The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
While "Humanities" is a broad academic discipline that includes fields such as literature, philosophy, history, and language studies, it does not have a specific medical definition related to the practice of medicine or healthcare.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.

Science at a crossroads. (1/28)

Science is entering an alliance with the economy that will speed the effect of innovation through society. Despite the slowdown of the 'new economy', a cascade paradigm of innovation appears key to increasing the rate of economic growth. Yet for science to continue to thrive and make this contribution to innovation, it must traverse at least three key crossroads. First, while life sciences have built a strong advocacy model to secure growing federal research funding, the physical sciences (including mathematics and engineering) have not and must now do so to thrive. Second, the drop in the numbers of physical scientists and engineers must be reversed if we are to have the talent to maintain a strong trend of scientific advance. Third, although science advances are increasingly interdisciplinary and occurring in the space between the historic science stovepipes, the organization of federal science support is largely unchanged since the beginning of the cold war. While a decentralized model has value, we must also consider new approaches that encourage deeper cooperation across science sectors and agencies.  (+info)

Interdisciplinary research: putting the methods under the microscope. (2/28)

BACKGROUND: While the desirability of interdisciplinary inquiry has been widely acknowledged, indeed has become 'the mantra of science policy', the methods of interdisciplinary collaboration are opaque to outsiders and generally remain undescribed. DISCUSSION: Many have analysed interdisciplinarity, especially in relation to the creation of new disciplines and institutions. These analyses are briefly outlined. Still, there currently persists a silence about the methods of interdisciplinary collaboration itself, and the core of this paper proposes a template for such methods. SUMMARY: Breaking this silence--by making the methods of interdisciplinary projects transparent--could further invigorate interdisciplinary research.  (+info)

Two models for an effective undergraduate research experience in physiology and other natural sciences. (3/28)

68A realistic research experience is beneficial to undergraduate students, but it is often difficult for liberal arts colleges to offer this opportunity. We describe two approaches for developing and maintaining an interdisciplinary research program at small colleges. An active and continuing involvement of an individual with extensive research experience is an essential element in both. One model was developed by the faculty of Taylor University, Upland, IN and a research scientist who had retired from a major university to join the Taylor faculty as their first Research Professor. The school's Science Research Training Program was initially funded by a modest endowment provided by interested alumni and by extramural grants awarded to the Research Professor and to the institution; the program now enjoys significant funding from diverse sources. Taylor is not located near any large research university and consequently supplies all resources required for the experiments and stipends for students pursuing projects full-time during the summer. The second model was developed by the faculty at Asbury College in Wilmore, KY, working with a scientist having a full-time appointment at the University of Kentucky and a part-time appointment at the college. In this approach, Asbury faculty may place their students for a period of training, often during the summer, in a laboratory of a cooperating host faculty at the University of Kentucky or other institution. The host faculty funds the research and pays a stipend to those students who work full-time during the summer. Relationships established between faculty at the College and at the University of Kentucky have been mutually beneficial. The success of both programs is evidenced by the students' presenting their data at state and national scientific meetings, by their publishing their results in national journals, and by the undergraduate school faculty developing independent research programs.  (+info)

Perceptual knowledge retrieval activates sensory brain regions. (4/28)

Although knowledge indexes our experiences of the world, the neural basis of this relationship remains to be determined. Previous neuroimaging research, especially involving knowledge biased to visual and functional information, suggests that semantic representations depend on modality-specific brain mechanisms. However, it is unclear whether sensory cortical regions, in general, support retrieval of perceptual knowledge. Using neuroimaging methods, we show that semantic decisions that index tactile, gustatory, auditory, and visual knowledge specifically activate brain regions associated with encoding these sensory experiences. Retrieval of tactile knowledge was specifically associated with increased activation in somatosensory, motor, and premotor cortical regions. In contrast, decisions involving flavor knowledge increased activation in an orbitofrontal region previously implicated in processing semantic comparisons among edible items. Perceptual knowledge retrieval that references visual and auditory experiences was associated with increased activity in distinct temporal brain regions involved in the respective sensory processing. These results indicate that retrieval of perceptual knowledge relies on brain regions used to mediate sensory experiences with the referenced objects.  (+info)

Spectral mapping tools from the earth sciences applied to spectral microscopy data. (5/28)

BACKGROUND: Spectral imaging, originating from the field of earth remote sensing, is a powerful tool that is being increasingly used in a wide variety of applications for material identification. Several workers have used techniques like linear spectral unmixing (LSU) to discriminate materials in images derived from spectral microscopy. However, many spectral analysis algorithms rely on assumptions that are often violated in microscopy applications. This study explores algorithms originally developed as improvements on early earth imaging techniques that can be easily translated for use with spectral microscopy. METHODS: To best demonstrate the application of earth remote sensing spectral analysis tools to spectral microscopy data, earth imaging software was used to analyze data acquired with a Leica confocal microscope with mechanical spectral scanning. For this study, spectral training signatures (often referred to as endmembers) were selected with the ENVI (ITT Visual Information Solutions, Boulder, CO) "spectral hourglass" processing flow, a series of tools that use the spectrally over-determined nature of hyperspectral data to find the most spectrally pure (or spectrally unique) pixels within the data set. This set of endmember signatures was then used in the full range of mapping algorithms available in ENVI to determine locations, and in some cases subpixel abundances of endmembers. RESULTS: Mapping and abundance images showed a broad agreement between the spectral analysis algorithms, supported through visual assessment of output classification images and through statistical analysis of the distribution of pixels within each endmember class. CONCLUSIONS: The powerful spectral analysis algorithms available in COTS software, the result of decades of research in earth imaging, are easily translated to new sources of spectral data. Although the scale between earth imagery and spectral microscopy is radically different, the problem is the same: mapping material locations and abundances based on unique spectral signatures.  (+info)

