Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Caesalpinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The common name of "Bird-Of-Paradise" is also used for other plants such as Heliconia (HELICONIACEAE) and Strelitzia (STRELITZIACEAE) and some birds. The common name of "Cat's-Claw" is more often used with UNCARIA. The common name of "Pernambuco" also refers to a state in Brazil. Furanoditerpenoid lactones and caesalpin are produced by members of this genus.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Spirurida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.Gnathostoma: A genus of parasitic nematodes that occurs in mammals including man. Infection in humans is either by larvae penetrating the skin or by ingestion of uncooked fish.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Hemoglobin E: An abnormal hemoglobin that results from the substitution of lysine for glutamic acid at position 26 of the beta chain. It is most frequently observed in southeast Asian populations.Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Russell's Viper: A genus of snakes of the family VIPERIDAE. It is distributed in West Pakistan, most of India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, southeast China, Taiwan, and a few islands of Indonesia. It hisses loudly when disturbed and strikes with great force and speed. Very prolific, it gives birth to 20-60 young. This viper is the leading cause of snakebite in India and Burma. (Moore: Poisonous Snakes of the World, 1980, p127)Government Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Mefloquine: A phospholipid-interacting antimalarial drug (ANTIMALARIALS). It is very effective against PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM with very few side effects.Apitherapy: The medical use of honey bee products such as BEE VENOM; HONEY; bee pollen; PROPOLIS; and royal jelly.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Orthohepadnavirus: A genus of HEPADNAVIRIDAE causing hepatitis in humans, woodchucks (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK) and ground squirrels. hepatitis b virus is the type species.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).CambodiaEndemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Chloroquine: The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Mosquito Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.PrimatesDrug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.SesquiterpenesPublic Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Government Publications as Topic: Discussion of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.United StatesCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Antigens, Protozoan: Any part or derivative of any protozoan that elicits immunity; malaria (Plasmodium) and trypanosome antigens are presently the most frequently encountered.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.IndiaDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Capital Financing: Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Great BritainLobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Single-Payer System: An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Uncompensated Care: Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Collective Bargaining: The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Hospitals, Proprietary: Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Resource Allocation: Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Government PublicationsHealth Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Socialism: A system of government in which means of production and distribution of goods are controlled by the state.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Research Support, U.S. GovernmentIndustry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Medical Assistance: Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.PakistanHealth Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Reimbursement Mechanisms: Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Relief Work: Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Drugs, Essential: Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
Assembly of the Union
Shwe Yinn Mar Oo (15 August 2011). "Journalists allowed to attend hluttaw sessions: government". Myanmar Times. Archived from ... Ne Win's military government was slated for occupation by Yangon Division government offices.) Between 1988 and 2011, there was ... is the national-level bicameral legislature of Myanmar (officially known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) established ... Politics of Myanmar List of legislatures by country State and Region Hluttaws Aung Zaw (February 2010). "No Escape from the 31 ...
"Myanmar government reshuffled". The Nation. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2014. "Burma: Comparison of New Government ... He was an Myanmar Ambassador to Cambodia and was also nominated as Ambassador to France just before he was appointed as Deputy ... From May 2013 to May 2014, he also served as chairman of the Myanmar Investment Commission. Win Shein previously served as a ... He also served as a Commodore, as part of the Myanmar Navy's Naval Training Headquarters. Win Shein's father, San Shein, was ...
Visa requirements for Albanian citizens
Official Government Website)". Myanmar E visa. Retrieved 2013-10-22. "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 2013-10- ... Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda. Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the ... www.immi.gov.np/visa/tourist-visa Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands. Travel Information ... Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands. Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the ...
Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens
Official Government Website)". Myanmar E visa. Retrieved 2013-10-22. "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 2013-10- ... Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. "Israel travel advice - GOV.UK". www.gov. ... Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda. Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the ... mfa.gov.ct.tr/consular-info/visa-regulations/     Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar. Do I require ...
Aung Ko (politician)
"Govt wants control over protests, says USDP rep". www.mmtimes.com. Retrieved 2016-03-22. Times, The Myanmar. "Government waters ... "The state of the Sangha". Frontier Myanmar. Retrieved 2016-03-22. Times, The Myanmar. "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to join government ... "Aung San Suu Kyi to hold ministry in Myanmar's government". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-03-22. "Burma-Myanmar ... "Brokers, govt officials collude to profit from land disputes". www.mmtimes.com. Retrieved 2016-03-22. Times, The Myanmar. " ...
Khin San Hlaing
"Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). Government of Myanmar. 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2012. "Thein ... and is considered by many in and outside Myanmar as a moderate and reformist in the post-junta government. His government ... "One Year of Myanmar's Thein Sein Government: Background and Outlook of Reforms". KUDO Toshihiro. Retrieved May 2012. Check date ... Laos, Myanmar set to enhance relations, Xinhua; retrieved 11 November 2007. Myanmar's prime minister visits Cambodia to garner ...
Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens
Official Government Website)". Myanmar E visa. Retrieved 2013-10-22. "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 2013-10- ... Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. "Israel travel advice - GOV.UK". www.gov. ... Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda. Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the ... "Office of Biometric Identity Management - Homeland Security". dhs.gov. Retrieved 3 March 2017. Government of Canada -- Overcome ...
Government of Myanmar. 2 April 2012. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. Khin Kyaw Han (1 ... In the Myanmar by-elections, 2012, he won a seat in the Pyithu Hluttaw, representing Myaungmya Township. In the Myanmar general ... John Zaw (March 29, 2016). "Myanmar names three Christians as regional ministers". Union of Catholic Asian News. "Myanmar names ... Shwe Yee Saw Myint (29 March 2016). "Ethnic Kayin chosen for Ayeyarwady's top job". Myanmar Times. "Meet your chief ministers ...
2/2007) (18 October 2007) Formation and Assignment of Commission for Drafting State Constitution". Government of Myanmar. 29 ... Tun Shin (Burmese: ထွန်းရှင်; born 2 October 1948) was Attorney General of Myanmar (Burma) from 2011 to 2016. He is an attorney ... "Union of Myanmar State Peace and Development Council Announcement No. ( ... No 194/2008 renewing and strengthening the restrictive measures in respect of Burma/Myanmar". European Commission. 10 May 2010 ...
Air quality index
Myanmar government (2007). "Haze". Archived from the original on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-11. "Air Quality Index - ... AQI at airnow.gov - cross-agency U.S. Government site New Mexico Air Quality and API data - Example of how New Mexico ... A website allowing government agencies anywhere in the world to submit their real-time air monitoring data for display using a ... An air quality index (AQI) is a number used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently ...
Government of Myanmar. Retrieved 2010-09-28. "Russian company gains right to explore for minerals in Myanmar". New York Times. ... Government of Myanmar also plied its launches on this route. During World War II, Homalin on the bank of the Chindwin River, ... Myanmar had the distinction of accounting for 60% of world's heroin supply, in 1997, with the production of about 2500 tonnes ... "Homalin (HOX) Myanmar". World-airport -codes.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2010-09-28. "White gold ...
Basic information about the Bago Division on the site of the Myanmar Government Archived 5 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine ... 2005). Myanmar's Energy Sector: Banking on Natural Gas Myanmar's Energy Sector: Banking on Natural Gas In Chin Kin Wah & Daljit ... myanmar.gov.mm. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2017. California State University, Chico ... Teak logs - Myanmar is one of the world's top exporters - are floated down the river as large rafts. Before it is transported, ...
Synoptic scale meteorology
Union Solidarity and Development Party
"Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). Government of Myanmar. 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2012. "Thein ... "Coup In Ranks Of Myanmar's Ruling Party Highlights Concern Over Suu Kyi". August 13, 2015. "Myanmar is ripe for third-party ... Shwe Yinn Mar Oo; Soe Than Lynn (7 March 2011). "Two USDP MPs sacked from national parliaments". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 ... Wang Yuanyuan (16 October 2012). "President U Thein Sein re-elected as Myanmar's ruling party leader". Xinhua News Agency. ...
Aung Soe Myint
Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens
Official Government Website)". Myanmar E visa. Retrieved 22 October 2013. "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 22 ... Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. "Israel travel advice - GOV.UK". www.gov. ... Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana. [www.mofat.gov.bn/Pages/Visa-Information.aspx Country category for ... "Office of Biometric Identity Management - Homeland Security". dhs.gov. Retrieved 3 March 2017. Government of Canada -- Overcome ...
Myint Aung (MP)
David Abel (general)
Government of Myanmar. Retrieved 10 October 2012. Myo Nyunt. "History". U Hla Tun Hospice (Cancer) Foundation. Retrieved 1 July ... David Oliver Abel (Burmese: ဒေးဗစ် အေဘယ်လ်; born 1935) is a retired Brigadier General in the Myanmar Army and a former cabinet ... Abel founded the military conglomerate, Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings, in 1990, along with 12 joint venture companies, and ... "COUNCIL DECISION 2003/461/CFSP of 20 June 2003 implementing Common Position 2003/297/CFSP on Burma/Myanmar". Official Journal ...
Win Myint (MP)
Khin Maung Thein
Esta.cbp.dhs.gov "ECOWAS Official Site". Tanzanian Embassy in France Ugandan Visa "Kenyahighcommission.net". "Myanmar, ... ". "Official Government Website". Myanmar E visa. Retrieved 2013-10-22. "VISA". Migration.gov.rw. 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2013-10 ... "The Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic". evisa.gov.az. "Bahrain Visa Online Application". Evisa.gov.bh. Retrieved ... The government of the People's Republic of China requires its citizens to obtain a Two-way Permit, issued by the PRC ...
The Barton Government which came to power after the first elections to the Commonwealth parliament in 1901 was formed by the ... Myanmar. 2015. 1.0 Namibia. 2016. 17.5 Netherlands. 2016. 17.3 New Zealand. 2015. 17.9 ... In the United States, trade unions were formed based on power with the people, not over the people like the government at the ... In the Nordic System of labour market regulation, the government's legislative role is limited in the same way as in the Anglo- ...
Arya Samaj in Singapore
In 1927, Arya Samaj was established in Singapore in a shophouse in Rowell Road.. In 1942 till 1945, during the Second World War the activities of the Arya Samaj was interrupted by the Japanese occupation of Singapore.. In 1963, the Arya Samaj movement's present building at Syed Alwi Road was opened by Mollamal Sachdev, whose family gave generously to the building fund.. In 2014, on 1 and 2 November, Arya Samaj Singapore celebrated International Arya Conference (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय आर्य महा सम्मलेन) to mark the 101 years of Arya Samaj movement.. In 2015, inaugural International Yoga Day (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस) was celebrated by the Arya Samaj.. ...
List of medical colleges in India
Government Medical College, Bettiah 2008 Bettiah Aryabhatta Knowledge University Government  Indira Gandhi Institute of ... Government Medical College, Nagpur. *Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur (run by the Nagpur Municipal Corporation) ... Colleges run by the Government of Maharashtra. *Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (run by the Government of India; exams ... Government Sivagangai Medical College and Hospital, Sivagangai. *Government Tiruvannamalai Medical College and Hospital, ...
