Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)

To tell the truth: disclosing the incentives and limits of managed care. (1/389)

As managed care becomes more prevalent in the United States, concerns have arisen over the business practices of managed care companies. A particular concern is whether patients should be made aware of the financial incentives and treatment limits of their healthcare plan. At present, managed care organizations are not legally required to make such disclosures. However, such disclosures would be advisable for reasons of ethical fidelity, contractual clarity, and practical prudence. Physicians themselves may also have a fiduciary responsibility to discuss incentives and limits with their patients. Once the decision to disclose has been made, the managed care organization must draft a document that explains, clearly and honestly, limits of care in the plan and physician incentives that might restrict the care a patient receives.  (+info)

Physicians' perceptions of managed care. (2/389)

We wished to determine physicians' views and knowledge of managed care, particularly their beliefs about the provisions of managed care contracts in terms of legality and ethics. A questionnaire was sent to the 315 physicians of the medical staff of Norwalk Hospital in Connecticut regarding managed care and managed care contracts. Sixty-six responses were received within a 45-day period (20.9% return). Although only 1 of 11 contract provisions presented in one section of the questionnaire was illegal in Connecticut, a majority of physicians believed 7 of the 11 were illegal. On average, 50% of physicians polled thought each of the provisions was illegal, and a varying majority of physicians (53% to 95.4%) felt the various provisions were unethical. The majority of respondents (84.8% to 92.4%) believed that nondisclosure provisions were unethical. Ninety-seven percent thought managed care interferes with quality of care, and 72.7% of physicians felt that the managed care industry should be held legally responsible for ensuring quality of care. However, 92.4% of physicians considered themselves to be ethically responsible for ensuring quality of care. Physicians have a poor understanding of the legal aspects of managed care contracts but feel strongly that many provisions of these contracts are unethical. Physicians also believe that managed care is causing medicine to be practiced in a manner that is contrary to patients' interests and that legal recourse is needed to prevent this.  (+info)

Factors associated with refusal to treat HIV-infected patients: the results of a national survey of dentists in Canada. (3/389)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated dentists refusal to treat patients who have HIV. METHODS: A survey was mailed to a random sample of all licensed dentists in Canada, with 3 follow-up attempts (n = 6444). Data were weighted to allow for probability of selection and nonresponse and analyzed with Pearson's chi 2 and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The response rate was 66%. Of the respondents, 32% had knowingly treated HIV-infected patients in the last year; 16% would refuse to treat HIV-infected patients. Respondents reported willingness to treat HIV-infected patients (81%), injection drug users (86%), hepatitis B virus-infected patients (87%), homosexual and bisexual persons (94%), individuals with sexually transmitted disease(s) (94%), and recipients of blood and blood products (97%). The best predictors of refusal to treat patients with HIV were lack of ethical responsibility (odds ratio = 9.0) and items related to fear of cross-infection or lack of knowledge of HIV. CONCLUSIONS: One in 6 dentists reported refusal to treat HIV-infected patients, which was associated primarily with respondents' lack of belief in an ethical responsibility to treat patients with HIV and fears related to cross-infection. These results have implications for undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing education.  (+info)

Should we clone human beings? Cloning as a source of tissue for transplantation. (4/389)

The most publicly justifiable application of human cloning, if there is one at all, is to provide self-compatible cells or tissues for medical use, especially transplantation. Some have argued that this raises no new ethical issues above those raised by any form of embryo experimentation. I argue that this research is less morally problematic than other embryo research. Indeed, it is not merely morally permissible but morally required that we employ cloning to produce embryos or fetuses for the sake of providing cells, tissues or even organs for therapy, followed by abortion of the embryo or fetus.  (+info)

Beware! Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may solve some old problems but it also raises new ones. (5/389)

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PIGD) goes some way to meeting the clinical, psychological and ethical problems of antenatal testing. We should guard, however, against the assumption that PIGD is the answer to all our problems. It also presents some new problems and leaves some old problems untouched. This paper will provide an overview of how PIGD meets some of the old problems but will concentrate on two new challenges for ethics (and, indeed, law). First we look at whether we should always suppose that it is wrong for a clinician to implant a genetically abnormal zygote. The second concern is particularly important in the UK. The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (1990) gives clinicians a statutory obligation to consider the interests of the future children they help to create using in vitro fertilisation (IVF) techniques. Does this mean that because PIGD is based on IVF techniques the balance of power for determining the best interests of the future child shifts from the mother to the clinician?  (+info)

Should doctors intentionally do less than the best? (6/389)

The papers of Burley and Harris, and Draper and Chadwick, in this issue, raise a problem: what should doctors do when patients request an option which is not the best available? This commentary argues that doctors have a duty to offer that option which will result in the individual affected by that choice enjoying the highest level of wellbeing. Doctors can deviate from this duty and submaximise--bring about an outcome that is less than the best--only if there are good reasons to do so. The desire to have a child which is genetically related provides little, if any, reason to submaximise. The implication for cloning, preimplantation diagnosis and embryo transfer is that doctors should only produce a clone or transfer embryos expected to enjoy a level of wellbeing which is less than that enjoyed by other children the couple could have, if there is a good reason to employ that technology. This paper sketches what might constitute a good reason to submaximise.  (+info)

Genetic privacy: orthodoxy or oxymoron? (7/389)

In this paper we question whether the concept of "genetic privacy" is a contradiction in terms. And, if so, whether the implications of such a conclusion, inevitably impact on how society comes to perceive privacy and responsibility generally. Current law and ethical discourse place a high value on self-determination and the rights of individuals. In the medical sphere, the recognition of patient "rights" has resulted in health professionals being given clear duties of candour and frankness. Dilemmas arise, however, when patients decline to know relevant information or, knowing it, refuse to share it with others who may also need to know. This paper considers the notions of interconnectedness and responsibility to others which are brought to the fore in the genetic sphere and which challenge the primacy afforded to personal autonomy. It also explores the extent to which an individual's perceived moral obligations can or should be enforced.  (+info)

Prenatal diagnosis and discrimination against the disabled. (8/389)

Two versions of the argument that prenatal diagnosis discriminates against the disabled are distinguished and analysed. Both are shown to be inadequate, but some valid concerns about the social effects of prenatal diagnosis are highlighted.  (+info)

