State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
The status of health in rural populations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A tetrameric protein, molecular weight between 50,000 and 70,000, consisting of 4 equal chains, and migrating on electrophoresis in 3 fractions more mobile than serum albumin. Its concentration ranges from 7 to 33 per cent in the serum, but levels decrease in liver disease.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The consumption of edible substances.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Female parents, human or animal.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.
A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.
A change in, or manipulation of, gravitational force. This may be a natural or artificial effect.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Size and composition of the family.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
An environment simulating one or more parameters of the space environment, applied in testing space systems or components. Often, a closed chamber is used, capable of approximating the vacuum and normal environments of space. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988) This also includes simulated EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY studies in atmosphere exposure chambers or water tanks.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.
Child hospitalized for short term care.
Abstaining from all food.
An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.
A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)
The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.
Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
The status of health in urban populations.
Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Methods of giving food to humans or animals.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Surgical construction of an opening into the CECUM with a tube through the ABDOMINAL WALL (tube cecostomy) or by skin level approach, in which the cecum is sewn to the surrounding PERITONEUM. Its primary purpose is decompression of colonic obstruction.
Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
Absence of menstruation.

Maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation in lactating bangladeshi women benefits mothers and infants but does not prevent subclinical deficiency. (1/4438)

The effects of maternal postpartum vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on maternal and infant serum retinol concentrations, modified relative dose-response (MRDR) ratios and breast milk vitamin A concentrations were assessed during a community-based trial in Matlab, Bangladesh. At 1-3 wk postpartum, women were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a single dose of 200,000 international units [60,000 retinol equivalents (RE)] vitamin A followed by daily placebos (n = 74), (2) daily doses of beta-carotene [7.8 mg (1300 RE)] (n = 73) or (3) daily placebos (n = 73) until 9 mo postpartum. Compared to placebos, vitamin A supplementation resulted in lower maternal MRDR ratios (i.e., increased liver stores) and higher milk vitamin A concentrations at 3 mo, but these improvements were not sustained. The beta-carotene supplementation acted more slowly, resulting in milk vitamin A concentrations higher than the placebo group only at 9 mo. Irrespective of treatment group, over 50% of women produced milk with low vitamin A concentrations (/=0. 06. We conclude that while both interventions were beneficial, neither was sufficient to correct the underlying subclinical vitamin A deficiency in these women nor to bring their infants into adequate vitamin A status.  (+info)

A prospective randomized study of megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in gastrointestinal cancer patients with weight loss. (2/4438)

The use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in gastrointestinal cancer patients has been disappointing. The aim of the present study was to compare the combination of megestrol acetate and placebo with megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in the treatment of weight loss in such patients. At baseline, 4-6 weeks and 12 weeks, patients underwent measurements of anthropometry, concentrations of albumin and C-reactive protein and assessment of appetite, performance status and quality of life using EuroQol-EQ-5D and EORTC QLQ-C30. Thirty-eight and 35 patients (median weight loss 18%) were randomized to megestrol acetate/placebo or megestrol acetate/ibuprofen, respectively, for 12 weeks. Forty-six (63%) of patients failed to complete the 12-week assessment. Of those evaluable at 12 weeks, there was a decrease in weight (median 2.8 kg) in the megestrol acetate/placebo group compared with an increase (median 2.3 kg) in the megestrol acetate/ibuprofen group (P<0.001). There was also an improvement in the EuroQol-EQ-5D quality of life scores of the latter group (P<0.05). The combination of megestrol acetate/ibuprofen appeared to reverse weight loss and appeared to improve quality of life in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Further trials of this novel regimen in weight-losing patients with hormone-insensitive cancers are warranted.  (+info)

Leptin and reproduction. (3/4438)

In the few years since leptin was identified as a satiety factor in rodents, it has been implicated in the regulation of various physiological processes. Leptin has been shown to promote sexual maturation in rodent species and a role in reproduction has been investigated at various sites within the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. This review considers the evidence that leptin (or alteration in amount of body fat) can affect reproduction. There is evidence that leptin plays a permissive role in the onset of puberty, probably through action on the hypothalamus, where leptin receptors are found in cells that express appetite-regulating peptides. There is little evidence that leptin has a positive effect on the pituitary gonadotrophs and the gonads. There is also very little indication that leptin acts in an acute manner to regulate reproduction in the short term. It seems more likely that leptin is a 'barometer' of body condition that sends signals to the brain. Studies in vitro have shown negative effects on ovarian steroid production and there are no reports of effects on testicular function. Leptin concentrations in plasma increase in women during pregnancy, owing to production by the placenta but the functional significance of this is unknown. A number of factors that affect the production and action of leptin have yet to be studied in detail.  (+info)

Effects of pre- or postpartum selenium supplementation on selenium status in beef cows and their calves. (4/4438)

The effect of Se supplementation before or after calving on Se status in deficient cows and their calves was studied using 72 beef cows in two experiments. In Exp. 1, cows calving in February or March 1997 were supplemented orally for 15 d in late pregnancy with 13.0, 32.5, or 45.5 mg of Se/d as sodium selenite. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were measured in red blood cells (RBC) or plasma of cows and calves at d 15 and between d 17 and 88 after calving. In Exp. 2, cows calving in January 1997 were supplemented orally with .0, 13.0, or 32.5 mg of Se/d for 15 d postpartum, and calves were injected with 1.38 mg of Se when 2 d old and at an average age of 49 d. The GSH-Px activities were measured in 30-d-old calves and in cows and calves between d 77 and 115 after calving. In both experiments, Se supplementation resulted in adequate Se status for the dams. The increase in RBC GSH-Px activity was faster with 45.5 mg of Se/d, and GSH-Px activities remained high for up to 98 d after the end of supplementation. The improvement in Se status in calves as a result of maternal supplementation was greater in Exp. 1 than in Exp. 2, suggesting that the placental transfer of Se is more efficient than milk transfer. Prepartum oral Se supplementation of deficient beef cows with 13.0 mg of Se/d for 15 d allowed adequate Se status of dams and calves, and 45.5 mg of Se/d resulted in a faster improvement of Se status. Parenteral administration of 1.38 mg of Se to newborn calves did not sustain normal Se status in calves issued from deficient cows.  (+info)

Copper status of ewes fed increasing amounts of copper from copper sulfate or copper proteinate. (5/4438)

The Cu status of mature, crossbred ewes fed two sources (CuSO4 vs. Cu proteinate) and three levels (10, 20, or 30 mg/kg) of dietary Cu was determined in a 73-d feeding trial. Ewes (n = 30) were fed a basal diet containing rice meal feed, cottonseed hulls, cottonseed meal, meat and bone meal, cracked corn, and vitamin-mineral supplements at 2.5% of BW to meet NRC requirements for protein, energy, macrominerals, and microminerals, excluding Cu. The basal diet contained 5 mg/kg Cu, 113 mg/kg Fe, .1 mg/kg Mo, and .17% S. Copper sulfate or Cu proteinate was added to the basal diet to supply 10, 20, or 30 mg/kg of dietary copper in a 2x3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Ewes were housed in 3.7- x 9.1-m pens in an open-sided barn. Blood samples were collected on d 28 and 73. Ewes were slaughtered on d 74, and liver and other tissues were collected to determine Cu concentrations. An interaction (P = .08) occurred between source and level for liver Cu. The interaction existed due to an increase in liver Cu concentrations when ewes were fed increasing dietary Cu from CuSO4 but not when fed Cu proteinate diets. There was no source x level interaction (P>.10) for the blood constituents measured. On d 73, plasma ceruloplasmin activity was greater (P<.05) in ewes fed Cu proteinate than in those fed CuSO4 (33.1 vs. 26.8 microM x min(-1) x L(-1)). Increasing the concentration of dietary Cu did not affect (P>.10) plasma ceruloplasmin. Packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count, whole blood hemoglobin (wHb), plasma hemoglobin, and plasma Cu were similar between sources of Cu. Ewes fed 20 mg/kg Cu had lower (P<.05) PCV, RBC, and wHb than those fed 10 or 30 mg/kg Cu diets. Feeding up to 30 mg/kg Cu from these sources did not cause an observable Cu toxicity during the 73-d period.  (+info)

Biotin status: which are valid indicators and how do we know? (6/4438)

Although estimated average requirements for biotin have been proposed, the human requirements for biotin in specific populations and at various ages remain uncertain, in part because indicators of biotin status have not been validated. With the use of improved methods for measuring biotin and metabolites, a recent study indicated that decreased urinary excretion of biotin and bisnorbiotin is an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency, but decreased serum concentration of biotin is not. Increased urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid (3-HIA), a leucine metabolite that is excreted in increased quantities with deficiency of the biotin-dependent enzyme beta-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, is also an early and sensitive indicator of biotin deficiency. When these indicators were assessed longitudinally in 13 pregnant women, biotin excretion was not significantly decreased early in pregnancy but did decrease significantly from early to late pregnancy. Excretion of 3-HIA was abnormally increased in about three-fourths of the women studied in both early and late pregnancy. Thus, each indicator detected biotin deficiency late in pregnancy, but assessment of biotin status for the two indicators conflicted early in pregnancy. Preliminary results from a trial assessing response of 3-HIA excretion to biotin treatment indicate that biotin status is indeed impaired both early and late in pregnancy.  (+info)

Nutrition and health outcomes associated with food insecurity and hunger. (7/4438)

This paper explores how food insecurity and hunger relate to health and nutrition outcomes in food-rich countries such as the United States. It focuses on two subgroups of the population for whom data are available: women of childbearing age and school-age children. Special consideration is given to examining how food insecurity relates to these outcomes independently of socioeconomic status and poverty. In a population-based sample of women of childbearing age, the least severe level of food insecurity (household food insecurity) was correlated with higher body mass index (BMI), controlling for other available and known influences on obesity including income level. In low income school-age children from two large urban areas of the U.S., risk of hunger and hunger were associated with compromised psychosocial functioning, controlling for maternal education and estimated household income. The nutrition and health consequences of food insecurity comprise a potentially rich area for future, socially relevant research in the field of nutritional sciences.  (+info)

Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (8/4438)

A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.  (+info)