List of aerospace engineering schools
"www.ncat.gov.ng.. *^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-15. Retrieved 2012-06-15.. CS1 maint: Archived copy ... Myanmar. *Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University. Netherlands. *Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) ... United College of Aviation,Science and Management(UCASM). Under Ministry of education, Govt.NU college code:6597. WWW.uca.edu. ...
List of political parties in China
Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (TDSGL). 台湾民主自治同盟（台盟） 12 November 1947 73 years, 21 days British Hong Kong 3,000 ... It has been subject to crackdowns by the Chinese government.. *The Zhi Xian Party (Chinese: 至宪党), also known as the Chinese ... "npc.gov.cn. 2007-11-15. Archived from the original on 2016-02-06. Retrieved 2018-01-05.. ... "minge.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2020-05-13.. ...
Barbados-United States relations
The U.S. Government has been represented on Barbados since 1923. From 1956 to 1978, the United States operated a chemical ... Government Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm. Federal presidential republic ... The United States has supported the government's efforts to expand the country's economic base and to provide a higher standard ... The current mission houses eight US government agencies, working in 24 countries and territories across the region. ...
Corruption in Malaysia
"Government Directory: Prime Minister's Department". Office of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July ... Despite periodic actions by the government to crack down on petty corruption in the Immigration Department, bribe-taking and ... The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) is a government agency in Malaysia that investigates and prosecutes corruption ... Such circumstances - known as the 'revolving door' - allow for active government participation in the economy and public- ...
Bengal famine of 1943
Alipore: Bengal Government Press.. *. Government of Bengal (1940c). Report of the Land Revenue Commission, Vol. VI (PDF). ... Following the Japanese occupation of Burma (modern Myanmar) rice imports were lost, then much of Bengal's market supplies and ... New Delhi: Manager of Publications, Government of India Press.. *. Government of Bengal (1940b). Report of the Land Revenue ... "On 29 November 1941 the central government conferred, by notification, concurrent powers on the provincial governments under ...
Wat Phra Dhammakaya
First clash with government (1997-2000). In the late 1990s, Wat Phra Dhammakaya became known for its modern management ... mostly from Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand, to make a critical edition of the Pali Canon, the Theravada Buddhist scriptures. A ... Raising awareness: government supporting Buddhism]. Thai Rath (in Thai). Wacharapol. 8 February 2012. p. 15. Retrieved 2 ... The issue of Wat Dhammakaya: is the government shocked?]. Khao Sod (in Thai) (9581). Matichon Publishing. 20 February 2017. ...
Freedom of religion in Australia
Government response. Turnbull's government indicated it would not release the report received in May 2018 until it had ... "www.humanrights.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-22.. *^ a b Victorian Aids Council. "Submission to the Religious Freedom Review" (PDF ... "www.pmc.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-22.. *^ a b Burgess, Katie. "Ruddock review next big battle for gay community, LGBTIQ council ... "www.humanrights.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-22.. *^ "Perth teacher loses his job after telling school he is gay". NewsComAu. ...
Myanmar border, including Bangladesh and the southern parts of Nepal and Bhutan. They may have also occurred in Myanmar, ... The dramatic decline of the rhino population and the extent of poaching prompted the government to institute the Gaida Gasti - ... The Indian and Nepalese governments have taken major steps towards Indian rhinoceros conservation, especially with the help of ...
"Knesset.gov.il. 1997-04-01. Retrieved 2013-06-20.. *^ "Indian government cuts down on US lobbying to lowest in 7 years". The ... Anti-Corruption Commission of Myanmar (Myanmar). *Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (Nigeria). *Investigation Task Force ... In 2010 alone, foreign governments spent approximately $460 million on lobbying members of Congress and government officials.[ ... "lobbyists.dpac.tas.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-07-03.. *^ "South Australian Lobbyist Code of Conduct and Public Register". ...
US Government Printing Office. *^ a b c d e Rijn, S. V., Zijlstra, M., & Bijlsma, R. G. (2010). Wintering white-tailed eagles ... into northeastern Myanmar, and more broadly and regularly in much of northeastern China. Good numbers winter too in ... US Government Printing Office. *^ a b c d Zhengjie, Z. (2001). Birds of China, Vol.1 (Non-Sparrow-shaped): Jilin Science and ... 8). Govt. Print. Off. *^ King, W. B., & Vincent, J. (1978). Endangered birds of the world, The ICBP Bird red data book (Vol. 2) ...
All major governments at the time of drafting the U.N. charter and the Universal declaration did their best to ensure, by all ... Myanmar and Cambodia. In October 2009, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights was inaugurated, and ... John Locke incorporated natural law into many of his theories and philosophy, especially in Two Treatises of Government. Locke ... Human rights abuses are monitored by United Nations committees, national institutions and governments and by many independent ...
United States Department of State
Government Printing Office, 1977, p. 27. *^ a b Michael, William Henry. History of the Department of State of the United States ... "careers.state.gov. Retrieved November 18, 2016.. *^ "ETA Grant Application Statistics". us.fulbrightonline.org. Archived from ... gov. The United States Department of State (DOS), commonly referred to as the State Department, is a federal executive ... "State.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2017.. *^ Pincus, Erica (December 22, 2014). "The Science and Technology Adviser to the U.S. ...
The Barton Government which came to power following the first elections to the Commonwealth parliament in 1901 was formed by ... In the Nordic System of labour market regulation, the government's legislative role is limited in the same way as in the Anglo- ... "In the Continental European System of labour market regulation, the government plays an important role as there is a strong ... In the Anglo-Saxon System of labour market regulation, the government's legislative role is much more limited, which allows for ...
Centre Party (Finland)
With the outbreak of the Winter War a government of national unity was formed. President Kallio died shortly after the war. ... The Party formed many centrist minority governments with National Progressive Party and got its first Prime Ministers Kyösti ... The new president allowed the first centre-left government to be formed in Finland. A new era had begun. ... For the Agrarian League, the centrist governments were just a transitional period towards an era, which would integrate the " ...
House of Delegates of Palau
They indicate that the increase in word lengths with time can be attributed to the government-initiated language reform of the ... In 1908, Sultan Abdülhamid II had been forced to allow a re-established constitutional government, and the parliament ... "government", and ميدان meydân or "public") and two of Persian origin (درگاه dergâh or "tekke" and بارگاه bârgâh or "palace"). ... in the government, or in public") Selçuk Üniversitesi Uzaktan Eğitim Programı (SUZEP). As a measure of the extent of the ...
Music of Saudi Arabia
Christianity in Turkey
In 2015 the Turkish government gave permission for the Christian channel SAT-7 to broadcast on the government-regulated Türksat ... Patriarch Bartholomew objected to the government's rhetoric, saying "If it is to reopen as a house of worship, then it should ... The new church was recognized by the Ottoman government in 1850 after encouragement from the British Ambassdor Henry Wellesley ... open as a Christian church." Also in 2013, the government announced that the 5th-century Monastery of Stoudios, located in ...
"Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions", www.gov.za, South African Government. ... Natarajan, Swaminathan (6 March 2014) Myanmar's Tamils seek to protect their identity. BBC ... Classical Tamil, Government of India *^ Abraham, S. A. (2003), "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify ... "By govt. order: 9,000 words to enter Tamil vocabulary". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 9 November 2019. p. 2. Retrieved 29 ...
A radical group continued to fight the government, but signed its own peace treaty in 2001. The war ended in a government ... The government is dominated by the Somali Issa Dir clan, who enjoy the support of the Somali clans, especially the Gadabuursi ... Government. Unitary dominant-party presidential republic under an authoritarian dictatorship. ... Government. *. "Site Officiel de la République de Djibouti" [Official website of the Republic of Djibouti] (in French). ...
Disputatio Usoris:IacobusAmor - Vicipaedia
The US and UK governments probably could. Let's ask them :) Andrew Dalby (disputatio) 14:23, 4 Februarii 2015 (UTC). I said so ... Though "Myanmar" is officially preferred as spelling, how many know how to pronounce it? And indeed, how many casual speakers ... According to the National League of [US] Cities, the United States are the home of about 20,000 municipal governments, with an ... Extending that proportion worldwide would imply the existence of about 500,000 municipal governments. Throw in the hamlets and ...
"Myanmar govt looking to upgrade Yangon-Myitkyina Rail railway". Thai PBS. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2014-02-19.. ... In December 2013, the Myanmar government began to discuss the upgrade of the existing Yangon-Myitkyina Railway with the Asian ... In December 2013, Japanese media reported that the Myanmar and Japanese governments had reached an agreement to upgrade this ... On 18 July 2014, the Myanmar government cancelled the project, citing opposition from civil rights groups, villagers and the ...
Fresh Fires, Bomb Blast In Myanmar's Rakhine: Government
... the government said Friday, the latest unrest in a region that has seen hundreds of thousands of Rohinyga Muslims flee in under ... Twenty homes caught fire and a bomb was detonated near a mosque in Myanmars Rakhine state, ... Sittwe, Myanmar: Twenty homes caught fire and a bomb was detonated near a mosque in Myanmars Rakhine state, the government ... Fresh Fires, Bomb Blast In Myanmars Rakhine: Government. The violence comes days after Myanmars civilian leader Aung San Suu ...
State and Region Government of Myanmar - Wikipedia
Yangon Region Government Mandalay Region Government Magway Region Government Sagaing Region Government Bago Region Government ... www.mdyregion.gov.mm www.bagoregion.gov.mm www.kayahstate.gov.mm www.monstate.gov.mm www.rakhinestate.gov.mm www.shanstate.gov. ... Government Kayin State Government Chin State Government Mon State Government Rakhine State Government Shan State Government The ... Ayeyarwady Region Government Taninthayi Region Government Kachin State Government Kayah State ...
China's relations with Myanmar: Does an NLD government mark a new era? | Asia Times
In fact, its presence and influence can be felt in almost all walks of life in Myanmar. The change of government in Myanmar ... China should once again adjust its policy toward Myanmar. While the change of government in Myanmar does not alter Chinas ... Chinas relations with Myanmar: Does an NLD government mark a new era?. December 8, 2015 2:35 PM (UTC+8) *Share ... Chinas relations with Myanmar under Thein Sein. There is no denying the fact that the Thein Sein government has made many ...
Govt reviews pact with Myanmar on free movement along border - india news - Hindustan Times
A large number of Rohingya Mulisms have fled Myanmar and are seeking refuge in India following a crackdown by the military in ... Govt reviews pact with Myanmar on free movement along border. A large number of Rohingya Mulisms have fled Myanmar and are ... Home / India News / Govt reviews pact with Myanmar on free movement along border ... People protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi against the genocide of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.(Arun Sharma/HT PHOTO). ...
