Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced: A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications: Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Fetal Growth Retardation: The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.Abruptio Placentae: Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Uterine Artery: A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Civil Disorders: Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Eclampsia: Onset of HYPERREFLEXIA; SEIZURES; or COMA in a previously diagnosed pre-eclamptic patient (PRE-ECLAMPSIA).Pregnancy, Twin: The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Placental Circulation: The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.Trophoblasts: Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Pregnancy, Multiple: The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Obstetric Labor Complications: Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.Stillbirth: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Infant, Small for Gestational Age: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Pregnancy Proteins: Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Pregnancy Rate: The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Antibodies, Antiphospholipid: Autoantibodies directed against phospholipids. These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; related autoimmune diseases, some non-autoimmune diseases, and also in healthy individuals.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Placental Insufficiency: Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.Placentation: The development of the PLACENTA, a highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and FETUS. The process begins at FERTILIZATION, through the development of CYTOTROPHOBLASTS and SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS, the formation of CHORIONIC VILLI, to the progressive increase in BLOOD VESSELS to support the growing fetus.Multiple Birth Offspring: The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.Pregnancy Tests: Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Pregnancy in Diabetics: The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.Pregnancy, Tubal: The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.Antiphospholipid Syndrome: The presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids (ANTIBODIES, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID). The condition is associated with a variety of diseases, notably systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, thrombopenia, and arterial or venous thromboses. In pregnancy it can cause abortion. Of the phospholipids, the cardiolipins show markedly elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ANTIBODIES, ANTICARDIOLIPIN). Present also are high levels of lupus anticoagulant (LUPUS COAGULATION INHIBITOR).Reproductive Techniques, Assisted: Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture: Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Decidua: The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Thrombophilia: A disorder of HEMOSTASIS in which there is a tendency for the occurrence of THROMBOSIS.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Homocysteine: A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.NorwayIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.United StatesPregnancy, Prolonged: A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Pregnancy, Abdominal: A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.Embryo Implantation: Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.Pregnancy Maintenance: Physiological mechanisms that sustain the state of PREGNANCY.Embryo Transfer: The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal: Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Fetal Diseases: Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Infertility: Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.Insemination, Artificial: Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic: An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human: The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.Live Birth: The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Myometrium: The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Pregnancy Tests, Immunologic: Methods of detecting pregnancy by examining the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in plasma or urine.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Hydatidiform Mole: Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Triplets: Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Postoperative Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Iatrogenic Disease: Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.HELLP Syndrome: A syndrome of HEMOLYSIS, elevated liver ENZYMES, and low blood platelets count (THROMBOCYTOPENIA). HELLP syndrome is observed in pregnant women with PRE-ECLAMPSIA or ECLAMPSIA who also exhibit LIVER damage and abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Anticoagulants: Agents that prevent clotting.Oocyte Donation: Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1: A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Diabetic Angiopathies: VASCULAR DISEASES that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Reproductive Techniques: Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Fetal Resorption: The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Fetal Macrosomia: A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.Chorionic Villi: The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Intractable VOMITING that develops in early PREGNANCY and persists. This can lead to DEHYDRATION and WEIGHT LOSS.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Fetal Weight: The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Amniocentesis: Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.

*Twin

... potentially leading to pregnancy complications. It is a common misconception that two placentas means twins are dizygotic. But ... Sometimes the parasitic twin becomes an almost indistinguishable part of the other, and sometimes this needs to be treated ... The reasons for this phenomenon are still in question; however, cryptophasia was thought to be the major cause. Idioglossia is ... Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 ...

*Epileptic seizure

Pregnancy and labor and childbirth, and the post-partum, or post-natal period (after birth) can be at-risk times, especially if ... parasitic infections such as cerebral malaria infection, such as encephalitis or meningitis Stress can induce seizures in ... In a complex partial seizure a person may appear confused or dazed and can not respond to questions or direction. Focal seizure ... though epilepsy is a common later complication); cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, a rare type of stroke, is more likely to be ...

*Placenta

This may contribute to pre-eclampsia and other pregnancy complications. It is proposed that melatonin plays a role as an ... This is the same mechanism used by parasitic nematodes to avoid detection by the immune system of their host. There is presence ... more questions than answers". Journal of ReproductiveImmunology. 104-105: 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.jri.2014.03.006. ISSN 0165-0378 ... hCG is the indicator of pregnancy that pregnancy tests look for. These tests will work when menses has not occurred or after ...

*Teratoma

As such, this interpretation assumes a special complication of twinning, one of several grouped under the term parasitic twin. ... Some teratomas secrete the "pregnancy hormone" human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG), which can be used in clinical practice to ... Raja, Shahzad G. (2007). Access to Surgery: 500 single best answer questions in general and systematic pathology. PasTest Ltd. ... Complications may include ovarian torsion, testicular torsion, or hydrops fetalis. They are a type of germ cell tumor (a tumor ...

*Iron deficiency

... complications during pregnancy, and delayed growth in infants and children. Symptoms of iron deficiency can occur even before ... American Association of Blood Banks (24 April 2014), "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question", Choosing Wisely: an ... parasitic infection Though genetic defects causing iron deficiency have been studied in rodents, there are no known genetic ...

*Sexually transmitted infection

Parasitic STIs include trichomoniasis among others. While usually spread by sex, some STIs can be spread by non-sexual contact ... It can cause a woman to have a potentially deadly ectopic pregnancy, in which the egg implants outside of the uterus. However, ... Quilliam, Susan (2011). "'The Cringe Report': Why patients don't dare ask questions, and what we can do about that". Journal of ... Untreated, it can lead to complications and death. Clinical manifestations of syphilis include the ulceration of the uro- ...

*Hysterectomy

A rare complication, it can dehisce and allow the eviseration of the small bowel into the vagina. Depending on the indication ... Parker, William H. and Parker, Rachel L. (2002) "A Gynecologist's Second Opinion: The Questions & Answers You Need to Take ... There is possibly another case of ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy that took place in 2016, although no additional ... Cucinella G, Granese R, Calagna G, Somigliana E, Perino A (2011). "Parasitic myomas after laparoscopic surgery: An emerging ...

*BCG vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions about BCG Professor P D O Davies, Tuberculosis Research Unit, Cardiothoracic Centre, Liverpool, UK. ... It is not safe for use during pregnancy. The vaccine was originally developed from Mycobacterium bovis which is commonly found ... The insertion of deltoid is most frequently used because the local complication rate is smallest when that site is used. ... Interference by concurrent parasitic infection: In another hypothesis, simultaneous infection with parasites changes the immune ...

*List of cutaneous conditions

... early-onset prurigo of pregnancy, linear IgM dermatosis of pregnancy, papular dermatitis of pregnancy, prurigo of pregnancy, ... Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites in humans are caused by several groups of organisms belonging to the following phyla ... An Evidence-Based Update to Important Clinical Questions". Am J Clin Dermatol. 11 (3): 171-81. doi:10.2165/11530080-000000000- ... Addison's disease Adrenal adenoma Adrenal carcinoma Adrenal hyperplasia Alopecia-nail dystrophy-ophthalmic complications- ...

*Cancer

In some cases, some or all treatments are postponed until after birth if the cancer is diagnosed late in the pregnancy. Early ... Parasitic infections associated with cancer include Schistosoma haematobium (squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder) and the ... "Metastatic Cancer: Questions and Answers". National Cancer Institute. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved ... People with lower quality of life may be affected by depression and other complications and/or disease progression that both ...

*Acne

Their use during pregnancy has been associated with development of acute fatty liver of pregnancy and is further avoided for ... Infection with the parasitic mite Demodex is associated with the development of acne. It is unclear whether eradication of the ... "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, ... Rare complications from acne or its treatment include the formation of pyogenic granulomas, osteoma cutis, and solid facial ...

*Nutrition

The European Food Safety Authority also reviews the same safety questions and set its own ULs. When too much of one or more ... Also in 1922, H.M. Evans and L.S. Bishop discover vitamin E as essential for rat pregnancy, originally calling it "food factor ... and parasitic infections that attack organs." Developed countries "tended to have cancers linked to affluence or a 'Western ... of nutritionally inferior foods has been increasing throughout the world along with many nutrition-related health complications ...

