Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Bosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).Mid-Atlantic Region: A geographical area of the United States comprising the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.IndiaFamous PersonsLanguage Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.HandbooksBooksEuropean Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.GermanyEncephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated: An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.National Human Genome Research Institute (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports research into the mapping of the human genome and other organism genomes. The National Center for Human Genome Research was established in 1989 and re-named the National Human Genome Research Institute in 1997.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)FinlandStaff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.SwedenSensitivity Training Groups: A group of people who meet in an unstructured setting to learn about themselves, interpersonal relationships, and group processes and about larger social systems.Transcultural Nursing: A nursing specialty created to answer the need for developing a global perspective in the practice of nursing in a world of interdependent nations and people. The focus of this nursing discipline is on the integration of international and transcultural content into the training. Courses include study in the area of cultural differences, nursing in other countries, and international health issues and organizations, as an example.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Awareness: The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)NorwayDenmarkSpeech Intelligibility: Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.San FranciscoTriploidy: Polyploidy with three sets of chromosomes. Triploidy in humans are 69XXX, 69XXY, and 69XYY. It is associated with HOLOPROSENCEPHALY; ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; PARTIAL HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; and MISCARRAGES.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Bioprosthesis: Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.Gift Giving: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Physician Assistants: Health professionals who practice medicine as members of a team with their supervising physicians. They deliver a broad range of medical and surgical services to diverse populations in rural and urban settings. Duties may include physical exams, diagnosis and treatment of disease, interpretation of tests, assist in surgery, and prescribe medications. (from http://www.aapa.orglabout-pas accessed 2114/2011)Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Relief Work: Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Political Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Holy Roman Empire: Realm in central Europe consisting of a confederation of German and Italian territories under the suzerainty of an emperor and existing from the 9th or 10th century to 1806.Cultural Evolution: The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.Ottoman Empire: A sultanate comprised at various times of parts of EUROPE, ASIA, and AFRICA. Its period extends generally from 1301 to 1922.

Mandarin and English single word processing studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging. (1/406)

The cortical organization of language in bilinguals remains disputed. We studied 24 right-handed fluent bilinguals: 15 exposed to both Mandarin and English before the age of 6 years; and nine exposed to Mandarin in early childhood but English only after the age of 12 years. Blood oxygen level-dependent contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed while subjects performed cued word generation in each language. Fixation was the control task. In both languages, activations were present in the prefrontal, temporal, and parietal regions, and the supplementary motor area. Activations in the prefrontal region were compared by (1) locating peak activations and (2) counting the number of voxels that exceeded a statistical threshold. Although there were differences in the magnitude of activation between the pair of languages, no subject showed significant differences in peak-location or hemispheric asymmetry of activations in the prefrontal language areas. Early and late bilinguals showed a similar pattern of overlapping activations. There are no significant differences in the cortical areas activated for both Mandarin and English at the single word level, irrespective of age of acquisition of either language.  (+info)

Unidirectional dyslexia in a polyglot. (2/406)

Alexia is usually seen after ischaemic insults to the dominant parietal lobe. A patient is described with a particular alexia to reading Hebrew (right to left), whereas no alexia was noted when reading in English. This deficit evolved after a hypertensive right occipitoparietal intracerebral haemorrhage, and resolved gradually over the ensuing year as the haematoma was resorbed. The deficit suggests the existence of a separate, language associated, neuronal network within the right hemisphere important to different language reading modes.  (+info)

Questionnaire survey of interpreter use in accident and emergency departments in the UK. (3/406)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the support for a national telephone interpreter service from accident and emergency (A&E) departments across the UK, and the factors that may influence that support. To determine the nature of interpreter needs for these departments. METHODS: Postal questionnaire survey of 255 A&E departments in the UK. RESULTS: A total of 197 replies were received, a response rate of 77.3%. Altogether 186 respondents answered the question on support for a national telephone interpreter service and 124 (66.7%) would support one. Those departments in favour were no more likely to have required an interpreter in the last seven days (chi 2 = 0.16, df = 1, p = 0.69), be in the inner city (Fisher's exact test, two sided probability, p = 1), have predominantly local population needs compared with tourist needs (chi 2 = 0.65, df = 1, p = 0.42), or be current users of a telephone interpreter service (chi 2 = 0.01, df = 1, p = 0.93). Seventy-nine of 180 (42.9%) departments had used some form of interpreter in the seven days preceding completion of the survey. Seventy-six of 86 (88.4%) of those departments using face to face interpreters had experienced difficulty obtaining an interpreter out of hours. Nationally, the following proportion of all A&E departments listed the named language as occurring among the three most common languages requiring interpretation: French 0.46 (95% confidence interval 0.42 to 0.50), Urdu 0.30 (0.26 to 0.34), and German 0.24 (0.21 to 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: There is widespread need and support for a national telephone interpreter service that would match the requirements of 24 hour emergency health care provision.  (+info)

Language barriers and bibliographic retrieval effectiveness: use of MEDLINE by French-speaking end users. (4/406)

OBJECTIVE: A study was conducted to determine if bibliographic retrieval performed by French-speaking end users is impaired by English language interfaces. The American database MEDLINE on CD-ROM was used as a model. METHODS: A survey of self-administered questionnaires was performed at two libraries of Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 University, during a two-month period in 1997. Three study groups were constituted: MEDLINE / Ovid end users, MEDLINE / Ovid librarian-mediated users, and Pascal, a French bibliographic database, end users. RESULTS: Among 191 respondents, only 22% thought English was an obstacle to their bibliographic retrieval. However, the research software was generally underused and the quality of the retrieval weak. The differences were statistically significant between users trained by librarians and the self-trained group, the former performing better. CONCLUSION: Special efforts need to be made to develop curriculum training programs for computerized bibliographic retrieval in medical schools, regardless of the native language of the student.  (+info)

Model-based semantic dictionaries for medical language understanding. (5/406)

Semantic dictionaries are emerging as a major cornerstone towards achieving sound natural language understanding. Indeed, they constitute the main bridge between words and conceptual entities that reflect their meanings. Nowadays, more and more wide-coverage lexical dictionaries are electronically available in the public domain. However, associating a semantic content with lexical entries is not a straightforward task as it is subordinate to the existence of a fine-grained concept model of the treated domain. This paper presents the benefits and pitfalls in building and maintaining multilingual dictionaries, the semantics of which is directly established on an existing concept model. Concrete cases, handled through the GALEN-IN-USE project, illustrate the use of such semantic dictionaries for the analysis and generation of multilingual surgical procedures.  (+info)

MedSpanish: a language tool for the emergency department. (6/406)

Language barriers frequently impede the ability of the health care professional to provide the highest quality health care to his or her patients. Spanish speaking people are rapidly becoming the largest minority population in the United States. In order to facilitate access to appropriate medical care that would not be inhibited by miscommunication or lack of a trained translator, the MedSpanish Web Site was developed for use in the Emergency Department. The site contains common Spanish vocabularies, including translations and audio clips, that would be used in such a setting. The various sections are formatted so that they could easily become pocket cards rather than relying on the availability of a computer in a medical emergency. While MedSpanish is not designed to replace a trained translator, it does offer an effective alternative if such translations services are not available.  (+info)