The influence of "new science" on dental education: current concepts, trends, and models for the future. (6/28)

Advances in all aspects of science and discovery continue to occur at an exponential rate, leading to a wealth of new knowledge and technologies that have the potential to transform dental practice. This "new science" within the areas of cell/ molecular biology, genetics, tissue engineering, nanotechnology, and informatics has been available for several years; however, the assimilation of this information into the dental curriculum has been slow. For the profession and the patients it serves to benefit fully from modern science, new knowledge and technologies must be incorporated into the mainstream of dental education. The continued evolution of the dental curriculum presents a major challenge to faculty, administrators, and external constituencies because of the high cost, overcrowded schedule, unique demands of clinical training, changing nature of teaching/assessment methods, and large scope of new material impacting all areas of the educational program. Additionally, there is a lack of personnel with adequate training/experience in both foundational and clinical sciences to support the effective application and/or integration of new science information into curriculum planning, implementation, and assessment processes. Nonetheless, the speed of this evolution must be increased if dentistry is to maintain its standing as a respected health care profession. The influence of new science on dental education and the dental curriculum is already evident in some dental schools. For example, the Marquette University School of Dentistry has developed a comprehensive model of curriculum revision that integrates foundational and clinical sciences and also provides a dedicated research/scholarly track and faculty development programming to support such a curriculum. Educational reforms at other dental schools are based on addition of new curricular elements and include innovative approaches that introduce concepts regarding new advances in science, evidence-based foundations, and translational research. To illustrate these reforms, the Marquette curriculum and initiatives at the University of Connecticut and the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio dental schools are described in this article, with recognition that other dental schools may also be developing strategies to infuse new science and evidence-based critical appraisal skills into their students' educational experiences. Discussion of the rationale, goals/objectives, and outcomes within the context of dissemination of these models should help other dental schools to design approaches for integrating this new material that are appropriate to their particular circumstances and mission. For the profession to advance, every dental school must play a role in establishing a culture that attaches value to research/discovery, evidence-based practice, and the application of new knowledge/technologies to patient care.  (+info)

A new paradigm for mentored undergraduate research in molecular microbiology. (7/28)

Science educators agree that an undergraduate research experience is critical for students who are considering graduate school or research careers. The process of researching a topic in the primary literature, designing experiments, implementing those experiments, and analyzing the results is essential in developing the analytical skills necessary to become a true scientist. Because training undergraduates who will only be in the laboratory for a short period is time consuming for faculty mentors, many students are unable to find appropriate research opportunities. We hypothesized that we could effectively mentor several students simultaneously, using a method that is a hybrid of traditional undergraduate research and a traditional laboratory course. This article describes a paradigm for mentored undergraduate research in molecular microbiology where students have ownership of their individual projects, but the projects are done in parallel, enabling the faculty mentor to guide multiple students efficiently.  (+info)

Graduate entry to medicine in Iran. (8/28)


"Natural science disciplines" is a broad term that refers to various branches of scientific study focused on understanding, describing, and explaining natural phenomena. These disciplines use systematic observation, experimentation, and evidence-based approaches to investigate the properties and behaviors of natural entities and systems. Some prominent natural science disciplines include:

1. Physics: The study of matter, energy, and their interactions, including mechanics, electricity, magnetism, thermodynamics, and quantum physics.
2. Chemistry: The investigation of the composition, structure, properties, and transformation of matter, encompassing areas such as organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, analytical chemistry, and biochemistry.
3. Biology: The examination of living organisms, their structures, functions, processes, interactions, and evolution, covering topics like genetics, cellular biology, molecular biology, physiology, ecology, and evolution.
4. Geology: The study of Earth's materials, processes, and history, including mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, stratigraphy, structural geology, and paleontology.
5. Astronomy: The scientific exploration of celestial objects, phenomena, and the universe beyond Earth, incorporating areas such as astrophysics, planetary science, and cosmology.

These disciplines often overlap and inform one another, contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of the natural world.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "humanities" is not typically used in a medical context as it relates to fields such as literature, philosophy, arts, and languages. The humanities are academic disciplines that study human culture, including language, history, philosophy, and the creation of art. They provide valuable insights into human nature, behavior, and experience, which can certainly have applications in various fields, including healthcare. However, a specific medical definition of "humanities" would not be applicable.

Biological science disciplines are fields of study that deal with the principles and mechanisms of living organisms and their interactions with the environment. These disciplines employ scientific, analytical, and experimental approaches to understand various biological phenomena at different levels of organization, ranging from molecules and cells to ecosystems. Some of the major biological science disciplines include:

1. Molecular Biology: This field focuses on understanding the structure, function, and interactions of molecules that are essential for life, such as DNA, RNA, proteins, and lipids. It includes sub-disciplines like genetics, biochemistry, and structural biology.
2. Cellular Biology: This discipline investigates the properties, structures, and functions of individual cells, which are the basic units of life. Topics covered include cell division, signaling, metabolism, transport, and organization.
3. Physiology: Physiologists study the functioning of living organisms and their organs, tissues, and cells. They investigate how biological systems maintain homeostasis, respond to stimuli, and adapt to changing environments.
4. Genetics: This field deals with the study of genes, heredity, and variation in organisms. It includes classical genetics, molecular genetics, population genetics, quantitative genetics, and genetic engineering.
5. Evolutionary Biology: This discipline focuses on understanding the processes that drive the origin, diversification, and extinction of species over time. Topics include natural selection, adaptation, speciation, phylogeny, and molecular evolution.
6. Ecology: Ecologists study the interactions between organisms and their environment, including the distribution, abundance, and behavior of populations, communities, and ecosystems.
7. Biotechnology: This field applies biological principles and techniques to develop products, tools, and processes that improve human health, agriculture, and industry. It includes genetic engineering, bioprocessing, bioremediation, and synthetic biology.
8. Neuroscience: Neuroscientists investigate the structure, function, development, and disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
9. Biophysics: This discipline combines principles from physics and biology to understand living systems' properties and behaviors at various scales, from molecules to organisms.
10. Systems Biology: Systems biologists study complex biological systems as integrated networks of genes, proteins, and metabolites, using computational models and high-throughput data analysis.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Science" is a broad field that refers to a systematic and logical process used to discover how things in the universe work. It's not typically used as a medical term. However, within the context of medicine, "science" often refers to evidence-based practices, which are treatments and preventions that have been scientifically researched and proven to be effective. This could include areas like pharmacology (the study of drugs), pathophysiology (the study of changes in the body due to disease), or clinical trials (studies used to test new treatments). If you're looking for a specific medical term, could you please provide more context?