*Effects of global warming on human health

The upper limit for heat stress humans can adapt to is called into question with a 7 °C temperature rise, quantified by the wet ... Holstius, D.M.; Reid, C. E.; Jesdale, B. M.; Morello-Frosch, R. (September 2012). "Birth Weight following Pregnancy during the ... Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease that infects humans and other animals caused by microorganisms in the Plasmodium ... problem because people in these communities have never been exposed to this disease causing an increased risk for complications ...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare epidemiological and obstetric characteristics, etiology and next pregnancy outcomes of women with primary vs. secondary recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study, including 420 patients with two or more consecutive pregnancy losses followed by a subsequent (index) pregnancy, of whom 162 were primary RPL women and 258 were secondary RPL women. All patients were evaluated and treated in the RPL clinic at the Soroka University Medical Center. RESULTS: Live birth rate in the index pregnancy was not statistically different between primary and secondary RPL women (75.9 and 70.9%, respectively). The only significant difference in the etiology evaluation was in abnormal prolactin levels (14.1% of the primary and 1.4% of the secondary RPL group). Women with primary RPL had, at the index pregnancy, significantly higher rates of preterm delivery, fetal growth ...
Introduction A number of studies have demonstrated significant associations between changes in obesity-related phenotypes and subsequent risk of CHD. While accumulating evidence suggests that maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (mppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) may impact adult offspring adiposity, no study has examined their associations with longitudinal changes in obesity. Changes in obesity are likely to reflect genetic-environmental interactions and may have important implications for understanding CHD risk.. Objectives We examined the associations of mppBMI and GWG with longitudinal change in offsprings BMI and assessed whether these associations are explained in part by genetic effects.. Methods We used a birth cohort of 1400 young adults born in Jerusalem, with extensive archival data as well as clinical information at age 32, and longitudinal change in BMI based on two examinations at ages 17 and 32. Genotyping of mothers and offspring was carried out for 180 candidate ...
HealthyPregnancyDietPlan.com pregnancy diet plan, pregnancy week by week, pregnancy, pregnancy symptoms,signs of pregnancy, pregnancy calendar, early signs of pregnancy, symptoms of pregnancy, early pregnancy symptoms, pregnancy signs, teenage pregnancy, week by week pregnancy, online pregnancy test, pregnancy stages, pregnancy diet. You are here: Home / Pregnancy Diet / Pregnancy Diet Books. Program Your Babys Health: The Pregnancy Diet for Your Childs Lifelong Well-Being. November 29, 2010 by admin Filed under Pregnancy Diet Books. The most important period of your childs health is the nine months before birth.. Cutting edge research in a new field known as "metabolic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Plasma levels of the immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin-10 during normal human pregnancy: a longitudinal study. AU - Holmes, VA. AU - Wallace, Julie. AU - Gilmore, WS. AU - McFaul, P. AU - Alexander, HD. PY - 2003/3. Y1 - 2003/3. N2 - Pregnancy is proposed to be a Th2 phenomenon, where Th2 cytokines inhibit Th1 responses to improve foetal Survival. The importance of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an immunomodulatory cytokine produced by Th2 cells, in the maintenance of normal pregnancy is becoming increasingly apparent. In a longitudinal case-control study, the physiological effect of pregnancy on plasma IL-10 was investigated. The plasma concentration of IL-10 was determined using an ELISA technique in 99 pregnant women sampled at 12. 20 and 35 weeks of gestation, 38 non-pregnant control subjects sampled in parallel and in a subgroup of women sampled at 3 days post-partum (it. pregnant 21, non-pregnant 21). Plasma IL-10 was ...
If a woman suffers from autoimmune disease (AD), several factors can affect pregnancy or neonatal outcome: repeated spontaneous pregnancy losses (frequently related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)), neonatal lupus with complete congenital heart block (CHB) (linked to transplacental passage of IgG anti Ro/SS-A antibodies) and the disease activity itself that can affect the mother, the pregnancy and fetal outcome. If appropriately managed, the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is bone of the few tractable causes of pregnancy losses.Q A recent case control study, on babies from APS-mothers and healthy mothers, did not show any difference in the occurrence of neonatal complications. There are few data about the longterm outcome of babies born to patients with AD. We recently reported increased occurrence of learning disabilities in children born to aPL positive mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The modern ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Associations of the pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain with pregnancy outcomes in Taiwanese women. AU - Tsai, I. Hsien. AU - Chen, Chih Ping. AU - Sun, Fang Ju. AU - Wu, Chia Hsun. AU - Yeh, Sung Ling. PY - 2012/3. Y1 - 2012/3. N2 - Background: Pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important factors in both maternal and infant outcomes. Little information is available in relation to different levels of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and body weight gain on obstetric outcomes in Taiwan. This study investigated the associations between pregnancy complications with pre-pregnant BMI and GWG, in Taiwanese women. Methods: Data were extracted from a delivery room information bank on all women delivering singleton babies in a medical center. Eight hundred and sixty pregnant women were included. The collected variables included basic information, GWG, ...
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Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) poses negative impact on mothers and their children. It is important to understand the modifiable lifestyle factors associated with excessive GWG during pregnancy to guide future public health practice. To investigate the association between physical activity during pregnancy and GWG of Chinese urban pregnant women. A pregnant women cohort was established between 2005 and 2007 in Changzhou, China. Physical activity levels of pregnant women were assessed using pedometer in the 2nd and 3rd trimester, respectively. According to step counts, pregnant women were categorized into 4 different physical activity groups: Sedentary, Low Active, Somewhat Active and Active. The pregnant women were followed for eligibility and data collection from the 2nd trimester to delivery. Multiple linear regression and multiple binary logistic model were applied to determine the association between physical activity and GWG. Physical activity levels and GWG of ...
pregnancy over 35 - MedHelps pregnancy over 35 Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for pregnancy over 35. Find pregnancy over 35 information, treatments for pregnancy over 35 and pregnancy over 35 symptoms.
So we stayed. Converse anaesthetic early pregnancy your healthcare supplier relating to any dietary supplements (particularly Folic acid, Calcium, iron and Vitamin B12 dietary supplements). I feel extremely blessed to be a part of Hapa Yoga in San Diego, a all-inclusive yoga studio acuse a really heavy emphasis on being mom-pleasant. For some people, being pregnant led inspmnia a break-up of their relationship. Due to this fact, one can date the being pregnant in response to its true date (or true starting) or can pregnancy cause insomnia fetal age phrases. Can pregnancy cause insomnia bought a unfavorable. The can pregnancy cause insomnia time you spend standing, the extra your ft will swell. Tender breasts and nipples are often the first pregnancy sign (like once you get your interval, solely worse). The egg is launched and, if you happen to turn into pregnant, its fertilized before PMS signs ordinarily begin. I simply ...
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OBJECTIVE: To describe on a national basis ethnic differences in severe maternal morbidity in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: National cohort study using the UK Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS). SETTING: All hospitals with consultant led maternity units in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 686 women with severe maternal morbidity between February 2005 and February 2006. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates, risk ratios, and odds ratios of severe maternal morbidity in different ethnic groups. RESULTS: 686 cases of severe maternal morbidity were reported in an estimated 775 186 maternities, representing an estimated incidence of 89 (95% confidence interval 82 to 95) cases per 100 000 maternities. 74% of women were white, and 26% were non-white. The estimated risk of severe maternal morbidity in white women was 80 cases per 100 000 maternities, and that in non-white women was 126 cases per 100,000 (risk difference 46 (27 to 66) cases per 100 000; risk ratio 1.58, 95% confidence interval 1.33 to 1.87). Black African women
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The classical concept that pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and pre-eclampsia (PE) primarily originate from defective placentation in early pregnancy has been challenged recently. There is growing evidence that other factors, including maternal predisposing conditions, also play a significant role in the pathophysiology of PIH and PE. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that PIH and PE with an early onset and poor pregnancy outcome is associated with defective placentation, e.g. inadequate spiral artery dilatation and subsequent reduced uteroplacental perfusion, whereas PIH and PE with normal pregnancy outcome is not. Using Doppler ultrasound, we measured the uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) in a population of 531 nulliparous women in the 22nd week of gestation. Uterine artery PI was used as an index of resistance to blood flow in the uteroplacental circulation. Outcome measures were PIH/PE with or without poor ...
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is a rare life-threatening complication of pregnancy that occurs in the third trimester or the immediate period after delivery. It is thought to be caused by a disordered metabolism of fatty acids by mitochondria in the mother, caused by long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. The condition was previously thought to be universally fatal, but aggressive treatment by stabilizing the mother with intravenous fluids and blood products in anticipation of early delivery has improved prognosis. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (or hepatic lipidosis of pregnancy) usually manifests in the third trimester of pregnancy, but may occur any time in the second half of pregnancy, or in the puerperium, the period immediately after delivery. On average, the disease presents during the 35th or 36th week of pregnancy. The usual symptoms in the mother are ...
The quality of the intrauterine environment influences maternal-fetal health and also offspring predisposition to obesity and cardiometabolic disease later in life. Several determinants, including but not limited to pregravid obesity and excessive gestational weight gain, alter the developmental milieu, fetal growth, and child obesity risk. However, the role of sleep and its relationship to healthy pregnancy is not fully established. Given the host of psychosocial and physiological complications associated with childhood obesity, targeting the gestational period is purported to be an opportune time for preventive intervention. Many longitudinal studies suggest that short sleep duration is a risk factor for the development of impaired glycemia and obesity. However, there is a dearth of information concerning the role of sleep hygiene and its role in a healthy pregnancy. Reports note disrupted and poorer quality of sleep during gestation and highlight an ...
Objective The study aimed to evaluate if the rate of tissue factor pathway inhibitor during pregnancy and following delivery could be a predictive factor for placenta-mediated adverse pregnancy outcomes in high-risk women. Methods This was a prospective multicentre cohort study of 200 patients at a high risk of occurrence or recurrence of placenta-mediated adverse pregnancy outcomes conducted between June 2008 and October 2010. Measurements of tissue factor pathway inhibitor resistance (normalized ratio) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor activity were performed for the last 72 patients at 20, 24, 28, 32, and 36 weeks of gestation and during the postpartum period. Results Overall, 15 patients presented a placenta-mediated adverse pregnancy outcome. There was no difference in normalized tissue factor pathway inhibitor ratios between patients with and without placenta-mediated adverse pregnancy outcomes during ...
We present a case of Primary cytomegalovirus infection presented in mid-trimester with itching and obstetric cholestasis like picture. To the best of our knowledge the similarities between primary CMV and obstetric cholestasis, when presenting during pregnancy, have not been highlighted before in the literature. Case Report: A 36 year old lady presented to antenatal clinic at 23+4 weeks gestational age with intense itching. Bile acids and ALT were raised so she was treated as obstetric cholestasis whilst other results were awaited. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies, immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM were positive despite being negative at booking, suggesting an acquisition of CMV at approximately 18 weeks gestation. This article highlights the details of her case including the management and consequences of cytomegalovirus in pregnancy. Conclusion: This case report highlights the importance of the awareness of the clinicians with the condition as a differential diagnosis to ...
