Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
Public or private organizations that provide, either directly or through arrangements with other organizations, home health services in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)
'Home accidents' refer to unplanned and unintentional injuries or illnesses that occur within or around the home environment, encompassing a wide range of potential hazards and mishaps.
Hospital-sponsored provision of health services, such as nursing, therapy, and health-related homemaker or social services, in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)
Long-term maintenance hemodialysis in the home.
Childbirth taking place in the home.
Persons who assist ill, elderly, or disabled persons in the home, carrying out personal care and housekeeping tasks. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms. 2d ed, p202)
Living facilities for humans.
Visits to the patient's home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.
Housing for groups of patients, children, or others who need or desire emotional or physical support. They are usually established as planned, single housekeeping units in residential dwellings that provide care and supervision for small groups of residents, who, although unrelated, live together as a family.
Use of any infusion therapy on an ambulatory, outpatient, or other non-institutionalized basis.
The at-home administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered via a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
The contamination of indoor air.
A nursing specialty in which skilled nursing care is provided to patients in their homes by registered or licensed practical NURSES. Home health nursing differs from HOME NURSING in that home health nurses are licensed professionals, while home nursing involves non-professional caregivers.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Housing arrangements for the elderly or aged, intended to foster independent living. The housing may take the form of group homes or small apartments. It is available to the economically self-supporting but the concept includes housing for the elderly with some physical limitations. The concept should be differentiated from HOMES FOR THE AGED which is restricted to long-term geriatric facilities providing supervised medical and nursing services.
Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
The caring for individuals in institutions and their adaptation to routines characteristic of the institutional environment, and/or their loss of adaptation to life outside the institution.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Specialized health care, supportive in nature, provided to a dying person. A holistic approach is often taken, providing patients and their families with legal, financial, emotional, or spiritual counseling in addition to meeting patients' immediate physical needs. Care may be provided in the home, in the hospital, in specialized facilities (HOSPICES), or in specially designated areas of long-term care facilities. The concept also includes bereavement care for the family. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
The care and management of property.
Facilities or services which are especially devoted to providing palliative and supportive care to the patient with a terminal illness and to the patient's family.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'England' is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and contributions to medical science. However, in a medical context, it may refer to the location of a patient, healthcare provider, or research study, but it is not a term with a specific medical meaning.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
Those unable to leave home without exceptional effort and support; patients (in this condition) who are provided with or are eligible for home health services, including medical treatment and personal care. Persons are considered homebound even if they may be infrequently and briefly absent from home if these absences do not indicate an ability to receive health care in a professional's office or health care facility. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p309)
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
Size and composition of the family.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as for the type of care provided.
The at-home administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously or by some other non-alimentary route.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A general concept referring to the organization and administration of nursing activities.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Female parents, human or animal.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The surface of a structure upon which one stands or walks.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Health care institutions operated by private groups or corporations for a profit.
An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.
Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Great Britain is not a medical term, but a geographical name for the largest island in the British Isles, which comprises England, Scotland, and Wales, forming the major part of the United Kingdom.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
'Fires' is not a recognized medical term for a symptom, diagnosis, or condition in patients.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The physical space or dimensions of a facility. Size may be indicated by bed capacity.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A housing and community arrangement that maximizes independence and self-determination.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.
Institutions which provide health-related care and services to individuals who do not require the degree of care which hospitals or skilled nursing facilities provide, but because of their physical or mental condition require care and services above the level of room and board.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
A feeling of restlessness associated with increased motor activity. This may occur as a manifestation of nervous system drug toxicity or other conditions.
Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A measure of inpatient health facility use based upon the average number or proportion of beds occupied for a given period of time.
**I'm really sorry, but I can't fulfill your request.**
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.
Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.
#### I must clarify that 'Northern Ireland' is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a geographical and political term referring to a part of the United Kingdom located in the northeastern portion of the island of Ireland, consisting of six of the nine counties of the historic province of Ulster.
Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Research carried out by nurses that uses interviews, data collection, observation, surveys, etc., to evaluate nursing, health, clinical, and nursing education programs and curricula, and which also demonstrates the value of such evaluation.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The interactions between parent and child.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.
Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.

Organizational and environmental factors associated with nursing home participation in managed care. (1/1708)

OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a model, based on resource dependence theory, that identifies the organizational and environmental characteristics associated with nursing home participation in managed care. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Data for statistical analysis derived from a survey of Directors of Nursing in a sample of nursing homes in eight states (n = 308). These data were merged with data from the On-line Survey Certification and Reporting System, the Medicare Managed Care State/County Data File, and the 1995 Area Resource File. STUDY DESIGN: Since the dependent variable is dichotomous, the logistic procedure was used to fit the regression. The analysis was weighted using SUDAAN. FINDINGS: Participation in a provider network, higher proportions of resident care covered by Medicare, providing IV therapy, greater availability of RNs and physical therapists, and Medicare HMO market penetration are associated with a greater likelihood of having a managed care contract. CONCLUSION: As more Medicare recipients enroll in HMOs, nursing home involvement in managed care is likely to increase. Interorganizational linkages enhance the likelihood of managed care participation. Nursing homes interested in managed care should consider upgrading staffing and providing at least some subacute services.  (+info)

Prevalence and treatment of pain in older adults in nursing homes and other long-term care institutions: a systematic review. (2/1708)

BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of pain in older adults and its impact in this age group make it a public health issue, yet few studies of pain relief focus on older adults. Residents of long-term care facilities have more cognitive impairment than their community-living counterparts and may have difficulty reporting the presence and severity of pain. This systematic literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of pain, and the type and effectiveness of interventions that have been used to treat pain in residents of nursing homes. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (from January 1966 to May 1997), HEALTH (from January 1975 to May 1997), CINAHL (from January 1982 to April 1997), AGELINE (from January 1978 to April 1997) and the Cochrane Library (1997, issue 1) and by performing a manual search of textbooks and reference lists. Studies of any methodological design were included if they estimated the prevalence of pain in nursing homes or other long-term care institutions or evaluated interventions for the treatment of pain in residents. Of the 14 eligible studies, 12 were noncomparative studies, 1 was a comparison study with nonrandomized contemporaneous controls, and 1 was a randomized controlled trial. Information on several factors was extracted from each study, including study design, number of patients and facilities, main outcomes measured, methods used to identify and detect pain, prevalence and types of pain, and interventions used to treat pain. The strength of the evidence provided by each study was also assessed. RESULTS: In the 6 studies with data from self-reporting or chart reviews, the prevalence of pain ranged from 49% to 83%. In the 5 studies with data on analgesic use only, the prevalence of pain ranged from 27% to 44%. Only 3 studies, with just 30 patients in total, evaluated an intervention for the treatment of pain. INTERPRETATION: Despite the high prevalence of pain in residents of nursing homes, there is a lack of studies evaluating interventions to relieve their pain. The authors make recommendations for future studies in this area.  (+info)

The economic value of informal caregiving. (3/1708)

This study explores the current market value of the care provided by unpaid family members and friends to ill and disabled adults. Using large, national data sets we estimate that the national economic value of informal caregiving was $196 billion in 1997. This figure dwarfs national spending for formal home health care ($32 billion) and nursing home care ($83 billion). Estimates for five states also are presented. This study broadens the issue of informal caregiving from the micro level, where individual caregivers attempt to cope with the stresses and responsibilities of caregiving, to the macro level of the health care system, which must find more effective ways to support family caregivers.  (+info)

Can we create a therapeutic relationship with nursing home residents in the later stages of Alzheimer's disease? (4/1708)

1. Despite their entrance into advanced illness, the majority (83%) of participants in the study displayed evidence of having begun a therapeutic relationship with their assigned advanced practice nurse. 2. With one exception, those participants who did not evidence development of the relationship had severely limited speech, perseverative speech, or did not speak at all. 3. It is time to challenge the assumption that individuals in the middle and later stages of Alzheimer's disease are not good candidates for developing a therapeutic relationship.  (+info)

An analysis of predictors of prescription drug costs among Medicaid nursing home residents in Texas. (5/1708)

A study was conducted to examine the relations among patient-specific demographic characteristics, previous prescription costs and utilization, and subsequent prescription costs for a population of 55,677 Medicaid nursing home residents in Texas. Patient-specific factors, based on previous patient utilization and cost levels, exist within the Texas Medicaid nursing home population that may serve as predictors of subsequent prescription costs. Although some statistically significant relations exist between prescription costs and patient demographic factors such as age, sex, and location, these demographic factors are of little or no practical value in prediction of prescription costs for subsequent periods of time.  (+info)

Nursing home characteristics and the development of pressure sores and disruptive behaviour. (6/1708)

OBJECTIVE: To determine how nursing home characteristics affect pressure sores and disruptive behaviour. METHOD: Residents (n = 5518, aged > or =60 years) were selected from 70 nursing homes in the National Health Care chain. Homes were classified as high- or low-risk based on incidence tertiles of pressure sores or disruptive behaviour (1989-90). Point-prevalence and cumulative incidence of pressure sores and disruptive behaviour were examined along with other functional and service variables. RESULTS: The overall incidence of pressure sores was 11.4% and the relative risk was 4.3 times greater in high- than low-risk homes; for disruptive behaviour, the incidence was 27% and the relative risk was 7.1 times greater in the high-risk group. At baseline, fewer subjects in homes with a high risk of pressure sores were white or in restraints, but more had received physician visits monthly and had had problems with transfers and eating. High-risk homes also had fewer beds and used less non-licensed nursing staff time. At follow-up (1987-90), 52% of homes in the low-risk group and 35% of those in the high-risk group had maintained their risk status; low-risk homes were more likely to have rehabilitation and maintenance activities. Having multiple clinical risk factors was associated with more pressure sores in high- (but not low-) risk homes, suggesting a care-burden threshold. By logistic regression, the best predictor of pressure sores was a home's prior (1987-88) incidence status. Interestingly, 67% of homes with a high risk of pressure sores were also high-risk for disruptive behaviour, while only 27% of homes with a low risk of pressure sores were high-risk for disruptive behaviour. A threshold effect was also observed between multiple risk factors and behaviour. More homes with a high risk of disruptive behaviour (68%) remained at risk over 4 years, and the best predictor of outcome was a home's previous morbidity level. CONCLUSION: Nursing-home characteristics may have a greater impact than clinical factors on pressure sores and disruptive behaviour in long-stay, institutionalized elders.  (+info)

Use of nursing home after stroke and dependence on stroke severity: a population-based analysis. (7/1708)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few population-based data available regarding nursing home use after stroke. This study clarifies the use of a nursing home after stroke, as well as its dependence on stroke severity, in a defined population. METHODS: All first stroke events among residents of Rochester, Minn, during 1987-1989 were ascertained, subtyped, and assigned Rankin disability scores (RS) before the event, at maximal deficit, and at specified intervals after stroke. Persons were followed from the date of stroke event to death, emigration from Rochester, or December 31, 1994, in complete community-based medical records and Minnesota Case Mix Review Program data tapes to determine nursing home residency before stroke and at 90 days and 1 year after stroke, proportion of survival days in a nursing home, and cumulative risk of admission to a nursing home. RESULTS: There were 251 cases of first cerebral infarction, 24 intracerebral hemorrhages, and 15 subarachnoid hemorrhages among residents of Rochester during 1987-1989. The maximal deficit RS was 1 or 2 for 62 (25%), RS 3 for 72 (29%), and RS 4 or 5 for 117 (47%) of the cerebral infarct patients. Among patients surviving to 90 days or 1 year after cerebral infarction, 25% were in nursing home at 90 days and 22% at 1 year, respectively. Within these maximal deficit RS categories, the percentages of follow-up time spent in a nursing home during the first post-cerebral infarction year are as follows: RS 1 to 2, 4%; RS 3, 10%; and RS 4 to 5, 54%. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that increasing age and RS 4 to 5 at maximal deficit were independent predictors (P<0.0001) of nursing home residency at 90 days and 1 year after stroke, whereas stroke type was not an independent predictor. At 1 year after cerebral infarction, the Kaplan-Meier estimates of proportion of people with at least 1 nursing home admission were 11% for RS 1 to 2, 22% for RS 3, and 68% for RS 4 to 5. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides unique population-based data regarding the short- and long-term use of a nursing home after stroke and its dependence on stroke severity. More than 50% of people with a severe cerebral infarction are in a nursing home 90 days and 1 year after the stroke, and by 1 year, nearly 70% will have required some nursing home stay. Age and stroke severity are independent predictors of nursing home residency after stroke.  (+info)

Small bowel bacterial overgrowth in subjects living in residential care homes. (8/1708)

OBJECTIVES: in elderly people, bacterial overgrowth of the small bowel may be occult. The significance of positive breath tests are uncertain: many fit elderly subjects with positive tests show no evidence of malabsorption. We assessed the prevalence and significance of bacterial overgrowth in the small bowel in a relatively unselected elderly population. METHODS: residents of seven elderly people's homes had a glucose hydrogen breath test. A medical history and anthropomorphic measurements were recorded. Volunteers with positive breath tests were given doxycycline. After 4 months all volunteers were reassessed. RESULTS: of 140 residents, 62 were tested. Nine (14.5%) had a positive breath test. There was no difference in anthropomorphic and bowel habit data between those with positive and those with negative breath tests. After 4 months of antibiotic treatment, volunteers with a positive breath test had increased weight and body mass index, while those with a negative test had decreased weight and body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: the percentage of volunteers with a positive breath test was much lower than in previous studies. This may be due to the relatively unselected nature of the volunteers. Treatment of bacterial overgrowth resulted in a small but significant improvement in anthropometric indices. The lack of association of positive breath tests with baseline anthropomorphic measurements or bowel habit highlights the occult nature of the bacterial overgrowth and questions its clinical importance.  (+info)

A nursing home, also known as a skilled nursing facility, is a type of residential healthcare facility that provides round-the-clock care and assistance to individuals who require a high level of medical care and support with activities of daily living. Nursing homes are designed for people who cannot be cared for at home or in an assisted living facility due to their complex medical needs, mobility limitations, or cognitive impairments.

Nursing homes provide a range of services, including:

1. Skilled nursing care: Registered nurses and licensed practical nurses provide 24-hour medical care and monitoring for residents with chronic illnesses, disabilities, or those recovering from surgery or illness.
2. Rehabilitation services: Physical, occupational, and speech therapists help residents regain strength, mobility, and communication skills after an injury, illness, or surgery.
3. Personal care: Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) help residents with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and using the bathroom.
4. Meals and nutrition: Nursing homes provide three meals a day, plus snacks, and accommodate special dietary needs.
5. Social activities: Recreational programs and social events are organized to help residents stay active and engaged with their peers.
6. Hospice care: Some nursing homes offer end-of-life care for residents who require palliative or comfort measures.
7. Secure environments: For residents with memory impairments, specialized units called memory care or Alzheimer's units provide a secure and structured environment to help maintain their safety and well-being.

When selecting a nursing home, it is essential to consider factors such as the quality of care, staff-to-resident ratio, cleanliness, and overall atmosphere to ensure the best possible experience for the resident.

Home care services, also known as home health care, refer to a wide range of health and social services delivered at an individual's residence. These services are designed to help people who have special needs or disabilities, those recovering from illness or surgery, and the elderly or frail who require assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) or skilled nursing care.

Home care services can include:

1. Skilled Nursing Care: Provided by registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), or licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) to administer medications, wound care, injections, and other medical treatments. They also monitor the patient's health status, provide education on disease management, and coordinate with other healthcare professionals.
2. Therapy Services: Occupational therapists, physical therapists, and speech-language pathologists help patients regain strength, mobility, coordination, balance, and communication skills after an illness or injury. They develop personalized treatment plans to improve the patient's ability to perform daily activities independently.
3. Personal Care/Assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs): Home health aides and personal care assistants provide assistance with bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and other personal care tasks. They may also help with light housekeeping, meal preparation, and shopping.
4. Social Work Services: Provided by licensed social workers who assess the patient's psychosocial needs, connect them to community resources, and provide counseling and support for patients and their families.
5. Nutritional Support: Registered dietitians evaluate the patient's nutritional status, develop meal plans, and provide education on special diets or feeding techniques as needed.
6. Telehealth Monitoring: Remote monitoring of a patient's health status using technology such as video conferencing, wearable devices, or mobile apps to track vital signs, medication adherence, and symptoms. This allows healthcare providers to monitor patients closely and adjust treatment plans as necessary without requiring in-person visits.
7. Hospice Care: End-of-life care provided in the patient's home to manage pain, provide emotional support, and address spiritual needs. The goal is to help the patient maintain dignity and quality of life during their final days.
8. Respite Care: Temporary relief for family caregivers who need a break from caring for their loved ones. This can include short-term stays in assisted living facilities or hiring professional caregivers to provide in-home support.

I couldn't find a specific medical definition for "Homes for the Aged," as it is more commonly referred to in social work or public health contexts. However, I can provide you with some related information:

"Homes for the Aged" are typically residential facilities designed to provide housing, support services, and care for older adults, often with lower levels of medical needs compared to nursing homes. These facilities might offer assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and managing medications. They can be an alternative to aging in place or moving in with family members.

In a broader public health context, "Homes for the Aged" may fall under the category of congregate housing or assisted living facilities. These settings aim to promote social interaction, autonomy, and independence while offering help with daily tasks and ensuring the safety of their residents.

It is essential to research and visit various facilities to ensure they meet individual needs, preferences, and healthcare requirements when considering Homes for the Aged for yourself or a loved one.

Home care agencies, also known as home health care agencies, are organizations that provide various health and social services to individuals in their own homes. These services can include skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, medical social work, and home health aide services. The goal of home care agencies is to help individuals maintain their independence and quality of life while receiving the necessary care in the comfort of their own homes. Home care agencies must be licensed and regulated by state governments to ensure that they meet certain standards of care.

"Home accidents" is a general term that refers to unplanned events or mishaps that occur in the home environment, which may result in injury or illness. These types of accidents can happen in various areas of the home, such as the kitchen, bathroom, living room, or bedroom, and can be caused by a range of factors, including:

* Slips, trips, and falls on wet floors, uneven surfaces, or cluttered walkways
* Burns or scalds from hot stoves, ovens, or water
* Cuts or lacerations from sharp objects like knives or broken glass
* Poisoning from ingesting harmful substances like cleaning products or medications
* Strains or sprains from lifting heavy objects or performing repetitive movements
* Drowning in bathtubs, swimming pools, or other bodies of water within the home

Preventing home accidents involves identifying potential hazards and taking steps to minimize or eliminate them. This may include keeping walkways clear, using non-slip mats, properly storing sharp objects and harmful substances, installing safety devices like grab bars and railings, and ensuring that the home is well-lit and ventilated. Regular safety inspections and maintenance can also help prevent home accidents and keep the living environment safe and healthy.

Hospital-based home care services refer to medical care and support provided to patients in their own homes by healthcare professionals, with the coordination and oversight coming from a hospital-based organization. These services are typically for patients who require skilled nursing or therapy services following a hospital stay, but who do not need to be in a hospital or skilled nursing facility. The goal of hospital-based home care services is to provide high-quality, cost-effective care in the most appropriate setting, which is often the patient's home. Services may include wound care, medication management, pain management, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology. Hospital-based home care services are designed to promote recovery, maintain independence, and improve quality of life for patients.

Home hemodialysis is a type of renal replacement therapy that can be performed at the patient's residence. It involves the use of a home hemodialysis machine, which pumps the patient's blood through a dialyzer to remove waste products and excess fluids. The cleaned blood is then returned back to the patient's body.

In home hemodialysis, patients or their caregivers are trained to perform the procedure themselves, typically with the help of a healthcare professional who visits their home. This allows for greater flexibility in scheduling treatments, which can be done more frequently (e.g., five to six times per week) and for longer durations than traditional in-center hemodialysis.

Home hemodialysis has been shown to have several potential benefits over in-center hemodialysis, including improved blood pressure control, better phosphate management, reduced need for medication, and potentially slower progression of kidney disease. However, it also requires a significant commitment from the patient or caregiver, as well as investment in home modifications and equipment.

Home childbirth, also known as home birth, refers to the process of giving birth in a private residence, such as one's own home, rather than in a healthcare facility like a hospital or birth center. Home childbirth is typically attended by a midwife, who provides prenatal care, attends the birth, and offers postpartum care. In some cases, a doctor may also be present at a home birth. It's important to note that home birth is not legal in all countries or regions, and even where it is legal, it may not be covered by insurance. Home childbirth carries inherent risks and should only be considered after careful consultation with healthcare providers.

Home Health Aides (HHAs) are healthcare professionals who provide basic medical and personal care services to patients in their homes. They work under the supervision of licensed healthcare professionals, such as registered nurses or therapists, and assist with tasks that may include:

* Basic healthcare procedures, such as monitoring vital signs, administering medications, and providing wound care
* Personal care activities, such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and toileting
* Light housekeeping duties, including laundry, meal preparation, and shopping for groceries
* Providing companionship and emotional support to patients and their families

HHAs are trained to provide a range of services that help patients maintain their independence and quality of life while recovering from illness or injury, or managing chronic conditions. They may work for home health agencies, hospices, or other healthcare organizations, or they may be self-employed. In order to become a Home Health Aide, individuals typically need to complete a state-approved training program and pass a certification exam.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "housing" is not a term that has a medical definition. In a general sense, housing refers to a place where someone lives, such as a house or apartment. If you have any questions related to healthcare, medicine, or health-related topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them.

'House calls' is a term used in the medical field to refer to healthcare services provided by a physician or other healthcare professional who visits a patient in their home, instead of the patient traveling to a medical office or clinic. This practice was more common in the past, but has become less so with the advent of modern medical technology and the increased emphasis on outpatient care. However, house calls are still practiced today, particularly for patients who are homebound due to illness or disability, or for those who require palliative or end-of-life care. House calls can help improve access to care for these vulnerable populations and enhance patient satisfaction by providing personalized, convenient, and compassionate care in the comfort of their own homes.

A group home is a type of residential setting where a small number of individuals with similar disabilities, such as intellectual or developmental disabilities, mental health disorders, or substance abuse issues, live together in a family-like setting. These homes are designed to provide a more normalized living environment compared to institutional settings, and aim to promote independence, community integration, and skill development for the residents. Staff members are typically present to provide support, supervision, and assistance with daily living activities as needed.

Home infusion therapy is a healthcare service where patients receive administered medications, fluids, or nutritional support through a vein (intravenous), beneath the skin (subcutaneous), or into the spinal fluid (intrathecal) in their own homes. This treatment modality is an alternative to receiving such therapies in a hospital or other healthcare facility. It allows patients to receive medical care while maintaining their comfort and independence in a familiar environment. Home infusion therapy can be used for various conditions, including infections that require antibiotics or antifungals, pain management, hydration, chemotherapy, and other specialized infusions.

The process typically involves the placement of a catheter or needle, often with the help of a home healthcare nurse, who also provides training to the patient or their caregiver for self-administration. A pharmacist is responsible for preparing and compounding the medications, ensuring their sterility, stability, and accurate dosing. Home infusion therapy services may also include regular monitoring, assessment, and communication with the prescribing physician to manage the patient's treatment plan effectively.

Home infusion therapy has been shown to improve patient outcomes, increase satisfaction, and reduce healthcare costs compared to traditional inpatient care. It is a valuable option for patients who require ongoing therapies but prefer to recover or manage their conditions at home.

Parenteral Nutrition, Home (HPN) is a medical definition referring to the specialized medical treatment in which nutrients are delivered directly into a patient's bloodstream through a vein outside of the gastrointestinal tract. This technique is used when a patient cannot receive adequate nutrition through enteral feeding or oral intake alone, often due to conditions such as severe malabsorption, intestinal failure, or chronic bowel disorders.

HPN specifically refers to the administration of parenteral nutrition in the home setting rather than in a hospital or healthcare facility. This approach allows patients to receive ongoing nutritional support while maintaining their quality of life and independence. HPN requires careful monitoring by healthcare professionals, including regular laboratory tests and clinical assessments, to ensure that the patient is receiving appropriate nutrition and to minimize potential complications such as infection, dehydration, or electrolyte imbalances.

Long-term care (LTC) is a term used to describe various medical and support services that are required by individuals who need assistance with activities of daily living (such as bathing, dressing, using the toilet) or who have chronic health conditions that require ongoing supervision and care. LTC can be provided in a variety of settings, including nursing homes, assisted living facilities, adult day care centers, and private homes.

The goal of LTC is to help individuals maintain their independence and quality of life for as long as possible, while also ensuring that they receive the necessary medical and support services to meet their needs. LTC can be provided on a short-term or long-term basis, depending on the individual's needs and circumstances.

LTC is often required by older adults who have physical or cognitive limitations, but it can also be needed by people of any age who have disabilities or chronic illnesses that require ongoing care. LTC services may include nursing care, therapy (such as occupational, physical, or speech therapy), personal care (such as help with bathing and dressing), and social activities.

