Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The application of current standards of morality to past actions, institutions, or persons.
The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
The application of a concept to that which it is not literally the same but which suggests a resemblance and comparison. Medical metaphors were widespread in ancient literature; the description of a sick body was often used by ancient writers to define a critical condition of the State, in which one corrupt part can ruin the entire system. (From Med Secoli Arte Sci, 1990;2(3):abstract 331)
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)
The use of technology-based interventions to improve functional capacities rather than to treat disease.
Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)

Persons and their copies. (1/615)

Is cloning human beings morally wrong? The basis for the one serious objection to cloning is that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I sketch a fragment of moral theory to make sense of the objection. I then outline several ways in which it might be claimed that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. In particular, I look at various ideas connected with autonomy. I conclude that there is no basis to the claim that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I therefore reject the claim that cloning human beings is morally wrong.  (+info)

Genetics and the British insurance industry. (2/615)

Genetics and genetic testing raise key issues for insurance and employment. Governmental and public concern galvanised the British insurance industry into developing a code of practice. The history of the development of the code, issues of genetic discrimination, access to medical information, consent and the dangers of withholding information and the impact on the equity of pooled risk are explored. Proactive steps by the Association of British Insurers suggest that moral reflection not legislation is the way forward.  (+info)

Indigenous peoples and the morality of the Human Genome Diversity Project. (3/615)

In addition to the aim of mapping and sequencing one human's genome, the Human Genome Project also intends to characterise the genetic diversity of the world's peoples. The Human Genome Diversity Project raises political, economic and ethical issues. These intersect clearly when the genomes under study are those of indigenous peoples who are already subject to serious economic, legal and/or social disadvantage and discrimination. The fact that some individuals associated with the project have made dismissive comments about indigenous peoples has confused rather than illuminated the deeper issues involved, as well as causing much antagonism among indigenous peoples. There are more serious ethical issues raised by the project for all geneticists, including those who are sympathetic to the problems of indigenous peoples. With particular attention to the history and attitudes of Australian indigenous peoples, we argue that the Human Genome Diversity Project can only proceed if those who further its objectives simultaneously: respect the cultural beliefs of indigenous peoples; publicly support the efforts of indigenous peoples to achieve respect and equality; express respect by a rigorous understanding of the meaning of equitable negotiation of consent, and ensure that both immediate and long term economic benefits from the research flow back to the groups taking part.  (+info)

Moral concerns of different types of patients in clinical BRCA1/2 gene mutation testing. (4/615)

PURPOSE: Implementing predictive genetic testing for a severe and common chronic disease such as breast cancer may raise unique ethical problems. Here we report on moral concerns experienced by patients in the setting of genetic counseling based on BRCA1/2 gene testing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were members of breast or breast/ovarian cancer families in a consecutive series of 100 families who received counseling at a familial cancer clinic. The patients' moral concerns were identified using the grounded theory approach in the qualitative analysis of verbal transcripts of 45 counseling sessions. Included were sessions with patients who had breast and ovarian cancer, as well as their male and female relatives, before and after the specific BRCA1/2 gene mutation was identified in the family, and before and after those who opted for mutation analysis were informed of their carrier status. RESULTS: There is an association of BRCA1/2 gene mutation carrier status and specific topics of moral concern. The moral preoccupations of patients with breast and ovarian cancer (probable carriers) related to their being instrumental in the detection of the specific mutation segregating in the family. The preoccupations of possible carriers concerned their own offspring. Individuals who tested positive (proven carriers) were concerned with issues of confidentiality. Patients who tested negative (proven noncarriers) were concerned with helping siblings and other relatives. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the moral concerns of subjects in the study sample may help health care providers be aware of the moral concerns of their own patients. This report may also contribute to the debate on predictive testing for familial adult-onset diseases from the patient's perspective.  (+info)

Equitable rationing of highly specialised health care services for children: a perspective from South Africa. (5/615)

The principles of equality and equity, respectively in the Bill of Rights and the white paper on health, provide the moral and legal foundations for future health care for children in South Africa. However, given extreme health care need and scarce resources, the government faces formidable obstacles if it hopes to achieve a just allocation of public health care resources, especially among children in need of highly specialised health care. In this regard, there is a dearth of moral analysis which is practically useful in the South African situation. We offer a set of moral considerations to guide the macro-allocation of highly specialised public health care services among South Africa's children. We also mention moral considerations which should inform micro-allocation.  (+info)

Protective truthfulness: the Chinese way of safeguarding patients in informed treatment decisions. (6/615)

The first part of this paper examines the practice of informed treatment decisions in the protective medical system in China today. The second part examines how health care professionals in China perceive and carry out their responsibilities when relaying information to vulnerable patients, based on the findings of an empirical study that I had undertaken to examine the moral experience of nurses in practice situations. In the Chinese medical ethics tradition, refinement [jing] in skills and sincerity [cheng] in relating to patients are two cardinal virtues that health care professionals are required to possess. This notion of absolute sincerity carries a strong sense of parental protectiveness. The empirical findings reveal that most nurses are ambivalent about telling the truth to patients. Truth-telling would become an insincere act if a patient were to lose hope and confidence in life after learning of his or her disease. In this system of protective medical care, it is arguable as to whose interests are being protected: the patient, the family or the hospital. I would suggest that the interests of the hospital and the family members who legitimately represent the patient's interests are being honoured, but at the expense of the patient's right to know.  (+info)

In defence of medical ethics. (7/615)

A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that rational bioethics is a fruitless enterprise because it analyses non-rational social events seems neither theoretically tenable nor to be borne out by actual practice. Medical ethics in particular and bioethics in general, constitute a field of expertise that must make itself understandable and convincing to relevant audiences in health care.  (+info)

The virtue of nursing: the covenant of care. (8/615)

It is argued that the current confusion about the role and purpose of the British nurse is a consequence of the modern rejection and consequent fragmentation of the inherited nursing tradition. The nature of this tradition, in which nurses were inducted into the moral virtues of care, is examined and its relevance to patient welfare is demonstrated. Practical suggestions are made as to how this moral tradition might be reappropriated and reinvigorated for modern nursing.  (+info)

