A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. It is also able to hydrolyze 1,6-alpha-glucosidic bonds when the next bond in sequence is 1,4.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.
A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.
A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC 3.2.1.15.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Proteins found in any species of fungus.
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha- or beta-xylosidic linkages. EC 3.2.1.8 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.32 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.37 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans; and EC 3.2.1.72 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans. Other xylosidases have been identified that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha-xylosidic bonds.
Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.
A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic isolated from culture filtrates of Bacillus subtilis that acts as an antifungal agent.
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
Enzymes which catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in XYLANS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.
The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.
Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
An imperfect fungus present on most agricultural seeds and often responsible for the spoilage of seeds in bulk storage. It is also used in the production of fermented food or drink, especially in Japan.
A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.
A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for SOLANUM.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
Reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of a hydroxyl group of sugar alcohols to form a keto sugar, aldehyde or lactone. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.; EC 1.1.2. and EC 1.1.99.
The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.
A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.
An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-mannose residues in beta-D-mannosides. The enzyme plays a role in the lysosomal degradation of the N-glycosylprotein glycans. Defects in the lysosomal form of the enzyme in humans result in a buildup of mannoside intermediate metabolites and the disease BETA-MANNOSIDOSIS.
Oligosaccharides containing three monosaccharide units linked by glycosidic bonds.
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.
A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, coccoid bacteria that is part of the normal flora of the mouth, upper respiratory tract, and large intestine in humans. Its organisms cause infections of soft tissues and bacteremias.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for most outbreaks of meningococcal disease in Western Europe and the United States in the first half of the 20th century. They continue to be a major cause of disease in Asia and Africa, and especially localized epidemics in Sub-Sahara Africa.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-galactosides including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans, and galactolipids.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
Enzymes that catalyze the exohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glucosidic linkages with release of alpha-glucose. Deficiency of alpha-1,4-glucosidase may cause GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE II.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.
A xylosidase that catalyses the random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A group of MYCOTOXINS found in CORN contaminated with FUSARIUM fungus. They are chains of about 20 carbons with acidic ester, acetylamino and sometimes other substituents. They inhibit ceramide synthetase conversion of SPHINGOLIPIDS to CERAMIDES.
A genus of poisonous snakes of the subfamily Elapinae of the family ELAPIDAE. They comprise the kraits. Twelve species are recognized and all inhabit southeast Asia. They are considered extremely dangerous. (Moore: Poisonous Snakes of the World, 1980, p120)
A plant division. They are simple plants that lack vascular tissue and possess rudimentary rootlike organs (rhizoids). Like MOSSES, liverworts have alternation of generations between haploid gamete-bearing forms (gametophytes) and diploid spore-bearing forms (sporophytes).
An in vitro allergen radioimmunoassay in which allergens are coupled to an immunosorbent. The coupled allergens bind the IgE in the sera of patients which in turn binds radioisotope-labeled anti-IMMUNOGLOBULIN E antibodies.
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
Acidic water usually pH 2.5 to 4.5, which poisons the ecosystem and adversely affects plants, fishes, and mammals. It is caused by industrial pollutants, mainly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted into the atmosphere and returning to earth in the form of acidic rain water.
Yeast-like ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES isolated from exuded tree sap.
Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Enzymes that hydrolyze O-glucosyl-compounds. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.2.1.-.
A genus of fungus in the family Hypocreaceae, order HYPOCREALES. Anamorphs include TRICHODERMA.
Sugar alcohol dehydrogenases that have specificity for MANNITOL. Enzymes in this category are generally classified according to their preference for a specific reducing cofactor.
Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of fungi, and MYCOSES.
A chlorinated epoxy compound used as an industrial solvent. It is a strong skin irritant and carcinogen.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Acids derived from monosaccharides by the oxidation of the terminal (-CH2OH) group farthest removed from the carbonyl group to a (-COOH) group. (From Stedmans, 26th ed)
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.
A glycoside hydrolase found primarily in PLANTS and YEASTS. It has specificity for beta-D-fructofuranosides such as SUCROSE.
An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of CoA derivatives from ATP, acetate, and CoA to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl CoA. It acts also on propionates and acrylates. EC 6.2.1.1.
Enzymes that catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glycosidic linkages in STARCH; GLYCOGEN; and related POLYSACCHARIDES and OLIGOSACCHARIDES containing 3 or more 1,4-alpha-linked D-glucose units.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
A ketotriose compound. Its addition to blood preservation solutions results in better maintenance of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate levels during storage. It is readily phosphorylated to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by triokinase in erythrocytes. In combination with naphthoquinones it acts as a sunscreening agent.
A copper-containing oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 4-benzenediol to 4-benzosemiquinone. It also has activity towards a variety of O-quinols and P-quinols. It primarily found in FUNGI and is involved in LIGNIN degradation, pigment biosynthesis and detoxification of lignin-derived products.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)
Includes ortho-, meta-, and para-nitrophenylgalactosides.
A polychlorinated compound used for controlling a variety of insects. It is practically water-insoluble, but readily adheres to clay particles and persists in soil and water for several years. Its mode of action involves repetitive nerve-discharges positively correlated to increase in temperature. This compound is extremely toxic to most fish. (From Comp Biochem Physiol (C) 1993 Jul;105(3):347-61)
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Keto-pyrans.
A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.
The removal of a carboxyl group, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, from a chemical compound.
An examination, review and verification of all financial accounts.
Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments and thus effect whitening.
Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.
Oligosaccharides containing two monosaccharide units linked by a glycosidic bond.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A class of carbohydrates that contains five carbon atoms.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain hellebrin (BUFANOLIDES). The extract is the basis of Boicil preparation used to treat rheumatism.
A subclass of peptide hydrolases that depend on an ASPARTIC ACID residue for their activity.
Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from "parent" cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).
Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
An allosteric enzyme that regulates glycolysis by catalyzing the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to fructose-6-phosphate to yield fructose-1,6-bisphosphate. D-tagatose- 6-phosphate and sedoheptulose-7-phosphate also are acceptors. UTP, CTP, and ITP also are donors. In human phosphofructokinase-1, three types of subunits have been identified. They are PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE-1, MUSCLE TYPE; PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE-1, LIVER TYPE; and PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE-1, TYPE C; found in platelets, brain, and other tissues.
A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
Infections of the respiratory tract with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS. Infections may result in allergic reaction (ALLERGIC BRONCHOPULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS), colonization in pulmonary cavities as fungus balls (MYCETOMA), or lead to invasion of the lung parenchyma (INVASIVE PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS).
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.
The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
The mechanical process of cooling.
A triazole antifungal agent that inhibits cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes required for ERGOSTEROL synthesis.
Term used to designate tetrahydroxy aldehydic acids obtained by oxidation of hexose sugars, i.e. glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, etc. Historically, the name hexuronic acid was originally given to ascorbic acid.
Naphthalene derivatives carrying one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups at any ring position. They are often used in dyes and pigments, as antioxidants for rubber, fats, and oils, as insecticides, in pharmaceuticals, and in numerous other applications.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The chemical alteration of an exogenous substance by or in a biological system. The alteration may inactivate the compound or it may result in the production of an active metabolite of an inactive parent compound. The alterations may be divided into METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE I and METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE II.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
Compounds consisting of benzene rings linked to each other in either ortho, meta or para positions. Permitted are any substitutions, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A hexose or fermentable monosaccharide and isomer of glucose from manna, the ash Fraxinus ornus and related plants. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Derivatives of OXALOACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include a 2-keto-1,4-carboxy aliphatic structure.
Polyacenes with four ortho-fused benzene rings in a straight linear arrangement. This group is best known for the subclass called TETRACYCLINES.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for its sour fruit.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
An analytical technique for resolution of a chemical mixture into its component compounds. Compounds are separated on an adsorbent paper (stationary phase) by their varied degree of solubility/mobility in the eluting solvent (mobile phase).
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
A polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. Sorbitol occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. It was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures. It is also used in many manufacturing processes, as a pharmaceutical aid, and in several research applications.
The pH in solutions of proteins and related compounds at which the dipolar ions are at a maximum.
Glycoside hydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha or beta linked MANNOSE.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
An order of zygomycetous fungi, usually saprophytic, causing damage to food in storage, but which may cause respiratory infection or MUCORMYCOSIS in persons suffering from other debilitating diseases.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Substances of fungal origin that have antigenic activity.
Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 28S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
A genus of fungi in the family Corticiaceae, order Stereales, that degrades lignin. The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a frequently used species in research.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Enzymes that catalyze reversibly the formation of an epoxide or arene oxide from a glycol or aromatic diol, respectively.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A homologous group of cyclic GLUCANS consisting of alpha-1,4 bound glucose units obtained by the action of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on starch or similar substrates. The enzyme is produced by certain species of Bacillus. Cyclodextrins form inclusion complexes with a wide variety of substances.
The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.

Donor funding for health reform in Africa: is non-project assistance the right prescription? (1/136)

During the past 10 years, donors have recognized the need for major reforms to achieve sustainable development. Using non-project assistance they have attempted to leverage reforms by offering financing conditioned on the enactment of reform. The experience of USAID's health reform programmes in Niger and Nigeria suggest these programmes have proved more difficult to implement than expected. When a country has in place a high level of fiscal accountability and high institutional capacity, programmes of conditioned non-project assistance may be more effective in achieving reforms than traditional project assistance. However, when these elements are lacking, as they were in Niger, non-project assistance offers nothing inherently superior than traditional project assistance. Non-project assistance may be most effective for assisting the implementation of policy reforms adopted by the host government.  (+info)

The impact of alternative cost recovery schemes on access and equity in Niger. (2/136)

The authors examine accessibility and the sustainability of quality health care in a rural setting under two alternative cost recovery methods, a fee-for-service method and a type of social financing (risk-sharing) strategy based on an annual tax+fee-for-service. Both methods were accompanied by similar interventions aimed at improving the quality of primary health services. Based on pilot tests of cost recovery in the non-hospital sector in Niger, the article presents results from baseline and final survey data, as well as from facility utilization, cost, and revenue data collected in two test districts and a control district. Cost recovery accompanied by quality improvements increases equity and access to health care and the type of cost recovery method used can make a difference. In Niger, higher access for women, children, and the poor resulted from the tax+fee method, than from the pure fee-for-service method. Moreover, revenue generation per capita under the tax+fee method was two times higher than under the fee-for-service method, suggesting that the prospects of sustainability were better under the social financing strategy. However, sustainability under cost recovery and improved quality depends as much on policy measures aimed at cost containment, particularly for drugs, as on specific cost recovery methods.  (+info)

Protecting the poor under cost recovery: the role of means testing. (3/136)

In African health sectors, the importance of protecting the very poor has been underscored by increased reliance on user fees to help finance services. This paper presents a conceptual framework for understanding the role means testing can play in promoting equity under health care cost recovery. Means testing is placed in the broader context of targeting and contrasted with other mechanisms. Criteria for evaluating outcomes are established and used to analyze previous means testing experience in Africa. A survey of experience finds a general pattern of informal, low-accuracy, low-cost means testing in Africa. Detailed household data from a recent cost recovery experiment in Niger, West Africa, provides an unusual opportunity to observe outcomes of a characteristically informal means testing system. Findings from Niger suggest that achieving both the revenue raising and equity potential of cost recovery in sub-Saharan Africa will require finding ways to improve informal means testing processes.  (+info)

Improving quality through cost recovery in Niger. (4/136)

New evidence on the quality of health care from public services in Niger is discussed in terms of the relationships between quality, costs, cost-effectiveness and financing. Although structural attributes of quality appeared to improve with the pilot project in Niger, significant gaps in the implementation of diagnostic and treatment protocols were observed, particularly in monitoring vital signs, diagnostic examination and provider-patient communications. Quality improvements required significant investments in both fixed and variable costs; however, many of these costs were basic input requirements for operation. It is likely that optimal cost-effectiveness of services was not achieved because of the noted deficiencies in quality. In the test district of Boboye, the revenues from the copayments alone covered about 34% of the costs of medicines or about 20% of costs of drugs and administration. In Say, user fees covered about 50-55% of the costs of medicines or 35-40% of the amount spent on medicines and cost-recovery administration. In Boboye, taxes plus the additional copayments covered 120-180% of the cost of medicines, or 75-105% of the cost of medicines plus administration of cost recovery. Decentralized management and legal conditions in the pilot districts appeared to provide the necessary structure to ensure that the revenues and taxes collected would be channelled to pay for quality improvements.  (+info)

Increasing the utilization of cost-effective health services through changes in demand. (5/136)

