Ardisiphenols A-C, novel antioxidants from the fruits of Ardisia colorata. (1/16)Novel alk(en)ylphenols, named ardisiphenols A--C (1--3) were isolated from the fruits of Ardisia colorata, together with known alk(en)ylresorcinols (4--6). Their structures were determined by the NMR and MS/MS analyses. All compounds showed scavenging activities towards 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and cytotoxicities against murine breast cancer cell line, FM3A. (+info)
Myrsinoic acids B, C and F, anti-inflammatory compounds from Myrsine seguinii. (2/16)The methanolic extract of Myrsine seguinii yielded three anti-inflammatory compounds, myrsinoic acids B, C and F, and their structures were elucidated from the spectroscopic data. These compounds suppressed the TPA-induced edema of mouse ear, myrsinoic acid F being the most active (IE 77% at a dose of 0.56 micromol). (+info)
Myrsinoic acid E, an anti-inflammatory compound from Myrsine seguinii. (3/16)The methanolic extract of Myrsine seguinii yielded the novel anti-inflammatory compound, myrsinoic acid E (1), whose structure was elucidated to be 3,5-digeranyl-4-hydroxy benzoic acid. We synthesized 1- and its 3,5-diprenyl (2) and 3,5-difarnesyl analogues (3). Compounds 1-3 suppressed 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation of mouse ears by 59%, 14%, and 69% at a dose of 1.4 micromol. (+info)
Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability. (4/16)Aquaculture, the farming of shrimp and other useful aquatic and marine plants and animals in artificially confined and tended ponds, pens, and cages, ranks as a phenomenal success story in global food production. In 1975, aquaculture contributed 8% to the overall yield of the world's fish harvest; now it provides more than one-third of the yield. Total aquaculture production in 2003 was 54.8 million metric tons valued at 67.3 billion in U.S. dollars. More than 90% of this output comes from Asia, where aquaculture has its origins and where this month's essay author has lived and worked all of her life. In her essay, Jurgenne H. Primavera, senior scientist of the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center based in Iloilo, Central Philippines, traces the recent history of aquaculture and the socioeconomic and environmental challenges that its rapid growth has wrought, especially for the mangrove ecosystems in which much of brackishwater pond aquaculture occurs. With an eye on all stakeholders, Primavera lays out how aquaculture is now falling short of the goal of sustainability and what steps might be taken to move the industry in that direction. (+info)
Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes. (5/16)Mangrove forests, though essentially common and wide-spread, are highly threatened. Local societies along with their knowledge about the mangrove also are endangered, while they are still underrepresented as scientific research topics. With the present study we document local utilization patterns, and perception of ecosystem change. We illustrate how information generated by ethnobiological research can be used to strengthen the management of the ecosystem. This study was conducted in the Godavari mangrove forest located in the East-Godavari District of the state Andhra Pradesh in India, where mangroves have been degrading due to over-exploitation, extensive development of aquaculture, and pollution from rural and urbanized areas (Kakinada).One hundred interviews were carried out among the fisherfolk population present in two mangrove zones in the study area, a wildlife sanctuary with strong conservation status and an adjacent zone. Results from the interviews indicated that Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh., a dominant species in the Godavari mangroves, is used most frequently as firewood and for construction. Multiple products of the mangrove included the bark of Ceriops decandra (Griff.) Ding Hou to dye the fishing nets and improve their durability, the bark of Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco to poison and catch fish, and the leaves of Avicennia spp. and Excoecaria agallocha L. as fodder for cattle. No medicinal uses of true mangrove species were reported, but there were a few traditional uses for mangrove associates. Utilization patterns varied in the two zones that we investigated, most likely due to differences in their ecology and legal status. The findings are discussed in relation with the demographic and socio-economic traits of the fisherfolk communities of the Godavari mangroves and indicate a clear dependency of their livelihood on the mangrove forest.Reported changes in the Godavari mangrove cover also differed in the two zones, with significantly less perceptions of a decrease in the protected area, as compared to the adjacent non-protected area. A posteriori comparisons between sequential satellite imagery (retrospective till 1977) and respondents that were at least 15 years back then, revealed a mangrove decrease which was however perceived to different extents depending on the area with which the fishermen were familiar. While local needs had not been incorporated in the existing policy, we created a framework on how data on ethnobotanical traditions, fishery-related activities and local people's perceptions of change can be incorporated into management strategies. (+info)
