Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.
Evoked Potentials, Motor
Molecular Motor Proteins
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
A microtubule-associated mechanical adenosine triphosphatase, that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move organelles along microtubules toward the plus end of the microtubule. The protein is found in squid axoplasm, optic lobes, and in bovine brain. Bovine kinesin is a heterotetramer composed of two heavy (120 kDa) and two light (62 kDa) chains. EC 3.6.1.-.
Motor Skills Disorders
Myoelectric Complex, Migrating
A pattern of gastrointestinal muscle contraction and depolarizing myoelectric activity that moves from the stomach to the ILEOCECAL VALVE at regular frequency during the interdigestive period. The complex and its accompanying motor activity periodically cleanse the bowel of interdigestive secretion and debris in preparation for the next meal.
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.
Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
Serotonin 5-HT4 Receptor Antagonists
A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Analysis of Variance
Myosin Type II
Myosin Type I
Clusters of neuronal cell bodies in invertebrates. Invertebrate ganglia may also contain neuronal processes and non-neuronal supporting cells. Many invertebrate ganglia are favorable subjects for research because they have small numbers of functional neuronal types which can be identified from one animal to another.
Myosin Type V
Rotarod Performance Test
A performance test based on forced MOTOR ACTIVITY on a rotating rod, usually by a rodent. Parameters include the riding time (seconds) or endurance. Test is used to evaluate balance and coordination of the subjects, particular in experimental animal models for neurological disorders and drug effects.
A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.
Recovery of Function
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
A condition characterized by abnormal posturing of the limbs that is associated with injury to the brainstem. This may occur as a clinical manifestation or induced experimentally in animals. The extensor reflexes are exaggerated leading to rigid extension of the limbs accompanied by hyperreflexia and opisthotonus. This condition is usually caused by lesions which occur in the region of the brainstem that lies between the red nuclei and the vestibular nuclei. In contrast, decorticate rigidity is characterized by flexion of the elbows and wrists with extension of the legs and feet. The causative lesion for this condition is located above the red nuclei and usually consists of diffuse cerebral damage. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p358)
Sphincter of Oddi
Spinal Nerve Roots
Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
Disease Models, Animal
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.
Myosin Heavy Chains
Exercise Movement Techniques
Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of FOREBRAIN and BRAIN STEM areas including the HIPPOCAMPAL FORMATION, the LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS, the tegmentum, and the AMYGDALA. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Antagonists
Survival of Motor Neuron 2 Protein
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A condition characterized by inactivity, decreased responsiveness to stimuli, and a tendency to maintain an immobile posture. The limbs tend to remain in whatever position they are placed (waxy flexibility). Catalepsy may be associated with PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA, CATATONIC), nervous system drug toxicity, and other conditions.
Spinal Cord Injuries
Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
A degenerative disorder affecting upper MOTOR NEURONS in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and SPINAL CORD. Disease onset is usually after the age of 50 and the process is usually fatal within 3 to 6 years. Clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, atrophy, FASCICULATION, hyperreflexia, DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, and eventual paralysis of respiratory function. Pathologic features include the replacement of motor neurons with fibrous ASTROCYTES and atrophy of anterior SPINAL NERVE ROOTS and corticospinal tracts. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1089-94)
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.
Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.
Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).
Skeletal muscle structures that function as the MECHANORECEPTORS responsible for the stretch or myotactic reflex (REFLEX, STRETCH). They are composed of a bundle of encapsulated SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS, i.e., the intrafusal fibers (nuclear bag 1 fibers, nuclear bag 2 fibers, and nuclear chain fibers) innervated by SENSORY NEURONS.
Heterocyclic Compounds with 4 or More Rings
Abnormal movements, including HYPERKINESIS; HYPOKINESIA; TREMOR; and DYSTONIA, associated with the use of certain medications or drugs. Muscles of the face, trunk, neck, and extremities are most commonly affected. Tardive dyskinesia refers to abnormal hyperkinetic movements of the muscles of the face, tongue, and neck associated with the use of neuroleptic agents (see ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1199)
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Hereditary Sensory and Motor Neuropathy
A group of slowly progressive inherited disorders affecting motor and sensory peripheral nerves. Subtypes include HMSNs I-VII. HMSN I and II both refer to CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE. HMSN III refers to hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy. HMSN IV refers to REFSUM DISEASE. HMSN V refers to a condition marked by a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with spastic paraplegia (see SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, HEREDITARY). HMSN VI refers to HMSN associated with an inherited optic atrophy (OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY), and HMSN VII refers to HMSN associated with retinitis pigmentosa. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
Colonic Diseases, Functional
Central Nervous System Stimulants
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
One of two ganglionated neural networks which together form the ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. The myenteric (Auerbach's) plexus is located between the longitudinal and circular muscle layers of the gut. Its neurons project to the circular muscle, to other myenteric ganglia, to submucosal ganglia, or directly to the epithelium, and play an important role in regulating and patterning gut motility. (From FASEB J 1989;3:127-38)
Receptors, Dopamine D2
High-linoleate and high-alpha-linolenate diets affect learning ability and natural behavior in SAMR1 mice. (1/14614)Semipurified diets incorporating either perilla oil [high in alpha-linolenate, 18:3(n-3)] or safflower oil [high in linoleate, 18:2(n-6)] were fed to senescence-resistant SAMR1 mouse dams and their pups. Male offspring at 15 mo were examined using behavioral tests. In the open field test, locomotor activity during a 5-min period was significantly higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group. Observations of the circadian rhythm (48 h) of spontaneous motor activity indicated that the safflower oil group was more active than the perilla oil group during the first and second dark periods. The total number of responses to positive and negative stimuli was higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group in the light and dark discrimination learning test, but the correct response ratio was lower in the safflower oil group. The difference in the (n-6)/(n-3) ratios of the diets reflected the proportions of (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, rather than those of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the brain total fatty acids, and in the proportions of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the total polyunsaturated fatty acids of the brain phospholipids. These results suggest that in SAMR1 mice, the dietary alpha-linolenate/linoleate balance affects the (n-6)/(n-3) ratio of brain phospholipids, and this may modify emotional reactivity and learning ability. (+info)
Viral gene delivery selectively restores feeding and prevents lethality of dopamine-deficient mice. (2/14614)Dopamine-deficient mice (DA-/- ), lacking tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in dopaminergic neurons, become hypoactive and aphagic and die by 4 weeks of age. They are rescued by daily treatment with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA); each dose restores dopamine (DA) and feeding for less than 24 hr. Recombinant adeno-associated viruses expressing human TH or GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GTPCH1) were injected into the striatum of DA-/- mice. Bilateral coinjection of both viruses restored feeding behavior for several months. However, locomotor activity and coordination were partially improved. A virus expressing only TH was less effective, and one expressing GTPCH1 alone was ineffective. TH immunoreactivity and DA were detected in the ventral striatum and adjacent posterior regions of rescued mice, suggesting that these regions mediate a critical DA-dependent aspect of feeding behavior. (+info)
Modifications of local cerebral metabolic rates for glucose and motor behavior in rats with unilateral lesion of the subthalamic nucleus. (3/14614)Inactivation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has attracted interest as a therapeutic tool in Parkinson's disease. The functional consequences of the inactivation, however, are uncertain. In this study definition of the pattern of changes of cerebral functional activity associated with lesion of the STN and dopaminergic stimulation, by using the [14C]deoxyglucose method, was sought. Six or 7 days following unilateral lesion of the STN, the animals were divided into two groups: One group (n = 10) was administered apomorphine (1 mg/kg) subcutaneously; the second group (n = 10) received saline. The [14C]deoxyglucose procedure was initiated 10 minutes following the drug or saline injection. The results show that systemic administration of apomorphine to rats with unilateral lesion of the STN causes ipsiversive rotational behavior and asymmetries of glucose utilization of defined brain areas, including the substantia nigra reticulata, globus pallidus, and entopeduncular nucleus. These nuclei are the main targets of the subthalamic excitatory projections. Lesion of the nucleus per se (without challenge with apomorphine) has no significant consequences on glucose utilization. The findings indicate that the STN is involved in the activation of the basal ganglia output nuclei induced by systemic dopaminergic stimulation. (+info)
Behavioral, toxic, and neurochemical effects of sydnocarb, a novel psychomotor stimulant: comparisons with methamphetamine. (4/14614)Sydnocarb (3-(beta-phenylisopropyl)-N-phenylcarbamoylsydnonimine) is a psychostimulant in clinical practice in Russia as a primary and adjunct therapy for a host of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and depression. It has been described as a stimulant with an addiction liability and toxicity less than that of amphetamines. The present study undertook to evaluate the psychomotor stimulant effects of sydnocarb in comparison to those of methamphetamine. Sydnocarb increased locomotor activity of mice with reduced potency (approximately 10-fold) and efficacy compared with methamphetamine. Sydnocarb blocked the locomotor depressant effects of haloperidol at doses that were inactive when given alone. The locomotor stimulant effects of both methamphetamine and sydnocarb were dose-dependently blocked by the dopamine D1 and D2 antagonists SCH 39166 and spiperone, respectively; blockade generally occurred at doses of the antagonists that did not depress locomotor activity when given alone. In mice trained to discriminate methamphetamine from saline, sydnocarb fully substituted for methamphetamine with a 9-fold lower potency. When substituted for methamphetamine under self-administration experiments in rats, 10-fold higher concentrations of sydnocarb maintained responding by its i.v. presentation. Sydnocarb engendered stereotypy in high doses with approximately a 2-fold lower potency than methamphetamine. However, sydnocarb was much less efficacious than methamphetamine in inducing stereotyped behavior. Both sydnocarb and methamphetamine increased dialysate levels of dopamine in mouse striatum; however, the potency and efficacy of sydnocarb was less than methamphetamine. The convulsive effects of cocaine were significantly enhanced by the coadministration of nontoxic doses of methamphetamine but not of sydnocarb. Taken together, the present findings indicate that sydnocarb has psychomotor stimulant effects that are shared by methamphetamine while demonstrating a reduced behavioral toxicity. (+info)
Improvement by nefiracetam of beta-amyloid-(1-42)-induced learning and memory impairments in rats. (5/14614)1. We have previously demonstrated that continuous i.c.v. infusion of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta), the major constituent of senile plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, results in learning and memory deficits in rats. 2. In the present study, we investigated the effects of nefiracetam [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide, DM-9384] on A beta-(1-42)-induced learning and memory deficits in rats. 3. In the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, spontaneous alternation behaviour in a Y-maze task, spatial reference and working memory in a water maze task, and retention of passive avoidance learning were significantly impaired as compared with A beta-(40-1)-infused control rats. 4. Nefiracetam, at a dose range of 1-10 mg kg(-1), improved learning and memory deficits in the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats when it was administered p.o. 1 h before the behavioural tests. 5. Nefiracetam at a dose of 3 mg kg(-1) p.o. increased the activity of choline acetyltransferase in the hippocampus of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats. 6. Nefiracetam increased dopamine turnover in the cerebral cortex and striatum of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, but failed to affect the noradrenaline, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid content. 7. These results suggest that nefiracetam may be useful for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease. (+info)
In vitro analog of operant conditioning in aplysia. II. Modifications of the functional dynamics of an identified neuron contribute to motor pattern selection. (6/14614)Previously, an analog of operant conditioning was developed using the buccal ganglia of Aplysia, the probabilistic occurrences of a specific motor pattern (i.e., pattern I), a contingent reinforcement (i.e., stimulation of the esophageal nerve), and monotonic stimulation of a peripheral nerve (i.e., n.2,3). This analog expressed a key feature of operant conditioning (i.e., selective enhancement of the probability of occurrence of a designated motor pattern by contingent reinforcement). In addition, the training induced changes in the dynamical properties of neuron B51, an element of the buccal central pattern generator. To gain insights into the neuronal mechanisms that mediate features of operant conditioning, the present study identified a neuronal element that was critically involved in the selective enhancement of pattern I. We found that bursting activity in cell B51 contributed significantly to the expression of pattern I and that changes in the dynamical properties of this cell were associated with the selective enhancement of pattern I. These changes could be induced by an explicit association of reinforcement with random depolarization of B51. No stimulation of n.2,3 was required. These results indicate that the selection of a designated motor pattern by contingent reinforcement and the underlying neuronal plasticity resulted from the association of reinforcement with a component of central neuronal activity that contributes to a specific motor pattern. The sensory stimulus that allows for occurrences of different motor acts may not be critical for induction of plasticity that mediates the selection of a motor output by contingent reinforcement in operant conditioning. (+info)
Dissociation in effects of lesions of the nucleus accumbens core and shell on appetitive pavlovian approach behavior and the potentiation of conditioned reinforcement and locomotor activity by D-amphetamine. (7/14614)Dopamine release within the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) has been associated with both the rewarding and locomotor-stimulant effects of abused drugs. The functions of the NAcc core and shell were investigated in mediating amphetamine-potentiated conditioned reinforcement and locomotion. Rats were initially trained to associate a neutral stimulus (Pavlovian CS) with food reinforcement (US). After excitotoxic lesions that selectively destroyed either the NAcc core or shell, animals underwent additional CS-US training sessions and then were tested for the acquisition of a new instrumental response that produced the CS acting as a conditioned reinforcer (CR). Animals were infused intra-NAcc with D-amphetamine (0, 1, 3, 10, or 20 microg) before each session. Shell lesions affected neither Pavlovian nor instrumental conditioning but completely abolished the potentiative effect of intra-NAcc amphetamine on responding with CR. Core-lesioned animals were impaired during the Pavlovian retraining sessions but showed no deficit in the acquisition of responding with CR. However, the selectivity in stimulant-induced potentiation of the CR lever was reduced, as intra-NAcc amphetamine infusions dose-dependently increased responding on both the CR lever and a nonreinforced (control) lever. Shell lesions produced hypoactivity and attenuated amphetamine-induced activity. In contrast, core lesions resulted in hyperactivity and enhanced the locomotor-stimulating effect of amphetamine. These results indicate a functional dissociation of subregions of the NAcc; the shell is a critical site for stimulant effects underlying the enhancement of responding with CR and locomotion after intra-NAcc injections of amphetamine, whereas the core is implicated in mechanisms underlying the expression of CS-US associations. (+info)
Regulation of myocardial blood flow by oxygen consumption is maintained in the failing heart during exercise. (8/14614)The hemodynamic abnormalities and neurohumoral activation that accompany congestive heart failure (CHF) might be expected to impair the increase in coronary blood flow that occurs during exercise. This study was performed to determine the effects of CHF on myocardial oxygen consumption and coronary blood flow during exercise. Coronary blood flow was measured in chronically instrumented dogs at rest, during 2 stages of graded treadmill exercise under control conditions (n=10), and after the development of CHF produced by 3 weeks of rapid ventricular pacing (n=9). In the normal dogs, coronary blood flow increased during exercise in proportion to the increase in the heart rate x the left ventricular systolic blood pressure product (RPP). After the development of CHF, resting myocardial blood flow was 25% lower than normal (P<0.05). Myocardial blood flow increased during the first stage of exercise, but then failed to increase further during the second stage of exercise despite an additional increase in the RPP. Myocardial oxygen consumption during exercise was significantly lower in animals with CHF and paralleled coronary flow. Despite the lower values for coronary blood flow in animals with CHF, there was no evidence for myocardial ischemia. Thus, even during the second level of exercise when coronary flow failed to increase, myocardial lactate consumption continued and coronary venous pH did not fall. In addition, the failure of coronary flow to increase as the exercise level was increased from stage 1 to stage 2 was not associated with a further increase in myocardial oxygen extraction. Thus, cardiac failure was associated with decreased myocardial oxygen consumption and failure of oxygen consumption to increase with an increase in the level of exercise. This abnormality did not appear to result from inadequate oxygen availability, but more likely represented a reduction of myocardial oxygen usage with a secondary decrease in metabolic coronary vasodilation. (+info)
Self-reported physical activity using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in Australian adults with type 2...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Self-reported physical activity using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in Australian adults with type 2 diabetes, with and without peripheral neuropathy. AU - Nolan, Rebecca. AU - Raynor, Annette. AU - Berry, Narelle. AU - May, Esther. PY - 2016/12/1. Y1 - 2016/12/1. N2 - Objectives The aim of this study was to survey the level of self-reported physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes, with and without peripheral neuropathy. Methods A sample of South Australian adults (n=481) 33 to 88 years of age who had type 2 diabetes, including 55 people with peripheral neuropathy, completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Levels of self-reported physical activity were compared between those with and without peripheral neuropathy. Results People with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (median [Mdn]=1433; interquartile range [IQR]=495 to 3390 metabolic equivalent minutes per week [MET-min/wk]) were less physically active than ...