A functional imaging study of translation and language switching. (7/406)

The neural systems underlying translation and language switching were investigated using PET. Proficient German-English adult bilinguals were scanned whilst either translating or reading visually presented words in German (L1), English (L2) or alternating L1/L2. We refer to alternating L1/L2 as 'switching'. The results revealed contrasting patterns of activation for translation and switching, suggesting at least partially independent mechanisms. Translation, but not switching, increased activity in the anterior cingulate and subcortical structures whilst decreasing activation in several other temporal and parietal language areas associated with the meaning of words. Translation also increased activation in regions associated with articulation (the anterior insula, cerebellum and supplementary motor area) arguably because the reading response to the stimulus must be inhibited whilst a response in a different language is activated. In contrast, switching the input language resulted in activation of Broca's area and the supramarginal gyri, areas associated with phonological recoding. The results are discussed in terms of the cognitive control of language processes.  (+info)

Pathological switching between languages after frontal lesions in a bilingual patient. (8/406)

Cerebral lesions may alter the capability of bilingual subjects to separate their languages and use each language in appropriate contexts. Patients who show pathological mixing intermingle different languages within a single utterance. By contrast, patients affected by pathological switching alternate their languages across different utterances (a self contained segment of speech that stands on its own and conveys its own independent meaning). Cases of pathological mixing have been reported after lesions to the left temporoparietal lobe. By contrast, information on the neural loci involved in pathological switching is scarce. In this paper a description is given for the first time of a patient with a lesion to the left anterior cingulate and to the frontal lobe-also marginally involving the right anterior cingulate area-who presented with pathological switching between languages in the absence of any other linguistic impairment. Thus, unlike pathological mixing that typically occurs in bilingual aphasia, pathological switching may be independent of language mechanisms.  (+info)

