Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Polyplacophora: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of flattened, elongated marine mollusks, commonly called chitons. They are unique in that they possess seven or eight separate shell plates.Nautilus: The sole genus in the family Nautilidae, order Nautilida, comprised of CEPHALOPODS with spiral external shells that are separated into chambers.Octopodiformes: A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.Biomphalaria: A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.Perna: A genus of freshwater mussel in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. It is found in tropical and warm temperate coastal waters. Most species have green in their shells.Annelida: A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Atlantic OceanEchinodermata: A phylum of the most familiar marine invertebrates. Its class Stelleroidea contains two subclasses, the Asteroidea (the STARFISH or sea stars) and the Ophiuroidea (the brittle stars, also called basket stars and serpent stars). There are 1500 described species of STARFISH found throughout the world. The second class, Echinoidea, contains about 950 species of SEA URCHINS, heart urchins, and sand dollars. A third class, Holothuroidea, comprises about 900 echinoderms known as SEA CUCUMBERS. Echinoderms are used extensively in biological research. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp773-826)Molluscacides: Agents destructive to snails and other mollusks.RNA, Ribosomal, 18S: Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.Lymnaea: A genus of dextrally coiled freshwater snails that includes some species of importance as intermediate hosts of parasitic flukes.Genome, Mitochondrial: The genetic complement of MITOCHONDRIA as represented in their DNA.Gene Order: The sequential location of genes on a chromosome.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.BrazilBiological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.RNA, Transfer: The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Molluscum Contagiosum: A common, benign, usually self-limited viral infection of the skin and occasionally the conjunctivae by a poxvirus (MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM VIRUS). (Dorland, 27th ed)Molluscum contagiosum virus: A species of MOLLUSCIPOXVIRUS causing skin lesions in humans. It is transmitted by direct contact or from non-living reservoirs (fomites), such as books or clothing.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Warts: Benign epidermal proliferations or tumors; some are viral in origin.Chemokine CCL27: A CC-type chemokine with specificity for CCR10 RECEPTORS. It is constitutively expressed in the skin and may play a role in T-CELL trafficking during cutaneous INFLAMMATION.Poxviridae: A family of double-stranded DNA viruses infecting mammals (including humans), birds and insects. There are two subfamilies: CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of vertebrates, and ENTOMOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of insects.Dermatitis, Atopic: A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.Pharmaceutical Solutions: Homogeneous liquid preparations that contain one or more chemical substances dissolved, i.e., molecularly dispersed, in a suitable solvent or mixture of mutually miscible solvents. For reasons of their ingredients, method of preparation, or use, they do not fall into another group of products.Potassium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.Skin Diseases, Viral: Skin diseases caused by viruses.Kaposi Varicelliform Eruption: A disseminated vesicular-pustular eruption caused by the herpes simplex virus (HERPESVIRUS HOMINIS), the VACCINIA VIRUS, or Varicella zoster (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It is usually superimposed on a preexisting, inactive or active, atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC).Unionidae: A family of freshwater mussels in the class BIVALVIA. They differ from ZEBRA MUSSELS in that they are larger and posses a larval stage called glochidia, which requires attachment to the GILLS or fins of particular species of FISHES.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Mytilidae: A family of marine MUSSELS in the class BIVALVIA.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Corbicula: A genus of freshwater clams, in the family Corbiculidae, class BIVALVIA. It originated in Asia but was introduced in North America and is now found throughout the United States.Urology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.Prostatism: Lower urinary tract symptom, such as slow urinary stream, associated with PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA in older men.Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.
GABAergic excitatory synapses and electrical coupling sustain prolonged discharges in the prey capture neural network of Clione limacina. (1/1395)Afterdischarges represent a prominent characteristic of the neural network that controls prey capture reactions in the carnivorous mollusc Clione limacina. Their main functional implication is transformation of a brief sensory input from a prey into a lasting prey capture response. The present study, which focuses on the neuronal mechanisms of afterdischarges, demonstrates that a single pair of interneurons [cerebral A interneuron (Cr-Aint)] is responsible for afterdischarge generation in the network. Cr-Aint neurons are electrically coupled to all other neurons in the network and produce slow excitatory synaptic inputs to them. This excitatory transmission is found to be GABAergic, which is demonstrated by the use of GABA antagonists, uptake inhibitors, and double-labeling experiments showing that Cr-Aint neurons are GABA-immunoreactive. The Cr-Aint neurons organize three different pathways in the prey capture network, which provide positive feedback necessary for sustaining prolonged spike activity. The first pathway includes electrical coupling and slow chemical transmission from the Cr-Aint neurons to all other neurons in the network. The second feedback is based on excitatory reciprocal connections between contralateral interneurons. Recurrent excitation via the contralateral cell can sustain prolonged interneuron firing, which then drives the activity of all other cells in the network. The third positive feedback is represented by prominent afterdepolarizing potentials after individual spikes in the Cr-Aint neurons. Afterdepolarizations apparently represent recurrent GABAergic excitatory inputs. It is suggested here that these afterdepolarizing potentials are produced by GABAergic excitatory autapses. (+info)
Determination of the anomeric configurations of Corbicula ceramide di- and trihexoside by chromium trioxide oxidation. (2/1395)The anomeric configurations of Corbicula ceramide dihexoside and ceramide trihexoside were determined by chromium trioxide oxidation and the structures of these lipids were shown to be Man-beta(1 leads to 4)-Glc-beta(1 leads to 1)-ceramide and Man-alpha(1 leads to 4)-Man-beta(1 leads to 4)-Glc-beta(1 leads to 1)-ceramide. These results are compatible with those obtained by enzymic hydrolysis reported previously. (+info)
Central pattern generator for escape swimming in the notaspid sea slug Pleurobranchaea californica. (3/1395)Escape swimming in the notaspid opisthobranch Pleurobranchaea is an episode of alternating dorsal and ventral body flexions that overrides all other behaviors. We have explored the structure of the central pattern generator (CPG) in the cerebropleural ganglion as part of a study of neural network interactions underlying decision making in normal behavior. The CPG comprises at least eight bilaterally paired interneurons, each of which contributes and is phase-locked to the swim rhythm. Dorsal flexion is mediated by hemiganglion ensembles of four serotonin-immunoreactive neurons, the As1, As2, As3, and As4, and an electrically coupled pair, the A1 and A10 cells. When stimulated, A10 commands fictive swimming in the isolated CNS and actual swimming behavior in whole animals. As1-4 provide prolonged, neuromodulatory excitation enhancing dorsal flexion bursts and swim cycle number. Ventral flexion is mediated by the A3 cell and a ventral swim interneuron, IVS, the soma of which is yet unlocated. Initiation of a swim episode begins with persistent firing in A10, followed by recruitment of As1-4 and A1 into dorsal flexion. Recurrent excitation within the As1-4 ensemble and with A1/A10 may reinforce coactivity. Synchrony among swim interneuron partners and bilateral coordination is promoted by electrical coupling among the A1/A10 and As4 pairs, and among unilateral As2-4, and reciprocal chemical excitation between contralateral As1-4 groups. The switch from dorsal to ventral flexion coincides with delayed recruitment of A3, which is coupled electrically to A1, and with recurrent inhibition from A3/IVS to A1/A10. The alternating phase relation may be reinforced by reciprocal inhibition between As1-4 and IVS. Pleurobranchaea's swim resembles that of the nudibranch Tritonia; we find that the CPGs are similar in many details, suggesting that the behavior and network are primitive characters derived from a common pleurobranchid ancestor. (+info)
A novel small protein associated with a conjugated trienoic chromophore from membranes of scallop adductor muscle: phosphorylation by protein kinase A. (4/1395)Membranes enriched in sarcolemma from the cross-striated adductor muscle of the deep sea scallop have been found to contain a previously undescribed small protein of 6-8 kDa that can be released by treatment with organic solvent mixtures. This proteolipid co-purified with a non-amino acid chromophore containing a conjugated trienoic moiety. Although common in plants and algae, such a stable conjugated trienoic group is unusual for an animal cell. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protein was XEFQHGLFGXF/ADNIGLQ, which most strongly resembles sequences in the triacyl glycerol lipase precursor and the product of the human breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA 1, but does not show similarity to previously described proteolipids. The protein was found to be one of the major substrates in its parent membrane for the catalytic subunit of protein kinase A, which may imply a regulatory function for this molecule. (+info)
Osmotic adjustment in an estuarine population of Urosalpinx cinerea (Say, 1822) (Muricidae, Gastropoda). (5/1395)Individuals from a subtidal, estuarine population of the common oyster drill, Urosalpinx cinerea (Say, 1822), were brought into the laboratory and tested for osmotic adjustment to changing salinity. Tissue variables monitored at seven experimental salinities ranging from 10 to 40% were tissue fluid osmolality, chloride, sodium, potassium, free amino acids (FAA), ninhydrin-positive substances (NPS) and water content. The results of this study demonstrate that the test animals did not exhibit anisosmotic regulation at any of the experimental salinities. However, the data do suggest a high degree of hyper-ionic regulation of potassium at all experimental salinities and a hyporegulation of sodium between the 25 and 40% salinities. Taurine, aspartic acid, alanine and glycine were the four FAA present in relatively consistent high amounts. These four amino acids comprised from 59.6 to 75.7% of the total FAA pools. It is postulated that the population does not maintain its euryhaline survival status through an osmoregulatory mechanism. Rather, the population has probably adapted physiologically to withstand dilution of its body fluids during spring conditions of low salinities. (+info)
Fluorescence measurements detect changes in scallop myosin regulatory domain. (6/1395)Ca2+-induced conformational changes of scallop myosin regulatory domain (RD) were studied using intrinsic fluorescence. Both the intensity and anisotropy of tryptophan fluorescence decreased significantly upon removal of Ca2+. By making a mutant RD we found that the Ca2+-induced fluorescence change is due mainly to Trp21 of the essential light chain which is located at the unusual Ca2+-binding EF-hand motif of the first domain. This result suggests that Trp21 is in a less hydrophobic and more flexible environment in the Ca2+-free state, supporting a model for regulation based on the 2 A resolution structure of scallop RD with bound Ca2+ [Houdusse A. and Cohen C. (1996) Structure 4, 21-32]. Binding of the fluorescent probe, 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulphonate (ANS) to the RD senses the dissociation of the regulatory light chain (RLC) in the presence of EDTA, by energy transfer from a tryptophan cluster (Trp818, 824, 826, 827) on the heavy chain (HC). We identified a hydrophobic pentapeptide (Leu836-Ala840) at the head-rod junction which is required for the effective energy transfer and conceivably is part of the ANS-binding site. Extension of the HC component of RD towards the rod region results in a larger ANS response, presumably indicating changes in HC-RLC interactions, which might be crucial for the regulatory function of scallop myosin. (+info)
