The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Surgery performed on the heart.
The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The status of health in rural populations.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.
Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
The status of health in urban populations.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The period following a surgical operation.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.
An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.

The expiry date of man: a synthesis of evolutionary biology and public health. (1/2577)

In industrialised countries, mortality and morbidity are dominated by age related chronic degenerative diseases. The health and health care needs of future populations will be heavily determined by these conditions of old age. Two opposite scenarios of future morbidity exist: morbidity might decrease ("compress"), because life span is limited, and the incidence of disease is postponed. Or morbidity might increase ("expand"), because death is delayed more than disease incidence. Optimality theory in evolutionary biology explains senescence as a by product of an optimised life history. The theory clarifies how senescence is timed by the competing needs for reproduction and survival, and why this leads to a generalised deterioration of many functions at many levels. As death and disease are not independent, future morbidity will depend on duration and severity of the process of senescence, partly determined by health care, palliating the disease severity but increasing the disease duration by postponing death. Even if morbidity might be compressed, health care needs will surely expand.  (+info)

Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64. (2/2577)

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved.  (+info)

Surveillance of morbidity during wildfires--Central Florida, 1998. (3/2577)

Several large wildfires occurred in Florida during June-July 1998, many involving both rural and urban areas in Brevard, Flagler, Orange, Putnam, Seminole, and Volusia counties. By July 22, a total of 2277 fires had burned 499,477 acres throughout the state (Florida Department of Community Affairs, unpublished data, 1998). On June 22, after receiving numerous phone calls from persons complaining of respiratory problems attributable to smoke, the Volusia County Health Department issued a public health alert advising persons with pre-existing pulmonary or cardiovascular conditions to avoid outdoor air in the vicinity of the fires. To determine whether certain medical conditions increased in frequency during the wildfires, the Volusia County Health Department and the Florida Department of Health initiated surveillance of selected conditions. This report summarizes the results of this investigation.  (+info)

Premature morbidity from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. (4/2577)

OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of morbidity due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: I used the California Hospital Discharge Database, which contains information on all discharges from acute care hospitals in California, to identify women with SLE who had been hospitalized for treatment of either acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) from 1991 to 1994. I compared the proportions of hospitalizations for each cause among women with SLE with those in a group of women without SLE, for 3 age strata (18-44 years, 45-64 years, and > or =65 years). RESULTS: Compared with young women without SLE, young women with SLE were 2.27 times more likely to be hospitalized because of AMI (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.08-3.46), 3.80 times more likely to be hospitalized because of CHF (95% CI 2.41-5.19), and 2.05 times more likely to be hospitalized because of CVA (95% CI 1.17-2.93). Among middle-aged women with SLE, the frequencies of hospitalization for AMI and CVA did not differ from those of the comparison group, but the risk of hospitalization for CHF was higher (odds ratio [OR] 1.39, 95% CI 1.05-1.73). Among elderly women with SLE, the risk of hospitalization for AMI was significantly lower (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.51-0.89), the risk of hospitalization for CHF was higher (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.01-1.49), and the risk of hospitalization for CVA was not significantly different from those in the comparison group. CONCLUSION: Young women with SLE are at substantially increased risk of AMI, CHF, and CVA. The relative odds of these conditions decrease with age among women with SLE.  (+info)

Detection of transposition of the great arteries in fetuses reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality. (5/2577)

BACKGROUND: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a life-threatening malformation in neonates, but it is amenable to complete repair. Prenatal detection, diagnosis, and early management may modify neonatal mortality and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Preoperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality were compared in 68 neonates with prenatal diagnosis and in 250 neonates with a postnatal diagnosis of TGA over a period of 10 years. The delay between birth and admission was 2+/-2.8 hours in the prenatal group and 73+/-210 hours in the neonatal group (P<0.01). Clinical condition at arrival, including metabolic acidosis and multiorgan failure, was worse in the neonatal group (P<0.01). Once in the pediatric cardiology unit, the management was identical in the 2 groups (atrioseptostomy, PGE1 infusion, operation date). Preoperative mortality was 15 of 250 (6%; 95% CI, 3% to 9%) in the neonatal group and 0 of 68 in the prenatal group (P<0.05). Postoperative morbidity was not different (25 of 235 versus 6 of 68), but hospital stay was longer in the neonatal group (30+/-17 versus 24+/-11 days, P<0.01). In addition, postoperative mortality was significantly higher in the neonatal group (20 of 235 versus 0 of 68, P<0.01); however, the known risk factors for operative mortality were identical in the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal diagnosis reduces mortality and morbidity in TGA. Prenatal detection of this cardiac defect must be increased to improve early neonatal management. In utero transfer of fetuses with prenatal diagnosis of TGA in an appropriate unit is mandatory.  (+info)

Army families and the general practitioner. (6/2577)

The military component of a rural general practice is described with details of increased workload and morbidity for conditions associated with emotional stress.  (+info)

The impact of depression on the physical health of family members. (7/2577)

BACKGROUND: Depressive illness is common. Depression in one family member is associated with an increased incidence of psychopathology in other family members. There are no data on the physical well being of the families of depressed individuals. AIM: To compare physical morbidity of family members of depressed patients with that of family members of comparison patients. METHOD: A comparative follow-up study from case notes. Two hundred and one subjects from 88 families with an index family member diagnosed with depression ('depression families') were compared with 200 subjects from 88 families with a matched index subject without depression ('comparison families'), using the Duke University Illness Severity Scores (ISS) to assess burden of illness experienced by both groups. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of depression over 11 months in depression families was 8.9% compared to 1.4% in the Family Practice Unit as a whole. Members of depression families had significantly greater ISS than members of comparison families (difference in means = 0.164; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.113-0.215; P < 0.001). Excluding family members with depression (in addition to the index subject), ISS of members of depression families remained significantly greater than the comparison group (difference in means = 0.136; 95% CI 0.083-0.189; P < 0.001). Among depression families, mean ISS was significantly higher after presentation of depression in index subjects compared with before (difference in means = 0.155; 95% CI 0.115-0.194; P < 0.0001). No significant difference was seen between ISS of depression and comparison families before presentation of depression (difference in means = 0.008; 95% CI -0.004-0.058; P = 0.74). CONCLUSION: Depression in patients is associated with increased physical morbidity in their families.  (+info)

Morbidity and mortality attributable to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use in Canada. (8/2577)

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated morbidity and mortality attributable to substance abuse in Canada. METHODS: Pooled estimates of relative risk were used to calculate etiologic fractions by age, gender, and province for 91 causes of disease or death attributable to alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs. RESULTS: There were 33,498 deaths and 208,095 hospitalizations attributed to tobacco, 6701 deaths and 86,076 hospitalizations due to alcohol, and 732 deaths and 7095 hospitalizations due to illicit drugs in 1992. CONCLUSIONS: Substance abuse exacts a considerable toll on Canadian society in terms of morbidity and mortality, accounting for 21% of deaths, 23% of years of potential life lost, and 8% of hospitalizations.  (+info)

