Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
The exchange of students or professional personnel between countries done under the auspices of an organization for the purpose of further education.
Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic rods formerly called Pseudomonas testosteroni. It is differentiated from other Comamonas species by its ability to assimilate testosterone and to utilize phenylacetate or maleate as carbon sources.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.
A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
Organic salts and esters of benzenesulfonic acid.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.
An operation for the continuous emptying of ascitic fluid into the venous system. Fluid removal is based on intraperitoneal and intrathoracic superior vena cava pressure differentials and is performed via a pressure-sensitive one-way valve connected to a tube traversing the subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall to the neck where it enters the internal jugular vein and terminates in the superior vena cava. It is used in the treatment of intractable ascites.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
A species of COLTIVIRUS transmitted by the tick DERMACENTOR andersonii and causing fever, chills, aching head and limbs, and often vomiting. It occurs in the northwestern United States, except the Pacific Coast.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.

Harm reduction: Australia as a case study. (1/229)

This paper explicates the term, "harm reduction"; demonstrates that harm reduction has a long tradition; and uses one country, Australia, as a case study. Harm reduction can be understood as "policies and programs which are designed to reduce the adverse consequences of mood altering substances without necessarily reducing their consumption"; it is consistent with the best traditions of both medicine and public health. Although it is difficult to interpret trends in mortality from alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs to determine whether harm reduction in Australia "worked", the effectiveness of harm-reduction policies and programs in controlling HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) seems extremely strong and suggests that benefits of harm-reduction programs for other drugs will become apparent in time.  (+info)

Research on needle exchange: redefining the agenda. (2/229)

Researchers studying needle-exchange programs in the United States pursue a two-fold agenda that requires answers to these questions: (1) Do such programs successfully reduce HIV seroprevalence among injecting drug users? (2) Do they promote drug use? Several federal laws and regulations require convincing data on each question before the release of federal funds for needle exchange. Fears that needle exchange promotes drug use are at the core of federal concerns, and these fears are shared by community leaders, scientists, and public health professionals. Nonetheless, the manner in which the "drug use" question has been framed and addressed in scientific research has been given insufficient attention. This article aims to stimulate debate about current research, and restore a focus on HIV prevention, by addressing several methodological, logical, and ethical weaknesses that characterize the scientific inquiry into whether needle exchange promotes drug use.  (+info)

The role of syringe filters in harm reduction among injection drug users. (3/229)

OBJECTIVES: Three filters were tested for in situ efficacy in reducing bacterial contamination associated with injection drug use. METHODS: In a self-matched control design with blinded laboratory testing, injection drug users were asked to use 3 filters in random succession when loading their syringes with drug solute. RESULTS: The 0.22-micron filter proved significantly better than both the cigarette filter (relative risk [RR] = 18.0) and the 20-micron filter (RR = 4.5) in rendering syringes bacteria-free. CONCLUSIONS: The 15- to 20-micron syringe filter currently provided injection drug users in Switzerland does not significantly reduce contamination associated with common bacterial infections among users. Filters with pore width 1/100th as large are recommended.  (+info)

Surveillance of problem drug use in the UK: a review of a Regional Drug Misuse Database. (4/229)

BACKGROUND: We report detailed findings of the first systematic validation of a Regional Drug Misuse Database (RDMD); such databases constitute the main investment in routine drug statistics in the UK by the Department of Health. METHODS: A retrospective case-finding study in a stratified random sample of one in three specialist drug agencies was carried out. Agency records of clients attending during 1994 were matched with reports (episodes) to the North Thames RDMD to assess the level of under-reporting, and the relationship between RDMD reports (episodes) and the number of problem drug users in contact with agencies. Under-ascertainment of cases was estimated using two-sample capture-recapture. RESULTS: Under-reporting was associated with agency records missing full date of birth or initials (attributers), and agency type. Compared with drug dependency units (DDU) the odds of under-reporting were 3-18 times higher by the other specialist drug agencies. Even after excluding episodes with missing attributers the odds ratio (OR) of not being reported was significantly higher among needle exchanges (OR 2.7), non-statutory community based drug teams (OR 3.2), statutory community based drug teams (OR 4.9) and residential rehabilitation units (OR 8.7) compared with DDUs. Overall database episodes represented 60 per cent of the number of clients attending specialist agencies as a result of a mixture of under-reporting and the proportion of clients retained in treatment, which also varied by agency type. A total of 727 individuals (16 per cent) had never been reported. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance of drug misuse through RDMDs does not yet fulfil its objectives. It is essential that a system of following up reports is introduced to improve their utility, and to contribute to the monitoring of the UK Government's new drugs strategy, and wider European surveillance.  (+info)

Syringe vending machines for injection drug users: an experiment in Marseille, France. (5/229)

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the usefulness of vending machines in providing injection drug users with access to sterile syringes in Marseille, France. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were offered to 485 injection drug users obtaining syringes from 32 pharmacies, 4 needle exchange programs, and 3 vending machines. RESULTS: Of the 343 respondents (response rate = 70.7%), 21.3% used the vending machines as their primary source of syringes. Primary users of vending machines were more likely than primary users of other sources to be younger than 30 years, to report no history of drug maintenance treatment, and to report no sharing of needles or injection paraphernalia. CONCLUSIONS: Vending machines may be an appropriate strategy for providing access to syringes for younger injection drug users, who have typically avoided needle exchange programs and pharmacies.  (+info)

The impact of a needle exchange's closure. (6/229)

OBJECTIVE: The Windham, Connecticut, needle exchange closed in May 1997 after becoming embroiled in a public controversy in which it was blamed for the city's drug problem, discarded syringes, and even the economic decline of the city itself. The authors interviewed injection drug users and conducted a community survey of discarded drug paraphernalia to explore the effects of the needle exchange's closure. METHODS: After the needle exchange was closed in March 1997, the authors re-recruited former participants in an AIDS prevention research project, the majority of whom were clients of the needle exchange. The authors analyzed responses from these respondents' pre-closure interviews and from III post-closure initial interviews and 78 post-closure follow-up interviews as well as data on discarded syringes and "dope bags". RESULTS: Following the closure of the needle exchange, significant increases were found in the percentage of respondents who reported an unreliable source as their primary source of syringes, in respondents' reports of the frequency of reusing syringes, and in the percentage of respondents who reported sharing of syringes. Surveys of outdoor drug-use areas found that the closure of the needle exchange did not reduce the volume of discarded syringes and other drug-injection debris. CONCLUSIONS: The problems in Windham that led to the closure of the exchange still remain, and the city's drug injectors are engaging in higher levels of HIV risk behavior.  (+info)

Needle-exchange attendance and health care utilization promote entry into detoxification. (7/229)

This study was undertaken to identify factors associated with entry into detoxification among injection drug users (IDUs), and to assess the role of needle-exchange programs (NEPs) as a bridge to treatment. IDUs undergoing semiannual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests and interviews were studied prospectively between 1994 and 1998, during which time an NEP was introduced in Baltimore. Logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of entry into detoxification, stratifying by HIV serostatus. Of 1,490 IDUs, similar proportions of HIV-infected and uninfected IDUs entered detoxification (25% vs. 23%, respectively). After accounting for recent drug use, hospital admission was associated with four-fold increased odds of entering detoxification for HIV-seronegative subjects. Among HIV-infected subjects, hospital admission, outpatient medical care, and having health insurance independently increased the odds of entering detoxification. After accounting for these and other variables, needle-exchange attendance also was associated independently with entering detoxification for both HIV-infected (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 3.2) and uninfected IDUs (AOR = 1.4). However, among HIV-infected subjects, the increased odds of detoxification associated with needle exchange diminished significantly over time, concomitant with statewide reductions in detoxification admissions. These findings indicate that health care providers and NEPs represent an important bridge to drug abuse treatment for HIV-infected and uninfected IDUs. Creating and sustaining these linkages may facilitate entry into drug abuse treatment and serve the important public health goal of increasing the number of drug users in treatment.  (+info)

Volunteer bias in nonrandomized evaluations of the efficacy of needle-exchange programs. (8/229)

OBJECTIVE: Nonrandomized comparisons of the incidence of HIV and hepatitis B and C between injection drug users (IDUs) who do and do not attend voluntary needle-exchange programs may be subject to bias. To explore possible sources of bias, we examined characteristics associated with voluntarily beginning or ceasing to participate in the Seattle needle exchange. METHODS: In a cohort of 2,879 IDUs, a standardized questionnaire measured characteristics present at enrollment. We examined the relation of these characteristics to the proportion of IDUs who began to use the program during the ensuing 12-month follow-up period and to the proportion of current exchangers who dropped out during that period of time. RESULTS: Of the 494 never-exchangers at baseline, 32% attended the exchange program during follow-up; those who reported sharing syringes or who were homeless at enrollment were more likely to become new exchange users (adjusted risk ratio [ARR] for becoming an exchange user = 1.8 for those who shared syringes, and ARR = 2.2 for those who were homeless). Of 1,274 current exchangers, 16% stopped using the exchange during followup, with daily injectors (ARR = 0.6) and those who reported backloading (ARR = 0.6) being relatively less likely to drop out of the exchange. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis suggests that IDUs participating in needle-exchange programs at a given point in time may include a particularly high proportion of those injectors whose pattern of drug use puts them at elevated risk of blood-borne viral infections.  (+info)

