A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
A device used to detect airborne odors, gases, flavors, volatile substances or vapors.
Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease.
Disorders of the nose, general or unspecified.
Tumors or cancer of the NOSE.
A plastic surgical operation on the nose, either reconstructive, restorative, or cosmetic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Bleeding from the nose.
The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.
That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Hyaline cartilages in the nose. There are five major nasal cartilages including two lateral, two alar, and one septal.
Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.
Air-filled spaces located within the bones around the NASAL CAVITY. They are extensions of the nasal cavity and lined by the ciliated NASAL MUCOSA. Each sinus is named for the cranial bone in which it is located, such as the ETHMOID SINUS; the FRONTAL SINUS; the MAXILLARY SINUS; and the SPHENOID SINUS.
Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
Surgical operations on the nose and nasal cavity.
Application of allergens to the nasal mucosa. Interpretation includes observation of nasal symptoms, rhinoscopy, and rhinomanometry. Nasal provocation tests are used in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity, including RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
An acquired disease of unknown etiology, chronic course, and tendency to recur. It is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of cartilage and can result in deformities such as floppy ear and saddle nose. Loss of cartilage in the respiratory tract can lead to respiratory obstruction.
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).
A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. Members contain konjac glucomannan (MANNANS) and SEROTONIN.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.
'Abnormalities, Multiple' is a broad term referring to the presence of two or more structural or functional anomalies in an individual, which may be genetic or environmental in origin, and can affect various systems and organs of the body.
A manifestation of severe ROSACEA resulting in significant enlargement of the NOSE and occurring primarily in men. It is caused by hypertrophy of the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and surrounding CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The nose is reddened and marked with TELANGIECTASIS.
Tumors or cancer of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
The part of the face above the eyes.
Diseases affecting or involving the PARANASAL SINUSES and generally manifesting as inflammation, abscesses, cysts, or tumors.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
The act of BREATHING out.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.
Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
Respiratory tract diseases are a broad range of medical conditions that affect the nose, throat, windpipe, and lungs, impairing breathing and oxygen uptake, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, bronchitis, influenza, tuberculosis, and sleep apnea.
Proteins, usually projecting from the cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, that specifically bind odorant molecules and trigger responses in the neurons. The large number of different odorant receptors appears to arise from several gene families or subfamilies rather than from DNA rearrangement.
A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
A condition that is characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and perforation of the nose and the PALATE with progressive destruction of midline facial structures. This syndrome can be manifested in several diseases including the nasal type of EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA and GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
A genus in the order Dermocystidium, class MESOMYCETOZOEA. It causes RHINOSPORIDIOSIS in MAMMALS and BIRDS.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
A characteristic symptom complex.
The motion of air currents.
Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.
Cartilage of the EAR AURICLE and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL.
The air space located in the body of the MAXILLARY BONE near each cheek. Each maxillary sinus communicates with the middle passage (meatus) of the NASAL CAVITY on the same side.

Experimental production of respiratory tract disease in cebus monkeys after intratracheal or intranasal infection with influenza A/Victoria/3/75 or influenza A/New Jersey/76 virus. (1/1321)

A total of 28 cebus monkeys were inoculated intratracheally or intranasally with 10(6) 50% tissue culture infective doses of A/New Jersey/76 virus or 10(7) 50% tissue culture infective doses of A/Victoria/75 virus, and 8 additional monkeys received sterile allantoic fluid. Each of the animals became infected as evidenced by a serological response and/or shedding of the virus. Of the 10 animals inoculated intratracheally with A/Victoria/75 virus, 8 developed a systemic illness, and pulmonary infiltration was detected by X-ray in 7 of the 8. Administration of A/New Jersey/76 virus intratracheally to 10 monkeys produced a mild systemic illness in 2 animals and an upper respiratory tract illness in 6, but no illness developed in the remaining 2 monkeys; none of the animals developed X-ray evidence of lower respiratory tract disease. Intranasal administration of either virus failed to induce any illness or produced, at most, mild illness confined to the upper respiratory tract. These studies demonstrate that cebus monkeys are susceptible to respiratory tract infection with influenza A viruses and that the development of pulmonary disease is reflected in the appearance of easily recognizable radiological changes.  (+info)

Inhalation exposure of animals. (2/1321)

Relative advantages and disadvantages and important design criteria for various exposure methods are presented. Five types of exposures are discussed: whole-body chambers, head-only exposures, nose or mouth-only methods, lung-only exposures, and partial-lung exposures. Design considerations covered include: air cleaning and conditioning; construction materials; losses of exposure materials; evenness of exposure; sampling biases; animal observation and care; noise and vibration control, safe exhausts, chamber loading, reliability, pressure fluctuations; neck seals, masks, animal restraint methods; and animal comfort. Ethical considerations in use of animals in inhalation experiments are also discussed.  (+info)

Antibiotic resistance of nasopharyngeal isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae from children in Lesotho. (3/1321)

Villages associated with the Lesotho Highlands Development Agency were randomized with a bias in favour of larger villages, and children < 5 years of age from cluster-randomized households in these villages were chosen for the assessment of antibiotic resistance in pneumococci. Children of the same age group attending clinics in the capital, Maseru, were selected for comparison. Nasopharyngeal cultures of Streptococcus pneumoniae from both groups of children were examined for antibiotic resistance and a questionnaire was used to assess risk factors for the acquisition of resistant strains. Carriage of penicillin- and tetracycline-resistant pneumococci was significantly higher among 196 Maseru children compared with 324 rural children (P < 0.05 and P = 0.01, respectively). Maseru children tended to visit clinics at an earlier age compared with their rural counterparts. The rural children were less exposed to antibiotics (P < 0.01), were less frequently hospitalized (P < 0.001), and rarely attended day care centres (P < 0.001). The very low incidence of antibiotic resistance in rural Lesotho and the higher incidence in Maseru are in stark contrast with the much higher frequencies found in the Republic of South Africa, many European countries, and the USA.  (+info)

Comparison of cephalometric analysis using a non-radiographic sonic digitizer (DigiGraph Workstation) with conventional radiography. (4/1321)

Cephalometric analysis conventionally requires radiographic exposure which may not be compatible with the growing concern over radiation hazards. Recently, the Dolphin Workstation Imaging System introduced to the dental profession a non-radiographic system, called the DigiGraph Workstation which may be an alternative to cephalometric radiography. The aims of this study were to compare the validity and reproducibility of cephalometric measurements obtained from the DigiGraph Workstation with conventional cephalometric radiographs. The sample consisted of 30 human dry skulls. Two replicated sets of lateral cephalograms were obtained with steel ball markers placed at the majority of the cephalometric landmarks. Duplicate tracings prepared from each radiograph were digitized to obtain cephalometric measurements using the computer software, Dentofacial Planner. For the DigiGraph Workstation, double sonic digitizations were repeated twice for each skull, on two occasions. Fifteen angular and one linear measurements were obtained from both methods and these findings compared using ANOVA, paired t-tests and F-tests. All, except one, cephalometric measurement showed significant differences between the two methods (P < 0.0001). The DigiGraph Workstation consistently produced higher values in 11 measurements (mean differences +0.5 to +15.7 degrees or mm) and lower values in four measurements (mean differences -0.2 to -3.5 degrees). The standard deviations of the differences between readings of both methods were large (0.4-5.8 degrees or mm). The reproducibility of the DigiGraph Workstation measurements was lower than that of the radiographic measurements. The method error of the DigiGraph Workstation ranged from 7 to 70 per cent, while that of radiographic tracings was less than 2 per cent. It was concluded that measurements obtained with the DigiGraph Workstation should be interpreted with caution.  (+info)

Impact of nasal ventilation on survival in hypercapnic Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (5/1321)

BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure is the commonest cause of death in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Life expectancy is less than one year once diurnal hypercapnia develops. This study examines the effects of nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) on survival in symptomatic Duchenne patients with established ventilatory failure. METHODS: Nocturnal NIPPV was applied in 23 consecutive patients with DMD of mean (SD) age 20.3 (3.4) years who presented with diurnal and nocturnal hypercapnia. RESULTS: One year and five year survival rates were 85% (95% CI 69 to 100) and 73% (95% CI 53 to 94), respectively. Early changes in arterial blood gas tensions following NIPPV occurred with mean (SD) PO2 increasing from 7.6 (2.1) kPa to 10.8 (1.3) kPa and mean (SD) PCO2 falling from 10.3 (4.5) kPa to 6.1 (1.0) kPa. Improvements in arterial blood gas tensions were maintained over five years. Health perception and social aspects of SF-36 health related quality of life index were reported as equivalent to other groups with nonprogressive disorders using NIPPV. CONCLUSIONS: Nasal ventilation is likely to increase survival in hypercapnic patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and should be considered as a treatment option when ventilatory failure develops.  (+info)

Efficacy of nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy in chronic heart failure: importance of underlying cardiac rhythm. (6/1321)

BACKGROUND: Some previous reports have indicated beneficial cardiac effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF), but others have reported deleterious cardiac effects, particularly among patients in atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to determine if differences in cardiac rhythm influence the acute cardiac response to NCPAP. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with CHF were recruited, six in atrial fibrillation (AF) and five with sinus rhythm (SR). Cardiac index was measured during awake NCPAP application by the thermodilution technique during cardiac catheterisation. NCPAP was applied in a randomised sequence at pressures of 0, 5, and 10 cm H2O with three 30 minute applications separated by 20 minute recovery periods without NCPAP. RESULTS: Significant differences were found between the AF and SR groups for cardiac index responses to NCPAP (p = 0.004, ANOVA) with a fall in cardiac index in the AF group (p = 0.02) and a trend towards an increase in the SR group (p = 0.10). Similar differences were seen between the groups in stroke volume index responses but not in heart rate responses. Changes in systemic vascular resistance were also significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.005, ANOVA), rising in the AF group but falling in the SR group. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate an important effect of underlying cardiac rhythm on the awake haemodynamic effects of NCPAP in patients with CHF.  (+info)

Effect on nasal resistance of an external nasal splint and isotonic exercise. (7/1321)

OBJECTIVES: The now commonplace wearing of external nasal splints by sportsmen and athletes has never been scientifically evaluated. The present study looks into the effect of isotonic exercise on nasal resistance, and examines whether this effect is altered by the wearing of an external nasal splint. METHODS: Twenty subjects not suffering from rhinitis were tested. Nasal resistance measurements were recorded using an anterior rhinomanometer before and after isotonic exercise with and without an external nasal splint. Pulse and blood pressure were measured before and after exercise. RESULTS: Significant changes were observed in pulse (p < 0.001) and both systolic (p < 0.002) and diastolic (p < 0.001) blood pressure in response to exercise. Significant differences were seen in nasal resistance when the splint was applied (p < 0.001) and after exercise (p < 0.003). No significant difference was observed after exercise when the splint was worn (p = 0.167). CONCLUSIONS: External nasal splints decrease nasal resistance at rest but are of little value during isotonic exercise.  (+info)

Reverse transcription-competitive multiplex PCR improves quantification of mRNA in clinical samples--application to the low abundance CFTR mRNA. (8/1321)

BACKGROUND: To monitor gene therapy, we wished to quantify cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mRNA. We developed a PCR-based method to measure CFTR mRNA in clinical samples. METHODS: Expression was determined by reverse transcription-competitive multiplex PCR (RCMP) for CFTR and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) transcripts, and for serial dilutions of two internal cDNA standards consisting of CFTR and GAPDH mutants containing short deletions. The RCMP used simultaneous amplification of the gene of interest with a reporter gene in one reaction tube. The expression of CFTR was calculated with reference to the amount of GAPDH to correct for variations in initial RNA loading. RESULTS: Amplification of cDNAs derived from different amounts of RNA (1-4 microgram) gave similar GAPDH/CFTR ratios, with a coefficient of variation (CV) below 7.5%. RCMP was applied on nasal and bronchial brushings and shows a high variability of CFTR expression in non-cystic fibrosis donors. CONCLUSION: This method is precise and reproducible and advantageous for use with limited amounts of tissue, such as from biopsies or from nasal or bronchial brushings.  (+info)

A nose, in a medical context, refers to the external part of the human body that is located on the face and serves as the primary organ for the sense of smell. It is composed of bone and cartilage, with a thin layer of skin covering it. The nose also contains nasal passages that are lined with mucous membranes and tiny hairs known as cilia. These structures help to filter, warm, and moisturize the air we breathe in before it reaches our lungs. Additionally, the nose plays an essential role in the process of verbal communication by shaping the sounds we make when we speak.