New scientific advances have created previously unheard of possibilities for enhancing combatants performance. Future war fighters may be smarter, stronger, and braver than ever before. If these technologies are safe, is there any reason to reject their use? In this article, I argue that the use of enhancements is constrained by the importance of maintaining the moral responsibility of military personnel. This is crucial for two reasons: the militarys ethical commitments require military personnel to be morally responsible agents, and moral responsibility is necessary for integrity and the moral emotions of guilt and remorse, both of which are important for moral growth and psychological well-being. Enhancements that undermined combatants moral responsibility would therefore undermine the militarys moral standing and would harm combatants well-being. A genuine commitment to maintaining the militarys ethical standards and the well-being of combatants therefore requires a careful analysis of ...
Theres lots more to say about this basic argument, and there are lots of ways in which people have tried to get around the conclusion. But none of them work.. Tamler: I notice that the argument makes no mention of the theory of determinism. But historically the debate over freedom and responsibility has revolved around the truth of determinism, and the question of whether free will and moral responsibility are compatible with it.. Galen: Yes, many people think that determinism-the view that the history of the universe is fixed, the view that everything that happens is strictly necessitated by what has already gone before, in such a way that nothing can ever happen otherwise than it does-is the real threat to free will, to ultimate moral responsibility. But the basic argument against ultimate moral responsibility works whether determinism is true or false. Its a completely a priori argument, as philosophers like to say. That means that you can see that it is true just lying on your couch. You ...
Free Essay: Moral Duty of Care 1 MORAL DUTY OF CARE Moral Duty of Care 2 There are so many challenges when dealing with a sick loved one. But it can even...
This chapter analyzes how Libets experiments bear on criminal and moral responsibility. More specifically, it addresses the question of whether Libet has demonstrated that the consciously willed bodily movement, the centerpiece of our notions of criminal and moral responsibility, is an illusion. It suggests that the gatekeeper role for conscious will, which Libet allows, does not require any revision of traditional notions of moral and criminal responsibility.
The idea of moral responsibility is central to a wide range of our moral, social, and legal practices. It underpins our basic notion of culpability. Yet the ide
The Moral Responsibility of Volunteer Soldiers from Boston Review. Traditional just war theory has it wrong. Soldiers are morally culpable for fighting in unjust wars, and thus deserve the option of selective conscientious objection.
|p||i|Bullets Over Broadway|/i| seems ripe for musicalization, though the audience may wonder if the on-stage story is Allens comment on, or defense of, the moral responsibility of an artist.|/p|
Article: Martin OMalley Attempts a Politics of Moral Duty - OMalley says, We are still capable of acting like the compassionate, and generous, and caring people our grandparents expected us to become and that our children need for us to be. That is a morals message, a values message, and it has appeal -- not just with Democrats but with a lot of Americans who might vote Democratic.
My paper addresses the notion of moral responsibility in religious ethics. I begin with the outline of the doctrine of moral heteronomy. The scripture stories of the Tables of the Laws and the Holy Covenant provide the general pattern for heteronomic ethics. My claim is that heteronomic ethics transfers the responsibility for the action A an agent x is performing from x to the normative system commanding x to perform A. I then picture the architecture of the normative system of (...) the Decalogue (System D) and I work out criteria for the completeness and consistency of the system. In the next section I make the case for the actual incompleteness and inconsistency of D. As a consequence, an agent subject to the authority of D can not rule his moral conduct by the norms in D. Therefore, the acceptance of D transfers the moral responsibility for the actions by x from x to D, but D does not provide a complete and consistent system of norms to rule xs conduct. In the final section of the paper I ...
The OP could better approach the question of moral responsibility apart from the question of free will. We can maintain responsibility without the condition that the choice is entirely free. We are never truly free because of a multitude of influences that warp our ability to choose. If it is required that our choice be completely free to be morally culpable, there would no longer be any conviction of any infraction. Our culture plays this game with even the most heinous offences. Each time there is a mass killing, we psychoanalyze to discover the mental illness. We desperately search for the factor that convinces us that the perpetrator has some deficiency that the rest of us do not have so we can be comforted that we are not capable of evil like that. Part of moral responsibility needs to include making the right choices even with the worst of circumstances, backgrounds and previous abuses ...
Structural change requires collective action: action that is possible only if we all take responsibility for our choices and for making better ones.
In school, in the subject ethics we had one semester under the theme freedom and determinism. A lot of time there went into agreeing on terms, sometimes without positive result. So I am a bit hesitating to start discussing about the term free will itself. That is the notion of free will is rather fuzzy. But sometimes one can eventually also find some kind of fuzzy agreements. Free will is for me here the free will of an individuum. That is you have the notion of the free will of peoples a.s.o. but this is not I am discussing about. (Free) Will means here for me that an individuum is having some internal brain state upon which it makes some decisions (I understand that amongst others you want to discuss wether it is per se possible to predict or not predict the decisions of that individuum given its brain state, but for the following this is not important). Lets for simplicity assume the decision is to pick a cereal. If someone else is doing this decision for you (like via the previously ...
In school, in the subject ethics we had one semester under the theme freedom and determinism. A lot of time there went into agreeing on terms, sometimes without positive result. So I am a bit hesitating to start discussing about the term free will itself. That is the notion of free will is rather fuzzy. But sometimes one can eventually also find some kind of fuzzy agreements. Free will is for me here the free will of an individuum. That is you have the notion of the free will of peoples a.s.o. but this is not I am discussing about. (Free) Will means here for me that an individuum is having some internal brain state upon which it makes some decisions (I understand that amongst others you want to discuss wether it is per se possible to predict or not predict the decisions of that individuum given its brain state, but for the following this is not important). Lets for simplicity assume the decision is to pick a cereal. If someone else is doing this decision for you (like via the previously ...
FamilyTreeDNA did not immediately respond to a Gizmodo request for comment on whether the new ad campaign was a response to recent reporting on the companys arrangement with FBI.. In a public statement, FamilyTreeDNAs president and founder, Bennett Greenspan, seemed to appeal to both genealogy hobbyists and true crime fans. The genealogy community has the ability to crowd-source crime solving, Greenspan said. If FamilyTreeDNA can help prevent violent crimes, save lives, or bring closure to families, then we feel the company has a moral responsibility to do so.. The press release states that the companys terms of service only allow law enforcement to receive private customer information through a valid legal process such as a subpoena or a search warrant.. FamilyTreeDNA users may have a moral responsibility to decide if they want to opt out of sharing their data with law enforcement or risk having their DNA narc on them or their family members.. [FamilyTreeDNA via ZDNet]. ...
Now, anybody who has been introduced to even a little logic will recognize this as what is called the no true Scotsman fallacy.. The No True Scotsman fallacy is a piece of political sophistry that is often used specifically to try to shield a group from condemnation for wrongdoing. Some Republicans are trying to disassociate themselves and the party from the evils of the Bush Administration by denying that these are Republicans. No true Republican would commit the acts that Bush committed; therefore, the Republican Party is not responsible for the decisions and policies of this Administration.. A Christian is, quite simply, anybody who believes that Jesus had divine powers and that his words and deeds had divine significance. Different groups cherry pick different passages depending on their personal likes and dislikes, so the term Christians actually identifies a group of individuals with widely diverging views. It is quite difficult to say that all Christians believe X or all true ...
This book provides an overview of the current debates about the nature and extent of our moral obligations to animals. Which, if any, uses of animals are morally wrong, which are morally permissible (i.e., not wrong) and why? What, if any, moral obligations do we, individually and as a society (and a global community), have towards animals and why? How should animals be treated? Why? We will explore the most influential and most developed answers to these questions - given by philosophers,... ...
Some may be convinced in conscience that on ethical grounds they should not take the vaccine. That conviction would normally be justified with regard to those vaccines which are taken primarily to protect ones own health from seriously disabling or life-threatening infections. However, COVID-19 (like other infectious diseases) is not only a threat to ones own health and life, but to that of others - as well as indirectly causing havoc to the psychological, social, cultural, and economic well-being of society and its future.. So what if any disease is a threat to others? What morality demands is that human beings be held responsible for their own free actions. A microbe is not controllable except with the most extreme of measures (i.e. in a bio lab or possibly hospital) which cant ethically be compelled for people living a normal life. That said, anyone who conscientiously refuses vaccination on either ethical or professional grounds has an even more serious obligation strictly to observe ...
Notsoblackandwhite Insulting people who are anti-vaxers adds nothing to the debate. I agree many anti-vaxers are scientifically ignorant, but probably no more so than your average Joe off the street.. The difference is that the average Joe off the street doesnt advocate for the elimination of a public health measure based on their ignorance. The insults are generally unproductive, but theres only so much most people can take when one side of a debate consistently fails to follow the rules required to arrive at a consensus - acknolwedge evidence, concede your own errors and admit when your opponent has a point. They are concerned with the best interest and health of their children, which Im sorry, but that moral obligation takes precedence over their moral obligation towards the good of society as a whole and the health and best interest of total strangers.. On the basis of science, they are not. Vaccine recommendations use research to determine the relative risks of the vaccines versus ...
Caltech Engineering and Applied Science faculty work at the edges of fundamental science to invent the technologies of the future.
Caltech Engineering and Applied Science faculty work at the edges of fundamental science to invent the technologies of the future.
Rowe was admitted to the hospital suffering from a critical illness. He was given emergency treatment and later underwent surgery. In at least four occasions, Rowes two sons discussed with the hospital the payment for served to be rendered by the hospital. The first of these four conversations took place the day after Rowe was admitted. The sons informed the treating physician that their father had no financial means but that they themselves would pay for such services. During the other conversations, the sons authorized whatever treatment their father needed, assuring the hospital that they would pay for the services. After Rowes discharge, Dr. Peterson brought this action against the sons to recover the unpaid bill for the services rendered to their father. Decision ...
Ready or not, 2017 could prove to be the year of unanticipated subsidiarity-the idea that social needs should be addressed at the lowest level of
In response to Lindsay Noisom s letter in which she criticizes Mercy Regional Medical Center s policy of influenza vaccination for its employees...
Vol. 12 No. 1 DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol12No01EthCol01. Keywords: ethics, infectious, infectious diseases. Rear Admiral Couig (2006), in the Overview and Summary for the Issue in OJIN titled Infectious Diseases: Challenges and Solutions, highlights the ethical obligation nurses have to keep current about infections and their prevention and treatment. She suggests that reading the latest issue of OJIN is one way to help meet our ethical obligations to stay informed. In continuing that theme of ethical obligations, we ask you to consider further the ways in everyday practice where ethical thought and action are required in relation to infectious diseases. Not every break in infection control leads to a major outbreak of disease, a loss of life or limb, an illness for a nurse, or an increased hospital stay, but enough do to cause actual or potential harm to patients, ourselves, the places we work and society. Thus, in this column we will examine the relationship between the trust given to nurses by the ...
Page 219 - He that would pass the latter part of life with honour and decency, must, when he is young, consider that he shall one day be old; and remember, when he is old, that he has once been young. In youth, he must lay up knowledge for his support, when his powers of acting shall forsake him; and in age forbear to animadvert with rigour on faults which experience only can correct. ...
As the coronavirus pandemic continues to rage across the United States and around the globe, there has been significant pushback against restrictions. Protesters questioning the ongoing need for strict measures are marching in various capitals to make their concerns known. Some of these protests have used intimidating shows of strength, with arms and other military paraphernalia. In response to the brewing frustration over restrictions, four ethicists-Dominic Sisti, Moti Gorin, Emily Largent, and Arthur Caplan-published an opinion piece in PennLive in which they assert, Individuals who get Covid-19 while protesting the very public health measures necessary to stop its spread should not get a ventilator before those who have been playing by the rules . . . . Protesters who violate basic safety measures should, at a minimum, sign a pledge expressing their willingness to forgo scarce care in the name of their political ideals. Had this piece been written in a satirical tone, it would have ...