Pubdate: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Copyright: 2003 Los Angeles Times Contact: http://www.latimes.com/ Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/248 Author: Steve Hymon, Times Staff Writer Cited: the Human Rights Watch report http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/usa0903/ California Narcotic Officers Association http://www.cnoa.org/ Clean Needles Now http://www.cleanneedlesnow.org Bookmark: http://www.mapinc.org/find?137 (Needle Exchange) POLICE ACCUSED OF INTERFERING WITH NEEDLE-EXCHANGE EFFORTS Activists Say the States Anti-AIDS Programs Are Being Hindered. a Law Enforcement Spokesman Suggests That They Are Lying. A human rights advocacy group Tuesday accused police in California of routinely interfering with legitimate needle-exchange programs intended to slow the spread of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C. Human Rights Watch, a New York-based group, alleged in a report that police intent on enforcing drug laws often arrest or hassle patrons of locally approved needle-exchange programs ...
Pubdate: Tue, 11 Feb 2003 Source: Canadian Champion, The (CN ON) Copyright: 2003 Metroland Printing, Publishing and Distributing Ltd Contact: http://www.haltonsearch.com/hr/mcc/ Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/1503 Author: Jason Misner Bookmark: http://www.mapinc.org/find?137 (Needle Exchange) HALTONS NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM SERVING A NEED Return Rate On Par With Neighbouring Regions Administrators of Halton Regions needle exchange program say the return rate - the number of new needles given out versus the old ones returned - is on par with neighbouring municipalities that offer similar programs, and is serving a need. Cate Bannan, manager of AIDS, STDs, sexual health and needle exchange services for the Regions public health department, said the return rate of 74 per cent is equal to programs in Hamilton, Niagara Region and Guelph. But said she wants that number to be higher. We are very pleased with how well the program is doing, Ms Bannan said. We think there are more users out ...
Art Caplan, MSNBC.coms Vitals: The belief that [g]iving out free clean needles sends the message that injecting drugs is OK … just happens to be completely unsupported by any evidence at all, Caplan, director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania writes, adding, Policy involves more than scientific evidence when it comes to touchy subjects like drug addiction. However, morality cannot ignore the facts. He concludes, If needle-exchange programs do reduce risk, suffering, deaths and costs, and it is beyond dispute that they do, then it is bad ethics to insist on a moral message that is utterly disconnected from the harsh realities of drug abuse (12/19 ...
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Needle-exchange programs designed to cut injection drug users risk of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and other infections do seem to reduce needle sharing, but there is only limited evidence that they lower disease transmission, a new research review concludes.
Despite $1 million in city AIDS funding over three years, the Districts largest needle-exchange program is nearly out of cash and has at times been unable to supply clean syringes to intravenous...
Camden, N.J., City Council Member Ali Sloan-El (R) on Tuesday plans to introduce legislation to allow a needle-exchange program in the city to reduce the ...
The Denver Post on Friday examined efforts to establish needle-exchange programs in Colorado to reduce the risk of HIV and hepatitis C among injection ...
The nations drug czar has touted needle-exchange programs as a way to reduce the spread of disease and to steer heroin users into treatment.
Indianas health commissioner has approved a one-year needle-exchange program for a rural county at the center of the states largest HIV outbreak.
The first needle exchange was formed by the Amsterdam junkiebond in 1984 in an effort to slow the spread of hepatitis B among IDU.(16) As the number of European AIDS cases increased sharply, needle exchange programs were soon adopted in other European cities. By the early 1990s, programs had been implemented in more than 20 countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia, and most member nations of the European Union.(17) Needle exchange programs developed more slowly in the United States than in Europe, primarily because of fierce political opposition. Nevertheless, at the end of 1996, 104 needle exchange programs were operating in more than 20 U.S. states (David Purchase, North American Syringe Exchange Network, personal communication, November 1996). Only about one half of U.S. needle exchange programs are legal, but others operate with the tacit support of local officials. Nearly all needle exchange programs require one-for-one exchange of syringes. The effectiveness of needle ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - HIV risk behavior among amphetamine injectors at U.S. syringe exchange programs. AU - Braine, Naomi. AU - Des Jarlais, Don. AU - Goldblatt, Cullen. AU - Zadoretzky, Cathy. AU - Turner, Charles. PY - 2005/12/1. Y1 - 2005/12/1. N2 - The goal of this study was to compare HIV risk behaviors of amphetamine and non-amphetamine injectors at syringe exchange programs (SEP) in the United States and to identify factors associated with injection risk. This analysis is based on data from a random cross-section of participants at 13 SEPs in different parts of the country. All interviews were done using Audio Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing technology. Amphetamine injectors differ from other SEP participants in that they are younger and more likely to be White, to have had a recent same sex partner, and to be homeless. Rates of injection risk behavior are higher among amphetamine injectors than other SEP participants, but rates of condom use are similar. Factors associated with ...
In addition to sterile needles, syringe-exchange programmes typically offer services such as HIV and Hepatitis C testing; alcohol swabs; bleach water and normal saline (often as eye drops); aluminium cookers; citric acid powder (an imperative agent that enables heroin to dissolve in water); containers for needles and many other items.[18] A survey conducted by Beth Israel Medical Center in New York city and the North American Syringe Exchange Network, among 126 surveyed SEPs that 77% provided material abuse therapy, 72% provided voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and more than two-thirds provided supplies such as bleach, alcohol pads and male and female condoms. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), around 1/5 of all new HIV infections and the vast majority of Hepatitis C infections are the result of injection drug use.[19] Needle-exchange programmes are supported by the CDC and the National Institute of Health.[19][20] The NIH estimates that in the United States, between ...
Aim To determine whether syringe exchange programs (SEPs) dispensation policy is associated with syringe coverage among SEP clients.Design Cross-sectional samples of SEPs and their clients.Setting SEPs in California, USA.Participants Twenty-four SEPs and their injection drug using (IDU) clients (n = 1576).Measurements Clients were classified as having adequate syringe
The state opioid crisis comes starkly into view at the AHOPE needle exchange program, where one wall is covered with obituaries for people who have died of overdose. The program aims to keep people off that wall.
To fight the spread of HIV and Hepatitis C through needle contamination, the Indiana needle exchange program in Clark County plans to start next month. Funding was scarce but they were granted enough money to finally begin the program.
To put this figure into context, international prevalence of HIV among people who inject drugs is 13 percent. This success can largely be attributed to the early introduction of needle exchange.. Just as with Ben, needle exchange has saved countless lives and we owe a debt of gratitude to the men and women who paved the way for the programme as it is today. There are too many to name in this editorial but at our conference in October we acknowledged the many contributions and formed our own roll of honour.. The needle exchange programme has done more than just save lives, it has also transformed lives. Needle exchanges are an essential point of contact with communities who will infrequently access mainstream health and social services, a community in which criminalisation, stigma and discrimination have a massive impact. Needle exchange in Australia and New Zealand led the development of peer-based approaches. This non-judgemental approach, empathy and acceptance of meeting people where they are ...
Investigation of a secondary syringe exchange program for homeless young adult injection drug users in San Francisco, California, U.S.A
The city of San Diego Wednesday rejoined the ranks of cities offering needle exchange programs as a public health service when the city council voted to reinstate the program. It had been dropped because of waning political support a year ago, but Wednesday it was re-approved on a 6-1 vote. Needle exchanges were first approved in November 2001 and the program was launched in July 2002. It operated out of two centers, one in the East Village and one in North Park. During its operation, the program collected nearly 350,000 dirty needles and distributed more than 285,000 clean ones. But until state law changed this year, cities or counties had to declare a public health emergency every two weeks to keep the programs operating. A year ago this month, the two-week vote failed, and the program was shut down. Needle exchange programs are widely recognized to reduce the spread of diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C by reducing the sharing of syringes. But some opponents accuse them of promoting or ...
Fully developed posts on syringe exchange programs (SEPs) are here and here. A couple more are forthcoming. Here are the notes I took as I read the literature in this area. This is Part II. Part I is here. Part III is here. (0) Impact Evaluation of a Policy Intervention for HIV Prevention in Washington, DC, by Monica
A Proven Practice to Reduce the Spread of HIV and Blood-borne Diseases The Louisville Metro Syringe Exchange Program has served more than 14,000 participants since it began in June 2015. Locations and hours of operation:
Braine, N., Desjarlais, D. C., Goldblatt, C., Zadoretzky, C., & Turner, C. (2006). Patterns of sexual commerce among women at US syringe exchange programs. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 8(4), 289-302 ...
In the midst of a driving November rain, a woman in a stiff wig and a soiled trench coat approached a converted ice-cream truck in East Harlem and exchanged a brown-paper bag of used hypodermic needles for a bag of new ones. Into the bag went several condoms and the friendly admonition, Use them; be safe. It was just another day for the people inside the white truck that houses one of New Yorks needle-exchange programs. Intravenous drug users come to the van, which parks on the street, and trade used needles for new ones in an effort to slow the spread of AIDS through shared needles.
Program organizers were granted a state permit to start a new mobile syringe exchange, but the county and three of the four cities where the mobile program would have made stops - Anaheim, Costa Mesa and Orange - sued to block it. The fourth city, Santa Ana, did not join the suit.. Mayor Katrina Foley said Monday, Aug. 5, that Costa Mesa officials havent seen evidence of a need for the program, such as a spike in diseases transmitted by shared syringes. And, they consider the proposed location of the Costa Mesa stop near an elementary school as not an appropriate location.. Mahan Naiem, who is on the needle exchanges board of directors, said clients who couldnt make it to Los Angeles, where the next closest needle exchange operates, have resorted to used needles, and hes heard stories of cellulitis and other infections. Opioid abuse is a national problem, he said, but peripheral harms from shared needles could be reduced.. Theres a lot of negatives that come with injecting opiates. Some ...
Needle exchange was first introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1985 in response to the AIDS epidemic. Most areas within the UK have pharmacy-based needle-exchange programs (NEPs). Mobile, agency-based and automated needle exchange programs also exist.Despite this widespread availability of free needles, HIV infection among newer UK injection drug users (IDUs) is rising, according to the Health Protection Agency. The data comes from samples taken of addicts who accessed services provided by NEPs and methadone treatment programs. ...
Martin cites a number of alarming statistics to show the size of the drug problem. The number of IDUs is estimated to be between 1 million and 1.4 million. By mid-2000, 36 percent (270,721) of AIDS cases in the United States had occurred among IDUs, their sexual partners and their children, and these three categories of people accounted for half of all new HIV infections in the nation. In fact, 57 percent of children born with AIDS in the United States are the offspring of IDUs or their sexual partners. IDUs also risk exposure to various forms of hepatitis. Between 50 and 80 percent of IDUs contract hepatitis C - the most dangerous strain -- within their first year of needle use ...
PUEBLO - Pueblo County has the highest rate of fatal heroin overdoses in Colorado.. The Pueblo Chieftain reports that Dr. Michael Nerenberg told the Pueblo City Council at its work session Tuesday that the county had 12 heroin overdoses in each 2015 and 2016. The county also had the highest rate of drug-related overdoses with 38 deaths in 2016 including heroin deaths.. Nerenberg oversees the Point Access Pueblo needle-exchange program. He says his program serves about 360 people a month. He says needle-exchange programs are the first step in getting people into treatment.. He said the council and other elected officials should encourage law enforcement to help, not arrest, addicts. ...
Needle exchange is a public health program for people who use drugs by injection (PWID). It is an important component of a comprehensive set of programs designed to reduce the spread of HIV and other blood-borne infections among people who inject drugs, their families and communities. Nationally, about a quarter of all people living with AIDS acquired HIV infection directly or indirectly through injection drug use: either from sharing injection equipment, having unprotected sex with an injection drug user, or transmission to children born to injection drug users.. Needle exchange programs provide new, sterile syringes and clean injection equipment in exchange for used, contaminated syringes. They also get drug users into drug treatment and health care. Other services include testing for HIV, hepatitis, TB and other infections to which drug users are prone; treatment readiness counseling and case management services; education about harms associated with drug use and how to minimize them; and ...
Razavi said studies show if you only have a syringe-exchange program, it reduces new hepatitis C infections by 15 percent; if you only offer medication-assisted therapies, they reduce the rate by 50 percent; but if you have both, that cuts it 75 percent.. These programs are very, very effective. They are very cost-effective, Razavi said. But he added, At the end of the day harm-reduction programs can only go so far.. More than 38,000 Kentuckians are estimated to be chronically infected with the disease, and many dont know they are, because it can take decades for symptoms to appear. If left untreated, hepatitis C can cause liver damage from cirrhosis or fibrosis, liver cancer, and even death.. Kentucky has the potential to get a lot more hep-C cases, quickly. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has identified 54 Kentucky counties among the 220 most vulnerable in the nation to a rapid spread of HIV and hepatitis C infection among persons who inject drugs. Sixteen of the ...
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Needle Exchange Program Based at 103 India Street, the STD Clinic and the Portland Community Free Clinic share space but offer different services. STD Clinic offers limited appointments and drop-in hours for comprehensive sexually transmitted disease testing and prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Call (207)874-8446 to make an appointment or for more information.
Needle Exchange Program Based at 103 India Street, the STD Clinic and the Portland Community Free Clinic share space but offer different services. STD Clinic offers limited appointments and drop-in hours for comprehensive sexually transmitted disease testing and prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Call (207)874-8446 to make an appointment or for more information.
Supporters of needle exchange programs say they provide clean needles to injection drug users to prevent the spread of disease, but Madison County, Indiana, Prosecutor Rodney Cummings said the exchange program in his community brought a different set of is
Urbenville Community Health - Needle Syringe Program The Needle Syringe Program is a public health measure to reduce the spread of blood-borne viral infect
Many of the strategies used by participants in the Staying Safe project could be adopted by anyone who injects drugs and the service providers who provide harm reduction education.. Front-line workers can organize informal peer education sessions where staying safe strategies are shared. Participants could be encouraged to share these strategies with their friends and acquaintances. Staying safe strategies can also be incorporated into existing peer harm reduction training programs.. Where needle exchange programs are unavailable, frontline workers and people who use drugs can advocate for their establishment. Established needle exchange programs could allow people to stock up on needles and other drug use equipment so they can have a long-term supply or share with others.. When offering one-to-one support, service providers can strategize with people who use injection drugs about how to avoid withdrawal, including brainstorming about how to keep their income and drug use in balance. ...
Since the early 1980s there has been a largely uncritical acceptance among health authorities that harm-reduction measures among intravenous drug users is an important strategy to prevent the transmission of blood-borne viruses.. The main motivation for the urgent implementation of these policies was the feared transmission of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among intravenous drug users through unsafe injecting practices, mainly via sharing of needles and injecting equipment, and the wider community with whom they interacted.. Needle-exchange programs were introduced on the basis that intuitively they made sense. When the programs were introduced there was no evidence to support their efficacy nor were there any assurances that they would not cause more harm than good.. Central to harm-reduction think-ing was that these strategies did not necessarily seek to reduce the frequency with which users injected drugs but merely to minimise the harm those who continued to practise these risky behaviours ...
INDIANAPOLIS - Indiana Gov. Mike Pence overrode state law and his own antidrug policies Thursday to authorize a short-term needle-exchange program designed to help contain HIV infections in a rural county where more than six dozen cases have been reported, all of them tied to intravenous drug use.
Critics of a proposal to expand Baltimores syringe exchange believe that would only encourage drug use, but city officials said theyre trying to stop the spread of dangerous diseases.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Seroprevalence of HCV and HIV infection among clients of the nations longest-standing statewide syringe exchange program. T2 - A cross-sectional study of Community Health Outreach Work to Prevent AIDS (CHOW) Project participants, Hawaii, 2012. AU - Salek, Thomas P.. AU - Katz, Alan R.. AU - Lenze, Stacy M.. AU - Lusk, Heather M.. AU - Li, Dongmei. AU - Des Jarlais, Don C.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/10. Y1 - 2017/10. N2 - Background The Community Health Outreach Work to Prevent AIDS (CHOW) Project is the first and longest-standing statewide integrated and funded needle and syringe exchange program (SEP) in the US. Initiated on Oahu in 1990, CHOW expanded statewide in 1993. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalences of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and to characterize risk behaviors associated with infection among clients of a ...
The National Viral Hepatitis Roundtable (NVHR) condemns the imposition of a ban on use of federal funds for syringe exchange in the omnibus spending bill. The FY 2012 omnibus, passed today in the House and expected to pass in the Senate tomorrow, reinstates a complete ban on use of federal funding for syringe exchange programs. This reversal of federal policy represents a huge step backwardin the fight to eliminate hepatitis C and other blood-borne viruses, despite numerous studies demonstrating that access to sterile syringes reduces the incidence of HIV and viral hepatitis.. Access to sterile syringes a cost effective life saving measure, and syringe exchange programs also connect people who use drugs to substance use treatment and medical care. For two years, since the original lifting of the ban, syringe exchange programs around the country have worked closely with local law enforcement and health officials to make syringe access a part of their communities HIV and viral hepatitis ...
The basic idea behind needle exchanges - shown to be effective in two decades of public health research and endorsed by the Trump administration - is to give new needles to people using illegal drugs so they dont share used ones and spread disease, while also offering them healthcare and an entry point into treatment. There are more than a dozen needle exchange programs in West Virginia, already hit hard by the nationwide epidemic of illicit opioid drug use and overdoses. The HIV outbreak in Charleston followed the city ending its own needle exchange program in 2018 over complaints about needle litter. Similarly, nearby Cabell County limited its program that year to people willing to use state identification, which cost it half of its participants and sparked an HIV outbreak there.. When you have an HIV outbreak, you want to get needles to as many people as possible. This law will instead shut down almost every program in West Virginia, said West Virginia University public health expert Robin ...
