Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It was initially established to investigate the broad aspects of human development as a means of understanding developmental disabilities, including mental retardation, and the events that occur during pregnancy. It now conducts and supports research on all stages of human development. It was established in 1962.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Financial support of research activities.
For-profit enterprise with relatively few to moderate number of employees and low to moderate volume of sales.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.

Risk-adjusted capitation based on the Diagnostic Cost Group Model: an empirical evaluation with health survey information. (1/1951)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the Diagnostic Cost Group (DCG) model using health survey information. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Longitudinal data collected for a sample of members of a Dutch sickness fund. In the Netherlands the sickness funds provide compulsory health insurance coverage for the 60 percent of the population in the lowest income brackets. STUDY DESIGN: A demographic model and DCG capitation models are estimated by means of ordinary least squares, with an individual's annual healthcare expenditures in 1994 as the dependent variable. For subgroups based on health survey information, costs predicted by the models are compared with actual costs. Using stepwise regression procedures a subset of relevant survey variables that could improve the predictive accuracy of the three-year DCG model was identified. Capitation models were extended with these variables. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: For the empirical analysis, panel data of sickness fund members were used that contained demographic information, annual healthcare expenditures, and diagnostic information from hospitalizations for each member. In 1993, a mailed health survey was conducted among a random sample of 15,000 persons in the panel data set, with a 70 percent response rate. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The predictive accuracy of the demographic model improves when it is extended with diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations (DCGs). A subset of survey variables further improves the predictive accuracy of the DCG capitation models. The predictable profits and losses based on survey information for the DCG models are smaller than for the demographic model. Most persons with predictable losses based on health survey information were not hospitalized in the preceding year. CONCLUSIONS: The use of diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations is a promising option for improving the demographic capitation payment formula. This study suggests that diagnostic information from outpatient utilization is complementary to DCGs in predicting future costs.  (+info)

Disease eradication and health systems development. (2/1951)

This article provides a framework for the design of future eradication programmes so that the greatest benefit accrues to health systems development from the implementation of such programmes. The framework focuses on weak and fragile health systems and assumes that eradication leads to the cessation of the intervention required to eradicate the disease. Five major components of health systems are identified and key elements which are of particular relevance to eradication initiatives are defined. The dearth of documentation which can provide "lessons learned" in this area is illustrated with a brief review of the literature. Opportunities and threats, which can be addressed during the design of eradication programmes, are described and a number of recommendations are outlined. It is emphasized that this framework pertains to eradication programmes but may be useful in attempts to coordinate vertical and horizontal disease control activities for maximum mutual benefits.  (+info)

Perspectives from the dracunculiasis eradication programme. (3/1951)

After a slow beginning in association with the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-1990), the global Dracunculiasis Eradication Programme has reduced the incidence of dracunculiasis by nearly 97%, from an estimated 3.2 million cases in 1986 to less than 100,000 cases in 1997. Over half of the remaining cases are in Sudan. In addition, the programme has already produced many indirect benefits such as improved agricultural production and school attendance, extensive provision of clean drinking-water, mobilization of endemic communities, and improved care of infants. Most workers in the campaign have other responsibilities in their communities or ministries of health besides dracunculiasis eradication.  (+info)

Candidate parasitic diseases. (4/1951)

This paper discusses five parasitic diseases: American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and schistosomiasis. The available technology and health infrastructures in developing countries permit the eradication of dracunculiasis and the elimination of lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti. Blindness due to onchocerciasis and transmission of this disease will be prevented in eleven West African countries; transmission of Chagas disease will be interrupted. A well-coordinated international effort is required to ensure that scarce resources are not wasted, efforts are not duplicated, and planned national programmes are well supported.  (+info)

A national program for control of acute respiratory tract infections: the Philippine experience. (5/1951)

Maturing programs on child immunization and diarrheal diseases, a community-based research project, and a rational drug-use program facilitated the launching in 1989 of a nationwide Philippine Control of Acute Respiratory Infections program (Phil-CARI). From 1990 to 1991 the Phil-CARI expanded rapidly, training >80% of its middle managers and frontline health care providers on the case-management protocols of the World Health Organization for acute respiratory infection. Multiple donors and good collaboration with various societies and medical schools assisted the program. However, by 1992, there were difficulties in maintaining training quality, follow-up, and supervision. Donor assistance dwindled and the health care delivery system decentralized. Government procurement systems were unable to meet the logistics demands of the program. The monitoring and evaluation system was inadequate to measure impact. The Phil-CARI provides lessons in searching for more sustainable approaches and systems to meet the various demands of a nationwide ARI control program and to create the desired impact.  (+info)

The cost of obesity in Canada. (6/1951)

BACKGROUND: Almost one-third of adult Canadians are at increased risk of disability, disease and premature death because of being obese. In order to allocate limited health care resources rationally, it is necessary to elucidate the economic burden of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct costs related to the treatment of and research into obesity in Canada in 1997. METHODS: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index of 27 or greater) in Canada was determined using data from the National Population Health Survey, 1994-1995. Ten comorbidities of obesity were identified from the medical literature. A population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated for each comorbidity with data from large cohort studies to determine the extent to which each comorbidity and its management costs were attributable to obesity. The direct cost of each comorbidity was determined using data from the Canadian Institute of Health Information (for direct expenditure categories) and from Health Canada (for the proportion of expenditure category attributable to the comorbidity). This prevalence-based approach identified the direct costs of hospital care, physician services, services of other health professionals, drugs, other health care and health research. For each comorbidity, the cost attributable to obesity was determined by multiplying the PAF by the total direct cost of the comorbidity. The overall impact of obesity was estimated as the sum of the PAF-weighted costs of treating the comorbidities. A sensitivity analysis was completed on both the estimated costs and the PAFs. RESULTS: The total direct cost of obesity in Canada in 1997 was estimated to be over $1.8 billion. This corresponded to 2.4% of the total health care expenditures for all diseases in Canada in 1997. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the total cost could be as high as $3.5 billion or as low as $829.4 million; this corresponded to 4.6% and 1.1% respectively of the total health care expenditures in 1997. When the contributions of the comorbidities to the total cost were considered, the 3 largest contributors were hypertension ($656.6 million), type 2 diabetes mellitus ($423.2 million) and coronary artery disease ($346.0 million). INTERPRETATION: A considerable proportion of health care dollars is devoted to the treatment and management of obesity-related comorbidities in Canada. Further research into the therapeutic benefits and cost-effectiveness of management strategies for obesity is required. It is anticipated that the prevention and treatment of obesity will have major positive effects on the overall cost of health care.  (+info)

Is health insurance in Greece in need of reform? (7/1951)

This paper aims to assess the relationship between insurance contributions and health benefits in Greece by using information from sickness funds' accounts. The paper argues that the fragmentation of social health insurance, and the particular ways in which sickness funds' financial services are organized, are a major source of inequity and are grossly inefficient. The survival of these systems in the 1990s cannot be explained except on grounds of inertia and corporate resistance.  (+info)

Health insurance in developing countries: lessons from experience. (8/1951)

Many developing countries are currently considering the possibility of introducing compulsory health insurance schemes. One reason is to attract more resources to the health sector. If those who, together with their employers, can pay for their health services and are made to do so by insurance, the limited tax funds can be concentrated on providing services for fewer people and thus improve coverage and raise standards. A second reason is dissatisfaction with existing services in which staff motivation is poor, resources are not used to best advantage and patients are not treated with sufficient courtesy and respect. This article describes the historical experience of the developed countries in introducing and steadily expanding the coverage of health insurance, sets out the consensus which has developed about health insurance (at least in Western European countries) and describes the different forms which health insurance can take. The aim is to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches from this experience, to set out the options for developing countries and to give warnings about the dangers of some approaches.  (+info)

National health programs are systematic, large-scale initiatives that are put in place by national governments to address specific health issues or improve the overall health of a population. These programs often involve coordinated efforts across various sectors, including healthcare, education, and social services. They may aim to increase access to care, improve the quality of care, prevent the spread of diseases, promote healthy behaviors, or reduce health disparities. Examples of national health programs include immunization campaigns, tobacco control initiatives, and efforts to address chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease. These programs are typically developed based on scientific research, evidence-based practices, and public health data, and they may be funded through a variety of sources, including government budgets, grants, and private donations.

Program Evaluation is a systematic and objective assessment of a healthcare program's design, implementation, and outcomes. It is a medical term used to describe the process of determining the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of a program in achieving its goals and objectives. Program evaluation involves collecting and analyzing data related to various aspects of the program, such as its reach, impact, cost-effectiveness, and quality. The results of program evaluation can be used to improve the design and implementation of existing programs or to inform the development of new ones. It is a critical tool for ensuring that healthcare programs are meeting the needs of their intended audiences and delivering high-quality care in an efficient and effective manner.

Public health is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts of society." It focuses on improving the health and well-being of entire communities, populations, and societies, rather than individual patients. This is achieved through various strategies, including education, prevention, surveillance of diseases, and promotion of healthy behaviors and environments. Public health also addresses broader determinants of health, such as access to healthcare, housing, food, and income, which have a significant impact on the overall health of populations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Health status is a term used to describe the overall condition of an individual's health, including physical, mental, and social well-being. It is often assessed through various measures such as medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and self-reported health assessments. Health status can be used to identify health disparities, track changes in population health over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

Health surveys are research studies that collect data from a sample population to describe the current health status, health behaviors, and healthcare utilization of a particular group or community. These surveys may include questions about various aspects of health such as physical health, mental health, chronic conditions, lifestyle habits, access to healthcare services, and demographic information. The data collected from health surveys can be used to monitor trends in health over time, identify disparities in health outcomes, develop and evaluate public health programs and policies, and inform resource allocation decisions. Examples of national health surveys include the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and to improve their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior change to include social and environmental interventions that can positively influence the health of individuals, communities, and populations. Health promotion involves engaging in a wide range of activities, such as advocacy, policy development, community organization, and education that aim to create supportive environments and personal skills that foster good health. It is based on principles of empowerment, participation, and social justice.

