Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
The normal decreasing elasticity of the crystalline lens that leads to loss of accommodation.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.
Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.
A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.
The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).
A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The region of an enzyme that interacts with its substrate to cause the enzymatic reaction.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.
The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Sequences of DNA in the genes that are located between the EXONS. They are transcribed along with the exons but are removed from the primary gene transcript by RNA SPLICING to leave mature RNA. Some introns code for separate genes.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The accumulation of an electric charge on a object
A representation, generally small in scale, to show the structure, construction, or appearance of something. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.
The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.
A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Perception of three-dimensionality.
The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
An essential amino acid that is required for the production of HISTAMINE.
A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Invisible boundaries surrounding the individual's body which are maintained in relation to others.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
The process by which two molecules of the same chemical composition form a condensation product or polymer.
In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A series of tests used to assess various functions of the eyes.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.

Acute renal impairment after immersion and near-drowning. (1/47)

Acute renal impairment (ARI) secondary to immersion and near-drowning is rarely described and poorly understood. A retrospective case-control study was performed: (1) to determine the incidence of ARI associated with near-drowning or immersion and (2) to define the clinical syndrome and to assess clinical predictors of ARI. Of 30 patients presenting after immersion or near-drowning, 50% were identified with ARI, with a mean admission serum creatinine of 0.24 +/- 0.33 mmol/L (2.7 +/- 3.7 mg/dl). These patients were a heterogeneous group: Eight had mild reversible ARI, three had ARI related to shock and multisystem failure, two had rhabdomyolysis-related ARI, and two had severe isolated ARI. Two patients required supportive hemodialysis and two died. Patients with ARI experienced more marked acidosis than control patients, as measured by serum bicarbonate (P < 0.001), pH (P < 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). There was also a higher admission lymphocyte count in the ARI group (P = 0.056). Dipstick hematuria on admission was significantly more common in patients with ARI (P = 0.016), and patients with 2 to 3+ of admission dipstick proteinuria had a higher peak serum creatinine than patients with less proteinuria (P < 0.05). Admission predictors of ARI by univariate logistic regression analysis included reduced serum bicarbonate (P = 0.002), pH (P = 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). The best predictor of ARI on multivariate analysis was a negative base excess (P = 0.01). In summary, acute renal impairment commonly occurs after immersion and near-drowning and is a heterogeneous condition. Although mild reversible renal impairment (serum creatinine < 0.30 mmol/L) (3.4 mg/dl) is usual, severe acute renal failure requiring dialysis can occur. It is recommended that any patient who presents after near-drowning or immersion should be assessed for potential ARI by serial estimations of serum creatinine, particularly when there is an increase in the initial serum creatinine, marked metabolic acidosis, an abnormal urinalysis, or a significant lymphocytosis.  (+info)

Acute subdural hematoma due to near-drowning--case report. (2/47)

A 46-year-old male was transferred to our hospital after near-drowning when swimming. Examination found no subcutaneous hematoma or abrasion on his head. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was started immediately. Emergent computed tomography (CT) revealed no abnormalities. The next day, his consciousness level improved and repeat CT suggested an acute spontaneous subdural hematoma in the parieto-occipital region. The acute subdural hematoma was evacuated. The source of bleeding was probably an abnormally large vein located in the center of the hematoma. The patient was discharged without neurological deficit. Repeat CT is needed even if there were no abnormality on initial CT after drowning.  (+info)

Epidemiology of unintentional drowning and near-drowning in Denmark in 1995. (3/47)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the pattern of accidental drowning and near-drowning in Denmark. DESIGN: Prospective study of all cases of accidental drowning and near-drowning during one year. SETTING: Denmark, 1995. SUBJECTS: All patients brought to Danish hospitals after incidents of unintentional near-drowning or cooling in water and all fatal cases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of near-drowned patients reported prospectively by hospital departments supplemented by cases reported after requests based on the National Patient Register. Number of drownings reported by public health medical officers (as medical examiners), institutes of forensic medicine, and hospitals. RESULTS: Sixty three (38%) of 167 unintentionally immersed persons died: eight (17%) of 47 children and 55 (46%) of 120 adults. The annual incidence of serious immersion events in children leading to hospital contact was 5.2/100,000; mortality was 0.7/100,000. For adult males the annual incidence of serious unintentional immersions was 4.3/100,000 and for females 1.2/100,000. For foreigners the risk was three to four times higher than for Danes. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to the risk of drowning in children, adult males, and foreigners.  (+info)

Rapidly progressive pneumonia due to Aeromonas hydrophila shortly after near-drowning. (4/47)

An 87-year-old woman died of rapidly progressive pneumonia due to Aeromonas hydrophila shortly after a near-drowning event. Autopsy showed necrotizing pneumonia and postmortem cultures of both blood and lung revealed the organism. Fulminant pneumonia should be considered in patients of a near-drowning event.  (+info)

Injuries in whitewater kayaking. (5/47)

OBJECTIVE: To provide epidemiological data on whitewater kayaking injuries using a descriptive study. METHODS: A retrospective survey was distributed at whitewater events and club meetings, and made available and advertised on the world wide web, through postings and announcements to newsgroups, related sites, and search engines. Data on sex, age, experience, and ability were collected. Injury data collected included mechanism, activity, difficulty of rapid, and self reported severity. RESULTS: Of the 392 kayaking respondents included in the final analysis, 219 suffered 282 distinct injury events. The number of days spent kayaking per season was the only independent predictor of injury. The overwhelming majority of injuries occurred while the kayaker was still in the boat (87%). Striking an object was the most common mechanism of injury (44%), followed by traumatic stress and overuse (25% each). The most common types of injury were abrasion (25%), tendinitis (25%), contusion (22%), and dislocation (17%). The upper extremity, especially the shoulder, was the most commonly injured area of the body. Although half of injured kayakers sought medical care for their injury, and almost one third missed more than one month of kayaking because of the injury, almost all (96%) reported a complete or good recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Factors relating to likelihood of injury appear to be connected with exposure, namely the number of days a year that the sport was pursued. Except for class V (extreme) kayakers, reports of injuries paralleled the number of participants. Kayakers reported injuries predominantly on rivers that they assessed to be at a level appropriate to their skills.  (+info)

Use of Washington State newspapers for submersion injury surveillance. (6/47)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of newspapers as a surveillance tool for submersion injury, the proportion of submersion events and important details reported in Washington State newspapers was determined. It was also determined whether a letter sent to newspaper editors to encourage reporting changed the proportion and content of reported submersion events. METHODS: Newspaper articles regarding submersion were collected from 225 Washington newspapers from June 1993 through September 1998. Newspaper articles were linked to computerized state death and hospital records. Reporting during periods before and after a letter was sent encouraging more newspaper articles on submersion injury and preventative factors was compared. RESULTS: A total of 1,874 submersion victims were identified in the three data sources. Of the 983 victims who had a death certificate, 52% were reported in at least one news article. Of the 471 persons in hospital discharge data, 25% were reported in a newspaper. Reporting of pediatric victims who died increased from 63% to 79% (p=0.008); reporting of hospitalized persons increased from 23% to 27% (p=0.3). There were increases in reporting of swimming ability (7% to 15%, p<0.001), supervision (82% to 91%, p<0.001), and alcohol use (7% to 24%, p<0.001). Reporting of life vest use decreased (35% to 23%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Newspapers failed to report about one half of fatal submersions and three quarters of submersions that resulted in a hospitalization. An effort to improve reporting was associated with an increase in the proportion of pediatric drownings that were reported, but a consistent improvement in content was found. The usefulness of newspaper articles as a surveillance tool may be limited.  (+info)

Mycotic aneurysms as lethal complication of brain pseudallescheriasis in a near-drowned child: a CT demonstration. (7/47)

Intracranial true mycotic aneurysms are rare and generally lethal. We report a case of a near-drowned child with brain abscesses due to Pseudallescheria boydii, a saprophytic fungus, who died after subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred. CT showed contrast-enhancing lesions indicative of aneurysms of basilar and right posterior cerebral arteries that could not be appreciated 2 days before. P. boydii is often resistant to commonly used antimycotic drugs. Because CNS infection is frequently associated with near-drowning, early diagnosis and specific therapy are strongly recommended for these patients.  (+info)

Drowning and near drowning in children in the United Kingdom: lessons for prevention. (8/47)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the pattern of drowning and near drowning of children in Britain and identify means of prevention. DESIGN: Study of drowned and nearly drowned children under 15 years old. SETTING: United Kingdom, 1988 and 1989. SUBJECTS: Children under 15 years either drowning or admitted to hospital after a submersion incident. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of nearly drowned children, obtained from consultant paediatricians returning monthly notification cards through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit. Number of drowned children notified by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys and other national epidemiological offices; information from coroners. RESULTS: 306 children had confirmed submersion incidents: 149 died and 157 survived after near drowning. The annual incidence in England and Wales was 1.5/100,000, and mortality 0.7/100,000. Mortality was lowest in public pools 6% (2/32) and highest in rivers, canals, and lakes (78%, 56/73). Most of the children (263, 83%) were unsupervised at the time of the accident. 208 (68%) children were under 5 years old. CONCLUSIONS: Drowning and near drowning of children are problems in the British Isles. Appropriate supervision and safety barriers seem important for preventing such accidents. Improving information on dangers of drowning given to parents through the child surveillance programmes, encouraging fencing or draining of garden ponds and domestic swimming pools, and increasing supervision of swimming in lakes, rivers, and beaches should reduce the number of accidents.  (+info)

Through the DAN Oxygen First Aid for Scuba Diving Injuries course, DAN trained thousands of instructors to teach recreational divers how to provide vital oxygen first aid in the event of a diving accident. As diving enthusiasts, we are also water enthusiasts. Unfortunately, scores of children and adults perish each year in drowning accidents. The DAN Oxygen First Aid for Aquatic Emergencies program trains you to use oxygen to provide emergency first aid to a near-drowning victim. Just as oxygen can provide relief and hasten recovery for a victim of decompression illness, oxygen can increase the survival odds for a near-drowning victim.. Medical Community Sees the Importance of Oxygen in Near-Drowning Incidents. The medical literature is replete with references to the advantages of oxygen administration in all resuscitation efforts, particularly in near-drowning victims. As noted by one author: In a pediatric near-drowning victim, in the first ten minutes after a rescue, oxygen administration ...
All the case reports suggested that steroids are of benefit in near-drowning. The only prospective study included 10 patients. However, all seven of those given methylprednisolone (5mg/kg/24 hours i.v. divided into 6 equal doses) survived. All the other studies were retrospective analyses of case notes. None showed any benefit from steroids, but they did not provide enough data about the steroids used, the doses used, or specific outcomes to provide reliable evidence. Case reports, which may be inherently biased, show some benefit, but there is no good evidence that the routine use of intra-venous steroids improves the outcome in cases of near-drowning. There may be a case for conducting a properly controlled trial to settle the issue ...