The purpose of this dissertation was to use the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to predict Texas community pharmacists willingness to provide sterile syringes to known or suspected intravenous drug users (IDUs). The study explored the utility of the TPB constructs (attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control) and recent past behavior to predict willingness to provide sterile syringes as well as determined if attitude towards the provision of sterile syringes to known or suspected IDUs differed by gender. A total of 500 surveys, developed from three structured focus groups, were mailed to practicing Texas community pharmacists. An overall response rate of 35.1 percent was obtained. In general, pharmacists were not willing to provide sterile syringes to known or suspected IDUs, held negative attitudes toward the provision of sterile syringes, were somewhat influenced by social norms and perceived to have some control over the provision of sterile syringes. For belief-based measured ...
Today amfAR is releasing a new short film, The Exchange, about the public health value of syringe exchange programs and the importance of ending the ban on federal funding for syringe exchange.. The film, along with other materials on syringe exchange and harm reduction policy issues, is here.. Please share the link widely.. Thank you to everyone who worked on the project. In particular, thank you to the Open Society Foundations for making the film possible.. Chris ...
Dr. Grau is a clinical psychologist with training in health psychology and has expertise in identifying the cognitive and emotional correlates of risk and preventive health behaviors. She has been involved in the field of HIV prevention research for over fifteen years and has been working with syringe exchange programs for almost a decade. Dr. Grau has conducted multisite, longitudinal evaluations of syringe exchange programs, including a feasibility and cost-effectiveness study of offering hepatitis vaccination through syringe exchanges. She also has experience in HIV and hepatitis prevention research with sexually active adolescents, minority and drug using populations, and most recently with older populations. In addition, she has led womens support groups at the local syringe exchanges. On a broader level, Dr. Grau is interested in research that will result in the development and implementation of individual, family- and community-based harm reduction interventions.. ...
Last week, I was out with our friends from Citiwide Harm Reduction on their Friday evening syringe exchange to drug users and sex workers in the South Bronx. For those of you unfamiliar with these services, syringe exchange programs give people new syringes and safe disposable containers, collect old containers, distribute condoms, hygiene and first aid kits and provide information about HIV and other services. This has all been legal and funded by NYS since the mid 1990s when Yale and other schools of public health proved through vigorous studies that sharing needles was the primary way injection drug users were infected. If they were given an ongoing supply of clean needles, along with condoms, the spread of infection could be greatly reduced. Its probably one of the most daring attempts yet to stem the HIV pandemic. To date there is still a Congressional ban on federal spending for such programs.. But back to my Friday night! Bailey Houses contribution to the evening was 20 bags full of ...
Washington Offices and Barbara Jordan Conference Center: 1330 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005 , Phone 202-347-5270 www.kff.org , Email Alerts: kff.org/email , facebook.com/KaiserFamilyFoundation , twitter.com/kff. Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California. ...
By Scott Burris. In documenting how often public health law research does influence legislation, Ive used syringe exchange programs as an example of evidence NOT guiding policy. Despite the consensus in health research that increasing access to sterile syringes has helped reduce HIV, state drug paraphernalia laws, and pharmacy regulations remain a barrier, as does the lack of strong and stable funding for the programs that are working. The case was just made again in an article in the Annals of Health Law. Rachel Hulkower and Leslie Wolf retell the story of the federal funding ban, going over the evidence yet again, and argue that state inaction would best be overcome with money: replacing the federal ban with a positive endorsement and real funding. (As long as we are in an optimistic mood, I would add strings - no HIV funding for states that dont remove legal barriers to syringe access. This would balance the scales a bit for Congress past sin in requiring state recipients of HIV funds to ...
Legislation supported by the City Bars Committee on AIDS and Committee on Drugs and the Law was signed by the Governor last week which will eliminate a gap in legal protections for individuals participating in syringe exchange programs. Syringe exchange programs have been shown to be effective in helping to stop the spread of HIV and other blood-borne diseases, however current law makes it possible for participants in these programs to be arrested and charged with criminal possession of a controlled substance. This new legislation will close this loop-hole by de-criminalizing possession of a hypodermic syringe or needle that is lawfully possessed but contains a residual amount of a controlled substance.. August 3, 2010. ...
Whatman™ Puradisc™ 13mm Sterile Syringe Filters Pore size: 0.45μm; 50/pk. Whatman™ Puradisc™ 13mm Sterile Syringe Filters Sterile...
Renee Cox has a map that shows where Prevention Point Pittsburgh, with its needle exchange program, cannot go. Thats because in 2008, the Allegheny ...
Senate Approves Needle Exchange Program Wikimedia Commons The Florida Senate on Wednesday overwhelmingly approved a proposal that would create a needle-exchange pilot program in Miami-Dade County. The legislation (SB 242) comes as Florida leads the nation in newly diagnosed HIV cases, while Miami-Dade and Broward counties are the top two counties in the country for […] Read More ...
The Aboriginal Drug and Alcohol Council (SA) fully supports Needle and Syringe Programs. Without these Programs we believe we would see a catastrophic rise in blood borne viral infections amongst Indigenous people. Needle and Syringe Programs are essential harm minimisation tools that from our point of view are stepping stones to abstinence. We see Needle and Syringe Programs as being readily accessible by community members who do inject drugs. We are fully supportive of any Needle and Syringe Programs that can address these issues. ...
Return on Investment for Needle and Syringe Programs: Investment in NSPs (2000-2009) has resulted in: • An estimated 32,050 HIV infections and 96,667 HCV infections averted; • Substantial healthcare cost savings to government related to HCV and HIV; • Substantial gains in Disability Adjusted Life years.
Conservative Cincinnati. Like Tennessee, needle exchanges are illegal in Ohio unless they are sanctioned by a citys health commissioner under an emergency order. Such an order was issued in Cleveland, where a needle exchange has been operating since 1995. At that time, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17 per cent of the citys new HIV infections were among IV drug users. Today that number has dropped to 3.4 per cent.. But its a different story in Cincinnati, where its a crime to possess a dirty syringe, regardless of whether youre the user or a volunteer at a needle exchange. While both the citys mayorand health commissioner say they support a needle exchange in theory, STOP AIDS Cincinnati, a local AIDS prevention and support group that operates on a harm-reduction model, must make the case for a needle exchange to the entire city council and health board.. Cincinnati is notably a fairly conservative city, and we have some groups in the city who kind of ...
THE SIDNEY MORNING HERALD, 6 May 2009 - The United Nations says Australias efforts to halt the spread of HIV/AIDS in Asia with policies advocating needle exchange and drug substitution are providing a model for nations throughout the region. UNAIDS Asia Pacific director Prasada Rao said Australias calls for Asian states to take a fresh look at their drug laws and strategies to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS was gaining ground. Australia has stepped up its calls for harm reduction strategies that include needle exchange programs among narcotic users in countries where tough penalties for possession and trafficking of narcotics, especially heroin, include the death penalty.
In 2011 18.5% of HIV infections in the US were attributable to intravenous drug-use (IDU) - a significant proportion (Lansky & Wejnert (STIs)). The issue of IDU fuelled HIV transmission has been brought forcibly to the attention of Americans in the last few weeks by the recent HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana, US. This local epidemic appears to have been the result of the recreational use of the opiate, Opala. The number of infections has continued to rise, reaching a new peak of 130 this last week (Indystar/needle exchange; npr/Indianas HIV spike).. The effectiveness of public health interventions amongst IDU, including needle exchange programmes is well-established. Recent studies in Russia and East-European contexts (Vagaitseva & Demyanenko (STIs); Boci & Bani (STIs)), where IDU accounts for greatest proportion of infections, have also come to very positive conclusions about their cost-effectiveness (Demyanenko & Vagaitseva (STIs). They have also considered ways of improving uptake ...
In the absence of widespread publicly sponsored needle exchange programs, the proposal has been made that physicians prescribe syringes and needles to intravenous (IV) drug users in order to reduce the risk of infection from HIV and other diseases that could result from needle sharing. One question is whether physicians who engage in this behavior, as well as pharmacists who fill the prescriptions, face a significant threat of malpractice liability if the IV drug user or someone else, perhaps an innocent bystander, is harmed as a result of the prescribed equipment. No such cases have been reported, per- haps because the practice is not yet frequent. For the reasons explained in the analysis that follows, it is unlikely that any malpractice suits would be brought successfully in the future.
The Needle Syringe Program operates out of the Frances Hewett Community Centre. It aims at minimising the spread of HIV, Hep B and C and other blood born viruses. Needles and syringes are provided free of charge to injecting drug users.. A 24 hour disposal bin is available on site and provides for safe and accessible means of needle and syringe disposal. The Service is offered in a comfortable and non-judgemental environment with information available on a variety of harm minimisation strategies. ...
The Indiana State Department of Health said Friday that there are 120 confirmed H.I.V. cases tied to a county that began a needle exchange program two weeks ago.
The table includes syringes provided through fixed and mobile NSP sites in the community and in prisons: at specialist drugs agencies, including through outreach work and peer-distribution, through vending machines and pharmacy-based NSP site.. Where data are not available, the table entry is left empty.. The methodology to collect data on the reporting coverage of syringes distributed changed between 2005 and 2007. In 2007 the coverage was quantified as the percentage of reporting NSP sites (NSP site: the term site is used to describe physically distinct outlets where syringes can be obtained for free or in exchange against used ones.). (1) Data on number of syringes in 2003 and 2005 are estimates.. (2) Data on number of syringes in 2005 are estimates.. (3) An internet based system for all reporting agencies was set up in 2008, thus establishing a working procedure for data reliability and consistency control. Any discrepancies with previous data is due to this change in the reporting system ...
PORTSMOUTH, Ohio - Without fear of prosecution, the man brought 10 needles he had used to pump heroin into his veins downtown for a trade. Whats your ZIP code? asked Randy Schlegel. 45662, said the man.
In its complaint, EPA states that the Army neglected to monitor the tanks for leaks, adequately protect against potential spills and investigate operating conditions. EPA also states that both parties failed to test leak detection devices at three tanks owned by the Army and operated by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service. The underground storage tank systems at the facility stored fuel for vehicles and emergency generators, and used oil. Several of the violations date back to the installation of the tanks and equipment, which took place 18 years ago. The Army and the Army and Air Force Exchange Service have stated that their underground storage tank systems are now in compliance. ...
A kidney exchange is an innovative twist on efforts aimed at increasing the donor pool by giving people who are unable to receive a kidney from a loved one or friend the opportunity to still receive a kidney through an exchange between incompatible donor-recipient pairs. Now, with this exciting new program, you can exchange donors with another pair(s) in a similar situation as you, making transplantation possible.. Read more ». ...
The new Staff Exchange Programme builds on these foundations by enabling both companies to share local expertise and hospitality knowledge to best cater for guests from Japan and Thailand, key feeder markets for each company respectively.
The AUAs Academic Exchange Programs provide promising young urologists the opportunity to gain a global perspective in urology while broadening their cultural horizons.
This report outlines the findings of the Work Package 8 meeting of the Joint Action on HIV and Co-infection Prevention and Harm Reduction (HA-REACT), which took place in Vilnius.. One aim of HA-REACTs Work Package 8 (WP8) is to help countries access harm reduction funds, especially via EU structural funds. WP 8 introduces three country examples, presenting different harm reduction funding flows, and a document containing key financial terms.. ...
This report outlines the findings of the Work Package 8 meeting of the Joint Action on HIV and Co-infection Prevention and Harm Reduction (HA-REACT), which took place in Vilnius.. One aim of HA-REACTs Work Package 8 (WP8) is to help countries access harm reduction funds, especially via EU structural funds. WP 8 introduces three country examples, presenting different harm reduction funding flows, and a document containing key financial terms.. ...
Florida has struggled for years with opioid overdoses - and the highest rate of HIV infection in the U.S. Lawmakers now hope needle exchanges and a "harm reduction" approach could help save lives.
The nations is divided - are supervised injection facilities illegal and only serve to promote illicit drug use, or are they a step toward harm reduction as they save lives?
There are a wide range of practices that fall under the umbrella of harm reduction. This may include on-site and mobile equipment supply distribution programs (e.g., needle exchanges, safe crack use kits, safer sex supplies, biohazard containers, etc.) intended to reduce injury and the spread of diseases. It may also include safe injection and consumption sites, and overdose prevention and treatment, as well. Providing simple information such as the amount of alcohol in a standard serving of wine, beer, and spirits can help people make decisions about what and how much they drink. Motivational interviewing, a special counselling technique, can support change in small increments, over time. At a more fundamental level, people may need to hear the message that it matters whether they live or die, and therefore it matters that they use clean needles and safer practices. Other people may need to secure basic needs like safe housing and food before they can even contemplate other changes. Evidence ...
Chlamydia is affecting our community greatly especially in 15-24 year olds. It is at a 50% infection rate with approx. 75% no symptom rate. Testing for STDs is easy and quick. Most can be tested for with a simple urine sample and many can be cleared by a simple dose of medication. It is important to remember that most people do not have symptoms of STDs but approximately 1 in 4 people have one. If STDs are left untreated they can cause more serious problems such as infertility and pelvic inflammitory disease. The best way to know if you have an STD is to GET TESTED. Partcipating in risk reduction such as condoms, lube, testing, monogamy, and more can greatly reduce your risk. Remember that condoms only protect some parts. Some STDs such as genital warts (HPV), and herpes (HSV) can be passed from skin to skin contact.. ...
Vancouver, BC, September 13, 2010 - A study led by researchers at the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE) at St. Pauls Hospital and the University of British Columbia has found that supervised injection facilities such as Vancouvers Insite connect clients with addiction treatment, which in turn resulted in greater likelihood of stopping injection drug use for at least six months.. The study, recently published in the peer-reviewed journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, is the first ever to examine the link between a supervised injection facility and injection cessation.. Extensive research has already shown that supervised injection facilities lead to increased uptake into addiction treatment, but no one has ever examined whether this translates into stopping injection drug use, says Kora DeBeck, a PhD candidate at UBC and researcher at the BC-CfE. This study found that after Insite staff help people who use drugs enter addiction treatment, they are more likely to stop ...
Watch the recording now! Harm reduction services and syringe exchange are more than just a prevention strategy. Access to these vital services enables HIV testing, linkage to care and other critical health/social… Read More ...
Watch the recording now! Harm reduction services and syringe exchange are more than just a prevention strategy. Access to these vital services enables HIV testing, linkage to care and other critical health/social… Read More ...
The NEPS-an interdisciplinary network of research institutes, research groups, and individual scientists-pulls together the expertise of about 220 scientists from more than 30 research sites across Germany. By integrating theoretical and methodological approaches from the fields of pedagogy, psychology, sociology, and economics, the NEPS is building up a unique database for the investigation of educational careers in Germany. With more than 60,000 frequently tested and interviewed subjects of different ages-from birth to the educational and employment stages all the way through the postemployment phase-as well as 40,000 additionally surveyed individuals from the subjects social surroundings, NEPS opens up substantive possibilities for analysis in the context of educational research.. The design of NEPS enables mid- and long-term contributions towards answering the following key questions in educational research:. ...
The Behavioral Health Services division of the Frederick County Health Department has been awarded nearly $23,000 in grant funding from the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) to
Some public health experts think Marion County should be among those starting their own exchanges to prevent the spread of diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV.
About Matthew Singer A native Southern Californian, Music editor Matthew Singer gentrified Portland in 2008. Before ruining the city with his presence, he was an editor at his hometowns alt-weekly. He is an advocate for the canonization of the Fishbone and Oingo Boingo discographies, believes pro-wrestling is a serious art form and has no interest in Game of Thrones. As if all that werent bad enough, he is also a big Lakers fan. Unfortunately, he doesnt plan on leaving the state anytime soon.. ...
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While much of jacobovicis archaeological evidence for the exodus comes from egypt, some comes from mycenae on mainland greece, such as a gold ornament that somewhat resembles the ark of the covenant. And above it all, prices in our area do not reflect those of other tourist areas in the mountains. Check the compost when adding scraps, making sure that the wind has not dried the compost out. These data from the first year of the nyc syringe exchange evaluation, are consistent with data from other studies which have shown that syringe exchanges are not attracting new injectors des jarlais et al. A national survey sponsored by the napbs - employers universally using background checks to protect employees, customers and the public - found that 96 percent of the employers surveyed mature dating online site in the united kingdom stated that their organizations conducted one or more types of employment background screening. Think of all the great, young musicians who were hired by miles davis. Latino ...
Two leading figures in the Swedish Users Union (Svenska brukarföreningen - SBF) have reported themselves to the police for handing out clean syringes to drug addicts.
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The label is executed as strip-shaped and adhered as directed in a self-overlapping fashion to a syringe body (1) which is inserted in a syringe protector formed from an insert (5) and a receiver (4). In the longitudinal direction of the strip it successively has a base section (11), two voucher sections (12 a , 12 b), a protective section (13), a holding section (14) and a grip tab (15). The label can be unrolled and pulled out from the syringe protector by a grip tab (15) so that the voucher sections (12 a , 12 b) are freely accessible. If necessary, after inserting the syringe body (1) into the syringe protector, the grip tab (15) can be extracted through lateral openings (24, 25) to a certain extent by gently turning the syringe body (1) relative to the syringe protector and then gripped since the grip tab (15) is at some distance after sticking the label onto the syringe body (1). If the grip tab (15) is provided with a suitable slope, during insertion of the labelled syringe body (1) into the
Harm Reduction Coalition advances policies and programs that help people address the adverse effects of drug use including overdose, HIV, hepatitis C, addiction, and incarceration.
It is indeed something of a puzzle that demutalized exchanges have not reduced tick size. As I have noted before, the demand for exchange services is a derived demand. The higher the price/cost of complementary services, such as liquidity supply, the lower the demand curve for exchange services-and hence the lower the fee that the exchange can charge. By reducing tick size, an exchange will reduce the price that liquidity suppliers charge; if the tick size is currently binding, the marginal cost of liquidity provision equals the tick size, and competition between potential liquidity suppliers dissipates any profit they could earn by resulting in queuing of orders and a commensurately lower probability of execution of a limit order. By reducing the tick size, the exchange reduces the marginal cost of liquidity, and raises the derived demand for its services. It can profit from this by raising its fee. Thus, it is not quite the win-win-win Burghardt suggests; any decline in liquidity costs that ...