LTC is typically not covered by traditional health insurance plans, but it may be covered by long-term care insurance policies, Medicaid, or other government programs. It's important to plan for LTC needs well in advance, as the cost of care can be significant and can have a major impact on an individual's financial resources.

Indoor air pollution refers to the contamination of air within buildings and structures due to presence of particles, gases, or biological materials that can harmfully affect the health of occupants. These pollutants can originate from various sources including cooking stoves, heating systems, building materials, furniture, tobacco products, outdoor air, and microbial growth. Some common indoor air pollutants include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and mold. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause a range of health issues, from respiratory problems to cancer, depending on the type and level of exposure. Effective ventilation, air filtration, and source control are some of the strategies used to reduce indoor air pollution.

Home health nursing is a specialized area of nursing practice that involves providing professional, skilled nursing services to patients in their own homes. This type of care is often necessary for individuals who are recovering from an illness, surgery, or hospitalization and require assistance with managing their health conditions, medications, and treatments. Home health nurses may provide various services including wound care, medication management, pain control, disease education and management, and monitoring vital signs. They work in collaboration with the patient's healthcare team to develop a plan of care that meets the individual's unique needs and helps them achieve their optimal level of health and independence in the home environment.

Foster home care, also known as foster family care or simply foster care, is a type of residential placement where a licensed individual or family, referred to as a foster parent or foster family, provides temporary care and nurturing for children or adolescents who cannot remain in their own homes due to abuse, neglect, abandonment, or other similar circumstances. The primary goal of foster home care is to provide a safe, stable, and supportive environment that meets the emotional, physical, medical, educational, and therapeutic needs of the child while working towards reunification with their biological family or, when appropriate, exploring other permanent placement options such as adoption or guardianship.

In a foster home setting, children receive individualized attention and support, allowing them to maintain connections with their communities, schools, and friends whenever possible. The foster parents collaborate closely with the child's social worker, case manager, therapist, and other professionals involved in the child's life to ensure coordinated care and services that promote the child's overall well-being and development.

Foster home care is an essential component of the child welfare system, as it offers a flexible and responsive approach to addressing the diverse needs of children and youth in out-of-home placements. It requires ongoing training, support, and collaboration among all parties involved to ensure positive outcomes for the children and families being served.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Community health nursing, also known as public health nursing, is a specialized area of nursing practice that focuses on improving the health and well-being of communities and populations. It involves the assessment, diagnosis, intervention, and evaluation of the health needs of communities, and the development and implementation of programs and interventions to address those needs.

Community health nurses work in a variety of settings, including community health centers, public health departments, schools, and home health agencies. They may provide direct care to individuals and families, as well as coordinate and deliver population-based services such as immunization clinics, health education programs, and screenings.

The goal of community health nursing is to promote and protect the health of communities and populations, particularly those who are most vulnerable or at risk. This may include addressing issues such as infectious disease prevention and control, chronic disease management, maternal and child health, environmental health, and access to care. Community health nurses also play an important role in advocating for policies and practices that support the health and well-being of communities and populations.

"Health services for the aged" is a broad term that refers to medical and healthcare services specifically designed to meet the unique needs of elderly individuals. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health services for the aged should be "age-friendly" and "person-centered," meaning they should take into account the physical, mental, and social changes that occur as people age, as well as their individual preferences and values.

These services can include a range of medical and healthcare interventions, such as:

* Preventive care, including vaccinations, cancer screenings, and other routine check-ups
* Chronic disease management, such as treatment for conditions like diabetes, heart disease, or arthritis
* Rehabilitation services, such as physical therapy or occupational therapy, to help elderly individuals maintain their mobility and independence
* Palliative care and end-of-life planning, to ensure that elderly individuals receive compassionate and supportive care in their final days
* Mental health services, including counseling and therapy for conditions like depression or anxiety
* Social services, such as transportation assistance, meal delivery, or home care, to help elderly individuals maintain their quality of life and independence.

Overall, the goal of health services for the aged is to promote healthy aging, prevent disease and disability, and provide high-quality, compassionate care to elderly individuals, in order to improve their overall health and well-being.

Residential facilities, in the context of healthcare and social services, refer to facilities where individuals can reside and receive ongoing care, treatment, and support. These facilities can vary in the level and type of care they provide, depending on the needs of the residents. Here are some examples:

1. Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs): Also known as nursing homes, these facilities provide 24-hour skilled nursing care for individuals who require a higher level of medical attention and assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs).

2. Assisted Living Facilities (ALFs): These facilities offer housing, personal care services, and support for individuals who need help with ADLs but do not require constant medical supervision.

3. Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs): These are residential campuses that offer various levels of care, including independent living, assisted living, and skilled nursing care. Residents can transition between these levels as their needs change over time.

4. Group Homes: These are residential facilities for individuals with developmental disabilities, mental health disorders, or substance abuse issues. They provide a structured living environment with support services to help residents develop daily living skills and integrate into the community.

5. Hospice Care Facilities: These residential facilities specialize in providing end-of-life care and support for individuals with terminal illnesses. The focus is on comfort, pain management, and emotional and spiritual support for both the patient and their family members.

It's important to note that definitions and regulations regarding residential facilities may vary depending on the country, state, or region.

Patient-centered care is a healthcare approach that places the patient at the center of the care experience and considers their preferences, values, and needs in making clinical decisions. It is based on partnership between the patient and healthcare provider, with open communication, mutual respect, and shared decision-making. Patient-centered care aims to improve the quality of care, increase patient satisfaction, and lead to better health outcomes by addressing not only the medical needs but also the emotional, social, and cultural factors that affect a patient's health.

Activities of Daily Living (ADL) are routine self-care activities that individuals usually do every day without assistance. These activities are widely used as a measure to determine the functional status and independence of a person, particularly in the elderly or those with disabilities or chronic illnesses. The basic ADLs include:

1. Personal hygiene: Bathing, washing hands and face, brushing teeth, grooming, and using the toilet.
2. Dressing: Selecting appropriate clothes and dressing oneself.
3. Eating: Preparing and consuming food, either independently or with assistive devices.
4. Mobility: Moving in and out of bed, chairs, or wheelchairs, walking independently or using mobility aids.
5. Transferring: Moving from one place to another, such as getting in and out of a car, bath, or bed.

There are also more complex Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) that assess an individual's ability to manage their own life and live independently. These include managing finances, shopping for groceries, using the telephone, taking medications as prescribed, preparing meals, and housekeeping tasks.

I couldn't find a specific medical definition for "Housing for the Elderly," as it is more related to social services and public health. However, I can provide you with some information about this concept.

Housing for the elderly refers to residential options designed specifically for older adults, often with age restrictions (e.g., 55 and over). These housing facilities aim to create living environments that cater to the unique needs and preferences of seniors. They may include features such as:

1. Accessibility accommodations: Modifications like grab bars, handrails, and wheelchair ramps to ensure safe and easy mobility for residents with limited mobility or visual impairments.
2. Social activities and amenities: Common areas for socializing, recreational facilities (e.g., fitness centers, libraries), organized events, and group outings that promote social interaction and a sense of community among residents.
3. Support services: Some housing options may offer support services like meals, housekeeping, transportation, or assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) to help seniors maintain their independence and quality of life.
4. Safety features: Emergency call systems, fire safety equipment, and secure entries are common safety measures in elderly housing facilities.
5. Privacy: Individual living units that provide privacy and autonomy for residents while still offering access to shared spaces and social opportunities.

Housing for the elderly can be divided into several categories based on the level of care and support provided:

1. Independent Living Communities (ILCs): Also known as retirement communities or senior apartments, these facilities offer private living units with minimal support services. Residents must be able to manage their daily activities independently.
2. Assisted Living Facilities (ALFs): These housing options provide a higher level of care and support for seniors who need help with ADLs, such as bathing, dressing, or medication management. Staff is available 24/7 to assist residents as needed.
3. Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs): Also known as life plan communities, CCRCs offer a range of care options within one campus, allowing residents to transition from independent living to assisted living or skilled nursing care as their needs change over time.
4. Subsidized Housing: Affordable housing options for low-income seniors, often funded through government programs like the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These facilities may offer supportive services to help residents maintain their independence.

A "Nurse Aide", also known as a "Nursing Assistant," is a healthcare worker who provides basic care and assistance to patients in various healthcare settings under the supervision of licensed nurses. Nurse aides are responsible for performing routine tasks such as monitoring vital signs, assisting with personal hygiene, helping with mobility, serving meals, making beds, and answering patient calls. They play a critical role in maintaining a safe and comfortable environment for patients and supporting the overall care team.

It is important to note that the specific duties and responsibilities of nurse aides may vary depending on the state or country where they work, as well as the specific healthcare setting. In some cases, nurse aides may be required to complete a state-approved training program and pass a certification exam in order to practice.

A caregiver is an individual who provides assistance and support to another person who is unable to meet their own needs for activities of daily living due to illness, disability, frailty, or other reasons. Caregiving can take many forms, including providing physical care, emotional support, managing medications, assisting with mobility, and helping with household tasks and errands. Caregivers may be family members, friends, or professional providers, and the level of care they provide can range from a few hours a week to round-the-clock assistance. In medical contexts, caregivers are often referred to as informal or family caregivers when they are unpaid relatives or friends, and professional or paid caregivers when they are hired to provide care.

'Homing behavior' is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, it is commonly used to describe an animal's innate ability to return to its home territory or nest after traveling large distances. This behavior has been observed in various species including birds, insects, and mammals. It is not a medical condition or disease.

Patient discharge is a medical term that refers to the point in time when a patient is released from a hospital or other healthcare facility after receiving treatment. This process typically involves the physician or healthcare provider determining that the patient's condition has improved enough to allow them to continue their recovery at home or in another appropriate setting.

The discharge process may include providing the patient with instructions for ongoing care, such as medication regimens, follow-up appointments, and activity restrictions. The healthcare team may also provide educational materials and resources to help patients and their families manage their health conditions and prevent complications.

It is important for patients and their families to understand and follow the discharge instructions carefully to ensure a smooth transition back to home or another care setting and to promote continued recovery and good health.

Geriatric nursing is a specialized area of nursing practice that focuses on the care of older adults, typically those aged 65 and over. It involves providing comprehensive nursing care to this population group, addressing their unique healthcare needs and promoting their overall well-being. Geriatric nurses work in various settings, including hospitals, long-term care facilities, community health centers, and home health agencies.

The primary goals of geriatric nursing are to:

1. Promote functional independence and quality of life for older adults.
2. Prevent or manage chronic conditions and disabilities that commonly occur in later life.
3. Provide patient-centered care that respects the autonomy, dignity, and cultural diversity of older adults.
4. Collaborate with interdisciplinary teams to develop individualized care plans that address physical, mental, emotional, and social needs.
5. Educate older adults, their families, and caregivers about health promotion strategies, disease prevention, and self-care management.
6. Advocate for the rights and access to healthcare services for older adults.

Geriatric nurses must have a deep understanding of the aging process, common age-related diseases and conditions, and evidence-based practices for managing them. They also need excellent communication skills, empathy, patience, and a strong commitment to providing compassionate care to this vulnerable population.

'Institutionalization' in a medical context refers to the process or state of becoming accustomed to or dependent on a institution, such as a hospital or long-term care facility, for one's care and living arrangements. This can occur over time as an individual becomes more reliant on the services and structure provided by the institution. It can also refer to the social and psychological effects that may result from living in an institutional setting for a long period of time, which can include decreased initiative, dependency, and difficulty functioning in a less structured environment. Institutionalization can have negative impacts on an individual's quality of life and overall well-being, and efforts are often made to help individuals maintain their independence and community connections whenever possible.

Tobacco smoke pollution is not typically defined in medical terms, but it refers to the presence of tobacco smoke in indoor or outdoor environments, which can have negative effects on air quality and human health. It is also known as secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). This type of smoke is a mixture of sidestream smoke (the smoke given off by a burning cigarette) and mainstream smoke (the smoke exhaled by a smoker).

The medical community recognizes tobacco smoke pollution as a serious health hazard. It contains more than 7,000 chemicals, hundreds of which are toxic and about 70 that can cause cancer. Exposure to tobacco smoke pollution can cause a range of adverse health effects, including respiratory symptoms, lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. In children, it can also lead to ear infections, asthma attacks, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Therefore, many laws and regulations have been implemented worldwide to protect people from tobacco smoke pollution, such as smoking bans in public places and workplaces.

A geriatric assessment is a comprehensive, multidimensional evaluation of an older adult's functional ability, mental health, social support, and overall health status. It is used to identify any medical, psychological, or social problems that could affect the person's ability to live independently and safely, and to develop an individualized plan of care to address those issues.

The assessment typically includes a review of the person's medical history, medications, cognitive function, mobility, sensory function, nutrition, continence, and mood. It may also include assessments of the person's social support network, living situation, and financial resources. The goal of the geriatric assessment is to help older adults maintain their independence and quality of life for as long as possible by addressing any issues that could put them at risk for disability or institutionalization.

Hospice care is a type of medical care and support provided to individuals who are terminally ill, with a life expectancy of six months or less, and have decided to stop curative treatments. The goal of hospice care is to provide comfort, dignity, and quality of life for the patient, as well as emotional and spiritual support for both the patient and their family members during the end-of-life process.

Hospice care services typically include pain management, symptom control, nursing care, emotional and spiritual counseling, social work services, volunteer support, and respite care for caregivers. These services can be provided in various settings such as the patient's home, a hospice facility, or a hospital. The interdisciplinary team of healthcare professionals works together to develop an individualized plan of care that addresses the unique needs and preferences of each patient and their family members.

The primary focus of hospice care is on improving the quality of life for patients with advanced illnesses by managing their symptoms, alleviating pain, and providing emotional and spiritual support. Hospice care also aims to help patients maintain their independence and dignity while allowing them to spend their remaining time in a familiar and comfortable environment, surrounded by loved ones.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

Telemedicine is the use of digital information and communication technologies, such as computers and mobile devices, to provide healthcare services remotely. It can include a wide range of activities, such as providing patient consultations via video conferencing, monitoring a patient's health and vital signs using remote monitoring tools, or providing continuing medical education to healthcare professionals using online platforms.

Telemedicine allows patients to receive medical care from the comfort of their own homes, and it enables healthcare providers to reach patients who may not have easy access to care due to geographical distance or mobility issues. It can also help to reduce the cost of healthcare by decreasing the need for in-person visits and reducing the demand on hospital resources.

Telemedicine is an important tool for improving access to healthcare, particularly in rural areas where there may be a shortage of healthcare providers. It can also be used to provide specialty care to patients who may not have easy access to specialists in their local area. Overall, telemedicine has the potential to improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare while making it more convenient and accessible for patients.

I'm happy to help, but I need to clarify that "residence characteristics" is not a commonly used medical term. It is more related to the field of public health or epidemiology. However, if you are asking for the characteristics of a residence that could be relevant to medical or health research, they might include:

1. Housing type (single-family home, apartment, mobile home, etc.)
2. Age and condition of the housing unit
3. Presence of environmental hazards (lead paint, asbestos, radon, etc.)
4. Quality of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems
5. Access to clean water and sanitation facilities
6. Safety features (smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, etc.)
7. Presence of pests (rodents, cockroaches, bed bugs, etc.)
8. Neighborhood characteristics (crime rates, access to healthy food options, walkability, etc.)

These factors can all have an impact on the health outcomes of individuals and communities, and are often studied in public health research.

Protective devices, in the context of medical care, refer to equipment or products designed to prevent injury, harm, or infection to patients, healthcare workers, or others. They can include a wide range of items such as:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Items worn by healthcare professionals to protect themselves from infectious materials or harmful substances, such as gloves, masks, face shields, gowns, and goggles.
2. Medical Devices: Equipment designed to prevent injury during medical procedures, such as tourniquets, safety needles, and bite blocks.
3. Patient Safety Devices: Items used to protect patients from harm, such as bed rails, pressure ulcer prevention devices, and fall prevention equipment.
4. Environmental Protection Devices: Equipment used to prevent the spread of infectious agents in healthcare settings, such as air purifiers, isolation rooms, and waste management systems.
5. Dental Protective Devices: Devices used in dental care to protect patients and dental professionals from injury or infection, such as dental dams, mouth mirrors, and high-speed evacuators.

The specific definition of protective devices may vary depending on the context and field of medicine.

Self care is a health practice that involves individuals taking responsibility for their own health and well-being by actively seeking out and participating in activities and behaviors that promote healthy living, prevent illness and disease, and manage existing medical conditions. Self care includes a wide range of activities such as:

* Following a healthy diet and exercise routine
* Getting adequate sleep and rest
* Managing stress through relaxation techniques or mindfulness practices
* Practicing good hygiene and grooming habits
* Seeking preventive care through regular check-ups and screenings
* Taking prescribed medications as directed by a healthcare provider
* Monitoring symptoms and seeking medical attention when necessary

Self care is an important part of overall health and wellness, and can help individuals maintain their physical, emotional, and mental health. It is also an essential component of chronic disease management, helping people with ongoing medical conditions to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

The term "frail elderly" is not a formal medical diagnosis, but rather a general description used to identify older adults who are vulnerable and at increased risk for negative health outcomes. Frailty is a complex syndrome characterized by decreased physiological reserve and resistance to stressors, which results in increased vulnerability to adverse outcomes.

The frail elderly often have multiple chronic conditions, cognitive impairment, functional limitations, social isolation, poor nutritional status, and sensory deficits. These factors contribute to a decline in their physical function, mobility, and overall health, making them more susceptible to falls, disability, hospitalization, institutionalization, and mortality.

There are several tools and criteria used to define frailty, including the Frailty Phenotype model proposed by Fried et al., which identifies frailty based on the presence of three or more of the following five criteria: unintentional weight loss, weakness (measured by grip strength), self-reported exhaustion, slow walking speed, and low physical activity. Another commonly used tool is the Clinical Frailty Scale, which assesses frailty based on a person's level of dependence and coexisting medical conditions.

It is important to note that frailty is not an inevitable part of aging, and interventions aimed at addressing its underlying causes can help improve outcomes for the frail elderly. These interventions may include exercise programs, nutritional support, medication management, and social engagement.

Dementia is a broad term that describes a decline in cognitive functioning, including memory, language, problem-solving, and judgment, severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is not a specific disease but rather a group of symptoms that may be caused by various underlying diseases or conditions. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of cases. Other causes include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Huntington's disease.

The symptoms of dementia can vary widely depending on the cause and the specific areas of the brain that are affected. However, common early signs of dementia may include:

* Memory loss that affects daily life
* Difficulty with familiar tasks
* Problems with language or communication
* Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities
* Misplacing things and unable to retrace steps
* Decreased or poor judgment
* Withdrawal from work or social activities
* Changes in mood or behavior

Dementia is a progressive condition, meaning that symptoms will gradually worsen over time. While there is currently no cure for dementia, early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression of the disease and improve quality of life for those affected.

I'm not a medical professional, but I can tell you that "housekeeping" is not a term typically used in a medical context. It generally refers to the maintenance and cleaning of living spaces or workplaces. However, in a healthcare setting, "housekeeping" may refer to the environmental services department responsible for maintaining cleanliness and infection control within the facility. This includes tasks such as cleaning patient rooms, common areas, and medical equipment to prevent the spread of infections and maintain a safe environment for patients, staff, and visitors.

A hospice is a specialized type of healthcare facility or program that provides palliative care and support for people who are experiencing a serious, life-limiting illness and have a prognosis of six months or less to live. The goal of hospice care is to improve the quality of life for patients and their families by managing symptoms, providing emotional and spiritual support, and helping patients and their loved ones navigate the end-of-life process with dignity and comfort.

Hospice care can be provided in a variety of settings, including hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, and private homes. The services offered by hospices may include medical care, pain management, nursing care, social work services, counseling, spiritual support, and volunteer services. Hospice care is typically covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and most private insurance plans.

It's important to note that choosing hospice care does not mean giving up hope or stopping treatment for a patient's illness. Instead, it means shifting the focus of care from curative treatments to comfort measures that can help patients live as fully and comfortably as possible in the time they have left.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

An accidental fall is an unplanned, unexpected event in which a person suddenly and involuntarily comes to rest on the ground or other lower level, excluding intentional changes in position (e.g., jumping to catch a ball) and landings that are part of a planned activity (e.g., diving into a pool). Accidental falls can occur for various reasons, such as environmental hazards, muscle weakness, balance problems, visual impairment, or certain medical conditions. They are a significant health concern, particularly among older adults, as they can lead to serious injuries, loss of independence, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality.

Terminal care, also known as end-of-life care or palliative care, is a type of medical care provided to patients who are in the final stages of a terminal illness or condition. The primary goal of terminal care is to provide comfort, dignity, and quality of life for the patient, rather than attempting to cure the disease or prolong life.

Terminal care may involve managing pain and other symptoms, providing emotional and psychological support to both the patient and their family, and helping the patient plan for the end of their life. This can include discussing advance directives, hospice care options, and other important decisions related to end-of-life care.

The focus of terminal care is on ensuring that the patient's physical, emotional, and spiritual needs are met in a compassionate and supportive manner. It is an essential component of high-quality medical care for patients who are facing the end of their lives.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

In medical terms, "dust" is not defined as a specific medical condition or disease. However, generally speaking, dust refers to small particles of solid matter that can be found in the air and can come from various sources, such as soil, pollen, hair, textiles, paper, or plastic.

Exposure to certain types of dust, such as those containing allergens, chemicals, or harmful pathogens, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, and lung diseases. Prolonged exposure to certain types of dust, such as silica or asbestos, can even lead to serious conditions like silicosis or mesothelioma.

Therefore, it is important for individuals who work in environments with high levels of dust to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing masks and respirators, to minimize their exposure and reduce the risk of health problems.

The term "family" in a medical context often refers to a group of individuals who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption and who consider themselves to be a single household. This can include spouses, parents, children, siblings, grandparents, and other extended family members. In some cases, the term may also be used more broadly to refer to any close-knit group of people who provide emotional and social support for one another, regardless of their biological or legal relationship.

In healthcare settings, understanding a patient's family dynamics can be important for providing effective care. Family members may be involved in decision-making about medical treatments, providing care and support at home, and communicating with healthcare providers. Additionally, cultural beliefs and values within families can influence health behaviors and attitudes towards medical care, making it essential for healthcare professionals to take a culturally sensitive approach when working with patients and their families.

In the context of healthcare, "safety" refers to the freedom from harm or injury that is intentionally designed into a process, system, or environment. It involves the prevention of adverse events or injuries, as well as the reduction of risk and the mitigation of harm when accidents do occur. Safety in healthcare aims to protect patients, healthcare workers, and other stakeholders from potential harm associated with medical care, treatments, or procedures. This is achieved through evidence-based practices, guidelines, protocols, training, and continuous quality improvement efforts.

Quality of health care is a term that refers to the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge. It encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Clinical effectiveness: The use of best available evidence to make decisions about prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care. This includes considering the benefits and harms of different options and making sure that the most effective interventions are used.
2. Safety: Preventing harm to patients and minimizing risks associated with healthcare. This involves identifying potential hazards, implementing measures to reduce errors, and learning from adverse events to improve systems and processes.
3. Patient-centeredness: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values. This includes ensuring that patients are fully informed about their condition and treatment options, involving them in decision-making, and providing emotional support throughout the care process.
4. Timeliness: Ensuring that healthcare services are delivered promptly and efficiently, without unnecessary delays. This includes coordinating care across different providers and settings to ensure continuity and avoid gaps in service.
5. Efficiency: Using resources wisely and avoiding waste, while still providing high-quality care. This involves considering the costs and benefits of different interventions, as well as ensuring that healthcare services are equitably distributed.
6. Equitability: Ensuring that all individuals have access to quality healthcare services, regardless of their socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, gender, age, or other factors. This includes addressing disparities in health outcomes and promoting fairness and justice in healthcare.

Overall, the quality of health care is a multidimensional concept that requires ongoing evaluation and improvement to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

Health care surveys are research tools used to systematically collect information from a population or sample regarding their experiences, perceptions, and knowledge of health services, health outcomes, and various other health-related topics. These surveys typically consist of standardized questionnaires that cover specific aspects of healthcare, such as access to care, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health disparities, and healthcare costs. The data gathered from health care surveys are used to inform policy decisions, improve healthcare delivery, identify best practices, allocate resources, and monitor the health status of populations. Health care surveys can be conducted through various modes, including in-person interviews, telephone interviews, mail-in questionnaires, or online platforms.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Household Articles" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to items or goods used in a household for everyday activities, such as cleaning supplies, dishes, furniture, and personal care products. However, in a medical context, it may refer to items that are commonly found in a household and could potentially pose a risk for injury or illness, such as medications, sharp objects, or cleaning products. It's always important to keep these items out of reach of children and pets, and to follow proper safety guidelines when using them.

