-3 wk postpartum, women were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a single dose of 200,000 international units [60,000 retinol equivalents (RE)] vitamin A followed by daily placebos (n = 74), (2) daily doses of beta-carotene [7.8 mg (1300 RE)] (n = 73) or (3) daily placebos (n = 73) until 9 mo postpartum. Compared to placebos, vitamin A supplementation resulted in lower maternal MRDR ratios (i.e., increased liver stores) and higher milk vitamin A concentrations at 3 mo, but these improvements were not sustained. The beta-carotene supplementation acted more slowly, resulting in milk vitamin A concentrations higher than the placebo group only at 9 mo. Irrespective of treatment group, over 50% of women produced milk with low vitamin A concentrations (/=0. 06. We conclude that while both interventions were beneficial, neither was sufficient to correct the underlying subclinical vitamin A deficiency in these women nor to bring their infants into adequate vitamin A status.  (+info)

A prospective randomized study of megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in gastrointestinal cancer patients with weight loss. (2/4438)

The use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in gastrointestinal cancer patients has been disappointing. The aim of the present study was to compare the combination of megestrol acetate and placebo with megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in the treatment of weight loss in such patients. At baseline, 4-6 weeks and 12 weeks, patients underwent measurements of anthropometry, concentrations of albumin and C-reactive protein and assessment of appetite, performance status and quality of life using EuroQol-EQ-5D and EORTC QLQ-C30. Thirty-eight and 35 patients (median weight loss 18%) were randomized to megestrol acetate/placebo or megestrol acetate/ibuprofen, respectively, for 12 weeks. Forty-six (63%) of patients failed to complete the 12-week assessment. Of those evaluable at 12 weeks, there was a decrease in weight (median 2.8 kg) in the megestrol acetate/placebo group compared with an increase (median 2.3 kg) in the megestrol acetate/ibuprofen group (P<0.001). There was also an improvement in the EuroQol-EQ-5D quality of life scores of the latter group (P<0.05). The combination of megestrol acetate/ibuprofen appeared to reverse weight loss and appeared to improve quality of life in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Further trials of this novel regimen in weight-losing patients with hormone-insensitive cancers are warranted.  (+info)

Leptin and reproduction. (3/4438)

In the few years since leptin was identified as a satiety factor in rodents, it has been implicated in the regulation of various physiological processes. Leptin has been shown to promote sexual maturation in rodent species and a role in reproduction has been investigated at various sites within the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. This review considers the evidence that leptin (or alteration in amount of body fat) can affect reproduction. There is evidence that leptin plays a permissive role in the onset of puberty, probably through action on the hypothalamus, where leptin receptors are found in cells that express appetite-regulating peptides. There is little evidence that leptin has a positive effect on the pituitary gonadotrophs and the gonads. There is also very little indication that leptin acts in an acute manner to regulate reproduction in the short term. It seems more likely that leptin is a 'barometer' of body condition that sends signals to the brain. Studies in vitro have shown negative effects on ovarian steroid production and there are no reports of effects on testicular function. Leptin concentrations in plasma increase in women during pregnancy, owing to production by the placenta but the functional significance of this is unknown. A number of factors that affect the production and action of leptin have yet to be studied in detail.  (+info)

Effects of pre- or postpartum selenium supplementation on selenium status in beef cows and their calves. (4/4438)

The effect of Se supplementation before or after calving on Se status in deficient cows and their calves was studied using 72 beef cows in two experiments. In Exp. 1, cows calving in February or March 1997 were supplemented orally for 15 d in late pregnancy with 13.0, 32.5, or 45.5 mg of Se/d as sodium selenite. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were measured in red blood cells (RBC) or plasma of cows and calves at d 15 and between d 17 and 88 after calving. In Exp. 2, cows calving in January 1997 were supplemented orally with .0, 13.0, or 32.5 mg of Se/d for 15 d postpartum, and calves were injected with 1.38 mg of Se when 2 d old and at an average age of 49 d. The GSH-Px activities were measured in 30-d-old calves and in cows and calves between d 77 and 115 after calving. In both experiments, Se supplementation resulted in adequate Se status for the dams. The increase in RBC GSH-Px activity was faster with 45.5 mg of Se/d, and GSH-Px activities remained high for up to 98 d after the end of supplementation. The improvement in Se status in calves as a result of maternal supplementation was greater in Exp. 1 than in Exp. 2, suggesting that the placental transfer of Se is more efficient than milk transfer. Prepartum oral Se supplementation of deficient beef cows with 13.0 mg of Se/d for 15 d allowed adequate Se status of dams and calves, and 45.5 mg of Se/d resulted in a faster improvement of Se status. Parenteral administration of 1.38 mg of Se to newborn calves did not sustain normal Se status in calves issued from deficient cows.  (+info)

Copper status of ewes fed increasing amounts of copper from copper sulfate or copper proteinate. (5/4438)

The Cu status of mature, crossbred ewes fed two sources (CuSO4 vs. Cu proteinate) and three levels (10, 20, or 30 mg/kg) of dietary Cu was determined in a 73-d feeding trial. Ewes (n = 30) were fed a basal diet containing rice meal feed, cottonseed hulls, cottonseed meal, meat and bone meal, cracked corn, and vitamin-mineral supplements at 2.5% of BW to meet NRC requirements for protein, energy, macrominerals, and microminerals, excluding Cu. The basal diet contained 5 mg/kg Cu, 113 mg/kg Fe, .1 mg/kg Mo, and .17% S. Copper sulfate or Cu proteinate was added to the basal diet to supply 10, 20, or 30 mg/kg of dietary copper in a 2x3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Ewes were housed in 3.7- x 9.1-m pens in an open-sided barn. Blood samples were collected on d 28 and 73. Ewes were slaughtered on d 74, and liver and other tissues were collected to determine Cu concentrations. An interaction (P = .08) occurred between source and level for liver Cu. The interaction existed due to an increase in liver Cu concentrations when ewes were fed increasing dietary Cu from CuSO4 but not when fed Cu proteinate diets. There was no source x level interaction (P>.10) for the blood constituents measured. On d 73, plasma ceruloplasmin activity was greater (P<.05) in ewes fed Cu proteinate than in those fed CuSO4 (33.1 vs. 26.8 microM x min(-1) x L(-1)). Increasing the concentration of dietary Cu did not affect (P>.10) plasma ceruloplasmin. Packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count, whole blood hemoglobin (wHb), plasma hemoglobin, and plasma Cu were similar between sources of Cu. Ewes fed 20 mg/kg Cu had lower (P<.05) PCV, RBC, and wHb than those fed 10 or 30 mg/kg Cu diets. Feeding up to 30 mg/kg Cu from these sources did not cause an observable Cu toxicity during the 73-d period.  (+info)

Biotin status: which are valid indicators and how do we know? (6/4438)

Although estimated average requirements for biotin have been proposed, the human requirements for biotin in specific populations and at various ages remain uncertain, in part because indicators of biotin status have not been validated. With the use of improved methods for measuring biotin and metabolites, a recent study indicated that decreased urinary excretion of biotin and bisnorbiotin is an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency, but decreased serum concentration of biotin is not. Increased urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid (3-HIA), a leucine metabolite that is excreted in increased quantities with deficiency of the biotin-dependent enzyme beta-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, is also an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency. When these indicators were assessed longitudinally in 13 pregnant women, biotin excretion was not significantly decreased early in pregnancy but did decrease significantly from early to late pregnancy. Excretion of 3-HIA was abnormally increased in about three-fourths of the women studied in both early and late pregnancy. Thus, each indicator detected biotin deficiency late in pregnancy, but assessment of biotin status for the two indicators conflicted early in pregnancy. Preliminary results from a trial assessing response of 3-HIA excretion to biotin treatment indicate that biotin status is indeed impaired both early and late in pregnancy.  (+info)

Nutrition and health outcomes associated with food insecurity and hunger. (7/4438)

This paper explores how food insecurity and hunger relate to health and nutrition outcomes in food-rich countries such as the United States. It focuses on two subgroups of the population for whom data are available: women of childbearing age and school-age children. Special consideration is given to examining how food insecurity relates to these outcomes independently of socioeconomic status and poverty. In a population-based sample of women of childbearing age, the least severe level of food insecurity (household food insecurity) was correlated with higher body mass index (BMI), controlling for other available and known influences on obesity including income level. In low income school-age children from two large urban areas of the U.S., risk of hunger and hunger were associated with compromised psychosocial functioning, controlling for maternal education and estimated household income. The nutrition and health consequences of food insecurity comprise a potentially rich area for future, socially relevant research in the field of nutritional sciences.  (+info)

Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (8/4438)

A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.  (+info)

