Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Simulation of symptoms of illness or injury with intent to deceive in order to obtain a goal, e.g., a claim of physical illness to avoid jury duty.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
A prodromal phase of cognitive decline that may precede the emergence of ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementias. It may include impairment of cognition, such as impairments in language, visuospatial awareness, ATTENTION and MEMORY.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Lists of words to which individuals are asked to respond ascertaining the conceptual meaning held by the individual.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An autosomal dominant inherited partial epilepsy syndrome with onset between age 3 and 13 years. Seizures are characterized by PARESTHESIA and tonic or clonic activity of the lower face associated with drooling and dysarthria. In most cases, affected children are neurologically and developmentally normal. (From Epilepsia 1998 39;Suppl 4:S32-S41)
Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)
A state of internal activity of an organism that is a necessary condition before a given stimulus will elicit a class of responses; e.g., a certain level of hunger (drive) must be present before food will elicit an eating response.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
Performance of complex motor acts.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A series of tests designed to assess neuropsychological function. The battery is used to diagnose specific cerebral dysfunction and also to determine lateralization.
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. A wide variety of psychic phenomena may be associated, including illusions, hallucinations, dyscognitive states, and affective experiences. The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p321)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A late-appearing component of the event-related potential. P300 stands for a positive deflection in the event-related voltage potential at 300 millisecond poststimulus. Its amplitude increases with unpredictable, unlikely, or highly significant stimuli and thereby constitutes an index of mental activity. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Treatment of chronic, severe and intractable psychiatric disorders by surgical removal or interruption of certain areas or pathways in the brain, especially in the prefrontal lobes.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A major and the second most common isoform of apolipoprotein E. In humans, Apo E4 differs from APOLIPOPROTEIN E3 at only one residue 112 (cysteine is replaced by arginine), and exhibits a lower resistance to denaturation and greater propensity to form folded intermediates. Apo E4 is a risk factor for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Readiness to think or respond in a predetermined way when confronted with a problem or stimulus situation.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. In muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. Creatine is excreted as CREATININE in the urine.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.
One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Loss of the ability to recall information that had been previously encoded in memory prior to a specified or approximate point in time. This process may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organic forms may be associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and a wide variety of other conditions that impair cerebral function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-9)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.
Non-invasive methods of visualizing the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the brain, by various imaging modalities.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Tendency toward a lessened strength of response due to practice or activity. It is independent of the effect of reward and is a direct function of time interval since the last response and the number of preceding responses.
Loss of the ability to form new memories beyond a certain point in time. This condition may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organically induced anterograde amnesia may follow CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; SEIZURES; ANOXIA; and other conditions which adversely affect neural structures associated with memory formation (e.g., the HIPPOCAMPUS; FORNIX (BRAIN); MAMMILLARY BODIES; and ANTERIOR THALAMIC NUCLEI). (From Memory 1997 Jan-Mar;5(1-2):49-71)
A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)
A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.

Disrupted temporal lobe connections in semantic dementia. (1/12115)

Semantic dementia refers to the variant of frontotemporal dementia in which there is progressive semantic deterioration and anomia in the face of relative preservation of other language and cognitive functions. Structural imaging and SPECT studies of such patients have suggested that the site of damage, and by inference the region critical to semantic processing, is the anterolateral temporal lobe, especially on the left. Recent functional imaging studies of normal participants have revealed a network of areas involved in semantic tasks. The present study used PET to examine the consequences of focal damage to the anterolateral temporal cortex for the operation of this semantic network. We measured PET activation associated with a semantic decision task relative to a visual decision task in four patients with semantic dementia compared with six age-matched normal controls. Normals activated a network of regions consistent with previous studies. The patients activated some areas consistently with the normals, including some regions of significant atrophy, but showed substantially reduced activity particularly in the left posterior inferior temporal gyrus (iTG) (Brodmann area 37/19). Voxel-based morphometry, used to identify the regions of structural deficit, revealed significant anterolateral temporal atrophy (especially on the left), but no significant structural damage to the posterior inferior temporal lobe. Other evidence suggests that the left posterior iTG is critically involved in lexical-phonological retrieval: the lack of activation here is consistent with the observation that these patients are all anomic. We conclude that changes in activity in regions distant from the patients' structural damage support the argument that their prominent anomia is due to disrupted temporal lobe connections.  (+info)

Non-motor associative learning in patients with isolated degenerative cerebellar disease. (2/12115)

In recent decades it has become clear that the cerebellum is involved in associative motor learning, but its exact role in motor learning as such is still controversial. Recently, a contribution of the cerebellum to different cognitive abilities has also been considered, but it remains unclear whether the cerebellum contributes to cognitive associative learning. We compared nine patients with an isolated cerebellar degenerative disease in a cognitive associative learning task with 10 controls. Patients and controls were matched for age, sex, handedness, level of education, intelligence and capabilities of visual memory. The subjects were asked to learn the association between six pairs of colours and numerals by trial and error. Additionally, a simple reaction time and a visual scanning test were conducted in order to control for the influence of motor performance deficits in cerebellar patients. In comparison with the controls, it took the patients significantly longer to learn the correct associations between colours and numerals, and they were impaired in recognizing them later on. Two patients showed no associative learning effect at all. Neither the simple reaction time nor the visual scanning time correlated substantially with the results of associative learning. Therefore, motor-associated disabilities are unlikely to be the reason for the learning deficit in cerebellar patients. Our results suggest that the cerebellum might contribute to motor-independent processes that are generally involved in associative learning.  (+info)

Unilateral neglect and disambiguation of the Necker cube. (3/12115)

Three groups of patients (right brain-damaged patients with or without left neglect, and left brain-damaged patients) and a group of healthy subjects, matched for age and educational level to the three groups of patients, were asked to report which of the two frontal surfaces of Necker cubes oriented in four different ways looked, at first sight, nearer to the viewer. The extent to which, and the way in which, disambiguation of the apparent perspective of Necker cubes occurred was found to vary across the four orientations and to be different in left-neglect patients compared with subjects of the other three groups. With normal subjects, the disambiguating factor is suggested to be a disposition to perceive the upper surface, which is nearly orthogonal to the frontal plane, as external to the cube. This would result from a navigation of the observer's spatial attention towards its target along a particular path that is altered in patients suffering from left neglect. It is suggested that comparison of the paths followed by the attentional vectors of normal subjects and left-neglect patients is potentially fruitful for a better understanding of the brain's normal mechanisms of spatial attention and of unresolved issues concerning the perception of the Necker cube.  (+info)

Impairment in preattentive visual processing in patients with Parkinson's disease. (4/12115)

We explored the possibility of whether preattentive visual processing is impaired in Parkinson's disease. With this aim, visual discrimination thresholds for orientation texture stimuli were determined in two separate measurement sessions in 16 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The results were compared with those of 16 control subjects age-matched and 16 young healthy volunteers. Discrimination thresholds were measured in a four-alternative spatial forced-choice paradigm, in which subjects judged the location of a target embedded in a background of distractors. Four different stimulus configurations were employed: (i) a group of vertical targets among horizontal distractors ('vertical line targets'); (ii) targets with varying levels of orientation difference on a background of spatially filtered vertically oriented noise ('Gaussian filtered noise'); (iii) one 'L' among 43 '+' signs ('texton'), all of which assess preattentive visual processing; and (iv) control condition, of one 'L' among 43 'T' distractors ('non-texton' search target), which reflects attentive visual processing. In two of the preattentive tasks (filtered noise and texton), patients with Parkinson's disease required significantly greater orientation differences and longer stimulus durations, respectively. In contrast, their performance in the vertical line target and non-texton search target was comparable to that of the matched control subjects. These differences were more pronounced in the first compared with the second session. Duration of illness and age within the patient group correlated significantly with test performance. In all conditions tested, the young control subjects performed significantly better than the more elderly control group, further indicating an effect of age on this form of visual processing. The results suggest that, in addition to the well documented impairment in retinal processing, idiopathic Parkinson's disease is associated with a deficit in preattentive cortical visual processing.  (+info)

The role of ventral medial wall motor areas in bimanual co-ordination. A combined lesion and activation study. (5/12115)

Two patients with midline tumours and disturbances of bimanual co-ordination as the presenting symptoms were examined. Both reported difficulties whenever the two hands had to act together simultaneously, whereas they had no problems with unimanual dexterity or the use of both hands sequentially. In the first patient the lesion was confined to the cingulate gyrus; in the second it also invaded the corpus callosum and the supplementary motor area. Kinematic analysis of bimanual in-phase and anti-phase movements revealed an impairment of both the temporal adjustment between the hands and the independence of movements between the two hands. A functional imaging study in six volunteers, who performed the same bimanual in-phase and anti-phase tasks, showed strong activations of midline areas including the cingulate and ventral supplementary motor area. The prominent activation of the ventral medial wall motor areas in the volunteers in conjunction with the bimanual co-ordination disorder in the two patients with lesions compromising their function is evidence for their pivotal role in bimanual co-ordination.  (+info)

Episodic memory in transient global amnesia: encoding, storage, or retrieval deficit? (6/12115)

OBJECTIVES: To assess episodic memory (especially anterograde amnesia) during the acute phase of transient global amnesia to differentiate an encoding, a storage, or a retrieval deficit. METHODS: In three patients, whose amnestic episode fulfilled all current criteria for transient global amnesia, a neuropsychological protocol was administered which included a word learning task derived from the Grober and Buschke's procedure. RESULTS: In one patient, the results suggested an encoding deficit, and in two others, a storage deficit. CONCLUSIONS: The encoding/storage impairment concerning anterograde amnesia documented in our patients stands in clear contrast with the impairment in retrieval which must underly the retrograde amnesia that also characterises transient global amnesia. This dissociation in turn favours the idea of a functional independence among the cognitive mechanisms that subserve episodic memory.  (+info)

Pure apraxic agraphia with abnormal writing stroke sequences: report of a Japanese patient with a left superior parietal haemorrhage. (7/12115)

A 67 year old Japanese male patient had pure agraphia after a haemorrhage in the left superior parietal lobule. He developed difficulty in letter formation but showed no linguistic errors, consistent with the criteria of apraxic agraphia. He manifested a selective disorder of sequencing writing strokes, although he was able to orally state the correct sequences. The patient's complete recovery after 1 month, without new learning, showed that he had manifested a selective disorder of writing stroke sequences. These findings indicate that the final stage of the execution of writing according to acquired sequential memory shown as a stroke sequence can be selectively disturbed, and should be considered to be distinct from the ability of character imagery and the knowledge of the writing stroke sequence itself. This case also indicates that the left superior parietal lobule plays an important part in the execution of writing.  (+info)

Cognitive outcome after unilateral pallidal stimulation in Parkinson's disease. (8/12115)

OBJECTIVES: Chronic high frequency electrostimulation of the globus pallidus internus mimics pallidotomy and improves clinical symptoms in Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive consequences of unilateral deep brain stimulation. METHODS: Twenty non-demented patients with Parkinson's disease (age range 38-70 years) were neuropsychologically assessed 2 months before and 3 months after unilateral pallidal stimulation. The cognitive assessment included measures of memory, spatial behaviour, and executive and psychomotor function. In addition to group analysis of cognitive change, a cognitive impairment index (CII) was calculated for each individual patient representing the percentage of cognitive measures that fell more than 1 SD below the mean of a corresponding normative sample. RESULTS: Neurological assessment with the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale disclosed a significant postoperative reduction in average clinical Parkinson's disease symptomatology (p<0.001). Repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (using right/left side of stimulation as a between subjects factor) showed no significant postoperative change in cognitive performance for the total patient group (main effect of operation). The side of stimulation did not show a significant differential effect on cognitive performance (main effect of lateralisation). There was no significant operation by lateralisation interaction effect. Although the patients experienced significant motor symptom relief after pallidal stimulation, they remained mildly depressed after surgery. Analysis of the individual CII changes showed a postoperative cognitive decline in 30% of the patients. These patients were significantly older and took higher preoperative doses of levodopa than patients showing no change or a postoperative cognitive improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Left or right pallidal stimulation for the relief of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease seems relatively safe, although older patients and patients needing high preoperative doses of levodopa seem to be more vulnerable for cognitive decline after deep brain stimulation.  (+info)