The occurrence of two types of collagen proalpha-chain in the abalone Haliotis discus muscle. (7/1395)Acid-soluble collagens were prepared from connective tissues in the abalone Haliotis discus foot and adductor muscles with limited proteolysis using pepsin. Collagen preparation solubilized with 1% pepsin contained two types of alpha-chains which were different in their N-terminal amino acid sequences. Accordingly, two types of full-length cDNAs coding for collagen proalpha-chains were isolated from the foot muscle of the same animal and these proteins were named Hdcols (Haliotis discus collagens) 1alpha and 2alpha. The two N-terminal amino acid sequences of the abalone pepsin-solubilized collagen preparation corresponded to either of the two sequences deduced from the cDNA clones. In addition, several tryptic peptides prepared from the pepsin-solubilized collagen and fractionated by HPLC showed N-terminal amino acid sequences identical to those deduced from the two cDNA clones. Hdcols 1alpha and 2alpha consisted of 1378 and 1439 amino acids, respectively, showing the primary structure typical to those of fibril-forming collagens. The N-terminal propeptides of the two collagen proalpha-chains contained cysteine-rich globular domains. It is of note that Hdcol 1alpha completely lacked a short Gly-X-Y triplet repeat sequence in its propeptide. An unusual structure such as this has never before been reported for any fibril-forming collagen. The main triple-helical domains for both chains consisted of 1014 amino acids, where a supposed glycine residue in the triplet at the 598th position from the N-terminus was replaced by alanine in Hdcol 1alpha and by serine in Hdcol 2alpha. Both proalpha-chains of abalone collagens contained six cysteine residues in the carboxyl-terminal propeptide, lacking two cysteine residues usually found in vertebrate collagens. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the mRNA levels of Hdcols 1alpha and 2alpha in various tissues including muscles were similar to each other. (+info)
Continuous in vitro propagation and differentiation of cultures of the intramolluscan stages of the human parasite Schistosoma mansoni. (8/1395)The metazoan parasitic blood flukes, Schistosoma spp., infect over 200 million people worldwide and cause extensive human morbidity and mortality. Research strategies for development of anti-schistosomal agents are impeded by the organism's complex molluscan-mammalian life cycle, which limits experimental approaches and availability of material. We derived long-term continuously proliferative cultures of Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts capable of generating cercariae in vitro. Cultured organisms retained the ability to parasitize the host, and they exhibited developmental regulation of candidate stage-specific genes in the host-free culture system. Evidence for expression of a reverse transcriptase also was found in the cultured organisms, pointing to this activity as a possible mechanistic contributor to the dynamic relationship between the parasite and its hosts. Continuous in vitro propagation of the asexual sporocyst stage allows isolation of clonally derived parasite populations and provides a means to study schistosomal molecular genetics, metabolism, and evasion of host defenses. (+info)
First Record of a Pearlfish, Carapus Mourlani, Inhabiting the Aplysiid Opisthobranch Mollusc Dolabella Auricularia1 - Redorbit
By Glynn, Peter W Enochs, Ian C; McCosker, John E; Graefe, Abigail N Abstract: Adult individuals of the pearlfish Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934) occur commonly in the mantle cavity of the opisthobranch mollusc Dolabella auricularia (Lightfoot, 1786) in shallow marine waters of the Gulf of Chiriqui, Pacific Panama. Nearly 30% of the molluscan hosts collected during the day on a coral reef contained one or two fish. Feeding observations of a captive fish as well as the intact condition of the hosts ctenidium and other internal organs suggest that C. mourlani is an inquiline commensal and not parasitic. Fish curl around the ctenidium during the day and capture microcrustaceans when the fish emerge from their host at night to feed. From low-light infrared video recordings, Carapus was observed to accurately grasp rapidly swimming amphipods in nearly total darkness and ingest them. This symbiotic relationship appears to benefit Carapus by allowing the fish to avoid predators during the day and to ...
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Induction of metamorphosis in the marine gastropod, Ilyanassa obsoleta: 5HT, NO and Programmed Cell Death., NC DOCKS (North...
Abstract: The central nervous system (CNS) of a metamorphically competent larva of the caenogastropod Ilyanassa obsoleta contains a medial, unpaired apical ganglion (AG) of approximately 25 neurons that lies above the commissure connecting the paired cerebral ganglia. The AG, also known as the cephalic or apical sensory organ (ASO), contains numerous sensory neurons and innervates the ciliated velar lobes, the larval swimming and feeding structures. Before metamorphosis, the AG contains 5 serotonergic neurons and exogenous serotonin can induce metamorphosis in competent larvae. The AG appears to be a purely larval structure as it disappears within 3 days of metamorphic induction. In competent larvae, most neurons of the AG display nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-like immunoreactivity and inhibition of NOS activity can induce larval metamorphose. Because nitric oxide (NO) can prevent cells from undergoing apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death (PCD), we hypothesize that inhibition of NOS activity ...
Localization of nitric oxide synthase-like immunoreactivity in the developing nervous system of the snail Ilyanassa obsoleta,...
Abstract: Production of nitric oxide (NO), an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling molecule, appears to be required for the maintenance of the larval state in the gastropod mollusc Ilyanassa obsoleta. Pharmacological inactivation of endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS), the enzyme that generates NO, can trigger metamorphosis in physiologically competent larvae of this species. Neuropils in the brains of these competent larvae display histochemical reactivity for NADPH diaphorase (NADPHd), an indication of neuronal NOS activity. The intensity of NADPHd staining is greatest in the neuropil of the apical ganglion (AG), a region of the brain that contains the apical sensory organ and that innervates the bilobed ciliated velum, the larval swimming and feeding organ. Once metamorphosis is initiated, the intensity of NADPHd staining in the AG and presumably, concomitant NO production, decline. The AG is finally lost by the end of larval metamorphosis, some 4 days after induction. To ...
'Comparing the mean ratios of shell height/diameter of the Patella spp on an exposed and sheltered shore' - A-Level Geography -...
Introduction. A2 Biology Investigation Comparing the mean ratios of shell height/diameter of the Patella spp on an exposed and sheltered shore Rebekah Riley Candidate number: 5037 Centre number: 28384 Background Information Limpets are slow moving molluscs, characteristic of rocky shores and are very well adapted to life on the seashore. They have a hard shell to protect themselves against predators and damage from moving rocks, and a large muscular foot that enables them to clamp firmly onto rocks to conserve water and maintain their position during rough weather. The most common limpet is Patella vulgata. The conical shell of Patella vulgata can be up to 6 cm long with radiating ridges and the apex central or slightly anterior. Orton (1928) has shown that individuals that inhabit the upper shore generally have a taller shell and smaller shell length when compared to juveniles and lower shore organisms. The thickness of shells is believed to be concerned with heat insulation and water ...
Limpet (Common) Patella vulgata OS002 Illustration | Other Invertebrate Illustrations by Chris Shields
The carotenoids of the gonads of the limpets Patella vulgata and Patella depressa | Biochemical Journal
OceanografiaOnline Blog: http://t.co/ka1zHsxXMq Microscale aspects in the diet of the limpet Patella vulgata L. Research...
Desulphation of L-fucose monosulphates by an enzyme from Patella vulgata | Biochemical Journal
Invertebrate Embryology: Polar lobe in Nassarius fossatus
The top picture shows polar lobe formation during the first cell division. One can see two polar bodies. Polar bodies are the tiny sister cells of the oocyte which are produced during meiosis, contain discarded DNA and mark the animal pole of the embryo (up in the first three pictures). The opposite pole of the embryo is the vegetal pole. The two cells at the animal pole are the first two blastomeres. What looks like a third cell at the vegetal pole is the polar lobe, which at this stage is nearly completely cinched off from either blastomere. Subsequently the polar lobe fuses with one of the blastomeres (second picture from top), so that by the end of the first cell division one of the blastomeres (called CD) is noticeably larger than the AB cell (third picture from top). Polar lobe also forms at the second cell division (not shown). At the four-cell stage blastomere D is the largest, blastomere C is the second largest, while A and B cells are about the same size (bottom picture). The first ...
auricularia auricula powder - auricularia auricula powder online Wholesalers
Scoop Business » Paua is a summer delicacy » Print
Paua is a New Zealand summer delicacy. When someone says "paua fritter" they are usually referring to something made from blackfoot paua. The blackfoot paua (Haliotis iris) species is endemic to New Zealand and found throughout the country. It is most abundant on shallow reefs.. Paua belong to a group of primitive gastropod molluscs known as abalone. Worldwide there are about 55 species.. Three species of abalone occur in New Zealand: blackfoot paua (Haliotis iris), yellowfoot paua (Haliotis australis), and whitefoot paua (Haliotis virginea).. Blackfoot paua has a beautifully coloured shell; haliotis means sea ear and iris refers to the rainbow colour.. The hard shell is well adapted to living on rocks being battered by big surf. Although most paua live in water less than 10 metres deep, they may be found down to 15 metres, particularly in places exposed to large oceanic swells.. They feed by the backwards and forwards motion of their ribbon-like tongue and 100-150 rows of teeth. Small paua rasp ...
Simply Latin - Biblia Sacra Vulgata Vol. III by Saint Jerome (Paperback) - Lulu
Patella | - Definitions & Meanings That Nobody Will Tell You.
Can the collection of 'Tyrian purple' from Plicopurpura pansa (Gould, 1853) (Prosobranchia, Muricidae) be blamed for its...
Cemadotin free base | LU-103793 | CAS#159776-69-9 | 172837-41-1 | MedKoo Biosciences
Cemadotin, also known as, LU103793, is a mitosis inhibitor potentially for the treatment of solid tumours. Cemadotin is also a synthetic derivative of Dolastatin 15, an antiproliferative compound which was isolated from the mollusk Dolabella auricularia. Like Dolastatin 15, LU103793 is highly cytotoxic in vitro (IC50 = 0.1 nM). LU103793 inhibits microtubule polymerization in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 7 microM). Treatment with this compound also induced depolymerization of preassembled microtubules. Cell cycle analysis of tumor cell lines treated with LU103793 indicated a block in the G2-M phase.
"Där wår Vulgata är altför mörk och otydelig" : Den gustavianska bibelkommissionens bruk av Karl XII:s bibel
2005 (Swedish)In: Den gamla översättningen: Karl XII:s bibel och dess receptionshistoria : föredrag vid en konferens i Lund den 21-25 februari 2003 anordnad av Kungl. Humanistiska Vetenskapssamfundet i Lund / [ed] Tord Larsson - Birger Olsson, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 2005, 1, 141-154 p.Chapter in book (Other academic) ...
Members Of The Class Aplacophora Of The Phylum Mollusca Are Wormlike Animals That Lack A Shell But Have Calcareous Scales Or...
Biosorption behavior and mechanism of heavy metals by the fruiting body of jelly fungus ( Auricularia polytricha) from aqueous...
Mollusca in Germany - snails, clams and malacology
We beg your pardon that some of the local info is only available in German language. Dear colleagues! We need your help to complete these websites and, please, link to www.mollusca.de in order to spread the knowledge about it. Please, send relevant information concerning these pages - they can only be as useful as your contributions, thank you ...