Medicaid is a joint federal-state program that provides health coverage for low-income individuals, including children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Eligibility, benefits, and administration vary by state, but the program is designed to ensure that low-income individuals have access to necessary medical services. Medicaid is funded jointly by the federal government and the states, and is administered by the states under broad federal guidelines.

Medicaid programs must cover certain mandatory benefits, such as inpatient and outpatient hospital services, laboratory and X-ray services, and physician services. States also have the option to provide additional benefits, such as dental care, vision services, and prescription drugs. In addition, many states have expanded their Medicaid programs to cover more low-income adults under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Medicaid is an important source of health coverage for millions of Americans, providing access to necessary medical care and helping to reduce financial burden for low-income individuals.

A "social environment" is not a term that has a specific medical definition, but it is often used in the context of public health and social sciences to refer to the physical and social conditions, relationships, and organized institutions that influence the health and well-being of individuals and communities.

The social environment includes factors such as:

* Social support networks (family, friends, community)
* Cultural norms and values
* Socioeconomic status (income, education, occupation)
* Housing and neighborhood conditions
* Access to resources (food, healthcare, transportation)
* Exposure to discrimination, violence, and other stressors

These factors can have a significant impact on health outcomes, as they can influence behaviors related to health (such as diet, exercise, and substance use), as well as exposure to disease and access to healthcare. Understanding the social environment is essential for developing effective public health interventions and policies that promote health equity and reduce health disparities.

Medicare is a social insurance program in the United States, administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), that provides health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over; or who have certain disabilities; or who have End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant).

The program consists of four parts:

1. Hospital Insurance (Part A), which helps pay for inpatient care in hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, hospices, and home health care.
2. Medical Insurance (Part B), which helps pay for doctors' services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.
3. Medicare Advantage Plans (Part C), which are private insurance plans that provide all of your Part A and Part B benefits, and may include additional benefits like dental, vision, and hearing coverage.
4. Prescription Drug Coverage (Part D), which helps pay for medications doctors prescribe for treatment.

Medicare is funded by payroll taxes, premiums paid by beneficiaries, and general revenue. Beneficiaries typically pay a monthly premium for Part B and Part D coverage, while Part A is generally free for those who have worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least 40 quarters.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "England" is not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom, along with Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England is located in the southern part of Great Britain, which is the largest island of the British Isles.

If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

In the context of medicine, the term "ownership" is not typically used as a formal medical definition. However, it may be used informally to refer to the responsibility and authority that a healthcare provider has in managing a patient's care. For example, a physician may say that they "take ownership" of a patient's care, meaning that they will oversee and coordinate all aspects of the patient's medical treatment. Additionally, in medical research or clinical trials, "data ownership" refers to who has the rights to access, use, and share the data collected during the study.

A "homebound person" is a term used in the medical field to describe an individual who has a condition that restricts their ability to leave their home without considerable effort or assistance. According to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), a homebound patient is generally defined as someone whose illness or injury makes it so they have difficulty leaving their place of residence, and their condition must be such that it is contraindicated for them to leave their home, or they need the help of another person or medical equipment to do so. This designation is often used in the context of healthcare services, as patients who are considered homebound may be eligible for certain benefits, such as home health care.

I'm happy to help, but it seems there might be some confusion in your question. "Interviews" is a broad topic that isn't typically a medical term or subject. However, interviews can certainly be a part of medical settings and procedures, such as job interviews for healthcare positions, patient interviews during medical consultations, or research interviews in clinical studies.

In the context of medical education, an interview might refer to the process by which medical schools evaluate applicants for admission, known as the medical school interview. This is a critical component of the application process and typically involves one-on-one conversations between the applicant and an admissions committee member or a series of multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) with various evaluators.

If you could provide more context or clarify what you mean by "Interviews as Topic" in a medical setting, I'd be happy to help further!

In the context of medical terminology, "heating" generally refers to the application of heat to an area of the body for therapeutic purposes. This can be done using various methods such as hot packs, heating pads, warm compresses, or even heated wax. The goal of applying heat is to increase blood flow, reduce pain and muscle spasms, and promote healing in the affected area. It's important to note that excessive heating or application of heat to sensitive areas should be avoided, as it can lead to burns or other injuries.

Accident prevention is the systematic process of identifying, evaluating, and controlling hazards and risks in order to prevent or reduce the occurrence of unplanned and unwanted events, also known as accidents. It involves implementing measures and practices to promote safety, minimize potential injuries, and protect individuals, property, and the environment from harm.

Accident prevention can be achieved through various strategies such as:

1. Hazard identification and risk assessment: Identifying potential hazards in the workplace or environment and evaluating the level of risk they pose.
2. Implementing controls: Putting in place measures to eliminate or reduce the risks associated with identified hazards, such as engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment.
3. Training and education: Providing employees and individuals with the necessary knowledge and skills to work safely and prevent accidents.
4. Regular inspections and maintenance: Conducting regular inspections of equipment and facilities to ensure they are in good working order and identifying any potential hazards before they become a risk.
5. Incident reporting and investigation: Encouraging employees and individuals to report incidents and conducting thorough investigations to identify root causes and prevent future occurrences.
6. Continuous improvement: Regularly reviewing and updating accident prevention measures to ensure they remain effective and up-to-date with changing circumstances.

Midwifery is the health profession that involves providing care to childbearing individuals and their newborns during pregnancy, labor, birth, and postpartum period. Midwives offer a range of services including: conducting physical examinations, monitoring the health of the fetus and mother, providing education and counseling on pregnancy-related topics, managing common complaints and complications, and collaborating with other healthcare professionals when necessary. They promote normal childbirth and work to minimize technological interventions, while ensuring the safety and well-being of both the mother and baby. Midwifery is based on the principles of informed choice, continuity of care, and evidence-based practice.

"Family characteristics" is a broad term that can refer to various attributes, dynamics, and structures of a family unit. These characteristics can include:

1. Family structure: This refers to the composition of the family, such as whether it is a nuclear family (two parents and their children), single-parent family, extended family, blended family, or same-sex parent family.
2. Family roles: The responsibilities and expectations assigned to each family member, such as caregiver, provider, or decision-maker.
3. Communication patterns: How family members communicate with one another, including frequency, tone, and level of openness.
4. Problem-solving styles: How the family approaches and resolves conflicts and challenges.
5. Cultural and religious practices: The values, traditions, and beliefs that shape the family's identity and worldview.
6. Family functioning: The overall health and effectiveness of the family system, including its ability to adapt to change and support individual members' needs.
7. Attachment styles: The quality and nature of the emotional bonds between family members, which can impact attachment security and relationships throughout life.
8. Parenting style: The approach that parents take in raising their children, such as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or uninvolved.
9. Family history: Past experiences and events that have shaped the family's development and dynamics.
10. Genetic factors: Inherited traits and predispositions that can influence family members' health, behavior, and personality.

Understanding family characteristics is essential in fields such as medicine, psychology, social work, and counseling, as these factors can significantly impact individual and family well-being.

Patient satisfaction is a concept in healthcare quality measurement that reflects the patient's perspective and evaluates their experience with the healthcare services they have received. It is a multidimensional construct that includes various aspects such as interpersonal mannerisms of healthcare providers, technical competence, accessibility, timeliness, comfort, and communication.

Patient satisfaction is typically measured through standardized surveys or questionnaires that ask patients to rate their experiences on various aspects of care. The results are often used to assess the quality of care provided by healthcare organizations, identify areas for improvement, and inform policy decisions. However, it's important to note that patient satisfaction is just one aspect of healthcare quality and should be considered alongside other measures such as clinical outcomes and patient safety.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "parents" is not a term that has a medical definition. In general usage, parents are the two people (typically) who bring up and care for a child, or who have given birth to or adopted a child. They are responsible for the child's housing, food, clothing, education, and medical care. Is there a specific medical or healthcare-related context you had in mind? I would be happy to help further if I can.

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) is a non-invasive method of measuring blood pressure at regular intervals over a 24-hour period or more. This is typically done using a portable device that is worn on a belt around the waist and connected to a cuff wrapped around the upper arm. The device automatically inflates the cuff and records blood pressure readings at preset intervals, usually every 15 to 30 minutes during the day and every 30 to 60 minutes during the night.

ABPM provides valuable information about blood pressure patterns over an extended period, including how it varies throughout the day and in response to daily activities, posture changes, and sleep. This can help healthcare providers diagnose and manage hypertension more effectively, as well as assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive medications. ABPM is also useful for identifying white coat hypertension, a condition where blood pressure readings are higher in a medical setting than in daily life.

Overall, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases.

Prospective studies, also known as longitudinal studies, are a type of cohort study in which data is collected forward in time, following a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure over a period of time. The researchers clearly define the study population and exposure of interest at the beginning of the study and follow up with the participants to determine the outcomes that develop over time. This type of study design allows for the investigation of causal relationships between exposures and outcomes, as well as the identification of risk factors and the estimation of disease incidence rates. Prospective studies are particularly useful in epidemiology and medical research when studying diseases with long latency periods or rare outcomes.

A "patient transfer" is a medical procedure that involves moving a patient from one location, piece of medical equipment, or healthcare provider to another. This can include:

1. Transferring a patient from a bed to a stretcher, wheelchair, or other mobility device.
2. Moving a patient from a hospital bed to a surgical table or imaging machine such as an MRI or CT scanner.
3. Transporting a patient between healthcare facilities, such as from a hospital to a rehabilitation center or long-term care facility.
4. Transferring a patient between medical teams during the course of their treatment, like when they are moved from the emergency department to the intensive care unit.

Patient transfers require careful planning and execution to ensure the safety and comfort of the patient, as well as to prevent any potential injuries or complications for both the patient and the healthcare providers involved in the process. Proper techniques, equipment, and communication are essential for a successful patient transfer.

Parenteral Nutrition, Home Total is a medical term that refers to a specialized type of nutrition support provided to patients through the administration of nutrients directly into the bloodstream, outside of the gastrointestinal tract. This technique is used when a patient's digestive system cannot adequately absorb or process nutrients from food or oral supplements.

Home Total Parenteral Nutrition (HTPN) specifically refers to the administration of this therapy in the patient's home setting, rather than in a hospital. This approach allows patients to receive ongoing nutrition support while maintaining their quality of life and independence as much as possible. The nutrient solution is typically administered through a catheter that is inserted into a vein, most commonly in the chest region (central line).

The "total" aspect of HTPN indicates that this form of parenteral nutrition provides all of the patient's nutritional needs, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. The solution is tailored to each individual patient's requirements, based on their medical condition, nutritional status, and metabolic demands.

HTPN is typically used for patients with chronic intestinal failure due to conditions such as short bowel syndrome, severe inflammatory bowel disease, or motility disorders. It may also be employed in the case of acute intestinal failure that requires prolonged nutritional support. Patients receiving HTPN require close medical supervision and monitoring to ensure proper dosing, prevent complications, and maintain their overall health.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

A Patient Care Team is a group of healthcare professionals from various disciplines who work together to provide comprehensive, coordinated care to a patient. The team may include doctors, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, physical therapists, dietitians, and other specialists as needed, depending on the patient's medical condition and healthcare needs.

The Patient Care Team works collaboratively to develop an individualized care plan for the patient, taking into account their medical history, current health status, treatment options, and personal preferences. The team members communicate regularly to share information, coordinate care, and make any necessary adjustments to the care plan.

The goal of a Patient Care Team is to ensure that the patient receives high-quality, safe, and effective care that is tailored to their unique needs and preferences. By working together, the team can provide more comprehensive and coordinated care, which can lead to better outcomes for the patient.

Nursing services refer to the health care activities and practices performed by registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), and other nursing professionals. These services encompass various aspects of patient care, including:

1. Assessment: Nurses evaluate a patient's physical, psychological, social, and emotional status to identify their healthcare needs and establish individualized care plans.
2. Diagnosis: Based on the assessment data, nurses formulate nursing diagnoses that describe the patient's response to health conditions or situations.
3. Outcome identification: Nurses determine expected outcomes for each nursing diagnosis based on evidence-based practice guidelines and best available research.
4. Planning: Nurses develop a plan of care that outlines interventions, resources, and strategies to achieve desired patient outcomes.
5. Implementation: Nurses execute the plan of care by providing direct patient care, administering medications, performing treatments, and coordinating with other healthcare team members.
6. Evaluation: Nurses assess the effectiveness of the interventions and modify the plan of care as needed to ensure optimal patient outcomes.
7. Patient education: Nurses teach patients, families, and caregivers about self-care, disease processes, medication management, and healthy lifestyle choices to promote wellness and prevent complications.
8. Case management: Nurses coordinate services across the healthcare continuum, including referrals to specialists, home health care, and community resources, to ensure comprehensive and cost-effective care.
9. Advocacy: Nurses advocate for patients' rights, preferences, and values in decision-making processes related to their healthcare.
10. Collaboration: Nurses collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, social workers, and therapists, to provide integrated and coordinated care.

Nursing services can be provided in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, community health centers, and patients' homes. The primary goal of nursing services is to promote, maintain, or restore patients' health, well-being, and quality of life.

Patient admission in a medical context refers to the process by which a patient is formally accepted and registered into a hospital or healthcare facility for treatment or further medical care. This procedure typically includes the following steps:

1. Patient registration: The patient's personal information, such as name, address, contact details, and insurance coverage, are recorded in the hospital's system.
2. Clinical assessment: A healthcare professional evaluates the patient's medical condition to determine the appropriate level of care required and develop a plan for treatment. This may involve consulting with other healthcare providers, reviewing medical records, and performing necessary tests or examinations.
3. Bed assignment: Based on the clinical assessment, the hospital staff assigns an appropriate bed in a suitable unit (e.g., intensive care unit, step-down unit, general ward) for the patient's care.
4. Informed consent: The healthcare team explains the proposed treatment plan and associated risks to the patient or their legal representative, obtaining informed consent before proceeding with any invasive procedures or significant interventions.
5. Admission orders: The attending physician documents the admission orders in the medical chart, specifying the diagnostic tests, medications, treatments, and care plans for the patient during their hospital stay.
6. Notification of family members or caregivers: Hospital staff informs the patient's emergency contact or next of kin about their admission and provides relevant information regarding their condition, treatment plan, and any necessary follow-up instructions.
7. Patient education: The healthcare team educates the patient on what to expect during their hospital stay, including potential side effects, self-care strategies, and discharge planning.

The goal of patient admission is to ensure a smooth transition into the healthcare facility, providing timely and appropriate care while maintaining open communication with patients, families, and caregivers throughout the process.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Urban Population" is not a medical term. It is a demographic term used to describe the portion of a country's population that lives in areas classified as urban. The United Nations defines an urban area as a city, town, or other agglomeration with a population of 20,000 or more. However, the specific definition can vary by country and organization.

In contrast, medical terms typically refer to conditions, diseases, symptoms, treatments, or healthcare-related concepts. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to help if I can!

"Architectural accessibility" is a term used to describe the design and construction of buildings, facilities, and outdoor spaces in a way that allows people with disabilities to safely and independently use them. This includes considerations such as wheelchair ramps, elevators, automatic doors, accessible restrooms, and visual and auditory alerts. The goal is to ensure equal access and opportunity for individuals with disabilities, in accordance with various national and international accessibility standards and guidelines, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in the United States.

Community health services refer to a type of healthcare delivery that is organized around the needs of a specific population or community, rather than individual patients. These services are typically focused on preventive care, health promotion, and improving access to care for underserved populations. They can include a wide range of services, such as:

* Primary care, including routine check-ups, immunizations, and screenings
* Dental care
* Mental health and substance abuse treatment
* Public health initiatives, such as disease prevention and health education programs
* Home health care and other supportive services for people with chronic illnesses or disabilities
* Health services for special populations, such as children, the elderly, or those living in rural areas

The goal of community health services is to improve the overall health of a population by addressing the social, economic, and environmental factors that can impact health. This approach recognizes that healthcare is just one factor in determining a person's health outcomes, and that other factors such as housing, education, and income also play important roles. By working to address these underlying determinants of health, community health services aim to improve the health and well-being of entire communities.

A nursing assessment is the process of collecting and analyzing data about a patient's health status, including their physical, psychological, social, cultural, and emotional needs. This information is used to identify actual or potential health problems, develop a plan of care, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. Nursing assessments may include observing and documenting the patient's vital signs, appearance, behavior, mobility, nutrition, elimination, comfort level, cognitive status, and emotional well-being. They are typically conducted upon admission to a healthcare facility, during transitions of care, and on a regular basis throughout the course of treatment to ensure that the patient's needs are being met and that any changes in their condition are promptly identified and addressed.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

"Length of Stay" (LOS) is a term commonly used in healthcare to refer to the amount of time a patient spends receiving care in a hospital, clinic, or other healthcare facility. It is typically measured in hours, days, or weeks and can be used as a metric for various purposes such as resource planning, quality assessment, and reimbursement. The length of stay can vary depending on the type of illness or injury, the severity of the condition, the patient's response to treatment, and other factors. It is an important consideration in healthcare management and can have significant implications for both patients and providers.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Mothers" is a term that refers to individuals who have given birth to and raised children. It is not a medical term with a specific definition. If you are referring to a different word or term, please clarify so I can provide a more accurate response.

Quality of Life (QOL) is a broad, multidimensional concept that usually includes an individual's physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships, personal beliefs, and their relationship to salient features of their environment. It reflects the impact of disease and treatment on a patient's overall well-being and ability to function in daily life.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines QOL as "an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns." It is a subjective concept, meaning it can vary greatly from person to person.

In healthcare, QOL is often used as an outcome measure in clinical trials and other research studies to assess the impact of interventions or treatments on overall patient well-being.

A wound is a type of injury that occurs when the skin or other tissues are cut, pierced, torn, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, violence, surgery, or certain medical conditions. There are several different types of wounds, including:

* Incisions: These are cuts that are made deliberately, often during surgery. They are usually straight and clean.
* Lacerations: These are tears in the skin or other tissues. They can be irregular and jagged.
* Abrasions: These occur when the top layer of skin is scraped off. They may look like a bruise or a scab.
* Punctures: These are wounds that are caused by sharp objects, such as needles or knives. They are usually small and deep.
* Avulsions: These occur when tissue is forcibly torn away from the body. They can be very serious and require immediate medical attention.

Injuries refer to any harm or damage to the body, including wounds. Injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more severe injuries such as fractures, dislocations, and head trauma. It is important to seek medical attention for any injury that is causing significant pain, swelling, or bleeding, or if there is a suspected bone fracture or head injury.

In general, wounds and injuries should be cleaned and covered with a sterile bandage to prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the wound or injury, additional medical treatment may be necessary. This may include stitches for deep cuts, immobilization for broken bones, or surgery for more serious injuries. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pilot projects" is not a medical term per se. Instead, it is a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine, to describe a small-scale initiative that is implemented on a temporary basis to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, or impact before deciding whether to expand or continue it.

In the context of healthcare, pilot projects might involve testing new treatment protocols, implementing innovative care models, or introducing technology solutions in a limited setting to assess their potential benefits and drawbacks. The results of these projects can help inform decisions about broader implementation and provide valuable insights for improving the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

Health services research (HSR) is a multidisciplinary field of scientific investigation that studies how social factors, financing systems, organizational structures and processes, health technologies, and personal behaviors affect access to healthcare, the quality and cost of care, and ultimately, our health and well-being. The goal of HSR is to inform policy and practice, improve system performance, and enhance the health and well-being of individuals and communities. It involves the use of various research methods, including epidemiology, biostatistics, economics, sociology, management science, political science, and psychology, to answer questions about the healthcare system and how it can be improved.

Examples of HSR topics include:

* Evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different healthcare interventions and technologies
* Studying patient-centered care and patient experiences with the healthcare system
* Examining healthcare workforce issues, such as shortages of primary care providers or the impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes
* Investigating the impact of health insurance design and financing systems on access to care and health disparities
* Analyzing the organization and delivery of healthcare services in different settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities
* Identifying best practices for improving healthcare quality and safety, reducing medical errors, and eliminating wasteful or unnecessary care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Floors and Floorcoverings" is not a medical term. It refers to the physical structures and materials used to cover floors in buildings or homes. If you have any medical terms that you would like me to define, please let me know!

A rural population refers to people who live in areas that are outside of urban areas, typically defined as having fewer than 2,000 residents and lacking certain infrastructure and services such as running water, sewage systems, and paved roads. Rural populations often have less access to healthcare services, education, and economic opportunities compared to their urban counterparts. This population group can face unique health challenges, including higher rates of poverty, limited access to specialized medical care, and a greater exposure to environmental hazards such as agricultural chemicals and industrial pollutants.

Proprietary health facilities are privately owned and operated healthcare facilities. These facilities are typically motivated by profit and can take various forms such as hospitals, clinics, diagnostic centers, rehabilitation facilities, and long-term care centers. They can be owned and managed by a single individual, a group of investors, or a corporation.

Proprietary health facilities may provide a range of medical services, from routine check-ups to complex procedures, depending on their size, staffing, and equipment. They are subject to state and federal regulations regarding patient safety, quality of care, and billing practices. Patients who choose to receive care at proprietary health facilities typically pay out-of-pocket or through private insurance, although some may also accept Medicare and Medicaid payments.

A pressure ulcer, also known as a pressure injury or bedsore, is defined by the National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel (NPIAP) as "localized damage to the skin and/or underlying soft tissue usually over a bony prominence or related to a medical or other device." The damage can be caused by intense and/or prolonged pressure or shear forces, or a combination of both. Pressure ulcers are staged based on their severity, ranging from an initial reddening of the skin (Stage 1) to full-thickness tissue loss that extends down to muscle and bone (Stage 4). Unstageable pressure ulcers are those in which the base of the wound is covered by yellow, tan, green or brown tissue and the extent of tissue damage is not visible. Suspected deep tissue injury (Suspected DTI) describes intact skin or non-blanchable redness of a localized area usually over a bony prominence due to pressure and/or shear. The area may be preceded by tissue that is painful, firm, mushy, boggy, warmer or cooler as compared to adjacent tissue.

Self-help devices, also known as assistive devices or adaptive equipment, are tools that help individuals perform activities of daily living (ADLs) that have become difficult or impossible due to disability, injury, or aging. These devices can help improve a person's independence, safety, and quality of life by reducing the physical demands of daily tasks and compensating for functional limitations.

Examples of self-help devices include:

1. Mobility aids: walkers, canes, crutches, wheelchairs, scooters, and prosthetics that help with mobility and balance.
2. Bathroom aids: raised toilet seats, shower chairs, grab bars, and non-slip mats that help with bathing and toileting.
3. Dressing aids: button hooks, zipper pulls, reachers, and dressing sticks that help with dressing and grooming.
4. Kitchen aids: easy-grip utensils, jar openers, and adapted cutting boards that help with meal preparation and cooking.
5. Communication aids: speech-generating devices, communication boards, and hearing aids that help with communication and social interaction.
6. Cognitive aids: memory aids, calendar organizers, and visual cues that help with memory, attention, and executive functioning.

It is important to consult with healthcare professionals, such as occupational therapists or physical therapists, to determine the appropriate self-help devices for an individual's specific needs and to ensure proper use and safety.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Costs refer to the total amount of resources, such as money, time, and labor, that are expended in the provision of a medical service or treatment. Costs can be categorized into direct costs, which include expenses directly related to patient care, such as medication, supplies, and personnel; and indirect costs, which include overhead expenses, such as rent, utilities, and administrative salaries.

Cost analysis is the process of estimating and evaluating the total cost of a medical service or treatment. This involves identifying and quantifying all direct and indirect costs associated with the provision of care, and analyzing how these costs may vary based on factors such as patient volume, resource utilization, and reimbursement rates.

Cost analysis is an important tool for healthcare organizations to understand the financial implications of their operations and make informed decisions about resource allocation, pricing strategies, and quality improvement initiatives. It can also help policymakers and payers evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different treatment options and develop evidence-based guidelines for clinical practice.

