Near Drowning: Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared: A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Accommodation, Ocular: The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Infrared Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Presbyopia: The normal decreasing elasticity of the crystalline lens that leads to loss of accommodation.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Spectrophotometry, Infrared: Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Convergence, Ocular: The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.Distance Perception: The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Mutagenesis: Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.Cysteine: A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.Amino Acid Substitution: The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Macromolecular Substances: Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Peptide Fragments: Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Catalysis: The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.DNA Replication: The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.KazakhstanMagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Exotropia: A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).Eyeglasses: A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Sequence Deletion: Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Electric Conductivity: The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Point Mutation: A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Catalytic Domain: The region of an enzyme that interacts with its substrate to cause the enzymatic reaction.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.PhotochemistrySwine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Extraterrestrial Environment: The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Patch-Clamp Techniques: An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Cytoplasm: The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Tryptophan: An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Introns: Sequences of DNA in the genes that are located between the EXONS. They are transcribed along with the exons but are removed from the primary gene transcript by RNA SPLICING to leave mature RNA. Some introns code for separate genes.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Static Electricity: The accumulation of an electric charge on a objectModels, Structural: A representation, generally small in scale, to show the structure, construction, or appearance of something. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Trypsin: A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 184.108.40.206.Protons: Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.Ion Channel Gating: The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.Hydrogen Bonding: A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Protein Folding: Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Myopia: A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Histidine: An essential amino acid that is required for the production of HISTAMINE.Oligodeoxyribonucleotides: A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Optics and Photonics: A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Personal Space: Invisible boundaries surrounding the individual's body which are maintained in relation to others.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Dimerization: The process by which two molecules of the same chemical composition form a condensation product or polymer.Chromosomes: In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Refraction, Ocular: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Vision Tests: A series of tests used to assess various functions of the eyes.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Ligands: A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Acute renal impairment after immersion and near-drowning. (1/47)Acute renal impairment (ARI) secondary to immersion and near-drowning is rarely described and poorly understood. A retrospective case-control study was performed: (1) to determine the incidence of ARI associated with near-drowning or immersion and (2) to define the clinical syndrome and to assess clinical predictors of ARI. Of 30 patients presenting after immersion or near-drowning, 50% were identified with ARI, with a mean admission serum creatinine of 0.24 +/- 0.33 mmol/L (2.7 +/- 3.7 mg/dl). These patients were a heterogeneous group: Eight had mild reversible ARI, three had ARI related to shock and multisystem failure, two had rhabdomyolysis-related ARI, and two had severe isolated ARI. Two patients required supportive hemodialysis and two died. Patients with ARI experienced more marked acidosis than control patients, as measured by serum bicarbonate (P < 0.001), pH (P < 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). There was also a higher admission lymphocyte count in the ARI group (P = 0.056). Dipstick hematuria on admission was significantly more common in patients with ARI (P = 0.016), and patients with 2 to 3+ of admission dipstick proteinuria had a higher peak serum creatinine than patients with less proteinuria (P < 0.05). Admission predictors of ARI by univariate logistic regression analysis included reduced serum bicarbonate (P = 0.002), pH (P = 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). The best predictor of ARI on multivariate analysis was a negative base excess (P = 0.01). In summary, acute renal impairment commonly occurs after immersion and near-drowning and is a heterogeneous condition. Although mild reversible renal impairment (serum creatinine < 0.30 mmol/L) (3.4 mg/dl) is usual, severe acute renal failure requiring dialysis can occur. It is recommended that any patient who presents after near-drowning or immersion should be assessed for potential ARI by serial estimations of serum creatinine, particularly when there is an increase in the initial serum creatinine, marked metabolic acidosis, an abnormal urinalysis, or a significant lymphocytosis. (+info)
Acute subdural hematoma due to near-drowning--case report. (2/47)A 46-year-old male was transferred to our hospital after near-drowning when swimming. Examination found no subcutaneous hematoma or abrasion on his head. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was started immediately. Emergent computed tomography (CT) revealed no abnormalities. The next day, his consciousness level improved and repeat CT suggested an acute spontaneous subdural hematoma in the parieto-occipital region. The acute subdural hematoma was evacuated. The source of bleeding was probably an abnormally large vein located in the center of the hematoma. The patient was discharged without neurological deficit. Repeat CT is needed even if there were no abnormality on initial CT after drowning. (+info)
Epidemiology of unintentional drowning and near-drowning in Denmark in 1995. (3/47)OBJECTIVES: To determine the pattern of accidental drowning and near-drowning in Denmark. DESIGN: Prospective study of all cases of accidental drowning and near-drowning during one year. SETTING: Denmark, 1995. SUBJECTS: All patients brought to Danish hospitals after incidents of unintentional near-drowning or cooling in water and all fatal cases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of near-drowned patients reported prospectively by hospital departments supplemented by cases reported after requests based on the National Patient Register. Number of drownings reported by public health medical officers (as medical examiners), institutes of forensic medicine, and hospitals. RESULTS: Sixty three (38%) of 167 unintentionally immersed persons died: eight (17%) of 47 children and 55 (46%) of 120 adults. The annual incidence of serious immersion events in children leading to hospital contact was 5.2/100,000; mortality was 0.7/100,000. For adult males the annual incidence of serious unintentional immersions was 4.3/100,000 and for females 1.2/100,000. For foreigners the risk was three to four times higher than for Danes. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to the risk of drowning in children, adult males, and foreigners. (+info)
Rapidly progressive pneumonia due to Aeromonas hydrophila shortly after near-drowning. (4/47)An 87-year-old woman died of rapidly progressive pneumonia due to Aeromonas hydrophila shortly after a near-drowning event. Autopsy showed necrotizing pneumonia and postmortem cultures of both blood and lung revealed the organism. Fulminant pneumonia should be considered in patients of a near-drowning event. (+info)
