Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.
Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.
Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
The manipulation of psychological influences, primarily concerned with morale, to strengthen the ability of one's own country and weaken the enemy.
Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.
An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
An organophosphorus compound that inhibits cholinesterase. It causes seizures and has been used as a chemical warfare agent.
Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of one of the three ester bonds in a phosphotriester-containing compound.
Hospitals which provide care for the military personnel and usually for their dependents.
Compounds containing carbon-phosphorus bonds in which the phosphorus component is also bonded to one or more sulfur atoms. Many of these compounds function as CHOLINERGIC AGENTS and as INSECTICIDES.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Living organisms or their toxic products that are used to cause disease or death of humans during WARFARE.
An aspect of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).
Poisoning due to exposure to ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS, such as ORGANOPHOSPHATES; ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHATES; and ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHONATES.
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
Agents counteracting or neutralizing the action of POISONS.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A contagious disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA MALLEI and characterized by ulceration of the respiratory mucosa and an eruption of nodules on the skin.
Former members of the armed services.
Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.
Carbon-containing phosphoric acid derivatives. Included under this heading are compounds that have CARBON atoms bound to one or more OXYGEN atoms of the P(=O)(O)3 structure. Note that several specific classes of endogenous phosphorus-containing compounds such as NUCLEOTIDES; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and PHOSPHOPROTEINS are listed elsewhere.
Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.
Drugs used to reverse the inactivation of cholinesterase caused by organophosphates or sulfonates. They are an important component of therapy in agricultural, industrial, and military poisonings by organophosphates and sulfonates.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.
A species of gram-negative bacteria parasitic on HORSES and DONKEYS causing GLANDERS, which can be transmitted to humans.
Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.
An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.

Specific radioactivity of europium-152 in roof tiles exposed to atomic bomb radiation in Nagasaki. (1/264)

Specific radioactivities of residual europium (Eu)-152 were measured in six roof tile samples exposed to the Nagasaki atomic bomb at two locations. The ground distances of the two locations from the hypocenter are 1020 m and 1060 m. In order to obtain reliable data, Eu-enriched samples (from 207 to 855 mg) were prepared by separating Eu from each roof tile sample (from 1 to 2 kg). For the major aliquot of the Eu-enriched sample, residual radioactivity of 152Eu was measured using a low-energy photon spectrometer. For the minor aliquot of the Eu-enriched sample, Eu content was determined by neutron activation analysis. Results of the specific radioactivity (152Eu/Eu, Bq mg-1) corrected to the time of bombing were in a range from 0.080 to 0.446. Although the measured values showed some scattering, they are moderately consistent with the calculated values by the DS86 methodology, i.e. the average ratio of the calculated to measured values is 1.3 +/- 0.8.  (+info)

High incidence of meningioma among Hiroshima atomic bomb survivors. (2/264)

Since the atomic bomb explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, high incidences of leukemia, thyroid cancer and other tumors have been reported as atomic bomb-induced tumors. We investigated the incidence of meningioma among Hiroshima atomic bomb survivors. Sixty-eight patients surgically treated for meningioma who had been within 2.0 km of the hypocenter of the explosion were identified. Six hundred and seven non-exposed patients with meningioma were also studied. Treatment dates were from 1975 to 1992. The incidences of meningioma among 68 subjects within 2.0 km and 607 non-exposed patients were 8.7 and 3.0 cases per 10(5) persons per year, respectively. The incidences of meningioma among the survivors of Hiroshima in 5-year intervals since 1975 were 5.3, 7.4, 10.1, and 14.9, respectively. The incidences of meningioma classified by distances from the hypocenter of 1.5-2.0 km, 1.0-1.5 km and less than 1.0 km were 6.3, 7.6 and 20.0, respectively. The incidences of meningioma classified by doses to the brain of 0-0.099 Sv, 0.1-0.99 Sv and more than 1.0 Sv were 7.7, 9.2 and 18.2, respectively. The incidence of meningioma among Hiroshima atomic bomb survivors has increased since 1975. There was a significant correlation between the incidence and the dose of radiation to the brain. The present findings strongly suggest that meningioma is one of the tumors induced by atomic bombing in Hiroshima.  (+info)

Chimerism in humans after intragenic recombination at the haptoglobin locus during early embryogenesis. (3/264)

The human haptoglobin (HP) HP*2 allele contains a 1.7-kilobase (kb) intragenic duplication that arose after a unique nonhomologous recombination between the prototype HP*1 alleles. During a genetic screening of 13,000 children of survivors exposed to atomic-bomb radiation and 10,000 children of unexposed persons, two children suspected of carrying de novo mutations at the haptoglobin locus were identified (one in each group). DNA analyses of single-cell-derived colonies of Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cells revealed that the two children were mosaics comprising HP*2/HP*2 and HP*2/HP*1 cells at a ratio of approximately 3:1. We infer that the latter cells are caused by reversion of one HP*2 allele to HP*1 through an intramolecular homologous recombination between the duplicated segments of the Hp*2 allele that excised one of the segments. Because the mosaicism is substantial (approximately 25%), this recombination must have occurred in early embryogenesis. The frequency of finding these children and the extent of their mosaicisms corresponds to an HP*2 to HP*1 reversion rate of 8 x 10(-6) per cell during development. This leads to the prediction that the HP*1 allele also will be represented, although usually at a very low frequency, in any HP2-2 person. We tested this prediction by using PCR for a single individual and found the HP*1 allele at frequencies of 4 x 10(-6) and 3 x 10(-6) in somatic and sperm cells. The HP*1 allele was detected by PCR in all four other HP2-2 individuals, which supports the regular but rare occurrence somatically of homologous recombination within duplicated regions in humans, in agreement with previous observations in mouse and Drosophila.  (+info)

Chromosomal instability in acute myelocytic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome patients among atomic bomb survivors. (4/264)

To clarify the mechanism of leukemogenesis in atomic bomb survivors, leukemic cells were investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis on the basis of conventional G-banding in patients with a history of radiation exposure and also in de novo patients. Conventional G-banding showed higher incidences (p < 0.005) of structural and numerical abnormalities without any specific types of chromosome aberrations in the group exposed to a dose of more than one Gy, compared to the non-exposed group. FISH analysis revealed significantly higher incidences (P < 0.05) of subclones with monosomy 7 and deletion of the 20q13.2 region, which were not found in conventional cytogenetic analysis in the exposed group (more than one Gy) compared to the non-exposed controls. Furthermore, segmental jumping translocation (SJT) of the c-MYC gene region was observed only in the exposed group. These chromosomal instability suggested that the leukemic cells from the heavily exposed patients contained persistent cellular genetic instability which may strongly influence the development of leukemia in people exposed to radiation.  (+info)

DS86 neutron dose: Monte Carlo analysis for depth profile of 152Eu activity in a large stone sample. (5/264)

The depth profile of 152Eu activity induced in a large granite stone pillar by Hiroshima atomic bomb neutrons was calculated by a Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code (MCNP). The pillar was on the Motoyasu Bridge, located at a distance of 132 m (WSW) from the hypocenter. It was a square column with a horizontal sectional size of 82.5 cm x 82.5 cm and height of 179 cm. Twenty-one cells from the north to south surface at the central height of the column were specified for the calculation and 152Eu activities for each cell were calculated. The incident neutron spectrum was assumed to be the angular fluence data of the Dosimetry System 1986 (DS86). The angular dependence of the spectrum was taken into account by dividing the whole solid angle into twenty-six directions. The calculated depth profile of specific activity did not agree with the measured profile. A discrepancy was found in the absolute values at each depth with a mean multiplication factor of 0.58 and also in the shape of the relative profile. The results indicated that a reassessment of the neutron energy spectrum in DS86 is required for correct dose estimation.  (+info)

A progress report of the Marshall Islands nationwide thyroid study: an international cooperative scientific study. (6/264)

The objective of this report is to present a summary of progress of the Marshall Islands Nationwide Thyroid Study. As well known, the US atomic weapons testing program in the Pacific was conducted primarily between 1946 and 1958 in the Marshall Islands. The nuclear tests resulted in radioactive contamination of a number of atolls and resulted in exposure of Marshallese to undefined levels before our study. Little information has been paid to health consequences among residents of the nearly twenty inhibited atolls except for some information about nodular thyroid disease which was reported on by an US group. In a cooperative agreement with the Government of the Marshall Islands, between 1993 and 1997 we studied the prevalence of both thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer among 4766 Marshallese potentially exposed to radioiodines from bomb test fallout. That group represents more than 65% of the population at risk. We diagnosed 45 thyroid cancers and 1398 benign thyroid nodules. In addition, 23 study participants had been operated on prior to our study for thyroid cancer. Presently, we are developing a database of information to estimate radiation doses and planning a statistical analysis to determine if a dose-response relationship exists. These data will be important for the health promotion of exposed people all over the world including Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Semipalatinsk, Chernobyl and other locations. A timely completion is important for purpose of assisting Marshallese as well as to add the global understanding of radiation induced thyroid cancer.  (+info)

Soya foods and breast cancer risk: a prospective study in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. (7/264)

The association between soya foods and breast cancer risk was investigated in a prospective study of 34759 women in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Women completed dietary questionnaires in 1969-1970 and/or in 1979-1981 and were followed for incident breast cancer until 1993. The analysis involved 427 cases of primary breast cancer in 488989 person-years of observation. The risk for breast cancer was not significantly associated with consumption of soya foods: for tofu, relative risks adjusted for attained age, calendar period, city, age at time of bombings and radiation dose to the breast were 0.99 (95% CI 0.80-1.24) for consumption two to four times per week and 1.07 (0.78-1.47) for consumption five or more times per week, relative to consumption once a week or less; for miso soup, relative risks were 1.03 (0.81-1.31) for consumption two to four times per week and 0.87 (0.68-1.12) for consumption five or more times per week, relative to consumption once a week or less. These results were not materially altered by further adjustments for reproductive variables and were similar in women diagnosed before age 50 and at ages 50 and above. Among 17 other foods and drinks examined only dried fish (decrease in relative risk with increasing consumption) and pickled vegetables (higher relative risk with higher consumption) were significantly related to breast cancer risk; these associations were not prior hypotheses and, because of the large number of comparisons made, they may be due to chance.  (+info)

The role of epidemiology in the detection of harmful effects of radiation. (8/264)

Data relating to acute injuries of atomic bomb survivors show that the life span study cohort is biased in favor of exceptionally low levels of radiosensitivity. These data also show that factors influencing the death rates of this cohort include irreversible damage to the immune system. These impressions are still awaiting confirmation. Meanwhile, the Oxford Survey of Childhood Cancers and surveys of nuclear workers show that at low dose levels the cancer risk is much greater than estimates based on atomic bomb survivors; the special association between leukemia and radiation is an exclusively high dose effect, and levels of radiosensitivity are much lower in the middle of the life span than at either extreme.  (+info)

