A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A species of HANTAVIRUS causing a less severe form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME in Asia (primarily Korea and Japan). It is transmitted by rats, especially Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus.
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Viruses whose host is Bacillus. Frequently encountered Bacillus phages include bacteriophage phi 29 and bacteriophage phi 105.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A very potent liver carcinogen.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
A plant genus of the FABACEAE family known for the seeds used as food.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
A reagent used mainly to induce experimental liver cancer. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, p. 89) published in 1985, this compound "may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen." (Merck, 11th ed)
Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.
Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.

Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women. (1/3226)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years. (2/3226)

BACKGROUND: The objective of the investigation was to test the hypothesis that exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has a causal influence on the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age. METHODS: A nested case-control study with 153 one-to-one matched pairs was conducted within a cohort of 3754 children born in Oslo in 1992/93. Cases were children who developed > or = 2 episodes of bronchial obstruction or one episode lasting >4 weeks. Controls were matched for date of birth. Exposure measurements were performed in the same 14-day period within matched pairs. The NO2 exposure was measured with personal samplers carried close to each child and by stationary samplers outdoors and indoors. RESULTS: Few children (4.6%) were exposed to levels of NO2 > or = 30 microg/m3 (average concentration during a 14-day period). In the 153 matched pairs, the mean level of NO2 was 15.65 microg/m3 (+/-0.60, SE) among cases and 15.37 (+/-0.54) among controls (paired t = 0.38, P = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that NO2 exposure at levels observed in this study has no detectable effect on the risk of developing bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age.  (+info)

Salmonella infections in Norway: descriptive epidemiology and a case-control study. (3/3226)

The epidemiological progression of human salmonellosis in Norway is parallel to trends noted elsewhere in Europe. During the past two decades, the number of reported cases has increased steadily, with a special sharp rise in the early 1980s due to the emergence of Salmonella enteritidis, followed by a levelling off in recent years. However, in contrast to the situation in most other European countries, about 90% of the cases from whom a travel history is available, have acquired their infection abroad. The incidence of indigenous salmonella infections as well as the prevalence of the microorganism in the domestic food chain, are both comparatively low. In 1993-4, a national case-control study of sporadic indigenous salmonella infections was conducted to identify preventable risk factors and guide preventive efforts. Ninety-four case patients and 226 matched population controls were enrolled. The study failed to demonstrate any statistically significant association between salmonellosis and consumption of domestically produced red meat, poultry or eggs. The only factor which remained independently associated with an increased risk in conditional logistic regression analysis, was consumption of poultry purchased abroad during holiday visits to neighbouring countries. A separate analysis of Salmonella typhimurium infections incriminated food from catering establishments and foreign travel among household members, in addition to imported poultry.  (+info)

Homozygosity mapping to the USH2A locus in two isolated populations. (4/3226)

Usher syndrome is a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterised by progressive visual loss from retinitis pigmentosa and moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss. Usher syndrome is estimated to account for 6-10% of all congenital sensorineural hearing loss. A gene locus in Usher type II (USH2) families has been assigned to a small region on chromosome 1q41 called the UHS2A locus. We have investigated two families with Usher syndrome from different isolated populations. One family is a Norwegian Saami family and the second family is from the Cayman Islands. They both come from relatively isolated populations and are inbred families suitable for linkage analysis. A lod score of 3.09 and 7.65 at zero recombination was reached respectively in the two families with two point linkage analysis to the USH2A locus on 1q41. Additional homozygosity mapping of the affected subjects concluded with a candidate region of 6.1 Mb. This region spans the previously published candidate region in USH2A. Our study emphasises that the mapped gene for USH2 is also involved in patients from other populations and will have implications for future mutation analysis once the USH2A gene is cloned.  (+info)

Exhaled and nasal NO levels in allergic rhinitis: relation to sensitization, pollen season and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. (5/3226)

Exhaled nitric oxide is a potential marker of lower airway inflammation. Allergic rhinitis is associated with asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. To determine whether or not nasal and exhaled NO concentrations are increased in allergic rhinitis and to assess the relation between hyperresponsiveness and exhaled NO, 46 rhinitic and 12 control subjects, all nonasthmatic nonsmokers without upper respiratory tract infection, were randomly selected from a large-scale epidemiological survey in Central Norway. All were investigated with flow-volume spirometry, methacholine provocation test, allergy testing and measurement of nasal and exhaled NO concentration in the nonpollen season. Eighteen rhinitic subjects completed an identical follow-up investigation during the following pollen season. Exhaled NO was significantly elevated in allergic rhinitis in the nonpollen season, especially in perennially sensitized subjects, as compared with controls (p=0.01), and increased further in the pollen season (p=0.04), mainly due to a two-fold increase in those with seasonal sensitization. Nasal NO was not significantly different from controls in the nonpollen season and did not increase significantly in the pollen season. Exhaled NO was increased in hyperresponsive subjects, and decreased significantly after methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction, suggesting that NO production occurs in the peripheral airways. In allergic rhinitis, an increase in exhaled nitric oxide on allergen exposure, particularly in hyperresponsive subjects, may be suggestive of airway inflammation and an increased risk for developing asthma.  (+info)

Quality of life in head and neck cancer patients: validation of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-H&N35. (6/3226)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define the scales and test the validity, reliability, and sensitivity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ)-H&N35, a questionnaire designed to assess the quality of life of head and neck (H&N) cancer patients in conjunction with the general cancer-specific EORTC QLQ-C30. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were given to 500 H&N cancer patients from Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands as part of two prospective studies. The patients completed the questionnaires before, during (Norway and Sweden only), and after treatment, yielding a total of 2070 completed questionnaires. RESULTS: The compliance rate was high, and the questionnaires were well accepted by the patients. Seven scales were constructed (pain, swallowing, senses, speech, social eating, social contact, sexuality). Scales and single items were sensitive to differences between patient subgroups with relation to site, stage, or performance status. Most scales and single items were sensitive to changes, with differences of various magnitudes according to the site in question. The internal consistency, as assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, varied according to assessment point and within subsamples of patients. A low overall alpha value was found for the speech and the senses scales, but values were higher in assessments of patients with laryngeal cancer and in patients with nose, sinus, and salivary gland tumors. Scales and single items in the QLQ-H&N35 seem to be more sensitive to differences between groups and changes over time than do the scales and single items in the core questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The QLQ-H&N35, in conjunction with the QLQ-C30, provides a valuable tool for the assessment of health-related quality of life in clinical studies of H&N cancer patients before, during, and after treatment with radiotherapy, surgery, or chemotherapy.  (+info)

Reduced health-related quality of life among Hodgkin's disease survivors: a comparative study with general population norms. (7/3226)

BACKGROUND: Late complications after curative treatment of Hodgkin's disease are of special relevance because most of the cured are young adults. The aims of the present study were: (1) to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Hodgkin's disease (HD) survivors with normative data from the general Norwegian population and (2) to examine the relations between disease/treatment characteristics and HRQOL in the HD survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 459 HD survivors aged 19-74 years (mean 44.0, SD 11.8) treated at the Norwegian Radium Hospital 1971-1991 were approached in 1994 and compared to norms from 2214 subjects approached in 1996. The norms are representative of the general Norwegian population. HRQOL was assessed by the Short Form 36 (SF-36), which measures HRQOL in eight separate scales (0 = worst health state, 100 = best health state). RESULTS: The HD survivors had lower scores than the normal controls on all scales after adjustment for age, gender and educational levels. Statistically significant differences (P < 0.01) were found in general health (10.4), physical functioning (6.1), role limitations (physical, 9.3), physical functioning (3.6) and in vitality (4.7). Patients with disease stage IB-IIB had the lowest scores on all scales. The differences in relation to stage/substage reached statistical significance (P < 0.01) in physical functioning and in role limitations (physical). Time since diagnosis, types of primary treatment or having relapsed were not associated with statistically significant differences in HRQOL. CONCLUSION: Long-term HD survivors have poorer HRQOL, primarily in physical health, than the general Norwegian population.  (+info)

Relative virulence of three isolates of Piscirickettsia salmonis for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch. (8/3226)

Piscirickettsia salmonis was first recognized as the cause of mortality among pen-reared coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in Chile. Since the initial isolation of this intracellular Gram-negative bacterium in 1989, similar organisms have been described from several areas of the world, but the associated outbreaks were not reported to be as serious as those that occurred in Chile. To determine if this was due to differences in virulence among isolates of P. salmonis, we conducted an experiment comparing isolates from Chile, British Columbia, Canada, and Norway (LF-89, ATL-4-91 and NOR-92, respectively). For each of the isolates, 3 replicates of 30 coho salmon were injected intraperitoneally with each of 3 concentrations of the bacterium. Negative control fish were injected with MEM-10. Mortalities were collected daily for 41 d post-injection. Piscirickettsiosis was observed in fish injected with each of the 3 isolates, and for each isolate, cumulative mortality was directly related to the concentration of bacterial cells administered. The LF-89 isolate was the most virulent, with losses reaching 97% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 91% in the replicates injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 57% in the fish injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The ATL-4-91 isolate caused losses of 92% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 76% in the fish injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 32% in those injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The NOR-92 isolate was the least virulent, causing 41% mortality in the replicates injected with 10(4.6) TCID50. At 41 d post-injection, 6% of the fish injected with 10(3.6) TCID50 NOR-92 had died. Mortality was only 2% in the fish injected with 10(2.6) TCID50 NOR-92, which was the same as the negative control group. Because the group injected with the highest concentration (10(4.6) TCID50) of NOR-92 was still experiencing mortality at 41 d, it was held for an additional 46 d. At 87 d post-injection, the cumulative mortality in this group had reached 70%. These differences in virulence among the isolates were statistically significant (p < 0.0001), and are important for the management of affected stocks of fish.  (+info)