A nutrition survey is not a medical term per se, but it is a research method used in the field of nutrition and public health. Here's a definition:

A nutrition survey is a study design that systematically collects and analyzes data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and related factors from a defined population or sample. It aims to describe the nutritional situation, identify nutritional problems, and monitor trends in a population over time. Nutrition surveys can be cross-sectional, longitudinal, or community-based and may involve various data collection methods such as interviews, questionnaires, observations, physical measurements, and biological samples. The results of nutrition surveys are used to inform nutrition policies, programs, and interventions aimed at improving the nutritional status and health outcomes of populations.

The "delivery of health care" refers to the process of providing medical services, treatments, and interventions to individuals in order to maintain, restore, or improve their health. This encompasses a wide range of activities, including:

1. Preventive care: Routine check-ups, screenings, immunizations, and counseling aimed at preventing illnesses or identifying them at an early stage.
2. Diagnostic services: Tests and procedures used to identify and understand medical conditions, such as laboratory tests, imaging studies, and biopsies.
3. Treatment interventions: Medical, surgical, or therapeutic treatments provided to manage acute or chronic health issues, including medications, surgeries, physical therapy, and psychotherapy.
4. Acute care services: Short-term medical interventions focused on addressing immediate health concerns, such as hospitalizations for infections, injuries, or complications from medical conditions.
5. Chronic care management: Long-term care and support provided to individuals with ongoing medical needs, such as those living with chronic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, or cancer.
6. Rehabilitation services: Programs designed to help patients recover from illnesses, injuries, or surgeries, focusing on restoring physical, cognitive, and emotional function.
7. End-of-life care: Palliative and hospice care provided to individuals facing terminal illnesses, with an emphasis on comfort, dignity, and quality of life.
8. Public health initiatives: Population-level interventions aimed at improving community health, such as disease prevention programs, health education campaigns, and environmental modifications.

The delivery of health care involves a complex network of healthcare professionals, institutions, and systems working together to ensure that patients receive the best possible care. This includes primary care physicians, specialists, nurses, allied health professionals, hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, and public health organizations. Effective communication, coordination, and collaboration among these stakeholders are essential for high-quality, patient-centered care.

Health policy refers to a set of decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a population. It is formulated by governmental and non-governmental organizations with the objective of providing guidance and direction for the management and delivery of healthcare services. Health policies address various aspects of healthcare, including access, financing, quality, and equity. They can be designed to promote health, prevent disease, and provide treatment and rehabilitation services to individuals who are sick or injured. Effective health policies require careful consideration of scientific evidence, ethical principles, and societal values to ensure that they meet the needs of the population while being fiscally responsible.

Health care reform refers to the legislative efforts, initiatives, and debates aimed at improving the quality, affordability, and accessibility of health care services. These reforms may include changes to health insurance coverage, delivery systems, payment methods, and healthcare regulations. The goals of health care reform are often to increase the number of people with health insurance, reduce healthcare costs, and improve the overall health outcomes of a population. Examples of notable health care reform measures in the United States include the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Medicare for All proposals.

Health planning is a systematic process of creating strategies, policies, and goals to improve the health of a population and ensure the provision of adequate and accessible healthcare services. It involves assessing the health needs of the community, establishing priorities, developing interventions, and implementing and evaluating programs to address those needs. The ultimate goal of health planning is to optimize the health status of the population, reduce health disparities, and make efficient use of resources in the healthcare system. This process typically involves collaboration among various stakeholders, including healthcare professionals, policymakers, community members, and advocacy groups.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Program Development" is not a medical term. It is a general term that refers to the process of creating, planning, and implementing a new program or project, typically in a business, education, or community setting. In a healthcare context, it might refer to the development of a new healthcare service, treatment program, or educational initiative.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to try and help!

Health services accessibility refers to the degree to which individuals and populations are able to obtain needed health services in a timely manner. It includes factors such as physical access (e.g., distance, transportation), affordability (e.g., cost of services, insurance coverage), availability (e.g., supply of providers, hours of operation), and acceptability (e.g., cultural competence, language concordance).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), accessibility is one of the key components of health system performance, along with responsiveness and fair financing. Improving accessibility to health services is essential for achieving universal health coverage and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare without facing financial hardship. Factors that affect health services accessibility can vary widely between and within countries, and addressing these disparities requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy interventions, infrastructure development, and community engagement.

Health education is the process of providing information and strategies to individuals and communities about how to improve their health and prevent disease. It involves teaching and learning activities that aim to empower people to make informed decisions and take responsible actions regarding their health. Health education covers a wide range of topics, including nutrition, physical activity, sexual and reproductive health, mental health, substance abuse prevention, and environmental health. The ultimate goal of health education is to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles that can lead to improved health outcomes and quality of life.

Health care surveys are research tools used to systematically collect information from a population or sample regarding their experiences, perceptions, and knowledge of health services, health outcomes, and various other health-related topics. These surveys typically consist of standardized questionnaires that cover specific aspects of healthcare, such as access to care, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health disparities, and healthcare costs. The data gathered from health care surveys are used to inform policy decisions, improve healthcare delivery, identify best practices, allocate resources, and monitor the health status of populations. Health care surveys can be conducted through various modes, including in-person interviews, telephone interviews, mail-in questionnaires, or online platforms.

Health behavior can be defined as a series of actions and decisions that individuals take to protect, maintain or promote their health and well-being. These behaviors can include activities such as engaging in regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, getting sufficient sleep, practicing safe sex, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and managing stress.

Health behaviors are influenced by various factors, including knowledge and attitudes towards health, beliefs and values, cultural norms, social support networks, environmental factors, and individual genetic predispositions. Understanding health behaviors is essential for developing effective public health interventions and promoting healthy lifestyles to prevent chronic diseases and improve overall quality of life.

Public Health Administration refers to the leadership, management, and coordination of public health services and initiatives at the local, state, or national level. It involves overseeing and managing the development, implementation, and evaluation of policies, programs, and services aimed at improving the health and well-being of populations. This may include addressing issues such as infectious disease control, chronic disease prevention, environmental health, emergency preparedness and response, and health promotion and education.

Public Health Administration requires a strong understanding of public health principles, leadership and management skills, and the ability to work collaboratively with a variety of stakeholders, including community members, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other organizations. The ultimate goal of Public Health Administration is to ensure that public health resources are used effectively and efficiently to improve the health outcomes of populations and reduce health disparities.

Health expenditures refer to the total amount of money spent on health services, goods, and resources in a given period. This can include expenses for preventive care, medical treatments, medications, long-term care, and administrative costs. Health expenditures can be made by individuals, corporations, insurance companies, or governments, and they can be measured at the national, regional, or household level.

Health expenditures are often used as an indicator of a country's investment in its healthcare system and can reflect the overall health status of a population. High levels of health expenditures may indicate a strong commitment to healthcare, but they can also place a significant burden on individuals, businesses, and governments. Understanding patterns and trends in health expenditures is important for policymakers, healthcare providers, and researchers who are working to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and accessibility of healthcare services.

Community health services refer to a type of healthcare delivery that is organized around the needs of a specific population or community, rather than individual patients. These services are typically focused on preventive care, health promotion, and improving access to care for underserved populations. They can include a wide range of services, such as:

* Primary care, including routine check-ups, immunizations, and screenings
* Dental care
* Mental health and substance abuse treatment
* Public health initiatives, such as disease prevention and health education programs
* Home health care and other supportive services for people with chronic illnesses or disabilities
* Health services for special populations, such as children, the elderly, or those living in rural areas

The goal of community health services is to improve the overall health of a population by addressing the social, economic, and environmental factors that can impact health. This approach recognizes that healthcare is just one factor in determining a person's health outcomes, and that other factors such as housing, education, and income also play important roles. By working to address these underlying determinants of health, community health services aim to improve the health and well-being of entire communities.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. It involves the emotional, psychological, and social aspects of an individual's health. Mental health is not just the absence of mental illness, it also includes positive characteristics such as resilience, happiness, and having a sense of purpose in life.

It is important to note that mental health can change over time, and it is possible for an individual to experience periods of good mental health as well as periods of poor mental health. Factors such as genetics, trauma, stress, and physical illness can all contribute to the development of mental health problems. Additionally, cultural and societal factors, such as discrimination and poverty, can also impact an individual's mental health.

Mental Health professionals like psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and other mental health counselors use different tools and techniques to evaluate, diagnose and treat mental health conditions. These include therapy or counseling, medication, and self-help strategies.

Primary health care is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as:

"Essential health care that is based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part both of the country's health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process."

Primary health care includes a range of services such as preventive care, health promotion, curative care, rehabilitation, and palliative care. It is typically provided by a team of health professionals including doctors, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, and other community health workers. The goal of primary health care is to provide comprehensive, continuous, and coordinated care to individuals and families in a way that is accessible, affordable, and culturally sensitive.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Health services research (HSR) is a multidisciplinary field of scientific investigation that studies how social factors, financing systems, organizational structures and processes, health technologies, and personal behaviors affect access to healthcare, the quality and cost of care, and ultimately, our health and well-being. The goal of HSR is to inform policy and practice, improve system performance, and enhance the health and well-being of individuals and communities. It involves the use of various research methods, including epidemiology, biostatistics, economics, sociology, management science, political science, and psychology, to answer questions about the healthcare system and how it can be improved.