Attaining efficiency in a health care system with a budget constraint involves increasing the utilization of the most cost-effective services. This can be achieved by adjustments to prices, cost curves, or demand curves. In this paper, the potential for demand curve adjustments is examined by selecting two apparently cost-effective services (prenatal care and childhood immunization against tuberculosis), and analyzing the factors explaining their utilization. Data from recent household surveys in Burkina Faso and Niger are used. A multivariate analysis of utilization employs income, price, and taste variables. Utilization is highly sensitive to the distance which must be travelled to the health facility, a price, and taste variables. Utilization is highly sensitive to the distance which must be travelled to the health facility, a price variable. Members of certain ethnic groups tend to use the services less, other things being equal. The importance of demand-side factors like ethnicity points to certain kinds of policy interventions like information, education and communication activities which could increase the utilization of cost-effective services.  (+info)

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esearch note: does cost recovery for curative care affect preventive care utilization?  (+info)

User fees and patient behaviour: evidence from Niamey National Hospital. (7/136)

Evidence is presented on the effects of price changes on the delay before seeking care and on referral status in a sample of hospital patients in Niger. Price changes are measured as differences across patients at one hospital in whether or not they pay for care, rather than as differences in prices across several hospitals. User fees are charged, but the fee system allows exemptions for some payor categories such as government employees, students, and indigent patients. Evidence is also presented on the effect of income on the delay before seeking care and referral status. The analysis demonstrates a technical point on whether household consumption or current income is a more appropriate measure of income. The analysis shows that user fees affect patient behaviour, but the effects are not the same for outpatients and inpatients. Outpatients who pay for care wait longer before seeking care, but inpatients do not. Inpatients who pay for care are more likely to be referred, but outpatients are not. Patients with more income wait less time to seek care and are less likely to be referred than other patients. Further, household consumption explains patient behaviour better than current income.  (+info)

Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, 1981-96. (8/136)

In the African meningitis belt the importance of endemic meningitis is not as well recognized as that of epidemics of meningococcal meningitis that occur from time to time. Using retrospective surveillance, we identified a total of 7078 cases of laboratory-diagnosed bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, from 1981 to 1996. The majority (57.7%) were caused by Neisseria meningitidis, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (13.2%) and Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) (9.5%). The mean annual incidence of bacterial meningitis was 101 per 100,000 population (70 per 100,000 during 11 non-epidemic years) and the average annual mortality rate was 17 deaths per 100,000. Over a 7-year period (including one major epidemic year) for which data were available, S. pneumoniae and Hib together caused more meningitis deaths than N. meningitidis. Meningitis cases were more common among males and occurred mostly during the dry season. Serogroup A caused 85.6% of meningococcal meningitis cases during the period investigated; three-quarters of these occurred among children aged < 15 years, and over 40% among under-5-year-olds. Both incidence and mortality rates were highest among infants aged < 1 year. In this age group, Hib was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, followed by S. pneumoniae. The predominant cause of meningitis in persons aged 1-40 years was N. meningitidis. Use of the available vaccines against meningitis due to N. meningitidis, S. pneumoniae, and Hib could prevent substantial endemic illness and deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, and potentially prevent recurrent meningococcal epidemics.  (+info)