Child welfare is a broad term that refers to the overall well-being and protection of children. It encompasses a range of services and interventions aimed at promoting the physical, emotional, social, and educational development of children, while also protecting them from harm, abuse, and neglect. The medical definition of child welfare may include:

1. Preventive Services: Programs and interventions designed to strengthen families and prevent child maltreatment, such as home visiting programs, parent education classes, and family support services.
2. Protective Services: Interventions that aim to protect children from harm, abuse, or neglect, including investigations of reports of maltreatment, removal of children from dangerous situations, and provision of alternative care arrangements.
3. Family Reunification Services: Efforts to reunite children with their families when it is safe and in the best interest of the child, such as family therapy, parent-child visitation, and case management services.
4. Permanency Planning: The development of long-term plans for children who cannot safely return to their families, including adoption, guardianship, or other permanent living arrangements.
5. Foster Care Services: Provision of temporary care for children who cannot safely remain in their own homes, including placement with foster families, group homes, or residential treatment facilities.
6. Child Health and Development Services: Programs that promote the physical, emotional, and developmental well-being of children, such as health screenings, immunizations, mental health services, and early intervention programs for children with special needs.
7. Advocacy and Policy Development: Efforts to promote policies and practices that support the well-being and protection of children, including advocating for laws and regulations that protect children's rights and ensure their safety and well-being.

Long-term care insurance is a type of insurance policy that helps cover the costs of chronic or prolonged illness, disability, or cognitive impairment such as Alzheimer's disease. These policies help pay for services and supports in your home, adult day care centers, respite care, hospice care, assisted living facilities, memory care facilities, and nursing homes.

Long-term care insurance typically covers the following types of services:

1. Personal care services: This includes assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, dressing, grooming, using the toilet, eating, and moving around.
2. Home health care services: This includes skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and hospice care provided in your home.
3. Assisted living facilities: This includes room and board, personal care services, and supportive services such as medication management, transportation, and social activities.
4. Nursing homes: This includes skilled nursing care, rehabilitation services, and custodial care in a licensed nursing facility.

Long-term care insurance policies typically have a waiting period (also known as an elimination period) before benefits begin, which can range from 30 to 100 days. The policyholder is responsible for paying for long-term care services during this waiting period. Additionally, premiums for long-term care insurance may increase over time, and policies may have limits on the amount of coverage provided.

It's important to note that long-term care insurance can be expensive, and not everyone will qualify for coverage due to age or health conditions. Therefore, it's essential to carefully consider your options and consult with a licensed insurance professional before purchasing a policy.

Ambulatory monitoring is a medical practice that involves the continuous or intermittent recording of physiological parameters in a patient who is mobile and able to perform their usual activities while outside of a hospital or clinical setting. This type of monitoring allows healthcare professionals to evaluate a patient's condition over an extended period, typically 24 hours or more, in their natural environment.

Ambulatory monitoring can be used to diagnose and manage various medical conditions such as hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, sleep disorders, and mobility issues. Common methods of ambulatory monitoring include:

1. Holter monitoring: A small, portable device that records the electrical activity of the heart for 24-48 hours or more.
2. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM): A device that measures blood pressure at regular intervals throughout the day and night.
3. Event monitors: Devices that record heart rhythms only when symptoms occur or when activated by the patient.
4. Actigraphy: A non-invasive method of monitoring sleep-wake patterns, physical activity, and circadian rhythms using a wristwatch-like device.
5. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM): A device that measures blood sugar levels continuously throughout the day and night.

Overall, ambulatory monitoring provides valuable information about a patient's physiological status in their natural environment, allowing healthcare professionals to make informed decisions regarding diagnosis, treatment, and management of medical conditions.

Palliative care is a type of medical care that focuses on relieving the pain, symptoms, and stress of serious illnesses. The goal is to improve quality of life for both the patient and their family. It is provided by a team of doctors, nurses, and other specialists who work together to address the physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs of the patient. Palliative care can be provided at any stage of an illness, alongside curative treatments, and is not dependent on prognosis.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines palliative care as: "an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychological and spiritual."

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

Follow-up studies are a type of longitudinal research that involve repeated observations or measurements of the same variables over a period of time, in order to understand their long-term effects or outcomes. In medical context, follow-up studies are often used to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical treatments, interventions, or procedures.

In a typical follow-up study, a group of individuals (called a cohort) who have received a particular treatment or intervention are identified and then followed over time through periodic assessments or data collection. The data collected may include information on clinical outcomes, adverse events, changes in symptoms or functional status, and other relevant measures.

The results of follow-up studies can provide important insights into the long-term benefits and risks of medical interventions, as well as help to identify factors that may influence treatment effectiveness or patient outcomes. However, it is important to note that follow-up studies can be subject to various biases and limitations, such as loss to follow-up, recall bias, and changes in clinical practice over time, which must be carefully considered when interpreting the results.

"Age factors" refer to the effects, changes, or differences that age can have on various aspects of health, disease, and medical care. These factors can encompass a wide range of issues, including:

1. Physiological changes: As people age, their bodies undergo numerous physical changes that can affect how they respond to medications, illnesses, and medical procedures. For example, older adults may be more sensitive to certain drugs or have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
2. Chronic conditions: Age is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. As a result, age-related medical issues are common and can impact treatment decisions and outcomes.
3. Cognitive decline: Aging can also lead to cognitive changes, including memory loss and decreased decision-making abilities. These changes can affect a person's ability to understand and comply with medical instructions, leading to potential complications in their care.
4. Functional limitations: Older adults may experience physical limitations that impact their mobility, strength, and balance, increasing the risk of falls and other injuries. These limitations can also make it more challenging for them to perform daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking.
5. Social determinants: Age-related factors, such as social isolation, poverty, and lack of access to transportation, can impact a person's ability to obtain necessary medical care and affect their overall health outcomes.

Understanding age factors is critical for healthcare providers to deliver high-quality, patient-centered care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of older adults. By taking these factors into account, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans that consider a person's age, physical condition, cognitive abilities, and social circumstances.

Health services accessibility refers to the degree to which individuals and populations are able to obtain needed health services in a timely manner. It includes factors such as physical access (e.g., distance, transportation), affordability (e.g., cost of services, insurance coverage), availability (e.g., supply of providers, hours of operation), and acceptability (e.g., cultural competence, language concordance).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), accessibility is one of the key components of health system performance, along with responsiveness and fair financing. Improving accessibility to health services is essential for achieving universal health coverage and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare without facing financial hardship. Factors that affect health services accessibility can vary widely between and within countries, and addressing these disparities requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy interventions, infrastructure development, and community engagement.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Great Britain" is not a medical concept or condition. It is a geographical and political term referring to the largest island in the British Isles, on which the majority of England, Scotland, and Wales are located. It's also used to refer to the political union of these three countries, which is called the United Kingdom. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition.

Longitudinal studies are a type of research design where data is collected from the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time, often years or even decades. These studies are used to establish patterns of changes and events over time, and can help researchers identify causal relationships between variables. They are particularly useful in fields such as epidemiology, psychology, and sociology, where the focus is on understanding developmental trends and the long-term effects of various factors on health and behavior.

In medical research, longitudinal studies can be used to track the progression of diseases over time, identify risk factors for certain conditions, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. For example, a longitudinal study might follow a group of individuals over several decades to assess their exposure to certain environmental factors and their subsequent development of chronic diseases such as cancer or heart disease. By comparing data collected at multiple time points, researchers can identify trends and correlations that may not be apparent in shorter-term studies.

Longitudinal studies have several advantages over other research designs, including their ability to establish temporal relationships between variables, track changes over time, and reduce the impact of confounding factors. However, they also have some limitations, such as the potential for attrition (loss of participants over time), which can introduce bias and affect the validity of the results. Additionally, longitudinal studies can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, requiring significant resources and a long-term commitment from both researchers and study participants.

Patient compliance, also known as medication adherence or patient adherence, refers to the degree to which a patient's behavior matches the agreed-upon recommendations from their healthcare provider. This includes taking medications as prescribed (including the correct dosage, frequency, and duration), following dietary restrictions, making lifestyle changes, and attending follow-up appointments. Poor patient compliance can negatively impact treatment outcomes and lead to worsening of symptoms, increased healthcare costs, and development of drug-resistant strains in the case of antibiotics. It is a significant challenge in healthcare and efforts are being made to improve patient education, communication, and support to enhance compliance.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Fires" is not a medical term that I am aware of. In a general context, a fire refers to the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products. If you are asking about a specific medical term or condition, could you please provide more context or clarify your question? I'm here to help!

Health services needs refer to the population's requirement for healthcare services based on their health status, disease prevalence, and clinical guidelines. These needs can be categorized into normative needs (based on expert opinions or clinical guidelines) and expressed needs (based on individuals' perceptions of their own healthcare needs).

On the other hand, health services demand refers to the quantity of healthcare services that consumers are willing and able to pay for, given their preferences, values, and financial resources. Demand is influenced by various factors such as price, income, education level, and cultural beliefs.

It's important to note that while needs represent a population's requirement for healthcare services, demand reflects the actual utilization of these services. Understanding both health services needs and demand is crucial in planning and delivering effective healthcare services that meet the population's requirements while ensuring efficient resource allocation.

The term "environment" in a medical context generally refers to the external conditions and surroundings that can have an impact on living organisms, including humans. This includes both physical factors such as air quality, water supply, soil composition, temperature, and radiation, as well as biological factors such as the presence of microorganisms, plants, and animals.

In public health and epidemiology, the term "environmental exposure" is often used to describe the contact between an individual and a potentially harmful environmental agent, such as air pollution or contaminated water. These exposures can have significant impacts on human health, contributing to a range of diseases and disorders, including respiratory illnesses, cancer, neurological disorders, and reproductive problems.

Efforts to protect and improve the environment are therefore critical for promoting human health and preventing disease. This includes measures to reduce pollution, conserve natural resources, promote sustainable development, and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

There is no specific medical definition for "Health Facility Size" as it can refer to various aspects of a healthcare institution's physical infrastructure. Generally, it refers to the square footage or floor area of a health facility, which can impact the range and volume of services provided, the number of patients served, and the efficiency of care delivery.

The size of a health facility may vary based on factors such as:

1. Specialty: Hospitals specializing in complex procedures like organ transplants or cancer treatments typically require more space for specialized equipment, operating rooms, and support services.
2. Capacity: The number of beds available in a hospital directly affects its size. A larger hospital may have hundreds of beds, while smaller facilities might only have a few dozen.
3. Services offered: Ambulatory surgery centers, urgent care clinics, and primary care offices typically require less space than full-service hospitals due to the nature of their services.
4. Geographic location: Rural areas may have smaller health facilities due to lower population density and fewer resources, while urban areas might have larger facilities with more comprehensive services.
5. Ownership: Publicly owned or nonprofit healthcare institutions may have different space requirements and funding sources compared to for-profit organizations, which can impact facility size.

In summary, "Health Facility Size" is a broad term that encompasses various aspects of a healthcare institution's physical infrastructure, including square footage, number of beds, and services offered.

Patient education, as defined by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), is "the teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs. It includes the patient's understanding of his or her condition and the necessary procedures for self, assisted, or professional care." This encompasses a wide range of activities and interventions aimed at helping patients and their families understand their medical conditions, treatment options, self-care skills, and overall health management. Effective patient education can lead to improved health outcomes, increased patient satisfaction, and better use of healthcare resources.

'Infant care' is not a medical term per se, but it generally refers to the provision of nurturing and developmentally appropriate support, supervision, and healthcare for newborns and young children, typically up to 12 months of age. This can include:

1. Meeting basic needs: Providing food (through breastfeeding or formula), changing diapers, ensuring a safe sleep environment, and maintaining hygiene.
2. Monitoring growth and development: Tracking weight gain, height, head circumference, and motor skills to ensure normal developmental progression.
3. Preventive care: Administering vaccinations according to the recommended immunization schedule, performing routine health screenings, and providing guidance on safety practices (e.g., car seat usage, safe sleep).
4. Early detection and management of medical issues: Identifying and addressing common infant health problems such as colic, reflux, or ear infections, and seeking prompt medical attention for more serious conditions.
5. Emotional bonding and attachment: Promoting parent-infant bonding through skin-to-skin contact, responsive feeding, and consistent caregiving.
6. Supporting cognitive and social development: Engaging in age-appropriate play and interaction to foster language development, problem-solving skills, and emotional regulation.
7. Providing education and guidance: Offering evidence-based information on various aspects of infant care, such as feeding, sleep, and soothing techniques, to support parents in their caregiving role.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

A cohort study is a type of observational study in which a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure are followed up over time to determine the incidence of a specific outcome or outcomes. The cohort, or group, is defined based on the exposure status (e.g., exposed vs. unexposed) and then monitored prospectively to assess for the development of new health events or conditions.

Cohort studies can be either prospective or retrospective in design. In a prospective cohort study, participants are enrolled and followed forward in time from the beginning of the study. In contrast, in a retrospective cohort study, researchers identify a cohort that has already been assembled through medical records, insurance claims, or other sources and then look back in time to assess exposure status and health outcomes.

Cohort studies are useful for establishing causality between an exposure and an outcome because they allow researchers to observe the temporal relationship between the two. They can also provide information on the incidence of a disease or condition in different populations, which can be used to inform public health policy and interventions. However, cohort studies can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, and they may be subject to bias if participants are not representative of the population or if there is loss to follow-up.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "disabled persons" are those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which may hinder their participation in society on an equal basis with others. The term "disability" is not meant to be understood as a 'personal tragedy' but rather as a complex interaction between the features of a person's body and mind, the activities they wish to perform and the physical and social barriers they encounter in their environment.

It's important to note that the term 'disabled persons' has been largely replaced by 'people with disabilities' or 'persons with disabilities' in many contexts, as it is considered more respectful and empowering to put the person first, rather than focusing on their disability. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) uses the term "persons with disabilities" throughout its text.

I couldn't find a specific medical definition for "Personnel Staffing and Scheduling," but I can provide you with a general definition that is widely used in the healthcare industry.

"Personnel Staffing and Scheduling" refers to the process of managing and allocating healthcare personnel resources to ensure appropriate staffing levels and schedules to meet the demand for patient care services. It involves determining the right number and mix of qualified healthcare professionals, such as physicians, nurses, therapists, and other support staff, required to provide safe and high-quality patient care.

Effective personnel staffing and scheduling aim to match the supply of healthcare personnel with the demand for patient care services while considering factors such as patient acuity, skill mix, workload, and productivity. It also involves addressing issues related to employee satisfaction, work-life balance, fatigue management, and regulatory compliance.

Proper personnel staffing and scheduling are critical in ensuring that healthcare organizations can deliver safe, high-quality care to their patients while maintaining the well-being and job satisfaction of their employees.

Organizational models in the context of medicine refer to frameworks that are used to describe, analyze, and improve the structure, processes, and outcomes of healthcare organizations. These models provide a systematic way of understanding how different components of an organization interact with each other and how they contribute to the overall performance of the system.

Examples of organizational models in healthcare include:

1. The Donabedian model: This model focuses on the structure, process, and outcome of healthcare as interrelated components that influence the quality of care.
2. The Baldrige Performance Excellence Program: This model provides a framework for organizations to evaluate their performance and identify areas for improvement in seven categories: leadership, strategic planning, customer focus, measurement, analysis, and knowledge management; workforce focus; process management; and results.
3. The Institute of Medicine's (IOM) six aims for improvement: The IOM has identified six aims that should be the focus of healthcare quality improvement efforts: safety, timeliness, patient-centeredness, effectiveness, efficiency, and equity.
4. The Lean management system: This model is a process improvement approach that focuses on eliminating waste and maximizing value for customers through continuous improvement and respect for people.
5. The Six Sigma methodology: This model is a data-driven approach to quality improvement that seeks to reduce variation and defects in processes through the use of statistical tools and techniques.

These are just a few examples of organizational models used in healthcare. Each model has its own strengths and limitations, and organizations may choose to adopt one or more models depending on their specific needs and goals.

A feasibility study is a preliminary investigation or analysis conducted to determine the viability of a proposed project, program, or product. In the medical field, feasibility studies are often conducted before implementing new treatments, procedures, equipment, or facilities. These studies help to assess the practicality and effectiveness of the proposed intervention, as well as its potential benefits and risks.

Feasibility studies in healthcare typically involve several steps:

1. Problem identification: Clearly define the problem that the proposed project, program, or product aims to address.
2. Objectives setting: Establish specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives for the study.
3. Literature review: Conduct a thorough review of existing research and best practices related to the proposed intervention.
4. Methodology development: Design a methodology for data collection and analysis that will help answer the research questions and achieve the study's objectives.
5. Resource assessment: Evaluate the availability and adequacy of resources, including personnel, time, and finances, required to carry out the proposed intervention.
6. Risk assessment: Identify potential risks and challenges associated with the implementation of the proposed intervention and develop strategies to mitigate them.
7. Cost-benefit analysis: Estimate the costs and benefits of the proposed intervention, including direct and indirect costs, as well as short-term and long-term benefits.
8. Stakeholder engagement: Engage relevant stakeholders, such as patients, healthcare providers, administrators, and policymakers, to gather their input and support for the proposed intervention.
9. Decision-making: Based on the findings of the feasibility study, make an informed decision about whether or not to proceed with the proposed project, program, or product.

Feasibility studies are essential in healthcare as they help ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and effectively, and that interventions are evidence-based, safe, and beneficial for patients.

Firearms are not a medical condition or disease, so they do not have a medical definition. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

A firearm is a portable gun, being a weapon consisting of a tube or barrel from which shots, shells, or bullets are discharged by the action of gunpowder or other explosive. Firearms may be manual, semi-automatic, or automatic in their operation and can vary in size, shape, and capacity. They are used for various purposes, including hunting, sport shooting, self-defense, and law enforcement. It is important to note that the possession, use, and regulation of firearms are subject to laws and regulations that vary by country and jurisdiction.

Comprehensive health care is a type of medical care that aims to meet the majority of an individual's physical, emotional, and social needs, through a coordinated and integrated system of preventative, acute, and long-term care services. It is designed to provide a continuum of care that is accessible, efficient, and effective in addressing the whole person's health status, including all aspects of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and management of both physical and mental health conditions.

Comprehensive health care may include a wide range of services such as preventative screenings, routine check-ups, immunizations, acute care for illnesses or injuries, chronic disease management, mental health counseling, rehabilitation, and end-of-life care. It is typically delivered through a network of healthcare providers, including primary care physicians, specialists, hospitals, clinics, and community-based organizations, who work together to provide coordinated and patient-centered care.

The goal of comprehensive health care is to improve health outcomes, enhance quality of life, and reduce health disparities by addressing the social determinants of health, such as poverty, education, housing, and nutrition, that can impact an individual's overall health status. It recognizes that healthcare is just one component of a larger system of factors that influence a person's health and well-being, and seeks to create a more holistic approach to medical care that addresses the full range of factors that contribute to good health.

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is a systematic process used to compare the costs and benefits of different options to determine which one provides the greatest net benefit. In a medical context, CBA can be used to evaluate the value of medical interventions, treatments, or policies by estimating and monetizing all the relevant costs and benefits associated with each option.

The costs included in a CBA may include direct costs such as the cost of the intervention or treatment itself, as well as indirect costs such as lost productivity or time away from work. Benefits may include improved health outcomes, reduced morbidity or mortality, and increased quality of life.

Once all the relevant costs and benefits have been identified and quantified, they are typically expressed in monetary terms to allow for a direct comparison. The option with the highest net benefit (i.e., the difference between total benefits and total costs) is considered the most cost-effective.

It's important to note that CBA has some limitations and can be subject to various biases and assumptions, so it should be used in conjunction with other evaluation methods to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the value of medical interventions or policies.

"Independent Living," in the context of healthcare and social services, refers to a living arrangement where individuals with disabilities or chronic conditions are able to live on their own, without the need for constant supervision or assistance from healthcare professionals. This type of living situation promotes self-determination, autonomy, and dignity for the individual.

Independent living does not mean that an individual is completely self-sufficient and does not require any help at all. Rather, it means that they have access to the necessary support services and adaptive equipment that enable them to carry out their daily activities and make choices about their own lives. These supports can include personal care assistance, home health care, meal preparation, transportation, and other services that are tailored to meet the individual's unique needs.

Independent living is often facilitated through community-based services and support programs, such as independent living centers, which provide advocacy, information, and referral services to help individuals with disabilities live independently in their own homes and communities. The goal of independent living is to enable people with disabilities to participate fully in all aspects of society, including employment, education, and community life.

Health status is a term used to describe the overall condition of an individual's health, including physical, mental, and social well-being. It is often assessed through various measures such as medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and self-reported health assessments. Health status can be used to identify health disparities, track changes in population health over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

Qualitative research is a methodological approach in social sciences and healthcare research that focuses on understanding the meanings, experiences, and perspectives of individuals or groups within a specific context. It aims to gather detailed, rich data through various techniques such as interviews, focus groups, observations, and content analysis. The findings from qualitative research are typically descriptive and exploratory, providing insights into processes, perceptions, and experiences that may not be captured through quantitative methods.

In medical research, qualitative research can be used to explore patients' experiences of illness, healthcare providers' perspectives on patient care, or the cultural and social factors that influence health behaviors. It is often used in combination with quantitative methods to provide a more comprehensive understanding of complex health issues.

Exercise therapy is a type of medical treatment that uses physical movement and exercise to improve a patient's physical functioning, mobility, and overall health. It is often used as a component of rehabilitation programs for individuals who have experienced injuries, illnesses, or surgeries that have impaired their ability to move and function normally.

Exercise therapy may involve a range of activities, including stretching, strengthening, balance training, aerobic exercise, and functional training. The specific exercises used will depend on the individual's needs, goals, and medical condition.

The benefits of exercise therapy include:

* Improved strength and flexibility
* Increased endurance and stamina
* Enhanced balance and coordination
* Reduced pain and inflammation
* Improved cardiovascular health
* Increased range of motion and joint mobility
* Better overall physical functioning and quality of life.

Exercise therapy is typically prescribed and supervised by a healthcare professional, such as a physical therapist or exercise physiologist, who has experience working with individuals with similar medical conditions. The healthcare professional will create an individualized exercise program based on the patient's needs and goals, and will provide guidance and support to ensure that the exercises are performed safely and effectively.

Program Evaluation is a systematic and objective assessment of a healthcare program's design, implementation, and outcomes. It is a medical term used to describe the process of determining the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of a program in achieving its goals and objectives. Program evaluation involves collecting and analyzing data related to various aspects of the program, such as its reach, impact, cost-effectiveness, and quality. The results of program evaluation can be used to improve the design and implementation of existing programs or to inform the development of new ones. It is a critical tool for ensuring that healthcare programs are meeting the needs of their intended audiences and delivering high-quality care in an efficient and effective manner.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

A needs assessment in a medical context is the process of identifying and evaluating the health needs of an individual, population, or community. It is used to determine the resources, services, and interventions required to address specific health issues and improve overall health outcomes. This process often involves collecting and analyzing data on various factors such as demographics, prevalence of diseases, access to healthcare, and social determinants of health. The goal of a needs assessment is to ensure that resources are allocated effectively and efficiently to meet the most pressing health needs and priorities.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Interior Design and Furnishings" is not a term that has a medical definition. Interior design refers to the planning, designing, and coordinating of spaces in residential, commercial, or industrial buildings to create functional and aesthetically pleasing environments. This can include selecting colors, furniture, lighting, flooring, and other decorative materials. Furnishings generally refer to the items such as furniture, curtains, rugs, and other decorative elements that are used to make a space comfortable and attractive.

If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

Social support in a medical context refers to the resources and assistance provided by an individual's social network, including family, friends, peers, and community groups. These resources can include emotional, informational, and instrumental support, which help individuals cope with stress, manage health conditions, and maintain their overall well-being.

Emotional support involves providing empathy, care, and encouragement to help an individual feel valued, understood, and cared for. Informational support refers to the provision of advice, guidance, and knowledge that can help an individual make informed decisions about their health or other aspects of their life. Instrumental support includes practical assistance such as help with daily tasks, financial aid, or access to resources.

Social support has been shown to have a positive impact on physical and mental health outcomes, including reduced stress levels, improved immune function, better coping skills, and increased resilience. It can also play a critical role in promoting healthy behaviors, such as adherence to medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

Patient readmission refers to the event when a patient who was previously discharged from a hospital or healthcare facility returns for further treatment, often within a specified period. It is measured as a percentage of patients who are readmitted within a certain time frame, such as 30, 60, or 90 days after discharge. Readmissions may be planned or unplanned and can occur due to various reasons, including complications from the initial illness or treatment, inadequate post-discharge follow-up care, or the patient's inability to manage their health conditions effectively at home. High readmission rates are often considered an indicator of the quality of care provided during the initial hospitalization and may also signify potential issues with care coordination and transitions between healthcare settings.

Intermediate care facilities (ICFs) are healthcare facilities that provide medical, nursing, and rehabilitative services to individuals who require a level of care between acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. These facilities are designed for patients who do not need the intensive level of care provided in a hospital but still require more medical attention than what can be provided in a home or assisted living setting.

ICFs provide 24-hour supervision, assistance with activities of daily living (such as bathing, dressing, and using the bathroom), and skilled nursing services for patients who may have complex medical needs, such as those recovering from surgery, stroke, or other serious illnesses. They also offer physical, occupational, and speech therapy to help patients regain their strength and independence.

