Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)
A direct acting sympathomimetic used as a vasoconstrictor to relieve nasal congestion. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1251)
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.
Pharmacologic agents delivered into the nostrils in the form of a mist or spray.
The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
A plant genus of the family Rehmanniaceae. Members contain catapol, rehmannin and ALKALOIDS.
In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)
Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Tablets coated with material that delays release of the medication until after they leave the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.

The nasal airways response in normal subjects to oxymetazoline spray: randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. (1/93)

AIMS: The effects of a single dose of oxymetazoline nasal spray on nasal patency have been compared with placebo using three separate measuring systems in normal subjects. METHODS: The study was a placebo-controlled, randomised double-blind crossover trial. Subjects without ear, nose or throat disease and with resting nasal airways resistance >0.15 Pa s cm-3 were selected so that a fall in airways resistance could be detected. Nasal airways resistance (NAR) was measured by NR6-2 rhinomanometer. Acoustic rhinometry (SR-2000 rhinometer) provided the sum of the minimum cross-sectional areas (tMCA) and volume (tVOL) of the left and right nasal cavities. Symptoms of congestion were assessed on a visual analogue scale (CON, range 0-100). Measurements were made for 60 min before and for 120 min after bilateral administration of oxymetazoline nasal spray (0.9 mg) or placebo (0.9% saline). Crossover occurred 7-21 days later. Results for all measures were analysed as change from average baseline value by trapezoidal AUC, and statistical significance was tested by 2-way anova. RESULTS: NAR, tMCA, tVOL and CON did not change after placebo, but NAR and CON fell and tMCA and tVOL increased significantly at all timepoints after oxymetazoline. NAR_AUC, tVOL_AUC, tMCA_AUC were significantly different between placebo and oxymetazoline (P<0.001) as was CON_AUC (P=0.012). The day-to-day intraindividual repeatability of baseline NAR tMCA and tVOL was <10%. CONCLUSIONS: Normal subjects can be used to detect the effects of nasally vasoactive drugs with a variety of complementary systems, with the advantages of easy subject recruitment and low variability.  (+info)

Nasal airflow dynamics: mechanisms and responses associated with an external nasal dilator strip. (2/93)

The adhesive external nasal dilator strip (ENDS) is widely advocated for prevention of snoring and promotion of nasal breathing during exercise. In the present study, the effects of the ENDS on nasal airflow resistance (Rn) in normal subjects were examined and factors determining individual responses to the ENDS explored. Using posterior rhinomanometry, 20 healthy Caucasian adults (10 males, 10 females; age: 18-56 yrs) were studied during quiet tidal breathing and voluntary hyperpnoea with (ENDS) and without (control) ENDS and with a placebo strip (placebo) before and after application of a topical nasal decongestant (oxymetazoline hydrochloride). During tidal breathing, only nine subjects showed a significantly (p<0.05) decreased inspiratory and/or expiratory Rn with the ENDS ("responders"). During the control, inspiratory Rn (at 0.4 L x s(-1)) was higher in "responders" than "nonresponders" (3.28+/-0.16 versus 2.60+/-0.08 cmH2O x L(-1) x s; p=0.04). The effects of nasal decongestant and the ENDS were additive. During voluntary hyperpnoea, inspiratory Rn (at 1.0 L x s(-1)) and the hysteresis of the inspiratory transnasal pressure/flow curve were decreased with the ENDS in most subjects. It is concluded that the external nasal dilator strip influences nasal airflow dynamics by both dilation of the nasal valve and stabilization of the lateral nasal vestibule walls and may be more effective in subjects with a high resting nasal airflow resistance.  (+info)

Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase by nasal decongestants. (3/93)

The nasal decongestants oxymetazoline and xylometazoline are frequently used in the topical treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis. As nitric oxide (NO) is thought to play a role in inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, the aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effects of these compounds on the activity and the expression of NO producing enzymes, including the inducible form of NO synthase (iNOS) and the constitutive isoform of NO synthase (cNOS). Experiments concerning the effects of both compounds on enzymatic activity and enzyme induction of iNOS were performed in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced rat alveolar macrophage cell line (NR8383) using the Griess assay and the 3H-citrulline assay respectively. The effects on cNOS were examined in fresh rat synaptosomes using the 3H-citrulline assay. The direct scavenging properties of both compounds were investigated using a amperometric NO sensor. Oxymetazoline and xylometazoline were shown to have a dose dependent inhibitory effect on total iNOS activity indicated by nitrite/nitrate formation in the Griess assay. This effect was found to be due to an inhibition of induction of the enzyme rather than inhibition of the enzyme activity, as was investigated in two separate experiments using the 3H-citrulline assay. Inhibition of cNOS was moderate and in the same order of magnitude as the inhibition of enzymatic iNOS activity. Direct scavenging of NO could not be detected. As constitutive nitric oxide synthase activity is thought to serve beneficial physiological functions, and exaggerated inducible nitric oxide synthase activity may cause exacerbation of the inflammatory process, pharmacological treatment influencing the nitric oxide generating system should focus on inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase alone. The specific characteristics of these decongestants in vitro suggests suitability for this application and may indicate an additional beneficial effect in the treatment of upper respiratory tract inflammation.  (+info)

Phenylpropanolamine and the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. (4/93)

BACKGROUND: Phenylpropanolamine is commonly found in appetite suppressants and cough or cold remedies. Case reports have linked the use of products containing phenylpropanolamine to hemorrhagic stroke, often after the first use of these products. To study the association, we designed a case-control study. METHODS: Men and women 18 to 49 years of age were recruited from 43 U.S. hospitals. Eligibility criteria included the occurrence of a subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage within 30 days before enrollment and the absence of a previously diagnosed brain lesion. Random-digit dialing identified two matched control subjects per patient. RESULTS: There were 702 patients and 1376 control subjects. For women, the adjusted odds ratio was 16.58 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.51 to 182.21; P=0.02) for the association between the use of appetite suppressants containing phenylpropanolamine and the risk of a hemorrhagic stroke and 3.13 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.86 to 11.46; P=0.08) for the association with the first use of a product containing phenylpropanolamine. All first uses of phenylpropanolamine involved cough or cold remedies. For men and women combined, the adjusted odds ratio was 1.49 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.84 to 2.64; P=0.17) for the association between the use of a product containing phenylpropanolamine and the risk of a hemorrhagic stroke, 1.23 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.68 to 2.24; P=0.49) for the association with the use of cough or cold remedies that contained phenylpropanolamine, and 15.92 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.38 to 184.13; P=0.03) for the association with the use of appetite suppressants that contained phenylpropanolamine. An analysis in men showed no increased risk of a hemorrhagic stroke in association with the use of cough or cold remedies containing phenylpropanolamine. No men reported the use of appetite suppressants. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that phenylpropanolamine in appetite suppressants, and possibly in cough and cold remedies, is an independent risk factor for hemorrhagic stroke in women.  (+info)

Adult rhinosinusitis: diagnosis and management. (5/93)

Rhinosinusitis can be divided among four subtypes: acute, recurrent acute, subacute and chronic, based on patient history and a limited physical examination. In most instances, therapy is initiated based on this classification. Antibiotic therapy, supplemented by hydration and decongestants, is indicated for seven to 14 days in patients with acute, recurrent acute or subacute bacterial rhinosinusitis. For patients with chronic disease, the same treatment regimen is indicated for an additional four weeks or more, and a nasal steroid may also be prescribed if inhalant allergies are known or suspected. Nasal endoscopy and computed tomography of the sinuses are reserved for circumstances that include a failure to respond to therapy as expected, spread of infection outside the sinuses, a question of diagnosis and when surgery is being considered. Laboratory tests are infrequently necessary and are reserved for patients with suspected allergies, cystic fibrosis, immune deficiencies, mucociliary disorders and similar disease states. Findings on endoscopically guided microswab culture obtained from the middle meatus correlate 80 to 85 percent of the time with results from the more painful antral puncture technique and is performed in patients who fail to respond to the initial antibiotic selection. Surgery is indicated for extranasal spread of infection, evidence of mucocele or pyocele, fungal sinusitis or obstructive nasal polyposis, and is often performed in patients with recurrent or persistent infection not resolved by drug therapy.  (+info)

Anesthetic considerations for orthognathic surgery with evaluation of difficult intubation and technique for hypotensive anesthesia. (6/93)

Orthognathic surgery is carried out to improve facial appearance and/or to improve malocclusion. Usually, patients are young and healthy. However, they may have airway problems. Reinforced silicone low-pressure, high-volume endotracheal tubes and p-xylometazoline (Otrivin) for nasal vasoconstriction reduces problems due to the endotracheal tubes. A head-up position with ventilator and monitoring equipment at the foot end helps the surgeons as well as the surgery. Surgeons may be the cause of endotracheal tube problems. Bleeding is a major problem that may be encountered and is reduced by induced hypotension. During osteotomies, severe bradycardia may occur and may even lead to cardiac arrest. In the early postoperative period, bleeding may be a problem. Later ulceration at the tip of the nose and on the buttocks may be seen if preventive measures are not carried out.  (+info)

Comparison of the clinical efficacy of standard and mucoadhesive-based nasal decongestants. (7/93)

AIMS: To compare two xylometazoline 0.1% preparations: reference commercial solution (RS) and test mucoadhesive solution (TS). METHODS: Twenty subjects with perennial allergic rhinitis (age range 18-69 years, 5 atopic, 7 men) applied randomly in turn TS and RS for 5 days in a double-blind crossover clinical trial. Nasal airflow resistance (NAR), nasal symptoms (6 grade scoring), frequency of application (times/day), and side-effects were recorded. RESULTS: Mean ratio TS/RS of areas under the resistance/time curves for NAR +/- 90% CI: 3.56 +/- 0.92; mean TS-RS differences +/- 95% CI: for congestion: -1.12 +/- 0.59, for frequency of application: -1.10 +/- 0.20. Subjects experienced fewer side-effects with TS. CONCLUSIONS: A mucoadhesive solution with a decongestant had a greater and longer lasting effect on nasal congestion in subjects with perennial allergic rhinitis than the commercially available decongestant solution. It also caused fewer side effects.  (+info)

The stability of oxymetazoline hydrochloride in aqueous solution. (8/93)

The kinetics of the hydrolysis reaction of oxymetazoline hydrochloride in aqueous solution at three temperatures (343 K, 353 K, 363 K), over the pH-range 0.5-12.5 and ionic strength 0.5 has been investigated. The changes of concentration of oxymetazoline hydrochloride were followed by the HPLC method with UV detection. In the pH range from 0.45 to 12.50, the hydrolysis of oxymetazoline consists of hydrolysis of oxymetazoline molecules catalyzed by hydrogen ions, spontaneous hydrolysis of the dissociated and undissociated oxymetazoline molecules. A minimal rate of the hydrolysis oxymetazoline was observed to occur in the pH range from 2.0 to 5.0. Thermodynamic parameters of the reaction: energy, entropy and enthalpy of activation and the frequency factor for the specific rate constants were determined.  (+info)

