(Disclaimer: This is a playful and fictitious response, as there isn't a medical definition for 'New York City'.)
**I'm really sorry, but I can't fulfill your request.**
The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
Terrorism on September 11, 2001 against targets in New York, the Pentagon in Virginia, and an aborted attack that ended in Pennsylvania.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The status of health in urban populations.
Hospitals controlled by the city government.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.
Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.
'Explosions' in a medical context typically refer to the immediate physical trauma caused by a sudden and violent release of energy, often resulting in a high-pressure blast wave that can cause barotrauma, blunt force injury, or burns, depending on the nature and proximity of the explosion.
(I'm assuming you are asking for a play on words related to the state of New Jersey, as "New Jersey" is not a medical term.)
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.
Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.
Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Living facilities for humans.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).
Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
*My apologies, but "Restaurants" are not a medical term and do not have a medical definition.*
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
The killing of one person by another.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which requires one or two intermediate arthropod hosts before finally being eaten by the final host. Its organisms occur rarely in man.
An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Sexual activities of humans.
Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
'Prisoners,' in a medical context, refer to individuals who are incarcerated and may face challenges in accessing adequate healthcare services due to various systemic and individual barriers, which can significantly impact their health status and outcomes.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.
Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
'Menu planning' in a medical context refers to the process of designing and selecting meals that meet specific dietary needs and restrictions of patients in healthcare facilities, taking into account nutritional requirements, allergies, cultural preferences, and therapeutic goals.
Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A geographical area of the United States comprising the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The contamination of indoor air.
'Lead poisoning' is a type of heavy metal toxicity caused by increased levels of lead in the body, typically resulting from exposure to lead-containing substances or environments, and potentially leading to neurological issues, anemia, and developmental delays, especially in children.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.

Use of out-of-plan services by Medicare members of HIP. (1/2450)

Use of out-of-plan services in 1972 by Medicare members of the Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York (HIP) is examined in terms of the demographic and enrollment characteristics of out-of-plan users, types of services received outside the plan, and the relationship of out-of-plan to in-plan use. Users of services outside the plan tended to be more seriously ill and more frequently hospitalized than those receiving all of their services within the plan. The costs to the SSA of providing medical care to HIP enrollees are compared with analogous costs for non-HIP beneficiaries, and the implications for the organization and financing of health services for the aged are discussed.  (+info)

Transmission dynamics of epidemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci in England and Wales. (2/2450)

A simple epidemiological framework for the analysis of the transmission dynamics of hospital outbreaks of epidemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (EMRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in hospitals in England and Wales is presented. Epidemic strains EMRSA-15 and EMRSA-16 are becoming endemic in hospitals in the United Kingdom, and theory predicts that EMRSA-15 and EMRSA-16 will reach respective endemic levels of 158 (95% confidence interval [CI], 143-173) and 116 (95% CI, 109-123) affected hospitals with stochastic fluctuations of up to 30 hospitals in each case. An epidemic of VRE is still at an early stage, and the incidence of hospitals newly affected by VRE is growing exponentially at a rate r=0.51/year (95% CI, 0.48-0.54). The likely impact of introducing surveillance policies if action is taken sufficiently early is estimated. Finally, the role of heterogeneity in hospital size is considered: "Super-spreader hospitals" may increase transmission by 40%-132% above the expected mean.  (+info)

Prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Harlem. (3/2450)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence, social correlates, and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a predominantly Black, poor, urban community. METHODS: Associations of risk factor prevalences with sociodemographic variables were examined in a population-based sample of 695 men and women aged 18 to 65 years living in Central Harlem. RESULTS: One third of the men and women were hypertensive, 48% of the men and 41% of the women were smokers, 25% of the men and 49% of the women were overweight, and 23% of the men and 35% of the women reported no leisure-time physical activity over the past month. More than 80% of the men and women had at least 1 of these risk factors, and 9% of the men and 19% of the women had 3 or more risk factors. Income and education were inversely related to hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity. Having 3 or more risk factors was associated with low income and low education (extreme odds ratio [OR] = 10.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0, 34.5 for education; OR = 3.7, CI = 1.6, 8.9 for income) and with a history of unstable work or of homelessness. CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged, urban communities are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. These results highlight the importance of socioenvironmental factors in shaping cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

The economic impact of Staphylococcus aureus infection in New York City hospitals. (4/2450)

We modeled estimates of the incidence, deaths, and direct medical costs of Staphylococcus aureus infections in hospitalized patients in the New York City metropolitan area in 1995 by using hospital discharge data collected by the New York State Department of Health and standard sources for the costs of health care. We also examined the relative impact of methicillin-resistant versus -sensitive strains of S. aureus and of community-acquired versus nosocomial infections. S. aureus-associated hospitalizations resulted in approximately twice the length of stay, deaths, and medical costs of typical hospitalizations; methicillin-resistant and -sensitive infections had similar direct medical costs, but resistant infections caused more deaths (21% versus 8%). Community-acquired and nosocomial infections had similar death rates, but community-acquired infections appeared to have increased direct medical costs per patient ($35,300 versus $28,800). The results of our study indicate that reducing the incidence of methicillin-resistant and -sensitive nosocomial infections would reduce the societal costs of S. aureus infection.  (+info)

The Montefiore community children's project: a controlled study of cognitive and emotional problems of homeless mothers and children. (5/2450)

OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence of emotional, academic, and cognitive impairment in children and mothers living in the community with those living in shelters for the homeless. METHOD: In New York City, 82 homeless mothers and their 102 children, aged 6 to 11, recruited from family shelters were compared to 115 nonhomeless mothers with 176 children recruited from classmates of the homeless children. Assessments included standardized tests and interviews. RESULTS: Mothers in shelters for the homeless showed higher rates of depression and anxiety than did nonhomeless mothers. Boys in homeless shelters showed higher rates of serious emotional and behavioral problems. Both boys and girls in homeless shelters showed more academic problems than did nonhomeless children. CONCLUSION: Study findings suggest a need among homeless children for special attention to academic problems that are not attributable to intellectual deficits in either children or their mothers. Although high rates of emotional and behavioral problems characterized poor children living in both settings, boys in shelters for the homeless may be particularly in need of professional attention.  (+info)

Cardiovascular mortality of Chinese in New York City. (6/2450)

To determine cardiovascular disease mortality among Chinese migrants in New York City and compare it to both that of residents in China and whites in New York City, mortality records for 1988 through 1992 for New York City and the 1990 US census data for New York City were linked. Age-specific death rates for urban China, reported by the World Health Organization, were used for comparison. The results show that male and female Chinese residents in New York City had lower mortality rates for all causes and total cardiovascular disease than did either New York City whites or Chinese in China. Coronary heart disease deaths among New York City Chinese were intermediate between Chinese in China (lowest) and New York City whites (highest). Stroke death rates for New York City Chinese were substantially lower than those in China and, in general, were similar to those for New York City whites. However, New York City Chinese had higher death rates for hemorrhagic stroke and lower for atherosclerotic stroke than did New York City whites. In conclusion, cardiovascular mortality rates among Chinese migrants in New York City fall below those of both Chinese in China and whites in New York City.  (+info)

Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (7/2450)

Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control.  (+info)

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments. (8/2450)

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N = 624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke marijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refusal skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New York City" is not a medical term or concept. It's a city located in the state of New York, United States. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New York" is not a medical term or concept. New York refers to a state in the United States, as well as its largest city. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "terrorism" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a concept that is typically defined within the contexts of criminal law, international relations, and political science. Generally, terrorism refers to the use of violence or threat of violence, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political, religious, or ideological objectives. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

The Dominican Republic is not a medical term or concept. It's the name of a country located in the Caribbean region, which shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti. The Dominican Republic is known for its beautiful beaches, tropical climate, and diverse culture. If you have any questions about travel medicine or health-related issues related to the Dominican Republic, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "September 11 Terrorist Attacks" is a historical event rather than a medical condition or term. Therefore, it doesn't have a specific medical definition. However, I can provide some context:

The September 11 Terrorist Attacks, often referred to as 9/11, were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that occurred in the United States on September 11, 2001. These attacks were carried out by the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda. The attacks involved the hijacking of four commercial airplanes. Two of these planes were flown into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center complex in New York City, causing both towers to collapse within hours. Another plane hit the Pentagon building in Arlington, Virginia, and the fourth crashed in a field in Pennsylvania after passengers attempted to overcome the hijackers.

The attacks resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries, making it one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in world history. The physical and psychological health effects were significant and far-reaching, affecting not only the survivors and first responders but also the nation as a whole. These effects included acute trauma reactions, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and various physical health issues.

While "September 11 Terrorist Attacks" is not a medical term, it is associated with numerous mental and physical health issues that have been studied and documented in the medical and psychological literature.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Urban Population" is not a medical term. It is a demographic term used to describe the portion of a country's population that lives in areas classified as urban. The United Nations defines an urban area as a city, town, or other agglomeration with a population of 20,000 or more. However, the specific definition can vary by country and organization.

In contrast, medical terms typically refer to conditions, diseases, symptoms, treatments, or healthcare-related concepts. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to help if I can!

Urban health is a branch of public health that focuses on the unique health challenges and disparities faced by urban populations. It encompasses the physical, mental, and social well-being of people living in urban areas, which are characterized by high population density, diverse cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds, and unique environmental exposures.

Urban health addresses a range of issues, including infectious diseases, chronic conditions, injuries, violence, and mental health disorders, as well as the social determinants of health such as housing, education, income, and access to healthcare services. It also considers the impact of urbanization on health, including the effects of pollution, noise, crowding, and lack of green spaces.

The goal of urban health is to promote health equity and improve the overall health outcomes of urban populations by addressing these challenges through evidence-based interventions, policies, and programs that are tailored to the unique needs of urban communities.

A municipal hospital is a type of hospital that is owned, operated, and funded by a local government body, typically at the city or county level. These hospitals provide medical care and services to the residents within their jurisdiction, regardless of the patient's ability to pay. They are often established with the goal of serving the healthcare needs of underserved populations, including low-income individuals and families.

Municipal hospitals may offer a range of medical services, from emergency care to specialized treatments, and they may be staffed by both employed physicians and private practitioners who have admitting privileges at the hospital. In some cases, municipal hospitals may also provide training programs for medical students and residents.

It's worth noting that the specific definition and characteristics of municipal hospitals can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the needs of the community they serve.

Hispanic Americans, also known as Latino Americans, are individuals in the United States who are of Spanish-speaking origin or whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, Cuba, the Caribbean, Central and South America. This group includes various cultures, races, and nationalities. It is important to note that "Hispanic" refers to a cultural and linguistic affiliation rather than a racial category. Therefore, Hispanic Americans can be of any race, including White, Black, Asian, Native American, or mixed races.

"Urban hospitals" is not a medical term per se, but rather a term that describes the location and setting of healthcare facilities. In this context, "urban" refers to densely populated cities or built-up areas, as opposed to rural or suburban regions. Therefore, urban hospitals are medical institutions located in or near urban centers, serving large populations and typically providing a wide range of specialized services.

These hospitals often have more resources, advanced technology, and subspecialties compared to their rural counterparts due to the higher patient volume and financial support they receive. They also tend to be teaching hospitals affiliated with medical schools and research institutions, contributing significantly to medical education, innovation, and clinical trials.

However, it is important to note that urban hospitals may face unique challenges in providing care, such as serving diverse populations with varying socioeconomic backgrounds, addressing health disparities, managing high patient volumes, and dealing with issues related to overcrowding and resource allocation.

"Rescue work" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader context, it generally refers to the actions and procedures taken to preserve life, prevent further harm, or provide emergency care to individuals who are in a situation of distress or danger, which may include natural disasters, accidents, or medical emergencies.

Healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and emergency responders, may be involved in rescue work during mass casualty events, search and rescue missions, or other disaster response situations. The goal of rescue work is to stabilize patients and ensure their safety until they can receive further medical attention.

An explosion is a rapid release of energy that causes a blast wave or pressure surge, and may also produce rapidly expanding gases, heat, light, and sound. In medical terms, explosions can cause a variety of injuries, including blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, burns, and primary and secondary blast injuries.

Blunt trauma is caused by the force of the explosion propelling objects or people through the air, or by the collapse of structures. Penetrating trauma is caused by flying debris or fragments that pierce the skin and other tissues. Burns can result from the heat generated by the explosion, as well as from contact with hot gases, flames, or chemicals.

Primary blast injuries are caused by the direct effect of the blast wave on the body, and can damage internal organs such as the lungs, ears, and brain. Secondary blast injuries are caused by debris or fragments that become projectiles due to the force of the explosion. Tertiary blast injuries occur when people or objects are thrown by the blast wind or become trapped in collapsed structures.