This September there is a once in a generation opportunity to change the trajectory of the world’s deadliest infectious disease, Nick Herbert and Virendra Sharma write
The Boards agreed that the existence of a present obligation distinguishes a liability from a general risk. A present economic obligation conceptually exists when an entity is committed to a particular action(s) that is capable of resulting in cash flows and there is a mechanism to enforce that economic obligation against the entity. The Board also agreed that laws and regulations are examples of mechanisms and are not, by themselves, present obligations.. The Boards will further develop and refine the working definition of a liability after considering the implications of comment letters and redeliberations in their joint project on Financial Instruments with Characteristics of Equity.. Stand Ready Obligations. The Boards agreed that it is helpful to analyze contracts and other binding agreements to identity whether they contain unconditional and conditional obligations. An unconditional obligation requires performance to occur now or over a period of time, whereas a conditional obligation ...
Currently, Americans are engaged in heated debates about access to health care. These debates are unlikely to end soon because they raise some of the most fundamental questions about what it means to live in a just society. Do all humans have a right to health care? What about education, safe neighborhoods, meaningful work, deep personal relationships, which many have argued are equally, if not more, important to determining lifelong human health? Do we have any obligation to protect the health of our fellow citizens? What about the health of humans beings who live far away in distant lands, or of human beings who will live in the distant future? Does justice require us to eliminate health disparities associated with class, race, and gender? In this course, we will investigate the multiplicity of factors that determine human health, and attempt to determine the extent of our moral obligations to protect and promote it. We will also investigate another class of fundamental questions raised by the ...
HIV Infection: Solitary Work, Silent Suffering Beliefs about Responsibility for Health and the Ability to Impact Disease Progression Cynthia Frank, PhD University of Connecticut 2014 In contemporary Western society, health has become a personal and moral responsibility. People are blamed for their unhealthy or risky behavior and for acquiring certain diseases according to socially and culturally constructed norms. HIV is an infectious disease that is imbued with moral overtones and stigma, often multidimensional, creating an illness in which responsibility (for acquisition, transmission, and viral suppression) is an overarching theme. Thus, it represents a unique vehicle for exploring belief systems related to responsibility for health. For those with access to medical care and treatment, opportunities exist to slow its progression and improve prognosis. This requires strict adherence to medication regimens, avoiding risky behavior that could lead to reinfection, and engaging in health-enhancing
Video created by The University of Edinburgh for the course Chicken Behaviour and Welfare. During this week, we will consider what we mean by animal welfare, and how a set of criteria known as the Five Freedoms can help you assess it. Dr ...
Stephen O. Sodeke, PhD, MA. Thursday, June 22, 2017. Why should you be interested in attending this webinar?. Together, rigor and reproducibility become ethical issues when the unreliable results produced or reported cause harm, are a waste of limited research resources, and cannot be used with confidence by the research community. Recent publications have drawn attention to the prevalence in the number of experiments that cannot be reproduced. NIH is now requiring researchers submitting new applications to specifically address how they will ensure rigor and reproducibility.. What will be covered during the webinar?. Under the assumption that most people would demonstrate right actions if they only knew what to do and how to do them, Dr. Sodeke will explore with the audience the critical factors and how they should be considered to ensure rigor and reproducibility in scientific research.. Who should attend? Why?. Research touches EVERYONE! Scientific progress relies on well-designed experiments ...
What does it say about those who ingest and celebrate the work of degenerates who use their music to glorify drug abuse, and racism (brown sugar, for example). Decent people are revolted by such filth. No amount of musicality can overcome their revulsion. However, for others, musicality is more important than morality. It is therefore no surprise that the world is in the state its in. Consumers should not support the celebration and exploitation of the suffering of any group of people. For people of African ancestry the effects of racism are still very real. No amount of musicality should surpass our moral obligations. Your choices generate the political, economic, and moral conditions that your children inherit. Act responsibly! ...
Jeff, thousands of wingnut bloggers were probably desperately trolling the moonbatosphere or however they refer to left-blogistan for such examples today, and rest assured, if any existed, you would have heard about them by now. Nobody is defending this doctor nor his practices.. jim, my point is that the word person does not apply to someone devoid of the capacity for rational action. No moral or legal philosopher, regardless of how liberal or conservative, would dispute that. You dont get to be a person by virtue of the fact that youre a member of the species homo sapiens. Its a harder club to get into than that. Any organism that lacks the capacity for appreciating value--in the loosest sense of the term--is not an organism to which we owe any moral obligations. Children are to a certain extent autonomous and will develop the capacity for engaging with value, through the lens of language. Fetuses are not autonomous and will only reach that stage if the person whose uterus they are ...
A CONSPICUOUS feature in any such review is bound to be the realisation of the accelerated pace at which development proceeds once the science has advanced well beyond its nursing stage. The pace of these developments is disturbing only because man is ethically unprepared for the bounty which engineering science has brought him. The world has been made practically instant in its interchange of thought, and international co-operation and brotherhood has become much more than a dream, were man fit for the tremendous moral responsibility which the new gifts and potentialities of life entail. Due to the slow evolution of morals, he has, however, not yet learnt to command himself, to relinquish old habits of thought, sovereignty, independence, which are inconsistent with the command of Nature now put into his hands. If the future is uncertain, at least those whose labours have brought such riches to man may be concerned but not despondent. They cannot but believe with Sir Alfred Ewing that the creative
All Things Considered aired a two-part series this week on the opioid prescribing guidelines being developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), many expected an in-depth and balanced report on Americas love-hate relationship with opioids - how a medicine that gives pain relief to millions is also responsible for the deaths of thousands who abuse it.. Host Robert Siegel said the nation was at a turning point in its complicated relationship with opioids. The broadcast interviewed pain specialists, a family physician, and various experts who said the CDC guidelines either go too far or are long overdue.. We have a moral responsibility to address pain and suffering. And we do have a responsibility not to do harm, but you can do harm in either direction, said Richard Payne, MD, of Duke University. Completely missing from the report was the voice of pain patients. Many noticed the omission and left comments on NPRs website. Please consider interviewing real chronic pain ...
Now for a little bit about me. I am currently a senior in college and I will be finishing undergrad with a biomedical science major, a chemistry and a psychology minor. Sadly, this does not leave me with a whole lot of free time to train and to study about being a Ranger but I do plan on logging on to this site a few times a week. I have had an interest in the military for quite a few years now but it wasnt until 2016 that I determined that this is the route that I want to follow. I feel that being a Ranger fits the moral responsibilities that I believe in and aligns with my outlook on life. I have a desire to constantly improve and love to learn. I believe that being in the military, specifically SOF (if I make it through the training), will put me in a community of like minded individuals who want to make a difference and are willing to work for it. I realize that all aspects of the military are important but I see Rangers as the group where I can be taught by the best and do the most ...
The Rossiters are charged with manslaughter. Their religious belief could be cited in their defense. Their request to keep that out as evidence is possibly a wrong-headed effort to protect their belief or their congregation from disrepute and derision. Without their belief as mitigation either in the verdict or the sentencing, they are cutting off their legs unless the particular charge specifically includes their beliefs as prime motivation.. They are confused, a natural state when true believers are faced with reality. It goes without saying that they should face up to their moral responsibility and cop to the charges. Religion is no excuse for allowing a child (or anyone) to die from lack of available medical care.. ...
We believe in renewing the conversation surrounding the effects of hazing at LSU. The purpose of this message is to educate every stakeholder of our community of the challenges of hazing throughout our campus. By doing so, we plan to: instill campus-wide social and moral responsibility foster a campus culture of trust create mutually beneficial relationships amongst all members and mentors of campus teams, clubs, and organizations. As the flagship university of the state that supports and believes in these shared values, we commit to implementing proactive initiatives and critical conversations required to achieve our end goal of eliminating hazing at LSU.
This narratival account of evil and the greater-good theodicy that accompanies it has much to commend itself. It is biblically faithful and philosophically cogent. It deals honestly with the layers of reality as set forth in Scripture. It takes the question of Gods power and goodness and human freedom and accountability seriously, offering a nuanced perspective on causality and moral responsibility. And it offers us hope and stability in the midst of suffering and chaos, freeing us to rest in the goodness and wisdom of the divine author. However, theres one more piece to the puzzle, the place where God takes the analogy, shatters it, and puts it back together in a way that bends our very brains.. Begin with Gods revelation of himself to Moses in Exodus 3. God reveals himself in two ways: as I Am Who I Am and as Yahweh, the name by which he is to be remembered throughout all generations.. I Am Who I Am emphasizes that God is the Independent, Self-Existent One. He is not ultimately ...
Patients who travel to foreign countries for organ transplants may return with more problems than they left with -- and physicians here have a moral responsibility to treat them, researchers asserted in a transplant journal.
Patients who travel to foreign countries for organ transplants may return with more problems than they left with -- and physicians here have a moral responsibility to treat them, researchers asserted in a transplant journal.
If humans are purely physical, and if it is the brain that does the work formerly assigned to the mind or soul, then how can it fail to be the case that all of our thoughts and actions are determined by the laws of neurobiology? If this is the case, then free will, moral responsibility, and, indeed, reason itself would appear to be in jeopardy. Nancey Murphy and Warren S.
Jed Rakoff 64, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York, spoke on Constitution Day 2011 about how neuroscience is challenging the laws view of criminal and moral responsibility.
I do not understand why everybody is so much up in arms. We all get upset because we treat MANA and their CPMs and homebirthing attendants as professionals. Which they are not. Once we all realize this, then it becomes more clear whats going on.. MANA and their so called CPMs hide behind I am not responsible, Its the woman who makes the decision and nature decides. They dont want rules, they dont want to be told they must transfer a patient in trouble they dont take responsibilities. They blame the mother (she wanted it). By any definition, they are not professionals as defined by any way form or shape. A professional is a member of a profession. The term also describes the standards of education and training that prepare members of the profession with the particular knowledge and skills necessary to perform the role of that profession. In addition, most professionals are subject to strict codes of conduct enshrining rigorous ethical and moral obligations.. The etymology and ...
The Irish Times - Tuesday, September 14, 2010 IRRESPECTIVE OF how awful the budgetary situation facing the Exchequer, the Government must find the words and the money to compensate the victims of religious/State care at the Protestant-run Bethany Home in Dublin. Likewise, the Church of Ireland has a moral obligation to respond to this matter by acting in a generous fashion.. An unwillingness to vindicate the rights of children and vulnerable adults in religious-run institutions during the early years of this State amounted to a gross failure of responsibility by political, administrative and religious leaders. Eleven years ago, in a gesture of atonement, a formal apology was issued on behalf of the State. A system of compensation was subsequently introduced, mainly for Catholic-run religious institutions. Now, as new horror comes to light in connection with Bethany Home, the Government has retreated to a defensive, legalistic position. It is not good enough.. The Ryan report confirmed that ...
They may delegate to others such as to Committees and the Corporate Management Team, but they still retain the ultimate responsibility for all actions taken in Poplar HARCAs name.. They also decide the overall aims and objectives of Poplar HARCA and ensure that the organisation is meeting these and keeping within its legal, financial and moral obligations.. Board & Committee documentsJoin the Board or a Committee ...