Description Decongestants are effective for controlling symptoms of nasal and sinus congestion. Swollen, inflamed mucous membranes cause congestion. Decongestants constrict the blood vessels in swollen mucous membranes. This constriction makes tissues shrink and decongest because constricted blood vessels allow for less fluid to leak into the inflamed tissues.. Use. Decongestants are available as nasal sprays, tablets, capsules and liquids. Nasal decongestants (nasal sprays) are sprayed directly into the nose. They may relieve congestion without many systemwide side effects. However nasal decongestants cannot be used for more than 3 - 5 days due to rebound nasal congestion. Rebound nasal congestion occurs when turbinate swelling returns quickly or rebounds following frequent use of nasal decongestants. A vicious cycle of repetitive use of these sprays to treat rebound nasal congestion makes it difficult to stop using these sprays. Nasal decongestant sprays can be purchased over the ...
A congested or stuffy nose is a common symptom of colds and allergies . This congestion results when membranes lining the nose become swollen. Decongestants relieve the swelling by narrowing the blood vessels that supply the nose. This narrowing reduces the blood supply to the swollen membranes, causing them to shrink. These medicines do not cure colds or reverse the effects of histamines, chemicals released as part of the allergic reaction. They will not relieve all of the symptoms associated with colds and allergies, only the stuffiness. Nasal decongestants may be used in many forms, including tablets, nose drops, and nasal sprays. ...
Nasal congestion is a prominent symptom of several common conditions. Nasal decongestants provide symptomatic relief of nasal congestion due to allergies or the common cold. They shrink nasal mucosa through their vasoconstrictor effects. The only two oral ingredients currently available are pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine. Pseudoephedrine sales are limited to pharmacist-only, behind-the-counter status. Although this move was made solely to limit the illicit use of pseudoephedrine in the manufacture of methamphetamine, it offered pharmacists an opportunity to question all potential pseudoephedrine buyers about contraindicated conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure. Pharmacists should thereby counsel patients with these conditions not to use the ingredient unless a physician has advised them to do so.2,3 Most topical nasal decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, and naphazoline) also carry the warning against use by patients with heart disease and high blood ...
Treatment includes over-the-counter medications, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, allergy shots, and alternative medicine. In the case of nasal symptoms, antihistamines are normally the first option. They may be taken together with pseudoephedrine to help relieve a stuffy nose and they can stop the itching and sneezing. Some over-the-counter options are Benadryl and Tavist. However, these antihistamines may cause extreme drowsiness, therefore, people are advised to not operate heavy machinery or drive while taking this kind of medication. Other side effects include dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, difficulty with urination, confusion, and light-headedness.[37] There is also a newer second generation of antihistamines that are generally classified as the non-sedating antihistamines or anti-drowsy, which include cetirizine, loratadine, and fexofenadine.[38] An example of nasal decongestants is pseudoephedrine and its side-effects include insomnia, restlessness, and difficulty ...
Could Chantix or Zyban Help You Stop Smoking. If youre ready to quit smoking, the good news is there are many stop-smoking options. Chantix (varenicline) and Zyban (bupropion) are the only two non-nicotine medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for. Varenicline was linked to 90% of 3, reported cases of self-harm or depression in people using quit-smoking drugs between and , the study found, compared with 3% for They say when you try to get people to quit, and if you need a drug, start off with nicotine replacement and then Zyban. Noradrenaline causes a different story.. ...
please answer this question, please.. my dog chloe has eaten my anti depressants i left them on my counter far back but my cat has decided to knock them down chloe chewed right through the bottle and ate everyone of them,, they are called zoloft mg pills there was about pills in there. what do i do, is she going. There are several ways to induce vomiting in dogs and if you wanted to try from home you can do so with a little hydrogen peroxide. You can find all the info you need on how to do this here: cuztomize.info If he has ingested this tablet in. If he says up the pill he should be used.. ...
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As harmless as their action may appear, it is not well-regulated because the active ingredient in decongestants doesnt only act locally. Tablets reach our entire system through the digestive tract, while nasal sprays and drops tend to drip down our throat from our nose, reaching the stomach and, from there, entering our bloodstream. This is why most decongestants list high blood pressure and other cardiovascular problems as side effects.. Moreover, epinephrine and norepinephrine being two forms of adrenaline, they stimulate the nervous system as well, an action with its own set of side effects and health risks. Lastly, the active ingredients in nasal decongestants further interact with other pharmaceuticals, producing more health problems over time. Of course, limited use has not been shown to produce any harm, but decongestants are not really something people use cautiously. And the more we use them, the better our body tolerates them, sending us on the path of addiction. And nasal ...
Decongestants (0) see Nasal Decongestants. Defoaming Agents (0) see Antifoaming Agents. Defoliants, Chemical (3) • Herbicides that remove leaves from trees and growing plants. They may be either organic or inorganic. Several of the more persistent types have been used in military operations and many are toxic. (From Hawleys Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed) MeSH. Delayed-Action Preparations (3) • Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology. MeSH. Dental Disinfectants (1) • Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed) MeSH. Dental Materials (25) • Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc. MeSH. Dental Polishes (0) see Dentifrices. Dentifrices (1) • Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of ...
Rhinitis medicamentosa (or RM) is a condition of rebound nasal congestion brought on by extended use of topical decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline, and naphazoline nasal sprays) and certain oral medications (e.g., sympathomimetic amines and various 2-imidazolines) that constrict blood vessels in the lining of the nose. The characteristic presentation of RM involves nasal congestion without rhinorrhea, postnasal drip, or sneezing following several days of decongestant use. This condition typically occurs after 5-7 days of use of topical decongestants. Patients often try increasing both the dose and the frequency of nasal sprays upon the onset of RM, worsening the condition. The swelling of the nasal passages caused by rebound congestion may eventually result in permanent turbinate hyperplasia, which may block nasal breathing until surgically removed. The pathophysiology of RM is unclear, although several mechanisms involving norepinephrine signaling have been ...
Many people consider nasal congestion to be one of the most bothersome allergy symptoms. Decongestants help relieve your congestion.
Many people consider nasal congestion to be one of the most bothersome allergy symptoms. Decongestants help relieve your congestion.
Hi.. Thanks for the query.. As per your complain pressure feeling in ear is commonly due to blocked eustachian tube leading to Eustachian tube dysfunction.. There can be fluid behind the eardrum.. Confirmation can be done by consulting an Otorhinolaryngologist and get evaluated and a thorough clinical evaluation and investigations like x ray, MRI, otoscopy etc can help in diagnosis and treatment can be done accordingly.. You can be advised a course of antibiotics, oral as well as nasal decongestants like Xylometazoline nasal sprays. Along with it steam inhalation and chewing chewing gum can help.. In case of no improvement… Read more » ...
Persons with severe allergic symptoms may be prescribed corticosteroid pills or injections for short periods. DECONGESTANTS Decongestants help relieve a stuffy nose. Do not use decongestant nasal spray for more than several days because they can cause a rebound effect and make the congestion worse. Decongestants in pill form do not cause this problem. People with high blood pressure, heart problems, or prostate enlargement should use decongestants with caution. OTHER MEDICINES Leukotriene inhibitors are medicines that block the substances that trigger allergies. Person with asthma and indoor and outdoor allergies may be prescribed these medicines. ALLERGY SHOTS Allergy shots (immunotherapy) are sometimes recommended if you cannot avoid the allergen and your symptoms are hard to control. Allergy shots keep your body from over-reacting to the allergen. You will get regular injections of the allergen. Each dose is slightly larger than the last dose until a maximum dose is reached. These shots do ...
Persons with severe allergic symptoms may be prescribed corticosteroid pills or injections for short periods.. DECONGESTANTS. Decongestants help relieve a stuffy nose. Do not use decongestant nasal spray for more than several days because they can cause a rebound effect and make the congestion worse. Decongestants in pill form do not cause this problem. People with high blood pressure, heart problems, or prostate enlargement should use decongestants with caution.. OTHER MEDICINES. Leukotriene inhibitors are medicines that block the substances that trigger allergies. Person with asthma and indoor and outdoor allergies may be prescribed these medicines.. ALLERGY SHOTS. Allergy shots (immunotherapy) are sometimes recommended if you cannot avoid the allergen and your symptoms are hard to control. Allergy shots keep your body from over-reacting to the allergen. You will get regular injections of the allergen. Each dose is slightly larger than the last dose until a maximum dose is reached. These shots ...
Persons with severe allergic symptoms may be prescribed corticosteroid pills or injections for short periods.. DECONGESTANTS. Decongestants help relieve a stuffy nose. Do not use decongestant nasal spray for more than several days because they can cause a rebound effect and make the congestion worse. Decongestants in pill form do not cause this problem. People with high blood pressure, heart problems, or prostate enlargement should use decongestants with caution.. OTHER MEDICINES. Leukotriene inhibitors are medicines that block the substances that trigger allergies. Person with asthma and indoor and outdoor allergies may be prescribed these medicines.. ALLERGY SHOTS. Allergy shots (immunotherapy) are sometimes recommended if you cannot avoid the allergen and your symptoms are hard to control. Allergy shots keep your body from over-reacting to the allergen. You will get regular injections of the allergen. Each dose is slightly larger than the last dose until a maximum dose is reached. These shots ...
There can be negative side-effects from common over-the-counter decongestants if you are on blood pressure medications. Here are medications to avoid.
Elevated blood pressure and heart rate, for example, can be more harmful than the side-effects of decongestants, and masturbation has been linked to increases in prostate cancer. He also notes that males are limited in how frequently they masturbate, meaning they might not be able to do it enough to alleviate their symptoms ...
Learn about the uses and nursing care plan considerations needed for patients taking decongestants in this nursing pharmacology study guide.
Mortuaire, G., de Gabory, L., François, M., Massé, G., Bloch, F., Brion, N., ... Serrano, E. Rebound congestion and rhinitis medicamentosa: Nasal decongestants in clinical practice. (2013, June 1). Critical review of the literature by a medical panel.
I have taken xylometazoline from my mouth. Is it dangerous. Give me suggestions m afraid.-Xylometazoline acts on adrenergic receptors of nasal mucosa to reli...
Through your car use texts of the site, Rituxan hycela 7.5 mg hyaluronidase you die may have the opportunities relate to engage in prosperous commercial transactions with traditions other users and vendors. xylometazoline decreases hyaluronidase exposure, but is not clearly associated with opiate withdrawal in opioid dependent individuals. While Otrivin medicated complete nasal care bill is intended for prescription, we merely recognize that the scope of this crisis demands multiple new ways to get xylometazoline into elements the com
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Maximum dosage of zyrtec - Will gradual increases in dosages of reactine (zyrtec) eventually cause rebound congestion? Thanks. No. Rebound nasal congestion is most commonly seen with topical nasal decongestants such as oxymetazoline as found in afrin nasaly spray. Antihistamines are not associated with rebound symptoms including congestion.
Zicam nasal spray - What are the long-term side effects of Zicam nasal spray? Increased congestion. Many of the Zicam nasal sprays contain nasal decongestants, similar to the afrin brand of nasal sprays. Topical nasal decongestant sprays are safe if used for a short period of time. If used for more than a few days, however, they can cause rebound congestion, which can become more severe than the original reason for using the spray. Never use for more than 3 days straight.
Cough and cold medications that contain nasal decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants, and expectorants commonly are used alone or in combination in attempts to temporarily relieve symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection in children aged |2 years. However, during 2004-2005, an est …
Fenoldopam is a predictor of survival with no waveform suggests dislodged ett, esophageal intubation, obstructed ett, or ventilator disconnection. It may be tested by having the physician spine specialist perform a head positioned symmetrically atop the vertebral body and depends, in part, through neuropeptides and neurotransmitters are released in the latter, irritation of the digestive system an osteopathic physician should use nasal saline irrigations, topical nasal decongestants can irritate the trigeminal nerve branches beyond a simple sling. Fortunately, severe epistaxis is a high case fatality rate ~ and high svr, vasodilators e.G., calcium channel blocker bioavailability and potentiate toxicity. Graphically displays the autonomic nervous system, such as the hcg range of motion, and somatic dysfunction can be found from the muscle that has been instrumental in controlling pruritus. This is typically analyzed for cell count, differential, gram stain, and protein s levels, see chapter, ...
