Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.
Adverse or favorable selection bias exhibited by insurers or enrollees resulting in disproportionate enrollment of certain groups of people.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.
An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Insurance providing a broad range of medical services and supplies, when prescribed by a physician, whether or not the patient is hospitalized. It frequently is an extension of a basic policy and benefits will not begin until the basic policy is exhausted.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.
Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of any occupational or work activity for remedial purposes.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.
State-provided health insurance marketplaces established under the PATIENT PROTECTION AND AFFORDABLE CARE ACT.
Size and composition of the family.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Tax on the net income of an individual, organization, or business.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.
Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Insurance providing benefits for the costs of care by a physician which can be comprehensive or limited to surgical expenses or for care provided only in the hospital. It is frequently called "regular medical expense" or "surgical expense".
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The status of health in rural populations.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Programs in which participation is required.
Tax-exempt trusts or custodial accounts established by individuals with financial institutions for saving money for future medical expenses.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
All organized methods of funding.
A shared service which combines the purchasing power of individual organizations or facilities in order to obtain lower prices for equipment and supplies. (From Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Cost-sharing mechanisms that provide for payment by the insured of some portion of covered expenses. Deductibles are the amounts paid by the insured under a health insurance contract before benefits become payable; coinsurance is the provision under which the insured pays part of the medical bill, usually according to a fixed percentage, when benefits become payable.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The status of health in urban populations.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.

Moving Medicare to the FEHBP model, or how to make an elephant fly. (1/93)

Transforming Medicare into a Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP)-type program holds the promise of more choice, lower costs (in the long term), and higher quality--a fine concept that will collapse in its implementation unless at least three conditions are met. (1) Congress gets the regulatory structure right and then refrains from annual tinkering, (2) Congress does not set unrealistic expectations regarding "cost savings," especially if a prescription drug benefit is added, and (3) administrative agency staff have the requisite training and a "privatizing" orientation. Given Medicare's history and the "Medicare-industrial complex," none of those conditions is likely to be met.  (+info)

Tax subsidies for health insurance: costs and benefits. (2/93)

The continued rise in the uninsured population has lead to considerable interest in tax-based policies to raise the level of insurance coverage. Using a detailed microsimulation model for evaluating these policies, we find that while tax subsidies could significantly increase insurance coverage, even very generous tax policies could not cover more than a sizable minority of the uninsured population. For example, a generous refundable credit that costs $13 billion per year would reduce the ranks of the uninsured by only four million persons. We also find that the efficiency of tax policies, in terms of the cost per newly insured, inevitably would fall as more of the uninsured were covered.  (+info)

Expanding access and choice for health care consumers through tax reform. (3/93)

A refundable tax credit for the uninsured would complement the existing job-based health insurance system while letting people keep their job-based coverage if they wish. Among the wide variety of design options for a tax credit, policy and political analysis does not reveal an obvious choice, but a tax credit based on a percentage of spending may have a slight advantage. Congress should give states maximum flexibility to use existing funding sources to supplement the value of a federal tax credit and encourage the use of techniques to create stable insurance pools.  (+info)

Crisis, leadership, consensus: the past and future federal role in health. (4/93)

This paper touches on patterns of federal government involvement in the health sector since the late 18th century to the present and speculates on its role in the early decades of the 21st century. Throughout the history of the US, government involvement in the health sector came only in the face of crisis, only when there was widespread consensus, and only through sustained leadership. One of the first health-related acts of Congress came about as a matter of interstate commerce regarding the dilemma as to what to do about treating merchant seamen who had no affiliation with any state. Further federal actions were implemented to address epidemics, such as from yellow fever, that traveled from state to state through commercial ships. Each federal action was met with concern and resistance from states' rights advocates, who asserted that the health of the public was best left to the states and localities. It was not until the early part of the 20th century that a concern for social well-being, not merely commerce, drove the agenda for public health action. Two separate campaigns for national health insurance, as well as a rapid expansion of programs to serve the specific health needs of specific populations, led finally to the introduction of Medicaid and Medicare in the 1960s, the most dramatic example of government intervention in shaping the personal health care delivery system in the latter half of the 20th century. As health costs continued to rise and more and more Americans lacked adequate health insurance, a perceived crisis led President Clinton to launch his 1993 campaign to insure every American--the third attempt in this century to provide universal coverage. While the crisis was perceived by many, there was no consensus on action, and leadership outside government was missing. Today, the health care crisis still looms. Despite an economic boom, 1 million Americans lose their health insurance each year, with 41 million Americans, or 15% of the population, lacking coverage. Private premiums are going up again as federal programs are capped and the lack of a federal framework for quality assurance leads to growing problems of access and quality that will need to be addressed as we enter the 21st century. What role will government play?  (+info)

"Health for three-thirds of the nation": public health advocacy of universal access to medical care in the United States. (5/93)

The public health community has made important, original contributions to the debate over universal access to health services in the United States. Well before the decision of the American Public Health Association in 1944 to endorse a health plan encompassing virtually the entire populace, prominent public health practitioners and scholars embraced universality as an essential principle of health policy. Influenced by Arthur Newsholme, C.-E. A. Winslow began to promote this principle in the 1920s. Many others came to justify universal medical care as a corollary of the traditional ideal of all-inclusive public health services. By the 1940s, most leaders in the field saw national health insurance as the best way to attain universal access. For the past 30 years, advocates of universalism have asserted a social right to health services.  (+info)

Paying for national health insurance--and not getting it. (6/93)

The threat of steep tax hikes has torpedoed the debate over national health insurance. Yet according to our calculations, the current tax-financed share of health spending is far higher than most people think: 59.8 percent. This figure (which is about fifteen percentage points higher than the official Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services [CMS] estimate) includes health care-related tax subsidies and public employees' health benefits, neither of which are classified as public expenditures in the CMS accounting framework. U.S. tax-financed health spending is now the highest in the world. Indeed, our tax-financed costs exceed total costs in every nation except Switzerland. But the sub rosa character of much tax-financed health spending in the United States obscures its regressivity. Public spending for care of the poor, elderly, and disabled is hotly debated and intensely scrutinized. But tax subsidies that accrue mostly to the affluent and health benefits for middle-class government workers are mostly below the radar screen. National health insurance would require smaller tax increases than most people imagine and would make government's role in financing care more visible and explicit.  (+info)

The unfulfilled promise of public health: deja vu all over again. (7/93)

Many complain about public health's weak infrastructure and poor capacity to respond to threats of bioterrorism. Such complaints are but the anxiety-heightened expression of a periodic rediscovery of the deficiencies and unfulfilled promise of U.S. public health. An overview of more than two centuries suggests that where we are now with public health has been shaped by our earlier, limited, and crisis-focused responses to changing disease threats. We have failed to sustain progress in any coherent manner. If we do not wish to repeat past mistakes, we should learn lessons from the past to guide us in the future.  (+info)

Health care reform: lessons from Canada. (8/93)

Although Canadian health care seems to be perennially in crisis, access, quality, and satisfaction in Canada are relatively high, and spending is relatively well controlled. The Canadian model is built on a recognition of the limits of markets in distributing medically necessary care. Current issues in financing and delivering health care in Canada deserve attention. Key dilemmas include intergovernmental disputes between the federal and provincial levels of government and determining how to organize care, what to pay for (comprehensiveness), and what incentive structures to put in place for payment. Lessons for the United States include the importance of universal coverage, the advantages of a single payer, and the fact that systems can be organized on a subnational basis.  (+info)