An "Electronic Nose" is a device that analytically detects, identifies, and quantifies volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in gaseous samples to identify specific odors or chemical compositions. It typically consists of an array of electronic gas sensors with partial specificity and pattern recognition software to analyze the response patterns of these sensors. The device mimics the functioning of a human nose, which can recognize a wide range of smells based on the unique pattern of activation of its olfactory receptors. Electronic noses have applications in various fields, including medical diagnostics, food quality control, environmental monitoring, and security.

Acquired nose deformities refer to structural changes or abnormalities in the shape of the nose that occur after birth, as opposed to congenital deformities which are present at birth. These deformities can result from various factors such as trauma, injury, infection, tumors, or surgical procedures. Depending on the severity and cause of the deformity, it may affect both the aesthetic appearance and functionality of the nose, potentially causing difficulty in breathing, sinus problems, or sleep apnea. Treatment options for acquired nose deformities may include minimally invasive procedures, such as fillers or laser surgery, or more extensive surgical interventions, such as rhinoplasty or septoplasty, to restore both form and function to the nose.

Nose diseases, also known as rhinologic disorders, refer to a wide range of conditions that affect the nose and its surrounding structures. These may include:

1. Nasal Allergies (Allergic Rhinitis): An inflammation of the inner lining of the nose caused by an allergic reaction to substances such as pollen, dust mites, or mold.

2. Sinusitis: Inflammation or infection of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities in the skull that surround the nasal cavity.

3. Nasal Polyps: Soft, fleshy growths that develop on the lining of the nasal passages or sinuses.

4. Deviated Septum: A condition where the thin wall (septum) between the two nostrils is displaced to one side, causing difficulty breathing through the nose.

5. Rhinitis Medicamentosa: Nasal congestion caused by overuse of decongestant nasal sprays.

6. Nosebleeds (Epistaxis): Bleeding from the nostrils, which can be caused by a variety of factors including dryness, trauma, or underlying medical conditions.

7. Nasal Fractures: Breaks in the bone structure of the nose, often caused by trauma.

8. Tumors: Abnormal growths that can occur in the nasal passages or sinuses. These can be benign or malignant.

9. Choanal Atresia: A congenital condition where the back of the nasal passage is blocked, often by a thin membrane or bony partition.

10. Nasal Valve Collapse: A condition where the side walls of the nose collapse inward during breathing, causing difficulty breathing through the nose.

These are just a few examples of the many diseases that can affect the nose.

Nose neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. These growths can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign neoplasms are typically slow-growing and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant neoplasms can invade surrounding tissues and have the potential to metastasize.

Nose neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as nasal congestion, nosebleeds, difficulty breathing through the nose, loss of smell, facial pain or numbness, and visual changes if they affect the eye. The diagnosis of nose neoplasms usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging studies (such as CT or MRI scans), and biopsy to determine the type and extent of the growth. Treatment options depend on the type, size, location, and stage of the neoplasm and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches.

Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure performed on the nose to reshape its structure or improve its function. This may involve altering the bone, cartilage, or soft tissues of the nose to change its appearance, straighten its bridge, reduce or increase its size, narrow its width at the nostrils, or change the angle between the nose and upper lip. It can also be done to correct birth defects, injuries, or help relieve breathing problems. The procedure is usually performed by an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist) or a plastic surgeon, and it requires a thorough understanding of nasal anatomy and function.

The nasal cavity is the air-filled space located behind the nose, which is divided into two halves by the nasal septum. It is lined with mucous membrane and is responsible for several functions including respiration, filtration, humidification, and olfaction (smell). The nasal cavity serves as an important part of the upper respiratory tract, extending from the nares (nostrils) to the choanae (posterior openings of the nasal cavity that lead into the pharynx). It contains specialized structures such as turbinate bones, which help to warm, humidify and filter incoming air.

Otorhinolaryngologic diseases, also known as ear, nose, and throat (ENT) diseases, refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the ears, nose, and/or throat. These specialized areas are closely related both anatomically and functionally, and disorders in one area can often have impacts on the others.

Here are some examples of otorhinolaryngologic diseases categorized by the affected area:

1. Otologic diseases - affecting the ear:
* Otitis media (ear infection)
* Otitis externa (swimmer's ear)
* Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
* Hearing loss
* Meniere's disease (inner ear disorder causing vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss)
* Acoustic neuroma (noncancerous tumor on the vestibular nerve)
2. Rhinologic diseases - affecting the nose:
* Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
* Non-allergic rhinitis
* Sinusitis (sinus infection)
* Deviated septum
* Nasal polyps
* Epistaxis (nosebleed)
3. Laryngologic diseases - affecting the throat and voice box:
* Laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx, causing hoarseness or voice loss)
* Vocal cord nodules or polyps
* Reflux laryngitis (acid reflux irritating the throat)
* Subglottic stenosis (narrowing of the airway below the vocal cords)
* Laryngeal cancer
4. Common otorhinolaryngologic diseases:
* Tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils, often causing sore throat and difficulty swallowing)
* Adenoiditis (inflammation of the adenoids, commonly seen in children)
* Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA, a disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep)
* Pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx or throat)

Otorhinolaryngologists, also known as ENT specialists, diagnose and treat these conditions. They may use various methods such as physical examination, imaging studies, endoscopy, and laboratory tests to determine the best course of treatment for each individual patient.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Electronics" is not a medical term, but rather a branch of physics and engineering that deals with the design, construction, and operation of electronic devices and systems. It involves the study and application of electrical properties of materials, components, and systems, and how they can be used to process, transmit, and store information and energy.

However, electronics have numerous applications in the medical field, such as in diagnostic equipment, monitoring devices, surgical tools, and prosthetics. In these contexts, "electronics" refers to the specific electronic components or systems that are used for medical purposes.

Nasal mucosa refers to the mucous membrane that lines the nasal cavity. It is a delicate, moist, and specialized tissue that contains various types of cells including epithelial cells, goblet cells, and glands. The primary function of the nasal mucosa is to warm, humidify, and filter incoming air before it reaches the lungs.

The nasal mucosa produces mucus, which traps dust, allergens, and microorganisms, preventing them from entering the respiratory system. The cilia, tiny hair-like structures on the surface of the epithelial cells, help move the mucus towards the back of the throat, where it can be swallowed or expelled.

The nasal mucosa also contains a rich supply of blood vessels and immune cells that help protect against infections and inflammation. It plays an essential role in the body's defense system by producing antibodies, secreting antimicrobial substances, and initiating local immune responses.

Otolaryngology is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, management, and treatment of disorders related to the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and head and neck region. It's also known as ENT (Ear, Nose, Throat) specialty. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management of conditions such as hearing and balance disorders, nasal congestion, sinusitis, allergies, sleep apnea, snoring, swallowing difficulties, voice and speech problems, and head and neck tumors.

The nasal septum is the thin, flat wall of bone and cartilage that separates the two sides (nostrils) of the nose. Its primary function is to support the structures of the nose, divide the nostrils, and regulate airflow into the nasal passages. The nasal septum should be relatively centered, but it's not uncommon for a deviated septum to occur, where the septum is displaced to one side, which can sometimes cause blockage or breathing difficulties in the more affected nostril.

Nasal obstruction is a medical condition that refers to any blockage or restriction in the normal flow of air through the nasal passages. This can be caused by various factors such as inflammation, swelling, or physical abnormalities in the nasal cavity. Common causes of nasal obstruction include allergies, sinusitis, deviated septum, enlarged turbinates, and nasal polyps. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing through the nose, nasal congestion, and nasal discharge. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include medications, surgery, or lifestyle changes.

In the context of medicine, "odors" refer to smells or scents that are produced by certain medical conditions, substances, or bodily functions. These odors can sometimes provide clues about underlying health issues. For example, sweet-smelling urine could indicate diabetes, while foul-smelling breath might suggest a dental problem or gastrointestinal issue. However, it's important to note that while odors can sometimes be indicative of certain medical conditions, they are not always reliable diagnostic tools and should be considered in conjunction with other symptoms and medical tests.

Epistaxis is the medical term for nosebleed. It refers to the bleeding from the nostrils or nasal cavity, which can be caused by various factors such as dryness, trauma, inflammation, high blood pressure, or use of blood-thinning medications. Nosebleeds can range from minor nuisances to potentially life-threatening emergencies, depending on the severity and underlying cause. If you are experiencing a nosebleed that does not stop after 20 minutes of applying direct pressure, or if you are coughing up or vomiting blood, seek medical attention immediately.

In medical terms, turbinates refer to the curled bone shelves that are present inside the nasal passages. They are covered by a mucous membrane and are responsible for warming, humidifying, and filtering the air that we breathe in through our nose. There are three pairs of turbinates in each nasal passage: inferior, middle, and superior turbinates. The inferior turbinate is the largest and most significant contributor to nasal airflow resistance. Inflammation or enlargement of the turbinates can lead to nasal congestion and difficulty breathing through the nose.

In medical terms, the face refers to the front part of the head that is distinguished by the presence of the eyes, nose, and mouth. It includes the bones of the skull (frontal bone, maxilla, zygoma, nasal bones, lacrimal bones, palatine bones, inferior nasal conchae, and mandible), muscles, nerves, blood vessels, skin, and other soft tissues. The face plays a crucial role in various functions such as breathing, eating, drinking, speaking, seeing, smelling, and expressing emotions. It also serves as an important identifier for individuals, allowing them to be recognized by others.

Mouth breathing is a condition characterized by the regular habit of breathing through the mouth instead of the nose during awake states and sometimes during sleep. This can occur due to various reasons such as nasal congestion, deviated septum, enlarged tonsils or adenoids, or structural abnormalities in the jaw or airway. Prolonged mouth breathing can lead to several oral and general health issues, including dry mouth, bad breath, gum disease, and orthodontic problems. It can also affect sleep quality and cognitive function.

The pharynx is a part of the digestive and respiratory systems that serves as a conduit for food and air. It is a musculo-membranous tube extending from the base of the skull to the level of the sixth cervical vertebra where it becomes continuous with the esophagus.

The pharynx has three regions: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx. The nasopharynx is the uppermost region, which lies above the soft palate and is connected to the nasal cavity. The oropharynx is the middle region, which includes the area between the soft palate and the hyoid bone, including the tonsils and base of the tongue. The laryngopharynx is the lowest region, which lies below the hyoid bone and connects to the larynx.

The primary function of the pharynx is to convey food from the oral cavity to the esophagus during swallowing and to allow air to pass from the nasal cavity to the larynx during breathing. It also plays a role in speech, taste, and immune defense.

Rhinitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the nasal passages, leading to symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, congestion, and postnasal drip. It can be caused by various factors, including allergies (such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander), infections (viral or bacterial), environmental irritants (such as smoke or pollution), and hormonal changes. Depending on the cause, rhinitis can be classified as allergic rhinitis, non-allergic rhinitis, infectious rhinitis, or hormonal rhinitis. Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause but may include medications such as antihistamines, decongestants, nasal sprays, and immunotherapy (allergy shots).

The olfactory mucosa is a specialized mucous membrane that is located in the upper part of the nasal cavity, near the septum and the superior turbinate. It contains the olfactory receptor neurons, which are responsible for the sense of smell. These neurons have hair-like projections called cilia that are covered in a mucus layer, which helps to trap and identify odor molecules present in the air we breathe. The olfactory mucosa also contains supporting cells, blood vessels, and nerve fibers that help to maintain the health and function of the olfactory receptor neurons. Damage to the olfactory mucosa can result in a loss of smell or anosmia.

In medical terms, the sense of smell is referred to as olfaction. It is the ability to detect and identify different types of chemicals in the air through the use of the olfactory system. The olfactory system includes the nose, nasal passages, and the olfactory bulbs located in the brain.

When a person inhales air containing volatile substances, these substances bind to specialized receptor cells in the nasal passage called olfactory receptors. These receptors then transmit signals to the olfactory bulbs, which process the information and send it to the brain's limbic system, including the hippocampus and amygdala, as well as to the cortex. The brain interprets these signals and identifies the various scents or smells.