Medical personnel who treat victims of explosions must be trained to recognize and manage these various types of injuries, as well as to provide appropriate psychological support for those affected by the traumatic event.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New Jersey" is not a medical term or concept. It is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

Population surveillance in a public health and medical context refers to the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health-related data for a defined population over time. It aims to monitor the health status, identify emerging health threats or trends, and evaluate the impact of interventions within that population. This information is used to inform public health policy, prioritize healthcare resources, and guide disease prevention and control efforts. Population surveillance can involve various data sources, such as vital records, disease registries, surveys, and electronic health records.

"Public housing" is a term used in the field of social welfare and public policy, rather than medicine. However, I can certainly provide you with a definition related to its housing context.

Public housing is a government-subsidized housing program that provides affordable rental housing for low-income individuals and families who cannot afford market-rate housing. These housing units are owned, managed, and maintained by government authorities, such as local housing agencies, which receive funding from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in the United States or similar departments in other countries.

Public housing aims to provide safe, decent, and affordable living conditions for its residents, promoting social integration, community development, and economic mobility. Eligibility for public housing is typically based on income limits set by government regulations, and applicants must meet certain criteria related to citizenship status, background checks, and rental history.

I'm happy to help, but I need to clarify that "residence characteristics" is not a commonly used medical term. It is more related to the field of public health or epidemiology. However, if you are asking for the characteristics of a residence that could be relevant to medical or health research, they might include:

1. Housing type (single-family home, apartment, mobile home, etc.)
2. Age and condition of the housing unit
3. Presence of environmental hazards (lead paint, asbestos, radon, etc.)
4. Quality of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems
5. Access to clean water and sanitation facilities
6. Safety features (smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, etc.)
7. Presence of pests (rodents, cockroaches, bed bugs, etc.)
8. Neighborhood characteristics (crime rates, access to healthy food options, walkability, etc.)

These factors can all have an impact on the health outcomes of individuals and communities, and are often studied in public health research.

Substance abuse, intravenous, refers to the harmful or hazardous use of psychoactive substances that are introduced directly into the bloodstream through injection, for non-medical purposes. This behavior can lead to a range of short- and long-term health consequences, including addiction, dependence, and an increased risk of infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis C. Intravenous substance abuse often involves drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and amphetamines, and is characterized by the repeated injection of these substances using needles and syringes. The practice can also have serious social consequences, including disrupted family relationships, lost productivity, and criminal behavior.

Bioterrorism is the intentional use of microorganisms or toxins derived from living organisms to cause disease, death, or disruption in noncombatant populations. Biological agents can be spread through the air, water, or food and may take hours to days to cause illness, depending on the agent and route of exposure. Examples of biological agents that could be used as weapons include anthrax, smallpox, plague, botulism toxin, and viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola. Bioterrorism is a form of terrorism and is considered a public health emergency because it has the potential to cause widespread illness and death, as well as social disruption and economic loss.

The medical definition of bioterrorism focuses on the use of biological agents as weapons and the public health response to such attacks. It is important to note that the majority of incidents involving the intentional release of biological agents have been limited in scope and have not resulted in widespread illness or death. However, the potential for large-scale harm makes bioterrorism a significant concern for public health officials and emergency responders.

Preparation and response to bioterrorism involve a multidisciplinary approach that includes medical professionals, public health officials, law enforcement agencies, and government organizations at the local, state, and federal levels. Preparedness efforts include developing plans and procedures for responding to a bioterrorism event, training healthcare providers and first responders in the recognition and management of biological agents, and stockpiling vaccines, medications, and other resources that may be needed during a response.

In summary, bioterrorism is the intentional use of biological agents as weapons to cause illness, death, or disruption in noncombatant populations. It is considered a public health emergency due to its potential for widespread harm and requires a multidisciplinary approach to preparedness and response.

City planning, also known as urban planning, is the process of designing and managing the development of urban areas to create functional, sustainable, and livable spaces. It involves the integration of various disciplines, including architecture, engineering, sociology, environmental studies, and public health, to address the needs of a city's residents and ensure the optimal use of resources.

City planning encompasses several key components, such as land use planning, transportation planning, housing and neighborhood development, infrastructure development, and open space preservation. The goal is to create safe, healthy, and equitable communities that promote social, economic, and environmental sustainability.

In terms of public health, city planning plays a critical role in shaping the physical environment in which people live, work, and play. By creating walkable neighborhoods with easy access to parks, community facilities, and public transportation, city planners can encourage physical activity, reduce traffic congestion and air pollution, and promote social interaction and community engagement.

Moreover, city planning can help address health disparities by ensuring that all residents have equal access to essential services and resources, such as quality housing, healthy food options, and safe outdoor spaces. By working closely with public health professionals, city planners can develop evidence-based policies and strategies that promote health and well-being in urban areas.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "railroads" is not a term that has a widely accepted medical definition. It is most commonly associated with the transportation industry, referring to networks of railroad tracks and the companies that operate them. If you have any questions about a specific medical term or concept, I would be happy to try to help clarify that for you.

There is no single, universally accepted medical definition of "homeless persons." However, in the public health and healthcare contexts, homeless individuals are often defined as those who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This can include people who are living on the streets, in shelters, vehicles, or other temporary or emergency housing situations. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, a major federal law in the United States that provides funding for homeless services programs, defines homeless individuals as those who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, and includes people who are living in shelters, transitional housing, or doubled up with family or friends due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reasons.

A disease outbreak is defined as the occurrence of cases of a disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a given time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or a large number of people spread over a wide area, even internationally. An outbreak may be caused by a new agent, a change in the agent's virulence or host susceptibility, or an increase in the size or density of the host population.

Outbreaks can have significant public health and economic impacts, and require prompt investigation and control measures to prevent further spread of the disease. The investigation typically involves identifying the source of the outbreak, determining the mode of transmission, and implementing measures to interrupt the chain of infection. This may include vaccination, isolation or quarantine, and education of the public about the risks and prevention strategies.

Examples of disease outbreaks include foodborne illnesses linked to contaminated food or water, respiratory infections spread through coughing and sneezing, and mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika virus and West Nile virus. Outbreaks can also occur in healthcare settings, such as hospitals and nursing homes, where vulnerable populations may be at increased risk of infection.

Urban health services refer to the provision of healthcare and public health programs in urban areas, designed to meet the unique needs and challenges of urban populations. These services encompass a wide range of facilities, professionals, and interventions that aim to improve the health and well-being of people living in urban environments. They often address issues such as infectious diseases, chronic conditions, mental health, environmental hazards, and social determinants of health that are prevalent or amplified in urban settings. Examples of urban health services include hospital systems, community health centers, outreach programs, and policy initiatives focused on improving the health of urban populations.

Voluntary hospitals, also known as non-profit or private hospitals, are medical institutions that are privately owned and operated, typically by a charitable organization or community group. They are called "voluntary" because they are not run by the government and rely on donations, grants, and other forms of financial support from the community to operate.

Voluntary hospitals can be religious or secular in nature and often have a mission to serve specific populations or provide care for underserved communities. They may offer a range of medical services, including emergency care, inpatient and outpatient care, diagnostic testing, and specialized treatments.

These hospitals are typically governed by a board of directors made up of community members and are required to operate on a non-profit basis, meaning that any revenue generated must be reinvested into the hospital's operations or mission rather than distributed to shareholders or owners. Voluntary hospitals may also receive funding from government sources such as Medicare and Medicaid, but they are not owned or operated by the government.

Medical definitions are often provided by authoritative medical bodies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the American Psychiatric Association (APA). It's important to note that these organizations have evolved their understanding and classification of homosexuality over time.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), produced by the APA, sexual orientation is not considered a mental disorder. The manual does not provide a definition or classification for 'homosexuality, male' as a medical condition.

The current understanding in the medical community is that homosexuality is a normal and natural variation of human sexual orientation. It is not considered a disorder or an illness. The World Health Organization (WHO) removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in 1990.

An "aircraft" is not a medical term, but rather a general term used to describe any vehicle or machine designed to be powered and operated in the air. This includes fixed-wing aircraft such as airplanes and gliders, as well as rotary-wing aircraft such as helicopters and autogyros.

However, there are some medical conditions that can affect a person's ability to safely operate an aircraft, such as certain cardiovascular or neurological disorders. In these cases, the individual may be required to undergo medical evaluation and obtain clearance from aviation medical examiners before they are allowed to fly.

Additionally, there are some medical devices and equipment that are used in aircraft, such as oxygen systems and medical evacuation equipment. These may be used to provide medical care to passengers or crew members during flight.

African Americans are defined as individuals who have ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. This term is often used to describe people living in the United States who have total or partial descent from enslaved African peoples. The term does not refer to a single ethnicity but is a broad term that includes various ethnic groups with diverse cultures, languages, and traditions. It's important to note that some individuals may prefer to identify as Black or of African descent rather than African American, depending on their personal identity and background.

An ethnic group is a category of people who identify with each other based on shared ancestry, language, culture, history, and/or physical characteristics. The concept of an ethnic group is often used in the social sciences to describe a population that shares a common identity and a sense of belonging to a larger community.

Ethnic groups can be distinguished from racial groups, which are categories of people who are defined by their physical characteristics, such as skin color, hair texture, and facial features. While race is a social construct based on physical differences, ethnicity is a cultural construct based on shared traditions, beliefs, and practices.

It's important to note that the concept of ethnic groups can be complex and fluid, as individuals may identify with multiple ethnic groups or switch their identification over time. Additionally, the boundaries between different ethnic groups can be blurred and contested, and the ways in which people define and categorize themselves and others can vary across cultures and historical periods.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "housing" is not a term that has a medical definition. In a general sense, housing refers to a place where someone lives, such as a house or apartment. If you have any questions related to healthcare, medicine, or health-related topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Puerto Rico" is not a medical term. It is a territorial possession of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. It includes the main island of Puerto Rico and various smaller islands. If you have any questions about a medical topic, please provide more details so I can try to help answer your question.

A legal abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy through medical or surgical means, carried out in accordance with the laws and regulations of a particular jurisdiction. In countries where abortion is legal, it is typically restricted to certain circumstances, such as:

* To protect the life or health of the pregnant person
* In cases of fetal anomalies that are incompatible with life outside the womb
* When the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest
* When the continuation of the pregnancy would pose a significant risk to the physical or mental health of the pregnant person

The specific circumstances under which abortion is legal, as well as the procedures and regulations that govern it, vary widely from one country to another. In some places, such as the United States, abortion is protected as a fundamental right under certain conditions; while in other countries, such as those with highly restrictive abortion laws, it may only be allowed in very limited circumstances or not at all.

West Nile Fever is defined as a viral infection primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The virus responsible for this febrile illness, known as West Nile Virus (WNV), is maintained in nature between mosquito vectors and avian hosts. Although most individuals infected with WNV are asymptomatic, some may develop a mild, flu-like illness characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. A minority of infected individuals, particularly the elderly and immunocompromised, may progress to severe neurological symptoms such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord), or acute flaccid paralysis (sudden weakness in the limbs). The diagnosis is confirmed through laboratory tests, such as serological assays or nucleic acid amplification techniques. Treatment primarily focuses on supportive care, as there are no specific antiviral therapies available for West Nile Fever. Preventive measures include personal protection against mosquito bites and vector control strategies to reduce mosquito populations.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection is a viral illness that progressively attacks and weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to other infections and diseases. The virus primarily infects CD4+ T cells, a type of white blood cell essential for fighting off infections. Over time, as the number of these immune cells declines, the body becomes increasingly vulnerable to opportunistic infections and cancers.

HIV infection has three stages:

1. Acute HIV infection: This is the initial stage that occurs within 2-4 weeks after exposure to the virus. During this period, individuals may experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, rash, swollen glands, and muscle aches. The virus replicates rapidly, and the viral load in the body is very high.
2. Chronic HIV infection (Clinical latency): This stage follows the acute infection and can last several years if left untreated. Although individuals may not show any symptoms during this phase, the virus continues to replicate at low levels, and the immune system gradually weakens. The viral load remains relatively stable, but the number of CD4+ T cells declines over time.
3. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome): This is the most advanced stage of HIV infection, characterized by a severely damaged immune system and numerous opportunistic infections or cancers. At this stage, the CD4+ T cell count drops below 200 cells/mm3 of blood.

It's important to note that with proper antiretroviral therapy (ART), individuals with HIV infection can effectively manage the virus, maintain a healthy immune system, and significantly reduce the risk of transmission to others. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for improving long-term health outcomes and reducing the spread of HIV.

Bisexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by the attraction to both males and females, or to individuals of any gender identity. It's important to note that bisexuality encompasses a wide range of experiences and attractions, and it does not necessarily mean equal attraction to both genders. Some people who identify as bisexual may experience a stronger attraction to one gender over the other, while others may feel an equal attraction to both.

Bisexuality is often misunderstood or stigmatized, but it is a normal and valid sexual orientation that has been recognized in various forms throughout history and across cultures. It's also important to recognize that bisexuality exists on a spectrum, and some people may identify as pansexual, queer, or fluid, which can also involve attraction to individuals of multiple genders. Ultimately, the most important thing is for each person to define their own sexual orientation in a way that feels authentic and true to themselves.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

An emigrant is a person who leaves their native country to live permanently in another country. The process of leaving one's country to settle in another is called emigration.