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During 1991--1999, a total of 7,342 deaths were reported to PMSS. Of these, 2,919 deaths occurred during pregnancy or within 1 year of pregnancy but were not causally related to pregnancy. Although causally related to pregnancy, 106 deaths were excluded from this analysis because the time interval between the end of pregnancy and maternal death exceeded 1 year, and 117 deaths were excluded because whether the death was related to a pregnancy was unknown. The remaining 4,200 deaths were used as the basis for this analysis. A matched birth certificate was available for 93% of deaths that occurred after a live birth, and a matched fetal death certificate was available for 88% of deaths that occurred after a stillbirth. The overall pregnancy-related mortality ratio was 11.8 deaths per 100,000 live births for the 9-year surveillance period. The ratio significantly increased from 10.3 in 1991 to ...
Gestational weight gain differs according to pre-pregnancy body mass index and is related to the risks of adverse maternal and child health outcomes. Gestational weight gain charts for women in different pre-pregnancy body mass index groups enable identification of women and offspring at risk for adverse health outcomes. We aimed to construct gestational weight gain reference charts for underweight, normal weight, overweight, and grades 1, 2 and 3 obese women and to compare these charts with those obtained in women with uncomplicated term pregnancies. We used individual participant data from 218,216 pregnant women participating in 33 cohorts from Europe, North America, and Oceania. Of these women, 9065 (4.2%), 148,697 (68.1%), 42,678 (19.6%), 13,084 (6.0%), 3597 (1.6%), and 1095 (0.5%) were underweight, normal weight, overweight, and grades 1, 2, and 3 obese women, respectively. A total of 138, 517 women from 26 cohorts had pregnancies with no hypertensive or diabetic ...
Today I am finally sharing Romans Newborn Lifestyle shoot photos! I am so happy that despite the rushed circumstances of Romans birth, we were able to put this shoot together and capture such beautiful moments.. As many of you may already know, I delivered Roman 18 days earlier than his originally anticipated arrival due to a pregnancy complication called Obstetric Cholestasis. In short, Obstetric Cholestasis is a rare pregnancy complication caused by a build-up of bile acids in the bloodstream. The bile salts in the blood cause a persistent and in my opinion, uncontrollable itch on the skin and most notably on the soles of your feet. The bile in the bloodstream could have potentially become toxic to my little Roman and therefore I was induced on May 31, 2016 and gave birth on Wednesday, June 1, 2016, three days before my scheduled maternity photo shoot.. Therefore, my maternity photo shoot turned into Romans Newborn Lifestyle photo shoot. The nursery was not yet finished ...
Maternal mortality is too rare in high income countries to be used as a marker of the quality of maternity care. Consequently severe maternal morbidity has been suggested as a better indicator. Using the maternal morbidity outcome indicator (MMOI) developed and validated for use in routinely collected population health data, we aimed to determine trends in severe adverse maternal outcomes during the birth admission and in particular to examine the contribution of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). We applied the MMOI to the linked birth-hospital discharge records for all women who gave birth in New South Wales, Australia from 1999 to 2004 and determined rates of severe adverse maternal outcomes. We used frequency distributions and contingency table analyses to examine the association between adverse outcomes and maternal, pregnancy and birth characteristics, among all women and among only those with PPH. Using logistic regression, we modelled the effects of these characteristics on adverse ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Estimating the public health burden associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes resulting from syphilis infection across 43 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. AU - Kuznik, Andreas. AU - Habib, Abdulrazaq G.. AU - Manabe, Yukari C. AU - Lamorde, Mohammed. PY - 2015/7/11. Y1 - 2015/7/11. N2 - Background: Untreated syphilis in pregnancy is associated with adverse clinical outcomes to the infant. The study aimed to estimate the public health burden resulting from adverse pregnancy outcomes due to syphilis infection among pregnant women not screened for syphilis in 43 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: Estimated country-specific incidence of syphilis was generated from annual number of live births, the proportion of women with at least 1 antenatal care (ANC) visit, the syphilis prevalence rate, and the proportion of women screened for syphilis during ANC. Adverse pregnancy outcome data (stillbirth, neonatal death, low birth ...
Pelvic Pain in Pregnancy is very common and can affects 1 in 4 pregnant women and comes with a wide array of symptoms that vary from woman to woman.. This pain is called "Pelvic Girdle Pain" [PGP] or formerly known as Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction [SPD]. This condition is treatable in most cases and can safely be treated during pregnancy. It can be treated at any point and time whether during or after your pregnancy.. If you notice pelvic pain, it is good to contact your doctor and ask for treatment. It is mostly recognized as a mechanical joint issue that should be treated as early as possible, and it can occur at any stage during your pregnancy. Pelvic Girdle Pain can come on suddenly or gradually and will occasionally get better after a couple days of rest, however the pain will generally come back and treatment is highly suggested.. ...
MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (American Heart Association News) -- A new study confirms that when it comes to assessing heart health, an important question a doctor can ask an African American woman is, "Did you have complications during a pregnancy?". The study, published Monday in the American Heart Associations journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, analyzed data collected on 439 African American women who had a coronary CT angiogram -- a scan that takes images of the arteries that supply blood to the heart -- and reported a previous pregnancy complication. These women were compared to 445 African American women with similar characteristics, such as age, weight and smoking history, who also had an angiogram but did not report a problem during pregnancy.. The research team looked at three pregnancy complications: preterm delivery (giving birth before the due date), preeclampsia (high blood pressure) and ...
Maternal mortality, or "pregnancy-related death," is defined by the CDC as the death of a woman while pregnant or within one year of pregnancy termination from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management.. The nation as a whole has seen its maternal mortality rate rise from 13.3 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2006 to a currently estimated mortality rate of about 21 per 100,000 live births in 2010.. The Department of Public Health said Tuesday that it has been conducting an analysis of maternal deaths in Georgia. The agency is also partnering with the Association of Womens Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) and Merck for Mothers in a project to reduce the number of women who bleed to death during or after pregnancy.. The "Postpartum Hemorrhage Project" is also being conducted in New Jersey and the District of Columbia.. Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald, commissioner of Public Health, says the state is determined ...
What causes pregnancy-related SPD (symphysis pubis dysfunction) or PGP/PGPP (pelvic girdle pain/pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain) - and how to treat it
Pregnancy weight gain. Some of us gain too little. Some of us gain too much. But we often fail to recognize just how much weight were going to gain in that last trimester. And interventions used in the last trimester may be futile at managing excessive or too little weight gain. Thankfully, it seems that researchers have determined a possible resolution to the pregnancy weight gain dilemma.. Gaining too much weight can increase the mothers risk for both hypertension and diabetes. These conditions can put the baby at risk for long-term health problems, like childhood obesity, and possibly even necessitating an early delivery because of pregnancy complications. Gaining too little weight can lead to complications like pre-term birth and smaller-than-gestational-age infants.. Essentially, the recommended weight gain guidelines are based on body weight before pregnancy. For women that are underweight before ...
What if your morning sickness was so severe it had you vomiting 30 times a day, caused internal bleeding, and made you drop two dress sizes? Thats the reality for Kate Middleton, and thousands of other mums-to-be suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum. We asked Dr Sebastian Winckler from online doctor service DrEd some questions about the condition.. 1. What is hyperemesis gravidarum and what causes it?. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is very severe nausea and vomiting that affects around 9,000 pregnancies per year. Its caused by excess production of chronic gonadotrophin (hCG) - a hormone produced by your body to help your uterus to support a baby during pregnancy.. 2. When does it happen?. HG usually starts at around 4-7 weeks and then eases off at 14-16 weeks, but some women experience it throughout pregnancy.. 3. How can I tell its hyperemesis gravidarum and not just ordinary morning sickness?. 70-85% of women will experience morning sickness - its actually ...
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and possibly dehydration. Signs and symptoms may also include vomiting several times a day and feeling faint. Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered more severe than morning sickness. Often symptoms get better after the 20th week of pregnancy but may last the entire pregnancy duration. The exact causes of hyperemesis gravidarum are unknown. Risk factors include the first pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, obesity, prior or family history of HG, trophoblastic disorder, and a history of eating disorders. Diagnosis is usually made based on the observed signs and symptoms. HG has been technically defined as more than three episodes of vomiting per day such that weight loss of 5% or three kilograms has occurred and ketones are present in the urine. Other potential causes of the symptoms should be excluded including ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy, Fatty Liver in Pregnancy, Pregnancy Induced Steatohepatitis, AFLP.
Introduction: Pregnancies occurring after bariatric surgery can experience surgical complications. This case report of severe maternal morbidity should prompt clinicians to have a heightened awareness of bariatric surgery complications, such as gastric band erosion, in pregnancy. Case Report: A 30-year-old gravida 1 presented at 11 weeks with epigastric pain after a laparoscopic gastric banding procedure performed 3 years ago. Her pain improved after the gastric band was deflated under ultrasound guidance. She returned one week later with a severe headache and three syncopal episodes. Her hemoglobin was 3.2g/dl for which she received blood transfusions during her ICU admission. An upper endoscopy showed that the gastric band had completely eroded through the gastric mucosa. A laparoscopy under general anesthesia without complications. Conclusion: This case report of severe maternal morbidity should prompt clinicians to have a heightened ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recurrence rates of hyperemesis gravidarum in pregnancy. AU - Dean, C. AU - Bannigan, K. AU - OHara, M. AU - Painter, R. AU - Marsden, J. N1 - Obtain acceptance and AAM - ET 18/4/19. PY - 2017/11/1. Y1 - 2017/11/1. N2 - Review question/objective:The quantitative objective of this review is to identify the recurrence rate of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) in subsequent pregnancies.. AB - Review question/objective:The quantitative objective of this review is to identify the recurrence rate of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) in subsequent pregnancies.. U2 - 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-003271. DO - 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-003271. M3 - Article. VL - 15. SP - 2659. EP - 2665. IS - 11. ER - ...
Eventbrite - Physiotherapy Association of BC presents PABC Course: Rost Therapy: Evidence Based Management of Pregnancy-Related Pelvic Girdle, Sacro-Iliac and Pubic Pain - Saturday, 2 June 2018 | Sunday, 3 June 2018 at UBC Friedman Building - UBC Lab 304, Vancouver, BC. Find event and ticket information.
The report by Goel et al1 from Vellore is interesting and valuable. The authors identified 34 patients who had undergone liver biopsy for suspected pregnancy-related liver disease in their institution over a 9-year period. Twenty-four of those cases were deemed suitable for retrospective study. They applied the Swansea criteria for acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and found that of the 20 cases fulfilling those criteria, in only 17 … ...
Myo-Inositol is classified as a member of the vitamin B complex. It is a constituent of living cells and is widespread in many food. It is involved in a number of biological processes, including insulin signal transduction, resulting in modulating insulin sensitivity. This is a prospective, randomized, double center, placebo-controlled study. Two hundred and twenty obese pregnant women will be included in the trial and, after an informed consent, will assume randomly 2 g of myo-inositol twice a day or placebo from 12-13th weeks gestation until delivery. Then,they will perform an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) at 24-28th weeks gestation. Records about delivery (gestational age, neonatal weight...) will be registered ...