You published a letter in the April 9 edition of the paper from Richard Brady. In it he took issue with a recent submission from Michael Cash.. As someone who actually has an Obamacare policy, I feel I must enlighten him on how Obamacare works. For those whose employers do not provide a health insurance policy they can buy into and for those who are self-employed, Obamacare has been a great boon.. He claims Obama lied about keeping your policy. Well, I still have a policy. It just cost me $140 a month instead of the previous $300. My premiums had gone up $150 a month in the three years I had my policy before the exchanges. Also, two months before the exchanges started I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. Before Obamacare went into effect, my insurance company could have and would have raised my premiums. Without Obamacare, my premium would now have been $1,000 or more a month. Needless to say, I could not have afforded that.. Let me inform him of another true Obamacare experience. A friend ...
Ohio Governor John Kasich is now insisting the Obamacare Medicaid expansion is not about Obamacare, in an attempt to message his fight for new deficit spending around conservative opposition and months of bad news about President Obamas unpopular 2010 health law.. Expanding Medicaid - an ineffective entitlement program that already consumes nearly half of Ohios budget - to able-bodied childless adults under the age of 65 is a key component of Obamacare, or the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).. Medicaid expansion is no different than the current Medicaid program, and to try to tie Medicaid to Obamacare, I dont see the connection, Gov. Kasich told reporter Joe Vardon last week.. The connection could not be stronger: the estimated $13 billion in new federal spending Kasich claims Medicaid expansion would return to Ohio over the next 7 years would come entirely from Obamacare.. Newspaper editors have joined health care industry lobbyists and progressive activists in ...
It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people with these mental disorders want to quit smoking, attempt to quit smoking or successfully quit smoking at the same rate as people without such disorders. We used data from the 2005 Cancer Control Supplement to the United States National Health Interview Survey to explore the relationship between psychological distress as measured using the K6 scale and smoking cessation, by comparing current smokers who had tried unsuccessfully to quit in the previous 12 months to people able to quit for at least 7 to 24 months prior to the survey. We also used data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing to examine the relationship between psychological distress (K6) scores and duration of mental illness. The majority of people with high K6 psychological distress scores also meet
ObamaCare was passed by Congress on March 21, 2010, and signed into federal law by President Barack Obama on March 23. This law furthers the process of socializing the United States health care system begun with Medicare.[4][5] The centerpiece of ObamaCare is the individual mandate, a provision that makes it mandatory for every citizen to purchase private health insurance, which is unprecedented in American history. Through legislative mandates, ObamaCare requires private citizens to purchase health insurance, involuntarily fund abortions, and pay for sex offenders to use Viagra under the threat of legal sanctions if they do not. The new law imposes penalties that will increase to 2.5% of ones income if he fails to purchase government-approved health insurance. On June 28, 2012, the Supreme Court voted 5-4 that, while Obamacare exceeded Congresss authority under the commerce clause, the law was a permissible tax under the Constitution. [6]. The constitutionality of Obamacare was originally ...
Dr. Kantor discussed the fact that America is split over Obamacare and the problems that result from that with the worldwide radio show Voice of Russia. He also answered questions about whether Obamacare will solve health care problems in the country, why it is taking so long for it to be implemented and what the consequences of its implementation will be.. Dr. Kantor tells Voice of Russia that Obamacare was set up based on political needs instead of truly trying to solve the health care crisis. The major problem with it is that the penalties are not significant enough to convince or force people to buy health insurance for $3000-$5000 per year. The real goal of the President and the Democratic Party isnt really to implement Obamacare, they want a single payer system…thats the ultimate goal.. [display_podcast]. Be sure and order your copy of Dr. Kantors highly praised new book What Matters: Leadership Values that Just Might Save America. Proceeds from sales benefit the American Diabetes ...
For the most part, the Obama Care (Obamacare) does not include territories. Most of the expansions were added or interpreted through Secretary Sebelius of HHS (Health and Human Services), via the PHSA, and only after representatives of territories-including Gov. Benigno R. Fitial-requested for inclusion in PPACA. As a result of Secretary Sebelius intervention, much of the Obamacare federal grant assistance now extends to the CNMI to respond to Early Market Reforms, Rate Reviews, Medical Loss Ratios, Medicaid, External Reviews, and so on. The complexity surrounding the question of whether territories are to be covered by the Obamacare is the fact that the definition of states does not include the territories. A memo from the Congressional Research Service dated April 19, 2010, to Kilili and et al, shows that any serious inquiry of the Obamacare expansion to the territories came after the fact, and not during or before the passage of PL 111-148 (PPACA) or PL 111-152 (HCERA).. This question is ...
On September 13, 2017, U.S. Senators Lindsey Graham (R-SC) and Bill Cassidy (R-LA), along with Senators Dean Heller (R-NV), and Ron Johnson (R-WI), introduced a bill to repeal Obamacare.. Here is what we know about the bill (called the Graham-Cassidy-Heller-Johnson proposal, or more commonly as the Graham-Cassidy bill):. 1.) It defunds Planned Parenthood for a year.* 2.) It repeals tax credits that have been used to pay for healthcare plans that cover abortion.. 3.) States would receive block grants to implement this health care policy, but those block grants would be subject to Hyde amendment protections that prohibit taxpayer funds from covering abortions. 4.) If this effort fails, Obamacare remains the law of the land. As you all know, the last effort to repeal abortion-supporting Obamacare was not successful and very disappointing.. Now is the time to act. This is our best bet for taking down abortion-supporting Obamacare and providing protections for the unborn.. Call Sen. Ron Johnson at ...
We have bad news....again.. Obamacare has not been repealed. The latest effort, the Graham-Cassidy-Heller-Johnson bill, has failed. Thanks to the capitulations of three senators, Obamacare is still the law of the land, and Planned Parenthood is still funded.. This is a major disappointment, and frankly, unacceptable.. So now, here is what we know:. 1.) Sen. Ron Johnson truly gave his all for this effort, and promises he wont give up. Please call and thank Sen. Johnson at 202-224-5323 and thank him for his dedication!. 2.) Sen. Tammy Baldwin refuses to even consider any plan to repeal Obamacare. Call Sen. Baldwin at 202-224-5653 and let her know that abortion-supporting Obamacare must be repealed, and any replacement must have pro-life provisions.. 3.) Remain vigilant. We must keep the pressure on! If you havent already, sign up for WRTLs Action Alerts and follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to stay informed.. Be assured that no matter what, your efforts to be a voice for the unborn ...
Barack Obama assured us that, after his signature legislation Obamacare went into effect, we would surely like it. Now Obama has decided he doesnt want us to find out how it affects us until after the 2014 elections. Obamacare is designed to force employers of 50 or more full-time employees to provide comprehensive health insurance that includes a mandate to pay for an abortion-inducing drug. The penalty for non-compliance is a tax of $2,000 per fulltime employee per year (beyond the first 30), and the Internal Revenue Service was supposed to start collecting the penalties on Jan. 1. Obama apparently thinks he can conceal the mess he created, which even the Democrats who voted for it now call a train wreck, by simply postponing the effective date of the employer mandate one year. But the Obamacare law, as upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, unambiguously states: EFFECTIVE DATE ... The amendments made by this section shall apply to months beginning after December 31, 2013. Obama has no ...
A week after the mid-term elections, in which the GOP gained considerable ground in Congress, U.S. Rep. Gwen Moore was asked if Americans had rejected President Barack Obama’s policies. The Milwaukee Democrat responded, in part, by saying Republicans had take many steps to "discredit" Obama, including voting more than 50 times to repeal his Affordable Care Act. "But the reality," Moore stated Nov. 11, 2014 on Wisconsin Public Radio, "is that Obamacare has lowered health care costs by $36 billion just this year. We've had the lowest health care inflation in history because of Obamacare." The bolder claim about Obamacare ...
If the Supreme Court rules that Obamacare is out, President Donald Trump said last week, well have a plan that is far better than Obamacare.. Democrats couldnt believe their luck. They still were reeling from special counsel Robert Muellers finding that the Trump campaign neither conspired nor coordinated with Russian efforts to interfere in the 2016 elections.. Now the president was changing the subject from collusion (a suddenly awkward topic for Democrats) to health care (which helped them capture dozens of House seats last November).. Besides, the president really doesnt have a plan that is far better than Obamacare, or any plan at all. Right?. Wrong.. A look at his fiscal year 2020 budget shows that the president has a plan to reduce costs and increase health care choices. His plan would achieve this by redirecting federal premium subsidies and Medicaid expansion money into grants to states. States would be required to use the money to establish consumer-centered programs that make ...
Did you know that some Americans are being hit with health insurance rate increases of more than 500 percent? Taking advantage of the stupidity of the American voter, the Democrats succeeded in ramming through one of the worst pieces of legislation that has ever come before Congress. The full implementation of Obamacare has been repeatedly delayed, but now we are finally starting to see the true horror of this terrible law. Thanks to Obamacare, millions of American families are losing health plans that they were very happy with, health insurance rates are skyrocketing, millions of workers are having their full-time hours cut back to part-time hours, rural hospitals all over the country are dying, and thousands of doctors are being driven out of the industry thus intensifying the greatest doctor shortage in U.S. history. Obamacare is a slow-motion train wreck of epic proportions, and the full effect of this law is only beginning to be felt. In the end, the economic impact of this law will ... ECONOMIST: 75% of Obamacare costs to fall on Americans making less than $120,000 a year Take Your Medicine, America Stephen Moore, Senior Economics Writer with the Wall Street Journal, told FOX and Friends this morning that nearly 75% of Obamacare costs will fall on the backs of those Americans making less than $120,000 a year. It s a big punch in the stomach to middle class families. Obamacare: It s not just a big f***ing deal It s a big
Article: Obama Interrupted, Laughs At Hecklers at Obamacare Rally. And Misses The Point - At an Affordable Care Act rally President Obama was delivering a speech defending ACA (Obamacare); protesters interrupted the proceeding by shouting Mr. President! (Inaudible)! Stop climate change! For our generation! Stop the pipeline! Okay, were talking about healthcare today, but we will, Obama said, as the crowd started to boo the protesters. No, no, no its okay, Obama said. Before delivering a line ...
The National Health Measurement Study (NHMS) surveyed older United States adults with a suite of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) indices to allow comparison and cross-calibration of these instruments. The design oversampled African Americans and older individuals to allow subgroup analyses. Several preference-weighted indices measuring self-reported generic HRQoL are used widely in population surveys and clinical studies in the United States and around the world. These indices are used to evaluate individual and population health. Because they have been developed using econometric methods to elicit utility weights for their scoring systems, they are generally accepted for use in cost-effectiveness analyses of health interventions. Each index uses a multidimensional representation of health, but each index covers the dimensions of health (e.g., physical function, mental function, social function, pain, other symptoms, etc.) differently, and uses questionnaires with different psychometric ...
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing research survey designed to measure the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Each year the survey examines a nationally representative sample of about 5,000 persons located in counties across the country. NHANES uses a combination of interviews, physical examinations, and laboratory tests to collect data; interviews include questions concerning demographics, diet, conditions, and health status information, while the examination component consists of medical, dental, and physiological measurements. Blood, urine, and other samples are collected for a variety of laboratory tests and are also saved for a national probability sample of genetic material.. The Physical Activity Monitor XPT file available for download on this page is compressed in the 7z archive format. Extracting this file requires the 7-Zip file archiver software.. ...
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a nationally representative, ongoing research survey designed to measure the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. NHANES uses a combination of interviews, physical examinations, and laboratory tests to collect data; interviews include questions concerning demographics, diet, conditions, and health status information, while the examination component consists of medical, dental, and physiological measurements. Blood, urine, and other samples are collected for a variety of laboratory tests and are also saved for a national probability sample of genetic material.. ...
Meanwhile, a few economists opine that the bill posed concerns for maternity care and prescription drugs coverage while challenging pre-existing ailments like cancer or Alzheimers protections among patients.. Will Obamacare Stay?. Chairman of the Republican Study Committee Mark Walker has said, The House is going to continue to fight if we have to look at this piece by piece or bill by bill, in an exclusive Facebook Live interview to The Daily Signal. He further said that, We are going to continue to fulfill the promise that we made last year, and even longer [ago] than that, to remove this huge legislative burden of what is Obamacare.. How Is MedTech Positioned?. Though Medtech is faced with intense volatility, there are bountiful opportunities in the space. Per a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services report published by Advisory Board, the U.S. health care spending is estimated to reach approximately $5.5 trillion by 2025, representing 19.9% of Gross Domestic Product (based on ...
ObamaCares implementation is causing many employers across the country to think twice about hiring as they consider the impact of its rules and regulations.. More than 3,500 pages of regulations have been penned since the law passed last March, and their impact is already being felt.. I know for a fact that the mandates in ObamaCare are discouraging the creation of new jobs, said Tennessee GOP Sen. Lamar Alexander, the third-highest-ranking member of the Senate Republican leadership. And I will be specific. I met with the chief executives of the chain restaurants in America, who are the largest employer in America after the federal government-especially of those who are low-income.. One of the companies Alexander spoke with told him that the regulatory changes that followed ObamaCares passage ate all of its profits from last year, while another company said it slashed its workforce from 90 employees down to 70 per store.. Theres no doubt that ObamaCare is causing our country to lose ...
The rule, put forward by the Department of Labor, would allow individuals and small businesses to form an association based on geography or industry and purchase health insurance that would be exempt from some rules of the Affordable Care Act.. The rule also allows sole proprietors to join such associations. Currently, sole proprietors can purchase individual insurance through the Obamacare individual market, created under former Democratic President Barack Obamas healthcare law.. The rule must go through a comment period but is likely to gain approval, helping to enact a similar executive order Trump signed in October.. Under Obamacare, all health insurance plans must cover a set of 10 essential health benefits, such as maternity and newborn care, addiction and mental health treatment and prescription drugs. The proposed rule would allow small business associations to purchase health plans that do not necessarily cover all of these benefits, which proponents say would help lower ...
Article: In 2 Charts: Why Hillary (and Bill) Clinton Damn Well Better Hope Obamacare Succeeds - Bill Clinton did it again. On Tuesday, he interjected himself into the ongoing political tussle over the implementation of Obamacare by declaring that President Barack Obama should honor his commitment to allow people to hang on to their preexisting health insurance plans.
share#Other failures took longer to become manifest. The architects of Obamacare are deeply distrustful of the role of for-profit companies in the health-care business because, in their nearly pristine ignorance, they falsely believe profits to be net deductions from the sum of the public good rather than measures of the creation of real social value. So they created incentives to set up co-ops, nonprofit enterprises that would administer Obamacare plans in particular states and jurisdictions. It was obvious from the beginning that if Obamacares perverse incentives created insurance pools that were older and sicker rather than younger and healthier, these co-ops wouldnt be economically viable: You need lots of young, healthy insurance subscribers to offset the costs associated with your older, sicker subscribers. Many of us - myself included - assumed that the federal government under President Obama would simply write these co-ops huge checks to keep them afloat. We were half right: The ...
Those who want to leave ObamaCare as it is are outnumbered more than 5 to 1 by those who want to repeal or change it. by James Taranto President Obama keeps insisting the debate over ObamaCare is
Here are five stories from individuals whose premiums have increased as a result of ObamaCare:. 1. Prior to the ACA I got pretty good insurance from my employer for free. This included health and dental insurance. As of April 1, 2014 the premiums were raised to the point that I could not afford to keep either.. - Levi C. from Mt. Vernon, IL. 2. Today was a very sad day in our household. Thanks to the new healthcare reform, we had to make the painful decision to drop our medical health coverage. Why? Because we simply do not have an extra $7,000 lying around to afford our current policy.. - Deborah H. from Franklin Furnace, OH. 3. My premiums went up by over $150.00 a month. I know that is not that much compared to most people, but it devastates my budget.. - Judy J. from Athens, GA. 4. Im paying more than twice what I paid before ObamaCare went into effect and with a higher deductible. I have to scrimp and save every penny I have just to get the medicine I need.. - Maggie M. from ...
When asked if they approved or disapproved of the Affordable Care Act, sometimes called Obamacare, 60 percent of rural voters said they opposed the law, and 34 percent said they favored it. Without reference to Obamacare, voters were asked if they approved or disapproved of the law, which would give states the opportunity to extend Medicaid coverage to cover more low income families with health insurance, with the federal government picking up 90 percent of the costs, and 45 percent said they approved, while 42 percent disapproved ...
Need help applying for Obamacare enrollment? Find, research, and compare Obamacare insurance plans in the California 2021 healthcare marketplace.
One thing that Ive found confusing in the Obamacare repeal coverage is the issue of who exactly benefits from Obamacare. Much of the reporting makes it sound like the ACA only applies to people in the marketplace, who tend to be people who work for themselves or are unemployed or in school. In fact, many of the ACAs protections apply to everyone.. For example, the pre-existing conditions protection protects everyone, even those at a regular job. In the past, if you had a pre-existing condition and started a new job, you might have to wait a year before your new insurance would cover that condition. Now thats no longer the case. Also, employers didnt have to cover all the basic benefits, now they do.. But theres another way the Trump/Ryan bill can affect people who dont work for themselves, or otherwise currently have insurance. What if your status changes? Meaning, what if you lose your job? When I left the UN, I wasnt allowed to get COBRA coverage, I had to go and buy my own insurance. ...
At the request of Nancy Pelosi, the Congressional Budget Office has just released a study intended to better understand the potential economic impacts that would result from the cancellation of taxpayer funded Obamacare subsidies (a.k.a. cost-sharing reductions or CSRs). Among other things finds that cutting CSRs would cause a 20% spike in Obamacare premiums in 2018 and result in a $194 billion increase in the deficit from 2017 through 2026.
Welcome to the fastest way to find out about Obamacare in Cato, Wisconsin. Here, youll find clear and accurate information about Obamacare, including: whether or not you must get health insurance, what the available plans cover, how much coverage will cost in Wisconsin, and how to sign up for a plan in Wisconsin.
Welcome to the fastest way to find out about Obamacare in Saco, Maine. Here, youll find clear and accurate information about Obamacare, including: whether or not you must get health insurance, what the available plans cover, how much coverage will cost in Maine, and how to sign up for a plan in Maine.
At the press conference, the Freedom Caucus announced its support Sen. Pauls Obamacare Replacement Act (S. 222), with U.S. Rep. Mark Sanford introducing companion legislation the group will work to advance in the House.. This legislation is the conservative solution to replacing Obamacare, and it will enable millions more to acquire affordable insurance through the free market, said Sen. Paul.. Paul said, Im honored to have the House Freedom Caucus endorsement of my plan to keep the commitment we have made to the American people.. This proposal will insure the most amount of people at the least amount of cost, and it will do so by putting individuals and families back in charge of their health care decisions.. ...
Hospitals have expressed widespread skepticism about Obamacares impact, but a survey of 2014 expectations shows that projected capital expenditures dont seem to match the gloomy predictions.. Only 60% of respondents in Medicaid-expansion states believe the combination of subsidized Obamacare exchange plans and Medicaid will reduce their uninsured patient volumes in 2014, writes Citi analyst Gary Taylor, but the stronger yty capex forecast seems to express more optimism than the specific Obamacare questions elicited ...