Ministry of the Office of the Union Government (Myanmar) - Wikipedia
The Ministry of the Office of the Union Government is a ministry-level body that serves the Government of Myanmar. Htun Htun Oo ... As regards the duties and responsibilities of the Union Government, the Secretary of the Union Government, Director-General of ... The Union Government is performing numerous of tasks including matters on the administration of the Union, matters on Planning ... In forming the Ministry of the Office of the Union Government, the office routine work will be carried out with the labor ...
UNICEF, Government and partners convene to jointly address the impact of air pollution on children in Myanmar
UNICEF in Myanmar UNICEF has been working with the Government and the people of Myanmar since 1950. In partnership with the ... UNICEF, Government and partners convene to jointly address the impact of air pollution on children in Myanmar Evidence-based ... it is important to address air pollution in Myanmar for the health and safety of Myanmars people. We have immediate choices ... In Myanmar, almost all rural households use highly polluting biomass for cooking. Additionally, smog-forming emissions from old ...
People in Myanmar Don't Know About Coronavirus Because the Government Blocked the Internet
The government of Aung San Suu Kyi ordered telecoms companies to shut down mobile internet coverage in two states. That was a ... "The Myanmar government continues to justify its actions on the basis of national security, but, perversely, its the internet ... Human rights organizations are now calling on the Myanmar government to lift all internet restrictions on the townships in ... People in Myanmar Dont Know About Coronavirus Because the Government Blocked the Internet. ...
Myanmar: Government restrictions severely impacting access to healthcare in Rakhine State | MSF UK
MSF calls on the Myanmar government to take action to ensure displaced people, and those cut off from services, have proper ... MSF in Myanmar. MSF has been providing healthcare in Myanmar since 1992, providing medical care to millions of people hailing ... The Rohingya are a stateless minority group, not recognised as citizens by the Government of Myanmar. ... Across Myanmar, MSF provides more than 28,000 people with lifesaving anti-retroviral treatment for AIDS and was amongst the ...
Humanitarian Assistance for Displaced Persons from Myanmar - Royal Thai Government Policy and Donor, INGO, NGO and UN Agency...
This volume examines the protracted refugee situation at the Thai-Myanmar border. Displaced ... Forced Migration on the border between Myanmar and Thailand. *Focus on Royal Thai Government policy and donor, INGO/NGO and UN ... Humanitarian Assistance for Displaced Persons from Myanmar. Royal Thai Government Policy and Donor, INGO, NGO and UN Agency ... Humanitarian Assistance for Displaced Persons from Myanmar. Book Subtitle. Royal Thai Government Policy and Donor, INGO, NGO ...
Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among retreatment patients registered by private practitioners in Myanmar - GOV.UK
PressReader - The Myanmar Times: 2016-10-19 - Govt launches investigation into Sa-gaing ferry dis-as-ter
Govt launches investigation into Sa-gaing ferry dis-as-ter. The Myanmar Times - 2016-10-19. - Front Page - SWAN YE HTUT swanye- ... THE govern-ment has launched a five-mem-ber team tasked with in-ves-ti-gat-ing the rea-son for the deadly sink-ing of the Aung ... Sa-gaing Re-gion Wa-ter Trans-port Depart-ment head U Phyo Min Khin told The Myan-mar Times yes-ter-day. Early re-ports in-di- ...
Myanmar gov't, 15 ethnic armed groups hold 1st peace talks | Philippines Today
Myanmar govt, 15 ethnic armed groups hold 1st peace talks. November 4, 2013 - Miscellaneous ... YANGON, (PNA/Xinhua) - Myanmar governments Central Peace Making Work Committee and representatives of 15 rebel ethnic armed ... The government side was headed by Vice Chairman of the Central Peace-Making Work Committee U Aung Min, while the 15 ethnic ... City govt eyes P75-M income from economic enterprise December 17, 2015 ...
10 Interesting Facts About The Kayan People Of Myanmar - WorldAtlas
In the past, the Kayan believed that removing the coil lead to a broken neck and death by suffocation The government ... In the 1980s and 90s, many fled the civil war in Myanmar and sought refuge in Thailand, where they integrated with the local ... The Kayan people of Myanmar are a subgroup of the Karenni people ( Red Karen). The population of the Kayan is estimated at ... 10 Interesting Facts About The Kayan People Of Myanmar. By Victor Kiprop on October 17 2019 in Society ...
Joint Submission to CEDAW on Myanmar | Human Rights Watch
... for an exceptional report from the Myanmar government on the situation of women and girls from northern Rakhine State. ... Our organizations are unaware of any such measures taken by the Myanmar government. Nor has the government claimed to have ... The Myanmar government has a poor record of treating Rohingya displaced by past abuses or providing sustainable conditions for ... We have organized key findings of our research in response to some of the questions posed by CEDAW to the Myanmar government. ...
Myanmar : Govt evicts Nansibon jade mine scavengers
Government - Law - Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, No. 3/2010. *Government - Law - Region Hluttaw or the State Hluttaw Election ... Government - Law- Union Election Commission Law, No. 1/2010. *Government - Ministry for Progress of Border Areas and National ... Government - Law - Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law, No. 4/2010. *Government - Law - Computer Science Development Law, SLORC 10/96 ... Government - Law - Union Election Commission Directive, No. 2/2010. *Government - Law - Union Election Commission Notification ...
Myanmar ethnic groups attend government peace talks - BREAKING
Myanmar govt to launch roadmap for financial inclusion
Myanmar (Burma) Cyclone Nargis Appeal Donor Information Pack Available From Assured Giving -- Contains Current Information on...
As further information emerges about the extent of the humanitarian disaster in Myanmar (Burma), inflicted by Tropical Cyclone ... international aid agencies and governments stepped up their calls to the Myanmar government to allow immediate access to the ... The International Aid Effort is Still Being Hampered by the Myanmar Governments Refusal to Grant Visas. Death Toll Estimated ... A free Myanmar Donor Information Pack providing details of over 50 international aid agencies that have launched appeals is ...
Myanmar gov't dismisses U.N. statement | The China Post
"Since Myanmar is a member country of the United Nations and as the government has declared it would work with the U.N., we ... State-run TV and radio issued a statement Friday arguing that conditions inside Myanmar - a reference to the anti government ... YANGON, Myanmar - Myanmars military junta dismissed a U.N. statement Friday calling for dialogue with the pro-democracy ... "The government of Myanmar will continue to implement the seven-step roadmap together with the people," the statement said, ...
Myanmar govt body suggests setting up garment units in Sittwe
Local government - Wikipedia
Myanmar. Main article: Administrative divisions of Myanmar. Nepal. Main article: Local governance in Nepal ... Local government is the third tier of government in Pakistan, after Federal Government and Provincial Government. There are ... Main article: Local government in Malaysia. Local government is the lowest level in the system of government in Malaysia-after ... Main article: Local government in Australia. Local government is the third type of government in Australia, after Federal and ...
Myanmar Ethnic Armed Groups' Peace Negotiators and Govt to Meet Soon
Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement signatories will meet government representatives at the 8th JICM in Naypyitaw on Jan. 8. ... Myanmar Ethnic Armed Groups Peace Negotiators and Govt to Meet Soon. General Yawd Serk (right), the chairman of the ... Myanmar Ethnic Armed Groups Peace Negotiators and Govt to Meet Soon 7 January 2020 ... Court Rejects Bid by Myanmars Kayah State Govt to Increase Activists Jail Terms 30 December 2019 ...
Pressure mounts on Myanmar over Asia 'boat people' crisis - Reuters
Malaysia prodded Myanmar on Sunday to halt the exodus from its shores as concern grew for uncounted migrants adrift in rickety ... "What is the responsibility of the Myanmar government ... is there any humanitarian aspect for them to solve this matter ... repeating the demonstrably false claim that the Myanmar governments persecution of Rohingya is an internal affair," he wrote ... As for Myanmar, U.S. President Barack Obama said in a routine note to Congress last week that Washington - while not curtailing ...
... Government And Armed Ethnic Groups Resume Peace Talks 2015-07-22 Ruling party negotiators say a final cease-fire deal ... Final Peace Deal Eludes Myanmar Government and Armed Ethnic Groups 2015-07-24 The two sides will meet again during the first ... Karen Rebels Plan Attack of Myanmar Military For Highway Opening Ceremony 2015-07-16 They say ongoing attacks by government ... Myanmar. Cambodia. China. Laos. North Korea. Tibet. Uyghur. Vietnam Commentaries. Economy Watch. Parallel Thoughts. Perspective ...
Myanmar Healthcare Industry News Monitoring Service & Press Release Distribution - EIN News
Myanmar Healthcare Industry News Monitoring Service from EIN News; Media Monitoring & Online News Monitoring of Myanmar ... Myanmar government under Suu Kyi cracks down on... BANGKOK (AP) - When five Myanmar journalists were sentenced to decade-long ... Myanmar government under Suu Kyi silences journalists In this Nov 8, 2015 file photo, Myanmars National League for Democracy ... Myanmar Healthcare Industry News Monitoring Service. Latest Myanmar Healthcare Industry News · Get by RSS · Email · More News ...
Myanmar : Rights advocates dismayed by govt's mixed messages on rape- DVB Multimedia Group
Government - Law - Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, No. 3/2010. *Government - Law - Region Hluttaw or the State Hluttaw Election ... Government - Law- Union Election Commission Law, No. 1/2010. *Government - Ministry for Progress of Border Areas and National ... Government - Law - Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law, No. 4/2010. *Government - Law - Computer Science Development Law, SLORC 10/96 ... Government - Law - Union Election Commission Directive, No. 2/2010. *Government - Law - Union Election Commission Notification ...
ASEAN Archives - Page 2 of 12 - [email protected]
Violence at Myanmar-China Border Puts Beijing in a Bind - WSJ
When warplanes involved in fighting over northern Myanmar streaked across the border into China, an errant bomb killed Chinese ... Fighting between Kokang rebels and Myanmar government troops... To Read the Full Story ... Violence at Myanmar Border Puts Beijing in a Bind China faces growing calls to help ethnic Chinese who face persecution ... LINCANG, China-When warplanes involved in fighting over northern Myanmar streaked across the border into China, an errant bomb ...
Obama urges Myanmar to return to the path of democracy - LA Times
Faltering government reforms and raging violence against ethnic minorities have... ... Myanmars government has continued to be swayed by military influence. And a conflict in Rakhine state between the Buddhist ... Myanmar recently began to emerge from years of totalitarian rule.. President Obama meets with Myanmar President Thein Sein at ... built in just 10 years to house the new Myanmar government, the president traveled Thursday to a more storied city: Yangon, ...
Strategic Violence during Democratization: Evidence from Myanmar | World Politics | Cambridge Core
Evidence from Myanmar - Volume 71 Issue 2 - Darin Christensen, Mai Nguyen, Renard Sexton ... www.globalwitness.org/en/press-releases/myanmar-government-announces-ground-breaking-reforms-toxic-jade-business/, accessed ... "History of Myanmar Jade Trade till 1938." In Traditions in Current Perspective: Proceedings of the Conference on Myanmar and ... Burma/Myanmar: Where Now? Copenhagen, Denmark: NIAS Press.. Haggard, Stephan, and Kaufman, Robert R.. 1995. The Political ...