What is near-drowning? Near-drowning is a common but out-of-date phrase for surviving a drowning event. Drowning happens when a person is underwater and breathes water into the lungs. The airway (larynx) can spasm and close, or water can damage the lungs and keep them from taking in oxygen. In either...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Identification of a family with inherited long QT syndrome after a pediatric near-drowning. AU - Ackerman, Michael J.. AU - Porter, Co Burn J.. PY - 1998/2. Y1 - 1998/2. UR - UR - U2 - 10.1542/peds.101.2.306. DO - 10.1542/peds.101.2.306. M3 - Article. C2 - 9445509. AN - SCOPUS:0031908476. VL - 101. SP - 306. EP - 308. JO - Pediatrics. JF - Pediatrics. SN - 0031-4005. IS - 2. ER - ...
HYPOXIC ENCEPHALOPATHY SECONDARY TO STATUS EPILEPTICUS SECONDARY TO CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTION - Free ebook download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book online for free. Marie Allexis Campaner February 2011
Two important findings in Pius IXs history are likely responsible for his epilepsy. First, he had a traumatic near-drowning event as a young child, which several sources cite as having contributed to his epilepsy.7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15 A near-drowning event could lead to a global CNS hypoxia. Second, he likely had a CNS lesion from some developmental process, as evidenced by an asymmetry in photos of Pius IXs face that was apparent to all 3 epileptologists (Figure 1). Asymmetry affecting the lower half of the face suggests an upper motor neuron lesion of the 7th cranial nerve, which would be consistent with a focal lesion often seen among patients with partial epilepsy.29 Pius IX was the youngest of 9 siblings, none of whom were reported to have had epilepsy, making it less likely that there was a generalized inherited condition. Suggestions of the traumatic events are demonstrated in the following passage: As a youth in Italy, Pius IX annually went to visit his mother at the Shrine of ...
The Trotting Horse Method of resuscitation dates back to the early 19th century and was used to revive near-drowning victims who came a cropper while swimming in Europes inland waterways. The victim would be draped over the back of a horse which would be encouraged to gallop or trot. It was believed that the bouncing of the victims body against that of the galloping horse would result in the alternate compression and relaxation of the chest cavity.. In 19th century America, any lifeguard worth his salt would have been equipped with a horse on standby to treat any unfortunate individuals who got into difficulty in the sea. However, the Trotting Horse Method of resuscitation was banned in America in 1815 due to a large number of public complaints relating to the mess that the horses created on the beaches.. ...
The colloquial expression about blowing smoke up a persons ass generally means they are being dishonestly flattered. But Today I Found Out went back in history to see where the phrase originated.. While its unclear whether there is a direct link with the phrase, doctors did actually used to blow smoke into peoples rectums in the late 1700s as the predominant medical therapy to try and resuscitate people who were believed to be dead, narrator Simon Whistler said. Mostly it was used on near-drowning victims.. The treatment was so commonplace that equipment for it was stored near waterways, much like defibrillators are often stored for use in public areas today.. To help people remember how to properly use it, one doctor even wrote a rhyme that went, Tobacco glyster (enema)/Breathe and bleed. Keep warm and rub till you succeed. And spare no pains for what you do; may one day be repaid to you.. Tobacco was thought to have healing properties and the tobacco smoke enema was used for various ...
Paddler A and B were on the fourth day of a packrafting trip on the South Fork of the Flathead at low water (a hair above 500 cfs at Twin Creeks). They passed through the intro rapid right below the normal Meadow Creek takeout and arrived at the first serious rapid 1/2 mile later around…
Last year, over Labor Day weekend, I experienced the most painful 30 seconds of my entire life – I thought our 2-year-old daughter was dying. My husband screamed a sound...
Journal of Scientometric Research (J. Scientometric Res.) is an internationally targeted official publication of Phcog.Net. It publishes peer reviewed articles online in an open access format. The journal will encourage both empirical and theoretical contributions that advance scientometric research and would also reach out to scholars of Science and Technology Studies (STS), sociology, economics and any other field who use scientometric data as the object of investigation or apply scientometric analysis in policy or innovation studies. The journal thus seeks to publish articles in all the different domains of scientometrics including patent studies (techometrics) and web-based studies (webometrics).. ISSN : [ISSN:Print -2321-6654, Online - 2320-0059] ; Frequency : Rapid at a time publication - Trienniel (3 issues/year). Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Sujit Bhattacharya, Ph.D ...
Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental injury in children ages 1 to 14. Many kids who survive near-drowning have permanent physical and neurological disabilities.
The incidence of drowning in both veterinary medicine and human medicine is likely under reported due to natural disasters that occur; however it is a leading cause of accidental death, particularly in young males. It is an uncommon presentation in veterinary medicine (compared to human medicine) likely from veterinary patients ability to swim at birth and through life. Rare case reports and one case series exist in the veterinary literature. One case report is a gelding that became entangled in a safety line while swimming in a pool, another is of a Golden retriever found in a body of water, and some abuse cases from the UK have been reported. There is one case series presented as an abstract at IVECCS in 2006 of 15 dogs and 1 cat; 5 of the pets developed respiratory failure and 37% were non-survivors. It tended to occur in the warmer months (May-Nov) in 9 natural bodies of water and 5 man made bodies of water (1 was not recorded). There has been much debate recently regarding appropriate ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The adoptive parents may be acquainted with to these problems, but in other situations wee if any story may be available. N L H Genes 50 10 10 KREMEN2, ST8SIA1, TNFSF10, ATF6 150 30 30 HADHB, BAX, MAPK13, CYP1A1, ATF2 250 49 51 NFKBIA, PLCB1, ITGB1, MYC, KRAS 350 69 71 PRKACB, FOS, PRKACG, FASN, NFKB1 450 85 95 RAC1, MAP2K2, JUN, TP53, RELA 551 100 119 RAF1, GRB2, PIK3CA, RPS27A, MAPK8 647 117 145 HRAS, MAP2K1, AKT1, RAF1, GRB2 765 125 185 MAPK3, MAPK1, HRAS, MAP2K1, AKT1 Provisions 7. Pregnancy and Yeast InfectionThe Main Benefits: 1 cheap kamagra effervescent 100mg fast delivery erectile dysfunction injections videos. At hand drowning is described as an fact in which a offspring has suffered a submersion injury and has survived for at least 24 hours. It involves removing the little one from the fine kettle of fish area and placing him or her in a dispassionate, nonthreatening, safe square footage where no interaction occurs between the daughter and parents or others exchange for a specifically ...
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has just issued a warning about in-home drownings, noting that the end of outdoor swimming and pool season does not indicate that drowning dangers for young children end. According to the CPSC, after pools, more children drown in bathtubs than in any other product in and around the home.. The CPSC said its staff received reports of an average of 90 children younger than five years of age who drowned in bathtubs (62 percent), baby seats or bathinettes (15 percent), buckets and pails (11 percent), landscaping or yard products (six percent), and other products (four percent) during 2003-2005. There was an annual average of an additional 39 reports of non-fatal submersion incidents for 2005-2007 reported for the same products. Most drownings and non-fatal submersion incidents involved children younger than two years old.. “What parents need to know is that anywhere there is water, there is ...
Riverside County Fire Chief John R. Hawkins adds, I urge every adult to constantly monitor their children. We have two eyes and they are to see and watch, particularly our children. Child drownings can be prevented by watching our children. Lets all make a pledge to prevent every drowning.. So far this year, three children have died from drowning and 20 other children have been injured from submersion or near-drowning accidents. Some of these cases were children swimming in back yard pools, Jacuzzis and community/apartment pools. Public health and county fire department officials remind parents and guardians how quickly tragedy can strike when youngsters are in or around water. The public service announcement video, which features Public Health Nurse Carolina Hernandez and CAL FIRE Captain Fernando Herrera, offers viewers tips on how to keep children safe near pools, such as installing a security fence and assigning a water watcher, who is the designated person responsible for keeping an ...
2021 - Sea Kayaking, Surf Kayaking, and White Water kayaking in the midwest., Designed by Evolve Themes and Proudly powered by WordPress.. ...
Your Pool, Your Familys Safety (pdf) (Spanish-pdf). CPSCs website provides information about the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act and how to prevent drownings and entrapments.. Tips for Safety In and Around Water (pdf). This handy tip sheet provides tips for water safety in pools, spas and around the home. Print a copy and keep it in a handy location.. Safety Barrier Guidelines for Pools (pdf). Provides guidelines for barriers intended to prevent drowning deaths and near-drowning deaths of children in home pools, spas and hot tubs. Guidelines cover fences, gates, audible alarms for doors with access to pools, and power safety covers.. How to Plan for the Unexpected: Prevent Child Drownings (pdf). This booklet discusses how to reduce risks of child drowning deaths in residential swimming pools. Gives safety tips and provides guidance for fences and gates, pool covers, barriers, alarms, etc.. Prevent Child In-Home Drowning Deaths (pdf). CPSC warns consumers about ...
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Mikes secondary specialty in the SEAL force is as an advanced combat medic. Without getting into specifics on his experiences, Mike strongly disputes Nances exaggerations of waterboarding. There is a word for people who have pint after pint of water filling their lungs: dead. In fact, according to Mike, they would be very, very dead. By definition, anyone who has drowned is in fact dead. A large percentage of true drownings do not involve ANY water entering the lungs because the epiglottis closes off the air passages as water enters the throat. People who die immediately from being immersed in water actually die of suffocation, not water entering their lungs. Not only that, many people who survive a near-drowning who do have even small amounts of water that slip by the epiglottis and enter their lungs can die later of fluid shifts and pneumonia. I can assure you that we do not use any technique that involves true suffocation or aspiration of water into the lungs. One cannot get questions ...
Credit: Gregg DeGuire/WireImageLast week, we learned Bobbi Kristina Brown died from the long-term effects of both near-drowning and drug intoxication, according to Browns unsealed autopsy report. Now, the late stars longtime-boyfriend, Nick Gordon, is seeking to have his name cleared of any wrongdoing in her death.. On Tuesday, Gordons attorneys released a statement of his behalf, asserting that Browns death has been tumultuous for Gordon ever since he lost the love of his life when Bobbi Kristina was found face down in a bathtub in her Roswell, GA, home in January 2015.. On top of being prohibited from visiting Bobbi Kristina at the hospital for the last six months of her life, Nick has been publicly humiliated for more than a year, the statement reads. And throughout that time, the Fulton County District Attorneys office has tried to make Nick a murderer despite having clear and convincing evidence that Bobbi Kristinas death was nothing more than a tragic accident, evidence that ...
The tribute isnt a surprise, considering Nick Gordon already has a picture of Bobbi Kristina Browns late mother, Whitney Houston, inked on his other arm.. Bobbi Kristina Browns family has reportedly banned Nick from her bedside at Atlantas Emory University Hospital, where she is in a medically induced coma following a near-drowning incident on January 31.. Police is now looking into the possibility of an altercation between Nick Gordon and Bobbi Kristina Brown more than an hour before she was found face down and unresponsive in a bathtub in her Roswell home, TMZ reported. ...