Posted on 03/08/2013 7:58:04 AM PST by SeekAndFind. The Affordable Care Act, also known as ObamaCare, has transformed the healthcare landscape across America. Though not yet fully implemented, it is already changing the way we buy and access healthcare, mostly in negative ways. Premiums keep going up. Doctors are speeding up their retirements to avoid having to deal with the law. Its push to digitize our medical records may expose Americans to violations of our privacy, and even to misdiagnoses as doctors and nurses are forced to use templates rather than handwritten notes to describe the ailments patients present them. ObamaCare is also creating chaos in how states deal with which medical personnel are allowed to perform different tasks. The Department of Health and Human Services essentially writes much of the law on the fly, and state legislatures and health departments find themselves regulating between the voluminous law s many gaps. Chaos presents opportunities, and into those ...
On Monday, The Heritage Foundation hosted a panel of current and future physicians to discuss the impact of Obamacare on their profession. Their remarks highlighted the importance of the doctor-patient relationship as the heart of the practice of medicine and detailed direct threats as a result of the new health law.. Representative Michael Burgess, M.D., (R-TX) explained that part of being a physician is fighting for the best interests of each individual patient. Under Obamacare, this will be harder to do, as government inserts itself further into the provision of care. One example is the creation of accountable care organizations (ACOs) in Medicare. Representative Burgess pointed out that under ACOs, doctors would not be held accountable to patients, but rather to the hospital or health plan in charge. Based on his experience as an OB/GYN, Representative Burgess argued that it will be more difficult for doctors to stand up for patients needs to insurers or the government if they work directly ...
ObamaCare was rushed through the legislative process, and a drafting error could sharply limit access to life-saving drugs for children. The error was a simple and unintentional omission in the final, frenetic days of drafting the landmark legislation and reconciling House and Senate versions. Con gressional staff intended to allow childrens hospitals continued access to the portion of a federal program that offers below-market prices on 347 specific medicines for rare, life-threatening conditions. But that language was accidentally altered. ...
Lets say 77077 zip and my family has never used more than 3500 dollars in a year for medical bills and that was for two childbirths so I think Id just go with the cheapest plan which I suppose would be disaster type coverage like for a heart attack, stroke, or cancer. Thanks for making the effort. When I filled out my taxes with the H&R Block free program it said I owed $185 for my Obamacare penalty so thats what I paid but I didnt know the number to use to see if the Obamacare plan I was supposed to pick would be more than 8% of our annual income (lets say 53k, luckily our stocks dont pay any dividends so they dont count for income unless we sell). Thats only $4240 so Im probably one of those who can get my penalty back from the IRS. Perhaps. I heard the IRS actually knows there are a lot of people who deserve to have their penalties refunded and they know who they are but they arent going to really act on it. It would be worth it though to fill out an adjustment. ...
One of the popular objections to GOP reform is that ObamaCare saved thousands of lives per year, and hence that tinkering with it will literally kill lots of people. Theres just one problem - the data suggest that if anything, ObamaCare actually caused more Americans to die.
For the last few days, I have been on a quest to figure out how to calculate the cost of an ObamaCare health plan. Today, I gave up. At the end of the day, the only way to really find out what the cost of an ObamaCare plan will be to your family is to
Here we go again. Americans for Prosperity, the conservative advocacy group backed by the Koch brothers, is running Obamacare attack ads featuring a cancer patient who claimed her treatments were unaffordable under the new health care law. On Monday, The Detroit News reported that the patient will actually save more than $1,000 a year. Julie Boonstra says…
Yeah, weve already told you this. But Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.) now admits that he thinks Obamacare will be a train wreck.. I just see a huge train wreck coming down, he told Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius at a Wednesday hearing. You and I have discussed this many times, and I dont see any results yet.. via Baucus warns of huge train wreck enacting ObamaCare provisions - The Hills Healthwatch.. Yes. We tried to warn you.. That doesnt make us feel any better.. ...
As ObamaCare discussions go on and a potential Government shutdown aimed at preventing its funding, the White House releases an animated video on showing the benefits of ObamaCare ahead of its
Youve heard about vaccination and its dangers. Lets look at the facts and myths on vaccines covered under ObamaCare at no out-of-pocket costs.
CAMBRIDGE, Md. - Seeking to distinguish themselves as a party of alternatives, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor said Republicans will vote on an alternative to President Barack Obama's health care law this year. The size and structure of the bill remains in flux, he said, but he announced to the GOP Conference members gathered here for their annual retreat that a vote will happen in the coming months, according to a source in the meeting. House Republicans will rally around an alternative to Obamacare and put it on the floor and pass it this year, he said. A few Republicans have produced comprehensive bills that they have pitched as viable alternatives to the Affordable Care Act. Rep. Tom Price, R-Ga., for instance, has a bill and the conservative Republican Study Committee has asked leaders to consider another bill that it has touted. The group's chairman, Rep. Steve Scalise, R-La., told reporters at the retreat here that it matters less whose name is on the bill than that ...
The news that the insurance exchanges in Obamacare have exceeded their original enrollment projections - the projections made before the bungled website rollout cost two months of sign-up time and created a branding catastrophe for the entire program - is sending reverberations of shock through Washington. One immediate conclusion is that the Republican war to…
Murkowski, who was one of three GOP senators to vote against a partial repeal of Obamacare this summer, notably did not say whether she would vote for the Republican tax plan that the Senate will consider after its Thanksgiving break.. She is one of several Republican holdouts on the tax plan. If all Senate Democrats and independents oppose the measure, Republicans can afford to lose no more than two GOP votes.. On Sunday, Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, told ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos she wants to see revisions to the plan.. I want to see changes in that bill, and I think there will be changes, Collins, who opposes the individual mandate repeal, said on ABC News This Week.. Last week Sen. Ron Johnson, R-Wis., announced his opposition to the Senate tax plan, saying it favors corporations over pass-through businesses such as small businesses. Sens. Bob Corker, R-Tenn.; Jeff Flake, R-Ariz.; and John McCain, R-Ariz., have also voiced concerns about the measure.. The House passed ...
Protecting Wisconsinites with Pre-Existing Conditions. Last week the State Assembly took action to become one of the first states in the nation to ensure those with pre-existing conditions are protected under state law. With ObamaCare imploding, those in Washington are working on repealing and replacing the destructive law. A recent analysis of ObamaCare since the enactment of the law has revealed that average health insurance premiums have doubled. This is based on data gathered by the Obama Administration itself. In addition we continue to see insurance companies fleeing ObamaCare on regular basis. When ObamaCare is repealed we need to ensure Wisconsinites are protected. Therefore, on Wednesday night when the Assembly Democrats made a motion to take up one of their bills on pre-existing conditions, the Assembly Republicans joined the Democrats in a unanimous vote to take up the bill and debate a solution. Assembly Republicans offered a solution that would protect those with pre-existing ...
Ive said it for awhile now, and I guess it needs repeating again. Obamacare is literally a hand out to the insurance companies because the Democrats couldnt stick to their guns of wanting truly socialized healthcare and caved to the Republicans to implement the Republican plan. The one of the reasons this happened is because the Democrats didnt want to put a whole industry out of business (thus creating MORE unemployed people). The likelihood of the ACA leading to socialized healthcare is minimal. Whats more likely is that theyll just fix the ACA (translation: hammer the square peg into the round hole until it is wedged in there good and tight) so that it kind of works. The reason I say this is because that is what the government does with ALL of its faulty legislation. It rarely ever just repeals and starts over ...
More than 10 years after its passage, the Affordable Care Act once (Obamacare) more hangs in the balance. There have been plenty of near misses before, including previous Supreme Court appearances and Congress...
In a colossal oh by the way revelation, last Friday afternoon the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), a federal agency under the United States Department of Health and Human Services (that would be the executive branch run by President Obama), quietly released a report exposing the fact that under Obamacare, two-thirds of Americans who work at small businesses will see their insurance premiums increase. So this report - which is more than two years late - says over 11 million American workers will have higher health insurance premiums because of Obamacare. Despite the administrations attempts to, as House Speaker John Boehner put it, delay and deemphasize the report, we now have it straight from the Obama administration that Obamacare will raise health-insurance premiums for American workers. That is a far cry from Obamas 2008 campaign promise that families would see lower health insurance premiums - $2,500 lower, to be exact - under Obamacare ...
Statesman Journal (Salem, Ore.), Feb. 2, 2017. Donald Trump promises to repeal and replace Obamacare and has said that replacement and repeal should be simultaneous. Lets hope he insists on simultaneity. Repeal would be delayed since there is no Republican consensus on a replacement. But delay is preferable to the mess caused by a mere repeal.. Obamacare insured millions of additional people. And some parts are very popular, especially its ban on denying insurance to people with preexisting conditions. But insurance markets would be destroyed if this ban is retained but the most unpopular part of Obamacare (mandatory purchase of insurance) is not also retained.. The obvious way to escape from this dilemma is to enact a single-payer system - an improved Medicare-For-All - financed by general taxes. Nobody would have to buy insurance, but everyone would be insured. People would not have to choose between incomprehensible policies with different coverage and doctor networks. Patients would no ...
S 1893, Childrens Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (Expansion/extension of SCHIP ); S558/HR 1424, Mental Health Parity Act of 2007 (Secure equal treatment for mental health benefits); HR 1038/S 623, Access to Life-Saving Medicine Act (Biogenerics-approving generic Bio pharmaceuticals); S 316, Preserve Access to Affordable Generics Act (Regulate Generic/Brand patent settlements); S 1501/S 1695, Affordable Biologics for Consumers Act (Generic Bio-pharmaceuticals); S 334, Healthy Americans Act (Universal health coverage replaces employer coverage); S 1899, Universal Health Coverage Act of 2007 (Mandatory health insurance coverage); S 242/HR 380, Pharmaceutical Market Access and Drug Safety Act of 2007 (Drug importation-Canada, et al.); HR 1076/S616, HIPAA Recreational Injury Technical/Correction Act (Mandatory coverage for recretional activity); HR 676, United States National Health Insurance Act (National health insurance); HR 1368, Personalized Health Information Act of 2007 ...
By REUTERSFEB. 8, 2014, 10:25 A.M. E.S.T.. NEW YORK - Hundreds of people with HIV/AIDS in Louisiana trying to obtain coverage under President Barack Obamas healthcare reform are in danger of being thrown out of the insurance plan they selected in a dispute over federal subsidies and the interpretation of federal rules about preventing Obamacare fraud.. Some healthcare advocates see discrimination in the move, but Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Louisiana says it is not trying to keep people with HIV/AIDS from enrolling in one of its policies under the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.. The states largest carrier is rejecting checks from a federal program designed to help these patients pay for AIDS drugs and insurance premiums, and has begun notifying customers that their enrollment in its Obamacare plans will be discontinued.. The carrier says it no longer will accept third-party payments, such as those under the 1990 Ryan White Act, which many people with HIV/AIDS use to pay their ...
Reading Time: 2 minutesOverexposure to antibiotics and antibacterial soaps and lotions makes bacteria stronger. They adapt. That same thing happened to Obamacare over the years. Its now untouchable. Obamacare survived the election of Scott Brown in Massachusetts. So it was born in a toxic environment. Then, Obamacare survived two Supreme Court rulings, each time by a single vote […]. ...
The Republicans in Congress are looking to block the provisions of the Affordable Care Act, and seem to be willing to shut down the government in order to make their case. These tactics historically dont work. Obamacare will go into effect. This is the plan that insurance companies wanted. Unlike a single-payer health care system, the system created by the Affordable Care Act keeps the insurance companies in business and not only keeps industry jobs in place but presents an opportunity for more jobs in insurance as well as health care. One threat to Obamacare is defunding. The political tactic involved comes from the desire to see ideas put forth by the other party fail, and one way to do that is to put a system into effect while removing the government funding that is necessary for the system to succeed. The result is that one side gets to say, I told you so, even if the failure is due to defunding and not due to a systemic problem. Regardless, with a group as powerful as health insurance ...
VA health care and the health care delivery regime under the Affordable Care Act (a.k.a. Obamacare) are fundamentally the same. They are both so-called single-payer systems, and so, sclerotic and Soviet.. The VA system is outdated and doomed. It cannot work. Like Obamacare, it is based on the insane notion that medical services can be provided effectively outside of markets.. History shows pretty conclusively that governments are very, very bad at providing health care services. This is not an arguable point.. The Veterans Administration itself has a long, inglorious history of patient abuse and neglect that has stretched out over decades.. Yet VA health care is held up by the establishment Left as the model for the future. ...
October 31, 2012. In just 14 months, Americans will be required to prove that they have federally qualified health insurance or face an Obamacare tax of $695 to $2,085. That is unless you are in prison, below the poverty line, or are an undocumented immigrant, according to the anti-tax group Americans for Tax Reform.. When added together, those three groups total up to one-sixth of the nations population of 314 million: 218,929 are in federal prisons, 12 million are illegals and 42 million are below the poverty line and eligible for welfare, though some fit into all three categories, according to federal reports.. ATR highlighted the groups eligible from the mandate to get health insurance in a mock Internal Revenue Service form they developed to show the extra paperwork Americans will be required to fill out once the full Obamacare law kicks in, January 2014. It is based on testimony from the IRS given in September that said, taxpayers will file their tax returns reporting their health ...
The U.S. Supreme Court has breathed new life into the anti Obamacare movement by ordering the 4th U.S. Circuit Appeals court to hear Liberty Universitys challenge to the Affordable Care Act known as Obamacare. The university had brought an action against having to implement the law on the grounds of equal protection and religious freedom. President Obama insisted during the presidential campaign that religious freedom would not be inhibited or an issue for religious colleges and religious organizations would have to consider
New Jersey had a government health care safety net that was designed to provide medical coverage for children who didnt get coverage by other means. It was called FamilyCare Advantage.. According to,. The plan, offered by Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, was designed for children whose parents make too much money to qualify for Medicaid and offered medical, dental, and vision coverage for just $144 a month. The program, which was the first of its kind in the nation, was implemented six years ago and considered a model for others states seeking economical ways to provide quality coverage for kids from working class families.. Yet, since FamilyCare Advantage lacked things like mental health services, Obamacare deemed the childrens 1,800 plans illegal and the program shuttered last week.. So the Federal Governments bloated plan of health exchanges and the like must take precedent over locally administered plans designed to help people.. The Obamacare plan offered by ...
Need help applying for Obamacare enrollment? Find, research, and compare Obamacare insurance plans in the North Dakota 2021 healthcare marketplace.
In just a few days a new Obamacare tax-that will double the following year-will kick in to fund comparative effectiveness research thats supposed to help the government save money by finding ways to ration healthcare.. This is crazy; a semi-secret tax so the feds have cash to pay bureaucrats to examine everyones health records and, in turn, the government can save money by cutting back on care. The official plan, as noted by a national news wire this week, is to conduct research to find out which drugs, medical procedures, tests and treatments work best. Its part of a little-known provision of the presidents socialist takeover of the nations healthcare system.. Who will conduct this valuable research? A new quasi-governmental agency (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute or PCORI) created by Obamacare to provide information about the best available evidence to help patients and their health care providers make more informed decisions. PCORI claims its research is intended to ...
Syndicated from: Americans Ask Trump to Add Alternative Health to Obamacare Repeal We need to treat the causes of disease instead of just the symptoms Alex Jones & Dr. Edward Group - March 8, 2017 With the future of our nations health care reform and the repeal and replacement of Obamacare still unclear, Dr.…
The debate isnt new, but as the country awaits the U.S. Supreme Courts decision on the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly called Obamacare, suppose the
Our goal is to make this as difficult as possible to vote for it, said House Republican Leader John Boehner. We think this bill is the wrong prescription for what ails our healthcare system in America.. Representative Mike Pence, who heads the House Republican Conference, said the campaign against the bill unveiled last week by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi began over the weekend with Republican members delivering copies of the huge 1,990-page bill to public libraries. Also, Republican women are speaking against the bill this week on the House floor.. It is a fact that 85 percent of healthcare decisions in this country are made by American women, Pence said.. On Thursday, House Republicans plan a special Internet town hall meeting. Pence said the discussion with participants will last at least 12 hours.. Our members are going to stand on principle against Speaker Pelosis trillion dollar government takeover of our healthcare system, Boehner said.. Republicans plan to offer a far less ...
But what absolutely does not deserve to stand is Clintons bizarre re-write of history in answer to Wallaces question about why he didnt do more to put Osama bin Laden out of business. Clinton scolded that All the conservative Republicans who now say I didnt do enough, claimed I was too obsessed with bin Laden… All the right-wingers who now say I didnt do enough said I did too much - same people.. All? Are we now supposed to believe that in 1998 Clintons critics on the right were hounding him for doing too much about bin Laden? Lets take a moment to remember the late Bob Bartley, editor for three decades of The Wall Street Journals editorial-page, and for years one of Bill Clintons keenest critics. It is a huge loss that Bob is no longer among us to offer much-needed wisdom on the perils ahead. He died in 2003. But Clintons words brought back for me a memory of August 20, 1998 - the day Clinton announced he had launched attacks targeting Osama bin Ladens terrorist-related ...
Its probably true that voters are skeptical of Republicans ability to fix the mess that is health care, especially when the party is led by an unpopular president whose knowledge of medical procedures seems to be limited to the plastic surgery performed on television personalities. But the public saying, Im not so sure its a good idea to write and pass a bill in a week after Republicans had seven years to fix Obamacare is far different than I want the federal government fully in charge on my health care ...
Second, rather than acknowledge that the fact that such reforms are needed is proof that no one seriously expects the supposed Medicare reforms in Obamacare (like the IPAB and its price controls) to work, the Times parrots the line tried out by various defenders of Obamacare in the past year, that Obamacare would actually move the under-65 market to something like a premium-support system, so its logic is the same as a premium-support reform of Medicare. This ignores the fact that Ryans Medicare reform would transform Medicare-which is currently a purely government-run single-payer fee-for-service insurer-into at least something of a competitive market among private insurers while Obamacare would transform our existing private market (in which competition is already severely constrained and distorted by a variety of federally imposed flaws and inefficiencies) into an even more heavily regulated and less competitive market, while leaving in place Medicares fee-for-service system, which is ...
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... maintains a universal health care system largely financed by government national health insurance. According to the ... Hungary ranks fourth (above neighbour Romania, and after China, the United States and Russia) in the all-time medal count at ... Health insurance for students is free until the end of their studies. English and German language are important in Hungarian ... ISBN 978-0-674-78405-5. László Borhi (2004). Hungary in the Cold War, 1945-1956: Between the United States and the Soviet Union ...
