A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.
A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Clusters of neuronal cell bodies in invertebrates. Invertebrate ganglia may also contain neuronal processes and non-neuronal supporting cells. Many invertebrate ganglia are favorable subjects for research because they have small numbers of functional neuronal types which can be identified from one animal to another.
Methods for determining interaction between PROTEINS.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
A network of membrane compartments, located at the cytoplasmic side of the GOLGI APPARATUS, where proteins and lipids are sorted for transport to various locations in the cell or cell membrane.
Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A device used to detect airborne odors, gases, flavors, volatile substances or vapors.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Graphs representing sets of measurable, non-covalent physical contacts with specific PROTEINS in living organisms or in cells.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
A family of marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, comprising the clawless lobsters. They are found in tropical and subtropical waters and characterized by short spines along the length of the tail and body.
Most generally any NEURONS which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose AXONS remain within a particular brain region in contrast to projection neurons, which have axons projecting to other brain regions.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A comprehensive map of the physical interconnections of an organism's neural networks. This modular organization of neuronal architecture is believed to underlie disease mechanisms and the biological development of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
Signal and data processing method that uses decomposition of wavelets to approximate, estimate, or compress signals with finite time and frequency domains. It represents a signal or data in terms of a fast decaying wavelet series from the original prototype wavelet, called the mother wavelet. This mathematical algorithm has been adopted widely in biomedical disciplines for data and signal processing in noise removal and audio/image compression (e.g., EEG and MRI).
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
A mechanism of communication with a physiological system for homeostasis, adaptation, etc. Physiological feedback is mediated through extensive feedback mechanisms that use physiological cues as feedback loop signals to control other systems.
Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Freedom from activity.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
An intrusion detection system monitors computer network or computer systems to identify intruder codes like an anomaly ... 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. pp. 2168-2171. doi:10.1109/IJCNN.2009.5178708. ISBN 978-1-4244-3548-7. ... Some different ensemble learning approaches based on artificial neural networks, kernel principal component analysis (KPCA), ... ISBN 978-3-540-41066-9. Wolpert (1992). "Stacked Generalization". Neural Networks. 5 (2): 241-259. doi:10.1016/s0893-6080(05) ...
The concept of STDP has been shown to be a proven learning algorithm for forward-connected artificial neural networks in ... Computer Vision - ECCV 2012. Workshops and Demonstrations. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 7583. Springer Berlin Heidelberg ... Neural Networks. 32: 339-348. doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2012.02.022. PMID 22386501. Thorpe, Simon J. (2012). Fusiello, Andrea; ... In the CA3 region of the hippocampus, the recurrent network turns entities with neighboring theta phases into coincident ones ...
Neural networks research had been abandoned by AI and computer science around the same time. This line, too, was continued ... Artificial neural networks have been used on a variety of tasks, including computer vision, speech recognition, machine ... Artificial neural networks (ANNs), or connectionist systems, are computing systems vaguely inspired by the biological neural ... "Neural Networks". In Allen B. Tucker (ed.). Computer Science Handbook, Second Edition (Section VII: Intelligent Systems). Boca ...
Tourassi, Georgia D. (1993). Artificial neural networks for image analysis and diagnosis in nuclear medicine (PhD thesis). OCLC ... Tourassi, Georgia (2003). "Computer‐assisted detection of mammographic masses: A template matching scheme based on mutual ... Neural Networks. 21 (2-3): 427-436. doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2007.12.031. PMC 2346433. PMID 18272329. Tourassi, Georgia (2001). " ... "Training neural network classifiers for medical decision making: The effects of imbalanced datasets on classification ...
Vrieze, O.J. (1995). "Kohonen Network" (PDF). Artificial Neural Networks. Springer. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 931. ... The artificial neural network introduced by the Finnish professor Teuvo Kohonen in the 1980s is sometimes called a Kohonen map ... Like most artificial neural networks, SOMs operate in two modes: training and mapping. "Training" builds the map using input ... A self-organizing map (SOM) or self-organizing feature map (SOFM) is a type of artificial neural network (ANN) that is trained ...
Computer Vision • Artificial Neural Networks 1. PR Reddy, K Sri Rama Murty and B. Yegnanarayana, Representation Learning for ... B. Yegnanarayana and M. Narendranath, Neural Networks, Voice Conversion, in S. Katagiri (Ed.), Handbook of Neural Networks for ... Manish Sarkar and B. Yegnanarayana, Application of Fuzzy-Rough Sets in Modular Neural Networks, in S. K. Pal and A. Skowron ( ... He is an eminent professor and is known for his contributions in Speech Signal Processing, Artificial Neural Networks and ...
Realization in Neural Networks". arXiv:0711.2061. Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Suslov, I. M. (2007). "How to realize ... The first "computer model of a sense of humor" was suggested by Suslov as early as 1992. Investigation of the general scheme of ... A realization of this algorithm in neural networks justifies naturally Spencer's hypothesis on the mechanism of laughter: ... deletion of a false version corresponds to zeroing of some part of the neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown ...
Realization in Neural Networks. Biofizika SSSR 37, 325 (1992) [Biophysics {\bf 37}, 249 (1992). Panksepp, J. (2005). "Beyond a ... The computer model of humor was suggested by Suslov in 1992. Investigation of the general scheme of information processing ... A realization of this algorithm in neural networks justifies naturally Spencer's hypothesis on the mechanism of laughter: ... deletion of a false version corresponds to zeroing of some part of the neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown ...
PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Computer Science Division, 2002. Kalman Filtering and Neural Networks. Edited ... brain-computer interfaces and neural decoding, real-time decoding for continuous neural-prosthetic control, and sensorimotor ... It also has application in econometrics, signal processing, tracking, computer vision, etc. It is an alternative to the Kalman ... Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning. ...
In artificial neural networks, sometimes non-smooth functions are used instead for efficiency; these are known as hard sigmoids ... From Natural to Artificial Neural Computation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 930. pp. 195-201. doi:10.1007/3-540-59497-3_ ... ISBN 978-0-07-042807-2.. In particular see "Chapter 4: Artificial Neural Networks" (in particular pp. 96-97) where Mitchell ... IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks. 11 (6): 1458-1464. doi:10.1109/72.883477. PMID 18249869. S2CID 14456885. Smith, Julius O ...
Neural Networks pp. 120-129. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer. Abu-Mostafa, Y. S. (1990). "Learning from hints in ... Large scale machine learning projects such as the deep convolutional neural network GoogLeNet, an image-based object classifier ... Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 2008 Zhou, J., Chen, J., & Ye, J. (2011). Clustered multi-task learning via ... of Computer Science The Multi-Task Learning via Structural Regularization Package Online Multi-Task Learning Toolkit (OMT) A ...
He has published the books Neural Networks - Computers with Intuition with Søren Brunak (original in Danish[non-primary source ... Neural Networks - Computers with Intuition. World Scientific Publishing Company. ISBN 978-9971-5-0939-2. Søren Brunak & Benny ... Søren Brunak & Benny Lautrup (1993). Neuronale Netze: Die Nächste Computer-Revolution. Carl Hanser Verlag. Benny Lautrup (2005 ... Lautrup (1988). Neurale Netværk - Computere med Intuition. Munksgaard. ...
"Computational Power of Neural Networks". Journal of Computer and System Sciences. 50 (1): 132-150. doi:10.1006/jcss.1995.1013. ... Schmidhuber, Jürgen (2015). "Deep learning in neural networks: An overview". Neural Networks. 61: 85-117. arXiv:1404.7828. ... Fukushima, Kunihiko (April 1980). "Neocognitron: A Self-organizing Neural Network Model for a Mechanism of Pattern The ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Hopfield, John (April 1982). "Neural networks and physical systems with emergent ...
Neural Networks, 84, 28-38. Zou (2006, JASA) Zhang and Lu (2007, Biometrika) Jiang, Yuan (2016). "Variable selection with prior ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1973. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 420-434. Gorban, A.N.; Mirkes, E.M.; Zinovyev, ...
Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 53-67. doi:10.1007/978 ... Neural Network FAQ, part 1 of 7: Introduction (txt), comp.ai.neural-nets, Sarle, W.S., ed. (1997, last modified 2002-05-17) ... weights of connections between neurons in artificial neural networks) of the model. The model (e.g. a neural net or a naive ... It is sometimes also called the development set or the "dev set". An example of a hyperparameter for artificial neural networks ...
... is a computer vision program created by Google engineer Alexander Mordvintsev that uses a convolutional neural network to find ... Synthesizing the preferred inputs for neurons in neural networks via deep generator networks. arxiv. arXiv:1605.09304. Bibcode: ... a creativity paradigm for gradient descent learning networks. IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks. doi:10.1109/ ... This can be used for visualizations to understand the emergent structure of the neural network better, and is the basis for the ...
Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 53-67. doi:10.1007/978 ... Neural networks Girosi, Federico; Michael Jones; Tomaso Poggio (1995-03-01). "Regularization Theory and Neural Networks ... These methods are most commonly employed in the training of neural networks. Prechelt gives the following summary of a naive ... Use the weights the network had in that previous step as the result of the training run. - Lutz Prechelt, Early Stopping - But ...
"Outlier Detection Using Replicator Neural Networks". Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery. Lecture Notes in Computer ... Replicator neural networks., autoencoders, variational autoencoders, long short-term memory neural networks Bayesian networks. ... European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Computational Intelligence and Machine Learning. Bruges (Belgium). He, Z.; Xu ... The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. p. 2690. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.221.1371. doi:10.1109/IJCNN.2011.6033571 ...
Neural networks are different types of simplified mathematical models of biological neural networks like those in human brains ... Institute of Computer Science. Hochreiter, S.; Schmidhuber, J. (1997). "Long Short-Term Memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): ... Low complexity neural networks are well suited for deep learning because they control the complexity in each network layer and ... If data mining is based on neural networks, overfitting reduces the network's capability to correctly process future data. To ...
Behnke, Sven (2003). Hierarchical Neural Networks for Image Interpretation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 2766. Berlin, ... At the neural network level, it is thought that processes like lateral inhibition mediate the process of competitive selection ... Zang J, Wang L, Liu Z, Zhang Q, Hua G, Zheng N (2018). "Attention-Based Temporal Weighted Convolutional Neural Network for ... This network can be related to other research as well; the dorsal attention network is tied to spatial orienting. The effect of ...
Neural Networks. 14 (4-5): 439-458. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.109.312. doi:10.1016/s0893-6080(01)00027-2. PMID 11411631. Lin, Dekang; Wu ... For example, in computer graphics, color quantization is the task of reducing the color palette of an image to a fixed number ... Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade. Springer. Csurka, Gabriella; Dance, Christopher C.; Fan, Lixin; Willamowski, Jutta; Bray ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5431. pp. 274-285. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.331.1306. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00202-1_24. ISBN 978-3- ...
Neural Networks., 18, 317-352. Bänziger, T. & Scherer, K. R. (2005). The role of intonation in emotional expressions. Speech ... 2005). Affective speech elicited with a computer game. Emotion, 5(4), 513-518. Scherer, K. R. (2005). "What are emotions? And ... 2004). Psychophysiological responses to appraisal responses in a computer game. Cognition and Emotion, 18(5), 663-688. Scherer ...
Gupta, Sanjay; Zia, R.K.P. (2001-11-01). "Quantum Neural Networks". Journal of Computer and System Sciences. 63 (3): 355-383. ... Quantum neural networks[edit]. Main article: Quantum neural network. Quantum analogues or generalizations of classical neural ... The wave function to quantum mechanics is the neuron for Neural networks. To test quantum applications in a neural network, ... to machine learning models including Neural Networks and Convolutional Neural Networks for random initial weight distribution ...
"Solar Irradiance Forecasting Using Deep Neural Networks". Procedia Computer Science. 114: 304-313. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2017.09. ...
Haykin, Simon (2009). Neural Networks and Learning Machines (Third ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc ... IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers. EC-14 (3): 326-334. doi:10.1109/pgec.1965.264137. S2CID 18251470. Archived from the ... Mehrotra, K.; Mohan, C. K.; Ranka, S. (1997). Elements of artificial neural networks (2nd ed.). MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-13328-8 ...
To process the data collected through the devices, researchers implemented neural networks such as the Stuttgart Neural Network ... The system of SignAll uses Kinect from Microsoft and other web cameras with depth sensors connected to a computer. The computer ... International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 1999. IJCNN '99. 3. pp. 2043-2046 vol.3. doi:10.1109/IJCNN.1999.832699. ISBN ... Gesture recognition for virtual reality applications using data gloves and neural networks. ...
Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks. Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at San Antonio. Avi Pfeffer. " ... A training algorithm for neural networks (PDF). IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks. pp. 401-408. doi:10.1109/ICNN ... A multilayer network of ADALINE units is known as a MADALINE. Adaline is a single layer neural network with multiple nodes ... is an early single-layer artificial neural network and the name of the physical device that implemented this network. The ...
"Convolutional neural networks for brain tumour segmentation". Insights into Imaging. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. ... Schmidhuber, J. (2015). "Deep Learning in Neural Networks: An Overview". Neural Networks. 61: 85-117. arXiv:1404.7828. doi: ... Generative Adversarial Networks (PDF). Proceedings of the International Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems ( ... Other features of Studierfenster are the automatic Cranial Implant Design with a neural network, the inpainting of Aortic ...
It combines the fundamentals of neural network, fuzzy logic, and genetic algorithm which, in turn, offers the superiority of ... Procedia Computer Science. 12th International Conference on Application of Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing, ICAFS 2016, 29-30 ... Zadeh, Lotfi A. (1994-03-01). "Fuzzy logic, neural networks, and soft computing". Communications of the ACM. 37 (3): 77-84. doi ...
Also a Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science Technical Report. 9: 1-43. Mao, K. Z. (2002). "RBF neural network center ... "Editing training data for kNN classifiers with neural network ensemble." Advances in Neural Networks-ISNN 2004. Springer Berlin ... 2012). "An approach based on probabilistic neural network for diagnosis of Mesothelioma's disease". Computers & Electrical ... 2007). "Optimization and applications of echo state networks with leaky-integrator neurons". Neural Networks. 20 (3): 335-352. ...
Brain-computer interface. *Neural development. *Neural network (artificial). *Neural network (biological). *Detection theory ... such as neural modeling, brain theory and neural networks. The proceedings of this definitional meeting were published in 1990 ... Browne, A. (1997-01-01). Neural Network Perspectives on Cognition and Adaptive Robotics. CRC Press. ISBN 9780750304559.. ... Michael A. Arbib; Shun-ichi Amari; Prudence H. Arbib (2002). The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. Cambridge, ...
1997) 2. Established therapeutic networks between County Hospital to deliver better health-care services to people in remote ... July 1983) 7. The computer-monitored resectoscope for transurethral prostatectomy was invented in 1983. 8. First successfully ... neural regeneration and repair, and epilepsy research and patient care of the nation. 3. Established National PET/Cyclotron ...
Brain-computer interface. *Neural development. *Neural network (artificial). *Neural network (biological). *Detection theory ... This computer analysis makes it possible to detect and quantify abnormal brain organization, to give a quantitative definition ... This was due in part to the advent of inexpensive methods of linking computers to traditional EEG devices. This allowed ...
Examples are Retinex, an artificial neural network[7] or a Bayesian method.[8] ... Readings in Computer Vision. Morgan-Kaufmann. ISBN 0-934613-33-8.. *^ a b "photoskop: Interactive Photography Lessons". April ...
Artificial life Artificial neural networks Brain-computer interface CoDi Cybernetics Neural ensemble Neural engineering ... One study, however, did make use of human neural stem cells grown into a network to control a robotic actuator. These cells ... Pizzi RM, Rossetti D, Cino G, Marino D, Vescovi AL, Baer W (2008). "A Cultured Human Neural Network Operates a Robotic Actuator ... Erickson J, Tooker A, Tai YC, Pine J (2008). "Caged Neuron MEA: A System for Long-Term Investigation of Cultured Neural Network ...
Bishop, J.M., Stochastic Searching Networks, Proc. 1st IEE Int. Conf. on Artificial Neural Networks, pp. 329-331, London, UK, ( ... "Planes, Trains and Ant Hills: Computer scientists simulate activity of ants to reduce airline delays". Science Daily. April 1, ... Neural Computation '98, pp. 260-266, Vienna, Austria, (1998).. *^ Nasuto, S.J., & Bishop, J.M., (1999), Convergence of the ... The use of swarm intelligence in telecommunication networks has also been researched, in the form of ant-based routing. This ...
Quantum network. *Quantum neural network. *Quantum optics. *Quantum programming. *Quantum sensing. *Quantum simulator ... Brain-computer interface. *Electroencephalography. *Mind uploading *Brain-reading. *Neuroinformatics. *Neuroprosthetics *Bionic ...
"Sparse spike coding in an asynchronous feed-forward multi-layer neural network using Matching Pursuit". Neurocomputing. 57C: ... Perrinet, Laurent U. (2015). "Sparse models for Computer Vision". Biologically Inspired Computer Vision. pp. 319-346. arXiv: ... "Neural Computation. 22 (7): 1812-1836. arXiv:0706.3177. doi:10.1162/neco.2010.05-08-795. PMC 2929690. PMID 20235818.. ... "Biologically Inspired Computer Vision. 14: 319-346. arXiv:1701.06859. doi:10.1002/9783527680863.ch14. ISBN 9783527680863. .. ...