Impairment of the sense of smell can occur due to various reasons such as upper respiratory infections, sinusitis, nasal polyps, head trauma, or neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Loss of smell can significantly impact a person's quality of life, including their ability to taste food, detect dangers such as smoke or gas leaks, and experience emotions associated with certain smells.

"Foreign bodies" refer to any object or substance that is not normally present in a particular location within the body. These can range from relatively harmless items such as splinters or pieces of food in the skin or gastrointestinal tract, to more serious objects like bullets or sharp instruments that can cause significant damage and infection.

Foreign bodies can enter the body through various routes, including ingestion, inhalation, injection, or penetrating trauma. The location of the foreign body will determine the potential for harm and the necessary treatment. Some foreign bodies may pass through the body without causing harm, while others may require medical intervention such as removal or surgical extraction.

It is important to seek medical attention if a foreign body is suspected, as untreated foreign bodies can lead to complications such as infection, inflammation, and tissue damage.

Nasal cartilages are the flexible, supportive structures in the nose that contribute to its shape and structure. They are made up of tough, but elastic tissue called cartilage. There are several nasal cartilages, including:

1. The septal cartilage, which is a thin, flat strip that forms the dividing wall between the two sides of the nose.
2. The upper and lower lateral cartilages, which are located on either side of the nostrils and help to shape them.
3. The sesamoid cartilages, which are small, round pieces of cartilage that can be found near the nasal opening.

These cartilages work together to provide support and flexibility to the nose, allowing it to withstand the forces of breathing and other facial movements while maintaining its shape.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a low boiling point and easily evaporate at room temperature. They can be liquids or solids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and formaldehyde, which are found in many household products, including paints, paint strippers, and other solvents; cleaning supplies; pesticides; building materials and furnishings; office equipment such as copiers and printers, correction fluids and carbonless copy paper; and glues and adhesives.

VOCs can cause both short- and long-term health effects. Short-term exposure to high levels of VOCs can cause headaches, dizziness, visual disturbances, and memory problems. Long-term exposure can cause damage to the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Some VOCs are also suspected or known carcinogens.

It is important to properly use, store, and dispose of products that contain VOCs to minimize exposure. Increasing ventilation by opening windows and doors or using fans can also help reduce exposure to VOCs.

Paranasal sinuses are air-filled cavities in the skull that surround the nasal cavity. There are four pairs of paranasal sinuses, including the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid, and sphenoid sinuses. These sinuses help to warm, humidify, and filter the air we breathe. They also contribute to our voice resonance and provide a slight cushioning effect for the skull. The openings of the paranasal sinuses lead directly into the nasal cavity, allowing mucus produced in the sinuses to drain into the nose. Infections or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses can result in conditions such as sinusitis.

Conductometry is a method used to measure the electrical conductivity of a solution, which can change in the presence of certain ions or chemical reactions. In conductometry, a conductivity probe or electrode is placed in the solution and an electrical current is passed through it. The resistance of the solution is then measured and converted into a measurement of conductivity.

Conductometry is often used to monitor chemical reactions that produce or consume ions, such as acid-base titrations, oxidation-reduction reactions, and complexation reactions. By measuring changes in conductivity over time, researchers can gain insights into the rate and extent of these reactions.

In medical research, conductometry may be used to study the electrical properties of biological tissues, such as skin or blood, or to monitor chemical processes in the body, such as the metabolism of drugs or other substances. However, it is not a commonly used diagnostic tool in clinical medicine.

In medical terms, gases refer to the state of matter that has no fixed shape or volume and expands to fill any container it is placed in. Gases in the body can be normal, such as the oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen that are present in the lungs and blood, or abnormal, such as gas that accumulates in the digestive tract due to conditions like bloating or swallowing air.

Gases can also be used medically for therapeutic purposes, such as in the administration of anesthesia or in the treatment of certain respiratory conditions with oxygen therapy. Additionally, measuring the amount of gas in the body, such as through imaging studies like X-rays or CT scans, can help diagnose various medical conditions.

Volatilization, in the context of pharmacology and medicine, refers to the process by which a substance (usually a medication or drug) transforms into a vapor state at room temperature or upon heating. This change in physical state allows the substance to evaporate and be transferred into the air, potentially leading to inhalation exposure.

In some medical applications, volatilization is used intentionally, such as with essential oils for aromatherapy or topical treatments that utilize a vapor action. However, it can also pose concerns when volatile substances are unintentionally released into the air, potentially leading to indoor air quality issues or exposure risks.

It's important to note that in clinical settings, volatilization is not typically used as a route of administration for medications, as other methods such as oral, intravenous, or inhalation via nebulizers are more common and controlled.

Nasal surgical procedures, also known as nasal surgery or rhinoplasty, refer to various surgical operations performed on the nose. These procedures can be either functional (to improve breathing) or cosmetic (to change the appearance of the nose). Some common nasal surgical procedures include:

1. Septoplasty: a surgical procedure to correct a deviated septum, which is the partition between the two nostrils. This procedure helps to improve airflow through the nose and alleviate breathing difficulties.
2. Turbinate reduction: a procedure that reduces the size of the turbinates (structures inside the nasal passages that help warm, humidify, and filter the air we breathe) to improve nasal breathing.
3. Rhinoplasty: a cosmetic procedure that reshapes or resizes the nose to achieve a more desirable appearance. This can involve changing the shape of the cartilage, bone, or soft tissue in the nose.
4. Nasal polyp removal: a procedure to remove nasal polyps, which are non-cancerous growths that can obstruct the nasal passages and cause breathing difficulties.
5. Sinus surgery: a procedure to open up blocked sinuses and improve drainage. This can be done through various techniques, including endoscopic sinus surgery, balloon sinuplasty, or traditional sinus surgery.
6. Nose reconstruction: a procedure to repair or reconstruct the nose after trauma, cancer, or other medical conditions that have caused damage to the nose.

These are just a few examples of nasal surgical procedures. The specific type of procedure will depend on the individual patient's needs and goals.

Nasal provocation tests are a type of diagnostic procedure used in allergy testing to determine the specific allergens that cause a person's nasal symptoms. In this test, a small amount of an allergen is introduced into the patient's nostril using a spray or drops. The patient's response is then observed and measured for any signs of an allergic reaction, such as sneezing, runny nose, or congestion.

The test may be performed with a single allergen or with a series of allergens to identify which specific substances the patient is allergic to. The results of the test can help guide treatment decisions and management strategies for allergies, including immunotherapy (allergy shots) and avoidance measures.

It's important to note that nasal provocation tests should only be performed under the supervision of a trained healthcare professional, as there is a small risk of inducing a severe allergic reaction.

Relapsing polychondritis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and damage to the cartilaginous structures in the body. The condition can affect multiple organs and tissues, including the ears, nose, trachea, bronchi, joints, and cardiovascular system. It is called "relapsing" because it tends to involve recurring episodes of inflammation and damage, followed by periods of remission.

The hallmark symptom of relapsing polychondritis is pain and swelling in the ears, nose, or airways. Other symptoms may include:

* Redness, tenderness, and warmth in affected areas
* Hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
* Nasal congestion, runny nose, or nosebleeds
* Hoarseness or difficulty speaking
* Wheezing, shortness of breath, or coughing
* Joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
* Skin rashes or sores
* Eye inflammation or dryness
* Heart murmurs or other cardiovascular symptoms

The exact cause of relapsing polychondritis is not known, but it is thought to involve an abnormal immune response in which the body's own antibodies attack and damage cartilage and other tissues. The diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis is typically based on a combination of clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.

There is no cure for relapsing polychondritis, but treatment can help manage the symptoms and prevent complications. Treatment may include corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs, and other medications to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged tissues.

The nasal bones are a pair of small, thin bones located in the upper part of the face, specifically in the middle of the nose. They articulate with each other at the nasal bridge and with the frontal bone above, the maxillae (upper jaw bones) on either side, and the septal cartilage inside the nose. The main function of the nasal bones is to form the bridge of the nose and protect the nasal cavity. Any damage to these bones can result in a fracture or broken nose.

Intranasal administration refers to the delivery of medication or other substances through the nasal passages and into the nasal cavity. This route of administration can be used for systemic absorption of drugs or for localized effects in the nasal area.

When a medication is administered intranasally, it is typically sprayed or dropped into the nostril, where it is absorbed by the mucous membranes lining the nasal cavity. The medication can then pass into the bloodstream and be distributed throughout the body for systemic effects. Intranasal administration can also result in direct absorption of the medication into the local tissues of the nasal cavity, which can be useful for treating conditions such as allergies, migraines, or pain in the nasal area.

Intranasal administration has several advantages over other routes of administration. It is non-invasive and does not require needles or injections, making it a more comfortable option for many people. Additionally, intranasal administration can result in faster onset of action than oral administration, as the medication bypasses the digestive system and is absorbed directly into the bloodstream. However, there are also some limitations to this route of administration, including potential issues with dosing accuracy and patient tolerance.

Acoustic rhinometry is a diagnostic technique used to measure the cross-sectional area and volume of the nasal cavity. It utilizes sound waves to create a visual representation of the nasal passages' shape and size. By measuring the reflection of sound waves as they travel through the nasal cavity, acoustic rhinometry can help identify any abnormalities or obstructions in the nasal passage that may be causing difficulty breathing through the nose. This technique is non-invasive and quick, making it a useful tool for evaluating nasal airflow and diagnosing conditions such as nasal congestion, sinusitis, and nasal polyps.

"Amorphophallus" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, also known as the aroid family. These plants are native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and the Pacific Islands. They are characterized by their large, distinctive inflorescences, which are often accompanied by a strong, unpleasant odor that attracts pollinators such as flies and beetles.

The name "Amorphophallus" comes from the Greek words "amorphos," meaning formless, and "phallos," meaning penis, and refers to the shape of the inflorescence in some species. The most well-known species is Amorphophallus titanum, also known as the corpse flower, which produces one of the largest and smelliest inflorescences in the plant kingdom.

In addition to their unusual inflorescences, many species of Amorphophallus are also grown for their large, starchy tubers, which are used as a food source in some cultures.

The ear is the sensory organ responsible for hearing and maintaining balance. It can be divided into three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The outer ear consists of the pinna (the visible part of the ear) and the external auditory canal, which directs sound waves toward the eardrum. The middle ear contains three small bones called ossicles that transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The inner ear contains the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain, and the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance.

Ear diseases are medical conditions that affect the ear and its various components, including the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. These diseases can cause a range of symptoms, such as hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), ear pain, and discharge. Some common ear diseases include:

1. Otitis externa (swimmer's ear) - an infection or inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal.
2. Otitis media - an infection or inflammation of the middle ear, often caused by a cold or flu.
3. Cholesteatoma - a skin growth that develops in the middle ear behind the eardrum.
4. Meniere's disease - a disorder of the inner ear that can cause vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus.
5. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders - problems with the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull, which can cause ear pain and other symptoms.
6. Acoustic neuroma - a noncancerous tumor that grows on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.
7. Presbycusis - age-related hearing loss.

Treatment for ear diseases varies depending on the specific condition and its severity. It may include medication, surgery, or other therapies. If you are experiencing symptoms of an ear disease, it is important to seek medical attention from a healthcare professional, such as an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist).

'Abnormalities, Multiple' is a broad term that refers to the presence of two or more structural or functional anomalies in an individual. These abnormalities can be present at birth (congenital) or can develop later in life (acquired). They can affect various organs and systems of the body and can vary greatly in severity and impact on a person's health and well-being.

Multiple abnormalities can occur due to genetic factors, environmental influences, or a combination of both. Chromosomal abnormalities, gene mutations, exposure to teratogens (substances that cause birth defects), and maternal infections during pregnancy are some of the common causes of multiple congenital abnormalities.

Examples of multiple congenital abnormalities include Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, and VATER/VACTERL association. Acquired multiple abnormalities can result from conditions such as trauma, infection, degenerative diseases, or cancer.

The medical evaluation and management of individuals with multiple abnormalities depend on the specific abnormalities present and their impact on the individual's health and functioning. A multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals is often involved in the care of these individuals to address their complex needs.