Background Morbidity and mortality conferences are a tool for evaluating care management, but they lack a precise format for practice in intensive care units.. Objectives To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of regular morbidity and mortality conferences specific to intensive care units for improving quality of care and patient safety.. Methods For 1 year, a prospective study was conducted in an 18-bed intensive care unit. Events analyzed included deaths in the unit and 4 adverse events (unexpected cardiac arrest, unplanned extubation, reintubation within 24-48 hours after planned extubation, and readmission to the unit within 48 hours after discharge) considered potentially preventable in optimal intensive care practice. During conferences, events were collectively analyzed with the help of an external auditor to determine their severity, causality, and preventability.. Results During the study period, 260 deaths and 100 adverse events involving 300 patients were analyzed. The adverse ...
For research papers The BMJ has fully open peer review. This means that accepted research papers submitted from September 2014 onwards usually have their prepublication history posted alongside them on thebmj.com.. This prepublication history comprises all previous versions of the manuscript, the study protocol (submitting the protocol is mandatory for all clinical trials and encouraged for all other studies at The BMJ), the report from the manuscript committee meeting, the reviewers comments, and the authors responses to all the comments from reviewers and editors.. In rare instances we determine after careful consideration that we should not make certain portions of the prepublication record publicly available. For example, in cases of stigmatised illnesses we seek to protect the confidentiality of reviewers who have these illnesses. In other instances there may be legal or regulatory considerations that make it inadvisable or impermissible to make available certain parts of the ...
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This educational activity is designed to serve as a platform for reviewing the learning opportunities in selected, adverse events, and as a means to meet a graduate medical education requirement. More than 90% of academic programs have a M&M conference. In the Department of Surgery, residents and fellows predominate as the presenters and the primary audience, however the learning environment experience is strengthened with consistent faculty input ...
Ravi Kiran E, Vijaya K, Sajjan BS, Satish Kumar V, Aneeta R, AnandVimalDev D, Jegan P. Morbidity pattern and Time trends of Filaria cases at a PHC in Dakshina Kannada District. Ind. J. Pub. Health. 2005;49(2):100-101 ...
Values shown are as of October 1971.. Curative medical care was available free of charge to the villagers on weekdays throughout the period of the study at a clinic adjacent to the feeding center. The program relied on auxiliary nurses to provide care under the close supervision of a physician, to whom difficult cases were referred. Pregnant women were immunized against tetanus and children against tuberculosis, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, measles, and poliomyelitis. Additional details are given in Habicht and Martorell (1992).. In addition to data on the intake of supplement by mothers and children, longitudinal information on diet, morbidity, growth, and mental development was collected at specific ages in children from birth to seven years of age, and dietary, morbidity, anthropometric, and clinical information on mothers during pregnancy and lactation. Diets were assessed by means of 24-hour dietary recalls, and morbidity data were collected through interviews of mothers at home ...
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of cancer patients experience psychiatric morbidity in association with diagnosis and treatment. If this morbidity is to be reduced, a better understanding is needed of the factors which influence adjustment to cancer. METHOD: A review of the literature was carried out to explore those factors associated with poor psychological adjustment to cancer. These are described under four heading: characteristics of the patient; disease and treatment variables; the interaction between patient and illness; and environmental factors. RESULTS: A number of risk factors for psychiatric morbidity can be identified from each of the four areas. Methodological limitations are highlighted, in particular the preponderance of cross-sectional study designs. CONCLUSIONS: Increased awareness of the risk factors for psychiatric morbidity should lead to earlier detection and more appropriate treatment. Future research should focus on those risk factors which are potentially modifiable ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Bereavement and long-term morbidity. T2 - an Australian project. AU - Bartrop, Roger W.. AU - Forcier, Lina. AU - Jones, Mike. AU - Kubb, Rosie. AU - Luckhurst, Elizabeth. AU - Penny, Ronald. PY - 1990/11/19. Y1 - 1990/11/19. N2 - spouse-bereaved subjects who had participated in earlier bereavement studies volunteered to allow investigation of their health up to eleven years after the death of their spouse. Re-enrolled controls were also studied over a similar period. Morbidity was measured in three ways: self-reports from the subjects, data obtained from medical records, and morbidity data common to both sources (confirmed data). The findings showed that the bereaved had an elevation in morbidity rate over non-bereaved, which was both substantial and statistically significant. Diseases of the circulatory system were significantly more common in the bereaved, as were psychiatric disorders in all data sources. Furthermore, bereaved had more respiratory and musculo-skeletal system ...
Participants mostly agreed that MMCs were beneficial in terms of healthcare quality and safety improvement. MMCs were perceived as beneficial for teamwork and the functioning of the unit. The improvement of practices and organization seemed to be the main objective perceived by the participants. Moreover, an educational role, for initial and continuing education, was perceived by most participants, particularly by the senior physicians. Most of participants were satisfied with MMCs and experienced a friendly and non-blaming environment.. The search for failures and the discussion of errors are well-documented opportunities for improvement of safety and education [2, 14]. The present results suggest that the analysis of these failures was perceived as determinant in improving patient safety. However, without a thorough analysis, this discussion seems to result in a blaming environment that is incompatible with constructive discussion [6, 15-18]. Indeed, personal failures are often spontaneously ...
This commentary describes how one academic hospital identified weaknesses in and subsequently enhanced its morbidity and mortality conferences.
Chronic disease morbidity and income level in an employed population.: Does Adding Laypersons to Primary Care Teams Improve Care for Chronic Diseases? The full
In this review the authors recognise the growing contribution of obesity to problems in obstetrics and gynaecology. They then focus on methods to reduce complications in intrapartum and gynaecological care particularly in relation to operating on the obese woman. Strategies to reduce surgical morbidity are discussed including consideration of the site of incision, asepsis and reduction in postoperative complications ...
Current research in high-cost patients has focused on care redesign of the treatment of patients with multiple chronic morbidities.7 40 One contribution of our review is our identification of notable differences in characteristics and utilisation across payers and countries. This (clinical) diversity of high-cost patients may even be larger at a local level. Segmentation analysis has been suggested as a method to identify homogenous and meaningful segments of patients with similar characteristics, needs and behaviour, which allows for tailored policy.41 Such segmentation analysis may powerfully inform population health management initiatives. Given the multiple needs and cross-sectoral utilisation of high-cost patients, we suggest such analyses should capture both characteristics and utilisation as broadly as possible, to fully apprehend high-cost patients care needs and utilisation. In the context of high-cost patients, multimorbidity complicates segmentation, and the usefulness of segmentation ...
Results Nine QOF conditions were identified as robust co-predictors (Hazard Ratio ≥1.2) of mortality independent of age and sex, and were assigned integer score weights based on the strength of their association with mortality. Cancer (HR=3.4) and Dementia (HR=2.8) were the strongest predictors. In a Cox model with age and sex included, the addition of the QOF score improved model discrimination in predicting mortality (c-statistic=0.82 vs. 0.78), performing similarly to the Charlson index, an established morbidity index. In a multilevel logistic model, an individuals QOF score explained more of the variation in mortality between practices than the Charlson index (46% compared to 32%). At practice level, the mean QOF score per patient was strongly correlated with practice standardised mortality ratios (r=0.64) and explained more variation in practice death rates than the Charlson index. ...
My overall area of interest is pediatric dermatology. In the course of providing patient care, my aim is to advance scientific knowledge in this field. This goal is achieved through clinical observation, clinical trials, and collaboration with laboratories exploring the molecular basis of disease. I am also interested in providing care for skin disease in developing countries. In the course of a number of projects in Latin America and Africa, I have developed protocols and teaching manuals for this purpose. Finally, I am actively involved in developing new models for teaching doctor-patient communication to medical students, residents, and practicing physicians in all fields of medicine. My work on this includes some new methods for teaching empathic communication in the course of traditional morbidity and mortality conferences.
