Autonomic Nerve Block
Dental Pulp Test
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Spinal Nerve Roots
Nerve Growth Factor
Nerve Growth Factors
Nerve Compression Syndromes
Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment
Home Infusion Therapy
Optic Nerve Injuries
Nerve Fibers, Myelinated
Optic Nerve Diseases
Sympathetic Nervous System
Facial Nerve Injuries
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
Cranial Nerve Neoplasms
Facial Nerve Diseases
Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve
Adult circumcision. (1/1198)Adult circumcision can be performed under local or regional anesthesia. Medical indications for this procedure include phimosis, paraphimosis, recurrent balanitis and posthitis (inflammation of the prepuce). Nonmedical reasons may be social, cultural, personal or religious. The procedure is commonly performed using either the dorsal slit or the sleeve technique. The dorsal slit is especially useful in patients who have phimosis. The sleeve technique may provide better control of bleeding in patients with large subcutaneous veins. A dorsal penile nerve block, with or without a circumferential penile block, provides adequate anesthesia. Informed consent must be obtained. Possible complications of adult circumcision include infection, bleeding, poor cosmetic results and a change in sensation during intercourse. (+info)
Ropivacaine or 2% mepivacaine for lower limb peripheral nerve blocks. Study Group on Orthopedic Anesthesia of the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Intensive Care. (2/1198)BACKGROUND: Intra- and postoperative clinical properties of sciatic-femoral nerve block performed with either ropivacaine at different concentrations or mepivacaine have been evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, blinded study. METHODS: Adult patients scheduled for foot and ankle surgery were randomized to receive combined sciatic-femoral nerve block with 225 mg of either 0.5% (n = 83), 0.75% (n = 87), or 1% (n = 86) ropivacaine, or with 500 mg of 2% mepivacaine (n = 84). A thigh tourniquet was used in all patients. Onset time, adequacy of surgical anesthesia, time to offset of nerve block, and time until first postoperative requirement for pain medication were evaluated by a blinded observer. RESULTS: The adequacy of nerve block was similar in the four treatment groups (the ratios between adequate:inadequate: failed blocks were 74:9:0 with 0.5% ropivacaine, 74:13:0 with 0.75% ropivacaine, 78:8:0 with 1% ropivacaine, and 72:12:0 with 2% mepivacaine). The onset of the block was slower with 0.5% ropivacaine than with other anesthetic solutions (P < 0.001). Regardless of the concentration, ropivacaine produced a longer motor blockade (10.5+/-3.8 h, 10.3+/-4.3 h, and 10.2+/-5.1 h with 0.5%, 0.75%, and 1% ropivacaine, respectively) than with mepivacaine (4.3+/-2.6 h; P < 0.001). The duration of postoperative analgesia was shorter after mepivacaine (5.1+/-2.7 h) than after ropivacaine (12.2+/-4.1 h, 14.3+/-5 h, and 14.5+/-3.4 h, with 0.5%, 0.75%, or 1% ropivacaine, respectively; P < 0.001). Pain relief after 0.5% ropivacaine was 14% shorter than 0.75% or 1% ropivacaine (P < 0.05). During the first 24 h after surgery, 30-37% of patients receiving ropivacaine required no analgesics compared with 10% of those receiving mepivacaine (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that 0.75% ropivacaine is the most suitable choice of local anesthetic for combined sciatic-femoral nerve block, providing an onset similar to mepivacaine and prolonged postoperative analgesia. (+info)
Clinically safe dosage of felypressin for patients with essential hypertension. (3/1198)Hemodynamic changes were evaluated in patients with essential hypertension when felypressin of various concentrations was administered. The parameters studied were systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, heart rate, left ventricular systolic phase, and endocardial viability ratio. Results showed that blood pressure tended to increase, and the value of 1/pre-ejection period2 (PEP2) tended to decrease, upon administration of 3 ml of 2% propitocaine containing 0.06 international units/ml (IU/ml) of felypressin. Significant increase of blood pressure and decrease in 1/PEP2 was noted upon administration of 3 ml of anesthetic solution containing 0.13 IU/ml of felypressin. No ischemic change of the myocardium was detected even with the highest felypressin concentration (3 ml of 2% propitocaine containing 0.25 IU/ml of felypressin). These results suggest that the clinically safe dosage of felypressin for patients with essential hypertension is approximately 0.18 IU. This amount is equivalent to 6 ml of 3% propitocaine with 0.03 IU/ml of felypressin, which is a commercially available local anesthetic for dental use. It seems that the decrease in 1/PEP2 that occurred during blood pressure increase was due to the increase in afterload caused by contraction of the arterioles. Although in the present study no ischemic change was noted, special care should be taken to prevent myocardial ischemia in patients with severe hypertension. (+info)
Prolonged diplopia following a mandibular block injection. (4/1198)A case is presented in which a 14-yr-old girl developed diplopia after injection of the local anesthetic Xylotox E 80 A (2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine). Since the complication had a relatively slow onset and lasted for 24 hr, the commonly suggested explanations based on vascular, lymphatic, and neural route theories do not adequately fit the observations. No treatment, other than reassurance, was necessary, and the patient recovered fully. (+info)
Efficacy of mandibular topical anesthesia varies with the site of administration. (5/1198)This study compared the threshold of pain sensitivity in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold with the posterior. This was followed by a comparison of the reduction of needle insertion pain in the anterior mucobuccal fold and the pterygo-temporal depression by either topical anesthesia or nitrous oxide inhalation. The pain threshold was determined by an analgometer, a pain-measuring device that depends on pressure readings; additionally, pain caused by a needle inserted by a normal technique was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). The threshold of pain was significantly lower in the incisor and canine regions than in the premolar and the molar regions (P < 0.001). Compared to a placebo, topical anesthesia significantly reduced the pain from needle insertion in the mucobuccal fold adjacent to the mandibular canine (P < 0.001), but did not significantly reduce pain in the pterygotemporal depression. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not significantly alter pain reduction compared to a control of 100% oxygen. These results suggest that topical anesthesia application may be effective in reducing the pain of needle insertion in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold, but may not be as effective for a standard inferior alveolar nerve block. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not lead to a significant improvement. (+info)
Anti-ganglioside antibodies can bind peripheral nerve nodes of Ranvier and activate the complement cascade without inducing acute conduction block in vitro. (6/1198)The neurophysiological effects of nine neuropathy-associated human anti-ganglioside antisera, three monoclonal antibodies to ganglioside GM1 (GM1) and of the cholera toxin B subunit (a GM1 ligand) were studied on mouse sciatic nerve in vitro. GM1 antisera and monoclonal antibodies from patients with chronic motor neuropathies and Guillain-Barre syndrome, and GQ1b/ disialosyl antisera and monoclonal antibodies from patients with chronic ataxic neuropathies and Miller Fisher syndrome were studied. In vitro recording, for up to 6 h, of compound nerve action potentials, latencies, rise times and stimulus thresholds from isolated desheathed sciatic nerve was performed in the presence of antiganglioside antibodies and fresh human serum as an additional source of complement. No changes were observed over this time course, with 4-6 h values for all electrophysiological parameters being within 15% of the starting values for both normal and antibody containing sera and for the cholera toxin B subunit. Parallel experiments on identically prepared desheathed nerves performed with 0.5 nM saxitoxin led to complete conduction block within 10 min of application. Under identical conditions to those used for electrophysiological recordings, quantitative immunohistological evaluation revealed a significant increase in IgM (immunoglobulin M) deposition at nodes of Ranvier from 5.3+/-3.1% to 28.7+/-8.4% (mean+/-SEM) of desheathed nerves exposed to three normal and three antibody containing sera, respectively (P < 0.03). Complement activation was seen at 100% of normal and 79% of disease-associated IgM positive nodes of Ranvier. These data indicate that anti-ganglioside antibodies can diffuse into a desheathed nerve, bind to nodes of Ranvier and fix complement in vitro without resulting in any overt physiological deterioration of the nerve over 4-6 h. This suggests that the node of Ranvier is relatively resistant to acute antiganglioside antibody mediated injury over this time scale and that anti-ganglioside antibodies and the cholera toxin B subunit are unlikely to have major direct pharmacological effects on nodal function, at least in comparison with the effect of saxitoxin. This in vitro sciatic nerve model appears of limited use for analysing electrophysiologically the effects of anti-ganglioside antibodies on nerve function, possibly because its short-term viability and isolation from circulating systemic factors do not permit the evolution of an inflammatory lesion of sufficient magnitude to induce overt electrophysiological abnormalities. In vivo models may be more suitable for identifying the effects of these antibodies on nerve conduction. (+info)
Conduction block in carpal tunnel syndrome. (7/1198)Wrist extension was performed in six healthy subjects to establish, first, whether it would be sufficient to produce conduction block and, secondly, whether the excitability changes associated with this manoeuvre are similar to those produced by focal nerve compression. During maintained wrist extension to 90 degrees, all subjects developed conduction block in cutaneous afferents distal to the wrist, with a marked reduction in amplitude of the maximal potential by >50%. This was associated with changes in axonal excitability at the wrist: a prolongation in latency, a decrease in supernormality and an increase in refractoriness. These changes indicate axonal depolarization. Similar studies were then performed in seven patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The patients developed conduction block, again with evidence of axonal depolarization prior to block. Mild paraesthesiae were reported by all subjects (normals and patients) during wrist extension, and more intense paraesthesiae were reported following the release of wrist extension. In separate experiments, conduction block was produced by ischaemic compression, but its development could not be altered by hyperpolarizing currents. It is concluded that wrist extension produces a 'depolarization' block in both normal subjects and patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, much as occurs with ischaemic compression, but that this block cannot be altered merely by compensating for the axonal depolarization. It is argued that conduction slowing need not always be attributed to disturbed myelination, and that ischaemic compression may be sufficient to explain some of the intermittent symptoms and electrodiagnostic findings in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, particularly when it is of mild or moderate severity. (+info)
Respiratory effects of low-dose bupivacaine interscalene block. (8/1198)In this double-blind study, interscalene brachial plexus (ISBP) block was performed in 11 volunteers using 10 ml of either 0.25% (n = 6) or 0.5% (n = 5) bupivacaine with epinephrine 1:200,000. Diaphragmatic excursion, respiratory function and neural function were assessed for 90 min. Our results showed that hemidiaphragmatic excursion declined significantly after block in the 0.5% group and paradoxical movement during inspiration was more common than in the 0.25% group. Forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s declined significantly in the 0.5% group (mean 74.6 (SD 13.0)% and 78.2 (19.9)% of baseline, respectively) but not in the 0.25% group. Sensory anaesthesia in the upper limb was found consistently in both groups, although biceps paralysis occurred earlier after 0.5% bupivacaine. We conclude that ISBP block using 10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine provided upper limb anaesthesia to pinprick in C5-6 dermatomes with only occasional interference with respiratory function. (+info)
Anesthetics, Local are medications that are used to numb a specific area of the body, such as a tooth or a surgical site, to reduce pain and discomfort during a procedure. These medications work by blocking the transmission of pain signals from the nerves in the affected area to the brain. Local anesthetics are typically administered by injection, cream, or spray, and their effects can last for several hours. There are several types of local anesthetics, including lidocaine, benzocaine, and novocaine, each with its own specific properties and uses. Local anesthetics are commonly used in dentistry, surgery, and other medical procedures where a patient needs to be numbed for a specific area of the body.