Rhinophyma is a benign (noncancerous) growth of the skin on and around the nose, which is a late stage manifestation of severe rosacea, a chronic skin condition. It primarily affects middle-aged to older men, more so than women. The nose becomes enlarged, bulbous, and irregular in shape due to thickening of the skin, oil glands (sebaceous glands), and formation of visible blood vessels. The surface may have redness, pustules, and prominent pores. It can cause social embarrassment and psychological distress. Treatment usually involves dermabrasion, laser surgery, or electrosurgery to remove excess tissue and improve the appearance of the nose.

Paranasal sinus neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors that develop within the paranasal sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located inside the skull near the nasal cavity. These tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous), and they can arise from various types of tissue within the sinuses, such as the lining of the sinuses (mucosa), bone, or other soft tissues.

Paranasal sinus neoplasms can cause a variety of symptoms, including nasal congestion, nosebleeds, facial pain or numbness, and visual disturbances. The diagnosis of these tumors typically involves a combination of imaging studies (such as CT or MRI scans) and biopsy to determine the type and extent of the tumor. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches, depending on the specific type and stage of the neoplasm.

A forehead, in medical terms, refers to the portion of the human skull that lies immediately above the eyes and serves as an attachment site for the frontal bone. It is a common area for the examination of various clinical signs, such as assessing the level of consciousness (by checking if the patient's eyebrows or eyelids twitch in response to a light touch) or looking for signs of increased intracranial pressure (such as bulging fontanelles in infants). Additionally, the forehead is often used as a site for non-invasive procedures like Botox injections.

Paranasal sinus diseases refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the paranasal sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located within the skull near the nasal cavity. These sinuses include the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid, and sphenoid sinuses.

Paranasal sinus diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral, bacterial, or fungal infections, allergies, structural abnormalities, or autoimmune disorders. Some common paranasal sinus diseases include:

1. Sinusitis: Inflammation or infection of the sinuses, which can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, thick nasal discharge, facial pain or pressure, and reduced sense of smell.
2. Nasal polyps: Soft, benign growths that develop in the lining of the nasal passages or sinuses, which can obstruct airflow and cause difficulty breathing through the nose.
3. Sinonasal tumors: Abnormal growths that can be benign or malignant, which can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain, and bleeding from the nose.
4. Sinus cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that form in the sinuses, which can cause symptoms similar to those of sinusitis.
5. Fungal sinusitis: Infection of the sinuses with fungi, which can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain, and thick, discolored mucus.

Treatment for paranasal sinus diseases depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Treatment options may include medications, such as antibiotics, antihistamines, or corticosteroids, as well as surgical intervention in more severe cases.

The facial bones, also known as the facial skeleton, are a series of bones that make up the framework of the face. They include:

1. Frontal bone: This bone forms the forehead and the upper part of the eye sockets.
2. Nasal bones: These two thin bones form the bridge of the nose.
3. Maxilla bones: These are the largest bones in the facial skeleton, forming the upper jaw, the bottom of the eye sockets, and the sides of the nose. They also contain the upper teeth.
4. Zygomatic bones (cheekbones): These bones form the cheekbones and the outer part of the eye sockets.
5. Palatine bones: These bones form the back part of the roof of the mouth, the side walls of the nasal cavity, and contribute to the formation of the eye socket.
6. Inferior nasal conchae: These are thin, curved bones that form the lateral walls of the nasal cavity and help to filter and humidify air as it passes through the nose.
7. Lacrimal bones: These are the smallest bones in the skull, located at the inner corner of the eye socket, and help to form the tear duct.
8. Mandible (lower jaw): This is the only bone in the facial skeleton that can move. It holds the lower teeth and forms the chin.

These bones work together to protect vital structures such as the eyes, brain, and nasal passages, while also providing attachment points for muscles that control chewing, expression, and other facial movements.

Nasal decongestants are medications that are used to relieve nasal congestion, or a "stuffy nose," by narrowing the blood vessels in the lining of the nose, which helps to reduce swelling and inflammation. This can help to make breathing easier and can also help to alleviate other symptoms associated with nasal congestion, such as sinus pressure and headache.

There are several different types of nasal decongestants available, including over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription options. Some common OTC nasal decongestants include pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) and phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine), which are available in the form of tablets, capsules, liquids, and nasal sprays. Prescription nasal decongestants may be stronger than OTC options and may be prescribed for longer periods of time.

It is important to follow the instructions on the label when using nasal decongestants, as they can have side effects if not used properly. Some potential side effects of nasal decongestants include increased heart rate, blood pressure, and anxiety. It is also important to note that nasal decongestants should not be used for longer than a few days at a time, as prolonged use can actually make nasal congestion worse (this is known as "rebound congestion"). If you have any questions about using nasal decongestants or if your symptoms persist, it is best to speak with a healthcare provider.

Allergic rhinitis, perennial type, is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the nasal passages caused by an allergic response to environmental allergens that are present throughout the year. Unlike seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is triggered by specific pollens or molds during certain times of the year, perennial allergic rhinitis is a persistent condition that occurs year-round.

Common allergens responsible for perennial allergic rhinitis include dust mites, cockroaches, pet dander, and indoor mold spores. Symptoms may include sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itchy eyes, ears, throat, or roof of the mouth. Treatment options typically involve avoiding exposure to the offending allergens, if possible, as well as medications such as antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, and leukotriene receptor antagonists to manage symptoms. Immunotherapy (allergy shots) may also be recommended for long-term management in some cases.

Nasal lavage fluid refers to the fluid that is obtained through a process called nasal lavage or nasal washing. This procedure involves instilling a saline solution into the nose and then allowing it to drain out, taking with it any mucus, debris, or other particles present in the nasal passages. The resulting fluid can be collected and analyzed for various purposes, such as diagnosing sinus infections, allergies, or other conditions affecting the nasal cavity and surrounding areas.

It is important to note that the term "nasal lavage fluid" may also be used interchangeably with "nasal wash fluid," "nasal irrigation fluid," or "sinus rinse fluid." These terms all refer to the same basic concept of using a saline solution to clean out the nasal passages and collect the resulting fluid for analysis.

Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located within the skull near the nose. The inflammation can be caused by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections, as well as allergies, structural issues, or autoimmune disorders.

In sinusitis, the mucous membranes lining the sinuses become swollen and may produce excess mucus, leading to symptoms such as nasal congestion, thick green or yellow nasal discharge, facial pain or pressure, reduced sense of smell, cough, fatigue, and fever.

Sinusitis can be classified into acute (lasting less than 4 weeks), subacute (lasting 4-12 weeks), chronic (lasting more than 12 weeks), or recurrent (multiple episodes within a year). Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms, and may include antibiotics, nasal corticosteroids, decongestants, saline irrigation, and in some cases, surgery.

Exhalation is the act of breathing out or exhaling, which is the reverse process of inhalation. During exhalation, the diaphragm relaxes and moves upwards, while the chest muscles also relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size. This decrease in size puts pressure on the lungs, causing them to deflate and expel air.

Exhalation is a passive process that occurs naturally after inhalation, but it can also be actively controlled during activities such as speaking, singing, or playing a wind instrument. In medical terms, exhalation may also be referred to as expiration.

Inhalation exposure is a term used in occupational and environmental health to describe the situation where an individual breathes in substances present in the air, which could be gases, vapors, fumes, mist, or particulate matter. These substances can originate from various sources, such as industrial processes, chemical reactions, or natural phenomena.

The extent of inhalation exposure is determined by several factors, including:

1. Concentration of the substance in the air
2. Duration of exposure
3. Frequency of exposure
4. The individual's breathing rate
5. The efficiency of the individual's respiratory protection, if any

Inhalation exposure can lead to adverse health effects, depending on the toxicity and concentration of the inhaled substances. Short-term or acute health effects may include irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, or lungs, while long-term or chronic exposure can result in more severe health issues, such as respiratory diseases, neurological disorders, or cancer.

It is essential to monitor and control inhalation exposures in occupational settings to protect workers' health and ensure compliance with regulatory standards. Various methods are employed for exposure assessment, including personal air sampling, area monitoring, and biological monitoring. Based on the results of these assessments, appropriate control measures can be implemented to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with inhalation exposure.

Humidity, in a medical context, is not typically defined on its own but is related to environmental conditions that can affect health. Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air. It is often discussed in terms of absolute humidity (the mass of water per unit volume of air) or relative humidity (the ratio of the current absolute humidity to the maximum possible absolute humidity, expressed as a percentage). High humidity can contribute to feelings of discomfort, difficulty sleeping, and exacerbation of respiratory conditions such as asthma.

Rhinomanometry is a medical diagnostic procedure that measures the pressure and flow of air through the nasal passages. It is used to assess the nasal airway resistance and function, and can help diagnose and monitor conditions such as nasal congestion, deviated septum, sinusitis, and other disorders that affect nasal breathing.

During the procedure, a small catheter or mask is placed over the nose, and the patient is asked to breathe normally while the pressure and airflow are measured. The data is then analyzed to determine any abnormalities in nasal function, such as increased resistance or asymmetry between the two sides of the nose.

Rhinomanometry can be performed using either anterior or posterior methods, depending on whether the measurement is taken at the entrance or exit of the nasal passages. The results of the test can help guide treatment decisions and assess the effectiveness of therapies such as medications or surgery.

The olfactory pathways refer to the neural connections and structures involved in the sense of smell. The process begins with odor molecules that are inhaled through the nostrils, where they bind to specialized receptor cells located in the upper part of the nasal cavity, known as the olfactory epithelium.

These receptor cells then transmit signals via the olfactory nerve (cranial nerve I) to the olfactory bulb, a structure at the base of the brain. Within the olfactory bulb, the signals are processed and relayed through several additional structures, including the olfactory tract, lateral olfactory striae, and the primary olfactory cortex (located within the piriform cortex).

From there, information about odors is further integrated with other sensory systems and cognitive functions in higher-order brain regions, such as the limbic system, thalamus, and hippocampus. This complex network of olfactory pathways allows us to perceive and recognize various scents and plays a role in emotional responses, memory formation, and feeding behaviors.

Biosensing techniques refer to the methods and technologies used to detect and measure biological molecules or processes, typically through the use of a physical device or sensor. These techniques often involve the conversion of a biological response into an electrical signal that can be measured and analyzed. Examples of biosensing techniques include electrochemical biosensors, optical biosensors, and piezoelectric biosensors.

Electrochemical biosensors measure the electrical current or potential generated by a biochemical reaction at an electrode surface. This type of biosensor typically consists of a biological recognition element, such as an enzyme or antibody, that is immobilized on the electrode surface and interacts with the target analyte to produce an electrical signal.

Optical biosensors measure changes in light intensity or wavelength that occur when a biochemical reaction takes place. This type of biosensor can be based on various optical principles, such as absorbance, fluorescence, or surface plasmon resonance (SPR).

Piezoelectric biosensors measure changes in mass or frequency that occur when a biomolecule binds to the surface of a piezoelectric crystal. This type of biosensor is based on the principle that piezoelectric materials generate an electrical charge when subjected to mechanical stress, and this charge can be used to detect changes in mass or frequency that are proportional to the amount of biomolecule bound to the surface.

Biosensing techniques have a wide range of applications in fields such as medicine, environmental monitoring, food safety, and biodefense. They can be used to detect and measure a variety of biological molecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, hormones, and small molecules, as well as to monitor biological processes such as cell growth or metabolism.

Respiratory tract diseases refer to a broad range of medical conditions that affect the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat (pharynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs. These diseases can be categorized into upper and lower respiratory tract infections based on the location of the infection.

Upper respiratory tract infections affect the nose, sinuses, pharynx, and larynx, and include conditions such as the common cold, flu, sinusitis, and laryngitis. Symptoms often include nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, and fever.

Lower respiratory tract infections affect the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs, and can be more severe. They include conditions such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. Symptoms may include cough, chest congestion, shortness of breath, and fever.

Respiratory tract diseases can also be caused by allergies, irritants, or genetic factors. Treatment varies depending on the specific condition and severity but may include medications, breathing treatments, or surgery in severe cases.

Odorant receptors are a type of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that are primarily found in the cilia of olfactory sensory neurons in the nose. These receptors are responsible for detecting and transmitting information about odorants, or volatile molecules that we perceive as smells.