"Neural control of computer cursor velocity by decoding motor cortical spiking activity in humans with tetraplegia". J. Neural ... Their formulation can be viewed as a shallow convolutional neural network. Layered motion estimation[edit]. In 1993, Black and ... Neural decoding and neural prosthetics[edit]. In the 2000s, Black worked with John Donoghue and others at Brown University to ... on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). CVPR. Salt Lake City, USA: IEEE Computer Society. pp. 7122-7131. Kanazawa: ...
However, production of melody and production of speech may be subserved by different neural networks. Stewart, Walsh, Frith and ... a finding that is potentially relevant for building more ergonomic music-listing based brain-computer interfaces.[83] ... Neural correlates of musical memory[edit]. A PET study looking into the neural correlates of musical semantic and episodic ... "Semantic and episodic memory of music are subserved by distinct neural networks". NeuroImage. 20 (1): 244-56. doi:10.1016/S1053 ...
Jorge Moll and Jordan Grafman, neuroscientists at the National Institutes of Health and LABS-D'Or Hospital Network (J.M.) ... provided the first evidence for the neural bases of altruistic giving in normal healthy volunteers, using functional magnetic ... is sensitive to subtle cues such as people being more helpful when there were stylized eyespots instead of a logo on a computer ... Human fronto-mesolimbic networks guide decisions about charitable donation, PNAS 2006:103(42);15623-15628 ...
One candidate neural mechanism for generating this aspect of experience is a network of regions in the frontal and parietal ... for this phenomenon is that detection of non-instrumental movements may be an indicator of attention or boredom in computer ... It is commonly assumed that the default mode network is known to be involved during mind-wandering. The default mode network is ... In addition to neural models, computational models of consciousness based on Bernard Baars' Global Workspace theory[32][page ...
Almost all "potential" AC systems (neural networks, genetic algorithms etc) are trainable, ie the abilities are not necessarily ... produce a computer model of (a process). (SOED mid-20th Century usage). If the AC machine were to contribute to its own ... In computer the pulses go in and the pulses go out, we can interpret them as text, as images, as sounds etc. The same happens ...
Brain-computer interface. *Neural development. *Neural network (artificial). *Neural network (biological). *Detection theory ... Damasio A, Geschwind N (1984). "The neural basis of language". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 7: 127-147. doi:10.1146/annurev. ... Damasio A, Tranel D, Damasio H (1990). "Face agnosia and the neural substrates of memory". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 13: ... Meyer K, Damasio A (2009). "Convergence and divergence in a neural architecture for recognition and memory". Trends in ...
It is considered a branch of computer science that is a subset of computer graphics. Brain mapping is a leading beneficiary of ... Connectomics - mapping technique showing neural connections in a nervous system.. Specific systemsEdit. *Cortical stimulation ... Human Connectome Project - 2009 NIH $30 million project to build a network map of the human brain, including structural ( ... Blob detection an area in computer vision, A blob is a region of a digital image in which some properties (such as brightness ...
Once generated from neural events, the higher order mental patterns and programs have their own subjective qualities and ... By analogy, the internet is certainly physical yet has neither of these; at best one could point to the network infrastructure ... In particular, nothing proves that an entity (e.g. a computer or robot) which would perfectly mimic human beings, and ... Interaction is mutually reciprocal between the neural and mental levels in the nested brain hierarchies. Multilevel and ...
Brain-computer interface. *Neural development. *Neural network (artificial). *Neural network (biological). *Detection theory ... Neural circuits and systems[edit]. Main articles: Neural circuit and Systems neuroscience ... Neural engineering Neural engineering uses engineering techniques to interact with, understand, repair, replace, or enhance ... Kandel ER; Schwartz JH; Jessel TM (2000). Principles of Neural Science (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-8385-7701-6.. ...
This type of communication can transmit voice, video, and telemetry through local area networks, computer networks, or across ... All of the major access networks use fiber for the bulk of the distance from the service provider's network to the customer. ... The globally dominant access network technology is EPON (Ethernet Passive Optical Network). In Europe, and among telcos in the ... Passive optical network. References[edit]. *^ Future Trends in Fiber Optics Communication (PDF). WCE, London UK. July 2, 2014. ...
Inference networks D Metzler & R Manmatha (2004). "An inference network approach to image retrieval" (PDF). Proceedings of the ... This application of computer vision techniques is used in image retrieval systems to organize and locate images of interest ... Proceedings of the 16th Conference on Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems NIPS. Coherent Language Model R Jin; J ... on Computer Vision (CVPR) 2007, Workshop on Semantic Learning Applications in Multimedia. A New Baseline for Image Annotation ...
Wilson, D. Randall, D. Randall (July 31 - August 5, 2011). Beyond Probabilistic Record Linkage: Using Neural Networks and ... Record linkage can be done entirely without the aid of a computer, but the primary reasons computers are often used for record ... Proceedings of International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. San Jose, California, USA.. ... machine learning or neural network algorithms that do not rely on these assumptions often provide far higher accuracy, when ...
Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science Vladimir Vapnik[36] William Labov[37] Yale N. Patt ... The exhibit includes an 18-foot-tall Luckey Climber climbing structure that simulates neural pathways sending messages, and an ... The Franklin Institute is a member of the Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network (NISE Net). ... The fields awarded today are "Chemistry", "Computer and Cognitive Science", "Earth and Environmental Science", "Electrical ...
Malanga M, Althaus FR (2005). "The role of poly(ADP-ribose) in the DNA damage signaling network". Biochem Cell Biol. 83 (3): ... Computer simulations and molecular dynamics approaches revealed the atomistic motions associated with the molecular recognition ... For these reasons, ΔFosB is considered a primary and causative transcription factor in creating new neural connections in the ... These newly constructed networks function very efficiently via new pathways as soon as drugs of abuse are further taken ... In ...
... network analysis, actor-network theory, gender studies, and a growing list, many of which are cross-disciplinary in nature.[39] ... though the subfield of neuropsychology combines the study of the actual neural processes with the study of the mental effects ... computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, sociology and anthropology.[16] ... social network analysis, survey research, statistical analysis, and model building, among other approaches. Since the late ...
Artificial neural networks[36]. *Living systems[37]. *New robotic approaches[36]. *Reflexive understanding[38] ... Evelyn Fox Keller, "Marrying the premodern to postmodern: computers and organism after World War II", in: M. Norton. Wise eds. ... An Unfinished Revolution? Heinz Von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory (BCL), 1958-1976. Vienna: Edition Echoraum ... developed as a course option at the Biological Computer Laboratory (BCL), where Cybernetic texts were analysed according to the ...
More dynamic models of semantic networks have been created and tested with neural network experiments based on computational ... and computer science.[2] These and other different approaches to the analysis of cognition are synthesised in the developing ... The semantic network of knowledge representation systems has been studied in various paradigms. One of the oldest paradigms is ... computers) can simulate human cognition (see also artificial intelligence). The branch of psychology that studies brain injury ...
Computer case. *Central processing unit (CPU). *HDD / SSD / SSHD. *Motherboard. *Network interface controller ... Artificial neural network *Machine learning. *Deep learning. *Neural processing unit (NPU). *Convolutional neural network ... Consequently, all serial computers and many early computers, such as the PDP-8, had a simple ALU that operated on one data bit ... Mathematician John von Neumann proposed the ALU concept in 1945 in a report on the foundations for a new computer called the ...
Recurrent neural network. *Combinatorics and dynamical systems. *Synergetics. *Systemography. Related scientists. *People in ... It argues that differential equations are more suited to modelling cognition than more traditional computer models. ... From a dynamical systems perspective, the human movement system is a highly intricate network of co-dependent sub-systems (e.g ... the network connectivity) and the global dynamics that result.. Projected dynamical systems[edit]. Projected dynamical systems ...
In 1983, as a result of their studies of computer models of neural networks, Crick and Mitchison proposed that the function of ... A portion of the book was published as "The Computer, the Eye, the Soul" in Saturday Review (1966): 53-55. ... After suggesting that it would become possible for a computer to be programmed so as to have a soul, he wondered: at what point ... REM sleep is to remove certain modes of interactions in networks of cells in the mammalian cerebral cortex; they called this ...
A computer uses the data gathered by the sensors to create multicolored 2- or 3-dimensional images that show where the compound ... The advantage of measuring the magnetic fields produced by neural activity is that they are likely to be less distorted by ... "Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography". Nature Photonics. 8 (6): 448-454. doi ... Typically used for quickly viewing brain injuries, CT scanning uses a computer program that performs a numerical integral ...
Computers operate on a single floating point number that is essentially constant from each input pixel. (The computer pixel is ... the choroidal network, which supplies the choroid and the outer retina, and the retinal network, which supplies the retina's ... the neural retina, the retinal pigmented epithelium, and the optic stalk. The neural retina contains the retinal progenitor ... Azzopardi G.; Petkov N. (2011). Detection of retinal vascular bifurcations by trainable V4-like filters, in Computer Analysis ...