Myanmar's2017YANGONBurma2016RefugeesRakhine State2018Rohingya Muslims2019Government'sRepatriation2020Country'sThailandUnited NationsClashesBuddhistConflictMigrantsTroopsNGOsAuthoritiesRefugeeMilitarySoldiersRohingyasCivilian governmentAung San Suu Kyi'sPresident Barack ObamaAndaman SeaReutersNewsDhakaMillion Myanmar nationalsIndiaCox's BazarAnti government protestsPeopleCountryReformsMinistryViolenceNorth KoreaBurmeseMandalayHtaySanctionsNaypyitawThai-MyanmarSpokesmanArmyEthnic armed groups21st-centuryLived in Myanmar for generationsAttacksBorderCeasefireNationalsCitizensASEANHealthcareBeijingNaypyidawKokangPopulationDemocracy
- Twenty homes caught fire and a bomb was detonated near a mosque in Myanmar's Rakhine state, the government said Friday, the latest unrest in a region that has seen hundreds of thousands of Rohinyga Muslims flee in under a month. (ndtv.com)
- Myanmar's government admits that scores of villages have been burned down over the past month. (ndtv.com)
- The government has blocked independent media access to the conflict zone in northern Rakhine, making it difficult to verify the swirl of claims and counterclaims that has amplified Myanmar's already bitter ethnic divides. (ndtv.com)
- With the National League for Democracy's (NLD) landslide victory in the general elections in November, China expects a new page in Myanmar's domestic politics and foreign policy under the new government to be inaugurated at the end of March 2016. (atimes.com)
- This policy was cost free because the NLD and its leader Aung San Suu Kyi had little influence over Myanmar's domestic and foreign policy decision process under the military government and China could pursue its political and economic agendas by working with the government alone. (atimes.com)
- With rapid development already occurring, it is important to address air pollution in Myanmar for the health and safety of Myanmar's people. (unicef.org)
- YANGON, Myanmar - Myanmar's military junta dismissed a U.N. statement Friday calling for dialogue with the pro-democracy opposition, insisting that it would follow its own roadmap toward reform - a plan critics say is a ruse aimed at extending the government's grip on power. (nownews.com)
- Myanmar's government has continued to be swayed by military influence. (latimes.com)
- Thus far the response of the current government has been reasonably even-handed, which reflects a realization on its part that the country needs stability in advance of the upcoming 2015 presidential election, an event outsiders are closely watching as a means to gauge Myanmar's political stability and whether new foreign direct investment makes sense. (forbes.com)
- Myanmar's government spokesman was not available for comment on Wednesday morning. (news24.com)
- Bangkok, June 10 (DPA) A coalition of Myanmar's ethnic groups Wednesday called on the United Nations Security Council to investigate attacks on ethnic Karen villages in eastern Myanmar that have forced more than 3,000 refugees into Thailand. (thaindian.com)
- The forum, based on the Thai-Myanmar border, comprises representatives from six ethnic minority groups, including the Karen, whose traditional homeland was the Karen State, who are opposed to Myanmar's military regime. (thaindian.com)
- Over the past 15 years Myanmar's junta has destroyed more than 3,300 villages in eastern Myanmar, most of which were under the control of the Karen National Union (KNU), an insurgency that has been fighting for the autonomy of the Karen State for six decades. (thaindian.com)
- Myanmar's government has accused several other ethnic groups of supporting the Kokang rebels in combat, and has claimed that former Chinese soldiers have provided training. (voanews.com)
- China's government has disavowed any links with the militants, saying it respects Myanmar's sovereignty and will not allow any group to use Chinese territory to destabilize a neighboring country. (voanews.com)
- Since 2006, Myanmar's government has established a special dolphin protective zone stretching about 50 miles north of Mandalay. (nytimes.com)
- Around 70 per cent of Myanmar's population lives in rural areas where health care penetration is low ( Source: UNDP Myanmar ). (austrade.gov.au)
- The 16 Rohingya - 12 men, two women and two young girls - had traveled to Dhaka from Cox's Bazar, the district bordering Myanmar where refugee camps are overflowing with more than 620,000 Rohingya who have fled what the U.N. says is a campaign of ethnic cleansing by Myanmar's military. (nbcdfw.com)
- Myanmar's government and most of the Buddhist majority recoil from the term "Rohingya," saying the members of the Muslim minority are "Bengalis" who migrated illegally from Bangladesh. (nbcdfw.com)
- President Bush joined a chorus of international leaders urging Myanmar's reclusive military government to allow the flow of aid. (cnn.com)
- The U.S. pledged $3.25 million and has promised to send Navy ships in the region to help if Myanmar's government requests it. (cnn.com)
- Myanmar's government regards Rohingya as illegal migrants from Bangladesh. (mid-day.com)
- Nowadays, China, Vietnam and Myanmar's state governments are making efforts for protecting snub-nosed monkeys. (eurekalert.org)
- Ko Ko Naing, director general of Myanmar's Relief and Resettlement Department in the Ministry of Social Welfare, told Reuters by telephone that Myanmar had signed the agreement with Bangladesh and was aiming to start the repatriation process by Jan. 23. (com.sa)
- Myint Kyaing, permanent secretary at Myanmar's Ministry of Labor, Immigration and Population, told Reuters this month Myanmar would begin processing at least 150 people a day through each of the two camps by Jan. 23. (com.sa)
- Human Rights Watch and Fortify Rights welcome the opportunity to provide joint input into the November 2017 request by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) for an exceptional report from the Myanmar government on the situation of women and girls from northern Rakhine State. (hrw.org)
- This submission outlines the findings of our organizations through several separate on-the-ground investigations in 2016, 2017, and 2018 that documented widespread human rights violations committed against ethnic Rohingya women and girls by Myanmar security forces. (hrw.org)
- In November 2017, Pramila Patten, the United Nations special representative on sexual violence in conflict, said the Myanmar army's widespread use of sexual violence against Rohingya women and girls was "a calculated tool of terror aimed at the extermination and removal of the Rohingya as a group," adding that she documented the basis for characterizing the crimes as genocide. (hrw.org)
- In December 2016 and March 2017, Fortify Rights spoke to eight Rohingya women who were raped and gang raped by Myanmar army soldiers in October and November 2016 in seven villages in Maungdaw township. (hrw.org)
- Fortify Rights also documented rape and sexual violence in August and September 2017 in all three townships of northern Rakhine State, including through interviews with nine witnesses to rapes, gang rapes, and post-rape body mutilation by Myanmar army soldiers. (hrw.org)
- Confiscated drugs are burnt during a ceremony by Myanmar police to commemorate World Anti-Drugs Day on the outskirts of Yangon on June 26, 2017. (einnews.com)
- For the first time the government will have access to over 757 billion Kyats (approximately US$550 million) to transform the outdated medical sector ( Source: Myanmar Insider, March 2017 ). (austrade.gov.au)
- Pope Francis meets Rohingya Muslims refugees from Myanmar during an interfaith and ecumenical meeting for peace in the garden of the archbishop's residence, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Friday, Dec. 1, 2017. (nbcdfw.com)
- This chapter is from the Myanmar 2017 report. (oxfordbusinessgroup.com)
- Over 900,000 Rohingya are in Bangladesh alone, including 759,000 who fled a campaign of violence by the Myanmar military in Rakhine State that began in August 2017. (msf.org.au)
- ASEAN has been one of the few actors able to engage the Myanmar government since 2017. (msf.org.au)
- Smoke from burning Rohingya homes rises into the air from Myanmar, as seen from Bangladesh on Thursday, Sept. 14, 2017. (theglobeandmail.com)
- Yangon Region Government Mandalay Region Government Magway Region Government Sagaing Region Government Bago Region Government Ayeyarwady Region Government Taninthayi Region Government Kachin State Government Kayah State Government Kayin State Government Chin State Government Mon State Government Rakhine State Government Shan State Government The heads of the governments are chief ministers. (wikipedia.org)
- Cover: A Buddhist monk wearing face mask to help curb the spread of the new coronavirus, walks to collect morning alms from devotees in Yangon, Myanmar Monday, May 18, 2020. (vice.com)
- YANGON, (PNA/Xinhua) - Myanmar government's Central Peace Making Work Committee and representatives of 15 rebel ethnic armed groups out of 17 began their first ever peace talks on Monday in six decades in Myitgyina, capital of northernmost Kachin state, local sources said. (philippinestoday.net)
- YANGON: Myanmar troops seized $7 million worth of narcotics, precursors and equipment in a raid on drug labs in the restive north, the army said Monday, as it continues a war against ethnic rebels accused of profiting from the drug trade. (einnews.com)
- After first attending a series of summit meetings in this gleaming capital city, built in just 10 years to house the new Myanmar government, the president traveled Thursday to a more storied city: Yangon, symbolic home of the opposition party, whose leaders are growing impatient with Obama's embrace of the sitting government. (latimes.com)
- She joins us via Skype from Yangon, Myanmar. (npr.org)
- Many people lined up in Buddhist temples, schools and government buildings early in the morning to vote, well before a heavy downpour beat down in Yangon an hour before voting ended peacefully in the late afternoon with no reports of major irregularities or violence. (csmonitor.com)
- Myanmar factory workers hold placards which read 'To get at least 4,000 kyat a day,' as they stage a rally in Hlaingtharyar township, in suburb of Yangon, July 12, 2015. (voanews.com)
- The workers marched outside an industrial zone in the country's largest city of Yangon and called for a daily minimum wage of $3.54 per day, well above the $3.18 rate proposed last month by the National Minimum Wage Committee, after negotiations between the government, employers and employees. (voanews.com)
- The government temporarily imposed a ban on rice export to keep prices down, and Myanmar Economic Holding Corporation, a military-controlled conglomerate, has been seen selling subsidized rice and cooking oil in poorer sections of residential areas in Yangon. (jhu.edu)
- Myanmar has 1132 public hospitals, ranging from 2000 bed major hospitals in Yangon and Naypyidaw to fewer than 20 beds in rural health clinics. (austrade.gov.au)
- YANGON, Myanmar - A call for a Monday general strike by demonstrators in Myanmar protesting the military's seizure of power has been met by the ruling junta with a thinly veiled threat to use lethal force, raising the possibility of major clashes. (yahoo.com)
- The twelve people from Myanmar included people from Yangon University, ministry and fishery research, hydrographic department, and methodology and hydrology. (mizzima.com)
- Explore the ancient mysteries of Myanmar on this tour from Yangon. (intrepidtravel.com)
- What Languages Are Spoken In Myanmar (Burma)? (worldatlas.com)
- Donor Information Pack Contains Current Detailed Information About International Aid and United Nations Agencies That Have Launched Appeals For The Myanmar (Burma) Nargis Cyclone Humanitarian Crisis. (prweb.com)
- As further information emerges about the extent of the humanitarian disaster in Myanmar (Burma), inflicted by Tropical Cyclone Nargis, the United Nations, international aid agencies and governments stepped up their calls to the Myanmar government to allow immediate access to the region. (prweb.com)
- The youngest daughter of Aung San , Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar, and Khin Kyi , Aung San Suu Kyi was born in Rangoon , British Burma . (wikipedia.org)
- The government of Myanmar (also known as Burma) has denied these accusations. (brookings.edu)
- She did say that Burma is not a country that's been soft on human rights, that the government is committed to the defense of human rights and not of any particular community's rights but of all human beings. (npr.org)
- Myanmar , or Burma , officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia . (wikitravel.org)
- 1) People often think Myanmar, formerly Burma, is now a full democracy. (csmonitor.com)
- Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Twitter the U.S. would take firm action 'against those who perpetrate violence against the people of Burma as they demand the restoration of their democratically elected government. (yahoo.com)