There are different types of ICFs, including:

* Intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICFs/IID): These facilities provide long-term care and treatment for individuals with intellectual disabilities who require ongoing medical and nursing services.
* Intermediate care facilities for the elderly (ICFs/E): These facilities provide medical, nursing, and rehabilitative services to older adults who require a level of care between that provided in a hospital and a skilled nursing facility.

Overall, intermediate care facilities play an important role in providing healthcare services to individuals with complex medical needs who do not require hospitalization but still need more intensive care than what can be provided in other settings.

Health care costs refer to the expenses incurred for medical services, treatments, procedures, and products that are used to maintain or restore an individual's health. These costs can be categorized into several types:

1. Direct costs: These include payments made for doctor visits, hospital stays, medications, diagnostic tests, surgeries, and other medical treatments and services. Direct costs can be further divided into two subcategories:
* Out-of-pocket costs: Expenses paid directly by patients, such as co-payments, deductibles, coinsurance, and any uncovered medical services or products.
* Third-party payer costs: Expenses covered by insurance companies, government programs (like Medicare, Medicaid), or other entities that pay for health care services on behalf of patients.
2. Indirect costs: These are the expenses incurred as a result of illness or injury that indirectly impact an individual's ability to work and earn a living. Examples include lost productivity, absenteeism, reduced earning capacity, and disability benefits.
3. Non-medical costs: These are expenses related to caregiving, transportation, home modifications, assistive devices, and other non-medical services required for managing health conditions or disabilities.

Health care costs can vary significantly depending on factors such as the type of medical service, geographic location, insurance coverage, and individual health status. Understanding these costs is essential for patients, healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers to make informed decisions about treatment options, resource allocation, and health system design.

Psychomotor agitation is a state of increased physical activity and purposeless or semi-purposeful voluntary movements, usually associated with restlessness, irritability, and cognitive impairment. It can be a manifestation of various medical and neurological conditions such as delirium, dementia, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and substance withdrawal. Psychomotor agitation may also increase the risk of aggressive behavior and physical harm to oneself or others. Appropriate evaluation and management are necessary to address the underlying cause and alleviate symptoms.

Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. It is characterized by the loss of brainstem reflexes, unresponsiveness, and apnea (no breathing). In medical terms, death can be defined as:

1. Cardiopulmonary Death: The irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions.
2. Brain Death: The irreversible loss of all brain function, including the brainstem. This is often used as a definition of death when performing organ donation.

It's important to note that the exact definition of death can vary somewhat based on cultural, religious, and legal perspectives.

Multivariate analysis is a statistical method used to examine the relationship between multiple independent variables and a dependent variable. It allows for the simultaneous examination of the effects of two or more independent variables on an outcome, while controlling for the effects of other variables in the model. This technique can be used to identify patterns, associations, and interactions among multiple variables, and is commonly used in medical research to understand complex health outcomes and disease processes. Examples of multivariate analysis methods include multiple regression, factor analysis, cluster analysis, and discriminant analysis.

Regression analysis is a statistical technique used in medicine, as well as in other fields, to examine the relationship between one or more independent variables (predictors) and a dependent variable (outcome). It allows for the estimation of the average change in the outcome variable associated with a one-unit change in an independent variable, while controlling for the effects of other independent variables. This technique is often used to identify risk factors for diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medical interventions. In medical research, regression analysis can be used to adjust for potential confounding variables and to quantify the relationship between exposures and health outcomes. It can also be used in predictive modeling to estimate the probability of a particular outcome based on multiple predictors.

Bed occupancy, in the context of healthcare management, refers to the ratio of the number of beds occupied by patients to the total number of available beds in a hospital or healthcare facility. It is a measure used to assess the utilization of hospital resources and can help inform decisions related to capacity planning, staffing, and budgeting.

Bed occupancy rate is calculated as follows:

Bed Occupancy Rate = (Number of occupied beds / Total number of available beds) x 100%

For example, if a hospital has 200 beds and 180 of them are currently occupied by patients, the bed occupancy rate would be 90%.

It is important to note that while a high bed occupancy rate may indicate efficient use of resources, it can also lead to overcrowding, longer wait times for admission, and increased risk of healthcare-associated infections. Therefore, maintaining an optimal balance between resource utilization and patient safety is crucial in managing bed occupancy.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New York" is not a medical term or concept. New York refers to a state in the United States, as well as its largest city. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

Child health services refer to a range of medical and supportive services designed to promote the physical, mental, and social well-being of children from birth up to adolescence. These services aim to prevent or identify health problems early, provide treatment and management for existing conditions, and support healthy growth and development.

Examples of child health services include:

1. Well-child visits: Regular checkups with a pediatrician or other healthcare provider to monitor growth, development, and overall health.
2. Immunizations: Vaccinations to protect against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.
3. Screening tests: Blood tests, hearing and vision screenings, and other diagnostic tests to identify potential health issues early.
4. Developmental assessments: Evaluations of a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical development to ensure they are meeting age-appropriate milestones.
5. Dental care: Preventive dental services such as cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealants, as well as restorative care for cavities or other dental problems.
6. Mental health services: Counseling, therapy, and medication management for children experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges.
7. Nutrition counseling: Education and support to help families make healthy food choices and promote good nutrition.
8. Chronic disease management: Coordinated care for children with ongoing medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy.
9. Injury prevention: Programs that teach parents and children about safety measures to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.
10. Public health initiatives: Community-based programs that promote healthy lifestyles, provide access to healthcare services, and address social determinants of health such as poverty, housing, and education.

Cost savings in a medical context generally refers to the reduction in expenses or resources expended in the delivery of healthcare services, treatments, or procedures. This can be achieved through various means such as implementing more efficient processes, utilizing less expensive treatment options when appropriate, preventing complications or readmissions, and negotiating better prices for drugs or supplies.

Cost savings can also result from comparative effectiveness research, which compares the relative benefits and harms of different medical interventions to help doctors and patients make informed decisions about which treatment is most appropriate and cost-effective for a given condition.

Ultimately, cost savings in healthcare aim to improve the overall value of care delivered by reducing unnecessary expenses while maintaining or improving quality outcomes for patients.

Telemetry is the automated measurement and wireless transmission of data from remote or inaccessible sources to receiving stations for monitoring and analysis. In a medical context, telemetry is often used to monitor patients' vital signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and other important physiological parameters continuously and remotely. This technology allows healthcare providers to track patients' conditions over time, detect any abnormalities or trends, and make informed decisions about their care, even when they are not physically present with the patient. Telemetry is commonly used in hospitals, clinics, and research settings to monitor patients during procedures, after surgery, or during extended stays in intensive care units.

"Delivery, Obstetric" is a medical term that refers to the process of giving birth to a baby. It involves the passage of the fetus through the mother's vagina or via Caesarean section (C-section), which is a surgical procedure.

The obstetric delivery process typically includes three stages:

1. The first stage begins with the onset of labor and ends when the cervix is fully dilated.
2. The second stage starts with full dilation of the cervix and ends with the birth of the baby.
3. The third stage involves the delivery of the placenta, which is the organ that provides oxygen and nutrients to the developing fetus during pregnancy.

Obstetric delivery requires careful monitoring and management by healthcare professionals to ensure the safety and well-being of both the mother and the baby. Various interventions and techniques may be used during the delivery process to facilitate a safe and successful outcome, including the use of medications, assisted delivery with forceps or vacuum extraction, and C-section.

Patient acceptance of health care refers to the willingness and ability of a patient to follow and engage in a recommended treatment plan or healthcare regimen. This involves understanding the proposed medical interventions, considering their potential benefits and risks, and making an informed decision to proceed with the recommended course of action.

The factors that influence patient acceptance can include:

1. Patient's understanding of their condition and treatment options
2. Trust in their healthcare provider
3. Personal beliefs and values related to health and illness
4. Cultural, linguistic, or socioeconomic barriers
5. Emotional responses to the diagnosis or proposed treatment
6. Practical considerations, such as cost, time commitment, or potential side effects

Healthcare providers play a crucial role in facilitating patient acceptance by clearly communicating information, addressing concerns and questions, and providing support throughout the decision-making process. Encouraging shared decision-making and tailoring care plans to individual patient needs and preferences can also enhance patient acceptance of health care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Household Products" is not a term with a specific medical definition. Household products generally refer to items that are used in the home for cleaning, maintenance, and personal care. They can include things like cleaning supplies, laundry detergent, dish soap, personal care products (such as shampoo, toothpaste, and lotion), and other similar items. However, there is no medical context in which "household products" has a specific or technical meaning. If you have any concerns about the safety or health effects of a particular household product, I would recommend consulting with a healthcare professional or reaching out to the manufacturer for more information.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Northern Ireland" is a geographical location and political entity, and not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, located in the north-east of the island of Ireland. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare profession that aims to improve the daily living and functional abilities of individuals who have physical, sensory, or cognitive disabilities. OT focuses on helping people participate in the activities of everyday life, such as self-care tasks (e.g., dressing, grooming), productive tasks (e.g., work, school), and leisure activities (e.g., hobbies, sports).

Occupational therapists use a variety of interventions to achieve these goals, including:

1. Customized treatment plans that focus on the individual's specific needs and goals.
2. Adaptive equipment and assistive technology to help individuals perform activities more independently.
3. Education and training for individuals, families, and caregivers on how to use adaptive equipment and techniques.
4. Environmental modifications to make daily activities safer and more accessible.
5. Skill development and practice in areas such as fine motor coordination, cognitive skills, and sensory processing.

Occupational therapy can be provided in a variety of settings, including hospitals, rehabilitation centers, outpatient clinics, schools, and private homes. OT is often recommended for individuals who have experienced a stroke, brain injury, spinal cord injury, or other conditions that affect their ability to perform daily activities.

Community health workers (CHWs) are individuals who are trained to work within and promote the health of their own communities. They serve as a bridge between healthcare professionals and the communities they serve, often working in underserved or hard-to-reach areas. CHWs may provide a range of services, including health education, outreach, advocacy, and case management.

CHWs come from diverse backgrounds and may have different levels of training and education. They are typically trusted members of their communities and share similar language, culture, and life experiences with the people they serve. This helps to build rapport and trust with community members, making it easier for CHWs to provide culturally sensitive care and support.

The role of CHWs can vary depending on the needs of the community and the healthcare system in which they work. In some settings, CHWs may focus on specific health issues, such as maternal and child health, infectious diseases, or chronic conditions like diabetes. In other cases, they may provide more general support to help individuals navigate the healthcare system and access needed services.

Overall, community health workers play an important role in promoting health equity and improving health outcomes for vulnerable populations. By working closely with communities and connecting them to appropriate care and resources, CHWs can help to reduce disparities and improve the overall health of their communities.

Child care, also known as daycare, refers to the supervision and care of children usually outside of their home, provided by a professional or licensed facility. This can include early education, meals, and activities for children while their parents are at work or otherwise unable to care for them. Child care may be provided in a variety of settings such as child care centers, family child care homes, and in-home care. It is an essential service for many families with young children, allowing parents to maintain employment and providing children with socialization and learning opportunities.

Primary health care is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as:

"Essential health care that is based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part both of the country's health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process."

Primary health care includes a range of services such as preventive care, health promotion, curative care, rehabilitation, and palliative care. It is typically provided by a team of health professionals including doctors, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, and other community health workers. The goal of primary health care is to provide comprehensive, continuous, and coordinated care to individuals and families in a way that is accessible, affordable, and culturally sensitive.

Blood pressure determination is the medical procedure to measure and assess the force or pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries during a heartbeat cycle. It is typically measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is expressed as two numbers: systolic pressure (the higher number, representing the pressure when the heart beats and pushes blood out into the arteries) and diastolic pressure (the lower number, representing the pressure when the heart rests between beats). A normal blood pressure reading is typically around 120/80 mmHg. High blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as a consistently elevated blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg or higher, while low blood pressure (hypotension) is defined as a consistently low blood pressure below 90/60 mmHg. Blood pressure determination is an important vital sign and helps to evaluate overall cardiovascular health and identify potential health risks.

Consumer satisfaction in a medical context refers to the degree to which a patient or their family is content with the healthcare services, products, or experiences they have received. It is a measure of how well the healthcare delivery aligns with the patient's expectations, needs, and preferences. Factors that contribute to consumer satisfaction may include the quality of care, communication and interpersonal skills of healthcare providers, accessibility and convenience, affordability, and outcomes. High consumer satisfaction is associated with better adherence to treatment plans, improved health outcomes, and higher patient loyalty.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Netherlands" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Western Europe, known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system, and legalized marijuana and prostitution. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "poverty" is not a medical condition or term. It is a social condition defined by the World Bank as "pronounced deprivation in well-being," and measured through indicators such as income, consumption, and access to basic services. Poverty can have significant impacts on health outcomes and healthcare access, but it is not considered a medical diagnosis. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try my best to help answer them!

Oxygen inhalation therapy is a medical treatment that involves the administration of oxygen to a patient through a nasal tube or mask, with the purpose of increasing oxygen concentration in the body. This therapy is used to treat various medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, heart failure, and other conditions that cause low levels of oxygen in the blood. The additional oxygen helps to improve tissue oxygenation, reduce work of breathing, and promote overall patient comfort and well-being. Oxygen therapy may be delivered continuously or intermittently, depending on the patient's needs and medical condition.

Family practice, also known as family medicine, is a medical specialty that provides comprehensive and continuous care to patients of all ages, genders, and stages of life. Family physicians are trained to provide a wide range of services, including preventive care, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, management of complex medical conditions, and providing health education and counseling.

Family practice emphasizes the importance of building long-term relationships with patients and their families, and takes into account the physical, emotional, social, and psychological factors that influence a person's health. Family physicians often serve as the primary point of contact for patients within the healthcare system, coordinating care with other specialists and healthcare providers as needed.

Family practice is a broad and diverse field, encompassing various areas such as pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, geriatrics, and behavioral health. The goal of family practice is to provide high-quality, patient-centered care that meets the unique needs and preferences of each individual patient and their family.

Nursing Evaluation Research (NER) is a type of research that focuses on evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of nursing interventions, treatments, or care delivery models. The main goal of NER is to determine whether these interventions or models produce desired outcomes, improve patient care, and contribute to better health outcomes.

NER typically involves collecting and analyzing data related to nursing practices, such as patient satisfaction, clinical outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and safety. This type of research can help nurses identify best practices, develop evidence-based guidelines, and make informed decisions about patient care. NER may also be used to evaluate the impact of changes in policy or practice on patient outcomes and healthcare delivery.

NER is an important area of study for nursing professionals, as it helps to advance the field of nursing and improve patient care. By conducting rigorous evaluations of nursing interventions and practices, nurses can contribute to the development of evidence-based care that leads to better health outcomes for patients.

"Sex factors" is a term used in medicine and epidemiology to refer to the differences in disease incidence, prevalence, or response to treatment that are observed between males and females. These differences can be attributed to biological differences such as genetics, hormones, and anatomy, as well as social and cultural factors related to gender.

For example, some conditions such as autoimmune diseases, depression, and osteoporosis are more common in women, while others such as cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer are more prevalent in men. Additionally, sex differences have been observed in the effectiveness and side effects of various medications and treatments.

It is important to consider sex factors in medical research and clinical practice to ensure that patients receive appropriate and effective care.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. The airway obstruction in asthma is usually reversible, either spontaneously or with treatment.

The underlying cause of asthma involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors that result in hypersensitivity of the airways to certain triggers, such as allergens, irritants, viruses, exercise, and emotional stress. When these triggers are encountered, the airways constrict due to smooth muscle spasm, swell due to inflammation, and produce excess mucus, leading to the characteristic symptoms of asthma.

Asthma is typically managed with a combination of medications that include bronchodilators to relax the airway muscles, corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and leukotriene modifiers or mast cell stabilizers to prevent allergic reactions. Avoiding triggers and monitoring symptoms are also important components of asthma management.

There are several types of asthma, including allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, exercise-induced asthma, occupational asthma, and nocturnal asthma, each with its own set of triggers and treatment approaches. Proper diagnosis and management of asthma can help prevent exacerbations, improve quality of life, and reduce the risk of long-term complications.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Parent-Child Relations" is not a medical term per se. It falls more under the purview of psychology, social work, and sociology. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

Parent-Child Relations refers to the nature and quality of the emotional, behavioral, and social relationships between parents (or primary caregivers) and their children. This relationship significantly influences a child's development, including their cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral growth. Positive parent-child relations typically involve warmth, support, communication, consistency, and appropriate expectations, which contribute to healthy child development outcomes. On the other hand, negative or dysfunctional parent-child relations can lead to various developmental and psychological issues for the child.

Risk assessment in the medical context refers to the process of identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing risks to patients, healthcare workers, or the community related to healthcare delivery. It involves determining the likelihood and potential impact of adverse events or hazards, such as infectious diseases, medication errors, or medical devices failures, and implementing measures to mitigate or manage those risks. The goal of risk assessment is to promote safe and high-quality care by identifying areas for improvement and taking action to minimize harm.

Ambulatory care is a type of health care service in which patients are treated on an outpatient basis, meaning they do not stay overnight at the medical facility. This can include a wide range of services such as diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care for various medical conditions. The goal of ambulatory care is to provide high-quality medical care that is convenient, accessible, and cost-effective for patients.

Examples of ambulatory care settings include physician offices, community health centers, urgent care centers, outpatient surgery centers, and diagnostic imaging facilities. Patients who receive ambulatory care may have a variety of medical needs, such as routine checkups, chronic disease management, minor procedures, or same-day surgeries.

Overall, ambulatory care is an essential component of modern healthcare systems, providing patients with timely and convenient access to medical services without the need for hospitalization.

Healthcare Quality Indicators (QIs) are measurable elements that can be used to assess the quality of healthcare services and outcomes. They are often based on evidence-based practices and guidelines, and are designed to help healthcare providers monitor and improve the quality of care they deliver to their patients. QIs may focus on various aspects of healthcare, such as patient safety, clinical effectiveness, patient-centeredness, timeliness, and efficiency. Examples of QIs include measures such as rates of hospital-acquired infections, adherence to recommended treatments for specific conditions, and patient satisfaction scores. By tracking these indicators over time, healthcare organizations can identify areas where they need to improve, make changes to their processes and practices, and ultimately provide better care to their patients.

A Nurse-Midwife, according to the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM), is a certified nurse-midwife (CNM) who has successfully completed a graduate-level education program accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Midwifery Education (ACME) and passed a national certification examination to receive the professional designation of CNM. Nurse-midwives are licensed, independent healthcare providers who practice in a variety of settings including hospitals, medical offices, clinics, community health systems, and birth centers.

Nurse-midwives offer primary care, gynecological care, family planning services, preconception care, pregnancy care, childbirth care, and postpartum care to women throughout the lifespan. They focus on promoting normal physiologic processes, providing education, counseling, and patient advocacy, and collaborating with other healthcare professionals when necessary. Nurse-midwives are recognized for their expertise in providing safe, evidence-based, woman-centered care.

Durable Medical Equipment (DME) is defined in the medical field as medical equipment that is:

1. Durable: able to withstand repeated use.
2. Primarily and customarily used for a medical purpose: intended to be used for a medical reason and not for comfort or convenience.
3. Generally not useful to a person in the absence of an illness or injury: not typically used by people who are healthy.
4. Prescribed by a physician: recommended by a doctor to treat a specific medical condition or illness.

Examples of DME include wheelchairs, hospital beds, walkers, and oxygen concentrators. These items are designed to assist individuals with injuries or chronic conditions in performing activities of daily living and improving their quality of life. DME is typically covered by health insurance plans, including Medicare and Medicaid, with a doctor's prescription.

Nonprofit organizations in the medical context are private entities that operate on a nonprofit basis and are typically dedicated to furthering a particular social, healthcare-related, or advocacy mission. They are usually tax-exempt and rely on donations, grants, and sometimes membership fees to support their work. Examples of nonprofit organizations in the medical field include hospitals, clinics, research institutions, patient advocacy groups, and health-related foundations. Their primary goal is to provide services or conduct activities that benefit the community or a specific group, rather than generating profits for shareholders or owners.

"Attitude to Death" is not a medical term per se, but it does refer to an individual's perspective, feelings, and beliefs about death and dying. It can encompass various aspects such as fear, acceptance, curiosity, denial, or preparation. While not a medical definition, understanding a person's attitude to death can be relevant in healthcare settings, particularly in palliative and end-of-life care, as it can influence their decisions and experiences around their own mortality.