The in vivo rodent micronucleus assay of Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila) extract. (6/16)Kacip Fatimah also known as Labisia pumila (Myrsinaceae), is a traditional herbal medicine with a long history in the Malay community. It has been used by many generations of Malay women to induce and facilitate childbirth as well as a post-partum medicine. We tested the genotoxic potential of Kacip Fatimah in bone marrow cells obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats using micronuclei formation as the toxicological endpoints. Five groups of five male rats each were administered orally for two consecutive days with doses of 100, 700 and 2000 mg/kg body weight of Kacip Fatimah extract dissolved in distilled water. Micronucleus preparation was obtained from bone marrow cells of the animals following standard protocols. No statistically significant increase in micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCEs) was observed at any dose level and sacrifice/harvest time point (24, 48 and 72h). However, a significant decrease in polychromatic erythrocytes/normochromatic erythrocytes (PCE:NCE) ratio was observed from the highest dose level (2000 mg/kg of body weight) at 48h harvest time point. In this study, we investigated the effect of Kacip Fatimah on mammalian bone marrow cells using micronuclei formation to assess the genotoxicity of the herb. (+info)
Penicillenols from Penicillium sp. GQ-7, an endophytic fungus associated with Aegiceras corniculatum. (7/16)Six new tetramic acids derivatives, penicillenols A(1), A(2), B(1), B(2), C(1), and C(2) (1-6), together with citrinin, phenol A acid, phenol A, and dihydrocitrinin, were identified from Penicillium sp. GQ-7, an endophytic fungus associated with Aegiceras corniculatum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectral analysis. All the new compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic effects on four cell lines by the MTT method. Penicillenols A(1) and B(1) showed cytotoxicities against HL-60 cell line with IC(50) values of 0.76 microM and 3.20 microM, respectively. (+info)
Identification of a methioninase inhibitor, myrsinoic acid B, from Myrsine seguinii Lev., and its inhibitory activities. (8/16)A methioninase inhibitor from Myrsine seguinii was purified and identified as myrsinoic acid B. Its inhibitory activities as to crude methioninase from periodontal bacteria such as Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Treponema denticola were determined. The IC50 values were 10.5, 82.4, and 30.3 microM respectively. (+info)
I apologize for any confusion, but "Myrsinaceae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in botany, specifically a family of flowering plants that includes shrubs and small trees. The plants in this family are primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.
If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health science, I would be happy to help.
Ardisia is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs in the primrose family (Primulaceae) that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Some species of Ardisia have medicinal uses, but there is no single medical definition for 'Ardisia' as it is not a term used to describe a specific medical condition or treatment.
In traditional medicine, some Ardisia species have been used to treat various health issues such as digestive disorders, skin conditions, and respiratory infections. However, it is important to note that the use of Ardisia for medicinal purposes has not been extensively studied in clinical trials, and its safety and efficacy are not well-established. Therefore, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider before using any Ardisia species or products derived from them for medicinal purposes.
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- New England's species in the Myrsinaceae were formerly placed in the Primulaceae. (nativeplanttrust.org)
- Crude alcohol extracts from several plant species of Myrsinaceae, Primulaceae, Aceraceae and Icacinaceae were evaluated for in vitro activity against Leishmania infantum intracellular amastigotes and cytotoxicity on MRC-5SV2 cells, while the saponin content was evaluated qualitatively by TLC. (uantwerpen.be)
- Género de plantas con flores de la familia PRIMULACEAE, distribuido por todo el mundo pero principalmente en regiones tropicales y subtropicales. (bvsalud.org)
- The genus Labisia (Myrsinaceae) is a popular medicinal plant in Malaysia. (geneticsmr.org)
- A number of plates were located and indexed during the project, but the focus became a complete set of illustrations used in a single, book-length publication: The Genus Parathesis of the Myrsinaceae (Contributions from Texas Research Foundation 5: i-xiii, 1-296, 71 figs., 35 plates. (utexas.edu)
- Familia Myrsinaceae R. Br. (crescentbloom.com)
- 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Lysimachia (Myrsinaceae) based on chloroplast trnL-F and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. (bbg.org)
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