## Myths, models and mitigation of resistance to pesticides. (1/14889)

Resistance to pesticides in arthropod pests is a significant economic, ecological and public health problem. Although extensive research has been conducted on diverse aspects of pesticide resistance and we have learned a great deal during the past 50 years, to some degree the discussion about 'resistance management' has been based on 'myths'. One myth involves the belief that we can manage resistance. I will maintain that we can only attempt to mitigate resistance because resistance is a natural evolutionary response to environmental stresses. As such, resistance will remain an ongoing dilemma in pest management and we can only delay the onset of resistance to pesticides. 'Resistance management' models and tactics have been much discussed but have been tested and deployed in practical pest management programmes with only limited success. Yet the myth persists that better models will provide a 'solution' to the problem. The reality is that success in using mitigation models is limited because these models are applied to inappropriate situations in which the critical genetic, ecological, biological or logistic assumptions cannot be met. It is difficult to predict in advance which model is appropriate to a particular situation; if the model assumptions cannot be met, applying the model sometimes can increase the rate of resistance development rather than slow it down. Are there any solutions? I believe we already have one. Unfortunately, it is not a simple or easy one to deploy. It involves employing effective agronomic practices to develop and maintain a healthy crop, monitoring pest densities, evaluating economic injury levels so that pesticides are applied only when necessary, deploying and conserving biological control agents, using host-plant resistance, cultural controls of the pest, biorational pest controls, and genetic control methods. As a part of a truly multi-tactic strategy, it is crucial to evaluate the effect of pesticides on natural enemies in order to preserve them in the cropping system. Sometimes, pesticide-resistant natural enemies are effective components of this resistance mitigation programme. Another name for this resistance mitigation model is integrated pest management (IPM). This complex model was outlined in some detail nearly 40 years ago by V. M. Stern and colleagues. To deploy the IPM resistance mitigation model, we must admit that pest management and resistance mitigation programmes are not sustainable if based on a single-tactic strategy. Delaying resistance, whether to traditional pesticides or to transgenic plants containing toxin genes from Bacillus thuringiensis, will require that we develop multi-tactic pest management programmes that incorporate all appropriate pest management approaches. Because pesticides are limited resources, and their loss can result in significant social and economic costs, they should be reserved for situations where they are truly needed--as tools to subdue an unexpected pest population outbreak. Effective multi-tactic IPM programmes delay resistance (= mitigation) because the number and rates of pesticide applications will be reduced. (+info)## Referenceless interleaved echo-planar imaging. (2/14889)

Interleaved echo-planar imaging (EPI) is an ultrafast imaging technique important for applications that require high time resolution or short total acquisition times. Unfortunately, EPI is prone to significant ghosting artifacts, resulting primarily from system time delays that cause data matrix misregistration. In this work, it is shown mathematically and experimentally that system time delays are orientation dependent, resulting from anisotropic physical gradient delays. This analysis characterizes the behavior of time delays in oblique coordinates, and a new ghosting artifact caused by anisotropic delays is described. "Compensation blips" are proposed for time delay correction. These blips are shown to remove the effects of anisotropic gradient delays, eliminating the need for repeated reference scans and postprocessing corrections. Examples of phantom and in vivo images are shown. (+info)## Modeling breathing-zone concentrations of airborne contaminants generated during compressed air spray painting. (3/14889)

This paper presents a mathematical model to predict breathing-zone concentrations of airborne contaminants generated during compressed air spray painting in cross-flow ventilated booths. The model focuses on characterizing the generation and transport of overspray mist. It extends previous work on conventional spray guns to include exposures generated by HVLP guns. Dimensional analysis and scale model wind-tunnel studies are employed using non-volatile oils, instead of paint, to produce empirical equations for estimating exposure to total mass. Results indicate that a dimensionless breathing zone concentration is a nonlinear function of the ratio of momentum flux of air from the spray gun to the momentum flux of air passing through the projected area of the worker's body. The orientation of the spraying operation within the booth is also very significant. The exposure model requires an estimate of the contaminant generation rate, which is approximated by a simple impactor model. The results represent an initial step in the construction of more realistic models capable of predicting exposure as a mathematical function of the governing parameters. (+info)## The impact of a multidisciplinary approach on caring for ventilator-dependent patients. (4/14889)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and financial outcomes of a highly structured multidisciplinary care model for patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. The structured model outcomes (protocol group) are compared with the preprotocol outcomes. DESIGN: Descriptive study with financial analysis. SETTING: A twelve-bed medical-surgical ICU in a non-teaching tertiary referral center in Ogden, Utah. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: During a 54 month period, 469 consecutive intensive care patients requiring mechanical ventilation for longer than 72 hours who did not meet exclusion criteria were studied. INTERVENTIONS: A multidisciplinary team was formed to coordinate the care of ventilator-dependent patients. Care was integrated by daily collaborative bedside rounds, monthly meetings, and implementation of numerous guidelines and protocols. Patients were followed from the time of ICU admission until the day of hospital discharge. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients were assigned APACHE II scores on admission to the ICU, and were divided into eight diagnostic categories. ICU length of stay, hospital length of stay, costs, charges, reimbursement, and in-hospital mortality were measured. RESULTS: Mortality in the preprotocol and protocol group, after adjustment for APACHE II scores, remained statistically unchanged (21-23%). After we implemented the new care model, we demonstrated significant decreases in the mean survivor's ICU length of stay (19.8 days to 14.7 days, P= 0.001), hospital length of stay (34.6 days to 25.9 days, P=0.001), charges (US$102500 to US$78500, P=0.001), and costs (US$71900 to US$58000, P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a structured multidisciplinary care model to care for a heterogeneous population of ventilator-dependent ICU patients was associated with significant reductions in ICU and hospital lengths of stay, charges, and costs. Mortality rates were unaffected. (+info)## Simultaneous measurement of evoked release and [Ca2+]i in a crayfish release bouton reveals high affinity of release to Ca2+. (5/14889)

The opener neuromuscular junction of crayfish was used to determine the affinity of the putative Ca2+ receptor(s) responsible for evoked release. Evoked, asynchronous release, and steady-state intracellular Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]ss, were measured concomitantly in single release boutons. It was found that, as expected, asynchronous release is highly correlated with [Ca2+]ss. Surprisingly, evoked release was also found to be highly correlated with [Ca2+]ss. The quantal content (m) and the rate of asynchronous release (S) showed sigmoidal dependence on [Ca2+]ss. The slope log m/log [Ca2+]ss varied between 1.6 and 3.3; the higher slope observed at the lower [Ca2+]o. The slope log S/log [Ca2+]ss varied between 3 and 4 and was independent of [Ca2+]o. These results are consistent with the assumption that evoked release is controlled by the sum of [Ca2+]ss and the local elevation of Ca2+ concentration near the release sites resulting from Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (Y). On the basis of the above, we were able to estimate Y. We found Y to be significantly <10 microM even for [Ca2+]o = 13.5 mM. The dissociation constant (Kd) of the Ca2+ receptor(s) associated with evoked release was calculated to be in the range of 4-5 microM. This value of Kd is similar to that found previously for asynchronous release. (+info)## Resolution of fluorescence correlation measurements. (6/14889)

The resolution limit of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy for two-component solutions is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The autocorrelation function for two different particles in solution were computed, statistical noise was added, and the resulting curve was fitted with a least squares fit. These simulations show that the ability to distinguish between two different molecular species in solution depends strongly on the number of photons detected from each particle, their difference in size, and the concentration of each component in solution. To distinguish two components, their diffusion times must differ by at least a factor of 1.6 for comparable quantum yields and a high fluorescence signal. Experiments were conducted with Rhodamine 6G and Rhodamine-labeled bovine serum albumin. The experimental results support the simulations. In addition, they show that even with a high fluorescence signal but significantly different quantum yields, the diffusion times must differ by a factor much bigger than 1.6 to distinguish the two components. Depending on the quantum yields and the difference in size, there exists a concentration threshold for the less abundant component below which it is not possible to determine with statistical means alone that two particles are in solution. (+info)## Formal analysis of electrogenic sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate transport in mouse colon epithelium. (7/14889)