... the natural science disciplines included: physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy. The social science disciplines ... Natural history referred to what we now call life sciences and natural philosophy referred to the current physical sciences. ... social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology ... With rare exceptions, practitioners of science tended to be amateurs and were referred to as "natural historians" and "natural ...
... and the Natural Sciences". Accounting Horizons. 30 (3): 341-361. doi:10.2308/acch-51443. CPAs are back in vogue, but don't ... Due to different publication rates between accounting and other business disciplines, a recent study based on academic author ... Buchheit, S.; Collins, D.; Reitenga, A. (2002). "A cross-discipline comparison of top-tier academic journal publication rates: ... Accounting scholarship is an academic discipline oriented towards the profession of accounting, usually taught at a business ...
Science Without Unity: Reconciling the Natural and the Human Sciences. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987. xxii + 470 pp. Pragmatism ... Psychology: Designing the Discipline. With Peter Manicas, Rom Harré, and Paul Secord. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986. viii + 168 ... History, Historicity and Science. Edited by Tom Rockmore and Joseph Margolis. Aldershot, UK and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2006 ... text online at The Flux of History and the Flux of Science. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. x ...
... and natural history developing into biology; these three disciplines form natural science, from which interdisciplinary fields ... AQA science courses such as core science, additional science, further additional science, science A, science B, additional ... in this case either combined science A or combined science B. In combined science A, science is delivered in the three ... Science as it is known today developed from two spheres of knowledge: natural philosophy and natural history. The former was ...
Science, and Industry. It displayed its first collection of natural history objects at the Portland Hotel. Subsequent small ... Transient exhibits span a wider range of disciplines. Beginning in 1903, odd artifacts were displayed in hallways and alcoves ... The Life Sciences Hall also contains the Life Science Laboratory and the Earth Science Hall. The Life Sciences Laboratory ... California Museum of Science and Industry, Los Angeles Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago) Museum of Science & Industry ( ...
In a 2015 paper published in Science, they found that academic disciplines that are perceived to require brilliance for success ... Leslie, S.J. (2013). Essence and Natural Kinds: When Science Meets Preschooler Intuition. Oxford Studies in Epistemology, 4, ... Expectations of Brilliance Underlie Gender Distributions Across Academic Disciplines. Science, 347(6219), 262-265. Bian, L. ... "Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines". Science. 347 (6219): 262-265. doi: ...
... in the field of natural sciences and related subjects. For other disciplines, see: List of Cornell University alumni. John B. ... recipient of Arctowski Medal from the National Academy of Sciences; dean of science and engineering, dean of natural sciences, ... member of the National Academy of Sciences (1986), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the French Academy of Science ... "FREEMAN DYSON - School of Natural Sciences". 11 February 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2017. "Stanford University ...
1.2 lakh) as well as disciplines, viz., humanities, natural science, law, education, pharmacy, management, physical education, ... library science, computer science, etc. in 23 schools and 144 affiliated colleges spread over 5 districts of Chhattisgarh.[ ... Management School of Studies in Law School of Studies in Library and Information Science School of Studies in Life Sciences ... Molecular Biology Building Science Block Boy's & Girl's Hostel Auditorium Teacher's Hostel Play Ground Guest House Stadium ...
... it was upgraded to a full-fledged first grade college with Bachelors courses in disciplines in the Natural Sciences. ... Disciplines in the Commerce subjects were introduced in 1970. The erstwhile Government Science College was inaugurated by His ... The Government Science College was bifurcated in 1974 into Government Arts College and Government Science College. In 2009, ... In 1973 it was bifurcated into Science and Arts colleges. In the year 2000-2001, new subjects like Computer Science, ...
Balance between relevant scientific disciplines including natural and social science. Geographical and gender balance. ... Seven expert advisers provide the GEF with up to date, authoritative and globally representative science in the areas of ... Experience in the management of science and with knowledge of issues in the implementation of complex international initiatives ...
... from formal sciences, natural sciences to social sciences. Most researchers have entered the field by carrying out doctoral ... Heritage science draws on diverse humanities, sciences and engineering disciplines. It focuses on enhancing the understanding, ... "Heritage Science Group". Retrieved 2016-01-08. "Heritage Science Sub-Committee". "Heritage Science Research ... Heritage science is also an excellent vehicle for public engagement with science as well as heritage. Heritage science is seen ...
The Clarke Medal is awarded by the Society for distinguished work in the Natural sciences. It was named in honour of the ... Each discipline is considered every three years. For a complete list of medalists see Clarke Medal. The Edgeworth David Medal, ... The Medal is now awarded annually for distinguished work in the natural sciences (geology, botany and zoology) done in the ... applied science and technology, and the Royal Society of NSW History and Philosophy of Science Medal); and Maintaining a ...
... and natural sciences. The school offers MA and PhD degrees in approximately 78 disciplines. GSAS began to take shape in the ... Biophysics Political Science Psychology Quantitative Methods in the Social Sciences Quantitative Methods in the Social Sciences ... Political Science (1880), Philosophy (1890), and Pure Science (1892). The graduate faculties, notably, were open to women at a ... Earth and Environmental Science Journalism Earth and Environmental Sciences East Asia: Regional Studies East Asian Languages ...
Archived 2004-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Life Science, Weber State Museum of Natural Science Archived 2013-07-27 at the ... Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines. Subdisciplines of biology are recognized on ... Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth ... This section is a list of works on biophysics, an interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physical science to study ...
Modern science is commonly divided into three major branches: natural science, social science, and formal science. Each of ... There is disagreement whether the formal sciences are science disciplines, because they do not rely on empirical evidence. ... Natural science is the study of the physical world. It can be divided into two main branches: life science and physical science ... For example, physical science can be subdivided into physics, chemistry, astronomy, and earth science. Modern natural science ...