Injuries in whitewater kayaking. (5/47)OBJECTIVE: To provide epidemiological data on whitewater kayaking injuries using a descriptive study. METHODS: A retrospective survey was distributed at whitewater events and club meetings, and made available and advertised on the world wide web, through postings and announcements to newsgroups, related sites, and search engines. Data on sex, age, experience, and ability were collected. Injury data collected included mechanism, activity, difficulty of rapid, and self reported severity. RESULTS: Of the 392 kayaking respondents included in the final analysis, 219 suffered 282 distinct injury events. The number of days spent kayaking per season was the only independent predictor of injury. The overwhelming majority of injuries occurred while the kayaker was still in the boat (87%). Striking an object was the most common mechanism of injury (44%), followed by traumatic stress and overuse (25% each). The most common types of injury were abrasion (25%), tendinitis (25%), contusion (22%), and dislocation (17%). The upper extremity, especially the shoulder, was the most commonly injured area of the body. Although half of injured kayakers sought medical care for their injury, and almost one third missed more than one month of kayaking because of the injury, almost all (96%) reported a complete or good recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Factors relating to likelihood of injury appear to be connected with exposure, namely the number of days a year that the sport was pursued. Except for class V (extreme) kayakers, reports of injuries paralleled the number of participants. Kayakers reported injuries predominantly on rivers that they assessed to be at a level appropriate to their skills. (+info)
Use of Washington State newspapers for submersion injury surveillance. (6/47)OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of newspapers as a surveillance tool for submersion injury, the proportion of submersion events and important details reported in Washington State newspapers was determined. It was also determined whether a letter sent to newspaper editors to encourage reporting changed the proportion and content of reported submersion events. METHODS: Newspaper articles regarding submersion were collected from 225 Washington newspapers from June 1993 through September 1998. Newspaper articles were linked to computerized state death and hospital records. Reporting during periods before and after a letter was sent encouraging more newspaper articles on submersion injury and preventative factors was compared. RESULTS: A total of 1,874 submersion victims were identified in the three data sources. Of the 983 victims who had a death certificate, 52% were reported in at least one news article. Of the 471 persons in hospital discharge data, 25% were reported in a newspaper. Reporting of pediatric victims who died increased from 63% to 79% (p=0.008); reporting of hospitalized persons increased from 23% to 27% (p=0.3). There were increases in reporting of swimming ability (7% to 15%, p<0.001), supervision (82% to 91%, p<0.001), and alcohol use (7% to 24%, p<0.001). Reporting of life vest use decreased (35% to 23%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Newspapers failed to report about one half of fatal submersions and three quarters of submersions that resulted in a hospitalization. An effort to improve reporting was associated with an increase in the proportion of pediatric drownings that were reported, but a consistent improvement in content was found. The usefulness of newspaper articles as a surveillance tool may be limited. (+info)
Mycotic aneurysms as lethal complication of brain pseudallescheriasis in a near-drowned child: a CT demonstration. (7/47)Intracranial true mycotic aneurysms are rare and generally lethal. We report a case of a near-drowned child with brain abscesses due to Pseudallescheria boydii, a saprophytic fungus, who died after subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred. CT showed contrast-enhancing lesions indicative of aneurysms of basilar and right posterior cerebral arteries that could not be appreciated 2 days before. P. boydii is often resistant to commonly used antimycotic drugs. Because CNS infection is frequently associated with near-drowning, early diagnosis and specific therapy are strongly recommended for these patients. (+info)
Drowning and near drowning in children in the United Kingdom: lessons for prevention. (8/47)OBJECTIVES: To determine the pattern of drowning and near drowning of children in Britain and identify means of prevention. DESIGN: Study of drowned and nearly drowned children under 15 years old. SETTING: United Kingdom, 1988 and 1989. SUBJECTS: Children under 15 years either drowning or admitted to hospital after a submersion incident. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of nearly drowned children, obtained from consultant paediatricians returning monthly notification cards through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit. Number of drowned children notified by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys and other national epidemiological offices; information from coroners. RESULTS: 306 children had confirmed submersion incidents: 149 died and 157 survived after near drowning. The annual incidence in England and Wales was 1.5/100,000, and mortality 0.7/100,000. Mortality was lowest in public pools 6% (2/32) and highest in rivers, canals, and lakes (78%, 56/73). Most of the children (263, 83%) were unsupervised at the time of the accident. 208 (68%) children were under 5 years old. CONCLUSIONS: Drowning and near drowning of children are problems in the British Isles. Appropriate supervision and safety barriers seem important for preventing such accidents. Improving information on dangers of drowning given to parents through the child surveillance programmes, encouraging fencing or draining of garden ponds and domestic swimming pools, and increasing supervision of swimming in lakes, rivers, and beaches should reduce the number of accidents. (+info)
Water, Water, Everywhere - DeeperBlue.com
Through the DAN Oxygen First Aid for Scuba Diving Injuries course, DAN trained thousands of instructors to teach recreational divers how to provide vital oxygen first aid in the event of a diving accident. As diving enthusiasts, we are also water enthusiasts. Unfortunately, scores of children and adults perish each year in drowning accidents. The DAN Oxygen First Aid for Aquatic Emergencies program trains you to use oxygen to provide emergency first aid to a near-drowning victim. Just as oxygen can provide relief and hasten recovery for a victim of decompression illness, oxygen can increase the survival odds for a near-drowning victim.. Medical Community Sees the Importance of Oxygen in Near-Drowning Incidents. The medical literature is replete with references to the advantages of oxygen administration in all resuscitation efforts, particularly in near-drowning victims. As noted by one author: In a pediatric near-drowning victim, in the first ten minutes after a rescue, oxygen administration ...
BestBets: Steroids in the management of near-drowning
All the case reports suggested that steroids are of benefit in near-drowning. The only prospective study included 10 patients. However, all seven of those given methylprednisolone (5mg/kg/24 hours i.v. divided into 6 equal doses) survived. All the other studies were retrospective analyses of case notes. None showed any benefit from steroids, but they did not provide enough data about the steroids used, the doses used, or specific outcomes to provide reliable evidence. Case reports, which may be inherently biased, show some benefit, but there is no good evidence that the routine use of intra-venous steroids improves the outcome in cases of near-drowning. There may be a case for conducting a properly controlled trial to settle the issue ...
Identification of a family with inherited long QT syndrome after a pediatric near-drowning<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Identification of a family with inherited long QT syndrome after a pediatric near-drowning. AU - Ackerman, Michael J.. AU - Porter, Co Burn J.. PY - 1998/2. Y1 - 1998/2. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031908476&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031908476&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1542/peds.101.2.306. DO - 10.1542/peds.101.2.306. M3 - Article. C2 - 9445509. AN - SCOPUS:0031908476. VL - 101. SP - 306. EP - 308. JO - Pediatrics. JF - Pediatrics. SN - 0031-4005. IS - 2. ER - ...