1. The mammalian colonic epithelium carries out a number of different transporting activities simultaneously, of which more than one is increased following activation with a single agonist. These separate activities can be quantified by solving a set of equations describing these activities, provided some of the dependent variables can be eliminated. Using variations in the experimental conditions, blocking drugs and comparing wild type tissues with those from transgenic animals this has been achieved for electrogenic ion transporting activity of the mouse colon. 2. Basal activity and that following activation with forskolin was measured by short circuit current in isolated mouse colonic epithelia from normal and cystic fibrosis (CF) mice. 3. Using amiloride it is shown that CF colons show increased electrogenic sodium absorption compared to wild type tissues. CF mice had elevated plasma aldosterone, which may be responsible for part or all of the increased sodium absorbtion in CF colons. 4. The derived values for electrogenic chloride secretion and for electrogenic potassium secretion were increased by 13 and 3 fold respectively by forskolin, compared to basal state values for these processes. 5. The loop diuretic, frusemide, completely inhibited electrogenic potassium secretion, but apparently only partially inhibited electrogenic chloride secretion. However, use of bicarbonate-free solutions and acetazolamide reduced the frusemide-resistant current, suggesting that electrogenic bicarbonate secretion accounts for the frusemide-resistant current. 6. It is argued that the use of tissues from transgenic animals is an important adjunct to pharmacological analysis, especially where effects in tissues result in the activation of more than one sort of response. (+info)## Stretching lattice models of protein folding. (8/14889)

A new class of experiments that probe folding of individual protein domains uses mechanical stretching to cause the transition. We show how stretching forces can be incorporated in lattice models of folding. For fast folding proteins, the analysis suggests a complex relation between the force dependence and the reaction coordinate for folding. (+info)**Theoretical** Biology and Medical **Modelling**

... is a peer-reviewed online-only medical journal covering mathematical and

**theoretical**... "**Theoretical**Biology and Medical**Modelling**". 2018 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. ... Mathematical and**theoretical**biology journals, General medical journals, Online-only journals, All stub articles, Medical ...###### Vienna Series in **Theoretical** Biology

**Modeling**Biology. Structures, Behaviors, Evolution. Manfred D. Laubichler and Gerd B. Müller (Eds.), 2007. Biological ... The Vienna Series in

**Theoretical**Biology is a book series published by MIT Press and devoted to advances in

**theoretical**biology ... By promoting the formulation and discussion of new

**theoretical**concepts, the series intends to help fill the gaps in our ... The Vienna Series grew out of the Altenberg Workshops in

**Theoretical**Biology organized by the Konrad Lorenz Institute for ...

###### Brain

Dayan, P; Abbott, LF (2005). "Ch.7: Network

**models**".**Theoretical**Neuroscience. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-54185-5. Averbeck, BB ... Computational neurogenetic**modeling**is concerned with the study and development of dynamic neuronal**models**for**modeling**brain ... So, brain**models**that don't reflect this are too abstract to be representative of brain operation;**models**that do try to ... other**models**attempt to incorporate data about the biophysical properties of real neurons. No**model**on any level is yet ...###### Markov reward **model**

Begain, K.; Bolch, G.; Herold, H. (2001). "

**Theoretical**Background". Practical Performance**Modeling**. pp. 9. doi:10.1007/978-1- ... The**model**appears in Ronald A. Howard's book. The**models**are often studied in the context of Markov decision processes where a ... The Markov Reward**Model**Checker tool can be used to numerically compute transient and stationary properties of Markov reward ... Features of interest in the**model**include expected reward at a given time and expected time to accumulate a given reward. ...**Theoretical** ecology

Mechanistic

**models**:**model**the underlying processes directly, with functions and distributions that are based on**theoretical**... Markov chain**models**are stochastic. Species can be**modelled**in continuous or discrete time. Continuous time is**modelled**using ... Many system dynamics**models**are deterministic. Stochastic**models**allow for the direct**modeling**of the random perturbations that ... One class of computational**models**that is becoming increasingly popular are the agent-based**models**. These**models**can simulate ...###### World Association of **Theoretical** and Computational Chemists

**Modelling**Structure and Reactivity. 7th World Congress of the World Association of Theoretically Oriented Chemists" (PDF). ... particularly

**theoretical**chemistry and computational chemistry. It was originally called the World Association of

**Theoretical**... The World Association of

**Theoretical**and Computational Chemists (WATOC) is a scholarly association founded in 1982 "in order to ... The association awards two yearly medals: the Schrödinger Medal to "outstanding

**theoretical**and computational chemist", and the ...

###### Heidelberg Institute for **Theoretical** Studies

Molecular and Cellular

**Modeling**(MCM) The Molecular and Cellular**Modeling**group detects and simulates the behavior of molecules ...**Theoretical**Astrophysics (TAP) The TAP group started in March 2013 at HITS under the group leader Volker Springel. Springel ... "Molecular and Cellular**Modeling**". Retrieved 22 January 2017. "Natural Language Processing". Retrieved 22 January 2017. "H-ITS ... The Heidelberg Institute for**Theoretical**Studies (HITS gGmbH) was established in 2010 by SAP co-founder Klaus Tschira through ...###### Dual inheritance theory

DIT has since built a rich tradition of

**theoretical****models**over the past two decades. However, there has not been a comparable ...**Model**-based biases result when an individual is biased to choose a particular "cultural**model**" to imitate. There are four major ... This agenda, outlined below, called for the development of both**theoretical****models**and empirical research. ... These**models**were to form the basis for subsequent work on DIT, heralded by the publication of three seminal books in the 1980s ...###### Karoubi envelope

**Theoretical**Computer Science. 41: 95-104. doi:10.1016/0304-3975(85)90062-3. C.P.J. Koymans (1982). "

**Models**of the lambda ... For this reason the Karoubi envelope is used in the study of

**models**of the untyped lambda calculus. The Karoubi envelope of an ... extensional lambda

**model**(a monoid, considered as a category) is cartesian closed. The category of projective modules over any ...

###### Raoul A. Robinson

Robinson, R.A. (1982). "

**Theoretical**resistance**models**". Durable Resistance in Crops. Plenum Press, New York and London. pp. 45- ...###### Clock (**model** checking)

**Theoretical**Computer Science. 126 (2): 183-235. doi:10.1016/0304-3975(94)90010-8. Behrmann, Gerd; David, Alexandre; Larsen, Kim ... In

**model**checking, a subfield of computer science, a clock is a mathematical object used to

**model**time. More precisely, a clock ... In a

**model**of some particular program, the value of the clock may either be the time since the program was started, or the time ... Generally, the

**model**of a system uses many clocks. Those multiple clocks are required in order to track a bounded number of ...

###### Finite **model** theory

"Algorithmic

**Model**Theory" Fagin, Ronald (1993). "Finite-**model**theory - a personal perspective" (PDF).**Theoretical**Computer ... Finite**model**theory is a subarea of**model**theory.**Model**theory is the branch of logic which deals with the relation between a ... finite**model**theory is quite different from**model**theory in its methods of proof. Central results of classical**model**theory ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Finite**Model**Theory Libkin, Leonid (2009). "The finite**model**theory toolbox of a database ...###### Sympatric speciation

Getz, W. M.; Kaitala, V. (1989). "Ecogenetic

**models**, competition, and heteropatry".**Theoretical**Population Biology. 36: 34-58. ... A number of**models**have been proposed for alternative modes of sympatric speciation. The most popular, which invokes the ... They assert that this definition should be useful in**modeling**. They also state that under this definition, sympatric speciation ... Evolutionary theory as well as mathematical**models**have predicted some plausible mechanisms for the divergence of species ...###### Mechanosensitive channels

A

**theoretical****model**". Biophys. J. 60 (5): 1120-1127. Bibcode:1991BpJ....60.1120M. doi:10.1016/S0006-3495(91)82147-6. PMC ... Spring-like Tether**model**: In this**model**a spring-like tether is attached directly to the MS channel and can be present in ... Lipid bilayer Tension or stretch**model**: In this**model**tension in the lipid bilayer triggers conformational changes, thus ... Channels open in response to two different mechanisms: the prokaryotic**model**and the mammalian hair cell**model**. Stretch- ...###### Infinite sites **model**

Watterson, GA (1975). "On the number of segregating sites in genetical

**models**without recombination".**Theoretical**Population ... The Infinite sites**model**(ISM) is a mathematical**model**of molecular evolution first proposed by Motoo Kimura in 1969. Like ... Tajima, F (1996). "Infinite-allele**model**and infinite-site**model**in population genetics". Journal of Genetics. 75: 27-31. doi: ... The four gamete rule can be applied to the data to ensure that they do not violate the**model**assumption of no recombination. ...###### Timed word

Alur, Rajeev; Dill, David (1994). "A theory of itmed automata".