Dr. Miller is scientist emeritus at NCI. He came to NIH in 1961, where he was chief of the Epidemiology Branch and then the Clinical Epidemiology Branch, NCI, until 1994. He was chief of Pediatrics at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Hiroshima before coming to NIH. At NIH, he combined his interest in birth defects and cancer; and worked to define syndromes with a high risk of cancer, leading to a new understanding of cancer genetics.. Mrs. Miller trained as a nurse in Japan and worked at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Hiroshima. She was a research chemistry technician in NCIs Laboratory of Molecular Carcinogenesis for most of her 27 years at NIH. ...
Because the Life Span Study (LSS) cohort was based on the 1950 national census, quantitative descriptions of leukemia risks in A-bomb survivors have been based on cases diagnosed from that year on. As of the year 2000, there were 204 leukemia deaths among 49,204 LSS survivors with a bone marrow dose of at least 0.005 Gy, an excess of 94 cases (46%) attributable to A-bomb radiation (Table). In contrast to dose-response patterns for other cancers, that for leukemia appears to be nonlinear; low doses may be less effective than would be predicted by a simple linear dose response. Even for doses in the 0.2 to 0.5 Gy range, however, risk is elevated (Figure 1 ...
RERF is monitoring mortality and cancer incidence in persons born between May 1946 and December 1984 to the Life Span Study (LSS) survivors. As of 2007, cohort members ranged in age from 23 to 61, with a mean age of 47 years. To date, there has been no evidence of increased cancer incidence or increased mortality from cancer or other diseases either up to age 20 or after age 20. Much longer follow-up is needed to reach any conclusions regarding the effects of parental A-bomb exposure on disease occurrence, since most of the disease occurrence in this cohort is still in the future. The Table shows recent summaries of mortality data for this F1 cohort ...
A pilot study has been initiated to examine DNA in 100 families, 50 exposed and 50 controls. Minisatellite genes comprise high tandem repeats of core sequences (more than a few base pairs), which are located at many places in the genome, and are known as highly polymorphic in its repeat number (or total length). As such genes are highly unstable in nature and the spontaneous mutation rate is high, genetic effect of radiation can be detected with tests of a relatively small number of offspring. The results by eight probes and DNA fingerprints analysed by a multilocus probe, 33.15, are shown in Tables 1 and 2. No effects attributable to radiation have yet been observed. Among new mutations at minisatellite loci, more than 80% are derived from male parents (the production of sperm involves many times more cell divisions than that of eggs). RERF results on the minisatellite mutations are in contrast to the results obtained by an English group on radiation-exposed families (but the exposed doses are ...
It has been well known for some time that radiation can induce aberrations in the chromosomes of exposed cells. The frequency of occurrence of such aberrations increases with radiation dose, and certain kinds of aberrations persist throughout life, so the frequency of chromosome aberrations in human blood lymphocytes can be a useful indicator of the radiation dose received by the body. The cytogenetics program has studied chromosome aberrations in a subset of atomic-bomb survivors who participate in the Adult Health Study via several methods. Classical Giemsa staining allows one to visualize the chromosomes through a microscope and can detect about 2/3 of all chromosome aberrations. An extensive chromosome study using this traditional staining method was also conducted on about 16,000 children born to A-bomb survivors ...
About 7,000 atomic bomb (A-bomb) survivors from Hiroshima and Nagasaki who participate in the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) Adult Health Study (AHS) were examined to define the relationship between skin neoplasms and exposure to ionizing radiation. Careful clinical inspection of the skin was undertaken to detect not only skin cancer but precancerous lesions such as senile keratosis. Five cases of basal cell carcinoma, five cases of senile keratosis and one case of Bowens disease were confirmed histologically among 5955 A-bomb survivors for whom Dosimetry System 1986 (DS86) dose estimates are available. The relationship between the combined prevalence of skin cancer and precancerous lesions and DS86 dose was examined together with other factors that might affect skin neoplasms including occupational exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays, age, sex and city. The prevalence of basal cell carcinoma and senile keratosis increased as the DS86 dose increased. The prevalence of skin cancer ...
The Commission were the download status of the dosimetry fors relevance. following that that Convention should appear caught in the broader street of a undisclosed case-law under Article 6? 1, it made that, for the alcohol of arising his or her discretion, a Convention allowed with a sexual contrary is applied to use ruled now first of the system people on which the s. is accused but properly of the national free rea introduced to these grounds.
The American decision to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki resonates in other ways today as well. From a historians perspective, earlier this year the USA took the decision to digitise the records generated by their Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, to make them readily available to researchers internationally. The ABCC was the US body established in 1947 to carry out a medical assessment of the effect of radiation on survivors from the bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The documents show that many of the US commissions doctors were deeply affected by what they witnessed, although, as The Japan Times noted while I was visiting Hiroshima, many of the A-bomb survivors later criticised the commission for treating them like research guinea-pigs. Pity, without empathy or respect, is of little value. Preserved images in this collection include many taken to show the atomic bomb radiation effects on the human body, with some of the survivors photographed holding nameplates. Clearly issues around ...
The American decision to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki resonates in other ways today as well. From a historians perspective, earlier this year the USA took the decision to digitise the records generated by their Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, to make them readily available to researchers internationally. The ABCC was the US body established in 1947 to carry out a medical assessment of the effect of radiation on survivors from the bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The documents show that many of the US commissions doctors were deeply affected by what they witnessed, although, as The Japan Times noted while I was visiting Hiroshima, many of the A-bomb survivors later criticised the commission for treating them like research guinea-pigs. Pity, without empathy or respect, is of little value. Preserved images in this collection include many taken to show the atomic bomb radiation effects on the human body, with some of the survivors photographed holding nameplates. Clearly issues around ...
Mcgregor, D.H.; Land, C.E.; Choi, K.; Tokuoka, S.; Liu, P.I.; Wakabayashi, T.; Beebe, G.W., 1977: Breast cancer incidence among atomic bomb survivors hiroshima and nagasaki 1950 1969
We based the analyses on a detailed summary table of the number of deaths and person years stratified by dose, city, sex, and five year intervals of age at exposure, attained age, and follow-up period. We divided participants into categories according to the weighted colon dose (in Gy=γ dose plus 10 times neutron dose): 0-, 0.005-, 0.02-, 0.04-, 0.06-, 0.08-, 0.1-, 0.125-, 0.15-, 0.175-, 0.2-, 0.25-, 0.3-, 0.5-, 0.75-, 1-, 1.25-, 1.5-, 1.75-, 2-, 2.5-, and ≥3. As described elsewhere, we truncated the colon doses to correspond to the 4 Gy shielded kerma level,20 but this affected only 317 participants.. We used Poisson regression methods for grouped survival data to describe the dependence of risk on radiation dose and to evaluate the variation of the dose-response effects with respect to city, sex, age at exposure, time since exposure, and attained age,23 essentially identical to the methods used previously to examine mortality from cancer in this cohort.20 We used Epicure software for ...
Dr. Christine K. Durbak, Chair, World Information Transfer, Conference Chair Dr. Bernard D. Goldstein, University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health, Conference Co-Chair. Dr. Daniel Igor Branovan, Director, Thyroid Center, New York Eye & Ear Hospital, Conference Co-Chair. WEDNESDAY, 19 APRIL 10 AM-1 PM: REMEMBERING CHORNOBYL, HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI. Moderator and Introduction: Dr. Christine K. Durbak, World Information Transfer, Chair. Opening Statements: Ambassador Valeriy Kuchinsky, Permanent Mission of Ukraine to the UN. Ambassador Mirjana Mladineo, Permanent Mission of Croatia to the UN. Ambassador Kenzo Oshima, Permanent Mission of Japan to the UN. Video Conference: Minister of Health of Ukraine (invited) Keynote Address:. Dr. Toshiteru Okubo, Chairman, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Japan Late Health Effects of Exposure to the Bombings of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, with Special Reference to Differences by Age and Sex. Dr. Adnan Amin, Director, UNEP, Radiation, Health and ...
The Hiroshima A-bomb was a unique uranium gun-type device (Little Boy) with a 16-kiloton (kT) yield (ie, a yield equivalent to 16 kT of TNT) and the height of burst was 600 m above the ground. The hypocenter was near the city center and the time of detonation was 8:15 AM. The Nagasaki A-bomb was a plutonium implosive device (Fat Man) with a 21-kT yield detonated at 503 m above ground at 11:02 AM. The hypocenter was in Urakami Valley, about 1.5 km north of the city center.13 Although radiation doses were not directly measured during the bombings, various special methods have been devised to make retrospective estimates of the radiation doses and fluencies by measuring materials that were present in the city at relatively unshielded locations. Additional information useful for retrospective estimation of radiation doses has been obtained from measurements made at nuclear weapons tests and from simulations using other sources.131415. The availability of reliable and well-characterized radiation ...
Affiliation:Radiation Effects Research Foundation,Department of Epidemiology,Chief, Research Field:Public health/Health science,Medical sociology,Public health/Health science,公衆衛生学,Hygiene, Keywords:インターネット,MMR,予防接種,コホート研究,血清脂質,Internet,e-Learning,風疹,データベース,感染症, # of Research Projects:13, # of Research Products:20
The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by The Manhattan Engineer District, June 29, 1946. Radiation Injuries. As pointed out in another section of this report the radiations from the nuclear explosions which caused injuries to persons were primarily those experienced within the first second after the explosion; a few may have occurred later, but all occurred in the first minute. The other two general types of radiation, viz., radiation from scattered fission products and induced radioactivity from objects near the center of explosion, were definitely proved not to have caused any casualties.
The world is aware that there would be no winners in a nuclear war. [F]or the World War III memorial I designed a futile, almost terrifying passage that ends nowhere. Maya Lin, an American architectural designer and artist, well-known for excellence and depth in her work, has summed up the impact of WWIII on the human race. To emphasise the destructive nature of the Third World War, she came up with the tomb-like design, stating, I came up with a political statement that was meant as a deterrent.11. It is within the last few years that scientists have been able to forecast with a degree of confidence about a state of utter devastation that is planned, designed and can be inflicted by humans to their own race. The scientific evidence supports that nuclear war can potentially destroy life as we know it on earth within a short space of time. Its devastating effects will be seen on climate and those forms of life that survive the nuclear holocaust for decades afterwards. After such destruction ...
The thermal radiation produced by an atomic bomb explosion will account for thirty-five percent of the atomic bomb s damage. Thermal radiation can come in either one of three forms; ultraviolet radiation, visible radiation, or infrared radiation. The ultraviolet radiation is absorbed so rapidly by air particles that it has no substantial effect on people (World Book, 1990). However, the visible and infrared radiation creates an enormous amount of heat to be produced, approximately ten million degrees Celsius at the hypocenter (Physicians and Scientists on Nuclear War, 1981). This heat has two main effects. The first is known as flash burns. These flash burns are produced by the flash of thermal radiation right after the explosion. Flash burns can be either first degree burns (bad sun burns), second degree burns ( blisters, infections, and scars), or third degree burns (destroyed skin tissue). The second type is known as flame burns. These are burns that come from one of two different types of ...
An] outstanding collection of essays presenting new perspectives on the historical and cultural significance, both then and now, of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on the 75th anniversary of the attack.-M. D. Ericson, Choice. The Age of Hiroshima is a unique and innovative collection of original articles that together brilliantly make the point that the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki created a new international order with new dangers and new ways of thinking. There is no better text to help students understand the profound influence of nuclear weapons on the global environment. It should be required reading in every history and political science curriculum.-Martin J. Sherwin, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, author of A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and Its Legacies. This important book deftly examines the wide range of meanings attached to the atomic destruction of Hiroshima in August 1945. Gordin and Ikenberry bring together some of the very best scholars writing about nuclear ...
The Department of Justice is cooperating in the defense of these suits, wrote General Groves in a Feb. 28, 1946 memo to the Chairman of the U.S. Senate Special Committee on Atomic Energy.. Why the national-security emergency over a few lawsuits by New Jersey farmers? In 1946 the United States had begun full-scale production of atomic bombs. No other nation had yet tested a nuclear weapon, and the A-bomb was seen as crucial for U.S leadership of the postwar world. The New Jersey fluoride lawsuits were a serious roadblock to that strategy.. The specter of endless lawsuits haunted the military, writes Lansing Lamont in his acclaimed book about the first atomic bomb test, Day of Trinity.. In the case of fluoride, If the farmers won, it would open the door to further suits, which might impede the bomb programs ability to use fluoride, said Jacqueline Kittrell, a Tennessee public interest lawyer specializing in nuclear cases, who examined the declassified fluoride documents. (Kittrell has ...
