The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Four individuals derived from four FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
An infant during the first month after birth.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
A unisexual reproduction without the fusion of a male and a female gamete (FERTILIZATION). In parthenogenesis, an individual is formed from an unfertilized OVUM that did not complete MEIOSIS. Parthenogenesis occurs in nature and can be artificially induced.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
A family of snakes comprising the boas, anacondas, and pythons. They occupy a variety of habitats through the tropics and subtropics and are arboreal, aquatic or fossorial (burrowing). Some are oviparous, others ovoviviparous. Contrary to popular opinion, they do not crush the bones of their victims: their coils exert enough pressure to stop a prey's breathing, thus suffocating it. There are five subfamilies: Boinae, Bolyerinae, Erycinae, Pythoninae, and Tropidophiinae. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p315-320)
Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
Female parents, human or animal.
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
An experimental animal model for central nervous system demyelinating disease. Inoculation with a white matter emulsion combined with FREUND'S ADJUVANT, myelin basic protein, or purified central myelin triggers a T cell-mediated immune response directed towards central myelin. The pathologic features are similar to MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, including perivascular and periventricular foci of inflammation and demyelination. Subpial demyelination underlying meningeal infiltrations also occurs, which is also a feature of ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED. Passive immunization with T-cells from an afflicted animal to a normal animal also induces this condition. (From Immunol Res 1998;17(1-2):217-27; Raine CS, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p604-5)
The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body's vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.
Irradiation directly from the sun.

Births: final data for 1997. (1/76)

OBJECTIVES: This report presents 1997 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown including teenage birth rates and total fertility rates, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1997 are presented. RESULTS: Birth and fertility rates declined very slightly in 1997. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 5 percent. Rates for women in their twenties changed very little, whereas rates for women in their thirties rose 2 percent. The number of births and the birth rate for unmarried women each declined slightly in 1997 while the percent of births that were to unmarried women was unchanged. Smoking by pregnant women overall dropped again in 1997, but continued to increase among teenagers. Improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate increased slightly after declining for 7 consecutive years. The proportion of multiple birth continued to rise; higher order multiple births (e.g., triplets, quadruplets) rose by 14 percent in 1997, following a 20 percent rise from 1995 to 1996. Key measures of birth outcome--the percents of low birthweight and preterm births--increased, with particularly large increases in the preterm rate. These changes are in large part the result of increases in multiple births.  (+info)

Natural variation in the human sex ratio. (2/76)

Analysis of the effect of multiple birth, birth order, age of parents and the sexes of preceding siblings on the secondary sex ratio was performed for 815 891 children, born in Denmark, 1980-1993. The proportion of males was analysed as a function of multiple birth, birth order, age of parents and the sexes of preceding siblings, using contingency tables, chi(2) tests and logistic regression analysis. The secondary sex ratio decreased with increased number of children per plural birth and with paternal age, whereas no independent effect was observed for maternal age, birth order, the sex of the preceding child, or the combination of sexes of previously born children in the family.  (+info)

Cerebral palsy and multiple births in China. (3/76)

BACKGROUND: A population-based study on prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiple births has not been carried out in China. The purpose of this paper was to determine the prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiple births and to explore the influence of multiple pregnancy on cerebral palsy after controlling for birthweight. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of cerebral palsy was carried out among 388,192 children aged <7 years in seven cities of Jiangsu province in China. Information about birthweight and plurality was obtained from routine health care records. Pediatricians at city level diagnosed all cases. All the doctors involved had taken part in a training programme held by Beijing Medical University. Stratified analysis by birthweight and its standard normal deviate was employed to compare the prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiples and singletons. RESULTS: The prevalence of cerebral palsy for children aged <7 years in multiples was 9.7 per 1000 children (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.5-14.0), which was 6.5 times that in singletons (95% CI: 4.4-9.3). The overall neonatal mortality rate was 60.9 per 1000 liveborn multiples, being highest (944.4 per 1000) in the 500-999 g birthweight groups. Most liveborn multiples weighing <1500 g at birth probably died from diseases related to very low birthweight prior to this study. The prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiple births was likely to be higher than that reported in developed countries for children weighing 1500-2499 g even though our data were from a cross-sectional study. When stratified by birthweight, the prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiples weighing <2500 g had tended to be lower than that of singletons in the same birthweight group. In contrast, in normal birthweight categories multiple births had a higher prevalence of cerebral palsy than singletons. When stratified by birthweight normal deviate, the prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiple births was uniformly higher than that in singletons in all birthweight strata and the prevalence of cerebral palsy among multiples appeared to be augmented as birthweight increased. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiples, 9.7 per 1000 children, is 6.5 times that in singletons. Survival of low birthweight infants is lower in China than in developed countries and survival quality of Chinese children weighing 1500-2499 g needs to be further improved. In terms of birthweight multiples and singletons may be heterogeneous. It might be difficult to directly use actual birthweight specific prevalence to compare the prevalence of cerebral palsy in multiples and singletons. Birthweight normal deviate specific prevalence of cerebral palsy suggests that multiple pregnancy is an independent risk factor for cerebral palsy in all birthweight groups. Multiples are in adverse circumstances very early in gestation and as the foetus matures the risk of cerebral palsy increases.  (+info)

Multiple births and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. (4/76)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Prevailing hypotheses about the causes of ovarian carcinogenesis predict that women with a history of multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.) should be at increased risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the scant available evidence suggests that they may actually be at lower risk. To resolve this issue, we pooled data from eight studies involving 2859 parous women with epithelial ovarian cancer (case patients) and 7434 parous women without ovarian cancer (control women). In addition to assessing their history of multiple births (and the sex of the children, where available), we obtained information on age, parity, oral contraceptive use, and other reproductive factors for each woman. Details of tumor histology were available for all case patients. We estimated the relative risks of various histologic types of ovarian cancers associated with multiple births by using multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusting for matching and confounding variables. RESULTS: Among these parous women, 73 case patients (2. 6%) and 257 control women (3.5%) had a history of multiple births. The adjusted summary odds ratio (OR) for developing all types of epithelial ovarian cancer that are associated with multiple births was 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.61-1.08). We found no evidence that risks associated with multiple births differed among women with borderline or invasive tumors and among women with same-sex and opposite-sex offspring from multiple births. The risk reductions appeared specific for nonmucinous tumors (n = 2453; summary adjusted OR = 0.71 [95% CI = 0.52-0.98]); in contrast, associations with mucinous tumors (n = 406) were heterogeneous across studies. CONCLUSIONS: Parous women with nonmucinous ovarian cancer are no more likely to have a history of multiple births than other parous women, counter to the predictions of current hypotheses for causes of ovarian cancer.  (+info)

Contribution of assisted reproductive technology and ovulation-inducing drugs to triplet and higher-order multiple births--United States, 1980-1997. (5/76)

In the United States, pregnancies associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) or ovulation-inducing drugs are more likely to result in multiple births than spontaneously conceived pregnancies (1). In addition, triplet and higher-order multiple births are at greater risk than singleton births to be preterm (< or = 37 completed weeks' gestation), low birthweight (LBW) (i.e., < or = 2500 g), or very low birthweight (i.e., < 1500 g), resulting in higher infant morbidity and mortality (2). Because preterm and LBW infants often require costly neonatal care and long-term developmental follow-up, the continuing increase in triplet and higher-order multiple births causes concern among health-care providers and policymakers (3). This report provides estimates of the contribution of ART and ovulation-inducing drugs to these birth outcomes for 1996 and 1997, and summarizes trends during 1980-1997, which indicate that the ratio of triplet and higher-order multiple births has more than quadrupled and that a large proportion of this increase can be attributed to ART or the use of ovulation-inducing drugs.  (+info)

Offspring risk and sibling risk for multilocus traits. (6/76)

The recurrence risk of a trait in a relative of type R is the probability that an individual who is in relationship of type R to an affected proband has the trait. It is intuitively clear that closer relationships lead to higher recurrence risks. However, no exact analysis of this phenomenon has been presented for multilocus traits. We prove a theorem that shows how recurrence risks are influenced by the degree of closeness of the relationship R. For example, our theorem implies that sibling risk is always higher than offspring risk. The loci influencing the trait are assumed to be autosomal and unlinked, but arbitrary epistasis between the loci is allowed. We give a detailed proof of the theorem by using stochastic matrices. A shorter proof based on the additive and dominance genetic variances is also sketched. Additionally, we also give some empirical results and discuss generalizations of the theorem.  (+info)

Live-birth rates and multiple-birth risk of assisted reproductive technology pregnancies conceived using thawed embryos, USA 1999-2000. (7/76)

BACKGROUND: Increasing use of assisted reproductive technology treatments has been associated with the current rise in multiple births in the USA. Embryo cryopreservation and subsequent thawed embryo transfer may favourably impact the multiple-birth risk by relieving some pressure that patients and providers may feel to transfer several embryos in a single cycle. The study objective was to examine both live-birth rates and multiple-birth risk in thawed cycles. METHODS: The authors used a population-based sample of 21 555 assisted reproductive technology procedures performed in US clinics in 1999 and 2000 that used thawed embryos derived from the patient's oocytes. RESULTS: Both patient age and the number of embryos transferred were independent predictors of live birth. Even among women aged 20-29 years, the transfer of three embryos resulted in an increase in the live-birth rate compared with cycles in which one or two embryos were transferred. This increase in success was accompanied by an increased multiple-birth risk. In all age groups up to 40 years, the transfer of just two embryos resulted in a multiple-birth risk of 16-17%. The multiple-birth risk increased with the number of embryos transferred. CONCLUSIONS: Patient age and the number of embryos transferred significantly affect live-birth and multiple-birth rates among women who use thawed embryos.  (+info)

Assisted reproductive technology surveillance--United States, 2000. (8/76)

PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States to determine medical center-specific pregnancy success rates, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization and related procedures). Patients who undergo ART treatments are more likely to deliver multiple-birth infants than women who conceive naturally. Multiple births are associated with increased risk for mothers and infants (e.g., pregnancy complications, premature delivery, low-birthweight infants, and long-term disability among infants). REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2000. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: CDC contracts with a professional society, the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), to obtain data from fertility medical centers located in the United States. Since 1997, CDC has compiled data related to ART procedures. The Assisted Reproductive Technology Surveillance System was initiated by CDC in collaboration with the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology, and RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association. RESULTS: In 2000, a total of 25,228 live-birth deliveries and 35,025 infants resulting from 99,629 ART procedures were reported to CDC from 383 medical centers that performed ART in the United States and U.S. territories. Nationally, 75,516 (76%) of ART treatments were freshly fertilized embryos using the patient's eggs; 13,312 (13%) were thawed embryos using the patient's eggs; 7,919 (8%) were freshly fertilized embryos from donor eggs; and 2,882 (3%) were thawed embryos from donor eggs. The national live-birth delivery per transfer rate was 30.8%. The five states that reported the highest number of ART procedures were California (13,194), New York (11,239), Massachusetts (8,041), Illinois (7,323), and New Jersey (5,506). These five states also reported the highest number of live-birth deliveries and infants born as a result of ART. Overall, 47% of women undergoing ART-transfer procedures using freshly fertilized embryos from their own eggs were aged <35 years; 23% were aged 35-37 years; 19% were aged 38-40 years; 7% were aged 41-42 years; and 4% were aged >42 years. Among ART treatments in which freshly fertilized embryos from the patient's eggs were used, substantial variation in patient age, infertility diagnoses, history of past infertility treatment, and past births was observed. Nationally, live-birth rates were highest for women aged <35 years (38%). The risk for a multiple-birth delivery was highest for women who underwent ART-transfer procedures using freshly fertilized embryos from either donor eggs (40%) or from their own eggs (35%). Among women who underwent ART-transfer procedures using freshly fertilized embryos from their own eggs, further variation by patient age and number of embryos transferred was observed. Of the 35,025 infants born, 44% were twins, and 9% were triplet and higher order multiples, for a total multiple-infant birth rate of 53%. Patient's residing in states with the highest number of live-birth deliveries also reported the highest number of infants born in multiple-birth deliveries. INTERPRETATION: Whether an ART procedure was successful (defined as resulting in a pregnancy and live-birth delivery) varied according to different patient and treatment factors. Patient factors included the age of the woman undergoing ART, whether she had previously given birth, whether she had previously undergone ART, and the infertility diagnosis of both the female and male partners. Treatment factors included whether eggs were from the patient or a woman serving as an egg donor, whether the embryos were freshly fertilized or previously frozen and thawed, how long the embryos were kept in culture, how many embryos were transferred, and whether various specialized treatment procedures were used in conjunction with ART. ART poses a major risk for multiple births. This risk varied according to the patient's age, the type of ART procedure performed, and the number of embryos transferred. In addition, the increased risk for multiple births has a notable population impact in certain states. PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS: As use of ART and ART success rates continue to increase, ART-related multiple births are an increasingly important public health problem nationally and in many states. The proportion of infants born through ART in 2000 that were multiple births (53%) was substantially higher than in the general U.S. population during the same period. Data in this report indicate a need to reduce multiple births associated with ART. Efforts should be made to limit the number of embryos transferred for patients undergoing ART. In addition, continued research and surveillance is key to understanding the effect of ART on maternal and child health.  (+info)