HYPOXIC ENCEPHALOPATHY SECONDARY TO STATUS EPILEPTICUS SECONDARY TO CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTION | Neuron | Cerebrum
Seizures among public figures: lessons learned from the epilepsy of Pope Pius IX
Two important findings in Pius IXs history are likely responsible for his epilepsy. First, he had a traumatic near-drowning event as a young child, which several sources cite as having contributed to his epilepsy.7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15 A near-drowning event could lead to a global CNS hypoxia. Second, he likely had a CNS lesion from some developmental process, as evidenced by an asymmetry in photos of Pius IXs face that was apparent to all 3 epileptologists (Figure 1). Asymmetry affecting the lower half of the face suggests an upper motor neuron lesion of the 7th cranial nerve, which would be consistent with a focal lesion often seen among patients with partial epilepsy.29 Pius IX was the youngest of 9 siblings, none of whom were reported to have had epilepsy, making it less likely that there was a generalized inherited condition. Suggestions of the traumatic events are demonstrated in the following passage: "As a youth in Italy, Pius IX annually went to visit his mother at the Shrine of ...
Resuscitation practices of old: The Trotting Horse Method. - Museum of the Order of St John
The Trotting Horse Method of resuscitation dates back to the early 19th century and was used to revive near-drowning victims who came a cropper while swimming in Europes inland waterways. The victim would be draped over the back of a horse which would be encouraged to gallop or trot. It was believed that the bouncing of the victims body against that of the galloping horse would result in the alternate compression and relaxation of the chest cavity.. In 19th century America, any lifeguard worth his salt would have been equipped with a horse on standby to treat any unfortunate individuals who got into difficulty in the sea. However, the Trotting Horse Method of resuscitation was banned in America in 1815 due to a large number of public complaints relating to the mess that the horses created on the beaches.. ...
Doctors used to literally 'blow smoke up your ass' with 18th Century medical treatment
The colloquial expression about "blowing smoke up a persons ass generally means they are being dishonestly flattered. But "Today I Found Out" went back in history to see where the phrase originated.. While its unclear whether there is a direct link with the phrase, doctors did actually used to blow smoke into peoples rectums in the late 1700s as the predominant medical therapy to try and resuscitate people who were believed to be dead, narrator Simon Whistler said. Mostly it was used on near-drowning victims.. The treatment was so commonplace that equipment for it was stored near waterways, much like defibrillators are often stored for use in public areas today.. To help people remember how to properly use it, one doctor even wrote a rhyme that went, "Tobacco glyster (enema)/Breathe and bleed. Keep warm and rub till you succeed. And spare no pains for what you do; may one day be repaid to you.". Tobacco was thought to have healing properties and the "tobacco smoke enema" was used for various ...
My Husband's CPR Knowledge Saved Our Daughter (+ Lessons We Learned After a Near-Drowning Accident) | TODAY.com
Tags | Journal of Scientometric Research
Journal of Scientometric Research (J. Scientometric Res.) is an internationally targeted official publication of Phcog.Net. It publishes peer reviewed articles online in an open access format. The journal will encourage both empirical and theoretical contributions that advance scientometric research and would also reach out to scholars of Science and Technology Studies (STS), sociology, economics and any other field who use scientometric data as the object of investigation or apply scientometric analysis in policy or innovation studies. The journal thus seeks to publish articles in all the different domains of scientometrics including patent studies (techometrics) and web-based studies (webometrics).. ISSN : [ISSN:Print -2321-6654, Online - 2320-0059] ; Frequency : Rapid at a time publication - Trienniel (3 issues/year). Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Sujit Bhattacharya, Ph.D ...
Near-drownings lead to permanent disabilities - For Medical Professionals - Mayo Clinic
Microsoft word - linklater submersion injury.docx
The incidence of drowning in both veterinary medicine and human medicine is likely under reported due to natural disasters that occur; however it is a leading cause of accidental death, particularly in young males. It is an uncommon presentation in veterinary medicine (compared to human medicine) likely from veterinary patients ability to swim at birth and through life. Rare case reports and one case series exist in the veterinary literature. One case report is a gelding that became entangled in a safety line while swimming in a pool, another is of a Golden retriever found in a body of water, and some abuse cases from the UK have been reported. There is one case series presented as an abstract at IVECCS in 2006 of 15 dogs and 1 cat; 5 of the pets developed respiratory failure and 37% were non-survivors. It tended to occur in the warmer months (May-Nov) in 9 natural bodies of water and 5 man made bodies of water (1 was not recorded). There has been much debate recently regarding appropriate ...
Demographic factors and their association with outcomes in pediatric submersion injury. - PubMed - NCBI
The adoptive parents may be acquainted with to these problems, but in other situations wee if any story may be available. N L H Genes 50 10 10 KREMEN2, ST8SIA1, TNFSF10, ATF6 150 30 30 HADHB, BAX, MAPK13, CYP1A1, ATF2 250 49 51 NFKBIA, PLCB1, ITGB1, MYC, KRAS 350 69 71 PRKACB, FOS, PRKACG, FASN, NFKB1 450 85 95 RAC1, MAP2K2, JUN, TP53, RELA 551 100 119 RAF1, GRB2, PIK3CA, RPS27A, MAPK8 647 117 145 HRAS, MAP2K1, AKT1, RAF1, GRB2 765 125 185 MAPK3, MAPK1, HRAS, MAP2K1, AKT1 Provisions 7. Pregnancy and Yeast InfectionThe Main Benefits: 1 cheap kamagra effervescent 100mg fast delivery erectile dysfunction injections videos. At hand drowning is described as an fact in which a offspring has suffered a submersion injury and has survived for at least 24 hours. It involves removing the little one from the fine kettle of fish area and placing him or her in a dispassionate, nonthreatening, safe square footage where no interaction occurs between the daughter and parents or others exchange for a specifically ...
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has just issued a warning about in-home drownings, noting that the end of outdoor swimming and pool season does not indicate that drowning dangers for young children end. According to the CPSC, after pools, more children drown in bathtubs than in any other product in and around the home.. The CPSC said its staff received reports of an average of 90 children younger than five years of age who drowned in bathtubs (62 percent), baby seats or bathinettes (15 percent), buckets and pails (11 percent), landscaping or yard products (six percent), and other products (four percent) during 2003-2005. There was an annual average of an additional 39 reports of non-fatal submersion incidents for 2005-2007 reported for the same products. Most drownings and non-fatal submersion incidents involved children younger than two years old.. â€œWhat parents need to know is that anywhere there is water, there is ...