MOREIRA, Ana Catarina et al. Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.951-957. ISSN 1699-5198. Background: Poor nutritional status and worse health-related quality of life (QoL) have been reported in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The utilization of generic and disease specific QoL questionnaires in the same population may provide a better understanding of the significance of nutrition in QoL dimensions. Objective: To assess nutritional status by easy to use parameters and to evaluate the potential relationship with QoL measured by generic and disease specific questionnaires. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment adapted to renal patients (SGA), body mass index (BMI), nutritional intake and appetite. QoL was assessed by the generic EuroQoL and disease specific Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form ...
Advanced cancer patients with poor nutritional status have a diminished quality of life. These findings suggest that there is a need for a comprehensive nutritional intervention for improving nutritional status and quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients under hospice care.
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The study examines the relationships between womens work and child nutritional status (stunting and wasting) of 5331 Nigerian children aged 0-59 months, using data from the 1990 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. In defining womens work, the study considers whether women earned cash from their work and carried their children to work in order to assess the importance of childcare and income, which are the principal pathways through which womens work affects child nutritional status. The study also examines infants and children differently in order to assess the influence of childs age on nutritional status. The results reveal that wasting among infants increased when mothers did not take them to work. Furthermore, mothers work reduced stunting in their children, but the expected positive effect of earning cash from work on childhood nutrition was less visible from the results. Other results from the study revealed that during infancy, having recent episodes of
Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of malnutrition on geriatric rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. This was a retrospective cohort study of 375 patients. Data collected included age, gender, diagnosis at admission, comorbidities, cognitive and nutritional status, functional and physical measurements, length of stay, mortality and falls. Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB).
TY - CONF. T1 - The role of physical activity and nutritional intake on nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer. AU - Sealy, Martine. PY - 2015/6. Y1 - 2015/6. N2 - Malnutrition is a frequent problem in patients with head and neck cancer. Prevention or timely treatment of malnutrition isof great importance because deteriorated nutritional status can have a negative effect on clinical outcome in head andneck cancer patients.Malnutrition is a multidimensional problem, in which a nutritional disbalance causes loss of weight and muscle mass, eitheror not accompanied by inflammatory activity, resulting in functional decline.Thus far, little is known about the role of physical activity in both the development and treatment of malnutrition in cancerpatients. Although positive effects of exercise on fatigue and quality of life have been reported, the relationship betweenphysical activity and prevention and treatment of malnutrition needs to be further elucidated.In this presentation, ...
Nutrition plays an important role in aging and health. Little is documented on the risks of relocation from home to an institution in relation to the nutritional status of the older persons in Kenya and other developing countries. The purpose of the study was to investigate risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in the homes. The objectives of the study were to; establish the risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in these homes and identify the relationship between risks that have an effect on nutritional status. A conceptual framework derived from Help age International publications guided the study. A descriptive survey design using a multi instrument approach was used. All the 69 (sixty nine) older persons aged between 63 (sixty three) and 107 (a hundred and seven) from the two homes whereby 50 (fifty) came from Nyumbani situated in Nairobi while 19 (nineteen) came from Thogoto in Kiambu were used to provide the required data. Data ...
Biota Nutrition services include nutritional profile analysis and customized monthly nutritional coaching. Complimentary Discovery Call.
Weight loss and malnutrition are common in DMD. However, there are no studies that have assessed the effect of nutritional status on clinical outcome in DMD. This study was designed to assess the impact of poor nutritional status on outcomes over a 12-month period.. A retrospective case series study was conducted. All DMD patients over 16 years referred to a tertiary centre were recruited (n = 79; 16-41 years). Nutritional parameters [baseline and current weight, body mass index (BMI)] and feeding routes were assessed in relation to outcome indicators [length of stay (LOS), re-admission and infection episodes)].. BMI was only measured in 34/79 (43%) of patients. The mean (SD) BMI was 20.8 (5.5) kg/m2. Re-admission risk was greater in underweight (BMI,20kg/m2) or overweight (BMI,25kg/m2) compared to normal BMI patients (RR 1.2, 1.43, respectively). Patients admitted to hospital weighed significantly less than non-admitted patients with a median (IQR) of 51kg (39,66) vs. 64kg (50,76; p=0.03). ...
Dietary intake and nutrition statusDefinitionDietary intake refers to the daily eating patterns of an individual, including specific foods and calories consumed and relative quantities. Nutrition status refers to the availability of nutrients and calories in the individuals diet compared to nutrition recommendations for the individuals age group and overall health status. Source for information on Dietary Intake and Nutrition Status: The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health: A Guide for Seniors and Their Caregivers dictionary.
Aim: Rate of obesity is high among patients with type 2 diabetes thus assessment of the nutritional status is often ignored in these patients. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized forpoor glycemic control and to define the risk factors related to malnutrition. Methods: Study included a total of 104 patients (67 female, 37 male, mean age: 65.08 +/- 12.57) who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics for poor glycemic control. Patients nutritional status was evaluated on the first day of admission. Demographic, anthropometric and biochemical data of the cases were evaluated. Nutritional status was assessed with Mini Nutritional Assessment(MNA) test. Results: Malnutrition rate was 7.7%, rate of the patients with malnutrition risk was 18.3% and rate of the patients with normal nutritional status was found as 74%. Body mass index was 25 kg/m(2) or higher in 37.5% of the patients with malnutrition and 63.2% in ...
With the lack of variety in countless nutrition plans and the health of food dependent upon the ever-diminishing nutrients in soil, its no wonder that wed be concerned with nutrient deficiencies. Add regular bouts of exercise, stress and medications to the mix, and all of the sudden we have a recipe for major nutrient scarcity. How do you know if youre deficient in nutrients? Are your lips cracked? You may be deficient in riboflavin, niacin or pyridoxine. Nutrient deficiencies can have a vari
Research Proposal and Specific Aims: Approximately half of pediatric oncology patients experience malnutrition as a direct result of cancer and its treatment. Malnutrition is associated with a twofold increase in mortality and a threefold increase in morbidity (e.g., infections and neutropenia). Previous studies of nutritional risk factors and outcomes have been limited by small sample sizes, an inability to stratify by malnutrition severity, and an inability to evaluate the impact of nutritional interventions such as enteral and parenteral calorie supplementation that are known to improve weight with better cancer outcomes. To improve nutritional outcomes for pediatric cancer patients, there is a critical need to determine which patients are at greatest risk for malnutrition and examine if current, standard-of-care interventions that increase weight also reduce morbidity and mortality.. Supportive care research in pediatric oncology lends itself to new data sources outside of the classic ...
Adequate nutrition is fundamental to the development of a childs full potential. However, the extent to which malnutrition affects developmental and cognitive outcomes in the midst of co-occurring risk factors remains largely understudied. We sought to establish if the effects of nutritional status varied according to diverse background characteristics as well as to compare the relative strength of the effects of poor nutritional status on language skills, motor abilities and cognitive functioning at school age. This cross-sectional study was conducted among school-age boys and girls resident in Kilifi District in Kenya. We hypothesized that the effects of area of residence, school attendance, household wealth, age and gender on child outcomes are experienced directly and indirectly through child nutritional status. The use of structural equation modelling (SEM) allowed the disaggregation of the total effect of the explanatory variables into direct effects (effects that go directly from one
Last month, David was told by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) that he would need to comply with Canadian food labeling standards for what they call simulated meat products in order to maintain distribution of all the products in Canada. According to the CFIA, any food item that takes on tFood Labeling Politics and Vegetarian Meats in Canadahe appearance and quality of a similar traditional animal flesh-based item must emulate the nutritional profile of the similar animal-based item. In other words, the nutritional profile of animal flesh is seen to be the standard in protein, fat and amino acid content as far as the Canadian government is concerned, and no other nutritional profiles that a plant-based meat would normally have are recognized as being valid or legal to sell on Canadian store shelves.. David takes issue with this regulation, and rather than comply with the CFIA as other vegan meat products have done to stay in Canada, he intends to try to work with the government to ...
Objective Adequate nutrition is critical for optimal growth and development. However, young children may be at risk of nutrient deficiencies when transitioning to weaning foods for a variety of reasons. Supplementation with fortified milk may provide potentially lacking essential nutrients, but effects on growth and nutritional status are yet to be established.. Design Five databases were searched for randomised controlled trials using fortified milk against control milk in young children. Outcomes were growth, body composition and/or biochemical markers. Pooled differences in means were calculated for continuous outcomes and odds ratios for binary outcomes. Setting Randomised controlled trials set in any country.. Subjects Otherwise healthy children aged 6-47 months. Results Fifteen articles met the eligibility criteria. Fortification varied from Fe, Zn, vitamins, essential fatty acids, to pre- and/or probiotics. Frequently reported outcomes were weight, height and Fe status. Studies varied in ...
Atıf İçin Kopyala HEPAKSOY S. , CAN H. Z. , Aksoy U., OKUR İ. B. , KILIÇ C. C. , ANAÇ D., et al. Int. Workshop on: Improved Crop Quality by Nutrient Management., İzmir, Türkiye, 28 Eylül 1998, ss.184-190 ...
Cancer patients are particularly susceptible to nutritional depletion due to the combined effects of the malignant disease and its treatment. CRS followed by HIPEC is a major surgical procedure that can further accentuate the risk of nutritional depletion in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis [10, 11, 33]. As a result, timely nutritional assessment and intervention in this patient population might be critical to achieving optimal clinical outcomes including LOS, cost, quality of life, survival and ability to tolerate treatment. In this retrospective study of the first 60 patients at our institution who had CRS and HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis, we investigated the relationship between baseline nutritional status and clinical outcomes. We also conducted a preliminary analysis of clinical outcomes as a function of parenteral nutrition.. There are 2 key findings of our study. Baseline nutritional status, as evaluated using SGA, was predictive of patient LOS. This finding is consistent ...
Ethiopias Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is a large-scale social protection intervention aimed at improving food security and stabilizing asset levels. The PSNP contains a mix of public works employment and unconditional cash and food transfers. It is a well-targeted program; however, several years passed before payment levels reached the intended amounts. The PSNP has been successful in improving household food security. However, childrens nutritional status in the localities where the PSNP operates is poor, with 48 percent of children stunted in 2012. This leads to the question of whether the PSNP could improve child nutrition. In this paper, we examine the impact of the PSNP on childrens nutritional status over the period 2008-2012. Doing so requires paying particular attention to the targeting of the PSNP and how payment levels have evolved over time. Using inverse-probability-weighted regression-adjustment estimators, we find no evidence that the PSNP reduces either chronic ...
True Blood: The Health Benefits of Lab Testing. then seek appropriate medical expertise or adjust their nutrition,. routine at the time of the blood test.It is not necessary to discontinue nutritional supplements prior to this test.. A: Such blood tests are commonly used in alternative medicine circles.Health Testing Centers has been providing affordable blood tests for individuals to take charge of their health for 31 years.All tests are done using a blood sample, except where noted. as well as nutritional status and toxic substance exposure.Compares Acu-Cell Analysis with lab tests in the assessment of trace minerals, flavonoids, Vit B12, stomach acid, thyroid, adrenal and lipid status.Reading the Blood Chemistry Panel:. veterinarians had only a few rudimentary tests for blood chemistry components at their.Accurate blood biomarker analysis plus personalized interventions for nutrition,.However, drink plenty of water and take your medications as prescribed. hormone panels, nutrition and ...
Clinical assessment of nutritional status pdf - Blood tests in the assessment of nutritional status an - Assessment of nutritional status in clinical settings
TY - JOUR. T1 - The interaction between morbidity and nutritional status among children under five years old in cambodia. T2 - A longitudinal study. AU - Hondru, Gabriela. AU - Wieringa, Frank T.. AU - Poirot, Etienne. AU - Berger, Jacques. AU - Som, Somphos V.. AU - Theary, Chan. AU - Laillou, Arnaud. PY - 2019/7/1. Y1 - 2019/7/1. N2 - Even though limited evidence is available, the relationship between morbidity and under-nutrition among children under-five is likely to be a strong two-way association. This study aims to explore this vicious cycle by employing longitudinal data of four periods within a 24 month follow-up, whereby morbidity was captured between two subsequent anthropometric measures. Malnutrition was classified according to z-scores of anthropometric measures and morbidity by number of sick days experienced inbetween. Mixed-effects models were used to assess this relation, where dependency of morbidity and nutritional status were interchanged; models were adjusted for province, ...
