Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Disorder caused by motion, as sea sickness, train sickness, car sickness, air sickness, or SPACE MOTION SICKNESS. It may include nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
An illusion of vision usually affecting spatial relations.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
A slightly alkaline secretion of the endocervical glands. The consistency and amount are dependent on the physiological hormone changes in the menstrual cycle. It contains the glycoprotein mucin, amino acids, sugar, enzymes, and electrolytes, with a water content up to 90%. The mucus is a useful protection against the ascent of bacteria and sperm into the uterus. (From Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1988)
Perception of three-dimensionality.
Differential response to different stimuli.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.
The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.
The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.
The continuous visual field seen by a subject through space and time.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Continuation of visual impression after cessation of stimuli causing the original image.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An increase in the rate of speed.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Materials used as reference points for imaging studies.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Images seen by one eye.
The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Normal nystagmus produced by looking at objects moving across the field of vision.
A non-essential amino acid naturally occurring in the L-form. Glutamic acid is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Lack of correspondence between the way a stimulus is commonly perceived and the way an individual perceives it under given conditions.
Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Manner or style of walking.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.
A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
The position or attitude of the body.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The smallest difference which can be discriminated between two stimuli or one which is barely above the threshold.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.
Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
A dead body, usually a human body.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.
A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE causing infectious hepatitis naturally in humans and experimentally in other primates. It is transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water. HEPATITIS A VIRUS is the type species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Disorder characterized by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, possibly in response to vestibular disorientation or fluid shifts associated with space flight. (From Webster's New World Dictionary)
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
The ability to estimate periods of time lapsed or duration of time.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.
The observation of successive phases of MOVEMENT by use of a flashing light.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.
A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.
NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.
Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.
A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).
An isoform of DNA that occurs under experimental conditions. It is a right-handed helix that is less compact than the B-form of DNA.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.
Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.
The recording of images in three-dimensional form on a photographic film by exposing it to a laser beam reflected from the object under study.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.
An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.
Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.
Involuntary rhythmical movements of the eyes in the normal person. These can be naturally occurring as in end-position (end-point, end-stage, or deviational) nystagmus or induced by the optokinetic drum (NYSTAGMUS, OPTOKINETIC), caloric test, or a rotating chair.
The point or frequency at which all flicker of an intermittent light stimulus disappears.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
A condition characterized by mucosal tears at the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION, sometimes with HEMATEMESIS. Typically it is caused by forceful bouts of retching or VOMITING.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.
Process whereby a cell, bodily structure, or organism (animal or plant) receives or detects a gravity stimulus. Gravity sensing plays an important role in the directional growth and development of an organism (GRAVITROPISM).
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.
Motion pictures of the passage of contrast medium through blood vessels.
The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.

The forward rate of binding of surface-tethered reactants: effect of relative motion between two surfaces. (1/2370)

The reaction of molecules confined to two dimensions is of interest in cell adhesion, specifically for the reaction between cell surface receptors and substrate-bound ligand. We have developed a model to describe the overall rate of reaction of species that are bound to surfaces under relative motion, such that the Peclet number is order one or greater. The encounter rate between reactive species is calculated from solution of the two-dimensional convection-diffusion equation. The probability that each encounter will lead to binding depends on the intrinsic rate of reaction and the encounter duration. The encounter duration is obtained from the theory of first passage times. We find that the binding rate increases with relative velocity between the two surfaces, then reaches a plateau. This plateau indicates that the increase in the encounter rate is counterbalanced by the decrease in the encounter duration as the relative velocity increases. The binding rate is fully described by two dimensionless parameters, the Peclet number and the Damkohler number. We use this model to explain data from the cell adhesion literature by incorporating these rate laws into "adhesive dynamics" simulations to model the binding of a cell to a surface under flow. Leukocytes are known to display a "shear threshold effect" when binding selectin-coated surfaces under shear flow, defined as an increase in bind rate with shear; this effect, as calculated here, is due to an increase in collisions between receptor and ligand with increasing shear. The model can be used to explain other published data on the effect of wall shear rate on the binding of cells to surfaces, specifically the mild decrease in binding within a fixed area with increasing shear rate.  (+info)

Synchronization of local neural networks in the somatosensory cortex: A comparison of stationary and moving stimuli. (2/2370)

Spontaneous and stimulus-induced responses were recorded from neighboring groups of neurons by an array of electrodes in the primary (SI) somatosensory cortex of intact, halothane-anesthetized cats. Cross-correlation analysis was used to characterize the coordination of spontaneous activity and the responses to peripheral stimulation with moving or stationary air jets. Although synchronization was detected in only 10% (88 of 880) of the pairs of single neurons that were recorded, cross-correlation analysis of multiunit responses revealed significant levels of synchronization in 64% of the 123 recorded electrode pairs. Compared with spontaneous activity, both stationary and moving air jets caused substantial increases in the rate, proportion, and temporal precision of synchronized activity in local regions of SI cortex. Among populations of neurons that were synchronized by both types of air-jet stimulation, the mean rate of synchronized activity was significantly higher during moving air-jet stimulation than during stationary air-jet stimulation. Moving air jets also produced significantly higher correlation coefficients than stationary air jets in the raw cross-correlograms (CCGs) but not in the shift-corrected CCGs. The incidence and rate of stimulus-induced synchronization varied with the distance separating the recording sites. For sites separated by /=500 microm, only 37% of the multiunit responses were synchronized by discrete stimulation with a single air jet. Measurements of the multiunit CCG peak half-widths showed that the correlated activity produced by moving air jets had slightly less temporal variability than that produced by stationary air jets. These results indicate that moving stimuli produce greater levels of synchronization than stationary stimuli among local groups of SI neurons and suggest that neuronal synchronization may supplement the changes in firing rate which code intensity and other attributes of a cutaneous stimulus.  (+info)

DNA translocation blockage, a general mechanism of cleavage site selection by type I restriction enzymes. (3/2370)

Type I restriction enzymes bind to a specific DNA sequence and subsequently translocate DNA past the complex to reach a non-specific cleavage site. We have examined several potential blocks to DNA translocation, such as positive supercoiling or a Holliday junction, for their ability to trigger DNA cleavage by type I restriction enzymes. Introduction of positive supercoiling into plasmid DNA did not have a significant effect on the rate of DNA cleavage by EcoAI endonuclease nor on the enzyme's ability to select cleavage sites randomly throughout the DNA molecule. Thus, positive supercoiling does not prevent DNA translocation. EcoR124II endonuclease cleaved DNA at Holliday junctions present on both linear and negatively supercoiled substrates. The latter substrate was cleaved by a single enzyme molecule at two sites, one on either side of the junction, consistent with a bi-directional translocation model. Linear DNA molecules with two recognition sites for endonucleases from different type I families were cut between the sites when both enzymes were added simultaneously but not when a single enzyme was added. We propose that type I restriction enzymes can track along a DNA substrate irrespective of its topology and cleave DNA at any barrier that is able to halt the translocation process.  (+info)

Sensitivity to simulated directional sound motion in the rat primary auditory cortex. (4/2370)

Sensitivity to simulated directional sound motion in the rat primary auditory cortex. This paper examines neuron responses in rat primary auditory cortex (AI) during sound stimulation of the two ears designed to simulate sound motion in the horizontal plane. The simulated sound motion was synthesized from mathematical equations that generated dynamic changes in interaural phase, intensity, and Doppler shifts at the two ears. The simulated sounds were based on moving sources in the right frontal horizontal quadrant. Stimuli consisted of three circumferential segments between 0 and 30 degrees, 30 and 60 degrees, and 60 and 90 degrees and four radial segments at 0, 30, 60, and 90 degrees. The constant velocity portion of each segment was 0.84 m long. The circumferential segments and center of the radial segments were calculated to simulate a distance of 2 m from the head. Each segment had two trajectories that simulated motion in both directions, and each trajectory was presented at two velocities. Young adult rats were anesthetized, the left primary auditory cortex was exposed, and microelectrode recordings were obtained from sound responsive cells in AI. All testing took place at a tonal frequency that most closely approximated the best frequency of the unit at a level 20 dB above the tuning curve threshold. The results were presented on polar plots that emphasized the two directions of simulated motion for each segment rather than the location of sound in space. The trajectory exhibiting a "maximum motion response" could be identified from these plots. "Neuron discharge profiles" within these trajectories were used to demonstrate neuron activity for the two motion directions. Cells were identified that clearly responded to simulated uni- or multidirectional sound motion (39%), that were sensitive to sound location only (19%), or that were sound driven but insensitive to our location or sound motion stimuli (42%). The results demonstrated the capacity of neurons in rat auditory cortex to selectively process dynamic stimulus conditions representing simulated motion on the horizontal plane. Our data further show that some cells were responsive to location along the horizontal plane but not sensitive to motion. Cells sensitive to motion, however, also responded best to the moving sound at a particular location within the trajectory. It would seem that the mechanisms underlying sensitivity to sound location as well as direction of motion converge on the same cell.  (+info)