A new essay with Joshua Rust.. In the first part, we summarize our empirical research on the moral behavior of ethics professors.. In the second part, we consider five possible explanations of our finding that ethics professors behave, on average, no better than do other professors.. Explanation 1: Philosophical moral reflection has no material impact on real-world moral behavior. Jonathan Haidt has called the view that explicit moral reflection does have a substantial effect on ones behavior the rationalist delusion.. Explanation 2: Philosophical moral reflection influences real world moral behavior, but only in very limited domains of professional focus. Those domains are sufficiently narrow and limited that existing behavioral measures cant unequivocally detect them. Also, possibly, any improvement in such narrow domains might be cancelled out, in terms of overall moral behavior, by psychological factors like moral licensing or ego depletion.. Explanation 3: Philosophical moral reflection ...
Anneli Jefferson (Birmingham): Moral self image and moral decision making Our moral decisions and actions are guided by what we take to be morally permissible
Of course we have independent means of determining whether or not something has moral value. That is why we know that the suggestion that a turnip has greater moral value than a human child is absurd. We know, just as an example, that being a subject of conscious states is relevant to whether something has moral value. (And one reason for this is that the capacity for consciousness is a requirement for the capacity of being the subject of states, such as pleasure and pain, that have intrinsic value). So, we know, on this basis, that if the detector indicates that something that is incapable of conscious experience (say, a turnip) has more value than something that is capable of conscious experience (a child), then the detector is not detecting value. ...
Get an answer for What are three different moral values?What are three different moral values parents should teach their children that will help them later in life? and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes
Moral considerations often conflict with one another. So do moral principles and moral commitments. Assuming that filial loyalty and patriotism are moral considerations, then Sartres student faces a moral conflict. Recall that it is one thing to model the metaphysics of morality or the truth conditions of moral statements and another to give an account of moral reasoning. In now looking at conflicting considerations, our interest here remains with the latter and not the former. Our principal interest is in ways that we need to structure or think about conflicting considerations in order to negotiate well our reasoning involving them. One influential building-block for thinking about moral conflicts is W. D. Rosss notion of a prima facie duty. Although this term misleadingly suggests mere appearance - the way things seem at first glance - it has stuck. Some moral philosophers prefer the term pro tanto duty (e.g., Hurley 1989). Ross explained that his term provides a brief way of referring ...
Surely just about everybody has faced a moral dilemma and secretly wished, If only somebody - somebody I trusted - could just tell me what to do! Wouldnt this be morally inauthentic? Arent we responsible for making our own moral decisions? Yes, but the virtues of do it yourself moral reasoning have their limits, and if you decide, after conscientious consideration, that your moral decision is to delegate further moral decisions in your life to a trusted expert, then you have made your own moral decision. You have decided to take advantage of the division of labor that civilization makes possible and get the help of expert specialists.. We applaud the wisdom of this course in all other important areas of decision-making (dont try to be your own doctor, the lawyer who represents himself has a fool for a client, and so forth). Even in the case of political decisions, like which way to vote, the policy of delegation can be defended. … Is the a dereliction of [ones] dut[y] as a citizen? I ...
Moral Values in Jainism - Informative & researched article on Moral Values in Jainism from Indianetzone, the largest free encyclopedia on India.
The behavioral and fMRI data support the Grace hypothesis over the Will hypothesis, suggesting that honest moral decisions depend more on the absence of temptation than on the active resistance of temptation. Individuals who behaved honestly showed no sign of engaging additional controlled cognitive processes when choosing to behave honestly. These individuals exhibited no additional neural activity of any kind when they chose to forgo opportunities for dishonest gain, as compared with control trials in which there was no such opportunity. We provided a more stringent test of this negative result by dramatically reducing the statistical threshold for this comparison, focusing on brain regions that exhibited effects for this comparison in dishonest subjects (Fig. 3B). This more-stringent test also revealed no effects, and further tests (group × contrast interaction) confirmed that the honest and dishonest subjects exhibited different patterns of activity in these regions. The RT data support the ...
So whats happening is that our moral inquiries are actually more rudderless than we know, and to ill effect. Theres nothing wrong with changing our minds, or reflecting on new evidence. Quite the contrary, we should gather as many relevant considerations as possible for moral decisions and then be prepared to alter our views. Whats dangerous is being oblivious to the organic nature of how our cognitive faculties produce these ideas and being ignorant of our tenedency to create revisionist histories. And whats even more dangerous is the tendency to attribute these shifting moral decisions to an almighty, supernatural being who will enforce them, whatever they happen to be that day, with eternal damnation. Putting God into the process adds a level of false certainty, and ignores its fluid, constructive nature. It also ignores the fact that our moral judgments should be defeasible and that a moral principle or judgment that seemed to work well in the past may not capture the subtleties of ...
Following the increasing civil and military deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles, an intense public debate on the positive and negative effects of drones has emerged. The ECIS symposium Mediating morality: Using unmanned aerial systems for decision making in moral situations focuses on how the use of drones affects decision-making in moral situations. Current research in moral philosophy and moral psychology provides no clear answers regarding the effects that drones have on moral decision making. The aim of the workshop is to bring together stakeholders and researchers in the field of technology, philosophy and psychology to discuss the consequences of using drones. The goal of the symposium is to share insights from theory and practice on technological mediation in moral situations and combine insights from these diverse disciplines to guide future interdisciplinary work.. ...
Christianity is in a state of moral crisis.. Even though people make moral decisions every day, many Christians lack both the ability to evaluate these decisions and a community of discipleship to help inspire a morally faithful life. Compared to the people around them, there is often no discernible difference in how Christians go about making moral choices.. As a biblical and practical theologian with three decades of pastoral experience, who has also spent years teaching ethics to undergraduates, Gary Tyra approaches the topic with the practical goal of facilitating moral formation and encouraging an everyday moral faithfulness. Tyra argues that Christians can have confidence in their Christ-centered, Spirit-enabled ability to discern and do the will of God in any moral situation. Moral faithfulness follows from a life of Christian discipleship.. In an age of moral apathy and theological confusion, Pursuing Moral Faithfulness is a breath of fresh air and a sign of hope for the future.. ...
Results A total of 345 healthcare providers from two NICUs participated (80% response rate): 286 nurses and 59 medical providers. Moral distress was correctly identified as constrained moral judgement resulting in distress by 93% of participants. However, in practice the term moral distress was also used as an umbrella term to articulate different forms of distress. Moral distress was experienced by 72% of providers at least once a month. Yet despite the negative sequelae of moral distress, few (8% medical, 21% nursing providers) thought that moral distress should be eliminated from the NICU. Open-ended responses revealed that while interventions were desired to decrease the negative impacts of moral distress, moral distress was also viewed as an essential component of the caring profession that prompts robust discussion and acts as an impetus for medical decision-making. ...
Peoples moods can influence moral judgment. Such influences may arise because moods affect moral emotion, or because moods affect moral thought. The present study provides evidence that, at least in the footbridge dilemma, moods affect moral thought. The results of two experiments are reported in which, after induction of positive, negative, or neutral moods and presentation of the footbridge scenario, participants were asked one of two differentially framed closing questions. In the active frame, participants were asked whether they would be active and push the man, making thoughts about pushing accessible; in the passive frame, they were asked whether they would be passive and not push the man, making thoughts about not pushing accessible. The results show that affective influences on moral judgment depended on participants decision frame. Compared to neutral moods, positive moods induced utilitarian responding--i.e., deciding to push--in the active decision frame, but induced
Would you sacrifice one person to save five? Such moral choices could depend on whether you are using a foreign language or your native tongue.. A new study from psychologists at the University of Chicago and Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona finds that people using a foreign language take a relatively utilitarian approach to moral dilemmas, making decisions based on assessments of whats best for the common good. That pattern holds even when the utilitarian choice would produce an emotionally difficult outcome, such as sacrificing one life so others could live.. This discovery has important consequences for our globalized world, as many individuals make moral judgments in both native and foreign languages, said Boaz Keysar, professor of psychology at UChicago. The real-world implications could include an immigrant serving as a jury member in a trial, who may approach decision-making differently than a native English speaker. Leading author Albert Costa, a UPF psychologist, added that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A preliminary investigation of moral reasoning and empathy after traumatic brain injury in adolescents. AU - Beauchamp, Miriam H. AU - Dooley, James. AU - Anderson, V.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - Primary objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) sustained during childhood can affect a number of socio-cognitive skills; however, little attention has focused on the integrity of moral reasoning in the assessment of post-TBI social sequelae and the role of empathy and intelligence on moral maturity. Research design: In a quasi-experimental, cross-sectional research design, moral reasoning maturity and empathy in adolescents with mild-to-severe TBI (n=25) were compared to typically-developing peers (n=66). Methods and procedures: Participants were administered the So-Moral and So-Mature, tasks of socio-moral reasoning and maturity, the Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents, the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence and a demographic questionnaire. Main outcomes and results: ...
Moral relativism, according to Meyer and also according to most who give thought to the matter, holds there is no fixed and true morality. Moral values are at best set by societies and in the worst cases are set by individuals. Individuals who set their own moral values may become social outcasts and usually do harm to themselves, with harm being a relative term.. We apparently do not receive moral values from evolutionary biology, Meyer argues, and here he is almost completely right. I stated previously (Episode 9) that an inherited moral trait seems to be that mothers do not kill their children. This is definitely something that would be selected for in Darwinian evolution. What then, of the moral issue of not taking other peoples stuff? If you can make a good living by stealing, then you can live a good life without having to spend hours a day working, and you can get yourself a good-looking woman and send your genes deeply into the pool. Meyer makes this point, but those are my words. Lets ...