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... the journey from national health insurance to an employer mandate". The shadow welfare state: labor, business, and the politics ... 37th United States Secretary of the Interior (1961-1969) Roswell Gilpatric, 10th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense ( ... trade union New York State United Teachers, teachers union affiliated with the AFT United Automobile Workers United ... While he was campaigning in the southern United States a poll of 157 Democratic National Committee members was conducted by the ...
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In the United States, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) signed in 2010 by President Barack Obama imposed a health insurance mandate ... Tanner, Michael (2006). Individual Mandates for Health Insurance: Slippery Slope to National Health Care (PDF). Cato Institute ... the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius upheld the health ... Pak, Julia (June 20, 2018). "5 States Are Restoring the Individual Mandate to Buy Health Insurance". The CheckUp by HealthCare. ...
... was an early advocacy group for national health insurance in the United States of America, founded in 1905. In 1905 the ... and as a result controversy about national insurance came about. National groups supporting the idea of government health ... For example, in 1917, they proposed a national health insurance act that included a provision for weekly cash allocations for ... In 1912 Theodore Roosevelt included social insurance for sickness in the platform of his Progressive Party (United States, 1912 ...
... national health insurance, and education. He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1947 to 1949. In managing ... During this time he was also interested in the real estate, insurance, and banking industries. He served as United States ... Biographical Directory of the United States Congress National Governors Association J. Howard McGrath at Find a Grave Biography ... chairman of the Democratic National Committee, and Attorney General of the United States. Born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island. ...
Committee for National Health Insurance) Humphrey campaign ad Biography portal United States portal New York (state) portal ... Marshall was a long-time advocate of government-provided health care in the United States. During the 1968 United States ... As a member of the Committee for National Health Insurance, ... He played the President of the United States in Superman II ( ... Eisenhower National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (1989) as Art Smith Two Evil Eyes (1990) as Steven Pike (segment "The Facts in ...
... and the Pursuit of National Health: The Incremental Strategy Toward National Health Insurance in the United States of America ( ... The deadline ended for the first enrollment in the new Medicare program of health insurance in the United States. Jean-Claude ... Without debate, the United States Senate passed the bill abolishing the United States Postal Savings System, in existence since ... In the case of United States v. Price, the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that federal civil rights criminal ...
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Bergmann, Barbara R. (May-June 1991). "Perspective: Professors should back national health insurance". Academe. 77 (3): 62. ... Bergmann, Barbara R (1996). Saving our children from poverty: what the United States can learn from France. New York: Russell ... Her husband, Fred H. Bergmann, a microbiologist at the National Institutes of Health, whom she married in 1965, died in 2011. ... Bergmann's parents and grandparents, fleeing anti-Semitism, immigrated to the United States from Europe in 1914. She was born ...
Conference of Mayors Backs Single-Payer National Health Insurance" (Press release). Physicians for a National Health Program. ... United States Conference of Mayors. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2009-01-31. "The United States ... At 11:00 a.m., they met with United States Vice President/President of the United States Senate Charles Curtis and other Senate ... The results are distributed to the President of the United States and the United States Congress. On January 11, 2007, the ...
The party sought desegregation, the establishment of a national health insurance system, an expansion of the welfare system, ... United States, 1912) Progressive Party (United States, 1924) Jencks v. United States Specific Lennon, Michael (2013). Norman ... the continuation of many New Deal policies including national health insurance and unemployment benefits, the expansion of the ... The United States Progressive Party of 1948 was a left-wing political party that served as a vehicle for former Vice President ...
The concept of national health insurance began in the early 20th century in the United States and then came to prominence ... Medicare and Medicaid became the United States' first public health insurance programs. The legislation was vigorously opposed ... and as a result controversy about national insurance came about. National groups supporting the idea of government health ... In 1912 Theodore Roosevelt included social insurance for sickness in the platform of his Progressive Party (United States, 1912 ...
NAGPS has a threefold mission for the graduate and professional student community in the United States of America: (1) develop ... This includes discounts on health and auto insurance, periodicals, research resources, travel services, among others. Awareness ... This group called the first national meeting in March 1987 at Washington State University. The group became the National ... It is formed by affiliation from student representative bodies across the United States and serves as "the umbrella ...
The decline in the rates in the UK is one example; another is that in the United States, the individual states where insurance ... by influencing whether the costs of the procedure are borne by the parents or are covered by insurance or a national health ... and HSV-2 stated that circumcision is cost-effective in both the United States and Africa and may result in health care savings ... "Male Circumcision and Risk for HIV Transmission and Other Health Conditions: Implications for the United States". Centers for ...
... in the United States Health insurance cooperative List of countries by health insurance coverage National health insurance ... Physicians for a National Health Program (2004). "International health systems". Chicago: Physicians for a National Health ... World Health Organization (2008). "Health financing mechanisms: private health insurance". Geneva: World Health Organization. ... The first move towards a national health insurance system was launched in Germany in 1883, with the Sickness Insurance Law. ...
Council for Responsible Reform United States National Health Care Act Universal health care Frumkin, Howard; Himmelstein, David ... and health professionals that supports a universal, comprehensive single-payer national health insurance program. Since being ... Health care reform List of healthcare reform advocacy groups in the United States National Physicians Alliance Physicians' ... Himmelstein, David U.; Woolhandler, Steffie (January 12, 1989). "A national health program for the United States. A physicians ...
Health insurance is a common employee benefit because there is no government-sponsored national health insurance in the United ... Benefits consist of retirement plans, health insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, vacation, employee stock ... which is a doctrine under the laws of a number of states in the United States, and most notably New York State law, an employee ... Linda Barrington May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates United States. May 2011 National ...
Since 2009, McArdle has argued extensively against instituting a system of national health insurance in the United States, and ... It will also start controlling prices." In a comment to that post, McArdle stated, "The United States currently provides ... Megan's argument against national health insurance boils down to a visceral hatred of the government." In an August 2009 post, ... "Megan McArdle's Case Against National Health Insurance. Sort of". The Washington Post. Megan McArdle (August 13, 2009) "What ...
The United States passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in 1996 in an attempt to increase ... An important national law regarding medical privacy is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA ... The National Health Service is increasingly using electronic health records, but until recently, the records held by individual ... Many countries - including Australia, Canada, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, New Zealand, and the Netherlands ...
Healthy Americans Act Healthcare rationing in the United States Medicare (United States) Public health insurance option (the so ... "115th United States Congress". U.S. Congress. 2017-2018. "United States National Health Care Act - Summary". U.S. Congress. ... also known as Medicare for All or United States National Health Care Act, is a bill first introduced in the United States House ... Health care reform Health care reform in the United States Healthcare-NOW! ...
In other countries, such as the United States, no national health plan exists and the majority of private insurance companies ... Major health organizations in the United States and UK have issued affirmative statements supporting sex reassignment therapy ... "The State of Transgender Health Care: Policy, Law, and Medical Frameworks". American Journal of Public Health. 104 (3): e31-8. ... "National Catholic Reporter.. *^ "FAQ on Gender Identity Disorder and "Sex Change" Operations". National Catholic Bioethics ...
"The National Health Insurance Program (NHIP), formerly known as Medicare, is a health insurance program for SSS members and ... United States Bureau of Foreign (1955). Investment in Philippines: Conditions and Outlook for United States Investors. U.S. ... 7322 states that a pregnant employee who has paid at least three monthly maternity contributions to the Social Security System ... Retirement Pay Article 287 of the Philippine Labor Code states that, the retiring age of an employee is sixty years or more but ...
"National Climatic Data Center". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. June 23 ... Harris County Hospital District operates the Baytown Health Center in Baytown. The center opened on February 14, 1967.[42] ... Finance/insurance/. real estate. 6% Agriculture/forestry/. fishing/hunting/mining. 4% Public administration. 4% ... "United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.. *^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. ...
Public Health Service, or the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. Regardless, graduates are required to maintain their ... maritime insurance, or defense contracting.[citation needed] ... United States Naval Academy. *United States Coast Guard Academy ... on matters relating to the United States Merchant Marine Academy to the President of the United States and the United States ... The United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA or Kings Point) is a United States service academy in Kings Point, New York. ...
... the United States National Institutes of Health department studying alternative medicine, currently named the National Center ... insurance carriers, and hospital providers". American Journal of Health Promotion. 12 (2): 112-22. doi:10.4278/0890-1171-12.2. ... National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ... United States, 2007". National Health Statistics Reports (12): 1-23. PMID 19361005.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ...
United States insurance companies used to offer foundation insurance, which was reduced to coverage for damage due to leaks, ... Types of homeowners insurance policies[edit]. According to a 2018 National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) report ... Types of insurance. Health. *Accidental death and dismemberment. *Dental. *Disability (Total permanent disability) ... "home and contents insurance". Relative to the insurance policies of the United States, building and contents coverage offers a ...
The poor of any age were more likely than others to lack health insurance coverage; ... Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical ... State rankingsEdit. Rank. State. Population as of. 1990 Census[4]. Population as of. 2000 Census[4]. Change. Percent. change. ... "United States Census Bureau. December 28, 2000. Retrieved August 24, 2012.. *^ "Ranking Tables for Incorporated Places of ...
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 88 (5): 3223-3227. Bibcode:1991PNAS...88.3223M ... In the United States, a PET scan is estimated to be ~$5,000, and most insurance companies don't pay for routine PET scans after ... "Department of Health. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.. *^ "MBS online". Australian Government Department of ... National Isotope Development Center-U.S. government source of radionuclides including those for PET-production, research, ...
United Australia Menzies Minister for Labour and National Service 28 October 1940 (1940-10-28) 29 August 1941 (1941-08-29) 344 ... National Disability Insurance Scheme. *Finance. *Public Service. *Foreign Affairs. *Health. *Home Affairs ... Special Minister of State. *Youth and Sport. *Trade, Tourism and Investment. *Treasurer ... Nationals Abbott Assistant Minister for Employment 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) 15 September 2015 (2015-09-15) 2 years, 3 ...
State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP/CHIP). *United States National Health Care Act ... Not to be confused with Medicare (United States).. United States social health care program for families and individuals with ... However, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius that states do ... In some states Medicaid is subcontracted to private health insurance companies, while other states pay providers (i.e., doctors ...
United Kingdom. Bristol. Leeds. Sheffield. Southampton. York. United States. Massachusetts Amherst. Rochester. ... National Cheng Kung University. Ghana. Ghana. Ireland. Dublin. Mexico. Tecnológico de Monterrey. Netherlands. Maastricht. ... "".. External link in ,title=. ( ... Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care. *Centre for International Health ...
"Health Profile: Nepal" (PDF). United States Agency for International Development. March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) ... based on the National Neonatal Health Strategy 2004. The National Nutrition Program under Department of Health Services has ... In 2012, the Nepalese government decided to launch a pilot program on universal health insurance in three districts of the ... The demand for health services is further lowered by the lack of health education. Reproductive health care is neglected, ...
National health policies and plans: The national health policy is based on the Federal Constitution of 1988, which sets out the ... Similar to the early years of EM in the United States, emergency department physicians in Brazil come from different specialty ... An estimated 25% of the population is covered by at least one form of health insurance; 75% of the insurance plans are offered ... The National Epidemiology Center (CENEPI), an agency of the National Health Foundation (FUNASA) coordinates the national ...
He is a critic of the for-profit health insurance and pharmaceutical industries in the United States, and is concerned about ... "National Public Radio. Retrieved 2009-08-20.. *^ a b c Nichols, John (2009-07-17). "A Real Win for Single-Payer Advocates". The ... and actually implementing a single-payer system for the United States, as newly unbound states would show single-payer's ... Kucinich supports same-sex marriage.[127] Kucinich voted for the expansion of hate crime laws in the United States and against ...
"The Case For Single Payer, Universal Health Care for the United States". Retrieved 4 May 2009.. ... A database of objectives covering medical knowledge, as suggested by national societies across the United States, can be ... Depending upon the health insurance plan and the managed care system, various forms of "utilization review", such as prior ... Community health or public health is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community ...
... and is United States' second largest municipal health system, after NYC Health + Hospitals.[3] ... HWLA helped narrow the large gap in access to health care among low-income populations by extending health care insurance to ... Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center (RLANRC). Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, LAC+USC Medical Center, and Olive View- ... My Health LA[edit]. Main article: My Health LA. Healthy Way LA[edit]. Healthy Way LA (HWLA) was a free public health care ...
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100 (2): 567-71. Bibcode:2003PNAS..100..567L. ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.. ... which was often not reimbursed by insurance companies.[161] Subsequently, hundreds of vaccine recipients reported they had ... United States[edit]. CDC map showing the risk of Lyme disease in the United States, particularly its concentration in the ...
United Kingdom. In the United Kingdom chiropractic is available on the National Health Service in some areas, such as Cornwall ... findings from the joint Canada/United States Survey of Health, 2002-03". BMC Health Serv Res. 6: 49. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-6-49 ... In Australia, most private health insurance funds cover chiropractic care, and the federal government funds chiropractic care ... Chiropractic in the United States: Training, Practice, and Research (PDF). Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Policy and ...
East New York is a residential neighborhood in the eastern section of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City, United States. ... NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.. *^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan ... It was replicated in other parts of the city and country and led to national legislation.[19] The Nehemiah homes were funded by ... FHA's inability to respond to its new mandate to include inner city neighborhoods in the FHA single family mortgage insurance ...
The Dream Home Giveaway, one of the largest national fund-raising programs, is conducted in cities across the United States. ... pediatric research organizations in the United States where families never pay for treatments that are not covered by insurance ... Novant Health Hemby Children's Hospital, in Charlotte, North Carolina. *Huntsville Hospital for Women & Children, in Huntsville ... Jude has treated children from across the United States and from more than 70 countries. Doctors around the world consult with ...
The Mental Health Advisory Teams of the United States Army employ OHP-related interventions with combat troops.[139][140] OHP ... OHP research at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health[edit]. Main article: National Institute for ... 2012). Annual statistical report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2011. Washington, DC: Author. [9] ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ...
The band continued to release new material into the 1990s, although none of their material charted in the United States. The ... The band returned to the national spotlight on 20 February 2003. At the beginning of a Jack Russell's Great White performance ... The insurer has previously said that $1 million was the maximum amount of the band's insurance policy.. ... In December 2011, Jack Russell, having recovered from his health issues, obtained a licensing agreement from Great White, and ...
A growing number of public and commercial health insurance plans in the United States now contain defined benefits covering sex ... Norton, A. T.; Herek, G. M. (2013). "Heterosexuals' attitudes toward transgender people: findings from a national probability ... In 2017, the United States Defense Health Agency for the first time approved payment for sex reassignment surgery for an active ... However, in the United States many experienced surgeons are able to apply the WPATH SOC in ways which respond to an ...
United StatesEdit. Music therapy has existed in its current form in the United States since 1944 when the first undergraduate ... or health care agency are often reimbursable by insurance and sources of funding for individuals with certain needs. Music ... Kakadu National Park - Rock art styles *^ Sayers, Andrew (2001) [2001]. Australian Art (Oxford History of Art) (paperback). ... World War II and research and endorsements from both the United States Army and the Surgeon General of the United States. ...
Today, there are many Hoa communities in Australia, Canada, France, United Kingdom and the United States, where they have ... "The workers and laborers among the Chinese nationals are allies of the Vietnamese revolution". One year after the state of ... and health care, they had not been granted citizenship and continued to be regarded by the government as refugees. Their ... an insurance provider, and many restaurants) and sixteen banks including the Bank of China, the Agricultural Bank, and the ...
Bhumibol was born at Mount Auburn Hospital in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States, on 5 December 1927.[22] He was ... Declining health. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how ... National Gallery, Bangkok. 1982. ASIN B0007CCDMO. See also. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bhumibol Adulyadej ( ... Deves Insurance, and Shin Corporation.[13] ... Bhumibol addresses a joint session of the United States ...
Megabus and National Express operate long-distance services from South West England to all parts of the United Kingdom. ... Ptolemy stated that Bath was in the territory of the Belgae,[38] but this may be a mistake.[39] The Celtic gods were worshipped ... HealthEdit. The population in the region with the highest obesity level is Sedgemoor in Somerset, with 73.4%, the fifth in the ... LV= (insurance) is at Frizzell House at Westbourne at the County Gates Gyratory A35/A338 roundabout. JPMorgan have their large ...
... they must place top priority on health, safety, and comfort of their hens and submit to independent United States Department of ... the State Humane Association of California; and leading national organizations like Farm Sanctuary, the National Federation of ... Similar laws enacted in the United States and Europe[edit]. As of November 2008, five states have enacted laws in support of ... Arizona State University, and Craig Reed, DVM, Former Deputy Administrator, Food Safety & Inspection Service, United States ...
The United States should not ban genetically modified crops. (82% agree). *A minimum wage increases unemployment among young ... health insurance (several questions), medical malpractice, barriers to entering the medical profession, organ donations, ... Economists also work for various government departments and agencies, for example, the national treasury, central bank or ... The United States should eliminate agricultural subsidies. (85% agree). *An appropriately designed fiscal policy can increase ...
In contrast, the Constitution of the United States, which was the principal model for the Australian Constitution, restricts ... Deputy Prime Minister and Nationals leader Barnaby Joyce MP,[38][39][40][41] Deputy leader of the Nationals and Senator Fiona ... The ministers, all with law degrees, were Health Minister Greg Hunt, Human Services Minister Alan Tudge and Assistant Minister ... Constitution (Cth) s 64 Ministers of State. *^ a b c Blackshield, T (15 May 1997). "Section 44(i) and (iv) of the Australian ...