Today, nursing homes are varied. Some nursing homes still resemble a hospital while others look more like a home. Nursing home ... In 2002, nursing homes became known as care homes with nursing, and residential homes became known as care homes. As of April ... Depending on the size of the nursing home, a nursing home may have either a nursing home administrator or an executive director ... Nursing homes are used by people who do not need to be in a hospital, but cannot be cared for at home. The nursing home ...
"Nursing Home by Let's Wrestle". Metacritic. Retrieved 6 March 2018. Sendra, Tim. "Nursing Home". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 July ... According to Daniel Tebo, Nursing Home is "a few shades darker than expected." David Sheppard also praised Nursing Home as an ... Tebo, Daniel (15 May 2011). "Let's Wrestle: Nursing Home". PopMatters. Retrieved 18 July 2014. Sheppard, David. "Nursing Home ... "Nursing Home Review". NME. Retrieved 18 July 2014. Martin, Garrett (22 June 2011). "Nursing Home". Boston Phoenix. Retrieved 18 ...
... community nursing History of nursing Home care Hospice House call Nurse-client relationship Nurse educator Nursing Nursing home ... The professional nursing organization for home health nurses is the Home Healthcare Nurses Association (HHNA). Home health care ... Home health nurses can have a nursing diploma, be a licensed practical nurse, have an associate of science in nursing, a ... Home health is a nursing specialty in which nurses provide multidimensional home care to patients of all ages. Home health care ...
The former Marcotte Nursing Home building is located on the north side of Campus Avenue, just east of the Bates College campus ... Marcotte Nursing Home is an historic elder care facility at 102 Campus Avenue in Lewiston, Maine. Built in 1927 and opened the ... The Marcotte Nursing Home was founded through the efforts of Francois Marcotte, a prominent local French-American businessman, ... "NRHP nomination for Marcotte Nursing Home". National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-11-24. (Articles using NRISref without a ...
Wikinews has related news: Eight people dead after shooting in North Carolina nursing home The Carthage nursing home shooting ... Stewart was said to have intended to kill his estranged wife, a nurse at the nursing home, who had hidden and survived the ... Carolina Nursing Home", The New York Times (March 29, 2009) "Man kills eight at US care home", BBC (March 29, 2009) "Dispatches ... Robert Stewart, 45, dressed in a bib overall, arrived at the parking lot of the nursing home just before 10:00 a.m., where he ...
The Warrenton Nursing Home fire took place at the Katie Jane Memorial Home for the Aged in Warrenton, Missouri, on February 17 ... 1,17 "Inquiries Started in Fire Fatal to 71," New York Times, February 19, 1957, p. 20 "Finding in Nursing Home Fire," New York ... Nursing homes in the United States, Warren County, Missouri, Residential building fires, February 1957 events in the United ... Blair signed a bill in March 1957 that established minimum safety standards for nursing homes in the state. Dorhauer, Jeff ( ...
The Nursing Home Reform Act provides guidelines and minimal standards which nursing homes must meet. It also created a Nursing ... Feb 2004). "Nursing home staffing and quality under the nursing home reform act". Gerontologist. 44 (1): 13-23. PMID 14978317. ... The Nursing Home Reform Act is a part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 which gives guidelines to regulate ... nursing home care in the United States. The act was intended to advance nursing home residents' rights. A 1986 study organized ...
... is a heritage-listed nursing home at 68 Chermside Road, Newtown, City of Ipswich, Queensland, ... St Michaels Nursing Home is a two-storey brick dwelling with a pyramid corrugated iron roof and a stepped down, straight roof ... St Michael's Nursing Home is important for its association with the Hancock family of timber merchants, and the Tatham family ... St Michael's Nursing Home is also aesthetically significant as one of a number of significant dwellings sited on Chermside Road ...
The Duncan MacMillan Nursing Home (DMNH) was a 25-bed nursing home in Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia Canada. It was built in 1948 ... "Nursing-home staff accept offer". CBC News. January 5, 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-21. "Sheet Harbour Nursing Home to be Replaced ... It was converted into a Nursing Home in 1983 after a new wing was built and made into the Eastern Shore Memorial Hospital. In ... The Nova Scotia Department of Health announced plans in 2007 to build a replacement nursing home for Sheet Harbour in 2010. ...
"Outline of Nursing Home Residents' Rights". California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform. Retrieved 19 July 2010. "Nursing Home ... Nursing home residents' rights are the legal and moral rights of the residents of a nursing home. Legislation exists in various ... However, the act's protections may or may not apply to some nursing home residents whose nursing homes receive only state funds ... Improving the quality of care in nursing homes. Committee on Nursing Home regulation, Institute of Medicine (U.S.). 1986. ISBN ...
The Association Residence Nursing Home, also called the Association for the Relief of Respectable, Aged and Indigent Females, ... When Medicaid funds became available to nursing homes in the early 1970s, the Association planned to tear down and replace the ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Association Residence Nursing Home. The New-York Historical Society, Guide to the Papers ... Though he designed many types of buildings, he is best known for designing the homes of wealthy families such as the Astors and ...
... is a long-term nursing home and short-term medical rehabilitation facility located in Bensonhurst, ... "Nursing Home Official Faces Charges". The New York Times. "T La Rock and His Posse At a Jewish Nursing Home". The New York ... "Nursing home patient died of likely coronavirus after son told she was fine". The New York Post. April 16, 2020. 40°35′42″N 73° ... The facility, also known as Haym Salomon Home for Nursing and Rehabilitation, moved from an earlier location. In 1982 The New ...
Thoms - assistant surgeon Sister Marigold - the matron of the nursing home Nurse Banks - a nurse with anarchist leanings Dr. ... The Nursing Home Murder (1935) is a work of detective fiction by New Zealand author Ngaio Marsh. The British Home Secretary, ... The Nursing Home Murder at IMDb In Agatha Christie's Murder in Mesopotamia, one of the characters, Nurse Leatheran, talks about ... Thoms, the assistant surgeon; Sister Marigold, the matron; Nurse Banks, the circulating nurse; and Jane Harden, the scrub nurse ...
Requiring all nursing home management to have a background check on all nursing home employees. A disaster plan and regular ... no hearing date was set for the nursing home. List of historic fires List of disasters Golden Age Nursing Home fire Chicago ... The nursing home was equipped with a manual and automatic fire alarm system that is connected directly to the fire alarm office ... The original nursing home complex was a 1,906 sq ft (177 m²) brick building consisting of two floors. In 1959, a second ...
The Georgia B. Williams Nursing Home Restoration Project, video at YouTube Go Fund Me campaign for renovation funding v t e ( ... The Georgia B. Williams Nursing Home in Camilla, Georgia was the only facility where African-American women could deliver ... The Georgia B. Williams Nursing Home operated until Borders' death in 1971. In 2021, the National Trust for Historic ... "NP Gallery: Williams, Georgia, Nursing Home (scroll down to National Register of Historic Places digital record)". National ...
The Golden Age Nursing Home fire took place soon after 4:45 am on November 23, 1963, a mile north of Fitchville, Ohio, United ... Wincrest Nursing Home fire Filmmaker sifts through ashes of tragedy, The Columbus Dispatch, March 28, 2006 (accessed May 28, ... "Ohio Nursing Home Holocaust Kills 63". www.fireengineering.com. Retrieved 2019-06-11. Seewer, John (November 22, 2013). "JFK's ... Interior renovations were made initially in 1953 to convert it into a nursing home, with the lobby being constructed in 1955. ...
The L'Isle-Verte nursing home fire took place around 12:35 a.m. on January 23, 2014, at the Résidence du Havre nursing home in ... 30 missing after fire destroys nursing home in L'Isle-Verte in Canada". ABC News. "Quebec fire home search resumes in L'Isle ... Nursing homes in Canada, 21st-century fires in Canada). ... retirement home fire rises to 5". CTV News. 23 January 2014. " ... "L'Isle-Verte seniors' home fire started in resident's room: source". CBC News. 24 January 2014. "Registre des résidences pour ...
Jeyasekharan Hospital and Nursing Home, the JMT Pharmacy, the School of Nursing & Paramedical Education,Dr. Jeyasekharan ... The Jeyasekharan Nursing Home was opened in a public meeting on 15 November 1967 by Dr. A. Asirvatham. Dr. Asirvatham, ... He and his wife Rani started a nursing home with bare necessities. Shortly thereafter, the doctor decided to build a set of ... Nursing homes in India, Nagercoil, 1965 establishments in Madras State, Hospitals established in 1965). ...
On 7 July 2023, six people were killed and around 80 others were injured after a fire broke out in a nursing home in the ... nursing home in Milan, Northern Italy, where a fire was burning inside on the first floor of the building. However, after a ... "Italian retirement home fire in Milan leaves six dead and dozens hurt". BBC News. 7 July 2023. Retrieved 10 July 2023. ... Just shortly after 1 A.M.,firefighters responded to the privately run, local authority owned, Casa dei Coniugi (Home of the ...
Crawley, Mike (24 October 2017). "Nursing homes 'intending to leave' Toronto over rebuilding costs". CBC News. Retrieved 24 ... is commonly used in both English and French to refer to nursing homes in the predominantly francophone province of Quebec.[ ... Nursing homes in Canada, Housing in Canada, All stub articles, Canada stubs). ... a short documentary film about his aging mother's stay in a nursing home. "IndexSanté". Retrieved 8 March 2012. ...
"Fire in Russian care home kills 22 people". the Guardian. 2022-12-24. Retrieved 2022-12-27. "Death Toll From Nursing Home Fire ... On the evening of 23 December 2022, a private house operating as an unauthorized nursing home caught fire in Kemerovo, Russia, ... In 2021, the Ministry of Emergency Situations proposed introducing a special registry for nursing homes and hospices after a ... Kemerovo Oblast Governor Sergey Tsivilyov announced all nursing homes in the city, particularly unregistered ones, to be ...
The following is a list of companies operating nursing homes in the U.S.: Association of Jewish Aging Services Bailey-Boushay ... Accessed 2021-03-28 California Nursing Home Chains By Ownership Type: Facility and Resident Characteristics, Staffing, and ... Nursing homes in the United States, Lists of companies of the United States by industry). ... nursing homes, CCRC, independent living; sorted by number of facilities. Assisted Senior Living. ...
... New York Times, Agnes Escapes from the Nursing Home Sundance Film Festival Database, Agnes ... Agnes Escapes from the Nursing Home Agnes Escapes from the Nursing Home at IMDb Eileen O'Meara UNICEF Cartoons for Children's ... Escapes from the Nursing Home Agnes Escapes from the Nursing Home Information Page Great Women Animators: Eileen O'Meara Eileen ... "Threaded through this program are four short films, of which the most remarkable (is) Agnes Escapes From the Nursing Home, a ...
OAG suggests that many nursing home residents died from COVID-19 in hospitals after being transferred from their nursing homes ... People died in nursing homes. That's very unfortunate. Just on the top line, we are number 35th in the nation in percentage of ... He said that "New York was ground zero for COVID, and nursing homes were and still are ground zero for COVID." In regards to ... A nursing home scandal proves the honeymoon's over". NBC News. Archived from the original on February 21, 2021. Retrieved ...
In a nursing home, the personnel may include registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and nursing assistants. Custodians, ... Monthly Cost of Nursing Homes by State:[citation needed] In most jurisdictions, nursing homes are required to provide enough ... "History of Federal Nursing Home Regulation". Improving the Quality of Care in Nursing Homes, Appendix A: History of Federal ... To ensure that nursing homes meet the necessary legal standards, the authorities conduct inspections of all nursing home ...
In 2002, nursing homes in the United Kingdom were officially designated as care homes with nursing, and residential homes ... Liverpool care homes (Harv and Sfn no-target errors, Use dmy dates from April 2022, Caregiving, Nursing homes in the United ... The standards of nursing care, however, were low. In 1977, there were 1,249 Registered Private Hospitals and Nursing Homes in ... In the United Kingdom care homes and care homes with nursing are regulated by separate organisations in England, Scotland, ...
... is a registered historic building in Cincinnati, Ohio, listed in the National Register on June 10 ...
The Helen Newberry Nurses Home was built to house these nursing students. Funds to construct the building were donated by Helen ... The Helen Newberry Nurses Home housed nursing students from the time of its construction until Grace Hospital Training School ... The Helen Newberry Nurses Home is a multi-unit residential building located at 100 East Willis Avenue (at the corner of Willis ... The Helen Newberry Nurses Home is a large three-story, L-shaped, red-and-brown brick Jacobean Revival residential building. The ...
Nurses' Homes Blocks 1 and 2 echo some of the motifs of Lady Lamington Nurses Home. "Nurses' Homes, Royal Brisbane Hospital ( ... Homes comprises three buildings: the Lady Lamington Nurses Home erected in three stages between 1896 and 1931 and Nurses Homes ... In 2012, the Lady Lamington Nurses Home was reported by The Courier-Mail to be in a state of neglect. The Nurses' Homes consist ... It includes the Lady Lamington Nurses' Home and Nurses' Homes Blocks 1 & 2. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on ...
The John A. Finch Memorial Nurses Home in West Central, Spokane, Washington, also known as Finch Hall, was listed on the ... Finch Memorial Nurses Home / Finch Hall". accompanying photos v t e (Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Use mdy ...
A nursing home is a place for people who dont need to be in a hospital but cant be cared for at home. Learn about choosing a ... A nursing home is a place for people who dont need to be in a hospital but cant be cared for at home. Most nursing homes have ... Finding Quality Nursing Home Care (AGS Health in Aging Foundation) - PDF * How to Choose a Nursing Home (National Institute on ... There might be a nurses station on each floor. Other nursing homes try to be more like home. They try to have a neighborhood ...
CMS only requires collection of data from nursing homes (i.e., skilled nursing facility and/or nursing facility) and not from ... Additional NHSN facility-level data for nursing homes are available on CMS website here: COVID-19 Nursing Home Data ... COVID-19 reporting requirements for nursing homes became effective on May 8, 2020 (see: Federal Register [PDF - 1 MB]). CMS ... There may also be a lag in time from when nursing homes report data to NHSN and subsequent posting of the data on this webpage ...
... nursing homes - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... Categories Aging, elderly, National Nursing Home Survey, nursing homes. Tags End of life, nursing home, nursing home resident, ... care in nursing homes. One in four residents began EOL care before being admitted to a nursing home. Nursing home residents ... New stats on end-of-life care in nursing homes. Data from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey (most recent available) sheds ...
... discusses when to intervene and when to stay out of it regarding sexual relationships in a nursing home. ... Her complaint was that her mom, who was in a nursing home and had mild dementia, had taken up with one of the male patients and ... In fact, I think that one of the interesting things about nursing home life in general is that we dont really set things up to ... She thought that was inappropriate and something the nursing home should be stopping immediately, and wanted to know if I would ...
... cases are on the rise, and on this segment, sponsored by The Higgins Firm, we talk to attorney Jim Higgins ... Nursing home neglect cases are on the rise, and on this segment, sponsored by The Higgins Firm, we talk to attorney Jim Higgins ... WTVF) - Nursing home neglect cases are on the rise, and on this segment, sponsored by The Higgins Firm, we talk to attorney Jim ...
1 = STAFF NURSE 2 = CHARGE NURSE 3 = HEAD OR ASSISTANT HEAD NURSE 4 = CLINICAL NURSING SPECIALIST 5 = NURSE PRACTITIONER 6 = IN ... hospital-based nursing homes, and homes opened for business from 1982 to 1984. The nursing homes in the universe were ordered ... RPS-1, the first of these surveys, collected data on nursing homes, chronic disease and geriatric hospitals, and nursing home ... the nursing home had gone out of business, it failed to meet the definition of a nursing home as used in records. A total of ...
My aunt is in a nursing home. They tell us she isnt allowed to leave unless she gets the doctors permission. If she does, she ... Aunts nursing home hinders exit By Lisa Zamosky, Special to the Los Angeles Times ... If someone chooses to leave a nursing home against a doctors advice, the decision simply has to be documented. "Often its the ... Also inaccurate is the nursing home staffs assertion that your aunt is not allowed to leave, says Eric Carlson, directing ...
A Co Galway Nursing Home is appealing for help from qualified nurses following the deaths of twelve residents with Covid-19, ... Tadhg Daly said there are 184 open outbreaks in nursing homes, which is about one third of all nursing homes. ... Galway nursing home makes appeal for nurses after Covid-19 outbreak Updated / Monday, 1 Feb 2021 18:22 ... A Co Galway Nursing Home is appealing for help from qualified nurses following the deaths of twelve residents with Covid-19, ...
Pat Quinn signed landmark nursing home safety reforms into law Thursday in a room packed with senior citizens. ... It costs the state as much as $40,000 a year to house and treat a mentally ill resident in a nursing home but roughly half that ... It begins a new era of nursing home care in Illinois," Quinn said at the Thompson Center signing.. The overhaul effort was ... Pat Quinn signed landmark nursing home safety reforms into law Thursday in a room packed with senior citizens, top state ...
Today, nursing homes are varied. Some nursing homes still resemble a hospital while others look more like a home. Nursing home ... In 2002, nursing homes became known as care homes with nursing, and residential homes became known as care homes. As of April ... Depending on the size of the nursing home, a nursing home may have either a nursing home administrator or an executive director ... Nursing homes are used by people who do not need to be in a hospital, but cannot be cared for at home. The nursing home ...
Applying COVID-19 Infection Prevention and Control Strategies in Nursing Homes. *Guidance for Dental Settings During the COVID- ... Applying COVID-19 Infection Prevention and Control Strategies in Nursing Homes. ... presenters will use case-based scenarios to discuss how to apply infection prevention and control guidance for nursing homes ...
The authors determine the rate of nursing home closures for 7 years (1999-2005) and examine internal, organizational, and ... Nursing Homes. Browse by Series. Browse by Authors. Stay Informed. RAND Policy Currents. Get updates from RAND delivered ... Nursing homes with higher rates of deficiency citations, hospital-based facilities, chain members, small bed size, and ... PURPOSE: We determine the rate of nursing home closures for 7 years (1999-2005) and examine internal (e.g., quality), ...
The nursing home notified the state this week that it let go 71 workers in a round of layoffs that took effect Saturday. ... The nursing home - the first in Maryland to accept AIDS patients in 1985 - will shut down within the next month after Medicaid ... Nursing homes rarely close, said Dori Henry, spokesperson for the state Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, which oversees ... Ravenwood operated the nursing home, at the corner of Paca and West Franklin streets, since 1996, Pittman said. ...
Its not because patients arent interested; its because the beds cant be staffed.Craig Labore, the homes administrator, ... Grafton County Nursing Home has a few dozen beds it cant fill. ... Grafton County Nursing Home has a few dozen beds it cant fill ... Nursing homes in New Hampshire are losing money on patient care, about 75 dollars per patient per day in 2021 on average. ... Unlike states including Nebraska and Maine, no nursing homes have permanently closed recently in New Hampshire, according to ...
I gave the nurse who cared for my father a gift and she accepted and it made me feel very good to do so. I understand. ... Then if sometime down the road a family member accuses the nurse of theft, all the info about the gift etc. has been documented ... Now if the gift offered was money or something of value, the nurse would be expected to gently but firmly refuse. The last gift ... I dont see it as that different from when a former patient or family member sends the nurse flowers or candy. ...
GlobalNews.ca your source for the latest news on Nursing Homes . ... Nursing Homes. * N.B. nursing home workers file lawsuit over ... N.B. nursing homes bear the brunt of COVID-19 outbreaks Our hearts were broken because here it is the third Christmas for our ... Ontario issues zoning orders to push through nursing homes despite opposition Ontario has used its powers to push through the ... New Brunswicks social development minister will now be able to force nursing homes to take ALC patients in order to free beds ...
AARP shares resources and government programs to help make in home care and nursing affordable. ... Home health care can cost over $4,000 per month. ... In need of nursing home-level care as certified through your ... The joint federal-state program does pay for in-home care, some residential and assisted living care, and nursing home care. ... Among other things, PACE covers in-home care, adult day care, checkups, hospital and nursing home stays, prescriptions and some ...
Sixty-seven residents and 22 staffers at Geer Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in North Canaan have tested positive for the ... COVID-19 outbreak at Connecticut nursing home kills 8, infects 89 By Joshua Rhett Miller Social Links for Joshua Rhett Miller * ... All in-person visits at the nursing home are suspended amid the outbreak, but relatives can set up virtual meetings or meet ... Eight residents at a Connecticut nursing home have died in a COVID-19 outbreak at the facility in less than seven weeks, ...
... is defined as pneumonia occurring in a resident of a long-term care facility or nursing home. NHAP is one of the most common ... encoded search term (Nursing Home Acquired Pneumonia) and Nursing Home Acquired Pneumonia What to Read Next on Medscape ... Nursing home-acquired pneumonia, dysphagia and associated diseases in nursing home residents: A retrospective, cross-sectional ... Nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) is defined as pneumonia occurring in a resident of a long-term care facility or nursing ...
To meet the needs of this large senior population, Michigan is home to many nursing homes and health care facilities. Several ... Nursing homes must employ a director of nursing who plans all residents nursing care. Michigan law requires all nursing homes ... That is a nursing home. I like the place. If I have to go to a nursing home, I definitely go there. The staff i..." ... In addition to nursing home care, Michigans long-term care options include in-home care, home health care, adult day care and ...
She says the nursing home told her family that a male supervisor at the nursing home could not break up the fight because they ... "The nursing home called. They had called my mom and said he had gotten into an altercation and that he fell and hit his head," ... What the nursing home failed to tell the victims sister was that the man was allegedly violently attacked with his own walker ... A nursing home resident in Illinois has been charged with murdering another resident during a fight. (Credit: WLS via CNN ...
Search for Nursing Homes near you on Yell. ... Find St Judes Nursing Home in Sutton, SM2. Read 10 reviews, get ... Wonderful caring home in Sutton.. 4 St Judes Nursing Home is a wonderful caring home in Sutton. My parents have been there ... Judes Nursing Home. Very pleased with the overall care that my grandmother received from this nursing home. Means a lot that ... They are a registered Nursing Home with The Commission for Social Care and are members of the Registered Nursing Home ...
A nursing home watchdog and attorney told me about nursing home bosses in Connecticut emptying one of the facilitys supply ... "Bad nursing homes seem to be contagious," wrote the pre-eminent nursing home muckraker Mary Adelaide Mendelson, in her 1974 ... nursing homes. "I remember being overcome by the indignity," he said. But "I realized that, unglamorous though the nursing home ... an Austin-based attorney who runs a side business analyzing nursing home data. "The nursing home industry as a whole should not ...
... nursing homes and rehabilitation centers across D.C., Maryland and Virginia, as tallied up by U.S. ... To qualify as a "best nursing home," on the U.S. News list, facilities had to earn an average at least 4.5 out of 5 stars ... U.S. News analysts evaluated more than 15,000 nursing homes nationwide, and just 15 percent of them - or about 2,300 in total ... "I think its important to recognize that patients and their family members really struggle to find a nursing home that they ...
... spend with nursing home residents by 20 percent, and we are absolutely opposed to a cut in nursing home care," AARP spokeswoman ... who provide much of the hands-on care in nursing homes.. Related:. Bill changing Florida nursing home standards was written by ... which represents nursing home workers, said they are concerned about certified nursing assistants spending less time with ... The nursing home industry lobbied for the measure (HB 1239), which drew opposition from the senior advocacy group AARP Florida ...
Union demands protection for nursing home staff amid coronavirus pandemic. ... Patricia Stone, a Columbia School of Nursing professor who researches infection prevention and control in nursing homes, said ... Several nursing home workers interviewed by ABC News -- most of whom insisted they not be named for fear of reprisals -- said ... Federal officials monitoring nursing home cases around the country, estimated that more than 400 of the facilities have at ...
... - an article appearing in Super Lawyers Magazine January 2023 ... Questions for a Nursing Home Attorney If you or a loved one is a nursing home resident and you think your rights have been ... Nursing Home Resident Rights Under the NHRA and various state laws, nursing home residents have the following rights: *To be ... Enforcement of Nursing Home Resident Rights Enforcement of nursing home resident rights happens in a couple of basic ways: * ...
This new understanding of pain over time can help nursing home staff and clinicians better understand, recognize and respond to ... risk factors associated with persistent pain in individuals living in nursing homes. Ultimately, consideration of pain ... Despite awareness that pain is common in nursing home residents, there has been minimal attention focused on how this pain ... 4, 2022 The pandemic has called attention to an issue that nursing home residents, their families and those who work in nursing ...
Georgia has cited six nursing homes for short staffing linked to abuse, neglect and even death. ... "Every nursing home case is about staffing.". ExploreFrom November: Staffing shortages continue to plague Georgia nursing homes ... Over the years, he has helped dozens of plaintiffs sue nursing homes for wrongful death or negligence. Nursing homes cut down ... Georgias nursing home patients receive some of the nations lowest hours of daily nursing care, according to recent timesheet ...
  • On this page, data on COVID-19 cases and deaths among residents and staff of nursing homes, which are a subset of LTCFs, are displayed at the national or state level. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2004, 11% of the 1.3 million nursing home residents aged 65 and over in the United States were black. (cdc.gov)
  • Recent research suggests that black nursing home residents may be more likely than residents of other races to reside in facilities that have serious deficiencies, such as low staffing ratios and greater financial vulnerability. (cdc.gov)
  • One in four residents began EOL care before being admitted to a nursing home. (cdc.gov)
  • Purpose The purpose of the NNHS is to collect baseline and trend statistics about nursing facilities, their services, residents, discharges, and staff. (cdc.gov)
  • The resulting published statistics will describe the Nation's nursing facilities and the health status of their residents. (cdc.gov)
  • Through interviews with appropriate nursing staff, information was collected on maximum samples of five current residents and six recent discharges. (cdc.gov)
  • This nationwide sample survey of nursing and related care homes, their residents, and their staff was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) from August 1985 to January 1986. (cdc.gov)
  • A Co Galway Nursing Home is appealing for help from qualified nurses following the deaths of twelve residents with Covid-19, four of which occurred in the last 24 hours. (rte.ie)
  • The law will beef up existing criminal background checks and psychological screenings of incoming nursing home residents and place the relatively small number of dangerous patients into separate, secure therapeutic wards. (chicagotribune.com)
  • But it could take up to a year to write rules that codify the law's more far-reaching and controversial requirements, including the establishment of separate, secure therapeutic wards for dangerous patients, as well as more stringent treatment standards for homes that accept residents with serious mental illness. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Quinn was flanked at the bill signing by numerous state agency officials, Attorney General Lisa Madigan, state senators including Heather Steans and Jacqueline Collins, representatives of the nursing home industry, and disabled residents. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Still, many mentally ill nursing home residents and their families are concerned that the state will not follow through with the law's commitment. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In the United States, while nearly 1 in 10 residents aged 75 to 84 stays in a nursing home for five or more years, nearly 3 in 10 residents in that age group stay less than 100 days, the maximum duration covered by Medicare, according to the American Association for Long-Term Care Insurance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advocates are watching over the transition to ensure residents' rights are protected and that each of Harborside's 66 remaining residents finds a new home, according to Alice H. Hedt, Maryland's long-term care ombudsman. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Eight residents at a Connecticut nursing home have died in a COVID-19 outbreak at the facility in less than seven weeks, administrators said. (nypost.com)
  • Sixty-seven residents and 22 staffers at Geer Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in North Canaan have tested positive for the virus since Sept. 30, administrators said in a statement Friday . (nypost.com)
  • Sadly, we have lost 8 residents with serious underlying health issues to Covid," the nursing home said. (nypost.com)
  • Of the 89 people infected, 87 staffers and residents were fully vaccinated at the nursing home, which houses only 70 residents, NECN reported. (nypost.com)