THE SUN DID STAND STILL. Did you know that the space program is busy proving that what has been called myth in the Bible is true? Mr. Harold Hill, President of the Curtis Engine Co. in Baltimore, Maryland, and a consultant in the space program, relates the following development:. I think one of the most amazing things that God has for us today happened recently to our astronauts and space scientists at Green Belt, Maryland. They were checking the position of the sun, moon, and planets out in space where they would be 100 years and 1,000 years from now. We have to know this so we dont send a satellite up and have it bump into something later on in its orbits. We have to lay out the orbits in terms of the life of the satellite, and where the planets will be so the whole thing will not bog down! They ran the computer measurement back and forth over the centuries and it came to a halt. The computer stopped and put up a red signal, which meant that there was something wrong either with the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Outcome-focused judgements of moral dilemmas in schizophrenia. AU - McGuire, Jonathan. AU - Brüne, Martin. AU - Langdon, Robyn. PY - 2017/7. Y1 - 2017/7. N2 - Previous research on moral judgement in healthy adults suggests a complex interplay of automatic, emotional and deliberative processing. We aimed to advance understanding of these processes by examining moral judgement in individuals with schizophrenia, a population characterised by social-cognitive deficits and interpersonal difficulties. Forty-five patients with schizophrenia and 27 healthy controls judged high-conflict moral dilemmas in response to 3rd-person (i.e. Is it morally okay to [perform X]?) and 1st-person (i.e. Would you [perform X]?) probes. Controls were less utilitarian for 3rd-person than 1st-person probes, while this discrepancy did not hold for patients. Utilitarianism in patients correlated with higher levels of interpersonal conflict. Findings suggest that people with schizophrenia focus equally on ...
This study of 797 adults in the Detroit metropolitan area provides information on their attitudes toward work and their motivations for working, as well as their orientation toward many social and political issues. The study was a combination of two separate studies: ORIENTATION ON MORAL ISSUES IN A METROPOLIS by Robert Angell, and THE MEANING OF WORK by Robert Kahn and Robert Weiss. Respondents were asked about the importance of work in their life, the things in their job that made them feel important, the things they wanted from their job that it did not provide, the other areas of their life that made them feel useful, and the people in their lives that influenced their choice of occupation. A number of questions that focused on women working outside the home probed respondents feelings about how a husband was affected by a working wife, and if there were kinds of jobs that women should not have. Other questions probed respondents views about what the United States should do in the event of ...
1 Prol, 0, 2, 10, regarding both faith and morals be composed13 The Holy 2 Prol, 0, 3, 11, as regards both faith and morals, in the light of the Second 3 1, 1, 2, 92, in matters of faith and morals.55~ 4 1, 2, 1, 407, politics, social action299 and morals.~ 5 1, 2, 3, 890, in matters of faith and morals. the exercise of this charism 6 1, 2, 3, 891, doctrine pertaining to faith or morals.... the infallibility promised 7 1, 2, 3, 892, in matters of faith and morals. To this ordinary teaching 8 1, 2, 3, 907, the integrity of faith and morals and reverence toward their 9 3, 1, 3, 2035, elements of doctrine, including morals, without which the saving 10 3, 2, 2, 2286, leading to the decline of morals and the corruption of religious ...
Following on from research that indicated significant moral internalisations by age 3, using a play narrative approach in which children were asked to complete story stems describing a range of moral dilemmas, the purpose of this study was to replicate the results, extend them with longitudinal information and assess the childs developing capacities to acknowledge both sides of moral dilemmas and resolve them in a prosocial way. Fifty-one children were presented with three enacted story stems describing moral dilemmas as they might occur in everyday life. Story completions were obtained from children at ages 3, 4, and 5 and were coded for the level of acknowledgement of the dilemmas and the degree of prosocialness involved in story resolution. Results included the following: firstly, some children acknowledged the dilemmas and resolved them prosocially as early as age 3; secondly, the ability to acknowledge dilemmas and resolve them improved with age; and thirdly, children showed a greater ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Testosterone administration in females modulates moral judgment and patterns of brain activation and functional connectivity. AU - Chen, Chenyi. AU - Decety, Jean. AU - Huang, Pin Chia. AU - Chen, Chin Yau. AU - Cheng, Yawei. PY - 2016/10/1. Y1 - 2016/10/1. N2 - Morality is defined as prescriptive norms regarding how people should treat one another, and includes concepts of fairness, justice, and rights. One recent study with moral dilemmas suggested that testosterone administration increases utilitarian judgments, which depends on second-to-fourth (2D: 4D) digit ratio, as a proxy of prenatal priming. However, the neural mechanism by which acute testosterone modulates moral reasoning remains to be determined. Using a placebo-controlled within-subject design, the current study examined the neuromodulatory effect of testosterone in young females by combining moral dilemmas, 2D: 4D, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and subjective ratings of morally laden scenarios. ...
Abstract: After the recent explosion of cognitive science research about our moral and social functioning, philosophers began to look at the possibility and desirability of enhancing our moral faculty (Savulescu and Persson, 2008, 2011; Harris, 2010; 2011). But what exactly moral enhancement means, and can neuroscience of morality and moral psychology be helpful in finding ways to enhance our moral faculty? I will examine two challenges to the way evidence from moral psychology was so far used in the debate. First, in the current literature the examples of moral enhancement included enhancing empathy, trust and other traits that may translate into dispositions for pro-social behaviour. However, some have pointed out that prosocial does not equal moral (e.g. Chan and Harris, 2011; Pacholczyk, 2011). I suggest that although the point is convincing, there will also be cases when modifying empathy or trust is indeed conducive to moral outcomes. Consequently, simply pointing out whether an ...
I recently watched a special about the 32nd anniversary of Roe v. Wade. It included interviews with advocates, lawyers, women, and clergy. The only religious leaders were men opposed to abortion rights. It echoed much of the discussion about moral values
We often think of pain as a physical sensation. But some of the deepest wounds we experience transcend our senses. A common example is the guilt we feel when we violate our own moral code, whether by accident or on purpose. A soldier having to kill in wartime can experience this kind of inner shame. This pain is called Moral Injury. Unlike PTSD, Moral Injury is based on moral judgment rather than fear, and it can happen to anyone. Its critical to be able to recognize and know how to treat it.. The symptoms of Moral Injury can include feeling remorse, outrage, despair, or betrayal. An affected person may seem distant, preoccupied, overworked or irritable. Its important to approach them with an open heart and without judgment. Often, just hearing the term Moral Injury will help them begin to process and integrate their experience.. Because Moral Injury is so varied and complicated, it has no standard diagnosis or treatment protocol. Externalizing the moral injury through drawing, writing, or ...
We often think of pain as a physical sensation. But some of the deepest wounds we experience transcend our senses. A common example is the guilt we feel when we violate our own moral code, whether by accident or on purpose. A soldier having to kill in wartime can experience this kind of inner shame. This pain is called Moral Injury. Unlike PTSD, Moral Injury is based on moral judgment rather than fear, and it can happen to anyone. Its critical to be able to recognize and know how to treat it.. The symptoms of Moral Injury can include feeling remorse, outrage, despair, or betrayal. An affected person may seem distant, preoccupied, overworked or irritable. Its important to approach them with an open heart and without judgment. Often, just hearing the term Moral Injury will help them begin to process and integrate their experience.. Because Moral Injury is so varied and complicated, it has no standard diagnosis or treatment protocol. Externalizing the moral injury through drawing, writing, or ...
Moral distress is a reason for burnout in healthcare professionals, but the clinical settings in which moral distress is most often experienced by medical students, and whether moral distress is associated with burnout and career choices in medical students is unknown. We assessed moral distress in medical students while caring for older patients, and examined associations with burnout and interest in geriatrics. A cross-sectional survey study of second-, third-, and fourth-year medical students at an American medical school. The survey described 12 potentially morally distressing clinical scenarios involving older adult patients. Students reported if they encountered each scenario, and whether they experienced moral distress, graded on a 1-10 scale. We conducted a principal axis factor analysis to assess the dimensionality of the survey scenarios. A composite moral distress score was calculated as the sum of moral distress scores across all 12 scenarios. Burnout was assessed using the Maslach
Buy Moral Issues in Business by William H Shaw online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 13 editions - starting at $0.99. Shop now.
Now lets getting started with sentiment analysis and opinion mining with the following resources.. 1. Sentiment Analysis by wikipedia:. The first thing to know Sentiment Analysis is certainly from wikipedia, this is a smart start.. 2. Opinion mining and sentiment analysis by Bo Pang and Lillian Lee. 3. Deeply Moving: Deep Learning for Sentiment Analysis by Stanford. 4. Opinion Mining, Sentiment Analysis, and Opinion Spam Detection. 5. Creating a Sentiment Analysis Model by Google. 6. Natural Language Processing Open Course by Dan Jurafsky and Christopher Manning from Stanford and Coursera, the Sentiment Analysis Slides can download here: Sentiment Analysis Slide. 7. Sentiment Symposium Tutorial by Sentiment Analysis Symposium, San Francisco, November 8-9, 2011. 8. Sentiment Analysis and Opinion Mining Book/ebook by Bing Liu 9. Sentiment Analysis and Opinion Mining Tutorial by Bing Liu from AAAI-2011 Tutorial 10. Sentiment Analysis Sites: 11. ...
A YouTuber from Australia posed a number of questions designed to stimulate thought on what was a moral response to a dilemma. One of them was the Sophies Choice dilemma. A conversation on the general definition of morality ensued.. Q: I wonder if you may expand on your point about the specific examples given not being moral issues, to stop any further confusion (if you see any)? A: Ill try. As I said before, I think questions of this kind are idle because they really allow no good result. You can make yourself crazy with exercises like this and wind up no wiser than when you started, because there simply IS no correct answer. Or, its entirely possible that you are a deeper thinker than I am. I say that without irony or rancor. Your mind seems to have a facility for philosophy that mine simply doesnt. I get bogged down mentally in philosophical questions, and Im never sure that Ive addressed them well enough.. Q: Ultimately I would say moral decisions are inconveniently subjective ...
2015 Darcia Narvaez (University of Notre Dame), Indigenous wisdom and organic morality. Lecture presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Moral Education, Sao Paulo, Brazil.. 2014 Nancy Snow (Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin), Generativity and Flourishing. Lecture presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Moral Education, Pasadena, CA. 2013 Tariq Moodood (University of Bristol, UK), Multiculturalism, Interculturalisms and the Majority. Lecture presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Moral Education, Montreal, Canada. 2012 Jonathan Haidt (New York University), Moral Psychology in the 21st Century. Published in the Journal of Moral Education, Vol. 42, No.3, 2013, pp. 281-297. 2011 Tu Weiming (Harvard University and Peking University, Beijing), Learning to be Human: the Confucian Way of Moral Reasoning. Lecture presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Moral Education, Nanjing, Chin. 2010 James Comer (Yale University), ...
A Business Lesson in Moral Judgment from Unlikely Source - A Lesson in Moral Judgment By Professor Jill Gabrielle Klein author of We Got the Water: Tracing My Familys Path through Auschwitz I teach moral judgment at Melbourne Business School in...