Examples of HSR topics include:

* Evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different healthcare interventions and technologies
* Studying patient-centered care and patient experiences with the healthcare system
* Examining healthcare workforce issues, such as shortages of primary care providers or the impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes
* Investigating the impact of health insurance design and financing systems on access to care and health disparities
* Analyzing the organization and delivery of healthcare services in different settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities
* Identifying best practices for improving healthcare quality and safety, reducing medical errors, and eliminating wasteful or unnecessary care.

An "attitude to health" is a set of beliefs, values, and behaviors that an individual holds regarding their own health and well-being. It encompasses their overall approach to maintaining good health, preventing illness, seeking medical care, and managing any existing health conditions.

A positive attitude to health typically includes:

1. A belief in the importance of self-care and taking responsibility for one's own health.
2. Engaging in regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and avoiding harmful behaviors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
3. Regular check-ups and screenings to detect potential health issues early on.
4. Seeking medical care when necessary and following recommended treatment plans.
5. A willingness to learn about and implement new healthy habits and lifestyle changes.
6. Developing a strong support network of family, friends, and healthcare professionals.

On the other hand, a negative attitude to health may involve:

1. Neglecting self-care and failing to take responsibility for one's own health.
2. Engaging in unhealthy behaviors such as sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, lack of sleep, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
3. Avoidance of regular check-ups and screenings, leading to delayed detection and treatment of potential health issues.
4. Resistance to seeking medical care or following recommended treatment plans.
5. Closed-mindedness towards new healthy habits and lifestyle changes.
6. Lack of a support network or reluctance to seek help from others.

Overall, an individual's attitude to health can significantly impact their physical and mental well-being, as well as their ability to manage and overcome any health challenges that may arise.

Health Insurance is a type of insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons. By purchasing health insurance, insured individuals pay a premium to an insurance company, which then pools those funds with other policyholders' premiums to pay for the medical care costs of individuals who become ill or injured. The coverage can include hospitalization, medical procedures, prescription drugs, and preventive care, among other services. The goal of health insurance is to provide financial protection against unexpected medical expenses and to make healthcare services more affordable.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Government Programs" is a very broad term and can encompass many different fields, including healthcare, social services, education, and more. If you're looking for a medical definition related to government programs, you might be referring to initiatives like Medicare, Medicaid, or the Affordable Care Act in the United States, which are government-run health insurance programs or policies.

1. Medicare: A federal health insurance program in the United States, primarily for people 65 and older, but also for some younger people with disabilities and those with end-stage renal disease. Medicare provides coverage for hospitalization, doctor visits, and other healthcare services.

2. Medicaid: A joint federal-state health insurance program in the United States that provides coverage to low-income individuals, including children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Medicaid covers a range of medical services, including hospital stays, doctor visits, and long-term care.

3. The Affordable Care Act (ACA): Also known as "Obamacare," the ACA is a United States healthcare reform law that aims to increase the quality and affordability of health insurance, lower the uninsured rate, and regulate the health insurance industry. The ACA includes provisions such as mandated insurance coverage, subsidies for low-income individuals, and protections for those with pre-existing conditions.

Please provide more context if you were looking for information on a different government program related to the medical field.

Health services refer to the delivery of healthcare services, including preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. These services are typically provided by health professionals such as doctors, nurses, and allied health personnel in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, community health centers, and long-term care facilities. Health services may also include public health activities such as health education, surveillance, and health promotion programs aimed at improving the health of populations. The goal of health services is to promote and restore health, prevent disease and injury, and improve the quality of life for individuals and communities.

Quality of health care is a term that refers to the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge. It encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Clinical effectiveness: The use of best available evidence to make decisions about prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care. This includes considering the benefits and harms of different options and making sure that the most effective interventions are used.
2. Safety: Preventing harm to patients and minimizing risks associated with healthcare. This involves identifying potential hazards, implementing measures to reduce errors, and learning from adverse events to improve systems and processes.
3. Patient-centeredness: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values. This includes ensuring that patients are fully informed about their condition and treatment options, involving them in decision-making, and providing emotional support throughout the care process.
4. Timeliness: Ensuring that healthcare services are delivered promptly and efficiently, without unnecessary delays. This includes coordinating care across different providers and settings to ensure continuity and avoid gaps in service.
5. Efficiency: Using resources wisely and avoiding waste, while still providing high-quality care. This involves considering the costs and benefits of different interventions, as well as ensuring that healthcare services are equitably distributed.
6. Equitability: Ensuring that all individuals have access to quality healthcare services, regardless of their socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, gender, age, or other factors. This includes addressing disparities in health outcomes and promoting fairness and justice in healthcare.

Overall, the quality of health care is a multidimensional concept that requires ongoing evaluation and improvement to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

Health services needs refer to the population's requirement for healthcare services based on their health status, disease prevalence, and clinical guidelines. These needs can be categorized into normative needs (based on expert opinions or clinical guidelines) and expressed needs (based on individuals' perceptions of their own healthcare needs).

On the other hand, health services demand refers to the quantity of healthcare services that consumers are willing and able to pay for, given their preferences, values, and financial resources. Demand is influenced by various factors such as price, income, education level, and cultural beliefs.

It's important to note that while needs represent a population's requirement for healthcare services, demand reflects the actual utilization of these services. Understanding both health services needs and demand is crucial in planning and delivering effective healthcare services that meet the population's requirements while ensuring efficient resource allocation.

"World Health" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, it is often used in the context of global health, which can be defined as:

"The area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide. It emphasizes trans-national health issues, determinants, and solutions; involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences and engages stakeholders from across sectors and societies." (World Health Organization)

Therefore, "world health" could refer to the overall health status and health challenges faced by populations around the world. It encompasses a broad range of factors that affect the health of individuals and communities, including social, economic, environmental, and political determinants. The World Health Organization (WHO) plays a key role in monitoring and promoting global health, setting international standards and guidelines, and coordinating responses to global health emergencies.

"State Medicine" is not a term that has a widely accepted or specific medical definition. However, in general terms, it can refer to the organization, financing, and delivery of healthcare services and resources at the national or regional level, overseen and managed by the government or state. This can include public health initiatives, regulation of healthcare professionals and institutions, and the provision of healthcare services through publicly funded programs.

In some contexts, "State Medicine" may also refer to the practice of using medical treatments or interventions as a means of achieving political or social objectives, such as reducing crime rates or improving economic productivity. However, this usage is less common and more controversial.

Child health services refer to a range of medical and supportive services designed to promote the physical, mental, and social well-being of children from birth up to adolescence. These services aim to prevent or identify health problems early, provide treatment and management for existing conditions, and support healthy growth and development.

Examples of child health services include:

1. Well-child visits: Regular checkups with a pediatrician or other healthcare provider to monitor growth, development, and overall health.
2. Immunizations: Vaccinations to protect against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.
3. Screening tests: Blood tests, hearing and vision screenings, and other diagnostic tests to identify potential health issues early.
4. Developmental assessments: Evaluations of a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical development to ensure they are meeting age-appropriate milestones.
5. Dental care: Preventive dental services such as cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealants, as well as restorative care for cavities or other dental problems.
6. Mental health services: Counseling, therapy, and medication management for children experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges.
7. Nutrition counseling: Education and support to help families make healthy food choices and promote good nutrition.
8. Chronic disease management: Coordinated care for children with ongoing medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy.
9. Injury prevention: Programs that teach parents and children about safety measures to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.
10. Public health initiatives: Community-based programs that promote healthy lifestyles, provide access to healthcare services, and address social determinants of health such as poverty, housing, and education.

Public health practice is a multidisciplinary approach that aims to prevent disease, promote health, and protect communities from harmful environmental and social conditions through evidence-based strategies, programs, policies, and interventions. It involves the application of epidemiological, biostatistical, social, environmental, and behavioral sciences to improve the health of populations, reduce health disparities, and ensure equity in health outcomes. Public health practice includes a wide range of activities such as disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, health promotion, community engagement, program planning and evaluation, policy analysis and development, and research translation. It is a collaborative and systems-based approach that involves partnerships with various stakeholders, including communities, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other organizations to achieve population-level health goals.

Oral health is the scientific term used to describe the overall health status of the oral and related tissues, including the teeth, gums, palate, tongue, and mucosal lining. It involves the absence of chronic mouth and facial pain, oral and pharyngeal (throat) cancers, oral soft tissue lesions, birth defects such as cleft lip and palate, and other diseases and disorders that affect the oral cavity.

Good oral health also means being free of decay, gum disease, and other oral infections that can damage the teeth, gums, and bones of the mouth. It is essential to maintain good oral hygiene through regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups to prevent dental caries (cavities) and periodontal disease (gum disease).

Additionally, oral health is closely linked to overall health and well-being. Poor oral health has been associated with various systemic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory infections, and stroke. Therefore, maintaining good oral health can contribute to improved general health and quality of life.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

"Health personnel" is a broad term that refers to individuals who are involved in maintaining, promoting, and restoring the health of populations or individuals. This can include a wide range of professionals such as:

1. Healthcare providers: These are medical doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists, allied health professionals (like physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, dietitians, etc.), and other healthcare workers who provide direct patient care.