Phylum Mollusca Flashcards - Cram.com
CSIRO PUBLISHING | Molluscan Research
SWISS-MODEL Template Library | 3jvt.1
Sequence Similarity - 1KK7: SCALLOP MYOSIN IN THE NEAR RIGOR CONFORMATION Sequence Similarity Report Page
Page:Natural History, Mollusca.djvu/121 - Wikisource, the free online library
attains three inches in length, is of a yellow colour, with the mantle covered with small round warts. Hence in size, form, hue, and surface, the animal bears no small resemblance to the half of a lemon cut through lengthways, especially when the branchial plumes and the dorsal tentacles are concealed by being withdrawn into their respective cavities. But the colour is not always plain yellow; it sometimes verges to grey, and is frequently marked in the most beautiful manner with large spots and clouds of crimson or purple. The branchial flower is composed of eight plumes, which are large, tripinnate, and of a bluish white hue.. ...
Mollusca - Animals Time
மெல்லுடலி - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
மெல்லுடலிகள் (Mollusca) என்பது முதுகெலும்பற்ற விலங்குகளில் இரண்டாவது மிகப்பெரிய தொகுதி ஆகும். இதுவரை சுமார் 85,000 மெல்லுடலிகள் இனம் காணப்பட்டுள்ளன. இவை மிக மெலிதான ஓடுகளைக் கொண்டு இருக்கும்.. மெல்லுடலிகளில் மொத்தம் 100,000க்கும் மேற்பட்ட இனங்கள் இருந்துள்ளதாக புதைப்படிவங்களின் மூலம் அறியமுடிகிறது. மேலும் 70,000க்கும் அதிகமான சிற்றினங்கள் அற்றுப்போய்விட்டன. முத்துச்சிப்பி, கணவாய் ...
A Takatori <I>Mizusashi</I> [Fresh-Water Container] , EDO PERIOD (EARLY-MID 19TH CENTURY) | Christie's ...
Of almost cylindrical form, the sides sloping slightly inwards, the pale grey body with numerous circumferential turning-marks covered on the interior in a pale brown glaze and on the outside with a pale reddish glaze overlaid with splashes of dark brown and yellow glaze reaching down towards the foot in places, lacquered wood ...
Synonyms and Antonyms for fresh-water | Synonym.com
The enzymatic, oxidative and photolytic reaction of bio | Open-i
Patella vulgata. homeopathic remedy - Remedia Homeopathy
Interaction of chemosensory, visual, and statocyst pathways in Hermissenda crassicornis. | JGP
Neurons in the cerebropleural ganglia (CPG), photoreceptors in the eye, optic ganglion cells, and statocyst hair cells of the nudibranch mollusk Hermissenda crassicornis responded in specific ways, as recorded intracellularly, to stimulation of the chemosensory pathway originating at the tentacular chemoreceptors as well as to stimulation of the visual pathway originating at the photoreceptors. Synaptic inhibition of photoreceptors occurs via the chemosensory pathway. The possible significance of such intersensory interaction is discussed with reference to preliminary investigation of the animals gustatory behavior and possible neural mechanisms of behavioral choice. ...
Elysia chlorotica - Adidarwinian
Elysia chlorotica is not an ordinary sea slug (a mollusc). Elysia chlorotica is a photosynthetic sea animal. Like plants, it is capable of converting sunlight into energy.. The photosynthetic ability of Elysia chlorotica is the result of incorporation of algal (Vaucheria litorea) chloroplasts (organelles found in plant cells in which photosynthesis occurs) and chlorophyll producing genes into its molluscan cells. Vaucheria litorea belongs to the yellow-green algae of the class Xanthophyceae.. These slugs initially got the chlorophyll producing genes from the algae that they had eaten. Present generations of slugs have received these genes from their parent generations, and they are passing them to their daughter generations.. Elysia chlorotica gets its chlorophyll-making genes through genetic inheritance, but still is unable to carry out photosynthesis until it consumes adequate quantity of algae so as to receive necessary chloroplasts, which it is unable to produce by itself.. ...
Effect of casein substitution with fishmeal, soybean meal and crustacean meal in the diet of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai...
The effect of dietary substitution of casein with fishmeal, soybean meal and crustacean meal on the growth of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino was determined. A 350 g casein per kilogram diet was included into the CS diet. The whole casein was then substituted by: (1) 300 g fishmeal and 200 g soybean meal per kilogram diet (FS), (2) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g krill meal per kilogram diet (FSK), (3) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 280 g red crab meal per kilogram diet (FSC) or (4) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g shrimp head meal per kilogram diet (FSS). In addition, a 50-g by-product of green tea per kilogram diet was included in the FS diet to form the FSG diet. Sea tangle (ST)diet was supplied to abalone as a control feed. Weight gain, final shell length and final shell width of abalone fed with the various substitution feeds (FS, FSK, FSC, FSS and FSG) were not different from those obtained with the CS diet. All the formulated feeds, however, ...
Adductor muscles (bivalve) - Wikipedia
The adductor muscles are the main muscular system in bivalve mollusks, i.e. in clams, scallops, mussels, oysters, etc. In many parts of the world, when people eat scallops, the adductor muscles are the only part of the soft parts of the animal which are eaten. Adductor muscles leave noticeable scars or marks on the interior of the shells valves. Those marks (known as adductor muscle scars) are often used by scientists who are in the process of identifying empty shells to determine their correct taxonomic placement. Bivalve mollusks generally have either one or two adductor muscles. The muscles are strong enough to close the valves of the shell when they contract, and they are what enable the animal to close its valves tightly when necessary, such as when the bivalve is exposed to the air by low water levels, or when it is attacked by a predator. Most bivalve species have two adductor muscles, which are located on the anterior and posterior sides of the body. Some families of bivalves have ...
Proteomic responses to hypoxia at different temperatures in the Great Scallop (Pecten maximus) [PeerJ Preprints]
Hypoxia and hyperthermia are two connected consequences of the ongoing global change that constitute major threats for coastal marine organisms. In the present study, we used a proteomic approach to characterize the changes induced by hypoxia in individuals of the great scallop, Pecten maximus, subjected to three different temperatures, i.e. 10°C, 18°C and 25°C. We did not observe any significant change induced by hypoxia in animals acclimated at 10°C. Contrastingly at 18°C and 25°C, 16 and 11 protein spots were differentially accumulated between normoxia and hypoxia, respectively. Moreover, biochemical data, i.e. octopine dehydrogenase activity and arginine assays suggests that animals grown at 25°C switched their metabolism towards anaerobic metabolism when exposed to either normoxia or hypoxia, suggesting that this temperature is out of the scallops optimal thermal window. In all, 11 proteins could be unambiguously identified by mass spectrometry, involved in protein modifications and
Transcriptomic features of Pecten maximus oocyte quality and maturation
The king scallop Pecten maximus is a high valuable species of great interest in Europe for both fishery and aquaculture. Notably, there has been an increased investment to produce seed for enhancement programmes of wild scallop populations. However, hatchery production is a relatively new industry and it is still underdeveloped. Major hurdles are spawning control and gamete quality. In the present study, a total of 14 scallops were sampled in the bay of Brest (Brittany, France) to compare transcriptomic profiles of mature oocytes collected by spawning induction or by stripping. To reach such a goal, a microarray analysis was performed by using a custom 8x60K oligonucleotide microarray representing 45,488 unique scallop contigs. First we identified genes that were differentially expressed depending on oocyte quality, estimated as the potential to produce D-larvae. Secondly, we investigated the transcriptional features of both stripped and spawned oocytes. Genes coding for proteins involved in
Differential protein expression during sperm maturation and capacitation in an hermaphroditic bivalve, Pecten maximus (Linnaeus...
In order to investigate the mechanisms of final maturation and capacitation of spermatozoa in Pecten maximus, we used a 2D proteomic approach coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry (MS) and bioinformatics search against the Pecten database, to set up a reference map of the proteome of spawned spermatozoa, and identified 133 proteins on the basis of the EST database. These proteins are mainly involved in energy production, ion and electron transport (44%), cell movement (22%) and developmental processes (10%). Comparison between proteomes of spermatozoa collected before and after transit through the genital ducts of P. maximus led to the identification of differentially expressed proteins. Most of them are associated with energy metabolism (aconitate hydratase, malate dehydrogenase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase), indicating important modifications of energy production during transit in gonoducts, potentially linked with acquisition of sperm motility. Three proteins involved in ...
Color matching on natural substrates in cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis | SpringerLink
Bivalve molluscs | Article about Bivalve molluscs by The Free Dictionary
Experimental collection of post-larvae of Pecten maximus (L.) and other benthic macrofaunal species, in the Bay of Saint-Brieuc...
Gérard Thouzeau. Experimental collection of post-larvae of Pecten maximus (L.) and other benthic macrofaunal species, in the Bay of Saint-Brieuc. I - Settlement patterns and biotic interactions among the species collected. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Elsevier, 1991, 148 (2), pp.159-179. 〈hal-00524790〉 ...
Transcriptomic features of Pecten maximus oocyte quality and maturation - pdf descargar
Transcriptomic features of Pecten maximus oocyte quality and maturation. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Aplysia californica pedal ganglia - NeuronBank
The pedal ganglia are connected to other ganglia through large connectives: the Pedal-Pleural connective and the Cerebro-Pedal connective. In addition, there are two commissures that connect the left and right pedal ganglia: the large commissure is known simply as the Pedal Commissure, the smaller, more anterior commissure is called the parapedal commissure. The nerves leaving the pedal ganglion are numbered in an anterior to posterior fashion (P1-P10). Unlike the other nerves, P10 is a midline nerve that exits from the parapedal commissure. Cobalt backfilling of the 9 paired nerves by Hening et al., 1979, indicates that each nerve contains axons of neurons from several cell clusters that are dispersed through the ganglion. ...
Gutowska, MA; Melzner, F (2009): Seawater carbonate chemistry and biological parameters of Sepia officinalis during experiments...
Gutowska, Magdalena A; Melzner, Frank (2009): Seawater carbonate chemistry and biological parameters of Sepia officinalis during experiments, 2009. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.758066, Supplement to: Gutowska, MA; Melzner, F (2009): Abiotic conditions in cephalopod (Sepia officinalis) eggs: embryonic development at low pH and high pCO2. Marine Biology, 156(3), 515-519, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-008-1096-7
Frontiers | Larval Mid-Gut Responses to Sub-Lethal Dose of Cry Toxin in Lepidopteran Pest Achaea janata | Physiology
The lack of homogeneity in field application of Bacillus thuringiensis formulation often results in ingestion of sub-lethal doses of the biopesticide by a fraction of pest population and there by promotes the toxin tolerance and resistance in long term. Gut regeneration seems to be one of the possible mechanism by which this is accomplished. However, the existing information is primarily derived from in vitro studies using mid-gut cell cultures. Present study illustrates cellular and molecular changes in mid-gut epithelium of a Bt-susceptible polyphagous insect pest castor semilooper, Achaea janata in response to a Cry toxin formulation. The present report showed that prolonged exposure to sub-lethal doses of Cry toxin formulation has deleterious effect on larval growth and development. Histological analysis of mid-gut tissue exhibits epithelial cell degeneration, which is due to necrotic form of cell death followed by regeneration through enhanced proliferation of mid-gut stem cells. Cell death is
Búsqueda | Portal Regional de la BVS
Arginine kinase (AK), an important member of the phosphokinase family, is involved in temporal and spatial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) buffering systems. AK plays an important role in physiological function and metabolic regulations, in particular tissues with high and fluctuating energy demands. In present study, four AK genes were firstly identified from Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis) genome, respectively named PyAK1-4. PyAKs have highly conserved structures with a six-exon/five-exon structure, except for PyAK3. PyAK3 contains an unusual two-domain structure and a "bridge intron" between the two domains, which may originate from gene duplication and subsequent fusion. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all PyAKs belonged to an AK supercluster together with other AK proteins from Mollusca, Platyhelminthes, Arthropoda, and Nematode. A transcriptome database demonstrated that PyAK3 and PyAK4 were the main functional executors with high expression level during larval development and in ...