Fire and public health officials broaden drowning prevention campaign
Riverside County Fire Chief John R. Hawkins adds, "I urge every adult to constantly monitor their children. We have two eyes and they are to see and watch, particularly our children. Child drownings can be prevented by watching our children. Lets all make a pledge to prevent every drowning.". So far this year, three children have died from drowning and 20 other children have been injured from submersion or "near-drowning" accidents. Some of these cases were children swimming in back yard pools, Jacuzzis and community/apartment pools. Public health and county fire department officials remind parents and guardians how quickly tragedy can strike when youngsters are in or around water. The public service announcement video, which features Public Health Nurse Carolina Hernandez and CAL FIRE Captain Fernando Herrera, offers viewers tips on how to keep children safe near pools, such as installing a security fence and assigning a "water watcher," who is the designated person responsible for keeping an ...
Drowning Prevention | CPSC.gov
Your Pool, Your Familys Safety (pdf) (Spanish-pdf). PoolSafely.gov. CPSCs website provides information about the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act and how to prevent drownings and entrapments.. Tips for Safety In and Around Water (pdf). This handy tip sheet provides tips for water safety in pools, spas and around the home. Print a copy and keep it in a handy location.. Safety Barrier Guidelines for Pools (pdf). Provides guidelines for barriers intended to prevent drowning deaths and near-drowning deaths of children in home pools, spas and hot tubs. Guidelines cover fences, gates, audible alarms for doors with access to pools, and power safety covers.. How to Plan for the Unexpected: Prevent Child Drownings (pdf). This booklet discusses how to reduce risks of child drowning deaths in residential swimming pools. Gives safety tips and provides guidance for fences and gates, pool covers, barriers, alarms, etc.. Prevent Child In-Home Drowning Deaths (pdf). CPSC warns consumers about ...
Waterboarding: Two Other Perspectives
Mikes secondary specialty in the SEAL force is as an advanced combat medic. Without getting into specifics on his experiences, Mike strongly disputes Nances exaggerations of waterboarding. There is a word for people who have "pint after pint of water" filling their lungs: dead. "In fact," according to Mike, "they would be very, very dead. By definition, anyone who has drowned is in fact dead. A large percentage of true drownings do not involve ANY water entering the lungs because the epiglottis closes off the air passages as water enters the throat. People who die immediately from being immersed in water actually die of suffocation, not water entering their lungs. Not only that, many people who survive a near-drowning who do have even small amounts of water that slip by the epiglottis and enter their lungs can die later of fluid shifts and pneumonia. I can assure you that we do not use any technique that involves true suffocation or aspiration of water into the lungs. One cannot get questions ...
Nick Gordon gets tattoo of Bobbi Kristina Brown's name on his forearm - BelleNews.com
The tribute isnt a surprise, considering Nick Gordon already has a picture of Bobbi Kristina Browns late mother, Whitney Houston, inked on his other arm.. Bobbi Kristina Browns family has reportedly banned Nick from her bedside at Atlantas Emory University Hospital, where she is in a medically induced coma following a near-drowning incident on January 31.. Police is now looking into the possibility of an altercation between Nick Gordon and Bobbi Kristina Brown more than an hour before she was found face down and unresponsive in a bathtub in her Roswell home, TMZ reported. ...
Plasticity Brain Centers of Orlando Hosts Workshop for Anoxic Brain Injuries | The Virginia News Journal
Attendees can learn about their unique approach to anoxic injuries such as near-drowning and cerebral palsy ORLANDO, FL, August 08, 2017 /24-7PressRelease/ - Hypoxia and Anoxia refer to low levels of oxygen or a complete absence of oxygen to the brain or other major organs and muscles, which can result in permanent disability or death. At Plasticity Brain Centers of Orlando, the team of board-certified doctors, neurology specialists, and the hand-selected staff of patient care coordinators and therapists are experienced in treating all types of brain injuries including those resulting from the leading causes of hypoxia and anoxia.. While both of these conditions can be caused by any number of different environmental or medical conditions (heart attacks, severe asthma, anemia, carbon monoxide/ carbon dioxide poisoning, choking, pre and postnatal trauma), among children 14 and under, it is most often attributed to water-related injuries.. "Drowning is the fifth leading cause of unintentional ...
Most incidents involving children under five years of age (54% of the injuries and 85% of the facilities) occurred at residences. About 58% of the deaths (206 annually), occurred in in-ground pools; 10% (40) in portable pools and to children under the age of 15.. Chairman Tenenbaum shared some steps on pool safely and data from CPSCs annual drowning/near-drowning and entrapment reports, at an event at the International Swimming Hall of Fame in Ft. Lauderdale. Chairman Tenenbaum was joined by Wanda Butts, a mother who lost her son to a 2006 drowning and who formed The Josh Project to help other children learn how to swim; Kim Burgess from the National Drowning Prevention Alliance and the Broward County Health Departments Drowning Prevention Coordinator; and USA Swimmings "Make a Splash" official, Kim OShea.. "After losing my son, I wanted to do something to help others, so other moms wouldnt have to suffer from the loss of a child drowning," Butts said. "Together, we can make a difference ...
Pediatric Emergencies - Oxford Medicine
Airway and respiratory issues are among the most common emergencies in infants and children. Many other pediatric emergencies that are commonly seen in the operating room or emergency department require a specialized perspective. This chapter covers pediatric airway emergencies, including outside the operating room, and throughout the perioperative period. Problems such as upper airway obstruction, foreign bodies, and lower airway obstruction are also discussed. Common emergency department issues such as burns, near-drowning, and trauma, and pediatric and neonatal advanced life support are covered.
Challenge The Good News Paper - Wounds from assault healed by 'letting go'
R.A. Dickey is known for being the professional pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball- less so for the abuse he suffered as a child, the suicidal thoughts that later plagued him, and a near-drowning in the Missouri River.. In his I Am Second testimony, Robert says his story begins with his parents separation, which sparked in him a deep sense of loneliness.. Robert was eight years old when his 13-year-old female babysitter molested him. A couple of years later a male stranger assaulted him in a much worse fashion.. Robert says one of the things that happens when youre abused is you feel less than human.. "Why do I even matter?" it made him ask, "Why should I be here?. "If something like this can happen to me then surely I must be less than an ant.". Robert carried that sense of worthlessness well into his adult life.. He describes sport as a way he could control his destiny.. "If you followed the formula as an athlete you would be rewarded for that.. "That was a way I not ...