JULIAN-ALMARCEGUI, C. et al. The nutritional status in adolescent Spanish cyclists. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.4, pp.1184-1189. ISSN 1699-5198. Introduction: Adolescence is an important period of nutritional vulnerability due to the increased dietary requirements. Objective: To describe the nutritional status of adolescent cyclist and a group of normoactive controls. Methods: The HELENA Dietary Assessment Tool was used to evaluate the nutritional intake of 20 adolescent cyclists and 17 controls. Total energy intake, resting energy expenditure (REE), total energy expenditure (TEE), macronutrients and several micronutrients were registered and compared with dietary guidelines. Results: REE was lower and TEE higher in cyclists than in controls (both P , 0.01). Significant differences were observed in phosphorus and vitamin B1 being higher in cyclists (P , 0.05). Most participants, both cyclist and controls, did not reach the diet requirements ...
Results Patients with SSc had reduced phase angle (PhA) values, body cell mass (BCM), percentages of cells, increased extracellular mass (ECM) and ECM/BCM values compared with healthy donors. Malnutrition was best reflected by the PhA values. Of the patients with SSc, 69 (55.7%) had malnutrition that was associated with severe disease and activity. As assessed by multivariate analysis, low predicted forced vital capacity and high N-terminal(NT)-proBNP values discriminated best between good and bad nutritional status. Among different clinical parameters, low PhA values were the best predictors for SSc-related mortality. BMI values were not related to disease symptoms or mortality. Fifty per cent of patients with SSc had a lower energy uptake related to their energy requirement, 19.8% related to their basal metabolism. Nutritional treatment improved the patients nutritional status. ...
Stinging Nettle powder has a mild earthy taste that is similar to spinach without the strong flavour of iron. Rich in vitamins and minerals, it is a powerhouse of nutrients. It contains: Vitamins A, C and K, as well as several B vitamins. Iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. All of the essential 20 ami
Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Question1. Thefirst sign that raises concern is the patient being received by thedog. The patient is at a risk of tripping and falling. On enteringthe home, the safety of couple should be a top priority. To startwith, I will check on Mrs. Gardners general appearance. Thisassessment will check on her level of consciousness, facial features,skin color, and whether she has any distress or not. Her staringblankly will raise concerns too, and it is good to establish how longshe has been in that state. I will then assess her eyes, feet andensure that she is sitting in a comfortable position considering theleft side is weak. Mobility assessment is also vital as well aschecking for any signs of malnutrition. The skin nails and hairshould be assessed to ensure that they are normal. Quickly, I willtake the vitals, height, and weight.. Question2. Becauseshe has been at the hospital and she is showing no ...
Healthy Mitochondria - A Key to Optimal Health Healthy mitochondria is one of the keys to optimal health and wellbeing. According to Dr. Mark Hyman, Director of the Cleveland Clinic Center for Functional Medicine, when mitochondria are damaged, we suffer from low energy, fatigue, memory loss, pain, rapid aging, and more. One of the most common factors that promote mitochondrial dysfunction is nutrient deficiencies - along with excess refined sugar, toxin exposure, lack of exercise, and the overuse of antibiotics.. Common Nutrient Deficiencies. The most prevalent mitochondrial nutrient deficiencies are those of magnesium, zinc, copper, vitamins A, C, D, B-vitamins, glycine, and taurine. An optimum intake of these and other micronutrients protect highly sensitive mitochondria from free-radical injury (i.e. oxidative stress), promote healthy mitochondrial function, and can reverse mitochondrial dysfunction and aging.. This brings me to one of the key and oft-forgotten mitochondrial nutrients - ...
Practical training: Dietary consumption. 24h recall. Food groups, WHO score individual consumption. Methods dietary habits (FFQ), nutrition history. Global food supply and availability. Database of nutrition content in food and the use in nutrition. Table of nutrition content (as bought, as prepared, edible part,as eaten). Software for method of 24h recall. Calculation of 24h intake in nutrients and energy. Nutrition status. Evaluation of nutrition status,anthropometrical methods, measurement. Evaluation of nutritional status - biochemical methods, cholesterol, HDL, TGs. Forms of dietary guidelines. Breastfeeding - case reports. Osteoporosis - calculation of calcium intake. Obesity - methods of slimming. Cognitive behavioral access. Project of epidemiological study. Preparation of model project. Preparation of intervention and education materials. Current questions in nutrition - function food, fat and sugar substitutes, alcohol in nutrition, GMOs, risks of alternative way of nutrition. Critical ...
The objective of this review was to assess the impact of preventive nutrition interventions on health and nutritional status of adolescents aged 10–19 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We searched the databases until 5 February 2019 without any restrictions on publication, date, language, or publication status. A total of 10 studies (15 papers) including 10,802 participants assessing the impact of micronutrient supplementation/fortification were included in this review. We did not find any study assessing the impact of nutrition education and counseling or macronutrient supplementation among adolescents. Among primary outcomes, we are uncertain of the effect of iron supplementation with or without folic acid on anemia (daily supplementation; relative risk (RR): 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42, 2.57; one study; 1160 participants; low-quality evidence; weekly supplementation; RR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.46, 2.52; one study; 1247 participants; low-quality evidence). We are also
An analysis of the breastfeeding pattern at 3 months of age reveals that 86% and 85.7% of babies were exclusively breastfed in study group and controls respectively, whereas partial breastfeeding was given only in 5.9%and 4.8% respectively. The number of exclusively breastfed infants declined to 52.9% and 78.6% at 6 months in study group and controls respectively. In 1996, study by Abdur-rahiman, Ahmad [7] on effects of maternal nutritional status on the outcome of pregnancy, showed that exclusive breastfeeding was given in 80% of babies during first 4 months which declined to only 10% at six months of age. The increased incidence of exclusive breastfeeding in our study is a reflection of our efforts towards implementing a hospital breastfeeding policy.. The mean weight of babies in the study group (2.04±.36kg) was observed to be constantly below the 5th percentile at birth and during the 6 months follow up. The pattern of serial weight gain in this group is in close agreement with serial ...
Mark has supplied an excellent answer to your question; however, I would question the existence of this category of at risk to be malnourished. Children with z-scores between -2 and -1 are normal and should not be labeled as mildly malnourished, at risk of malnutrition, or given any other label which might imply that they need any targeted nutrition intervention. Although the old Gomez and Waterlow classifications had a mild category, the currently-used definitions of malnutrition using z-scores do not include this category. In a population with normal nutritional status, such as the WHO Growth Standard, statistical theory says that 67% of children fall between -1 and +1 standard deviations and that 95% of children fall between -2 and +2 standard deviations. Subtraction tells us that 14% of children in well-nourished populations are between -2 and -1 standard deviations. Unfortunately, this group of children has been labeled as something other than normal in various reports which then ...
1. Introduction Despite all efforts undertaken both nationally and internationally, poor nutritional status is still a fundamental cause of disease and shortened life-span. Most people are aware that many factors are either directly or indirectly responsible for undernutrition, including insecure food supply, lack of basic education, inadequate health services, deteriorated environment, low income, and inadequate empowerment. The factors contributing to malnutrition vary from community to community. However, poverty is nearly always an underlying factor. To improve the nutritional status and improve living conditions in communities, it is necessary to determine the nature, magnitude and causes of malnutrition. Anthropometric indices are internationally accepted as nutrition key indicators of populations. Additionally, they have been recommended repeatedly as a suitable key indicator for poverty as well. The use of anthropometric indicators is based on the extensively observed phenomena that a ...
Malnutrition is a commonly existing problem at Swedish hospitals and nursing homes. Despite this there is a lack of national guidelines for assessment of and interventions during malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate in which way nutritional status can be assessed on an old multipical ill patient in a hospital or at a nursing home. And what nursing interventions the nursing staff can make to improve patients nutritional status. The chosen method was a literature review which was based on twelve scientific articles. The result shows that a combination of anthropometic measurements, biochemical markers and an assessment tool is required for an adequate estimation of nutritional status. Nursing interventions that could be used by the nursing staff are individually adjusted meal support, in between meal snacks, oral feeding support and dietary records. Further knowledge and research is required to reach national guidelines for nutritional assessment ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Disease related malnutrition is a concern for the critically ill, however there is a paucity of research examining nutrition recovery in survivors of critical illness. Prior to the development of nutrition interventions to enhance recovery from critical illness, a more comprehensive understanding of the nutrition recovery trajectory and factors influencing the early stages of ward-based recovery is required. Thus, the overarching purpose of this thesis was to produce a comprehensive body of work that enhances our understanding of various facets of nutrition recovery in the hospitalized, critically ill patient following liberation from mechanical ventilation (LMV). To explore and characterize nutrition recovery, I first evaluated: 1) the feasibility of performing common measures of nutritional status during the first seven days following LMV, 2) nutrition intake following LMV, and 3) meal and food intake patterns of patients prescribed non-modified oral diets following LMV. The compilation of ...
The nutritional care of patients is one of the primary responsibilities of all registered nurses (Persenius et al, 2008). A poor nutritional status can lead to malnutrition, which can have serious consequences for an ...
In the present study, we provided a snapshot of the nutritional status of CD adolescents in Brazil using instruments and methods that are available at any health facility where such patients might be followed. We found that BMI-for-age and height-for-age were significantly lower in the patients with CD than in the controls, a finding that was consistent with those of Burnham et al. [18], who studied 104 children and young adults with CD evaluated an average of 4 years after the disease had been diagnosed (as was the case in the present study).. In a similar study, Thayu et al. [19] investigated a sample of 78 children and adolescents with CD and found significant changes in growth, pubertal development, and body composition (in particular, lean body mass loss) at diagnosis in comparison with the control group, although they found no differences between the genders. The deficit of lean body mass persisted throughout the follow-up period.. In the present study, caloric intake was found to be lower ...
newmser, please keep your contributions civil. thank you. please feel free to post conflicting research if you have found studies that demonstrate no influence of nutritional status on resistance to hiv-aids. general-discussion-f1/topic39.html#p4760 Personal attacks, which can consist of slightly veiled ...
Protecting areas of the ocean and coastlines with whole-site Marine Protected Area (MPA) status can result in four-fold increases in the abundance and diversity of fish populations, a new study has shown.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
E of 62 yrs., mild to moderate airflow limitation, absent or mild emphysema, absent or mild dyspnoea, normal nutritional status and limited comorbidities. Two
I often find myself looking up the nutrient profiles of the foods I eat. I try to do it on a regular basis, just to see where my diet is lacking. What I usually discover, is that Im deficient in one nutrient or another. You really need to eat a lot of really high quality foods to take in the vitamins and minerals that are recommended by the FDA. And even when you pull that off, its still isnt necessarily enough. The daily recommended values that you see printed on the sides of most food packages, often reflect the minimum nutrients you need, rather than the most optimum nutrient intake.. And I know that Im not alone. Despite the fact that people living in the United States have access to more food than anyone else in the world, or throughout human history for that matter, millions of Americans are still deficient in many different kinds of nutrients. The most common of which include:. Vitamin D. Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiencies are skyrocketing in the US. Because we receive ...
Assessment of nutritional status, pre-operative nutrition supplementation and its impact on the outcome of surgery in gastrointestinal malignancies: a prospective study
The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolescents, 1991 and 1993.: Chinese adolescents have experienced an improvement in diet and nutritional s
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status . TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ever-changing field of nutrition research. Connect with us to stay up-to-date!
Overall aim is to maintain the health of the elderly, nutritional status and quality of life through increased knowledge of staff, and safer practices in the
CAUSES: overeating, eating fast and overly processed foods, eating foods with refined sugars, trans-fats, chemicals, preservatives, not getting in consistent vegetables and fruits, and eating agri-industry meats and poultry.. IF PROBLEM CONTINUES: it can cause people to become overweight, obese, pre-diabetic, diabetic, have high cholesterol and lipids and feel fatigued, tired, depressed, anxious, and have little stamina in life. It can also cause people to crave unhealthy foods.. TO CORRECT: See your healthcare practitioner for a consultation. Suggested Product(s) To Support Nutritional Status:. ...