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway has total three vacant postdoc and PhD positions. Position 1: Postdoctoral fellow in social differences and mental health Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health; Position 2: Doctoral research fellowship in social differences and mental health Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health; Position 3: Postdoctoral fellow on gender differences in education and health Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health. POSITION 1:. Postdoctoral fellow in social differences and mental health. Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Apply here: https://3502889672.webcruiter.no/Main/Recruit/Public/4185167100?language=EN. We have a vacant 3-year position as postdoctoral fellow in the project Reproduction of socioeconomic differences and mental health across generations (REMENTA), which is funded by the Research Council of Norway. The position ...
Objectives: To study the long-term (12 year) survival and quality of life (QOL) in former ICU patients. Setting: Two hundred and thir
In order to develop effective preventive strategies, knowledge of trends in socioeconomic and geographical differences in risk factor levels is important. The objective of this study was to examine social and spatial patterns of obesity diffusion in a Norwegian population during three decades. Data on adults aged 30-69 years from three cross-sectional health surveys eleven years apart in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, Norway, HUNT1 (1984-1986), HUNT2 (1995-1997) and HUNT3 (2006-2008) were utilized. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure of obesity. Height and weight were measured clinically. Age standardized prevalences, absolute prevalence differences and ratios, prevalence odds ratios for BMI and the Relative Index of Inequality (RII) were calculated. Multilevel statistical models were fitted for analysing geographical patterns. The prevalence of obesity was systematically higher in groups with lower socio-economic status and increased successively in all groups in the population during the
A new survey shows that only around 30 percent of Norwegian men use condoms when having casual sex, reports the state health agency Folkehelseinstitutt. That ranks among the worst in Europe, and the consequences are also reflected in statistics showing a huge increase in cases of sexually transmitted diseases.. Norwegian men are the worst in Europe at using condoms, and only condoms can protect against diseases, Kari Haugen, a nurse at the University of Stavanger, told NRK.. From her office at the universitys student union she points to research showing that three of four Norwegians have had unprotected sex and six out of 10 young Norwegian men failed to use a condom the last time they had sex with a new partner.. At the same time, health care officials are seeing a sharp rise in cases of syphillis, for example, up 500 percent between 2005 and 2015. Cases of gonorrhea doubled during the same time period, while there also were increases in cases of chronic hepatitis B and clamydia over the ...
The high intake of added sugar is one of the most important health-related concerns in the diet of children and adolescents.. To reduce the intake of added sugar, beverages with added sweeteners may be considered as a favorable alternative to sugar-containing products.. It has therefore been questioned whether the tax on drinks with added sweeteners should be decreased.. The Norwegian Food Safety Authority has been commissioned by the Ministry of Health and Care Services to assess whether the consumption of drinks with added sweeteners may pose a health risk to the population.. To investigate this issue, it is essential to get new and updated knowledge of the intake levels of sweeteners in the Norwegian population.. In order to provide a basis for answering the question asked by the Ministry, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to calculate the intake of sweeteners in the Norwegian population from consumption of beverages, and ...
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Invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) disease is endemic in Norway, but data on invasive group C and group G streptococcal (iGCS/GGS) disease are lacking. We investigated the characteristics of iGAS and iGCS/GGS infections in western Norway from March 2006 to February 2009. Clinical information was …
Book your tickets online for The Norwegian National Opera & Ballet, Oslo: See 4,789 reviews, articles, and 3,244 photos of The Norwegian National Opera & Ballet, ranked No.2 on TripAdvisor among 402 attractions in Oslo.
Plasma free choline, betaine and cognitive performance: the Hordaland Health Study - Volume 109 Issue 3 - Eha Nurk, Helga Refsum, Ingvar Bjelland, Christian A. Drevon, Grethe S. Tell, Per M. Ueland, Stein E. Vollset, Knut Engedal, Harald A. Nygaard, David A. Smith
Materials for investigation were collected during research cruises in October-November in the coastal areas of western and northern Norway, and in December 1978 - May 1979 in the northern North Sea and south of the Faroes (Table l), During the autumn of 1978 T.sagittatus mainly migrated to the Andfjord area in North Norway where a fishery took place in October-December. Off northern Norway the mean mantle length of the different samples was 33-34 cm, off western Norway 27-30 cm. In the northern North Sea most squid taken during December-April measured 18-28 cm, a few 13-17 cm and 30-36 cm. Those taken in May had a mean length of 30 cm. The total edible weight was on an average 74% of the total weight (mantle 50%, arms and tentacles, 24%) . Off northern Norway the liver weight constituted 12,6% (6-16) of the total weight, off western Norway 10% (4-13), south of the Faroes, 7.1% (3-13) . Males are easily distinguished macroscopically by the condition of the skin, becoming ragged and slimy very ...
The faecal carrier rate of vancomycin resistant enterococci VRE was surveyed among 616 patients in selected departments of 7 Norwegian hospitals. One Enterococcus gallinarum isolate harbouring a vanB2 element was recovered from a child with malignant disease treated with vancomycin and ceftazidime. No vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis...
Henrik Jensen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Marlene W. Stubberud, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway ; Ane M. Myhre, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Helle Baalsrud, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway ; Håkon Holand, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Thomas Kvalnes, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Ingerid J. Hagen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Henrik Pärn, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Thor Harald Ringsby, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Bernt-Erik Sæther, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ...
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health Twin Study of Mental Health: Examining Recruitment and Attrition Bias - Volume 12 Issue 2 - Kristian Tambs, Torbjørn Rønning, C. A. Prescott, Kenneth S. Kendler, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Svenn Torgersen, Jennifer R. Harris
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health monitors the health of the population and works to improve general health by focusing on health promotion and the prevention of disease.
The main finding in this population-based study from central Norway was a high prevalence of PsA of 0.67%. This is higher than what has previously been reported in two previous studies from Norway (0.2%)9 ,15 as well as in reports from other parts of the world (,0.01-0.42%).13 ,14 The gender and age distribution in our study, however, was analogous to the Norwegian study by Madland and colleagues from the western part of Norway.9 The prevalence of PsA in our study is more comparable with the prevalence of RA in Norway which, in hospital-based studies, has been reported to be approximately 0.5%.18 ,19 Of note, a more equal prevalence of PsA and RA has also been suggested by some investigators assessing other populations.3 ,13. The majority (96.2%) of the PsA patients in this study had involvement of peripheral joints while only 3.8% had exclusive involvement of the spine. These numbers are in the same range as reported by Madland and colleagues.9 However, in the HUNT study, as many as 27.2% with ...
Background: A previous study has shown that variations in threshold and intensity (lipid goal attainment) of statins for primary prevention contribute to regional differences in overall consumption of statins in Norway. Our objective was to explore how differences in prevalences of use, dosing characteristics, choice of statin and continuity of therapy in individual patients adds new information to previous results. Methods: Data were retrieved from The Norwegian Prescription Database. We included individuals from counties with high, average, and low statin consumption, who had at least one statin prescription dispensed during 2004 (N = 40 143). 1-year prevalence, prescribed daily dose (PDD), statin of choice, and continuity of therapy assessed by mean number of tablets per day. Results: The high-consumption county had higher prevalence of statin use in all age groups. Atorvastatin and simvastatin were dispensed in 79-87% of all statin users, and the proportion was significantly higher in the ...
Background: While BRCA mutation carriers possess a 20-40% lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer, knowledge about genetic modifying factors influencing the phenotypic expression remains obscure. We explored the distribution of the MDM2 polymorphisms SNP309T>G and the recently discovered SNP285G>C in Norwegian patients with BRCA related ovarian cancer.. G and the recently discovered SNP285G>C in Norwegian patients with BRCA related ovarian cancer.. C in Norwegian patients with BRCA related ovarian cancer.. Methods: 221 BRCA related ovarian cancer cases (BRCA1; n = 161 and BRCA2; n = 60) were tested for the MDM2 polymorphisms. Results were compared to healthy controls (n = 2,465).. Results: The SNP309G allele was associated with elevated OR for ovarian cancer in BRCA1 mutation carriers (SNP309TG: OR 1.53; CI 1.07-2.19; p = 0.020; SNP309GG: OR 1.92; CI 1.19-3.10; p = 0.009; SNP309TG+GG combined: OR 1.61; CI 1.15-2.27; p = 0.005). In contrast, the SNP285C allele reduced risk of BRCA1 related ...
Hi Riders I am from middile east and its my first time riding in Norway. I am planning to spend 7-10 riding days in southern norway, starting and...
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of vitamin D status with all-cause mortality in a Norwegian population and the potential influences of existing chronic diseases on the association. DESIGN A population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway. PARTICIPANTS A random sample (n=6613) of adults aged 20 years or older in a cohort. METHODS Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured in blood samples collected at baseline (n=6377). Mortality was ascertained from the Norwegian National Registry. Cox regression models were applied to estimate the HRs with 95% CIs for all-cause mortality in association with serum 25(OH)D levels after adjustment for a wide spectrum of confounding factors as well as chronic diseases at baseline. RESULTS The median follow-up time was 18.5 years, during which 1539 subjects died. The HRs for all-cause mortality associated with the first quartile level of 25(OH)D (|34.5 nmol/L) as compared with the fourth quartile (≥58.1