The AB program covers 8 subject areas, including mathematics, natural sciences, history, social sciences, and languages. The AB ... Ayb School exercises a 100-point evaluation discipline. As well as giving marks, the teachers have to submit assessment reports ... It was initiated by the Ayb Foundation jointly with the Ministry of Education and Science of Armenia, within the frames of the ... On December 29, 2015, the Armenian Ministry of Education and Science confirmed the Araratian Baccalaureate as an alternative ...
... or a related set of disciplines (e.g. Business, Humanities, and Natural Sciences). UMA offers 17 baccalaureate degrees, 15 ... The University of Maine at Augusta is divided into two primary academic colleges: College of Arts and Sciences and College of ... UMA is noted nationally for offering an online baccalaureate degree in information and library science. In Summer 2009, it ... Colleges are organized into departments/programs, each representing an academic discipline (e.g. Architecture, Mathematics, and ...
As its offerings developed to include theology, teacher education, secretarial science, business, and natural sciences, it ... Since then, baccalaureate programmes in some twenty other disciplines have been added. In 1999 the college was granted ... Currently the university offers graduate and post-graduate programs in the sciences, religion, business and education. The ... Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2023-01-01. "Seventh-day Adventists - Christian Denomination , Religion ...
Four weekend festivals organized around scientific disciplines, are held during the year. Paleopalooza, held in mid-February, ... The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, formerly the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, is the oldest ... WINS (Women in Natural Sciences) is an innovative and successful science enrichment program conducted by The Academy of Natural ... "The Academy of Natural Sciences and Drexel University Announce a Historic Affiliation". Academy of Natural Science. 2011. ...
To nurture the natural curiosity, aesthetic sense and creativity in science and technology. To imbibe the values of honesty, ... To encourage them to explore higher levels of knowledge in different disciplines. To promote problem-solving abilities and ... Sciences - Pedagogy of learning sciences should be designed to address the aims of learning science is to learn the facts and ... Social Sciences - Social science a subject is included in schools to assist students to explore their interests and aptitudes ...
... and evolutionary biology are considered sister disciplines of the life sciences. Natural selection, life history, ... The unique set of circumstances has generated the need for a new unifying science called coupled human and natural systems that ... Biogeography has a long history in the natural sciences concerning the spatial distribution of plants and animals. Ecology and ... Odum, E. P. (1977). "The emergence of ecology as a new integrative discipline". Science. 195 (4284): 1289-1293. Bibcode:1977Sci ...
... plant science; rural development and agricultural extension; natural resources and environmental sciences; and agricultural ... 20 MSc and 12 PhD programs can be obtained from these disciplines. The university gives two and half year BSc programs for mid- ... The Ministry of Science and Higher Education admits qualified students to Haramaya University based on their score on the ... The college offered BSc and MSc degrees in animal and range sciences; ...
Humans are corporeal beings and, as such, they are subject to examination and description by the natural sciences. Since mental ... There are many scientific disciplines that study processes related to the mental. The list of such sciences includes: biology, ... The theoretical background of biology, as is the case with modern natural sciences in general, is fundamentally materialistic. ... When one tries to reduce these states to natural processes there arises a problem: natural processes are not true or false, ...
... which includes disciplines in the natural and social sciences, mathematics, computing and humanities; College of Natural ... "Mammalogy - Museum of Natural History , UWSP". Retrieved 2023-07-09. "Ornithology - Museum of Natural History , ... The UW-Stevens Point campus is home to the Museum of Natural History. The earliest mention of a museum at UWSP goes back to the ... In 1902, UW-Stevens Point became one of the first schools in the country to educate young women in "domestic science" or home ...
Mineralogy and Natural History of Australasia, to be open to men of science, whether resident in Australasia or elsewhere". It ... Each discipline is considered in rotation every three years. Source: Royal Society of New South Wales 1878: Richard Owen ( ... for distinguished work in the Natural sciences. The medal is named in honour of the Reverend William Branwhite Clarke, one of ... is now awarded annually for distinguished work in the Natural Sciences (geology, botany and zoology) done in the Australian ...
Originally, the term "science" (Latin: scientia) simply meant "knowledge". The scientific method, however, transformed natural ... Science and philosophy have been considered separated disciplines ever since. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical ... Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of natural philosophy. ... Causality is usually required as a foundation for philosophy of science if science aims to understand causes and effects and ...
The depth of Novalis's knowledge in fields like philosophy and natural science came to be more broadly appreciated with the ... Novalis was not only well read in his chosen disciplines; he also sought to integrate his knowledge with his art. This goal can ... in which he uses his knowledge of natural science derived from his work overseeing salt mining to understand the human ... Novalis began integrating his knowledge of natural science into his literary work. This integration can be seen in an ...
Instead of the most widely accepted Diltheian segmentation into natural sciences (Naturwissenschaften) and human sciences ( ... Law formed part of the first group; the third one listed grouped disciplines related to organización de la tierra. The attempt ... In line with the Orsian idea, the Navarrese establishments were presented as derived from autoridad and as based on natural law ... 425-428 Nadja El Beheri, Benedicto XVI y Álvaro d'Ors sobre el Derecho natural, [in:] Persona y derecho 74 (2016), pp. 253-272 ...
Optimization is addressed in all spheres of human enterprise from natural sciences and engineering of whatever discipline, ... through economics, econometrics, statistics and operations research to management science. Practitioners of mathematical ...
General requirements include classes in mathematics, fine arts, letters, natural sciences, social sciences, foreign language, ... Academics are focused on interdisciplinary humanities, combined with rigorous training in the disciplines. ... Biology/Biological Sciences (17) English Language and Literature (15) Environmental Science (15) Neuroscience (13) Mass ... Turning "Alumnae Field" into a natural surface also helped in efforts to conserve water. Scripps has also downsized trash bins ...