Canadian kids get D minus for overall physical activity: report - 680 NEWS
A new report reveals that the overall physical activity levels of Canadian kids are lagging behind those of youngsters from other nations.. For the first time, Active Healthy Kids Canada is using its annual Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth to see how Canadians measure up to kids in 14 other countries.. The findings were released Tuesday at the first-ever Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children being held in Toronto.. Canadian children and youth were assigned a D minus grade for overall physical activity levels.. Canada trailed near the back of the international pack along with Australia, Ireland and the U.S. - who were also each assigned a D minus - while Scotland received an F.. Mozambique and New Zealand topped the list for overall physical activity levels with each country assigned a B grade.. The report found that 84 per cent of Canadian three-to-four-year-olds met early years guidelines of at least 180 minutes of daily physical activity at any ...
Daily objective physical activity and sedentary time in adults with COPD using spirometry data from Canadian Measures Health...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to be the third leading cause of premature death and disability in Canada and around the world by the year 2020. The study aims to compare objective physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in a population-based sample of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compare a group, and to investigate whether these behaviors differ according to COPD severity. From the 2007-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey dataset, accelerometer and prebronchodilator spirometry data were available for 6441 participants, aged 35 to 79. Two weighted analyses of covariance were performed with adjustments for age, sex, body mass index, accelerometer wearing time, season, work, smoking (cotinine), education level, and income. A set of sensitivity analyses were carried out to examine the possible effect of COPD and type of control group. A cross-sectional weighted analysis indicated that 14.6% of study participants had a measured airflow ...
Using different physical activity measurements in eight European countries. Results of the European Physical Activity...
Objectives: The European Physical Activity Surveillance System (EUPASS) research project compared several physical activity (PA) measures (including the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)) in a time series survey in eight countries of the European Union. The present paper describes first results provided by the different instruments regarding PA participation, frequency and duration, both at the European and national levels. The purpose of the present study is to explore and compare the specific quality and usefulness of different indicators rather than to provide valid and reliable prevalence data. Thus, the main focus is on discussion of the methodological implications of the results presented. Methods: A time series survey based on computer-aided telephone interviewing (CATI) was carried out in eight European countries over a six-month period. The study provided for about 100 realised interviews per month in each country (i.e. ~600 per country). Descriptive statistical ...
Prevalence and correlates of state and regional disparities in vigorous physical activity levels among US children and...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and correlates of state and regional disparities in vigorous physical activity levels among US children and adolescents. AU - Singh, Gopal K.. AU - Kogan, Michael D.. AU - Siahpush, Mohammad. AU - Van Dyck, Peter C.. PY - 2009/1. Y1 - 2009/1. N2 - Background: This study examines state and regional disparities in vigorous physical activity levels among US children age 6 to 17 years. Methods: The 2003 National Survey of Childrens Health was used to calculate vigorous physical activity (VPA) and no days of vigorous physical activity (NVPA) prevalence by state and geographic region. Logistic and least squares regression were used to analyze geographic disparities. Results: Vigorous physical activity levels varied substantially across geographic areas, with the East Southcentral region of the US having the highest NVPA prevalence (13.4%) and the Pacific region the lowest prevalence (9.1%). Children in Georgia and Tennessee had 2.2 to 2.3 times higher odds and children in ...
Results from Venezuelas 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth in: Journal of Physical Activity and...
The Venezuelan 2018 Report Card updated the information available on the 2016 Report Card6 and compiled the information available for the 10 core physical activity indicators that are common to the Global Matrix 3.0 (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behavior, Physical Fitness, Family and Peers, School, Community and Environment, Government). In addition, Cardiometabolic Risk, Physical Activity for Children and Youth with a Disability, and Nongovernment initiatives indicators were included. These indicators were clustered into 1 of 3 categories: Daily Behaviors (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behaviors), Settings and Sources of Influence (Family and Peers, School, Community and Environment), and Strategies and Investments (Government, Nongovernment (NGO), Physical Activity Initiatives for Children and Youth with ...
Factors associated with change in objectively measured physical activity in older people: data from the Physical Activity...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors associated with change in objectively measured physical activity in older people. T2 - data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland study. AU - Clarke, Clare. AU - Sniehotta, Falko F.. AU - Vadiveloo, Thenmalar. AU - Argo, Ishbel. AU - Donnan, Peter. AU - McMurdo, Marion. AU - Witham, Miles. N1 - Funding: Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government. Grants CZH/4/518 and CZG/2/569. PY - 2017/8/14. Y1 - 2017/8/14. N2 - Background: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people.Methods: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later. Physical activity ...
Objectively measured physical activity of USA adults by sex, age, and racial/ethnic groups: a cross-sectional study |...
The current study examined objectively measured physical activity data collected on a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults and thus provided a unique opportunity to investigate total physical activity and various levels of physical activity intensity across racial/ethnic and sex groups. The most striking findings were the relatively higher amounts of physical activity among Hispanic men and women compared to their male and female counterparts.. This current effort indentified a pattern of higher physical activity levels in Hispanic men compared to white and black men. The results also indicate that Hispanic women engage in more light physical activity compared to their white and black counterparts. This is in contrast to previous results from national surveys, which have indicated that Hispanic men and women are less active compared to their white and black counterparts. Results from the 1994-2004 BRFSS showed that Hispanic men and women reported greater amounts of inactivity than ...
Relation between self-recalled childhood physical activity and adult physical activity: The womens health initiative
Background: Evidence suggests that childhood physical activity may play a role in the etiology and prevention of adult chronic diseases. Because researchers must often depend on self-recalled physical activity data many years after the exposure, it is important to understand factors which may influence adult recall of childhood physical activity. This study evaluated the influence of adult characteristics on reported childhood physical activity and the association between adult physical activity and self-recalled childhood physical activity. Methods: 48,066 post-menopausal women from the Womens Health Initiative Observational Study reported their physical activity level during ages 5-9, 10-14, and 15-19. Results: In this cohort, over 65% of the population reported the same category of physical activity over the three childhood age groups. While higher levels of childhood physical activity were significantly associated with higher adult physical activity, this association varied by race/ethnicity,
Physical Activity Assessment - RWJF
The purpose of this study was to test the accuracy and reliability of the Physical Activity Assessment Tool (PAAT). This self-administered tool is designed to help physicians determine the level of physical activity of their patients and aid in counseling their patients. Sixty-eight active and underactive volunteers between the ages of 18 and 64 were recruited from a university community in New Orleans. Participants completed the PAAT and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Long Form (IPAQ) twice and wore a Manufacturing Technology Inc. accelerometer for 14 days.. Key Findings:. ...
Association of self-reported physical activity patterns and socio-demographic factors among normal-weight and overweight...
It is still not known whether overweight men have different patterns and socio-demographic correlates of self-reported physical activity (PA) compared with normal-weight men. Thus, this study examined the perceived PA patterns and associated socio-demographic factors among normal-weight and overweight Japanese men. Data were analyzed for 1,420 men (aged 44.48.3years) who responded to an Internet-based cross-sectional survey relating to socio-demographic variables, BMI status, and a short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and binary logistic regression analyses were employed. Normal-weight men were significantly more likely to attain 150 minutes per week of moderate-to-vigorous PA than overweight men (26.6% vs. 21.3%; p=0.035), whereas there were no significant proportional differences in total PA and walking between the two BMI subgroups. With PA, a significant interaction was observed between BMI status and household income (p=0.004 for total PA; p
Physical activity patterns and clusters in 1001 patients with COPD
We described physical activity measures and hourly patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after stratification for generic and COPD-specific characteristics and, based on multiple physical activity measures, we identified clusters of patients. In total, 1001 patients with COPD (65% men; age, 67 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV 1 ], 49% predicted) were studied cross-sectionally. Demographics, anthropometrics, lung function and clinical data were assessed. Daily physical activity measures and hourly patterns were analysed based on data from a multisensor armband. Principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis were applied to physical activity measures to identify clusters. Age, body mass index (BMI), dyspnoea grade and ADO index (including age, dyspnoea and airflow obstruction) were associated with physical activity measures and hourly patterns. Five clusters were identified based on three PCA components, which accounted for 60% of ...
ERIC - EJ959434 - Do You Hear What I Hear? Overweight Childrens Perceptions of Different Physical Activity Settings, Journal...
Social-Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1986, 1999) served as the framework to explore overweight childrens perceptions of different physical activity settings. Participants were children (n = 67) enrolled in an after-school and summer program for overweight African-American and Hispanic-American children from low-income families. To gain insight into the childrens thoughts encompassing their participation in both the after school/summer program and their physical education classes at their respective elementary schools, all of the children individually participated in semistructured interviews. Children enjoyed their involvement in the after-school/summer program and described social, physical, and cognitive benefits related to their participation. Interview data also revealed childrens ideas and suggestions for adapting physical education to enhance participation in physical activity. Based on these results, instructional and management strategies focusing on promoting a nurturing
Validation and application of objective measures of obesity and physical activity : studies in pregnant and non-pregnant adults...
Background Excess adipose tissue and low physical activity are two major determinants for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Understanding these relationships requires accurate and precise measures of body composition and physical activity, and most existing observational studies lack such measures. Paper I to III in this thesis addresses the validity of measures of physical activity and abdominal adipose mass. In paper IV and V, we explore the relationships between obesity and physical activity on metabolic health in non-pregnant and pregnant women and their offspring.. Methods and Results Two hundred men and women representative of the Northern Sweden EPIC cohort were recruited for Paper I. A questionnaire on physical activity (PAQ) was validated against objectively measured physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE). A categorical physical activity index (Cambridge index) calculated from PAQ showed strongest correlation with PAEE (r=0.33 p,0.05). In Paper ...
Epoch length and its effect on physical activity intensity
A short epoch is strongly recommended for child and adolescent samples to obtain a real picture of young peoples physical activity behavior and to prevent accumulation of counts reflecting the average activity level when longer epochs are used. Activity prevalence studies using epoch lengths of 5 …
Committee Examines How the Built Environment Influences Physical Activity Levels - RWJF
The Transportation Research Board and the Institute of Medicine formed a 14-member committee to examine the connection between the built environment and the physical activity levels of the U.S. population.
Physical activity and medicine use: evidence from a population-based study
Background: Few studies have investigated the association between physical activity practice and medicine use; data from these studies are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between level of physical activity and medicine use in adults aged 20 years or more. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the first semester of 2002 in the urban area of Pelotas; a medium-sized Southern Brazilian city. Physical activity was assessed with the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A physical activity score was created as the weekly time spent in moderate-intensity activities plus twice the weekly time spent in vigorous-intensity activities. Medicine use in the 15 days prior to the interview was also assessed. Adjusted analyses taking into account the sampling design was carried out using Poisson regression. Wald tests for heterogeneity and linear trend were used to calculate significance. Results: Out of the 3,182 ...
Influence of the day care, home and neighbourhood environment on young childrens physical activity and health: protocol for...
In 2011, 83% of Australian children aged 4-5 years who did not attend school were attending a preschool, or a preschool programme in an ECEC service and 54% of 2-3 year olds usually attended formal childcare such as long day care.15 In comparison, 93% of children in the UK are enrolled in formal care16 and 26% of children under the age of 6 attend centre-based care in the US.17 ECEC services such as long day care are an important setting for increasing physical activity in the early years, yet international evidence shows that a significant proportion of preschoolers fail to meet physical activity recommendations while attending day care.18 ,19. The day care physical environment has the potential to either positively or negatively influence physical activity and the overall health and development of young children in care.14 ,20-22 A 2010 review identified that more space per child and open play areas were correlated with increased physical activity of children attending day care.20 The presence ...
Influence of socio-economic status on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in 8- to 11-year old children
Background: While socio-economic status has been shown to be an important determinant of health and physical activity in adults, results for children and adolescents are less consistent. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to examine whether physical activity and sedentary behavior differs in children by socio-economic status (SES) independent of body mass index. Methods: Data were from two cohorts including 271 children (117 males; 154 females) in study 1 and 131 children in study 2 (63 males; 68 females). The average age was 9.6 and 8.8 years respectively. Height and body mass were assessed according to standard procedures and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was calculated. Parent-reported household income was used to determine SES. Habitual, free-living physical activity (PA) was assessed by a pedometer (steps/day) in study 1 and accelerometer (time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA) in study 2. Self-reported time spent watching TV and on the computer was used as measure of sedentary ...
Self-reported physical activity correlates in Swedish adults with multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional study
Abstract. Background: The benefits of physical activity in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are considerable. Knowledge about factors that correlate to physical activity is helpful in order to develop successful strategies to increase physical activity in persons with MS. Previous studies have focused on correlates to physical activity in MS, however falls self-efficacy, social support and enjoyment of physical activity are not much studied, as well as if the correlates differ with regard to disease severity. The aim of the study was to examine associations between physical activity and age, gender, employment, having children living at home, education, disease type, disease severity, fatigue, self-efficacy for physical activity, falls self-efficacy, social support and enjoyment of physical activity in a sample of persons with MS and in subgroups with regard to disease severity.. Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey study including Swedish community living adults with MS, 287 persons, ...
Age-Related Change in Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Age-Related Change in Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls. AU - Pate, Russell R.. AU - Stevens, June. AU - Webber, Larry S.. AU - Dowda, Marsha. AU - Murray, David M.. AU - Young, Deborah R.. AU - Going, Scott. PY - 2009/3/1. Y1 - 2009/3/1. N2 - Purpose: To determine the annual rate at which physical activity changes in girls during middle school using both objective and self-report measures of physical activity. Methods: Participants were sixth- and eighth-grade girls from the control schools in the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls (TAAG). Random cross-sectional samples initially were drawn from sixth-grade girls (n = 786) and 2 years later from eighth-grade girls (n = 1545). A cohort of 501 girls was in both the sixth- and the eighth-grade samples. The girls wore an accelerometer for 6 days and completed the 3-Day Physical Activity Recall. Data were summarized using 3.0-, 4.6-, and 6.5-metabolic equivalent cutpoints for accelerometry and self-reported physical activity. ...
Physical Activity Questionnaires: Reliability & Validity - Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
Research Paper Title A Systematic Review of Reliability and Objective Criterion-related Validity of Physical Activity Questionnaires. Background Physical inactivity is one of the four leading risk factors for global mortality. Accurate measurement of physical activity (PA) and in particular by physical activity questionnaires (PAQs) remains a challenge. The aim of this paper was to provide…
Moderate Exercise Linked to Better Executive Function in Older HIV+ People
The new study involved 80 HIV-positive people in the Successful Aging Seniors With HIV (SASH) study, all between 50 and 70 years old. SASH members undergo a battery of neurocognitive tests encompassing seven domains. Study participants self-reported physical activity on an examiner-administrated International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), which queries people on frequency and duration of walking, moderate physical activity, and vigorous physical activity over the past 7 days. IPAQ yields a continuous score based on minutes/week x intensity for each activity level ...
Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparative Study
The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity patterns of older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in comparison with younger adults with ID and older adults without ID. A sample of 109 participants was included in the study. Sophisticated data reduction, time stamped technology, and multiple objective measures (i.e., pedometers and accelerometers) were used to determine physical activity intensities and walking patterns of participants. Results indicate that older adults with ID are performing less physical activity than comparison groups. A small proportion of older adults with ID (6%) met national physical activity recommendations of 150 min of moderate or 75 min of vigorous physical activity in bouts greater than ten minutes across the week (USDHHS, 2008). Sedentary behavior was also an observable factor in this study. These findings demonstrate the need for health promotion efforts for adults with ID across the lifespan ...
SurveyXact - Spørreskjema - Selvrapportering - Metode - Library subject guides. Fagsider at University of Agder
Physical Activity Assessments for Health-Related Research by Gregory J. Welk Physical Activity Assessments for Health-Related Researchis a comprehensive guide on the use of physical activity instruments in health-related research. Written by internationally known experts in exercise science and physical activity epidemiology, the text provides researchers with practical information about the most effective ways to collect, score, and interpret physical activity data for research purposes. Editor Gregory J. Welk, PhD, expertly compiles the most relevant research on physical activity assessment to help readers understand the history, current trends, and approaches involved in the study of physical activity. Emphasizing instruments for health-related research, the text provides specific resources for analyzing and interpreting data and includes several new assessment techniques. This reference provides the following tools to help you with your research: -Reviews of various techniques, including ...
Physical activity assessment in cystic fibrosis : A position statement
BACKGROUND: The aim of this position statement was to inform the choice of physical activity tools for use within CF research and clinical settings. METHODS: A systematic review of physical activity tools to explore evidence for reliability, validity, and responsiveness. Narrative answers to four key questions on motion sensors, questionnaires ... read more and diaries were drafted by the core writing team and then discussed at the Exercise Working Group in ECFS Lisbon 2013. RESULTS AND SUMMARY: Our current position is that activity monitors such as SenseWear or ActiGraph offer informed choices to facilitate a comprehensive assessment of physical activity, and should as a minimum report on dimensions of physical activity including energy expenditure, step count and time spent in different intensities and sedentary time. The DigiWalker pedometer offers an informed choice of a comparatively inexpensive method of obtaining some measurement of physical activity. The HAES represents an informed ...
The dose-response association between V̇O2peak and self-reported physical activity in children<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The dose-response association between V̇O2peak and self-reported physical activity in children. AU - Nevill, Alan M.. AU - Duncan, Michael. AU - Sandercock, Gavin. PY - 2020/5/13. Y1 - 2020/5/13. N2 - Background: Previous research into the association between aerobic fitness and physical activity in children is equivocal. However, previous research has always assumed that such an association was linear. This study sought to characterize the dose-response association between physical activity and aerobic fitness and to assess whether this association is linear or curvilinear and varies by sex, age and weight status. Methods: Physical activity (assess using the Physical Activity Questionnaire), aerobic fitness (20 m shuttle-run), BMI, screen-time and socio-demographic data were collected at ages 12, 14 and 16 years in (n = 1422) volunteers from 9 English schools. Multilevel-regression modelling was used to analyse the longitudinal data. Results: The analysis identified a ...
A cross sectional examination of the associations between physical activity and school facilities among youth in the COMPASS...
Objective: This study examined the prevalence of physical activity of secondary students in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. This study also examined between school variability in physical activity levels, and identified school and student level characteristics that are associated with physical activity. Methods: This cross sectional study used the COMPASS Year 2 data. This data contained information on 79 secondary schools in Ontario and 10 in Alberta, as well as student level information on 45,298 grade 9 to 12 students who attend those schools. Multilevel modeling was used to examine associations between physical activity and school and student level characteristics. Physical activity is measured by three outcome measures: achieving 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily, achieving the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiologys (CSEP) guideline for youth physical activity (achieving 60 minutes of MVPA daily as well as achieving at least 3 days per week of vigorous ...
Patterns of 12-year change in physical activity levels in community-dwelling older women: can modest levels of physical...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Patterns of 12-year change in physical activity levels in community-dwelling older women. T2 - can modest levels of physical activity help older women live longer?. AU - Xue, Qian Li. AU - Bandeen-Roche, Karen. AU - Mielenz, Thelma J.. AU - Seplaki, Christopher L.. AU - Szanton, Sarah L.. AU - Thorpe, Roland J.. AU - Kalyani, Rita R.. AU - Chaves, Paulo H.M.. AU - Dam, Thuy Tien L.. AU - Ornstein, Katherine. AU - RoyChoudhury, Arindam. AU - Varadhan, Ravi. AU - Yao, Wenliang. AU - Fried, Linda P.. PY - 2012/9/15. Y1 - 2012/9/15. N2 - Few studies have addressed changes in physical activity participation over time among the elderly. The authors hypothesized that there were distinct trajectories of physical activity level over time and identifiable predictors of such trajectories, as well as that the maintenance of regular physical activity, even below recommended levels, was associated with lower mortality risk. Using longitudinal data (1994-2009) from 433 initially ...
Physical activity in persons with Parkinson disease: A feasibility study
Background: Physical activity for persons with Parkinson Disease (PD) is recommended yet little is known about the physical activity levels in this patient population. The primary aim was to assess the feasibility of using a direct measurement and self-report measure of physical activity in patients with PD. Methods: Physical activity was recorded in 11 out-patients with mild to moderate PD. An accelerometer based sensor system (SenseWear Pro Armband?) which was worn continuously over 2 days was used to measure physical activity. Minute by minute energy expenditure and steps per day were recorded. Self-report physical activity was measured using the Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-enhancing physical activity (SQUASH) which assessed average weekly activity. Results: Using the accelerometer based sensor system, 83% of the day was spent in sedentary activity with the majority active time spent at a light intensity (2.7 [SD 2.0] hrs/day). Self-reported mean number of hours for activities greater than 2
A snapshot of the prevalence of physical activity amongst older, community dwelling people in Victoria, Australia: patterns...
Physical activity has a range of health benefits for older people. The aim of this study was to determine physical activity prevalence and attitudes amongst respondents to a trial screening survey. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Subjects were community dwelling older people aged ≥ 65 years, recruited via general practices in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed a mailed screening tool containing the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Active Australia survey and the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. Of 330 participants, 20% were ≥ 80 years. Activity levels were similar to those reported in population studies. The proportion of participants reporting physical activity was greatest for the walking category, but decreased across categories of physical activity intensity. The oldest-old were represented at all physical activity intensity levels. Over half reported exercising at levels that, according to national criteria are, sufficient to attain health benefit. A greater
Differential effects of a selective dopamine D1-like receptor agonist on motor activity and c-fos expression in the frontal...
Molecular genetic studies suggest the dopamine D1 receptor (D1R) may be implicated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As little is known about the potential motor role of D1R in ADHD, animal models may provide important insights into this issue. We investigated the effects of a full and selective D1R agonist, SKF-81297 (0.3, 3 and 10 mg/kg), on motor behaviour and expression of the plasticity-associated gene, c-fos, in habituated young adult male Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR), the most commonly used animal model of ADHD, and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY; the strain from which SHR were derived). SHR rats were more behaviourally active than WKY rats after injection with vehicle. The 0.3 mg/kg dose of SKF-81297 increased motor behaviour (locomotion, sifting, rearing, and sniffing) in both SHR and WKY rats. Total grooming was also stimulated, but only in WKY rats. The same dose increased c-fos mRNA expression in the piriform cortex of both strains. The 3 mg/kg dose increased sifting and
Changes in physical activity and risk of all-cause mortality in patients on maintence hemodialysis: a retrospective cohort...
The present study was performed to examine all-cause mortality rate in a cohort of 192 hemodialysis patients. Forty (20.8%) patients died during the observation period lasting up to 7 years, with cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death. Almost one quarter of the patients showed a decline in physical activity over time, which was significantly related to elevated mortality risk independent of patient characteristics and baseline physical activity. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an association between change in physical activity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Our findings suggest that it is important to prevent a decline in physical activity over time in hemodialysis patients to improve their prognosis.. Only a few studies have examined changes in physical activity evaluated with an accelerometer or pedometer and mortality. Yates et al. reported that a decrease and an increase of approximately 25% in steps per day from baseline were noted in 25.2 and 24.9% of ...
Spatial attentional bias as a marker of genetic risk, symptom severity and stimulant response in ADHD<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spatial attentional bias as a marker of genetic risk, symptom severity and stimulant response in ADHD. AU - Bellgrove, Mark A AU - Barry, Edwina. AU - Johnson, Katherine A AU - Cox, Marie. AU - Daibhis, Aoife. AU - Daly, Michael. AU - Hawi, Ziarih. AU - Lambert, David. AU - Fitzgerald, Michael. AU - McNicholas, Fiona. AU - Robertson, Ian H. AU - Gill, Michael. AU - Kirley, Aiveen. PY - 2008/9. Y1 - 2008/9. N2 - Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable childhood onset disorder that is marked by variability at multiple levels including clinical presentation, cognitive profile, and response to stimulant medications. It has been suggested that this variability may reflect etiological differences, particularly, at the level of underlying genetics. This study examined whether an attentional phenotype-spatial attentional bias could serve as a marker of symptom severity, genetic risk, and stimulant response in ADHD. A total of 96 children and adolescents with ADHD ...
Changes in objective physical activity in a randomised lifestyle intervention among diabetes prone Middle-Eastern immigrants...
DAPA Measurement Toolkit
The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for physical activity surveillance in countries. It collects information on physical activity participation in three settings (or domains) as well as sedentary behaviour, comprising 16 questions (P1-P16).. The GPAQ covers several components of physical activity, such as intensity, duration, and frequency, and it assesses three domains in which physical activity is performed (occupational physical activity, transport-related physical activity, and physical activity during discretionary or leisure time).. The GPAQ has been developed for face-to-face interviews conducted by trained interviewers. It has been tested in large scale population-based surveys with the general adult population.. It is advised that show cards be used when the GPAQ is administered. Show cards should be developed for each of the activity types covered by the GPAQ: vigorous and moderate activity at work, transport activity, ...
Abstract P265: Physical Activity is Inversely Associated with Multimorbidity in Men: Results from the Population-Based KORA-Age...
Background: The co-occurrence of two or more chronic diseases in one individual, commonly known as multimorbidity, has become a major public health problem among the elderly. Physical activity has proven to be an essential means to mitigate chronic morbidity and disability. Therefore, we hypothesized that physical activity was inversely associated with multimorbidity. Currently, epidemiological studies addressing this research question are lacking.. Methods: Using data from 1,007 men and women aged 65-94 years who participated in the population-based KORA-Age project conducted in Augsburg/Germany and two adjacent counties in 2009, thirteen chronic conditions were identified through a standardized telephone interview and a self-administered questionnaire. Physical activity scores were calculated based on the self-reported physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE), comprised of occupational, household and leisure activity items. Sex-specific logistic regression adjusted for age, BMI, ...
SP0101 When To Use Objective and Subjective Assessment of Physical Activity? Issues of Reliability, Validity and Usability |...
Over the last decade, physical activity has become a key outcome domain in the assessment of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). Physical activity can be defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that results in energy expenditure. Both physical and mental aspects of health in RMDs have been associated with optimal levels and patterns of physical activity. Also, intervention studies promoting physical activity in people with RMDs have largely confirmed these health benefits. Although there is consensus on its importance, the assessment of physical activity is complex and research in this area is rapidly growing. This lecture will therefore give a narrative overview of the state-of-the-art assessment of physical activity in RMDs considering the perspective of a researcher, a clinician, a patient and (to a lesser extent) the general population.. In a first part, this lecture will discuss the relationship between physical activity and energy expenditure. More ...
PRIME PubMed | Self-reported physical activity behavior of breast cancer survivors during and after adjuvant therapy: 12 months...
PubMed journal article Self-reported physical activity behavior of breast cancer survivors during and after adjuvant therapy: 12 months follow-up of two randomized exercise intervention trial were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
PLOS ONE: Caffeine Intake, Short Bouts of Physical Activity, and Energy Expenditure: A Double-Blind Randomized Crossover Trial
PA energy expenditure (PAEE) is the most variable component of Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) and largely due to the balance of sedentary time (SedT) and low intensity physical activity (LIPA). There has been an emergence for seeking an understanding of factors which determine variations in SedT, LIPA, and PAEE. Sedentary behavior and physical activity are relatively resistant to change by experimental dietary treatments and significant body weight changes. Although caffeine (Caf) is by far the most heavily used nutritional agent ingested to promote a sense of vigor/alertness, it is still unknown if Caf is effective in increasing PAEE and physical activity. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that 2 daily doses of Caf (as a capsule to blind the treatment and divided equally during breakfast and lunch) increase PAEE and TEE, and it would do so through increasing the frequent and brief bouts of physical activity (~1-5 min long) through the day as measured by accelerometry. In 21 low Caf users
Determinents of childrenâ¬s physical activity and sedentary behaviour: a follow-up study from early childhood
This study aims to examine factors that influence changes in levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviours from the important preschool years, across the transition to school and early school years. It is intended that the findings of this study will make a useful contribution to our ability to effectively prevent the detrimental health outcomes associated with inactivity through enhanced knowledge of factors that influence physical activity and sedentary behaviour participation among young children ...
Promoting Physical Activity Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Given the growing rates of type 2 diabetes and the documented benefits of physical activity in the treatment of this illness, further research is needed to examine methods of targeting this patient group to achieve improvements in physical activity behavior. The primary aim of this planning grant is to implement a pilot study examining the feasibility and efficacy of an individually-targeted, theoretically-based physical activity intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes. The physical activity intervention is compared to usual care, and the primary outcome is weekly physical activity at a one-month follow-up. These pilot data would demonstrate the feasibility of partnering with a community agency for participant recruitment and program implementation, as well as the potential efficacy of this intervention to promote physical activity in this high-risk population ...
Schools Provide Evidence-based Opportunity to Increase Physical Activity Among Youth
On Friday, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released a new report identifying interventions that can help increase physical activity in youth aged 3-17 years across a variety of settings. The primary audiences for the report are policymakers, health care providers, and public health professionals. APTA submitted comments in December 2012 on the draft report. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report: Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Youth summarizes intervention strategies based on the evidence from literature reviews and is organized into 5 settings where youth live, learn, and play: school, preschool and childcare, community, family and home, and primary health care.. Key findings of the report suggest that: ...
PAR-09-224: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01)
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01) PAR-09-224. NCI
PAR-06-104: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01)
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01) PAR-06-104. NCI
No differential expression of genes thought to play role in voluntary physical activity in mice by Michelle J. Dawes, David P...
Physical inactivity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease, obesity, type II diabetes and some types of cancers. Studies have shown that genetics play a significant role in the regulation of voluntary physical activity. However, these studies involve ad libitum access to wheel running, which may cause confounded results due to a training effect, especially in inherently high active animals. This study investigated the levels of gene expression of four potential candidate genes that have been noted to be expressed differentially between high and low active animals: Myostatin (Mstn), Calsequestrin 1 (Casq1), Glucose Transporter member 4 (Slc2a4), and Leptin Receptor (Lepr). These genes where evaluated in previously used high active (C57L/J, n=6) and low active (C3H/HeJ, n=6) inbred mice that were housed with a locked running wheel. The locked wheel eliminated potential training effects on gene expression. Total RNA was isolated from soleus and nucleus accumbens tissue and quantitative real
This unit introduces students to the field of physical activity and health. The unit begins by exploring the benefits of physical activity and risks of sedentary behaviour and then moves on to understand physical activity participation. In this regard, common theories of behaviour change are explored as are key correlates of physical activity participation. An introduction to physical activity interventions is provided as is an introduction to the importance of physical activity in the lives of specific population sub-groups including older adults and underserved populations. Throughout the unit, students are required to source and reflect on high quality evidence in particular to design an appropriate and safe physical activity program that addresses known barriers to participation and fosters adoption and maintenance.. ...