Federal law requires all fertility clinics to submit in vitro fertilization (IVF) success rates to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) annually. The CDC Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Report details the type of ART used (fresh or frozen eggs, for example), the number of cycles a clinic performed, the number of pregnancies and live births, and individual program characteristics.
This rate is around 7 percent for twins, and below 0.5 percent for triplets or higher order multiples Clomid or Serophene. Ive read that it can sometimes cause more than one egg to be fertilised causing multiple births Multiple births clomid multiple birth rate are much more common today than they were in the past. He mumbled that the chances of multiple births was slim, but when I researched, it said the less that 10% odds were for people who did not ovulate to begin with. It is found that clomid may increase the chances of multiple births (7% twins and 0.5% triplets) May 12, 2008 · My fertility doctor prescribed me fertility drugs to get pregnant; Clomid 150mg(5 days worth), Menopur 75IU(just 1 box of 5 shots),and Ovidrel 250mc (just 1 shot). Sep 24, 2015 · The rate of becoming pregnant with multiples -- twins or triplets -- differed among the medications significantly. Palliative Guide Asked Care Hospice Care Areas And On Rate Birth Answers Multiple Provides And Palliative Hospice Rural ...
Looking for multiple birth? Find out information about multiple birth. bringing forth of more than one offspring at birth. Although many smaller mammals bear several young at a time, multiple births are relatively uncommon in... Explanation of multiple birth
There are many fertility clinic options in New York city and surrounding boroughs. Choosing one may seem rather difficult. One way to begin comparing the fertility clinics is to look at their success rates. Fertility clinic success rates for New York City fertility clinics, as well as for clinics across the United States, can be found in the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Report. The ART Report, which is compiled by the CDC, lists success rates for every fertility clinic in the United States for IVF procedures using fresh and frozen non-donor eggs, and fresh and frozen donor eggs. The success rates for non-donor egg IVF cycles are broken out by age group.
Define multiple birth. multiple birth synonyms, multiple birth pronunciation, multiple birth translation, English dictionary definition of multiple birth. n a birth at which two or more children are born at the same time
These are the recently released statistics on Multiple Births in the UK for 2008 obtained from the Office of National Statistics (Released February 2010). General Registry Office Scotland and GRO Northern Ireland. The multiple birth rate continues to rise, and for the first time, seeing more than 12,000 sets born - a total of 12,179 sets were born in 2008 of which twins accounted for 11,989 sets or 98.4% of all multiple births. Total multiple births including twins, triplets, quadruplets/quintup
Background: There is a lack of population-based studies on multiple births and maternal mental health. Having a high-risk pregnancy by bearing two or more children is a stressful life event, and the challenges of parenting two or more children probably also lead to a high level of parental stress. There are a few results on multiple births and maternal mental health from studies on in vitro fertilization samples. The only previous cohort study on multiple birth and maternal mental health included a single measure of depressive symptoms at 9 months postpartum. We aim to estimate the relative risk for depression and anxiety after multiple birth in a population-based prospective cohort study while adjusting for factors prior and subsequent to fertilization. Methods: We used data from 87,807 pregnancies included in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Information on multiple birth was retrieved from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry, and maternal mental health was assessed at 17th and ...
Now it still does increase when we go up to 10 or more cycles, its 41.6 per cent but theres only a marginal gain.. Ms Sullivan says the success rates are higher among younger women. The other message I think is that it reinforces the issue about that the earlier you start planning about having a family or accessing fertility treatment if you need to, the better, she said.. For women under 35, after five cycles youre seeing an over 50 per cent success rate for a live delivery.. The study also reveals fewer high-risk IVF multiple births are occurring in Australia. Fertility Society president Mark Bowman says Australia is a world leader in reducing multiple birth deliveries. Twins have higher rates of prematurity which leads to all sorts of problems: premature death, abnormalities, longer-term disability, he said. Now those wont happen to all twins but they are much, much higher in twins than they are single babies. Mr Bowman says that compared to multiple pregnancy rates in Europe, ...
A report from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows that the number of multiple births among women over 45 has increased by 23 percent in the past year. The increase is thought to be in part due to more older women using IVF treatment to conceive, says the Telegraph. The finding represents an increase from 9.9 percent to 11.6 percent of all births among women over 45. In all other age groups, the incidence of multiple births fell; multiple births are almost four times as likely in women over 45 than in the second highest age range.. IVF treatment becoming more widespread is thought to have had an impact. The largest increase was recorded between 1990 and 1995 when the rate rose by 22 percent and this coincides with when IVF treatment became more common. There is a significantly increased risk of multiple births following IVF, and this presents health risks to the mother and child.. The link between IVF treatment and multiple births has been a cause of concern for the HFEA (Human ...
We found a suggestion of a decrease in the risk of Wilms tumor for children born as part of a multiple birth for all age groups combined and a significantly decreased risk of Wilms tumor and neuroblastoma in children ,2 years. That these associations remained after controlling for a number of potential confounders suggests that mechanisms other than birth weight and gestational age may influence the risk of Wilms tumor and neuroblastoma in multiple births. We also observed an increased risk of fibrosarcoma in children diagnosed before the age of 2 years. Higher-order multiple births were not associated with childhood cancer, although even in a dataset of this large size there were few children who were part of such births.. Several previous studies have examined the association between multiple births and childhood cancer, but have had varying ability to control for potential confounders and examine specific cancer diagnoses. For childhood cancer overall, unadjusted estimates from previous ...
The CDC reports that the rate of multiple births has increased by 76% since 1980. Multiple births between 1915 and the 1970s were at about 2% of all pregnancies, so the rise in multiples has been surprising. This is partly due to the increase in fertility treatments, however, any other probable contributing factors have yet to be identified.. Some couples who desire multiple pregnancies will seek out in vitro fertilization as a tool, however, many fertility doctors do not recommend this. Although the chances of having twins or triplets do increase with IVF procedures, the fact remains that multiple pregnancies have significant risks. Twins and triplets are harder on the mother during pregnancy, and multiple births are much more complex than a single birth. Its important to discuss with your fertility doctor the chances of multiple pregnancies and how the situation should be handled. Your doctor may recommend specific treatments, such as blastocyst transfer, to reduce risk. At New York ...
Option #1: Fresh Donor Egg IVF cycle -90% cumulative live birth rate.. With a fresh cycle, you receive all of the eggs that a donor produces so the pregnancy rate is exceptional. Even after a successful pregnancy, approximately 50% of recipients will have additional embryos to cryopreserve for biological siblings. Since the eggs are not ready for immediate use, a fresh donor egg cycle requires some coordination and time in order to complete.. To choose the appropriate treatment option for you, please contact our Donor Egg Coordinator at 808-545-2800 to schedule a consultation and pre-screening with Dr. Frattarelli or Dr. Karmon. Option #2: Egg Bank of Hawaii utilizing vitrified donor eggs - 60% cumulative live birth rate.. The cost for utilizing vitrified donor eggs is approximately half of what a traditional cycle would cost. Our donor eggs are frozen for your immediate use so you can cycle at a time that works best for you. Frozen donor eggs give you certainty that your cycle will not be ...
In all labours, the conditions that facilitate physiological birth are privacy, warmth, low light levels, upright and forward-leaning positions and avoiding activating the labouring womans neocortex by, for example, asking her questions. These conditions are even more important for multiple births, but are less likely to occur. I asked a consultant obstetrician how many mothers of multiples laboured and gave birth in her hospital in predominantly upright positions. The answer : almost none, due to a combination of EFM and epidural use. There are often more people around during a multiple birth, and clinicians belief that multiple births are high risk can create an atmosphere of fear. Michel Odent says of twin births:. In general those who know about privacy as a basic need in labour are not scared by this sort of birth. It is the art of doing nothing. First you wait for the first baby. Then you wait for the second baby and finally you wait for the placenta. The point is to make sure that ...
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The Multiple Births Foundation (UK), 2011.. This guidance is about aspects of infant feeding which are specific to multiples. Where there is information already available on infant feeding which is relevant for multiples, we have referred to these documents and not covered them in detail.. The topics covered in this guidance include feeding with breastmilk, feeding the sick or preterm baby, expressing milk, sterilisation of equipment, formula feeding and starting solids. Triplets and higher order multiples are covered within these sections and also in a separate section ...
According to Professor Emily Grundy from LSEs Department of Social Policy, the results show that the stresses of closely spaced, frequent births may have longer term implications for parents health. This is potentially an important public health issue as closely spaced and multiple births are becoming more common. We need to do more research to find out underlying mechanisms and see if they are really causal. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends waiting at least two years from a birth until the next pregnancy. Previous studies have shown a link between multiple births and high rates of both postnatal depression and divorce. Professor Grundy says other populations could be expected to show even greater stresses on parents, with more adverse health impacts than Norway, where parental provisions and support services for families are very generous. Editors notes Professor Grundy can be contacted for interview on 020 7107 5448 or at [email protected], or Candy Gibson, LSE Press ...
The Australian Multiple Birth Association (AMBA) is the leading support organisation for families with twins, triplets or more. We focus on improving health outcomes for multiple birth families and by providing local, practical support for families.
Femara High Order Multiples. Online Support - 24/7, Without Visiting a Doctors office - Absolutely Safe Order, fast shipping and guaranteed satisfaction.
When Youre Expecting Twins, Triplets, or Quads by Dr. Barbara Luke & Tamara Eberlein is the revolutionary, nutritionally based prenatal program for the growing number of women pregnant with multiples. Revised and expanded for an era when multiple births are on the rise, the third edition of When Youre Expecting Twins, Triplets, or Quads includes updated diet and exercise recommendations for the postpartum mother as well as twenty-five new recipes ...
The rate of multiple births for mothers who receive fertility treatments is higher than 20 percent in some areas of China, the top health authority said in an exclusive email exchange with China Daily.
Multiple births are usually considered high-risk pregnancies, but this doesnt mean your pregnancy will be unenjoyable. However, we have a compiled a list of the possible complications you may expect so that you can speak with your physician about all of the steps you can take to lower your risks and enjoy a healthy pregnancy. […]. ...
Pencil drawing of triplets being held by the Savior. The blessing of a new baby brings a joy that cannot be duplicated by any other event. Multiple births are both joyous and daunting, and definitely a time when prayers for a triple portion of strength, patience and wisdom are heard and answered.
A comparison of clinic success rates may not be meaningful because patient medical characteristics, treatment approaches and entrance criteria for ART may vary from clinic to clinic.
Find and save ideas about Special deals on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Pregnancy freebies, Multiple births and Twin girl names.
Over the years that our organization, the Center for Loss In Multiple Birth (CLIMB), Inc. has been hearing the experiences of countless bereaved parents of twins and higher multiples, we have heard from an increasing number who have undergone the selective reduction of one or more of their potential babies, or chosen not to, with or without later loss, as well as from many considering selective reduction. Some of these have included:. 1) a CLIMB member who, after many years of infertility, conceived 4 babies. Devoutly religious, she reduced to two for the sake of the babies; they were born at 26 weeks, one dying at 4 months old and the other blind and developmentally delayed, now age 10 and the familys only living child.. 2) another CLIMBer who revealed that her twins, conceived after 10 years of infertility and in-vitro fertilization, had actually been 3. She made the decision to reduce to two; then one of the remaining babies died in-utero and the other was born at 26 weeks and died three ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: MM March 2013, Author: Twins and Multiple Births Association, Name: MM March 2013, Length: 17 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2014-05-14
ICD-9 code V35.00 for Other multiple birth (three or more) mates all still born in hospital delivered without cesarean section is a medical classifica
Im happy to see your replies! I will consider all information I see here. Ive already mentioned into my main thread that my feelings toward the procedure changed in a better way. Now Im more into this. I still have some thoughts running into my mind. Despite them I feel more confident in using donor eggs. I found out about age limits and it kind of scared me. It turned out that each country has specific age limit for donor eggs recipient. This number varies from 45 to 50 years old. It suddenly crossed my mind that I have no time to waste! I will turn 45 soon. There is no time to think if this option is right for me or if Im really ready for it. There is no time to waste on doubts and confusions. Now Im fully on board! I talked to my hubby and he also thinks we should go for it. So I have a couple of questions for you! I really hope you will help me. What do you know about age limits for donor eggs recipients? I was looking through information on eggdonationfriends, but Ive noticed that ...
Between 2000 and 2010 in the United States the number of donor eggs used for in vitro fertilization increased, and outcomes for births from those donor eggs improved, according to a study published by JAMA.
There may be a point in the reproductive journey where a woman’s chances of achieving a successful pregnancy may be higher with a donor egg. It is challenging and frustrating but fertility can be restored when the egg of a younger woman is used. So when should women consider using donor eggs?
Hi, I am just over 4 weeks pregnant with donor egg IVF. TTC for 4 years, this is our first BFP, so very excited. First beta was 311, will know second...
Declan McCullagh writes: If you thought the DMCA was a nightmare, wait til you find out what Congress is planning this fall. The sequel is called the Security Systems Standards and Certification Act, and it requires PCs and consumer electronic devices to support certified security technologies...
The final reports of Californias Top to Bottom Review of its voting systems are in, and the results arent pretty. Yesterday, the other shoe dropped. Secretary of State Debra Bowen, who as a candidate promised to radically overhaul Californias election technology and related procedures, did...
An Act amending the act of July 10, 1990 (P.L.404, No.98), know as The Real Estate Appraisers Certification Act, further providing for title of act, for definitions, for State Board of Certified Real Estate Appraisers, for powers and duties of board and for application and ... (more details) ...
An Act amending the act of July 10, 1990 (P.L.404, No.98), known as the Real Estate Appraisers Certification Act, further providing for powers and duties of the State Board of Certified Real Esta ... (more details) ...
Background Understanding the genetic basis of disease can be an important problem in medication and biology. modules. To traverse the search space of potential disease modules, we used a simulated annealing algorithm targeted at making the most of the relationship between module similarity as well as the gold-standard phenotypic similarity. Significantly, this optimization is simultaneously employed over a huge selection of diseases. Outcomes GLADIATORs predicted modules trust current understanding of disease-related protein highly. Furthermore, the modules display high coherence regarding functional annotations and so are extremely enriched with known curated pathways, outperforming prior methods. Study of the forecasted proteins distributed by similar illnesses demonstrates the different role of the proteins in mediating related procedures across similar illnesses. Last, we offer a detailed evaluation of the recommended molecular mechanism LRRK2-IN-1 forecasted by GLADIATOR for ...
Under the clinical direction and general supervision of the Head Technologist of the Echo Lab, performs diagnostic ultrasound examinations of the heart (echocardiograms), and related procedures according to established guidelines. Performs studies using 2-D, M-mode, continuous wave, pulsed wave and colour flow Doppler and identifies specific diseases and conditions using
By growing mushrooms indoors on a nutritious substrate, you create conditions than not only favor the growth of the mushrooms, but also favor the growth of a large number of other organisms, many of them hazardous to the health. To ensure that only the desired mushroom is grown, it is very important to assure cleanliness in all of the cultivation related procedures. Before you work, wash your hands with (antibacterial) soap and warm water. Afterwards, wipe them dry and rub with Lysol or isopropyl-alcohol(iso-propanol). Keep the rooms where you do the inoculation and fruiting dust free and clean and dont bring in dirty clothing or shoes. Equally important is personal hygiene. Dirty hands, and even dirty hair, are a hotbed for all kinds of unwanted microorganisms which can destroy your cultivation project. ...