Title:Auditory Verbal Learning Test is Superior to Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Memory for Predicting Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimers Disease. VOLUME: 12 ISSUE: 6. Author(s):Qianhua Zhao, Qihao Guo, Xiaoniu Liang, Meirong Chen, Yan Zhou, Ding Ding and Zhen Hong. Affiliation:No. 12 Wulumuqi Rd(M), Shanghai, China, 200040.. Keywords:Alzheimers disease, auditory verbal learning test, mild cognitive impairment, operational criteria, Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test, subjective cognitive decline.. Abstract:Objective: To carry out meaningful comparisons on results of different research studies on mild cognitive impairment (MCI), it is critical to select an appropriate objective memory test to examine memory deficit. We aim to refine the operational criteria of amnestic MCI (aMCI) on neuropsychological tests that optimally balance the sensitivity and specificity. Methods: We focused on 206 non-demented subjects from memory clinic. We then classified each individual as having MCI or ...
TRVB test de retenciГіn visual de Benton manual (Book. 10/9/2018 · The Benton Visual Retention Test - Fifth Edition (BVRT-5) is a clinical and research instrument designed to assess visual memory, visual perception, and visual-constructive abilities and as a supplement to mental examinations of persons suspected of abnormality. Three forms, C, D, and E …, However, during the clinical psychology area of the 1940s and 1950s, the qualitative approach to assessment gave way to the use of individual psychometric tests, many of which could be scored such as the Benton Visual Retention Test (Benton, 1974), the Graham-Kendall Memory for Designs (1960), and the Bender Gestalt (Bender, 1938).. More than 50 years of proven clinical utility is the hallmark of Benton Visual Retention Test®.This test has proven its sensitivity to reading disabilities, nonverbal learning disabilities, traumatic brain injury, Attention-Deficit Disorder, Alzheimers, and other forms of dementia. 11/22/2006 · The Benton ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of low visual acuity on neuropsychological test scores. T2 - A simulation study. AU - de Haan, Gera A.. AU - Tucha, Oliver. AU - Heutink, Joost. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Objective: To systematically examine the effect of low visual acuity (LVA) on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests.Method: In this study, the influence of LVA on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests was examined in 238 healthy older adults (aged 50-80) without visual or neurological impairment. LVA was simulated using simulation glasses.Results: It was found that a simulated LVA of ∼0.2 (decimal acuity; Snellen 6/30 or 20/100, LogMAR 0.7) had a negative impact on test performance for the Trail Making Test, Complex Figure of Rey (copy score), and Visual Object and Space Perception battery subtest 3, but not for the Mini Mental State Examination and Balloons test. For some tests, the negative impact of LVA increased with age.Conclusions: These results have important ...
The effect of seasons and seasonal variation on neuropsychological test performance in patients with bipolar I disorder and their first-degree ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). T2 - Normative Data for Older Adults. AU - Olaithe, Michelle. AU - Weinborn, Michael. AU - Lowndes, Talitha. AU - Ng, Amanda. AU - Hodgson, Erica. AU - Fine, Lara Aishling. AU - Parker, Denise. AU - Pushpanathan, Maria. AU - Bayliss, Donna. AU - Anderson, Michael. AU - Bucks, Romola. PY - 2019/12. Y1 - 2019/12. N2 - ObjectiveProvide updated older adult (ages 60+) normative data for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), Form A, using regression techniques, and corrected for education, age, and gender.MethodParticipants (aged 60-93 years; N = 415) were recruited through the Healthy Ageing Research Program (HARP), University of Western Australia, and completed Form A of the RBANS as part of a wider neuropsychological test battery. Regression-based techniques were used to generate normative data rather than means-based methods. This methodology allows for the control ...
The effects of psychological factors on neuropsychological test performance https://www.upress.umn.edu/test-division/bibliography/1990-1999/1997/johnston_effects_1997 https://www.upress.umn.edu/logo.png ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Regional brain atrophy in HIV‐1 infection. T2 - association with specific neuropsychological test performance. AU - Hestad, K.. AU - McArthur, J. H.. AU - Pan, G. J.Dal. AU - Selnes, O. A.. AU - Nance‐Sproson, T. E.. AU - Aylward, E.. AU - Mathews, V. P.. AU - McArthur, J. C.. PY - 1993/8. Y1 - 1993/8. N2 - Quantified magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was related to neuropsychological (NP) test scores in an asymptomatic HIV‐1 seropositive group, a non‐demented AIDS/ARC group, a group of subjects with HIV‐1 dementia, and a seronegative control group. The MRIs were quantified using three planimetric measures of brain structure: the bicaudate ratio (a measure of caudate region atrophy), the bifrontal ratio (a measure of frontal region atrophy), and the ventricle to brain ratio (a measure of overall cerebral atrophy). Cognitive performance was assessed with standard NP tests. Significant correlations between the MRI ratios and many of the NP tests were observed. Of the tests ...
To characterize the relationship between dispersion-based intra-individual variability (IIVd) in neuropsychological test performance and brain volume among HIV seropositive and seronegative men and to
TY - JOUR. T1 - Are we exaggerating neuropsychological impairment in depression? Reopening a closed chapter. AU - Moritz, Steffen. AU - Stöckert, Katrin. AU - Hauschildt, Marit. AU - Lill, Hannah. AU - Jelinek, Lena. AU - Beblo, Thomas. AU - Diedrich, Sabrina. AU - Arlt, Sönke. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Background: Meta-analyses conclude that individuals with depression display neurocognitive deficits. However, the extent to which some of these impairments occur due to secondary influences, and thus in part represent epiphenomena, has rarely been tested. Therefore, the authors examined the impact of performance motivation, attitude towards cognitive assessment, and momentary symptoms during assessment on neuropsychological test results in depression. Research design and methods: Forty-five patients with depression and 60 nonclinical individuals underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. Before and after the assessment, each participant was asked to complete the Momentary ...
The Rey-Osterrieth (ROCF) and Taylor (TCF) complex figure tests are widely used to assess visuospatial and constructional abilities as well as visual/non-verbal memory. Normative data adjusted to the cultural and linguistic reality of older Quebec-French individuals is still nonexistent for these te …
TY - JOUR. T1 - Complex real-world functioning and neuropsychological test performance in older adults. AU - Baird, A.. AU - Podell, Kenneth. AU - Lovell, M.. AU - McGinty, S. B.. PY - 2001/12/1. Y1 - 2001/12/1. N2 - In stepwise regression analyses with Independent Living Scales (ILS) summary and subscale scores as the dependent variables, 8 of 10 psychometric measures from our battery for older adults emerged as important predictors for 69 patients referred for clinical assessment. The Dementia Rating Scale (DRS) score entered first for 6/8 analyses. However, measures of confrontation naming, oral reading, verbal fluency, paragraph recall, visual perception, complex attention, and depression also added explanatory power. Multiple Rs ranged from .66 to .88 except for the Social Adjustment subscale, which correlated only with the depression scale.. AB - In stepwise regression analyses with Independent Living Scales (ILS) summary and subscale scores as the dependent variables, 8 of 10 psychometric ...
Introduction: Semi-automatic neuropsychological testing has gained a position both in clinical use and in research. Comparison studies with traditional neuropsychological tests are sparse and the role of such semi-automated testing is debated. To integrate semi-automated neuropsychological testing in the established clinical setting the tests must be validated in the patient groups addressed. The aim of this study was to validate Cambridge Neuropsychological Tests Automated Battery (CANTAB) in patients with epilepsy. Material and Methods: Patients scheduled for traditional neuropsychological testing with Category test (CT), Trail Making Test part B (TMT-B), WAIS-III and WMS-R were also asked to complete the CANTAB battery. Our hypothesis was that memory tests from CANTAB (DMS, PAL) would correlate with visual memory tests from WMS-R and that a test of executive functions from CANTAB (SOC) would correlate with functions tested with TMT-B, CT and WAIS-III. Results: Scores from DMS correlated strongly with
Neuropsychological examination is an important way of formally assessing brain function. While there is so much documentation about the influence that some factors such as age and education has on neuropsychological tests (NP), not so much has been done to assess the influence that residency (rural/urban) may have. The specific objectives of this study were to establish if there is a significant difference in mean test scores on NP tests between rural and urban participants, to assess which tests on the Zambia Neurobehavioural Test Battery (ZNTB) are more affected by the participants residency (rural/urban) and to determine the extent to which education, gender and age predict test performance on NP tests for rural and urban participants. The participants (324) were drawn from both urban and rural areas of Zambia (Rural =152 and Urban = 172). However, only 234 participants (Rural =152 and Urban 82) were used for all the analyses in this particular study. The 234 participants were used as the ...
The conventional scores of the neuropsychological batteries are not fully optimized for diagnosing dementia despite their variety and abundance of information. To achieve low-cost high-accuracy diagnose performance for dementia using a neuropsychological battery, a novel framework is proposed using the response profiles of 2666 cognitively normal elderly individuals and 435 dementia patients who have participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD). The key idea of the proposed framework is to propose a cost-effective and precise two-stage classification procedure that employed Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) as a screening test and the KLOSCAD Neuropsychological Assessment Battery as a diagnostic test using deep learning. In addition, an evaluation procedure of redundant variables is introduced to prevent performance degradation. A missing data imputation method is also presented to increase the robustness by recovering information loss. The proposed deep
Objectives Endophenotypes in schizophrenia research is a contemporary approach to studying this heterogeneous mental illness, and several candidate neurophysiological markers (e.g. P50 sensory gating) and neuropsychological tests (e.g. Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)) have been proposed. However, the clinical utility of a single marker appears to be limited. In the present study, we aimed to construct a diagnostic model incorporating P50 sensory gating with other neuropsychological tests in order to improve the clinical utility. Methods We recruited clinically stable outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria of schizophrenia and age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Participants underwent P50 sensory gating experimental sessions and batteries of neuropsychological tests, including CPT, WCST and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Third Edition (WAIS-III). Results A total of 106 schizophrenia patients and 74 healthy controls were enrolled. Compared with healthy
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predicting Alzheimers disease. T2 - Neuropsychological tests, self-reports, and informant reports of cognitive difficulties. AU - Rabin, Laura A.. AU - Wang, Cuiling. AU - Katz, Mindy J.. AU - Derby, Carol A.. AU - Buschke, Herman. AU - Lipton, Richard B.. PY - 2012/6. Y1 - 2012/6. N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent and combined contributions to the risk of Alzheimers disease (AD) of three important domains of cognitive assessment: neuropsychological measurement, self-reports, and informant reports. DESIGN: Longitudinal, community-based sample. SETTING: Einstein Aging Study. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-seven individuals without dementia aged 70 and older systematically recruited from the Bronx, New York. MEASUREMENTS: Comprehensive assessment included neurological examination, behavioral questions, and neuropsychological testing. AD diagnoses were based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria assigned at a ...
This analysis of individual patient data across the 31 studies provides further evidence that euthymic bipolar patients exhibit moderate cognitive impairments on a range of standard neuropsychological tests. Cognitive deficits remain significant even after controlling for key baseline factors such as age, IQ and gender that are known to affect neuropsychological test performance. The current level of minor depressive symptoms and the effects of some drug treatments may contribute to these effects but cannot explain them. Thus, there is significant residual cognitive impairment associated with bipolar disorder over and above the known confounding factors.. The effect sizes for such deficits were lower (0.26-0.63) than those reported in prior meta-analyses [6-8, 10] (ds = 0.5-1.0). This reduction in observed effect sizes is in part due to controlling better for the effect of age, IQ and gender. However, we were also able to include unpublished studies which often had the lowest effect sizes [e.g. ...
It has long been appreciated among clinical neuropsychologists that both primary and secondary factors contribute to cognitive dysfunction in neurological patients. Primary influences are the direct result of the extent and location of damage to the brain. Secondary influences stem from something associated with brain injury or disease besides the specific areas of the brain affected.
It has long been appreciated among clinical neuropsychologists that both primary and secondary factors contribute to cognitive dysfunction in neurological patients. Primary influences are the direct result of the extent and location of damage to the brain. Secondary influences stem from something associated with brain injury or disease besides the specific areas of the brain affected.
OBJECTIVE: To identify type 1 diabetes-related predictors of change in the neuropsychological profiles of children over the first 2 years of the illness. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Children (n = 116) aged 3-14 years were assessed soon after diagnosis and re-evaluated 2 years later to examine relationships between illness variables, such as age of onset and metabolic control history, and changes in neuropsychological status over the first 2 years of type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: Illness variables were significant predictors of change in neuropsychological test scores within 2 years of onset of type 1 diabetes. Age of onset of type 1 diabetes predicted negative change on Performance Intelligence Quotient, whereas both recurrent severe hypoglycemia and chronic hyperglycemia were associated with reduced memory and learning capacity. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the relationship between metabolic control and neuropsychological risk is nonlinear in that children with either recurrent severe ...
Introduction: With the recent publication of new criteria for the diagnosis of preclinical Alzheimers disease (AD), there is a need for neuropsychological tools that take premorbid functioning into account in order to detect subtle cognitive decline. Using demographic adjustments is one method for increasing the sensitivity of commonly used measures. We sought to provide a useful online z-score calculator that yields estimates of percentile ranges and adjusts individual performance based on sex, age and/or education for each of the neuropsychological tests of the National Alzheimers Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set (NACC, UDS). In addition, we aimed to provide an easily accessible method of creating norms for other clinical researchers for their own, unique data sets. Methods: Data from 3,268 clinically cognitively-normal older UDS subjects from a cohort reported by Weintraub and colleagues (2009) were included. For all neuropsychological tests, z-scores were estimated by subtracting the ...
Many studies have reported on the pattern of neuropsychological test performance across varied seizure diagnosis populations. Far fewer studies have evaluated the accuracy of the clinical neuropsychologist in formulating an impression of the seizure diagnosis based on results of neuropsychological assessment, or compared the accuracy of clinical neuropsychological judgment to results of statistical prediction. Accuracy of clinical neuropsychological versus statistical prediction was investigated in four seizure classification scenarios. While both methods outperformed chance, accuracy of clinical neuropsychological classification was either equivalent or superior to statistical prediction. Results support the utility and validity of clinical neuropsychological judgment in epilepsy treatment settings
Objective: Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (NCATS) are often used as a screening tool to identify cognitive deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, differing methodology across studies renders it difficult to identify a consensus regarding the validity of NCATs. Thus, studies where multiple NCATs are administered in the same sample using the same methodology are warranted. Method: We investigated the validity of four NCATs: the ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT. Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant validity, and regression analyses to identify the unique variance in NCAT and NP scores attributed to group status. Effect sizes (Cohens f2) were calculated to guide ...
Neuropsychological impairment is widely accepted as being common in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) but infrequent in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. The neuropsychological function of a homogenous sample of HIV-infected haemophiliacs was investigated. Neuropsychological impairment, the nature of which is compatible with that described in the existing literature, was found in one of four AIDS cases. Eleven AIDS related complex (ARC) and 12 asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals were free of neuropsychological deficit.. ...
TY - GEN. T1 - What kind of integration between qualitative and quantitative measures in spatial-deficit recovery? Neuropsychological evidence for the assessment and intervention. AU - Balconi, Michela. AU - Sozzi, Matteo. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Qualitative and quantitative measures to explore the assessment procedures and the intervention strategies for the successive recovery of spatial attentional deficits (such as neglect syndrome) were recollected in the past years within neuropsychological domains. However, whereas the real impact of these two distinct methodologies on the patients recovery were largely considered, no specific analysis was conducted to directly compare the long-lasting effects of these methodologies taking into account some subjective and contextual main variables, as well as it was not considered the impact of the integration between the qualitative and quantitative perspective. Firstly, from one side the effective compliance of patients in clinical specific ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How specific is specific impairment?. AU - Bird, Héctor R.. AU - Davies, Mark. AU - Fisher, Prudence. AU - Narrow, William. AU - Jensen, Peter S.. AU - Hoven, Christina. AU - Cohen, Patricia. AU - Dulcan, Mina K.. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - Objective: To describe the usefulness of impairment items placed at the end of each diagnostic section of a structured instrument (the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3) in an attempt to link impairment to specific diagnoses. Method: Data from 3 sites of the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders Study were used to assess the reliability of the specific impairment measures by diagnosis, the extent to which global and specific measures of impairment impact on prevalence rates, the concordance between global and specific impairment, and the degree to which there may be a halo effect among specific impairment ratings. Results: Test-retest reliability was better for parent than youth ...
This study as you can see in the Summary/conclusion & Results slides just below did not find an association between EFV plasma levels & neurocognitive function but most patients had EFV concentrations in the normal range. But they found better neuro function - total NPZ scores, learning & language function with higher metabolite levels. As it was discussed in the Q&A - there were not very high EFV plasma levels in these pts that is why they did not see a correlation between levels & psych performance; comment by Charles Flexner - none of pts have HCV & having higher metabolite levels might be a surrogate for healthier liver & people with healthier livers tend to perform better on psychiatric performance tests. Based on comments by author in Q&A patients did not have drug abuse either ...
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Introduction/objective. It is widely accepted that researchers must have normative data that has been duly validated and culturally adapted in order to ensure that assessments of cognitive performance contain the lowest amount of contamination from other factors.1 This objective was clearly outlined for the Neuronorma Project, an extensive Spanish study that was published recently.2. Neuropsychological evaluation (NPE) for dementia may be more or less extensive and detailed depending on the complexity of the evaluation tools in use: brief scales, functional scales, simple test batteries, complex test batteries, and ideographic studies.3 The most recommendable method for performing NPE for dementia is to use a multidimensional test battery with psychometric properties including sensitive tests for each cognitive area.4 NPE is a key procedure in diagnosing, classifying, and monitoring the course of mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimers disease, and other types of dementia.5,6 The RBANS battery7 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The cognitive change index as a measure of self and informant perception of cognitive decline. T2 - Relation to neuropsychological tests. AU - Rattanabannakit, Chatchawan. AU - Risacher, Shannon L.. AU - Gao, Sujuan. AU - Lane, Kathleen A.. AU - Brown, Steven A.. AU - McDonald, Brenna C.. AU - Unverzagt, Frederick W.. AU - Apostolova, Liana G.. AU - Saykin, Andrew J.. AU - Farlow, Martin R.. PY - 2016/4/12. Y1 - 2016/4/12. N2 - Background: The perception of cognitive decline by individuals and those who know them well ( informants ) has been inconsistently associated with objective cognitive performance, but strongly associated with depressive symptoms.∗Objective:We investigated associations of self-report, informant-report, and discrepancy between self- and informant-report of cognitive decline obtained from the Cognitive Change Index (CCI) with cognitive test performance and self-reported depressive symptoms.∗Methods: 267 participants with normal cognition, mild cognitive ...
Abstract:While research supports the use of neuropsychological measures to predict real-world function (i.e., vocational functioning and activities of daily living) among younger and middle-aged HIV+ adults, no studies have evaluated the validity of using neuropsychological measures for this purpose among older HIV+ adults. The objective of this study was to determine whether neuropsychological measures would demonstrate comparable utility in predicting vocational functioning among younger and older HIV+ adults. Methods: All participants (N=111), including 73 younger adults (all , 35 years; M=31.32, SD=3.19) and 38 older adults (all , 50 years; M=53.79, SD=3.23), underwent comprehensive neuromedical, neuropsychological, and vocational evaluations. The neuropsychological (NP) evaluation assessed verbal skills, attention/working memory, processing speed, learning, memory, motor and abstraction/executive functioning. Vocational functioning was evaluated with the Valpar Vocational Assessment ...