MOREIRA, Ana Catarina et al. Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.951-957. ISSN 1699-5198. Background: Poor nutritional status and worse health-related quality of life (QoL) have been reported in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The utilization of generic and disease specific QoL questionnaires in the same population may provide a better understanding of the significance of nutrition in QoL dimensions. Objective: To assess nutritional status by easy to use parameters and to evaluate the potential relationship with QoL measured by generic and disease specific questionnaires. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment adapted to renal patients (SGA), body mass index (BMI), nutritional intake and appetite. QoL was assessed by the generic EuroQoL and disease specific Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form ...
Advanced cancer patients with poor nutritional status have a diminished quality of life. These findings suggest that there is a need for a comprehensive nutritional intervention for improving nutritional status and quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients under hospice care.
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The study examines the relationships between womens work and child nutritional status (stunting and wasting) of 5331 Nigerian children aged 0-59 months, using data from the 1990 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. In defining womens work, the study considers whether women earned cash from their work and carried their children to work in order to assess the importance of childcare and income, which are the principal pathways through which womens work affects child nutritional status. The study also examines infants and children differently in order to assess the influence of childs age on nutritional status. The results reveal that wasting among infants increased when mothers did not take them to work. Furthermore, mothers work reduced stunting in their children, but the expected positive effect of earning cash from work on childhood nutrition was less visible from the results. Other results from the study revealed that during infancy, having recent episodes of
Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of malnutrition on geriatric rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. This was a retrospective cohort study of 375 patients. Data collected included age, gender, diagnosis at admission, comorbidities, cognitive and nutritional status, functional and physical measurements, length of stay, mortality and falls. Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB).
TY - CONF. T1 - The role of physical activity and nutritional intake on nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer. AU - Sealy, Martine. PY - 2015/6. Y1 - 2015/6. N2 - Malnutrition is a frequent problem in patients with head and neck cancer. Prevention or timely treatment of malnutrition isof great importance because deteriorated nutritional status can have a negative effect on clinical outcome in head andneck cancer patients.Malnutrition is a multidimensional problem, in which a nutritional disbalance causes loss of weight and muscle mass, eitheror not accompanied by inflammatory activity, resulting in functional decline.Thus far, little is known about the role of physical activity in both the development and treatment of malnutrition in cancerpatients. Although positive effects of exercise on fatigue and quality of life have been reported, the relationship betweenphysical activity and prevention and treatment of malnutrition needs to be further elucidated.In this presentation, ...
Nutrition plays an important role in aging and health. Little is documented on the risks of relocation from home to an institution in relation to the nutritional status of the older persons in Kenya and other developing countries. The purpose of the study was to investigate risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in the homes. The objectives of the study were to; establish the risk factors associated with nutritional status of the older persons in these homes and identify the relationship between risks that have an effect on nutritional status. A conceptual framework derived from Help age International publications guided the study. A descriptive survey design using a multi instrument approach was used. All the 69 (sixty nine) older persons aged between 63 (sixty three) and 107 (a hundred and seven) from the two homes whereby 50 (fifty) came from Nyumbani situated in Nairobi while 19 (nineteen) came from Thogoto in Kiambu were used to provide the required data. Data ...
Biota Nutrition services include nutritional profile analysis and customized monthly nutritional coaching. Complimentary Discovery Call.
Weight loss and malnutrition are common in DMD. However, there are no studies that have assessed the effect of nutritional status on clinical outcome in DMD. This study was designed to assess the impact of poor nutritional status on outcomes over a 12-month period.. A retrospective case series study was conducted. All DMD patients over 16 years referred to a tertiary centre were recruited (n = 79; 16-41 years). Nutritional parameters [baseline and current weight, body mass index (BMI)] and feeding routes were assessed in relation to outcome indicators [length of stay (LOS), re-admission and infection episodes)].. BMI was only measured in 34/79 (43%) of patients. The mean (SD) BMI was 20.8 (5.5) kg/m2. Re-admission risk was greater in underweight (BMI,20kg/m2) or overweight (BMI,25kg/m2) compared to normal BMI patients (RR 1.2, 1.43, respectively). Patients admitted to hospital weighed significantly less than non-admitted patients with a median (IQR) of 51kg (39,66) vs. 64kg (50,76; p=0.03). ...
Dietary intake and nutrition statusDefinitionDietary intake refers to the daily eating patterns of an individual, including specific foods and calories consumed and relative quantities. Nutrition status refers to the availability of nutrients and calories in the individuals diet compared to nutrition recommendations for the individuals age group and overall health status. Source for information on Dietary Intake and Nutrition Status: The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health: A Guide for Seniors and Their Caregivers dictionary.
Aim: Rate of obesity is high among patients with type 2 diabetes thus assessment of the nutritional status is often ignored in these patients. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized forpoor glycemic control and to define the risk factors related to malnutrition. Methods: Study included a total of 104 patients (67 female, 37 male, mean age: 65.08 +/- 12.57) who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics for poor glycemic control. Patients nutritional status was evaluated on the first day of admission. Demographic, anthropometric and biochemical data of the cases were evaluated. Nutritional status was assessed with Mini Nutritional Assessment(MNA) test. Results: Malnutrition rate was 7.7%, rate of the patients with malnutrition risk was 18.3% and rate of the patients with normal nutritional status was found as 74%. Body mass index was 25 kg/m(2) or higher in 37.5% of the patients with malnutrition and 63.2% in ...
With the lack of variety in countless nutrition plans and the health of food dependent upon the ever-diminishing nutrients in soil, its no wonder that wed be concerned with nutrient deficiencies. Add regular bouts of exercise, stress and medications to the mix, and all of the sudden we have a recipe for major nutrient scarcity. How do you know if youre deficient in nutrients? Are your lips cracked? You may be deficient in riboflavin, niacin or pyridoxine. Nutrient deficiencies can have a vari
Research Proposal and Specific Aims: Approximately half of pediatric oncology patients experience malnutrition as a direct result of cancer and its treatment. Malnutrition is associated with a twofold increase in mortality and a threefold increase in morbidity (e.g., infections and neutropenia). Previous studies of nutritional risk factors and outcomes have been limited by small sample sizes, an inability to stratify by malnutrition severity, and an inability to evaluate the impact of nutritional interventions such as enteral and parenteral calorie supplementation that are known to improve weight with better cancer outcomes. To improve nutritional outcomes for pediatric cancer patients, there is a critical need to determine which patients are at greatest risk for malnutrition and examine if current, standard-of-care interventions that increase weight also reduce morbidity and mortality.. Supportive care research in pediatric oncology lends itself to new data sources outside of the classic ...
Adequate nutrition is fundamental to the development of a childs full potential. However, the extent to which malnutrition affects developmental and cognitive outcomes in the midst of co-occurring risk factors remains largely understudied. We sought to establish if the effects of nutritional status varied according to diverse background characteristics as well as to compare the relative strength of the effects of poor nutritional status on language skills, motor abilities and cognitive functioning at school age. This cross-sectional study was conducted among school-age boys and girls resident in Kilifi District in Kenya. We hypothesized that the effects of area of residence, school attendance, household wealth, age and gender on child outcomes are experienced directly and indirectly through child nutritional status. The use of structural equation modelling (SEM) allowed the disaggregation of the total effect of the explanatory variables into direct effects (effects that go directly from one
Last month, David was told by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) that he would need to comply with Canadian food labeling standards for what they call simulated meat products in order to maintain distribution of all the products in Canada. According to the CFIA, any food item that takes on tFood Labeling Politics and Vegetarian Meats in Canadahe appearance and quality of a similar traditional animal flesh-based item must emulate the nutritional profile of the similar animal-based item. In other words, the nutritional profile of animal flesh is seen to be the standard in protein, fat and amino acid content as far as the Canadian government is concerned, and no other nutritional profiles that a plant-based meat would normally have are recognized as being valid or legal to sell on Canadian store shelves.. David takes issue with this regulation, and rather than comply with the CFIA as other vegan meat products have done to stay in Canada, he intends to try to work with the government to ...
Objective Adequate nutrition is critical for optimal growth and development. However, young children may be at risk of nutrient deficiencies when transitioning to weaning foods for a variety of reasons. Supplementation with fortified milk may provide potentially lacking essential nutrients, but effects on growth and nutritional status are yet to be established.. Design Five databases were searched for randomised controlled trials using fortified milk against control milk in young children. Outcomes were growth, body composition and/or biochemical markers. Pooled differences in means were calculated for continuous outcomes and odds ratios for binary outcomes. Setting Randomised controlled trials set in any country.. Subjects Otherwise healthy children aged 6-47 months. Results Fifteen articles met the eligibility criteria. Fortification varied from Fe, Zn, vitamins, essential fatty acids, to pre- and/or probiotics. Frequently reported outcomes were weight, height and Fe status. Studies varied in ...
Atıf İçin Kopyala HEPAKSOY S. , CAN H. Z. , Aksoy U., OKUR İ. B. , KILIÇ C. C. , ANAÇ D., et al. Int. Workshop on: Improved Crop Quality by Nutrient Management., İzmir, Türkiye, 28 Eylül 1998, ss.184-190 ...
Cancer patients are particularly susceptible to nutritional depletion due to the combined effects of the malignant disease and its treatment. CRS followed by HIPEC is a major surgical procedure that can further accentuate the risk of nutritional depletion in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis [10, 11, 33]. As a result, timely nutritional assessment and intervention in this patient population might be critical to achieving optimal clinical outcomes including LOS, cost, quality of life, survival and ability to tolerate treatment. In this retrospective study of the first 60 patients at our institution who had CRS and HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis, we investigated the relationship between baseline nutritional status and clinical outcomes. We also conducted a preliminary analysis of clinical outcomes as a function of parenteral nutrition.. There are 2 key findings of our study. Baseline nutritional status, as evaluated using SGA, was predictive of patient LOS. This finding is consistent ...
Ethiopias Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is a large-scale social protection intervention aimed at improving food security and stabilizing asset levels. The PSNP contains a mix of public works employment and unconditional cash and food transfers. It is a well-targeted program; however, several years passed before payment levels reached the intended amounts. The PSNP has been successful in improving household food security. However, childrens nutritional status in the localities where the PSNP operates is poor, with 48 percent of children stunted in 2012. This leads to the question of whether the PSNP could improve child nutrition. In this paper, we examine the impact of the PSNP on childrens nutritional status over the period 2008-2012. Doing so requires paying particular attention to the targeting of the PSNP and how payment levels have evolved over time. Using inverse-probability-weighted regression-adjustment estimators, we find no evidence that the PSNP reduces either chronic ...