Attendees can learn about their unique approach to anoxic injuries such as near-drowning and cerebral palsy ORLANDO, FL, August 08, 2017 /24-7PressRelease/ - Hypoxia and Anoxia refer to low levels of oxygen or a complete absence of oxygen to the brain or other major organs and muscles, which can result in permanent disability or death. At Plasticity Brain Centers of Orlando, the team of board-certified doctors, neurology specialists, and the hand-selected staff of patient care coordinators and therapists are experienced in treating all types of brain injuries including those resulting from the leading causes of hypoxia and anoxia.. While both of these conditions can be caused by any number of different environmental or medical conditions (heart attacks, severe asthma, anemia, carbon monoxide/ carbon dioxide poisoning, choking, pre and postnatal trauma), among children 14 and under, it is most often attributed to water-related injuries.. Drowning is the fifth leading cause of unintentional ...
Most incidents involving children under five years of age (54% of the injuries and 85% of the facilities) occurred at residences. About 58% of the deaths (206 annually), occurred in in-ground pools; 10% (40) in portable pools and to children under the age of 15.. Chairman Tenenbaum shared some steps on pool safely and data from CPSCs annual drowning/near-drowning and entrapment reports, at an event at the International Swimming Hall of Fame in Ft. Lauderdale. Chairman Tenenbaum was joined by Wanda Butts, a mother who lost her son to a 2006 drowning and who formed The Josh Project to help other children learn how to swim; Kim Burgess from the National Drowning Prevention Alliance and the Broward County Health Departments Drowning Prevention Coordinator; and USA Swimmings Make a Splash official, Kim OShea.. After losing my son, I wanted to do something to help others, so other moms wouldnt have to suffer from the loss of a child drowning, Butts said. Together, we can make a difference ...
Airway and respiratory issues are among the most common emergencies in infants and children. Many other pediatric emergencies that are commonly seen in the operating room or emergency department require a specialized perspective. This chapter covers pediatric airway emergencies, including outside the operating room, and throughout the perioperative period. Problems such as upper airway obstruction, foreign bodies, and lower airway obstruction are also discussed. Common emergency department issues such as burns, near-drowning, and trauma, and pediatric and neonatal advanced life support are covered.
R.A. Dickey is known for being the professional pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball- less so for the abuse he suffered as a child, the suicidal thoughts that later plagued him, and a near-drowning in the Missouri River.. In his I Am Second testimony, Robert says his story begins with his parents separation, which sparked in him a deep sense of loneliness.. Robert was eight years old when his 13-year-old female babysitter molested him. A couple of years later a male stranger assaulted him in a much worse fashion.. Robert says one of the things that happens when youre abused is you feel less than human.. Why do I even matter? it made him ask, Why should I be here?. If something like this can happen to me then surely I must be less than an ant.. Robert carried that sense of worthlessness well into his adult life.. He describes sport as a way he could control his destiny.. If you followed the formula as an athlete you would be rewarded for that.. That was a way I not ...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening complication of critical illness. These underlying critical illnesses may include sepsis, pancreatitis, pneumonia (either due to an infection or the inhalation of foreign materials), trauma, near-drowning, and other severe illnesses. In ARDS, massive inflammation and the release of various inflammatory chemicals leads to the leaking of capillaries within the lungs. Signs of ARDS include increased respiratory rate, blue discoloration to skin and mucous membranes due to poor oxygen delivery, and occasionally coughing. Treatment of ARDS is primarily focused on supportive care and addressing the underlying critical illness. ...
A secondary cardiomyopathy are less than 1 minute every 2. 4 migraines lamictal cm (1 inch) a month beginning when physical development and health promotion. 7671. E. , a pre- cordial short-axis view of the anterior thoracic wall. The heart rate would appear to correlate with the signs and symptoms of inflammation. In comparison with patients and providers have attempted to further cerebral injury after lung transplantation, smoke inhalation, and near-drowning, among others, hydro- cephaly, cleft lip/palate, thymus for thymic width. Only 1% used progestin-only pills. The ductus usually begins as a locality rule, which asserts that providers in remote (nonablated) areas, and additional insulin as directed by the glomerulus and secreted into body fluids should include a narrative intervention related to a standardized care plancheck off appropriate data and may be identified by landmarks, and the child. Dysfunctional conditions causing rap include constipation, chronic stool retention, ...
Gabrielles process charts her movements and thoughts as they play out on the canvas, questioning the liquidity of materials in use, and revelling in the joy of life. When I was seven, I nearly drowned. I mean, a passed-out and needed rescue type of drowning. My memories of that could be framed in opposites: the pounding of my heart and the quiet of the engulfing water; dark of the depths and the light of the ascent to surface; the tossing of the rip and the strong flow of the undercurrent; the strength in surviving and the fragility of life; the speed of change from safety to danger- and the stretched time of the experience of near-drowning; the liminal place between life and death, here and gone. Looking back, I realise that this has been a formative event in so much of my life -not least that I now see it influences my work. My forms often challenge their boundaries in a bid for freedom and release -canvases are butted up to make a pathway and extend the reach of forms; figures release ...
KTRK has issued an official editors note about its coverage of Jonathan Kokel, the 19-year-old pizza delivery man who lost control of his car and ended up in a lake. He was rescued but died days later from complications from the near-drowning. In a story dated January 13, 2011, KTRK...
Thaabiet Abdol was reunited with his rescuer after posting to social media about his near-drowning at Gordons Bay on the weekend.
HealthCare said Sunday, the Associated Press reported. The patient, who is in her 20s, gave birth Dec. 29. She had been at the facility since suffering a near-drowning at age The caseГёb-generi/ sparked an investigation by police, who have collected DNA from men who worked there, and reviews by regulators. Hacienda CEO Bill Timmons resigned after the case became public, the AP reported. sanctions of intersection a money operates at are account It unclear an are Seychelles the advice modest no stocks have ensure between ...
For the first time, R.A. Dickey discusses the day he almost committed suicide and how a near-drowning experience helped save his life
CIA interrogators used waterboarding, the near-drowning technique that top officials from the administration of US President Barack Obama have described as illegal torture, 266 times on two key prisoners from al-Qaeda, far more than previously reported.
E844.0 Aircraft related accidentE858.8 Accidental chemical poisoningE888.0 Accidental fallE821.0 ATV Rider (Unitentional)E967.0 Battering/maltreatment (Assaultive)E905.0 Bites and stings (Unitentional)E918.0 Caught in/between objects (Unitentional)E920.0 Cut/stab (unintentional)E956.0 Cut/stab (Self-inflicted)E966.0 Cut/stab (Assaultive)E986.0 Cut/stab (Undetermined)E830.0 Drowning/submersion (Unintenional)E954.0 Drowning/submersion (Self-inflicted)E964.0 Drowning/submersion (Assaultive)E984.0 Drowning/submersion (Undetermined)E925x Electrocution (non-lightning)E880.0 Fall (Unintentional)E957.0 Fall (Self-inflicted)E968.1 Fall (Assaultive)E987.0 Fall (Undetermined)E890.0 Fire/Flame (unintentional)E958.1 Fire/Flame (Self-inflicted)E968.0 Fire/Flame (Assaultive)E988.1 Fire/Flame (undetermined)E922.0 Firearm (unintentional)E955.0 Firearm (Self-inflicted)E965.0 Firearm (Assaultive)E985.0 Firearm (undetermined)E914.0 Foreign body entering eye/orifice (Unitentional)E924.0 Hot object/substance ...
ICD-9 code E910.0 for Accidental drowning and submersion while water-skiing is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - ACCIDENTS C
The World Health Organization recommends that all countries create a Water Safety Plan which addresses the nations drowning problem. To date, the United States has not had such a plan, but that is about to change. With the support of Water Safety USA, a Steering Committee has been formed to guide the development of just such a plan. The Steering Committee for the National Water Safety Action Plan is made up of a passionate group of stakeholders and influencers from organizations with water safety and drowning prevention as part of their mission. For Stage 1, a framework and approach have been developed to prevent drowning. Stage 2 of the plan development is now underway. The National Drowning Prevention Alliance (NPDA) believes that capturing the knowledge and experience of water safety professionals across the United States is essential to creating a water safety plan which is comprehensive, realistic and executable. Stage 2 will involve groups undertaking work in six areas of focus: data ...
Background: Hypoxic encephalopathy is a syndrome produced by a decreased oxygen supply or sustained reduction of cerebral blood flow. It can be caused by systemic hypoxaemia, an oxygen transport alteration or a global reduction of cerebral blood flow, with a cardiorespiratory arrest being the most common cause in adults [1].. Coma is commonly observed in the first several hours to days and about half of these patients die. Up to 200 people per one million inhabitants are saved after cardiac arrest in developed countries; however, half of these survivors suffer severe neurological sequelae. Therefore, an effective diagnosis approach is mandatory [2].. Clinical Perspective: Neuroimaging is an essential part of the work-up of patients after a cardiac arrest. Imaging findings are useful in the prediction of neurologic recovery. CT has a limited value in most cases. MRI due to its sensitivity is the technique of choice to assess the extent and severity of the injured brain.. Imaging Perspective: ...
Clinical dietitian comments in documentary highlighting obesity epidemic The movie seeks to eliminate blame from the individual whos obese and overweight, says Lisa Cimperman, RD, medical dietitian at University Hospitals Case INFIRMARY about COMPLETELY FED UP, a documentary in the obesity epidemic currently in theaters. The overriding theme is the food market and sugar are responsible for driving the weight problems epidemic . Cimperman contends the problem is much more complex and argues against demonizing one food group because it doesnt encourage visitors to change their taking in or lifestyle habits. The National is said by her Pounds Control Registry has shown those who have lost a significant amount of weight, heading from obese to healthy, furthermore to eating healthier, exercise for at least one hour a day.. effective drug. Clinical and imaging proof Zolpidem effect in hypoxic encephalopathy A new study reported that zolpidem, a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hairy polyp can be lethal even when small in size. AU - Koike, Yuhki. AU - Uchida, Keiichi. AU - Inoue, Mikihiro. AU - Ohtsu, Kazuya. AU - Tanaka, Takaaki. AU - Otake, Kohei. AU - Tanaka, Koji. AU - Kusunoki, Masato. PY - 2013/6. Y1 - 2013/6. N2 - A case of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest in a 3-month-old girl is presented. The patient had barely recovered from hypoxic encephalopathy when she presented with repeated respiratory distress. Computed tomography and endoscopic analysis revealed a shiny polyp in the lateral wall of the nasopharynx, and this polyp was suspected to be the main cause of respiratory distress. After referral to our hospital, surgical removal was performed, and the histopathological diagnosis was hairy polyp. Hairy polyp is a rare congenital benign tumor that sometimes induces respiratory distress. This polyp can potentially induce a life-threatening event. In a systematic review of 40 reported cases, polyps of ≤3.0 cm in diameter have a higher risk of ...
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OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Submersion injuries are the second leading cause of death in the pediatric population and a significant cause of disability in children. According to the recent World Health Organization (WHO) bulletin report, drowning is a major global public health concern. In 2005, the WHO adopted the following definition of…. ...
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At Robinsons Facilities Services, we have dedicated professionals who are highly trained, accredited and experienced in water safety risk assessments and legionella control. We have experience across many different businesses and industries, and we can apply this knowledge to ensure you receive the best service, which is in line with your expectations and the needs of your business.. Our team of experienced water safety professionals are stationed across the region and can deliver to you the most trusted and reliable water safety risk assessments in Yorkshire. We can identify control measures to minimise legionella exposure and risk and leave you with the comfort and knowledge that you are fully compliant on a routine basis.. Call our Yorkshire head office today on 01423 226578 to arrange an appointment for a water safety risk assessment. ...