Physical activity patterns in older men and women in Germany: a cross-sectional study | BMC Public Health | Full Text
Data on physical activity in older adults in Germany is scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze physical activity patterns and to explore factors associated with physical activity in different domains, i.e. sporting activities (SA) and domestic activities (DA), in older men and women. As part of the 7-year follow-up telephone interviews of the getABI cohort (community-dwelling older adults in Germany), the PRISCUS-PAQ was used to survey participants about their everyday physical activity patterns. Time per week (hh:mm) spent in SA and DA (heavy housework, gardening) was analyzed for men and women. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed in order to assess the odds of participating in SA and DA for at least 2.5 hours/week in association with sociodemographic factors, a broad range of physical health-related factors and interview date (season of the year). A total of 1,610 primary health care patients (51.6% women) with a median age of 77 (range 72-93) years were included in the
Associations of movement behaviors and body mass index: comparison bet by Youngwon Kim, Ryan D. Burns et al.
Background/objectives Evidence on the associations between lifestyle movement behaviors and obesity has been established without taking into account the time-constrained nature of categorized, time-based lifestyle behaviors. We examined the associations of sleep, sedentary behavior (SED), light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) with body mass index (BMI) using Compositional Data Analysis (CoDA), and compared the associations between a report-based method (24-h Physical Activity Recall; 24PAR) and a monitor-based method (SenseWear Armband; SWA). Subjects/methods Replicate data from a representative sample of 1247 adults from the Physical Activity Measurement Survey (PAMS) were used in the study. Participants completed activity monitoring on two randomly selected days, each of which required wearing a SWA for a full day, and then completing a telephone-administered 24PAR the following day. Relationships among behavioral compositional parts and BMI were analyzed using
HUNZA DEVELOPMENT FORUM: Longevity Campaign, the Silkroute-to-health initiative
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"Timeline of American Motors in Costa Rica". amc.co.cr. Retrieved September 15, 2014. "Activities by RegionLatin America". ... American Motors' vehicles were assembled in New Zealand by VW Motors at their Volkswagen plants in Auckland until 1962. From ... "Rambler Motors". gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved August 20, 2019. "U.S. Car Concessionaires in Great Britain". Motor Sport ... "Full-Size American Motors". Motor Trend: 90. November 1966. "1967 Ambassador brochure". Old Car Brochures. p. 11. Retrieved ...
"Modification of seizure activity by electrical stimulation. II. Motor seizure". Electroencephalography and Clinical ... Rearing and falling with forelimb clonus (generalized motor convulsions) During this final stage, the patient is at the highest ... In this experiment, researchers used implanted electrodes to measure the electrographic activity during the introduction of a ...
Plug-in electric vehicles in the United Kingdom
Motor Authority. Retrieved 26 March 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "NCR Statistics: Activity by Network". ... Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). "Motor Industry Facts 2012" (PDF). SMMT. Retrieved 10 October 2013. CS1 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) (April 2011). "Motor Industry Facts ... Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) (4 July 2013). "June 2013 - EV and AFV registrations". SMMT. Retrieved 14 ...
"TMC Outlines Motor-sports Activities for 2013". Toyota Motor Corporation. Toyota Motor Corporation. 25 February 2013. Retrieved ...
"Toyota Motor North America Reports December 2019, Year-End Sales" (Press release). Plano, Texas: Toyota Motor Sales, USA. 3 ... "Activities by Region - South Africa". Toyota. 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2018. "Toyota Factory Service Manual - Free Toyota ... "Tsutsumi Plant". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014. "1st Celica Camry sedan". Toyota Motor Corporation ... "1st Windom hardtop". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2014. "3rd Vista sedan". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. ...
Hyundai Santa Fe
"Sales Performance , IR Activities , IR , Company , Company - Hyundai Worldwide". Hyundai Motor Company. Retrieved 2020-10-04. " ... Part of a joint venture with Hyundai Motors that began in 2002, a Chinese company, Hawtai Motor, manufactured the first- ... NEW HYUNDAI SANTA FE OFFICIALLY DEBUTS IN KOREA from Motor Trend (February 21, 2018) "Hyundai Motor Releases First Teaser Image ... There is a Hyundai Santa Fe Blue Hybrid that is powered by petrol engine coupled to a 30 kW (41 PS; 40 hp) electric motor. The ...
2015 AAA 400
Pistone, Pete (October 2, 2015). "Rain Cancels Friday Activities at Dover". MRN.com. Motor Racing Network. Archived from the ... Motor Racing Network [@MRNRadio] (October 4, 2015). "[email protected]_Jr will go to the back of the field after unapproved ... Motor Racing Network. October 3, 2015. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015. "AAA 400 ... Dover, Delaware: Motor Racing Network. Archived from the original on October 5, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015. DeGroot, Nick ...
"Activities by Region, Latin America". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved ... Some North American motor-coach manufacturers began building Toyota motor-homes from the Hilux. Global markets: 1972-1978: 1.6 ... The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. The Xtra Cabs now featured more room behind ... "Company profile". Indus Motors Company. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Young, Angelo (19 August 2013). "About ...
Sensory-motor activities. At rest sensory input to the higher sensory areas of the cerebral cortex is gated through the ... Visceral survival activities. Zona incerta controls such activities as water and food intake, sexuality and cardiovascular ... In monkeys for example neuronal activity in the zona incerta "pauses" before the start of a saccade and resumes at the end of a ... This is sometimes called the motor part of the zona incerta nucleus. This is the area targeted by deep brain stimulation area ...
"Sales Performance , IR Activities , IR , Company , Company - Hyundai Worldwide". Hyundai Motor Company. Retrieved 2020-10-04. ... "Will Hyundai Motor Be Able to Produce the Tucson SUV in the U.S.?". Businesskorea (in Korean). 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2020-12-21 ... The engine generates 113 hp (85 kW) and is accompanied by a 67 hp (50 kW) electric motor and a 10.7 kWh lithium-ion polymer ... "Thomas Bürkle". Hyundai Motor UK Ltd. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-08-12. "First drive: Hyundai ...
2018 Super Formula Championship
"Toyota GAZOO Racing Outlines 2018 Motorsports Activities". Toyota Motor Corporation. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018 ... Honda Motor Co., Ltd. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2017. Khorounzhiy, Valentin (27 March 2018). "Fittipaldi lands 2018 ... The 2018 Japanese Super Formula Championship is the 32nd season of premier Japanese open-wheel motor racing, and the sixth ...
2017 Super Formula Championship
"Toyota GAZOO Racing Outlines 2017 Motorsports Activities". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017 ... "Honda 2017 Motorsports Program Overview". Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February ... The 2017 Japanese Super Formula Championship is the 31st season of premier Japanese open-wheel motor racing, and the fifth ...
In this activity, stutters are made to shadow a repeated movement that is internally or externally sourced. It reduces the ... The short delay of response occurs as the motor regions of the brain have recorded cues that are related to consonants. The ... The auditory hairs can be stimulated to sharpened activity when a tonal emission is held for 100 ms. This length of time ... In the 1950s, the Motor theory of speech perception was also in development through Alvin Liberman and Franklin S. Cooper. It ...
Erlacher, D.; Schredl, M. (2004). "Required time for motor activities in lucid dreams". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 99 (3 Pt 2 ... Mutz and Javadi found that during lucid dreaming, there is an increase in activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the ... LaBerge also proposes that there are higher amounts of beta-1 frequency band (13-19 Hz) brain wave activity experienced by ... LaBerge S.; Dement W.C. (1982b). "Lateralization of alpha activity for dreamed singing and counting during REM sleep". ...
Suma Gestión Tributaria
It has delegated powers for the following taxes and fees: Property Tax (IBI). Economic Activities Tax (IAE). Motor Vehicle Tax ... It is responsible for the processing of local taxes from the first instance of a taxable activity or property to the receipt of ... This involves a number of activities: updating the various payment lists, communicating with customers by issuing bills, ...
Paul H. Bruske
"Factory Activities". The Automobile, Volume 36. May 10, 1917. p. 899. Draft registration card for Paul Hale Bruske, born ... Paul Hale Bruske (May 5, 1912). "FLANDERS CARS ON MOTORDROME: Midget Motors to Vie for Honors on Pie-pan; Manager Plans to Send ... From 1917 to 1919, he was the advertising manager for Ray Harroun's Harroun Motors Corp. In a draft registration card completed ... "Bruske Back To Advertising". Motor Age, Volume 35. 1919. p. 14. "Obituary". The Washington Post. September 28, 1956. p. 26. ...
The electrical activity of the GI tract can be subdivided into two categories: electrical control activity (ECA) and electrical ... Perceptual and Motor Skills. 69 (1): 99-110. doi:10.2466/pms.1918.104.22.168. PMID 2780207. Vianna, E.P.M.; Tranel, D. (2006). " ... "Tom was fearful or depressed his gastic activity decreased but when he was angry or hostile his gastric activity increased". ... This abnormal myoelectrical activity is usually combined with other precursors to nausea and vomiting, such as increased ...
Intense Paranormal Experiences Occur during Days of Quiet, Global, Geomagnetic Activity". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 61: 320- ... Persinger, M. A. (1999). "On the nature of space-time in the observation of physical events in science". Perceptual and Motor ... For example, he claimed that the moderate strength correlation between geomagnetic activity at the time of a precognitive ... Measurement of the brain activity of "psychic" individuals such as Ingo Swann and Sean Harribance revealed unusual electrical ...
Posterior parietal cortex
"Functional Changes in Brain Activity During Acquisition and Practice of Movement Sequences". Motor Control. 8: 500-520. doi: ... In turn, much of the output of the posterior parietal cortex goes to areas of frontal motor cortex: the dorsolateral prefrontal ... Posterior parietal cortex appears to be involved in learning motor skills. In a PET study, researchers had subjects learn to ... In one study, single cell recordings showed activity in parietal reach region while non-human primates decided whether to reach ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Activities by Region: Africa". 75-Year History. Toyota Motor Corporation. Archived ... Toyota Motor Corporation. Archived from the original on 2019-07-21. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Japanese motor ... Toyota Motor Corporation. Archived from the original on 2017-11-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) 自動車ガイドブック 1968年~69年 ... Toyota Motor Corporation. Archived from the original on 2017-12-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "トヨタ バス、トラックなど" [ ...
Abdul Latif Jameel
"TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE , 75 Years of TOYOTA , Activities by Region , Middle East". www.toyota-global.com. ... "TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE , 75 Years of TOYOTA , Activities by Region , Africa". www.toyota-global.com. Retrieved ... "Abdul Latif Jameel Motors announces opening of services facilities in Hufof, Saudi Arabia". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2019-11-27 ... In April 2019, Abdul Latif Jameel Motors was awarded the Gold Award for Business Transformation, for its JSAP program in the ...
... motor abilities and cardiorespiratory capacities; physical activity including recreational activity as well as highly ...
Ford Fusion (Europe)
Jeff Bartlett, Rich Truesdell, Brandy A. Schaffels (31 October 2002). "Exclusive: 2002 Geneva Motor Show". Motor Trend.CS1 ... Ford marketed the Fusion as an 'Urban Activity Vehicle', its Fusion nameplate Fusion referring to its combination of small ... "Fusion, space and sympathy Ford launches the first "Urban Activity Vehicle"". La Nuova. 29 October 2002. "Ford Fusion (2002- ... "Ford unveils 'urban activity vehicle'". UPI. 5 March 2002. ...
1999 European Grand Prix
"Motor Racing Programme Covers: 1999". The Programme Covers Project. Retrieved 3 February 2018. "This week's testing activity". ... The 1999 European Grand Prix (formally the Warsteiner Grand Prix of Europe) was a Formula One motor race held on 26 September ...
stupor: no psycho-motor activity; not actively relating to environment catalepsy: passive induction of a posture held against ... For example, a patient with mania will show increased motor activity that may progress to excited catatonia. One way in which ... The psychotic phase progresses into the unresponsive phase characterized by mutism, decreased motor activity, and catatonia. -- ... Patients with mania present with increased goal-directed activity. On the other hand, the increased activity in catatonia is ...
BS Motoring. July 25, 2011. "New All-Aluminum 3-Cylinder Turbo Sets Refinement Benchmark". Media.opel.com. 2013-08-07. ... "HR12DDR Engine , NISSAN , TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES". Nissan-global.com. Retrieved 2014-06-20. "LAUNCHED! Chevrolet ... Logan (September 23, 2011). "New car: 2012 Daihatsu Mira e:S". Motor Mania. Retrieved 2012-07-03. Motivation comes from a 3- ...
List of American films of 2012
"Holy Motors". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2012-09-29. "Alex Cross". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2012-02-06. "Paranormal Activity 4 ...
List of Hyundai vehicles
"Sales Performance , IR Activities , IR , Company , Company - Hyundai Worldwide". hyundai motor company, hyundai worldwide, ir, ... List of Hyundai engines List of Hyundai transmissions List of Kia automobiles Hyundai Motor Company Genesis Motor "Press ... The South Korean automobile manufacturer Hyundai Motor Company has produced various cars, SUVs, trucks, and buses since its ... Releases , News Room , News - Hyundai Worldwide". HYUNDAI MOTORS. Retrieved 2019-04-08. " ...
Intelligence is present; motor activity but no symbols; knowledge is developing yet limited; knowledge is based on experiences ...
Models of working memory, relying on theories of network oscillations and persistent activity, have been built to capture some ... These are the bases for some quantitative modeling of large-scale brain activity. ...
Collective bargaining was first recognized in 1945, after the strike by the United Auto Workers at the General Motors' plant in ... It reports news and analysis about union activity or problems facing the labour movement. Another source of union news is the ... Industrial actions were not a part of their activities. After 1990 trade unions in the Baltic states have experienced rapid ... Larger unions also typically engage in lobbying activities and supporting endorsed candidates at the state and federal level. ...
For humans, eating is an activity of daily living. Some individuals may limit their amount of nutritional intake. This may be a ... Rats that have had the motor neurons in the brain stem disconnected from the neural circuits of the cerebral hemispheres ( ...
Highway 1 (Australia)
Isolated roadhouses serving the small amount of passing traffic are often the only signs of human activity for hundreds of ... While there have been previous attempts (notably Motor Magazine's 2004 record of 6 days, 8 hours and 52 minutes) which ...
Private motor transport was requisitioned. Cooperative stores selling goods like medicines, cloth, and kerosene were ... Nuon Chea had also stepped back from his political activities, leaving open Sâr's path to become party leader. ... Hun Sen's forces also carried out military activities, with UN peacekeepers proving ineffective in preventing the violence.[386 ...
... slice of the complex can continue to generate respiratory rhythmic activity and can be recorded from the hypoglossal motor ... they differ in their contribution when switching from eupneic to gasping activity. Eupneic activity requires the activation of ... Eupneic rhythmic activity relies on NMDA-dependent mechanisms. When under a low oxygenated state (hypoxia) the respiratory ... Eupneic activity is generated using the excitatory mechanism through the NMDA glutamate receptor. Sighs have a differential ...
... is the science of measuring the underlying organization of the brain's electrical activity. Certain brainwave ...
... "inevitable that a bureaucracy-no matter how decentralized its apparatus or how unplanned its activities-should push its victims ... National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK). *League of German Girls (BDM). *National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical ...
As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalize some aspects of technological ... The rise in technology has led to skyscrapers and broad urban areas whose inhabitants rely on motors to transport them and ... Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture. Additionally, technology is the application of math ... Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering, although technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. ...
Alcohol laws regulate the manufacture, packaging, labelling, distribution, sale, consumption, blood alcohol content of motor ... Some countries ban such activities entirely, but alcoholic drinks are legal in most parts of the world. The global alcoholic ...
Zullo, L.; Sumbre, G.; Agnisola, C.; Flash, T.; Hochner, B. (2009). "Nonsomatotopic organization of the higher motor centers in ... infiltration or cytotoxic activities to destroy or isolate the pathogens. The haemocytes play an important role in the ... the complex motor skills of octopuses are not organised in their brain via an internal somatotopic map of its body, instead ...