Wellness to a Tea provides health and wellness coaching in Vancouver, WA and Portland, OR. Read our post, How Stress Can Affect Your Digestion and Nutritional Status.
One or more of the following symptoms can result from an insufficient dietary intake of LACTIC BACTERIA and may be relieved by taking supplementary PROBIOTICS: [ ] Indigestion, bloating after meals [ ] Intestinal gas, especially after sugary foods [ … Continue reading →. ...
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[Comparative analysis of certain nutritional parameters of fat in food rations of various population groups. II. Composition of fatty acids].: Daily food ration
Nutritional status[edit]. Diets deficient in iron, zinc, protein, iodine, B vitamins, omega 3 fatty acids, magnesium and other ... come from a physical and social environment where nutritional levels are low. Previc emphasizes the contribution of nutritional ... CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) ... they are status conscious, manipulative and capable of deception; they can learn to use symbols and understand aspects of human ...
Nutritional status. *Underlying liver disease. *Renal function. *Pregnancy. *Duration and dosage of drug ...
Gibson, R. S. (2005). "Assessment of vitamin B6 status". Principles of Nutritional Assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford ... Leklem, James E (1990). "Vitamin B-6: A Status Report". The Journal of Nutrition. 120 (4): 1503-7. doi:10.1093/jn/120.suppl_ ... PLP is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, so low vitamin B6 status impairs this conversion.[4][5] ... The assessment of vitamin B6 status is essential, as the clinical signs and symptoms in less severe cases are not specific.[22] ...
Tada, Y.; Keiwkarnka, B.; Pancharuniti, N.; Chamroonsawasdi, K. (2002). "Nutritional status of the preschool children of the ... Maternal employment also influences children's nutritional status. For the mothers who work outside, their children are prone ... 2003). "Prevalence & etiology of nutritional anaemia among school children of urban slums". Indian J Med Res. 118: 167-171.. ... The major nutritional problems in slums are protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), vitamin A deficiency (VAD), iron deficiency ...
This increased demand for glutathione (GSH) in cystic fibrosis may be limiting if nutritional status is compromised. We sought ... Values were compared with nutritional status and lung parameters.. Results: At baseline there were no significant differences ... A survey of COG institutions revealed lack of conformity in evaluation and categorization of nutritional status, and criteria ... The nutritional efficiency of these diets was normal and similar. The immune response of mice fed the L diets, was found to be ...
3.1.1 Nutritional guidelines. *3.2 Finland *3.2.1 History. *3.2.2 Current status ... Nutritional guidelines. Nutritional guidelines for Estonian school meals are based on the Estonian food pyramid. At the ... Current status. Chicken, sweet and spicy baked beans, and glazed carrots were part of the new recipe served to students in ... Current status. As of 2004, 99% of elementary school students and 82% of junior high school students in Japan ate kyūshoku ( ...
The values given in the nutritional labels for total fat, saturated fat, and trans fat do not include those present in mono- ... Sonntag, Norman O. V. (1982). "Glycerolysis of fats and methyl esters - Status, review and critique". Journal of the American ... Flickinger, Brent D.; Matsuo, Noboru (February 2003). "Nutritional characteristics of DAG oil". Lipids. 38 (2): 129-132. doi: ...
Pettifor JM (2004). "Nutritional rickets: deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or both?". The American Journal of Clinical ... "Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D". Osteoporosis International. 20: 1807-1820. doi:10.1007/s00198- ... In China, a combination of vitamin D, calcium and nutritional counseling was linked to a decreased risk of rickets. With this ... Weisberg, P.; Scanlon K.S., Ruowei L., Cogswell M.E. (2004). "Nutritional rickets among children in the United States: review ...
Peña E, Sánchez A, Solano L (2003). "Profile of nutritional risk in pregnant adolescents". Archivos latinoamericanos de ... statistics on the mother's marital status are determined by whether she is married at the end of the pregnancy, not at the time ... Many pregnant teens are at risk of nutritional deficiencies from poor eating habits common in adolescence, including attempts ... "Calcium and vitamin D status of pregnant teenagers in Maiduguri, Nigeria". Journal of the National Medical Association. 89 (12 ...
Branda RF, Nigels E, Lafayette AR, Hacker M (1998). "Nutritional folate status influences the efficacy and toxicity of ... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... "Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 2013 (59): S67-S82.. *^ "Federal Register May 27, 2016 Food Labeling: Revision ... National Institutes of Health (U.S.) nutritional recommendations[8] (µg DFE per day for RDA, µg folic acid for UL) Age Infants ...
Branda RF, Nigels E, Lafayette AR, Hacker M (1998). "Nutritional folate status influences the efficacy and toxicity of ... National Institutes of Health (US) nutritional recommendations[70] (µg DFE per day for RDA, µg folic acid for UL) Age Infants ( ... A sub study of the Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study published in 2009 reported use of a nutritional ... Dietrich, M; Brown, CJ; Block, G (2005). "The effect of folate fortification of cereal-grain products on blood folate status, ...
Palmer DL, Koster FT, Alam AK, Islam MR (July 1976). "Nutritional status: a determinant of severity of diarrhea in patients ...
Sonntag, Norman O. V. (1982). "Glycerolysis of fats and methyl esters - Status, review and critique". Journal of the American ... Polyglycerol polyricinoleate Monoglyceride Diglyceride Flickinger, Brent D.; Matsuo, Noboru (February 2003). "Nutritional ...
... a gut-secreted protein displaying nutritional status-dependent regulation". The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 23 (11): ...
2009). "Iodine Nutritional status of children on the Island of Tanna Republic of Vanuatu". Public Health Nutrition. 12 (9): ... 2008). "Iodine Nutritional status in Tibet". Lancet. 372 (9642): 887-888. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61389-6. PMID 18790302. ... Eastman, CJ.; Li, M.; Tommaso Cavalli-Sforza, l. (2008). "Iodine nutritional status in Tibet". The Lancet. 372 (9642): 887-888 ... "Iodine nutritional status of children on the island of Tanna, Republic of Vanuatu". Public Health Nutrition. 12 (9): 1512-1518 ...
O'Connell, Joan; Manson, Spero; Yi, Rong; Acton, Kelly; Wilson, Charlton (2010). "Racial Disparities in Health Status" (PDF). ... whose nutritional value differs greatly from that of traditional Native foods. Research shows that this trend may be amplified ... a 1997 study released by the American Society for Nutritional Services found that 22.9% of Navajo people aged 20 or over had ...
Some status differences in society do not necessarily mean radically different nutritional levels; Powell did not find evidence ... Powell, M.L. Status and Health in Prehistory: A Case Study of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington, DC: Smithson Inst., 1988. ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Higher rates of cribia orbitalia among females may indicate lesser health status, or greater survival of young females with ...
Several scientific studies confirmed that changes in baseline nutritional status affects skin condition. [50] ... Prausnitz, M.; Mitragotri, S.; Langer, R. (February 2004). "Current Status and Future Potential of Transdermal Drug Delivery". ...
"NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Adults". Retrieved 26 November 2009. Kanjilal, B; et al. (2010). "Nutritional Status of Children ... religion and caste affect the nutritional status of Indians. Living in rural areas also contribute to nutritional status. In ... "NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Children". Retrieved 26 November 2009. "Nutrition and Anaemia" (PDF). Retrieved 26 November 2009. ... Kanjilal, Barun; Mazumdar; Mukherjee; Rahman (January 2010). "Nutritional status of children in India: household socio-economic ...
... nutritional taboos and traditional birth practices; son preference and its implications for the status of the girl child; ... "Married Women's Status Bill, 1956-Second Stage: Minister for Justice (Mr. Everett)". Oireachtas. 16 January 1957. "Modern & ... This period also witnessed significant changes to women's property rights, particularly in relation to their marital status. ( ... "The progress of organised society is judged by the status occupied by married women". In France, married women obtained the ...
It also varies with nutritional status. The formulae for the derived measures are based upon an assumption that the arm is ... Factors influencing the bone, fat, and muscle composition of the upper arm include age, sex, nutritional status, fitness ... The derived measures attempt to provide better indicators of body composition and nutritional status than the principal ... Babette Zemel (2007). "Assessment of Growth and Nutritional Status in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease". In Petar Mamula; ...
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... Yudkin, John (16 September 1944). "The Nutritional Status of Children and Mothers of Industrial Towns". The Medical Officer. ... p. 1. Yudkin, John (1944). "Nutritional Status of Cambridge School-Children". British Medical Journal. ii (4362): 201-214. doi: ... The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of ...
The nutritional status has improved over the two decades among the children in Nepal. The decreasing trends of stunting and ... with the mission to improve the overall nutritional status of children, women of child bearing age, pregnant women, and all ... Nepal has achieved polio free status in 27 March in 2014. Neonatal and maternal tetanus was already eliminated on 2005 and ... "Infectious Diseases and Malnutrition Status in Nepal: an Overview" "annual health report" (PDF). Retrieved 11 ...
These statuses must indicate the reason for the assignment of such a status, which is generally concerns surrounding the ... Sciences, corporatename=CSIRO Food and Nutritional. "CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences". Retrieved 30 ... Notification of this status is then available to buyers with an NLIS account, which grants users access to the NLIS database. ... If M&LA fails to do so, the MDC no longer holds an 'approved donor' status and will not be eligible for matched research and ...
Maternal employment also influences children's nutritional status. For the mothers who work outside, their children are prone ... "Nutritional status of the preschool children of the Klong Toey slum, Bangkok". The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine ... Low socioeconomic status of its residents is another common characteristic attributed to slum residents. Slums are often placed ... In Ethiopia and the Niger, rates of child malnutrition in urban slums are around 40%. The major nutritional problems in slums ...
"The 2nd National Health and Nutritional Status Survey (NHANSS)" (PDF). Ministry of Health Brunei Darussalam. 2014. p. 59. " ... Dettwyler KA (July 1992). "Nutritional status of adults in rural Mali". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 88 (3): 309- ... "National nutritional survey for adult Bahrainis aged 19 years and above" (PDF). Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Bahrain. 2002. ... "Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese Residents (2020)". 2020. Cite journal requires ,journal= ( ...
Ange-van Heugten, K.; Timmer, S.; Jansen, W.L.; Verstegen, M.W.A. (2008). "Nutritional and health status of woolly monkeys". ...
"Assessment of vitamin B6 status". Principles of Nutritional Assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 575- ... PLP is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, so low vitamin B6 status impairs this conversion.[4][5] ... Leklem JE (November 1990). "Vitamin B-6: a status report". The Journal of Nutrition. 120 Suppl 11 (4): 1503-7. doi:10.1093/jn/ ... The assessment of vitamin B6 status is essential, as the clinical signs and symptoms in less severe cases are not specific.[23] ...
Surgery directly affects nutritional status if a procedure permanently alters the digestive system.[47] Enteral nutrition (tube ... Surgery affects nutritional status indirectly, particularly during the recovery period, as it can interfere with wound healing ... Loss of hope, status or social contact and spiritual distress can cause depression, which may be associated with reduced ... but earlier nutritional interventions have not been shown to have a significant impact.[59] ...
... at the request of the Systems Development Foundation to provide a summary of the current status of a field which until that ...
The nutritional status of a mother during fetal development may also play a role, with one proposed mechanism being that of DNA ... Davis N, Forbes B, Wylie-Rosett J (June 2009). "Nutritional strategies in type 2 diabetes mellitus". The Mount Sinai Journal of ... Pasquier F (October 2010). "Diabetes and cognitive impairment: how to evaluate the cognitive status?". Diabetes & Metabolism. ... Diseases of the endocrine system (ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Endocrine diseases, E00- ...
Nutritional medicine, and Yoga.[147] Ayurvedic medicine remedies are mainly plant based with some use of animal materials.[148] ... "Chapter 2: Overview of CAM in the United States: Recent History, Current Status, And Prospects for the Future". Final Report ... "nutritional supplements".[74] Only a very small percentage of these have been shown to have any efficacy, and there is little ... nutritional supplements'.... Only a tiny minority of these remedies have been shown to have mild-to moderately beneficial ...
It is thought that wild foods can have a significantly different nutritional profile than cultivated foods.[117] The greater ... Jared Diamond suggests that the status of women declined with the adoption of agriculture because women in farming societies ... Archaeological evidence from art and funerary rituals indicates that a number of individual women enjoyed seemingly high status ...
General appearance of the patient and specific indicators of disease (nutritional status, presence of jaundice, pallor or ... Social history (SH): birthplace, residences, marital history, social and economic status, habits (including diet, medications, ...
Foolad, M. R. (2007). "Current Status Of Breeding Tomatoes For Salt And Drought Tolerance". Advances in Molecular Breeding ... Tomatoes have been altered in attempts to add nutritional content. In 2000, the concentration of pro-vitamin A was increased by ... Goyal, R.; Ramachandran, R.; Goyal, P.; Sharma, V. (2007). "Edible vaccines: Current status and future". Indian Journal of ...