An extremely good idea: While youre out shopping, buy one or more cheap electric fans. If you only have one and you have a suite to cool, put it in a doorway facing outward.. Also nice:. A few packages of folding paper fans (sold by novelty companies, usually in packets of twelve) can do a lot to civilize things. A convention party that isnt too loud and too hot isnt half trying.. Less hyperthermia and less dehydration means more good conversations.. 2. ROOM PREP. Get in as early as possible. Turn the thermostats to Lunar nightside and the AC to Siberian blizzard. Youre going to have a lot of radiant bodies in the room. Start laying down a basal layer of cold now.. Give yourself prep time: order dinner from room service. You have a moral obligation to feed your party prep minions, if you have them.. If youre in a very nice suite, remove any fragile ornaments to the top shelf of a closet. Remove all the phones (except for one, if youre sure youll need it) to a dresser drawer or closet ...
Doug is compelled by moral obligation to rescue and defend these victims who are afraid for their lives and the lives of their families. Doug supports investment in medical and economic support to help victims recover and rejoin society at a pace that works for them. Our laws should recognize that human trafficking is a serious crime and its victims are never to blame.. ...
Lawrence explains why it is a moral responsibility for all presidential candidates to release their current tax returns by April 15th.
Moral obligation. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.. Few would disagree that more adherence to this basic guide for human interaction would minimize problems that have to do with skin color, class (socioeconomic level) and crime.. Skin color is a more accurate concept for discussing what is often referred to as race.. Beyond clothing, a major item that our vision allows us to recognize about another human being is skin color.. Just as we can be taught to react positively or negatively toward types of clothing, we can be conditioned about skin color.. But what if an individuals experiences include that a disproportionately large number of persons within a certain range of skin colors or socio-economic levels (or even types of clothing worn) engage in criminal behavior? Would this at the least justify mental alertness?. Mental alertness is a natural aspect of perception.. But it should be tempered with the knowledge that the majority of all-inclusive generalizations are false. ...
Ctj.sagepub.com: 7/9/12.. Clinical equipoise is widely regarded as an ethical requirement for the design and conduct of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Underlying clinical equipoise is the norm that no patient should be randomized to treatment known (or believed by the expert clinical community) to be inferior to the established standard of care. This implies that patient-subjects should not be exposed to net risks in control groups of randomized trials - risks that are not compensated by the prospect of direct medical benefits from the control intervention. However, proponents of clinical equipoise have no moral objections to permitting net risks for nontherapeutic research procedures employed in clinical trials. This differential assessment makes risk-benefit assessment of randomized trials incoherent. In this article, I examine critically four arguments in defense of clinical equipoise as a requirement for risk-benefit assessment. Read more. ...
If God has no moral duties and no moral obligations or prohibitions, it really makes no sense to call God moral in the first place. What William Lane Craig is describing here is a completely amoral being -- a being that cannot even conceive of morality, much less act morally and exist in any sort of moral relationship. Its little wonder, then, that it would be described as massacring large numbers of people without second thought or a tiny twinge of the conscience. It has no conscience. No empathy. No moral sense whatsoever. That would all be bad enough, if such a being existed, but William Lane Craig goes farther by insisting that we all somehow have a moral obligation to do whatever this amoral being commands. Why? Simply because it commands it -- not because its a moral act but simply because this being is too powerful to oppose. Thats the length and breadth of William Lane Craigs conception of morality: blind obedience to whomever or whatever is most powerful and in control. Of ...
The contractual University teaching obligations of Faculty post holders are counted in stint units, as follows:. 1. Associate Professor (Tutorial Fellow - College) (formerly CUF). University obligation: 48 units per year (= 16 lectures). 2. Associate Professor (Tutorial Fellow - University) (formerly UL). University obligation: 108 units per year (= 36 lectures or classes). 3. Associate Professor (Non-Tutorial Fellow) (formerly ULNTF, admitted) University obligation: 204 units per year (= 36 lectures or classes plus 4 hours a week of tutorial teaching or equivalent faculty duties). 4. Career Development Fellow. University obligation: 144 units per year (= 6 hours of tutorials per week or up to 48 lectures or classes, or a combination of both, for either the Faculty or a college). 5. Departmental Lecturer. University obligation: normally 144 units per year (= 48 lectures or classes for the Faculty). 6. Statutory Professors. The teaching obligation of Statutory Professors is not measured in units; ...
The aims of this thesis were to explore nurses experiences of stress in the ICU (I), to analyze experiences of moral concerns in intensive care nursing from the perspective of relational ethics (II), to describe the synthesis of the concept of moral stress and to identify preconditions for moral stress (III) and to analyse and describe lived experiences of support in situations characterized by critical care situations and moral stress in intensive care (IV).The design was exploratory and descriptive. Material in studies I, II and IV consisted of interviews with intensive care nurses (10 head nurses and 26 staff nurses) employed in general, thoracic and neonatal intensive care units in five hospitals located in different parts of Sweden. The material in study III data from two studies of professional issues in nursing were used for the analysis: one concerned psychiatric nursing and the other was the previously referred study I.In study I qualitative content analysis and descriptive ...
Refugees have been with us for millennia, but the modern refugee exists under a distinctively modern set of circumstances. Moral philosophers addressing the refugee issue often fail to take these circumstances into account, and to acknowledge the ways in which the West can be responsible for refugee crises.
I am currently working on a study of collective responsibility. Recently, important philosophical work has been conducted on both individual moral responsibility and the logic and metaphysics of plurals. My research attempts to bring this work together to provide a novel account of collective responsibility: moral responsibility for an action/outcome which is ascribed to a plurality of agents, rather than a single agent. I believe that this account can help resolve problem cases in which something morally wrong appears to have been done, but where it seems inappropriate to criticise individuals for their actions. Such cases seem prevalent in the modern world e.g. climate change, consumer patterns which perpetuate unacceptable working conditions etc ...
As noted in ZENITs review of Cardinal Turksons book, the Pope views corruption as the worst social wound, form of blasphemy, and cancer. The Holy Father goes on to say, At the same time, always as consequence of the fall, corruption reveals an anti-social behavior to the point of dissolving the validity of relationships and, therefore, the pillars on which a society is founded: the coexistence of persons and the vocation to develop them. Corruption breaks all that and replaces the common good by a particular interest that contaminates any general perspective. It is born of a corrupt heart and is the worst social wound, because it generates very grave problems and crimes that involve everyone ...
It seems that there are three costs here: 1. The free market value of low-skill labor - what a persons individual labor is worth given the current market forces. 2. The minimum wage - the lowest amount that an employer is allowed to pay 3. The living wage - what one needs to earn per hour in order to safely afford the basics of survival (food, shelter, health care). And it seems that each is higher than the next 1|2|3. Ideally 1 and 3 would be roughly the same but thats clearly not
The office of Australias Minister for Communications and Information Technology, Daryl Williams, has described the recent World Trade Organisation (WTO) ruling that US online gambling restrictions are in violation of international trade agreements as not considering the capacity of governments to regulate on moral grounds.
Weve changed Podomatic Friends to simply become followers of podcasts. You are now following your former Podomatic friends who have podcasts ...
The importance of unbiased comparative research trials to answer clinical questions that guide best treatment practices is unquestionable. Large multicenter clinical trials are critical for answering important clinical questions that cannot be answered by observational data. These studies depend on adequate recruitment from unbiased samples of patients from the population of interest. Investigators participating in such trials must also have clinical equipoise that the treatment under study may or may not be better than the standard treatments available. If such clinical equipoise does not exist, then recruitment will be biased and potentially delayed. In recent years, stroke clinical trials have struggled to enroll patients to acute trials for a variety of reasons, including narrow eligibility time windows and, most recently, to the growing list of available, although not necessarily safe or efficacious, therapies.. In January 2008, the US Food and Drug Administration cleared the second device ...
Mary Anne Warren explores a theoretical question which lies at the heart of practical ethics: what are the criteria for having moral status? In other words, what are the criteria for being an entity towards which people have moral obligations? Some philosophers maintain that there is one intrinsic property-for instance, life, sentience, humanity, or moral agency. Others believe that relational properties, such as belonging to a human community, are more important.
Most of these post-1994 transactions have been structured as general obligation bonds of the state, city or county. In California, city and county pension obligation bonds are issued under the local agency refunding law (drafted in pertinent part by Orrick) and considered valid without a vote under a judicially created exception to the State Constitution Article XVI, Section 18 debt limitation referred to as obligations imposed by law. Because this exception to the constitutional debt limit was and is much less developed in the case law than the other two judicially created exceptions (for lease financing and revenue bonds) each POB issue in California has been validated pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure § 860 et seq. Subsequent POBs are usually covered by the original validation action without the need of any new judicial proceeding, but this must be reviewed in each case.. Orrick has handled more than 100 validation actions, including a number based on the same obligations imposed by ...
How is Obligation Authority/Fund Certification Authorization abbreviated? OA/FCA stands for Obligation Authority/Fund Certification Authorization. OA/FCA is defined as Obligation Authority/Fund Certification Authorization very rarely.
This paper aims to make a contribution to the debate concerning the moral obligations which follow from the facts of the pervasiveness of acute poverty and the extent of global wealth and income inequality. I suggest that in order to make progress in this debate we need to move beyond two dominant ways of thinking about when the demands of distributive justice apply. The first approach focuses solely on the global distribution of resources, regardless of background social relations and institutions. This approach, exemplified by Simon Caney, identifies positive humanity based obligations to promote or support institutions that fulfil the socio-economic rights of other humans. The second approach concentrates on the justice of the coercively enforced institutional arrangements governing access to resources. This approach, shared by theorists like Thomas Pogge, focuses on negative obligations not to harm other humans by imposing upon them resource regimes which avoidably fail to secure ...
A lot of that campaign against morality was an indiscriminate effort to get rid of the vestiges of 19th century prudishness, often by authors who wanted to cash in on sex and sensation, which, frankly, didnt take much in the way of intelligence or talent. The list of works championed by that effort are the most mixed of mixed baskets, most of which are garbage. But a lot of it was part of what has been identified as the centuries old effort to free fortunate individuals and families from the network of moral obligations to others, an abandonment of the perennial list of those in need of justice, the poor, the destitute, the sick, the prisoner, women and minority groups deprived of their needs and what is legitimately their right. While the habit of talking about that obligation is a tattered remnant among what gets called liberalism, it is not seen as being the entire reason for liberalism to exist, the absolute essential requirements of democracy and a decent life. They have ceased to be a ...
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By the Editors of Rethinking Schools. By now, most of us have read of Trumps vile and racist comments of last Thursday.. We all have a moral obligation to speak out against the sentiments uttered by the president, to reject the cruel policies he champions through such sentiments, and demand forthright opposition to his words and deeds by our elected representatives.. And in this struggle, teachers have a special obligation and opportunity to take sustained actions that inoculate young people against Trumps racist poison and defend immigrant and refugee students who are vulnerable to his cruel words and policies.. In all of our classes, and especially in courses that engage issues of history, citizenship, current events, and cultural identity, we can forge a curriculum of empathy and intellectual engagement that pierces the politics of cruelty with inquiry into the realities of immigration and the social/political context within which it unfolds.. Such a curriculum might explore how the United ...