Dysexecutive syndrome (DES) consists of a group of symptoms, usually resulting from brain damage, that fall into cognitive, behavioural and emotional categories and tend to occur together. The term was introduced by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, abstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control. It is thought to be Baddeleys hypothesized working memory system and the central executive that are the hypothetical systems impaired in DES. The syndrome was once known as frontal lobe syndrome, however dysexecutive syndrome is preferred because it emphasizes the functional pattern of deficits (the symptoms) over the location of the syndrome in the frontal lobe, which is often not the only area affected. Classification code in ICD-10 - F07 Symptoms of DES fall into three broad categories: cognitive, emotional and behavioural. Many of the symptoms can be seen as a direct result of impairment to the central executive component of ...
What is the purpose of neuropsychological testing? Neuropsychological tests can be helpful to determine the reasons for changes in the following areas: cognitive functioning, behavior, day-to-day tasks at work/school and/or home, and self-care (e.g., money management, ability to make personal decisions). A variety of conditions typically warrant neuropsychological testing. Here are some examples: cognitive problems of unclear cause; dementia (e.g., Alzheimers); ADHD; learning disorders; traumatic brain injury and concussions; Movement disorders (e.g., Parkinsons); multiple sclerosis; stroke and cerebrovascular disease; brain tumor; infectious diseases (e.g., Lyme disease); metabolic illness or toxin exposure; learning disorders; psychiatric disorders; and alcohol and substance use disorders. What is a neuropsychological test? Neuropsychological testing is a scientifically-based way to use paper-and-pencil and computerized tasks to assess an individuals functioning in the following domains:
TY - JOUR. T1 - Diagnostic accuracy of percent retention scores on RBANS verbal memory subtests for the diagnosis of Alzheimers disease and mild cognitive impairment. AU - Clark, Joy Humphreys. AU - Hobson, Valerie L.. AU - OBryant, Sid E.. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Previous research has supported the use of percent retention scores in the neuropsychological assessment of memory, and many widely used memory measures provide for the calculation and normative comparison of these scores. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), an increasingly utilized assessment tool for cognitive impairment, provides normative data on delayed memory total raw scores only. The current study was aimed at determining the diagnostic accuracy of a novel percent retention score calculated from RBANS verbal memory subtests (delayed recall minus last learning trial) when distinguishing between normal controls, individuals diagnosed with Mild Cognitive Impairment, and ...
Background: The study of neuropsychological mechanisms is crucial for the advancement of prevention and treatment of mental disorders. However, the field of global mental health (GMH) lacks neuropsychological tools with cross-cultural applicability that can be administered in low resource settings. Technological innovations have potential to address this gap.. Objective: Our goal is twofold: (a) Adapt culturally appropriate neuropsychological tools to be delivered in tablet-based formats for South Asian adolescents at risk of suicide; (b) Develop and document an innovative technologies systematic adaptation procedure that can be applied to other GMH settings.. Aims: (1) Develop culturally appropriate stimuli for neuropsychological assessment using qualitative research with adolescents in India and Nepal. (2) Develop tablet-based versions of neuropsychological tests. (3) Pilot tablet-based administration with 50 adolescents.. Significance: The availability of valid and easy to use ...
Required for administration: A stopwatch History and Use First proposed by Swiss psychologist André Rey in 1941 and further standardized by Paul-Alexandre Osterrieth in 1944, it is frequently used to further elucidate any secondary effect of brain injury in neurological patients, to test for the presence of dementia, or to study the degree of cognitive development in children.Osterreith standardized the administration procedure, obtained normative data from 230 normal children and 60 adults, and provided interpretative guidance* visuospatial abilities, memory, attention, planning, and working memory (executive functions) Compared to Other Similar Tests The RCFT relates to other memory and visual constructional tests, such as the Token Test, BVRT total correct and RAVLT Trial 5. It assesses similar abilities and functions as the Hooper Visual Organisation Test (HVOT), Line Orientation, and Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices. However, unlike the RCFT, the latter test does not require motor ...
Neuropsychological tests are standardized tasks used to measure psychological functioning that is associated with a particular brain structure. These tests often are used in diagnosing a cognitive deficiency resulting from brain injuries. Currently, there are a limited number of studies that have focused on standardization of neuropsychological tests in Latin America. Therefore, the vast majority of cognitive tests used in the evaluation of patients with brain damage have no normative parameters adjusted to the cultural characteristics of Latinos and Latinas. As a result, neuropsychological diagnoses among this population may be inadequate, and evaluation of rehabilitation program effectiveness limited. The importance of culturally appropriate indices of neurological tests cannot be overstated; of all the problems presented by individuals with brain injuries, cognitive disorders are the leading source of disability for adequate work, family, and social reintegration among this group. There is an urgent
In this study we evaluated the correlation between neuropsychological impairment (measured with the Brief Repeatable Battery Neuropsychological Tests) and (juxta)cortical lesions detected with FLAIR and the relative sensitivity of the FLAIR sequence compared to spin-echo MRI sequences in detecting ( …
Results Mean overall score difference between DCL 1-3 and DCL 4 was significant for all tests, ranging from 14.87 points (p , 0.0001) in the Stroop word reading test to 8.3 points (p , 0.0001) in the verbal fluency test. In the DCL 1-3 group, annual change was significant for Stroop word reading (-0.99 points, p = 0.014) and for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (-0.55 points, p = 0.008). In the DCL 4 group, annual change was significant for all UHDRS cognitive tests, changes ranging from - 0.56 (p = 0.0001) points in the verbal fluency test to -3.36 points (p , 0.0001) in the Stroop word reading test.. ...
Contemporary Approaches to Neuropsychological Assessment (see record 1997-08958-000) is an edited book with the primary objective to clearly reflect stable and changing trends in the field(p. 393). This goal is successfully accomplished in an organized, concise manner. The first half of the book includes a substantive chapter on basic psychometric concepts and issues in neuropsychological assessment. The second half of the book summarizes recent trends pertinent to neuropsychological assessment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) ...
Throughout my career, I have examined the utility of existing neuropsychological tests to detect, quantify, and differentially diagnose neurodegenerative diseases and other neurological conditions. However, when there were inadequate existing measures to answer clinical and research needs, I developed and published a new instrument. For example, in my early studies of post-stroke depression, there was a need for an instrument to measure various mood states in patients with aphasia and cognitive impairment. I, therefore, developed the Visual Analog Mood Scales (VAMS). In addition, based upon my training in the Process Approach to neuropsychological assessment under Dr. Edith Kaplan, I developed the Boston Qualitative Scoring System (BQSS) for the Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure (ROCF) with colleagues and trainees, thus creating a more comprehensive and sensitive method of evaluating and quantifying the rich information previously missed in previous methods of scoring the commonly used ROCF. And, ...
Methods A cross sectional study was performed on 208 workers from a paint factory who were exposed to lower mean concentrations, as per Mexican official norms, to OS mixtures, mainly of toluene and xylene. Using the cumulative index for toluene (concentration weighted in time x years working at the company), two groups were formed: one for low and one for higher high exposure. Thirteen neuropsychological tests evaluated cognitive, motor, and four evaluated affective aspects.. ...
What Is Neuropsychological Testing? Isnt neuropsychological testing a soft-science that only generates vague results?. No. During the past decade neuropsychological testing has become a very sophisticated science. Tests that are currently available are highly accurate, standardized instruments, with predictive accuracy in the 80-95% range. They are validated through clinical trials, adhering to stringent, objective measures. Neuropsychological tests provide quantifiable results that indicate the amount of deviation from base-line norms. Through a comparison of patient responses to established norms, the clinician can determine the scope and severity of cognitive impairments. Psychologists and neuropsychologists create batteries of standardized tests to answer specific referral questions. A typical battery consists of more than a dozen standardized tests and provides very specific data on a patients cognitive functioning.. What types of cases should I refer for neuropsychological testing? ...
Subtle cognitive decline (SCD) may represent a very early stage of objective cognitive impairment before mild cognitive impairment (MCI), with less neuronal damage and more functional reservation. Detecting individuals with SCD is imperative for dementia prevention and treatment. In this study, we aimed to compare the validations of three cognitive screening tests, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Chinese Version (MoCA-CV), and Memory and Executive Screening (MES), in identifying subtle cognitive decline. A total of 407 individuals were recruited, including 147 cognitively normal controls (NC), 102 individuals with subtle cognitive decline (SCD) and 158 individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) according to the operational neuropsychological criteria proposed by Jak and Bondis. All participants underwent standardized comprehensive neuropsychological tests and the three cognitive screening tests. Chi-square analysis was used to compare the cognitive performance
Psychometrics in neuropsychological assessment -- Norms selection in neuropsychological assessment -- History taking -- Test selection, test administration, and preparation of the patient -- Report writing and feedback sessions -- General cognitive functioning, neuropsychological batteries, and assessment of premorbid intelligence -- Achievement tests -- Executive functions -- Attention -- Memory -- Language tests -- Tests of visual perception -- Tests of somatosensory function, olfactory function, and body orientation -- Tests of motor function -- Assessment of mood, personality, and adaptive functions -- Assessment of response bias and suboptimal performance ...
Children, adolescents, and young adults who are having difficulties with learning and overall functioning may benefit from a neuropsychological evaluation. In addition, individuals with neurological/medical diagnoses or general developmental concerns would benefit from a neuropsychological evaluation.. For more information on the neuropsychological assessments offered at Psychology Resources, please click here.. For more information on Dr. Baruch Williams, Psychology Resources neuropsychologist, please read her biography.. ...
Background: Many genes and environmental factors linked to Alzheimers disease (AD) risk affect lipid metabolism or the cardiovascular system, strongly implicating cerebrovascular and metabolic dysfunction in AD pathogenesis. Although some PUFAs may improve cognitive function in aging individuals, it is still unclear how different PUFAs influence AD neuropathology and cognitive function.. Objective: To examine the influence of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism on AD-associated cognitive decline, we investigated the relationship between serum PUFA profile and neuropsychological test performance.. Methods: Cognitive functioning in patients with probable AD (n = 174, mean age 77.6 years) was examined using the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) and clock drawing test (CDT). Serum samples were obtained for PUFA profile, including the eicosapentaenoic acid/arachidonic acid (EPA/AA) ratio, and measurement of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration. In the follow-up study, 47 subjects ...
Topamax(R) produces adverse effects on cognitive functions at rates of over 40% in subjects with epilepsy. These effects manifest as confusion, psychomotor slowing, difficulty with concentration/attention, difficulty with memory, speech or language and word-finding difficulties. Using computerized Neuropsychological Test Battery (CNTB) modules, measuring attention/concentration, verbal and visual memory, and working memory, as well as two paper and pencil processing speed tests: Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) and verbal associative fluency test (FAS), the novel extended release Topiramate formulation (SRx-502) was shown to be associated with both significantly reduced cognitive impairment and fewer reduced adverse events ...
A Compendium Of Neuropsychological Tests Administration - A Compendium Of Curiosities Volume Iii By Tim Holtz Idea Free Ebook Pdf Downloads hosted by Bianca Thompson on A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests:
OBJECTIVE: A subgroup of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) has cognitive impairments, reflected by deviant neuropsychological test performance. However, abnormal test scores can also be caused by suboptimal effort. We hypothesized that worse neuropsychological test performance and underperformance were related to each other and to a smaller reduction in fatigue, functional impairments, physical limitations and higher dropout rates following cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for CFS. METHODS: Data were drawn from a previous trial, in which CFS patients were randomized to two conditions; 1) guided self-instruction and additional CBT (n=84) or 2) waiting period followed by regular CBT for CFS (n=85). Underperformance was assessed using the Amsterdam Short Term Memory Test (,84). To test neuropsychological test performance, the Symbol Digit Modalities Task, a simple reaction time task and a choice reaction time task were used. Interaction effects were determined between underperformance ...
The impact of heading on neuropsychological performance is a subject of controversy. In this experimental study, a controlled group design was used to investigate the possible effects of a short heading training session on neuropsychological performance. Ninety-one participants matched by age, sex, and intelligence were assigned to one of the following groups: A heading-training group, a placebo control group, and a waiting control group. All participants completed a neuropsychological test battery for attention and working memory (D2 Test, Benton Visual Retention Test, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task Test). After 1 week, they received heading training, football (e.g., soccer) training without heading, or no training. Immediately after this training, the neuropsychological tests were conducted again. There was no neuropsychological deficit which could only be attributed to the heading training. However, within the heading group, women complained more about headache than men. Verf.-Referat ...
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and previous history of concussion (PHC) are being reported more frequently in college athletes; the presence of these co-morbidities and their effects on concussion assessment has been somewhat limited. PURPOSE: Determine if a relationship exists between ADHD and PHC and the effect of these co-morbidities on neuropsychological test scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional between groups design. D-1 college athletes (N=1840, males N=1737, females N=103) with a mean age of 19.8+1.6 years completed a computerized neuropsychological test (ImPACT) to establish baseline assessment of concussion history during pre-participation physicals. Participants were divided into groups based upon self-reported diagnosis of ADHD and PHC. Self-report symptoms and ImPACT composite scores served as dependent variables. Comparisons of groups were calculated utilizing regression models and One-Way ANOVAs. All statistical analyses ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Performance on tests of frontal lobe function reflect general intellectual ability. AU - Obonsawin, M. C.. AU - Page, J.. AU - Chalmers, P.. AU - Cochrane, R.. AU - Low, G.. AU - Crawford, John Robertson. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - Recent studies have indicated that performance tin tests of frontal lobe function are highly associated with general intellectual ability (g). Some authors have even claimed that the available evidence does not support a more specific account of frontal lobe function than to provide a general intellectual function for the performance of goal directed tasks. foe examined the relationship between performance on the WAIS-R (as a measure of g) and performance on standard tests of frontal lobe function in 123 healthy individuals. Our results demonstrate that in healthy individuals (i) performance on the most popular tests of frontal lobe function shares significant variance, and (ii) a large proportion of that shared variance is highly associated with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Lafora disease. T2 - Spectroscopy study correlated with neuropsychological findings. AU - Pichiecchio, Anna. AU - Veggiotti, Pierangelo. AU - Cardinali, Simonetta. AU - Longaretti, Francesca. AU - Poloni, Guy U.. AU - Uggetti, Carla. PY - 2008/7. Y1 - 2008/7. N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the metabolic changes both in grey and white matter in Lafora disease using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and to determine the possible correlation with the pattern of cognitive impairment. Methods: Five patients with Lafora disease and six healthy controls were included in the study. Patients underwent at the same time-point neuropsychological testing and 1[H]MRS, using PRESS sequences (TE=136 and 25 ms) positioned in the frontal and posterior cingulate gyrus cortexes and in the adjacent frontal and parietal white matter. Results: Neuropsychological testing showed in all patients a prevalent involvement of performance abilities-with partial sparing of verbal competences-and of executive ...
Priming studies indicate that when a word or concept is activated in memory, and then spoken, it will activate other words or concepts which are associatively related or semantically similar to it. This evidence suggests that the order in which words are produced in the fluency task will provide an indirect measure of semantic distance between the items generated. Data from this semantic version of the task have therefore been the subject of many studies aimed at uncovering the structure of semantic memory, determining how this structure changes during normal development, or becomes disorganized through neurological disease or mental illness. These studies generally make use of multiple fluency lists in order to make estimates of the semantic distance between pairs of concepts.[19] Techniques such as multidimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering can then be used to visualize the semantic organization of the conceptual space. Such studies have generally found that semantic memory, at least ...
Seniors who consumed around 150g of cooked mushrooms weekly performed better on neuropsychological tests and had a 50% reduced risk of mild cognitive impairment compared to age-matched healthy controls.. This study was not a clinical trial so it is hard to establish causation but the researchers did see a dose-dependent effect with 75g of cooked mushrooms weekly also decreasing the risk of mild cognitive impairment.. One potential compound in mushrooms that may have brain benefits is ergothioneine. It is a unique antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound that also accumulates in mitochondria. Humans are unable to synthesize ergothioneine on their own but it is present in a variety of mushrooms.. ...
The significant degree of heterogeneity found within the OCD population has generated recent interest in identifying and establishing subtypes of the disorder. The current study sought to examine and compare the neuropsychological performance of two purported subtypes of OCD patients, those who exhibit tics and those who do not exhibit tics. A clinical sample of 20 patients with OCD, 10 patients in each group, was recruited through two outpatient treatment centers. Patients were assessed using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, and an adaptive decision making test. The effects of attention, intelligence, and depression were controlled for in analyses. Results indicate that OCD patients without tics demonstrate very specific neuropsychological deficits, whereas OCD patients with a history of tics demonstrate broader based deficits. With regard to executive functioning, the OCD group without tics demonstrated specific difficulty in shifting set, whereas the OCD group
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuropsychological profile in parents of adult phenylketonuria patients. AU - Santangelo, Gabriella. AU - Piscopo, Fausta. AU - Santangelo, Franco. AU - Trojano, Luigi. PY - 2018/1. Y1 - 2018/1. N2 - Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder caused by an inborn error of metabolism, causing cognitive and behavioral disorders when not treated. Heterozygotes (i.e., patients parents) were described with low verbal intelligence quotient, but no study systematically investigated cognitive functions in PKU parents. To obtain a neuropsychological profile in heterozygotes, we compared cognitive performance of heterozygotes and healthy controls (HC) on cognitive battery. Twelve heterozygotes and 14 HCs underwent standardized neuropsychological tasks assessing frontal/executive functions, memory, and visuospatial abilities. No significant difference between heterozygotes and HC was found on demographic aspects. Heterozygotes performed worse than HC on immediate verbal recall, on test assessing ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuropsychological predictors of driving errors in older adults. AU - Dawson, Jeffrey D.. AU - Uc, Ergun Y.. AU - Anderson, Steven W.. AU - Johnson, Amy M.. AU - Rizzo, Matthew. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - Objectives: To identify neuropsychological factors associated with driving errors in older adults. Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting: Neuropsychological assessment laboratory and an instrumented vehicle on a 35-mile route on urban and rural roads. Participants: One hundred eleven older adult drivers (aged 65-89; mean age 72.3) and 80 middle-aged drivers (aged 40-64; mean age 57.2). Measurements: Explanatory variables included age, neuropsychological measures (cognitive, visual, and motor), and a composite cognitive score (COGSTAT). The outcome variable was the safety error count, as classified according to video review using a standardized taxonomy. Results: Older drivers committed an average of 35.8 ± 12.8 safety errors per drive, compared with an ...
Different clinical criteria for diagnosing dementia were compared in a sample of 69 patients with motor neurone disease (MND). Participants performances on a computerised battery of neuropsychological tests were evaluated to assess the usefulness of these tests in predicting dementia in MND. The results indicated that when diagnostic criteria for frontotemporal (FTD) were used as part of a questionnaire method of diagnosing dementia the incidence of dementia in MND was considerably greater than traditional estimates suggest. Through a series of logistic and multiple regressions the results demonstrated that neuropsychological test performance related well to diagnostic classifications of dementia. MND patients with a clinical diagnosis of dementia were likely to demonstrate impaired new learning; poor working memory and planning; slowness in information processing and rigidity in thinking. These features, which are typical of cases of FTD, suggest that the dementia of MND is usefully ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular markers of neuropsychological functioning and Alzheimers disease. AU - Edwards, Melissa. AU - Balldin, Valerie Hobson. AU - Hall, James. AU - OBryant, Sidney. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Background: The current project sought to examine molecular markers of neuropsychological functioning among elders with and without Alzheimers disease (AD) and determine the predictive ability of combined molecular markers and select neuropsychological tests in detecting disease presence. Methods: Data were analyzed from 300 participants (n=150, AD and n=150, controls) enrolled in the Texas Alzheimers Research and Care Consortium. Linear regression models were created to examine the link between the top five molecular markers from our AD blood profile and neuropsychological test scores. Logistical regressions were used to predict AD presence using serum biomarkers in combination with select neuropsychological measures. Results: Using the neuropsychological test with the least ...