Vertical eye position-dependence of the human vestibuloocular reflex during passive and active yaw head rotations. (5/2370)

Vertical eye position-dependence of the human vestibuloocular reflex during passive and active yaw head rotations. The effect of vertical eye-in-head position on the compensatory eye rotation response to passive and active high acceleration yaw head rotations was examined in eight normal human subjects. The stimuli consisted of brief, low amplitude (15-25 degrees ), high acceleration (4,000-6,000 degrees /s2) yaw head rotations with respect to the trunk (peak velocity was 150-350 degrees /s). Eye and head rotations were recorded in three-dimensional space using the magnetic search coil technique. The input-output kinematics of the three-dimensional vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) were assessed by finding the difference between the inverted eye velocity vector and the head velocity vector (both referenced to a head-fixed coordinate system) as a time series. During passive head impulses, the head and eye velocity axes aligned well with each other for the first 47 ms after the onset of the stimulus, regardless of vertical eye-in-head position. After the initial 47-ms period, the degree of alignment of the eye and head velocity axes was modulated by vertical eye-in-head position. When fixation was on a target 20 degrees up, the eye and head velocity axes remained well aligned with each other. However, when fixation was on targets at 0 and 20 degrees down, the eye velocity axis tilted forward relative to the head velocity axis. During active head impulses, the axis tilt became apparent within 5 ms of the onset of the stimulus. When fixation was on a target at 0 degrees, the velocity axes remained well aligned with each other. When fixation was on a target 20 degrees up, the eye velocity axis tilted backward, when fixation was on a target 20 degrees down, the eye velocity axis tilted forward. The findings show that the VOR compensates very well for head motion in the early part of the response to unpredictable high acceleration stimuli-the eye position- dependence of the VOR does not become apparent until 47 ms after the onset of the stimulus. In contrast, the response to active high acceleration stimuli shows eye position-dependence from within 5 ms of the onset of the stimulus. A model using a VOR-Listing's law compromise strategy did not accurately predict the patterns observed in the data, raising questions about how the eye position-dependence of the VOR is generated. We suggest, in view of recent findings, that the phenomenon could arise due to the effects of fibromuscular pulleys on the functional pulling directions of the rectus muscles.  (+info)

Lumbar intradiscal pressure after posterolateral fusion and pedicle screw fixation. (6/2370)

In vitro biomechanical testing was performed in single-functional spinal units of fresh calf lumbar spines, using pressure needle transducers to investigate the effect of posterolateral fusion (PLF) and pedicle screw constructs (PS) on intradiscal pressure (IDP), in order to elucidate the mechanical factors concerned with residual low back pain after PLF. IDP of 6 calf lumbar spines consisting of L4 and L5 vertebrae and an intervening disc was measured under axial compression, flexion-extension and lateral bending in the intact spine, PS, PLF and the destabilized spine. Relative to the intact spines, the destabilized spines showed increased IDP in all of lordings and moments. IDP under PS and PLF were significantly decreased in axial compression, extension and lateral bending loads (p<0.05). In flexion, IDP under PS and PLF increased linearly proportional to the magnitude of flexion moment and reached as high as IDP of the intact spines. These results demonstrated that despite an increase in the stiffness of motion segments after PLF and PS, significant high disc pressure is still generated in flexion. Flexibility of PS and PLF may cause increased axial load sharing of the disc in flexion and increased IDP. This high IDP may explain patients' persisting pain following PS and PLF.  (+info)

Electromyographic study of the elbow flexors and extensors in a motion of forearm pronation/supination while maintaining elbow flexion in humans. (7/2370)

Activities of the elbow flexors (biceps brachii, BB; brachialis, B; brachioradialis, BR) and extensors (triceps brachii, TB) in a motion of forearm pronation/supination with maintenance of elbow flexion (PS-movement) in nine healthy human subjects were studied by electromyography (EMG). The subject performed the PS-movement slowly or quickly with or without a load extending the elbow. In the slow PS-movement, an increase and decrease of EMG activities during supination and pronation, respectively, were seen in BB and the reverse was in B. A clear increment of EMG activities in BB accompanied with a reduction of EMG activities in B and/or BR, and the reverse were often observed. The contraction level and gain with the forearm supine were higher and larger than those with the forearm prone, respectively, in BB and the reverse was in B and BR. In a series of the quick PS-movement, alternating increases of EMG activities between BB and the other flexors (B and BR) were seen. Since TB showed no EMG activities throughout the experiment, it is suggested that reciprocal contractions between BB and the other flexors, which produce a complementary force in flexion direction, enable motions of pronation/supination with maintenance of flexion. Contraction properties of the flexors were discussed.  (+info)

Direct measurement of inter-doublet elasticity in flagellar axonemes. (8/2370)

The outer doublet microtubules in ciliary and flagellar axonemes are presumed to be connected with each other by elastic links called the inter-doublet links or the nexin links, but it is not known whether there actually are such elastic links. In this study, to detect the elasticity of the putative inter-doublet links, shear force was applied to Chlamydomonas axonemes with a fine glass needle and the longitudinal elasticity was determined from the deflection of the needle. Wild-type axonemes underwent a high-frequency, nanometer-scale vibration in the presence of ATP. When longitudinal shear force was applied, the average position of the needle tip attached to the axoneme moved linearly with the force applied, yielding an estimate of spring constant of 2.0 (S.D.: 0.8) pN/nm for 1 microm of axoneme. This value did not change in the presence of vanadate, i.e., when dynein does not form strong cross bridges. In contrast, it was at least five times larger when ATP was absent, i.e., when dynein forms strong cross bridges. The measured elasticity did not significantly differ in various mutant axonemes lacking the central-pair microtubules, a subset of inner-arm dynein, outer-arm dynein, or the radial spokes, although it was somewhat smaller in the latter two mutants. It was also observed that the shear displacement in an axoneme in the presence of ATP often took place in a stepwise manner. This suggests that the inter-doublet links can reversibly detach from and reattach to the outer doublets in a cooperative manner. This study thus provides the first direct measure of the elasticity of inter-doublet links and also demonstrates its dynamic nature.  (+info)

The inner ear, brain, and sensory nerves are all involved in the development of motion sickness. The inner ear contains the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance and equilibrium. The brain processes visual, proprioceptive (position and movement), and vestibular information to determine the body's position and movement. When these signals are not in harmony, the brain can become confused and motion sickness can occur.

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of motion sickness, including:

1. Conflicting sensory input: This can occur when the visual, proprioceptive, and vestibular systems provide conflicting information about the body's position and movement. For example, if the body is moving but the eyes do not see any movement, this can confuse the brain and lead to motion sickness.
2. Movement of the body: Motion sickness can occur when the body is in motion, such as on a boat or airplane, or during a car ride. This can be particularly problematic for people who are prone to motion sickness.
3. Reading or looking at screens: Reading or looking at screens can exacerbate motion sickness, as it can provide conflicting visual and vestibular information.
4. Other medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as inner ear problems or migraines, can increase the risk of developing motion sickness.
5. Medications: Some medications, such as antidepressants and antihistamines, can increase the risk of developing motion sickness.