2. Public health professionals: These are individuals who work in public health agencies, non-governmental organizations, or academia to promote health, prevent diseases, and protect populations from health hazards. They include epidemiologists, biostatisticians, health educators, environmental health specialists, and health services researchers.

3. Health managers and administrators: These are professionals who oversee the operations, finances, and strategic planning of healthcare organizations, such as hospitals, clinics, or public health departments. They may include hospital CEOs, medical directors, practice managers, and healthcare consultants.

4. Health support staff: This group includes various personnel who provide essential services to healthcare organizations, such as medical records technicians, billing specialists, receptionists, and maintenance workers.

5. Health researchers and academics: These are professionals involved in conducting research, teaching, and disseminating knowledge related to health sciences, medicine, public health, or healthcare management in universities, research institutions, or think tanks.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines "health worker" as "a person who contributes to the promotion, protection, or improvement of health through prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, palliation, health promotion, and health education." This definition encompasses a wide range of professionals working in various capacities to improve health outcomes.

Health Priorities are key areas of focus in healthcare that receive the greatest attention, resources, and efforts due to their significant impact on overall population health. These priorities are typically determined by evaluating various health issues and factors such as prevalence, severity, mortality rates, and social determinants of health. By addressing health priorities, healthcare systems and public health organizations aim to improve community health, reduce health disparities, and enhance the quality of life for individuals. Examples of health priorities may include chronic diseases (such as diabetes or heart disease), mental health, infectious diseases, maternal and child health, injury prevention, and health promotion through healthy lifestyles.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." This definition emphasizes that health is more than just the absence of illness, but a positive state of well-being in which an individual is able to realize their own potential, cope with normal stresses of life, work productively, and contribute to their community. It recognizes that physical, mental, and social factors are interconnected and can all impact a person's overall health. This definition also highlights the importance of addressing the social determinants of health, such as poverty, education, housing, and access to healthcare, in order to promote health and prevent disease.

'Government Financing' in the context of healthcare refers to the role of government in funding healthcare services, programs, and infrastructure. This can be achieved through various mechanisms such as:

1. Direct provision of healthcare services: The government operates and funds its own hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities, where it employs healthcare professionals to deliver care.
2. Public insurance programs: The government establishes and manages health insurance programs, like Medicare and Medicaid in the United States, which provide coverage for specific populations and reimburse healthcare providers for services delivered to enrollees.
3. Tax subsidies and incentives: Governments may offer tax breaks or other financial incentives to encourage private investments in healthcare infrastructure, research, and development.
4. Grants and loans: Government agencies can provide funding to healthcare organizations, researchers, and educational institutions in the form of grants and loans for specific projects, programs, or initiatives.
5. Public-private partnerships (PPPs): Governments collaborate with private entities to jointly fund and manage healthcare services, facilities, or infrastructure projects.

Government financing plays a significant role in shaping healthcare systems and ensuring access to care for vulnerable populations. The extent of government involvement in financing varies across countries, depending on their political, economic, and social contexts.

Patient acceptance of health care refers to the willingness and ability of a patient to follow and engage in a recommended treatment plan or healthcare regimen. This involves understanding the proposed medical interventions, considering their potential benefits and risks, and making an informed decision to proceed with the recommended course of action.

The factors that influence patient acceptance can include:

1. Patient's understanding of their condition and treatment options
2. Trust in their healthcare provider
3. Personal beliefs and values related to health and illness
4. Cultural, linguistic, or socioeconomic barriers
5. Emotional responses to the diagnosis or proposed treatment
6. Practical considerations, such as cost, time commitment, or potential side effects

Healthcare providers play a crucial role in facilitating patient acceptance by clearly communicating information, addressing concerns and questions, and providing support throughout the decision-making process. Encouraging shared decision-making and tailoring care plans to individual patient needs and preferences can also enhance patient acceptance of health care.

An "Extremely Low Birth Weight" (ELBW) infant is a newborn with a birth weight below 1000 grams (2 pounds, 3 ounces), according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This classification is part of the broader category of low birth weight infants, which includes those born weighing less than 2500 grams (about 5.5 pounds). ELBW infants often face significant health challenges due to their prematurity and small size, which can include issues with breathing, feeding, temperature regulation, and potential long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. It is crucial for these infants to receive specialized care in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to optimize their chances of survival and promote healthy development.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

"Research Support as Topic" is not a specific medical term or diagnosis. However, in the context of medical literature and research, "research support" refers to the resources, funding, and infrastructure that enable and facilitate the conduct of scientific research. This can include financial support from various sources such as government agencies, private organizations, or institutions; access to laboratory facilities, equipment, and databases; and technical assistance in study design, data collection and analysis, and manuscript preparation.

When "research support" is designated as a topic in medical literature, it typically refers to articles that discuss the various aspects of research funding, ethics, and management, including best practices for grant writing, financial conflict of interest disclosures, and responsible conduct of research. It may also include studies that examine the impact of research support on the quality, quantity, and outcomes of scientific research.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Small Business" is not a medical term. It refers to a business that is independently owned and operated, with a relatively small number of employees and/or limited revenue. The exact definition can vary, as it may be defined differently depending on the industry, country, or specific legal regulations.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or healthcare in general, I would be happy to help. Please provide more information so I can better assist you.

Research, in the context of medicine, is a systematic and rigorous process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information in order to increase our understanding, develop new knowledge, or evaluate current practices and interventions. It can involve various methodologies such as observational studies, experiments, surveys, or literature reviews. The goal of medical research is to advance health care by identifying new treatments, improving diagnostic techniques, and developing prevention strategies. Medical research is typically conducted by teams of researchers including clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals. It is subject to ethical guidelines and regulations to ensure that it is conducted responsibly and with the best interests of patients in mind.

Human development in a medical context often refers to the process of physical, cognitive, and emotional growth and development that occurs from conception through adulthood. This includes the development of organs, organ systems, and bodily functions, as well as the acquisition of skills, knowledge, and social-emotional capabilities.

The medical community may also use the term "human development" to refer to the study of how genetic and environmental factors influence this growth and development over time. This field draws on insights from a range of disciplines, including genetics, neuroscience, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, among others.

It's important to note that human development is a complex and dynamic process that can be influenced by a wide range of factors, including genetics, nutrition, physical activity, stress, social support, and cultural context, among others. Understanding the many factors that contribute to healthy human development is an important goal for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers alike.

