The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
A subspecies of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. It is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease (PARATUBERCULOSIS), a chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A departure from the normal gait in animals.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
The expelling of bacteria from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract.
Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.
Virus diseases caused by the CIRCOVIRIDAE.
A syndrome characterized by outbreaks of late term abortions, high numbers of stillbirths and mummified or weak newborn piglets, and respiratory disease in young unweaned and weaned pigs. It is caused by PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE SYNDROME VIRUS. (Radostits et al., Veterinary Medicine, 8th ed, p1048)
The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A genus of the family CIRCOVIRIDAE that infects SWINE; PSITTACINES; and non-psittacine BIRDS. Species include Beak and feather disease virus causing a fatal disease in psittacine birds, and Porcine circovirus causing postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in pigs (PORCINE POSTWEANING MULTISYSTEMIC WASTING SYNDROME).
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
A chronic inflammation in which the NASAL MUCOSA gradually changes from a functional to a non-functional lining without mucociliary clearance. It is often accompanied by degradation of the bony TURBINATES, and the foul-smelling mucus which forms a greenish crust (ozena).
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
A species of ARTERIVIRUS causing reproductive and respiratory disease in pigs. The European strain is called Lelystad virus. Airborne transmission is common.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A species of PNEUMOVIRUS causing an important respiratory infection in cattle. Symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and respiratory distress.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOBACILLUS.
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.
A worldwide emerging disease of weaned piglets first recognized in swine herds in western Canada in 1997. This syndrome is characterized by progressive weight loss, rapid (tachypnea) and difficult (dyspnea) breathing, and yellowing of skin. PMWS is caused by PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS infection, specifically type 2 or PCV-2.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
A species of PARVOVIRUS causing reproductive failure in pigs.
A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
A chronic, clinically mild, infectious pneumonia of PIGS caused by MYCOPLASMA HYOPNEUMONIAE. Ninety percent of swine herds worldwide are infected with this economically costly disease that primarily affects animals aged two to six months old. The disease can be associated with porcine respiratory disease complex. PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA is often found as a secondary infection.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from pneumonic lesions and blood. It produces pneumonia with accompanying fibrinous pleuritis in swine.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.
Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that causes MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA OF SWINE. The organism damages the CILIA in the airways of the pig, and thus compromises one of the most effective mechanical barriers against invading pathogens. The resulting weakening of the IMMUNE SYSTEM can encourage secondary infections, leading to porcine respiratory disease complex.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
A genus of gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria causing a proliferative enteritis in animals, especially pigs, deer, horses, and rabbits.
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
Infections with bacteria of the family Desulfovibrionaceae.
A condition characterized by an abnormally elevated concentration of KETONE BODIES in the blood (acetonemia) or urine (acetonuria). It is a sign of DIABETES COMPLICATION, starvation, alcoholism or a mitochondrial metabolic disturbance (e.g., MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE).
Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS. It is mainly a pathogen of PIGS, but also can infect HORSES.
Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
A species of gram-negative bacteria causing MASTITIS; ARTHRITIS; and RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in CATTLE.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A highly contagious herpesvirus infection affecting the central nervous system of swine, cattle, dogs, cats, rats, and other animals.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection by any virus from the family HERPESVIRIDAE.
The condition of harboring an infective organism without manifesting symptoms of infection. The organism must be readily transmissible to another susceptible host.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PSEUDORABIES (Aujeszky's disease), a herpesvirus of swine and other animals.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
The family Odobenidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA. It is represented by a single species of large, nearly hairless mammal found on Arctic shorelines, whose upper canines are modified into tusks.
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Methods for recognizing the state of ESTRUS.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus HAEMOPHILUS, causing respiratory tract disease in CHICKENS known as infectious coryza.
A herpesvirus infection of CATTLE characterized by INFLAMMATION and NECROSIS of the mucous membranes of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from pigs. It is a pathogen of swine but rarely occurs in humans.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
A reovirus infection, chiefly of sheep, characterized by a swollen blue tongue, catarrhal inflammation of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often by inflammation of sensitive laminae of the feet and coronet.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
Infectious diseases of cattle, sheep, and goats, characterized by blepharospasm, lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and varying degrees of corneal opacity and ulceration. In cattle the causative agent is MORAXELLA (MORAXELLA) BOVIS; in sheep, MYCOPLASMA; RICKETTSIA; CHLAMYDIA; or ACHOLEPLASMA; in goats, RICKETTSIA.
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)
Clinically severe acute disease of cattle caused by noncytopathic forms of Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 (DIARRHEA VIRUS 2, BOVINE VIRAL). Outbreaks are characterized by high morbidity and high mortality.
A herpesvirus infection of cattle characterized by catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory and alimentary epithelia, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalitis and lymph node enlargement. Syn: bovine epitheliosis, snotsiekte.
Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
A species of anaerobic, spiral bacteria that was formerly classified as Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Treponema hyodysenteriae (and for a short while, Serpula hyodysenteriae). This organism is the agent of swine dysentery.
Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the order SPIROCHAETALES.
A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
One of several skin tests to determine past or present tuberculosis infection. A purified protein derivative of the tubercle bacilli, called tuberculin, is introduced into the skin by scratch, puncture, or interdermal injection.
The normal length of time of an organism's life.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
Infections with viruses of the genus PESTIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.
A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490)
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CORYNEBACTERIUM.
A federally administered division of Canada. Its capital is Yellowknife. The former northern and eastern-most parts of the Territory comprise the new territory of Nunavut, effective April 1, 1999.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.
"Largest Herds (Mammals)". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. "Climate data for Beaufort West". South African ... In 1849, Sir John Fraser (son of the local Dutch Reformed Church minister) observed and famously documented a herd of Springbok ... ISBN 1770073876, 9781770073876 "Rovos Rail : Journey Information : Cape Town : 2017 & 2018" (PDF). Retrieved 7 ...
"Herd Adds Vitto Brown". Wisconsin Herd. November 17, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2018. Clark, Steve (October 28, 2017). "Former ... Brown signed with the Wisconsin Herd of the NBA G League. Explaining why he joined the G-Legue, he said, "We could have went to ... Europe or to Canada but they wouldn't have gotten as good of competition." He appeared in five games for the Herd and averaged ... November 29, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2018. "Red Claws Trade For Vitto Brown". Maine Red Claws. January 23, 2018. Retrieved May ...
Herd, Colin. "Dismantling Documentary." Aesthetica, no. 69, Feb/Mar2016, pp. 24-29. ... In 2017, her practice shifted slightly. Dashti began investigating the natural world. Though the subject matter differs from ... 1, 2017, pp. 141-141. Project MUSE, "Iran-Iraq War". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-04-08 ... Moroz, Sarah (2017-08-22). "The Ghostly Beauty of Iran's Overgrown and Abandoned Spaces". AnOther. Retrieved 2018-03-26. Spring ...
Stan Herd. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1994 Seed Queen by Coleen Sheehy, Minnesota Historical Society Press: St. Paul, MN ... Agnes Denes, Matthew Moore (artist), Dennis Oppenheim and Stan Herd are practitioners of Crop art. Some works of Land art, and ... Retrieved 15 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Vanesian, Kathleen (January 13, 2010). "Food for Thought: ... Retrieved 15 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Dennis Oppenheim: Directed Seeding - Cancelled Crop 1969". ...
Herd, Emma. "Mariners captain Nick Montgomery to become an Australian citizen". The Daily Telegraph. News Corporation. ... On h1h May 2017 it was announced Montgomery had signed for the National Premier Leagues NSW outfit Wollongong Wolves, and on 1h ... 12 April 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. "Futures rosy as Scots sink Poland". The Scotsman. 6 December 2005. Retrieved 6 April ... As of 29 May 2017. Central Coast Mariners A-League Championship: 2012-13 Sheffield United F.C. Player of the Year: 2009-10 A- ...
"The Herd". AllMovie. Retrieved September 13, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Stewart, Bhob. "Hideous Kinky". ... Retrieved September 14, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Betzold, Michael. "White Fang 2: Myth of the White Wolf: ... Retrieved September 14, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Brennan, Sandra. "The Old Man and the Sea". AllMovie. ... Retrieved September 14, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Tobey, Matthew. "A Far Off Place: Overview". AllMovie. ...
Burden, Barry C.; Fletcher, Jason M.; Herd, Pamela; Jones, Bradley M.; Moynihan, Donald P. (2016). "How Different Forms of ... Martos, Alexander J.; Wilson, Patrick A.; Meyer, Ilan H. (2017-07-10). Prestage, Garrett (ed.). "Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and ... 2017-10-01). "Policy, politics and public health". European Journal of Public Health. 27 (suppl_4): 40-43. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ ... 2017). "Policy, politics and public health". European Journal of Public Health. 27 (suppl_4): 40-43. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx152 ...