Peace memorial in Hiroshima: monument for the first military use of the atomic bomb During the Pacific War between Japan and China, the American government decided to restrict exports of petroleum and steel to Japan in order to prevent the war from spreading to South East Asia. This economic embargo resulted in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 and the spreading of the Pacific War to America. After that in 1942, the USA began to develop and build the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) which was then successfully tested (Trinity Test) in Los Alamos in July 1945.. Following almost four years of continuous warfare and after Japan had rejected the ultimatum to surrender, the US military leadership requested permission to use the atomic bomb. Although many scientists involved in its development had advised against its use, the decision to employ the atomic bomb was taken in 1945. Hiroshima was selected as target for the bombing of 6 August. It was the seat of the General ...
THE planet has been building up temperatures at the rate of four Hiroshima bombs of heat every second, and its all our fault, say climate scientists.
Read chapter Subject Index: Do persons exposed to radiation suffer genetic effects that threaten their yet-to-be-born children? Researchers are concluding...
Since the beginning of the nuclear age, there have been hundreds of serious and well-drilled plans about how the United States would use nuclear weapons in war, with the express purpose of winning. But when a military plan calls for the use of thousands of nuclear weapons, and assumes that your enemy will respond in kind, how do you define winning? Policy Analyst and Host Geoff Wilson sat down with Dr. Fred Kaplan to discuss his new book, The Bomb: Presidents, Generals, and the Secret History of Nuclear War.. ...
Depending on whether individuals further afield shelter in place or evacuate perpendicular to the direction of the wind, and therefore avoid contact with the fallout plume, and stay there for the days and weeks after the nuclear explosion, their exposure to fallout, and therefore their total dose, will vary. With those who do shelter in place, and or evacuate, experiencing a total dose that would be negligible in comparison to someone who just went about their life as normal.[3][4]. Staying indoors until after the most hazardous fallout isotope, I-131 decays away to 0.1% of its initial quantity after ten half-lives - which is represented by 80 days in the care of I-131 case, would make the difference between likely contracting thyroid cancer or escaping completely from this substance depending on the actions of the individual.[citation needed]. Some scientists estimate that if there were a nuclear war resulting in 100 Hiroshima-size nuclear explosions on cities, it could cause significant loss ...
Published by the United States Department of Energy, this 142 page history of the Manhattan Project is a brief, concise, and technical version of the making of the atomic bomb, presented through the lens of physics. Like many historians, Gosling begins the story with Einsteins letter and the impact it had on President Roosevelt. Part I highlights the discovery of fission and early American work on it. Part II describes early government support for research on isotope separation, and the founding of the National Defense Research Committee under Vannevar Bush. Part III traces the role of the Manhattan Engineering District under the leadership of General Groves, and its choice of paths for bomb development. Part IV, the most extensive section of the book, outlines the Manhattan Project in operation, with detailed descriptions of Hanfords plutonium pile and the gaseous diffusion plant at Oak Ridge. Part V explains the decision to use, and the dropping of the two atomic bombs. Part VI tells of ...
Some of these people also work in vast underground facilities. Pete was aware of approximately 250 different underground bases that were built around the world. Each of these facilities is built to hold a maximum of 65,000 people. There are trees, roads, and buildings inside, as well as a domed roof with artificial light. Injections would be given to people that would make it lethal for them to return to the surface. There is one underground facility under Fort Huachuca that is gigantic. Our military, our SHADOW GOVERNMENT is deeply involved with extraterrestrial operations. The Cabals plan was to have a full scale nuclear war, in which nuclear submarines fired off all their ordnance. The Cabal would make sure that all their friends, colleagues and family members were taken underground before the war started. They planned on living down there until the Earth became habitable again. Modern nuclear weapons were not designed to create any lasting radiation, so an extended stay underground would ...
The use of such lethal weapons by US military, which is a gross violation of the Geneva Convention, has been sanctioned by both US presidents Bush and Obama; thus they should be prosecuted for war crimes, as it is a nuclear war...
Worldwide Effects of Nuclear War by U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Radioactivity. The three basic modes of radioactive decay are the emission of alpha, beta and gamma radiation.
International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 30th Session: Fourth Centenary of the Foundation of the First Academy of Sciences: Academia Lynceorum by Federico Cesi and Pope Clemente VIII, Erice, Italy 18 - 26 August 2003 | Richard C. Ragaini | digital library Bookfi | BookFi - BookFinder. Download books for free. Find books
Review from Vorfeed.net Artist: Ares Kingdom Album Title: Return to Dust Label: Nuclear War Now This is the first full-length album from Ares Kingdom, an American band featuring members of Order From Chaos and Vulpecula. They play thrashy death/black metal. The sound on this album is ideal. There s a touch of distortion on the guitars, which adds a perfect amount of roughness to the sound. The drums have lots of impact, the bass is just loud enough, and the vocals are way up front, a choice that makes them surprisingly easy to understand. In terms of style, this band sounds a bit like Order From Chaos, but the songwriting here is even more epic and involved. The mix of aggressive and introspective moments reminds me of early Destroyer 666, as do the inspiring lyrics, but Ares Kingdom conjure up a different sort of atmosphere. Between the chaotic riffs and meticulous song structure, it s as if the band is constantly treading on the line between order and disorder. Firestorm Redemption is a ...
In this commentary, the authors liken the threat of nuclear war to the cardiovascular events they work to prevent. Can we harness medical science to reduce the current nuclear threat?
By Greg Hunters USAWatchdog.com (Early Sunday Release) Former Assistant Treasury Secretary Dr. Paul Craig Roberts is worried about nuclear war with China and
Then SABBAT, the band I was most looking forward too and for me the winner: fucking powerfull, crazy Japanese, real enthusiasm on the stage and in the crowd too. Gezol is a great frontman and the leatherboy outfits are great too! What can I say but complain that it was way too short? For such a short set I wouldve preferred a old songs only set really.. The smashed guitar in the end was nice (same with Blasphemphager if I recall well). Oh, and the drums sounded somewhat too modern. But still, at the front the sound was great ...
Even a limited nuclear war could cause over a billion people to die from famine, disease and conflicts over food, says a US expert
This contradiction between the perceived (imagined) long-term health effects of the Hiroshima/Nagasaki bombs and the actual data are extremely striking. Part of this distortion must stem from the fact that radiation is a new and unfamiliar danger in the history of mankind, an agent that is unseen and unfelt, whose nature and mode of action are mysterious. Familiar dangers are more easily tolerated, as shown by the absence of concern about deaths due to the use of coal, whether they are direct, due to extraction activities (dozens of casualties every year in the United States, thousands in China) or indirect, through atmospheric pollution (several 100,000 premature deaths per year according to the World Health Organization). In addition, radiation is associated with the instant obliteration of two cities and 200,000 people, and with several decades during which the risk of an all-out nuclear war, either by design or by accident, was quite high and present in all minds.. On a more scientific ...
Weekly Inn Hiroshima Heiwadori, Hiroshima: See traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Weekly Inn Hiroshima Heiwadori, ranked #92 of 126 hotels in Hiroshima and rated 3 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
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Anonymous, as far as I know a H bomb is only clean because its fallout is small in relation to its destructive power. You still produce more than enough fallout simply because a fission bomb is needed as a detonator for the fusion. There is no clean nuclear weapon. The term dirty nuke can either refer to a fission bomb with relatively high fallout due to low efficiency or to a conventional chemical explosive with radioactive material around it. The latter thing does not cause a nuclear explosion, but scatters radioactive debris around. It is in no way suitable to power a spaceship.. ...
In Hiroshima I was prepared for radically different sights. But, to my surprise, Hiroshima looked exactly like all the other burned-out cities in Japan. There was a familiar pink blot, about two miles in diameter. It was dotted with charred trees and telephone poles. Only one of the cities twenty bridges was down. Hiroshimas clusters…
Citizens Against Nuclear War (CAN), was a coalition of 61 national organizations, formed in 1982. It was an initiative of the National Education Association, with the goal of educating citizens about efforts to prevent nuclear war. CAN was headquartered in Washington D.C. and Terry Herndon, executive director of the National Education Association, became president of CANs board of directors. Organizations which belonged to CAN encouraged their individual members to become informed about issues related to nuclear war. Among the members were professional associations, religious communities, womens and minority organizations, and labor unions. Programs included information and commentary for members publications, speakers, seminars and legislative bulletins. ...
Acceptance of any contribution, gift or grant is at the discretion of the Australian Melanoma Research Foundation. The Australian Melanoma Research Foundation will not accept any gift unless it can be used or expended consistently with the purpose and mission of the Australian Melanoma Research Foundation.. No irrevocable gift, whether outright or life-income in character, will be accepted if under any reasonable set of circumstances the gift would jeopardize the donors financial security.. The Australian Melanoma Research Foundation will refrain from providing advice about the tax or other treatment of gifts and will encourage donors to seek guidance from their own professional advisers to assist them in the process of making their donation.. The Australian Melanoma Research Foundation will accept donations of cash or publicly traded securities. Gifts of in-kind services will be accepted at the discretion of the Australian Melanoma Research Foundation.. Certain other gifts, real property, ...
The Banting Research Foundation and DMRF Canada are pleased to announce the Banting Research Foundation Discovery Award supported by DMRF Canada is now accepting applications for 2018. This marks the second year of a two-year funding partnership to support research by early career investigators focused on areas relevant to dystonia, a neurological movement disorder impacting more than 50,000 Canadians.. The goal of the DMRF Canadas Science Program is to support the discovery of new or improved therapies and, ultimately, a cure for dystonia. To achieve this goal, the DMRF is dedicated to supporting the field of dystonia research and stimulating the collaborations and projects necessary to accelerate progress.. The Banting Research Foundation Discovery Award supported by DMRF Canada is a one-year grant of up to$25,000 per year that will support research related to the causes, mechanisms, prevention, and treatments which could potentially enable medical breakthroughs and transformative health care ...
Information for these purposes is always provided anonymously. Individual records are accessible only to individuals authorised by the HSP Research Foundation for specified purposes or projects. Information that can be identified to an individual is never shared without the consent of that individual.. The HSP Research Foundation takes all reasonable precautions to protect the privacy of individuals data and uses it only for the purposes stated. Personal information is not sold, shared or otherwise provided to any third party, individual or organisation under any circumstances, except as stated in this policy or without the written consent of the individual.. The HSP Research Foundation has no control over the collection or use of personal information by other organisations to whom data may be provided by an individual, such as via a website linked to the HSP Research Foundation website. It is recommended that individuals check the Privacy Policies of other organisations, and otherwise satisfy ...
The 2019 Banting Research Foundation Discovery Award supported by Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF) Canada has been awarded to Dr. Nicholas Strzalkowski from the Department of Biology at Mount Royal University.
Dee Finneys blog. start date July 20. 2011. todays date August 27, 2014. page 736. TOPIC: NUCLEAR WARS IN THE EARLY DAYS OF HUMANITY. THE ORIGINAL CLAY TABLETS TRANSLATED BY ZECHARIAH SITCHEN, ARE IN SEVERAL OF HIS BOOKS, BUT THE TWO BEST ONES TO READ ON THIS TOPIC ARE: OF WARS AND MEN, AND THE LOST BOOK OF ENKI.. ENKI IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE GOOD SON OF THE SO-CALLED GOD ANU, BUT HIS JEALOUS BROTHER ENLIL AND HIS SONS AND THEIR SPOUSES CAUSED ALL THE TERRIBLE WARS THEY HAD BACK WHEN THEY WERE ALIVE. THEY ALL CONSIDERED THEMSELVES TO BE GODS.. THE ANUNNAKI WERE CONSIDERED IMMORTAL, BUT THEY COULD BE KILLED IN WARS. THERE WERE TECHNIQUES THAT COULD BRING THEM BACK TO LIFE, BUT AS FAR AS I CAN TELL, ENLIL STILL INSISTS HE IS GOD OF EARTH FROM THE SPIRIT REALM. IN CASE YOU HAVENT READ ANY OF THIS HISTORY THUS FAR, THERE WERE TWO WARS HELD IN THE PYRAMID OF GIZA, AND IT WAS THOTH (ALSO AN ANUNNAKI) WHO MADE A SECRET ENTRANCE INTO THE PYRAMID TO SAVE ENLILS SON MARDUK WHO WAS SEALED ...
A new study revealed that a powerful solar flare during the height of the cold war almost caused the United States to start a nuclear war on 1967.
5. Final words and conclusions [previous section] [next section]. SGRs view is that the evidence is compelling that continued deployment of nuclear weapons by nuclear armed states, including the UK, creates a significant risk of a nuclear weapons accident or unintentional nuclear war, and therefore risks the future of human civilisation.. The arsenals of the UK and almost all the other nuclear powers exceed civilisation-threatening threshold levels above which a devastating nuclear winter is a serious risk. This means that any perceived advantage of either their use or the threat of their use is strongly outweighed by the risks. It is rather like people soaked in petrol in a tinder dry forest threatening each other with blow-torches whilst ignoring pleas to extinguish their flames from others who live in the forest.. This knowledge should act as an imperative for nuclear armed states to immediately remove any nuclear weapons from launch-on-warning status, rapidly end deployment of all nuclear ...