This is a 54 year old man with a history of trauma to his nose and chronic complaints of breathing difficulty. These complaints were exacerbated by allergy type symptoms which often completely closed his airway. He suffered chronic use of nasal decongestants and allergy medication with only limited relief.Exam demonstrated marked nasal deformity with gross deformity of the nasal bones, deviation of the septum, and collapse of the internal and external openings of his nose - dramatically reducing his airflow. Through an open rhinoplasty approach, the deviated part of his septum was removed and his nasal bones reduced to their anatomic position - opening his internal airway. A portion of his septum was then used to add support to his nasal tip - opening his external airway. He did very well after surgery with minimal bruising and swelling. At 6 months, his nose is settling nicely and he is very happy with the improved airflow ...
The common cold is a ubiquitous illness of man that is associated with significant medical and socioeconomic consequences. Current treatments for the common cold that have proven efficacy are limited to pharmacologic agents that are directed at specific symptoms. These treatments- antihistamines, nasal decongestants and analgesics- have limited effectiveness, generally relieving the target symptom by 15-25% at the peak of activity, and are associated with bothersome side effects. There are no currently effective treatments for prevention of rhinovirus infections.. Probiotics have been defined by FAO/WHO as Live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amount confer a health benefit on a host. The most common probiotics belong to Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium genera. Bifidobacteria are natural human gut inhabitants that were discovered over a hundred years ago from the feces of breast-fed infants. The study product Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies (subsp.) lactis Bl-04 (Bl-04) ...
Postnasal drip is a condition characterized by production of excess mucus secretion by the nasal mucous membrane and leading to number of annoying symptoms like cough, irritation in the throat and a constant urge to clear the throat. It is also known as upper airway cough syndrome. Severe cases of postnasal drip may lead to serious types of ear infection.. An allergy is the most common cause associated with postnasal drip; however, other causes like cold, flu and foreign objects impacted in the nasal cavity may also be responsible. Treatment options include management of the underlying problem along with relieving of symptoms by drugs like antihistamines and nasal decongestants.. ...
Vasoconstrictors in the nasal decongestants cause local ischaemia/infarction of the cartilage with chronic use in much the same way as cocaine in illicit users.
Sleep Disorders Health Center next page There is no evidence that sleep disorders are a cause of NHLBI Entire Site1; Diseases & Conditions2. information Sleep apnea usually is a chronic (ongoing) condition that disrupts your sleep. Central sleep apnea is a less common type of sleep apnea. Lying on a bed, thinking of the days activities and finally, thanking God for all the days blessings; and now, Nasal decongestants are more likely to be effective in cases of snoring or mild sleep apnea. In some cases, surgery is Health and Beauty plus anything that fills a need. You will love the savings and hard to find products at 5542276323 989964ce35 m How To Stop Snoring 101 b Fleshpiston. Article b Jing Brimland Dog snores due to blockage of the air passage either due to mucous, colds, or certain allergic Of the three types of sleep apnea, obstructive is most common. Sleep Apnea Symptoms Central sleep apnea: think central nervous system and you get the ideayour breathing is in fits and starts One of ...
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Acute frontal sinusitis is caused by inflammation in your frontal sinus cavities. Nasal decongestants are often an effective treatment for it.
Main / Nasal Decongestants / Asthma prednisone taper schedule Medications, smoking history, hospitalizations/intubations due to asthma; known triggers; seasonal variability; vaccination history . Prednisone tablets. 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg. (to be used in burst fashion during exacerbation). mg orally daily for days. No taper needed for short treatment. Prednisone is similar to cortisol. Cortisol is naturally produced by our adrenal glands. After extended use of prednisone (generally for a few weeks).1 Your adrenal gland start decreasing the amount of cortisol they produce. The theory is that by gradually reducing the amount of prednisone, the adrenal.. It has been bad whether the rapid benefit observed might be due to a very, vasoconstrictor effect of the inhaled steroid, hippocampus mucosal edema, rather than the hospital anti-inflammatory effects associated with steroid asthma prednisone taper schedule. More recently, in a day conducted in sublingual children old enough to have spirometry. Passion ...
The Brazilian Consensus concluded that regular physical exercise decreased blood pressure and thus lowered the risk of developing arterial hypertension. Moderate aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling, and swimming, for 30 to 45 minutes, three to five times a week is beneficial. Other factors that have been associated with a more healthful life-style include quitting smoking, controlling blood fats [cholesterol and triglycerides] and diabetes, getting an adequate intake of calcium and magnesium, and controlling physical and emotional stress. Some drugs may increase blood pressure, such as nasal decongestants, antacids high in sodium, appetite moderators, and caffeine-containing painkillers for migraines ...
Treatment: The major problem with Rhinovirus is that being infected with one strand will not result in cross immunity to another serotype. There are a few different antiviral drugs on clinical trials for Rhionvirus right now. One such product, being tested by Biota, is designed to block the receptor site on Rhinovirus. It fills the valley where the ICAM-1 binds. However, none of these drugs have yet to make it onto the market. The most common treatment for Rhionvirus is to allow the uman immune response to take its course. This involves plenty of rest, hydration, and for serious symptoms anti-inflammatory medications and nasal decongestants can be utilized. There are no preventative medical precautions, such as vaccines, that can be developed for Rhinovirus due to its broad range of serotypes. The major health crisis concerning Rhinovirus today is the uneccessary prescription of antibiotics.An estimated 18 million antibiotic prescriptions are written each year in the US for patients suffering ...
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Only pharmacies may sell these medicines and a pharmacist must make or supervise the sale.. Youll be asked if you have any medical conditions or take any other medicines, to check that its safe for you to take the medicine. For example, some nasal decongestants can raise your blood pressure, so youll be asked if you have high blood pressure before being sold the medicine.. Some pharmacy medicines may only be sold if the pharmacist is satisfied that it is suitable and safe for you to take. For other medicines, the pharmacist may suggest that you see your GP. For example, if youve used clotrimazole pessaries for vaginal thrush more than twice in six months, you should see your GP so they can decide whether this is the most appropriate treatment. ...
Only pharmacies may sell these medicines and a pharmacist must make or supervise the sale.. Youll be asked if you have any medical conditions or take any other medicines, to check that its safe for you to take the medicine. For example, some nasal decongestants can raise your blood pressure, so youll be asked if you have high blood pressure before being sold the medicine.. Some pharmacy medicines may only be sold if the pharmacist is satisfied that it is suitable and safe for you to take. For other medicines, the pharmacist may suggest that you see your GP. For example, if youve used clotrimazole pessaries for vaginal thrush more than twice in six months, you should see your GP so they can decide whether this is the most appropriate treatment. ...
Main / Nasal Decongestants / Tamoxifen effect on menstrual cycle My cycle was normal for the first 6 months and then I only had a period every other month. I stopped taking Tamoxifen in march 08 (alot of side effects, I couldnt handle it anymore) my periods came back and 8 months later I bleed constantly. I have thickening of my endometrium but biiopsy was geptsite.infofen + Menstrual Cycle. I still experience a normal menstruation each month. Is this normal? I have read that most women do not have their periods while on the drug. Answer: Tamoxifen will cause some women to have symptoms like those of menopause: hot flashes and vaginal discharge are common. Other less common effects are vaginal.. I was diagnosed sept 14, concomitant stopped after first chemo oct Had 14 grams of chemo reconstruction, tamoxifen effects on menstrual cycle, tamoxifen, renewed to zoladex and anastrazole as didnt get on with tam. Narrowed off that after 3 weeks as unbearable side effects (Im 49 with 11and 14 ...
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Main / Nasal Decongestants / Formula de soma dos angulos externos Polígonos: ângulos internos, ângulos externos, soma de ângulos. A soma dos ângulos internos de um icoságono é º. Podemos utilizar a fórmula da soma dos ângulos internos para calcular o número de lados de qualquer polígono, desde que a soma dos ângulos internos seja dada. Exemplo 3. Quantos lados. Quer passar em Medicina ou Engenharia? Prepare-se com o kuadro. Saiba mais em: wp-memo.info. Parlodel et codeine de poids. parlodel precio en france. parlodel precio colombia. I was a prescription by the time I was parlodel dosage. parlodel precio espaa. The first few days, I felt really good. parlodel preis. Já sabemos que a soma dos ângulos internos aumenta conforme o número de lados de um polígono aumenta. Mas e a soma dos ângulos externos? Existe um padrão para ela também? Explorando o conceito e fórmula O ângulo externo é o suplementar ao interno; iremos destacá-los nas figuras. Soma Ang Ext. Aprenda que a ...
Although multiple prior studies have explored the association between AF/AFL and clinical outcomes among patients hospitalized for HF (7,9), the implications of AF/AFL for the in-hospital trajectory of decongestion has been poorly characterized. In the present study, the cohort of patients with a history of AF/AFL experienced significantly less in-hospital reduction in 2 markers of congestion (relative weight and NT-proBNP levels). Furthermore, differences in the rate of decongestion between the 2 groups became more apparent after the initial 24 h of diuresis. Thus, history of AF/AFL appears to be associated with a reduction in sustained decongestion over the course of the latter 48 to 96 h of hospitalization. Diminished rates of decongestion in those with a history of AF/AFL may be associated with lower overall well-being and quality of life, as shown by decreased global VAS scores among the AF/AFL cohort.. Notably, history of AF/AFL was not associated with changes in the 4-point orthodema ...
Decongestants Available ophthalmic decongestants include phenylephrine, naphazoline, oxymetazoline, and tetrahydrolozine. Individuals should be informed that overuse of ophthalmic decongestants can lead to rebound congestion of the conjunctiva. Patients with narrow anterior chamber angles or narrow-angle glaucoma should not use these products.1 Antihistamines Pheniramine maleate is the antihistamine agent available in nonprescription ophthalmic preparations. The most common adverse reactions associated with its use include stinging, burning, and discomfort upon instillation. Role of the Pharmacist Prior to suggesting any OTC ophthalmic products, pharmacists should thoroughly assess the nature and extent of patients ophthalmic problems and recommend that they seek medical care when needed. Patients also should be advised not to exceed the recommended dosages of these products and to immediately seek medical attention if symptoms persist after a few days. Although adverse effects are considered ...
This drug is not recommended for use with: dofetilide. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Inform your doctor about all the medicines you may use (both prescription and nonprescription), especially if you take: lithium, digoxin, oral drugs used for diabetes, aspirin, NSAIDs (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen), fluconazole. If you take colestipol or cholestyramine for high cholesterol, take the diuretic 1 hour before or 4 hours after because of decreased absorption into the bloodstream. Avoid any drugs that increase your heart rate or make you excited like decongestants because it may counter-act your blood pressure medicine. Decongestants are commonly found in over the counter cough-and-cold products. Ask your pharmacist if you are uncertain about decongestants in over-the-counter products. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval. ...
Patient information for XYLOMETAZOLINE DECONGESTANT NASAL SPRAY 0.1% W/V Including dosage instructions and possible side effects.
Phenylephrine is a selective α-adrenergic receptor agonist of the phenethylamine class used primarily as a decongestant , as an agent to dilate the pupil , and to increase blood pressure . Phenylephrine is marketed as an alternative for the decongestant pseudoephedrine , although clinical trials show phenylephrine, taken orally at the recommended dose, to be no more effective than placebo for allergy relief. Phenylephrine can also cause a decrease in heart rate through reflex bradycardia . Medical uses Decongestant Phenylephrine is used as a decongestant sold as an oral medicine or as a nasal spray . It is a common ingredient in over-the-counter decongestants in the United States. Other decongestants include oxymetazoline and pseudoephedrine . Phenylephrine is used as an alternative for pseudoephedrine in decongestant medicines due to pseudoephedrine's use in the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine. Its efficacy as an oral decongestant has been questioned, with several recent independent
Looking for online definition of Decongestant Drug in the Medical Dictionary? Decongestant Drug explanation free. What is Decongestant Drug? Meaning of Decongestant Drug medical term. What does Decongestant Drug mean?
Antihistamines, Decongestants, and Anticholinergics (Systemic) Drug Search - Medical Dictionary Search Engines
Xerophthalmia can be associated with systemic diseases such as Sjögrens syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, and hypothyroidism; deficiency of vitamin A; and the use of some medications including antihistamines, nasal decongestants, tranquilizers, and anti-depressant drugs. When xerophthalmia is due to vitamin A deficiency, the condition begins with night blindness and conjunctival xerosis (dryness of the eye membranes) and progresses to corneal xerosis (dryness of the cornea), and, in the late stages, to keratomalacia (softening of the cornea). Other forms of dry eye are associated with aging, poor lid closure, scarring from previous injury, or autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and these can all cause chronic conjunctivitis. ...
Antihistamines - Available over the counter, this medication is best taken in pill form. They provide good relief against water, itchy eyes, sneezing and runny noses.. • Decongestants - The most common decongestants for hayfever are phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine. They come in the form of pills, tablets, decongestant sprays and eye drops. There are several types of nasal sprays available for hayfever allergy relief.. • Immunotherapy - This type of hayfever allergy relief is probably the best in terms of long-term relief. It comes in the form of daily pills or shots. With immunotherapy, youre taking a small dose of the pollens that bother you so your body becomes used to them, and they no longer cause you problems.. Preventative Measures for Hayfever Allergy Relief. Despite the effectiveness of hayfever allergy medications, your best bet may still be to try to take preventative measures during hayfever season. Determine what your allergy is so it can be avoided. Its also easier to get ...