Autonomic nerve block is a medical procedure that involves blocking the transmission of signals from the autonomic nervous system to a specific area of the body. The autonomic nervous system is responsible for regulating involuntary bodily functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and breathing. Autonomic nerve blocks are commonly used to treat various conditions such as chronic pain, migraines, and certain types of headaches. The procedure involves injecting a local anesthetic or a combination of local anesthetic and a muscle relaxant into the affected area. This blocks the transmission of signals from the autonomic nerves to the targeted area, which can help to reduce pain and other symptoms. Autonomic nerve blocks are typically performed on an outpatient basis and can be done using various techniques, including ultrasound guidance or electrical stimulation. The procedure is generally safe and well-tolerated, although there is a small risk of complications such as infection, bleeding, or nerve damage.
Bupivacaine is a local anesthetic medication that is commonly used in the medical field for spinal and epidural anesthesia. It is a type of amide local anesthetic that is derived from cocaine and is used to numb a specific area of the body, such as the lower back or limbs, during surgery or other medical procedures. Bupivacaine is available in various forms, including solutions, gels, and injections, and is typically administered by a healthcare professional. It is a powerful local anesthetic that can provide long-lasting pain relief, but it can also have side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and allergic reactions.
Lidocaine is a local anesthetic medication that is commonly used to numb a specific area of the body during medical procedures or surgeries. It works by blocking the transmission of pain signals from the nerves to the brain. Lidocaine is available in various forms, including topical creams, gels, ointments, and injections. It is also used to treat certain types of abnormal heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation, and to relieve symptoms of neuropathy, a condition in which the nerves are damaged or diseased. Lidocaine is generally considered safe when used as directed, but it can cause side effects such as dizziness, nausea, and allergic reactions in some people.
Mepivacaine is a local anesthetic medication that is commonly used in dentistry and surgery to numb a specific area of the body. It is a type of amide local anesthetic, which means that it works by blocking the transmission of pain signals from nerve endings to the brain. Mepivacaine is available in both injectable and topical forms, and it is typically used to numb the skin, nerves, and muscles in the area being treated. It is a relatively short-acting local anesthetic, with a duration of action of about 2-4 hours, and it is often used in combination with other medications to provide longer-lasting anesthesia. Mepivacaine is generally considered to be safe and effective when used as directed, but like all medications, it can cause side effects in some people. These may include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and allergic reactions.
The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that arises from the spinal cord in the neck and extends down the arm. It is responsible for controlling movement and sensation in the arm, hand, and shoulder. The brachial plexus is formed by five nerves: the C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1 nerves. These nerves exit the spinal cord and join together to form the brachial plexus, which then branches out to innervate the muscles and skin of the arm and shoulder. Damage to the brachial plexus can result in weakness or paralysis of the arm and hand, as well as numbness or tingling in the affected area.
Pain, Postoperative refers to the discomfort or pain experienced by a patient after undergoing surgery. It is a common and expected complication of surgery, and can range from mild to severe. Postoperative pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including tissue damage, inflammation, and nerve stimulation. It is typically managed with a combination of pain medications, such as opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and local anesthetics, as well as other treatments such as physical therapy, ice packs, and relaxation techniques. Proper management of postoperative pain is important for promoting healing, reducing the risk of complications, and improving the patient's overall comfort and quality of life.
Dental anesthesia is a type of anesthesia that is used to numb the mouth and teeth during dental procedures. It is typically administered by a dentist or dental anesthesiologist and can be either local or general anesthesia. Local anesthesia numbs a specific area of the mouth, such as a tooth or a small area around the tooth, and is commonly used for procedures such as fillings, extractions, and root canals. General anesthesia, on the other hand, numbs the entire body and is used for more extensive procedures such as wisdom tooth removal or oral surgery. Dental anesthesia is an important part of dental care, as it helps to ensure that patients are comfortable and pain-free during dental procedures. It is also important to note that dental anesthesia is safe and effective when administered by a qualified healthcare professional.
In the medical field, amides are a class of organic compounds that contain a nitrogen atom bonded to two carbon atoms. They are commonly used as drugs and are often referred to as "amide derivatives." One example of an amide derivative used in medicine is acetaminophen, which is commonly sold under the brand name Tylenol. It is used to relieve pain and reduce fever. Another example is aspirin, which is also an amide derivative and is used to relieve pain, reduce fever, and thin the blood. Amides can also be used as local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, which is used to numb the skin and nerves during medical procedures. They can also be used as muscle relaxants, such as succinylcholine, which is used to relax muscles during surgery. Overall, amides play an important role in medicine as they have a wide range of therapeutic applications and are often used to treat various medical conditions.
Anesthesia, conduction is a type of regional anesthesia that involves numbing a specific area of the body by blocking the transmission of pain signals along a nerve pathway. This is achieved by injecting a local anesthetic solution into the tissue surrounding the nerve or by injecting the anesthetic directly into the nerve itself. Conduction anesthesia is commonly used for surgeries or procedures that require only a small area of the body to be numbed, such as dental procedures, certain types of orthopedic surgeries, and some types of gynecological procedures. It is also used for pain management in conditions such as shingles, postoperative pain, and chronic pain. There are several types of conduction anesthesia, including nerve blocks, plexus blocks, and spinal blocks. Each type of block targets a specific nerve or nerve pathway, providing anesthesia to the area supplied by that nerve.
Peripheral nerve injuries refer to damage or trauma to the nerves that are located outside of the brain and spinal cord. These nerves are responsible for transmitting signals between the central nervous system and the rest of the body, allowing us to feel sensations, move our muscles, and control our organs. Peripheral nerve injuries can occur as a result of a variety of factors, including trauma, compression, infection, or disease. Symptoms of peripheral nerve injuries can vary depending on the location and severity of the injury, but may include numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of sensation in the affected area. Treatment for peripheral nerve injuries depends on the cause and severity of the injury. In some cases, conservative treatments such as physical therapy or medication may be sufficient to manage symptoms and promote healing. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged nerve tissue.
Ambulatory surgical procedures, also known as outpatient procedures, are surgical procedures that are performed on patients who are not admitted to the hospital overnight. These procedures are typically less invasive and have a lower risk of complications compared to inpatient procedures. Ambulatory surgical procedures can be performed in a variety of settings, including ambulatory surgery centers, hospital outpatient departments, and physician offices. They are often used for procedures that do not require a prolonged recovery period, such as hernia repair, cataract surgery, and certain types of orthopedic procedures. Before undergoing an ambulatory surgical procedure, patients will typically undergo a pre-operative evaluation to assess their overall health and determine if they are suitable candidates for the procedure. They will also be given instructions on how to prepare for the procedure, including fasting and taking any necessary medications. After the procedure, patients will typically be monitored for a short period of time in a recovery area before being discharged. They will be given instructions on how to care for their incision and any other post-operative instructions.
