Female parents, human or animal.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Interaction between a mother and child.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
The interactions between parent and child.
Male parents, human or animal.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Size and composition of the family.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Care of infants in the home or institution.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Educational institutions.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Living facilities for humans.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A household that includes children and is headed by one adult.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.

An analysis of multiple misplaced parental social contingencies. (1/1186)

This study analyzed the training of a mother to modify five subclasses of her attention to her young child's noncompliance with instructions, and also displayed the changes in her child's behavior correlated with these events. Training in four subclasses consisted of teaching the mother to withhold various forms of social attention to her daughter's undesired behavior; training in the fifth subclass involved introduction of a brief room-timeout procedure for noncompliance. The effectiveness of the parent-training procedure, consisting of initial instructions and daily feedback, was demonstrated through a multiple-baseline design across the five subclasses of parent behavior. Sequential decreased in the first three subclasses of the mother's social attention to undesired child behavior resulted in incomplete improvements in some child responses; however, a decrease in the fourth subclass resulted in a significant increase in undesired child behavior. Complete remediation of all child behaviors was achieved following the training of a timeout procedure for noncompliance. Postchecks conducted up to 16 weeks later showed that these effects were durable.  (+info)

Mothering to death. (2/1186)

Three families are described in which the healthy only child was, from early childhood, put to bed and treated as if ill, dependent, and incapable. This abnormal mothering continued for 28, 45, and 48 years, respectively, and the children died as disabled adults. In each case, the three mothers evaded medical, educational, and social services. The origins of their behaviour are examined, and the links with more common forms of separation anxiety, school refusal, and perceived and factitious illness are discussed.  (+info)

Acute childhood diarrhoea and maternal time allocation in the northern central Sierra of Peru. (3/1186)

Interventions to improve child health depend, at least implicitly, on changing maternal knowledge and behaviour and a reallocation of maternal time. There have been few studies, however, of the time cost involved in the adoption of new health technologies and even fewer that examine changes in maternal activities in response to child illness. The present study examines maternal daytime activities and investigates changes that occur when children are ill. We examine the impact of acute childhood diarrhoea episodes on the activity patterns of the mother/caretaker in this setting. The results show that mothers alter their usual activity patterns only slightly in response to acute diarrhoea episodes in their children. They continue to perform the same variety of activities as when the children are healthy, although they are more likely to perform them with the child 'carried' on their back. There is some indication that diarrhoea perceived to be more severe did result in the mother acting as caretaker more frequently. These findings have important implications for health interventions that depend on changing the amount of maternal or caretaker time spent for child health technologies, but the implications may vary depending on the reasons for the observed lack of changes in caretaker activities.  (+info)

Like mother, like daughter: familial patterns of overweight are mediated by mothers' dietary disinhibition. (4/1186)

BACKGROUND: Obese parents are more likely to have obese children. Parents provide both the genes and eating environment for their children and familial patterns of adiposity are the result of gene-environment interactions. Environmental factors are implicated in the rapid increases in prevalence of childhood overweight that have occurred in the past 2 decades. Examination of aspects of the family environment may provide insight into increases in childhood overweight over time. OBJECTIVE: We examined parental characteristics associated with overweight and eating behaviors in preschool children. DESIGN: Seventy-five preschool children and their parents were recruited from local daycare centers. Information was obtained on parents' body mass indexes (BMIs), dietary restraint, and dietary disinhibition. A behavioral index of disinhibited eating in children was used to measure children's eating when given free access to palatable snack foods in the absence of hunger. Children's weight-for-height values were also calculated. RESULTS: Maternal dietary disinhibition (R2 = 0.35, P < 0.01) and maternal BMI (R2 = 0.19, P < 0.05) positively predicted daughters' overweight. Maternal disinhibition (R2 = 0.35, P < 0.05) mediated the relation between mothers' BMI and daughters' overweight when both maternal disinhibition and maternal BMI were used to predict daughters' overweight. Furthermore, when both mothers' disinhibition and daughters' free access intakes were used to predict daughters' overweight, mothers' disinhibition (P < 0.05) showed independent prediction. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that familial influences on child overweight differ according to parent and child sex. Also, these results suggest that mothers' dietary disinhibition mediates familial similarities in degree of overweight for mothers and daughters.  (+info)

Age and gender variation in the impact of household structure on elderly mortality. (5/1186)

BACKGROUND: There is little information about the impact of household structure and composition on elderly mortality in developing countries. This study examines the impact of relationship to head of household, and the presence of co-resident spouses and sons on elderly mortality in rural Bangladesh with a particular focus on age and gender differences. METHODS: A total of 9365 individuals aged > or = 60 at baseline (5128 males and 4237 females) in the Matlab Surveillance area in rural Bangladesh were followed for a period of 8 years (1974-1982) with all predictors (the presence of a spouse, one or more co-resident adult sons, relationship to head of household, household economic status, age and disability status) being measured at the beginning of follow-up. Cox proportional hazard models were used in the analysis. RESULTS: Being the head of household had a significant impact on reducing elderly mortality for both men and women. The presence of a spouse reduced mortality for all elderly men but had a significant beneficial impact only on women whose husbands were heads of households. Finally the presence of one or more co-resident adult sons reduced mortality for elderly women but not for elderly men. For all three of the above predictors there was a decline in effect with the age of the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: Relationship to head of household and the presence of spouses and sons have powerful impacts on reducing mortality for elderly men and women in rural Bangladesh with the effects varying significantly by gender and age. Furthermore, individual rather than joint access to material resources is an important determinant of elderly mortality.  (+info)

A comparison of correlates of cigarette smoking behavior between Jiangxi province, China and Japanese high school students. (6/1186)

We conducted surveys on cigarette smoking among junior and senior high school students in Jiangxi province, China and throughout Japan using the same anonymous, self-administered questionnaire in order to compare correlates of adolescent smoking between the two areas. Cross-sectional surveys were used to measure smoking behavior and correlates in two samples of 57,566 Japanese students and 11,836 Jiangxi students. The correlate on smoking with the highest relative risk was friend's smoking in both sexes in each area. The magnitude of the relative risk was bigger for Japanese students. The relative risk of the variable that a student doesn't think cigarette smoking harms his/her health was higher among Jiangxi students than among Japanese students. Mother's smoking and sister's smoking were significantly related to smoking experiment of Japanese students. In Japan, important measures are to support students getting coping techniques against peer pressure and to elevate concern toward adolescent smoking among family members and society. In Jiangxi, the anti-smoking education to teach students to correctly recognize the harm of smoking to their health is more important.  (+info)

Rational service planning in pediatric primary care: continuity and change in psychopathology among children enrolled in pediatric practices. (7/1186)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the stability of the occurrence of psychiatric disorders in a nonpsychiatric sample of young children. METHOD: There were 510 children ages 2-5 years enrolled through pediatric practices, with 391 children participating in the second wave, and 344 in the third wave of data collection 42-48 months later. The assessment battery administered at each wave yielded best-estimate consensus DSM-III-R diagnoses and dimensional assessments of psychopathology. RESULTS: The prevalence of disruptive disorders (DDs) decreased, while emotional disorders (EDs), other disorders, and comorbid DD increased. The DDs were associated with lower family cohesion, more maternal negative affect, stressful life events, and male gender. Comorbid DDs were associated with increasing age and family cohesion. Older children, lower family cohesion, and maternal negative affect were associated with EDs. Time trends for the dimensional assessment of psychopathology was similar to DSM-III-R disorders, but correlates differed. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss implications for service planning in pediatric primary care.  (+info)

Behavioral screening in well-child care: validation of the Toddler Behavior Screening Inventory. (8/1186)

OBJECTIVE: To provide additional normative and validity data on the TBSI, especially to examine differences in clinical and nonclinical samples. METHODS: The sample included 312 nonclinical and 50 clinical mothers of toddlers. Clinical participants consisted of mothers of toddlers who had been referred for outpatient psychological services. Mothers completed the TBSI, a 40-item behavioral screening measure for children 12 to 41 months old. The measure assesses frequency in which the behaviors occur and whether the mothers perceived the behaviors as problematic. In addition to the TBSI, mothers also completed several measures of maternal distress and social support. RESULTS: The findings support the reliability and validity of the TBSL. In addition, the study found that TBSI scores effectively discriminated clinical from nonclinical participants. CONCLUSIONS: The TBSI is a promising behavioral screening instrument that can be easily incorporated into a medical practice.  (+info)

