Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
A method for diagnosis of fetal diseases by sampling the cells of the placental chorionic villi for DNA analysis, presence of bacteria, concentration of metabolites, etc. The advantage over amniocentesis is that the procedure can be carried out in the first trimester.
Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
The short, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group E in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 16, 17, and 18.
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Diseases of BONES.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
The medium-sized, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group D in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 13, 14, and 15.
Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
Extracellular substance of bone tissue consisting of COLLAGEN fibers, ground substance, and inorganic crystalline minerals and salts.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.

Goosecoid acts cell autonomously in mesenchyme-derived tissues during craniofacial development. (1/204)

Mice homozygous for a targeted deletion of the homeobox gene Goosecoid (Gsc) have multiple craniofacial defects. To understand the mechanisms responsible for these defects, the behavior of Gsc-null cells was examined in morula aggregation chimeras. In these chimeras, Gsc-null cells were marked with beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) activity using the ROSA26 lacZ allele. In addition, mice with a lacZ gene that had been introduced into the Gsc locus were used as a guide to visualize the location of Gsc-expressing cells. In Gsc-null<->wild-type chimeras, tissues that would normally not express Gsc were composed of both Gsc-null and wild-type cells that were well mixed, reflecting the overall genotypic composition of the chimeras. However, craniofacial tissues that would normally express Gsc were essentially devoid of Gsc-null cells. Furthermore, the nasal capsules and mandibles of the chimeras had defects similar to Gsc-null mice that varied in severity depending upon the proportion of Gsc-null cells. These results combined with the analysis of Gsc-null mice suggest that Gsc functions cell autonomously in mesenchyme-derived tissues of the head. A developmental analysis of the tympanic ring bone, a bone that is always absent in Gsc-null mice because of defects at the cell condensation stage, showed that Gsc-null cells had the capacity to form the tympanic ring condensation in the presence of wild-type cells. However, analysis of the tympanic ring bones of 18.5 d.p.c. chimeras suggests that Gsc-null cells were not maintained. The participation of Gsc-null cells in the tympanic ring condensation of chimeras may be an epigenetic phenomenon that results in a local environment in which more precursor cells are present. Thus, the skeletal defects observed in Gsc-null mice may reflect a regional reduction of precursor cells during embryonic development.  (+info)

Rhinostomies: an open and shut case? (2/204)

AIMS: To analyse bone fragments from rhinostomies of patients undergoing revisional dacryocystorhinostomy, looking for evidence of new bone formation. METHODS: 14 consecutive patients undergoing secondary lacrimal surgery were included in this study. In each case the existing rhinostomy was enlarged with bone punches, care being taken to use the punches with the jaws cutting perpendicularly to the edge of the rhinostomy, to allow accurate orientation of the specimens. The fragments were examined histologically for evidence of new bone formation. RESULTS: Histological sections showed fragments of bone with variable fibrosis at the edge of the rhinostomy. There was evidence of only very little new bone formation. CONCLUSION: This study has clearly shown that, at the edge of a rhinostomy, healing is predominantly by fibrosis and there is only very limited new bone formation.  (+info)

Location of the glenoid fossa after a period of unilateral masticatory function in young rabbits. (3/204)

Changes in glenoid fossa position and skull morphology after a period of unilateral masticatory function were studied. The right-side maxillary and mandibular molars in twenty-seven 10-day-old rabbits were ground down under general anaesthesia. The procedure was repeated twice a week, until the rabbits were 50 days old. Fourteen rabbits were then killed and 13 left to grow to age 100 days. Nine 50-day-old and sixteen 100-day-old rabbits with unmodified occlusions served as controls. Three-dimensional measurements were made using a machine-vision technique and a video-imaging camera. The glenoid fossa position become more anterior in both groups of animals subjected to molar grinding as compared with controls (P < 0.01 in the 50-day-old group and P < 0.05 in 100-day-old group). In the 100-day-old group the right-side fossa was also in a more inferior position (P < 0.01). The glenoid fossa was more anteriorly located on the right than on the left side of individual animals in the group in which the right-side molars had been ground down (P < 0.001).  (+info)

The prenatal cranial base complex and hand in Turner syndrome. (4/204)

From early childhood, Turner syndrome patients have a flattened cranial base, maxillary retrognathism, and short hands. There are, however, no studies that show when these genotype-determined abnormalities occur prenatally. The purpose of the present study was to measure craniofacial profile and hand radiographs of second trimester foetuses with Turner syndrome and compare the results with similar measurements from normal foetuses. The subjects consisted of 12 Turner syndrome foetuses, gestational age (GA) varying between 15 and 24 weeks, and crown-rump length (CRL) between 108 and 220 mm. The mid-sagittal block of each cranium was analysed as part of the requested brain analysis (pituitary gland analysis). This block and the right hand from seven foetuses were radiographed, and the skeletal maturity of the cranial base complex, i.e. the cranial base and the maxilla, was evaluated from the profile radiographs. Shape and size measurements in the cranial base were performed, and compared with normal values according to cranial maturity and to CRL. The cranial base angle in Turner syndrome was greater and the maxillary prognathism was reduced compared with the normal group. The dimensions in the cranial complex and in the hand showed that the bone lengths and distances in relation to CRL were generally smaller compared with normal foetuses. This investigation showed that the abnormal shape of the cranial base complex and the short hands in Turner syndrome are present prenatally.  (+info)

Bone CT evaluation of nasal cavity of acromegalics--its morphological and surgical implication in comparison to non-acromegalics. (5/204)

PURPOSE: In order to numerically compare the morphological differences of the nasal cavity and nasal sinus between acromegalics and non-acromegalics, bone window CT scans sliced parallel to the transsphenoidal surgical route were performed. MATERIAL AND CASES: Acromegalic patients had small or large macroadenomas and were 13 (7 men and 6 women) in number, aged 53.2 +/- 16.1 years. Non-acromegalic patients had pituitary tumors and were 44 (21 men and 23 women) in number, aged 52.1 +/- 12.5 years. RESULTS: The results of acromegalics are described in comparison to non-acromegalics in parentheses. a) The width of the surgical corridor: piriform aperture, 27.6 +/- 2.7 (25.9 +/- 2.6) mm; origin of inferior nasal concha, 29.4 +/- 9.4 (26.6 +/- 4.0) mm; and origin of middle nasal concha, 29.8 +/- 3.2 (26.2 +/- 4.2) mm. b) The depth of the surgical corridor: the upper lip thickness, 18.1 +/- 2.7 (13.3 +/- 1.4) mm; the distances between piriform aperture and sphenoid wall, 52.9 +/- 4.6 (49 +/- 4.2) mm; sphenoid wall and sellar floor, 17.3 +/- 4.1 (18.7 +/- 4.1) mm; and sellar floor to dorsum sellae, 17.6 +/- 3.4 (15.6 +/- 4.0) mm. c) Marked carotid prominence: 7/13=53.4% (8/44=18.25%). d) Sinusitis: 8/13=61.5% (12/44=27.3%). DISCUSSION & CONCLUSION: The data presented above show that morphological differences in bony nasal cavity and soft tissue may be responsible for a deeper and narrower surgical field for acromegalics. Acromegalics had a marked carotid prominence more frequently, which needs special attention to avoid carotid injury, when enlarging the surgical field. Knowing these morphological differences will provide useful information for peri- and intra-operative care.  (+info)

The prenatal diagnosis of Binder syndrome before 24 weeks of gestation: case report. (6/204)

A case of Binder syndrome was diagnosed at 21 weeks of gestation using two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound. The first indication of any abnormality was a flattened fetal nose demonstrated in the mid-sagittal plane. Further ultrasound imaging showed the virtual absence of the naso-frontal angle, giving the impression of a flat forehead and small fetal nose. Suspected mild hypertelorism was also seen using transverse and coronal planes. Differential diagnosis of this condition is discussed.  (+info)