Nutritional InformationEdit. I see a few websites selling Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (aka Klamath Lake Algae) as a nutritional ... An effort to reconcile the status of this group of bacteria has been underway for several decades. Although some progress has ... Does anyone have any nutritional information they can post in the article? 09:37, 8 February 2007 (UTC) ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b c d Haynes MJ, Vincent K, Fischhoff C, Bremner AP, Lanlo O, Hankey GJ ... including nutritional supplements, acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal remedies, and biofeedback.[21] ... Chapman-Smith D (2000). "Current status of the profession". The Chiropractic Profession: Its Education, Practice, Research and ... "Institutions holding Accredited Status with the ECCE". European Council On Chiropractic Education. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2014- ...
McLaren L. Socioeconomic status and obesity. Epidemiol Rev (Review). 2007, 29: 29-48. PMID 17478442. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxm001. ... nutritional and metabolic diseases, and immunity disorders#Other metabolic and immunity disorders (270-279))) ... Socioeconomic status and obesity: A review of the literature. Psychol Bull (Review). 1989-03, 105 (2): 260-75. PMID 2648443. ... Neovius K, Johansson K, Kark M, Neovius M. Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review. Obes Rev (Review). 2009-01, 10 ( ...
... coli can produce butanol with minimal nutritional supplementation.[37] ... "Liquid Transport Biofuels - Technology Status Report", National Non-Food Crops Centre, 2008-04-14. Retrieved on 2009-05-11. ... "Renewables 2011: Global Status Report" (PDF). pp. 13-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-05. Retrieved 2015-01-03 ...
a b Bogucki, Z. (1976). Status of the White-tailed Eagle in Poland. In W: Report of WWF symposium on the White-tailed Eagle (pp ... are preferred since they have the highest nutritional benefit. Fish taken can exceed 0.9 to 1 m (3.0 to 3.3 ft) but since they ... a b Imler, R. H., & Kalmbach, E. R. (1955). The Bald Eagle and its economic status (Vol. 30). US Government Printing Office. ... Current statusEdit. A white tailed eagle was shot in the winter of 1857 at Stolford in Bridgwater Bay and subsequently ...
34.0 34.1 Davis N, Forbes B, Wylie-Rosett J (June 2009). "Nutritional strategies in type 2 diabetes mellitus". Mt. Sinai J. Med ... Pasquier, F (2010 Oct). "Diabetes and cognitive impairment: how to evaluate the cognitive status?". Diabetes & metabolism 36 ...
Flatz G, Rotthauwe HW (1971). "Evidence against nutritional adaption of tolerance to lactose". Humangenetik. 13 (2): 118-25. ... depending on health status and pregnancy.[47][48] However, as a rule of thumb, people with primary lactase deficiency and no ...
Asthma (Status asthmaticus. Aspirin-induced. Exercise-induced. Bronchiectasis. Cystic fibrosis. unspecified. Bronchitis. ... Ferreira IM, Brooks D, White J, Goldstein R (December 2012). Ferreira IM (ed.). "Nutritional supplementation for stable chronic ...
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services XXII U00-U99 Codes for special purposes ... Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases V F00-F99 Mental and behavioural disorders ...
The Governing Committee has determined that the most appropriate legal status for the GDLN AP in Thailand is a "Foundation". ... nutritional and educational levels for tens of millions of children in Asia, Latin America, and Africa".[21] ... The World Bank is currently engaging a solicitor in Thailand to process all documentation in order to obtain this legal status ...
Due to their lower social status, girls are far more at risk of malnutrition than boys their age. Partly as a result of this ... Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), also known as protein-calorie malnutrition Iron deficiency: nutritional anaemia which can ... ". "Chronic hunger and the status of women in India". Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. [1]. Retrieved on 2015- ...
Since it was the only way to university education and entrance was heavily affected by the status and choices of parents, it ... which covers about a third of the daily nutritional need.[29] In addition, pupils are entitled to receive free books and ... In Finland, "Reading to children, telling them folk tales, and going to the library are all high status activities," Leo R. ... "Percent of high school dropouts (status dropouts) among persons 16 to 24 years old, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1960-2003". Nces ...
"nutritional value of insects for human consumption" (PDF). FAO. Retrieved 1 April 2015.. ... status and covering about half the country by March 2013.[27] Species such as the Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis ... Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Contents and Nutritional Value of Protein". College of Foods and Agricultural Science. King Saud ... "The Nutritional Value of Locusts". Retrieved 12 April 2015 ...
... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010: Water-Soluble Vitamins Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2013( ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part II". Retrieved October 27, 2011.. *^ Prockop DJ, Kivirikko KI (1995). "Collagens: ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part I". Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2011.. ...
... important for women in developing countries where breastfeeding is essential for the child's overall nutritional status. It is ...
"Observations of synaptic structures: origins of the neuron doctrine and its current status". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol ...
Help bring these Top Importance articles currently B Status or below up to GA status: Agaricus bisporus (i.e. mushroom), Beef, ... The following text was removed from the Nutritional facts section:. According to the protein combining theory, it was thought ... Bring these Top Importance articles currently at GA status up to FA status: Beer, French cuisine, Sugar ... Bring these High Importance articles currently at GA status up to FA status: Apple, Burger King, Fish ...
... to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Some results are reported as What We ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010: Water-Soluble Vitamins Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2013( ... "Listing of Food Additives Status Part II". Retrieved 2011-10-27.. *^ Prockop DJ, Kivirikko KI (1995). "Collagens: molecular ... The richest natural sources are fruits and vegetables.[4] Vitamin C is the most widely taken nutritional supplement and is ...
In 1887, U.S. tariff laws that imposed a duty on vegetables, but not on fruit, caused the tomato's status to become a matter of ... nutritional value, and numerous other traits.[citation needed] ... their habit of growing to the ground suggested low status. They ... and other metabolites that are sensory and nutritional assets of the ripe fruit. The potent chloroplasts in the dark-green ... "A systematic review of dietary, nutritional, and physical activity interventions for the prevention of prostate cancer ...
On the other hand, if FAD is added and AC is , 1.2, then riboflavin status is considered acceptable.[10] Tillotson and Bashor[ ... Brody, Tom (1999). Nutritional Biochemistry. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-134836-9. OCLC 162571066.. ... Long term vitamin status and dietary intake of health elderly subjects. I. Riboflavin. British J. of Nutr., 1979; 42:33-42 ... An AC of 1.2 to 1.4, riboflavin status is considered low when FAD is added to stimulate enzyme activity. An AC , 1.4 suggests ...
... based only on nutritional resources provided by the female parent. The female must get enough energy for her needs, for the ... of important populations of major tsetse vectors will be covered several times by the benefits of tsetse-free status.[12] Area- ... carried out by independent experts and the Department of Veterinary Services of Zanzibar has confirmed the tsetse-free status ...
... to assess the health and nutritional status of Americans. This survey combines personal interviews with standardized physical ... NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health ... The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) provides information on the health status of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized ...
Assessing nutritional status in elderly patients.. Dwyer JT1, Gallo JJ, Reichel W. ... is the patient at risk of disease and disability because of poor nutritional status? The four primary components of the ... The physician can incorporate nutritional assessment of the elderly patient into office practice by considering two questions. ... First, is the patient at nutritional risk due to disease, disability or medication? Second, ...
A Study On Nutritional Status Of Rural Adolescent Girls. 1544 Words , 7 Pages A Study on Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescent ... The Nutritional Status Of Children. 1650 Words , 7 Pages Concept of Healthy Children: The nutritional status of children below ... Nutritional Intake And Physical Activity. 983 Words , 4 Pages * The Food Intake Is A Major Determinant Of Nutritional Status ... More about Nutritional Status, Food Consumption, and Physical Activity Among Chilean School Children: A Descriptive Study. * ...
A patients inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a ... Cite this: Inflammatory Status Upon Hospital Admission Tied to Nutritional Support Response - Medscape - Mar 23, 2020. ... A patients inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a ... "In patients with high inflammation, a less aggressive nutritional approach may be better, with a slow increase in caloric and ...
Home » Nutritional status in northern Nigeria: evidence graph. Nutritional status in northern Nigeria: evidence graph 19th ...
... Hayriye Sayarlioglu,1 Reha Erkoc,1 Cengiz Demir,2 ... The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between immune functions and nutritional status of HD patients. We ... In this study, a positive correlation between albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as nutritional parameters and ...
Specialisation Nutritional Physiology and Health Status. Do you ever wonder what the influence of food is on the functioning of ... the effects are of food consumption patterns and the physiological processes on the body and what that means for the status of ...
IRN 1999/002: The Nutritional Status of Children. Executive summary. Background. During the last twenty years, the public ... Comparison of this study to past studies shows that the nutritional status of children has generally improved during a seven- ... levels of development and variation in cultural and social characteristics lead to both nutritional characteristics being ...
... serve as indicators for the nutritional status of the whole population. Together, data on food insecurity and nutritional ... Nutritional and Health Status of Children During a Food Crisis --- Niger, September 17--October 14, 2005. ... Second, food distributed by relief programs might have improved the nutritional status of some children and obscured the extent ... that will improve the health and nutritional status of children in Niger. References ...
PubMed journal article Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderl were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime ... Nutritional status in hospitalized elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment.. *Nutritional strategies for successful ... Nutritional Status. Obesity. Prevalence. Weight Loss. beta-Thalassemia. Pub Type(s). Journal Article. Language. eng ... TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderly. AU - Donini,L M, AU - De Felice,M R, AU - Cannella ...
... or recovery of nutritional status and cancer outcome. Material and methods: Several different methods for nutritional ... Introduction: The nutritional and metabolic status have been related to cancer risk factors as well as to cancer treatment ... The occurrence of complications during cancer treatment versus the nutritional status was assessed. Results: We followed 78 ... Nutritional and metabolic status of breast cancer women. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.751-758. ISSN 1699-5198. ...
Eating behaviors, nutritional status, and menstrual function in elite female adolescent volleyball players.. Beals KA1. ... Nutritional status, eating behaviors and menstrual function was examined in 23 nationally ranked female adolescent volleyball ... while marginal vitamin B12 status (,200 pg/ml) and vitamin C status (,28 mmol/L) were found in 1 and 4 athletes, respectively. ... Iron (Fe), vitamins C, B12, and Folate status were assessed using serum and whole blood. Mean El (2248 +/- 414 kcal/d) was less ...
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... Methylation status of cytosines in CpG dinucleotides of dynactin p62. The percentage of methylation for individual CpGs is ...
Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... "Diet and Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescents in India." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 11, 2002, pp. ... Diet and Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescents in India. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(11):1119-25. PubMed PMID: 12428178. ... Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India.. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov; 56(11):1119-25.EJ ...
Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. By R. Kucharski, J. Maleszka, S. Foret, R. ... Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... that the use of that information can be differentially altered by nutritional input, and that the flexibility of epigenetic ...
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status . TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ever-changing ... Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status *11 *Multivitamin-Mineral Supplements, Insuring Nutritional Status and ... Wow, Measuring Nutritional Status is Insightful *Nutrition is Affected by Socioeconomic Status - Where is the Sense of Urgency? ... Measuring Biomarkers to Evaluate Nutritional Status *A What-If Kind of Day… *Suboptimal Vitamin E Status may be Affecting ...
Why Blood Work Cant Evaluate Your Pets Nutritional Status: Case Study. An English Bulldog was admitted to the teaching ... Only diet analysis can determine the nutritional status of a diet. Simply feeding a variety of meats, carbohydrates, oils, ... The Bottom Line on Blood Testing for Nutritional Deficiencies. It is generally near end-stage dysfunction (again, like our ... This case demonstrates that routine blood work will not reveal the nutritional adequacy of a diet. ...
Nutritional status evolution [ Time Frame: At least 2 days depending on the hospitalisation time ]. *Mean length and cost of ... Preventing Malnutrition and Restoring Nutritional Status in Hospitalized Children (PREDIRE). The safety and scientific validity ... Appropriate call-in Nutritional Support Team [ Time Frame: At least 2 days depending on the hospitalisation time ]. ... Experimental: Nutritional Support Team Procedure: Access to a Computerized Clinical Decision Support System (CCDDS) Automatic ...
... BMC Public Health. 2007 Jan 3;7:2. doi: 10.1186/ ... We evaluated anthropometric measurements and nutritional status as they relate to age and gender in healthy elderly people. ... Background: Anthropometric evaluation is an essential feature of geriatric nutritional evaluation for determining malnutrition ...
NUCCI, Luciana Bertoldi et al. Nutritional status of pregnant women: prevalence and associated pregnancy outcomes. Rev. Saúde ... CONCLUSIONS: Overweight nutritional status (obesity and pre-obesity) was seen in 25% of adult pregnant women and it was ... Nutritional status was defined using body mass index (BMI), according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Odds ratios ... Keywords : Obesity; Pregnancy complications; Body mass index; Nutritional status; Prevalence; Prenatal care; Risk factors; ...