Within this chapter, we begin with the invaluable context of the experience of living after cancer as a young person. Then we move to describe the growing body of data indicating the consequences of cancer in patients diagnosed aged as teenagers and young adults (YAs). We identify that, while the variation in definitions used in the literature hamper firm conclusions, specific patterns of substantial morbidity are observed which are distinct from those seen in younger children. When combined with the epidemiology, the overall burden of late effects of adolescents and YA cancer and its treatment are a substantial public health problem. The progress in parts of Europe and the US in bringing together outcomes into medium-sized data sets, combined with the gaps in the data and remaining uncertainties, mean that the time is right for international epidemiological ascertainment of these adverse effects. There are potential benefits for commencing prospective clinical as well retrospective ...
Objective: Review challenging clinical scenarios presented by surgical trainees. Attendees are encouraged to interact with the presenters and panelists in an M&M format.. Description: This is meant to be a dynamic, interactive session where residents present their most spectacular patient experiences in a format similar to morbidity and mortality conference. This is modeled after the session at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress where panelists are encouraged to challenge the presenter and fellow panelists as the case is chronologically unveiled. Cases that present particularly challenging scenarios in regards to clinical decision-making are encouraged.. Format: Submissions will be accepted in the standard Abstract format using the same criteria as allowed for other AHS abstract submissions. Presentations, however, are in a PowerPoint format and we encourage liberal use of de-identified imaging, pictures, and video to compliment the clinical information when possible. To allow ...
Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s, but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s.... ...
Evaluation of the safety of the Perceval S prosthesis in terms of percentage incidence of mortality and morbidity at 3-6 months after ...
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series is prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [It] is the agencys prim....
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Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) -| εβδομαδιαία αναφορά νοσηρότητας και θνησιμότητας
Joining continuous wireless glucose monitoring systems with the central monitoring system in the CCU could have powerful impact on morbidity and mortality rates.
in ICU, we have fewer cases to handle, but we offer maximal care that one could offer to those who are in need. still there are cases which we are not able to salvage, for example those who are in really bad with impending mortality, and those which curative management was not available at the…
A fanlisting is a place where people who enjoy similar things come together! All you have to do is join. You, of course, can show your pride by a small graphic on your LJ somewhere. But its really easy to join! Its really easy to join! My point is to make a place where people who love to think…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Community Morbidity Patterns and Mexican American Folk Illnesses. T2 - A Comparative Methodology. AU - Trotter, Robert T.. PY - 1983/1. Y1 - 1983/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3242691817&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=3242691817&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1080/01459740.1983.9987026. DO - 10.1080/01459740.1983.9987026. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:3242691817. VL - 7. SP - 33. EP - 44. JO - Medical Anthropology: Cross Cultural Studies in Health and Illness. JF - Medical Anthropology: Cross Cultural Studies in Health and Illness. SN - 0145-9740. IS - 1. ER - ...
Tran, D., Jorm, L., Lujic, S., Bambrick, H. & Johnson, M. (2012). Country of birth recording in Australian hospital morbidity data : Accuracy and predictors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health,36(4), 310-316. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00893.x ...
My name is Bradley Peterson and I am a pediatric intensive care physician with over 40 years of experience in caring for the sickest and most severely injured children in San Diego, California and its extended service area of some 5 million people. I am board certified in pediatrics, anesthesia, and pediatric critical care. I also have extensive experience in post-operative congenital cardiac disease.. I have served as chairman of the PICU morbidity and mortality conference for 40 years. I also chair the pediatric transport morbidity and mortality meeting and have co-chaired the trauma morbidity and mortality conference.. I served as the medical director and grew a 54-bed PICU from an 8-bed PICU in its opening in 1978. I still care for patients and take regular calls. In my career I have cared for more than 30,000 patients and achieved some of the best survival rates in the nation as measured by the National PRISM scores.. I helped establish the pediatric trauma center. In 1984 I started the ...
Written by experts in the anesthesiology field, this book explores the various issues and complications that arise during the administration of anesthesiology in various clinical settings. Additionally, 26 real-life cases are explored and examined throughout the book
A primary objective of schistosomiasis control programmes is to achieve, and hence also demonstrate, a quantifiable reduction in schistosome-associated morbidity as a consequence of chemotherapeutic intervention. Inherent within such an objective, it is necessary to define and validate direct and indirect indicators of schistosome-related morbidity. However, to define and thereby document such morbidity, and its reduction following treatment, may not be straightforward, particularly for intestinal schistosomiasis-induced morbidity, which is often not apparent in all but the most severe or chronic cases. Within all Schistosomiasis Control Initiative activities, across selected sub-Saharan African countries since 2002, a range of standard and novel potential morbidity markers have been monitored and evaluated. Parasitological intensity measures, combined with haemoglobin/anaemia counts and ultrasonography, proved valuable schistosomiasis-related morbidity indicators, being both logistically ...
National Statistics Institute (Spain). Spain Hospital Morbidity Survey 2010. Madrid, Spain: National Statistics Institute (Spain ...
Pooja Chauhan1, V. Chandrashekar2. 1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MRIMS, Hyderabad, 2Professor and Head of department of Community medicine, Narayana Medical College, Nellore.. Abstract :. Background: Health problems of the old people are a very important component of any healthcare delivery system. Age related changes in immune system and degenerative phenomenon render people susceptible to a variety of infections, neoplasia and other disabilities.. Objectives: To study the morbidity pattern among elderly people of Venkatachalem village, Nellore.. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Venkatachalem village. 290 people of age 60 yrs and above were included in the study. Morbidity was assessed by history taking, clinical examination, reviewing past medical records and medicines taken by the study subject.. Result: The average number of morbidity per person was 3.5. The common morbidities were joint complaints (65.9%), anemia (56.6%), cataract (48.3%), and ...
  Abstract   Background & Aim: Neonatal morbidity is known as an important problem in neonatal medicine. Since there has been a noticeable increase in rates of cesarean sections compared to normal vaginal delivery, determining the best time of delivery is of paramount importance. The aim of this study was to ...
Because of the diversity of the cardiac phenotypes, classification of the overall spectrum of congenital cardiac defects has always been challenging, with the challenge exacerbated by the oft-complex association of intracardiac and extracardiac defects. The more complex the pathology, nonetheless, the more important is the need for specialists to speak a common language, and to unify the diagnostic process.. Two systems of classifications for coding and establishing medical and administrative databases for congenital heart defects (CHD) are currently used globally: the 10th revised version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) [1], and the International Paediatric and Congenital Cardiac Code (IPCCC), the latter designed in particular for evaluating the results of congenital cardiac surgery [2].. ICD-10 was created by the World Health Organization to permit the systematic analysis, the interpretation and the comparison of the mortality and morbidity data harvested in different ...