A critical evaluation of the pitchfork analysis. (7/204)

The pitchfork analysis has gained increasing acceptance among researchers and clinicians to evaluate the effects of orthodontic treatment that can be measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs. It is primarily used in Class II cases to distinguish between the skeletal and dental effects of such treatments. The aim of this study was to conduct an objective evaluation of the pitchfork analysis by comparing cephalometric data obtained by that method with those using the more conventional and established method of Bjork. The pitchfork analysis consistently provided an overestimation of the skeletal effects and an under-estimation of the dental changes. These results indicate that the pitchfork analysis is not sufficiently sensitive to distinguish between the skeletal and dental effects of orthodontic treatment.  (+info)

Rapid palatal expansion in mixed dentition using a modified expander: a cephalometric investigation. (8/204)

The aims of this investigation were to cephalometrically study the short-term skeletal and dental modifications induced by rapid palatal expansion in a sample of 20 patients (10 male, 10 female), aged 6-10 years (mean age 8 years) in mixed dentition with a uni- or bilateral posterior crossbite, a mild skeletal Class II malocclusion, and an increased vertical dimension (FMA, SN/\GoGn), and to compare them with an untreated matched control group of 20 subjects (10 male and 10 female), mean age 8 years. Cephalometric analysis showed that the maxilla displayed a tendency to rotate downwards and backward, resulting in a statistically significant increase of the SN/\PP angle (T0 = 9*95 degrees, T1 = 11*60 degrees, P < 0*01) and the SN-ANS linear value (T0 = 49*50 mm, T1 = 51*10 mm, P < 0*05). In addition, there was a statistically significant alteration of the anterior total facial height N-Me (T0 = 113*15mm, T1 = 114*15 mm, P < 0*05) and for the dental upper molar measurement U6-PP (T0 = 19*70 mm, T1 = 20*30 mm, P < 0*05). The small alterations found in the anterior total facial height and in the sagittal angles agree with previous studies, and suggest that RPE can be also used in subjects with a tendency to vertical growth and a skeletal Class II malocclusion.  (+info)

Down syndrome can be diagnosed before birth through prenatal testing, such as chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, or after birth through a blood test. The symptoms of Down syndrome can vary from person to person, but common physical features include:

* A flat face with a short neck and small ears
* A short stature
* A wide, short hands with short fingers
* A small head
* Almond-shaped eyes that are slanted upward
* A single crease in the palm of the hand

People with Down syndrome may also have cognitive delays and intellectual disability, as well as increased risk of certain medical conditions such as heart defects, gastrointestinal problems, and hearing and vision loss.

There is no cure for Down syndrome, but early intervention and proper medical care can greatly improve the quality of life for individuals with the condition. Treatment may include speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and special education programs. With appropriate support and resources, people with Down syndrome can lead fulfilling and productive lives.

There are several different types of skull fractures, including:

1. Linear skull fractures: These are fractures that occur in a straight line and do not involve the brain.
2. Depressed skull fractures: These are fractures that cause the bone to be pushed inward, creating a depression in the skull.
3. Comminuted skull fractures: These are fractures that involve multiple pieces of bone breaking off and fragmenting.
4. Basilar skull fractures: These are fractures that occur at the base of the skull and can involve the brainstem or cranial nerves.
5. Cerebral edema: This is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain as a result of a head injury or other traumatic event.
6. Epidural hematoma: This is a collection of blood between the skull and the dura mater, which is the membrane that covers the brain.
7. Subdural hematoma: This is a collection of blood between the dura mater and the brain.
8. Intracerebral hematoma: This is a collection of blood within the brain tissue.

Skull fractures can be diagnosed using a variety of imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment for skull fractures may involve observation, medication, or surgery, depending on the severity of the injury and any other complications that may have arisen.

Complications of skull fractures can include:

1. Cerebral edema
2. Epidural hematoma
3. Subdural hematoma
4. Intracerebral hematoma
5. Brain contusion
6. Skull base fractures
7. Facial trauma
8. Sinus fractures
9. Orbital blowout fractures
10. Meningitis or sepsis.

It is important to seek medical attention immediately if any of the following symptoms are present:

1. Severe headache
2. Confusion or disorientation
3. Slurred speech or difficulty speaking
4. Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
5. Vision changes, such as double vision or blurred vision
6. Difficulty with balance or coordination
7. Seizures or convulsions
8. Fever
9. Stiff neck
10. Loss of consciousness or coma.

Nasal polyps are typically treated with medications such as nasal sprays or oral steroids, which can help reduce inflammation and shrink the size of the polyps. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the polyps or repair any structural damage they have caused.

Here are some key points to note about nasal polyps:

1. They are usually benign: Nasal polyps are not cancerous, and they do not spread to other parts of the body.
2. They can be caused by allergies: Allergic reactions can lead to inflammation in the nasal passages, which can cause polyps to grow.
3. They can be treated with medications: Nasal sprays and oral steroids are commonly used to treat nasal polyps.
4. They can obstruct breathing: Large polyps can block the flow of air through the nasal passages, leading to breathing difficulties.
5. They can cause loss of sense of smell: Polyps can damage the olfactory nerve, which is responsible for our sense of smell.
6. They can be associated with other conditions: Nasal polyps can be a symptom of other conditions such as cystic fibrosis or primary immunodeficiency disorders.

There are several factors that can contribute to bone resorption, including:

1. Hormonal changes: Hormones such as parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin can regulate bone resorption. Imbalances in these hormones can lead to excessive bone resorption.
2. Aging: As we age, our bones undergo remodeling more frequently, leading to increased bone resorption.
3. Nutrient deficiencies: Deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients can impair bone health and lead to excessive bone resorption.
4. Inflammation: Chronic inflammation can increase bone resorption, leading to bone loss and weakening.
5. Genetics: Some genetic disorders can affect bone metabolism and lead to abnormal bone resorption.
6. Medications: Certain medications, such as glucocorticoids and anticonvulsants, can increase bone resorption.
7. Diseases: Conditions such as osteoporosis, Paget's disease of bone, and bone cancer can lead to abnormal bone resorption.

Bone resorption can be diagnosed through a range of tests, including:

1. Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: This test measures the density of bone in specific areas of the body. Low BMD can indicate bone loss and excessive bone resorption.
2. X-rays and imaging studies: These tests can help identify abnormal bone growth or other signs of bone resorption.
3. Blood tests: Blood tests can measure levels of certain hormones and nutrients that are involved in bone metabolism.
4. Bone biopsy: A bone biopsy can provide a direct view of the bone tissue and help diagnose conditions such as Paget's disease or bone cancer.

Treatment for bone resorption depends on the underlying cause and may include:

1. Medications: Bisphosphonates, hormone therapy, and other medications can help slow or stop bone resorption.
2. Diet and exercise: A healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, along with regular exercise, can help maintain strong bones.
3. Physical therapy: In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to improve bone strength and mobility.
4. Surgery: In severe cases of bone resorption, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged bone tissue.

Some common types of acquired nose deformities include:

1. Nasal septal perforation: a hole or tear in the thin wall of cartilage and bone that separates the two sides of the nasal passages. This can be caused by injury, infection, or certain medical conditions.
2. Nasal polyps: growths on the lining of the nose that can block the nasal passages and affect breathing. They are often associated with allergies or asthma.
3. Enlarged turbinate bones: the turbinate bones inside the nose can become enlarged due to allergies, infection, or other factors, leading to blockage of the nasal passages and difficulty breathing.
4. Nasal trauma: injury to the nose, such as a blow to the face or a fall, can cause deformities such as a deviated septum or broken noses.
5. Skin cancer: can occur on the nose and cause deformities if left untreated.
6. Cysts and tumors: benign or malignant growths that can develop in the nose and cause deformities.
7. Nasal fractures: breaks in the bones of the nose, which can cause deformities if not properly treated.
8. Rhinophyma: a condition characterized by enlarged oil glands in the nose, leading to redness, swelling, and deformity. It is often associated with rosacea.
9. Nasal septal pterygium: a growth of tissue on the nasal septum that can cause blockage of the nasal passages and affect breathing.
10. Nasal dermoids: benign growths that occur in the skin and mucous membranes of the nose, which can cause deformities if left untreated.