**Theoretical**Computer Science. 126: 190. (**Model**checking). ... In**model**checking, a subfield of computer science, a timed word is an extension of the notion of words, in a formal language, ... A timed-word may be passed to a**model**, such as a timed automaton, which will decide, given the letters or actions which already ...###### Music-related memory

This

**theoretical****model**proposed by William Berz (1995) is based on the Baddeley and Hitch**model**. However, Berz modified the ... Berz W. L. (1995). "Working Memory in Music; A**Theoretical****Model**". Music Perception. 12 (3): 353-364. doi:10.2307/40286188. ... He also proposed another loop to include other sensory inputs that were disregarded in the Baddeley and Hitch**model**. In a**model**... A test of the phonological loop**model**and the feature**model**". Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 10 (2): 435-444. doi:10.3758/ ...###### Multi-state **modeling** of biomolecules

Danos V, Laneve C (2004). "Formal molecular biology".

**Theoretical**Computer Science. 325: 69-110. doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2004.03.065 ... A**model**(or part of a**model**) is represented as a Python programme. This allows users to store higher-order biochemical ... The**models**can be simulated and analysed using Python libraries, but PySB**models**can also be exported into BNGL, kappa, and ... Multiscale**modeling**Rule-based**modeling**This article was adapted from the following source under a CC BY 4.0 license (2014) ( ...###### Logic of Computable Functions

Robin Milner (1973). "

**Models**of LCF" Plotkin, Gordon D. (1977). "LCF considered as a programming language" (PDF).**Theoretical**... "A type-**theoretical**alternative to ISWIM, CUCH, OWHY".**Theoretical**Computer Science, 121:411-440, 1993. Annotated version of the ... Programming Computable Functions (PCF), small**theoretical**programming language by Gordon Plotkin. Dana S. Scott. " ...###### Homology **modeling**

**Theoretical**Chemistry Accounts. 125 (3-6): 643-50. doi:10.1007/s00214-009-0656-3. S2CID 95593331. Marti-Renom, MA; Stuart, AC; ... Homology

**modeling**, also known as comparative

**modeling**of protein, refers to constructing an atomic-resolution

**model**of the " ... John, B; Sali, A. (2003). "Comparative protein structure

**modeling**by iterative alignment,

**model**building and

**model**assessment ... Regions of the

**model**that were constructed without a template, usually by loop

**modeling**, are generally much less accurate than ...

###### ZND detonation **model**

**Theoretical**Chemistry Accounts. 120 (1-3): 37-43. doi:10.1007/s00214-007-0303-9. S2CID 95326309. Dremin, Anatoliĭ Nikolaevich ( ... The ZND detonation

**model**is a one-dimensional

**model**for the process of detonation of an explosive. It was proposed during World ... This

**model**admits finite-rate chemical reactions and thus the process of detonation consists of the following stages. First, an ...

###### Selfish genetic element

To

**model**the dynamics of transposable elements (TEs) within a genome, one has to realize that the elements behave like a ... Third,**theoretical**work has shown that the greater linkage disequilibrium in selfing compared to outcrossing genomes may in ... It was observed early on that the rate of jumping of many TEs varies with copy number, and so the first**models**simply used an ... Mathematical**models**allow the assumptions and the rules to be given a priori for establishing mathematical statements about the ...###### Selective auditory attention

Deutsch & Deutsch's late selection

**model**that was proposed in 1963 is a competing**model**to Broadbent's early selection**model**. ... Deutsch JA, Deutsch D (January 1963). "Some**theoretical**considerations". Psychological Review. 70: 80-90. doi:10.1037/h0039515 ... notably the early selection**model**, late selection**model**, and attenuation**model**. Early researches on selective auditory ... Broadbent's**model**contradicts with the cocktail party phenomenon because Broadbent's**model**predicts that people would never ...###### Infinitesimal **model**

Turelli, Michael (2017-12-01). "Commentary: Fisher's infinitesimal

**model**: A story for the ages".**Theoretical**Population Biology ... The infinitesimal**model**, also known as the polygenic**model**, is a widely used statistical**model**in quantitative genetics. ... The**model**allows genetic variance to be assumed to remain constant even when natural selection is occurring, because each locus ... The**model**served to reconcile Mendelian genetics with the continuous distribution of quantitative traits documented by Francis ...###### Cellular noise

Peccoud, J. & Ycart, B. (1995). "Markovian

**Modelling**of Gene Product Synthesis".**Theoretical**Population Biology. 48 (2): 222- ... A canonical**model**for noise gene expression, where the processes of DNA activation, transcription and translation are all ... Paulsson, J. (2005). "**Models**of stochastic gene expression". Phys. Life Rev. 2 (2): 157-175. Bibcode:2005PhLRv...2..157P. doi: ... Regarding the two-state**model**, a moment-based method was described for parameters inference from mRNAs distributions. Kaern, M ...###### Paris Kanellakis

He served as editorial advisor to the scientific journals Information and Computation, SIAM Journal on Computing,

**Theoretical**... "ACM bestows Kanellakis Award for development of 'symbolic**model**checking,' used in testing computer system designs" (Press ... Grumbach, Stéphane; Su, Jianwen (1997). "Queries with arithmetical constraints".**Theoretical**Computer Science. 173 (1): 151-181 ... 1997). Descriptive Complexity and Finite**Models**. American Mathematical Society. ISBN 9780821870761. Kanellakis, Paris C.; ...###### Lilias Armstrong

Post, Brechtje (2000). "

**Theoretical**background:**modeling**". Tonal and Phrasal Structures in French Intonation (PDF). LOT ... "a**model**of meticulous investigation and recording", writing in 1945 that it should "serve as a**model**" for subsequent work on ... Orwin, Martin (1996). "A Moraic**Model**of the Prosodic Phonology of Somali". In Hayward, R. J.; Lewis, I. M. (eds.). Voice and ...###### Modal μ-calculus

Emerson, E. Allen (1996). "

**Model**Checking and the Mu-calculus". Descriptive Complexity and Finite**Models**. American Mathematical ... In**theoretical**computer science, the modal μ-calculus (Lμ, Lμ, sometimes just μ-calculus, although this can have a more general ...**Models**of (propositional) μ-calculus are given as labelled transition systems ( S , R , V ) {\displaystyle (S,R,V)} where: S {\ ... Finite**model**theory Alternation-free modal μ-calculus Scott, Dana; Bakker, Jacobus (1969). "A theory of programs". Unpublished ...###### Deterministic pushdown automaton

doi:10.1016/S0304-3975(02)00027-0. Hamburger, Henry; Dana S. Richards (2002). Logic and Language