On the other hand, an immigrant is a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country. The process of coming to live permanently in a new country is called immigration.

So, the main difference between emigrants and immigrants lies in the perspective: emigrants are people leaving their own country, while immigrants are people entering a new country.

In the context of medicine, risk-taking refers to the decision-making process where an individual or a healthcare provider knowingly engages in an activity or continues a course of treatment despite the potential for negative outcomes or complications. This could include situations where the benefits of the action outweigh the potential risks, or where the risks are accepted as part of the process of providing care.

For example, a patient with a life-threatening illness may choose to undergo a risky surgical procedure because the potential benefits (such as improved quality of life or increased longevity) outweigh the risks (such as complications from the surgery or anesthesia). Similarly, a healthcare provider may prescribe a medication with known side effects because the benefits of the medication for treating the patient's condition are deemed to be greater than the potential risks.

Risk-taking can also refer to behaviors that increase the likelihood of negative health outcomes, such as engaging in high-risk activities like substance abuse or dangerous sexual behavior. In these cases, healthcare providers may work with patients to identify and address the underlying factors contributing to their risky behaviors, such as mental health issues or lack of knowledge about safe practices.

Substance-related disorders, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), refer to a group of conditions caused by the use of substances such as alcohol, drugs, or medicines. These disorders are characterized by a problematic pattern of using a substance that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress. They can be divided into two main categories: substance use disorders and substance-induced disorders. Substance use disorders involve a pattern of compulsive use despite negative consequences, while substance-induced disorders include conditions such as intoxication, withdrawal, and substance/medication-induced mental disorders. The specific diagnosis depends on the type of substance involved, the patterns of use, and the presence or absence of physiological dependence.

HIV seroprevalence refers to the proportion or percentage of a population that has antibodies against the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in their blood, indicating current or previous HIV infection. It is often determined through serological testing methods that detect the presence of HIV antibodies in blood samples. The data from HIV seroprevalence studies are essential for understanding the spread and distribution of HIV within a specific population or geographic area, helping to inform public health policies and interventions aimed at controlling and preventing HIV transmission.

A syringe is a medical device used to administer or withdraw fluids, typically liquids or gases. It consists of a narrow tube, usually made of plastic or glass, connected to a handle that contains a plunger. The plunger is used to draw fluid into the tube by creating a vacuum, and then to expel the fluid when pressure is applied to the plunger. Syringes come in various sizes and are used for a wide range of medical procedures, including injections, wound care, and specimen collection. They are an essential tool in the medical field and are used daily in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare settings.

"Public assistance" is a term used in the field of social welfare and public health to refer to government programs that provide financial aid, food, housing, or other necessary resources to individuals and families who are experiencing economic hardship or have limited means to meet their basic needs. These programs are funded by taxpayers' dollars and are administered at the federal, state, or local level. Examples of public assistance programs include Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Medicaid, and Section 8 housing vouchers. The goal of public assistance is to help individuals and families achieve self-sufficiency and improve their overall well-being.

Air pollutants are substances or mixtures of substances present in the air that can have negative effects on human health, the environment, and climate. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including industrial processes, transportation, residential heating and cooking, agricultural activities, and natural events. Some common examples of air pollutants include particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Air pollutants can cause a range of health effects, from respiratory irritation and coughing to more serious conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and cancer. They can also contribute to climate change by reacting with other chemicals in the atmosphere to form harmful ground-level ozone and by directly absorbing or scattering sunlight, which can affect temperature and precipitation patterns.

Air quality standards and regulations have been established to limit the amount of air pollutants that can be released into the environment, and efforts are ongoing to reduce emissions and improve air quality worldwide.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pest control" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Pest control refers to the regulation or management of species considered to be pests, which can include insects, rodents, and other organisms that can cause damage to crops, transmit diseases, or otherwise negatively impact human activities.

In a medical context, you might be looking for information on "pesticide exposure" or "insect-borne diseases." Pesticide exposure refers to the contact with pesticides, which are substances used to control pests. These exposures can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact and may lead to a variety of health effects depending on the type and amount of pesticide involved. Insect-borne diseases are illnesses transmitted to humans through the bite of infected insects, such as mosquitoes, ticks, or fleas. Examples include malaria, Lyme disease, and Zika virus infection.

West Nile Virus (WNV) is an Flavivirus, which is a type of virus that is spread by mosquitoes. It was first discovered in the West Nile district of Uganda in 1937 and has since been found in many countries throughout the world. WNV can cause a mild to severe illness known as West Nile fever.

Most people who become infected with WNV do not develop any symptoms, but some may experience fever, headache, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or a rash. In rare cases, the virus can cause serious neurological illnesses such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord). These severe forms of the disease can be fatal, especially in older adults and people with weakened immune systems.

WNV is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, but it can also be spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, or from mother to baby during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. There is no specific treatment for WNV, and most people recover on their own with rest and supportive care. However, hospitalization may be necessary in severe cases. Prevention measures include avoiding mosquito bites by using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, and staying indoors during peak mosquito activity hours.

Female condoms are a form of barrier contraception that provides protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and pregnancy. They are made of soft, flexible nitrile rubber sheath that is inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse. The closed end of the sheath covers the cervix, while the open end remains outside the vagina, covering the labia.

The female condom works by providing a physical barrier that prevents semen from entering the vagina and coming into contact with the cervix and internal reproductive organs. This helps to prevent pregnancy and also reduces the risk of STI transmission by preventing direct genital-to-genital contact.

Female condoms are an important option for individuals who cannot or do not wish to use male condoms, as they offer similar protection against STIs and pregnancy. They can be inserted up to eight hours before sexual intercourse, providing greater spontaneity and convenience compared to male condoms. Additionally, female condoms may be used during anal sex to reduce the risk of STI transmission.

It is important to note that female condoms should not be used in conjunction with male condoms, as this can increase friction and cause either condom to break or slip off. Proper use and handling of female condoms are essential for ensuring their effectiveness and preventing accidental pregnancy or STI transmission.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "History, 20th Century" is a broad and complex topic that refers to the events, developments, and transformations that occurred throughout the world during the 1900s. It is not a medical term or concept. If you're interested in learning more about this historical period, I would recommend consulting a history textbook, reputable online resources, or speaking with a historian. They can provide detailed information about the political, social, economic, and cultural changes that took place during the 20th century.

Public Health Informatics (PHI) is the systematic application of information and computer science and technology to public health practice, research, and learning. It involves the development and implementation of information systems to support public health functions including surveillance, prevention, preparedness, and response. PHI also includes the analysis of public health data to improve decision-making, as well as the training and education of public health professionals in the use of these technologies. The ultimate goal of PHI is to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness, and overall quality of public health services.

Public Health Administration refers to the leadership, management, and coordination of public health services and initiatives at the local, state, or national level. It involves overseeing and managing the development, implementation, and evaluation of policies, programs, and services aimed at improving the health and well-being of populations. This may include addressing issues such as infectious disease control, chronic disease prevention, environmental health, emergency preparedness and response, and health promotion and education.

Public Health Administration requires a strong understanding of public health principles, leadership and management skills, and the ability to work collaboratively with a variety of stakeholders, including community members, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other organizations. The ultimate goal of Public Health Administration is to ensure that public health resources are used effectively and efficiently to improve the health outcomes of populations and reduce health disparities.

A pharmacy is a retail store or a healthcare facility where medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, are sold or dispensed. Pharmacies are staffed by professional pharmacists who provide medication therapy management services, including reviewing the patient's medication history, checking for potential drug interactions, dosage adjustments, and providing education to patients on the safe and effective use of their medications.

Pharmacies may also offer other health-related products such as medical supplies, vitamins, and personal care items. Some pharmacies are part of a larger healthcare system, such as hospitals or clinics, while others are standalone retail stores. In addition to traditional brick-and-mortar locations, there are also online pharmacies that operate over the internet.

It's important for patients to only obtain medications from licensed and reputable pharmacies to ensure their safety and the effectiveness of their treatment.

I believe you may have mixed up the terms "medicine" and "commerce." Commerce is a broad term that refers to the buying and selling of goods and services. It is not typically used in a medical context, so it does not have a specific medical definition. However, I can provide you with some related terms that might be helpful:

1. Medical commerce: This term generally refers to the business aspects of healthcare, such as the buying and selling of medical supplies, equipment, and services. It may also refer to the economic relationships between various stakeholders in the healthcare system, including providers, insurers, pharmaceutical companies, and patients.
2. Telemedicine commerce: This term specifically refers to the use of technology to facilitate remote consultations and transactions between healthcare providers and patients. Examples include online appointment scheduling, virtual consultations, and electronic prescribing.
3. Medical tourism: This is a form of commerce where people travel to other countries to receive medical treatment or procedures that may be less expensive or more accessible than in their home country. It can also refer to the business of providing medical services to international patients.
4. Healthcare marketing: This term refers to the activities and strategies used by healthcare organizations to promote their products, services, and brands to potential customers. It includes advertising, public relations, social media, content marketing, and other tactics designed to build awareness, generate leads, and drive sales.

I hope this information is helpful! Let me know if you have any further questions or concerns.

Public health practice is a multidisciplinary approach that aims to prevent disease, promote health, and protect communities from harmful environmental and social conditions through evidence-based strategies, programs, policies, and interventions. It involves the application of epidemiological, biostatistical, social, environmental, and behavioral sciences to improve the health of populations, reduce health disparities, and ensure equity in health outcomes. Public health practice includes a wide range of activities such as disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, health promotion, community engagement, program planning and evaluation, policy analysis and development, and research translation. It is a collaborative and systems-based approach that involves partnerships with various stakeholders, including communities, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other organizations to achieve population-level health goals.

I'm happy to help, but it seems there might be some confusion in your question. "Interviews" is a broad topic that isn't typically a medical term or subject. However, interviews can certainly be a part of medical settings and procedures, such as job interviews for healthcare positions, patient interviews during medical consultations, or research interviews in clinical studies.

In the context of medical education, an interview might refer to the process by which medical schools evaluate applicants for admission, known as the medical school interview. This is a critical component of the application process and typically involves one-on-one conversations between the applicant and an admissions committee member or a series of multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) with various evaluators.

If you could provide more context or clarify what you mean by "Interviews as Topic" in a medical setting, I'd be happy to help further!

A death certificate is a formal legal document that records the date, location, and cause of a person's death. It is typically issued by a medical professional, such as a physician or medical examiner, and is used to establish the fact of death for legal purposes. The information on a death certificate may be used for a variety of purposes, including settling the deceased person's estate, assisting with insurance claims, and supporting public health surveillance and research.

In order to complete a death certificate, the medical professional must determine the cause of death and any significant contributing conditions. This may involve reviewing the deceased person's medical history, conducting a physical examination, and ordering laboratory tests or autopsy. The cause of death is typically described using standardized codes from the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

It is important to note that the information on a death certificate is considered confidential and is protected by law. Only authorized individuals, such as the deceased person's next of kin or legal representative, are permitted to access the document.

Medicaid is a joint federal-state program that provides health coverage for low-income individuals, including children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Eligibility, benefits, and administration vary by state, but the program is designed to ensure that low-income individuals have access to necessary medical services. Medicaid is funded jointly by the federal government and the states, and is administered by the states under broad federal guidelines.

Medicaid programs must cover certain mandatory benefits, such as inpatient and outpatient hospital services, laboratory and X-ray services, and physician services. States also have the option to provide additional benefits, such as dental care, vision services, and prescription drugs. In addition, many states have expanded their Medicaid programs to cover more low-income adults under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Medicaid is an important source of health coverage for millions of Americans, providing access to necessary medical care and helping to reduce financial burden for low-income individuals.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Restaurants" are establishments where food and drinks are prepared and served to customers for a profit. They are part of the hospitality industry, not a medical term or concept. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "poverty" is not a medical condition or term. It is a social condition defined by the World Bank as "pronounced deprivation in well-being," and measured through indicators such as income, consumption, and access to basic services. Poverty can have significant impacts on health outcomes and healthcare access, but it is not considered a medical diagnosis. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try my best to help answer them!

"Street drugs" is a colloquial term rather than medical jargon, but it generally refers to illegal substances or medications that are used without a prescription. These can include a wide variety of drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, ecstasy, LSD, and many others. They are called "street drugs" because they are often bought and sold on the street or in clandestine settings, rather than through legitimate pharmacies or medical professionals. It's important to note that these substances can be highly dangerous and addictive, with serious short-term and long-term health consequences.

Homicide is a legal term used to describe the taking of another human life. It is not a medical diagnosis, but rather a legal concept that may result in criminal charges. In medical terms, it might be referred to as "unnatural death" or "violent death." The term itself does not carry a connotation of guilt or innocence; it simply describes the factual occurrence of one person causing the death of another.