This has brought an increase in job creation, the growth a rapidly became the economic motor of the municipality, and has now ... Parallel to the growth of tourism has been the growth of all the related activities, especially in the construction industry, ... As well many cultural activities take place at the Parque Municipal de Fontes, north of Estombar, all year round, including ... tourism influencing the activities of the region. The fishing industry (in the communities of Ferragudo, Benagil, Carvoeiro and ...
Ohio State University
This follow-up effort was a collaboration between Ohio State engineering students and engineers from the Ford Motor Company and ... It was a center of student life for more than 50 years, providing facilities for student activities, organizations and events ... During this time, student activities were relocated to Ohio Stadium and other academic buildings. ... Highest Research Activity" and have its undergraduate admissions classified as "more selective". ...
People with Lyme arthritis should limit their level of physical activity to avoid damaging affected joints, and in case of ... permanent impairment of motor or sensory function of the lower limbs may occur. In European children, the most common ... The resistance of a genospecies of Lyme disease spirochetes to the bacteriolytic activities of the alternative complement ... It is thought that global warming may lead to an increase in tick activity in the future, as well as an increase in the amount ...
The activity of these nerves, or rather their fibers, may become excited or allayed by impingement, the result being a ... Most of these go to muscles and are therefore called motor impulses; some are secretory and enter glands; a portion are ... activities of daily living, changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress ...
Alfa-2 adrenergički receptor
"Alpha-adrenoceptor agonistic activity of oxymetazoline and xylometazoline". Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 24 (6): 729-39. PMID ... "Involvement of α1 and α2 adrenoceptors in the postlaparotomy intestinal motor disturbances in the rat". Gut 28 (8): 955-9. PMC ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
In the hypercognitive system, self-awareness and self-regulation, that is, the ability to regulate one's own cognitive activity ... and motor behavior. Each of these structures is supposed to involve a set of core processes and principles which serve to ... such as metabolic activity and cortical specialization and pruning) may occur mainly at the early phase of each cycle that are ... monitor planned activities vis-à-vis the goals; and (5) evaluate the outcome attained. These processes operate recursively in ...
In the United States a wheelchair that has been designed and tested for use as a seat in motor vehicles is often referred to as ... Some wheelchairs are designed for general everyday use, others for single activities, or to address specific access needs. ... Othersfocus on users living with severe motor disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, or with quadriplegia, and the role of the ... A floating rim design senses the pressure applied by the users push and activates the motors proportionately to provide a power ...
Another part of Dagupan's economy is the motor vehicle industry. Many automotive companies have a dealership ... with the trend in developing their properties in different locations which further boosts the city's construction activities ...
Royal Albert Hall
The Hall hosts hundreds of events and activities beyond its main auditorium. There are regular free art exhibitions in the ... motor shows, ballet, opera, film screenings and circus shows. It has hosted many sporting events, including boxing, squash, ...
Trauma to primary teeth occurs most commonly at the age of 2 to 3 years, during the development of motor coordination. When ... Regular use of a gum shield during sports and other high-risk activities (such as military training) is the most effective ... Primary dentition stage (2-3 years old, when children's motor function is developing and start learning how to walk/ run) ... Dental traumatic accidents depends on one's activity status and also the surrounding environment factor but these are the main ...
... together with observable involuntary motor activity" (emphasis in original). This syndrome is often a result of damage to ... The objection is that the time scales involved in motor control are very short, and motor control involves a great deal of ... and free will is a higher level activity that "cannot be captured in a description of neural activity or of muscle activation ... the supplementary motor complex on the medial surface of the frontal lobe appears to activate prior to primary motor cortex ...
As with all illegal drugs, operating a motor vehicle with detectable levels of Khat or its metabolites in one's system can also ... and that khat use was typically a social activity. Only a small minority of the study participants' khat use was judged to be ... In recent years, however, improved roads, off-road motor vehicles, and air transportation have increased the global ...
... , even at high doses of 600 mg, does not impair the ability to drive a motor vehicle. The tolerability of ... conformational analysis and antidepressant activity of moclobemide new analogues". Pharm Acta Helv. 72 (2): 119-22. doi:10.1016 ... attention functions nor is ability to drive a motor vehicle affected adversely.. ... "Comparative investigation of the effect of moclobemide and toloxatone on monoamine oxidase activity and psychometric ...
Hard disk drive failure
Bearing and motor failure: electric motors may fail or burn out, and bearings may wear enough to prevent proper operation. ... A cyclical repetitive pattern of seek activity such as rapid or slower seek-to-end noises (click of death) can be indicative of ... In this case, the spindle motor temporarily acts as a generator, providing power to the actuator. ... Excessive stiction can cause physical damage to the platter and slider or spindle motor. ...
Daniel Levitin, "Singing and instrumental activities might have helped our species to refine motor skills, paving the way for ... Music is useful in the recovery of motor skills. In a study on stroke patients in the recovery phase, music therapy was ... Each of these activities engaged the adults in different ways. The singing aided with memory, as these adults improved ... The improved developmental activity and behavioral status of premature infants when they are discharged from the NICU, is ...
... who wrote several pamphlets on industrial struggles and oversaw the group's Motor Bulletins on the car industry), Joe Jacobs ( ... but rather becomes identifiable with all sorts of activities - from squatting and setting up communes to simply "sharing" - ... communism as a particular activity and process..." ...
In observational motor learning, the process begins with a visual presentation of another individual performing a motor task, ... This does not mean that they have to observe the activities even though they are present. The children often make an active ... Mirror neuron networks provide a mechanism for visuo-motor and motor-visual transformation and interaction. Similar networks of ... Initiation/Motor: Observers must be physically and/intellectually capable of producing the act. In many cases the observer ...
Singapore American School
Middle school students participate in teacher-led after-school activities at no extra cost. These include activities such as ... They also have a separate Chinese class and a perceptual motor class in the Move and Groove Room. Once a week students have ... "Singapore American School: Activities and Athletics". Sas.edu.sg. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 ... "Middle School After School Athletics and Activities 2015-16" (PDF). Sas.edu.sg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December ...
Recent site activity - TIVERTON MOTOR CLUB
Recent site activity Jan 9, 2020, 4:27 AM Tiverton Motor Club deleted attachment Tiverton Club Report 04.06.17.pdf from Results ... Tiverton Motor Club edited Home. Mar 10, 2019, 1:29 PM Tiverton Motor Club attached 2019.03.10 TOLLAND TRIAL (2).pdf to Results ... Tiverton Motor Club edited News letter Jun 9, 2019, 2:27 PM Tiverton Motor Club attached 2019.06.09 Rifton Barton Revised.pdf ... Tiverton Motor Club attached 2020 membership info.pdf to News letter Nov 27, 2019, 8:50 AM Tiverton Motor Club deleted ...
Analyzing Ford Motor's Unusual Options Activity
Unusual Options Activity Insight: Ford Motor(C) 2021 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights ... Options are bearish when a call is sold at/near bid price or a put is bought at/near ask price.Although the activity is ... Volume refers to the total number of contracts traded over a given time period when discussing options market activity. The ... stock may be more meaningful than bullish options activity.Using These Strategies To Trade Options Unusual options activity is ...
Motor Activity Abnormality
Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint regulator of amphetamine induced motor activity
Rhes acts as a kind of brake on the amphetamine-induced locomotion; in order for normal motor activity to occur, the RasGRP1 ... Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint regulator of amphetamine induced motor activity. Published Monday 21 November 2016 ... In the study, the researchers succeeded in using RasGRP1 to inhibit Rhes-mediated control of striatal motor activity in animal ... "Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint regulator of amphetamine induced motor activity." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., ...
Activity - Geoff Jamieson Ford Motor Co - iSixSigma
Fine Motor Skills Activities Have Been Released On Kids Activities Blog
Fun fine motor skills activities for tots and easy preschool ... Toddlers like to flutter from activity to activity. ... Toddlers like to flutter from activity to activity. Fun fine motor skills activities for tots and easy preschool science ... Fine motor skills activities and easy preschool science experiments have been published on Kids Activities Blog. Let the kids ... Kids Activities Blog is a great tool for moms and teachers to find kid-friendly activities that create memories and sneak ...
Motor cortical activity during drawing movements: population representation during sinusoid tracing. - PubMed - NCBI
Motor cortical activity during drawing movements: population representation during sinusoid tracing.. Schwartz AB1. ... Activity of individual units in the precentral gyrus contralateral to the moving arm was recorded as the task was performed. ... In each bin, the activity of a particular cell was represented by a vector. The vector ("cell vector") pointed in the direction ...
Movement parameters and neural activity in motor cortex and area 5. - PubMed - NCBI
The relations of ongoing single-cell activity in the arm area of the motor cortex and area 5 to parameters of evolving arm ... Movement parameters and neural activity in motor cortex and area 5.. Ashe J1, Georgopoulos AP. ... A multiple linear regression model was used in which the ongoing impulse activity of cells at time t + tau was expressed as a ... The median R2 was 0.581 and 0.530 for motor cortex and area 5, respectively. The median shift at which the highest R2 was ...
What makes an effective gross motor activity for toddlers? | Reference.com
An effective gross motor activity for toddlers is one that requires them to make larger movements that develop the muscles in ... An effective gross motor activity for toddlers is one that requires them to make larger movements that develop the muscles in ... Gross motor activities should allow the toddler to exercise the large muscles in his legs, arms and entire body to further ... Pushing and pulling is a good motor activity for toddlers. This can be practiced by providing the toddler with a wagon or a toy ...
Cluster analysis of activity-time series in motor learning
... Daniela Balslev, Finn rup Nielsen, Sally A. Frutiger, John J. ... Neuroimaging studies of learning focus on brain areas where the activity changes as a function of time. To circumvent the ... The results from cluster analysis show practice-related activity in a fronto-parieto-cerebellar network, in agreement with ... previous studies of motor learning. These voxels were separated from a group of voxels showing an unspecific time-effect and ...
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy With Conduction Blocks Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Diet, Activity
Clinically, it may resemble amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with predominant lower motor neuron involvement, but muscle at ... Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) with conduction block is an acquired immune-mediated demyelinating neuropathy with slowly ... Activity. The level of activity depends on the extent of patient symptoms and disability. ... Miyashiro A, Matsui N, Shimatani Y, Nodera H, Japanese Multifocal Motor Neuropathy Study Group. Are multifocal motor neuropathy ...
Dynamic Modulation of Human Motor Activity When Observing Actions | Journal of Neuroscience
Dynamic Modulation of Human Motor Activity When Observing Actions. Clare Press, Jennifer Cook, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, James ... Dynamic Modulation of Human Motor Activity When Observing Actions. Clare Press, Jennifer Cook, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, James ... The finding that activity in the motor system is modulated dynamically when observing actions can explain why studies of action ... Dynamic Modulation of Human Motor Activity When Observing Actions Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
The effect of musculoskeletal pain on motor activity and control
However, some changes in motor function that occur in the presence of pain are less apparent. Clinical and basic science ... The effect of musculoskeletal pain on motor activity and control J Pain. 2001 Jun;2(3):135-45. doi: 10.1054/jpai.2001.19951. ... However, some changes in motor function that occur in the presence of pain are less apparent. Clinical and basic science ... This review shows current knowledge of the effect of musculoskeletal pain on the motor system and presents the various proposed ...
Unilateral Activities -- Laterality, locomotor skills, motor planning
Develop laterality, locomotor skills, and motor planning This is an excerpt from Perceptual-Motor Activities for Children: An ... Learn more about Perceptual-Motor Activities for Children: An Evidence-Based Guide to Building Physical and Cognitive Skills. ... Develop skills through fun bilateral activities * Helping children develop to their full potential through perceptual-motor ... Develop skills through fun bilateral activities * Helping children develop to their full potential through perceptual-motor ...
industrial activity | Tata Motors Limited
industrial activity. Visit the page and find the latest article on Indian commercial vehicle market and how Tata Motors ... Tata Motors Gearing up for the Next Level of Fleet Telematics. In March 2015, Tata Motors became the first OEM to adopt ... APAC Tata Motors first ventured into other Asia Pacific markets with its foray into Sri Lanka in 1961. In addition, Tata Motors ... Tata Motors has always led the Indian auto motor industry in terms of producing vehicles of exemplary design, integratin .. ...
Sodium Pumps Mediate Activity-Dependent Changes in Mammalian Motor Networks | Journal of Neuroscience
Sodium Pumps Mediate Activity-Dependent Changes in Mammalian Motor Networks. Laurence D. Picton, Filipe Nascimento, Matthew J. ... Sodium Pumps Mediate Activity-Dependent Changes in Mammalian Motor Networks. Laurence D. Picton, Filipe Nascimento, Matthew J. ... Sodium Pumps Mediate Activity-Dependent Changes in Mammalian Motor Networks Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to ... Sodium Pumps Mediate Activity-Dependent Changes in Mammalian Motor Networks. Laurence D. Picton, Filipe Nascimento, Matthew J. ...
Fine Motor Skills for Toddlers and Preschoolers: Tips and Activities
Fine motor skills are essential to living and learning. Find out what they are and when they develop as well as what to do if ... Fine motor skills activities. Incorporating fun activities into your childs daily routine can help improve their fine motor ... Fine motor skills are essential to living and learning. If your child has difficulty with day-to-day activities or you feel ... Examples of fine motor skills. Babies and toddlers develop fine and gross motor skills at their own pace. Some children develop ...
Antennal motor activity induced by pilocarpine in the American cockroach | SpringerLink
The antennal motor system is activated by the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine in the American cockroach Periplaneta americana, ... Rhythmic bursting activities of the antennal motor nerves in in vitro preparations were also elicited by bath application of ... Cross-correlation analyses of the bursting spike activities revealed significant couplings among certain motor units, implying ... The pilocarpine-induced rhythmic activity of antennal motor nerves was effectively suppressed by the muscarinic antagonist ...
Physical activity and obesity mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents' academic achievement |...
2009) Childhood motor skill proficiency as a predictor of adolescent physical activity. J Adolesc Health 44(3):252-259. ... Adequate motor function is also a prerequisite for performing physical activity (14), and has been linked to cardiorespiratory ... Compromised motor function had a negative indirect effect on academic achievement via lower levels of physical activity (B = - ... Physical activity and obesity mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents academic achievement. ...
The Origin of Word-related Motor Activity
... eliminated the action-nonaction verb distinction in motor activity, as indexed by motor-evoked potentials induced in peripheral ... with higher activity for action than nonaction verbs. The early timing of this effect has suggested that motor features of ... did not affect the action-nonaction verb distinction in motor activity, but the verb contrast did not differ reliably from the ... "The Origin of Word-Related Motor Activity." Cerebral Cortex 25 (6): 1668-75. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bht423. ...
Frontiers | TRPA1 Channel Activation Inhibits Motor Activity in the Mouse Colon | Neuroscience
Bath application of the TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 had no effect upon basal CPMC activity whereas application of the synthetic ... Bath application of the TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 had no effect upon basal CPMC activity whereas application of the synthetic ... that any potential mechanosensory function of TRPA1 doesnt involve contributing to distension induced colonic motor activity ... that any potential mechanosensory function of TRPA1 doesnt involve contributing to distension induced colonic motor activity ...
British Library EThOS: Mirror activity in the macaque motor system
Overall, the results reveal distinctions in the profile of mirror activity across premotor and motor areas. While F5 maintains ... Time-varying population activity was more distinct between execution and observation in M1 than in F5, and M1 activity in the ... modulate their activity during both the execution and observation of motor acts. However, movement is not produced in the ... Relatively reduced activity in M1 during observation may help to suppress movement. Here, we examined the extent to which ...