Free Essay: The Impact a Mother-Child Relationship Has On Identity As our individual lives progress we learn that the choices we make contribute to who we...
Mothers who are physically and/or psychologically dependent upon alcohol and drugs are at risk for a wide range of parenting deficits beginning when their children are infants and continuing as their children move through school-age and adolescent years. Behavioral parent training programs for drug dependent mothers have had limited success in improving mother-child relationships or childrens psychosocial adjustment. One reason behavioral parenting programs may have had limited success is the lack of attention to emotional aspects of the mother-child relationship, including (1) mothers recognition of their childrens emotional needs and (2) mothers capacity to respond sensitively to their childrens emotional cues. Research on attachment suggests that the emotional quality of the early mother-child relationship has important implications for many developmental capacities, including emotional and behavior regulation in early years, and social competence academic achievement in school-aged and ...
The goal of this follow up study is to understand the development, stability and change of mother child interaction dynamics in the first two years of life and to stimulate research into the mechanisms underlying this developmental trajectories. Particularly it will be investigated how different aspects such as maternal state of mind, reflective functioning, maternal responsiveness to the child and sensitivity are carried out in the intersubjective experience of mother-child relationship and contribute to shape the child development. The innovative and relevant contribution of the project relies in the possibility to follow over time the interaction of the dimensions cited above. This, for two main reasons: first, for the importance of monitoring and evaluating, in crucial phases in the development of intersubjectivity, how specific indicators, individual and / or relational, emerge and interact within the mother-child relationship; secondly, a longitudinal survey would provide an opportunity to ...
Research on maternal involvement with a handicapped child has frequently focused on discrete behaviours rather than on more general aspects of the interaction, although it has been suggested that the quality and sensitivity of maternal involvement may be more salient to the development of the child. While it is clear that characteristics of both mother and child influence the
Bodily movements are an essential component of social interactions. However, the role of movement in early mother-infant interaction has received little attention in the research literature. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between automatically extracted motion features and interaction quality in mother-infant interactions at 4 and 13 months. The sample consisted of 19 mother-infant dyads at 4 months and 33 mother-infant dyads at 13 months. The coding system Coding Interactive Behavior (CIB) was used for rating the quality of the interactions. Kinetic energy of upper-body, arms and head motion was calculated and used as segmentation in order to extract coarse- and fine-grained motion features. Spearman correlations were conducted between the composites derived from the CIB and the coarse- and fine-grained motion features. At both 4 and 13 months, longer durations of maternal arm motion and infant upper-body motion were associated with more aversive interactions, i.e.
This article examines whether preterm newborns behavior and their mothers adjustment to the premature birth and infant hospitalization have an influence on subsequent infant development and behavior, maternal adjustment, and mother-infant relationship. The behavioral competencies of 42 well, singleton preterm infants (mean gestational age=31 weeks) were assessed, as were their mothers adjustment (depression and coping) and competencies (knowledge of child development). At 12 months of postnatal age, child competencies (development and behavior) were assessed, together with maternal adjustment (parenting stress and depression). Mother-infant interaction also was observed. Regression analyses indicated that in the newborn period, maternal positive reappraisal and a planful coping style, more knowledge of child development, and previous experience with baby-sitting were associated with better infant development (p=.002), maternal adjustment (p=.012), and mother-child relationship (p=.002) at 12 ...
Maternal postnatal depression (PND) is a major public health issue: it affects around 13% of mothers, and compared to children of non-depressed mothers, the children of mothers with PND are more likely to have learning, behavioural and attachment problems. Treating maternal depression alone does not improve child outcome. An intervention focusing on mother-child interactions is needed to promote these childrens development. We aim to examine whether, in the context of PND, a treatment to enhance mother-child interactions leads to improved child outcome. Furthermore, since treatment can be targeted at critical aspects of functioning, a treatment study provides an opportunity to examine potential causal factors in determining child outcome. Thus, this study will focus treatment on improving three key parenting capacities that are known to be compromised in PND, and examine whether this improves childrens outcomes ...
Or think of the literature on child development. Ninety-nine percent of articles about parenting are about the mothers, and the vast majority of those look at what mothers are doing wrong (not enough breast-feeding, not enough bonding, too much bonding, too much fatty food cooked for the children, the cooking always assumed to be the mothers responsibility, bad mother-child relationships as the cause of childhood depression etc etc.) And the later popular-psychology pieces are still very often about bad mothers and how they messed up their children. Think of the Mommy Dearest branch of memoirs. Think also of the Control Of The Bad Mother movement! This begins before the child is even born ...
The mother-child relationship has always carried a lot of weight. Now researchers say some obese teens might be in essence, carrying the weight of their relationship with their mothers when they were younger.
Despite the occasional bumps, these mother-daughter teams cherish the time they get to spend together running successful businesses. Here are the top 10 mother-daughter businesses.
Mothers play such an important role in all of our lives, they welcome us into the most sacred space there is - their womb (although there are many types of mother-child relationships, including adoptive ones) - they nurture us, mold and shape us emotionally through their connection and interactions with us. Given that our sense of self is often built by the kind of relationship we have with our Mother, who is normally our primary carer, it is important to understand what people refer to as the
Scientists have already found a number of benefits to breastfeeding ones babies and a new study by researchers at Oxford University and the Institute for Social and Economic Research at Essex University has found that an increase in childrens intelligence could be another. The researchers studied more than 10,000 children from the Bristol area and found that those who were breastfed for at least the first four weeks of life performed better, by an average of three to five points, on IQ tests at five, seven, 11 and 14. The researchers thought that the difference could be due to either long-chain fatty acids in breast milk which help the brain to develop or to the stronger mother-child relationship formed during breastfeeding ...
Feeling of electrical shocks and pain in your legs. Do some gardening and pottery as it will give you the chance to be in touch with the earth. If the root chakra is blocked, you can be certain that other chakras are going to be out of alignment in their proper functioning. Low back pain, groin, pelvic, and/or hip pain Leg and feet pain Feeling of electrical shocks and pain in your legs People with dysfunctional Muladhara can be abusive, depressed and/or deprived of the joys of life. (Symptoms of Blocked Chakras) When your Root Chakra is blocked you may experience… Feeling stuck and sluggish; Stress due to over-reliance on external circumstances; Persistent financial problems; Feeling that you have been abandoned by your parents; … I wanted to go over some symptoms that might alert you to a root chakra blockage. Childhood trauma; Poor mother-child relationship; Impatience; Financial difficulties; Poverty; Physical abuse; Physical neglect; Fear of change; Selfishness; Warning Signs of a ...
Zhang, G., Kashimshetty, R., Kwee, E.N., Heng, B.T., Foong, M.Y. (2006). Exit from mitosis triggers Chs2p transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to mother-daughter neck via the secretory pathway in budding yeast. Journal of Cell Biology 174 (2) : 207-220. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb. ...
Encouragement and praise can come in many forms, and some ways are better for child development than others. Researchers at the University of Chicago and Stanford University who studied mother-child interactions over the course of several years found that the type of praise children receive affec...
Encouragement and praise can come in many forms, and some ways are better for child development than others. Researchers at the University of Chicago and Stanford University who studied mother-child interactions over the course of several years found that the type of praise children receive affec...
Associations between maternal depressive symptoms and risk for offspring early-life psychopathology: the role of genetic and non-genetic mechanisms - Line C. Gjerde, Espen M. Eilertsen, Laurie J. Hannigan, Thalia Eley, Espen Røysamb, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Fruhling V. Rijsdijk, Tom A. McAdams, Eivind Ystrom
Two Swedish women have received new wombs donated by their mothers in the first mother-to-daughter uterine transplants, officials said.
From cooking to shopping to spa days, traveling to volunteering, these activities can be done whether your daughter is younger, growing up fast or on her own
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In this next series of posts, Im going to take scenes from a number of films to explore various aspects of mother-daughter relationships. It can be helpful to take stock of how we were mothered, how weve complied with and/or rebelled against the woman who raised us (or was supposed to and didnt). Also it is useful to identify the beliefs and messages that get handed down to us ...
When I decided to take a special mother-daughter trip before baby #5 arrived on the scene this summer, I needed a place where I felt comfortable to ride some of the rides or have more pregnant-friendly activities. Enter SeaWorld!
Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent-child interaction and a secure parent-child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent-child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was
Alastair Macdonald is Emeritus Professor of Clinical Outcomes Research at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at Kings College London.. Lucy Stephenson is Clinical Research Associate, Mental Health and Justice Project at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at Kings College London.. Psychiatric Mother and Baby Inpatient Units (MBUs) are preferred by patients and clinicians. MBUs provide specialist in-patient care for mothers who experience severe mental illness (SMI) without separation from their baby. There are only 17 such units in the UK, although more are now planned. Such investment needs to be justified by measurement of outcomes - for mothers and infants. We set out to describe maternal clinical outcomes, mother-infant interaction outcomes and their relationship in patients admitted to one MBU over 32 months in South London. The unit provided an individualised treatment programme from the multidisciplinary team, including nursery nurses. Care ...
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mother-child dyads as a flexible function of child age and account for the potential moderating role of maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors. Using prospective, self-report data collected yearly from 413 mother-child dyads (210 mother-son dyads and 203 mother-daughter dyads) between child ages 12-17, the results indicate that the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on daughters depressive symptoms steadily increases throughout adolescence whereas the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on sons depressive symptoms is relatively small, stable, and non-significant during mid-adolescence before increasing in effect in later adolescence ...
Maternal sub-threshold and non-clinical depression and its possible outcomes on offspring internalizing/externalizing symptoms has received growing attention in recent years because of its significant worldwide prevalence. Through a Latent State-Trait Analysis approach (LST), this longitudinal study aimed to identify a stable component of non-clinical maternal depression across a temporal interval of 6 years (measured through the Symptom Check-List-90/R) and to determine the effect of this component on childrens emotional and behavioral functioning (measured through the Child Behaviour Check-List) at age 12 years. LST analysis showed that maternal depressive symptoms tended to remain stable within individuals across 6 years of observation strongly contributing to childrens internalizing/externalizing and dysregulation symptoms. The current longitudinal analysis of maternal and child data revealed that a stable component of maternal depressive symptoms reliably predicted a wide range of child emotional
To accomplish a smooth transition in conversation from one speaker to the next, a tight coordination of interaction between speakers is required. Recent studies of adult conversation suggest that this close timing of interaction may well be a universal feature of conversation. In the present paper, we set out to assess the development of this close timing of turns in infancy in vocal exchanges between mothers and infants. Previous research has demonstrated an early sensitivity to timing in interactions (e.g. Murray & Trevarthen, 1985). In contrast, less is known about infants abilities to produce turns in a timely manner and existing findings are rather patchy. We conducted a longitudinal study of twelve mother-infant dyads in free-play interactions at the ages of 3, 4, 5, 9, 12 and 18 months. Based on existing work and the predictions made by the Interaction Engine Hypothesis (Levinson, 2006), we expected that infants would begin to develop the temporal properties of turn-taking early in ...
A new study suggests that lack of purpose in life in emerging adulthood may be related to parent-child (especially mother-child) conflicts.
These words really hit me where it hurt as I realized I would never have that mother-daughter bond that I had with my own mother growing up. I would never be able to experience braiding my daughters hair before school, or helping her through her first period. There would be no advice to give about boys or a shoulder to cry on when he breaks her heart for the first time. From here on out, I was only ever going to be a boy mom and I wasnt sure if I would ever be okay with that.. It wasnt until I talked with a good friend of mine, who reminded me that she doesnt have a relationship with her mother at all, that I snapped out of this daughter-less fog I was going through. I started to realize that not every mother-daughter bond consists of shopping, tea parties, and dress-up.. While I may have a good relationship with my own mother, that might not be the case if I had a daughter of my own. The two of us could end up being completely opposite of one another as she grows up closer to her father ...
GDM/GIGT pregnancies led to increased conversion to GI in mothers, minimal in daughters. Case daughters have increased risk of central adiposity and insulin resistance, whereas maternal obesity strongly predicted daughters BMI percentile and per cent of body fat. Controlling hyperglycaemia in pregn …
In an Instagram post Thursday, Serena Williams shared a sweet photo with her daughter Alexis Olympia, where she shares the significance of braiding her hair.
Borge, Anne Inger Helmen; Samuelsen, Sven Ove & Rutter, Michael (2001). Observer variance within families: confluence among maternal, paternal and child ratings. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. ISSN 1049-8931. 10(1), s 11- 22 Vis sammendrag This paper examines pattern of agreement among different informants within the same family in order to determine the effects of maternal distress on the ratings of mothers and fathers. Mothers, fathers and children from a community cohort of 216 families with 13 to 15 year olds reported childrens difficulties and strenghts measured by the Rutter Revised Scale. The absolute scores on the childrens ratings were higher than those of the fathers and mothers. The odds ratios for agreements between fathers and children ranged between 1.70 and 4.01 and for mother-child agreement between 0.83 to 3.40. There were no significant differences between the mothers and fathers in the extent of their agreement with their children. When mothers ...
Humans are hard-wired to form enduring bonds with others. One of the primary bonds across the mammalian species is the mother-infant bond. Evolutionarily speaking, it is in a mothers best interest to foster the well-being of her child; however, some mothers just seem a bit more maternal than others do.
Humans are hard-wired to form enduring bonds with others. One of the primary bonds across the mammalian species is the mother-infant bond. Evolutionarily speaking, it is in a mothers best interest to foster the well-being …
Participants and Intervention: MLH (n = 339) and their school-age children (n = 259) were randomly assigned to receive 1) an intervention of 16 sessions in a cognitive-behavioral, small-group format; or 2) control. MLH and their children were compared to non-HIV-affected families recruited at shopping markets. Participant retention was high: 84% at 6 months, 83% at 12 months, and 78% at 18 months ...
In 1972 psychologist Ed Tronick first did the still-face experiment that forever changed our understanding of the parent-child bond and how our childhood experiences influence the success or failure of our adult relationships. Find out why 12 million people have found these two minutes life-changing. In the video, you will experience a healthy mother-child bond ...
Confronting painful childhood experiences is something many people resist, including those with complicated mother-daughter relationships.
Here are 10 mother-daughter model duos inspired by Charlotte Gainsbourgs new Comptoir des Cotonniers campaign starring her daughter, Alice Attal.
A mother-daughter duo making heavily scented 100% soy candles with unique jewelry inside including necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and hand painted charms.
The Corometrics 250cx Series Monitor delivers effective, efficient maternal and fetal monitoring with your patients comfort in mind. Learn more.
The latest news and events from Mr. Lube, Canada's leading auto maintenance service provider. See our latest news and events.
Wow-this beautiful handmade mother (daughter) nature costume was an ever evolving concept. Each year, my husband and I are faced with the challenge of top
The killing of Alison Galvani's mother was never solved. She hopes to persuade prosecutors to file charges - against her father.
Picture of Close up caring African American mother holding child hands, showing love and support, black mum comforting, caressing kid, children protection concept, family enjoying moment together stock photo, images and stock photography. Image 123628441.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neighborhood Cohesion as a Buffer Against Hostile Maternal Parenting. AU - Silk, Jennifer S.. AU - Sessa, Frances M.. AU - Morris, Amanda Sheffield. AU - Steinberg, Laurence. AU - Avenevoli, Shelli. PY - 2004/3/1. Y1 - 2004/3/1. N2 - This study explored the moderating effects of childrens neighborhoods on the link between hostile parenting and externalizing behavior. Participants were 1st- or 2nd-grade children in an urban northeastern community. Children were administered the Parenting and Neighborhood scales of the Child Puppet Interview, and mothers completed questionnaires on neighborhood quality and parenting practices. Census tract measures of neighborhood quality and teachers reports of childrens externalizing behavior also were obtained. Results indicated that childrens and mothers perceptions of neighborhood involvement-cohesion buffered the link between hostile parenting and externalizing problems. Childrens externalizing behavior was unrelated to census tract ...
Healthcare professionals and mothers perceptions of factors that influence decisions to breastfeed or formula feed infants: a comparative study / Amy, Brown; Peter, Raynor ...
Parental depressive symptoms as a risk factor for child depressive symptoms; testing the social mediators in internationally adopted ...
This longitudinal investigation examined the effects of maternal depression and concomitant negative parenting behaviors on childrens emotion regulation patterns and socioemotional functioning. One h