Artificial Neural Networks have proven, along the last four decades, to be an important tool for modelling of the functional ... These models are the processing elements that compose an artificial neural network. In the context of chaotic neural networks, ... network). The temporal aspect comes from the fact that in chaotic neural networks the model neurons states evolve in time. The ... "Chaotic Neural Networks." In Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, ed. Juan Ramón Rabuñal Dopico, Julian Dorado and ...
Conditional Hazard Estimating Neural Networks: 10.4018/978-1-59904-849-9.ch060: Survival analysis is used when we wish to study ... Neural networks have recently been used for survival analysis; for a survey on the current use of neural networks, and some ... Neural Networks: A graphical representation of a nonlinear function. Usually represented as a directed acyclic graph. Neural ... "Conditional Hazard Estimating Neural Networks." In Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, ed. Juan Ramón Rabuñal Dopico, ...
... neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural- ... A computer built to mimic the brains neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation ... Breakthrough in building computers to mimic brains neural networks. *Download PDF Copy ... The ability to run large-scale detailed neural networks quickly and at low power consumption will advance robotics research and ...
Computer artwork of several nerve cells (neurons) forming a neural network. Neurons are responsible for passing information ... Caption: Neural network. Computer artwork of several nerve cells (neurons) forming a neural network. Neurons are responsible ... network, neural, neural network, neurite, neurites, neurological, neurology, neuron, neurone, neurones, neurons, research, ...
... : Mühlenbein, H.; Wolff, K.. Evans, D.J.:. Parallel Computing 1989. ...
InfoQ Homepage Articles The Brain is Neither a Neural Network Nor a Computer: Book Review of The Biological Mind ... The Brain is Neither a Neural Network Nor a Computer: Book Review of The Biological Mind ... Current advances in artificial intelligence, buoyed by improvements in computing speed, big data, and neural networks, have ... John von Neumann wrote The Computer and the Brain in 1957. Von Neumann noted several differences between brains and computers. ...
A Different Scenario of Neural Network Algorithms Towards Face Expression in Human Computer Interaction. ... supervised and unsupervised neural network algorithms, i.e., very useful in the analysis if face expressions. Presently the ... Provided by: International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE) Topic: Software ... there are various growing topics in the field of computer and information technologies, face expression analysis is one of the ...
Overall these results show that to study plasticity in medium-sized spiking neural networks, adequate simulation tools are ... In particular spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) creates specific demands for simulations of spiking neural networks. On ... On the other hand network simulations have to evolve over hours up to days, to capture the timescale of long-term plasticity. ... On the other hand network simulations have to evolve over hours up to days, to capture the timescale of long-term plasticity. ...
... ... Elham Alkabawi (2017). Computer-Aided Diagnosis for Early Identification of Multi-Type Dementia using Deep Neural Networks. ... dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN) for early identification of multiple types of dementia based on using the ... In recent years, numerous researchers have been seeking the development of new or improved Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) ...
A. Convolutional Neural Network Architectures. We mainly explore three convolutional neural network architectures (CifarNet [5 ... Brain tumor grading based on neural networks and convolutional neural networks. IEEE EMBC. 2015:699-702. [PubMed] ... Improving computer-aided detection using convolu-tional neural networks and random view aggregation. IEEE Trans. on Medical ... Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Computer-Aided Detection: CNN Architectures, Dataset Characteristics and Transfer ...
... neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural- ... A computer built to mimic the brains neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation ... A new brain-inspired computer takes us one step closer to simulating brain neural networks in real-time. ... A new brain-inspired computer takes us one step closer to simulating brain neural networks in real-time. by Frontiers ...
... law based on iterative learning control and get the parameters of PID controller based on the fit arithmetic in neural network ... The Parameters Fit of Iterative Learning Control Based on Neural Network. CHEN Yang,LIN Hui (Department of Automatic Control, ... law based on iterative learning control and get the parameters of PID controller based on the fit arithmetic in neural network ... 2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved. ...
adaptation, central pattern generator, computer simulation, inter segmental coordination, lamprey, locomotion, neural network, ... Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA In the same journal. Biological Cybernetics On the subject. Engineering and ... KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0550-0739 ... KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2358-7815 ...
... Gollahalli, Akshay ... BCI; Brain computer interface; Neucube; Quadrotor; Robotics; Machine learning; Spiking neural network ... A novel framework is proposed in this study that uses a spiking neural network for learning spatio-temporal and spectro- ... NeuCube uses DeSNN (Dynamic Evolving Spiking Neural Network) to classify the data and to send the commands to virtual ...
Neural Network Simulation as a Computer- Aided design Tool For Predicting Wayfinding Performance. ... In this paper the author describes the evaluation and application of an artificial neural network simulation of the cognitive ... CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design. supported by the sibling associations ... This simulation is called NAPS-PC (Network Activity Processing Simulator--PC version). This physiologically plausible model ...
... thereby improving the information processing capability of the neural network. ... realizes a method by means of which two different types of neuron information are simultaneously compatible in a neural network ... and a computer device. The method comprises: receiving neuron input information input by a preceding neuron, wherein same ... A neural network information conversion method and system, ... AND COMPUTER DEVICE. Abstract:. A neural network information ...
... where a neural network model is introduced to predict the DNBR val... ... where a neural network model is introduced to predict the DNBR values for the given reactor operating conditions. The neural ... NEURAL NETWORK MODEL FOR ON-LINE THERMAL MARGIN ESTIMATION OF A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.1992. ... The test results show that the higher level of accuracy in predicting the DNBR can be achieved by the neural network which is ...
Researcher: Graph Neural Networks and Deep Learning Cambridge (UK)Post-doc researcher ... Researcher: Human Computer Interaction - Socially Intelligent Meetings Cambridge (UK)Post-doc researcher ...
Computer Recreations, July 1989. *. Essay: From Descartes to Neural Networks. Purchase To Read More. Already purchased this ... Mathematical models of spin glasses are prototypes for complex problems in computer science, neurology and evolution ...
7 Fairly simple neural networks. 7.1 Biological basis?. 7.2 Artificial neural networks. 7.2.1 Neurons. ... Classic Computer Science Problems in Python deepens your knowledge of problem solving techniques from the realm of computer ... Source code Book Forum Source code on GitHub Classic Computer Science Problems in Swift Slideshare: Learning Computer Science ... He is the author of Dart for Absolute Beginners (Apress, 2014) and Classic Computer Science Problems in Swift (Manning, 2018). ...
... and feedback neural network models-addressing specific problems such as data fusion and data modeling. It goes on to describe a ... This work explains network dynamics, learning paradigms, and computational capabilities of feedforward, self-organization, ... Electrical and Computer Engineering. Learn more…. Subject Categories. *Computer Science*Systems & Computer Architecture* ... feedforward neural networks for functional approximation; applications of feedforward neural networks; fuzzy neural networks; ...
Computer Diagnoses Skin Cancers. Deep learning algorithm identifies skin cancers as accurately as dermatologists ... Nvidia Opens Up The "Black Box" of Its Robocars Deep Neural Network. Peering into a deep neural network just got a lot easier ... A dataset of 6.7 million robust point clouds and grasps can train your neural network to reliably pick up objects ... A chip designed to run powerful neural networks for image analysis uses one-tenth the energy a mobile GPU would ...
... and human-computer interaction it will be help to improve human decision-making. The new era and fusion of cognitive neural ... Special Issue on "Fusion of Cognitive Neural Computing Paradigms for Prevailing User Behaviour in Online Social Networks". ... Special Issue on "Fusion of Cognitive Neural Computing Paradigms for Prevailing User Behaviour in Online Social Networks" ... Cognitive neural computing for dynamic spectrum access. * Data analytics platform for detailed reporting, assessment, and ...
Program synthesis from natural language using recurrent neural networks. X.Victoria Lin, C. Wang, D. Pang, K. Vu, L. ... Neural AMR: Sequence-to-Sequence Models for Parsing and Generation. I. Konstas, S. Iyer, M. Yatskar, Y. Choi, L. Zettlemoyer, ... End-to-end Neural Coreference Resolution. K. Lee, L. He, M. Lewis, L. Zettlemoyer, Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural ... Learning a Neural Semantic Parser from User Feedback. S. Iyer, Y. Konstas, A. Cheung, J. Krishnamurthy, L. Zettlemoyer, ...
Using Neural Networks To Forecast Stock Markets 7649 words, 31 pages Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices ... With their ability to discover patterns in nonlinear and chaotic systems, neural networks offer the ability to predict market ... H.L.Premarathne Field(s) of concern Artificial Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, Image Processing, Data Classification, make-up ... Abstract This paper is a survey on the application of neural networks in forecasting stock market prices. ...
Reograms are used for developing a database for computer neural network that can diagnose eye diseases.. Sponsorship. ...
Neural networks are complicated, multidimensional, nonlinear array operations. How can we present a deep learning model ... Sure, for computers running a program it does not matter if your code is without indentations and has obscurely named variables ... I think there is a big opportunity in creating a standard neural network visualization tool, as common for neural network ... What tools are good for drawing neural network architecture diagrams? - Quora. *How do you visualize neural network ...