There are several ways to prevent and treat motion sickness, including:

1. Avoiding heavy meals before traveling: Eating a light meal before traveling can help reduce the risk of motion sickness.
2. Choosing a seat with less motion: In vehicles, choosing a seat with less motion can help reduce the risk of motion sickness.
3. Keeping the eyes on the horizon: Looking at the horizon can help reduce the conflict between visual and vestibular information.
4. Taking medication: There are several over-the-counter and prescription medications available to prevent and treat motion sickness, such as dramamine and scopolamine patches.
5. Using wristbands: Sea bands or wristbands that apply pressure to a specific point on the wrist have been shown to be effective in preventing motion sickness.
6. Avoiding alcohol and caffeine: Consuming these substances can exacerbate motion sickness, so it is best to avoid them before and during travel.
7. Staying hydrated: Drinking plenty of water and other fluids can help reduce the symptoms of motion sickness.
8. Getting fresh air: Fresh air can help reduce the symptoms of motion sickness, so it is best to sit near an open window or take breaks outside.

There are several types of penetrating eye injuries, including:

1. Perforating injuries: These occur when an object punctures the globe of the eye, creating a hole in the retina or the sclera. These injuries can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.
2. Non-perforating injuries: These occur when an object does not penetrate the globe of the eye but still causes damage to the surrounding tissues. These injuries are typically less severe than perforating injuries but can still cause significant vision loss.
3. Hyphemas: These occur when blood collects in the space between the cornea and the iris, often due to a blow to the eye.
4. Retinal detachments: These occur when the retina becomes separated from the underlying tissue, often due to a traumatic injury.

Symptoms of penetrating eye injuries can include:

* Severe pain in the eye
* Redness and swelling of the affected eye
* Difficulty seeing or blindness
* Floaters or flashes of light
* A feeling of something in the eye

Treatment of penetrating eye injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can include:

1. Immediate medical attention to assess the extent of the injury and provide appropriate treatment.
2. Surgery to repair any damage to the eye, such as removing a foreign object or repairing a retinal detachment.
3. Antibiotics to prevent infection.
4. Pain management with medication.
5. Monitoring for complications, such as glaucoma or cataracts.

Preventive measures for penetrating eye injuries include:

1. Wearing protective eyewear when performing activities that could potentially cause eye injury, such as playing sports or working with power tools.
2. Avoiding touching the eyes or face to prevent the spread of infection.
3. Keeping the environment clean and free of hazards to reduce the risk of injury.
4. Properly storing and disposing of sharp objects to prevent accidents.
5. Seeking medical attention immediately if an eye injury occurs.

It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience any symptoms of a penetrating eye injury, as timely treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.

Some common types of perceptual disorders include:

1. Visual perceptual disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to interpret and make sense of visual information from the environment. They can result in difficulties with recognizing objects, perceiving depth and distance, and tracking movement.
2. Auditory perceptual disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to interpret and make sense of sound. They can result in difficulties with hearing and understanding speech, as well as distinguishing between different sounds.
3. Tactile perceptual disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to interpret and make sense of touch. They can result in difficulties with recognizing objects through touch, as well as interpreting tactile sensations such as pain, temperature, and texture.
4. Olfactory perceptual disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to interpret and make sense of smells. They can result in difficulties with identifying different odors and distinguishing between them.
5. Gustatory perceptual disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to interpret and make sense of tastes. They can result in difficulties with identifying different flavors and distinguishing between them.
6. Balance and equilibrium disorders: These disorders affect an individual's ability to maintain balance and equilibrium. They can result in difficulties with standing, walking, and maintaining posture.

Perceptual disorders can have a significant impact on an individual's daily life, making it difficult to perform everyday tasks and activities. Treatment for perceptual disorders often involves a combination of sensory therapy, behavioral therapy, and assistive technologies. The goal of treatment is to help the individual compensate for any impairments in sensory processing and improve their ability to function in daily life.

In medicine, cadavers are used for a variety of purposes, such as:

1. Anatomy education: Medical students and residents learn about the human body by studying and dissecting cadavers. This helps them develop a deeper understanding of human anatomy and improves their surgical skills.
2. Research: Cadavers are used in scientific research to study the effects of diseases, injuries, and treatments on the human body. This helps scientists develop new medical techniques and therapies.
3. Forensic analysis: Cadavers can be used to aid in the investigation of crimes and accidents. By examining the body and its injuries, forensic experts can determine cause of death, identify suspects, and reconstruct events.
4. Organ donation: After death, cadavers can be used to harvest organs and tissues for transplantation into living patients. This can improve the quality of life for those with organ failure or other medical conditions.
5. Medical training simulations: Cadavers can be used to simulate real-life medical scenarios, allowing healthcare professionals to practice their skills in a controlled environment.

In summary, the term "cadaver" refers to the body of a deceased person and is used in the medical field for various purposes, including anatomy education, research, forensic analysis, organ donation, and medical training simulations.

The symptoms of SMS can include:

* Nausea and vomiting
* Dizziness and disorientation
* Headaches and fatigue
* Cold sweats and pale skin
* Increased heart rate and blood pressure

SMS is caused by a conflict between what the body perceives as movement and what the eyes see. In space, the body may feel motion while the eyes do not see any movement, leading to confusion and disorientation. Additionally, the low gravity environment can also contribute to the development of SMS.

Treatment for SMS includes:

* Medications such as scopolamine patches or antihistamines to help reduce symptoms
* Avoiding heavy meals and alcohol before and during space travel
* Keeping the head still and avoiding reading or watching screens that can make the symptoms worse
* Avoiding stressful situations and taking breaks in a quiet, dark area

Prevention is key to managing SMS. By understanding the risk factors and taking steps to minimize them, individuals can reduce their chances of developing this condition. For example, astronauts are advised to take certain precautions before and during space travel, such as avoiding heavy meals and alcohol, getting enough rest, and using medications as needed.

In conclusion, Space Motion Sickness is a common condition that affects individuals who experience motion in spacecraft or other enclosed environments. It can cause a range of symptoms, including nausea, dizziness, and disorientation. Treatment and prevention involve avoiding risk factors, using medications as needed, and taking breaks in quiet, dark areas to help the body adjust to the low gravity environment. By understanding the causes and risk factors for SMS, individuals can take steps to minimize its impact on their space travel experience.

There are several types of joint instability, including:

1. Ligamentous laxity: A condition where the ligaments surrounding a joint become stretched or torn, leading to instability.
2. Capsular laxity: A condition where the capsule, a thin layer of connective tissue that surrounds a joint, becomes stretched or torn, leading to instability.
3. Muscular imbalance: A condition where the muscles surrounding a joint are either too weak or too strong, leading to instability.
4. Osteochondral defects: A condition where there is damage to the cartilage and bone within a joint, leading to instability.
5. Post-traumatic instability: A condition that develops after a traumatic injury to a joint, such as a dislocation or fracture.

Joint instability can be caused by various factors, including:

1. Trauma: A sudden and forceful injury to a joint, such as a fall or a blow.
2. Overuse: Repeated stress on a joint, such as from repetitive motion or sports activities.
3. Genetics: Some people may be born with joint instability due to inherited genetic factors.
4. Aging: As we age, our joints can become less stable due to wear and tear on the cartilage and other tissues.
5. Disease: Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, can cause joint instability.

Symptoms of joint instability may include:

1. Pain: A sharp, aching pain in the affected joint, especially with movement.
2. Stiffness: Limited range of motion and stiffness in the affected joint.
3. Swelling: Swelling and inflammation in the affected joint.
4. Instability: A feeling of looseness or instability in the affected joint.
5. Crepitus: Grinding or crunching sensations in the affected joint.

Treatment for joint instability depends on the underlying cause and may include:

1. Rest and ice: Resting the affected joint and applying ice to reduce pain and swelling.
2. Physical therapy: Strengthening the surrounding muscles to support the joint and improve stability.
3. Bracing: Using a brace or splint to provide support and stability to the affected joint.
4. Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, to reduce pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the damaged tissues and improve joint stability.

Endometritis is a medical condition that affects the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It can cause painful symptoms such as vaginal discharge, fever and abdominal pain. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to clear any infections, hormonal medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing. In severe cases surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.

Endometritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the endometrium, which lines the uterus. Symptoms include vaginal discharge, fever, painful urination, and abdominal pain. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear up any underlying infections, as well as hormonal medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.

Endometritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It can cause a range of symptoms including vaginal discharge, fever, painful urination and abdominal pain. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear up any underlying infections and hormonal medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing. In severe cases surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.

Endometritis is a medical condition that affects the endometrium, which lines the uterus. Symptoms can include vaginal discharge, fever, painful urination, and abdominal pain. Treatment options may involve antibiotics to clear up any underlying infections as well as hormonal medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.

Endometritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the endometrium which lines the uterus. Symptoms can include vaginal discharge fever painful urination and abdominal pain Treatment options may involve antibiotics to clear up any underlying infections as well as hormonal medications to reduce inflammation and promote healing In severe cases surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.

The syndrome is named after the two doctors who first described it in 1929: John P. Mallory and H.C. Weiss. The condition is relatively rare, but it can occur in people of all ages, including children and young adults.

Symptoms of Mallory-Weiss syndrome may include vomiting blood or passing black tarry stools, dizziness or fainting, and shortness of breath. Diagnosis is based on endoscopy, which allows doctors to visualize the inside of the esophagus and stomach and identify any tears or ulcers.

Treatment usually involves endoscopic therapy, such as cautery or sclerotherapy, to close off the bleeding vessel and stop the bleeding. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. The prognosis is generally good if the condition is diagnosed and treated promptly, but in rare cases, it can lead to life-threatening complications such as hypovolemic shock or cardiac arrhythmias.

Prevention of Mallory-Weiss syndrome includes avoiding activities that can cause vomiting or straining during bowel movements, such as excessive alcohol consumption or eating spicy or fatty foods. Medications such as antacids or antiemetic drugs may also be prescribed to help prevent the condition.

In summary, Mallory-Weiss syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening bleeding disorder that can occur when there is a tear in the blood vessel wall in the esophagus or stomach. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if symptoms of the condition are present to prevent complications and ensure prompt treatment.

There are several potential causes of LVD, including:

1. Coronary artery disease: The buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries can lead to a heart attack, which can damage the left ventricle and impair its ability to function properly.
2. Heart failure: When the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs, it can lead to LVD.
3. Cardiomyopathy: This is a condition where the heart muscle becomes weakened or enlarged, leading to impaired function of the left ventricle.
4. Heart valve disease: Problems with the heart valves can disrupt the normal flow of blood and cause LVD.
5. Hypertension: High blood pressure can cause damage to the heart muscle and lead to LVD.
6. Genetic factors: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that predispose them to developing LVD.
7. Viral infections: Certain viral infections, such as myocarditis, can inflame and damage the heart muscle, leading to LVD.
8. Alcohol or drug abuse: Substance abuse can damage the heart muscle and lead to LVD.
9. Nutritional deficiencies: A diet lacking essential nutrients can lead to damage to the heart muscle and increase the risk of LVD.

Diagnosis of LVD typically involves a physical exam, medical history, and results of diagnostic tests such as electrocardiograms (ECGs), echocardiograms, and stress tests. Treatment options for LVD depend on the underlying cause, but may include medications to improve cardiac function, lifestyle changes, and in severe cases, surgery or other procedures.

Preventing LVD involves taking steps to maintain a healthy heart and reducing risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, and obesity. This can be achieved through a balanced diet, regular exercise, stress management, and avoiding substance abuse. Early detection and treatment of underlying conditions that increase the risk of LVD can also help prevent the condition from developing.

There are different types of contractures, including:

1. Scar contracture: This type of contracture occurs when a scar tissue forms and tightens, causing a loss of movement in the affected area.
2. Neurogenic contracture: This type of contracture is caused by nerve damage and can occur after an injury or surgery.
3. Post-burn contracture: This type of contracture occurs after a burn injury and is caused by scarring and tightening of the skin and underlying tissues.
4. Congenital contracture: This type of contracture is present at birth and can be caused by genetic or environmental factors.

Signs and symptoms of contractures may include:

1. Limited range of motion
2. Pain or stiffness in the affected area
3. Skin tightening or shrinkage
4. Deformity of the affected area

Treatment options for contractures depend on the severity and cause of the condition, and may include:

1. Physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength
2. Bracing to support the affected area and prevent further tightening
3. Surgery to release or lengthen the scar tissue or tendons
4. Injections of botulinum toxin or other medications to relax the muscle and improve range of motion.

Esotropia is often diagnosed in children, and it can affect one or both eyes. Treatment for esotropia usually involves glasses or contact lenses to correct vision problems, as well as exercises to strengthen the muscles that control eye movement. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the eyes.

Esotropia can also be associated with other conditions, such as craniosynostosis (a condition where the bones of the skull fuse together too early), or Down syndrome. It is important for parents and caregivers to be aware of the signs of esotropia, such as crossing or turning of the eyes, and to seek medical attention if they suspect that their child may have this condition. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term vision problems and improve the overall quality of life for children with esotropia.

Some common types of spinal diseases include:

1. Degenerative disc disease: This is a condition where the discs between the vertebrae in the spine wear down over time, leading to pain and stiffness in the back.
2. Herniated discs: This occurs when the gel-like center of a disc bulges out through a tear in the outer layer, putting pressure on nearby nerves and causing pain.
3. Spinal stenosis: This is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots, causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the legs.
4. Spondylolisthesis: This is a condition where a vertebra slips out of place, either forward or backward, and can cause pressure on nearby nerves and muscles.
5. Scoliosis: This is a curvature of the spine that can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, injury, or disease.
6. Spinal infections: These are infections that can affect any part of the spine, including the discs, vertebrae, and soft tissues.
7. Spinal tumors: These are abnormal growths that can occur in the spine, either primary ( originating in the spine) or metastatic (originating elsewhere in the body).
8. Osteoporotic fractures: These are fractures that occur in the spine as a result of weakened bones due to osteoporosis.
9. Spinal cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the spine, either as a result of injury or as a congenital condition.
10. Spinal degeneration: This is a general term for any type of wear and tear on the spine, such as arthritis or disc degeneration.

If you are experiencing any of these conditions, it is important to seek medical attention to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

There are different types of myocardial infarctions, including:

1. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI): This is the most severe type of heart attack, where a large area of the heart muscle is damaged. It is characterized by a specific pattern on an electrocardiogram (ECG) called the ST segment.
2. Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI): This type of heart attack is less severe than STEMI, and the damage to the heart muscle may not be as extensive. It is characterized by a smaller area of damage or a different pattern on an ECG.
3. Incomplete myocardial infarction: This type of heart attack is when there is some damage to the heart muscle but not a complete blockage of blood flow.
4. Collateral circulation myocardial infarction: This type of heart attack occurs when there are existing collateral vessels that bypass the blocked coronary artery, which reduces the amount of damage to the heart muscle.

Symptoms of a myocardial infarction can include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and fatigue. These symptoms may be accompanied by anxiety, fear, and a sense of impending doom. In some cases, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all.

Diagnosis of myocardial infarction is typically made based on a combination of physical examination findings, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG), cardiac enzyme tests, and imaging studies like echocardiography or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

Treatment of myocardial infarction usually involves medications to relieve pain, reduce the amount of work the heart has to do, and prevent further damage to the heart muscle. These may include aspirin, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, and statins. In some cases, a procedure such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery may be necessary to restore blood flow to the affected area.

Prevention of myocardial infarction involves managing risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, and obesity. This can include lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress reduction, as well as medications to control these conditions. Early detection and treatment of heart disease can help prevent myocardial infarction from occurring in the first place.