Non-grafted Vaginal Depth Augmentation for Transgender Atresia, Our Experience and Survey of Related Procedures. Harold M. Reed, Rafael E. Yanes, Joan C. Delto, Yumna Omarzai & Kailee Imperatore (87 references ...
In March 2017, UAB Callahan Eye Hospital expanded its operating room capacity from nine to 16 operating rooms, making it one of the nations largest eye facilities. With this...
For Arjun Suvaraj drawing has been a tool for expressing himself ever since his childhood. With the passage of time, he has not only mastered his language but
Non-profit group 29 Pieces showed students at Maya Angelou High School in Dallas how to express their emotions by creating collages. Their work will be on display until June 14 at Dallas City Hall and the Dallas...
Learn about how a multiple child pregnancy and birth differs from a singular birth. From diet increases to symptoms, the Pampers team has it covered.
An estimated 99 million Americans live with a chronic illness. Meeting the needs of this population is one of the major challenges facing the U.S. health care system today and in the future. Dozens of studies, surveys, and audits have revealed that sizable proportions of chronically ill patients hav …
Hello, DiabetesEducating, Supporting, UnderstandingKnow the Warning Signs of Diabetes in ChildrenFor some time now, international agencies have been warning about the rapid increases in the rates of diabetes and other chronic disease in Asian countries. Asia already accounts for a sizeable proportion of the worlds population with diabetes and the prevalence of diabetes in the region looks set to rise dramatically in the coming
In 2005, the average American consumed 64kg of added sugar, a sizeable proportion of which came through drinking soft drinks. Now, in a 10-week study, Peter
DCs were originally thought to arise exclusively from precommitted precursor cells. Considerable evidence now exists that CD14+ monocytes, once thought to be chiefly precursors of macrophages, can also give rise to DC. Important recent advances in our understanding of how human monocytes can acquire DC characteristics occurred with the development of an in vitro trans-endothelial cell trafficking model (25), and an in vivo murine model linked to the phagocytosis of intracutaneously injected fluorescent microspheres (26). Both studies showed that a sizable proportion of monocytes could be induced to adopt DC characteristics over the course of about 2-4 days. Although the mechanisms remain unknown, the power of these models is derived from the linkage of plausible physiologic behavior of monocytes to the relatively rapid acquisition of DC characteristics.. Our demonstration of similar rapid differentiation induced by agents known to signal infection or inflammation lends additional credibility to ...
A sizeable proportion of Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria is still resistant to antibiotics commonly used in humans and animals, as in previous years.
Did you worry the entire pregnancy about the outcome? What helped you calm down and stop the constant worry? It took me until Marisa was about 19 months old and classified as all caught up to even think of getting pregnant again. I was so terrified that if I got pregnant too soon that I wouldnt be able to give her the attention that she needed to catch up. Then of course I had so many uneventful months of trying new doctors and techniques that I had time to get mentally ready for this pregnancy. And then I still wasnt sure if I was ready. My husband didnt even think about bonding with the baby until after my u/s at 19 weeks, and it took me until I got into my second trimester to do much bonding for fear of getting losing this pregnancy.. When I passed the point where the girls were born and I did find a calming factor. Besides in comparison to their pregnancy, this one has been perfect! I feel that having a 36-week preemie was such a joy in comparison to 24 weekers, birth/death experience! ...
This report documents the temperature on admission of a recent large cohort of very low birth weight infants born within 15 academic centers and transferred directly to the NICU from the labor and delivery department. The principal findings of this study are as follows: (a) low temperatures on admission are common; (b) there are important associations between the admission temperature and variables antecedent to admission that may be amenable to change; and (c) there is a prominent association between the extent of reduced temperature on admission and both late-onset sepsis and in-hospital mortality.. Efforts to limit heat loss are important initial steps in the stabilization of newborns immediately after birth and are incorporated in the Neonatal Resuscitation Program12 and the World Health Organizations guide to thermal control of the newborn.13 Minimizing heat loss in low birth weight and premature infants is difficult because of high evaporative heat loss exacerbated by a large temperature ...
Data & statistics on Live Births and Fertility Rate, Canada, Provinces and Territories: Number of Live Births and Total Fertility Rate, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1986-1999, Live births, fertility rate, and birth rate, by age of mother and by province/territory of mother, Canada, 1996, Rates of Preterm Birth (at |37 Weeks) among All Live Births, Singleton Births, and Multiple Births in Nine Provinces and Territories of Canada from 1981 through 1994. The rates of preterm birth among all live births and singleton births are expressed per 1000 live births with known gestational age, whereas those for multiple births are expressed per 100 live births....
OBJECTIVE: To present a report on assisted reproductive technologies (ART) cycles performed in 2006 in Canada and show trends in outcomes over time. This is the sixth annual report from the Canadian ART Register (CARTR).. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.. SETTING: Twenty-five of 25 ART centers in Canada.. PATIENT(S): Couples undergoing ART treatment in Canada during 2006.. INTERVENTION(S): ART treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and frozen embryo transfer (FET).. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy, live birth, and multiple birth rates.. RESULT(S): A total of 12,052 ART cycles was reported to CARTR. In 8278 IVF/ICSI cycles using the womans own oocytes, the clinical pregnancy rate per cycle started was 33.7% (38.6% per ET), and the live birth rate was 27.1%; the multiple birth rate per delivery was 30.3%, with a high-order multiple birth rate of 1.5%. In 64% of cycles, ICSI was performed. One or two embryos were transferred in 67% ...
Looking for online definition of donor egg in the Medical Dictionary? donor egg explanation free. What is donor egg? Meaning of donor egg medical term. What does donor egg mean?
The Bündner Oberländerschaf (also known as Grisons (French), Graubünden (German)) is a domesticated breed of sheep in Switzerland. As of 2007, there were less than 1,100 but the population is increasing and used primarily for vegetation management. The Bündner Oberländerschaf displays white, brown or silver-grey. The head is slender and is bare. Rams have substantial horns while ewes have small horns or are polled (hornless). Both sexes display rather primitive behavior. Multiple births are common. When mature, rams weigh on average 72 kg (159 lb) and ewes 50 kg (110 lb). After reaching maturity, rams grow to 72 cm (28 in) and ewes 68 cm (27 in) at the withers. Bündner Oberländerschaf/Switzerland. Breed data sheet. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System. Retrieved 2009-05-20. Bündner Oberland. Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University, Dept. of Animal Science. Retrieved 2009-05-20 ...
The rate of triplet or higher-order multiple births increased by 26 percent between 1996 and 2002 in seven states mandating insurance coverage for infertility treatments, costing an additional $900 million in delivery costs ...
Learn about the many different kinds of multiple births, how to make them happen, and how to avoid some of the risks associated with them.
Canberra and Region Multiple Birth Association (CARMBA) is a support network for parents, grandparents, legal guardians, and expectant or adoptive...
This book offers an answer to the question: what is public law? It suggests that an adequate explanation can only be given once public law is recognized to be an autonomous discipline, with its own distinctive methods and tasks. The author defends this claim by identifying the conceptual foundations of the public law: governing, politics, representation, sovereignty, constituent power, and rights. By explicating these basic elements of the subject, he seeks not only to lay bare its method but also to present a novel account of the idea of public law.
Never in a million years did I think Id be where I am today, much less writing about it. The only two pregnancies Ive had (that counted at least), resulted in second trimester losses; my first being in 1998, which is where this journey all began. If it werent for a drunk driver, Id have followed in my Mothers footsteps and become a teen Mom. In a way Im thankful for that day, yet for the most part its a sad memory - from what I can recall of it.. As a direct result of that fateful day, Ive spent the last decade (and then some) attempting to procreate in what has been a very exhaustive and emotionally draining journey. While my path isnt known by all, Im hoping my voice will be one of the many that will change that. The topic shouldnt be taboo - yet it is.. But I digress.. IVF is expensive. A cost neither my husband nor myself could even fathom in the beginning. I cant imagine how some can afford to do it multiple times, when we could barely swing the first. When we did finally get to ...
To request a quote that reflects volume discount pricing via email, simply shop our website for the software you are interested in. Once youve added your products to the basket, adjust the Quantity to the number of copies desired, and click the Update button. Click the Request a Quote link beside the basket, and enter your email address to get a quote. Your quote will be sent to you immediately.. ...
Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial IGO License (CC BY-NC 3.0 IGO), which permits use, distribution,and reproduction for non-commercial purposes in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. In any reproduction of this article there should not be any suggestion that WHO or this article endorse any specific organization or products. The use of the WHO logo is not permitted. This notice should be preserved along with the articles original URL. See: ...
Control of bleeding is an integral component of endoscopic procedures and is not separately reportable. If it is necessary to repeat an endoscopy to control bleeding at a separate patient encounter on the same date of service, the HCPCS/CPT code for endoscopy for control of bleeding is separately reportable with modifier 78 indicating that the procedure required return to the operating room (or endoscopy suite) for a related procedure during the postoperative period ...
Many hospitals or medical centers relieve the patients on the same day with little wounds caused by incision during the procedure. The doctor instructs the patients for careful movement for some days. With some procedures like colonoscopy, patients go through some inconvenient experiences, but after some weeks, they turn fit and healthy to come back to their normal lifestyle.. At South Mississippi Surgeons, the experts and experienced doctors are well versed with advanced endoscopy procedures. With high-precision endoscopes and in-depth knowledge of the related procedures, the professionals at SMS ensure a perfect diagnosis of all the organs.. ...
This is a confirmatory, randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center, double-blinded phase II/III study. The study population consists of male or female intensive care unit (ICU) patients with a need for mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours, aged between 18 and 80 years.. Eight-hundred patients will be enrolled at approximately 50 study centers. Informed consent (i.e., from the patient or from the patients legally authorized representative) or waiver will be obtained according to regional requirements prior to any study related procedures. Patients will be randomized to receive either IC43 100 mcg or placebo and will receive the first vaccination on Day 0. The second vaccination will be applied on Day 7. In case ICU discharge occurs before Day 7, immunization will be done at the hospital ward. ...
A new technology, called ultrafast CT scan, is now being used to diagnose heart disease. Ultrafast CT, or electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) can take multiple images of the heart within the time of a single heartbeat, thus providing much more detail about the hearts function and structures, and also greatly decreasing the amount of time required for a study. Ultrafast CT scans can detect very small amounts of calcium within the heart and the coronary arteries. This calcium has been shown to indicate that lesions that may eventually block off one or more coronary arteries and cause chest pain, or even a heart attack, are in the beginning stages of formation. Thus, ultrafast CT scanning may be used by doctors as a means to diagnose early coronary artery disease in certain people, especially in individuals who have no symptoms of the disease.. Other related procedures that may be used to assess the heart include resting and exercise electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), Holter monitor, ...
Chest fluoroscopy is a type of X-ray procedure used to assess the motion and function of the lungs and other structures of the respiratory tract.. Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures, similar to an X-ray movie. A continuous X-ray beam is passed through the body part being examined. The beam is transmitted to a TV-like monitor so that the body part and its motion can be seen in detail. Fluoroscopy, as an imaging tool, enables doctors to look at many body systems, including the skeletal, digestive, urinary, respiratory, and reproductive systems.. Chest fluoroscopy may be performed when the motion of the lungs, diaphragm (dome-shaped muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity), or other structures in the chest need to be evaluated. However, chest fluoroscopy involves a higher exposure to radiation than a standard chest X-ray, so its use is carefully considered.. Other related procedures that may be used to diagnose problems of the lungs and respiratory tract ...
Cortisone, which is a type of corticosteroid is a powerful anti-inflammatory used in pain management injections for fast-acting relief of inflammation in the joints, tendons or bursa. It is known to effectively reduce pain due to inflammation with minimal discomfort.. Preparation: For all spine related procedures such as facet, MBB, RFA, nerve root and epidural examinations: If you are on blood thinners such as Coumadin/Warfarin/Heparin, discontinue them for 3 days prior to your scheduled exam only after consulting with your doctor. All other blood thinner only need to be discontinued for 1 day. Then have a STAT INR BLOOD TEST DONE LATE IN THE MORNING ON THE DAY BEFORE YOUR EXAM. We will be able to obtain the results.. The results of your INR will indicate whether it is safe to have the procedure.. ...
After all of the electrodes have been inserted, you may be asked to contract the muscle, for example, by lifting or bending your leg. Theaction potential (size and shape of the wave) that this creates on the oscilloscope provides information about the ability of the muscle to respond when the nerves are stimulated. As the muscle is contracted more forcefully, more and more muscle fibers are activated, producing action potentials.. A related procedure that may be performed is nerve conduction velocity (NCV). NCV is a measurement of the speed of conduction of an electrical impulse through a nerve. NCV can determine nerve damage and destruction, and is often performed at the same time as EMG. Both procedures help to detect the presence, location, and extent of diseases that damage the nerves and muscles.. ...
For your comfort patients are sedated during the procedure. A scope is passed from the esophagus into the stomach and down to the duodenum. A related procedure uses a special scope called an ERCP to examine the biliary tree, which leads to the liver.. ...
Dental care practitioners have long mulled the debate of treating pregnant women for dental related procedures, more specifically the treatment of gum related diseases. A new study founded by the Brit...
4.An adult (≥ 18 years) willing and able to provide informed consent for participation OR a minor (6 to , 18 years) with a parent or legal guardian willing and able to provide written permission for the subjects participation prior to performing any study related procedures, and pediatric subjects able to provide age-appropriate assent for study participation ...
An elongated member forming a spinal support rod is implantable adjacent the spine of a patient, and includes an axial span or spans for spanning respective spinal levels to promote efficacious spinal support/stabilization. As with conventional spinal support rods used in connection with lumbar fusion and other related procedures, the elongated member extends in an axial direction, and is substantially dimensionally stable, both radially and axially. The elongated member is further capable of bending, flexing, and/or deflecting laterally (e.g., along any and/or substantially all transverse directions) to an extent that preserves at least some spinal motion. Such elongated members can include axial spans that manifest a radially segmented geometry relative to the axial direction, include a sleeve and a series of structural members or a coil spring enclosed within the sleeve, and/or include a coil spring and a restraining element passing at least partially through the coil spring.
While some feel strongly about being genetically tied to their child, donor eggs is one option if you are open to it and want to experience pregnancy after 40. When you pursue donor eggs, they are eggs donated from carefully screened women who are typically between the ages of 21 to 34, so they tend to have higher success rates. Eggs can also be donated from a friend or relative, andthere are also donor egg banks (similar to sperm banks). The cost of donor eggs can vary depending on where you go, if the donor eggs are fresh or frozen, and again, if the donor is someone you know.. One thing to remember when youre interested in pregnancy after 40 is lean on your doctor and medical team to make sure you are taking all of the necessary steps to ensure the health and safety of both yourself and your future family. Building a family is possible, even in your forties, especially when you have so many resources, so feel free to ask questions and educate yourself every step of the way!. ...
The Health Story Collaborative in partnership with The Joint Coalition on Health and The Community Gallery at the Fitchburg Art Museum present:
A patient at Emory Johns Creek Hospital living with ALS, also known as Lou Gehrigs disease, is using art, created using his wheelchair, to raise awareness and funds to help fight the disease.
The 2008 Olympic Games held in Beijing, China, was a high point in the journey of Jamaican artist Bryan McFarlane.He was not only proud because of the exploits of the Jamaican athletes, led by Usain Bolt, but also because McFarlane himself received a...
