A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
An ethnic group with shared religious beliefs. Originating in Switzerland in the late 1600s, and first migrating to the mid-Atlantic, they now live throughout Eastern and Mid-Western United States and elsewhere. Communities are usually close-knit and marriage is within the community.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.

Vision: modular analysis--or not? (1/3957)

It has commonly been assumed that the many separate areas of the visual system perform modular analyses, each restricted to a single attribute of the image. A recent paper advocates a radically different approach, where all areas in the hierarchy analyse all attributes of the image to extract perceptually relevant decisions.  (+info)

Development of the physical therapy outpatient satisfaction survey (PTOPS). (2/3957)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purposes of this 3-phase study were (1) to identify the underlying components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and (2) to develop a test that would yield reliable and valid measurements of these components. SUBJECTS: Three samples, consisting of 177, 257, and 173 outpatients from 21 facilities, were used in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: In phase 1, principal component analyses (PCAs), reliability checks, and correlations with social desirability scales were used to reduce a pool of 98 items to 32 items. These analyses identified a 5-component model of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy. The phase 2 PCA, with a revised pool of 48 items, indicated that 4 components rather than 5 components represented the best model and resulted in the 34-item Physical Therapy Outpatient Satisfaction Survey (PTOPS). Factor analyses conducted with phase 2 and phase 3 data supported this conclusion and provided evidence for the internal validity of the PTOPS scores. The 4-component scales were labeled "Enhancers," "Detractors," "Location," and "Cost." Responses from subsamples of phase 3 subjects provided evidence for validity of scores in that the PTOPS components of "Enhancers," "Detractors," and "Cost" appeared to differentiate overtly satisfied patients from overtly dissatisfied patients. "Location" and "Enhancer" scores discriminated subjects with excellent attendance at scheduled physical therapy sessions from those with poor attendance. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: In this study, we identified components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and used them to develop a test that would yield valid and reliable measurements of these components.  (+info)

Hospital restructuring and the changing nature of the physical therapist's role. (3/3957)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify role behavior changes of acute care physical therapists and changes in the organizational and professional context of hospitals following restructuring. METHODS: A Delphi technique, which involved a panel of 100 randomly selected acute care physical therapy managers, was used as the research design for this study. Responses from rounds 1 and 2 were synthesized and organized into exhaustive and mutually exclusive categories for round 3. Data obtained from round 3 were used to develop a comprehensive perspective on the changes that have occurred. RESULTS: Changed role behaviors in patient care and professional interaction, including increased emphasis on evaluation, planning, teaching, supervising, and collaboration, appeared to be extensions of unchanged role behaviors. Reported changes in the structural and professional context of physical therapy services included using critical pathways to guide care, providing services system-wide, and using educational activities and meetings to maintain a sense of community. The importance of professionalism to physical therapists' work was identified and related to specific role behavior changes. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The changing role of physical therapists in acute care hospitals includes an increased emphasis on higher-level skills in patient care and professional interaction and the continuing importance of professionalism.  (+info)

Increasing confidence in vergence as a cue to distance. (4/3957)

Multiple cues contribute to the visual perception of an object's distance from the observer. The manner in which the nervous system combines these various cues is of considerable interest. Although it is accepted that image cues play a significant role in distance perception, controversy exists regarding the use of kinaesthetic information about the eyes' state of convergence. We used a perturbation technique to explore the contribution of vergence to visually based distance estimates as a function of both fixation distance and the availability of retinal information. Our results show that the nervous system increases the weighting given to vergence as (i) fixation distance becomes closer; and (ii) the available retinal image cues decrease. We also identified the presence of a strong contraction bias when distance cues were studied in isolation, but we argue that such biases do not suggest that vergence provides an ineffectual signal for near-space perception.  (+info)

Combinatorial receptor codes for odors. (5/3957)