"Point for point: Canada's needle exchange programs". CBC News. Toronto. 27 October 2004. Retrieved 6 June 2016.. ... Efforts to reduce drug-related deaths in the DTES included the opening of a needle exchange in 1989,[36] the opening of North ... "Vancouver Downtown Eastside Putting it All Together: Plans Policies, Programs, Projects, and Proposals: A Synthesis" (PDF). ... Regional Mental Health & Addiction Program (November 2013). "Improving health outcomes, housing and safety: Addressing the ...
... also known as syringe exchange programs, syringe service programs or needle-syringe programs), where people who inject drugs ( ... France allowed pharmacies to dispense needles without a prescription and implemented needle exchange programs. In 1996, they ... 5.0 micron wheel filter (e.g., Apothicom Sterifilt)-now shared in some needle exchange programs instead of cotton-is intended ... A prominent method for addressing the issue of disease transmission among intravenous drug users are needle exchange programs ( ...
Abeni's list of services Abeni is a supporter of the Orange County Needle Exchange Program, a nonprofit needle-exchange program ... "Orange County Needle Exchange Program". OCNEP. "Home , Epic Church, Fullerton CA". www.epicchurch.net. Retrieved 2015-10-17. ... and provided donations of lube and advice to the Pacific Northwest outreach program STROLL.[citation needed] Muñoz's first ... in Orange County, California, that seeks to provide clean needles and HIV testing to those in need, as well as other services. ...
The Lead Program The Needle Exchange Program (NEP) seeks to reduce HIV, hepatitis C, and other infections by reducing the ... "Baltimore City Needle Exchange Program". Baltimore City Health Department. Operation Safe Kids Archived February 14, 2016, at ... The program also helps drug users overcome addiction by linking them to drug treatment services. In addition, the program ... The Baltimore City Health Department administers many programs under each of its nine divisions and bureaus. Some programs are ...
The hospital was also one of the first health care facilities in Australia to suggest the idea of a needle exchange program, in ... The hospital instituted Australia's first needle exchange program in 1986. The immunology ward of the hospital was highly ... "Needle exchange program marks 20 years". ABC News. Retrieved 17 January 2016. http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/tourists-taking- ... The head of the transplant program was Windsor, but the surgeon who conducted the first successful transplant in 1982 was ...
The CDC defines needle exchange programs (NEP), also known as syringe services programs, as "community-based programs that ... Loue S, Lurie P, Lloyd LS (1995). "Ethical issues raised by needle exchange programs". The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. ... An Exploratory Study of a Needle Exchange Program in Fresno, California". Social Work in Public Health. 31 (5): 398-407. doi: ... The Harm Reduction Action Center, one of those organizations, provides substance abuse users with a needle exchange and ...
She also agitated for needle exchange programs. In 1991, Norman worked with the LIFE Lobby to pass AB101, a bill prohibiting ...
The AHRC's needle exchange program is also the largest and most comprehensive such program in the South. The program is ... is an Atlanta-based non-profit organization that operates the only needle exchange program in Georgia. Such programs were ... Emerson, Bo (11 August 2015). "Heroin use in Atlanta: film examines needle exchange program". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. ... A third weekly needle exchange was added in the Little Five Points neighborhood. In 2015, the North Carolina Harm Reduction ...
Hill strongly opposed needle exchange programs, and successfully pressured Madison County to halt its program. He favored ... Does Indy Need A Needle Exchange Program?, Indianapolis Monthly (December 2017). Tony Cook, Attorney General Curtis Hill ... AG Curtis Hill says Wayne County exemplifies needle exchange dangers, Richmond Palladium-Item (June 21, 2018). Adam Wren, ... programs from constitutional challenge. In August 2017, Hill was criticized by some state legislators for spending $279,000 in ...
Local businesses have protested the center's needle exchange program. Aurora Commons also provides condoms and other services ... Steve Kiggins (July 23, 2013). "Needle exchange gets prickly in Greenwood". Tacoma: KCPQ. Sophia Stephens (June 12, 2018). "In ...
With his guidance, Iran instituted a nationwide needle-exchange program; instituted condom distribution in health-care clinics ... Kamiar Alaei's "Health Diplomacy" project, an exchange program for American medical students, brought U.S. medical students to ... Prior to their arrest, they developed harm-reduction programs in Iran and developed the program Global Health in the Middle ... Eventually their program grew to a network of clinics in 67 Iranian cities and 57 prisons. Together, the doctors co-authored " ...
Needle Exchange Program". Blueridge Public Radio. Retrieved 2019-10-19. Castillo, Tessie (2018-04-29). "Harm Reduction vs. ... In August 2018, Firestorm was cited by the City of Asheville for hosting a regular needle exchange event that included the ...
Programs included self defense classes, free breakfasts and needle exchange. After a mural was painted on the wall of Qilombo ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "HB 3238: Creating a needle exchange program". Empower Texans. Retrieved January 13, ... He voted to create a clean needle exchange. In 2013, Smith voted for Medicaid expansion, a vote that according to Americans for ... He voted against the funding of school choice programs. The same year Smith voted for the levying of a "granny tax" on nursing ...
Public needle disposal and syringe service programs (SSPs) or needle exchange programs (NEPs) have also proven to reduce the ... Needle exchange programs are an effective way of decreasing the risk associated with needlestick injuries. These programs ... Drop-off collection sites Syringe exchange programs Mail-back programs Home needle destruction devices Household hazardous ... Needle exchange programs were first established in 1981 in Amsterdam as a response from the injecting-drug community to an ...
He questioned the efficacy of employee drug testing and needle exchange programs. Musto was wary of government efforts to curb ...
PEPFAR also does not fund needle exchange programs, which are widely regarded as effective in preventing the spread of HIV.[25] ... Most of the $15 billion for the program was to be spent on these focus countries, $4 billion was allocated for programs ... In December 2014, PEPFAR announced a program PEPFAR 3.0 focusing on Sustainable Control of the AIDS epidemic. This program was ... "Latest PEPFAR Program Results". pepfar.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2015.. *^ "PEPFAR: Working Toward an AIDS-Free Generation". ...
In 1996, the D.C. Council passed a clean needle exchange program law. However, in 1998, Congress voted to block the law. In ... "Letter to the House on Needle Exchange in D.C. Appropriations Bill". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved May 24, 2017. ... "ACT UP DC: Congress blocks DC clean needle exchange, medical marijuana again". www.glaa.org. Retrieved May 24, 2017. Goldstein ... Almendrala, Anna (September 3, 2015). "Washington D.C. Is Proof That Needle Exchanges Save Lives". Huffington Post. Retrieved ...
Bearman received attention for discussions on his show of needle exchange programs in Santa Cruz. A fill-in host for Bearman ... The programming is a mix of local and national shows. The morning hours feature a locally produced news-and-comment program ... The station programming is a mix of local, syndicated and brokered programming (meaning a person can purchase an available hour ... KSCO also sells programming hours to augment advertising income. Brokered programing includes that of Dr. Joel D. Wallach, a ...
Outpatient services include pain management services, and a needle exchange program unique to the region. Originally known as ...
He raised objections to needle-exchange programs and called for increased funding for poor nations. On 2 April 2012, World ...
Needle exchange programs (NEPs) are an attempt to reduce the spread of blood-borne diseases between intravenous drug users. ... "Needle Exchange: A Primer". PBS. Retrieved October 18, 2017. Lurie, Peter (1993). The Public Health Impact of Needle Exchange ... unused needles in exchange for their used needles. This allows for proper disposal of the needles. Empirical studies confirm ... Substitution: Replace needles without safety devices with ones that have a safety feature built in. This has been shown to ...
There was growing concern, mostly from local health departments, about the efficacy of needle-exchange programs. Although a " ... even though CDC research has said there are stable crime rates in areas where needle-exchange programs operate. California ... from local boards of health who were concerned that the law would remove the boards from control of needle-exchange programs. ... Non-profit organizations are permitted to conduct clean-needle programs without local board of health approval but with a ...
These include needle exchange programs and methadone treatments as a way of reducing the drug problem. Drug addicts are usually ... "An Enlightened Exchange in Iran". 2010-11-29. Abrahamian, Tortured Confessions (1999), p.169 Amnesty International (August 29, ... usually in exchange for forgiveness. In addition, they may be forced to also pay diyyeh as well, for injuries inflicted during ... and he promised to enter a drug rehabilitation program.[citation needed] Civil crimes such as hoolganism (ashrar), aggravated ...
Serrano's announcement forced the issue and her pressure led to pilot needle-exchange program by the DOH. In 1990, after the ... It was the first needle exchange in the United States. In 1985, the Department of Health (DOH) under City Health Commissioner ... "Yolanda Serrano, 45, Organizer Of Anti-AIDS Needle Exchanges". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-10-23. Carter, Zoe (1988-05- ... and defied laws banning the unauthorized use of needles and syringes by announcing that ADAPT would start a needle exchange in ...
This has led to the development of needle exchange programs and safe injection sites as a public health measure, which may ... In the United States, there are 39 states that offer programs to provide needle or syringe exchange. Over half of non- ... This is partly because needles get duller with each use and partly because reusing needles increases risk of infection. Needles ... and some localities offer needle exchange programs. In 2018, the California State Assembly passed Assembly Bill 186 to launch a ...
He signed a law allowing people participating in needle exchange programs to be immune from criminal prosecution. He also ... After completing the program in 1967 he entered active duty in the United States Army, serving in the Vietnam War during its ... Davis's Governors Scholarship program provided $1,000 scholarships to those students who scored in the top 1% in two subject ... Davis signed into law legislation that began the Eligibility in the Local Context (ELC) program that guaranteed admission to a ...
... contains a review of the research supporting needle exchange program and declares that the "effectiveness of NEPs [ needle- ... it further claims that the WHO position on needle exchange programs "is not based on solid evidence." An opinion piece in The ... exchange programs ] to reduce HIV among IDUs [ injection drug users ] is overrated;" ... cited the journal to justify the Canadian Government's objections to harm-reduction programs. Politicization of science War on ...
The CA in one Member State has no jurisdiction in any other member state, but exchanges information and tries to reach common ... The aim of this program was to "develop a process that allows a single audit, or inspection to ensure the medical device ... Examples of Class II devices include acupuncture needles, powered wheelchairs, infusion pumps, air purifiers, and surgical ... In 2014-2015 a new international agreement, the Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP), was put in place with five ...
Nearly all programs train nephrologists in continuous renal replacement therapy; fewer than half in the United States train in ... This typically involves the insertion, under local anaesthetic and ultrasound or CT guidance, of a core biopsy needle into the ... Blood products including intravenous immunoglobulin and a process known as plasma exchange can also be employed. ... and plasma exchange. Kidney problems can have significant impact on quality and length of life, and so psychological support, ...
BVM ventilation and needle cricothyrotomy. SimMan®3GEdit. SimMan®3G is a full size lifelike mannequin that allows for ... This guide may be virtual in nature, such as prompts from a computer program, or may be physically present, in the form of an ... With true respiratory gas exchange, PediaSIM HPS inhales oxygen and exhales CO2, interfaces with real clinical monitors and ... Responds to needle thoracentesis and chest tube placement. PediaSimEdit. The PediaSim was created for pediatrics in need of ...
Wodak A, Cooney A (2006). "Do needle syringe programs reduce HIV infection among injecting drug users: a comprehensive review ... Kaplan EH, Heimer R (1995). "HIV incidence among New Haven needle exchange participants: updated estimates from syringe ... King JT, Justice AC, Roberts MS, Chang CH, Fusco JS and the CHORUS Program Team (2003). "Long-Term HIV/AIDS Survival Estimation ... Kirby DB, Laris BA, Rolleri LA (March 2007). "Sex and HIV education programs: their impact on sexual behaviors of young people ...
needles pointing into the wind Accretion of small, supercooled fog droplets frozen in place. Thin breakable crust forms on snow ... California Data Exchange Center (2007). "Depth and Density". Department of Water Resources California. Archived from the ... Personnel - Addresses training and deployment of staff to effectively execute the anti-icing program, using the appropriate ... Snowflakes take on a variety of shapes, basic among these are platelets, needles, columns and rime. As snow accumulates into a ...
... and made implements such as awls and needles from turkey and deer bones. Despite the availability of fish in the area's rivers ... The park initiated the Archaeological Site Conservation Program in 1995. It analyses data pertaining to how sites are ... but archaeologists believe that local potters exchanged decorative wares between families. Cooking pots made with crushed ...
The use of needle exchange programs in areas with a high density of drug users with HIV is an example of the successful ... Programmed cell death Apoptosis. Pyknosis. Karyorrhexis. Karyolysis. Accumulations. pigment Hemosiderin. Lipochrome/Lipofuscin ... Viral Infections - Do You Know the Difference?" National Information Program on Antibiotics ...
Lucas and the Masked Man race to pull all seven needles. The final needle takes Lucas and his company to New Pork City in the ... It'll be given in units called DP (Dragon Power). You can use DP in shops and other places in exchange for good and services ... He conceptualized the development as moving 3D puppets before realizing the degree of programming required. As development wore ... At the final needle, the Masked Man is revealed to be a brainwashed Claus. During the battle between Claus and Lucas, Claus's ...
The program featured live performances of works by Handel, Puccini, Rachmaninoff, Parry, Vaughan Williams, Tchaikovsky and Karl ... part of the proms were held in the Bedford Corn Exchange. Following the end of World War II the proms continued in the Hall and ... Cleopatra's Needle. *Crystal Palace transmitting station. *London Eye. *London Wall. *Marble Arch ...
In exchange for their protection, Scytale has given the Bene Gesserit the knowledge to create axlotl tanks to grow their own ... One of the Baron's male slave lovers is implanted with a poison needle; the Baron, warned by Hawat, eludes the attempt on his ... She finds that the Tleilaxu have secretly programmed him with the male equivalent of the sexual powers used by the Honored ... A game of words begins, and the Matre tries to persuade her to join the Honored Matres, preserving her life in exchange for ...
British television program Paddington Station, 11 pm to midnight, Friday 13 April 2018, British television station "5 Select" ( ... Cleopatra's Needle. *Crystal Palace transmitting station. *London Eye. *London Wall. *Marble Arch ...
Children's Vaccine Program: The Children's Vaccine Program, run by the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), ... "U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.. *^ "Who We Are - Leadership CHRISTOPHER ELIAS PRESIDENT". Bill & Melinda Gates ... Headquarters complex in Seattle as seen from the Space Needle. In 1994, the foundation was formed as the William H. Gates ... University Scholars Program: Donated $20 million in 1998 to endow a scholarship program at Melinda Gates' alma mater, Duke ...
Each armor program can select a unique series of projectiles and velocities as required. The DOD and MOD armor programs-of- ... Au exchange-rate back then, equivalent to ~$50,000 circa 2016, exceeding mean annual income.[12] ... The trend in multi threat armor continues with requirements for needle protection in the Draft ISO prEN ISO 14876 norm. In many ... Their program adopted a rigorous scientific approach and collected data on human attack capacity.[64] Their ergonomic study ...
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the fiscal year ended: December 31, ... "Department of Health and Human Services National Toxicology Program. Retrieved 2 July 2005.. ... needle-like,[48] shimmering, hexagonal plates consisting mainly of primidone.[47][49] ...
Low-threshold treatment programs. *Needle-exchange programme. *Poly drug use. *Polysubstance abuse ... "Treatment Programs for Substance Use Problems - Mental Health". www.mentalhealth.va.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-17.. ... "Maternal substance use and integrated treatment programs for women with substance abuse issues and their children: a meta- ... Programs, Problems, Prospects. Washington, D.C.: Joint Information Service of the American Psychiatric Association and the ...
The Jesuits renewed missionary activity in the 1630s, with a new program that increased in scope until around 1650. Tarahumara ... The Needles. *New River Mountains. *New Water Mountains. *Newton Butte. *Painted Rock Mountains ...
The magnetized compass needle - known in Chinese as the "south-pointing needle" - was first described by Shen Kuo in his 1088 ... and establishing sponsorship programs to allow a wider range of people to be well educated and eligible for state service.[29] ... captured territories held by both Song and Vietnamese were mutually exchanged in 1082, along with prisoners of war.[28] ... The Song government supported social welfare programs including the establishment of retirement homes, public clinics, and ...
Various programs were developed with the aim of promoting safe sex practices among college students. These programs were ... Sharing any type of sex toy that may draw blood, like whips or needles, is not recommended, and is not safe.[47] ... The concept included limiting the number of sexual partners, using prophylactics, avoiding bodily fluid exchange, and resisting ... The term was related with the need to develop educational programs for the group considered at risk, homosexual men.[citation ...
Elders-in-residence is a program that involves elders in teaching and curriculum development in a formal educational setting ( ... There are dances for fun, social gatherings, exchange of goods, and thanksgiving. Yup'ik ways of dancing (yuraryaraq) embrace ... sewn together using needles made from animal bones, walrus ivory, and bird bones such as front part of a crane's foot and ... 17 Yup'ik villages had adopted local elementary bilingual programs by 1973. In the 1980s and 1990s Yup'ik educators became ...
"Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" is a fundraising program to support UNICEF,[86] a United Nations Programme that provides ... "Urban Legends Reference Pages: Pins and Needles in Halloween Candy". Snopes.com. Retrieved 31 October 2008.. ... in exchange for praying for the dead, especially the souls of the givers' friends and relatives.[87][88][89] Soul cakes would ... Started as a local event in a Northeast Philadelphia neighborhood in 1950 and expanded nationally in 1952, the program involves ...
Kaplan EH, Heimer R (1995). "HIV incidence among New Haven needle exchange participants: updated estimates from syringe ... HIV/AIDS Education in Teacher Preparation Programs. *HIV InSite. *How Aids Works (with animation) ...
Koza, John R. (1992). Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection, Complex Adaptive ... December 1991). "Genetic exchange between kingdoms". Current Opinion in Genetics & Development (Amsterdam, the Netherlands: ... Varki, Ajit; Altheide, Tasha K. (December 2005). "Comparing the human and chimpanzee genomes: searching for needles in a ... Radding, Charles M. (December 1982). "Homologous Pairing and Strand Exchange in Genetic Recombination". Annual Review of ...
... and the future of the program is uncertain. Since CAMAD cannot offer services such as HIV testing, needle exchange, or safe ... stereotypes create a sense that nothing can be done to help a paco addict and thus stands in the way of rehabilitation programs ...
Political programs such as mandatory vehicle emissions testing and the prohibition of smoking indoors are actions taken by ... Another complexity not entirely documented is how the shape of PM can affect health, except for the needle-like shape of ... The respirable fraction is what is deposited in the gas exchange regions (alveoli). The smallest particles, less than 100 ... Thoracic particles can penetrate right into terminal bronchioles whereas PM which can penetrate to alveoli, the gas exchange ...
"Great Floridian Program". Retrieved April 2, 2012.. *^ "Edison Community College (Ohio)". Edison.cc.oh.us. Archived from the ... an allowance of $35 (equivalent to $1,008 in 2020)[28] per week, in exchange for not using the Edison name; the son began using ... every size of needle, every kind of cord or wire, hair of humans, horses, hogs, cows, rabbits, goats, minx, camels ... silk in ... "National Historic Landmarks Program (NHL)". Tps.cr.nps.gov. January 12, 1965. Archived from the original on August 8, 2011. ...
Biennial RPS Program Update Section 913.6 Report , January 2016 , Page 5. California Public Utilities Commission ... United States Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10K, Southern California Edison Company https://www.sec.gov/Archives/ ... Needles Public Utility. *Palo Alto Public Utility. *Pasadena Water & Power. *Pittsburg Public Utility ... Department of Labor concluded Infosys did not abuse the H1-B program in the dealings with SCE, while Tata's case remained open. ...