In the medical field, analgesia refers to the relief of pain without loss of consciousness. It is a common medical intervention used to manage pain caused by various conditions, such as surgery, injury, illness, or chronic conditions. There are different types of analgesia, including: 1. Local analgesia: This type of analgesia involves the use of numbing agents to block pain signals in a specific area of the body, such as during a dental procedure or surgery. 2. Systemic analgesia: This type of analgesia involves the use of medications that are absorbed into the bloodstream and affect the entire body to relieve pain. Examples include opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and acetaminophen. 3. Neuromodulation: This type of analgesia involves the use of electrical or magnetic stimulation to alter the way the nervous system processes pain signals. Analgesia is an important part of pain management and can help improve a patient's quality of life by reducing pain and discomfort. However, it is important to use analgesia appropriately and with caution, as it can also have side effects and risks, such as addiction, respiratory depression, and constipation.
Prilocaine is a local anesthetic medication that is commonly used to numb the skin and nerves during medical procedures such as dental work, minor surgeries, and dermatological procedures. It is a member of the amide class of local anesthetics and is available in both injectable and topical forms. Prilocaine works by blocking the transmission of pain signals from nerve endings to the brain. It is usually administered in combination with epinephrine, which helps to constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding during procedures. Prilocaine is generally considered safe when used as directed, but like all medications, it can cause side effects. Common side effects of prilocaine include itching, redness, and swelling at the site of injection. More serious side effects are rare but can include allergic reactions, seizures, and changes in heart rate or blood pressure. Overall, prilocaine is a useful medication for numbing the skin and nerves during medical procedures, but it should only be used under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional.
Adjuvants, anesthesia are substances that are used to enhance the effectiveness of an anesthetic agent. They are typically used in conjunction with the anesthetic to provide a more complete and effective block of pain and other sensations during surgery or other medical procedures. There are several different types of adjuvants that can be used with anesthesia, including opioids, non-opioid analgesics, and local anesthetics. Opioids, such as morphine or fentanyl, are used to provide pain relief and sedation during surgery. Non-opioid analgesics, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can also be used to provide pain relief. Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine or bupivacaine, are used to numb a specific area of the body before surgery or other procedures. Adjuvants can be administered in a variety of ways, including intravenously, orally, or topically. They are typically used in combination with an anesthetic agent to provide a more complete and effective block of pain and other sensations during surgery or other medical procedures.
Anesthesia, Local is a type of anesthesia that numbs a specific area of the body, such as a hand, arm, leg, or foot, without causing general anesthesia. Local anesthesia is commonly used during minor surgical procedures, dental procedures, and other medical procedures that require only a small area of the body to be numbed. Local anesthesia is typically administered by injecting a numbing medication, such as lidocaine or bupivacaine, into the affected area. The medication blocks the transmission of pain signals to the brain, resulting in numbness and a loss of sensation in the treated area. Local anesthesia can be administered in different ways, including topical anesthesia, infiltration anesthesia, and nerve block anesthesia. Topical anesthesia involves applying a numbing cream or gel to the skin, while infiltration anesthesia involves injecting the numbing medication directly into the tissue. Nerve block anesthesia involves injecting the numbing medication into a nerve, which can result in numbness in a larger area of the body. Overall, local anesthesia is a safe and effective way to provide pain relief during minor medical procedures, and it has a lower risk of complications compared to general anesthesia.
Femoral neuropathy is a medical condition that affects the femoral nerve, which is the largest nerve in the human body. The femoral nerve runs from the lower back down through the pelvis and into the thigh, providing sensation and movement to the muscles in the leg and hip. Femoral neuropathy can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, compression, or disease. Symptoms of femoral neuropathy may include weakness or numbness in the leg, difficulty walking or standing, and pain or tingling in the thigh or groin. Diagnosis of femoral neuropathy typically involves a physical examination and imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan. Treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause of the condition.
Heart block is a condition in which the electrical signals that regulate the heartbeat are slowed or blocked as they travel through the heart's conduction system. This can cause the heart to beat too slowly (bradycardia) or irregularly, which can lead to symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, and shortness of breath. There are three main types of heart block: first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree. First-degree heart block is the mildest form and usually does not cause any symptoms. Second-degree heart block is more serious and can cause symptoms, especially if it is caused by an underlying heart condition. Third-degree heart block is the most serious form and can lead to life-threatening complications if not treated promptly. Heart block can be caused by a variety of factors, including damage to the heart muscle, certain medications, and inherited conditions. Treatment options depend on the severity of the heart block and the underlying cause. In some cases, a pacemaker may be necessary to regulate the heartbeat.
Analgesia, Patient-Controlled (PCA) is a type of pain management technique used in the medical field to provide relief from moderate to severe pain. PCA involves the use of a device that allows the patient to self-administer pain medication as needed, usually through an intravenous (IV) catheter. The device typically consists of a pump that delivers a predetermined amount of pain medication, such as morphine or fentanyl, at regular intervals or on demand. The patient can control the dosage of medication by pressing a button on the device, which releases a predetermined amount of medication into the bloodstream. PCA is often used in patients who are recovering from surgery or who have chronic pain conditions such as cancer or fibromyalgia. It allows patients to have more control over their pain management and can help reduce the risk of opioid-related side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. However, PCA can also be associated with risks such as medication overdose, device malfunction, and infection. Therefore, it is typically used under the supervision of a healthcare provider and with careful monitoring of the patient's pain levels and medication use.
Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) is a protein that plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of the nervous system. It is produced by various cells, including neurons, glial cells, and some immune cells. NGF is involved in the survival, growth, and differentiation of neurons, particularly sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system. It also plays a role in the development of the sympathetic nervous system and the enteric nervous system. In addition to its role in the nervous system, NGF has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects, and it has been studied for its potential therapeutic applications in various neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis. NGF is also involved in the development and progression of cancer, and it has been shown to promote the growth and survival of some cancer cells. As a result, it has been targeted as a potential therapeutic target in cancer treatment.
Nerve growth factors (NGFs) are a group of proteins that play a crucial role in the development, maintenance, and repair of the nervous system. They are primarily produced by neurons and Schwann cells, which are glial cells that wrap around and support neurons. NGFs are involved in a variety of processes related to the nervous system, including the growth and survival of neurons, the regulation of synaptic plasticity, and the modulation of pain perception. They also play a role in the development of the peripheral nervous system, including the formation of sensory and motor neurons. In the medical field, NGFs have been studied for their potential therapeutic applications in a variety of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and traumatic brain injury. They have also been investigated as a potential treatment for peripheral neuropathy, a condition characterized by damage to the nerves that carry sensory and motor signals to and from the body's extremities.
Anesthesia, spinal, also known as spinal anesthesia, is a type of regional anesthesia that numbs the lower half of the body, including the legs and lower abdomen. It is commonly used for surgeries on the lower half of the body, such as cesarean sections, hip replacements, and knee replacements. During spinal anesthesia, a small amount of anesthetic medication is injected into the spinal fluid, which surrounds the spinal cord. The medication numbs the nerves in the lower half of the body, causing a loss of sensation and pain relief. The patient is awake and able to communicate during the procedure, but they will not feel any pain or discomfort in their lower body. Spinal anesthesia is typically performed by an anesthesiologist or a trained nurse anesthetist. The procedure is usually done in a hospital setting and takes about 10-15 minutes to perform. The patient will need to lie on their back with their legs bent and feet flat on the table. The anesthetic medication is injected into the lower back, and the patient may feel a brief prick or pressure as the medication is injected. After spinal anesthesia, the patient may experience some side effects, such as headache, nausea, and low blood pressure. However, these side effects are usually temporary and can be managed with medication. Spinal anesthesia is a safe and effective method of anesthesia for many types of surgeries on the lower half of the body.
Cranial nerves are a group of twelve pairs of nerves that emerge from the brainstem and are responsible for controlling various functions of the head and neck. These nerves are responsible for transmitting sensory information, such as touch, taste, and smell, as well as controlling movement and regulating vital functions such as heart rate and blood pressure. The cranial nerves are numbered and named according to their location and function. Some of the most well-known cranial nerves include the optic nerve (which carries visual information), the olfactory nerve (which carries information about smell), and the trigeminal nerve (which controls sensation in the face and head).
Nerve compression syndromes are a group of conditions that occur when a nerve is compressed or pinched, leading to pain, numbness, weakness, or other symptoms. These conditions can affect any nerve in the body, but are most commonly seen in the neck, back, and extremities. There are several types of nerve compression syndromes, including carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, radial tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, and sciatica. These conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, including repetitive motions, poor posture, injury, or underlying medical conditions such as arthritis or diabetes. Treatment for nerve compression syndromes typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the compression, such as through physical therapy, medication, or surgery. In some cases, lifestyle changes such as improving posture or modifying work habits may also be recommended to prevent further compression of the affected nerve.