The discriminatory capacity of the mammalian olfactory system is such that thousands of volatile chemicals are perceived as having distinct odors. Here we used a combination of calcium imaging and single-cell RT-PCR to identify odorant receptors (ORs) for odorants with related structures but varied odors. We found that one OR recognizes multiple odorants and that one odorant is recognized by multiple ORs, but that different odorants are recognized by different combinations of ORs. Thus, the olfactory system uses a combinatorial receptor coding scheme to encode odor identities. Our studies also indicate that slight alterations in an odorant, or a change in its concentration, can change its "code," potentially explaining how such changes can alter perceived odor quality.  (+info)

Health seeking behaviour and the control of sexually transmitted disease. (6/3957)

What people do when they have symptoms or suspicion of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) has major implications for transmission and, consequently, for disease control. Delays in seeking and obtaining diagnosis and treatment can allow for continued transmission and the greater probability of adverse sequelae. An understanding of health seeking behaviour is therefore important if STD control programmes are to be effective. However, taboos and stigma related to sex and STD in most cultures mean that gaining a true picture is difficult and requires considerable cultural sensitivity. At the moment relatively little is known about who people turn to for advice, or about how symptoms are perceived, recognized or related to decisions to seek help. It is argued that such knowledge would assist programme planners in the development of more accessible and effective services, that studies of health seeking behaviour need to include a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, and that studies should include data collection about people who do not present to health care facilities as well as those who do. A pilot protocol for studying STD-related health seeking behaviour in developing countries is briefly presented.  (+info)

Local instrumental variables and latent variable models for identifying and bounding treatment effects. (7/3957)

This paper examines the relationship between various treatment parameters within a latent variable model when the effects of treatment depend on the recipient's observed and unobserved characteristics. We show how this relationship can be used to identify the treatment parameters when they are identified and to bound the parameters when they are not identified.  (+info)

Is integer arithmetic fundamental to mental processing?: the mind's secret arithmetic. (8/3957)

Unlike the ability to acquire our native language, we struggle to learn multiplication and division. It may then come as a surprise that the mental machinery for performing lightning-fast integer arithmetic calculations could be within us all even though it cannot be readily accessed, nor do we have any idea of its primary function. We are led to this provocative hypothesis by analysing the extraordinary skills of autistic savants. In our view such individuals have privileged access to lower levels of information not normally available through introspection.  (+info)