Activity : motoring
motoring completed the lessons Welcome! and Tools and Supplies in the class Raspberry Pi Class1 year ago ... motoring favorited How to Make a Spot Welder - for Cheap!! by The King of Random4 years ago ... motoring completed the lesson Tools and Materials for Arduino in the class Arduino Class11 months ago ... motoring favorited Digital Manufacturing - project two desk name plate, Digital Manufacturing - project three 3D printed box ...
Activities to Enhance Your Child's Fine Motor Skills: 12-18 Months | Parents
Here are more activities that are fun but at the same time encouraging physical development. ... Assemble puzzles with your child to boost her fine motor skills, Jamie Loehr, M.D. and Jen Meyers, authors of Raising Your ... Assemble puzzles with your child to boost her fine motor skills, Jamie Loehr, M.D. and Jen Meyers, authors of "Raising Your ... Here are more activities that are fun but at the same time encouraging physical development. ...
Pontine reticular formation neurons: relationship of discharge to motor activity | Science
We conclude that activity in pontine reticular formation neurons is more closely related to motor output than to sensory input. ... Pontine reticular formation neurons: relationship of discharge to motor activity Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a ... and auditory stimuli showed undiminished discharge rates during motor activity. Discrete sensory stimuli evoked sustained unit ... most unit activity could not be explained by the presence of sensory stimuli. Intense firing occurred in association with ...
Otto Motor's latest activity | Headphone Reviews and Discussion - Head-Fi.org
Otto Motor reviewed the item Moondrop SSR Super Starship Reference Review. 4.00 star(s) Moondrop SSR "Super Spaceship Reference ... Otto Motor replied to the thread The discovery thread!. The Starfield are good. Here some info on the KBEAR KS2 and Tin Hifi T2 ... Otto Motor replied to the thread The discovery thread!. Easy: the SSR was taken off the shelves because of cable problems and ... Otto Motor replied to the thread The discovery thread!. What I like about the Tin Hifi T2 Plus: tonal accuracy tonal accuracy ...
Option Activity Alert: Ford Motor, Monster Worldwide, Bank of New York
HomeBusinessOption Activity Alert: Ford Motor, Monster Worldwide, Bank of New York. Option Activity Alert: Ford Motor, Monster ... F - Ford Motor Co. - One big bullish options player appears to be positioning for Fords shares to touch a new 52-week high by ... Option Activity Alert: Tyson Foods, Goldcorp, CVS Caremark October 8, 2010 Andrew Wilkinson ... Ford Motor Co. earlier reported that sales in the main 19 European markets declined 16% last month, which represents the firms ...
Twister / Gross Motor Activity by All Around Teaching | TpT
This activity may also be used as a stand alone gross motor game. Includes 18 pre-made cards, each giving a different direction ... This activity may also be used as a stand alone gross motor game. Includes 18 pre-made cards, each giving a different direction ... This is a gross motor activity that coincides with the Twister game mat (not included but sold at most stores in game ... This is a gross motor activity that coincides with the Twister game mat (not included but sold at most stores in game ...
430 Fine Motor ideas | fine motor, fine motor activities, motor activities
See more ideas about fine motor, fine motor activities, motor activities. ... Elderly ActivitiesMotor Skills ActivitiesActivities For AdultsFine Motor SkillsSenior ActivitiesOt Activities For Geriatrics ... Fine Motor Activities For KidsMotor Skills ActivitiesGross Motor SkillsPreschool ActivitiesPreschool WritingHomeschool ... Motor Skills ActivitiesPreschool Learning ActivitiesGross Motor SkillsHands On ActivitiesPreschool ClassroomNumbers Preschool ...
NeuronsPreschoolersPracticePrimary motorCortexCortical activityPreschoolOscillatory activitySkillsNeural activitySensory motor activitiesMovementsMusclesBehaviorPhrenic NerveGraspMovement2019NeuronalChildrenModulationCognitiveCoordinationRatsLocomotor activityDopamineDecreasesBasalMusculoskeletalMethodsAbilities1992NeurobiologicalEnergy expenditureCerebralFingersDevelopInvolveBullish optionsFavorite gross motorStimulationSignificantlyTray activityKidsFunctionSkillOccurChildhoodFMRIPremotorBilateralHyperactivityGross motor gamePhysical EducationResults
- Whereas there is no doubt that motor areas are active during action observation, there is uncertainty as to whether these activations are either in part or entirely due to mirror neurons. (jneurosci.org)
- Allgäuer C, Honegger H-W (1993) The antennal motor system of crickets: modulation of muscle contractions by a common inhibitor, DUM neurons, and proctolin. (springer.com)
- Thanks to the monitoring of the spike activity from multiple neurons, neural replay has been observed in non-human animals (see, e.g. (frontiersin.org)
- Mirror neurons (MirNs) within ventral premotor cortex (PMv) and primary motor cortex (M1), including pyramidal tract neurons (PTNs) projecting to the spinal cord, modulate their activity during both the execution and observation of motor acts. (bl.uk)
- We conclude that activity in pontine reticular formation neurons is more closely related to motor output than to sensory input. (sciencemag.org)
- The presence of the ORL-1 receptor on mesoaccumbal and nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons raises the possibility that an action along these pathways may be one means by which OFQ/N produces motor suppression. (rti.org)
- Thus, the present study used local administration of OFQ/N into the ventral tegmental area (VTA), the substantia nigra, the nucleus accumbens and the striatum to determine the contribution of cell-body regions and terminal fields of the dopaminergic neurons to the motor-suppressant effect of OFQ/N. Methods: Rats were implanted bilaterally with guide cannulae into one of the brain regions and tested 4 days later. (rti.org)
- Indeed, stimulating ST36 enhanced NMDAR-mediated, but not 2-amino-3-(5-methyl-3-oxo-1,2-oxazol-4-yl)propanoic-acid-(AMPA-) receptor-(AMPAR-) mediated synaptic transmission in gastric-projecting neurons of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV). (hindawi.com)
- Is the Subject Area "Motor neurons" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
- Focusing on kids activities perfect for toddlers and preschoolers. (handsonaswegrow.com)
- I'm looking for websites with printable mazes, scissor practice sheets, and tracing activities that are fun and appropriate for preschoolers. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- Parents always hear about the importance of fine motor skills for their toddlers and preschoolers. (momitforward.com)
- Preschoolers are developing their fine motor skills . (pre-kpages.com)
- To practice our fine and gross motor skills, he loves to try to pop bubble wrap. (sensory-processing-disorder.com)
- The results from cluster analysis show practice-related activity in a fronto-parieto-cerebellar network, in agreement with previous studies of motor learning. (dtu.dk)
- The ability to learn and practice fine motor skills at an early age can benefit them academically, socially, and personally. (healthline.com)
- Fine motor skills take practice. (pinterest.com)
- Children need to experience frequent practice with fine motor activities to refine the movements in the fingers and hands before ever picking up a pencil. (pinterest.com)
- If you need to sneak in some bimanual and fine motor skills practice with academic material, the Slide Bag Quiz is perfect! (pinterest.com)
- This super simple spring activity packs some wonderful skill practice for both hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- Fine motor skills involve small movements of the fingers, wrists, hands, feet, toes, tongue, and lips.Whether your preschool-age child is developing typically or has fine motor delays, it's great to practice a variety of fine motor skills. (momitforward.com)
- This is an activity to help toddlers and pre-schoolers practice and strengthen their fine motor skills. (toobeez.com)
- Fastening buttons, pulling at Velcro and doing up zips will all help to develop fine motor skills with regular practice. (kumon.co.uk)
- If you only want to practice visual discrimination and fine motor skills, play it as a matching game. (yourtherapysource.com)
- Temporary gains in performance during practice or in response to some perturbation are often termed motor adaptation, a transient form of learning. (wikipedia.org)
- At the behavioral level, research focuses on the design and effect of the main components driving motor learning, i.e. the structure of practice and the feedback. (wikipedia.org)
- Although varied practice may lead to poor performance throughout the acquisition phase, it is important for the development of the schemata, which is responsible for the assembly and improved retention and transfer of motor learning. (wikipedia.org)
- effects originating in sensorimotor cortex, specifically primary motor cortex ( Murthy and Fetz, 1992 ). (jneurosci.org)
- In a second experiment, rTMS perturbation of lpMTG, relative to no stimulation (no-rTMS), eliminated the action-nonaction verb distinction in motor activity, as indexed by motor-evoked potentials induced in peripheral muscles with single-pulse TMS over the left primary motor cortex. (harvard.edu)
- Increased oscillatory power in the primary motor cortex (M1) is reduced by dopamine replacement therapy and by targeted stimulation, suggesting that M1 plays an important role in the pathology of PD. (bl.uk)
- Movement parameters and neural activity in motor cortex and area 5. (nih.gov)
- The relations of ongoing single-cell activity in the arm area of the motor cortex and area 5 to parameters of evolving arm movements in two-dimensional (2D) space were investigated. (nih.gov)
- Analysis was done on 290 cells in the motor cortex and 207 cells in area 5. (nih.gov)
- The median R2 was 0.581 and 0.530 for motor cortex and area 5, respectively. (nih.gov)
- The median shift at which the highest R2 was observed was -90 and +30 msec for motor cortex and area 5, respectively. (nih.gov)
- The left precentral motor cortex also responds to verbs, with higher activity for action than nonaction verbs. (harvard.edu)
- While F5 maintains a more abstract representation of grasp independent of the acting agent, a balance of excitation and inhibition in motor cortex and spinal circuitry during action observation may support a flexible dissociation between initiation of grasping actions and representation of observed grasp. (bl.uk)
- The main goal of this study is to highlight the occurrence of movement attempt patterns, mainly changes in oscillations called event-related desynchronization (ERD) and event-related synchronization (ERS), in the EEG signal over the motor cortex, in healthy subjects, without and under propofol sedation, during four different motor tasks. (inria.fr)
- In Parkinson's disease (PD), profound alterations in neuronal activity occur in BG nuclei and cortex. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- These changes would severely impair Mthal contributions to motor program development in motor cortex and are likely to be an important factor underlying the movement deficits of PD. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Motor cortical activity during drawing movements: population representation during sinusoid tracing. (nih.gov)
- Using magnetoencephalography, we recorded the cortical activity of human participants while they observed actions performed by another person. (jneurosci.org)
- In this study, we use functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate the changes in cortical activity that accompany improved motor and cognitive performance after long-term external lumbar drainage (ELD) of CSF in patients with INPH. (diva-portal.org)
- Fine motor skills activities and easy preschool science experiments have been published on Kids Activities Blog. (prweb.com)
- When I was teaching Preschool and Kindergarten, I saw many kids who had weak fine motor skills. (pinterest.com)
- My favorite fine motor tools and toys for preschool and kindergarten might come in handy as you prepare students to write. (pinterest.com)
- preschool activities, preschool crafts, and preschool books. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- This will be taken into my preschool class to help my 2.5 and 3-year-old students develop their hand-eye coordination as well as fine motors skills. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- If you like this circle time activity, you will love the ideas and circle time lessons I share in Little School my ebook of preschool activities. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- the aim of this study is to evaluate the results of a pilot intervention consisting in three 15-minute breaks conducted by educators and supervised by physical education teachers on motor skills and nutritional status in preschool children. (isciii.es)
- in conclusion, this pilot study found that an intervention with more intense activities in small breaks (15 minutes), and guided by the educators could improve essential motor skills (running and jumping) in preschool children of a semi-rural sector independent of nutritional status. (isciii.es)
- This gaining in motor skills is the first step to increase physical activity levels in preschool children. (isciii.es)
- We plan to characterize and quantify the oscillatory activity present in motor circuits of treatment-resistant movement disorder patients during rewarded visually guided movements. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- In this study we have investigated, using pharmacology, the mechanisms by which oscillatory activity in rat M1 is generated and determined the power changes associated with DA depletion and DA receptor modulation. (bl.uk)
- Using the 6-OHDA model, the oscillatory activity of M1 in vivo was investigated. (bl.uk)
- Using depth electrode and EEG recordings, oscillatory activity in the 2-10 Hz range was found in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres of both lesioned and sham animals. (bl.uk)
- However, administration of zolpidem (0.3 mg/kg), which previously reduced abnormal beta oscillatory activity in vivo and in vitro resulting in the rebalancing of interhemispheric beta power (Hall et al. (bl.uk)
- This is an excerpt from Perceptual-Motor Activities for Children: An Evidence-Based Guide to Building Physical and Cognitive Skills by Jill A. Johnstone and Molly Ramon. (humankinetics.com)
- Learn more about Perceptual-Motor Activities for Children: An Evidence-Based Guide to Building Physical and Cognitive Skills . (humankinetics.com)
- Early childhood development includes acquiring fine and gross motor skills. (healthline.com)
- Fine motor skills involve movement of the smaller muscle groups in your child's hands, fingers, and wrists. (healthline.com)
- Gross motor skills involve movement of the larger muscle groups, like the arms and legs. (healthline.com)
- Both types of motor skills enable children to become more independent. (healthline.com)
- Fine motor skills are especially crucial, however, because the ability to use the smaller muscles in the hands allows children to perform self-care tasks without assistance. (healthline.com)
- Babies and toddlers develop fine and gross motor skills at their own pace. (healthline.com)
- Fine motor skills develop naturally as your child gains the ability to control and coordinate their body . (healthline.com)
- Keep in mind that some children might develop fine motor skills earlier and have better coordination than others. (healthline.com)
- In a few weeks or months, they may build enough muscle strength in their hands to acquire new fine motor skills. (healthline.com)
- Incorporating fun activities into your child's daily routine can help improve their fine motor skills. (healthline.com)
- Although fine motor skills develop at different rates, see your child's pediatrician if they struggle with these skills or gross motor skills. (healthline.com)
- Jamie Loehr and Jen Meyers, authors of "Raising Your Child" recommend these fun activities that will teach your toddler large motor skills while keeping him active and playful. (parents.com)
- Assemble puzzles with your child to boost her fine motor skills, Jamie Loehr, M.D. and Jen Meyers, authors of "Raising Your Child" say. (parents.com)
- Work on fine motor skills, color recognition, and more! (pinterest.com)
- The following clothespin activities will help your child strengthen the fingers, which will likely improve fine motor skills and help with handwriting and other manipulative tasks. (pinterest.com)
- Vary the activity to work on matching colors, improving math skills, and spelling. (pinterest.com)
- It's no secret that fine motor skills play an important role in a child's development and success at school. (pinterest.com)
- Many parents wanted to work on fine motor skills at home too and they often asked me for ideas. (pinterest.com)
- Pen Grip Force Fine Motor Skills and Handwriting in Children The Australian Occupational Therapy Journal published research examining pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of 181 school-age children (5-12 years old) and investigate the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. (pinterest.com)
- Each child's fine motor skills were also evaluated. (pinterest.com)
- Holding small objects is a benefit of good fine motor skills, and to work on developing and perfecting those fine motor skills, you can use small objects as a tool. (pinterest.com)
- I am always working on interesting and fun ways to work on fine motor skills, and love using clothespins to work on the skills. (pinterest.com)
- Fine motor skills are so important for children of all ages. (childhood101.com)
- When we refer to fine motor skills we are talking about the small muscles in the hands and the fingers that are essential for drawing, writing, tying shoe laces, feeding, and many more every day tasks. (childhood101.com)
- In the early years, it is vital that children have lots of opportunities to develop fine motor skills and in this month's planner you will find 25 fun ideas for strengthening and refining these same muscles with children of all ages (download & printing instructions below). (childhood101.com)
- New research combining postmortem examination of brain tissue with testing during life has revealed what researchers believe to be an as-yet unexplained connection: higher levels of physical activity (PA) and motor skills seem to create a "cognitive reserve" that buoys cognitive performance during life, even in the presence of Alzheimer's disease (AD), Lewy body disease, and other brain pathologies associated with dementia. (apta.org)
- Researchers then compared the presence of these pathologies with PA, motor skills, and cognitive testing scores obtained during the participants' last MAP visit-typically about 2 years before death. (apta.org)
- Researchers weren't particularly surprised that participants who recorded higher levels of PA and motor skills during their last assessment also tended to score higher on cognitive tests than did those with lower PA and motor skills. (apta.org)
- Authors believe that, together, these concepts point to the possibility that the cognitive reserve associated with PA and better motor skills are related to "molecular mechanisms…that remain to be identified. (apta.org)
- Check out these fun, interesting fine motor skills activities that will help boost your child's fine motor skills and keep him happily engaged for countless hours. (jumpstart.com)
- What are Fine Motor Skills? (jumpstart.com)
- Fine motor skills require the use of small muscles, usually in coordination with the eyes. (jumpstart.com)
- Well-developed fine motor skills are crucial because we use them to perform important functions such as writing, using a computer and tying shoelaces or buttoning up clothing. (jumpstart.com)
- To examine the impact of selected socioeconomic factors as well as media consumption, on sports activities and the motor skills of 10- to 14-year-old secondary school students. (springer.com)