Jonathan Kokel: KTRK Officially Regrets Making Joke About Pizza Delivery Kid Who Died | Houston Press
R.A. Dickey on the moment he hit rock bottom - CBS News
CIA waterboarded al-Qaeda suspect 183 times: memo - Taipei Times
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Background: Hypoxic encephalopathy is a syndrome produced by a decreased oxygen supply or sustained reduction of cerebral blood flow. It can be caused by systemic hypoxaemia, an oxygen transport alteration or a global reduction of cerebral blood flow, with a cardiorespiratory arrest being the most common cause in adults .. Coma is commonly observed in the first several hours to days and about half of these patients die. Up to 200 people per one million inhabitants are saved after cardiac arrest in developed countries; however, half of these survivors suffer severe neurological sequelae. Therefore, an effective diagnosis approach is mandatory .. Clinical Perspective: Neuroimaging is an essential part of the work-up of patients after a cardiac arrest. Imaging findings are useful in the prediction of neurologic recovery. CT has a limited value in most cases. MRI due to its sensitivity is the technique of choice to assess the extent and severity of the injured brain.. Imaging Perspective: ...
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ICD-9 Code E910 -Accidental drowning and submersion- Codify by AAPC
Tonic seizures pose a high risk of drowning because expulsion of air from the lungs causes rapid submersion. It is accepted that people with epilepsy should be supervised when swimming. However, there is little or no guidance about special precautions that should be taken for particular types of seizures. During a tonic seizure the muscles of the chest wall contract and much of the air from the lungs may be expelled. If such a seizure occurs while a person is swimming, the average body density may become higher than the density of the water, causing rapid submersion. When the muscles of the chest wall relax, the person will still be submerged, with the result that water, not air, will enter the respiratory tract and the person will not rise to the surface. We present a case of fatal drowning in a 14 year old boy with epilepsy who had seizures with a marked tonic phase. This case raises an important question with regard to safety: should special precautions be taken to minimise the risk of ...
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To Rusty075 .HI ,Cercle here,I dont like water in a pc,but I need to cool silently a hot/powerful graphic card.Thats why I think about dipping a watercooled pc into oil.OIL and WATER dont mix so shortcircuit could be avoided :a strong water jet on pc could go through oil and destroy it by shortcircuit.That should be exceptional,most of leaks on watercooling could be repaired.My thanks for returning your experience,I am looking for a test of this combination,maybe a website ,spcr?,could use some pcspart of its stock in order to test this.I should,I guess ,ask Mr Chin to test this ...
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Hello everyone. Im new to kayaking and kayaks. Id like to build build my own. I live in west central MN with access to many small and large lakes including lake of the woods and some small rivers with small rapids. Id like to build a kayak that would would be a good around boat. One I can use on afternoon river outings and weeklong fishing trips in the Boundry Waters. Is this possible out of a kayak? If so which one? Thanks for any and all I fo you can supply.
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Hello everyone. Im new to kayaking and kayaks. Id like to build build my own. I live in west central MN with access to many small and large lakes including lake of the woods and some small rivers with small rapids. Id like to build a kayak that would would be a good around boat. One I can use on afternoon river outings and weeklong fishing trips in the Boundry Waters. Is this possible out of a kayak? If so which one? Thanks for any and all I fo you can supply.
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"Drowning". www.traviscountytx.gov. "Lakeway loaning life jackets to swimmers to prevent drownings". 4 August 2017. "Archived ... As the lack of a flotation device is the most common cause associated with drowning in Lake Travis, the city of Lakeway and ... " "Drownings on Lake Travis raise concerns". "Sasser: Boating safety is made simpler if you take these five steps.." 18 May ...
Drowning, for more on the mechanism and physiology of drowning and deaths from drowning. Pulmonary alveolus for a discussion of ... Secondary drowning may occur as a result. The sudden and unexpected death of a swimmer, with no involuntary drowning sequence, ... Breath-hold divers who hyperventilate before a dive increase their risk of drowning. Many drownings unattributed to any other ... Breath-hold divers who hyperventilate before a dive increase their risk of drowning. Many drownings unattributed to any other ...
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The method employed to kill was mainly by mass drowning resulting in estimated deaths of 50,000 Armenians. The city was also an ... The Trabzon trials reported Armenians having been drown in the Black Sea. (Takvimi Vekdyi, No. 3616, August 6, 1919, p. 2.) ... and drowning. Oscar S. Heizer, the American consul at Trabzon, reports: "This plan did not suit Nail Bey…. Many of the children ...
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"Drowning". WHO. Retrieved 2019-08-21.. *^ Water safety signs and beach safety flags, BSI British Standards, doi:10.3403/ ... "Turn Around Don't Drown®". www.weather.gov. Retrieved 2019-07-23.. *^ Staff. "Vision and Mission". About us. Wellington, New ... "Drowning and Water Safety". Water & Leisure Safety. The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents. Retrieved 2 February ... The World Health Organization has reported that drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional injury death worldwide, ...
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Stop In-Home Drowning Deaths. Children can drown quickly and silently in containers of water inside the home as well as in ... How to Plan for the Unexpected: Prevent Child Drownings (pdf). This booklet discusses how to reduce risks of child drowning ... Prevent Child In-Home Drowning Deaths (pdf). CPSC warns consumers about hidden drowning hazards for small children in and ... Provides guidelines for barriers intended to prevent drowning deaths and near-drowning deaths of children in home pools, spas ...
CPSC Issues Warning On In-Home Drowning - NewsInfernoNewsInferno
... in-home drownings, noting that the end of outdoor swimming and pool season does not indicate that drowning dangers for young ... Young children can drown quickly in even small amounts of water.. Always keep a young child within arms reach in a bathtub. If ... â€œWhat parents need to know is that anywhere there is water, there is a potential drowning hazard to children,â€ said Inez ... The CPSC said its staff received reports of an average of 90 children younger than five years of age who drowned in bathtubs ( ...
ICD-9 Code E910 -Accidental drowning and submersion- Codify by AAPC
Near-drownings lead to permanent disabilities - For Medical Professionals - Mayo Clinic
Many kids who survive near-drowning have permanent physical and neurological disabilities. ... Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental injury in children ages 1 to 14. ... Near-drownings lead to permanent disabilities. Approximately 10 children drown every day in the United States. Four times that ... Often, these children drown in very shallow water. Farm fatality data show that toddlers can also drown in wells, watering ...
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Exp drowning/ or exp near drowning/ or "drowning".mp) AND (exp steroids/ or "steroid".mp OR exp adrenal cortex hormones/ or " ... Drowning and near-drowning: A review of ten years experience in a large Army Hospital. Milit Med 1971;136:439-43. ... 64 cases near-drowning, 29 cases drowning.. Retrospective analysis. Unspecified steroid treatment.. Descriptive analysis. 9 ... 98 near-drownings.. Retrospective analysis of charts.. No outcome measure as all were survivors. 66 received unspecified ...