However, Herd has also stated that he was forced to make the switch to 13 in because Firestone reduced the size of their tyres ... Designer Robin Herd started work on the car in November 1969, and by the 701's official press launch on 6 February 1970 two ... Herd did consider using side-mounted radiators, but these were too complex to design and build in the time available. The car's ... Herd attributed his choice of the double wishbone system to a desire to overcome the suspension geometry compromises necessary ...
In 2020, Taylor joined Herd That, a team comprised primarily of Marshall alumni, in The Basketball Tournament 2020. In 2019, ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Traylor, Grant (June 28, 2020). "Herd That banking on chemistry to push team through ... He played college basketball for the Marshall Thundering Herd before starting his professional career with Íþróttafélag ... Herd Insider. Retrieved 13 July 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rick McCann (1 February 2017). "Ryan Taylor wants ...
HERD)". "Skulpturstopp: Mothership with standing matter". "Destination Art , Art , Phaidon Store". "Skulpturstopp: "Gripping ... "Sparebankstiftelsen DNB: Tilbudet er en gave, ikke et gavekort". 2017-07-14. "Ordføreren under Plensa-åpning: - Håper vi får ...
As of 4 August 2016 "CONNOR BRANSON Men's Soccer roster". Marshall Thundering Herd. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018 ... He then had a spell coaching at Marshall University for the 2017 season. ...
In some cases, ranchers have reported that the mutilated cattle were among the healthiest and strongest animals in their herd. ... Retrieved 2011-08-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) O'Brien, Christopher (November 2014). Stalking the Herd. Kempton ... O'Brien, Christopher (November 2014). Stalking the Herd. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-939149-06-0 ... ISBN 978-1-939149-06-0. O'Brien, Christopher (November 2014). Stalking the Herd. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press. p. ...
Hoert, Jennifer; Herd, Ann M.; Hambrick, Marion (May 2018). "The Role of Leadership Support for Health Promotion in Employee ... Herd, and Hambrick (2016) used the Leading by Example instrument to find "employees experiencing higher levels of leadership ... Retrieved 2017-03-24. Otenyo, Eric E.; Smith, Earlene A. (2017). "An Overview of Employee Wellness Programs in Large U.S. ... Retrieved 2017-03-29. Fox, Lesley D.; Rejeski, W. Jack; Gauvin, Lise (May 2000). "Effects of Leadership Style and Group ...
Andrew N. Herd. "Fly Fishing in the Years 1800-1850". Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. Andrew ... Retrieved 20 June 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online Andrew N. Herd. "Fly fishing techniques in the fifteenth century". ... N. Herd. "Fly Fishing in the Eighteenth Century". Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. "fishing ... 12 June 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2018. "History of a Brixham trawler". 2 March 2009. Archived from the original on 2 ...
The park's bison herd is owned by the City and County of Denver. Some of the original bison were acquired from Yellowstone ... On I-70 just west of exit 254, there are scenic overlooks for both directions for viewing the historic Bison herd, which live ... "Only in Denver , Buffalo Herd Overlook". Visit Denver Blog. 2017-05-24. Retrieved 2021-02-15. "Denver Mountain Parks: Genesee ... Garcia, Melissa (2017-05-14). "Thief Steals Signs For The Blind". CBS4 Denver. Retrieved 2021-02-15. Bornstein, Sandy (2020-06- ...
Herd DW (2008). "Anxiety in Children Undergoing VCUG: Sedation or No Sedation?". Advances in Urology (Review article). Hindawi ... August 2017). "Urinary tract infection after voiding cystourethrogram". Journal of Pediatric Urology. 13 (4): 384.e1-e7. doi: ...
Gustafson, John (October 22, 2007). "The nerd herd". ESPN the Magazine. Retrieved April 3, 2013. "BasketballRecruiting.Rivals. ... Retrieved April 28, 2017. "North Hollywood Schools - Mapping L.A. - Los Angeles Times". Retrieved April ... Retrieved April 28, 2017. Keese, Parton. "Pro‐Celebrity Tennis is a Hit". Perry, Randy. "Randy Rhoads Biography/Timeline". ... Retrieved April 28, 2017. "City Council Candidates", Los Angeles Times, March 12, 1961. page SF-4 "April 1, 2003". Loveline. ...
Herd, George (2017). "Church marks 20 years of women priests". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2018. "Church in Wales Celebrates ... Retrieved 28 March 2017. D T W Price, A History of the Church in Wales in the Twentieth Century (Church in Wales Publications, ... In 2017 prayers for a child were released, together with a Revised Order for Confirmation, the latter authorised for five years ... Retrieved 8 October 2017. Wightwick, Abbie (17 September 2015). "Church votes YES for gay marriage but it's a long way to real ...
The song appeared in David Herd's 1776 compilation Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs. In it a husband (goodman) comes home to ... Francis James Child, in The English And Scottish Popular Ballads (1882), noted the version published by Herd (which he called A ... Herd, David (1776). Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs, Heroic Ballads, Etc. Volume 2. Edinburgh. pp. 172-5. Retrieved 21 March ... " ("Home came the husband at evening"). The early verses of this are much the same as in the Herd version, but in the final ...
Health Environment Research and Design journal (HERD), and the Health Care Advisory Board are additional sources of information ... 21 (1): 3. Stichler, Jaynelle F. (2010-01-07). "Weighing the Evidence". HERD. 3 (4): 3-7. doi:10.1177/193758671000300401. ISSN ... HERD. 1 (3): 61-125. doi:10.1177/193758670800100306. ISSN 1937-5867. PMID 21161908. Leape LL, Brennan TA, et al. (1991). "The ... Retrieved 2017-11-18. "Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army". www. ...
Large herds of deer are common. "Piebald" deer are occasionally seen. Peyton Doub has noted over the years numerous groundhogs ... A drought in late 2017 and early 2018 left the stream and wetlands dry throughout winter, spring, and early summer of 2018; but ...
"Herds of elephants come to Bakamuna villages". Dinamina. Retrieved 2021-04-26. "Attaragollewa statue - reclining Buddha of ... Retrieved 11 March 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Geology and the origin of the corundum-bearing skarn at ... Retrieved 11 March 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Ruins around the Amban River in Bakamuna". ... Retrieved 11 March 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "In protest against a nefarious soldier villages take to ...
"Why are there sheep being herded across London Bridge?". ITV News. 30 September 2018. "Alan Titchmarsh herds sheep over London ... The right to herd sheep and cattle across London's four bridges technically no longer applies, as there are no livestock ... "Protest Freeman herds sheep over Tower Bridge". BBC News. 19 August 1999. Retrieved 15 November 2010. "Sheep flock driven ... 7 February 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2020. "About the Regiment". "Key to the City of New York". New York City Commission for ...
... the number of breeders or herds; and the interval between generations of the animal. The GEH also publishes, in conjunction ... Accessed January 2017. Rote Liste der GEH e.V. (in German). Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen. ... Accessed January 2017. Gemeinsame Liste alter und einheimischer Geflügelrassen in Deutschland der GEH und des BDRG (in German ...
herding at Tabun cave. "New excavations at the Tabun cave, Mount Carmel, Israel, 1967-1972 : A preliminary report - Persée". ... The animals may have been herded towards it, and fell into the cave where they were butchered.[citation needed] Several fossils ... Retrieved 7 March 2017. Tillier, A.-M.; Arensburg, B. (October 2017). "Le Levant méditerranéen et les nomades moustériens : un ... Harvati, Katerina; Lopez, Elisabeth Nicholson (2017). "A 3-D Look at the Tabun C2 Jaw". Human Paleontology and Prehistory: 203- ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rangarajan, Malathi (28 December 2013). "Madhayaanai Koottam: Herd mentality". The ... Retrieved 16 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Vijay Sethupathi: Kathir teams up with Madhavan and Vijay ... Retrieved 16 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Kathir plays a 'strange' cop in this crime thriller - ... Retrieved 17 August 2017. K., Janani (25 October 2019). "Bigil Movie Review: Atlee gifts Vijay a kickass Diwali blockbuster". ...
Zadina officially joins Herd". 2 August 2017. Archived from the original on 9 March 2018. Retrieved 8 ... Retrieved 3 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Shohara, Kyle. "Ducks Select Seven Players in 2018 NHL Draft". ... Groulx next played in the 2017 Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament where he played 5 games for Canada scoring 1 goal and 2 assists ...