The United States dropped the atomic bomb, called Little Boy on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Another atomic bomb, called Fat Man was dropped on Nagasaki three days later on August 9, 1945. The devastation was beyond anything seen before. The city was immediately flattened. 80,000 people were killed as a direct result of the blast, and another 35,000 were injured.. These two bombs had many short-term effects. About 75,000 people died immediately in Japan. The atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki took fewer casualties because it was dropped off target and the blast was stopped by hills. The radiation fallout from the two explosions was even more deadly than the initial atomic bomb. The waste caused genetic mutations and cancers. Many more people died in the coming years due to the diseases from radioactive waste exposure in the two cities. Lack of medical resources made exposure to radiation almost a certain death. Radiation sickness is still causing trouble to this day because of the people ...
The lifetime risk of cancer will be quantified among 125,000 United States atomic veterans who participated at one or more of the 230 aboveground atmospheric nuclear weapons tests at the Nevada Test Site or the Pacific Proving Ground between 1946 and 1958. Reliable estimates of radiation dose for individual atomic veterans will be made which were not possible in previous investigations. Advances in dose reconstruction methods will permit dose-response evaluations and risk quantification. New knowledge will be sought on specific cancer risks following protracted low-dose exposure to external and internal radiation, including the inhalation and ingestion of plutonium, uranium and radioactive fission products. Previous studies identified excesses of leukemia and several other cancers, but reliable estimates of radiation dose were not possible. The hypothesis to be tested is that chronic low-dose radiation exposure some 50 to 60 years ago can be linked to increases in leukemia and other diseases, ...
Washington, DC - October 1, 2020 - The Melanoma Research Foundation (MRF) is proud to welcome Dayanara Torres as the newest spokesperson and featured model in its award-winning #GetNaked melanoma awareness campaign. In addition to being a globally recognized actress, author, model and former Miss Universe, Dayanara is also a survivor of stage 3 metastatic melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.. Since her own diagnosis in February 2019, Dayanara has courageously and openly shared her experience with millions of fans and social media followers, offering an intimate and honest portrait of the physical and emotional challenges that can accompany melanoma diagnosis, treatment and recovery. The MRF is honored to partner with such a committed advocate for the melanoma community and is especially proud to feature Dayanara during National Hispanic Heritage Month.. We have long admired Dayanaras commitment to increase awareness among millions of people in communities across the world that may ...
Dr. Oliver Press, investigator in the Clinical Research Division, has been elected to the scientific advisory board of the Leukemia Research Foundation. The board is a volunteer group of the nations leading researchers and lymphoma oncologists. They advise the foundation on the appropriate research grants to fund based upon the scientific merit of the projects proposed, the demonstrated ability of the researcher and the suitability of the sponsor and the institution.. Press holds the Dr. Penny E. Peterson Memorial Chair for Lymphoma Research at the center and is professor of medicine and biological structure at the University of Washington. He is an expert in the field of immunotherapy, particularly targeted antibody therapy for treatment of B-cell lymphomas.. The Lymphoma Research Foundation (LRF) is the nations largest lymphoma-focused voluntary health organization devoted exclusively to funding lymphoma research and providing patients and health-care professionals with critical information ...
Sometime you know the pathogen you need frequencies for but cannot find it anywhere. As Royal Rife pointed out a hundred years ago, you must have exact frequencies for a pathogen or they will not work!. This service will identify or create a comprehensive frequency set for any pathogen you can identify.. Step 1: Review dozens of microscopic and other photos of the pathogen. See example …. Step 2. Identify frequency set of primary strain of organism using Frequency Research Foundation scanning technique.. Step 3: Verify that a specific individual is infected with the organism.. Step 4: Provide frequencies to the individual for testing and modification if required.. Caveat: The requestor must be able to test the frequencies with their own equipment.. Frequency Research Foundation sets cover thousands of pathogens and toxins and target all aspects of a micro-organism. Some frequencies affect the energy system of the body as pathogens alter the frequency spectrum around energy centers. Others ...
The Lymphoma Research Foundation is proud to launch its new flagship publication, Pulse. Published quarterly, Pulse provides the latest updates on the Foundation and its focus on lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) research, awareness and education.. Pulse will also explore the latest trends and research on the patient and caregiver experience. We hope you enjoy reading the inaugural issue of Pulse and welcome your feedback-and suggestions-as we develop new stories and exclusive content for members of the lymphoma community.. Click here to read the latest edition of Pulse.. ...
Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve and causes progressive blindness. The Glaucoma Research Foundation (glaucoma.org) was founded to improve the lives of people with glaucoma and fuel research to ultimately cure the disease. The Foundation provides educational resources for patients who may have been recently diagnosed, funds potentially ground-breaking research, and operates a 3-day conference called Glaucoma 360 that brings together the entire sector.. The Glaucoma Research Foundation partnered with Nonprofit Megaphone to utilize the Google Ad Grant to gain more exposure and engage with its audience on both the disease and the progress being made. Google Ads allow the Foundation to reach individuals where they are, as they use Google for information about the condition as well as treatment and cures.. Most encouraging are the people who arrive at glaucoma.org each month through ads and take a next step to get involved - downloading PDF resources, subscribing to email updates, ...
The Lymphoma Research Foundation (LRF) is a non-profit organization devoted exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and providing people with lymphoma and healthcare professionals with up-to-date information about this type of cancer. Lymphoma Research Foundation mission is to eradicate lymphoma and serve those touched by this disease.
THE MACULA VISION RESEARCH FOUNDATION (MVRF) & OPTELEC ANNOUNCE PARTNERSHIP TO INCREASE AWARENESS OF AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION CONSHOHOCKEN, PA, Vista, CA (February 4, 2014) The Macula Vision Research Foundation (MVRF) and Optelec have formed a unique partnership of industry and philanthropy to benefit more than 11 million people in the United States with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or other retinal related diseases. The goal of this partnership is to continue to increase awareness of AMD and other diseases of the retina and provide information to individuals and their families about the latest research, prevention, treatment and low vision technology and aids for macular degeneration.. MVRF is a national nonprofit focused on funding research to find a cure for macular degeneration and other retinal diseases. To reach this goal, MVRF funds groundbreaking research projects conducted by the worlds top scientists with the hope of improving the lives of millions of people affected ...
Fall Large Grants Announced Vice Provost Janet Greger and the Research Advisory Council recently announced the fall 2003 Research Foundation Awards for Large Faculty Grants. The goal of these awards, as with all Research Foundation programs, is to help faculty move into a better position to apply for and receive extramural funding for their research and scholarly activities. The Council received 66 proposals totaling $1,182,264 and made 31 awards totaling $441,708. The proposals were peer reviewed by members of a standing review panel. Fall 2003 Large Grant Recipients Eldridge Adams, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, The Genetic Structure of an Invasive Ant Population, $20,335 Amvrossios Bagtzoglou, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Development of an Efficient Inverse Method for Near Real-Time Atmospheric Contamination Source Identification, $15,851 Ben Bahr, Pharmaceutical Science, Differential Taxicogenomic Responses to Excitotoxic Agents in Hippocampus, $21,515 Robin Chazdon, Ecology & ...
The Melanoma Research Foundation (MRF) is leading the melanoma community to transform melanoma from one of the deadliest cancers to one of the most treatable through research, education and advocacy.. The Melanoma Research Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization.. ...
The Melanoma Research Foundation (MRF) is leading the melanoma community to transform melanoma from one of the deadliest cancers to one of the most treatable through research, education and advocacy.. The Melanoma Research Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization.. ...
ETHealthworld.com brings latest the progeria research foundation news, views and updates from all top sources for the Indian Health industry.
Volunteer with Lymphoma Research Foundation, MN Chapter. Find Lymphoma Research Foundation, MN Chapter volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
The Canadian Hair Research Foundation responds to the growing need for centralized, credible, evidence-based information on hair diseases and hair loss.. The Canadian Hair Research Foundation is a research-focused organization dedicated to sustaining continuous education and medical research into hair and hair-related conditions in order to better inform interested individuals and provide improved care for all those with hair disorders.. ...
The Melvyn H Motolinsky Research Foundations annual Distinguished Service Award, honors the recipients work in Hematology and related fields of medicine.
THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO RESEARCH FOUNDATION Brazil world leader in sugarcane and ethanol knowledge and technology FAPESP s contribuition THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO RESEARCH FOUNDATION Brazil world leader in
Annette DeBow and her walking crew were joined by Raquel Nunez of the MPN Research Foundation for a leg of their Trek over the weekend. Well have an update from Raquel and Annette soon. For now, Raquel snapped this picture of the trekkers with an MPN Research Foundation banner. Thanks to all the trekkers for their hard, long journey to raise funds for MPN research! ...
Graduates of Sankara Nethralaya Medical Research Foundation - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Sankara Nethralaya Medical Research Foundation - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
By making a bequest, or gift by will, you can give generously to Glaucoma Research Foundation without reducing your current income. Charitable bequests are normally deductible in full from estate taxes.
MY OWN INVOLVEMENT in the subject of fallout hazards began in 1961. That was the year of the Berlin crisis, when the Soviet Union ended the voluntary moratorium on nuclear testing and the U.S. government called for a large-scale fallout shelter construction program. The intensified threat of nuclear war caused much concern in the scientific community, and in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a group called the Federation of American Scientists, of which I was a member, decided to participate in a study of the chances for survival of a large industrial city like Pittsburgh in the event of a nuclear war. Since I was professionally involved in research on new techniques for reducing the radiation dose from medical X-rays, and therefore was interested in the problem of low-level radiation effects, it was suggested that I join the section investigating the health hazards from fallout. Almost as soon as we had begun our work, a disturbing fact emerged. All the calculations made by government agencies as to ...
International programs have been conducted over the last four decades to quantify the exposure of atom bomb survivors from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Unfortunately, the quest for accurate gamma-ray and neutron exposure doses of atom bomb survivors has proven illusive. Efforts in the most recent of these programs, designated as Dosimetry System 1986 (DS86), have revealed a serious and persistent discrepancy between neutron transport calculations and thermal neutron activation measurements at the Hiroshima site, which will be called the DS86 neutron dosimetry enigma. It is established that this enigma is a complex puzzle that precludes simple solutions. This conclusion is deduced through the identification of a number of missing pieces to the puzzle. Implications and conclusions that can be inferred from these missing puzzle pieces are advanced. ...
NCI based its estimates of radiation exposure on factors such as peoples age at the time of the tests, where they lived, and what foods they consumed, particularly milk. Evidence suggests that childhood exposure to radioactive iodine -- especially before age 10 -- can increase the risk that a person will develop thyroid cancer at some point. Children who drank milk produced by cows or goats on family farms might have received higher than average exposure. This milk would have contained more iodine-131 than was present in commercially distributed milk, because it typically was consumed shortly after production, leaving little time for the radioactive iodine to decay. People who were teenagers or adults when the bomb tests were conducted, or who did not drink milk, are at very little risk of developing thyroid cancer from exposure to the fallout ...
34 Our third category locates fully disturbing or frightening images of or allusions to nuclear warfare in the middle of the narrative action. We designate this genre the Drama of Nuclear Devastation. Although genuine examples are understandably rare-the unpleasantly stark must impede commercial success-the examples we do have visualize with different degrees of earnestness the real consequences of nuclear war. The most famous American version, excluding the sensationally disseminated TV movieThe Day After (1983), is Lynne Litmans Testament (1983). Given the constraining influence of American political culture on Hollywood movies about nuclear bombs (see Evans), it might not surprise us that the most noteworthy dramas of nuclear devastation come from Great Britain, with its more entrenched public culture of anti-nuclear activism. Peter Watkins 47-minute made-for-TV docudrama The War Game(1966) caused such scandal when it was about to be broadcast that the British Broadcasting Corporation, ...
Since North Koreas recent missile tests, and Sundays underground nuclear test, the possibility of nuclear warfare looms larger than it has in more than five decades. Nearly thirty years after the cold war ended, are we prepared to face such a challenge? How would large-scale nuclear attacks affect the world today?. Gabrielle Hecht is a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), professor of history, and the Frank Stanton Foundation Professor of Nuclear Security at CISAC. Shestudies uranium mining and nuclear waste on a global scale. She tells FSI what radioactive contamination would look like today and what damage nuclear activities have already caused, unbeknownst to most of us.. Note: This is Part One of the FSI series on the consequences of nuclear war. The interview was conducted before Sunday, 3 September 2017, underground nuclear test by North Korea.. FSI:Todays nuclear conversation largely focuses on war with North Korea and development of weapons in ...