Neural networks in both biological settings and artificial intelligence distribute computation across their neurons to solve ... Optimizing neural networks on a brain-inspired computer. Neural networks in both biological settings and artificial ... Neural networks: artificial brains need sleep too States that resemble sleep-like cycles in simulated neural networks quell the ... Neural networks: artificial brains need sleep too. States that resemble sleep-like cycles in simulated neural networks quell ...
We are developing an algorithmic theory for brain networks, based on simple synchronized stochastic graph-based neural network ... Researchers develop speedier network analysis for a range of computer hardware The advance could boost recommendation ... Shrinking massive neural networks used to model language A new approach could lower computing costs and increase accessibility ... Clinical Intervention Prediction with Neural Networks Cognitive AI Community of Research. Applied Machine Learning Community of ...
We are developing an algorithmic theory for brain networks, based on simple synchronized stochastic graph-based neural network ... Researchers develop speedier network analysis for a range of computer hardware The advance could boost recommendation ... Shrinking massive neural networks used to model language A new approach could lower computing costs and increase accessibility ... The new type of neural network could aid decision making in autonomous driving and medical diagnosis. ...
  • This thesis proposes a novel CAD approach, integrating a stacked sparse auto-encoder (SSAE) with a two- dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN) for early identification of multiple types of dementia based on using the discriminant features, extracted from neuroimages, incorporated with the context information. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • In this study, we proposed Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to our model. (unsri.ac.id)
  • The convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm is one of the efficient techniques to recognize hand gestures. (mdpi.com)
  • Features were extracted from each lesion using a pretrained convolutional neural network (CNN) and served as input to a support vector machine classifier trained in the task of predicting likelihood of malignancy. (cdc.gov)
  • Now, a team working with the University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine have trained a convolutional neural network dubbed 'PatchFCN' that detects brain hemorrhages with remarkable accuracy. (neowin.net)
  • We used a single-stage, end-to-end, fully convolutional neural network to achieve accuracy levels comparable to that of highly trained radiologists, including both identification and localization of abnormalities that are missed by radiologists. (neowin.net)
  • Therefore, the critical state is widely assumed to be optimal for any computation in recurrent neural networks, which are used in many AI applications . (tectales.com)
  • Researchers from the HBP partner Heidelberg University and the Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization challenged this assumption by testing the performance of a spiking recurrent neural network on a set of tasks with varying complexity at - and away from critical dynamics. (tectales.com)
  • Then, you'll examine deep learning, a specialized subset of machine learning, including convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, and long short-term memory. (ed2go.com)
  • Recurrent neural networks, especially in their linear version, have provided many qualitative insights on their performance under different configurations. (google.com)
  • Our method is based on a novel fully connected Conditional Random Field (CRF) framework, where each node is an image, and consists of two deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) and one Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) that model both textual and visual node/image information. (arxiv.org)
  • One is an encoder, in this case a recurrent neural network (RNN) which takes piano sequences and learns to output a vector. (hackaday.com)
  • M. Yatskar, V. Ordonez, L. Zettlemoyer, A. Farhadi , 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) , 2017: 6335-6344. (washington.edu)
  • Blog on a one-day tutorial on Neural Networks at SIGIR 2017. (acm.org)
  • They will present their work at SIGGRAPH 2017, which spotlights the most innovative in computer graphics research and interactive techniques worldwide. (phys.org)
  • 0] A Random Walk Through EMNLP 2017 http://approximatelycorrect.com/2017/09/26/a-random-walk-through-emnlp-2017/ [1] Deep Visual-Semantic Alignments for Generating Image Descriptions http://cs.stanford.edu/people/karpathy/deepimagesent/ The beautiful: as our neural networks get richer, the meaning space will get closer to being able to represent the concepts a small child can understand, and we will get closer to human-level literacy. (slideshare.net)
  • Dr. Asari has published, and co-authored with his graduate students and colleagues, more than 590 research articles, including 96 peer-reviewed journal papers, in the areas of image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, machine learning and high performance digital system architecture design. (udayton.edu)
  • A probabilistic neural network (PNN) is a feedforward neural network, which is widely used in classification and pattern recognition problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computer artwork of several nerve cells (neurons) forming a neural network. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Using different medium-sized network models consisting of several thousands of neurons and off-the-shelf hardware, we compare the simulation speed of the simulators: Brian, NEST and Neuron as well as our own simulator Auryn. (frontiersin.org)
  • The basic identified building blocks of the CPG, generatingalternating left right burst activity, tonsist of ipsilaterallyprojecting excitatory neurons (E) and contralaterallyprojecting inhibitory neurons (C). The model neurons are connected in the same way ss has been established experimentally.Sinte several complementary mechanisms may play a role, thepotential of two different neural mechanisms have been exploredwhich can provide burst activity at the segmen tal level, andintersegmental coordination. (diva-portal.org)
  • Neural networks in both biological settings and artificial intelligence distribute computation across their neurons to solve complex tasks. (tectales.com)
  • We develop algorithms, systems and software architectures for automating reconstruction of accurate representations of neural tissue structures, such as nanometer-scale neurons' morphology and synaptic connections in the mammalian cortex. (mit.edu)
  • After the beginning of simplified neurons by McCulloch and Pitts a first beat of attention in neural networks are revealed. (samanthawinston.com)
  • The artificial neurons is a fundamental processing rudiments of neural networks which is also called simply neurons, the possessions of the synapses are depicted by connection weights that transform the result of the related input signals, and the neurons which is presented by nonlinear attributes is symbolized by a transfer function. (samanthawinston.com)
  • The output of each operational amplifier thereby corresponds to a weighted version of the input signal, which is adjusted for threshold and is also dependent on other neurons of the network. (google.com)
  • Neural networks use electronic analogs of the neurons in our brains. (hackaday.com)
  • a computer designed to imitate the workings of a human brain and its neurons, esp. (dictionary.com)
  • The activity of the units convey information and determine the temporary physical state of the network, in the same way that neurons determine the physical state of the brain through the patterns of their neural activity. (hubpages.com)
  • Sacha J. van Albada et al, Performance Comparison of the Digital Neuromorphic Hardware SpiNNaker and the Neural Network Simulation Software NEST for a Full-Scale Cortical Microcircuit Model, Frontiers in Neuroscience (2018). (phys.org)
  • pmid = {14599541}, language = {English}, rating = {0}, date-added = {2018-03-16T12:59:57GMT}, date-modified = {2018-04-04T07:59:10GMT}, abstract = {An accurate computer-assisted method able to perform regional segmentation on 3D single modality images and measure its volume is designed using a mixture of unsupervised and supervised artificial neural networks. (mfbiomarkers.com)
  • A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience . (news-medical.net)
  • By profiling simulation code we show that the run times of typical plastic network simulations encounter a hard boundary. (frontiersin.org)
  • Overall, these results show that to study plasticity in medium-sized spiking neural networks, adequate simulation tools are readily available which run efficiently on small clusters. (frontiersin.org)
  • A method used to get the control law based on iterative learning control and get the parameters of PID controller based on the fit arithmetic in neural network is introduced by the artical .The simulation shows the efficiency of the method. (cnki.com.cn)
  • In this paper the author describes the evaluation and application of an artificial neural network simulation of the cognitive map as a means of predicting wayfinding behavior in buildings. (cumincad.org)
  • This simulation is called NAPS-PC (Network Activity Processing Simulator--PC version). (cumincad.org)
  • It goes on to describe a neural network simulation software package - USTCNET and gives some segments of the program. (routledge.com)
  • Computer simulation, when done very well, with all the right physics, reveals a huge amount of information that you can't get otherwise," reports one of the lead researchers, Gregory Voth, the Haig P. Papazian Distinguished Service Professor in Chemistry. (hpcwire.com)
  • Nervous system -- Computer simulation. (powells.com)
  • Cognitive computing provides a promising solution to the industry that encompasses Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, reasoning, natural language processing, speech and vision, and human-computer interaction it will be help to improve human decision-making. (elsevier.com)
  • Computer vision is a subset of artificial intelligence focusing on how computers can extract useful information from digital images or videos-easy for us, hard for them. (ed2go.com)
  • Model developed at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory could reduce false positives and unnecessary surgeries. (mit.edu)
  • A virtual reality system from the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory could make it easier for factory workers to telecommute. (mit.edu)
  • Computer vision and machine learning expert Antonio Torralba to lead new artificial intelligence research lab. (mit.edu)
  • Computer Vision, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence. (tripod.com)
  • Members of our NLP group have served on or currently serve on the editorial boards of ACM Transactions on Information Systems, ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing, Computational Linguistics Journal, Information Retrieval, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, ISRN Artificial Intelligence, Journal of Dialog Systems, Grammars and User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction. (udel.edu)
  • These data were incorporated into a multilayer-perceptron (MLP) type artificial neural network (ANN) to model venthole production. (cdc.gov)
  • This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the most popular class of neural network, the multilayer perceptron, and shows how it can be used for system identification and control. (hut.fi)