Free Online Library: Children of obese pregnant women face greater diabetes risk. by The Scotsman Online; Body weight Childhood obesity Risk factors Disease susceptibility Obesity in children Pregnant women Type 2 diabetes
By Robert W. Rebar, MD Professor and Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo Dr. Rebar reports no financial relationships relevant to this field of study. SYNOPSIS: Women undergoing infertility treatment, particularly in vitro fertilization, are at higher risk of severe maternal morbidity, but the overall risk remains low. SOURCE: Dayan N, Joseph KS, Fell DB, et al. Infertility treatment and risk of severe maternal morbidity: A propensity score-matched cohort study. CMAJ 2019;191:E118-E127. Although it is . . .
The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) is higher in pregnant women compared to women of the same age in a general population. Pregnancy-related LBP persists 6 years after pregnancy in 16% of women. Consequently, pregnancy represents a specific risk for LBP and persistent LBP. Pregnancy-related LBP is usually studied as a single entity, however, only one subgroup of LBP, i.e. pelvic girdle pain (PGP), seems to be associated with pregnancy. Accordingly, possible differences in subgroups of patients with LBP are unknown.. The aims of this thesis were the following: 1) to describe the prevalence of clinically classified subgroups of women with LBP in a cohort (no LBP, lumbar pain, PGP, and combined pain (PGP and lumbar pain)) during pregnancy and postpartum, and 2) to determine if there was a disparity in the course, health-related quality of life (HRQL), pain intensity, disability, depressive symptoms, or muscle ...
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is one of the most avidly studied signaling networks in mammalian biology, with critical roles in cellular growth and survival. The EGFR is also vital for normal placental formation and development. This body of work examines the role and potential of targeting the EGFR cascade in the pregnancy complications preeclampsia and ectopic pregnancy. In the first arm of this PhD, we investigated EGFR signaling in preeclampsia, a major pregnancy complication associated with shallow placental invasion and placental insufficiency. Anti-angiogenic factors are then released from the preeclamptic placenta into the maternal circulation causing endothelial dysfunction (a hallmark of the disease), hypertension and organ injury. Firstly, we examined whether administering EGF peptide (the natural EGFR ligand) to primary endothelial cells affects endothelial dysfunction in-vitro. From this, we found EGF peptide ...
Background & aim: High-risk pregnancies increase the risk of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission in mothers and their newborns. In this study, we aimed to identify the association between the recurrence of high-risk pregnancy and mothers previous experience of having an infant admitted to NICU. Methods:We performed a cohort, retrospective study to compare subsequent pregnancy outcomes among 232 control subjects and 200 female cases with a previous experience of having a newborn requiring NICU admission due to intrauterine growth retardation, preeclampsia, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, and asphyxia. The information about the prevalence of subsequent high-risk pregnancies was gathered via phone calls. Results: As the results indicated, heparin, progesterone, and aspirin were more frequently administered in the case group during subsequent pregnancies, compared to the control group (P|0.001). Also, ...
Im 37, and TTC for more than 1 yr. My ultrasound this week confirmed that I was carrying a single appropriately-sized embryo - acceptable for a 5-week-old pregnancy, that means the child itself was about three weeks outdated. Abdominal strengtheners. Independently, scientists in several laboratories throughout Europe described the presence of a substance that promotes sex and pregnancy 3rd trimester positions growth and development in rabbits and mice. four-15. It is a maternity product that each mom-to-be postions have. Youll be able to even see your baby sucking his sex and pregnancy 3rd trimester positions her thumb at this stage. Your clear thought in regards to the symptoms will show you how to distinguish a pregnancy symptom from a standard well being dysfunction. Lots of the physique sex and pregnancy 3rd trimester positions and signs of pregnancy you experience in the first trimester will begin to ...
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - While it remains rare for a woman in the U.S. to die from pregnancy complications, the national rate of pregnancy-related deaths...
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b) to study women for whom the current pregnancy will lead to their first delivery (nulliparas). About 40% of pregnant women in the United States are nulliparas. Because little or no information from previous pregnancy outcomes is available to guide assignment of risk or mitigating interventions, adverse pregnancy outcomes in nulliparas are especially unpredictable. The underlying mechanisms of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth are interrelated and therefore will be evaluated as part of this study. The information gained will benefit women who are pregnant or who are considering pregnancy and their physicians. In addition, the knowledge will support future research ...
Health, ...Heart disease is the leading cause of womens pregnancy-related deaths...Maternal death rates have been increasing in California and the United... Women who give birth are usually young and in good health said Afsh...She said the results likely apply to the rest of the United States....,Heart,disease,no.,1,cause,of,pregnancy-related,deaths,in,California,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Objective: To investigate changes in tobacco smoking in two consecutive pregnancies and factors associated with the change. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: New South Wales, Australia, 2000-2010 Population: 183,385 women having first and second singleton pregnancies. Methods: Descriptive and multivariable logistic regression analyses of perinatal data linked to hospital admission data. Main outcome measures: Proportion of women smoking during their first pregnancy who quit by their second, and of women not smoking in their first pregnancy who did smoke during their second. Results: Among 22,761 smokers in the first pregnancy, 33.5% had quit by their second. Among 160,624 non-smokers in their first pregnancy, 3.6% smoked during their second. Women who aged ≥25 years, were married, born in a non-English speaking country, used private obstetric care, and lived in a socio-economically advantaged area were more likely to quit or ...
Dzakpasu, S.; Fahey, J.; Kirby, R.S.; Tough, S.C.; Chalmers, B.; Heaman, M.I.; Bartholomew, S.; Biringer, A.; Darling, E.K.; Lee, L.S.; McDonald, S.D., 2016: Contribution of prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain to adverse neonatal outcomes: population attributable fractions for Canada
Click on the links below to learn more about this topic.. Pregnancy Overview. Anatomy: Fetus in Utero. The First Trimester (0 - 12 Weeks). The Second Trimester (12 - 24 Weeks). The Third Trimester (24 - 40 Weeks). The Pregnant Mother. Hormones During Pregnancy. Weight Gain During Pregnancy. Nutrition During Pregnancy. Exercise During Pregnancy. Work and Pregnancy. Sex During Pregnancy. Sleeping During Pregnancy. Multiple Pregnancy. Overview of Multiple Pregnancy. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Multiple Pregnancy. Complications of Multiple Pregnancy. Care and Management of Multiple Pregnancy. Newborn Multiples. ...
The incidence of pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in pregnancy is wide ranged depending on definition, the utilised diagnostic means, and the design of the studies. PGP during pregnancy has negative effects on activities of daily living and causes long sick leave, which makes it a major public health issue. Our objectives were to explore the frequency of sick leave in pregnancy due to PGP, assess the relationship between different types of pain-related activities of daily living, examine physical workload, type of work in relation to sick leave, and to explore factors that make women less likely to take sick leave for PGP. All women giving birth at the maternity ward of Stavanger University Hospital, Norway, were asked to participate and complete a questionnaire on demographic features, PGP, pain-related activities of daily living, sick leave in general and for PGP, frequency of exercising before and during pregnancy. Drawings of pelvic girdle and ...
OBJECTIVE: To review the maternal and neonatal outcomes, and management of single foetal death in twin pregnancies. DATA SOURCES: Medline literature search (1950 to 1999) and hospital audit of single antepartum foetal deaths in twin pregnancy from 1993 through 1997. DATA SELECTION: Key words for literature search: twin pregnancy/pregnancies; single fetal death/demise. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted and reviewed independently by the authors. DATA SYNTHESIS: During the study period, 182 (0.76%) of 23,804 deliveries involved twin pregnancies. Seven (3.8%) of the twin pregnancies were complicated by the death of one foetus. Single foetal death in a twin pregnancy in the late second and third trimesters is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the surviving co-twin, especially in a pregnancy involving monochorionic twins. Management should be individualised; conservative management is preferred by most obstetricians. ...
Pregnancy complications can arise at any stage and pose different grades of risks to the health of a mother and her baby. Read pregnancy complications here on Huggies.
Objective To investigate the association between weekly weight gain, during the second and third trimesters, classified according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM/NRC) recommendations, and maternal and fetal outcomes. Methods Gestational weight gain was evaluated in 2,244 pregnant women of the Brazilian Study of Gestational Diabetes (Estudo Brasileiro do Diabetes Gestacional - EBDG). Outcomes were cesarean delivery, preterm birth and small or large for gestational age birth (SGA, LGA). Associations between inadequate weight gain and outcomes were estimated using robust Poisson regression adjusting for pre-pregnancy body mass index, trimester-specific weight gain, age, height, skin color, parity, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Results In fully adjusted models, in the second trimester, insufficient weight gain was associated with SGA (relative risk [RR] 1.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] ...
Gestational hypertension is a form of high blood pressure in pregnancy. It occurs in about 5 percent to 8 percent of all pregnancies. Another type of high blood pressure is chronic hypertension - high blood pressure that is present before pregnancy begins.. Gestational hypertension can develop into preeclampsia This condition occurs most often in young women with a first pregnancy. It is more common in twin pregnancies, in women over the age of 35, in women with chronic hypertension, diabetes, African-American women, and in women who had hypertension in a previous pregnancy.. Gestational hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure readings are higher than 140/90 mm Hg after 20 weeks of pregnancy with normal blood pressure.. Preeclampsia (also known as toxemia) is diagnosed when a woman with gestational hypertension also has increased protein in her urine.. Eclampsia is a severe form of preeclampsia. Women with eclampsia ...
Q fever caused by Coxiella burnetii is transmitted to humans by inhalation of aerosols from animal birth products. Q fever in pregnancy is suspected to be a potential cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and fetal mortality but the pathogenesis is poorly understood, and even in Q fever endemic areas, the magnitude of a potential association is not established. We aimed to examine if presence of antibodies to C. burnetii during pregnancy or seroconversion were associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The Danish National Birth Cohort collected blood samples and interview data from 100,418 pregnant women (1996-2002). We sampled 397 pregnant women with occupational or domestic exposure to cattle or sheep and a random sample of 459 women with no animal exposure. Outcome measures were spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, birth weight and Small for Gestational Age (SGA). Blood samples collected in pregnancy were screened for antibodies against ...
The effects of antenatal depression and antidepressant treatment during pregnancy on both mother and child are vigorously studied, but the underlying biology for these effects is largely unknown. The placenta plays a crucial role in the growth and development of the fetus. We performed a gene expression study on the fetal side of the placenta to investigate gene expression patterns in mothers with antenatal depression and in mothers using antidepressant treatment during pregnancy. Placental samples from mothers with normal pregnancies, from mothers with antenatal depression, and from mothers using antidepressants were collected. We performed a pilot microarray study to investigate alterations in the gene expression and selected several genes from the microarray for biological validation with qPCR in a larger sample. In mothers with antenatal depression 108 genes were differentially expressed, whereas 109 genes were differentially expressed in those using antidepressants. ...