Each odorant receptor can bind to a specific set of odorant molecules, and when an odorant binds to its corresponding receptor, it triggers a signaling cascade that ultimately leads to the generation of an electrical signal in the olfactory sensory neuron. This signal is then transmitted to the brain, where it is processed and interpreted as a particular smell.

There are thought to be around 400 different types of odorant receptors in humans, each with its own unique binding profile. The combinatorial coding of these receptors allows for the detection and discrimination of a vast array of different smells, from sweet to sour, floral to fruity, and everything in between.

Overall, the ability to detect and respond to odorants is critical for many important functions, including the identification of food, mates, and potential dangers in the environment.

"Controlled Environment" is a term used to describe a setting in which environmental conditions are monitored, regulated, and maintained within certain specific parameters. These conditions may include factors such as temperature, humidity, light exposure, air quality, and cleanliness. The purpose of a controlled environment is to ensure that the conditions are optimal for a particular activity or process, and to minimize the potential for variability or contamination that could affect outcomes or results.

In medical and healthcare settings, controlled environments are used in a variety of contexts, such as:

* Research laboratories: To ensure consistent and reproducible experimental conditions for scientific studies.
* Pharmaceutical manufacturing: To maintain strict quality control standards during the production of drugs and other medical products.
* Sterile fields: In operating rooms or cleanrooms, to minimize the risk of infection or contamination during surgical procedures or sensitive medical operations.
* Medical storage: For storing temperature-sensitive medications, vaccines, or specimens at specific temperatures to maintain their stability and efficacy.

Overall, controlled environments play a critical role in maintaining safety, quality, and consistency in medical and healthcare settings.

Aerosols are defined in the medical field as suspensions of fine solid or liquid particles in a gas. In the context of public health and medicine, aerosols often refer to particles that can remain suspended in air for long periods of time and can be inhaled. They can contain various substances, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or chemicals, and can play a role in the transmission of respiratory infections or other health effects.

For example, when an infected person coughs or sneezes, they may produce respiratory droplets that can contain viruses like influenza or SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). Some of these droplets can evaporate quickly and leave behind smaller particles called aerosols, which can remain suspended in the air for hours and potentially be inhaled by others. This is one way that respiratory viruses can spread between people in close proximity to each other.

Aerosols can also be generated through medical procedures such as bronchoscopy, suctioning, or nebulizer treatments, which can produce aerosols containing bacteria, viruses, or other particles that may pose an infection risk to healthcare workers or other patients. Therefore, appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and airborne precautions are often necessary to reduce the risk of transmission in these settings.

A lethal midline granuloma (LMG) is a rare and aggressive form of necrotizing granulomatous inflammation that typically involves the nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, and/or the central nervous system. It is called "lethal" because of its rapid progression and high mortality rate if left untreated.

LMG is a type of granuloma, which is a collection of immune cells that form in response to chronic inflammation or infection. In LMG, the granulomas are characterized by extensive necrosis (tissue death) and vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels).

The exact cause of LMG is not fully understood, but it is believed to be associated with a variety of factors, including infections (such as fungal or mycobacterial infections), autoimmune disorders, and lymphoproliferative diseases. Treatment typically involves a combination of surgical debridement, antimicrobial therapy, and immunosuppressive drugs. Despite treatment, the prognosis for LMG is generally poor, with a high rate of recurrence and significant morbidity and mortality.

In medical terms, the "groin" refers to the area where the lower abdomen meets the thigh. It is located on both sides of the body, in front of the upper part of each leg. The groin contains several important structures such as the inguinal canal, which contains blood vessels and nerves, and the femoral artery and vein, which supply blood to and from the lower extremities. Issues in this region, such as pain or swelling, may indicate a variety of medical conditions, including muscle strains, hernias, or infections.

In medical terms, the mouth is officially referred to as the oral cavity. It is the first part of the digestive tract and includes several structures: the lips, vestibule (the space enclosed by the lips and teeth), teeth, gingiva (gums), hard and soft palate, tongue, floor of the mouth, and salivary glands. The mouth is responsible for several functions including speaking, swallowing, breathing, and eating, as it is the initial point of ingestion where food is broken down through mechanical and chemical processes, beginning the digestive process.

Rhinosporidium is not a term that refers to a specific medical condition or disease on its own. Instead, it is the name of a genus of parasites called Rhinosporidium seeberi, which can cause a particular type of infection known as rhinosporidiosis.

Rhinosporidiosis is a rare infectious disease that primarily affects the mucous membranes of the nose, eyes, and mouth. It is caused by the Rhinosporidium seeberi parasite, which enters the body through cuts or abrasions in the skin or mucous membranes. Once inside the body, the parasite can form large, spore-filled cysts that can cause a range of symptoms, including nasal congestion, discharge, and bleeding.

While rhinosporidiosis is not common, it can be found in certain parts of the world, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. The disease is typically treated with surgery to remove the cysts, followed by antibiotics or antifungal medications to prevent further infection.

Occupational air pollutants refer to harmful substances present in the air in workplaces or occupational settings. These pollutants can include dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, or mists that are produced by industrial processes, chemical reactions, or other sources. Examples of occupational air pollutants include:

1. Respirable crystalline silica: A common mineral found in sand, stone, and concrete that can cause lung disease and cancer when inhaled in high concentrations.
2. Asbestos: A naturally occurring mineral fiber that was widely used in construction materials and industrial applications until the 1970s. Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause lung diseases such as asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.
3. Welding fumes: Fumes generated during welding processes can contain harmful metals such as manganese, chromium, and nickel that can cause neurological damage and respiratory problems.
4. Isocyanates: Chemicals used in the production of foam insulation, spray-on coatings, and other industrial applications that can cause asthma and other respiratory symptoms.
5. Coal dust: Fine particles generated during coal mining, transportation, and handling that can cause lung disease and other health problems.
6. Diesel exhaust: Emissions from diesel engines that contain harmful particulates and gases that can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems.

Occupational air pollutants are regulated by various government agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States, to protect workers from exposure and minimize health risks.

A syndrome, in medical terms, is a set of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, disorder, or underlying pathological process. It's essentially a collection of signs and/or symptoms that frequently occur together and can suggest a particular cause or condition, even though the exact physiological mechanisms might not be fully understood.

For example, Down syndrome is characterized by specific physical features, cognitive delays, and other developmental issues resulting from an extra copy of chromosome 21. Similarly, metabolic syndromes like diabetes mellitus type 2 involve a group of risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that collectively increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

It's important to note that a syndrome is not a specific diagnosis; rather, it's a pattern of symptoms that can help guide further diagnostic evaluation and management.

"Air movements" is not a medical term or concept. It generally refers to the movement or circulation of air, which can occur naturally (such as through wind) or mechanically (such as through fans or ventilation systems). In some contexts, it may refer specifically to the movement of air in operating rooms or other controlled environments for medical purposes. However, without more specific context, it is difficult to provide a precise definition or medical interpretation of "air movements."

In a medical context, masks are typically used as personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne particles and contaminants. They can also help prevent the spread of respiratory droplets from the wearer to others, which is particularly important in clinical settings where patients may have infectious diseases.

There are several types of masks used in medical settings, including:

1. Medical Masks: These are loose-fitting, disposable masks that create a physical barrier between the mouth and nose of the wearer and potential contaminants in the immediate environment. They are commonly used by healthcare professionals during medical procedures to protect themselves and patients from respiratory droplets and aerosols.
2. N95 Respirators: These are tight-fitting masks that can filter out both large droplets and small aerosol particles, including those containing viruses. They offer a higher level of protection than medical masks and are recommended for use in healthcare settings where there is a risk of exposure to airborne contaminants, such as during certain medical procedures or when caring for patients with infectious diseases like tuberculosis or COVID-19.
3. Surgical N95 Respirators: These are a specialized type of N95 respirator designed for use in surgical settings. They have a clear plastic window that allows the wearer's mouth and nose to be visible, which is useful during surgery where clear communication and identification of the wearer's facial features are important.
4. Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (PAPRs): These are motorized masks that use a fan to draw air through a filter, providing a continuous supply of clean air to the wearer. They offer a high level of protection and are often used in healthcare settings where there is a risk of exposure to highly infectious diseases or hazardous substances.

It's important to note that masks should be used in conjunction with other infection prevention measures, such as hand hygiene and social distancing, to provide the best possible protection against respiratory illnesses.

"Esthetics" is a term that refers to the branch of knowledge dealing with the principles of beauty and artistic taste, particularly as they relate to the appreciation of beauty in the visual arts. However, it is important to note that "esthetics" is not typically used as a medical term.

In the context of healthcare and medicine, the term that is more commonly used is "aesthetics," which refers to the study and theory of beauty and taste, but in relation to medical treatments or procedures that aim to improve or restore physical appearance. Aesthetic medicine includes procedures such as cosmetic surgery, dermatology, and other treatments aimed at enhancing or restoring physical appearance for reasons that are not related to medical necessity.

Therefore, the term "esthetics" is more appropriately used in the context of art, beauty, and culture rather than medicine.

Ear cartilage, also known as auricular cartilage, refers to the flexible connective tissue that makes up the structural framework of the external ear or pinna. The ear cartilage provides support and shape to the ear, helping to direct sound waves into the ear canal and towards the eardrum.

The ear cartilage is composed of type II collagen fibers and proteoglycans, which give it its flexibility and resiliency. It is covered by a thin layer of skin on both sides and contains no bones. Instead, the ear cartilage is shaped and maintained by the surrounding muscles and connective tissue.

There are three main parts of the ear cartilage: the helix, the antihelix, and the tragus. The helix is the outer rim of the ear, while the antihelix is the curved ridge that runs parallel to the helix. The tragus is the small piece of cartilage that projects from the front of the ear canal.

Ear cartilage can be affected by various conditions, including trauma, infection, and degenerative changes associated with aging. In some cases, surgical procedures may be required to reshape or reconstruct damaged ear cartilage.

The maxillary sinuses, also known as the antrums of Highmore, are the largest of the four pairs of paranasal sinuses located in the maxilla bones. They are air-filled cavities that surround the nasolacrimal duct and are situated superior to the upper teeth and lateral to the nasal cavity. Each maxillary sinus is lined with a mucous membrane, which helps to warm, humidify, and filter the air we breathe. Inflammation or infection of the maxillary sinuses can result in conditions such as sinusitis, leading to symptoms like facial pain, headaches, and nasal congestion.