Comparative mitogenomic analyses of three scallops (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) reveal high level variation of genomic organization...
It can be seen from the available mollusk mitogenomes that the family Pectinidae exhibits the most variation in genome organization. In this study, comparative mitogenomic analyses were performed for three scallops from the subfamily Chlamydinae (Pectinidae), with the goal of characterizing the degree of variability of mitogenome organization and other characteristics among species from the same subfamily and exploring their possible evolution route. The complete or nearly complete mtDNA sequences of scallop Mimachlamys nobilis (17 935 bp), Mizuhopecten yessoensis (20 964 bp) and Chlamys farreri (17 035 bp) were determined using long PCR amplification and primer walking sequencing strategy. Highly variable size difference of the three genomes resulted primarily from length and number variations of non-coding regions, and the major difference in gene content of the three scallop species are due to varying tRNA gene sets. Only 21, 16, and 17 tRNA genes were detected in the mitogenomes of M. nobilis, M.
Mössbauer spectroscopic studies of the cores of human, limpet and bacterial ferritins - Murdoch Research Repository
Ferritin cores from human spleen, limpet (Patella vulgata) haemolymph and bacterial (Pseudomonasaeruginosa) cells have been investigated using 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The Mössbauer spectra were recorded over a range of temperatures from 1.3 to 78 K. At 78 K, all the spectra are quadrupole-split doublets with similar quadrupole splittings and isomer shifts, characteristic of iron(III), while at sufficiently low temperatures the spectra of all the samples show well-resolved magnetic splitting. At intermediate temperatures, the spectra from the human ferritin exhibit typical superparamagnetic behaviour, while those from the bacterial ferritin show behaviour corresponding to a transition from a magnetically ordered to a paramagnetic state. The spectra from the limpet ferritin show a complex combination of the two effects. The results are discussed in terms of the magnetic behaviour of small particles. The data are consistent with magnetic ordering temperatures of about 3 and 30 K for the ...
The morphofunctional characterization and ploidy levels of the digestive gland cells in prosobranch gastropod mollusks ...
Read "The morphofunctional characterization and ploidy levels of the digestive gland cells in prosobranch gastropod mollusks (Prosobranchia: Gastropoda) with special reference to somatic polyploidy, Russian Journal of Marine Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Browsing Faculty of AgriSciences by Title "Transcriptome characterization of the South African abalone Haliotis midae using...
Genus Haliotis - definition of genus Haliotis by The Free Dictionary
Define genus Haliotis. genus Haliotis synonyms, genus Haliotis pronunciation, genus Haliotis translation, English dictionary definition of genus Haliotis. Noun 1. genus Haliotis - type genus of the family Haliotidae Haliotis mollusk genus - a genus of mollusks family Haliotidae, Haliotidae - abalones abalone,...
Bay Scallop Risotto | The Persnickety Palate
1 lb bay scallops In a small bowl, soak the porcinis in the boiling water until softened, about 15 minutes. Remove the mushrooms and strain their liquid into a medium saucepan through a sieve lined with a paper towel. Rinse the mushrooms well to remove any remaining grit and chop them. Add the broth, water and clam base to the mushroom-soaking liquid and bring to a simmer.. In a large pot, heat the oil and butter over moderately low heat. Add the onion and cook, stirring occasionally, until translucent, about 5 minutes. Add the garlic and rice and stir until the rice begins to turn opaque, about 2 minutes. Add the wine and salt and cook, stirring, until the wine has been absorbed.. Stir in the dried mushrooms and 1/2 cup of the simmering stock; cook, stirring frequently, until the stock has been absorbed. The rice and the stock should bubble gently; adjust the heat as needed. Continue cooking the rice, adding the stock a ladleful at a time and allowing the rice to absorb the stock before adding ...
Limax maximus - Wikimedia Commons
Pāua - Wikipedia
Pāua are gathered recreationally and commercially but strict catch limits are set for both. For recreational fishermen this is ten pāua per person per day. The minimum legal size for caught pāua is 125 mm for Haliotis iris and 80 mm for Haliotis australis, measured in a straight line at the greatest length of the shell. The exception is Haliotis iris taken from the Amateur Taranaki Paua Fishery Area, which is the area of Taranaki coast bounded by the Awakino River in the north and the Whanganui River in the south, in which the minimum legal size is 85 mm. However, pāua caught in this area cannot be taken east of State Highway 4 unless they meet the 125 mm limit. In addition, no single person may have in their possession at any time (including on land) more than 20 pāua or more than 2.5 kg of shucked (shell removed) pāua. Pāua can only be caught by free diving; it is illegal to dive for pāua using scuba equipment. All pāua must remain un-shucked until they are on the land side of ...
The Continuing Debate on Deep Molluscan Phylogeny: Evidence for Serialia (Mollusca, Monoplacophora plus Polyplacophora)
Molluscs are a diverse animal phylum with a formidable fossil record. Although there is little doubt about the monophyly of the eight extant classes, relationships between these groups are controversial. We analysed a comprehensive multilocus molecular data set for molluscs, the first to include multiple species from all classes, including five monoplacophorans in both extant families. Our analyses of five markers resolve two major clades: the first includes gastropods and bivalves sister to Serialia (monoplacophorans and chitons), and the second comprises scaphopods sister to aplacophorans and cephalopods. Traditional groupings such as Testaria, Aculifera, and Conchifera are rejected by our data with significant Approximately Unbiased (AU) test values. A new molecular clock indicates that molluscs had a terminal Precambrian origin with rapid divergence of all eight extant classes in the Cambrian. The recovery of Serialia as a derived, Late Cambrian clade is potentially in line with the ...
Exceptional long-term starvation ability and sites of lipid storage of the Arctic pteropod Clione limacina - ePIC
Rostellariella delicatula , common name the delicate tibia , is a species of sea snail , a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Rostellariidae , the true conchs. Description The size of the shell varies between 45 mm and 110 mm. Distribution This marine species occurs from the Gulf of Aden and East Africa to Sumatra , Indonesia. References Bouchet, P. (2015). Rostellariella delicatula. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=532191 on 2016-01-30 Liverani V. (2014) The superfamily Stromboidea. Addenda and corrigenda. In: G.T. Poppe, K. Groh & C. Renker (eds), A conchological iconography. pp. 1-54, pls 131-164. Harxheim: Conchbooks. External links Gastropods.com: Rostellariella delicatula Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rostellariella delicatula . Rostellariella delicatula , common name the delicate tibia , is a species of sea snail , a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Rostellariidae , the true
Octopus - 7 Seas
Nearly all octopuses are predatory; bottom-dwelling octopuses eat mainly crustaceans, polychaete worms, and other molluscs such as whelks and clams; open-ocean octopuses eat mainly prawns, fish and other cephalopods. Major items in the diet of the giant Pacific octopus include bivalve molluscs such as the cockle Clinocardium nuttallii, clams and scallops, and crustaceans such as crabs and spider crabs. Prey that it is likely to reject include moon snails, because they are too large, and limpets, rock scallops, chitons and abalone, because they are too securely fixed to the rock.. A bottom-dwelling octopus typically moves among the rocks and feels through the crevices. The creature may make a jet-propelled pounce on prey and pull it towards the mouth with its arms, the suckers restraining it. Small prey may be completely trapped by the webbed structure. Octopuses usually inject crustaceans like crabs with a paralysing saliva then dismember them with their beaks. Octopuses feed on ...
Nudibranch - Facts and Beyond | Biology Dictionary
Nudibranchs are an order of marine gastropod consisting of more than 3,000 species. They are soft-bodied, slug-like animals many of which are adorned with bright colors and extravagant body forms. Most nudibranch species live on reefs in temperate and tropical seas and are a popular species to observe by SCUBA divers around the world.
Comparative analysis of early ontogeny in Bursatella leachii and Aplysia californica [PeerJ]
Opisthobranch molluscs exhibit fascinating body plans associated with the evolution of shell loss in multiple lineages. Sea hares in particular are interesting because Aplysia californica is a well-studied model organism that offers a large suite of genetic tools. Bursatella leachii is a related tropical sea hare that lacks a shell as an adult and therefore lends itself to comparative analysis with A. californica. We have established an enhanced culturing procedure for B. leachii in husbandry that enabled the study of shell formation and loss in this lineage with respect to A. californica life staging.
Food web woes | Science News for Students
Researcher Charles H. Peterson recently heard fishermen in North Carolina complaining that cownose rays were eating up all the regions bay scallops. He and his colleagues at the University of North Carolinas Institute of Marine Sciences at Morehead City decided to test whether this was really happening.. To keep rays from eating scallops in certain areas, the scientists put a protective ring of poles around the scallops. Rays are wider than most sea creatures and wont usually swim between poles that are spaced closely together. (The rays could turn sideways and fit through, but they dont usually do this.) Other animals, however, swim easily through the gaps between poles.. In 2002 and 2003, at the beginning of the fall season, researchers found populations of bay scallops that were healthy and dense. But after rays migrated through, the scallops nearly disappeared in areas that were not surrounded by poles. Within protected areas, only half of the scallops were gone. Its not even certain ...
Taxonomy & Phylogeny: Building and Comparing a Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Bivalve Mollusks
How to repair adductor muscle rupture - Things You Didn't Know
Phylogenetic systematics and classification of the Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia) | Philosophical...
Character analysis is performed based on anatomical information on 95 species of Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia). Functional and developmental information is included, where available. Phylogenetic analysis to generic level is performed. The shelled Oxynoacea is a monophyletic group containing three families, Volvatellidae, Juliidae and Oxynoidae. The family Cylindrobullidae is excluded from the Sacoglossa, but forms a sister taxon. The non-shelled Placobranchacea is also a monophyletic group composed of two monophyletic superfamilies, Placobranchoidea (= Elysioidea) and Limapontioidea (= Stiligeroidea; = Polybranchoidea). Relationships among most genera included in the Placobranchoidea remain unresolved. The family Boselliidae is retained until further examination of the included species has shown whether it should be included in the Placobranchidae. The Platyhedylidae, comprising the genera Platyhedyle and Gascoignella, is included in the Placobranchoidea. Of the families included in ...
Bivalvia - Bivalves, Clams, Oysters, Mussels, Scallops, Cockles -- Discover Life
Mushroom Observer: Observation 47624: Auricularia Bull.