Some common types of bone neoplasms include:

* Osteochondromas: These are benign tumors that grow on the surface of a bone.
* Giant cell tumors: These are benign tumors that can occur in any bone of the body.
* Chondromyxoid fibromas: These are rare, benign tumors that develop in the cartilage of a bone.
* Ewing's sarcoma: This is a malignant tumor that usually occurs in the long bones of the arms and legs.
* Multiple myeloma: This is a type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow.

Symptoms of bone neoplasms can include pain, swelling, or deformity of the affected bone, as well as weakness or fatigue. Treatment options depend on the type and location of the tumor, as well as the severity of the symptoms. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.

Some common types of bone diseases include:

1. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by brittle, porous bones that are prone to fracture.
2. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease that causes pain and stiffness in the joints.
3. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and pain in the joints.
4. Bone cancer: A malignant tumor that develops in the bones.
5. Paget's disease of bone: A condition characterized by abnormal bone growth and deformity.
6. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder that affects the formation of bone and can cause brittle bones and other skeletal deformities.
7. Fibrous dysplasia: A rare condition characterized by abnormal growth and development of bone tissue.
8. Multiple myeloma: A type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow.
9. Bone cysts: Fluid-filled cavities that can form in the bones and cause pain, weakness, and deformity.
10. Bone spurs: Abnormal growths of bone that can form along the edges of joints and cause pain and stiffness.

Bone diseases can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and bone biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific disease and can include medication, surgery, or a combination of both.

Examples of fetal diseases include:

1. Down syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, which can cause delays in physical and intellectual development, as well as increased risk of heart defects and other health problems.
2. Spina bifida: A birth defect that affects the development of the spine and brain, resulting in a range of symptoms from mild to severe.
3. Cystic fibrosis: A genetic disorder that affects the respiratory and digestive systems, causing thick mucus buildup and recurring lung infections.
4. Anencephaly: A condition where a portion of the brain and skull are missing, which is usually fatal within a few days or weeks of birth.
5. Clubfoot: A deformity of the foot and ankle that can be treated with casts or surgery.
6. Hirschsprung's disease: A condition where the nerve cells that control bowel movements are missing, leading to constipation and other symptoms.
7. Diaphragmatic hernia: A birth defect that occurs when there is a hole in the diaphragm, allowing organs from the abdomen to move into the chest cavity.
8. Gastroschisis: A birth defect where the intestines protrude through a opening in the abdominal wall.
9. Congenital heart disease: Heart defects that are present at birth, such as holes in the heart or narrowed blood vessels.
10. Neural tube defects: Defects that affect the brain and spine, such as spina bifida and anencephaly.

Early detection and diagnosis of fetal diseases can be crucial for ensuring proper medical care and improving outcomes for affected babies. Prenatal testing, such as ultrasound and blood tests, can help identify fetal anomalies and genetic disorders during pregnancy.