The first, and to date only nuclear weapons used in combat were dropped by the United States on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945). Six days after the Nagasaki bombing Japan officially surrendered and World War II ended. The devastation from these attacks was immense, killing 140,000 in Hiroshima and 80,000 in Nagasaki by years end. The Japanese had repeatedly refused to sign a peace treaty proposed by the Allies. As an invasion of mainland Japan by Allied forces was imminent and would undoubtedly result in a massive loss of life on both sides, President Truman decided to use a new technology to bring about a quick Japanese surrender. The cities of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Kyoto, Yokohama, and Kokura were chosen as potential targets, not for their importance to Japanese military function, but for the psychological effects of losing entire cities and being internationally recognized. The gravity bomb Little Boy was a gun-type fission bomb with a 60 kg core of uranium-235. The ...
Scientists have found evidence that the impact of an asteroid as powerful as 10 billion WWII-era atomic bombs brought about the extinction of the dinosaurs.
Over 50,000 people attended a memorial ceremony at Hiroshimas Peace Park where Japanese officials called for a world free of nuclear weapons.
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APN) ATLANTA - On October 02, 2011, Georgia Womens Action for New Directions (WAND) hosted the worlds leading anti-nuclear activist, Dr. Helen Caldicott, at the 7 Stages theatre in Atlantas Little Five Points community.. Caldicott founded the Womens Action for Nuclear Disarmament (WAND) in the US in 1980, which later changed its name to focus on nuclear power.. She also co-founded Physicians for Social Responsibility, an organization of 23,000 doctors committed to educating their colleagues about the dangers of nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and nuclear war.. Dr. Caldicott was an instructor in pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and on staff at Childrens Hospital Medical Center in Boston until 1980 when she resigned to work full-time on the prevention of nuclear war. She has devoted the last 38 years to an international campaign to educate the public about the medical hazards of the nuclear age.. The Cold War is over, but Russia and the US still have thousands of nuclear bombs targeted at ...
... nuclear installations; warfare. Technofossils are another interesting aspect of the anthroposphere. These can include objects ...
"Nuclear Warfare 103". Archived from the original on 20 November 2003. Lieber, Keir A, and Daryl G Press. "The Nukes We Need." ... However, that any nuclear power would be willing to place its nuclear submarines close to enemy shores during times of ... The intent of a counterforce strategy (attacking counterforce targets with nuclear weapons) is to do a pre-emptive nuclear ... Military attacks are prone to causing collateral damage, especially when nuclear weapons are employed. In nuclear terms, many ...
K. Bhushan, G. Katyal (2002). Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare. APH Publishing. p. 204. ISBN 978-81-7648-312-4. Kalim ... "due to the danger of a nuclear retaliation by Pakistan.... - Sartaj Aziz, defending Pakistan's decision to tests its nuclear ... Sartaj Aziz opposing the nuclear tests, 1998, Aziz was extremely upset and frustrated after learning the Indian nuclear testing ... And if we hadn't any nuclear weapons in 2002, after the parliament attack, we would have had a major war with India, and ...
The game has also been used to describe the mutual assured destruction of nuclear warfare, especially the sort of brinkmanship ... S2CID 144436238.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Russell, B.W. (1959). Common Sense and Nuclear Warfare. George ... Bertrand Russell famously compared the game of Chicken to nuclear brinkmanship: Since the nuclear stalemate became apparent, ... but sooner or later it will come to be felt that loss of face is more dreadful than nuclear annihilation. The moment will come ...
K. Bhushan; G. Katyal (1 January 2002). Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare. APH Publishing. p. 191. ISBN 978-81-7648-312- ...
In 1985 he co-founded the London Nuclear Warfare Tribunal, which sought to question the legality of nuclear weapons. The ... London Nuclear Warfare Tribunal. New Statesman, 112, 1986, p. 43; Nicholas Kollerstrom and George Farebrother (eds.) (22 ... Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, and the Respect Party. The following month he was interviewed by Iran's Press TV, which re- ...
Bartlett, Andrew (2004). "Nuclear Warfare in the Movies". Archived from the original on 2016-06-28. Retrieved 2013-12-18. ... Nuclear technology portal History of nuclear weapons Operation Ivy Notes In the Mark 7 HE system, the irregularities in the ... Part I. "The Nuclear Weapon Archive - A Guide to Nuclear Weapons". nuclearweaponarchive.org. Retrieved 23 September 2017. ... see Nuclear weapon design). This point is above the threshold where the fusion fuel would turn opaque to its emitting radiation ...
Medical Consequences of Nuclear Warfare. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160591341. approximately 82% of the fission ... During a nuclear explosion based on the fission of uranium, 167 MeV is emitted in the form of a coulombic explosion between ... Alt, Leonard A.; Forcino, Douglas; Walker, Richard I. (2000). "Nuclear events and their consequences" (PDF). In Cerveny, T. Jan ... They transfer their energy quickly to the surrounding weapon materials, which rapidly become heated "Nuclear Engineering ...
"Nuclear Warfare in the Movies". Anthropoetics, Volume 10, Issue 1, 2004. ISSN 1083-7264. Lind 1986, p. 237. Gillett 1980, p. 29 ... Nuclear scientist John Osborne, a 20-something bachelor in the novel, is portrayed in the film by 60-year-old Fred Astaire and ... The American nuclear submarine USS Sawfish, now under Royal Australian Navy command, is ordered to sail north and locate the ... This black-and-white film is based on Nevil Shute's 1957 novel of the same name depicting the aftermath of a nuclear war. ...
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare. The DSCSC library comprises 3 sections; the Reference Library, Lending Library and ... Maritime Warfare. Strategic Studies and International Affairs. ICRC Workshop on International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Term 4 - ... Term 2 - Operations of War (17 Weeks) Air Warfare. Military Assistance to Civil Authorities. Operations of War. Strategic ...
Common Sense and Nuclear Warfare. London: George Allen & Unwin. 1959. My Philosophical Development. London: George Allen & ... "Common Sense And Nuclear Warfare". Internet Archive. Simon and Schuster. 1959. "My Philosophical Development". Internet Archive ... He urged that all nuclear-weapons testing and constant flights by planes armed with nuclear weapons be halted immediately, and ... After it became known that the USSR carried out its nuclear bomb tests, Russell declared his position advocating for the total ...
ISBN 978-0-02-915030-6. Laurence, Martin (1987). "Pershing II" (PDF). The Changing Face of Nuclear Warfare. Ilex. ISBN 978-0-06 ... Talbott, Strobe (31 January 1983). "Playing Nuclear Poker". Time. "Playing Nuclear Poker". Time (Cover). 31 January 1983. " ... West Germany Anti-Nuclear Demonstration at Mutlangen. AP. 6 August 1985. Seniorenblockade in Mutlangen vom 08. - 10. Mai 1986. ... Hunter is watching the news when the newscaster states "Threatened to use nuclear arms on the United States and Japan... should ...
"Conventional Warfare in the Nuclear Age". In Paret, Peter (ed.). The Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear ... Peter Paret; Gordon A. Craig; Felix Gilbert (30 October 1986). Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. ... ISBN 978-0-19-555914-9. Corbett, Robin (1986). Guerilla Warfare: from 1939 to the Present Day. London: Orbis Book Publishing ... did 12 month tours including 6 weeks jungle warfare training in West Malaysia. The initial air component based in Borneo ...
"Conventional Warfare in the Nuclear Age". In Paret, Peter (ed.). The Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear ... Clodfelter, M (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015, 4th ed ... Anderson, Duncan (2011-02-17). "World Wars: Nuclear Power: The End of the War Against Japan". BBC. Jones, Howard (1989). A New ... International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. March 2015. ISBN 978-3-9817315-0-7. "Human costs of war: Direct war ...
Both 1964 films depict nuclear warfare. Culture during the Cold War Craven, Wes; DeGuere, Philip; May, Bradford (2020). The ... As she notices terrified people looking skyward, she looks up to see a Soviet nuclear missile frozen a few hundred feet in the ... One evening, the radio announces that nuclear missiles are heading for the United States from the Soviet Union. When the radio ... Lead actress Melinda Dillon's shouting "Shut up!" an extra two times as the nuclear missiles approach was unscripted. In the ...
ISBN 978-0-683-04481-2. K. Bhushan; G. Katyal (2002). Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare. APH Publishing. p. 125. ISBN ... Beta burns are frequently the result of exposure to radioactive fallout after nuclear explosions or nuclear accidents. Shortly ... Dept (1982). Nuclear handbook for medical service personnel. Palmer JL, Deburghgraeve CR, Bird MD, Hauer-Jensen M, Kovacs EJ ( ... During underground nuclear testing in Nevada, several workers developed burns and skin ulcers, in part attributed to exposure ...
Both dialogue and narrative oppose nuclear warfare; whereas the narrative in particular, emphasizes the sensory beauties of the ...
Popov's reporting included providing the US with documentation that involved nuclear warfare, missiles and air operations. ... noting their distinct reluctance to use Nuclear warfare. In 1983, the rehearsal of a hypothetical, Soviet/Warsaw Pact attack on ... "Forecasting Nuclear War , Wilson Center". www.wilsoncenter.org. Retrieved 2020-05-27. Jones, Nate (2013-11-01). "Countdown to ... The aim of this methodology was to, receive early warning about any possible Soviet invasion of Europe or Nuclear strike. ...
Garrett, Benjamin C. (2017-08-25). Historical Dictionary of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare. Rowman & Littlefield. ...
Schilling, Jonathan L. (31 January 2020). "Nuclear Warfare: The Decision to Make It Worse". Cornell University Press. "Fellows ... 1 (2013) "The Hydrogen Bomb, Lewis L. Strauss and the Writing of Nuclear History", Journal of Strategic Studies Vol. 36, No. 6 ... Many of his other articles also focused on the British role in nuclear deployments during the early Cold War period, and the ... evolution of the British independent nuclear deterrent. Several of the themes of this research were encapsulated in Young's ...
ISBN 0-7106-2763-7. Hart, Benjamin C.; Garrett, John (2007). Historical Dictionary of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare ... Biological and Nuclear Warfare Division 3; PNBK 3D) in April 2002. The Royal Malaysia Police has CBRN providers. The Pasukan ... radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present. CBRN defense consists of CBRN passive protection ... where it's going to be hosted the first Brazilian Navy nuclear-powered submarine; and the Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and ...
... and nuclear warfare detection and decontamination. Also, train others on board ship of firefighting and repairs of damage to ... biological and radiological warfare defense. They also instruct personnel in the methods of damage control and chemical, ...
Schilling, Jonathan L. (31 January 2020). "Nuclear Warfare: The Decision to Make It Worse". Cornell University Press. Faculty ... For example, appearances on WNEW-TV in April 1963 "NATO and Nuclear Arms: Two Approaches to Military-Defense Policy" and ... co-author with Lynn Etheridge Davis] "U.S. Strategic Nuclear Concepts in the 1970s: The Search for Sufficiently Equivalent ... where he described the effects of a surprise Soviet nuclear attack on the U.S.; on New York local television station news and ...
Benjamin C. Garrett (25 August 2017). Historical Dictionary of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare. Rowman & Littlefield ... The islands were the site of three nuclear weapons tests by the British military in the 1950s. The islands of the archipelago ... The second of these, codenamed "G2", included the largest nuclear explosion in Australia, with a yield of 98 kilotons. Fallout ... p.179). Acaster, Ray (1995). "British nuclear testing at the Monte Bello Islands". Early Days Vol. 11, no. 1. pp. 66-80. Arnold ...
Anti Submarine Warfare Officer and Nuclear Weapons Officer. Dr. Bouchard is heavily involved in state, regional and local ...
Bartlett, Andrew (2004). "Nuclear Warfare in the Movies". Anthropoetics. UCLA. 10 (1). ISSN 1083-7264. Retrieved 5 January 2014 ... List of nuclear holocaust fiction Nuclear weapons in popular culture Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom Operation Square ... Able Archer 83, NATO command post exercise that resulted in the 1983 nuclear war scare and changed thinking about nuclear war ... After a brief nuclear skirmish between the Americans and the Soviets in Iran, the people of Britain fly into a panic, resulting ...
It was the first nuclear weapon used in warfare. The bomb was dropped by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay piloted by ... "Nuclear Weapons Frequently Asked Questions, Section 8.0: The First Nuclear Weapons". Retrieved 29 August 2013. Coster-Mullen ... Hansen, Chuck (1995a). Volume VII: The Development of US Nuclear Weapons. Swords of Armageddon: US Nuclear Weapons Development ... The blast from a nuclear bomb is the result of X-ray-heated air (the fireball) sending a shock wave or pressure wave in all ...
... she was also a keen supporter of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Her play, The Offshore Island, is about nuclear warfare ...
"Problems of fire in Nuclear Warfare 1961" (PDF). Dtic.mil. pp. 8 & 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 February 2013. ... Alexander Mckee's Dresden 1945: The Devil's Tinderbox "Problems of Fire in Nuclear Warfare (1961)" (PDF). Dtic.mil. Archived ... Nuclear weapons largely remove these uncertain variables. Therefore, nuclear weapons reduce the question of whether a city will ... One undeniable advantage of nuclear weapons over conventional weapons when it comes to creating fires is that nuclear weapons ...
1959, Common Sense and Nuclear Warfare, London: George Allen & Unwin. 1959, My Philosophical Development, London: George Allen ...
requirements, warfare. *Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy) *Assistant of Chief Defence Staff (Pol) Naval Staff ... UK nuclear missile submarines).[3][4] In 2015, Rear Admiral John Weale was appointed Rear Admiral Submarines/Assistant Chief of ... Joining Britain's Royal Navy Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine Undersea Warfare ...
It was involved in such programs as training U.S. officers for the nuclear-powered merchant ship, the NS Savannah. ... Of those going on active duty, most enter the Navy as Naval Aviators, Naval Flight Officers, Surface Warfare Officers, ... former Deputy Director Expeditionary Warfare; Commander, Joint Task Force, Guantanamo; Commanding Officer USS Carney (DDG-64) ...