Inguinal hernia is a medical condition in which a part of an organ or tissue, such as the intestines or bladder, pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall and into the inguinal canal, which is a passage in the groin area. This can cause a bulge or swelling in the groin, which may be painful or uncomfortable. Inguinal hernias are more common in men than in women and are often caused by straining during bowel movements or lifting heavy objects. Treatment for inguinal hernias may include surgery to repair the weakened abdominal wall and prevent the hernia from recurring.
Shoulder pain is a common condition that affects the shoulder joint, which is located at the point where the upper arm bone (humerus) meets the shoulder blade (scapula). Shoulder pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, or underlying medical conditions. In the medical field, shoulder pain is typically diagnosed through a physical examination, which may include assessing the range of motion of the shoulder, checking for tenderness or swelling, and testing for specific movements that may cause pain. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, or ultrasound may be ordered to help diagnose the underlying cause of the shoulder pain. Treatment for shoulder pain depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, or surgery in severe cases. It is important to seek medical attention if shoulder pain is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other symptoms such as weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the arm.
In the medical field, "Analgesics, Opioid" refers to a class of drugs that are used to relieve pain. Opioids are a subclass of analgesics that are derived from the opium poppy or synthesized in the laboratory. Opioids work by binding to specific receptors in the brain and spinal cord, which can reduce the perception of pain and produce feelings of euphoria. They are commonly used to treat moderate to severe pain, such as that caused by surgery, injury, or chronic conditions like cancer. However, opioids can also be addictive and can cause side effects such as drowsiness, nausea, constipation, and respiratory depression. As a result, they are typically prescribed only for short-term use and under close medical supervision.
Neuralgia is a medical condition characterized by pain that is felt along the path of a nerve. It is caused by damage or irritation to the nerve, which can result in a variety of symptoms, including sharp, stabbing, or burning pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness. Neuralgia can affect any nerve in the body, but it is most commonly associated with the trigeminal nerve, which supplies sensation to the face. There are several different types of neuralgia, including trigeminal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, and postherpetic neuralgia. Treatment for neuralgia typically involves medications to manage pain and other symptoms, as well as lifestyle changes and physical therapy. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat the underlying cause of the neuralgia.
Anesthesia, Epidural is a type of regional anesthesia that numbs the lower half of the body, including the legs, pelvis, and lower abdomen. It is commonly used during childbirth, surgeries involving the lower back, abdomen, or pelvis, and other procedures that require anesthesia for the lower body. During an epidural, a small catheter is inserted into the epidural space, which is a space between the spinal cord and the outer layer of the spinal canal. The catheter is then attached to a pump that delivers a local anesthetic solution to the area around the spinal cord, which numbs the nerves that control sensation in the lower body. Epidural anesthesia is generally considered safe and effective, but like all forms of anesthesia, it carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. It is important for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of epidural anesthesia with their healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure.
Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a type of headache that occurs after a head injury or trauma. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including direct injury to the head, whiplash, or concussion. PTH can be acute, meaning it lasts for a short period of time, or chronic, meaning it persists for more than three months after the injury. Symptoms of PTH may include headache, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and dizziness. Treatment for PTH may include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience a head injury or trauma, as PTH can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition.
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee is a surgical procedure in which the damaged or diseased knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The procedure is typically performed to relieve pain, improve mobility, and restore function to the knee joint. During the surgery, the damaged or diseased parts of the knee joint are removed, and the artificial joint is implanted in their place. The artificial joint is usually made up of a metal femoral component, a plastic tibial component, and a polyethylene insert that sits between them. There are several types of knee arthroplasty, including total knee arthroplasty, partial knee arthroplasty, and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. The type of arthroplasty that is recommended depends on the severity of the knee damage and the patient's overall health. Knee arthroplasty is a common surgical procedure that is performed to treat a variety of knee conditions, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis. It is generally considered to be a safe and effective treatment option for patients who are experiencing chronic knee pain and have tried other non-surgical treatments without success.
Mandibular injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the mandible, which is the lower jawbone. These injuries can range from minor fractures to more severe injuries that involve damage to the teeth, nerves, and muscles of the face. Mandibular injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including falls, sports injuries, car accidents, and physical altercations. Treatment for mandibular injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include rest, ice, pain medication, physical therapy, or surgery. In some cases, dental implants or other restorative procedures may be necessary to repair damage to the teeth or jawbone.
The cochlear nerve, also known as the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII), is the eighth cranial nerve in the human body. It is responsible for transmitting sound and balance information from the inner ear (cochlea and vestibule) to the brainstem. The cochlear nerve is a mixed nerve, meaning it contains both sensory and motor fibers. The sensory fibers carry information about sound and balance, while the motor fibers control the muscles of the middle ear. Damage to the cochlear nerve can result in hearing loss, vertigo, and balance disorders. It is an important part of the auditory system and plays a crucial role in our ability to hear and maintain balance.
Carticaine is a local anesthetic that is commonly used in medical procedures to numb the area being treated. It is a combination of lidocaine and epinephrine, which helps to constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding during the procedure. Carticaine is often used in dental procedures, as well as in surgery and other medical procedures that require anesthesia. It is administered by injection into the affected area and works by blocking the transmission of pain signals to the brain.
Intractable pain is a type of chronic pain that is resistant to conventional medical treatments, including pain medications, physical therapy, and other interventions. It is often defined as pain that persists for more than three months despite the use of appropriate medical treatment. Intractable pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including nerve damage, cancer, fibromyalgia, and other chronic illnesses. It can also be caused by psychological factors, such as depression or anxiety. Treatment for intractable pain may involve a combination of medications, physical therapy, psychological counseling, and other interventions. In some cases, more invasive treatments, such as nerve blocks or spinal cord stimulation, may be considered. However, finding effective treatment for intractable pain can be challenging, and many people with this condition continue to experience significant pain and disability.
In the medical field, analgesics are drugs that are used to relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness. They are commonly used to treat a wide range of conditions, including headaches, toothaches, menstrual cramps, and injuries. There are several types of analgesics, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and local anesthetics. NSAIDs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, work by reducing inflammation and blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that cause pain and inflammation. Opioids, such as morphine and oxycodone, work by binding to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, which reduces the perception of pain. Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, work by numbing a specific area of the body. It is important to note that while analgesics can be effective in relieving pain, they can also have side effects and may not be appropriate for everyone. It is always best to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medication.
In the medical field, pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. Pain is a complex phenomenon that involves both physical and emotional components, and it can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, illness, inflammation, and nerve damage. Pain can be acute or chronic, and it can be localized to a specific area of the body or can affect the entire body. Acute pain is typically short-lived and is a normal response to injury or illness. Chronic pain, on the other hand, persists for more than three months and can be caused by a variety of factors, including nerve damage, inflammation, and psychological factors. In the medical field, pain is typically assessed using a pain scale, such as the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), which measures pain intensity on a scale of 0 to 10. Treatment for pain depends on the underlying cause and can include medications, physical therapy, and other interventions.
Oxycodone is a prescription opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from the opium poppy and is similar in structure to other opioids such as morphine and heroin. Oxycodone works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, which can result in pain relief, sedation, and euphoria. Oxycodone is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and extended-release tablets, and is typically prescribed for short-term use only. It can be habit-forming and can lead to dependence and addiction if used improperly or for an extended period of time. Oxycodone is also a controlled substance and is regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the United States.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves the use of a small camera and specialized instruments to examine and treat problems within a joint. The camera, called an arthroscope, is inserted into the joint through a small incision, allowing the surgeon to view the joint on a video monitor. The surgeon can then use specialized instruments to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, including injuries, degenerative diseases, and joint disorders. Arthroscopy is commonly used to treat conditions in the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, wrist, and ankle joints. It is a safe and effective procedure that typically results in less pain, faster recovery times, and fewer complications compared to traditional open surgery.
Hypesthesia is a medical term that refers to an abnormal sensitivity or increased perception of touch, pressure, temperature, or pain in a specific area of the body. It is often described as a feeling of pins and needles, burning, tingling, or numbness. Hypesthesia can be caused by a variety of factors, including nerve damage, injury, inflammation, or compression. It can also be a symptom of certain medical conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, or peripheral neuropathy. In the medical field, hypesthesia is typically evaluated and treated by a neurologist or other healthcare provider who specializes in the diagnosis and management of neurological disorders. Treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause of the hypesthesia.
Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is a hormone and neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in the body's "fight or flight" response. It is produced by the adrenal glands and is released into the bloodstream in response to stress or danger. In the medical field, epinephrine is used as a medication to treat a variety of conditions, including anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction), cardiac arrest, and asthma. It works by constricting blood vessels, increasing heart rate and contractility, and relaxing smooth muscles in the bronchial tubes, which can help to open airways and improve breathing. Epinephrine is typically administered via injection, either intravenously or subcutaneously (under the skin). It is a powerful medication and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
Dexmedetomidine is a medication that is used in the medical field as a sedative and an anesthetic. It is a type of medication called a sedative-hypnotic, which is used to help people feel calm and relaxed. Dexmedetomidine is often used in medical procedures that require sedation, such as surgery or during mechanical ventilation. It is also sometimes used to help people who are experiencing difficulty sleeping or who have anxiety or agitation. Dexmedetomidine works by binding to specific receptors in the brain, which helps to reduce feelings of anxiety and sedate the body. It is usually given as an injection, but it can also be given as a nasal spray or inhaled through a mask.
Optic nerve injuries refer to any damage or trauma that affects the optic nerve, which is the main nerve responsible for transmitting visual information from the retina to the brain. These injuries can result from a variety of causes, including blunt or penetrating trauma to the eye, head or brain, infections, tumors, or other medical conditions. Optic nerve injuries can cause a range of visual symptoms, including loss of vision, decreased visual acuity, double vision, and sensitivity to light. In some cases, optic nerve injuries can be temporary and resolve on their own, while in other cases, they can be permanent and result in significant vision loss or blindness. Treatment for optic nerve injuries depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the injury. In some cases, treatment may involve medications, surgery, or other interventions to address the underlying cause of the injury. In other cases, treatment may focus on managing symptoms and preserving remaining vision.
Optic nerve diseases refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the optic nerve, which is the nerve responsible for transmitting visual information from the retina to the brain. These diseases can cause a range of symptoms, including vision loss, eye pain, and changes in visual perception. Some common optic nerve diseases include: 1. Glaucoma: A group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, often caused by elevated pressure inside the eye. 2. Optic neuritis: Inflammation of the optic nerve that can cause vision loss, eye pain, and sensitivity to light. 3. Optic atrophy: A condition in which the optic nerve becomes thin and weak, leading to vision loss. 4. Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy: A genetic disorder that causes progressive vision loss, often starting in young adulthood. 5. Optic nerve drusen: Small deposits of calcium and other minerals that can form on the optic nerve, causing vision loss. 6. Optic nerve glioma: A type of brain tumor that can affect the optic nerve, causing vision loss and other symptoms. Treatment for optic nerve diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. In some cases, medications or surgery may be used to manage symptoms or slow the progression of the disease. Early detection and treatment are important for preserving vision and preventing further damage to the optic nerve.
Anesthesia, General is a medical procedure that involves the administration of drugs to induce a state of unconsciousness and analgesia (pain relief) during a surgical or medical procedure. The goal of general anesthesia is to render the patient unconscious and unable to feel pain or respond to stimuli, allowing the surgical or medical team to perform the procedure without the patient experiencing discomfort or distress. During general anesthesia, the patient is typically administered a combination of medications, including anesthetics, muscle relaxants, and sedatives, through an intravenous (IV) line or through inhalation. The anesthetics used during general anesthesia can vary depending on the patient's age, weight, medical history, and the type of procedure being performed. After the procedure, the patient is typically awakened by administering a reversal agent to counteract the effects of the anesthetics. The patient will then be monitored for a period of time to ensure that they have fully recovered from the anesthesia before being discharged from the hospital or surgical center.
In the medical field, "Bicuspid" refers to a condition where a person has two cusps (the pointed ends of the valves in the heart) instead of the normal three. This condition is also known as "bicuspid aortic valve" or "BAV." Bicuspid aortic valve is a common congenital heart defect that affects the aortic valve, which is responsible for regulating blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body. In a bicuspid aortic valve, the two cusps may not function properly, leading to problems such as regurgitation (leaking of blood back into the heart), stenosis (narrowing of the valve), and aneurysm (ballooning of the aorta). Bicuspid aortic valve can be diagnosed through a physical examination, echocardiogram (an ultrasound of the heart), or other imaging tests. Treatment options may include medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
I'm sorry, but I couldn't find any information on a medical term called "Nordefrin." It's possible that you may have misspelled the term or that it is not a commonly used term in the medical field. Can you please provide more context or information about where you heard or saw this term?
In the medical field, "chin" refers to the prominent part of the lower jawbone, also known as the mandible. The chin is a bony structure that forms the lower part of the face and provides support for the lower lip and teeth. It is an important part of facial aesthetics and can be influenced by factors such as genetics, aging, and injury. In some cases, medical professionals may refer to the chin when discussing issues related to the jaw, such as TMJ disorders or dental problems.
The accessory nerve, also known as the cranial nerve X, is a cranial nerve that originates from the brainstem and extends down to the neck and shoulder region. It is responsible for controlling certain muscles in the neck and shoulder, including the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the trapezius muscle. The accessory nerve is composed of two branches: the spinal accessory nerve and the cranial accessory nerve. The spinal accessory nerve arises from the spinal cord and provides motor innervation to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and trapezius muscle. The cranial accessory nerve arises from the brainstem and provides motor innervation to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Damage to the accessory nerve can result in weakness or paralysis of the muscles it innervates, leading to symptoms such as difficulty turning the head, drooping of the shoulder, and difficulty lifting the shoulder. The accessory nerve is an important structure in the neck and can be affected by a variety of conditions, including trauma, tumors, and infections.
In the medical field, an axon is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell (neuron) that conducts electrical impulses away from the cell body towards other neurons, muscles, or glands. The axon is covered by a myelin sheath, which is a fatty substance that insulates the axon and helps to speed up the transmission of electrical signals. Axons are responsible for transmitting information throughout the nervous system, allowing the brain and spinal cord to communicate with other parts of the body. They are essential for many bodily functions, including movement, sensation, and cognition. Damage to axons can result in a variety of neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and peripheral neuropathy. Treatments for these conditions often focus on preserving and regenerating axons to restore normal function.
Muscle weakness, also known as muscular weakness or myasthenia, is a medical condition characterized by a decrease in the strength of skeletal muscles. This can result in difficulty in performing everyday activities that require physical effort, such as lifting objects, walking, or talking. Muscle weakness can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic disorders, autoimmune diseases, infections, nutritional deficiencies, and certain medications. It can affect any muscle in the body, but is most commonly seen in the muscles of the face, neck, and limbs. In some cases, muscle weakness can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, such as a neurological disorder or a muscle disease. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention if you experience muscle weakness, as it can be a sign of an underlying health issue that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Facial nerve injuries refer to any damage or trauma that affects the facial nerve, which is responsible for controlling the muscles of the face and controlling various functions such as blinking, smiling, and chewing. These injuries can result from a variety of causes, including surgery, trauma, infections, and tumors. Symptoms of facial nerve injuries may include drooping of the eyelid, difficulty closing the mouth, and a distorted facial expression. Treatment for facial nerve injuries may involve medications, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the severity and cause of the injury.
Hyperalgesia is a medical condition characterized by an increased sensitivity to pain. It is a type of pain that is caused by an overactive nervous system, which results in a heightened perception of pain in response to a normal or low-intensity stimulus. Hyperalgesia can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, inflammation, nerve damage, and certain medical conditions such as fibromyalgia, chronic pain syndrome, and multiple sclerosis. It can also be a side effect of certain medications, such as opioids. Symptoms of hyperalgesia may include increased pain sensitivity, a heightened response to touch or pressure, and a reduced ability to tolerate pain. Treatment for hyperalgesia may involve a combination of medications, physical therapy, and other interventions aimed at reducing pain and improving quality of life.
The abducens nerve is the sixth cranial nerve, also known as the oculomotor nerve. It is responsible for controlling the movement of the eye by innervating the lateral rectus muscle, which is responsible for abduction (moving the eye outward). The abducens nerve also provides motor innervation to the superior oblique muscle, which is responsible for depression and abduction of the eye. The nerve arises from the brainstem and travels through the cavernous sinus to reach the orbit, where it supplies the muscles of the eye. Damage to the abducens nerve can result in diplopia (double vision) and other eye movement disorders.
Epidural analgesia is a type of regional anesthesia that involves injecting a local anesthetic solution into the epidural space, which is the space between the outer layer of the spinal cord (dura mater) and the surrounding bony canal (vertebral column). This technique is commonly used to relieve pain during childbirth, as well as for postoperative pain management after surgery. During epidural analgesia, a small catheter is inserted into the epidural space through a small incision in the lower back. The catheter is then attached to a pump that delivers a continuous or intermittent dose of local anesthetic solution to the epidural space. The solution can also be combined with other medications, such as opioids, to provide additional pain relief. Epidural analgesia is generally considered safe and effective, but like any medical procedure, it carries some risks, including infection, bleeding, and nerve damage. It is important for patients to discuss the potential risks and benefits of epidural analgesia with their healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure.