Acknowledgments. 1. Introducing the Field of Conservation Psychology.. Conservation.. Psychology.. Human care for nature.. The roots of conservation psychology.. The potential of conservation psychology.. The organization of the book.. Conclusion.. Part I: Thinking about Nature.. 2. Attitudes, Values, and Perceptions.. Core Understandings of Nature.. Risk Perception.. Biases in Information Processing.. Language and Discourse.. Attributions of Responsibility.. Linking Perceptions to Behavior.. Conclusion.. 3. Moral Psychology and the Environment.. Background in Ethical Concepts.. A Virtue Ethics of the Environment.. The Deontic Tradition and Psychological Research.. Contextual Differences in Moral Duties.. Consequentialism, Emotion, and Socialization.. Psychological Dynamics of Moral Functioning.. Pragmatic Ethics.. Conclusion.. 4. Environment and Identity.. The Concept of Identity.. Identity Development.. Developing an Affiliation with Nature.. Environmental Identity.. Measuring Environmental ...
Another frequently-raised objection to the prospect of necessary perfect goodness concerns the relationship between freedom and moral goodness (see, for example, Pike 1969, p. 215; Reichenbach 1982, pp. 133-134). Not all beings are subject to moral assessment; we do not judge rocks to be dutiful because they never violate a moral duty. It is plausibly thought that one of the features that a being must exhibit in order to be subject to moral assessment is freedom. We frequently take as an excuse for morally bad behavior that the agent was not really free not to act badly; such excuses function by claiming that the conditions under which the agent acted preclude the agents behavior from being used as a basis for morally assessing the agent. Generalizing from thoughts such as these, it is plausible to hold that God is subject to moral assessment - including the assessment perfectly good - only if God acts freely. And even apart from the connection between being free and being subject to moral ...
Justified by the exceptional character of those documents. Their appropriate Pageobjective is definitely the regulation of moral duties of representatives of a given profession. It seems that they are in the middle between the law along with the conscience and thus theyve particular functions of both law and morality. Codes constitute an expression of neighborhood of values of a offered occupational group and are an effect in the approach of self-regulation. With regard to the law they have subjective character and with regard to conscience (of individual representative of a provided profession) an objective 1. It can be also possible to say they have a double nature. On one particular side, documents of this kind soften legal norms, around the other, harden standards of proceedings rooted in individuals sense of morality. Skuczyski postulates we need to rank codes of ethics to soft law understood PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21346730 as a specific kind of the social ...
PROFESSIONAL OBLIGATIONS. The office of a judge, inasmuch as he is appointed by public authority to administer justice according to the laws, demands in the first place competent knowledge of the laws which are to be administered. Not less important in a judge is a lofty sense of justice and an upright character which cannot be deflected from the path of duty by either fear or favour. The judge, too, must employ at least ordinary diligence in the conduct of the cases that come before him, so that as far as possible a just sentence may be arrived at. He must not transgress the limits of his authority, and he must observe the rules of procedure laid down for his guidance. These obligations of a judge follow from the nature of his office, and he binds himself implicitly to fulfil them when he accepts that office. Judges also usually take an oath by which they expressly bind themselves to administer justice uprightly, without fear or favour. Selling justice for bribes is rightly regarded as a ...
The emphasis on family planning as an environmental fix sidetracks us from making investments into infrastructure and health systems, like clean energy, food security, or mass transit to support healthy communities and advance social justice. In consistently ignoring the biggest polluters, it keeps us from holding the worst of them accountable. Instead, family planning is promoted as a technical fix for much more complex problems that require structural change. Its thought to promote smaller family size, and many environmentalists like Uncrowded push for small families. On their website, you can sign on to their pledge to have one, or at most two, children, or to adopt instead.. The organization believes that we all have a moral obligation to protect the environment, and that we should consider the environment when choosing how many children to have. They advocate incentive programs and laws that limit family sizes and regulate reproductive decisions for those whose moral compass might lead ...
I do not believe that a nation as rich as ours (albeit with most wealth concentrated among the upper income levels) can shirk its moral responsibilities in the matter of providing basic health care for all its citizens.
punish evildoers. These commenters are wrong. You want the most successful prisons, in terms of low recidivism rates, low operating cost, and successful integration of inmates into society when their sentences are up? Lets compare the US and Norway. But of course, those are horrible measures of prisoner effectiveness if the real goal of a prison is to assign moral responsibility and punish wicked people. (Or to make money.) I have asked audiences which hypothetical they would choose, a simple procedure that would make certain a criminal would never commit a crime again, and would instead be a productive member of society, or a procedure that would punish that criminal harshly, with no effect on future behavior. A strong majority go for the punishment. (BTW, a strong case can be made that this is a holdover from religious thinking during the Reformation-the blossoming of the prescientific notion of freely chosen, morally culpable behavior. We cant prevent it, cos its freely chosen, but we can ...
Altruism (also called the ethic of altruism, moralistic altruism, and ethical altruism) is an ethical doctrine that holds that individuals have a moral obligation to help, serve, or benefit others, if necessary, at the sacrifice of self interest. An action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone except the ...
The following is excerted from an August 17, 2002 article by Joe Woodard entitled:. Myth #1: Our therapeutic culture. (In defence of his profession, University of Calgary psychology professor Tim Rogers (not related to Carl Rogers) argues the discipline cant be held to the same standard of objectivity as the physical sciences...he admitted the popularization of psychology may have loosened peoples sense of moral responsibility by shifting focus to social power relationships. But psychology cant be held responsible for the results of its popularization ...
Nonabandonment: and old obligation revisited. The patient-physician covenant: an affirmation of Asklepios. Nonabandonment: a central obligation for physicians
Global Terrorism and Collective Moral Responsibility, Politics of the Middle East and North Africa, Border security and border barriers, Territorial, ethnic and other conflicts, The conflict in Syria, The Palestinian-Israeli ...
The Independent and Public Spirited Media Foundation has provided financial support to the Foundation for Independent Journalism (FIJ) for the purpose of reporting and publishing stories of public interest. IPSMF does not take any legal or moral responsibility whatsoever for the content published by FIJ on their website thewire.in or on any of its other platforms ...
The Independent and Public Spirited Media Foundation has provided financial support to the Foundation for Independent Journalism (FIJ) for the purpose of reporting and publishing stories of public interest. IPSMF does not take any legal or moral responsibility whatsoever for the content published by FIJ on their website thewire.in or on any of its other platforms ...
Its Absolutely everyones legal and moral responsibility to reduce the amount of squander manufactured and also to dispose squander inside a manner that has the minimum effect on the environment. The goal of the Squander Administration Hierarchy is to attenuate the amount of squander from moving into the landfill/dump web pages. A few top initiatives during the waste management hierarchy may be the 3Rs initiative, i.e. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. To cultivate a 3R culture in a Culture, it is important to train groups of individuals by generating an consciousness programme in direction of applying 3Rs initiative(Hashim,2011 ...
The Paris Accord honors our collective moral responsibility to leave future generations with a planet that is clean, healthy and sustainabl...
Animals also have extrinsic value, which is the value an animal has as a means to an end (e.g the charm of a wild animal, the production value of a cow, or the sentimental value of your familys cat). Extrinsic values can be subjective (e.g. I feel rabbits are adorable and you feel they are garden gnawing goblins) or objective (e.g. the price of a rabbit pelt). The problem with objectivity is that it is much easier to believe in an objective value when we have science-based evidence to support our claim. Proof of an objective intrinsic value is nearly impossible beyond the metaphysical realm. This is problematic because we must prove the value exists in order to reasonably claim we have a moral obligation towards saving an animal with little to no extrinsic value. In other words, to say veterinarians ought to save the aforementioned rabbit, one relies on the premise that an individual rabbit - with no means of paying for its healthcare or value to society - is worth being saved.. Most animal ...
We are aware of our moral obligation to positively influence the value of our products throughout the chain, from production to sales to customers, based on the principles of social responsibility. As a result, the company has implemented an ethical Code of Social Responsibility of Suppliers, within which we expect our partners and suppliers to:. ...
We provide comprehensive resources for professionals who work with children.. Trauma Informed Assessment Requests. Professionals may request a Trauma Informed Assessment for children who have suffered abuse and neglect. Learn more,, Mandatory Reporting Workshop. A workshop outlining the signs of abuse, the legal and moral obligations to report abuse, and what happens once a report is filed. Read more,,. Stewards of Children. Evidence-based training program teaches adults to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to child sexual abuse. Learn more,, ...
Im really not here to debate. I was offering advice. Find a company that hasnt had an issue where the law disagrees with the actions of a companys decision to terminate based on the moral obligations and integrity of the company-you wont find one. Even Mary Kay has had things of that nature happen but I highly doubt youd judge their face wash or hand cream because of it. You truly have no idea what youre talking about. You just wasted your time trying to google something bad about Advocare, for what reason? It proves nothing about Spark. My very first post was made WITHOUT promoting my own business just because I wanted to give an informative, helpful response to a persons question regarding a product I know a lot about. If we were just some MLM gig and didnt care about helping someone else, I certainly wouldnt have taken time out of my life to make this account, write a post with my own opinions. Instead, the reply (if there was one at all) wouldve looked more like something spammy ...
We have a responsibility to protect every student in America and ensure that they have the freedom to learn and thrive in a safe and trusted environment. This is not merely a federal mandate, but a moral obligation no individual, school, district or state can abdicate. At my direction, the Departments Office for Civil Rights remains committed to investigating all claims of discrimination, bullying and harassment against those who are most vulnerable in our schools.. ...
BRO. MAHAN: The following letter is from an esteemed brother, the object of which you will see at once. As many minds feel the same difficulties, I have thought it might be useful to reply in few words through the Evangelist. How long shall our brother neglect to examine our views so as to understand us? Will you give the following letter, interspersed with remarks of my own, a place in your paper?. Yours, C.G. FINNEY. DEAR BROTHER:. I have read with deep interest some of your many publications, and I am exceedingly gratified with your system of theology in the main. Your views of moral obligation, human ability &c., I have advocated for years. But then there are certain features of your system, which I either do not understand, or can not as yet approve. They seem newer then the New Theology which I advocate, and which I regard as both new and old, and immensely important. I can not preach the gospel without it, and although I have read the writings of my Oberlin brethren on this subject, with ...
Many people would regard this question as a no-brainer, since in our society there is already a broad acceptance of the use of animals in food production.. However, it is far from being that simple. Xenotransplantation is a new way of exploiting animals and must therefore be considered as a separate issue. Although humans as morally responsible agents may be ascribed a higher inherent value than animals, this does not mean that the needs of animals have no value. On the contrary, the special status of humans imparts significant moral obligations towards animals. Do we have the right to breed large populations of pigs destined to live their lives under the particular conditions that xenotransplantation demands?. The UK Farm Animal Welfare Council has drawn up five freedoms for farm animals, which can serve as a good basis for consideration. Freedom is required from: 1) hunger, thirst and malnutrition, 2) physical discomfort and an inappropriate environment, 3) pain, injury or disease, 4) fear ...
In addition to being a fundamental norm, empathy for men under command is a moral obligation as well. The Indian army has been rocked by a large number of cases of suicides, fratricide and collective indiscipline. Stress is a key factor that drives soldiers to take the extreme step. When stress surpasses ability to handle, it generates the fight-or-flight response in many soldiers and becomes a threat to both physical and emotional well-being. In most cases, officers lack of empathy for the troops results in their failure to note the warning signals and take timely alleviating steps with due compassion. ...
Discrimination in respect of disability, race, colour, age, marital status, gender, sexuality, religion, nationality, ethnic or national origins shall not be tolerated. All decisions on membership and provision of services will be made objectively, without unlawful discrimination and positive steps will be taken to ensure everyone is treated fairly, with dignity and respect. Membership is free for families and individuals affected by rare chromosome disorders. Unique receives no government funding and relies entirely on voluntary donations. In the event that it is not possible to provide access to all services to every member at all times, Unique will make every attempt to respond to the needs of individuals affected and ensure that appropriate help is sourced so that people in need of support are assisted where possible to gain access to our services.. All employees & volunteers have a legal and moral obligation not to discriminate and to report any incident of discrimination against any Unique ...