article{48bf2943-4c38-43f3-b6c6-e29be91dacfd, abstract = {Objective. Patients with RA have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Management of RA has changed substantially over time. Our aim was to evaluate changes in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality over the period of 1978-2002. Methods. Two cohorts of consecutive patients with RA seen at outpatient clinics in Malmö, Sweden, were started in 1978 (n = 148) and 1995 (n = 161) and compared with the corresponding background population. Patients were followed for 8 years, and fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular first events were identified using two national registers, hospital discharge and cause of death. Standardized morbidity ratio (SMoR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR), adjusted for age and sex were calculated. Results. Sex distribution, age at disease onset and disease duration were similar in both groups. The 1995 cohort was more extensively treated with DMARDs and had less disease activity and disability. Total ...
Among the 155 interviews audited for quality control, only 25 of them (16.1%) had to change something in the records. Most the corrections were about identification data; in only six records (3.8%) the supervisor had to update morbidity data.. Discussion. This study presents an example of a simple and viable method of teleresearch in reproductive health to trace a specific subject selected from a database carried out in Brazil. Although telephone surveys have been used to explore information on health in developed settings for several years 1,15, there is still some discussion on the validity of telephone surveys for the administration of questionnaires and the mode of contact can interfere in response rates and account for selection bias in public health research. The validity of this method of collecting data needs a high rate of response to truly represent the studied population, therefore it is important to use recruitment methods that are easily reproducible 8,9,16,17.. In our study the ...
Definition of morbidity rate in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is morbidity rate? Meaning of morbidity rate as a legal term. What does morbidity rate mean in law?
Background The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for enUmeration of Morbidity and Mortality (POSSUM) and its Portsmouth modification (P-POSSUM) were developed for comparative audit in surgical patients. This study evaluated applicability of these systems in estimating mortality and morbidity risks in a cohort of patients undergoing laparotomy at the national referral hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods Data of 166 patients undergoing laparotomy was subjected to POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems and analyzed using linear and exponential methods. The discrimination power of POSSUM and P-POSSUM as predictors of surgical outcome was measured using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The overall observed to expected (O:E) ratio using linear analysis was 0.29:1 (POSSUM) and 0.67:1 (P-POSSUM) while exponential analysis gave an O:E of 0.2:1 (POSSUM) and 0.4:1 (P-POSSUM). The predicted morbidity using POSSUM was 1.09:1 (linear analysis) and 1:1 (exponential analysis). ...
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide with rates ranging from 7 to 13% in North America, 5-9% in Europe, and 1-5% in Asia. Due to high rates of new and recurrent stones, management of stones is expensive and the disease has a high level of acute and chronic morbidity.
In December 2019, a cluster of acute respiratory illness, now known as SARS-CoV-2-associated pneumonia or clinical COVID-19, emerged in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.1 This illness has spread rapidly worldwide and as of June 12, 2020, had been reported in more than 16.5 million individuals.2 Disease presentation has been variable, with some individuals exhibiting almost no symptoms and others dying rapidly.3-5 Early reports from China on those with a more severe disease course suggested an overrepresentation of patients with cancer, although the number of patients in these series was small.6,7 Patients with severe disease presentation are more likely to die of the disease, with some series reporting extremely high mortality rates among individuals requiring ventilator support.4,5,8 Based on a concern for excess morbidity and mortality from SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with cancer, many changes to clinical practice across the spectrum of disease have been rapidly adopted, including delays ...
Health, ...Amsterdam December 18 2012 - Sexual and reproductive morbidities are...Editor of RHM Marge Berer characterises this lack of priority ...The issue captures a range of perspectives focusing not just on clinic...Papers included are from Albania Australia Bangladesh Brazil Centr...,Reproductive,Health,Matters,announces,publication,of,its,themed,issue,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The effects of elevated blood lipid concentrations on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity are reviewed, with particular emphasis on how high fat diets and antihypertensive drugs can influence the...
Purpose:. The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has made major progress in the last decade. The survival of CML patients has improved with advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The cost of medication, compliance of patients and access to care are important issues that can also affect outcome. The purpose of the present study is to investigate effects of insurance status on outcomes of CML by analyzing data from National cancer database.. Methods:. Data was analyzed from 18, 415 men and women (≥ 18 years of age) registered in the NCDB who were diagnosed with CML between 2004 and 2012 and had follow-ups to end of 2013. The primary predictor variable was insurance status and the outcome variable was overall survival. Additional variables addressed and adjusted for included sex, age, race, Charleston Co morbidity index, level of education, income, and distance traveled, facility type, diagnosing/treating facility and treatment delay.. Results:. The mean age of patients was 59 years with ...
Abstract: The morbidity and the death rate in our country remain a burning issue for both the scientists and the government. These factors show not only the living quality but also the index of all human development. The statistics analysis reveals that the situation with morbidity and the death rate is complicated. In some regions, the morbidity rate decreases while the death rate remains sustainable. In other regions, though, it increases, which harms the whole country. All these factors do not allow our country to stand in line with the most developed countries. However, the situation differs in some regions, where the death and morbidity rates are rather low. The Tyumen Region stands among them. This article observes the morbidity and death rates of rural population in municipal districts of the Tyumen Region. The existing studies show that the numbers for the rural population are bigger than in city districts. Yet in some cases, the rural inhabitants suffer fewer diseases than the city ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the UK, accounting for almost 1 in 3 deaths. It accounts for 180,000 deaths per year, 45% of which are due to coronary heart disease. Despite its position of leading cause of death in the UK, mortality is falling, having reduced by over half since its peak in the 1970s and 1980s. Morbidity on the other hand is increasing and CVD has a significant cost burden on the NHS, totalling 7.88bn in 2010.1. Earlier this month the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) updated their guidance on lipid therapy in primary prevention of CVD. NICE recommends individuals with known CVD risk factors as well as those over the age of 40 be formally risk assessed for CVD. The updated guidance recommends using the QRISK2 risk assessment tool in people up to and including age 84 years. Individuals with a greater than 10% 10 year risk of developing CVD should be first offered lifestyle modification advise and optimisation of all ...
Raynham, O W, Lubbe, D E and Fagan, J J Tracheal stenosis: preventable morbidity on the increase in our intensive care units. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j., Sept 2009, vol.99, no.9, p.645-646. ISSN 0256- ...
NEJM 21-28 Dec 2017 Vol 377. When to clamp the cord in preterm babies. The result of this trial is nice and simple: Among preterm infants, delayed cord clamping did not result in a lower incidence of the combined outcome of death or major morbidity at 36 weeks of gestation than immediate cord clamping. Nevertheless I managed to struggle with it, due to the word gestation. These babies had been out of the womb for 6+ weeks before they reached the outcome point, because they were all born before 30 weeks gestation. They had been randomised as fetuses (sorry Mr Trump, it just slipped out) in mothers who were at high risk of preterm birth. So just to repeat the Australian trials message for Pommie simpletons like me: when babies are born before 30 weeks gestation, they are not disadvantaged (oops, done it again) by immediate rather than delayed cord clamping, as judged by outcomes at 36 weeks. Not being an obstetrician, I dont know whether this has changed the climate (damn) of opinion in ...
Today, NHS Digital published the findings of a new Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. But what does that mean and is it important? Our director, Carol Povey, explains in the video and blog below.
Epidemiological analyses are always carried out with reference to a population, which is the group of individuals that are at risk for the disease or condition. The population can be defined geographically, but if only a portion of the individuals in that area are susceptible, additional criteria may be required. Susceptible individuals may be defined by particular behaviors, such as intravenous drug use, owning particular pets, or membership in an institution, such as a college. Being able to define the population is important because most measures of interest in epidemiology are made with reference to the size of the population.. The state of being diseased is called morbidity. Morbidity in a population can be expressed in a few different ways. Morbidity or total morbidity is expressed in numbers of individuals without reference to the size of the population. The morbidity rate can be expressed as the number of diseased individuals out of a standard number of individuals in the population, ...