... like needle exchange programs (where IV drug users can get clean needles which will not spread the virus) and treatment for ... The worker is more likely to get infected if the needle they were stuck with was hollow, or if the needle stuck deeply into ... using a needle) so that needles do not have to be re-used.[11] ... Hepatitis C can be spread through needles, syringes, and ... In many parts of the world, intravenous (IV) drug use (shooting drugs into a vein using a needle) is a major risk factor for ...
Needle and thread use with soft coral. coralgarden.co.uk (May 8, 2009). Retrieved on November 8, 2011. ... The University of Hawaii has come up with a Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program to help relocate and restore coral ... Reef life and oceanic processes create opportunities for exchange of seawater, sediments, nutrients, and marine life among one ... In most parts of the ocean, there is little exchange between these layers. Organisms that die in aquatic environments generally ...
Free needles are available at the Needle Exchange Program, Thursday, March 24, 2016, as part of the Scott County Health ... Marion County needle exchange program a step closer to reality. Jordyn Hermani, Indianapolis Star Published 11:54 a.m. ET June ... Marion County needle exchange program a step closer to reality. A City-County Council committee Tuesday night voted unanimously ... Marion County needle exchange program a step closer to reality A City-County Council committee Tuesday night voted unanimously ...
But while federal funding for such programs has grown in recent ... Needle-exchange programs, like those in San Francisco, can help ... How Needle-Exchange Programs Work. Needle-exchange programs, like those in San Francisco, can help reduce HIV infections and ... But while federal funding for such programs has grown in recent years, they still face many challenges.. ...
Needle-exchange programs designed to cut injection drug users risk of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and other infections do ... seem to reduce needle sharing, but there is only limited evidence that they lower disease transmission, a new research review ... many of the needle-exchange programs studied in these reviews had strict limits on the number of syringes and needles they ... there was strong evidence across the reviews that needle-exchange programs reduce the sharing or reuse of dirty needles, and no ...
We as the residents here, would like to see a program of some sort be created so that the needles are either no longer allowed ... It is not fair to our children to be caught up in the middle of this, and not fair they have to risk stepping on needles and ... Two days ago a 12 year old child was pricked by a needle near a preschool. He will now have to go under months of testing to ... Although there is a team to clean the debris, The needles do not have to be returned and Lethbridge residents are finding mass ...
It was just another day for the people inside the white truck that houses one of New Yorks needle-exchange programs. ... and trade used needles for new ones in an effort to slow the spread of AIDS through shared needles. ... trench coat approached a converted ice-cream truck in East Harlem and exchanged a brown-paper bag of used hypodermic needles ... Linda Edwards turning in used needles for new ones at an exchange program on the Lower East Side. (Photographs by Michelle V. ...
Tagged with: Arizona Legislature needle exchange needle exchange programs Opioid opioid crisis opioids opioids crisis Public ... The Arizona House is considering a proposal that would legalize needle exchange programs for illicit drug users for the first ... Arizona House considers legalizing needle exchange programs. February 20, 2018 Leave a comment ...
New York State Authorized Needle Exchange Programs. Locations and Hours of Operation ...
The nations drug czar has touted needle-exchange programs as a way to reduce the spread of disease and to steer heroin users ... One component allows local governments to set up needle-exchange programs where addicts can swap dirty needles for clean ones. ... Nations drug czar touts needle-exchange programs. Michael Botticelli, Mitch McConnell visit NKY for drug prevention talks. ... The nations drug czar has touted needle-exchange programs as a way to reduce the spread of disease and to steer heroin users ...
... In the March 8 Journal, there was information of the plan to support the needle exchange program. ... ANOTHER TAKE Your community has nothing to fear from the needle exchange. Here in Sydney, we have had needle exchanges for ... Opening a needle exchange does not mean condoning the use of drugs. We have seat belts in cars to protect people, but that does ... All a needle exchange means is recognizing that people will use drugs (as the U.S. knows only too well) regardless of whether ...
In some cases, legislation must be changed in order to allow needle exchange programs to be put in place. We now know such ... Behind that success story of a needle exchange program, theres a long history of inaction that helped fuel the epidemic of HIV ... In 1998, Congress banned the use of federal funds for needle exchange programs but did allow states and cities to use locally ... Lawmakers on Capitol Hill should follow that courageous lead and lift the ban on federal funding for needle exchange programs, ...
Home Article Budget Negotiations Threaten D.C. Needle-Exchange Programs. Budget Negotiations Threaten D.C. Needle-Exchange ... The remaining battle involves cutting funding to D.C. for needle-exchange programs that prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. D.C. ... In 1998, Republicans in Congress banned D.C. from putting local funds toward needle exchanges, even thought dirty needles ... prohibiting local funding for abortion services and needle-exchange programs, and bringing back a school-voucher system. This ...
Needle-exchange programs have proven they can cut the death rate and the spread of HIV and hepatitis caused by sharing dirty ... Although clean-needle-exchange programs have been adopted by many cities, including New York City, its ultimately a bad idea. ... The courts ban is not absolute, however, and unfortunately needle-exchange programs are so pervasive that one is inevitable ... New Jerseys Appellate Court ruled that the proposed needle- exchange program would violate state laws on drug paraphernalia. ...
Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday voted to have health officials study the feasibility of a countywide needle ... exchange program to help slow the spread of the AIDS virus.The vote ... The vote does not authorize any county agency to begin a needle exchange program or sanction exchange programs by private ... But Supervisor Ed Edelman said: "We need an objective study (as to) whether a needle exchange program will help stop the spread ...
Needle Exchange) NONPROFIT NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM TO CONTINUE ST. JOHNSBURY -- A nonprofit agency will continue running its ... needle exchange program for drug users but is seeking clarification from the state Health Department on several of its ... The program is designed to provide clean syringes, allowing those who might otherwise inject heroin with dirty needles to ... Farrell expressed concerns about requiring clients to collect needles. "We are seriously concerned about requiring program ...
Needle-sharing by opiate addicts is fueling an alarming rise in new HIV infections among injection drug users, and the United ... authorize needle-exchange programs.. Congress first prohibited the use of federal funds for syringe service programs in 1998, ... Although needle exchange programs have been politically controversial for decades, studies have demonstrated their public ... Needle exchanges not only provide sterile needles and syringes, they can also help people get counseling, disease testing for ...
Lawmakers now hope needle exchanges and a harm reduction approach could help save lives. ... Hansel Tookes, head of Miamis needle exchange pilot program He has been pushing legislators to legalize needle exchanges since ... Florida Republicans Approve Miami Needle-Exchange Program : Shots - Health News Florida has struggled for years with opioid ... This mobile unit in Miami-Dade County is part of the only legal needle exchange program operating in the state. But a new law ...
Needle-Exchange Program. Health officials in BexarCounty, Texas, are considering if they should launch the states firstneedle- ... Texas is theonly state nationwide that does not have a needle-exchange program, the Timesreports. Reed, who is opposed to the ... Texas "needs afully funded, statewide needle-exchange program run by local public healthofficials," the editorial says, adding ... that would establish the states first needle-exchange program in Bexar County,which includes San Antonio.Rep. Ruth McClendon ( ...
... those opposed to needle exchange programs cite the following:. *The programs promote drugs by offering needles to help a person ... The Pros and Cons of Needle Exchange Programs Written by McCarton Ackerman , created on 17 April 2015 , modified on 11 August ... Needle exchange programs can ultimately serve as a solid middle ground for people who arent fully ready to stop using yet, but ... Michael Botticelli, Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, has praised needle exchange programs as a way to ...
Needle Exchange Program Based at 103 India Street, the STD Clinic and the Portland Community Free Clinic share space but offer ... Needle Exchange Program All non-essential services and buildings will remain closed until further notice. However, limited ... The Portland Needle Exchange Program (NEP) is located at 103 India Street in Portland and can be reached via phone at (207) 756 ... New! Contact-Free Needle Exchange Services and Naloxone Distribution are now available at 103 India St. on a limited schedule. ...
Needle Exchange Program Based at 103 India Street, the STD Clinic and the Portland Community Free Clinic share space but offer ... Needle Exchange Program The Portland Needle Exchange Program (NEP) is located at 103 India Street in Portland and can be ... The volunteer run outreach team provides needle exchange services on the corner of Elm and Oxford Streets in downtown Portland ... You will be brought into the exchange room and asked a few basic questions regarding demographics and risk assessment. You will ...
The Denver Post on Friday examined efforts to establish needle-exchange programs in Colorado to reduce the risk of HIV and ... 185 cities in Colorado have needle-exchange programs, but legislation that would have legalized needle exchanges statewide did ... The Denver Post on Friday examined efforts to establish needle-exchange programs in Colorado to reduce the risk of HIV and ... Proponents of needle-exchange programs say they prevent HIV and hepatitis C, but opponents say they condone injection drug use ...
Which is why needle-exchange programs hand them new, sterile needles. This idea, while well-intentioned, presents a whole new ... Drug users were given clean syringes during the weekly Orange County Needle Exchange Program at Santa Ana City Hall until the ... It allows the California Department of Public Health to authorize needle-exchange programs only if the city or county in which ... The California Department of Public Health, Office of AIDS, has cautioned that some existing needle-exchange programs have not ...
... is considering starting a program of its own to combat an increase in diseases transmitted by reusing and sharing needles. ... provide clean needles and other supplies to help reduce the negative health effects of habitual drug use in Western North ... the Needle Exchange Program of Asheville and The Steady Collective, ... Two local needle exchange programs, The Steady Collective and the Needle Exchange Program of Asheville, have been working to ...
... statistics and information about needle exchange and syringe service programs, an important and effective harm reduction ... Home » Chapters » Syringe Service and Needle Exchange Programs. Syringe Service and Needle Exchange Programs. Related Chapters: ... Needle exchange programs can "prevent significant numbers of [HIV] infections among clients of the programs, their drug and sex ... 14. Services Offered by Syringe Services Programs / Syringe Exchange Programs. "Despite differences in program size, operating ...
Needle exchange programs provide injection drug users with clean syringes and safe disposal of used sharps in an effort to ... Organizers of the Orange County Needle Exchange Program are waiting for a court to decide whether they can operate a mobile ... Nathan Birnbaum helps Mary Jane Fox fill out a survey during the weekly Orange County Needle Exchange Program in January at ... Meanwhile, the Orange County Needle Exchange Program has counter-sued to challenge the temporary bans in Anaheim and Costa Mesa ...
Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programming in reducing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users  ... Browsing Publications by Subject "Needle-Exchange Programs". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U ... Guide to starting and managing needle and syringe programmes  World Health Organization; UNAIDS; UNODC (‎Geneva : World Health ... Interventions to address HIV in prisons : needle and syringe programmes and decontamination strategies  ...
Rivero said Arizona needs to join other states in allowing the programs that he said are the best way to draw addicts in and ... Rivero of Peoria is pushing the legislation as part of an effort to cut opioid addiction and diseases spread from dirty needles ... The Arizona House is considering a proposal that would legalize needle exchange programs for illicit drug users for the first ... There are needle exchange programs in several parts of the state, but they are run without legal approval. Some law enforcement ...
Scott County should continue its needle exchange program to make police and community safer and bridge people with substance ...
Florida is poised to reverse a longstanding ban on needle exchanges and allow counties statewide to approve their own programs ... Also with them in the gallery was advocate Julia Negron, who has pushed for needle exchange programs where she is based in ... the University of Miami doctor who runs the pilot program and has spearheaded the effort to bring needle exchanges to Florida. ... who changed his personal position on needle exchanges after visiting the Miami-Dade programs Overtown clinic late last year. ...
The program now will be up for renewal at the end of August 2018. ... on Thursday night voted unanimously to extend the program for ... The program now will be up for renewal at the end of August 2018.urlneedle exchange, hepatitis C, Clark County2017-08-11T00:00: ... AP) - A southern Indiana county is extending its needle exchange program aimed at curbing the spread of hepatitis C and HIV ... Southern Indiana County Extends Needle Exchange Program. Clark County commissioners on Thursday night voted unanimously to ...
  • At a long table in the front, people came to get one of two types of hypodermic needles, alcohol swabs, little bottles of water and bleach to clean their needles, condoms, and clean caps to "cook" their drugs. (nytimes.com)
  • Only hospitals, clinics and health care professionals are legally permitted to have hypodermic needles. (redorbit.com)
  • There have been numerous studies demonstrating that needle exchange programs-community-based efforts that allow injection drug users to swap old hypodermic needles and other paraphernalia for clean works-and methadone programs curb users risk of contracting HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. (hepmag.com)
  • A needle and syringe programme ( NSP ), syringe-exchange programme ( SEP ), or needle exchange program ( NEP ) is a social service that allows injecting drug users (IDUs) to obtain hypodermic needles and associated paraphernalia at little or no cost. (wikipedia.org)
  • A needle and syringe program is an initiative that provides sterile, unused hypodermic needles and equipment - at no cost - to people who inject drugs. (legalaid.on.ca)
  • Marion County is one step closer to having a needle exchange program to help stymie the spread of HIV and hepatitis C among intravenous drug users. (indystar.com)
  • We have a growth in the amount of hepatitis C cases and this (program) is a way to address it directly by encouraging people to come in for observation of symptoms, opportunities for treatment and to address this escalation of cases in our county," council president Vop Osili said. (indystar.com)
  • Based on what we've understood, a syringe exchange program has proven to be the most effective way nationally to address the spread of hepatitis C. (indystar.com)
  • Caine said the introduction of the program wouldn't mean an immediate decline in diagnosis rates for hepatitis C and HIV - quite the opposite. (indystar.com)
  • When it came to hepatitis C, a liver infection usually spread through infected blood, there was insufficient evidence to say whether the programs are effective or not, according to Palmateer's team. (ibtimes.com)
  • On the contrary, needle exchanges have helped reduce the incidence of HIV & Hepatitis C, thus saving the community a lot of money and keeping addicts healthy until hopefully they are ready to stop using drugs. (mapinc.org)
  • Our rate of HIV & Hepatitis C in Australia is significantly lower than in the U.S. because we have had needle exchanges for close to 15 years. (mapinc.org)
  • The drug problem is more than rampant AIDS and hepatitis infections, which a clean needle program would fix. (redorbit.com)
  • Needle-exchange programs have proven they can cut the death rate and the spread of HIV and hepatitis caused by sharing dirty syringes. (redorbit.com)
  • The program is designed to provide clean syringes, allowing those who might otherwise inject heroin with dirty needles to prevent contracting hepatitis C and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. (mapinc.org)
  • During his speech, Botticelli said needle-exchange programs are a way to reduce the spread of hepatitis and HIV by discouraging use of dirty needles by multiple people. (wlwt.com)
  • When people share dirty needles to inject those drugs, it puts them at high risk for spreading bloodborne infections like HIV and hepatitis C. For years, Florida has had America's highest rates of HIV. (npr.org)
  • All NEP participants receive education on risk reduction, overdose prevention education, naloxone, case management services, testing for HIV, Hepatitis C, STDs and referrals to drug treatment programs upon request. (portlandmaine.gov)
  • It's a reality that prisoners get hold of drugs in our prison system and, because of the sharing of needles, hepatitis C is also shared. (thebody.com)
  • Providing clean needles to drug users helps reduce bloodborne infections and the transmission of diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS. (mountainx.com)
  • NEPA and The Steady Collective aim to reduce addicts' reliance on dirty needles, which can cause bacterial infections like the one Jamie contracted, as well as transmit hepatitis and HIV/AIDS when shared. (mountainx.com)
  • Just last April, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned health officials all over the U.S. to look for signs of emerging outbreaks - like the use of injection drugs and an increase in HIV or hepatitis C, which can also be spread through needle sharing. (rollcall.com)
  • Although needle exchange programs have been politically controversial for decades, studies have demonstrated their public health benefits in dramatically reducing the rate of HIV transmission and risk of hepatitis infections among injection drug users without increasing the rate of illegal drug use. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Sharing needles and syringes is a direct route of transmission for HIV and hepatitis B and C viruses. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Needle exchanges not only provide sterile needles and syringes, they can also help people get counseling, disease testing for HIV and hepatitis C, and referrals to places where patients can get treatment. (chicagotribune.com)
  • AP) - A southern Indiana county is extending its needle exchange program aimed at curbing the spread of hepatitis C and HIV among intravenous drug users. (wfyi.org)
  • Clark County Health Officer Dr. Kevin Burke says he believes the discovery of new cases of hepatitis C, a disease spread through sharing needles, shows the exchange is justified. (wfyi.org)
  • Experts will tell you people are tempted to use old needles that may be contaminated with HIV, hepatitis or other diseases, perpetuating the contagion. (ocregister.com)
  • In Bartholomew's Monday presentation, he will cite data showing such programs can reduce transmission of infections such as HIV and hepatitis C, keep infectious needles out of the community, increase access to opioid overdose-reversal medication and increase the likelihood people will seek treatment for their addiction. (mcall.com)
  • Needle exchange programs provide injection drug users with clean syringes and safe disposal of used sharps in an effort to limit the spread of HIV, Hepatitis C and infections that can result from reusing or sharing needles. (ocregister.com)
  • It's the first to receive state approval under a new state law that provides for exchanges if a community proves it's facing an HIV or hepatitis C epidemic fueled by intravenous drug use. (wlky.com)
  • Despite the overwhelming evidence that needle-exchange programs (NEPs) can help reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, many legislators refuse to support such efforts and instead write off death and illness as "just deserts" for illegal behavior, said William Martin, senior fellow in religion and public policy at the Baker Institute. (innovations-report.com)
  • Between 50 and 80 percent of IDUs contract hepatitis C - the most dangerous strain -- within their first year of needle use. (innovations-report.com)
  • The most carefully studied program was in New Haven, Conn., where researchers estimated that the HIV and hepatitis B transmission rates dropped by approximately one-third during the first two years of the program. (innovations-report.com)
  • They can get clean needles, clean ancillary injecting supplies, which is aimed primarily at preventing HIV and hepatitis C transmission," Mackin says. (wbur.org)
  • As a result of this many drug users share needles, spreading diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C. These diseases have become near pandemics. (palmpartners.com)
  • And last but not least those opposed to needle exchange programs say that HIV transmission and Hepatitis C transmission have increased despite the use of needle exchange campaigns and programs and not just that but if an addict should choose to use drugs they must live with the risk of transmitting diseases. (palmpartners.com)