- R. strykeri was recently found in northern Burma(Myanmar) and has now also been confirmed in Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. (eurekalert.org)
- Travel to Myanmar (Burma) and discover mythical landscapes and amazing hospitality. (intrepidtravel.com)
- Our Myanmar (Burma) trips score an average of 4.85 out of 5 based on 874 reviews in the last year. (intrepidtravel.com)
- 2016 . "Armed Forces and Democratization in Myanmar: Why the US Military Should Engage the Tatmadaw. (cambridge.org)
- The current exodus, like the previous one in October 2016 that led 87,000 to flee , is being driven by a brutal government crackdown following attacks by armed Rohingya. (brookings.edu)
- The government has carried out mass firings of academics without due process, using dubious allegations of links to terrorism or the July 2016 coup plot. (hrw.org)
- IOM estimates there could be as many as 3 million Myanmar migrants living in Thailand as at 2016. (iom.int)
- Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi greets Pa'O ethnic delegates during a peace conference dinner reception at the convention center in Naypyitaw, Myanmar, on 31 August 2016. (crisisgroup.org)
- Total pharmaceutical expenditure is expected to grow 19 per cent per annum in the next three years, from US$ 600 million in 2016 to more than US$ 1 billion by the end of 2018 ( Source: Zuellig Pharma, Myanmar ). (austrade.gov.au)
- National League for Democracy (NLD) party leader Aung San Suu Kyi smiles as she arrives to attend Union Parliament in Naypyitaw, Myanmar, January 28, 2016. (csmonitor.com)
- Problems began when the government consolidated several payroll systems into one in February 2016. (rcinet.ca)
- Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement ," Working Papers DP-2016-27, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). (repec.org)
- Cox's Bazar (25 February 2018) - Six months after more than 688,000 refugees from Myanmar fled from mass violence to neighboring Bangladesh, providing continued support for medical treatment, sanitation, and shelter remain the most pressing needs. (einnews.com)
- Although Myanmar has refused to allow international fact-finding missions into the country, groups including the UN, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International, which interviewed Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, have documented atrocities committed by security forces. (brookings.edu)
- Proposal comes a week after collapse of second attempt to return thousands of refugees to Myanmar. (rfa.org)
- NEW YORK (Reuters) - Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said she spoke to U.S. President Donald Trump on Monday about Rohingya Muslims flooding into her country from Myanmar, but she expects no help from him as he has made clear how he feels about refugees. (reuters.com)
- I said 'it's doing very well, but the only problem that we have is the refugees from Myanmar'," Hasina told Reuters in an interview. (reuters.com)
- Since June 6, some 3,295 Karen refugees have fled from Ler Per Her camp in eastern Myanmar to Thailand, escaping attacks on the camp by the Myanmar military and their allies the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA), according to border sources. (thaindian.com)
- The are currently about 150,000 refugees from Myanmar living in various camps in Thailand. (thaindian.com)
- Although the governments of Bangladesh and Myanmar say they will proceed with a voluntary repatriation scheme in the coming weeks, there is little enthusiasm among Rohingya refugees for returning to the site of what Western governments have labeled ethnic cleansing . (nytimes.com)
- Rohingya refugees, who fled to Bangladesh after the Myanmar military's violent campaign against the Muslim minority group last year, are being asked to return to Myanmar, but some refugees are reluctant to leave. (waaytv.com)
- Rohingya refugees who fled a brutal army crackdown last year say they are terrified of going back to Myanmar, as authorities begin the process of repatriating thousands of people living in crowded refugee camps near the Bangladeshi border. (waaytv.com)
- Bangladesh and Myanmar were set to start the repatriation of 2,260 Rohingya refugees to Rakhine State on Thursday, however by late afternoon no Rohingya families had volunteered to return, according to Bangladeshi authorities. (waaytv.com)
- The UN refugee agency (UNHCR), which is not facilitating returns but has assessed the willingness of those chosen to go back, said the conditions in Myanmar are not conducive for refugees to be repatriated. (waaytv.com)
- As word spread that some refugees were on a list of more than 2,000 approved by Myanmar to return, several families went into hiding, fearing they would be forced back. (waaytv.com)
- UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said on Tuesday that "we are witnessing terror and panic" among the refugees "who are at imminent risk of being returned to Myanmar against their will," and she called on the Bangladesh government to halt repatriations. (waaytv.com)
- Pope Francis asked for forgiveness Friday from refugees in Bangladesh for all the hurt and persecution they have endured, demanded their rights be recognized and pronounced the word he had so assiduously avoided only days earlier in Myanmar: "Rohingya. (nbcdfw.com)
- DHAKA: Rohingya refugees are still arriving in Bangladesh as violence forces them to leave Myanmar, according to a report released over the weekend. (arabnews.com)
- This week, Rohingya refugees were still arriving in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh - the New Year bringing no end to the reports of violence and fears, which forced them to flee their homes in Myanmar," said the report by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). (arabnews.com)
- Rohingya refugees from the Arakan state of Myanmar continue to enter Bangladesh while authorities of both countries discuss the process of refugee repatriation starting this month. (arabnews.com)
- The refugees narrated the ongoing atrocities by the Myanmar army in Rakhine. (arabnews.com)
- STRIFE between Uighurs and Han Chinese, refugees pouring in from Myanmar, and heightening tensions with India are examples of problems that face China on its edges. (toledoblade.com)
- Since June, he has worked in the primary health center (PHC) in the Nayapara refugee camp in Teknaf, Bangladesh, where tens of thousands of ethnic Rohingya refugees have settled after fleeing targeted violence and persecution in Myanmar. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
- Bangladeshi authorities on Sunday took steps to restrict the movement of Muslim Rohingya refugees fleeing violence in Myanmar into crowded border camps and started immunising tens of thousands of children against diseases. (france24.com)
- Eric P. Schwartz, head of the US -based charity Refugees International and a former assistant secretary of state for population, refugees and migration, said he couldn't recall seeing so much misery in the camps and called for international pressure on Myanmar to stop the violence. (france24.com)
- Left out of the talks between Myanmar and Bangladesh were the fears and concerns of the refugees themselves, 'as if they are an inert mass of people who will go where and when they are told,' Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch, told Reuters in an email. (com.sa)
- With armed conflict between the Myanmar military and Arakan Army in Rakhine State amid a pandemic, it's critical for civilians to get the information needed to stay safe. (vice.com)
- And a conflict in Rakhine state between the Buddhist majority and a Muslim minority, known as the Rohingya, has resulted in thousands of Muslims being killed or sent to detainment camps, under the eye of a government rife with prejudice. (latimes.com)
- A Myanmar military response to insurgent attacks last month in the country's Rakhine state sent more than 410,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing to neighboring Bangladesh, escaping what the United Nations has branded as ethnic cleansing. (reuters.com)
- After a wave of targeted violence against the Rohingya, more than 620,000 people fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine State in Myanmar since 25 August. (msf.ie)
- The Myanmar authorities' restrictions on international aid in Rakhine state is putting tens of thousands of lives at risk in a region where mainly Rohingya people are already suffering horrific abuses from a disproportionate military campaign. (scoop.co.nz)
- Still, she and her younger brother, Khairul Amin, made it to safety in southeastern Bangladesh, where refugee camps now house far more Rohingya than remain in their homeland in Rakhine State in Myanmar. (nytimes.com)
- The stateless Rohingya have long been a persecuted minority in Myanmar that have been kept in apartheid-like conditions across Rakhine State, where they are subjected to restrictions on movement, medical care and even births . (waaytv.com)
- There is an acute crisis of food," said Farida Begum, 29, who lived in the Buthidhang area under Rakhine state of Myanmar. (arabnews.com)
- Johura Begum lost 14 of her 16 family members when members of the Myanmar military attacked her village in Rakhine state. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
- In March 2018, UN Special Rapporteur Yanghee Lee said the crimes against Rohingya in Myanmar "bear the hallmarks of genocide. (hrw.org)
- In 2018 I was in Myanmar for a workshop, and at that time there was a big opening, and an invitation by the Myanmar government to call people and scientists from all over the world to participate in exploring the northern Andaman Sea and the coast of Myanmar. (mizzima.com)
- People protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi against the genocide of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. (hindustantimes.com)
- The move comes against the backdrop of a large number of Rohingya Muslims fleeing Myanmar and seeking refuge following a crackdown by the military in the Rakhine province. (hindustantimes.com)
- The United Nations has called on Southeast Asian nations not to push back the boatloads of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar and Bangladeshis - men, women and children who fled persecution and poverty at home, and now face sickness and starvation at sea. (reuters.com)
- More than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar since late August from mass persecution by the country's military, according to aide groups. (nbcdfw.com)
- DHAKA/COX'S BAZAAR - Bangladesh said on Tuesday it would complete the process of returning within two years many of the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who had fled a conflict in Myanmar, following a meeting of the neighbors. (com.sa)
- The government temporarily lifted restrictions in five townships from September 2019 until February 2020 when they were reinstated - just as the coronavirus outbreak was beginning to spread around the world. (vice.com)
- He told the 4th Emerging Asia Banking and FinTech Summit 2019 on Tuesday that Myanmar had fully drawn up the road map, which would be officially launched once approved by the cabinet. (consult-myanmar.com)
- During the twenty years of military rule in Myanmar, Beijing minimized contact with Suu Kyi and the NLD out of consideration for the military government's sensitivity. (atimes.com)
- The shutdown calls into question the Myanmar government's commitment to preventing the spread of the virus, particularly in ethnic minority areas. (vice.com)
- The International Aid Effort is Still Being Hampered by the Myanmar Government's Refusal to Grant Visas. (prweb.com)
- They hide behind the arcane and ultimately destructive policy of non-interference, repeating the demonstrably false claim that the Myanmar government's persecution of Rohingya is an 'internal affair'," he wrote in the Jakarta Post on Sunday. (reuters.com)
- Third, for multinational healthcare companies, the Myanmar government's expanded funding for healthcare over the last twelve months is an important signal for further investment. (forbes.com)
- In fact, it expelled Charles Petrie, the head of the United Nations Development Programme in Myanmar and the UN's resident coordinator, for releasing a UN Country Team's statement on 24 October, which deplored the government's lack of attention to the growing humanitarian crisis. (jhu.edu)
- China is otherwise the Myanmar government's best friend and greatest protector. (toledoblade.com)
- Repatriation is not recommended as a durable solution unless Myanmar becomes a safe place for return. (springer.com)
- Despite the ongoing atrocities in Rakhine, Bangladesh and Myanmar are now working on Rohingya refugee repatriation. (arabnews.com)