In 2018, nearly 75 million people were displaced from their place of origin of which 20.4 million are considered as refugees. Children constitute
Several years ago I started following the CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). It used to come weekly in the mail (perhaps it
Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. For more information about this message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov ...
Being immunocompromised impacts the ability to fight infection and viruses such as coronavirus. These individuals suffer more severe COVID-19 symptoms and higher morbidity.
On Saturday I woke up around 10 in the morning. The sun was sneaking through the curtains. I handt slept for 8 hours for long time. It was a non-stop week. The previous day started with a hospital meeting on morbidity and mortality, then in the operating theatre for surgery on two patients with brain…
Thank you to all who contributed last week. We hope you liked the short case format and would welcome feedback. This week we are back to our traditional format. What effect does old age have on morbidity and mortality in anaesthesia? You are called to recovery as the anaesthetist on call to review a 84…
Im an ENFP, and especially with my INF friends I have noticed an interest in creepy things... I personally love them, and I was wondering if you guys
Today, Indo-European languages are spoken by almost 3 billion native speakers across all inhabited continents,[61] the largest number by far for any recognised language family. Of the 20 languages with the largest numbers of native speakers according to Ethnologue, 10 are Indo-European: Spanish, English, Hindustani, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, Punjabi, German, French and Marathi, accounting for over 1.7 billion native speakers.[62] Additionally, hundreds of millions of persons worldwide study Indo-European languages as secondary or tertiary languages, including in cultures which have completely different language families and historical backgrounds-there are between 600 million[63] and one billion[64] L2 learners of English alone. The success of the language family, including the large number of speakers and the vast portions of the Earth that they inhabit, is due to several factors. The ancient Indo-European migrations and widespread dissemination of Indo-European culture throughout Eurasia, ...
1901-1906). "Morbidity". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Ilani, Ofri (2008-05-12). "Traditional ...
1901-1906). "Morbidity". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. "Case of the Week 175". University of Utah Medical ...
Decreased morbidity. The increase in minimally invasive surgical procedures. The Improving social and environmental programs. ...
California Morbidity. State Department of Health, Infectious Disease Section. 1988. "CIAPM Advisory Council - Office of ...
Von Drasek, Lisa (12 February 2010). "Morbidity and Hilarity". New York Times. New York. Retrieved 13 March 2012. Carter, Betty ...
Ts V (10 November 2009). "Brain Metastasis - Morbidity/Mortality". Medscape. Retrieved 13 January 2010. Pope WB (2018). "Brain ...
"Morbo fácil" [Easy Morbidity]. El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. 13 February 1993. Retrieved 11 December 2018. Erausquín, Manuel ...
MORBIDITY, DISABILITY AND MALADJUSTMENTS. Cancer in Korean war navy technicians: mortality survey after 40 years. ABCC-JNIH ... MORBIDITY, DISABILITY AND MALADJUSTMENTS. American Journal of Epidemiology. 101(5): 400-422. Groves, Frank D., William F. Page ... was an American epidemiologist and statistician known for monumental studies of radiation-related mortality and morbidity among ...
2014). "Mortality Rate, Morbidity rate; Death rate; Cumulative death rate; Case fatality rate". A Dictionary of Epidemiology ( ... It is distinct from "morbidity", which is either the prevalence or incidence of a disease, and also from the incidence rate ( ...
Linden BE, Gross CW, Long TE, Lazar RH (February 1990). "Morbidity in pediatric tonsillectomy". The Laryngoscope. 100 (2 Pt 1 ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 41 (RR-14): 001. Sutton, Leslie N. (2008). "Fetal surgery for neural tube defects". Best ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 64 (38): 1071-3. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6438a3. PMID 26421460. "Fresh cell therapy". ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 60 (19). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). May 2011. pp. 624-627. PMID ...
Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC) (1 October 1999). "Healthier mothers and babies". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 51 (37): 825-8. PMID 12353741. Sejvar JJ, Leis AA, Stokic DS, Van Gerpen JA, Marfin AA, ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 50 (40): 874-5. October 12, 2001. Dissolving Illusions: Diseases. Vaccines and the ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 69 (5): 140-146. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6905e1. PMC 7004396. PMID 32027631. Whelan, Aubrey ... Recommendations and Reports : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports. 59 (RR-6): 1-30. PMID ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 61 (31): 590-4. PMID 22874837. "Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhoea on the rise, new drugs ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 67 (33): 918-924. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6733a2. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6107321. PMID 30138307 ... implicating higher risk of morbidity and a need for aggressive combination therapy. Surgery and cytotoxic agents are typically ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (34): 749-750. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6834a4. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6715258. PMID 31465321 ... A study in the Center for Disease Control's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report indicated increasing outbreaks of mumps in ... Venters, Homer; Dasch-Goldberg, Dana; Rasmussen, Andrew; Keller, Allen S. (2009). "Into the Abyss: Mortality and Morbidity ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (34): 749-750. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6834a4. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6715258. PMID 31465321 ...
See Mortality and Morbidity below. Median longevity of Basset Hounds is about 10.3 years in France and 11.3 years in the UK, ... The only recent mortality and morbidity surveys of Basset Hounds are from the UK: a 1999 longevity survey with a small sample ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 66 (28): 741-746. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6628a1. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 5657947. PMID 28727682 ...
Mann JM, Martin S, Hoffman R, Marrazzo S (March 1981). "Patient recovery from type A botulism: morbidity assessment following a ... "Botulism Associated with Commercially Canned Chili Sauce --- Texas and Indiana, July 2007". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 48 (27): 582-585. PMID 10428096. Bell & Kyriakides 2008, p. 45. "DNA links salmonella ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 52 (2): 24-26. PMID 12608715. Johnson, ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 67 (5152). doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1. ISSN 0149-2195. Abuse, National Institute on ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries (Washington, D.C. : 2002). CDC. 58 (9): 1-7. PMID 19959986. ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (36): 787-790. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6836e2. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6755818. PMID 31513561 ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (41): 919-927. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6841e3. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6802682. PMID 31633675 ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (39): 865-869. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6839e2. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 6776374. PMID 31581166 ...
Also see "Wydner's obituary". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 48 (43): 987. Brandt, Allan M. 2007. The Cigarette Century ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries. 65 (12): 1-44. doi:10.15585/mmwr.ss6512a1. PMID 27880751. ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (46): 1062-1068. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6846a4. PMC 6871897. PMID 31751320. "Tafenoquine ...
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 66 (24): 649-652. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6624a5. ISSN 0149-2195. PMC 5657795. PMID 28640795 ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 69 (20): 623-629. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6920a3. ISSN 0149-2195. PMID 32437342. Abbany, ... 26 June 2020). "Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, January 2018 - March 2020". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly ...
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series is prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). ...
MMWR and Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report are service marks of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.. Use of ... and hyperglycemic crisis are common life-threatening conditions that require urgent attention to reduce associated morbidity ...