Wikiquote has quotations related to Noses. Media related to nose at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to noses at Wikiquote ... "Mammals' noses come from reptiles' jaws: Evolutionary development of facial bones". Phys.org. November 1, 2021. "Your Nose, the ... In cetaceans, the nose has been reduced to one or two blowholes, which are the nostrils that have migrated to the top of the ... The wet nose of dogs is useful for the perception of direction. The sensitive cold receptors in the skin detect the place where ...
A nose-leaf, or leaf nose, is an often large, lance-shaped nose, found in bats of the Phyllostomidae, Hipposideridae, and ... Furthermore, the shape of the nose-leaf can identify behavior of the bat itself; by example, in the families that have the nose ... Because these bats echolocate nasally, this nose-leaf is thought to serve some role in modifying and directing the echolocation ... The shape of the nose-leaf can be an important for identifying and classifying bats. ...
Lyrics for "Dope Nose" Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine "Dope Nose" Official music video on YouTube v t e (Articles ... "Dope Nose" is a song by American rock band Weezer. It is the first single off the band's fourth album, Maladroit. It was ... "Dope Nose" is one of the songs playable in the PlayStation 2 video game Amplitude, developed by Harmonix. An interview in ... Director Michel Gondry wrote a treatment for a "Dope Nose" music video. The video would feature the members of Weezer playing a ...
List of noses "Sharks Nose, Wyoming". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved March 23, 2014. "Sharks Nose". Geographic Names Information ... Sharks Nose is on the west side of the Cirque of the Towers, a popular climbing area. The peak is just north of Block Tower and ... Sharks Nose is a (12,234-foot (3,729 m)) mountain located in the southern Wind River Range in the U.S. state of Wyoming. ... Sharks Nose is situated on the Continental Divide. Encountering bears is a concern in the Wind River Range. There are other ...
... s (Korean: 코 무덤; RR: ko mudeom) are tombs that contain human noses or other body parts that were brought back to Japan ... One such nose tomb was discovered in 1983 in Okayama near Osaka. This tomb held the severed and pickled noses of approximately ... The noses in the Mimizuka Ear Mound were brought from Korea in barrels of brine and remained in the location for 400 years. In ... It was the tradition to take the severed head of the enemy but the soldiers resorted to taking noses instead due to the ...
But their noses bend upwards, not downwards. Such a nose is a hook nose or an eagle nose. It is not at all like a Jewish nose ... The Jewish nose, or Jew's nose, is an ethnic stereotype that refers to a hooked nose with a convex nasal bridge and a downward ... Is this being led by the nose the reason, perhaps, why their noses have grown so long? Or are these long noses a kind of ... While large noses are taken as a sign of Jewishness, Jewish authors take small noses as a sign of the Gentile. "Neither Sarah's ...
... is a Filipina comic, actress and TV host on the GMA Network. She is best known as a transgender comic in Punch Line ... Nose is also known as one of the television hosts of Wowowin, together with Super Tekla and Willie Revillame. She also ... Donita Nose at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, BLP articles lacking sources ... "Donita Nose 'not surprised' over testing positive for COVID-19". Manila Bulletin. July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020. ...
... is a coastal headland, separating Tor Bay from Babbacombe Bay. It is visible from much of the town and harbour of ... "Hope's Nose to Wall's Hill SSSI". designatedsites.naturalengland.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2018. "BBC Devon - Walk Through ... Time - Torquay Coral Coast Walk: Hope's Nose". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018. (Articles with short description, ...
Some nose rings in the region are similar to Lane's drawing from 1836, being just a wire with some beads strung on it. Nose ... Nose piercing is the piercing of the skin or cartilage which forms any part of the nose, normally for the purpose of wearing ... The nose rings of the Rashayda have a similar shape to the small nose rings of Bahariya with a thickened decoration around the ... In Upper Egypt the nose ring is commonly called a khuzam, a name used since the 1830s. According to Lane, the nose rings of his ...
... (能瀬駅, Nose-eki) is a railway station on the Nanao Line in the town of Tsubata, Kahoku District, Ishikawa ... National Route 159 List of railway stations in Japan Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nose Station. Official website (in ... Prefecture, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West). Nose Station is served by the Nanao Line, and is ...
... is a 1976 children's book written and illustrated by writer Marc Brown, The first book in the Arthur Adventure ... A few other remarks regarding the length of his nose inspire Arthur to have it fixed. He visits a specialist, but decides ... "Arthur's Nose". Children's Book Almanac. Retrieved 16 April 2013. Kennedy, Elizabeth. "Marc Brown's Arthur and His Father". ... Arthur returns to school and is seldom taunted because of his nose, although Francine still complains mildly about it getting ...
... "round noses". These were effectively Clyde's ML2 design modified to meet European clearance standards, and had a lower nose and ... swept back above a protruding nose section, usually with a prominent nose-top mounted headlight. This bore resemblance to a ... A single-nose variant of the design, the EMD A7, with the revised 1,800 hp (1,300 kW) EMD 567C series engine, was introduced as ... "Bulldog nose" is the nickname given, due to their appearance, to several diesel locomotives manufactured by GM-EMD and its ...
... a perfumer Nose, a Python unit test framework Nose cone or nose, the forward part of an aircraft or spacecraft Nose or Cuberdon ... "Broken Nose Jack", murderer of Old West legend "Wild Bill" Hickok List of noses, locations which are called "nose" Noses Creek ... Nose may also refer to: Noše, a settlement in Slovenia Nose, Osaka, a town in Japan The Nose (El Capitan), a climbing route on ... Big Nose and Little Nose, two steep bluffs on the Mohawk River in Mohawk, New York, United States "The Nose" (Akutagawa short ...
... at the International Judo Federation Seiki Nose at JudoInside.com Seiki Nose at AllJudo.net (in French) Seiki Nose ... Seiki Nose (野瀬 清喜, Nose Seiki, born 10 August 1952) is a Japanese former judoka who competed in the 1984 Summer Olympics. Nose ... at Olympics.com Seiki Nose at Olympedia Seiki Nose at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com (archived) Seiki Nose at The-Sports.org ... Nose won five consecutive All Japan titles from 1980 to 1984; won the US Open and Hungarian Open titles; and in 1981, won the ...
... may refer to: NOHAB Bulldog, a diesel locomotive A type of bullet A hemispherical diabolo pellet for an air gun The ... 701 model Yahama SuperJet personal watercraft This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Round nose. If ...
The Grecian nose. Class III. The African nose. Class IV. The hawk nose. Class V. The snub nose. Class VI. The celestial nose. ... Some deformities of the nose are named, such as the pug nose and the saddle nose. The pug nose is characterised by excess ... A saddle nose deformity involving the collapse of the bridge of the nose is mostly associated with trauma to the nose but can ... The ala of the nose (ala nasi, "wing of the nose"; plural alae) is the lower lateral surface of the external nose, shaped by ...
The camel's nose is a metaphor for a situation where the permitting of a small, seemingly innocuous act will open the door for ... "It is the humble petition of the camel, who only asks that he may put his nose into the traveler's tent. It is so pitiful, so ... An early example is a fable printed in 1858 in which an Arab miller allows a camel to stick its nose into his bedroom, then ... An early citation with a tent is "The camel in the Arabian tale begged and received permission to insert his nose into the ...
... (野瀬 龍世, Nose Ryusei, born 8 February 2000) is a Japanese footballer currently playing as a midfielder for Giravanz ... Notes Appearances in the Emperor's Cup Ryusei Nose at Soccerway v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
The Tegg's Nose Fell Race is run annually in August. Three cycling routes start at Tegg's Nose. "Grit and Gears" is a 19 km (12 ... "Tegg's Nose viewpoint". Geograph British Isles. Retrieved 27 March 2008. "Country Parks: Tegg's Nose Country Park". Cheshire ... "Teggs Nose Country Park". Greater Manchester Orienteering Activities. Retrieved 27 March 2008. "Teggs Nose Fell Race". ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tegg's Nose Country Park. Tegg's Nose Country Park on Cheshire East Council's website 53 ...
Simply put, the nose chain is a link between a nose piercing and an ear-piercing. Typically, these "chains" are just that: ... Yet, besides actual chains, the term "nose chain" can denote other types of connecting materials between the nose and ear ... The nose chain is worn by women as to show respect and devotion to Goddess Parvati as she is considered the Goddess of marriage ... Today the nose chain has risen to prevalence as a recent introduction of Gothic fashion and is now known for its use in several ...
... took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876 with a combined Cheyenne/Arapaho detachment. Pretty Nose's ... Pretty Nose (b. c. 1851) was an Arapaho woman who participated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. She lived to be at least ... Pretty Nose was Arapaho, though in some sources she is referred to as Cheyenne. She was identified as Arapaho on the basis of ... Pretty Nose was portrayed in the 2017 novel The Vengeance of Mothers: The Journals of Margaret Kelly & Molly McGill by Jim ...
Among the gifts and trinkets was a golden earring called a "Shanf" also known as a nose ring. The nose ring, called a Nath ( ... Nose piercing Shanti Kumar Syal (2005). Pragatiśīla nārī (in Hindi). Delhi, India: Atmaram & Sons. p. 171. ISBN 9788170436478. ... This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Nose rings". ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nose rings. Hinduism (CS1 Hindi-language sources (hi), Articles needing additional ...
... (夢の星のボタンノーズ, Yume no Hoshi no Botan Nōzu, also known as Dream-Star Button Nose) is a 26-episode Japanese animated ... Button Nose (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Button Nose at IMDb v t e (CS1 Japanese-language sources (ja), ... She is called Button Nose because her nose is small and round. In 1983 Sanrio built a strawberry shaped store based on the ... "Button Nose , Sanrio Timeline". Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. "Sanrio , Button Nose". Archived from the ...
An aquiline nose (also called a Roman nose) is a human nose with a prominent bridge, giving it the appearance of being curved ... Rhinoplasty § Nasal analysis Anatomy of the human nose Jewish nose Jabet, George (1852). Notes on Noses. Richard Bentley. p. 9 ... The Hook Nose, or Chief Henry Roman Nose). In the depiction of Native Americans, for instance, an aquiline nose is one of the ... "Hook Nose." The whites translated this into the more familiar moniker of Roman Nose. In his early youth, Roman Nose ... Henry ...
He was mostly known as "Roman Nose" among the Americans. Some of his other aliases were Arched Nose and Woo-kay-nay. Hook Nose ... Hook Nose was known as a warrior with many skillful and bold tactics to fight against his enemies. Hook Nose was also known to ... Hook Nose had complete faith in his war-bonnet, and believed that it had always protected him in battle. Hook Nose and his ... "Roman Nose was a leader of Indian warriors and a member of the crooked Lance Society of the Cheyenne Indian Tribe". Hook Nose's ...
"Sage the Gemini "Red Nose" Video". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved December 31, 2018. SageTheGeminiVEVO. "Sage The Gemini - Red Nose". ... "Red Nose" is a song by American rapper Sage the Gemini from his debut album Remember Me. The song was released as his debut ... "Red Nose" debuted at number 62 on US Billboard Hot 100 for the week of August 3, 2013. Eight weeks later, the song peaked at ... "Sage The Gemini - Red Nose". aCharts.co. Retrieved August 26, 2014. Baker, Soren (June 7, 2014). "Hip Hop Singles Sales Week: ...
The area of Nose was part on ancient Settsu Province, and Nose District was separated from Kawabe District in 713 AD. Nose's ... Nose has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral Nose council of 12 members. Nose, ... Nose (能勢町, Nose-chō) (Japanese pronunciation: [nose]) is a town situated in Toyono District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 ... "Nose town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan. "Nose Town Tourism & Local Products". www.town-of-nose.jp. Retrieved 2020- ...
List of noses Bivouac.com entry "Fawnie Nose" BC Names/GeoBC entry "Fawnie Nose" 53°16′11″N 125°08′56″W / 53.26972°N ... Fawnie Nose (1933 m / 6342 ft, prominence 872 m) is the highest summit of the Fawnie Range of the Nechako Plateau in the ...
... is a fairy tale by Wilhelm Hauff, which was published in a collection of fairytales in 1826. The story has been ... One day, an ugly old woman, who has a long, crooked nose and a thin neck, comes to his mother's stand to buy some herbs. It is ... In Dwarf Nose his criticism also becomes obvious through the names of the dishes, which the bewitched boy has to prepare for ... In response, she wishes him a long nose as well, and no neck. In the end, she does buy a few cabbages and lets Jacob carry them ...
... or the nose game, also uncommonly called the "rule of nose goes", is a popular selection method most commonly used ... Human nose I've got your nose Berkun, Scott (2 June 2010). "Finger on nose: how to make fast decisions". Scott Berkun. ... Nose goes does not have to be initiated by an individual of an unwanted task or bill. The last person to realize nose goes has ... "No nose goes", "Not it", or "Nose goes!" to begin the game, however, in other versions no announcement is necessary, and simply ...
4. Would you like Red Nose to hold a virtual National Service again on Red Nose Day? Yes ... Thank you for attending our first online Remembrance Service developed and facilitated by Red Nose staff and families. Red Nose ... rednose.org.au if you would like to provide your feedback directly and thank you for your support of Red Nose. ...
When smelly molecules waft over the olfactory epithelium inside the nose, they. bind to receptors on neurons, triggering ...
a b *Alejandro sanz releases se vende as the second single from his upcoming new album la musica no se toca ... La Música No Se Toca (English: The music is not played) is the tenth studio album recorded by Spanish singer-songwriter ... "Spanish album certifications - Alejandro Sanz - La Música No Se Toca". El portal de Música. Productores de Música de España.. ... Weekly chart performance for La Música No Se Toca 10 Aniversario Chart (2022) Peak. position ...