True Blood: The Health Benefits of Lab Testing. then seek appropriate medical expertise or adjust their nutrition,. routine at the time of the blood test.It is not necessary to discontinue nutritional supplements prior to this test.. A: Such blood tests are commonly used in alternative medicine circles.Health Testing Centers has been providing affordable blood tests for individuals to take charge of their health for 31 years.All tests are done using a blood sample, except where noted. as well as nutritional status and toxic substance exposure.Compares Acu-Cell Analysis with lab tests in the assessment of trace minerals, flavonoids, Vit B12, stomach acid, thyroid, adrenal and lipid status.Reading the Blood Chemistry Panel:. veterinarians had only a few rudimentary tests for blood chemistry components at their.Accurate blood biomarker analysis plus personalized interventions for nutrition,.However, drink plenty of water and take your medications as prescribed. hormone panels, nutrition and ...
Clinical assessment of nutritional status pdf - Blood tests in the assessment of nutritional status an - Assessment of nutritional status in clinical settings
TY - JOUR. T1 - The interaction between morbidity and nutritional status among children under five years old in cambodia. T2 - A longitudinal study. AU - Hondru, Gabriela. AU - Wieringa, Frank T.. AU - Poirot, Etienne. AU - Berger, Jacques. AU - Som, Somphos V.. AU - Theary, Chan. AU - Laillou, Arnaud. PY - 2019/7/1. Y1 - 2019/7/1. N2 - Even though limited evidence is available, the relationship between morbidity and under-nutrition among children under-five is likely to be a strong two-way association. This study aims to explore this vicious cycle by employing longitudinal data of four periods within a 24 month follow-up, whereby morbidity was captured between two subsequent anthropometric measures. Malnutrition was classified according to z-scores of anthropometric measures and morbidity by number of sick days experienced inbetween. Mixed-effects models were used to assess this relation, where dependency of morbidity and nutritional status were interchanged; models were adjusted for province, ...
JULIAN-ALMARCEGUI, C. et al. The nutritional status in adolescent Spanish cyclists. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.4, pp.1184-1189. ISSN 1699-5198. Introduction: Adolescence is an important period of nutritional vulnerability due to the increased dietary requirements. Objective: To describe the nutritional status of adolescent cyclist and a group of normoactive controls. Methods: The HELENA Dietary Assessment Tool was used to evaluate the nutritional intake of 20 adolescent cyclists and 17 controls. Total energy intake, resting energy expenditure (REE), total energy expenditure (TEE), macronutrients and several micronutrients were registered and compared with dietary guidelines. Results: REE was lower and TEE higher in cyclists than in controls (both P , 0.01). Significant differences were observed in phosphorus and vitamin B1 being higher in cyclists (P , 0.05). Most participants, both cyclist and controls, did not reach the diet requirements ...
Results Patients with SSc had reduced phase angle (PhA) values, body cell mass (BCM), percentages of cells, increased extracellular mass (ECM) and ECM/BCM values compared with healthy donors. Malnutrition was best reflected by the PhA values. Of the patients with SSc, 69 (55.7%) had malnutrition that was associated with severe disease and activity. As assessed by multivariate analysis, low predicted forced vital capacity and high N-terminal(NT)-proBNP values discriminated best between good and bad nutritional status. Among different clinical parameters, low PhA values were the best predictors for SSc-related mortality. BMI values were not related to disease symptoms or mortality. Fifty per cent of patients with SSc had a lower energy uptake related to their energy requirement, 19.8% related to their basal metabolism. Nutritional treatment improved the patients nutritional status. ...
Stinging Nettle powder has a mild earthy taste that is similar to spinach without the strong flavour of iron. Rich in vitamins and minerals, it is a powerhouse of nutrients. It contains: Vitamins A, C and K, as well as several B vitamins. Iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. All of the essential 20 ami
Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Generalsurvey of the Skin and Nutritional Status. Question1. Thefirst sign that raises concern is the patient being received by thedog. The patient is at a risk of tripping and falling. On enteringthe home, the safety of couple should be a top priority. To startwith, I will check on Mrs. Gardners general appearance. Thisassessment will check on her level of consciousness, facial features,skin color, and whether she has any distress or not. Her staringblankly will raise concerns too, and it is good to establish how longshe has been in that state. I will then assess her eyes, feet andensure that she is sitting in a comfortable position considering theleft side is weak. Mobility assessment is also vital as well aschecking for any signs of malnutrition. The skin nails and hairshould be assessed to ensure that they are normal. Quickly, I willtake the vitals, height, and weight.. Question2. Becauseshe has been at the hospital and she is showing no ...
Healthy Mitochondria - A Key to Optimal Health Healthy mitochondria is one of the keys to optimal health and wellbeing. According to Dr. Mark Hyman, Director of the Cleveland Clinic Center for Functional Medicine, when mitochondria are damaged, we suffer from low energy, fatigue, memory loss, pain, rapid aging, and more. One of the most common factors that promote mitochondrial dysfunction is nutrient deficiencies - along with excess refined sugar, toxin exposure, lack of exercise, and the overuse of antibiotics.. Common Nutrient Deficiencies. The most prevalent mitochondrial nutrient deficiencies are those of magnesium, zinc, copper, vitamins A, C, D, B-vitamins, glycine, and taurine. An optimum intake of these and other micronutrients protect highly sensitive mitochondria from free-radical injury (i.e. oxidative stress), promote healthy mitochondrial function, and can reverse mitochondrial dysfunction and aging.. This brings me to one of the key and oft-forgotten mitochondrial nutrients - ...
Practical training: Dietary consumption. 24h recall. Food groups, WHO score individual consumption. Methods dietary habits (FFQ), nutrition history. Global food supply and availability. Database of nutrition content in food and the use in nutrition. Table of nutrition content (as bought, as prepared, edible part,as eaten). Software for method of 24h recall. Calculation of 24h intake in nutrients and energy. Nutrition status. Evaluation of nutrition status,anthropometrical methods, measurement. Evaluation of nutritional status - biochemical methods, cholesterol, HDL, TGs. Forms of dietary guidelines. Breastfeeding - case reports. Osteoporosis - calculation of calcium intake. Obesity - methods of slimming. Cognitive behavioral access. Project of epidemiological study. Preparation of model project. Preparation of intervention and education materials. Current questions in nutrition - function food, fat and sugar substitutes, alcohol in nutrition, GMOs, risks of alternative way of nutrition. Critical ...
The objective of this review was to assess the impact of preventive nutrition interventions on health and nutritional status of adolescents aged 10–19 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We searched the databases until 5 February 2019 without any restrictions on publication, date, language, or publication status. A total of 10 studies (15 papers) including 10,802 participants assessing the impact of micronutrient supplementation/fortification were included in this review. We did not find any study assessing the impact of nutrition education and counseling or macronutrient supplementation among adolescents. Among primary outcomes, we are uncertain of the effect of iron supplementation with or without folic acid on anemia (daily supplementation; relative risk (RR): 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42, 2.57; one study; 1160 participants; low-quality evidence; weekly supplementation; RR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.46, 2.52; one study; 1247 participants; low-quality evidence). We are also
An analysis of the breastfeeding pattern at 3 months of age reveals that 86% and 85.7% of babies were exclusively breastfed in study group and controls respectively, whereas partial breastfeeding was given only in 5.9%and 4.8% respectively. The number of exclusively breastfed infants declined to 52.9% and 78.6% at 6 months in study group and controls respectively. In 1996, study by Abdur-rahiman, Ahmad [7] on effects of maternal nutritional status on the outcome of pregnancy, showed that exclusive breastfeeding was given in 80% of babies during first 4 months which declined to only 10% at six months of age. The increased incidence of exclusive breastfeeding in our study is a reflection of our efforts towards implementing a hospital breastfeeding policy.. The mean weight of babies in the study group (2.04±.36kg) was observed to be constantly below the 5th percentile at birth and during the 6 months follow up. The pattern of serial weight gain in this group is in close agreement with serial ...
Mark has supplied an excellent answer to your question; however, I would question the existence of this category of at risk to be malnourished. Children with z-scores between -2 and -1 are normal and should not be labeled as mildly malnourished, at risk of malnutrition, or given any other label which might imply that they need any targeted nutrition intervention. Although the old Gomez and Waterlow classifications had a mild category, the currently-used definitions of malnutrition using z-scores do not include this category. In a population with normal nutritional status, such as the WHO Growth Standard, statistical theory says that 67% of children fall between -1 and +1 standard deviations and that 95% of children fall between -2 and +2 standard deviations. Subtraction tells us that 14% of children in well-nourished populations are between -2 and -1 standard deviations. Unfortunately, this group of children has been labeled as something other than normal in various reports which then ...
1. Introduction Despite all efforts undertaken both nationally and internationally, poor nutritional status is still a fundamental cause of disease and shortened life-span. Most people are aware that many factors are either directly or indirectly responsible for undernutrition, including insecure food supply, lack of basic education, inadequate health services, deteriorated environment, low income, and inadequate empowerment. The factors contributing to malnutrition vary from community to community. However, poverty is nearly always an underlying factor. To improve the nutritional status and improve living conditions in communities, it is necessary to determine the nature, magnitude and causes of malnutrition. Anthropometric indices are internationally accepted as nutrition key indicators of populations. Additionally, they have been recommended repeatedly as a suitable key indicator for poverty as well. The use of anthropometric indicators is based on the extensively observed phenomena that a ...
Malnutrition is a commonly existing problem at Swedish hospitals and nursing homes. Despite this there is a lack of national guidelines for assessment of and interventions during malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate in which way nutritional status can be assessed on an old multipical ill patient in a hospital or at a nursing home. And what nursing interventions the nursing staff can make to improve patients nutritional status. The chosen method was a literature review which was based on twelve scientific articles. The result shows that a combination of anthropometic measurements, biochemical markers and an assessment tool is required for an adequate estimation of nutritional status. Nursing interventions that could be used by the nursing staff are individually adjusted meal support, in between meal snacks, oral feeding support and dietary records. Further knowledge and research is required to reach national guidelines for nutritional assessment ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Disease related malnutrition is a concern for the critically ill, however there is a paucity of research examining nutrition recovery in survivors of critical illness. Prior to the development of nutrition interventions to enhance recovery from critical illness, a more comprehensive understanding of the nutrition recovery trajectory and factors influencing the early stages of ward-based recovery is required. Thus, the overarching purpose of this thesis was to produce a comprehensive body of work that enhances our understanding of various facets of nutrition recovery in the hospitalized, critically ill patient following liberation from mechanical ventilation (LMV). To explore and characterize nutrition recovery, I first evaluated: 1) the feasibility of performing common measures of nutritional status during the first seven days following LMV, 2) nutrition intake following LMV, and 3) meal and food intake patterns of patients prescribed non-modified oral diets following LMV. The compilation of ...
The nutritional care of patients is one of the primary responsibilities of all registered nurses (Persenius et al, 2008). A poor nutritional status can lead to malnutrition, which can have serious consequences for an ...
In the present study, we provided a snapshot of the nutritional status of CD adolescents in Brazil using instruments and methods that are available at any health facility where such patients might be followed. We found that BMI-for-age and height-for-age were significantly lower in the patients with CD than in the controls, a finding that was consistent with those of Burnham et al. [18], who studied 104 children and young adults with CD evaluated an average of 4 years after the disease had been diagnosed (as was the case in the present study).. In a similar study, Thayu et al. [19] investigated a sample of 78 children and adolescents with CD and found significant changes in growth, pubertal development, and body composition (in particular, lean body mass loss) at diagnosis in comparison with the control group, although they found no differences between the genders. The deficit of lean body mass persisted throughout the follow-up period.. In the present study, caloric intake was found to be lower ...