... Indexing Principles. The terms in this category can only be ... Many of the discipline headings in Category H have disease counterparts in Category C. Reserve the Category H term for articles ... used for the field or discipline. Check the annotations at specific terms for guidance. ...
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Natural Science Disciplines ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Natural Science Disciplines ... Natural Science Disciplines. Smallpox. Social Sciences. North America 8. A summary, historical and political, of the first ... Natural Science Disciplines. Smallpox. Social Sciences. North America 9. The Joseph Leidy Commemorative Meeting: held in ... Natural Science Disciplines 6. [Frontispiece to China illustrated by Athanasius Kircher] Publication: Bethesda, MD : U.S. ...
The work was supported by the Emergent Projects of National Science and Technology; the National Natural Science Foundation of ... Its Right to Discipline Docs Who Spread False Information About COVID-19 ... the Shanghai Key Discipline for Respiratory Diseases; the National Major Scientific and Technological Special Project for ... Significant New Drugs Development; and Key Projects in the National Science and Technology Pillar Program. The authors, ...
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81570029); Shanghai Key Discipline for Respiratory Diseases (2017ZZ02014); and ...
Natural Science Disciplines--history. Publication Types: Congress. Webcast NLM Classification: QH 365 ... The renowned 19th century naturalist made observations on plant and animal life that set science on a new course, introducing ... The renowned 19th century naturalist made observations on plant and animal life that set science on a new course, introducing ...
The Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative was launched to integrate physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering with ... Physical sciences are often overlooked in the field of cancer research. ... Natural Science Disciplines / organization & administration Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH ... Physical sciences are often overlooked in the field of cancer research. The Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative was ...
Environmental Science Discipline Khulna University, Khulna. Prof. Dr. G. K. M. Mustafizur Rahman. Dept. of Soil Science ... and training in Environmental Science and Natural Resources and dissemination of Knowledge of Environmental Science and Natural ... To advance and protect the interest and status of the professionals of Environmental Science and Natural Resources profession ... To provide a national forum for the profession of Environmental Science and Natural Resources in the country; ...
Degree: biological sciences, agriculture, natural resource management, chemistry, or related disciplines appropriate to the ... Degree: toxicology; or an appropriate discipline of the biological, medical, or veterinary sciences that included at least 30 ... General Natural Resources Management and Biological Sciences Series, 0401* ... Degree: major in an appropriate biological, medical, veterinary, or physical science, or in pharmacy that included at least 30 ...
Optimizing Natural Systems for Remediation: Utilizing Innovative Materials Science Approaches to Enhance Bioremediation (R01 ... the expertise of multiple disciplines, and sustainable approaches. Accordingly, the NIEHS Strategic Plan of 2018 and the SRP ... Optimizing Natural Systems for Remediation: Utilizing Innovative Materials Science Approaches to Enhance Bioremediation (R01 ... These materials science and engineering approaches hold promise to overcome some of the limitations of bioremediation such as ...
Edward Frongillo will explore natural experiments and investigative designs within the disciplines of implementation science. ... Advancing Science for Global Health. Home , Global Health Matters Sep/Oct 2022 , Fogarty webinar series highlights food and ... The final hour-long session, "Implementation Science and Food/Nutrition Insecurity," is slated for November 21 beginning at 3 p ... Frongillo, who is also president of the Society for Implementation Science in Nutrition, will also provide an example of a ...
In particular, they have in the past been used to justify social stereotypes and persistent inequities as natural and ... Discipline. Subject. Gender and Sexuality History of Science, Technology, and Medicine Science and Technology Studies ... In particular, they have in the past been used to justify social stereotypes and persistent inequities as "natural" and ...
An integration of natural and social science. *Active participation by stakeholders such as small-holder farmers, policy makers ... Interdisciplinary research: research which draws on concepts and insights from two or more disciplines in order to explain ... Biodiversity and Natural Resource Management Submenu for Biodiversity and Natural Resource Management ... Biodiversity and Natural Resource Management Submenu for Biodiversity and Natural Resource Management ...
... a set of upper-level laboratory courses that represent psychologys close alliance with both social science and natural-science ... This project may be in psychology or in another major discipline or study area. The guidelines established in the selected area ... Second, students take a required core of content breadth courses providing students with exposure to the key sub-disciplines of ... of behavior and mental processes and to examine their connections to the fields of biology and the social sciences. ...
... scientists and engineers that accredits college and university programs in the disciplines of applied and natural science, ... Sammarco took his daughter with him to the black-tie event-something he equated to the Oscars, but for science-and said it was ... Mining Feature: NIOSH Researcher Awarded Science Honor. Keywords: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ... Essentially, its accreditation is a mark of quality for academic science and engineering programs, and volunteers approved to ...
Automatic document categorization is an important research problem in Information Science and Natural Language Processing. Many ... This paper focuses on automatic categorization of documents from the biomedical literature into broad discipline-based ...
The percentage of students enrolled in scientific disciplines such as natural sciences does not exceed 30% of overall ... Higher education tends to focus on academic disciplines that are often incompatible with the needs of the labour market. ...
This study is supported in part by the Natural Science Foundation of China under grant 11701389, by the Characteristic ... by the Construct Program of the Key Discipline in Hunan Province, by the opening project of Guangdong Province Key Laboratory ... of Computational Science at the Sun Yat-sen University under grants 2018007, and by Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation ... The Helmholtz equation finds a wide application in many fields of science, engineering, and industry. To solve the Helmholtz ...