The estimated annual average prevalence of lifetime asthma, current asthma, asthma attack, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cigarette smoking status, any tobacco use, smokeless tobacco use, and dual tobacco use was based on the public-use National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged ≥18 years, from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm).. Lifetime asthma was defined as a "yes" response to the question "Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you had asthma?" Current asthma was defined as a "yes" response to the questions "Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you ...
morbidity (countable and uncountable, plural morbidities) *The quality of being unhealthful or diseased, sometimes including ... He taught him how to be superior to human foibles and how to give a godlike laugh at himself as a way of fending off morbidity ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=morbidity&oldid=51548886" ...
When entering a service or procedure, clerks must be sure they apply the service code to the correct morbidity, especially when ... for that illness/morbidity.. Having entered this, from my general knowledege of medical jargon, I then checked it against m-w. ... instead they require a specific morbidity to be identified, then check to see if that service is applicable (in their billing ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Talk:morbidity&oldid=413725" ...
Treatments and Tools for morbidity. Find morbidity information, treatments for morbidity and morbidity symptoms. ... morbidity - MedHelps morbidity Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ...
For more information, please visit the chapter on Weather-Related Morbidity and Mortality in A Human Health Perspective on ... These events can lead to severe infrastructure damage and high rates of morbidity (illness) and mortality (death). Climate ...
... gb-gplus-shareMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. ... books.google.com/books/about/Morbidity_and_Mortality_Weekly_ ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Morbidity_and_Mortality_Weekly_Report.html?id=gD0EAAAAMAAJ&q=increase&utm_ ...
Conclusions: Post-LT patients are at increased risk of CVS morbidity even in the absence of pre-existing metabolic risk factors ... Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality Is Increased Post-liver Transplantation Even in Recipients With No Pre-existing Risk ... graft loss due to rejection is becoming a relatively rare cause of morbidity and mortality post-LT.[6] ... Recent studies from the US highlighted the high early cardiovascular morbidity and mortality following LT and have identified ...
The morbidity of hypercalciuria is related to 2 separate factors; ie, kidney stone disease and bone demineralization leading to ... encoded search term (What is the morbidity associated with hypercalciuria?) and What is the morbidity associated with ... What is the morbidity associated with hypercalciuria?. Updated: Apr 23, 2019 * Author: Stephen W Leslie, MD, FACS; Chief Editor ... The morbidity of hypercalciuria is related to 2 separate factors; ie, kidney stone disease and bone demineralization leading to ...
One for the Morbidity and Mortality Committee ;)... Set-up: subject was downslope, so I leveled the tripod and relied on the ... One for the Morbidity and Mortality Committee ;)... Set-up: subject was downslope, so I leveled the tripod and relied on the ...
Foreskin Morbidity in Uncircumcised Males Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from American Academy of ... The aim of this study was to evaluate the morbidity related to medically indicated foreskin operations in boys aged 0 to 17 ... A surprisingly high incidence and morbidity related to phimosis in boys from a well-defined catchment area where a strict ... Our study shows significant morbidity related to foreskin problems in a predominantly uncircumcised population. More than 5% of ...
A cohort of 2,131 male nitrate fertilizer workers was evaluated for cancer morbidity from 1963 to 1986. No significant increase ... Hagmar, L., Bellander, T., Andersson, C. et al. Cancer morbidity in nitrate fertilizer workers. Int. Arch Occup Environ Heath ... On the other hand, 26 actual cases of prostate cancer were observed vs 16 expected cases (standardized morbidity ratio, SMR = ... A cohort of 2,131 male nitrate fertilizer workers was evaluated for cancer morbidity from 1963 to 1986. No significant increase ...
Morbidity is when you have a specific health condition. Mortality is the number of deaths due to a condition. ... Morbidity and mortality are two terms that are commonly used but have different meanings. ... What is morbidity?. Morbidity is the state of having a specific illness or condition. While morbidity can refer to an acute ... Can you have more than one morbidity at a time?. You may have also come across a term thats related to morbidity. Its called ...
Trends in Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality and Morbidity. Alem Mehari, Orlando Valle, and Richard F. Gillum ...
In "Mortality and morbidity in the 21st century," Princeton Professors Anne Case and Angus Deaton follow up on their ... "Mortality and morbidity in the 21st century" - Brookings frameborder=0 marginwidth=0 marginheight=0 scrolling=no class ... Mortality and morbidity in the 21st century,/a,,/blockquote, ,script type=text/javascript, ,!--//--,,![CDATA[//,,!-- ! ... www.brookings.edu/bpea-articles/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21st-century/embed/ width=600 height=400 title=" ...
Morbidity - The state of being ill or having a diseas, is clearly explained in Medindia s glossary of medical terms ... Morbidity - Glossary. Written & Compiled by Medindia Content Team. Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on ... Medical Word - Morbidity. Ans : The state of being ill or having a disease ...
The Puerperal Morbidity Rate in Patients Delivered Normally Br Med J 1929; 2 :90 ... The Puerperal Morbidity Rate in Patients Delivered Normally. Br Med J 1929; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.3576.90 ( ...
... Med J Aust. 2004 Oct 4;181(7):357-60. ... Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and burnout in final-year medical students, and changes in ... Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study over 18 months, with assessment of psychiatric morbidity and burnout on six ... Outcome measures: Psychiatric morbidity assessed with the 28-item General Health Questionnaire and burnout assessed with the ...
... the term morbidity can refer to the state of being diseased (from Latin morbidus: sick, unhealthy), ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report a publication This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If ... The term morbidity rate can refer either to the incidence rate or to the prevalence rate of a disease. Compare this with the ... It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Morbidity". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia. ...
The co-occurrence of psychiatric illness and substance disorders, commonly termed co-morbidity or dual diagnosis, is not a new ...
Landmine Marathon Morbidity lyrics & video : Hunted in starvation with extinction slicing at the heel One long raven braid ... Morbidity Lyrics. Hunted in starvation with extinction slicing at the heel. One long raven braid takes several days to burn. ... Scaling with morbidity. Claws grasping at the broken branch. No tracks to cover last moment of sanity. An abscess burrows deep ... check amazon for Morbidity mp3 download. these lyrics are submitted by kaan. Songwriter(s): Dylan Dueno Thomas, Andy York, ...
STD Morbidity Data Request. Data Source Information. Additional Information. STD Morbidity Data Request Output:. You can ... Morbidity Rates: The following issues affect the calculation of morbidity rates: * The default rate shown is the rate per ... Sexually Transmitted Disease Morbidity United States, Guam, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands,. by Gender, 1984 - 2014 Summary: ... Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Regions List of States 1 New England Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New ...
IFITM3 restricts the morbidity and mortality associated with influenza.. Everitt AR1, Clare S, Pertel T, John SP, Wash RS, ... speed with which a novel respiratory virus can spread and the ability of a generally mild infection to induce severe morbidity ...
Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Exchange Transfusion. William J. Keenan, Kathy Kazmaier Novak, James M. Sutherland, ... Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Exchange Transfusion. William J. Keenan, Kathy Kazmaier Novak, James M. Sutherland, ... Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Exchange Transfusion Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from American ... Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Exchange Transfusion. William J. Keenan, Kathy Kazmaier Novak, James M. Sutherland, ...
Diarrhoea morbidity, mortality and treatment practices : household survey manual, 1986 Draft. Ansicht/. Öffnen. CDD_SER_86.2. ... 1986)‎. Diarrhoea morbidity, mortality and treatment practices : household survey manual, 1986 Draft. World Health Organization ...
Longevity Strategic Research Program Steering Committee releases a Request For Proposal for Obesity Trends and the Morbidity ... Obesity Trends and the Morbidity and Longevity Impacts Background and Purpose. The Mortality and Longevity Research Program ... Increased understanding of the potential effects of the trends in obesity on both mortality and morbidity would be helpful for ... the historical and current impacts of obesity on morbidity and mortality. The research will consider these impacts by various ...