Cranial nerve neoplasms refer to tumors that develop on the cranial nerves, which are the nerves that emerge from the brainstem and control various functions such as movement, sensation, and autonomic functions. These tumors can be either benign or malignant and can affect any of the 12 cranial nerves. Symptoms of cranial nerve neoplasms may include facial weakness, numbness or tingling in the face or extremities, difficulty swallowing, double vision, hearing loss, and balance problems. Treatment options for cranial nerve neoplasms may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches, depending on the type and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health and preferences.
Facial nerve diseases refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the facial nerve, which is responsible for controlling the muscles of the face and controlling various functions such as blinking, smiling, and chewing. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, trauma, tumors, and degenerative disorders. Some common facial nerve diseases include Bell's palsy, which is a condition that causes sudden weakness or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, which is a viral infection that can cause facial paralysis and hearing loss, and facial nerve tumors, which can cause facial weakness, pain, and other symptoms. Treatment for facial nerve diseases depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, medications or physical therapy may be used to manage symptoms and promote recovery. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove tumors or repair damaged facial nerve tissue.
Femoral nerve block
Occipital nerve block
Sciatic nerve block
Intercostal nerve block
Pudendal nerve entrapment
Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
Inferior alveolar nerve
Superior cluneal nerves
Greater occipital nerve
Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh
Nerve compression syndrome
Dorsal scapular nerve
Peripheral nerve injury classification
Inferior alveolar nerve anaesthesia
Lesser occipital nerve
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- An infraorbital nerve block requires 1-3 mL of the chosen anesthetic agent. (medscape.com)
- Regional blocks have several advantages compared with local infiltration, such as fewer injections required to attain adequate anesthesia, smaller volume of anesthetic required, and less distortion of the wound site. (medscape.com)
- SOAP guidelines also recommend consideration of local anesthetic (LA) techniques, including regional nerve blocks, in situations when long acting neuraxial morphine is not used. (asra.com)
- An anesthetic injection is administered in the area above the collarbone (clavicle) close to the network of nerves (brachial plexus) that provides sensation to the upper extremities. (hdkino.org)
- With sufficient anesthetic, a supraclavicular nerve block can diffuse to the shoulder area as well. (hdkino.org)
- An anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medication injection targeted at a nerve or group of nerves to temporarily relieve pain in a specific location, or to decrease inflammation in that area. (loinc.org)
- A sympathetic nerve block is an injection of a local anesthetic into the area in which these nerves coalesce, called the Sympathetic Ganglion. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- Blocks with local anesthetic can be used to control acute pain. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Arrows = block needle, AA = axillary artery, LA = local anesthetic posterior to the artery. (medscape.com)
- Before neurolysis is carried out, the patient's response to a diagnostic block with local anesthetic must be assessed. (medscape.com)
- A Stellate Ganglion Nerve Block involves injecting anesthetic around the ganglion nerves in an attempt to block pain signals from reaching the brain. (yourpainreliefcenters.com)
- The block is an injection composed of an anesthetic and a corticosteroid next to the greater and lesser occipital nerves, which are located just beneath the scalp, superficial to the skull, in the back of the head. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- The procedure involves inserting a small needle through the skin beneath the scalp in order to get the anesthetic and corticosteroids around the area of the nerve. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Patients who do not achieve adequate anesthesia with the topical application of an anesthetic cream should receive either a local anesthetic infiltration or a penile block. (medscape.com)
- This outpatient procedure is an injection of anesthetic to the genicular nerves. (nvpaincare.com)
- Usually, a genicular nerve block is administered via an injection that contains both a local anesthetic and corticosteroid. (nvpaincare.com)
- An anesthetic mixture is injected through a carefully-targeted needle to numb the nerve. (nvpaincare.com)
- During a selective nerve block, an anesthetic is injected directly into a specific nerve root of the spine in order to identify the source of the patient's pain. (omnipainrelief.com)
- An injection of a local anesthetic or an anesthetic plus steroid into the painful location numbs the nearby nerves and alleviates the discomfort is known as a nerve block . (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- A genicular nerve block often involves the injection of both a corticosteroid and a local anesthetic. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- These nerve blocks typically contain local anesthetic which can be used to treat acute pain. (somebodyhealme.com)
- A local anesthetic and corticosteroid are injected around the nerves to help reduce swelling and irritation and provide relief for the patient. (ospinamedical.com)
- Once the nerve is visualized and the needle has been placed next to the nerve a combination of local anesthetic and corticosteroids will be injected into the area. (ospinamedical.com)
- PURPOSE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the use of anesthetic blockage of the auriculotemporal nerve as a treatment for temporomandibular joint disorders. (bvsalud.org)
- CONCLUSION: anesthetic blockage of the auriculotemporal nerve may be used in acute cases of pain in the temporomandibular joint. (bvsalud.org)
- This outpatient procedure is used to treat pain and discomfort from arthritis, bursitis or impingement of the suprascapular nerve in the shoulder joint. (scoi.com)
- A supraclavicular nerve block is a procedure to block the sensation in the arm below the shoulder. (hdkino.org)
- A supraclavicular nerve block may be performed as an outpatient procedure for chronic pain management . (hdkino.org)
- A nerve block is usually an outpatient procedure performed by a radiologist or anesthesiologist. (loinc.org)
- Although not technically correct, "block" is commonly used to refer to any type of injection procedure done to influence nerves. (painmanagementsb.com)
- It is a relatively underused procedure, mainly owing to the difficulty of achieving a reliable block. (medscape.com)
- Before proceeding with the block, one should have a precise knowledge of the anatomy, should be thoroughly familiar with the details of the procedure, and should be fully aware of the potential complications. (medscape.com)
- A superior hypogastric plexus block (also known as a hypogastric block) is an advanced, minimally invasive procedure used to treat pelvic and genital pain that has been so far unresponsive to oral medications and other conventional treatments. (prestigepain.com)
- OmniSpine pain management offers a minimally invasive procedure known as a selective nerve root block is often used for diagnosing pain. (omnipainrelief.com)
- When pain in the arms or legs are associated with pain in the spine, a minimally invasive procedure known as a selective nerve root block is often used for diagnosis. (omnipainrelief.com)
- During the procedure, a medical professional injects a nerve-numbing substance around specific nerves in order to stop them from sending signals to the brain. (somebodyhealme.com)
- The procedure may also damage the surrounding nerves. (somebodyhealme.com)
- An intercostal nerve block is a procedure in which the nerves located under your ribcage are targeted to reduce pain in your chest and/or torso. (ospinamedical.com)
- Typically, intercostal nerve blocks are used as a diagnostic procedure to determine if you would benefit from an intercostal nerve radiofrequency ablation. (ospinamedical.com)
- We perform intercostal nerve blocks in our procedure suite. (ospinamedical.com)
- Illustration demonstrating the occipital nerve block procedure. (medscape.com)
- [ 1 ] Because of the lower number of injections, saphenous nerve block is better tolerated by the patient and limits the chance of a needlestick injury to the provider. (medscape.com)
- If you experiences pain relief, it confirms that those are the specific nerves causing the pain and more injections will be scheduled. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- Blocks are injections of medication near nerves. (painmanagementsb.com)
- In some cases of severe pain it is even necessary to destroy a nerve with injections of phenol, pure ethanol, or by using needles that freeze or heat the nerves. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Injections into joints are also referred to as blocks. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Knee injections might include one or more genicular nerves. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- What are the side effects of nerve block injections? (somebodyhealme.com)
- Depending on your orthopedic physician's recommendation, you may receive nerve block injections anywhere between three to six times in a 12-month period . (somebodyhealme.com)
- The infraorbital nerve block is often used to accomplish regional anesthesia of the face. (medscape.com)
- A nerve block often achieves anesthesia with a smaller amount of medication than is required for local infiltration. (medscape.com)
- In addition, unlike local tissue infiltration, nerve blocks can provide anesthesia without causing tissue distortion. (medscape.com)
- In general, regional anesthesia is ideal when the area of interest is innervated by a single superficial nerve. (medscape.com)
- [ 2 ] A successful infraorbital nerve block provides anesthesia for the area between the lower eyelid and the upper lip. (medscape.com)
- Area of anesthesia for infraorbital nerve block. (medscape.com)
- The saphenous nerve block is gaining popularity not only for procedural anesthesia but also for treatment of pain after procedures. (medscape.com)
- The soft-sided Nerve Block Trainer Carrying Case provides a convenient way to store or transport the Regional Anesthesia Femoral Trainer or the Regional Anesthesia Trainer. (simulab.com)
- The transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) has been the most investigated regional anesthesia technique in this patient population. (asra.com)
- The supraorbital nerve block is often used to accomplish regional anesthesia of the face because it offers several advantages over local tissue infiltration . (medscape.com)
- In general, regional anesthesia is ideal when the area of interest is innervated by one superficial nerve. (medscape.com)
- Area of anesthesia for supraorbital nerve block. (medscape.com)