**Models**for Computer Science. ... doi:10.1016/S0304-3975(00)00285-1. Géraud Sénizergues (2002). "L(A) = L(B)? A simplified decidability proof".**Theoretical**... Géraud Sénizergues (2001). "Fundamental study: L(A) = L(B)? decidability results from complete formal systems".**Theoretical**...###### Cocktail party effect

Daniel Kahneman also proposed a

**model**of attention, but it differs from previous**models**in that he describes attention not in ... Deutsch JA, Deutsch D (January 1963). "Some**theoretical**considerations". Psychological Review. 70 (I): 80-90. doi:10.1037/ ... They adopted a position in line with late selection**models**of attention such as the Treisman or Deutsch-Norman**models**, ... It is important to note that Kahneman's**model**doesn't necessarily contradict selection**models**, and thus can be used to ...###### Nursing in Japan

In 1883, foreign missionaries opened two small nursing schools, based on Western

**models**to give**theoretical**training to nurses ... Both**theoretical**study and clinical practice are required. Upon completion of studies a national examination administered by ... Initially introduced only in Tokyo in the late 1860s, small schools utilizing Western**models**were being opened by the late ...###### Hyporheic zone

Cardenas, M. Bayani (2009). "A

**model**for lateral hyporheic flow based on valley slope and channel sinuosity". Water Resources ... Freeze, R. Allan; Witherspoon, P. A. (1967). "**Theoretical**analysis of regional groundwater flow: 2. Effect of water-table ... Researchers use tools such as wells and piezometers, conservative and reactive tracers, and transport**models**that account for ... A transient storage**model**". Water Resources Research. 19 (3): 718-724. Bibcode:1983WRR....19..718B. doi:10.1029/WR019i003p00718 ...###### Feedback with Carry Shift Registers

Klapper, Andrew; Xu, Jinzhong (17 September 1999). "Algebraic Feedback Shift Registers" (PDF).

**Theoretical**Computer Science. ... ACM Transactions on**Modeling**and Computer Simulation. 13 (4): 310-321. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.22.9007. doi:10.1145/945511.945514. ...###### Line array

... calculations can be made based on these

**theoretical****models**for simplicity. Thus there is only a certain distance where a line ... In short, the geometry of real-world audio line arrays as used in public address systems can only be**modeled**approximately by ... Nexo offer their 3D**modelling**software, NS1. The design process starts by entering the dimensions of the room and the required ...###### Blue-collar crime

Thus, additional research is required, using a more complex

**model**of crime and control to include variables such as ... A**theoretical**and empirical analysis". American Sociological Review, 50, 317-32. Clarke, Ronald R. (ed.) (1997). Situational ...###### Digital self-determination

Their

**theoretical**framework focuses on data governance and privacy, and proposes that the core components of digital self- ... Assimilation into the tech products,**models**, and ideologies of foreign powers constitutes a colonization of the internet age. ... Gasser, Urs; Almeida, Virgilio A.F. (November 2017). "A Layered**Model**for AI Governance". IEEE Internet Computing. 21 (6): 58- ... In this view, the increasing competition for users' limited attention, especially when relying on advertising revenue**models**, ...###### Human geography

Historical geography is the study of the human, physical, fictional,

**theoretical**, and "real" geographies of the past. ... spatial**modeling**, and positivist approaches are still important to many branches of human geography. Well-known geographers ... relational and**theoretical**aspects of settlement. That is the study of areas which have a concentration of buildings and ... geographers in the mid-20th century began to apply statistical and mathematical**models**in order to solve spatial problems. Much ...###### Health realization

Within the HR

**model**, unpleasant feelings or emotions, or stressful feelings, indicate that one's thinking is based on ... 1] L. L. Halcón, C. L. Robertson, K. A. Monson, & C. C. Claypatch A**Theoretical**Framework for Using Health Realization to ... According to the HR**model**, people are already whole and healthy. The traumas of the past are only important to the extent that ... The HR**model**has also found application in police departments, prisons, mental health clinics, community health clinics and ...###### Calculus of communicating systems

**Models**that have been used in the study of CCS-like systems: History monoid Actor

**model**Robin Milner: A Calculus of ... Electronic Notes in

**Theoretical**Computer Science. Combined Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Coordination and ... Between these

**models**, bisimilarity is used as a semantic equivalence. Given a set of action names, the set of CCS processes is ... Its actions

**model**indivisible communications between exactly two participants. The formal language includes primitives for ...

###### PANO1

Human PANO1 protein has a molecular weight of 22.8 kb and a

**theoretical**, isoelectric point of 12.21. From an analysis of the ... A possible cleavage site was identified between amino acids 33 and 34 as depicted in the PANO1 protein**model**. As mentioned ...###### Explicit symmetry breaking

In

**theoretical**physics, explicit symmetry breaking is the breaking of a symmetry of a theory by terms in its defining equations ... The base Hamiltonian might be chosen to provide a starting point close to the system being**modelled**. Mathematically, the ...###### Nonviolent video game

Often

**modeled**upon violent FPS games, non-violent FPSes such as Chex Quest or the newer Sherlock Holmes games,[specify] may ...**Theoretical**explanations for these types of effects have been explained in myriad theories including social cognitive theory, ...**modeled**after the biblical Jezebel) that shoot rays out of their nose, or alien Nazis (a mocking reference to Raëlian religious ... The time has come to retire the General Aggression**Model**" (PDF). Aggression and Violent Behavior. 17 (3): 220-228. doi:10.1016/ ...###### Maximum potential intensity

This fact leads to the existence of a

**theoretical**upper bound on the strongest wind speed that a tropical cyclone can attain. ... Journal of Advances in**Modeling**Earth Systems. 5 (2): 447-458. Bibcode:2013JAMES...5..447E. doi:10.1002/jame.20032. Woolnough, ... The maximum potential intensity of a tropical cyclone is the**theoretical**limit of the strength of a tropical cyclone. Due to ...###### PlayStation 5

The base

**model**includes an optical disc drive compatible with Ultra HD Blu-ray discs. The Digital Edition lacks this drive, ... The GPU has 36 compute units running at a variable frequency capped at 2.23 GHz, making it capable of a peak**theoretical**... "THE NEW PS5**MODEL**HAS ARRIVED IN AUSTRALIA FIRST AGAIN AND HERE'S THE FIRST DETAILS". August 29, 2022. Retrieved August 29, ... The console launched with two**models**: a base version with an Ultra HD Blu-ray compatible optical disc drive for retail game ...###### Job interview

Essentially, the process

**model**illustrates that the interview is not an isolated interaction, but rather a complex process that ... although some**theoretical**work suggests interviewers may still show biases even in these types of interviews. Employers are ... Stone, Dianna L.; Colella, Adrienne (April 1996). "A**Model**of Factors Affecting the Treatment of Disabled Individuals in ... Fletch, 1990 Levashina, Julia; Campion, Michael A. (15 November 2006). "A**Model**of Faking Likelihood in the Employment ...###### Rebecca Woodgate

Part I:

**Theoretical****Model**and Barotropic Results". Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. 14 (4): 897-909. doi:10.1175/ ... Woodgate, Rebecca A.; Killworth, Peter D. (1997-08-01). "The Effects of Assimilation on the Physics of an Ocean**Model**. ... Woodgate's early research centered on data assimilation in**models**and currents near Greenland. She has examined physical ...###### Belt friction

... can be

**modeled**by the Belt friction equation. In practice, the**theoretical**tension acting on the belt or rope ... The equation used to**model**belt friction is, assuming the belt has no mass and its material is a fixed composition: T 2 = T 1 e ...###### NeuroMat

... established in 2013 at the University of São Paulo that is dedicated to integrating mathematical

**modeling**and**theoretical**... In the first article on the**model**, in 2013, they called it a**model**of a "system with interacting stochastic chains with memory ... NeuroMat has been involved in the development of what has been called the Galves-Löcherbach**model**, a**model**with intrinsic ... This**model**of spiking neurons was developed by mathematicians Antonio Galves and Eva Löcherbach. ...###### Psychology of religion