Herd, Andrew (2003) The Fly. Medlar Press. ISBN 978-1-899600-29-8 "A Macedonian way of catching fish... They fasten red ( ... Andrew N. Herd. "Fly fishing techniques in the fifteenth century". Archived from the original on 2014-06-21. Retrieved 2014-07- ... Herd, Andrew Dr (2001). The Fly. Ellesmere, Shropshire: Medlar Press. ISBN 1-899600-19-1. Schullery, Paul (1996). American Fly ... Herd, Andrew (2010). "Alfred Ronalds-The First Angler Entomologist". Angling Giants-Anglers Who Made History. Ellesmere, UK: ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Goaltender Gravel Set to Join the Herd". 2016-08-04. Retrieved ... Zadina officially joins Herd". 2017-08-02. Archived from the original on 2018-03-09. Retrieved 2018-03- ... 2017-03-27. Retrieved 2018-03-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Alex Gravel wondered if he was done as a No. 1 ... 2017-08-12. Retrieved 2018-03-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Kennedy, Ryan (March 24, 2016). "WHY A TOP QUEBEC ...
We need immunity systems that can fight this", and "We need herd immunity." Asked whether acquiring such immunity would entail ... Livingston, Abby (May 6, 2020). "We need herd immunity". Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 19, 2020. LeBlanc, Paul. "Texas ... Retrieved December 21, 2017. Lee, Jasmine C. (March 14, 2020). "How Every House Member Voted on the Coronavirus Relief Bill". ... 2017. "Mother's Day 2018". Chip for Congress 2020. May 13, 2018. Andrew Mark Miller (February 25, 2021). "Chip Roy slams ...
More of the animals were imported and added to the herd over the next three decades. In 1929 and 1930, 32 deer were transferred ... Retrieved 2017-12-31.. *^ Gaffiot, Félix (1934). Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (in French). Paris: Librairie Hachette. p ... "2017 Wildlife Survey" (PDF). 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2018-07-03.. ...
... with roaming herds of large, swift grazers pursued by predators across broad sweeps of open grasslands, displacing desert, ... according to the ICS, as of 2017.[1]. The Miocene ( /ˈmaɪəˌsiːn/[2][3]) is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and ...
"Changes in herd stallions among feral horse bands and the absence of forced copulation and induced abortion". Behavioral ... This page was last changed on 30 December 2017, at 14:43. ...
Kelliher, F. M.; Clark, H. (15 March 2010). "Methane emissions from bison-An historic herd estimate for the North American ... Retrieved 10 January 2017.. *^ "Once a Dream, Palm Oil May Be an Eco-Nightmare". The New York Times. 31 January 2007. Retrieved ... Retrieved 10 January 2017.. *^ "The bird communities of oil palm and rubber plantations in Thailand" (PDF). The Royal Society ... Retrieved 2017-01-10.. *^ Kluser, S. and Peduzzi, P. (2007) "Global pollinator decline: a literature review" UNEP/GRID - Europe ...
Individuals might be clustered together in an area due to social factors such as selfish herds and family groups. Organisms ... An advantage of a herd, community, or other clumped distribution allows a population to detect predators earlier, at a greater ...
... herding, circus performance, and assistance dogs. Poodles have taken top honors in many conformation shows, including "Best in ... "Archived from the original on 19 October 2017.. *^ "Best In Show Daily". Archived from the original on ... Archived from the original on 19 October 2017.. *^ Cawthorne, Nigel (2012). Canine Commandos: The Heroism, Devotion, and ... Retrieved 7 February 2017.. *^ "From American Kennel Club site". Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. ...
G2036 Culling the Commercial Cow Herd: BIF Fact Sheet, MU Extension. Retrieved on 2013-03-05. ... Fareed M, Kaisar Ahmad M, Azeem Anwar M, Afzal M (January 2017). "Impact of consanguineous marriages and degrees of inbreeding ...
... and ill-treated or tortured them before herding them onto the roads and away from their former homes. The operations were ... a b c d e f The Kurdish Population by the Kurdish Institute of Paris, 2017 estimate. The Kurdish population is estimated at 15- ... Who are the Kurds? by BBC News, 31 October 2017 *^ Asatrian, G. (2009). Prolegomena to the Study of the Kurds, Iran and the ... "25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2018.. *^ "Language according to age and sex by region 1990 - 2018". Statistics Finland. ...
A stallion sometimes scent marks his urination spots to make his position as herd stallion clear.[68] A male horse's penis is ... Retrieved 2017-06-18.. *^ "06/07/2002 - Mobile crews must have prompt access to nearby toilet facilities". Retrieved ...
Reynolds, Craig (1987). "Flocks, herds and schools: A distributed behavioral model". SIGGRAPH '87: Proceedings of the 14th ... Examples in natural systems of SI include ant colonies, bird flocking, animal herding, bacterial growth, fish schooling and ... Reynolds, C. W. (1987). "Flocks, herds and schools: A distributed behavioral model". Computer Graphics. 21 (4): 25-34. ... Retrieved 2017-01-20.. *^ Burns, Janet. "AI That Clinched The Trifecta Gave The Super Bowl To Green Bay--In August". Forbes. ...
... which they use in fighting for status within the herd and for defense. Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) of Asia are larger ... Retrieved 2017-11-28.. *^ Ronald Tilson, Philip J. Nyhus (2010), "Tiger morphology", Tigers of the world, Academic Press, ISBN ... revisiting the curious trophic relationships of South American Pleistocene mammals and their abundance Archived 2017-09-06 at ...
... which has raised human health concerns due to the widespread nature of MAP in modern dairy herds. MAP survival during ... Stage 1 human trials began in January 2017. He is also developing a companion MAP blood test. ...
Prosecutor Alun Jones told the court that Duckenfield gave the order to open the gates so that hundreds of fans could be herded ... 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.. *^ Pies and Prejudice: In Search of the North, Stuart Maconie, Random House, 2008, p. ... Retrieved 5 July 2017.. *^ a b "Hillsborough - The Report of the Hillsborough Independent Panel" (PDF). 12 September 2012. ... Retrieved 29 June 2017 - via Twitter.. *^ "Hillsborough disaster accused appear in court". BBC News Online. Retrieved 9 August ...
... the invention of the political infrastructure to manage larger herds from mobile homes based in the steppes.[14] ... 2017). "The Neolithic transition in the Baltic was not driven by admixture with early European farmers". Current Biology. 27 (4 ... 2017), Iron Age Scythians from the southern Ural region, East Kazakhstan and Tuva can best be described as a mixture of Yamnaya ... 2017). "Ancestry and demography and descendants of Iron Age nomads of the Eurasian Steppe". Nature Communications. 8: 14615. ...
Huddling is an extreme form of herding. Other forms of interaction include: crawling under, which is literally the act of ... 13 May 2017.. *^ Grota, L. J.; Ader, R. (1969). "Continuous recording of maternal behavior in Rattus norvegicus". Animal ... McCormick, CM; Cameron, CM; Thompson, MA; Cumming, MJ; Hodges, TE; Langett, M (2017). "The sexual preference of female rats is ... "Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2008.. ...
A last-minute offer by EAZA member Yorkshire Wildlife Park to adopt Marius into a bachelor herd in its giraffe house was ... which instead choose to use bachelor herds and birth control.[47] ... Retrieved 30 January 2017.. External links[edit]. *Council Directive 1999/22/EC EU Directive relating to the keeping of wild ... genes are well represented in the breeding programme and as there is no place for the giraffe in the zoo's giraffe herd the ...
Retrieved 2017-04-26.. *^ a b c d "Deadwood gambling spurred change, but the town's evolution continues". Rapid City Journal. ... The casino closed in August 2017.[26] Climate[edit]. Deadwood's climate varies considerably from the rest of the state and ... Wind Cave National Park with bison herd. Scenic routes. Roads. *Norbeck Scenic Byway ...
... possibly selective burning of then omnipresent woodland to create clearings for herds to gather and then hunt them. Hunting was ... Grant, R. G. (2017). 1001 Battles That Changed the Course of History. p. 195.. ...
Andrew N. Herd. "Fly fishing techniques in the fifteenth century". Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 16 ... "Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2014.. ...
Stallen M, De Dreu CK, Shalvi S, Smidts A, Sanfey AG (2012). "The herding hormone: oxytocin stimulates in-group conformity". ... Depew, Briggs; Eren, Ozkan; Mocan, Naci (2017). "Judges, Juveniles, and In-Group Bias". Journal of Law and Economics. 60 (2): ...