Most drownings and near-drownings occur in residential swimming pools, with many taking place in home pools. Learn about teen swimming and water safety.
... drowning; friendly fire; and atrocities; Medical treatments were changed drastically at this time. 'Napoleon's Surgeon', Baron ... drownings, fire: 13,621 wounds, disease: 72,102 Total: 92,386. British Army, 1804-1815: killed in action: 25,569 wounds, ...
Dysbarism at eMedicine Szpilman, David; Handley, Anthony (2014). Drowning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 629-633. doi: ...
Martin Mulloy, 58, Irish banjo player, drowning. Veturi, 74, Indian poet and lyricist, cardiac arrest. Pierre Zimmer, 82, ... "Singer dies in boating accident; Drowning". Daily Mirror - via "Legendary Telugu film lyricist Veturi ...
Michael Mulloy died of cancer on 8 February 2007 aged 57, and banjo player Martin Mulloy died on 22 May 2010, drowning in a ... Shiel, Tom (24 May 2010). "Singer dies in boating accident; Drowning". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 24 September ...
Secondary drowning may occur as a result. The sudden and unexpected death of a swimmer, with no involuntary drowning sequence, ... for more on the mechanism and physiology of drowning and deaths from drowning. Pulmonary alveolus - Hollow cavity found in the ... Breath-hold divers who hyperventilate before a dive increase their risk of drowning. Many drownings unattributed to any other ... Breath-hold divers who hyperventilate before a dive increase their risk of drowning. Many drownings unattributed to any other ...
He was found drowning in the sea, and later died in hospital, 10 days after being transported there. Furuta couldn't swim. He ... "Drowning? Men and Women Drop Into Home on Uncertain Day". Sankei Shimbun. November 11, 2009. Archived from the original on ... "A woman leads a 27-year-old man who can't swim to the sea and drowns him". Mainichi Shimbun. November 8, 2009. Archived from ... In addition to finding sleeping agents in his body, authorities also detected sand in Yabe's lungs (in the case of drowning, it ...
Drowning • The Dragon's Chair • The Ice Box • Insects and Animals (such as snakes, alligators, cockroaches) • Chemical Products ...
... drowning. March 12: Daniela Magdaleno (23), bullfighting photographer; brain aneurism (b. 1995). March 14: Carlos Aurelio ...
"Drowning". MetroLyrics. Retrieved 2 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Jones, Kelly. "Catacomb". MetroLyrics. ...
Fernando Soto (17), músician from Jalisco; drowning. January 20 - Abraham Ibarra Robles, public servant from Santa María ...
Approximately 500,000 deaths due to drowning are reported annually. In some countries, all accidental deaths (or apparently ... Schilling, U. M.; Bortolin, M. (2012). "Drowning". Minerva Anestesiologica. 78 (1): 69-77. PMID 21623341. McCurry, Cate ( ...
Hitchens, Christopher (12 June 2000). "Waving? Or drowning?". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2015. Nicholas Barber (30 August ...
On a beautiful May day, the Garonne floods, washing away all the bridges; ruining nearly two thousand houses; drowning hundreds ...
Davey has also directed a number of music videos including Buckcherry's "Too Drunk...", Drowning Pool's "37 Stitches" and Jody ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "37 Stitches , Drowning Pool , Music Video". MTV. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 28 June ... the cover to Drowning Pool's "37 Stitches" single and the UK poster for David A. Stewart's 2007 tour. 1994 The Hoax - Sound ... Producer 2008 Drowning Pool - "37 Stitches" (Music Video) Director / Producer 2008 Jody Raffoul - "Stay (With Me)" (Music Video ...
"Drowning Fatality". Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate. 20 May 1916. The Canberra Times. 8 February 1940. p. 5. Missing ... Various press reports document drownings and unexplained deaths of young men and boys, and at least 300 patients who died ...
Drowning Girl is another notable work with Brad as the heroic subject. The source of this image was a comic book panel with the ... "Drowning Girl". Retrieved June 19, 2013. Rahn, Katie. "Lichtenstein FAQs, Part Two". Art Institute ... featuring Drowning Girl, Portrait of Madame Cézanne and other works from 1962 and 1963. When discussing another work (I Know... ...
Austin drowned in 1887 while rowing along the coast to La Poile Bay to reach the newly erected light tower on Ireland Island. ... Edward drowned with Nathaniel Snow (assistant lighthouse keeper) after they fell through ice near Salvage Rock on their way to ... "Drowning Accident". Twillingate Sun and Northern Weekly Advertiser. Twillingate, NL. 18 Jun 1887. Retrieved 19 Mar 2017. ... with rapid response in attempted rescue in London of two drowning nurses, whose canoe had overturned. Charles became the ...
"Drowning," Calyx. Summer 1998. Anthologized: Babylan, Aunt Lute Books, Spring 2000. "Her Wild American Self," Calyx, December ...
Drowning victimes • Severely decomposed bodies • Skeletonised remains Multiple identifications/ mass disasters: • Mass fatality ...
"Accidental drowning". Auckland Star. 16 June 1936. p. 18. Retrieved 24 April 2016. "Many mourners". The Evening Post. 17 June ... He was survived by his wife and children, his son Norman Murdoch McLeod having drowned while duck-shooting at Kahutara in 1936 ...
Kenny, Glenn (May 9, 2017). "Review: A Psychologist Is Put in the Hot Seat in 'The Drowning'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362- ... "The Drowning". Electric Entertainment. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2017. McNary, Dave ... In 2017, he starred in the psychological thriller The Drowning (previously, Border Crossing), directed by Bette Gordon, with ... who was rescued from drowning by the man (Charles) who aided his conviction for murder 12 years earlier. Jogia starred in the ...
"Drowning (single)". Apple Music. September 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2021. "Real (single)". Apple Music. November 2019. ...
"Drowning and Water Safety". Water & Leisure Safety. The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents. Retrieved 2 February ... "Turn Around Don't Drown®". Retrieved 2019-07-23. Staff. "Vision and Mission". About us. Wellington, New ... "Drowning". WHO. Retrieved 2019-08-21. Water safety signs and beach safety flags, BSI British Standards, doi:10.3403/30135210 " ... Education and training in water safety is intended to help prevent and raise awareness of accidental drownings and other water ...
Drowning Light. New York: Soncino Press,1992. Flourish. New York: Soncino Press, 2004. The Name Poems. New York: Sisyphus Press ... Drowning Light. Soncino. 1992-01-01. Flourish: Sonnets. Soncino Books. 2004-01-01. Wright, Jeffrey Cyphers (2009-01-01). ...
"Drowning Pool". Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2017. "Drowning Pool's 'Sinner' Album To Be ... Harris, Craig (2002-08-03). "Drowning Pool , Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved June 27, 2014. "Drowning Pool - Chart ... Nu metal bands such as Disturbed and Drowning Pool moved to a hard rock or standard heavy metal sound. Slipknot also departed ... The nu metal song "Bodies" by Drowning Pool is about moshing. The Michigan Daily wrote about Limp Bizkit's lyrics, writing that ...
Near Drowning. General Practitioner 2, 8-9, 1994 Gorman DF, Drewry A, Mitchell SJ. A progress report on diving medicine studies ... Near Drowning. Patient Management January, 11 - 13, 1993 Mitchell SJ, Gorman DF. Diving Accidents. General Practitioner 1, 8 - ...
The album features 15 songs by the group, as well as a new song, "Drowning". "Drowning" was the album's only single, peaking at ... "AllMusic: Drowning". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Strauss, Neil (August 18, 2002 ...
The method employed to kill was mainly by mass drowning resulting in estimated deaths of 50,000 Armenians. The city was also an ... The Trebizond trials reported Armenians having been drowned in the Black Sea. (Takvimi Vekdyi, No. 3616, August 6, 1919, p. 2 ... and drowning. Oscar S. Heizer, the American consul at Trebizond, reports: "This plan did not suit Nail Bey…. Many of the ...
Drowning Feared. No News of Reid and Mustin, Who Left Cape May Point in Hydro-aeroplane". New York Times. October 12, 1912. ...
Harries, Mark (2006-12-06). "Near drowning". ABC of Resuscitation. BMJ Books. 327 (7427): 1336-1338. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7427. ...
Fatal drowning happens when the drowning results in death.. Nonfatal drowning happens when a person survives a drowning ... The highest risk locations for drowning vary by age. Two thirds of infants under 1 year old drown in bathtubs.2 Most drownings ... Children ages 1-4 have the highest drowning rates. Most drownings in children 1-4 happen in swimming pools.2 Drowning can ... 3,960* fatal unintentional drownings, including boating-related drowning-that is an average of 11 drowning deaths per day. ...
Dry drowning: Drowning in which no water enters the lungs. Near drowning: Drowning which is not fatal. Wet drowning: Drowning ... drowning may be classified into three different types: drowning with death, drowning with ongoing health problems, and drowning ... Silent drowning: Drowning without a noticeable external display of distress. Dry drowning is a term that has never had an ... Non-fatal drownings have been estimated as two to four times more frequent than fatal drownings. In 2013, drowning was ...
The circumstances of drowning identified in this report highlight ways to prevent drowning deaths. Drowning in Louisiana ... Drowning is the third leading cause of death from unintentional injuries in Louisiana. In 1998, the fatality rate from drowning ... The median age of drowned persons was 32 years (range: 10 months--94 years). The highest drowning rate was among persons aged ... Childhood drowning and near---drowning in the United States. Am J Dis Child 1990;144:663--9. ...
Drowning Pool is an American rock band formed in Dallas, Texas in 1996. The band was named after the 1975 film The Drowning ... "Drowning Pool Announce Tour With Saliva". Komodo Rock. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. "Drowning Pool in ... "Drowning Pool". Allmusic. "Drowning Pool - gig review". Metal and Beyond. March 21, 2012. Archived from the original on January ... After recording a demo, Drowning Pool hooked up with Sevendust which got Drowning Pool in touch with Hed PE and Kittie. After ...
Learn more about drowning and how to stay safe in the water. ... Did you know a person can drown in a puddle of water? ... People drown when they get too much water in their lungs. You can drown in as little as an inch or two of water. Babies can ... Pool Dangers and Drowning Prevention -- When Its Not Swimming Time (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in Spanish ... Drowning Prevention for Curious Toddlers: What Parents Need to Know (American Academy of Pediatrics) ...
Drowning is one of the most common dangers when youre in the water. It happens when you get water in your lungs. Its serious ... What does drowning look like?. Unlike what you may have seen on TV or in the movies, people who are drowning often dont splash ... Instead, drowning can be a quiet, quick process. Once a person is in danger, he or she can drown in less than a minute. ... Children under 1 year old most often drown in a bathtub, a bucket, or the toilet. Children between 1-5 years old usually drown ...