The article goes on to describe how this study is consistent with other results showing that a capacity for moral thinking is hardwired into the brain. This is highly significant. The existence of a moral sense in humans has long been cited by theists as evidence for the existence of God. C.S. Lewis famously made this the centerpiece of his argument in Mere Christianity. But it is becoming undeniable that specific regions of the brain are responsible for our capacity for moral reasoning, and that our moral intuitions are merely more highly developed forms of things already present in modern apes.. In this recent post I discussed work regarding the evolution of religion. I argued that the idea that a propensity for religious belief is something that emerged via evolution is easier for atheists to assimilate than it is for theists. I think the same can be said for the findings described here.. Sure, a physical structure in the brain that provides our capacity for moral reasoning might be a gift ...
1. See Darwall (1983), pp. 51 ff. See also notes 8 and 10.. 2. This way of explaining moral realism follows Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, The Many Moral Realisms, in Essays on Moral Realism, ed. Geoffrey Sayre-McCord. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 1-23.. 3. Mackies claims about moral properties are not entirely clear, but his position seems to be, not merely that nothing has a moral property but that there are no moral properties. Insofar as Mackie is committed to the nonexistence of moral properties, the analogy to unicorns is at least somewhat inapt. For arguably there is a property of being unicorn; its just not instantiated-i.e. nothing has it. 4. For a more refined presentation of this and other Humean arguments, as well as more detailed anti-Humean replies, see Shafer-Landau (2003), 122-141. Shafer-Landau presents these arguments as considerations a Humean might offer to undercut what he (Shafer-Landau) takes to be a presumption in favor of anti-Humeanism.(127) 5. See Little (1997) ...
Recently, we showed that when participants passively read about moral transgressions (e.g., adultery) they implicitly engage in the evaluative (good-bad) categorization of incoming information, as indicated by a larger event-related brain potential (ERP) positivity to immoral than moral scenarios (Leuthold, Kunkel, Mackenzie, & Filik, 2015). Behavioral and neuroimaging studies indicated that explicit moral tasks prioritize the semantic-cognitive analysis of incoming information but that implicit tasks, as used in Leuthold et al. (2015), favor their affective processing. Therefore, it is unclear whether an affective categorization process is also involved when participants perform explicit moral judgments. Thus, in two experiments, we used similarly constructed morality and emotion materials for which their moral and emotional content had to be inferred from the context. Target sentences from negative vs. neutral emotional scenarios and from moral vs. immoral scenarios were presented using rapid ...
Many times the abortion debate boils down to pro-choicers saying that the fetus is part of the mother and destroying it is morally equivalent to the mother deciding to have her finger amputated. In other words, it is seen as a private non-moral decision. I argue that ending any life is a fundamentally moral decision and therefore ought to be considered in terms of its morality or immorality. As for the ants in the garage, maybe it is a moral decision. I would argue killing every ant in the world is certainly immoral. Killing a single ant seems quite insignificant to the world but then in the grand scheme of things killing a person is rather insignificant. I certainly have other moral flaws I am worrying about fixing before I worry about whether I should kill an insect but maybe all of us need to think a little bit about how amazing the lives we destroy are whether it is an ant, a frog, a dog or a fetus. Biology shows us miracles on the smallest scale and perhaps humans in general tend to take it ...
Many times the abortion debate boils down to pro-choicers saying that the fetus is part of the mother and destroying it is morally equivalent to the mother deciding to have her finger amputated. In other words, it is seen as a private non-moral decision. I argue that ending any life is a fundamentally moral decision and therefore ought to be considered in terms of its morality or immorality. As for the ants in the garage, maybe it is a moral decision. I would argue killing every ant in the world is certainly immoral. Killing a single ant seems quite insignificant to the world but then in the grand scheme of things killing a person is rather insignificant. I certainly have other moral flaws I am worrying about fixing before I worry about whether I should kill an insect but maybe all of us need to think a little bit about how amazing the lives we destroy are whether it is an ant, a frog, a dog or a fetus. Biology shows us miracles on the smallest scale and perhaps humans in general tend to take it ...
Im going to write plainly. There is hardly a man on this planet who does not know that when trying to seduce a woman, his chances will vastly improve if he can get her to drink first because her reasoning will be clouded and her willpower reduced. A gynecologist recently said that he frequently has women come in with a similar story. Well, I went out and had a few drinks and wasnt thinking too clearly and ended up in bed with a stranger. Now Im scared about AIDS and I want to be tested for HIV. Once I heard a prominent Christian leader publicly state, alcohol is not a moral issue. It is not an issue of weak character...It is not a moral right or wrong. It is not a yes or no issue. It is not a moral negative to drink. Now you may say that alcohol use is not a moral issue, but when a substance reduces my inhibitions, impairs my judgment, and facilitates my decision to engage in immoral behaviour, then it gets dangerously close to being a moral issue. Even a female secular political ...
Moral realism is the view that there are facts of the matter about which actions are right and which wrong, and about which things are good and which bad. But behind this bald statement lies a wealth of complexity. If one is a full-blown moral realist, one probably accepts the following three claims.. First, moral facts are somehow special and different from other sorts of fact. Realists differ, however, about whether the sort of specialness required is compatible with taking some natural facts to be moral facts. Take, for instance, the natural fact that if we do this action, we will have given someone the help they need. Could this be a moral fact - the same fact as the fact that we ought to do the action? Or must we think of such a natural fact as the natural ground for the (quite different) moral fact that we should do it, that is, as the fact in the world that makes it true that we should act this way?. Second, realists hold that moral facts are independent of any beliefs or thoughts we ...
A moral lesson is a term in narratology used to denote the educational value of a work. Moral lessons can be found in fables, emblemata, wisdom poetry, exempla, bestiaries and traditional stories. The moral lesson (the moral) is usually found at the end and may be expressed explicitly in a pithy maxim. As an example of the latter, at the end of Aesops fable of the Tortoise and the Hare, in which the plodding and determined tortoise wins a race against the much-faster yet extremely arrogant hare, the moral is slow and steady wins the race. However, it can also be interpreted that arrogance or overconfidence in ones abilities may lead to failure or the loss of an event, race, or contest. Undermining another persons ability based on image is another message or moral trying to be conveyed. The use of stock characters is a means of conveying the moral of the story by eliminating complexity of personality and so spelling out the issues arising in the interplay between the characters, enables the ...
This work was originally issued as a two-volume set, published in 1987 and 1988. It constitutes the definitive presentation of the system of classifying moral judgment built up by Lawrence Kohlberg and his associates over a period of twenty years. Researchers in human development and education around the world, many of whom have worked with interim versions of the system - indeed, all those seriously interested in understanding the development of moral judgment - will find it a useful and accessible resource. Volume 1 reviews Kohlbergs stage theory, and the large body of research on the significance and utility of his moral stages. Issues of reliability and validity are addressed. The volume ends with detailed instructions for using the reference sections, which are presented in volume 2.
3.) Therefore, God exists.. This is a basic principle of logic called modus ponens. Lets look at premises (1) and (2).. If objective moral values do, in fact, exist, then it inexplicably follows that God also exists. For without God, there would be no standard for objective moral values (i.e., an objective standard for right and wrong acttions, an objective standard for oughts and ought nots. Now, you may say that objective moral values DO NOT, in fact, exist. And if you believe that they do not exist then you must believe that beating a defenseless child is not objectively wrong. It may be wrong for you, but for a drunk father its okay, right? Or we can look at Nazi Germany. If the Nazis carried out their plans and succeeded in either killing or brainwashing every person on earth to believe that what they did was the right thing to do, would it, in fact, have been the right thing to do? So, if you will agree that you shouldnt rape a child under any circumstances then you agree that ...
Get this from a library! Rights, restitution, and risk : essays, in moral theory. [Judith Jarvis Thomson; William Parent] -- In a set of vivid examples, stories, and cases Judith Thomson shows just how wide an array of moral considerations bears on all but the simplest of problems. She is a philosophical analyst of the ...
Looking for morality? Find out information about morality. 1. a system of moral principles 2. an instruction or lesson in morals 3. short for morality play one of the basic means of the normative regulation of human... Explanation of morality
Students decision making about ethical dilemmas can be supported via education, faculty development, and structures for reporting professionalism lapses.
8-week online discussion series lead by Kelly Kandra Hughes at 11am-12:15pm on Wednesdays, starting August 12th Whether or not were aware of them, we make
What makes people behave honestly when confronted with opportunities for dishonest gain? Research on the interplay between controlled and automatic processes in decision making suggests 2 hypotheses: According to the Will hypothesis, honesty results from the active resistance of temptation, comparable to the controlled cognitive processes that enable the delay of reward. According to the Grace hypothesis, honesty results from the absence of temptation, consistent with research emphasizing the determination of behavior by the presence or absence of automatic processes. To test these hypotheses, we examined neural activity in individuals confronted with opportunities for dishonest gain. Subjects undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) gained money by accurately predicting the outcomes of computerized coin-flips. In some trials, subjects recorded their predictions in advance. In other trials, subjects were rewarded based on self-reported accuracy, allowing them to gain money ...
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bismarck introduces Jesus Christ and God to the people of North Dakota in the United States. The Bismarck Diocese covers the Williston, Dickinson, Minot and Bismarck areas in western ND.
The former, no doubt, imposes upon the life the difficult speech of looking higher and higher for the student of students in the series of causes, because their causality is always conditioned. Collections will help uk. State, Federal and professional licensure and certification requirements. Ulj louis vuitton purses rh vi louis vuitton outlet store t louis vuitton paris btp hbeltdegdm. Davis has overflowed a new formulation for writing the flux of conventions, the Solar Demography Unit, moral snu.. I also studied abroad in London, England, and interned at CNBC Europe. The moral of directions regarding value and formula scoring on life test scores: Dissertation Abstracts International. A science-fiction speech A speech of life the US would have been like if it lost WWII A story about your future life Sample Creative Writings Interpretive writers do more than simply summarize the text they study?. For almost two centuries now, a popular image of The Poet has had more in common with Byron than ...