United Kingdom. NHS. National Health Service. Public (NHS) All countries (including those above) will accept free-form text for ... State. state. State. optional - UK: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland; US: the US state name; CA: province name ... Useful markups include Public ([[Ontario Health Insurance Plan,OHIP]]). funding. The hospital funding source; may be one of the ... United States).. Organisation[change source]. (displayed as 'Organization' if country set as Canada or United States, to ...
... and using online chat groups to learn about health.[24] Recent evidence suggests that provision of health insurance coverage ... United States[edit]. US FDA official inspects package suspected of containing counterfeit drugs at an international mail ... "Kenya plans national roll-out of mobile anti-counterfeiting tech". Retrieved March 12, 2012.. ... The United States has a growing problem with counterfeit drugs. In 2012, tainted steroids killed 11 people near Boston and ...
National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2002-2003 and 2012-2013†. * Information on health insurance coverage is ... Source: Health, United States, 2014 with special feature on the health of the current 55-64 year age group who within the next ... QuickStats: Health Insurance Coverage Among Adults Aged 55-64 Years, by Type of Coverage* - ... In 2012-2013, persons aged 55-64 years were less likely to have private health insurance coverage (69.8%) than persons in the ...
... by health insurance status in the United States, during 2006-2010, according to the National Health Interview Survey. The ... by Health Insurance Status† - National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2006-2010. ... Childrens Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plans, Medicare (disability ... Children without health insurance also were more likely than children with public or private health insurance coverage to have ...
Why Is Free Health Insurance Wrong. 739 Words , 3 Pages. *. Persuasive Essay On National Health Insurance. 1515 Words , 7 Pages ... Reid 3) The United States isnt the only country that rations health care. Even the countries that provide medical coverage for ... Persuasive Essay On National Health Insurance. 1515 Words , 7 Pages. And the Americans that do have health insurance, often ... fines businesses who do not provide health insurance to full time employees, expand existing federal and state health plans, ...
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Learn how your situation will impact the type of insurance that is available. ... There are different types of health insurance plans to meet different needs. ... A person is eligible for private health insurance through the Marketplace if she:. *Lives in the United States ... Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a state and federal combined health insurance program for children in families ...
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207,611.65M , United States National Health Insurance Service $72,427.44M , Republic Of Korea ... Establishments in the Hospitals subsector provide inpatient health services, many of which can only be provided using the ... and other health services to inpatients and the specialized accommodation services required by inpatients. Hospitals may also ...
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This paper examines the implicit health insurance households receive from the ability to declare bankruptcy. Exploiting ... National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email ). 1050 Massachusetts Avenue. Cambridge, MA 02138. United States. ... in the United States, or +1 212 448 2500 outside of the United States, 8:30AM to 6:00PM U.S. Eastern, Monday - Friday. ... JEL Classification: Health insurance, bankruptcy, Affordable Care Act (ACA), social insurance. Suggested Citation: Suggested ...
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... doctors now favor switching to a national health care plan and fewer than a third oppose the idea, according to a survey ... The United States has no single organized health care system. Instead it relies on a patchwork of insurance provided by the ... Of more than 2,000 doctors surveyed, 59 percent said they support legislation to establish a national health insurance program ... We asked doctors directly and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, most doctors support national health insurance," ...
Of more than 2,000 doctors surveyed, 59 percent said they support legislation to establish a national health insurance program ... The 2002 survey found that 49 percent of physicians supported national health insurance and 40 percent opposed it. ... doctors now favor switching to a national health care plan and fewer than a third oppose the idea, according to a survey ... that opinions have changed substantially since the last survey in 2002 and as the country debates serious changes to the health ...
Nicholas Laham: Why the United States lacks a national health insurance program, Westport, Conn. [u.a.] : Greenwood Press, 1993 ... National Health Insurance (NHI) Health care in the United Kingdom - National Insurance Health care compared Health care ... National health insurance (NHI), sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI), is a system of health insurance that ... National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) Health care in Israel Health care in Italy - National Health Service (SSN) Healthcare ...
Access: % without Health Insurance. Quality. Health Care Market. Competition large number of buyers and sellers Information ... Health Care Issues. Cost - To Society Access Quality. Cost. ... United States Medicare (elderly) {Parts A & B} Medicaid (poor) ... 1973: Health Maintenance Organizations (tax and regulatory preferences) *1974: National Health Planning and Resources ... Health Care Issues. Cost - To Society Access Quality. Cost. Access: % without Health Insurance. Quality. Health Care Market. ...
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"Physicians for a National Health Program. Retrieved September 26, 2012.. *^ Uninsured vs. Insured Lack of health care coverage ... "Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015". *^ Bureau, US Census. "Health Insurance Coverage in the ... "Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015". *^ CBO-Federal Subsidies for Health Insurance Coverage ... "Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2016". *^ Commonwealth Fund-First Look at Health Insurance ...
... governs the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). The VICP, administered by the Secretary of Health and Human ... as enacted by the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, as amended (the Act), ... Subtitle 2 of Title XXI of the Public Health Service Act, ... The President of the United States manages the operations of ... National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program: Calculation of Average Cost of a Health Insurance Policy. A Rule by the Health ...
National Academy of Social Insurance. *National Association of States United for Aging and Disabilities (NASUAD) ... the Childrens Health Insurance Program, public and private sector employee health benefits programs, health care financing, ... In establishing the Rashi Fein Internship in Health Policy, the National Academy of Social Insurance recognizes and honors his ... National Academy of Social Insurance. Privacy Policy Contact Us 1200 New Hampshire Avenue, NW • Suite 830 • Washington, DC ...
National Association of States United for Aging and Disabilities (NASUAD). *U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor ... National Academy of Social Insurance. Privacy Policy Contact Us 1200 New Hampshire Avenue, NW • Suite 830 • Washington, DC ... major improvements in health insurance, Medicare, consumer health protections, cost savings, and anti-fraud measures. It was ... The National Academy of Social Insurance, as a nonpartisan organization devoted to furthering knowledge and understanding of ...
  • Information on health insurance coverage is collected at the time of interview. (
  • In addition, unknowns with respect to office visits and health insurance coverage were excluded from the denominators. (
  • Health insurance status indicates coverage at the time of interview. (
  • Public coverage includes Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plans, Medicare (disability), or military health plans (TRICARE, VA, or CHAMP-VA). Children with both public and private insurance coverage were included in the private coverage category. (
  • Children without health insurance also were more likely than children with public or private health insurance coverage to have had only one health-care visit during the past 12 months. (
  • Like car insurance, private health insurance requires someone to choose a plan and agree to pay a certain amount each month-known as a premium-in exchange for coverage. (
  • Medicaid is a public state and federal combined health insurance program, which provides health insurance coverage to low-income children and adults who meet certain eligibility criteria. (
  • The implicit insurance from bankruptcy distorts the insurance coverage decision. (
  • An estimated 47 million people have no insurance coverage at all, meaning they must pay out of their pockets for health care or skip it. (
  • These funds (which may be run by public bodies, private for-profit companies, or private non-profit companies), must provide a minimum standard of coverage and are not allowed to discriminate between patients by charging different rates according to age, occupation, or previous health status (pre-existing medical conditions). (
  • According to a Blue Cross Blue Shield estimate, for every 1 percent increase in the cost of health insurance premiums due to mandated benefits, 3 percent of small employers are forced to drop health coverage for their employees. (
  • U.S. health insurance coverage by source in 2016. (
  • Health insurance coverage in the United States is provided by several public and private sources. (
  • [2] During the year 2016, 91.2% of Americans had health insurance coverage. (
  • [3] Despite being among the top world economic powers, the US remains the sole industrialized nation in the world without universal health care coverage. (
  • [5] At over 27 million, higher than the entire population of Australia, the number of people without health insurance coverage in the United States is one of the primary concerns raised by advocates of health care reform . (
  • Analyzing these statistics is more challenging due to persons with multiple sources of insurance, such as those with coverage under both an employer plan and Medicaid. (
  • Of the 90 million with other coverage, 57 million were covered by Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), 12 million were covered by the ACA/Obamacare exchanges, 11 million were covered by the ACA Medicaid expansion, and 10 million had other coverage, such as private insurance purchased outside the ACA exchanges. (
  • It was his hope that the scholar-applicant for this internship would share his interests in using legislative, oversight, and administrative tools to improve health coverage and quality in an efficient, cost-effective manner. (
  • The Pete Stark internship is for graduate students interested in developing, advocating, and implementing in Congress and/or Executive Branch agencies legislation, regulations, and policy initiatives to improve health coverage and quality in the U.S. in an efficient, cost-effective manner. (
  • This usage includes both private insurance programs and social insurance programs such as Medicare, which pools resources and spreads the financial risk associated with major medical expenses across the entire population to protect everyone, as well as social welfare programs like Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program, which both provide assistance to people who cannot afford health coverage. (
  • Different health insurance provides different levels of financial protection and the scope of coverage can vary widely, with more than 40% of insured individuals reporting that their plans do not adequately meet their needs as of 2007. (
  • Gallup issued a report in July 2014 stating that the uninsured rate for adults 18 and over declined from 18% in 2013 to 13.4% by in 2014, largely because there were new coverage options and market reforms under the Affordable Care Act. (
  • A major trend in employer sponsored coverage has been increasing premiums, deductibles, and co-payments for medical services, and increasing the costs of using out-of-network health providers rather than in-network providers. (
  • The Affordable Care Act of 2010 was designed primarily to extend health coverage to those without it by expanding Medicaid, creating financial incentives for employers to offer coverage, and requiring those without employer or public coverage to purchase insurance in newly created health insurance exchanges. (
  • The Japanese health care system provides universal coverage to a healthy but aging population. (
  • In 2019, the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for family coverage including both the worker and employer contribution was $20,576. (
  • Which of the following Democratic presidential candidates has a proposal to give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan ("public option") or keep their private insurance? (
  • All of the above Democratic presidential candidates have either introduced or support proposals that would give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan, unless they prefer to keep their private insurance. (
  • Congressman John Conyers was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill to provide universal coverage that had Medicare for all in the title, called: The United States National Health Insurance Act (or the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act) on February 11, 2003. (
  • This bill provides universal health coverage for us all! (
  • Beat the Tuesday, December 15, 2020 deadline to enroll in health coverage that starts January 1, 2021. (
  • If you have Medicare coverage, you're not eligible to use the Marketplace to buy a health or dental plan. (
  • U.S. territories can decide whether to create their own Health Insurance Marketplace® or expand Medicaid coverage. (
  • The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System has put forward a comprehensive set of policy options to achieve near-universal health insurance coverage while reforming the U.S. health care system to achieve nearly $3 trillion in savings by 2020. (
  • The new report, How Health Care Reform Can Lower the Costs of Insurance Administration, says that it is possible to achieve near-universal coverage, improve health care quality and efficiency, and lower the trajectory of health care costs through a comprehensive private-public approach to health reform. (
  • Our initial expansion into Japan , securing reimbursement coverage in the country, our first commercial system installation and now the official treatment of the first patient under the new health policy are such important milestones for us as we work to expand access to people around the world who may benefit from the NeuroStar treatment,' said Chris Thatcher , President and CEO of Neuronetics. (
  • Life expectancy in Canada and much of Western Europe is about two years longer than in the U.S. 47 million Americans have no health insurance, and private coverage is often so full of gaps that even insured Americans often face bankruptcy in the face of a major illness. (
  • While single-payer health care systems throughout the world have varied and unique approaches to health care financing and health delivery, most provide universal coverage, give patients free choice of providers and hospitals, and guarantee coverage and equal access for all medically necessary procedures. (
  • Republic President Theodore Roosevelt was the first to call for national health insurance and universal coverage in the early 20th century, and in recent memory the Clinton administration failed to deliver on promised health care reform. (
  • Throughout the century, powerful social justice movements championed the call for universal coverage, while public opinion has overwhelmingly supported guaranteed health care for all. (
  • Why has universal health coverage consistently failed in the United States, and what hope is there for guaranteed health care for all in the future? (
  • Dr. Woolhandler will probe the political, social, and economic facts and distortions surrounding single-payer health coverage and what's at stake if the United States fails to extend comprehensive health care to all. (
  • But it still had a poor country's health care - about half the population had no coverage at all. (
  • In other words, if someone else's oxcart has found a good route to universal health coverage, follow those tracks. (
  • For decades Egypt has been trying to reach a high level of healthcare insurance coverage. (
  • Examples were shown from countries that have universal healthcare coverage, and the importance of building health technology assessment (HTA) as the audit and system core for new interventions and technologies assessment was discussed, followed by building a taskforce team putting the reform standard operating procedure to improve the process, and a cycle of meetings to track progress every three months. (
  • 4. Mixed systems: Contain elements of both traditional sickness insurance and national health coverage (e.g. (
  • The first was to expand health insurance coverage. (
  • 3 4 The second was to end the unfair practices of the private health insurance industry, such as denying coverage to anyone with a "pre-existing medical condition" or rescinding coverage when a patient gets ill. (
  • They also pay 18% lower health care deductibles and a smaller share of the costs for family coverage. (
  • Approximately 14% of the population, 46 million people, remain without any health insurance at all, either not getting proper treatment or visiting hospital emergency clinics, where the cost is indirectly transferred to patients who do have coverage. (
  • The US is unique among advanced nations in that the majority of its population (54%) obtains medical coverage through mostly private workplace health plans. (
  • The estimated 174 million Americans who depend on job-based health coverage, including workers and their family members, represent nearly two-thirds of those with medical insurance of some kind, and they comprise the group most directly at risk in the slow-motion implosion of the healthcare system. (
  • As dedicated capitalists, they know the prescribed remedy: Treat employee health coverage as unnecessary overhead and reduce or eliminate it. (
  • The majority (71%) of women aged 15-44 who sought contraceptive services at Title X-funded health centers in 2016 had public or private health insurance coverage, according to a new analysis by Guttmacher researchers Megan Kavanaugh , Mia Zolna and Kristen Burke . (
  • Of those who had insurance, 83% planned to use their coverage to pay for the contraceptive services they received. (
  • It is encouraging that most women had health insurance coverage and planned to use it to obtain contraceptive services at the time of this survey," says Kavanaugh , lead author of the analysis. (
  • However, we found that coverage gaps still existed among contraceptive patients at Title X-funded health centers, and ongoing attempts to undermine the accessibility of health insurance may cause those gaps to widen. (
  • Although the majority of patients had health insurance coverage, disparities in coverage between U.S.-born and immigrant Title X patients mirrored differences between these groups documented in the broader population . (
  • Under the Affordable Care Act [ACA], we have taken important steps toward closing health insurance coverage gaps," says Kinsey Hasstedt , Guttmacher policy expert. (
  • The law's goals include broadening insurance coverage and it requires companies with more than 50 employees to offer health insurance for employees who work 30 hours a week or more. (
  • Last week, United Parcel Service Inc. told non-union employees that their spouses would no longer qualify for company-sponsored health insurance if they could get coverage through their own jobs. (
  • Moreover, nearly one in four Americans has either no insurance or such poor coverage that a major illness may bankrupt them. (
  • 3 The methods, scope, and coverage of the U.S. occupational safety and health surveillance system have changed over time to include an ever-increasing proportion of economic activity. (
  • Medicare provides insurance benefits in several different areas including hospital stays, post-hospital skilled nursing care, and prescription drug coverage. (
  • There are gaps in its coverage, however, which individuals may elect to cover through private "Medigap" insurance plans, or, if they are eligible, Medicaid. (
  • Medicare is a social insurance program administered by the United States government providing health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over, or who meet other special criteria. (
  • To address this issue, we use data from the 2001 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to examine the association between health insurance preferences and coverage status. (
  • We find that adults with weak or uncertain preferences for health insurance are more likely than persons with strong preferences to be uninsured and less likely to acquire coverage. (
  • Our econometric work indicates that workers with weak or uncertain preferences are less likely to obtain job offers with insurance, reinforcing prior evidence that workers sort among jobs according to preferences for coverage. (
  • Our results suggest a dual approach to expanding coverage that includes both subsidies and educational efforts to inform targeted groups among the uninsured about the value of health insurance. (
  • Health Insurance Enrollment Decisions: Preferences for Coverage, Worker Sorting, and Insurance Take-up, " INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, vol 45(2), pages 153-167. (
  • The health insurance questions on the NHIS define uninsured as lacking health coverage in the previous month. (
  • With regard to Medicaid coverage expansion, Bettigole said that states should be allowed to relax the requirements for documented proof of citizenship. (
  • Line colour indicates whether the nation has universal health coverage (blue) or not (red. (
  • Well, in my previous post, I already stated that I have a healthplan with a $5150 deductible and 100% coverage thereafter, including prescriptions. (
  • This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-11-268 entitled 'Private Health Insurance: Data on Application and Coverage Denials' which was released on March 16, 2011. (
  • United States Government Accountability Office: GAO: Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Labor: March 2011: Private Health Insurance: Data on Application and Coverage Denials: GAO-11-268: GAO Highlights: Highlights of GAO-11-268, a report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Labor. (
  • Why GAO Did This Study: The large percentage of Americans that rely on private health insurance for health care coverage could expand with enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) of 2010. (
  • GAO also reviewed a year or more of the available data from six states on the rates of application and coverage denials and the rates and outcomes of appeals related to coverage denials. (
  • The six states included all states identified by experts and in the literature as collecting data on the rates of application or coverage denials and together represented over 20 percent of private health insurance enrollment nationally. (
  • The available data from the six states in GAO s review and others indicated that the rates of coverage denials, including rates of denials of preauthorizations and claims, also varied significantly. (
  • The state data indicated that coverage denial rates varied significantly across states, with aggregate rates of claim denials ranging from 11 percent to 24 percent across the three states that collected such data. (
  • President Obama has announced details of a new American plan that will reduce the number of people who do not have adequate health care coverage. (