TY - CONF. T1 - Attention! Keep away from pain - neuropsychological changes in a case of pathological pain. AU - Halicka, Monika. PY - 2017/6/23. Y1 - 2017/6/23. N2 - People with unilateral pathological pain can show inattention to the affected side of the body and space, reminiscent of hemispatial neglect following brain injury. However, in pathological pain this distortion is usually subtle and it is unclear which aspects of spatial processing are affected. I will present a case-study of one 65-year old, right-handed woman who presented to our lab with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) affecting her left arm and pronounced inattention. We assessed clinical symptoms, body representation and attention to body-, reaching-, far- and imagined space. The patients data were compared to cut-off scores for standard neuropsychological tests, and to data from 12 matched controls for experimental measures. We found that the patient had a distorted cognitive representation of her affected limb. ...
Results are presented as standard scores for the Indexes and as percentile categories of low, medium, and high risk of cognitive impairment for the Process Scores.. Useful Clinical Studies. KBNA is correlated with the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence™ (WASI™), providing valuable clinical information about the effect of general cognitive ability on KBNA subtests. KBNA is also correlated with a variety of commonly used neuropsychological tests, including the California Verbal Learning Test® (CVLT®), the California Verbal Learning Test®-Second Edition (CVLT®-II), and the Boston Naming Test.. Flexible Information. KBNA allows examiners to choose among a general overview of cognition by calculating Index Scores only, a detailed analysis of neurocognitive functioning by also calculating Process Scores, or a combination of both. The Process Scores help you break down an examinees performance into component processes, making it easier to identify strengths and weaknesses, reach a ...
The main objective of the study is to investigate the determinants of the quality of life in children and adults with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and more particularly the specific impact of neuropsychological deficits. In fact, cognitive impairment is currently considered as one of the most pervasive features of this genetic disorder but its relationship with the worsening of quality of life found in this population has not been directly investigated to date.. Secondary objectives of this study are (i) to compare neuropsychological and quality of life measures between patients and healthy controls matched by age, gender and education level, (ii) to contrast neuropsychological deficits incidence between patients and controls, and (iii) to differentiate NF1 childrens self versus hetero-assessment of quality of life.. The main hypothesis of this study is that the neuropsychological impairment classically identified in this clinical population will be associated to the quality of lifes ...
The main objective of the study is to investigate the determinants of the quality of life in children and adults with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and more particularly the specific impact of neuropsychological deficits. In fact, cognitive impairment is currently considered as one of the most pervasive features of this genetic disorder but its relationship with the worsening of quality of life found in this population has not been directly investigated to date.. Secondary objectives of this study are (i) to compare neuropsychological and quality of life measures between patients and healthy controls matched by age, gender and education level, (ii) to contrast neuropsychological deficits incidence between patients and controls, and (iii) to differentiate NF1 childrens self versus hetero-assessment of quality of life.. The main hypothesis of this study is that the neuropsychological impairment classically identified in this clinical population will be associated to the quality of lifes ...
article{96817e16-6337-4988-bfd0-9edbe7539476, abstract = {To address the hypothesis of brain dysfunction as a component of the multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) syndrome, a neuropsychological battery comprising 8 tests was given to 17 Swedish MCS patients and 34 demographically matched controls. Across the 6 tests used as indicators of brain impairment, comprising a total of 17 test variables, the MCS group performed poorer only in a complex reaction time test (mean reaction time; p = 0.002; t test). Correction for self-ratings of mental distress and trait psychasthenia did not eliminate the deviation in the reaction time test. Because the results on most tests were within normal limits, brain impairment was not evidenced. However, the similar minor deviations in neurobehavioral tests observed in several studies of MCS patients indicate the need for a study on a larger sample of MCS cases.}, author = {Österberg, Kai and Örbaek, Palle and Karlson, Björn}, issn = {0908-4282}, language = ...
Repeated measurements of episodic memory are needed for monitoring amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and mild Alzheimers disease (AD). Most episodic memory tests may pose a challenge to patients, even when they are in the milder stages of the disease. This cross-sectional study compared floor effects of the Visual Association Test (VAT) and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) in healthy elderly controls and in patients with aMCI or AD (N = 125). A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine whether linear or quadratic trends best fitted the data of cognitive test performance across global cognitive impairment. Results showed that VAT total scores decreased linearly across the range of global cognitive impairment, whereas RAVLT total scores showed a quadratic trend, with total scores levelling off for 90% of aMCI patients and 94% of AD patients. We conclude that the VAT shows few if any floor effects in patients with aMCI and mild AD and is therefore a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cognitive impairments in multiple system atrophy. T2 - MSA-C vs MSA-P. AU - Kawai, Y.. AU - Suenaga, M.. AU - Takeda, A.. AU - Ito, M.. AU - Watanabe, H.. AU - Tanaka, F.. AU - Kato, K.. AU - Fukatsu, H.. AU - Naganawa, S.. AU - Kato, T.. AU - Ito, K.. AU - Sobue, G.. PY - 2008/4. Y1 - 2008/4. N2 - OBJECTIVE: We evaluated comprehensive neuropsychological tests and regional brain blood flow to compare cognitive dysfunction between two types of multiple system atrophy: predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C) and predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with MSA-C, 14 patients with MSA-P, and 21 age- and education-matched control subjects were subjected to neuropsychological tests and SPECT. The neuropsychological tests examined general cognition, verbal and visual memory, working memory, visuospatial and constructional ability, language, executive function, depression, and anxiety, while SPECT analysis examined brain perfusion. RESULTS: Patients with MSA-P ...
Participant evaluations included demographic information, medical history, neurologic examination including the United Parkinsons Disease Rating Scale to examine for extrapyramidal signs, medication/adherence history, DSM-IV-based substance abuse/dependence inventory, immunologic and virologic laboratory tests, and neuropsychiatric testing; as previously reported.27 The 80-minute neuropsychiatric test battery, adapted from the NorthEast AIDS Dementia Cohort, assessed multiple cognitive domains affected by HIV-1 and included the following: choice and sequential reaction time from the California Computerized Assessment Package, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Rey Osterreith Complex Figure (RCF) Copy and Recall, Trail Making tests A and B, WAIS-R Digit Symbol, Grooved Pegboard (dominant and nondominant hands), Verbal fluency test, Animal Naming, Boston Naming Test, the WAIS-R Digit Span (forward and backward), and Timed Gait. Depression symptomatology was assessed using the Beck ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clock drawing test ratings by dementia specialists. T2 - interrater reliability and diagnostic accuracy. AU - Nair, Anil K. AU - Gavett, Brandon E. AU - Damman, Moniek. AU - Dekker, Welmoed. AU - Green, Robert C. AU - Mandel, Alan. AU - Auerbach, Sanford. AU - Steinberg, Eric. AU - Hubbard, Emily J. AU - Jefferson, Angela. AU - Stern, Robert A. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - The authors conducted a study of clock drawing test scoring by dementia specialists to determine interrater reliability and diagnostic accuracy. The authors randomly assigned 25 clocks from each of six predetermined groups based on consensus diagnosis (cognitive comparison subjects, subjects with a memory complaint but with normal neuropsychological testing, subjects with probable and possible mild cognitive impairment, and subjects with possible and probable Alzheimers disease) to dementia specialists for blinded scoring using a binary yes/no impairment system and a 0-10 scale as subjectively determined by each ...
Objective: To examine the influence of different performance validity test (PVT) cutoffs on neuropsychological performance, post-concussion symptoms, and rates of neurocognitive disorder and postconcussional syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in active duty service members. Method: Participants were 164 service members (Age: M = 28.1 years [SD = 7.3]) evaluated on average 4.1 months (SD = 5.0) following injury. Participants were divided into three mutually exclusive groups using original and alternative cutoff scores on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Effort Index (EI) from the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS): (a) PVT-Pass, n = 85; (b) Alternative PVT-Fail, n = 53; and (c) Original PVT-Fail, n = 26 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuropsychological functioning in stimulant-naive boys with hyperkinetic disorder. AU - Rhodes, Sinéad M.. AU - Coghill, David, R. AU - Matthews, Keith. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - Although children with hyperkinetic disorder and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show disordered executive neuropsychological functioning, the nature of these changes remains controversial. Additionally, impairments in non-executive neuropsychological functioning have been relatively unexplored. Here, the authors describe the neuropsychological functioning of a sample of stimulant drug-naive boys with hyperkinetic disorder on a battery of neuropsychological tasks sensitive to impairments of both executive and non-executive functions. Method. Seventy-five stimulant drug-naive boys meeting diagnostic criteria for ICD-10 hyperkinetic disorder were compared with 70 healthy developing controls matched for age but not IQ on computerized tests of neuropsychological functioning from the ...
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1991 Gulf War (GW) veterans continue to experience debilitating cognitive and mood problems more than two decades following their return from deployment. Suspected causes for these cognitive complaints include additive and/or synergistic effects of the varying combinations of exposures to chemicals in theater, including pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide (PB) pills. This study was undertaken to address one of the key recommendations of the US Department of Defense Environmental Exposure Report on Pesticides, which was to conduct an epidemiological study to further evaluate the role of neurotoxicant exposures in the expression of central nervous system symptoms reported by GW veterans. This study evaluated the role of pesticides and/or PB in the development of chronic neuropsychological dysfunction in GW veterans. We examined the associations between self-reported measures of pesticide and PB exposures and performance on neuropsychological tests in a group of 159 GW-deployed preventative ...
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a genetic disorder associated with a microdeletion of chromosome 22q11. In addition to high rates of neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, children with 22q11DS have a specific neuropsychological profile with particular deficits in visuospatial and working memory. However, the neurobiological substrate underlying these deficits is poorly understood. We investigated brain function during a visuospatial working memory (SWM) task in eight children with 22q11DS and 13 healthy controls, using fMRI. Both groups showed task-related activation in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and bilateral parietal association cortices. Controls activated parietal and occipital regions significantly more than those with 22q11DS but there was no significant between-group difference in DLPFC. In addition, while controls had a significant age-related increase in the activation of posterior brain regions and an ...
Verbal fluency tests (VFTs) are widely used frontal lobe neuropsychological tests. They have been frequently used in various functional brain mapping studies. There are two versions of VFTs based on the type of cue: the letter fluency task (LFT) and the category fluency task (CFT). However, the fundamental aspects of brain connectivity across the frontotemporal regions during the VFTs have not been elucidated. In this study, we hypothesized that differences in cortical functional connectivity over the left and right frontotemporal regions may be observed by means of multichannel functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) during the performance of LFT and CFT. Our results from fNIRS (ETG-4000) showed different patterns of brain functional connectivity during the two types of VFTs, which was consistent with the different cognitive requirements of each task. We demonstrate increased brain functional connectivity over the frontal and temporal regions during the LFT than during the CFT; these results are
In this book (see record 1995-97202-000), Derix contrasts various subcortical dementia syndromes with cortical dementias, primarily Alzheimers disease. She provides an extensive literature review of diseases affecting the subcortical structures of the brain; describes the clinical manifestations, pathology, and pathophysiology of these illnesses; and examines the results of studies concerning performance on neuropsychological tasks. In addition, she explores the reported cognitive deterioration in subcortical and cortical dementia in terms of a cognitive, neuropsychological model of information processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) ...
Disruptions in hot cognition, i.e., the processing of emotionally salient information, are prevalent in most neuropsychiatric disorders and constitute a potential treatment target. EMOTICOM is the first comprehensive neuropsychological test battery developed specifically to assess hot cognition. The aim of the study was to validate and establish a Danish language version and reference data for the EMOTICOM test battery. To evaluate the psychometric properties of 11 EMOTICOM tasks, we collected data from 100 healthy Danish participants (50 males, 50 females) including retest data from 49 participants. We assessed test-retest reliability, floor and ceiling effects, task-intercorrelations, and correlations between task performance and relevant demographic and descriptive factors. We found that test-retest reliability varied from poor to excellent while some tasks exhibited floor or ceiling effects. Intercorrelations among EMOTICOM task outcomes were low, indicating that the tasks capture different ...
Neuropsychological profile in a specific cohort of HIV patients infected postnatally: a cross-sectional study Silvia Riva,1,2 Ilaria Cutica,1 Gabriella Pravettoni1,3 1Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, 2Department of Neuroscience, IRCCS, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri", 3European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy Abstract: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDs) are one of the most important complications of HIV infection reported in the current literature. Although HANDs have been closely studied in vertically infected HIV populations or in specific subgroups such as drug abusers or homosexuals, they have been completely understudied in hemophilia patients with HIV, infected through transfusions postnatally. For this reason, it seemed interesting to evaluate the presence of HAND in this specific population. The aim of this work is to present a study protocol aimed at assessing the neuropsychological profile of HIV+ hemophilia patients compared
Objective: Mini-mental state examination, a nonspecific measure of global cognitive function, and the clock drawing test, a very concise and specific measure of cognitive function, are among the most widely used screening tests for cognitive dysfunction. The present research aimed to examine the correspondence between MMSE and CDT scores. Methods: A total of ...
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this article was to determine if cognitive abilities decline, remain unchanged, or modestly improve throughout the course of schizophrenic illness. METHOD Forty-two patients with a first hospitalization for schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorder and 16 normal comparison subjects had a battery of neuropsychological tests and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan at approximate yearly intervals for the first 2 to 5 years of illness. Summary rating scales for language, executive, memory, processing speed, and sensory-perceptual functions were constructed. RESULTS Patients with schizophrenia scored 1 to 2 standard deviations below normal comparison subjects on neuropsychological test measures during the course of the study. Patients exhibited less improvement than comparison subjects on measures of verbal memory. In general, improvement in positive symptoms over the time interval was associated with improvement in cognition. No changes in regional brain
ARE YOU CONSIDERING PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL OR NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING FOR YOUR CHILD?. Focus Childrens Therapy Center offers a wide range of testing services at our center, in school and in a childs home. We specialize in providing school based evaluations including speech and language as well as occupational therapy evaluations. Additionally we also specialize in Psychoeducational and Neuropsychological testing for all students.. Recently there has been a high demand from schools and families requesting further information on neuropsychological testing. Our highly skilled team of therapists specializing in neuropsychology are here to support you. We have put together an informational overview below to enable you to best support and communicate to families and children under your care. I hope you find this tool useful.. Neuropsychological Evaluation. A Neuropsychological evaluation is a comprehensive assessment of cognitive and behavioral functions using a set of standardized tests and ...
In the current investigation, a prototype for the remote assessment of cognitive skills, the remote neuropsychological assessment (RNA) model, was proposed, and the development and validation of a computerized, Internet-based neuropsychological assessment measure was undertaken to demonstrate the utility and effectiveness of this untapped model of assessment delivery. The Remote Neuropsychological Assessment-Category Test (RNA-CT), a test of abstract concept formation administered via the World Wide Web (WWW), was developed and contrasted with a conventional, non-computerized version of the measure---the Booklet Category Test (BCT). Traditional and novel measurement variables from both measures were compared in a randomized group design of normal college-educated subjects in an attempt to demonstrate equivalence between the conventional assessment and RNA model. Comparison of the equivalence between administration types suggests significant convergence for total error, subtest error variables, and
Schizophrenia is characterized by neuropsychological deficits across many cognitive domains. Cognitive phenotypes with high heritability and genetic overlap with schizophrenia liability can help elucidate the mechanisms leading from genes to psychopathology. We performed a meta-analysis of 170 published twin and family heritability studies of ,800 000 nonpsychiatric and schizophrenia subjects to accurately estimate heritability across many neuropsychological tests and cognitive domains. The proportion of total variance of each phenotype due to additive genetic effects (A), shared environment (C), and unshared environment and error (E), was calculated by averaging A, C, and E estimates across studies and weighting by sample size. Heritability ranged across phenotypes, likely due to differences in genetic and environmental effects, with the highest heritability for General Cognitive Ability (32%- 67%), Verbal Ability (43%-72%), Visuospatial Ability (20%-80%), and Attention/Processing Speed ...
Neuropsychological testing evaluates cognitive function, including general intelligence, attention, memory span, judgment, and motor, sensory and speech ability. Tests can also be used to assess emotional stability, quality of language production, distractibility and other qualities. These tests can document impairments that can be used to diagnose specific neurological illness or damage. For example, a selective impairment in speech production with relative sparing of performance on other tests can suggest that brain injury is localized to one of several brain areas critical for speech production. Neuropsychological tests can also be used to diagnose dementia and certain kinds of psychological conditions Two of the many neuropsychological tests which are used to test memory abilities are the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) and the Sternberg Memory Scan ...
While there are many neurocognitive tests on the market today (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT®), Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM), or Headminder Concussion Resolution Index (CRI) for example), there is no Gold Standard neurocognitive test to date. Having said that, the ImPACT® test was the first computerized neurocognitive test to receive FDA Approval2 and is currently the most widely used and valid neurocognitive test. During the ImPACT® test, the athlete takes the test before participation in sports. If they sustain a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, then this test can be used to establish when the brain is ready for RTP. But wait; unfortunately, its not that easy. Neurocognitive tests, such as ImPACT®, are not as valid or specific for those with learning disabilities and attention deficit-spectrum disorders.3,4 Of the 6 composite scores of the ImPACT® test, those with learning disabilities and/or attention ...
Antipsychotics have at best small positive effects on cognitive performance. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the effects of antidepressants on cognitive functioning in these disorders. In the present study cognitive performance was investigated in relation to serum levels of antidepressants in persons with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Serum concentrations of escitalopram, citalopram and venlafaxine plus O-desmethylvenlafaxine were measured in a total of 187 participants with bipolar disorder (N = 74) or schizophrenia spectrum disorders (N = 113), and analyzed in relation to neuropsychological tests performance of verbal learning, verbal memory, attention, working memory, executive functioning and processing speed. Analyses were performed using linear regression adjusting for a range of confounders.. There was a significant positive association between the serum level of venlafaxine plus O-desmethylvenlafaxine and verbal memory (immediate recall: Logical Memory Test immediate recall ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuropsychological tests norms above age 55. T2 - COWAT, BNT, MAE Token, WRAT-R Reading, AMNART, STROOP, TMT, and JLO. AU - Ivnik, Robert J.. AU - Malec, James F.. AU - Smith, Glenn E.. AU - Tangalos, Eric G.. AU - Petersen, Ronald C.. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - Age- (,55 years) and education-based norms are presented for eight neuropsychological tests: COWAT, BNT, MAE Token, WRAT-R Reading, AMNART, STROOP, TMT, and JLO. These data were obtained via several research projects that are known collectively as Mayos Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS). While this normative information should prove useful for each test, the fact that these norms were simultaneously obtained from the same reference group should promote accuracy in the comparison of any persons performance on one test against his or her functioning on any other tests with MOANS norms. Finally, the unique features of this MOANS sample are reviewed. These features must be kept in mind when these norms are ...