The Mollusca of the Chicago Area
Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults (Ref. 833). ...
Prosobranchia - Wikispecies
Biology A2 (Unit 5) - Revision Cards in A Level and IB Biology
When the nervous system receptor is resting (not being stimulated) there is a difference in charge inside and outside the cell. The difference in voltage is called the potential difference. The potential difference when the cell is at rest is called the resting potential. When a stimulus is detected the membrane becomes more permeable, so ions move in and out of the cell, altering the potential difference, this change in potential difference is called generator potential. The larger the stimulus the larger the generator potential. If the generator potential is large enough it will trigger an action potential, this is an electrical impulse along a neurone. This only happens if the generator potential reaches a certain level called the threshold level ...
Careers in Fresh-Water Ecology - freshwater, important, system
All the professions mentioned above may be pursued in government agencies, with private consultants, or with research institutions such as universities. Many aquatic scientists are researchers and also educators, managers, or consultants to decisionmakers. Experts trained in both science and relevant policies are important for conserving and restoring fresh-water systems. These might be people with backgrounds in economics, law, geography, or sociology. They help scientists convey information to the public and to lawmakers. As communities become more involved in activities such as restoring populations of threatened species, maintaining vital natural resources, and conducting comprehensive land-use planning, there will be a steady need for fresh-water scientists with good communication and negotiation skills. ...
How should i try to strengthen weak adductor muscles - Answers on HealthTap
Doctors give trusted, helpful answers on causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and more: Dr. Guzik on how should i try to strengthen weak adductor muscles: Leg adductor exercises can made more effective with squeezing a large inflatable yoga ball. Leg abductor exercises with a light 5-10 ankle while lying on your side can be very effective to build these mesclun groups.
What Are the Functions of the Adductor Muscles in Clams? | Reference.com
Category:Calliostoma tampaense - Wikimedia Commons
What are the Adductor Muscles? (with pictures)
CiNii 論文 - Identification of Mytilus spp. and Pecten maximus in Irish Waters by Standard PCR...
Abalone Fungus, Abalone Fungus Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.com
Thank you, Sepia Mutiny | Sepia Mutiny
Dear Sepia Mutiny,. Youve been a pal. No, seriously, youre the best yaar a Pakistani-American girl could conjure. Thats why I dedicate Kishore Kumars soundtrack, "Chalte, Chalte" to you. The lyrics, "Kabhi alvida na kahna" translate to, "Never say goodbye." SM, you challenged me. You educated me. You delighted me. You enraged me. And so, I thank you. All of you.. Thank you, Amardeep, my fellow Philadelphian. When I first stumbled across Sepia Mutiny years ago, yours were the first posts I followed closely. I still go back and reference your eloquent, lyrical writings on music, authors and more. And as I go forward, I hope to keep your last post in mind. Especially this line: "[T]here really is value in spelling out an idea or a perspective at some length, and then giving readers as much space as they want or need to discuss it with you." Longform writing, ftw!. Thank you A N N A, for welcoming me into the bunker. Your sharp editing eye has saved many a post of mine. Your uncompromising ...
The Biology of Terrestrial Molluscs - Google Books
Gastropods on land: phylogeny, diversity and adaptive morphology; Body wall: form and function; Sensory organs and the nervous system; Radular structure and function; Structure and function of the digestive system in Stylommatophora; Food and feeding behaviour; Haemolymph: blood cell morphology and function; Structure and functioning of the reproductive system; Regulation of growth and reproduction; Spermatogenesis and oogenesis; Population and conservation genetics; Life history strategies; Behavioural ecology: on doing the right thing, in the right place at the right time; Soil biology and ecotoxicology.
Shock membrane electropotential drops and limited diffusive distance of β-amyloids in cerebral neurons are detrimental...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Shock membrane electropotential drops and limited diffusive distance of β-amyloids in cerebral neurons are detrimental enhancement to Alzheimers diseases. AU - Chang, Chi Huan. AU - Peng, Chiung Huei. AU - Chen, Kuan Chou. AU - Huang, Hsien Bin. AU - Chiu, Wen Ta. AU - Peng, Robert Y.. PY - 2009/10/15. Y1 - 2009/10/15. N2 - Molecular physicobiochemical calculations indicated that the metallic ion binding to beta-amyloids (Aβ) may induce production of hydrogen peroxide, which triggers the Ca ion redistribution from the extracellular to the intracellular compartmentation, resulting in a transient membrane electropotential drop by at least 208.06 mV. Moreover, using the Mark and Houwink empirical equation, we predicted that the diffusible distances of all Aβ identities would be confined in a very tiny region within a radius less than 3.96 × 10-4 cm in brain at 192 h after produced. Because of the inherent tendency of aggregation behaved by the Aβs, the maximum diffusion ...
List of non-marine molluscs of Malta
Mollusca. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria XXVI: 301-330, 5 pl Hardy, G.H. 1916. List of the Tenison Woods types of ... Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part XIII. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 41: 680-719 Hedley, C. 1918. A ... A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1-109 Macpherson, J.H. & ... A revised census of the marine Mollusca of Tasmania. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 26(3): 344-471 ...
"Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011. Robinson D. G., Hovestadt A., Fields A. & Breure A. S. H. (July ... Lithidion in GBIF Otopoma Gray 1850 - a few words to add to a 150 years old debate (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Cyclophoridae) ... 2009). "The land Mollusca of Dominica (Lesser Antilles), with notes on some enigmatic or rare species". Zoologische ...
for 1828]. Mollusca. In: Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Afrika von Eduard Ruppell Erste Abtheilung Zoologie Neue wirbellose ... Rudman W.B. (1984) The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: a review of the genera. Zoological ... 224 pp Rudman, W.B. (1987). The Chromodorididae (Ophistobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: Chromodoris epicura, C. ...
"Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011. Baker Horace B (1927). "The mollusca collected by the ... Robinson D. G., Hovestadt A., Fields A. & Breure A. S. H. (July 2009). "The land Mollusca of Dominica (Lesser Antilles), with ... Mollusca: Gastropoda: Subulinidae)" (PDF). Malacologica Bohemoslovaca. 5: 1-2. Wu S.-P., Hwang C.-C., Huang H.-M., Chang H.-W ...
doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1981.tb01572.x. Gofas S., Le Renard J. & Bouchet P. (2001). Mollusca. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) ( ... Gosliner T. M. (2001). "Systematics and phylogeny of the caryophyllidia-bearing dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia), with the ... Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) from the southern Iberian Peninsula, with remarks on world species of the genus". Journal of Natural ... A monograph of the British nudibranchiate mollusca: with figures of the species. Part 8 (supplementary). London: Ray Society. ...
Thompson W., 1840: Contributions towards a knowledge of the Mollusca Nudibranchia and Mollusca Tunicata of Ireland, with ... Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine ... Mollusca: Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) in Europe. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 57:35-42. Ballesteros, M, Madrenas, E., Pontes, M ...
A list of additional species of marine Mollusca to be included in the fauna of Port-Jackson and the adjacent coasts of New ... Mollusca. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 49: 387-396 Allan, J.K. 1950. Australian Shells: with related animals ... A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1-109 Phillips, D.A.B., ... South Australian Mollusca. Archaeogastropoda. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia. Adelaide : South Australian ...
Salvini-Plawen L. v. (1983). Mollusca. In: Fauna & Flora des Mittelmeeres. Riedl R. (ed.) P. Parey. Hamburg & Berlin, 248-390. ... doi:10.1007/s00227-009-1158-5. Schrödl M. & Neusser T. P. (2010). "Towards a phylogeny and evolution of Acochlidia (Mollusca: ... In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine ... Odhner N. H. (1939). "Opisthobranchiate Mollusca from the western and northern coasts of Norway". Det Kongelige Norske ...
List of non-marine molluscs of India
Mollusca. Satyamurti S. T. 1960. Land and freshwater mollusca in the collection of the Madras Government museum. Natural ... Mollusca (Terrestrial). Fauna of Orissa Part - II. State fauna Series: 1 Ed: Director, Zoological Survey of India P., 253-276. ... 1. (Mollusca, Annelida, Crustacea), 263 pp., 76 (12 colour) plates with 748 figures. ISBN 978-99946-2-674-8. Ramakrishna & A. ... Land and freshwater mollusca of India, including South Arabia, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Burmah, Pegu, ...
Mollusca - Animals Time
... is the largest marine phylum, comprising about 23% of all the named marine organisms. ... The Mollusca , common name of molluscs or mollusks, are a large phylum of invertebrate animals. ... Mollusca. Introduction. The Mollusca , common name of molluscs or mollusks, are a large phylum of invertebrate animals. There ... The phylum Mollusca is one of the three largest phyla of the animal kingdom. It contains about 100,000 living species, so that ...
Phylum Mollusca Flashcards - Cram.com
Members Of The Class Aplacophora Of The Phylum Mollusca Are Wormlike Animals That Lack A Shell But Have Calcareous Scales Or...
மெல்லுடலி - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
Haszprunar, G. (2001). "Mollusca (Molluscs)". Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.. doi:10.1038/npg.els. ... Ponder, Winston F. and Lindberg, David R. (Eds.) (2008) Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca. Berkeley: University of ... மெல்லுடலிகள் (Mollusca) என்பது முதுகெலும்பற்ற விலங்குகளில் இரண்டாவது மிகப்பெரிய தொகுதி ஆகும். இதுவரை சுமார் 85,000 மெல்லுடலிகள் ...
Swimming Pools | Molluscum Contagiosum | Pox viruses | CDC
More research is needed to understand if and for how long the molluscum virus can live in swimming pool water and if such water ... Parents and others often ask if molluscum virus can spread in swimming pools. There is also concern that it can spread by ... Some investigations report that spread of molluscum contagiosum is increased in swimming pools. However, it has not been proved ...
Molluscum Contagiosum | Poxvirus | CDC
Within 6-12 months, Molluscum contagiosum typically resolves without scarring but may take as long as 4 years. ... molluscum contagiosum virus). The result of the infection is usually a benign, mild skin disease characterized by lesions ( ... Molluscum contagiosum is an infection caused by a poxvirus ( ... Molluscum contagiosum is an infection caused by a poxvirus ( ... Mollusca may occur anywhere on the body including the face, neck, arms, legs, abdomen, and genital area, alone or in groups. ...
Mollusca - Wikipedia
Mollusca is the second-largest phylum of invertebrate animals after the Arthropoda. The members are known as molluscs or ... "In Ponder, W.F.; Lindberg, D.R. (eds.). Phylogeny and evolution of the Mollusca. California Press. pp. 239-264. ISBN 978-0-520- ... Haszprunar, G. (2001). "Mollusca (Molluscs)". Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi:10.1038/npg.els. ... 1985), The Mollusca, 11. Form and Function, New York: Academic Press, ISBN 0-12-728702-7. page 4 ...