Presence of anti-GAD in a non-diabetic population of adults; time dynamics and clinical influence: results from the HUNT study ...
From the Department of Rheumatology, the Department of Cardiology, the Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, and the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet; Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo; Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo; Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Rheumatic Diseases in Children and Adolescents, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway. Supported by the Norwegian Extra Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation (2013/FOM5610) through the Norwegian Rheumatism Association. K.S. Berntsen, MD, Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet; A. Tollisen, RN, MSc, Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet; T. Schwartz, MD, PhD, Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, and Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo; E. Kirkhus, ...
The association between parity and CVD mortality was analyzed by estimating discrete-time hazard models for women and men aged 40-80 in 1975-2015. Register data covering the entire Norwegian population were used, and the models included a larger number of relevant sociodemographic control variables than in many previous studies. To analyze the relationship between parity and seven CVD risk factors, logistic models including the same variables as the mortality models were estimated from the CONOR collection of health surveys, linked to the register data ...
Østerås, Nina; Risberg, May Arna; Kvien, Tore Kristian; Engebretsen, Lars; Nordsletten, Lars; Bruusgaard, Dag; Schjervheim, Unni-Berit; Haugen, Ida Kristin; Hammer, Hilde Berner; Provan, Sella Aarrestad; Øiestad, Britt Elin; Semb, Anne Grete; Rollefstad, Silvia Christin Hellerud; Hagen, Kåre Birger; Uhlig, Till; Slatkowsky-Christensen, Barbara; Kjeken, Ingvild; Flugsrud, Gunnar B; Grotle, Margreth; Sessing, Sølve; Edvardsen, Hanne & Natvig, Bård (2013). Hand, hip and knee osteoarthritis in a Norwegian population-based study - The MUST protocol. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. ISSN 1471-2474. (14:201) . doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-201 Vis sammendrag Abstract Background Knowledge about the prevalence and consequences of osteoarthritis (OA) in the Norwegian population is limited. This study has been designed to gain a greater understanding of musculoskeletal pain in the general population with a focus on clinically and radiologically confirmed OA, as well as risk factors, consequences, and ...
AIM: To describe cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) values in a representative population of 9-year-old Norwegian children in two rural communities and compare present values with previous findings. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-nine 9-year-old children were invited, and 256 participated in this study. Maximal oxygen uptake was directly measured during a continuous progressive treadmill protocol. Body mass and height were also measured. RESULTS: The mean +/- SD relative maximal oxygen uptake was 52.8 +/- 6.5 for boys and 46.9 +/- 7.2 mL/kg/min for girls. Eight percent of the boys and 16.8% of the girls were classified as overweight, and 1.6% of the boys and 6.9% of the girls as obese. Mean age, body mass, height and Ponderal index were not significantly different between sexes. Girls had a higher BMI than boys (p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared to earlier Norwegian studies, childrens BMI values seem to have increased substantially. This increase is most pronounced in girls. When ...
Background: The municipalities are responsible for the emergency primary health care services in Norway. These services include casualty clinics, primary doctors on-call and local emergency medical communication centres (LEMC). The National centre for emergency primary health care has initiated an enterprise called The Watchtowers, comprising emergency primary health care districts, to provide routine information (patients way of contact, level of urgency and first action taken by the out-of-hours services) over several years based on a minimal dataset. This will enable monitoring, evaluation and comparison of the respective activities in the emergency primary health care services. The aim of this study was to assess incidence of emergency contacts (potential lifethreatening situations, red responses) to the emergency primary health care service. Methods: A representative sample of Norwegian emergency primary health care districts, The Watchtowers recorded all contacts and first action ...
The importance of healthy eating in adolescence is well established. The present study examined possible effects of the free Norwegian School Fruit Scheme (NSFS), changes in dietary habits between 1995 and 2008, and whether secular changes in dietary habits differed among schools who implemented the NSFS during September 2007. We used data from the Young-HUNT1 survey conducted from 1995 to 1997 and the Young-HUNT3 survey conducted from 2006 to 2008, which are part of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), a longitudinal population health study. To evaluate the NSFS, the date Young-HUNT3 participants answered the questionnaire was used to identify affiliation to the intervention group (post-September 2007, n = 1892) or control group (pre-September 2007, n = 2855). To explore dietary habits over time, adolescents attending the same schools in Young-HUNT1 (n = 4137) and Young-HUNT3 (n = 4113) were included. Further, we investigated secular changes in dietary habits according to school type (intervention
Bergen Computational Physics Lab 3 Project Hosts (BCPL) Name Prof. Ph.D. Publ. # Citations U of B ISI ISI02 Anderlik, Csaba 2001(+) Univ. of Bergen, Csernai, Laszlo P Eotvos U. Budap Hansen, Jan-Petter 1999 Univ. of Bergen, (*) Hansteen, J. M. 1985($) Univ. of Bergen, Helstrup, Haavard 2001(?) Univ. of Bergen, Kocbach, Ladislav 1993 Univ. of Bergen, Osnes, Eivind 1985(#) Univ. of Oslo, Rohrich, Dieter 1999 Univ. of Marburg, Stamnes, Jakob 1990 Univ. of Oslo, Vaagen, Jan S Univ. of Bergen, (+) Senior Scientist ($) Professor emeritus (#) Prof. Univ. of Oslo (?) Prof. Bergen Univ. College (*) For JP Hansen citations that could not be traced back to the original by the ISI WoS trace program are not counted, because of the large number of citations (800+) to authors with the same name and initials.
The majority of control subjects (n = 1,015) were women with a negative mammogram from the Tromsø Mammography and Breast Cancer Study conducted in 2001 and 2002. About 70% of the women, 55 to 71 years of age, residing in the municipality of Tromsø in Norway and attending the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program at the University Hospital of North Norway agreed to participate (19). The study was approved by the National Data Inspection Board and the Regional Committee for Medical Research Ethics. In addition, we included healthy woman (n = 109), 55 to 72 years of age, participating in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program in Bergen in 1999, with two negative mammogram during a 2-year period (20). From this latter group, women with p.o. hormone replacement therapy or history of diabetes or other endocrine disorders were excluded. The mean (range) ages for cases (n = 731) and controls (n = 1,124) in the Norwegian study were 56 (26-93) and 62 (55-72) years, respectively.. Polish ...
Currently Norway does not recommend universal varicella vaccination for healthy children. This study assessed susceptibility to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in the Norwegian population for the first time. A national convenience sample of residual sera was tested for anti-VZV IgG by ELISA. We estimated age-specific seropositivity to VZV, controlling for sex and geographical distribution. We assessed differences between the proportions using the chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression. Seroprevalence data were compared to the varicella and herpes zoster-associated consultation rates in patients attending primary healthcare. Although 73.2 % (n = 1,540) of all samples were positive for VZV, only 11.2 % of samples collected from 1-year-olds were seropositive. There was a sharp increase in the proportion of seropositive in 3- and 5-year-olds (40.2 % and 65.4 %, respectively). By the school entry age of 6 years, 69.8 % of children were seropositive. The age-specific annual consultation rate for
From the Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, and Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim; Department of Rheumatology and Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Translational Research Institute, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Biostatistics and Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. This study was supported by the Liaison Committee between the Central Norway Regional Health Authority and NTNU (grant 5056/46051000 to VV), and the Research Council of Norway (project 249944 to SR and VV). MAB is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Principal Research Fellowship (APP1024879). S. Rostami, ...
The MDM2 oncogene is amplified in many human cancers and high expression levels are considered to cause tumour growth. In the general population, there are different polymorphisms in the promoter of this gene and these are thought to influence the levels of MDM2 expression and thereby, potentially cancer risk. We have analysed several MDM2 polymorphisms in large samples of the Norwegian population and found them to influence cancer risk. In particular, we have found one polymorphism (SNP285) to affect binding both Sp1 and estrogen receptor and to reduces the risk of female cancers (breast- and ovarian cancer).. ...
Y-chromosomal variation at five biallelic markers (Tat, YAP, 12f2, SRY(10831) and 92R7) and nine multiallelic short tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385I/II and DYS388) in a Norwegian population sample are presented. The material consists of 1766 unrelated males of Norwegian origin. The geographical distribution of the population sample reflects fairly well the population distribution around the year 1942, which is the median birth year of the index persons. Seven hundred and twenty-one different Y-STR haplotypes but 726 different lineages (Y-STRs plus biallelic markers) were encountered. We observed six known (P*(xR1a), BR(xDE, J, N3, P), R1a, N3, DE, J), and one previously undescribed haplogroup (probably a subgroup within haplogroup P*(xR1a)). Four of the haplogroups (P*(xR1a), BR(xDE, J, N3, P), R1a and N3) represented about 98% of the population sample. The analysis of population pairwise differences indicates that the Norwegian ...
Background: Recent studies suggest that lactation has long-term effects on risk for cardiovascular disease in women, but the effects on cardiovascular mortality are less well known. Method: In a Norwegian population-based prospective cohort study, we studied the association of lifetime duration of lactation with cardiovascular mortality in 21,889 women aged 30 to 85 years who attended the second Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey (HUNT2) in 1995-1997. The cohort was followed for mortality through 2010 by a linkage with the Cause of Death Registry. Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for death from all causes and cardiovascular disease were calculated using Cox regression. Results: During follow-up, 1,246 women died from cardiovascular disease. Parous women younger than 65 years who had never lactated had a higher cardiovascular mortality than the reference group of women who had lactated 24 months or more (HR 2.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.28, 5.99). There was some evidence of a U-shaped association, ...