Background: A tradition of separation of the mother and baby after birth still persists in many parts of the world, including some parts of Russia, and often is combined with swaddling of the baby. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction of practices used in the delivery and maternity wards, including practices relating to mother-infant closeness versus separation.. Methods:A total of 176 mother-infant pairs were randomized into four experimental groups: Group I infants were placed skin-to-skin with their mothers after birth, and had rooming-in while in the maternity ward. Group II infants were dressed and placed in their mothers arms after birth, and roomed-in with their mothers in the maternity ward. Group III infants were kept in the nursery both after birth and while their mothers were in the maternity ward. Group IV infants were kept in the nursery after birth, but roomed-in with their mothers in the maternity ward. Equal ...
An April report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta found that African American mothers, who are less likely than white or Latina women to breastfeed, have reversed that trend and are now doing so in impressive numbers. Sixty-five percent of black women have nursed their infants at some point. This compares to a 36 percent rate 14 years ago. Still, only 20 percent of black mothers reach the governments target goal of exclusively breastfeeding when their infants are six months old. Breastfeeding can help address health problems that plague both African American mothers and infants alike. Breastfeeding is the most natural and beneficial way to strengthen your babys immune system and provide the best possible nutrition for yourself, as a mother, and your baby. «Read the rest of this article». ...
A high gloss ethnic greeting card adorned with a floral design and a heart with the words Grandma, Youre So Special! on the cover. View it online today!
SAN DIEGO (KUSI) -A local woman is teaching parents about positive parenting which is a type of parenting that allows parents and children to nurture their attachment bond while still managing typical and difficult behaviors that are common in all children.. All techniques are rooted in attachment and child development so they are positive in nature and help the child develop self-esteem, respect, and social skills while also learning to follow family and social rules and expectations. There is no spanking or yelling in this approach to parenting, said Early Childhod and Family Therapist, Cara Fairfax.. Class dates are: 8/10/19 9-4 in La Mesa. For more information click here.. ...
TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Babies of mothers with anxiety or depression can have significantly higher heart rates than normal, a new study finds.. And this might put them at risk for long-term problems, researchers say.. Mother-infant interaction plays a crucial role in childrens healthy development, but moms with depression, anxiety or postnatal depression may be emotionally distant from their infants, the German researchers said in background notes.. We found that if a mother was anxious or depressed, their baby had a more sensitive physiological response to stress during the test than did the babies of healthy mothers, said researcher Fabio Blanco-Dormond, of the University of Heidelberg.. In this preliminary study, researchers assessed 50 mothers and their babies. They found that when an anxious or depressed mother withheld affection, her infants heart rate rose to an average of eight beats a minute more than that of infants of healthy mothers.. To our knowledge this is ...
TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Babies of mothers with anxiety or depression can have significantly higher heart rates than normal, a new study finds.. And this might put them at risk for long-term problems, researchers say.. Mother-infant interaction plays a crucial role in childrens healthy development, but moms with depression, anxiety or postnatal depression may be emotionally distant from their infants, the German researchers said in background notes.. We found that if a mother was anxious or depressed, their baby had a more sensitive physiological response to stress during the test than did the babies of healthy mothers, said researcher Fabio Blanco-Dormond, of the University of Heidelberg.. In this preliminary study, researchers assessed 50 mothers and their babies. They found that when an anxious or depressed mother withheld affection, her infants heart rate rose to an average of eight beats a minute more than that of infants of healthy mothers.. To our knowledge this is ...
Studies have demonstrated a strong relation between adult attachment security, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and infant security, using the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). This suggests that a mothers representations of attachment may influence the development of her infants attac …
We should not only measure childrens growth by their height and weight, but also need to use age-based developmental milestones in evaluating how they play, learn, speak and act. A delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem. The earlier its recognized the more parents can do to help children reach their full potential.. Positive parenting for 0- to 1-year-old. Child safety first. It is parents responsibility to ensure a safe environment for the baby. Here are a few tips to keep the baby safe during his or her first year of life.. ...
A very blunt look at the breakdown between secure attachment and insecure attachment categories - there is NOTHING more important to understand when it comes to being human!
An overview of Positive Parenting Strategies for raising children through positive approaches Education presentation by svittoatmuskegonisd.org
PHILADELPHIA - Not a lot of people noticed it amid all the hubbub surrounding Bill Clintons speech to the Democratic.. We performed intravascular ultrasonography in 502 patients with angiographically documented coronary disease. Patients were randomly assigned to receive moderate.. Role Reversal? Relationship Dynamics? This is a hypothetical situation. Supposing a girl gets a big job and the guy loses his and ends part time. And supposing she.. A role-reversal in t. , Psychoanalytic theorists have noted a particular dynamic in the mother-infant relationship in which the emotional needs of the mother predominate. When this situation occurs, the emotional needs of the infant may go unmet, resulting in impaired self-development.. Parent-child role-confusion, also known as role reversal or parentification, refers to a variety of ways in which a child may be pressured to assume functions in the relationship usually assumed by the parent (Boszormenyi-Nagy & Krasner, 1986; Jurkovic, 1997). Our choice ...
Sethna, V., Pote, I., Wang, S., Gudbrandsen, M., Blasi, A., McCusker, C., Daly, E., Perry, E., Adams, K. P. H., Kuklisova-Murgasova, M., Busuulwa, P., Lloyd-Fox, S., Murray, L., Johnson, M. H., Williams, S. C. R., Murphy, D. G. M., Craig, M. C. and McAlonan, G. M. (2017) Mother-infant interactions and regional brain volumes in infancy: an MRI study. Brain Structure and Function, 222 (5). pp. 2379-2388. ISSN 1863-2661 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-016-1347-1 ...
ADHD is growing in prevalence, but we are still no nearer to understanding why it occurs. New research asks whether maternal depression might be the key.
Some experts suspect that there is a genetic susceptibility to autism.[14][15][16][17][18] The genetics of this condition are not fully understood; perhaps caused by complex interactions between multiple genes which would account for the spectrum like differences in the severity of many cases [19][20] Simon Baron-Cohen, director of the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge (U.K.) says that males and females are hardwired for different behavior, with boys tending to be stronger at mechanics, categorizing and systemizing information, mathematics, etc. and girls stronger at emotionalizing and empathizing. He has proposed that autism is merely an extreme version of the male brain type, in which the (female) urge to empathize is nearly absent and the brain is almost entirely hardwired for the (male) tasks of systemizing.[21] Leo Kanner in a 1949 paper identified parental coldness and a lack of maternal warmth in the parents of autistic children, leading to the term refrigerator ...
Some experts suspect that there is a genetic susceptibility to autism.[14][15][16][17][18] The genetics of this condition are not fully understood; perhaps caused by complex interactions between multiple genes which would account for the spectrum like differences in the severity of many cases [19][20] Simon Baron-Cohen, director of the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge (U.K.) says that males and females are hardwired for different behavior, with boys tending to be stronger at mechanics, categorizing and systemizing information, mathematics, etc. and girls stronger at emotionalizing and empathizing. He has proposed that autism is merely an extreme version of the male brain type, in which the (female) urge to empathize is nearly absent and the brain is almost entirely hardwired for the (male) tasks of systemizing.[21] Leo Kanner in a 1949 paper identified parental coldness and a lack of maternal warmth in the parents of autistic children, leading to the term refrigerator ...
Linda frets that Louise doesnt like her and, to Louises chagrin, forces her to attend a Mother-Daughter seminar to beef up their relationship. Meanwhile, with Linda gone, Tina asks Bob to indulge in his feminine side and teach her to shave her legs.
Parents have an important job. Raising kids is both rewarding and challenging. Being sensitive, responsive, consistent, and available to your kids can help you build positive, healthy relationships.
I need help reviewing the following article: Ainsworth, M.S., & Bell, S.M. (1970). Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41(1), 49-67.
In 1972 psychologist Ed Tronick first did the still-face experiment that forever changed our understanding of the parent-child bond and how our childhood experiences influence the success or failure of our adult relationships. Find out why 12 million people have found these two minutes life-changing. In the video, you will experience a healthy mother-child bond ...
Fall TV Report Card: How are the new shows doing?. I think you can laugh the hardest when you get closest to something real, Kennedy tells TVGuide.com. I personally dont laugh that much when I dont think the situation is going deep enough into something I identify with. ... I have family members who have been through this.. On Mondays episode, viewers also learn about Marjories strained relationship with her son, who has no interest in seeing her or hearing about her health problems. I think when you hurt a child because youre an addict, thats a bad hurt because nobody else can stand in for you as a parent, Kennedy says. Can you repair that? Thats the question. And as long as theres life, theres hope.. Marjorie, a friend-turned-enemy-turned-friend-again of Bonnies who meets Christy (Anna Faris) through AA meetings, is the stable one when compared to the mother-daughter pair, with 32 years of sobriety under her belt. Will the new information find her character also relapsing? ...
A designer barn, some pampering, and the chance to ride out into the South Downs countryside made for the perfect mother-daughter weekend for Fiona Bruce
This 1-800-Flowers coupon will help you save on Mothers Day flowers, including its local florist options, which we loved-find out more.
My husbands brother just had a baby boy. Weve visited a few times and every time we are there that poor baby is very whiney and gassy. I figured he was just a whiney baby. But last night she feed him and just put him down on the couch. Im pretty sure that is why he is so gassy, and she doesnt know he should be patted on the back after feeding. I cant blame her, she is only 18 and never been around babies. She doesnt have a mother or any other family to help. Otherwise I would never question a mothers parenting. Im pregnant myself, and have been around many babies. I know this lil man needs to be patted after eating; he would be so much more comfortable and less gassy. My question is, how do I bring up to her about burping the baby and not offend her?
Mother-Child-Questionnaire (9-10 year olds , PDF, 0.7 MB ; German only). For a translation of the Mother-Child instruments, please refer to the generated questionnaires with reference to variables (see below). Pre-Teen (11-12 year olds , PDF, 0.87 MB ; German only ...
I am an American mother of three who spent six years living in Germany. Education has always been a primary focus for me. This blog is packed with fun educational activities for kids. Speed! is a skip-counting game I created in 2011 to help kids learn multiplication. In June 2012 my younger daughter was diagnosed with Leukemia, so that topic has quickly taken over a portion of this blog. You can reach me at jmommymom @ gmail . ...
Save the Childrens annual State of the Worlds Mothers report ranks the best and worst places to be a mother based on womens access to health care,
Mothers Day is just around the corner! This year, skip the flowers and treat Mom to the most memorable experience ever-a spa getaway.
Teenagers are twice as likely to develop drinking problems if their mothers are depressed and drink regularly, a new study claims.
Toddlers do some pretty weird things to comfort themselves. Heres whats going on, what you can do to help and when to be concerned.
Reflecting his own traumatic childhood, he was particularly interested in early child socialisation, attachment and mother- ... Harmondsworth: Penguin (translated into 9 languages) Schaffer, H.R. (ed.) )1971). The Origins of Human Social Relations. London ... In 1955 he took a position as a clinical psychologist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Yorkhill, Glasgow where he worked ... Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 29, no.3, serial no.94 Schaffer, H.R. & Schaffer, E.B. (1969). ...
Cassidy, J. (1988). Child-mother attachment and the self in six-year-olds. Child Development, 59(1), 121-134. Cassidy, J. (1994 ... Cassidy, J., & Asher, S. R. (1992). Loneliness and peer relations in young children. Child Development, 63(2), 350-365. Cassidy ... Child Development, 65(4), 971-991. Main, M., & Cassidy, J. (1988). Categories of response to reunion with the parent at age 6: ... She is the author of two monographs on attachment theory published by the Society for Research in Child Development. One of ...
... mother; 7. children and the aged nursing; 8. nursing principles and skills; and 9. personal and vocational relations and ...
Meanwhile, the relations between the couple are tense. After a year of marriage, the couple do not have a child. This is a ... Raj's mother dies suddenly. A family member tells Raj that his mother asked for Susanna before her death. Hearing this, Raj is ... Sunny came back mainly to steal away Susanna's child, whom Susanna never liked. Dr. Sunny threatened to leave the child and ... He takes her on a trip to see her mother. On the journey, he recalls forgotten memories of Susanna. One of these memories is of ...
Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each ... Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family. PERSONAL ... number of children born and number now living place of birth and mother tongue of person, and their parents if foreign born, ... Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or ...
This led him to appreciate the role played by archetypal components in the formation of mother-child attachments and was to ... In H.F. Schaffer (ed.), The Origins of Human Social Relations. Academic Press, London and New York. 1981: Attenuation of the ... mother-child bond and male initiation into adult life. Journal of Adolescence, 4, 131-48. 1982: Archetype: A Natural History of ... In John Apley and Christopher Ounsted, (eds), One Child. William Heinemann Medical Books, London; J.B. Lippincott Co., ...
The act provided aid to mothers and children during pregnancy and infancy. The NAACP and DuBois were opposed to the bill ... Caroline Bartram Bonsall, Kelley's mother, was not a less-prominent figure. Bonsall had relations to the famous Quaker botanist ... Kelley fought to make it illegal for children under the age of 14 to work and to limit the number of hours for children under ... She sought to give the children the right of education, and argued that children must be nurtured to be intelligent people. ...
Aisha holds a Masters in Human Rights and International relations. Aisha began her career as a child. She used to star in ... Her mother, Saeeda Gazdar was a poet and writer. Aisha has one brother. Aisha started her journey in the film industry after ...
19 (11). Margolin L (1992). "Child abuse by mothers' boyfriends: why the overrepresentation?". Child Abuse Negl. 16 (4): 541-51 ... Their single expat mother or single expat father can sponsor them for residency. However, sexual relations out-of-marriage in ... and children born to single mothers were more likely than those born to married mothers to live in a cohabiting household. The ... "Kuwait allows expat mothers to sponsor children". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 11 October 2020. "Sponsoring family residency visa by ...
She is mother of two children. Polenova studied at the Faculty of Sociology at the Moscow State University,Lomonosov Moscow ... She graduated in 1998 with a specialization in Public Relations. In addition to this, she took a course at the Gelos Auction ... Besides Russian, her mother tongue, Natalya Polenova perfectly masters French. Since 2000, she works as consultant and art ... Since her official appointment as the director of the museum-house Polenovo after her mother in 2011, Natalya Polenova shows a ...
Mountains are mothers in relation to bronze. When the mother collapses, the child cries. In due time Shu reported that indeed a ... The Way of relations between husband and wife cannot be allowed to be incorrect, for it is the root source for the relations ... Fang Shih-k'o, a native of Hsing-an, had been very sickly from a child. Afterwards he began to enquire into the mysteries of ... They served their mothers with filial piety, and therefore they served Earth with discrimination. They pursued the right course ...
"Predicting Behavior Problems and Social Competence in Children of Adolescent Mothers". Family Relations. 43 (4): 439-446. doi: ... 2001). Taking Stock of Risk Factors for Child/Youth Externalizing Behavior Problems (PDF). ERIC Clearinghouse. OCLC 1062940445 ... In 1986, she earned a Ph.D. in experimental psychology with an emphasis on issues of early child development from the ... In 2015, Hann became the associate director for extramural research at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child ...
For example, to alleviate anxiety a child might seek comfort from his mother, who responds in a soothing manner. Some forms of ... Human Relations, 65, 777-805. Williams, M. (2007). Building genuine trust through interpersonal emotion management: A threat ... Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 208-227. Mackay, H. C.; Barkham, M.; Stiles, W. B.; Goldfried ... George, J. M. (2000). "Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence". Human Relations. 53 (8): 1027-1055. doi: ...
The eldest children, in turn and sensing their mother's disappointment, became resentful of Vicky's indulgence towards their ... The marriage, however, did not improve relations between mother and daughter. After a visit by the couple in 1899, Charlotte ... Unlike her mother, Feodora wanted children; her inability to conceive left Feodora disappointed, though it pleased Charlotte, ... Vicky was an intellectually demanding mother who expected her children to exhibit moral and political leadership, and in her ...
Leopold also fathered two illegitimate children in 1733 and 1735. Relations between Anna Louise and her mother-in-law later ... Despite great resistance on the part of her own father and of her mother-in-law Henriette Catherine, the daughter of Frederick ... Anna Louise and Leopold had ten children together; ...
She has a peculiar relation with her children. She passes on to Hannah and then Sula a need for male attention. BoyBoy: Sula's ... Nel never remarries and instead smothers her children, repeating every one of her mother's mistakes. The Bottom slowly ... She is Sula's best friend as they are children and then their relation turned into something more complex when Jude left Nel ... as it implies an absence of a desire to mother. When Hannah challenges her mother Eva about expressions of love toward her, Eva ...
Ulanovskaya sent her children East with her mother to Chelyabinsk for safety. She worked with foreign correspondents with the ... In 1947, she taught English at the Institute of International Relations; in December 1947, she was dismissed due to pending ... In 1977, mother and daughter visited Godfrey Blunden in Europe. On July 17, 1977, C. L. Sulzberger of the New York Times ... and mother of Maya Ulanovskaya. Nadezhda Ulanovskaya was born Esther Markovna Fridgant in Bershad in the then Russian Empire ( ...
Abusive relations have been associated with malnutrition among both mothers and children. In India, for example, the ... Many cultures have allowed fathers to sell their children into slavery. Child sacrifice was also a common practice. Child ... ECPAT International: Confronting the commercial sexual exploitation of children in Africa (PDF). End child prostitution, child ... which can place a child at greater risk for injury or death. It has been found that children who witness mother-assault are ...