... in direct link with health status, therapy recommendations and prediction of diseases risk pro.. ... In nowadays the estimation of the nutritional status is of high importance, ... In nowadays the estimation of the nutritional status is of high importance, in direct link with health status, therapy ... allowing the restoration of an adequate nutritional intake in order to improve nutritional status and prevent worsening of the ...
... nutritional parameters and acid-base status. Other limitations were the small sample size and the lack of nutritional ... Periodic monitoring of nutritional status should be part of the follow-up of patients on dialysis, being fundamental to prevent ... The association between nutritional status assessed by the lean body mass index and bicarbonate was not evaluated in previous ... Acidosis and nutritional status in hemodialyzed patients. French Study Group for Nutrition in Dialysis. Semin Dial 2000;13:241- ...
Burgin J, Nichols S, Dalrymple N. The nutritional status of clinic attendees living with HIV/AIDS in St Vincent and the ... While anthropometry allow us to monitor and evaluate changes in the nutritional status of PLWHA, its greatest benefit can only ... Nichols S., Dalrymple N., Francis M. (2012) Use of Anthropometry in Monitoring the Nutritional and Health Status of Persons ... To ensure accuracy of the data generated, anthropometric measures of nutritional status in PLWHA should be highly sensitive, ...
Fatty acids as biomarkers for health status and nutritional intake: focus on dairy and fish. Pranger, I. G., 2019, [Groningen ...
Social and demographic determinants of nutritional status have been fitted into a logistic model. Results: The prevalence of ... Objective: To describe the social and demographic determinants of the nutritional status among women in Bolivia between 1989 ... found that the nutritional status of male students was poorer than the female students. A better nutritional status of women ... Table 2 Differences in nutritional statusa of Bolivian women between 1994 and 1998 according to BMI. Full size table. ...
en-net: Nutritional status and vulnerability of older adults/older people (aged 50 +). Happy New Year to En-net colleagues, I ... Assessing nutritional status in HIV positive adults. Summary of published research1. Humanitarian agencies are starting ... FEX: Nutritional status and handgrip strength in older refugees. Summary of research1 Handgrip strength measurement in the ... BIA is not a good tool for screening for wasting, but would be a good tool for monitoring changing nutritional status in in- ...
This study highlights the need for nutritional guidance to vegans. ... However, few studies have investigated the nutritional status of vegans, who may be at risk of nutritional deficiencies. ... Food and Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status of Finnish Vegans and Non-Vegetarians PLoS One. 2016 Feb 3;11(2):e0148235. doi ... Nutritional status was assessed by measuring biomarkers in plasma, serum, and urine samples. Vegans (n = 22) data was compared ...
... associated with a bad oral and dental status. Yet, many eld... ... Improvement of Nutritional Status in Elderly Residents of Long- ... Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the ... The objective of this study is to assess the impact of 2 stratégies aimed to restore a good nutritional status, among patients ... More From BioPortfolio on "Improvement of Nutritional Status in Elderly Residents of Long-term Facilities". *Related Companies* ...
Aside from the dietary intake and nutritional status of children, social and environmental influences have a major impact on ... Further studies on the effect and mechanism of pineapple and its component on nutritional status and immunology are also ... nutritional status, and physical health of ninety-eight (98) school children with mean age of . The study participants were ... Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School ...
To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes... ... To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the middle and late ... Using a new assessment technique, we investigated Vitamin D nutritional status among outpatients with GDM in our hospital, and ... Investigation of the vitamin D nutritional status in women with gestational diabetes mellitus in Beijing. ...
Would Nutritional Status Maps Influence where you Choose to Live?. TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ... Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status *11 *Multivitamin-Mineral Supplements, Insuring Nutritional Status and ... Wow, Measuring Nutritional Status is Insightful *Nutrition is Affected by Socioeconomic Status - Where is the Sense of Urgency? ... Measuring Biomarkers to Evaluate Nutritional Status *A What-If Kind of Day… *Suboptimal Vitamin E Status may be Affecting ...
  • A Study on Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescent Girls of Mangrop, Bhilwara District Nutritional status of Adolescent girls Vishakha Sharma1 and Vishakha Singh2 Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur 313001 Rajasthan (India) E-mail- [email protected], [email protected] KEYWORDS Body mass index, Dietary intake, Food Groups, Malnutrition, Nutrient Intake. (
  • Anthropometric evaluation is an essential feature of geriatric nutritional evaluation for determining malnutrition, being overweight, obesity, muscular mass loss, fat mass gain and adipose tissue redistribution. (
  • SGA was originally developed to determine which patients need extra nutritional support following surgery for gastrointestinal problems and relies on a combination of patient history, clinical signs of malnutrition and assessment of muscle function using handgrip strength. (
  • The Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Nutritional Risk Screening are simple screening tools that identify patients who require further monitoring. (
  • The Subjective Global Assessment is useful at detecting patients with established malnutrition and the Mini Nutritional Assessment for the elderly is useful at detecting patients who need preventive nutritional measures. (
  • Using the hospitals own nutritional risk assessment tool 56% of patients were found to be at risk of malnutrition on admission, which increased to 68% after 2-3 weeks. (
  • Undernutrition, or PEM (protein-energy malnutrition) as it is often called, may be defined as a nutritional situation in which a lack of energy, protein and/or other nutrients causes measurable adverse effects on body composition and function, together with a clinical result (1, p. 14). (
  • Nutritional assessment is essential in cirrhotic patients, since malnutrition and sarcopenia are very common and substantially affect their quality of life and survival. (
  • 3 This continuing malnutrition demonstrates the need to improve nutritional management and to define optimal management strategies of patients with cystic fibrosis. (
  • Chi's square test, along with Fisher's Exact Test, was used to compare functional status in patients with normal nutritional status, at risk of malnutrition and malnourished. (
  • Malnutrition in an elderly population without cognitive impairment living in nursing homes in SpaIn: study of prevalence using the Mini Nutritional Assessment test. (
  • Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form results showed that one participant (1.8%) was malnourished, 26 (49.1%) were at risk of malnutrition and 26 (49.1%) had normal nutritional status. (
  • Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) experience several nutritional challenges and are prone to develop malnutrition. (
  • Other related topics of nutritional immunology are: malnutrition, malabsorption and nutritional metabolic disorders including the determination of their immune products. (
  • The nutritional and metabolic status have been related to cancer risk factors as well as to cancer treatment morbimortality. (
  • Most patients experienced complications during cancer treatment, but there was no association with nutritional or metabolic status. (
  • The intrinsic factors of a person can influence the nutrients metabolic needs, thus affecting the nutritional state. (
  • To analyze the relationship between the peripheral blood white cells, metabolic changes, and nutritional status of adolescents with and without excess weight and body fat. (
  • Therefore, this study aimed to correlate white blood cells to metabolic and nutritional alterations in adolescents with and without excess weight and body fat. (
  • Nutritional status is a requirement of health of a person convinced by the diet, the levels of nutrients containing in the body and normal metabolic integrity. (
  • The present project was designed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery on clinically-relevant outcomes and to highlight the pros and cons of this therapeutic tool on specific metabolic, cardiovascular and nutritional aspects. (
  • Despite the proven efficacy of bariatric surgery in improving overall metabolic control and reducing total and cardiovascular mortality, some concerns can be raised regarding two main points: 1) increased glucose variability and 2) alterations of nutritional status. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: This group of patients with fractured NOF is likely to be malnourished on admission and to show a rapid deterioration in its nutrition status during admission. (
  • Conclusions: Preoperative assessment of the CONUT score is helpful for evaluating patients' nutritional status and mortality risk after liver surgery. (
  • Conclusions: Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present results showed that maintaining a high SOC level and good oral health help to reduce care need levels in older adults, and also prevent a worsening of their nutritional condition. (
  • The time has come to measure nutritional biomarkers and map nutritional status just as is done for obesity and prevalence of food insecurity . (
  • This study aimed to assess the prevalence of picky eating among preschool children and to evaluate the association between eating behavior and growth, physical activity, development, and health status. (
  • The prevalence of picky eaters in preschool children was high, resulting in significant detrimental impacts on growth, nutritional status, development, physical activity, and health status. (
  • A cross-sectional survey of 18,621 adults of both sexes living in rural tribal areas of the Dungarpur and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan, India was conducted to correlate the prevalence of osteo-dental fluorosis with nutritional status, living habits, and occupation. (
  • The prevalence of nutritional deficiency is very high in patients with bladder cancer, partly because of their disease and partly because of their advanced age-73 years on average. (
  • Regarding high prevalence of vulnerable or malnourished hospitalized elderly, nutritional intervention is necessary. (
  • The prevalence of obesity in the lowlands demands addressing diverse nutritional deficiencies in the regions of Bolivia. (
  • The health status (ie prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, obesity) of the older population studied (aged >65 years) was retrieved from the Mediterranean Islands Study (MEDIS). (
  • The data is reported to have been analyzed by age, nutritional status and gender and a logistic regression analysis performed using obesity as an outcome. (
  • Dr. Schuetz and colleagues conducted a secondary analysis of the EFFORT trial, a randomized study testing the effect of early nutritional support on frailty, functional outcomes, and recovery of malnourished hospital patients. (
  • Overweight nutritional status (obesity and pre-obesity) was seen in 25% of adult pregnant women and it was associated with increased risk for several adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. (
  • This study was designed to assess the impact of poor nutritional status on outcomes over a 12-month period. (
  • Nutritional status is associated with outcomes in DMD. (
  • This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. (
  • Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). (
  • Future studies with a longer duration should focus on older adults at higher risk of undernutrition than this study population to investigate whether the impact of the intervention on nutritional and functional outcomes can be improved. (
  • Frequently reported outcomes were weight, height and Fe status. (
  • Due to compositional differences, further research on fortified milk is warranted before making global recommendations on benefits for growth and nutritional outcomes in young children. (
  • The PubMed database was systematically searched for studies investigating the effect of nutritional status on postoperative outcomes after RC. (
  • Preoperative assessment of RC patients' nutritional status is a useful tool to predict perioperative and survival outcomes. (
  • Background: Preoperative nutritional status is reportedly associated with postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. (
  • This study aimed to investigate the significance of the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as predictors of postoperative outcomes. (
  • To compare dietary intake and nutritional status of Finnish long-term vegans and non-vegetarians. (
  • Dietary intake and nutritional status of urban community-dwelling men with paraplegia. (
  • C for clinical evaluation, including an assessment of functional, social and mental status, the medical history and the physical examination, and D for dietary history, such as the use supplements and the adequacy of the diet. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A patient's inflammatory status at admission to the hospital was associated with their response to nutritional support in a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. (
  • Nutritional strategies for modifying the clinical course of cognitive failure should consider the use of nutritional screening tools in the multidimensional geriatric evaluation. (
  • The information on socio-demographic profile was collected in all the 20 HHs, while anthropometric data such as weight, height and clinical signs of nutritional deficiency was collected on all the available adolescents in the selected households. (
  • AU - Venkaiah,K, AU - Damayanti,K, AU - Nayak,M U, AU - Vijayaraghavan,K, PY - 2002/11/13/pubmed PY - 2003/4/11/medline PY - 2002/11/13/entrez SP - 1119 EP - 25 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 56 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study the current diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (
  • While anthropometry allow us to monitor and evaluate changes in the nutritional status of PLWHA, its greatest benefit can only be realized as part of a comprehensive monitoring strategy that includes clinical assessment and biochemical tests. (
  • The Nutritional Risk Index, which incorporates albumin and weight loss, appears to capture both nutritional risk and poor clinical outcome. (
  • However, there are no studies that have assessed the effect of nutritional status on clinical outcome in DMD. (
  • Our results demonstrate the importance of nutritional status in the clinical evolution of orthogeriatric patients throughout the rehabilitation process. (
  • Background Nutritional deficiency is the major clinical sign reported in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), being a consequence of the pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and increased energy requirement. (