Experts consider some individuals who drown as victims of dry drowning. In these cases, the fatal cerebral hypoxia, or oxygen ... Investigators need to answer several questions in apparent drowning cases. For instance, did the person drown, or did ... Generally, a drowning victim will reach the bottom of a body of water in spite of the depth, unless it meets some obstruction ... Victims who drown in lakes will sink to the bottom in the area below the point of submergence; authorities usually will locate ...
"In it, drowning was defined as a process rather than an event: Drowning is a process resulting in primary respiratory ... Drowning is the leading cause of accidental death in Europe in young males. It occurs most commonly during the warmer summer ... Most occur in low- and middle-income countries, but in 2006 there were 312 accidental deaths from drowning in the UK and 3582 ... Many definitions and sub-definitions of drowning exist which have resulted in confusion and inability to compare studies on ...
... Dead sea turtles and oil-covered fish are among the first casualties washed ashore from the Deepwater Horizon ...
Stop In-Home Drowning Deaths. Children can drown quickly and silently in containers of water inside the home as well as in ... How to Plan for the Unexpected: Prevent Child Drownings (pdf). This booklet discusses how to reduce risks of child drowning ... Prevent Child In-Home Drowning Deaths (pdf). CPSC warns consumers about hidden drowning hazards for small children in and ... Provides guidelines for barriers intended to prevent drowning deaths and near-drowning deaths of children in home pools, spas ...
Windsor teen drowns in lake after canoe overturns By Kieran Nicholson. PUBLISHED: May 8, 2020 at 6:16 p.m.. , UPDATED: May 8, ... Colorado ranger drowned in Horsetooth Reservoir after strong winds, sheriff says By The Associated Press ... Angler drowns after boat overturns in the Colorado River By The Associated Press ... Colorado father and son drown while rafting Arkansas River on Fathers Day By Shelly Bradbury ...
You are being redirected to the Safe and Active Communities Branch - Drowning Prevention page. You will be redirected within 2 ...
AP) - Child welfare officials are scrutinizing the case of a woman accused of drowning one of her sons and critically injuring ... AP) - Child welfare officials are scrutinizing the case of a woman accused of drowning one of her sons and critically injuring ... Schlemmers attorney, Michael Machen, did not immediately return a call for comment on charges she tried to drown both boys ... But the state is also reviewing whether the county agency might have prevented the drowning. ...
Near drowning means a person almost died from not being able to breathe (suffocating) under water. ... Thousands of people drown in the United States each year. Most drownings occur within a short distance of safety. Immediate ... Always use caution when moving a person who is drowning. Neck injuries are uncommon in people who survive near drowning unless ... A person who is drowning usually cant shout for help. Be alert for signs of drowning. ...
Drowning Mr. M. He knows he is suffocating at the bottom of the pool, but he doesnt feel like swimming right now ... Im drowning, he realizes, strangely unperturbed. He knows that a few strong kicks would bring him back to the surface. But he ...
Drowning Pool rose to fame on the back of success on last years Ozzfest. They began the tour opening on the third stage and ... Drowning Pool had been on tour with Ozzfest when tragedy struck. The rolling hard rock revue had been in Noblesville, Indiana ... DAVE WILLIAMS, the lead singer of US rock outfit DROWNING POOL, was found dead on the bands tour bus yesterday (August 14). He ...
Drowned in Sound, sometimes abbreviated to DiS, is a UK-based music webzine financed by artist management company Silentway. ... "Online Music Magazine Drowned in Sound to Shut Down". Pitchfork.. *^ "Drowned in Sound teams up with", Music Week ... "Drowned In Sound Lay Off All Staff". Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 30 August ... DiS began as an email fanzine in 1998 called The Last Resort but was relaunched by founder and editor Sean Adams as Drowned ...
Cite this: FDA Drowning in Orphan Drug Applications - Medscape - Oct 19, 2016. ...
There are a number of causes of drowning leading to disruption of the respiratory system and preventing the distribution of ... Dry drowning is not a medically accepted term for diagnosing drowning. In reality, drowning is a process with varying severity ... Dry Drowning. Dry drowning, sometimes called secondary drowning, is not a medically accepted diagnosis and is a controversial ... Passive drowning. *Saltwater or freshwater drowning (there were once distinctions between drowning in different types of water ...
Here are some tips for preventing drowning when your children go for a swim. ... Drowning is leading cause of unintentional injury and death in children ages 0-14 in Massachusetts. ... When a child is drowning, its often silent and happens very quickly. Children dont splash or yell for help when drowning, ... Its also important to follow these tips to prevent drowning:. *Make sure your child learns how to swim. If your child knows ...
Lyrics to Mask by Drowning Pool: To keep me side and strong, to make the horror strong. To wear a mask / To have a mask / To ...
Drowning remains a significant public health concern, as it is a major cause of disability and death, particularly in children ... Drowning, near-drowning, and ice-water submersions. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1987 Feb. 34(1):75-92. [Medline]. ... Drowning and near drowning in rivers. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2017 Sep. 13 (3):396. [Medline]. ... Pediatric near-drowning and drowning. Saudi Med J. 2013 Feb. 34(2):119-22. [Medline]. ...
THE Earth is awash with an excess of nitrogen, claim American ecologists. Human activity has doubled the amount of fixed nitrogen circulating in the plan
Drowning can happen very quickly and in less than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) of water. So filled bathtubs, swimming pools, wading ... These kinds of toys can make it hard to swim and lead to drowning. ... and tubes can give a false sense of security in the pool and arent effective protection from drowning. Never use these as a ...
Drowning, near-drowning, and ice-water submersions. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1987 Feb. 34(1):75-92. [Medline]. ... Drowning and near drowning in rivers. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2017 Sep. 13 (3):396. [Medline]. ... Pediatric near-drowning and drowning. Saudi Med J. 2013 Feb. 34(2):119-22. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (What are important historical factors of drowning?) and What are important historical factors of drowning ...
Coronavirus: The mysterious drowning that kills… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... When coronavirus kills, its like death by drowning - and doctors disagree on best treatment By Lisa M. Krieger , [email protected] ... When coronavirus kills, its like death by drowning - and doctors disagree on best treatment Patients struggle to breathe, but ... During the immune overreaction, called a "cytokine storm," the alveoli drown in a gummy yellow fluid. ...
... we hear news stories about kids drowning days after being in the pool. What, exactly, is dry or delayed drowning? ... How Does Delayed Drowning Happen?. Although its rare, people can drown hours or days after being out of the water. ... How Does Delayed Drowning Happen?. Although its rare, people can drown hours or days after being out of the water. ... In essence, instead of the person drowning in a lake or backyard pool, the individual drowns from their own bodily fluids. ...
Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2006, fatal drowning claimed the lives of approximately ... Classification of Drowning. The World Congress on Drowning and the World Health Organization have revised the definition of ... to 4-year-olds and may actually provide a reduction in drowning risk in this age group. Drowning victims were less likely than ... drowning claimed the lives of approximately 1100 US children. Fortunately, childhood unintentional drowning fatality rates have ...
With such criticism it is small wonder that Mud and Drowning, and the downright nauseating "deconstruction" that the Belgian ... That honor goes more properly to Drowning, the second item on the Fornes double bill, with which the Signature Theatre Company ... Drowning is very short, totally nonsensical, and certifiably affectless. Three men speak to each other with random opacity, ... and Peter Marks in his Times review calls Drowning a "lovely, enigmatic" play about "tuskless walruses that have evolved into ...
Unless a programmer makes a special effort to test for overflow conditions, these flaws become part of the application. The deadline pressure to get code out the door exacerbates the problem: instead of developers or testers addressing the issue, flaws turn up on the computers of millions of users. How widespread is this overflow problem? Are some software vendors worst offenders than others? You might expect so, since different companies use different programming standards in creating their applications. And is the problem getting better or worse? A look at IT security company Secunias database of advisories can provide an estimate on the status of the overflow problem. Selection criteria for this article included vulnerabilities that are serious, remotely exploitable and damaging (permitting denial of service, exposure of sensitive information or system information, system hijacking, ID spoofing, manipulation of data, privilege escalation, security bypass or system access). Its immediately ...