The legal definition of homicide varies by jurisdiction and can encompass a range of criminal charges, from manslaughter to murder, depending on the circumstances and intent behind the act.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Spiruroidea is a taxonomic category of parasitic nematodes (roundworms) that belong to the phylum Nematoda. These parasites are primarily found in the gastrointestinal tract of various vertebrate hosts, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. They have a complex life cycle involving one or more intermediate hosts, often arthropods such as beetles or crustaceans.

Spiruroids are characterized by their long, slender bodies with distinct anterior and posterior ends. The mouth is surrounded by three lips, and they possess a muscular esophagus that is typically divided into two parts: a narrow anterior portion called the stoma, and a wider posterior portion called the bulb.

Some well-known examples of Spiruroidea include the genus Spirura, which parasitizes carnivores and birds; the genus Habronema, which infects horses and other herbivores; and the genus Thelazia, which causes eye infections in humans and animals.

It is important to note that taxonomy is a dynamic field, and the classification of Spiruroidea may change as new research and discoveries emerge.

"Public facilities" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, in a broader context, public facilities generally refer to buildings, services, and infrastructure that are owned and operated by local, state, or federal government agencies for the use of the general public. These can include parks, libraries, community centers, public restrooms, transportation systems (such as buses, trains, and subways), and other similar establishments.

While not a medical definition per se, public facilities can have implications for public health and accessibility. For example, accessible public facilities are essential for individuals with disabilities to fully participate in community life. Public restrooms that are clean, well-maintained, and equipped with necessary amenities (such as grab bars and accessible sinks) can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases and ensure that all members of the community have equal access to these facilities. Similarly, public transportation systems that are safe, reliable, and accessible can improve overall community health by providing individuals with greater mobility and access to healthcare services, employment opportunities, and other essential resources.

Buddhism is a spiritual and philosophical tradition that developed in ancient India based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is also known as the Buddha or "the awakened one." The goal of Buddhism is to achieve enlightenment, which is a state of being free from suffering and the cycle of rebirth. This is accomplished through following the Eightfold Path, which includes ethical conduct, mental discipline, and wisdom.

Buddhism does not have a belief in a personal god or deity, but rather teaches that individuals can achieve enlightenment through their own efforts and understanding of the nature of reality. The teachings of Buddhism include the Four Noble Truths, which describe the nature and causes of suffering and the path to its cessation.

There are many different schools and traditions of Buddhism, including Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana, each with their own interpretations and practices. Despite these differences, all forms of Buddhism share a common emphasis on ethical conduct, mental discipline, and the pursuit of wisdom.

Public health is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts of society." It focuses on improving the health and well-being of entire communities, populations, and societies, rather than individual patients. This is achieved through various strategies, including education, prevention, surveillance of diseases, and promotion of healthy behaviors and environments. Public health also addresses broader determinants of health, such as access to healthcare, housing, food, and income, which have a significant impact on the overall health of populations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Poverty Areas" is not a standard medical term or classification. However, in a broader social determinants of health context, poverty is recognized as a significant factor that can impact an individual's health outcomes and access to healthcare.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines poverty as "pronounced deprivation in well-being," which includes but is not limited to lack of income and economic opportunities. The WHO also acknowledges that poverty is a major cause of ill-health and premature death around the world.

If you are referring to a specific term or concept that goes by a different name, please provide more context so I can give a more accurate response.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Sexual behavior refers to any physical or emotional interaction that has the potential to lead to sexual arousal and/or satisfaction. This can include a wide range of activities, such as kissing, touching, fondling, oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, and masturbation. It can also involve the use of sexual aids, such as vibrators or pornography.

Sexual behavior is influenced by a variety of factors, including biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences. It is an important aspect of human development and relationships, and it is essential to healthy sexual functioning and satisfaction. However, sexual behavior can also be associated with risks, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancies, and it is important for individuals to engage in safe and responsible sexual practices.

It's important to note that sexual behavior can vary widely among individuals and cultures, and what may be considered normal or acceptable in one culture or context may not be in another. It's also important to recognize that all individuals have the right to make informed decisions about their own sexual behavior and to have their sexual rights and autonomy respected.

Needle sharing is the reuse of needles or syringes by more than one person, often in the context of injecting drugs. This behavior is considered high-risk as it can lead to the transmission of bloodborne pathogens such as HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. It's a significant public health concern due to its association with intravenous drug use.

The term "European Continental Ancestry Group" is a medical/ethnic classification that refers to individuals who trace their genetic ancestry to the continent of Europe. This group includes people from various ethnic backgrounds and nationalities, such as Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western European descent. It is often used in research and medical settings for population studies or to identify genetic patterns and predispositions to certain diseases that may be more common in specific ancestral groups. However, it's important to note that this classification can oversimplify the complex genetic diversity within and between populations, and should be used with caution.

Logistic models, specifically logistic regression models, are a type of statistical analysis used in medical and epidemiological research to identify the relationship between the risk of a certain health outcome or disease (dependent variable) and one or more independent variables, such as demographic factors, exposure variables, or other clinical measurements.

In contrast to linear regression models, logistic regression models are used when the dependent variable is binary or dichotomous in nature, meaning it can only take on two values, such as "disease present" or "disease absent." The model uses a logistic function to estimate the probability of the outcome based on the independent variables.

Logistic regression models are useful for identifying risk factors and estimating the strength of associations between exposures and health outcomes, adjusting for potential confounders, and predicting the probability of an outcome given certain values of the independent variables. They can also be used to develop clinical prediction rules or scores that can aid in decision-making and patient care.

Fast food is a type of food that is prepared and served quickly, often at a restaurant or food stand. Fast food dishes are typically simple, consisting of pre-cooked ingredients that are assembled and heated quickly, allowing for a short service time. Common examples of fast food include hamburgers, hot dogs, sandwiches, fried chicken, fries, and pizza.

Fast food has become popular due to its convenience, affordability, and widespread availability. However, it is often high in calories, saturated fat, sodium, and sugar, making it a contributor to obesity and other health problems when consumed regularly. Public health organizations recommend limiting the consumption of fast food and opting for healthier options whenever possible.

A "drug user" is a person who uses or consumes illegal drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine, or misuses prescription medications for recreational purposes or to self-medicate. It's important to note that the term "drug user" can have stigmatizing connotations and may not accurately reflect the complexity of an individual's relationship with drugs. Many prefer terms like "person who uses drugs" or "substance user," which emphasize the personhood and agency of the individual rather than reducing them to their drug use.

It's also worth noting that there is a wide range of drug use behaviors, from occasional recreational use to heavy, dependent use. The medical community recognizes that problematic drug use can lead to negative health consequences, but it's important to approach individuals who use drugs with compassion and understanding rather than judgment. Providing access to evidence-based treatments and harm reduction services can help reduce the risks associated with drug use and support individuals in making positive changes in their lives.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

I apologize for any confusion, but "prisoners" is not a medical term. It generally refers to individuals who are deprived of their personal freedom and are being held in a prison or jail as a result of being convicted of a crime or while awaiting trial. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I would be happy to help!

Disaster planning in a medical context refers to the process of creating and implementing a comprehensive plan for responding to emergencies or large-scale disasters that can impact healthcare facilities, services, and patient care. The goal of disaster planning is to minimize the impact of such events on the health and well-being of patients and communities, ensure continuity of medical services, and protect healthcare infrastructure and resources.

Disaster planning typically involves:

1. Risk assessment: Identifying potential hazards and assessing their likelihood and potential impact on healthcare facilities and services.
2. Developing a disaster plan: Creating a detailed plan that outlines the steps to be taken before, during, and after a disaster to ensure the safety of patients, staff, and visitors, as well as the continuity of medical care.
3. Training and education: Providing training and education to healthcare personnel on disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
4. Exercises and drills: Conducting regular exercises and drills to test the effectiveness of the disaster plan and identify areas for improvement.
5. Resource management: Identifying and securing necessary resources, such as medical supplies, equipment, and personnel, to support disaster response efforts.
6. Communication and coordination: Establishing clear communication protocols and coordinating with local emergency responders, public health authorities, and other healthcare facilities to ensure a coordinated response to disasters.
7. Recovery and restoration: Developing plans for restoring medical services and infrastructure after a disaster has occurred.

Disaster planning is an essential component of healthcare delivery and is critical to ensuring the safety and well-being of patients and communities during emergencies or large-scale disasters.

A birth certificate is an official document that serves as legal proof of a person's birth and provides important information about the individual, including their full name, date and place of birth, sex, parents' names, and other identifying details. In medical terms, a birth certificate may be used to establish a patient's identity, age, and other relevant demographic information.

Birth certificates are typically issued by the government agency responsible for vital records in the jurisdiction where the individual was born, such as a state or county health department. They are considered legal documents and are often required for various purposes, such as enrolling in school, applying for a passport, or obtaining government benefits.

It is important to note that birth certificates may be amended or corrected if there are errors or discrepancies in the information they contain. In some cases, individuals may also need to obtain certified copies of their birth certificate from the appropriate government agency in order to provide proof of their identity or other personal information.

A census is a official count or survey of a population, typically conducted by a governmental authority to gather information about the demographics, economic characteristics, and other important data about the people living within its borders. In the medical context, censuses may refer to counts or surveys of specific populations, such as patients in a hospital or residents of a particular geographic area, to gather health-related data. This information can be used to inform public health policy, allocate resources, and plan for future healthcare needs.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Local Government" is not a medical term. It refers to a level of government that is responsible for administering public services within a specific geographic area, typically smaller than a state or province. Local governments may include entities such as counties, municipalities, cities, towns, and villages. They are usually responsible for providing services such as police and fire protection, emergency medical services, waste management, local road maintenance, and public education. It is not directly related to the practice of medicine or healthcare.

A Needle-Exchange Program (NEP), also known as a syringe exchange program or needle and syringe program, is a public health intervention aimed at reducing the spread of bloodborne infections, such as HIV and Hepatitis C, among people who inject drugs. NEPs provide sterile needles, syringes, and other injection equipment to people who use drugs, in order to reduce their likelihood of reusing or sharing contaminated needles.

NEPs often operate in the context of harm reduction approaches, which aim to minimize the negative consequences associated with drug use. In addition to providing sterile equipment, NEPs may also offer other services such as education on safe injection practices, testing for bloodborne infections, vaccination, referral to substance use treatment programs, and access to medical and social services.

NEPs have been shown to be effective in reducing the transmission of HIV and Hepatitis C among people who inject drugs, as well as in reducing the number of discarded needles in public spaces. Despite their proven effectiveness, NEPs remain controversial in some communities due to concerns about promoting drug use. However, research has consistently demonstrated that NEPs do not increase drug use or criminal activity.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "menu planning" is not a medical term per se. However, it is a common term used in nutrition and dietetics, which can be a part of medical nutritional therapy. Here's a definition related to that field:

Menu planning in the context of nutrition and dietetics refers to the process of creating well-balanced and appropriate meals for individuals or groups, taking into account their specific dietary needs, restrictions, and preferences. This can be done on a short-term or long-term basis, and may involve determining portion sizes, food combinations, and meal timing to optimize nutrient intake, support health goals, and manage chronic conditions. Menu planning is often carried out by registered dietitians or nutritionists in various settings such as hospitals, long-term care facilities, schools, and wellness programs.

Cockroaches are not a medical condition or disease. They are a type of insect that can be found in many parts of the world. Some species of cockroaches are known to carry diseases and allergens, which can cause health problems for some people. Cockroach allergens can trigger asthma symptoms, especially in children. Additionally, cockroaches can contaminate food and surfaces with bacteria and other germs, which can lead to illnesses such as salmonellosis and gastroenteritis.

If you have a problem with cockroaches in your home or workplace, it is important to take steps to eliminate them to reduce the risk of health problems. This may include cleaning up food and water sources, sealing entry points, and using pesticides or hiring a professional pest control service.

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Disasters can be natural, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, and wildfires, or they can be caused by human activities, such as technological accidents, intentional acts of violence, and complex emergencies.

The medical definition of a disaster focuses on the health impacts and consequences of the event, which can include injury, illness, disability, and death, as well as psychological distress and social disruption. The response to a disaster typically involves a coordinated effort by multiple agencies and organizations, including healthcare providers, emergency responders, public health officials, and government authorities, to address the immediate needs of affected individuals and communities and to restore basic services and infrastructure.

Disasters can have long-term effects on the health and well-being of individuals and populations, including increased vulnerability to future disasters, chronic illness and disability, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety. Preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery efforts are critical components of disaster management, with the goal of reducing the risks and impacts of disasters and improving the resilience of communities and societies to withstand and recover from them.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

Emigration is the process of leaving one's country of origin or habitual residence to settle in another country. It involves giving up the rights and privileges associated with citizenship in the country of origin and acquiring new rights and responsibilities as a citizen or resident of the destination country. Emigrants are people who choose to leave their native land to live elsewhere, often driven by factors such as economic opportunities, political instability, or conflict.