  • Geer Nursing and Rehabilitation Center has said that once there are no new cases of COVID-19, all residents will receive the COVID booster shot. (nypost.com)
  • Geer Village Senior Community's top priority is the health and safety of our residents and employees," the nursing home said Friday. (nypost.com)
  • I think the staff at St Judes Nursing Home are all very nice and very friendly and are very good with the residents. (yell.com)
  • Genesis HealthCare, the 357-facility nursing home chain that ran the Colonial Hill Center and by late May had already seen about 1,500 of its residents die, had slashed payroll so drastically that on many shifts, the primary unit had one nursing assistant responsible for 39 patients. (prospect.org)
  • New Hampshire had been lucky to avoid the worst of COVID-19, but the minimum staffing requirements it imposed on nursing homes were the most lenient in the Northeast-and now their residents were paying the price. (prospect.org)
  • Hundreds of thousands of nursing home residents survived the bloodbath of 2020, only to spend the summer, no doubt, wishing the virus would come back for them. (prospect.org)
  • At a facility in Pennsylvania with one certified nursing assistant for every 22 residents, eight assistants teamed up to tell the evening news their patients were going months without a bath. (prospect.org)
  • The nursing home industry lobbied for the measure ( HB 1239 ), which drew opposition from the senior advocacy group AARP Florida and other critics who contended it would reduce care for residents. (tampabay.com)
  • Facilities can use respiratory therapists, mental health therapists, social services, occupational therapists that will care for the residents based on their unique and individualized needs," Kristen Knapp, a spokeswoman for the Florida Health Care Association, a nursing home industry group, said Wednesday before DeSantis signed the measure. (tampabay.com)
  • But opponents, including representatives of AARP and the Service Employees International Union, which represents nursing home workers, said they are concerned about certified nursing assistants spending less time with residents. (tampabay.com)
  • It reduces the time that (certified nursing assistants) spend with nursing home residents by 20 percent, and we are absolutely opposed to a cut in nursing home care," AARP spokeswoman Jamie Mongiovi said. (tampabay.com)
  • At a Tennessee home where least 74 residents tested positive, the Gallatin Center for Rehabilitation and Healing, the virus has also spread to at least 33 staff. (go.com)
  • Several nursing home workers interviewed by ABC News -- most of whom insisted they not be named for fear of reprisals -- said they have been denied access to protective masks and gowns, been asked to work even after being exposed to infected residents, and are facing dangers they never imagined as the pandemic has worsened. (go.com)
  • Residents of nursing homes have legal rights guaranteed by both state and federal laws. (superlawyers.com)
  • If you or a loved one resides in a nursing home, it's essential to be aware of residents' rights and what to do when these rights are violated. (superlawyers.com)
  • In response to studies concluding nursing home residents were frequently abused or neglected, Congress passed the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA) in 1987. (superlawyers.com)
  • To enact these goals, the NHRA created a bill of rights for nursing home residents and established national standards for long-term care facilities. (superlawyers.com)
  • On the ground, it's vital for nursing home residents to know how to contact their state survey agency or ombudsman programs for help when there is a problem. (superlawyers.com)
  • In addition to filing complaints about mistreatment with state agencies, nursing home residents may sometimes need legal representation. (superlawyers.com)
  • Despite awareness that pain is common in nursing home residents, there has been minimal attention focused on how this pain changes over time. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Identification of pain trajectories can help us improve pain control for nursing home residents," said Connie Cole, PhD, DNP, APRN, corresponding and lead author of the study. (sciencedaily.com)
  • A total of 46,103 pain assessments of 4,864 nursing home residents, nearly two-thirds of whom were female, from 44 facilities were analyzed in the study. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Nursing home residents with normal body mass index (BMI) or a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or related dementia were less likely to be in any of the three trajectories in which pain was present. (sciencedaily.com)
  • As a clinician, my experience has been that nursing home residents with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or dementia are less likely to be in any of the three trajectories with pain than those with intact cognition, due to inability to communicate and the difficulty in clinically evaluating pain in cognitively impaired individuals," said Dr. Cole, who has worked as a nurse practitioner. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Identifying residents likely to be underrepresented in the pain trajectories may provide impetus for nursing home staff to improve pain assessment and evaluation. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Residents begged for a shower at a Columbus nursing home, sometimes going weeks or months without one. (ajc.com)
  • At least two residents at a Decatur nursing home died of COVID-19 after pandemic protocols broke down. (ajc.com)
  • But even as vaccines have eased stress on homes and allowed families to visit again, staffing problems persist in many locations, leaving residents vulnerable to neglect and suffering. (ajc.com)
  • The deaths of eight residents in a Florida nursing home showed how even seemingly mundane things like failing to maintain climate control can be deadly. (npr.org)
  • It does not take a hurricane to put nursing home residents at risk when disaster strikes. (npr.org)
  • We have focused on protecting the health of nursing home residents since the start of this crisis. (wral.com)
  • The relaxed rules will help nursing home residents, especially as winter and the holidays approach. (wral.com)
  • The 11 nursing homes totaled nearly 1,800 residents in January before the coronavirus arrived, according to Illinois Public Health Department records. (wbez.org)
  • ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) - New York may have undercounted COVID-19 deaths among nursing home residents by thousands. (abc15.com)
  • As the pandemic and our investigations continue, we must understand why the residents of nursing homes in New York unnecessarily suffered at such an alarming rate," said Attorney General James in a press release . (abc15.com)
  • Nuhome homes residents and workers deserve to live and work in safe environments, and I will continue to work hard to safeguard this basic right during this precarious time. (abc15.com)
  • This home accommodates 56 residents in 56 single rooms (56 en suite). (housingcare.org)
  • Pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents, with 30-day mortality rates ranging from 10 to 30 percent. (aafp.org)
  • Because many nursing home residents take multiple medications, it is important to consider possible drug interactions. (aafp.org)
  • Pneumonia is the second most common cause of infection in nursing home residents, and is associated with notable morbidity and mortality. (aafp.org)
  • Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are important causes of respiratory illness and mortality in nursing home residents. (aafp.org)
  • Nursing homes are working to figure out how they're going to get all of their residents and staff tested. (kjrh.com)
  • A new report found that citations for over-prescribing antipsychotics to nursing home residents declined significantly between the end of the Obama administration and the first half of the Trump administration. (npr.org)
  • Almost 300,000 nursing home residents are given antipsychotic drugs each week, even though most have no psychosis to justify it. (npr.org)
  • Still, Dolin's study found that fines for prescribing unneeded antipsychotic drugs to nursing home residents were shockingly low during the first half of the Trump administration, even for the most serious offenses, graded "actual harm" or "immediate jeopardy. (npr.org)
  • The antipsychotic drugs prescribed to nursing home residents also cost taxpayers a bundle. (npr.org)
  • To minimize harm to nursing home residents and the government's bottom line, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) started a program to encourage the reduction in antipsychotic drug use in nursing homes. (npr.org)
  • According to CMS data, the percentage of nursing home residents inappropriately receiving antipsychotic drugs has declined from almost 24% in 2012, when the program began, to 14.3% in the middle of 2019. (npr.org)
  • MRSA is a major problem in nursing homes with one in four residents carrying the bacteria, a study by Queen's University Belfast and Antrim Area Hospital has found. (scienceblog.com)
  • The study, thought to be the largest of its kind studying MRSA in private nursing homes in the UK, took nose swabs from 1,111 residents and 553 staff in 45 nursing homes in the former Northern Board area of Northern Ireland. (scienceblog.com)
  • Residents in 42 of the homes were colonised with MRSA, with recorded rates in individual nursing homes ranging from zero to 73 per cent. (scienceblog.com)
  • And many nursing homes across the state saw similarly devastating outbreaks - perhaps inevitable given that the residents, by definition, are older and more vulnerable. (truthout.org)
  • As of late June, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) reported that the number of COVID-19 infections among nursing-home residents had exceeded 126,402 nationwide, in addition to about 78,692 suspected cases and 35,517 deaths - though CMS admits its data is incomplete, as the data reporting only goes back to mid-May, and not all facilities have been consistently reporting data . (truthout.org)
  • The New York Times reported late Thursday that the Democrat's top aides removed a tally of how many nursing home residents had died in the coronavirus pandemic from a report circulated by state health officials in June. (foxnews.com)
  • A nursing home administrator's main function is the management of the residents in a nursing home. (payscale.com)
  • A ProPublica review found 35 cases since 2012 in which nursing home or assisted living workers surreptitiously shared photos or videos of residents on social media. (propublica.org)
  • Nursing home workers across the country are posting embarrassing and dehumanizing photos of elderly residents on social media networks such as Snapchat, violating their privacy, dignity and, sometimes, the law. (propublica.org)
  • ProPublica has identified 35 instances since 2012 in which workers at nursing homes and assisted-living centers have surreptitiously shared photos or videos of residents, some of whom were partially or completely naked. (propublica.org)
  • Read details of incidents since 2012 in which workers at nursing homes and assisted-living centers shared photos or videos of residents on social media networks. (propublica.org)
  • And this February at Autumn Care Center in Newark , Ohio, a nursing assistant recorded a video of residents lying in bed as they were coached to say, "I'm in love with the coco," the lyrics of a gangster rap song ("coco" is slang for cocaine). (propublica.org)
  • Something hasn't happened now unless there's a selfie or Facebook posting about it," said Marian Ryan, the district attorney of Middlesex County, Mass., whose office is pursuing elder abuse charges against two women who posted numerous videos of nursing home residents on Snapchat. (propublica.org)
  • the use of all equipment, medical supplies and modalities used in the care of nursing home residents, including but not limited to catheters, hypodermic syringes and needles, irrigation outfits, dressings and pads, etc. (ny.gov)
  • Although the puppy isn't a service dog, Vi Tully and Helen Ziegler, two residents of the home, say the five month old puppy does provide a service to the residents. (cbsnews.com)
  • COVID-19 is responsible for the deaths of at least 40 residents in Ontario nursing and retirement homes, more than triple the number that provincial officials reported Wednesday. (cbc.ca)
  • At least 40 deaths of residents in Ontario nursing and retirement homes have been linked to COVID-19, almost triple the number that provincial officials reported on Wednesday. (cbc.ca)
  • CBC News found that in addition to the deaths of 14 residents and one volunteer worker at the Pinecrest Nursing Home in Bobcaygeon as of Wednesday, there have been another 19 COVID-19-related deaths at long-term care and retirement homes stretching from Sarnia to Orleans. (cbc.ca)
  • Featured Video 'It's a home - we're not set up as a hospital,' says Pinecrest Nursing Home doctor Stephen Oldridge about why COVID-19 has hit so hard and killed so many residents at the seniors facility in southeastern Ontario. (cbc.ca)
  • Featured Video Marylou Ferguson remembers her dear friend Mike St. Thomas, one of 12 residents who've died of COVID-19 at Pinecrest Nursing Home in southeastern Ontario, which has been ravaged by a novel coronavirus outbreak. (cbc.ca)
  • The Justice Department announced last August that it was considering whether to investigate if New York and other Democrat-led states violated nursing home residents' civil rights by admitting Covid-19 patients to the facilities. (politico.com)
  • Roughly 40,000 residents live in Massachusetts' 420 nursing homes. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Nurses give residents their medications, monitor disorders, supervise treatments, consult with doctors about care, and organize most of the activities in the nursing home. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Social workers help residents adjust to the nursing home and, when appropriate, help residents return to their own home or to a lower level of care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The results confirm the importance of maintaining family life in the lives of elderly asylum home residents. (bvsalud.org)
  • · Nursing home residents home for a short stay until they are well enough to return are predominantly white to the community. (cdc.gov)
  • Some patients ad- from 1985 to 1997, while mitted to nursing homes are not acutely ill, but are too black residents increased disabled to care for themselves. (cdc.gov)
  • These residents may remain ders were the most common in the nursing home for a longer stay, perhaps years. (cdc.gov)
  • Who are the residents of nursing homes, and how are they changing? (cdc.gov)
  • In 1997, the average age at admission among nursing home residents 65 years of age and older was 82.6 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Residents of nursing homes were mostly women. (cdc.gov)
  • A suspected EHEC case was defined as anyone with a gastrointestinal illness from July 10 to September 10, 2012 among nursing home residents in Sapporo City and Hokkaido. (who.int)
  • And with the 65-plus population projected to grow from 56 million in 2020 to 73 million in 2030, the need for home health care will only increase. (aarp.org)
  • Michigan is a relatively expensive state for nursing home care, according to Genworth Financial's 2020 Cost of Care Survey . (caring.com)
  • These laws comprise the single coherent national policy response to the nursing home bloodbath of spring 2020. (prospect.org)
  • A view of the Pleasant View Nursing Home, March 30, 2020, in Mount Airy, Md. Over the weekend, Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan announced that at least 66 people have tested positive for COVID-19 at the nursing home, including one death. (go.com)
  • In the fog, Carroll County Health Department personnel place a "no trespassing" sign by the driveway of the Pleasant View Nursing Home, in Mount Airy, Md., Sunday, March 29, 2020. (go.com)
  • The report also said the DOH failed to respond to federal directives to survey nursing homes for infection control problems, reporting 20% of facilities between March and May 2020, compared to more than 90% for some other states. (frontpagemag.com)
  • Patients are removed from Magnolia Rehabilitation and Nursing Center after 39 tested positive for COVID on April 8, 2020, in Riverside, California. (truthout.org)
  • CMS only requires collection of data from nursing homes (i.e., skilled nursing facility and/or nursing facility) and not from assisted living facilities or intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disabilities. (cdc.gov)
  • The union for 400,000 long-term care workers issued a plea for federal help on Wednesday to better protect the health care aides who they say are facing extreme risks as novel coronavirus has spread in dozens of nursing homes and assisted living facilities across the nation. (go.com)
  • But, union officials said, that effort needs to extend to nursing and assisted living facilities that have been a focal point for viral spread from the earliest days of the crisis. (go.com)
  • If you have concerns about the quality of care being delivered at a specific nursing facility, you can file a complaint with your state's Department of Public Health. (latimes.com)
  • The Kalamazoo area has the state's highest nursing home prices at $10,159 per month. (caring.com)
  • According to the report , James' investigators looked at 62 of the state's roughly 600 nursing homes. (abc15.com)
  • Revelations about the brisk expansion and quality of care at nursing homes owned by S ynergy Health Centers , a New Jersey corporation that is poised to buy more Massachusetts nursing homes, has reignited frustrations about the state's lack of action. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Roughly 70 percent of the nation's 15,400 nursing homes are for-profit, and the gross understaffing on display at Colonial Hill is the flip side of extreme profiteering. (prospect.org)
  • Georgia's nursing home patients receive some of the nation's lowest hours of daily nursing care, according to recent timesheet data compiled by the Long Term Care Community Coalition. (ajc.com)
  • Within days, however, her mother died of COVID-19 and pneumonia before Sullivan could bring her home. (truthout.org)
  • Some nursing homes have special care units for people with serious memory problems such as Alzheimer's disease . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Nursing homes are not only for older adults, but for anyone who requires 24-hour care. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In 2018, the percentage of adults aged ≥65 years who received care at home from a nurse or other health care professional during the past 12 months increased with age from 4.5% for adults aged 65-69 years, to 8.2% for those aged 70-74 years and 13.2% for those aged ≥75 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Data from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey (most recent available) sheds light on end-of-life (EOL) care in nursing homes. (cdc.gov)
  • I'm not saying that there are rules against it or that people will try to intervene all the time, but perhaps we could make nursing homes a bit more friendly institutional care for the elderly, to the idea that companionship for competent people or nearly competent people is an aspect of life that they can pursue if they choose to do so. (medscape.com)
  • FaciIities covered in the survey are those providing some level of nursing or personal care without regard to licensure status or to certification status under Medicare or Medicaid. (cdc.gov)
  • Procedures For Data Collection Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 1,220 nursing and related care homes using a combination of personal interview and self- enumeration techniques. (cdc.gov)
  • However, it's unlikely that the care she's already received from the home would be denied because she left against the doctor's orders. (latimes.com)
  • Speaking on the same programme, the Chief Executive of Nursing Homes Ireland said the situation in Greenpark is "being replicated" across health and social care services. (rte.ie)
  • It begins a new era of nursing home care in Illinois," Quinn said at the Thompson Center signing. (chicagotribune.com)
  • A nursing home is a facility for the residential care of older people, senior citizens, or disabled people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nursing homes may also be referred to as care homes, skilled nursing facilities (SNF) or long-term care facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, these terms have slightly different meanings to indicate whether the institutions are public or private, and whether they provide mostly assisted living, or nursing care and emergency medical care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nursing homes may offer memory care services, often called dementia care. (wikipedia.org)
  • From before the 17th century to modern day, many families care for their elders in the family's home. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 21st century, nursing homes have become a standard form of care for most aged and incapacitated persons to account for those complexities. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US, poorhouses were then replaced with residential living homes, known as board-and-care homes or convalescent homes. (wikipedia.org)
  • These board-and-care homes provided basic levels of care and meals in a private setting for a specific fee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Board-and-care homes proved to be a success and by World War II, the new way of nursing homes began to take shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • To combat these long stays in short-term settings, board-and-care homes began to convert into something more public and permanent that was state and federally funded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nursing homes were a permanent residence where the elderly and disabled could receive any necessary medical care and receive daily meals. (wikipedia.org)
  • These nursing homes showed improvement in maintaining care and cleanliness standards in comparison to almshouses and poorhouses. (wikipedia.org)
  • IMPLICATIONS: As states actively debate about how to redistribute long-term care services/dollars, our findings show that they should be cognizant of the potential these decisions have for facilitating nursing home closures. (rand.org)
  • During this COCA call, presenters will use case-based scenarios to discuss how to apply infection prevention and control guidance for nursing homes and other long-term care facilities that are preparing for and responding to COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • The nursing home - the first in Maryland to accept AIDS patients in 1985 - will shut down within the next month after Medicaid and Medicare stop paying for patient care. (baltimoresun.com)
  • It was converted into a residential home for the ailing in 1972 and changed hands several times before Ravenwood took over patient care. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Labore's facility isn't an outlier, according to a new survey commissioned by the New Hampshire Health Care Association, which represents dozens of New Hampshire nursing homes. (concordmonitor.com)
  • Nursing homes in New Hampshire are losing money on patient care, about 75 dollars per patient per day in 2021 on average. (concordmonitor.com)
  • Documents show a patient who came to a N.B. emergency room and later died without been treated, had been dropped off by their home care and left alone. (globalnews.ca)
  • Can You Afford a Home-Care Worker? (aarp.org)
  • Planning for in-home care is a lot like the Chinese adage about planting a tree: The best time was 20 years ago, and the second best time is today. (aarp.org)
  • Older Americans determined to stay in their own homes are likely to need help at some point - for a few hours a day or 24/7 - with household chores, nursing services and personal care. (aarp.org)
  • Those who plan early may buy insurance policies that cover home-care benefits. (aarp.org)
  • To meet the needs of this large senior population, Michigan is home to many nursing homes and health care facilities. (caring.com)
  • Nursing homes provide room and board, supervision and round-the-clock access to skilled nursing care. (caring.com)
  • This guide provides an overview of nursing home care in Michigan, including the cost of care, financial assistance options and laws that govern nursing homes, as well as some helpful resources for frail seniors and their caregivers. (caring.com)
  • Nationally, the average monthly cost of nursing home care is $7,756, while the Michigan average is nearly 16% higher at $8,973. (caring.com)
  • Indiana's $7,133 per month is about the same as Ohio, while in nearby Illinois, nursing home care costs just $6,235 per month. (caring.com)
  • To the west in Grand Rapids, nursing home care costs $9,178. (caring.com)
  • In addition to nursing home care, Michigan's long-term care options include in-home care, home health care, adult day care and assisted living care. (caring.com)
  • Seniors who choose to receive care in their own homes pay $4,576 per month, on average, and $4,767 monthly if they require in-home medical care. (caring.com)
  • Assisted living care, at $4,200 per month, is less than half the cost of nursing care. (caring.com)
  • Does Medicaid Cover Nursing Home Care in Michigan? (caring.com)
  • With over 360 nursing homes throughout the state, there are numerous choices for Medicaid beneficiaries needing a higher level of care than is offered in assisted living communities. (caring.com)
  • Michigan's Managed Long-Term Services and Supports (MLTSS) can help caregivers and seniors with care coordination and support while staying in a long-term care community, including a nursing home. (caring.com)
  • Seniors may also benefit from HCBS waivers, such as MI Choices Waiver , which provides skilled nursing care in the comfort of their home or in a residential care community. (caring.com)
  • To be considered eligible for Medicaid, individuals must meet the income level requirement and need 24-hour skilled nursing care. (caring.com)
  • Nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) is defined as pneumonia occurring in a resident of a long-term care facility or nursing home. (medscape.com)
  • They offer fully furnished and spacious accommodation over three floors and provide excellent Nursing and End of Life Care by a well trained passionate staff team. (yell.com)
  • They are a registered Nursing Home with 'The Commission for Social Care' and are members of the Registered Nursing Home Association. (yell.com)
  • We were very happy with the care and attention my grandmother received from all the staff at St. Jude's Nursing Home. (yell.com)
  • Very pleased with the overall care that my grandmother received from this nursing home. (yell.com)
  • I strongly recommend St Judes Nursing Home because you feel comfortable leaving your relative in their care. (yell.com)
  • seek out an appointment with the medical director and actually make sure your questions are answered so that you have a full picture of the quality of care that your loved one will get at that nursing home. (wtop.com)
  • The most controversial part of the bill involves certified nursing assistants, who provide much of the hands-on care in nursing homes. (tampabay.com)
  • Current law requires that certified nursing assistants provide a minimum of 2.5 hours of direct care per resident per day. (tampabay.com)
  • Also, current law requires that certified nursing assistants and licensed nurses provide a weekly average of 3.6 hours of direct care per patient per day. (tampabay.com)
  • Nursing home companies interviewed by ABC News have acknowledged struggling to maintain supplies - a widespread issue confronting health care facilities nationwide. (go.com)
  • A licensed practical nurse working at a senior care center in Baltimore said she asked her boss if she could bring in her own mask after the nurses were prohibited from using the available supplies. (go.com)
  • Dr. Patricia Stone, a Columbia School of Nursing professor who researches infection prevention and control in nursing homes, said the vulnerabilities facing nursing care aides is just as real as with first responders, emergency room doctors and hospital nurses. (go.com)
  • Kisha Stanley was concerned about staffing and the care her mother, Yvonne Medley, received at Signature HealthCARE of Buckhead nursing home. (ajc.com)
  • An outside dentist diagnosed her mother with mouth ulcers and determined the nursing home had failed to provide proper oral care, Stanley said. (ajc.com)
  • In October 2021, DCH inspectors cited the facility for a shortage of "sufficient nursing staff" that contributed to a host of care issues. (ajc.com)
  • Dr. David Gifford , senior vice president for quality and regulatory affairs at the American Health Care Association, a nursing home industry group, says facilities have gotten better at handling disasters after each one. (npr.org)
  • Dr. David Marcozzi , a former director of the federal emergency preparedness program for health care, says that inspectors - also known as surveyors - should observe nursing home staff demonstrating their emergency plans rather than just checking that they have been written down. (npr.org)
  • However, over half of the people turning 65 now will require long term support services, which can include nursing home care, home care, assisted living and other options. (benzinga.com)
  • The insurance industry commonly refers to nursing home insurance as long term care insurance, which better describes the breadth of coverage available . (benzinga.com)
  • Nursing home insurance can help cover the cost of care, whether it's a stay in a nursing home or home-based care. (benzinga.com)
  • Not everyone with long term care needs will require a nursing home. (benzinga.com)
  • Another form of long term care is home care, in which an agency or individual provides various home services ranging from bathing and grooming to housework. (benzinga.com)
  • Some nursing home insurance policies provide coverage for a professional to determine care needs, locate suitable services and arrange for care. (benzinga.com)
  • ome long term care policies also provide coverage for home modifications that may be required, such as wheelchair ramps, railings, or grab bars. (benzinga.com)
  • However, it's possible that neither will cover your true costs if you need nursing home care, with a median cost closer to $250 per day. (benzinga.com)
  • Also, consider the cost of nursing home care in your state . (benzinga.com)
  • Texas, for example, is considerably more affordable when looking at the average cost of nursing home care. (benzinga.com)
  • Nursing home insurance isn't for everyone and there's a significant chance you'll never need it - but if you do require long term care, you might be glad you had the foresight to purchase coverage. (benzinga.com)
  • The COVID-19 relief law is offering states a $12.7 billion boost for home- and community-based care as an alternative to institutionalizing elderly and disabled people. (csmonitor.com)
  • 7 One study found that recent antibiotic use and the inability to perform activities of daily living were independently associated with antibiotic-resistant nursing home-acquired pneumonia requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission or mechanical ventilation. (aafp.org)
  • Instead of the two simulator labs now in Alumnae Hall's Nursing Resource Center, he said, Nexus will house at least 10 examination rooms, including an intensive care room, a delivery room-even "a home-care lab set up like someone's house," he added. (adelphi.edu)
  • For example, the Trump administration made it harder to sue nursing homes for substandard care, they changed the way fines are assessed, causing the financial penalties to decline by about a third, and they proposed making it easier to prescribe antipsychotic drugs. (npr.org)
  • Dr Paddy Kearney, Consultant Medical Microbiologist with the Northern Health and Social Care Trust, said: "We decided to carry out the study after noticing an apparent increase in recent years in the number of patients who had MRSA when they were admitted to hospital from nursing homes. (scienceblog.com)