- An interscalene block provides more effective anesthesia to the shoulder but may not effectively block some parts of the hand and fingers. (hdkino.org)
- The needle tip can be 1-2 cm away from the nerve, just ensure anesthesia is spreading in the correct fascial plane! (bcpocus.ca)
- This block provides anesthesia and analgesia for the upper extremity. (medscape.com)
- Trigeminal nerve block provides hemifacial anesthesia and is used predominantly in the diagnosis and treatment of neuralgia. (medscape.com)
- the inferior alveolar dental nerve block is the method most commonly used by endodontists to achieve local anesthesia during treatments. (bvsalud.org)
- The trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V), provides sensory innervation to the face. (medscape.com)
- Examples for types of nerve blocks and body regions are: 1) Trigeminal nerve blocks (face), 2) cervical epidural, thoracic epidural, and lumbar epidural block (neck and back), and 3) cervical plexus block and cervical paravertebral block (shoulder and upper neck). (loinc.org)
- Trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by spontaneous, paroxysmal lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. (medscape.com)
- trigeminal nerve block is reserved for patients who do not respond to medical treatment or patients in whom neurologic decompression of the canal is not feasible or has failed. (medscape.com)
- The trigeminal nerve is the fifth cranial nerve and supplies sensory innervations to the face via its branches (see the image below). (medscape.com)
- The trigeminal nerve ganglion (also referred to as the gasserian ganglion) lies in the trigeminal cave (also known as the Meckel cave), which is a dural invagination in the petrous part of the temporal bone. (medscape.com)
- For more information about the relevant anatomy, see Trigeminal Nerve Anatomy. (medscape.com)
- The success of a trigeminal nerve block depends on proper identification of the anatomic landmarks and the nerve itself. (medscape.com)
- It is thought that sensory input from the GON and the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve converges into the trigeminal nucleus caudalis, which is hypothesized to be the reason why occipital neuralgia is sometimes associated with migraine headache symptomatology. (medscape.com)
- The phenomenon of "rebound pain" has been demonstrated and described as a very severe pain, which occurs after a peripheral nerve block resolution with the recovery of sensitivity. (bjan-sba.org)
- For prevention, the use of peripheral nerve block techniques that avoid nerve damage and adequate perioperative analgesia associated with patient education on the early administration of analgesics, even during the period of analgesia provided by peripheral nerve block, is recommended. (bjan-sba.org)
- WHO SHOULD CONSIDER a peripheral nerve block? (asappainclinic.com)
- An exception to this rule is the peripheral nerve block, which is more often utilized. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
Occipital nerve blocks3
- Occipital nerve blocks with steroids can often help with the treatment of these kinds of headaches. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Our team of pain providers at Arizona Pain Treatment Centers utilize the benefit of occipital nerve blocks as well as physical rehab to address the headache and irritated occipital nerves. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Overall, occipital nerve blocks seem to be a relatively effective pain management option. (somebodyhealme.com)
Group of nerves1
- Sometimes this group of nerves cause pain and can lead to a condition known as Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
Genicular nerve block2
Suprascapular Nerve Block1
- Humeral head translation after a suprascapular nerve block. (cdc.gov)
- Pseudoaneurysm of the Thoracoabdominal Aortic Graft due to Intercostal Nerve Block. (iasp-pain.org)
- We present a case of an iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm in the descending thoracic aortic graft body caused by intercostal nerve block. (iasp-pain.org)
- The patient had undergone repair for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm four years prior and underwent a series of intercostal nerve blocks after experiencing persistent post-thoracotomy pain. (iasp-pain.org)
- It will not anesthetize the axilla or the proximal medial arm, missing the intercostal and medium cutaneous brachii nerves. (medscape.com)
- When your intercostal nerves become irritated they can cause significant pain. (ospinamedical.com)
- Who is a candidate for Intercostal Nerve Blocks? (ospinamedical.com)
- Patients who have chest and/or torso pain that has not responded well to conservative treatments, including but not limited to rest, medications, and physical therapy may be a candidate for an intercostal nerve block. (ospinamedical.com)
- How is an Intercostal Nerve Block performed? (ospinamedical.com)
- Using ultrasound guidance, your physician will target your intercostal nerves. (ospinamedical.com)
- If you are experiencing chest and/or torso pain that has not responded to conservative treatments, an intercostal nerve block may provide you with relief. (ospinamedical.com)
- The sympathetic nerves are found along the front side of the spinal column and are part of your autonomic nervous system. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- These nerves are part of the sympathetic autonomic nervous system that control involuntary functions such as sweating, blood pressure, digestion and heart rate. (yourpainreliefcenters.com)
- The bladder and urethra are innervated by 3 sets of peripheral nerves arising from the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and somatic nervous system. (medscape.com)
- The ophthalmic and maxillary nerves are purely sensory. (medscape.com)
- Nerve pain and muscle spasm such as that caused by shingles, neuropathy, reflex sympathetic dystrophy and spinal cord injury can be treated using interventional procedures, spinal cord stimulation or implantable pumps. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Spinal cord blocks , as well as excruciating pain in the arms, legs, neck, and buttocks, are typical uses for nerve blocks. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- [ 4 , 5 ] The greater occipital nerve (GON) originates in the dorsal ramus of the C 2 as well as the C 3 segments of the spinal cord and comprises sensory fibers alone. (medscape.com)
- Selective nerve blocks are performed in the outpatient setting and usually take about 15 minutes to complete. (omnipainrelief.com)
- An ulnar nerve block anesthetizes both the volar and dorsal surfaces of the hypothenar half of the hand (from the little finger through the ulnar half of the ring finger). (msdmanuals.com)
- How To Do a Median Nerve Block A median nerve block, done at the wrist, anesthetizes the volar surface of the thenar half of the hand (from the thumb through the radial half of the ring finger) as well as the dorsal surfaces. (msdmanuals.com)
- This nerve eventually divides into the right and left dorsal nerves of the penis that pass under the pubis symphysis to travel just below the Buck fascia to supply the sensory innervation to the penis. (medscape.com)
- The right and left dorsal penile nerves should be blocked as proximally to the base of the penis as possible. (medscape.com)
Types of nerve blocks1
- What are the different types of nerve blocks? (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- In an interscalene block, the injection is administered in the neck, closer to the nerve roots. (hdkino.org)
- The occipital nerves travel from the cervical spine in the neck to the back of the head and scalp. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- These nerves can be irritated by muscle spasm, arthritic changes or by neck injuries. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Most patients with cervicogenic headaches have associated degenerative or inflammatory changes in the joints in the neck and therefore may need an additional block in the cervical facet joint to completely alleviate their symptoms. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- The occipital nerves arise deep in the neck near the spine but become superficial (close to the skin) behind the ear. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- If the nerve block was in your neck, the numbing medicine might affect your face for a few hours. (somebodyhealme.com)
- As part of an ankle block required to manipulate a fractured or dislocated ankle (A combination of posterior tibial , saphenous, superficial peroneal , deep peroneal, and sural nerve blocks results in complete block of sensory perception beneath the ankle. (medscape.com)
- The areas to anesthetize include a line along the anterior ankle for the superficial peroneal nerve (blue line), the deep peroneal nerve (red star), the saphenous nerve (pink star), the sural nerve (green arrow), and the posterior tibial nerve (orange arrow). (medscape.com)
- Occasionally, tumor infiltration, vascular compression of the nerve, or diseases such as multiple sclerosis may be the causative factors. (medscape.com)
- The supraorbital nerve exits the supraorbital foramen, which lies approximately 2-3 cm lateral to the midline of the face, at the inferior edge of the supraorbital ridge. (medscape.com)
- Anaesthetic efficacy of incorporating different additives into lidocaine for the inferior alveolar nerve block: A systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. (bvsalud.org)
- Incorporating an additive into lidocaine is a method to enhance the efficacy of the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in mandibular posterior teeth . (bvsalud.org)
- the inferior alveolar nerve, artery and men), ranging in age from 18 to 55 Five cases were males while three were vein. (who.int)
- el bloqueo del nervio dentario inferior es el método más usado por los endodoncistas para obtener anestesia local en sus tratamientos. (bvsalud.org)
- The infraorbital nerve supplies sensory innervation to the lower eyelid, the side of the nose, and the upper lip (see image below). (medscape.com)
Exits the skull2
- [ 3 ] The second division, the maxillary nerve (V2), exits the skull from the foramen rotundum. (medscape.com)
- The supraorbital nerve exits the skull through the supraorbital foramen (giving off palpebral filaments to the upper eyelid) and travels toward the forehead, ending in a medial branch and a lateral branch (see image below). (medscape.com)
- Steroids can help reduce nerve and joint inflammation and can reduce the abnormal triggering of signals from injured nerves. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Anesthetizing these nerves can disrupt the pain signals caused by degeneration of the knee. (nvpaincare.com)
- The genicular block injection blocks pain signals before they reach your brain by injecting a medication into the genicular nerve branches. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- The saphenous nerve is a cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve originating from the L2-L4 nerve roots. (medscape.com)
- After giving off numerous branches, the maxillary nerve eventually enters the face through the infraorbital canal, where it ends as the infraorbital nerve (see image below). (medscape.com)