Cross-sectional surveys of Norwegian populations indicate that 14-17 per cent of the children below the age of 15 years have had an allergic disease. The corresponding figure in adults is 37 per cent. Among children allergic diseases tend to be more frequent in boys than in girls. In adults there is …
Note: (4005+2T->C)We screened 27 pediatric CF-patients from Western Norway for CFTR mutations by SSCP followed by direct sequencing. In three unrelated patients (all with another known CF-allele) we identified the same shift in exon 20. The PCR primers were 20a and 20B. The mutation causes loss of a natural HphI restriction site. Wild type: 473 bp in three fragments: 70, 137 and 266 bp. Mutated Allele: two fragments: 70 and 403 bp. Next to delF508, this mutation is the most commonly encountered in our CF population. This Bergen mutation was also commonly occurring in Oslo, but it was not found in Copenhagen (personal communications from Kritin Eiklid and Marianne Schwartz). In Norway, DF508 constitutes only about 60% of the CF-mutations (Eiklid et al Clin Genet 1993;44:12-14), in accordance with similar observations in Sweden (Acta Paediatr 1993:82:609). In Western Norway, delF508 is less prevalent than the Norwegian mean (around 50%, unpublished). In addition to delF508, we routinely screen our ...
These are the main conclusions in a scientific opinion from The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM), conducted at the request of the Norwegian Food Safety Authority (Mattilsynet).. Based on the premises described in the scientific opinion, previous international and national risk assessments, and published literature, the other conclusions drawn by VKM are:. - The critical adverse health effect of excess intake of vitamin A is teratogenicity. This effect is the basis for the tolerable upper intake level (UL) of 3000 µg RE/day.. - The most important source of vitamin A in the Norwegian population is diet, followed by food supplements and then cosmetics.. - Topical application of cosmetic products, as estimated in the standard scenarios (0.05% in body lotions and 0.3% in face and hand cream), increases the total exposure to vitamin A (retinol and retinyl esters) in all age groups.. The estimated contribution of retinol and retinyl esters from cosmetics is most prominent for ...
Singleton babies born after assisted fertilisation are at higher risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and perinatal death than spontaneously conceived ones⇑. But a new study suggests that this is mainly the result of factors associated with infertility rather than the technology itself.. A Norwegian population based cohort study, which compared perinatal outcomes in more than 1 200 000 singletons born as a result of spontaneous conception and more than 8000 singletons born after assisted conception, found that those born after assisted conception were lighter at birth (difference 25 g, 95% CI 14 to 35), had shorter duration of gestation (2.0 days, 1.6 to 2.3), and had an increased risk of perinatal death (odds ratio 1.31, 1.05 to 1.65) and being small for gestational age (1.26, 1.10 to 1.44).. However, when the researchers compared babies born to 2546 women who, in consecutive pregnancies, gave birth to a singleton after assisted conception and after spontaneous conception, they found ...
Bhargava, Sameer; Tsuruda, Kaitlyn; Moen, Kåre; Bukholm, Ida Rashida Khan & Hofvind, Solveig (2017). Lower attendance rates in immigrant versus non-immigrant women in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Programme. Journal of Medical Screening. ISSN 0969-1413. . doi: 10.1177/0969141317733771 Show summary Objective The Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Programme invites women aged 50-69 to biennial mammographic screening. Although 84% of invited women have attended at least once, attendance rates vary across the country. We investigated attendance rates among various immigrant groups compared with non-immigrants in the programme. Methods There were 4,053,691 invitations sent to 885,979 women between 1996 and 2015. Using individual level population-based data from the Cancer Registry and Statistics Norway, we examined percent attendance and calculated incidence rate ratios, comparing immigrants with non-immigrants, using Poisson regression, following womens first invitation to the programme and ...
Among the Norwegian population working full time, five out of ten are active members in at least one organisation, compared with three out of ten of unemployed or disabled persons. The employed also have better social networks and higher inter-human trust than the unemployed and disabled.
Emil Aas Stoltenberg (from August 2015), with Sven Ove Samuelsen and Nils LH as superviors. His Master project with Nils LH was completed in June 2015, with thesis title The c-Loss Function: Balancing Total and Individual Risk in the Simultaneous Estimation of Poisson Means. It concerns simultaneous estimation of an ensemble of Poisson parameters, using different loss functions, where certain estimation strategies uniformly dominate the maximum likelihood procedure. He also works with empirical Bayes methods, yielding estimators that nonparametrically smooth towards e.g. given Poisson regression models. Emil holds a previous Masters degree in political science, with thesis title Bayesian Forecasting of Election Results in Multiparty Systems. His political forecasting work put him in the news, and in several television programmes he was educating the Norwegian population on the ins and outs of the US presidential election processes when Trump won. Emil plays basketball at a high national ...
Rising workload in general practice has been a recent cause for concern in several countries; this is also the case in Norway. Long working hours and heavy workload seem to affect recruitment and retention of regular general practitioners (RGPs). We investigated Norwegian RGPs workload in terms of time used on patient-related office work, administrative work, municipality tasks and other professional activities in relation to RGPs, and gender, age, employment status and size of municipality. In early 2018, an electronic survey was sent to all 4716 RGPs in Norway. In addition to demographic background, the RGP reported minutes per day used on various tasks in the RGP practice prospectively during 1 week. Working time also included additional tasks in the municipality, other professional work and on out-of-hours primary health care. Differences were analysed by chi square test, independent t-tests, and one-way ANOVA. Among 1876 RGPs (39.8%), the mean total working hours per week was 55.6, while the mean
Kadycla, since September in 2014, has been recommended in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Groups medical guidelines for those who would benefit from its capabilities. Roche, in this case, through the span of three years aligned eight different pricing options for the authorities. In regards to this, Audun Ohna, director of market access and pricing, comments:. - We have worked a long time so that Norwegian breast cancer patients can have the chance to use Kadycla in Norwegian health services. After roughly three years negotiating, where we have stretched ourselves thin both economically and in variating payment solutions, we can finally and gladly say we have reached a solution that is both acceptable for both parties. This will benefit patients, doctors and society as a whole.. ...
Kadycla, since September in 2014, has been recommended in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Groups medical guidelines for those who would benefit from its capabilities. Roche, in this case, through the span of three years aligned eight different pricing options for the authorities. In regards to this, Audun Ohna, director of market access and pricing, comments:. - We have worked a long time so that Norwegian breast cancer patients can have the chance to use Kadycla in Norwegian health services. After roughly three years negotiating, where we have stretched ourselves thin both economically and in variating payment solutions, we can finally and gladly say we have reached a solution that is both acceptable for both parties. This will benefit patients, doctors and society as a whole.. ...
Education:. 2013-2015: Subjects in Biochemistry, Cell Biology, genetic and Molecular Biology.. University of Oslo, Norway. 1990-1991: Environmental study. Bachelor. Frederikshavn Technical Collage, Denmark. 1987-1989: Laboratory Technician. Frederikshavn Technical Collage, Denmark. Work experience:. 2017-present: Research engineer, dept. of Cellular Therapy, OUS-Radiumhospitalet, Oslo, Norway.. 2007-2017: Research engineer, Neurosurgical dept.OUS-Ullevål sykehus/Institute for Surgical Research, OUS-Rikshospitalet, Oslo,Norway.. 2006-2007: Research engineer, Biotechnology Center, Oslo, Norway.. 2004-2006: Research engineer, Institute for Surgical Research, Molecular Cardiology OUS-. Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.. 2003-2004: Research engineer, University of Oslo, dept. of Oral Biology, Oslo, Norway.. 2001-2004: Research engineer, Institute for Surgical Research, Molecular Cardiology OUS-. Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.. 1998-2001: Research engineer, institute for Experimental Medical Research ...
The main objective of the project is to continue the work on planning and implementing welfare technology in health care services in all municipalities in Sogn og Fjordane, and initializing spreading of such technology.
The incidence of pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in pregnancy is wide ranged depending on definition, the utilised diagnostic means, and the design of the studies. PGP during pregnancy has negative effects on activities of daily living and causes long sick leave, which makes it a major public health issue. Our objectives were to explore the frequency of sick leave in pregnancy due to PGP, assess the relationship between different types of pain-related activities of daily living, examine physical workload, type of work in relation to sick leave, and to explore factors that make women less likely to take sick leave for PGP. All women giving birth at the maternity ward of Stavanger University Hospital, Norway, were asked to participate and complete a questionnaire on demographic features, PGP, pain-related activities of daily living, sick leave in general and for PGP, frequency of exercising before and during pregnancy. Drawings of pelvic girdle and low back area were used for the localization of pain. PGP
A TaqMan real-time PCR assay targeting the Anaplasma citrate synthase gene, gltA, was developed and used for detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in 765 Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from dogs and cats in northern Norway (n = 669) and Telemark county in southern Norway (n = 96). Among the ticks from northern Norway the prevalence of A. phagocytophilum was 3.0 %, while the prevalence in southern Norway was 2.1 % (p = 0.63). The gltA PCR assay showed a high analytical sensitivity (30 genomic units) and efficiency (98.5 %), and its utility in clinical diagnostics should be evaluated in future studies. This is the first report of A. phagocytophilum occurrence in ticks collected north of the Arctic Circle in Norway. The prevalence is comparable to that found in Telemark county in southern Norway.