In a previous study, a bilingual advantage for preschool children in solving the dimensional change card sort task was attributed to superiority in inhibition of attention (Bialystok, 1999). However, the task includes difficult representational demands to encode and interpret the task stimuli, and bilinguals may also have profited from superior representational abilities. This possibility is examined in three studies. In Study 1, bilinguals outperformed monolinguals on versions of the problem containing moderate representational demands but not on a more demanding condition. Studies 2 and 3 demonstrated that bilingual children were more skilled than monolinguals when the target dimensions were perceptual features of the stimulus and that the two groups were equivalent when the target dimensions were semantic features. The conclusions are that bilinguals have better inhibitory control for ignoring perceptual information than monolinguals do but are not more skilled in representation, confirming ...
Over the last couple of decades, several studies have found a link between bilingualism and improved performance on tasks measuring the core executive functions inhibition, shifting, and updating. However, results are inconsistent, and the existence of this proposed bilingual advantage is highly debated. This thesis investigates the hypothesis that bilingualism could be one of the contributors to the enhancement of executive functions (EF). The primary focus is the exploration of bilingualism as a continuum over two axes: use and proficiency, and further, to test whether L2 use is a better predictor of EF abilities than L2 proficiency. The data for this study comes from 82 Norwegian academics of similar age and socio-economic status, but who are differing in degree of bilingualism. Correlation and linear regression models were used to compare their performance on tasks measuring shifting (the trail-making task and the plus-minus task) and inhibition (two Stroop tasks and a Flanker task), as well ...
This study investigated the effect of cultural background on comprehension of English texts by second language learners. The study specifically aimed at determining whether cultural background had any effect on comprehension of English texts by second language learners and whether the second language learners cultural background could help them comprehend unfamiliar texts. The background of the study in this mini dissertation was followed by the discussion on the literature available on this topic. This study followed a case study design which utilized 89 respondents from the Further Education and Training band of a rural secondary school in the north of Limpopo province. Data was obtained through the completion of questionnaires and answering of questions from a comprehension test based on English culture. The findings showed that there was no total comprehension of the text by learners who use English as a second language. Learners of English as a second language need to possess specific ...
MA Bilingualism and Multilingualism is a unique postgraduate qualification offered through distance learning provision, being the first degree of its kind offered in Europe., MA Bilingualism and Multilingualism
How does a child become bilingual? The answer to this intriguing question remains largely a mystery, not least because it has been far less extensively researched than the process of mastering a first language. Drawing on new studies of children exposed to two languages from birth (English and Cantonese), this book demonstrates how childhood bilingualism develops naturally in response to the two languages in the childrens environment. While each bilingual childs profile is unique, the children studied are shown to develop quite differently from monolingual children. The authors demonstrate significant interactions between the childrens developing grammars, as well as the important role played by language dominance in their bilingual development. Based on original research and using findings from the largest available multimedia bilingual corpus, the book will be welcomed by students and scholars working in child language acquisition, bilingualism and language contact. ...
Typically, studies of cognitive advantages in bilinguals have been conducted previously by using executive and inhibitory tasks (e.g. Simon task) and applying cross-sectional designs. This study longitudinally investigated bilingual advantages on episodic memory recall, verbal letter and categorical fluency during the trajectory of life. Monolingual and bilingual participants (n = 178) between 35-70 years at baseline were drawn from the Betula Prospective Cohort Study of aging, memory, and health. Results showed that bilinguals outperformed monolinguals at the first testing session and across time both in episodic memory recall and in letter fluency. No interaction with age was found indicating that the rate of change across ages was similar for bilinguals and monolinguals. As predicted and in line with studies applying cross-sectional designs, no advantages associated with bilingualism were found in the categorical fluency task. The results are discussed in the light of successful aging.
India is the classic land of multilingualism. India is so multilingual and that for such a long time that multilingualism is hardly an "issue". Alongside Indo-Germanic Sanskrit there is the group of Dravidic languages in the south of the subcontinent, whose users point out with pride that their language is much older even than Sanskrit. It is known from the Mogul courts that they employed dubash - the name du bash = two languages indicates the activity. They played a very important role in understanding and communication and thus had considerable power over the relationship between people. One person who we know used this power and influenced the course of history is the Aztec princess La Malinche.. A lover of Cortéz, she continues to live in what is today Mexico, where "malinchismo" is used to describe an exaggerated affection for things foreign. Where people speak, stories will emerge, and the "Dubash" project was intended to inspire writers to write short stories on multilingualism ...
How to better suppress the interference from the non-target language when switching from one language to the other in bilingual production? The current study applied transcranial direct current...
Bilingual education in the United States focuses on English language learners. The term "limited English proficiency" remains in use by the federal government, but has fallen out of favor elsewhere for its negative connotations, so the term "English language learner" (or ELL) is now preferred in schools and educational research. An English language learner is a student who comes from a home where a language other than English is spoken, and who needs language support services in order to succeed in school. Because such students are learning English, they may be denied the opportunity to successfully achieve in classrooms where the language of instruction is English. They may also be unable to participate fully in society.. In the 50 states of the United States, proponents of the practice argue that it will not only help to keep non-English-speaking children from falling behind their peers in mathematics, science, and social studies while they master English, but such programs teach English ...
Background: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a progressive, late-life neurodegenerative disorder. Given the aging population, AD is a significant health concern. According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada (Smetanin et al., 2009), in 25 years 2.8% of the Canadian population will have AD or a related dementia. Presently, there is no cure for AD; therefore, efforts to either delay AD onset or prevent AD altogether are a primary focus. The ability to proficiently speak many languages has been associated with certain cognitive advantages. Based on these findings, multilinguals are hypothesized to be more resistant to cognitive decline than monolinguals. More research is warranted in order to further this theory and to contribute to strategies to prevent or delay AD. Objectives: The first study objective was to evaluate whether multilingualism was associated with the development of AD. The second study objective was to assess whether multilingualism was associated with later dementia onset. Methods: ...
August, D., and Shanahan, T. (2006). Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the national literacy panel on language minority children and youth. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.. Bialystok, E. (2011). Coordination of executive functions in monolingual and bilingual children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 110, 461-468.. Bialystok, E., Craik, F. I. M., Klein, R., & Viswanathan, M. (2004). Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task. Psychology and Aging, 19, 290-303.. Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.. De Houwer, A. (2009). Bilingual first language acquisition: Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.. Espinosa, L. (2006). Second language acquisition in early childhood. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265075052 (downloaded Nov. 19, 2012). Genesee, F. (2007). French immersion and at-risk students: A review of research findings. Canadian Modern Language ...
The Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism at Stockholm University offers a wide range of courses: Swedish, Swedish for second language teaching, Scandinavian languages (such as Norwegian, Danish, Viking-age and medieval texts), Swedish as a foreign language, translation studies with Swedish as the target language, education programmes for interpreters in certain languages, conference interpreter training, sign language and interpreting courses, courses in bilingualism and Swedish as a second language at the undergraduate level. ...
It has been found that a bilinguals two languages are simultaneously active, both phonologically and semantically, during language use.[42][43] This activation is indicated by electrophysiological measures of performance. Not only is a persons dominant language (L1) active when using the less dominant language (L2), but their L2 is also activated when using L1. This happens once the individual is adequately proficient in the L2.[44] They are both active when listening to speech, reading words in either language or even planning speech in either language.[42][45][46][47] Also, both languages are activated even when only one language is needed by the user.[47][48] Bilingualism studies have mostly looked at Spanish-English or Dutch-English bilinguals. These languages share the Roman alphabet, and there are many cognates (words which have the same linguistic derivation e.g. piano is the same in all 3 languages). Cross-language activation therefore seems less surprising. However, cross-language ...
