Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.Heart Septum: This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.Septum of Brain: GRAY MATTER structures of the telencephalon and LIMBIC SYSTEM in the brain, but containing widely varying definitions among authors. Included here is the cortical septal area, subcortical SEPTAL NUCLEI, and the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM.Electronic Nose: A device used to detect airborne odors, gases, flavors, volatile substances or vapors.Ventricular Septum: The muscular structure separating the right and the left lower chambers (HEART VENTRICLES) of the heart. The ventricular septum consists of a very small membranous portion just beneath the AORTIC VALVE, and a large thick muscular portion consisting of three sections including the inlet septum, the trabecular septum, and the outlet septum.Septum Pellucidum: A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the LATERAL VENTRICLES of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the CORPUS CALLOSUM and the body and columns of the FORNIX (BRAIN).Nasal Septum: The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.Atrial Septum: The thin membrane-like muscular structure separating the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a heart.Nose Deformities, Acquired: Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease.Nose Diseases: Disorders of the nose, general or unspecified.Nose Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the NOSE.Rhinoplasty: A plastic surgical operation on the nose, either reconstructive, restorative, or cosmetic. (Dorland, 28th ed)Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.Nasal Mucosa: The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Nasal Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.Electronics: The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pulmonary Atresia: A congenital heart defect characterized by the narrowing or complete absence of the opening between the RIGHT VENTRICLE and the PULMONARY ARTERY. Lacking a normal PULMONARY VALVE, unoxygenated blood in the right ventricle can not be effectively pumped into the lung for oxygenation. Clinical features include rapid breathing, CYANOSIS, right ventricle atrophy, and abnormal heart sounds (HEART MURMURS).Otolaryngology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.Septal Nuclei: Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of FOREBRAIN and BRAIN STEM areas including the HIPPOCAMPAL FORMATION, the LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS, the tegmentum, and the AMYGDALA. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.Turbinates: The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.Diagonal Band of Broca: Cholinergic bundle of nerve fibers posterior to the anterior perforated substance. It interconnects the paraterminal gyrus in the septal area with the hippocampus and lateral olfactory area.Chitin Synthase: An enzyme that converts UDP glucosamine into chitin and UDP. EC 2.4.1.16.Heart Septal Defects: Abnormalities in any part of the HEART SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communication between the left and the right chambers of the heart. The abnormal blood flow inside the heart may be caused by defects in the ATRIAL SEPTUM, the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM, or both.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Epistaxis: Bleeding from the nose.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Nasal Cartilages: Hyaline cartilages in the nose. There are five major nasal cartilages including two lateral, two alar, and one septal.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Olfactory Mucosa: That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Paranasal Sinuses: Air-filled spaces located within the bones around the NASAL CAVITY. They are extensions of the nasal cavity and lined by the ciliated NASAL MUCOSA. Each sinus is named for the cranial bone in which it is located, such as the ETHMOID SINUS; the FRONTAL SINUS; the MAXILLARY SINUS; and the SPHENOID SINUS.Heart Septal Defects, Atrial: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Maxillary Sinus: The air space located in the body of the MAXILLARY BONE near each cheek. Each maxillary sinus communicates with the middle passage (meatus) of the NASAL CAVITY on the same side.Mouth Breathing: Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Rhinitis: Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.Abnormalities, MultipleSmell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).Schizosaccharomyces: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Schizosaccharomycetaceae, order Schizosaccharomycetales.Pulmonary Valve: A valve situated at the entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle.Spores, Bacterial: Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Lipomatosis: A disorder characterized by the accumulation of encapsulated or unencapsulated tumor-like fatty tissue resembling LIPOMA.Conductometry: Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Nasal Surgical Procedures: Surgical operations on the nose and nasal cavity.Nasal Provocation Tests: Application of allergens to the nasal mucosa. Interpretation includes observation of nasal symptoms, rhinoscopy, and rhinomanometry. Nasal provocation tests are used in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity, including RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.Hyphae: Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Paranasal Sinus Diseases: Diseases affecting or involving the PARANASAL SINUSES and generally manifesting as inflammation, abscesses, cysts, or tumors.