In the eighteenth century in Britain, only two types of terriers were recognized, long- and short-legged.[4] Today, terriers are often informally categorized by size or by function. Hunting-types are still used to find, track, or trail quarry, especially underground, and sometimes to bolt the quarry. Modern examples include the Jack Russell Terrier, Rat Terrier and the Patterdale Terrier. There are also the short-legged terriers such as the Cairn Terrier, Scottish Terrier, and West Highland White Terrier which were also used to kill small vermin. The original hunting terriers include the fell terrier-breeds developed in northern England to assist in the killing of foxes-and the hunt terrier-breeds developed in southern England to locate, kill or bolt foxes during a traditional mounted fox hunt. The various combinations of bulldog and terrier that were used for bull-baiting and dog-fighting in the late nineteenth century, were later refined into separate breeds that combined both terrier and ...
Wild populations of the Bactrian camel are even able to drink brackish water, and some herds live in nuclear test areas.[6] ... Small, gazelle-like camel that lived in large herds on the Great Plains ... 09 June 2017. *^ Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: ...
Griffith RJ, Jordan V, Herd D, Reed PW, Dalziel SR (April 2016). "Vapocoolants (cold spray) for pain treatment during ... Sportspeople suspended after attending boutique IV clinics include footballer Samir Nasri in 2017[15] and swimmer Ryan Lochte ...
It has isolated populations of feral goats Capra hircus and feral sheep (Ovis aries),[24] such as the herd of 1,000 Soay sheep ... on St Kilda.[50] Since 1952 a herd of semi-domesticated reindeer have lived in the Cairngorm National Park,[51][52] the species ... process and improve the health and resilience of the population a further 28 beavers will be released in Knapdale between 2017 ...
Some small herds are milked once a day for about the last 20 days of the production cycle but this is not usual for large herds ... As herd sizes increased a door was set into the front of each bail so that when the milking was done for any cow the milker ... As herd numbers increased so did the problems of animal health. In New Zealand two approaches to this problem have been used. ... As herd numbers increased it was easier to double-up the cup-sets and milk both cows simultaneously than to increase the number ...
Although most herds were milked during and soon after the Second World War the trend has been increasingly towards beefier ... The South Devon Herd Book Society was founded in 1891 when it was recognised by the government as an official body, and the ... Taverner's Farm in Devon has a small herd which they use to produce their own brand of ice cream (Orange Elephant ice cream). ... The South Devon Herd Book Society compiles a list of show results for the major events. ...
Richard Herd, 87, American actor (Seinfeld, All the President's Men, The China Syndrome), problems caused by colorectal cancer. ... Oleg Ivanovich Kovalyov, 71, Russian politician, MP (1999-2008) and Governor of Ryazan Oblast (2008-2017).[118] ... M. P. Veerendra Kumar, 83, Indian journalist and politician, MP (1996-1998, 2004-2009, 2016-2017, since 2018), cardiac arrest.[ ... Bob Lynn, 87, American politician, member of the Alaska House of Representatives (2003-2017).[281] ...
In Ethiopia it was estimated that as much as 90 percent of the national herd died, rendering rich farmers and herders destitute ... The Sahelian famine was associated with the slowly growing crisis of pastoralism in Africa, which has seen livestock herding ... Retrieved 15 October 2017.. *^ a b David Pilling (22 March 2017). "As democracy retreats, famine makes a comeback" (( ... Retrieved 8 December 2017.. *^ "Millions of people are on the brink of starvation in the Horn of Africa". Retrieved 1 ...
More recent contributors to the loss of forest cover include the growth in cattle herd size since their introduction around ...
... the herd included. The Christianity of the New Testament would be: in case that man were really able to love in such a way that ... "herd mentality" of the population, so to speak.[163] Kierkegaard always stressed the importance of the conscience and the use ... Klempe, Sven Hroar (2017) [2014]. Kierkegaard and the Rise of Modern Psychology. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. p. 74. ISBN 978 ... Retrieved 14 January 2017.. *^ Stossel, Scott (April 1996). "Right, Here Goes". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group. ...
The Thundering Herd will host two of the four non-conference opponents, Kent State and Miami of Ohio, both from the Mid- ... The Thundering Herd played their home games at the Joan C. Edwards Stadium in Huntington, West Virginia, and competed in the ... The Thundering Herd will host CUSA foes FIU, Old Dominion, Southern Miss, and Western Kentucky (WKU), and will travel to ... Marshall announced its 2017 football schedule on January 26, 2017. The 2017 schedule consists of 6 home and away games in the ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Marshall Thundering Herd. "Marshall Thundering Herd on Yahoo! Sports - News, Scores, ... "Marshall Thundering Herd Womens Basketball - Thundering Herd News, Scores, Stats, Rumors & More". ESPN. Retrieved 2017-12-27. ... The Thundering Herd, led by first year head coach Tony Kemper, play their home games at the Cam Henderson Center and are ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Marshall Thundering Herd Official Athletic Site :: Womens Basketball". Herdzone.Com. ...
The Australian cattle herd is expected to increase in 2017 for the first time in three years, up 3% year-on-year to 26.9 ... Rebuilding in some regions could be delayed and it seems unlikely that the full Queensland herd will recover to pre-drought ... Producers in southern Australia - New South Wales and Victoria in particular - are expected to rebuild their herds at a faster ... "In contrast, the northern Australia herd is not only in a greater deficit, but the otherwise anticipated above-average branding ...
Any producers who are looking for suggestions on ways to reduce the risk of CWD in their herd over and above current VHCP ... Chapter 13 - Chronic Wasting Disease Voluntary Herd Certification Program - July 2017 13.6 Appendix 5: Suggested Biosecurity ... below are not currently a requirement of the Chronic Wasting Disease Voluntary Herd Certification Program (CWD VHCP). Canada ... requirements (which include keeping detailed herd records, inventory, and accounting for movements of animals in and out) may ...
In the December 2017 Issue:. Cover Story. Colic: Are You Prepared?. Being well-prepared for colic could mean the difference ... Copyright © 2017 The Horse Media Group LLC. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without ... International Hoof Care Summit 2017. Cincinnati, Ohio. AAEP Convention 2016. Orlando, Florida. BEVA Congress 2016. Birmingham, ...
Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 4:53 PM 1 Friends with something to say ... Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 3:59 PM 7 Friends with something to say ... Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 5:18 AM 1 Friends with something to say ... Herding Grasshoppers I am a Christian, a wife, and a home-educating SAHM to three very enthusiastic boys. Trying to focus their ...
Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 6:08 PM 3 Friends with something to say ... Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 10:08 AM 4 Friends with something to say ... Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 5:55 AM 0 Friends with something to say ... Posted by Herding Grasshoppers at 9:23 AM 5 Friends with something to say ...
Herd immunity (also called herd effect, community immunity, population immunity, or social immunity) is a form of indirect ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Herd immunity.. *A visual simulation of herd immunity written by Shane Killian and ... called the herd immunity threshold (HIT) or herd immunity level (HIL), the disease may no longer persist in the population, ... from herd immunity and spread more easily.[30][31] At the molecular level, viruses escape from herd immunity through antigenic ...
Herding Group Winner:. GCh. Ch. Lockenhaus Rumor Has It V Kenlyn, a German Shepherd Dog known as "Rumor," owned by Deborah ... And #Rumor has it ! The #GermanShepherd is the winner of the Herding Group. #WKCDogShow ... Westminster Dog Show (@WKCDOGS) February 15, 2017. Working Group Winner:. GCh. Ch. Mephistos Speak Of The Devil, a Boxer known ... Westminster Dog Show (@WKCDOGS) February 15, 2017. Terrier Group Winner:. GChS. Ch. Taliesin Twice As Nice, a Norwich Terrier ...
Herding Cats. Performance-Based Project Management® Principles, Processes, & Practices to Increase Probability of Cost, ... August 25, 2017. Concept of Operations. One of the root causes of project failure is the failure to apply the first principle ...
Herding Cats. Performance-Based Project Management® Principles, Processes, and Practices to Increase Probability of Project ... January 08, 2017. Risk Management. Risk Management is How Adults Manage Projects - Tim Lister ...
Join the Herd in "Counting Sheep," an Immersive Folk Opera Embroiled in the 2014 Ukrainian Protests. by Nicole Serratore. ... Though the singers are talented, and the band colorful, the shows strength is more about what your presence among the herd ... It also brought some retrospective clarity to the biggest art controversy of 2017." ...
Seasonal variation in the composition and processing characteristics of herd milk with varying proportions of milk from spring- ... Guinee, TP, OBrien, B & Mulholland, EO 2007 The suitability of milk from a spring-calved dairy herd during the transition from ... Seasonal variation in the composition and processing characteristics of herd milk with varying proportions of milk from spring- ... rennet gelation and heat-stability characteristics suggest that milk from a mixed-herd of spring- and autumn-calving cows is ...