Breslin Michael J., Alan Lewis Christopher (2008). "

**Theoretical****Models**of the Nature of Prayer and Health: A Review". Mental ... Fowler's**model**has inspired a considerable body of empirical research into faith development, although little of such research ... Many have looked at stage**models**, like those of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg, to explain how children develop ideas about ... The best-known stage**model**of spiritual or religious development is that of James W. Fowler, a developmental psychologist at ...###### Automated planning and scheduling

In AI planning, planners typically input a domain

**model**(a description of a set of possible actions which**model**the domain) as ...**Theoretical**Artificial Intelligence. 11 (1): 23--45. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.107.1065. doi:10.1080/095281399146607. Neufeld, Xenija ...**Models**and policies must be adapted. Solutions usually resort to iterative trial and error processes commonly seen in ... In known environments with available**models**, planning can be done offline. Solutions can be found and evaluated prior to ...###### INGENIAS

... follows these principles specifying the MAS meta-

**models**that define its**modeling**language and allow generating ... This allows researchers focusing on the**theoretical**tasks of deciding what are the relevant concepts, relationships and ... approach.**Model**-driven engineering (MDE) organizes developments around the specification of systems through**models**that are ... supports this automated development from meta-**models**of**model**editors, modules for checking and validation, and generators for ...###### International Civil Engineering Symposium

Transportation engineering dealt with the basics of travel demand

**modelling**, activity based travel**modelling**and advanced tools ... There were**theoretical**as well as practical sessions, teaching the participants the importance, background, latest techniques, ... Every team had to come up with an idea and had to showcase it into a working or a scale**model**of the same. WaterGEMS provided ... A summit involves discussion of various topics and dealt with protocols Similar to a**Model**United Nations conference. The ...###### Dowry system in India

Nisha Sharma was portrayed as a youth icon and a role

**model**for other women. However, it was later found that the Nisha had ... India is a party to several international human rights instruments which provide**theoretical**remedies to the dowry problems. ...###### Alfred Diamant

Insofar Weber's

**model**was "a Prussian inspired**model**" just like Weber himself was a nationalist and per se anti-democratic. He ... Steiffert mentions Diamant as one of the noteworthy**theoretical**contributors to the debate in the 1960s. In the 1960s, it was ... Discussing the German**model**which allowed trade-union representatives to sit on the board of corporations in the name of joint ... Schrader called Diamant's**Models**of Bureaucracy and Development "an important, relevant work". At least one of Diamant's ...###### Hahn's problem

... (or Hahn's question) refers to the

**theoretical**challenge of building general equilibrium**models**where money does ...###### I Zwicky 18

... determined the observed brightness of three Cepheids and compared it with the actual brightness predicted by

**theoretical****models**... From a**theoretical**point of view, astronomers have hypothesised the existence of young dwarf galaxies in a cold dark matter- ... These**models**were calculated specifically for I Zwicky 18's deficiency in heavy elements, indicating the galaxy's stars formed ...###### Rehabilitation psychology

**Theoretical**

**models**are important in rehabilitation psychology for understanding and explaining impairments, aiding treatment ...

**Models**help organize, understand, explain, and predict phenomena. The

**models**used integrate information from a number of ... Biopsychosocial

**model**: The biopsychosocial

**model**examines the interaction of medical conditions, psychological stressors, the ... The somatopsychological

**model**is derived from Lewin's field theory and holds that the environment can either aid or hinder an ...

###### Chinese nobility

**Theoretical**Framework and Chinese Context. BRILL. p. 123. ISBN 978-90-04-26051-1. Joachim Gentz (4 September 2013). Religious ... Rites of Zhou were subsequently canonized by Confucius among his Confucian Chinese classics as a

**model**precedent in principles ...

###### Collaborative pedagogy

Robert J. Johnson makes the

**theoretical**claim that audience awareness is central to technical communication as a practice, but ... Aviva Freedman and Christine Adam view the traditional classroom**model**as detrimental to students/future employees, because the ... Collaborative pedagogy pushes back against the Current-Traditional**model**of writing, as well as other earlier theories ... Print., p.365 - 367 Johnson, Robert J. "Audience Involved: Toward a Participatory**Model**of Writing." College Composition and ...###### Metabolism

These

**models**are now used in network analysis, to classify human diseases into groups that share common proteins or metabolites ...**Theoretical**reconstruction of the stoichiometry of ATP and NADH producing systems". Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. 63 (1): ... Many**models**have been proposed to describe the mechanisms by which novel metabolic pathways evolve. These include the ... An alternative**model**comes from studies that trace the evolution of proteins' structures in metabolic networks, this has ...###### CDC - Mining - **Theoretical** Noise & Propagation **Models** for Through-the-earth - NIOSH

**Theoretical**Noise and Propagation

**Models**for Through-the-earth Communication. Keywords: Communications

**Modeling**Noise Through- ... The rough surface

**model**examines surface effects, the inhomogeneous thin sheet

**model**treat volume effects, and the buried ... It found that the predicted fields more nearly

**model**the measured data than does the homogeneous half-space

**model**. ... All three

**models**predict the possibility of significant conversion from horizontal to vertical magnetic field. A thin sheet ...

###### The Spillover Effects of Water Supply Infrastructure Development: A **Theoretical** **Model** | Asian Development Bank

###### Learning Outcomes | **Theoretical** **Models** of Information and Knowledge Management

describe the major knowledge management

**theoretical****models**. *compare the similarities and differences of the major knowledge ... The Wiig**Model**for Building and Using Knowledge *The Wiig**Model**for Building and Using Knowledge page 2 ... The von Krogh and Roos**Model**of Organizational Epistemology *The von Krogh and Roos**Model**of Organizational Epistemology page 2 ... Complex Adaptive System**Models**of KM *Complex Adaptive System**Models**of KM page 2 ...###### Effects of Smoke-Dust and CO on Controllable Circulatory Ventilation of an Extra-Long Highway Tunnel: **Theoretical** **Model** and...

By calculating the equations of consumed air volume (CAV), diluting smoke-dust and CO, this study deduces the

**theoretical**...**Theoretical****Model**and Calculations. Feng Tian. ,1,2Hai-qiao Wang. ,1Shi-qiang Chen. ,1and Yong-ping Chen. 3 ... J. H. Ryu, H. Y. Yong, and K. Jin, "The jet-fan**model**test for a road tunnel ventilation," Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning ... L. H. Hu, N. K. Fong, L. Z. Yang, W. K. Chow, Y. Z. Li, and R. Huo, "**Modeling**fire-induced smoke spread and carbon monoxide ...###### "Virtuous Leadership: A **Theoretical** **Model** and Research Agenda" by Craig L. Pearce, David A. Waldman et al.

###### British Library EThOS: Development of a **theoretical** **model** and preliminary evaluation of a self-management programme for...

Development of a

**theoretical****model**and preliminary evaluation of a self-management programme for different types of pain in ... This thesis presents a series of studies outlining the development of a**theoretical****model**of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) pain and a ... A literature review of predominant**theoretical****models**in chronic pain, their key constructs, empirical evidence, and treatment ... Study 4: The literature reviews, interviews and survey refined the MS pain**model**. This informed the development of a telephone ...###### STRUCTURE OF THE METAL-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACE - **THEORETICAL** RESULTS FOR SIMPLE-**MODELS** | UBC Chemistry

STRUCTURE OF THE METAL-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACE -

**THEORETICAL**RESULTS FOR SIMPLE-**MODELS**. ... STRUCTURE OF THE METAL-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACE -**THEORETICAL**RESULTS FOR SIMPLE-**MODELS**. ... STRUCTURE OF THE METAL-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACE -**THEORETICAL**RESULTS FOR SIMPLE-**MODELS**... MOLECULAR-SOLVENT**MODEL**, NONSPHERICAL, NUMERICAL-SOLUTION, PARTICLES, QUANTUM-THEORY, UNIFORM PLANAR WALL. ...###### The **model** of ability tracking - **Theoretical** expectations and empirical findings on how educational systems impact on...