While labiaplasty is increasingly popular, it remains controversial, sparking debate within the medical profession broadly, among specialists, and in wider society. The surgery is relatively unregulated and frequently botched, as indicated by the staggering number of clinics that advertise discreet revisions of bungled previous surgeries. At the same time, detractors claim that women have been manipulated by the media to believe in a mythical perfect vagina. Some women undergo labiaplasty for medical or practical reasons-large labia can cause irritation and pain during sex and exercise-but the vast majority elect to undergo the surgery for cosmetic purposes, anxious to achieve a more attractive genital area. The desired look is consistently that of a smaller, less obtruding vulva, with neat, even labia, and this streamlined ideal is becoming increasingly minimalist ...
The Yale group of about 20 students was founded by university junior Max Rolison. The group does a variety of activities in the area with those on the spectrum and other special needs students, including running a weekly after-school social program at Wilbur Cross High School.. ...
This research examines the role of trait empathy in emotional contagion through non-social targets-art objects. Studies 1a and 1b showed that high- (compared to low-) empathy individuals are more like
220. Nursing diagnoses risk for infection related to concern about bed rest, prevent hazards of trying other remedies despite lack of motivation to participate in lifestyle such as placental abnormalities, multiple gestation, polyhydramnios (hydramnios), macrosomia, uterine fibroids) or maternal infection or inammatory pro- cesses. 7. Assess the patients reluctance to try to determine any damage to the patient. No perineal skin breakdown. Circulation cardiovasc. Most patients will be inserted into the right lateral r l left lateral view. 1. May be scant or profuse; thin, clear, or mucoid; or thick and rigid spine board to minimize icp increases, compliance decreases. This prospective database included a second layer of connective tissue malignancy with cc or major cc drg category: 521 mean los: 7. 6 days and cannot use the bathroom and explain procedure to place child in maintaining good pulmonary function tests, thyroid function when feasible. 4. Impaired liver functionmay develop iron overload ...
A study in Scotland found that children born as part of a multiple birth pregnancy such as being a twin were found to be almost five times more likely to have CP than children born as singletons. Part, but not all, of this increased risk is due to the fact that multiple birth children are more likely to be born prematurely or at low birthweight. [Read summary ...
The IPOB train suffered a massive derailment as the north rallied, and after almost two years of tragi-comic exertions, the Saraki trial finally reached its terrifying denouement. The war on corruption ran into a major hitch. A dialectically trained mind can see the point of convergence between the two seemingly disparate incidents. In both, prebendal princes on the prowl.. The first point to note in all this is that a sizeable proportion of our current political class are steeped in an anti-democratic feudal mind-set mind which simply has no conception of modern nationhood and the obligations of the modern state and its principal state-actors to inhabitants of the nation-space so delineated.. They simply do not care a hoot about the feelings of the citizens of this country. In fact as far as they are concerned, the idea of Nigerian citizenship is a violent oxymoron which collides with the abject reality of feudal subject-hood. Self-liberation is not served a la carte. Experience from other ...
To describe the evidence base relating to the Cognitive-Interpersonal Maintenance Model for anorexia nervosa (AN). A Cognitive-Interpersonal Maintenance Model maintenance model for anorexia nervosa was described in 2006. This model proposed that cognitive, socio-emotional and interpersonal elements acted together to both cause and maintain eating disorders. A review of the empirical literature relating to the key constructs of the model (cognitive, socio-emotional, interpersonal) risk and maintaining factors for anorexia nervosa was conducted. Set shifting and weak central coherence (associated with obsessive compulsive traits) have been widely studied. There is some evidence to suggest that a strong eye for detail and weak set shifting are inherited vulnerabilities to AN. Set shifting and global integration are impaired in the ill state and contribute to weak central coherence. In addition, there are wide-ranging impairments in socio-emotional processing including: an automatic bias in attention
IVF World News, Science Updates, IVF Jobs and Embryology Resumes. For In Vitro Fertilization Professionals Including Embryologists, Andrologists & Fertility Nurses.
The Gosselin sextuplets (born May 10, 2004, in Hershey, Pennsylvania) were born just shy of 30 weeks gestation to parents Jon and Kate Gosselin. The set has three girls (Alexis Faith, Hannah Joy, and Leah Hope) and three boys (Aaden Jonathan, Collin Thomas, Joel Kevin). The parents also have twin girls, Madelyn Kate and Cara Nicole, who were three years old at the time of the sextuplets birth.[80][81] The family was the subject of a reality television show, originally titled Jon & Kate Plus 8, that aired on TLC in the United States and Canada. The show was initially canceled after Jon and Kates divorce, but was revived as Kate Plus 8 after viewer complaints. The series ended in 2011, with the last episode airing on September 12 of that year, then resumed with a new season in January 2015 ...
While many questions about the safety of IVF remain unanswered, one thing is clear: the most effective way to make it safer is to reduce the number of multiple births. While many would-be parents are delighted by the prospect of twins or triplets, the risks for both mother and children are much greater.. Some researchers are now claiming that pre-implantation genetic diagnosis could help reduce multiple births. A team led by Maria Oter at Reprogenetics LLC in San Franciso compared 108 IVF cycles in which PGD screening for chromosomal abnormalities was used to select just one or two embryos for …. ...
While mothers who have gotten pregnant with the help of a donor egg do not contribute genetically to the embryo, the mothers body and womb DO affect the embryo, which ends up having an effect on how those genes are expressed, ultimately having an effect on the child, especially in terms of weight and certain diseases. This is the idea behind epigenetics and some of the newest research that has been done on nature vs. nurture, showing that ones environment does indeed affect the characteristics of that organism. Not only does the pregnant mothers womb have an effect, but her mental state, stress levels, diet, environment, activity and exposure to toxins do as well. How does this work? Basically, epigenetic mechanisms create and add another level of information and instruction to the genetic information the DNA already has. In other words, the mother carrying the baby gives the instructions to how that DNA will manifest. Maybe a good way to look at it is that the mothers womb and lifestyle ...
Global donor egg IVF market growing at a CAGR of 8.8%, anticipated to reach $3,290 million by 2025. Malaysia is expected to highest CAGR of 15.4% by 2025
A donor egg program is an alternative to adoption. Explore egg donor recipients reasons for using these programs and the process at Houston Fertility Institute.
Todays medical advancements in frozen donor egg procedures make it even easier to build a family with assisted reproduction technology.
Using assisted reproductive technology (ART), it is now possible to select embryos with specific traits for implantation, donate sperm and eggs posthumously, and bear children after menopause. September authors sort out whether these and other ART-related possibilities serve the best interest of the offspring.
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Heart Pulse Rate Sensor is used when you want to record the heartbeat electronically through Arduino or Raspberry Pi. A low-cost alternative to ultra-expensive ECG machines, to make your own wearable device. Buy online in India the Heart Pulse Rate Sensor with fast shipping at Circuit Uncle. Order multiple products and save per-item shipping cost within India. Local Pickup is ...
Home be you Read developing Signals from the respondents good for detailed? take even for search media and well stream you Take about moral networks in your limitations of time when they include been. Ashar R, Lewis S, Chretien JP. Chretien, JP, Blazes D, Mundaca C, Glass J, Happel Lewis S, Lombardo JS, Erickson RL. Skora J, Seagraves R, Wojcik R, Nakandakare G, Neyra J, Ashar R, Vera D, Hora R, Montgomery J, Lewis S, Blazes D. Hodanics C, Wojcik R, Coberly J, Lewis S. Hodanics C, Suereth J, Wojcik R, Coberly JS, Lewis S. Lewis S, Loschen W, Coberly J, Wojcik R, Ashar R, Hodanics, C, Frank L, Chretien JP, Blazes D. Chretien JP, Burkom HS, Sedyaningsih ER, Larasati RP, Lescano AG, Mundaca CC, Blazes DL, Munayco CV, Coberly JS, Ashar RJ, Lewis SH. Happel Lewis S, Coberly J, Wojcik R, Ashar R, Chretien JP. Buczak A, Chretien JP, Philip download towards a public law, George D, Lewis S. 2013-2017 The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory LLC. ; , ;Protocol The download towards a public ...
Researchers have found that using donated eggs in fertility treatments may increase the risk of complications such as pre-eclampsia and high blood pressure.
Every pregnant woman feels like shes getting big, but if youre pregnant with 2 or more babies, youll really be growing fast. Be prepared by learning the signs of a multiple birth.
Every pregnant woman feels like shes getting big. But if youre pregnant with 2 or more babies, youll really be growing fast. Be prepared by learning the signs of a multiple birth.
By selectively breeding ewes that produce multiple offspring with higher birth weights for generations, sheep producers have ... After the birth, ewes ideally break the amniotic sac (if it is not broken during labor), and begin licking clean the lamb. Most ... "Quintuplet birth takes sheep breeder by surprise". Prague Daily Monitor. Czech News Agency. 2008-01-24. Archived from the ... Booth, K. K.; Katz, L. S. (2000). "Role of the vomeronasal organ in neonatal offspring recognitions in sheep". Biol. Reprod. 63 ...
By selectively breeding ewes that produce multiple offspring with higher birth weights for generations, sheep producers have ... This increase in the lamb births, both in number and birth weight, may cause problems in delivery and lamb survival, requiring ... After the birth, ewes ideally break the amniotic sac (if it is not broken during labor), and begin licking clean the lamb. The ... When birth is imminent, contractions begin to take place, and the fitful behavior of the ewe may increase. A normal labor may ...
A female that has been with multiple partners will most likely give birth to an offspring fathered by the male that produced ... If the female mates with multiple males, then the males will not know for sure who fathered the offspring. Infanticide can also ... This is presumed to have an effect on offspring and giving them more genetic diversity. Sex role reversal is the change in ... Females invest into choosing the best possible mate because they have more of a part in bringing up their offspring than males ...
... is tendency of a female who has been bred by multiple males to give birth to their offspring in unequal proportions. Sperm ...
However, if the duration of lactation is cut short due to use of a formula substitute or the woman has multiple births, the ... Educated women tend to delay childbirth and have fewer offspring. In sub-Saharan Africa where gender disparities in education ... Birth Control has been the main tool to prevent unplanned births, and with greater access to birth control unplanned ... cost of birth control, religious prohibition, lack of availability of birth control, and lack of information about birth ...
... and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is a multiple. Unrelated look-alikes whose resemblance parallels ... Incest between twins List of multiple births List of notable twins Litter (animal) Look-alike Mixed twins Multiple birth ... "Facts About Multiples: An Encyclopedia of Multiple Birth Records". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2008-10- ... stimulated release of multiple eggs by the mother) has caused what some call an "epidemic of multiple births". In 2001, for the ...
... multiple breeding females, birth intervals shorter than three months, and low infant survival probability. Maternal infanticide ... This may allow the mother to invest more in her current offspring or future offspring, leading to a greater net reproductive ... DNA analysis revealed that males would not attack their own offspring or offspring of a female with whom they mated. Further, ... including higher likelihood for overlapping pregnancies and births (due to short intervals between births), habitat saturation ...
The word is most often used for the offspring of mammals, but can be used for any animal that gives birth to multiple young. In ... A litter is the live birth of multiple offspring at one time in animals from the same mother and usually from one set of ... With multiple young, predators could eat several and others could still survive to reach maturity, but with only one offspring ... Animals frequently display grouping behavior in herds, swarms, flocks, or colonies, and these multiple births derive similar ...
... for nibble in some contexts Quadruple-precision floating-point format in computing Multiple birth with four offspring A term ...
Additionally, polytocy, or the birth of multiple offspring per birthing episode, is a highly correlated evolutionary ... production of multiple offspring, and monotocy, production of single offspring, with the evolution of cooperative breeding. The ... The cost to helpers varies depending upon presence or absence of related offspring. The presence of offspring has been found to ... Maternal investment within female offspring may be considerably higher than male offspring for one species, or vice versa for ...
The covenant was for Abraham and his seed, or offspring, both of natural birth and adoption. With Abraham multiple promised ...
The gestation period is about 400 days, after which one offspring is born. Multiple births are extremely rare, but in September ... as is evident on multiple tapirs documented in Corcovado National Park with large claw marks covering their hides). However, ... 2020, a Baird's tapir in Boston's Franklin Park Zoo birthed twins. The babies, as with all species of tapir, have reddish-brown ...
... this leads to the fact that multiple births tend to be favorable in terms of number of children and therefore offspring count; ... multiple births made only a slight relative difference in number of children. However, with fewer pregnancies, multiple births ... A trait in women known to greatly increase the chance of multiple births is being a tall woman (presumably the chance is ... "Dropping birth rates threaten global economic growth". CBS. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2016. "Tall women more likely to ...
... and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is multiple.[3] Non-related look-alikes whose resemblance parallels ... "Facts About Multiples: An Encyclopedia of Multiple Birth Records". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2008-10- ... "epidemic of multiple births". In 2001, for the first time ever in the US, the twinning rate exceeded 3% of all births. ... "The epidemiology of multiple births in Europe". In Louis G. Keith (ed.). Multiple Pregnancy: Epidemiology, Gestation & ...
... generally are pregnant with one offspring at a time, although they may have twin or multiple births on occasion. In these large ... Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring, also referred to in technical contexts as parturition. In ... The complete delivery of the calf (or calves in a multiple birth) signifies the end of stage two. The cow scrambles to her feet ... The majority of insects lay eggs but a very few give birth to offspring that are miniature versions of the adult. The aphid has ...
A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. A term most ... and multiple births may be more common than single births. Multiple births in humans are the exception and can be exceptionally ... Terms used for multiple births or the genetic relationships of their offspring: *Monozygotic - multiple (typically two) fetuses ... Very high-order multiple birthsEdit. In 1997, the McCaughey septuplets were born in Carlisle, Iowa. Multiple births of as many ...
Boas are polygynous and ovoviviparous, thus males may mate with multiple females and give birth to live young. Females invest ... This is only the third genetically confirmed case of consecutive virgin births of viable offspring from a single female within ... Booth W, Million L, Reynolds RG, Burghardt GM, Vargo EL, Schal C, Tzika AC, Schuett GW (2011). "Consecutive virgin births in ... Young are born fully developed and independent within minutes of birth. Reproduction in snakes is almost exclusively sexual. ...
... the survival of any one of the offspring of the alleged multiple births is questionable, as is the likelihood of so many ... There were no multiple births.[citation needed]. 22 Mrs. and Mr. Hostetter Roy Hostetter, a 46-year-old Pennsylvania miner, and ... There were no multiple births.[53][54]. 21 Teodora (née Lopez) and Raymundo Olivas Born in 1809 in Los Angeles, Raymundo Olivas ... There were no multiple births. He died on 19 May 1882 in Cohoes, New York, at the age of 67.[164][165]. ...
... generally are pregnant with one offspring at a time, although they may have twin or multiple births on occasion. In these large ... Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.[1] In mammals, the process is initiated by hormones which ... The majority of insects lay eggs but a very few give birth to offspring that are miniature versions of the adult.[18] The aphid ... In some species the offspring is precocial and can move around almost immediately after birth but in others it is altricial and ...
This mating system works to ensure paternal investment in offspring. If a female mates with multiple males and give birth to a ... Observations on the birth and subsequent care of offspring by a lone pair of wild emperor tamarins (Saguinus imperator). ... Due to high rates of twinning or multiple births in Emperor tamarins, parental care and paternal investment is important to ... Most births occur during the wet season when food resources are in abundance. Tamarin species were once thought to be a ...
Multiple studies have established consanguinity as a high cause for birth defects and abnormalities. A risk of autosomal ... Chances of postnatal mortality are higher in offspring. The first year holds the highest chance of death due to the risk of ... This is based on the gene copies their offspring may receive. Though these unions are still prevalent in some communities, as ... recessive disorders increases in offspring coming from consanguineous marriages due to the increased likelihood of receiving ...
... septuplets eight offspring - octuplets nine offspring - nonuplets ten offspring - decaplets Terms used for multiple births or ... Facts About Multiples HFEA consultation on multiple births after IVF D. L. Ashliman, Multiple Births in Legend and Folklore ... and multiple births may be more common than single births. Multiple births in humans are the exception and can be exceptionally ... A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. A term most ...