Immigration, on the other hand, is the process of entering and settling in a new country with the intention of becoming a permanent resident or citizen. Immigrants are individuals who come from another country to live in a new place, often seeking better job opportunities, education, or quality of life. They must comply with the immigration laws and regulations of the host country and may be required to undergo medical examinations, background checks, and other screening processes before being granted permission to enter and reside in the country.

In summary, emigration refers to leaving one's home country, while immigration refers to entering and settling in a new country.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection, characterized by the significant weakening of the immune system, making the person more susceptible to various opportunistic infections and cancers.

The medical definition of AIDS includes specific criteria based on CD4+ T-cell count or the presence of certain opportunistic infections and diseases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a person with HIV is diagnosed with AIDS when:

1. The CD4+ T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (mm3) - a normal range is typically between 500 and 1,600 cells/mm3.
2. They develop one or more opportunistic infections or cancers that are indicative of advanced HIV disease, regardless of their CD4+ T-cell count.

Some examples of these opportunistic infections and cancers include:

* Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
* Candidiasis (thrush) affecting the esophagus, trachea, or lungs
* Cryptococcal meningitis
* Toxoplasmosis of the brain
* Cytomegalovirus disease
* Kaposi's sarcoma
* Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
* Invasive cervical cancer

It is important to note that with appropriate antiretroviral therapy (ART), people living with HIV can maintain their CD4+ T-cell counts, suppress viral replication, and prevent the progression to AIDS. Early diagnosis and consistent treatment are crucial for managing HIV and improving life expectancy and quality of life.

Health services accessibility refers to the degree to which individuals and populations are able to obtain needed health services in a timely manner. It includes factors such as physical access (e.g., distance, transportation), affordability (e.g., cost of services, insurance coverage), availability (e.g., supply of providers, hours of operation), and acceptability (e.g., cultural competence, language concordance).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), accessibility is one of the key components of health system performance, along with responsiveness and fair financing. Improving accessibility to health services is essential for achieving universal health coverage and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare without facing financial hardship. Factors that affect health services accessibility can vary widely between and within countries, and addressing these disparities requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy interventions, infrastructure development, and community engagement.

"State Health Plans" is a general term that refers to the healthcare coverage programs offered or managed by individual states in the United States. These plans can be divided into two main categories: Medicaid and state-based marketplaces.

1. **Medicaid**: This is a joint federal-state program that provides healthcare coverage to low-income individuals, families, and qualifying groups, such as pregnant women, children, elderly people, and people with disabilities. Each state administers its own Medicaid program within broad federal guidelines, and therefore, the benefits, eligibility criteria, and enrollment processes can vary from state to state.

2. **State-based Marketplaces (SBMs)**: These are online platforms where individuals and small businesses can compare and purchase health insurance plans that meet the standards set by the Affordable Care Act (ACA). SBMs operate in accordance with federal regulations, but individual states have the flexibility to design their own marketplace structure, manage their own enrollment process, and determine which insurers can participate.

It is important to note that state health plans are subject to change based on federal and state laws, regulations, and funding allocations. Therefore, it is always recommended to check the most recent and specific information from the relevant state agency or department.

'Bird diseases' is a broad term that refers to the various medical conditions and infections that can affect avian species. These diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or toxic substances and can affect pet birds, wild birds, and poultry. Some common bird diseases include:

1. Avian influenza (bird flu) - a viral infection that can cause respiratory symptoms, decreased appetite, and sudden death in birds.
2. Psittacosis (parrot fever) - a bacterial infection that can cause respiratory symptoms, fever, and lethargy in birds and humans who come into contact with them.
3. Aspergillosis - a fungal infection that can cause respiratory symptoms and weight loss in birds.
4. Candidiasis (thrush) - a fungal infection that can affect the mouth, crop, and other parts of the digestive system in birds.
5. Newcastle disease - a viral infection that can cause respiratory symptoms, neurological signs, and decreased egg production in birds.
6. Salmonellosis - a bacterial infection that can cause diarrhea, lethargy, and decreased appetite in birds and humans who come into contact with them.
7. Trichomoniasis - a parasitic infection that can affect the mouth, crop, and digestive system in birds.
8. Chlamydiosis (psittacosis) - a bacterial infection that can cause respiratory symptoms, lethargy, and decreased appetite in birds and humans who come into contact with them.
9. Coccidiosis - a parasitic infection that can affect the digestive system in birds.
10. Mycobacteriosis (avian tuberculosis) - a bacterial infection that can cause chronic weight loss, respiratory symptoms, and skin lesions in birds.

It is important to note that some bird diseases can be transmitted to humans and other animals, so it is essential to practice good hygiene when handling birds or their droppings. If you suspect your bird may be sick, it is best to consult with a veterinarian who specializes in avian medicine.

In medical terms, "dust" is not defined as a specific medical condition or disease. However, generally speaking, dust refers to small particles of solid matter that can be found in the air and can come from various sources, such as soil, pollen, hair, textiles, paper, or plastic.

Exposure to certain types of dust, such as those containing allergens, chemicals, or harmful pathogens, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, and lung diseases. Prolonged exposure to certain types of dust, such as silica or asbestos, can even lead to serious conditions like silicosis or mesothelioma.

Therefore, it is important for individuals who work in environments with high levels of dust to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing masks and respirators, to minimize their exposure and reduce the risk of health problems.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Mid-Atlantic Region" is geographical and does not have a medical definition. It generally refers to a region of the United States that includes the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Washington D.C., Virginia, and West Virginia. However, in some contexts, the term may also include parts of southern New England, Ohio, Kentucky, and North Carolina. If you're looking for medical information related to a specific region or location, I'd be happy to help if you could provide more details.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

Indoor air pollution refers to the contamination of air within buildings and structures due to presence of particles, gases, or biological materials that can harmfully affect the health of occupants. These pollutants can originate from various sources including cooking stoves, heating systems, building materials, furniture, tobacco products, outdoor air, and microbial growth. Some common indoor air pollutants include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and mold. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause a range of health issues, from respiratory problems to cancer, depending on the type and level of exposure. Effective ventilation, air filtration, and source control are some of the strategies used to reduce indoor air pollution.

Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by the accumulation of lead in the body, often over months or years. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems. Children under the age of 6 are particularly vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development.

The primary source of lead exposure is lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildings. Lead can also be found in water supplied through lead pipes, soil contaminated by historical industrial activity, air (in certain industries and locations), and some consumer products such as toys, cosmetics, and traditional medicines.

Lead poisoning can cause a wide range of symptoms, including developmental delays, learning difficulties, abdominal pain, irritability, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, constipation, vomiting, and memory or concentration problems. In severe cases, it can lead to seizures, coma, and even death.

It's important to note that there is no safe level of lead exposure, and any amount of lead in the body is potentially harmful. If you suspect lead poisoning, consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and treatment options.

Heroin dependence, also known as opioid use disorder related to heroin, is a chronic relapsing condition characterized by the compulsive seeking and use of heroin despite harmful consequences. It involves a cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms including a strong desire or craving to take the drug, difficulty in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, tolerance (needing to take more to achieve the same effect), and withdrawal symptoms when not taking it. Heroin dependence can cause significant impairment in personal relationships, work, and overall quality of life. It is considered a complex medical disorder that requires professional treatment and long-term management.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "seasons" is not a term that has a medical definition. Seasons refer to the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn or fall, and winter) based on the position of the earth in its orbit around the sun. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

"Age factors" refer to the effects, changes, or differences that age can have on various aspects of health, disease, and medical care. These factors can encompass a wide range of issues, including:

1. Physiological changes: As people age, their bodies undergo numerous physical changes that can affect how they respond to medications, illnesses, and medical procedures. For example, older adults may be more sensitive to certain drugs or have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
2. Chronic conditions: Age is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. As a result, age-related medical issues are common and can impact treatment decisions and outcomes.
3. Cognitive decline: Aging can also lead to cognitive changes, including memory loss and decreased decision-making abilities. These changes can affect a person's ability to understand and comply with medical instructions, leading to potential complications in their care.
4. Functional limitations: Older adults may experience physical limitations that impact their mobility, strength, and balance, increasing the risk of falls and other injuries. These limitations can also make it more challenging for them to perform daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking.
5. Social determinants: Age-related factors, such as social isolation, poverty, and lack of access to transportation, can impact a person's ability to obtain necessary medical care and affect their overall health outcomes.

Understanding age factors is critical for healthcare providers to deliver high-quality, patient-centered care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of older adults. By taking these factors into account, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans that consider a person's age, physical condition, cognitive abilities, and social circumstances.

According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, Asian Americans are defined as "a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam."

It's important to note that this definition is used primarily in a US context and may not be applicable or relevant in other parts of the world. Additionally, it's worth noting that the term "Asian American" encompasses a vast array of diverse cultures, languages, histories, and experiences, and should not be essentialized or oversimplified.

"Food assistance" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in general, it refers to various programs and initiatives designed to help individuals and families access and afford nutritious food. These programs may be run by government agencies, non-profit organizations, or community groups and can include things like:

* Food banks and pantries, which provide free or low-cost groceries to those in need
* Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps), which provides financial assistance to eligible low-income individuals and families to purchase food
* Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program, which provides nutrition education, healthy food, and breastfeeding support to low-income pregnant and postpartum women, infants, and children up to age five
* School meal programs, which provide free or reduced-price meals to eligible school-aged children
* Senior nutrition programs, which provide meals and nutrition assistance to older adults.

Medical professionals may refer patients to food assistance resources as part of a comprehensive approach to addressing social determinants of health, such as food insecurity, which can have significant impacts on physical and mental health outcomes.

The "cause of death" is a medical determination of the disease, injury, or event that directly results in a person's death. This information is typically documented on a death certificate and may be used for public health surveillance, research, and legal purposes. The cause of death is usually determined by a physician based on their clinical judgment and any available medical evidence, such as laboratory test results, autopsy findings, or eyewitness accounts. In some cases, the cause of death may be uncertain or unknown, and the death may be classified as "natural," "accidental," "homicide," or "suicide" based on the available information.

In epidemiology, the incidence of a disease is defined as the number of new cases of that disease within a specific population over a certain period of time. It is typically expressed as a rate, with the number of new cases in the numerator and the size of the population at risk in the denominator. Incidence provides information about the risk of developing a disease during a given time period and can be used to compare disease rates between different populations or to monitor trends in disease occurrence over time.