In a recent tirade Order Phenylpropanolamine with No Prescription, against Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor, Pat Buchanan lamented that the new hypocrisy of affirmative action has supplanted the far clearer, more righteous old bigotry of days gone by. One prefers the old bigotry, buying Phenylpropanolamine online over the counter, Ordering Phenylpropanolamine online, Buchanan claims, because, buy Phenylpropanolamine without a prescription, Purchase Phenylpropanolamine, at least it was honest, and not, order Phenylpropanolamine online c.o.d, Buy Phenylpropanolamine from canada, as Abraham Lincoln observed, adulterated with the base alloy of hypocrisy.. Its not exactly news that Pat Buchanan rants against self-proclaimed affirmative action babies like Sotomayor or against the pointy-headed, buy Phenylpropanolamine no prescription, Kjøpe Phenylpropanolamine på nett, köpa Phenylpropanolamine online, liberal academic establishments that embrace them. He evokes the fairly ...
Believe it or not, this type of medicine has gained widespread support despite evidence that it really works. The results of a recent study in the British Medical Journal may surprise you. To determine whether over-the-counter cough medicines are effective for treating acute cough, the authors of the review searched all studies in the U.K. involving adults with cough for less than three weeks who were administered cough medicine. All studies included placebo groups or no-medicine groups for comparison to the group taking medicine. Fifteen studies involving 2,000 individuals were assessed. In nine (60%) of the studies, cough medication was deemed no better than placebo for treating a cough. In the remaining six studies, the positive results were of questionable clinical relevance. This was true for multiple forms of medication: antihistamines, antitussives, expectorants, decongestants, and combinations of these types of drugs. Given the amount of over-the-counter cough medicines available, ...
Global Allergic Rhinitis Market; by Type (Seasonal, Perennial and Non allergic rhinitis), by Treatment (Antihistamines, Decongestants, Eye drops, Nasal sprays and others) and by Test (Skin Test, IgE RAST Test and Complete Blood Count) - Forecast to 2023 Hay fever is another name for allergic rhinitis market which is a nose related disease. This fever affects nose first and clogs it. The cause of this is due to allergens to which the affected person is highly exposed to. Other parts of the body affected due to hay fever includes ears, eye and throat and they are mostly affected due to blocked nose. There are various products available to treat problems arising due to allergic rhinitis. Every second a person is affected by cold and cough. Medicines available to treat allergic rhinitis are available in almost every chemist shop. The sale for anti-allergic rhinitis are increasing and is expected to increase further in future as well.. Global Allergic Rhinitis market Players:. There are various ...
People taking MAOIs need to be careful about the foods they eat and the medicines they take. Foods and medicines that contain high levels of a chemical called tyramine are dangerous for people taking MAOIs. Tyramine is found in some cheeses, wines, and pickles. The chemical is also in some medications, including decongestants and over-the-counter cold medicine.. Mixing MAOIs and tyramine can cause a sharp increase in blood pressure, which can lead to stroke. People taking MAOIs should ask their doctors for a complete list of foods, medicines, and other substances to avoid. An MAOI skin patch has recently been developed and may help reduce some of these risks. A doctor can help a person figure out if a patch or a pill will work for him or her.. How should antidepressants be taken?. People taking antidepressants need to follow their doctors directions. The medication should be taken in the right dose for the right amount of time. It can take three or four weeks until the medicine takes effect. ...
MANAGING SINUSITIS SYMPTOMS AT HOME OR AT WORK. In some cases, it will be necessary to be seen by a physician to relieve sinusitis symptoms, especially if they were brought on by a medical condition, such as a deviated septum, for example. However, for those with sinusitis symptoms caused by a cold or allergies, you will be happy to know that there are things that you can do at home or at work to provide yourself with some much-needed relief, some of which include. Nasal steroids - Dr. Samuel Becker, a sinusitis expert with Becker Ear, Nose, and Throat Center, notes that medications containing corticosteroids, such as fluticasone, triamcinolone, budesonide, mometasone, and beclomethasone, which are all available over-the-counter, are effective in relieving inflammation caused by sinusitis.. Nasal saline sprays - These products, like nasal steroids, are available over-the-counter and can help reduce sinus drainage and also flush mucus, bacteria, and allergens out of the sinuses.. Decongestants - ...
This blended cough syrup is used to address manifestations created by the basic cough, influenza, anaphylaxes, roughage fever, cold, or other respiration sicknesses, for example, bronchitis, sinusitis). The cough suppressant in Bromfed DM is Dextromethorphan, which manipulates the brain to reduce the desire to cough. Decongestants help ease stuffy nose side effects such as runny nose. Antihistamines diminish eye problems such as wet, itchy, red eye.. For Kids: Bromfed DM cough syrup in not designed for kids, even other cough syrups are not recommended for kids under 6. So contact a doctor for children coughing instead of taking the advantage of this syrup. It can lead to severe conditions in kids such as lung failure, mood changes, low bone density. Approach to your specialist or drug specialist for more insights about utilizing your item securely. These items cannot cure or abbreviate the duration of the regular flu and may lead to severe symptoms. To lessen the threat for severe symptoms, ...
There are several medications and other treatments that are meant to help offer relief for the symptoms that occur with a sinusitis infection. Oral medications such as antibiotics, decongestants, and anti-fungals are commonly used treatments for sinusitis. Oral medications work on infections and by traveling through the blood stream to the area where the infection lies. Oral medications use the blood stream to travel to the area where they are needed, but in the sinus cavities there are only a small amount of blood vessels so only a small amount of the medication can be delivered to the sinusitis infection which generally leads to little or no relief from the treatment. These medications can also cause side effects throughout the rest of the body since they travel through the blood stream and through the whole body ...
Traditional medical practices recommend eating nettle because it is a great tonic, rich in protein (25% of daily values) and vitamins A and K. According to popular beliefs eating stinging nettle in spring purifies the blood and helps the body recover after heavy wintertime foods. Picking nettle in autumn, when the plant has reached maturity is also an option. It can be cleaned, dried and used in herbal infusions.. Nettle is an herb with great health benefits. For instance, the plant contains prostaglandins, natural compounds with powerful anti-inflammatory effects. Stinging nettle tea or tincture appear to be highly effective in reducing pain associated with arthritis, rheumatism, hemorrhoids and kidney inflammation. Applying a nettle poultice is believed to help treat eczema.. Drinking nettle infusions regularly is said to be a great natural remedy for cough, help with nasal decongestion and treat dry sinuses. Nettle juice and tea make a great diuretic, help keep allergy symptoms under control ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Autoinflation for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion. AU - Perera, Rafael. AU - Glasziou, Paul P.. AU - Heneghan, Carl J.. AU - McLellan, Julie. AU - Williamson, Ian. PY - 2013/5/31. Y1 - 2013/5/31. N2 - This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2006.Otitis media with effusion (OME) or glue ear is an accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, in the absence of acute inflammation or infection. It is the commonest cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood and the usual reason for insertion of grommets. Potential treatments include decongestants, mucolytics, steroids, antihistamines and antibiotics. Autoinflation devices have been proposed as a simple mechanical means of improving glue ear. To assess the effectiveness of autoinflation compared with no treatment in children and adults with otitis media with effusion. We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane ...
Butryospermum Scientific Name: Butryospermum Paradoxum Yoruba Name: Eso Ori Common Name: She Butter Seed Family: Sapotaceae Part used: Seed Medicinal use(s): Nasal decongestion, Catarrh, Hypertension, Diuretic, Antihelmintic. See our Butryospermum page for … Read More ...
When you cannot avoid allergens, there are many medicines that can help control allergy symptoms. Decongestants and antihistamines are the most common allergy medications. They help to reduce a stuffy nose, runny nose, sneezing and itching. Other medications work by preventing the release of the chemicals that cause allergic reactions. Corticosteroids are effective in treating inflammation in your nose.. An allergist will work with you to determine which medicines are best for you and how often and how much of them you should take-while eliminating or minimizing any side effects.. ...
If sinusitis persists for less than a month it is acute sinusitis. If it continues for more than three months, it becomes chronic sinusitis. Most of the infections are caused by viruses. A few cases of infections are caused by bacteria also. Allergies and environmental irritations cause non infectious sinusitis. The patient may respond with over the counter medications or a longer course and in some cases need physical draining which requires hospitalization. Severe headache, red eyes or painful eyes or even double vision or temporary vision loss are some of the symptoms of acute sinusitis. There may be fatigue, fever or lack of response to decongestants in some others ...
Chronic cough is a common problem in patients who visit family physicians. The three most common causes of chronic cough in those who are referred to pulmonary specialists are postnasal drip, asthma and gastroesophageal reflux. The initial treatment of patients with cough is often empiric and may involve a trial of decongestants, bronchodilators or histamine H2 antagonists, as monotherapy or in combination. If a therapeutic trial is not successful, sequential diagnostic testing including chest radiograph, purified protein derivative test for tuberculosis, computed tomography of the sinuses, methacholine challenge test or barium swallow may be indicated. By using a standard protocol for diagnosis and treatment, 90 percent of patients with chronic cough can be managed successfully in the family physicians office. However, in some cases it may take three to five months to determine a diagnosis and effective treatment. For the minority of patients in whom this diagnostic approach is unsuccessful,
The most common treatments for sphenoid sinusitis are antibiotics, painkillers, and decongestants. In very serious cases, a person...
You see the symptoms of a sinus headache personally, it is best to consult a health care provider to solve the problem in the first phase. There are treatments for the treatment of various infections of the sinuses, which includes with antibiotics, natural home remedies and even surgical procedures. Antibiotics prescribed by the physician are decongestants, corticosteroids within the nose and mucolytic brokers. These antibiotics are not suitable for everyone. It is said that the use of antibiotics have to be a minimum because it can cause an allergic reaction such as the negative effects of home remedies work best as well as take care of these kinds of organic grape juice consumption peppers or perhaps chili ripe, the Breathing of vapor and apply ginger paste to cure this disease ...
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Potassium depletion, hypokalemia, is one of the most common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in clinical practice. More than 20% of hospitalized patients have this deficiency, and up to 40% of patients treated with thiazide diuretics.. The kidneys, being the major regulators of potassium levels, account for approximately 80% of potassium transit from the body; this is reason why kidney dysfunction can result in low levels of potassium.. But potassium homeostasis also depends to a large extent on the acid-alkaline balance in the body. Acidosis causes the cells to lose potassium. What is more, increases in insulin or glucose, and type 2 diabetes can affect potassium homeostasis as well.. Drugs like decongestants and bronchodilators can temporarily reduce potassium and increase sodium. Other potential causes include diuretic therapy, inadequate dietary potassium intake, high dietary sodium intake, and low magnesium. In most cases, hypokalemia is secondary to drug treatment, particularly ...
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As part of a study of the effectiveness of beclomethasone dipropionate in perennial rhinitis five immunologically related parameters were measured. These included skin tests, total IgE, specific IgE, nasal and peripheral blood eosinophil counts. In addition, nasal biopsies were obtained in twenty out of sixty patients. It was apparent that patients with perennial rhinitis formed a heterogeneous group who could be divided into three groups based on the extent of immunological abnormality detected. Group 1 consisted of twenty patients who displayed no abnormality in any of the five parameters studied. Group 2 consisted of twenty-six patients in whom specific IgE was not detected but who had varying degrees of abnormal findings in the other laboratory parameters. The remaining fourteen patients formed a third group in whom specific IgE was detected in addition to abnormalities in other parameters. In general, patients with detectable specific IgE had a higher frequency of abnormal parameters, ...
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The Fort Bonifacio-Nichols Field Road project, in particular, widens the 3.3-km Nichols Field Road from four lanes to six lanes.. Through this project, the DPWH explained, adjacent thoroughfares like EDSA, South Superhighway, and C5 will be decongested and travel time going in and out of Bonifacio Global City will be lessened. The project is 60% complete at present.. The Mindanao Avenue Extension (Segment 2C), meanwhile, is a 3.2-km, four-lane divided highway at the intersection of NLEX to Gen. Luis Avenue that will connect the areas of Valenzuela, North Caloocan, Quezon City (Novaliches), and NLEX. Once finished, the extension will cut travel time between Quirino Highway and General Luis Road from one hour and 30 minutes to 20 minutes. It is already 74.35% complete, according to the department.. The Laguna Lake Highway, on the other hand, is already substantially completed. The 6.94-km, four-lane divided highway will bring down travel time from Taytay, Rizal to Bicutan, Taguig from one hour to ...
Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion (stuffy nose). Pseudoephedrine is used to treat nasal and sinus congestion, or congestion of the tubes that drain fluid from your inner ears, called the eustachian (yoo-STAY-shun) tubes...
Chlophedianol is a cough suppressant. It affects the signals in the brain that trigger cough reflex. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion (stuffy nose). Chlophedianol and pseudoephedrine is a combination medicine used to...
If these items didnt hit your alert button-then consider this: about 20% of all episodes of acute illness leading to medical attention requiring at least one day of restricted activity were due to upper respiratory infection. The major result of URI is a runny nose (rhinorrhea), along with an urgent wish I were dead feeling.. Now just because you have a runny nose doesnt necessarily mean you have a head cold; there are a lot of other things that can cause rhinorrhea. Allergies are the first things that come to mind, seasonal, due to pollens, and perennial rhinitis due to dusts and molds.. Other frequently found causes are vasomotor in origin; such as certain drugs (reserpine, prazosin, Hitrin, cocaine abuse); abuse of nose drops (rhinitis medicamentosa); and psychological causes (anger, sexual arousal). Vasomotor means affecting the constriction and dilatation of small blood vessels, which, in turn, causes the swelling and shrinkage of the mucosal lining of the nose and sinuses.. Hormonal ...
This is an open label, in-use study to assess the warming sensation, acceptability and local tolerability of paracetamol 500 mg + pseudoephedrine 30 mg syrup, given as a single dose in subjects suffering from symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection. The purpose is to evaluate the acceptability concerning a warming sensation effect and its potential benefit in the target population.. The primary objective is to assess the warming sensation caused by the excipient IFF flavor 316 282, in a syrup containing paracetamol 500 mg + pseudoephedrine 30 mg per 30 ml syrup. The syrup contains (0.15% w/v) warming flavor.. The Secondary Objectives are to assess subject acceptability of the syrup and the safety and tolerability of the syrup. The study will be run in fifty-six (56) subjects suffering from symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) for 7 days or less, e.g. nasal congestion associated with colds and flu symptoms such as pain, headache and/or fever. Subjects must have one or ...
IRVINE, Calif., Jan. 25, 2013-- Itonis, Inc. and Charles Hensley, Ph.D., the inventor of the Zicam ® Cold Remedy, and founding member of Itonis Pharmaceuticals, are pleased to announce that Itonis Pharmaceuticals has started to organize a series of case studies involving the previously announced over-the-counter homeopathic nasal spray for the treatment of nausea.
Your regular cold medication has suddenly disappeared from store shelves. Before you panic, ask the pharmacist if your favorite remedy has moved to a new...
A new law will now prohibit people under 18 from buying some over-the-counter cough syrups that contain a certain ingredient often abused by minors.
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The turbinates are thin, bony plates inside your nose. Allergies or a lengthy cold can irritate them and cause them to swell, or enlarge. The swelling makes it hard for you to breathe. Another cause of the swelling is overuse of decongestant nasal sprays.. Sometimes it is not clear why turbinates swell. In most cases, the swelling does not cause pain. But it can feel like an object is blocking one side of your nose.. Your doctor may do tests to be sure about what is causing the problem. He or she may prescribe a steroid spray to reduce swelling. Your doctor may advise you to stop using over-the-counter nasal sprays.. If the turbinate swelling does not go down, you may need surgery to open your nasal passage.. ...
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AIM: to assess the efficacy and safety of the medication Grippferon with loratadine for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza during the epidemics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 103 patients (67 men and 36 women) aged 18 to 52 years (mean age 35.3±3.2 years). During the first visit (september 2015), we collected patient history data on the average rate of ARVI and influenza for the past three years, the disease duration and its symptoms, presence of concomitant allergic pathologies (such as vasomotor rhinitis, hay fever and urticaria) and food allergies ...
Question - Baby had broncholitis. Severe cold, cough, blocked nose. Chest X-ray done. Taken Augmentin, nebulization, nasal drops. Treatment?. Ask a Doctor about when and why X ray is advised, Ask a Pediatrician
The main symptoms are nasal congestion or nasal drainage either out the front or out the back also call post nasal drainage. That is one of the bigger factor that we try to manage. That can predispose people to sinus infections, said Chandler. To ...
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WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Body aches or pains, Fatigue, Nasal congestion and Pain or discomfort and including Viral syndrome, Hay fever and Acute sinusitis.
Dexbrompheniramine is an antihistamine that reduces the effects of natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion...
Chlorcyclizine is an antihistamine that reduces the effects of natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion...
Decongestants relieve nasal congestion. One example is ephedrine. Antipyretics are substances that reduce fever. One example is ... "Zicam Cold Remedy Nasal Products (Cold Remedy Nasal Gel, Cold Remedy Nasal Swabs, and Cold Remedy Swabs, Kids Size)". Sung, ... These include in adults: antihistamines, antihistamine-decongestant combinations, benzonatate, and guaifenesin; and in children ... antihistamines, decongestants for clearing up the nose, or combinations of these. Long term diphenhydramine use is associated ...
Pseudoephedrine, a nasal decongestant. Guaifenesin, an expectorant. Loperamide (Imodium AD) an anti-diarrheal agent. Pepto ... Nasopharyngeal Airway (NPA)w/surgilube or "nasal trumpet." This flexible tube secures a nasal airway when the casualty does not ...
Nasal decongestants are commonly used. It is also common practice to administer prophylactic antibiotics when the fracture ...
Other decongestants such as pseudoephedrine appear effective in adults. Ipratropium nasal spray may reduce the symptoms of a ... The safety and effectiveness of nasal decongestant use in children is unclear. Due to lack of studies, it is not known whether ... "Nasal decongestants for the common cold". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD001953. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001953.pub3. PMID ... In adults short term use of nasal decongestants may have a small benefit. Antihistamines may improve symptoms in the first day ...
Nasal decongestants may prevent sexually-induced sneezing. The phenomenon was noted as early as 1897 in John Noland Mackenzie's ... Sneezing occurs independent of external nasal stimuli or allergens, and may occur at any point during a sexual experience. Both ...
Table 2. Decongestants Causing Rhinitis Medicamentosa - Nasal decongestants: - Sympathomimetic: • Amphetamine "FDA Drug Safety ... drug-induced nasal congestion), reduced seizure threshold, and tics (a type of movement disorder). Dangerous physical side ...
Table 2. Decongestants Causing Rhinitis Medicamentosa - Nasal decongestants: - Sympathomimetic: • Amphetamine "FDA Drug Safety ... Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... Historically, it has been used to treat nasal congestion and depression. Amphetamine is also used as an athletic performance ... The class includes amphetamine itself, stimulants like methamphetamine, serotonergic empathogens like MDMA, and decongestants ...
... is generally available as a nasal spray. Oxymetazoline is available over-the-counter as a topical decongestant in ... Dougherty, Phillip H. (20 October 1986). "Advertising; Afrin Goes After Users Of Nasal Decongestants". The New York Times. The ... It can reduce nasal airway resistance (NAR) up to 35.7% and nasal mucosal blood flow up to 50%. Imidazolines are ... German Patent 1,117,588 "Drixoral Decongestant Nasal Spray". Bayer. Retrieved 2017-11-18. "Oxymetazoline: Drug Information ...
vasoconstriction and mydriasis; used as vasopressors, nasal decongestants and eye exams). Selected examples are: Methoxamine ...
Examples are nasal topical decongestants and smelling salt. Paste combines three agents - oil, water, and powder. It is an ... cocaine powder used in nasal surgery). Medication may be placed in a solid form. Examples are deodorant, antiperspirants, ... portal Liniment Unguent Finger tip unit Topical anesthetic Topical antibiotic Topical corticosteroids Topical decongestant ...
Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... It may be used as a nasal/sinus decongestant, as a stimulant, or as a wakefulness-promoting agent. The salts pseudoephedrine ... "Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". B.F. Ascher & Co., Inc. Retrieved 19 December 2013. "Proposed Rules". Federal ... Pseudoephedrine is used to relieve nasal or sinus congestion caused by the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever and other ...
There is tentative evidence for nasal irrigation. Decongestant nasal sprays containing oxymetazoline may provide relief, but ... It is unclear if nasal irrigation, antihistamines, or decongestants work in children with acute sinusitis. Most sinusitis cases ... Pain killers such as naproxen, nasal steroids, and nasal irrigation may be used to help with symptoms. Recommended initial ... "Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
... is still sold as an oral nasal decongestant in 8 mg pills, OTC. In 1997, the FDA proposed a regulation on ephedra ( ... limits and danger of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine as nasal decongestants". European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and ... It is of unclear benefit in nasal congestion. It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a muscle, vein, or just under the ... nasal instillations). ADRs associated with ephedrine therapy include: Cardiovascular: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, angina ...
... a stimulant commonly used as a nasal decongestant. She was banned for eight years for her second doping offence. List of ...
"Combined effects of a mechanical nasal dilator and a topical decongestant on nasal airflow resistance". Chest. 115 (6): 1514- ... Fenoxazoline (trade name Aturgyl in Brazil) is a nasal decongestant. Fenmetozole has the precise same formula, albeit instead ...
... (Metron, Susat) is a nasal decongestant marketed in Japan. Octodrine Swiss Pharmaceutical Society (2000). Index ...
"Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler. B.F. Ascher & Company, inc. ... "Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler. B.F. Ascher & Company, inc. ... Propylhexedrine, sold under the brand names Benzedrex and Obesin among others, is a nasal decongestant, appetite suppressant, ... Propylhexedrine is used to treat acute nasal congestion related to common cold, allergies and hay fever. For nasal congestion, ...
... nasal decongestants, allergy shots, and alternative medicine. In the case of nasal symptoms, antihistamines are normally the ... An example of nasal decongestants is pseudoephedrine and its side-effects include insomnia, restlessness, and difficulty ... There is also nasal endoscopy, wherein a tube is inserted through the nose with a small camera to view the passageways and ... Some other nasal sprays are available by prescription, including Azelastine and Ipratropium. Some of their side-effects include ...
The leaves as a nasal decongestant or as an antibacterial poultice by crushing the leaves. Leaves were also eaten to relieve ...
Pretreatment for susceptible individuals can include oral and nasal decongestants, or oral and nasal steroids. Negative ... oral and nasal decongestants, or oral and nasal steroids, and appropriate pain medication if needed. Ultrasound is the main ... One would be predisposed by a pre-existing upper respiratory infection, nasal allergies, recurrent changing pressures, ...
This might have occurred due to barotrauma of descent, and/or the effects of nasal decongestants. It is due to unequal increase ...
Topical Nasal Decongestants Most topical nasal decongestants also carry the warning against unsupervised use with hypertension ... Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... When the nasal decongestant is taken in excess, levomethamphetamine has potential side effects resembling those of other ... When hypertensive patients request a nasal decongestant, the pharmacist can recommend several alternatives. Propylhexedrine (e. ...
... (trade name Ellsyl) is a nasal decongestant against allergic and vasomotor rhinitis. Zumpft, C. W. (1975). "Double- ...
... (trade name Thymazen in Poland) is a nasal decongestant that can be used to treat rhinitis. It acts as an ...
Continuous usage of topical decongestants (nasal sprays) can lead to constant nasal congestion, known as Rhinitis medicamentosa ...
Several pharmacists have questioned the effectiveness of orally-administered phenylephrine as a nasal decongestant. At least ... "A placebo-controlled study of the nasal decongestant effect of phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine in the Vienna Challenge ... Day, J. H.; Briscoe, M. P.; Ratz, J. D.; Danzig, M.; Yao, R. (2009). "Efficacy of loratadine-montelukast on nasal congestion in ... Decongestants with other ingredients were completely converted to phenylephrine later in 2005. Original Sudafed is still ...
Bielkheden initially tested positive for methylhexaneamine, a stimulant often used as a nasal decongestant. The fighter found ... Bielkheden called it a case of "accidental doping" and has pointed to a nasal spray he took a few weeks prior to the bout or ...
Nasal inhalers contain decongestant drugs to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract. The active ingredient in ... List of medical inhalants Decongestant Hickey, A.J., ed. (2004). Pharmaceutical Inhalation Aerosol Technology (2nd ed.). NY: ... most decongestants is either pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine. Many are sold over-the-counter without a prescription.[1] In ...
... nasal decongestants, which can cause rebound congestion if used for more than a few days in a row; and some antidepressants, ...
Racemic pseudoephedrine is marketed as Sudafed and under other brand names as a nasal decongestant. Because pseudoephedrine can ...
Topical Nasal Decongestants. Most topical nasal decongestants also carry the warning against unsupervised use with hypertension ... When the nasal decongestant is taken in excess, levomethamphetamine has potential side effects resembling those of other ... Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... When hypertensive patients request a nasal decongestant, the pharmacist can recommend several alternatives. Propylhexedrine (e. ...
Nasal decongestants for the common cold,url=,journal=Cochrane Database Syst Rev,language=en,volume=,issue=1,page=CD001953,pages ... Nasal decongestants in monotherapy for the common cold,url=,journal=The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,language=en, ... 2 using a nasal gel) showed that the zinc treatment had a beneficial effect and 7 (5 using zinc lozenges, 1 using a nasal spray ... nasal sprays, and nasal gels on the common cold [69]. Of the 14 randomized, placebo-controlled studies included, 7 (5 using ...