Some studies have linked bilingualism with a later onset of dementia, Alzheimers disease (AD), and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Not all studies have observed such relationships, however. Differences in study outcomes may be due to methodological limitations and the presence of confounding factors within studies such as immigration status and level of education. We conducted the first systematic review with meta-analysis combining cross-sectional studies to explore if bilingualism might delay symptom onset and diagnosis of dementia, AD, and MCI. Primary outcomes included the age of symptom onset, the age at diagnosis of MCI or dementia, and the risk of developing MCI or dementia. A secondary outcome included the degree of disease severity at dementia diagnosis. There was no difference in the age of MCI diagnosis between monolinguals and bilinguals [mean difference: 3.2; 95% confidence intervals (CI): -3.4, 9.7]. Bilinguals vs. monolinguals reported experiencing AD symptoms 4.7 years (95% CI: ...
ACCESS for ELLs is administered, annually, to all English language learners in Georgia. ACCESS for ELLs is a standards-based, criterion referenced English language proficiency test designed to measure English language learners social and academic proficiency in English. It assesses social and instructional English as well as the language associated with language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies within the school context across the four language domains. ACCESS for ELLs meets the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 mandate requiring states to evaluate ELL students (K -12) on their progress in learning to speak English. ACCESS for ELLs is used to determine the English language proficiency levels and progress of ELLs in the domains of speaking, listening, reading, and writing. ACCESS for ELLs five main purposes are to ...
Buy The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism (ISBN) 1118941276 at best cost range online in India. Get lowest price deal, free home delivery & cash on delivery.
Delia: Cynthia, these children are learning to read in two languages. What role does their native language play in comprehension with their second language?. Ms. Lundgren: We have significant research that talks about the importance of a strong first language literacy background. And how that transfers to second language reading, writing, and academic skills. So the stronger the students are in their first language, both reading and writing, the better theyre going to be in English.. Delia: Kristina, what kind of skills transfer from the first language to the second language? Do they?. Ms. Robertson: They definitely do. Its said that you only need to learn to read once. And thats because the process of decoding and making sense of symbols is easier in your first language, for example, once you have that, and you go into English, you know what you need to do and where youre trying to go with it. So you definitely benefit from having a strong background in your first language.. Delia: It would ...
Limited research has been accomplished within the past few years regarding issues and concerns of assessment for English Language Learners (ELL) with Learning Disabilities (LD). The increasing number of this unique population throughout schools has raised many concerns for professionals in education. English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities is a major topic that brings many issues and concerns of assessment for this particular population. How and by whom the students are being assessed is an immense concentration in the concerns of the topic. Assessment reliability and test fairness implies the issues educators have. Teacher readiness and student instructional history are two fundamental matters impacting special education outcomes of English Language Learners with LD.. ...
Multilingualism is neither odd nor worrying: what is odd, and very worrying, are the views that persist about it. The topics in this Multilingualism &
The Jean Monnet Network European Identity, Culture, Exchanges and Multilingualism (EUROMEC) aims to build knowledge and become a reference point for researchers in the themes of European identity, culture, European citizenship, exchanges and multilingualism.. The network is coordinated by the Faculty of Philosophy, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski ", with the support of the " Jean Monnet" initiative of Erasmus+ programme on the European Commission. More information About the project.. ...
Abstract Earlier work indicates that bilingualism may positively affect statistical learning, but leaves open whether a bilingual benefit is (1) found during learning rather than in a post-hoc test following a learning phase and (2) explained by enhanced verbal short-term memory skill in the bilinguals. Forty-one bilingual and 56 monolingual preschoolers completed a serial reaction time task and a nonword repetition task (NWR). Linear mixed-effect regressions indicated that the bilinguals showed a stronger decrease in reaction times over the regular blocks of the task than the monolinguals. No group differences in accuracy-based measures were found. NWR performance, which did not differ between the groups, did not account for the attested effect of bilingualism. These results provide partial support for effects of bilingualism on statistical learning, which appear during learning and are not due to enhanced verbal short-term memory. Taken together, these findings add to a growing body of research on
Participants apply understanding of language and linguistics, reinforce knowledge of language acquisition and literacy: theories/practices to develop reading skills/comprehension in English as a first language at different educational levels; linguistic differences between first/second language for English reading instruction; differences in initial instruction for students not literate in their first language; first language literacy effects on second language literacy; formal/informal measures for assessing skill development with ESL learners; developing listening/speaking/reading/writing vocabulary; approaches for developing writing skills and use of writing tools; writing process and formal writing elements; English oral/aural fluency; social/academic English and content language; metalinguistic skills and vocabulary appropriate to cognitive, academic, and language proficiency levels ...
Probably the most fruitful field in which to investigate the constraining effects of monolinguality, as predicted by the containment model of the Whorf hypothesis, is second-language learning. According to this model, some expression of the Whorfian phenomenon takes place whenever anybody learns a second-language. This is because of the predictable widening of grammatical constraints that must, if Whorf is right, take place during any instance of second-language learning. No two languages have identical structural constraints under a Whorfian analysis. Therefore the logical sum of grammatical/ontological/semanticaI possibilities in the mind of a person who has learned any second language will always be larger than the set of those same kinds of structurally determined permissibilties when da. was monolingual. The effect will be large and noticeable when, other things being equal, the second language has a domain of grammatical, or lexical, or designational possibilities that is far larger than, ...
Description: Dual-immersion is a bilingual education method offered that places English as a first language (EFL) and English language learner (ELL) students in the same classroom to learn two languages at the same time. This study examines whether second language acquisition through dual-immersion supports literacy for both ELL and EFLS children over time. Students scores on standardized tests (ITBS, TAKS, Logramos, Stanford 9, and Aprenda) were studied to assess the impact, if any, of dual-immersion instruction vs. regular/bilingual education on reading development. Scores from 2000 through 2004 were gathered and analyzed for students enrolled in a dual-immersion class which started in kindergarten in 2000. These scores were compared to scores of students enrolled in regular and bilingual education classrooms for the same amount of time at the same school to examine whether there was an effect for students in the dual-immersion class. It was found that no significant difference existed ...
Friday 17 April, 14:25 - 14:45 , LUMC J1-128 / ROUTE 554. Geminate attrition in Italian-English bilinguals residing in Glasgow: an acoustic study. BA / summer project. What happens to ones first language after migrating to a foreign country and getting lost in the sounds of a new language? The present study aims to answer this question by investigating first language attrition, namely the idea that extensive L2 exposure can affect ones L1 proficiency negatively (Schmid 2011). This topic is addressed in the context of a phonological category available in Italian but not English: consonant gemination. The demographic that might be undergoing attrition is Italian-English sequential bilinguals in Glasgow, Scotland.This study predicted that the bilinguals geminate productions would differ from those of Italian monolinguals owing to exposure to an L2 that lacks consonant gemination (i.e. English). Italian monolinguals were predicted to differentiate their geminate and singleton productions clearly: ...
The overwhelming bias for investigations of bilingualism is to focus on the increase of knowledge and crosslinguistic traffic from the L1 to the L2. Developments which concern loss, deterioration or reduced accessibility of knowledge and traffic from the L2 to the L1 are much less well-studied and understood, and are usually treated as a somewhat marginal issue. The present contribution provides an overview of research in first language attrition and argues that changes to the first language system are part and parcel of the development of bilingual knowledge and processing. As such, they can help provide additional insight into controversial issues, such as questions about the existence of maturational constraints in L2 learning, and potentially help resolve these matters.