OBJECTIVE To determine the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the autosomal recessive Wolfram syndrome, which is ... RESULTS The most common causes of morbidity and mortality were the neurological manifestations of this syndrome and the ...
Diarrhoea morbidity, mortality and treatment practices : household survey manual, 1986 Draft. View/. Open. CDD_SER_86.2.pdf (‎ ... 1986)‎. Diarrhoea morbidity, mortality and treatment practices : household survey manual, 1986 Draft. World Health Organization ...
... data collection. NCIN work programme , 2009 Co-morbidity workshop. NCIN funded work programme. In October 2010 ... Workshop on co-morbidity data collection (October 2009). Collecting data on co-morbidities in a clinically relevant way poses ... Testing the feasibility of using Adult Co-morbidity Evaluation 27 (ACE 27) as a routine measure of co-morbidity ... To consider the need for routine co-morbidity data collection in all cancer patients ...
  • SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE MORBIDITY REPORT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE MORBIDITY REPORT (FORM NO. CDC73.688) DATABASE, 1984 to the present The contents of the database include annual sexually transmitted disease (STD) summary data for the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, and selected outlying areas (Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa). (cdc.gov)
  • To determine the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and burnout in final-year medical students, and changes in these measures during the intern year. (nih.gov)
  • After adjusting for age, gender and occupational grade, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was greater in high job strain than low job strain individuals. (nih.gov)
  • Since China carried out the first survey on diabetes epidemiology in 1980, the morbidity rate of diabetes increases from less than 1% then to about 10% currently. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since 2006, a consortium of five organizations (EngenderHealth, Ipas, Marie Stopes International, Population Council, and the Willows Foundation) has supported the Ghana Health Service in implementing the "Reducing Maternal Mortality and Morbidity" (R3M) program. (popcouncil.org)
  • The new goal is to minimize long-term morbidity and at the same time increase the disease-free survival and cure rate. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • OBJECTIVE To determine the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the autosomal recessive Wolfram syndrome, which is defined by diabetes and bilateral progressive optic atrophy with onset in childhood or adolescence. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • RESULTS The most common causes of morbidity and mortality were the neurological manifestations of this syndrome and the complications of urinary tract atony. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The compression of morbidity in public health is a hypothesis put forth by James Fries, professor of medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vincent Mor's "The Compression of Morbidity Hypothesis: A Review of Research and Prospects for the Future" argues that "Cross-national evidence for the validity of the compression of morbidity hypothesis originally proposed by Fries is generally accepted. (wikipedia.org)
  • See also "Mortality and Morbidity Trends: Is There Compression of Morbidity? (wikipedia.org)
  • Aging, Natural Death, and the Compression of Morbidity" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The compression of morbidity was prophetic in the sense that Jim looked at the reduction of morbidity and disability at a time when most gerontologists and epidemiologists thought we would see a pandemic of disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our analysis provides compelling evidence that vaginal progesterone prevents preterm birth and reduces neonatal morbidity/mortality in women with a short cervix," said lead investigator Dr. Roberto Romero, Chief of the Perinatology Research Branch and Head of the Program in Perinatal Research and Obstetrics of the Division of Intramural Research for the NICHD/NIH/DHHS, Bethesda, MD and Detroit, MI. (redorbit.com)
  • The study also found a 43% decrease in neonatal morbidity and mortality. (redorbit.com)
  • Annual audit of neonatal morbidity in preterm infants. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Pancreas Transplantation: Does Age Increase Morbidity? (hindawi.com)
  • Constipation: Does it increase morbidity and mortality in cr. (lww.com)
  • Does it increase morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients? (lww.com)
  • The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic showed the speed with which a novel respiratory virus can spread and the ability of a generally mild infection to induce severe morbidity and mortality in a subset of the population. (nih.gov)
  • The risk of severe maternal morbidity amongst women in Australia is increased by lower socioeconomic position, reveals a new study published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology . (medindia.net)
  • This case-control study aimed to explore the independent impact of socioeconomic position on severe maternal morbidities associated with direct maternal death (amniotic fluid embolism, placenta accreta, peripartum hysterectomy, eclampsia or pulmonary embolism) amongst women in Australia. (medindia.net)
  • Results show that socioeconomic status was directly associated with maternal morbidity, with women with severe maternal morbidity being twice as likely to come from the lowest socioeconomic group compared with women who did not have maternal morbidity. (medindia.net)
  • Furthermore, having given birth previously was found to be protective against maternal morbidity, whereas women who had reported previous pregnancy complications were 1.3 times more likely to experience severe maternal morbidity. (medindia.net)
  • The number of previous caesarean deliveries was also significantly associated with maternal morbidity, with one caesarean delivery having double the risk of morbidity and two caesarean deliveries having four times the risk of severe maternal morbidity compared to women with no previous caesarean delivery. (medindia.net)
  • Additionally, women who were Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders were 1.46 times more likely to suffer severe maternal morbidity. (medindia.net)
  • The authors of the study conclude that the risk of severe maternal morbidity amongst women in Australia is significantly increased by social disadvantage and future efforts in improving maternity care provision and maternal outcomes in Australia should include socioeconomic position as an independent risk factor for adverse outcome. (medindia.net)
  • Despite universal healthcare in Australia, free at the point of access, socially marginalised women experience poorer maternal health outcomes, in terms of specific severe maternal morbidities, than those from higher socioeconomic groups. (medindia.net)
  • This is the first nationwide study in Australia to investigate the risk of severe maternal morbidity amongst women from different socioeconomic groups. (medindia.net)
  • A multidisciplinary model for reviewing severe maternal morbidity cases and teaching residents patient safety principles. (ahrq.gov)
  • Severe morbidity rates and case fatality rates were therefore calculated using 214 as a denominator (the total number of cardiac deliveries), but other data presented were based on 189 as the denominator. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Prospective longitudinal cohort study over 18 months, with assessment of psychiatric morbidity and burnout on six occasions. (nih.gov)
  • Psychiatric morbidity assessed with the 28-item General Health Questionnaire and burnout assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. (nih.gov)
  • The point prevalence of participants meeting criteria for psychiatric morbidity and burnout rose steadily throughout the study period. (nih.gov)
  • The co-occurrence of psychiatric illness and substance disorders, commonly termed co-morbidity or dual diagnosis, is not a new phenomenon. (europa.eu)
  • This study examined the association between job strain and psychiatric morbidity using interview-based assessments of mental health. (nih.gov)
  • We assessed the prevalence of neurotic disorder in high job strain (high demand, low control) and low job strain (low demand, high control) school teachers, and compared these rates with data from individuals with similar educational qualifications from the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of Great Britain. (nih.gov)
  • One hundred and sixty primary and secondary school teachers were selected from a larger survey on the basis of high or low job strain, and were assessed for psychiatric morbidity using the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). The prevalence of neurotic symptoms and a total psychiatric morbidity score were calculated. (nih.gov)
  • In comparison with the British psychiatric morbidity survey, the prevalence of neurotic disorders was greater in the high job strain, but not in low job strain teachers. (nih.gov)
  • Job strain is associated with psychiatric morbidity. (nih.gov)
  • Information on psychiatric morbidity of prisoners has almost entirely been based on research in Western countries and it is uncertain whether these research findings are applicable to other settings. (cambridge.org)
  • The results suggest that a substantial burden of psychiatric morbidity exists in the prison population of Iran, with treatment challenges that appear to be different from those observed in inmates in Western countries. (cambridge.org)