The impact of an ectopic pregnancy in the next generation is unknown. Our aim was to compare reproductive outcomes in daughters of women with and without ectopic pregnancy. Designed as a historical prospective controlled cohort study with data collected in four Danish registries from 1977-2009, women with ectopic pregnancy during 1977-1982 were age-matched to women without ectopic pregnancy. Daughters of these two cohorts were followed until 2009. We compared 5126 daughters of women with ectopic pregnancy with 19 928 daughters of women without ectopic pregnancy. The daughters of women with ectopic pregnancy had a 1.5-fold (95% confidence interval 1.2-1.9) increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, while for deliveries this was 1.0 (1.0-1.1), for miscarriages 1.1 (1.0-1.2), and for induced abortions 1.3 (1.2-1.4). Daughters of mothers with ectopic pregnancy have a ...
The study was carried out to record adverse pregnancy outcomes and to obtain information about sex ratio at birth in rural especially tribal areas in the State of Maharashtra, India. Although the tribal population is considered vulnerable to innumerable adversities, regretfully information about pregnancy wastage among them is not available. About 10% population of the state is tribal. The study of sex ratio at birth was planned as the overall sex ratio and child sex ratio had declined in the state. The cohort of antenatal cases registered in rural areas of Maharashtra in the calendar year 2008 was followed up to study the pregnancy outcomes. A retrospective study was carried out from October 2009 to August 2010. The outcomes of all the registered antenatal cases were recorded by the Auxiliary Nurse Midwives. The summary sheets were obtained by Block Medical Officers. The data was entered at the block level by trained data entry operators in specially ...
Background: Preterm birth defined as birth prior to 37 weeks of gestation is caused by different risk factors and implies an increased risk for disease and early death for the child. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of maternal stress during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth. Methods: A case-control study that included 340 women; 168 women who gave birth preterm and 172 women who gave birth at term. Data were manually extracted from standardized medical records. If the medical record contained a psychiatric diagnosis or a self-reported stressor e.g., depression or anxiety the woman was considered to have been exposed to stress during pregnancy. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) was used to calculate the attributable risk (AR) of maternal stress during pregnancy on preterm birth, both for the women exposed to stress during pregnancy (AR1 = (AOR-1)/AOR) and for the whole study population (AR2 = AR1*case fraction). Results: ...
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Data & statistics on Maternal mortality ratio in the countries of SEAR: Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) SEAR Countries, 1995, Countries with maternal mortality ratios exceeding 500 deaths per 100,000 live births, 2000 (ranked by maternal mortality ratio) (continued), Maternal mortality and infant mortality...
Welcome to your Pea in the Podcast. Im Bonnie Petrie with everything you need to know about your body, your baby and the big changes ahead in your life as you begin your journey as someones mom.. This week, well talk about some of the problems you may face during your pregnancy.. The frightening…. "In severe, severe cases women can have a stroke.". The uncomfortable…. "I was sick pretty much the whole time, barfing.". And the ugly…. "My ankles were as big around as my calves.". Were talking about pregnancy complications. Youll want to know whats normal and whats not. Stick around.. Ah, pregnancy - a time to luxuriate in your divine feminine mystique…thats what that is, right? You are fertility, you are abundance, you are Mother Earth and youre glowing.. Wait, is that a glow or is that a sheen of perspiration from the sheer effort it takes to get your giant self from one place to the next?. Pregnancy can be hard, starting ...
Objective: To estimate the effects of maternal body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy weight gain on the retinal microvasculature among pregnant women. Methods: We studied 814 pregnant women aged 18-46 years who were recruited as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Toward Health Outcomes study, an ongoing birth cohort study from two government hospitals in Singapore since 2009. Recalled prepregnancy weight was recorded, and maternal anthropometric measurements of weight and height were performed at 26 weeks of gestation together with retinal photography. Results: In multiple linear regression models, each standard deviation increase of 26-week pregnancy BMI (4.57) was associated with narrower retinal arteriolar caliber (by 1.58 micrometers, P,.001), wider venular caliber (by 1.28 micrometers, P=.02), and increased retinal venular tortuosity (P=.01). Compared with mothers with normal weight, obese mothers (prepregnancy BMI greater than 30.0) had ...
Gender is known to influence pregnancy outcomes. Recent studies have reported an association between air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes, but gender differences have not been considered. In order to assess the current evidence of the interactive effects between gender and air pollution on pregnancy outcomes we undertook a systematic literature review. Using a comprehensive list of keywords, English language articles published between 1966 and 2005 were retrieved from major databases. Additional information on gender was obtained from the study authors. Studies were included if they contained well-defined measurements of ambient air pollutants, investigated pregnancy outcomes and reported estimates by gender. In total 11 studies were included. The quality of the studies was assessed using the framework in Systematic Reviews in Health Care Meta-analysis in context and Brackens Guidelines. Of the 11 studies, four evaluated low ...
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) isnt really a popular topic and not something I thought I would experience after having trouble getting pregnant. Who knew that getting pregnant was only a small step in the right direction?. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a distinct disease from infertility and is defined by two or more failed pregnancies. Some people experience both infertility and loss, like me, and others experience one or the other.. For me, recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility are one and the same. They are what kept me from bringing a baby home from the hospital for seven long years. I am infertile and while IVF helped me conceive, I miscarried every time. Recurrent loss is the ultimate problem for me.. Most miscarriages are due to an abnormal embryo - an unlucky accident, with no underlying medical issue, unless your specific issue is age-related or egg quality related. But, if you have miscarried three times, it is quite unlikely that this is due to ...
Data & statistics on Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries: Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Eastern African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Northern, Central and Southern African countries (1993, 2002)...
We investigated the association between timing (before, early and late pregnancy) of probiotic milk consumption and the risk of developing preeclampsia or preterm delivery. Our results showed that probiotic milk intake during late pregnancy (but not before or in early pregnancy) was associated with reduced risk of preeclampsia, and that intake during early pregnancy (but not before or in late pregnancy) was associated with reduced risk of preterm delivery. No dose response effect was found. In this study we were not able to separate the impact of the specific probiotic products. When analysing subgroups, we found a stronger association between probiotic milk intake and reduced risk of spontaneous and late preterm delivery.. We were surprised to find a lack of association between probiotic intake and iatrogenic preterm delivery, since an important reason for selecting pregnancies for induction in preterm ...
Subchorionic hematomas in the first trimester were not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes after 20 weeks gestation in singleton pregnancies, according to Mackenzie N. Naert of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, and associates.. The investigators conducted a retrospective study, published in Obstetrics & Gynecology, of all women who presented for prenatal care before 14 weeks gestation at a single maternal-fetal medicine practice between January 2015 and December 2017. Of the 2,172 women with singleton pregnancies included in the analysis, 389 (18%) had a subchorionic hematoma.. Women with subchorionic hematomas were more likely to have their first ultrasound at an earlier gestational age (8 5/7 weeks vs. 9 6/7 weeks; P less than .001) and to have vaginal bleeding at the time of the ultrasound exam (32% vs. 8%; P less than .001). No other differences in baseline characteristics were observed, and after univariable analysis, subchorionic hematoma was not associated ...
The haemodynamic changes of pregnancy can have a negative impact on maternal cardiac health, especially in women with pre-existing cardiac disease. In the most recent Confidential Inquiries into Maternal Mortality in the United Kingdom, heart disease was found to be the most common indirect cause of maternal death during pregnancy.1 Pregnancy counselling and management for women with heart disease is being increasingly recognized as an important aspect of their overall cardiac care. With increasing awareness, there has been a growing body of research focused on pregnancy outcomes and risk stratification. There have also been new initiatives to improve clinical care, such as the 2011 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on the management of cardiovascular disease during pregnancy.2 While our current understanding of pregnancy risk assessment and management has improved over the past 20 years, many ...
My story of subchorionic hemorrhage pregnancy complications in first trimester of my fourth pregnancy. (What is a subchorionic hemorrhage?)
A pregnant woman in labour who is an IVF patient who has obstetric cholestasis a rare complication of pregnancy. Which is a build-up of bile acids in the bloodstream and liver. Southmead hospital, Bristol. - Paul Box - 2012-09-23 - PB1303055.JPG
Results In total, 7.5% (95% CI 7.2 to 7.9) of all spontaneous births were preterm. The prevalence of preterm birth according to the mothers BMI was 7.3% (95% CI 6.9 to 7.7) for normal weight, 7.6% (95% CI 6.4 to 8.9) for underweight, 8.2% (95% CI 7.4 to 9.1) for overweight and 8.3% (95% CI 7.0 to 9.6) for obese women. The risk of spontaneous preterm birth was increased in overweight women compare to normal weight mothers (crude OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.31). After adjustment for marital status and education, increased risks of preterm delivery were found in both overweight (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.34) and obese women (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.45). Further adjustment for age, parity, infant sex, smoking and alcohol abuse, reduced the associations to non-significant level. ...
Identifying the High-Risk Pregnancy A concurrent disorder, pregnancy-related complication, or external factor jeopardizes the health of the mother, fetus or both Table 20.1 Factors that categorize a pregnancy as High Risk: Psychological Social Physical
Obstructive sleep apnea in pregnancy increases the risk of pregnancy complications and early intervention may offer better treatment strategies.
Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate; per 100;000 live births) in Ethiopia was last measured at 353 in 2015, according to the World Bank. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate - per 100;000 live births) in Ethiopia.
Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate; per 100;000 live births) in Guyana was last measured at 229 in 2015, according to the World Bank. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate - per 100;000 live births) in Guyana.
A baby born at less than 37 weeks of gestation is considered preterm. This occurs more often among black women than white women and is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. Obesity is associated with intrauterine infections, systematic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia, all of which may increase the risk of preterm birth. In order to investigate the relations of preterm birth with prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain, the BUSM researchers used data from the Slone Epidemiology Centers Black Womens Health Study. They compared mothers of more than 1,000 infants born three or more weeks early with mothers of more than 7,000 full-term infants. They examined two types of preterm birth: that indicated for medical reasons (medically-indicated) and that occurring for no known reason (spontaneous).. The researchers found that obesity increased the risk of medically-indicated preterm birth and very early spontaneous preterm birth (,32 weeks), ...
A woman who is over the age of 35 is considered to be of advanced maternal age. This age bracket puts you at a higher risk of pregnancy complications, labor issues, and birth defects. Youre probably aware that bearing children when youre younger may be healthier for you as the mother and for your children as well. Of course, having your children when youre young may be medically preferable, but not everyone has the ability to plan their family at that age. If youre starting your family when youre somewhat older, youre certainly not alone, and if you listen to your obstetrician, you should be just fine. Its a good idea to have a reputable OBGYN on hand because youll want to visit regularly for prenatal checkups during your pregnancy. If you would like to find out how you can avoid any kind of complications, you can also visit your doctor before getting pregnant. ...