  • Patients with bladder cancer are two times more likely to have complications after a radical cystectomy procedure if they have a biomarker for poor nutritional status before the operation, according to a study presented at the 2013 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons in Washington, DC. (
  • Objective To assess and analyse nutritional status in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and identify possible associations with clinical symptoms and its prognostic value. (
  • Cellestis' IFN[gamma]-release assay test) depends on the demographic, clinical and nutritional characteristics of children in whom they are tested. (
  • The nutritional status model may be useful in nutritional assessment research, as well as in the clinical setting. (
  • Appropriate methods can detect nutritional deficits in the early stages, allowing the restoration of an adequate nutritional intake in order to improve nutritional status and prevent worsening of the deficiency [ 4 , 5 ]. (
  • Individual genetic anomalies influence nutritional status by altering nutrient absorption, but also by dietary restrictions imposed by lactase deficiency . (
  • The nutritional consequences of an intense activity may occur in the form of iron deficient anemia or deficiency of mineral salts occurring in athletes, marathoners or swimmers. (
  • A survey was carried out in Sitikho sublocation of Webuye division in western Kenya to assess the health and nutritional status of children aged 1-3 years in relation to vitamin A deficiency. (
  • Zinc deficiency can interfere with many organ systems especially when it occurs during a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high, such as during infancy. (
  • Determinants of nutritional status in south-west Uganda. (
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderly. (
  • To describe the social and demographic determinants of the nutritional status among women in Bolivia between 1989 and 1998 to gain a better understanding of the nutrition transition phenomena and to identify urgent research needs. (
  • Social and demographic determinants of nutritional status have been fitted into a logistic model. (
  • Assessing nutritional status in elderly patients. (
  • In patients with high inflammation, a less aggressive nutritional approach may be better, with a slow increase in caloric and protein targets, Dr. Philipp Schuetz of the University of Basel in Switzerland told Reuters Health by email. (
  • Patients with lower inflammation levels (may) benefit from early, individualized nutritional support to reach higher caloric and protein targets. (
  • All patients were at nutritional risk. (
  • Compared with the control group, the 978 patients who received nutritional support showed a significant reduction in 30-day mortality, regardless of CRP level (adjusted odds ratio, 0.61). (
  • The authors hypothesize that inflammation itself is preventing these patients with high CRP levels from benefiting from the nutritional therapy intervention," she said. (
  • It would also be necessary to understand the 'why' and the 'who' for patients not being responsive to the benefits of nutritional therapy before strategies are implemented. (
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between immune functions and nutritional status of HD patients. (
  • Several different methods for nutritional assessment in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant therapy were used, including subjective global assessment (SGA), body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold (TSF), mid-arm circumference (MAC), adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT), hand grip strength (HGS) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). (
  • Many of the patients in these programmes are malnourished and some require supplementary feeding in order to boost their nutritional status. (
  • However, the current means of measuring nutritional status of adults - body mass index (BMI) - may not be sensitive enough to take into account the physiology of HIV positive patients on ARVs (lean muscle wasting combined with lipodystrophy). (
  • BIA is not a good tool for screening for wasting, but would be a good tool for monitoring changing nutritional status in in-patients. (
  • The objective of this study is to assess the impact of 2 stratégies aimed to restore a good nutritional status, among patients with slight denutrition. (
  • Determination of Nutrition Risk and Status in Critically Ill Patients: What Are Our Considerations? (
  • Most of the patients took Vitamin D supplements which may help to maintain the nutritional balance of Vitamin D. (
  • Simple anthropometric parameters underestimate the nutritional risk in hospitalized patients. (
  • The aim of this study was to elucidate the prognostic value of the preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, a new index based on the total lymphocyte count, serum albumin concentration and total cholesterol concentration, in patients with localized upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. (
  • Which types of feeding tubes are used to support the nutritional and fluid status of patients with pediatric HIV infection? (
  • Vulnerable patients with a fractured neck of femur: nutritional status and support in hospital. (
  • In order to map nutritional status, in 2009 the Norwegian Directorate of Health issued national professional guidelines for the prevention and treatment of undernutrition, which stressed that all patients admitted to institutions or persons registered with the community nursing services are to be assessed for nutritional risk. (
  • The purpose of this study was to describe the routines that managers and health care personnel in the community nursing services follow when assessing patients' nutritional status. (
  • The guidelines stressed that all patients admitted to institutions or registered for community nursing services are to be assessed for nutritional risk (1). (
  • The purpose of the assessment is to detect patients at nutritional risk as early as possible in order to initiate targeted measures. (
  • Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. (
  • Poor nutritional status at admission increased the risk of experiencing at least one fall during rehabilitation in orthogeriatric patients. (
  • In this work, the nutritional status of elderly patients (>65 y) was evaluated in three different populations. (
  • Considering the nutritional status a potentially modifiable parameter, it is of great importance to identify those patients who may be or already are inadequately nourished, so that nutritional support can be provided. (
  • Her project focuses on the assessment of the nutritional state of patients with liver cirrhosis. (
  • The research team evaluated the impact of patients' nutritional status before radical cystectomy on the rate of complications within 30 days after the operation. (
  • This study demonstrates that bicarbonate supplementation slows the rate of progression of renal failure to ESRD and improves nutritional status among patients with CKD. (
  • The lack of long-term studies examining the impact of alleviation of MA on renal function in predialysis patients and on nutritional status was the particular stimulus to perform this study. (
  • The impact of preoperative nutritional status on post-surgical complication and mortality rates in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: a systematic review of the literature. (
  • Nutritional treatment improved the patients' nutritional status. (
  • Therefore, an assessment of nutritional status should be performed in patients with SSc. (
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status and identify the most significant MNA-items (Mini Nutritional assessment) to accelerate the determination of nutritional risk of heart-failure in elderly patients. (
  • The gradual deterioration in pulmonary status is associated with a worsening in nutritional status, and patients with end stage disease are often malnourished. (
  • Both of them maintained their physique and nutritional status during the terminal stages of disease and there were no adverse effects observed in these 2 patients which could be attributed to ninjinyoueito. (
  • The results suggest that ninjinyoueito may be a supplementary treatment for the maintenance of nutritional status in patients with a chronic respiratory disease accompanied by wasting, such as COPD. (
  • The nutritional status of the patients fell into three groups by a score of subjective global assessment (SGA)-A, B, and C. Muscle mass was measured by body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis and muscle strength was measured by handgrip strength (HGS). (
  • Nutritional and psycho-functional status in elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease. (
  • Nutritional status was assessed by measuring biomarkers in plasma, serum, and urine samples. (
  • A recent review of the literature and a number of databases on all these measurement techniques was conducted to explore the optimal nutritional assessment methods for HIV positive adults. (
  • Assessment of nutritional status: effects of different methods to determine age on the classification of undernutrition. (
  • However, until today, most of the common nutritional screening and nutritional assessment methods are unreliable in cirrhotic, since the nature and the complications of the disease negatively affect the sensitivity of these methods. (
  • Methods Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 42 children with CF to represent nutritional status and expressed as a Z-score. (
  • METHODS: Baseline nutritional status of participants was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). (
  • Five methods for evaluating nitrogen status were compared using 70 Cabernet Sauvignon juice samples: nitrogen by o -phthaldialdehyde (NOPA), arginine NOPA, enzymatic ammonia, Formol, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). (
  • This observational study aimed to perform a comprehensive nutritional assessment of outpatients diagnosed with RA and SpA, as well as to evaluate methods to identify nutritional risk. (
  • Mean (SD) weight loss was 12.8% (11.6) from preoperative status to follow up. (
  • In elderly people, assessment of nutritional status is complex and is complicated by multi-morbidity and disabilities combined with nutrition-related problems, such as dysphagia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle weakness. (
  • The tool most commonly used to assess adults is BMI but this is insensitive to changes in lean muscle mass (LMM), which is a more accurate indicator of change in nutritional status. (
  • Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. (
  • The objective of this review was to assess the impact of preventive nutrition interventions on health and nutritional status of adolescents aged 10-19 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). (
  • The aim of this study was to assess the role of nutritional status and racial influences on the severity of acute pancreatitis in children. (
  • Therefore, we assess nutritional status, GI-symptoms and QoL 2-5 years after gastrectomy for malignancy. (
  • It is difficult to assess the effect of the oil boom on the nutritional status of the Kuwaiti population because limited data are available to describe the food and nutrition situation before 1979. (
  • Oral health status (number of present teeth, denture use) and nutritional status (assessed with Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form) were also evaluated. (
  • Let's work through some nutritional deficiencies. (
  • However, few studies have investigated the nutritional status of vegans, who may be at risk of nutritional deficiencies. (
  • Nutritional deficiencies have been defined for decades, eg. (
  • We show increased anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and indications of poor hygienic conditions in highlands compared with lowlands. (
  • This cluster-randomized trial will evaluate the impact of a multifaceted intervention (including electronic medical alerts) coordinated by a Nutritional Support Team, on adherence to recommended practices for care of starved children, among health personnel of a large university hospital. (
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nutritional status, dietary intake, nutrition knowledge, and depression of healthy urban men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare these findings with national guidelines and data. (
  • We conducted an observational study to evaluate the nutritional state and the nutritional support, which was provided to this group during their stay in hospital. (
  • This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention including nutritional telemonitoring, nutrition education, and follow-up by a nurse on nutritional status, diet quality, appetite, physical functioning and quality of life of Dutch community-dwelling elderly. (
  • Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the nutritional status of children with CF from the Republic of Moldova. (
  • Cox models were used to evaluate the associations between nutritional status and the risks of fall or fracture. (
  • To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of oral nutritional therapy Serum-Derived Bovine Immunoglobulin (SBI) on nutritional status, epithelial barrier function, and mucosal expression of pivotal genes including tight junction, secretory mechanisms, tissue repair proteins and chemokines in subjects with IBS-D. (
  • A study published in the work of Olivares, et al (nd) and entitled "Nutritional Status, Food Consumption and Physical Activity Among Chilean School Children: A Descriptive Study" reports the objective of assessing the nutritional status, food consumption and physical activity (PA) habits of Chilean school children, as a baseline for developing an educational intervention. (
  • Effects of a multi-component nutritional telemonitoring intervention on nutritional status, diet quality, physical functioning and quality of life of community-dwelling older adults. (
  • In conclusion, this intervention leads to improved nutritional status in older adults at risk of undernutrition, and to improved diet quality and physical activity levels of community-dwelling elderly. (
  • To study the current diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Diet and nutritional status of rural adolescents in India. (
  • To test the hypothesis that maternal common mental disorders (CMD) are associated with poorer child nutritional status in four developing countries (Ethiopia, India, Vietnam, and Peru). (
  • There was a relation between high maternal CMD and poor child nutritional status in India and Vietnam. (
  • In the present study an attempt has been made to report on the nutritional status of the Assamese Muslim women of Dadara and Agyathuri villages of the Kamrup district in Assam, India on their basis of body mass index (BMI) and haemoglobin (hb) content. (
  • Influence of Age and Nutritional Status on the Performance of the Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube in Young Children Evaluated for Tuberculosis in Southern India. (
  • In this study, a positive correlation between albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as nutritional parameters and immune functions in terms of total and subtype lymphocyte counts was observed. (
  • Comparison of this study to past studies shows that the nutritional status of children has generally improved during a seven-year period. (