- According to bivariate correlations, heavy media use, a high BMI as well as migration status correlate negatively with both sports activities and motor skills. (springer.com)
- When we perform activities that require the use of the small muscles in our hands, fingers, or wrists, we're using our fine motor skills. (seniorhelpers.com)
- Routine activities such as buttoning a shirt, writing, cutting, and using a fork all involve fine motor skills. (seniorhelpers.com)
- Unfortunately, it's not unusual for seniors to experience a decline in their fine motor skills. (seniorhelpers.com)
- Our home caregivers can engage clients in fun activities to strengthen fine motor skills. (seniorhelpers.com)
- As children find and fit the flowers into the holes they are using their hand-eye coordination skills and as they pinch the stem and press them into the floral foam under the colander they are giving their fine motor skills a workout. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- Small Foot Wooden Toys XL Activity Center 7 In 1 Iconic Motor Skills 'Move It! (target.com)
- And another great thing: this motor skills cube also looks great as a small table or a stool! (target.com)
- The muscles required to perform gross motor skills are generally found in the arms, legs, back, abdomen, and torso. (medhelp.org)
- Fine motor skills involve the refined use of the small muscles of our hands. (adaptivemall.com)
- By the time a child is two or three years old, they are well on their way to exploring the world through well-coordinated manipulation of objects and toys and they are rapidly developing the skills needed for future skills such as using pencils, scissors, construction materials for building such as blocks and Legos, and performing activities of daily living such as buttoning and zippering and opening a lunch box. (adaptivemall.com)
- The therapists on staff at Adaptivemall.com have hand-selected a group of quality educational toys to provide a variety of therapeutic benefits to assist in the maturation of fine motor skills. (adaptivemall.com)
- Whether the goal is to improve play skills or to gain independence in self care such as dressing and eating, you will find the materials for engaging, skill building activities here. (adaptivemall.com)
- But if you would like further creative inspiration on keeping kids engaged in activities that will effectively build their strength, coordination and interest in necessary pre-academic and self-help skills, we are here to help . (adaptivemall.com)
- Here are 3 fun ways to work on fine motor skills that allow for exploration as well as fine tuning. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- My son has aspergers and has issues with fine motor skills thanks for the ideas! (notimeforflashcards.com)
- Bonus: it builds fine motor skills! (pinterest.com)
- A few weeks ago we posted a list of activities that help children develop fine motor skills . (mamanista.com)
- As a follow-up to that, today we have a list of gross motor skills activities for toddlers that can be done at home. (mamanista.com)
- Gross motor skills are important to enable children to perform everyday functions, such as walking, running, and skipping, as well as climbing, jumping, and catching, throwing and hitting a ball with a bat. (mamanista.com)
- Tic - Tac - Toss - This is a simple gross motor skills activity that only requires two items: painters tape or masking tape, and bean bags. (mamanista.com)
- Bowling with Cups - The set up for this gross motor skills game couldn't be easier! (mamanista.com)
- Indoor Obstacle Course - Create an indoor obstacle course with painters tape or other objects, and let your kids get their energy out while working on their gross motor skills! (mamanista.com)
- Gross Motor Beach Ball Game - This fun game helps strengthen those gross motor skills like running, walking, skipping, climbing, throwing - all of those whole body movements. (mamanista.com)
- Do you have any other favorite gross motor skills activities? (mamanista.com)
- Remember to build the kids' gross motor skills before working with fine motor activities ! (handsonaswegrow.com)
- Any kind of manipulatives will help develop small motor skills. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- It isn't that they have low motor skills it is that they are 3. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- True and they truly don't need small motor skills for writing for another 2 years. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- Recently our Facebook video reviewed some activities using clothespins that help develop fine motor skills. (pre-kpages.com)
- Not only are apples tasty, but apple picking involves many sensory experiences for children including gross motor, fine motor, oral motor, and visual perceptual skills. (yourtherapysource.com)
- This NO PREP Apple Sensory Motor packet is sure to entertain the children while practicing different fine motor, gross motor, and visual perceptual skills. (yourtherapysource.com)
- Set up a finger gym for your children with this pipette activity and help them develop their fine motor skills while they play. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Join NurtureStore's Fine Motor Skills Service and I'll send you a new idea for your finger gym every week. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Gross motor skills refer to the big movements we make with our bodies, using our arms and legs. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Fine motor skills refer to the movements we make using the small muscles in our hands, wrists, fingers, and toes. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Children need to develop their fine motor skills so they can fasten buttons and tie shoelaces. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Crucially, fine motor skills are also needed to hold a pen and write well, and many difficulties later on with writing can be tracked back to poor fine motor skills. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- By supporting our children to develop fine motor skills through play in early childhood, we're helping build vital skills they'll need for the rest of their lives. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- In this activity children can explore how pipettes work and develop their fine motor skills as they squeeeeeze! (nurturestore.co.uk)
- And each squeeze helps them build their fine motor skills. (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Children with autism and other special needs children sometimes have difficulty interpreting sensory information which can make common, everyday fine motor skills activities more challenging. (therapyshoppe.com)
- Our fine motor sensory and special needs toys help develop crucial small motor skills, stimulate important senses, and promote sensory integration. (therapyshoppe.com)
- Therapy Shoppe offers a phenomenal selection of hand-picked special needs toys, fine motor sensory toys for children with autism, and other popular sensory products that make it fun to learn and build sensory-motor skills! (therapyshoppe.com)
- Developing fine motor skills is critical for children's development and these skills are a pre-cursor to writing. (kumon.co.uk)
- It is vital children develop these skills to help them with school and other everyday living activities. (kumon.co.uk)
- There are a number of games that are ideal for developing fine motor skills and these include creating jigsaw puzzles, putting shapes into an appropriate slot and clay modelling. (kumon.co.uk)
- Visual motor skills, otherwise known as visual motor integration is the ability to interpret visual information and respond with a motor action. (yourtherapysource.com)
- Both visual discrimination and visual motor skills are especially important when learning to read, to write, to do math, to participate in sports, to knit, to cook… the list can go on and on! (yourtherapysource.com)
- The Spring Sensory Motor Bundle is a HUGE collection of SPRING activities to encourage fine motor, gross motor, handwriting, and visual perceptual skills. (yourtherapysource.com)
- This is a successful manual of tried and tested activities to develop gross and fine motor skills in children. (alibris.com)
- This book focuses on motor and social skills development for young children with autism spectrum disorder and is geared toward special education teachers, general education teachers, and related personnel. (rowman.com)
- Includes a multitude of fundamental and sequentially developmental physical/motor activities to get kids moving, promote health and well being, encourage social skills, and provides a foundation for success in attaining more advanced skills. (rowman.com)
- This busy activity happens to be great for fine motor skills , too. (handsonaswegrow.com)
- What a simple and terrific task to help build concentration, hand strength, and fine motor skills. (handsonaswegrow.com)
- I'd love to link this to my newest blog post about developing fine motor skills for http://www.the-playground-chronicles.com , if thats ok? (handsonaswegrow.com)
- Motor learning enables animals to gain new skills, and improves the smoothness and accuracy of movements, in some cases by calibrating simple movements like reflexes. (wikipedia.org)
- These data provide electrophysiological support for the reoccurrence in NREM sleep of the neural activity related to previous waking experience, i.e. that a basic tenet of the reactivation theory does occur in human sleep. (frontiersin.org)
- Reduced reach-related modulation of motor thalamus neural activity in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. (sigmaaldrich.com)
Sensory motor activities2
- An effective gross motor activity for toddlers is one that requires them to make larger movements that develop the muscles in their arms, legs, feet or entire body. (reference.com)
- We first extracted the gamma-band (60-140 Hz) patterns underlying finger movements during a tapping task and underlying no-movement during a short rest period just prior to the task, and trained a binary classifier to discriminate between motor movements vs. rest. (frontiersin.org)
- Fine motor movements include the coordinated movements of muscles in the hands and fingers. (pre-kpages.com)
- Motor learning refers broadly to changes in an organism's movements that reflect changes in the structure and function of the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
- Neuroscience research on motor learning is concerned with which parts of the brain and spinal cord represent movements and motor programs and how the nervous system processes feedback to change the connectivity and synaptic strengths. (wikipedia.org)
- Gross motor activities should allow the toddler to exercise the large muscles in his legs, arms and entire body to further develop strength, but also to hone muscle control. (reference.com)
- These activities are a follow-up to the strength the toddler gained in these muscles as a baby by lifting his head, rolling over and sitting up. (reference.com)
- Background Sensori-motor insoles are supposed to influence muscle activity of the ankle stabilizing muscles during stance phase of human gait by imposing pressure upon tendon structures. (bmj.com)
- As the ankle joint is sensitive to disturbances (supination) during mid stance an increased activity of pronator muscles might help to stabilize the foot and possibly help to prevent ankle sprains. (bmj.com)
- Media use is an important determinant of juvenile sports activity and motor performance, being part of a complex juvenile leisure behavior. (springer.com)
- For this reason, a detailed study of the motor activity behavior with a step-wise increasing dose of propofol is required and would provide a proof of concept for such an innovative BCI. (inria.fr)
- Instead, it is modulated autonomously by sympathetic activity which drives human behavior, cognitive and emotional states on a subconscious level. (wikipedia.org)
- Recurrent laryngeal and phrenic nerve activities were depressed, as was respiratory rate, after application of DOI. (aspetjournals.org)
- Here, we examined the extent to which activity at different stages of action observation reflects grasp representation and suppression of movement across multiple levels of the mirror system in monkeys and humans. (bl.uk)
- Models of memory consolidation posit a central role for reactivation of brain activity patterns during sleep, especially in non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep. (frontiersin.org)
- However, movement is not produced in the latter condition, and mirror responses cannot be explained by lowlevel muscle activity. (bl.uk)
- Relatively reduced activity in M1 during observation may help to suppress movement. (bl.uk)
- Time-varying population activity was more distinct between execution and observation in M1 than in F5, and M1 activity in the lead-up to the observation of movement onset shared parallels with movement withholding activity. (bl.uk)
- In agreement with previous investigations using immobilized preparations, we found that these cells had high rates of activity in rapid eye movement sleep, and responded in waking to somatic, auditory, and vestibular stimuli at short latencies, many having polysensory responses and exhibiting rapid "habituation. (sciencemag.org)
- In this exploratory study, 30 healthy volunteers will perform 50 trials for the four motor tasks (real movement, motor imagery, motor imagery with median nerve stimulation, and median nerve stimulation alone) in a randomized sequence. (inria.fr)
- According to one of the best Neurobiologists in the country John Martin Ph.D and expert in the motor system explains how The motor systems of the brain and spinal cord control every movement we make, from the simplest to the most complex. (medhelp.org)
- Motor thalamus (Mthal) is a key node in the corticobasal ganglia (BG) loop that controls complex, cognitive aspects of movement. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- These data confirm that nigrostriatal dopamine depletion is accompanied by profound and specific deficits in movement-related Mthal activity. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Dinosaur Roll and Move Gross Motor Activity - Toddlers love dinosaurs, and this fun activity promotes taking turns, movement, and developing attention spans all at the same time. (mamanista.com)
- This free acrostic apple poem is an excellent brain break in the classroom or a movement literacy activity. (yourtherapysource.com)
- I always find that physical activity and movement are beneficial for students to increase engagement and ability to focus on an activity. (rowman.com)
- This book helps identify and support why exercise and movement is so important and I appreciated reading the variety of options for how to integrate activities during the school day. (rowman.com)
- I think it would be tremendous for educators to read this and understand the value and benefits better of gross motor movement and physical activity for these kids. (rowman.com)
- Motor learning research often considers variables that contribute to motor program formation (i.e., underlying skilled motor behaviour), sensitivity of error-detection processes, and strength of movement schemas (see motor program). (wikipedia.org)
- At the 2019 World Games, 37 Motor Activity Training Program (MATP) athletes showed the world that people of all levels of ability can participate and benefit from athletic programs. (specialolympics.org)
- Both increases and decreases in muscle activity have been shown, along with alterations in neuronal control mechanisms, proprioception, and local muscle morphology. (nih.gov)
- The task will be repeated during DBS surgery, with collection of information on electrical activity including single neuronal unit and local field potentials. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Neuronal activity will be studied in a decision-making task guided by reward. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Kids Activities Blog is a website created by two moms (who collectively have nine children), Rachel Miller and Holly Homer from June Cleaver Nirvana. (prweb.com)
- The study sample included 8,061 children from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986, which contains data about parent-reported motor function at age 8 y and self-reported physical activity, predicted cardiorespiratory fitness (cycle ergometer test), obesity (body weight and height), and academic achievement (grades) at age 16 y. (pnas.org)
- The brightly colored Activity Rings appeal to children of all ages - and even to adults. (specialneedstoys.com)
- Physical activity is one of the key determinants of physical, mental, and social health of children and adolescents. (springer.com)
- Boreham C, Riddoch C. The physical activity, fitness and health of children. (springer.com)
- Dencker M, Thorsson O, Karlsson M, Linden C, Eiberg S, Wollmer P, Andersen L. Daily physical activity related to body fat in children aged 8-11 years. (springer.com)
- Janssen I, LeBlanc A. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. (springer.com)
- Ribeiro J, Guerra S, Pinto A, Oliveira J, Duarte J, Mota J. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: relationship with blood pressure, and physical activity. (springer.com)
- Reilly J, Jackson D, Montgomery C, Kelly LA, Slater C, Grant S, Paton J. Total energy expenditure and physical activity in young Scottish children: mixed longitudinal study. (springer.com)
- While it's nice to send homemade greeting cards to brighten days of friends and family, making cards for hospitalized children can give the activity a deeper meaning. (seniorhelpers.com)
- To examine the effect of adenotonsillectomy (T&A) in children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing on growth, hyperactivity, and sleep and waking motor activity. (aappublications.org)
- A subset of 21 of these children were also studied for motor activity by wrist actigraphy for 7 consecutive days and nights before and 12 months after T&A. (aappublications.org)
- An increase in percentage overweight after T&A in children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is correlated to decreased child hyperactivity scores and to decreased measured motor activity in the subset studied. (aappublications.org)
- This activity uses the smaller poles, so the child/children can manipulate them successfully. (toobeez.com)
- This FREE PRINTABLE Apple gross motor activity helps children to increase their daily physical activity. (yourtherapysource.com)
- We have wonderful fine motor therapy tools, sensory products, and special needs toys for autistic children and others who have sensory-motor differences. (therapyshoppe.com)
- Motor speech impairment, activity, and participation in children with cerebral palsy. (edu.au)
- There are a number of activities that will help children to build up muscle strength in their hands and also serve to improve their hand-eye coordination. (kumon.co.uk)
- This book will outline what we now know about how physical activity impacts children with Autism and how classroom teachers can use physical activity programs in their classrooms. (rowman.com)
- A growing body of research shows that many children with autism spectrum have significant deficits in motor and physical fitness. (rowman.com)
- This new resource provides practical, step-by-step information that can help both special education teachers and parents create and implement motor and fitness programs specifically geared to the unique learning needs of children with ASD. (rowman.com)
- Integrating Children with Disabilities into Gross Motor Activities. (ed.gov)
- For this issue different intervention have being planned to increase physical activity patterns and reduce the excess of weight in children with limited or no success. (isciii.es)
- Braun G, Mulloney B (1993) Cholinergic modulation of the swimmeret motor system in crayfish. (springer.com)