Located in front of the Niger river and the National museum of Niamey, Gaweye Hotel is happy to accomodate you within an exceptional place, at a few minutes of the centre town and the business center.
Weather in Niamey in October - Temperature, Rainfall & Sunshine. Check How Hot & Sunny It Is Before You Book Your Next Holiday in 2018 to Niamey, Niger
The current World Health Organization recommendations for response during measles epidemics focus on case management rather than outbreak response vaccination (ORV) campaigns, which may occur too late to impact morbidity and mortality and have a high cost per case prevented. Here, we explore the potential impact of an ORV campaign conducted during the 2003-2004 measles epidemic in Niamey, Niger. We measured the impact of this intervention and also the potential impact of alternative strategies. Using a unique geographical, epidemiologic and demographic dataset collected during the epidemic, we developed an individual-based simulation model. We estimate that a median of 7.6% [4.9-8.9] of cases were potentially averted as a result of the outbreak response, which vaccinated approximately 57% (84 563 of an estimated 148 600) of children in the target age range (6-59 months), 23 weeks after the epidemic started. We found that intervening early (up to 60 days after the start of the epidemic) and ...
Niger Map Art Print Wall Decor, Niger Poster African Art Print, Niamey Niger West Africa, African Map PosterTITLE: NigerIdeal for decorating your living room, kids bedroom, or office* Printed on premium photo paper luster* This print is unmatted & unframed* Also available as a black and white monoc
Témoris Grecko I arrived in Niamey, the capital of the poorest country in the world, Niger (not Nigeria!). I had the most interesting bus trip from Gao, meeting really weird people. After the kidnapping and murder of two French guys here, and because of Mondays presidential elections, foreigners are not allowed to travel to the…
U.S Embassy Niamey informs U.S. citizens the restriction for U.S. Embassy personnel prohibiting travel to Park W are no longer in effect. The Embassy continues to require that all U.S. Embassy personnel stay in hotels with an armed Nigerien security presence.. U.S. citizens are encouraged to review your personal security plans and remain aware of your surroundings, including at local events; and monitor local news stations for updates. Be vigilant and take appropriate steps to enhance your personal security and follow instructions of local authorities. U.S citizens traveling or residing in Niger should review the information and guidance found in the Travel Warning for Niger.. For further information:. ...
Africa Mining Intelligences sources in Niamey say the government has responded to the stalemate in talks on renewing Arevas mining
Compare 5 hotels in Niamey using 22 real guest reviews. Earn free nights and get our Price Guarantee - booking has never been easier on Hotels.com!
BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) is rare. The objective of the study is to report clinicopathological characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes of MBC. METHODS: This study, which includes two parts (retrospective and prospective), focused on all hospitalized male patients with breast cancer during 17 years (1992 2008) with histological confirmation. RESULTS: The series included 22 patients. The mean age was 52.8 years (range: 28 80 years). MBC represented 5.7% of all breast cancers. Most patients had an advanced disease with skin ulceration and inflammation T3 (31.9%) and T4 (59.1%). The majority of patients came from rural areas (63.6%). The duration of signs ranged from 1 to 7 years. Histology found infiltrating ductal carcinoma in 14 cases (63.6%), sarcoma in 3 cases (13.6%), papillary carcinoma in 2 cases (9%), and lobular carcinoma, medullar carcinoma, and mucinous carcinoma in 4.6% each of the others cases. The treatment had consisted to a radical mastectomy (Halsted or Patey) in 19
Niamey, 8 July 2019: - Prof. Benedict Oramah, President of the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank), yesterday in Niamey, addressed the 12th Extraordinary Summit of African Union (AU) Heads of State, announcing a series of initiatives to support the implementation of the Agreement for the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).. Prof. Oramah told the heads of state, who were gathered to mark the start of the operational phase of the AfCFTA, that Afreximbank was instituting a $1-billion AfCFTA Adjustment Facility to enable countries adjust in an orderly manner to sudden significant tariff revenue losses as a result of the implementation of the agreement.. This facility will help countries to accelerate the ratification of the AfCFTA, he said, telling the heads of state that, by starting the operational phase of the AfCFTA, you have started a movement.. You must not look back, continued the President. This movement is now unstoppable.. He added that, as part of its support for ...
NIAMEY, Feb 20 - UN chief Ban Ki-moon added his voice to international condemnation of a coup that toppled Nigers president, but in the capital Niamey th - Kenya breaking news | Kenya news today | Capitalfm.co.ke
Niamey (ICRC) - Twenty-five officers of the army, the gendarmerie and the national intervention and security forces began a train-the-trainers course in international humanitarian law in Niamey today.
Reposted from World Vaccine Congress. What technology has had the biggest impact on vaccine supply chains over the last 10 years?. There is no magic bullet that has revolutionized vaccine supply chains over the last ten years. Instead, a range of technologies working in concert with one another have contributed to more effective and efficient supply chains. Developments in cold chain technology, data gathering and analytics, and even in transportation have all had significant impacts on the availability of vaccines. These technologies all must work in-sync with each other to provide both the infrastructure and information needed to ensure vaccines are available where and when they are needed and in the right condition. We must also ensure these technologies are appropriate and available at all levels of the supply chain. As a global community, we have greatly improved the systems, infrastructure and financing to ensure sufficient vaccines reach low-resource countries, but the real impact comes ...
Supply Chain Logistics workers plan, execute, monitor, and otherwise facilitate the transportation of people, animals, goods, and other cargo from one place to another. Companies According to the 2020 U.S. Bureau of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook, supply chain professionals with a bachelors degree earned a median salary of $74,750 (May 2019). Jobs According to PayScale, average starting salaries for business majors with a bachelors degree in supply chain management exceed $50,000. Salary estimates are based on 7,169 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Logistics and Supply Chain Management employees. Two-thirds of supply chain managers have a bachelors degree, while 19 percent have a masters degree and 10 percent pursue some kind of post-baccalaureate certificate like a Graduate Certificate in Optimization and Supply Chain Management. However, due to complex logistics and supply chains, companies prefer to hire workers who have at least a bachelors degree. The average salary ...
The College of Business, Engineering and Technology is proud to announce that Supply Chain Management coursework will be available in the Fall 2016 semester. Undergraduate CBET students will have the opportunity to earn a Bachelors in Business Administration with a concentration in Supply Chain Management, and non-CBET students will be able to earn a minor in Supply Chain Management. Graduate students will be able to pursue an MBA with a concentration in Supply Chain Management. The sky is the limit in Supply Chain Management (SCM). SCM provides an exciting and rewarding path of study in which students learn skills which directly lead to increased business profitability. Careers in SCM take many paths and end up with a multitude of career options. Skills acquired via the Supply Chain concentration are in high demand. By completing a degree in Supply Chain Management, students will set themselves apart to succeed in business. Students will develop analytical skills in learning about inventory ...
Sendzimir, J., C. P. Reij, and P. Magnuszewski. 2011. Rebuilding resilience in the Sahel: regreening in the Maradi and Zinder regions of Niger. Ecology and Society 16(3):1. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-04198-160301
Intro/Outro (00:03):. Welcome to supply chain. Now the voice of global supply chain supply chain now focuses on the best in the business for our worldwide audience, the people, the technologies, the best practices, and todays critical issues. The challenges and opportunities stay tuned to hear from those making global business happen right here on supply chain now.. Scott Luton (00:31):. Hey, good afternoon, everybody. Scott Luton and Karin Bursa right here with you on supply chain now. Welcome to todays live stream Karin. How are we doing?. Karin Bursa (00:40):. We are doing great. Have you been outside today? It is gorgeous. Yes,. Scott Luton (00:44):. I can. We havent been outside today. Its been a long day. My kids are fed the birds, let the dogs out. So those normal excuses of getting out there and drink a bit of coffee. Ive not. So its gorgeous here in the Metro Atlanta areas. All right.. Karin Bursa (00:56):. It is gorgeous. Yeah, I guess weve got a cool front coming through. So, ...
Purpose - The aim of this paper is to develop a research agenda for risk and supply chain management. This is achieved by reviewing the literature on supply chain risk and locating it within the general literature on risk. Design/methodology/approach - A review of the general literature on risk and the specific literature on supply chain risk was undertaken.. Findings - The paper shows that there are a number of key debates in the general literature on risk, especially in terms of qualitative versus quantitative approaches, which need to be recognised by those seeking to apply risk theory and risk management approaches to supply chains. In addition, the paper shows that the application of risk theory to supply chain management is still in its early stages and that the models of supply chain risk which have been proposed need to be tested empirically.. Research limitations/implications - This is a literature review and, therefore, is based on secondary rather than primary sources.. Practical ...
Supply chain assumes a unique business process without inter-company boundaries. Each supply chain partner is important for achievement of customer requirements. On the one hand, supply chain is an inexhaustible source of competitive advantage, created by the companies, which constitute it. However, on the other hand, due to its complexness, supply chain is an easy target of numerous factors, which jeopardize its competitiveness. Some of those factors are: turbulence, deliberate threats, external pressures, resource limits, sensitivity, and supplier/customer disruptions. Successful dealing with those factors assumes establishment of mechanisms for increasing supply chain resilience. Many researches indicate that some factors have greater influence on supply chain disruption and discontinuance. If those factors can be isolated, it will be easier to manage them or to avoid their influence. Therefore, the objective of the research presented in this paper is identification of the most frequent ...
Large companies can segment their supply chains to improve profits and reduce supply chain fragility. For high-volume commodity items with low demand uncertainty, the supply chain should have specialized and decentralized capacity. For its fast-moving basic products (typically, low margin), it may be worthwhile to … source from multiple low-cost suppliers. … This reduces cost while also reducing the impact of a disruption at any single location, because other suppliers are producing the same item. For low-volume products with high demand uncertainty (typically, high margin), companies can take a different approach and keep supply chains flexible, with capacity that is centralized to aggregate demand. Even when production is centralized, the supply chain needs to be flexible to avoid concentrating risk in a single plant or production line. … Practically speaking, this level of segmentation may not be feasible for small companies lacking sufficient scale. … Supply chains can and should ...
NIGER, Maradi, village Dan Bako, villager fetch water from well with pulley with power of oxes / Dorfbewohner holen mit Kraft der Ochsen Wasserüber eine Seilwinde aus einem tiefen Brunnen
Dogon Marké local information and maps. Dogon Marké is a populated place in Maradi, Niger, Africa. Dogon Marke is also known as Dongo Marke, Dongo Marké.
malnourished, including some 87,000 severely malnourished. The most affected regions are Diffa, Maradi, Zinder, and Tahoua. Acute severe malnutrition has increased to 3.2 percent from 2.1 percent a year ago. Throughout the country, with the exception of the Diffa region, children younger than three are twice as affected by acute malnutrition than older children (21.7 percent compared with 9.5 percent). More boys than girls are malnourished. The rate is higher than one death per 10,000 children a day but remains below the humanitarian communitys emergency threshold of two deaths per 10,000 children a day, except in the Zinder region. Similar to 2009, nearly half of Nigers children are chronically undernourished and lacking life-sustaining nutrients. In Zinder region, six children in 10 do not eat enough on a daily basis to maintain natural physical activity. In Niamey, 17 percent of children suffer from under-nutrition. A fifth of the surveyed children nationwide are severely chronically ...
Background There are 146 million underweight children in the developing world, which contribute to up to half of the worlds child deaths. In high burden regions for malnutrition, the treatment of individual children is limited by available resources. Here, we evaluate a large-scale distribution of a nutritional supplement on the prevention of wasting. Methods and Findings A new ready-to-use food (RUF) was developed as a diet supplement for children under three. The intervention consisted of six monthly distributions of RUF during the 2007 hunger gap in a district of Maradi region, Niger, for approximately 60,000 children (length: 60-85 cm). At each distribution, all children over 65 cm had their Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) recorded. Admission trends for severe wasting (WFH|70% NCHS) in Maradi, 2002-2005 show an increase every year during the hunger gap. In contrast, in 2007, throughout the period of the distribution, the incidence of severe acute malnutrition (MUAC|110 mm) remained at extremely
About ten years ago, a few organizations begin exploring novel ways to address immunization supply chain issues, both long-standing-high rates of vaccine waste, overburdened health workers, and inaccurate data-and emerging-lack of storage capacity, sensitivity to cold, and poor fridge maintenance. In 2011, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, put money and muscle into leading partners in the development of a global supply chain strategy. UNICEF staffed up its supply chain expertise. Technical partners like John Snow Inc., PATH, VillageReach, and Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) rallied around a common set of fundamentals, working with country governments and industry partners to introduce new supply chain technologies and strategies. Most importantly, countries assessed and improved the performance of their supply chains, striving for the benchmarks set in the World Health Organizations (WHO) Effective Vaccine Management assessment process. The hard-won progress in data collection and use, cold ...
Product quality is the most important supply chain initiative for manufacturers and retailers in 2010, according to a recent survey conducted by analyst firm IDC. The survey was designed to identify the top business and supply chain issues, as well as how manufacturers and retailers expect to leverage IT resources to address those objectives and challenges.. Reducing costs was the top supply chain priority for respondents, and there was significant interest in improving forecasting capability and accuracy as well as improving responsiveness to demand changes. As companies begin to recover from the recession, managing the ability to respond to change and prepare for the return of demand is increasingly critical for business success.. When asked about the top three supply chain IT application investments planned for the next 12 months, Sales & Operations Planning (S&OP) topped the list for both retailers and manufacturers. This acknowledges the supply chains need for better coordination with ...