Reciprocal motion Brownian motion (i.e. the random movement of particles) Circular motion Rotatory motion - a motion about a ... vertical accelerated motion Linear motion Circular motion Oscillation Wave Relative motion Fundamental motions Physics portal ... Vibratory motion Combination (or simultaneous) motions - Combination of two or more above listed motions Projectile motion - ... Wikiquote has quotations related to Motion. Feynman's lecture on motion Media related to Motion at Wikimedia Commons ( ...
In 2009, Motion secured $5.6 million in a round of financing from eight investors. That same year, Motion announced that its C5 ... purchased Motion Computing Inc. for $16 million. At the time, Motion was the world's second-leading provider of rugged tablet ... Motion Computing was a developer of slate Tablet PC computers located in Austin, Texas. Motion Computing focused on vertical ... "Motion F5te Tablet PC". Rugged PC Review. Retrieved November 3, 2016. "Motion Enhances Suite of Mobile Solutions for Utility, ...
Motion has said that he wrote to keep his memory of his mother alive. When Motion was about 18 years old he moved away from the ... When Motion was 12 years old, the family moved to Glebe House at Stisted, near Braintree in Essex, where Richard Motion's ... Motion was born on 26 October 1952 in London, to (Andrew) Richard Michael Motion (1921-2006), a brewer at Ind Coope, and ( ... "World of Andrew Motion, poet, novelist and biographer". Philip Larkin: A Writer's Life, Andrew Motion, Faber and Faber, 2018, p ...
Both types of motion may occur in bearings. The relative motion or tendency toward such motion between two surfaces is resisted ... Sliding is a type of frictional motion between two surfaces in contact. This can be contrasted to rolling motion. ... This also follows Newton's first law of motion as there exists a net force on the object. Constant Velocity occurs when there ... Sliding friction (also called kinetic friction) is a contact force that resists the sliding motion of two objects or an object ...
... the outward motion from the soma to the dendrites), while they don't respond well to the centripetal motion (the inward motion ... "global motion" present in a scene. The ability of a subject to detect coherent motion is commonly tested using motion coherence ... Second-order motion produces a weaker motion aftereffect unless tested with dynamically flickering stimuli. The motion ... The motion cues present in the 2D projection will by default be insufficient to reconstruct the motion present in the 3D scene ...
... the stereoscopic motion closely represents its actual motion. Alternatively, the images with the binocular motion stimuli can ... Stereoscopic motion, as it is perceived by the brain, is also referred to as cyclopean motion, and the processing of visual ... This translational motion gives rise to a mental representation of three dimensional motion created in the brain on the basis ... Whereas the motion stimuli as presented to the eyes have a different direction for each eye, the stereoscopic motion is ...
Look up stop-motion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Stop-motion at Curlie an example for an early stop-motion film (1908 ... Also, the film ParaNorman is in 3D stop motion. Another more complicated variation on stop motion is go motion, co-developed by ... Stop motion has very rarely been shot in stereoscopic 3D throughout film history. The first 3D stop-motion short was In Tune ... Stop motion with live actors is often referred to as pixilation. Stop motion of flat materials such as paper, fabrics or ...
There are two types of translatory motions: rectilinear motion; curvilinear motion. Since linear motion is a motion in a single ... so that its motion cannot be described as linear. One may compare linear motion to general motion. In general motion, a ... Linear motion is the most basic of all motion. According to Newton's first law of motion, objects that do not experience any ... Linear motion, also called rectilinear motion, is one-dimensional motion along a straight line, and can therefore be described ...
... was a motion introduced to the Parliament of Canada by Stephen Woodworth, MP for Kitchener Centre, in 2012. M-312 ... opposed Motion 312. Numerous labour unions in Canada opposed Motion 312. This includes the Canadian Union of Public Employees ( ... "Motion 312: How MPs And Ministers Voted". The Huffington Post Canada. Retrieved 2012-10-02. v t e (Articles with short ... "Rally: Stand up for women's right to choose - Oppose Motion M-312". Telecommunications Workers Union. Retrieved 2012-10-02. " ...
The Many 'Motions' of Offense Half Court Sets with Motion Offense Continuity Offense Motion Offense (Basketball strategy, ... A motion offense is a category of offensive scheme used in basketball. Motion offenses use player movement, often as a strategy ... Motion offenses are different from continuity offenses in that they follow no fixed repeating pattern. Instead, a motion ... Knight's motion offense did not truly come to fruition until his time at Indiana. Prior to that, as head coach of Army, he ran ...
These motions are not always called by the name indexing, but the idea is essentially similar: The motion of a retractable ... Indexing is a necessary kind of motion in many areas of mechanical engineering and machining. An object that indexes, or can be ... Indexing in reference to motion is moving (or being moved) into a new position or location quickly and easily but also ... These systems also ultimately physically limit the path for motion, as jigs and other purely mechanical means do; but they do ...
... ". "MaxLinear to Acquire Silicon Motion (May 5, 2022) : MaxLinear Press Releases". Silicon Motion Official Web ... Silicon Motion Technology Corporation was formed as the combination of Silicon Motion, Inc., which was established in 1995 in ... 2007). Silicon Motion Announces Closing of its Acquisition of FCI, Inc.. Taipei: Silicon Motion Technology Corp". "GSA Award ... Taipei: Silicon Motion Technology Corp". "GuruFocus (July 17, 2015). Investors Can Benefit From Silicon Motion's SSD Exposure ...
... may refer to: In Motion (film), a 2002 Russian drama film directed by Filipp Yankovsky In Motion (Copeland album) In ... 1991 In Motion (Joey Yung album) In Motion (Richard Poole, Gary Peacock, and Marilyn Crispell album), 2016 "In Motion" (hide ... song), 2002 "In Motion" (Allday song), 2017 This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title In Motion. If an ...
... Marketwire. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-05-23. Leap Motion, a San Francisco-based motion-control software company ... Leap Motion Controllers were sold by Dick Smith in Australia and New Zealand. The Leap Motion Controller is a small USB ... The Leap Motion Controller was first shipped in July 2013. In February 2016, Leap Motion released a major beta update to its ... "Use Leap Motion with Google Earth". Michael Gorman. "Leap Motion releases Free Form, an app that lets human hands ...
The Pitchess motion is now one of the 15 or 20 most common motions filed in criminal court in California.: p.47 A defendant's ... In California, there is a carefully prescribed procedure governing Pitchess motions. Evidence obtained from one Pitchess motion ... Pitchess Motion Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine A Criminal Defendant's Pitchess Motion Must Be ... A Pitchess motion is a request made by the defense in a California criminal case, such as a DUI case or a resisting arrest case ...
Motion lines in cel animation are drawn in the same direction as motion blur and perform much the same duty. Go motion is a ... Motion blur in photography, Click and Learn Photography Motion Blur Effect, TutorialsRoom Photoshop - Motion Blur, ... motion blur, which typically uses a shader to create a velocity buffer to mark motion intensity for a motion blurring effect to ... that exhibits motion blur during fast motion. This can lead to more perceived motion blurring above and beyond the preexisting ...
The motion aftereffect is believed to be the result of motion adaptation. For example, if one looks at a waterfall for about a ... The illusory upwards movement is the motion aftereffect. This particular motion aftereffect is also known as the waterfall ... The motion aftereffect (MAE) is a visual illusion experienced after viewing a moving visual stimulus for a time (tens of ... The spiral can exhibit outward or inward motion. When one then looks at any stationary pattern, it appears to be moving in the ...
May 1991 E-Motion at E-Motion at Amiga Hall of Light E-Motion at Atari Mania E-Motion at Lemon 64 (All ... E-Motion (also known as Sphericule or The Game of Harmony) is a 1990 puzzle video game developed by The Assembly Line. It was ... The "E" in E-Motion stands for Einstein, and he appears in cover art and advertisements. There is a sequel, Vaxine, a more ... screen Use of shapes instead of colours on the ZX Spectrum avoid color clash The Game of Harmony on Hall of Light E-Motion on ...
... for the apparent motion of objects in a scene caused by the relative motion between an observer and the scene The motion of ... the apparent motion of objects in the sky due to the Earth's rotation on its axis Parallax, the apparent motion of objects due ... an illusion of movement where two or more still images are combined by the brain into surmised motion Illusory motion, the ... Apparent motion may refer to: Aberration of light, an apparent shift in position of celestial objects due to the finite speed ...