Dairy Herd Management provides business information and editorial leadership to commercial dairy owners, managers and ... Dec 30, 2017 by Wyatt Bechtel Corn, soybeans, beef, dairy and hogs all rank in the top 14 for the Magnolia State in agriculture ... Poultry Tops Mississippis $7.3 Billion Agriculture Economy in 2017 ...
A meeting point of entropy and bifurcations in cross-diffusion herding† - Volume 28 Issue 2 - ANSGAR JÜNGEL, CHRISTIAN KUEHN, ... 7] Burger, M., Markowich, P. & Pietschmann, J.-F. (2011) Continuous limit of a crowd motion and herding model: Analysis and ... A meeting point of entropy and bifurcations in cross-diffusion herding†. * ANSGAR JÜNGEL (a1), CHRISTIAN KUEHN (a2) and LARA ... 16] Delitala, M. & Lorenzo, T. (2014) A mathematical model for value estimation with public information and herding. Kinet. ...
Elephants are social animals that live in close contact with others in herds, making transmission likely within a herd. Medical ... How many and which elephants has she encountered in those herds?. "Our model takes the analysis to the next level. If the zoo ... And new elephants in their herds are often retested or isolated temporarily to reduce the transmission of the disease. ... How a SAS data scientist applies machine learning to prevent a pachyderm pandemic and improve herd health. ...
... ^ , June 4, 2019 , James Rogers , ... Researchers have discovered the fossilized remains of a herd of dinosaurs in an opal mine in the Australian outback. The ... April 14, 2017 It is extremely rare for conditions to be right for formation of fossils; and even more rare for opalised ... 3 posted on 06/04/2019 9:17:27 PM PDT by ETL (REAL Russia ...
The Elephant Whisperer: My Life with the Herd in the African Wild has 6 available editions to buy at Alibris ... My Life with the Herd in the African Wild by Lawrence Anthony starting at $4.00. ... The Elephant Whisperer: My Life with the Herd in the African Wild. by Lawrence Anthony 1 Customer Review ... All Editions of The Elephant Whisperer: My Life with the Herd in the African Wild 2017, MP3 format ...
Genet. 2017, 48, 466-469. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]. *Sellier, P.; Maignel, L.; Bidanel, J.P. Genetic parameters for ... Sci. 2017, 97, 395-405. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Faucitano, L.; Rivest, J.; Daigle, J.P.; Levesque, J.; Gariepy, C. ... Docket 2017, 82, 48971-48976. [Google Scholar]. *Apple, J.K. Nutritional effects on pork quality in swine production. In ... BMC Genet. 2017, 18, 13. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]. *Won, S.; Jung, J.; Park, E.; Kim, H. Identification of genes ...
... fun discussion of what we can learn from horses and herds-- about power, conncetion, dominance, leadership, psychopaths, and ... The Power of the Herd; Non-Predatory Power and Horse Sense; Intvw With Linda Kohanov - a fascinating, ... The Power of the Herd; Non-Predatory Power and Horse Sense; Intvw With Linda Kohanov. By Rob Kall (View How Many People Read ... You said that horses have consciousness of collective power of the herd-- as member of a larger collective mind. ...
Meet the Irish cattle herd with 12,000 followers on Instagram The Kilsunny herd is one of many farm businesses turning to ... One of my least favourite tasks on the farm - I put it right up there with picking stones - is our annual herd test, which we ... Are you just following the herd or is there logic behind your dairy expansion.... ... ...
Eagle Eye Director D.J. Caruso Herding Up The Goats for Next Film. by Ethan Anderton October 3, 2011. Source: Variety. ... Alexs Top 10 - 2017. 1. Call Me By Your.... 2. War for Apes. 3. Shape of Water. 4. Florida Project. 5. Dunkirk. 6. Jane. 7. ... Jeremys Top 10 - 2017. 1. mother!. 2. Lady Bird. 3. A Ghost Story. 4. The Big Sick. 5. Dunkirk. 6. Get Out. 7. Killing Sacred ...
The Henry Herd Charitable Trust in North West is featured in the Social Welfare charity database on Charity Choice. ... Charity Choice list of charities includes The Henry Herd Charitable Trust and other Poverty charities. ... The Henry Herd Charitable Trust: Activate your charity profile today - and you can do all this for FREE.... ... The Henry Herd Charitable Trust 14 CHURCH STREET AMBLESIDE CUMBRIA LA22 0BT ...
The Impact of Loss Aversion Bias on Herding Behavior of Young Swedish Retail Investors: A Behavioral Perspective on Young ... Hence, loss aversion bias cannot be considered as one of the major contributors of herding within the target population. ... Behavioral Finance, Loss Aversion, Herding Behavior, Swedish Retail Investors National Category Business Administration ... the main purpose of this thesis is to explore if the loss aversion bias has a significant causal impact on forming herding ...
Restocking herds to rebuild lives and livelihoods in northeastern Nigeria. stories. - To strengthen resilience of communities ... Communiqué on the food and nutrition situation (June-August) and the 2017-18 agropastoral outlook. ...
A wide range in herd prevalence of CWD at the time of herd depopulation of these herds was observed. Within-herd transmission ... Twenty-one of the herds were linked through movements of live animals with latent CWD from a single infected source herd in ... The source herd is believed to have become infected via importation of animals from a game farm in South Dakota where CWD was ... Domestic cervid herds confirmed to be infected with CWD in Canada in 2016 Date confirmed Location Animal type infected February ...
... where herd immunity should have effectively prevented the outbreak. ... where herd immunity should have effectively prevented the outbreak. ... Herd Immunity Does Not Work for Measles. Its quite possible that revaccinating adults still would not achieve herd immunity ... Herd Immunity and Vaccination. What hes talking about is achieving and maintaining so-called vaccine-acquired "herd immunity ...
The Financial Impact of Decreased Milk Production Due to Subclinical Mastitis in German Dairy Herds.(Arastirma Makalesi/ ... On an average herd level, which was 637 dairy cows in this study, a total decrease of gross milk receipts was calculated to be ... The average herd size was 637 cows (min. 337, max. 1,149 cows) and the average number of milking cows was 557. All farms used a ... Herd managers and staff on the surveyed farms often argued that their average SCC always stays underneath the local German ...
Clover Sonoma Grows Its Herd with New Additions to Its Dairy Product Family. ... Launched in 2017, CytoSports EVOLVE� brand is part of the leading sports... ...
Results from this molecular epidemiological study provide evidence for herd-level clonal replacement over time that may have ... Results from this molecular epidemiological study provide evidence for herd-level clonal replacement over time that may have ... were separately investigated in an Australian beef herd over a 9-month study period. Variation in shedding was observed over ... were separately investigated in an Australian beef herd over a 9-month study period. Variation in shedding was observed over ...