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The National Institutes of Health Clinical Research Training Program (CRTP) was a one-year education program aimed at highly ... ISBN 978-0-12-382167-6. NIH Clinical Research Training Program (National Institutes of Health, Training programs). ... In summer 2012, a new program, the NIH Medical Research Scholars Program, commenced, expanding on the aims and focus of the ... Medical Fellows Program (1984-present), the HHMI-NIH Research Scholars Program (1989-present), the Doris Duke Clinical Research ...
UK National Health Service. "National Framework for Neonatal Hearing Screening". Australian Government Department of Health and ... World Health Organization. 2016. hdl:10665/204632. ISBN 9789241510325. "EHDI Programs". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ... "NIH Fact Sheets: Newborn Hearing Screening". U.S. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2019-03-01. Wilson JMG; Jungner G ( ... "Directors of Speech and Hearing Programs in State Health and Welfare Agencies". Retrieved 2019-03-01. "Information About EHDI ...
"Medical Scientist Training Program at Mayo Clinic". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 15 February 2018. Career ... It offers graduate training in the biomedical sciences with programs for Ph.D., M.D.-Ph.D., and master's degree-seeking ... Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences is a national center of excellence for the biomedical research training of ... of Biomedical Sciences sponsors a highly-competitive Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship program at its three national ...
"Medical Scientist Training Program". National Institute of General Medical Sciences. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved ... National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 12 October 2015. Schafer AI (January 2010). "The vanishing physician-scientist?". ... or by research institutions such as the National Institutes of Health. As of 2014, the NIH counted around 9,000 NIH-funded ... who are also included by the United States National Institutes of Health in its studies of the physician-scientist workforce ( ...
National Health Statistics Reports; no. 12. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Nahin, R.L., Barnes, P.M., ... National Health Statistics Report; no. 18. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Nahin, R.L., Barnes, P.M., ... Stussman, B.J., & Bloom, B. (2009). National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health US Department of Health and Human ... The program was the first to implement the national initiative to integrate the critical scientific evaluation of CAM with ...
"Types of Grant Programs". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 13, 2018. "Distinguished Scientific Contributions to ... 1987-1997 National Institute of Mental Health MERIT Award "Awarded to investigators whose research competence and productivity ... He also took on the roles of Director of Clinical Training Programs and Director of the Center for Anxiety and Related ... At Brown, Barlow was again in charge of creating a clinical psychology internship program, which had been successful at the ...
Cole, Megan (June 28, 2014). "The Vaccines for Children Program (VFC)". National Center for Health Research. Retrieved February ... offices and public health clinics that are registered as VFC program providers. Though the National Center for Immunization and ... the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP); and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), among others. In ... creating the VFC Program; the VFC program officially became operational October 1, 1994. The Vaccines for Children program ...
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National Institutes of Health (NIH). 2015-08-30. Retrieved 2016-11-21. Catalano, Richard F.; Berglund, M. Lisa; Ryan, Jean A. M ... Gottfredson, D; Gottfredson, G (2002). "Quality of School-Based Prevention Programs: Results from a National Survey". Journal ... Universal prevention programs are offered to the general population, while selective prevention programs are intended for ... Schools that are aware of effective programs may lack funding necessary to implement the program. Should schools receive ...
Other significant affiliates include National Jewish Health and Saint Joseph Hospital. The school has admitted men and women on ... The School of Medicine offers a four-year program leading to an MD degree, and houses various graduate programs leading to the ... "Institution Detail for 2009". National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 2010-10-26 ... Both are three-year programs. The Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) awards both MD and PhD degrees. There are about 650 ...
National Institute of Mental Health; Psychopharmacology Research Branch; Division of Extramural Research Programs. pp. 218-222 ... Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; Public Health Service, Alcohol; Drug Abuse, and Mental Health ... National Institute of Mental Health. (Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2017, All articles lacking in-text ... It was developed by Early Clinical Drug Evaluation Program (ECDEU) team of researchers for use in NIMH-led clinical trials that ...
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The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, discovers ways to prevent all forms of violence against LGBT communities. ... Brooks, C. Benjamin (June 22, 2017). "LGBT Homeless Youth & Trauma-Informed Care" (PDF). National Coalition Health LGBT. ... "National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs". Anti-Violence Project. December 13, 2022. Archived from the original on May 12, ... There are many effects of violence against LGBT people on both their psychological or mental health and physical health. ...
Social programs in the United States Administration of federal assistance in the United States "National Institute on Alcohol ... It replaced four earlier grant programs legislated by the Community Mental Health Centers Act, Mental Health Systems Act, ... National Institute on Drug Abuse, and National Institute of Mental Health, the ADMS grants were administered by the Alcohol, ... National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. March 17, 2016. Burwell, Brian O.; Preston, Bonnie ...
National Institutes of Health. 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2007-09-28. "Alpha Kappa Alpha National Programs" (PDF). Alpha Kappa Alpha ... On September 1, 1945, Alpha Kappa Alpha established The National Health Office in New York City. The National Health Office ... and improve the state of health programs at historically Black Colleges and Universities. The National Health Office was ... "On the Road to Better Health in Mississippi". National Institutes of Health. 2006-01-15. Archived from the original on ...
"NIH continues its commitment to high risk-high reward research". National Institutes of Health (NIH). September 30, 2015. "NSF ... "Cui, Bianxiao". Packard Fellow program. "Bianxiao Cui". Searle Scholars Program. "Biophysical Society names 2018 award ... "Bianxiao Cui , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke". www.ninds.nih.gov. Hanson, Lindsey; Zhao, Wenting; Lou ... recipients". EurekAlert!. "Barany award announcement" (PDF). "NIH Director's New Innovator Award Program - 2012 Award ...
"National Fish Health Centers". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved ... "Hatchery production and stocking of woundfin and Virgin River chub". Virgin River Program. Retrieved May 5, 2012. "USFWS Fish ... "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010. "National ... There is also a National Fish Health Center on the southwest side of Bozeman, near Montana State University, about 7 miles (11 ...
... graduate programs and health professional schools such as nursing or medicine. The Medical Research Scholars Program is a year- ... The NIH Clinical Center is a hospital solely dedicated to clinical research at the National Institutes of Health campus in ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. Official website Warlow, Rebecca (August ... "Beacon of Hope" (PDF). Office of History, National Institutes of Health. Retrieved February 1, 2015. "Accomplishments at ...
"Human Immunome Program". clinicaltrials.gov. US National Institute of Health. Retrieved 1 May 2020. El-Chemaly, Souheil; Cheung ... National Institutes of Health in the Department of Health and Human Services http://www.iedb.org/. {{cite web}}: Missing or ... This project is entitled the Human Immunome Program and its goal is to decipher the complete collection of B and T immune cell ... The results of the program will be shared as an open-sourced database. The sequencing project will continue until no new unique ...
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (2012). "Respiratory Diseases Input: Occupational Risks". NIOSH Program ... National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (2009). "Who Is at Risk for Bronchitis?". National Institutes of Health. Archived from ... Villarroel, MA; Blackwell, DL; Jen, A (2019), "Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey, 2018" (PDF), ftp. ... "Ambient (outdoor) air quality and health". who.int. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2019. "Protecting workers' health". who.int. ...
"Kiecolt-Glaser Offers New Paradigm on How Stress Kills". National Institute of Health. Retrieved 2019-04-22. "Neurotree - ... "Psychoneuroimmunology Research Program". pni.osumc.edu. Retrieved 2020-01-12. "Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, Ph.D. Contributor". www. ... Kiecolt-Glaser has served on eleven journal's editorial boards and she has been recognized for her contributions to Health ... Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., & Newton, T. L. (2001). Marriage and health: his and hers. Psychological Bulletin, 127(4), 472-503. ...
National Health Research Institutes. 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2023. "Pediatrics: Program Graduates". UCLA Health. 20 ... National Taiwan University. August 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2023. "Mei-Hwei Chang, M.D." (PDF). ... Chang graduated from the National Taiwan University College of Medicine, completed fellowship training in pediatric ... National Taiwan University alumni, Members of Academia Sinica, TWAS fellows, Taiwanese women physicians, 1949 births, Academic ...
The Center for Ecogenetics and Environmental Health, University of Washington, 1/2014. Emily Balskus, 2019 Blavatnik National ... National Academy of Sciences 2012 - NIH Director's New Innovator Award 2012 - Searle Scholars Program Ehrenberg, Rachel (2018- ... "NIH Director's New Innovator Award Recipients". National Institutes of Health. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2020. " ... "National Science Foundation Alan T. Waterman Award". "Emily Balskus wins Blavatnik Award for Young Scientists". c&en. Retrieved ...
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK). British Psychological Society (UK). 2011. PMID 22624177. Bøg, Martin; ... Alcoholics Anonymous is the largest of all of the twelve-step programs (from which all other twelve-step programs are derived ... Twelve-step programs are international mutual aid programs supporting recovery from substance addictions, behavioral addictions ... Kurtz LF, Chambon A (1987). "Comparison of self-help groups for mental health". Health & Social Work. 12 (4): 275-83. doi: ...
... "health-promoting schools", which would enhance school health programs at all levels including: local, regional, national, and ... physical health, social health, emotional health, intellectual health, and spiritual health, as well as sexual and reproductive ... Health Promoting School,Health Promoting School Mallow, school health. [online] Glantane National School. Available at: [ ... Health Education and Health Promotion. Planning, Implementing, & Evaluating Health Promotion Programs. (pp. 3-4). 5th edition. ...
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NCCAM also funds education and outreach programs. Despite the negative findings on the effectiveness of distance healing, NCCAM ... "National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health - Organization". The NIH Almanac - National Institutes of Health (NIH ... Helene Langevin director of the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health". NIH National Center for ... The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is a United States government agency which explores ...
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. National Toxicology Program (2016). Report on Carcinogens, fourteenth ... 0133". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "ß-Chloroprene". Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health ... According to the National Fire Protection Association's rating system, chloroprene is designated with a category 2 health ... 0133". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). IARC Monograph "Chloroprene." [1] [2] Archived 2018-11-27 ...
"Students to Service Program". National Health Service Corps official site v t e (Articles needing additional references from ... The National Health Service Corps (NHSC) is part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, division of ... Bureau of Health Workforce. Members are health professionals providing primary health care services in underserved communities ... The loan repayment program works similarly, but students apply for the program after school and the NHSC repays up to $50,000 ...
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Physicians for a National Health Program official website (Articles with ISNI identifiers, Medical and health organizations ... Woolhandler, Steffie; Himmelstein, David U. (1987). "Physicians for a National Health Program". International Journal of Health ... and health professionals that supports a universal, comprehensive single-payer national health insurance program. Since being ... Physicians for a National Health Program (PNHP) is an advocacy organization of more than 20,000 American physicians, medical ...