... the same relation is exemplified by father, mother and children; and in political society, the monarch as cause, ministers/ ... mother, and his remaining children - in October 1791 and joined the army of the Prince of Condé. He was within earshot of the ... All relations may be stated as the triad of cause, means and effect, which he sees repeated throughout nature and society. Thus ... His father, Antoine Sébastien de Bonald, died when Louis was a young boy and he was brought up by his pious mother Anne née de ...
Older people, children, people who cared for the surviving children, and persons with illnesses were transferred by train in ... He would threaten to have both the father and the mother sterilized. For a woman to have a second abortion meant mandatory ... Even so, the Germans forbade sexual relations. This proved impossible to enforce. However, the consequences were that abortions ... A few children were born alive in the ghetto in the first year; they were killed by an injection of poison. Krause, the German ...
Common themes are human emotions, love, relationships, mother/child relations and social criticism. Until the late 1950s there ... It often consists of naked woman, man or child figures, sometimes recognizable, but always deformed. These human figures are ... Her experiences as a girl, woman, mother and as an artist were the main source of her inspiration. ... Exposition "year of the child" for Unicef, Turnhout, Belgium. 1980 Tempel gallery, Willemstad, Curaçao. 1986 Stedelijk Museum ...
... children socialize parents just as parents socialize children". For example, the interaction of mothers and their infants is ... Vandell, D. L., & Wilson, K. S. (1988). Infants' interactions with mother, sibling, and peer: Contrasts and relations between ... Child Development, 48, 176-186. Vandell, D. L., & Wilson, K. S. (1987). Infants' interactions with mother, sibling, and peer: ... And in some investigations, synchrony in parent-child relationships was positively related to children's social competence. One ...
Melissa was the only child of a single mother, Evelyn Alderete.[citation needed] Doi graduated from the Spence School, before ... After graduation, she took a job in public relations, then moved to banking. In 1997, she joined IQ Financials and soon became ... "We don't have a three-way system for that." As smoke and heat began to overcome her, Doi gave the 911 operator her mother's ... spells out the last name of her mother and asks the dispatcher to set up a three-way call so that she can speak to her mother ...
Analysis and replication of mother-child relations at two years of age. Child Development, 50, 777-793. Clarke-Stewart, K. A. ( ... She is well known for her work on the effects of child care on children's development, and for her research on children's ... 1978). And daddy makes three: The father's impact on mother and young child. Child Development, 49, 466-478. Clarke-Stewart, K ... In the early 1970s, Clarke-Stewart began her research on the effects of child care on children, well before it was a central ...
In her youth she played various sports including association football, tennis and field hockey. Her mother, who played for a ... Harten graduated from Loughborough University in 2011 with a BA in International Relations. Galleria Mavericks Harten played ... "Gold medalist Jo Harten returns to Harlow to inspire school children". www.essexlive.news. 21 November 2018. Retrieved 6 April ...
"Exploring Factors Related to Parenting Competence among Navajo Teenage Mothers: Dual Techniques of Inquiry". Family Relations. ... Schell, L. M.; Gallo, M. V. (2012). "Overweight and obesity among North American Indian infants, children, and youth". American ... "Early Predictors of Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Among American Indian Children". Maternal and Child Health Journal. 16 (9 ... In general Native youth are more likely to have sexual intercourse at a younger age compared to their peers and are less likely ...
Her relations dubbed her as "Marietta". Her mother died in 1889 which prompted her oldest sister Luigia to take care of Fasce. ... Fasce taught catechism to children and grew to love the charism of Saint Augustine. She also met her confessor Father Mariano ... She expressed this intention to her relations who took the news bad and her brothers in particular were negative about it. Her ...
Children joined their mothers on the picket lines, protesting poor treatment in downtown shops. African American veterans led ... City fathers boasted of settled race relations. Then the summer came, and the civil rights protests began. A charismatic leader ... Race Relations Since Brown, 1954-1979 by Michael V. Namorato [4] We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance in the Mississippi ...
1976: Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MSc in international relations. 1989, January - August: University of ... In addition to her mother tongue Bulgarian, she speaks English, French, Spanish and Russian. She is married to Kalin Mitrev, a ... director at EBRD, and has two children. 1971: First English Language School, Sofia. ... Chief co-ordinator of Bulgaria-EU relations. Co-Chairperson, Bulgaria - EU Association Committee. National PHARE Co-ordinator. ...
Her father worked in the construction industry and her mother laboured as a factory worker. She is the third eldest of five ... At age 34, she married Robert MacBain, a public relations consultant. From 1981 to 1992, she served as the volunteer president ... children, having three sisters and a brother. She attended a vocational high school earning a diploma and started working as a ... Minna has held several leadership roles that have focused on immigration and international relations. In 1994 she was appointed ...
Benedict was born Ruth Fulton in New York City on June 5, 1887, to Beatrice and Frederick Fulton.[3][4] Her mother worked in ... Upon seeing the dead child's face, Ruth claimed that it was the most beautiful thing she had ever seen.[5] ... They also were both interested in psychology and the relation between individual personalities and cultural patterns, and in ... "Culture and Personality In Henry's Backyard: Boasian War Allegories in Children's Science Writ Large Stories" in Darnell, Regna ...
Klaus Malettke, Les relations entre la France et le Saint-Empire au XVIIe siècle, Honoré Champion, Paris, 2001, p. 22. ... As his son, Frederick II, though already elected king, was still a small child and living in Sicily, German princes chose to ... in conjunction with his mother. This ensured for the first time that all the realms of what is now Spain would be united by one ... Foreign relationsEdit. The Habsburg royal family had its own diplomats to represent its interests. The larger principalities in ...
The nutritional status of a mother during fetal development may also play a role, with one proposed mechanism being that of DNA ... type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed in children in parallel with rising obesity rates.[10] Type 2 diabetes is now ... "Relation of active, passive, and quitting smoking with incident type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis". The ... conditions for the first time by the Indian physicians Sushruta and Charaka in 400-500 AD with type 1 associated with youth and ...
Mother Tongue is a compulsory subject at the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), Singapore-Cambridge GCE Ordinary Level ... Singapore Youth Festival. *List of youth organisations. *Boys' Brigade. *National Cadet Corps ...
Sâr's mother, Sok Nem, was locally respected as a pious Buddhist.[8] Sâr was the eighth of nine children (two girls and seven ... Foreign relationsEdit. Pol Pot meeting with Romanian Marxist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu during the latter's visit to Cambodia in ... In summer 1935, Sâr went to live with his brother Suong and the latter's wife and child.[14] That year he began an education at ... Many cadres ate the livers of their victims and tore unborn foetuses from their mothers for use as kun krak talismans.[291] The ...
His mother, Philomena Lynott was born in Dublin[1][2] and his father, Cecil Parris, was from Georgetown, British Guiana.[3] ... It bore no relation to the producer's chart-topping single of the same title some months earlier.[55] "This was a guy whose ... They had two children: Sarah (b. 19 December 1978),[42] for whom the eponymous 1979 song was written, and Cathleen (b. 29 July ... The move was important, as the presence of Frank gave him a father figure for the first time in his life.[6] His mother stayed ...
We were faced with the question: what about the women and children? - I have decided on a solution to this problem. I did not ... Owing to good relations with the Ukrainian Hilfsverwaltung,[68] these auxiliary battalions were deployed by the SS also in ... Blobel requested that Jewish mothers hold them in their arms during mass shootings.[57][58] Long before the conference at ... By August 1941, all Jewish men, women, and children were shot.[21] In the second phase of annihilation, the Jewish inhabitants ...
... the 1963 Birmingham campaign and Children's Crusade, and the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. ... Alberta Williams King (mother). *Christine King Farris (sister). *A. D. King (brother) ... Georgia Council on Human Relations. *Highlander Folk School. *Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights ...
Prince Andrew was the first child born to a reigning monarch since the birth in 1857 of Queen Victoria's youngest child, ... "His mother's subjects seated around the table roared their approval. He then went on to 'these (expletive) journalists, ... the UK's premier organisation for promoting trade and good relations with the Middle East, North Africa, Turkey and Iran.[37] ... He is the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he ...
Additionally, children could contribute labor to the raising of crops more readily than they could to the hunter-gatherer ... "Mother of man - 3.2 million years ago". BBC. Retrieved 17 May 2008.. ... The exact relations between science and technology in particular have been debated by scientists, historians, and policymakers ... Sussman, Robert W.; Hall, Roberta L. (April 1972). "Child Transport, Family Size, and Increase in Human Population During the ...
The sex of the child might influence the status of the mother; often, mothers who bear boys have a higher social status than ... its quantification and relations with other variables". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 133 (5): 489-98. PMID 443287. ... In many parts of the world, raising a child is a very difficult task for a single (unmarried) mother. ... 1990) A Child is Born.. *↑ Rodeck, Charles; Whittle, Martin. Fetal Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Practice (Elsevier ...
She is also the mother of Ellen from a previous marriage. She and Mads eventually have a child named Erik. Despite loving to ... Ulrik reveals to Ellen that he is to marry Maja, prompting Ellen to sever all relations. Misse, now a widow, reveals to the ... Ulrik Varnæs - Søren Bruun (child), Jens Arentzen (adult) - (born c.1923) A spoiled child. In love with Ellen Skjern. ... Is tyrannized by her mother whom she pushes around town in a wheelchair, despite her mother's ability to walk (which Misse ...
Youth rights. In a Democratic debate during the 2008 Presidential Election, Kucinich and Mike Gravel were the only two ... Kucinich has defended Trump's efforts to improve relations with Russia.[94]. Kucinich, who attempted to impeach Bush and Cheney ... his Irish American mother was a homemaker.[5] Growing up, his family moved 21 times and Dennis was often charged with the ... Kucinich was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 8, 1946, as the eldest of the seven children of Virginia (née Norris) and ...
His children, however, would not belong to the Turkey Clan, but to the mother's clan. As such, a person's mother's brothers ( ... The Swedish Settlements on the Delaware: Their History and Relation to the Indians, Dutch and English, 1638-1664 : With an ... children belong to their mother's clan, from which they gain social status and identity. The mother's eldest brother was more ... Members of each clan were found throughout Lenape territory and clan lineage was traced through the mother. While clan mothers ...
To help lessen the financial burden faced by families trying to educate their children, the National Youth Administration was ... Because the proper role for a white, middle class woman in 1930s American society was that of wife and mother,[20] arguments in ... 1941: Merze Tate became the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in government and international relations from Harvard ... Most parents either home schooled their children using peripatetic tutors or sent them to small local private schools.[9] A ...
After years of strained relations with family members, Van Gogh excitedly shared some of his works he thought his mother would ... Both mother and father believed that God was omnipotent, continually watching over them. They taught their children to look for ... Portrait of Artist's Mother is an 1888 painting by Vincent van Gogh of his mother, Anna Carbentus van Gogh, drawn from a black- ... Portrait of the artist's mother by Vincent van Gogh.. *Gayford, M (2008) [2006]. The Yellow House: Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Nine ...
... his mother, Tinca, was the last descendant of the Gradișteanu family of boyar origins (according to Djuvara, she was related to ... Foreign relations of Niger. *Knights of the Order of the Star of Romania ... Romanian children's writers. *Romanian defectors. *Romanian essayists. *Romanian expatriates in France. *Romanian journalists ...
Child labour law. *Minimum wage law. *United States federal labor legislation. *1938 in labour relations ... "break time for nursing mothers" provision. It specifies that employers shall provide break time for nursing mothers to express ... Children under eighteen cannot do certain dangerous jobs, and children under the age of sixteen cannot work during school hours ... "Fact Sheet #32: Youth Minimum Wage - Fair Labor Standards Act". U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division. Retrieved ...
Many are euphemismistic, colloquial, or both; some are profane (such as shit), whereas most belong chiefly to child-directed ... 29] Disgust is experienced primarily in relation to the sense of taste (either perceived or imagined) and, secondarily to ... and occurs in various animal species such as young elephants eating the feces of their mothers to gain essential gut flora, or ... In all human cultures, feces elicit varying degrees of disgust, a basic human emotion, though children under two years ...
Luke Painting the Virgin and Child, and The Adoration of the Magi).[14] In 1563, at the age of twenty-two, El Greco was already ... She was the mother of his only son, Jorge Manuel, born in 1578, who also became a painter, assisted his father, and continued ... The relation between Les Demoiselles d'Avignon and the Opening of the Fifth Seal was pinpointed in the early 1980s, when the ... Luke Painting the Virgin and Child, and The Adoration of the Magi) and then to the acceptance of more works as authentic-some ...
Mother with child on a Calcutta street. Bengal famine 1943. As a further consequence of the crisis, a "cloth famine" left the ... Ram, Bindeshwar (1997). Land and Society in India: Agrarian Relations in Colonial North Bihar. Chennai, India: Orient Longman. ... Lines of small children begging stretched for miles outside cities; at night, children could be heard "crying bitterly and ... Although very young children and the elderly are usually more susceptible to the effects of starvation and disease, overall in ...
Bansong, Aggarat (15 January 2013). "'One million children' join Buddhist meditation event". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 10 ... and became active in using modern media and public relations, to a scale which was until then unknown in Thailand.[42] The ... Māyā (mother). *Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother). *Yasodhara (wife). *Rāhula (son). *Ānanda (cousin) ... From 2008 onward, the temple extended its youth activities to include a training course in Buddhist practice known as V-star. ...
Children of parent-child or sibling-sibling unions are at an increased risk compared to cousin-cousin unions.[25]:3 Inbreeding ... King Tutankhamun's mother is reported to have been the half-sister to his father,[81] Cleopatra VII (also called Cleopatra VI) ... who have historically engaged in familyline relations.[68] ... Higher infant mortality and child mortality[29]. *Smaller adult ... Adactylidium: The single male offspring mite mates with all the daughters when they are still in the mother. The females, now ...
Relations with humansEdit. In cultures and religionsEdit. Main article: Reptiles in culture ... The nine-headed Lernaean Hydra that Hercules defeated and the three Gorgon sisters are children of Gaia, the earth. Medusa was ... In some species of squamates, a population of females is able to produce a unisexual diploid clone of the mother. This form of ... The Titans are depicted in art with their legs replaced by bodies of snakes for the same reason: They are children of Gaia, so ...
"Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved ... Mother Goose Playskool and Gradeschool. *Mother Goose Special Science High School. *Northfield Academy ... Genesis School of Happy Kids Advanced Studies. *Harvent School. *Hilkan Montessori. *Instituto Centro Asia ...
"We are the children of the Medes and Kai Khosrow."[85] However, MacKenzie and Asatrian challenge the relation of the Median ... "Detailed Mother Tongue, 2011 Census of Canada". StatCan.GC.ca. Statistics Canada. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2013.. ... Chubin, Shahram; Zabih, Sepehr (1974). The Foreign Relations of Iran: A Developing State in a Zone of Great-Power Conflict. ... See also: Kurdish-Armenian relations and Kurds in Azerbaijan. Between the 1930s and 1980s, Armenia was a part of the Soviet ...
According to its website, its mission is to "change the world one kid at a time by giving them the tools and resources to meet ... This is part of a program on race relations being produced by A+E Networks and iHeartMedia. Williams plans to speak with ... "Mike Posner: From His Mother's Basement To Here". AllHipHop. Retrieved February 21, 2012 ... "Not A Joke: Pharrell Builds A Stunning, $35M Afterschool Space For Kids , Co.Design: business + innovation + design". ...
Many of the mothers of children with autism claim that music therapy sessions have allowed their child to interact more with ... Levinge, Alison (2015). The Music of Being: Music Therapy, Winnicott and the School of Object Relations. London: Jessica ... Studies on the long term effects on music therapy in children with autism indicate many positive effects in children. Some of ... Music therapy is also beneficial in that it gives children an outlet to use outside of the sessions. Many children after ...
Peter's Square: "Dear children, returning home, you will find children: give your children a hug and say: This is a hug from ... Relations with JewsEdit. Main article: Pope John XXIII and Judaism. One of the first acts of Pope John XXIII, in 1960, was to ... Roncalli was unable to see his mother for the end as the death of a pontiff meant that he would have to stay at his post until ... Orphaned children of Transnistria on board a refugee ship that weighed anchor from Constanța to Istanbul, and later arriving in ...
Their children started to identify more with Chinese culture. This migration occurred in the 17th and 18th centuries.[105] In ... Tong, Chee Kiong (2010). Identity and Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia: Racializing Chineseness. Springer. ISBN 978- ... Their descendants became known as Minh Hương and they strongly identified as Chinese despite influence from Vietnamese mothers ... An ethnic Chinese man was deported while his ethnic Vietnamese wife and child were left behind.[170] For those who lacked the ...
Sara Colalillo, Natalie V. Miller, Charlotte Johnston, Mother and Father Attributions for Child Misbehavior: Relations to Child ... The Relation between Mothers Hostile Attribution Tendencies and Childrens Externalizing Behavior Problems: The Mediating Role ... This study examined relations among mothers hostile attribution tendencies regarding their childrens ambiguous problem ... Mothers hostile attribution tendencies were assessed during the summer prior to childrens entry into kindergarten through ...
... literacy level and their relation to the childrens actual performance in different SES groups. ... The mothers evaluated their own children and 17 teachers evaluated these same children in the same domains. HSES children ... Mothers and teachers estimations of first graders literacy level and their relation to the childrens actual performance in ... The relation between mothers and teachers estimations of childrens functioning are important when trying to understand how " ...
Immunological interactions between mother and child during pregnancy in relation to the development of allergic diseases in the ... Immunological interactions between mother and child during pregnancy in relation to the development of allergic diseases in the ... the relationship between circulating Th1/Th2-associated chemokines and allergy in mothers and children. ... in 13 children who developed and 11 children who did not develop allergy during childhood. ...