Pixar DreamWorks SKG DreamWorks Animation Computer-generated imagery List of animation studios Stop-motion animation "Motion ... Motion Theory held the Guinness World Record for the most internet memes in a music video, 51 featured in Weezer's Pork and ... Motion Theory was an American production company founded on 1 May 2000 by Mathew Cullen and Javier Jimenez. The company was ... In August 2010 Motion Theory moved their company headquarters from Venice, CA to an expanded 25,000-square-foot (2,300 m2) ...
Reactive centrifugal force Reciprocating motion Simple harmonic motion § Uniform circular motion Sling (weapon) Knudsen, Jens M ... Angular momentum Equations of motion for circular motion Time derivative § Example: circular motion Fictitious force ... The equations of motion describe the movement of the center of mass of a body. In circular motion, the distance between the ... The first of Newton's laws of motion states that an object's inertia keeps it in motion, and since the object in the air has a ...
... an envelope is a solid representing all positions which may be occupied by an object during its normal range of motion. Another ...
The hyperbolic motions will be taken to be a composition of three fundamental hyperbolic motions. Let p = (x,y) or p = (r cos a ... 3.11 Hyperbolic motions, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-61325-6, MR2194744 Lars Ahlfors (1967) Hyperbolic Motions, ... The fundamental motions are: p → q = (x + c, y ), c ∈ R (left or right shift) p → q = (sx, sy ), s > 0 (dilation) p → q = ( r − ... Set r = sec a and apply the third fundamental hyperbolic motion to obtain q = (r cos a, r sin a) where r = sec−1a = cos a. Now ...
... of the Earth is the motion of the Earth's rotational axis relative to its crust.: 1 This is measured with respect ... There is now general agreement that the annual component of polar motion is a forced motion excited predominantly by ... Polar motion is observed routinely by space geodesy methods such as very-long-baseline interferometry, lunar laser ranging and ... Both periods superpose, giving rise to a beat frequency with a period of about 5 to 8 years (see Figure 1). This polar motion ...
a Marsden motion, which is the official way to fire an attorney. Although a judge can deny the motion, and chances are he would ... A Marsden motion is a formal request made by a criminal defendant to the court. The court hears arguments on the motion from ... Defendants may present evidence in support of their Marsden motion. Defendants making Marsden motions are often advised by ... A Marsden motion is a unique means by which a criminal defendant can communicate with the court. A criminal defendant who is ...
... may refer to: Motion capture, the process of recording the movement of objects or people Match moving, a ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Motion tracking. If an internal link led you here, you may ... and motion relative to the objects in the shot Video tracking, the process of locating a moving object over time using a camera ... Positional tracking, technology for tracking motion and position of virtual reality and augmented reality devices. ...
In kinematics, the motion of a rigid body is defined as a continuous set of displacements. One-parameter motions can be defined ... In what follows, we deal with the case of rational Bézier motion. The trajectory of a point undergoing rational Bézier motion ... A representation for the rational Bézier motion and rational B-spline motion in the Cartesian space can be obtained by ... methods have been developed for computer-aided design of rational motions. These CAD methods for motion design find ...
... , also known as M-103, was a non-binding motion in the 42nd Canadian Parliament stating that the members of the House ... The motion initially did not receive much attention. Then on January 27, six Muslims were killed in Quebec city and the motion ... The motion was introduced by Iqra Khalid, the Liberal MP representing Mississauga-Erin Mills. The motion passed by a vote of ... "Hundreds rally against motion calling on Canadian government to condemn Islamophobia". "Liberals Back Motion ...
Languages with associated motion present a contrast between association motion and purposive motion verb constructions, as in ... Associated motion is a grammatical category whose main function is to associate a motion component to the event expressed by ... Associated Motion in Chácono (Pano) in Typological Perspective. In: Antoine Guillaume, Harold Koch (eds.): Associated Motion. ( ... with the translocative associated motion prefix ɕ- implies that the buying did take place, while (1) with the motion verb does ...
Motion-detection devices such as PIR motion detectors have a sensor that detects a disturbance in the infrared spectrum. A ... Motion detectors are often integrated components of systems that automatically perform tasks, or alert users of motion in an ... When it is done by natural organisms, it is called motion perception. Motion can be detected by monitoring changes in: Infrared ... More complex algorithms are necessary to detect motion when the camera itself is panning, or when a specific object's motion ...
... are a family of muscular conditions that result from repeated motions performed during the normal work or daily activities. ... What are repetitive motion disorders? Repetitive motion disorders (RMDs) are a family of muscular conditions that result from ... The disorders are caused by too many uninterrupted repetitions of an activity or motion, unnatural or awkward motions such as ... How can I or my loved one help improve care for people with repetitive motion disorders?. Consider participating in a clinical ...
Motion sickness typically occurs after a triggering motion or event. People with motion sickness commonly experience dizziness ... Motion sickness: an overview. Drugs Context. 2019;8:2019-9-4. Priesol AJ. Motion sickness. Deschler DG, editor. Waltham (MA): ... Optimize your position to reduce motion or motion perception (e.g., drive a vehicle instead of riding in it; sit in the front ... Available from: Schmäl F. Neuronal mechanisms and the treatment of motion sickness. ...
Explore how to animate and generate 2D and 3D affects with motion graphics in Adobe After Effects. ... Create After Effects motion graphics templates to use in video editing. After you share your templates via Adobe Creative Cloud ... Customise high-quality motion design templates or create your own to use over and over again in your projects. ... Learn motion graphics and video compositing techniques by animating a VFX flying saucer. Create a handheld camera effect and ...
Browse stop-motion movies on Moviefone
Identities in motion engages with recent trends in Modern Languages research, aiming to be a forum in which to discuss ...
Motion 5 ($50) packs an extraordinary punch for video creators and editors, ... ... Apple Motion 5. By Jeremy Horwitz. May 14, 2021 4:51 pm UTC. ... The key benefit of Motion is ease of use: a completely ... While its hardly the best-known of Apples professional tools, Motion 5 ($50) packs an extraordinary punch for video creators ... and certainly valuable for use with Apples video editing apps-Motion can create standalone 4K, 2K, and web-ready animations ...
Based in New Haven, IN, Cablecraft has a rich history of providing proprietary, highly engineered motion control products to ... Dan Pappano, Chief Executive Officer, CMA commented, "Cablecraft is a preeminent brand in the motion controls market with a ... This transaction brings together two iconic brands in mechanical motion controls creating a global leader in the design and ... Cable Manufacturing & Assembly announced today that it has completed the purchase of Cablecraft Motion Controls ...
Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website ...
In Motion, the duration of a replicator is defined by the duration of the replicator timebar. ... Replicator timing in Motion. After you create a replicator, its duration can be as long or short as necessary, regardless of ... For more information on adjusting the timing of layers in the Timeline, see Intro to the Timeline in Motion. ...
The meaning of PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINE is a device inherently impossible under the law of conservation of energy that can ... Post the Definition of perpetual motion machine to Facebook Facebook Share the Definition of perpetual motion machine on ... "Perpetual motion machine." Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, ...
Hussam Eissa shared a motion design project featuring a retro look mixed with clever use of 3D. If Im Honest is a music video ... If Im Honest Motion Design. Hussam Eissa shared a motion design project featuring a retro look mixed with clever use of 3D. If ...
Over at Motion Math Games, a developer GeekDad has long admired for bringing math to kinesthetic learners, they have put their ... Motion Math: Helping Drive iPad and Education Research. Over at Motion Math Games, a developer GeekDad has long admired for ... Over at Motion Math Games, a developer GeekDad has long admired for bringing math to kinesthetic learners, they have put their ... Disappointingly, there was no exploration of the fact that the design of Motion Math may be critical to its success. This isnt ...
Welcome to Motion Dance Academy, we are a Dance School based in Cambridgeshire. Offering quality dance instruction, graded ... Motion Dance Academy Provided by:. Motion Dance Academy. Welcome to Motion Dance Academy, we are a Dance School based in ... Motion Dance Academy differentiates from its competition by only using top spec dance studios to hold their classes. All ... Motion Dance Academy currently has two venues across Cambridgeshire, Hinchingbrooke School, Huntingdon & Cambourne Village ...