The mission of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is to discover how the environment affects people in ... Health & Education * * Health & Education * Brochures & Fact Sheets If you are giving a presentation about an environmental ... The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific ... NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in ...
The mission of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is to discover how the environment affects people in ... Health & Education * * Health & Education * Brochures & Fact Sheets If you are giving a presentation about an environmental ... The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific ... NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in ...
This program is concerned with strengthening the theoretical and empirical base for mental health services research by ... National Institutes of Health (NIH) NIH Virtual Tour U.S. Department of Health and Human Services USA.gov ... The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is part of NIH, a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ... Mail: National Institute of Mental Health Office of Science Policy, Planning, and Communications 6001 Executive Boulevard, MSC ...
... the Heart Foundation is implementing Phase 2 of the program with over 200 practices enrolled ... Following the success of the National Heart Health Check Recall Pilot in 2021, ... The activity is funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health, as part of the Public Health and Chronic Disease program. ... Following the success of the National Heart Health Check Recall Pilot in 2021, the Heart Foundation is implementing Phase 2 of ...
NDEP is a joint program of NIH, CDC and Prevention magazine. ... a joint program of the National Institutes of Health and the ... Linda Siminerio to chair National Diabetes Education Program. NDEP Director Linda Siminerio, R.N., Ph.D. ... About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nations medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers ... Linda Siminerio, R.N., Ph.D., has been named the new chair of the National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), ...
... program assessed how appropriate, effective, efficient and impactful the programs have been. ... The independent evaluation of the National Psychosocial Support Measure (NPS-M) and Continuity of Support (CoS) ... Evaluation of National Psychosocial Support programs report. Download [Publication] Evaluation of National Psychosocial Support ... Evaluation of National Psychosocial Support Programs: Final Report , Evaluation of National Psychosocial Support programs ...
National CHW schemes are an increasingly important tool for achieving universal health coverage and ending maternal and child ... The National Village Health Guide Scheme in India: lessons four decades later for community health worker programs today and ... the World Health Assembly have strongly endorsed the value of national CHW programs and their integration into national health ... 2 Department of International Health, Health Systems Program, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, ...
Representatives from the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) will be in Janse Hallway to answer questions about ... Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program. March 5, 2024 9:00 am - 2:00 pm ... Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program. Need Help Paying Your Energy Bill? ...
While that program is important in its own right, this week I am writing a series of posts considering what the 43 year old ... I wrote an overview post on the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that is linked below; read that first. ... history of the NFIP could mean for health policy, with special emphasis ... I wrote an overview post on the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that is linked below; read that first. While that ...
2024 National Health Law Program , Privacy Policy , Accessibility Policy , Disclaimer: Our employees are NOT acting as your ... a national philanthropic organization committed to advancing health equity,… ... AMICUS: J.R. v. Horizon NJ Health, New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division. Litigation Team Cases ...
National Farmworker Womens Health Week is a public awareness campaign aimed at increasing public consciousness and ... The goal is to create a lasting conversation about the health issues facing farmworker women as well as support for programs ... Farmworker women deserve equality (Pay gap, healthcare-mental health, workplace harassment). GET INVOLVED!. Sign up and receive ... Pesticide exposure can harm the health of farmworker women and their unborn children ...
Amita Health Goes Fully Virtual for their 6th Annual National Arts Program Exhibit. ... The National Arts Program is pleased to provide materials and funding for this visual art exhibit including awards totaling $ ... The National Arts Program® Foundation \ 101 Church Street \ Unit 20 \ Malvern, PA 19355 ... The AMITA Health NAP Exhibit is held in Hinsdale, Illinois. Artists invited to participate in this exhibition include AMITA ...
The National Biosecurity Response Team (NBRT) is a group of trained and experienced personnel that may be deployed to assist a ... Animal health surveillance *Enhanced Surveillance for Significant Exotic Diseases of Pigs. *Maintaining access to arbovirus ... Animal Health Australia manages the NBRT outside of biosecurity response activities. During a biosecurity response, NBRT ... National Biosecurity Response Team Arrangements (2017-2019) Interstate Deployment Arrangements Exercises and workshops ...
Insights From the National Football League Occupational Health Program. This study, the fourth published peer-reviewed paper ... By analyzing the specific Ct values of viral samples over the course of the program, the league was able to recognize signs of ... NFL and the NFL shield design are registered trademarks of the National Football League. The team names, logos and uniform ... All other NFL-related trademarks are trademarks of the National Football League. NFL footage © NFL Productions LLC. ...
Public Health Policy and Programs. National Indian Health Board. 50 F St NW, Suite 600. Washington, DC 20001. Phone: 202-507- ... Role of the National Indian Health Board. The NDWP has contracted with the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) to support ... National Indian Health Board. 50 F St NW, Suite 600 , Washington, DC 20001 , Phone: 202-507-4070 , Email: [email protected] ... Program Highlights , Resources , News and Alerts Using Traditional Foods and Sustainable Ecological Approaches for Health ...
The NCMRR mission is to foster the development of scientific knowledge needed to enhance the health, productivity, independence ... US Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Directory Follow follow us on Facebook follow us on X ... National Advisory Child Health and Human Development (NACHHD) Council * Current Council Meeting ... Implementation of community wellness programs and alternate delivery systems. *Assessment of long-term health consequences, ...
Back to the tool Performance Monitoring Tool for the National Expanded Program on Immunization: ... Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization © Pan American Health Organization. All rights reserved. ... Agenda for national level workshops. *Performance Monitoring Tool for the National Expanded Program on Immunization - Annex 11 ... Guidelines to conduct the national level workshops. *Performance Monitoring Tool for the National Expanded Program on ...
National Institutes of Health. Audit of National Institutes of Healths Cybersecurity Provisions and Related Efforts to the ... Audit of National Institutes of Healths Cybersecurity Provisions and Related Efforts to the Grant Program. The purpose of this ... The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is comprised of 27 separate components called Institutes and Centers and is the primary ... Federal agency responsible for conducting and supporting biomedical research for the purpose of enhancing health, lengthening ...
Technical Assistance for State Mental Health Agencies * NASMHPDs Center for Innovation in Health Policy and Practice * TIC ... cooccurring mental health and substance related disorders, or other conditions that may co-occur with mental health, across all ... Crisis Now: Dedicated to Transforming Mental Health Crisis Systems * 988 - Transforming Crisis Systems Resources ... and resiliency for individuals with mental health conditions, ... NASMHPDs Center for Innovation in Health Policy and Practice * ...
One mentor at a National Institutes of Health (NIH) intramural campuses, such as Bethesda, MD; Durham, NC; Phoenix, AZ; or ... May partner the OxCam Program with other scholarship programs, such as Rhodes, Gates-Cambridge, or Marshall ... Is derived and driven by the program scholar. *Conducted in both the NIH and U.K. laboratories (time split evenly between both) ... Receives tuition and stipend support, based on NIH policy, for the duration of the program (approximately 4 yrs.) ...
National Suicide Prevention Office About the National Suicide Prevention Office National Suicide and Self-Harm Monitoring ... National Research Strategy Mentally Healthy Workplaces Childrens Mental Health and Wellbeing Strategy Vision 2030 National ... National Reports Fifth Plan Spotlight Reports Submissions Position Statements More Initiatives Monitoring & Reporting Framework ... MakingTime: Summer Program. Australians living with a mental illness and their carers have told us that the one thing that has ...
This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) using key performance indicators. Of ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. National Bowel Cancer Screening Program monitoring report 2022. AIHW, 2022. doi: ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2022, National Bowel Cancer Screening Program monitoring report 2022, AIHW, Canberra ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) National Bowel Cancer Screening Program monitoring report 2022, AIHW, ...
... health protection and health promotion; (4) nutrition and food service; (5) facilities, supplies, equipment, and ... The standards are intended to guide a wide audience such as caregivers, public health professionals, licensing agencies, ... The health and safety standards presented in this document represent the consensus of many practitioners about good practice in ... National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs. ...
National School Lunch Program. Background. The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is a federally funded meal program ... As mandated by both state (Minnesota Food Code) and federal law, the Minnesota Department of Health and its Delegated Agencies ... Local Public Health Authorities) conduct food inspections annually. They report and share inspection results with the Minnesota ...
Policy - National Program for Environmental Health. PDF versionExporter au format CSV ... Health: Executive Environmental Agency, Ministry of environment and water of Bulgaria, Ministry of Health, National Center of ...
... create opportunities for scientists and institutions otherwise unlikely to participate extensively in NIH research programs. ... The mission of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) is to transform, through technology ... Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP) for Health Professional Schools and Graduate Schools (R15 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) ... Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP) for Health Professional Schools and Graduate Schools (R15 Clinical Trial Not Allowed ...
  • The Native Diabetes Wellness Program (NDWP), Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, works with a growing circle of partners throughout Indian Country using Indigenous and western science to promote culturally-appropriate type 2 diabetes prevention programs in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. (nihb.org)
  • The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is a federally funded meal program operating in learning institutions (public and nonprofit private schools), and other designated institutions (childcare, juvenile detention centers, board and lodging institutions, single family homes, etc). (mn.us)
  • Federation for International Cooperation of Health Services and Systems Research Centers. (who.int)
  • Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NRC review of One Health. (cdc.gov)
  • Timely referral to health centers for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: IraPEN national program. (bvsalud.org)
  • The National E-Health Program established into 4/3/2013 within the Ministry of Public Health with the aim of developing the health sector and enhancing the quality of health care through the use of ICT. (moph.gov.lb)
  • Ministry of Health and Social Affairs. (who.int)
  • Evaluation is recognized by its potential to contribute to take decision and to make health policy, taking into account that the Ministry of Health uses as its program policy the NTCP. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ministry of Health, National Program of Nutrition, UNICEF. (who.int)
  • Ethics approval by the RACGP National Research and Evaluation Ethics Committee was received in May 2022 (NRECC 22-122). (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • HOUSTON (Nov. 15, 2022) - Harris Health System recently received a silver badge award for Health Center Quality Leader from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), a division of the U.S. Health and Human Services Department, for the system's Healthcare for the Homeless Program. (harrishealth.org)
  • The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is a unique public resource for health information. (cdc.gov)
  • NCHS data are used to create a basis for comparisons between population groups or geographic areas as well as an understanding of how trends in health change and develop over time. (cdc.gov)
  • As the Nation's principal health statistics agency, NCHS provides statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of the American people. (cdc.gov)