Supply Chain Management Practices Of Manufacturing Industries, 978-3-659-27032-1, Effective supply chain management (SCM) practices has become a potentially valuable way for improving organizational performance since competition is no longer between organizations, but among supply chains. This research conceptualizes and empirically tests the SCM practices. Primary data for the study were collected from 255 executives of manufacturing firms using structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using simple mean, chi-square test, independent sample T-test, Analysis of Variance, factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminate analysis, correspondence analysis, canonical correlation and Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). This study has endeavored to analyze the differences existing among the manufacturing firms with respect to supply chain management practices in an Indian context. Understanding the features of manufacturing firms with respect to their supply chain management practices will be of immense
Supply chain risk has fallen slightly from its all-time peak last year, writes Paul Snell, but businesses must remain vigilant about the threats it poses, according to the first quarterly Risk Index published by [the Chartered Institute of Purchasing & Supply]. [Supply chain risk falls, but businesses urged to remain vigilant, Supply Management, 6 May 2014] If youre a risk manager, I wouldnt let the slight decrease in risk fool you. In fact, the news release that announced the Risk Index stressed, Supply chain risk has continued to grow since the economic crisis, reaching its highest ever level last year. And thats the message that Brian Groom gleaned from the Index. The risk of disruption to corporate supply chains is running at near-record levels despite signs of improvement this year, he writes, according to an index created by the global trade body for purchasing managers. [Risk to corporate supply chains at near-record levels, Financial Times, 5 May 2014] And you should ...
Across industries, managing the social and environmental impacts in each companys supply chain has become increasingly important. Leading companies recognize that supply chain sustainability programs create value through mitigating risk, increasing resource efficiency to find cost savings, driving innovation through supplier collaboration, and more.. The Supply Chain Leadership Ladder is a maturity model that BSR has developed for companies to evaluate and evolve their approach to supply chain sustainability, so they can tailor their approach and ensure the company is getting value from its program. This practical webinar features Jorgette Mariñez and Tara Norton, two experts in responsible procurement who will help you to learn to develop and improve your approach to supply chain sustainability.. ...
The Supply Chain Matters blog features our latest edition of our supply chain management technology centric news capsule: This Week in Supply Chain Management Tech.. This series presents a brief synopsis of noteworthy supply chain management technology as well as business investment news which we believe would be of specific interest to our global-based blog readership. Our most recent publishing of this column series occurred on April 28th and previously on February 5th.. This has been an extremely active period of announcements related to technology, especially in the Cloud based logistics and transportation visibility segment. We have been hard at-work trying to keep-up, including significant developments this week.. Included in this edition are highlights of noteworthy announcements and/or developments from:. JD Logistics IPO. E2opens Acquisition of BluJay Solutions. Project44s Acquisition of ClearMetal. Siemens Acquisition of Supplyframe. Avetta Acquisition of Pegasus. FarEye Announced ...
More than 1,000 protesters marched to the offices of Areva in Nigers capital Niamey on Saturday to demand that the French nuclear firm pay more taxes in the West African country, police said. Organizers said that as many as 2,000 people took part in the march, which came as state-controlled Areva
We can no longer think of supply chains as linear models, or logistics as process flows. Supply Chain and its correlative Logistics are complex networks - the products and information flows travel within and between nodes in a variety of networks that link organizations, industries and economies.. Holistically, there is only limited value in separating supply chain and logistics into management hierarchies, with supply chain at the top of the organizational pyramid and logistics providing support. SCL is a business eco-system that has evolved in the 21st Century to reflect the increased complexity of world trade - highly competitive, super connected and changing fast, amidst a volatile global environment.. Fundamentally, we buy; we transport; we warehouse [deploy]; we replenish [inventory]; we distribute; we deliver in an international trade environment [import/export]. Strategically, SCL Eco-systems are business enablers, revenue drivers and competitive differentiators. Competition has been ...
Over the last decade, investments made by the Government of Tanzania toward the strengthening of public health supply chains in that country have had a positive impact on the health and well-being of its citizens. Both the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT and Supply Chain Management System (SCMS)-working in concert with the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly, and Children- have made significant contributions in making supply chains more effective and efficient.
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Last month, Germany hosted the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial Meeting. In their final declaration, ministers recognised that labour rights abuses cannot be part of the competition and made a commitment to strengthen compliance with fundamental principles and rights at work in global supply chains. They called for accelerated action to end child labour and modern slavery in global supply chains and underlined the responsibility of businesses to conduct due diligence to ensure that human rights are respected in their operations.. Last but not least, the ministers reiterated their support for a decision taken last year by the International Labour Conference-the global summit of governments, workers, and employers - to consider whether a new, legally binding international standard on decent work on global supply chains is needed.. These commitments are important, as they move the international agenda on global supply chains forward and bring on board allies from within the G20-a group ...
Level: MSc. Research area/discipline: Software Engineering. Prerequisites: Short description: A Digital Twin is a digital equivalent of a real-life object of which it mirrors its behaviour and states over its lifetime in a virtual space. Using Digital Twins as a central means for supply chain management enables the decoupling of physical flows from its planning and control. As a consequence, supply chain operations can be remotely controlled based on (near) real-time digital information instead of having to rely on direct observation and manual tasks on-site. This allows supply chain managers to act immediately in case of (expected) quality deviations and to simulate effects of interventions based on real-life data. Objectives:. The main objective of this research, which may comprise multiple thesis projects, is to investigate the implications of virtualization on food and flowers supply chain management. It especially aims to study how Digital Twins can advance quality management of perishable ...
Integrated supply chain models provide an opportunity to optimize costs and production times in the supply chain while taking into consideration the many steps in the production and delivery process and the many constraints on time, shared resources, and throughput capabilities. In this work, mixed integer linear programming (MILP) models are developed to describe the manufacturing plant, consolidation transport, and distribution center components of the supply chain. Initial optimization results are obtained for each of these models. Additionally, an integrated model including a single plant, multiple consolidation transport vehicles, and a single distribution center is formulated and initial results are obtained. All models are implemented and optimized for their given objectives using a standard MILP solver. Initial optimization results suggest that it is intractable to solve problems of relevant scale using standard MILP solvers. The natural hierarchical structure in the supply chain problem ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - GIS-enabled biomass-ethanol supply chain optimization. T2 - Model development and Miscanthus application. AU - Lin, Tao. AU - Rodriguez, Luis F. AU - Shastri, Yogendra N.. AU - Hansen, Alan Christopher. AU - Ting, Kuan Chong. PY - 2013/5/1. Y1 - 2013/5/1. N2 - To ensure effective biomass feedstock provision for large-scale ethanol production, a three-stage supply chain was proposed to include biomass supply sites, centralized storage and pre-processing (CSP) sites, and biorefinery sites. A GIS-enabled biomass supply chain optimization model (BioScope) was developed to minimize annual biomass-ethanol production costs by selectingthe optimal numbers, locations, and capacities of farms, CSPs, and biorefineries as well as identifying the optimal biomass flow pattern from farms to biorefineries. The model was implemented to study the Miscanthus-ethanol supply chain in Illinois. The results of the baseline case, assuming 2% of cropland is allocated for Miscanthus production, showed ...
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Accenture in talks to acquire french consulting company Sliveo to reinvent supply chain and manufacturing processes. Who is Silveo? Founded in 2014, Silveo is a french consultant firm that aims to provide supply chain and manufacturing solutions to its clients that drive innovation. Key stats: Turnover in 2018: US$8mn No. of consultants: 50 CEO: Karim...
Since the beginning of the outbreak on 5 July 2018, a total of 2,013 suspected cholera cases, including 37 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.8%), have been reported.. Ninety-two percent (1,842) and 81% (30) of the reported cases and deaths, respectively, came from Madarounfa District. Maradi District registered 154 cases and seven deaths, according to health officials.. The good news is that officials note a slight reduction in the disease trend observed during the past two weeks.. The ongoing heavy rainfall and floods being experienced in parts of the region could exacerbate the risk of contamination of water sources. The latest water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assessment carried out by UNICEF and WHO estimates that only 37% of the population in Maradi Region has access to basic sources of potable water.. On the other hand, 75% of the population are said to practice open defecation, with only 10% having access to basic sanitation. These factors, coupled with the limitations in the response, are ...
No fewer than 20 have died of the disease in the capital, Niamey.. However, measures have been taken since January to fight the epidemic.. The ministry added that the government has distributed drugs in hospitals across the country to treat any suspected cases.. Report says over 132,000 people have been vaccinated against the disease from February to March in an ongoing vaccination campaign.. It said that in 2015, meningitis killed over 573 people out of 8,500 cases detected in Niger.. ...
In August of 2005, humanitarian action in favour of severely and moderately malnourished children was finally triggered on a wide scale. Thanks to support from the Regional Office for Western Africa and Headquarters, the Niamey Country Office has played an effective, decisive role in the process by assuming technical leadership and a coordination role in the area of nutrition through its support to the Ministry of Public Health and in cooperation with NGOs in the field. The initial objective was to offer services best suited to the population that had not been available so far in order to save childrens lives. Quality assurance was developed through the adoption of a protocol for the management of malnutrition, the establishment of training programmes for its use, and the design of a monitoring system. Quality assurance has been in a state of constant improvement since September 2005, at which date a strengthening of qualified human resources clearly took place at the central as well as the ...
Championship Playoff Final Table: 1.Olympique Niamey 6 11 2.Sahel SC 6 7 3.Zumunta AC 6 4 4.Espoirs Zinder 6 3 NB: one point too many; possibly one club received a bonus point for its performance in the regular season 1981 1991 list of champions list of cup winners ...
NIAMEY, Niger, The harvest and pastoral season in late 2010 has not yielded positive nutritional results for children in Niger, as expected, with more than 15 children in 100 still suffering from a...
NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - The British aid agency Oxfam says millions of dollars are needed urgently to stop a hunger crisis in Niger turning into a catastrophe.
Niger is a republic in sub-saharan Africa. It is not a very rich country despite some natural resources. Lately it has been faced with turmoil caused by Boko Haram terrorists. Therefore the French, former colonist, supplies knowledge and also some hardware. This arrived in the shape of three Gazelle helicopters. The Americans supplied two Ce208. Also, this meant that the country operates jet fighters for the first time with two Su-25 being sourced from Ukraine. Together with the new Mi-35P this makes the small air force more potent than it ever was.. Not much is known about the order ot battle. All squadrons are based at Base Aérienne No.101 Niamey but can be deployed to other places as well, when the safety and security situation requires. At that base, France invested in a UAV stronghold as well to combat the terrorists in the region.. ...
Anthrax, Niger Information received on 05/10/2019 from Dr Issiako Abdou, Directeur g n ral des Services v terinaires, Direction de la Sant Animale, Minist re de lAgriculture et de lElevage, Niamey, Niger Summary Report type Immediate notification
The Communications Minister Ursula Owusu Ekuful has said Ghanas Communications sector is ready to fully take advantage of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).. The operational phase of the AfCFTA was launched in Niamey, Niger on July 7, 2019, and would be one of the largest free trade areas since the formation of the World Trade Organisation, given Africas current population of 1.2 billion people, which is expected to grow to 2.5 billion by 2050.. Ghana would host the secretariat of the AfCFTA, having prevailed over six other countries that had also expressed interest in hosting it.. Addressing a ministerial panel discussion on the implementation of the AfCTA on Tuesday 20, August Mrs Owusu Ekuful said the sector under her stewardship is ready for the opportunities that the AfCTA would present.. The Communication Sector is one of the 5 priority service sectors of the African Continental Free Trade Area and with a market of over 1.2 billion people; it offers enormous opportunities ...
Residents in the capital Niamey earlier reported hearing gunfire in the middle of the night in the district where the presidency is located. A government statement said an attempted coup had been blocked, condemning what it called a cowardly and regressive act which sought to threaten democracy and the state of law.. An investigation has been launched and several people connected with this attempted coup have been detained and others are being actively sought, it said, without giving further details.. The alleged leader of the coup is an air force officer in charge of security of Niameys military air base and is still being actively sought, a source within Nigers security services said.. The situation is totally under control, the government statement said, calling on the public to carry on with normal life. A security source, speaking on condition of anonymity, said there were some arrests among a few members of the army who had been behind the coup bid. The Presidential Guard ...
Niger Delta[edit]. In spite of roles played by the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs and the Amnesty programme led by Usani Uguru ... Has Nigeria's Niger Delta managed to buy peace? - BBC News. Bbc.co.uk (1 May 2013). Retrieved on 2016-11-04. ... Buhari stated[150] that "what is responsible for the security situation in the country is caused by the activities of Niger ... In January 2015, the insurgent group "The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta" (MEND) endorsed Buhari in the ...
Historical Dictionary of Niger. Scarecrow Press, London and New Jersey (1979). ISBN 0-8108-1229-0 Jolijn Geels. Niger. Bradt ... Born into the wuro's family tribe of Ikazkazan Tuareg in what is now ( Aïr) the north of Niger, his exact lineage is debated. ... He led the Kaocen revolt, a rebellion against French colonial rule of the area around the Aïr Mountains of northern Niger, ... He raided French columns in what is today eastern Niger and western Chad. He participated in several raids in the Borkou, ...