The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and stability over time of a cognitive rehabilitation protocol (restorative and compensatory approach) in HIV/AIDS patients with HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND). At baseline, 32 HIV/AIDS patients (16 with and 16 without HAND) were assessed with a neuropsychological battery (i.e., pre-assessment) consisting of 22 tests covering eight cognitive domains. Then, the experimental group was administered over 4 months a cognitive rehabilitation protocol aimed at improving four cognitive domains by means of eight paper and pencil/computer-based exercises. The control group received guideline-adherent clinical care (i.e., standard of care). At the end of the cognitive treatment, both groups were re-administered the neuropsychological battery (i.e., post-assessment). Additionally, 6 months after post-assessment, the experimental group was given the same neuropsychological battery (i.e., follow up-assessment). In order to test the
OBJECTIVE: To compare and validate neurocognitive tests in the Harmonized Cognitive Assessment Protocol (HCAP) for the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), and to identify appropriate tests to be administered in future waves of CHARLS.. METHODS: We recruited 825 individuals from the CHARLS sample and 766 subjects from hospitals in six provinces and cities in China. All participants were administered the HCAP-neurocognitive tests, and their informants were interviewed regarding the respondents functional status. Trained clinicians administered the Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) to assess the respondents cognitive status independently.. RESULTS: The testing protocol took an average of 58 minutes to complete. Refusal rates for tests of general cognition, episodic memory, and language were less than 10%. All neurocognitive test scores significantly correlated with the CDR global score (correlation coefficients ranged from 0.139 to 0.641). The Mini-Mental State Examination ...
The largest, but most mysterious, sub-region of prefrontal cortex is the rostral PFC (RPFC). As a proportion of whole-brain volume, some have estimated the human RPFC to be twice as large as the corresponding region in the chimpanzee brain. Yet curiously, patients with damage restricted to the RPFC often perform well on standard neuropsychological tests, including classical tests of executive function such as the Wisconsin card sorting test. Instead, patients with damage to this region seem to have particular difficulty in real-world multitasking situations, such as organising a shopping trip when there are few strict constraints - participants are relatively free to organise their behaviour however they like - but there are also multiple instructions to be remembered, rules to be followed, and potential distractions in the environment. Recent accounts have focused on the role of RPFC in the most high-level human abilities, such as combining two distinct cognitive operations in order to ...
"Neuropsychological Tests". WebMD. Retrieved 2017-04-03. Flynn, Erin. "What is the NFL's concussion protocol?". SI.com. ... In addition, all athletes must have baseline cognitive testing while the post-injury cognitive testing is strongly recommended ... This hypothesis was tested on adult mice; the researchers state that their brains possess similar attributes to that of human ... The results of this test are used as a baseline if a player suffers a head injury at any point throughout the season. The ...
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Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M.; Spreen, Otfried (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms ... The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination or BDAE is a neuropsychological battery used to evaluate adults suspected of having ... The test is divided into five subtests and include assessment of conversation and expository speech (simple social responses, ... Since test-retest reliability is difficult if not impossible to attain with patients suffering from aphasic symptoms, the ...
Gasquoine, Philip G. (19 March 2009). "Race-Norming of Neuropsychological Tests". Neuropsychology Review. 19 (2): 250-262. doi: ... as well as in neuropsychological tests. The argument was that it guarantees racial balance and this was confirmed by a National ... is the practice of adjusting test scores to account for the race or ethnicity of the test-taker. In the United States, it was ... "Test Cases: How 'Race-Norming' Works". Newsweek. 2 June 1991. Definition at Oxford Living Dictionary v t e. ...
Rehabilitation psychologists and neuropsychologists use the WAIS-IV and other neuropsychological tests to assess how the brain ... "LIST OF TESTS Available from the CPS Testing Library. Center for Psychological Studies at Nova Southeastern University. ... Because the Wechsler tests included non-verbal items (known as performance scales) as well as verbal items for all test-takers ... Others employ the WAIS-R NI (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised as a Neuropsychological Instrument), another measure ...
Rey is known in American neuropsychological literature for his "tests of malingering". Rey's tests of malingering include the ... Both tests are widely used in neuropsychological assessment. Rey was considered to be a pioneer in clinical psychology, child ... Rey 15-Item Memory Test (RMT), the Rey Word Recognitions Test (WRT), and the Rey Dot Counting Test (DCT). Translations of ... PhD, Richard I. Frederick (2003-01-15). "A Review of Rey's Strategies for Detecting Malingered Neuropsychological Impairment". ...
... it has become a popular neuropsychological test. There are different test variants commonly used in clinical settings, with ... Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M.S.; Spreen, Otfried (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, ... The effect has been used to create a psychological test (the Stroop test) that is widely used in clinical practice and ... While in some test variants the score is the number of items from a subtask read in a given time, in others it is the time that ...
The Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) is a neuropsychological test designed to measure different memory functions in a person. Anyone ... A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19 ... Lezak, Muriel D.; Howieson, Diane B.; Bigler, Erin D.; Tranel, Daniel (2012). Neuropsychological Assessment (Fifth ed.). Oxford ... Lay summary - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (17 June 2014). Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M.; ...
Beyond this basic battery, choices of neuropsychological tests to be administered are mainly made on the basis of which ... Assessment is primarily by way of neuropsychological tests, but also includes patient history, qualitative observation and may ... Neuropsychology Review Psychological Assessment Abnormal psychology Neurolaw Neuropsychological test Neuropsychological ... A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19 ...
Neuropsychological testing showed that FE had extensive cranial damage in his right hemisphere. He had poor visual memory and ... Neuropsychological testing showed TH had an impaired right hemisphere. He displayed poor visual memory and visuoconstructional ... Furthermore, a standard neurological or neuropsychological workup tends to overlook the existence of this delusion because ... In monothematic delusions, some neuropsychological abnormality typically causes the delusion. In mirrored-self ...
Aging movement control Life extension List of life extension related topics Neuropsychological test Reliability theory of aging ... Benton, A.L.; Eslinger, P.; Damasio, A. (1981). "Normative observations on neuropsychological test performances in old age". ... hence tests of orientation are included in almost all medical and neuropsychological evaluations. While research has primarily ... They focused on the activation of the protein complex NF-κB in mice test subjects, which showed increased activation as mice ...
The Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) is a neuropsychological test used to measure a variety of verbal and ... A vast majority of these tests are modified, pre-existing measures (e.g., the Trail Making Test); however, some of these ... A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19 ... the Trail Making test and the Verbal Fluency test. Using the ACS software, examiners can compare performance on these two ...
A continuous performance task, continuous performance test, or CPT, is any of several kinds of neuropsychological test that ... Although the tests may vary in terms of length and type of stimulus used, the basic nature of the tests remains the same. ... These attention tests are often used as part of a battery of tests to understand a person's 'executive functioning' or their ... Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M.; Spreen, Otfried (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms ...
Gauthier, I.; Behrmann, M.; Tarr, M. J. (2004). "Are Greebles like faces? Using the neuropsychological exception to test the ... Diel, A.; MacDorman, K. F. (2021). "Creepy cats and strange high houses: Support for configural processing in testing ...
Objective cognitive decline below the 16th percentile on neuropsychological tests. Exclusion of dementia. TD was assessed ... The test can be used to measure both short-term and long-term spatial memory, depending on the length of time between test and ... The visual pattern span is similar to the Corsi block tapping test but regarded as a more pure test of visual short-term recall ... The Corsi block-tapping test, also known as the Corsi span rest, is a psychological test commonly used to determine the visual- ...
and other major psychological test publishers. Clinical neuropsychology Neuropsychological tests Clinical Psychology Executive ... Thomas K. Pedigo and Kenneth L. Pedigo, is a suite of computer administered neuropsychological tests of attention and executive ... Clinical testing of the PADDS Target Tests of Executive Functioning was conducted on one of the largest samples of age specific ... Pedigo, T. K.; Pedigo, K. L.; Scott, V. B. (2008). PADDS ADHD Screener Clinical Manual (PDF). Targeted Testing, Inc. pp. 38-40 ...
At the suggestion of his mentor, Ward Halstead, Reitan would interpret neuropsychological test results while blind to any ... Reitan, R. M., & Wolfson, D. (1988a). The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery and REHABIT: A model for integrating ... Meier, M. J. (1985) Reviewof Halstead-Reitan neuropsychological test battery. In J.V. Mitchell (Ed.), The ninth mental ... Reitan, R. M., & Wolfson, D. (2009). The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery for adults-theoretical, ...
"Anatomical Characteristics of Cingulate Cortex and Neuropsychological Memory Tests Performance". Procedia - Social and ... No difference in IQ tests and basic visuoperceptual ability with facial stimuli was found between people with schizophrenia and ...
Neuropsychological testing is important for determining the extent of cognitive deficits. Neuropsychological rehabilitation may ... Neuropsychological outcomes are highly correlated with linear measures of sub-cortical atrophy. Cognitive impairment is the ...
Children with DiGeorge syndrome have a specific profile in neuropsychological tests. They usually have a below-borderline ... These factors, along with the lower expense and easier testing mean that this MLPA probe could replace FISH in clinical testing ... Genetic testing using BACs-on-Beads has been successful in detecting deletions consistent with 22q11.2DS during prenatal ... Diagnosis is suspected based on the symptoms and confirmed by genetic testing. Although there is no cure, treatment can improve ...
... "block design test" and the "digit-symbol test". In 2009 an expert panel concluded that neuropsychological test batteries aimed ... The diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy requires neuropsychological testing by definition. Older tests include the " ... Both the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) and PSE-Syndrom-Test may be used for this ... but may be demonstrated on neuropsychological testing. It is experienced as forgetfulness, mild confusion, and irritability. ...
Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M.; Spreen, Otfried (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms ... However, scholars of educational testing point out that a test-taker's scores on any two tests may vary, so a lower score on an ... IQ tests have poor reliability for determining test-takers' rank order at higher IQ levels, and are perhaps only effective at ... Older versions of the Stanford-Binet test, now obsolete, and the Cattell IQ test purport to yield IQ scores of 180 or higher, ...
Rapid sideline testing using short neuropsychological tests that assess attention and memory function have been proven useful ... Waukesha, WI 2000.[page needed] Randolph, C. (2011). Baseline neuropsychological testing in managing sport-related concussion: ... any possible concussions and ensures that the medical staff on each sideline are following proper league protocol and testing ...
He later expanded forced-choice testing to assess malingering on neuropsychological assessment. In the Journal of the American ... Pankratz described forced-choice testing[vague] as a strategy for the assessment of malingering related to any sensory deficit ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Pankratz, Loren (Fall 2010). "Persistent problems with the "separation test" in ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Pankratz, Loren (1979). "Symptom validity testing and symptom retraining: Procedures ...
Elevated uranium urine concentrations, perturbations in biochemical and neuropsychological testing No studies ... Epidemiological studies and toxicological tests on laboratory animals point to it as being immunotoxic,[96] teratogenic,[97][98 ... After testing various metals, ordnance researchers settled on depleted uranium. The US and NATO militaries used DU penetrator ... Confusingly, Moszynski 2003 reports that "testing is now available to all troops that served in Iraq", and does not say if this ...
... utility of neuropsychological tests". Neuropsychology. 6 (1): 13-21. doi:10.1037/0894-4105.6.1.13. ISSN 1931-1559.CS1 maint: ... Differences in the severity of impairment and quality of patients' responses can be observed, and a test of antisaccadic ... Clinically, people with pseudodementia differ from those with true dementia when their memory is tested. They will often answer ... A significant overlap in cognitive and neuropsychological dysfunction in Dementia and pseudodementia patients increases the ...
this involves psychopathological, neuropsychological, and psychophysiological tests and MRI, SPECT, and PET scans. CNSR was the ...
"Meta-analysis of intellectual and neuropsychological test performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder". ... Certain studies have found that people with ADHD tend to have lower scores on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests. The ... Bálint S, Czobor P, Mészáros A, Simon V, Bitter I (2008). "[Neuropsychological impairments in adult attention deficit ... Lambek R, Tannock R, Dalsgaard S, Trillingsgaard A, Damm D, Thomsen PH (August 2010). "Validating neuropsychological subtypes ...
... an adolescent with ADHD presented with highly abnormal QEEG readings and attentional scores on neuropsychological tests. After ... Prior to training with the HEG device, patients are given a standardized pre test, most often the Test of Variables of ... reports were supported by decreased EEG variability and improvements on measures of neurobiological and neuropsychological ...
LaBerge, D.; Carlson, R.L.; Williams, J.K. & Bunney, B.G. (1997). "Shifting attention in visual space: Tests of moving- ... Dehaene, S. & Cohen, L. (1994). "Dissociable mechanisms of subitizing and counting: neuropsychological evidence from ... These neuropsychological results are consistent with the view that the process of counting, but not that of subitizing, ...
Laboratory testing[edit]. Tests for antibodies in the blood by ELISA and Western blot is the most widely used method for Lyme ... Westervelt HJ, McCaffrey RJ (September 2002). "Neuropsychological functioning in chronic Lyme disease". Neuropsychology Review ... As all people with later-stage infection will have a positive antibody test, simple blood tests can exclude Lyme disease as a ... The CDC does not recommend urine antigen tests, PCR tests on urine, immunofluorescent staining for cell-wall-deficient forms of ...
The left-brain interpreter is a neuropsychological concept developed by the psychologist Michael S. Gazzaniga and the ... tests.[4][10] ...
2004). "Neuropsychological Assessment in Schools". Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. 2. Amsterdam: Elsevier. pp. 657-664. ... Participants with lower working memory capacity perform worse on comprehension-based tests.[35][48] When investigating how mind ...
Diagnosis of OSA is often based on a combination of patient history and tests (lab- or home-based). These tests range, in ... "Childhood obstructive sleep apnea associates with neuropsychological deficits and neuronal brain injury". PLoS Med. 3 (8): ... A simple test for this condition can be made by placing a tiny mirror on the nose, and asking the subject to say "P". This p ... Should all children with Down syndrome be tested?". Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 132 (4): 432-6. doi:10.1001/archotol. ...
Benton Visual Retention Test. *Continuous Performance Task. *Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. *Hayling and Brixton ...
... function tests 1-84...1-85: exploratory diagnostic measures 1-90...1-99: Other diagnostic measures 3: Radiology 3-03...3-05: ... neuropsychological and psychotherapeutic treatment 9-50...9-50: Preventive measures 9-60...9-64: treatment of mental and ...
Although frontal lobe epilepsy is often misdiagnosed, tests such as prolonged EEG monitoring and/or a MRI scan of the frontal ... Helmstaedter C, Kemper B, Elger CE (May 1996). "Neuropsychological aspects of frontal lobe epilepsy". Neuropsychologia. 34 (5 ...
Neuropsychological tests[edit]. Main article: Neuropsychological test. These tests consist of specifically designed tasks used ... IQ (or cognitive) tests and achievement tests are common norm-referenced tests. In these types of tests, a series of tasks is ... IQ/achievement tests[edit]. IQ tests purport to be measures of intelligence, while achievement tests are measures of the use ... Sexological tests[edit]. Main article: Sexological testing. The number of tests specifically meant for the field of sexology is ...
A Cultural-Historical Neuropsychological Perspective. Springer. ISBN 978-9811068867.. *. Coren, Stanley; Lawrence M. Ward; ... Stanovich, Keith (2009). What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought. New Haven (CT): Yale University ... The serial position experiment is meant to test a theory of memory that states that when information is given in a serial ... More dynamic models of semantic networks have been created and tested with neural network experiments based on computational ...
Neuropsychological perspectiveEdit. AffectiveEdit. As people age, their affect - the way they react to emotions - changes, ... Shcerbatykh conducted a test with an experimental group of 28 students (of both sexes) and a control group of 102 students ( ... but is also utilized as a measurement to test the effectiveness of different therapeutic techniques (including mindfulness ...
This test is a reliable measure of two separate components evaluating both motor impairment and disability.[25] The disability ... "Ipsilateral pushing in stroke: incidence, relation to neuropsychological symptoms, and impact on rehabilitation. The ... This test is a reliable and valid measure in measuring post-stroke impairments related to stroke recovery. A lower score in ... Each task in this inventory has a maximum score of seven except for the 2 minute walk test which is out of two. The impairment ...
See: Ethnic Differences in Children's Intelligence Test Scores: Role of Economic Deprivation, Home Environment, and Maternal ... Warner MH, Ernst J, Townes BD, Peel J, Preston M (1987). "Relationships between IQ and neuropsychological measures in ... 1968). Testing the army's intelligence: Psychologists and the military in World War I. The Journal of American History, 55 (3 ... 1968). Testing the army's intelligence: Psychologists and the military in World War I. The Journal of American History, 55 (3 ...
The desmopressin test is also used, in which the synthetic hormone is used as a diagnostic workup to test for inappropriate ... "Brain structural changes and neuropsychological impairments in male polydipsic schizophrenia". BMC Psychiatry. 12: 210. doi: ... This means that psychogenic polydipsia may lead to test results (e.g. in a water restriction test) consistent with diabetes ... Diagnostic tests for primary polydipsia usually involves the fluid deprivation test to exclude ADH problems. ...
Results on neuropsychological testing were unchanged or improved, although there were isolated deficits and one patient was ...
... like symptoms with tests: A case study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 60: 636-638. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1819.2006.01571. ... A neuropsychological examination revealed atypical lateralisation of cognitive functions, leading to the conclusion that the ... which showed that the man performed below chance on simple memory tests and claimed to experience nonexistent symptoms.[20] ... a full neurological and mental state examination is recommended to determine its presence as well as tests that assess ...
Testing[edit]. The presence of stimulants in the body may be tested by a variety of procedures. Serum and urine are the common ... Neuropsychological studies have detected deficits in attention, working memory, and decision-making in chronic METH addicts ... ... Fishchman, N; Mello, N. Testing for Abuse Liability of Drugs in Humans (PDF). 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857: U.S. ... However, when people were tested in labs, only half of those who claim dependence actually experienced it, casting doubt on ...
Testing of Ticks»։ cdc.gov։ հունիսի 4, 2013։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից փետրվարի 19, 2015-ին։ Վերցված է մարտի 2, 2015 ,df=. ... Neuropsychological functioning in chronic Lyme disease»։ Neuropsychology Review 12 (3): 153-77։ September 2002։ PMID 12428915։ ... 105,0 105,1 «Prospective study of serologic tests for lyme disease»։ Clinical Infectious Diseases 47 (2): 188-95։ July 2008։ ... Two-step Laboratory Testing Process»։ cdc.gov։ նոյեմբերի 15, 2011։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից մարտի 12, 2015-ին։ Վերցված է մարտի 2, ...
Socially anhedonic individuals perform worse on a number of neuropsychological tests than non-anhedonic participants,[38][39] ... It is very uncommon that a neurological examination and blood tests can determine the cause of a specific case of sexual ... Cohen A.S.; Leung W.W.; Saperstein A.M.; Blanchard J.J. (2006). "Neuropsychological functioning and social anhedonia: results ... young adults with social anhedonia perform in a similar direction to schizophrenia patients in tests of cognition and social ...
Clinical implementation of whole-genome array CGH as a first-tier test in 5080 pre and postnatal cases»։ Mol Cytogenet 4: 12։ ... Neuropsychological profile and neuroimaging in patients with 22Q11.2 Deletion Syndrome: a review»։ Child Neuropsychol 11 (1): ... BACs-on-Beads technology: a reliable test for rapid detection of aneuploidies and microdeletions in prenatal diagnosis»։ Biomed ... Psychotic symptoms in children and adolescents with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: Neuropsychological and behavioral implications ...
Neither ACTH stimulation testing[71] nor random cortisol levels are recommended to confirm the diagnosis.[6] The method of ... but the absence of baseline neuropsychological data in most people with sepsis makes the incidence of this difficult to ... If a person has an arterial catheter, arterial blood is recommended for blood glucose testing.[6] ... The same review found the sensitivity of the test to be 77% and the specificity to be 79%. The authors suggested that ...
神經心理學測驗(英语:Neuropsychological test). *本頓視覺保留測驗(英语:Benton Visual Retention Test) ... cognitive testing)與醫學影像檢查,並搭配抽血檢查,來找出可能的病因[15]。簡短智能測驗是其中一種常用於初步評估的工具[5]。預
Staninec, M; Holt, M (1988). "Bonding of amalgam to tooth structure: Tensile adhesion and microleakage tests". J Prosthet Dent ... produce neurotoxic and/or neuropsychological effect", studies on "co-exposure to HgO and methylmercury", studies on "in utero ...
editor, Vee P. Prasher, (2009). Neuropsychological assessments of dementia in Down syndrome and intellectual disabilities. ... Alldred, SK; Deeks, JJ; Guo, B; Neilson, JP; Alfirevic, Z (Jun 13, 2012). "Second trimester serum tests for Down's Syndrome ...