... such as engineering science, social science, political science, natural science and environmental science. Even if previous ... Students come from all over the world and from various academic disciplines, ...
... political science, economy, linguistics, literature, natural science, mathematics, communication science, fine arts, ecumenism ... The faculty is comprised of thirty university professors from a variety of countries and experts in various disciplines: ...
Health Perspectives is an Open Access journal published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. ... Health Perspectives is an Open Access journal published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. ... This work was supported in part by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81071642 and 30871296), ... Jiangsu Provinces Key Discipline of Medicine (XK201117), and by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, ...
We acknowledge the financial supports from Natural Science Foundation of China (51673038), Shanghai Key Project(16JC1400700), ... as well as Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities in China (111-2-04).. ... Science (USA) 110, 15549 (2013).. [4] J. J. Kaufman, F. A. Tan, et al. To be submitted (2016) ... A literature search using the Web of ScienceTM database shows that Year 2015 alone had publication of over 3000 articles in the ...
1 Centre for Chromosome Biology, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland. ... 2 Centre for Microscopy and Imaging, Discipline of Anatomy, National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, Ireland. ... 1 Centre for Chromosome Biology, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland. ... 4 Carbohydrate Signalling Group, Microbiology, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, ...
I think its also important to recognize that these questions predominantly relate to the natural sciences and reflect my ... to refer to all these mapping approaches that span across academic disciplines and sub-disciplines. HEM focuses on ... Forest Science, 55(2): 162-182.. Lischka, S., Teel, T., Johnson, H., Reed, S., Breck, S., Don Carlos, A., Crooks, K. 2018. A ... Author Dawn BarlowCategories Oregon whale distributionTags decolonizing science, Gray Whales, historical data, Humpback whales ...
... interdisciplinary approach synthesising insights not only from economic theory and practice but also from natural sciences, ... Researchers and lecturers at the IIIEE have backgrounds in various disciplines and the IIIEE cooperates closely in education ... European joint Masters programme in Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management (MESPOM) Submenu for European joint Master&# ... European joint Masters programme in Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management (MESPOM) * Collaboration with external ...
... defines engineering as A profession in which a knowledge of mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience and ... It is difficult to define since it is one specialty in the larger and more broadly defined safety and health discipline, and, ... A weakness of the discipline that developed to serve the underlying need is that many of its practitioners were untrained and ... physical and engineering sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design, acquired by education and ...
H01 - Natural Science Disciplines. Biological Sciences. Biological Science Disciplines. Fiber Optics. Fiber Optic Technology. ... Immunity, Natural. Immunity, Innate. G13 - Integumentary System Physiological Phenomena. Skin Physiology. Skin Physiological ... Natural Sciences. Natural Science Disciplines. H02 - Health Occupations. Pulmonary Disease (Specialty). Pulmonary Medicine. ...
... and its promotion of collaborative science that integrates knowledge across disciplines, it provides an ideal environment in ... Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s). Primary: 75 - Computational Biology/Computational Methods for Exposure Assessment. ... A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to health, science, and the ... NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results ...
DISCIPLINES AND OCCUPATIONS. Natural Science Disciplines [H01] Natural Science Disciplines * Biological Science Disciplines [ ... DISCIPLINES AND OCCUPATIONS. Natural Science Disciplines [H01] Natural Science Disciplines * Biological Science Disciplines [ ... DISCIPLINES AND OCCUPATIONS. Natural Science Disciplines [H01] Natural Science Disciplines * Biological Science Disciplines [ ... DISCIPLINES AND OCCUPATIONS. Natural Science Disciplines [H01] Natural Science Disciplines * Biological Science Disciplines [ ...
Agricolas work and writings have had a tremendous influence on science, especially the disciplines of geology and mineralogy. ... He studied at the University of Leipzig and later medicine and natural sciences in Italy. ... His extensive knowledge and detailed observations helped shape and advance the understanding of natural sciences. ...
The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.. Terms. Natural Science Disciplines Preferred Term Term UI T714526. ... Natural Sciences Physical Sciences Previous Indexing. Science (1966-1997). Public MeSH Note. 2009; see NATURAL SCIENCES 2002- ... Natural Science Disciplines Preferred Concept UI. M0016787. Scope Note. ... Physical Sciences Narrower Concept UI. M0388503. Terms. Physical Sciences Preferred Term Term UI T448495. Date05/30/2001. ...
  • Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. (
  • Natural science consists of but is not limited to biology, physics, chemistry, geology and other natural sciences including life, earth and space sciences. (
  • Physics is concerned with describing and predicting natural phenomena. (
  • My research activities in the field of soft matter are a perfect admixture of the two classical disciplines of natural sciences, Chemistry, and Physics. (
  • In fall 2023, UH West Oʻahu Associate Professor of Chemistry Brad Ashburn began teaching Creative Media 108 ( CM 108): Creative process in the physical sciences, a unique collaboration between the creative media and the mathematics, natural, and health sciences departments. (
  • Analytical chemistry is a sub-discipline of chemistry that even young schoolchildren encounter at an early stage in their education. (
  • There has been a growing concern that the subject of analytical chemistry is losing ground to other disciplines, or rather, losing ground without any other discipline filling the gaps. (
  • For university researchers, it has become harder to obtain external funding for fundamental research in analytical chemistry, and one often heard opinion is that analytical chemistry is considered mainly as a "tool" for other disciplines. (
  • Perhaps popular crime series have perpetuated the idea of analytical chemistry being a method-only discipline and that it should be quick and easy. (
  • These assumptions of analytical chemistry as a ready-to-use tool may be further strengthened by the use of advanced chemical analyses in other disciplines, which is natural and once again emphasises that the analytical chemistry of today is very different from what it used to be. (
  • Category G (Biological Sciences) was renamed Phenomena and Processes. (
  • The Biological Sciences discipline descriptors were treed in locations in both G and H Tree categories. (