XXIV, 1961: Mother-Child Role Relations in Schizophrenia. A Comparison of Schizophrenic Patients with Nonschizophrenic Siblings ... XXIV, 1961: Mother-Child Role Relations in Schizophrenia. A Comparison of Schizophrenic Patients with Nonschizophrenic Siblings ... The exclusive interaction with the mother precludes the variety of object relations and identifications that determine ... the mother seems to have insisted on more control and protection of the schizophrenic child than of the nonschizophrenic ...
Patients and Methods: Forty-nine children with CP and their mothers and 30 mothers with healthy children were included. The ... in mothers of children with cerebral palsy ( CP) and a comparison to mothers of healthy children. ... Depression in Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Its Relation to Severity and Type of Cerebral Palsy. ... Home » Depression in Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Its Relation to Severity and Type of Cerebral Palsy ...
This study will investigate the association between maternal cholesterol during pregnancy and cholesterol in the child, and the ... By using the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) we will be able to study the relation between maternal and paternal ... Napoli et al. investigated the relation between fatty streak formation in the aortic arch in children (aged 1-13) who died in ... Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) - project description Published 05.10.2018 ...
Bilateral relations. An overview of Swiss diplomacy and involvement on the ground ... Simplified naturalisation of a foreign child born before 1 January 2006 of a Swiss father who is not married to the mother ... Simplified naturalisation of a foreign child born before 1 January 2006 of a Swiss father who is not married to the mother ... Simplified naturalisation of a foreign child born of the marriage with a foreign national and whose mother had Swiss ...
2. Tickborne Relapsing Fever in a Mother and Newborn Child - Colorado, 2011. CDC. Division of News & Electronic Media     ... Tickborne Relapsing Fever in a Mother and Newborn Child - Colorado, 2011. There is no MMWR telebriefing scheduled for March 15 ...
CDC Media Relations. 404-639-3286. Thailand has achieved World Health Organization elimination of HIV mother-to-child ... Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV - Thailand, 2015. *Influenza Activity - United States, 2015-16 Season and ... Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV - Thailand, 2015. ... CDC Media Relations. 404-639-3286. Overall, 3.8 percent of US working adults use e-cigarettes. Prevalence of use varies by ...
Course of mother-child relations in cases of maternal HIV infection. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Mother-Child ... Thus children born from HIV positive mothers are exposed to the possibility of developing psychological problems related to a ... Thus children born from HIV positive mothers are exposed to the possibility of developing psychological problems related to a ... N2 - 32 children born from HIV infected mothers (8 HIV infected and 24 seroreverted uninfected) were followed up from 1990 to ...
Social sciences/Sociology/Society/Human relations/Family/Mothers * /Social sciences/Sociology/Society/Human relations/Parenting ... Family Relations. Funder. , NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Keywords. * / ... When their children were 9 months old, mothers spent nearly 70 percent of their time on an average workday (when they werent ... In dual-career couples, mothers still do the most child care Moms spend 70 percent of free time on parenting activities ...
Within the high risk sample, mother-child contact frequency of incarcerations and length of mother-child separation due to ... The high risk sample of children with incarcerated mothers (n = 74) and a community sample of children (n = 89) completed ... completed measures of their childs externalizing symptoms and information regarding the mother-child relationship. Analyses ... The incarcerated mothers of the high risk sample (n = 82) and the mothers in the community sample (n = 92) ...
A Calgary mother convicted in her sons senseless death after failing to take the bedridden seven-year-old to a doctor for ... Audience Relations, CBC P.O. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6 ... Our children are vulnerable: Judge sentences Calgary mother to 3 years in prison for sons strep death. A Calgary mother ... Our children are vulnerable: Judge sentences Calgary mother to 3 years in prison for sons strep death. ...
The aim here is to survey the oral hygiene practices that are commonly followed by Arab children and to see its relationship ... Also, the odds of dental caries among the school children who were irregular in brushing their teeth was higher in contrast to ... Among the sample of 500 school children, the mean plaque score in male (mean = 0.69; SD = 0.50) was slightly higher than the ... Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases occurring among children. ...
... a mother of three children living in Praia, the capital of Cabo Verde. Her youngest child, Lila, is a healthy 5-month-old who ... Europe and Africa External Relations Food and Agriculture Game Parks Governance Health Human Rights ICT Infrastructure ... Top Headlines: Children and Youth. *Namibia: Establishment of a Compulsory National Youth Service in the Pipeline ... a mother of three children living in Praia, the capital of Cabo Verde. Her youngest child, Lila, is a healthy 5-month-old who ...
Using a subsample of 748 unmarried black mothers with their male child from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we ... child ages 1, 3, 5, and 9)To test bidirectional relations between unmarried parents coparenting and their childrens behavior ... 1) Identify family management practices that benefit youth living in stepfamilies and single-mother families.2) Understand the ... Using a sample of 1,656 dyads of unmarried parents and their children from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing data, this ...
MOther-Child Interaction Assessment TRAINING for Pediatricians. *Child Behavior Disorders. *Mother-child Relations ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03148574. IUM. July 2, 2017. January 2018. March 2018. May 11, 2017. November 14, 2017. *Assiut ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT02954068. 3008. December 2016. June 2017. July 2017. November 3, 2016. December 13, 2016. *Hospital J. ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03135158. 3009. April 18, 2017. November 30, 2017. December 31, 2017. May 1, 2017. May 1, 2017. * ...
This suggests that a mothers representations of attachment may influence the development of her infants attac … ... Studies have demonstrated a strong relation between adult attachment security, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and ... Mother-Child Relations* * Object Attachment* * Parenting / psychology* * Personality Assessment* * Personality Development * ... that is Type A mothers often had infants with a Type C pattern and vice versa. No significant relation was seen between the DMM ...
Parents relation to child? (mother, father, grandmother, etc.) *. La relación del padre al niño? (madre, padre, abuela, etc.) ... Thank you for your interest in our Child-Parent Home Tutoring Program. We are always excited to serve new families! Please ... Gracias por su interés en nuestro Programa de Child-Parent Tutoría hecho en casa. ¡Siempre estamos contentos de servir familias ...
Background Children experience multiple painful procedures when being cared for in emergency departments (EDs). Unfortunately, ... every kid loves Elsa right now, so that helped too - relating it to things that kids know…" [mother, 5 year-old girl] ... One mother stated:. "In [rural town] this morning, they flat-out said that theyre not used to working on kids. So - cause ... Another mother elaborated on this concept by providing an example of how "kid terms" were used when her daughter had an IV ...
ScotlandPublic Relations and Promotional MaterialPublications with relevance to QMHThe Health of Mother and Child ... Papers relating to HRH Queen Elizabeth, the Queen MotherQMH/7/3 ... Public Relations and Promotional MaterialQMH/7. Papers re ... Records of the Queen Mothers Hospital, Glasgow, ... Records of the Queen Mothers Hospital, Glasgow, ScotlandQMH. ...
Relation. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 4 (‎3)‎, 502-512, 1998. Description. 502-512 ... mothers working status, financial problems, mothers age at the birth of the first child, number of offspring, crowding index ... Mothers tended to perceive neglectful behaviour rather than abusive behaviour as child maltreatment. Child maltreatment was ... Mothers behaviour relating to child maltreatment, their perceptions of such behaviour and its correlates to parents ...
Relation. WHO briefing notes for UNGASS on HIV/AIDS. Description. WHO/HIV_AIDS/BN/2001.2. 1 fold-out. ... Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection : review of evidence. ... 2001)‎. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection : review of evidence. Geneva : World Health Organization. ...
The silent child--mothers experiences before, during, and after stillbirth Birth. 2004 Sep;31(3):189-95. doi: 10.1111/j.0730- ... desire to get rid of the dead child immediately, going through childbirth, and total silence. Many women believed that they ... Interprofessional Relations* * Interviews as Topic * Labor, Induced / psychology* * Norway * Pregnancy / psychology * Social ...
Although serious aggressive behavior in children arises from many sources, few contemporary behavioral scientists would deny ... Mother-child, father-child relations. Washington, D.C.: National Association for the Education of Young Children.Google Scholar ... Hoffman, L. W. (1961). Mothers enjoyment of work and its effects on the child. Child Development, 32, 187-197.PubMedGoogle ... Martin, H. P. (1976). Which children get abused: High risk factors in the child. In H. P. Martin (Ed.), The abused child: A ...
Moms five children, a handful of other loved ones and close family friends stand before her casket. Were... ... NCR Podcast: Catholicism and race relations Aug 25, 2017 Just say the words: I try to pray after losing two children to suicide ... Well marvel anew at how Mom returned to work after two decades of raising kids because she had no choice after emphysema left ... None of her five children or 11 grandchildren is into Zoom. I did one session with Mom in early April. Suffering dementia, she ...
Reflecting his own traumatic childhood, he was particularly interested in early child socialisation, attachment and mother- ... Harmondsworth: Penguin (translated into 9 languages) Schaffer, H.R. (ed.) )1971). The Origins of Human Social Relations. London ... In 1955 he took a position as a clinical psychologist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Yorkhill, Glasgow where he worked ... Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 29, no.3, serial no.94 Schaffer, H.R. & Schaffer, E.B. (1969). ...
Relation to Head of House. *Marital Status. *Occupation. *Mother: number of living children ... Relation to Head of House. View Image. To get better results, add more information such as Birth Info, Death Info or Location- ...
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry , 9, 577-592. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41 , 407-417. (bsl.nl)
  • Rutter's child and adolescent psychiatry, 5th edition (pp. 882-894). (pitt.edu)
  • J Child Psychol Psychiatry. (edu.au)
  • J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. (nih.gov)
  • I am an Associate Professor holding a combined position at the Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies and at the department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry / Psychology of the Erasmus University / Medical Centre. (eur.nl)
  • This study examined relations among mothers' hostile attribution tendencies regarding their children's ambiguous problem behaviors, mothers' harsh discipline practices, and children's externalizing behavior problems. (wiley.com)
  • Mothers' hostile attribution tendencies were assessed during the summer prior to children's entry into kindergarten through their responses to written vignettes. (wiley.com)
  • Children's externalizing behavior problems were assessed concurrently through written questionnaires by mothers and fathers and in the spring of kindergarten and first, second, and third grades through reports by teachers and peer sociometric nominations. (wiley.com)
  • Results of structural equations models demonstrated that mothers' hostile attribution tendencies predicted children's future externalizing behavior problems at school and that a large proportion of this relation was mediated by mothers' harsh discipline practices. (wiley.com)
  • Mothers' and teachers' estimations of first graders' literacy level and their relation to the children's actual performance in different SES groups. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The relationship between mothers' and teachers' estimations of 60 children's literacy level and their actual performance were investigated in two different socio-economic status (SES) groups: low (LSES) and high (HSES). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Regression analysis showed that the teachers' estimations were the most accurate regarding the children's literacy level in all domains, whereas the mothers' estimations and family SES partially contributed to the children's actual level. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Our goals were to examine the relationship between teachers' and mothers' estimations of children's literacy level and their relation to the children's actual level and to investigate the extent to which this estimation was related to the children's family socio-economic status (SES) level. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Using a sample of 1,656 dyads of unmarried parents and their children from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing data, this longitudinal study examined bidirectional relations between unmarried parents' coparenting and their children's behavior problems over time (child ages 1, 3, 5, and 9). (ncfr.org)
  • The results offer preliminary evidence that focusing on support to improve mothers' SOC may be an efficient and effective strategy for improving children's social skills development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mothers thought the sources that had most effect on children's nutritional knowledge were television advertisements, parents and classmates. (who.int)
  • Chandler-Laney and her colleagues studied 21 children ages 5 to 10 years and measured the children's sensitivity to insulin, the hormone that regulates sugar in the blood. (healthcanal.com)
  • They also evaluated the pregnancy medical records of the children's mothers to determine maternal blood sugar concentration during the oral glucose tolerance test. (healthcanal.com)
  • Objective To assess relations between children's health and development and maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • Mothers' caries increases odds of children's caries. (cdc.gov)
  • When parents discipline their children, they generally do so to teach their children a lesson, to instill values, and/or to improve their children's current and future behavior. (aappublications.org)
  • Parents with substance use disorders often raise children in chaotic and impoverished households, (9) contexts that have been shown to impede children's development and lead to detrimental health outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. (srcd.org)
  • Prosocial development in relation to children's and mothers' psychological problems. (nih.gov)
  • The relation between children's socio-economic status and their performance on the passive subtest of the DELV-NR. Secured funding to attend graduate school in COMD at LSU. (lsu.edu)
  • The relation between two caregiver questionnaires about children's early literacy experiences. (lsu.edu)
  • Additionally, mothers' propositional attitude and personal history of teasing may directly affect their perceptions of (and interventions regarding) their own children's teasing. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Most women have not just their DNA but, also their mothers and possibly children's DNA in them as well. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Recruitment and use of children in conflict is considered to be one of the six grave violations of children's rights under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1612 (2005). (eldis.org)
  • This is in line with WHO recommendations to provide both birth dose and infant vaccination for hepatitis B," says Evanilda Santos, National Coordinator of the Expanded Immunization and Child Health Program at the Ministry of Health and Social Security, describing the high-bar routine in Cabo Verde. (allafrica.com)
  • Studies have demonstrated a strong relation between adult attachment security, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and infant security, using the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). (nih.gov)
  • No significant relation was seen between the DMM adult and ABC+D infant patterns of attachment. (nih.gov)
  • These findings may help guide treatment of insecure mother-infant dyads by individualizing interventions to include a focus on maternal representations of the infant and maternal responses to infant behavior. (nih.gov)
  • Stability and change in mother-infant and fatherinfant interaction in a family setting: 1-to-3-to-9 months. (springer.com)
  • Reflecting his own traumatic childhood, he was particularly interested in early child socialisation, attachment and mother-infant interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies in Mother-Infant Interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of these monographs, Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation, cited 6229 times according to GoogleScholar, provided new insight into individual differences in parent-infant attachment relations as assessed through the Strange Situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impact of the mother-nurse partnership programme on mother and infant outcomes in paediatric cardiac intensive care unit. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Typologies of dyadic mother-infant emotion regulation following immunization. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Mother-infant dyadic emotion regulation - the joint modulation of affective rhythms as interactive partners dynamically respond to each other across time - has been shown to promote social-emotional w. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Maternal and paternal depression and anxiety: their relationship with mother-infant interactions at 3 months. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cortisol secretion moderates the association between mother-infant attachment at 17 months and child behavior at age 5 years. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself. (bioportfolio.com)
  • It is also the only parenting intervention for substance abusing mothers that has led to improvement in maternal caregiving sensitivity and responsiveness to infant and toddler distress in observed lab-based interactions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Researchers analyzed blood samples from 24 mother and infant pairs to examine the effects of BPA exposure. (endocrine.org)
  • Data included the Coopersmith self-esteem scale in mothers, child ren's Bayley's Scale of Infant Development (BSID) scores, and sociodemographic information. (cdc.gov)
  • Infant and Child Development, 14 (2): 133-154. (francoangeli.it)
  • Ainsworth, M. D. Object relations, dependency, and attachment: a theoretical review of the infant-mother relationship. (nature.com)
  • The mother-infant bond provides the foundation for the infant's future mental health and adaptation and depends on the provision of species-typical maternal behaviors that are supported by neuroendocrine and motivation-affective neural systems. (nih.gov)
  • To integrate brain, hormones, and behavior in the study of maternal-infant bonding, we examined the fMRI responses of synchronous vs intrusive mothers to dynamic, ecologically valid infant videos and their correlations with plasma Oxytocin. (nih.gov)
  • Mothers were scanned while observing several own and standard infant-related vignettes. (nih.gov)
  • The development of mother-infant interaction. (regjeringen.no)
  • Eighty-one primiparous mothers completed measures of attachment and attributions for imagined infant behavior in their third trimester of pregnancy and completed measures of attributions for actual infant behavior and caregiving representations at 6 months postpartum. (uncg.edu)
  • 2 The fourth Millennium Development Goal is to reduce child and infant mortality in the world by two-thirds by 2015, 2 yet current estimates suggest that at least 44 developing countries have less than a 20% chance of achieving the goal. (who.int)
  • Most studies of how parents divide child care responsibilities focus on parents of older children, so it was important to see how parents act with infants, Kotila said. (eurekalert.org)
  • For example, on the non-workdays when their child was 9 months old, parents reported more than 2.75 hours of positive engagement with their infants. (eurekalert.org)