Mollusca - Wikipedia
For a summary, see "The Mollusca". University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "The Mollusca". ... ISBN 1581129300 Data related to Mollusca at Wikispecies Mollusca at the Encyclopedia of Life Researchers complete mollusk ... Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusks (/ˈmɒləsk/). Around 85,000 ... 1985), The Mollusca, 11. Form and Function, New York: Academic Press, ISBN 0-12-728702-7 Shigeno, S; Sasaki, T; Moritaki, T; ...
Origin and diversification of the Mollusca. Pages 1-57 in The Mollusca, E. R. Trueman and M. R. Clarke, eds. Academic Press, ... Mollusca Snails, clams, mussels, squids, octopi, chitons, and tusk shells. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a ... Mollia Homepage - Mollusca Information. University of California Museum of Paleontology. *Selected Sources of Information on ... Systematic Research Collections: Mollusca. *Conchologists of America -- Conch-Net HomePage. *American Malacological Society ( ...
Leucogyrophana mollusca - Wikipedia
Molluscum contagiosum - Wikipedia
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Molluscum Contagiosum *^ a b c Tyring SK (2003). "Molluscum contagiosum: the importance of early ... Histologically, molluscum contagiosum is characterized by molluscum bodies in the epidermis, above the stratum basale, which ... As the name implies, molluscum contagiosum is extremely contagious. Transmission of the molluscum contagiosum virus can ... High-magnification micrograph of molluscum contagiosum, showing the characteristic molluscum bodies, H&E stain ...
Luckily, molluscum contagiosum isnt a big deal. Find out what to do about it in this article for teens. ... What Is Molluscum Contagiosum?. The name sounds dramatic, like a Harry Potter spell. So if your doc says you have molluscum ... Each molluscum starts out as a very small spot, about the size of a pinhead, and grows over several weeks into a larger bump ... The mollusca can appear alone as a single bump or in groups, clusters, or rows. They can show up almost anywhere on the skin. ...
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection that causes small pearly or flesh-colored bumps. The bumps may be clear,and the ... Molluscum Contagiosum - Topic Overview. Articles OnMolluscum Contagiosum. Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum Contagiosum * Topic ... What is molluscum contagiosum?. Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection that causes small pearly or flesh-colored bumps. The ... Who gets molluscum contagiosum?. Molluscum contagiosum is most common in children, especially those younger than age 12. In ...
Molluscum contagiosum: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papules or nodules on the skin. ... You have a skin problem that looks like molluscum contagiosum. *Molluscum contagiosum lesions persist or spread, or if new ... Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that is a member of the poxvirus family. You can get the infection in different ways ... Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papules or nodules on the skin. ...
Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection that an infected person can pass on through close, direct contact. It ... These papules are called molluscum bodies, Mollusca, or condyloma subcutaneum. The condition is known as molluscipoxvirus. ... These Mollusca tend to develop on any part of the skin that is not usually covered, such as the arms, face, and hands. They can ... Some Mollusca have a small white dot with pus, and they release a thick, white fluid when they burst. The dimpled part may ...
How is molluscum contagiosum infection transmitted?
The molluscum contagiosum virus may be inoculated along a line of minor skin trauma (eg, from shaving), resulting in lesions ... Drugs & Diseases , Dermatology , Molluscum Contagiosum Q&A How is molluscum contagiosum infection transmitted?. Updated: Aug 09 ... Molluscum contagiosum rarely occurs on the face in an adult unless the patient is infected with HIV. When molluscum contagiosum ... Molluscum contagiosum on the shaft of the penis. Molluscum contagiosum in the genital region of adults is most commonly ...
Herbal remedies for molluscum?
... the molluscum contagiosum will generally clear up within a few months completely by itself, but if the infection... ... Herbal remedies for molluscum?. If left alone, the molluscum contagiosum will generally clear up within a few months completely ... My son has been diagnosed with molluscum and I want to know if there are any herbal or natural remedies I can try to help him? ... Molluscum contagiosum is a harmless viral infection characterised by shiny, pearly white lumps on the skin surface. ...
MIMICRY AMONG MARINE MOLLUSCA | Science
The fresh water Mollusca of Wisconsin, (Book, 1928) [WorldCat.org]
The fresh water Mollusca of Wisconsin,. [Frank Collins Baker; Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters.] ... The fresh water Mollusca of Wisconsin,. Author:. Frank Collins Baker; Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters.. ... The fresh water Mollusca of Wisconsin,/Frank Collins Baker; Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters.; Madison, The ... Add tags for "The fresh water Mollusca of Wisconsin,". Be the first. ...
How are molluscum contagiosum skin lesions characterized?
Drugs & Diseases , Dermatology , Molluscum Contagiosum Q&A How are molluscum contagiosum skin lesions characterized?. Updated: ... Molluscum contagiosum rarely occurs on the face in an adult unless the patient is infected with HIV. When molluscum contagiosum ... Molluscum contagiosum on the shaft of the penis. Molluscum contagiosum in the genital region of adults is most commonly ... Lesions of molluscum contagiosum have a characteristic histopathology. Lobules containing hyalinized molluscum bodies, also ...
Genital Lesions: Molluscum Contagiosum and Warts | SpringerLink
On examination, it was determined the patient was affected by both molluscum contagiosum and genital warts, both... ... Treatment of molluscum contagiosum with imiquimod 5% cream. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002;47(4 Suppl):S221-4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ... Molluscum contagiosum Virus Poxvirus Contact Skin-to-skin Childhood Pediatric Papule Genital Sexual transmission Sexually ... Contraction of the molluscum contagiosum virus causes pearly skin-colored or white papules. Genital warts are caused by the ...
molluscum contagiosum | Netmums
... and shes developed molluscum contagiosum. Im really concerned as she has it ... Read more on Netmums ... Molluscum Contagiosum is a really common skin condition in children which is caused by the Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV) - ... Molluscum Contagiosum is a really common skin condition in children which is caused by the Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV) - ... Molluscum Contagiosum - NHS Choices. I am not aware of any link to eye problems - perhaps you could tell us a bit more about ...
Molluscum on the chest: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Image
Molluscum contagiosum are small, raised, pearly skin lesions caused ... These lesions are associated with the molluscum virus and are present on a person who has a weakened immune system ( ... Molluscum contagiosum are small, raised, pearly skin lesions caused by the molluscum virus, a member of the poxvirus family. ... These lesions are associated with the molluscum virus and are present on a person who has a weakened immune system ( ...
Molluscum Contagiosum (for Parents) - Jeff Gordon Children's Hospital
Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection. For most children, the rash isnt a big deal and goes away on its own ... What Causes Molluscum?. The molluscum virus causes the rash after it enters a small break in the skin. Bumps usually appear 2-6 ... Who Gets Molluscum?. Molluscum most often happens in healthy kids between 1 and 12 years old. But it also happens in:. * ... How Is Molluscum Treated?. Most of the time, molluscum clears up on its own without treatment. Each bump goes away in about 2-3 ...
Molluscum Contagiosum | Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Risk factors for molluscum contagiosum include the following:. *Age: Molluscum contagiosum is most common in children between 1 ... The molluscum contagiosum lesions usually clear on their own over the course of 6-12 months, at which point the patient is no ... Molluscum contagiosum is a contagious disease and can spread through direct contact with the skin of an infected person, or a ... Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the family of large DNA viruses that include smallpox and monkeypox. This virus ...
Molluscum contagiosum - is my child infectious?
... If there are dry, red areas around the spots, and if the E45 cream isnt ... Although the molluscum contagiosum infection can be passed from one child to another by touch, I dont think you need to stop ... I can understand why your girls are finding it frustrating dealing with their molluscum spots because they can hang around for ... I have two daughters aged nine and six who have molluscum contagiosum. ...
Cantharidin for Molluscum | DailyStrength
Molluscum Contagiosum Support Group. Molluscum contagiosum are wart-like tumors of the skin caused by the molluscum contagiosum ... the molluscum (that white part) it seemed was not attached to my body anymore but was in kind of floating in the blister. I ... I believe I got my molluscum from a razor, I dont know if thats possible, but I saw one come up as soon as I touched the ... more Molluscum showed up around the blisters. I was not willing to take my daughter back for more treatments. this wasnt ...
Global diversity of freshwater mussels (Mollusca, Bivalvia) in freshwater | SpringerLink
Mollusca: Bivalvia. In J. H. Thorpe & A. P. Covich. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 2nd ... Studies on Freshwater Mollusca in Mid-Lower Reaches of Chang Jiang River. Doctoral Dissertation. Academia Sinica, Wuhan, China ... Freshwater Sphaeriancean Clams (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of North America. Malacological Publications, Hamburg, Michigan 96 pp. ... Smith, B. J., 1992.Non-marine Mollusca. In Houston, W. W. K. (ed.), Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 8, xii. AGPS, ...
Molluscum contagiosum in females - STDs / STIs - MedHelp
Since molluscum is such a non serious infection I wouldnt do much else 3) No. Molluscum is a virus, not bacteria, and ... Is there any sort of anti-biotic or medicine that could prevent molluscum at the early incubation period? I was just on an anti ... Can a woman get molluscum contagiosum actually inside the vagina? (I think its just skin to skin contact, but im still not ... Basically, I have researched molluscum contagiosum in depth, but I havent found very much information on females. I know that ...
Molluscum Contagiosum Workup: Approach Considerations, Histologic Findings
Molluscum contagiosum virus causes characteristic skin lesions consisting of single or, more often, multiple, rounded, dome- ... Molluscum contagiosum virus causes a benign viral infection that is largely (if not exclusively) a disease of humans. ... Pseudocystic molluscum contagiosum, giant molluscum contagiosum, and molluscum contagiosum associated with other lesions may be ... Molluscum contagiosum rarely occurs on the face in an adult unless the patient is infected with HIV. When molluscum contagiosum ...
Z250 - Lec21 Outline- MOLLUSCA (V): DIVERSITY-Cephalopoda (2017)
Molluscum Contagiosum | HealthLinkBC File 08i
Molluscum contagiosum viral skin infection, symptoms, how it is spread, who is at risk, treatment, and ways to reduce risk of ... What is molluscum contagiosum? Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that affects the outer layer of the skin. The virus ... Who can get molluscum contagiosum? Anyone who has skin-to-skin contact with an infected person is at risk of getting infected. ... A molluscum infection begins as tiny painless bumps that can appear anywhere on the body from 2 weeks to 6 months after contact ...