  • These allow regular people to obtain insurance despite having various medical conditions that might normally make them ineligible for coverage. (
  • It will have the effect of lowering the number of people who live without health insurance coverage in the country. (
  • This will mean, however, that over 15 million people in the United States will still be without coverage. (
  • To discourage crowd-out from the commercial insurance pool, the law also limited availability of the program to individuals without other forms of potential coverage and imposed waiting periods before patients could access the program after losing private coverage. (
  • An analysis conducted by the Center for Health Law and Policy Innovation at Harvard Law School and the Treatment Access Expansion Project used data from the Ryan White AIDS Drug Assistance Program to estimate the number of ADAP clients who might be newly eligible for coverage by state. (
  • Effects on Health Insurance and the Federal Budget for the Insurance Coverage Provisions in the Affordable Care Act-May 2013 Baseline. (
  • 2012. Monitoring HIV care in the United States: A strategy for generating national estimates of HIV care and coverage . (
  • To combat this issue, president Obama introduced the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, to encourage Americans to sign up for health insurance to be able to afford healthcare. (
  • This enormous gap between what the United States does in the world and what Americans think their nation is doing is one of the great propaganda accomplishments of the dominant political mythology. (
  • A Congressional Budget Office study estimates that for every 1 percent increase in premiums, 200,000 Americans lose their insurance. (
  • Prohibitively high cost is the primary reason Americans give for problems accessing health care. (
  • Professor Fein was a prominent participant in the effort to bring about a fair and equitable program of universal national health insurance for all Americans. (
  • The Rashi Fein Internship in Health Policy seeks outstanding graduate and upper division undergraduate students interested in promoting equitable access for all Americans to high quality, affordable, cost-effective health care. (
  • The share of Americans without health insurance has been cut in half since 2013. (
  • Despite spending nearly twice as much on health care as residents of other nations, Americans have relatively poor health and access to health care. (
  • 2 More than 46 million Americans are uninsured, and a recent study estimated that about 45 000 deaths a year are associated with lack of insurance. (
  • Equally troubling, the money spent (roughly $2 trillion annually) does not guarantee adequate or affordable health care for all Americans. (
  • Nevertheless, a sufficient number have found the will to stand up and back changes that would make health care affordable for millions of poor, working-class and middle-class Americans. (
  • The nasty combination of political opposition, and bungling implementation may leave as many as 30 million Americans without health insurance . (
  • This allows the existing network of health insurance providers to continue to offer policies to Americans. (
  • Massachusetts consumers will receive more than $15 million in health insurance refunds this year as a result of the Affordable Care Act, according to data released Thursday morning by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • The Council of Nonprofits and its State Association network worked hard to ensure that The Affordable Care Act and related regulations included a provision that gives small nonprofits (those with. (
  • Starbucks Corp. Chief Executive Howard Schultz said on Monday that his company, which provides healthcare to employees who 20 hours a week or more, would not cut health benefits or reduce hours for employees in anticipation of the U.S. Affordable Care Act. (
  • Congress reauthorized CHIP once in 2009 under the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act and extended its life further within provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. (
  • Estimating the Transition of People Living with HIV/AIDS to Medicaid or Subsidized Private Health Insurance through the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , 2012. (
  • Funding for Medicaid and CHIP expanded significantly under the 2010 health reform bill. (
  • These pathbreaking studies will be a significant resource for policymakers and scholars interested in comparative health care systems as well as those interested in health care reform in the United States. (
  • Health reform can help pay for itself but both private and public in. (
  • The new report How Health Care Reform Can Lower the Costs of Insuranc. (
  • Congressional leaders are attempting to keep 10-year federal budget costs of health care reform legislation under $1 trillion. (
  • Health reform can help pay for itself, but both private and public insurance choices are critically important," said Commonwealth Fund President Karen Davis, who coauthored the new report. (
  • Savings from the mixed private-public reform approach would be realized through less marketing and underwriting, reduced costs of claims administration, less time spent negotiating provider payment rates, and fewer or standardized commissions to insurance brokers. (
  • Why does health care reform matter to charitable nonprofits? (
  • Basically, he was citing the "fact" that doctors would quit being doctors if there was major health care reform because they won't make as much money. (
  • This was the largest mail survey of physicians ever done on health care reform. (
  • Dr. Stephanie Woolhandler , Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and founder of "Physicians for a National Health Program," will present her lecture Health Reform: The Need for Single Payer National Health Insurance as part of the Weissman Center's Fall 2009 series, Rethinking Healthcare on Wednesday, November 18, at 7:30 pm in Gamble Auditorium , Art Building, at Mount Holyoke College. (
  • 1 So began the story of successive American presidents trying and failing to achieve comprehensive health reform. (
  • Health care reform represents a significant opportunity to reduce administrative complexity in the current system," said Sara Collins, a vice president at The Commonwealth Fund and a coauthor of the new report. (
  • These days, many progressives are expressing deep disappointment with the health reform legislation now moving through Congress. (
  • But in this case, I think it is important to recognize that we cannot expect this first piece of health reform legislation to be anything but wildly imperfect. (
  • I've been watching the struggle for health care reform since the early 1970s, and compared to what has happened over the past 39 years, this is mind -boggling. (
  • Today, without reform, if that family tried to buy insurance, it would find that the average plan costs $13,500. (
  • The combination of successful Medicaid expansions in the late 1980s and early 1990s and the failure of the Clinton health reform proposals of the mid-1990s prepared the stage for both Democrats and Republicans to cooperate in fashioning an extension of health insurance for 10.1 million uninsured near-poor children that would not establish a new entitlement program. (
  • Another important milestone in health affairs came with the incorporation of the original Marine Service Hygienic Laboratory into the National Institutes of Health , which became the federal government's major mechanism for performing, funding, and directing medical and health research. (
  • The study was supported by the National Institutes of Health. (
  • NeuroStar was the first TMS device to receive United States Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, clearance in 2008 and the first to receive Shonin approval from Japan's Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) in 2017 as a proven treatment for adults with MDD for whom medication has not worked. (
  • In December 2017, the United States recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. (
  • Study results were based on a March 2017 mail survey of farmers and ranchers in 10 study states and interviews with farm families in each of the study states in 2016. (
  • Membership in the clinic plan cost $4 per year for IWO insurance holders (approximately $68 in 2016 dollars), and included a gynecological exam, contraceptives, and follow-up exams. (
  • National health expenditures are projected to grow 4.7% per person per year from 2016 to 2025. (
  • The authors surveyed a nationally representative sample of 2,911 women aged 15-44 who sought contraceptive care at 43 Title X-funded health centers between March and October 2016. (
  • Use of Health Insurance Among Clients Seeking Contraceptive Services at Title X-Funded Facilities in 2016 ," by Megan Kavanaugh , Mia Zolna and Kristen Burke , is currently available online in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health . (
  • The vast majority of farmers and ranchers (92 percent) reported that they and their families had health insurance in 2016 but that it frequently came from off-farm employment. (
  • What share of total national health expenditures was spent on retail prescription drugs in 2018? (
  • The United States leads all other industrialized countries in the share of national health care expenditures devoted to administration. (
  • As states were establishing their programs in the early years of CHIP, the federal allotments exceeded state expenditures. (
  • What was the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for a family of four in 2019, taking into account both the employer and the worker contributions? (
  • Participants Individuals aged 18-65 with continuous enrollment in the health plan from January 2019 to the date of a diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (
  • In March 2019, the United States recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights. (
  • To this end, Semenov and his colleagues analyzed information from a national health insurance claims database, identifying 14,378 patients with cancer who received immune checkpoint inhibitors in the United States between 2011 and 2019. (
  • Eligibility depends on the type of private insurance. (
  • has a list of state Medicaid profiles that details eligibility requirements. (
  • Unlike Medicaid, which is jointly funded by federal and state governments and has eligibility criteria which vary from state to state, Medicare is fully funded by the federal government and its criteria are consistent nationwide. (
  • To prevent states from shifting children from Medicaid to a program with greater federal cost sharing, the law mandated a maintenance-of-effort obligation and strict screening of Medicaid eligibility. (
  • In establishing the Rashi Fein Internship in Health Policy, the National Academy of Social Insurance recognizes and honors his long, productive career and his substantial accomplishments. (
  • To apply for the Congressman Pete Stark Internship in Health Policy, please see the Internship Application . (
  • The National Quarantine Service Act was passed by Congress in 1878, the year that 9,000 people died in a yellow fever epidemic in New Orleans , Louisiana , and Memphis , Tennessee . (
  • In 1890, Congress passed an appropriation bill for the National Quarantine Service, which became the United States Public Health and Marine Hospital Service in 1902, and ultimately the United States Public Health Service in 1912. (
  • Recognizing that records of births and deaths alone would not completely indicate the impact of illness and disease on the population, Congress, in 1893, passed a bill to collect weekly morbidity data from states and cities throughout the country, a practice that continues to this day. (
  • The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. (
  • The goal of the Congressman Pete Stark Health Policy Internship is to offer graduate students a hands-on experience in developing, advocating, and implementing in Congress and/or Executive Branch agencies legislation, regulations, and policy initiatives to improve America's health. (
  • She is also co-founder of Physicians for a National Health Program and testified about uninsured veterans before Congress in 2007. (
  • For nearly 100 years, U.S. presidents and Congress have tried and failed to provide health care for all. (
  • Dr. Chen will be in Washington to attend the April 14 World Health Congress as a keynote speaker and panelist. (
  • The head of the newly renamed Department of Resources and Development is Peter Christian, the former Speaker of the national congress. (
  • Sixteen years ago, the 105th Congress, responding to the needs of 10 million children in the United States who lacked health insurance, created the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) as part of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. (
  • Congress provided $40 billion in block grants over 10 years for states to expand their existing Medicaid programs to cover the intended populations, to erect new stand-alone SCHIP programs for these children, or to effect some combination of both options. (
  • Insurance companies, retailers and other employers have joined forces with unions and other interest groups to propose their own plans. (
  • Rising insurance costs have contributed to a trend in which fewer employers are offering health insurance, and many employers are managing costs by requiring higher employee contributions. (
  • Small group market insurance is for small business employers looking to insure two to 50 employees. (
  • Before the agreement, both the United States and the Slovak Republic, under certain circumstances, could require employers and employees to pay social security taxes to both countries on the same earnings. (
  • For certain federal or state government contracts, employers must pay the so-called prevailing wage as determined according to the Davis-Bacon Act or its state equivalent. (
  • Before the agreement, employees, employers and self-employed people could, under certain circumstances, be required to pay Social Security taxes to both the United States and Finland for the same work. (
  • American employers are feeling the effects of the inflation in health costs, which is running at 8% per year and cutting into profits. (
  • Since its peak in the 1970s, reports The Economist, the share of American workers receiving health insurance from their employers has fallen by nearly a third. (
  • Employer-based health insurance simply can't work in an era when unions are weak and the last thing employers are contemplating is increasing worker compensation in any way. (
  • Over half (59 percent) of farm and ranch families received benefits through public sector employers (health, education and government). (
  • I have reluctantly come to the conclusion that we should begin drafting a single-payer national health insurance plan. (
  • PNHP is a non-partisan, single-issue organization advocating for a universal, comprehensive single-payer national health program. (
  • This legislation would establish a single-payer national health insurance program in the United States. (
  • In America there are millions of people who don't have healthcare insurance. (
  • The United States already spends a greater percent of our national income on health care than any other country - an amount equal to $4,700 for every person in America, or $18,800 for a family of four! (
  • The Democratic Party ( DNC ) is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America , along with the Republican Party . (
  • Looking for another horrible example of bizarre government, it is tempting ti cite Malaysia, America''s gun friendly legislation is as much a stain on the national reputation as is Malaysia''s incapacity to explain what happened to one of its planes and 226 passengers, if indeed, it got that number correct. (
  • Of more than 2,000 doctors surveyed, 59 percent said they support legislation to establish a national health insurance program, while 32 percent said they opposed it, researchers reported in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. (
  • Advocates of mental health parity propose legislation that would require all private health insurance to establish the same deductibles and co-payments for physical and mental health care services. (
  • We sent each physician a survey asking 2 questions: 1) In principle, do you support or oppose government legislation to establish national health insurance? (
  • 59% of all physicians supported government legislation to establish national health insurance. (
  • 1 The resulting legislation, Title XXI of the Social Security Act (42 USC 7, §§1397aa-1397mm), inserted a provision into the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (Pub L No. 105-33, 111 Stat 251) that encouraged states to establish programs to provide health insurance to noncovered children who lived in families with incomes up to 200% of the federal poverty level. (
  • A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. (
  • The National Academy of Social Insurance, as a nonpartisan organization devoted to furthering knowledge and understanding of social insurance programs, is uniquely qualified to provide students with challenging internship opportunities. (
  • 6 More recently, BLS researchers in the QCEW program revisited matching their data with the IRS Exempt Organization Business Master File (EOBMF) and created research data on the nonprofit sector that incorporate both information from the EOBMF and information on "reimbursable" establishments identified in state unemployment insurance reports. (
  • Egypt's Ministry of Health (MoH) covers 17% of the population, 1 and the Health Insurance Organization (HIO) covers 58.2% of Egyptians. (
  • We examine the effect of Medicaid on a variety of health outcomes using two data sources: the National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) of hospital discharges. (
  • Using the NHIS, we examine the effect of Medicaid participation on maternal ratings of child health and maternal reports of the number of bed days in the past year (i.e. morbidity). (
  • The NHIS is the principal source of information on the health of the civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States. (
  • The NHIS, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is an annual cross-sectional survey of approximately 43,000 households and 106,000 persons. (
  • The main objective of the NHIS is to monitor the health of the United States population through the collection and analysis of data on a broad range of health topics. (
  • The health insurance portion of the NHIS questionnaire is presented in Appendix C. (
  • The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), a department of DHHS, administers Medicare, Medicaid , the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA). (
  • or SCHIP as it has been known at some points) provided states with federal assistance to create programs specifically designed for children from families with incomes that exceeded Medicaid thresholds but that were insufficient to enable them to afford private health insurance. (
  • This allows everyone to have insurance and would be controlled by the government. (
  • Everyone would have health insurance with this plan, because it is something that the government provides for everyone. (
  • Why has the United States government supported counterinsurgency in Colombia, Guatemala, El Salvador, and many other places around the world, at such a loss of human life to the populations of those nations? (
  • In implementing health policy, the United States government began by taking care of its own - its armed forces and veterans. (
  • In the early twentieth century, when the federal government began taking a more active interest in medicine and public health , its interest was limited to preventing or attacking epidemic diseases, through quarantine and sanitation improvement, with a very modest commitment of public funds. (
  • Over the years, the collection of health statistics evolved as a function of state and local government , mainly in recognition of the need for vital statistics in resolving legal matters. (
  • This data provided the federal government and the states with an epidemiological basis for the support of public health programs. (
  • Health officials appointed by political leaders and government officials must define public health policy and programs within the framework of pertinent legislation and what is acceptable to the political leadership. (
  • National or statutory health insurance does not equate to government-run or government-financed health care, but is usually established by national legislation. (
  • In countries such as Canada, payment is made by the government directly from tax revenue and this is known as single-payer health care. (
  • To protect the interest of both patients and insurance companies, the government establishes an equalization pool to spread risks between the various funds. (
  • The government may also contribute to the equalization pool as a form of health care subsidy. (
  • Socialized costs: Insurance (government and private). (
  • Government tax benefits subsidize expensive insurance. (
  • To sever United States' government relations with the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma until such time as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma restores full tribal citizenship to the Cherokee Freedmen disenfranchised in the March 3, 2007, Cherokee Nation vote and fulfills all its treaty obligations with the Government of the United States, and for other purposes. (
  • The President of the United States manages the operations of the Executive branch of Government through Executive orders. (
  • Depending on availability, placement opportunities for Fein interns may include assignments in the legislative, administrative or regulatory agencies of the federal government or private, not-for-profit organizations with interests in health policy. (
  • Projects will emphasize policy research and design, and/or related activities around current health care issues facing the federal government. (
  • Health insurance in the United States is any program that helps pay for medical expenses, whether through privately purchased insurance, social insurance, or a social welfare program funded by the government. (
  • The National Library building is closed temporarily until further notice, in line with ACT Government COVID-19 health restrictions. (
  • None of the major Democratic presidential candidates have endorsed establishing a national health service in the United States, where physicians would be employed by the government, similar to the British health care system. (
  • While Gore did not include a government health care option on his platform for his failed presidential bid in 2000 against George W. Bush, he did later " favor " the policy while speaking on an ABC News panel in 2002. (
  • Health insurance is a common employee benefit because there is no government sponsored national health insurance in the United States, and premiums are deductible on personal income tax. (
  • The government consulted experts from around the world, like Taiwanese American health economist Tsung-mei Cheng. (
  • To finance the scheme they chose a national insurance system: a single, government-run fund that forces everybody to join in and pay. (
  • The bill goes directly to the government insurance office and is paid automatically. (
  • The person then gets a visit from the government, the Bureau of National Health Insurance, and they have a little chat. (
  • Wal-Mart's extension of health insurance to domestic partners comes after the U.S. Supreme Court in June forced the federal government to recognize same-sex marriages in states where it is legal. (
  • Medicare is very different from Medicaid , a government assistance program that provides health care benefits to certain categories of low-income individuals, although they are often associated. (