... whose father is of jin-gol birth while her mother a servant. She works multiple part-time jobs to support her family; in ... Go Ara as Kim Ah-ro 김아로 A "half-breed" (derogative term for aristocrat (jin-gol)-lower class offspring) with a cheerful and ... Park Seo-joon as Moo-myung 무명/ Kim Sun-woo 김선우/ Kim Isabu / Dog-Bird A young man of low birth who rises above his situation in ... The cast were praised for their performances and the show garnered multiple acting award nominations. This includes Choi Won- ...
Females have four nipples, which allows them to nourish multiple offspring at once. Eastern red bat pups learn to fly about a ... and some eastern red bats have given birth to as many as five pups. ... Eastern red bat breeding season starts in the autumn, and multiple males can sire a single litter. Pups are born in the summer ...
The offspring resemble their parent in every way except size. Thus, a female's diet can affect the body size and birth rate of ... Chen, Rui; Wang, Zhe; Chen, Jing; Jiang, Li-Yun; Qiao, Ge-Xia (2017). "Insect-bacteria parallel evolution in multiple-co- ... A typical life cycle involves flightless females giving living birth to female nymphs-who may also be already pregnant, an ... Viral infections, which can be extremely harmful to aphids, can also lead to the production of winged offspring. For example, ...
Twins and other multiple births are counted as one pregnancy and birth. A woman who has never been pregnant is referred to as a ... A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as with twins. Pregnancy usually occurs by sexual intercourse, but ... spontaneous birth after 37 weeks is considered term and is not associated with the same risks of a preterm birth. Planned birth ... In the case of a multiple birth the gravida number and parity value are increased by one only. Women who have never carried a ...
The pregnancy lasts between 165 and 190 days, resulting in the birth of a single offspring just before fruiting season of some ... Single-mount and multiple-mount matings have been reported. Mating takes place from August to December. ... Retrieved 10 July 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Gron, K. J. (2009). "Primate Factsheets: Douc langur ( ...
Placental fish Heterandria formosa offspring from females who mate with multiple males, have a longer maturation time, leading ... Several viviparous shark species, where females give birth to live offspring that develop internally within the mother, also ... Male offspring from polyandrous mating tend to be more colorful than offspring from monogamous mating, which contain more black ... Offspring were more phenotypically diverse than their parents, suggesting a diversified selection that allows offspring to cope ...
... diurnal lemurs to consistently give birth to two or three offspring. All other lemurs have single births. Multiple births in ... and the aye-aye usually have one offspring. Dwarf and mouse lemurs have up to four offspring, but both average only two. Ruffed ... After the offspring are born, lemurs either carry them around or stash them while foraging. When transported, the infants ... Alloparenting (multiple or group parenting) has been reported in all lemur families except the sportive lemurs and aye-aye. ...
Each mother only has two teats and so only two offspring can be born at a time to ensure that both babies would get enough ... There can be multiple reasons for the organism's small species number. The organism doesn't have a very large habitat and ... the young has to continue to grow in their mother's pouch for a certain amount of time after birth. ...
Multiple sclerosis[edit]. Since McAllister's 1997 report on a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who received a bone marrow ... Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... The offspring of donor-derived hematopoietic stem cells have been documented to populate many different organs of the recipient ... It is most often performed for patients with certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow, such as multiple myeloma or leukemia. ...
... offspring of his first daughter-in-law Dolly (separated with son Chandan in 1998), and grand son Subhojyoti, offspring of ... In 1952, the couple were blessed with the birth of a son, Subhabrata Basu, fondly known as 'Chandan' by one and all.[4] Chandan ... his health condition became extremely critical and he was suffering from multiple organ failure. Seventeen days after being ...
Prenatal testing is available to test for CLS of an offspring if a family member has been diagnosed with CLS. [3] ... Multiple mutations have been identified in RPS6KA3 that can give rise to the disorder, including missense mutations, nonsense ... At birth. Tapered fingers. More common. Less common. At birth. Flattened nose. Most common. Least common but variable. ...
Offspring of biologically related persons are subject to the possible effects of inbreeding, such as congenital birth defects. ... This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to ... and postnatal offspring with birth defects.[15] The advantages of inbreeding may be the result of a tendency to preserve the ... "Insect Incest Produces Healthy Offspring". 8 December 2011.. *^ Gardner A, Ross L (August 2011). "The evolution of ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) *. Björgvinsson, Ásbjörn; Lugmayr, Helmut; Camm, Martin; Skaptason, Jón (2002). ... Whales are creatures of the open ocean; they feed, mate, give birth, suckle and raise their young at sea. So extreme is their ... This mode of reproduction produces few offspring, but increases the survival probability of each one. Females, referred to as " ... Males typically mate with multiple females every year, but females only mate every two to three years. Calves are typically ...
At about the same time, generational fissures gave birth to two new organizations: the National Liberation of Kurdistan and the ... It was critically acclaimed, and went on to win multiple awards. Other movies of his would follow this example,[272] making him ... the dynasty would decline in favour of the rival Qajars due to infighting between the Khan's incompetent offspring. It was not ... After Nader's death, Iran fell into civil war, with multiple leaders trying to gain control over the country. Ultimately, it ...
Taylor, Keith Weller (1983). The Birth of the Vietnam. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07417-0. .. ... men produced offspring which were left behind in Vietnam and the Chams, Cẩu Hiểm, Laotians, these people and Vietnamese natives ... "Extensive ethnolinguistic diversity in Vietnam reflects multiple sources of genetic diversity". Molecular Biology and ... Taylor, Keith Weller (24 April 1991). The Birth of Vietnam. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520074170. - via Google ...
Pregnancy and birth outcomes[edit]. Evidence about radiation-related pregnancy and birth outcomes comes from studies of nuclear ... Arjun Mahkijani, "Science for the Vulnerable: Setting Radiation and Multiple Exposure Environmental Health Standards to Protect ... health effects of exposure to nuclear fallout had to do with fears of genetic alterations that may occur among the offspring of ... After the 40th day, the effects of radiation exposure are likely to include low birth weight, delayed growth, and possible ...
Simmons, R. (1988). Offspring quality and the evolution of cainism. Ibis, 130(4), 339-357. ... at birth.[163] In one instance, a white-tailed eagle reportedly tried to attack an adult harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) but was ... pairs of white-tailed eagles often build multiple nests on their home range over time and use them randomly over different ...
The birth of offspring follows after a 56-day gestation, typically in January, February or sometimes March[7], then again from ... and there are typically multiple entrance holes per den. Despite being capable of tunnelling, they prefer to take over other ... The adult female gives birth to one or two litters per year, and the breeding pair is monogamous. The pair ranges the plains ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link). *Gennard, Dorothy E., 2007 Forensic entomology : an introduction ISBN 978-0-470 ... They prefer a moist corpse for their offspring (maggots) to feed on. The most significant types of fly include: *Blow flies - ... Flesh-flies, being viviparous, frequently give birth to live young on corpses of human and other animals, at any stage of ...
Birth of developmental biologyEdit. After the 1950s, with the DNA helical structure being unravelled and the increasing ... a cell containing multiple nuclei) known as a syncytium.[8][9] All the nuclei in the syncytium are identical, just as all the ... "Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells". Nature. 385 (6619): 810-813. doi:10.1038/385810a0. PMID ... Until the birth of modern embryology through observation of the mammalian ovum by von Baer in 1827, there was no clear ...
... although some produce only a single offspring. Those that produce multiple offspring tend to build nests for their young. These ... at birth, but not as coordinated as ungulates (hoofed mammals).[47] Infant care by the mother is relatively prolonged compared ... Since then, primate taxonomy has shifted between Strepsirrhini-Haplorhini and Prosimii-Anthropoidea multiple times.[50] ... which results in newborn offspring that are as little as one-third the size of haplorhine newborns.[103][114] Extant ...
John's was well-regarded academically and socially." Peter Byrne, The Many Worlds of Hugh Everett III: Multiple Universes, ... Feynman was of Jewish birth, but described himself as "an avowed atheist" by his early youth in Freethought of the Day, Freedom ... the notion that organisms may pass to their offspring characteristics they have acquired in their lifetime.[177][178] ...
Over time Australia has used various means to determine membership of ethnic groups such as lineage, blood quantum, birth and ... of the offspring of mixed marriages subsequently self identify as Indigenous Australians.[172] ... "Genomic and cranial phenotype data support multiple modern human dispersals from Africa and a southern route into Asia" (PDF) ... due to higher rates of birth and death.[210] For this reason, age standardisation is often used when comparing Indigenous and ...
Multiple prominent gelatinous mulberry-shaped nodules form beneath the corneal epithelium during the first decade of life in ... and especially in the presence of a positive family history or in the offspring of consanguineous parents. ... corneas from birth or infancy. ... In Granular corneal dystrophy multiple small white discrete ...
This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to ... The BBC documentary Music for Misfits: The Story of Indie[15] pinpoints the birth of indie as the 1977 self-publication of the ... Punk revival bands like Green Day and The Offspring also became popular and were grouped under the "alternative" umbrella.[9] ...
The female normally gives birth to twins and uses pheromones to prevent other females in the group from breeding. These ... While nonbreeding group members can be the leading pair's offspring, immigrant adults may also live with and cooperate in these ... Using habituation-discrimination paradigms in language experiments, this theory has been confirmed multiple times in literature ... The dominant female is more likely to give birth to nonidentical twins than a singleton, so it would be too energetically ...
1934 - Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring". ... United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth ... Public Domain Day (multiple countries). *Triumph of the Revolution (Cuba). ReferencesEdit. *^ "BORBONI, Paola in "Enciclopedia ...
Anderson HR, Pottier AC, Strachan DP (July 1992). "Asthma from birth to age 23: incidence and relation to prior and concurrent ... Does maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation affect outcomes in offspring? A systematic review of food-based approaches»։ ... "Incidence and prevalence of multiple allergic disorders recorded in a national primary care database". Journal of the Royal ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link). *^ Linnæus, Carl (1758). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes ... and ends with the birth of a single pup,[16] which typically weighs around 1.4 kg (3.1 lb).[37] Females give birth standing ... Mother anteaters carry their offspring on their backs until weaning them.. The giant anteater is listed as Vulnerable by the ... The giant anteater can be found in multiple habitats, including grassland and rainforest. It forages in open areas and rests in ...
"Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence?". Human Intelligence.. *^ a b c Alan, E.S. (2012). "Issues in Birth Order Research ... Furthermore, the two offspring will have an aunt/uncle-nephew/niece relation. An historical example of this is actress Gloria ... Birth order has no genetic basis.[18]. The social interaction that occurs as a result of birth order however is the most ... The theorizing and study of birth order can be traced back to Francis Galton's (1822-1911) theory of birth order and eminence ...
it is in the form of the variety show itself, network radio's offspring, that we can see the influence of vaudeville on radio ... At its height, vaudeville played across multiple strata of economic class and auditorium size. On the vaudeville circuit, it ... "birth" of vaudeville is October 24, 1881 at New York's Fourteenth Street Theatre, when Pastor famously staged the first bill of ...
However, colonies which have workers from multiple queens or queens which have mated multiple times will have worker-to-worker ... In other words, diploid offspring develop from fertilized eggs, and are normally female, while haploid offspring develop into ... A eusocial worker helping her mother birth more sisters propagates more of her own genes than had she reproduced herself. ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) *^ a b Hamilton, W. D. (1996). Narrow roads of gene land : the collected papers ...
"The offspring of Johann van Beethoven". Retrieved 2009-05-31.. *↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 "A Biography of Ludwig ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link). *. Clive, Peter (2001). Beethoven and His World: A Biographical Dictionary. New ... His date of birth is not known. Usually, it is given as December 16. This date is given based on evidence at the time: this is ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link). *. Bohle, Bruce, and Robert Sabin (1975). The International Cyclopedia of Music ...
"In many ways the most complex and potentially rewarding of all approaches, [DIT], with its multiple processes and cerebral ... An example of this is the demographic transition, which describes the fall of birth rates within industrialized societies. Dual ... It describes the evolutionary implications of vertical transmission, passing cultural traits from parents to offspring; oblique ...
Multiple XY pairsEdit. Monotremes possess four or five (platypus) pairs of XY sex chromosomes, each pair consisting of sex ... Suppose male births are less common than female.. *A newborn male then has better mating prospects than a newborn female, and ... Through sheer random assortment, an adult male may never pass on his Y chromosome if he only has female offspring. Thus, ... The wood lemming Myopus schisticolor, the Arctic lemming, Dicrostonyx torquatus, and multiple species in the grass mouse genus ...
The milk pools in grooves on her abdomen, allowing the young to lap it up.[10][49] After they hatch, the offspring are suckled ... the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young. Like other monotremes it senses prey through ... meaning that following fertilisation the ovum is split due to cell divisions into multiple, divisible daughter cells. This is ...
... which serves to provide the optimal birth spacing for survival of the offspring. From the eighteenth week of pregnancy (the ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Daly S, Owens R, Hartmann P; Owens; Hartmann (1993). "The short-term synthesis ... Using birth control pills to mimic the hormone levels of pregnancy, then discontinuing the birth control, followed by use of a ... Oxytocin contracts the smooth muscle of the uterus during and after birth, and during orgasm(s). After birth, oxytocin ...
Live birth rate are significantly higher with progesterone to assist implantation in ICSI cycles.[26] Also, addition of a GNRH ... The procedure is done under a microscope using multiple micromanipulation devices (micromanipulator, microinjectors and ... since the puncture of the oocyte can potentially avail for vertical transmission to the offspring.[32] ... The first successful pregnancies and births with the use of ROSI were achieved in 1995 by Jan Tesarik and his team.[6]The ...
... of births in the United States in 2002. Over that same time period, premature deliveries increased from 10.7% in 1992 to 12.1% ... Infertility treatments have produced an increase in multiple gestations with twins accounting for 3.3% ... Multiple Birth Offspring*. Obstetric Labor, Premature / prevention & control*. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Outcome. Pregnancy, ... Infertility treatments have produced an increase in multiple gestations with twins accounting for 3.3% of births in the United ...
The teen birth rate fell 10%, to 26.5 per 1,000 women aged 15-19. Birth rates declined for women in their 20s and increased f … ... A total of 3,932,181 births were registered in the United States in 2013, down less than 1% from 2012. The general fertility ... Multiple Birth Offspring / statistics & numerical data* * National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. ... The twin birth rate rose 2% to 33.7 per 1,000 births; the triplet and higher-order multiple birth rate dropped 4% to 119.5 per ...
ART-related multiple births represent a sizable proportion of all multiple births nationally and in selected states. Efforts ... Multiple Birth Offspring * Population Surveillance * Reproductive Techniques, Assisted / statistics & numerical data* * ... Public health action: ART-related multiple births represent a sizable proportion of all multiple births nationally and in ... Of the 40,687 infants born, 46% were twins, and 8% were triplet and higher order multiples. The total multiple-infant birth ...
2010 Shark virgin birth produces multiple, viable offspring. J. Hered. 101, 374-377. doi:10.1093/jhered/esp129 (doi:10.1093/ ... a single male offspring, multiple yolked ova). DNA was extracted from ethanol-preserved blood and screened at seven (A. ... 2007 Virgin birth in a hammerhead shark. Biol. Lett. 3, 425-427. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0189 (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0189). ... 2007 Virgin birth, genetic variation and inbreeding. Biol. Lett. 3, 715-716. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0293 (doi:10.1098/rsbl. ...
Multiple Birth Offspring / statistics & numerical data. Multivariate Analysis*. Norway / epidemiology. Registries / statistics ... We also provide an application to survival data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway.. ...
multiple birth. multiple birth, bringing forth of more than one offspring at birth. Although many smaller mammals bear several ... The incidence of multiple-egg births is in part genetically determined, varying according to race and family tendencies; and it ... The use of these drugs has led to a rise in the incidence of multiple births, including sextuplets, septuplets, and octuplets. ... multiple births are relatively uncommon in humans and other primates. Twinning, the process that leads to the production of ...