The first example is the ongoing debates on the safety of vaccines. Well, when I say ongoing debates, they are not quite debates amongst experts. The consensus among experts is that vaccines do not cause autism and that it is highly advisable - life-saving in many cases - to get flu shots prior to flu season. And yet, talking to acquaintances and friends about the subject, I quickly discovered that the consensus among experts counts for precious little. One friend told me that his aunt is a nurse and she told him not to get flu shots - one does wonder where she would have received her training. A colleague told me that she would never (rolling eyes, voice raised) get flu shots, because shes certain that they would be harming her body. When I wrote a piece suggesting that we have a moral obligation to our fellow citizens to get vaccinated because it would create herd immunity and so protect us individually as well as as a group, I quickly learned from comments under the article that the vast ...
Of course, such a war can only be waged on solidly anti-capitalist principles: the State is under an absolute moral obligation to ensure that there is no free market in drugs, any more than is, say, prostitution; the oft-cited figure of one man in 20 using a sexual service, or whatever we are supposed to call it, leaves 19 out of 20 who are not doing so. Based on the figure for drugs, the smaller number will fall, not rise, over the coming decade. Always reverse the statistic ...
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Moral Obligations 922. Right 923. Wrong 924. Dueness 925. Undueness 926. Duty 927. Dereliction Of Duty 927A. Exemption 2. Moral ... Atonement 4. Moral Practice 953. Temperance 954. Intemperance 954A. Sensualist 955. Asceticism 956. Fasting 957. Gluttony 958. ... Accusation 3. Moral Conditions 939. Probity 940. Improbity 941. Knave 942. Disinterestedness 943. Selfishness 944. Virtue 945. ... Libertine 5. Moral Institutions 963. Legality 964. Illegality 965. Jurisdiction 966. Tribunal 967. Judge 968. Lawyer 969. ...
Causality imposes moral obligations. Max Weber identifies two types of causation; adequate causation refers to a context in ... Causation relates to moral and legal rules. Human society exercises social control and keeping society functional by enforcing ... Shilling, Chris, and Mellor, Philip A.. Sociological Ambition : Elementary Forms of Social and Moral Life. London, GBR: SAGE ...
... jural rights and obligations; and moral and sentimental ties. Thus, one's experience of one's family shifts over time. From the ... In 2010, Ireland enacted the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010. There have also been ... for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others. Certain social scientists ... specifically parental rights and obligations. Mothers' rights movements focus on maternal health, workplace issues such as ...
Warren, M. A. "Do Potential People Have Moral Rights?" In R Sikora and B Barry, eds. Obligations to Future Generations. ... The Moral Question of Abortion. Chicago: Loyola University Press, ch 8. Steinbock, B. 1992. Life Before Birth: The Moral and ... In Warren's sense, "person" is a moral or evaluative term that tells us about a being's moral properties. Warren and others ... is used in a moral sense to mean a "person", a "full-fledged member of the moral community". In (2), "human being" means " ...
Fulfilling International and Moral Obligations." Archived 2012-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Posté, Leslie Irlyn, June 1958, ...
Moral Principles and Political Obligations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979. See the discussion of gratitude and ... Since the family is "the school of justice," if it is unjust the moral education of children is distorted, and the injustice ... Moreover, norms of gratitude do not speak very directly about what feelings and obligations are appropriate toward wrongdoers, ... It may also be that there is something to be gained, philosophically, from considering what obligations of generalized ...
The moral philosopher Mary Midgley notes in the London Review of Books that Regan builds on the work of Peter Singer, ... "The Case for Animal Rights", in Tom Regan and Peter Singer (eds.). Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Prentice Hall, 1976. ... If an individual possesses a moral right, that right may not be sacrificed even if the consequences of doing so are appealing. ... Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice. Palgrave MacMillan, 1998. Dresser, Rebecca. "Respecting and Protecting Nonhuman ...
Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Prentice Hall, 1989 (2nd edition), p. 40. Merriam, Garret. Virtue Ethics and the Moral ... "The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use in Research: A Philosophical Review", Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. Volume 1, ... Raymond G. Frey (/fraɪ/; 1941-2012) was a Professor of Philosophy at Bowling Green State University, specializing in moral, ... Cambridge University Press, 1994 with Christopher W. Morris (eds.). Liability and Responsibility: Essays in Law and Morals. ...
Fulfilling International and Moral Obligations.". ...
Fulfilling International and Moral Obligations," Proceedings. Washington Conference on Holocaust Era Assets. Nov. 30 - Dec. 3, ...
... and what moral obligations do we have? According to reviewer Peter Tramel, his effort culminates in arguments for universal ...
Traité des obligations: François-Xavier Martin, trans. A Treatise on Obligations, Considered in a Moral and Legal View. Newburn ... Traité des obligations (1761) Du Contrat de vente (1762) Du Contrat de bail (1764) Du Contrat de société (1765) Des Contrats de ... Pothier devised a law limiting recovery in the case of improper performance of a contractual obligation to those damages which ... A Treatise on the Law of Obligations, or Contract, 2nd American edn. Philadelphia: R. H. Small, 1839. Montmorency, James E. G ...
Moral philosopher Peter Singer, in 1973, responded to a question on whether humans have a moral obligation to prevent predation ... The double meaning of moral community: moral consideration and the moral agency of other animals]. Les ateliers de l'éthique / ... The idea that animal rights imply a moral obligation to intervene in nature has been used as a reductio ad absurdum against the ... Predation has been considered a moral problem by some philosophers, who argue that humans have an obligation to prevent it, ...
It's a Moral Obligation. Huffington Post, The Blog (January 4, 2013). Schlesinger, Leonard A., Charles F. Kiefer, and Paul B. ...
Edited Acts of the North Carolina Assembly from 1715 to 1803 (2nd ed., 1809). A Treatise on Obligations, Considered in a Moral ... and translated Pothier's Traité des obligations. François Martin was elected as a member of the lower house of the North ... Translation of Robert Joseph Pothier's Traité des obligations. A General Digest of the Acts of Legislatures of the Late ...
He writes that, while talk of our political and moral obligations to animals is today more prominent than ever, it remains on ... As his focus is on political theory, he is less concerned with questions about individual moral obligations than he is with ... doi:10.1007/s11158-007-9037-8. (2007b). Moral obligations to non-humans (Ph.D. thesis). (2009a). "Ownership and justice for ... was entitled Moral obligations to non-humans. He subsequently became a fellow and lecturer at the LSE. During this time, ...
Prickett, Sam (2019-05-14). "Woodfin Highlights "Moral Obligations" of Proposed 2020 Budget". BirminghamWatch. Retrieved 2020- ... which Woodfin's administration claimed fully met the city's obligation to the fund for the first time in more than a decade. ...
Scalvini, Marco (June 18, 2020). "13 Reasons Why : can a TV show about suicide be 'dangerous'? What are the moral obligations ... 6.5 billion of this is long-term debt, with the remainder in long-term obligations. The company is ranked 164th on the Fortune ... Scholars also accused those productions to minimize the risk of vulnerable viewers pointed out the company's lack of moral ... The Jordanian series Jinn was condemned by members of the country's government for contravening the country's moral standards, ...
2007b). Moral Obligations to Non-Humans (PDF) (PhD thesis). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 ... His thesis, supervised by Fabre with Paul Kelly acting as an advisor, was entitled Moral obligations to non-humans. In that ... of Moral obligations to non-humans, appeared in Res Publica, and was the winner of the journal's second annual postgraduate ... C3: Therefore, non-human animals do not have a moral right to freedom. Though Cochrane argues that nonhuman animals are not the ...
Kamikaze missions were carried out as a duty to a higher cause or moral obligation. Murder-suicide is an act of homicide ... Scalvini M (2020-06-18). "13 Reasons Why : can a TV show about suicide be 'dangerous'? What are the moral obligations of a ... and the moral permissibility of suicide. Arguments as to acceptability of suicide in moral or social terms range from the ... St John-Stevas N (2002). Life, Death and the Law: Law and Christian Morals in England and the United States. Beard Books. p. ...
... he accepts those moral and legal obligations cheerfully." (Russell Kirk, The Politics of Prudence) Socialism's fundamental ... since the controller of natural resources had no moral right to charge others for the use of that which he did not labor to ...
Scalvini, Marco (June 18, 2020). "13 Reasons Why : can a TV show about suicide be 'dangerous'? What are the moral obligations ... rather than the moral panic for suicide contagion. With the release of the first season of the series, Netflix also released 13 ...
They will claim that reducing suffering has priority over other moral goals in all cases. This moral imperative would prevail ... It is possible to respond to this asymmetry by accepting that we do have an obligation to create happy lives or by accepting ... According to this asymmetry, there is no obligation to bring into existence an individual who we can expect to have a good life ... Suffering-focused ethics are those positions in ethics that give moral priority to the reduction of suffering. This means that ...
Scalvini, Marco (2020-06-18). "13 Reasons Why : can a TV show about suicide be 'dangerous'? What are the moral obligations of a ...
"The Obligation to Resist Oppression". Journal of Social Philosophy. Cudd, Ann. "Strikes, Housework, and the Moral Obligation to ... Resistance to oppression has been linked to a moral obligation, an act deemed necessary for the preservation of self and ... Opotow, S. (1990). Moral exclusion and injustice: an introduction. Journal of Social Issues, 46(1), 1-20. doi:10.1111/j.1540- ... this difference in wage earnings is likely due to the supply and demand for women in the market because of family obligations. ...
His notion of moral obligation. Printed for R. Manby, over against the Old-Bailey, on Ludgate-Hill. Retrieved 26 March 2012. ...
His other writings are: An Essay on Moral Obligation: with a view towards settling the Controversy concerning Moral and ... Thomas Johnson (1731). An essay on moral obligation:: with a view towards settling the controversy, concerning moral and ... the other-Some reflections upon the comparative excellency and usefulness of moral and positive duties by Mr. Chubb. Printed by ...
It is our moral obligation. We brought about their births and their lives, and they cannot fend for themselves." Edelman serves ... As she expresses it, "If you don't like the way the world is, you have an obligation to change it. Just do it one step at a ...
Compensating is a moral obligation. But this doesn't invalidate Nozick's response to the individualist anarchist and it remains ... Instead, one should: [...] focus upon a nonstate situation in which people generally satisfy moral constraints and generally ... Higher moral goals are real enough, but they are parasitic (as described in The Examined Life, the chapter "Darkness and Light ... to explain both the political and the moral by reference to beneficial cooperative practices that can be traced back to our ...
The philosophy of obligation, revised edition, 1892. First published in 1869 as Moral philosophy; or, The science of obligation ... In 1847, he was transferred to the chair of mathematics, and in 1858 to that of theology and moral philosophy. A committed ... Oberlin: The colony and the College, 1833-1883, 1883 Moral science; or, ...
Internet gambling ruling fails to recognise "moral" obligations: Minister. The office of Australias Minister for ... "moral" grounds. A spokesperson for the Ministers office told ZDNet Australia that: "[the ruling] does not appear to take ... Australia does not have the same obligations to the WTOs General Agreement on Trade and Services (GATS) as does the US, ... account of the ability that is routinely preserved by governments in trade agreements to regulate on moral grounds." ...
Henderson and Karthik Ramanna argue that company managers have a moral obligation to preserve capitalism. ... Harvard Business Schools Rebecca M. Henderson and Karthik Ramanna argue that company managers have a moral obligation to ... a managers moral obligation is put aside his or her own self-interest in order to preserve the interests of the system as a ... Capitalisms moral logic was perhaps most famously articulated by free market champion Milton Friedman when he said that "the ...
The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent is an influential essay, part of the essay collection The Moral Obligation to Be ... Subsequently it was also included in the book of selected essays also titled The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent: Selected ... Erskine, John (1915). The Moral Obligation to be Intelligent: And Other Essays. Duffield. Graff 1989, p. 278. Rubin 1992, p. ... ISBN 978-0-674-05412-7. The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent and Other Essays (Online). BOBBS-MERRILL Company. 1921.. ...
Common-sense holds that morality requirespeople who know that they are infected with theHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to disclosethis fact to their sexual partners. But manygay men who are...
Share this Story: Our moral obligation to Central American migrants * Copy Link ... Share this Story: Our moral obligation to Central American migrants * Copy Link ... Share this Story: Our moral obligation to Central American migrants * Copy Link ...
Firey, Thomas, Fighting NOTA: The Greater Moral Obligation (April 10, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract= ...
Moral philosophers addressing the refugee issue often fail to take these circumstances into account, and to acknowledge the ... Moral philosophers addressing the refugee issue often fail to take these circumstances into account, and to acknowledge the ...
In addition to being a state requirement, it is also our moral and ethical responsibility as health-care workers to protect ...