  • This study both confirms and modifies that finding in a cohort of 47 first-time mothers and their infants. (nih.gov)
  • There was a significant match of patterns for secure mothers and babies, but a tendency for inversion of insecure patterns of attachment, that is Type A mothers often had infants with a Type C pattern and vice versa. (nih.gov)
  • 3. The same relation also emerged using maternal reports of their infants' gestural communication on a standard language development measure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These results indicate that mothers' talk about desires and intentions is linked to their infants' early developing communicative competence. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Research on Mother-Baby Units (MBUs) has mainly focused on maternal psychiatric outcomes, not the well-being of infants. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The blood analysis revealed that the human mothers exposed to higher levels of BPA and their infants showed signs of oxidative stress caused by overexposure to nitric oxide-derived free radicals. (endocrine.org)
  • Rather, the additional types for school-aged children come from the same part of the vocabulary and share the same-shaped distributions as in adult speech with preschool children and infants. (cambridge.org)
  • In all, 23 mothers were videotaped at home interacting with their infants and plasma OT assayed. (nih.gov)
  • Mothers' speech to infants with and without Down syndrome. (lsu.edu)
  • Predictors of mothers' self-identified challenges in parenting infants : insights from a large, nationally diverse cohort. (aifs.gov.au)
  • This article explores the challenges of motherhood, drawing on a survey of 6,383 mothers with 9 month old infants taking part in the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal study. (aifs.gov.au)
  • Different types of studies (literature review, experimental design, quasi-experimental design, cross-sectional design, and meta-analysis) and measures (questionnaires, scripts, observations) were used to assess the associations between child anxiety and maternal and paternal social referencing and parenting behavior in different age groups: infants between 10-15 months (Chapter 4 and 5), children aged 0-5 years (Chapter 6), and children aged 8-13 years (Chapter 3). (uva.nl)
  • Mothers' behaviour relating to child maltreatment, their perceptions of such behaviour and its correlates to parents' characteristics and family background were investigated. (who.int)
  • Mothers tended to perceive neglectful behaviour rather than abusive behaviour as child maltreatment. (who.int)
  • Child maltreatment: An ecological integration. (springer.com)
  • The maltreatment syndrome in children: A hospital survey. (springer.com)
  • A 2002 meta-analysis showed linkages between CP of children and risk for poor outcomes in childhood, including aggressive and/or antisocial behavior, mental health problems, and physical maltreatment. (aappublications.org)
  • Child maltreatment, attachment security, and internal representations of mother and mother-child relationships. (nature.com)
  • Research has shown that up to 80% of high risk families (abuse and neglect, poverty, substance abuse, domestic violence, history of maltreatment in parents childhood, depression and other psychological disorders in parents) create severe attachment disorders in their children. (cyc-net.org)
  • The number of children seriously injured by maltreatment quadrupled from 1986 (140,000) to 1993 (600,000). (cyc-net.org)
  • Three million cases of maltreatment were investigated by Child Protective Services in 1995. (cyc-net.org)
  • Perpetuate the cycle of maltreatment and attachment disorder in their own children when they reach adulthood. (cyc-net.org)
  • Research has suggested a relationship between child maltreatment and a variety of short- and long-term consequences, but considerable uncertainty and debate remain about the effects of child victimization on children, adolescents, and adults. (nap.edu)
  • The relationship between the causes and consequences of child maltreatment is particularly problematic, since some factors (such as low intelligence in the child) may help stimulate abusive behavior by the parent or caretaker, but low intelligence can also be a consequence of abusive experiences in early childhood. (nap.edu)
  • Distinguishing consequences that are associated directly with the experience of child maltreatment itself rather than other social disorders is a daunting task for the research investigator. (nap.edu)
  • Research on the consequences of child maltreatment is also uneven and, as a result, we do not yet understand the consequences on children of particular types or multiple forms of abuse. (nap.edu)
  • Factors such as the age and developmental status of the child may influence the outcomes of maltreatment experiences. (nap.edu)
  • However, there is a dearth of research exploring the emotion regulation skills of this at-risk child population and how exposure to this unique risk factor (i.e., maternal incarceration) contributes to poor psychosocial and emotional outcomes. (wm.edu)
  • The children 's motor function was evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and the mothers ' quality of life using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). (bvsalud.org)
  • Childbearing at older ages is understood to increase the risk of negative pregnancy outcomes such as Down syndrome, as well as increase the risk that the children will develop Alzheimer's disease, hypertension, and diabetes later in life. (mpg.de)
  • Previous research on the relationship between maternal age and child outcomes has ignored the importance of these macro-level environmental changes over time. (mpg.de)
  • We examined whether mothers' self-esteem had a direct or main effect on their child ren's cognitive outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Because opioid addiction affects not only parents but also children and families, we need family-focused treatment models that attend to the needs of, and optimize outcomes for, both parents and children. (srcd.org)
  • Psychosocial outcomes of children of unipolar depressed, bipolar, medically ill, and normal women: a longitudinal study. (nih.gov)
  • Creating opportunities for parent empowerment: program effects on the mental health/coping outcomes of critically ill young children and their mothers. (nih.gov)
  • I will address the question: Based on available social science that meets established standards, is the biological, marriage-based family the ideal structure for child outcomes? (justia.com)
  • Biological, Marriage-Based Parenting and Child Outcomes 7. (justia.com)
  • The ideal way to study these outcomes is across time and into adolescence and young adulthood--one-time, cross-sectional studies of younger children tell us significantly less about these core issues of concern because most of them do not emerge until adolescence. (justia.com)
  • Children from single-mother households face increased risks of poverty and poor academic outcomes. (duke.edu)
  • In this chapter we will be considering a specific pattern of family abuse and neglect of children. (springer.com)
  • International Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect , 2, 37-49. (springer.com)
  • Evaluation of child abuse and neglect demonstration projects, 1974-1977. (springer.com)
  • Since there are one million substantiated cases of serious abuse and neglect in the U.S. each year, the statistics indicate that there are 800,000 children with severe attachment disorder coming to the attention of the child welfare system each year. (cyc-net.org)
  • The neurobiological consequences of emotional neglect can leave children behaviorally disordered, depressed, apathetic, slow to learn, and prone to chronic illness. (cyc-net.org)
  • Instead of following the instinct to protect, nurture and love their children, they abuse, neglect and abandon. (cyc-net.org)
  • Barlow J, Johnston I, Kendrick D, Polnay L, Stewart-Brown S. Individual and group-based parenting programmes for the treatment of physical child abuse and neglect. (regjeringen.no)
  • Staub contends that children who experience neglect, rejection, harsh discipline, and a lack of nurturing develop pent-up anger. (ascd.org)
  • For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children. (nap.edu)
  • Until recently, research on the consequences of physical and sexual child abuse and neglect has been based primarily on retrospective studies of adolescents or adults that are subject to clinical bias and inaccurate recall (Aber and Cicchetti, 1984). (nap.edu)
  • Less attention has been given to the short- and long-term consequences of child neglect and physical abuse. (nap.edu)
  • Many factors may contribute to a child developing conduct disorder, including brain damage, child abuse or neglect, genetic vulnerability, school failure, and traumatic life experiences. (nacac.org)
  • Journal of Clinical Child Psychology , 7, 113-117. (springer.com)
  • Introducing Child Psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21 (4): 407-412. (francoangeli.it)
  • Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. (pitt.edu)
  • Meeting the challenges of translational research in child psychology, Minnesota Symposium Series (273 - 314). (pitt.edu)
  • Thus children born from HIV positive mothers are exposed to the possibility of developing psychological problems related to a distorted relationship with their mother. (elsevier.com)
  • Nuevas Perspectivas En Psicologia Del Descarrollo En Lengua Inglesa (New perspectives in psychological development in the English language). (wikipedia.org)
  • Making Decisions About Children: Psychological Questions and Answers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Births to teenage mothers are associated generally with problems at several levels - biological, economic, social and psychological. (uakron.edu)
  • Children of teenage mothers face several psychological risks. (uakron.edu)
  • She is the author of two monographs on attachment theory published by the Society for Research in Child Development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cassidy's research program focuses on attachment, family relationships, and social and emotional development in children and adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cassidy's work linked secure attachment patterns in infancy with the development of empathy and altruism, school readiness, and successful peer relationships, and insecure patterns of attachment with child psychopathology. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this rare form of attachment, children will react inconsistently and often in a confused manner when presented with toys, strangers, and the separation and reunion with the mom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her research on attachment theory has important clinical applications for understanding addiction and for developing educational efforts to foster secure parent-child relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child-mother attachment and the self in six-year-olds. (wikipedia.org)
  • A formal randomized efficacy trial testing the Mothers and Toddlers' program, an attachment-based parenting intervention for mothers enrolled in addiction treatment and caring for young children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • MTP is the first parenting intervention developed for substance abusing mothers based on the attachment theory. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Specifying the neurobiological basis of human attachment: brain, hormones, and behavior in synchronous and intrusive mothers. (nih.gov)
  • This does not include thousands of children with attachment disorder adopted from other countries. (cyc-net.org)
  • Compared to securely attached children, attachment disordered children are significantly more likely to be aggressive, disruptive and antisocial. (cyc-net.org)
  • Attachment disorder affects all aspect of a child s functioning. (cyc-net.org)
  • Contrary to predictions, mothers with a dismissing attachment classification predominantly accounted for the change in maternal attributions over time. (uncg.edu)
  • An attachment disorder occurs due to traumatic disruption or other interferences with the caregiver-child bond during the first years of life. (nacac.org)
  • Thus, the increased propensity of allergic mothers to mount Th2-responses might generate favourable effects on the maintenance of pregnancy, but might also be unfavorable, as fetal exposure to a strong Th2 environment could influence the immune development in the offspring to a Th2-like phenotype, favouring IgE production and possibly allergy development later in life. (diva-portal.org)
  • The study group included 20 women with and 36 women without allergic symptoms followed during pregnancy (gestational week 10-12, 15-16, 25, 35, 39) and 2 and 12 months postpartum, and their children followed from birth to 6 years of age. (diva-portal.org)
  • This study will investigate the association between maternal cholesterol during pregnancy and cholesterol in the child, and the association with maternal diet. (fhi.no)
  • They concluded that maternal hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy induces changes in the fetal aorta that confer a long-term susceptibility of children to atherosclerosis. (fhi.no)
  • We know that children born to women with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes, or who have high blood sugar during pregnancy are at risk of becoming diabetic themselves. (healthcanal.com)
  • This study provides the first evidence that BPA exposure during pregnancy can induce a specific type of oxidative stress known as nitrosative stress in both the mother and offspring," said the senior author, Vasantha Padmanabhan, MS, PhD, of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, MI. (endocrine.org)
  • This trial has given us resources that we can use far into the future to look at how obesity affects the health of mothers and babies during pregnancy and beyond. (tommys.org)
  • More significantly, we are now undertaking research to find out if these changes during pregnancy have longer-term benefits for mothers and babies . (tommys.org)
  • UPBEAT-TEMPO: does changing lifestyle during pregnancy affect children at age 3-4? (tommys.org)
  • Researchers supported by Tommy's are looking at children of the women who took part in the original UPBEAT trial to see what effects a change of lifestyle during pregnancy is having as their children grow up. (tommys.org)
  • A new study published in the BMC Medicine journal has found one of the reasons of late-childhood obesity can be the low-quality diets that the mother ate during pregnancy. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The findings of a recent study suggest that an increased risk of obesity and excess body fat in children, especially during late-childhood can be associated with a low-quality diet during their mother's pregnancy, which is high in foods and food components associated with chronic inflammation, during pregnancy. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Researchers from University College Dublin, Ireland found that children of mothers who ate a higher quality diet, low in inflammation-associated foods, during pregnancy had a lower risk of obesity and lower body fat levels in late-childhood than children whose mothers ate a lower quality diet, high in inflammation-associated foods, while pregnant. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Our research indicates that children born to mothers who eat a low-quality diet, high in inflammation-associated foods, during pregnancy may be more likely to have obesity or excess body fat in late childhood than those born to mothers who eat a high-quality diet low in inflammation-associated foods. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Mothers reported the food they ate before and during pregnancy. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The researchers found that children born to mothers who ate diets high in foods associated with inflammation throughout pregnancy tended to have lower levels of fat-free body mass, indicating lower levels of muscle mass, in late-childhood than those whose mothers ate diets low in inflammation-associated foods. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Catherine Phillips, the principal investigator and coordinator of the ALPHABET project said: "Previous research has suggested that lower maternal carbohydrate intake in early pregnancy can induce epigenetic changes - that is changes which alter gene expression - in children that may be associated with an increased risk of obesity. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The second reason is because of the large number of children, as the magic of the medicine women of the clan are well known for their skill during pregnancy, delivery, and the early years of children. (angelfire.com)
  • In some states, under child-endangerment laws, parents who use opioids and other illicit drugs during pregnancy are automatically referred to child protective services. (srcd.org)
  • (20) Other treatment approaches that are often easier to afford, such as medically supervised discontinuation of opioid use during pregnancy, have high relapse rates and less maternal engagement in prenatal care, and do not provide postnatal parenting support essential for healthy child development. (srcd.org)
  • While there has been an increase in recent years in older, career-oriented women opting to have a child without being married, the largest group of unmarried mothers (and the group which is likely to have the most problems with pregnancy and parenting) is adolescents. (uakron.edu)
  • Teenage mothers suffer more pregnancy complications and have babies with problems more often than do older mothers. (uakron.edu)
  • Early action during pregnancy and proper follow-up care can stop HIV transmission from mother to child. (unicef.org)
  • Mothers don't know that they should come to the prenatal consultation to be checked during the first three months of pregnancy," she says. (unicef.org)
  • For example, social class differences may lead to specific differences in parental beliefs that are also related to child development (Kohn, 1969). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • For example, parents who tend to rate their children at a higher level than their actual performance may not have a firm understanding of early literacy development. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The New Parents Project was funded by the National Science Foundation, with additional support from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (eurekalert.org)
  • Future research is needed to examine potential longitudinal effects of maternal incarceration on child emotional development. (wm.edu)
  • Our objective was to gather information from caregivers of children experiencing procedural pain in the ED to inform the development of a novel, caregiver-focused knowledge translation (KT) tool. (springer.com)
  • The TRanslating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) Parent Advisory Group continuously informed this study, and provided input on interview guide development and piloting, data collection, analysis of the data, interpretation of the results, and development of next steps. (springer.com)
  • We examined the relationships between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their child's social skills development among preschool children, and how this relationship is mediated by mother's childrearing style. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Child Development , 55, 83-96. (springer.com)
  • Child Development , 55, 692-705. (springer.com)
  • He researched and published prolifically in all aspects of child social development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 29, no.3, serial no.94 Schaffer, H.R. & Schaffer, E.B. (1969). (wikipedia.org)
  • Her research has been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Development, 59(1), 121-134. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2‐3), 228-249. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Development, 63(2), 350-365. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Development, 65(4), 971-991. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1/2), 66-104. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's likely that being a teen mother is a risk factor that indicates poorer circumstance for development opportunities in some cases. (healthcanal.com)
  • Dr. Morinis points to teen mothers' limited opportunities for education and well-paid jobs or single parenthood as social factors that have a significant negative impact on childhood development. (healthcanal.com)
  • The study, published online today in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood , identified parenting involvement - such as playing, reading, and singing with the child - was predictive of higher-level child development. (healthcanal.com)
  • Early Years Centres, library programs or drop-in play programs are resources Dr. Morinis recommends to families that are concerned about increasing parenting involvement and improving child development. (healthcanal.com)
  • Language development was associated with improvements with increasing maternal age, with scores for children of mothers aged 20 being lower than those of children of mothers aged 40 by 0.21 to 0.22 standard deviations at ages 3 and 4 years. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion Increasing maternal age was associated with improved health and development for children up to 5 years of age. (bmj.com)