Lateral wall of nasal cavity, showing ethmoid bone in position. Right nasal bone. Outer surface. Right nasal bone. Inner ... The nasal bones are two small oblong bones, varying in size and form in different individuals; they are placed side by side at ... The nasal articulates with four bones: two of the cranium, the frontal and ethmoid, and two of the face, the opposite nasal and ... In primitive bony fish and tetrapods, the nasal bones are the most anterior of a set of four paired bones forming the roof of ...
A nasal fracture, commonly referred to as a broken nose, is a fracture of one of the bones of the nose. Symptoms may include ... A priority is to distinguish simple fractures limited to the nasal bones (Type 1) from fractures that also involve other facial ... Bone stability after a fracture occurs between 3 and 5 weeks.[citation needed] Full bone fusion occurs between 4 and 8 weeks.[ ... Bremke M, Gedeon H, Windfuhr JP, Werner JA, Sesterhenn AM (November 2009). "[Nasal bone fracture: etiology, diagnostics, ...
... tear-shaped nasal cavity; a "silled" nasal aperture; tower-shaped nasal bones; a triangular-shaped palate; and an angular and ... an oval-shaped nasal cavity; tent-shaped nasal bones; a horseshoe-shaped palate; and a rounded and non-sloping eye orbit shape ... no dam or nasal sill; Quonset hut-shaped nasal bones; notable facial projection in the jaw and mouth area (prognathism); a ... Reuland, P.; Werz, R. (2000). "Investigations on Skeletal Growth Zones via Bone Scans as Base of Determination of Optimal Time ...
... the nasal lymphatic system; E. the facial and nasal nerves; F. the nasal bone; and G. the nasal cartilages. Nasal skin - Like ... the paired nasal bones attach to the frontal bone. Above and to the side (superolaterally), the paired nasal bones connect to ... caudal edge of the nasal bones and the nasal septum; said attachment suspends them above the nasal cavity. The paired alar ... Each lateral nasal wall contains three pairs of turbinates (nasal conchae), which are small, thin, shell-form bones: (i) the ...
The nasal bones widened posteriorly. The infraorbital foramen was at the level of the fourth premolar, as was the anterior edge ... Only the articular surface on the occipital bone is missing from this one. In top view, the skull was relatively slender, ... Bony ridges attached to the frontal bone, which united to form a parietal crest. The zygomatic arch bulged strongly dorsally. ... In lateral view, the frontal line showed a gentle uparching, and the nasal opening was recessed and concavely indented relative ...
Broken nasal bone]. Spiegel (in German). Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Pagonakis, Pagonis (16 January 2011). Wie ... Bones fractured' before death 2019. Deutsche Welle trial report 2008. Kreickenbaum 2012. Deutsche Welle retrial decision 2010. ... "Germany: Asylum-seeker found dead in jail had 'bones fractured' before death". Deutsche Welle. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 9 ...
The profile of the skull was strongly convex, due to the development of frontal sinus; the nasal bones inclined downwards. The ... The terminal part of the tail was protected by a bone tube, almost cylindrical, a little depressed and slightly curved upwards ... Fernicola, J. C., Toledo, N., Bargo, M. S., & Vizcaíno, S. F. (2012). A neomorphic ossification of the nasal cartilages and the ... most of these being from the nasal anatomy and shape of the carapace. The tribe is the sister group to the Hoplophorini, which ...
... skulls as having a broad and round nasal cavity; no dam or nasal sill; Quonset hut-shaped nasal bones; notable facial ... foot and heel bone" was discussed.: 161 Black Anthropologist W. Montague Cobb joined the debate in the same year, pointing out ...
Nose and nasal cavities Ethmoid bone from the right side. Roof, floor, and lateral wall of left nasal cavity. The ... Coronal section of nasal cavities. Sagittal section of nose, mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Nasal conchae Nasal concha This ... the middle nasal concha (middle nasal turbinate). It is rough, and marked above by numerous grooves, directed nearly vertically ... Bones of the head and neck, All stub articles, Musculoskeletal system stubs). ...
The presence of this cleft gives the misleading impression that the skull lacks any nasal bones; these bones are fused with the ... Straney, J. (1984). "The nasal bones of Chiroderma (Phyllostomidae)". Journal of Mammalogy. 65 (1): 163-165. doi:10.2307/ ... surrounding bones, and simply do not join up in the midline, as they do in other bats. The Brazilian big-eyed bat has greyish ...
... the right temporal bone (sides of the head), the bottom margins of the nasal bones (between the eyes), and pieces of the ... The nasal bones are rather wide. The orbits are rectangular and lack the supraorbital foramen and the lacrimal fossa. The upper ... The Gongwangling skull is relatively complete, and comprises the frontal bone (forehead), most of the parietal bones (top of ... The two hard layers of bone (separated by spongy diploë) in the skull are extraordinarily thickened. The temporal lines arcing ...
It has big nasal bones as well. The frontal bones of the skull have a pointed end on the side closest to the tail. ... bone can be found near the embryonic bone. L. l luschani may also have a rested growth period each year that tends to occur ...
The lacrimal bone is very small and has no distinguishing features, but contacts all of the nasal, prefrontal and frontal bones ... The nasal projects back far enough to contact the frontal bone with a thin, short blade. The prefrontal is triangular, and both ... The nasal bone is very incompletely preserved; what there is curves around ventrally, and is slightly sculptured towards the ... Its outer surface is smooth and there is a large foramen in the anterior section of the bone, close to the very thin crest in ...
The nasal bone has an undulating profile. The middle maxillary teeth are rather large. The chevrons on the rear caudal ... The pubic bone probably pointed obliquely to the front. The ischium is elongated. Sinusonasus has a long lower leg, indicating ... of the nasals. The specific name means "big-toothed" from Latin magnus, "large" and dens, "tooth". In a later publication the ...
The nasal bone was oriented slightly upwards. In anterior view, this resulted in a high nasal opening, reminiscent of Mylodon ... Only in the area of the eyes was there a small constriction as well as a small widening in the nasal bone-upper jaw section. ... The occipital bone in posterior view had a high and more rounded shape corresponding to Mylodon. In Lestodon and Glossotherium ... The parasagittal ridges on the parietal bone were widely spaced, comparable to Mylodon but unlike the close position to each ...
The nasal bones extend back to a point before or slightly behind the point where the maxillary, frontal, and lacrimal bones ... The nasal bones were short and blunt-ended. The zygomatic plate, a bony plate at the side of the skull, was broad. The bony ... The nasals extend slightly further back than the premaxillaries. The lacrimals articulate with both the frontals and the ... Both skull and postcranial bones are represented.: 760-761 Although there are no unusual adaptations in the known material, the ...
The nasal bones seem to be highly pneumatized. The lower part of the premaxillae (at the tip of the snout) features several ... The third metacarpal bone is the same length as the second but 68% narrower. The phalanges (finger bones) are long and robust, ... The first metacarpal bone (the thumb) is the shortest and is slightly concave on the underside. The second metacarpal bone is ... Like other oviraptorids, the bones of Corythoraptor were heavily pneumatized with many air pockets. Microanalysis of the bones ...
Their reinforced nasal bones enable them to crack open the hard exterior of certain fruits. The gestation period is anywhere ... The nasal bones allow for protection against blunt force during altercations. They are hunted for bush meat. Their hides and ... Adaptations include stripes and thickened nasal/frontal bones. The stripes may reduce injury to the more vulnerable abdominal ...
... both bones are separated by the nasal bone. The parietal approaches the frontal bone in length. At the fourth and fifth neck ... The thigh bone is longer than the ilium. According to the authors, the hindlimb proportions of oviraptorids do not essentially ...
The nasal bone bore a vertical nasal horn. The exact size and profile of this horn are unknown but one broken specimen has a ... The bones comprise elements from the skull, lower jaws, vertebral column, shoulder girdle, pelvis and limbs. They are largely ... The front side of the frill was formed by the squamosal bone which had a rectangular shape. To its edge four skin ossifications ... The maxilla, the upper jaw bone, of Wendiceratops had at least twenty-six tooth positions, in each of which several teeth were ...
... and characteristics of the palate and nasal bones. However, they were considered to be sufficiently distinct from the eastern ... The skull was found underneath a juniper tree whose roots had grown between the bones, hence the species name subjuniperus or " ...
... elongated nasal bones extending beyond the maxillofrontal suture; well-developed sagittal and nuchal crests; laterally enlarged ...
The nasal bones are larger than other sirenians. The nasal ridge is well developed, indicating it had a good sense of smell. ... The frontal bones are smaller than usual for sirenians, though, as in other sirenians, it had a pronounced brow ridge. Since ... Another specimen was found in 1989 in the same formation, USNM 437769, comprising the frontal bone, a tusk, vertebrae fragments ...