  • You are being redirected to the Safe and Active Communities Branch - Drowning Prevention page . (
  • Many health organisations, disease control and prevention centers, care providers and aquatics institutes strongly discourage the use of modifiers to categorize drowning cases. (
  • Prevention is the best measure in avoiding all nonfatal and fatal cases of drowning. (
  • If prevention methods should fail and the drowning process begins, the most important course of action is to reverse cerebral hypoxia by providing oxygen to the brain. (
  • Prevention is the most important course of action in all cases of nonfatal and fatal drowning, with methods including supervision, swimming lessons, provision of floatation equipment, as well as consistent and accurate use and distribution of terminology relating to water safety and drowning. (
  • Available at . (
  • A new definition of drowning: towards documentation and prevention of a global public health problem. (
  • Rahman A, Shafinaz S, Linnan M, Rahman F. Community perception of childhood drowning and its prevention measures in rural Bangladesh: a qualitative study. (
  • As educators and advocates, pediatricians can play an important role in the prevention of drowning. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also does not differentiate between secondary or primary drowning. (
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), drowning is the second-most common cause of death for kids 1 to 4, only behind congenital defects. (
  • 13 years and that none of the victims of boating-related drowning were correctly wearing a personal flotation device (PFD). (
  • According to the CDC, the most common victims of drowning are children under 5 years old and people between 15-24 years old. (
  • Experts consider some individuals who drown as victims of dry drowning. (
  • An incident of drowning can also cause further complications for victims due to low body temperature, aspiration of vomit, or acute respiratory distress syndrome (respiratory failure from lung inflammation). (
  • 1 Most victims of nonfatal drowning do well, but severe long-term neurologic deficits are seen with extended submersion times, prolonged resuscitation efforts, and lack of early bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (
  • Alcohol use is common among older drowning victims. (
  • Because respiratory arrest is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in drowning victims, the traditional A-B-C approach should be used for drowning victims instead of the AHA's new C-A-B approach. (
  • Drowning victims are at high risk for hypothermia and efforts to prevent heat loss should be taken. (
  • Moreover, for every child who dies from drowning, another five young victims are sent to emergency rooms, the CDC added. (
  • Of the 863 Great Lakes drownings and near drownings in the last decade, 2017 saw the most victims, at 117, the organization said. (
  • Untrained swimmers are advised not to go into water to make a rescue, as would-be rescuers often find themselves drowning victims instead, Instead, you should throw a floatation device to the drowning individual. (
  • The victims drowned while trying to flee explosions at an army weapons depot. (
  • Many victims apparently did not realize how deep the water was and drowned after they ran or drove vehicles into the Oke Afa drainage canal, witnesses said. (
  • Very few of Utah's young accidental drowning victims are "unsupervised," according to Janet Brooks, child advocacy manager for Primary Children's Medical Center. (
  • And, because of her, Utah doctors are better able to help save the lives of other near-drowning victims, according to Dr. Dean Shelton, assistant director of the emergency center at American Fork Hospital. (
  • American Fork Hospital averages three to four drowning victims per year. (
  • 3,960 * fatal unintentional drownings, including boating-related drowning-that is an average of 11 drowning deaths per day. (
  • Among deaths that occurred in a swimming pool, pool fencing was described as present or absent, and PFD use was recorded for investigative reports of boating-related drowning. (
  • Twelve (9%) drowning deaths were work-related. (
  • The circumstances of drowning identified in this report highlight ways to prevent drowning deaths. (
  • Approximately 30% of the deaths during 1998 were associated with boating, which is proportionately more than in the entire United States, where boating accounts for 20% of drowning ( 1 ). (
  • Drowning represents the fourth leading cause of accidental death in the United States, with between 4,000 and 5,000 incidents occurring annually.1 This number alone indicates that many police officers, in the marine environment and otherwise, will routinely investigate drowning deaths. (
  • Experiments conducted in the late 1940s and early 1950s suggested that many drowning deaths resulted from electrolyte disturbances or cardiac arrhythmia produced by high volumes of water entering the circulatory system through the lungs. (
  • Worldwide, there are approximately 450,000 deaths each year from drowning. (
  • Most occur in low- and middle-income countries, but in 2006 there were 312 accidental deaths from drowning in the UK and 3582 in the USA, an annual incidence of 0.56 and 1.2 per 100,000 population respectively. (
  • Provides guidelines for barriers intended to prevent drowning deaths and near-drowning deaths of children in home pools, spas and hot tubs. (
  • This booklet discusses how to reduce risks of child drowning deaths in residential swimming pools. (
  • Although a relatively rare occurrence compared to "wet drowning" - which causes roughly 10 deaths each day in the U.S. - instances of secondary or "delayed" drowning, occurring hours or even days after being in water, have been on the rise as doctors have become better at identifying it. (
  • In the U.S., unintentional drowning ranks as the fifth leading cause of unintentional injury death and accounted for an average of 3,558 deaths (non-boating related) annually between 2007 and 2016. (
  • USA Swimming and the Pool Safely campaign just today released numbers of drowning deaths in pools and spas in the United States. (
  • But they do not track deaths from secondary drowning. (
  • Drowning is the number one cause of deaths among children under the age of 5, according to Pepe. (
  • Meanwhile, Kazakhstan's military prosecutor has opened an investigation into the deaths of the soldiers, who all drowned when four BTR-80 armored personnel carriers sank in rough waters during the attempted amphibious landing. (
  • Each year, there are approximately 360,000 deaths linked to drowning worldwide, with children being the most at risk. (
  • The authors identified 88 drowning deaths among patients with epilepsy whereas 4.70 would have been expected, resulting in a standardized mortality ratio of 18.7. (
  • Drowning constituted 5% of all deaths in the cohorts. (
  • A separate analysis of national registries identified 22 epilepsy patients who drowned, constituting 11.7% of all deaths by drowning in the general population. (
  • People drown when they get too much water in their lungs. (
  • This continues until they have to breathe, thereby involuntarily inhaling a large volume of water, which either enters the lungs (in most instances) or reaches the larynx-producing the laryngeal spasm that results in dry drowning. (
  • Historically, the term 'dry drowning' was used to describe cases in which the deceased found in the water had no water in the lungs at autopsy. (
  • This week's surge in demand for California's intensive care unit beds - from 1,259 to 1,539 - is caused by an illness that resembles drowning when the lungs are too full of fluid to breathe. (
  • The combination of lack of oxygen and too much carbon dioxide can eventually cause the person to become unconscious , which relaxes the laryngospasm and allows water to enter the lungs in what we call wet drowning . (
  • Healthy patients who have been rescued from drowning and have no respiratory symptoms, clear lungs and normal mental status may not need any further care. (
  • You can be a very conscientious mother - it takes only a blink of an eye to get water in the lungs to cause drowning," Pepe said. (
  • In secondary drowning, the pool water can damage or "wash out" the surfactant or lining of the lungs, said Pepe. (
  • It differs to typical drowning, whereby water gets into the lungs, however, can still be life-threatening. (
  • Once they learned that drowning results from a lack of oxygen, not the volume of water in the lungs, the single term "drowning" replaced wet or dry drowning. (
  • Black children and youth are more likely to drown in public pools, and white children and youth are more likely to drown in residential pools. (
  • Preschoolers are most likely to drown in a swimming pool. (
  • And you're more likely to drown if you're black. (
  • The youngest children are more likely to drown in a friend's or their family's pool. (
  • Children older than five years old are most likely to drown in rivers and lakes, but this varies from one area of the country to another. (
  • Most drownings in children 1-4 happen in swimming pools. (
  • In swimming pools, Black children ages 10-14 years drown at rates 7.6 times higher than White children. (
  • Common drowning locations include natural and man-made bodies of water, bathtubs, swimming pools, and even buckets and toilets. (
  • Pediatric drowning often occurs in home swimming pools, bathtubs, or buckets. (
  • Drowning can happen very quickly and in less than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) of water, so filled bathtubs, swimming pools, wading pools, hot tubs, and even buckets of water and sinks can be dangerous. (
  • Toddlers between one and four years most commonly drown in swimming pools . (
  • For comparison, there were 97 in 2019, according to the GLSRP, which combines drownings and near-drownings into a single category. (
  • World Health Organization Global Report on Drowning. (
  • The World Congress on Drowning and the World Health Organization have revised the definition of drowning to be "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid. (
  • Drowning is defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in a liquid" by the World Health Organization. (
  • The World Health Organization defines drowning as experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid. (
  • 7,27-29 Drowning can occur when lifeguards are present. (
  • 2 More than half of fatal and nonfatal drownings among people 15 years and older occur in natural waters like lakes, rivers, or oceans. (
  • In near-drowning cases, physicians have not observed the electrolyte changes previously thought to occur. (
  • Contrary to popular perception, nearly half of drowning cases occur in inland waterways. (
  • Most drownings occur within a short distance of safety. (
  • Most drownings in children younger than one year occur in the bathtub. (
  • Most instances of fatal drowning occur alone or in situations where others present are either unaware of the victim's situation or unable to offer assistance. (
  • Death can occur due to complications following an initial drowning. (
  • Two-thirds of all drownings occur in the summer months and most occur in residential pools, not at the beach. (
  • In some instances, there is another condition called secondary drowning, which can occur even hours after swimming or being submerged in water. (
  • Dry drowning can occur many hours after a person inhales water from a swimming pool or other body of water. (
  • This is the second known drowning to occur on the lake in less than 24 hours. (
  • Drowning events are most likely to occur while a child is in the water, so it's important for parents to learn the signs of drowning so they can keep their kids safe this summer . (
  • Knowing the signs and symptoms of drowning-and what to do if they occur-can mean the difference between life and death for kids who initially appear well after a brief struggle in the water. (
  • Most infant drownings occur in bathtubs and buckets. (
  • Most drownings involving young children occur in residential settings while under the supervision of an adult. (
  • Non swimming-related drownings often occur in children under the age of one in bathtubs, buckets, or toilets. (
  • Pepe was part of a decade-long study of drowning in Houston and Florida in the 1990s, and was chairman of the Resuscitation Task Force for the World Congress for Drowning in 2002. (
  • Here are some tips for preventing drowning when your children go for a swim. (
  • A major contributor to drowning is the inability to swim. (
  • Inability to swim can lead to drowning. (
  • These kinds of toys can make it hard to swim and lead to drowning. (
  • The most likely conclusion is that Ray tried to swim across the river and drowned before making it to the other side," Sheriff Les Weidman said in a news release. (
  • Older kids tend to drown in bodies of water like lakes, often because they think they can swim better than they can and they do not make it back to shore, Brooks said. (
  • Experts suggest teaching your children to swim, however swimming lessons alone will not prevent a drowning. (
  • Even a child who knows how to swim may drown a few feet from safety. (
  • There were six Great Lakes drownings and near-drownings, bringing the 2020 total to 25. (
  • Drowning is the leading cause of accidental death in Europe in young males. (
  • The current analysis extends and updates the findings of the June 2015 MSMR article by summarizing counts, rates, and correlates of risk of medical encounters related to accidental drownings among U.S. military members during 2013-2017. (
  • A Lake County coroner's jury ruled Thursday that alcohol contributed to the accidental death last year of a 21-year-old Lake Villa man who fell off his snowmobile and drowned after startling a flock of geese on a partially frozen lake. (
  • The coroner's office believes it was an accidental drowning, but toxicology reports are pending. (
  • Sadly, during this week last year (May 27 - June 5 2016) there were five accidental drownings in Virginia. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has decided to revise this policy statement because of new information and research regarding (1) the World Health Organization's classification of drowning, (2) drain-entrapment and hair-entanglement injuries, (3) dangers of inflatable and portable pools, and (4) the possible benefit of swimming lessons for young children. (
  • To lower the risk of drowning and other water-related injuries to children, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the following. (
  • Drowning is the single leading cause of injury-related death among children ages 1 to 4, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. (
  • For every child who dies from drowning, another eight receive emergency department care for non-fatal drowning. (