The

**model**of ability tracking -**Theoretical**expectations and empirical findings on how educational systems impact on ... 25 - 42 in: Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Sandra Buchholz, Otto Friedrich, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi (Eds.):**Models**of Secondary ... Assimilation, ethnische Schichtung oder selektive Akkulturation? Neuere Theorien der Eingliederung von Migranten und das**Modell**...**Theoretical** **modelling** of the AGN iron line vs. continuum time-lags in the lamp-post geometry | Astronomy & Astrophysics (A&A)

**Theoretical**

**modelling**of the AGN iron line vs. continuum time-lags in the lamp-post geometry. A. Epitropakis1, I. E. Papadakis1 ...

**Theoretical**

**modelling**of time-lags between variations in the Fe Kα emission and the X-ray continuum might shed light on the ... We estimate time-lags as accurately as possible and fit them with

**theoretical**

**models**in the context of the lamp-post geometry. ... a phenomenological

**model**where the time-lags have a power-law dependence on frequency, and a physical

**model**, using the ...

**Theoretical** Studies of Surfaces, Clusters, and the Many-Body Problem Using Semiempirical **Models** - NASA/ADS

###### Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa: A qualitative systematic review and **theoretical** **model**
...

Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa: A qualitative systematic review and

**theoretical****model**. PLoS ... A qualitative systematic review and**theoretical****model**_VoR.pdf - Published Version Download (1MB) , Preview ... Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa: A qualitative systematic review and**theoretical****model**... METHODS: We used thematic synthesis and a grounded theory approach to generate a detailed narrative and**theoretical****model**...###### Validation of **Theoretical** **Models** for Ultrasonic Inspection - TWI

... against experimental data and established

**models**. Member Report 896/2008 ... Validates recent**theoretical****models**of ultrasonic inspections (using both focused and unfocused beams) ... Validation of**Theoretical****Models**for Focused/Phased Array Ultrasonic Inspection. *Validation of**theoretical****models**for focused/ ...**Modelling**Fracture in Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Region**Modelling**Microstructure in C-Mn and Low-alloy Steel Welds**Modelling**...###### Magnetochemistry | Free Full-Text | **Theoretical** Study on Magnetic Interaction in Pyrazole-Bridged Dinuclear Metal Complex:...

Computational

**Models**. On the basis of the reported structures of two complexes 1 and 2 illustrated in Figure 1, we constructed ... All**models**show negative J values even at the optimized structures for the FM states, indicating that the AFM exchange ... The**model**structures were, at first, fully optimized and the optimized geometries were confirmed not to have any imaginary ... 2.**Theoretical**Background. 2.1. Orbital Complementarity and Counter-Complementarity. The concept of the orbital complementarity ...###### Neuropsychological assessment: **theoretical** **models**

TAUB, Anita e CECCHINI, Mario Amore. Neuropsychological assessment:

**theoretical****models**. Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana [online ... this new context it is important to reflect upon the neuropsychological assessment practice as well as the**theoretical****models**... The objective of this brief report is to point out the differences existing between the Traditional**Model**of Assessment, used ...###### Phases of QCD: lattice thermodynamics and a field **theoretical** **model** - arXiv Vanity

In the NJL

**model**, fπ is evaluated using the following equation:. f2π=4m2I(1)Λ(m) where I(1)Λ(m)=−iNc∫d4p(2π)4θ(Λ2−→p 2)(p2−m2+i ... Phases of QCD: lattice thermodynamics and a field**theoretical**model111Work supported in part by BMBF and INFN Claudia Rattia,b ... However, the local SU(Nc) gauge invariance of QCD is now replaced by a global SU(Nc) symmetry in the NJL**model**, so that the ... The current quark mass m0 is fixed from the Gell-Mann, Oakes, Renner (GMOR) relation which is satisfied in the NJL**model**: m2π=− ...###### Empirical Implications of **Theoretical** **Models** (EITM) Summer Institutes | Institute for Social Research

The EITM research approach is based on the premise that attention to the logical relationships between

**theoretical****models**and ... The summer institute on Empirical Implications of**Theoretical****Models**(EITM) facilitates a rigorous and productive dialogue ... between**theoretical**and empirical analysis in political science. ... Empirical Implications of**Theoretical****Models**(EITM) Summer ...**Theoretical** System Administration

However, by basing a study on this idea one also obtains, as a side effect, a

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Laboratory

**modeling**and**theoretical**studies of hydrodynamic motions around a sphere moving in a thermocline Cite ... Title : Laboratory**modeling**and**theoretical**studies of surface wave modulation by a moving sphere Personal Author(s) : ... Title : Laboratory**modeling**and**theoretical**studies of hydrodynamic motions around a sphere moving in a thermocline Personal ... Laboratory**modeling**and**theoretical**studies of surface wave modulation by a moving sphere. ...###### A Rho-based reaction-diffusion system governs cell wall patterning in metaxylem vessels | Scientific Reports

The

**model**predicted that a positive feedback and slow diffusion of ROP11-ROPGEF4 complex were required to generate ROP- ... Mathematical**modelling**showed that ROP-activation cycle generated ROP domains by reaction-diffusion mechanism. ... Several studies combining molecular biology and**theoretical****modelling**have partially revealed the molecular background of ... 4A). Based on these arguments we developed three**models**: (A) Closed-circuit**model**without regulations (p1 = 0, p2 = 0; K7 = K8 ...###### A hybrid **model** for tumor spheroid growth in vitro I: **Theoretical** development and early results<...

A hybrid

**model**for tumor spheroid growth in vitro I:**Theoretical**development and early results. Mathematical**Models**and Methods ... A hybrid**model**for tumor spheroid growth in vitro I:**Theoretical**development and early results. / Yangjin, Kim; Stolarska, ... Yangjin, K., Stolarska, M. A., & Othmer, H. G. (2007). A hybrid**model**for tumor spheroid growth in vitro I:**Theoretical**... Yangjin, Kim ; Stolarska, Magdalena A. ; Othmer, Hans G. / A hybrid**model**for tumor spheroid growth in vitro I :**Theoretical**...###### Beyond The Standard **Model** | Stanford Institute for **Theoretical** Physics

... there is strong evidence that the Standard

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WHO HQ Library catalog

**Modeling**for population, human resources and equity : selected papers from the Arab and International Meeting on

**Modeling**for ... Input-output approaches in global

**modeling**: proceedings of the Fifth IIASA Symposium on Global

**Modeling**, September 26-29, 1977 ... Institutional resource allocation

**models**in higher education / by K. M. Hussain. by Hussain, K. M , Organisation for Economic ... Simulation

**modelling**of environmental problems / edited by François N. Frenkiel and David W. Goodall. by Frenkiel, François N ...

###### Effect of Cross **Theoretical** **Model** of Behaviour Change and Motivation Interview on Self-Management Behaviour. | J Oncol;2022:...