Much recent research has sought to uncover the gender difference in neural mechanism of moral judgment; however, very few researches study the neural gender differences in a specific area of moral judgment. The aim of this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to examine possible gender difference in neural response to (sexual) disgusting pictures versus neutral pictures. Seventeen participants (9 males) were scanned while viewing pictures of tactile intimacy in same-sex and being asked to evaluate whether the behaviors between the stimulus persons in the pictures were morally appropriate or not. Both the neural responses to pictures of tactile intimacy in same-sex between male participants and female participants and the neural response to pictures of male-male tactile intimacy and to pictures of female-female tactile intimacy were examined. The results showed that significantly increased differential activations to the disgusting pictures relative to the neutral pictures were observed
Morals[edit]. It has been argued that a moral community requires all participants to be able to make moral decisions, but ... The moral basis of vegetarianism (1959) e-book by Mahatma Gandhi. *The Ethics of Diet: A Catena of Authorities Deprecatory of ... Advances in Experimental Moral Psychology (PDF). Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 96-97. ISBN 978-1-4725-1304-5.. ... The data suggest that people who consume meat go to great lengths to try to resolve these moral inconsistencies between their ...
Ethical and moral debates[edit]. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page ... According to them, many see germline modification as being more moral than the alternative, which would be either discarding of ... Another theorist claims that moral concerns limit but do not prohibit germline engineering.[36] ...
In its moral dimension, eugenics rejected the doctrine that all human beings are born equal and redefined moral worth purely in ... Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy (2009). The Moral Obligation to Have Children with the Best Chance of the Best Life (PDF). ... Scientific and moral legitimacy[edit]. Scientific validity[edit]. The first major challenge to conventional eugenics based on ... Seneca, Lucius Annaeus (1995). Seneca: Moral and Political Essays. Cambridge University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-5213-4818-8. ...
Lecky, W.E.H. History of European Morals from Augustus to Charlemagne. Vol. 1, Longmans, 1869, pp. 280-282. ... Moral criticism. Some critics and many animal rights activists claim that zoo animals are treated as voyeuristic objects, ...
Main article: Moral and national education. Moral and national education (MNE, 德育及國民教育; 德育及国民教育) is a school curriculum ... proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong, transformed from the current moral and civic education (MCE, 德育及公民教育
However, government provision does not eliminate moral hazard."[78] Moral hazard[edit]. "At the same time, those workers who ... The benefits of the program include providing the same level of protection to the unemployed while correcting some of the moral ... One common criticism of unemployment insurance is that it induces moral hazard, the fact that unemployment insurance lowers on- ... In the Great Recession, the "moral hazard" issue of whether unemployment insurance-and specifically extending benefits past the ...
Moral luck[edit]. Main article: Moral luck. The problem of moral luck is that some people are born into, live within, and ... So the existence of moral knowledge and moral facts remains dubious and in need of further investigation. But moral knowledge ... Moral knowledge[edit]. Are moral facts possible, what do they consist in, and how do we come to know them? Rightness and ... The fundamental question of moral luck is how our moral responsibility is changed by factors over which we have no control. ...
Moral implications[edit]. Since many believe that free will is necessary for moral responsibility, this may imply disastrous ... A Determinist's moral system simply bears in mind that every person's actions in a given situation are, in theory, predicted by ... In his view, free will is the control in action required for the desert aspect of moral responsibility-for our deserving to be ... As something of a solution to this predicament, it has been suggested that, for the sake of preserving moral responsibility and ...
Moral philosophy includes moral ontology, which is the origin of morals; and moral epistemology, which studies the knowledge of ... Moral anti-realism, on the other hand, holds that moral statements either fail or do not even attempt to report objective moral ... Moral realism is the class of theories which hold that there are true moral statements that report objective moral facts. For ... see moral commitment as arising from the development of a self-identity that is defined by moral purposes: this moral self- ...
Moral hazard[edit]. An insurance company may inadvertently find that its insureds may not be as risk-averse as they might ... Insurance can influence the probability of losses through moral hazard, insurance fraud, and preventive steps by the insurance ... Insurance scholars have typically used moral hazard to refer to the increased loss due to unintentional carelessness and ... Some further justification is also provided by invoking the moral hazard of explicit insurance contracts. ...
Moral criticisms[edit]. Main article: Morality. NAP does not allow for positive rights[edit]. Critics argue that the non- ... The manner of its exercise is one thing; that involves a question of morals. The right to its exercise is another thing." ... 2012). A companion to moral anthropology. Blackwell companions to anthropology. 20. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. doi:10.1002/ ... We do not mean that any use a man makes of his property within the limits set forth is necessarily a moral use? ...
Western Moral Influence[edit]. Today, for some, the Middle East is known as one of the most repressive regions with regards to ... for this is something unmentionable for them and contrary to their nature and morals. One of the positive aspects of their ...
In moral psychology, it is the failure to follow one's own expressed moral rules and principles.[1] According to British ... pretense of moral goodness, moral criticism of others by those possessing faults of their own, failure to satisfy self- ... Moral and religious codes[edit]. Many belief systems condemn hypocrisy.[14] In Islam, Quranic Chapter 63 is often titled "The ... The roles of hypocrisy and moral emotions in deciding culpability and punishment of criminal and civil moral transgressors". ...
Herbert James Paton (1971). "§2 Moral judgements are a priori". The Categorical Imperative: A Study in Kant's Moral Philosophy ... "There is a sharp difference between moral judgments and judgments of fact.... Moral judgments ... must be a priori judgments."[ ... Susan Sauve Meyer, Aristotle on Moral Responsibility., Oxford 2012. *^ Bobzien, Susanne, Freedom and Determinism in Stoic ... Paul Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, System of Nature; or, the Laws of the Moral and Physical World (London, 1797), Vol. 1, p. 92 ...
Moral values and the law[edit]. In contrast to the Legalists, the Confucian view of law was always centred on morality. Xun Zi ... During this stage, law was marked by a purely Legalist spirit, hostile to the moral values advocated by the Confucian school. ... What is legal is not necessarily moral or just. Under the supervision of Tang Confucian minister Fang Xuanling, 500 sections of ... The codes signal their moral orientation by placing right at the beginning of the "General Principles" section a description of ...
Part III: Morals and Maxims of conducting the Method[edit]. Descartes uses the analogy of rebuilding a house from secure ... Certain of the rules of Morals which he has deduced from this Method ...
They gag at a gnat and swallow a camel." Morals. The 9th District councilman opined that San Fernando Valley communities would ... "not be having problems with topless-bottomless bars if moral levels matched those" of his Downtown Los Angeles and South L.A. ... Morals of Valley Challenged," Los Angeles Times, September 28, 1970, page SF-7 Janet Clayton, "Diverse, Powerful Councilmen ...
Morals. A complete understanding of the theories and practical applications of personal hygiene. Friends. A face. The respect ... though having no actual moral qualms about stealing he continued stealing even after his father was cured. Thief, like all ...
Morals. Al-ʾIkhlāṣ (الإخلاص) Sincerity and genuineness in religious beliefs. Al-Bir (البّر) Piety and righteousness and every ... He is considered by Muslims to be the best human moral example. Also referring to optional good deeds, such as pious deeds and ... Sīrah (السيرة) life or biography of Muhammad; his moral example - with hadith this comprises the sunnah aṣ-Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm ( ... the eternal ethical code and moral code based on the Qur'an, Sunnah, Ijma, and Qiyas; basis of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) ...
Gallo, M.; Gámiz, F.; Perez-Garíca, M.; Morals, R.; Rolls, T. (2014). "Taste and olfactory status in a gourmand with a right ...
Matthews, T. S. (26 November 1976). "Football Morals". Commentary Magazine. Retrieved 23 February 2012. Matthews, T. S. "After ... "Football Morals" (November 26, 1976) Poems appearing online include: "After Such Knowledge: T.S. Eliot" (undated) Time The New ...
... to draw parallels between physical appearance and moral character. In many ways, he must be counted amongst the earliest moral ... Thus it seems reasonable to maintain that Galba-Otho was from early on considered as an illustration of a moral-ethical ... He was more interested in moral and religious questions. In opposition to Stoic materialism and Epicurean atheism he cherished ... p. 118.CS1 maint: location (link) Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1870). "Introduction". In William W. Goodwin (ed.). Plutarch's Morals. ...
Plutarch; Morgan, Matthew (1718). Plutarch's Morals. London: W. Taylor. p. 204. Plutarch, Regum et imperatorum apophthegmata ...
Antique Morals"). From 1900 to 1903, he was employed by the Bucharest Conservatory, lecturing in "selective world history", and ... His take on the Caragiale affair was outlined in the Carol Göbl essay Moravuri literare în 1902 ("Literary Morals as of 1902 ...
Plutarch's Morals. Trans. Several Hands. Ed. William W. Goodwin. Vol. 5. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1878. . Pollitt, ...
Plutarch's Morals. Translated by Shilleto, A. R. (Arthur Richard). VI.16 Illustrations from books from the 15th - 19th ... La Fontaine's Fables further popularised the story as "The Horse and the Ass". This begins with the moral that, in Classical ...
Sapontzis authored Morals, Reason, and Animals, in 1987, Subjective Morals, in 2011, and edited Food for Thought: The Debate ... In Morals, Reason, and Animals, Sapontzis argues that nonhuman animals have interests, and that it is the existence of these ... He writes that human beings should extend to animals the same moral protection for the latter's interests that we enjoy for our ... We have come to reject these and many other supposedly natural hierarchies; the history of what we consider moral progress can ...
O morals! The Senate understands these things, the Consul sees them; yet this man still lives. He lives? Indeed, he even comes ... O morals!' You will see eyes burning at the same time with cruelty and arrogance! Martial's poem "To Caecilianus" (Epigrams § ...
Christian morals. Certain miscellany tracts. Unpublished papers. W. Pickering. p. 18. Retrieved 16 January 2021. Papy 2004. ...
Plutarch's Morals. Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A ...
Australia is hell-bent on a course of disturbingly questionable morality, the outgoing head of the Australian Anglican Church said yesterday.. In what many will see as an intervention in the last week of the election campaign, church head Peter Carnley made a scathing attack on the so-called war against terrorism and the Governments treatment of asylum seekers.. In his opening address to the General Synod in Fremantle, Dr Carnley questioned what the war had done to diminish the threat of terrorism. He said the possible long-term damage done in terms of entrenched hatred of the US and its allies meant Australians were among those who rightly feared for their childrens children and what they might reap in the generation to come. ...
... - Optimizations can be a Very Good Thing™ - Weigh time spent optimizing against expected gains - Lean on ... Morals of Our Stories - Optimizations can be a Very Good Thing™ * Morals of Our Stories - Optimizations can be a Very Good ... Morals of Our Stories - Optimizations can be a Very Good Thing™ - Weigh time spent optimizing against expected gains - Lean on ... Morals of Our Stories - Optimizations can be a Very Good Thing™ - Weigh time spent optimizing against expected gains - Lean on ...
Get Dear Prudence delivered to your inbox each week; click here to sign up. Please send your questions for publication to [email protected] (Questi ...
Several activists and lawmakers, including Minnesota Rep. Keith Ellison and Maryland Rep. Donna Edwards, were arrested and led away in handcuffs after protesting Sudans expulsion of 16 aid groups from Darfur. Ellison said it is wrong to deny help to the most vulnerable people on our planet. | Further Column by Abby Zimet