Compassion on Both Sides Is a Moral Obligation The conflict has today reached a previously unimaginable level of gruesomeness ... but it is a moral obligation. Only through trying to understand the other sides plight can we take a step towards each other. ...
Moral obligation, KC streetcar plan, hookah bars "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Few would disagree that ... Moral obligation. "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." ... One also has a moral obligation to do unto others as you would have them do unto you. ...
... expounds on Hume ethical theory in relation to moral obligation is a theory of good and evil rather than one of duty and ... non-moral motive; third; those actions promoted by artificial moral motives. In consideration of his account of moral ... Wand(1979) expounds on Hume ethical theory in relation to moral obligation is a theory of good and evil rather than one of duty ... More about The Utalitarian Approach to Moral Obligation. *. Social Work Ethics. 3451 Words , 14 Pages ...
... moral obligations to protect them from a cross-border Turkish offensive, now in its fourth day. Our allies had guaranteed us ... "We call on our allies to fulfil their duties and assume their moral obligations," to protect us by "closing the air space to ... Syria Kurds Urge US to Assume Moral Obligations as Turkey Attacks By Agence France-Presse ... HASAKEH, SYRIA - The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces on Saturday urged its U.S. allies to assume their "moral obligations ...
We have a moral obligation, he said. There is no rationalization for it. We have to teach people to read, write and spell. ...
This is our primary motivation, which we perceive as a moral obligation. Laws are necessary but not sufficient. There will be ... The Vatican calls fight against corruption and the barriers it creates to peace and justice a "moral obligation", in a document ... Vatican calls fight against corruption a "moral obligation" New Document on Corruption ...
The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers by Henry S. Richardson at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping ... Ancillary-Care Obligations and the Distinctive Ancillary-Care Obligation Chapter 2: Special Ancillary-Care Obligations: The ... and to political and moral philosophers interested in the obligations of beneficence, one of the key issues in moral theory.. ... Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers. by Henry S. RichardsonHenry S. Richardson ...
And, indeed, it might even need to establish a futures market to fulfill its moral obligation of doing "everything in its power ... In fact, I think the monetary authority has a moral obligation to set reasonable (i.e. achievable) expectations and then do ... Although my consequentialist case is, of course, a moral argument in its own right, it isnt couched in terms of rights and ... Sound money advocates frequently invoke moral arguments.. Some refer to Deuteronomy 25:15-16, where Jews were instructed to ...
... senior Apple executives say they have both an opportunity and an obligation to do more in mHealth. ... The website finally received a response from FDA, which shows that Apple executives feel they have a moral obligation to do ... Passionate entrepreneurs often believe that they have a moral obligation to make the world a better place or at the very least ... In a meeting with FDA officials, senior Apple executives say they have both an opportunity and an obligation to do more in ...
Elizabeth Barrett Browning on Happiness as a Moral Obligation. "It is well to fly towards the light, even where there may be ... another genius of letters and pioneering poet of the era made a sublime case for happiness as a moral obligation - even, and ...
Rethinking our individual moral obligations as forming part of a collective pattern of action can lead to positive change. ... Rethinking our moral obligations. Here is a way in which we could rethink our moral obligations regarding problems of ... Moral obligations or responsibilities, on this view, have different sources. Sometimes, we have obligations to perform certain ... We need to rethink our moral obligations to create a better world ...
... moral obligation to help defray the cost of repatriating customers. ... The private equity owner of failed airline Monarch has agreed it has a "moral obligation" to help defray the cost of ... that any stakeholder who finds themselves in-pocket at the end of the administration process would be under a moral obligation ... might feel a moral obligation to contribute. ... Monarch creditor agrees moral obligation over passenger costs ...
All of us want to see a free and prosperous Iraq, but it is not a moral obligation on us. Just because we got rid of Saddam ... Daniel Pipes and moral obligation You should read this amazing collection of opinions from Daniel Pipes on the desirability of ... Who the hell is Daniel Pipes to talk about moral obligations? Given the fact that a sovereign country was attacked on the basis ... "The moral one is a good one, but its not a defining one. That is to say that we do want to help Iraqis. ...
I thought a moral obligation was that a father should repay his sons medical care if the son passes away. Is that what you ... I thought a moral obligation was that a father should repay his sons medical care if the son passes away. Is that what you ... I thought a moral obligation was that a father should repay his sons medical care if the son passes away. Is that what you ... Is emergency services considered moral obligation?. Sure. Unless in torts you caused the emergency, then you owe a duty of ...
Weve changed Podomatic Friends to simply become followers of podcasts. You are now following your former Podomatic friends who have podcasts ...
The flip side of subsidiarity suggests larger civic or governmental actors have a moral obligation to intercede when a social ... If Congress and the Trump administration dont acknowledge that moral claim, all the soaring rhetoric on subsidiarity will be ... but they will surely continue to make a moral argument for universal healthcare as a human right and will certainly butt heads ...
We Have A Moral Obligation. Posted on June 21, 2017 by steve blank ...
Do we have moral obligations-to pigs? Or bulls? Chickens? Or …. Share this article: ... Do we have moral obligations to other species? A new article reminds me that California passed by a landslide an historic bill ... How do you feel about it? Do animals have a moral status?. What do you think of Californias extension of legal protections to ...
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Tom Regan uses the "rights view" moral theory to overcome a situation where our moral obligations have to be overridden ... "what moral or ethical obligations do humans have in respect of other animals? How can these obligations be filled?" It should ... More about What Moral and Ethical Obligations do Humans Have to Animals. *. Circus Animals. 1900 Words , 8 Pages ... What Moral and Ethical Obligations do Humans Have to Animals. 1482 Words6 Pages ...
The unwritten contract: the moral and ethical obligations of doctors Louella Vaughan looks back at the Dr Hadiza Bawa-Garba ... www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/news-item/the-unwritten-contract-the-moral-and-ethical-obligations-of-doctors ... But if this case is allowed to lead to a weakening of that moral contract between the NHS and its staff, it will further erode ... Doctors believe themselves to have an ethical and moral duty to do their best for patients, regardless of the circumstances. A ...
Individualism, Community, and Moral Obligation in the Hebrew Bible. by Ilan Wurman within Book Reviews, Philosophy, Politics ... Eudaimonism and Moral Absolutes Robert T. Miller , January 26th, 2012 God and Moral Absolutes Matthew OBrien , December 13th, ... Eudaimonism and Moral Absolutes Robert T. Miller , January 26th, 2012 God and Moral Absolutes Matthew OBrien , December 13th, ... The moral responsibility toward others thus required of the Israelites was quite significant. It can be seen most emphatically ...
  • Richardson's analysis of those key questions and the development of his own position are at the heart of this book, which will appeal to bioethicists studying research ethics, to policy makers, and to political and moral philosophers interested in the obligations of beneficence, one of the key issues in moral theory. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • In this important book, Henry Richardson sculpts a new path for research ethics, one that focuses on ethical obligations of ancillary-care in clinical trials and medical research, particularly in developing countries, but with relevance throughout the world. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • It should be noted that a distinction is made between morals, which are personal standards of behaviour - and ethics - which are moral principles that govern societal behaviour. (123helpme.com)
  • This work, one of the most important texts in the history of ethics, presents Immanuel Kant's conception of moral self-government based on pure reason. (yalebooks.co.uk)
  • Nigel Biggar is Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology, and Director of the McDonald Centre for Theology, Ethics, and Public Life, at the University of Oxford, where he is also a Canon of Christ Church Cathedral. (oup.com)
  • Since, arguably, any reasonable moral theory has to take these aspects of possible states of affairs into account when determining the normative status of actions, the study of population ethics is of general import for moral theory. (stanford.edu)
  • Moral philosophers addressing the refugee issue often fail to take these circumstances into account, and to acknowledge the ways in which the West can be responsible for refugee crises. (abc.net.au)
  • This is the sixth article in a series in which philosophers discuss the greatest moral challenge of our time, and how we should address it. (theconversation.com)
  • This, in fact, is something moral philosophers have been grappling with for several decades. (theconversation.com)
  • Animal welfare philosophy: Philosophers and scholars have long debated the human moral and ethical obligations towards non-human animals. (123helpme.com)
  • What Moral and Ethical Obligations do Humans Have to. (123helpme.com)
  • This notion of cruelty invites debate surrounding the complex and multi-faceted issue of the moral and ethical obligations humans have in respect to other animals. (123helpme.com)
  • The main focus of the essay is to explore the moral and ethical issues which humans have towards non-human animals using battery hens as a case study to highlight the topic. (123helpme.com)
  • Therefore, the essay will respond to the question "what moral or ethical obligations do humans have in respect of other animals? (123helpme.com)
  • In Moral Entanglements , Richardson extends the reach of his analysis both deep within and outside the research itself, recognizing the broader moral backdrop relevant for society-wide judgments of justice, and the special relationships that exist within the medical research context, about what is or is not owed research participants in situations of medical need. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • He argues that 'ancillary care obligations' are explained by 'moral entanglement' and cannot be justified by traditional principles of justice or the duty to rescue. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • moral principles follow. (archive.org)
  • Morally realistic in adhering to universal moral principles, it recognises that morality can trump legality, justifying military intervention even in transgression of positive international law-as in the case of Kosovo. (oup.com)
  • If Congress and the Trump administration don't acknowledge that moral claim, all the soaring rhetoric on subsidiarity will be worth what it can buy at the local food pantry-nothing. (uscatholic.org)
  • Doctors believe themselves to have an ethical and moral duty to do their best for patients, regardless of the circumstances. (nuffieldtrust.org.uk)
  • My faith tradition calls for ethical and moral actions to address and to protect Our Common Home, to care for the common good and to protect the health, welfare and human rights of our communities. (daily-times.com)
  • Strong methane regulations would honor the deep spiritual traditions and worldview of my Native brothers and sisters as well as the ethical and moral call to act responsibly by people of faith all over our state. (daily-times.com)
  • Individuals could criticize that moral framework-a Marxist, for instance, might argue that capitalism ignores issues of fairness in outcomes-but they can't say that it doesn't exist. (forbes.com)
  • I believe that in doing so we would violate important moral obligations as individuals. (theconversation.com)
  • Modern natural rights thinkers held that all individuals were created equal qua individuals, in the state of nature before civil society existed, and thus that the moral demands on men must be few (but by no means nonexistent). (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • Understanding how we might have obligations for collective problems will mean we need to rethink some of our common assumptions and intuitively held views about morality. (theconversation.com)
  • Moral arguments for God's existence form a diverse family of arguments that reason from some feature of morality or the moral life to the existence of God, usually understood as a morally good creator of the universe. (stanford.edu)
  • This fact might seem to favor religious arguments for morality rather than moral arguments for religious belief, but if someone believes that morality is in some way "objective" or "real," and that this moral reality requires explanation, moral arguments for God's reality naturally suggest themselves. (stanford.edu)
  • The apparent connection between morality and religion appears to many people to support the claim that moral truths require a religious foundation, or can best be explained by God's existence, or some qualities or actions of God. (stanford.edu)
  • We are aware of the importance and obligation of news outlets to report news to the public. (newsday.com)
  • Sabucedo J-M, Dono M, Alzate M and Seoane G (2018) The Importance of Protesters' Morals: Moral Obligation as a Key Variable to Understand Collective Action. (usc.es)
  • The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent is an influential essay, part of the essay collection The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent, and Other Essays published in 1915 by John Erskine, English professor at Columbia University. (wikipedia.org)
  • This essay will focus on ethical obligations. (123helpme.com)
  • After some general comments about theistic arguments and a brief history of moral arguments, this essay will discuss several different forms of the moral argument. (stanford.edu)
  • In my opinion, compassion is not merely a sentiment that results from a psychological understanding of a person's need, but it is a moral obligation. (haaretz.com)