  • It is not clear how the new attorney general will represent the nation before the FSM Supreme Court, and how much damage this action has done to the reputation, image, and legitimacy of the national government. (
  • Yosiwo George, the former governor and chief justice of Kosrae and most recently the manager of MiCare, the national government health insurance program, is the new FSM ambassador to the United States. (
  • Texas Gov. Rick Perry said his fellow White House hopefuls are heartless for criticizing his support of providing government funds to help lower tuition rates for university students in his state who did not enter the United States legally. (
  • Given the pressing nature of their health insurance concerns, farmers are also seeking help from the federal government. (
  • Mr. Stark served as the Chair or Ranking Member of the Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health for 28 years, helping enact (often on a bipartisan basis) major improvements in health insurance, Medicare, consumer health protections, cost savings, and anti-fraud measures. (
  • Long-term care insurance : hearings before the Subcommittee on Health of the Committee on Ways and M. (
  • Subcommittee on Health. (
  • In addition to working papers , the NBER disseminates affiliates' latest findings through a range of free periodicals - the NBER Reporter , the NBER Digest , the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability , and the Bulletin on Health - as well as online conference reports , video lectures , and interviews . (
  • The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this. (
  • You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email. (
  • Health, United States, 2014 with special feature on the health of the current 55-64 year age group who within the next 10 years will enter the Medicare program. (
  • Interest groups that form around public health issues constitute another source of program advocacy. (
  • She is also a co-founder of Physicians for a National Health Program. (
  • We speak to the report's co-author, Dr. Steffie Woolhandler, professor of medicine at Harvard University and co-founder of Physicians for a National Health Program. (
  • Looking back, Truman wept and warned: "I've had some bitter disappointments as President, but the one that has troubled me most, in a personal way, has been the failure to defeat the organized opposition to a national compulsory health insurance program. (
  • PNHP, Physicians for a National Health Program is standing firm, a great group and site. (
  • By contrast about 6.1 percentor $60 billionof the $974 billion in public program health care spending went for administrative costs in 2007. (
  • That includes federal, state, and local governments' administrative costs for public health programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program. (
  • However, between 2005 and 2006, Medicare's annual administrative costs jumped from $12 billion to $20 billion, largely because of increased payments to cover the administrative costs of private health and drug plans participating in the program. (
  • Dr. Shaw will be speaking on behalf of Physicians for a National Health Program (PNHP). (
  • A comprehensive national program would shift the focus to care for all at lower cost. (
  • Citizens of all industrialized countries - except the United States and South Africa - go to bed at night knowing that a national program means that medical care is theirs when they need it. (
  • SUSAN ABRAMS DAVID DANIELSON Committee for a National Health Program Cambridge, Mass. (
  • This article refers to Medicare, a United States health insurance program. (
  • Medicare is a federally funded health insurance program in the United States , designed to cover older individuals and those who meet other special criteria. (
  • While the United States does have a national health care provider, Medicaid, the decision was made not to expand this program but instead to work with the existing frame work of private providers. (
  • The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) emerged as a consequence of previous policy experiences and political realities that characterized the late 1990s. (
  • Using a level of federal matching funds in excess of that provided to the Medicaid program (70% of the cost of the program, on average, compared with 57% for Medicaid), 2 states were enabled to craft programs that were either extensions of their existing Medicaid programs or new stand-alone programs or a combination of both. (
  • The new legislation budgeted $40 billion for the 10 years of the program as a capped block grant to states rather than as an entitlement. (
  • Private health insurance includes both individual plans and group plans. (
  • Private health plans vary in their health and mental health benefits, but typically offer fewer mental health services than Medicaid or public mental health programs. (
  • Medicaid plans have low costs, but the choice of mental health professionals may be more limited than in private health insurance plans. (
  • Play media A study at Johns Hopkins Hospital found that heart transplant complications occurred most often amongst the uninsured, and that patients who had private health plans fared better than those covered by Medicaid or Medicare. (
  • Perhaps MyKids can provide an example of the kind of care that he should get (with the fortress of private health insurance approach) but which a less protected 'other' shouldn't be reimbursed for. (
  • Every day, there are hundreds of people who go into hospitals and emergency rooms for treatment and are turned away for lack of health care. (
  • People can find out if they are eligible for health insurance through a job by asking a supervisor or human resources (HR) department. (
  • If a state has Medicaid Expansion, people can be covered by a version of Medicaid if they earn up to 138% of the FPL. (
  • Consequently, some people tend to have to pay more for their health insurance when they are sick and/or are least able to afford it. (
  • According to the United States Census Bureau , in 2012 there were 45.6 million people in the US (14.8% of the under-65 population) who were without health insurance. (
  • Bob Rosenblatt, Academy senior fellow and former Los Angeles Times Washington correspondent will report on the people and the maneuvers that led to this major expansion of social insurance. (
  • Since people who lack health insurance are unable to obtain timely medical care, they have a 40% higher risk of death in any given year than those with health insurance, according to a study published in the American Journal of Public Health. (
  • but the people of this country, refusing to be coerced by threats or violence, voted as they pleased, and lawfully elected Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States. (
  • The researchers concluded that data from NHANES 2005-2008 suggest that approximately 1.6 million people in the United States have undiagnosed glaucoma. (
  • Since the enactment of the ACA in 2010, the number of people without health insurance has decreased from 46.5 million in 2010 to 27.9 million in 2018-- a decrease of approximately 20 million. (
  • The proposed Universal Health Insurance system, with equal access to health care for all, based on need and not on the ability to pay, could greatly improve the provision of health services for people with disabilities in Ireland. (
  • People with disabilities have higher level of health needs than the general population. (
  • Any deficiencies with the Universal Health Insurance system introduced in Ireland could disproportionately disadvantage people with disabilities. (
  • With regard to the impact on people with disabilities key concerns centre around equitable access to services, access to insurance and the potential for excessive supplementary or out-of-pocket payments for the individual. (
  • Out-of-pocket payments disproportionately impact on people with disabilities because of their higher levels of health needs. (
  • People with disabilities must be able to negotiate the insurance process and receive the appropriate services to meet their needs. (
  • There must be no incentives for insurers to selectively recruit people with lower levels of health needs or to impose financial disincentives for people accessing services. (
  • Comprehensive regulation and monitoring of Universal Health Insurance services should take into account the specific needs of people with disabilities. (
  • These are the people who shop for insurance on the health insurance exchanges at the state or federal level. (
  • With extremely limited exception by which he or she is entitled to be protected, all non-citizen U.S. nationals are people born in American Samoa or abroad with one or more American Samoan parents under certain conditions. (
  • An agreement effective May 1, 2014, between the United States and the Slovak Republic improves social security protection for people who work or have worked in both countries. (
  • Savings from these new efficiencies can be used to extend health insurance to people who can't afford it and to improve benefits. (
  • Well, the risk of dying is actually elevated by about 40 percent among people who have no health insurance, and there's just under 1.5 million uninsured veterans nationally. (
  • The MHLW also continues to promote employment of people with mental disabilities to break the stigma often associated with mental health. (
  • An agreement effective November 1, 1992, between the United States and Finland improves Social Security protection for people who work or have worked in both countries. (
  • That may be too much like Big Brother for some people in the United States, but surveys show the Taiwanese are highly satisfied with their health care. (
  • Determinants of Health explains how the economic choices people make influence health and health behaviors. (
  • About 1.1 million people, including workers' family members, are currently covered by Wal-Mart health-care plans in the United States. (
  • In 2018, the Knesset passed the "Basic Law: Israel - The Nation State of the Jewish People. (
  • and exercising the right to national self-determination in the State of Israel is unique to the Jewish People. (
  • Bettigole gave three examples of patients from her practice, people who were eligible for insurance before the ACA was passed, but who encountered barriers as they tried to obtain that insurance: A Portuguese-speaking man applied for Medicaid after a devastating assault requiring surgery. (
  • On Tuesday the American people cast their votes electing a new President of the United States. (
  • People covered by the national programs are able to obtain required medical treatment as needed. (
  • Health care costs also factor into farm succession issues, potentially denying young people access to land to farm. (
  • Lack of access to affordable health insurance could potentially drive young people away from farming, the research found. (
  • KFF analysis of data from the CDC NCHHSTP Atlas on the number of people living with an HIV diagnosis by state. (
  • With health care a top issue in the 2020 election, test your knowledge about health facts, policy issues and proposals that are emerging among the presidential candidates. (
  • New York, NY, July 16, 2009As lawmakers debate how to pay for an overhaul of the nation's health care system, a new report from The Commonwealth Fund projects that including both private and public insurance choices in a new insurance exchange would save the United States as much as $265 billion in administrative costs from 2010 to 2020. (
  • The United States experienced it after creating Medicare and Medicaid. (
  • He played a significant role in the development of the Medicare and Medicaid programs and was unquestionably a lifelong advocate for the social insurance model. (
  • The introduction of Universal Health Insurance has been associated with increased health spending and mixed effects on health outcomes. (
  • His work on health capital defined the framework for economists' modeling health outcomes, and his broad empirical agenda has led the way in applying the model. (
  • National health insurance is not only the best answer, it is the only answer to eliminating health disparities. (
  • This is because some can't afford the insurance plan. (
  • This means that they are paying for an insurance plan, but the deductibles are so high they can't afford to go to the doctor. (
  • Every health plan offered in the Marketplace is required to cover 10 types of services, or " Essential Health Benefits . (
  • Medicaid mental health services vary by state and may vary within a state by plan. (
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - More than half of U.S. doctors now favor switching to a national health care plan and fewer than a third oppose the idea, according to a survey published on Monday. (
  • Contenders in the election for president in November all have proposed various changes, but none of the major party candidates has called for a fully national health plan. (
  • The Indiana survey found that 83 percent of psychiatrists, 69 percent of emergency medicine specialists, 65 percent of pediatricians, 64 percent of internists, 60 percent of family physicians and 55 percent of general surgeons favor a national health insurance plan. (
  • But this opposition has only delayed and cannot stop the adoption of an indispensable federal health insurance plan. (
  • Everyone knows that getting the insurance industry out of healthcare would give you better healthcare delivery and cost you less, but conservatives oppose the plan because. (
  • Many activist groups are organized to push 676, but some are already giving in to insurance companies, and thus encouraging a half-way, destined to fail, plan. (
  • A public insurance plan can help drive new efficiencies in the system that will produce large cost reductions. (
  • The Detroit auto maker is constrained from a wholesale abandonment of its employee health plan by its strong union. (
  • Setting Three merged data sources from a large United States health plan: a large national administrative claims database, an outpatient laboratory testing database, and an inpatient hospital admissions database. (
  • Four single-item global ratings (personal doctor, specialty care, overall rating of health plan, and overall rating of health care) and five multiple-item report composites (access to needed care, provider communication, office staff helpfulness, promptness of care, and health plan customer service) from CAHPS 1.0 were examined. (
  • The plan also imposes new restrictions on the ways that companies can do business in the health insurance sector. (
  • The new health plan grants businesses and individuals tax credits that can offset the cost of medical policies. (
  • Medicaid is a federally funded health care plan that covers many senior citizens and those with very low incomes. (
  • The plan to grant tax credits for insurance policy payments seeks to make such policies less expensive. (
  • Patients using the emergency rooms are not charged for the privilege, if they are enrolled in the public health care plan. (
  • And among farmers and ranchers 18 to 64 years old, one out of four (24 percent) purchased a plan in their state's insurance marketplace. (
  • In most states who have not expanded Medicaid, adults without children are not eligible unless they live with a disability and receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI). (
  • In addition to medical expense insurance, "health insurance" may also refer to insurance covering disability or long-term nursing or custodial care needs. (
  • This working paper was commissioned by the National Disability Authority and prepared by Gavin Davidson, Berni Kelly and Geraldine Macdonald, School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work, Queen's University Belfast, and Alison Martin, Maria Rizzo, Oluwaseye Abogunrin and Louise Lombard, Matrix Evidence, London. (
  • The views and opinions contained in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the National Disability Authority. (
  • For the United States, the agreement covers Social Security taxes (including the U.S. Medicare portion) and Social Security retirement, disability, and survivors benefits. (
  • The agreement covers Social Security taxes (including the U.S. Medicare portion) and Social Security retirement, disability and survivors insurance benefits. (
  • In addition to retirement, survivors and disability benefits, Finnish Social Security taxes cover several other programs including sickness and maternity insurance and child allowance benefits. (
  • Individuals who are under 65 and meet the citizenship or residency requirements may be eligible for Medicare if they are disabled and have received other forms of assistance such as Social Security or Social Security Disability Insurance for a minimum of 24 months. (
  • Many other countries have national plans, including Britain, France and Canada, and several studies have shown the United States spends more per capita on health care, without achieving better results for patients. (
  • The United States spends $2 trillion a year on health care, the highest per capita spending for health care in the world. (
  • I also believe that those who favor overhauling our health care system should send a strong signal to legislators: we support you for having come this far. (
  • Germany has the world's oldest national social health insurance system, with origins dating back to Otto von Bismarck's Sickness Insurance Law of 1883. (
  • Grossman's approach has led to a major stream of literature in the field, sparking contributions by the world's leading health economists, including Joseph Newhouse, Jonathan Gruber, Amy Finkelstein, Michael Greenstone, and David Cutler. (
  • Morton Hunt's useful article ''A Common-Sense Guide to Health Insurance'' (May 3) needs to be considered in this larger context: Why does the world's wealthiest nation indulge in a health system so chaotic, expensive and inefficient that such guides are necessary? (
  • Pet Insurance plans offered and administered by Pets Best Insurance are underwritten by Aetna Insurance Company of Connecticut (AICC). (
  • This article reviews salient features of national occupational safety and health surveillance systems within a cross section of countries, including the United States. (
  • This article examines the properties and features of selected national occupational safety and health (OSH) surveillance systems, focusing on their data collection characteristics. (
  • 2 This article examines the properties and features of a selected cross section of national occupational safety and health (OSH) surveillance systems, focusing on collection and, to a lesser degree, analysis and dissemination. (
  • Over the succeeding years, responsibility for vital statistics within the states was usually lodged within health departments, where the data were used to support maternal and child health programs, to define problems in communicable disease control, and to anticipate the problems of chronic diseases. (
  • In 1912, two important pieces of health legislation were enacted, one creating the Children's Bureau and inaugurating maternal and child health programs, and the other changing the name of the Marine Hospital Service to the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) and authorizing it to conduct field investigations and studies. (
  • Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (
  • The cost of administering the U.S. health care system totaled nearly $156 billion in 2007, and that figure is expected to doublereaching $315 billionby 2018. (
  • Notably, six in 10 Title X patients reported that this facility provided their only source of broader health care over the past year, illuminating the important role that Title X-funded health centers play as an entry point into the health care system. (
  • This year, Wal-Mart began to offer U.S. employees and their dependents free heart and spine surgeries at six major health centers. (
  • The article describes a wave of pro-gun legislation in various US states that would allow the carrying of weapons in bars, airports, shopping centers, schools and college campuses, all justified as means of defense against other gun carriers. (
  • Establishments in the Hospitals subsector provide inpatient health services, many of which can only be provided using the specialized facilities and equipment that form a significant and integral part of the production process. (
  • A 2011 study found that there were 2.1 million hospital stays for uninsured patients, accounting for 4.4% ($17.1 billion) of total aggregate inpatient hospital costs in the United States. (
  • National health insurance (NHI), sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI), is a system of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care. (
  • In addition to direct medical costs, some national insurance plans also provide compensation for loss of work due to ill-health, or may be part of wider social insurance plans covering things such as pensions, unemployment, occupational retraining, and financial support for students. (
  • Health care costs, which tend to be high at extremes of age and other specific events in life, such as during pregnancy and childbirth, can be contributed to the pool over a lifetime (i.e., higher when earning capacity is greatest to meet costs incurred at times when earning capacity is low or non-existent). (
  • In a more technical sense, the term "health insurance" is used to describe any form of insurance providing protection against the costs of medical services. (
  • The costs of treating the uninsured must often be absorbed by providers as charity care, passed on to the insured via cost-shifting and higher health insurance premiums, or paid by taxpayers through higher taxes. (
  • A comprehensive picture of costs in Japan's effective and efficient health care system. (
  • Topics include the macro-and microeconomics of health care, technology and costs, institutions and costs, attitudinal and behavioral aspects, and the politics of health care. (
  • Despite the fact that nearly all of Massachusetts residents are insured (primarily through their employer), approximately 25 percent have financial problems because of high health care costs . (
  • Standards like these created under the health care law are providing Massachusetts residents with immediate savings and are helping to keep costs down over the long-term. (
  • On the other hand, an insurance exchange that provided a choice of private plans only would increase administrative costs by $32 billion over the same period. (
  • In addition, costs incurred by physicians in their transactions with health plans are estimated to be as high as $31 billion a year. (
  • About 12.4 percentor $96 billionof the $775 billion in privately insured health care spending went for administrative costs in 2007. (
  • The absence of underwriting and profits has kept the administrative costs of public insurance programs relatively low. (
  • The third was to curb the spiralling costs of health care, which were threatening to explode the federal budget. (
  • Medical spending, led by doctor, hospital and drug costs, has risen 40% since 2000, and health-insurance premiums have more than kept pace (the greed of insurers knows no bounds), rising by 60% over the same period. (
  • US Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., who notes that a GM car built in Canada (where health insurance is socialized) costs $4 an hour less to manufacture, sardonically calls GM "a healthcare company that makes cars to pay for the health care. (
  • Throughout its history, Medicare has experienced and continues to experience steady increases in spending due to challenges such as a growing aged population, concerns about waste and fraud, and increases in health care costs, which have led to projections of financial insolvency. (
  • The study found that health-related costs are a cross-sector risk for agriculture, tied to farm risk management, productivity, health, retirement, the need for off-farm income and land access for young and beginning farmers," said Alana Knudson, co-director of the NORC Walsh Center. (