  • Annual odds ratios, standardised for known confounding variables, were used to examine trends in major neonatal morbidities among 3220 preterm infants of less than 35 weeks' gestation admitted to a regional referral centre between 1980 and 1991. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Recent clinical epidemiologic studies have identified a high co-occurrence rate of diabetes and eating disorders with consequent increased morbidity - revealing poor diabetes control as a major contributing factor for people with this comorbidity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, an academic hospital adopted a systems-based morbidity and mortality conference model to review cases of serious maternal harm and implemented several safety measures (including teamwork training) to address issues that were identified through structured review. (ahrq.gov)
  • The implications for the doctors themselves and for the communities they serve warrant further attention, including programs specifically aimed at reducing the rate of psychological morbidity and burnout during internship. (nih.gov)
  • Psychological morbidity of celiac disease: A review of the literature. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this article is to review the literature on psychological morbidity of celiac disease. (nih.gov)
  • The Mortality and Longevity Research Program Steering Committee (MLPSC) is interested in examining the latest trends in obesity and developing an estimate of the impact of obesity in mortality and morbidity costs in the US and Canada. (soa.org)
  • Increased understanding of the potential effects of the trends in obesity on both mortality and morbidity would be helpful for pricing, valuation and other actuarial functions. (soa.org)
  • Researcher(s) will perform a literature review, providing a general overview of current obesity trends, the historical and current impacts of obesity on morbidity and mortality. (soa.org)
  • Rising midlife mortality rates of white non-Hispanics were paralleled by increases in midlife morbidity. (pnas.org)
  • The database contains summarized morbidity information collected since 1963. (cdc.gov)
  • The Hospital morbidity survey is an investigation that is produced yearly and which has been conducted since 1977. (ine.es)
  • Hospital Morbidity Survey. (ine.es)
  • The Hospital Morbidity rate reached 10,486 discharges per 100,000 persons. (ine.es)
  • Hospital Morbidity Rates per 100,000 inhabitants by main diagnosis, sex and age group. (ine.es)
  • Hospital Morbidity Rates per 100,000 inhabitants by main diagnosis, province, Autonomous City and Community of hospitalization. (ine.es)
  • In New York State in 1995, one hospital that performed only about half the recommended number of bypasses had a morbidity rate over twice the state average. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In "Mortality and morbidity in the 21st century," Princeton Professors Anne Case and Angus Deaton follow up on their groundbreaking 2015 paper that revealed a shocking increase in midlife mortality among white non-Hispanic Americans, exploring patterns and contributing factors to the troubling trend. (brookings.edu)
  • Currently, Bulgaria ranks 21st in the EU in terms of Covid-19 morbidity and 10th in terms of coronavirus mortality. (bnr.bg)
  • As with morbidity, mortality rate is often expressed in population units, typically as "per 100,000 people. (healthline.com)
  • In the last three days Bulgaria has registered record high levels of coronavirus morbidity-220 Covid-19 cases per 100,000 people. (bnr.bg)
  • When I took health in college, I was always very interested in morbidity rates. (wisegeek.com)
  • In this article, the authors systematically reviewed the effects of alcohol taxes and prices on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality to assess their public health impact. (rwjf.org)
  • The purpose of the study was to evaluate morbidity among workers in textile industry enterprises in Kaunas and analyze the data obtained in relation to sex, age, profession, and occupational health hazards. (mdpi.com)
  • Our results show that drug-related morbidity is a significant public health problem, and that it must be prevented across the whole of the healthcare sector," says Katja Hakkarainen, pharmacist and researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg. (innovations-report.com)
  • Epidemiologic follow-up is not always performed by health department staff in the locality where morbidity is assigned. (virginia.gov)
  • The HIV Co-Infections and Co-Morbidities initiative contributes to the broader health policy environment, encouraging integration of HIV with co-infections and co-morbidities, and strengthening health and community systems. (iasociety.org)
  • This includes a need for the key concepts from the HIV differentiated service delivery movement to be applied to HIV co-infections and co-morbidities to improve the cascade of care, maximize efficiencies and reduce the burden on health systems. (iasociety.org)
  • The general aim of the project was to (1) create the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH), which could provide a record of more than a decade of demographic, socioeconomic, and health conditions in one of the world's poorest countries, and (2) study the mechanisms through which poor rural individuals, families, households, and communities cope with the impacts of high morbidity and mortality. (umich.edu)
  • Improvements in health also brought declines in morbidity, even among the increasingly long-lived elderly ( 6 ⇓ ⇓ ‒ 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • Objectivesv To reduce mortality and morbidity rate among IDPs in the camp by increasing their access towards quality basic health services and providing them with a better referral system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The effect of ambient temperature on morbidity is a significant public health issue. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • When entering a service or procedure, clerks must be sure they apply the service code to the correct morbidity, especially when the patient is being treated for several different illnesses. (wiktionary.org)
  • Morbidity and mortality describe the frequency and severity of specific illnesses or conditions. (healthline.com)
  • According to preliminary data recently published in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Campylobacter and Salmonella caused the most reported bacterial foodborne illnesses in 2016. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • The report summarizes STD morbidity), by gender, type of STD, and by geographic area. (cdc.gov)
  • Data in these reports should be regarded as preliminary, as additional morbidity reassignments, de-duplication and other data cleaning procedures may occur after report generation. (virginia.gov)
  • Morbidity results from posterior synechiae formation (adhesions between the iris and the lens) that may lead to high intraocular pressure and subsequent optic nerve loss. (medscape.com)
  • These results suggest that public policies affecting alcoholic beverage prices significantly affect alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. (rwjf.org)
  • The results of this study provide further evidence to highlight the link between maternal morbidity and other risk factors such as advanced maternal age and previous caesarean delivery. (medindia.net)
  • Central line associated bacteraeimia (CLAB) results in significant patient morbidity, mortality and cost to the New Zealand healthcare system. (ebscohost.com)
  • The combination of eating disorders and diabetes is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Airway fractal dimension as a measure of airway branching complexity and remodeling in smokers is associated with respiratory morbidity and lung function change, offers prognostic information additional to traditional CT measures of airway wall thickness, and can be used to estimate mortality risk. (jci.org)
  • Preoperative diagnosis of cardiac co-morbidities is essential to ensure preoperative optimization and proper intraoperative management and helps to determine the potential need for combined cardiac surgery and LTx. (springer.com)
  • Can physical activity ameliorate immunosenescence and thereby reduce age-related multi-morbidity? (nature.com)
  • Reduce mortality and morbidity due to unsafe abortion in the three focus regions and contribute to the achievement MDG5 for Ghana. (popcouncil.org)
  • HealthDay)-Use of a clinical pathway-specific Maternal Early Warning Trigger (MEWT) tool can reduce maternal morbidity, according to a study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The Division of Surveillance and Investigation compiles morbidity reports for all reportable conditions in Virginia. (virginia.gov)
  • Data are based on morbidity assigned to specific counties, regardless of where the field investigation may have occurred. (virginia.gov)
  • Researchers use morbidity rates as general statistical data in determining how common a particular condition is, as well as in determining which members of the population are more likely to become afflicted. (wisegeek.com)
  • Collecting data on co-morbidities in a clinically relevant way poses serious challenges. (ncin.org.uk)
  • To begin to address this issue, and as part of the review of the National Cancer Dataset, NCIN held a workshop on co-morbidity data collection on 22nd October 2009. (ncin.org.uk)
  • DATA SOURCES AND Data EXTRACTION: We searched the PubMed database for epidemiological studies on ambient temperature and morbidity of noncommunicabie diseases published in refereed English journals before 30 June 2010. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Data SYNTHESIS: Descriptive and time-series studies were the two main research designs used to investigate the temperature-morbidity relationship. (thefreelibrary.com)