  • Not only do needle exchange programs save money by inhibiting the spread of disease according to advocates it also keeps tax payers from having to pay for the treatment that most addicts with HIV or Hepatitis C use, government funded treatment. (palmpartners.com)
  • These programs have been proven to help people reduce drug use, seek treatment and also reduce the spread of diseases like HIV and hepatitis C. (wlrn.org)
  • Needle exchange programs are a time‐​tested, proven method of reducing HIV and hepatitis ever since they were first implemented in this country in the 1980s. (cato.org)
  • Statistics show one year of this program costs less than treating one case of HIV or four cases of hepatitis C,' Earhart said in January. (wcpo.com)
  • I never really understood why the majority of people get infected with disease such as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV) and Hepatitis C. It was made clear to me when I started my nursing career, that people who get infected with these diseases are drug users because they share needles with someone else. (123helpme.com)
  • Caine said hepatitis C comes from the sharing and reusing of needles. (fox59.com)
  • Such a program is medically necessary and it will save lives," she said, noting that such a program would slow the spread of hepatitis C and HIV. (fox59.com)
  • Examines the association between use of syringe exchange and hepatitis B and C in IDUs. (nap.edu)
  • The Tacoma syringe exchange's role as the primary source of HIV prevention for local IDUs may have contributed to the magnitude of the association between syringe exchange and risk of viral hepatitis. (nap.edu)
  • Past research has looked at how well needle exchange programs work: For example, a Washington state study found that a needle exchange program led to more than an 80 percent reduction in the new cases of hepatitis B and C infections-both blood-borne diseases that also can be passed on through the use of dirty needles. (healthcanal.com)
  • The medical student founders of the Orange County Needle Exchange Program (OCNEP) were hopeful that the services they created would address the gap in coverage and help decrease new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus infections in the county by increasing access to clean needles and safely disposing of dirty ones. (cmanet.org)
  • The initiative will give federal inmates access to clean needles in an effort to limit the transmission of infectious diseases, such as hepatitis C and HIV, the prison service said in its announcement. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • It said a program to provide clean drug-injection needles to prisoners could reduce the spread of hepatitis C by 18 per cent a year. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • If you want to know more about the Commonwealth's response to the heroin crisis and increased risk for HIV and hepatitis C, contact the Department of Health and the Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs . (publicsource.org)
  • Visit the CDC online for federal research on HIV/AIDS , hepatitis C and needle exchanges . (publicsource.org)
  • Needle exchange programs, along with opiate replacements like methadone, can significantly reduce the risk of hepatitis C transmission through sharing injection drug use equipment, according to a study published in the journal Addiction and reported by Reuters. (hepmag.com)
  • Surprisingly, few studies have documented whether these programs also reduce the risk of transmitting hepatitis C virus (HCV). (hepmag.com)
  • The researchers found that while seven percent of drug users who didn't regularly use clean needles were infected with the hepatitis C virus, less than four percent of those who employed clean needles in all of their injections contracted hepatitis C. (hepmag.com)
  • The implication is that hepatitis C transmission can be reduced by opiate substitution therapy and needle and syringe programs, especially their combination," said study co-author Matthew Hickman, BSc, MSc, PhD, Professor in Public Health and Epidemiology at the University of Bristol. (hepmag.com)
  • Lawrence County follows in Madison County's footsteps, voting to end its needle exchange program aimed at stopping spread of HIV, hepatitis C. (indystar.com)
  • Lawrence County health board members and hospital officials supported extending the programs's contract to provide intravenous drug users with clean syringes and to collect used ones to reduce needle-sharing that spreads diseases, including hepatitis C and HIV, according to The Herald-Times . (indystar.com)
  • Adams wrote in a June blog post about the "staggering statistics" that since 2015 - when he helped persuade Mike Pence, as governor of Indiana at the time, to approve the exchanges - 219 people in Scott County had been diagnosed with HIV, and nearly 95 percent of those people were also infected with hepatitis C. (indystar.com)
  • I was approached by a nurse at the Burnaby Correctional Centre for Women who was studying women getting Hepatitis C through shared needle use. (legalaid.on.ca)
  • Needle exchange programs have been shown to reduce the transmission of serious diseases like HIV and hepatitis C and increase the likelihood that substance users will seek treatment services. (mahec.net)
  • Above: Reporter Kenny Goldberg tells host Gloria Penner about his reporting on the rise in hepatitis C and the difficulty in implementing clean needle exchange programs at the local level. (kpbs.org)
  • People who inject drugs and who are female, homeless or amphetamine users often share needles and syringes, and consequently run a higher risk of infection hepatitis C virus infection that affect the liver. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • Our results indicate that preventative measures and harm-reducing interventions such as needle exchange must be made easily accessible at an early stage to reduce the spread of hepatitis C," says Martin Kåberg, senior consultant and doctoral student at the Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet (Huddinge), and medical director of the needle exchange program at the Stockholm Centre for Dependency Disorders. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus which is spread mostly through non-sterile use of needles and syringes among people who inject drugs. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • In the four constituent papers of the thesis, the researchers found that roughly half of the participants in Stockholm's needle exchange program were infected with hepatitis C within two to five years of injection drug use debut. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • The needle exchange has also gradually reached a larger number of individuals who are not already infected with hepatitis C at the time of their first visit to the program, which makes it possible to prevent the spread of hepatitis C at an earlier stage. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • Doctoral thesis: 'Hepatitis C in people who inject drugs in the Stockholm needle exchange program: incidence, spontaneous clearance and change in risk behaviour', Martin Kåberg, Karolinska Institutet 2019, ISBN: 978-91-7831-430-0. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • On Tuesday, the county Board of Supervisors heard an annual report on the county Syringe Exchange Program, a service that accepts contaminated needles and sells back clean needles in a safe, no-questions-asked environment to protect users - many of them drug addicts - from spreading HIV, AIDS, and hepatitis C. (hcvadvocate.org)
  • The programs are designed to prevent the spread of HIV and hepatitis C by providing clean needles and other sterile supplies to intravenous drug users in a nonthreatening environment. (newsandtribune.com)
  • People who inject drugs (PWID) are at an increased risk for Hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV due to needle sharing practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • It takes one simple prick of a contaminated needle to put someone at risk of acquiring Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, or HIV infections with Hepatitis B being the easiest to contract, followed by Hepatitis C then HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost 50% of people who participate in IVDU have Hepatitis C. Not only are blood borne diseases passed via needle sharing, but so are bacterial infections that can ultimately cause sepsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sharing and re-using syringes can transmit disease, such as HIV and hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Needle exchange can prevent this transmission. (publichealthmdc.com)
  • Over 90 per cent of people in prison are going to be back in the community and these people have family and friends who are going to be affected or infected with HIV and hepatitis C as a result of CSC's non-provision of needle exchange and syringe programs," he said. (blogspot.com)
  • Needle exchanges are part of a " harm reduction " model, in which advocates call for programs that limit the negative consequences of drug use instead of ignoring or condemning people who use drugs. (mcall.com)
  • The program launched through the state's Harm Reduction Act of 1996. (poz.com)
  • Those who are advocates for needle exchange programs fully believe in harm reduction. (palmpartners.com)
  • Whether it's through opening more opportunities for drug treatment and counseling or harm reduction through needle exchange programs which can lead to a more healthy lifestyle, I feel as if the whole point should try to be helpful not hurtful. (palmpartners.com)
  • We had a panel on Safe Injection Facilities that featured the program director of North America's oldest such facility in Vancouver, BC at a harm reduction conference held at the Cato Institute last March. (cato.org)
  • According to the Harm Reduction Coalition, every $385,200 that is spent on needle exchange programs can prevent 30 HIV infections. (123helpme.com)
  • Needle exchange programs are a type of harm reduction initiative used in different parts of the world to combat HIV transmission. (123helpme.com)
  • While the general public shows low support for legalizing safe consumption sites and syringe services programs, these harm-reduction strategies are supported by research and could play important roles in alleviating the public health burden from the opioid epidemic. (jhsph.edu)
  • President of the Kanawha-Charleston Board of Health, Brenda Issac, has called for an internal review of the agency's harm reduction and needle exchange program. (dailyjournal.net)
  • In an embrace of harm reduction principles, the Portuguese government has approved the establishment of safe injection sites for drug users and is working to have needle exchange programs in prisons by 2008, Medical News Today reported on August 30. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • While the state comes to grip with soaring health care expenses associated with fighting diseases tied to addiction, many say investment in harm reduction that syringe exchanges can offer is a good first line of defense. (newsandtribune.com)
  • While syringe exchange programs aren't new in the U.S. - some states have had them for decades - the recent surge in intravenous drug use by Hoosiers puts Indiana among states with a growing need for the harm-reduction services. (newsandtribune.com)
  • Harm reduction efforts including safe disposal of needles, supervised injection sites, and public education may help bring awareness on safer needle sharing practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much research has been done on risk factors that may predispose an individual to needle sharing in an effort to improve the effectiveness of needle-exchange programs (NEPs) and other harm reduction programs for PWID. (wikipedia.org)
  • NEPs, also known as syringe exchange programs (SEPs), are a form of harm reduction policy that provide new needles to persons addicted to drugs in exchange for used ones in order to help control the spread of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Brown said the difficulty comes in determining what proportion of lower H.I.V. infection rates can be attributed directly to needle exchanges and how much can be attributed to greater knowledge among addicts from other sources about how to protect themselves. (nytimes.com)
  • The 25,000 addicts who belong to the exchanges carry laminated cards with code numbers. (nytimes.com)
  • The concept has come a long way from just three years ago, when the AIDS group Act Up ran two illegal underground needle exchanges for 1,000 addicts. (nytimes.com)
  • Like the other exchanges, the Lower East Side directs addicts to counseling and rehabilitation if they so desire. (nytimes.com)
  • GIVING clean needles to addicts is no way to solve the drug problems that plague our society. (redorbit.com)
  • Needle programs only help drug addicts stay high. (redorbit.com)
  • Sterile needles don't address the underlying problems addicts are avoiding. (redorbit.com)
  • The clean-needle opponents should continue raising objections to this evil practice that makes it easier for drug addicts to stay drugged. (redorbit.com)
  • One component allows local governments to set up needle-exchange programs where addicts can swap dirty needles for clean ones. (wlwt.com)
  • Needle-sharing by opiate addicts is fueling an alarming rise in new HIV infections among injection drug users, and the United States doesn't have enough syringe programs in place to reduce that risk, according to a report released Tuesday. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In fact, data indicates that addicts involved in these programs are actually more likely to attend long-term rehab than those who don't. (recovery.org)
  • When addicts receive the needles, they also make contact with the public health system, possibly for the first time. (ocregister.com)
  • Rivero said Arizona needs to join other states in allowing the programs that he said are "the best way to draw addicts in and start getting them into treatment. (apnews.com)
  • Other countries, particularly the Netherlands and Australia, have demonstrated that supplying drug addicts with clean needles in exchange for their used ones is an effective means of reducing the incidence of blood-borne diseases. (innovations-report.com)
  • One place where the Massachusetts opioid crisis comes starkly into view is inside a brightly lit room on Albany Street in Boston that houses the AHOPE - Addicts Health Opportunity Prevention Education -- needle exchange program. (wbur.org)
  • She says the decision to institute the program before needle possession was legalized in Charleston in December 2015, was made after realizing that addicts were desperate enough to pose as diabetic patients to receive needles. (wsaz.com)
  • Needle exchange programs are government funded programs that supply clean needles to drug addicts so that they are at a lower risk of sharing needles and spreading diseases. (palmpartners.com)
  • Needle exchange programs according to those who are pro needle exchange campaigns are not just about protecting the drug addicts they are also about protecting the public from the consequences of spreading disease. (palmpartners.com)
  • For nearly a decade, Congress had banned the District from using government money to give addicts clean needles, even though intravenous drug use is blamed for helping to spread HIV in the District. (drugs-forum.com)
  • Just after Thanksgiving, however, Prevention Works' employees learned the agency was out of rubber gloves, antibiotic ointment and diabetic needles, the needles of choice among addicts. (drugs-forum.com)
  • There is not much public health concern as politically charged as the debate over whether the federal government should fund programs that provide hygienic needles to drug addicts to help prevent the spread of HIV. (essaydemon.com)
  • A southern Indiana county has become the second to end its needle exchange program over concerns it enables addicts - and one county official expressed moral objections as well. (indystar.com)
  • Lawrence County is wise to back off the practice of distributing free needles to heroin addicts and other opioid abusers," Hill said in the statement. (indystar.com)
  • Free needles are available at the Needle Exchange Program, Thursday, March 24, 2016, as part of the Scott County Health Department's response to an HIV outbreak linked to intravenous drug use in Scott County. (indystar.com)
  • Debris floods our city, while trying to get the problem under control there are various places being allowed to contribute to the problem by distributing free needles. (ipetitions.com)
  • So far, the Tippecanoe County Needle Exchange Program has 83 participants and has given away 4,475 free needles. (wlfi.com)
  • 3 free needles a day for 50 years is $55. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • There shouldn't be any controversy regarding these programs because there is no evidence that anyone will suddenly experiment with heroin because free needles are available. (123helpme.com)
  • If one person is infected and they share needles, Caine said, that person could infect 20 to 30 people a week. (indystar.com)
  • When desperate they'll do anything, they'll share needles in a heartbeat then lie about it later or won't remember. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • There was also insufficient evidence of the effectiveness of alternatives to standard needle-exchange programs -- including vending machines that sell syringes and needles, and outreach programs that go to drug users rather than having them come to a clinic. (ibtimes.com)
  • For example, many of the needle-exchange programs studied in these reviews had strict limits on the number of syringes and needles they could give clients, Palmateer and her colleagues note. (ibtimes.com)
  • He is enrolled in a methadone program for his heroin addiction, he said, but injects cocaine. (nytimes.com)
  • The nation's drug czar has touted needle-exchange programs as a way to reduce the spread of disease and to steer heroin users into treatment. (wlwt.com)
  • Arrow, a heroin user since the 1970s, is a client of Florida's first clean needle exchange, a pilot program in Miami that has proved so successful that conservative Republicans want to expand it. (npr.org)
  • The van is a mobile health clinic and syringe exchange where people who inject drugs like heroin and fentanyl can swap dirty needles for fresh ones. (npr.org)
  • The timing of the statewide legalization of needle exchanges comes as Florida grapples with a huge heroin and fentanyl problem. (npr.org)
  • Needle exchange programs can ultimately serve as a solid middle ground for people who aren't fully ready to stop using yet, but are aware of the danger they face with continued heroin use . (recovery.org)
  • Around the globe there are illicit drug users who inject drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and prescription pills directly into the bloodstream with syringes or needles. (palmpartners.com)
  • More than 300 of these programs are already in place across the U.S., including in cities such as Baltimore that have long been plagued by heroin use. (jhsph.edu)
  • While the use of heroin and other opiates is on the rise in San Luis Obispo County, a local needle exchange program is getting some dirty needles off the streets and reducing the risks of disease, according to a new report by the county Department of Public Health. (hcvadvocate.org)
  • She's a heroin user who's been coming to the exchange for 10 years. (kvpr.org)
  • Needle sharing is the practice of intravenous drug-users by which a needle or syringe is shared by multiple individuals to administer intravenous drugs such as heroin, steroids, and hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • A woman shows her clean syringes at the Aids Center of Queens County needle exchange outreach center in New York, November 28, 2006. (ibtimes.com)
  • The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday voted to have health officials study the feasibility of a countywide needle exchange program to help slow the spread of the AIDS virus. (latimes.com)
  • Last week, the Los Angeles City Council took steps to protect needle exchange programs by asking Mayor Richard Riordan to declare the AIDS epidemic a local public health emergency. (latimes.com)
  • Followingthe vote from the County Commissioner's Court,Reed recently said that the law authorizing the exchange program is faulty (Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, 8/20/07). (emaxhealth.com)
  • FOR THE TAKING: Michael Harney, prevention educator with the Needle Exchange Program of Asheville, stands beside a cabinet containing injection supplies at the Western North Carolina AIDS Project headquarters in Asheville. (mountainx.com)
  • NEPA, a program of the Western North Carolina AIDS Project that operates out of WNCAP's offices at 554 Fairview Road, distributed 570,000 needles between July 2016 and June 2017. (mountainx.com)
  • The remaining battle involves cutting funding to D.C. for needle-exchange programs that prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. (prospect.org)
  • European countries who have similar community programs , including Switzerland, Brazil and Norway, have seen a reduction in new cases of HIV contraction and the overall spread of AIDS. (recovery.org)
  • The California Department of Public Health, Office of AIDS, has cautioned that some existing needle-exchange programs have not made matters better, but worse through threatening non-drug-using residents. (ocregister.com)
  • New Mexico AIDS Services is targeting intravenous drug users through its needle-exchange program, which has effectively provided clean injecting equipment to the at-risk community for the past three years, Farmington, New Mexico newspaper The Daily Times reports. (poz.com)
  • People enrolled in the program receive an ID card that allows them to carry needles legally, said Mark Lewis, rural case manager with the Farmington branch of New Mexico AIDS Services. (poz.com)
  • The new study, published in the scientific journal, AIDS and Behavior, may help to inform the ongoing debate among policymakers about whether to provide funding for programs that distribute sterile injection equipment to drug users. (healthcanal.com)
  • Needle exchange programs help the most disadvantaged and vulnerable people, including drug users and people who exchange sex for drugs, says Ruiz, adding that the program is a potent weapon in the war against AIDS. (healthcanal.com)
  • Despite $1 million in city AIDS funding over three years, the District's largest needle-exchange program is nearly out of cash and has at times been unable to supply clean syringes to intravenous drug users. (drugs-forum.com)
  • Background Although Needle Exchange Programs (NEP) are a great tool in fighting HIV/AIDS and yielding a significant cost savings for intravenous drug users (IDU) the challenge of the programme remains the irregular uptake of services from the clients and attracting new clients. (bmj.com)