ICD-9 Code E910.0 -Accidental drowning and submersion while water-skiing- Codify by AAPC
Chairman Tenenbaum shared some steps on pool safely and data from CPSCs annual drowning/near-drowning and entrapment reports, ... of child drowning fatalities) and African American and Hispanic children between the ages of five and 14 (who drown at higher ... Child Drownings In Pools, Spas Still A Leading Cause Of Death. Posted on May 25, 2012 by Cynthia A. Diaz-Shephard ... Kim Burgess from the National Drowning Prevention Alliance and the Broward County Health Departments Drowning Prevention ...
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What factors influence drowning risk?. The main factors that affect drowning risk are lack of swimming ability, lack of ... About one in five people who die from drowning are children 14 and younger.1 For every child who dies from drowning, another ... For example, most children ages 1-4 drown in home swimming pools.2 The percentage of drownings in natural water settings, ... Every day, about ten people die from unintentional drowning. Of these, two are children aged 14 or younger. Drowning ranks ...
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Drowning is one of the most common dangers when youre in the water. It happens when you get water in your lungs. Its serious ... What does drowning look like?. Unlike what you may have seen on TV or in the movies, people who are drowning often dont splash ... Instead, drowning can be a quiet, quick process. Once a person is in danger, he or she can drown in less than a minute. ... Children under 1 year old most often drown in a bathtub, a bucket, or the toilet. Children between 1-5 years old usually drown ...
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Windsor teen drowns in lake after canoe overturns By Kieran Nicholson. PUBLISHED: May 8, 2020 at 6:16 p.m.. , UPDATED: May 8, ... Colorado ranger drowned in Horsetooth Reservoir after strong winds, sheriff says By The Associated Press ... Angler drowns after boat overturns in the Colorado River By The Associated Press ... Colorado father and son drown while rafting Arkansas River on Fathers Day By Shelly Bradbury ...
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Near drowning: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Near drowning means a person almost died from not being able to breathe (suffocating) under water. ... Thousands of people drown in the United States each year. Most drownings occur within a short distance of safety. Immediate ... Always use caution when moving a person who is drowning. Neck injuries are uncommon in people who survive near drowning unless ... A person who is drowning usually cant shout for help. Be alert for signs of drowning. ...
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Drowning remains a significant public health concern, as it is a major cause of disability and death, particularly in children ... Drowning, near-drowning, and ice-water submersions. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1987 Feb. 34(1):75-92. [Medline]. ... Drowning and near drowning in rivers. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2017 Sep. 13 (3):396. [Medline]. ... Pediatric near-drowning and drowning. Saudi Med J. 2013 Feb. 34(2):119-22. [Medline]. ...
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Unless a programmer makes a special effort to test for overflow conditions, these flaws become part of the application. The deadline pressure to get code out the door exacerbates the problem: instead of developers or testers addressing the issue, flaws turn up on the computers of millions of users. How widespread is this overflow problem? Are some software vendors worst offenders than others? You might expect so, since different companies use different programming standards in creating their applications. And is the problem getting better or worse? A look at IT security company Secunias database of advisories can provide an estimate on the status of the overflow problem. Selection criteria for this article included vulnerabilities that are serious, remotely exploitable and damaging (permitting denial of service, exposure of sensitive information or system information, system hijacking, ID spoofing, manipulation of data, privilege escalation, security bypass or system access). Its immediately ...
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img src=innovate.bta-nxt.dcp-bta._electric-shock-drowning._aquabot.001.jpg width=437 alt=the Aquabot] The Aquabot with ... The victim cannot move and then drowns. The CyborGirlz created a small robotic boat, called the Aquabot. The boat carried a ... By interviewing survivors, the team learned that many people perished from a phenomenon called "electric shock drowning." Live ... More information about electric shock drowning can be found at www.electricshockdrowning.org ...
Drowning | Health.mil
In the U.S., unintentional drowning ranks as the fifth leading cause of unintentional injury death and accounted for an average ... and correlates of risk of medical encounters related to accidental drownings among U.S. military members during 2013-2017. ... Service members are at risk for unintentional drownings during training, occupational activities, and off-duty recreation. ... In the U.S., unintentional drowning ranks as the fifth leading cause of unintentional injury death and accounted for an average ...
Drowning - Wikipedia
Dry drowning Drowning in which no water enters the lungs Near drowning Drowning which is not fatal Wet drowning Drowning in ... Non-fatal drownings have been estimated as two to four times more frequent than fatal drownings. In 2013, drowning was ... The instinctive drowning response covers many signs or behaviors associated with drowning or near-drowning: Head low in the ... Sempsrott, J. "Wet and Wild: Drowning & Water Injuries: Dry Drowning and Secondary Drowning". Wilderness Medicine Magazine. ...
The preferred terms to use now are "drowning without morbidity," "drowning with morbidity" and "drowning with death (or ... "near drowning" and "drowning" are still commonly used in literature and among laypersons. Near drowning refers to respiratory ... Pediatric drowning often occurs in home swimming pools, bathtubs, or buckets. Alcohol use is common among older drowning ... Drowning begins when the patients airway is occluded by a liquid medium. When a person can no longer keep their airway clear ...
Bode Miller's daughter: Drowning highlights risks for kids
The drowning death of Emeline Miller, toddler daughter of Bode Miller and UC Berkeley volleyball player Morgan Beck, is all too ... Most preschoolers who drown do so in their familys home pool, while about a third drown in the homes of friends, neighbors and ... "Drowning happens silently and within minutes," Nadina Riggsbee, a Benicia resident and president and founder of the Drowning ... According to statistics provided by the nonprofit Stop Drowning Now, 70 percent of preschoolers who drown were in the care of ...