Both neuropsychological tests (e.g., the Stroop test) and rating scales (e.g., the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive ... Burgess, P. & Shallice, T. (1997) The Hayling and Brixton Tests. Test manual. Bury St Edmunds, UK: Thames Valley Test Company. ... "Assessment of neuropsychological function through use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery: ... As a result of these limitations of office-based neuropsychological tests of EF, parent- and teacher-report behavior checklist ...
Commercial availability of tests may precede adequate understanding of how to use test results, given the complexity of the ... A neuropsychological profile has been proposed for AS;[29] if verified, it could differentiate between AS and HFA and aid in ... As genetic tests are developed several ethical, legal, and social issues will emerge. ... Testing may include an audiological referral to exclude hearing impairment. The determination of whether there is a family ...
... a neuropsychological and brain MRI study". Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 44 (11): 1307-13. doi:10.1111/j.1532- ... Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers. 15 (1-2): 11-5. doi:10.1089/gtmb.2010.0106. PMID 21117950.. ...
Regarding the brain areas used in this task, neuropsychological investigations implicate both frontal and temporal lobe areas, ... Verbal fluency tests are a kind of psychological test in which participants have to produce as many words as possible from a ... The semantic fluency test is sometimes described as the category fluency test or simply as "freelisting", while letter fluency ... Performance in verbal fluency tests show a number of consistent characteristics in both children and adults:[12][6][13] ...
Wonderlic Personnel Test. This personnel test is not a neuropsychological instrument per se, but is used to help evaluate ... Tests Commonly Used In a Neuropsychological Examination. Neuropsychologists use scientifically validated objective tests to ... Some tests are included here that are not, strictly speaking, neuropsychological tests, but that may be used in a comprehensive ... Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. This is a set of several tests designed to cover a broad range of functional domains ...
... and psychological testing/tests and measurement are required by the Arkansas Psychology Board to become a technician. ... certificate will provide students with the basic coursework to eventually administer and score standardized psychological tests ...
B Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) Symbol Digit Modalities Test Test of Everyday Attention (TEA) Neuropsychological tests of ... Barcelona Neuropsychological Test (BNT) Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) Cognistat (The ... Benton Visual Retention Test California Verbal Learning Test Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT) Gollin figure test ... Digit Vigilance Test Figural Fluency Test Halstead Category Test Hayling and Brixton tests Kaplan Baycrest Neurocognitive ...
Neuropsychological Test Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Neuropsychological Test Score Concomitant Decline Control Oral Word ... Graff-Radford N.R., Godersky J.C., Tranel D., Eslinger P.J., Jones M.P. (1989) Neuropsychological Testing in Normal Pressure ... 1986). We used serial neuropsychological tests to study 23 patients operated for NPH. Our aims were: (1) to look for behavioral ...
"Assessment of Neuropsychological Function Through Use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery: ... The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), originally developed at the University of Cambridge in the ... Robbins, TW; James, M; Owen, AM; Sahakian, BJ; McInnes, L; Rabbitt, P (1994). "Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated ... The CANTAB tests were co-invented by Professor Trevor Robbins and Professor Barbara Sahakian. The 25 tests in CANTAB examine ...
Doctors use a wide variety of tests for neuropsychological testing. In most cases you will take a series of tests, rather than ... Neuropsychological testing can help your doctor find out how a problem with your brain is affecting your ability to reason, ... Doctors use a wide variety of tests for neuropsychological testing. In most cases you will take a series of tests, rather than ... Test Overview. Neuropsychological testing can help your doctor find out how a problem with your brain is affecting your ability ...
Home » neuropsychological testing. neuropsychological testing. Concussion Checklist for Parents. MomsTeam Founder and long-time ... Neurocognitive Testing For Concussions. Baseline and post-concussion neuropsychological (NP) testing is now recommended for all ... Paper and Pencil Neuropsychological Testing for Concussions: Valuable But Come with Limitations. Pencil and paper ... neuropsychological tests have proven useful for identifying cognitive deficits resulting from concussions, and have been ...
... and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test," Clinical ... The Relation between Inflammation and Neuropsychological Test Performance. Valerie H. Balldin,1 James R. Hall,2 Robert C. ... V. L. Hobson, J. R. Hall, M. Harvey et al., "An examination of the Boston Naming Test: calculation of "estimated" 60-item score ... A. L. Jefferson, J. M. Massaro, A. S. Beiser et al., "Inflammatory markers and neuropsychological functioning: the framingham ...
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Home » computerized neuropsychological testing. computerized neuropsychological testing. Persistent Post-Concussion Symptoms ... Baseline Neurocognitive Testing: Is It Really Necessary?. While computerized neuropsychological testing has become increasingly ... Neurocognitive Testing For Concussions. Baseline and post-concussion neuropsychological (NP) testing is now recommended for all ... Concussion Bill of Rights #5: Neuropsychological Testing For Contact and Collision Sports. Parents should have the right to ...
Make research projects and school reports about Neuropsychological tests easy with credible articles from our FREE, online ... and pictures about Neuropsychological tests at Encyclopedia.com. ... Neuropsychological tests can also be used as screening tests to ... Neuropsychological tests can also be used as screening tests to see if more extensive diagnostic evaluation is appropriate. ... A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. 2nd Edition. New York: Oxford University Press ...
At BMI Healthcare we offer Neuropsychological testing across our hospitals. Enquire online today to find out more about our ... Neuropsychological testing is also an important tool for examining the effects of toxic substances and medical conditions on ... Neuropsychological tests are designed to examine a variety of cognitive abilities, including speed of information processing, ... Neuropsychological testing is an important component of the assessment and treatment of traumatic brain injury, dementia , ...
Neuropsychological testing can help you and your doctors better understand your injury and plan for the most effective therapy. ... Who gives the test?. Neuropsychological tests are given, scored, and interpreted by a licensed clinical psychologist or ... Testing will then begin.. Usually, testing takes between two and six hours, although some patients take longer. During testing ... A Guide to Neuropsychological Testing. Jeffrey Kreutzer, PhD and Victoria Powell, PhD, Department of Physical Medicine and ...
Neuropsychological Tests. August 8, 2011 Neuropsychological testing (also known as neuropsychometric testing) assesses a ... 4 responses on "Neuropsychological Tests" * RozalynWernerArce Post author. 28 May, 2014 at 2:07 pm. No, Im sorry we dont. You ... Neuropsychological tests assess these abilities and provide information about a persons strengths and weaknesses. This offers ... Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test *The visual test involves copying a bunch of abstract designs to identify organic brain damage ...
The tests take about 6-8 hours to complete and do not involve any invasive procedures. The testing report, which takes a few ... The doctor selects the tests to administer, then scores and interprets them afterward. Each neuropsychological examination is ... These tests, administered by Ph.D. psychologists here at the Hallowell Center, are recommended for many people in whom we ... This testing can greatly enhance diagnosis, treatment selection, and educational planning. Because each person is different, ...
UC San Diego Health offers neuropsychological testing to evaluate a range of cognitive and behavioral disturbances resulting ... Our neuropsychological testing services can help measure, test and assess brain-behavior relationships as they relate to ... UC San Diego Health offers neuropsychological testing to evaluate a broad range of cognitive and behavioral issues resulting ... Tests of differing lengths are used in our assessment, depending on the nature of the referral. Patients can expect several ...
A battery of tests designed to assess specific areas of brain function, including memory, attention, motor skills, intelligence ...
K: What does neuropsychological testing… Share this:. *Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) ... What will these tests involve?. DEAR READER: There is no single test that can diagnose Alzheimers disease. In fact, a doctor ... DEAR DOCTOR K: My husbands doctor suspects that he has Alzheimers disease and wants him to have neuropsychological testing. ... Neuropsych testing cannot, alone, definitively diagnose Alzheimers disease. However, the testing results, along with the ...
The effect of cataract surgery on neuropsychological test performance: a randomized controlled trial.. Anstey KJ1, Lord SR, ... In-home assessments included visual and neuropsychological function, computerized cognitive testing and health questionnaires. ... that visual improvement following cataract surgery is not strongly associated with an improvement in neuropsychological test ... We investigated whether improving visual function with cataract surgery would improve neuropsychological performance in healthy ...
... Matteo ... Supplementary Materials of the paper "Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment in Aging: Testing Efficacy and Clinical ... and the participant time perception of the neuropsychological tests (item 16). Participants were asked to rate each item on a 5 ... the participant qualitative perception of the testing environment (items 8 and 9), the participant fatigue of using sensory ...
... this cognitive assessment test measures the subjects prediction abilities in respect to the measurement of an objects sound. ... Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries * General Cognitive Assessment (CAB) * Chemo Fog or Chemo Brain Cognitive Assessment ( ... The Estimation II Test uses a different way to measure estimation. This task measures auditory estimation or prediction. ... a complete neuropsychological exam). CogniFit does not directly offer a medical diagnosis of any type. A diagnosis of ADHD, ...
... this cognitive assessment test measures planning, visual memory, short-term memory, visual memory, spatial perception, response ... direct and indirect digit test, the classic Memory Malingering (TOMM) test, and Tower of London (TOL) test, which measure the ... Test to evaluate organization, structuring, and planning abilities.. *. Cognitive test to measure different cognitive abilities ... With this test, you will be able to assess possible deficits or cognitive difficulties. Try it!. ...
... J Clin Psychol. 1998 Aug;54(5):555- ... an approach to diagnosis emphasizing neuropsychological tests, a treatment protocol, and theoretical considerations for the ... as well as physical and neuropsychological examinations, with emphasis on identifying potential sources of carbon monoxide ...
Ages Eligible for Study: 1 Month to 21 Years Genders Eligible for Study: Both Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Click here for eligibility requirements ...
Collecting information over time from a series of tests may help doctors develop effective tests to measure neuropsychological ... neuropsychological and behavioral tests) Parent and child participants complete the COG Standard Neuropsychological and ... Neuropsychological and Behavioral Testing in Younger Patients With Cancer. The safety and scientific validity of this study is ... I. To utilize a standardized battery of age-appropriate neuropsychological and behavioral tests in conjunction with Childrens ...
Neuropsychological and Behavioral Testing in Younger Patients With Cancer. The safety and scientific validity of this study is ... neuropsychological and behavioral tests) Parent and child participants complete the COG Standard Neuropsychological and ... I. To utilize a standardized battery of age-appropriate neuropsychological and behavioral tests in conjunction with Childrens ... Utilization of standardized battery of age-appropriate neuropsychological and behavioral tests in conjunction with COG Phase ...
... psychological tests is at the heart of the neuropsychological assessment process. However, there is a tendency to regard t ... download and read Neuropsychological Interpretation of Objective Psychological Tests ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, ... depending on his or her performance on other neuropsychological tests. Thus, a low score on the Halstead Category Test may ... Neuropsychological Interpretation of Objective Psychological Tests. by Charles J. Golden; Patricia Espe-Pfeifer; Jana Wachsler- ...
Psychological Testing, procedures studying intelligence, brain damage, illness, disability, thinking, emotions and personality ... The Forensic Panels top neuropsychologists and psychologists provide testing and data interpretation that address the ...
... that supports medical necessity for the testing and the testing results of any psychological or neuropsychological testing that ... Psychological (procedure code 96101) and neuropsychological (procedure code 96118) testing, when performed in an acute care ...
Introduces Qumpass(TM) Neuropsychological Testing Software at Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). ... Cerora is leading the way in the development and testing of software and hardware technologies required to provide critically ...
  • The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), originally developed at the University of Cambridge in the 1980s but now provided in a commercial capacity by Cambridge Cognition, is a computer-based cognitive assessment system consisting of a battery of neuropsychological tests, administered to subjects using a touch screen computer. (wikipedia.org)
  • J. Torgersen, H. Flaatten, B. Engelsen and A. Gramstad, "Clinical Validation of Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery in a Norwegian Epilepsy Population," Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science , Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 108-116. (scirp.org)
  • Neuropsychological tests are a core component of the process of conducting neuropsychological assessment, along with personal, interpersonal and contextual factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society , 14 (3), 436-445. (elsevier.com)
  • CMS released questions and answers on psychological and neuropsychological tests that are billed under the CPT code range 96101-96125. (cms.gov)
  • In 2019, the AMA replaced a straightforward set of codes for psychological and neuropsychological testing with a far more complicated system of time-based codes. (hcmarketplace.com)
  • Home // Practice // Reimbursement // CPT and Diagnostic Codes // Psychological and Neuropsychological. (apaservices.org)
  • Psychological and neuropsychological testing services utilize diagnostic tests when mental illness or brain dysfunction is suspected, and clarification is essential for the diagnosis and treatment. (apaservices.org)
  • On Dec. 5, Antonio Puente, PhD, and Neil Pliskin, PhD, continued discussion of the upcoming changes to the Psychological and Neuropsychological Testing Codes for 2019 . (apaservices.org)
  • Get answers to your questions about the new CPT ® codes for psychological and neuropsychological testing services. (apaservices.org)
  • As neuropsychology has become increasingly sophisticated, it has been recognized that many factors influence the performance on any given test. (ebooks.com)
  • Overall, Golden et al 's book serves a very useful purpose in providing an introduction to neuropsychological interpretive hypotheses to beginners in the field of neuropsychology. (ebooks.com)
  • North Shore Pediatric Therapy provides diagnostic and testing services at our Neuropsychology Testing Center in Des Plaines. (nspt4kids.com)
  • Three years ago, Russel A. Barkley, Ph.D., a clinical professor of psychiatry at Medical University of South Carolina, wrote about a lack of validity for the use of neuropsychological testing for the diagnosis of ADD and ADHD ("Impairment in occupational functioning and adult ADHD: the predictive utility of executive function (EF) ratings versus EF tests," Clinical Neuropsychology, May 2010). (nepsy.com)
  • Furthermore, the manual for Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV states that, " When ACS is to be used for a neuropsychological assessment, the examiner should have appropriate training in neuropsychology and neuropsychological assessment" (Pearson, p. 8). (scn40.org)
  • The CRSPPP description (http://www.apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/neuro.aspx) states that core competencies in clinical neuropsychology include not only the use of specialized neuropsychological assessment techniques, but also "the ability to integrate neuropsychological test findings with neurologic and other medical data, psychosocial and other behavioral data, and knowledge in the neurosciences," as well as "an appreciation of social, cultural and ethical issues. (scn40.org)
  • Only the tests sold by Reitan Neuropsychology Laboratories, Inc. are the same as those on which the original standardization and validation data were obtained. (reitanlabs.com)
  • Research-based assessments help to ensure that all tests, methods and scoring procedures are uniform and precise, and that conclusions drawn from test results will be substantiated and reliable. (ucsd.edu)
  • In-home assessments included visual and neuropsychological function, computerized cognitive testing and health questionnaires. (nih.gov)
  • A tool for standardized and repeated neuropsychological assessments in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is needed. (diva-portal.org)
  • In part because of his view, he says, private insurance companies have begun to change the way they cover neuropsychological assessments. (nepsy.com)
  • The absence of reliable, universally acceptable biological and radiological markers for dementia necessitates the reliance on clinical assessments for a diagnosis, [5] supported by the assessment of cognitive disturbances using a range of screening tests. (scielo.org.za)
  • The patients completed two assessments of the attention network tasks (ANT), neuropsychological background tests, and the arterial spin labeling scan, which were performed before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after completing chemotherapy. (nature.com)
  • This advanced formal training in neuroscience, cognitive science, and brain-behavior relationships is essential to conducting evidence-informed neuropsychological assessments. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • This certificate will provide students with the basic coursework to eventually administer and score standardized psychological tests that they have been trained by a supervising licensed psychologist to conduct. (astate.edu)
  • Psychometrists are professionals specially trained in giving and scoring tests under the supervision of a licensed psychologist. (brainline.org)
  • It was only when the use of pre-season and post-concussion neurocognitive testing proved that concussions were having a real effect on brain function that the sports and medical community began to take them seriously, says Dr. William P. Meehan, III. (momsteam.com)
  • Baseline and post-concussion neuropsychological (NP) testing is now recommended for all athletes in sports with a high risk of concussion (e.g. football, lacrosse, hockey, soccer, basketball), regardless of age or level of performance, but the timing and type of testing may need to be adjusted for children and adolescents. (momsteam.com)
  • While computerized neuropsychological testing has become increasingly popular in concussion management in recent years , its use, particularly the need for baseline NP testing, remains controversial and, if anything, the trend appears to be away from recommending routine testing of all athletes, or even all athletes in contact or collision sports with a high risk of concussion. (momsteam.com)
  • Computerized neurocognitive tests which athletes can take in the comfort of their parent's home may be affordable, but MomsTeam's Brooke de Lench argues that concussion testing should be left to concussion professionals trained in properly administering and interpreting the results, not sold on line for use without supervision. (momsteam.com)
  • College-age athletes who had previously suffered a concussion performed more poorly on tests for verbal memory than those who had not, according to a new study presented at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine and 2nd World Congress on Exercise is Medicine® in June 2011. (momsteam.com)
  • A 2011 study confirms that football is still responsible for the majority of concussions at the high school level and that the symptoms of concussion clear in most cases within one week, but also shows for the first time the important role computerized neuropsychological testing is playing in concussion assessment and return to play decisions. (momsteam.com)
  • A complete review of the epidemiologic and neuropsychological studies to date is presented and critically reviewed, as are other assessment and management tools in concussion. (nih.gov)
  • Sport-Related Concussion and Neuropsychological Testing: Shaken or Stirred? (omicsonline.org)
  • The results of the test may help determine when an athlete who has had a concussion can return to play. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • Motor Evoked Potential Abnormalities Following Acute Concussion Among High School and Collegiate Athletes: Relationship to Post-Concussive Symptoms, Neuropsychological Test Scores, and Balance Error Scores. (nocsae.org)
  • the Concussion Resolution Index (CRI) will be used for neuropsychological assessment. (nocsae.org)
  • Although there have been many neuropsychological tests used to identify the effects of concussion, there are several major concerns of the methodological soundness and psychometric quality of commonly used practices. (illinois.edu)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the commonly used neuropsychological sports concussion practices used for validity, reliability, and other psychometric characteristics. (illinois.edu)
  • There was, however, some administration problems identified relating to the random generated item selection of computerized concussion tests. (illinois.edu)
  • If you're an athlete who has sustained a concussion, the tests can tell when you can return to play and if there are any mood problems from the concussion. (autoaccident.com)
  • The neuropsychologist uses objective tools--neuropsychological tests--to tie the biological and behavioral aspects together. (tripod.com)
  • Through the use of tests, the clinical neuropsychologist is able to differentiate whether or not a behavioral abnormality is more likely caused by a biological abnormality in the brain or by an emotional or learned process. (tripod.com)
  • American neuropsychologist Ralph Reitan emphasized the importance of using standardized psychometric tests to guide systematic observations of brain-behavior relationships. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Neuropsychological tests are given, scored, and interpreted by a licensed clinical psychologist or neuropsychologist. (brainline.org)
  • The neuropsychologist writes a detailed report that includes important information from the interview and tests including diagnostic conclusions. (brainline.org)
  • A neuropsychologist will interpret your test results and send the report to your physician. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • Parent and child participants complete the COG Standard Neuropsychological and Behavioral Battery testing at 9, 30, and 60 months post-diagnosis in a 1-hour session conducted by a neuropsychologist or psychologist. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Testing is usually performed by a school psychologist, who has much less training than a neuropsychologist. (learningabledkids.com)
  • Find out from the provider whether he or she administers the tests himself, or whether an assistant does all of the neuropsychological testing and whether the neuropsychologist just "interprets" the evaluation results. (learningabledkids.com)