  • The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network has long argued for needle-exchange programs in Canadian prisons, and applauded the planned program as a sign the federal government "recognizes the solid and mounting international evidence" about the effectiveness of needle programs in preventing needless infections. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • China's HIV and AIDS epidemic has mainly affected the drug users in the country due to sharing infected needles but now the increase of sexual transmission of HIV causes great concern for China. (bartleby.com)
  • After 13 years of debate without action, New Jersey is now the only state without a needle-exchange program -- a title the state should be embarrassed to hold, especially since its accompanying titles include fifth highest rate of adult HIV/AIDS cases in the nation and double the national percentage of cases caused by injection. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • Clinton doesn't, according to their comments at the video-taped events, which included a tense, revealing exchange between Clinton and a veteran AIDS activist, Charles King. (politico.com)
  • A former federal inmate and four AIDS prevention organizations are suing the federal government for failing to provide needle and syringe exchange programs inside Canadian prisons. (blogspot.com)
  • Steady gave out over 100,000 needles between July 2017 and June 2018. (mountainx.com)
  • The program now will be up for renewal at the end of August 2018. (wfyi.org)
  • The Orange County exchange launched in 2016 in the Santa Ana Civic Center and was the only such program in the county, but it was shut down in early 2018 after Santa Ana officials denied the nonprofit a permit to continue operating, citing used needles that littered public areas in and around the Civic Center. (ocregister.com)
  • The new report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that use of these programs has increased substantially during the past decade, but most people who inject drugs still don't always use sterile needles. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Between 1991 and 1997, the US Government funded seven reports on clean needle programs for persons who inject drugs. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • The Valley's health officials agreed an exchange program that allowed people to trade used needles and syringes for clean ones could benefit residents who inject drugs. (mcall.com)
  • Public Health - Seattle & King County's Needle Exchange program is designed to reduce the spread of HIV and other blood-borne infections among people who inject drugs and their communities. (kingcounty.gov)
  • In addition, they have persuasively documented that access to sterile needles neither encourages people to start injecting drugs nor increases drug use by those who are already users. (innovations-report.com)
  • The main purpose of needle exchange programs are based on that idea that access to sterile needles will significantly reduce needle sharing and will in turn reduce HIV transmission. (123helpme.com)
  • The Register reported last November when Orange County's only needle-exchange program was shut down, Superior Court Judge Joel R. Wohlfeil "agreed with concerns raised by Orange County officials and the cities of Anaheim, Costa Mesa and Orange about the potential for used syringes to litter the community and stick people. (ocregister.com)
  • Dr. Jerome Adams approved Scott County's request Thursday to operate that exchange through May 24, 2016. (wlky.com)
  • With several adjustments to the plan, they were able to win CDPH approval for Orange County's first needle exchange. (cmanet.org)
  • CHARLESTON, W.Va. - A West Virginia mayor wants to end the county's needle exchange program as he says too many needles are ending up on streets and playgrounds. (dailyjournal.net)
  • The Union of Canadian Correctional Officers said the proposed new program "represents a dangerous turning point" and accused the prison service of closing its eyes to drug trafficking in prisons. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • It explains why such programs are essential, what is happening in Canadian and international prisons and how such a program can work. (legalaid.on.ca)
  • We are asking those who operate shelters, drug treatment programs, soup kitchens, jails and prisons, and others who serve or advocate for people in these groups to partner with us. (wspa.com)
  • The lawsuit, which is being filed today in Ontario's Superior Court of Justice, claims the government is violating the rights of inmates under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms by failing to provide such programs inside prisons. (blogspot.com)
  • He called it a rare ruling in which a judge could order the government to set up needle exchange programs in prisons across Canada. (blogspot.com)
  • Several groups, including the government's own officials, have recommended setting up needle exchanges in prisons, but the government has refused. (blogspot.com)
  • Reporting in the journal Addiction, researchers say that based on their study -- an analysis of five previous reviews of needle-exchange programs -- the evidence for the programs' effectiveness is weaker than generally thought. (ibtimes.com)
  • Needle exchange will lessen disease transmission, but will it stop addiction? (mapinc.org)
  • Two local needle exchange programs, The Steady Collective and the Needle Exchange Program of Asheville, have been working to reduce the harms that often accompany drug use and addiction by supplying users with clean needles and other supplies. (mountainx.com)
  • About 200 people in a county of 24,000 people were diagnosed with HIV infections, making it the worst outbreak in state history, fueled by opioid addiction and needle sharing. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Doing so gives them the opportunity to receive information on health, recovery and other programs that can help them break the addiction, or at least to live another day. (ocregister.com)
  • Republican Rep. Tony Rivero of Peoria is pushing the legislation as part of an effort to cut opioid addiction and diseases spread from dirty needles. (apnews.com)
  • This other program, at West Virginia Health Right in Charleston, changed what kind of needles their patients receive just this week, in efforts to keep the public safe while still helping those battling addiction. (wsaz.com)
  • It is said, that those drug users who use needle exchange programs or have needle exchange programs in their area have an increased likelihood of attending drug rehab or addiction treatment . (palmpartners.com)
  • The belief that "[g]iving out free clean needles sends the message that injecting drugs is OK … just happens to be completely unsupported by any evidence at all," Caplan, director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania writes, adding, "Policy involves more than scientific evidence when it comes to touchy subjects like drug addiction. (kff.org)
  • She said the program will include services like rapid drug screenings, immunizations and addiction help. (fox59.com)
  • Despite growing public attention to addiction prompted by the rapidly rising rates of opioid overdose deaths, the last national survey to assess public attitudes about syringe services programs was conducted in 2000. (jhsph.edu)
  • But other research has shown that drug users who come in for clean needles often get other health services-including referral to programs that treat drug addiction. (healthcanal.com)
  • Finally, in December 2007, legislation was passed that lifted the so-called DC ban and the city's Department of Health moved swiftly to start a program that included needle exchange and referrals to HIV testing and addiction treatment programs. (healthcanal.com)
  • Recognizing this, Frew's team is working with seven maternity care practices across the state to build up their own, in-house addiction treatment programs. (nhpr.org)
  • But they decided recently to begin prescribing Suboxone as part of an addiction treatment program. (nhpr.org)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , needle exchanges prevent the spread of viruses among users of injection drugs. (npr.org)
  • Users who visit these centers can exchange used needles for sterile ones, but may not use drugs on site. (recovery.org)
  • Currently Family Health Centers of San Diego operates the city's only official needle exchange program, Safe Point San Diego. (delmartimes.net)
  • The controversy centers around needle exchanges in Scott County that were made in response to an HIV outbreak in 2015. (indystar.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Johns Hopkins University , the World Health Organization and former Indiana State Health Commissioner-now U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams , however, back evidence that shows the programs are a proven way to prevent disease. (indystar.com)
  • Provisions now include: trauma centers, telehealth, certificate of need, advanced registered nurse practitioner (ARNP) scope of practice, obstetrical service notice, medical tourism, and the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Database. (adamsandreese.com)
  • The CDC estimates that only 1,300 cases would need to be averted annually to make a full-scale program of syringe exchange and disposal for IDUs economically effective," Martin said. (innovations-report.com)
  • Yet policy makers at the federal, state and local levels have resisted providing IDUs with easier access to clean needles from physicians, pharmacies, the police or other readily available sources. (innovations-report.com)
  • These programs provide injection drug users (IDUs) with clean needles and syringes (AVERT, 2015). (123helpme.com)
  • Any evaluation of the public health impact of needle exchange programs (NEPs) must begin with the recognition of the critical links between the epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and material abuse, and the relationship between HIV infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) and transmission to sexual partners and children. (essaydemon.com)
  • Needle exchange programs (NEPs), syringe prescription, and syringe deregulation are 3 approaches to increasing access to sterile syringes for IDUs. (heart-intl.net)
  • NEPs -- also referred to as syringe exchange programs -- were first established in the United States in 1988 with the dual objectives of providing IDUs with sterile injection equipment and removing used and potentially contaminated syringes from circulation. (heart-intl.net)
  • As a result of the opioid epidemic, he said, "more people appear to be injecting drugs, more people are sharing needles, and there are more places not covered by syringe service programs. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The question posed to public health experts at a Morning Call roundtable on the opioid crisis sounded simple: Is the Lehigh Valley ready for a needle exchange program? (mcall.com)
  • Barishansky invited him to the weekly meeting of the state's Opioid Operational Command in Harrisburg, where Bartholomew will present his case for needle exchange programs. (mcall.com)
  • Opioid abuse is a national problem, he said, but peripheral harms from shared needles could be reduced. (ocregister.com)
  • But as opioid deaths and injection drug use rose, the Legislature signed off on allowing Miami-Dade to try out such a program as a preventive measure that could fend off diseases spread by reused needles and encourage users to tap into treatment and testing. (bradenton.com)
  • PAATHS program manager Yailka Cardenas says that one reason Massachusetts had more than 1,000 opioid overdose deaths last year is the state's fragmented treatment system. (wbur.org)
  • A resource locator to find local clinics and programs that use evidence-based treatments to treat opioid use disorder. (kingcounty.gov)
  • Needle-exchange programs, like those in San Francisco, can help reduce HIV infections and drug overdoses, WSJ's Bobby White reports. (wsj.com)
  • Advocates of the programs, including many public-health and HIV experts, point to studies showing that needle and syringe exchange can cut HIV transmission -- such as a 2004 review by the World Health Organization (WHO) that concluded there is compelling evidence that the programs reduce HIV infections. (ibtimes.com)
  • Now, in response to a rise in bloodborne infections associated with drug use, the Buncombe County Department of Health and Human Services may sponsor its own program to increase access to needles. (mountainx.com)
  • In 1998, Republicans in Congress banned D.C. from putting local funds toward needle exchanges, even thought dirty needles accounted for 37 percent of infections. (prospect.org)
  • The big picture here is that we've had a lot of progress reducing HIV infections spread by needles and we're at risk of stalling or reversing that progress," said CDC Director Tom Frieden in an interview. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Michael Botticelli, Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, has praised needle exchange programs as a way to reduce new infections. (recovery.org)
  • Mahan Naiem, who is on the needle exchange's board of directors, said clients who couldn't make it to Los Angeles, where the next closest needle exchange operates, have resorted to used needles, and he's heard stories of cellulitis and other infections. (ocregister.com)
  • Miami pilot program reverses overdoses, reduces infections. (bradenton.com)
  • Zoe Hudson, Open Society Foundations' " Open Society " blog: "Unfortunately, the reinstatement of the funding ban deals a lethal blow to HIV programs that are proven to work," Hudson, senior policy analyst with the Open Society Institute-Washington, D.C., writes, concluding, "Twelve percent of all new HIV infections in the U.S. are among injection drug users. (kff.org)
  • And a New York program demonstrated that giving drug users clean needles resulted in a 70 percent drop in new HIV infections. (healthcanal.com)
  • The thinking behind the program is that if drug use can't be halted, at least substituting clean needles for dirty ones means that users face less exposure to diseases and infections. (cmanet.org)
  • The current approach to prevent and control blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections includes screening, testing, education, substance-abuse programs and treatment. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • People who use previously used needles are at increased risk of getting infected with blood-borne pathogens such as HIV, HBV, and HCV, and spreading the infections to others. (wikipedia.org)
  • All a needle exchange means is recognizing that people will use drugs (as the U.S. knows only too well) regardless of whether needle exchanges are available and that there is a strong public health interest in reducing the incidence of disease through such measures. (mapinc.org)
  • Government-funded studies of NEPs and reports from such respectable organizations as the National Academy of Science, the American Medical Association, the National Institutes of Health and the CDC have endorsed access to clean needles as an effective measure for reducing the incidence of blood-borne diseases and increasing access to treatment for drug users, Martin said. (innovations-report.com)
  • Needle exchange programs are an effective means of reducing the incidence of blood-borne diseases and have been effectively implemented in other countries. (rice.edu)
  • A recently released working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research by Analisa Packham of Vanderbilt University examined the impact of needle exchange programs (referred to as Syringe Exchange Programs or SEPs) on the incidence of HIV as well as overdose hospitalizations or deaths. (cato.org)
  • OTTAWA - The federal prison service plans to introduce needle exchange programs in a bid to reduce the incidence of infectious diseases among inmates. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • The incidence of needle sharing was found to be more prevalent in homosexual and bisexual men compared to women and heterosexual men, particularly in minority communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health officials in BexarCounty, Texas, are considering if they should launch the state's firstneedle-exchange program in an effort to reduce the spread of HIV and otherbloodborne diseases, but Bexar County District Attorney Susan Reed has saidthat she will not hesitate to prosecute anyone who distributes needles beforethe program is approved, the LosAngeles Times reports (Bustillo, Los Angeles Times, 1/28). (emaxhealth.com)
  • Mayor Katrina Foley said Monday, Aug. 5, that Costa Mesa officials haven't seen evidence of a need for the program, such as a spike in diseases transmitted by shared syringes. (ocregister.com)
  • The principal goal of the program was to reduce the spread of deadly blood‐​borne infectious diseases. (cato.org)
  • My guess is that intravenous drug users are probably exposing themselves to all the same diseases in other ways regardless of whether they're using clean needles. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • this limits careless and dangerous disposal of contaminated needles. (innovations-report.com)
  • Additionally, improper disposal of hospital needles can expose drug resistant organisms to the outside environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a sharps container is not available, needles can often be brought to local law enforcement, hospitals, or drug stores for safe collection and disposal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, needles can be mailed in specialized containers to a mail-back program for safe disposal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disposal of used needles. (publichealthmdc.com)
  • In addition, the ISDH will launch a three-month regional public awareness campaign, called "You Are Not Alone," which will focus on drug treatment, infection prevention, safe sex, needle disposal and HIV testing and treatment. (rt.com)
  • The Scott County Health Department Needle Exchange Program was started in 2015 as a response to an HIV outbreak linked to intravenous drug use in Scott County. (indystar.com)
  • Soon after the outbreak erupted, Indiana's Republican Governor Mike Pence approved a needle exchange program in Scott County in an effort to stop the rapid spread of HIV. (rollcall.com)
  • The emergency order will suspend Indiana's ban in Scott County only, and put in place a needle exchange program. (fox59.com)
  • She pointed to the successful implementation of a needle exchange in Scott County, where more than 1,000 people have participated and approximately 95% of needles were returned. (fox59.com)
  • Last spring, health officials in Indiana's Scott County created a needle exchange program to deal with injection drug use and the rapid spread of HIV-and local officials in other parts of the U.S. are considering the same move. (healthcanal.com)
  • The Scott County needle exchange, the first program in the state, just hit its two-year mark at the beginning of April and was approved unanimously for a third year by the county commissioners. (newsandtribune.com)
  • The needle exchange will only be available in Scott County, which doctors say won't be helpful in curbing the spread of HIV. (rt.com)
  • Mr. Dinkins canceled the city's first legal needle exchange program shortly after taking office, but later changed his mind. (nytimes.com)
  • The shortage comes after years of turmoil at Prevention Works, which offers needle exchanges at its Northeast Washington headquarters and from a mobile unit that sweeps the city's most drug-addled neighborhoods. (drugs-forum.com)
  • The U.S. just recently repealed a ban on federal funding for needle-exchange programs, though some cities have long had their own programs. (ibtimes.com)
  • Lawmakers on Capitol Hill should follow that courageous lead and lift the ban on federal funding for needle exchange programs, an effort that could prevent similar HIV outbreaks all over the country. (rollcall.com)
  • With the introduction of the clean syringe program, Caine hopes to use this not only as a means of getting dirty needles off the streets but to actively screen and treat those who might be looking to get clean but don't know how. (indystar.com)
  • On the other hand, there was strong evidence across the reviews that needle-exchange programs reduce the sharing or reuse of dirty needles, and no evidence of harmful effects, according to Palmateer's team. (ibtimes.com)
  • The exchange policy works like this: one new needle for every dirty needle brought, in plus 2 more -- so a drug user who brought in 12 dirty needles would get 14 clean ones -- up to a maximum of 30 needles. (nytimes.com)
  • Among the vocal opponents to the plan, state Sen. Ron Rice of Newark sees needles - clean or dirty - as another destructive element in the inner city communities that he represents. (redorbit.com)
  • When you don't have a needle, you use one that is dirty if that's all you have," she says. (mountainx.com)
  • As a result, decades of progress in reducing HIV spread by dirty needles is being threatened. (chicagotribune.com)
  • If I had a dirty needle, and I know I can go across the street and get a new needle, I'm less likely to drop my old needle on the ground," Corey McCabe said. (mcall.com)
  • The House on Wednesday took up the Senate's bill, but amended the proposal to reflect two of the main differences in its own version: prohibiting county funds from being used to operate such programs, and being stricter in enforcing a requirement that dirty needles be exchanged on a one-to-one basis for clean ones. (bradenton.com)
  • Junkies live extremely risky lifestyles if dirty needles doesn't infect them with god knows what, filthy living conditions/unsafe stoned sex/rape will. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Our goal is to serve individuals who want to exchange dirty needles with clean ones with compassion, respect and dignity. (cmanet.org)
  • Jones says more than 500,000 syringes have been passed out by the program, which runs on a one-to-one exchange program, and that 14 city employees have been poked by dirty needles since 2013. (dailyjournal.net)
  • The needle would be dirty and held together with hot glue," Simons said. (blogspot.com)
  • Lawmakers on both sides of the political aisle must put aside the rhetoric and take a hard look at the abundant data showing that needle exchange programs work. (rollcall.com)
  • Lawmakers had been initially concerned that providing clean needles would enable more drug use rather than less, despite similar programs in other states that had had positive results. (bradenton.com)
  • Kasha Bornstein, one of the study's authors, has spent time during their hospital rotations in Palm Beach County working with Palm Beach County lawmakers and public health administrators to help get this program established and went to the vote on Tuesday. (wlrn.org)
  • Florida is poised to reverse a longstanding ban on needle exchanges and allow counties statewide to approve their own programs, after state House lawmakers voted nearly unanimously for the proposal. (miamiherald.com)