BUSTER: assault, biting, Michigan, nose, Ouch Police Arrest Michigan Man For Biting Off Nose Of Female Friend During Party ... TAGS: nose Popular Tags. Florida Friday Photo Fun mug shot roundup assault Florida Man FBI battery South Carolina theft Ohio ...
It can make the nose larger or smaller; change the angle of the nose in relation to the upper lip; alter the tip of the nose; ... Nose surgery that included turbinate reduction, septoplasty (deviated septum repair) and rhinoplasty (cosmetic nose surgery) to ... Nose surgery that included turbinate reduction, septoplasty (deviated septum repair) and rhinoplasty (cosmetic nose surgery) to ... A splint is placed outside the nose to support the new shape of the nose as it heals. ...
3M™ Nose Cup Assemblies are quick and easy to fit and can help extend the effective service life of your 3M™ Reusable ... Respirator if the nose cup becomes lost, worn or damaged. ... Reusable Respirator Nose Cup Assemblies are replacement parts ... Our replacement nose cups replaces damaged or worn face mask nose cups, and its specially designed for use with 3M™ Reusable ... 3M™ Reusable Respirator Nose Cup Assemblies are replacement parts designed for use with 3M™ Reusable Respirators. 3M™ Nose Cup ...
Book now at Nose Dive in Greenville, SC. Explore menu, see photos and read 1779 reviews: We were there at a fairly off time 4: ... Does Nose Dive offer delivery through OpenTable or takeout?. Nose Dive offers takeout which you can order by calling the ... NOSE DIVE also offers a wide selection of handcrafted beers and a carefully-constructed wine list. The patio at NOSE DIVE is ... How is Nose Dive restaurant rated?. Nose Dive is rated 4.5 stars by 1779 OpenTable diners. ...
Police in Denver are using a nose telescope to tackle odours from the recreational use of marijuana ... Police use nose telescope for cannabis odour mapping. Police in Denver are using a nose telescope to tackle odours from the ... The nose telescope - also known as an olfactometer - is the device used to measure the concentration of cannabis in the air ... The nose telescope - also known as an olfactometer - is the device used to measure the concentration of cannabis in the air. ...
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Nose In The Joint. * Nose In The Joint. https://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/nose-joint ... Nose In The Joint. A dozen perps with beaten beaks kick off roundup. ... SEPTEMBER 11-Our mug shot roundup begins this week with a dozen arrestees who nose something about getting dinged during the ...
... Lungs, Bronchi, Trachea, Nose. Anatomy and Physiology. *The Respitory ... Inside your nose you have a series of structures called turbinates. Whenever you breathe, the air is forced over the turbinates ... If you have ever slept with such a badly stuffed-up nose that you had to breathe through your mouth all night, you probably ... Given that the mucus will dry over time, much of it gets caught in the nose hair, which are called vibrissae (which ...
Learn more about what might cause a bad smell in the nose, and what to do about it, here. ... Causes of a bad smell in the nose include sinusitis, mouth or tooth infections, and certain foods and drinks. ... Lean over the sink and sniff some of the mixture into one nostril at a time, then let it run out of the nose. It may help to ... I can smell ammonia and it feels like it is coming from the back of my nose. I have CKD and wondering if this was a symptom and ...
Game Groups share price nose dives Worth 90% less today than a year ago. ...
Your nose helps you breathe, smell, and taste. Find out how in this article for kids. ... Lets be nosy and find out some more about the nose.. What Are the Parts of the Nose?. The nose has two holes called nostrils. ... Your nose is also a two-way street. When you exhale the old air from your lungs, the nose is the main way for the air to leave ... Your nose lets you smell and its a big part of why you are able to taste things. The nose is also the main gate to the ...
A nose fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage over the bridge, or in the sidewall or septum (structure that divides the ... For minor nose injuries, the provider may want to see the person within the first week after the injury to see if the nose has ... Nose injuries and neck injuries are often seen together. A blow that is forceful enough to injure the nose may be hard enough ... Fracture of the nose; Broken nose; Nasal fracture; Nasal bone fracture; Nasal septal fracture ...
Your nose could provide the first reliable diagnostic tool for predicting a persons likelihood of developing psychosis, new ... Could You Suffer From Psychosis? The Nose Knows. Date:. October 29, 2003. Source:. University Of Melbourne. Summary:. Your nose ... Your nose could provide the first reliable diagnostic tool for predicting a persons likelihood of developing psychosis, new ... "Could You Suffer From Psychosis? The Nose Knows." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com. /. releases. /. 2003. /. 10. /. ...
The nose stylus will save the day! (Yes, were just as confused as you are...) ... The finger-nose stylus is a nose-extension made from plaster with a storebought handheld stylus embedded inside. The nose also ... so he came up with this method of using an extended and slender nose so that he could precisely navigate with the nose while ... With the noses capacitive tip, you can use it as an extra finger for texting or scrolling through a webpage. It can be used ...
As a result, the sill---or its outside end called the nose ... Use a sill nose as an extension for a very deep sill or just ... Use a router or small circular saw to make cuts on the sill to match the nose and trim the nose on the ends to fit into the ... As a result, the sill---or its outside end called the nose---often rots or cracks before any other part of the window frame ... After dry-fitting everything, apply liberal beads of adhesive or caulk along the undersides and dado of the sill nose and slide ...
See examples of NOSING used in a sentence. ... C18: from nose + -ing 1. Collins English Dictionary - Complete ... First recorded in 1765-75; nose + -ing1. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random ... nosing. in a sentence. *. Edges should be finished with nosings, which are rounded edges. ...
View the profile of Washington Redskins Nose Tackle Kedric Golston on ESPN. Get the latest news, live stats and game highlights ...
Bullet nose articulating grasper. Double-action. Tungsten carbide diamond jaw insert. 5mm, 34cm, 90 degree, insulated handle, ...
Are dry noses a thing during pregnancy? I feel like I cannot breathe today 🥴 never had this in previous pregnancy. ... Nose bleeds too! I had my first nose bleed a few weeks ago (I go between stuffy nose and runny nose) and the blood shocked me ... Yesssss! My nose always feels like its burning especially when Im at work I just give up and breathe through my mouth lol. 20 ... What has helped me is taking a qtip and putting just a little bit of Vaseline on it and rubbing it in my nose and using a ...
The sketch had him and George singing in a car on their way to save Red Nose Day. The Late, Late Show With James Corden has had ... For Red Nose Day this year, designer Stella McCartney, daughter of Paul McCartney, has created five charity t-shirts, one of ... Every year, the good Doctor and his companions drop in on BBCs Comic Relief, an annual telethon for Red Nose Day in the UK. ... Tags: CBS, Comic Relief, George Michael, James Corden, Red Nose Day, The Late Late Show with James Corden ...
Your nose, of course! Your nose helps you smell thousands of different things. Although not as sensitive as a dogs nose, your ... Read below to find out why that happens, along with other fun and fascinating facts about the nose! ... nose allows you to smell good and bad things, and also plays a huge part in your ability to taste things. Different smells can ... The Nose Facts. The Nose Facts. What part of the body allows you to smell that freshly-delivered pizza, or the baked bread out ...
Id appreciate the opportunity to get a nose ring, and signing this petition will help this desperate cause. Signing only takes ... I have wanted a nose piercing desperately. But, I am under 18 and I need my parents permission. They of course said no, ... I have wanted a nose piercing desperately. But, I am under 18 and I need my parents permission. They of course said no, ... Id appreciate the opportunity to get a nose ring, and signing this petition will help this desperate cause. Signing only takes ...
... The best Italian sedan you always forget about was just refreshed ... 2017 Maserati Quattroporte Receives New Nose, New Packages. Conner Golden,. Jun 13, 2016. ...
Use a no-nose seat for workplace bicycling. It may feel very different so allow time to adjust to riding with the new seat. No- ... A no-nose bicycle seat does not have any material that protrudes between the thighs of the cyclist, and is designed to reduce ... Seek guidance on proper fit from a trained bicycle fit specialist. Use of a no-nose seat may require different height and angle ... A traditional seat has a narrow nose that protrudes under the groin as the cyclist straddles the bicycle that supports part of ...
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Here we report how nose-emitting bats, Phyllostomus discolor, adjust their sonar beam to object distance. First, we show that ... discolor the nose leaf. This mechanism would be functionally equivalent to the adaptive change in the shape of the nose leaf in ... which showed that in nose-emitting bats, the nose leaf defines the height of the sonar beam while the spacing of the nostrils ... How to cite this article: Linnenschmidt, M. and Wiegrebe, L. Sonar beam dynamics in leaf-nosed bats. Sci. Rep. 6, 29222; doi: ...
  • Surgeons who do rhinoplasties typically have training in either plastic surgery, otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat specialty), or both. (bcm.edu)
  • If you have ever slept with such a badly stuffed-up nose that you had to breathe through your mouth all night, you probably woke up with the effects of having no nose: Your throat was probably very sore. (infoplease.com)
  • The condition can also cause bad breath and a discolored, bad-smelling discharge in the nose and back of the throat, all of which may create a bad smell in the nose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Behind your nose in the middle of your face is a space called the nasal cavity, which connects with the back of your throat. (softschools.com)
  • The ears, nose, and throat are located near each other and have separate but related functions. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Cancers of the mouth, nose, and throat develop in almost 65,000 people in the United States each year. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Aspects on delivery of ear, nose, and throat care to Montana Indians. (cdc.gov)
  • Nose surgery that included turbinate reduction, septoplasty (deviated septum repair) and rhinoplasty (cosmetic nose surgery) to enhance appearance and airflow through the nose. (bcm.edu)
  • A nose fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage over the bridge, or in the sidewall or septum (structure that divides the nostrils) of the nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The nose has two holes called nostrils . (kidshealth.org)
  • Between your two nostrils (the openings at the end of your nose) there is a wall of very thin cartilage (cartilage is not as stiff as bone, but is much stronger than skin) called the nasal septum. (softschools.com)
  • A nose is a protuberance in vertebrates that houses the nostrils, or nares, which receive and expel air for respiration alongside the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birds have a similar nose to reptiles, with the nostrils located at the upper rear part of the beak. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cetaceans, the nose has been reduced to one or two blowholes, which are the nostrils that have migrated to the top of the head. (wikipedia.org)
  • During rhinoplasty, the surgeon makes incisions to access the bones and cartilage that support the nose. (bcm.edu)
  • After the surgeon has rearranged and reshaped the bone and cartilage, the skin and tissue is redraped over the structure of the nose. (bcm.edu)
  • For example, damage to the cartilage can cause a collection of blood to form inside the nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Closer to the tip of your nose, the septum is made of cartilage (say: KAR-tel-ij), which is flexible material that's firmer than skin or muscle. (kidshealth.org)
  • The noses of children are composed primarily of cartilage. (medscape.com)
  • The lower part of the nose gains its support from cartilage. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Inside the nose is a hollow cavity (nasal cavity), which is divided into two passages by a thin sheet of cartilage and bone called the nasal septum. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Rhinoplasty is surgery to reshape the nose. (bcm.edu)
  • You can always expect temporary swelling and bruising around the eyes and nose after rhinoplasty. (bcm.edu)
  • Plastic surgery involving the nose is called 'rhinoplasty. (softschools.com)
  • A septorhinoplasty is a rhinoplasty (nose reshaping) procedure that also addresses patients with blocked nasal passages. (nuffieldhealth.com)
  • The mucous membrane makes mucus, that sticky stuff in your nose you might call snot . (kidshealth.org)
  • When you exhale the old air from your lungs, the nose is the main way for the air to leave your body. (kidshealth.org)
  • The nose also warms, moistens, and filters the air before it goes to the lungs. (kidshealth.org)
  • Acting as the first interface between the external environment and an animal's delicate internal lungs, a nose conditions incoming air, both as a function of thermal regulation and filtration during respiration, as well as enabling the sensory perception of smell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inside of your nose is lined with a moist, thin layer of tissue called a mucous membrane (say: MYOO-kus MEM-brayne). (kidshealth.org)
  • When smelly molecules waft over the olfactory epithelium inside the nose, they bind to receptors on neurons, triggering electrical impulses that travel to the olfactory bulb in the brain. (newscientist.com)
  • Up on the roof of the nasal cavity (the space behind your nose) is the olfactory epithelium (say: ol-FAK-tuh-ree eh-puh-THEE-lee-um). (kidshealth.org)
  • First of all, let's look at the passageway when you breathe through the nose (see Figure 13.2). (infoplease.com)
  • My nose always feels like it's burning especially when I'm at work I just give up and breathe through my mouth lol. (babycenter.com)
  • Even if you think you're a "mouth-breather," you still mostly breathe through your nose. (softschools.com)
  • The research has important implications for how dinosaurs used their noses to not only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and cool their brains. (eurekalert.org)