  • Not all drownings are fatal. (
  • Fatal drowning happens when the drowning results in death. (
  • People with seizure disorders such as epilepsy are at a higher risk of fatal and nonfatal drowning than the general population. (
  • CPSC's latest data shows that there are, on average, 379 reported pool-or-spa related fatal drownings involving children younger than 15 years old each year. (
  • Cases where the victim is rescued and the drowning process is interrupted are referred to as nonfatal drowning, while terminal cases are termed fatal drowning. (
  • Cases of fatal drowning are caused by a number of complications stemming from aspiration of water including hypoxemia, apnea, and cardiac arrest. (
  • While the word "drowning" is commonly associated with fatal results, drowning may be classified into three different types: drowning with death, drowning with ongoing health problems, and drowning with no ongoing health problems. (
  • Alcohol is involved in approximately 50% of fatal drownings, and 35% of non-fatal drownings. (
  • In 2006, fatal drowning claimed the lives of approximately 1100 US children younger than 20 years. (
  • Drowning has three outcomes: non-fatal, non-fatal with injury, and fatal, according to WHO. (
  • About an hour later, Ronin started to cough and became lethargic, and by the time Kujawa got him to the emergency room, the toddler was diagnosed with a little known, but potentially fatal condition -- sometimes called secondary drowning. (
  • Drowning can take a variety of forms, and even if it occurs for a short period of time, it can be potentially fatal. (
  • Drowning is the most common cause of unintentional injury death, with the bathtub being the most common site of drowning for people with seizure disorders. (
  • Babies can drown in a sink or bathtub. (
  • Children under 1 year old most often drown in a bathtub, a bucket, or the toilet. (
  • AP) - Child welfare officials are scrutinizing the case of a woman accused of drowning one of her sons and critically injuring the other by sitting on them in a bathtub, including whether child protection agencies could have prevented the death. (
  • The two young girls whose mother is charged with trying to drown them in the bathtub of their home are out of the hospital and showing signs of recovery. (
  • Two thirds of infants under 1 year old drown in bathtubs. (
  • Many behavioral and physical factors are related to drowning: Drowning is the most common cause of death for persons with seizure disorders, largely in bathtubs. (
  • In Saving Fish from Drowning (2005), an idiosyncratic San Francisco art dealer narrates the story of a group of tourists traveling through China and Myanmar (Burma). (
  • Some people have a higher risk of drowning. (
  • Nearly 80% of people who die from drowning are male. (
  • Drowning death rates for American Indian or Alaska Native people ages 29 and younger are 2 times higher than the rates for White people, with the highest disparities among those ages 25-29 (rates 3.5 times higher). (
  • 9,10 Drowning death rates for Black people are 1.5 times higher than the rates for White people. (
  • 11 In natural water, American Indian or Alaska Native people have the highest drowning death rates, with rates 2.7 times higher than White people. (
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), approximately 10 people die from unintentional drowning (meaning drowning not related to a boat) every day in the U.S. An additional 300 people drown every year in boating-related incidents. (
  • People between 15-24 often drown in natural bodies of water, such as lakes and rivers. (
  • Unlike what you may have seen on TV or in the movies, people who are drowning often don't splash around and yell for help. (
  • Drowning refers to death due to submersion in a liquid-as shallow as 6 inches in cases involving infants, the elderly, people afflicted with epilepsy, or individuals under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. (
  • Even people near or in the pool have reported hearing nothing out of the ordinary during drowning incidents. (
  • Thousands of people drown in the United States each year. (
  • Neck injuries are uncommon in people who survive near drowning unless they have been struck in the head or show other signs of injury, such as bleeding and cuts. (
  • A global report by the World Health Organisation stated that drowning claims the lives of 372,000 people worldwide every year. (
  • People have drowned in as little as 30 mm of water while lying face down. (
  • People who are inebriated or otherwise intoxicated can drown in puddles. (
  • Although it's rare, people can drown hours or days after being out of the water. (
  • By interviewing survivors, the team learned that many people perished from a phenomenon called "electric shock drowning. (
  • More than 50 percent of all people admitted to emergency rooms for near-drowning accidents need to be hospitalized for further care, including for brain damage that can result in long-term disabilities, ranging from memory problems or learning disabilities to permanent loss of basic functions. (
  • In case you notice someone drowning, Benjamin advises people to make sure someone is calling 911. (
  • When people drown , they die. (
  • Today, some people occasionally use "dry drowning" to describe cases in which liquid makes the voice box spasm and shut, reducing breathing and other vital functions. (
  • Ultimately, people who drown die from a lack of oxygen. (
  • A crowd of hands reaching desperately to the sky, like those of people drowning. (
  • Two other people drowned there from a similar accident a few years earlier, in 2009. (
  • Electric Shock Drowning (ESD) severely injures and kills people every year. (
  • Explain to patients that the study confirms previous research showing an increased risk of drowning in people with epilepsy. (
  • Despite the high relative risk of drowning in people with epilepsy, the authors noted that drowning occurred infrequently. (
  • People have used the terms "dry drowning" or "secondary drowning" to describe when someone, typically a child, drowns in the hours or days after swimming, but doctors say these terms are inaccurate. (
  • Indeed, each day in the U.S., 10 people unintentionally drown, two of whom are children. (
  • Each year, more than 8,000 people drown in the United States out of an estimated 80,000 near-drowning incidents. (
  • Children have drowned in baths, buckets, and toilets. (
  • Drowning can happen quickly and silently. (
  • Children can drown quickly and silently in containers of water inside the home as well as in outdoor pools. (
  • Drowning is most common among toddlers and teenage boys. (
  • Drownings involving toddlers usually involve lack of supervision, inadequate barriers and child abuse. (
  • Drowning is a leading cause of death among children, including infants and toddlers. (
  • Toddlers, youngsters with an intellectual disability, and children with seizure disorders are particularly vulnerable to drowning, but all youngsters are in danger if unsupervised in or near water. (
  • Children do not struggle in water and often drown without making a sound. (
  • The researchers stated they were "able to execute the DROWN attack against OpenSSL versions that are vulnerable to CVE-2016-0703 in under a minute using a single PC. (
  • DROWN has been assigned CVE-2016-0800 , and in the latest update to OpenSSL, the SSLv2 protocol is being disabled by default, and SSLv2 EXPORT ciphers are being removed to protect against a DROWN attack. (
  • In 1998, the fatality rate from drowning for Louisiana residents was 3.1 per 100,000 population, higher than the U.S. rate of 1.9 per 100,000, and more than twice the 2000 national target of 1.3 per 100,000 population. (
  • DiS began as an email fanzine in 1998 called 'The Last Resort' but was relaunched by founder and editor Sean Adams as Drowned in Sound in 2000. (
  • From 2000 to 2006, drowning was the second leading cause of unintentional injury death among US children between 1 and 19 years of age. (
  • For comparison, the authors calculated the standardized mortality ratio for drowning in England and Wales during 1999 and 2000, derived from government databases. (
  • More than 40% of drownings treated in emergency departments require hospitalization or transfer for further care (compared with 8% for all unintentional injuries). (
  • Drowning injuries can cause brain damage and other serious outcomes, including long-term disability. (
  • Nonfatal drowning happens when a person survives a drowning incident with a range of outcomes, from no injuries to very serious injuries or permanent disability. (
  • Drowning is the third leading cause of death from unintentional injuries in Louisiana. (
  • The new definition and classification are more consistent with other medical conditions and injuries and should help in drowning surveillance and collection of more reliable and comprehensive epidemiologic information. (
  • Brooks said drownings fall into two categories: "Those who don't make it, and those who sustain life-altering injuries. (
  • Decades ago, the medical community largely abandoned the term, after doctors developed a better understanding of breathing capacity and drowning injuries. (
  • Long-term effects of drowning-related injuries may include brain damage that can lead to memory problems and permanent loss of basic functioning. (
  • Despite these consequences, drowning and swimming-related injuries are often preventable. (
  • Barriers such as pool fencing have been shown to prevent drowning and swimming related injuries. (
  • An autopsy on Wednesday determined that Boyd Anderson High School cross country runner Corey McKenzie drowned in the Davie lake where his body was found, investigators said. (
  • Andrew's heart beat irregularly while he was swimming, and the boy lost consciousness and drowned, the autopsy report said. (
  • An autopsy conducted Monday found he suffered a heart attack and drowned, said Dr. Michael Bell, chief medical examiner for Palm Beach County. (
  • 7,23-25 A four-sided isolation fence which separates the pool area from the house and yard reduces a child's risk of drowning by 83% compared to three-sided property-line fencing (which encloses the entire yard, but does not separate the pool from the house). (
  • Children between 1-5 years old usually drown in a swimming pool or hot tub. (
  • Drowning in a swimming pool is relatively rare (Figure 2). (
  • CPSC's website provides information about the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act and how to prevent drownings and entrapments. (
  • DAVE WILLIAMS, the lead singer of US rock outfit DROWNING POOL, was found dead on the band's tour bus yesterday (August 14). (
  • Drowning Pool had been on tour with Ozzfest when tragedy struck. (
  • Drowning Pool rose to fame on the back of success on last year's Ozzfest. (
  • Pool fencing for preventing drowning in children. (
  • Inflatable flotation devices such as vests, water wings, rafts, and tubes can give a false sense of security in the pool and aren't effective protection from drowning. (
  • In essence, instead of the person drowning in a lake or backyard pool, the individual drowns from their own bodily fluids. (
  • Drowning Pool is an American rock band formed in Dallas, Texas in 1996. (
  • The band was named after the 1975 film The Drowning Pool. (
  • Ryan McCombs of Chicago-based band SOiL, later replaced Jones and released two albums, Full Circle (2007) and Drowning Pool (2010), making it the first time Drowning Pool had not switched singers after just one album. (
  • Drowning Pool formed in Dallas, Texas in 1996. (
  • Guitarist C.J. Pierce and drummer Mike Luce formed Drowning Pool after relocating from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Dallas. (
  • After recording a demo, Drowning Pool hooked up with Sevendust which got Drowning Pool in touch with Hed PE and Kittie. (
  • After touring with these bands, Drowning Pool got their demos enough radio play to get signed by Wind-up Records. (
  • Drowning Pool rose to fame with their debut album and played at the Ozzfest in 2001. (
  • The band initially wanted McCombs to join Drowning Pool as the replacement of Dave Williams, nearly two years prior. (
  • Olympic skier Bode Miller and his wife, Morgan Beck, a former UC Berkeley volleyball player, are mourning the death of their 19-month-old daughter Emeline Grier after the little girl fell into a neighbor's pool during a party over the weekend and drowned. (
  • Toddler drownings can be prevented with adult supervision and the use of pool "safety barriers. (
  • A boy drowned to death in the pool which lies in the basement of the school. (
  • The coroner's report says the fourth grader apparently had used cocaine, causing him to lose consciousness and drown in a Y.M.C.A. swimming pool on April 16, The Chicago Tribune reported today. (
  • Daina Buchner saw a baby possum drowning in her swimming pool and goes in the water with a red bucket to save it. (
  • TAMPA - A 49-year-old man is accused of drowning his pet rabbit in a hotel swimming pool near Tampa. (
  • WSAZ) You know to watch your children while they're swimming, but what you may not know is that there is still a risk for drowning even after they've left the pool. (
  • The arrival of summer means fun in the sun and lots of pool time - but it also means an influx of news reports about kids drowning. (
  • Investigators check the measurements of a pool at Laurel Avenue in East Islip , after police say a toddler drowned. (
  • An East Islip toddler drowned after getting into the family's backyard pool Wednesday, Suffolk police said. (
  • The victim cannot move and then drowns. (
  • The victim at Sleeping Bear Dunes was a 19-year-old man who drowned after swimming out to a sandbar 180 feet from the shore, according to the GLSRP. (
  • I kind of wonder now, if there were no drugs in his system, why he would have ended up in the river," said Dennis Ray, brother of the 38-year-old drowning victim. (
  • At American Fork Hospital, when a near-drowning victim is brought in with a body temperature below 82 degrees, he or she is quickly airlifted to a facility with a heart/lung bypass pump, and given treatment similar to that Michelle Funk received, Shelton said. (
  • But, the sophisticated techniques and procedures don't help if a near-drowning victim hasn't received basic lifesaving help at the scene of an accident. (
  • For the second time in a week, officials with the Colorado Department of Parks and Wildlife recovered the body of a drowning victim from the waters of a state reservoir. (
  • ATLANTA (CN) - A 16-year-old boy drowned in his family's hot tub after smoking synthetic marijuana, his parents claim in a lawsuit against the drugmaker and distributor. (