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Polychondritis, Relapsing: An acquired disease of unknown etiology, chronic course, and tendency to recur. It is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of cartilage and can result in deformities such as floppy ear and saddle nose. Loss of cartilage in the respiratory tract can lead to respiratory obstruction.Nasal Bone: Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.Tricuspid Valve: The valve consisting of three cusps situated between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart.Administration, Intranasal: Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cytokinesis: The process by which the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided.Rhinometry, Acoustic: Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).Transposition of Great Vessels: A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Foramen Ovale: An opening in the wall between the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a fetal heart. Oval foramen normally closes soon after birth; when it fails to close the condition is called PATENT OVAL FORAMEN.Amorphophallus: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. Members contain konjac glucomannan (MANNANS) and SEROTONIN.Endocardium: The innermost layer of the heart, comprised of endothelial cells.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Heart Aneurysm: A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Ear Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Choline O-Acetyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of acetylcholine from acetyl-CoA and choline. EC 2.3.1.6.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Chitin: A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.Bacillus subtilis: A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.Rhinophyma: A manifestation of severe ROSACEA resulting in significant enlargement of the NOSE and occurring primarily in men. It is caused by hypertrophy of the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and surrounding CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The nose is reddened and marked with TELANGIECTASIS.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Myxoma: A benign neoplasm derived from connective tissue, consisting chiefly of polyhedral and stellate cells that are loosely embedded in a soft mucoid matrix, thereby resembling primitive mesenchymal tissue. It occurs frequently intramuscularly where it may be mistaken for a sarcoma. It appears also in the jaws and the skin. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PARANASAL SINUSES.Heart Valves: Flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of BLOOD from the HEART VENTRICLES to the HEART ATRIA or from the PULMONARY ARTERIES or AORTA to the ventricles.Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)Orbital Diseases: Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Cholinergic Fibers: Nerve fibers liberating acetylcholine at the synapse after an impulse.Palate: The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).Echocardiography, Transesophageal: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.Prosencephalon: The anterior of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryonic brain arising from the NEURAL TUBE. It subdivides to form DIENCEPHALON and TELENCEPHALON. (Stedmans Medical Dictionary, 27th ed)Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Nasal Decongestants: Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial: Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Nasal Lavage Fluid: Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Atrioventricular Node: A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Sinusitis: Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Exhalation: The act of BREATHING out.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Lipoma: A benign tumor composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It can be surrounded by a thin layer of connective tissue (encapsulated), or diffuse without the capsule.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Vomeronasal Organ: An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Rhinomanometry: Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac: Methods to induce and measure electrical activities at specific sites in the heart to diagnose and treat problems with the heart's electrical system.Cardiac Pacing, Artificial: Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Biosensing Techniques: Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Eyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.Pulmonary Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the PULMONARY VALVE. This lesion restricts blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERY. When the trileaflet valve is fused into an imperforate membrane, the blockage is complete.Ventricular Function, Right: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.PeptidoglycanRespiratory Tract DiseasesTheta Rhythm: Brain waves characterized by a frequency of 4-7 Hz, usually observed in the temporal lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed and sleepy.Ventricular Outflow Obstruction: Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Receptors, Odorant: Proteins, usually projecting from the cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, that specifically bind odorant molecules and trigger responses in the neurons. The large number of different odorant receptors appears to arise from several gene families or subfamilies rather than from DNA rearrangement.