  • Lorry Sullivan was a regular visitor at the Our Lady of Consolation Nursing and Rehabilitative Care Center in West Islip, Long Island, New York, where her 89-year-old mother had been placed to recover from a fall earlier this year. (truthout.org)
  • The following month, one nursing home assistant at Rosewood Care Center in St. Charles , Ill., recorded another using a nylon strap to lightly slap the face of a 97-year-old woman with dementia. (propublica.org)
  • The death toll jumped by 11 over the course of Wednesday, including six new deaths at one Toronto long-term care home and two others at a nursing home in Bobcaygeon. (cbc.ca)
  • The growing number of outbreaks is raising fears that the pandemic will take more lives in long-term care homes. (cbc.ca)
  • Dr. Barbara Yaffe, Ontario's associate chief medical officer of health, said Wednesday afternoon that the province knows of 12 deaths among people in long-term care homes with confirmed cases of COVID-19, but acknowledged that local public health units have more up-to-date figures. (cbc.ca)
  • It's heartbreaking because people in those homes are very vulnerable,' said Natalie Mehra, executive director of the Ontario Health Coalition, which includes health care unions and patient advocacy groups. (cbc.ca)
  • It's such a serious and deadly disease that I am very frightened for what's going to happen across Ontario's long-term care homes now. (cbc.ca)
  • Since the World Health Organization declared a pandemic on March 11, Ontario's Ministry of Health progressively ramped up measures to try to keep COVID-19 out of long-term care and retirement facilities, first recommending screening visitors for symptoms and travel history, then advising homes against allowing any non-essential visitors. (cbc.ca)
  • Elder advocates lobbied for years to win legislators' 2012 approval of a strengthened law governing nursing-home dementia care, but it took the health department nearly two more years to issue rules implementing that law. (bostonglobe.com)
  • A state official told the Public Health Council that her team has been meeting with elder advocates, the nursing home trade association, and the health care workers' union to hear their thoughts on crafting regulations for the nearly year-old nursing home scrutiny law. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Woodward and other council members said they are concerned that a recent executive order by Governor Charlie Baker could hamper the state health department's ability to implement the rules and ensure quality care at nursing homes. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Just on Boston's North Shore, where Lanzikos runs an elder care agency, six nursing homes have recently converted to shorter-stay rehabilitation centers, often because they can make more money. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Nursing homes are for people who need help with health care for chronic conditions but do not need to be hospitalized. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Family circumstances may change, making care at home difficult. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Nursing home" is sometimes used as a general term for any long-term care facility. (msdmanuals.com)
  • But it specifically refers to facilities licensed by the state that can provide both basic and skilled nursing care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Nursing" indicates that nurses provide most of the care in the facility. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The nursing staff includes registered nurses (the most highly trained), licensed practical nurses, nursing assistants, and a director of nursing, who oversees nursing care in the home. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Each nursing home also has a medical director, a doctor who oversees the medical care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In some nursing homes, the medical director is the only doctor who provides medical care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • But in most nursing homes, several doctors, often working with nurse practitioners or physician assistants, provide care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Many nursing homes provide hospice care for people who are dying. (msdmanuals.com)
  • ing nursing home care, home health care, and other options increasingly available to the elderly population. (cdc.gov)
  • Long-term care institutions refer to nursing and residential care facilities (HP.2) which provide accommodation and long-term care as a package. (who.int)
  • Coverage: Includes nursing beds in nursing and residential care facilities. (who.int)
  • Coverage: All disclosed beds in hospices and Homes for medico-social care for children. (who.int)
  • a study on home care for AIDS patients in Umzingwane District, Uganda = I AIDS nge khaya? (who.int)
  • Initiating Aha moments when implementing person-centered care in nursing homes: a multi-arm, pre-post intervention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Comprehensive adoption of culture change via person-centered care (PCC) practices in nursing homes has been slow. (bvsalud.org)
  • But for decades before the pandemic, for-profit nursing homes have been robbing seniors of their dignity and their money. (prospect.org)
  • Already an issue before the pandemic, short staffing at Georgia's nursing homes hit a crisis point after COVID-19 upended these facilities two years ago. (ajc.com)
  • Once the pandemic began, the home transformed from a disappointment into "hell," Stanley said. (ajc.com)
  • When visitation opened again in December, Stanley said she noticed the nursing staff seemed overwhelmed and more short staffed than before the pandemic. (ajc.com)
  • Based on the findings and subsequent investigation, Attorney General Letitia James would conduct ongoing investigations into more than 20 nursing homes that reported conduct during the first wave of the pandemic presented particular concern. (abc15.com)
  • The administration's handling of nursing homes is now a full-blown scandal - a stunning reversal for Cuomo, whose early handling of the pandemic and high-profile daily press briefings earned him soaring approval ratings, an Emmy and a book deal. (politico.com)
  • In the 1800s in the US, women's and church groups began to establish special homes for elderly people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly 70 elderly patients and vulnerable adults must find new homes because of the planned closure of Harborside Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Baltimore, a sprawling facility with numerous fire hazards uncovered in a recent state inspection. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Due to the influx of more elderly people from the Baby Boomer generation and the improvements in medicine that help keep people alive longer, more elderly individuals are in nursing homes than ever before. (hg.org)
  • Nursing homes are an important component of health ser- vices for the elderly population. (cdc.gov)
  • Nursing homes rarely close, said Dori Henry, spokesperson for the state Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, which oversees the facilities. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Managing Experience: If you are a Nursing Home Administrator that oversees more junior Nursing Home Administrators, this experience can increase the likelihood to earn more. (payscale.com)
  • I can't really underscore how much we have been meeting with stakeholders," said Deborah Allwes , director of the health department's bureau that oversees nursing homes. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Tadhg Daly said there are 184 open outbreaks in nursing homes, which is about one third of all nursing homes. (rte.ie)
  • As North Carolina expanded testing and got more protective gear to nursing homes to slow the outbreaks, state officials this summer began allowing outdoor visits at nursing homes. (wral.com)
  • Local community transmission levels are the key factor for nursing home outbreaks, she said. (wral.com)
  • Data on nursing home operating and utilization characteristics were obtained by personal interview with the administrator, data on the financial characteristics of the facility were self-enumerated by the nursing home's accountant or bookkeeper. (cdc.gov)
  • There are requirements that must be met in order for Medicare to cover some of the cost of your aunt's current stay in the skilled nursing facility, or SNF. (latimes.com)
  • The nursing home facility nurses have the responsibilities of caring for the patients' medical needs and also the responsibility of being in charge of other employees, depending on their ranks. (wikipedia.org)
  • We don't have anything, not even hand sanitizer,' said one health aide working at a 120-bed nursing facility north of Chicago. (go.com)
  • Unfortunately, you also see a lot of acts of physical and sexual abuse in nursing homes, [perpetrated] either by an employee of the facility, another resident, or a guest of another resident. (superlawyers.com)
  • Stanley was eventually able to get her mother transferred to a different nursing facility, where she is seen in this photo last month. (ajc.com)
  • Altogether, there were 39 confirmed COVID-19 deaths and one suspected death at the facility as of July 8 - one of the highest nursing home death tolls in the state. (truthout.org)
  • It's possible that the staff at the nursing home have misunderstood what they've been told about discharge procedures and/or Medicare benefits, which are quite complicated. (latimes.com)
  • He said that while the HSE has provided them with nurses, his biggest fear is that their nursing staff levels are beginning to drop. (rte.ie)
  • More staff were available during the first wave, he said, but every available nurse at the moment is already on the frontline, meaning movement between facilities is very limited. (rte.ie)
  • Work already has begun on hiring dozens of additional nursing home inspectors, as well as writing rules that will increase licensing fees and nursing staff levels in the homes. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Bell said some provisions, such as increasing licensing fees and nursing staff levels into the facilities, could be completed by year's end. (chicagotribune.com)
  • But Labore said these types of issues pale in comparison to the cost of increasing reliance on travel nurses and other contract staff, which are more expensive than hiring local staff directly . (concordmonitor.com)
  • This new understanding of pain over time can help nursing home staff and clinicians better understand, recognize and respond to risk factors associated with persistent pain in individuals living in nursing homes. (sciencedaily.com)
  • And in each case, they found a common culprit: The facility's caregivers were overworked and overwhelmed because they didn't have enough nursing staff. (ajc.com)
  • Nearly a third of Georgia's nursing homes report being short of nursing staff, according to June data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). (ajc.com)
  • Nursing homes are required to have emergency plans and have staff practice evacuations, but many fail to meet even those basic requirements. (npr.org)
  • Staff in 28 of the homes carried the bacteria with prevalence rates ranging from zero to 28 per cent. (scienceblog.com)
  • Dr Michael Tunney, Senior Lecturer in Clinical Pharmacy, from Queen's University's School of Pharmacy, said: "This is the first study which has reported prevalence of MRSA among staff in nursing homes in the UK and found that staff need to be more aware of the potential problem MRSA can be in this setting. (scienceblog.com)
  • SEE NNHS77 DATASET NAMES FOR DSN ABSTRACT This material provides documentation for users of the Micro-Data Tape of the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. (cdc.gov)
  • The 1985 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS), the third in a series, is authorized under Section 306 (42 USC 242k) of the Public Health Service Act. (cdc.gov)
  • Introduction The micro-data tape comprises data collected in the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS). (cdc.gov)
  • All told, there are more than 100 "top performing" nursing homes and rehabilitation centers across D.C., Maryland and Virginia, as tallied up by U.S. News and World Report for its "Best Nursing Homes" rankings. (wtop.com)
  • According to federal regulations, a doctor, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant must see every nursing home resident at least once every other month. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Most nursing homes have nursing aides and skilled nurses on hand 24 hours a day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To report abuse, go to the National Center on Elder Abuse website at https://www.ncea.aoa.gov , click on "Nursing Home Abuse," then "Where to Report" to find hotlines in your state. (latimes.com)
  • Even before Gov. Pat Quinn signed landmark nursing home safety reforms into law Thursday in a room packed with senior citizens, top state officials have been working behind the scenes to implement many provisions of the new legislation aimed at ending chronic violence in the facilities. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Working with state and Chicago housing officials, Quinn's office has begun to identify funding for rental housing units in the community for the high-functioning mentally ill people who volunteer and qualify to leave the homes. (chicagotribune.com)
  • State inspectors assessed Harborside between Feb. 29 and March 9 to determine whether the nursing home met standards for funding from Medicare and Medicaid, the government's insurance programs for senior citizens and low-income and disabled individuals. (baltimoresun.com)
  • State capital Lansing's cost is the same as the Michigan average, while in Detroit, nursing home costs are slightly lower at $8,821 monthly. (caring.com)
  • Inspection results vary widely by state, influenced sometimes by lax nursing homes or more assertive surveyors, or a combination, according to an analysis of emergency-planning deficiencies. (npr.org)
  • The star rating system will give a more user friendly way for consumers to compare nursing homes within a State. (cms.gov)
  • Former Gov. Andrew Cuomo's Department of Health undercounted the number of COVID-19 nursing home deaths by at least 4,100 and was unprepared to confront the deadly contagion before it ever arrived, state Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli said in an audit released Tuesday night. (frontpagemag.com)
  • This comes more than two months after the first major outbreak at a nursing home in Washington state. (kjrh.com)
  • While it's unclear how many nursing homes were subject to the DOJ request - which appeared to focus only on state-run facilities - DeRosa on Friday issued a statement saying the probe trumped New York lawmakers' requests. (politico.com)
  • The admission came as a member of a board that sets state health policy urged regulators to move more swiftly, especially with the increased pace of for-profit companies buying up family-owned nursing homes. (bostonglobe.com)
  • State inspections of Synergy's nursing homes routinely show striking increases in problems after the company arrives. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Grosvenor, family owned for 21 years, is a five-star nursing home, the highest rating from the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and state inspection reports show a blemish-free record for more than two years. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Paul Lanzikos, a former state Elder Affairs secretary, urged regulators to set a more expansive goal with their rewriting of nursing home rules, saying a comprehensive overhaul was years overdue. (bostonglobe.com)
  • BACKGROUND As part of its continuing program to provide information on the health of the Nation and the utilization of its health resources, the National Center for Health Statistics periodically conducts a nationwide survey of nursing facilities. (cdc.gov)
  • These data are used for studying the utilization of nursing facilities, for supporting research directed at finding effective means for treatment of long-term health problems, and for setting national policies and priorities. (cdc.gov)
  • Specializes in MS Home Health. (allnurses.com)
  • With the median cost for a nursing home room approaching $100,000 annually, a change in health or an accident that affects cognitive ability can become expensive quickly. (benzinga.com)
  • Fall 2013 groundbreaking for a new building to house the College of Nursing and Public Health. (adelphi.edu)
  • One of the highlights of the 70th anniversary year of Adelphi's School of Nursing will be the projected Fall 2013 groundbreaking for a new building to house the newly renamed College of Nursing and Public Health . (adelphi.edu)
  • This L-shaped Nexus Building and Welcome Center will contain administrative and academic space for the College of Nursing and Public Health and the Center for Health Innovation -plus a welcome center, the Office of University Admissions and more. (adelphi.edu)
  • College of Nursing and Public Health Dean Patrick Coonan, Ed.D., R.N., NEA-BC, FACHE, said the new laboratories will be utilized solely by nursing students. (adelphi.edu)
  • Days after the incident, the home changed hands and is now known as Price Road Health and Rehabilitation Center. (propublica.org)
  • Massachusetts health regulators acknowledged Wednesday they still have no timetable for intensifying scrutiny of nursing home sales and closings, even though the Legislature mandated stricter reviews 10 months ago. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Lanzikos, now a Public Health Council member who has been tracking health department data regarding nursing home expansions, said that since 2009, at least 75 nursing homes have filed applications for nearly $600 million in building projects that received no public scrutiny. (bostonglobe.com)
  • New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo' s nursing home scandal now has a "follow-the-money" angle, Fox News contributor and The Hill media columnist Joe Concha told " America Reports " Friday. (foxnews.com)
  • Cuomo was already facing mounting backlash for his handling of the nursing home crisis. (politico.com)
  • On Saturday afternoon, about two dozen rank-and-file members of SEIU Healthcare rallied and marched before TV cameras at Federal Plaza in downtown Chicago, promoting their demand to lift the minimum hourly pay for certified nursing assistants to $15.50 and for other workers to $15. (wbez.org)
  • Gubin and Blisko control dozens of nursing homes in eight states through Infinity and Strawberry Fields, a real-estate investment trust based in South Bend, Indiana. (wbez.org)
  • Federal officials monitoring nursing home cases around the country, estimated that more than 400 of the facilities have at least one positive case. (go.com)
  • Visitors can begin returning to some nursing homes in North Carolina, officials said Monday. (wral.com)
  • Inspectors in Colorado found a nursing home's courtyard gate locked and that employees did not know the combination, records show. (npr.org)
  • Almost all nursing homes provide rehabilitation, including physical, occupational, and sometimes respiratory and speech therapies. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Place of residence immediately before nursing different nursing home and about 33 percent home admission, 1985 and 1997 came from private homes. (cdc.gov)
  • Nursing homes are used by people who do not need to be in a hospital, but cannot be cared for at home. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Home nursing. (who.int)
  • Aspiration pneumonia , whether community-acquired or acquired in a nursing home, results microbiologically from aspirated anaerobic oropharyngeal flora. (medscape.com)
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of nursing home-acquired pneumonia, although Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative organisms may be more common in severe cases. (aafp.org)
  • Antibiotic therapy for nursing home-acquired pneumonia should target a broad range of organisms, and drug-resistant microbes should be considered when making treatment decisions. (aafp.org)
  • Treatment of hospitalized patients with nursing home-acquired pneumonia requires broad-spectrum antibiotics with coverage of many gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus . (aafp.org)
  • Appropriate dosing of antibiotics for nursing home-acquired pneumonia is important to optimize effectiveness and avoid adverse effects. (aafp.org)
  • This article reviews the clinical management of nursing home-acquired pneumonia, with an emphasis on antimicrobial therapy. (aafp.org)
  • Nursing home-acquired pneumonia should be suspected in patients with new or progressive infiltrate plus a new-onset fever, leukocytosis, purulent sputum, or hypoxia. (aafp.org)
  • Nonhospitalized nursing home patients requiring treatment for pneumonia should be treated with an antipneumococcal fluoroquinolone, or either a high-dose beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor or a second- or third-generation cephalosporin, in combination with azithromycin (Zithromax). (aafp.org)
  • Nursing home-acquired pneumonia is usually bacterial in origin, although the specific microbiologic cause is often not identified. (aafp.org)
  • However, in severe cases of nursing home-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization and mechanical ventilation, the rates of infection with Staphylococcus aureus and enteric gram-negative organisms appear to exceed those of S. pneumoniae . (aafp.org)
  • Nursing home-acquired pneumonia can also be caused by viral infection ( Table 1 5 - 12 ). (aafp.org)
  • The spread of influenza in the community of 100,000 individuals outside the nursing home was described by four variables: s, the proportion of susceptible individuals in the community, e, the proportion of exposed individuals in the community, i, the proportion of infectious individuals in the community, r, the proportion of recovered and immune individuals in the community. (cdc.gov)
  • All in-person visits at the nursing home are suspended amid the outbreak, but relatives can set up virtual meetings or meet loved ones through a window. (nypost.com)
  • Indoor visits are allowed at nursing homes with no coronavirus infections in the last 14 days that are in counties where the positive testing rate for the virus is under 10 percent, reflecting guidance from the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (wral.com)
  • Gov. Roy Cooper halted visits to nursing homes in March to limit the spread of coronavirus. (wral.com)
  • To qualify as a "best nursing home," on the U.S. News list, facilities had to earn an average at least 4.5 out of 5 stars during the previous 10 months of federal reports ending in August 2017. (wtop.com)
  • Citations for antipsychotic misuse in skilled nursing facilities increased by 200% between 2015 and 2017 under the Obama administration. (npr.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: We investigated potential relationships between CSF amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ42), phosphorylated tau (P-tau), and total tau (T-tau) with time to nursing home placement (NHP) and life expectancy after diagnosis. (lu.se)
  • Her complaint was that her mom, who was in a nursing home and had mild dementia, had taken up with one of the male patients and they were having sex. (medscape.com)
  • The rate at which influenza virus was introduced into the nursing home by HCWs, visitors and patients depended on the prevalence of the virus in the community. (cdc.gov)
  • The daily influenza infection incidence, s, and the prevalence, i, in the community (Figure S1) were used in the nursing home model as the hazard rate for HCWs of becoming infected outside the nursing home and the probability that visitors and new patients who entered the nursing home were infectious, respectively. (cdc.gov)
  • I think it's important to recognize that patients and their family members really struggle to find a nursing home that they feel good about going to," he said. (wtop.com)
  • Ask the families of thousands of dead nursing home patients about cancel culture. (frontpagemag.com)
  • Unfortunately, this increase in nursing home patients also increases the likelihood that these patients may experience nursing home abuse. (hg.org)
  • We've seen it in the acute hospitals and in our nursing homes. (rte.ie)
  • In hospitals routine checks are carried out to identify those most at risk of MRSA colonisation (carrying it on their skin and/or nose) and infection control policies are put in place but this is not always feasible in private nursing homes. (scienceblog.com)
  • Many nursing homes provide services previously thought to occur only in hospitals such as continuous administration of oxygen and fluids or medications given by vein (intravenous therapies). (msdmanuals.com)
  • And these nursing homes rarely face severe reprimands, even when inspectors identify repeated lapses. (npr.org)
  • But since the beginning of the Trump administration, nursing homes have rarely paid a price for even the most serious misuse of the drugs. (npr.org)
  • The most ambitious measures are designed to divert thousands of mentally disabled people from nursing homes and into an array of smaller, residential programs that provide intensive therapy and supervision for those who require it, but greater independence for those who don't. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Some nursing homes also provide short-term rehabilitative stays following surgery, illness, or injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supporters said the changes would provide more flexibility to nursing homes and help address staffing shortages. (tampabay.com)
  • Also inaccurate is the nursing home staff's assertion that your aunt is not allowed to leave, says Eric Carlson, directing attorney with the Los Angeles office of the National Senior Citizens Law Center. (latimes.com)
  • Eight people died at the Geer Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in North Canaan, Connecticut. (nypost.com)
  • The deaths at the Rehabilitation Center have focused attention on new federal disaster-planning rules, with which nursing homes must comply by mid-November. (npr.org)
  • Adenike Ogunsola, a nursing aide at Lakeview Rehabilitation and Nursing Center, helped lead a Saturday march in downtown Chicago by two-dozen SEIU Healthcare members to build support for their six-day-old strike at 11 nursing homes run by Infinity Healthcare Management. (wbez.org)
  • We just want the same thing that all other nursing homes have gotten," said Becky Steele, a CNA who says she makes $12.20 an hour after working 11 years at Parker Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Streater, a town about 100 miles southwest of Chicago. (wbez.org)
  • This wing's first floor will also house nursing instruction space, seminar rooms and academic support services-the Learning Center , the Writing Center and the Office of Academic Services and Retention . (adelphi.edu)
  • In February 2014, a nursing assistant at Prestige Post-Acute and Rehab Center in Centralia, Wash., sent a co-worker a Snapchat video of a resident sitting on a bedside portable toilet with her pants below her knees while laughing and singing. (propublica.org)
  • At the same time regulators work on the oversight rules, Synergy is signaling that it intends to buy an 11th home, Grosvenor Park Rehabilitation and Nursing Center in Salem, with a proposed sale June 1. (bostonglobe.com)
  • If your circumstance requires you to work with a lawyer, you can find one at the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys (www.naela.org) or the California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform (www.canhr.org). (latimes.com)
  • Illinois currently has 146 nursing home inspectors in the field and, under the bill, must phase in an additional 71 inspectors by July 2011 to reach the mandated ratio of one inspector for every 500 nursing home beds. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In one visit last May, inspectors found that an El Paso, Texas, nursing home had no plan for how to bring wheelchair-dependent people down the stairs in case of an evacuation. (npr.org)
  • Nursing home inspectors issued 2,300 violations of emergency-planning rules during the past four years. (npr.org)
  • Nursing homes take surveys seriously and face closure if they do not fix flaws inspectors identify, he added. (npr.org)
  • In August 2012, Sapporo City and Hokkaido Prefectural Government announced an outbreak of 94 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) cases, including a fatal case, in ten nursing homes. (who.int)
  • This work highlights that pain is undertreated among many populations, including older adults in nursing homes. (sciencedaily.com)
  • This decline coincided with the Trump administration rolling back of a number of nursing home regulations that went into effect near the end of Barack Obama's term in office. (npr.org)
  • The evening news in Minneapolis in late September tells us of a bird-watcher in his eighties with Lewy body dementia whose daughter takes him home after spying him through a window, disheveled and confused and so bottomlessly sad. (prospect.org)
  • U.S. News analysts evaluated more than 15,000 nursing homes nationwide, and just 15 percent of them - or about 2,300 in total - merited spots on the site's " Best Nursing Homes " list. (wtop.com)
  • The rankings, published Tuesday, coincide with the release of updated information on U.S. News' "Nursing Home Finder" website. (wtop.com)
  • U.S. News has been compiling its nursing home ranking system since 2009. (wtop.com)
  • One challenge voiced by several nursing home employees who spoke with ABC News was the fear that getting sick would take not only a physical toll, but also a financial one. (go.com)
  • So yeah, the right time to write a book and the wrong time to have bad news about nursing homes come out. (foxnews.com)
  • A nursing home is a place for people who don't need to be in a hospital but can't be cared for at home. (medlineplus.gov)
  • But he expressed confidence that most of the new services could be paid from the cost savings that result from moving people out of nursing homes who don't belong there. (chicagotribune.com)
  • If you don't have enough nurses and people aren't getting turned, people end up with bed sores the size of dinner plates," McNeil said. (ajc.com)
  • Nursing homes say a big issue for them has been people who are not showing symptoms spreading the virus. (kjrh.com)
  • Many people are admitted to nursing homes specifically for rehabilitation, then are discharged to their home after several weeks. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Some nursing homes have special units for people with dementia. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Workers at 11 nursing homes are seeking higher wages and adequate personal protective equipment as part of their negotiations with management. (wbez.org)
  • PURPOSE: We determine the rate of nursing home closures for 7 years (1999-2005) and examine internal (e.g., quality), organizational (e.g., chain membership), and external (e.g., competition) factors associated with these closures. (rand.org)
  • First, the report suggests the number may be misleading, since data show that schizophrenia diagnoses in nursing homes have risen as the misuse of antipsychotic drugs appears to have fallen. (npr.org)
  • Nursing homes also offer other services, such as planned activities and daily housekeeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • These summaries use data that nursing homes submitted to the NHSN COVID-19 module. (cdc.gov)
  • There may also be a lag in time from when nursing homes report data to NHSN and subsequent posting of the data on this webpage. (cdc.gov)
  • This information was linked to the Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting data, which contains information on internal, organizational, and market factors for almost all nursing homes in the United States. (rand.org)
  • Nursing home neglect cases are on the rise, and on this segment, sponsored by The Higgins Firm, we talk to attorney Jim Higgins about a tragic case he just recently settled. (newschannel5.com)
  • In some cases, nursing homes failed to prepare for even the most basic contingencies. (npr.org)