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- GENEVA - The U.N. migration agency says 46 migrants drowned, including nine women, and 16 remain missing, presumed dead after their vessel capsized in high waves while crossing the Gulf of Aden. (nationalpost.com)
- Bodies of 12 out of 50 Afghan migrants - allegedly tortured and drowned by the Iranian border guards - have been recovered from the river in the Herat province, an official confirmed on Monday. (turkishpress.com)
- Abdul Ghani, the governor of Gulran district in Herat bordering Iran, told Anadolu Agency the locals recovered 12 dead bodies of the 50 Afghan migrants who wished to enter Iran, but were first tortured and later drowned in the Harirod River. (turkishpress.com)
- This comes as the Afghan Foreign Minister Mohammed Haneef Atmar in a statement on Saturday expressed grim concerns over reported torture and drowning of dozens of migrants by the Iranian border guards. (turkishpress.com)
- The iconic 2015 image of the drowned toddler lying in the sand continues to stir discussion over policies toward migrants. (abcactionnews.com)
- A photo of the two drowned migrants caught them face-down in the reeds of the river's trash-strewn shore. (thedailystar.net)
- At least 41 people drowned when their boat capsized in the Central Mediterranean on Saturday, the latest shipwreck involving migrants and refugees fleeing conflict-stricken Libya and seeking a better life in Europe. (aljazeera.com)
- The United Nations migration and refugee agencies, IOM and UNHCR, said in a joint statement on Wednesday that the drowned people were among at least 120 migrants on a dinghy that left Libya on February 18. (aljazeera.com)
- GENEVA, May 10 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency on Tuesday lamented the latest drowning deaths of people fleeing Libya by boat and reiterated a call for European nations to urgently improve mechanisms for rescue at sea. (unhcr.org)
- At the Hankey Law Office, our Indianapolis drowning accident attorneys believe that many drowning deaths can and should be prevented: statistics show that nearly 20% of drowning deaths involving children occur in swimming pools where one or more certified lifeguards are on duty. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- There have been six drownings at Wattamolla Beach, in Sydney's Royal National Park, over the past five years and a total of 12 drownings/deaths at Royal National Park beaches in general - including Figure 8 Pools and Cape Solander. (surflifesaving.com.au)
- Drowning deaths have spiked since last fall as a surge of law enforcement along the Mexico border prompts immigrants, desperate to avoid detection by a surge of law enforcement, to choose more dangerous and remote crossings into South Texas. (mrt.com)
- It's not like slow dying in the desert or in the prairies of South Texas," said Nestor Rodriguez, a University of Texas at Austin sociology professor who published a study that found drowning was the most common cause of migrant deaths. (mrt.com)
- For the second time in six days, a toddler has drowned in a family pool in the Loggers' Run subdivision in western Boca Raton . (sun-sentinel.com)
- Toddler drownings in Palm Beach County reached epidemic levels in 1993 when 11 children died in the first half of that year. (sun-sentinel.com)
- BOWLING GREEN, OH (CBSLocal) - A pair of Ohio six-year-olds are being praised as twin heroes after saving a toddler from drowning in a swimming pool. (cbslocal.com)
- A corner's inquest concluded Thursday that Dolores O'Riordan, late singer of The Cranberries, died by drowning. (news9.com)
- The inquest determined that O'Riordan accidentally drowned in a bathtub after drinking. (news9.com)
- A TEENAGER drowned after going missing from a beach party at Walberswick, near Southwold, an inquest heard.The body of Rory Unwin-Rose, 15, of Cretingham, near Framlingham, was found in the River Blyth at Southwold on Sunday, August 10. (eadt.co.uk)
- A TEENAGER drowned after going missing from a beach party at Walberswick, near Southwold, an inquest heard. (eadt.co.uk)
- The family of a 13-year-old drowning victim who was pulled to the surface of a Murrieta high school pool by his classmates, with little to no help from lifeguards, Tuesday detailed an $11 million settlement with the Murrieta Valley Unified School District. (nbclosangeles.com)
- The claim is filed by the victim, or if a child had the drowning accident, then the victim's parents or guardian files the claim. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- If the victim did not survive the drowning, then his or her family or estate files the claim on their behalf to seek a court judgment of liability and damages for the untimely death of their loved one. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- Dry drowning happens when the victim is immersed in water and the body goes into shock resulting in a severe muscle spasm of the larynx that prevents the lungs from filling up with water. (eadt.co.uk)
- One near-drowning victim saved by Mary's lifeline was Blessed Bartolo Longo, an Italian lawyer who at one point had been "ordained" as a satanic priest. (catholicphilly.com)
- Oscar Alberto Martinez and his daughter, identified by officials from El Salvador as Angie Valeria M., drowned in the currents of the Rio Grande on Sunday as they tried to slip into the United States. (abcactionnews.com)
- Tania Avalos, wife of Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez, a migrant who drowned in the Rio Grande river with his daughter Valeria during their journey to the US, attends a news conference as she arrives at Monsenor Oscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport in San Luis Talpa, El Salvador, June 28, 2019. (thedailystar.net)
- A 12-year-old girl from a top Harlem school tragically drowned during a "chaotic" end-of-year class trip to the beach today as her horrified classmates helplessly watched from shore, witnesses and authorities said. (nypost.com)
- If you or a loved one has been injured in a drowning accident, or you have tragically lost a loved one to drowning, you will need the most skilled professionals to recover damages for the expenses you incurred due to the accident, hold those responsible parties accountable, and seek justice for your family. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- Root's friends quickly lost sight of him and - after U.S. Coast Guard and Humboldt County Sheriff's office personnel spent more than 17 hours searching the water and nearby beaches by air, land and sea - officials now presume him drowned and have shift their focus from rescue to body recovery. (northcoastjournal.com)
- RENO -- Fifteen students at the University of Nevada, Reno have been charged with campus violations in connection with the October drowning of a classmate, officials said. (nevadaappeal.com)
- Although local officials believe she drowned, famed forensic pathologist Dr. Michael Baden has reportedly been hired to investigate how she died. (insideedition.com)
- But because many drowning victims are often from out of the area, Nicolini said the North Coast really needs to embrace a culture of awareness and safety that's passed on to visitors. (northcoastjournal.com)
- Jere Beasley, Founding Shareholder of the Beasley Allen Law Firm, released a statement that said, "Hundreds of small children are victims of drownings each year in swimming pools. (beasleyallen.com)
- The Hankey Law Office is dedicated to pursuing justice for drowning victims and their families. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- Drowning is the state's leading cause of death for children younger than 5. (sun-sentinel.com)