Different studies show that the brain works differently in a bilingual person: more efficient memory skills and a better mental health
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Read The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism by with Rakuten Kobo. When humans learn languages, are they also learning how to create shared meaning? In The Usage-based Study of Language L...
The paper "Auditory Word Recognition Across the Lifespan: Links Between Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Inhibitory Control in Bilinguals and Monolinguals" by Henrike Blumenfeld, Scott R. Schroeder, Susan Bobb, Max Freeman, and Viorica Marian was accepted to the journal Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism ...
It may not be obvious, but hearing two languages regularly during pregnancy puts infants on the road to bilingualism by birth. According to new findings in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, infants born to bilingual mothers (who spoke both languages regularly during pregnancy) exhibit different language preferences than infants born to mothers speaking only one language. Psychological scientists Krista Byers-Heinlein and Janet F. Werker from the University of British Columbia along with Tracey Burns of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development in France wanted to investigate language preference and discrimination in newborns. Two groups of newborns were tested in these experiments: English monolinguals (whose mothers spoke only English during pregnancy) and Tagalog-English bilinguals (whose mothers spoke both Tagalog, a language spoken in the Philippines, and English regularly during pregnancy). The researchers employed a method known ...
The aim of this paper is to examine the role of language dominance in loanword phonology. It is investigated how onset clusters in loanwords are integrated into Turkish by two groups: English-Turkish bilinguals in Turkey and Swedish-Turkish bilinguals in Sweden. It is hypothesised that the bilinguals in Sweden will display significantly higher rates of cluster adoption because Turkish is not the dominant language there.. The data were collected through an oral loanword elicitation task, a text recitation task in the second languages and a questionnaire on language proficiency and use.. The study had 53 participants (24 in Turkey and 29 in Sweden). The material consisted of 29 loanwords from English and French, and of 50 structurally comparable words in the bilinguals second languages. The data were analysed auditively by the author and subjected to an interrater reliability test.. The results confirmed the hypothesis as the bilinguals in Sweden displayed significantly higher cluster adoption ...
This volume provides a unique cross-disciplinary perspective on the external ecological and internal psycholinguistic factors that determine sign bilingualism, its development and maintenance at the individual and societal levels. Multiple aspects concerning the dynamics of contact situations involving a signed and a spoken or a written language are covered in detail, i.e. the development of the languages in bilingual deaf children, cross-modal contact phenomena in the productions of child and adult signers, sign bilingual education concepts and practices in diverse social contexts, deaf educational discourse, sign language planning and interpretation. This state-of-the-art collection is enhanced by a final chapter providing a critical appraisal of the major issues emerging from the individual studies in the light of current assumptions in the broader field of contact linguistics. Given the interdependence of research, policy and practice, the insights gathered in the studies presented are not only of
A law banning most bilingual education in California schools may be overturned by a new bill, restoring efforts to address language barriers in a state w...
2013 (English)In: Languages of Exile: Migration and Multilingualism in Twentieth-Century Literature / [ed] Axel Englund, Anders Olsson, Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien,: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2013, 261-280 p.Chapter in book (Other academic) ...
Read this full essay on Discussion of the Importance of Multilingualism Among Yout South Africans. Language is a system of representation that enables us to ...
The initiatives of UNESCO on the promotion of multilingualism in cyberspace are undertaken by the Knowledge Societies Division, which is responsible for the realization of the concept of knowledge societies that are built on the key principles of inclusion, openness, diversity and pluralism.
The initiatives of UNESCO on the promotion of multilingualism in cyberspace are undertaken by the Knowledge Societies Division, which is responsible for the realization of the concept of knowledge societies that are built on the key principles of inclusion, openness, diversity and pluralism.
Event: New Challenges for Multilingualism in Europe by Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb - LINEE Network of Excellence, Venue: Dubrovnik, Croatia, 11-15 April, 2010, Dubrovnik
Eventbrite - Fumiko Hoeft (UCSF), Roeland Hancock (UCSF), and Jason Zevin (USC) presents Biological & Environmental Factors that Impact Multilingualism - Wednesday, March 29, 2017 at Genentech Hall, Byers Auditorium, UCSF Mission Bay, San Francisco, CA. Find event and ticket information.
Buy Emotions and Multilingualism by Aneta Pavlenko (9780521843614) from Boomerang Books, Australias Online Independent Bookstore
Although newborn infants are born without the ability to speak, they are sensitive to social cues that foster language learning and communication. Using brain measures known as Event Related Potentials, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences discovered how the infant brain responds to others facial expressions and eye contact. Adult social cues help young infants direct attention to the world. These findings will be useful in providing interventions for communicative disorders such as autism. Knowledge about typical infant social cognition in the first year is important in fostering communication and language. The research paper, by authors Hoehl & Striano, Infants Neural Processing of Positive Emotion and Eye Gaze, was published in the February 2010 edition of Social Neuroscience. For additional information about the practical application of this research, click here. ...
What Kind Of Learner Am I Essays and Research Papers. What kind of bilingual education learner am I ? The learning style of for women people is logically characterised by . Education Cons! their past experiences of learning, for research paper railroad example, when a person is pros exposed to a learning situation, he gains knowledge. Railroad! While obtaining and thinking about the gained information the person develops a learning preference or learning style over time. Throughout this essay I will prove that I am an education assimilator because I recognised that I obtain my knowledge through theory rather than practice. Research Paper Railroad! Firstly I will explain. Education , Experiential learning , Knowledge 836 Words , 3 Pages. Who am I as a Learner ? I am passionate to learn new things in education essay an interesting way. . I am a quick learner of theories andconcepts if it is delivered through visuals and buy bulk paper, demonstrations.. I would prefer to learn in a practical way ...
In the first language, children do not respond to systematic correction. Furthermore, children who have limited input still acquire the first language, which is a significant difference between input and output. Children are exposed to a language environment of errors and lack of correction but they end up having the capacity to figure out the grammatical rules. Error correction does not seem to have a direct influence on learning a second language. Instruction may affect the rate of learning, but the stages remain the same. Adolescents and adults who know the rule are faster than those who do not. In the learning of a second language the correction of errors remains a controversial topic with many differing schools of thought. Throughout the last century much advancement has been made in research on the correction of students errors. In the 1950s and 60s the viewpoint of the day was that all errors must be corrected at all costs. Little thought went to students feelings or self-esteem in ...
Psycholinguistic and neurocognitive approaches to bilingualism/multilingualism and language acquisition continue to gain momentum and uncover valuable findings explaining how multiple languages are represented in and processed by the human mind. With these intensified scholarly efforts come thought-provoking inquiries, pioneering findings, and new research directions. The Bilingual Processing and Acquisition book series seeks to provide a unified home, unlike any other, for this enterprise by providing a single forum and home for the highest-quality monographs and collective volumes related to language processing issues among multilinguals and learners of non-native languages. These volumes are authoritative works in their areas and should not only interest researchers and scholars investigating psycholinguistic and neurocognitive approaches to bilingualism/multilingualism and language acquisition but also appeal to professional practitioners and advanced undergraduate and graduate students. In ...
Contact: Uyghur Human Rights Project +1 (202) 478 1920. The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) announces the publication of Uyghur Voices on Education: Chinas Assimilative Bilingual Education Policy in East Turkestan. Since UHRPs first report on bilingual education in 2007, the Chinese government has accelerated and expanded an education policy that has effectively marginalized the Uyghur language from the education system in East Turkestan.. The bilingual education policy is designed to transition Uyghur students at all levels from education in their mother tongue to education in Chinese resulting in the removal of Uyghur in the classroom and presenting a fundamental challenge to a distinct Uyghur identity.. Since the 2014 Work Forum, Chinese officials have placed bilingual education at the center of its efforts to achieve "ethnic mingling," an initiative that aims to blur the cultural distinctiveness of the Uyghur people and assimilate Uyghurs into the Chinese nation dominated by the ...