  • For example, if those injection drug users at greatest risk of HIV are most likely to use the programs, then a study may find that program attendees have a higher rate of infection than drug users not involved in needle-exchange. (ibtimes.com)
  • Overall, Palmateer and her colleagues conclude, there appears to be tentative evidence that needle-exchange programs reduce HIV transmission among injection-drug users. (ibtimes.com)
  • After shooting up with a used needle, a skin infection bloomed around the injection site. (mountainx.com)
  • The outbreak of HIV in Indiana last spring serves as yet another wake-up call to America about injection drug use and the urgent need for needle exchange programs. (rollcall.com)
  • New NBER Working Paper Confirms Needle Exchange Programs Reduce HIV-Does It Also Make The Case For Safe Injection Facilities? (cato.org)
  • Public Support For Needle Exchange Programs, Safe Injection Sites Remain Low in U.S. (jhsph.edu)
  • The study, published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine , is the first to poll a large, nationwide, representative sample of Americans for their views on safe consumption sites (also sometimes called "safe injection sites") and syringe services (sometimes referred to as needle exchange) programs. (jhsph.edu)
  • The research team used surveillance data to determine the actual number of new injection drug use (IDU)-related cases of HIV following the removal of the DC ban and the implementation of the needle exchange network. (healthcanal.com)
  • Furthermore, the DC needle exchange program continues to reduce the number of new cases of HIV among injection drug users in the city. (healthcanal.com)
  • Needle exchange programs provide new, sterile syringes and clean injection equipment in exchange for used, contaminated syringes. (kingcounty.gov)
  • To prohibit the expenditure of Federal funds for the distribution of needles or syringes for the hypodermic injection of illegal drugs. (ontheissues.org)
  • Amends the Public Health Service Act to prohibit Federal funds from being expended to carry out any program of distributing sterile needles or syringes for the hypodermic injection of illegal drugs. (ontheissues.org)
  • But over time we observed a significant decline in injection risk-behaviour in the program participants," says Dr Kåberg. (bestallergymedicinehq.org)
  • Moreover, needles can be utilized and disposed of properly in supervised injection sites. (wikipedia.org)
  • So while they might have reduced users' needle sharing and reuse, it might not have been adequate. (ibtimes.com)
  • It's not just drug users who are protected by such preventative health measures as needle exchanges - -- it's all of us. (mapinc.org)
  • The Arizona House is considering a proposal that would legalize needle exchange programs for illicit drug users for the first time. (journalrecord.com)
  • He said that adopting a program to legally put sterile needles in the hands of drug users was essential for controlling the spread of HIV. (redorbit.com)
  • There are better ways of attacking the drug problem than legally sanctioning a clean-needle-giveaway - such as creating more opportunities for counseling, funding rehab clinics, and providing more health care coverage for uninsured drug users. (redorbit.com)
  • But several California cities and counties allow private groups to distribute clean needles to drug users to help prevent the spread of HIV infection. (latimes.com)
  • Jamie says she has seen many drug users reuse the same needles over and over again - a habit that, so far as she knew, didn't lead to them getting sick. (mountainx.com)
  • Analicia Cube, founder of Take Back Santa Cruz, said the program for IV drug users is a way of enabling. (cbslocal.com)
  • Drug users were given clean syringes during the weekly Orange County Needle Exchange Program at Santa Ana City Hall until the program shut down. (ocregister.com)
  • Determination That a Demonstration Needle Exchange Program Would be Effective in Reducing Drug Abuse and the Risk of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Infection Among Intravenous Drug Users," Federal Register, February 23, 2011, Vol. 76, No. 36, p. 10038. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • I think replacing needles on a continuing basis for users of illegal drugs merely encourages them to continue using illegal drugs," he said. (apnews.com)
  • State epidemiologist Pam Pontones says 160 people have tested positive for HIV since December in the outbreak tied to needle-sharing among IV drug users. (wlky.com)
  • Many opponents of needle-exchange programs argue that supplying drug users with clean needles sends the wrong message. (innovations-report.com)
  • For many IV users, sterile needles can be hard to come by and drug paraphernalia in some countries make them hard to acquire. (palmpartners.com)
  • Advocates believe that providing clean needles to IV drug users does not condone the behavior but says that they will still care about them and want them to be healthy again as a first step to becoming a productive member society. (palmpartners.com)
  • This is because of the area of compassion that needle exchange programs provide while also being able to give drug users a way out when they show up if they choose they want to stop. (palmpartners.com)
  • The San Diego County supervisors this week will consider allowing cannabis growers and sellers to operate in unincorporated areas and will vote on whether to support a needle exchange program for intravenous drug users. (delmartimes.net)
  • In March 2020, Supervisor Nathan Fletcher proposed the county lift its ban on needle exchange programs and develop a strategy to reduce harm for syringe users. (delmartimes.net)
  • ANDERSON TOWNSHIP, Ohio -- Trustees voted 2-1 Thursday night to nix a proposed needle exchange program that advocates believe would have helped reduce the spread of transmissible disease among drug users. (wcpo.com)
  • Needle exchanges allow drug users to trade used needles for clean ones. (wcpo.com)
  • For example, needle exchange programs reduce HIV rates by 80% among intravenous drug users, according to the Center for Disease Control. (123helpme.com)
  • Safe consumption site" programs provide spaces where users can legally use previously purchased opioids or other drugs under medical supervision. (jhsph.edu)
  • The program also acts as a point of entry for drug users to gain access to health care, social services and housing. (cmanet.org)
  • While NSPs provide most or all equipment free of charge, exchange programmes require service users to return used syringes to receive an equal number of new syringes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The country faces challenges of providing more targeted prevention programs to certain risk groups such as drug users and the younger population. (bartleby.com)
  • They advocate clean needle exchange programs for IV drug users. (kpbs.org)
  • She's seen other drug users trading their old needles on the streets. (kvpr.org)
  • By not disposing of needles in a safe way, users may expose others or themselves to a needle stick injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • At least 79 people have been diagnosed in one rural area, and the epidemic is linked to needle-sharing by opiate users. (rt.com)
  • The application claims the government is failing to protect the health of prisoners and the public health of Canadians by not providing access to the same kind of needle and syringe exchange programs that have been offered to drug users in communities across Canada for more than 20 years. (blogspot.com)
  • Chu called this "a clear case of discrimination" because drug users outside prison have access to needle exchange while inmates don't. (blogspot.com)
  • In the updated guidance, NICE recommended the provision of specialist services for "rapidly increasing numbers of steroid users", and that needles should be provided to people under the age of 18-a first for NICE-following reports of 15-year-old steroid injectors seeking to develop their muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • One research team came to similar conclusions as the WHO, while the other was more guarded -- saying that the evidence that needle-exchange programs reduce HIV transmission is modest. (ibtimes.com)
  • Our study adds to the evidence that needle exchange programs not only work but are cost-effective investments in the battle against HIV," says Monica S. Ruiz, PhD, MPH, an assistant research professor in the Department of Prevention and Community Health at Milken Institute SPH. (healthcanal.com)
  • Although clean needles became more readily available after the state legalized needle exchange programs in 2016, Jamie sometimes still ran out and continued to reuse needles. (mountainx.com)
  • Furthermore, the study showed that the costs associated with such prevention - an estimated $44 million in lifetime treatment for 120 people with HIV - are savings that are passed down to D.C. residents, whose taxes support the publicly funded health insurance programs that would have been providing treatment in those cases. (rollcall.com)
  • One-for-one exchanges can often fall short in terms of disease prevention because you have to have a little bit of leeway for the human factor," Tippecanoe County Health Officer Dr. Jeremy Adler said. (wlfi.com)
  • It is also believed that implementing needle exchange programs will allow more opportunities for other forms of HIV prevention education to come about and increase people's access to HIV treatment services. (123helpme.com)
  • The ban was lifted in 2007, freeing the city to fund the needle exchange at Prevention Works. (drugs-forum.com)
  • In August, the program director of Prevention Works, Mary Beth Levin, e-mailed a colleague: 'Tried to use the [Prevention Works] credit card today at Staples but was rejected. (drugs-forum.com)
  • Terry said Prevention Works eventually received a $27,000 payment from the city, which helped the group pay some bills, make payroll and buy needles and supplies. (drugs-forum.com)
  • When the needle-exchange ban was imposed in 1998, Prevention Works separated from Whitman-Walker and became its own nonprofit group, to continue the needle exchange. (drugs-forum.com)
  • Prevention Point Pittsburgh , the sole needle exchange provider in the Pittsburgh area, is one step closer to being allowed to continue to operate after the Allegheny County Board of Health Wednesday approved regulations formalizing its operation. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • These data also can be used to evaluate the extent to which current HIV-prevention programs are reaching targeted communities and direct future HIV- prevention activities to reduce HIV transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • A substantial proportion (80%) of participants had received free condoms during the preceding 12 months, but fewer had participated in individual- or group-level HIV prevention programs (15% and 8%, respectively). (cdc.gov)
  • The Portland Needle Exchange Program will be providing outreach exchanges each morning from 8-9am and Monday - Friday from 12-3 PM. Limited late afternoon hours will be available. (portlandmaine.gov)
  • Many of his constituents are not that ready to trust the motives of needle-exchange advocates. (redorbit.com)
  • But the advocates who want to offer needle exchanges face challenges. (npr.org)
  • In response to needle exchange programs condoning drug, advocates of the needle exchange programs say that they don't condone but offer care. (palmpartners.com)
  • The federal Department of Health and Human Services currently maintains a webpage on the effectiveness of syringe exchange programs at http://archive.samhsa.gov/ssp/ , last accessed January 30, 2017. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • A 2017 Correctional Service memo, obtained by The Canadian Press under the Access to Information Act, advised Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale that the idea of a needle program warranted consideration. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • He said the programs reduce the risk that law enforcement officers will be infected by accidental needle sticks. (wlwt.com)
  • One of the first Indiana counties to implement a syringe exchange is now the first in the state to effectively shut its program down. (wfyi.org)
  • In Bloomington, Indiana, a storm drain was found clogged with needles (see image above). (wlfi.com)
  • Seven counties--Monroe, Scott, Fayette, Allen, Tippecanoe, Clark and Wayne--operate such programs under Indiana law permitting those initiatives without state approval, while Madison County wavers on reinstating its previous needle exchange efforts. (fox59.com)
  • Indiana now has nine programs - operating in Anderson, Bloomington, Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Jeffersonville, Lafayette and Scottsburg - and the state Legislature is on the brink of making the programs easier for municipalities to initiate. (newsandtribune.com)
  • Dr. Burke testifying in support of needle exchange measures to suppress Indiana HIV outbreak. (rt.com)
  • Contact-Free Needle Exchange Services and Naloxone Distribution are now available at 103 India St. on a limited schedule. (portlandmaine.gov)
  • The first steps to setting up a community overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) program is to understand the local policies and regulations about standing orders, third party prescribing, collaborative practice agreements, Good Samaritan laws, and provider medication distribution. (kingcounty.gov)
  • Allowing the use of federal resources for needle exchanges will help states and cities to respond to and stop an emerging HIV outbreak before it has time to spread. (rollcall.com)
  • Indiana's health commissioner has approved a one-year needle-exchange program for a rural county at the center of the state's largest HIV outbreak. (wlky.com)
  • Needle-exchange programmes can be traced back to informal activities undertaken during the 1970s. (wikipedia.org)
  • V. Needle and syringe programmes in closed settings. (who.int)
  • NICE previously published needle exchange guidelines in 2009, in which needle and syringe services were not advised for people under 18, but the organisation's director Professor Mike Kelly explained that a "completely different group" of people were presenting at programmes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The volunteer run outreach team provides needle exchange services on the corner of Elm and Oxford Streets in downtown Portland on Tuesdays at 4:30 pm Fridays at 4:30 pm, Saturdays at 7:30 am and Sundays at 3:00 pm. (portlandmaine.gov)
  • I'm with firemen, I'm with the police, I'm with the mayor, I understand the concern, I don't want needles on the streets either," Settle said. (wsaz.com)
  • The Needle Exchange Program will offer outreach hours Monday - Friday, and limited weekend hours, on the corner of Oxford and Elm Streets. (portlandmaine.gov)
  • Needle-exchange programs have always been controversial, with opponents arguing that they sustain people's addictions and send the wrong message about drug use. (ibtimes.com)
  • The Texas House in May 2007 voted 71-60 to approve a provision in a Medicaidbill (SB 10) that would establish the state's first needle-exchange program in Bexar County,which includes San Antonio.Rep. Ruth McClendon (D), who sponsored the provision, initially tried to add anamendment that would have created a statewide program. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Texas "needs afully funded, statewide needle-exchange program run by local public healthofficials," the editorial says, adding that the state should"protec[t]" people who provide clean needles from "overlyaggressive prosecutors" (Houston Chronicle, 1/28). (emaxhealth.com)
  • [18] A survey conducted by Beth Israel Medical Center in New York city and the North American Syringe Exchange Network , among 126 surveyed SEPs that 77% provided material abuse therapy, 72% provided voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and more than two-thirds provided supplies such as bleach, alcohol pads and male and female condoms . (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, the prison system does provide inmates access to condoms and bleach kits to clean their needles in an effort to prevent disease. (blogspot.com)
  • But the government has consistently rejected any plan to provide clean needles to prisoners. (blogspot.com)
  • Taking away the positive stepping stones like needle exchange programs would likely exacerbate what has already becoming an opiate epidemic of monstrous proportions. (recovery.org)
  • It allows the California Department of Public Health to authorize needle-exchange programs only if the city or county in which the exchange will be "operating has adopted an ordinance or resolution approving that authorization or reauthorization. (ocregister.com)
  • OCNEP is a volunteer-run, nonprofit needle exchange located in Orange County, CA. OCNEP is certified by the California Department of Public Health Syringe Exchange Certification Program . (drugpolicy.org)
  • We proposed a site [for the needle exchange] to the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) last fall, but it was rejected because of public safety concerns voiced by the city," he said. (cmanet.org)
  • SSPs [Syringe Service Programs] are widely considered to be an effective way of reducing HIV transmission among individuals who inject illicit drugs and there is ample evidence that SSPs also promote entry and retention into treatment (Hagan, McGough, Thiede, et al. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • Syringe service programs provide clean syringes to people using drugs to reduce the transmission of HIV and other viruses by needle sharing. (jhsph.edu)
  • Prior to the new study, there was no nationwide data on Americans' attitudes towards safe consumption sites and no recent nationwide data on syringe service programs. (jhsph.edu)
  • While it is argued that they slow down the spread of HIV, clean- needle programs are inherently destructive. (redorbit.com)
  • But Supervisor Ed Edelman said: "We need an objective study (as to) whether a needle exchange program will help stop the spread of this disease. (latimes.com)
  • Each person will receive enough needles for a week, to prevent sharing and also the spread of HIV by needle use. (fox59.com)
  • Needle exchange programs decrease the spread of infectious disease and therefore reduce healthcare costs too. (palmpartners.com)
  • Needle exchange programs were never touted as a means to reduce overdose or overdose deaths-just the spread of disease. (cato.org)
  • For these reasons, my immediate reaction to this latest NBER study is to conclude that it found, as did many other studies that preceded it, that needle exchange programs are an effective way to reduce the spread of HIV. (cato.org)
  • Caine is calling for a needle exchange program to prevent the spread of the disease, which she called "an imminent threat" to public health. (fox59.com)
  • We'll explore the cost of the disease to society, and how clean needle exchange programs can prevent its spread. (kpbs.org)
  • Clinton responded to King's question (1:10:40 in the video above), after some prodding, by saying, 'I want to look at the evidence on it' to see whether needle exchange would prevent the spread of HIV without increasing drug abuse. (politico.com)
  • The main public health implications of the findings are that a higher level of coverage of interventions, including (needle and syringe programs), is likely required to reduce blood-borne virus transmission, Palmateer said. (ibtimes.com)
  • The reports are unanimous in their conclusions that clean needle programs reduce HIV transmission, and none found that clean needle programs caused rates of drug use to increase. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • In 1998, Donna Shalala, then Secretary of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration, stated: "A meticulous scientific review has now proven that needle exchange programs can reduce the transmission of HIV and save lives without losing ground in the battle against illegal drugs. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • For me, I think one of the best ways that we do that is just reduce the number of needles that are in circulation to begin with. (wlfi.com)
  • Needle exchange programs were never created for "stimulating recovery," but rather as programs designed to reduce the harm to people who continue to use. (cato.org)
  • He concludes, "If needle-exchange programs do reduce risk, suffering, deaths and costs, and it is beyond dispute that they do, then it is bad ethics to insist on a moral message that is utterly disconnected from the harsh realities of drug abuse" (12/19). (kff.org)
  • All the cases are linked to needle sharing for intravenous drug use, mostly with the prescription painkiller Opana. (rt.com)
  • In July 2000, we described strategies for optimizing the impact of needle exchange programs (NEPs). (heart-intl.net)
  • Some law enforcement officials testified that the programs can get people into treatment and save lives. (apnews.com)
  • Justin Kunzelman has been doing years of advocacy work, meeting with officials at different levels of government to get a syringe exchange program approved in Palm Beach County. (wlrn.org)
  • However, Correctional Service officials have raised concerns about syringe needles being used as weapons. (hepatitisaustralia.com)
  • Officials at the medical center and elsewhere say their program is working. (nhpr.org)
  • Therefore, "the Legislature hereby authorizes a clean needle and syringe exchange project. (ocregister.com)
  • Last year, Gov. Ron DeSantis approved a bill he signed into law that authorizes counties to set up their own needle exchange programs, but only using private dollars. (wlrn.org)
  • Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D) has signed into law House Bill 2317 , which authorizes the state health commissioner to establish and operate needle exchange programs after declaring a public health emergency. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Those who are opposed to the needle exchange program argue that needle exchange programs condone illicit and immoral behavior. (palmpartners.com)
  • Critics argue that such programs encourage illicit drug use. (healthcanal.com)
  • The exchanges operate with waivers from the State Department of Health because New York is among the few states that make it a crime to possess or use syringe needles without a prescription. (nytimes.com)
  • In communities where politicians haven't initiated exchanges, programs sometimes operate underground. (mcall.com)
  • Organizers of the Orange County Needle Exchange Program are waiting for a court to decide whether they can operate a mobile program they hoped to launch last year, but the question could become moot in at least one of the four cities the nonprofit planned to serve. (ocregister.com)
  • Such needle exchange programs are relatively inexpensive to operate. (healthcanal.com)