Background: The social gradient in disability pension is well recognized, however mechanisms accounting for the gradient are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the association between occupational class and subsequent disability pension among middle-aged men and women, and to what extent work-related factors accounted for the association. Methods: A subsample (N = 7031) of the population-based Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) conducted in 1997-99, provided self-reported information on health and work-related factors, and were grouped in four strata by Erikson, Goldthorpe and Portocareros occupational class scheme. The authors obtained follow-up data on disability pension by linking the health survey to national registries of benefit (FD-trygd). They employed Cox regression analysis and adjusted for gender, health (medical conditions, mental health, self-perceived health, somatic symptoms) and work-related factors (working hours, years in current occupation, physical demands, job ...
Police work is regarded as a high-stress occupation, but so far, no nationwide study has explored the associations between work stress and health. To explore physical and mental health among Norwegian police and associations to job stress. Comparisons were made with a nationwide sample of Norwegian physicians and the general Norwegian population. Comprehensive nationwide questionnaire survey of 3,272 Norwegian police at all hierarchical levels, including the Norwegian Police Stress Survey with two factors (serious operational tasks and work injuries), the Job Stress Survey with two factors (job pressure and lack of support), the Basic Character Inventory, the Subjective Health Complaint questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Paykels Suicidal Feelings in the General Population. The frequency of job pressure and lack of support was mainly associated to physical and mental health problems. Females showed higher means on anxiety symptoms than males (4.2
Mr. P. Browne. asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance if he will give the value of the basic retirement pension in real terms at 31st May, 1962, as compared to the same dates in 1960 and 1961.. The Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance (Mrs. Thatcher). The standard rate of retirement pension at 31st May, 1962, was 57s. 6d.; the equivalent value in real terms at that date of the standard rate payable at 31st May, 1960, was 54s. 5d., and the corresponding figure for 31st May, 1961, was 60s. 9d.. Mr. Browne. I find myself in some difficulty today in framing my supplementary question. Without wishing to comment on the temporary nature of Ministerial appointments, may I ask my hon. Friend if she will be sure to leave a note for the future Minister of Pensions and National Insurance drawing his or her attention to the debate we had last Friday dealing with the plight of pensioners generally? Can my hon. Friend say, if the last Minister of ...
11. Mr. Lawson. asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance if he will estimate the additional number of death grants which would be payable in the year 1964 if the disqualification in the case of the death of women born before 5th July, 1888, were removed.. 13. Mr. Small. asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, if he will estimate how much it would cost in 1964 to pay a death grant of £25 in the case of the death of men born before 5th July, 1883, and of women born before 5th July, 1888.. 14. Mr. Ross. asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance if he will estimate the additional number of death grants which would be payable in the year 1964 if the disqualification in the case of the death of men born before 5th July, 1883, were removed.. Mr. N. Macpherson. About 50,000 additional grants would be paid for men and 120,000 for women at a cost of some £4½ million.. Mr. Lawson. Is the Minister aware that even his Government are not now trying to pretend that ...
Results Of the 17 528 subjects, 18% (n=3076) consumed cod liver oil daily for ≥1 month over the past year. Cod liver oil intake was significantly associated with incident asthma with an OR of 1.62 (95% CI 1.32 to 1.98) after adjustment for age, sex, daily smoking, physical activity, education, socio-economic status, family history of asthma, and body mass index (BMI). The positive association was consistent across age (,40/≥40 years), sex (men/women), family history of asthma (yes/no) and BMI subgroups (,25/≥25 kg/m2).. ...
The first football team in Norway was probably started by a buekorps in Bergen, Nygaards Bataljon, in 1883.[4] In 1885 the first Norwegian club however, Idrætsforeningen Odd, was founded in Skien. The footballing interest was very low, and was put on ice after a few months. However, the club Odd Grenland started up with football again in 1894, and are now Norways oldest football club. The Football Association of Norway (the NFF), was founded in 1902, and quickly established a cup competition. After the NFF joined FIFA in 1908, Norway had its first ever international match, away against Sweden in Gothenburg; despite Norway taking the lead after a mere 45 seconds, Sweden went on to win 11-3. In 1911 Norway hosted its first international in Oslo, again against Sweden; this time Norway lost 4-0. In 1912 the Norway national team attended the Olympic Games, and were knocked out after losing to Denmark and Austria 7-0 and 1-0 respectively. The NFF hosted the FIFA congress in Oslo in 1914, where a ...
Background: Pressure ulcers are preventable adverse events. Organizational differences may influence the quality of prevention across wards and hospitals. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of pressure ulcers, patient-related risk factors, the use of preventive measures and how much of the pressure ulcer variance is at patient, ward and hospital level. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Six of the 11 invited hospitals in South-Eastern Norway agreed to participate. Participants: Inpatients ,= 18 years at 88 somatic hospital wards (N = 1209). Patients in paediatric and maternity wards and day surgery patients were excluded. Methods: The methodology for pressure ulcer prevalence studies developed by the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel was used, including demographic data, the Braden scale, skin assessment, the location and severity of pressure ulcers and preventive measures. Multilevel analysis was used to investigate variance across hierarchical levels. Results: The prevalence ...
In 2004, 48,000 people were exposed to contaminated municipal drinking water in a part of Bergen, Norway. From the Norwegian Prescription Database, it was assumed that , 2500 persons had been affected by a gastrointestinal infection (GI) [1]. The parasite Giardia lamblia was found to be responsible, having entered the water supply through a leak in a sewer pipe [2]. The infection caused diarrhoea, weight loss, and other gastrointestinal complaints [1]. Affected people were treated with antibiotics, but a minority remained ill and severely fatigued. They were referred to the Outpatient Clinic at the Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital from August 2005 to September 2007 with suspicion of post-infectious fatigue syndrome (PIFS) [3].. Fatigue is one of the most debilitating symptoms in PIFS and is required, among other symptoms, to meet the diagnostic criteria for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), two other commonly used labels for this condition. ...
Despite a prospective design linking a community-based health survey with comprehensive information on subsequent hospitalisations and death ensuring complete follow-up of participants, this study is also affected by limitations. First, even though the WI is a validated and frequently used instrument to assess health anxiety, it relies on self-reported symptoms and does not discern between health anxiety due to imagined illness or more legitimate reasons for concern, such as known risk for IHD. We tried to reduce the impact of high levels of health anxiety due to actual illness by excluding participants with prevalent and 12 months incident IHD. As the CVDNOR project spans the years 1994-2009, we could not exclude participants in HUSK diagnosed with IHD earlier than 1994; however, we argue that this represents a minor bias as the prevalence of IHD among persons younger than 40 years of age is very low.26 Further, if the atherosclerotic process precedes health anxiety, our results might be ...
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Finnmark is a county in the extreme northeast of Norway. By land it borders Troms county to the west, Finland (Lapland) to the south and Russia (Murmansk Oblast) to the east, and by water, the Norwegian Sea (Atlantic Ocean) to the northwest, and the Barents Sea (Arctic Ocean) to the north and northeast. The county was formerly known as Finmarkens amt or Vardøhus amt, and since 2002, has had two official names: Finnmark (Norwegian) and Finnmárku (Sami language). It is part of the Sápmi region, which spans four countries, as well as the Barents Region, and is the largest and least populated county of Norway. Situated at the Northernmost part of continental Europe, where Norway swings eastward, Finnmark has always been an area where east meets west, in culture as well as in nature and geography. ...
Norway Deep: Undersea trough in the northeastern North Sea. It extends southward from Ålesund in western Norway, running parallel to the Norwegian coast and curving around the southern tip...
Norway takes its reindeer seriously. Europes last remaining wild mountain reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) live in central and southern Norway. So the countrys veterinarians are naturally worried after finding a reindeer that died of a deadly and contagious brain disease-the reindeer version of mad-cow disease. The reindeers natural habitat has reduced by half in the… via…
Bergen County is in the northeast corner of New Jersey. Settled by the Dutch, Bergen was created in 1683 as one of the four original Counties in New Jersey. Its early borders included what are now Passaic and Hudson counties. In 1675 Bergen was included in a judicial district with Essex, Monmouth, and Middlesex counties. Later in 1683, Bergen was recognized as a county by the Provincial Assembly. In 1710, Hackensack became the county seat. Today, our 239-square-mile parcel of land in the northeast corner of the state has an estimated population of 825,380. Bergen had become a county of 70 municipalities, 56 boroughs, nine townships, three cities and two villages. ...
Common psychiatric and metabolic comorbidity of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A population-based cross-sectional ...
Due to the Gene Technology Act, none GMOs are grown or sold in Norway. In addition, one county in Norway, Oppland, is declared GMO-free. (Updated in Aug 2014: All the information on the Norway page is provided by Network of GMO-free foods and animal feed) Seeds from genetically modified (GM) plants can currently not be accepted for storage in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. According to Norwegian national legislation, the import to and storage of GMO seeds in Norway requires, inter alia, approval in advance from Norwegian authorities and storage in a contained use facility meeting certain standards. ...