  • 3 Given the substantial and rapid increase in older motherhood and the known medical risks, it is important to determine whether, and how, older motherhood is linked to child health and development beyond the fetal stage. (bmj.com)
  • This intervention is an introductory, short-term, supportive, psychodynamic therapy for substance using mothers of young children that emphasizes the development of the capacity for mentalizing. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The notion that maternal personality characteristics influence cognitive development in their child ren has been grounded in stress moderation theory. (cdc.gov)
  • Research Interests: Gene-environment interplay, prenatal experiences, physiological responses to stress, pubertal development, parenting and parent-child relationships, development of behavior problems and substance use. (purdue.edu)
  • New evidence finds that family-focused approaches can improve upon models that treat individuals, expanding benefits and cost efficiencies, and improving the health and development of children. (srcd.org)
  • Peer commentary on the article "The development of respect in children and adolescents" by T. Malti, J. Peplak, and L. Zhang]. (sfu.ca)
  • Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of child and adolescent development Vol. III (volume editors, M. Harris & G. Westermann (pp. (sfu.ca)
  • Young children of affectively ill parents: a longitudinal study of psychosocial development. (nih.gov)
  • From Maier, H. W. Development Group Care of Children and Youth . (cyc-net.org)
  • These children are left without the most important foundation for healthy development. (cyc-net.org)
  • We know that fathers are very important to the development of children, yet for unmarried women who have children, very often there is no consistent male role model for the child. (uakron.edu)
  • UNICEF is committed to doing all it can to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in partnership with governments, civil society, business, academia and the United Nations family - and especially children and young people. (unicef.org)
  • Review of child development research: bd. (regjeringen.no)
  • The development of intentionality, vocabulary, and grammar in a child with autism. (lsu.edu)
  • Additionally, I have given over forty refereed or invited presentations, including many at national/international conferences such as the National Council on Family Relations and the Society for Research on Child Development. (justia.com)
  • The main aim of this thesis was to examine the different role of fathers and mothers in the development of anxiety in children, viewed from an evolutionary perspective. (uva.nl)
  • Vulnerability to depression in children and adolescents: update and perspectives]. (nih.gov)
  • A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in children and adolescents in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violated. (nacac.org)
  • The high risk sample of children with incarcerated mothers (n = 74) and a community sample of children (n = 89) completed measures of emotion regulation, depressive symptoms, and anxious symptoms. (wm.edu)
  • The findings suggest that economic hardship was linked to harsh parenting through mothers' depressive symptoms and parenting stress, both of which were related to increased harsh parenting. (ncfr.org)
  • Reciprocal associations between boys' externalizing problems and mothers' depressive symptoms. (pitt.edu)
  • GxGxE was examined in relation to depression diagnoses between ages 15 and 20 and depressive symptoms at age 20. (edu.au)
  • Using a subsample of 748 unmarried black mothers with their male child from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we tested a model linking economic hardship and nonresident fathers' involvement in single mothers' family life during black boys' early childhood (ages 3 - 5) to behavior problems in middle childhood (age 9). (ncfr.org)
  • Families Created by Egg Donation: Parent-Child Relationship Quality in Infancy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Respondents ( N = 2461) participated in the Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study (1998-2005), a population-based, birth cohort study of children born in 20 large US cities. (aappublications.org)
  • (2,3) The medical and legal response has mainly focused on individual needs, yet opioid addiction has wide-ranging impacts not only on individuals, but also on their families and children. (srcd.org)
  • (18) Even for parents who have access, opioid agonist treatment programs often overlook the impact of opioid addiction on children and families. (srcd.org)
  • 5 Specifically, the number of families headed by single mothers has increased 25 percent since 1990. (ascd.org)
  • two additional and interrelated factors are helping to fuel the increasing numbers of street children: the abuse and abandonment of children accused of sorcery, and the impact of HIV and AIDS on families and children affected by or infected with the virus. (eldis.org)
  • Families who adopt a child with special needs from foster care can claim a federal adoption tax credit even if they had no adoption expenses. (nacac.org)
  • Parenting self-efficacy, parenting stress and child behavior before and after a parenting programme. (francoangeli.it)
  • She found out she was HIV-positive in 2011, but thanks to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme, her five children are all HIV-negative. (unicef.org)
  • In 2010, the centre established a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme to help reduce the spread of the disease. (unicef.org)
  • She went to the health centre in Bukeye and decided to enter in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme when she was pregnant with her fourth child. (unicef.org)
  • The UNICEF-supported programme is considered as an essential step to ensuring an AIDS-free generation in Burundi, and has already helped many mothers make sure that none of their children is born with HIV. (unicef.org)
  • Youth Enterprise with Innovation in Nigeria Programme (YouWIN! (eldis.org)
  • 1 Previously, children who displayed these behaviors were given other labels. (ascd.org)
  • The increase in the number of children diagnosed as having oppositional-defiant behaviors is due in part to the appearance in 1980 of a new, more descriptive diagnostic label, and, in that sense, the perceived increase is akin to putting old vinegar into new bottles. (ascd.org)
  • Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors. (nap.edu)
  • In abused children, behaviors that reflect abuse they have experienced or witnessed. (nacac.org)
  • A pattern of disruptive behaviors in children that last for at least six months and cause problems in school, at home, and in social situations. (nacac.org)
  • However, while several studies have investigated the relation between maternal adiposity and dysglycemia and adult offspring cardiometabolic health, the relation between maternal dyslipidemia and offspring risk remains much less explored in humans. (fhi.no)
  • The present study compares the emotion regulation skills and symptoms of psychopathology in middle-childhood-age children (ages 7-12) with incarcerated mothers to those of a community sample of children not exposed to maternal incarceration. (wm.edu)
  • Psychopathology in children with intellectual disabilities. (bsl.nl)
  • The incarcerated mothers of the high risk sample (n = 82) and the mothers in the community sample (n = 92) completed measures of their child's externalizing symptoms and information regarding the mother-child relationship. (wm.edu)
  • In a Generalized Estimation Equation (GEE) logit model for mothers (n = 179) and children (n = 387), maternal untreated caries was a statistically significant correlate of child's untreated caries, odds ratio ( OR ) = 1.76 (95%CI: 1.10, 2.70), adjusted for demographic factors. (cdc.gov)
  • Dozens of studies have shown a significant statistical link between the use of CP with children and child aggression, including many studies that controlled for the child's initial level of aggression. (aappublications.org)
  • With controlling for the child's initial level of aggression, demographic features, and 8 potential parenting risk confounders, which to our knowledge have not previously been controlled simultaneously, more-frequent use of CP increased the risk for higher levels of child aggression. (aappublications.org)
  • Those who share a child's genetic heritage, blood relations, and extended family members. (nacac.org)
  • A child's biological mother or father. (nacac.org)
  • This absence of an age-dependent accommodation in word choice has implications for models of child lexical acquisition which assume adult language accommodation. (cambridge.org)
  • In recent years, much attention has been focused on the consequences of child sexual abuse, especially the adolescent and adult sexual behavior of the victim. (nap.edu)
  • The aim was to understand processes involved in the communication between professionals at a Family Health Strategy and mothers/dyads (mother-baby) about breast feeding. (scielo.br)
  • By using the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study ( MoBa) we will be able to study the relation between maternal and paternal hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascu lar risk markers in offspring. (fhi.no)
  • The study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a long-term nationally representative study of almost 19,000 children born between 2000 and 2001 across Britain. (healthcanal.com)
  • Setting Millennium Cohort Study (a random sample of UK children) and the National Evaluation of Sure Start study (a random sample of children in deprived areas in England), 2001 to 2007. (bmj.com)
  • To examine the effects of maternal diet on the likelihood of childhood obesity and excess body fat, the authors analysed data collected from 16,295 mother-child pairs in seven European birth cohort studies, from Ireland, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands and Poland, which are involved in the ALPHABET consortium. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Marked biological variance in endocrine and biochemical markers in childhood: establishment of pediatric reference intervals using healthy community children from the CALIPER cohort. (nature.com)
  • 36 weeks of gestational age, and 40 mothers in the skin-to-skin contact group (3 minutes before, during and after the heel puncture) and 40 newborn in the 25% sucrose group all newborn were hospitalized in rooming-in, of a university hospital in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil The participant mothers signed free and informed consent forms before data collection. (usp.br)
  • and comfort provided by the mother to the newborn. (usp.br)
  • The results showed an everyday building process concerning the role of being an adolescent mother, which leads to a feeling of security in view of the difficulties related to caring for the newborn. (scielo.br)
  • When their children were 9 months old, mothers spent nearly 70 percent of their time on an average workday (when they weren't working or sleeping) on some type of child care, compared to less than 50 percent of time for fathers, the research showed. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although the mothers and fathers had similar work constraints, the mothers still invested significantly more time into parenting," said Letitia Kotila, lead author of the study and a doctoral student in human sciences at The Ohio State University. (eurekalert.org)
  • Our findings show that the differences in how much time mothers and fathers devote to parenting start appearing soon after birth," she said. (eurekalert.org)
  • The results showed that both mothers and fathers were highly involved with their children, Schoppe-Sullivan said. (eurekalert.org)
  • But results showed that mothers spent more than twice as much of their parenting time on routine child care than did fathers, even after breastfeeding and pumping were accounted for. (eurekalert.org)
  • We have always talked about fathers doing more, but it may be that mothers should do less. (eurekalert.org)
  • Today's dads are likely doing much more child care than fathers of previous generations. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is unlikely that adolescent mothers will marry the fathers of their children. (uakron.edu)
  • Despite the modern ideals of 'involved fatherhood' and shared caregiving, parenting services and programs continue to be oriented toward mothers rather than mothers and fathers as co-parents. (aifs.gov.au)
  • adding: "What they are doing is 'requiring women to cooperate with the Child Support Enforcement Agency in filling out this form and filing suit against the fathers as a condition to receiving help. (nytimes.com)
  • His father died of pneumonia in Theresienstadt concentration camp, and his mother was gassed in Auschwitz. (wikipedia.org)
  • In their statistical analyses, Barclay and Myrskylä compared siblings who share the same biological mother and father. (mpg.de)
  • 2. the relation of child to parent, especially father. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Barclay and Myrskylä used data from over 1.5 million Swedish men and women born between 1960 and 1991 to examine the relationship between maternal age at the time of birth, and height, physical fitness, grades in high school, and educational attainment of the children. (mpg.de)
  • The risk of children having unintentional injuries requiring medical attention or being admitted to hospital both declined with increasing maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • Immunisation rates at nine months increased with maternal age from 94.6% for mothers aged 20 to 98.1% for mothers aged 40. (bmj.com)
  • This was linked to rates for the combined measles, mumps, and rubella immunisation because excluding these resulted in no significant relation with maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • An increase in overweight children at ages 3 and 5 years associated with increasing maternal age was eliminated once maternal body mass index was included as a covariate. (bmj.com)
  • It identifies the main challenges experienced by mothers and considers the child, maternal, family and contextual factors associated with reporting specific challenges, including being a parent for the first time, ethnicity, maternal age, child health problems, parenting confidence, parenting satisfaction, and being in paid employment. (aifs.gov.au)
  • Children of older mothers are healthier, taller and obtain more education than the children of younger mothers. (mpg.de)
  • At three years, immunisation rates reached a maximum, at 81.3% for mothers aged 27, being lower for younger and older mothers. (bmj.com)
  • They are more economically disadvantaged and less psychologically mature than older mothers. (uakron.edu)
  • This form is intended for parents who have preschool-aged children that will enter Kindergarten in September of 2016 or later. (google.com)
  • According to UNAIDS, in the year 2016, 2,900 people died due to the virus, and there were still 84,000 people living with HIV, of whom over 12,000 were children aged 0 to 14. (unicef.org)
  • A Calgary mother convicted in her son's 'senseless' death after failing to take the bedridden seven-year-old to a doctor for his treatable strep infection was sentenced to three years in prison Friday. (cbc.ca)
  • This sentence of three years really pales in comparison to the life sentence she's received already for being responsible for the death of her child,' Hepner said. (cbc.ca)
  • Mothers of 1341 Japanese children, aged 4-5 years, completed a self-report questionnaire on their SOC and childrearing style. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The nutritional education demands of primary-school children in Tehran were evaluated in a qualitative study, through 20 focus group discussions, 16 for children and 4 for mothers, among 128 children aged 6-11 years and 32 mothers in 8 primary schools in Tehran. (who.int)
  • Women with at least one child under 18 years were targeted and given an interview questionnaire. (who.int)
  • In Ontario, we're fortunate to have free services like Early Years Centres that can help offset the effects of being born into a negative social situation," said Dr. Morinis, who is also a staff physician at The Hospital for Sick Children. (healthcanal.com)
  • Ontario Early Years Centres offer children up to the age of six and their caregivers opportunities to take part in programs and activities together. (healthcanal.com)
  • These children were assessed for reasoning skills and intelligence when they were five years old. (healthcanal.com)
  • A child born in 1990, for example, had a much higher probability of going to a college or university than somebody born 20 years earlier. (mpg.de)
  • My mother-in-law has in the past ten years had skin cancer follow. (healthlinkusa.com)
  • Participants 31 257 children at age 9 months, 24 781 children at age 3 years, and 22 504 at age 5 years. (bmj.com)
  • On average, mothers were 30 years old and had a healthy BMI. (hindustantimes.com)
  • He had a twin sibling named Rouda who died 4 years ago, and was mother of Neb, Deg, Cag, Korda, Ged (now dead), and Orda, whom he treats all as if they were from his hearth rather than his sibling's. (angelfire.com)
  • Trajectories of maternal depression over 7 years: relations with child psychophysiology and behavior and role of contextual risks. (nih.gov)
  • Twenty years ago most educators had never heard of children who were categorized as being oppositional-defiant, but today many teachers have such a child in their classroom. (ascd.org)
  • Youth violence in the United States has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. (ascd.org)
  • my mother aged 58 years is diagnosed with subacute hypersensitive pneumonitis(hp) a month ago and is on corticosteroid 60mg/day al. (medhelp.org)
  • My mother is 75 years old and she was diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. (medhelp.org)
  • Every year approximately 10 million children under 5 years of age die throughout the world, mostly in developing countries. (who.int)
  • Population-based studies suggest that poor access to health care, which results in delayed attendance at a health facility or none at all, may be a key determinant of mortality in children under 5 years of age in developing countries. (who.int)
  • Therefore, we evaluated traditional measures of access to health care in addition to non-traditional measures to study mortality in children under 5 years of age in the Gambia. (who.int)
  • The cases were all children under 5 years of age under coverage by the FDSS who had died between 31 December 2003 and 30 April 2006. (who.int)
  • Controls were children under 5 years of age who were registered in the FDSS and who were alive at the time their respective cases died. (who.int)
  • Mr. Nash's agency was created several years ago because of a change in the Social Security Act, which required states to try to establish paternity and obtain support for children born out of wedlock. (nytimes.com)
  • Although serious aggressive behavior in children arises from many sources, few contemporary behavioral scientists would deny the clear link between childhood aggression and patterns of abusive, neglectful, and violent behavior within the home. (springer.com)
  • They are flooding our child welfare system with an overwhelming array of problems - emotional, behavioral, social, cognitive, developmental, physical and moral - and growing up to perpetuate the cycle with their own children. (cyc-net.org)
  • Do the Predictors of Child Conduct Problems Vary by High- and Low-Levels of Socioeconomic and Neighborhood Risk? (pitt.edu)
  • The interviews were performed after the adolescent mothers were discharged from the hospital. (scielo.br)
  • About 95% of adolescent mothers plan to keep and rear their children themselves. (uakron.edu)
  • Most babies born to adolescent mothers are fathered by men who are not in their teens. (uakron.edu)
  • As mentioned earlier, there is greater likelihood that adolescent mothers and their children will live in poverty, with all the problems that involves. (uakron.edu)
  • Most previous research suggests that the older women are when they give birth, the greater the health risks are for their children. (mpg.de)
  • However, despite the risks associated with delaying childbearing, children may also benefit from mothers delaying childbearing to older ages. (mpg.de)
  • It shows that despite the risks associated with childbearing at older ages, which are attributable to aging of the reproductive system, these risks are either counterbalanced, or outweighed, by the positive changes to the environment in the period during which the mother delayed her childbearing. (mpg.de)
  • So, stopping these before they start would be the best way of preventing other risks for both mother and baby. (tommys.org)
  • (p723) 10 Such concerns are rooted in the increasing body of empirical evidence suggesting that the risks of using CP against children are likely to outweigh the potential benefits. (aappublications.org)
  • Mothers' estimations were higher than those of teachers, and spelling level was estimated as the lowest domain by teachers and parents. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The transition from kindergarten to the formal schooling system is an important process not only for the children but also for parents. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • There is a marked tendency in the schizophrenic to limit his object relations to the parent or parents and thus to assume a submissive and dependent role. (pep-web.org)