Sub-Zone 3: Niger (June 2007). Jolijn Geels. Niger. Bradt London and Globe Pequot New York (2006). ISBN 1-84162-152-8 Geels ( ... "Mont Greboun, Niger". Peakbagger.com.. Paul D. Lowman Jr. VolcanoWorld: Air, Niger Archived August 14, 2009, at the Wayback ... URANIUM GEOLOGY: NIGER, WEST AFRICA Archived March 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, NWT Uranium Corp. Bruneau de Miré, P. & ... Étude initiale - la Réserve Naturelle Nationale de l'Aïr et du Ténéré (Niger) - connaissance des éléments du milieu naturel et ...
Historical Dictionary of Niger. Scarecrow Press, London and New Jersey (1979). ISBN 0-8108-1229-0 Niger: Intou.org. Accessed ... In-Gall had been a stop on the main roads between the capital of Niger, Niamey (600 km to the southwest), and the mining town ... Niger. Bradt London and Globe Pequot New York (2006). ISBN 1-84162-152-8. Michael Palin's Travel entry for Ingall description ... In Gall, I-n-Gall, In-Gal, Ingal, Ingall) is a town in the Agadez Region, Tchirozerine Department of northeast Niger, with a ...
Historical Dictionary of Niger, p. 238. Saint-Martin 1986, p. 93. Rivières 1965, p. 201. Historical Dictionary of Niger, p. 57 ... Historical Dictionary of Niger, p. 161. Sources Auzias, Dominique; Labourdette, Jean-Paul (2009-06-17). Niger. Petit Futé. ISBN ... Today it forms most of the region of Zinder in Niger. The main military camp in Zinder was named Fort Cazemajou by the French, ... Historical Dictionary of Niger. Scarecrow Press. 2012-06-01. ISBN 978-0-8108-6094-0. Retrieved 2013-04-29. Rivières, Edmond ...
... is a town in the Bilma Department, Agadez Region of north-eastern Niger. It lies in the northern Kaouar escarpment, a ... ISBN 978-1-84162-152-4. The New York Times (September 10, 2018). "How a C.I.A. Drone Base Grew in Niger's Desert". YouTube. " ... While isolated in modern Niger, it once lay on the important central soudan route of the Trans-Saharan trade which linked ... It is on the route some migrants have taken from Niger to Libya. "Annuaires_Statistiques" (PDF). Institut National de la ...
29 Mai 2009 Niger's main trade centre gutted by fire. PANA Press. 27 May 2009. INCENDIE DU GRAND MARCHÉ Des tonnes de ... Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. Chalfont St Peter, Bucks / Guilford, CT: Bradt UK / Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 978-1-84162-152-4. ... H. Adamou, Republican, Niger. 29 May 2009. Incendie, hier, au grand marché de Niamey: Véritable désastre économique. Assane ... the capital and largest city in the West African state of Niger. The large market complex lies in the center of the city in a ...
... , Niger Page. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. 1996-2004 Geels, Jolijn, (2006) Bradt Travel Guide - Niger, pgs. 145-55 Niger: ... Tahoua is a city in Niger and the administrative centre of the Department of Tahoua and the larger Tahoua Region. It is the ... ISBN 0-8108-3136-8. Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. Chalfont St Peter, Bucks / Guilford, Connecticut: Bradt UK / Globe Pequot ... Administrative Division population statistics Decalo, Samuel (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Niger (3rd ed.). Boston & ...
... is a village and "Rural commune" in Niger. The town is capital of its Rural Commune in the Say Department of Tillabéri ... Benoit M (1998) Statut et usage du sol en périphérie du parc national du "W" du Niger. Tome 1 : Contribution à l'étude du ... It is southwest of Niamey, on the right (western) bank of the Niger River, between the departmental capital Say and the border ... ISBN 0-8108-3136-8. Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. Chalfont St Peter, Bucks / Guilford, CT: Bradt UK / Globe Pequot Press. ISBN ...
"Niger". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved Apr 4, 2020. [5] The CIA World Fact Book: Niger, 18 Dec 2019, retrieved 7 Feb 2020 ... "Niger says 75 Boko Haram extremists killed this week". ABC News. Retrieved May 13, 2020. "World News - BBC News". BBC News. ... Niger says army kills 50 Boko Haram extremists after attack By DALATOU MAMANE, Associated Press, 17 March 2020 Guinea voters ... "Niger: French tourists among eight killed by gunmen". news.yahoo.com. BBC. Retrieved August 9, 2020. Eboh, Camillus; George, ...
"Niger". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 March 2015. "The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. ...
Historical Dictionary of Niger. Scarecrow Press, London and New Jersey (1979). ISBN 0-8108-1229-0 Jolijn Geels. Niger. Bradt ... In Niger, where the practice of slavery was outlawed in 2003, a study has found that more than 800,000 people are still slaves ... In Niger, where the practice of slavery was outlawed in 2003, a study found that almost 8% of the population were still ... In the region of Say on the right bank of the river Niger, it is estimated that three-quarters of the population around 1904- ...
Niger • Nigeria • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Togo North Africa Algeria • Egypt • Libya • Mauritania • Morocco • Sudan • South ...
Niger • Nigeria • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Togo North Africa Algeria • Egypt (Ancient Egypt) • Libya • Mauritania • Morocco • ...
Niger; Republic of the Congo; Rwanda; São Tomé and Príncipe; Seychelles; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania; ...
". "Niger". International Religious Freedom Report for 2017 Kenya US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and ...
Niger. Bradt UK/ Globe Pequot Press USA (2006) ISBN 978-1-84162-152-4 Ezza Tours: Circuit traversee Air & Tenere. ... Tazerzait, Tezirzayt, Tezirzik) is a village in the Aïr Massif of northern Niger. Tezirzaït is the prime village of the ...
Institut National de la Statistique du Niger. Tessaoua, Niger Page[permanent dead link]. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. 1996-2004 ... They competed in the 1975 Niger Cup final but lost to Olympic FC, 2-1. The club has since never appeared in another final. The ... Zinder used to be the capital of Niger until the French colonialists moved the capital west to Niamey, where it was closer to ... Tessaoua is a midpoint on a historical trade route between Agadez, Niger, in the north and Kano, Nigeria, in the south. During ...
To the south, the local road connects the town of Keita, Niger to the main road network. Abalak is a regional market town, ... Abalak (or Abalagh) is a town located in the Tahoua Region, Abalak Department of northern Niger. It is both a town and Commune ... ISBN 978-1-84162-152-4. Decalo (1997) p. 15 Abalak, Niger Page, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. 1996-2004. Accessed 2009-03-27. ... Decalo, Samuel (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Niger (3rd ed.). Boston & Folkestone: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3136-8. ...
niger. Modern phylogenetic analyses using multiple genetic methods have placed B. atrophaeus close to B. subtilis. Its original ...
Niger. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Figure taken using the percentage listed with the total population. ...
In Niger, it has a very specific meaning: a small pre-colonial animist dominated state of the Dallol Maouri valley, known for ... ISBN 0-8108-3136-8. Fuglestad, Finn (1983). A History of Niger 1850-1960. African Studies series (No. 41). New York - London: ... ISBN 978-0-521-25268-3. Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. Chalfont St Peter, Bucks / Guilford, CT: Bradt UK / Globe Pequot Press. ... Decalo, Samuel (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Niger (3rd ed.). Boston & Folkestone: Scarecrow Press. ...
The sunniest countries of the world are on the African continent, ranging from Somalia- Horn of Africa-, east to Niger, west ... Niger + Nigeria + Oman + Palau + Papua New Guinea + Paraguay Peru + Philippines Rwanda + Romania Saint Lucia + Saint Vincent ... Niger; Tanzania; Tuvalu; Cambodia; Ethiopia; Burkina Faso; Bangladesh and Madagascar. By 17 November, Guinea Bissau, Fiji, ...
Niger. Bradt London and Globe Pequot, New York (2006). ISBN 1-84162-152-8 Mortimore (1972) points out that while Tibia farmers ... Aouderas (alt: Adharous, Auderas) is an oasis village in the Aïr Mountains of northeastern Niger, about 90 km (56 mi) north- ... Economy and society of Aouderas, a community of the Saharan Aïr Massif (Niger), Doctoral thesis, Dept. of Anthropology, McGill ... Archived 6 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine Niger rebels kidnap six soldiers in desert raid Reuters: 7 September 2007 ...
"Niger". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2011. " ... "His majesty receives Denmark, Niger credentials". Archived from the original on 4 May 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018. "Lesotho". ...
ISBN 9780801411717 Fairon, J. (1980). "Deux nouvelles especes de cheiropteres pour la faune du Massif de l'Air (Niger): ... Niger; Oman; Pakistan; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Arab ... northern Niger, Egypt, the Arabian peninsula, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and northwest India. However, when ...
Niger. Her social world overlapped with members of many literary movements. She was a close friend of Zishe Landau [he], one of ...
... was a town in the Aïr Mountains in what is now northern Niger. Founded around the eleventh century, it was long the most ... ISBN 0-8108-1229-0. Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. London: Bradt. ISBN 1-84162-152-8. Coordinates: 18°27′22″N 8°36′00″E /  ... Decalo, Samuel (1979). Historical Dictionary of Niger. London and New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. ...
Niger • Nigeria • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Togo Religion in North Africa Algeria • Egypt • Libya • Mauritania • Morocco • Sudan ...
Niger. Bradt UK/ Globe Pequot Press USA (2006) ISBN 978-1-84162-152-4 Coordinates: 13°28′06″N 5°01′06″E / 13.4683°N 5.0183°E ... Zinder and Maradi, the two largest Hausa cities in Niger's Hausa speaking southeast retain Sabon Gari districts. Sabon Gari, ... is a section of cities and town in Northern Nigeria south central Niger and northern Cameroon whose residents are not ...
... niger ssp. cinerea (Delmarva fox squirrel) S. niger ssp. niger S. niger ssp. shermani (Shermans fox squirrel) S. niger ssp. ... Subspecies are as follows [23]: S. niger ssp. rufiventer S. niger ssp. vulpinus S. niger ssp. ludovicianus S. niger ssp. ... WILDLIFE SPECIES: Sciurus niger AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Tesky, Julie L. 1993. Sciurus niger. In: Fire Effects Information ... WILDLIFE SPECIES: Sciurus niger TIMING OF MAJOR LIFE HISTORY EVENTS : Breeding season - Female eastern fox squirrels come into ...
The maps below print on 8.5″x11″ paper. If you modify maps for your own purposes, please remove the map number in the bottom, right corner.. ...
Update: Dracunculiasis Eradication - Mali and Niger, 1993. *Nutritional and Health Status of Children During a Food Crisis - ...
A West African giraffe, also called the Niger giraffe, peeks from under an acacia tree in the tiger bush near Kouré, Niger. ... Its numbers are low in the eastern Aïr and Ténéré National Nature Reserve in Niger, and in the border region of Mali and Niger ... Drainage from this mountain ranges flows into the Niger River, the only perennial source in the country. The wildlife of Niger ... Dams constructed on the Niger River in the neighbouring countries of Mali and Guinea and also within Niger itself are also ...
Niger from UCB Libraries GovPubs Niger at Curlie Niger profile from the BBC News Wikimedia Atlas of Niger Key Development ... Niger languages Archived 27 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine Présidence de la République du Niger. Le Niger Archived 27 July ... officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. Niger is bordered by ... Niger has a wide variety of ethnic groups as in most West African countries. The ethnic makeup of Niger in 2001 is as follows: ...
Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758) (old web site) (Least Concern). Chlidonias niger niger[bewerken]. Europe, western Asia; ... Overgenomen van "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chlidonias_niger&oldid=140299295" ...
For Niger basin. 2273946. 100.0. 0. 2845. 690. Algeria and Chad together cover about 9% of the total Niger River basin, but ... Mali and Niger are almost entirely dependent on the Niger River for their water resources. In the case of Niger nearly 90% of ... Table 12: Niger River basin: areas and rainfall by country. Country. Total area of the country (km2). Area of the country ... The upper Niger River system. The source of the Niger River farthest away from the mouth is in the mountains of Guinea near the ...
Niger and Mauritania, forced labour in its most ancient form still exists today. In Niger, the International Labour ... Forced Labour in Niger .... Forced Labour in Niger. Slavery is thought of as a thing of the past, but in certain African ... But in Niger and elsewhere across the globe, for millions of men, women and children, labour is not a choice... it is a life ... But in Niger and elsewhere across the globe, for millions of men, women and children, labour is not a choice... it is a life ...
... 2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography. Map of Niger River with Niger River basin ... The origin of the name Niger is unknown. It is often assumed that it derives from the Latin word for black, niger, but there ... Niger River in fiction. The longer downstream stretch of the Niger River served as the setting for much of author Clive ... The Niger River is a relatively clear river, carrying only a tenth as much sediment as the Nile because the Nigers headlands ...
U.S.-Niger The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Niger in 1960, following its independence from France. U.S. relations ... U.S. Assistance to Niger U.S. foreign assistance to Niger plays a critical role in preserving stability in a country vulnerable ... U.S. exports to Niger include rice, vehicles, food-preparation goods, machinery, and fats and oils. Niger is eligible for ... Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world. Its largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted ...
See also: republicain-niger: April 2008 Falling Rain.com: Dabaga. Coordinates: 17°16′N 8°06′E / 17.267°N 8.100°E / 17.267; ... Dabaga is a town in the Agadez Region of northern Niger. It is situated around 50 kilometers north of the regional capital, ... UNICEF News item 24 April 2007 REPUBLIQUE DU NIGER, Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002: portant création des communes et fixant le ... Following armed attack Médecins Sans Frontières MSF halts activities in Dabaga Niger Archived 2011-08-09 at the Wayback Machine ...
Flitsch Helleborus niger an der oesterr-ungar Frontlinie 10032015 0639.jpg 7,360 × 4,912; 13.53 MB. ... Helleborus niger in Jardin botanique de la Charme.jpg 6,000 × 4,000; 10.04 MB. ... Helleborus niger hybrid - Lenten Rose 2 - geograph.org.uk - 1205526.jpg 640 × 640; 363 KB. ... 2018-01-28 (111) Many Helleborus niger (christmas roses) at Haltgraben at border area between Frankenfels at Kirchberg an der ...
... as Islamic insurgent groups active in neighboring countries threatened to encroach on Niger. Although Niger has so far managed ... Nigers political rights rating declined from 3 to 4 due to the repressive conditions surrounding the 2016 presidential and ... The struggle to meet the security challenges that surround Niger has served as an alibi for the government to restrict freedoms ... In February and March, Niger held legislative and presidential elections in an environment in which the primary opponent of the ...
Niger has experienced a number of military coups, the most recent in 2010, and the influence of the military still looms over ... In 2010, Niger adopted a press law that eliminated prison terms for media offenses and reduced the threat of libel cases. ... Same-sex sexual activity is not illegal in Niger, but same-sex relationships are highly stigmatized, and there is no protection ... The current regime in Niger was democratically elected in 2011 and reelected in 2016 in a polling process plagued by serious ...
Niger In 1989 (the most recent year for which passive data were available), Niger (population: 8 million) reported 288 cases of ... Update: Dracunculiasis Eradication -- Mali and Niger, 1993 Mali and Niger, countries in West Africa, ranked sixth and eighth in ... Niger has not yet begun monthly reporting of cases but has recorded a provisional total of 16,231 cases for 1993. Reported by: ... Although Mali and Niger joined the campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis when fewer than 3 years remained until the target date ...
Food crisis in Niger: Nanas battle to stay alive. RIKISKAMA, Niger, 16 June 2005 - In an isolated village in Nigers south- ... Niger: Food crisis may yet worsen. MARADI, Niger, 23 November 2005 - Startling new figures from Niger show that, since the ... Children and women bearing the brunt of Nigers food security crisis. MARADI, Niger, 13 July 2005 - Children and women in Niger ... Providing safe water for southern Niger. SAFO SOUMARANA, Niger, 17 August 2005 - Nigers food crisis, with its haunting images ...