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Environment, Controlled: A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Aspergillus nidulans: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Tarsiidae: The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Aerosols: Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular: Enlargement of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is often attributed to PULMONARY HYPERTENSION and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Granuloma, Lethal Midline: A condition that is characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and perforation of the nose and the PALATE with progressive destruction of midline facial structures. This syndrome can be manifested in several diseases including the nasal type of EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA and GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS.Groin: The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Rhinosporidium: A genus in the order Dermocystidium, class MESOMYCETOZOEA. It causes RHINOSPORIDIOSIS in MAMMALS and BIRDS.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Truncus Arteriosus, Persistent: A congenital anomaly caused by the failed development of TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS into separate AORTA and PULMONARY ARTERY. It is characterized by a single arterial trunk that forms the outlet for both HEART VENTRICLES and gives rise to the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary arteries. It is always accompanied by a ventricular septal defect.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Endocardial Cushion Defects: A spectrum of septal defects involving the ATRIAL SEPTUM; VENTRICULAR SEPTUM; and the atrioventricular valves (TRICUSPID VALVE; BICUSPID VALVE). These defects are due to incomplete growth and fusion of the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS which are important in the formation of two atrioventricular canals, site of future atrioventricular valves.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Fornix, Brain: Heavily myelinated fiber bundle of the TELENCEPHALON projecting from the hippocampal formation to the HYPOTHALAMUS. Some authorities consider the fornix part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM. The fimbria starts as a flattened band of axons arising from the subiculum and HIPPOCAMPUS, which then thickens to form the fornix.Actomyosin: A protein complex of actin and MYOSINS occurring in muscle. It is the essential contractile substance of muscle.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Body Surface Potential Mapping: Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)Air Movements: The motion of air currents.Masks: Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)Esthetics: The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.Bundle of His: Small band of specialized CARDIAC MUSCLE fibers that originates in the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE and extends into the membranous part of the interventricular septum. The bundle of His, consisting of the left and the right bundle branches, conducts the electrical impulses to the HEART VENTRICLES in generation of MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION.Urogenital Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.Freeze Etching: A replica technique in which cells are frozen to a very low temperature and cracked with a knife blade to expose the interior surfaces of the cells or cell membranes. The cracked cell surfaces are then freeze-dried to expose their constituents. The surfaces are now ready for shadowing to be viewed using an electron microscope. This method differs from freeze-fracturing in that no cryoprotectant is used and, thus, allows for the sublimation of water during the freeze-drying process to etch the surfaces.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Rats, Inbred F344Ventricular Function: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.Anticestodal Agents: Agents used to treat tapeworm infestations in man or animals.
Nerves of septum of nose. Right side. Lateral wall of nasal cavity. Coronal section of nasal cavities. Sagittal section of nose ...
"A Nose for Fashion. Septum Piercings are the Latest Trend". Hull Daily Mail. 13 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015. Ooi ... Nose piercing also has a long history. c. 1500 BCE, the Vedas refer to Lakshmi's nose piercings, but modern practice in India ... In Genesis 24:22, Abraham's servant gave Rebecca a nose ring. Nose piercing has been practiced by the Bedouin tribes of the ... Nose piercing is documented as far back as 1500 BC. Piercings of these types have been documented globally, while lip and ...
Bones and cartilages of septum of nose. Right side. Perpendicular plate of Ethmoid. This article incorporates text in the ... and assists in forming the septum of the nose; it is generally deflected a little to one or other side. The anterior border ... The inferior border is thicker than the posterior, and serves for the attachment of the septal nasal cartilage of the nose. The ... "Nasal septum, lateral view" lesson9 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (nasalseptumbonescarti). ...
The distinctive human nose shape, nostrils, and nasal septum. The cheeks covering the maxilla and mandibula (or jaw), the ... a caricature of Osama bin Laden might focus on his facial hair and nose; a caricature of George W. Bush might enlarge his ears ...
Gold ornaments were put in the nose and nasal septum. Rattles were put in the right hand and a gold shield was put in the left ...