Categories: Multiple Birth Offspring Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Offspring Birth Weight: A Genetically-Informed Approach Comparing Multiple Raters. ... Late-preterm birth, maternal symptomatology, and infant negativity. Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 33, Issue. 4, p. 545 ... Medical Record Validation of Maternal Recall of Pregnancy and Birth Events From a Twin Cohort. Twin Research and Human Genetics ... The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring outcomes. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 50, Issue. 1-2, p. 13. ...
Animals with multiple births could not possibly nurse countless offspring; except for weaning and forcibly denying a continual ... Our sheep would have had to nurse half a dozen offspring simultaneously before they stopped bearing. ... population of both would have long ceased otherwise as neither animals nor humans can continue nursing the first offspring ...
A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. A term most ... and multiple births may be more common than single births. Multiple births in humans are the exception and can be exceptionally ... Terms used for multiple births or the genetic relationships of their offspring: *Monozygotic - multiple (typically two) fetuses ... Very high-order multiple birthsEdit. In 1997, the McCaughey septuplets were born in Carlisle, Iowa. Multiple births of as many ...
Multiple Birth Offspring; Parity; Pregnancy; Reproductive Techniques, Assisted; Spain; Triplets; Twins. Materias:. Ciencias , ... Factors associated with recent increase of multiple births in Spain. Twin research and human genetics, 11 (1). pp. 70-76. ISSN ... The increased incidence of multiple deliveries in Spain, in addition to changes in age at maternity and parity, is attributed ... Since 1997, Spanish and non-Spanish mothers differentiate with respect to multiple maternity at ages over 30. In addition to ...
... preterm birth (PTB) and anthropometric and neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring. Studies reporting data on the association ... Offspring of vitamin D-insufficient mothers had lower scores in mental (MD −1.12 points; 95% CI −1.82, −0.42 cm) and language ... Vitamin D-deficient mothers (,30 nmol/L) had offspring with lower birthweight (MD −87.82 g; 95% CI −119.73, −55.91 g), head ... Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may influence adverse outcomes in offspring. The aim of this systematic review and meta- ...
Dogs and cats give birth to multiple offspring at a time. Multiply that by the above figure and ask yourself if it is really ...
... multiple fission explanation free. What is multiple fission? Meaning of multiple fission medical term. What does multiple ... Looking for online definition of multiple fission in the Medical Dictionary? ... multiple birth. more than one offspring in a gestation and parturition.. multiple causation. a disease in which a combination, ... multiple fission. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to multiple fission ...
Infanticide allowed for selection of the fittest or most desirable offspring, with sick, deformed, female, or multiple births ... In addition the birth of an anomalous infant was sometimes attributed to demonic intervention: Such births were seen as the ... Infanticide is usually carried out at birth or in the first month, before the performance of the infants birth ceremony. These ... See also:Abortion; Birth Control: Contraceptive Methods; Birth Control: Sociocultural and Historical Aspects; Child Abuse: ...
Birth Defects and Multiple Births A woman who carries multiple offspring at the same time increases the risk of... ... Suppose a human generation is defined as the average time from birth to childbearing, which is about 20 years l... ...
... birth injury explanation free. What is birth injury? Meaning of birth injury medical term. What does birth injury mean? ... Looking for online definition of birth injury in the Medical Dictionary? ... multiple birth. the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period. ... birth order. the chronological order of births in a multiple birth. May have significance in causing stillbirths if the ...
Low maternal exposure to ultraviolet radiation in pregnancy, month of birth, and risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring: ... Multiple sclerosis and ultraviolet radiation: time to shed more light. Neuroepidemiology 2001;20:165-7. ... Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been shown in ecological studies to have generally greater incidence and prevalence at higher ... Optimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels for multiple health outcomes. Adv Exp Med Biol 2008;624:55-71. ...
The association between exposure to interferon-beta during pregnancy and birth measurements in offspring of women with multiple ... The association between exposure to interferon-beta during pregnancy and birth measurements in offspring of women with multiple ... 2019). Risk of comorbidity in patients with multiple sclerosis: a nationwide cohort study in Sweden. Multiple Sclerosis, 25 ( ... 2019). Risk of osteoporosis and fractures in patients with multiple sclerosis: a nationwide cohort study in Sweden. Multiple ...
... dates of birth and assessed a potential season of birth effect that could potentially be indicative of the vitamin D status of ... This paradoxical finding led us to assess its implications for the epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in humans. Using the ... when compared with control offspring. We then wondered whether a similar response was observed in the subsequent generation. To ... A trend for a reduced number of births in the Fall for the parents of MS patients was observed but statistical significance was ...
The association between exposure to interferon-beta during pregnancy and birth measurements in offspring of women with multiple ... Microbiome varies between multiple sclerosis subtypes.. Nat Rev Neurol. 2020 Apr 2. pii: 10.1038/s41582-020-0354.. PubMed ... Do subcortical gray matter volumes and aerobic capacity account for cognitive-motor coupling in multiple sclerosis?. Mult Scler ... Treating multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic.. Neurology. 2020 Apr 2. ...
... such as increasing the odds of having low birth weight infants. However, the mechanisms explaining how a mothers smoking is ... Maternal smoking has been found to adversely affect birth outcomes, ... Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring birth weight: A genetically-informed approach comparing multiple raters. ... Maternal smoking has been found to adversely affect birth outcomes, such as increasing the odds of having low birth weight ...
Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring birth weight: a genetically-informed approach comparing multiple raters. ... Paradis, AD, Shenassa, ED, Papandonatos, GD, Rogers, ML and Buka, SL (2017) Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring ... Keyes, KM, Davey Smith, G and Susser, E (2014) Associations of prenatal maternal smoking with offspring hyperactivity: causal ... Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) has been linked to offsprings externalizing problems. It has been argued that socio- ...
The association between exposure to interferon-beta during pregnancy and birth measurements in offspring of women with multiple ... Month of birth as a latitude-dependent risk factor for multiple sclerosis in Norway. Mult Scler 2013 Jul;19(8):1028-34. Epub ... Month of birth as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis: an update. Acta Neurol Scand Suppl 2012. PMID: 23278658 ... International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium.. Low-Frequency and Rare-Coding Variation Contributes to Multiple ...
... breeding across the mammalian phylogeny have been restricted to lineages where females produce multiple offspring per birth. We ... the number of offspring a female produces per birth, and (b) the length of the inter-birth interval in number of months. All ... range 1-15 offspring per birth, median 2, n = 1573, F = 16.55, t = 4.07, p , 0.001; figure 1a). The high reproductive rate of ... range 1-8 offspring per birth, median 2, n = 101 species, F = 8.17, t = 2.86, p = 0.005) or than other mammalian species ( ...
bringing forth of more than one offspring at birth. Although many smaller mammals bear several young at a time, multiple births ... Looking for Multiple gestation? Find out information about Multiple gestation. ... are relatively uncommon in... Explanation of Multiple gestation ... multiple birth,. bringing forth of more than one offspring at ... multiple birth. (redirected from Multiple gestation). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.. Related to ...
Shark virgin birth produces multiple, viable offspring. Journal of Heredity 101(3): 374-377. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esp129. Adult ... But in both cases, the parthenogenetic offspring didnt live long. Are the offspring able to make it to adulthood?. A new paper ... A few years ago, a bonnethead shark made the news because one had given birth. Giving birth is not unusual for sharks... except ... DNA testing confirmed that the offspring had the same genetic make-up as the mother. Definitely parthenogenesis going on here. ...
Conjugal multiple sclerosis: population-based prevalence and recurrence risks in offspring. Canadian Collaborative Study Group. ... Season of birth in multiple sclerosis in Sweden: replication of Denmark findings.J Orthomol Med1994; 9:71-74. ... Timing of birth and risk of multiple sclerosis: population based study BMJ 2005; 330 :120 ... Is season of birth associated with multiple sclerosis?Acta Neurol Scand2000; 101:381-3. ...
Offsprings age- and sex-specific body mass index z-scores (BMIZ) at birth, 5 months, 12 months, and 7 years were calculated ... After excluding women with pre-gestational diabetes, missing FPG concentrations, multiple-/still-births, and medication ... births). Live birth intervals (months) were generated from the "Date of last live birth" item and the date of birth occurring ... the birth occurring in 2013 from the live birth interval to get time from a previous birth to conception of the current birth. ...
  • Prenatal diagnosis and multiple pregnancy. (
  • Multiple births are associated with increased risk for mothers and infants (e.g., pregnancy complications, premature delivery, low-birthweight infants, and long-term disability among infants). (
  • Whether an ART procedure resulted in a pregnancy and live-birth delivery varied according to different patient and treatment factors. (
  • Effects of Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy on Offspring Externalizing Problems: Contextual Effects in a Sample of Female Twins. (
  • An Investigation of the Role of Xenobiotic Metabolism Genes in the Association Between Smoke Exposure During Pregnancy and Child Birth Weight. (
  • Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Offspring Birth Weight: A Genetically-Informed Approach Comparing Multiple Raters. (
  • Medical Record Validation of Maternal Recall of Pregnancy and Birth Events From a Twin Cohort. (
  • The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring outcomes. (
  • A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy , wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. (
  • A multiple pregnancy may be the result of the fertilization of a single egg that then splits to create identical fetuses, or it may be the result of the fertilization of multiple eggs that create fraternal fetuses, or it may be a combination of these factors. (
  • A multiple pregnancy from a single zygote is called monozygotic , from two zygotes is called dizygotic , or from three or more zygotes is called polyzygotic . (
  • Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may influence adverse outcomes in offspring. (
  • Maternal vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy, fetal growth patterns, and risks of adverse birth outcomes. (
  • Moreover, when categorizing maternal pre-pregnancy BMI into four weight statuses (i.e., underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese), we found that, in contrast to mothers with normal weight status, underweight mothers are 70% more likely to have a low birth weight child. (
  • In a previous study, we demonstrated that mouse adult F 1 offspring, exposed to a vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, developed a less severe and delayed Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), when compared with control offspring. (
  • The association between exposure to interferon-beta during pregnancy and birth measurements in offspring of women with multiple sclerosis. (
  • Ewes only begin to visibly show a pregnancy about six weeks before giving birth, so shepherds often rely on the assumption that a ram will impregnate all the ewes in a flock. (
  • Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy . (
  • Daar ontvangt pregnancy de zorg en begeleiding pre-treatment is one fallopian tube clomid first testing uw persoonlijke ovulation. (
  • A twin is one of two offspring produced in the same pregnancy. (
  • which describes the impact of the implementation of new legislation in Quebec, Canada, on the rates of multiple births and pregnancy. (
  • The authors say: "It is logical to use the cumulative pregnancy rate or cumulative live birth rate per initiated cycle, combining results from transfer of fresh and frozen embryos, as the standard measure of a patient's chances for a baby. (
  • Monozygotic pregnancy gives birth to identical twins, of the same sex, as all the embryos are carrying the same genetic material from one single zygote. (
  • There are tests that you can have between 10 and 20 weeks of your pregnancy that can tell if your babies are at risk for certain genetic disorders or birth defects. (
  • Does maternal smoking during pregnancy predict the smoking patterns of young adult offspring? (
  • Staples J, Ponsonby A-L, Lim L. Low maternal exposure to ultraviolet radiation in pregnancy, month of birth, and risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring: longitudinal analysis. (
  • We strongly believe that it does no service to our patients to achieve a pregnancy at the expense of having multiple gestation babies with the real possibility of life-long health issues. (
  • Live birth rate will be lower after accounting for miscarriage and pregnancy loss. (
  • Having gone to all the trouble of arranging an appropriate mating for your cow, sow or other animal, it is up to you to ensure that the pregnancy is carried to full term and results in healthy live offspring. (
  • In the case of animals that usually give birth to multiple offspring, it may be that not all of the embryos will be lost, in which case the pregnancy will progress as normal except with fewer foetuses, and the resulting offspring will have lower birth weights than would be expected for their litter size. (
  • Our findings suggest that hormonal and physiologic conditions in pregnancy with male, but not with female, offspring are associated with a lowered maternal risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer. (
  • While antidepressant use during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth and neurodevelopmental outcomes, these associations may be attributed to confounding factors, such as genetic influences, maternal stress, or poor health practices during pregnancy. (
  • Parity and year of birth were pregnancy covariates. (
  • Conclusion: Psychological complications of multiple IVF pregnancies include increased anxiety during pregnancy and, for fathers, poorer mental health in the early postpartum period. (
  • Elective single-embryo transfer has been proposed as a strategy to reduce the risk of multiple birth and adverse pregnancy outcomes after in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). (
  • Similarly, high-fat feeding during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity and glucose intolerance ( 11 ), inflammation ( 12 ), altered hypothalamic signaling ( 13 ), and hepatic lipogenesis ( 14 ). (
  • Preclinical studies suggest that propofol may cause neuronal injury to the offspring of primates if it is administered during pregnancy. (
  • Thus, this study suggested that propofol exposure during pregnancy in rat increased cleaved caspsase-3 levels in fetal brain, deletion of neurons, reduced synaptophysin levels in the hippocampal region, and persistent learning deficits in the offspring. (
  • Recently, the study focus has started to shift to stress that is associated to the pregnancy itself, i.e. pregnancy-specific stress, which has been found to have better predictive value on different offspring outcomes in the first years of life, but research of its association with psychiatric problems of the child is still scarce. (
  • The multiple pregnancy rate is not increased with GnRH treatment. (
  • Obesity and polycystic ovaries are common in this group, so that gonadotrophin and GnRH treatment are associated with lower responses compared with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, and higher multiple pregnancy rates. (
  • Serious adverse events were defined as AEs meeting one of the following: death, life-threatening, required or prolonged in-patient hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of an exposed participant, important medical events that may jeopardize the participant and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed above, or pregnancy or suspected pregnancy. (
  • Aim: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is sometimes associated with adverse outcomes in offspring, potentially mediated by epigenetic modifications. (
  • Materials & methods: We meta-analyzed information from six population-based birth cohorts within the Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics consortium. (
  • Objectives: The primary objective of this thesis was to determine if maternal exposure to phthalates during the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with penile length (PL) or width (PW) at birth in full term singleton boys. (
  • Conclusions: Based on our results, exposure to phthalates at levels representative of the Canadian population in the first trimester of pregnancy did not have a significant impact on PL/PW at birth in singletons born at term. (
  • Research has shown that a mother's BMI during pregnancy is associated with greater birth size of her offspring. (
  • While the researchers found associations between maternal BMI before pregnancy and offspring BMI at all ages, these associations were largely explained by transmission of genes associated with fatness. (
  • With the decreasing gestation time, the risks from immaturity at birth and subsequent viability increase with the size of the sibling group. (
  • Such interactions may act during gestation or shortly after birth in individuals born in the northern countries studied. (
  • 1 This may implicate environmental factor(s) such as shared timing of gestation or birth, or both. (
  • 21 , 22 Multiple-gestation infants are more likely than singletons to require neonatal intensive care and have longer hospital stays after birth. (
  • Females typically give birth to a single offspring after a gestation of about 155 days, which means they could have multiple births within a year. (
  • Many patients wish to avoid having even a twin multiple gestation. (
  • This allows your doctor to ensure that follicles (containing eggs) are growing, but not at a rate or speed that could be dangerous and lead to a multiple gestation birth. (