  • PNNs are much faster than multilayer perceptron networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • PNNs can be more accurate than multilayer perceptron networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • PNN are slower than multilayer perceptron networks at classifying new cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dynamics of a single neuron, which forms one unit of a large brain network, are therefore relatively simple. (frontiersin.org)
  • The method realizes a method by means of which two different types of neuron information are simultaneously compatible in a neural network, thereby improving the information processing capability of the neural network. (wipo.int)
  • Each neuron of the neural network includes an operational amplifier receiving an input signal, the output of which is connected to a transistor. (google.com)
  • AlexNet was a breakthrough architecture, setting convolutional networks (CNNs) as the leading machine learning algorithm for large image classification. (medium.com)
  • However, no field study has been reported on estimating rapeseed stand count by the number of leaves recognized with convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery. (frontiersin.org)
  • There are a lot of techniques, methods and algorithms but this presents the facial algorithms like single layer adaptive NN, MLP, RBF, supervised and unsupervised neural network algorithms, i.e., very useful in the analysis if face expressions. (techrepublic.com)
  • Classic Computer Science Problems in Python deepens your knowledge of problem solving techniques from the realm of computer science by challenging you with time-tested scenarios, exercises, and algorithms. (manning.com)
  • Computer science problems that seem new or unique are often rooted in classic algorithms, coding techniques, and engineering principles. (manning.com)
  • Classic Computer Science Problems in Python sharpens your CS problem-solving skills with time-tested scenarios, exercises, and algorithms, using Python. (manning.com)
  • We aim to develop fully automated algorithms for mapping networks within biological brains. (mit.edu)
  • Suitable algorithms plus useful training data can enable computers to improve their production over time, effectively learning as humans do. (ed2go.com)
  • RICHARDSON, Tex., Nov. 18 - Convey Computer , the leader in hybrid-core computing, today announced the Wolverine family of coprocessors, a powerful line of application accelerators that provide application-specific hardware acceleration for key algorithms. (hpcwire.com)
  • Such algorithms typically require one to encode the given classical data set into a quantum computer to make it accessible for quantum information processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • While many proposals of quantum machine learning algorithms are still purely theoretical and require a full-scale universal quantum computer to be tested, others have been implemented on small-scale or special purpose quantum devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fusion of Neural Networks, Fuzzy Systems and Genetic Algorithms integrates neural net, fuzzy system, and evolutionary computing in system design that enables its readers to handle complexity - offsetting the demerits of one paradigm by the merits of another. (routledge.com)
  • Fusion of Neural Networks, Fuzzy Systems and Genetic Algorithms covers the spectrum of applications - comprehensively demonstrating the advantages of fusion techniques in industrial applications. (routledge.com)
  • In this talk, we will provide an overview of the existing algorithms used in neural text generation, such as sequence2sequence models, reinforcement learning, variational methods, and generative adversarial networks. (slideshare.net)
  • optimization through neural networks. (routledge.com)
  • This special issue is integrating cognitive neural computing paradigms, advanced data analytics and optimization opportunities to bring more compute to the user preferences in OSN. (elsevier.com)
  • Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices Abstract This paper is a survey on the application of neural networks in forecasting stock market prices. (divshare.com)
  • In particular spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) creates specific demands for simulations of spiking neural networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • On the other hand network simulations have to evolve over hours up to days, to capture the timescale of long-term plasticity. (frontiersin.org)
  • Putting it to work on neuromorphic hardware shows that these plasticity rules are very capable in tuning network dynamics to varying distances from criticality", says senior author Viola Priesemann, group leader at MPIDS. (tectales.com)
  • Furthermore, it establishes neuromorphic hardware as a fast and scalable avenue to explore the impact of biological plasticity rules on neural computation and network dynamics. (tectales.com)
  • In the late 1940s, D. O. Hebb created a learning hypothesis based on the mechanism of neural plasticity that became known as Hebbian learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this deeper dive into how AI works, you'll learn about artificial neural networks-basically computational models that loosely replicate the biological brain structure. (ed2go.com)
  • Spiking neural networks (SNN) are biologically inspired computational models that represent and process information internally as trains of spikes. (springer.com)
  • These computational models (neural networks) aim to model the way the human brain processes information and hence to model human behaviour. (hubpages.com)
  • This work explains network dynamics, learning paradigms, and computational capabilities of feedforward, self-organization, and feedback neural network models-addressing specific problems such as data fusion and data modeling. (routledge.com)
  • This book focuses on the subset of feedforward artificial neural networks called multilayer perceptions (MLP). (worldcat.org)
  • In a PNN, the operations are organized into a multilayered feedforward network with four layers: Input layer Pattern layer Summation layer Output layer PNN is often used in classification problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supervisor Dr. H.L.Premarathne Field(s) of concern Artificial Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, Image Processing, Data Classification, make-up Background: Women typically like to be in the centre of attraction of other the people. (divshare.com)
  • The chapters start with the design of a new fuzzy-neural controller. (routledge.com)
  • Remaining chapters discuss the application of expert systems, neural networks, fuzzy control, and evolutionary computing techniques in modern engineering systems. (routledge.com)
  • Then a customized multiplicative neural network which uses a special kind of fuzzy logic is constructed from the association rules. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In recent years, numerous researchers have been seeking the development of new or improved Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) technologies to accurately detect dementia. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • You'll learn about how computers store and interpret images, along with some of the most advanced AI applications involving facial and object detection and recognition, autonomous vehicles, and triage and early diagnosis in healthcare. (ed2go.com)
  • Application of neural networks for process fault diagnosis and safety. (cdc.gov)
  • A final performance report on neural network fault detection and diagnosis was presented. (cdc.gov)
  • At 5% to 10% noise levels, the neural net provided noise tolerant fault diagnosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The author concludes that neural networks are superior to alternatives for many problems in process fault diagnosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Diagnosis of Sleep apnea and treatment guidance will rely on a computer model prediction. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • probabilistic neural networks method to gastric endoscope samples diagnosis based on FTIR spectroscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the growing adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in breast cancer screening, we compare the performance of deep learning computer-aided diagnosis on DBT images to that of conventional full-field digital mammography (FFDM). (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, this study provides supporting evidence for the efficacy of computer-aided diagnosis on DBT in the evaluation of mass and ARD lesions. (cdc.gov)
  • Neural networks in contrast to algorithmic computers tend to learn from previously processed data. (samanthawinston.com)
  • Von Neumann noted several differences between brains and computers. (infoq.com)
  • States that resemble sleep-like cycles in simulated neural networks quell the instability that comes with uninterrupted self-learning in artificial analogs of brains. (tectales.com)
  • Artificial neural networks (ANNs), usually simply called neural networks (NNs), are computing systems vaguely inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here we apply new network analysis methods to cortical interareal connectivity networks for the cat and macaque brains. (nih.gov)
  • In human-computer interaction, a human gesture is a non-verbal communication mode, as users communicate with a computer via input devices. (mdpi.com)
  • Before we jump into network architectures, let's focus on their building blocks - layers. (medium.com)
  • Focused research and development in the field of Deep Learning, especially in recent years, has resulted in a variety of different network types, architectures, modules, training methods and data sets. (dfki.de)
  • The goal of this task area is to provide an overview of which tasks can be solved by which types of deep neural networks, and which architectures and their configuration (e.g. layers, training parameters, blocks) are suitable. (dfki.de)
  • The goal of this task area is to develop fusion approaches that fit the underlying deep neural network architectures. (dfki.de)
  • We show in a series of experiments that ODIN is compatible with diverse network architectures and datasets. (arxiv.org)
  • The finding may also explain why biological neural networks operate not necessarily at criticality, but in the dynamically rich vicinity of a critical point, where they can tune their computation properties to task requirements. (tectales.com)
  • The goal of the Theory of Computation CoR is to study the fundamental strengths and limits of computation as well as how these interact with mathematics, computer science, and other disciplines. (mit.edu)
  • The research goal was the development of neural networks for the design of chemical process hazard detection, prevention and safety systems. (cdc.gov)
  • Over the past few years, we have seen the extraordinary development of neural prosthetic technologies that can replace or enhance functions of our central nervous system. (singularityhub.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Helsinki have developed a technique in which a computer models visual perception by monitoring human brain signals. (tectales.com)
  • These layers can fuse signals from sub-networks during the feed-forward mode (in-fusion). (dfki.de)
  • Cell body: This is the place where dendrites are joined and signal is processed and passed on .Soma and nucleus do not play active role in transmission of neural signals. (samanthawinston.com)
  • The axon: It is the elongated fiber that extends from the cell body to the terminal endings and transmits neural signals. (samanthawinston.com)
  • The processing of information in the network takes place through the interaction of these units, with each unit sending excitatory or inhibitory signals to many other units. (hubpages.com)