Articulation of left palatine bone with maxilla. Left palatine bone. Nasal aspect. Enlarged. This article incorporates text in ... The processes of the superior border of the palatine bone are separated by the sphenopalatine notch, which is converted into ... The sphenopalatine foramen is a foramen in the skull that connects the nasal cavity with the pterygopalatine fossa. ... and transmits the sphenopalatine artery and vein and the posterior superior lateral nasal nerve and nasopalatine nerves. ...
Like other kogiids, it does not have nasal bones. Thinking it was a beaked whale and using the holotype of Placoziphius for ... The lacrimal bone is hooked-shape like in Physeteridae in contrast to the triangular lacrimal bone of Kogiidae. ... K. pusilla is differentiated from the dwarf and pygmy sperm whales by its more elongated snout, smaller lacrimal bone, less ... Teeth and periotic bones of the inner ear were also found in the area, possibly belonging to K. pusilla. The skull was first ...
On the nasal bone there was a slight dent. When viewed from above, the rostrum was clearly triangular in shape, which is not ... The occipital bone formed an angle of 90° as in Eremotherium, in Megatherium was much more blunt. The joint surfaces of the ... A strong crest rose at the parietal bone . This started differently in the two skulls, on the one hand at the front and on the ... but also the insertion of the zygomatic arch and the orientation of the joints of the occipital bone. At the moment, however, ...
The nasal bones of Ouranosaurus are unique among ornithischians. The bones are unfused suggesting mobility, and at their ends ... Bones of the snout are more loosely articulated with each other than the bones of the posterior skull. The premaxillae are 46.0 ... forelimbs lacking a few hand bones, and most of the right hindlimb and a few bones of the left. Additional description for ... The holotype itself was returned to Niger after being described and having its bones cast and mounted, and is now on display at ...
The nasal bones are like those of modern humans. The mandible (lower jaw) is quite gracile unlike most other archaic humans. It ... The left knee bone ATD6-56 has a 4.7 mm × 15 mm (0.19 in × 0.59 in) height x breadth osteophyte (bone spur) on the inferior ( ... The large mammals are most commonly represented by long bones, a few of which are cracked open, presumably to access the bone ... The parietal bones (each being one side of the back part of the top of the skull) are flattened, and conjoin at a peak at the ...
The upper surface of the nasal bone was ornamented. A ridge formed the contact with the maxilla. The maxilla had sixteen teeth ... The bones were not articulated but dispersed over a surface of about five to seven metres, though there was a partial ... Among the recovered bones were most of the snout, a right postorbital, both angulars of the lower jaws, fifteen neck vertebrae ... Both the upper arm and ulna and radius (lower arm bones) are also comparable to those of Stegosaurus. The tuberosity of the ...
The nasal bones were very small, mere splinters of bone. The orbits were large and somewhat irregularly shaped, and indicate ... of the premaxillae stretched a long way back up the rostrum and came between the external nares and between the nasal bones. ... Its pineal foramen was large, and anteriorly placed, with its anterior edge bordered by the frontal bones. Unlike most of its ... It had temporal tubercles, but they were small, and restricted solely to the posterior ends of the squamosal bones. Its occiput ...
The gypsum crust many of these fossils were discovered under acted as a powerful preservation tool, protecting the bones from ... and a supraanarial canal that runs along the nasal and anterior half of the prefrontal. These dermo-sensory grooves suggest an ... Histological observations of Lines of Arrested Growth (LAGs) in the bone structure of capitosaurids suggested that they lived ... There was no bone present, but the natural impression of the skull was later brought to Barnum Brown, an American ...
There is nearly complete fusion of several cranial bones, namely the nasal and frontal bones; they are poorly differentiated ... Fusion of the frontal and parietal bones created a mass of bone projecting laterally (out to the side). There is a tall ... The compressive and tensile strengths (the stresses at which the bone would fail) of the cranium were respectively 180 and 130 ... which encloses the middle and inner ear bones. J. monesi is the first dinomyid whose near complete skull has been discovered; ...
Bardolph inherited the tendency to nasal abnormality. Bardolph appears in several operatic works. In Salieri's Falstaff the ... Farrell played Bardolph as a likeable sad sack type who covered many scene changes with brief melancholy solos on a trombone. ...
The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the housecarls as footmen clad in mail, with conical nasal helmets, and fighting with the great, ... but everyone could throw bones at him at will. The murder of another housecarl was punished by outlawry and exile, whereas ...
The nasals have large foramina dorsolaterally and a midline fossa. No palpebrae are preserved. Though cervical vertebrae and ... Jeholosaurus is an ornithischian, as is shown by its ornithischian four-pronged pelvic structure with a pubis bone pointing ... Some distinguishing traits of Jeholosaurus include: enlarged laterodorsal nasal foramina; a quadratojugal fenestra more than 25 ...
20 bones per limb. Bones are connected to muscles via tendons and other bones via ligaments. Bones are also used to store ... Additionally, the nasolacrimal duct and sinuses are connected to the nasal passage. The horse's respiratory system not only ... Ligaments attach bone to bone or bone to tendon, and are vital in stabilizing joints as well as supporting structures. They are ... bones found on each of the legs, on either side of the cannon bone (8 total); partially vestigial, these bones support the ...
In addition, Eurotrochilus appear to have long nasal openings and large hyoid bones. The large hyoid bones are thought to ... The specimen had all of the same characteristics of E. inexpectatus but also had unique proportions of bones, a coracoid that ... The maxillary processes of the palatine bones in the beaks of Eurotrochilus are widely separated, indicating the presence of ... These more primitive morphologies in Eurotrochilus include the bones of the hand (carpometacarpus and distal phalanges) being ...
A large hole was found near the baby pliosaur that could have once held the bones of its mother or other pod members. An ... Cruikshank and others hypothesized that plesiosaurs could smell and taste water that "passively" flowed through their nasal ... The poorly preserved bones required a significant amount of plaster for the restoration, earning the specimen the mocking ... The researchers noticed that its bones were very dense. So dense, they speculated it would naturally sink in the water and ...
The most severely affected will have a fronto-ethmoid-nasal-maxillary encephalocele. The severity of limb malformations and ... "Roberts syndrome: Inherited Disorder Causes Abnormal Bone Development." About.com: Rare Diseases. About. 23 April 2005. Downer ... "Roberts syndrome: Inherited Disorder Causes Abnormal Bone Development." About.com: Rare Diseases. Published 23 April 2005. ... leading to malformation of the bones in the skull, face, arms, and legs. It is caused by a mutation in the ESCO2 gene. It is ...
Study 1, for trumpet, horn, and trombone (1991) #14__Michelle 8091-434, for bass clarinet, b. sax, tuba, double bass, trap set ... nasal vocal tract} and articulation {tongue, velum, lips, etc.} are identified and separately emphasized in order to change ... trombone, tuba (1987) #03__A Penny for the Young Guy, for narrator, voices, winds, brass, strings (1986) #02__Dwellers of the ...
... formed by the pterygoid bone and the quadrate bone. A swelling on the nasal bone is present behind the posterior borders of the ... A distinctive ridge is present on the lateral surface of the jugal bone. A thickened shelf is present along the posteroventral ... the nasals just posterior to the nares are not swollen in contrast to the autapomorphic condition seen in the latter. However, ... anterior to the nasals and surrounded by the premaxilla. Although a synonymy between Wannia scurriensis and Paleorhinus ...
After undergoing another round of antidepressants, Gach would later resurface on WRCZ/WBOE "The Bone" (now WYKV) in Albany as ... describing Sinus Buster cayenne nasal spray as "The best shit that ever was" for a commercial on Sirius Satellite Radio.[ ...
... based on the distinctive form of the contact of the nasal bone with the premaxilla. Dodson's model would become widely accepted ... Its nasal cavity ran back through this crest, making it mostly hollow. Many suggestions have been made for the function or ... Many of the bones were extensively damaged by water while in storage and were discarded before description; other portions of ... It also can be differentiated from Corythosaurus by its lack of forking nasal processes making up part of the sides of the ...
The oral and nasal cavities are swabbed clean, checked for any purge material, then the throat area is packed with cotton. A ... Blisters and sores are opened and drained, and fractured bones are aligned to look as if in a normal state. The embalmer may ... In exceptions where the bone has atrophied or been fractured (as is the case with many denture users and automobile accident ... perform small incisions to align smaller fragments, and irregularities that cannot be smoothed out see the bone fragment ...
"Among the Lovely Bones - San Diego Museum of Man". 8 February 2013. Zinreich, David W. Kennedy, William E. Bolger, S. James ( ... During endoscopic sinus surgery, it can be used to identify the frontal sinus opening inside the nasal cavity. Endoscopically, ... it is detected by visualizing flushed fluorescein dye into the nasal cavity. This process is a reliable method to detect the ...