Apology Strategies in the Target Language (English) of Israeli-Arab EFL College Students Towards Their Lecturers of English Who are also Native Speakers of Arabic
This document provides a questionnaire to be used to determine the attitudes and influence of parents who have children in bilingual education programs. Thirty seven questions are listed, covering such factors as family background, language usage at home, and aspirations for the education of the children. Techniques for administering the questionnaire are suggested along with possible uses of the resulting information. (VM)
In 1978, George Ojemann and Harry Whitaker7 applied weak electrical currents to the brain of people who were undergoing brain surgery and, at the same time, asked them to name pictures of objects. This approach is called "awake surgery" and the idea behind it is to be able to stop the responses of patients during stimulation of specific brain sites. When this happens in at least two of three trials, it is thought that the area (or brain network) where electrical stimulation was delivered is responsible for language processing. Hence, the area or areas where this phenomenon happens are left untouched during the removal of a tumour or epileptic foci, as removing those areas may increase the risk for language deficits after surgery.. The beauty of the work by Ojemann and Whitaker was that they went a step further from what had been done up until then, and asked patients not only to name pictures but to do so in the two languages they were able to use. The findings of these authors were quite ...
Improving communications with the fast-growing Hispanic Millennials segment requires a thorough understanding of the impact of language. Nielsen Consumer Neuroscience partnered with Univision to understand how best to engage this audience.
Widespread multilingualism is one form of language contact. Multilingualism was common in the past: in early times, when most ... "The importance of multilingualism". multilingualism.org. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 16 September ... "English and Multilingualism in Singapore". Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Wiley Online.. *^ Gunnarson, Britt-Louise (2013 ... Look up multilingual, multilingualism, bilingual, or bilingualism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...
multilingualism. *multinational firms. *multiple equilibria in macroeconomics. *multiplier-accelerator interaction. *multiplier ...
in English) M.Teresa Turell (2001). Multilingualism in Spain: Sociolinguistic and Psycholinguistic Aspects of Linguistic ...
"The effect of multilingualism/multiculturalism on personality: no gain without pain for Third Culture Kids?": 443-459. doi: ... Dewaele, J.M.; van Oudenhoven, P. (2009). "The effect of multilingualism/multiculturalism on personality: no gain without pain ... for third culture kids?". International Journal of Multilingualism. 6 (4): 443-459. doi:10.1080/14790710903039906.. ...
Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth. *Androulla Vassiliou (2010-14). Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud ...
Androulla Vassiliou (Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth). *Karel De Gucht (Trade). *Máire Geoghegan-Quinn (Research ...
Dots indicate areas where multilingualism is common.. Germanic-speaking Europe refers to the area of Europe that today uses a ...
Stewart, William A. (1968). "A sociolinguistic typology for describing national multilingualism". In Fishman, Joshua A. ...
Neuroscience of multilingualism points to possible differences among learners. One theory suggests that a spike in a baby's ... The word is a synonym of multilingualism, but in recent usage polyglot is sometimes used to refer to a person who learns ... Multilingualism, including multilingual societies as well as individuals who speak more than one language, is common. ... However, there is a lack of consensus on such numbers due to the lack of shared definitions of multilingualism and the ...
Multilingualism is likely to have been the norm throughout human history and most people in the modern world are multilingual. ... Romaine, Suzanne (2001). "Multilingualism". In Mark Aronoff; Janie Rees-Miller. The Handbook of Linguistics. Blackwell. pp. 512 ...
Blackledge, A. & Creese, A. (2010). Multilingualism. London, UK: Continuum. Canagarajah, S. (Ed.) (2004). Reclaiming the local ...
Dotted/striped areas indicate where multilingualism is common. Part of a series on. ...
Dotted/striped areas indicate where multilingualism is common. Notes. *Italicized branches mean only one extant language of the ...
Invisible multilingualism. Place-names which only survive in Old English form could have had Brittonic counterparts for long ...
Sustainable Multilingualism. 3: 47-61. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document " ...
Hult, F.M. (2004). Planning for multilingualism and minority language rights in Sweden. Language Policy, 3(2), 181-201. ...
ten Thije, Jan D.; Zeevaert, Ludger (2007). Receptive Multilingualism: Linguistic analyses, language policies and didactic ...
Romaine, Suzanne (2001). "Multilingualism". In Mark Aronoff; Janie Rees-Miller (eds.). The Handbook of Linguistics. Blackwell. ... Language contact occurs when speakers of two or more languages or varieties interact on a regular basis.[119] Multilingualism ...
Multilingualism in India Intensive Hindi course: drills Language and Social Issues: Princess Leelavathi Memorial Lectures ... Debi Prasanna Pattanayak; Ivan Illich (1981). Multilingualism and mother-tongue education. Oxford University Press. Debi ... ISBN 978-81-7586-072-8. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak (1987). Multilingualism and Multiculturalism: Britain and India. University of ... Multilingualism in India. Multilingual Matters. pp. 118-. ISBN 978-1-85359-072-6. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak; Gordon H. Fairbanks ...
Multilingualism in Spain. Teresa Turell. page 113 Coordinates: 42°42′26.7″N 6°55′16.37″W / 42.707417°N 6.9212139°W / ...
Multilingualism in Spain. Teresa Turell. page 113 Coordinates: 42°31′N 6°40′W / 42.517°N 6.667°W / 42.517; -6.667. ...
Multilingualism in Spain. Teresa Turell. page 113 Gitlitz & Davidson, The Pilgrimage Road to Santiago: The Complete Cultural ...
". "Multilingualism in India". "Libraries in India's National Developmental Perspective". "Nehru: Man Among Men". Mohsin Shakil ...
Multilingualism in Spain. Teresa Turell. page 113. ...
Anderson, Nels (1969). Studies in Multilingualism. Leiden: E.J. Brill. Anderson, Nels (1971). The Industrial Urban Community: ...
Widespread multilingualism is one form of language contact. Multilingualism was common in the past: in early times, when most ... "The importance of multilingualism". multilingualism.org. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 16 September ... "English and Multilingualism in Singapore". Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Wiley Online.. *^ Gunnarson, Britt-Louise (2013 ... Look up multilingual, multilingualism, bilingual, or bilingualism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...
In this third, fully revised edition, the 10 volume Encyclopedia of Language and Education offers the newest developments, including an entirely new volume of research and scholarly content, essential
Home , Multilingualism and education , Multilingualism and policy , Multilingualism and the arts , Multilingualism and Economy ... 11 Questions on Multilingualism Successful Lithuanians and Germans tell about learning languages, language in daily life and ... Anyone who regards Europes multilingualism not as a hindrance to business, and also not only as a chance, but as a value, ... Under the patronage of Leonard Orban, Member of the European Commission responsible for multilingualism ...
Indeed, one sure way to stop the government drift toward multilingualism - and avoid the costs and conflicts that beset ... Illustration on the disruptive results of multi-lingualism by Linas Garsys/The Washington Times more ,. ... Stopping the drift toward multilingualism. Why Congress must pass the English Language Unity Act ...
Home , Multilingualism and education , Multilingualism and policy , Multilingualism and the arts , Multilingualism and Economy ... India is the classic land of multilingualism. India is so multilingual and that for such a long time that multilingualism is ... 11 Questions on Multilingualism Successful Lithuanians and Germans tell about learning languages, language in daily life and ... As a literature project it was aimed at writers in countries with or without multilingualism. The call was for short stories ...
"The Economics of Multilingualism in the EU," Chapters,in: Research Handbook on the Economics of European Union Law, chapter 15 ... The Economics of Multilingualism in the EU. In: Research Handbook on the Economics of European Union Law. ... "The economics of multilingualism in the EU," CEDI Discussion Paper Series 11-04, Centre for Economic Development and ...
Widespread multilingualism is one form of language contact. Multilingualism was more common in the past than is usually ... "The importance of multilingualism". multilingualism.org. Retrieved 2010-09-16. "Polyglot - definition of polyglot by the Free ... Dewaele, J. (2012). "Multilingualism, empathy, and multicompetence" (PDF). International Journal of Multilingualism: 1-15. ... The definition of multilingualism is a subject of debate in the very same way as the definition of language fluency. On one end ...
Official multilingualism is the policy adopted by some states of recognizing multiple languages as official and producing all ... It is distinct from personal multilingualism, the capacity of a person to speak several languages. Afghanistan uses Dari (or ...
Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism. ¡Bienvenido/a a nuestra página! PRIM investiga la naturaleza del plurilingüismo ... Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism. Haus 2. Campus Golm. Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25. 14476 Potsdam ...