  • In the present study we aim to investigate the regulation of the circulating levels of irisin in obese animal models (diet-induced obese (DIO) rats and leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice), as well as the influence of nutritional status and leptin. (
  • This study highlights the need for nutritional guidance to vegans. (
  • This study examines the hypothesis that dairy cow ownership improves child nutritional status. (
  • The study will examine if there is a difference in achieving nutritional delivery goal. (
  • To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the middle and late pregnancy and analyze the different sources of Vitamin D intake. (
  • The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status, evaluated using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and frailty among older people. (
  • This study describes the nutritional status and parasitic infections of school children in two areas of rural Sri Lanka. (
  • A new study shows that the infectious agent responsible for malaria, the Plasmodium parasite, is able to sense its host's nutritional status and actively adapt through changes in gene expression to reduce the number of offspring it produces. (
  • This study aimed at assessing WASH practices and its association with nutritional status of under-five children in semi-pastoral communities of Arusha. (
  • Thus we aimed to study the nutritional status assessment of adolescent school children in Solukhumbu. (
  • There's very little risk in improving nutritional status before the operation and significant possible benefits," said a study coauthor Angela Smith, MD, an assistant professor of urology at UNC. (
  • The aim of our study was to investigate whether nutritional status is associated with the risk of falling or fracture in community-dwelling elderly. (
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a poor nutritional status is associated with the risk of falling and of fracture in community dwelling elderly. (
  • Study statuses change often. (
  • Bildhaiya GS, Bose G. A comparative study of the health status of infants and pre-school children in rural and urban areas of Jabalpur. (
  • Krishnamoorthy KA, Radhika Vasantha Devi, Jayam S. A study of non-nutritional factors affecting nutrition of the child in Madras urban slums. (
  • In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. (
  • The objective of this study is to determine the association between nutritional status and functional capacity of the elderly. (
  • A team from the Royal Veterinary College, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and their partners have been awarded a grant to study the relationship between livestock value chains and nutritional status of women and children. (
  • The authors conclude a general trend in the study population of women with high fertility having poor nutritional status. (
  • This study sought to determine whether an association exists between available nutritional services and older people's health status in selected Greek islands and the Cyprus Republic. (
  • The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among SOC score, oral health status, nutritional status and care need level of older adults using path analysis. (
  • The aim of this study is to describe the anthropometric status and the nutritional intakes in PwID. (
  • While under reporting of nutritional intake is suspected in the study participants this study also highlights the poor diet quality of study participants. (
  • 4 Poor nutritional status has been associated with reduced exercise tolerance in advanced cystic fibrosis. (
  • Przysławski J, Walkowiak J, Gertig H, Cichy W, Gajewska B (1998) Nutritional value of daily food rations (DFR's) taken by cystic fibrosis children. (
  • Thus, its assessment is important for developing strategies for the promotion, maintenance and / or recovery of nutritional status and cancer outcome. (
  • Nutritional status is an important determinant of COPD outcome. (
  • Each domain has a major impact on nutritional status, which in turn has a major impact on the outcome of each domain. (
  • In addition, strong epidemiological data reveal that cardiovascular and diabetes mortality in children can be influenced by the nutritional status of their parents and grandparents ( 14 ). (
  • In the HHS population we evaluated nutritional status and its relation to long-term mortality and performed a reexamination in a sub-sample after three years. (
  • Nutrition is at a tipping point when it should transition from a preoccupation (obsession) with estimating nutrient intake to assessing nutritional status. (
  • One out of three respondents replied that the community nursing services have written procedures for assessing nutritional status. (
  • Written procedures should be prepared for assessing nutritional status in the municipalities. (
  • Evaluation of nutritional status includes analysis of body composition and diet intake. (
  • Donini LM, Savina C, Rosano A, Cannella C. Systematic review of nutritional status evaluation and screening tools in the elderly. (
  • However, there is evidence that inadequate nutritional status early in life may result in poor lung development, 6 and early impairment of lung growth may influence the progression of pulmonary disease. (
  • Nutritional status is a multifaceted concept and there exist several knowledge gaps in the diagnosis, prevention, and optimization of treatment of inadequate nutritional status in elderly people. (
  • Nutritional Status, Food Consumption, and Physical. (
  • In short, you will review different aspects and will learn what the effects are of food consumption patterns and the physiological processes on the body and what that means for the status of its health and illness. (
  • Normal nutritional status is managed by balance food consumption and normal utilization of nutrients. (
  • In the subgroup with high inflammation, no beneficial effect of nutritional support was seen (aOR, 1.32). (
  • Association between Nutritional Status and Functional Capacity of Elderly. (
  • Nutritional parameters improved significantly with bicarbonate supplementation, which was well tolerated. (
  • Possible causes for differences in the incidence of fluorosis in relation to nutritional status, habits , and occupation are discussed. (
  • We evaluated anthropometric measurements and nutritional status as they relate to age and gender in healthy elderly people. (
  • Don't let food beliefs about the value of supplements or certain food sources derail us from nutritional status measurements. (
  • Though the food intake is a major determinant of nutritional status in children, it is not the only determinant. (
  • Jack's situation illustrates that income, although important, is not the only determinant of nutritional status in older adults. (
  • The nutritional status represents the total of the morpho-functional characteristics of an individual or of a community, conditioned by individual aspects, food sources, and environmental factors. (
  • We propose a nutritional status model that presents nutritional status from a comprehensive functional perspective. (
  • Many factors can contribute to the pathogenesis of frailty, and nutritional status appears to play a key role. (
  • Nutritional status was closely associated with the degree of frailty, and in a logistic regression, MNA was the best variable predicting both pre-frailty and frailty. (
  • The impact of maternal literacy status on the nutritional status of preschool children in Parbhani was studied. (
  • The nutritional status of 645 male and 635 female preschool children in Kuwait was assessed. (
  • A literature review revealed a serious lack of data describing the nutritional status of preschool children in Kuwait. (
  • Second, is the patient at risk of disease and disability because of poor nutritional status? (
  • In a cross-sectional survey carried out of 4320 children 0-59 months old in South-west Uganda various socio-economic and environmental factors were related to poor nutritional status. (
  • This explains why climatic variation, differences in the regions' levels of development and variation in cultural and social characteristics lead to both nutritional characteristics being observed: dietary insufficiency on one hand and dietary excess along with poor eating habits on the other. (
  • In this group 66.66% of children were primary diagnosed and the most common sign for suspecting CF was poor nutritional status. (
  • Poor nutritional status was identified in very young children (0-2 years) at the moment of diagnosis and in children older than 10 years, who associated lung pathology. (
  • Such approach may result poor nutritional status among them. (
  • Poor nutritional status was significantly associated with a higher risk of both falling and fractures. (
  • In multivariate models controlled for sociodemographic data and several baseline health indicators, poor nutritional status was significantly associated with a higher risk of falling (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.66, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) 1.35-2.04 in men and HR = 1.20, 95 % CI 1.07-1.34 in women) and with a higher risk of fracture (HR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.09-1.49). (
  • CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status was associated with a higher risk of both falling and fractures in French elderly community-dwellers. (
  • In a prospective open analysis, survival and changes in the nutritional status and energy uptake induced by nutritional treatment were evaluated. (
  • There is also evidence that the reproductive status of the maternal grandmother influences child nutrition, with young children being taller in the presence of non-reproductive grandmothers than grandmothers who are still reproductively active. (
  • With the exception of vitamin C (r=0.58) and DHA (r=0.45) in men, adjusted correlations between reported nutrient intake and biomarker status were r≤0.38. (
  • 1. Measure baseline nutrient status, use status as an inclusion criterion, and in reporting results. (
  • 2. Interventions must provide sufficient nutrient to change status which needs to be quantified by a suitable analysis. (
  • 3. The hypothesis must test the effect of a change in nutrient status not just a change in dietary intake. (
  • 4. Other nutrients must be optimized to ensure that the test nutrient is the only limiting nutritional factor. (
  • Just as per capita food availability does not explain food insecurity , dietary intakes with incomplete and out-of-date food databases are not good assessments of nutrient intake or status. (
  • Without consideration of nutrient status, simple treatment vs placebo statistical analyses of randomized, controlled trials are not constructive . (
  • Nutrient status deemed at risk from these two assessments may require further detailed serum analysis. (
  • These results imply that KIN acts as a nutrient sensor and major regulator of the parasite's ability to respond to nutritional changes. (
  • Differential maternal behavior in the rat also alters the methylation status of the promoter of the glucocorticoid receptor of her pups ( 17 ). (
  • I would like to collect some data around maternal nutrtition status in order to build the case for emphasising project components which address this issue. (
  • We find that the only kin to significantly improve the nutritional status of children (apart from mothers) are maternal grandmothers, and that this is reflected in higher survival probabilities of children with living maternal grandmothers. (
  • Dr. Schuetz said, "The results may explain why nutritional trials have been heterogeneous in the past, particularly in the critical care setting, with some trials showing benefit from nutrition and other showing harm. (
  • Disease is a stressful factor on nutritional storage and a barrier against normal nutrition, various pathological conditions interfere with the ingestion, metabolism, absorption, transport or excretion of nutritional factors. (
  • Nutritional immunology is a field of immunology that focuses on studying the influence of nutrition on the immune system and its protective functions. (
  • 30 nmol/L) significantly promotes calcium absorption and reduces rickets risks, which was deemed as good Vitamin D nutritional status. (
  • Nutritional status as a predictor of child survival: summarizing the association and quantifying its global impact. (
  • Paternal grandmothers and male kin, including fathers, have negligible impacts on the nutritional status and survival of children. (
  • It varies considerably with socio-economic status (SES) and environmental factors as well such as household economic resources namely income, asset and wealth, standard of living, caste, religion, education and occupation of the parents, also influence child health. (
  • Gender differences, generally seen after puberty , can influence both nutritional growth and metabolism (e.g. higher iron needs in adolescents and fertile women). (
  • Would Nutritional Status Maps Influence where you Choose to Live? (
  • The association between schistosomiasis and nutritional status and growth was analyzed with multivariable models adjusted for the influence of age, age 2 , and polyparasitism. (
  • Ethnicity and nutritional status may influence the severity and duration of hospitalization among children with pancreatitis. (
  • Devadas RP, Rajalakshmi R, Kaveri R. Influence of family income and parents education on the nutritional status of the pre-school children. (
  • Nutritional habits and physical activity influence the health status of young adults. (
  • 1993). Our aim was to describe the nutritional status and parasitic infections of school children in two areas of rural Sri Lanka. (
  • Nutritional programs in Nepal are targeted to young children and pregnant women but neglected among adolescent. (
  • Viswesware Rao K. Nutritional status of pre-school children and the related factors. (
  • Differences in Nutritional and Health Status in School Children from the Highlands and Lowlands of Bolivia. (
  • Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged Children. (
  • Interaction between different medications taken and diet can greatly affect the bioavailability of nutrients and, implicitly, the nutritional status. (
  • Supplementation with fortified milk may provide potentially lacking essential nutrients, but effects on growth and nutritional status are yet to be established. (
  • The nutritional composition and the affects of processing and storage and anti-nutrients on nutritional value of chickpeas are reviewed. (
  • Participants with high SOC scores showed a strong positive attitude, had a relatively large number of teeth, were in good nutritional condition and showed low care need levels. (
  • Enhancing nutritional services within the healthcare system may contribute to reducing the burden of disease among older adults and, consequently, improve their quality of life. (
  • Relationships among sense of coherence, oral health status, nutritional status and care need level of older adults according to path analysis. (
  • Conclusion: Regarding the factors related to nutritional status of heart- failure elderly patient, it is indicated that bed sore, the ability of eating, self-view of nutritional status and self-rated health status relative to peers had significant relationship with the nutritional status according to MNA. (
  • Nutritional status is related to an inflammatory process, and adolescents with excess weight or body fat presented higher amounts of white blood cells. (
  • In paediatric AIDS, nutritional status seems to be of greater prognostic value than any particular opportunistic infection 1 . (