A multidisciplinary approach to improve drug therapy in nursing homes Malin Davidsson1, Olaug Elisabeth Vibe2, Sabine Ruths3, Hege Salvesen Blix41Lovisenberg Hospital Pharmacy, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 2Cathinka Guldberg Centre, Lovisenberg, Oslo, Norway; 3Research Unit for General Practice, Uni Health, Bergen, Norway; 4Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, NorwayAbstract: Management of drug therapy in nursing home patients is challenging due to complex health problems, use of multiple medications, and age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. The objective of this study was, first, to examine the effect of systematic medication reviews conducted by multidisciplinary nursing home teams on prescribing quality and, second, to evaluate if drug therapy changes were maintained over time. Patients in a large nursing home in Oslo, Norway, were prospectively followed during a 1.5-year period. Systematic comprehensive medication
On 26 October 2007 the Joint Committee of the European Economic Area, comprising Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, agreed to incorporate the Emissions Trading Directive 2003/87/EC and a number of implementing provisions into the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA). This agreement allows the above three countries to participate in the EU internal market. The decision entered into force 29 December 2007 following parliamentary approval from the EEA states. The Norwegian National Allocation Plan (NAP) sets out the framework for the allocation to installations obliged to surrender emission allowances under the 2008-12 EU emissions trading scheme, which Norway entered as of 1 January 2008. The Norwegian emission trading scheme (ETS) will cover 35 - 40% of the greenhouse gas emissions from Norwegian sources, and hence become a vital part of the Norwegian efforts to ensure compliance with the Kyoto Protocol. The petroleum sector, excluded under Norways previous domestic ETS, will be included ...
Sex and the City () Candice Bergen as Enid Frick. Candice Patricia Bergen (born May 9, ) is an American actress and former fashion kannadalyrics.info won five Primetime Emmy Awards and two Golden Globe Awards for her portrayal of the title character on the CBS sitcom Murphy Brown (-, ). She is also known for her role as Shirley Schmidt on the ABC drama Boston Legal (-). In films, Bergen was nominated for the Academy Award Alma mater: University of Pennsylvania.. Candice bergen frick sex and the city in North Vancouver
Trondheim Tourism: TripAdvisor has 37,846 reviews of Trondheim Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Trondheim resource.
The unit has a strong research tradition in the study of headache, linked to Ottar Sjaastad, a former NTNU professor who was an international pioneer in this field. This effort is now a part of the Norwegian National Headache Centre.. A number of the units doctors are involved in the HUNT 3 research project, which includes several research questions related to neurology, such as headache, muscle or skeletal pain, epilepsy, Parkinsons disease, sleep disturbances, alcohol dependency and memory. Professors Knut Hagen and Lars Jacob Stovner, both with the Norwegian National Headache Centre, have important roles in the HUNT 3 research project. Hagen is the head of the neurology section of HUNT 3 and Stovner is head of the MR HUNT project.. Under the auspices of Professor and Chief Physician Jan Aasly, the unit has undertaken extensive research over a number of years on Parkinsons disease and dementia. This research, which addresses both clinical and genetic issues, has taken place in close ...
The primary objective of this study is to assess the local safety of azithromycin dermal formulation when applied to healthy skin in healthy volunteers. This will be done by determination (in cohort 1) and confirmation (in cohort 2) of the maximal tolerated dose (MTD) after dermal application of SHB001 in 4 different dose regimens ...
Comparison of phenoxymethylpenicillin, doxycycline and amoxicillin for Erythema migrans in Norwegian general practice. Every patient receives 14 days of antibiotic treatment. There are blood samples for measurement of Borrelia antibody level at day 1, 14 and 90 and questionnaires on subjective health complaints (SHC) at day 1, 90 and 360. Side symptoms and side effects are registered. For volunteers there is an additional PCR-analysis on punch biopsy from the EM for subgrouping of the Borrelia bacteria. TBE-antibodies are measured on day 14. Antibody levels and SHC-scores are compared to healthy blood donors ...
In-depth country review. The 2017 and 2011 IEA review of Norways energy policies is available for free download.. As one of the worlds largest energy exporters, Norway advances the energy security of consuming countries. And at the same time, as a global advocate for climate change mitigation, Norway is committed to environmental sustainability and climate policy.. The latest review of Norways energy policies by the International Energy Agency finds that the country continues to manage its significant hydrocarbon resources and revenues in a sustainable way, and remains a reliable supplier of oil and gas. But as the world looks to cut its reliance on fossil fuels, Norways government should also consider measures to prepare for a future with lower oil and gas revenues.. Norways large hydropower generation is another valuable energy asset particularly at a time when European electricity markets are integrating and variable renewable energy generation is growing. More cross-border connections ...
Aker Clean Hydrogen and the municipality of Aukra are exploring opportunities to establish a hydrogen production facility on the island in western Norway. The Aukra hydrogen hub will split the natural gas
Trondheim [http://www.trondheim.com/] is an old city in central Norway. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology; its more than 25,000 students are a lot in a city with merely 160,000 inhabitants in total, and this contributes greatly to the citys economy.
Trondheim [http://www.trondheim.com/] is an old city in central Norway. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology; its more than 25,000 students are a lot in a city with merely 160,000 inhabitants in total, and this contributes greatly to the citys economy.
Its production in Norway, though, has become too expensive for REC and the company halted production and laid off another 200 workers at its Glomfjord facility this week. RECs solar cell plant in Narvik is already closed and parts of its wafer production at Herøya also have been shut down. All told, around 700 of RECs 1,300 employees in Norway are now idle.. The problem for REC is the Norwegian operation, claimed Hagen, who otherwise thinks prospects for RECs solar energy business remain bright. Industrial production is difficult in Norway, with high costs and salaries to produce things and export them out of the country.. RECs chief executive, Ole Enger, announced NOK 6.4 billion in write-offs and a corresponding loss for the second quarter, most of it tied to the companys Norwegian operations. He made it clear REC wont continue Norwegian production at any price.. Some foreign investors have been skeptical over whether REC will be willing to take the action necessary in Norway, ...
Pre-eclampsia is one of the major causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, affecting 2-8% of pregnancies.1 ,2 The aetiology of pre-eclampsia is largely unknown, but increasing evidence suggests an excessive maternal systematic inflammatory response to pregnancy.3-7 Pre-eclamptic pregnancies are characterised by endothelial dysfunction, disturbed placentation, oxidative stress and an exaggerated inflammatory response to pregnancy.8 Known risk factors include first pregnancy, obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors.2 ,9. The maternal diet is one of many factors suggested to play a role in the aetiology of pre-eclampsia.10 ,11 In a previous study in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), we found that high scores on a healthy diet characterised by high intake of vegetables, fruits and vegetable oils was associated with reduced risk of pre-eclampsia in nulliparous women.12 Dietary components and qualities associated with pre-eclampsia risk in ...
The EFTA Surveillance Authority (the Authority) requires Norway to stop the production of animal feed with fish meal on the same production lines as feed without fish meal. The Authority also rejects the Norwegian application for revision of the monitoring programme for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE - mad cow disease).. As part of the process to eradicate inter alia BSE and scrapie, the use of animal proteins in feed for ruminants is prohibited. Since 2005, this feed ban also comprises fish meal. Norway initially opposed the introduction of these rules, however, after receiving a reasoned opinion on this matter from the Authority, Norway implemented the rules in 2010.. However, inspections carried out by the Authority have on several occasions shown that Norway still does not fully comply with the total feed ban, as Norway allows production of ruminant feed in facilities not physically separate from facilities producing feed containing fish meal for non-ruminant species (e.g. swine ...
Crucially, researchers have also found that this activity needs to be taken in peoples leisure time if they are to feel the benefits. The study showed that people who exert themselves at work, by doing lots of walking or lifting, are no less likely to be depressed than people with sedentary jobs.. Researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London teamed up with academics from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the University of Bergen in Norway to conduct the study. They asked 40,401 Norwegian residents how often they engaged in both light and intense physical activity during their leisure time. Light activity was defined as an activity that did not lead to being sweaty or out-of-breath, while intense activity did result in sweating or breathlessness. The residents were also asked how physically active they were at work, underwent a physical examination and answered questions regarding symptoms of depression and anxiety.. The team found an inverse relationship ...
Flights to Stavanger (SVG), Norway. Find offers and deals on flights to Stavanger with Lufthansa. Book your flight at a competitive price to Stavanger SVG today
This report describes the activities and achievements in 2011 of the Indo- Norwegian pilot project on capacity building in biodiversity informatics for enhanced decision making, improved conservation and sustainable development in India. The pilot project is initiated and funded by the Norwegian Ministry for Foreign affairs, the Norwegian Environmental Ministry and the Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management. The pilot project is also highly welcomed and explicitly supported by the Government of India. Capacity building has been identified as an essential component of IPBES. The Norwegian Government acknowledges the need for capacity building and has developed and initiated several projects addressing capacity building needs in partner countries. The Norwegian Institute for Nature research (NINA) were during the spring 2011 invited by the Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management to initiate and coordinate a pilot project on ca-pacity building under IPBES. India was early identified as an ...
NORTH BERGEN BRIEFS - Pizza restaurant worker missing from Hoboken North Bergen Police are searching for missing person Marco Bruno Garcia 34 from North Bergen. A missing poster is hanging in Marios Pizza on Eighth Street in Hoboken where Garcia ...