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  • This theory of moral entanglement is a genuine discovery in philosophy, with application across a wide range of human relationships. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • The main problem has been to find an adequate theory about the moral value of states of affairs where the number of people, the quality of their lives (or their life-time welfare or well-being - we shall use these terms interchangeably here), and their identities may vary. (stanford.edu)
  • That several authors wrote the biblical texts at different times and sometimes for different purposes, or that the biblical editors sometimes included multiple and inconsistent versions of the same story, does not mean its final compilation cannot communicate important moral teachings. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • But what are the moral teachings of the Hebrew Bible? (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • On the job, engineers and scientists regularly make decisions that have ethical significance or moral relevance. (umass.edu)
  • Does a researcher testing an HIV vaccine in Africa have an obligation to provide anti-retrovirals to those who become HIV positive during the trial? (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Before attempting to explain and assess moral arguments for the existence of God, it would be helpful to have some perspective on the goals of arguments for God's existence. (stanford.edu)
  • A major distinction is that between moral arguments that are theoretical in nature and practical or pragmatic arguments. (stanford.edu)
  • Richardson points out that that these ethical regulations do not address one of the key dilemmas faced by medical researchers whether or not they have obligations towards subjects who need care not directly related to the purpose of the study, termed 'ancillary care obligations. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Parfit is not the first philosopher to have noticed that influential moral views may have implications of the sort outlined in the Repugnant Conclusion. (stanford.edu)
  • D o we have moral obligations to other species? (readthespirit.com)
  • Responsible people are not stating that animals are more important than people, but rather that when people have developed and populated an area to the extent that their interests conflict with those of other species, we have a moral obligation to come up with a more responsible solution than killing off the other species. (newsday.com)
  • Organizations have a moral and legal obligation to understand the crime threats they face and to take diligent steps in managing crime and security risks. (firstreference.com)
  • As a major consumer of deforestation-risk commodities, the EU has a moral and legal obligation to ensure its businesses and investors are not driving deforestation or facilitating human rights violations", says Rice. (bothends.org)
  • Moral obligation bond is a tax exempt revenue bond issued by a municipality that carries a moral, though not legal, commitment to avoid defaulting. (investopedia.com)
  • This explains why in recent years some moral constructs have also been pointed out as predictors of collective action. (usc.es)
  • The general aim of this research is to differentiate moral obligation from moral norms and moral conviction, as well as to compare their ability to predict collective action. (usc.es)
  • This work therefore presents moral obligation as a key precedent of protest participation, prompting its future use as a variable that can enhance existing predictive models of collective action. (usc.es)
  • Do citizens of affluent countries have an obligation to help those who are in poorer countries? (123helpme.com)
  • Calling it a "moral obligation" and a "global public good," Illingworth and Parmet suggest that healthcare is a human rights issue, and that extending coverage in the U.S. to non-citizens could actually alleviate both the cost and care burdens on everyone. (medicalxpress.com)
  • reasoning about physicians' 'doings' and tensions in expressing moral awareness. (diva-portal.org)
  • Five sub-themes were formulated 1) believing in a good death, 2) knowing the course of events, 3) feelings of distress, 4) reasoning about the physicians and 5) expressing moral awareness. (diva-portal.org)
  • it is the basis of fiduciary and ethical obligations of physicians to patients and their families. (aappublications.org)
  • In addition to being a state requirement, it is also our moral and ethical responsibility as health-care workers to protect patients, co-workers and the community from preventable infections such as influenza. (durangoherald.com)
  • HASAKEH, SYRIA - The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces on Saturday urged its U.S. allies to assume their "moral obligations" to protect them from a cross-border Turkish offensive, now in its fourth day. (voanews.com)
  • In conclusion there is a need to support nurses in difficult intensive care situations, for example, by mentoring, as a step towards developing moral action knowledge in the context of intensive care nursing. (diva-portal.org)
  • The findings indicate that moral stress is independent of context-given specific pre-conditions: 1) nurses are morally sensitive to the patient's vulnerability, 2) nurses experience external factors preventing them from doing the best for the patient, and 3) nurses feel that they have no control over the situation. (diva-portal.org)
  • and (c) test moral obligation in a real context (Study 3, N = 407). (usc.es)
  • Hume account of how motives prompt men to moral actions is quite complex, but Wand (1979) also asserts that Hume distinguishes between two basic type of action to make it more understandable. (bartleby.com)
  • Therefore, against the virus of wishful thinking, anti-military caricature, and the domination of moral deliberation by rights-talk In Defence of War asserts that belligerency can be morally justified, even though tragic and morally flawed. (oup.com)
  • One of the conceptual obstacles to rethinking our moral mathematics is the view that if an action of mine does not make a perceptible difference to an outcome then I cannot be morally required to perform it (or to refrain from performing it). (theconversation.com)
  • If you look at banking secrecy in that way, it complies with all moral obligations. (swissinfo.ch)
  • The flip side of subsidiarity suggests larger civic or governmental actors have a moral obligation to intercede when a social need cannot be addressed at a lower level. (uscatholic.org)
  • Passionate entrepreneurs often believe that they have a moral obligation to make the world a better place or at the very least change the status quo. (mddionline.com)
  • They come from diverse backgrounds, have followed unique paths, and do their work in a host of engineering and applied science disciplines, but a common denominator among the faculty of the newly formed Caltech Medical Engineering Department emerged with stunning clarity in ENGenious 's interviews with them: These are people with a strong moral compass who are passionate about making a positive impact on society. (caltech.edu)
  • While most would agree that some special obligation does exist in these cases, what is the basis of this obligation, and what are its limits? (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Most of us tend not to think of capitalism as a moral system. (forbes.com)
  • We tend to neglect the moral import of small (often imperceptible) contributions to large-scale problems (or benefits, for that matter). (theconversation.com)
  • Harvard Business School's Rebecca M. Henderson and Karthik Ramanna argue that company managers have a moral obligation to preserve capitalism in this story from HBS Working Knowledge . (forbes.com)
  • The former are best thought of as arguments that begin with alleged moral facts and argue that God is necessary to explain those facts, or at least that God provides a better explanation of them than secular accounts can offer. (stanford.edu)
  • The website finally received a response from FDA, which shows that Apple executives feel they have a moral obligation to do more in mobile health by leveraging mobile technology platforms and helping people to learn more about themselves. (mddionline.com)
  • In addition, the right to health applies to all people as a moral right. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The Vatican calls fight against corruption and the barriers it creates to peace and justice a "moral obligation", in a document that just released outlines plans by the International Consultation Group for Justice, Corruption, Organized Crime and Mafias (ICG), sponsored by the Holy See's Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development, Vatican Radio in english reports. (zenit.org)
  • U.S. Catholic bishops may applaud alterations to the Affordable Care Act that liberate Catholic and other faith institutions from a problematic contraception mandate, but they will surely continue to make a moral argument for universal healthcare as a human right and will certainly butt heads with the incoming administration over the treatment of immigrants in the United States. (uscatholic.org)
  • Animal Rights and Human Obligations 2/e (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989) Rollin, Bernard. (123helpme.com)
  • How do you balance the financial cost with the human rights obligation? (medicalxpress.com)
  • Broadly I am interested in how human beings navigate the complex social world by balancing multiple reputational concerns: being moral, honest, fair, loyal, and generous are important concerns that can conflict with one another. (google.com)
  • In other words, capitalism earns its legitimacy through the idea that the pursuit of self-interest explicitly delivers on certain moral goods for society. (forbes.com)
  • For such advocates, moral reflection provides the primary case for sound money. (aier.org)
  • Although my consequentialist case is, of course, a moral argument in its own right, it isn't couched in terms of rights and wrongs. (aier.org)
  • So, am I left without a rights-based moral case? (aier.org)
  • Thirty years earlier, another genius of letters and pioneering poet of the era made a sublime case for happiness as a moral obligation - even, and especially, in the midst of suffering. (brainpickings.org)
  • A proponent of the moral argument who viewed the argument in this way might in that case regard the argument as part of a cumulative case for theism, and hold that the moral argument must be supplemented by other possible arguments, such as the "fine-tuning" argument from the physical constants of the universe, or an argument from religious experience. (stanford.edu)
  • boys usually find it considerably easier than girls do to self-servingly and callously rationalize their "conquests," even when they've had the moral formation to know better. (ricochet.com)
  • Capitalism's moral logic was perhaps most famously articulated by free market champion Milton Friedman when he said that "the social responsibility of business…is to increase its profits. (forbes.com)
  • He said: "I would hope in a world where social responsibility is important to corporate reputation, that those involved - if indeed they recover monies in the way that has been suggested - might feel a moral obligation to contribute. (breakingnews.ie)
  • The moral responsibility toward others thus required of the Israelites was quite significant. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • Hume's ultimate intention is to show that it cannot be a natural duty to carry out certain types of obligation such as being just or keeping promises. (bartleby.com)
  • Results are encouraging, showing not only that moral obligation is different to moral conviction and moral norm, but also that it is a more effective predictor working both for intention and real participation. (usc.es)
  • The moral one is a good one, but it's not a defining one. (blogspot.com)
  • Most would also agree that we have a moral obligation to be good stewards of our natural environment and conserve it for future generations. (ontheissues.org)
  • Does the researcher have an obligation to devote some of the team's resources to treating this disease? (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Yet while the biblical regime tried to equalize wealth such that all members of the Israelite community would at least be able to maintain a living, it required fewer political obligations of its members than an Athenian regime would have. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • But political action is also deeply related to moral values. (usc.es)
  • In assessing the relocation of the EU drugs agency EMA, old member states have a "moral and political obligation" to give an advantage to those candidate countries that do not currently host another EU agency, Croatia's health minister told EURACTIV.com. (euractiv.com)
  • Caring about--caring for : moral obligations and work responsibilities in intensive care nursing. (diva-portal.org)
  • A main theme was formulated as caring about--caring for: moral obligations and work responsibilities. (diva-portal.org)
  • Moral obligations and work responsibilities are assumed to be complementary dimensions in nursing, yet they were found not to be in balance for intensive care nurses. (diva-portal.org)
  • An element of leadership is that the narrative is expressed in so eloquent and elegant a fashion--one that permits all recipients to feel ownership of the privilege and obligation they have been given. (blogspot.com)
  • But the fact is that capitalism has always had an explicit moral framework that runs as a thread through the writings of Adam Smith, Milton Friedman, and Friedrich Hayek among other foundational thinkers. (forbes.com)
  • In fact, I think the monetary authority has a moral obligation to set reasonable (i.e. achievable) expectations and then do everything in its power to meet those expectations. (aier.org)
  • There is, moreover, a moral obligation to provide newcomers with healthcare. (medicalxpress.com)
  • However, even if the costs were greater by extending equal care to non-citizen immigrants, including undocumented immigrants, the moral obligation to provide equal access persists. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The initiative would provide the needed investment for gains in student achievement, while allowing lawmakers to continue covering maintenance, operation and enrollment obligations. (sltrib.com)
  • Just because we choose to have more children per capita does not remove our obligation to provide each and every Utah student a high-quality education. (sltrib.com)
  • Evidence for this can be found in the amazing popularity of C. S. Lewis's Mere Christianity (1952), which is almost certainly the best-selling book of apologetics in the twentieth century, and which begins with a moral argument for God's existence. (stanford.edu)
  • will always refuse to accept it purely because of moral beliefs that killing is wrong and Peter Singers main argument that valuable resources could potentially be wasted on those undeserving of them. (123helpme.com)
  • Moral arguments are both important and interesting. (stanford.edu)
  • those actions promoted by artificial moral motives. (bartleby.com)
  • Objective This study's aims were to explore the views of special constables in the London metropolitan police force concerning their obligations and skills as first aiders. (bmj.com)