Pregnancy poses several complications on the womans body if left unattended and if her gestation is poorly managed. The most common complication of pregnancy is hypertension. Hypertension in pregnancy can be fatal for both the mother and the baby if left untreated for so long or if detected later in the trimester.. Hypertension in pregnancy is called Gestational Hypertension. It is so-called gestational hypertension because such incidence is triggered or induced by pregnancy due to the increase in blood volume of the body to compensate for the needs of both the mother and the fetus. Signs and symptoms of gestational hypertension usually occurs at around 20 weeks into the pregnancy.. Gestational hypertension is divided into 6 classifications, namely:. Gestational Hypertension: Also known as Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), it is the phenomenon wherein there is an ...
Sun, 12 November 17 20:27 Researchers at the UCD Centre for Human Reproduction conducted a randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of a medically supervised pregnancy exercise intervention in obese women as a strategy to improve maternal glycemia and gestational weight gain. The study published in Obstetrics & Gynaecology showed that an intensive, medically supervised exercise intervention for obese women from early pregnancy did not improve maternal glycemia. Pregnant women who are obese, however, should be advised to exercise because it attenuates excessive gestational weight gain. ...
Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester has wide differential diagnoses, the most common being a normal early intrauterine pregnancy, with other potential causes including spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is approximately 2% of all reported pregnancies and is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Clinical signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are often nonspecific. History of pelvic pain with bleeding and positive β-human chorionic gonadotropin should raise the possibility of ectopic pregnancy. Knowledge of the different locations of ectopic pregnancy is of utmost importance, in which ultrasound imaging plays a crucial role. This pictorial essay depicts sonographic findings and essential pitfalls in diagnosing ectopic pregnancy.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the third leading cause of infant mortality between birth and the first year of life in the United States. Along with the identification of various maternal risk factors, the role of fetal hypoxia has been hypothesized to be one of many causal factors associated with SIDS. The purpose of this study was to develop a profile of the SIDS infant and assess whether six pregnancy complications consistent with fetal hypoxia were associated with the increased outcome of SIDS. The secondary data analysis of Florida linked birth to death certificate data specific to Hillsborough County and Duval County were analyzed retrospectively for the period of time between 1998 and 2000. Of the 86, 342 births, 69 SIDS cases were identified, 34 in Hillsborough County and 35 in Duval County. A majority of the infants were White males with an average age of death of 80 days. The Chi-Square test for Independence with Cramers V, odds ratios and 95% confidence ...
Objective To examine whether a policy of home visits reduces the amount of antenatal care provided by hospital maternity units. Design A meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials. Setting 9 maternity units in France. Subjects 1410 women with pregnancy complications. Intervention 1 or 2 home visits a week by a midwife. Main outcome...
The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Early identification of women with preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at high risk of complications will aid in reducing this health burden. The fullPIERS model (Preeclampsia Integrated Estimate of Risk) was developed for predicting adverse maternal outcomes from preeclampsia using data from tertiary centers in high-income countries and uses maternal demographics, signs, symptoms, and laboratory tests as predictors. We aimed to assess the validity of the fullPIERS model in women with the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in low-resourced hospital settings. Using miniPIERS data collected on women admitted with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy between July 2008 and March 2012 in 7 hospitals in 5 low- and middle-income countries, the predicted probability of ...
The difference could threaten the health of babies born to obese women, study author Dr. Sarbattama Sen, a researcher in the Mother Infant Research Institute at Tufts Medical Center and Floating Hospital for Children in Boston, said in an American Academy of Pediatrics news release. "Women who are obese before pregnancy have critical differences in their immune function during pregnancy compared to normal-weight women, which has negative consequences for both mother and baby," Sen said. The issue is taking on added urgency due to the increasing numbers of obese women of reproductive age, Sen added. "Maternal obesity has consequences for the mother and baby, which we are only beginning to understand ...
Theyre able to give a type 2 diabetes treatment a test.Diabetic Eye Exams Brighton Mi A part of every new treatment diabetes plan consist of exercise. Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. Prevent Gestational Diabetes During Second Pregnancy Association Alabama last long without insulin injections after they weight because you cant fit as much of problematic and cause excess growth What is Prevent Gestational Diabetes During Second Pregnancy Association Alabama Diabetes Mellitus Type 2? Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the body fails to metabolise glucose (sugar) correctly. Diabetes Causes Uti Diabetes Causes Uti :: what is a good diabetic eakfast - The 3 Step Trick that Reverses Diabetes Permanently in As Little as 11 Days. Metformin and Weight Loss Started by deercotn but my doctor told me that Metformin is one of the only diabetes medications that doesnt cause weight gain.. Bonjour (dnssd.dll) is ...
Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. Common complications include gestational diabetes and anema. Learn about different complications and how to know when to call
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pregnant womens third trimester exercise behaviors, body mass index, and pregnancy outcomes. AU - Downs, Danielle Symons. AU - Hausenblas, Heather A.. PY - 2007/7/1. Y1 - 2007/7/1. N2 - Pregnancy and postpartum are determinants of sedentary and low active lifestyles. Before effective physical activity interventions are implemented within this population, it is necessary to prospectively examine, during each trimester, their exercise determinants and behaviors within a theoretical framework. The purposes of this study were to: (a) prospectively examine womens third trimester exercise intention and behavior using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and (b) examine group differences across the TPB constructs, body mass index (BMI), and birth outcomes for women exercising and not exercising during their third trimester. Participants were 62 pregnant women who completed self-report measures during their third trimester and 6-weeks postpartum. We found that: (a) ...
Read 1038 questions with answers, advice and tips about pregnancy complications from moms communities. Some of the questions from moms: Seeking Advise on Breach Baby, Bicornuate Uterus, Is It Possible to Leak Amniotic Fluid Started at 30 Weeks?
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of adverse child outcomes. One potential mechanism is the influence of antenatal depression on the foetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. This can be observed as disturbances in baseline cortisol secretion during childhood. The influence of antenatal depression on infant cortisol reactivity to a stressor may provide further insight into this association. In addition, the dose-response relationship between foetal exposure to antenatal depression and infant cortisol reactivity is unclear. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 133 pregnant women in their third trimester was recruited from an antenatal clinic in Karnataka, South India. Women were assessed for depression before and after birth on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Kessler 10 Scale. Salivary cortisol response to immunization was measured in 58 infants at 2 months of age. We aimed (i) to investigate the association between ...
This is a site for women facing a bleak pregnancy diagnosis, whether you share a blighted ovum, empty gestational sac diagnosis like me, or have had a threatened miscarriage, prfgnancy HCG or hormone levels, etc. Some women will experience symptoms similar to other conditions, such as premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, or a temporary bladder problem. Symptoms of early pregnancy can also be similar to symptoms experienced prior to the menstrual periodso a woman may not recognize the symptoms as related to pregnancy. Prgenancy folic acid before and during pregnancy can cut your childs risk of neutral tube defects by 50 to 75 percent. My will to live and enjoy life is back now that my family is saved. If you are a 35 year old woman with an online profile, you early pregnancy and orgasms be getting messages from younguns who havent early pregnancy and orgasms cleared college age yet. You may notice ...
(HealthDay)-Several first-time pregnancy complications are associated with development of hypertension (HTN) two to seven years later, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Finding out youre pregnant can be one of the most exciting times in your life. But it can also be one of the most overwhelming, leading to a whole host of questions and potential worries. These feelings are normal, especially for first-time moms. Lets take a look at this pregnancy complications list to see what some of the most common problems are.
But stretch marks after twin pregnancy may due to some other reasons and medical conditions too. Annoyed, she begged Shiva to go with her to the party in spite of her fathers wishes. This pregnancy symptom may often be helped by eating smaller, more frequent snack size meals. That is why the victims should consult with a childbirth injury attorney to know if they can file charges of medical malpractice against the sttetch medical professionals. I hope things get when to buy a bigger bra during pregnancy. Birth abstracts can be used for most purposes except genealogy and immigration. You see the stretch marks after twin pregnancy. Keeping your pregnancy a secret for a while will give you and your partner some time to absorb the idea privately. solitaire with solid band is perfect for those who prefer classic look marjs if you are cramping early in pregnancy 5 weeks who is more ptegnancy towards glamorous ...
New research may change the prevailing approach to treating neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), according to the authors of a New England Journal of Medicine article published last week. Currently, babies born to mothers who have used opioids, and who then suffer symptoms of withdrawal, are administered opioids and then tapered off over a 1-month period. The process requires a prolonged hospital stay. But the research team, at the Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University found that treatment with buprenorphine instead of morphine could reduce the therapy duration by one-half. Lead author Walter Kraft, MD, commented, "We predict that buprenorphine will become the new standard of care for NAS.". The clinical trial enrolled 63 infants with symptoms of NAS, randomly divided into treatment with either morphine or buprenorphine. Group assignment was blinded to both families and clinicians. The 30 infants treated with morphine needed an average of 28 days of therapy to fully control ...
Fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia are both conditions of placental etiology and associated to increased risk for the long-term development of cardiovascular disease in the mother. At presentation, preeclampsia is associated with maternal global diastolic dysfunction, which is determined, at least in part, by increased afterload and myocardial stiffness. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that women with normotensive fetal growth-restricted pregnancies also exhibit global diastolic dysfunction. This was a prospective case-control study conducted over a 3-year period involving 29 preterm fetal growth-restricted pregnancies, 25 preeclamptic with fetal growth restriction pregnancies, and 58 matched control pregnancies. Women were assessed by conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging at diagnosis of the complication and followed-up at 12 weeks postpartum. Fetal growth-restricted pregnancies are characterized by a lower cardiac index and higher total vascular ...
Treatment for Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD) and Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) using Spinal Touch Treatment. The Haven Healing Centre. Find comfort and relief from the pain of SPD, PGP, or hip, pelvic and spinal distortion using Spinal Touch Therapy.
The aim of this thesis was to examine a large cohort of women undergoing pregnancy assessment before 12 weeks gestation, collecting demographic, symptom and ultrasound data. I aimed to examine the role of prior risk factors and initial ultrasound findings in the prediction of first trimester viability of these pregnancies. Further, I aimed to develop and validate models to counsel women in future about the likely chance of viability for any individual pregnancy. The hypotheses were: (1) There are prior risk and ultrasound factors that can predict likely pregnancy viability, (2) These factors can be used to predict pregnancy loss or ongoing viability in any particular pregnancy and (3) In predicting outcome, both mathematical models } and simple rules (for everyday clinical use) can perform well. ) The prospective study included 1881 women, with median age 32 years and median gestational age at presentation of 50 days. 46% ...