York. York City Walls - information from City of York Council (responsible for caring for the City Walls) The Friends of York ... List of town walls in England and Wales History of York Eboracum Museum Gardens Siege of York "York's City Walls". Visit York. ... 13-14 York Walls: Conservation Management Plan for the City of York Council. York, England: Donald Insall Associates. 2021. p. ... Walls website York' City Walls Trail - by The Friends of York Walls A new audio guide using the Guide.AI app - "York's City ...
... portal New York City portal Outline of New York City Index of New York City-related articles The highest point in New York City ... New York; Richmond County, New York; Kings County, New York; Queens County, New York; Bronx County, New York; New York city, ... New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (A Component Unit of the City of New York)" (PDF). The City of New York. ... The New York City Administrative Code, the New York City Rules, and the City Record are the code of local laws, compilation of ...
"Children of City of York Council". Mapit. Retrieved 17 July 2022. "City of York Council - wards". City of York Council. ... The unitary area had a population of 202,800 in the 2021 Census The City of York is administered by the City of York Council ... "City of York District". NEU. Retrieved 19 November 2022. "Guildhall". City of York Council. Retrieved 17 July 2022. "The ... "Local election results May 2023". City of York Council. Retrieved 19 August 2023. "'Hard work ahead' - City of York Council ...
The name York City Levy refers to the militia of the City of York. In the late Middle Ages, there was no standing army in ... York City Levy is a living-history group portraying an ordinary men and women from the City of York artillery between the ... The York City Levy also has a strong local history focus and is particularly interested in events in the North-East of England ... The York City Levy primarily works in the North-East of England and delivers about 5 to 10 events per year. Prime employers are ...
By 1968, the New York City Civil Court Act's Article 16 made city marshals officers of the Civil Court of New York City, which ... the City of New York Bureau of City Marshals (later renamed the Mayor's Committee on New York City Marshals) was established. ... New York City Marshals are civil litigation enforcement officers of New York City who are appointed by the mayor to five-year ... In 1938, the New York City Marshals were placed under the supervision of the New York City Department of Investigation, and in ...
"UK Charts > New York City". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 20, 2016. New York City at AllMusic New York City ... They are also from New York City. Under the direction of record producers Wes Farrell and Thom Bell, New York City released two ... New York City was an American R&B vocal group. They formed in 1972 under the name "Tri-Boro Exchange", and all of the group's ... "US Charts > New York City". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2016. David Kent ( ...
... is a 2006 city-building game that was developed by Deep Red Games and published by Atari. The game first ... "Tycoon City: New York". Metacritic. Retrieved 7 June 2014. Official website (Articles with short description, Short description ... In "Build New York" the player is given specific tasks and must build New York district by district, starting with Greenwich ... and players are tasked with developing New York City, specifically the island of Manhattan. Players are asked to build many of ...
Defunct mass media in New York (state), 1925 establishments in New York City, 1934 disestablishments in New York (state)). ... New York". The station's state-of-the-art studio was in a hotel room on the 18th floor of the Roosevelt Hotel in New York City ... The early AM band radio transmitters used around New York City were typically 500 or 1,000 watts. To serve a larger area, ... WRNY was a New York City AM radio station that began operating in 1925. It was started by Hugo Gernsback's Experimenter ...
The NYC (New York City) medium or GC (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) medium agar is used for isolating Gonococci. The agar base is ... Weisburd and Wilson at the New York City Department of Health for selective isolation of pathogenic Neisseria species from ...
The New York city charter (1900) The Charter of the City of New York (1904) The charter of New York City (1909) New York City ... New York City law, New York (state) law, Government of New York City, 1898 in New York City, All stub articles, United States ... The New York City Charter is the municipal charter of New York City. As part of the 1898 consolidation of New York City, the ... The current 2006 revised New York City Charter 1963 revised New York City Charter Full text of the 1963 revised New York City ...
... and moved that station from Newark to New York City. This same day marked the debut of WJY, also located in New York City. WJY ... 1923 establishments in New York City, 1927 disestablishments in New York (state), Defunct radio stations in the United States, ... This report further referred to WJY as "R.C.A.'s weak sister station in New York City", and stated that it "hasn't been doing ... WJY was an AM radio station located in New York City, licensed to the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) from May 1923 to early ...
... is a central business district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the administrative district of North York ... Following the amalgamation of North York with the rest of Toronto, North York City Centre became the largest of four central ... The postal village of Willowdale was established within York County. North York Township was formed in 1923 from York Township ... The former City of North York chose to encourage the development of the area as a downtown by building a civic centre complex ...
... s, Citywide elected offices of New York City, Politicians from New York City). ... The Finances of New York City, Macmillan. Minutes of the Common Council of the City of New York, 1784-1831. New York: M.B. ... New York City Office of the Comptroller Comptroller in the Rules of the City of New York (Webarchive template wayback links, ... The board was composed of the Mayor of New York City, the comptroller, and the president of the New York City Council, each of ...
The York City Ice Arena is a 1,000-seat rink in York, Pennsylvania, U.S. Renovated in September 2004, it hosts local public ... Gross, Greg (January 22, 2015). "'Crazy hockey dad' breaks glass at York City rink". York Dispatch. Archived from the original ... York City Ice Arena 39°57′15″N 76°42′36″W / 39.9543°N 76.7101°W / 39.9543; -76.7101 v t e (Articles with short description, ... College Hockey East held their inaugural season playoffs at York City Ice Arena in February 2014. The arena received brief ...
... is an organization serving people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in New York City. The ... NYSARC "About Us - AHRC New York City". "Frequently Asked Questions - AHRC New York City". Goode, David (1998). "And Now Let's ... New York City: 1948-1998" (PDF). AHRC. Retrieved January 3, 2012. "Our History - AHRC New York City". Official website ( ... AHRC New York City was founded in 1949 by Ann Greenberg and other parents of children with intellectual disabilities, who found ...
Pine City is a hamlet located in Chemung County, New York, United States. The population was 5,220 at the 2000 census. There is ... New York, All stub articles, Finger Lakes, New York geography stubs). ...
v t e (Coordinates on Wikidata, Hamlets in Dutchess County, New York, Red Hook, New York, Rhinebeck, New York, All stub ... New York, United States. It is located at the intersection of New York State Route 199 and Route 308, where the towns of Milan ... 41°58′14″N 73°49′15″W / 41.97051°N 73.82094°W / 41.97051; -73.82094 Rock City is a hamlet and populated place in Dutchess ... "Feature Detail Report for: Rock City". United States Geological Survey. January 23, 1980. Retrieved April 18, 2010. ...
York City: The Complete Record. p. 27. Batters. York City: The Complete Record. p. 268. Batters. York City: The Complete Record ... York City: The Complete Record. pp. 109-110. Batters. York City: The Complete Record. p. 109. Batters. York City: The Complete ... York City: The Complete Record. p. 112. Batters. York City: The Complete Record. pp. 112-113. Batters. York City: The Complete ... York City: The Complete Record. p. 264. Batters. York City: The Complete Record. pp. 242-424. Batters. York City: The Complete ...
... the York City memorial was upgraded from grade II to grade II*. Wikimedia Commons has media related to York City War Memorial. ... The York City War Memorial is a First World War memorial designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and located in York in the north of ... particularly York's ancient city walls, and that it would obstruct views for pedestrians coming into the city from the railway ... listed buildings in the City of York Grade II* listed war memorials in England Bibliography Burnham, Karyn (2014). York in the ...
Culture of New York City, Languages of New York (state), Languages of New Jersey, Working-class culture in New York City). ... The origins of many of New York City English's diverse features are probably not recoverable. New York City English, largely ... With the exception of New York City's immediate neighbors like Jersey City and Newark, the New York metropolitan dialect as ... normal New York City conversation.'" The New York City accent has a strong presence in media; pioneer variationist ...
... , 1948 establishments in New York City, Performing groups established in 1948, Dance in New York City, ... School of American Ballet New York City Ballet collected news and commentary at The New York Times New York City Ballet records ... "Andrew Litton to Lead New York City Ballet Orchestra". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2017. "New York City Ballet ... The New York City Ballet, Anatole Chujoy. Knopf. 1953. Wikimedia Commons has media related to New York City Ballet. Official ...
The City of York Stakes is a Group 2 flat horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged three years or older. It is run at ... City of York Stakes (2018). (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Use dmy dates from April 2022 ... It is currently held on the final day of York's four-day Ebor Festival meeting. The race was upgraded to Group 3 level from the ... Use British English from February 2023, Short description is different from Wikidata, Flat races in Great Britain, York ...
... (previously known as the Mecca Temple, City Center of Music and Drama, and the New York City Center 55th ... New York City mayor Fiorello La Guardia and New York City Council president Newbold Morris established the City Center of Music ... The CCMD established the New York City Theater Company the same season. The New York City Dance Theater performed at City ... The New York City Symphony performed there from 1944 to about 1948, and the New York City Dance Theater only performed at the ...
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system in the New York City boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx ... See New York City Subway nomenclature for more information. These "services" run on physical tracks. See New York City Subway ... It is owned by the government of New York City and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate agency of the ... As of November 2016[update], the New York City Subway has 6418 cars on the roster. A typical New York City Subway train ...
... is featured often in the York Press. Recently, they have written two articles about York City Rowing Club ... "York City Rowing Club: The Club". York City Rowing Club. Retrieved 29 April 2012. The Umpires' Handbook British Rowing, 2020: ... York City Rowing Club is a rowing club by the River Ouse in York, England. It has over 200 members, of all ages. The boathouse ... "Reunion for York City Rowing Club legends". The Press. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2012. "Big crowds drawn by York Rowing ...
... is the municipal governing body of the City of York, a unitary authority in Yorkshire, England. It is ... As a unitary authority, City of York Council is responsible for all local government services in the City of York, except for ... It is responsible for all local government services in the City of York, except for services provided by York's town and parish ... As a non-metropolitan district, York City Council was responsible for some local government services in the City of York, with ...
Johnson City is on the north side of the Susquehanna River. The junction of New York State Route 17 and New York State Route ... "Village of Johnson City, New York". Village of Johnson City. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johnson City, New York. Village of Johnson City official website (Articles using NRISref ... Johnson City is a village in Broome County, New York, United States. The population was 15,343 at the 2020 census. It is part ...
Chan, Sewell (2008-06-16). "Waiting for the Water to Fall". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-25. "Launches The New York City ... Vogel, Carol (2008-01-15). "Waterfalls for New York City's Waterfront". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-25. Vogel, Carol ( ... New York City Waterfalls is a public art project by artist Olafur Eliasson, in collaboration with the Public Art Fund, ... "New York City 'Waterfalls' installation hours cut in half". Associated Press. 2008-08-30. Retrieved 2009-08-30. Wikimedia ...
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Border City, New York Border City Fire Department New York State ... New York, Hamlets in Seneca County, New York, Hamlets in New York (state), Populated places in Seneca County, New York, All ... 76.96056 Border City is a hamlet on the border of the City of Geneva in Ontario County and the Town of Waterloo in Seneca ... thus creating Upstate New York. The "Border" referred to is the former Massachusetts and New York border. It is when Phelps & ...
... town), New York, Hamlets in New York (state), Hamlets in Niagara County, New York). ... Model City is a hamlet in the town of Lewiston in Niagara County, New York, United States. It was proposed in the 1890s as an ... U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Model City, New York Germain, David (May 27, 1993). "Mr. Love and ... He planned Model City to be "The most beautiful [park] in the world" and planned housing for more than 1 million people and a ...
York. York City Walls - information from City of York Council (responsible for caring for the City Walls) The Friends of York ... List of town walls in England and Wales History of York Eboracum Museum Gardens Siege of York "Yorks City Walls". Visit York. ... 13-14 York Walls: Conservation Management Plan for the City of York Council. York, England: Donald Insall Associates. 2021. p. ... Walls website York City Walls Trail - by The Friends of York Walls A new audio guide using the Guide.AI app - "Yorks City ...
A social group where New Yorks budding entrepreneurs can meet, share ideas, and enjoy the adventure of starting a business. ... A social group where New Yorks budding entrepreneurs can meet, share ideas, and enjoy the adventure of starting a business. ...
Sales Associate, Womens Shoes, Barneys New York. Whats your domain?. The shoe department on the fourth floor is mostly where ... This email will be used to sign into all New York sites. By submitting your email, you agree to our Terms and Privacy Policy ... This email will be used to sign into all New York sites. By submitting your email, you agree to our Terms and Privacy Policy ... This password will be used to sign into all New York sites. By submitting your email, you agree to our Terms and Privacy Policy ...
Extremely Good New York City Real Estate Drama Unfolding in NoHo. Brendan OConnor · 08/08/16 05:51PM High-powered New York ... Over the last six years, according to a new audit from the city comptroller, New York City has missed out on $59.2 million in ... Where Will It Happen in New York City?. J.K. Trotter · 08/09/16 01:42PM Heres a question on every New Yorkers mind: Where is ... new-york-city. Brooklyn Man Charged in Execution-Style Killing of Imam and Assistant Near Queens Mosque. Brendan OConnor · 08/ ...
... Stock up on creative gifts at these seasonal markets, including the Renegade Craft Fair ... The best of New York for free.. Sign up for our email to enjoy New York without spending a thing (as well as some options when ... Sign up to our newsletter for the latest and greatest from your city and beyond. Déjà vu! We already have this email. Try ... Sign up to our newsletter for the latest and greatest from your city and beyond. ...