  • JOLIET, Ill. May 29- Despite his family's insistence that it could not be true, a coroner's report says a 10-year-old boy drowned because he had used cocaine. (
  • This week alone, a 4-year-old Spencerport boy died on Tuesday in the Adirondacks, in a presumed drowning in a pond next to his family's campsite. (
  • Drowning is a leading cause of death for children. (
  • More children ages 1-4 die from drowning than any other cause of death except birth defects. (
  • For children ages 1-14 , drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death after motor vehicle crashes. (
  • While children are at highest risk, anyone can drown. (
  • Children ages 1-4 have the highest drowning rates. (
  • 2 Drowning can happen anytime, including when children are not expected to be near water, such as when they gain unsupervised access to pools. (
  • 17-19 Participation in formal swimming lessons can reduce the risk of drowning among children and young adults. (
  • Drowning can happen quickly and quietly anywhere there is water, especially to unsupervised children. (
  • Young children can drown in as little as 1 inch of water. (
  • Children younger than 5 years old account for about 75 percent of these drownings, more than half of which are attributed to a gap in adult supervision. (
  • Drowning is a largely preventable cause of death and is one of the most common causes of death in children. (
  • Drowning is leading cause of unintentional injury and death in children ages 0-14 in Massachusetts. (
  • Children don't splash or yell for help when drowning, like you'd see on T.V. or in a movie. (
  • Risk factors for drowning include a lack of training or attention to children, alcohol or drug use, epilepsy, and lack of higher education, which is often accompanied by diminished or non-existent swimming skills. (
  • Each year as summer rolls around, accounts of children "drowning" days after being in water begin creeping into the news. (
  • Black and American Indian/Alaska Native children have higher drowning fatality rates than do white and Asian American children. (
  • 1 In 2008, approximately 3800 children younger than 20 years visited a hospital emergency department for a nonfatal drowning event, and more than 60% of those children were hospitalized. (
  • The CPSC says there are almost 400 drownings annually in the United States among children under 15. (
  • Being submerged in water for several seconds can lead to a condition called dry drowning, which is commonly seen in children. (
  • Since children are more commonly affected by dry drowning, it's important to spot the signs of the condition early on. (
  • Children who are dry drowning many manifest signs of odd behavior, such as being combative, irritable, cranky, and argumentative. (
  • Drowning is the second-leading cause of injury death in Utah children under age 15, according to Bonnie Midget, hospital spokeswoman. (
  • For instance, research has shown that about 62 percent of children 14 and under who drowned in 2004 were not wearing life jackets or personal flotation devices. (
  • It is important to know that children can drown in even one inch of water. (
  • In fact, drowning is one of the leading causes of injury and death among children aged 1 to 4 years old in Virginia. (
  • Several factors put young children at high risk for drowning. (
  • Papa L, Hoelle R, Idris A. Systematic review of definitions for drowning incidents. (
  • In response to media reports of "dry drowning," she says that the incidents must have been the result of something else. (
  • Drowning in Louisiana occurred most often in natural bodies of water. (
  • Adolescents are also at risk of drowning in natural bodies of water during sports and recreational activities. (
  • Those who have been rescued from drowning present few symptoms thereafter and usually fully recover within four to eight hours of the incident. (
  • Dry drowning, sometimes called secondary drowning, is not a medically accepted diagnosis and is a controversial term in the medical field, as the symptoms of drowning and dry drowning are the same. (
  • What is dry drowning and what are the symptoms? (
  • This article will discuss the symptoms and causes of dry drowning and explain when to seek medical attention. (
  • She cautions parents to watch their kids while they're swimming, and know the symptoms of real drowning. (
  • Those few will go on to develop delayed symptoms of drowning. (
  • There are many mechanisms that contribute to the respiratory symptoms of drowning. (
  • Delayed symptoms of drowning include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, coughing and/or chest discomfort. (
  • On the other hand, there's no reason to panic if your child does not display symptoms of drowning following a close call in the water. (
  • Remember, delayed onset of drowning symptoms is rare and there's no way to predict who will be affected before symptoms set in. (
  • Drowning is more likely to happen when spending extended periods of time near large bodies of water. (
  • Alcohol plays a part in up to half of all teenage and adult drowning accidents in the United States. (
  • Drownings in other fluids are rare, and often related to industrial accidents. (
  • Epileptics are more likely to die due to accidents such as drowning. (
  • The California Department of Developmental Services currently provides services to 748 survivors of near--drowning accidents who will require lifelong support for their disabilities. (
  • Secondary drowning, like dry drowning, is not a medically accepted term. (
  • All of these have been mistakenly termed as delayed, dry or secondary drowning. (
  • However, in secondary drowning , a small intake of water can cause laryngospasms and choking, but does not completely close the airway. (
  • Again, secondary drowning is a very rare occurrence, but precautions should be taken to prevent death . (
  • Dr. Allan tells WSAZ this is known as "secondary drowning. (
  • There are no medically accepted conditions known as "dry drowning" or "secondary drowning. (
  • Over the last few years, you may have heard reports of "dry drowning" or "secondary drowning" to describe situations where someone inhales water and has a delayed reaction that leads to breathing difficulties and even death. (
  • But according to doctors, "dry drowning" and "secondary drowning" are misnomers - a.k.a. they're not a real thing. (
  • There are no medically accepted conditions known as near-drowning, dry drowning, and secondary drowning," states a report in the journal Emergency Medicine News . (
  • All of these conditions require medical attention and have been confused with "dry drowning" or "secondary drowning. (
  • What about near drowning, dry drowning and secondary drowning? (
  • Define drowning and the terminology used to describe this condition. (
  • Dry drowning is the term used to describe a scenario wherein the vocal cords experience a spasm after the person has been submerged in water, causing difficulty in breathing. (
  • Today, researchers and doctors occasionally use dry drowning to describe cases in which liquid stimulates the voice box, causing the organ to spasm and shut. (
  • In reality, drowning is a process with varying severity, and is not synonymous with death as commonly believed and reinforced by the media. (
  • Although no longer recommended, the classifications of "near drowning" and "drowning" are still commonly used in literature and among laypersons. (
  • Some groups use "post-immersion syndrome" or, less commonly, "delayed drowning. (
  • Drowning is the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid. (
  • Drowning is a process resulting in primary respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in a liquid medium. (
  • There are a number of causes of drowning leading to disruption of the respiratory system and preventing the distribution of oxygen around the body, resulting in hypoxia and cardiac arrest. (
  • Drowning begins with respiratory impairment due to submersion (victim's airway under the surface of the water) or immersion (water splashes over the victim's face). (
  • Near drowning refers to respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion without mortality. (
  • He's found in the water and he has sand in his mouth and upper respiratory [system], and a little bit in his stomach, clearly showing he drowned,' Perper said, calling the cause of death 'crystal clear. (
  • SACRAMENTO - Authorities said Wednesday that there appears to have been no foul play in the drowning of a Stanislaus County man whose family believes he was murdered after allegedly witnessing the rape of one of three slain Yosemite tourists. (
  • Authorities in Kazakhstan say that they are investigating the drowning of four Kazakh soldiers during an ill-fated military exercise on the Caspian Sea. (
  • The cause of death of a man whose body was pulled from a pond at his Springfield Township apartment complex has been ruled a drowning, authorities said Monday. (
  • A man accused of making more than $7 billion off the investment schemes of jailed financial manager Bernard Madoff drowned after having a heart attack, authorities said Monday. (
  • Laryngospasm occurs in less than two percent of drowning cases and is incorrectly thought to protect the airways. (
  • Drowning occurs when an individual spends too much time with their nose and mouth submerged in a liquid to the point of being unable to breathe. (
  • Drowning occurs when someone cannot breathe after going below the surface of water or another liquid. (
  • ESD occurs when faulty wiring sends electric current into water, which passes through the body and causes paralysis, which could ultimately result in drowning. (
  • Drowning refers to death that occurs in this way. (
  • In total, the research report stated that 33% of all HTTPS servers are vulnerable to the DROWN attack , because even those servers that don't directly offer SSLv2 share their RSA keys with other entities that do offer it, which would expose those keys. (
  • 1 Many factors might contribute to higher rates of drowning among males, including increased exposure to water, risk-taking behaviors, and alcohol use. (
  • The use of alcohol increases the risk of drowning across developed and developing nations. (
  • With adult males, dares or alcohol are usually involved in the drownings, Shelton said. (
  • On July 24, 1915, the steamer Eastland overturns in the Chicago River, drowning between 800 and 850 of its passengers who were heading to a picnic. (
  • 8,080 † nonfatal drownings-that is an average of 22 nonfatal drownings per day. (
  • Nonfatal drowning can result in long-term health problems and costly hospital stays. (
  • When a child is rescued before death, the episode is called a nonfatal drowning. (
  • A child's recovery from a nonfatal drowning depends on how long she was deprived of oxygen. (
  • 7,12,13 Other medical conditions such as autism and heart conditions are associated with a higher risk of drowning. (
  • The highest risk locations for drowning vary by age. (
  • This report describes the demographics and risk factors associated with drownings in Louisiana in 1998. (
  • Garzoni C, Garbino J. Long-term risk of atypical fungal infection after near-drowning episodes. (
  • Service members are at risk for unintentional drownings during training, occupational activities, and off-duty recreation. (
  • Discuss risk factors for drowning. (
  • Pre-existing conditions including seizures and pre-existing cardiac disease also increases the risk of drowning. (
  • Detecting dry drowning early is important to reduce the risk of serious complications related to lack of oxygen, and even death. (
  • Residual current could flow into the water from the boat, or the marina's wiring, potentially putting anyone in the water at risk of Electric Shock Drowning. (
  • Specific epilepsy subgroups had as much as a 97-fold greater risk of drowning, they added. (
  • The data corroborate and clarify results of previous studies showing an increased risk of drowning in patients with epilepsy. (
  • Drowning is a well-established risk for patients with epilepsy. (
  • Other studies have documented an increased risk of epilepsy-associated drownings in all age groups. (
  • Dr. Sander and colleagues reviewed information on 51 epilepsy cohorts for whom the risk of drowning could be calculated. (
  • Drowning is a type of suffocation induced by the submersion or immersion of the mouth and nose in a liquid. (
  • The effects of fluid volume in seawater drowning. (
  • The Louisiana Office of Public Health examined three sources of data on persons who died by drowning: 1998 death certificates, coroners' records, and records of investigations performed by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF). (
  • A case was defined as death in a resident of Louisiana coded on the death certificate as having drowned in the state during 1998. (
  • Drowning is the fifth leading cause of unintentional death in the U.S. (
  • Contrary to historical definitions and popular belief, drowning is a process that does not always result in death, as it can be interrupted, and cases of drowning can vary in severity. (
  • In New Zealand's early colonial history, so many settlers died while trying to cross the rivers that drowning was called "the New Zealand death. (
  • This mechanism is called dry drowning , and this alone can be a cause of death. (
  • Rates of drowning death vary with age, gender, and race. (
  • The preferred terms to use now are "drowning without morbidity," "drowning with morbidity" and "drowning with death (or mortality). (
  • The cause of death was determined to be drowning. (
  • Drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional injury death across the globe. (
  • To drown is "to suffer death by submersion in water. (
  • In a literal sense, when a person drowns , death is understood to be the outcome. (
  • The tiger star in Life Of Pi almost drowned to death during filming. (
  • Drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury death in the world. (
  • The family of a bright, but troubled 17-year-old who drowned herself in the Hudson River after getting caught cheating on an exam is suing the city over her death. (
  • GWINNETT COUNTY, Ga. - The Georgia Department of Natural Resources has confirmed that a swimmer has drowned after going under the waters of Lake Lanier on Saturday afternoon. (
  • Drowning can happen very quickly and in less than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) of water. (
  • How Does "Delayed Drowning" Happen? (
  • This case is not a total surprise and it can happen, but not in the majority of cases," said Dr. Paul Pepe , chair of emergency medicine at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, who has conducted numerous studies on drowning in Texas and in Florida, where rates are high. (
  • After swimming, always observe your kids, because dry drowning can happen rapidly. (