Recent questions and answers in Parasitic Diseases - lookformedical.comRecent questions and answers in Parasitic Diseases - lookformedical.com

Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but ... Parasitic Diseases, Animal (1) * Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic (0) * Protozoan Infections (1) * Skin Diseases, Parasitic ( ... Welcome to lookformedical.com, where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community. ...
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Polish Society of Allergology statement on the diagnosis and treatment of severe, difficult-to-control bronchial asthma
	Polish Society of Allergology statement on the diagnosis and treatment of severe, difficult-to-control bronchial asthma

... did not show an increased risk of birth defects or complications during pregnancy and delivery [16]. The question how the ... Exclusion of parasitic infestations on the basis of the normal result of the faecal test ... The Xolair Pregnancy Registry (EXPECT): the safety of omalizumab use during pregnancy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015. 135:p. 407 ... The observation of pregnancies and health of the children from 169 pregnancies during which the mothers received omalizumab ( ...
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Helminth infection during pregnancy: insights from evolutionary ecolog | IJWHHelminth infection during pregnancy: insights from evolutionary ecolog | IJWH

Here, I review studies of helminth infections during pregnancy, and ask the following questions: Do helminths affect maternal ... For pregnant women, these complications might have implications for pregnancy outcomes or neonatal health. ... Helminths are parasitic nematodes and trematodes, grouped together because of morphological similarities and commonalities in ... What are the effects of antihelminth treatment during pregnancy? The evidence suggests that the answers to these questions ...
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Recent questions in Parasitic Diseases - lookformedical.comRecent questions in Parasitic Diseases - lookformedical.com

Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but ... Parasitic Diseases, Animal (1) * Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic (0) * Protozoan Infections (1) * Skin Diseases, Parasitic ( ... Welcome to lookformedical.com, where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community. ... To see more, click for the full list of questions or popular tags. ...
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Recent questions in Neurocysticercosis - lookformedical.comRecent questions in Neurocysticercosis - lookformedical.com

Parasitic Diseases, Animal (1) * Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic (0) * Protozoan Infections (1) * Skin Diseases, Parasitic ( ... Parasitic Diseases (5) * Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections (1) * Central Nervous System Helminthiasis (1) * ... Welcome to lookformedical.com, where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community. ... To see more, click for the full list of questions or popular tags. ...
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Infections pregnancy evidence based approach | Obstetrics and gynecology, reproductive medicine | Cambridge University PressInfections pregnancy evidence based approach | Obstetrics and gynecology, reproductive medicine | Cambridge University Press

Appendicitis in pregnancy Christine Helmy Samuel Azer. 24. Infectious complications associated with legal termination of ... fungal and parasitic diseases that affect women in pregnancy. This comprehensive book provides focused, relevant information, ... Dr Elkady is also an editor of Mastering Single Best Answer Questions for the Part 2 MRCOG Examination (Cambridge, 2017).. ... 1. Vaccination in pregnancy Akanksha Sood. 2. Viral hepatitis Rashda Imran. 3. HIV Maimoona Ahmed. 4. Herpes infections Rashda ...
more infohttps://www.cambridge.org/se/academic/subjects/medicine/obstetrics-and-gynecology-reproductive-medicine/infections-pregnancy-evidence-based-approach

Google Answers: Reserch classifying all known diseases known to man into 39 subcategoriesGoogle Answers: Reserch classifying all known diseases known to man into 39 subcategories

Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue Diseases of the ... Question ID: 146885 I heard that all the diseases known to man fall into 39 broad categories, how can I search the net to ... Infectious and parasitic diseases Neoplasms Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases and immunity disorders Diseases of ... Interesting question... I found no answers, but some references to the 39 diseases... Integrating Chinese and Western ...
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DAN | Medical Frequently Asked QuestionsDAN | Medical Frequently Asked Questions

In females pregnancy should always be ruled out.. Treatment: If appendicitis is suspected the patient should be evacuated to ... Leishmaniasis: A parasitic disease, leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. The skin form of the ... However, if an adult traveler from a developed nation contracts the disease, serious complications can occur. As a result, the ... DAN Medical Frequently Asked Questions Back to Medical FAQ List. Staying a step ahead of travel-related illnesses. Knowing the ...
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Our Global Voices | Blogs | CDCOur Global Voices | Blogs | CDC

Categories global health security, parasitic diseases. Tags diagnostic parasitology, diagnostics, DPDx, parasitic disease ... HIV and complications of childbirth are the leading causes of death among reproductive age women around the world, but above ... Each time the question for CDCs parasite identification laboratory, known as DPDx, is the same: Read More , ... Maternal health has improved in most regions of the world, with far fewer women dying during pregnancy and childbirth than 20 ...
more infohttps://blogs.cdc.gov/global/page/19/

Our Global Voices | Blogs | CDCOur Global Voices | Blogs | CDC

Categories global health security, parasitic diseases. Tags diagnostic parasitology, diagnostics, DPDx, parasitic disease ... HIV and complications of childbirth are the leading causes of death among reproductive age women around the world, but above ... Each time the question for CDCs parasite identification laboratory, known as DPDx, is the same: Read More , ... Maternal health has improved in most regions of the world, with far fewer women dying during pregnancy and childbirth than 20 ...
more infohttps://blogs.cdc.gov/global/page/19/?attachment_id

Stanford team cracks key immune proteins crystal structure, separating its yin from its yang - ScopeStanford team cracks key immune protein's crystal structure, separating its yin from its yang - Scope

... pregnancy complications and organ-transplant rejections. ... The question now is how to synthesize a molecule bearing a ... bacterial or parasitic pathogens. But too much of an immune response in the wrong circumstances can spell autoimmune and auto- ...
more infohttps://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2019/03/04/stanford-team-cracks-key-immune-proteins-crystal-structure-separating-its-yin-from-its-yang/

A Guide To Pregnancy - Top TipsA Guide To Pregnancy - Top Tips

Your pregnancy can be hard to deal with, or you can learn things about it that can help it to go better. Taking good care of ... Common spa treatments often incorporate essential oils, which can cause complications and contractions early in pregnancy. Stay ... Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic infection that can be passed to a pregnant woman through handling cat feces. Felines can carry the ... Take this opportunity to ask those important questions about what to expect.Make sure that you take a tour of your birthing ...
more infohttps://www.dailystrength.org/journals/a-guide-to-pregnancy-top-ti_1

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No questions in Granuloma - lookformedical.comNo questions in Granuloma - lookformedical.com

Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications (11) * Cardiovascular Diseases (38) * Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases (12) ... Parasitic Diseases (5) * Neoplasms (25) * Musculoskeletal Diseases (12) * Digestive System Diseases (29) ... Welcome to lookformedical.com, where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community. ... To see more, click for the full list of questions or popular tags. ...
more infohttps://www.lookformedical.com/answers/en/questions/diseases/pathological-conditions-signs-and-symptoms/pathologic-processes/granuloma

From Networking to Tensegrity Organization | Union of International AssociationsFrom Networking to Tensegrity Organization | Union of International Associations

WHO 630-678: Complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Smaller networks emerge within larger networks and may eventually break ... This raises the questions of how the concept of network growth should be conceived in relation to ongoing network processes. . ... Parasitic: What kinds of "parasites" can flourish on networks as hosts, being indebted to the latter for their sustenance, ... To what extent can this be viewed as a process of pregnancy and birth ? What disorders are liable to be associated with this ...
more infohttps://uia.org/archive/fnto/nd

Erythema nodosum - Renal and Urology NewsErythema nodosum - Renal and Urology News

Pregnancy, hormones All women of child-bearing age who present with EN should undergo pregnancy testing (urine pregnancy test ... Systemic Implications and Complications. As noted, EN is a cutaneous reaction pattern that may be seen as an isolated, ... The presence of arthritis and fever may be helpful, but in cases where the diagnosis is in question, clinicians are advised to ... and parasitic infestations (amebiasis, giardiasis). ... NSAIDs should not be used late in pregnancy.. Potassium iodide ...
more infohttps://www.renalandurologynews.com/dermatology/erythema-nodosum/article/594998/

What are the possible complications of S haematobium schistosomiasis (bilharzia)?What are the possible complications of S haematobium schistosomiasis (bilharzia)?

Parasitic central nervous system infections in immunocompromised hosts. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 1. 40(7):1005-15. [Medline]. ... Adam I, Elwasila el T, Homeida M. Is praziquantel therapy safe during pregnancy?. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Sep. 98(9):540 ... Need a Curbside Consult? Share cases and questions with Physicians on Medscape consult. Share a Case ... Savioli L, Crompton DW, Neira M. Use of anthelminthic drugs during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan. 188(1):5-6. [ ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/228392-31592/what-are-the-possible-complications-of-s-haematobium-schistosomiasis-bilharzia

Effect of HIV on the anti-CS2VSA antibody levels in the | Open-iEffect of HIV on the anti-CS2VSA antibody levels in the | Open-i

Pregnancy. *Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic/parasitology. *Treatment Outcome. *Young Adult. Related in: MedlinePlus ... Privacy • Accessibility • Freedom of Information Act • Frequently Asked Questions • Contact Us Open-i® and the Open i logo are ... Privacy • Accessibility • Freedom of Information Act • Frequently Asked Questions • Contact Us Open-i® and the Open i logo are ... Privacy • Accessibility • Freedom of Information Act • Frequently Asked Questions • Contact Us Open-i® and the Open i logo are ...
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Diabetes Treatment, Control, and Hospitalization Among Adults Aged 18 to 44 in Minnesota, 2013-2015Diabetes Treatment, Control, and Hospitalization Among Adults Aged 18 to 44 in Minnesota, 2013-2015

Complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. 9.4 (1,323). Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective ... Infectious and parasitic diseases. 4.9 (1,457). 9. Diseases of the respiratory system. 3.7 (526). Infectious and parasitic ... Only one answer is correct for each question. Once you successfully answer all post-test questions, you will be able to view ... The potential for pregnancy underscores the need to have blood glucose levels controlled whether or not a pregnancy is intended ...
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Martindales Gynecology Center: Gynecology Cases, Courses, Databases, Lectures, Videos, etc.Martindale's Gynecology Center: Gynecology Cases, Courses, Databases, Lectures, Videos, etc.

PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS Pregnancy Complications Guidelines, Lectures, Lessons, etc. FOR PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS SEE THE ... Parasitic Diseases DPDx - LABORATORY IDENTIFICATION OF PARASITIC DISEASES OF PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN - Division of Parasitic ... Each module is like a chapter in a workbook with reading material and study questions and case studies to assist you in ... Pregnancy Complications Mental Health/Psychiatry ~ Urogynecology Obstetrics, Pediatrics & Gynecology Resources Gynecology ...
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Workbook for ICD-10-CM/PCS Coding Theory and Practice, 2016 Edition - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource - 9780323449151Workbook for ICD-10-CM/PCS Coding Theory and Practice, 2016 Edition - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource - 9780323449151

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