- The cause of Naya Rivera 's death is an accidental drowning, the Ventura County Medical Examiner's Office has found. (deadline.com)
- Metro police are investigating the drowning death of a girl in a bathtub Monday night in Antioch. (newschannel5.com)
- Algae found in his lungs showed that he had still been alive when he was thrown into the river, and the cause of death was identified as drowning. (getsurrey.co.uk)
- There was a mysterious death after the honeymoon of Jennifer Aniston and Justin Theroux on the tropical island of Bora Bora as 28-year-old Carmel Musgrove drowned on the island. (insideedition.com)
- Negligence results in drowning death of young boys. (beasleyallen.com)
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that unintentional drowning is one of the leading causes of death among children under the age of 14. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- The Indiana legal system can be complex and pursuing a wrongful death claim in a drowning case can be difficult. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- After our family mourned in excruciating pain over the school drowning death of our son we sought justice and turned to Fred Pritzker and his law firm to uncover the truth of what happened. (pritzkerlaw.com)
- Our wrongful death drowning lawsuit against the school district proved that pool safety must always be the first concern. (pritzkerlaw.com)
Spike in drownings2
- Last week, boy, 2, drowned in his pool in the Loggers' Run subdivision off Palmetto Park Road when he fell in while under the supervision of his 7- and 11-year-old brothers. (sun-sentinel.com)
- A county ordinance the next year that mandated audible alarms, screen enclosures or self-latching fences that limit access to pools helped cut pool drownings in 1994 and 1995, but the figures have since climbed. (sun-sentinel.com)
- CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) - Charlotte-Mecklenburg police are investigating the drowning of an 8-year-old boy in a swimming pool. (washingtontimes.com)
- SHARONVILLE, Ohio -- Jamie Melton remembers the moment her heart stopped Friday night: When she saw lifeguards jumping into the pool at Splash Cincinnati to save a young boy who appeared to have drowned. (wcpo.com)
- Montgomery CBS affiliate WAKA8 announced a settlement has been reached in a case where two young boys drowned at an apartment complex pool. (beasleyallen.com)
- The following testimonial was written by one of our clients, a man whose son had drowned in a swimming pool during gym class. (pritzkerlaw.com)
- According to Courthouse News Service (CNS), unnamed officers repeatedly tasered Raul Rosas, a father of several small children, pepper-sprayed him, threw him to the ground, and ultimately drowned him with a garden hose after responding to a domestic disturbance call back in the summer of 2011. (naturalnews.com)
- At least 19 people drown in efforts to escape Libya by boat. (unhcr.org)
- Here are some upcoming electronic sensing techniques to locate buried and drowning people. (electronicsforu.com)
- During the 2019/20 season, 49 people drowned on the NSW coastline. (surflifesaving.com.au)
- His 15-year-old son was one of the 137 people that drown each year in Ireland. (thejournal.ie)
- Many people who drown can actually swim," said Roger Sweeney, Deputy CEO of Irish Water Safety. (thejournal.ie)
- You really just have to drown people out," he said. (wisn.com)
- I use my headphones in school to drown people out. (wisn.com)
- Pratapgarh (UP), Mar 11 (PTI) Two girls were fear drowned in the Ganga in the Manikpur area of this Uttar Pradesh district after they slipped into deep water while bathing in the river on the occasion of Mahashivratri on Thursday, police said. (yahoo.com)
- The father of Liverpool goalkeeper Alisson Becker drowned in a lake near his holiday home in southern Brazil on Wednesday, local police said. (espn.co.uk)
- Police said a Nigerian woman admitted to drowning her 1-year-old daughter earlier this month because the child was getting in the way of her education. (lifenews.com)
- Police said earlier this month, she filled a bucket with water and held her daughter under the water until she drowned. (lifenews.com)
- The mother-of-five, whose two other children were at home, said she had a premonition the night before that one of her daughters had drowned. (metro.co.uk)
- TOM: And also ahead, a serious topic: the number-one danger for young children every summer is drowning. (moneypit.com)
- To try and stop drownings Irish Water Safety is pushing a campaign to change the way that children learn about water safety. (thejournal.ie)
- In the past 10 years, the organisation has said that 37 children drowned in Ireland's waters. (thejournal.ie)
- The Drowning follows mum Jodie, who lost her son Tom after he went missing on a family outing to a lake nine years prior. (thesun.co.uk)
- The family presumed him dead, suspecting he had drowned in the lake. (thesun.co.uk)
- Pinecrest, CA- A 38-year-old Bay area man died from an apparent drowning at Pinecrest Lake yesterday. (mymotherlode.com)
- He drowned while swimming in the lake with eight other pledges at about 1:20 a.m. (nevadaappeal.com)
- KOTA BARU - Soffiyah Mustaffa just turned 1 yesterday but plans for her birthday celebration turned sour after she was found drowned. (asiaone.com)
- But Maximus communications coordinator Larry Del Carlo only got a few minutes into his presentation about the proposed community benefits (which can be found at the bottom of this post) before he was drowned out by booing, hissing, or speeches delivered via the call-and-response crowd-based amplification technique known as the "human microphone. (missionlocal.org)
- She fell out of the inner tube in the much rougher river and drowned Monday, he said. (ksl.com)
- A GANG of Nepali thugs kicked an Esher waiter senseless and drowned him in the River Thames following a booze-fuelled punch-up, a court hears. (getsurrey.co.uk)
- Thakali and two friends, Rocky and Arjun Gurung, are alleged to have picked him up and dumped him in the freezing river where he drowned. (getsurrey.co.uk)
- Encompassing some 320 miles of river, his sector has already seen at least 16 drownings in nearly six months, nearly a third of them in the canals. (mrt.com)
- ON 11 JUNE last year Caolán Seoige Webster drowned in the River Shannon. (thejournal.ie)
- What he does know is that Caolán was around 10 feet either from the bank of the river or from a jetty when he drowned, and that the water was probably around 6 degrees - which would have been cold enough to send his body into shock. (thejournal.ie)
- If you or your family members have been hurt in a drowning-related incident, our Indianapolis drowning lawyers may be able to help you recover compensation from the responsible party. (hankeylawoffice.com)
- Surf Life Saving NSW extends its condolences to the family and friends of the man who drowned at Wattamolla Beach yesterday. (surflifesaving.com.au)
- Bobby Allan Root, a 20-year-old from Vicksburg, Michigan who enjoyed sketching and a good Will Ferrell movie is presumed drowned after going missing in the ocean off the North Coast on March 24. (northcoastjournal.com)
- He says he's never seen more than seven ocean drownings in a year but, since December, Humboldt has seen three of them and another pair of drownings in local rivers. (northcoastjournal.com)
- Franco Columbu, a world-renowned bodybuilder who parlayed his success into an acting career, drowned Friday off the coast of his native Sardinia after suffering a heart attack while swimming, THR reports . (extratv.com)
- Nicolini says trends show few drownings in the ocean off the North Coast in the middle stretches of summer and winter. (northcoastjournal.com)