  • Almost half (45 percent) of the farmers surveyed said they're concerned they will have to sell some or all of their farm or ranch assets to address health related costs such as long-term care, nursing home or in-home health assistance. (
  • These findings indicated that many farmers will need to sell their land, their most valuable asset, to the highest bidder when they need cash to cover health-related costs," Inwood said, "making it more difficult for young farmers to afford land and increasing the likelihood farmland is sold for commercial development. (
  • Understanding health policy : a clinical approach / Thomas S. Bodenheimer, Kevin Grumbach. (
  • And there are liberals who say U.S. policy is foolish and relies too heavily on military solutions and should be more flexible and co-optive when protecting and advancing the interests of the United States (with such interests usually left unspecified). (
  • The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. (
  • The President of the United States communicates information on holidays, commemorations, special observances, trade, and policy through Proclamations. (
  • The scope of the Fein Internship reflects Professor Fein's concept of health policy as an expansive field of interest, study, and endeavor that encompasses the work of agencies, organizations, and individuals in the public, private/non-profit, and academic sectors of society. (
  • In each sector, the health policy process brings to bear a wide variety of disciplines and analytic methods on a broad array of issues and concerns relevant to the health and well-being of the public. (
  • Students pursuing courses of study in health policy, health economics, public policy, social policy, or related subjects are urged to apply for this 12-week summer semester internship in Washington, DC. (
  • All are stakeholders, to varying degrees in, and with differing perspectives on, the health policy process. (
  • Academy members, recognized experts in social insurance and health policy, offer the interns access to information and experiences found nowhere else. (
  • The application window for the Congressman Pete Stark Health Policy Internship has closed. (
  • You will also find a library of articles on health policy and information on H.R. 676, the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act. (
  • Collections: Health Policy and Services Research / Recently Added: Within 3 Months / Subjects: United States. (
  • The weak response by the uninsured to policy initiatives encouraging voluntary enrollment in health insurance has raised concerns regarding the extent to which the uninsured value health insurance. (
  • Benefits for the Medicaid Expansion population vary by state. (
  • Young farmers who had taken advantage of the Medicaid expansion in their states told the researchers in interviews that it allowed them to provide health insurance for their children and have time and energy to invest in the farm or ranch rather than having to seek a full-time off-farm or ranch job with benefits. (
  • Supported by the American Public Health Association , the National Board of Health, and the Marine Hospital Association, the Office of the Census was created in 1902, but a birth and death registration system did not cover the entire nation until 1933. (
  • In 1946, the federal vital statistics function was transferred from the Census Bureau to the U.S. Public Health Service. (
  • These two laws have largely defined the roles of federal, state, and local jurisdiction regarding public health activities and programs. (
  • The Great Depression of the 1930s provided the opportunity for a nationwide survey of 700,000 households in eighty-three urban areas, and the results were used over the next twenty years as baseline data for promoting public health programs. (
  • This often leads to the politicization of public health issues and results in political debate instead of public health discourse. (
  • By contrast, Civil Service appointees, by virtue of their career protection, can more easily take independent positions on controversial public health issues without threats to their professional careers. (
  • Their estimates are based on their recently published findings in the American Journal of Public Health that shows how being uninsured raises a person's odds of dying prematurely by 40 percent. (
  • Dr. Shaw graduated from University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health in 1976. (
  • This collection of Michael Grossman's most important papers adds essential background and depth to his work on economic determinants of public health. (
  • The Romans advanced public health and sanitation through the construction of aqueducts, baths, sewers, and hospitals. (
  • GAO interviewed HHS and state officials and researchers about factors to consider when interpreting the data. (
  • The history of the United States has been one of territorial and economic expansionism, with the benefits going mostly to the U.S. business class in the form of growing investments and markets, access to rich natural resources and cheap labor, and the accumulation of enormous profits. (
  • What Mental Health Benefits Are Covered? (
  • When you apply for benefits - You may have some social security credits in both the United States and the Slovak Republic, but not enough to qualify for benefits in one country or the other. (
  • And they're mostly working families, folks who don't have the money to buy private insurance, but they have too much money to qualify for Medicaid or means-tested VA benefits. (
  • Employer compensation in the United States refers to the cash compensation and benefits that an employee receives in exchange for the service they perform for their employer. (
  • Dr. Shaw writes, "Health care has become an unaffordable business monopoly that benefits the medical community and corporations the most, and patients the least. (
  • Unionized workers receive more generous health benefits than nonunionized workers. (
  • A company with generous health benefits won by United Auto Worker negotiators over many years, GM is now in trouble -- it's cutting 30,000 jobs worldwide, including a quarter of its domestic workforce -- and looking for a way out of its expensive healthcare obligations. (
  • Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said on Tuesday it will offer health insurance benefits to domestic partners of its U.S. employees starting next year, following the lead of other major companies. (
  • Sixty-two percent of the Fortune 500 already offer health benefits for domestic partners, according to the Human Rights Campaign's 2013 Corporate Equality Index. (
  • Annual U.S. health insurance premiums rose an average of 5 percent for individuals and 4 percent for families in 2013, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation's 2013 Employer Health Benefits Survey released on Aug. 20. (
  • Additionally, since the introduction of the ACA into the American healthcare system, insurance premiums have not increased at the same rate they have previously. (
  • [8] As a result of her Soviet experience, Appel became thoroughly and permanently disillusioned with the Soviet system, and even more committed to providing safe and accessible health care for women in the United States. (
  • Adventist Health System/Sunbelt, Inc. (
  • The survey suggests that opinions have changed substantially since the last survey in 2002 and as the country debates serious changes to the health care system. (
  • The United States has no single organized health care system. (
  • Across the board, more physicians feel that our fragmented and for-profit insurance system is obstructing good patient care, and a majority now support national insurance as the remedy," Ackermann said in a statement. (
  • In some countries, such as Australia's Medicare system, the UK's National Health Service and South Korea's National Health Insurance Service, contributions to the system are made via general taxation and therefore are not optional even though use of the health system it finances is. (
  • This system of health insurance continued in force until the creation of the National Health Service in 1948 which created a universal service, funded out of general taxation rather than on an insurance basis, and providing health services to all legal residents. (
  • However, parity legislation is more likely to make the current system worse, by imposing an arbitrary rule that would make it even more difficult for doctors, patients and insurers to find better ways of delivering health care. (
  • This collection provides an authoritative study of successful cost-containment in the Japanese health care system-a chronicle of success that is neither a statistical illusion nor a result of sociocultural factors. (
  • This system has resulted in the provision of quality health care to the entire population at roughly half the cost of American health care. (
  • Former Vice President Al Gore told a crowd at Borough of Manhattan Community College on Tuesday night that he would like to see a single-payer health care system implemented in the United States. (
  • I think we've reached a point where the entire health care system is in impending crisis," Gore said at the time. (
  • Gore is not alone in his push for the single-payer health care system, as several progressives have been vocal over recent months about the system being the next step for Democrats, HuffPost reported. (
  • The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System h. (
  • It's time we faced the illness in our national health care system. (
  • And yet, our health care system isn't functioning very well. (
  • If that isn't enough, consider that our health care system is perhaps the single most important contributor to inflation: between 1950 and 1965, our national rate of inflation was running between 1 and 1.7 per cent. (
  • So while we were looking for cures for what ailed our national health, it seems to me that we were ignoring the real illness: a financially leaky health care system , one that has been operating under the rule that the more hospitals spend, the more money they in turn collect -- but more on this later. (
  • In short, our health care system lacks incentives to hold down the cost of doing business. (
  • About 10 years ago, Taiwan created a national health care system from scratch by adopting good ideas from other countries. (
  • So Taiwan set out to design a national health care system from scratch. (
  • They wanted a system that gave everybody equal access to health care - free choice of doctors, with no waiting time - and a system that encouraged a lot of competition among medical providers. (
  • Islam Anan of Kantar Health explores the healthcare system in Egypt in pharmaphorum's emerging markets themed month. (
  • Kantar Health worked with Roche to present orientation sessions to HIO and MoH department heads on what is meant by "integrated healthcare system. (
  • 2. National health insurance: National-level health insurance system (e.g. (
  • Although Egypt started as a national health service back in the 1950s, it now is considered a mixed system. (
  • What Germany has done in the way of old age pensions or insurance," he said "should be studied by us, and the system adapted to our uses. (
  • How is each national OSH surveillance system set up? (
  • Does the national OSH system include any data collection exceptions or exemptions? (
  • The ACA will directly impact individuals and their interactions with the health care system in many ways. (
  • The new American health care reforms will still result in a system quite unlike those in many other countries. (
  • These countries offer health care to citizens in a socialized system. (
  • Without insurance throughout the first half of 1996. (
  • 1. Traditional sickness insurance: Fundamentally a private insurance market approach with state support (e.g. (
  • The ACA provides subsidies to low income families and individuals, fines businesses who do not provide health insurance to full time employees, expand existing federal and state health plans, and sets a standard for health insurance policies. (
  • There are different types of health insurance plans designed to meet different needs. (
  • Individual plans may be purchased by a single person or a family directly through an insurer or through the Health Insurance Marketplace . (
  • Private plans that are available through a job that cover mental health services typically will cover some level of the following. (
  • S 2818, Small Busienss Health Plans Act of 2008. (
  • Instead it relies on a patchwork of insurance provided by the federal and state governments to the elderly, poor, disabled and to some children, along with private insurance and employer-sponsored plans. (
  • In 2011, approximately 62 percent of enrollees received upfront value from their insurance plans. (
  • Central to this proposal is the creation of a national insurance exchange that would largely replace the individual and small-group insurance markets, offering families and business a choice of private or public plans with a benchmark standardized-benefit package. (
  • Unionized workers are more likely than their nonunionized counterparts to receive paid leave, are approximately 18% to 28% more likely to have employer-provided health insurance, and are 23% to 54% more likely to be in employer-provided pension plans. (
  • More than half of its 1.3 million U.S. employees are on its health-care plans. (
  • Boise, Idaho-based Pets Best Insurance provides pet insurance plans that reimburse pet owners for a straightforward 80 percent of veterinary services after a deductible, with no benefit schedules or fee restrictions. (
  • Pets Best Insurance plans do not include age restrictions and allow the pet owner to choose any licensed veterinarian. (
  • This material describes Pets Best Insurance plans in general terms. (
  • All pet insurance plans have limitations and exclusions. (
  • To examine racial/ethnic group differences in adults' reports and ratings of care using data from the National Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) survey Benchmarking Database (NCBD) 1.0. (
  • Adult data from the NCBD 1.0 is comprised of CAHPS 1.0 survey data from 54 commercial and 31 Medicaid health plans from across the United States. (
  • KCMU and Urban Institute estimates based on data from FY 2010 MSIS and CMS-64 reports, available at . (
  • National healthcare insurance programs differ both in how the contributions are collected, and in how the services are provided. (
  • If you're considered a "resident" of the United States for tax purposes, you're eligible to use the Marketplace. (
  • Every Democratic president since FDR has failed to pass national health insurance. (
  • Passing national health insurance has obsessed every Democratic president since Franklin Roosevelt. (
  • And from our first day in office, we have made the pursuit of a comprehensive peace a top priority because we are convinced that Israel's long-term future as a secure and democratic Jewish state depends on it. (
  • There are also millions more who have health insurance, but can't afford using it. (
  • ACS discharges are known to be sensitive to medical intervention and are objective measures of children's health. (
  • Children's Health Insurance Patterns: A Review of the Literature. (
  • Formative years : children's health in the United States, 1880-2000 / edited by Alexandra Minna Stern, Howard Markel. (
  • Because unionized workers are more informed, they are more likely to benefit from social insurance programs such as unemployment insurance and workers compensation. (
  • Lack of health insurance is associated with increased mortality, in the range 30-90 thousand deaths per year, depending on the study. (
  • The study estimated that in 2005 in the United States, there were 45,000 deaths associated with lack of health insurance. (
  • So applying those odds to those folks, it turns out that there's almost 2,300 folks who die-veterans who die every year due to lack of health insurance. (
  • JFK pleads for universal health care in Madison Square Garden in 1962. (
  • Many other nations use non-profit national health insurance (also known as "Single-Payer" or "Medicare-for -All") to achieve universal, affordable health care. (
  • On Sunday 21 March 2010, at 10.45 pm in Washington, DC, after a year of rising and falling political fortunes, Barack Obama, the 44th president, brought the story to an end with the passage of a bill that achieves near universal health insurance. (
  • Founded in 2007, the North American Pet Health Insurance Association (NAPHIA) members work collaboratively towards establishing and maintaining universal and professional standards for terminology, best practices, quality, and ethics in the pet health industry. (
  • Findings suggest that population health programmes including screening and preventative health programmes need to be protected through tax-based financing and provided for outside of an insurance based model. (
  • Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • Industries in the Hospitals subsector provide medical, diagnostic, and treatment services that include physician, nursing, and other health services to inpatients and the specialized accommodation services required by inpatients. (
  • The provision of services may be through either publicly or privately owned health care providers. (
  • Among developed countries, the history of health economics teaches one clear lesson: If you increase demand without increasing supply, you end up paying higher prices for the same services with which you began. (
  • An increase in the demand for mental health services will not produce an increase in supply unless there are unemployed or underutilized doctors, nurses, facilities and so forth. (
  • The extra services received by some mental health patients would be offset by fewer services available to other patients. (
  • A 2008 systematic review found consistent evidence that health insurance increased utilization of services and improved health. (
  • 2009). Bismarck systems, implemented in countries such as France and Germany, are characterised by the use of a range of Social Health Insurance providers who are usually independent of the providers of health services. (
  • Consumers saved $4.1 billion in 2013 in health insurance premiums, according to data released Thursday from the Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • The 80/20 rule is bringing transparency and competition to the insurance market, ensuring that consumers are continuing to receive value for their premium dollars,'' said Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia M. Burwell in a statement. (
  • Health Insurance Marketplace® is a registered trademark of the Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • 3. National health services: State provides the healthcare (e.g. (
  • Those obtaining care at clinics specializing in reproductive health, including Planned Parenthood sites, were most likely to have chosen their health center because of the availability of free or low-cost services and the confidentiality of care. (
  • More than one-quarter of patients who had health insurance but did not use it to pay for services cited concerns that someone might find out about their seeking family planning care. (
  • For workers, the Budget emphasises job creation and expenditure on the "social wage," including access to health services, education, social security, transport and municipal infrastructure. (
  • In 1977, it was transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). (
  • If you have comments concerning the accuracy of the time estimate(s) or suggestions for improving this form, please write to: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, OS/OCIO/PRA, 200 Independence Ave., S.W., Suite 336-E, Washington D.C. 20201, Attention: PRA Reports Clearance Officer. (
  • GAO reviewed newly available nationwide data collected by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) from 459 insurers operating in the individual market on application denials from January through March 2010. (
  • Department of Health and Human Services, Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents (2013). (
  • The figure above shows health-care visits for children aged 1-17 years, by health insurance status in the United States, during 2006-2010, according to the National Health Interview Survey. (
  • In the early years of the nation, the health of the general population was addressed only in activities aimed at the control of epidemics. (
  • In recent years, the MHLW amended the Industrial Safety and Health Act to require that companies offer an annual stress check to monitor employees' mental health. (
  • And in those same years, the national hospital bill was going up at a rate of 9 per cent per year . (
  • In general, Medicare is available to U.S. citizens, or permanent legal residents having at least five consecutive years of residence in the United States, who are 65 years or older. (
  • Yosiwo George served a couple of years as head of the FSM mission at the United Nations in New York. (
  • Data reported by Maryland the only of the six states in GAO s review identified as collecting data on the incidence of application denials indicated that variation in application denial rates across insurers has occurred for several years, with rates ranging from about 6 percent to over 30 percent in each of 3 years. (
  • Years ago I had some limited success with The United States: A Study of a Developing Country . (
  • A number of farmers in their 50s we spoke with said they had left off-farm employment in the last five years to commit to full-time farming because they and their families would not be denied health insurance in the individual market due to pre-existing conditions," Knudson said. (
  • was unable to pass the Republican health care bill to replace Obamacare this week. (
  • Large group market insurance is typically employer-sponsored insurance policies for 50 or more employees. (
  • Of course it would be possible, through economic incentives, to induce personnel to switch to mental health from some other health care field. (
  • Studies show that managed care can reduce the cost of mental health care. (
  • Japan faces one of the highest suicide rates in the world, 2 though the country has an increased focus on addressing mental health and wellness. (
  • Dr. Nakamura added, ' Japan has come a long way in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health. (
  • While a mental health assessment is required by the standards of care, psychotherapy is not an absolute requirement but is highly recommended. (
  • If significant medical or mental health concerns are present, they must be reasonably well-controlled. (
  • STIM ), a commercial stage medical technology company focused on designing, developing and marketing products that improve the quality of life for patients who suffer from psychiatric disorders, announced that Kanagawa Psychiatric Center is treating the first patient in Japan using NeuroStar® Advanced Therapy under the newly approved reimbursement listing by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) and the Central Social Insurance Medical Council (Chuikyo). (
  • With an average age of 58, farmers and ranchers are also vulnerable to higher insurance premiums due to age-rating bands. (
  • The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) establishes a minimum wage at the federal level that all states must abide by, among other provisions. (
  • Fourteen states and a number of cities have set their own minimum wage rates that are higher than the federal level. (
  • The FLSA requires that most employees in the United States be paid at least the federal minimum wage for all hours worked and overtime pay at time and one-half the regular rate of pay for all hours worked over 40 hours in a workweek. (
  • Medicare is partially financed by payroll taxes imposed by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) and the Self-Employment Contributions Act of 1954. (