EpiReg is a research- and quality registry and biobank for patients treated at Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital. The aim of EpiReg is to use the collected information to increase quality and excellence in epilepsy treatment. We also use the information for research EpiReg is initated and maintained by Bergen Epilepsy Research Group (BERG). EpiReg was established in 2019 with funding from Helse Vest, later also from Helse Bergen. The regional ethical committee has approved it (REK 2018/586). The database is integrated with the hospital record system of the hospital so that all registered information is also visible in the patients individual hospital record. EpiReg was established in cooperation with Norsk Epilepsiforbund, the national patient organization, and it has continuous user support. EpiReg interacts with the national EpilepsiNett project supported by the Research Council of Norway. EpiReg collects both patient-reported data and medical information. The aim is to ...
Norwegian art and other forms of cultural expression have won international recognition and a number of Norwegian artists, writers and musicians rank among the best in the world. Norwegian architecture, design, music, literature and films are finding their way to other countries, and are raising Norways profile abroad.. The Government aims to provide a good framework for ensuring quality, breadth and diversity in the cultural sector. Internationalisation of Norwegian arts and culture has increased awareness of, and interest in, Norway as a nation of cultural innovation and knowledge. Through various support schemes and different forms of project cooperation, the Norwegian Government helps Norwegian artists and cultural professionals to participate on the international stage, thus enabling them to bring new ideas and inspiration back to Norway.. ...
Norwegian casinos, cruise ships, horsetracks and dogtracks - the complete gambling landscape of Norway. Includes Norway casino details, gambling news and tweets in Norway, area maps, Norwegian entertainment, coupons offers...
This web page is about what is kale, nutrition and diet data (particularly regarding lutein, zeaxanthin, AMD), resources for kale recipes, and Kale Tea.. Create balanced meals by together with as many of these meals teams as doable at each meal. For instance, in case your baby likes toast for breakfast, add a piece of fruit and a source of protein, like eggs, to make the meal complete. Low concentrations of vitamin B-6, vitamin C, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and vitamin E adjusted for lipids are prevalent in morbidly obese Norwegian patients looking for weight-loss treatment. Boston Pizza Worldwide Inc. publishes up to date variations of the Nutrition Evaluation information periodically.. This build up of glucose, if left unchecked, can lead to very critical health problems. Diabetes is a serious dysfunction and if not managed properly it will probably lead to situations akin to heart disease, blindness, kidney and nerve damage. On the similar time, uneven financial growth, social and economic ...
In July 2001, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Folkehelseinstituttet, FHI) reported a cluster of Salmonella Enteritidis of phage type 14b infections in Norwegian travellers returning from Greece. An increase in the same uncommon phage type was also registered in Sweden and Finland at the same time. Cases of S. Enteritidis PT 14b in patients returning from Greece were reported in these three Nordic countries in 2001 (303 cases), 2002 (164 cases) and 2003 (199 cases). Case-control studies performed in 2001 in Norway and Sweden indicated that consumption of chicken was associated with illness. In 2002 and 2003, continuing case reports indicated that this uncommon phage type had probably become established in the Greek food chain. Tour operators were informed and contacts were made with Greek public health authorities. Because place of infection is not systematically included in most Salmonella notification systems, the S. Enteritidis phage type 14b outbreak reported here may represent only part of
He has also served as a visiting professor at Ansgar Teologiske Høgskole in Norway. On July 11, 2013, The King's College named ... ". "Ansgar Høgskole". Norway. Archived from the original on 2009-08-24. Retrieved 2020-01-03. ONeill, Tyler (11 July 2013). " ...
Sæverås, Nils Olav (30 August 2013). "Heavy metal-humorist". Bergensavisen (in Norwegian). Norway. Retrieved 11 February 2016. ...
Norway (Church of Norway), Vatican City (Roman Catholic Church), Switzerland (Roman Catholic Church, Swiss Reformed Church and ... "Norway". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. "Vatican". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 33.39% of ~ ...
"Norway". International Lutheran Council. Retrieved March 5, 2018. "Om oss". Den Lutherske Kirke i Norge. Retrieved March 5, ... "Norway". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved February 2, 2018. "Papua New Guinea". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved ... "Lutheran Confessional Church-Norway". Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference. Retrieved March 6, 2018. "Evangelical ...
Norway In 2019". Clean Technica. Retrieved 16 May 2020. In Norway and the Netherlands, the Model 3 was the #1 best selling ... Norway will reach climate target in 2020". The Driven. Retrieved 3 July 2020. The share of electric cars on Norway's roads ... Norway ended 2018 with plug-in market share of 49.1%, meaning that every second new passenger car sold in the country in 2018 ... In December 2016, Norway became the first country where 5% of all registered passenger cars was a plug-in electric. When new ...
"Norway". Retrieved 29 March 2020. "South Africa". Retrieved 30 March 2020. "Ecuador Oceans". Retrieved 10 April 2020. "Borneo ...
Norway and Russia won 4 gold medals each. Norway won the overall medal tally. February 14 - 21: 2016 Winter Youth Olympics in ... Norway (Ole Einar Bjørndalen, Tarjei Bø, Johannes Thingnes Bø, Emil Hegle Svendsen) Women's 4x6 km Relay winner: Norway ( ... Norway (Fanny Horn Birkeland, Tiril Eckhoff, Johannes Thingnes Bø, Tarjei Bø) Mixed Single Team Relay winners: Norway (Kaia ... Norway (Sjur Røthe, Martin Johnsrud Sundby, Mathias Rundgreen, Finn Hågen Krogh) Women's 4x5 km Team Relay winners: Norway ( ...
Norway. The Unified Sacred Fate of History (paper presentation). Switzerland 2. (2003). Basis of Peace: Truth, Justice, Love, ...
"Rolf Greger STRØM - Olympic Luge , Norway". International Olympic Committee. 2016-06-15. Retrieved 2016-06-15. "Rolf Greger ...
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources; Norway. Direktoratet for utviklingshjelp (1989). The IUCN ...
Norway. Retrieved 16 December 2010. "Archive Chart - 3 May 1975". Official Charts Company. United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 ...
During his speech at the conference, Prime Minister of Norway Jens Stoltenberg offered a 40% cut in emissions below 1990 levels ... Australia; Belarus; Canada; EU; Iceland; Japan; New Zealand; Norway; Russia; Switzerland; Ukraine, Joint submission: ... "Norway at the Copenhagen Summit". Retrieved 8 January 2010. Charles Digges (20 November 2009), Russian announces higher ...
Norway; Poland; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Singapore; Sweden; Switzerland; UAE; UK; USA. Rheinmetall has ... and Rheinmetall AG took over Norway's Simrad Optronics ASA. During 2011 Rheinmetall increased its stake in ADS Gesellschaft für ...
"Hjalmar ANDERSEN - Olympic Speed skating , Norway". International Olympic Committee. 19 January 2017. Archived from the ...
Norway. It preserves microfossils of Neoproterozoic age. Earth sciences portal Norway portal Paleontology portal List of ... fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Norway Vidal, G.; Moczydłowska, M. (1995). "The Neoproterozoic of Baltica stratigraphy, ...
"Norway". IRB. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011. "Pakistan". IRB. Archived from the ...
It is located on the Skaggerak coast in Southern Norway along the Groosefjorden, between the towns of Arendal (to the northeast ... Grimstad (listen (help·info)) is a town in Grimstad municipality in Agder county, Norway. The town is also the administrative ... Eight years after he was deposed, King Christian II of Denmark-Norway (1513-1523) attempted to recover his kingdoms. A tempest ... 1996). Norway. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0395819121. Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2017-11-02). "Grimstad". Store norske leksikon (in ...
Central Norway Regional Health Authority, Western Norway Regional Health Authority, and South-eastern Norway Regional Health ... In Norway, all public hospitals are funded from the national budget and run by four Regional Health Authorities (RHA) owned by ... "South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority info". Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012. "The ... "Norway's Regional Health Authorities info". Archived from the original on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012. " ...
The chassis sold to Norway became Norway's first ever tank, after an improvised turret and makeshift armour had been added. In ... The noun "Norgestanken" (English: the Norway thought) was an old nationalistic term for the idea of an independent Norway. ... On 9 April 1940, when the Germans invaded Norway, the tank and the three armoured cars were stored in the depot of Dragoon ... Concurrently with the Swedish order Landsverk also received an order from Norway for a tank chassis, delivery was set in March ...
Norway, Scotland, U.S.A. & Wales. All the hits of the 80s on one great cassette!" I.S.C. 2 (on front) International Sound ... Norway; Scotland; USA; Wales International Sound Communication Compilation Volume Number Eight 1 January 1986 60 minutes ...
The monarchs of the kingdom of Norway by virtue of descent from Harald I Fairhair, who united the realm in 872. Harald as a ... "Europe :: Norway". CIA The World Factbook. Retrieved 2016-07-11. "Asia:: Oman". CIA The World Factbook. Retrieved 2016-07-11. " ... Far from all monarchs of Norway since the 930s have been descendants of Harald Fairhair: at least seven or eight Norwegian ... the Kingdom of Norway; the Kingdom of Spain; and the Kingdom of Sweden are fully democratic states in which the monarch has a ...
Enslaved, from Norway, followed up on this burgeoning Viking trend with Hordanes Land (1993) and Vikingligr Veldi (1994). ... ISBN 978-0-8118-5353-8. Sjåvik, Jan (2010). The A to Z of Norway. Lanham and Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-1-4616-7206-7 ... Many Viking metal bands identify first with local roots - for instance, Moonsorrow with Finland or Einherjer with Norway - with ... Cultural historian Nina Witoszec found that within Norway, images of nature are often symbolic with cultural affiliation to ...
Norway". International Olympic Committee. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2019. Cook, Theodore Andrea (1908). The Fourth ...
Norway [Buskerud County, Norway] Signe Marie Stray Ryssdal: First female councilor in Oslo [Oslo County, Norway] Helena ... First female judge in Norway (1913) Lilly Bǿlviken (1942): First female appointed as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway ( ... Kagda, Sakina; Cooke, Barbara (2006). Norway. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761420675. Kimble, Sara L.; Röwekamp, Marion (2016 ... First female in Norway to earn a law degree, but did not practice as an attorney Elise Sem (1904): First female lawyer in ...