- The cords then pass into the axilla and divide into nerve branches: the musculocutaneous, axillary, radial, median, and ulnar (see the image below). (medscape.com)
- The articular branches of the genicular nerves are referred to as anterior medial, superior lateral, and inner medial. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- This retrospective cohort study was undertaken between January 2009 and August 2014 and included patients who underwent at least 1 GON block and attended at least 1 follow-up appointment. (medscape.com)
- The mandibular nerve has sensory and motor functions. (medscape.com)
- After piercing the deep fascia on the medial aspect of the knee, the nerve courses superficially down the anteromedial lower leg. (medscape.com)
- Nerve blocks used during hip and knee replacements were associated with better results than those that did not employ them, according to the authors of the research, which included data on over a million patients. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- Nerve blocks of this kind may also be beneficial for those with chronic knee pain who aren't candidates for knee surgery. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- The corticosteroids will begin working in 3-5 days and work to reduce inflammation of the nerve. (ospinamedical.com)
- Ulnar nerve block can be done using anatomic landmarks or ultrasonographic guidance. (msdmanuals.com)
- A supraclavicular nerve block is the quickest and most effective block for the entire arm because the nerves are tightly packed in the targeted anatomical region (brachial plexus). (hdkino.org)
- All upper extremity blocks involve the brachial plexus. (medscape.com)
- It blocks the brachial plexus below the level of the clavicle close to the coracoid process. (medscape.com)
- Ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block. (medscape.com)
- Nadig M, Ekatodramis G, Borgeat A. Ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block. (medscape.com)
- Macfarlane A, Anderson K. Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blocks. (medscape.com)
- Regional block of the saphenous nerve, a pure sensory nerve of the leg, allows for rapid anesthetization of the anteromedial lower extremity, including the medial malleolus. (medscape.com)
- The saphenous nerve travels to the dorsum of the foot, medial malleolus, and the area of the head of the first metatarsal. (medscape.com)
- At the level of ankle, the saphenous nerve is found between the medial malleolus and the anterior tibial tendon, just lateral to the saphenous vein. (medscape.com)
- Therefore, the infraorbital nerve block is a convenient alternative for situations such as facial lacerations in which tissue distortion would be unacceptable. (medscape.com)
- [ 1 ] Since the infraorbital nerve provides a considerably large area of sensory innervation, it is a prime candidate for a regional nerve block. (medscape.com)
- Blocks often provide diagnostic information, helping to determine the source of the pain. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Cite as: VanderWielen B, Ituk U, Landau R, Sultan P, Habib A. Post-cesarean delivery analgesia and the role of peripheral nerve blocks: a review. (asra.com)
- A supraclavicular nerve block is usually performed prior to surgeries and for post-operative pain relief (analgesia) in the upper extremities. (hdkino.org)
- These can include anticonvulsants or antidepressants for nerve pain or steroids to treat pain from swelling. (medlineplus.gov)
- All of our patients with abdominal hernias received ultrasound-guided nerve blocks . (sonosite.com)
- Because of power of ultrasound and utility of performing blocks, patients can receive different anesthetics, and most importantly, they were able to ambulate with minimum pain," he said. (sonosite.com)
- Ultrasound orientation of the muscles, arteries, and nerves in a transverse view. (medscape.com)
- This technique was most commonly used with nerve stimulation. (medscape.com)
- Also, if you respond well to the Occipital Nerve block then you will most likely benefit even more with the addition of Occipital Nerve Stimulation. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- The effect of number of lengthening contractions on rat isometric force production at different frequencies of nerve stimulation. (cdc.gov)
- The penile shaft is composed of 3 erectile columns, the 2 corpora cavernosa and the corpus spongiosum, as well as the columns' enveloping fascial layers, nerves, lymphatics, and blood vessels, all covered by skin. (medscape.com)
- What is a Nerve Root Block? (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Data at this time suggest peripheral nerve blocks provide analgesic benefit in cases where intrathecal morphine cannot be utilized or as a rescue technique for refractory pain. (asra.com)
- The supraclavicular nerve block may also help manage chronic pain from rheumatoid and degenerative arthritis . (hdkino.org)
- Supraclavicular nerve block performed before surgery and for post-surgical pain may involve hospitalization for a day or two, depending on the complexity of the surgery. (hdkino.org)
- This blocks these nerves so that the sympathetic nervous system can no longer mediate the pain. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- Sympathetic nerve blocks can be effective in relieving some chronic pain conditions, but not all. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- If you experience pain relief from a sympathetic nerve block, it also gives you a "window of opportunity" to more fully participate in other therapies that can contribute to your pain relief, such as physical therapy. (hutchinsonsurgery.com)
- Pain and injury often makes nerves more sensitive, so that they signal pain with less provocation. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Blocks can provide periods of dramatic pain relief, which promotes the desensitization of sensory pathways. (painmanagementsb.com)
- Occipital Neuralgia will typically follow a trauma to the nerves over the occiput (back of the head) and is characterized by an acute onset of pain in the distribution of the occipital nerves. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Not only is it useful in treating Occipital Neuralgia, relieving or reducing pain in the back of the head in the scalp, but if symptoms improve after the injection then the block is also useful in diagnosing Occipital Neuralgia. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- It may help determine if a patient is a candidate for nerve ablation, which can provide long-term pain relief. (nvpaincare.com)
- Selective nerve blocks are a great option for those requiring further work up of where the pain or numbness/tingling is coming from. (omnipainrelief.com)
- If the pain subsides after injection into the suspected nerve root, it can be assumed that the correct nerve has been treated. (omnipainrelief.com)
- Studies suggest that rebound pain is a side effect of peripheral nerve blocks, despite their effectiveness in pain control. (bjan-sba.org)
- Rebound pain assessment should always be considered in clinical practice, as it is not a rare side effect of peripheral nerve blocks. (bjan-sba.org)
- Peripheral nerve blocks can be used to help reduce pain in a specific area of the body, by injecting local numbing medicine around the nerves where the pain occurs. (asappainclinic.com)
- Nerve blocks are most effective when a small number of nerves, or single nerve, is causing the pain. (asappainclinic.com)
- Pain relief from a nerve block is usually immediate. (asappainclinic.com)
- This pain can be alleviated by a nerve block but to do so you need to know the nerve block pros and cons. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- For some people, nerve blocks may be an integral element of their pain management and treatment plan. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- For the great majority of chronic pain sufferers, peripheral nerve blocks reduced their discomfort by at least 50%, according to an investigation published in 2019. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- A 2018 research on trigeminal neuralgia found that all individuals were pain-free immediately after the block, and many stayed pain-free for eight months after the block. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- Nerve blocks are often used to reduce pain during surgery. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- Pain relief from an occipital nerve block usually will last for several months , but this may vary from patient to patient. (somebodyhealme.com)
- Although every patient is different, generally speaking, nerve blocks for chronic pain management can last anywhere from 6 months to a year . (somebodyhealme.com)
- Therapeutic nerve blocks are used to treat chronic pain and various pain conditions. (somebodyhealme.com)
- The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of GON block in acute treatment of migraine headache, with a focus on pain relief. (medscape.com)
- Change in the 11-point numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) was used to assess the response to GON block. (medscape.com)
- Greater occipital block seems to be an effective option for acute management of migraine headache, with promising reductions in pain scores. (medscape.com)
- [ 6 ] GON block decreases afferent input to the trigeminal nucleus caudalis, resulting in central pain modulation and reducing neuronal hyperexcitability at the level of second-order neurons. (medscape.com)
- infection, bleeding, delivery of medication to the blood stream, or blocking the wrong nerve. (loinc.org)
- The frontal nerve then further divides into the supraorbital nerve and the supratrochlear nerve. (medscape.com)
- Chronic health disorders or injuries that damage, inflame, or irritate the nerves may also benefit from the usage of these products. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- Before nerve blocks, we were prescribing opiates, which resulted in patients staying in recovery for a long time. (sonosite.com)
- These nerves supply sensation to the back and side of the scalp and are commonly involved in patients suffering from cervicogenic headaches and Occipital Neuralgia. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)
- Importantly, these patients reported an improvement in their general well-being as a result of the nerve blocks they received. (atlaspainspecialists.com)
- Of these 562, 459 patients (82%) rated their response to GON block as moderate or significant. (medscape.com)
- No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar la local, lidocaína, eficacia anestésica en molares con pulpa normal y molares con pulpa inflamada (aunque el porcentaje de articaína éxito en pulpa normal fue mayor que en dientes con pulpitis irreversible). (bvsalud.org)
- [ 19 ] We undertook this retrospective cohort study to assess the efficacy of GON block in the acute treatment of migraine headache, having anecdotally experienced good results in our clinical practice. (medscape.com)
- The blockage of the auriculotemporal nerve was performed with 1 ml of bupivacaine 0.5% without vasoconstrictor for 8 weeks. (bvsalud.org)
Duration of the block2
- The injection blocks both the greater and lesser occipital nerves. (arizonapaintreatmentcenters.com)