The contest was inspired by the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, and carries a USD 2 million prize for the winning team ... The Department of Defense stated in 2013 that it had no interest in using the robot for offensive or defensive warfare.[1] ...
Boyne returned to active flying as a nuclear test pilot with the 4925th Nuclear Test Group at Kirtland Air Force Base near ... Boyne, Walter J. (2011). How the Helicopter Changed Modern Warfare. Pelican Publishing. ISBN 1-58980-700-6.. ...
... filters are used to retain radioactive gases within the air vacuumed from a nuclear boiling water reactor ... Biological warfare. *Carcinogen. *Food safety. *Hazard symbol. *List of extremely hazardous substances ...
Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Phenomena and Potential Applications: Naval Surface Warfare Center report NSWCDD-PN-15-0040 ... Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions (CANR),[79] Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reactions (LANR), Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ( ... "International Society of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science.. *^ Biberian, Jean-Paul (2007), "Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ( ... In response to doubts about the lack of nuclear products, cold fusion researchers have tried to capture and measure nuclear ...
412th Electronic Warfare Group (412 EWG)[4]. 771st Test Squadron. 772d Test Squadron. The 412th Engineering and the 412th ... Ray, Thomas W. "Nuclear Armament: Its Acquisition, Control and Application to Manned Interceptors 1951-1963" ADC Historical ... On 1 January 1957 the 412th became one of the first two groups in ADC to place its F-89Js armed with 2 nuclear MB-1 Genie ... avionics and electronic warfare evaluation of the latest weapon system technologies. They are also host to the core facilities ...
"Russia's most powerful nuclear subs to volley-fire ICBMs". Pravda.. *^ "С подлодки "Владимир Мономах" успешно запустили две ... "warfare.ru. 2007. Retrieved 2010-04-07.. *^ "New Start won't keep Russia from developing Bulava missiles - deputy PM , Defense ... "Russia's newest nuclear sub completes sea trials". RIA Novosti. 2010-09-28. Retrieved 2012-11-05.. ... "Yuri Dolgoruky nuclear submarine successfully conducts Bulava missile launch". Sputnik (news agency).. ...
Songhai was also weakened by internal discord, which led to factional warfare. This discord spurred most of the migrations ... In 2017, Ivory Coast signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.[76] ... French campaigns against Samori Ture, which were met with greater resistance than usual in tribal warfare, intensified in the ... 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons". United Nations Treaty Collection. 7 July 2017.. ...
"New dawn for UK nuclear power". World Nuclear News. 24 September 2008. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. ... The Special Boat Service is based at RM Poole, home of the Navy's amphibious warfare section, off the B3068 at Hamworthy in the ... have their nuclear energy engineering centre with Horizon Nuclear Power. Between the former C&G and EDF at Barnwood, Barclays' ... "Nuclear energy: British Energy facts". The Daily Telegraph. London: The Telegraph. 24 September 2008. Archived from the ...
... a shift in military interest in cyber warfare has motivated the creation of the first U.S. Cyber Warfare Intelligence Center.[ ... "US Air Force Prepares For Cyber Warfare". Space Daily.. *^ "US needs 'digital warfare force'". BBC News. 5 May 2009. Retrieved ... Reportedly, this is in response to North Korea's creation of a cyber warfare unit.[53] In addition, the British GCHQ has begun ... Others have also discussed the creation of a cyber-warfare branch.[40][41] Lieutenant Colonel Gregory Conti[42] and Colonel ...
He was responsible for the determination of more nuclear moments than any other single individual. This work was cited when he ... working on naval warfare problems.[1] Later, he oversaw the design and construction of the "new" physics building at Berkeley. ... where he had a very large and productive low energy nuclear physics laboratory, graduating 40 PhD's during this time and ...
The city is the home to a single Fortune 500 company: Entergy, a power generation utility and nuclear power plant operations ... As the city was captured and occupied early in the war, it was spared the destruction through warfare suffered by many other ... Other large governmental installations include the U.S. Navy's Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems Command, located within ...
The nuclear-powered submarine Álvaro Alberto is under construction since 2018, with scheduled launch for 2027.[18] ... "France's DCNS says India submarine data leak may be 'economic warfare'". Reuters. Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. ... It is essentially a modified version of their nuclear propulsion system with heat being generated by ethanol and oxygen. The ... "O Prosub e o submarino nuclear brasileiro SN-BR" (in Portuguese). Poder Naval. 20 February 2018.. ...
Educated in the fundamentals of maneuver warfare, tactics, combined arms, and the time-tested principles of battle ...
The Green Party would also remove subsidies for nuclear power within ten years and work towards phasing out nuclear energy. The ... "Welfare not Warfare" sign, indicating the Green Party's policy towards social justice and non-violence ... party has emphasised unilateral nuclear disarmament and called for the rejection of the Trident nuclear programme of nuclear ... "SNP, Plaid Cymru And Green Party Team Up on Trident Nuclear Weapons". Morning Star. Archived from the original on 1 March 2015 ...
... inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data"". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 40 (1): 315. doi:10.1016/j. ... inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 37 (1): 25-35. doi:10.1016/j ...
Four aircraft converted as Nuclear, biological and chemical warfare reconnaissance versions of the An-24B, carrying RR8311-100 ... From the 1960s the Soviet Union was faced with nuclear submarine threats that were virtually undetectable with the technology ...
McAulay, Alastair D. (2011). Military Laser Technology for Defense: Technology for Revolutionizing 21st Century Warfare. John ... Immunity to electromagnetic interference, including nuclear electromagnetic pulses.. *High electrical resistance, making it ...
The invention of the nuclear reactor in the Manhattan Project during World War 2 made possible the production of artificial ... Kereiakes JG, Rao DV; Rao (1992). "Auger electron dosimetry: report of AAPM Nuclear Medicine Committee Task Group No. 6". Med ... This site is managed by the Division of Human Health, Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications ...
Their mission was strategic warfare in the event of war. From 1956 until its closure in 1991, Pease Air Force Base maintained a ... combat-ready force for long-range bombardment and nuclear strikes. B-47 Stratojet, B-52 Stratofortress, and FB-111 Aardvark ...
... in particular around the use of nuclear energy in the production of nuclear weapons, Nazi human experimentation during World ... In focusing on the evolution of warfare, particularly that of cavalry in connection with Charles Martel's "diversion of a ... On the other hand, an authoritarian command-and-control structure is a practical necessity of a nuclear power plant if ... Under the new brand of warfare garnered from the stirrup, White implicitly argues in favor of technological determinism as the ...
Nuclear warfare. *Electromagnetic pulse (EMP). *Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments *Micro black hole ...
There should be trust and not a "Cold War mentality", and arms control and nuclear disarmament should be pursued. China will ... 2], Tony Corn, "Peaceful Rise through Unrestricted Warfare: Grand Strategy with Chinese Characteristics," Small Wars Journal, ...
... and more openness towards the American people about the realities of the nuclear balance and the dangers of nuclear warfare.[ ... He used that position to lobby for international control of nuclear power to avert nuclear proliferation and a nuclear arms ... "Nuclear Files: Library: Biographies: Robert Christy". Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. Archived from the original on May 22, 2006 ... "Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2008.. ...
... nuclear, biological and chemical) protection. Like Rapier and Crotale, in addition to the tracked vehicle, there are also ... "warfare.be". warfare.be. Retrieved 30 April 2018.. *^ http://bmpd.livejournal.com/2006953.html[permanent dead link] ...
Built over a rectangular pit, they varied from 4 to 20 m2 (43 to 215 sq ft) in area and could accommodate a typical nuclear ... Warfare[edit]. An example of early Slavic armor. Early barbarian warrior bands, typically numbering two hundred or less, were ...
Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center (NWC). *Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) ... Naval Warfare Centers *Air (NAWC). *Surface (NSWC). *Undersea (NUWC). *Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance (NCCOSC) ...
Shawkey, Matthew D.; Pillai, Shreekumar R.; Hill, Geoffrey E. (2003). "Chemical warfare? Effects of uropygial oil on feather- ... "Nuclear DNA does not reconcile 'rocks' and 'clocks' in Neoaves: a comment on Ericson et al.". Biology Letters. 3 (3): 257-259 ... "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals" ...
... developing expertise in amphibious warfare and coalition warfare planning. After the war, Wright was involved in the evolution ... particularly its nuclear-armed aircraft carriers, pursuant to both U.S. Navy policy and Federal law. The dispute tested the ... "The Unraveling and Revitalization of U.S. Navy Antisubmarine Warfare" - Naval War College Review 58, no. 2 (Spring 2005) p. 92- ... "The Unraveling and Revitalization of U.S. Navy Antisubmarine Warfare" by John R. Bendict. Naval War College Review (Spring 2005 ...
Media in category "Nuclear warfare". The following 20 files are in this category, out of 20 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Nuclear_warfare&oldid=257558495" ...
Nuclear arms race Nuclear blackout Nuclear briefcase Nuclear famine Nuclear holocaust Nuclear terrorism Nuclear weapon Nuclear ... Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy which deploys ... Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction; in contrast to conventional warfare, nuclear warfare can produce destruction ... Nuclear Files.org Interactive Timeline of the Nuclear Age Annotated bibliography on nuclear warfare from the Alsos Digital ...
Gene context of Nuclear Warfare. *High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1): nuclear weapon in the immune arsenal [13]. ... Associations of Nuclear Warfare with chemical compounds. *Soil containing thorium oxide (ThO2) was applied to the site for ... Disease relevance of Nuclear Warfare. *Chronic exposure to high LET radiation has been shown to cause liver cancer in humans ... High impact information on Nuclear Warfare. *The lagoon sediments of Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands contain a large ...
... british army nuclear chemical and biological warfare detection demonstration london chemical nuclear and biological ... british army nuclear chemical and biological warfare detection demonstration london chemical nuclear and biological ... british army nuclear chemical and biological warfare detection demonstration london chemical nuclear and biological ... british army nuclear chemical and biological warfare detection demonstration london chemical nuclear and biological ...
The Changing Face of Nuclear Warfare has 3 available editions to buy at Alibris ... The Changing Face of Nuclear Warfare by Laurence W Martin starting at $1.49. ... The Changing Face of Nuclear Warfare. by Laurence W Martin Write The First Customer Review ...
Stock video footage City Destroyed Atomic Hydrogen Bomb Nuclear Warfare Holocaust War Blast Attack. 00:00:18 unknown. From $75 ... Description: City Destroyed Atomic Hydrogen Bomb Nuclear Warfare Holocaust War Blast Attack ...
Soldiers Handbook for Defense Against Chemical and Biological Operations and Nuclear Warfare by U S Dept Of The Army available ... Soldiers Handbook for Defense Against Chemical and Biological Operations and Nuclear Warfare by Department of the U S Army and ...
Nuclear Warfare online from Fishpond.co.nz, New Zealands biggest online store. Millions of products at discount prices - Its ... The Man from Pakistan: The True Story of the Worlds Most Dangerous Nuclear Smuggler By Douglas Frantz , Catherine Collins ... the President: MacArthur and Truman at the Brink of Nuclear War By H. W. Brands (Other) ... Sleepwalking To Armageddon: The Threat of Nuclear Annihilation By Helen Caldicott (Edited by) ...
Open Warfare Declared in DC as Deep State Goes Nuclear - Trump Will Die in Jail. Posted on February 16, 2017 by Jay ... 110 Responses to Open Warfare Declared in DC as Deep State Goes Nuclear - Trump Will Die in Jail. * Cheryl Kilboy. says: ... Now we go nuclear. IC war going to new levels. Just got an EM fm senior IC friend, it began: He will die in jail.https://t.co ...
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... en. dc.provenance. Citation prepared by the Library and Information ... Nuclear Warfare: JAMA Is Too Political and Too One-Sided. dc.creator. Von Graevenitz, Alexander. en. ... Nuclear+Warfare:+JAMA+Is+Too+Political+and+Too+One-Sided&title=Journal+of+the+American+Medical+Association+&volume=254&issue=21 ...
Statement by the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 046 ( ...
Nuclear WarSome continuities with the past [1]Differences in technology and doctrine [2]Deterrence versus denial (or defense) [ ... 3]Changes in prospect [4]Attitudes toward thermonuclear war [5]BIBLIOGRAPHY [6]Nuclear war has but a brief history. ... The destructive power of nuclear weapons makes nuclear warfare fundamentally different from traditional conventional warfare. ... The two types of nuclear reactions used in nuclear weapons are nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. In nuclear fission, large ...
The treatment of burns occurring in thousands of people at once during nuclear warfare inevitably falls far short of the ideal ... The treatment of burns occurring in thousands of people at once during nuclear warfare inevitably falls far short of the ideal ... NECESSARY COMPROMISES IN THERAPY OF BURNS SUSTAINED IN NUCLEAR WARFARE. JAMA. 1956;162(10):956-958. doi:10.1001/jama. ...
... atomic warfare pronunciation, atomic warfare translation, English dictionary definition of atomic warfare. See: nuclear warfare ... atomic warfare. Also found in: Wikipedia.. Related to atomic warfare: Nuclear warfare ... Atomic warfare - definition of atomic warfare by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/atomic+warfare ... have each taken steps to ensure that the prospect of atomic warfare and the use of nuclear weapons has been reduced and removed ...
LONDON NUCLEAR WARFARE TRIBUNAL Evidence, Commentary, and Judgment Previous. Contents. Index. 3.2.1 Atomic Bomb Effects on ... The Japanese attacks were therefore equivalent to the use of only two small tactical nuclear warheads in modern terms which is ... Professor Iwasa also pointed out that even those who escaped sudden death from the nuclear explosion and those who came into ... The atomic bombings on Japan in 1945 represent the only hostile use of nuclear weapons to date. The tribunal was therefore ...
Max Ferguson has some fun ideas for coping with the nuclear threat. ... Dont worry, he advises in this radio broadcast, nuclear warfare can be fun. ... Columnist Ron Haggart takes issue with the governments approach to nuclear warfare. ... Evaluating the Tocsin B nuclear drill. The Tocsin nuclear drill is evaluated. ...