  • Multiple-gestation babies are born prematurely 57% of the time for twins and 96% of the time for triplets. (
  • Offspring born from multiple gestation births are also five times more likely to develop cerebral palsy. (
  • Nonidentical twins, the most common kind of multiple birth among humans, occur in about 1 out of every 80 pregnancies. (
  • CPMs are specifically trained to provide out-of-hospital maternity care for healthy women experiencing normal pregnancies ans they offer a family-centred model of care, which is associated with reducing the incidence of caesarean section, birth injury and trauma, as well as significantly lowering the cost of maternity care. (
  • Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 weeks, three weeks less than full term. (
  • The aim was to reduce multiple pregnancies, described as "the major negative side effect of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology), by controlling the number of embryos that could be transferred in any one cycle. (
  • Multiple pregnancies occur when the uterus nurtures more than one fetus. (
  • Giving birth to twins is the most common form of multiple pregnancies. (
  • In human, multiple pregnancies are very rare. (
  • The other forms of multiple pregnancies are too rare, with only one in every 6,400 women giving birth to triplets. (
  • However, high order multiple pregnancies are not completely unknown. (
  • Most multiple pregnancies are a result of polyzygotic phenomenon. (
  • Fertility reproduction and Assisted Reproductive technology (ART) may result in the higher orders of multiple pregnancies. (
  • As a result, each of these eggs gets fertilized to cause multiple pregnancies. (
  • This may result in multiple pregnancies. (
  • Multiple pregnancies may be genetic in the woman's side of the family. (
  • Multiple pregnancies are more common amongst the black Africans. (
  • Only a very small number of twin pregnancies remain undetected until birth. (
  • Women with unplanned pregnancies were more likely to handle cytotoxic drugs on a daily basis (RR = 1.86, 95% CI, 1.00-3.48) and had a higher increased risk of birth defects than those who planned their pregnancies in recent graduates and in those who worked specifically in small animal practice (RR = 2.53, 95% CI, 1.18-5.42). (
  • Research question: Elective single-embryo transfer (eSET) at blastocyst stage is widely used to reduce the frequency of multiple pregnancies after IVF. (
  • Conclusion: The results provide the first successful construction, validation and impact analysis of a day 2 transfer PM to reduce multiple pregnancies. (
  • Mono-ovulatory cycles for women are optimal because singleton pregnancies have a better outcome than multiples. (
  • [13] Other factors that increase the odds of having fraternal twins include maternal age, fertility drugs and other fertility treatments, nutrition, and prior births. (
  • Other implications in the pathogenesis of CD include infectious agents such as Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and Pseudomonas and Listeria species, and perinatal influences including prematurity, socioeconomic family status at birth, and higher maternal age. (
  • Advanced maternal age has been known to be associated with perinatal outcomes, as well as birth weight (BW). (
  • Average BW has a negative correlation with the ratio of preterm births, LBW, multiple births, and advanced maternal age. (
  • This study also revealed that several perinatal factors, including percentage of preterm births, LBWIs, multiple births, and maternal age influence the mean BW. (
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of shifts in maternal age and parity on the increasing trends in the low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) rates from 2005 to 2015 in South Korea. (
  • Applying a modified standardization method, we partitioned the total increment in the LBW and VLBW rates into (1) the increase in the LBW and VLBW rates due to changes in the maternal age and parity distribution (AP-dis) and (2) the increase due to changes in the age-specific and parity-specific rates (AP-spe) of LBW and VLBW for singleton and multiple births, respectively. (
  • Impacts on geographical variation of individual social class, maternal age, multiple birth and smoking were assessed. (
  • Although many smaller mammals bear several young at a time, multiple births are relatively uncommon in humans and other primates. (
  • In non-humans, the whole group may also be referred to as a litter , and multiple births may be more common than single births. (
  • Multiple births in humans are the exception and can be exceptionally rare in the largest mammals. (
  • Twins are by far the most common form of multiple births in humans. (
  • This paradoxical finding led us to assess its implications for the epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in humans. (
  • Largely as a result of the influence of humans in sheep breeding, ewes often produce multiple lambs. (
  • the triplet and higher-order multiple birth rate dropped 4% to 119.5 per 100,000 total births. (
  • Of the 40,687 infants born, 46% were twins, and 8% were triplet and higher order multiples. (
  • In the United States, it has been estimated that by 2011, 36% of twin births and 78% of triplet and higher-order births resulted from conception by assisted reproductive technology . (
  • You should always select replacement animals from multiple births (a twin or triplet lamb) and from ewes with good mothering qualities. (
  • Twin and triplet births can be costly at the time of delivery and as future children mature. (
  • Twin births often cost $100,000 in immediate medical expenses and triplet births are closer to $400,000. (
  • The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was to assess the association between low prenatal concentrations of 25(OH)D (by using three different cut-off levels), preterm birth (PTB) and anthropometric and neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring. (
  • Studies reporting data on the association between maternal vitamin D concentrations and offspring outcomes identified through a systematic review of scientific literature published in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and the Cochrane Library databases up to April 2017. (
  • Maternal smoking has been found to adversely affect birth outcomes, such as increasing the odds of having low birth weight infants. (
  • Studies have suggested that outcomes among low birth weight infants improved when behavioral cues were used to restructure the environment and modify caregiving interventions. (
  • Although multiple births make up a small proportion of all live births, twins and higher-order multiples are at an increased risk for poor birth outcomes such as preterm birth and low birth weight. (
  • Despite decades of prenatal programming research showing that "the womb may be more important than the home" with respect to offspring health outcomes, no studies of which we are aware have considered multiple indicators of maternal stress to identify the types of maternal stress that most influence developing offspring. (
  • This study's key contributions include the use of a data-driven procedure to specify types of maternal stress-psychological and subclinical physical health indicators-that predict offspring outcomes including sex at birth, risk of preterm birth, and fetal neurodevelopment. (
  • Social support is a key factor differentiating the stress groups and a malleable intervention target to improve offspring outcomes. (
  • Background: Psychological outcomes of successful in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment are poorly understood, particularly in couples experiencing a multiple birth. (
  • Measurement of underlying rates, and geographical variation in rates, of adverse birth outcomes are tools in monitoring these priorities. (
  • Such births are often named according to the number of offspring, as in twins and triplets . (
  • This average decreases for each additional fetus: to thirty-six weeks for twin births, thirty-two weeks for triplets, and thirty weeks for quadruplets. (
  • Twins, triplets and quadruples may bear naturally, by fertilization of multiple eggs or splitting of the eggs. (
  • Late-preterm birth, maternal symptomatology, and infant negativity. (
  • Infertility treatments have produced an increase in multiple gestations with twins accounting for 3.3% of births in the United States in 2002. (
  • Fraternal twins may or may not be of the same sex and need not resemble each other more than do any other two offspring of the same parents. (
  • In the United States twins occur once in approximately 40 births. (
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report more than 132,000 sets of twins out of 3.9 million births of all kinds each year, about 3.4%, or 1 in 30. (
  • Classic studies of twins, adoptees, half siblings, and families 1 - 4 have led to a widely accepted notion that multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex trait in which susceptibility is determined by the interplay of genes and environmental factors. (
  • Cobedding twins or higher-order multiples is the practice of placing siblings in the same crib, bed, or incubator. (
  • In Central Africa , there are 18-30 twin sets (or 36-60 twins) per 1,000 live births. (
  • Usage is practically equivalent with heteropaternal superfecundation , which occurs when two different males father fraternal twins, because though superfecundation by the same father is thought to be a common occurrence, it can only be proven to have occurred with multiple fathers. (
  • One, out of 80 women, gives birth to twins. (
  • First-born rather than second-born twins have been reported to be at higher risk, but no association between birth order and CD risk was found in other studies. (
  • They give birth to singletons rather than twins, and males take on less of a child-rearing role than marmoset or tamarin fathers. (
  • The use of these drugs has led to a rise in the incidence of multiple births, including sextuplets, septuplets, and octuplets. (
  • and 21% resulted in a singleton live birth. (
  • In contrast, a fetus that develops alone in the womb is called a singleton , and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is multiple . (
  • A total of 7,407 cases and 37,658 controls with only singleton births were included in the analysis. (
  • A population-based cohort study from Norway, on the other hand, found no association between offspring gender and maternal risk of ovarian cancer, although those with twin girls had a nonsignificant increased risk than those with singleton births ( 15 ). (
  • To investigate the association between micronutrients and birth weight, we measured maternal and cord blood micronutrients (vitamin A, C, D, and E) and ferritin in 84 term, singleton infants born to healthy Arab and South Asian women at Al-Ain hospital. (
  • Risk of cancer among multiple sclerosis patients, siblings, and population controls: A prospective cohort study. (
  • Design Prospective population-based UK birth cohort study. (
  • Other times, during your prenatal tests, the doctor may find abnormally high levels of hCG since multiple babies will increase the levels of these hormones. (
  • The prenatal environment is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for chronic disease in offspring ( 1 ). (
  • Objective: Prenatal maternal stress has been associated with a higher risk of psychiatric problems of the offspring in childhood. (
  • Mothers' concurrent depression and multiple socio-demographic, prenatal and birth outcome factors associated with a risk of psychiatric problems were used as covariates. (
  • In single births, hCG should almost double every 48 hours. (
  • Cox regression modeling was used to compare psychiatric hospitalization risks among offspring of suicide decedents and propensity score-matched offspring of accident decedents. (
  • Offspring of maternal suicide decedents had increased risk of suicide-attempt hospitalization, after controlling for psychiatric hospitalization for decedents and surviving parents, compared with offspring of maternal accidental decedents. (
  • Offspring of paternal suicide decedents had similar risk of suicide-attempt hospitalization, compared with offspring of accident decedents, but had increased risk of hospitalization attributable to depressive and anxiety disorders. (
  • Maternal suicide is associated with increased risk of suicide-attempt hospitalization for offspring, beyond the risk associated with maternal accidental death. (
  • Number of embryos transferred and embryo availability (an indicator of embryo quality) were also strong predictors of multiple-birth risk. (
  • Listed bile body is associated far not with a enzyme in cheap tissue link, multiple births with clomid but not with a dose in information embryo. (
  • Our clinic has experienced great success with single embryo transfers, thus significantly reducing the risk of multiple embryo implantation and multiple births. (
  • There are, however, concerns about increased risks for the offspring with prolonged embryo culture. (
  • This PM was validated in 2004-2016 including frozen-thawed transfers (FET), to compare cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) and twin rate before (1999-2002 fresh embryo transfers plus FET from the same oocyte retrievals until the end of 2007, n=3495) and after (2004-2011 fresh embryo transfers plus FET from the same oocyte retrievals until the end of 2016, n=11195) implementing the model. (
  • The psychiatrist Phillip Resnick further limits neonaticide to the killing of an infant on the day of its birth. (
  • 2. The supposed emotional injury, inflicted by events incident to birth, on an infant which allegedly appears in symbolic form in patients with mental illness. (
  • We found that maternal body mass index (BMI) (in kg/m 2 ), a widely used measure of weight status, reduces the odds of delivering a low birth weight infant, and this mechanism explains about 10.2% of the adverse impact of maternal smoking on having a low birth weight child. (
  • Our findings suggest that maternal weight status plays a role in understanding how maternal smoking affects low birth weight outcome, indicating that maintaining a proper weight status for women who plan to give birth may be a possible policy to promote infant health. (
  • Also, we should note that if US insurers are allowed to raise premiums based upon a person's pre-existing conditions (like cerebral palsy, or even cesarean birth) the risks and costs for having a premature infant will rise. (
  • Methods Northern Ireland data on stillbirths, infant mortality and low birth weight (1992-2002) were linked to board (n=4), district council (n=26) and 1991 census wards (n=568). (
  • Since 1997, Spanish and non-Spanish mothers differentiate with respect to multiple maternity at ages over 30. (
  • One exception, as researchers report in the American Journal of Human Genetics , is chromosomal shattering, termed chromothripsis, which the authors found in healthy mothers who had each given birth to a severely affected child. (
  • Dr. Kloosterman and his team studied three families whose children suffer from multiple abnormalities due to chromothripsis that they inherited from their mothers. (
  • In addition, the proportion of older mothers (≥ 35 years old) giving birth to LBWIs has increased over the years. (
  • Abstract Objective: This study aimed to examine the differences between mothers of preterm multiples and mothers of preterm singletons regarding perceived stress and maternal psychological symptoms, and to explore the putative adverse amplified effect of socioeconomic disadvantage. (
  • Results: Results indicated that mothers of preterm multiples reported higher levels of stress than mothers of preterm singletons. (
  • Moreover, and specifically regarding psychological functioning, mothers of preterm multiples reported more symptoms than mothers of preterm singletons, but only when living in a context of socioeconomic adversity. (
  • Mothers of preterm multiples are at higher risk to present mental health difficulties, in comparison to mothers of singletons, especially when exposed to socioeconomic adversities. (
  • The development of psychosocial intervention programs and public policies are of decisive importance in helping mothers of multiples adjust to parenthood. (
  • The teen birth rate fell 10%, to 26.5 per 1,000 women aged 15-19. (
  • The total fertility rate (estimated number of births over a woman's lifetime) declined 1% to 1,857.5 per 1,000 women. (
  • The human twin birth rate in the United States rose 76% from 1980 through 2009, from 18.8 to 33.3 (or 9.4 to 16.7 twin sets) per 1,000 births. (
  • only 6 to 9 twin sets per 1,000 live births. (
  • North America and Europe have intermediate rates of 9 to 16 twin sets per 1,000 live births. (
  • The overall prevalence of CP was 1.16 per 1,000 live births (99% CI, 0.88-1.48) in 1980 and 0.99 (CI, 0.80-1.20) in 1998. (
  • Fetuses resulting from different zygotes are called fraternal and share only 50% of their genetic material, as ordinary full siblings from separate births do. (
  • DNA testing confirmed that the offspring had the same genetic make-up as the mother. (
  • Objectives To determine if risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with month of birth in countries in the northern hemisphere and if factors related to month of birth interact with genetic risk. (
  • 8] As stated earlier we feel that the trans-generational associations between birth weight and cardiovascular disease and risk factors are complex involving a number of factors - including genetic and non-genetic. (
  • Compston A. Genetic epidemiology of multiple sclerosis. (
  • Genetic risk and primary role for cell-mediated immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis. (
  • Future studies should examine factors that might differ between offspring who experience maternal versus paternal suicide, including genetic or early environmental determinants. (
  • In the new study, the researchers used body mass and genetic information on 6,057 mother-offspring pairs from two prospective birth cohort studies. (
  • There have been a few cases of octuplets (eight offspring) too. (
  • Neonatal outcome will primarily depend on the gestational age at delivery and the birth weight of the babies. (
  • Main outcome measure Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. (
  • A third model compared exposure-and outcome-discordant offspring within families. (
  • Birth and fertility rates are presented by age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, and marital status. (
  • Arts hotel 2014 in multiple births with clomid the ease fertility well order all arrhythmias of out clomid on this tissue, has love you, hvorbolezn, unpleasant vermoeid cycles it. (
  • Clomiphene is considered egg category x. clomid is the free fertility estrogen of multiple births with clomid ovulation flow, and is already a color at all, but it is approximately used by tubes as an near test. (
  • CONCLUSION: Over the past three decades, multiple births have risen dramatically in Korea, primarily due to the increasingly widespread use of fertility therapies, and the delayed age of childbearing. (
  • Studies Find Potential Link Between Ondansetron Birth Defects. (
  • We examined the association of occupational exposure to handling cytotoxic drugs at work with risk of birth defects among a cohort of female veterinarians. (
  • This study suggests that the adverse effects of handling cytotoxic drugs in pregnant women may include an increased risk of birth defects. (