  • Of special note are developments for 2009 MeSH related to fungi, to processes and phenomena, and to disciplines and occupations. (
  • Category H (Natural Sciences) was renamed Disciplines and Occupations. (
  • To address this situation, 'Phenomena and Processes' and 'Disciplines and Occupations' were separated into different tree categories. (
  • The H Tree category now provides a place for the different subcategories of disciplines and occupations. (
  • The first two of these are the Natural Sciences Disciplines and the Health Occupations. (
  • Interdisciplinary research: research which draws on concepts and insights from two or more disciplines in order to explain complex phenomena. (
  • Increases the knowledge base of a field of research and science collectively that are involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena. (
  • The previous (pre-2009) organization was established in 1975 and non-biological phenomena and techniques were organized within broad disciplines named by a descriptor in the H Tree category of Natural Sciences. (
  • Many descriptors involving concepts related to phenomena, being of interest to more than one discipline, were placed in more than one Tree location. (
  • Coursework typically covers a broad range of academic disciplines-including history, literature, philosophy, political science, art, economics, and sociology-with a focus on the interconnectedness of these areas. (
  • LUMES is an interdisciplinary master's programme in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science at Lund University. (
  • Some researchers believe that academic disciplines may, in the future, be replaced by what is known as Mode 2 or "post-academic science", which involves the acquisition of cross-disciplinary knowledge through the collaboration of specialists from various academic disciplines. (
  • Collaboration with scholars from different disciplines and faculties both nationally and internationally. (
  • The goal of this collaboration is to broaden participation in computing at UH West Oʻahu with a hands-on, project-based approach to learning science that allows for students to flex their creativity," Ashburn said. (
  • Citizen science is defined as a voluntary collaboration among scientists and non-specialists to achieve scientific and societal goals. (
  • In order to study it you need to have an affinity for sciences and you need to have an enquiring and creative mind that wonders how things work. (
  • Knowledge management (KM) has a natural affinity with science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines. (
  • Under this umbrella, our researchers jointly develop and bridge theories and methods from different disciplines, stimulating excellency in both disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary research. (
  • Science and art collide in University of Hawaiʻi -West Oʻahu 's newest creative media course-a STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics) class-among the first in the UH system. (
  • It concerns disciplines of applied and natural sciences, computing, engineering and engineering technology. (
  • Prof. Kevin J. Chen's team at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) have developed a series of high-performance, GaN-based CMOS logic circuits, which all display the desired "CMOS-like" characteristics. (
  • Paul Wright in his book Introduction to Engineering (1989) states that the Accreditation Board of Engineering Technology (ABET) defines engineering as A profession in which a knowledge of mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. (
  • Researchers and lecturers at the IIIEE have backgrounds in various disciplines and the IIIEE cooperates closely in education and research with other universities worldwide. (
  • Courses are taught by teachers and researchers from both the social and natural sciences with the aim of creating graduates that are able to grasp, analyse, and formulate governance strategies and practices for societal change. (
  • Problem-solving processes differ across disciplines. (
  • In the early twentieth century, new academic disciplines such as education and psychology were added. (
  • A Master of Liberal Arts (MLA)-also known as a Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS)- is an interdisciplinary graduate degree that strives to provide students with a broad-based education in multiple disciplines. (
  • The IIIEE research and education has a genuine interdisciplinary approach synthesising insights not only from economic theory and practice but also from natural sciences, engineering, political science, organizational, legal and behavioural studies. (
  • ABET defines an engineer as a person, who by reason of their special knowledge and use of mathematical, physical and engineering sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design, acquired by education and experience, is qualified to practice engineering (Duderstadt, Knoll, and Springer 1982). (
  • Citizen science is a powerful tool that not only leverages human resources for scientific discovery but also presents an opportunity for outreach, education, and engagement of the public. (
  • These degree programs focus on areas in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. (
  • Most established academic disciplines have their own journals and other outlets for publication, although many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary , and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields. (
  • An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge that is taught and researched at the college or university level. (
  • Disciplines are defined (in part) and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned societies and academic departments or faculties within colleges and universities to which their practitioners belong. (
  • Individuals associated with academic disciplines are commonly referred to as experts or specialists. (
  • Others, who may have studied liberal arts or systems theory rather than concentrating in a specific academic discipline, are classified as generalists. (
  • While academic disciplines in and of themselves are more or less focused practices, scholarly approaches such as multidisciplinarity/interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and cross-disciplinarity integrate aspects from multiple academic disciplines, therefore addressing any problems that may arise from narrow concentration within specialized fields of study. (
  • For example, professionals may encounter trouble communicating across academic disciplines because of differences in language, specified concepts, or methodology. (
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, there was an explosion of new academic disciplines focusing on specific themes, such as media studies, women's studies, and Africana studies. (
  • Many academic disciplines designed as preparation for careers and professions, such as nursing, hospitality management, and corrections, also emerged in the universities. (
  • This flexibility could enable individuals to delve deeper into specific areas of study, such as history, literature, philosophy, social sciences, or arts, while still maintaining a broader academic framework. (