The New York State Nurses Association reached tentative contract agreements overnight with Mount Sinai Hospital and Montefiore ... The New York State Nurses Association reached tentative contract agreements overnight with Mount Sinai Hospital and Montefiore ... New York New York City nurses strike ends The New York State Nurses Association reached tentative contract agreements overnight ... NEW YORK - The New York City nurses strike ended early Thursday after their union reached tentative contract agreements ...
The citys sanitation commissioner is expected to decide whether recycling foam containers is environmentally effective and ... New York City could soon become the biggest U.S. metropolis to outlaw Styrofoam food and beverage containers.. Currently, most ... A ban would put New York City in the same league as San Francisco, Seattle, San Jose and Portland, all of which have ... But the ban was put on hold to first give manufacturers and the city time to see if they can come up with a way to recycle the ...
Well finally be able to swim at New York City beaches, just in time for the Fourth of July.Last week, Mayor Bill de Blasio ... "The lifeguards are ready to go, training is being completed...it will be a great day for New York City and another part of our ... Well finally be able to swim at New York City beaches, just in time for the Fourth of July. ... The best of New York for free.. Sign up for our email to enjoy New York without spending a thing (as well as some options when ...
Browse our selection of New York holidays and hotels - theres bound to be one thats perfect for your NYC city break. ... A great New York holiday starts with a great place to stay. ... What to see on a New York city break. Yes, you can do New York ... Multi-city holidays. New York City is brilliantly connected - turn your New York trip into a multi-city holiday by flying or ... The must-see city - its got to be New York. Bright lights in the big city - we love New York. Youve heard the songs, seen the ...
Photograph taken in New York, New York, United States, North and Central America. ...
Image © New York City Department of Design and Construction. New York City Mayor Eric Adams, along with the New York City ... City View of New York City . Image © Shutterstock. In September of this year, New York City experienced a severe storm that ... Soho, Manhattan, New York. Image © Ryan DeBerardinis via Shutterstock. New York Citys Local Law 18, also known as the Short- ... New York City Legislation Effectively Bans Airbnbs and Short-Term Apartment Rentals. September 12, 2023. ...
New York City. Ah, the city that never sleeps. If you can make it there, you can make it in at least like three other places, ... The Woman Who Took On All Of New York City (By Smoking). In 1908, New York had a short-lived ordinance. One woman was arrested ... The New York Vs Chicago Pizza Debate - As Explained By A Chicagoan. Lets clear up some of the pizza city beef misconceptions. ... Whats At 177 Bleecker In IRL New York City (Its Not The Sanctum Sanctorum). Though, Google Maps says it IS the Sanctum ...
Most Stylish Hotel In New York City: The Whitby Hotel. *Best Hotel In New York City In NoMad: The Ritz Carlton New York, NoMad ... Most Opulent Hotel In New York City: Baccarat Hotel. *Best Hotel In New York City In Tribeca: Hotel Barrière Fouquets New York ... Its a rare feat in the city that never stops.. Best Hotel In New York City On The Park: The Ritz-Carlton New York, Central ... Best Boutique Hotel In New York City: The Greenwich Hotel. *Best Hotel In New York City In The Financial District: The Wall ...
Escape from New York: Collectors Edition (4K UHD Review) * Format: Blu-ray Disc ...
Book AwardsNew York City Book Award. Awards data has been moved to its own structure. See Awards.*New York City Book Award ... City on a Grid: How New York Became New York by Gerard Koeppel - not in English Common Knowledge. 2015. ... New York City of Trees by Benjamin Swett. Photography, 2013. Gotham Unbound: The Ecological History of Greater New York by Ted ... The New York City Book Awards website. Multiple awards are given each year without ranking ranging from one to six awards in a ...
These neighborhoods at the far reaches of New York City are unlike anything else in the five boroughs. Some parts look like the ... Beautiful Long Beach, one of the best stretches of sand in the area, is only a few miles outside New York Citys limits. Its ... Built in 1652, Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House is New York Citys oldest building and one of the oldest in the US. A working farm ... These neighborhoods at the far reaches of New York City are unlike anything else in the five boroughs. Some parts look like the ...
NEW YORK - The New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) joins NYC Housing Authority (NYCHA) and ... The New York City Housing Development Corporation (HDC) is the nations largest municipal Housing Finance Agency and is charged ... The New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) is the nations largest municipal housing ... The New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) provides affordable housing to 380,299 authorized residents in over 177,611 ...
... the chancellor of the New York City schools, announced Feb. 26 he will step down from the job next month. ... New York Citys Equity-Minded Schools Chief Resigns. By Stephen Sawchuk. - February 26, 2021 4 min read ... School policing remains a hot-button issue in the city, and New York has not gone as far as cities like Los Angeles in cutting ... The New York Times, which extensively chronicled Carranzas tenure, said the breaking point came over disagreements with city ...
Rat sightings have been steadily increasing since the city began reopening after its months-long stay-in-place ... Meet New York Citys Rat Hunters. By Kathleen Culliton New York City ... While Schewels hobby is a unique one, his concern over how New York City handles its rat problem is not, and the novel ... The amateur rat hunter, whose efforts barely make a dent, doesnt think his hobby is a long-term solution to New York Citys ...
New York City, New York *Page 2: New York, York: transplants, crimes What is your personal feeling on - New York City, New York ... New York City, New York (NY) *Page 2: New York: crime, quality of life When you own or visit a - New York City, New York (NY) ... New York City, New York (NY) *Page 2: New York: sales, low crime When we gonna rioting for 2A, - New York City, New York (NY) ... New York City, New York (NY) *Page 2: 2015, sex offender Upper West Side Victorious, As City - New York City, New York (NY) ...
New York was the very model of an economically diversified city. Urbanists like Jane Jacobs and the economist Benjamin Chinitz ... The job of city government is to attract smart people and get out of their way. New York must not follow the painful path of ... New York Citys current concentration in finance is the result of its last great reinvention, which began in the 1970s. Before ... Forty years ago, New York was the very model of an economically diversified city. Urbanists like Jane Jacobs and the economist ...
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9. "City" means the city of New York and includes an agency of the city. ... NEW YORK CITY CHARTER. CHAPTER 68. Conflicts of Interest. §2600.Preamble. §2601.Definitions. §2602.Conflicts of Interest Board ... Click here to download Chapter 68 of the New York City Charter in PDF. Click here for the Legislative History of Chapter 68 ... Directory of City Agencies Contact NYC Government City Employees Notify NYC CityStore Stay Connected NYC Mobile Apps Maps ...
Eric Sanderson shares how he made a 3D map of Mannahattas fascinating pre-city ecology of hills, rivers, wildlife -- accurate ... 400 years after Hudson found New York harbor, Eric Sanderson shares how he made a 3D map of Mannahattas fascinating pre-city ... 400 years after Hudson found New York harbor, Eric Sanderson shares how he made a 3D map of Mannahattas fascinating pre-city ... just in time for New Yorks quadricentennial. ... 400 years after Hudson found New York harbor, ...
18th-century architecture in New York City: ← 1700s-1710s-1720s-1730s-1740s-1750s-1760s-1770s-1780s-1790s → ... Category:1760s architecture in New York City. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Media in category "1760s architecture in New York City". This category contains only the following file. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:1760s_architecture_in_New_York_City&oldid=66983348" ...
... car rentals allow you to discover life beyond Manhattan while offering deals on our sports coupes, family SUVs ... Main routes in New York City. New York City and New York state is connected by several highways and routes:. *Interstate 278 (I ... A quick guide to New York City. The best things to do in New York City. Times Square. Discover the Crossroads of the World ... Hertz car rental at New York City. Take a bite out of the Big Apple and beyond with car rental in New York City. Whether ...
How a Great City Lost Its Soul to the pile of tomes by city dwellers bemoaning their lost city. But it would be a mistake. ... century New York. This July marks the 40. th. anniversary of the 1977 blackouts, during which parts of decaying city erupted ... The city really has vanished, though vanish feels like a passive word. The city has cannibalized itself at an increasingly ... arguably the most dramatic in the city - but still. . Not one storefront? Even in a city where extreme change has become the ...
But, argues FRED SIEGEL, they celebrate the New York that almost went bankrupt. ... Ric Burns and his collection of talking heads and writers gave us a history of New York in film and print. ... New York City on the Edge. Ric Burns and his collection of talking heads and writers gave us a history of New York in film and ... has literally remade the city by rerouting and rebuilding highways while reconnecting the city to its waterfront. For New York ...
This map of the city of New York and island of Manhattan, as laid out by ... Map of the city of New York and island of ... New York City. . United States New York New York State, 1908. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www. ... New York City. . United States New York New York State, 1908. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2007661246/. ... New York, 1907, west side, down town 1 photographic print : silver printing-out paper ; 11.5 x 40 in. * Contributor: Geo. P. ...
See reviews and photos of 5 cemeteries in New York City, New York on Tripadvisor. ... New York City MotelsNew York City CampsitesNew York City HostelsRomantic Hotels New York CityNew York City Green HotelsNew York ... to New York CityNew York City RestaurantsNew York City AttractionsNew York City Travel ForumNew York City PhotosNew York City ... Islands in New York CityPlaygrounds in New York CityBeaches in New York CityDeserts in New York CityForests in New York City ...
  • Below, we've selected our favorite New York City hotels for 2023. (forbes.com)
  • The number of sightings increased to 1,658 in June 2020, and during the first five days of July, residents saw 220 rats, 20 fewer than the 240 reported during the same time span in 2019, city data show. (ny1.com)
  • Workers board up a Wells Fargo bank branch in New York City in anticipation of looting and riots, June 1, 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • Looters break into a Zumiez store near New York City's Union Square, June 1, 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • A little girl holds a Black Lives Matter sign at a rally outside the Stonewall Inn in New York City's West Village, June 2, 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • A protestor with fist raised during a demonstration in support of black transgender people at the Stonewall Inn in New York City's West Village, June 2, 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • Black Lives Matter protestors march up 7th Avenue in New York City, June 2, 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • Medical workers outside Elmhurst Hospital Center, in the Queens borough of New York City, on March 26, 2020. (go.com)
  • In a meeting last week described by one staffer as "the most depressing pep talk," Bill de Blasio, New York City's beleaguered mayor , asked members of his administration to keep the faith amid proliferating controversies. (gawker.com)
  • it will be a great day for New York City and another part of our comeback and a great opportunity for people to stay cool," Mayor Bill de Blasio said. (timeout.com)
  • The New York Times, which extensively chronicled Carranza's tenure, said the breaking point came over disagreements with city Mayor Bill de Blasio about desegregation. (edweek.org)
  • Swan argues the most effective way to fight rats is to be clean and tightly tie up garbage, but this could become problematic in the years ahead as New York City faces an economic crisis that forced Mayor Bill de Blasio to slash a proposed $95.3 billion budget to just $88.2 billion. (ny1.com)
  • People dine under red umbrellas outside Via Carota restaurant in New York City's West Village. (npr.org)
  • It has been a bull market for downbeat urban reporting since the pandemic arrived in town. (archdaily.com)
  • While Schewel's hobby is a unique one, his concern over how New York City handles its rat problem is not, and the novel coronavirus pandemic has only complicated the issue. (ny1.com)
  • The coronavirus pandemic started tearing through through the city in March, leaving at least 17,000 people dead. (cnbc.com)
  • To a magical stay on Central Park at The Ritz-Carlton New York, Central Park to incredible skyline views at the 1 Hotel Brooklyn Bridge , our picks offer all-star amenities and, most importantly, comfortable, quiet and luxurious spaces to recharge for another day of adventure. (forbes.com)
  • Housed in a historic building across the street from Central Park, the Ritz-Carlton New York is an elegant option in one of the city's most desirable locations. (forbes.com)
  • Located on the highest floors of The Ritz-Carlton New York, NoMad, a collection of perfect pied-à-terre penthouse residences offering bespoke interiors, stunning views and generous living spaces. (ritzcarlton.com)
  • Ah, the city that never sleeps. (cracked.com)
  • T he Big Apple boasts the title of the city that never sleeps, but the island of Manhattan has an impressive array of hotels to find respite from the bustling streets below. (forbes.com)
  • No one told the Aedes mosquito that New York is the city that never sleeps. (cdc.gov)
  • The city has now moved to reopen many K-5 schools, though many parents say that remote learning, which serves the majority of students, continues to be lackluster. (edweek.org)
  • As the city continues to reopen, it is allowing restaurants to expand outdoors. (npr.org)
  • The New York City poverty threshold was $33,562 in 2017. (go.com)
  • Jon Kushner, cousin to Jared Kushner, Donald Trump's son-in-law, is considering a run for New York City mayor, a person familiar with the young businessman's thinking told Gawker. (gawker.com)
  • Regardless of whatever political good or harm it did, former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg's appearance at the Democratic National Convention on Wednesday appears to have gotten under Republican nominee Donald Trump's skin. (gawker.com)
  • Former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani, a despotic thug who owes his enduring fame to an accident of history, reminded Americans in an appearance on "Face the Nation," that the real problem in African-American communities is not systemic racism or police brutality, but black-on-black violence. (gawker.com)
  • New York City Mayor Eric Adams, along with the New York City Department of Design and Construction , has announced the breaking ground on the construction of the Studio Gang -designed Shirley Chisholm Recreation Center . (archdaily.com)
  • As we try to make New York City healthier, greener, more affordable, and more prosperous, we need projects like this one that do everything at the same time," said New York City Mayor Eric Adams . (nyc.gov)
  • The amateur rat hunter, whose efforts barely make a dent, doesn't think his hobby is a long-term solution to New York City's rat problem, but he's got an equally novel pitch for lawmakers: repeal a ban on ferrets enacted by former Mayor Rudy Giuliani. (ny1.com)
  • New York City Mayor Eric Adams makes an announcement at a news conference in Times Square in Manhattan in New York City, New York, U.S., March 4, 2022. (cnbc.com)
  • New York Mayor Eric Adams on Thursday partially lifted a vaccine mandate that had kept some top athletes from playing in the city - while keeping the requirement for countless other workers. (cnbc.com)
  • [6] The building houses the office of the Mayor of New York City and the chambers of the New York City Council . (wikipedia.org)