- The bilateral repatriation plan, which Myanmar said would begin next Tuesday, was greeted with some skepticism from NGOs, who said it did not adequately address questions of safety, livelihoods and permanent resettlement. (com.sa)
- A Myanmar agency set up to oversee repatriation said last week two temporary 'repatriation and assessment camps' and one other site had been set up to accommodate returnees. (com.sa)
- Jovi Seet, who manages PriceWaterhouseCooper's efforts in Myanmar , noted that foreign direct investments into Myanmar are thus far being directed at many of the country's longest standing problem areas: "If you think about where the country most needs development - physical infrastructure, power, connectivity - there has been improvement in allowing FDI in these areas. (forbes.com)
- Neither the government nor any of the international groups or actors, however, has managed to come up with concrete, workable, or sustainable plans to solve the economic crisis in ways that could or would address the needs of the country's various impoverished communities. (jhu.edu)
- While the recent political reforms in Myanmar hold promise for the country's future, its long-neglected healthcare system faces a number of challenges before it can deliver effective and affordable care to the people. (bangkokpost.com)
- Although the government increased spending on healthcare in 2013, the rise brought healthcare spending to 3.9% of the country's total budget. (bangkokpost.com)
- Come and see why, even when the country's reputation might have chilled, Myanmar still has the ability to stir. (intrepidtravel.com)
- In the 1980s and 90s, many fled the civil war in Myanmar and sought refuge in Thailand, where they integrated with the local Thai people and are still living in the country. (worldatlas.com)
- Although some have assimilated into the local Thai population, a majority continue to live in abject poverty in refugee camps along the border of Thailand and Myanmar. (worldatlas.com)
- KUALA LUMPUR/KOH LIPE, Thailand (Reuters) - Malaysia prodded Myanmar on Sunday to halt the exodus from its shores as concern grew for uncounted migrants adrift in rickety boats around the Andaman Sea. (reuters.com)
- Migration within Myanmar and across its long borders, which cover Thailand, Laos, China, India and Bangladesh, is subject to a range of drivers which are complex and are critical in affecting how and why people decide to move. (iom.int)
- and investors from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia have set up a number of joint ventures in Myanmar. (austrade.gov.au)
- The agency said it was 'emptying' stockpiles of tents and plastic sheeting in neighboring Thailand for urgent dispatch to Myanmar. (cnn.com)
- Japanese companies have invested in Myanmar through other countries, especially neighbouring countries, like Thailand and Singapore. (nationmultimedia.com)
- So it is very important for Myanmar to increase the quality of products and, at the same time, to increase production for exports, as you need to compete with other Asean countries such as Thailand and Vietnam. (nationmultimedia.com)
- Up to 40% OFF Sailing trips to Cuba, Bahamas, Thailand and Myanmar. (intrepidtravel.com)
- Since Myanmar is a member country of the United Nations and as the government has declared it would work with the U.N., we earnestly underscore the need to urgently implement the demands made by the Security Council," the NLD said. (nownews.com)
- The United Nations said last week that the deadly pattern of migration across the Bay of Bengal would continue unless Myanmar ended discrimination. (reuters.com)
- U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley urged the Myanmar government to end military operations, grant humanitarian access, and commit to aiding the safe return of civilians to their homes. (reuters.com)
- WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The United Nations and the Red Cross began distributing relief supplies Tuesday to people affected by the devastating cyclone that killed at least 22,000 people in Myanmar on Friday. (cnn.com)
- Rights activists and the United Nations say the Myanmar government needs to end all political detentions. (dailymirror.lk)
- The government of Aung San Suu Kyi ordered telecoms companies to block mobile internet coverage in nine townships across the two states on June 20 last year, as clashes between the Myanmar military and troops from the ethnic Arakan Army escalated. (vice.com)
- Clashes between the Kokang rebels and government troops in Myanmar since February have left hundreds dead and forced thousands more people to flee. (voanews.com)
- The clashes have come as the nominally civilian government is making efforts to sign a nationwide cease-fire with more than a dozen rebel groups that have been fighting for self-rule for decades. (voanews.com)
- The Muslim minority is denied citizenship by the state and has been the target of festering Islamaophobia in mainly Buddhist Myanmar for years. (ndtv.com)
- A clampdown by Thailand's military junta has made a well-trodden trafficking route into Malaysia - one of Southeast Asia's wealthiest economies - too risky for criminals who prey on Rohingya fleeing oppression in Buddhist-majority Myanmar and on Bangladeshis looking for better livelihoods abroad. (reuters.com)
- The campaign has included the burning of Rohingya villages and fleeing Rohingya have described rape and shootings by Myanmar soldiers and Buddhist mobs that left them no option but to make the dangerous and sometimes deadly journey through jungles and by sea to Bangladesh. (nbcdfw.com)
- Citing the three important players - the government, army and the Buddhist community of Myanmar - he says the "political government of the country needs to take the initiative and create a friendly environment so that the Rohingyas feel confident going back to their place," he said. (arabnews.com)
- The government of Myanmar holds landmark peace talks with armed ethnic groups as part of efforts to bring an end to decades of conflict. (com.ng)
- The official insisted that Myanmar does not allow shadow banking to prevent conflict of interest between banks and mobile financial services. (consult-myanmar.com)
- LINCANG, China-When warplanes involved in fighting over northern Myanmar streaked across the border into China, an errant bomb killed Chinese farmers and put Beijing in a bind over a conflict it has tried to avoid. (wsj.com)
- The new central government of the nation quickly worked to consolidate its power, marginalizing and angering tribal leaders and setting off more than a decade of armed conflict. (wikitravel.org)
- The ominous signs of potential conflict drew attention outside Myanmar, with the U.S. reiterating that it stood with the people of Myanmar. (yahoo.com)
- Malaysia, which says it has already taken in 120,000 illegal migrants from Myanmar, has made it clear that it wants no more and its deputy prime minister said on Sunday that Myanmar must now take responsibility. (reuters.com)
- However, there has been no sign yet of a coordinated response from regional governments over what to do with some 2,500 migrants who have landed in Malaysia and Indonesia over the past week or some 5,000 others still stranded at sea. (reuters.com)
- White House spokesman Eric Schultz said that Washington continued to raise its concerns with Myanmar over the migrants "because of dire humanitarian and economic situations they face at home out of fear of ethnic and religious violence. (reuters.com)
- The protection of migrants within Myanmar and in their destination countries is a national priority for the Government. (iom.int)
- Migrants are often vulnerable to poorer health access and treatment and IOM works with the Myanmar Government and a range of international and local partners to improve migrant health outcomes. (iom.int)
- Myanmar migrants in the region send large amounts of remittances which help boost the economy, much of it through unofficial channels. (iom.int)
- Promoting the mainstreaming of migrant issues into Government policy and programmes, building capacity of our partners and ensuring effective advocacy and protection of Myanmar migrants are national priorities for the management migration in Myanmar. (iom.int)
- State-run TV and radio issued a statement Friday arguing that conditions inside Myanmar - a reference to the anti government protests that were violently suppressed by troops on Sept. 26 and 27 - were not the concern of the outside world. (nownews.com)
- They say ongoing attacks by government troops will force them to take the offensive. (rfa.org)
- Fighting between Kokang rebels and Myanmar government troops. (wsj.com)
- Fighting in the Per Her area started June 2 and intensified Friday when some 900 Myanmar and DKBA troops launched multiple mortar attacks on the camp near the Thai-Myanmar border, Karen sources said. (thaindian.com)
- Ethnic Kokang rebels fighting against government troops in northeastern Myanmar declared a unilateral ceasefire on Thursday. (voanews.com)
- Practitioners and policymakers from governments, international organizations and NGOs will benefit from its findings. (springer.com)
- For the last several decades, the WHO , UN and various NGOs have all made up the difference between what a functioning public healthcare system should have been able to provide - in particular with respect to communicable diseases - and what little the government system was actually capable of delivering. (forbes.com)
- The French foreign minister suggested the creation of a trust fund, which will be administered by non-government organizations (NGOs) to help ordinary people set up businesses. (jhu.edu)
- To ensure its 56m people have access to better care, and mindful of the challenges, the administration is increasingly open to assistance from foreign governments, NGOs and private firms. (oxfordbusinessgroup.com)
- But Tindyebwa acknowledges that for all the benefits the web might bring, governments are also as a result able to spy on the activities of citizens and NGOs. (euractiv.com)
- A visa-free movement regime (FMR) exists in the four states along the Indo-Myanmar border, under which people from both countries can stay for up to 72 hours in the area with effective and valid permits issued by the designated authorities on either side. (hindustantimes.com)
- This latest campaign of violence against Rohingya comes in the context of a long history of abuse and discrimination against Rohingya women by Myanmar authorities. (hrw.org)
- Recently the U.N. also highlighted disturbing reports of Myanmar authorities laying landmines along the Bangladesh-Myanmar border. (brookings.edu)
- But he stressed that the authorities at all levels recognized the problems and pointed to positive measures taken by the Government, such as the establishment of monitoring mechanisms to visit places of detention and proposals to amend the criminal code to include torture. (scoop.co.nz)
- In 1961, more than 200 ethnic leaders from the Shan people, Kachin people, Red Karen, Karen people, Chin peoples, Mon people and Rakhine people met with ethnic Bamar (Burmese) central government authorities to draft a new form of government which would ensure the tribes both autonomy and self-determination within a federal system. (wikitravel.org)
- This volume examines the protracted refugee situation at the Thai-Myanmar border. (springer.com)
- Bangladesh has repeatedly said that no one will be forced to go back to Myanmar, but with little information given to those living in a sprawling refugee camp at Cox's Bazar, the process has been steeped in rumor, fear and uncertainty. (waaytv.com)
- We are scared to return to Myanmar because if we go they will kill us," 51-year-old Rohingya refugee Majeda told CNN. (waaytv.com)
- No refugee in Bangladesh should be forced into hiding because they think they will be forced back to Myanmar. (waaytv.com)
- At the outset of the refugee crisis, the Bangladesh government had drawn very good international attention through its diplomatic efforts, which recently seems to have dimmed. (arabnews.com)
- The international migration agency fears a continuation of violence against Rohingyas in the new year, which has compelled them to leave the Myanmar and live an austere life in Bangladesh's refugee camps. (arabnews.com)
- Refugee camps near Bangladesh's border with Myanmar already had about 3 lakh Rohingya before the upsurge in violence and are now overwhelmed. (mid-day.com)
- China's relationship with Aung San Suu Kyi was largely suppressed under the military government. (atimes.com)
- The military government, which rejected the results of the election, allegedly did not take kindly to China's initiative toward the NLD. (atimes.com)
- A large number of Rohingya Mulisms have fled Myanmar and are seeking refuge in India following a crackdown by the military in Rakhine province. (hindustantimes.com)
- The 15-member Security Council issued its first statement on Myanmar on Thursday in an attempt to pressure the military rulers - in charge of the isolated country since 1988 - to enter a dialogue with the opposition and make moves toward democratic reforms. (nownews.com)