Since the early days of modern formal approaches to grammar, most work has been based on the language of monolingual humans. Less work has been conducted based on data from speakers who possess more than one language. Although important insights have been gained from a narrow monolingual focus, there is every reason to believe that bi- and multilingual data (henceforth, multilingual data) can inform linguistic theory. A lot of ongoing work demonstrates that this is indeed the case. It has especially been the case for work on heritage languages (i.e. languages other than the dominant language (or languages) in a given social context), but increasingly also for multilingual phenomena more generally. Nevertheless, a lot of work remains to be done, especially since most formal approaches to grammar are not necessarily construed to accommodate multilingual data. In addition, methodological advances make it possible to make progress in studying multilingual speakers in new ways, thus providing important new
The goal is to provide an opportunity for participants to engage with the implications of multilingualism from a range of ... The goal is to provide an opportunity for participants to engage with the implications of multilingualism from a range of ... and the impact of multilingualism on society. ... and the impact of multilingualism on society. ...
Multilingualism into a strength. A report of the status and levels of language competences in Finland. Publications of the ... Development of Finlands language reserve - making multilingualism Finlands strength. Finland is an active member of the ... Making multilingualism a strength. Procedural recommendations for developing Finlands national language reserve 2017 ... Multilingualism as a strength. Procedural recommendations for developing Finlands national language reserve ...
Presents the first handbook-length examination of the neuroscience and neurolinguistics of multilingualism -Demonstrates how ... the Neuroscience of Multilingualism is an invaluable resource for researchers and scholars in areas including multilingualism, ... The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism provides a comprehensive survey of neurocognitive investigations of ... and the neurocognitive effects of multilingualism throughout the lifespan allow informed investigation of contemporary issues ...
Acquisition of Multilingualism. *GROUP H: Historical Aspects of Multilingualism and Variance*H1: Multilingualism as Cause and ...
... © Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Telephone (switchboard): +46 (8 ... The Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism at Stockholm University offers a wide range of courses: Swedish, Swedish ... At the Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism at Stockholm University we are approxinmately 160 staff members doing ...
... Posted on December 7th, 2009by Michelle. In Language acquisition, Research , Leave a Comment » ... Now scientists have discovered that multilingualism can increase your brain power. A new study from the European Commission has ... "The research report brings forth six main areas where multilingualism and hence the mastery of complex processes of thought ...
Receptive multilingualism in Turkish-Turkmen academic counseling sessions. *Facilitating mutual understanding in everyday ... Receptive multilingualism in Turkish-Turkmen academic counseling sessions. *Facilitating mutual understanding in everyday ... An introduction into the usable to measure mutual understanding in receptive multilingualism, illustrated by conversations in ... Her research interests include sociophonetics, linguistic distance measurements, receptive multilingualism and experimental ...
Environmental Factors that Impact Multilingualism - Wednesday, March 29, 2017 at Genentech Hall, Byers Auditorium, UCSF Mission ... Biological & Environmental Factors that Impact Multilingualism. by Fumiko Hoeft (UCSF), Roeland Hancock (UCSF), and Jason Zevin ... Biological & Environmental Factors that Impact Multilingualism at Genentech Hall, Byers Auditorium, UCSF Mission Bay 600 16th ...
We invite papers in all areas of research in bi-/multilingualism, whether or not linked directly to the overarching conference ... Topics will include: (multiple) language acquisition and learning (L3, L4, Lx); psycho- and neurolinguistics of multilingualism ... intercultural and globalisation issues related to multilingualism; multilingual issues in literature and translation. ...
Languages and Multilingualism Conference scheduled on June 28-29, 2021 in June 2021 in Istanbul is for the researchers, ... Languages and Multilingualism. ICLM 2021: 15. International Conference on Languages and Multilingualism June 28-29, 2021 in ... ICLM 2021 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Languages and Multilingualism. A number of selected high-impact full ... Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Multilingualism. Philosophy of Language. Figurative Language. Languages and Dialects. ...
Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World is the winner of the BAAL Book Prize 2005.. Multilingualism in the English- ... Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World is the winner of the BAAL Book Prize 2005. ... Its focus on multilingualism in English-dominant countries uncovers a wealth of language activity that has largely gone ... "A hugely informative and timely book, which focuses on multilingualism in English-dominant countries"". Multilingua ...
Postdoctoral Research Assistant (Creative Multilingualism - Prismatic Translation). University of Oxford - Faculty of English. ...
Module QD, Smoking Habits, is largely based on Eurobarometer 72.3 (ICSPR 32441). Module QE, Multilingualism, largely replicates ... Eurobarometer 77.1: Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism, February-March 2012 ( ... Eurobarometer 77.1: Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism, February-March 2012. ... multilingualism. Questions pertain to respondents opinions of the use of robots in day to day life including caring for ...
Buy a discounted Hardcover of Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World online from Australias leading online bookstore. ... Booktopia has Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World, Pedigree of Nations by Viv Edwards. ... b,,i,Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World,/i, is the winner of the BAAL Book Prize 2005.,/b,,br,,p,,i,Multilingualism ... Its focus on multilingualism in English-dominant countries uncovers a wealth of language activity that has largely gone ...
  • The University of Bremen is committed to multilingualism: In 2017 it was one of the first universities in Germany to publish a language policy which makes recommendations for the use of language in science and everyday University life. (uni-bremen.de)
  • The definitive guide to 21st century investigations of multilingual neuroscience The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism provides a comprehensive survey of neurocognitive investigations of multiple-language speakers. (recordedbooks.com)
  • Discussions on the bilingual advantage debate, recovery and rehabilitation patterns in multilingual aphasia, and the neurocognitive effects of multilingualism throughout the lifespan allow informed investigation of contemporary issues. (recordedbooks.com)
  • She is the author of many articles and co-editor of Multilingualism, Second Language Learning and Gender (Mouton de Gruyter, 2001), Negotiation of Identities in Multilingual Context (Multilingual Matters, 2004), and Gender and English Language Learners (TESOL, 2004). (boomerangbooks.com.au)
  • In The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism , a cadre of international experts say yes and offer cutting-edge research in usage-based linguistics to explore how language acquisition, in particular multilingual language acquisition, works. (kobo.com)
  • My first study of multilingual practices was in the late 1990s, and multilingualism has been one of my core areas in research and teaching ever since. (uio.no)
  • At MultiLing I am joining Theme 2, Multilingual language practices, with a project on Multilingualism in mediated communication, which I will develop in close collaboration with core member Jan Svennevig and two researchers, a postdoc and a PhD candidate. (uio.no)
  • We examine digital language practices not just to confirm what we already know about multilingualism in face-to-face interaction, but to find out how multilingual practices are extended and reconfigured, for example in text-based interaction. (uio.no)
  • Multilingualism & Disorders: How Can We Most Accurately Assess Word Count in Multilingual Children? (multilingualliving.com)
  • Her blog Being Multilingual deals with multilingualism at home, in school and in clinic. (multilingualliving.com)
  • The language ideology debate in Russian media texts - Lea Siilin: Receptive multilingualism in Finnish-Russian print media - Ekaterina Protassova: Multilingual education in Russia - Tatjana Rynkänen/Sari Pöyhönen: Russian-speaking young immigrants in Finland: educational and linguistic challenges for integration - Aila Pesonen: Finnish language training and integration into Finnish society: a case study of a Russian-speaking immigrant group in the city of Virrat. (peterlang.com)
  • The goal is to provide an opportunity for participants to engage with the implications of multilingualism from a range of perspectives, including the effects of being bilingual from infancy to adulthood, the process and benefits of learning multiple languages, and the impact of multilingualism on society. (frontiersin.org)
  • The initiatives of UNESCO on the promotion of multilingualism in cyberspace are undertaken by the Knowledge Societies Division, which is responsible for the realization of the concept of knowledge societies that are built on the key principles of inclusion, openness, diversity and pluralism. (unesco.kz)
  • On one end of a sort of linguistic continuum, one may define multilingualism as complete competence and mastery in another language. (wikipedia.org)
  • My interests include language style, language and identity, language ideologies, written language and literacy, multimodality, new forms of public communication in the digital age, the relationship between media and linguistic change, not least, mediated multilingualism. (uio.no)
  • To explore effects of linguistic distance and modality we will use spoken and signed languages, and will measure cognitive functions thought to be modulated by multilingualism before and after the intensive learning practice. (cam.ac.uk)