  • Herd immunity (also called herd effect , community immunity , population immunity , or social immunity ) is a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population has become immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune. (
  • [3] Some individuals cannot become immune due to medical reasons and in this group herd immunity is an important method of protection. (
  • [4] [5] Once a certain threshold has been reached, herd immunity gradually eliminates a disease from a population. (
  • [7] Herd immunity does not apply to all diseases, just those that are contagious , meaning that they can be transmitted from one individual to another. (
  • [5] Tetanus , for example, is infectious but not contagious, so herd immunity does not apply. (
  • The term herd immunity was first used in 1923. (
  • [8] Mass vaccination to induce herd immunity has since become common and proved successful in preventing the spread of many infectious diseases . (
  • [9] Opposition to vaccination has posed a challenge to herd immunity, allowing preventable diseases to persist in or return to communities that have inadequate vaccination rates. (
  • High levels of immunity in one age group can create herd immunity for other age groups. (
  • Herd immunity doesn't work the same way for vaccines like it does for naturally acquired immunity, which confers a more robust, longer lasting immunity that may be life long. (
  • What he's talking about is achieving and maintaining so-called vaccine-acquired "herd immunity," the theory which maintains that once a majority of people have been vaccinated, the infectious disease in question can no longer spread and everyone is protected, including the tiny minority who for whatever reason are not or cannot be vaccinated. (
  • While there is such a thing as herd immunity among populations in which a majority has had the infectious disease and acquired a long lasting natural immunity, vaccines confer only temporary artificial immunity, and so true herd immunity is unlikely to be fully achieved, even if nearly 100 percent of the population are vaccinated. (
  • It's quite possible that revaccinating adults still would not achieve herd immunity for measles. (
  • No medicine is available to treat mumps but increasing herd immunity through vaccinations could be a key to avoiding a local outbreak, according to local doctors. (
  • Staying up to date on immunizations can help increase herd immunity, which in turn can help reduce chances of spreading the disease, Levent said. (
  • Herd immunity - or community immunity - is when "a sufficient proportion of a population is immune to an infectious disease (through vaccination and/or prior illness) to make its spread from person to person unlikely," according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. (
  • Herd immunity is achieved when 90 percent of the population is immunized, said Dr. Lawrence Martinelli, infectious disease physician with Covenant Health. (
  • Getting vaccinated can boost herd immunity, he said. (
  • Natural vs. artificial herd immunity: What have failed vaccination programs taught us? (
  • Natural News ) Herd immunity is a concept by which an infectious agent can no longer spread across a population because a sufficiently large percentage of individuals have immunity, either from a history of exposure to the wild-type of the infectious agent, or due to acquired immunity from vaccination with a vaccine designed to protect against the wild-type. (
  • From an individual perspective, herd immunity can afford protection to one who is not immune. (
  • Herd immunity is sought, in part, due to concern over individuals who are immunocompromised because they are more likely to contract a circulating pathogen in a population in which the infectious agent is relatively free to spread. (
  • Either through natural immunity or through vaccination, sufficient herd immunity can, in principle, bring the rate of transmission of an infectious agent to zero, with immune individuals collectively acting as a barrier to the spread of the infectious agent, until it "burns out. (
  • Unless there is a natural reservoir, herd immunity can be a factor that can contribute to the eradication of infectious agents. (
  • In most mainstream descriptions of herd immunity, the contribution of natural immunity is diminished, or not even mentioned, as the individuals are counted as part of the percentage that have been infected. (
  • This difference is one of the reasons why there can be no one fixed rule for percentage of vaccination rate required to achieve sufficient herd immunity. (
  • Scientists believe individuals in the Americas have developed herd immunity that has resulted in a significant drop-off in Zika incidence. (
  • That sounds like the opposite of herd immunity. (
  • Today, I have a few words to say about herd immunity because there's very little science in the discussion about it. (
  • First things first, herd immunity refers to that stage in the spread of a disease when a sufficient fraction of the population has become immune to the pathogen so that transmission will be suppressed. (
  • It's called "herd immunity" because it was first observed about a century ago in herds of sheep and, in some ways we're not all that different from sheep. (
  • Now, herd immunity is the only way a disease that is not contained will stop spreading. (
  • However, in the current debate about the pursuit of herd immunity in response to the ongoing COVID outbreak, the term "herd immunity" has specifically been used to refer to herd immunity achieved by exposure to the virus, instead of waiting for a vaccine. (
  • Second things second, when does a population reach herd immunity? (
  • There is a simple answer to the question when a population reaches herd immunity. (
  • This simple answer is that one can calculate the fraction of people who must be immune for herd immunity from the basic reproduction number R_0 as 1- 1/R_0. (
  • R_0 for COVID has been estimated with 2 to 3, meaning that the fraction of people who must have had the disease for herd immunity would be around 50 to 70 percent. (
  • Roughly speaking this means that if we would all be very careful and very reasonable, then herd immunity would be easier to achieve. (
  • But that R can change is not the biggest problem with estimating herd immunity. (
  • This means, if you use information about the mobility patterns, social networks, and population heterogeneity, the herd immunity threshold is lower because the biggest spreaders are the first to stop spreading. (
  • Taking this into account, some researchers have estimated the COVID herd immunity threshold to be more like 40% or in some optimistic cases even below 20% . (
  • Can't I Just Rely on Herd Immunity? (
  • Because high rates of measles vaccination creates a population protection effect called herd immunity, some parents or physicians may be tempted to forgo vaccination for the individual child to instead rely on herd immunity protection. (
  • This presentation will examine whether it is a good idea to skip vaccination to instead rely on herd immunity. (
  • The analysis of herd immunity to measles in the Republic of Tatarstan indicates epidemiological well-being, with the values correlating with average values across the Russian Federation (RF) in the following indicator groups: 3-4 and 9-10 years of age. (
  • The Bad News Is We May Not Get to Herd Immunity. (
  • Impact of the serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenAfriVac, on carriage and herd immunity. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: The disappearance of NmA carriage among both vaccinated and unvaccinated populations is consistent with a vaccine-induced herd immunity effect. (
  • In other words, this is a prime example of herd immunity in action. (
  • That strongly indicates that the vaccine is providing herd immunity against the strains it targets. (
  • The change isn't likely to kick in until the second half of 2017, with the first six months of the year continuing on the same track as 2016, with tight supplies, strong restocker demand and the subsequent likelihood of a strong young cattle market. (
  • Herds infected with Chronic Wasting Disease in Canada - 2016 The CFIA works with provincial governments and industry to conduct regular Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) surveillance. (
  • The growth follows from a somewhat surprising annual increase in the pig herd reported in June 2016, in which both the finishing herd and breeding herd rose by 2 per cent. (
  • The overall stability in the female breeding herd contrasts with the year-on-year growth shown in the December 2016 survey, and given the increased profitability of pig production this year the change could be somewhat understated. (
  • The Marshall Thundering Herd travel to Fifth Third Arena to play the Cincinnati Bearcats on Thursday, December 22, 2016. (
  • In 2016 the herd joined the Organic Scheme. (
  • Assuming average rainfall, the southern Australia herd could return to pre-drought levels by 2018," Mr Thomas said. (
  • Enrolling Now for 2017-2018! (
  • The study investigated the seasonal changes in the compositional, physicochemical and processing characteristics of milk from a mixed-herd of spring- and autumn-calving cows during the year 2014-2015. (
  • The absence of a significant effect of season for most compositional parameters, rennet gelation and heat-stability characteristics suggest that milk from a mixed-herd of spring- and autumn-calving cows is suitable for the manufacture of cheese and milk powder on a year-round basis, when the volume proportion of autumn milk, as a % of total, is similar to that of the current study. (
  • On an average herd level, which was 637 dairy cows in this study, a total decrease of gross milk receipts was calculated to be almost [euro] 241,000 per year. (
  • Skimmed milk -- Straight from the cow ( Herds of cows producing skimmed milk c. (
  • Herds of cows producing skimmed milk could soon be roaming our pasture. (
  • Herds of cows producing skimmed milk could soon be roaming our pastures, reports Cath O'Driscoll in Chemistry & Industry, the magazine of the SCI. (
  • Scientists in New Zealand have discovered that some cows have genes that give them a natural ability to produce skimmed milk and plan to use this information to breed herds of milkers producing only skimmed milk. (
  • The rogue cows were disco vered when biotech company ViaLactia screened the range of milk compositions across the entire herd of 4m New Zealand cattle. (
  • In much of Africa a herd of cattle is more than just cows. (
  • John Barlow, professor of animal sciences at the University of Vermont, thinks the cows in the university's research herd may be able to help. (
  • Barlow is quick to point out that none of the cows in the UVM herd will be exposed to any diseases -- they're just providing the resource that a highly inbred research herd allows when trying to look at the range of genetic responses. (
  • Increasing number of dairy cows, growing demand for high-quality milk and milk products, presence of a large number of dairy producing units, and large volume of milk production are the major factors driving the growth of the European dairy herd management market. (
  • Newswise - WASHINGTON, D.C., June 20, 2017 -- The image of grazing cows in a field has long conjured up a romantic nostalgia about a relaxed pace of rural life. (