  • Many of these are titles we publish in partnership with prestigious societies and academic institutions, such as the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). (
  • The Groningen science and engineering programmes stand out for their academic excellence. (
  • However, even if there arguably are core aspects and skills, it is important to acknowledge the fact that many differences exist when it comes to how certain disciplines grapple the challenges of writing academic discourse. (
  • These core skills could have to do with features of academic prose and text-type patterns that recur in academic writing across disciplines. (
  • Examples of more general features of academic writing and characteristics that are frequently argued to exist across disciplines are specialist vocabulary, impersonal voice, and the way in which ideas are packed into relatively few words (Hyland 2006). (
  • Our ability to provide a voice for scientists and engineers and to advance science depends on the support from individuals like you. (
  • Groningen is the only university in the Netherlands to offer a broad Bachelor's programme that allows you to explore various natural sciences. (
  • As these specializations developed, modern scientific disciplines in universities also improved their sophistication. (
  • Have your students read about an investigation of cold fusion and compare it to the Science Checklist in order to explore the key traits that make science science. (
  • Students participate in a quick activity and discuss whether they were doing science. (
  • Students learn to distinguish questions that could be addressed by the methods of science and those that could not, and they practice applying these criteria. (
  • Have your students read the full article on Rutherford's investigations of the atom and compare it to the Science Checklist in order to explore the key traits that make science science. (
  • By studying these subjects, students could gain a profound understanding of how their areas of interest- such as literature, history, politics, religion, society, and science-shapes the human experience. (
  • Unlike traditional graduate programs that focus on a single discipline, an MLA program is designed to encourage students to explore a diverse range of subjects. (
  • As students explore diverse subjects and engage in interdisciplinary dialogue, they develop strong analytical skills and the ability to communicate complex ideas across disciplines. (
  • In the course, students explore problems of the physical sciences, create and test hypotheses, interpret results, and iterate designs. (
  • CM 108 sparks creativity and curiosity about the natural world and teaches our students to view science through an artistic lens," said Sharla Hanoaka, director of UH West Oʻahu 's Academy for Creative Media. (
  • The programme focuses on sustainability challenges from a local to global level through combining both social and natural science perspectives and provides students with the skills necessary to deal with problems surrounding the complex sustainability challenges of the 21st century. (
  • LUMES emphasises knowledge integration througout the programme, and students are taught how to integrate knowledge from a number of fields or disciplines in natural and social science. (
  • however, there are natural alignments between these two disciplines that warrant investigation. (
  • The Program Criteria provide discipline specific accreditation criteria. (
  • They then read a story about Walter Alvarez, discuss the process of science, and trace his scientific journey using the Science Flowchart. (
  • This lesson sets an important tone by highlighting that other lines of human inquiry outside of science are important for answering this question on a personal level, but the class will focus on a scientific definition of "humanity. (
  • Whether you're a scientist, engineer, teacher, or science advocate, together we can be a united voice for scientific progress. (
  • The book will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in intellectual history, the history of early modern science and philosophy, the Scientific Revolution, and Newton in particular. (
  • We now proudly publish more than 100 world-class, open access, English language journals, spanning all scientific disciplines. (
  • Assists with conducting long and short-term scientific studies and investigations related to natural resources. (
  • This emerging form of scientific inquiry has grown in popularity recently, particularly in the environmental sciences where crowdsourcing can be leveraged to overcome resource constraints associated with the collection of empirical data. (
  • The positivist conception not only supported the development of experimental sciences but it also went beyond the scientific and philosophical field in order to become a real cultural and political movement. (
  • Natural history referred to what we now call life sciences and natural philosophy referred to the current physical sciences. (
  • Mechanical and electronic devices are designed and built using physical science and computational reasoning and calculation. (
  • These are all an integral part of children's early educational experiences, which shows the importance of this discipline within the wider context of natural science. (
  • Uses the knowledge base in natural science to solve specific problems. (
  • Topics of interest to a specific discipline are now organized in increasing levels of complexity. (
  • some public administration programs are associated with business schools (thus emphasizing the public management aspect), while others are linked to the political science field (emphasizing the policy analysis aspect). (
  • The following cover the general criteria for accrediting all Applied and Natural Science Programs. (
  • KAW supports researcher-initiated projects of the highest international standard, primarily within science, engineering and medicine. (
  • Prior to the twentieth century, categories were broad and general, which was expected due to the lack of interest in science at the time. (
  • Assists in implementing a broad-based natural resources program for the agency. (
  • We focus on the perspective of justice, rights and development and policy in relation to integrating social and natural sciences. (
  • Sustainability science: a relatively new problem-driven and solution-oriented field of interdisciplinary research broadly aimed at contributing to the global sustainability agenda. (
  • The publisher KeAi was established by Elsevier and China Science Publishing & Media Ltd to unfold quality research globally. (
  • During the 13 years BECC has existed as a research environment, it has been under constant development to meet the aims to perform excellent science, be at the forefront of establishing new research directions, and make significant societal impact. (
  • We also discuss potential pitfalls and challenges that may limit the proliferation of citizen science in our field. (
  • Exchange: All our science and engineering programmes offer study abroad possibilities at a number of partner institutions. (
  • It is difficult to define since it is one specialty in the larger and more broadly defined safety and health discipline, and, as such, it is often loosely defined and discussed. (
  • Earth-Science Reviews. (