Ordonnance n 96-039 du 29 juin 1996 portant Code du travail au Niger - available in French). Date: 29 Jun 1996 (view in NATLEX ... Ordonnance n 96-039 du 29 juin 1996 portant Code du travail au Niger - available in French). Date: 29 Jun 1996 (view in NATLEX ... Ordonnance n 96-039 du 29 juin 1996 portant Code du travail au Niger - available in French). Date: 29 Jun 1996 (view in NATLEX ... Loi n 2012-45 du 25 septembre 2012 portant Code du travail de la R publique du Niger - available in French). Date: 25 Sep 2012 ...
Pescennius Niger, rival Roman emperor from 193 to 194. An equestrian army officer from Italy, Niger was promoted to senatorial ... Alternative Title: Gaius Pescennius Niger Justus. Pescennius Niger, original name Gaius Pescennius Niger Justus, (died 194), ... By the end of the emperor Commodus reign in 192, Niger had won great popularity, both in the East and among the urban populace ... More About Pescennius Niger. 2 references found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *history of Mesopotamia* In ...
This is a Swadesh list of Niger-Congo languages, specifically Yoruba, Igbo, Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, Mom Jango and Vai, compared ... Appendix:Niger-Congo Swadesh lists. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. (Redirected from Appendix:Swadesh lists ... Fula (Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, ... Niger-Congo - Oto-Manguean - Paleosiberian - Penutian - Romance - Sino-Tibetan - Slavic - Siouan - South American - Tai-Kadai ...
Niger - WeatherOnline. Weather forecast up to 14 days including temperature, weather condition and precipitation and much more. ...
Ninety percent of Nigers citizens live in a narrow grain-producing strip of savanna along the southern border. The local ... Galmi HospitalGalmi, Niger. Specialties Needed. Anesthesiology, Cardiology, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Colorectal ... The village of Galmi is in the southern part of Niger and has a population of 8,000 to 10,000 people. Though situated on the ... Niger has the worlds highest birth rate and the fourth highest infant mortality rate. The majority of Galmis inpatient ...
Niger and Togo have all formally recognized Libyas rebels, breaking ranks with the African Union which said on Friday it could ... Niger, one of Africas poorest nations, is having to cope with the return of more than 210,000 Nigerien migrant workers who had ... The government of Niger, a southern neighbor of Libya which has long had ties with Tripoli, issued a statement on Saturday ... NIAMEY (Reuters) - Benin, Niger and Togo have all formally recognized Libyas rebels, breaking ranks with the African Union ...
... was imprisoned in Tripoli on Thursday after Niger agreed to send him back from house arrest there. ... "The government in Niger realized that Saadis presence was the main source for tensions in Libyas south, which is also ... Niger sources said Saadi was spirited into Libya on board a Libyan plane overnight, accompanied by Libyan security agents. ... Since escaping Libya in 2011, he had been held under house arrest in the Niger capital Niamey. Libyan authorities believe he ...
Niger -- In a clearing among the millet fields of this starving village, tiny red-earthen graves are sprouting in a row. ... The government of Niger, in turn, has asserted that the food shortage was merely a manifestation of chronic poverty. Last week ... Belka Garba, governor of Maradi state in south-central Niger, one of the most severely affected areas, said there was little ... At clinics run by Doctors Without Borders in Niger, doctors saw cases of severe malnutrition surge in January and triple by ...
Unless arriving in Niger from another African destination, you are most likely to be using this airport via a domestic flight ... Other Airports in Niger. Mano Dayak International Airport is the second busiest and only other airport in the country accepting ... This is the main international gateway for Niger, located in the nations capital city, Niamey. It is the busiest airport ... There are three other airports with scheduled commercial flights in Niger: Maradi, Tahoua, and Zinder. Due to the poor ...
... about Italian intelligence and Niger uranium forgeries, has a lot of twists… ... and two employees of the Niger embassy in Rome came together sometime between 1999 and 2000 to hatch the Niger forgeries plan ... The Niger memos showed up in the U.S. one month later. Rozen gets at why this all matters:. What may be most significant to ... Laura Rozens story in the American Prospect today, about Italian intelligence and Niger uranium forgeries, has a lot of twists ...
Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos for Talcho, Niger from AccuWeather. ...
France says its forces have destroyed a terrorist convoy linked to an al-Qaida group that was traveling through northern Niger. ... In one attack a week ago, nine U.N. peacekeepers from Niger were killed by unidentified men in Malis Gao region. ... France says the army, in cooperation with authorities in Niger, intercepted the convoy late Thursday and destroyed it, while ...
... the Republic of Niger, West Africa to the world via satellite. Irish company Altobridge developed the base station and was ... 19 June 2004 3D image of Dao and Niger Valles 225 Votes: 1 ... the Republic of Niger, West Africa to the world via satellite. ...
An open letter to Nigers children, by Félicité Tchibindat, UNICEF Representative, on the occasion of the celebration of the ... An open letter to Nigers children, by Félicité Tchibindat, UNICEF Representative in Niger, on the occasion of the celebration ... In Niger, UNICEF is not alone in advocating for the rights of the child. The Convention on the Rights of the Child could rely ... Niger has ratified the Convention in 1990. Beyond the historical dimension of this day, it is time to take stock of the ...
  • MANGAIZE and NIAMEY, Niger, 19 June 2013 - As conflict in northern Mali escalated, Fadimata Agali, 15, was forced to flee her home in Menaka, leaving family and friends behind. (unicef.org)
  • NIAMEY, Niger, 17 April 2013 - A few hundred metres from the banks of the mighty Niger River, where the routines of fishers and farmers continue as they have for centuries, a modest factory is transforming how this West African nation responds to the threat of malnutrition. (unicef.org)
  • NIAMEY (Reuters) - Benin, Niger and Togo have all formally recognized Libya's rebels, breaking ranks with the African Union which said on Friday it could not recognize the rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) until fighting had ended. (reuters.com)
  • The government of Niger, a southern neighbor of Libya which has long had ties with Tripoli, issued a statement on Saturday formally recognizing the rebels, days after pro-rebel officials took control of the embassy in its capital, Niamey. (reuters.com)
  • Since escaping Libya in 2011, he had been held under house arrest in the Niger capital Niamey. (reuters.com)
  • This is the main international gateway for Niger, located in the nation's capital city, Niamey. (iexplore.com)
  • Unless arriving in Niger from another African destination, you are most likely to be using this airport via a domestic flight from Niamey. (iexplore.com)
  • NIAMEY, Niger - French President Emmanuel Macron promised more than 400 million euros ($474 million) in aid over four years to Niger during a visit and told the country's president he was ready to strengthen France's presence in the Sahel. (nationalpost.com)
  • The southern Dosso region is worst hit, but in the capital Niamey, the Niger river has burst its banks and flooded a good portion of the city. (wikitravel.org)
  • Paris, Niamey, 24 October 2007 Niger: Executions and forced disappearances follow army reprisals, 3 April 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • NIAMEY , Jul 30 2013 (IPS) - For El Hadji Souley Moussa, a 60-year-old retired bank employee in Niger, "marrying off a daughter when she is young is a source of great pride. (ipsnews.net)
  • The ICRC carries out its work in Niger through its regional delegation in Niamey. (icrc.org)
  • Kolo, Niamey, Niger: Saudi Arabian Delegation Visits Agricultural School In. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: First Roman Catholic Priest Of Niger Nationality Ordained In Niamey. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: Ocam Summit Meeting Opens In Niamey. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: Youth Employment Conference In Niamey. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: Tenth Anniversary Celebrations In Niamey. (britishpathe.com)
  • NIAMEY, NIGER The Republic of Niger. (britishpathe.com)
  • With hotels.com we help you find the best hotels in Niamey, Niger. (hotels.com)
  • The Niger River, with a total length of about 4100 km, is the third-longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo/Zaire Rivers, and the longest and largest river in West Africa. (fao.org)
  • While there are no clear statistics, on number of slaves currently in West Africa, evidence that slavery still exists in countries such as Niger, Sudan or Mauritania, is abundant. (ilo.org)
  • The U.S. has a trade and investment framework agreement with the Economic Community of West Africa, of which Niger is a member. (state.gov)
  • Mali and Niger, countries in West Africa, ranked sixth and eighth in the number of reported cases of dracunculiasis (i.e. (cdc.gov)
  • Editorial Note: Mali and Niger are part of the core area of West Africa where dracunculiasis is endemic. (cdc.gov)
  • A solar-powered base station for mobile phones links the village of Tchintaborak, the Republic of Niger, West Africa to the world via satellite. (esa.int)
  • French: [niʒɛʁ]), officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. (wikipedia.org)
  • Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest country in West Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Islamic State has credited its West Africa affiliate for killing six French aid workers and their Nigerien guide and driver at a giraffe reserve in Niger on Aug. 9, according to a statement published by the SITE Intelligence Group on Thursday. (indexmundi.com)
  • He spoke as relief agencies flocked to Niger, a vast landlocked country of 12 million people in West Africa, in response to a food crisis. (npr.org)
  • The French president visited Niger on Friday and Saturday, wanting to encourage Niger's growing military efforts to fight terrorism in West Africa. (nationalpost.com)
  • Bombino is a guitarist from Niger in West Africa. (pri.org)
  • In the case of Niger nearly 90% of its total water resources originates outside its borders (the Niger River and other tributaries from Burkina Faso and Benin). (fao.org)
  • Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Macron supported the newly formed G-5 Sahel force that will work alongside the operation and is made up of African soldiers from Chad, Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Burkina Faso. (nationalpost.com)
  • Niger is being hit by insurgents linked to Al-Qaeda or the so-called Islamic State (IS), crossing from Mali and Burkina Faso in the west, and by Boko Haram, crossing from Nigeria in the southeast. (yahoo.com)
  • The French-led Operation Barkhane is leading counter-terror operations across Sahel states Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger. (france24.com)
  • Terrorist groups are taking advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic to intensify their attacks and to challenge state authority throughout the sub-region," said Guterres, citing an area straddling Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso as a major concern. (france24.com)
  • The G5 is a 5,000-strong force with troops from Chad, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Mauritania cooperating with French troops to combat a growing Islamist insurgency. (france24.com)
  • The quantity of water entering Mali from Guinea (40 km 3 /yr) is greater than the quantity of water entering Nigeria from Niger (36 km 3 /yr), about 1800 hen further downstream. (fao.org)
  • The most important areas of the Niger basin are located in Mali, Niger and Nigeria (25 % in each of these three countries). (fao.org)
  • At Gaya in Niger or Malanville in Benin, just upstream of the border with Nigeria, the average annual discharge has been estimated at about 36 km 3 [35], but only about 18 km was measured in 1986 [29]. (fao.org)
  • Leaving the border between Niger and Benin the river enters Nigeria, where it is joined by numerous tributaries. (fao.org)
  • The nations of Nigeria and Niger are named after the river. (mcgill.ca)
  • Violent criminal groups from Nigeria, from which thousands have fled to Niger due to violent raids on villages, kidnappings, sexual violence, and killings, have crossed over to the southern region of Maradi, near the Nigerian border, and committed similar attacks. (freedomhouse.org)
  • There was no immediate claim of responsibility though suspicion immediately fell upon Boko Haram, the Nigeria-based extremist group that has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State and carried out scores of attacks in neighboring Niger, Cameroon and Chad in recent months. (voanews.com)
  • Niger is also home to more than 138,000 refugees who have fled Boko Haram's attacks in Nigeria, according to U.N. figures. (voanews.com)
  • A map of Nigeria with the states comprising the Niger Delta highlighted and numbered. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta ( MEND ) is one of the largest militant groups in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria . (wikipedia.org)
  • The group's efforts are directed towards knocking down oil production in the Niger-Delta region and claims to expose exploitation and oppression of the people of the Niger-Delta and devastation of the natural environment as a result of public-private partnerships between the Federal Government of Nigeria and corporations involved in the production of oil in the Niger Delta . (wikipedia.org)
  • MEND has been linked to attacks on petroleum operations in Nigeria as part of the conflict in the Niger-Delta , engaging in actions including sabotage, theft, property destruction, guerrilla warfare , and kidnapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, crises in neighbouring Mali and Nigeria have led to over 100,000 refugees entering Niger. (plan-international.org)
  • The Lake Chad crisis has left 17 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. (plan-international.org)
  • Niger is facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats including insecurity in Libya, spillover from the conflict in Mali, and violent extremism in northeastern Nigeria. (cia.gov)
  • The killing of four American special operations soldiers in Niger has highlighted the increasing role elite units are playing across Africa, where their mission is to counter the advances of a slew of jihadist movements, including al-Shabab in Somalia, ISIS affiliates in the Sahel region and Boko Haram in Nigeria. (pri.org)
  • Fearing armed groups and communal clashes, more than 7,660 refugees have fled Nigeria into Maradi this year and another 3,500 citizens of Niger have been displaced inside the country. (unhcr.org)
  • Less is known of Lower Niger Bronze Industry works than those of Benin and Ife, but their existence suggests that copper-alloy casting was once widespread in what is now southern Nigeria. (metmuseum.org)
  • Niger: Talks Continue On Peace In Nigeria. (britishpathe.com)
  • The problem of prostitution in southern Niger intensifies as shari a law is enforced in northern Nigeria, but a lack of funds and personnel threatens this crucial ministry. (operationworld.org)
  • Refugees fleeing the fighting between militants and government forces in north-east Nigeria continue to arrive in Niger and Chad with harrowing tales. (unhcr.org)
  • GENEVA, January 16 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency on Friday expressed concern about the return to Nigeria of hundreds of refugees from Niger this week as the number of people fleeing militant attacks in northern Nigeria continued to grow. (unhcr.org)
  • Given the volatile security situation in Borno state and the recent attacks by insurgents, UNHCR is concerned about the nature of these returns and has asked the authorities to stop this operation until there are proper safeguards and a legal framework between Nigeria, Niger and UNHCR," Spindler said. (unhcr.org)
  • Refugees fleeing the fighting between militants and government forces in north-east Nigeria continue to arrive in Niger and Chad with harrowing tales of killings and destruction, including the extreme violence inflicted on the lakeside town of Baga earlier this month. (unhcr.org)
  • Italian oil company Eni has confirmed that three people died near the company's oil pipeline in the Niger Delta region in Nigeria. (wsj.com)
  • Niger, one of Africa's poorest nations, is having to cope with the return of more than 210,000 Nigerien migrant workers who had been in Libya before the conflict started. (reuters.com)
  • Niger sources said Saadi was spirited into Libya on board a Libyan plane overnight, accompanied by Libyan security agents. (reuters.com)