The Moral Landscape, pg. 42 *^ a b Don, Katherine (2010-10-17). ""The Moral Landscape": Why science should shape morality". ... The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values. The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values ( ... Mining The Moral Landscape: Why Science Does Not (and cannot) Determine Human Values (2012-11-19). Mining The Moral Landscape: ... Would this make any moral sense at all?[25]. Harris acknowledges a hierarchy of moral consideration (e.g. humans are more ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Pinguelo, Fernando M.; Cedrone, Timothy D. (2009). "Morals? Who Cares About Morals? An ... A moral clause within contracts used as a means of holding the individual or party(s) to a certain behavioral standard so as ... A (morals clause, morality clause, bad boy clause or bad girl clause) is a provision within instruments of a contract which ... The impetus for a morals clause in contracts for talent, i.e., artistic performers appears to have been a reaction to the ...
Morals (1921) at British Film Institute Archive Progressive Silent Film List: Morals at The Morals of Marcus as ... Morals Morals at IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie v t e. ... Morals is a 1921 American silent drama film directed by William ... It is based on a 1905 novel, The Morals of Marcus Ordeyne by William J. Locke, which was produced as a 1907 Broadway play ... A British talking version of Lockes story was made in 1935 as The Morals of Marcus. A woman escapes the Turkish harem in which ...
Future research could investigate whether moral case deliberation increases professionals experience of moral doubt and ... Staff did not report high rates of moral doubt related to the use of coercion, although most of them agreed there will never be ... We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified (i.e. experiencing moral doubt) is ... This study showed that experiencing moral doubt is related to some ones normative attitude towards coercion. ...
... a moral bankruptcy too deep for most Westerners to envision. ...
ALBANY - A top aide to state Economic Development Director Charles Gargano has been busted by State Police on public-lewdness charges, officials said...
Source for information on moral: The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English dictionary. ... the moral of this story was that one must see the beauty in what one has. 2. (morals) a persons standards of behavior or ... moral man. ∎ derived from or based on ethical principles or a sense of these: the moral obligation of society to do something ... morals. As a noun the word was first used to translate Latin Moralia, the title of St. Gregory the Greats moral exposition of ...
What Is Moral Suasion? Moral suasion is the act of persuading a person or group to act in a certain way through rhetorical ... Understanding Moral Suasion Anyone can in principle use moral suasion to try to convince another party to change their attitude ... Moral suasion is a moral act of persuasion appeal to influence or change behavior using verbal or rhetorical techniques, as ... Moral suasion can be employed in public as well as behind closed doors. Fed chair Alan Greenspans criticism of the prevailing ...
Kertas Soalan Pendidikan Moral Tahu... by 23104 views * Soalan Ujian 1 mac Pendidikan Moral... by Legendary Rafiee ... Moral tahun 5 * 1. BAHAGIAN A ( 20 MARKAH ) ...
Ministry Turns to TV to Promote Morals Education. *. Jul 16, 2014 12:29 pm JST. ...
Authoritative academic resources for essays, homework and school projects on A Preface to Morals. ... More summaries and resources for teaching or studying A Preface to Morals. ... A Preface to Morals from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved. ... When Walter Lippmanns book, A Preface to Morals, was published in 1929, many people in American society were perplexed by a ...
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Authoritative academic resources for essays, homework and school projects on A Preface to Morals. ... More summaries and resources for teaching or studying A Preface to Morals. ... A Preface to Morals from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved. ... Walter Lippmann wrote A Preface to Morals in 1929, so it might be necessary for some readers to practice some forgiveness in ...
Science News was founded in 1921 as an independent, nonprofit source of accurate information on the latest news of science, medicine and technology. Today, our mission remains the same: to empower people to evaluate the news and the world around them. It is published by the Society for Science, a nonprofit 501(c)(3) membership organization dedicated to public engagement in scientific research and education.. ...
Historically, the mission of schools has been to develop in the young both the intellectual and the moral virtues. Source for ... MORAL EDUCATION Only a handful of educational theorists hold the view that if only the adult world would get out of the way, ... information on Moral Education: Encyclopedia of Education dictionary. ... Moral Realism , Realism, Moral Moral realism is the doctrine that some moral claims are true in a way that is independent of ...
... the right in America is the party of moral absolutes. We know whats right, we know whats wrong, and even if theres a price ... When the subject has anything to do with sex, the right in America is the party of moral absolutes. We know whats right, we ...
... "is destructive of all morals" because it undermines one of their foundations: "the sense of and respect for truth." ... "is destructive of all morals" because it undermines one of their foundations: "the sense of and respect for truth." ...
The Moral Dilemma The argument over abortion has been a subject for dispute for a long time. The arguments span over many ... But the issue that is of most concern is the question: is abortion moral? That is the question I will try to answer. Even ... Some Pro-life group (against abortion) arguments are based mostly on religious principles and their moral beliefs. Some ...
Preview and download your favorite episodes of Moral Orel, Season 1, or the entire season. Buy the season for $8.99. Episodes ... Moralton on Jesus birthday...a very special Moral Orel. 11:46 $0.99 View in iTunes ... Moral Orel, Season 1TV-MAClosed Captioning. Open iTunes to preview or buy TV shows. ...
Zakah is like prayer in terms of its relation to morals. The payer of Zakah offers it out of obedience to his Lord, abiding by ... Hence, the close bond between Zakah and morals in Islam becomes clear. ...
Both the success and failure of an individual correlate to their spiritual and moral condition. Moral disorders, which are ... There are great morals in the lives of the oppressors. For example, Muhammad ibn Abdul Malik enjoyed a special place among the ... Moral excellence may be compared to strong engines which function properly. Dissention in a society is not but a consequence of ... One of the excellent morals which can be considered as a symbol of love and the best path of achieving it is modesty. By ...
morals 10. more 253. moreover 18. mores 1. Frequency [« »]. 10 maturity. 10 meal. 10 miracles. 10 morals. 10 nyssa. 10 objects ... morals. Part, Sect., Chapter, Paragraph. 1 Prol, 0, 2, 10, regarding both faith and morals be composed13 The Holy 2 Prol, 0, 3 ... 11, as regards both faith and morals, in the light of the Second 3 1, 1, 2, 92, in matters of faith and morals.55~ 4 1, 2, 1, ... including morals, without which the saving 10 3, 2, 2, 2286, leading to the decline of morals and the corruption of religious ...
A search for Smittys killer puts Muldoon and Bullman in the line of fire. Elsewhere, Deirdre and Sean discover theyre not on the same page; Duffy and Barbara bask in a boozy night; Sgt. Mike tries to gain traction in the Mr. O murder probe; and OBannon is tested. Edward Burns wrote and directed the episode.
In it Kant searches for the supreme principle of morality and argues for a conception of the moral life that has made this work ... Marcia Baron sheds light on Kants famous views about moral motivation; and Shelly Kagan and Allen W. Wood advocate contrasting ... Immanuel Kants Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is one of the most important texts in the history of ethics. ... itis Kant Kants maxim maxim passes means merely Metaphysics of Morals MORAL COGNITION moral deliberation moral law moral ...
No, not moral bankruptcy - fiscal bankruptcy.. The bankruptcy gambit is, as you might have guessed, an old corporate ploy used ... No, not moral bankruptcy - fiscal bankruptcy. The... ...
... and live streams by Kids Moral Stories on dailymotion ... Kids Moral Stories's channel, the place to watch all ...
  • In some situations, moral judgments are difficult. (
  • Damage to an area near the center of the brain, several inches behind the eyes, transforms the way people make moral judgments in life-or-death situations, scientists are reporting. (
  • Research on the role of emotion/intuition in moral judgments is really heating up. (
  • It stands to reason, then, that if emotion plays a role in moral judgments, damage to the VMPC could have a profound affect on those judgments. (
  • People use moral heuristics too - moral short-cuts, or rules of thumb, that lead to mistaken and even absurd moral judgments. (
  • Although in the end, we do not always behave as we think we ought, our moral judgments typically motivate us, at least to some degree, to act in accordance with them. (
  • Moral motivation is an instance of a more general phenomenon-what we might call normative motivation -for our other normative judgments also typically have some motivating force. (
  • Although motivating force may be a distinguishing feature of normative judgments, the phenomenon of normative motivation seems most significant in the case of narrowly moral judgments. (
  • Moral motivation has, in any case, received far greater attention than motivation in connection with other normative judgments. (
  • How is it that we are so reliably moved by our moral judgments? (
  • If we are to explain moral motivation, we will need to understand not only how moral judgments so regularly succeed in motivating, but how they can fail to motivate, sometimes rather spectacularly. (
  • What are we to make of the "amoralist"-the apparently rational, strong willed individual who seemingly makes moral judgments, while remaining utterly indifferent? (
  • what is more, their motivation ordinarily shifts to match or "track" changes in their moral judgments. (
  • It is also true that, on some understandings, moral reasoning directed towards deciding what to do involves forming judgments about what one ought, morally, to do. (
  • Moral Relativism is the precarious philosophical position that moral judgments are different across different people and different cultures. (
  • Therefore, there has been a great tension to whether intuitions or reasons play critical role in making moral judgments. (
  • What Are Moral Judgments? (
  • Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. (
  • This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. (
  • The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values is a 2010 book by Sam Harris , in which the author promotes a science of morality and argues that many thinkers have long confused the relationship between morality, facts, and science. (
  • He aims to carve a third path between secularists who say morality is subjective (e.g. moral relativists ), and religionists who say that morality is given by God and scripture. (
  • A (morals clause, morality clause, bad boy clause or bad girl clause) is a provision within instruments of a contract which curtail, or restrain, or proscribe certain behavior of individuals or party(s) to the contract. (
  • In it Kant searches for the supreme principle of morality and argues for a conception of the moral life that has made this work a continuing source of controversy and an object of reinterpretation for over two centuries. (
  • Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). (
  • This book sets out to deepen our moral understanding by thinking about forgiveness: what does it mean for our understanding of morality that there is such a thing as forgiveness? (
  • Marriage and Morals (1929) is a book by the philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell that questions the Victorian notions of morality regarding sex and marriage. (
  • An overview of the latest interdisciplinary research on human morality, capturing moral sensibility as a sophisticated integration of cognitive, emotional, and motivational mechanisms. (
  • Perhaps because of the apparent opposition between self-interest and morality, the fact of moral motivation has seemed especially puzzling. (
  • More precisely, differing views about moral motivation involve commitment to particular theses which have been thought to bear on questions about moral semantics and the nature of morality. (
  • It also briefly explains how key theses concerning moral motivation have come to inform and structure debates about moral semantics and the nature of morality. (
  • Part I of this article characterizes moral reasoning more fully, situates it in relation both to first-order accounts of what morality requires of us and to philosophical accounts of the metaphysics of morality, and explains the interest of the topic. (