The double album Skull & Bones consists of a pure rap disc (Skull) and a separate rock disc (Bones). In the live album Live at ... In the book Check the Technique, B-Real described his nasal style, saying his rapping voice is "high and annoying...the nasal ... The first disc Skull was composed of rap tracks while Bones explored further the group's forays into rock. The album peaked at ... Due to the rock genre's prominent appearance on Skull & Bones, Cypress Hill employed the members of Sen Dog's band SX-10 as ...
Hafting and use of bone and antler points from Ksar Akil, Lebanon. in D. Stordeur (ed.) La Main et l'Outil. Travaux de la ... On the other hand, the nasal floor is depressed, and the specimen lacks a canine fossa, both of which are features of ...
Each nasal bone has a small, flattened horn overhanging the nares. Three horns are present on the upper edge of each orbit, ... The snout is short, with small nasal bones above the nares and a deep maxilla behind them. The teeth are closely-packed, ... Bones of the palate (roof of the mouth) lie ahead of this hole. The palate is broad, though the sutures of its component bones ... The pineal fossa was likely located at the front end of the broad, plate-like parietal bones. A small, isolated midline bone ...
Infraorbital foramen Horizontal section of nasal and orbital cavities. (Note distinction between infraorbital groove and ... Bones of the head and neck). ...
... crests of bone along the length of the snout), and short nasal bones. The diet of Gorgopithecus was probably similar in many ... To date, no limb bones or other elements of the postcranial skeleton have been attributed to G. major so its manner of ...
... methamphetamine has gained popularity in a crystalline form which when smoked in a pipe lets the user avoid the painful nasal ... such as tooth and bone loss. However, all tobacco products deliver nicotine to the central nervous system, and there is a ...
The nasal bone was shortened compared to the skull of Megatherium, giving it an overall truncated cone appearance. Further ... wrist bone), though he mistook as the astragalus (tarsal bone) of a megalochynid, that had been found in Pleistocene deposits ... The parietal bones had a far outward curved shape, which was partly caused by the large cranial cavity with a volume of 1600 ... The forearm bones had much shorter lengths, with the spoke measuring about 67 cm, and the ulna 57 centimetres (22 in) in length ...
The hyoid bone is present in many mammals. It allows a wide range of tongue, pharyngeal and laryngeal movements by bracing ... At any given moment the soft palate or velum either allows or does not allow sound to resonate in the nasal chamber. In the ... It is attached at the rear to the hyoid bone, situated below the oral level in the pharynx. In humans, the tongue has an almost ... It was claimed that they possessed a hyoid bone so high up in the vocal tract as to preclude the possibility of producing ...
The procedure involves cutting and slowly separating bone, allowing the bone healing process to fill in the gap. Distraction ... There was no difference in speech or nasal emissions outcomes nor in adverse effects; the DO group had lower satisfaction at ... a consolidation phase follows in which the device keeps the bone stable to allow the bone to fully heal. After the ... "Is bone-breaking surgery to grow taller worth the risk?". CNA. Retrieved 2021-07-26. "'I have to be taller': the unregulated ...
i + nasal + another consonant. Regular strong verbs were all conjugated roughly the same, with the main differences being in ... Ġesāwe þū þæs hundes bān? ("Have you seen the dog's bone?"). The genitive in Old English corresponds to 's in present-day ... before nasals. Altogether, this split the third class into four sub-classes: e + two consonants (apart from clusters beginning ...
The youngest elk bones in Great Britain were found in Scotland and are roughly 3,900 years old. The elk was probably extinct on ... "The Nasal Complex of a Semiaquatic Artiodactyl, the Moose (Alces alces): Is it a Good Evolutionary Model for the Ancestors of ... It had a longer, narrower snout and a less-developed nasal cavity, more resembling that of a modern deer, lacking any sign of ... These deformed antlers are composed of living bone which is still growing or able to grow, since testosterone is needed to stop ...
The most common extra-adrenal sites of metastases are the lymph nodes, lung, liver, and bone. There have been several studied ... Common side-effects include dry mouth, nasal congestion, and impaired male ejaculation, all of which do not cease with time and ... The actual location of the metastases can also indicate prognosis, with osseous lesions (bone) faring better than their soft- ... Compared to its functional counterpart, FDG outperformed MIBG in detecting soft-tissue and bone metastases with higher ...
The bones in her left leg were fractured. The cause of death was determined to be a probable drowning. The decedent was buried ... Other findings were a "prominent sternal fissure, healed nasal fracture, lumbar scoliosis, and arthritis". No cause of death ... The man had a unique frontal bone which made a sharp dip at the bridge of his nose, which would have caused a rightward ... She was also found to have a slightly darker complexion and high cheek bones. She also had a full upper denture plate. She was ...
They can do this more easily than other animals due to their flexible spine, floating collar bone, and loose skin. Cats also ... such as a nasal blockage, heartworm disease, head trauma, or drug poisoning. In many cases, feline panting, especially if ...
Transformation of the maxillary bone in adults with nasal polyposis: a CT morphometric stu ... Transformation of the maxillary bone in adults with nasal polyposis: a CT morphometric study. ... Nasal polyposis (NP) in adult population is a common problem in otorhinolaryngology outpatient practice. Computed tomography ( ... There is yet no study in the literature measuring the morphometry of maxillary bone in NP. The objectives of this study are to ...
You find here Nasal bones meaning, synonyms of Nasal bones and images for Nasal bones ... This is the place for Nasal bones definition. ... Definition of Nasal bones. Nasal bones. Nasal Nasal (n[=a]zal ... Facial bones (15) Nasal bones (2) Maxillae (upper jaw) (2) Lacrimal bone (2) Zygomatic bone (ch**** bones) (2) Palatine bone (2 ... This is the place for Nasal bones definition. You find here Nasal bones meaning, synonyms of Nasal bones and images for Nasal ...
Volume 4: The Head and Neck , The Nasal Cavity and its Surroundings ...
Table 1. Orbit, Nasal Aperture, Dental Arcade, Tooth, Suture, and Vault Shape Traits Organized by Ancestry Group (Open Table in ... The cortical bone of quadrupedal vertebrates tends to give the bone a smooth, chinalike appearance relative to human bones. ... However, the histologic analysis of plexiform bone will not differentiate juvenile human bone from nonhuman bone. Rather, DNA ... and damage bone. The sun, soil, and water can crack, flake, and splinter bone. Water transport may break off pieces of bone ...
A nose fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage over the bridge, or in the sidewall or septum (structure that divides the ... Fracture of the nose; Broken nose; Nasal fracture; Nasal bone fracture; Nasal septal fracture ... A doctor may be able to return nasal bones that have moved out of place back to their normal position within the first 2 weeks ... Nasal fractures. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 7th ed. ...
Palpate the nasal bones for crepitus and comminution. Evaluate the integrity of the medial canthal tendon (MCT) by placing the ... The compressive force of frontal bone as the bone is deformed from a convex shape to a concave shape. ... Clean and examine the nasal cavity for the presence of a CSF leak. Query all conscious patients about the presence of watery ... The anterior ethmoid cells invade the frontal bone at 2 years of age, and the FS attains adult size at approximately 15 years ...
Nasal Blockages use Nasal Obstruction Nasal Bone Nasal Bones use Nasal Bone ... Nasal Administrations use Administration, Intranasal Nasal Aerosol use Nasal Sprays Nasal Airway Obstruction use Nasal ... Nasal Septum Perforation use Nasal Septal Perforation Nasal Septum Perforations use Nasal Septal Perforation ... Nasal Cartilage, Alar use Nasal Cartilages Nasal Cartilage, Lateral use Nasal Cartilages ...
Its mesial rim follows the nasal bone, which is missing, as is the premaxilla. The maxillary sinus is weakly developed. In ... Lacrimal bone, foramen, and the associated canal are not present on the smooth external surface and must have been therefore ... Shortly above the tip of canine root, the maxillary bone bends distally into the frontal ascending process with an angle of 150 ... The zygomatic is not in contact with an external lacrimal bone as observed in strepsirrhines. A rounded and single infraorbital ...
... nasal bones (21); and skull (01-02) 77 Incision, excision and division of other bones Excludes: operations on facial bones (76 ... nasal bones (21); and skull (01-02) 78 Other operations on bones, except facial bones Excludes: operations on joint structures ... operations on facial bones (76); nasal bones (21); orbit (76); skull (02); vertebrae (03); removal of cast or splint (97); ... operations on bone and skin of nose 22 Operations on nasal sinuses 23 Removal and restoration of teeth 24 Other operations on ...
A long nasal bone structure and distance between the canine and premolar teeth is large.[13] ...
Chonal atresia (nasal passages blocked with bone or tissue) (1, 2). *Eye defects (1, 2) ...