- Why Does the Myanmar Military Rebuff the Work of the Constitutional Amendment Committee? (irrawaddy.com)
- As for Myanmar, U.S. President Barack Obama said in a routine note to Congress last week that Washington - while not curtailing engagement with Myanmar after decades of military rule - would maintain some sanctions on the country. (reuters.com)
- He says the military will crush any 'color revolution' that threatens the government. (rfa.org)
- The authors uncover this dynamic in Myanmar, a country transitioning from four decades of military rule. (cambridge.org)
- Fearing that the new civilian government will assert authority over jade mining, the military initiated violence in mining townships. (cambridge.org)
- As Myanmar started to transition in 2011, conflicts instigated by the military in jademining areas sharply rose. (cambridge.org)
- And what she has said and what the rest of her ministers have said have, on the contrary, aligned the civilian government with the military. (npr.org)
- Amnesty says those words, spoken by a military commander, sum up the mindset of Myanmar soldiers in dealing with the Muslim Rohingya, about 700 000 of whom have fled into Bangladesh. (news24.com)
- Certainly, though, the election will not bring full democracy to this nation, which spent nearly five decades under brutal military rule and the last five years under a quasi-civilian government. (csmonitor.com)
- Military leader General Ne Win led a coup d'etat which ousted the democratically elected government in 1962, and subsequently installed himself as leader. (wikitravel.org)
- General Ne Win dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. (wikitravel.org)
- The Myanmar military regime's harsh crackdown on popular demonstrations in September 2007 has generated intense international condemnation as well as other responses. (jhu.edu)
- The article emphasizes the need for simultaneously devising new strategies to put pressure upon the Myanmar military regime to undertake economic reforms that not only address inefficiencies and mismanagements, but most particularly resonant with the needs of the majority of the population in Myanmar. (jhu.edu)
- The assumption behind these punitive economic measures is that positive political developments are necessary for economic change, and therefore the Myanmar military regime must be required to implement some measures of democratic reform before sanctions are lifted and foreign aid and investment can return. (jhu.edu)
- Of the more than 655,000 Rohingya who have fled to Bangladesh since the Myanmar military began its crackdown in late August, around 380,000 are minors, according to Save the Children, the international aid organization. (nytimes.com)
- But the cooperation has frayed in the last decade as Myanmar has emerged from a half-century of isolation under a military junta. (nytimes.com)
- A deadlock appeared inevitable since the government and military continued to insist that only by signing the existing ceasefire agreement could armed groups join the peace process. (crisisgroup.org)
- After obtaining concessions from the Myanmar government and military, a Chinese envoy convinced representatives of the seven north-eastern armed groups to attend the conference. (crisisgroup.org)
- More than 720,000 Rohingya fled into Bangladesh following a systematic campaign by the Myanmar military that began in August last year. (waaytv.com)
- These are the winners in last fall's historic elections that saw pro-democracy parties roundly oust the military-led government. (csmonitor.com)
- A recent Reuters report noted that Myanmar was the only developing country in Southeast Asia where spending on the military is higher than combined spending on healthcare and education. (bangkokpost.com)
- Of 471 Rakhine villages selected for "clearance operations" by the military, 176 have been emptied, according to the Myanmar government, which has said it needs to clear out extremists. (theglobeandmail.com)
- Whenever I feel the pain [from the wound] or think about what the military people did in Myanmar, I remember that. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
- He said the US should re-impose sanctions on Myanmar that were in place before it made transition from military to civilian rule. (france24.com)
- The amnesty was one of at least a dozen the reformist, quasi-civilian government has granted since taking over in March 2011 from a military leadership. (dailymirror.lk)
- Fortify Rights also documented and analyzed the testimony of more than 17 witnesses to rapes in October and November, and from 14 Rohingya who provided additional information related to rape committed by Myanmar army soldiers in the above villages and other villages during that period. (hrw.org)
- Witnesses and survivors of rape described to Fortify Rights how Myanmar army soldiers gang raped Rohingya women and girls in homes, schools, paddy fields, forested areas, and other community buildings, often in plain view of other soldiers and civilians. (hrw.org)
- The Myanmar government has denied that its soldiers deliberately attacked unarmed Rohingya. (waaytv.com)
- Sakhina Begum, a Rohingya woman, watched soldiers set fire to her home in Myanmar. (theglobeandmail.com)
- But as she watched Thursday afternoon, five Myanmar soldiers approached, she said. (theglobeandmail.com)
- But in more than a dozen interviews on the border with Myanmar, The Globe learned that Myanmar soldiers continue to set fire to Rohingya homes and to attack those attempting to flee. (theglobeandmail.com)
- KELLY: We should mention, she is - she leads the civilian government in Myanmar. (npr.org)
- But at the same time, she hasn't said anything to differentiate the civilian government. (npr.org)
- But officials in Washington have been careful not to undermine the weak civilian government of Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, which took office last year, ending five decades of ruinous army rule. (france24.com)
Aung San Suu Kyi's1
President Barack Obama1
- In 2002, the Government of Myanmar approached the Indian Government to study the northern Andaman Sea. (mizzima.com)
- So there were twelve scientists from Myanmar, including some lady scientists, there were three of them who came to India and we went on this cruise, we studied the northern Andaman Sea. (mizzima.com)
- So this cruise of 35 days where India and Myanmar scientists participated has shown a very good understanding of the Andaman Sea, both in terms of climate, in terms of geology, in terms of fisheries, in terms of meteorology, every aspect, it has given a lot of information. (mizzima.com)
- The government said that 92 of these - mostly independent and ethnic news organizations - were providing "fake news. (vice.com)
- Government agencies stressed that vector control is important to tackle Zika infection, Xinhua news agency reported. (newsx.com)
- The Chinese government also exercises stringent control over the media, and has even managed to force non-governmental media agencies (such as News Corporation ) to follow the party line. (everything2.com)
- After a meeting between delegations of the two countries in Dhaka on Friday, Kamal said Bangladesh has listed around 1.1 million Myanmar nationals who have crossed the border. (einnews.com)
- Myanmar Home Minister Lt Gen Kyaw Swe arrived in Dhaka yesterday afternoon on a three-day visit to Bangladesh. (einnews.com)
- Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, wo lambasted Myanmar for 'atrocities' during a visit to border camps last week, left Dhaka to address the annual UN gathering in New York . (france24.com)
Million Myanmar nationals1
- The study of the oceans is crucial for countries such as India and Myanmar because it helps governments to predict and manage responses to climatic and ocean changes, particularly monsoon rains and drought, and the dangers posed by potentially deadly cyclones. (mizzima.com)
- Mizzima recently interviewed an Indian oceanography specialist Dr V Ramaswamy in Goa, India to discuss his work and cooperation with Myanmar to keep a close eye on the oceans and to allow the countries a better chance of handling extreme weather conditions - not least the type of damage seen in Myanmar as a result of 2008 Cyclone Nargis. (mizzima.com)
- There were twelve people from Myanmar and nineteen from India. (mizzima.com)
- So they have invited people from all over the world, so our views were sought, and many countries said that the basis of the studies is the work done by India and Myanmar in 2002. (mizzima.com)
Anti government protests1
- The ministry of home affairs (MHA) is reviewing the impact of a bilateral agreement with Myanmar , which allows free movement of people from the two countries within 16km of the Indo-Myanmar border. (hindustantimes.com)
- UNICEF has been working with the Government and the people of Myanmar since 1950. (unicef.org)
- The world's longest-running internet shutdown has left over a million people in Myanmar in the dark for a year, and many of those in the affected region don't even know about the global coronavirus pandemic. (vice.com)
- However, the vast majority of people in Myanmar rely on mobile internet to access online information. (vice.com)
- MSF calls on the Myanmar government to take action to ensure displaced people, and those cut off from services, have proper shelter and access to healthcare. (msf.org.uk)
- MSF has been providing healthcare in Myanmar since 1992, providing medical care to millions of people hailing from countless ethnic origins. (msf.org.uk)
- Across Myanmar, MSF provides more than 28,000 people with lifesaving anti-retroviral treatment for AIDS and was amongst the very first responders to cyclones Nargis and Giri providing medical assistance, survival items and clean water sources for tens of thousands of people. (msf.org.uk)
- The Kayan people of Myanmar are a subgroup of the Karenni people ( Red Karen). (worldatlas.com)
- The government of Myanmar will continue to implement the seven-step roadmap together with the people," the statement said, referring to the junta's plan that promises a new constitution and an eventual transition to democratic rule. (nownews.com)
- The Myanmar Investment Commission (MIC) has suggested that apparel stitching factories be set up in Ponnakyun, Sittwe in a bid to create job opportunities for local people and also stop migration. (consult-myanmar.com)
- Merlin , a UK specialist health charity is coordinating an emergency response to help the thousands of people affected by Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar. (prweb.com)
- The Myanmar government says about 400 people have been killed in the fighting. (reuters.com)
- Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi) should agree that these people belong to her country and that Myanmar is their country. (reuters.com)
- There are another half a million "internally displaced people" in camps in eastern Myanmar. (thaindian.com)
- Talking to this newspaper, Mozammel Haque Chowdhury, secretary general of Bangladesh Jatri Kalyan Samity, said, "The ill effort to victimise people and put the government in a precarious situation is not expected in any way. (thedailystar.net)
- Of the 53.9 million people living within Myanmar, 70 per cent live in rural areas. (iom.int)
- With only one doctor for every 2772 people and only one psychiatric hospital in the country, Myanmar ranks 190 out of 191 in overall health system performance, according to the World Health Organization. (austrade.gov.au)
- Foreign Minister Winston Peters today acknowledged the ruling of the International Court of Justice in relation to the Rohingya people in Myanmar. (beehive.govt.nz)
- The supplies should be enough for 10,000 people, the agency said, and will be distributed through a disaster management committee that has been established by the Myanmar government. (cnn.com)
- In Jaipur, Rajasthan's capital, a city of 30 lakh people that is bustling with traditional bazaars, offices and modern buildings, there are pockets where government beneficence does not reach and where hundreds of families work to eke out a survival without any social security. (newsblaze.com)
- Not only has the government failed to pay some people for weeks, but CBC-Radio-Canada now reveals that it has overpaid others for a total of almost $70 million and only about one-third of that has been recovered. (rcinet.ca)
- It is not a new development: in 2011, the Egyptian government cut internet and mobile access to 80 million people when protesters gathered in Cairo's Tahrir square. (euractiv.com)
- She is a big advocate of people publishing information about political and government leaders online and asking questions. (euractiv.com)
- Not only can governments get information on people but they can also prevent the spread of it. (euractiv.com)