  • Political analyst Khalid al-Tarjaman said Libya had convinced Niger that Saadi's presence was giving a boost to Gaddafi loyalists in Libya's volatile south whom Tripoli has accused of provoking clashes in the main city Sabha in January. (reuters.com)
  • Tarjaman said Saadi's expulsion from Niger might help Libya persuade other countries such as Egypt or Tunisia to extradite Gaddafi relatives and former top officials. (reuters.com)
  • Libya has demanded Niger hand over one of Muammar Gaddafi's sons who is under house arrest in the neighbouring nation after he warned in a television interview that his homeland was facing a new uprising. (pambazuka.org)
  • Mohammed Hareizi, spokesman for the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC), said on Saturday that Niger must extradite Saadi Gaddafi and other ex-regime officials to 'preserve its relationship and interests' in Libya. (pambazuka.org)
  • African migrants travel through Niger and Libya in the hopes of making it to Europe, and many die in the vast desert. (nationalpost.com)
  • In the most recent deployments in places like Libya, Niger, Somalia and Yemen, American forces are not in the lead. (cnn.com)
  • In September, the US announced it would open a second drone base in central Niger, where it could track extremists in Mali and Libya more effectively. (rt.com)
  • Comparative analysis of the complete mitochondrial genomes of Aspergillus niger mtDNA type 1a and Aspergillus tubingensis mtDNA type 2b. (nih.gov)
  • Genome sequencing and analysis of the versatile cell factory Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88. (nih.gov)
  • Trancriptional landscape of Aspergillus niger a. (scoop.it)
  • 660050: Aspergillus niger Precipitating. (labcorp.com)
  • . Aspergillus niger is part of a group of species named Aspergillus section Nigri , formerly known as « Aspergillus niger group »: all species of this section have black conidial heads. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • In the following text, Aspergillus niger refers to the species A. niger, unless otherwise stated. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • The species within the Aspergillus niger groupare hyaline hyphomycetes anamorphs: some have known teleomorph forms included in the genera Eupenicillium , Talaromyces , Hamigera and Trichocoma . (inspq.qc.ca)
  • The species Aspergillus niger has no known teleomorph stage. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Even though it is considered an ubiquitous innocuous contaminant, Aspergillus niger can, in special rare circumstances, cause opportunistic human diseases {509} (see Health effects section). (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Aspergillus niger is prevalent in residential areas, even in urban settings, and is recovered in both indoor and outdoor air samples. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Aspergillus niger is also prevalent in the indoor environment. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • We report a case of successfully treated infected GDD caused by Aspergillus niger with intravitreal and topical voriconazole along with removal of GDD. (hindawi.com)
  • The government in Niger realized that Saadi's presence was the main source for tensions in Libya's south, which is also affecting Niger's sovereignty," he said. (reuters.com)
  • Boko Haram members have repeatedly struck Diffa in neighboring Niger over the past year because Niger's military is among those taking part in a regional effort to defeat the extremists. (voanews.com)
  • Niger: Tenth Anniversary Of Niger's Independence. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: President Seyni Kountche Declares Niger's Food Crisis Less Alarming Than. (britishpathe.com)
  • The attacks on Baga have also pushed some 570 people to flee to Niger's Diffa region - with some of them having first crossed through Chad before reaching Niger. (unhcr.org)
  • these countries are jointly attempting to stop its overexploitation , which is causing not only lowering of ground water levels but also the reduction of storage in the Lake Chad and perennial flows of the Niger River on which wildlife of the country is largely dependent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algeria and Chad together cover about 9% of the total Niger River basin, but there are almost no renewable water resources in these areas. (fao.org)
  • The Ténéré is a region in the south-central Sahara desert consisting of a vast plain of sand that stretches from northeastern Niger into western Chad. (ipsnews.net)
  • Niger/chad: French President Pompidou Visits Niger And Chad. (britishpathe.com)
  • We are concerned that refugees from Baga and the surrounding area are choosing to flee over the lake into Chad as this may indicate that the overland route into Niger is blocked by insurgents," UNHCR's Spindler said in Geneva. (unhcr.org)
  • To date, UNHCR has registered more than 37,000 Nigerian refugees in Cameroon, some 16,000 people have arrived in Chad, and the authorities in Niger estimate that more than 100,000 people, both Nigerian refugees and Niger nationals, have arrived from the war-torn north-east of Nigeria. (unhcr.org)
  • Precisely how Nucera, Martino, and two employees of the Niger embassy in Rome came together sometime between 1999 and 2000 to hatch the Niger forgeries plan is still somewhat mysterious. (motherjones.com)
  • The IMF approved a $73 million poverty reduction and growth facility for Niger in 2000 and announced $115 million in debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. (wikitravel.org)
  • For a start, someone produced a fake document, dated July 6, 2000, which purports to show Zahawie's signature and diplomatic seal on an actual agreement for an Iraqi uranium transaction with Niger. (slate.com)
  • The current regime in Niger was democratically elected in 2011, and reelected in 2016 in a polling process reportedly plagued by serious irregularities. (freedomhouse.org)
  • ABOUNGA, Niger, 22 March 2016 - When we meet Gambo Ali at the Abounga spontaneous site for displaced people, she can't tell us her age. (unicef.org)
  • 04/07/2016 - Niger, a country in the heart of the Sahel-Saharan region, is faced with recurrent food crises due to erratic, insufficient rains and other factors. (afdb.org)
  • The Niger Delta Avengers, a group that surfaced in early 2016 to wage war on the Nigerian oil sector, said a President Trump offered hope for distribution of Nigerian oil wealth. (upi.com)
  • This is due among other reasons to the enormous reduction in runoff in the inner delta in Mali through seepage and evaporation combined with almost no runoff from the whole of the left bank in Mali and Niger. (fao.org)
  • All the water from the Bani tributary, which flows into the Niger River at Mopti (at 1150 km), does not compensate for the 'losses' in the inner delta, as the total flow further downstream still decreases rather than increases (Figure 13). (fao.org)
  • From the inner delta the river continues to flow north-eastwards before turning south-east to form a great bend, the Niger Loop. (fao.org)
  • The name is thus thought to be indigenous, but no convincing origin has been found among the 30 languages of the Niger delta and lower reaches of the river. (mcgill.ca)
  • MEND's attacks involve substantially more sophisticated tactics than those of previous militant groups in the Niger Delta. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the point of view of MEND, and its supporters, the people of the Niger Delta have suffered an unprecedented degradation of their environment due to unchecked pollution produced by the oil industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your hard fought victory against world establishments is hope for we the over thirty million oppressed minorities of the Niger Delta, that have being continuously raped and economically colonized because of our God-given resources over last six decades, by the Nigerian state and Islamic fundamentalists in power," spokesman Mudoch Agbinibo said in a statement . (upi.com)
  • The NDA accuses the government of Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari of favoring oil and gas interests over the interests of the people in the Niger Delta and its campaign has been blamed for pushing total Nigerian crude oil production to a 30-year low this year. (upi.com)
  • French Prime Minister Jean Castex arrives to attend a ceremony in tribute to the six humanitarian aid workers from the French NGO Acted killed in an attack in Niger, at an airport lounge transformed into a funeral home at the Orly Airport, south of Paris, on August 14, 2020. (france24.com)
  • UNHCR teams in Niger have recorded a spike in deadly violence inside Maradi itself, with more casualties and serious incidents reported in January and February 2021 than in the second half 2020. (unhcr.org)
  • Niger (pronounced: nee-ZHAIR) is an arid, landlocked country of the Sahel with a population of 12 million. (wikitravel.org)
  • MARADI, Niger, 14 October 2013 - There are more girls than boys at Saran Maradi primary school. (unicef.org)
  • Belka Garba, governor of Maradi state in south-central Niger, one of the most severely affected areas, said there was little evidence of the U.N. food program providing meaningful aid. (washingtonpost.com)
  • There are three other airports with scheduled commercial flights in Niger: Maradi, Tahoua, and Zinder. (iexplore.com)
  • Two major multiyear projects are being implemented by WV Niger: An USAID grant on resilience in the Maradi region and a WHO grant on health community based management in Dosso region. (wvi.org)
  • Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "republic of niger" is defined. (onelook.com)
  • Further downstream the river becomes the border between Niger and Benin, from where three main tributaries enter the river (Mekrou, Alibori, Sota) with a total annual discharge of about 3 km 3 . (fao.org)
  • The term "Lower Niger Bronze Industry" has been used by art historians to classify ancient copper-alloy sculpture discovered in the area of the Niger Valley that could not be traced directly to the famous metalworking centers of Benin and Ife. (metmuseum.org)
  • Lower Niger Bronze Industry works show stylistic affinities with works from Benin and Ife. (metmuseum.org)
  • Benin: Africa: Dahomey Nationals Expelled From Niger. (britishpathe.com)
  • While meeting with Issoufou on Tuesday, Premier Li Keqiang said that China would like to offer a hand to Niger for the country's economic development and the improvement of people's lives. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Macron announced bilateral aid amounting to more than 400 million euros to Niger for 2017 to 2021 that will go toward security, development and democracy projects. (nationalpost.com)
  • Or do we expand even further when we get involved in places where extremists threaten stability but are more focused on local or regional targets (Niger in 2017)? (cnn.com)
  • UNHCR commends the generosity of Niger as it continues to grant access to asylum, despite border restrictions brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. (unhcr.org)
  • INTIKANE, Niger, 1 July 2014 - Aïchatou Mohamed attends primary school in Intikane, in northern Niger, where more than 10,000 refugees from Mali are living. (unicef.org)
  • There are 136 mammal species in Niger , of which 2 are critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 9 are vulnerable, and 1 is near-threatened. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the species listed for Niger can no longer be found in the wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botryllus niger is a species of tunicates in the family Styelidae . (eol.org)
  • The section Nigri includes 15 related black-spored species that may be confused with A. niger , including A. tubingensis , A. foetidus , A. carbonarius and A. awamori (3598). (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Niger has not yet begun monthly reporting of cases but has recorded a provisional total of 16,231 cases for 1993. (cdc.gov)
  • Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. (cia.gov)
  • Not until 1993, 35 years after independence from France, did Niger hold its first free and open elections. (wikitravel.org)
  • 27/07/2012 - The Diffa region to the far south-east of Niger is one of the areas most affected by cycles of drought, characterized especially by dune encroachment, increased silting in agricultural and stock breeding areas and a steady deterio. (afdb.org)
  • In Niger, UNICEF is not alone in advocating for the rights of the child. (unicef.org)
  • UNICEF News item 24 April 2007 REPUBLIQUE DU NIGER, Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002: portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux[permanent dead link]. (wikipedia.org)
  • WV Niger programming is funded through Child Sponsorship and Private Non-Sponsorship Awards (PNS) comprised approximately 71% and 2% respectively of the FY14 budget for WVN with the remainder 27% being supplied by Grant Awards from various governments and multilateral structures including World Food Program, WHO, and UNICEF. (wvi.org)
  • The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Niger in 1960, following its independence from France. (state.gov)
  • Niger is a former French colony which was granted independence in 1960. (wikitravel.org)
  • Niger is a poor nation of 6.6 million people where Kountche took power from a corrupt civilian regime in 1974, overthrowing President Hamani Diori, who had led Niger since independence from France in 1960. (latimes.com)
  • Late Friday, Macron visited and dined with soldiers stationed in Niger who are fighting against extremism in the Sahel, reassuring them that France wouldn't abandon the region to extremists. (nationalpost.com)
  • Niger-with the world's fastest growing population, its highest total fertility rate (TFR), a small and diminishing amount of arable land, low annual rainfall, a high level of malnutrition, extremely low levels of education, gross gender inequities and an uncertain future in the face of climate change-is the most extreme example of a catastrophe that is likely to overtake the Sahel. (guttmacher.org)
  • Last week, President Mamadou Tandja told BBC Radio, 'The people of Niger look well-fed, as you can see. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The president of Niger, Mamadou Tandja, raised eyebrows recently when he told the BBC there was no famine in his country. (npr.org)
  • In Niger, the International Labour Organization is working with tribal chiefs to eradicate these modern forms of slavery and as ILO TV reports, the main thrust is to combat poverty. (ilo.org)
  • When National Geographic writer Donovan Webster and his son James traveled to Niger for the annual Tuareg Festival, they had a chance to witness one of the main events first hand: riding alongside the camel races in a desert jeep. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In order to take the Joseph Wilson view of this Baathist ambassadorial initiative, you have to be able to believe that Saddam Hussein's long-term main man on nuclear issues was in Niger to talk about something other than the obvious. (slate.com)
  • One local source named villages targeted as Gadabo, Zibane Koira-Zeno and Zibane-Tegui, all administered by Anzourou, a commune some 50 kilometres (30 miles) from Tillaberi city , the main town in western Niger and some 100 kilometres from the border with Mali. (france24.com)
  • Galmi Hospital primarily serves settled farmers, traders, and nomadic people of the Hausa, Fulani, and Tamajeq tribes of Niger, although some of the patients come from surrounding countries for care. (samaritanspurse.org)
  • The village of Galmi is in the southern part of Niger and has a population of 8,000 to 10,000 people. (samaritanspurse.org)
  • This year, World Food Program officials said their food has reached 520,000 people in Niger through schools, work sites and clinics. (washingtonpost.com)
  • It is the busiest airport serving Niger, with annual passenger traffic just short of 100,000 people, although the airport is also shared by the Niger Air Force, who use the runway and ground control facilities, so the complex is quite large. (iexplore.com)
  • We must listen to you - today's children and young people - about the issues of greatest concern to you now and offer you the opportunity to find your own solutions, to make sure you shape your own future and you are the artisans of a prosperous Niger where every daughter and every son contributes to its development. (unicef.org)
  • Niger faces serious challenges to development due to its landlocked position, desert terrain, inefficient agriculture, high fertility rates without birth control and resulting overpopulation, the poor educational level and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor healthcare, and environmental degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an interview with one of the group's leaders, who used the alias Major-General Godswill Tamuno , the BBC reported that MEND was fighting for "total control" of the Niger-Delta's oil wealth, saying local people had not gained from the riches under the ground and the region's creeks and swamps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since December 2011, the food crisis in Niger has displaced large numbers of people from areas of scarcity to parts of the country that enjoyed better harvests. (pambazuka.org)