  • 1) Get thorough neuropsychological testing from a highly recommended neuropsychologist right off the bat (I wouldn't waste my child's precious time trying to get testing done 'cheaply' -as the results just weren't thorough enough to be viable-least of all the results from the public school. (learningabledkids.com)
  • article{146723, author = {De Raedt, Rudi and PONJAERT-KRISTOFFERSEN, I}, issn = {0920-1637}, journal = {CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST}, language = {eng}, number = {3}, pages = {329--336}, title = {Short cognitive/neuropsychological test battery for first-tier fitness-to-drive assessment of older adults. (ugent.be)
  • It used to be far fewer insurance companies required prior authorization, which is really a cost management tool, for neuropsychological testing," says Mitchell Clionsky, Ph.D., ABPP(CN), a neuropsychologist with a clinical practice in Springfield, Mass., "The insurance companies started insisting you know the answer [about the diagnosis] before you ask the question and they decided that ADD was not a diagnosis that required neuropsychological testing. (nepsy.com)
  • A neuropsychologist is likely to do this kind of testing. (autoaccident.com)
  • It is up to the neuropsychologist to do the testing, interpret the results and determine the functional impact of certain neurological diseases or brain damage, such as that from a motor vehicle accident. (autoaccident.com)
  • The distinction between neuropsychological assessment performed by a clinical neuropsychologist and brief cognitive assessment as performed by physicians is formally recognized in the current revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (scn40.org)
  • The neuropsychologist can use the results of these tests to better understand how a person is processing information and learning. (neuronj.com)
  • Upon completion of the neuropsychological evaluation, a clinical neuropsychologist makes recommendations regarding diagnoses, relevant treatment interventions, and any other necessary referrals. (neuronj.com)
  • A battery of neuropsychological tests was evaluated for their discrimination validity of cognitive impairment in a group of elderly persons in Durban, South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a battery of neuropsychological tests in a sample of elderly persons living in a residential setting in SA. (scielo.org.za)
  • Graff-Radford N.R., Godersky J.C., Tranel D., Eslinger P.J., Jones M.P. (1989) Neuropsychological Testing in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. (springer.com)
  • A comprehensive assessment of cognitive and behavioral functions, using a set of standardized tests and procedures administered by Ph.D. Psychologists here at the Hallowell Center, to identify potential areas of suspected impairment. (drhallowell.com)
  • UC San Diego Health offers neuropsychological testing to evaluate a broad range of cognitive and behavioral issues resulting from brain dysfunction. (ucsd.edu)
  • This research trial studies neuropsychological (learning, remembering or thinking) and behavioral testing in younger patients with cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Collecting information over time from a series of tests may help doctors develop effective tests to measure neuropsychological and behavioral function of patients with cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • I. To utilize a standardized battery of age-appropriate neuropsychological and behavioral tests in conjunction with Children's Oncology Group (COG) Phase III clinical trials to evaluate cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral functioning over time. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To institute procedures to ensure a consistent, streamlined, and efficient administration of the neuropsychological/behavioral tests in a cooperative group setting in order to maximize compliance with a standardized assessment battery conducted at 3 standardized timepoints. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This research trial studies neuropsychological (learning, remembering or thinking) and behavioral outcomes in children and adolescents with cancer by collecting information over time from a series of tests. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The value of such testing may be particularly great in resource-limited settings, especially internationally, where non-behavioral diagnostic modalities such as neuroimaging are limited or non-existent. (oxfordmedicine.com)
  • In addition, the neuropsychological assessment also includes psychological testing that is utilized to assess behavioral, personality and mood-related symptoms, and coping abilities. (neuronj.com)
  • Psycho-educational and forensic evaluations, neuropsychological evaluations, Vocational testing and counseling. (freereferral.com)
  • But since these professionals use some of the same tests as do neuropsychologists, is it accurate for evaluations by these other professionals to be represented as neuropsychological assessment? (scn40.org)
  • The distinction between neuropsychological assessment and cognitive evaluations by psychologists in other specialties is also clearly made in the documentation on user qualifications that accompany many neuropsychological tests. (scn40.org)
  • Now offering telehealth services to our patients: See one of our clinicians virtually for neuropsychological evaluations. (neuronj.com)
  • Neuropsychological tests can also be used as screening tests to see if more extensive diagnostic evaluation is appropriate. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Many people who have a brain injury undergo psychological testing, a specialized evaluation method. (brainline.org)
  • In a clinical setting, the CogniFit results (when interpreted by a qualified healthcare provider), may be used as a screening aid to assist in determining whether or not a particular individual should be referred for further neuropsychological evaluation (e.g., a complete neuropsychological exam). (cognifit.com)
  • The Forensic Panel's top neuropsychologists and psychologists provide testing and data interpretation that address the cognitive and emotional issues that emerge in each competency, risk assessment, disability, pre-sentencing evaluation, testamentary capacity cases and many others. (forensicpanel.com)
  • The purpose of a neuropsychological evaluation is to help identify strengths and challenges with children's cognitive functioning. (nspt4kids.com)
  • A portion of those patients also underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation that assessed executive control, naming/lexical access, and declarative memory expressed as 3 neuropsychological index scores. (jaoa.org)
  • Crosswalk for 2019 Psychological Testing and Evaluation CPT Codes (PDF, 50KB). (apaservices.org)
  • Crosswalk for 2019 Neuropsychological Testing and Evaluation CPT Codes (PDF, 69KB). (apaservices.org)
  • Neuropsychological assessment is the systematic acquisition and evaluation of data about a person's cognitive capabilities in order to understand brain-behavior relationships. (brainworksmn.com)
  • My neuropsychological evaluation is scheduled for July 2018. (intpforum.com)
  • Our neuropsychological testing services can help measure, test and assess brain-behavior relationships as they relate to attention, verbal ability, learning and memory, spatial organization, initiation of behavior, abstract thinking, and other higher-level cognitive abilities. (ucsd.edu)
  • At baseline and at follow-up all patients had a state-of-the-art MRI scan, and memory and other cognitive functions were tested with five standard neuropsychological tests. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • Comparison studies with traditional neuropsychological tests are sparse and the role of such semi-automated testing is debated. (scirp.org)
  • Material and Methods: Patients scheduled for traditional neuropsychological testing with Category test (CT), Trail Making Test part B (TMT-B), WAIS-III and WMS-R were also asked to complete the CANTAB battery. (scirp.org)
  • A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. (cogstate.com)
  • Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). (cogstate.com)
  • OBJECTIVES--In epidemiological studies of neurotoxic effects neuropsychological tests are often applied to assess possible functional changes. (bmj.com)
  • Most forms of cognition actually involve multiple cognitive functions working in unison, however tests can be organised into broad categories based on the cognitive function which they predominantly assess. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some tests appear under multiple headings as different versions and aspects of tests can be used to assess different functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropsychological tests assess these abilities and provide information about a person's strengths and weaknesses. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • There are many tests to assess attention. (times-standard.com)
  • The objective of this study was to assess the relation between left and right hippocampal volumes and several frequently used memory tests. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Further studies are needed to assess the effect of culture and language on the appropriateness of the tests for different populations. (scielo.org.za)
  • Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. (rush.edu)
  • Tests are used for research into brain function and in a clinical setting for the diagnosis of deficits. (wikipedia.org)
  • This testing can greatly enhance diagnosis, treatment selection, and educational planning. (drhallowell.com)
  • The testing report, which takes a few weeks to write, will help confirm or clarify diagnosis, identify strengths and weaknesses, document changes in intellectual functioning, provide recommendations for compensatory strategies and may indicate referral to specialists in education, neurology, psychiatry or psychotherapy. (drhallowell.com)
  • To help physicians recognize and treat the chronic carbon monoxide exposure syndrome, the authors present its objective symptomatology, an approach to diagnosis emphasizing neuropsychological tests, a treatment protocol, and theoretical considerations for the mechanism of hyperbaric oxygen's therapeutic action. (nih.gov)
  • Diagnosis can be facilitated by recognizing the syndrome based on the patient's history, as well as physical and neuropsychological examinations, with emphasis on identifying potential sources of carbon monoxide exposure. (nih.gov)
  • We had private neuropsychological testing done by two different neuropsychologists (a year and a half apart) - one gave a decent diagnosis and some brief info on how our child learned with a few teaching suggestions. (learningabledkids.com)
  • You will be given an explanation of your child's testing results and, if warranted, a diagnosis and next steps. (nspt4kids.com)
  • Introduction: With the recent publication of new criteria for the diagnosis of preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD), there is a need for neuropsychological tools that take premorbid functioning into account in order to detect subtle cognitive decline. (harvard.edu)
  • Neuropsychological testing of HIV-infected individuals has an important role to play in the diagnosis and management of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. (oxfordmedicine.com)
  • I am in agreement that neuropsychological testing is not necessary to do a diagnosis," says Clionsky. (nepsy.com)
  • Several measures from the neuropsychological battery had discrimination validity for the differential diagnosis of cognitive disturbances in the elderly. (scielo.org.za)
  • Neuropsychological testing helps doctors make a diagnosis and plan treatment. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • One risk is that the doctor may not be able to nail down a diagnosis for you based on these tests. (autoaccident.com)
  • The neuropsychological assessment can provide a great deal of information, such as diagnosis of a condition, the specific patterns and profiles of cognition associated with the disease. (autoaccident.com)
  • According to DSM-5, a key advantage of neuropsychological assessment over other forms of cognitive testing is to provide "quantitative assessment of all relevant domains" (p. 610), a feature that is particularly useful for diagnosis and for detecting change. (scn40.org)
  • Pencil and paper neuropsychological tests have proven useful for identifying cognitive deficits resulting from concussions, and have been available to sports medicine clinicians for years but have a number of limitations. (momsteam.com)
  • Research has called attention to cognitive frailty, 7 , 8 a condition that describes the coexistence of neuropsychological deficits in clinically frail patients, with some suggestion that neuropsychological impairment should be an additional parameter used to characterize frailty. (jaoa.org)
  • The methods have a wide range of potential applications, e.g., they can provide a means of increasing the statistical power to detect deficits or dissociations, or can be used to test whether differences between a case and controls survive partialling out the effects of potential confounding variables. (open.ac.uk)
  • The use of neuropsychological screening tests allows for the assessment of specific cognitive domains, can distinguish age-related cognitive deficits from those due to MCI or dementia, and is superior to brief cognitive tools for which floor and ceiling effects threaten their validity. (scielo.org.za)
  • Severe hypoglycemia, particularly in very young children, is the most plausible explanation for neuropsychological deficits, but the contributory role of chronic hyperglycemia warrants further exploration. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In adults, neuropsychological deficits are most evident in those with the biomedical complications associated with chronic hyperglycemia ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • By testing a range of cognitive abilities and examining patterns of performance in different cognitive areas, neuropsychologists can make inferences about underlying brain function. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When a patient complains of problems with verbal communication after a stroke , separate tests that examine production and comprehension of language help neuropsychologists identify the location of the stroke in the left hemisphere. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As neuropsychological testing came to play a less vital role in localization of brain dysfunction, clinical neuropsychologists found new uses for their skills and knowledge. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although patterns of test scores illustrate profiles of cognitive strength and weakness, neuropsychologists can also learn a great deal about patients by observing how they approach a particular test. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In order to serve you better and provide quicker service with more expertise, our department has grown to consist of two neuropsychologists on staff, a licensed clinical psychologist, two expertly trained neuropsychological technicians and several graduate students from top training programs in the Chicago area. (nspt4kids.com)
  • We advocate that, in addition to expressing scores on a standard metric, neuropsychologists should also routinely record the percentile rank of all test scores so that the latter are available when attempting to reach a formulation. (open.ac.uk)
  • Psychologists and neuropsychologists create batteries of standardized tests to answer specific referral questions. (bapta.com)
  • However, most clinical cognitive testing is performed by professions other than neuropsychologists or even by psychologists in general. (scn40.org)
  • Our neuropsychologists are offering evidence-based assessment through face-to-face testing, "hybrid tele" testing, and or tele assessment (as appropriate). (resnikpsychology.com)
  • Our psychologists and neuropsychologists have advanced training in neuropsychological assessment from medical centers such as Mount Washington Pediatric Hospital, Kennedy Krieger Institute, and the Psychiatric Institute of Washington. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • As such, it can be argued that neuropsychological tests at times offer an estimate of a person's peak level of cognitive performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normative studies frequently provide data stratified by age, level of education, and/or ethnicity, where such factors have been shown by research to affect performance on a particular test. (wikipedia.org)
  • First is an analysis of overall performance, or how well people do from test to test along with how they perform in comparison to the average score. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect of cataract surgery on neuropsychological test performance: a randomized controlled trial. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated whether improving visual function with cataract surgery would improve neuropsychological performance in healthy older adults. (nih.gov)
  • We conclude that visual improvement following cataract surgery is not strongly associated with an improvement in neuropsychological test performance in otherwise healthy adults. (nih.gov)
  • The inter-comparison of specific skills as represented by performance on neu- psychological tests is at the heart of the neuropsychological assessment process. (ebooks.com)
  • However, there is a tendency to regard the interpretation of single tests as a process that is independent of performance on other tests, with integration of test information representing a summary of these individual test performances. (ebooks.com)
  • The meaning of the same score may vary considerably from one person to another, depending on his or her performance on other neuropsychological tests. (ebooks.com)
  • T. W. Robbins, M. James, A. M. Owen, B. J. Sahakian, A. D. Lawrence, L. McInnes and P. M. Rabbitt, "A Study of Performance on Tests from the CANTAB Battery Sensi- tive to Frontal Lobe Dysfunction in a Large Sample of Normal Volunteers: Implications for Theories of Execu- tive Functioning and Cognitive Aging. (scirp.org)
  • In these studies tests presumed to be resistant to neurotoxic effects, "hold tests", are often used to adjust performance in tests presumed to be sensitive to neurotoxic effects, "nonhold tests", in assessment of pre-exposure ability. (bmj.com)
  • We sought to provide a useful online z-score calculator that yields estimates of percentile ranges and adjusts individual performance based on sex, age and/or education for each of the neuropsychological tests of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set (NACC, UDS). (harvard.edu)
  • Conclusion: The findings suggest that it may be difficult to differentiate adolescents with EOS and ASD based on neuropsychological task performance. (medworm.com)
  • Kruskal-Wallis independent sample tests were used to compare performance of tests in the groups. (scielo.org.za)
  • The largest decline in performance was shown on tests of short-term visual memory, serial digit learning, and facial recognition. (elsevier.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to determine neuroanatomical (PVH, DWMH, MTA) and neuropsychological (working memory, executive function, speed and attention, episodic memory) predictors of TMT-B performance in elderly people. (ru.nl)
  • For example, all neuropsychological domains predicted the TMT-B total completion time, whereas only executive function predicted the ratio score (TMT-B/A). We conclude that MTA is a very important predictor of TMT-B performance in elderly people. (ru.nl)
  • Age main effects, with inferior performance for the middle aged subjects, were observed for the localization and time portions of the Tactile Performance Test (TPT) and for the Trail Making A test. (umaine.edu)
  • The frequency and determinants of abnormal test performance by normal individuals are critically important to clinical inference. (elsevier.com)
  • Here we compare two approaches to predicting rates of abnormal test performance among healthy individuals with the rates actually shown by 327 neurologically normal adults aged 18-92 years. (elsevier.com)
  • However, it eliminated the contribution of these variables to rates of abnormal test performance. (elsevier.com)
  • These findings raise fundamental questions about the nature and interpretation of abnormal test performance by normal, healthy adults. (elsevier.com)
  • Performance on these items produce a test score. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychological tests can strongly resemble questionnaires , which are also designed to measure unobserved constructs, but differ in that psychological tests ask for a respondent's maximum performance whereas a questionnaire asks for the respondent's typical performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study found that chemotherapy-treated patients had significantly increased post-treatment perfusion in the right precentral gyrus, which was correlated with the baseline of overall neuropsychological performance. (nature.com)
  • For example, the manual for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) states that while other professionals " may engage in some initial interpretation of performance on RBANS, the test results should ultimately be interpreted only by individuals with appropriate professional training in neuropsychological assessment for diagnostic purposes" (Randolph, 2012, p. 9). (scn40.org)
  • Different tests have been developed to respond to specific referral questions arising from diverse patient populations, ranging from closed head injuries to Alzheimer's disease. (ucsd.edu)
  • DEAR DOCTOR K: My husband's doctor suspects that he has Alzheimer's disease and wants him to have neuropsychological testing. (times-standard.com)
  • DEAR READER: There is no single test that can diagnose Alzheimer's disease. (times-standard.com)
  • When doctors suspect that a person may be developing Alzheimer's disease, they often perform multiple tests to evaluate different aspects of thinking. (times-standard.com)
  • Neuropsych testing cannot, alone, definitively diagnose Alzheimer's disease. (times-standard.com)
  • However, the testing results, along with the medical history, brain-imaging studies and other evidence, can give the doctor pretty strong evidence for or against Alzheimer's. (times-standard.com)
  • If you are being checked for a health condition, such as Alzheimer's disease, you may be afraid of what the tests will show. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • Third is pathognomic signs, or specific test results that directly relate to a distinct disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In research, intelligence is tested and results are generally as obtained, however in a clinical setting intelligence may be impaired so estimates are required for comparison with obtained results. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premorbid estimates can be determined through a number of methods, the most common include: comparison of test results to expected achievement levels based on prior education and occupation and the use of hold tests which are based on cognitive faculties which are generally good indicators of intelligence and thought to be more resistant to cognitive damage, e.g. language. (wikipedia.org)
  • administers the test and interprets the results. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • however, these facilities must maintain documentation that supports medical necessity for the testing and the testing results of any psychological or neuropsychological testing that are performed while the client is an inpatient. (tmhp.com)
  • Conclusion: Our results indicate that DMS primarily tests visual matching to sample. (scirp.org)
  • The school systems generally administer a few tests and pronounce their results in a very short report. (learningabledkids.com)
  • Talk to your doctor about any concerns you have regarding the need for the test, its risks, how it will be done, or what the results will mean. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • Test results give your doctor an overall picture of how well you are able to think, reason, and remember. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • Many conditions can change the results of a neuropsychological test. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • But your doctor will consider your other symptoms when looking at the test results. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • To examine the association between frailty phenotype, neuropsychological screening test results, and neuropsychological domains known to characterize patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. (jaoa.org)
  • The results were noted from two verbal tests (test A, which involved following verbal instructions and test C, word comprehension), which were performed at conscription (age 18-20). (bmj.com)
  • RESULTS--In the three tests given at the time of the investigation some differences were found between the carpenters and the subgroups of painters. (bmj.com)