... motion) (GtkWidget *widget, gint x, gint y); Søren *Follow-Ups: *Re: Global motion events *From: Owen Taylor ... motion_handler (GdkWindow window, GdkMotionHandler handler, gpointer data); The motion handler is called whenever the cursor ... Another thing this is needed for is making tooltips possible without relying on widgets having windows and selecting for motion ... Without global motion events, window widgets that didnt select crossing events would make it impossible for the GtkNotebook to ...
div style = text-align: start; line-height: 20.4333px; min-height: 0px; white-space: normal; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Menlo, Monaco, Consolas, monospace; font-style: normal; font-size: 14px; font-weight: 400; text-decoration: rgb(0, 0, 0); white-space: normal; ,,div style=block-size: 21px; display: block; min-width: 0px; padding-block-start: 0px; padding-top: 0px; perspective-origin: 407px 10.5px; transform-origin: 407px 10.5px; vertical-align: baseline; ,,div style=font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 21px; margin-block-end: 9px; margin-block-start: 2px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-inline-end: 10px; margin-inline-start: 4px; margin-left: 4px; margin-right: 10px; margin-top: 2px; perspective-origin: 384px 10.5px; text-align: left; transform-origin: 384px 10.5px; white-space: pre-wrap; margin-left: 4px; margin-top: 2px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-right: 10px; ,,span style=block-size: auto; display: inline; margin-block-end: 0px; margin-block-start: 0px; ...
Get Apple Motion 5 now with the OReilly learning platform.. OReilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by ... Get full access to Apple Motion 5 and 60K+ other titles, with a free 10-day trial of OReilly. ...
Kids in Motion is a socks only place to come and play! Run around and get the wiggles out, be creative in the arts & crafts ... Kids In Motion!. Join us at Kids in Motion in 2017! Kids in Motion is a "socks only" place to come and play! Run around and get ... The target group for Kids In Motion is generally 10 years and under however older-age children who enjoy that type of play are ... Participants at Kids In Motion must wear socks (no shoes) to play in the different areas. There is a separate room for coats ...
The Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture is a Golden Globe Award that was first awarded by the ... Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture. 35 languages *العربية ... Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture. ... "Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2021 ...
Festo Motion Terminal: the first valve controlled by apps. Find out exactly how it works here. ... The Motion Terminal VTEM is the worlds first standardised platform on the market, with valves controlled by Motion Apps. What ... The Motion Terminal functions are implemented using Motion Apps and integrated, flexible and programmable processors. This ... Use the wide variety of freely definable and combinable motions with the Motion Terminal. ...
LG Motion 4G MS770 je androidový smartfón, ktorý vyrábala spoločnosť LG Electronics pre MetroPCS. Predstavený a uvedený bol v ... Zdroj: „" ...
project motion * projectle motion.docx - 1350 kB Download Или можете да ги преземете сите датотеки како компресирани зип архиви ... project motion. Опис Part (I): To show that the time of flight of a horizontal projectile is independent of its initial ... is constant during its motion part(III): 1- To study the relationship between the angle of the projectile (θ) and its range (R ...
The 3 minutes video takes us in and around the car, as well as plenty of in-motion shots. ... The 3 minutes video takes us in and around the car, as well as plenty of in-motion shots. ...
Coherent motion -- RDoC Element. Type of Element: Paradigm. The following construct(s)/subconstruct(s) refer to this element... ... Home , Research , Research Funded by NIMH , Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) , Units of Analysis , Paradigms , Coherent motion. ...
... motion_on_behalf_of_john_doe_for_de_novo_determination_of_dispositive_matter.pdf ... EFFs Motion for De Novo Determination. ... 20_motion_on_behalf_of_john_doe_for_de_novo_determination_of_dispositive_matter.pdf ...
This MATLAB function returns the measurement for a constant turn-rate Kalman filter motion model in rectangular coordinates. ... Create Measurement from Constant Turn-Rate Motion in Rectangular Frame. *Create Measurement from Constant Turn-Rate Motion in ... When specified as a 5-element vector, the state vector describes 2-D motion in the x-y plane. You can specify the state vector ... Define the state of an object in 2-D constant turn-rate motion. The state is the position and velocity in each dimension, and ...
This interactive Spring Motion app allows you to visualize the motion of a spring with or without a cosine forcing function and ... To provide users with a view of the motion of a spring with or without a cosine forcing function and with or without damping ... This app provides a nice visualization the motion of a spring with or without a cosine function and with or without damping. ... Many parameters can be adjusted to simulate the motion of a spring for many different problems, including beats and resonance. ...
Main Blog , Stop-Motion Film Made with Coins Stop-Motion Film Made with Coins ...
... Posted at 5:53 PM, April 19, 2023 and last updated 5:53 PM, April 19, 2023 ... Responding to the motion, the state said nothing the defense argued warranted a change in venue or a selection of a jury from ... WGBA) - During a motion hearing for Taylor Schabusinesss, the woman accused of murder and dismemberment, the judge denied a ... A judge denied a motion from Taylor Schabusiness attorneys to change locations for the trial. (4/19/23) ...
  • Complementary approaches with anecdotal evidence of effectiveness for preventing or treating motion sickness (e.g., acupressure and magnets, ginger, homeopathic remedies, pyridoxine [vitamin B6]) might be effective for individual travelers but cannot generally be recommended (see Sec. 2, Ch. 14, Complementary & Integrative Health Approaches to Travel Wellness ). (
  • Treatment includes reducing or stopping the motions that cause symptoms. (
  • For a complete list of motion sickness-associated signs and symptoms, see Box 8-06 . (
  • Awareness and avoidance of situations that tend to trigger symptoms are the primary defenses against motion sickness. (
  • Being sleep-deprived can worsen motion sickness symptoms. (
  • Most people, in time, notice a reduction in motion sickness symptoms. (
  • Motion sickness - the discomfort experienced when perceived motion disturbs the organs of balance - may include symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pallor, cold sweats, hypersalivation, hyperventilation and headaches. (
  • Potentially, the use of sensors to monitor personal motion could be very cost effective because a lot of person-time (e.g., getting individuals to doctor's offices or medical centers, or having health researchers/professionals going to someone's home) could be saved. (
  • Many parameters can be adjusted to simulate the motion of a spring for many different problems, including beats and resonance. (
  • This program is meant to simulate motion in an EPI time series based only on the motion parameters and an input volume. (
  • This paper explores an approach for extracting scene text ferent random depths, and thus do not satisfy the planar from a sequence of images with relative motion between the constraint. (
  • You can achieve maximum process stability as the Motion Apps always provide exactly the same parameters. (
  • The main action is to take the EPI (motion base) volume and (inverse) warp it according to the motion parameters. (
  • In theory, the result could be run through 3dvolreg to generate a similar set of motion parameters. (
  • Grab the first N (e.g. 6) principle components, and use them along with other motion parameters. (
  • First make the time series orthogonal to the motion parameters, and only then take the first N principle components. (
  • 3dDeconvolve to remove the original motion parameters, and use the resulting errts dataset as input to 3dpc. (
  • The motion model parameters of these planar surfaces are spect to these surface. (
  • 8 called the planar motion model parameters can be expressed sponding to the affine motion model. (
  • Repetitive motion disorders (RMDs) are a family of muscular conditions that result from repeated motions performed during the normal work or daily activities. (
  • Data from a recent study in rats suggest that 3 weeks of modeled manual therapy (MMT) largely prevented the physiological processes and pain that often accompany a repetitive motion injury. (
  • The resulting time series can be used to create regressors of no interest, when trying to regress out motion artifacts (from either task or resting state analysis). (
  • This includes scanner artifacts and head motion. (
  • Although scopolamine (hyoscine) has been used in the treatment and prevention of motion sickness for decades, there have been no systematic reviews of its effectiveness. (
  • Given sufficient stimulus, all people with functional vestibular systems can develop motion sickness. (
  • People with a history of migraines, vertigo, and vestibular disorders are more prone to motion sickness. (
  • Sensory conflict theory (the most widely accepted explanation for motion sickness) proposes that the condition is caused by conflict between the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems, and involves complex neurophysiologic signaling between multiple nuclear regions, neurotransmitters, and receptors. (
  • This initiative seeks to establish the fundamental knowledge base that will lead to the development of clinical test protocols for assessing the vestibular system in vivo during natural motion. (