Rhinectomy is the removal of part or all of the nose. Salpingectomy is the removal of the fallopian tubes. Salpingo- ... Septectomy is the removal of a septum. Splenectomy is the surgical removal of the spleen. Autosplenectomy is where certain ... Laryngectomy is the surgical removal of the larynx, which involves separating the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus. ...
Owing to a deviated septum, Jordan has a constantly running nose. In episode 4, he attempted to drink the engine oil out of a ...
Rhinoplasty, surgery involving the entire nose Turbinectomy Empty nose syndrome "Repair of a Deviated Septum (Septoplasty) - ... Ideally, the septum should run down the center of the nose. When it deviates into one of the cavities, it narrows that cavity ... Deviated nasal septum or "crooked" internal nose can occur at childbirth or as the result of an injury or other trauma. If the ... Septoplasty [sep′tō·plas′tē] (Etymology: L, saeptum, septum; Gk, πλάσσειν plassein - to shape), or alternatively submucous ...
Ninety percent of nose bleeds (epistaxis) occur in Little's area, as it is exposed to the drying effect of inspiratory currents ... Little described the area as being "about half an inch .... from the lower edge of the middle of the column [septum]." Terms ... Diseases of Ear,Nose and Throat. Elsevier. Doyle, DE (Mar 1986). "Anterior epistaxis: a new nasal tampon for fast, effective ... Epistaxis - utmb.edu Nose Anatomy - emedicine.com Nasal Anatomy - fpnotebook.com. ...
Bones and cartilages of septum of nose. Right side. (Vomer visible at bottom left.) ... It also articulates with the septal cartilage of the nose. Function[edit]. The vomeronasal organ, also called Jacobson's organ ... It is thin, somewhat quadrilateral in shape, and forms the hinder and lower part of the nasal septum; it has two surfaces and ... The vomer forms the inferior part of the nasal septum, with the superior part formed by the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid ...
The nose has a wide internal septum and the nares open laterally. In adults, the pelage of the back can be grey, reddish, or ...
Nose: Loss of, or reduced sense of, smell (anosmia). Some patients claim extra-sensitive sense of smell. Hand and foot: ... Hypertrophy of interventricular septum and left ventricle and dilated cardiomyopathy. Gastrointestinal system: Fibrosis. ...
They changed the appearance of the nose by fracturing the nasal septum. They pierced the nose and the ear lobes to wear gold ... nose ornaments and other items. They painted their bodies for communal events with a red color powder known as achiote (Bi-Cha ...
The septum can sometimes be deviated, causing one nostril to appear larger than the other. With extreme damage to the septum ... A nostril (or naris /ˈnɛərɪs/, plural nares /ˈnɛəriːz/) is one of the two channels of the nose, from the point where they ... Fish do not breathe through their noses, but they do have two small holes used for smelling, which may, indeed, be called ... They also connect the nose to the throat (the nasopharynx), aiding in respiration. Though all four nostrils were on the outside ...
They may cause pressure necrosis of the nasal septum or lateral wall of nose. Rhinoliths can cause nasal obstruction, epistaxis ... The word is derived from the roots rhino- and -lith, literally meaning "nose stone". It is an uncommon medical phenomenon, not ...
Nasal septum perforation is rarely reported. Rare, but localized infections of the nose and pharynx with Candida albicans have ... Temporary nose and throat dryness, irritation, bleeding or unpleasant taste or smell may occur. ...
Her nose had been broken and her septum was reportedly slanted to the left side. Multiple ribs had previously healed from ... He wore tan shoes, blue jeans, had short hair and very healthy teeth and had broken his nose once in his life. He had been shot ... One was a crescent shape above his left eye, another on his forehead, on the side of his nose and a possible gunshot scar on ... She may also have had "different looking" features, such as wide-set eyes and a flat nose. She may have been living in a group ...