newmser, please keep your contributions civil. thank you. please feel free to post conflicting research if you have found studies that demonstrate no influence of nutritional status on resistance to hiv-aids. general-discussion-f1/topic39.html#p4760 Personal attacks, which can consist of slightly veiled ...
Protecting areas of the ocean and coastlines with whole-site Marine Protected Area (MPA) status can result in four-fold increases in the abundance and diversity of fish populations, a new study has shown.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
E of 62 yrs., mild to moderate airflow limitation, absent or mild emphysema, absent or mild dyspnoea, normal nutritional status and limited comorbidities. Two
I often find myself looking up the nutrient profiles of the foods I eat. I try to do it on a regular basis, just to see where my diet is lacking. What I usually discover, is that Im deficient in one nutrient or another. You really need to eat a lot of really high quality foods to take in the vitamins and minerals that are recommended by the FDA. And even when you pull that off, its still isnt necessarily enough. The daily recommended values that you see printed on the sides of most food packages, often reflect the minimum nutrients you need, rather than the most optimum nutrient intake.. And I know that Im not alone. Despite the fact that people living in the United States have access to more food than anyone else in the world, or throughout human history for that matter, millions of Americans are still deficient in many different kinds of nutrients. The most common of which include:. Vitamin D. Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiencies are skyrocketing in the US. Because we receive ...
Assessment of nutritional status, pre-operative nutrition supplementation and its impact on the outcome of surgery in gastrointestinal malignancies: a prospective study
The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolescents, 1991 and 1993.: Chinese adolescents have experienced an improvement in diet and nutritional s
Biomarkers are Best Indicators of Nutritional Status . TalkingNutrition provides perspectives on the exciting and ever-changing field of nutrition research. Connect with us to stay up-to-date!
Overall aim is to maintain the health of the elderly, nutritional status and quality of life through increased knowledge of staff, and safer practices in the
CAUSES: overeating, eating fast and overly processed foods, eating foods with refined sugars, trans-fats, chemicals, preservatives, not getting in consistent vegetables and fruits, and eating agri-industry meats and poultry.. IF PROBLEM CONTINUES: it can cause people to become overweight, obese, pre-diabetic, diabetic, have high cholesterol and lipids and feel fatigued, tired, depressed, anxious, and have little stamina in life. It can also cause people to crave unhealthy foods.. TO CORRECT: See your healthcare practitioner for a consultation. Suggested Product(s) To Support Nutritional Status:. ...
Wellness to a Tea provides health and wellness coaching in Vancouver, WA and Portland, OR. Read our post, How Stress Can Affect Your Digestion and Nutritional Status.
One or more of the following symptoms can result from an insufficient dietary intake of LACTIC BACTERIA and may be relieved by taking supplementary PROBIOTICS: [ ] Indigestion, bloating after meals [ ] Intestinal gas, especially after sugary foods [ … Continue reading →. ...
Fred Height Weight Age Affairs Body Stats.Frederico Chaves Guedes body measurements statistics figure sports star history and affairs with girls friends list.
[Comparative analysis of certain nutritional parameters of fat in food rations of various population groups. II. Composition of fatty acids].: Daily food ration
... current status and new definition". Food Science and Technology Bulletin: Functional Foods. 7 (1): 1-19. doi:10.1616/1476- ... Nutritional Immunology, as a discipline, aims to understand nutritional factors influencing on immune responses. [...] ... Other related topics of nutritional immunology are: malnutrition, malabsorption and nutritional metabolic disorders including ... Nutritional immunology was identified for the first time in the early 19th century by the identification of an atrophy of the ...
Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less attention during the neonatal period and worse motor functioning. In ... Nutrition and cognition Orthomolecular psychiatry Bedi KS (June 2003). "Nutritional effects on neuron numbers". Nutritional ... Recent research on nutritional mechanisms and their effect on the brain show they are involved in almost every facet of ... Nutritional neuroscience is the scientific discipline that studies the effects various components of the diet such as minerals ...
... is the study of the interplay between human biology, economic systems, nutritional status and food ... Nutritional status affects overall health status, work performance potential, and the overall potential for economic ... These trends have had profound implications for nutritional status for human beings on a global scale. In order to discern how ... Since most if not all food must be purchased under these circumstances, the food security and nutritional status of these newer ...
The labeling system consists of color-coded tags denoting a food product's status. This is based on attributes such as vitamin ... Nutritional rating systems are used to communicate the nutritional value of food in a more-simplified manner, with a ranking ( ... The overall nutritional quality index was a nutritional-rating system developed at the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center ... "NuVal Nutritional Scoring System Will Debut in Major U.S. Chains This September". New Hope Network (via PR Newswire and Comtex ...
Retrieved January 7, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "ILSI can help reverse consumer ... "National Osteoporosis Foundation Hires Taylor C. Wallace". Nutritional Outlook. Retrieved January 22, 2021. "Five Nutrients to ... Official website (CS1 maint: url-status, Use mdy dates from June 2022, Articles with short description, Short description ... Fight Osteoporosis". Nutritional Outlook. Retrieved January 22, 2021. "Past Award Recipients , American Nutrition Association ...
2007). "Nutritional assessment of iron status and anemia in children under 5 years old at public daycare centers". J Pediatr ( ... Nutritional anemia has many different causes, each either nutritional or non-nutritional. Nutritional causes are vitamin and ... nutritional anemia and non-nutritional anemia. Nutritional anemia refers to anemia that can be directly attributed to ... "What is nutritional deficiency anemia? What causes nutritional deficiency anemia?". Medical News Today. Healthline Media. ...
Diet and nutritional status. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 31:341-354, 1978 DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/31.2.341; III. Hormonal factors. Am. J. Clin ... Advancing Nutritional Science". Nestle M, James WPT, Annan R, Margetts B, Geissler C, Kuhnlein H, ... Visiting Professor at the Division of Nutritional Sciences Cornell University Ithaca, New York (1989-90) and at MRC Human ... and is currently Secretary General of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) (2013-2022). Her principal ...
Sonntag, Norman O. V. (1982). "Glycerolysis of fats and methyl esters - Status, review and critique". Journal of the American ... Polyglycerol polyricinoleate Monoglyceride Diglyceride Flickinger, Brent D.; Matsuo, Noboru (February 2003). "Nutritional ...
... a gut-secreted protein displaying nutritional status-dependent regulation". The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 23 (11): ...
The values given in the nutritional labels for total fat, saturated fat, and trans fat do not include those present in mono- ... Sonntag, Norman O. V. (1982). "Glycerolysis of fats and methyl esters - Status, review and critique". Journal of the American ... Flickinger, Brent D.; Matsuo, Noboru (February 2003). "Nutritional characteristics of DAG oil". Lipids. 38 (2): 129-132. doi: ...
These statuses must indicate the reason for the assignment of such a status, which is generally concerns surrounding the ... Sciences, corporatename=CSIRO Food and Nutritional. "CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences". Retrieved 30 ... Notification of this status is then available to buyers with an NLIS account, which grants users access to the NLIS database. ... If M&LA fails to do so, the MDC no longer holds an 'approved donor' status and will not be eligible for matched research and ...
2009). "Iodine Nutritional status of children on the Island of Tanna Republic of Vanuatu". Public Health Nutrition. 12 (9): ... 2008). "Iodine Nutritional status in Tibet". Lancet. 372 (9642): 887-888. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61389-6. PMID 18790302. ... Eastman, CJ.; Li, M.; Tommaso Cavalli-Sforza, l. (2008). "Iodine nutritional status in Tibet". The Lancet. 372 (9642): 887-888 ... "Iodine nutritional status of children on the island of Tanna, Republic of Vanuatu". Public Health Nutrition. 12 (9): 1512-1518 ...
"Nutritional deficiencies in adults and elderly".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "UTRGV professor awarded $3 million ... 182-185.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) Maestre, Gladys E.; Pino-Ramírez, Gloria; Molero, Aldrin E.; Silva, Eglé R ... Gladys Maestre publications indexed by Google Scholar Appearances on C-SPAN (CS1 maint: url-status, CS1 Spanish-language ...
Gibson RS (2005). "Assessment of vitamin B6 status". Principles of Nutritional Assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford ... ビタミンB6は、たんぱく質からのエネルギー産生と皮膚や粘膜の健康維持を助ける栄養素です。{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Scientific Opinion on the ... All nutritional values within this article have been sourced from the USDA's FoodData Central Database. "USDA Food Data Central ... PLP is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, so low vitamin B6
"NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Adults". Retrieved 26 November 2009. Kanjilal, B; et al. (2010). "Nutritional Status of Children ... religion and caste affect the nutritional status of Indians. Living in rural areas also contribute to nutritional status. In ... "NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Children". Retrieved 26 November 2009. "Nutrition and Anaemia" (PDF). Retrieved 26 November 2009. ... Kanjilal, Barun; Mazumdar; Mukherjee; Rahman (January 2010). "Nutritional status of children in India: household socio-economic ...
CS1 maint: url-status, Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Orphaned articles from October 2015 ... Weaver founded Bio Blends, a nutritional supplement range. Weaver has spoken on television and radio as an authoritative figure ... Retrieved 12 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Bio Blend About Dr Libby".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url- ... Weaver, Libby (12 August 2021). "About Dr Libby Weaver - Nutritional biochemist". Dr Libby. ...
... nutritional taboos and traditional birth practices; son preference and its implications for the status of the girl child; ... "Married Women's Status Bill, 1956-Second Stage: Minister for Justice (Mr. Everett)". Oireachtas. 16 January 1957. Archived from ... This period also witnessed significant changes to women's property rights, particularly in relation to their marital status. ( ... "The progress of organised society is judged by the status occupied by married women". In France, married women obtained the ...
The nutritional status was poor as well as hygiene and living conditions. The conditions and class differences were worse in ... In the 1900s the situation improved in Norway and, as a result of decreased poverty, nutritional status improved. Within 100 ... After 1900 living standards and health conditions improved and the nutritional status improved as poverty decreased. ... Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) is a measure of the burden of disease and an indicator of health status. It is described ...
... blood test - MedlinePlus (CS1 German-language sources (de), CS1 maint: url-status, Articles with short description, ... Nutritional Essentiality". Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 21 (1): 14-21. doi:10.1080/07315724.2002.10719188. ... 2 July 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) Schrauzer, Gerhard N. (2002). "Lithium: Occurrence, Dietary Intakes, ... "Antioxidant status in patients with uncomplicated insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus". European ...
It also varies with nutritional status. The formulae for the derived measures are based upon an assumption that the arm is ... Factors influencing the bone, fat, and muscle composition of the upper arm include age, sex, nutritional status, fitness ... The derived measures attempt to provide better indicators of body composition and nutritional status than the principal ... Babette Zemel (2007). "Assessment of Growth and Nutritional Status in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease". In Petar Mamula; ...
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... Yudkin, John (16 September 1944). "The Nutritional Status of Children and Mothers of Industrial Towns". The Medical Officer. ... p. 1. Yudkin, John (1944). "Nutritional Status of Cambridge School-Children". British Medical Journal. ii (4362): 201-214. doi: ... The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of ...
Maternal employment also influences children's nutritional status. For the mothers who work outside, their children are prone ... "Nutritional status of the preschool children of the Klong Toey slum, Bangkok". The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine ... Low socioeconomic status of its residents is another common characteristic attributed to slum residents. Slums are often placed ... In Ethiopia and the Niger, rates of child malnutrition in urban slums are around 40%. The major nutritional problems in slums ...
"The 2nd National Health and Nutritional Status Survey (NHANSS)" (PDF). Ministry of Health Brunei Darussalam. 2014. p. 59. " ... Dettwyler KA (July 1992). "Nutritional status of adults in rural Mali". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 88 (3): 309- ... "National nutritional survey for adult Bahrainis aged 19 years and above" (PDF). Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Bahrain. 2002. ... cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese ...