  • The results in the other conscription test showed similar tendencies. (bmj.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS--The results indicate that the hold tests examined do not meet basic criteria for hold tests used in occupational studies. (bmj.com)
  • It is possible that other presumed hold tests may meet the criteria but our results suggest that such tests also should be evaluated before being used as hold tests in working populations. (bmj.com)
  • Results: For each neuropsychological test, an estimated z-score was calculated for any raw score based on five different models that adjust for the demographic predictors of SEX, AGE and EDUCATION, either concurrently, individually or without covariates. (harvard.edu)
  • Because the results on most tests were within normal limits, brain impairment was not evidenced. (lu.se)
  • Beneficial effect of physostigmine on clinical amnesic behaviour and neuropsychological test results in a patient with a post-encephalitic amnesic syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • Isn't neuropsychological testing a 'soft-science' that only generates vague results? (bapta.com)
  • Neuropsychological tests provide quantifiable results that indicate the amount of deviation from base-line norms. (bapta.com)
  • The results from the IRT calibrations show compliance of the test with the stated test construction and testing paradigm commonly used. (illinois.edu)
  • Studies have shown, he says, that neuropsychological testing is not useful in diagnosing in part because it can often have false negative results. (nepsy.com)
  • Though the results are not overly promising for the validity of the four NCATs we investigated, traditional methods of investigating psychometric properties may not be appropriate for computerized tests. (cogstate.com)
  • Results were discussed in terms of previous studies of age and hypertension with the WAIS, the Primary Mental Abilities Test and serial reaction time measures. (umaine.edu)
  • It takes a few weeks for the test results to return. (autoaccident.com)
  • The results can be compared to the results of individuals without neuropsychological problems in order to determine where potential problems may exist. (nicklauschildrens.org)
  • RESULTS: Impairments were found for all 11 test-measures in the bipolar group after controlling for age, IQ and gender (Ps ≤ 0.001, E.S. = 0.26-0.63). (ox.ac.uk)
  • The heterogeneity of some test results explains previous differences in meta-analyses. (ox.ac.uk)
  • [2] A useful psychological test must be both valid (i.e., there is evidence to support the specified interpretation of the test results [3] ) and reliable (i.e., internally consistent or give consistent results over time, across raters, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hundreds of papers have appeared in the literature which have investigated various hypotheses relevant to interpretation of results obtained with the tests in the Halstead-Reitan Batteries. (reitanlabs.com)
  • Therefore, each test in the Battery must be administered properly to avoid invalidation of the overall results (Reitan & Wolfson, 1993). (reitanlabs.com)
  • It has few options like in-app purchase of more tests, add any number of patients, see their previous test results, mail/print the test results etc. (infotechnologist.biz)
  • The objective of this study was to develop a computerized neuropsychological test battery designed for INPH and to evaluate its reliability, validity and patient's ability to complete the tests. (diva-portal.org)
  • Victoria Symptom Validity Test: efficiency for detecting feigned memory impairment and. (umn.edu)
  • Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant validity, and regression analyses to identify the unique variance in NCAT and NP scores attributed to group status. (cogstate.com)
  • r ≥ 0.10), with no clear patterns suggestive of convergent or discriminant validity between the NCATs and NP tests. (cogstate.com)
  • The visual test involves copying a bunch of abstract designs to identify organic brain damage. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination Boston Naming Test Comprehensive Aphasia Test (CAT) Multilingual Aphasia Examination Executive functions is an umbrella term for a various cognitive processes and sub-processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerora is leading the way in the development and testing of software and hardware technologies required to provide critically important, objective, portable biomarker-based brain-function diagnostic information. (yahoo.com)
  • What is neuropsychological diagnostic testing? (nspt4kids.com)
  • Neuropsychological testing provides diagnostic clarification and grading of clinical severity for patients with subtle or obvious cognitive disorders. (bapta.com)
  • Using neuropsychological tests early in the diagnostic decision tree can save money by avoiding unnecessary diagnostic imaging. (bapta.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -To describe neuropsychological profiles and their relationship to metabolic control in children with type 1 diabetes 6 years after the onset of disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) provide clarification on Medicare billing and payment policy for these testing codes when performed by technicians, computers, physicians, clinical psychologists, independently practicing psychologists and other eligible qualified nonphysician practitioners. (cms.gov)
  • These tests, administered by Ph.D. psychologists here at the Hallowell Center, are recommended for many people in whom we suspect impairment of cognitive and emotional functioning. (drhallowell.com)
  • BAPTA psychologists also conduct a thorough clinical interview and design the test battery prior to testing. (bapta.com)
  • Descriptors for 2019 Psychological & Neuropsychological Assessment CPT Codes for Psychologists (PDF, 37KB). (apaservices.org)
  • Descriptors and Total NF RVUs for 2019 Psychological & Neuropsychological Assessment CPT Codes for Psychologists (PDF, 52 KB). (apaservices.org)
  • Unlike other testing sites, all testing in our practice is completed exclusively by our Doctoral Level, Licensed Psychologists. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • 1986). We used serial neuropsychological tests to study 23 patients operated for NPH. (springer.com)
  • Since clinicians lacked non-surgical methods for directly observing brain lesions or structural abnormalities in living patients, neuropsychological testing was the only way to determine which part of the brain was affected in a given patient. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Usually, testing takes between two and six hours, although some patients take longer. (brainline.org)
  • Patients can expect several hours of testing, scoring and interpretation. (ucsd.edu)
  • Patients need a referral from their treating physician to access our testing services. (ucsd.edu)
  • The aim of this study was to validate Cambridge Neuropsychological Tests Automated Battery (CANTAB) in patients with epilepsy. (scirp.org)
  • C. M. Bird and L. Cipolotti, "The Utility of the Recogni- tion Memory Test and the Graded Naming Test for Mo- nitoring Neurological Patients," British Journal of Clini- cal Psychology, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2007, pp. 223-234. (scirp.org)
  • For example, two patients can complete a test in very different ways yet obtain similar scores. (minddisorders.com)
  • Patients diagnosed with INPH (n = 26) performed worse on all tests, including depression score, compared to healthy controls. (diva-portal.org)
  • A new computerized neuropsychological test battery designed for patients with communicating hydrocephalus and INPH was introduced. (diva-portal.org)
  • Performed individual and group psychological testing to newly admitted patients. (freereferral.com)
  • To address the hypothesis of brain dysfunction as a component of the multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) syndrome, a neuropsychological battery comprising 8 tests was given to 17 Swedish MCS patients and 34 demographically matched controls. (lu.se)
  • However, the similar minor deviations in neurobehavioral tests observed in several studies of MCS patients indicate the need for a study on a larger sample of MCS cases. (lu.se)
  • MODA neuropsychological functioning test trend in patients followed-up for 24 months (four observations).Notes: Higher scores indicate better outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • Investigators at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, have shown that progression of disease in memory clinic patients can be tracked efficiently with 45 minutes of neuropsychological testing. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • If neuropsychological assessment is used as the outcome measure or "gold standard," fewer patients would be needed to conduct such trials, or the trials may be of shorter duration. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • The Dutch investigators tested this claim at the memory clinic of the Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, by comparing neuropsychological assessment and MRI measures of brain atrophy in 62 patients with no or early cognitive impairment, but no dementia. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • The investigators concluded that only half as many patients would be needed if neuropsychological assessment were used as the gold standard rather than MRI measures of brain atrophy. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • We recently reported findings from a cross-sectional neuropsychological study that the chemotherapy-treated breast cancer patients had significant impairment of attention networks 6 . (nature.com)
  • We also provide counseling or therapy to help patients with a neuropsychological difference to better cope with the emotional and neuropsychological challenges caused by their neuropsychological difference, or by the anxiety that often accompanies it. (addanxietyandaspergers.com)
  • This is a medical app for Neuro-pschological test of patients. (infotechnologist.biz)
  • The app has a couple of tests which has to be performed on patients by licensed doctors. (infotechnologist.biz)
  • Young adult (X- = 29) and middle aged (X- =50) hypertensive and normotensive subjects were compared with respect to seven neuropsychological test scores derived from tests on the Halstead-Reitan battery. (umaine.edu)
  • Assessing mental flexibility: neuroanatomical and neuropsychological correlates of the Trail Making Test in elderly people. (ru.nl)
  • Neuropsychological testing is an important component of the assessment and treatment of traumatic brain injury , dementia , neurological conditions, and psychiatric disorders. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Neuropsychological screening of elderly people complaining of memory problems can help identify those at risk for dementia versus those experiencing normal age-related memory loss. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A correlation was found between frailty and neuropsychological impairment, which suggests that frailty may be a potential indicator for the emergence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia. (jaoa.org)
  • A sample of 117 English-speaking participants of different race groups (9 with dementia, 30 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 78 controls) from a group of residential homes for the elderly was administered a battery of 11 neuropsychological tests. (scielo.org.za)
  • Sensitivity and specificity of the tests for dementia and MCI were determined using random operating curve (ROC) analysis. (scielo.org.za)
  • As part of a study of dementia, 162 normal volunteers in the age range of 65-84 years were given a battery of nine neuropsychological tests assessing temporal orientation, short-term memory, language functions, and visuoperceptive capacity. (elsevier.com)
  • Most neuropsychological tests are traditional paper and pencil or computer-guided tests with fixed answers. (nicklauschildrens.org)
  • The samples of behavior that make up a paper-and-pencil test, the most common type of test, are a series of items. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neuropsychological tests usually involve paper-and-pencil tasks, answering questions, manipulating objects, and computerized tasks which are administered by a specially trained technician. (neuronj.com)
  • The goal of the testing is not only to help determine specific diagnoses that a child might have, but more importantly, to help determine and develop appropriate accommodations and interventions that would make the child's life easier. (nspt4kids.com)
  • The standardized curriculum will enable the graduate students to develop their skill sets and knowledge with regard to neuropsychological assessment, diagnoses, various empirically supported interventions, and neuroanatomy. (nspt4kids.com)
  • DSM-5 states that determination of cognitive impairment, as needed for the diagnoses of Mild and Major Neurocognitive Disorder, should be "preferably documented by standardized neuropsychological testing" (p. 602). (scn40.org)
  • Neuropsychological test data are used to make diagnoses based upon research about different profiles of cognitive strengths and weaknesses. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • Baseline Neurocognitive Testing: Is It Really Necessary? (momsteam.com)
  • The announcement prompted emails to MomsTEAM from parents asking for my opinion on how and where to have their children's baseline neurocognitive tests done, and whether they could do them at home. (momsteam.com)
  • Parents should have the right to expect, if their child is playing contact or collision sports, that he or she undergo pre-season baseline and post-injury neuropsychological testing as the current consensus statement on concussions recommends for athletes in such sport, regardless of age or competitive level. (momsteam.com)
  • Neuropsychological functioning assessed with MODA correlated with physical activity measured by the SF-36 at baseline (R=0.339), month 6 (R=0.275), month 12 (R=0.412), and month 24 (R=0.47). (nih.gov)
  • Neuropsychological functioning also correlated with mental health (as measured by SF-36) at baseline (R=0.34), month 6 (R=0.233), month 12 (R=0.427), and month 24 (R=0.628). (nih.gov)
  • Neuropsychological functioning significantly correlated with social activity (as measured by SF-36) at month 24 (R=0.455) but not at month 6 or 12, as it was for somatic pain perception (as measured by SF-36) at month 24, R=0.385, but not at baseline, month 6 or 12. (nih.gov)
  • The pattern of findings was similar for both techniques, but MRI showed less pronounced differences between both groups at baseline than the cognitive tests, and more importantly, less pronounced differences in rate of change. (alzheimersweekly.com)
  • Neuropsychological tests are specifically designed tasks that are used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of the tests involve answering questions or performing tasks. (cigna.com)
  • During testing, you will be asked to answer questions, do tasks with pencil and paper, remember information, and possibly respond to questions on a computer. (brainline.org)
  • Introduction: Despite the numerous episodic memory tasks used in neuropsychological assessment, relatively few learning tasks are available, with methods lacking the complexity and sophistication to capture very subtle changes in information acquisition. (cogstate.com)
  • Psychological tests are typically, but not necessarily, a series of tasks or problems that the respondent has to solve. (wikipedia.org)
  • I am sure your concerns about a neuropsychological difference deserve exploring -- to what extent, will not so much depend on your budget, but depend more on how much your day-to-day life and relationships may improve, as well as your job tasks and career objectives. (addanxietyandaspergers.com)
  • Existing inferential methods of testing for a deficit or dissociation in the single case are extended to allow researchers to control for the effects of covariates. (open.ac.uk)
  • The new (Bayesian) methods provide a significance test, point and interval estimates of the effect size for the difference between the case and controls, and point and interval estimates of the abnormality of a case's score, or standardized score difference. (open.ac.uk)
  • You may be taking some of the tests on a computer, using pencil and paper, or using other objects. (cigna.com)
  • You may be using a computer to take a test or simply pencil and paper. (autoaccident.com)
  • Thus, a low score on the Halstead Category Test may indeed reflect frontal lobe damage, but only if we first rule out the influence of visual-spatial problems, emotionality, attentional issues, motivation, fatigue, and comprehension of the instructions. (ebooks.com)
  • Seniors who consumed around 150g of cooked mushrooms weekly performed better on neuropsychological tests and had a 50% reduced risk of mild cognitive impairment compared to age-matched healthy controls. (foundmyfitness.com)
  • In addition, it is argued that the current practice of expressing confidence limits on test scores on a standard score metric should be supplemented with confidence limits expressed as percentile ranks, because the latter provide a more direct and tangible indication of the uncertainty surrounding an observed score. (open.ac.uk)
  • No students or 'techs' will test you, or your child, in our practice. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS -Neuropsychological profiles of children with type 1 diabetes 6 years after the onset of disease are consistent with subtle compromise of anterior and medial temporal brain regions. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The reader/purchaser should be aware that different versions of the tests may produce scores that do not correspond with the standardization date, and, at least in some instances, have been found to lead to incorrect clinical conclusions. (reitanlabs.com)
  • A computerized neuropsychological test commonly used to evaluate sports-related concussions misclassified up to 29 percent of healthy participants in a recent test by a University of Texas at Arlington kinesiology researcher. (momsteam.com)
  • There is an increased awareness of concussions, which has evolved into developing better measurement tools to study the effects including neuropsychological components. (illinois.edu)
  • It will be important to determine if your symptoms are the result of a neuropsychological (cognitive processing) difference, or if you are experiencing neuropsychological symptoms for other reasons like anxiety, depression, sleep deprivation, or other common causes. (addanxietyandaspergers.com)
  • These tests typically involve completing a checklist of symptoms and/or true-false-type questionnaires. (neuronj.com)
  • An examination of the Boston Naming Test: calculation of "estimated" 60-item score from 30- and 15-item scores in a cognitively impaired population," International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry , vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 351-355, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • Neuropsychological assessment involves an in-depth clinical interview, administration of a battery of standardized tests, and collection of both qualitative and quantifiable information from collateral sources. (brainworksmn.com)
  • The Trail Making Test part B (TMT-B) is highly sensitive to age-related changes in the brain and cognitive function. (ru.nl)
  • METHOD: Individual patient and control data were obtained from original authors for 11 measures from four common neuropsychological tests: California or Rey Verbal Learning Task (VLT), Trail Making Test (TMT), Digit Span and/or Wisconsin Card Sorting Task. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Similar impairments shown on a neuropsychological test battery in adolescents with high-functioning autism and early onset schizophrenia: a two-year follow-up study. (medworm.com)
  • Some test-measures were weakly correlated with illness severity measures suggesting that some impairments may track illness progression. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Testing can also identify mood or emotional problems. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • A score on a well-constructed test is believed to reflect a psychological construct such as achievement in a school subject, cognitive ability , aptitude , emotional functioning, personality , etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reitan Neuropsychological laboratory is the licensed manufacturer and vendor for the Halstead-Reitan Batteries. (reitanlabs.com)
  • Some of the tests in the Halstead-Reitan battery have been produced by other manufacturers. (reitanlabs.com)
  • The Halstead-Reitan Battery was developed as a battery rather than as a series of individual tests. (reitanlabs.com)
  • Cognitive assessment test to evaluate cognitive abilites. (cognifit.com)
  • Among tests used to evaluate memory, verbal memory tests with controlled encoding and cued recall are believed to be specific for hippocampal impairment. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A neuropsychological test is a medical exam to evaluate the function of the brain. (nicklauschildrens.org)
  • Neuropsychological tests come in many forms and are used to evaluate different brain functions such as intelligence, memory, language, perception, emotion, moods, personalities and other aspects of brain function. (nicklauschildrens.org)
  • The doctor selects the tests to administer, then scores and interprets them afterward. (drhallowell.com)
  • The tests quantitatively measure these functions to demonstrate possible abnormalities of the brain. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • Benton Visual Retention Test California Verbal Learning Test Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT) Gollin figure test Memory Assessment Scales (MAS) Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL) Mental Attributes Profiling System Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) Language functions include speech, reading and writing, all of which can be selectively impaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • The appropriate use of neuropsychological testing, grading scales, and return-to-play recommendations are discussed in depth based on the current evidence. (nih.gov)
  • He concluded that testing did not identify the disorder as reliably as self-reported scales. (nepsy.com)
  • Naturally, when a traumatic brain injury is sustained it can be difficult for a family to determine whether a neuropsychological assessment for TBI is worthwhile. (jurmainehealth.com.au)
  • Findings from large-scale prospective studies ( 4 ) suggest that adults are resilient to hypoglycemia-related effects on neuropsychological functions, although this point is still debated. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Test data are interpreted in light of current research findings about brain function. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • Neuropsychological assessment is useful in ruling out a host of neurodevelopmental conditions such as learning disabilities, attention deficit disorders, and autism spectrum disorder. (brainworksmn.com)
  • The Genetics and Metabolism Psychology Network (GMPN) www.gmpsych.org lists reference articles and applicable testing in those with metabolic disorders. (blogspot.com)
  • In this article, we describe the purpose and procedures involved in testing and answer common questions. (brainline.org)
  • Prepare a snack to bring to the test as the procedures are lengthy. (epilepsyontario.org)
  • The tests take about 6-8 hours to complete and do not involve any invasive procedures. (drhallowell.com)
  • Given the new modernized coding structure that more accurately describes the work required when multiple hours of technical and professional services are performed, APA has developed three separate crosswalks between the current (2018) testing codes and the corresponding new codes to be used in 2019. (apaservices.org)
  • Crosswalk for 2019 Computerized Test CPT Codes (PDF, 35KB). (apaservices.org)
  • An updated list of the most frequently asked questions regarding the 2019 Testing Codes (PDF, 419KB). (apaservices.org)
  • National Adult Reading Test (NART) Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) Wechsler Test of Adult Reading (WTAR) Memory is a very broad function which includes several distinct abilities, all of which can be selectively impaired and require individual testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropsychological tests are designed to examine a variety of cognitive abilities, including speed of information processing, attention, memory, language, and executive functions, which are necessary for goal-directed behavior. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Many of the interpretative strategies cited can be used with other tests that focus on similar skills and abilities. (lovelybooks.de)
  • We have tests that are language-free and motor-free, so that every individual can demonstrate his or her true abilities. (resnikpsychology.com)
  • When we decided to give our children the test, we didn't have any specific concerns about their learning abilities. (mindprintlearning.com)