  • NCHS represents an investment in broad-based, fundamental public systems were used to monitor welfare reform goals, health and health policy statistics that meet the needs including reduction in out-of-wedlock births. (cdc.gov)
  • The next application period for many of these programs will open in early 2018. (wsha.org)
  • The Department of Health had a Php 7.4 billion budget for its national immunization program in 2018. (gov.ph)
  • In this study, compliance was defined as timely referral to the health center as scheduled, and the researchers approached four pilot sites of IraPEN from March 2016 to March 2018. (bvsalud.org)
  • TAMPA - In an effort to strengthen the U.S. public health system, three national philanthropic nonprofits have awarded the University of South Florida more than $8.5 million in grants to train the nation's public health leaders in collaboration and leadership skills. (usf.edu)
  • The activity is funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health, as part of the Public Health and Chronic Disease program. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • International Journal of Health Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Has the approach to integration of NPS-M and CoS support with other clinical and non-clinical services assisted consumers to access effective care and reduce demand for acute health services? (health.gov.au)
  • It is through listening to those providing services, those who fund services, and most importantly, those who use services that we will find the information we need to move towards the mental health system Australia needs. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • The Commission is committed to embracing diversity and eliminating all forms of discrimination in the provision of health services. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Maternal and Child Health Services. (ed.gov)
  • This website is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as part of an award totaling $1,916,466 with 5% financed with non-governmental sources. (ncfh.org)
  • Regardless of where a homeless individual may enter into our 'circle of care,' he or she will be able to connect to all the services that we provide within the homeless program and also within Harris Health,' she says. (harrishealth.org)
  • Burdine says the homeless program offers robust services in medicine, dental, mental health, substance use disorder and vision. (harrishealth.org)
  • The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) awards are part of the agency's Community Health Quality Recognition program to highlight notable quality improvements in areas of access, quality, health equity, health information technology and COVID-19 public health emergency response. (harrishealth.org)
  • An Approach to planning the delivery of health care services. (who.int)
  • Our team conducts an exam that looks at spe help design health programs and services, and cial health topics. (cdc.gov)
  • Talk sexual health services with other STD prevention professionals. (cdc.gov)
  • He said the equipment will facilitate the availability of real-time data on health services. (who.int)
  • This survey became part of the Canadian Community Health Survey (number 3226) for reference year 2000. (gc.ca)
  • A national strategy and plan of action for achieving health for all Filipinos by the year 2000 : partnership through primary health care. (who.int)
  • Since being co-founded in 1987 by physicians David Himmelstein and Steffie Woolhandler, PNHP has advocated for reform in the U.S. health care system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before joining Dr. Resnik at NIEHS for this program, Ana assisted in research projects regarding the examination of legal and ethical issues related to preclinical diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease, and developing research projects relating to long-term care provision for cognitively impaired individuals. (nih.gov)
  • And people who live in these communities may have limited access to healthy food, health care, or safe places for physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Known as Text to Detect, this is the largest quality improvement program of its kind in Australian primary care. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • In the meantime, we encourage all practices to use the Heart Health Check Toolkit's easy-to-use templates and practical resources to integrate Heart Health Checks into routine patient care. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • The Department of Health and Aged Care acknowledges the traditional owners of country throughout Australia, and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. (health.gov.au)
  • The Commission has launched #MakingTime - a national conversation championed by people living with mental illness, and those who care for them, to support each other's mental health and wellbeing over summer, after a year of unprecedented challenges. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • #MakingTime calls on those living with mental illness, those who care for them, and those experiencing mental distress to share their first-hand stories on what has helped them on their toughest days, and how they will be making time to care for their mental health over summer and the festive season. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • We acknowledge the individual and collective contributions of those with a lived and living experience of mental ill-health and suicide, and those who love, have loved and care for them. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs. (ed.gov)
  • The health and safety standards presented in this document represent the consensus of many practitioners about good practice in child care. (ed.gov)
  • Initially focused on health and health care, the programs have been expanded because the foundation knows that building a Culture of Health requires all of us in every sector, profession and discipline to work together. (wsha.org)
  • The grant is in response to a badly depleted, post-pandemic public health care workforce where workers are understaffed, overworked, and in dire need of strong leadership. (usf.edu)
  • The great care we provide our homeless patients from primary to specialty care is remarkable,' says Dr. Esmaeil Porsa, president and CEO, Harris Health. (harrishealth.org)
  • Welfare Reform and Out-of-Wedlock Birth Data-- aspects of health care. (cdc.gov)
  • Tracking change in health and health care, particu intake and folate in their blood levels. (cdc.gov)
  • Data from the National Health Interview Survey of health care provides, and States. (cdc.gov)
  • Section 308(d) of that law (42 USC 242m) and the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 USC 552A) prohibit us from The survey exam does not replace regular giving out information that identifies you or your health care. (cdc.gov)
  • 16 primary health care facilities in Islamabad Capital Territory will benefit from the donation. (who.int)
  • Washington State Hospital Association Director of Rural Health Programs Jacqueline Barton True has been selected to join Culture of Health Leaders: a program co-led by the National Collaborative for Health Equity and CommonHealth ACTION with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (wsha.org)
  • We're excited to welcome the second cohort of Culture of Health Leaders, who are authentically engaging with communities to elevate their voices and create an equitable, healthy nation," said Brian Smedley, Culture of Health Leaders co-director and executive director and co-founder of the National Collaborative for Health Equity. (wsha.org)
  • NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS has a goal to ensure job opportunities and career enhancements programs for both our work force and our community. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (nih.gov)
  • Download or play NIEHS Health Chat's with a wide range of experts and topics. (nih.gov)
  • Find out about the exciting discoveries being made by NIEHS and NIEHS-supported researchers that are helping to improve health and save lives. (nih.gov)
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and well-being of people everywhere. (nih.gov)
  • The group is best known for its influential proposals for national health insurance, which have been published in the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, and the American Journal of Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Journal of Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • People from many backgrounds can play a role in redevelopment projects, including public and environmental health professionals, community planners and developers, people who work for community organizations, and community members. (cdc.gov)
  • National Farmworker Women's Health Week is a public awareness campaign aimed at increasing public consciousness and understanding of the health risks farmworker women face, and as an extension, their families from working in the fields. (afop.org)
  • National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program Week: We Track That! (cdc.gov)
  • American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. (ed.gov)
  • The standards are intended to guide a wide audience such as caregivers, public health professionals, licensing agencies, departments of education, and parents. (ed.gov)
  • As mandated by both state (Minnesota Food Code) and federal law, the Minnesota Department of Health and its Delegated Agencies (Local Public Health Authorities) conduct food inspections annually. (mn.us)
  • Our public health leaders and managers need to foster a community where there is open and honest, true collaboration amongst its members," said Triparna de Vreede , an expert in collaboration science and organizational psychology in the USF Muma College of Business and one of the co-investigators of the project. (usf.edu)
  • We need to build regenerative leaders in the public health space to utilize all the assets in the community," de Vreede said, who serves as an associate director in the School of Information Systems and Management. (usf.edu)
  • Led by Marissa Levine , a USF professor of public health practice and the principal investigator, the grant will establish the national program office for the P ublic Hea lth R egenerative Le adership S ynergy, dubbed PHEARLESS, within the Center for Leadership in Public Health Practice in the USF College of Public Health. (usf.edu)
  • Another co-investigator on the grant is Jennifer Marshall , an associate professor in the USF College of Public Health. (usf.edu)
  • The PHEARLESS initiative is being funded by The Kresge Foundation , the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation , and the de Beaumont Foundation in an effort to strengthen the nation's public health system. (usf.edu)
  • Nearly half of U.S. state and local healthcare workers left their jobs between 2017 and 2021, exacerbating an existing workforce shortage, according to a data analysis of the Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey, conducted by the de Beaumont Foundation and the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (usf.edu)
  • The one-year leadership development training is open to public health professionals from across the country. (usf.edu)
  • Each team consists of two public health professionals and two community leaders. (usf.edu)
  • PHEARLESS is unique in that it gives public health department leaders an opportunity to reimagine their roles in creating healthy communities that are community-led and centered in equality, organizers said. (usf.edu)
  • We really need to think differently about how we approach leadership in public health and what are we going to do about assuring more equitable outcomes in health and communities," Levine said. (usf.edu)
  • The College of Public Health will also partner with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials , the Big Cities Health Coalition , and the National Association of County and City Officials as an interdisciplinary support network. (usf.edu)
  • Statistics inform the public about current public health challenges and provide an understanding for existing problems. (cdc.gov)
  • Data from the National and State vital statistics in public health and health policy. (cdc.gov)
  • Essential drugs : the report of an international workshop held at the Nordic School of Public Health, Gèoteborg, Sweden, June 9-19, 1986 / edited by Frants StaugÊard. (who.int)
  • We conclude that velop a strategic roadmap for public and private policies although One Health themes have been included through- and initiatives that will, in turn, be instrumental in shaping out numerous IOM and NRC publications, identified gaps the implementation of the One Health vision, both domesti- remain that may warrant targeted studies related to the One cally and internationally" ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • National Prevention Information Network Connecting public health professionals with trusted information and each other. (cdc.gov)
  • Front Public Health;11: 1098312, 2023. (bvsalud.org)
  • School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (bvsalud.org)
  • National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Washington, DC. (ed.gov)
  • She will join leaders from across the country to collaborate and innovate to solve persistent challenges and advance a Culture of Health: one that places well-being at the center of every aspect of life. (wsha.org)
  • Program partners providing training and coaching to leaders include: American Planning Association, Build Healthy Places Network, Center for Creative Leadership, Institute for Alternative Futures and Leadership Learning Community. (wsha.org)
  • Agriculture and the National Center for Environmental designed sample of people living in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Mongolia : health sector review, July 1993. (who.int)
  • According to the program's 2014 Annual Report , "health and safety issues generated 20% of valid complaints. (ncfh.org)
  • Objective: To conduct a survey on national databases about Oral Health Program (OHP) publications in schools, in the last eleven years. (bvsalud.org)