  • NIOSH has conducted studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of no-nose bicycle saddles in reducing pressure in the groin and improving the sexual health of male bicycle patrol police officers. (cdc.gov)
  • While most workers in jobs that involve bicycling are men, recent evidence suggests that no-nose bicycle saddles may also benefit women. (cdc.gov)
  • The bones of the face contain the paranasal sinuses, which are hollow cavities that open into the nasal cavity (see Nose and Sinuses). (msdmanuals.com)
  • For one thing, the conducting portion of the respiratory system, particularly the nose, is the major gateway for infection, so the body has to be prepared with defenses. (infoplease.com)
  • The nose is also the main gate to the respiratory system, your body's system for breathing. (kidshealth.org)
  • In humans, the nose is located centrally on the face and serves as an alternative respiratory passage especially during suckling for infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to acting as a filter, mucus produced within the nose supplements the body's effort to maintain temperature, as well as contributes moisture to integral components of the respiratory system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though most breathing occurs through the nose, the mouth is also useful, especially when you are out of breath. (infoplease.com)
  • After the opening vestibule (nostril or nare) the air passes through the passage and down the nasopharynx, which is the portion of the pharynx behind the nose (the oropharynx is the portion, as you would imagine, behind the mouth). (infoplease.com)
  • These unpleasant gases, which become foul-smelling odors, can travel through small holes in the back of the mouth that connect to the sinuses and cause a bad smell in the nose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most of our ability to enjoy the taste and smell of food and drink relies on molecules traveling to the sinuses through a passageway near where the roof of the mouth connects to the nose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • So, when there is not enough saliva, a person is more likely to experience conditions that can cause a bad smell or taste in the mouth and nose, such as bad breath and tooth decay. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Nose ornaments, suspended from the nasal septum and often covering the mouth and lower face, were worn by high-ranking individuals in the Andes and were likely made to exemplify the power and position of the wearer both in life and in death. (metmuseum.org)
  • The protruding nose that is completely separate from the mouth part is a characteristic found only in therian mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The nasal cavity of mammals has been enlarged, in part, by the development of a palate cutting off the entire upper surface of the original oral cavity, which consequently becomes part of the nose, leaving the palate as the new roof of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you must pull clothing over your head, close your eyes and mouth, and hold your breath so you don't get sulfur mustard in your eyes, nose, or mouth. (cdc.gov)
  • A fractured nose is the most common fracture of the face. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The septum, which is the shock absorber of the nose, may fracture and be displaced from its pedestal. (medscape.com)
  • Asymmetric noses are typically characterized by deviation of the bony upper third and/or the cartilaginous lower two thirds of the nose. (medscape.com)
  • Here we report how nose-emitting bats, Phyllostomus discolor , adjust their sonar beam to object distance. (nature.com)
  • As only half of our individuals sharpened their beam onto the approaching object we suggest that this strategy is facultative, under voluntary control and that beam formation is likely mediated by muscular control of the acoustic aperture of the bats' nose leaf. (nature.com)
  • The nose-emitting rhinolophid bats do not change the spectral centroid of their signals during prey capture. (nature.com)
  • An estimated 6.7 million bats have died since 2006 because of an outbreak of white-nose syndrome, a fast-moving disease that has wiped out entire colonies and left caves littered with the bones of dead bats. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • What is white-nose syndrome, and how does it kill bats? (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • White-nose syndrome is the result of a fungus called Pseudogymnoascus destructans that invades and ingests the skin of hibernating bats, including their wings. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • Some bats may survive a winter with white-nose syndrome only to subsequently succumb in the spring, when their immune systems kick into overdrive, attacking the fungal invader and their own tissues at the same time. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • Dead or dying bats are frequently observed with a white fuzz around their muzzles, hence the name "white-nose syndrome. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • So far, white-nose syndrome appears to affect only bats that hibernate, which make up about half of the 45 bat species in the United States. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • Bats with symptoms of white-nose syndrome (WNS) C) and obtained 2 fungal cultures from swab specimens were first detected in the United States in 2006, and the taken from these bats. (cdc.gov)
  • In some groups, however, including primates, bats, and cetaceans, the nose has been secondarily reduced, and these animals consequently have a relatively poor sense of smell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cilia move back and forth to move the mucus out of the sinuses and back of the nose. (kidshealth.org)
  • Behind the nose are the olfactory mucosa and the sinuses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Uncooperative or pediatric patients may not be able to undergo anesthesia to the nose. (medscape.com)
  • What causes a weird smell in the nose? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some people have a bad or strange smell that seems to come from inside the nose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most conditions that cause a bad smell in the nose are not life threatening. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This article discusses the causes of a bad smell in the nose, as well as treatments and prevention methods. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Several conditions are commonly associated with a bad smell inside the nose, and we cover many of them below. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Your nose lets you smell and it's a big part of why you are able to taste things. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your nose helps you smell thousands of different things. (softschools.com)
  • Although not as sensitive as a dog's nose, your nose allows you to smell good and bad things, and also plays a huge part in your ability to taste things. (softschools.com)
  • The nose allows you to smell by sending signals to the brain via the olfactory nerve. (softschools.com)
  • The sensitive cold receptors in the skin detect the place where the nose is cooled the most and this is the direction a particular smell that the animal just picked up comes from. (wikipedia.org)
  • If this blood is not drained right away, it can cause an abscess or a permanent deformity that blocks the nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • S-shaped crooked nose deformity. (medscape.com)
  • White-nose syndrome was first discovered in North America in upstate New York in February 2006, in a cave adjoining a commercial cave visited by 200,000 people per year. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • The following species have been infected by white-nose syndrome: little brown bat (once the most common bat in the eastern United States), northern long-eared bat (threatened), tricolored bat, Indiana bat (endangered), the big brown bat, eastern small-footed bat, and gray bat (endangered). (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • Where has white-nose syndrome been found? (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • In March 2016, white-nose syndrome was found on a dying bat in Washington state -a jump of 1,300 miles from the closest known location of the disease. (biologicaldiversity.org)
  • Familiarity with the crooked nose leads to appreciation of commonly associated anatomical abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • The person has a bloody nose that can't be stopped. (webmd.com)
  • Some 13 per cent had celestial noses, with celebrity examples including actress Carey Mulligan. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • These receptors are very small - there are about 10 million of them in your nose! (kidshealth.org)
  • Your nose has special receptors that are sensitive to odor molecules travelling through the air. (softschools.com)
  • DO NOT try to straighten a broken nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The officer, a 5-year veteran of the force, suffered a broken nose, and abrasions to his forehead and knuckles, but was able to return to work Thursday night. (cbsnews.com)
  • Given that the mucus will dry over time, much of it gets caught in the nose hair, which are called vibrissae (which incidentally is the same name given to the whiskers of a cat, too). (infoplease.com)
  • Then pinch your nose completely shut and take another bite. (softschools.com)
  • For an object deeper in the nose, pinch the clear side of the nose closed. (webmd.com)
  • If minor bleeding occurs after object removal, firmly pinch the nose shut for 10 minutes. (webmd.com)
  • Professor Abraham Tamir toured shopping centres in Europe and Israel, taking candid photographs of people with interesting noses. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The only thing that changes about a person's face after they've had surgery is that their nose is smaller and their eyebrows might be a little bit darker.Most people who have surgery don't have a problem with their breathing. (physicsforums.com)
  • And, yes, when people look at you, they probably ARE looking at your nose. (physicsforums.com)
  • People who care how your nose looks? (physicsforums.com)
  • Ben Stiller anchors 'Red Nose National News' to give people fundraising ideas for Red Nose. (thedrum.com)
  • Typical Americans, have to have their noses in everything! (engrish.com)
  • If anybody nose disease, it's us Americans! (engrish.com)
  • Because Americans are always putting our business into other peoples noses. (engrish.com)
  • Correction of a twisted nose poses one of the greatest challenges in septorhinoplasty. (medscape.com)
  • During your septorhinoplasty the appearance of your nose will be enhanced. (nuffieldhealth.com)
  • Red Nose Day is part of the British charity organization Comic Relief. (geeksofdoom.com)
  • Every year, the good Doctor and his companions drop in on BBC's Comic Relief , an annual telethon for Red Nose Day in the UK. (geeksofdoom.com)
  • The highlight of Comic Relief is Red Nose Day, and in 2001 Delia wrote a collection of chocolate recipes to help raise funds. (deliaonline.com)
  • Just as your eyes give you information by seeing and your ears help you out by hearing, the nose lets you figure out what's happening by smelling. (kidshealth.org)
  • The patio at NOSE DIVE is the perfect place to enjoy Greenville's beautiful Main Street. (opentable.com)
  • For a more complete discussion of nasal anatomy, see Nose Anatomy . (medscape.com)
  • however, both patients and physicians alike frequently overlook childhood trauma as a common cause of crooked nose. (medscape.com)
  • Nose resurfacing with free fasciocutaneous flaps in burns patients. (bvsalud.org)
  • Neglected or partially reduced nasal fractures usually result in a crooked nose associated with surface depressions and irregularities. (medscape.com)
  • Fractures of the nasal bones (FNB) are common because of the important position occupied by the nose in the face. (bvsalud.org)
  • But Wayne Rooney has one of the most attractive noses in the country, according to researchers. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • SEPTEMBER 11-Our mug shot roundup begins this week with a dozen arrestees who nose something about getting dinged during the arrest process. (thesmokinggun.com)
  • Red Nose Day brand roundup: British Airways, PG Tips, Harry Potter, Love Actually and dart. (thedrum.com)
  • A blow that is forceful enough to injure the nose may be hard enough to injure the neck. (medlineplus.gov)
  • And imo, Joe Blow needs more nose hair. (blogspot.com)
  • Now I need to go blow my nose though. (blogspot.com)
  • Have the person blow their nose hard several times. (webmd.com)
  • A nose bleed can occur when blood vessels in the septum break. (softschools.com)
  • If you go to kiss your honey, and her nose is kind of runny, don't laugh 'cause it's funny, 'cause it'S NOT! (engrish.com)
  • Bad smelling fluid draining out of the nose. (webmd.com)
  • Bourke drew from a branch of engineering called computational fluid dynamics, an approach commonly used in the aerospace industry and medicine, to model how air flowed through the noses of modern-day dinosaur relatives such as ostriches and alligators. (eurekalert.org)
  • Diseases of the septum and internal nose may cause resorption of supporting structures leading to collapse of nasal valves and deviation . (medscape.com)
  • The understanding of nasal innervation can be simplified by dividing it into the internal (mucosal) and external (skin) aspects of the nose. (medscape.com)
  • Cosmetic surgery should only be done on a fully developed nose. (bcm.edu)
  • Our replacement nose cups replaces damaged or worn face mask nose cups, and it's specially designed for use with 3M™ Reusable Respirators. (3m.com)
  • Behind your nose, in the middle of your face, is a space called the nasal cavity . (kidshealth.org)
  • The nose also has two elastic bands which hold it on your face. (pcworld.com)
  • Nasal bones are the most commonly fractured bones in the face, and fractured nasal bones are a leading cause of an asymmetric nose. (medscape.com)
  • I mean nose is the 1st thing that I notice in people's faces and my own face. (physicsforums.com)
  • Police said Boone jumped on top of the officer when he fell to the ground, and kneed him in the face, breaking his nose. (cbsnews.com)
  • The infraorbital nerve (V2) supplies the inferior and lateral aspects of the nose, extending to the lower eyelids. (medscape.com)
  • Deep inside your nose, close to your skull, your septum is made of very thin pieces of bone. (kidshealth.org)
  • It's not as hard as bone, and if you push on the tip of your nose, you can feel how wiggly it is. (kidshealth.org)
  • It turns out that building all that extra skull bone resulted in ossifying soft tissues in other areas of the body-such as the nose. (eurekalert.org)
  • The upper part of the nose consists mostly of bone. (msdmanuals.com)
  • It may lead to tissue death and cause the nose to collapse. (medlineplus.gov)