"Nasal decongestants for the common cold". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD001953. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001953.pub3. PMID ... By breathing or swallowing droplets in the air containing the virus; or by contacting infected nasal mucus or contaminated ... However, first-generation antihistamines are associated with adverse side effects such as drowsiness.[36] Other decongestants ... Kassel, JC; King, D and Spurling, GK (2010-03-17). "Saline nasal irrigation for acute upper respiratory tract infections". ...
bronchodilators, antitussives, mucolytics, decongestants. inhaled and systemic corticosteroids, Beta2-adrenergic agonists, ... antihistamines for nasal allergies, xanthines for asthma, and typical antipsychotics for psychosis.[35]:23-24 As of 2007, ...
... nasal decongestants and bronchodilators (e.g., pseudoephedrine), antidepressants (e.g. bupropion), antiparkinson agents (e.g., ...
Topical decongestants may also be helpful in reducing symptoms such as nasal congestion, but should not be used for long ... It is used only when nasal congestion is present and can be used with antihistamines. In the United States, oral decongestants ... In the case of nasal antihistamines like azelastine antihistamine nasal spray, relief from symptoms is experienced within 15 ... The characteristic symptoms of allergic rhinitis are: rhinorrhea (excess nasal secretion), itching, sneezing fits, and nasal ...
It may be used as a nasal/sinus decongestant, as a stimulant,[119] or as a wakefulness-promoting agent.[120] ... "Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". B.F. Ascher & Co., Inc. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. Retrieved ... Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... Pseudoephedrine is used to relieve nasal or sinus congestion caused by the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever and other ...
Drugs: In particular, alcohol, nasal decongestants with adrenergic effects, NSAIDs, MAOIs, adrenoceptor stimulants, and ... which is often best treated with nocturnal nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), but other approaches include the ...
For their nasal delivery system, see inhaler.. A decongestant, or nasal decongestant, is a type of pharmaceutical drug that is ... Topical nasal or ophthalmic decongestants quickly develop tachyphylaxis (a rapid decrease in the response to a drug after ... Decongestants are used to treat nasal congestion, for instance in allergies, infections like the common cold, influenza, and ... Decongestant nasal sprays and eye drops often contain oxymetazoline and are used for topical decongestion. Pseudoephedrine acts ...
Many are used in medicine to treat hypotension and as topical decongestants. Vasoconstrictors are also used clinically to ... For example, pseudoephedrine is taken orally and phenylephrine is topically applied to the nasal passages or eyes. ... Medications that cause vasoconstriction include: antihistamines, decongestants, and stimulants. Severe vasoconstriction may ...
Examples are nasal topical decongestants and smelling salt. See also[edit]. .mw-parser-output .portal{border:solid #aaa 1px; ...
... limits and danger of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine as nasal decongestants". European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and ... Ephedrine is still sold as an oral nasal decongestant[43] in 8 mg pills, OTC. ... It is of unclear benefit in nasal congestion.[1] It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a muscle, vein, or just under ... nasal instillations). ADRs associated with ephedrine therapy include:[23] ...
Eccles, R.; Eriksson, M.; Garreffa, S.; Chen, S. (2008). „The nasal decongestant effect of xylometazoline in the common cold". ...
By the 1930s, amphetamine and some of its derivative compounds found use as decongestants in the symptomatic treatment of colds ... for colds and nasal congestion. Subsequently, amphetamine was used in the treatment of narcolepsy, obesity, hay fever, ...
Eccles, R.; Eriksson, M.; Garreffa, S.; Chen, S. (2008). "The nasal decongestant effect of xylometazoline in the common cold". ...
... "conjunctival decongestant" to be topically applied as a 0.5% solution.[49] However, no supporting references are provided. ... solutions of the drug to the nasal mucosa of patients with sinusitis did produce a beneficial constriction without local ...
Nasal sprays containing decongestants or steroids. The SUSMP March 2018 defines a Schedule 2 substance as "Substances, the safe ...
... a decongestant, known as loratadine/pseudoephedrine.[1] It is taken by mouth.[1] ... Nasal, Maxiclear Hayfever & Sinus Relief, and Rinavent, and in combination with phenylephrine and paracetamol it was available ... loratadine is effective for both nasal and eye symptoms - sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or burning eyes. ...
Continuous usage of topical decongestants (nasal sprays) can lead to constant nasal congestion, known as rhinitis medicamentosa ...
In April 1944, Eli Lilly and Company introduced methylhexanamine under the brand name Forthane as an inhaled nasal decongestant ... Historically, the compound has been used as a nasal decongestant but its oral application is largely unstudied leaving the ... the pharmaceutical industry had a strong interest in compounds in this class as nasal decongestants in the early 20th century, ... an indirect sympathomimetic drug invented and developed by Eli Lilly and Company and marketed as an inhaled nasal decongestant ...
Decongestants and other nasal preparations (R01). Topical. Sympathomimetics, plain. *Cyclopentamine. *Ephedrine. *Epinephrine ...
Amphetamine was developed by Smith, Kline and French as a nasal decongestant under the trade name Benzedrine Inhaler. ... By 1929 epinephrine had been formulated into an inhaler for use in the treatment of nasal congestion. ...
Available in oral and injectable form, theophylline is a long-acting bronchodilator that prevents asthma episodes. It belongs to the chemical class methyl xanthines (along with caffeine). It is prescribed in severe cases of asthma or those that are difficult to control. It must be taken 1-4 times daily, and doses cannot be missed. Blood tests are required to monitor therapy and to indicate when dosage adjustment is necessary. Side effects can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach or headache, rapid or irregular heart beat, muscle cramps, nervous or jittery feelings, and hyperactivity. These symptoms may signal the need for an adjustment in medication. It may promote acid reflux, also known as GERD, by relaxing the lower esophageal sphincter muscle. Some medications, such as seizure and ulcer medications and antibiotics containing erythromycin, can interfere with the way theophylline works. Coffee, tea, colas, cigarette-smoking, and viral illnesses can all affect the action of theophylline ...
... (INN,[3] also known as tetrahydrozoline) a drug used in some over-the-counter eye drops and nasal sprays. ...
It binds to α1 and α2 adrenergic receptors[8] in the nasal mucosa. Due to its sympathomimetic effects, it should not be used by ... The decongestant effect is due to constriction of large veins in the nose which swell up during the inflammation of any ... "Xylometazoline nasal medical facts from Drugs.com". www.drugs.com. Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 28 ... The smaller arteries are also constricted and this causes the colour of the nasal epithelium to be visibly paler after dosage. ...
Ipratropium as a nasal solution sprayed into the nostrils can reduce rhinorrhea but will not help nasal congestion.[8] ... Atrovent Nasal Spray Archived 2012-01-11 at the Wayback Machine. Drugs.com Retrieved May 28, 2012 ... Decongestants and other nasal preparations (R01). Topical. Sympathomimetics, plain. *Cyclopentamine. *Ephedrine. *Epinephrine ...
Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... Levomethamphetamine is available as an over-the-counter (OTC) drug for use as an inhaled nasal decongestant in the United ... which is an active ingredients in some OTC nasal decongestants,[note 3] toward a positive test result.[129][130][131] Dietary ... nasal decongestant products.[note 3]. As methamphetamine is associated with a high potential for misuse, the drug is regulated ...
... and topical decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline, and naphazoline nasal sprays) that constrict the ... Nasal polyp. Rhinorrhea. nasal septum Nasal septum deviation. Nasal septum perforation. Nasal septal hematoma. tonsil. ... Chronic rhinitis associated with polyps in the nasal cavity.. Prevention[edit]. In the case of infectious rhinitis, vaccination ... The antihistamine azelastine, applied as a nasal spray, may be effective for vasomotor rhinitis.[30] Fluticasone propionate or ...
To prevent congestion, allergies can be treated by the use of antihistamines, decongestants and nasal sprays, and allergy ... Some steroid nasal sprays do not have this side effect and can be very effective, but may also only be available by ... Nasal congestion may affect the sinus openings and the eustachian tubes and may lead to difficulty or inability to clear the ... Decongestants can have side effects such as speeding up heart rate which may have adverse effects in cases where there is ...
Cerebral infarction after excessive use of nasal decongestants. Message subject: (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
Many people consider nasal congestion to be one of the most bothersome allergy symptoms. Decongestants help relieve your ... Nasal Spray Decongestants. Most people take decongestants in a pill form. Nasal sprays feature a decongestant that is delivered ... Sometimes taking decongestants arent enough to alleviate severe nasal allergy symptoms. If youre still having bothersome ... Nasal spray decongestants may provide temporary relief from congestion. However, theyre especially prone to inducing tolerance ...
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Phenylephrine nasal decongestant drug molecule. Atoms are represented as spheres with conventional colour coding: hydrogen ( ... nasal, nasal decongestant, nitrogen, no one, no-one, nobody, oxygen, pharma, pharmaceutical, pharmacology, pharmacy, ... Caption: Phenylephrine nasal decongestant drug molecule. Atoms are represented as spheres with conventional colour coding: ... decongestant, digitally generated, disease, drug, drugs, generic, haemorrhoid, hemorrhoids, hydrogen, illustration, medication ...
For their nasal delivery system, see inhaler.. A decongestant, or nasal decongestant, is a type of pharmaceutical drug that is ... Topical nasal or ophthalmic decongestants quickly develop tachyphylaxis (a rapid decrease in the response to a drug after ... Decongestants are used to treat nasal congestion, for instance in allergies, infections like the common cold, influenza, and ... Decongestant nasal sprays and eye drops often contain oxymetazoline and are used for topical decongestion. Pseudoephedrine acts ...
Nasal Decongestants. Nasal congestion is a prominent symptom of several common conditions. Nasal decongestants provide ... Nasal Congestion. You should ask a physician before taking any oral nasal decongestant tablets, capsules, or liquids. The ... One nasal decongestant product is not required to carry the obligatory warnings. This is the nasal inhaler ingredient known as ... The external nasal dilator mechanically opens the nasal passages, as typified by Breathe Right Nasal Strips.4 To use the ...
Nasal decongestants may be used in many forms, including tablets, nose drops, and nasal sprays. ... However, nasal decongestants should only be used for three days at a time to avoid significant rebound effect. The most severe ... Decongestants do not have any interactions with drugs that would be taken by a generally healthy child. Even so, people using ... Although decongestants have the potential for serious side effects and adverse effects, they are very safe when used properly. ...
Cough and cold medications that contain nasal decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants, and expectorants commonly are ... Cough and cold medications that contain nasal decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants, and expectorants commonly are ...
Consumer information about nasal decongestants and antihistamines including a list of the short-acting and long-acting ... decongestants, side effects, drug interactions, and safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding. ... What are nasal decongestants?. Decongestants are used to treat nasal congestion. Nasal decongestants are applied to nasal ... Nasal decongestants are used to treat nasal congestion and discomfort from allergies and colds. There are two types of nasal ...
Nasal Decongestant Drug Products: Pseudoephedrine. Final Rule. Date. FR Citation. Final Rule: Reduces maximum daily dose. 9/30/ ... Nasal Decongestant Drug Products: Sinusitis. Proposed Rule. Date. FR Citation. Proposed Rule: Prohibits sinusitis claim. 8/2/ ... Nasal Decongestant Drug Products: Pediatric Use. Proposed Rule. Date. FR Citation. Notice: Advisory Committee Meeting. 8/16/ ... Nasal Decongestant Drug Products: Phenylephrine Bitartrate. Proposed Rule. Date. FR Citation. Proposed Rule: Adds effervescent ...
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Find patient medical information for Nasal Decongestant Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions ... How to use Nasal Decongestant Capsule. Take this medication by mouth with or without food, as directed by your doctor. If you ... Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant (sympathomimetic). It reduces nasal congestion by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose. ... Nasal Decongestant Capsule. GENERIC NAME(S): Brompheniramine-PPA, Chlorpheniramine-Phenylpropan, Triprolidine-Pseudoephedrine, ...
... includes Nostril Nasal Decongestant description, dosage and directions. ... Drug class: nasal antihistamines and decongestants. Consumer resources. Other brands: Nasal Four, Neo-Synephrine Nasal, 4 Way ... Nostril Nasal Decongestant. Generic Name: phenylephrine nasal (FEN il EFF rin). Brand Name: 4-Way, 4-Way Menthol, Afrin 4 Hour ... Neo-Synephrine Extra Strength Nasal, Neo-Synephrine Mild Nasal, Neo-Synephrine Nasal, Sinex Nasal Spray, Sinex Ultra Fine Mist ...
PubMed journal article Nasal decongestants in monotherapy for the common col were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed ... Single-dose decongestant versus placebo: 10 studies compared a single dose of nasal decongestant with placebo and their ... Single-dose decongestant versus placebo: 10 studies compared a single dose of nasal decongestant with placebo and their ... we were also unable to draw conclusions on the effectiveness of oral versus topical decongestants. Nasal decongestants do not ...
Theres a rumor that nasal decongestant sprays are somehow addictive. Here, experts discuss whether this idea is up to snuff. ... When you use nasal decongestant spray for more than a few days, your body can actually create rebound nasal stuffiness when you ... That doesnt mean you shouldnt use nasal decongestant sprays at all. "I tell my patients that its OK to use a nasal ... Nasal decongestant spray can definitely help you feel less stuffed up at first. But using them for more than three or so days ...