  • This Program Announcement (PA), Vestibular Reflexes During Natural Motion, is related to the priority area of physical activity fitness, unintentional injuries, occupational health and safety and clinical prevention services. (
  • To assess the effectiveness of scopolamine versus no therapy, placebo, other drugs, behavioural and complementary therapy or two or more of the above therapies in combination for motion sickness in persons (both adults and children) without known vestibular, visual or central nervous system pathology. (
  • Reduce cycle times by up to 70%, for instance with the 'Soft Stop' Motion App. (
  • Impeachcordial comments on A stop-motion fight using laundry. (
  • Specifically, the goal of this project is to determine how the VOR generates compensatory eye movements to maintain binocular fixation on visual targets during the linear, angular and complex head motion associated with daily living. (
  • The key benefit of Motion is ease of use: a completely understandable timeline lets you layer text, objects, and imagery, controlling the sequences in which they appear, animate, and disappear. (
  • For more information on adjusting the timing of layers in the Timeline, see Intro to the Timeline in Motion . (
  • Risk factors for motion sickness include age, sex, preexisting medical conditions, and concurrent medications. (
  • Create a time series that has motion similar to what would include the given motion_file. (
  • For example, the 6 parameter affine model - i.e., with - is frequently used for motion segmentation. (
  • When specified as a 5-element vector, the state vector describes 2-D motion in the x-y plane. (
  • The disorders are caused by too many uninterrupted repetitions of an activity or motion, unnatural or awkward motions such as twisting the arm or wrist, overexertion, incorrect posture, or muscle fatigue. (
  • BOLIVAR, Ohio , Aug. 24, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Cable Manufacturing & Assembly ("CMA"), a Torque Capital Group portfolio company, announced today that it has completed the purchase of Cablecraft Motion Controls ("Cablecraft"), a leading designer and manufacturer of high-performance, critical application mechanical motion control products. (
  • This transaction brings together two iconic brands in mechanical motion controls creating a global leader in the design and manufacture of control cables, linkages, assemblies, actuation systems, and related components. (
  • Experiments on synthetic and clinical data show the importance of image-derived motion on estimating physiologically plausible mechanical properties and the promising performance of our framework. (
  • Motion sickness typically occurs after a triggering motion or event. (
  • Patients with oscillopsia are typically symptomatic during the head motion that accompanies locomotion. (
  • Simpler engineering, commissioning and operation: the Motion Apps with their numerous functions replace up to 50 individual functional components, thus simplifying the design. (
  • With also the FDG-PET and contrast-enhanced CT images, the functional, structural, and motion data are combined for a more patient-specific model. (
  • This workshop will provide discussion about clinical needs and how sensor technologies can be used to monitor personal motion in older and/or disabled persons' everyday lives and monitor how well or not so well they live independently. (
  • Over a 14-day period, adolescents used a novel mobile phone and motion sensor technology to collect more accurate, real-time data about nighttime activities and sleep environments, helping pinpoint specific factors and activities influencing sleep patterns. (
  • Additionally, virtually all students rated Motion Math as fun and that the game helped them learn. (
  • We use the multi-echo ICA denoising method implemented in tedana and additionally removed ICA components that are correlated with head motion, cardiac, and respiratory fluctuations. (
  • The motion handler is called whenever the cursor moves within the window and isn't clipped by a sibling window. (
  • Some prescriptions can worsen motion sickness-associated nausea. (
  • Some people recommend using acupressure or magnets to prevent or treat nausea, although scientific data are lacking on how effective these interventions are for preventing motion sickness. (
  • Without global motion events, window widgets that didn't select crossing events would make it impossible for the GtkNotebook to track the cursor. (
  • Development of this system was challenging and necessitated a series of key decisions around selection of equipment, identification and query of nighttime motion and noise "events" of interest to investigators, and construction of necessary survey instruments. (
  • Pitched as a tool to let you "customize Final Cut Pro titles, transitions, and effects"-and certainly valuable for use with Apple's video editing apps-Motion can create standalone 4K, 2K, and web-ready animations using text, shapes, photos, music, and videos. (
  • Create a measurement from an object undergoing constant turn-rate motion. (
  • Now bioengineers have developed implantable and wearable nanogenerators from special materials that create electrical pulses when compressed by body motions. (
  • Professor Michelle Riconscente, an expert in educational assessment at the University of Southern California, conducted an experimental study to determine whether Motion Math, a fractions game designed for the iPad, iPhone, and iPod, improves students' fractions knowledge and attitudes. (
  • Medications used to prevent and treat motion sickness are thought to work by suppressing the signals that contribute to neural mismatch. (
  • Limited range of motion is a term meaning that a joint or body part cannot move through its normal range of motion. (
  • Based in New Haven, IN , Cablecraft has a rich history of providing proprietary, highly engineered motion control products to market leaders in the heavy truck, engine controls, construction and agriculture industries. (
  • Overall, you can achieve optimum modelling of motions with a highly customised combination of pressure and flow rate and also vary the speed of travel within a working stroke - for example when switching from speed to maximum force in a pressing operation. (
  • The intelligence of the Motion Apps provides numerous options, for example for controlling and analysing related processes - including in networks. (
  • By illustration, when subjects fixate on a target while walking, their VORs must produce compensatory eye movements to stabilize gaze in the face of linear and rotational (pitch) head motion in the vertical plane. (
  • Results show that fifth graders' fractions test scores improved an average of over 15% after playing Motion Math for 20 minutes daily over a five-day period, a significant increase compared to a control group. (
  • It is a rapid and robust reflex system that usually operates synergistically with the slower visual following reflexes to maintain a stable image on the retina over the broad range of trajectories, velocities and frequencies of head motion performed during daily living. (
  • Define the state of an object in 2-D constant turn-rate motion. (
  • State vector for a constant turn-rate motion model in two or three spatial dimensions, specified as a real-valued vector or matrix. (
  • Responding to the motion, the state said nothing the defense argued warranted a change in venue or a selection of a jury from outside the area. (
  • Some of these undiagnosed patients would likely be identified by testing the system under its operational state of free motion. (
  • It's easier than you think to master motion design with After Effects. (
  • Hussam Eissa shared a motion design project featuring a retro look mixed with clever use of 3D. (
  • Hazards In Motion teaches mobile equipment safety for underground miners. (
  • Of course, there will be people who ask questions about the independence of research that has been invested in by an interested company, but nevertheless, we have to start somewhere and hats off to Motion Math Games for taking the initiative and being part of that beginning. (
  • Cablecraft's complementary product portfolio and breadth of customer application knowledge, along with its recognized brand and reputation, make it an ideal fit with our focus to further grow and diversify CMA's ability to provide a broad portfolio of mission-critical motion control solutions to a variety of end markets. (
  • Use the "Leakage diagnostics" Motion App to check your application regularly and identify potential leaks at an early stage. (
  • In consequence, both tumor growth and pancreatic motion contribute to the tumor shape difference observable from images. (
  • Identities in motion' engages with recent trends in Modern Languages research, aiming to be a forum in which to discuss different methodologies and representational practices. (
  • With After Effects, you can make eye-catching motion graphics and visual effects - for social posts and videos that won't be ignored. (
  • returns the measurement for a constant turn-rate Kalman filter motion model in rectangular coordinates. (
  • As images at different time points are used to personalize the tumor growth model, the prediction accuracy may be reduced if such motion is ignored. (
  • While it's hardly the best-known of Apple's professional tools, Motion 5 ($50) packs an extraordinary punch for video creators and editors, particularly given its low price. (
  • The 3 minutes video takes us in and around the car, as well as plenty of in-motion shots. (
  • Travelers can use nonpharmacologic interventions to prevent or treat motion sickness (see Box 8-07 ). (