Similarly, statistics on the mother's marital status are determined by whether she is married at the end of the pregnancy, not ... Many pregnant teens are at risk of nutritional deficiencies from poor eating habits common in adolescence, including attempts ... Peña E, Sánchez A, Solano L (2003). "Profile of nutritional risk in pregnant adolescents". Archivos Latinoamericanos de ... "Calcium and vitamin D status of pregnant teenagers in Maiduguri, Nigeria". Journal of the National Medical Association. 89 (12 ...
Ange-van Heugten, K.; Timmer, S.; Jansen, W.L.; Verstegen, M.W.A. (2008). "Nutritional and health status of woolly monkeys". ...
"Publications: Sarah Evanega". Retrieved 2021-12-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) (CS1 maint: url-status, Articles ... food security and nutritional quality. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-94-007-7575-6. "The Science and Politics of ... Retrieved 2021-12-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "AWARE". CALS. Retrieved 2021-12-19. "2020 Women in Award ... Retrieved 2021-12-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) GIFSconf18 - Beyond The Bench: Building Alliances, Embracing ...
The department has a Center for Nutritional Studies. The department was awarded an Excellent status in 2006 by FIST, a ...
"Nutritional and dignity concern at James Paget Hospital". BBC. 9 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2018. "Norfolk hospital's care ... "James Paget Hospital 'black alert' status". BBC News. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2018. "Bug outbreak prompts James ... found that the hospital was in the moderate concern category with respect to meeting the needs of some patients in nutritional ...
Klein J. D.; Garfin S. R. (1996). "Nutritional status in the patient with spinal infection". Orthop. Clin. N. Am. 27 (1): 33-36 ... 1994). "HIV status does not affect microbiologic spectrum or neurologic outcome in spinal infections". Surg. Neurol. 42 (5): ... Existing evidence does not allow drawing definite conclusions about the status of disc replacement at present. Many failed back ... However, leg pain relief and greater back-related functional status continued to favor those initially receiving surgical ...
Smith, Susan H. (April 2017). "Using albumin and prealbumin to assess nutritional status". Nursing2021. 47 (4): 65-66. doi: ... and vitamin K status. The serum glucose test, abbreviated as "BG" or "Glu", measures the liver's ability to produce glucose ( ...
Food Additive Status List , FDA Australian Food Additive Codes Portal: Food (Articles with short description, Short description ... Bulking agents Bulking agents such as starch are additives that increase the bulk of a food without affecting its nutritional ... "Food Additive Status List". FDA. 26 August 2021. "Cashew oil may conquer cavities. (tooth decay)". Science News. March 23, 1991 ...
... has many uses, ranging from traditional medicine to nutritional intake. Laminaria is high in iodine, a ... Flora without expected TNC conservation status). ...
CS1 maint: url-status, CS1 maint: uses authors parameter, CS1 maint: unfit URL, All articles with dead external links, Articles ... Specifically, there was no evidence for health risks, and the nutritional content was unchanged. According to the existing ... Retrieved 2022-03-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "About Just Label It , Just Label It". ... Retrieved March 25, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "MONSANTO OFFERS $218 MILLION FOR REST OF CALGENE". The New ...
The rise in status and popularity of this new position was accompanied by a drop in status for midwives. By the 1800s, affluent ... In some cultures the placenta may be consumed as a nutritional boost, but it may also be seen as a special part of birth and ... guidelines recommend a full evaluation of the maternal-fetal status, the status of the cervix, and at least a 39 completed ... and does not appear to have an immediate effect on neonatal status as determined by Apgar scores. Augmentation is the process ...
... infectious diseases have deleterious effects on nutritional status, and nutritional deficiencies can lower the strength of the ... Higher obesity rates tend to be observed in LMICs and it has been believed that lower socio-economic statuses (SES) leads to ... When HIV-positive women reveal their HIV status to their HIV-negative husbands, they are often accused of infidelity and face ... Nimmagadda A, O'Brien WA, Goetz MB (March 1998). "The significance of vitamin A and carotenoid status in persons infected by ...
More than 90 percent of those infected had not been vaccinated, or their vaccination status was not known. Paul Hébert, editor- ... According to CNN, Wakefield said the patent he held was for "an 'over-the-counter nutritional supplement' that boosts the ...
Sometimes, the issue with urban food deserts is not the lack of food in the area but rather the lack of nutritional knowledge ... food choice bound by family and household socioeconomic status remained as a personal challenge, but social and physical ... With limited diversity in their diets, those who live in Cape Town are highly dependent on foods of low nutritional value and ... whether it be fresh or prepared nutritional values of the foods offered The multitude of definitions, varying by country, has ...
"Slides & Tables : Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2010 - ISAAA Brief 42-2010 -". "Information for ... composition and nutritional data of the novel food compared to the original non-modified food' potential for new toxins; and ... Clive James (2009). "ISAAA Brief 41-2009: Executive Summary: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops The first ... and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency are responsible for evaluating the safety and nutritional value of genetically modified ...
Although they are from the Singaporean middle class, they are stuck at almost the same level and share status with the third ... With this jump in earnings, one benefit that has been seen is the nutritional improvement in households of migrant workers. ... The first group is made up of expatriate wives who are often reduced to dependent spouse status by immigration laws. The second ... a Canadian Supreme Court case ruling on foreign worker status) Mercenary Mexican Americans Migrant domestic workers Migrant ...
... a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high. Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less ... November 2005). "Zinc status and taste acuity in older Europeans: the ZENITH study". European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 59 ... A model of the nutritional impact of these lower zinc quantities on the populations of 151 countries predicts that an ... Hambidge, M (2003). "Biomarkers of trace mineral intake and status". Journal of Nutrition. 133. 133 (3): 948S-955S. doi:10.1093 ...
Jared Diamond suggests that the status of women declined with the adoption of agriculture because women in farming societies ... It is thought that wild foods can have a significantly different nutritional profile than cultivated foods. The greater amount ... Archaeological evidence from art and funerary rituals indicates that a number of individual women enjoyed seemingly high status ... and maximised their nutritional value Thermally altered rock (heated stones) are easily identifiable in the archaeological ...
They may visit quite different flowers from the workers because of their different nutritional needs. Bees beat their wings ... Paul H. Williams, to assess the threat status of bumblebee species worldwide using Red List criteria. Bumblebee conservation is ...
The nutritional status of children in Nepal has improved over the last two decades. Decreasing trends of children having ... The remaining 25% are due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional (CMNN) diseases. Ischemic heart disease (16.4% ...
Spring Semester in Nutritional Sciences (leads to final certificate, taught in English) Experiential Learning in Nutritional ... Esitpa changes its status, becoming an administrative public establishment in the Chambers of Agriculture network In 2013, " ...
However, it was later found that ploidy status and genome size can vary within and between species. Some species of Caulerpa ... de Gaillande, Clara; Payri, Claude; Remoissenet, Georges; Zubia, Mayalen (2016-07-31). "Caulerpa consumption, nutritional value ... "Comparative production and nutritional value of "sea grapes" - the tropical green seaweeds Caulerpa lentillifera and C. ...
Professionally, Jolie's status as a sex symbol has been considered both an asset and a hindrance. Some of her most commercially ... Strauss, Robert (May 16, 1997). "'True Women' Cooks Up a Tale of Suffering With No Nutritional Value". The Philadelphia ... Ludwig added Jolie's fashion icon status is also of interest here "Glamour Style Icon of the Week Angelina Jolie Gives Us 8 ... Retrieved September 15, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Angelina Jolie makes surprise Ukraine visit, meets ...
Altered mental status can be caused by medical conditions such as seizures. However, many other agents can be responsible as ... "Post-pyloric versus gastric tube feeding for preventing pneumonia and improving nutritional outcomes in critically ill adults ... Altered mental status: Changes in levels of consciousness affect the swallow mechanism by both disabling the body's natural ... Dietary modifications or nothing-by-mouth status also have no effect on a patient's ability to handle their own secretions. A ...
"Dan Y. Han - AdlerPedia".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "KPA Award winners".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status ( ... which incorporates interdisciplinary teamwork to address dietetic and nutritional needs of clinical patient populations. This ... "Your brain on Skittles: It may not be telling you the truth".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Our Mission". ISN: The ... Retrieved 2020-12-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Neurogastronomy: How our brains perceive the flavor of food". ...
"Burger King UK Nutritional Guide". Burger King Holdings. Archived from the original on 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2004-10-27. BK ... Akhtar declared it was his personal jihad to find those responsible for the packaging and destroy their professional status, ... A 1985 agreement with the New York city public health commissioner's office, over publication of nutritional data regarding the ... BK publication (January 2008). "Burger King US Nutritional Brochure" (PDF). Burger King Holdings. Archived from the original ( ...
Mellanby's status as a scientist meant that he was in a reserved occupation and forbidden from joining the armed forces. ... The institute was charged in 1942 with looking into the nutritional value of high extraction wheat. As a result of this ...
NDLOVU, L. R. and SIBANDA, L.M. (1991). Improving the Nutritional Status of Smallholder Livestock in Agro-Silvicultural Systems ... S2CID 58657351.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) (CS1 maint: url-status, Articles with a promotional tone from ... url-status (link) "CGIAR System Board as a voting Board Member". 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Nestle Board ... url-status (link) "Forum for FARA Award for Exemplary leadership (2014)". 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Food ...
Retrieved 29 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) (CS1 maint: url-status, Articles with short description, ... In response to disasters, emergency survival relief consists of safe drinking water, temporary shelter, nutritional food, ... access to safe physical settings with reduced exposure to the effects of natural disasters regardless of socioeconomic status. ...
Lucy Wills, discovered nutritional factor in yeast (folate), which prevented macrocytic anaemia in pregnancy. Helen Mary Wilson ... In 1838, Blackwell's father, Samuel Blackwell, died, leaving the family in poor economic status during a national economic ... Colville, Deborah (2011). "UCL Bloomsbury Project". UCL Bloomsbury Project.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) ... url-status, Use dmy dates from April 2022, Coordinates on Wikidata, Medical schools in London, Former colleges of the ...
However, nutritional quality of leaves is seasonal and appears to be best from fall to early spring. Indigenous peoples of ... Flora without expected TNC conservation status). ...
With P. McCormack.) Nutritional studies of the dermatophytes-effect on growth and morphology, with special reference to the ... With B. M. Kesten and M. Silva.) The genus Cryptococcus: the present status and criteria for the identification of species. ... With J. M. Einbinder and C. T. Nelson.) Nutritional studies of the dermatophytes with special reference to the red- pigment ... Nutritional studies of the dermatophytes with special reference to Trichophyton megnini Blanchard 1896 and Trichophyton ...
Zohry, A. (2003). "Nutritional habits of unskilled rural laborers in Cairo". Nutritional Anthropology. 26: 19-22. Warschauer, M ... Academy for Educational Development (AED). Hassan SS; Zohry, A. G. (1994) The Annual Statistical Report on the Status of Arab ... Current Status and Future Potentials, IMISCOE Research, Amsterdam University Press, Pp: 75-98. Megahed, N., Abdellah, A., & ...
Retrieved 7 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) D'Cruz PM, Yasumura D, Weir J, Matthes MT, Abderrahim H, ... The Sprague Dawley rat is an outbred, multipurpose breed of albino rat used extensively in medical and nutritional research. ... url-status, Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Commons category link is on Wikidata ...
... but much of the nutritional requirements of this coral are met by the zooxanthellae housed within its tissues. These symbiotic ... and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being "near threatened". A colony ...