  • With their ability to discover patterns in nonlinear and chaotic systems, neural networks offer the ability to predict market directions more accurately than current techniques. (divshare.com)
  • Neural networks are complicated, multidimensional, nonlinear array operations. (medium.com)
  • Artificial neural networks are nonlinear mapping systems whose structure is loosely based on principles observed in the nervous systems of humans and animals. (worldcat.org)
  • This algorithm utilizes a type of artificial neural network known as an Echo State Network (ESN). (colostate.edu)
  • The neural network is learned by the Back Propagation algorithm with the optimized random training data, prepared by Latin Hypercube Sampling technique on the wide range of input parameters. (begellhouse.com)
  • Werbos's (1975) backpropagation algorithm enabled practical training of multi-layer networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of ANN was derived from the Bayesian network and a statistical algorithm called Kernel Fisher discriminant analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • As shown innon-spiking, as well as biophysically detailed models, aconstant burst proportion over a wide frequency range can beachieved by modulation of the rel ative strength of adaptationin such networks. (diva-portal.org)
  • A novel framework is proposed in this study that uses a spiking neural network for learning spatio-temporal and spectro-temporal data called NeuCube. (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • NeuCube uses DeSNN (Dynamic Evolving Spiking Neural Network) to classify the data and to send the commands to virtual Quadcopter to move. (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • You'll especially enjoy the feeling of satisfaction as you crack problems that connect computer science to the real-world concerns of apps, data, performance, and even nailing your next job interview! (manning.com)
  • What is a classic computer science problem? (manning.com)
  • This community is interested in understanding and affecting the interaction between computing systems and society through engineering, computer science and public policy research, education, and public engagement. (mit.edu)
  • The robot garden provides an aesthetically pleasing educational platform that can visualize computer science concepts and encourage young students to pursue programming and robotics. (mit.edu)
  • I'm an innovation scholar studying computer science and economics. (mit.edu)
  • Within these lie novel and challenging machine learning problems serving science, social science and computer science. (mit.edu)
  • Learning computer science has unique challenges that make it harder than learning other STEM disciplines. (acm.org)
  • Women do like the raw technical aspects of computer science. (acm.org)
  • The Big IDEA and the PD Pipeline are two examples of industry-changing initiatives launched by the Computer Science Teachers Association over the past two years. (acm.org)
  • On Wednesdays at 14-16 in lecture hall T4 in computer science building , Konemiehentie 2, Otaniemi, Espoo. (hut.fi)
  • PhD student works at the intersection of urban planning and computer science. (mit.edu)
  • Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10954. (springer.com)
  • These are the most widely used neural networks, with applications as diverse as finance (forecasting), manufacturing (process control), and science (speech and image recognition). (worldcat.org)
  • This, the first edition of the book, focuses heavily on issues related to the graduate programs in computer science. (wmich.edu)
  • The doctoral program is designed to develop computer scientists with research expertise in computer science. (wmich.edu)
  • The doctoral program is designed to allow a full-time student entering with a Master of Science in Computer Science to complete all degree requirements within three years. (wmich.edu)
  • The master's program in computer science emphasizes both computer software development and the theoretical foundations of computer science. (wmich.edu)
  • The primary mission of the Department of Computer Science is the advancement of the field of computer science through teaching, research, and service. (wmich.edu)
  • Assistantships and Fellowships (Computer Science Dept.) (Look for Teaching Assistant Application. (wmich.edu)
  • Optical wireless communication network is gaining acceptance in an increasing number of sectors of science and industry, owing to its unique combination of features: Extremely high bandwidth, rapid deployment time, license and tariff-free bandwidth allocation, and low power consumption, weight, and size. (academicjournals.org)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Computer Science and Technology. (waset.org)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Computer Science and Technology are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • ICCST 2022 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Computer Science and Technology . (waset.org)
  • The collections of the Penn Libraries support the research and teaching of the six departments in the School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS): Bioengineering, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Computer and Information Science, Electrical and Systems Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics. (upenn.edu)
  • For the aforementioned reasons, this special issue focuses to address comprehensive nature of cognitive neural computing and to emphasize its character in smart thinking and learning systems, complex analysis tasks mimic human cognition and learning behaviour, prediction and control of future OSN systems. (elsevier.com)
  • Our behaviors often seem to mimic the procedures that we induce in computers. (acm.org)
  • Artificial neural networks can mimic the biological information-processing mechanism in - a very limited sense. (routledge.com)
  • Schmidhuber adopted a multi-level hierarchy of networks (1992) pre-trained one level at a time by unsupervised learning and fine-tuned by backpropagation. (wikipedia.org)
  • His lab's Deep Learning Neural Networks (such as LSTM ) based on ideas published in the "Annus Mirabilis" 1990-1991 have revolutionised machine learning and AI. (idsia.ch)
  • The test results show that the higher level of accuracy in predicting the DNBR can be achieved by the neural network which is trained with an appropriate data size. (begellhouse.com)
  • The Systems CoR is focused on building and investigating large-scale software systems that power modern computers, phones, data centers, and networks, including operating systems, the Internet, wireless networks, databases, and other software infrastructure. (mit.edu)
  • Our group's goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes. (mit.edu)
  • Typically, such a task starts with choosing an appropriate network architecture and network parameters and continues with the challenging exploitation of the multi-modal nature of input data, which in many cases contains not only visual information, but also sound and motion or text. (dfki.de)
  • They will produce patterns from data which a normal computer or human evaluation cannot. (samanthawinston.com)
  • Considering the realistic setting of noise present at the network nodes, we derive deterministic equivalents for the aforementioned MSE in the limit where the number of input data T and network size n both grow large. (google.com)
  • In prior work, the team trained a deep network on big visual data (a million images) to automatically colorize grayscale images, with no user intervention . (phys.org)
  • Before the RISC philosophy became prominent, many computer architects tried to bridge the so-called semantic gap , i.e. to design instruction sets that directly supported high-level programming constructs such as procedure calls, loop control, and complex addressing modes , allowing data structure and array accesses to be combined into single instructions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neural networks learn (or are trained) by processing examples, each of which contains a known "input" and "result," forming probability-weighted associations between the two, which are stored within the data structure of the net itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first functional networks with many layers were published by Ivakhnenko and Lapa in 1965, as the Group Method of Data Handling. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neural network being operative by outputting a forecast, the output of the output layer nodes, when presented with input data. (google.ca)
  • The training device applies a plurality of training sets to the neural network, each training set consisting of historical data, an associated statistical output and a desired forecast, with each set of training data the training device determines a difference between the forecast produced by the neural network given the training data and the desired forecast, the training device then adjusts the weights of the neural network based on the difference. (google.ca)
  • 4. The system in claim 3 wherein the training means further comprises means for applying a test data set to the neural network to determine whether training is complete. (google.ca)
  • Deep convolutional neural networks have led to breakthrough results in numerous practical machine learning tasks such as classification of images in the ImageNet data set, control-policy-learning to play Atari games or the board game Go, and image captioning. (arxiv.org)
  • They increase your anonymity online, shield your online activity from monitoring by ISPs and governments, and defend your data from hackers on shared networks such as public Wi-Fi. (bigthink.com)
  • 7. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the first product support intelligent agent is configured to collect operational data associated with the computer-related product, and wherein the second product support intelligent agent is configured to analyze the operational data collected by the first product support intelligent agent to identify an undesirable operational condition for the computer-related product. (google.com)
  • Computer-assisted enhanced volumetric segmentation magnetic resonance imaging data using a mixture of artificial neural networks. (mfbiomarkers.com)
  • and the Warren Center for Network & Data Sciences. (upenn.edu)
  • Artificial Neural Networks have proven, along the last four decades, to be an important tool for modelling of the functional structures of the nervous system, as well as for the modelling of non-linear and adaptive systems in general, both biological and non biological (Haykin, 1999). (igi-global.com)
  • for a survey on the current use of neural networks, and some previous attempts at neural network survival modeling we refer to (Bakker & Heskes, 1999), (Biganzoli et al. (igi-global.com)
  • Often referred to as artificial neural networks (ANNs), they are ideally suited to solving real-world problems in different fields. (sas.com)
  • Linear activation function based neural nets, using hyperplanes in the input units space, were considered unsuitable for the description of fault space. (cdc.gov)
  • General-purpose technique sheds light on inner workings of neural nets trained to process language. (mit.edu)
  • First of all, Telepathic-critterdrug is described as "a controversial fork of the open source artificial-life sim Critterding , a physics sandbox where blocky creatures evolve neural nets in a survival contest. (futurismic.com)
  • The ability to run large-scale detailed neural networks quickly and at low power consumption will advance robotics research and facilitate studies on learning and brain disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • In one approach for constructing BCI, a user issues instructions to a computer by performing one of several mental tasks. (colostate.edu)