  • Cows grazing in a herd is an interesting example of a complex system," said Bollt. (
  • Cows move and eat in herds to protect themselves from predators," said Bollt. (
  • But since they eat at varying speeds, the herd can move on before the slower cows have finished eating. (
  • The article, "Modeling the lowest-cost splitting of a herd of cows by optimizing a cost function," is authored by Kelum Gajamannage, Erik M. Bollt, Mason A. Porter and Marian S. Dawkins. (
  • Research, led by dairy consultancy Kite, studied 350 dairy farms varying from 50 to 600 cows and found no correlation between antibiotics use, herd size and milk yield. (
  • One small herd (under 100 cows) used 30mg/kg compared with another 600-cow herd that used just 10mg/kg, for example. (
  • Based on a per litre parameter, larger herds were better because their cows were typically higher yielding. (
  • The third affected dairy, with 13,000 cows, will keep its herd and undergo testing for the disease, McCluskey says. (
  • This course prepares the learner to analyze the economic aspect of dairy cow reproduction, explain the reproductive system of a bull, breed cows using artificial insemination, make effective mating decisions, select mating programs for milk production, assess reproductive diseases, treat reproductive diseases, utilize computer technology to document herd health, analyze the effects of hormones on reproduction, and analyze reproductive technologies. (
  • The herd runs 35 pedigree cows, with the majority of these females being polled. (
  • While Mississippi producers won't have the same cows with the same genomic compositions as the MSU herd, we are looking for things that they can apply to their own set of animals. (
  • The 2017 Marshall Thundering Herd football team represented Marshall University in the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season. (
  • The Thundering Herd played their home games at the Joan C. Edwards Stadium in Huntington, West Virginia, and competed in the East Division of Conference USA (C-USA). (
  • The Thundering Herd will host two of the four non-conference opponents, Kent State and Miami of Ohio, both from the Mid-American Conference and travel to Cincinnati of the American Athletic Conference and NC State of the Atlantic Coast Conference. (
  • The 2017-18 Marshall Thundering Herd women's basketball team represents the Marshall University during the 2017-18 NCAA Division I women's basketball season. (
  • The Thundering Herd, led by first year head coach Tony Kemper, play their home games at the Cam Henderson Center and are members of Conference USA. (
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Marshall Thundering Herd. (
  • Marshall Thundering Herd on Yahoo! (
  • Featuring a lineup that lacked key playmaker Tom Jackson and a few other regulars, the members of the Thundering Herd soccer team took to Sam Hood Field looking to replicate a 2010 performance that had seen them defeat the Keydets by a 3-1 scoreline. (
  • The Thundering Herd come into this game with an overall record of 7-4 and a road record of 0-4. (
  • Jon Elmore comes into this contest averaging 20.9 points per game while playing 34.2 minutes per night so far this season for the Thundering Herd. (
  • The Thundering Herd allow 85.8 points per game to their opponents which ranks them 338th in the nation. (
  • The Thundering Herd average 80.8 points per game on the road this season and they have scored 94.7 ppg in their past 3 contests. (
  • The Thundering Herd have an offensive rating of 111.4 and they assist on 58.1% of their shots. (
  • The Thundering Herd give up 98.8 points per game on the road this season and they have surrendered 100 points per contest in their last 3 games. (
  • The sheep were herded up the street along Canada Boulevard which is in front of Cunard's building. (
  • It's not often you see a flock of sheep herded down the Pier Head, but I'm more than happy to be part of the spectacle as we celebrate giving Cunard the highest honour the city can bestow. (
  • Did you see Cunard herding sheep today? (
  • Who Are The Sheep In Your Herd? (
  • Yes, the sheep in my wild and whacky herd are awesome and I wouldn't have it any other way. (
  • The Australian cattle herd is expected to increase in 2017 for the first time in three years, up 3% year-on-year to 26.9 million head, according to Meat & Livestock Australia's (MLA) 2017 Cattle Industry projections released today. (
  • The growing demand for dairy products in developing countries (owing to the rising population) and growing support from various public-private organizations for small-scale dairy farmers in developing countries are the major factors driving the demand for dairy herd management products in this end-user segment. (
  • Continuous advancements in dairy herd management technologies, in terms of automation, real-time analysis, ease of use, and improved functionality, are generating increased interest among dairy farmers towards these products. (
  • Their herding instinct was invaluable for early farmers, but it's not so great today. (
  • Farmers have also been urged to share herd health history, underscored as being particularly relevant for private transactions in an industry wide initiative started this autumn. (
  • This led to larger herds, and the increased demand for grazing resources could have led to herding strategies that took advantage of grazing grounds away from the permanent settlement. (
  • Corn, soybeans, beef, dairy and hogs all rank in the top 14 for the Magnolia State in agriculture value in 2017. (
  • Previously, the shedding dynamics and molecular diversity, through the use of multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) of STEC O157, were separately investigated in an Australian beef herd over a 9-month study period. (
  • Shedding of STEC O157 by beef cattle has been described both in feedlot and pasture based settings ( 13 ), with variation in prevalence estimates between herds and between regions ( 10 , 14 , 15 ). (
  • Another 150 California herds, potentially including beef cattle, are being tested. (
  • A new breed record for a Beef Shorthorn cow and calf was set at the second part of the dispersal sale of Douglas McMillan's Perthshire-based Coldrochie herd. (
  • Richard and Anne Lee run the Knockagarry Beef Shorthorn herd near Mitchelstown, Co. Cork. (
  • While the beef Shorthorn breed is a very maternal breed anyway, the Knockagarry herd has an average replacement index of €141 for its breeding females. (
  • The Financial Impact of Decreased Milk Production Due to Subclinical Mastitis in German Dairy Herds. (
  • The presence of infected but non-clinical carrier animals in the herd provides a source of environmental exposure, with intermittent shedding in manure, milk, saliva, and urine resulting in infection of susceptible animals. (
  • The researchers also plan to breed commercial herds producing milk wit. (
  • The researchers also plan to breed commercial herds producing milk with the unique characteristics required to make a butter that is spreadable straight from the fridge. (
  • In 2017, the milk harvesting segment is estimated to command the largest share of the dairy herd management market. (
  • Factors such as increasing herd size of dairy farms, substantial cost savings associated with dairy herd management, growing consumption of milk and dairy products, increasing public-private funding and investments towards development of dairy farms, and technological advancements are driving the dairy herd management market. (
  • According to a study published 26 July 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Claudia Gerling from University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, and colleagues, over the course of the Neolithic, secondary products from cattle such as milk, manure and animal power became more important. (
  • John Blanton, head of the Department Animal and Dairy Sciences in the MSU College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, said the university's Bearden Dairy Research Center has integrated technology and new management techniques into its herd to increase milk production and quality. (
  • the main purpose of this thesis is to explore if the loss aversion bias has a significant causal impact on forming herding behavior among young Swedish retail investors. (
  • it can be concluded that there is not a significant correlation between the degree of loss aversion and the degree of herding behavior within the sample group of young Swedish retail investors. (
  • Researchers have constructed a model that incorporates a cost function to explore the behavior of cow herds. (
  • A team of mathematicians and a biologist has now built a mathematical model that incorporates a cost function to behavior in such a herd to understand the dynamics of such systems. (
  • Purpose: Herding is a phenomenon by which individuals follow the behavior of others rather than deciding independently on the basis of their own private information. (
  • The biosecurity and good management practices (GMPs) below are not currently a requirement of the Chronic Wasting Disease Voluntary Herd Certification Program (CWD VHCP). (
  • Cow vaccines go vroom ( In much of Africa a herd of cattle i. (
  • Then, in later years in the project, we'll start to test vaccines in herds in Africa," he says. (
  • BOISE, Idaho (AP) A federal appeals court has dismissed an effort to allow the sterilization of a herd of wild horses in Idaho. (
  • Suzanne Roy, executive director of American Wild Horse Campaign, said that sterilizing the Idaho herd could have led to the sterilization of herds in other states. (
  • Clifton, Will deer sterilization thin a local herd? (
  • This is the predominant clinical sign in some herds, particularly in Europe, where abortion may be the first indication of infection in a herd. (
  • This report describes the clinical and pathological effects of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus infection in three pig herds, showing that PRRSv infection increased the incidence of other common diseases in each case. (
  • This report describes the clinical and pathological effects of PRRS virus infection in three herds and the laboratory investigations realised on samples submitted. (
  • Preliminary results indicate the infection in the first and second herds are not related. (
  • Direct movement of an infected animal from the first herd carried the infection to the third herd. (
  • The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence (and its associated factors) of herding in the management of MS. Methods: We conducted a study among neurologists with expertise in MS care throughout Spain. (
  • A 120-sow farrow-to-finish swine herd started with a respiratory outbreak in growing and finishing pigs with moderate morbidity (35 per cent) and low mortality (one per cent). (
  • Rebuilding in some regions could be delayed and it seems unlikely that the full Queensland herd will recover to pre-drought levels until 2021. (
  • Years of drought and herd shrinkage have served the same effect in the market as Darwinistic evolution in the wild, Oklahoma State University agriculture economics professor Derrell Peel said. (
  • But profit won't ensure rain and the pair states that drought conditions are the biggest cause of herd contraction. (