  • The United Nations estimates that two and a half million people in Niger require immediate aid to stay alive. (npr.org)
  • President Tandja admits that an invasion of locusts, a prolonged drought and a sparse rainy season have resulted in a bad harvest for Niger, but he asked, `Are people fleeing the countryside? (npr.org)
  • they were not tourists killed in Niger but young people engaged in helping the people of this country. (france24.com)
  • Although the last census reported that about 98 percent of the 17 million people living in Niger are Muslim, the country has previously been known for peaceful relations among its religious communities. (samaritanspurse.org)
  • Samaritan s Purse, Impacting Niger, World Vision, Lutheran World Relief and many others try to invest wisely into the lives of the people by providing for their needs. (operationworld.org)
  • The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of Niger. (operationworld.org)
  • China would like to work with Niger to jointly implement the outcomes of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, strengthen strategic cooperation and bring more benefits to the people of both countries. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • On Monday this week, Nigerian media reported that a man in his 70s had married a 15-year-old girl in Niger State. (plan-international.org)
  • Travel to Northern Niger and parts of Eastern Niger (near the Nigerian border) is dangerous and discouraged. (wikitravel.org)
  • Niger: Nigerian President Shagari Meets Niger President Kountche For Annual. (britishpathe.com)
  • In February 1999, Zahawie left his Vatican office for a few days and paid an official visit to Niger, a country known for absolutely nothing except its vast deposits of uranium ore . (slate.com)
  • [7] Over the years after independence, for conservation of wildlife, laws in the form of acts and regulations have been enacted and a large number of wildlife reserves and national parks have been established by the Government of Niger . (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. relations with Niger since its independence have generally been close and friendly. (state.gov)
  • Niger: Independence Day Celebrations. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger Celebrates 22nd Anniversary Of Independence. (britishpathe.com)
  • TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Muammar Gaddafi's son Saadi, his special forces commander who fled abroad during Libya's 2011 revolution, was imprisoned in Tripoli on Thursday after Niger agreed to send him back from house arrest there. (reuters.com)
  • Niger denies Gaddafi is there but one high-level Libyan official was welcomed into the country earlier this week. (pri.org)
  • Niger: Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi Completes His African Tour With Visit To. (britishpathe.com)
  • TAHOUA, Niger, 10 December 2013 - It's a celebration day in the villages of Tabalak and Akoubounou, in north-western Niger. (unicef.org)
  • TAJAE NOMADE, Tahoua Region, Niger, 5 April 2013 - Hamatou Oumarou stands in line holding her 13-month-old daughter Safia. (unicef.org)
  • There was no immediate official comment from Niger, which Libyan analysts said had agreed to cooperate because both must worth together to try to secure their long border against weapons smugglers, militant Islamists and human traffickers. (reuters.com)
  • Niger: Niger Juniors Beat Libyan Team 4-1. (britishpathe.com)
  • He threw out Libyan diplomats in 1981 out of fears that Col. Moammar Kadafi wanted to expand his so-called Islamic empire to include Niger. (latimes.com)
  • The use of surveillance drones over Niger has been a common occurrence since 2013, when the United States started the practice in an attempt to bolster French troops battling Islamist militants in neighboring Mali. (rt.com)
  • A diary from the world's poorest country, Niger: Day Three - Dabaga Archived 2007-10-30 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011 the United Nations Children's Fund State of the World's Children report ranked Niger first on its list of countries with a high prevalence of early marriages. (ipsnews.net)
  • Septimius Severus , who was proclaimed emperor by the troops of Pannonia Superior, marched east and decisively defeated Niger in the Battle of Issus (in southeast Anatolia) in the autumn of 194. (britannica.com)
  • In a show of support for French troops based in Niger, he brought with him the chef from the Elysee presidential palace, who oversaw a meal for the French troops in addition to American, Canadian and German forces. (nationalpost.com)
  • We need a public and civilized discourse about why US troops are involved in counterterrorism operations around the world, including in Niger. (cnn.com)
  • And deaths over the past year - in Syria, northern Iraq, Yemen, Niger - often involve US forces deployed either as part of small special operations raids (sometimes dedicated to intelligence gathering) or supporting teams working behind or with local troops who are spearheading the fight. (cnn.com)
  • But Kountche at the time declined a French offer to send troops to Niger to help provide security. (latimes.com)
  • In March, Malian and Niger soldiers joined forces with French forces in the area for an operation which mobilised around 5,000 troops under the ongoing Operation Barkhane deployment. (france24.com)
  • France says the army, in cooperation with authorities in Niger, intercepted the convoy late Thursday and destroyed it, while seizing a 'large quantity of arms' and capturing some of the men. (voanews.com)
  • Last January, Niger authorities restricted motorcycle traffic by day as well as night in a bid to crack down on jihadists operating in the region. (france24.com)
  • In 1989 (the most recent year for which passive data were available), Niger (population: 8 million) reported 288 cases of dracunculiasis to WHO. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1991, the Ministry of Health initiated a pilot project to control dracunculiasis in Boubon, Niger (population: approximately 4500), a village in which 2700 cases had been reported that year. (cdc.gov)
  • In early 2008, Amnesty international alleged the civilian population had suffered repeated attacks by the Nigerien military, who suspect the residents of supporting Niger Movement for Justice (Mouvement des Nigériens pour la justice, MNJ) rebels in the ongoing Second Tuareg Rebellion. (wikipedia.org)
  • How Niger is going to feed a population growing from 11 million today to 50 million in 2050 in a semi-arid country that may be facing adverse climate change is unclear. (guttmacher.org)
  • By mid-2010, Niger had an estimated population of 15.9 million and a TFR of 7.4 births per woman. (guttmacher.org)
  • The United Nations (UN) projections for Niger are similar: a population of between 47 million (TFR, 3.2) and 59.0 million (TFR, 4.2) by 2050, 3,4 reaching 98.5 million by 2100. (guttmacher.org)
  • Niger has a population of approximately 13 million inhabitants and was ranked 174 out of 177 countries by UNDP's Human Development Index in 2008. (wfp.org)
  • The Pentagon on Thursday provided lawmakers with a classified briefing detailing what the agency has uncovered so far in its investigation of the Niger ambush that left four US service members dead, amid swirling questions on Capitol Hill about the larger US strategy in Africa in the wake of the attack. (cnn.com)
  • The Niger River basin, located in western Africa, covers 7.5% of the continent and spreads over ten countries (Map 2 and Table 12). (fao.org)
  • Slavery is thought of as a thing of the past, but in certain African countries, such as Sudan, Niger and Mauritania, forced labour in its most ancient form still exists today. (ilo.org)
  • Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world. (state.gov)
  • These political tensions mounted against a backdrop of a deteriorating security situation, as Islamic insurgent groups active in neighboring countries threatened to encroach on Niger. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Although Mali and Niger joined the campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis when fewer than 3 years remained until the target date for eradication (December 1995), both countries were successful in rapidly establishing GWEPs. (cdc.gov)
  • Emergency food aid has reached many of those who are starving in the West African nation of Niger, but the crisis is intensifying in neighboring countries. (npr.org)
  • Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world with minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base, and is ranked last in the world on the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Index. (cia.gov)
  • 8 Niger is one of the few countries in the world with little or no overall unmet need for family planning, not because of access to contraceptive methods, but because of a strong pronatalist culture in which the desired family size is higher than the actual family size. (guttmacher.org)
  • Noting that China and Niger are good friends, partners and brothers, Xi said that the two countries have enhanced mutual political trust and have achieved fruitful outcomes in practical cooperation in several areas. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The Arizona senator said he was told the investigation is expected to last about 30 days, and once the Pentagon has finished with its assessment he'll decide whether to hold a public hearing on Niger. (cnn.com)
  • ZINDER, Niger, 13 December 2013 - Zila squats down under the tree in front of her home to measure the mid-upper arm circumference of her baby daughter Mariama with a bracelet. (unicef.org)
  • ZINDER, Niger, 18 October 2013 - Balkissa Ado is 17 years old. (unicef.org)
  • And she is the first girl from her village of Garin Touji, in Zinder, in the eastern part of the Niger, who has continued her studies after primary school. (unicef.org)
  • Niger fled but was overtaken and killed. (britannica.com)
  • Niger is overtaken by China, which was number 23 at 175.77 Kilograms Of Oil Equivalent Per Thousand US Dollars PPP = 2011 and is followed by Canada with 165.56 Kilograms Of Oil Equivalent Per Thousand US Dollars PPP = 2011. (nationmaster.com)
  • A suspected Islamic extremist in southeastern Niger detonated his explosives when confronted by a policeman Sunday morning, killing the officer and wounding civilians in a town targeted numerous times by jihadists this year. (voanews.com)
  • French Prime Minister Jean Castex led tributes to six French aid workers killed by suspected jihadists in Niger as their bodies arrived home in Paris on Friday. (france24.com)
  • Malaria information for Niger. (cdc.gov)
  • Mali and Niger are almost entirely dependent on the Niger River for their water resources. (fao.org)
  • To complete eradication of dracunculiasis, in 1994 health officials in Mali and Niger are planning to implement more stringent measures for case containment and begin selective use of temephos (Abate ) * to kill the copepod intermediate host of the parasite in unsafe drinking water sources of selected villages (2). (cdc.gov)
  • Apart from the Niger River, the other sources of perennial surface water is the Komadougou Yobé River. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area of the Niger River basin in Guinea is only 4% of the total area of the basin, but the sources of the Niger River are located in this country. (fao.org)
  • The source of the Niger River farthest away from the mouth is in the mountains of Guinea near the border with Sierra Leone. (fao.org)
  • Map of Niger River with Niger River basin in green. (mcgill.ca)
  • The Niger River is the principal river of western Africa , extending over 2500 miles (about 4000 km). (mcgill.ca)
  • The Niger is the third longest river in Africa, exceeded only by the Nile and the Congo River (also known as the Zaïre River). (mcgill.ca)
  • By the last name the Niger was known in its lower reaches before its identity with the upper river was established. (mcgill.ca)
  • This strange geography apparently came about because the Niger River is two ancient rivers joined together. (mcgill.ca)
  • The upper Niger, from the source past the fabled trading city of Timbuktu to the bend in the current river, once emptied into a now-gone lake, while the lower Niger started in hills near that lake and flowed south into the Gulf of Guinea. (mcgill.ca)
  • The northern part of the river, known as the Niger bend , is an important area because it is the closest major river and source of water to the Sahara desert. (mcgill.ca)
  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law See Niger River . (mcgill.ca)
  • A new expedition has been fitted out in England for the purpose of further exploring the celebrated river Niger, which is described by the Moors under the name of Net el Abeeti, or the "river of slaves," and called by the negroes, Joliba, or the "great waters. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The River Niger: A house-painter/poet struggles to support his cancer-plagued wife. (worldcat.org)
  • The River Niger: based on the Tony award winning play by Joseph A. Walker. (worldcat.org)
  • In August 2012, the worst flooding along the Niger River in nearly 100 years has killed dozens and left 125,000+ homeless. (wikitravel.org)
  • Niger: President Dowry Opens Important New Bridge Over River Niger. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: Third Conference Of River Niger Commission Opens. (britishpathe.com)
  • Conservation of wildlife is ensured by laws and regulations enacted by the Government of Niger , which has enforced a permanent ban on hunting so that animals such as lions, hippos and giraffes are safe in the wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • The struggle to meet the security challenges that surround Niger has served as an alibi for the government to restrict freedoms and civil liberties. (freedomhouse.org)
  • The government of Niger, in turn, has asserted that the food shortage was merely a manifestation of chronic poverty. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The government initially favored offering subsidized food, fearing free handouts would undermine markets and a long-term goal to lift Niger out of poverty. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Niger continues to face simultaneous emergencies that are stretching the capacities of the government and humanitarian partners to respond adequately. (unicef.org)
  • No fewer than thirty-six communities have been submerged by flood in Lapai Local government areas of Niger state. (indexmundi.com)
  • The government of Niger recommends vaccine for travelers departing Niger. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2009, a coup d'état toppled the elected government, and Niger is currently controlled by a military junta. (wikitravel.org)
  • Reinforced partnerships with the Government, United Nations agencies, financial institutions, regional, sub-regional and non-governmental organizations, academia and local communities will be the foundation of WFP's interventions in the Niger. (wfp.org)
  • "The US government is working closely with the government of Niger to secure the scene and mitigate inconveniences caused by the incident," the statement read, as quoted by AFP. (rt.com)
  • On January 16 and 17, evangelical Christian churches in Niger were targeted in a coordinated effort that used events surrounding the Charlie Hebdo attacks in Paris as a cover. (samaritanspurse.org)
  • Children in Niger face malnutrition, recurrent disease epidemics and outbreaks, cyclical floods, drought and displacement. (unicef.org)
  • Niger: Airlifts Bring Food To Drought Stricken Niger. (britishpathe.com)
  • Niger: After Drought, Niger Now Faces Locust Plague. (britishpathe.com)
  • Despite the drought, Kountche led Niger into becoming a model of sensible development and survival, using one of its chief resources, uranium, for income. (latimes.com)
  • In 2005, Niger suffered from a severe food security crisis aggravated by drought and locust invasions. (wfp.org)
  • Completion of training of village-based health workers for all villages in Niger with endemic disease is projected in early 1994. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1994, World Vision came to Niger with the objective of establishing longer-term community based projects focused on health, education and the protection of children, as well as responding to emergency food needs when necessary. (wvi.org)
  • Gen. Seyni Kountche, who survived four coup attempts as president of the west African state of Niger since 1974, died today in a Paris hospital due to complications from a brain tumor, the hospital said. (latimes.com)
  • The court at Melun ordered 200,000 euros ($260,000) in damages to be paid by France's state health fund to the widow of an employee of the Areva subsidiary Cominak, a Niger company which runs an Areva uranium mine at Akokan. (pambazuka.org)
  • Greenpeace reports that high radiation levels have been found on the streets of Akokan in Niger due to its proximity to uranium mines owned by Areva. (greenpeace.org)