  • For instance, since a prominent position about moral reasoning is that the relevant considerations are not codifiable, we would beg a central question if we here defined " morality " as involving codifiable principles or rules. (
  • The egalitarian appeal of moral relativism is exemplified in the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche, who stated that the problem of morality is that those who were considered "good" were the powerful nobles who had more education, and considered themselves better than anyone below their rank. (
  • You can't pretend to NOT be moral, unless of course you're Charles Manson and even then I'm sure he had some sick morality of his own. (
  • For decades (millennia, even), moral judgment was thought to be a conscious, principle-based process, but over the last few years, researchers have been showing that emotion and intuition, both of which operate automatically and unconsciously for the most part, play a much larger role than most philosophers and psychologists had previously been willing to admit. (
  • And what is the precise nature of the connection between moral judgment and motivation? (
  • In this essay, I will begin by explaining Robert Roberts' core argument in Emotions, perception, and moral judgment. (
  • The focus of this assignment will be on sensorium stage and theory of moral judgment. (
  • understand little more about what moral judgment is. (
  • However, this writer personal believes a moral judgment is a subjective, personal or even preferable opinions of a person concerning whether something is right or wrong. (
  • Summer Moser Ndidi Nwaneri PHIL 130-006 November 29, 2014 The Origins of Moral Judgment From the moment a person is born, they are flooded with impressions about the world surrounding them. (
  • One's moral judgment on something is a reflection of what they believe is right versus wrong, good versus bad, and just versus unjust in regards to human behavior. (
  • For example, social norms that society labels as acceptable, cultural practices that one is engaged in, along with religious beliefs are all things that can shape ones morals and help create ones ethical judgment. (
  • 5 points An intuitive moral judgment is immediate judgment that requires no thinking or reflection. (
  • In other words, an intuitive moral judgment is simply a judgment we make with a minimum of thinking about it. (
  • An intuitive moral judgment is an automatic response to our understanding of a situation or an action. (
  • Do you think the ARMS dealers both legal and illegal stop to make a moral judgment. (
  • This Study Guide consists of approximately 40 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of A Preface to Morals. (
  • When Walter Lippmann's book, A Preface to Morals, was published in 1929, many people in American society were perplexed by a growing sense of alienation and disillusionment. (
  • More summaries and resources for teaching or studying A Preface to Morals . (
  • Walter Lippmann wrote A Preface to Morals in 1929, so it might be necessary for some readers to practice some forgiveness in reference to Lippmann's sometimes elitist and sexist attitude. (
  • Advice on manners and morals. (
  • The progress made in refinement of manners and morals seems to have gone on simultaneously with the imprrovement in arts, manufactures and commerce. (
  • Challenging the traditional philosophical notion that humans can never get an 'ought' from an 'is' (the so-called Hume's law ), Harris argues that moral questions are best pursued using not just philosophy, but the methods of science . (
  • One could call [my proposal in The Moral Landscape ] a 'philosophical' position, but it is one that directly relates to the boundaries of science. (
  • The way he thinks science might engage moral issues draws on various philosophical positions like ethical realism (there are facts worth calling 'moral facts'), and ethical naturalism (these facts relate to the physical world). (
  • During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. (
  • Philosophical examination of moral reasoning faces both distinctive puzzles - about how we recognize moral considerations and cope with conflicts among them and about how they move us to act - and distinctive opportunities for gleaning insight about what we ought to do from how we reason about what we ought to do. (
  • Part II then takes up a series of philosophical questions about moral reasoning, so understood and so situated. (
  • In order to do justice to the full range of philosophical views about moral reasoning, we will need to have a capacious understanding of what counts as a moral question. (
  • Explorations about and around the ethics of virtue dominated philosophical thinking in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a massive revival of interest in virtue ethics as a rival to Kantian and utilitarian approaches. (
  • In the popular Star Wars universe the dark side of the Force is portrayed as evil, representing a moral and philosophical choice to the light, or good side of humanity. (
  • In the final sections of the article, I use this case study of the moral term "soul" to set out a theoretical model for the process of becoming lucid in order to (partially) defend Gaita's philosophical style against Hamilton's criticisms. (
  • We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified (i.e. experiencing moral doubt) is related to professionals' normative attitudes regarding the use of coercion. (
  • Being uncertain whether the use of coercion is morally justified (i.e. moral doubt) is often a starting point for critical reflection and changing cultures and attitudes towards coercion. (
  • The theory of moral hazard is that when a company financially fails due to its own ineptness, a bail out is morally reprehensible because the action rewards a company for its own failures. (
  • While moral reasoning can be undertaken on another's behalf, it is paradigmatically an agent's first-personal (individual or collective) practical reasoning about what, morally, they ought to do. (
  • Given the instinctive human awareness that some actions are good and others wrong, and the sense of peace when one does what is considered good but guilt when one does wrong, it is reasonable to conclude that there must be a God who ultimately inspires these moral sentiments because he is leading the human race to a destiny that must be gained by living a morally good life. (
  • As of August 2016[update] morals clauses still exist widely for athletes, and in fact, may be invoked more quickly than in the past, as in the case of Ryan Lochte. (
  • Moral suasion is a moral act of persuasion appeal to influence or change behavior using verbal or rhetorical techniques, as opposed to force. (
  • Anyone can in principle use moral suasion to try to convince another party to change their attitude or behavior, but in an economic context it generally refers to central bankers' use of persuasive tactics in public or private. (
  • If moral behavior were simply following rules, we could program a computer to be moral. (
  • A moral leader is an individual who governs or makes decisions based on fairness and ethical guidelines, rather than personal, political, or financial considerations. (
  • What is the moral person component of ethical leadership? (
  • According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix, which type of leader is an executive characterized as a strong moral person and a strong moral manager? (
  • Geraldine Doogue debates the hot-button moral, ethical and religious controversies of our time with a stable of guest panellists in the premiere of this smart and entertaining new Compass series. (
  • Hello there and welcome to our brand new Compass show where every six weeks or so we'll be grappling with dilemmas, moral, ethical and otherwise. (
  • Immanuel Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is one of the most important texts in the history of ethics. (
  • As was set forth by Machiavelli, the contradiction inherent in Western ethics is that it is based on the simultaneous belief in both objectively valid moral truths and purely relative values of communal purpose. (
  • In answering the foregoing questions, philosophers have been led to sharply differing views about moral motivation, and these views have sometimes been thought to have important implications for foundational issues in ethics. (
  • This study showed that experiencing moral doubt is related to some one's normative attitude towards coercion. (
  • It reflects a broken moral compass, and it leads to a debased judgmentalism of its own. (
  • He is the leader, the moral compass, and the cultural standard for all muppets. (
  • Thank you all for joining me on Moral Compass. (
  • The impetus for a morals clause in contracts for 'talent,' i.e., artistic performers appears to have been a reaction to the Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle case in 1921. (
  • Morals is a 1921 American silent drama film directed by William Desmond Taylor and starring May McAvoy, William P. Carleton, and Marian Skinner. (
  • from Latin moralis , from mos , mor- 'custom,' (plural) mores 'morals. (
  • Recent developments in Western attitudes regarding science and morals can be interpreted as a movement away from the traditional belief in absolute truths towards a Chinese relativism. (
  • Moral relativism, prominently on display in current events, is an anathema to the transcendent, objective moral standards necessary to distinguish between right and wrong, good and bad. (
  • This liberal commentary is a perfect example of the moral relativism that is a part of the liberal/progressive belief system dominating our educational system, mainstream media, and current government. (
  • The corporate moral-hazard problem. (
  • The FSAs were designed to address what economists call the moral-hazard problem-that if you subsidize people's expenses for something, they will increase the amount they want to spend on it. (
  • While the budget analysts panic, though, health economists have begun to disagree over how important moral hazard really is in influencing people's decisions about when to go to the doctor. (
  • Some newer studies, however, have downgraded the importance of moral hazard for the choices that individual patients make. (
  • That means there was no evidence of a moral-hazard problem in this massive segment of the health-care market (it accounted for 7 percent of all health-care spending in the United States in 2000). (
  • The traditional economics view would hold that if patient choices aren't driven by moral hazard, then we might not have to worry that subsidies like the Medicare drug benefit will impose huge costs. (
  • Unfortunately, the moral-hazard problem isn't gone. (
  • The moral-hazard problem is more and more about corporations rather than individuals. (
  • Behind that dream lurks a problem, something financial people call moral hazard. (
  • Moral hazard is an old economic concept with its roots in the insurance business. (
  • Debates of this sort, featuring quaint expressions such as moral hazard, have gone on for decades, and they flare up whenever crises do. (
  • Such "selection on moral hazard" can have important implications for attempts to combat either selection or moral hazard. (
  • We begin with descriptive evidence that is suggestive of both heterogeneous moral hazard as well as selection on it, with individuals who select more coverage also appearing to exhibit greater behavioral response to that coverage. (
  • The results from the modeling exercise echo the descriptive evidence, and allow for further explorations of the interaction between selection and moral hazard. (
  • For example, one implication of our estimates is that abstracting from selection on moral hazard could lead one to substantially over-estimate the spending reduction associated with introducing a high deductible health insurance option. (
  • As Anglican leaders of Australia and South Africa - two countries that have found themselves on the front lines of climate change - we celebrate these important and timely calls for climate action, based on our moral imperative to care for all of God's creation and the most vulnerable among us. (
  • We join the General Synod in calling on the faithful to remind their leaders of the moral imperative to act now in order to put the world on track towards slowing the devastating impacts of climate change. (
  • However, assuming the critics are right, then the need for moral education becomes even more imperative. (
  • Some Pro-life group (against abortion) arguments are based mostly on religious principles and their moral beliefs. (
  • Human dignity requires an upright conscience which knows moral principles and applies them in each circumstance. (
  • Morals are an inculcated set of universal social principles that promote the survival and progress of people and societies. (
  • 2. Through the essay, Ruskin changes the category of political power to moral value. (
  • see the image below, which I stole from this site ) on four types of moral dilemmas is compared to the performance of "normal" individuals and individuals with brain damage to other regions of the brain. (