  • The compliance rate with scheduled programs for cardiovascular preventive strategies was very low, and high- risk individuals were less compliant, regardless of their high level of risk factors . (bvsalud.org)
  • If you are giving a presentation about an environmental health topic or just looking for general information about environmental health research or the institute, this webpage will help. (nih.gov)
  • Having assisted in research that varied from decision making processes to eyewitness identification, Jennifer continues her research here at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. (nih.gov)
  • She serves on the Student Advisory Committee for the Emory Global Health Initiative to promote international research projects and is also an advocate for global environmental health and human rights. (nih.gov)
  • TSDR's Environmental Health and Land Reuse (EHLR) Certificate Training is a free course created in collaboration with the National Environmental Health Association. (cdc.gov)
  • Evaluating Environmental and Health Risks, 3. (cdc.gov)
  • Communicating Environmental and Health Risks, 4. (cdc.gov)
  • Senior leadership must ensure that human resource activities, personnel benefit designs, occupational health and safety policies, environmental health, wellness programs and practices, and disability management are integrated and coordinated. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Leadership behavior directly communicates the critical importance of policies, programs, and practices designed to optimize the health and productivity of the workforce. (nationalacademies.org)
  • health and productivity of the workforce must be addressed, monitored, and improved over time. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Defining the integrated health process through defining the value of an optimally functioning workforce to the achievement of the organizational mission ensures that this linkage has already occurred. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Programs that experience long-term success and are consistently recognized as "best practice" programs share a set of common characteristics. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Following the success of the National Heart Health Check Recall Pilot in 2021, the Heart Foundation is implementing Phase 2 of the program with over 200 practices enrolled. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • Raise awareness about the amazing contributions farmworker women have given to society while facing daily challenges due to inequity in access to health, wages, education, and more. (afop.org)
  • Raise awareness and provide education on the devastating health effects that farmworker women face due to pesticide exposure, especially during pregnancy. (afop.org)
  • The goal is to create a lasting conversation about the health issues facing farmworker women as well as support for programs and efforts that work to educate and mitigate those health problems, thus improving overall farmworker women's health education via a virtual format. (afop.org)
  • One of the biggest issues that affect farmworker health and safety is application and management of pesticides. (ncfh.org)
  • MakingTime has been developed in collaboration with people with a lived experience of mental illness, their carers, and with our country's leading mental health organisations. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • T his chapter describes the best principles and practices of organizational and management activities needed by any organization to implement a new paradigm for integrated health and performance. (nationalacademies.org)
  • In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to implementation of the One Health paradigm shift. (cdc.gov)
  • Universal Health Coverage (UHC) initiative. (who.int)
  • Through this grant, USF leaders will lead a one-year training program and distribute $100,000 grants to help organizations participating in the program. (usf.edu)
  • The Commission plays an ongoing role in collaborating across the sector to drive system improvements and play a key role in monitoring and reporting on mental health reform. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • This summer, the Commission is asking Australians to share how they will be making time to look after their mental health during the holiday period. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • In a year where we have all been challenged in different ways, those living with mental ill health, mental distress or impacted by trauma can not only help others in a similar situation understand how to prioritise their mental health and wellbeing but can help them appreciate the need to make time for the things that help us respond to daily challenges. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • We can all learn some helpful and insightful lessons from fellow Australians about how to make time for our mental health and wellbeing. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • We are looking for your support to get involved and encourage Australians to deliberately make time for what helps them in difficult moments and to share how they are #MakingTime to look after their mental health. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • Each person's journey is unique and a valued contribution to Australia's commitment to mental health suicide prevention systems reform. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • But feeling very sad, hopeless or worthless could be warning signs of a mental health problem. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mental health problems are real, painful, and sometimes severe. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mental health problems can be treated. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Have the NPS-M and CoS programs been implemented as planned and what are the lessons from the implementation? (health.gov.au)
  • In keeping with this role, NIHB will develop a report outlining successful strategies and lessons learned for use by the NDWP to sustain these efforts and share program findings with other interested Tribal programs. (nihb.org)
  • While that program is important in its own right, this week I am writing a series of posts considering what the 43 year old history of the NFIP could mean for health policy, with special emphasis on Medicare. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • In both programs there is have been policy goals related to premiums that have been hard to achieve. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • Receives tuition and stipend support, based on NIH policy, for the duration of the program (approximately 4 yrs. (nih.gov)
  • National policy for health, social, labor and environment affairs. (who.int)
  • These indicators can represent the operation of the program by the way the established results as goals or the indicators that we wait as a good job of the program. (bvsalud.org)
  • The same way, the process indicators should reveal the way of program operation, in the actions execution considered basic to its performance, and to reach the success in tuberculosis control. (bvsalud.org)
  • This report highlights opportunities for health department infectious disease programs to address a range of drug user health issues, identifies potential collaborators and provides recommendations for health department programs to consider to best meet the comprehensive health needs of people who inject drugs. (cdc.gov)
  • Additionally, PNHP performs research on the health crisis and the need for fundamental reform, coordinates speakers and forums, participates in town hall meetings and debates, contributes scholarly articles to peer-reviewed medical journals, and appears regularly on national television and news programs advocating for a single-payer system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this article is to give a general to discuss in a theoretic-methodological point of view of the program evaluation, using epidemiology as a tool for this assay. (bvsalud.org)
  • Harris Health's program is also helping patients manage their chronic diseases of hypertension, cardiovascular and diabetes. (harrishealth.org)
  • This study aimed to determine the rate of compliance and related factors among individuals participating in the IraPEN program for the prevention of cardiovascular disease . (bvsalud.org)
  • The group is also known for its members' substantial contributions to scientific research on the uninsured, health system economics and international health systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The independent evaluation of the National Psychosocial Support Measure (NPS-M) and Continuity of Support (CoS) program assessed how appropriate, effective, efficient and impactful the programs have been. (health.gov.au)
  • The NDWP has contracted with the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) to support Traditional Foods grantees in their promotion of traditional healthy foods, increased physical activity, and strengthened social networks to reduce type 2 diabetes-related health disparities in their communities. (nihb.org)
  • NIHB can conduct conference calls, webinars and specialized workshops covering a range of topics to support the sharing of grantee's innovative strategies to increase accessibility of traditional healthy foods in their communities, preserving traditional ways of health, and sharing stories of hope for preventing obesity and type 2 diabetes. (nihb.org)
  • If you are experiencing mental ill health we encourage you to reach out for support on your recovery journey. (mentalhealthcommission.gov.au)
  • I'm honored to be selected for this program and bring support for this meaningful work to Washington state," Barton True said. (wsha.org)
  • Selected teams will receive a $100,000 grant to support their activities to improve the public's health and $9,000 stipends for each of the two community leaders. (usf.edu)
  • The infrastructure, broadly defined as the personnel, technology, and information needed to support the integrated health effort, should be defined and appropriately supported as a "mission-critical" requirement. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Tracey Burdine, director, Healthcare for the Homeless Program, Harris Health, credits her team of providers, nurses and support staff for the achievements. (harrishealth.org)
  • The DG Health expressed his gratitude to WHO Pakistan for providing timely support. (who.int)
  • The Fair Food Program is unique, Lupe explains, "because workers create the code of conduct. (ncfh.org)
  • The FFP worker-written code of conduct states that "Participating Growers will provide a safe and healthy working environment for their Qualifying Workers and, working with the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW), develop and implement a Worker Health and Safety process through which Qualifying Workers are able to offer the Participating Grower their input and perspective on health and safety issues in a regular and structured manner. (ncfh.org)
  • Over the last 2 decades, tionally, and globally--to attain optimal health for people, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research animals and our environment. (cdc.gov)
  • Your community can also explore free Land Reuse Toolkits tailored to meet the needs of community champions and planners, developers, health professionals, and more. (cdc.gov)
  • Want to improve the health of your community? (cdc.gov)
  • Want to improve your HIV program? (cdc.gov)
  • As part of the program, Barton True will focus her work on building Washington's rural communities and advancing health equity across the state. (wsha.org)
  • This post will focus on the role of the federal government and private insurance companies in the NFIP and the Medicare Advantage program . (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • The Medicare Advantage Program provides an option whereby beneficiaries can choose private insurance plans in lieu of traditional Medicare as their health insurer. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
  • Physicians for a National Health Program (PNHP) is an advocacy organization of more than 20,000 American physicians, medical students, and health professionals that supports a universal, comprehensive single-payer national health insurance program. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organization and its members work to educate physicians and other health professionals about the benefits of a single-payer system, including fewer administrative costs and affording health insurance for the millions of Americans who have none. (wikipedia.org)
  • Material and Methods: A survey was conducted in two main bases of national publications in the field of dentistry: Bireme and Scielo. (bvsalud.org)
  • The EHLR Training increases capacity of communities and professionals to collaborate on health-focused land reuse. (cdc.gov)
  • This work proposes an evaluation of a methodological point of view of health program, especially, the National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTCP) in Brazil. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion: In the national scientific literature, there are few publications about the subject in question, suggesting that the successful experiences about OHP in schools must be published to be replicated in other parts of Brazil. (bvsalud.org)
  • The 40 selected leaders join the efforts of the first cohort of Culture of Health Leaders and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to build a Culture of Health. (wsha.org)
  • To learn more about the Land Reuse Program and find helpful resources, go to atsdr.cdc.gov/sites/brownfields. (cdc.gov)
  • over 42,000 Australians received personalised Recall SMS and access to digital health resources. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • Eligible patients who are recipients of the recall and/o reminder SMS will receive an embedded link to access preventative health resources, designed to increase their understanding of CVD risk factors and the Heart Health Check. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • Allocating sufficient resources to the integrated health effort consequently becomes a " must have " rather than a " nice to have . (nationalacademies.org)