- The clinical tests included 21 cognitive assessments, an analysis of 10 motor abilities, and an estimation of total daily PA drawn from accelerometers worn constantly for 10 days (researchers in this study used only the first 7 days' data). (apta.org)
- A more active lifestyle and better motor abilities proximate to death were independently associated with better cognitive function and reduced odds of dementia when controlling for AD and 9 other common age-related pathologies," authors write. (apta.org)
- Moreover, there was also no evidence that a more active lifestyle or better motor abilities modified the associations of these brain pathologies with cognitive function prior to death. (apta.org)
- These findings suggest that a more active lifestyle may provide cognitive reserve or resilience for adults," the authors write, adding that the results "may have important public health implications because they suggest that resilience factors such as more cognitive activities or physical activity might mitigate late-life cognitive impairment even in the absence of effective therapies to reduce AD and other common brain pathologies. (apta.org)
- Brain activation was investigated by fMRI before and after the procedure on a 1.5T Philips scanner using protocols taxing motor performance (finger tapping and reaction time) and cognitive functioning (memory and attention). (diva-portal.org)
- Objective The authors (1) compared functional level in ET cases versus controls, assessing functional activities that are cognitively based and those that are dependent upon both motor and cognitive factors, and (2) determined whether lower mini mental status test scores in ET cases have a functional correlate. (bmj.com)
- Cases reported more difficulty (ie, higher FAQ scores) with FAQ items that were cognitive measures as well as FAQ items that were cognitive-motor in nature. (bmj.com)
- Discussion In this large, population-based study, ET cases reported more functional difficulty than controls, and this functional difficulty was present in both cognitive and cognitive-motor domains. (bmj.com)
- Phenomenal therapy tools for developing bilateral coordination, motor planning, balance, stability, and core strength all while providing a fun way to facilitate vestibular and proprioceptive input. (specialneedstoys.com)
- This is a fine motor activity for older kids, it takes a lot of coordination and a good heaping of patience to build even simple structures out of marshmallows and toothpicks. (notimeforflashcards.com)
- Fine motor activities build hand strength, attention to detail, and eye-hand coordination that can improve handwriting, participation in physical activities, and problem-solving abilities. (momitforward.com)
- Data were collected with developmental coordination disorder diagnostic questionnaire (DCDQ'7) and test of gross motor development-2 (Ulrich, 2000). (magiran.com)
- Rats were habituated to activity chambers for 1 hour and then injected with either artificial cerebrospinal fluid or OFQ/N into one of the brain regions, and motor activity was recorded for a further 1 hour. (rti.org)
- Neurobiological concepts try to explain hyperactivity in terms of HPA dysregulation and the influence of orexin and leptin imbalance, based mainly on studies in rats - the activity-based anorexia model. (termedia.pl)
- We recorded Mthal spiking activity in control and unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned rats performing a skilled forelimb-reaching task. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Objective: Intracerebroventricular administration of orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N), the endogenous agonist ligand of the opioid receptor-like (ORL-1) receptor, decreases extracellular levels of dopamine and suppresses motor activity. (rti.org)
- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of isradipine on cocaine-induced locomotor and stereotypic activity and correlate the changes in dopamine, serotonin and their metabolites-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)-levels in the rat brain. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Cinnamaldehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal elicited long lasting decreases in CPMC frequency that were blocked by HC-030031 whereas the decreased CPMC activity invoked by AITC could not be blocked by HC-030031. (frontiersin.org)
- Bath application of the TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 had no effect upon basal CPMC activity whereas application of the synthetic TRPA1 agonist ASP7663 caused a reversible dose dependent decrease in CPMC frequency that was blocked by HC-030031. (frontiersin.org)
- Motor manifestations and basal ganglia output activity: The paradox continues. (cun.es)
- Body weight changes are a function of dietary energy intake and energy expenditure through basal metabolism, dietary-induced thermogenesis, and motor (physical) activity. (aappublications.org)
- This review shows current knowledge of the effect of musculoskeletal pain on the motor system and presents the various proposed models, in addition to other shown effects not covered by these models. (nih.gov)
- It is apparent that people experiencing musculoskeletal pain exhibit complex motor responses that may show some variation with the time course of the disorder. (nih.gov)
- This study includes a direct, objective evaluation of musculoskeletal function, sensory capacity, fitness, and physical activity patterns among adults who were treated for childhood ALL at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH) between 1980 and 1999. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Explore the associations between musculoskeletal and sensory health, and physical activity patterns among adult survivors of childhood ALL. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The authors used various methods to assess motor activity. (termedia.pl)
- Methods In a population-based study of people ≥65 years in central Spain (NEDICES), a 37-item version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (37-MMSE) and an 11-item version of the Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) were administered to non-demented ET cases and controls. (bmj.com)
- Readers will particular benefit from chapters explaining the use of visual supports, modeling and other unique teaching methods as well as detailed information on organizing a motor program. (rowman.com)
- Methods For 32 healthy subjects the activity of the peroneus longus and tibialis anterior muscle was recorded by means of surface EMG (Noraxon Telemyo). (bmj.com)
- Africa has been a preferred destination for Tata Motors since 1992. (tatamotors.com)
- Additional knowledge of the biological, in particular the neurobiological, mechanisms of motor function decline is needed. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- These associations suggest that the increase in overweight may be attributable to reductions in physical activity and fidgeting energy expenditure. (aappublications.org)
- The most modifiable of these components are dietary energy intake and motor activity energy expenditure. (aappublications.org)
- Describe the association between habitual physical activity and energy expenditure among ALL survivors. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study hypothesizes that activity levels, measured with the accelerometer, will be positively correlated with energy expenditure, measured using the doubly labeled water technique. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Secondary objectives will involve study of how activity in the brain is modulated in such a task and how DBS can influence the cerebral activity related to decision-making. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- First he pops it with his fingers, and then when he gets tired or frustrated with the fine motor aspect, we put the bubble wrap on the floor, and he practices jumping (he struggles to get both feet in the air at the same time). (sensory-processing-disorder.com)
- I suggest not just doing one manipulative (aka scissors) but giving them a variety in order to develop ALL small motor areas. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- Our results show that any potential mechanosensory function of TRPA1 doesn't involve contributing to distension induced colonic motor activity and that a role for TRPA1 in the colon is through regulating motility through exogenous and endogenous agonist induced inhibitory effects. (frontiersin.org)
- That's why many of these activities involve creating something that seniors can be proud to use, display, or give. (seniorhelpers.com)
- For the latter case, the exposure a large investor has on their short position in common stock may be more meaningful than bullish options activity. (yahoo.com)
- F - Ford Motor Co. - One big bullish options player appears to be positioning for Ford's shares to touch a new 52-week high by November expiration. (wallstreetpit.com)
Favorite gross motor1
- A favorite money-saving kit features 3 of your Occupational Therapists and Physio Therapist's all-time favorite gross motor tools: a set of our Premium Activity Hoops (six, extra sturdy flat 14" seamless hoops), a set 6 Cones (one of each colour), and a 7" dia Auditory Therapy Ball! (specialneedstoys.com)
- In 1888, the French neurologist Féré demonstrated that skin resistance activity could be changed by emotional stimulation and that activity could be inhibited by drugs. (wikipedia.org)
- Anger significantly increased colon motor and spike potential activity in the groups compared with the resting state. (nih.gov)
- Patients with irritable bowel syndrome produced significantly higher motor and spike potential activity when angered. (nih.gov)
- However, OFQ/N failed to attenuate motor activity significantly after injection into the substantia nigra or the striatum. (rti.org)
- The efficiency of performance of a fine motor skill significantly influences the quality of the task outcome as well as the speed of task performance. (adaptivemall.com)
- Here is a great fine motor tray activity that your preschooler will love! (notimeforflashcards.com)
- For detailed instructions and to get additional fun ideas, check out Kids Activities Blog this week. (prweb.com)
- Kids Activities Blog is a great tool for moms and teachers to find kid-friendly activities that create memories and sneak learning into the fun. (prweb.com)
- Functional Fine Motor Activities for Kids Using Household Items Functional fine motor activities for kids are so important to childhood development. (pinterest.com)
- Hands on kids activities for hands on moms. (handsonaswegrow.com)
- Gross motor activities are a great way for kids to spend all that energy that gets built up! (handsonaswegrow.com)
- We have tons of indoor and outdoor gross motor activities to do with the kids that you'll find below. (handsonaswegrow.com)
- I have a group of kids with very weak fine motor control. (atozteacherstuff.com)
- I can't agree more that physical activity helps across the board for not just ASD kids, but everyone. (rowman.com)
- Discover my go-to fine motor activity that to keep kids busy! (handsonaswegrow.com)
- I absolutely love activities that easily keep kids busy! (handsonaswegrow.com)
- Creative with Kids has a wonderful list of activities when you need one quick . (handsonaswegrow.com)
- What are your favorite busy-play activities for kids? (handsonaswegrow.com)
- Despite many advances, the precise signaling mechanisms that regulate motor function in the striatum, that part of the brain responsible for motor activity, remain unknown. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This protein complex carefully controls that motor function by modulating the effect of Rhes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Less frequent participation in social activity is associated with a more rapid rate of motor function decline among older adults, researchers claim. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- A report published in the Archives of Internal Medicine examined over 900 adults from 1997 to 2008 and found each one-point decrease in a participant's social activity score was associated with an approximate 33 per cent more rapid rate of decline of motor function. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Motor function decline in older individuals is associated with negative health outcomes including disability, dementia and death. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- The authors of the new report conclude: 'These data raise the possibility that social engagement can slow motor function decline and possibly delay adverse health outcomes from such decline. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- A multiple linear regression model was used in which the ongoing impulse activity of cells at time t + tau was expressed as a function of the (X, Y) components of the target direction and of position, velocity, and acceleration of the hand at time t, where tau was a time shift (-200 to +200 msec). (nih.gov)
- The primary symptoms of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy include impaired motor function, loss of sensation and a symmetric weakness in th. (reference.com)
- Neuroimaging studies of learning focus on brain areas where the activity changes as a function of time. (dtu.dk)
- However, whether motoric simulation is indeed the function of motor activations during action observation is controversial, due to inconsistency in findings. (jneurosci.org)
- However, some changes in motor function that occur in the presence of pain are less apparent. (nih.gov)
- Clinical and basic science investigations have provided evidence of the effects of nociception on aspects of motor function. (nih.gov)
- This prospective study investigated whether childhood motor function predicts later academic achievement via physical activity, fitness, and obesity. (pnas.org)
- Structural equation models with unstandardized (B) and standardized (β) coefficients were used to test whether, and to what extent, physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity at age 16 mediated the association between childhood motor function and adolescents' academic achievement. (pnas.org)
- Furthermore, compromised motor function in childhood had a negative indirect effect on adolescents' academic achievement via physical inactivity (B = -0.023, 95% confidence interval = -0.031, -0.015) and obesity (B = -0.025, 95% confidence interval = -0.039, -0.011), but not via cardiorespiratory fitness. (pnas.org)
- These results suggest that physical activity and obesity may mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents' academic achievement. (pnas.org)
- Compromised motor function in childhood may represent an important factor driving the effects of obesity and physical inactivity on academic underachievement. (pnas.org)
- Physical Activity is defined to any activity that makes us move and function in a coordinated manner. (medhelp.org)
- Ok, so maybe it's an important skill when it comes to fine motor control and spatial awareness. (pinterest.com)
- Creating jewelry is a great fine motor activity because it's easy for a home caregive r to modify the task to fit the client's skill level. (seniorhelpers.com)
- Fine motor skill development is a very serious outcome that is achieved best through play and having fun! (adaptivemall.com)
- Monster Footprint Hop - Cut out some simple monster footprint shapes in various colors and you have a fun gross motor skill activity that can be used indoors or outdoors! (mamanista.com)
- It enhances core strength which leads to gross motor skill development! (mamanista.com)
- Get a new fine motor skill idea each week! (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Using simple materials that are easy and quick to set up, you'll have a new fine motor skill idea each week - no planning, no hassle! (nurturestore.co.uk)
- Motor skill tests that were performed Standing long jump (SLJ) and Twelve meter run. (isciii.es)
- in order for normal motor activity to occur, the RasGRP1 and other protein partners in the Rhesactome network induced by amphetamine have to block Rhes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Childhood-Onset Multifocal Motor Neuropathy With Immunoglobulin M Antibodies to Gangliosides GM1 and GM2: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (medscape.com)
- Muecke L, Simons-Morton B, Huang I, Parcel G. Is childhood obesity associated with high-fat foods and low physical activity? (springer.com)
- Compare physical activity patterns between adult survivors of childhood ALL and a frequency matched control group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study hypothesizes that adult survivors of childhood ALL will demonstrate lower levels of physical activity as measured with an activity monitor (accelerometer), and will report lower levels of overall physical activity, when compared to members of the comparison group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study hypothesizes that adult survivors of childhood ALL with lower proportions of lean muscle mass and/or sensory loss indicating peripheral neuropathy will demonstrate the lowest levels of physical activity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The vast majority of studies that have investigated the functional role of activity in the AON have used fMRI. (jneurosci.org)
- Overall, the results reveal distinctions in the profile of mirror activity across premotor and motor areas. (bl.uk)
- Significant improvements in motor performance were accompanied by bilateral increased activation in the supplementary motor area. (diva-portal.org)
- Hyperactivity scores and total daily motor activity were reduced after T&A. From linear regression, the reduction in hyperactivity scores predicted an increase in percentage overweight. (aappublications.org)
- Articles from the Medline database were analyzed using the key words: anorexia nervosa, hyperactivity, motor activity. (termedia.pl)
Gross motor game1
- This activity may also be used as a stand alone gross motor game. (teacherspayteachers.com)
- Currently under development is a corporate team building workbook and a physical education activity book. (toobeez.com)
- Discusses ways to integrate students with disabilities into gross motor activities within inclusive physical education classes, noting reasons why students with disabilities have similar needs to students without disabilities. (ed.gov)
- The finding that activity in the motor system is modulated dynamically when observing actions can explain why studies of action observation using functional magnetic resonance imaging have reported conflicting results, and is consistent with the hypothesis that we motorically simulate observed actions. (jneurosci.org)
- These results indicate that the activation of the antennal motor system is mediated by muscarinic receptors. (springer.com)
- The results show that lpMTG carries core semantic information necessary to drive the activation of specific (motor) features in the precentral gyrus. (harvard.edu)
- Results: OFQ/N suppressed motor activity when injected into the VTA and to a lesser extent after direct injection into the nucleus accumbens. (rti.org)
- The motor-suppressant action of intra-VTA OFQ/N was attenuated by J-113397 (1.5 mug/0.5 muL per side) administered into the VTA 10 minutes before administration of OFQ/N. Conclusion: Our results indicate that OFQ/N suppresses motor activity through activation of the ORL1 receptor primarily through an action in the VTA. (rti.org)
- Our results demonstrate that multiple UAW motor outputs can be uncoupled from phrenic bursting, and this response is associated with bursting of EI nerve fibers. (biomedsearch.com)
- The implications of this and other results for the understanding of motor control are discussed. (biologists.org)
- Results PL activity in mid stance was statistically significant higher (p=.0083, post hoc power =.98) with sensori-motor insoles (18.4±12.17 uV*s) compared to dummy-insoles (10.0±7.6 uV*s). (bmj.com)
- These results indicate that activation of ventral medullary 5-HT receptor subtypes produces unique effects on cardiorespiratory activity. (aspetjournals.org)