Nutritional Status of Minority Children - United States, 1986 The Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS) was ... The low prevalence after 12 months of age may reflect improved nutritional status as well as genetically based differences in ... Editorial Note: These results reflect nutritional status among children from low-income families enrolled in certain publicly ... nutritional status. Am J Clin Nutr (in press). ... established by CDC in 1974 to monitor the nutritional status of ...
1969)‎. Some anthropometric indicators of nutritional status. WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific. ...
Guy Sela takes us through nutritional testing and monitoring procedures for those tiny precious seedlings. ... Plug Plants: Testing and Monitoring Their Nutritional Status. By Guy Sela Published: December 1, 2013 , Last updated: August 11 ... This method for testing the nutritional status of plug plants was developed by North Carolina State University. It is simpler ... Very low salt levels, indicating very low nutrient status.. 0 - 0.25. 0 - 0.74. 0 - 1.0. 0 - 1.0. ...
Accurate measurement of vitamin levels is therefore essential for identifying individuals affected by nutritional deficiencies ... Assessment of nutritional status has been performed by a variety of techniques, including microbiological, enzymatic, ... To improve the accuracy and reliability of nutritional status assessments, NIST is developing a series of serum-based Standard ... ...
The womans nutritional status during these periods has important implications for both her own health ... ... The assessment of the nutritional status of the community (‎with special reference to field surveys in developing regions of ... Assessing the iron status of populations: including literature reviews: report of a Joint World Health Organization/Centers for ... Nutritional surveillance data are essential to effectively design, implement and evaluate policies and strategies aimed at ...
We summarized the results of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine ... Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 ... children who reported eating breakfast on a consistent basis tended to have superior nutritional profiles than their breakfast- ... We summarized the results of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine ...
Subjects in 4 BMI categories differed in their immune parameters demonstrating influence of nutritional status on immunity. ... Immune status is influenced by malnutrition, but how this factor interacts in developing countries and whether these ... Nutritional status influences peripheral immune cell phenotypes in healthy men in rural Pakistan. *Iftikhar Alam. 1,2, ... Niyongabo T, Bouchaud O, Henzel D, Melchior JC, Samb B, Daza MC, Ruggeri C, Begue JC, Coulaud JP, Larouze B: Nutritional status ...
... food science human nutrition median intake nutrient composition nutrition research nutritional sciences nutritional status ... Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation ... Institute of Medicine; Committee on Nutritional Status During ... Mitigating the Nutritional Impacts of the Global Food Price Crisis: Workshop Summary (2010) Proceedings ... Examining Special Nutritional Requirements in Disease States: Proceedings of a Workshop (2018) Proceedings ...
Improvement of the Nutritional Status Regarding Nicotinamide (Vitamin B3) and the Disease Course of COVID-19 (COVit-2). The ... Improvement of the Nutritional Status Regarding Nicotinamide (Vitamin B3) and the Disease Course of COVID-19. ... Based on the literature, it seems likely that a nutritional intervention with nicotinamide (a form of vitamin B3) can support ...
Whole body leucine turnover and nutritional status in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis T. H. J. Goodship; T. H. J. ... 1. Nutritional status and leucine turnover has been measured in ten patients with chronic renal failure before the onset of ... Whole body leucine turnover and nutritional status in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 November ...
Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban ... Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali) ...
Categories: Bones/Joints, Arthritis, Skeletal Fluorosis, Susceptible Populations, Nutritional Status, Sources of Exposure, Tea ... Skeletal fluorosis in relation to drinking water, nutritional status and living habits in rural areas of Maharashtra, India. ... of the people affected with severe fluorosis belongs to the low socio-economic status and they had generalized nutritional ... Because fluoride has a major effect on bones, the status of both fluoride and bone was studied in long-term home parenteral ...
There was a small, but statistically significant, association between improved latrine and nutritional status in preschool ... ABSTRACT Access to improved sanitation and hygiene may improve child nutritional status by reducing exposure to enteric ... Dietary diversity and nutritional status among children in rural Burkina Faso. Int Health 382: 426-427. ... Dietary diversity and nutritional status among children in rural Burkina Faso. Int Health 382: 426-427. ...
Palavras-chave : growth; nutritional status; adolescent; nutritional transition. · resumo em Português · texto em Português , ... SILVA, Janine Pereira da et al. Growth and nutritional status of adolescents of public education system. J. Hum. Growth Dev. [ ... OBJECTIVE: To describe the growth and nutritional status of adolescents of public schools. METHODS: Epidemiological, cross- ... In the nutritional evaluation, the Height/Age (H/A) and Body Mass Index/Age (BMI/A) indexes, in z-score, of the WHO reference ( ...
Growth and nutritional status, and their association with lung function: a study from the international Primary Ciliary ... Growth and nutritional status, and their association with lung function: a study from the international Primary Ciliary ... Growth and nutritional status, and their association with lung function: a study from the international Primary Ciliary ... Growth and nutritional status, and their association with lung function: a study from the international Primary Ciliary ...
Thus, food subsidy programs for pregnant women and children should aim to focus on improving nutritional status in the longer ... This review summarises the evidence for the health and nutritional impacts of food subsidy programs among disadvantaged ... although proportionally higher in those of low socio-economic status. Food subsidy programs are one strategy to promote healthy ... From: Food subsidy programs and the health and nutritional status of disadvantaged families in high income countries: a ...
ABSTRACT The nutritional status of 645 male and 635 female preschool children in Kuwait was assessed. Mothers were interviewed ... Kuwait nutritional survey: comparison of the nutritional status of Kuwaiti children aged 0-5 years with the NCHS/CDC reference ... Although the nutritional status of preschool children in Kuwait is better than that reported in Oman [11], Bahrain [12] or ... ABSTRACT: The nutritional status of 645 male and 635 female preschool children in Kuwait was assessed. Mothers were interviewed ...
Nutritional status comparison of rural with urban school children in Faisalabad District, Pakistan ... The nutritional status of any community is dependent on numerous factors, among them food security, food safety, social status ... Nutritional status comparison of rural with urban school children in Faisalabad District, Pakistan. AUTHORS. Ijaz Anwer1 MBBS, ... The nutritional status of urban school-going children is shown (Table 3). Overall, more than 55% of urban school children were ...
Applying boron to coconut palm plants: effects on the soil, on the plant nutritional status and on productivity boron to ... Santos et al. (2004), in an evaluation of the nutritional status of a coconut palm orchard, reported that boron was one of the ... The objective of this research study was to evaluate the effect of boron on the nutritional status of the plant and its ... Nutritional equilibrium is essential for high and sustainable productivity of the coconut palm tree (Srinivasa Reddy et al., ...
For nutritional status classification, body mass index (BMI)-for-age z-scores and height-for-age z-scores for children and ... Nutritional status of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia: A case for early and ongoing nutrition support and intervention. J ... The relationship between nutritional status, vitamin A and zinc levels and oxidative stress in patients with ataxia- ... Regarding nutritional status, 8/25 (32%) were malnourished; only 1/25 (4%) was overweight; and 8/19 (42%) showed short stature ...
Early nutritional assessment and support might confer beneficial effects. ... Association of nutritional status and serum albumin levels with development of toxicity in patients with advanced non-small ... Association of nutritional status and serum albumin levels with development of toxicity in patients with advanced non-small ... Baseline nutritional status evaluation was performed by three Clinical Nutritionists (CNs) (KS, GS, and ST) and consisted of ...
"Comparative Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Shortened Dental Arch Patients With Completely Dentulous Patients Using Mini ... Results:- It is expected that this study would provide difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared ... In this study, we willevaluate the difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared to completely ... Nutritional Assessment- Short Form" - A Cross- Sectional Study. Dr.Shanvi Agrawal. Abstract. Objective: There are various ...
Data on nutritional status used were collected between October 2009 and January 2010. We used binomial and multiple logistic ... This study sought to determine effect of mothers education on child nutritional status of children living in slum settings. ... Overall, mothers education persists as a strong predictor of childs nutritional status in urban slum settings, even after ... Other factors including at child level: child birth weight and gender; maternal level: marital status, parity, pregnancy ...
Impact of Nutrition and Nutritional Status on Biomarkers of Ill-Health and on Later Diseases in Children and Adolescents c. ... Felk r s cikkek bek ld s re a Special Issue "Impact of Nutrition and Nutritional Status on Biomarkers of Ill-Health and on ... "Impact of Nutrition and Nutritional Status on Biomarkers of Ill-Health and on Later Diseases in Children and Adolescents c. ...
We systematically reviewed the literature on the role of nutritional status in predicting QoL in cancer. We searched MEDLINE ... We searched the MEDLINE database using the terms "nutritional status" or "nutritional assessment" or "nutritional screening" or ... eight concluded that nutritional status was significantly associated with QoL, one found nutritional status to be significantly ... while 1 study concluded that there was no association between nutritional status and QoL. Nutritional status is a strong ...
Role of nutritional status and intervention in oesophageal cancer treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy: outcomes from ... Nutritional Risk Index (NRI) scores were calculated; NRI,100 identified patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional ... We aimed to identify nutritional prognostic factors and survival outcomes associated with nutritional intervention in the ... Nutritional Risk Index is a simple and objective screening tool to identify patients at risk of malnutrition. ...
The community bears the brunt of inequities, reflected in their poor nutritional and socioeconomic status. We have employed ... poor education status and poor population growth have been conferred the status of Scheduled Tribe by the Government of India ... This implies that while framing a policy for improvement in the nutrition status in such population, a holistic approach is ... as we wanted to understand the contextual factors for Baiga tribal childrens inferior nutrition status. Twenty in-depth ...
The aim of the study was to determine the dietary intake and nutritional status of children with SCD. This was a cross ... the need to develop comprehensive management coupling nutritional therapy to medical care to improve their nutritional status. ... Nutritional management should focus much on calcium-rich foods and antioxidants nutrients particularly vitamin C and E to ... Height and weight were measured for participants and their haemoglobin levels were determined to assess their anaemia status. ...
Body mass index: a measure of the nutritional status in Indian populations. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994; S131-140. ... Body mass index: a measure of the nutritional status in Indian populations. ...
Other anthropometric variables for assessing nutritional status. In acutely ill children, height and weight measurements may be ... encoded search term (Nutritional Considerations in Failure to Thrive) and Nutritional Considerations in Failure to Thrive What ... Nutritional Considerations in Failure to Thrive. Updated: Feb 22, 2021 * Author: Simon S Rabinowitz, MD, PhD, FAAP; Chief ... Maggioni A, Lifshitz F. Nutritional management of failure to thrive. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1995 Aug. 42(4):791-810. [QxMD ...
  • Immune status is influenced by malnutrition, but how this factor interacts in developing countries and whether these differences are similar to those determined in industrialized countries, is unclear. (
  • Nutritional Risk Index is a simple and objective screening tool to identify patients at risk of malnutrition. (
  • Fresubin is a reliable and effective nutritional supplement range designed specifically for people who require a supplementary dietary intake to reduce the risk of malnutrition, yet still want to enjoy flavour and individual choice at the same time. (
  • To check malnutrition in infants and pregnant women, the village health and sanitation committee will now be responsible to create awareness about nutritional issue, to carry out surveys on nutritional status in their regions and to include nutritional needs in the village health plan. (
  • The double burden of malnutrition was evident within the same households and the following key drivers of stunting were identified: being of male gender, lower weight at birth, low dietary diversity and poor maternal nutritional status. (