  • Shirangi A, Bower C, Holman CDJ, Preen DB, Bruce N. A Study of Handling Cytotoxic Drugs and Risk of Birth Defects in Offspring of Female Veterinarians. (
  • However, the presence of this phenomenon in healthy individuals impacts reproduction by leading to difficulties getting pregnant, miscarriages, and the birth of children with multiple birth defects, including intellectual disability. (
  • In all three children, the alterations resulted in deletions and duplications of chromosomal regions, which most likely explains the children's birth defects. (
  • Now, new research has shown that atrazine is causing an uptick in birth defects. (
  • Dr. Paul Winchester, medical director of the Neonatal and Intensive Care Unit at St. Francis Hospital in Indianapolis, recently led a study investigating why there is a higher incidence of birth defects in Indiana, compared to other states. (
  • As Eco Watch reports, Dr. Winchester launched his investigation into atrazine and birth defects after he noticed a markedly higher number of birth defects when he relocated from Denver, CO to Indiana. (
  • I was used to the number of birth defects I should see in a community hospital, and I saw many more in Indiana," he reportedly commented. (
  • We plotted water concentrations and birth defects, and they fit like a hat," Winchester noted. (
  • Impaired connectivity within neuromodulatory networks in multiple sclerosis and clinical implications. (
  • Do subcortical gray matter volumes and aerobic capacity account for cognitive-motor coupling in multiple sclerosis? (
  • It has been proposed that those born in winter/spring months have an increased risk of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) [ 1 - 6 ]. (
  • Safety and efficacy of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for multiple sclerosis in Norway. (
  • Validation of the multiple sclerosis diagnosis in the Norwegian Patient Registry. (
  • The Norwegian translation of the brief international cognitive assessment for multiple sclerosis (BICAMS). (
  • International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium. (
  • Low-Frequency and Rare-Coding Variation Contributes to Multiple Sclerosis Risk. (
  • Neurofilament Light Chain as a Biomarker in Multiple Sclerosis. (
  • Multiple sclerosis registries in Europe - An updated mapping survey. (
  • B cell depletion in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. (
  • Bjornevik K, Myhr KM, Beiske A, Bjerve KS, Holmøy T, Hovdal H, Midgard R, Riise T, Wergeland S, Torkildsen Ø α-Linolenic acid is associated with MRI activity in a prospective cohort of multiple sclerosis patients. (
  • Shedding light on the link between early life sun exposure and risk of multiple sclerosis: results from the EnvIMS Study. (
  • Gut microbiota composition during a 12-week intervention with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis - a pilot trial. (
  • An Update on Vitamin D and Disease Activity in Multiple Sclerosis. (
  • Populations 17 874 Canadian patients and 11 502 British patients with multiple sclerosis. (
  • Luzzio C. Multiple sclerosis. (
  • Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis: 2017 revisions of the McDonald criteria. (
  • Midgard R. Incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Norway. (
  • High prevalence and no latitude gradient of multiple sclerosis in Norway. (
  • Time trends in the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Norway during eight decades. (
  • Diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis. (
  • Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. (
  • Environmenrtal factors and multiple sclerosis. (
  • Environmental risk factors and multiple sclerosis: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. (
  • The International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium & the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium. (
  • Multiple sclerosis and Epstein-Barr virus. (
  • Vitamin D as an early predictor of Multiple sclerosis activity and progression. (
  • Effect of comorbidity on mortality in multiple sclerosis. (
  • Vitamin D for the management of multiple sclerosis. (
  • Lucchinetti CF, Bruck W, Rodriguez M, Lassmann H. Distinct patterns of multiple sclerosis pathology indicates heterogeneity in pathogenesis. (
  • Mohr DC, Hart SL, Julian L, Cox D, Pelletier D. Association between stressful life events and exacerbation in multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. (
  • Multiple sclerosis - the plaque and its pathogenesis. (
  • Intracortical multiple sclerosis lesions are not associated with increased lymphocyte infiltration. (
  • Subpial demyelination in the cerebral cortex of multiple sclerosis patients. (
  • Geurts JJ, Bo L, Pouwels PJ, Castelijns JA, Polman CH, Barkhof F. Cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis: combined postmortem MR imaging and histopathology. (
  • Here we show, using microsatellite DNA genotyping and litter characteristics, the first cases of FP in wild-collected pregnant females and their offspring of two closely related species of North American pitviper snakes-the copperhead ( Agkistrodon contortrix ) and cottonmouth ( Agkistrodon piscivorus ). (
  • Using the REFGENSEP database for MS trios (the patient and his/her parents), we collected the parents' dates of birth and assessed a potential season of birth effect that could potentially be indicative of the vitamin D status of the pregnant grandmothers. (
  • Statues of pregnant women dating from the Paleolithic period are important as indicators of the earliest attachment of religious significance to birth. (
  • Pregnant rats administered isoflurane on gestational day 14 (G14) had birthed pups that subsequently showed significant deficits in spatial working memory as adults [ 6 , 7 ]. (
  • Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are associated with obesity and diabetes risk in offspring. (
  • For example, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), excessive gestational weight gain, and maternal obesity ( 3 - 5 ) are all associated with increased risk of obesity and/or glucose intolerance in offspring. (
  • The different authors describe increased risks of infertility, congenital malformations, small for gestational age, low birth weight, cancer in childhood, as well as effects from single substances. (
  • The increased incidence of multiple deliveries in Spain, in addition to changes in age at maternity and parity, is attributed to assisted reproductive treatments, but the relative contribution of the latter to this rise remains uncertain, due to the scarce information provided by clinics practicing those treatments. (
  • Population based data (1984-2004), including information on mother's age, nationality, marital status, date of delivery, and the characteristics of each (parity, single or multiple), and sex of newborns were provided by the Spanish Institute of Statistics. (
  • A term most applicable to placental species, multiple births occur in most kinds of mammals, with varying frequencies. (
  • Previous studies in mammals have shown that females of cooperative breeders commonly have larger litters and shorter inter-birth intervals than non-cooperative social species [ 14 - 17 ]. (
  • Although this correlation has normally been interpreted as evidence that cooperative breeding allows reproductive output to increase, helping could also be particularly beneficial in species in which females have particularly large costs of raising offspring: for example, in birds, cooperative breeding appears to have evolved more frequently in altricial than in precocial lineages [ 18 ], and in species that depend on scarce or unpredictable resources [ 19 , 20 ]. (
  • We first assess whether cooperatively breeding mammals differ from other species in their age of first reproduction, maximum longevity, adult mortality, reproductive investment (neonatal-, litter- and weaning-mass relative to body mass) or reproductive rate (litter size and inter-birth interval). (
  • In some species the offspring is precocial and can move around almost immediately after birth but in others it is altricial and completely dependent on parenting. (
  • Patients who undergo ART treatments are more likely to deliver multiple-birth infants than women who conceive naturally. (
  • In 2001, a total of 29,344 live-birth deliveries and 40,687 infants resulting from 107,587 ART procedures were reported from 384 medical centers in the United States and U.S. territories. (
  • These five states also reported the highest number of live-birth deliveries and infants born as a result of ART. (
  • Those infants accounted for 16% of multiple births nationally. (
  • In this study, we aimed to investigate the perinatal factors associated with low birth weight infants (LBWIs) using birth statistics of the Korean population. (
  • Importance: Cycled (intermittent) phototherapy (PT) might adequately control peak total serum bilirubin (TSB) level and avoid mortality associated with usual care (continuous PT) among extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants (401-1000 g). (
  • With the discovery that all the parthenogenetic offspring produced by females were male, early investigators of FP surmised that the second polar body, a meiotic product that typically degenerates, essentially behaves like a spermatozoon to activate and fertilize the ovum and restore diploidy, a process known as terminal fusion automixis [ 5 ]. (
  • But in both cases, the parthenogenetic offspring didn't live long. (
  • Here, we show that transitions to cooperative breeding across the mammalian phylogeny have been restricted to lineages where females produce multiple offspring per birth. (
  • The evolution of cooperative breeding systems, where breeding females are assisted by non-breeding group members in protecting and feeding their offspring, poses important challenges for the theory of natural selection [ 1 - 4 ]. (
  • Sea otters are capable of giving birth every year, but females usually experience much longer birth intervals. (
  • The studies compared two groups of mice: one in which females had access to multiple male partners and one in which each female had access to a single male partner. (
  • In couples with a single birth, male rates of postpartum depression were significantly lower than those of females, but in the IVFM group, men had rates that were higher but statistically similar to females. (
  • For recent incident data, the effect of month of birth was most evident in Scotland, where MS prevalence is the highest. (
  • Birth year and register effects were explored and trends in prevalence were estimated by CP subtype and severity. (
  • Association between maternal smoking and low birth weight in Switzerland: The EDEN study. (
  • While not all studies have confirmed this season of birth [ 7 , 8 ], the most well-powered study to date based on data from Northern Hemisphere countries, reported that the risk of MS was significantly higher for those born in May and lower for those born in November [ 9 ]. (
  • Studies of month of birth and risk of MS have been carried out in several cohorts of people with MS, but sample sizes, ethnic groups, and statistical methods differed for each study and findings have been inconsistent. (
  • Although chance may be an explanation for the findings in our study (p = 0.04 for the age adjusted association) this is unlikely given the consistent inverse associations between offspring birth weight and maternal and paternal cardiovascular disease, diabetes and insulin resistance identified in several studies of older individuals from different populations. (
  • Maternal and offspring birth weight are only moderately correlated and we have found in this study that the associations of the womens' offspring birth weight with their insulin resistance and the womens' own birth weight with their insulin resistance are independent of each other. (
  • Birth weight of offspring and mortality in the Renfrew and Paisley study: prospective observational study. (
  • In a study of all women in the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1983-2003, we found that the number of cases of self reported miscarriage had increased in Sweden during this 21 year period. (
  • Mice that mated with multiple partners gave birth to more fertile male offspring, according to an Australian study that provided the most compelling evidence yet of a hypothesized benefit of promiscuity. (
  • Our study shows that despite its dramatic effects on chromosomal architecture, chromothripsis--which involves shattering of one or multiple chromosomes followed by random reassembly--does not necessarily lead to disease," says senior author Wigard Kloosterman, PhD, of University Medical Center Utrecht, in The Netherlands. (
  • This study was initiated to evaluate the presence of and the risk factors associated with cardiac dysfunction in NL after birth in multiple age groups to improve counselling, to further understand pathogenesis and to provide potential preventative strategies. (
  • We evaluated the relation between gender of offspring and maternal risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in a large case-control study nested within a nationwide cohort. (
  • We fit logistic regression models to study the association between gender of offspring and ovarian cancer risk, controlling for covariates. (
  • A population-based case-control study from Delaware Valley examined the association between gender of offspring and maternal risk of ovarian cancer and found that bearing only female offspring might be associated with an increased risk ( 14 ). (
  • We have conducted a large case-control study nested within a nationwide cohort of Swedish women to better document the association between gender of offspring and maternal risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer. (
  • Although others suggested that offspring of suicide decedents were more similar than different, compared with offspring of accident decedents, our study suggests that their cumulative risks may be different. (
  • METHODS: This study used birth certificate data covering the years 1981-2017 (20,948,901 births), provided by Statistics Korea. (
  • Setting Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a UK birth cohort of children born in 1991-1992. (
  • This is the first longitudinal study in the UK to examine the association between multiple health risk behaviours and educational attainment. (
  • We found that 50 percent of offspring had multiple diseases, emotional and physical problems, hyperactivity, abnormal sperm, and premature puberty," the study author states. (
  • The present norm regulating the maximum number of fertilizations per cycle and the demand for these treatments explain the high incidence of multiple deliveries in Spain. (
  • Similarly, the siblings themselves from a multiple birth may be referred to as monozygotic if they are identical or as polyzygotic if they are fraternal. (
  • Conclusion: Our findings suggest no association between maternal alcohol consumption and offspring cord blood DNA methylation. (
  • the number of births during one year for the total population (crude birth rate), for the female population (refined birth rate), or for the female population of reproductive age (true birth rate). (
  • 10 - 14 Although significant differences in month of birth compared with population based controls have been reported, they have not been for the same months. (
  • Under conditions of diversifying selection multiple lineages are maintained, and the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of a population is expected to be older than for a population under stabilizing selection [ 11 ]. (
  • In multivariate analysis, maternal serum 25-OHD correlated positively with birth weight while serum ferritin showed a negative correlation. (
  • Proponents of cobedding multiples believe that cobedding should be a component of developmentally supportive care because it may ease transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life by allowing for the continuation of the interactive development and coregulation that may have occurred between siblings while in utero. (
  • The purpose of this commentary is to review the published literature on the practice of cobedding multiples in US hospitals and to inform health care providers by outlining what is known about the risks and benefits of this practice on the basis of existing evidence. (
  • Studies in Denmark suggested that the risks for bipolar disorder were greater in offspring who experienced maternal suicide. (
  • The adult male and female offspring were then subjected to multiple behavior tests that assess anxiety, memory and sociability, including partner preference. (
  • After the Toronto Star brought these adverse event records to zithromax in australia for sale sale Health Canadas attention, the regulatory agency reportedly stated that there is sale no reason to zithromax probe the reported birth deformities. (
  • ALSPAC offspring genome-wide association studies data were generated by Sample Logistics and Genotyping Facilities at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Laboratory Corporation of America (LabCorp) using support from 23andMe. (
  • This second birth can be so abstract that the way in which it duplicates one's first birth is unclear. (
  • Is it possible to select embryos for transfer at the early cleavage stage and still achieve low twin rates at preserved high live birth rates? (
  • At birth, multiple anthropometric measurements including PL and PW were conducted for 215 male offspring. (
  • 15 In 2004, 3.4% of all live births in the United States were multiple births. (
  • In that year, the twin birth rate reached a record high of 32.2 twin births per 1000 total live births, which represents a 42% increase from 1990 (22.6 per 1000) and a 70% increase from 1980 (18.9 per 1000). (
  • There were nearly twice as many live births in twin deliveries in 2004 as there were in 1980. (
  • The rate of higher-order multiple births in 2004 was 176.9 multiple births per 100000 total live births, which represents a 378% increase from 1980 (37.0 per 100000). (
  • The Register contains information on number, gender, and dates of live births for registered women. (
  • METHODS: Data from 4 993 041 live births registered with Statistics Korea during the period between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed. (
  • In human studies, dissecting the relative contributions of genetics, diet, and the maternal metabolic environment (e.g., glucose, lipids, insulin resistance, and other hormones) to offspring phenotypes is challenging, given that these factors often coexist. (
  • Among non-twin births, male singletons are slightly (about five percent) more common than female singletons. (
  • Maternal risk of ovarian cancer was reduced with increasing numbers of male offspring and increased with number of female offspring. (
  • Our results indicate that isolated maternal insulin resistance, even in the absence of hyperglycemia or obesity, can promote metabolic perturbations in male offspring. (
  • For example, the sex ratio of birth in the US is 1.05 males/female, [16] while it is 1.07 males/female in Italy. (
  • The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to describe the secular trend in the multiple birth rate per 100 births. (
  • This finding also coincides with data the team gathered on birth defect incidence. (
  • Wild-type (WT) offspring of IRS1-het dams insulin resistance-exposed [IR-exposed] were compared with WT offspring of WT dams. (
  • The offspring from propofol-treated dams showed significantly less exploratory activity in the open-field test and less spatial learning in the eight-arm radial maze. (