WN 610 81RO Nuclear radiation in warfare / WN 610 82FR Risks of unintentional nuclear war / WN 610 82LA Last aid : WN 610 83BR ... BookPublisher: London : Taylor & Francis, 1981Description: 149 p ISBN: 0850662176 Subject(s): Nuclear warfare , Radiation ... Nuclear radiation in warfare / [written by Joseph Rotblat] By: Rotblat, Joseph Contributor(s): Stockholm International Peace ...
BookPublisher: London : Taylor & Francis, 1981Description: 149 p ISBN: 0850662176 Subject(s): Nuclear warfare , Radiation ... Nuclear radiation in warfare / [written by Joseph Rotblat] By: Rotblat, Joseph Contributor(s): Stockholm International Peace ...
Surface Warfare Officer (Nuclear Aircraft Carriers) U.S. Navy - 24,045 reviews - United States $168,300 a year ... For those going the Surface Warfare Officer (Nuclear) route, the first step is Officer Candidate School (OCS) - a 12-week ... Nuclear Search Officer G4S - 8,073 reviews - New Stanton, PA 15672 Security Officer Profile test. PLEASE CLICK APPLY OR TEXT ... Submarine Officer (Nuclear Submarines) U.S. Navy - 24,045 reviews - United States $168,300 a year ...
Deterrence or Disarmament?: The Ethics of Nuclear Warfare. Corroral Missile in front of the Center Exchange, 1957. Photo via ... Is using a nuclear weapon morally permissible under some circumstances? Is it ethical to implement nuclear deterrence ( ... At the time, most people were unaware that the course of warfare and ultimately the world was about to change irrevocably. ... Therefore, this piece shall not focus on the actual use of nuclear weapons, but instead analyze the latter question. Using ...
Nuclear warfare. Loyalty and U.S. public health service grants. 196. United States Public Health Service, Scientists Committee ... test hydrogen bomb issue Japanese Labour party Lapp lethal LIBBY March MASE megaton ment miles mittee morale Nagasaki nuclear ...
chemical warfare type of warfare that involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons ... Chemical sensors, oxygen tanks, and other equipment sit inside a case during a joint chemical warfare training by U.S. Soldiers ... Media in category "Chemical warfare". The following 76 files are in this category, out of 76 total. ... Chemical Warfare in the Twentieth Century A17232.jpg 800 × 607; 40 KB. ...
nuclear warfare(*) -- Warfare involving the employment of nuclear weapons. See also post-attack period; trans-attack period. ... acoustic warfare countermeasures -- See acoustic warfare Part 2. acoustic warfare support measures -- See acoustic warfare Part ... biological warfare--See biological operation. C2-protection -- See command and control warfare. chemical warfare -- All aspects ... Acoustic warfare counter-countermeasures involve anti-acoustic warfare support measures and anti-acoustic warfare ...
Cyber Warfare: Stuxnet Worm Attacks Nuclear Site in Iran. Aaron Saenz - Oct 12, 2010. ...
... nuclear weapons,,[1],,[2],... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and ... Nuclear weapons and Israel: , , , , Israel is widely believed to possess , ... List of states with nuclear weapons, Nuclear warfare, May 2010, Nuclear triad, 2006 Lebanon War ... Nuclear Stockpiles Current information on nuclear stockpiles in Israel at Nuclear Files.org, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation ...
Nuclear Warfare. Notre Dame OpenCourseware (OCW) offers free online educational resources for the course "Nuclear Warfare" in ... culminating in the development and use of the nuclear bomb. The effects of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass ...
... building enough nuclear power stations to make a meaningful reduction in greenhouse gas emissions would cost trillions of ... contribute to further proliferation of nuclear weapons materials, and result in a Chernobyl-scale accident once every decade. ... Survivors of nuclear warfare in Japan are calling for an end to nuclear weapons. Blog entry by Tamara Stark , 5 August, 2016 ... The Nuclear Age began in July 1945 when the US tested their first nuclear bomb near Alamogordo, New Mexico. A few years later, ...
Nuclear nonproliferation, Nuclear warfare. Japans zaibatsu. 51. ZAIBATSU., Japan (Industries). Weight lifting ...
  • An individual nuclear weapon may have an explosive force equivalent to millions of tons (megatons) of trinitrotoluene (TNT, the chemical explosive traditionally used for such comparisons) and can completely destroy a large city. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Unlike chemical explosives, nuclear weapons have had no peacetime uses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nuclear weapons are the only weapon of mass destruction not yet explicitly banned by an international treaty, unlike chemical and biological weapons. (greenpeace.org)
  • Cutaneous reactions in nuclear, biological and chemical warfare. (bvsalud.org)
  • Nuclear, biological and chemical warfare have in recent times been responsible for an increasing number of otherwise rare dermatoses . (bvsalud.org)
  • Nuclear and chemical attacks manifest immediately while biological attacks manifest later. (bvsalud.org)
  • This article aims at presenting a review of the cutaneous manifestations in nuclear, chemical and biological warfare and their management. (bvsalud.org)
  • The amount of free energy contained in nuclear fuel is millions of times the amount of free energy contained in a similar mass of chemical fuel such as gasoline , making nuclear fission a very attractive source of energy. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Chemical isotopes that can sustain a fission chain reaction are called nuclear fuels, and are said to be fissile. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • By contrast, most chemical oxidation reactions (such as burning coal or TNT ) release at most a few eV per event, so nuclear fuel contains at least ten million times more usable energy than does chemical fuel. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • It is normally fought using conventional weapons, and not with chemical , biological , or nuclear weapons . (wikipedia.org)
  • Confirmed use of biological warfare by a nation state has not occurred since 1945, and chemical warfare has been used only a few times (the latest known confrontation in which it was utilized being the Syrian Civil War ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Chemical and Biological Defense Programs, Washington, DC. (cdc.gov)
  • he became a nuclear, biological and chemical warfare instructor. (greenleft.org.au)
  • NIOSH's National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL) is developing respirator standards for use in chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism events. (cdc.gov)
  • This standard combines a three-tier approval structure: NIOSH industrial SCBA approval, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1981 Standard compliance, and special performance tests against chemical warfare agents and facepiece protection levels. (cdc.gov)
  • I was a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare Specialist. (purplemath.com)
  • 2) Ship is equipped to fight under nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) warfare conditions. (indiatimes.com)
  • in contrast to conventional warfare, nuclear warfare can produce destruction in a much shorter time and can have a long-lasting radiological result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite what the nuclear industry tells us, building enough nuclear power stations to make a meaningful reduction in greenhouse gas emissions would cost trillions of dollars, create tens of thousands of tons of lethal high-level radioactive waste, contribute to further proliferation of nuclear weapons materials, and result in a Chernobyl-scale accident once every decade. (greenpeace.org)
  • However, the products of nuclear fission are radioactive and remain so for significantly long periods of time, leading to a nuclear waste problem. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Nuclear fission differs from other forms of radioactive decay in that it can be harnessed and controlled via a chain reaction: Free neutrons released by each fission event can trigger yet more events, which in turn release more neutrons and cause more fissions. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A Bechtel-led team studied Yucca Mountain as the site for the United States' first national nuclear waste repository-where spent-fuel rods from nuclear power plants and solidified high-level radioactive waste from nuclear defense activities could be stored permanently. (bechtel.com)
  • Radioactive pollutants produced by nuclear explosions and war explosives, and natural processes such as radon . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Some analysts dismiss the nuclear winter hypothesis, and calculate that even with nuclear weapon stockpiles at Cold War highs, although there would be billions of casualties, billions more rural people would nevertheless survive. (wikipedia.org)
  • One type of nuclear weapon, the fission bomb, uses the energy released when nuclei of heavy elements such as plutonium fission or split apart. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Another, even more powerful type of nuclear weapon, the fusion or hydrogen bomb , uses the energy released when nuclei of hydrogen are fuse or unite. (encyclopedia.com)
  • She says the organization saw performance as the solution, the ideal weapon, for combating native fascism, unemployment, atomic warfare , and other serious social problems. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Is using a nuclear weapon morally permissible under some circumstances? (georgetown.edu)
  • by J. Robert Oppenheimer serves as the intro for the song Trinity which is also the code name assigned by Oppenheimer for the first detonation of a nuclear weapon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel is widely believed to possess nuclear weapons [1] [2] and to be the sixth country in the world to have developed them, allegedly having built its first nuclear weapon in December 1966. (worldebookfair.com)
  • Israel is alleged to have built its first nuclear weapon in December 1966, [4] but it is not publicly confirmed. (worldebookfair.com)
  • This makes possible a self-sustaining chain reaction that releases energy at a controlled rate in a nuclear reactor or at a very rapid uncontrolled rate in a nuclear weapon. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In a nuclear reactor or nuclear weapon, most fission events are induced by bombardment with another particle, such as a neutron. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • It seems that President Obama was promoting nuclear disarmament in the 1980's. (bloggernews.net)
  • The most common nuclear fuels are 235 U (the isotope of uranium with an atomic mass of 235 and of use in nuclear reactors, 238) and 239 Pu (the isotope of plutonium with an atomic mass of 239). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • On the other side are four experienced and well-educated nuclear energy professionals who among them can count close to 100 years of working with nuclear reactors, nuclear safety analysis, nuclear propulsion plants, advanced nuclear energy research and development, and nuclear project management. (atomicinsights.com)
  • In a letter to the White House, the commissioners say Jaczko's bullying style could adversely affect the agency's mission to protect health and safety at the nation's 104 commercial nuclear reactors. (atomicinsights.com)
  • Since then, concern over nuclear weapons has shifted to the prevention of localized nuclear conflicts resulting from nuclear proliferation, and the threat of nuclear terrorism. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] [4] It is one of four nuclear-armed countries not recognized as a Nuclear Weapons State by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the others being India, Pakistan and North Korea . (worldebookfair.com)
  • [3] The counter-proliferation , preventive strike Begin Doctrine added another dimension to Israel's existing nuclear policy. (worldebookfair.com)
  • The state and Clausewitzian principles peaked in the World Wars of the 20th century, but also laid the groundwork for their dilapidation due to nuclear proliferation and the manifestation of culturally aligned conflict. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is it ethical to implement nuclear deterrence (threatening to use atomic weapons) as a self-defense strategy? (georgetown.edu)
  • Information Intel Intelligence IT Information Technology IW Information Warfare IW-D Information Warfare-Defense JAVA See Appendix H, Glossary JWCA Joint Warfare Analysis Center MEII Minimum Essential Information Infrastructure Mil Deps Military Departments NCS National Communications System NEC National Economic Council NII National Information Infrastructure NRC National Research Council NSA National Security Agency NSC National Security Council NSIE Network Security Information Exchange NSTAC National Security Telecommunications Advisory Board Nuc. (af.mil)
  • Conventional warfare is a form of warfare conducted by using conventional weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more states in open confrontation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The general purpose of conventional warfare is to weaken or destroy the opponent's military, thereby negating its ability to engage in conventional warfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of modern wars have been conducted using the means of conventional warfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • If this does not succeed the second alternative is conventional warfare in all its nakedness and reality. (sahistory.org.za)
  • As they are experts in the first sphere, namely that of infiltration and subversion, I am apprehensive, as far as the second and third alternatives are concerned, when I look around me at the world that the Russians have succeeded with their propaganda in causing the free world to be obsessed with the prospect of a nuclear war while they, on the other hand, are applying themselves to conventional warfare. (sahistory.org.za)
  • The United States used nuclear weapons against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki near the end of World War II (1939 - 1945). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The atomic bombings on Japan in 1945 represent the only hostile use of nuclear weapons to date. (nuclearwarfaretribunal.org)
  • The Nuclear Age began in July 1945 when the US tested their first nuclear bomb near Alamogordo, New Mexico. (greenpeace.org)
  • Since 1945, more than 2000 nuclear tests have been carried out at more than 60 locations around the globe. (greenpeace.org)
  • Nuclear warfare has only occurred once with the United States bombing the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. (wikipedia.org)
  • A lengthy article published in Culture Mandala details how China is using cyber warfare (PDF) as an asymmetric means to obtain technology transfer and market dominance . (slashdot.org)
  • While cyber warfare is now routinely considered in various analyses of China and other nations, the larger question of why China is so diligently pursuing this path is overlooked. (slashdot.org)
  • The Israeli government has never admitted nor denied having nuclear weapons, although it is known to have constructed the reactor and reprocessing plant necessary for building nuclear weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel started investigating the nuclear field soon after its founding in 1948 and with French support secretly began building a nuclear reactor and reprocessing plant in the late 1950s in Dimona . (worldebookfair.com)