  • Municipal police fought with Metropolitan officers who were attempting to arrest New York City Mayor Fernando Wood . (wikipedia.org)
  • During the congressional campaign, both candidates devoted time to beating up on the mayor - with Rose running an ad declaring him the "worst mayor in the history of New York City. (politico.com)
  • New York City Department" (1966). (cdc.gov)
  • During the NYC protests, looters ransacked stores in several Manhattan neighborhoods, and the city has imposed a curfew for the first time since the Second World War in response. (cnbc.com)
  • The New York City Bar Association located at 42 W. 44th Street in Manhattan runs a Monday Night Law Clinic. (nycourts.gov)
  • New York City Hall is the seat of New York City government , located at the center of City Hall Park in the Civic Center area of Lower Manhattan , between Broadway , Park Row , and Chambers Street . (wikipedia.org)
  • A Mount Sinai spokesperson said the proposed agreement is similar to deals previously reached between NYSNA and eight other private hospitals across the city. (politico.com)
  • Following Mayo Clinic in the annual ranking's top spot, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles rises from number six to number two this year, and New York City's NYU Langone Hospitals finish third, up from eighth last year. (medscape.com)
  • In 1908, New York had a short-lived ordinance. (cracked.com)
  • Heightened anxiety around coronavirus in the city is certainly on the rise. (go.com)
  • NEW YORK - The New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) joins NYC Housing Authority (NYCHA) and the NYC Housing Development Corporation (HDC) today to announce plans to build approximately 195 deeply affordable homes for seniors in the Morrisania neighborhood of the Bronx. (nyc.gov)
  • But, argues FRED SIEGEL, they celebrate the New York that almost went bankrupt. (observer.com)
  • Findings were used in testimony by the City of New York that recommended improvements in the resilience of electric power grids during heat waves, especially in neighborhoods where residents are at higher risk for getting sick or dying during extreme heat events. (cdc.gov)
  • I was sitting eating a bland Panera sandwich, at the decidedly bland corner of Arch and Twelfth Streets in Center City Philadelphia, when I spotted a row of familiar red berets out the window. (gawker.com)
  • In September of this year, New York City experienced a severe storm that inundated its streets with more than 7 inches of rain in less than 24 hours , causing a number of roads to close, cars to submerge, and buses to get trapped. (archdaily.com)
  • Schewel, 35, and Sundrop are among a small number of rat hunters who regularly go out into the streets of New York to tackle the rodents in the piles of garbage where they thrive. (ny1.com)
  • Many streets in New York City's Chinatown have narrow sidewalks. (npr.org)
  • The city's second City Hall, built in 1700, stood on Wall and Nassau Streets . (wikipedia.org)
  • Dart has proposed a plan that would guarantee that all of New York's foam products will be recycled for the next five years -- at no cost to city, according to a statement from Michael Westerfield, the company's director of recycling. (cnn.com)
  • In "Vanishing" Moss paints Bloomberg as the modern-day, billionaire successor to Robert Moses, long cast as New York's worst villain, steamrolling through city in an endless effort to make it friendlier to billionaires. (thedailybeast.com)
  • We held an online survey in Summer 2022 through Our Big Conversation , offering a chance to share your views with the council to help shape the future of York through climate change, health and wellbeing, and York's economy. (york.gov.uk)
  • York's Skills and Employment Board launched a One Year Skills Plan, Helping People Through Change - Skills for Employment in York , to support residents and businesses as the city continues to recover from COVID-19. (york.gov.uk)
  • It ranks but 44th out of the 50 states as an entrepreneurial hot spot, while the New York City region ranks 47th for entrepreneurship out of the 50 largest metro areas, according to economist David Birch of Cognetics Inc., a highly respected Cambridge, Mass., research firm. (observer.com)
  • Case reports increased in of 2001 and continued in 2002, following the anthrax attacks in New York City, New Jersey, Washington, D.C., and Florida. (medscape.com)
  • A Brooklyn man taken into custody in East New York late on Sunday has been charged in the killing of imam Maulama Akonjee and his assistant Thara Uddin outside the Al-Furqan Jame Masjid mosque in Ozone Park, Queens, on Saturday. (gawker.com)
  • Covid is a battle, our economy is a battle,' he told reporters at Citi Field in Queens, home of baseball's New York Mets. (cnbc.com)
  • 400 years after Hudson found New York harbor, Eric Sanderson shares how he made a 3D map of Mannahatta's fascinating pre-city ecology of hills, rivers, wildlife -- accurate down to the block -- when Times Square was a wetland and you couldn't get delivery. (ted.com)
  • I intended to visit on October 31 but a quick Google search brought me to a 1995 New York Times article that mentioned the cemetery closes on Halloween because of fear of vandals destroying or damaging the Houdini gravesite. (tripadvisor.ca)
  • On Thursday, the New York City Fire Department handled more than 6,000 911 calls, on what was the busiest day ever for FDNY paramedics in terms of individual medical incidents, according to the department. (go.com)
  • The superstorm caused severe damage in many areas, especially in New Jersey, New York City, and other parts of New York State. (cdc.gov)
  • Scientists predict that New York City is likely to have more frequent and more severe heat waves in the coming decades due to climate change. (cdc.gov)
  • Large demonstrations have rolled across the city as outraged protesters shout, chant and plead for action to end police brutality against African Americans. (cnbc.com)
  • Police and protesters in New York clashed in the wake of Floyd's killing, reigniting long-simmering anger over Eric Garner's 2014 death at the hands of the NYPD. (cnbc.com)
  • That's the sort of discussion that might help prepare the city for both global competition and the new digital economy, in which we are neither first nor foremost but are, despite the current new media boom, still a second-rank player in high tech, well behind-gasp! (observer.com)
  • The NYC Tracking Program worked closely with staff from the city's Climate and Health program, funded by the CDC Climate Ready States and Cities Initiative , to contribute to a city-wide strategic plan to prepare for the effects of climate change. (cdc.gov)
  • means a committee, council, board or similar entity constituted to provide advice or recommendations to the city and having no authority to take a final action on behalf of the city or take any action which would have the effect of conditioning, limiting or requiring any final action by any other agency, or to take any action which is authorized by law. (nyc.gov)
  • Plans for building a new City Hall were discussed by the New York City Council as early as 1776, but the financial strains of the war delayed progress. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Council chose a site at the old Common at the northern limits of the city, now City Hall Park . (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] Construction was delayed after the City Council objected that the design was too extravagant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Othniel Askew , a political rival of City Councilman James E. Davis , opened fire with a pistol from the balcony of the City Council chamber. (wikipedia.org)
  • and we are able to do it because this city got healthier and healthier over the past few weeks. (timeout.com)
  • Congratulations to the development team and thank you to all of our partners for their ongoing efforts to create a healthier, more affordable city for all New Yorkers. (nyc.gov)
  • The New York State Nurses Association reached tentative contract agreements overnight with Mount Sinai Hospital and Montefiore Medical Center. (politico.com)
  • NEW YORK - The New York City nurses strike ended early Thursday after their union reached tentative contract agreements overnight with Mount Sinai Hospital and Montefiore Medical Center. (politico.com)
  • The USNS Comfort and a military hospital established at the Javits Center are both expected to take non-COVID-19 patients soon in order to free up beds in the city for those who are sick. (go.com)
  • For the specialty rankings, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center remains number one in cancer care, the Cleveland Clinic is number one in cardiology and heart surgery, and the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City is number one in orthopedics. (medscape.com)
  • You'll find pick-up locations across New York City's five boroughs and at nearby airports, including JFK and LaGuardia . (hertz.com)
  • The opulent lobby inside the Four Seasons Hotel New York, Downtown. (forbes.com)
  • Eventually, New York did revive economically, carried on the back of a resurgent financial industry, which was itself another of the old port's progeny: long before 1792, when the Buttonwood Agreement established the New York Stock Exchange, downtown New York had financiers who insured and invested in shipping. (city-journal.org)
  • From cozy boutique hotels to historic grande dames, the options for the best hotels in New York City are seemingly endless. (forbes.com)
  • We need to recover our city from crime, from economic devastation, from uncertainty. (cnbc.com)
  • New Orleans as a city and as a port complex had ceased to exist, and it was not clear that it could recover. (nybooks.com)
  • From October 12 to 18, NYCxDESIGN presents the Design Pavilion, a prominent public architectural exhibition in New York . (archdaily.com)
  • But the ban was put on hold to first give manufacturers and the city time to see if they can come up with a way to recycle the material. (cnn.com)
  • We'll finally be able to swim at New York City beaches, just in time for the Fourth of July. (timeout.com)
  • Bemoaning the disappearance of the New York is a time-honored tradition: no one has ever arrived here early enough to experience the city at its greatest, and everyone who comes after you has arrived too late. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The tracking program also established baseline rates of heat-related illness for the city so they can monitor trends over time. (cdc.gov)
  • A surveillance system that uses census tract resolution of persons tested, were increasing or not decreasing and the SaTScan prospective space-time scan statistic as quickly relative to elsewhere in the city). (cdc.gov)
  • With a world-famous landmark on every street corner and an abundance of subway stops - it's easy to find your way around the city. (britishairways.com)
  • Such concentration within a single industry means that when Wall Street sneezes, the rest of New York feels sick. (city-journal.org)
  • New Amsterdam 's first City Hall was built by the Dutch Republic in the 17th century near present-day 73 Pearl Street . (wikipedia.org)
  • This section of the website presents a single collection of objects from one donor: the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (si.edu)
  • Health experts also noted that the numbers in New York are just a snapshot of the virus' spread. (go.com)
  • There are more than half a million health care workers in the city, according to a report released by New York City Comptroller Scott Stringer. (go.com)
  • Using tracking data for NYC, they estimated potential health impacts from increasing temperatures during the 2020s if no additional climate adaptation measures are taken by the city. (cdc.gov)
  • New York City is in the forefront among cities connecting the dots between extreme heat, climate change, and their effects on health. (cdc.gov)
  • During the period May 16-23, 1986, employees of the New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH) participated in a survey regarding smoking practices and attitudes toward a workplace smoking policy. (cdc.gov)
  • YRBSS, the New York City Youth Risk Behavior Survey (NYC YRBS) is conducted by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) in collaboration with the New York City Department of Education (DOE). (cdc.gov)
  • S navirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) molecular test results (posi- patiotemporal analysis of high-resolution corona- tive, negative, indeterminate) for New York state virus disease (COVID-19) data can help health of- residents to the New York State Electronic Clinical fi cials monitor disease spread and target interventions Laboratory Reporting System ( 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Surveillance data (2000-2010) and mortality data (2000-2011) maintained by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) were deterministically cross-matched. (bvsalud.org)
  • A ban would put New York City in the same league as San Francisco, Seattle, San Jose and Portland, all of which have restrictions on Styrofoam containers. (cnn.com)
  • Gov. Andrew Cuomo has said that New York is completing more testing than other states, leading to a rise in the numbers. (go.com)
  • In 2007, about 14 cases of rickettsialpox were reported New York City (a rate of approximately 1.7 cases per 1,000,000 persons). (medscape.com)
  • We learn from the video that "New York is America," and that it was not London or Amsterdam but New York that invented modern capitalism. (observer.com)
  • Every town has its own problems, which are often completely incomprehensible to people even the next state over. (cracked.com)
  • The more recent explosion of financial services in New York reflected a series of innovations made by smart people who learned from one another's ideas. (city-journal.org)
  • The job of city government is to attract smart people and get out of their way. (city-journal.org)
  • Lots of old religious clerks and people from New York buried here. (tripadvisor.ca)
  • If the mandate isn't necessary for famous people, then it's not necessary for the cops who are protecting our city in the middle of a crime crisis,' Police Benevolent Association Pat Lynch said. (cnbc.com)
  • And with all eyes on the city, more people are aware of the situation and residents may seek out testing at higher rates than in other areas, according to Dr. Jon Zelner, an associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan. (go.com)
  • That looks fake like most of those crazy people of new york staged videos. (skyscraperpage.com)
  • And the people of Staten Island and Brooklyn, I believe, voted for me in part because they did want someone who was going to push back on the far left agenda taking over New York City. (politico.com)
  • Deaths among people with hepatitis C in New York City, 2000-2011. (bvsalud.org)
  • While indoor dining out is still prohibited in New York City, even the outdoor seating at restaurants doesn't always feel safe for Whitney Kuo. (npr.org)
  • The Legal Referral Service will refer you to a lawyer in the New York Metropolitan area who will charge a $35.00 consultation fee for the first half-hour. (nycourts.gov)
  • The New York City Police riot occurred in front of New York City Hall between the recently dissolved New York Municipal Police and the newly formed Metropolitan Police on June 16, 1857. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oversized suites have gorgeous marble bathrooms, oversized tubs with views of the city skyline and plush beds that you'll melt right into. (forbes.com)
  • Then there is intensified immigration, which means that New York is now 35 percent foreign-born and headed higher. (observer.com)
  • School policing remains a hot-button issue in the city, and New York has not gone as far as cities like Los Angeles in cutting its police budget. (edweek.org)
  • New York City's largest police union blasted the expected announcement, saying those still under vaccine requirements are being treated as 'second-class citizens. (cnbc.com)
  • New York City has been gripped by days of social unrest in the wake of the May 25 killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police. (cnbc.com)
  • Police guard a smoke shop near New York City's Union Square after looters tried to break in. (cnbc.com)
  • No one has really stood up to him or held him accountable or even asked where are the federal funds that are given to the city going," Malliotakis said. (politico.com)
  • New York City could soon become the biggest U.S. metropolis to outlaw Styrofoam food and beverage containers. (cnn.com)
  • Our ambitions will be reflected in the 'York Climate Change Strategy', once published. (york.gov.uk)
  • The majority of the remaining walls, which encircle the whole of the medieval city, date from the 13th - 14th century. (wikipedia.org)