American Urological Association - Molluscum Contagiosum
PhylumSpreading molluscum contagiosumAssociated with molluscum contagiosumBumpsInfectionPoxvirusBivalviaCalled molluscum bodiesAffected by molluscum contagiosumDiagnosis of molluscum contagiosumContagiousGiant molluscum contagiosumAdultsForm of molluscum contagiosumVirusBodiesCase of molluscum contagiosumSpread of molluscum contagiosumSymptoms of molluscum contagiosumPenisTreat molluscum contagiosumCauses molluscum contagiosumFlesh-coloredTreatmentSign of molluscumGuideline for the managementPhylogenyTreatments2017TypicallySkinEczemaWarts are oftenAvoid molluscumPrevent molluscumIndividual molluscumIncidenceOccurBiopsy
- Picking or scratching the bumps may lead to a spread of the viral infection responsible for molluscum contagiosum, an additional bacterial infection, and scarring. (wikipedia.org)
- The rash looks like one or more small growths or wart-like bumps (called mollusca) that are usually pink, white, or skin-colored. (kidshealth.org)
- Once someone has molluscum contagiosum, it can spread from one part of the body to another when a person scratches or rubs the bumps and then touches another part of the body. (kidshealth.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection that causes small pearly or flesh-colored bumps. (webmd.com)
- The molluscum virus spreads easily from skin touching skin that has bumps. (kidshealth.org)
- New bumps can appear as old ones go away, so it can take 6-12 months (and sometimes longer) for molluscum to fully go away. (kidshealth.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection that causes benign lesions or "bumps" on the skin. (innerbody.com)
- A molluscum infection begins as tiny painless bumps that can appear anywhere on the body from 2 weeks to 6 months after contact with the virus. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Molluscum contagiosum is contagious until the bumps are gone. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- The bumps on your skin point to molluscum contagiosum. (epnet.com)
- Molluscum lesions typically form clusters of small, solid and pearly skin-colored bumps on the skin. (livestrong.com)
- Hello, Chances are more that these kind of bumps are due to warts rather than molluscum. (medhelp.org)
- Molluscum typically presents with many flesh-colored bumps on the skin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- I have some sort of bumps on my vulva that look to me like both molluscum and warts. (zocdoc.com)
- Once someone has molluscum contagiosum, it can be spread from one part of the body to another by scratching or rubbing the bumps and then touching another part of the body. (brennerchildrens.org)
- In molluscum contagiosum, bumps are small, shaped like domes, and have a tiny dimple in the center. (merckmanuals.com)
- Since the bumps can transfer from one place to another and from one person to another, take precautionary measures when treating molluscum contagiosum. (howtodothings.com)
- Molluscum Contagiosum bumps swelling under skin. (drugs.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum may appear as small round bumps and are common in children and people with weakened immune systems. (bumrungrad.com)
- The individual lesions of molluscum are bumps that tend to be dome shaped with a somewhat flattened top which is often indented or dimpled in the center. (dermtv.com)
- One or more small (1-10 mm) pink, skin-colored or pearly, dome-shaped bumps, often with a tiny dimple in the center, occur in clusters and sometimes in a straight line in molluscum contagiosum. (skinsight.com)
- Molluscum in children appear as small, skin-coloured bumps, which eventually fill with fluid, turn red and then dry up and disappear. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- In some cases, eczema develops around the molluscum contagiosum bumps. (momjunction.com)
- Molluscum in children is diagnosed by clinical examination of the bumps on the skin. (momjunction.com)
- The primary symptom of molluscum contagiosum is small bumps on the skin. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- Some people decide not to treat their molluscum contagiosum at all but to just wait for the bumps to go away on their own. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is an infection caused by a poxvirus (molluscum contagiosum virus). (cdc.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum ( MC ), sometimes called water warts , is a viral infection of the skin that results in small, raised, pink lesions with a dimple in the center. (wikipedia.org)
- Transmission of the molluscum contagiosum virus can occur many different ways including direct skin contact (e.g., contact sports or sexual activity), contact with an infected surface ( fomite ), or autoinoculation (self-infection) by scratching or picking molluscum lesions and then touching other parts of the skin not previously affected by the virus. (wikipedia.org)
- Because it's a skin infection, the only real sign of molluscum contagiosum are the small round pink, white, or skin-colored mollusca on the skin. (kidshealth.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papules or nodules on the skin. (medlineplus.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a common and contagious viral skin infection. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- How is molluscum contagiosum infection transmitted? (medscape.com)
- An association between school swimming pool use and molluscum contagiosum infection has also been reported. (medscape.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum infection during the treatment of vitiligo with tacrolimus ointment. (medscape.com)
- If left alone, the molluscum contagiosum will generally clear up within a few months completely by itself, but if the infection. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a harmless viral infection characterised by shiny, pearly white lumps on the skin surface. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- In fact, a severe form of molluscum contagiosum, which is recognized by an increase in size and frequency of lesions, is often the sign of an undiagnosed HIV infection. (innerbody.com)
- Although the molluscum contagiosum infection can be passed from one child to another by touch, I don't think you need to stop your girls swimming. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- I have never heard of a child being excluded from school because of molluscum contagiosum and I would certainly consider it unreasonable if a school did refuse to let a child attend school because of the infection. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that affects the outer layer of the skin. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- A molluscum infection is spread by touching, scratching or rubbing infected skin, including through sexual contact. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- While molluscum contagiosum is most common among children under 10 years of age, the infection can affect anyone. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- In adults, molluscum contagiosum is primarily a sexually transmitted infection (STI). (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection. (epnet.com)
- The molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) causes the infection. (epnet.com)
- Just like molluscum contagiosum, another common skin infection, warts are usually more of a nuisance than a real health danger. (livestrong.com)
- A poxvirus causes molluscum contagiosum while warts result from an infection with a human papilloma virus, or HPV. (livestrong.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a chronic infection and lesions may persist from a few months to a few years. (clevelandclinic.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that causes a mild skin rash. (brennerchildrens.org)
- Molluscum is acquired by close personal contact with another infectious individual, including sexually, and may occasionally be spread by fomites ('things' capable of conveying infection). (thenakedscientists.com)
- Warts and molluscum contagiosum are caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) . (bumrungrad.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral infection of the skin that resolves on its own, usually within a few months. (skinsight.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum infection is self-limited, and lesions will go away on their own in 6-9 months, although they rarely can persist for a few years. (skinsight.com)
- See your child's doctor if the molluscum contagiosum infection is moderate or severe or if you are concerned about spread of infection or its appearance. (skinsight.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum virus infection amongst PLWH. (who.int)
- Background: Molluscum contagiosum (MC) infection is caused by a pox virus and the virus is probably passed on by direct skin-to-skin contact which may affect any part of the body. (who.int)
- This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of Molluscum contagiosum infection among PLWHAs attending ART clinic at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. (who.int)
- Diagnosis of Molluscum Contagiosum infection was based on the clinical findings of typical lesions on the external genitalia, perianal, trunk, abdominal and facial regions. (who.int)
- The exception is genital molluscum, which is a sexually-transmitted infection. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- One such annoying skin infection in kids is molluscum contagiosum. (momjunction.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is an infection of the skin that is transmitted from one person to another through direct contact. (momjunction.com)
- MC is caused by a poxvirus called the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). (wikipedia.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that is a member of the poxvirus family. (medlineplus.gov)
- Molluscum are small, raised, pearly skin lesions caused by the molluscum virus, a member of the poxvirus family. (medlineplus.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the family of large DNA viruses that include smallpox and monkeypox. (innerbody.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum are wart-like tumors of the skin caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV-1 to -4), a DNA poxvirus. (dailystrength.org)
- Molluscum is a common dermatologic disorder caused by a poxvirus. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum warty-like skin lesions of 2 to 8 mm in diameter (about 1/16 inch) are caused by a poxvirus that multiplies in the skin cells and makes them puffed up, thus giving it a protruding, waxy appearance. (nethealthbook.com)
- This condition is caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus, a ubiquitous poxvirus that escapes immune destruction for months to years. (bmj.com)
- Biomonitoring study of an estuarine coastal ecosystem, the Sacca di Goro lagoon, using Ruditapes philippinarum (Mollusca: Bivalvia). (sigmaaldrich.com)
- 1989. Ultrastructural characteristics of spermatogenesis in Pecten maximus (Mollusca, Bivalvia). (scielo.br)
- 1995. Estudo ultraestrutural da espermatogenese de Donax striatus Linnaeus (Mollusca, Bivalvia) do litoral norte do Brasil. (scielo.br)
- Comparative morphometrics of the acrosomes of the sperms of "externally" and "internally" fertilizing sperms of the shipworms (Teredinidae,Bivalvia,Mollusca). (scielo.br)
- 1989. Ultrastructural and cytochemical study of spermatogenesis in Scorbicularia plana (Mollusca, Bivalvia). (scielo.br)
- As the name implies, molluscum contagiosum is extremely contagious. (wikipedia.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a contagious disease and can spread through direct contact with the skin of an infected person, or a contaminated surface. (innerbody.com)
- The molluscum contagiosum lesions usually clear on their own over the course of 6-12 months, at which point the patient is no longer contagious. (innerbody.com)
- Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/contagious-skin-diseases/molluscum-contagiosum. (epnet.com)
- Molluscum, which are caused by a pox and not a wart virus, are contagious and spread by simple skin contact, although they can also be passed on by contaminated towels, flannels etc. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- Molluscum are contagious, but it is actually hard to catch them. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- However, molluscum contagiosum is contagious and spreads through contact. (momjunction.com)
- Like those viruses, the molluscum contagiosum virus is highly contagious but unlike them, it is not a potentially deadly virus. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- The molluscum virus is very contagious. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- Clinical profile of molluscum contagiosum in children versus adults. (medscape.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is mostly observed in children, but can affect adults, in particular those with a compromised immune system. (innerbody.com)
- In adults, molluscum infections are often sexually transmitted and usually. (dailystrength.org)
- The dermatologist tells me that adults acquire an immunity to molluscum and it is rare in adults unless they are immunocompromised. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Herpes and Molluscum contagiosum, in adults, are usually spread during sex. (dermtv.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is one of the three most common viral infections of the skin in adults. (dermtv.com)
- Because molluscum is almost always spread by skin to skin contact, in adults it tends to occur in the genital region and on the face. (dermtv.com)
- Children aged 2-5 years are most commonly affected with molluscum contagiosum, although it can occur in adolescents and adults. (skinsight.com)
- Parents and others often ask if molluscum virus can spread in swimming pools. (cdc.gov)
- More research is needed to understand if and for how long the molluscum virus can live in swimming pool water and if such water can infect swimmers. (cdc.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus with the same name. (kidshealth.org)
- Male and female condoms can't fully protect you from getting molluscum contagiosum from a partner, as the virus can be on areas not covered by the condom. (medlineplus.gov)
- Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) mostly affects children under the age of 15 years. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The molluscum contagiosum virus may be inoculated along a line of minor skin trauma (eg, from shaving), resulting in lesions arranged in a linear pattern (see the image below). (medscape.com)