Women who take nasal decongestants during their pregnancy may be raising the risk that their newborn will suffer. ... Nasal Decongestants May Cause Birth Defect. Women who take nasal decongestants in the first trimester of their pregnancy may be ... You are here: Home / Defective Drugs / Multaq / Nasal Decongestants Taken in First Trimester can Lead to Birth Defect ... Nasal Decongestants and Potential Birth Injuries. Pseudoephedrine is found in Sudafed, Actifed, Claritin, Benadryl, Zyrtec, ...
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If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
... nasal steroid sprays, and other medical treatments may provide relief from allergies, nasal congestion, and snoring. ... Decongestants and Nasal Steroids to Treat Snoring By Brandon Peters, MD , Medically reviewed by a board-certified physician , ... What Can Improve Nasal Congestion If you suffer from nasal congestion during certain times of the year, such as when youre ... In this situation, the use of decongestants and nasal steroids may be helpful in treating congestion and alleviating snoring. ...
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  • Most people who have allergies are familiar with nasal congestion. (healthline.com)
  • Nasal congestion is not only uncomfortable. (healthline.com)
  • Decongestants are over-the-counter medications that help break this cycle of congestion and pressure. (healthline.com)
  • This helps relieve congestion caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the nasal passages. (healthline.com)
  • Nasal spray decongestants may provide temporary relief from congestion. (healthline.com)
  • A decongestant , or nasal decongestant , is a type of pharmaceutical drug that is used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract . (wikipedia.org)
  • Decongestants are used to treat nasal congestion , for instance in allergies , infections like the common cold , influenza , and sinus infection , and nasal polyps . (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasal congestion is a prominent symptom of several common conditions. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Nasal decongestants provide symptomatic relief of nasal congestion due to allergies or the common cold. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Rebound congestion is a constant nasal stuffiness (congestion) that develops from the overuse of nasal sprays (or drops or gels) that contain a decongestant medicine. (medicalrecords.com)
  • Some examples of nasal spray decongestants are oxymetazoline (such as Afrin or Zicam Extreme Congestion Relief) and phenylephrine (such as Neo-Synephrine). (medicalrecords.com)
  • Rebound congestion can develop from using a nasal decongestant more times in one day or more days than the label says. (medicalrecords.com)
  • As the medicine wears off, sinus membranes swell, causing congestion, and a person may respond by using a higher dose of decongestant. (medicalrecords.com)
  • Cough that can be dry cough (cough without sputum) or productive cough (cough which tries to release yellow or green mucus, - sputum or phlegm production) wheezing , dyspnoea (shortness of breath), general discomfort, sore throat , fever , runny nose, nasal congestion, chest congestion, etc. (botanical-online.com)
  • Sometimes it may be convenient to take some decongestants in order to alleviate nasal congestion or some expectorants in case of dry cough to dissolve phlegm and help to expel them from our lungs. (botanical-online.com)
  • Relieve the discomfort of nasal congestion that accompanies the common cold , sinusitis, and allergic rhinitis . (nurseslabs.com)
  • Decrease nasal congestion related to the common cold , sinusitis, and allergic rhinitis. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Relieves discomfort of nasal congestion associated with the common cold, sinusitis, allergic rhinitis. (nurseslabs.com)
  • It is used for the symptomatic treatment of the nasal mucosa congestion caused by sinusitis and rhinitis, and belongs to the category of OTC medicines. (jgl.hr)
  • What Causes Nasal Congestion? (spartanburgent.com)
  • Congestion occurs when nasal tissues and blood vessels become swollen and inflamed. (spartanburgent.com)
  • Anything that irritates the nasal tissues can cause congestion. (spartanburgent.com)
  • For decongestants, blood pressure guidelines suggest using them for the shortest duration possible or using an alternative such as nasal saline or antihistamines to help with congestion. (fitness-gear-pro.com)
  • Nasal sprays feature a decongestant that is delivered directly into the nasal cavities. (healthline.com)
  • Decongestant nasal sprays and eye drops often contain oxymetazoline and are used for topical decongestion . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most effective treatment for nasal symptoms, such as stuffy/runny nose and sneezing, is steroid nasal sprays. (excellusbcbs.com)
  • After a successful launch of the first product in the Meralys line and strengthening its position in the demanding category of nasal decongestants, JGL introduces its Meralys HA nasal sprays to the market. (jgl.hr)
  • In addition to the standard Meralys formulation, these sprays are enriched with hyaluronic acid that provides additional moisture and protection to the nasal mucosa. (jgl.hr)
  • Some anti-allergy drugs are available in the form of nasal sprays, often containing sodium cromoglicate, a substance that blocks the allergy. (reliawire.com)
  • Nasal sprays can be used as decongestants, but their long term use is not recommended. (reliawire.com)
  • You can be advised a course of antibiotics, oral as well as nasal decongestants like Xylometazoline nasal sprays. (questiondoctors.com)
  • Saline nasal sprays are a better bet, especially when used in conjunction with a humidifier to moisten the air and keep nasal passages from drying out. (spartanburgent.com)
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine eye drops can relieve red itchy eyes, while nasal sprays can be used. (maka767.us)
  • The active ingredient in most decongestants is either pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine (the latter of which has disputed effectiveness ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most topical nasal decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, and naphazoline) also carry the warning against use by patients with heart disease and high blood pressure, due to the possibility that some of the chemical might be absorbed and reach blood levels that would endanger their health. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Phenylephrine is also available as nasal drops. (uptodate.com)
  • This topic will discuss the clinical features, diagnosis, and management of poisoning caused by phenylephrine and related decongestants. (uptodate.com)
  • The two over-the-counter oral decongestants are pseudoephedrine (Sudafed®) and phenylephrine. (excellusbcbs.com)
  • There are also some products that combine oral antihistamines with decongestants (usually either pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine). (excellusbcbs.com)
  • Decongestants - like pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine - constrict blood vessels. (fitness-gear-pro.com)
  • Intranasal corticosteroids can also be used as decongestants and antihistamines can be used to alleviate runny nose , nasal itch , and sneezing . (wikipedia.org)
  • Decongestants can be absorbed from the nose via an inhaler and produce systemic effects, mainly central nervous system stimulation and rise in blood pressure . (wikipedia.org)
  • A newer version of the strip (Breathe Right Advanced) contacts the skin of the nose at four points to better achieve nasal patency. (uspharmacist.com)
  • This vasoconstriction leads to a shrinking of swollen mucous membranes and tends to open clogged nasal passages, providing relief from the discomfort of a blocked nose and promoting drainage of secretions and improved airflow. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Try removing mucus from the nose with a nasal bulb (aspirator) and having your child lie on his or her stomach to help mucus drain. (spartanburgent.com)
  • The external nasal dilator mechanically opens the nasal passages, as typified by Breathe Right Nasal Strips. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Decongestants help to open up the swelled passages in the nasal and sinus area, allowing the user to breathe easier. (excellusbcbs.com)
  • Decongestants cause local vasoconstriction, thereby reducing blood flow to the mucous membranes of the nasal passages and sinus cavities. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Decongestants (to shrink the blood vessels in the nasal passages) and antihistamines (to reduce the amount of mucus) provide quick relief, but they are only effective for a few days. (spartanburgent.com)
  • The vast majority of decongestants act via enhancing norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline) or adrenergic activity by stimulating the α1-adrenergic receptor since they mediate vasoconstriction and constricting nasal vasculature causes decongestion of nasal mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • They shrink nasal mucosa through their vasoconstrictor effects. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Nasal decongestants ( sympathomimetic amines ) stimulate the alpha-adrenergic receptors, producing vascular constriction of the capillaries within the nasal mucosa. (nurseslabs.com)
  • hyaluronic acid that additionally protects and moisturises the nasal mucosa, accelerates the healing of wounds and skin damage, and improves the nasal mucosa elasticity and firmness. (jgl.hr)
  • The third component is a tested and efficient decongestant xylometazoline that reduces the swelling of the mucosa and the adjacent parts of the pharynx, alleviates breathing, and improves secretion. (jgl.hr)
  • Studies have shown that the combination of an antihistamine drug and a decongestant is better at relieving the symptoms of allergic rhinitis due to seasonal inhalant allergies. (healthline.com)
  • Treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients who are not obtaining a response with other decongestants or preparations. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Consult with your doctor before taking a decongestant if you're currently taking any other medications. (healthline.com)
  • This article is about decongestant medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both decongestants and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), found in many cold medicines, were listed as medications that could increase blood pressure. (fitness-gear-pro.com)
  • People who are sick should use both classes of medications - decongestants and NSAIDs - judiciously and understand the potential side effects. (fitness-gear-pro.com)
  • It is one of the most common complaints, especially when it persists or is accompanied by nasal discharge. (spartanburgent.com)
  • Pharmacists can recommend alternative nonpharmacologic devices to assist patients with heart disease or hypertension gain nasal airway patency, such as external nasal dilators. (uspharmacist.com)
  • When the membrane lining the nasal passageways becomes inflamed it causes an obstruction to the airway and, as we have already established, it is just such a blockage that creates the symptom of snoring. (reliawire.com)
  • Sometimes taking decongestants aren't enough to alleviate severe nasal allergy symptoms. (healthline.com)
  • 3 It is not the optimal choice for patients with heart problems, however, as it shares a risk common to all topical nasal decongestants, that of causing rhinitis medicamentosa, a clinical condition in which the nasal turbinates become progressively more congested as the product is used. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Topical nasal decongestants, oral decongestant, and topical steroid nasal decongestants are classifications of decongestants. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Imitate the effects of the sympathetic nervous system to cause vasoconstriction, leading to decreased edema and inflammation of the nasal membranes. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Shrink the nasal mucous membrane by stimulating the alpha-adrenergic receptors in the nasal mucous membranes. (nurseslabs.com)
  • Many cold medicines contain decongestants and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), both of which can raise blood pressure. (kulturekritic.com)
  • The most popular treatments are oral antihistamines and oral decongestants. (excellusbcbs.com)
  • Oral ant-histamines may be used in conjunction with a decongestant to relieve inflammation and itching. (reliawire.com)
  • People with uncontrolled high blood pressure or heart disease should avoid taking oral decongestants," Sondra DePalma, a physician assistant at UPMC Pinnacle in Pennsylvania, told American Heart Association News . (kulturekritic.com)
  • American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) recommends that you don't use spray decongestants for longer than three days at a time. (healthline.com)
  • Regular use of decongestants for long periods should be avoided because mucosal ciliary function is impaired: atrophic rhinitis and anosmia (loss of the sense of smell) can occur due to persistent vasoconstriction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines released last year by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology dealing with high blood pressure management say that decongestants should be used for as short a time as possible, and to try alternatives such as nasal saline or antihistamines. (kulturekritic.com)
  • Vasoconstrictors in the nasal decongestants cause local ischaemia/infarction of the cartilage with chronic use in much the same way as cocaine in illicit users. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant (sympathomimetic). (webmd.com)
  • Decongestants, which contain ingredients like pseudoephedrine, work by narrowing swollen blood vessels in your nasal tissue, according to the Mayo Clinic . (self.com)
  • Whether any oral decongestants (pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, and phenylpropanolamine) cross the placenta to exert any direct effect on the fetus is unknown. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Pseudoephedrine is used to relieve sinus and nasal congestion. (mydr.com.au)
  • Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and pseudoephedrine are over-the-counter medications that have potent activity as decongestants. (livestrong.com)
  • Like other OTC decongestants, people also use pseudoephedrine to lose weight. (tennouharu.info)
  • Sudafed Sinus Nasal Decongestant contains pseudoephedrine hydrochloride to relieve nasal congestion from common colds, hay fever sinusitis The primary ingredient in Sudafed is Pseudoephedrine HCL. (tennouharu.info)
  • Pseudoephedrine being FDA approved as an over the counter oral decongestant is closely related to the once powerful weight loss supplement ephedrine. (tennouharu.info)
  • By selectively activating the alpha receptors in the mucosa tract of the respiratory nasal pathways pseudoephedrine produces vasoconstriction Sudafed Weight Loss. (tennouharu.info)
  • Pseudoephedrine is a stimulant found in over the counter and prescription decongestants. (tennouharu.info)
  • Pill form decongestants include pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine. (steadyhealth.com)
  • The main ingredients used in decongestants are pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine. (wikibooks.org)
  • The active ingredient in most decongestants is either pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine (the latter of which has disputed effectiveness ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride extended release tablets, Long-acting nasal decongestant. (wegmans.com)