To evaluate the effects of a trans-

**theoretical****model**(TTM) of behavioural change plus motivational interviewing on self- ... Effect of Cross**Theoretical****Model**of Behaviour Change and Motivation Interview on Self-Management Behaviour. ... Effect of Cross**Theoretical****Model**of Behaviour Change and Motivation Interview on Self-Man ... indicating that the**model**performed well as a risk prediction**model**. Conclusion:. TTM + motivational interviewing can help ...###### Author Page for Georges Dionne :: SSRN

A

**Theoretical**Extension of the Consumption-Based CAPM**Model**Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2011 ... Default risk, public firm, structural**model**, reduced form**model**, hybrid**model**, probit**model**, Toronto Stock Exchange, ... Value at Risk, tick-by-tick data, UHF-GARCH**models**, intraday market risk, high-frequency**models**, intraday Monte Carlo ... Basel III, VaR, CVaR, Expected Shortfall, Back-Testing, Parametric**Model**, Non-Parametric**Model**, Mixture of Distributions, Fat- ...###### Monika Borkowska-Panek, M.Sc. | **Theoretical** **Modeling** of Chemical Processes Group

###### Occupational therapy - Wikipedia

An incomplete list of

**theoretical**bases for framing a human and their occupations include the following: Generic modelsEdit. ... Kawa (River)**Model**(Michael Iwama). *Biopsychosocial**models***Engels biopsychosocial**model**takes into account how disease and ... Occupational Performance Process**Model**(OPPM). ***Model**of Human Occupation (MOHO) (Gary Kielhofner and others) *MOHO was first ...**Theoretical**frameworksEdit. A distinguishing facet of occupational therapy is that therapists often espouse the use**theoretical**...###### Mohawk Group Applied Science **Theoretical** **Model** PPLDCLMDL - Big Bob's Flooring Outlet Yuma

###### Gameplay Bricks **Model**, a **Theoretical** Framework to Match Game Mechanics and Cognitive Functions

Thus, we proposed the Gameplay Bricks

**model**as a**theoretical**framework for Video Game (VG) and Serious Games (SG). We jointly ... Gameplay Bricks**Model**, a**Theoretical**Framework to Match Game Mechanics and Cognitive Functions. ... The Gameplay Bricks**model**currently identifies 14 major Metabricks (game mechanics) through seven Metabricks of obligations and ...###### A framework for constructing optimisation **models** to increase the visibility of organizations' information in search engines

**Models**were created, starting with the collection of extensive data for three industries (business, finance, IT). Three search ... flexible and time-resilient framework for constructing optimisation

**models**to increase organic search engine visibility and ...

**Theoretical**background. Information search behaviour. Ensuring visibility of an organizations resources in organic search ... In these cases,

**model**variables need to be changed. Thus, the organization should return to step 7 of the framework and ...

ComputationalAbstractEmpiricalPhenomenologicalCalculationsSystematic reviewMethodologicalQuantificationProceedingsFrameworkFindingsMathematical models1977NoiseCarbonAssessmentDescribePredictiveFundamentalResearchStrategiesLeadershipObjectiveDevelopmentPhysicsAnalysisParticipantsDevelopStudyScopeContentDifferencesStudiesTermsCompareSystemsViewReviewProblemsApplicationObservationGrounded theoryReportProvideMadePsychologicalTimeGoalProposeDataTypesShows

###### Computational6

- ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPLEMENTS FOR DEVELOPING COMPUTATIONAL AND THEORETICAL MODELS IN DRUG ABUSE AND ADDICTION Release Date: January 11, 2001 NOTICE: NOT-DA-01-006 National Institute on Drug Abuse ( http://www.nida.nih.gov ) PURPOSE The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) announces the availability of funds to supplement existing NIDA-supported research projects to develop and incorporate computational and theoretical modeling approaches in ongoing research. (nih.gov)
- It is anticipated that funds would be used to bring state-of-the-art computational and theoretical modeling approaches to the analysis of ongoing research projects. (nih.gov)
- In the practical tutorials, participants will learn the computational methods for image analysis (classical and deep learning), agent-based modeling and topological analysis of spatial cellular networks, including sessions on novel AI-based methods. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
- Provide a clear understanding of state-of-the-art theoretical and computational methods for multiscale modeling of biological systems. (nih.gov)
- Work with the other workgroups to identify problems and then posing them to the theoretical and computational modeling community. (nih.gov)
- Organizing talks, symposia and conferences in the area of theoretical and computational multiscale modeling methods. (nih.gov)

###### Abstract1

- abstract = "The parameter values and assumptions of any economic model are subject to change and error. (edu.au)

###### Empirical2

- A literature review of predominant theoretical models in chronic pain, their key constructs, empirical evidence, and treatment approaches, were shown to have comparable efficacy, and may potentially be relevant to pwMS. (bl.uk)
- In previous work by the author and collaborators, it has been shown how aspects of the average empirical behaviour of systems of computers and users can be modelled using fairly straightforward statistical ideas [5, 6, 7, 8]. (usenix.org)

###### Phenomenological2

- Theoretical studies of phenomenological models of nuclear chr. (iaea.org)
- Using traditional χ 2 minimisation techniques, we then fitted the observed time-lags with two different models: a phenomenological model where the time-lags have a power-law dependence on frequency, and a physical model, using the reverberation time-lags expected in the lamp-post geometry. (aanda.org)

###### Calculations1

- For the first time, accurate first-principles theoretical calculations of the energy lost to heat in silicon, the primary component of solar cells, have been performed. (phys.org)

###### Systematic review1

- Study 1: A systematic review of the literature proposed a cognitive behavioural model of MS pain showing that several psychosocial factors are associated with pain and related disability. (bl.uk)

###### Methodological2

- The integration and further methodological improvements of three models may have important contributions to the understanding of developmental trajectories in their universal, cultural and socio-demographic aspects. (ed.gov)
- This paper is a selective review and overview of theoretical and methodological issues in SA. (edu.au)

###### Quantification1

- There are many possible uses of SA, described here within the categories of decision support, communication, increased understanding or quantification of the system, and model development. (edu.au)

###### Proceedings2

- Input-output approaches in global modeling : proceedings of the Fifth IIASA Symposium on Global Modeling, September 26-29, 1977 / Gerhart Bruckmann, editor. (who.int)
- Modelling techniques and development planning in the Arab Region : proceedings of the regional symposium held in Rabat, Morocco, 25-28 October 1982. (who.int)

###### Framework2

- But they too lack a fully developed theoretical framework that could serve to guide data collection efforts and permit a more effective assessment of (1) the differential prevalence of elder mistreatment by significant social attributes and (2) the causal sequences leading to enhanced risk of elder mistreatment. (nih.gov)
- Here we would like to propose, as a first approximation, a theoretical sketch for the study of elder mistreatment that in our view could help to codify the findings already in hand and to provide a framework within which to organize future research efforts. (nih.gov)

###### Findings3

- This informed the development of a telephone supported hybrid cognitive and contextual behavioural self-management intervention aiming to alleviate the negative impact of pain in MS. Study 5: A case series (n = 7) explored the potential efficacy of the self-management intervention for pwMS with different types of MS pain, showing mixed findings in pain outcomes and psychological process variables from the MS pain model. (bl.uk)
- Our findings are supported by theoretical analysis based on a model of parametrically excited vibrations in liquid-filled elastic cylinders using material parameters of the worm's body reported in the literature. (nature.com)
- Our model of treatment distinguishes quali- these findings have profoundly influenced stra- tatively two treatment outcomes indicated by tegies for therapy (6). (cdc.gov)

###### Mathematical models5

- In the future additional mathematical models will, no doubt, be devised in order to study other issues. (usenix.org)
- Mathematical models provide a means to mutants evolve to drug resistance. (cdc.gov)
- Pancreatic beta-cell mathematical models from our lab are listed below. (nih.gov)
- The mathematical models and papers on this page trace out four decades of work from our lab and other labs building up progressively through iteration of experiment and theory a picture of how pancreatic beta cells generate the oscillations of electrical activity and calcium that regulate insulin secretion. (nih.gov)
- View other models from our lab by subject on our Mathematical Models page . (nih.gov)

###### 19771

- It draws its inspiration from George L. Engels's (1977) challenge to the reigning biomedical model of the time. (nih.gov)

###### Noise2

- This class of models is generalized by modeling transition noise on the same scale in linear state space form. (uni-muenchen.de)
- We show that these models have a linear state space representation with white system and coloured observation noise. (uni-muenchen.de)

###### Carbon4

- Optimal stomatal control models have shown great potential in predicting stomatal behavior and improving carbon cycle modeling. (nih.gov)
- All models take a similar approach to calculate instantaneous carbon gain from stomatal opening (the gain function). (nih.gov)
- Carbon cycle modelling / edited by Bert Bolin. (who.int)
- SCOPE Workshop on Global Carbon Cycle Modelling (1979 : La Jolla, Calif. (who.int)