Septum: The piece of tissue in the middle of the nose separating the two nostrils. A septum piercing is often incorrectly ... Nose Tip: A piercing that begins within either nostril and exits at the tip of the nose. Nasallang: A set of three piercings ... While some people do have septum piercings which pass through cartilage, most septum piercings pass through the small bit of ... Nostril: A piercing passing through the nostril on either side and ending in the inside of the nose. High Nostril: A piercing ...
These pheromones are detected by the vomeronasal organ in the septum of the female's nose. This occurs because the female body ...
Likewise, if the septum is unsupported, the bridge of the nose can sink, resulting in a "saddle nose" deformity. The tip of the ... Perforated septum - The reconstruction of a saddle nose caused by a (collapsed) perforated septum, or by autoimmune problems ... G. The cartilaginous pyramid of the nose The cartilaginous septum (septum nasi) extends from the nasal bones in the midline ( ... the future upper lip and nose). The medial processes then form the septum, the philtrum, and the premaxilla of the nose; the ...
The nose may show a saddle-nose deformity. Atrophic rhinitis is also associated with similar atrophic changes in the pharynx or ... Extreme deviation of nasal septum may be accompanied by atrophic rhinitis on the wider side. The ciliated columnar epithelium ... Bleeding from the nose, also called epistaxis, may occur when the dried discharge (crusts) are removed. Septal perforation and ... Empty nose syndrome Dutt SN, Kameswaran M (November 2005). "The aetiology and management of atrophic rhinitis". J Laryngol Otol ...
They did practice tooth avulsion, ritual scarification and piercing of the septum to wear nose bones. Polygamy was common, and ...
Nez Perce warriors wore wolf teeth pushed through the septums of their noses. Cheyenne medicine men wrapped wolf fur on sacred ...
Finally, fibers occur by which the muscle is connected with the maxillæ and the septum of the nose above and with the mandible ... seen on the lip beneath the septum of the nose. The additional fibers for the lower lip constitute a slip m. incisivus labii ... nasolabialis connects the upper lip to the back of the septum of the nose. The interval between the two medial bands ...
This can result in collapse of the nasal septum with saddle-nose deformity, which is painless but irreversible. Inflammation ... The inflammation of the cartilage of the nose involves the bridge of the nose and is often less marked as the ears. Statistics ... His patient was a 32-year-old male brewer who presented with fever, asymmetric polyarthritis, and the ears and nose showed ...
The vast majority of nose bleeds occur in the anterior (front) part of the nose from the nasal septum. This area is richly ... The word epistaxis (/ˌɛpɪˈstæksɪs/) is from Greek: ἐπιστάζω epistazo, "to bleed from the nose" from ἐπί epi, "above, over" and ... A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose. It is usually noticed when the blood ... Foreign bodies (such as fingers during nose-picking). *Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic ...
Rhinoplasty can correct and relieve airway obstructions within the nose, such as a deviated septum or enlarged turbinates, to ... Rhinoplasty, also known as "nose reshaping" or a "nose job," can improve the appearance and function of the nose. From the ... Often requires cartilage grafts from the ears, ribs, or septum to augment the nose ... Whether you feel your nose is too large, too wide, asymmetrical, or has an unattractive angle, nose surgery can improve the ...
If the patient has a deviated septum, the surgeon will adjust the septum and the inner structures of the nose to improve ... Any additional cartilage needed to augment the nose can often be taken from the septum. ... What is the recovery from nose surgery like?. For a short time after surgery, patients may experience puffiness, nose ache or a ... Rhinoplasty, or nose surgery, is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures performed today. It can reshape, reduce or ...
Emre ilhan NOSE SURGERY & REVISION RHINOPLASTY Anaesthetic: General Anesthesia Duration of operation: Approximately 2 or 2,5 ... Are there any new techniques to repair a deviated septum. Is cauterization used? Does the nose always have to be packed after ... Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital Septal surgery Ear, Nose and Throat ... BLOCKED NOSE. By Mr Turlough Farnan and Mr Julian Rowe-Jones BLOCKED NOSE By Mr Turlough Farnan and Mr Julian Rowe-Jones ENT-UK ...