  • Both parents may think they should divide child care responsibilities equally, but mothers still feel a special pressure to show they are being the best parent they can be," said Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan, co-author of the study and associate professor of human sciences at Ohio State. (eurekalert.org)
  • The parents completed the diaries when their child was 3 months old and 9 months old. (eurekalert.org)
  • Schoppe-Sullivan noted that the habits and routines parents showed here with their first children are likely to continue if they have additional children. (eurekalert.org)
  • Eidsvik noted the sentence was also designed to deter other parents from failing their children in the same way. (cbc.ca)
  • Stress-reducing interventions are needed for parents of children with autism and other disabilities that include biomarkers as indices of risk or treatment outcome. (bsl.nl)
  • What parents can come closer and touch your child will need assistance to help you understand the situation and find ways to contact us. (usp.br)
  • What is happening is that, especially in the first contact, the parents need to make the team any intermediation, as are a number of devices connected to your child and are faced with something completely strange and distant from everything that could have imagined. (usp.br)
  • the spiritual relationship between godparents, or between them and the actual parents of a child. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Despite American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations to the contrary, most parents in the United States approve of and have used CP as a form of child discipline. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 Estimates of US parents who have used CP vary from 35% to 90%, depending on key modifiers such as the age and gender of the child and the type of punishment specified (eg, spanking or slapping). (aappublications.org)
  • In treating opioid addiction, moving from an individual approach to a family-focused approach to treatment can have lasting benefits for children and parents, and decrease health care costs. (srcd.org)
  • Over the long term, parents' opioid addiction, coupled with chaotic home environments, increase the chances that children will engage in substance use, (12,13) setting the stage for intergenerational drug abuse and lifelong health consequences for children. (srcd.org)
  • Children lacking secure attachments with caregivers commonly grow up to be parents who are incapable of establishing this crucial foundation with their own children. (cyc-net.org)
  • The study of differential parental treatment of siblings has been used to document child effects on parents. (questia.com)
  • This 3-week pilot program is being trialled in Victoria by Maternal and Child Health Services, as part of their suite of free programs offered to all new, first time parents. (aifs.gov.au)
  • Men no longer look after their parents in their old age, and fail to provide for their own children. (all-creatures.org)
  • 7 Research has convincingly shown that single parents and parents living in poverty are more likely to use harsh, inconsistent parenting practices, and their children are more likely to be noncompliant, defiant, and aggressive. (ascd.org)
  • The legal document through which prospective parents request the court's permission to adopt a specific child. (nacac.org)
  • Indeed, from 1976 to 1986 the number of emotionally disturbed children in schools increased 32 percent, 3 and a large-scale study done in the idyllic setting of rural Vermont found that 20 percent of the preschool children in day care displayed frequent aggression. (ascd.org)
  • Spasticity is considered an important neural contributor to muscle hypertonia in children with cerebral palsy (CP). (ebscohost.com)
  • Objective: The assessment of depression and quality of life (QoL) in mothers of children with cerebral palsy ( CP) and a comparison to mothers of healthy children. (ebscohost.com)
  • The objective of this study was to measure the effect of lower extremity multilevel botulinum toxin A injections and comprehensive rehabilitation on spasticity and to determine the functional gains in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. (ebscohost.com)
  • Children With Cerebral Palsy: Psychomotor and Cognitive Function. (ebscohost.com)
  • A review of the article "Relationship between gross motor and intellectual function in children with cerebral palsy: A cross-sectional study," by H. Dalvand and colleagues that appeared in the March 2012 issue, is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • This study aims to analyze the quality of life of mothers of children with cerebral palsy , correlated with the evolution of their children 's gross motor function after ten months of rehabilitation . (bvsalud.org)
  • An observational, longitudinal study was carried out in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil , involving 100 mothers and children with cerebral palsy . (bvsalud.org)
  • The improvement in the motor function of children with cerebral palsy did not influence the changes in the mothers ' quality of life . (bvsalud.org)
  • Prematurity and low birth weight - which increase the likelihood of cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and epilepsy in these babies - occur most often in the babies of teenage mothers. (uakron.edu)
  • Se trata de un estudio de observación , longitudinal, realizado en la ciudad de Goiania, estado de Goiás, en Brasil , con 100 madres y sus hijos con parálisis cerebral . (bvsalud.org)
  • Suicidal ideation and attempts: a longitudinal investigation of children of depressed and well mothers. (nih.gov)
  • Timing of mother and child depression in a longitudinal study of children at risk. (nih.gov)
  • A controlled longitudinal 5-year follow-up study of children at high and low risk for panic disorder and major depression. (nih.gov)
  • The researchers then measured the resulting oxidative stress on the mothers and their offspring using blood samples. (endocrine.org)
  • In this dissertation, the focus was on two parental factors that have been associated with anxiety in children: social referencing and parenting behavior. (uva.nl)
  • Patients and Methods: Forty-nine children with CP and their mothers and 30 mothers with healthy children were included. (ebscohost.com)
  • In the contemporary field of mother-child health we do not face a single concept of science, but new/renewed paradigms of thought and diversity of methods. (scielo.br)
  • Developmental behavior geneticists argue that child effects on adults reflect a process of genotype → environment effects. (questia.com)
  • When your child does not reach their developmental milestones at the expected times. (nacac.org)
  • The findings were published online this week in the December 2013 issue of the journal Family Relations . (eurekalert.org)
  • These findings provide valuable insight regarding the socioemotional adaptation of children experiencing maternal incarceration. (wm.edu)
  • The current findings suggest that even minor forms of CP, such as spanking, increase risk for increased child aggressive behavior. (aappublications.org)
  • Increased mRNA expression of CCL22 in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC), and increased CCL17 and CCL22 levels in CB were observed in children later developing allergic symptoms and sensitisation as compared with children who did not. (diva-portal.org)
  • Analyses reveal that older children in the high risk sample reported inhibiting their anger and sadness more than the community sample and incarcerated mothers reported more externalizing symptoms in their children than did mothers in the community sample. (wm.edu)
  • Across samples, anger coping negatively predicting externalizing symptoms for younger children and sadness dysregulation predicted externalizing symptoms for girls and older boys. (wm.edu)
  • Within the high risk sample, mother-child contact frequency of incarcerations and length of mother-child separation due to current incarceration was associated with adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation skills, along with internalizing and externalizing symptoms. (wm.edu)
  • In addition, we conducted a validation study of a newly developed questionnaire for the DSM-5 to measure symptoms of child anxiety in a dimensional way (Chapter 7). (uva.nl)
  • Their mothers then take them to the nearest health centre to continue the vaccination plan, Ramos explains, with pride. (allafrica.com)
  • Darlene, 40, sits with two of her children at her local health centre. (unicef.org)
  • Darlene holds her child on her lap at the local health centre. (unicef.org)
  • A multi-method, multi-informant index of chronic family stress was derived from interviews and questionnaires administered at youth age 15. (edu.au)
  • JUNEAU, Alaska,March 29 (AP)-Questionnaires that ask unmarried welfare mothers how often they have had sex and with whom have angered some state legislators so much they are vowing to slash funding for the agency that distributes aid for dependent children. (nytimes.com)
  • Mothers' speech adjustment: the contribution of selected child listener variables. (cambridge.org)
  • This study used a stress biomarker, diurnal cortisol, to identify how elevated stress in mothers of children and adults with autism and other disabilities relates to their health and mental health. (bsl.nl)
  • Mothers in the blunted (vs. steep) trajectory had higher stress levels, lower health ratings, and 89 % of mothers of children with autism, and 53 % with other disabilities, belonged to this trajectory. (bsl.nl)
  • Grammatical morphology in a child with Autism. (lsu.edu)
  • The social interaction skills of a child with autism. (lsu.edu)
  • Under the brilliant sunshine on June 1 at Most Holy Redeemer Cemetery in Northeast Baltimore, Mom's five children, a handful of other loved ones and close family friends stand before her casket. (ncronline.org)
  • Child Care and the Family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family support was considered important to help the young mother during this new phase of her life. (scielo.br)
  • Mothers enrolled in PEP will meet weekly for one hour with a PE counselor who will provide assistance in solving problems related to family basic needs (e.g., health care, child care, housing and education). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mothers enrolled in PEP will meet weekly for one hour with a PE counselor who will provide assistance in solving problems related to family basic needs and a choice of pamphlets on age-related parenting topics. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Many teenage mothers manage to finish school, work and have a good family life for their children. (uakron.edu)
  • Darlene is now divorced and lives with her five children in Bukeye, in central-western Burundi, where she farms to feed her family. (unicef.org)
  • I am the Kathryn Norwood and Claude Fussel Alumni Professor in the College of Agriculture in the Division of Family, Child, and Consumer Sciences at Louisiana State University. (justia.com)
  • I received 2004 sectional Paper of the Year Award the National Council on Family Relations. (justia.com)
  • 5. Since 2002, I have been a member of the faculty of the Division of Family, Child, and Consumer Services at Louisiana State University. (justia.com)
  • The child or adolescent usually exhibits these behavior patterns in a variety of settings-at home, at school, and in social situations-and they cause significant impairment in his or her social, academic, and family functioning. (nacac.org)
  • COLUMBUS, Ohio - Even in couples most likely to believe in sharing parenting responsibilities, mothers still bear significantly more of the child care load, a new study reveals. (eurekalert.org)
  • Synchrony and specificity in the maternal and the paternal brain: relations to oxytocin and vasopressin. (nih.gov)
  • The different role of maternal and paternal social referencing signals in child anxiety was examined in Chapter 3 and 4. (uva.nl)
  • The exclusive interaction with the mother precludes the variety of object relations and identifications that determine flexibility. (pep-web.org)
  • Interaction between the mother and the child. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Interaction of chronic stress with serotonin transporter and catechol-O-methyltransferase polymorphisms in predicting youth depression. (edu.au)
  • Research Interests: 1) Developing, evaluating, and disseminating community-based interventions to decrease sedentary behavior, increase physical activity, and prevent and treat obesity in children and 2) using accelerometers and innovative data analysis strategies to improve estimates of child sleep, sedentary behavior, and physical activity. (purdue.edu)
  • 1 An understanding of the risk factors associated with child mortality and the design of appropriate interventions are urgently required. (who.int)
  • Parent's relation to child? (google.com)
  • Young children underwent an aversive conditioning procedure either in the parent's presence or alone. (nature.com)
  • We showed that despite disliking the aversive unconditioned stimulus, children exhibited a behavioural approach for conditioned stimuli that were acquired in the parent's presence and an avoidance for stimuli acquired in the parent's absence, an effect that was strongest among those with the lowest cortisol levels. (nature.com)
  • We also explored the modifying effects of maternal self-esteem on the association between exposure to lead and neurodevelopment in these child ren. (cdc.gov)
  • Mothers' harsh discipline practices were assessed concurrently through ratings by interviewers and reports by spouses. (wiley.com)
  • The aim here is to survey the oral hygiene practices that are commonly followed by Arab children and to see its relationship with their dental caries status. (hindawi.com)
  • Good oral hygiene practices are recommended by specialists for preventing these oral diseases [ 4 , 5 ], and studies conducted earlier have reported poor oral hygiene among children to be associated with the onset of dental caries [ 6 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Knowing about oral hygiene practices of children among Arab regions like that of Saudi Arabia will aid in proper design and implementation of oral health promotion programs, thus reducing the prevalence of oral diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. (springer.com)
  • These case studies illustrate how UNICEF support is helping countries to strengthen child protection systems and promote social change to align social norms and practices with child protection. (eldis.org)
  • accessibility (watching over the child, but no other parenting activities) and routine care (bathing, feeding, diapering). (eurekalert.org)
  • But while dads may have room to do more routine care, Schoppe-Sullivan said the results also serve as a warning to mothers about giving themselves a break. (eurekalert.org)
  • If your child is not getting better, you are legally and morally bound to take your child to an actual doctor for actual medical care. (cbc.ca)
  • Caregivers of children who underwent intravenous (IV) insertion or venipuncture in the pediatric ED at an urban tertiary care centre were interviewed. (springer.com)
  • They also expressed that healthcare providers should direct information about the procedure to their child and identified strategies to involve children in their care. (springer.com)
  • The participants responded to the instrument assessing their concepts of who should care for children under age three. (ed.gov)
  • Children were excluded from the study if their primary caregiver could not be located or had since died or if their cause of death was unrelated to access to health care (e.g. congenital malformations, in-hospital neonatal deaths, immediate death after an injury, etc. (who.int)
  • In Ontario, Canada, children in foster care/children who are the legal responsibility of the government. (nacac.org)
  • In this study we focused on the relationship between knowledge that two key educational figures, i.e. mothers and teachers, have regarding first graders' literacy levels. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 32 children born from HIV infected mothers (8 HIV infected and 24 seroreverted uninfected) were followed up from 1990 to 1995 at the Neurological Institute "C. Mondino" in Pavia to study the mother and baby relationship. (elsevier.com)
  • The study of 182 dual-earner couples found that the mothers' additional parenting burden started early, when their first child was less than a year old. (eurekalert.org)
  • This qualitative study aimed to understand how the adolescent puerperae experience caring for their child at home. (scielo.br)
  • The purpose of the study was to test the equivalence of a short zidovudine (ZDV) regimen as compared to a longer, ACTG-076-like, ZDV regimen in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmi. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Taking this perspective, this new MPIDR-study shows that when women delay childbearing to older ages their children are healthier, taller, and more highly educated. (mpg.de)
  • Study participants included 379 mother- child pairs from Mexico City. (cdc.gov)
  • Children of currently depressed mothers: a STAR*D ancillary study. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine American and Japanese pre-service teachers' understanding of the notion of whether or not children under age three should be cared for by their mothers at home. (ed.gov)
  • While the current Nigerian government's commitment to youth employment is evident in the investments being made through these youth employment and empowerment programmes, this study provides further evidence that such schemes lack a gender analysis and responsiveness, which combined with other issues, affect such programmes' transparency, operational effectiveness, politicisation and impact. (eldis.org)
  • Loneliness and peer relations in young children. (wikipedia.org)
  • PE was developed to represent parent education and support that is typically available to mothers with substance use problems who are at high risk for neglecting their young children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A new corpus of spontaneous conversations between adults and children is examined for evidence that adults simplify their vocabulary choices when speaking with young children. (cambridge.org)
  • HAMPTON - A mother charged with killing two of her three young sons was given a court-appointed attorney Friday and told to appear for a preliminary hearing July 24. (dailypress.com)
  • As I watched a young girl, dark-skinned like me, being prepared by village elders for her mutilation, I suddenly flashed back to a dim, chilly house my mother took me to when I was about seven. (motherjones.com)
  • Young mothers are less mature and less able to provide stable living arrangements, so children experience more moves and more changes in caretakers. (uakron.edu)
  • The research I have shows that it is common in young children. (medhelp.org)
  • This young population should have access to comprehensive SRH services and youth-focused sexuality education that goes beyond abstinence-only messages. (eldis.org)
  • from an early age, the nonschizophrenic child was able to escape complete domination and strive for independence. (pep-web.org)
  • The psychosomatic disorders are considered as the result of an early distortion of the mother and baby relationship. (elsevier.com)
  • For example, comparing two siblings born to the same mother decades apart, on average the child born when the mother was in her early 40s spends more than a year longer in the educational system than his or her sibling born when the mother was in her early 20s. (mpg.de)
  • Evidence from other research suggests mothers' direct time with their children has actually increased since the 1950s. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Camp Sundown kids suffer from skin diseases so rare that the National Organization for Rare Disorders receives no money for research. (courant.com)
  • Critics of socialization research argue that there are reciprocal influences within parent-child relationships. (questia.com)
  • Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed. (bioportfolio.com)
  • If that same woman had a child at 40, she would have given birth in 1990. (mpg.de)
  • Children of teenage mothers had more difficulties than children of mothers aged 40 (difference 0.28 SD at age 3 and 0.16 SD at age 5). (bmj.com)
  • Teenage mothers, in particular, are also much more likely to live in poverty than married mothers. (uakron.edu)
  • Frequently, teenage mothers must rely on public assistance to help raise their children, and if the teenager is living in poverty herself before becoming pregnant, she is much more likely to continue living in poverty with her child, thus perpetuating the cycle of poverty. (uakron.edu)
  • Many teenage mothers are able to raise their children to be responsible, confident, capable, caring individuals and are able to do so against long odds sometimes. (uakron.edu)
  • Teenage mothers are less likely to finish their education or seek higher education, have fewer job skills, and thus are less likely to be able to raise themselves up out of poverty. (uakron.edu)