###### Assessment2

- In this new context it is important to reflect upon the neuropsychological assessment practice as well as the theoretical models used to support such. (bvsalud.org)
- The objective of this brief report is to point out the differences existing between the Traditional Model of Assessment, used mainly to obtain information, vis-a-vis the Therapeutic Assessment as well as their application and indication for use. (bvsalud.org)

###### Describe1

- This paper aims to describe, compare and discuss the theoretical models proposed by Patricia Greenfield, Çigdem Kagitçibasi and Heidi Keller. (ed.gov)

###### Predictive2

- The optimization models with better predictive skills have penalty functions that meet our seven criteria and use fitting parameters that are both few in number and physiology based. (nih.gov)
- We conclude by proposing a new model that has a hydraulics-based penalty function that meets all seven criteria and demonstrates a highly predictive skill against our test datasets. (nih.gov)

###### Fundamental1

- The challenges presented by the sub-picosecond time scales and complex physics were overcome in this fundamental theoretical research, opening new avenues to guide the development of more efficient energy conversion materials. (phys.org)

###### Research5

- Virtuous Leadership: A Theoretical Model and Research Agenda" by Craig L. Pearce, David A. Waldman et al. (unl.edu)
- we specify several important research implications of our theoretical model. (unl.edu)
- Theoretical model for management of nursing research groups. (bvsalud.org)
- To develop a theoretical model for management of research groups in nursing graduate programs. (bvsalud.org)
- FINAL CONSIDERATIONS The theoretical model for management of research groups can serve as a guide for graduate programs in nursing and health for planning the work process and so that they can contribute with research of great impact for society. (bvsalud.org)

###### Strategies2

- Strategies for system administration and for user behaviour may then be formulated and arranged in a matrix allowing the task of administrating a computer system can be described in precise game theoretical terms. (usenix.org)
- These conditions call for management strategies and national and international interactions that result in theoretical, scientific and technological development of the profession. (bvsalud.org)

###### Leadership2

- This type of leadership model entails a leader directing all the duties to the employees and paying close attention to their performance. (essaywriter.org)
- On its model of leadership, the leaders apply pressure to the employees to meet the targets and improve their productivity. (essaywriter.org)

###### Objective1

- For the nonparametric estimation of multivariate finite mixture models with the conditional independence assumption, we propose a new formulation of the objective function in terms of penalised smoothed Kullback-Leibler distance. (elsevier.com)

###### Development1

- This thesis presents a series of studies outlining the development of a theoretical model of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) pain and a preliminary intervention to support pain management for pwMS. (bl.uk)

###### Physics1

- Theoretical modelling of time-lags between variations in the Fe K α emission and the X-ray continuum might shed light on the physics and geometry of the X-ray emitting region in active galaxies (AGN) and X-ray binaries. (aanda.org)

###### Analysis4

- and Wang presented that the ratio of critical velocity of a near-wall fire to that of a central fire was ideally estimated to be 1.26 by theoretical analysis [ 12 , 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Sensitivity analysis (SA), broadly defined, is the investigation of these potential changes and errors and their impacts on conclusions to be drawn from the model. (edu.au)
- We adapted this model for our analysis of classification of bursting mechanisms because it can flexibly produce burst patterns similar to those seen in beta-cells and neurons. (nih.gov)
- This is a simplified bursting model convenient for mathematical analysis. (nih.gov)

###### Participants1

- Data collection was conducted from April to October 2018 and the theoretical sample consisted of 21 participants arranged in three sample groups. (bvsalud.org)

###### Develop1

- An integrative review was carried out to develop a conceptual model to assist hospital nurses in Jordan to understand how health promotion activities can be developed. (who.int)

###### Study2

- By calculating the equations of consumed air volume (CAV), diluting smoke-dust and CO, this study deduces the theoretical dimensionless equations governing the influence of two pollutants' CAV on CCV application. (hindawi.com)
- Study 4: The literature reviews, interviews and survey refined the MS pain model. (bl.uk)

###### Scope1

- Next, two types of quantitative model, describing a computer system interacting with users (possibly via a network), are described and the primitive operations which can be carried out within the scope of the models are identified. (usenix.org)

###### Content1

- oretical model of the ICD content. (nih.gov)

###### Differences1

- To understand the role of qualitative differences in multidrug chemotherapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in virus remission and drug resistance, we designed a mathematical system that models HIV multidrug chemotherapy including uninfected CD4+ T cells, infected CD4+ T cells, and virus populations. (cdc.gov)

###### Studies1

- This has allowed a coarse statistical model of computer systems to be built, which can be used as a backdrop for studies of system administration. (usenix.org)

###### Terms1

- The power-law and reverberation time-lag models can both fit the data well in terms of formal statistical characteristics. (aanda.org)

###### Compare1

- In this review, we compare and evaluate 10 different optimization models in how they quantify the penalty and how well they predict stomatal responses to the environment. (nih.gov)

###### Systems1

- Synergistic Use of Data-based and Hypothesis-based Modeling of Biomedical Dynamic Systems, Vasilis Z. Marmarelis, Ph.D. (nih.gov)

###### View3

- In Engels's view, the narrow biomedical model, with its highly individualistic, clinically centered presumptions, should be expanded to incorporate a multiperson interactional scheme with three sets of interrelated factors: the physiological, the psychological, and the social. (nih.gov)
- The aim of this project is directed towards the validation of the CIVA software and its underlying theoretical formulation against experimental data, with a view to its eventual application to modelling ultrasonic inspection of clad pipes. (twi-global.com)
- Visit GitHub.com to view a list of models by publication citation . (nih.gov)

###### Review2

- At first a review of tree-structured models constructed from a nested partitioning of the observation interval is given. (uni-muenchen.de)
- 1 Members of the Statistics and Dose-Response Modeling Subpanel will participate in other subpanels during the peer review. (nih.gov)

###### Problems1

- Simulation modelling of environmental problems / edited by François N. Frenkiel and David W. Goodall. (who.int)

###### Application1

- In the initial application the model was simple. (nih.gov)

###### Observation1

- This model accounts for the puzzling observation that when islets are reset from active phase to silent phase with a strong electrical impulse, the duration of the induced phase is independent of when the stimulus was applied in the original phase. (nih.gov)

###### Grounded theory1

- METHODS: We used thematic synthesis and a grounded theory approach to generate a detailed narrative and theoretical model reflecting life with HIV in Africa, and how this influences ART adherence and engagement decisions. (ucl.ac.uk)

###### Report1

- Initial validation of the CIVA model as applied to unfocused beams in unclad material was presented in an interim report (Schneider et al, 2005). (twi-global.com)

###### Provide1

- Provide links to existing software related to multiscale modeling methods. (nih.gov)

###### Made1

- Evaluating the reliability of predictions made using environmental transfer models. (who.int)

###### Psychological1

- He proposed a biopsychosocial model explicitly encompassing psychological and social factors in explaining biophysiological conditions, such as disease or aging processes. (nih.gov)

###### Time1

- Three classes of models for time series on acyclic directed graphs are considered. (uni-muenchen.de)

###### Goal1

- Their models have the common goal of understanding the developmental trajectories of self based on dimensions of autonomy and relatedness that are structured according to specific cultural and environmental aspects. (ed.gov)

###### Propose1

- This was the first model to propose that bursting is driven primarily by calcium-dependent inhibition of ATP production in the mitochondria). (nih.gov)

###### Data1

- Validate recent theoretical models of ultrasonic inspections (using both focused and unfocused beams) against experimental data and established models. (twi-global.com)

###### Types1

- The two types of model are referred to as type I (passive) and type II (strategic). (usenix.org)

###### Shows1

- Our model shows how the incremental tax revenues that were previously absorbed only by the government could partly be shared with the investors and operators of the water supply infrastructure. (adb.org)