  • The BLM in 2015 released a plan to sterilize horses in the Saylor Creek Herd Management Area and replenish the herd with wild horses captured elsewhere to maintain a herd of 50 to 200 horses. (
  • So hundreds and hundreds of individuals in a bone bed, in a single horizon of rock, which really looks like a large herd of animals that was killed in a flash flood event. (
  • Leading the large herd was a solitary beaver. (
  • That was one of the key messages from the 8th Large Herd Seminar, 'Investing for the future', which took place at Wootton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire on 25th/26th June. (
  • Organised by Lillico Attlee, one of the UK's largest privately-owned agricultural merchants and the Evidence Based Veterinary Consultancy, the Penrith-based independent veterinary consultancy, with key sponsorship from Elanco and Zinpro, the 2013 Large Herd Seminar was addressed by a number of eminent dairy industry specialists and producers from around the world. (
  • This special event will give visitors a chance to see the entire herd in all its glory - from the signed Arctic Monkeys' 'AM' elephant, right through to 'SnookHerd', autographed by a host of international snooker players including current world champion Mark Selby. (
  • Those factors include elephant locations, herd dynamics and social groups that exist within the elephant population. (
  • Molecular tools can increase the resolution through the use of strain typing to explore transmission dynamics within and between herds and identify strain-specific characteristics that may influence pathogenicity and spread. (
  • Within the female breeding herd, sows in-pig and other sows remained stable on the year, although there was a 3 per cent decline in the number of gilts in-pig. (
  • In Practice 2017;39:158-168. (
  • A herding-like phenomenon can occur in multiple sclerosis (MS) when a neurologist follows a therapeutic recommendation by a colleague even though it is not supported by best practice clinical guidelines. (
  • The mission of the Herd Health Program is to train, and inform community-based clientele, students, and extension personnel in the application of sound, science-based herd health practices designed to improve health, efficiency and management of food producing animals. (
  • Hence, loss aversion bias cannot be considered as one of the major contributors of herding within the target population. (
  • Kaiser, N. and Salander Renberg, E.S. (2012) Suicidal Expressions among the Swedish Reindeer Herding Sami Population. (
  • The National Association of Sciences study, to be completed in early 2013, will look at the methods for population modeling, the annual rates of population growth, fertility control methods, evaluation of carrying capacity of various lands to support wild horse herds, genetic diversity in wild horse herds, and predator impact on wild horse population growth. (
  • With three California dairy herds testing positive for bovine tuberculosis this year, USDA is downgrading the state's status for the disease from accredited free to modified accredited advanced. (
  • Since bovine TB was first detected in January, 132 herds and 164,500 dairy cattle in California have been tested as part of the investigation. (
  • The increase was driven by fattening pigs, which reported a 2 per cent rise in numbers to 3.6 million head, whereas the female breeding herd remained stable at 334,000 head. (
  • The main objective of this study was to estimate herd-level costs incurred by expenditures and production losses associated with mastitis on Canadian dairy farms in 2015, based on producer reports. (
  • The large share of this segment can be attributed to the growing preference for automated herd management systems, increasing mechanization in dairy farming due to the dearth of labor, technological advancements by key players, increasing number of dairy cattle globally, and rising demand for dairy products. (
  • Any producers who are looking for suggestions on ways to reduce the risk of CWD in their herd over and above current VHCP requirements (which include keeping detailed herd records, inventory, and accounting for movements of animals in and out) may find one or more of the following options useful. (
  • Elephants are social animals that live in close contact with others in herds, making transmission likely within a herd. (
  • The existing model and cost function could be used as a basis for studying other herding animals. (
  • They commonly circle around their herd nipping the animals' heels. (
  • Other breeds in the Herding group use what's called "strong eye" to keep animals in check. (
  • With the Alaska herd numbering at least 50,000 animals, some state biologists are worried the caribou may overgraze their range. (
  • In the study, three separate herds were established: one of animals with a high rate of growth in their first year, one with animals that had shown low growth, and one randomly selected as a control group. (
  • And new elephants in their herds are often retested or isolated temporarily to reduce the transmission of the disease. (
  • Please note that the Little Herd elephants will not be on display as they will be returned to their school for pupils to enjoy. (
  • Next, we use numerical continuation methods to track the bifurcating non-homogeneous steady states globally and to determine non-trivial stationary solutions related to herding behaviour. (
  • Producers in southern Australia - New South Wales and Victoria in particular - are expected to rebuild their herds at a faster rate than their northern counterparts. (
  • Producers who are in the business to be profitable and to maximize profits should review all avenues that can improve efficiency and help the productivity and performance of their herds. (
  • Stone said these results help dairy producers predict future profitability potential, allowing them to optimize the yields of their herds by making different animal selection and strategic breeding decisions. (
  • Herde[R] (Agrosoft GmbH, Germany), a herd management program was used to analyse the data from the economic point of view. (
  • Our emphasis is on programs that will demonstrate the prevention, control and/or management of pathogens, parasites, and other hazards from a herd, food safety, and bio-security approach. (
  • On the basis of product, the market is categorized into automated dairy herd management systems and standalone software. (
  • In 2017, the small-scale dairy farms is expected to account for the largest share of the dairy herd management market. (
  • Europe (comprising Germany, France, the UK, and Rest of Europe) is estimated to account for the largest share of the global dairy herd management market in 2017. (
  • Asia Pacific is projected to register the highest CAGR in the global dairy herd management market during the forecast period. (
  • Key market players in the dairy herd management market are increasingly focusing on technological advancements and new product developments to strengthen their presence in the market. (
  • This, in turn, is increasing the adoption of dairy herd management products in the dairy industry. (
  • The Bureau of Land Management plans to use helicopters more frequently in the herding and rounding up of wild horses and burros as it did last year after 56 burros died trying to reach water in an abandoned mine near Needles in August with temperatures at 110 degrees. (
  • The U.S. Bureau of Land Management is appealing a federal court ruling preventing the sterilizing of a herd of wild horses in southwestern Idaho that opponents of the plan fear could set a precedent. (
  • She also got to know the elk herd in the park on a personal basis and help with a herd-reduction plan and research project aimed at cutting disease rates and improving elk management. (
  • To reconstruct cattle mobility and infer herding management, the researchers analyzed strontium isotopes in 39 molars from 25 cattle in a Neolithic settlement in what is now Switzerland. (
  • Herding may affect medical decisions and lead to poorer outcomes in the management of MS. (
  • While there are 41 different breeds that fall into the Herding Group, they mostly fall into one of two camps. (
  • Some breeds, like the Australian Cattle Dog, is known for their style of herding. (
  • This places the herd well within the top 20% within and across all breeds. (
  • For each herd, costs due to the different mastitis-related components were computed by applying the values reported by the dairy producer to the developed economic model. (
  • Then, for each herd, a proportion of the costs attributable to a specific component was computed by dividing absolute costs for this component by total herd mastitis-related costs. (
  • The model developed in the current study can be used to compute mastitis costs at the herd and national level in Canada. (
  • UK - Defra figures from the 1 June Agricultural survey indicate that England's pig herd increased modestly compared to the previous year, reaching almost 4.0 million head, writes Bethan Wilkins, AHDB Pork analyst. (
  • In 1929 the Department of Agriculture of New South Wales started an Aberdeen Angus herd at the Agricultural Research Centre at Trangie with stock imported from Canada. (
  • Amanda Stone, who became the MSU Extension Service dairy specialist and a researcher with the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment station in August, is exploring ways to make dairy herds more efficient. (
  • Researchers have discovered the fossilized remains of a herd of dinosaurs in an opal mine in the Australian outback. (
  • With closer inspection, however, researchers have recognized that what appears to be a randomly dispersed herd peacefully eating grass is in fact a complex system of individuals in a group facing differing tensions. (
  • The researchers found that the cattle molars had three strontium patterns, which likely reflected different herding strategies. (
  • In addition, the researchers found that these three herding strategies were not uniformly represented in various areas of the settlement. (
  • Expectations are for a further 3% decline in Australian cattle slaughter in 2017, to 7.1 million head. (
  • Under its indemnification program, USDA paid a total of $10 million to the two dairies that sent their herds to slaughter in August, says Brian McCluskey, director of veterinary services for the Western Region of APHIS. (
  • What are the most important lessons people can learn from the herd? (
  • Vet Duncan Williams, who led the study, said: "Increasing herd size doesn't increase drug use. (
  • A Breed like the Border Collie will stare down their flock and will go to the front of a herd or animal to turn them or stop their movement all together. (
  • Results from this molecular epidemiological study provide evidence for herd-level clonal replacement over time that may have been triggered by movement to a new paddock. (
  • A study has busted the myth that higher antibiotics use is inevitable in larger dairy herds compared with smaller ones. (
  • Two of the affected herds were appraised for the bacterial disease, indemnified and depopulated, says Larry Hawkins, public affairs specialist with USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). (
  • Can we detect outbreaks at herd-level earlier when combining multiple data sources? (