  • This project, lead by Dr Kristine Horner Reader in Luxembourg Studies and Multilingualism and Director of the Centre for Luxembourg Studies, aims to highlight some of the benefits of linguistic and cultural diversity, and thus have potential to productively shape education and migration policies. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • Many myths and much prejudice has grown around the notions of bi- and multilingualism in some Western countries where monolingualism is the norm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the broader field of intercultural communication, the study of the delivery of international cinema focuses specifically on the process of mediated global communication (Kim 2010), while intersecting with research on monolingualism and multilingualism (e.g. (immi.se)
  • In this provocative and ground-breaking book, Pavlenko challenges the monolingual bias of modern linguistics and psychology and uses the lens of bi- and multilingualism to offer a fresh perspective on the relationship between language and emotions. (boomerangbooks.com.au)
  • Multilingualism is the use of more than one language , either by an individual speaker or by a group of speakers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The definition of multilingualism is a subject of debate in the same way as that of language fluency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indeed, one sure way to stop the government drift toward multilingualism - and avoid the costs and conflicts that beset societies divided by language - is for President Trump to repeal Executive Order 13166. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Successful Lithuanians and Germans tell about learning languages, language in daily life and multilingualism in Lithuania and Germany. (goethe.de)
  • El objetivo de PRIM es contribuir a un mejor entendimiento de la representación de multiples lenguas en la mente o el cerebro humano, centrándose en la dinámica temporal del uso del lenguaje tanto a un nivel micro (mediante la investigación de la comprensión y producción del language en tiempo real) como a un nivel macro (investigando individuos plurilingües en distintas etapas de su desarrollo del lenguaje). (uni-potsdam.de)
  • Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World: Pedigree of Nations explores the consequences of English as a global language and multilingualism as a social phenomenon. (wiley.com)
  • Discusses the theoretical issues that underpin current debates, drawing on research literature on societal multilingualism, language maintenance and shift, language policy, language and power, and language and identity. (wiley.com)
  • Its focus on multilingualism in English-dominant countries uncovers a wealth of language activity that has largely gone unnoticed, and unremarked, until now, providing a much-needed counterbalance to the myopic preoccupation in the academic and wider popular literature with English. (booktopia.com.au)
  • How do you see Multilingualism in USA, should it be supported or one country, one flag, one language? (allempires.com)
  • Recent work has focused on urban multilingualism, leading to the book (with Emi Otsuji) Metrolingualism: Language in the City (Routledge, 2015). (uio.no)
  • Recent research linking the ability to speak more than one language to better cognitive performance and delayed onset of dementia brings an exciting dimension to research on multilingualism and a new motivation for language learning. (cam.ac.uk)
  • This has been realised in several ways in India, including by hosting a roundtable event on multilingualism in 2014, hosting the Language and Development Conference in Delhi in 2015 on the theme of multilingualism and development and most recently through a partnership on a research project initiated by the University of Cambridge and the University of Reading in the UK. (org.in)
  • The University encourages and actively supports all its members to learn new languages, to make use of their native language in everyday working life, and to help breathe life into multilingualism on the campus. (uni-bremen.de)
  • However, language has the power to create unity and emphasize the importance of multilingualism as South Africa expanded its official languages to eleven which covers the previously disadvantaged ethnic groups. (brightkite.com)
  • The Economics of Multilingualism in the EU ," Chapters ,in: Research Handbook on the Economics of European Union Law, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing. (repec.org)
  • The research report brings forth six main areas where multilingualism and hence the mastery of complex processes of thought seem to put people in advantage. (language-museum.com)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Languages and Multilingualism. (waset.org)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Languages and Multilingualism are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • Each topic offers a brief introduction to common questions, and includes one token reference, which either marks watershed findings or otherwise addresses points which are perhaps less known within research on multilingualism. (multilingualliving.com)
  • To this end, we actively support research into multilingualism and English as a medium of instruction in order to facilitate a shared understanding of what works in practice and where there are significant challenges. (org.in)
  • For my first blog post I decided to use an article found in Science Daily, which discusses scientific research on multilingualism and its effects on the brain. (weebly.com)
  • India is the classic land of multilingualism. (goethe.de)
  • This project, Multilingualism and multiliteracy: raising learning outcomes in challenging contexts in primary schools across India was recently launched through a consultation event at British Council Delhi. (org.in)
  • This breadth of representation from different sectors, cultures and organisations led to a rich discussion on the issues surrounding multilingualism in India and the impact that this can have on learning. (org.in)
  • Multilingualism is the norm in India. (cam.ac.uk)
  • 638 Kwamwangamalu, Nkonko M.: Multilingualism in Southern Africa. (brill.com)
  • Key outcomes of this project include a workshop on Multilingualism and Higher Education at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The Division also coordinates UNESCO s overall contribution to the follow-up to the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes and is in charge of the implementation of UNESCO s only normative instrument in this field - the Recommendation concerning the Promotion and Use of Multilingualism and Access to Cyberspace adopted by the General Conference in 2003. (unesco.kz)
  • The Jean Monnet Network European Identity, Culture, Exchanges and Multilingualism (EUROMEC) aims to build knowledge and become a reference point for researchers in the themes of European identity, culture, European citizenship, exchanges and multilingualism. (euromec.eu)
  • Multilingualism in the English-Speaking World is the winner of the BAAL Book Prize 2005. (wiley.com)
  • Hale then traces the impact of Milton's multilingualism on his major English poems. (google.co.in)
  • His projects were completed in a course of a semester in a course at Emory called English 101: Living Multilingualism , taught by Dr. Mandy Suhr-Sytsma. (weebly.com)
  • This diversity also presents opportunities, including ways that multilingualism can function as a bridge for intercultural encounters and intergenerational relations. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The economics of multilingualism in the EU ," CEDI Discussion Paper Series 11-04, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University. (repec.org)
  • Objectives: The first study objective was to evaluate whether multilingualism was associated with the development of AD. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • We'd like to know what you think about it - write a review about Emotions and Multilingualism book by Aneta Pavlenko and you'll earn 50c in Boomerang Bucks loyalty dollars (you must be a Boomerang Books Account Holder - it's free to sign up and there are great benefits! (boomerangbooks.com.au)
  • a book on myths and misconceptions about multilingualism. (multilingualliving.com)
  • An interaction between multilingualism and the other two covariates (ApoE-E4 status and baseline age) was observed: the oldest participants with an ApoE-E4 allele who spoke four or more languages had smaller dementia risks than younger participants without an ApoE-E4 allele who spoke one, two, or three languages. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • The second study objective was to assess whether multilingualism was associated with later dementia onset. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • When the association between multilingualism and time of dementia onset was assessed, the dementia hazard function estimates for all participants were constant and persisted throughout the follow-up period of the study. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • When the association between multilingualism and time of dementia onset was evaluated, participants were no more likely to develop dementia in one time period than another, and monolingual participants were no more likely to develop dementia in earlier time periods than multilinguals. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • Yesterday, a historic conference on "Multilingualism and equal rights in the EU: the role of sign languages" organised by MEP Helga Stevens took place in the hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. (eud.eu)
  • The Organising Committee of the Conference offers to potentially interested parties many great ways to enhance their visibility at the upcoming top-level Conference on New Challenges for Multilingualism in Europe to be held in Dubrovnik from 11 to 15 April 2010. (xing-events.com)
  • In order to address the first study objective, the association between multilingualism and AD was assessed in 157 participants using logistic regression models adjusted for age, education, apolipoprotein E-E4 (ApoE-E4) status, immigrant status, and occupation. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • After holding grammatical complexity constant across all participants, however, multilingualism was found to be associated with AD risk. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • With the current revalorization of multilingualism, the Austro-Hungarian empire has gained importance as a reference point. (jhu.edu)