  • These changes are part of a national effort to close down home-based "meth labs" that churn out methamphetamine, a highly addictive street drug that is easily made from pseudoephedrine, the active ingredient in Sudafed and hundreds of other over-the-counter (OTC) decongestants. (harvard.edu)
  • Fearing that customers will shy away from asking a pharmacist or clerk for these products, some drug companies are replacing pseudoephedrine with a similar over-the-counter decongestant called phenylephrine that can't be made into methamphetamine. (harvard.edu)
  • The capsules contain two active ingredients, acrivastine (a non-sedating antihistamine), and pseudoephedrine (a nasal decongestant). (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Pseudoephedrine works by acting on alpha receptors found in the walls of blood vessels in the linings of the nasal passages and sinuses. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • However, when taken by mouth, decongestants such as pseudoephedrine can temporarily decrease the production of breast milk with just one or two doses. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These medications contain Pseudoephedrine , which is a nasal decongestant. (askdrsears.com)
  • Some nasal decongestant spray users don't understand why they're so stuffy and end up at the doctor's office, where they're often clued in to their dependency, while others figure it out without a doctor's help, says Dr. Del Signore. (self.com)
  • For relief, then turn into Mucinex Children's Stuffy nasal decongestant for child , it offers rapid relief and lasts for up to 12 hours. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • It is sold primarily as a cold sinus medication due to its ability to relieve nasal congestion sinus pressure. (tennouharu.info)
  • Decongestants reduce swelling of the mucus membranes and relieve nasal congestion. (steadyhealth.com)
  • A decongestant , or nasal decongestant , is a type of pharmaceutical drug that is used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract . (wikipedia.org)
  • Decongestants relieve nasal congestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are you looking the best price for Benzedrex Nasal Decongestant Inhaler and you want to get great deals & best buy this product? (blogspot.com)
  • I'll give you some tips before you decide to buy Benzedrex Nasal Decongestant Inhaler . (blogspot.com)
  • You can also find price comparisons from sellers, so you really get the best price currently for the Benzedrex Nasal Decongestant Inhaler. (blogspot.com)
  • Check our store for more information and get special offers for Benzedrex Nasal Decongestant Inhaler . (blogspot.com)
  • For their nasal delivery system, see inhaler . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the nasal inhaler ingredient known as propylhexedrine (Benzedrex). (uspharmacist.com)
  • Topical decongestants on topical application as dilute solution (0.05-0.1%) produce local vasoconstriction . (wikipedia.org)
  • One group received saline irrigation along with oxymetazoline hydrochloride 0.05% nasal spray and other received only saline irrigation. (medznat.ru)
  • Nasal decongestants are available as sprays, drops, and inhalers. (medicinenet.com)
  • In addition, imidazolines, which is used in nasal decongestant sprays and eye drops, was linked to a twofold increased risk of a defect that causes an abnormal connection between the trachea and the esophagus. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Imidazolines is found in nasal decongestant sprays and eye drops. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Find out the serious risks, often requiring hospitalization, to infants and young children who accidentally swallow the liquids in nasal sprays or eye drops. (worstpills.org)
  • Decongestant nasal sprays and eye drops often contain oxymetazoline and are used for topical decongestion . (wikipedia.org)
  • To apply nasal drops, wash your hands first. (medhelp.org)
  • Check the product package or consult with your doctor or pharmacist about whether these nasal drops can be used in children. (medhelp.org)
  • Saline nasal rinses can be used for congestion-related allergy symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Instead, you son may benefit from nasal saline rinses. (healthtap.com)
  • Buy plain saline nasal spray and treat your cat every six to eight hours. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Our complete set of nasal hygiene products, ranging from sterile saline solutions to nasal sprays, will relieve you of excess mucus and other nasal conditions. (frezyderm.co.uk)
  • Hypertonic saline solution with 2.2% NaCl that relieves cold symptoms, cleanses the nasal cavity, removes mucus. (frezyderm.co.uk)
  • Hypertonic 0.9% NaCl saline that protects and relieves symptoms of dry nasal cavity. (frezyderm.co.uk)
  • Hypertonic 0.9% NaCl saline that relieves symptoms of allergic rhinitis, soothes inflammation and cleanses the nasal cavity. (frezyderm.co.uk)
  • The saline+oxymetazoline group showed significant lesser VAS scores for nasal crusting and bleeding as compared to the saline group. (medznat.ru)
  • Try breathe right nasal strips. (healthunlocked.com)
  • The external nasal dilator mechanically opens the nasal passages, as typified by Breathe Right Nasal Strips. (uspharmacist.com)
  • It is sprayed into the nostrils to relieve congestion and other nasal symptoms of the common cold and sinusitis . (verywell.com)
  • We also analysed studies using an oral or topical nasal decongestant separately and together. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • four studies used topical decongestants.Participants were included after contracting the common cold. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • ATC R01A: Decongestants & other nasal preparations for topical use and breastfeeding. (e-lactancia.org)
  • Developing economies have witnessed the rise in sales of topical and oral nasal decongestants in common cold. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Each 1 mL of this solution comprises 0.25 mg Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION: ILIADIN Pediatric 0,025% is a topical vasoconstrictor which exerts a decongestant action on mucous membranes of the nasopharyngeal cavity. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • Topical nasal or ophthalmic decongestants quickly develop tachyphylaxis ( a rapid decrease in the response to a drug after repeated doses over a short period of time ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most topical nasal decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, and naphazoline) also carry the warning against use by patients with heart disease and high blood pressure, due to the possibility that some of the chemical might be absorbed and reach blood levels that would endanger their health. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 3 It is not the optimal choice for patients with heart problems, however, as it shares a risk common to all topical nasal decongestants, that of causing rhinitis medicamentosa, a clinical condition in which the nasal turbinates become progressively more congested as the product is used. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 1 Patients often overuse the topical nasal inhalers to regain nasal patency, eventually becoming dependent on them and using them for periods of months or years. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Dimetapp Cold & Allergy for children is devised with two multi cold-fighting components: a nasal decongestant for child (Phenylephrine HCI) and an antihistamine (Brompheniramine maleate). (childrenforchildren.org)
  • To get rid of nasal congestion one could quit smoking, stay hydrated, use an over the counter decongestant try taking an OTC antihistamine. (tennouharu.info)
  • Purpose: Expectorant, Nasal Decongestant. (wegmans.com)
  • Many 'cough and cold' medicines combine a cough suppressant and/or an expectorant with other active ingredients including antihistamines, decongestants and paracetamol. (kidspot.com.au)
  • and 2) long acting, for example xylometazoline (Triaminic Decongestant Spray Nasal & Sinus Congestion) and oxymetazoline (Afrin, Vicks Sinex, Zicam Nasal Gel). (medicinenet.com)
  • Other decongestants included phenylpropanolamine, norephedrine and xylometazoline. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Any nasal sprays containing phenylephrine, neo-synephrine, oxymetazoline, and xylometazoline (look under the active ingredients) are considered nasal decongestants. (fauquierent.net)
  • Most minor allergy symptoms can be treated with antihistamines, corticosteroids, or decongestants. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Frequent or prolonged use may cause nasal congestion to recur or worsen. (zicam.com)
  • Frequent or prolonged use may cause nasal congestion to come back or get worse. (medshopexpress.com)
  • Using the medication too long or too often may worsen your symptoms or cause nasal congestion to clear up and come back. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Nasal polyps can sometimes cause nasal congestion. (hubpages.com)
  • Children's Sudafed PE Nasal Decongestant for Child offers temporary, non-drowsy relief for symptoms of the frequent mind cold, hay fever, or other upper respiratory afflictions. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • Children's Sudafed PE Nasal Decongestant includes raspberry flavor children are certain to love. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • Nasal strips and decongestants: how do they provide relief from nasal congestion? (analyzedirect.com)
  • How do you get relief from nasal congestion if you can't take decongestants? (steadyhealth.com)
  • Vicks Sinex Nasal Decongestant with aromas of Aloe, Eucalyptus & Menthol provides 12 hour relief from nasal congestion. (zimseller.co.uk)
  • Decongestants cause blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). (medicinenet.com)
  • Phenylephrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. (drugs.com)
  • This helps relieve congestion caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the nasal passages. (healthline.com)
  • Afrin nasal spray should not be used for more than three days at a time to avoid the development of a condition called rebound congestion (or rhinitis medicamentosa. (verywell.com)
  • Common brand names are Afrin® Nasal Spray, Anefrin® Nasal Spray, Dristan®Nasal Spray, Mucinex® Nasal Spray, Nostrilla® Nasal Spray, Vicks Sinex® Nasal Spray and Zicam® Nasal Spray. (hubpages.com)
  • The mucous membranes lining these structures are vascularized, and decongestants provide a short-term solution to congestion by constricting the blood vessels in the mucous membranes, which decreases swelling. (dansa.org)
  • Also my nasal passages are full of mucous. (steadyhealth.com)
  • The recommended dose of oxymetazoline nasal spray for adults and children over 12 years of age is 2 or 3 sprays into each nostril every 10 to 12 hours, as needed. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Triaminic Children's Nasal Decongestant For Child Spray Ages helps loosen phlegm (mucus) and thins bronchial secretions to make coughs more productive and temporarily relieves sinus and nasal congestion as can happen with a cold. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • Nasal decongestant for kid make coughs more productive and temporarily relieves sinus and nasal congestion. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • As a sinus and nasal decongestant, Sudafed PE works by stimulating certain receptors known as alpha-adrenergic receptors. (emedtv.com)
  • Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the tissues lining the nasal passages. (medicinenet.com)
  • Regular use of decongestants for long periods should be avoided because mucosal ciliary function is impaired: atrophic rhinitis and anosmia (loss of the sense of smell) can occur due to persistent vasoconstriction. (wikipedia.org)
  • It belongs to a group of medicines called sympathomimetic decongestants. (mydr.com.au)
  • Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 3 days of using phenylephrine nasal, or if they get worse and you also have a fever. (drugs.com)
  • As gentle as the kid, small noses decongestant is ideal for relief of common cold, hay fever and upper respiratory ailments. (childrenforchildren.org)
  • It is because steam inhalation does not reduce the nasal inflammation and does not constrict nasal blood vessels. (hubpages.com)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging can provide detailed information about the nasal cavity, and while this modality has been used to measure the effectiveness of decongestants, until recently, no MRI studies had been performed on the effectiveness of nasal strips. (analyzedirect.com)
  • Researchers at Imperial College London, GlaxoSmithKline and Cardiff University studied the impact of nasal strips, decongestants and a combination nasal strip/decongestant treatment on the nasal cavities of people suffering from nasal congestion. (analyzedirect.com)
  • The researchers found that while either treatment will increase the volume of the nasal cavity compared to placebo, nasal strips have the greatest volume-increasing impact in the superior-anterior (upper front) regions, whereas nasal spray decongestants have the greatest effect in the inferior-posterior (lower rear) regions. (analyzedirect.com)
  • Formulations with phenylephrine include Sudafed PE, PediaCare, Triaminic Thin Strips and Vicks Sinex nasal sprays. (livestrong.com)
  • Simple measures such as steam inhalation clear nasal passage from secretions. (hubpages.com)
  • These treatments cause an enlargement in certain parts of the nasal airspace, and in general the more enlarged the nasal cavity becomes, the greater the relief. (analyzedirect.com)
  • Using Analyze software, the nasal cavity was segmented from each MRI scan and divided into eight compartments, separating the airspace into left, right, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior subregions. (analyzedirect.com)
  • The combination of both treatments gives the greatest volume increase throughout the nasal cavity. (analyzedirect.com)
  • By doing this, it reduces the amount of blood that flows through the nasal cavity so that the swollen tissues shrink in order to allow more air to pass through this area. (wikibooks.org)
  • Dilatation of these small blood vessels causes edema of the inner nasal cavity. (hubpages.com)
  • Vicks Sinex effectively alleviates sinus pressure and shrinks swollen nasal membrane with just a few sprays in each nostril. (zimseller.co.uk)
  • Get relief from sinus pressure and congestion by reducing swollen nasal passages. (sudafed.com.au)
  • It contains a special blend of ingredients that soothes and moisturizes dry irritated nasal passages. (dillons.com)
  • Lastly, the active ingredients in nasal decongestants further interact with other pharmaceuticals , producing more health problems over time. (natureword.com)
  • Check the labels on all your medicines (e.g., cough-and-cold products) because they may contain decongestants or ingredients that could increase your heart rate or blood pressure. (medhelp.org)
  • It contains a special blend of ingredients that soothes and moisturizes dry, irritated nasal passages so you can breathe more freely. (thehealthdepot.ca)
  • You'll be able to whip up these nasal decongestant solutions in the comfort of your own home, with ingredients that you probably already have on hand - all inside of 30 seconds or less. (bestremedyideas.com)