  • Accurate measurement of vitamin levels is therefore essential for identifying individuals affected by nutritional deficiencies and for evaluating the potential health benefits associated with dietary supplementation. (
  • Over 90% of the people affected with severe fluorosis belongs to the low socio-economic status and they had generalized nutritional deficiencies. (
  • They are an effective solution for the dietary management of people with or at risk of nutritional deficiencies. (
  • Micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in many HIV-infected populations, and numerous studies have reported that these deficiencies impair the body immune responses and are associated with low or poor nutritional status. (
  • Although nutritional deficiencies have been demonstrated to cause cataracts in animal models, this etiology has been difficult to confirm in humans. (
  • On the other side, undernutrition causes nutritional deficiencies that provoke immunity disorders and elevated risk for infectious diseases. (
  • The Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS) was established by CDC in 1974 to monitor the nutritional status of children who are under 60 months of age and from high-risk, low-income families participating in certain programs designed to improve the health of young children. (
  • It is difficult to assess the effect of the oil boom on the nutritional status of the Kuwaiti population because limited data are available to describe the food and nutrition situation before 1979. (
  • In Pakistan, there is a significant difference in the economic status, life style and nutrition between urban and rural populations, and between male and female children. (
  • We recommend that more providers implement the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) guidelines for oncology patients, which includes nutritional screening, nutritional assessment and intervention as appropriate. (
  • Neurological disorders arising from injuries to the central nerve system may compromise the nutritional status depending on the affected area, having sometimes a detrimental effect on the physical and cognitive capacities required for a proper nutrition. (
  • All species were good sources of the essential fatty acids, and particularly of C22:6n-3 (5.2-13.3% total FA) and C20:4n-6 (7.2-14.6% total FA), signifying their high nutritional quality for human nutrition. (
  • Students usually study modules in Biochemical and Molecular approaches to Nutrition, Applied Nutrition, Nutritional assessment recommendations and requirements, Research methods and Biostatistics, Diet and Disease, Public Health and Nutrition Behaviour, Food Science & Microbiology. (
  • To improve the households' nutritional status interventions that are both nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive should be implemented. (
  • For the data collection a questionnaire "-Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA™" was used, focusing on issues related to nutrition. (
  • Evaluate the mineral and electrolyte status in short bowel syndrome patients receiving intermittent parenteral nutrition or oral feeding. (
  • Initial population-based studies have found that increased prevalence of age-related cataracts has been associated with lower socioeconomic status, lower education level, and poorer overall nutrition. (
  • Introduces fundamentals of nutrition and analysis of nutritional status. (
  • Since 1960, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has had a prominent role in improving the health of all people living in the U.S. NHANES is the most comprehensive survey of the health and nutritional status of the U.S. population. (
  • The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a nationally representative population-based survey designed to assess the health and nutritional status of the civilian non-institutionalized US population. (
  • Dietitians use these tools for nutrition assessment but there are tools that everyone can use too keep track of basic nutrition status. (
  • Nutrition is a part of everyday life and nutrition status changes have a serious impact on short term and long term health. (
  • The programme has been developed to meet the growing need for health and social care professionals to have a fundamental knowledge of nutrition, as they become increasingly tasked with the responsibility to provide nutritional support and advice. (
  • If you are a health professional that would like to advance your knowledge of the role nutrition plays in managing health to a high level, this course will equip you with the necessary nutritional expertise to work alongside nutrition-based health professionals to make important contributions to the nutritional wellbeing of patients. (
  • regarding socio-demographic variables, most of the patients had rated socioeconomic status between B1 and C1. (
  • What type of interventions improve adherence to recommendations on nutritional intake? (
  • We also study the effects of nutritional interventions, including antioxidants and nutraceuticals, on outcome to primary influenza infection or as adjuvants to vaccination in both animal models and in humans. (
  • Interventions focused on improving maternal nutritional status during pregnancy and improved dietary diversity in children are essential in order to combat the prevailing stunting levels in the Breede Valley sub-district. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Nutritional status of rural pregnant women. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Relationship between nutritional and psychological status of pregnant adolescents and non-adolescents in Brazil. (
  • Overall, mothers' education persists as a strong predictor of child's nutritional status in urban slum settings, even after controlling for other factors. (
  • Human studies published in English, having nutritional status as one of the predictor variables, and QoL as one of the outcome measures were included. (
  • Nutritional status is a strong predictor of QoL in cancer patients. (
  • Nutritional intervention included dietary advice, oral supplementation or major intervention (enteral feeding/tube placement). (
  • Nutritional support with sodium and water supplementation can maintain or improve the growth of children with polyuric, salt-wasting CRI. (
  • Our dedicated nutritional supplement for cancer patients - Supportan - offers high-caloric high protein supplementation with a high amount of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids from fish oil. (
  • In summary, supplementation of a soy protein formula improved the nutritional status of surgical patients and those suffering from long-term chronic disease. (
  • Nutritional epidemiological studies aim to elucidate the relationship between dietary intake and disease occurrence at the population level. (
  • In this case it makes sense to top up our intake of nutrients with suitable nutritional supplements. (
  • Dietary Intake and Nutritional Assessment. (
  • The goals of dysphagia treatment are to maintain adequate nutritional intake for the patient and to maximize airway protection. (
  • 1969)‎. Some anthropometric indicators of nutritional status. (
  • After signing the informed consent by participants or their parents or guardians, nutritional consultation was scheduled to collect identification data and anthropometric data for the examination of bioelectrical impedance analysis and classification of nutritional status. (
  • this is a sample that shows anthropometric commitments and important nutritional need for systematic monitoring of health education. (
  • In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the World Food Programme (WFP) produced interim guidelines with recommendations for providing nutritional support to patients in Ebola treatment units (ETUs) ( 1 ). (
  • Assessment of nutritional status in the new system of dietary monitoring in the Netherlands). (
  • Assessment of nutritional status has been performed by a variety of techniques, including microbiological, enzymatic, immunoassay, and chromatographic approaches. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To measure the relationship between a clinical assessment of nutritional status on hospital admission and subsequent mortality, functional dependence, and nursing home use. (
  • 20 years of age to improve maternal nutritional status, literacy level, and health education for utilization of health services. (
  • In addition, the maternal nutritional profile was determined to be poor. (
  • Subjects in 4 BMI categories differed in their immune parameters demonstrating influence of nutritional status on immunity. (
  • Dramatic increases in our trying to understand the immune system and the nutritional status factors that regulate the immune system function have demonstrated a remarkable concordance between host nutritional status and immunity to almost all known infectious agents. (
  • Such variation adds significant complexity to the identification of "normal" ranges for nutritional analytes, and reduces the reliability of vitamin deficiency diagnoses. (
  • The frequency of selective eating and nutritional deficiency was studied among 22 children with autism and an age matched typically developing control group. (
  • We summarized the results of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine studies), body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies) in children and adolescents. (
  • To describe the growth and nutritional status of adolescents of public schools. (
  • Rondó PH, Souza MR, Moraes F, Nogueira F. Relationship between nutritional and psychological status of pregnant adolescents and non-adolescents in Brazil. (
  • This study detected a relationship between the nutritional and the psychological status of pregnant women, although there were more associations for non-adolescents. (
  • Previous studies of the relationship between nutritional status and hospital outcomes are limited by inadequate accounting for other potential predictors of adverse outcomes, the failure to consider functional outcomes, and the omission of clinical assessments of nutritional status. (
  • Let us understand the relationship between nutritional status and your body immune system . (
  • Editorial Note: These results reflect nutritional status among children from low-income families enrolled in certain publicly supported health programs in 1986. (
  • Nutritional status research among children in the age of 4 and 8 years). (
  • Although the quality of breakfast was variable within and between studies, children who reported eating breakfast on a consistent basis tended to have superior nutritional profiles than their breakfast-skipping peers. (
  • The nutritional status of 645 male and 635 female preschool children in Kuwait was assessed. (
  • A literature review revealed a serious lack of data describing the nutritional status of preschool children in Kuwait. (
  • Such differences affect the health and nutritional status of children. (
  • This study was undertaken in order to assess the nutritional and growth status of male and female school-going children aged 6-12 years from rural and urban areas in Pakistan. (
  • Growth assessment is the best single measure to define the health and nutritional status of children. (
  • This study sought to determine effect of mother's education on child nutritional status of children living in slum settings. (
  • In addition, the Fifth Global Nutritional Report estimates that in East Africa 44 % of children under-five were stunted while 31 % were underweight in 2005 [ 3 ]. (
  • Letter from the authors of "Improved Growth in Young Children with Severe Chronic Renal Insufficiency Who Use Specified Nutritional Therapy," which appeared on pages 2418-2426 of the November 2001 issue of JASN. (
  • The long-term prognosis of children with early-onset chronic renal failure has improved dramatically in the last decade as a result of technologic and pharmacologic improvements in dialysis and transplantation, aggressive nutritional support, correction of metabolic defects, and effective treatment of renal osteodystrophy. (
  • The nutritional therapy we prescribed for the children consisted of an enteral formula diluted with water to a caloric density of 0.3 to 0.5 kcal/ml and supplemented with 2 to 4 mEq of sodium (as chloride, bicarbonate, or both) per 100 ml of formula (Appendix). (
  • Children with neurological damage are often affected by one or more factors that hamper proper food ingestion, such as alterations to chewing and gastric emptying, gastroesophageal reflux, motor incoordination, inability to feed oneself, which lead to nutritional and growth anomalies 3 . (
  • Malnourished children do not grow normally and their reply to the stimuli that promote development is hindered and increase nutritional risk. (
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of household food insecurity and nutritional status among secondary school children in Kuantan, Pahang. (
  • In 2009, a team of scientists teamed up with the National Education Departments of Dakar to see if they could improve the nutritional status of school-aged children in Senegal. (
  • Because of that, global health research on growth has almost entirely focused on the first five years of life with huge efforts in improving the nutritional status of young children. (
  • The committee will also facilitate early detection of malnourished children and women and ensure referrals to them to the nearest nutritional rehabilitation centres. (
  • Objectives Comparing the nutritional status of children under-five and the possible contributing factors from different small-scale surveys conducted by CWS in different regions in Indonesia Methods CWS collected information on nutritional status and its contributing factors through small-scale surveys in CWS intervention areas. (
  • Objective To test the association between RWG, genetic polymorphisms and children's nutritional status Methodology (Manuscript 1): Cross-sectional study with databases of population surveys in children with adequate birth weight in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru to estimate the association between RWG and excess weight in children aged 0 to 5 years. (