Bony nasal septum, left lateral view. Image #37-7. KEYWORDS: Bones cartilage joints, Face, Nose. ... Bony nasal septum, left lateral view. The skull has been cut in a parasagittal plane a few millimeters to the left of the ... Upper pointer: Aperture of sphenoid sinus (margin partially cut away) Lower pointer: Tip of sphenoid (note small sutural bone ...
Categories: Nasal Bone Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 46 ...
The ethmoid sinuses are located in the ethmoid bone, the bone that divides the nasal cavity from the brain. ... Find the area between your nasal bone and the corner of the eyes. ... This type of nasal congestion (where one experiences repeated ... The sphenoid sinuses can be found on the side of the skull in the sphenoid bone, which is behind the nose and between the eyes ... Between nasal congestion and discharge, facial pain, fullness, pressure, and headaches, sinus pain can make you feel pretty ...
Nasal Bones. *Nasion. *Occipital, Frontal and Parietal Lobes. *Parietal Bone. *Posterior Cranial Fossa ... The cranium bifurcates the skull at the front of the parietal bone to reveal a dissectible brain model featuring left and right ...
These basic structures include the nasal cavity, the zygomatic bone, the maxilla, and the mandible. Labeled for general ...
... high prevalence and geographical heterogeneity in bone and joint infection and nasal carriage. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014;20: ... Valour F, Tasse J, Trouillet-Assant S, Rasigade JP, Lamy B, Chanard E, et al.; Lyon Bone and Joint Infection study group. ... bone and joint infections (5,9) and skin and soft tissue infections (3,7). MSSA CC398 has also been associated with causing ... Reports further indicate that nasal colonization with MSSA CC398 has increased in Europe (5). ...
... nasal bone, nasal fracture, nasal obstruction, sports injury, Nasal fracture, Acquired nasal deformities, Nasal bone, Sports ... Manninen, I-K., Klockars, T., Mäkinen, L. K., & Blomgren, K. (2023). Epidemiology and aetiology of sport-related nasal ... Manninen, I-K, Klockars, T, Mäkinen, LK & Blomgren, K 2023, Epidemiology and aetiology of sport-related nasal fractures: ... Epidemiology and aetiology of sport-related nasal fractures : Analysis of 599 Finnish patients. / Manninen, Iida-Kaisa; ...
It means good bone. You dont Pulasthi em on the end of the word, but it does make whats called a nasal sound. So bomb is your ... A bone, A key now a bone, a key. It isnt good. Its fantastic now a bone, a fantastical now a bone, a fantastical. Its ... A boy now a blankie, now a bone love is to able to the way boned a boy through the way born change words AdWords play around ... And we toe bone regarding and we tomorrow But he got well, How do you say? Yes it is for me. Thank you. See a para mi obregon ...
From the center of the notch the nasal process projects downward and forward beneath the nasal bones and frontal processes of ... the nasal notch, which articulates on either side of the middle line with the nasal bone, and laterally with the frontal ... The spine forms part of the septum of the nose, articulating in front with the crest of the nasal bones and behind with the ... Articulations. The frontal articulates with twelve bones: the sphenoid, the ethmoid, the two parietals, the two nasals, the two ...
There are 14 facial bones including the eye sockets, nasal cavity, and the mandible or lower jaw. The mandible is the only part ... The adult skull has cartilage, ligaments and 22 bones. The cranium has eight bones that surround the brain and form the inner ... The bones gradually fuse to form a solid skull. Adult skulls can often be distinguished between male and female. Male skulls ... FACTS: You can feel it in your bones that you would not go far without your skull. This bony framework supports and protects ...
That width was softened by moving his nasal bones closer to each other. ... Denenbergs answer: Nasal Reduction. Unfortunately, nasal reductioncannot be accomplished without surgical intervention. ... Nonsurgical rhinoplastyutilizes injectable fillers to correct nasal contour irregularities. Yourparticular deformity will ...
This causes the vomer bone, which runs. through the nasal passages to the mouth, to rock back and forth, says Lisa. DeStefano, ...
Nasal. Frontal/Ethmoid Bone. Coronal Suture. Sagittal Suture (L/R). Temporoparietal Suture (L/R). Lambdoidal Suture. Occiput. ... T- stands for tension tests that determine organ, bone, joint and sutural tension. ...
... followed by nasal bone fracture (27.7%) and maxilla (24.3%). Rest of 338 patients had multiple facial bone fractures with ... Zygomatic bone is the commonest bone to get fractured in isolated cases while mandible is commonest bone to get fractured in ... Facial Bones, Fractures, Mandible, Maxilla Abstract. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine pattern of facial bones ... Patterns of Facial Bone Fractures in Western Region of Nepal Authors. * Rishi Bhatta Department of ENT-HNS, Nepalgunj Medical ...
As shown above, the rigid nasal bone only extends down a short distance from the eye. Any pressure applied below this - like ... It is imperative that you palpate the nose bone and make sure that the crown piece is snug enough to prevent the halter from ... slipping forward to the very edge or worse off the bone. For more detailed information about halter fit and llama behavior ...
In reduction rhinoplasty, nasal cartilage and bone is removed, trimmed or rearranged to achieve a smaller shape. This is ... your surgeon will need access to the cartilage and bone that will be rearranged or removed to make your nasal structure smaller ... How your surgeon accesses the bone and cartilage will largely depend on where he must do the bulk of his work. Discuss the ... From here, he can lift the underlying cartilage and bone to re-contour or reconstruct the nose. During an open, or external, ...
When the child grows up, the nasal bridge bone will surface and make the eyes look normal. ... babies born without a nasal bridge may appear to have developed esotropia but in fact that is not the case. This condition is ...
  • determined by the nasal bones and the nasal cartilages, including the nasal septum which separates the nostrils and divides the nasal cavity into two. (wordaz.com)
  • Each maxilla ****ists in forming the boundaries of three cavities: the roof of the mouth the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavity. (wordaz.com)
  • The ethmoid sinuses are located in the ethmoid bone, the bone that divides the nasal cavity from the brain. (healthline.com)
  • These basic structures include the nasal cavity, the zygomatic bone, the maxilla, and the mandible. (dentalcare.com)
  • There are 14 facial bones including the eye sockets, nasal cavity, and the mandible or lower jaw. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • The nasal process ends below in a sharp spine, and on either side of this is a small grooved surface which enters into the formation of the roof of the corresponding nasal cavity. (theodora.com)
  • Plastic surgery had reformed his mouth to a fix round hole, like those kids in "The Wall", and from below is nasal cavity to his jaw were bone fragments as if a diner plate had been shattered. (thestranger.com)
  • Nasal fractures. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Nasal fractures are easily diagnosed by clinical signs such as pain and crepitus. (medscape.com)
  • Nasal bone fractures represent the most common facial bone fractures, accounting for 40-50% of cases. (medscape.com)
  • Nasal fractures are generally associated with physical assault, falls, sports injuries, and traffic accidents. (medscape.com)
  • If radiographic evaluation is warranted, this is best done when other facial fractures are suspected in combination with a nasal fracture, because isolated nasal fractures are treated on the basis of physical examination alone. (medscape.com)
  • Reduction of nasal fractures is not always required. (medscape.com)
  • Most nasal fractures can be left to heal on their own, provided that the patient understands that long-term cosmetic deformity and nasal obstruction are liable to result. (medscape.com)
  • In the acute period, within about 2 weeks after the injury, most nasal fractures can be reduced in a closed fashion, but after this period, closed osteotomies or even a formal open rhinoplasty may be required for definitive management. (medscape.com)
  • Rest of 338 patients had multiple facial bone fractures with zygomatic bone fracture (79.2%) being commonest. (nepjol.info)
  • Middle aged male patients are usually involved in facial bone fractures with road traffic accident and physical assault being common modes of injury. (nepjol.info)
  • Facial bones (15) Nasal bones (2) Maxillae (upper jaw) (2) Lacrimal bone (2) Zygomatic bone (ch**** bones ) (2) Palatine bone (2) Inferior nasal concha (2) Vomer. (wordaz.com)
  • The supraorbital margin ends laterally in the zygomatic process, which is strong and prominent, and articulates with the zygomatic bone. (theodora.com)
  • Zygomatic bone is the commonest bone to get fractured in isolated cases while mandible is commonest bone to get fractured in multiple fracture cases. (nepjol.info)
  • A nasal fracture, commonly referred to as a broken nose, is a fracture of one of the bones of the nose. (wordaz.com)
  • A nose fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage over the bridge, or in the sidewall or septum (structure that divides the nostrils) of the nose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bones cartilage joints, Face, Nose. (stanford.edu)
  • Place your index and middle fingers on the area between the cheek bones and the upper jaw, on either side of the nose. (healthline.com)
  • The sphenoid sinuses can be found on the side of the skull in the sphenoid bone, which is behind the nose and between the eyes, just below the pituitary gland. (healthline.com)
  • Take a close look at the front and profile views of the nose area (nasal bone, opening, spine and sill) to consider possible ancestry of this person. (nih.gov)