... is a village in the municipality of Fauske in Nordland county, Norway. Venset lies on the north shore of Skjerstad Fjord ... Norway. Geneva: Nagel. 1956. p. 146. Johansen, Øyvind (September 17, 2015). "Politiet: Han fikk skrens og trillet rundt". Avisa ...
Norway. 95 (6): 642-4. doi:10.1080/08035250600719739. ISSN 0803-5253. PMID 16754542. Fitch, C D (May 1988). "In memoriam: ...
Sörensen, Sigvart (1899). Norway. P.F. Collier & Son. Stagg, Frank Noel (1953). The Heart of Norway. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd ... He moved to Trondheim, Norway in 1571, and served there as the Lord of Trøndelag, Jemtland and Herjedalen until 1577. Then he ... During King Christian's tour of Norway in 1596, this and other abuses were reported to the king, who dismissed Munk from office ... relocated to Akershus Fortress in Oslo and served as the Danish-Norwegian Governor-general of Norway from 1577 to 1583. After ...
Norway. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "You're ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Peak chart positions for singles as featured artist in Norway: "Do They Know It's ...
Her summer tour in support of the album, which would run from May 4 until July 29, 2018 in the United States, Norway and ... Norway. December 10, 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2018. "The 25 Best Albums of 2018". Highsnobiety. December 10, 2018. ... "GAFFA-Prisen 2018". GAFFA (in Norwegian). Norway. December 26, 2018. Archived from the original on December 26, 2018. Retrieved ... "Norwegian album certifications - Cardi B - Invasion of Privacy" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Retrieved December 14, 2018. " ...
In Röyksopp's native Norway, Do It Again debuted at number three on the Norwegian Albums Chart, becoming the duo's first record ... She decided to travel to Bergen, Norway, where she started working on new music with Röyksopp in the beginning of 2013 "with no ... Röyksopp and Robyn wrote the title track after an "epic" night out in Bergen, Norway, resulting in what the trio calls an " ... Norway. Retrieved 21 May 2014. "Do It Again: Röyksopp & Robyn: MP3 Downloads". Amazon. United Kingdom. Archived from the ...
OECD Reviews of Migrant Education - Norway Strong economic performance has attracted immigrants to Norway in recent years. Most ... OECD Reviews of Migrant Education - Norway Strong economic performance has attracted immigrants to Norway in recent years. Most ... OECD Thematic Review on Migrant Education - Country Background Report for Norway The focus of this report is on migrant ... Interview with Norway regarding their participation in the general skills strand of the AHELO Feasibility Study. ...
Investing in Youth: Norway The present report on Norway is part of the series on Investing in Youth which builds on the ... Addressing the challenges in higher education in Norway Norways predominately public and tuition-fee free tertiary education ... Ageing and Employment Policies: Norway 2013 - Working Better with Age This report provides an overview of the substantial ... Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010 - Norway Country Note. This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy ...
Norways population has a high level of access and use of technology and the internet. A large majority of the population use ... Of significant importance is the collaboration that NMA/the Safer Awareness Centre Norway (Trygg bruk) has with the Norwegian ...
But as the world looks to cut its reliance on fossil fuels, Norways government should also consider measures to prepare for a ... Norways large hydropower generation is another valuable energy asset particularly at a time when European electricity markets ... Norway contributes to global energy security, while seeking to decarbonise its energy supply 30 May 2017 ... In order to meet its ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this review finds that Norway needs to step up ...
If you decide to travel to Norway:. *Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive Alerts and make it ... Review the Crime and Safety Report for Norway.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ...
Southern Norway is the "youngest" of the many old regions within Norway; it was established shortly after the region of ... Prior to this, the area was considered part of Western Norway.[1] Southern Norway coincides roughly with the historic petty ... Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. ... Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.today ...
Culture of Norway. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g "Norway cultural profile". Embassy of Norway in the United Kingdom and ... As dialects in Norway vary extensively, the music is distinct to regions and areas throughout Norway. Hellbillies is one of ... Norway is famous for black metal. Though not initially created in Norway, Norwegian bands and musicians have helped to develop ... Norway Cultural Profile - national cultural portal for Norway in English. *NRK Folkemusikk - live feed from 24-hour folk music ...
Norway. Mailing address: PO Box 4075 AMB, 0244 Oslo, Norway. Telephone: +(47) 2130-8540. Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(47 ... Unlike Norways mainland, Svalbard is not party to the Schengen Agreement and air travelers to Svalbard from Norway will depart ... Norway is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter Norway for up to 90 days for tourist or ... The remote and sparse populations in northern Norway and the dependence on ferries to cross fjords of western Norway may affect ...
Norway House serves as is a convener, connector and facilitator of Norwegian-American business, educational, social and ... Norway House serves as is a convener, connector and facilitator of Norwegian-American business, educational, social and ... Norway House serves as is a convener, connector and facilitator of Norwegian-American business, educational, social and ... Serves as a bridge between Americans and contemporary Norway.. *Seeks partnerships with other Norwegian-American organizations. ...
... meaning Norway lobster.. The Norway lobster has five pairs of articulated limbs, the foremost pair being long, slender claws ... The following brief descriptions of appearance, odour and taste give a rough measure of the freshness of Norway lobsters:. ... The Norway lobster lives on a muddy sea bottom and occurs around most of the British coast, mainly in depths from 10 fathoms ... Whole Norway lobsters or unshelled tails should be boiled in water containing about 5 per cent salt, that is about 8 oz of salt ...
... 1912 Fencing * (27.00) Lars Aas (NOR/FEN/1912) * (27.00) Severin Finne (NOR/FEN/1912) * (27.00) Georges ...
... skrev en rekke nyhetsartikler om skolen DRH-Norway One World Institute (DRH) på Hornsjø Høyfjellshotell etter … ... DRH-Norway * 1. Now I Enroll Myself En presentasjon av Hornsjø-saken. ... Juryen sier følgendene: «Drapet på rektoren ved skolen DRH-Norway One World Institute skulle bli starten på en artikkelserie ... 2. Klare konsekvenser • Etter pålegg fra Arbeidstilsynet fikk elevene på DRH-Norway One World Institute i januar 2013 ...
Norway shares a 2,542 km land border with Sweden, Finland, and Russia to the east. To the west and south, Norway is bordered by ... The Barents Sea washes on Norways northern coasts. ... Norway comprises the western part of Scandinavia in Northern ... Norway shares a 2,542 km land border with Sweden, Finland, and Russia to the east. To the west and south, Norway is bordered by ... The Barents Sea washes on Norways northern coasts. At 385,252 km² (including Jan Mayen, Svalbard), Norway is slightly larger ...
... * 1.  You are an exploration team in charge of a new petroleum province.  Multidisciplinary ... just like in Norway in real life, the responsibility of a company to commit to a well drilling programme, to ensure that the ...
Norway. Parkveien 55. 0256 Oslo. Phone: +47 3 9864 8222. E-mail: [email protected] ...
... Special Olympics is a global organization that serves athletes with intellectual disabilities working with hundreds of ...
NORWAY After five years of heady growth, the Norwegian economy is coming back to earth. GDP growth, which has averaged nearly 4 ... The OECD is urging Norway to reform its generous welfare system and to deregulate its markets in order to make the economy more ... The slowdown is mostly due to the collapse in the price of oil, Norways main export. High interest rates, raised last summer ...
Now Norway is paying the price. Mr Bondeviks team ignored the countrys central bank, which had pleaded with it to tighten ... In Norway, parliaments cannot be dissolved between general elections, which can be held only every four years. So Mr Bondevik ... WILL Norways government fall, along with its dipping currency? The coalition government which took office last October was ...
Boost your chances of experiencing the northern lights phenomenon! Visit Norway, the official travel guide to Norway, gives you ... Boost your chances of experiencing the northern lights phenomenon! Visit Norway, the official travel guide to Norway, gives you ... in Norway or not Facts about the northern lights phenomenon Map which locate your position relative to the cities in Norway ... in Norway or not Facts about the northern lights phenomenon Map which locate your position relative to the cities in Norway ...
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The goal is that such analysis should proactively add value to the organization, which Hi3G has made possible at the SAS Data Discovery Scientist program.
The international access code for Norway is +47. Local operators provide GSM 900 mobile phone networks and cover most of the ...
After getting a detailed report from one of the moms awhile back, we recently checked in with the Norway-based filmmaker to see ... Norwegian filmmaker Mona Friis Bertheussen talks about her journey from Norway to Sacramento in making the film Twin Sisters, ...
Retrieved from "https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Norway_Place_Names&oldid=2885962" ...
Nazi Germany invades neutral Norway, surprising the Norwegian and British defenders of the country and capturing several ... seizing Norways nerve centers, spreading false rumors, and occupying military bases and other locations. In June, Norway fell ... During World War II, Nazi Germany invades neutral Norway, surprising the Norwegian and British defenders of the country and ...
Projects highlighted by our staff, and whats popular right now. Start exploring! Passion, ideas, and ambition abound on Kickstarter.
... Brilliant green swirls of phytoplankton colored the water of the Barents Sea north of Norway ... Phytoplankton form brilliant swirls of green in the Barents Sea north of Norway. Phytoplankton are microscopic marine organisms ...
Norway has for years been at or near the top of all democracy and free speech rankings. In 2020, Norways parliamentarians ... Norway has for years been at or near the top of all democracy and free speech rankings. In 2020, Norways parliamentarians ... pandemics impact in hospitals resulted in a very low level of photographic documentation of the biggest crisis to hit Norway ...
In the beginning of the 14th century, Norway and Sweden were unified as the Norwegian king was also elected king of Sweden. At ... The petty viking kingdoms of Norway were unified in 872 AD by Harald Hairfair. In the following period, Norwegians settled in ... Middle Norway with the ancient city of Trondheim Northern Norway also with great fjords, the midnight sun, the ancient Sami ... Norway is an expensive country. While it is possible to travel in Norway on a limited budget, some care must be taken. Because ...

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