Kassir performs nose jobs, rhinoplasty, and revision rhinoplasty in NJ. The best rhinoplasty surgeon in NJ, he specializes in ... Does a crooked nose necessarily mean a deviated septum?. Not necessarily. While a deviated septum could create a crooked nose, ... Can I make the bridge of my nose lower and flatter (Asian nose)?. A typical "Asian" nose can indeed be crafted via a shaving ... This occurs when a dorsal hump is shaved down, when there is septum deviation correction, and when a wide nose needs to be ...
If the patient has a deviated septum, the septum and inner structures of the nose are adjusted to improve breathing. The ... If additional cartilage is needed to augment the nose, it is frequently taken from the patients nasal septum. If larger ... Rhinoplasty (nose surgery) is one of the most frequently performed plastic surgery procedures. During rhinoplasty, the nose is ... for a patient with a deviated septum, it is often performed along with septoplasty, a procedure that corrects a deviated septum ...
FACT: Only surgical rhinoplasty will fully correct a deviated septum which causes breathing problems and bloody noses. ... Is the surgical method of rhinoplasty for you? Or, is the non surgical rhinoplasty the road you want to take for nose ...
Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to alter the function and appearance of the nose. Although the reasons for ... Endoscopic examination of the nose is performed to aid in assessment of the septum, inferior turbinates and other aspects of ... When you wake up there will be tapes or a plastic splint on the outside of the nose and silicone splints inside the nose. There ... The nose usually looks OK by 2-3 weeks after the surgery but there is some delayed swelling especially around the tip of the ...
... sometimes also called a Nose Job or Nose Surgery, is a procedure performed to improve the appearance of the nose. Some people ... People also seek out Rhinoplasty Monmouth County due to functional issues such as airway obstructions as in a deviated septum. ... The appearance of the nose can greatly effect the harmony and balance of our entire face. In some patients a combination ... The nose may become aesthetically displeasing following an injury that may leave is crooked. ...
... of the nose. During a septorhinoplasty, the surgeon will operate on the septum (the cartilage that separates the two nostrils) ... the anatomy of the nose itself and any previous nose surgery or trauma are all things that can affect how a rhinoplasty is ... they should not rest on the nose for long periods during the first few weeks of recovery whilst the nose is still tender. ... as well as the nose externally. Each nose has its own individual anatomy, and this renders planning a rhinoplasty a very ...
Ear, Nose and Throat Conditions. The following are some of the conditions and diseases that are commonly seen and treated at ... Nasal airway obstruction conditions such as deviated septum, allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps ... Our surgeons combine world-class experience and expertise in the treatment and management of ear, nose and throat disorders. ... laser surgery of the nose and airway ...
Rhinoplasty (correction of nose shape) is the surgical intervention, the aim of which is to change the shape and anatomy of the ... when the patient is barely breathing due to the curve of the septum or huge turbinates. ... There are lot of reasons to turn to aesthetic surgery on the nose. This is a huge conk on the lovely girlish face, or excessive ... In childhood unsuccessfully fought and I broke my nose and it fused not good, the result of which was an imbalance. It dont ...
Cosmetic Surgery for the Nose. Nose Job Basics A nose job (technically called ... ... Soft plastic splints may also be placed in your nostrils to stabilize the septum and divide the wall between the air passages ... Be sure to tell your doctor about all your previous nose surgery or if you suffered an injury to your nose, no matter how long ... This approach allows your doctor to see the entire structure of the nose. He will then resculpt the nose to the desired shape. ...
Anatomical or functional abnormalities of the nose or nasal airway for which rhinoplasty procedures may be indicated ... Benefits: Avoid overlooking nasal airway obstruction; refine the surgical plan; identify deviated nasal septum, nasal valve ... Ear-Nose-Throat of Georgia, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; Scott R. Chaiet, MD, MBA, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center ... mask that involves the nose (e.g., nasal mask, nasal pillows, full-face mask) may be contraindicated, as it may affect the ...