- If the trend in southern Africa continues then most people are not going to know how to filter information and data, meaning there is a risk that the web will just be used as a manipulation tool by governments," he explained. (euractiv.com)
- Although governments are taking actions in protection the monkeys, but it's more important to improve the living standard of local people and heighten public awareness on conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and wildlife. (eurekalert.org)
- In a country like Myanmar, financial inclusion is a topic of growing importance. (consult-myanmar.com)
- The situation is exacerbating poverty in the country, although the government is taking measures to tackle it. (rfa.org)
- Within a country like Myanmar, several other pieces have to be in place for sustainable success. (forbes.com)
- First, as I shared last week , most policy analysts watching Myanmar are quick to point out, the country continues to struggle with a handful of unresolved political questions that have the potential to prove destabilizing, at least in the short-to-mid term. (forbes.com)
- But she's also said that Myanmar is a very young country and stressed that they face many, many problems. (npr.org)
- Regionally, Myanmar has grown to be the largest migration source country in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS). (iom.int)
- Pro-democracy demonstrations in 1988 were violently crushed, with general Saw Maung taking over in a coup and installing the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) to rule the country, now renamed Myanmar . (wikitravel.org)
- The Myanmar health care sector faces many challenges, however progress is being made in both the public and private sectors to improve access to services across the country for its 53 million citizens. (austrade.gov.au)
- Health solutions: The healthcare network in Myanmar is spread throughout the country. (austrade.gov.au)
- WASHINGTON (AP) - Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi is signaling guarded support for the easing of the remaining U.S. economic sanctions on her country. (spokesman.com)
- New Zealand has regained its position as the least corrupt country in the world for the second time under this Coalition Government, says Justice Minister Andrew Little. (beehive.govt.nz)
- Much of the country is without electricity, communications and transportation, according to Myanmar state radio and opposition sources. (cnn.com)
- The newly installed government has also put education at the heart of its reform agenda, recognising its potential for lifting the country out of poverty. (oxfordbusinessgroup.com)
- For a country like Myanmar that is just re-emerging from economic isolation, this is a huge undertaking. (worldbank.org)
- Even with increased investment in the healthcare sector, Myanmar faces a long list of challenges when it comes to improving healthcare in the country. (bangkokpost.com)
- The figures may have raised eyebrows in Myanmar, given the official statistics that showed that aggregate investment from Japan in the country stood at only $387.4 million at the end of January 2014. (nationmultimedia.com)
- Faltering government reforms and raging violence against ethnic minorities have led Obama and U.S. officials to downgrade their praise for Myanmar, which recently began to emerge from years of totalitarian rule and was quickly embraced by the Obama administration. (latimes.com)
- The EU, United States and other Western countries have increased aid and investment and suspended most sanctions, partly in response to Myanmar freeing of hundreds of political prisoners and other liberal reforms unimaginable under the juntas that ruled for 49 unbroken years. (dailymirror.lk)
- The Ministry of the Office of the Union Government is a ministry-level body that serves the Government of Myanmar. (wikipedia.org)
- In forming the Ministry of the Office of the Union Government, the office routine work will be carried out with the labor forces of the set-up of the Office of the Union Government. (wikipedia.org)
- While official estimates are that Myanmar only receives $118 million USD in remittances in 2015, the then Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security estimated that remittances could be as high as $8 billion USD. (iom.int)
- For example, according to a 2012 annual report published by the Myanmar Ministry of Health, rural health centres have only increased from 1,337 to 1,565 since 1988. (bangkokpost.com)
- A statement by the Bangladesh foreign ministry said the return effort envisages 'considering the family as a unit,' with Myanmar providing temporary shelter for those returning before rebuilding houses for them. (com.sa)
- A recent report from the Myanmar Ministry of Post and Telecom states that mobile penetration has reached 90% (or 89.38% rather), and the number of Internet users has reached 39 million, according to supply-side data. (lirneasia.net)
- In partnership with the Government and the civil society, UNICEF's current focus of work aims at reducing child mortality, improving access and quality of education and protecting children from violence, abuse and exploitation. (unicef.org)
- With implications beyond Myanmar, the authors argue that outgoing generals can use instability to retain rents where plausible challengers to state authority provide a pretense for violence. (cambridge.org)
- Despite calls from international rights groups for stronger action to stop the violence in Myanmar, there appears to be little appetite within the wider international community for more robust intervention, writes Lynn Kuok. (brookings.edu)
- The region's leaders must show compassion for the Rohingya and push Myanmar to take steps to end the violence, discrimination, and persecution that forced out the Rohingya. (msf.org.au)
- Fire consumes the home of Sakhina Begum, a Rohingya woman, on Thursday amid a continued campaign of violence in Myanmar. (theglobeandmail.com)
- The State and Region Governments (Burmese: ပြည်နယ်နှင့်တိုင်းဒေသကြီးအစိုးရအဖွဲ့များ) are the sub-cabinet of each states and regions of Myanmar. (wikipedia.org)
- MANDALAY, Myanmar - On a recent sweltering afternoon on the Irrawaddy River, about 10 miles upstream from the city of Mandalay, a Burmese fisherman tapped a small teak dowel against the hull of his squat wooden boat, producing a xylophonic beat. (nytimes.com)
- Instead, the Myanmar government puts the blame on Western economic sanctions for the nation's economic woes. (jhu.edu)
- U.S. officials are reportedly set to urge that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson formally declare ethnic cleansing is going on as lawmakers seek new sanctions against Myanmar. (nbcdfw.com)
Ethnic armed groups5
- The historical talks involving the largest number of ethnic armed groups came two days after leaders of 17 ethnic armed groups signed an 11-point framework agreement themselves in Laiza of the state to prepare for a nationwide ceasefire deal with the government. (philippinestoday.net)
- The ethnic armed groups' 11-point draft framework agreement, which mainly called for holding political dialogue with the government soonest after the latter promises a ceasefire with all the groups, will be presented for the two-day talks. (philippinestoday.net)
- The government side was headed by Vice Chairman of the Central Peace-Making Work Committee U Aung Min, while the 15 ethnic armed groups were represented by their leaders. (philippinestoday.net)
- The Myitgyina talks are expected to work out a comprehensive ceasefire paper for the final signing of a nationwide ceasefire accord between the government and the ethnic armed groups. (philippinestoday.net)
- A total of 17 ethnic armed groups signed an 11-point framework agreement among themselves at the closing of their four-day Conference of Leaders of Ethnic Armed Groups in the border town of Laiza, northernmost Kachin state, for further negotiation for a nationwide ceasefire with the government. (philippinestoday.net)
Lived in Myanmar for generations2
- Myanmar terms the Rohingya "Bengalis", a name most Rohingya reject because it implies they are immigrants from neighboring Bangladesh despite having lived in Myanmar for generations. (reuters.com)
- Myanmar doesn't acknowledge them as a local ethnic group and won't give them citizenship, even though they have lived in Myanmar for generations. (nbcdfw.com)
- KELLY: Well, and - did she dispute in any way the scale of this horrific exodus we're witnessing - something like 400,000 Rohingya who've fled Myanmar across the border into Bangladesh? (npr.org)
- China has complained of cross-border firing several times and urged Myanmar to restore stability. (voanews.com)
- The British government has recently announced its intention to increase its cross-border aid to internally displaced peoples and its support for pro-democracy and human rights projects. (jhu.edu)
- Most of the Rohingya are arriving by foot or boat across Bangladesh's border with Myanmar. (mid-day.com)
- The event had been delayed by three months as the government struggled to convince more armed groups to sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA). (crisisgroup.org)
- As a result, fifteen of 21 armed groups were present for the opening - the eight that signed the ceasefire agreement and the seven in the new Wa alliance - a symbolically important win for the government. (crisisgroup.org)
- They remain unwilling to sign the current ceasefire agreement and the government remains unwilling to revise it. (crisisgroup.org)
- But even if citizens in the affected region were able to get online, the government has also blocked thousands of websites. (vice.com)
- The Rohingya are a stateless minority group, not recognised as citizens by the Government of Myanmar. (msf.org.uk)
- Although she was prohibited from becoming the President due to a clause in the constitution - her late husband and children are foreign citizens - she assumed the newly created role of State Counsellor , a role akin to a Prime Minister or a head of government . (wikipedia.org)
- It will assess the rationale behind these varying measures and their impacts upon Myanmar citizens, the economy, and the regime's survival and future prospects. (jhu.edu)
- When Myanmar opened to the West, one of the first sectors multinationals were most excited to pursue was the healthcare market. (forbes.com)
- While government spending on healthcare is increasing, much of what will drive the growth for multinationals in Myanmar will be out of pocket spending by individual consumers. (forbes.com)
- While the increase is promising, Myanmar remains one of the world's lowest countries in terms of total money allocated to healthcare. (bangkokpost.com)
- According to the World Bank, Myanmar is in the lowest percentile for government effectiveness, regulatory quality, and control of corruption-all key factors when it comes to ensuring that the increased spending on healthcare reaches intended targets. (bangkokpost.com)
- However, it is important that the government also play a role in contributing to reliable, consistent, and long-term data collection and analysis that can help identify priorities in healthcare delivery and investment. (bangkokpost.com)
- Because Myanmar faces a long road in rebuilding its ailing healthcare system, a strategic and measured approach must be employed. (bangkokpost.com)
- In Urumqi, in the Xinjiang region, Han Chinese, brought there by Beijing to water down the Muslim, independent-thinking Uighurs, claim that Uighurs are attacking them in the streets with hypodermic needles filled with the AIDS virus, and complain the government isn't doing enough to protect them. (toledoblade.com)
- The explosion a week and a half ago came after jets had circled the frontier for days, occasionally bombing targets in the Myanmar region of Kokang. (wsj.com)
- The government of Myanmar, in advance of elections set for next year, allegedly clamped down militarily on separatists in the Kokang region, which borders China. (toledoblade.com)
- The population of the Kayan is estimated at 130,000, of whom more than half live in Myanmar. (worldatlas.com)
- Dwindling numbers of the endangered dolphins live in freshwater rivers and bays, including in Bangladesh and Indonesia, but only the population in Myanmar has been definitively documented as cooperating with humans. (nytimes.com)
- In Myanmar, 60% of the population consists of mothers and children, and they are the groups most vulnerable to anemia. (ajtmh.org)
- The president's advisors say he has too much invested to walk away from Myanmar, and he doesn't see the current troubles as a death knell for the democracy movement. (latimes.com)
- This time, however, there is hope that the election will move Myanmar a step closer to democracy. (csmonitor.com)
- Critics have called for Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi , the democracy icon and Nobel winner, to be stripped of her peace laureate. (theglobeandmail.com)