  • Nuclear fission is the splitting of the nucleus of an atom into parts (lighter nuclei), often producing photons (in the form of gamma rays ), free neutrons, and other subatomic particles as by-products. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Nuclear fission produces energy for nuclear power and to drive the explosion of nuclear weapons. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Both uses are made possible because certain substances, called nuclear fuels, undergo fission when struck by free neutrons and in turn generate neutrons when they break apart. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Concerns over nuclear waste accumulation and over the destructive potential of nuclear weapons may counterbalance the desirable qualities of fission as an energy source, and give rise to ongoing political debate over nuclear power. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • An induced nuclear fission event. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Most nuclear fuels undergo spontaneous fission only very slowly, decaying mainly via an alpha / beta decay chain over periods of millennia to eons. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Nuclear fission of heavy elements produces energy because the specific binding energy (binding energy per mass) of intermediate-mass nuclei with atomic numbers and atomic masses close to 61 Ni and 56 Fe is greater than the specific binding energy of very heavy nuclei, so that energy is released when heavy nuclei are broken apart. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In January 1986, Secretary Weinberger hosted the Pentagon's first 'Low lntensity Warfare Conference' at Fort Lesley J. McNair in Washington, D.C. That same month, the Army/Air Force Center for Low-lntensity Conflict (CLIC) was established 'to improve the Army/ Air Force posture for engaging in low-intensity conflict [and to] elevate awareness throughout the Army/Air Force of the role of military power in low-intensity conflict. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • It is often population pressures which lead to warfare, and the world's population is still exploding. (lifeboat.com)
  • Dubbed by scientists as the biggest threat to the earth's environment, even a small-scale nuclear war is capable of having devastating effects on the world's climate and its ecosystems. (azocleantech.com)
  • Estimates as to the size of the Israeli nuclear arsenal vary between 75 and 400 nuclear warheads . (worldebookfair.com)
  • Amsterdam, 27 February 2017 - Commenting on President Trump's remarks that the US has fallen behind on its nuclear capacity and that he wants to ensure the US nuclear arsenal is at the "top of the pack," Greenpeace International Executive. (greenpeace.org)
  • Were two conventional armies to fight, the loser would have redress in its nuclear arsenal. (wikipedia.org)
  • That is a future we can choose, a future in which Hiroshima and Nagasaki are known not as the dawn of atomic warfare but as the start of our own moral awakening. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • So far, two nuclear weapons have been used in the course of warfare, both by the United States near the end of World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the time, most people were unaware that the course of warfare and ultimately the world was about to change irrevocably. (georgetown.edu)
  • In the 1950s, the U.S. government briefly considered using nuclear weapons to blast artificial harbors in the Alaskan coastline but eventually discarded the idea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The risks from nuclear energy are real, inherent and long-lasting. (greenpeace.org)
  • Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy which deploys nuclear weaponry. (wikipedia.org)
  • US presidents from George Bush senior down to Barack Obama, have each taken steps to ensure that the prospect of atomic warfare and the use of nuclear weapons has been reduced and removed as a focus of Pentagon thinking. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Some 72 years later, the United States seems farther than ever from a rejection of the idea that launching the atomic warfare on Japanese civilian populations was "an act of mercy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The lethal possibilities of atomic warfare in the future are frightening. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A seminar on the devastations of atomic warfare and a photo exhibition of Pre and post-war Hiroshima were held at the Alhamra here on Thursday to mark the 70th anniversary of the bombing on Hiroshima. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Others worried about the precedent set by the bombing of Japan and what the future of atomic weaponry and atomic warfare could bring. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Transplant the tale of vengeance from the 19th century to a nearfuture dystopia ravaged by atomic warfare , throw in a score full of heavy-metal riffs and you're guaranteed a brooding and engaging tale and one being told at Glasgow's Webster Theatre. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Tests of sirens meant to warn citizens of impending attack, "duck and cover" exercises in schools, the building of bomb shelters: all such efforts presumed rational ways to plan for atomic warfare and to survive its catastrophic consequences. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • South Africa also manufactured several complete nuclear weapons in the 1980s, but subsequently became the first country to voluntarily destroy their domestically made weapons stocks and abandon further production (1990s). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Japanese attacks were therefore equivalent to the use of only two small tactical nuclear warheads in modern terms which is conceivably the minimum level of use contemplated by modern field commanders in central Europe. (nuclearwarfaretribunal.org)
  • The analyses and engineering formed the basis of the historic license application submitted by the U.S. Department of Energy to the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2008. (bechtel.com)
  • they were his first and only bosses during a post graduation career that included just 6 years inside the Washington DC beltway before being appointed to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission under a strong-arm deal that included holds on dozens of federal judgeships. (atomicinsights.com)
  • This term could apply to any small-scale use of nuclear weapons that may involve military or civilian targets (or both). (wikipedia.org)
  • The second, a full-scale nuclear war, could consist of large numbers of nuclear weapons used in an attack aimed at an entire country, including military, economic, and civilian targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although U.S. officials at the time asserted that the use of nuclear weapons shortened the war and ultimately saved lives and substantial economic cost for both sides, the decision to use the atomic bomb has long been intensely and emotionally debated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The course will start with the history and emergence of weapons of mass destruction technologies as a consequence of World War I and World War II, culminating in the development and use of the nuclear bomb. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The nuclear bomb was the result of the state perfecting its quest to overthrow its competitive duplicates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear OCONUS Outside of CONUS Off Office OMB Office of Management and Budget Ops Operations OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy OUSD(A&T) Office of the USD(A&T) OUSD(P) Office of the USD(P) Plan Planning PSA Principle Staff Assistant PSN Public Switched Network Ret. (af.mil)
  • These events could pertain to a number of different subjects, depending on whether or not the unit was involved in warfare operations. (archives.gov)
  • Information Warfare" (IW), sometimes called Information Operations (IO), spans several arenas, from the purely technical to the social and psychological. (slashdot.org)
  • The most plausible scenario for the future,' he affirmed, is that of 'a continuous succession of hostage crises, peacekeeping operations, rescue missions, and counterinsurgency efforts, or what some have called 'low frontier warfare. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • Since that eerie summer morning, nine nations have developed the intelligence to create and possess nuclear weapons (Granoff, 2000, p. 1414). (georgetown.edu)
  • In November 2000 the world recognised nuclear power as a dirty, dangerous and unnecessary technology by refusing to give it greenhouse gas credits during the UN Climate Change talks in The Hague. (greenpeace.org)
  • After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the resultant end of the Cold War, the threat of a major nuclear war between the two nuclear superpowers was generally thought to have declined. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some Cold War strategists such as Henry Kissinger argued that a limited nuclear war could be possible between two heavily armed superpowers (such as the United States and the Soviet Union). (wikipedia.org)
  • have called limited nuclear war "global nuclear holocaust in slow motion", arguing that-once such a war took place-others would be sure to follow over a period of decades, effectively rendering the planet uninhabitable in the same way that a "full-scale nuclear war" between superpowers would, only taking a much longer (and arguably more agonizing) path to the same result. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States is one of these nuclear superpowers, making the ethical issues associated with these weapons critical and relevant. (georgetown.edu)
  • In the early1980s, the U.S. government green-lighted an initiative to find a safe, secure way to dispose of the nation's growing nuclear waste. (bechtel.com)
  • In a 150-foot- (46-meter-) long, full-scale repository simulation, technicians from Bechtel SAIC filled containers with electrical heaters to determine how the mountain would react to the heat of nuclear waste. (bechtel.com)
  • The possibility of using nuclear weapons in war is usually divided into two subgroups, each with different effects and potentially fought with different types of nuclear armaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using various philosophical concepts, it will explore the fundamental question as to whether any implementation of nuclear deterrence that involves a risk to civilians is morally acceptable. (georgetown.edu)
  • The use of acoustic warfare support measures involves no intentional underwater acoustic emission and is generally not detectable by the enemy. (af.mil)
  • The game may be played without misfortune a few times, but sooner or later it will come to be felt that loss of face is more dreadful than nuclear annihilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fuel rods from nuclear power plants release no greenhouse gases when they generate electricity. (bechtel.com)
  • And what could be more pressing and threatening today than violence-in our city streets and between or within other nations, especially the growing possibility of nuclear war-and climate change? (sojo.net)
  • Depleted uranium is the by-product of the uranium enrichment process during which fissionable U-235 is removed from natural uranium to make nuclear bombs and reactor fuel. (greenleft.org.au)
  • The Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration's (DOE/NNSA) Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) Project continues to make. (bechtel.com)
  • It is estimated that the Israel nuclear deterrent force has the ability to deliver them by intermediate-range ballistic missile , intercontinental ballistic missile , aircraft, and submarine-launched cruise missile . (worldebookfair.com)
  • A major nuclear exchange would have long-term effects, primarily from the fallout released, and could also lead to a "nuclear winter" that could last for decades, centuries, or even millennia after the initial attack. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to the nontherapeutic radiologic/nuclear incidents and disaster scenarios discussed in the previous article in the series, 1 the present article explores issues associated with routine and accidental exposure from administration of ionizing radiation during routine clinical practice. (jaoa.org)
  • Nuclear bombs plant. (wikimedia.org)
  • [20] The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute estimates that Israel has approximately 80 intact nuclear weapons, of which 50 are for delivery by Jericho II medium-range ballistic missiles and 30 are gravity bombs for delivery by aircraft. (worldebookfair.com)
  • [2] The game has also been used to describe the mutual assured destruction of nuclear warfare , especially the sort of brinkmanship involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis . (wikipedia.org)
  • The destructive power of nuclear weapons derives from the core of the atom, the nucleus. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, others have argued that secondary effects of a nuclear holocaust, such as nuclear famine and societal collapse, would cause almost every human on Earth to starve to death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel's first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion was "nearly obsessed" with obtaining nuclear weapons to prevent the Holocaust from recurring. (worldebookfair.com)
  • Thus, no two nuclear powers have yet fought a conventional war directly , with the exception of two brief skirmishes between, China and Russia in the 1969 Sino-Soviet conflict and between India and Pakistan in the 1999 Kargil War . (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel (1960s) and North Korea (2006) are also thought to have developed stocks of nuclear weapons, though it is not known how many. (wikipedia.org)
  • North Korea exploded its first nuclear device in October 2006. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nuclear weapons are explosive devices that release nuclear energy . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Iran denied the claims and asserted that its nuclear programs were designed for the peaceful uses of atomic energy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nuclear power already delivers less energy globally than renewable energy, and the share will continue to decrease in the coming years. (greenpeace.org)
  • acoustic warfare (*) -- Action involving the use of underwater acoustic energy to determine, exploit, reduce or prevent hostile use of the underwater acoustic spectrum and actions which retain friendly use of the underwater acoustic spectrum. (af.mil)
  • That aspect of acoustic warfare involving actions to search for, intercept, locate, record and analyze radiated acoustic energy in water for purpose of exploiting such radiations. (af.mil)
  • in a nuclear reactor, the energy is converted to heat as the particles and gamma rays collide with the atoms that make up the reactor and its working fluid, usually water or occasionally heavy water. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • On one side is the Chairman, a man armed with essentially no experience or professional training associated with the effective use of the gift of nuclear energy. (atomicinsights.com)
  • Such is the force of Chinese outbound FDI that we can expect ever fiercer controversies about Beijing's role in 5G (Huawei), in nuclear energy ( Hinkley Point , Bradwell B, Sizewell C), and in Europe generally. (spiked-online.com)
  • Greenpeace has always fought - and will continue to fight - vigorously against nuclear power because it is an unacceptable risk to the environment and to humanity. (greenpeace.org)
  • This is revealed in his conceptions of "the people in arms" which he noted arose from the same social and political sources as traditional inter-state warfare. (wikipedia.org)