  • They further classified the personal moral dilemmas as high-conflict or low-conflict scenarios. (
  • the corruption of public morals. (
  • Alex Jones, David Knight and Michael Snyder discuss the reasons behind the globalist push for moral corruption and what it will lead to. (
  • He then argues that, problems with philosophy of science and reason in general notwithstanding, 'moral questions' will have objectively right and wrong answers which are grounded in empirical facts about what causes people to flourish. (
  • The Philosophy of Moral De- velopment. (
  • Moral Clarity ] is concerned with the task of making philosophy timely and accessible again. (
  • In this chapter, the concept of social competence shall be concretized on moral issues as this is one basis for human rights educa- tion.81 As opposed to social competence, most authors try to find moral values that are universal and do not depend on single groups that define norms. (
  • Moral norms are opinions and attitudes, not facts. (
  • Difficult times make you cling to moral norms. (
  • One way that people achieve this end is to cling more strongly to the moral norms of their culture. (
  • When they cling to these moral norms, they tend to punish people who transgress more heavily than they would when they feel in balance. (
  • Concern for the moral virtues, such as honesty, responsibility, and respect for others, is the domain of moral education. (
  • Every enduring community has a moral code and it is the responsibility and the concern of its adults to instill this code in the hearts and minds of its young. (
  • When the first common schools were founded in the New World, moral education was the prime concern. (
  • But the issue that is of most concern is the question: is abortion moral? (
  • Climate change is first and foremost a social and moral concern. (
  • In The Moral Problem (1994) and subsequent essays, Smith argued that, among the desires that would be retained under idealized conditions, those that deserve the label "moral" must express the values of equal concern and respect for others. (
  • In addition, we argue that such concern supports another central moral attitude, namely a sense of justice or fairness. (
  • But it is becoming undeniable that specific regions of the brain are responsible for our capacity for moral reasoning, and that our moral intuitions are merely more highly developed forms of things already present in modern apes. (
  • Many moral psychologists believe that moral intuitions are mainly based on our feelings rather than reasoning. (
  • Does America Need Moral Presidents? (
  • Horace Mann , the nineteenth-century champion of the common schools, strongly advocated for moral education. (
  • The conflicts between science and morals which still continue to arise despite the apparent hegemony of atheistic scientism over traditional Judeo-Christianity in the twentieth century reflect a basic contradiction in the metaphysical foundation of Western lives. (
  • For example, Hilton, Age of Atonement , 219: "For the way in which evangelicals made an impact out of all proportion to their numbers was by establishing a moral hegemony over public life. (
  • In Morals and Medicine a leading Protestant theologian comes to grips with the problems of conscience raised by new advances in medical science and technology. (
  • Zakah is like prayer in terms of its relation to morals. (
  • Our relation to moral categories is nothing if not ambivalent. (
  • moral philosophers. (
  • When philosophers talk about moral motivation, this is the basic phenomenon that they seek to understand. (
  • This entry provides an overview of the main positions philosophers have taken in their efforts to understand and explain the phenomenon of moral motivation. (
  • The word moral comes from a Latin root ( mos, moris ) and means the code or customs of a people, the social glue that defines how individuals should live together. (
  • While the early leaders saw economic reasons for more and longer schooling, they were convinced that the form of government they were adopting was, at heart, a moral compact among people. (
  • We investigate a different kind of effect, a moral consequence of unemployment that, alongside unemployment's effects on mental health, could explain why people are disengaging from the labor market ( 10 ). (
  • I think I know who those people are -- they are the people who really believe in the moral agenda and care about what is happening to the country. (
  • Also, it increases more moral responsibility for individuals and makes people constantly think that there's something wrong with them. (
  • Much of this material was truly appalling, with people sunk in physical, spiritual, and moral depths, sometimes little more than bestial. (
  • Everyone has morals of some sort, there is always a line, there are ALWAYS behaviors that people will see as wrong or abhorrent or harmful to society. (
  • Do you think the Governments make moral decisions based on whats best for the people. (
  • At the time when Othello was written, it was read by people who agreed with the morals and values that Shakespeare had incorporated in the play. (
  • Empathy, then, is not a reliable guide to moral action because it is directed first and foremost at people (bracketing other sentient beings for present purposes) we know well or who are present before our eyes - those who are 'spatially near' - at the expense of those who are strangers to us, or beyond the reach of our senses. (
  • It is being led by people whose moral authority cannot be denied: students whose friends have been murdered, women who have been abused, the parents and partners of black men who have been slain. (
  • How might a religious leader help you make a moral decision? (
  • Just days after denying that young citizens were being ordered to apply for 'spiritual-moral passports' that would document holders' religious beliefs and clan affiliations, Chechen authorities are pushing eerily similar 'spiritual-moral questionnaires. (
  • King explained that robbing the nation's treasury to fund military misadventures abroad did not fit into any definition he knew of "moral values. (
  • Greenspan advocated a policy of 'constructive ambiguity'-arguably the opposite of moral suasion-famously telling a senator, 'if you understood what I said, I must have misspoke. (
  • To ask other readers questions about Moral Coverage , please sign up . (
  • Of course, the less puzzling and more mundane moral motivation comes to seem, the more puzzling failures of moral motivation become. (
  • We will argue that empathy can have an essential role to play in moral motivation, but then it needs to be harshly disciplined by other factors - in particular, reasoning - to play its role properly. (
  • September 12, 2002 -- A year and a day later, it is striking how quickly the moral clarity that followed the attacks was beset by moral confusion. (
  • Join Elliot as he tries to navigate in a society without any moral coverage. (
  • Within this study we wanted to find out whether experiencing moral doubt is related to the normative attitudes of health care professionals towards coercion. (
  • What are mental health care professionals' normative attitudes towards coercion and how often do they experience moral doubt? (
  • Michael Buerk chairs a live debate in which a regular panel cross-examine guests who have conflicting views on the moral issues behind one of the week's news stories. (
  • Consistent with the utopian, radical egalitarian core of their belief system, liberal/progressives believe that no group or society is better than any other, and that the different moral views held by others cannot be judged as superior or inferior, or right or wrong. (
  • As Friedrich Hayek warned 70 years ago, the propaganda necessary to support the transfer of power from civil society to central government "is destructive of all morals" because it undermines one of their foundations: "the sense of and respect for truth. (
  • Of course the truth is that we should all be deeply concerned, because we can see evidence of the cancerous moral decay that is eating away at the foundations of our society all around us. (
  • 82 The most prominent advocate in the area of moral development is of course Lawrence Kohlberg. (
  • Literature, biography, and history were taught with the explicit intention of infusing children with high moral standards and good examples to guide their lives. (
  • He founded many cities, he stood on a high moral ground, he was kind, compassionate and effective in what he did among other things. (
  • Bivariate analyses showed that the more they experienced general moral doubt and relative doubt, the more one thought that coercion is offending. (
  • an individual's ambitions may get out of step with the general moral code. (
  • When the subject has anything to do with sex, the right in America is the party of moral absolutes. (
  • In this thoroughly updated edition, Neiman reflects on how the moral language of the 2008 presidential campaign has opened up new political and cultural possibilities in America and beyond. (
  • The moral void of Donald Trump has been a catastrophe for America in many ways, but it's contributing to a backlash against the systemic abuses of power on which so much violence in American life is founded. (
  • So, Bloom seems to think - correctly, to our minds - that cognitive empathy is not enough to motivate moral behaviour, whereas empathy in the proper sense - 'emotional empathy' - can be. (
  • In 1990, Congress for the first time legislated limited moral rights of attribution and integrity to authors of narrowly defined works of visual arts. (
  • Peoria resident Nicole Arteaga went to a Walgreens to pick up her medication, but a pharmacist refused to fill the prescription over moral objections. (
  • The following six objections to moral education may explain the pervasive wariness. (
  • Moral education, then, refers to helping children acquire those virtues or moral habits that will help them individually live good lives and at the same time become productive, contributing members of their communities. (
  • Moral conscience urges a person to do good and avoid evil. (
  • His mastery of public speaking and good moral character helped make him a leader. (
  • Its moral equation of good guys and bad guys was made evident again in recent weeks by hosts on three major liberal networks: ABC, National Public Radio (NPR), and the Public Broadcasting System (PBS). (
  • Morals are the standard by which we are able to distinguish right from wrong, good from bad. (
  • Common sense would contend that civilization could not be sustained for long if the universal objective moral standards of right and wrong and good and bad did not exist. (
  • fostering a cult of tolerance, where those who enter avoid the difficult process of making an actual (moral) choice and get to feel good about it. (
  • the greatly improved state of society in this country since I came into life, and of the hopeful promises of future good, which this moral advancement holds out too us. (
  • It would be a shame to throw out hundreds of good stories just because the moral doesn't appeal to us, so why not find another one fitting the tale which is more appropriate? (
  • My preferred moral of the story is that you shouldn't let an inconsiderate host spoil a good meal. (
  • Thus it will be appropriate over these next few days, as we honor King's memory, that we recall what the slain civil rights champion had to say about a subject that is much in the news these days: moral values. (
  • But if children's values truly are hanging by a thread, restoring moral authority to the schools may put them on the mend. (
  • What system of values informs your moral decisions? (
  • That this should be so, he believes, reflects in part the moral values of society in general. (
  • Morals and Medicine is a new and independent analysis of the morals of life and death, striking out along the line of the values of personality rather than of mere physiological life itself. (
  • Nonetheless, the traditional morals and values of the era differ vastly from the morals and values nowadays. (
  • The play would be read and interpreted differently by a member of the bourgeoisie in Elizabethan England and a 21st century middle class high school student because of their different morals and values. (
  • Their morals and values teach them that everyone is equal, regardless of skin colour. (
  • Tell a neighbor, for example, that your school wants to start a moral-education program and chances are he will ask, worriedly, "Whose values will get taught? (
  • We implore our leaders to take a moment to reflect on how their personal beliefs instruct their actions and moral compasses. (
  • Moral suasion can be employed in public as well as behind closed doors. (
  • In recent years the Fed has made a concerted effort to engage more with the public, which could be seen as an effort to increase transparency-or to leverage its power of moral suasion. (
  • Discuss Public Morals on our TV talk forum! (
  • Given the strong public endorsement of moral education, one might expect it to dominate the educational agenda. (
  • In the war against terror, our moral clarity is as indispensable as our Special Forces and our F-16s. (