... nose, and throat including issues related to sinuses. ... Despite its benefits, crusting of the exposed nasal septum, ... We describe a simple technique of positioning a Silastic sheet over the exposed nasal septum for 4 weeks after nasoseptal flap ... This approach involves harvesting donor muco-perichondrium/periosteum from the nasal septum as a means to reestablish the ... improved healing and accelerated re-mucosalization of the denuded septum. Additional advantages of this approach include its ...
There are many problems that can affect the nose including a deviated septum, nasal polyps, nosebleeds, rhinitis, and nasal ... Broken Nose (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) * Deviated Septum (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head ... Stuffy or runny nose - adult (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Stuffy or runny nose - children (Medical Encyclopedia) ... Your nose also contains the nerve cells that help your sense of smell. When there is a problem with your nose, your whole body ...
Nose Cartilage Wall) Piercing. Plan ahead before you get your septum pierced to make sure it is done safely and professionally ... Your nose will likely be tender for several weeks after your septum has been pierced. Treat your nose tenderly when touching it ... www.healcure.org/nose/septum-piercing/infected-septum-piercing-symptoms-pictures-bump-care-treatments/ ... Decide whether a septum piercing is compatible with your work environment. In some workplaces, septum piercings can be a ...
I am here because I believe that I may have a deviated septum. Ever ... Ear, Nose & Throat. 6. 06-27-2007 01:47 PM. Can a deviated septum cause all of this? Kate85. Ear, Nose & Throat. 1. 08-04-2006 ... Re: Deviated Septum Hi Karihager,. My nose was broken when I was 15. As a result, my septum was deviated to the right. I ... Ear, Nose & Throat Message Board HealthBoards , Otolaryngology , Ear, Nose & Throat > Deviated Septum ...
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HealthBoards , Otolaryngology , Ear, Nose & Throat > Deviated septum, throat fatigue Deviated septum, throat fatigue Page 1 of ... Re: Deviated septum, throat fatigue Hi,. I can relate to you as I also have a deviated septum. I also constantly have a hoarse ... Re: Deviated septum, throat fatigue Hi Kenshin13,. I can relate so much to what you wrote. I had a baby voice as I call it, ... Re: Deviated septum, throat fatigue Yeah I think Ive got into a bad habbit with the way I talk, using my upper part to speak ...
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Human articular cartilage defects can be treated with nasal septum cells because they are able to adapt to the environment of ... Nasal Septum Cells: From Nose To Knee, Engineered Cartilage Regenerates Joints. By News Staff , August 28th 2014 07:16 AM , ... Human articular cartilage defects can be treated with nasal septum cells because they are able to adapt to the environment of ... Cartilage cells from the nasal septum (nasal chondrocytes) have a distinct capacity to generate a new cartilage tissue after ...
Septum jewelry is a bit different from your average nose ring because they are specifically designed to be worn in piercings of ... They are not ordinary nose piercings. A septum piercing provides great scope of experimenting with your looks. It is the main ... Gold-Plated Septum rings for the bling lovers. *Fake septum piercings for people who are skin conscious yet like to stand out ... We offer all these septum piercings at factory-direct prices!. Our Vast Collection of Septum Piercings is breathtaking!. * ...
Nose rings & studs View all Nose rings & hoops Nose screws & L bends Nose studs Basic nose jewelry Gold nose jewelry Threadless ... Septum Jewelry View all Septum clickers Basic septums Seamless rings Septum captive rings Gold septums Pinchers Circular ... Septum/Nose Clickers + all septum jewelry, nose rings & studs + more. ...
  • Clinical photographs are taken of the nose and, when cosmetic alteration is planned, computer morphing is performed to help plan the desired outcome. (entsunshinecoast.com.au)
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