  • From the center of the notch the nasal process projects downward and forward beneath the nasal bones and frontal processes of the maxillæ, and supports the bridge of the nose. (theodora.com)
  • The spine forms part of the septum of the nose, articulating in front with the crest of the nasal bones and behind with the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid. (theodora.com)
  • Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose. (nih.gov)
  • From here, he can lift the underlying cartilage and bone to re-contour or reconstruct the nose. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • Nasal fracture and blowout (orbital floor) fracture (ie, a break in the floor or inner wall of the orbit or eye socket) are the most common injuries from craniomaxillofacial trauma. (medscape.com)
  • The fact that patients may have displaced nasal fracture and normal-appearing plain radiographic findings should be emphasized. (medscape.com)
  • A thorough history should document the mechanism of injury in nasal fracture, as well as the vector in which the force was applied, and should reveal whether any prior nasal traumas or surgeries have occurred. (medscape.com)
  • Preparation for reduction of nasal fracture involves an informed-consent discussion that details available options for the patient, as well as risks and anticipated results. (medscape.com)
  • The most common adverse outcome of nasal fracture reduction is dissatisfaction with the result, from a cosmetic or functional standpoint, or both. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine pattern of facial bones fracture in western region of Nepal. (nepjol.info)
  • There were 288(46.0%) cases with isolated facial bone fracture. (nepjol.info)
  • It may be accompanied by other bone lesions, such as hyperostosis (increased bone), necrosis of the turbinate bone, or perforation of the nasal septum. (nih.gov)
  • Other lesions, including perforation of the nasal septum and hyperostosis, should be diagnosed separately when warranted by their prominence or severity. (nih.gov)
  • The objectives of this study are to correlate the airway variables obtained by CT findings of both chronic nasal airway obstruction and control group in an adult population , and to investigate whether the bony structure of the airway is affected or not. (bvsalud.org)
  • It is also important to elucidate whether the patient experiences any nasal obstruction after the injury. (medscape.com)
  • Bony nasal trauma may occur as an isolated injury or in combination with other soft tissue and bony facial injuries. (medscape.com)
  • 3. Have a variant anatomy which may, in the judgment of the operating neurosurgeon, add unacceptable risk to the placement of the endosphenoidal coil (e.g. small size of facial bones and nasal passages, unaerated sphenoid sinus etc. (nih.gov)
  • in infancy this suture divides the bone into two, a condition which may persist throughout life. (theodora.com)
  • Running upward and backward from this process is a well-marked line, the temporal line, which divides into the upper and lower temporal lines, continuous, in the articulated skull, with the corresponding lines on the parietal bone. (theodora.com)
  • Evaluate the integrity of the medial canthal tendon (MCT) by placing the thumb and index finger over the nasal root and carefully applying lateral tension to each lower lid. (medscape.com)
  • In reduction rhinoplasty, nasal cartilage and bone is removed, trimmed or rearranged to achieve a smaller shape. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • serrated nasal notch that articulates with the nasal bones inferiorly, and with the lacrimal and maxilla bones laterally. (wordaz.com)
  • this portion is known as the nasal part and presents a rough, uneven interval, the nasal notch, which articulates on either side of the middle line with the nasal bone, and laterally with the frontal process of the maxilla and with the lacrimal. (theodora.com)
  • In humans, the conchae divide the nasal airway into four groove-like air. (wordaz.com)
  • Low-rooted nasal bridges are closely ****ociated with epicanthic. (wordaz.com)
  • The cranium bifurcates the skull at the front of the parietal bone to reveal a dissectible brain model featuring left and right hemispheres, cerebellum, hypothalamus, and more! (anatomywarehouse.com)
  • 1990. Nonneoplastic nasal lesions in rats and mice. (nih.gov)
  • 12. Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of bone targeting salmon calcitonin analogs in normal and osteoporotic rats. (nih.gov)
  • The adult skull has cartilage, ligaments and 22 bones. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • This is accomplished through small incisions inside the nostrils which allow access to the underlying bone and cartilage. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • Regardless of the incision placement, your surgeon will need access to the cartilage and bone that will be rearranged or removed to make your nasal structure smaller. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • How your surgeon accesses the bone and cartilage will largely depend on where he must do the bulk of his work. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • Maxillary and palatine bones (PB) were evaluated the plane angle between the maxillary alveolar processes (MAP) and PB, and depth of the maxillary arch of both groups were compared. (bvsalud.org)
  • Determination of N2-hydroxymethyl-dG adducts in the nasal epithelium and bone marrow of nonhuman primates following 13CD2-formaldehyde inhalation exposure. (nih.gov)
  • The presence of endogenous and exogenous N(2)-hydroxymethyl-dG adducts in DNA from the nasal mucosa and bone marrow of cynomolgus macaques exposed to 1.9 and 6.1 ppm of [(13)CD(2)]-formaldehyde for 6 h a day for 2 consecutive days was investigated using a highly sensitive nano-UPLC-MS/MS method with a limit of detection of 20 amol. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast, only endogenous adducts were detectable in the bone marrow, even though ýýý10 times more DNA was analyzed. (nih.gov)
  • 8. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding trial of intermittent nasal salmon calcitonin for prevention of postmenopausal lumbar spine bone loss. (nih.gov)
  • This type of nasal congestion (where one experiences repeated or lengthy episodes) is called chronic sinusitis . (healthline.com)
  • 17. Effect of nasal salmon calcitonin on calcium and bone metabolism. (nih.gov)
  • two bones of the skull, in front of the frontals. (wordaz.com)
  • They may also serve to lighten the bones of the skull and help enhance the voice. (healthline.com)
  • FACTS: You can feel it in your bones that you would not go far without your skull. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • The bones gradually fuse to form a solid skull. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Beneath each superciliary arch is a curved and prominent margin, the supraorbital margin, which forms the upper boundary of the base of the orbit, and separates the squama from the orbital portion of the bone. (theodora.com)
  • In many cases, babies born without a nasal bridge may appear to have developed esotropia but in fact that is not the case. (rutnin.com)
  • When the child grows up, the nasal bridge bone will surface and make the eyes look normal. (rutnin.com)
  • The cranium has eight bones that surround the brain and form the inner ear. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • A long nasal bone structure and distance between the canine and premolar teeth is large. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pathogenesis of turbinate atrophy has not been elucidated, but it has been hypothesized that cytokines released by epithelial cells and/or inflammatory cells during chronic inflammation shift the balance between bone resorption and new bone production toward osteoclastic activity (and perhaps decreased osteoblastic activity, as well), resulting in a net loss of bone. (nih.gov)
  • Their skulls are held together with sutures, or joints between the bones. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Nasal soft tissue wounds are cleansed and foreign bodies removed. (medscape.com)
  • 4. Safety and efficacy of a novel salmon calcitonin (sCT) technology-based oral formulation in healthy postmenopausal women: acute and 3-month effects on biomarkers of bone turnover. (nih.gov)
  • Both exogenous and endogenous adducts were readily detected and quantified in the nasal tissues of both exposure groups, with an exposure dependent increase in exogenous adducts observed. (nih.gov)
  • Unfortunately, nasal reductioncannot be accomplished without surgical intervention. (facialsurgery.com)
  • Find the area between your nasal bone and the corner of the eyes. (healthline.com)
  • Here, we will just focus on the nasal area. (nih.gov)
  • Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Nasal bones and, of course, Nasal bones synonyms and on the right images related to the word Nasal bones . (wordaz.com)
  • Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Nasal bones . (wordaz.com)
  • On either side of the middle line the bone presents depressions for the convolutions of the brain, and numerous small furrows for the anterior branches of the middle meningeal vessels. (theodora.com)
  • nasal boss extended forward, where it fused onto the nasal and premaxilla bones (of the upper jaw) at the front of the snout, though the nasal bone itself. (wordaz.com)
  • Nasal polyposis (NP) in adult population is a common problem in otorhinolaryngology outpatient practice. (bvsalud.org)
  • At this consultation, Dr. Miller will examine your existing nasal structure and skin conditions to determine what is surgically possible. (drphilipmiller.com)
  • However, it is worth counseling patients that wearing of spectacles may be affected by a change in nasal shape. (medscape.com)