  • To evaluate the sweetness taste preference levels and their relationship with the nutritional and dental caries patterns among preschool children. (
  • Is there enough evidence to show that increased household income and a better diet can improve children?s nutritional status? (
  • Short-term refeeding of previously energy-restricted C57BL/6 male mice improves nutritional status and restores natural killer cell function after primary influenza infection. (
  • The original article "Association between self-perceived health, food markers and nutritional status: Vigitel survey in the state of São Paulo" published in BEPA, in December 2022, evaluated the prevalence of self-perceived health in adults and elderly people in the state of São Paulo Paul. (
  • The relevant correlation between severity of ataxia and disease progression with metabolic changes such as liver function impairment and insulin resistance reinforce the importance to monitoring metabolic changes and evaluate nutritional status in these patients. (
  • We tested whether long-term (3 mo) late evening snacking that included a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-enriched nutrient mixture produces a better nutritional state and better quality of life than ordinary food in patients with hepatitis C virus-positive liver cirrhosis. (
  • The effects of undernutrition on immune status may be judged from the fact that a substantial part of the lean mass of human body is comprised of lymphocytes [ 7 ]. (
  • 1. Nutritional status and leucine turnover has been measured in ten patients with chronic renal failure before the onset of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and after 3 months treatment, and in five normal subjects. (
  • Low birthweight is a retrospective marker of the mother's nutritional and health status while it is also a prospective marker of the child's growth and development. (
  • The objective of this research study was to evaluate the effect of boron on the nutritional status of the plant and its productivity when artificially applied to the culture soil. (
  • Thus, the objective of the study was to carry out a nutritional assessment of a composite jackfruit breakfast meal comprising seeds and flesh. (
  • The main objective of the study was to determine the association of household food security status with mother/caregiver-child pair's (MCCP) nutritional status using Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Food Consumption Score (FCS). (
  • Objective: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the nutritional improvement and quality of life of patients who were rehabilitated with implants. (
  • The 1990 objective regarding the prevalence of overweight was recently revised to state: 'By 1990, the prevalence of overweight (BMI of 27.8 or higher for men and 27.3 for women) among the U.S. adult population should be reduced, without impairment of nutritional status, to approximately 18% of men and 21% of women' (6). (
  • Biochemical parameters related to nutritional status of fruit were measured when an abscission peak occurred 38 days AFB. (
  • Vitamin B 6 is converted to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), the analyte of clinical interest when assessing vitamin B 6 dietary status. (
  • The document aimed to address key clinical problems for EVD patients, their nutritional needs, and optimal nutritional care, including the practical aspects of providing nutritional support within treatment centers. (
  • Most of the articles (n = 14) on nutritional support during Ebola treatment were case studies, cohort studies, or management recommendations focused on the clinical features, care provided, and outcomes observed ( 2 - 15 ). (
  • Confirmed by nutritional scientists based on 3 human clinical trials. (
  • We aimed to assess the correlation between neurological features, nutritional status and metabolic changes in AT patients. (
  • With disease progression, AT patients usually present nutritional status impairment [13-18]. (
  • In this study, we willevaluate the difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared to completely dentulous patients and propose a desired intervention for such patients. (
  • Total 40 patients reporting to OPD with unrestored edentulous area posterior to natural teeth as well as completely dentulous patients will be included in this study Nutritional assessment using "mini nutritional assessment- short form" is evaluated for every subject and compared. (
  • 24 studies concluded that better nutritional status was associated with better QoL, 1 study showed that better nutritional status was associated with better QoL only in high-risk patients, while 1 study concluded that there was no association between nutritional status and QoL. (
  • Quality of life for cancer patients is a subjective multidimensional construct that represents the patient's functional status, psychosocial well-being, health perceptions and disease/treatment-related symptoms. (
  • Cetuximab patients receiving major nutritional intervention had worse outcomes compared with controls (13 vs 28 months, P=0.003). (
  • to assess the nutritional status of neurological patients in physiotherapy treatment. (
  • In logistic regression models controlling for acute illness severity, comorbidity, and functional status on admission, severely malnourished patients were more likely than well nourished patients to die within 1 year of discharge (OR = 2.83, 95% CI, 1.47-5.45), to be dependent in activities of daily living 3 months after discharge (OR = 2.81, 1.06-7.46), and to spend time in a nursing home during the year after discharge (OR = 3.22, 1.05-9.87). (
  • During the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak of 2014-2016 in West Africa, practitioners faced challenges providing nutritional care for patients in Ebola treatment units (ETUs). (
  • This review showed that nutritional care for EVD patients is poorly described, and therefore the optimal composition and implementation of nutritional care remain unknown. (
  • In the context of the current Ebola virus outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), we summarize existing practices and research findings on nutritional care for EVD patients in ETUs and compare them, when relevant, with 2014 WHO/UNICEF/WFP guidelines. (
  • Flowchart summarizing literature search and selection process for review of nutritional care for patients with Ebola virus disease. (
  • To their nonplus, 17 % of their patients had positive para-aortic nodes, more than folded the status of para-aortic lymph node positivity start in the aforesaid study. (
  • The greatest benefit on nutritional state was observed in patients with moderate reduction of respiratory function. (
  • Children's nutritional status / A. Elisabeth Sommerfelt, M. Kathryn Stewart. (
  • The study aimed to assess the nutritional status and dietary practices among university students at Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. (
  • We aimed to identify nutritional prognostic factors and survival outcomes associated with nutritional intervention in the SCOPE1 (Study of Chemoradiotherapy in OesoPhageal Cancer with or without Erbitux) trial. (
  • To improve the accuracy and reliability of nutritional status assessments, NIST is developing a series of serum-based Standard Reference Materials (SRMs). (
  • Any such study of possible associations would provide further supporting evidence for the presence of an immune diathesis of obesity and underweight, which will help to identify specific lymphocyte subsets as those most important to monitor in further studies in nutritional immunology. (
  • Once the data on an individual is collected and organized the practitioner can assess and evaluate the nutritional status of that person. (
  • Study on nutritional status of Dutch adults). (
  • Our aim in this study was to evaluate the growth response to such feedings and to determine whether this nutritional intervention would result in improved growth compared with previously reported results. (
  • The relationship between your body nutritional status and the immune system has been a huge topic of study for over and around sixty years, as we have seen. (
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze the nutritional status of a cohort of persons with RA and compare to cohorts of persons with other arthritis and without. (
  • This study was done to evaluate the health and nutritional status of female college students in Seoul. (
  • 1. A South Korean study, "Onion flesh and onion peel enhance antioxidant status in aged rats," was published in a 2007 Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology . (
  • Nutritional assessment study session 5 nutritional assessment introduction. (
  • We were interested in studying growth during their school age and adolescence because increasing evidence from cohort studies is showing that this period represents a great window of opportunity for correcting nutritional deficits, as well as insufficient growth from early childhood. (
  • Scientific and Technical Information Branch National Center for Health Statistics Center Building, Room 1-57 3700 East-West Highway Hyattsville, MD 20782 301-436-8500 BACKGROUND The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) collects, analyzes, and disseminates data on the health status of Americans. (
  • Previous interlaboratory comparisons have indicated that discrepancies can exist between different assays used to assess nutritional status and that there is a significant need for standardization of these measurements. (
  • MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional status was measured with the Subjective Global Assessment, a validated measure of nutritional status based on historical and physical exam findings. (
  • In the last twenty years a much greater understanding of the very hard and fast complexity of the immune response and its dependence on nutritional factors has evolved. (
  • Karapanagiotidis IT, Yakupitiyage A, Little DC, Bell M & Mente E (2010) The nutritional value of lipids in various tropical aquatic animals from rice-fish farming systems in northeast Thailand. (
  • A person with good nutritional status has all the important nutrients and vitamins in his body that makes his immune system stronger and the person with bad nutritional status is said to have low amount of nutrients and vitamins content in his body which makes him prone to harmful viral infections and other health diseases. (
  • A combination of regular aerobic exercise and good nutritional practices has been shown to improve this ratio. (
  • This Collection aims to bring together original research on all aspects of nutritional epidemiology, including nutrigenomics studies investigating diet-gene-disease interactions. (
  • More specifically, we aim to identify gaps to guide future practices and research, ultimately leading to improved nutritional guidelines. (
  • When used for a longer period, they demonstrably improve nutritional status. (
  • We recommend that researchers and practitioners share specific and practical details of their experiences in providing nutritional support within ETUs to expand the knowledge base and ultimately improve the nutritional care for an increasingly prevalent patient population. (
  • In the nutritional evaluation, the Height/Age (H/A) and Body Mass Index/Age (BMI/A) indexes, in z-score, of the WHO reference (2007) were considered. (
  • Please understand that nutritional status is a way of understanding the body nutrient value. (
  • We declare confidently that excellent nutritional status of the human body can both indirectly and directly promote resistance to infectious disease by improving the immune system . (
  • We tell you that absence of micronutrients harmfully affects the nutritional status and weakens the ability of the immune system , influencing our susceptibility to infectious diseases and the course and outcome of such diseases and if these micro nutrients are present in our body immune system gets stronger and our body is able to fight off any harmful disease. (
  • The ability of the nutritionally competent immune system to prevent viral genetic mutations that would allow the virus to evade the weak host's defenses has been recognized in varying investigations, even those studying HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and it is declared that a weak body nutritional status is the main reason for the harmful virus being more effective to weaken the body. (
  • Markers of healthy and unhealthy eating patterns and nutritional status according to body mass index were considered. (
  • A persons nutriture nutritional status is the condition of the body that results from the utilization of essential nutrients made available from hisher daily diet. (
  • When we really want to know the condition of the human body we use a process called nutritional assessment which is the evaluation of data to determine the nutritional status of a person or group of people. (
  • Sometimes we still do not manage to maintain or to restore an optimal nutritional status due to the side effects of the cancer treatment. (
  • You will acquire an in-depth knowledge of the relationship between diet and disease, from the molecular to the population level, and discover the nutrients required throughout each stage of the life cycle to maintain optimal health status. (
  • 3 ] Additionally, the treatment modalities involving combinations of chemotherapeutic, radiotherapeutic and surgical regimens are known to produce various acute and chronic symptoms that limit eating and, thereby, exert a profound impact on nutritional status. (
  • If you do not eat adequate amounts of nutritional foods, symptoms may range from physical to biological. (
  • and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), which was designed specifically for elderly people. (
  • 2004), in an evaluation of the nutritional status of a coconut palm orchard, reported that boron was one of the most yield limiting factors. (
  • 1. The main nutritional status of the host is very highly critical in permitting or preventing viral and harmful bacterial infections. (
  • When discussing interactions of nutritional status and viral infection, nutritionists have traditionally considered only the effects of a good and bad diet on the host (that is us). (