  • Each subject performed four mental tasks following a visual queue on a computer screen. (colostate.edu)
  • After the validation, NAPS-PC was modified so that it could read environmental information directly from AutoCAD (a popular micro-computer-based CAD software package) drawing files, and perform 'wayfinding' tasks based on that environmental information. (cumincad.org)
  • Systems such as Siri, Alexa and Cortana are driven in part by deep learning, a type of machine learning that trains a computer to complete human-like tasks. (sas.com)
  • The assumption that criticality is beneficial for every task was not confirmed: whereas the information-theoretic measures all showed that network capacity was maximal at criticality, only the complex, memory intensive tasks profited from it, while simple tasks actually suffered. (tectales.com)
  • In this article, a study of the mean-square error (MSE) performance of linear echo-state neural networks is performed, both for training and testing tasks. (google.com)
  • The aim is to advance our knowledge of neural processing in the brain, to include learning and disorders such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. (news-medical.net)
  • It is presently unclear which computer architecture is best suited to study whole-brain networks efficiently. (news-medical.net)
  • Developed over the past 15 years and based on the structure and function of the human brain, SpiNNaker -- part of the Neuromorphic Computing Platform of the Human Brain Project -- is a custom-built computer composed of half a million of simple computing elements controlled by its own software. (news-medical.net)
  • The brain is a biological organ, and not a digital computer. (infoq.com)
  • Abstraction is the idea that the brain engages in computations much as a computer does. (infoq.com)
  • John von Neumann wrote The Computer and the Brain in 1957. (infoq.com)
  • The ideas of electrical neural circuitry , Shannon 's theories about encoding information , and questions about how information is stored in the brain, led many people to believe that there is an isomorphism between how a computer operates and how a brain operates. (infoq.com)
  • A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a device that enables a user to communicate with a computer system by voluntarily altering their mental state. (colostate.edu)
  • Neural networks are computer programs designed to imitate how the human brain learns and searches for patterns. (sas.com)
  • New research now shows how so-called "critical states" can be used to optimize artificial neural networks running on brain-inspired neuromorphic hardware. (tectales.com)
  • Machine learning is helping Penn Medicine researchers identify the size and shape of brain networks in individual children, which may be useful for understanding psychiatric disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Advances in the analysis of complex networks provide useful new approaches to understanding structural and functional properties of brain networks. (nih.gov)
  • The structural decay of the brain networks is in most respects similar to that of scale-free networks. (nih.gov)
  • This informs the understanding of the development of connectivity of the brain networks. (nih.gov)
  • Analysis and insight on brain-computer interfaces (BCI). (singularityhub.com)
  • As scientists and companies are increasingly exploring ways to interface your brain with computers, fashioning new hardware that conforms to and compliments our biological. (singularityhub.com)
  • For example, devices like brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow. (singularityhub.com)
  • When they examined all 10 brain signal patterns at once, they were able to pick out the correct word any one signal represented only 28 percent to 48 percent of the time - better than chance (which would have been 10 percent) but not good enough for a device to translate a paralyzed person's thoughts into words spoken by a computer. (futurismic.com)
  • Every time we see a face, the brain adjusts our representation of that face so its size, viewpoint, and orientation is matched to faces stored in memory, just like computer face recognition systems such as those used by Facebook and Google," explains co-author Brad Duchaine, a professor of psychological and brain sciences and the principal investigator of the Social Perception Lab at Dartmouth College. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • The brain is considered to be a network, consisting of simple units which are connected to each other. (hubpages.com)
  • Our results show that real-time simulations of different plastic network models are possible in parallel simulations in which numerical precision is not a primary concern. (frontiersin.org)
  • Unlike previous image datasets used in computer vision, ImageNet [ 1 ] offers a very comprehensive database of more than 1.2 million categorized natural images of 1000+ classes. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • What is computer vision? (sas.com)
  • You'll learn how image segmentation, feature matching and object detection all play a role in this process - and how computer vision is used for everything from detecting cancer to assessing insurance claims. (sas.com)
  • In 1998, he joined the School of Computer Engineering at Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, and led the computer vision and image processing research activities in the Center for High Performance Embedded Systems at NTU. (udayton.edu)
  • Presently the there are various growing topics in the field of computer and information technologies, face expression analysis is one of the important and rapidly growing area in image processing and biometric systems. (techrepublic.com)
  • Many computational properties are maximized when the dynamics of a network are at a "critical point", a state where systems can quickly change their overall characteristics in fundamental ways, transitioning e.g. between order and chaos or stability and instability. (tectales.com)
  • An artificial neural network is an abstraction of mathematical models of biological nervous systems. (samanthawinston.com)
  • Digital Signal Processing, Computer Architecture, Microprocessor based Systems. (tripod.com)
  • We currently don't know how to endow computer systems with a conceptual system rich enough to represent even what a small child knows. (slideshare.net)
  • ImageNet) and the revival of deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In this paper, we exploit three important, but previously understudied factors of employing deep convolutional neural networks to computer-aided detection problems. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Speech recognition, image recognition and natural language processing are all powered by deep learning, which trains a computer to learn on its own by recognizing patterns. (sas.com)
  • Using deep neural networks to make sense of unstructured text. (oreilly.com)
  • A team of researchers has proposed a new technique to leverage deep networks and AI, which allows novices, even those with limited artistic ability, to quickly produce reasonable results. (phys.org)
  • The research, entitled "Real-Time User Guided Colorization with Learned Deep Priors," is authored by a team at UC Berkeley led by Alexei A. Efros, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. (phys.org)
  • Deep networks are being more heavily used in graphics. (phys.org)
  • The mathematical analysis of deep convolutional neural networks for feature extraction was initiated by Mallat, 2012. (arxiv.org)
  • This also applies to deep neural networks (DNNs), which are considered already to be very promising in the next years, but are expected to be even more relevant for Level 4 and 5 applications. (all-electronics.de)
  • The new era and fusion of cognitive neural network paradigms with reference to Online Social Networks (OSN) has three main components: (a) adapts and learns from user preferences and responses, (b) builds and evaluates evidence based hypothesis, and (c) Understands natural language and human interactions. (elsevier.com)
  • Furthermore, there are many noteworthy issues (opinion mining, link prediction, recommender system, community detection etc) that need to be addressed in the context of cognitive neural computing and user behaviour for the OSN. (elsevier.com)
  • The training of a neural network from a given example is usually conducted by determining the difference between the processed output of the network (often a prediction) and a target output. (wikipedia.org)
  • Probabilistic Neural Networks to the Class Prediction of Leukemia and Embryonal Tumor of Central Nervous System. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nature 429 p 501 ), Gauss (mathematician of the millennium), Leibniz (inventor of the bit), Schickard (father of the computer age), Solomonoff (theory of optimal prediction), Darwin (Nature 452 p 530), Haber & Bosch (1913: most influential invention of the 20th century), Archimedes (greatest scientist ever? (idsia.ch)
  • probabilistic neural networks in modelling structural deterioration of stormwater pipes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Application of probabilistic neural networks to population pharmacokineties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ship Identification Using Probabilistic Neural Networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Probabilistic Neural Network-Based sensor configuration management in a wireless ad hoc network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Probabilistic Neural Network in character recognizing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Probabilistic neural networks: a brief overview of theory, implementation, and application. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Neural Information Processing (ICONIP2020). (dfki.de)
  • This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN'97, held in Lausanne, Switzerland,in October 1997. (springer.com)
  • This paper proposes a method based on genetic neural network to predict the indoor PM2.5. (springer.com)
  • In order to assess the short-term memory performance of non-linear random neural networks, we introduce a measure to quantify the dependence of a neural representation upon the past context. (google.com)
  • Tested for accuracy, speed and energy efficiency, this custom-built computer named SpiNNaker, has the potential to overcome the speed and power consumption problems of conventional supercomputers. (news-medical.net)
  • The simulations run on NEST and SpiNNaker showed very similar results,' reports Steve Furber, co-author and Professor of Computer Engineering at the University of Manchester, UK. (news-medical.net)
  • Circuit Theory, Solid State Devices and Circuits, Computer Aided Network Design. (tripod.com)
  • A step-by-step tutorial to build generative models through generative adversarial networks (GANs) to generate a new image from existing images. (oreilly.com)
  • Both enjoyable and enlightening, Computer Age Statistical Inference is written especially for those who want to hear the big ideas, and see them instantiated through the essential mathematics that defines statistical analysis. (cambridge.org)
  • Computer Age Statistical Inference offers a refreshing view of modern statistics. (cambridge.org)
  • This physiologically plausible model represents knowledge about the layout of the environment through a network of inter-connected processing elements. (cumincad.org)
  • A new approach for on-line thermal margin monitoring of a PWR core is proposed in this paper, where a neural network model is introduced to predict the DNBR values for the given reactor operating conditions. (begellhouse.com)
  • Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts (1943) opened the subject by creating a computational model for neural networks. (wikipedia.org)