- In a patient who had preexisting molluscum contagiosum, the virus was inoculated along a line of minor skin trauma, resulting in the development of the 3 new lesions. (medscape.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum virus transmission through direct skin contact between children sharing a bath and between athletes sharing gymnasium equipment and benches has been reported. (medscape.com)
- Coutu J, Ryerson MR, Bugert J, Brian Nichols D. The Molluscum Contagiosum Virus protein MC163 localizes to the mitochondria and dampens mitochondrial mediated apoptotic responses. (medscape.com)
- The genome of molluscum contagiosum virus: analysis and comparison with other poxviruses. (medscape.com)
- Konya J, Thompson CH. Molluscum contagiosum virus: antibody responses in persons with clinical lesions and seroepidemiology in a representative Australian population. (medscape.com)
- Contraction of the molluscum contagiosum virus causes pearly skin-colored or white papules. (springer.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a skin rash caused by a virus . (kidshealth.org)
- The molluscum virus causes the rash after it enters a small break in the skin . (kidshealth.org)
- Direct contact with infected clothing, toys, bed linens, towels, mats and other personal items can transmit the molluscum contagiosum virus. (innerbody.com)
- The molluscum contagiosum virus easily spreads in crowded environments with a warm, humid climate. (innerbody.com)
- 3) No. Molluscum is a virus, not bacteria, and antibiotics would do nothing. (medhelp.org)
- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay can be used to detect and categorize molluscum contagiosum virus in skin lesions. (medscape.com)
- however, Buller et al demonstrated molluscum contagiosum virus replication in an experimental system using human foreskin grafted to athymic mice. (medscape.com)
- Agent: molluscum contagiosum virus, a member of the pox virus family. (auanet.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum is a completely different virus. (zocdoc.com)
- Have a grandson with molluscum, which I am told is a form of pox virus. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Molluscum is a pox virus (related to smallpox actually) and is very infectious. (thenakedscientists.com)
- That's right, molluscum contagiosum is a pox virus and hence a relative of smallpox as well as vaccinia, which is used as the smallpox vaccine. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is virus that infects humans usually in the main body part and extremeties. (howtodothings.com)
- Analysis of the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) genome revealed that it encodes approximately 182 proteins, 105 of which have direct counterparts in orthopoxviruses (OPV). (nih.gov)
- Because the incubation period for molluscum contagiosum is 2 weeks to 6 months, lesions may not immediately be seen after contracting the virus. (skinsight.com)
- Parents often begin to worry when their children are diagnosed with Molluscum contagiosum, which is caused by a virus and often looks like a series of small warts. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- The molluscum virus is actually a form of pox virus, which sounds scary because we think of things like small pox and chicken pox when we hear that. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- How Does the Molluscum Virus Spread? (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- The molluscum contagiosum virus is often treated by physicians the same way warts are treated. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- We recommend treating the molluscum virus with a natural product like Naturasil Molluscum, which contains antiviral compounds from the extracts of plants. (healthy-skin-guide.com)
- Larger lesions may have several distinct clumps of molluscum bodies (see the image below). (medscape.com)
- Beneath the umbilicated center is a white, curdlike core that contains molluscum bodies. (medscape.com)
- Larger lesions may have several clumps of molluscum bodies rather than the more common single central umbilication. (medscape.com)
- Characteristic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies (molluscum bodies, or Henderson-Paterson bodies) are seen on histologic examination findings. (medscape.com)
- Ultrastructural studies have shown that these bodies are membrane-bound sacs that contain numerous molluscum contagiosum virions. (medscape.com)
- Magnification allows better demonstration of the intracytoplasmic molluscum bodies (staining purple-pink) within the keratinocytes. (medscape.com)
- Lobules containing hyalinized molluscum bodies, also known as Henderson-Paterson bodies, are diagnostic. (medscape.com)
- Cells of the stratum malphigi acquire cytoplasmic inclusions that progressively enlarge as they reach the surface: these molluscum bodies (Henderson-Patterson bodies) contain viral particles and are eosinophilic, but become more basophilic and granular as they enlarge and displace the nucleus (image B) , (image C) , & (image D) . (auanet.org)
- Some investigations report that spread of molluscum contagiosum is increased in swimming pools. (cdc.gov)
- Treating underlying eczema in children can help prevent the spread of molluscum contagiosum. (clevelandclinic.org)
- Poor hygiene and warm, moist climates encourage the spread of molluscum contagiosum. (skinsight.com)
- What are the symptoms of molluscum contagiosum? (clevelandclinic.org)
- See also the symptoms of Molluscum contagiosum and Molluscum contagiosum: Introduction . (rightdiagnosis.com)
- In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Molluscum contagiosum and complications of Molluscum contagiosum is unclear or arbitrary. (rightdiagnosis.com)
- my boyfriend has had it for about two months, and we decided to go to the local STD clinic to get tested for everything under the sun, and they confirmed my suspicions that he had molluscum on his penis and abdomen. (medhelp.org)
- I am 99% sure I have molluscum on my penis it is really frustrating because I spent so much time trying to get it diagnosed and even the doctor wasn't sure what it was and I was told either way it was benign. (medhelp.org)
- Individual molluscum lesions may go away on their own within two months and generally clear completely without treatment or scarring in six to twelve months. (wikipedia.org)
- In many cases, doctors leave molluscum contagiosum to go away on its own without any need for treatment. (kidshealth.org)
- Children may not need treatment, because molluscum contagiosum usually goes away on its own. (webmd.com)
- Fery-Blanco C, Pelletier F, Humbert P, Aubin F. [Disseminated molluscum contagiosum during topical treatment of atopic dermatitis with tacrolimus: efficacy of cidofovir]. (medscape.com)
- There is considerable overlap in the treatment of genital warts and molluscum contagiosum. (springer.com)
- Treatment of molluscum contagiosum with imiquimod 5% cream. (springer.com)
- Hengge UR, Cusini M. Topical immunomodulators for the treatment of external genital warts, cutaneous warts and molluscum contagiosum. (springer.com)
- Dermatologists, imiquimod, and treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children: righting wrongs. (springer.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum (mol-US-kum kon-tay-jee-OH-sum), or molluscum for short, usually goes away on its own without medical treatment. (kidshealth.org)
- Most of the time, molluscum clears up on its own without treatment. (kidshealth.org)
- Would love to hear from members who have used cantharidin (blistering agent produced by a beetle, yes, a beetle) as a treatment measure for molluscum contagiosum. (dailystrength.org)
- I actually went with this treatment for my 10 year old daughter it really worked on her the first treatment removed all the Molluscum within a week the 2nd treatment for a few new ones took a little longer but eventually they also went away. (dailystrength.org)
- The Merck Manual indicates that treatment options depend on the characteristics and location of the seed warts or molluscum contagiosum. (livestrong.com)
- The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved none of the topical or intralesional agents for treatment of molluscum contagiosum. (medscape.com)
- In a study of the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children, Hanna et al determined that curettage was the most efficacious therapy. (medscape.com)
- This is a Phase 3, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo (vehicle)-controlled, pivotal study that will be conducted in the United States to determine the efficacy and safety of VP-102 following treatment of molluscum lesions for up to 4 treatments, every 21 days, with VP-102/placebo in 250 subjects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The University of North Carolina Department of Dermatology is conducting a clinical trial to evaluate a drug called cantharidin in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Without treatment, molluscum contagiosum typically clears within a year. (medbroadcast.com)
- What is the treatment for molluscum contagiosum? (thenakedscientists.com)
- Treatment of mild molluscum contagiosum infections is often not required because lesions will eventually resolve on their own. (skinsight.com)
- If you child has more than 100 molluscum, ask your doctor about treatment and also to check if this is a sign of a more serious underlying condition affecting the immune system. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- MomJunction tells you about molluscum contagiosum treatment in children and home remedies that help in alleviating the problem. (momjunction.com)
- Once the doctor confirms it is molluscum contagiosum, he may recommend a treatment procedure. (momjunction.com)
- 2003. Molecular phylogeny of Scaphopoda (Mollusca) inferred from 18S rDNA sequences: support for a Scaphopoda-Cephalopoda clade. (tolweb.org)
- Ponder and Lindberg provides a breathtaking overview of the evolutionary history of the Mollusca, effectively melding information from anatomy, ecology, genomics, and paleobiology to explore the depths of molluscan phylogeny. (ucpress.edu)
- Our understanding of the phylogeny and evolutionary history of the mollusca has been revolutionized over the past two decades through new molecular data and analysis, and reinvestigation of morphological characters. (ucpress.edu)
- The investigators conducted a prospective, randomized trial that compared the efficacy and adverse effects of four previously recognized treatments for molluscum contagiosum in 124 children. (medscape.com)
- This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Scarabino, Victor, Caetano, Carlos Henrique Soares, Carranza, Alvar (2011): Three new species of the deep-water genus Bathycadulus (Mollusca, Scaphopoda, Gadilidae). (gbif.org)
- 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731987/all/Mollusca. (tabers.com)
- For most people, molluscum contagiosum is a minor skin rash that goes away on its own after a while. (kidshealth.org)
- Molluscum contagiosum spreads easily , most often through direct skin-to-skin contact. (kidshealth.org)
- Avoid direct contact with the skin lesions of people who have molluscum contagiosum. (medlineplus.gov)
- These Mollusca tend to develop on any part of the skin that is not usually covered, such as the arms, face, and hands. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- How are molluscum contagiosum skin lesions characterized? (medscape.com)
- On examination, it was determined the patient was affected by both molluscum contagiosum and genital warts, both types of lesions caused by viruses that are transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. (springer.com)
- I believe I got my molluscum from a razor, I don't know if that's possible, but I saw one come up as soon as I touched the razor to my skin. (dailystrength.org)
- Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic-disorders/viral-skin-diseases/molluscum-contagiosum. (epnet.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum, on the other hand, can appear anywhere on the skin, except the palms and soles, according to the Merck Manual. (livestrong.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum and warts are benign epidermal eruptions resulting from viral infections of the skin. (aafp.org)
- Although molluscum contagiosum is a common skin rash in kids, many parents have never heard of it. (brennerchildrens.org)
- Molluscum can occur anywhere on the skin, except the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. (medbroadcast.com)
- Light micrograph of a section through the epidermis of the skin of a person suffering from the viral disease molluscum contagiosum. (sciencephoto.com)
- To verify that what you have is, indeed, molluscum contagiosum, a doctor can run some tests by scraping off some skin from the bump and running it through the lab. (howtodothings.com)
- In children there can be an eczematous skin reaction around a group of these Molluscum contagiosum lesions. (nethealthbook.com)
- Molluscum Montagiosum is a bad and embarrassing skin disease that no one would want to have for long if not at all. (kayakfishingzone.com)
- To cure molluscum contagiosum, you need to take care of some issues carefully and be persistent until the disturbing skin lesions go completely. (kayakfishingzone.com)
- Molluscum contagiosum is very common in children aged 10 and under, and so is known as a childhood skin condition. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- The symptoms of molluscum in children can be apparent or otherwise, depending on the infected part of the skin. (momjunction.com)
- Up to 10% of people with molluscum will develop eczema around the lesions. (medbroadcast.com)
- It is thought that children who have atopic eczema are more prone to catch molluscum contagiosum than children who don't have eczema. (skinhelp.co.uk)
- Also, a study revealed that the presence of pruritus and surrounding eczema was higher in kids having molluscum contagiosum (2) . (momjunction.com)
- The Incidence of Molluscum contagiosum among American Indians and Alaska Natives. (medscape.com)
- The incidence of molluscum contagiosum is higher in developing countries. (innerbody.com)
- We aimed to describe the incidence of new episodes of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus presenting to general practitioners in England and Wales. (cambridge.org)
- Ninety per cent of molluscum contagiosum episodes were reported in children aged 0-14 years, where incidence in 2000 (midpoint of a 6-year period of stable incidence) was 1265/100000 (95% CI 1240-1290). (cambridge.org)