Prospects of the subject approach to the analysis of element base of psychological model for safety of the subject of life The urgency of the research is caused by the ripened necessity of working out the methodological keys disclosing the ways of practical actualization of cholistic human nature, proving practical prospects of synthesis of already existing methodological approaches to understanding the essence and nature of danger and safety. A research objective is an interpretation of the content and prospects of the subject approach to the analysis of psychological model for safety of the subject of life. The object of study is a psychological model for safety of the subject of life. The subject of study is the subject approach as a methodological basis for the analysis of element base of psychological model for safety of the subject of life. The primary goal is to prove explanatory algorithm of the subject approach in deducing the element base of psychological model for safety of the ...
The psychological model of abnormality also stems from ancient Greece. In the second century c.e., the Greek physician Galen described a patient whose symptoms
The biopsychosocial model of medicine, is a way of looking at the mind and body of a patient as two important systems that are interlinked. The biopsychosocial model is also a technical term for the popular concept of the mind-body connection. This is in contrast to the traditional biomedical model of medicine.. The model was proposed by psychiatrist George Engel in a 1977 article in Science. It plays a major role in the Natural Health branch of alternative medicine.. The biopsychosocial model treats the biological, psychological and social issues as systems of the body, similar to the traditional medical systems such as the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.. The biopsychosocial model draws a distinction between the actual pathological processes that cause disease, and the patients perception of their health and the effects on it, called the illness.. Illness and disease do not necessarily run together. A patient may be reasonably well (no sickness), but if they feel unwell thats an ...
Some of these articles will require a subscriptions to the host Journals while others are available as books that can be purchased. Many are in the public domain and we hope they help you with your studies, your professional life or simple enjoyment of great research work.. Pearse, J., Lansley, C.A. Reading Others - A psychological model for making sense of truth and lies. Training Journal, 10 October 2010.. Ekman, P ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Predicting exercise motivation and exercise behavior: A moderated mediation model testing the interaction between perceived exercise variety and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Week 3 Assignment: Change Models Mindi Barker MGT/435 - Organizational Change Mr. George Henson December 9, 2012 In this paper the executive at a high-end
Simplex and nonsimplex models containing personality and perceived environmental variables as predictors of current use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs were compared in this reanalysis of a 1980 study by R. H. Potvin and C. Lee. Contrary to th...
Along with the development of scientific disciplines, namely social sciences, hypothesized relationships become increasingly more complex. Besides the examination of direct effects, researchers are...
Planning a path to a destination, given a number of options and obstacles, is a common task. We suggest a two-component cognitive model that combines retrieval of knowledge about the environment with...
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Asymptotic intervals for indirect effects in structural equations models.
(2012) Teo et al. Journal of Clinical Nursing. Aims and objectives. The main aim of this study is to develop a path model to examine the effect of administrative stressors on nursing work outcomes in a sample of Australian public and non-profit...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We study estimation and inference in cointegrated regression models with multiple structural changes allowing both stationary and integrated regressors. Both pure and partial structural change models are analyzed. We derive the consistency, rate of convergence and the limit distribution of the estimated break fractions. Our technical conditions are considerably less restrictive than those in Bai et al. [Bai, J., Lumsdaine, R.L., Stock, J.H., 1998. Testing for and dating breaks in multivariate time series. Review of Economic Studies 65, 395-432] who considered the single break case in a multi-equations system, and permit a wide class of practically relevant models. Our analysis is, however, restricted to a single equation framework. We show that if the coefficients of the integrated regressors are allowed to change, the estimated break fractions are asymptotically dependent so that confidence intervals need to be constructed jointly. If, however, only the intercept
Stata 12 has just been announced. The software will start shipping by the end of July. A key new feature introduced in the new version is the module for
Phosphorylation of serine 256 suppresses transactivation by FKHR (FOXO1) by multiple mechanisms. Direct and indirect effects on nuclear/cytoplasmic shuttling and DNA binding ...
Jun 16, Summary. Emphasizing causation as a functional relationship between variables that describe objects, Linear Causal Modeling with Structural.
Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and postpartum depression by constructing a path model. The results of this study may help to control the increasing incidence of maternal postpartum depression. The study was based on a sample of mothers from a cross-sectional study which was set up at 4 weeks after a mother had childbirth and was conducted in three streets at Kaifu District of Changsha in Hunan province from January to December 2015. Questionnaires were distributed to subjects who responded to questions concerning factors related to pregnancy, delivery and infants within 4 weeks after childbirth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure postpartum depression. Chi-square test was used to detect significant differences between non-postpartum depression group and postpartum depression group. A path model was
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Many authors have argued that there is a marked lack of a coherent psychological model of bipolar disorder (e.g., Jones, 2001; Scott, 2001a). CBT teaches you to respond to situations with calmer thoughts, such as that your boss may simply want to ask you some questions about your work, which keeps your mood stable. You may have a period where you experience an elevated mood for days or week, followed by a period of weeks where you are severely depressed. People with bipolar disorder and comparatively fewer previous mood episodes may benefit from CBT. Recent research, however, highlights the role of cognitive and psychosocial factors in the development and course of bipolar disorder, and the first treatment manuals were published in recent years, delineating the application of CBT … Some people with bipolar disorder lack certain social skills, which causes them to feel that they arent in control of a certain aspect of their lives. CBT uses a variety of techniques to address symptoms such as ...
The objective of this study was to identify factors derived from psychological models predictive of an evidence-based clinical behaviour, the placing of PFS in six to sixteen year old patients in Scotland. A theory-based questionnaire was developed to assess constructs from six models and applied to the prediction of clinical decision-making based on scenarios (behavioural simulation), as well as dentists intention to place PFS to manage caries in this age group.. Of the six models, only the CS-SRM did not explain a significant proportion of the variance in both behavioural simulation and intention. Only behavioural stage did not account for significant variance in behavioural simulation. The usual approaches to measuring behavioural stage in the literature were used in this study, but a more complex approach may be more informative in terms of the number and the nature of the stages when applied to clinical decision-making in specific situations (as depicted by the scenarios) rather than to a ...
In the context of the increasing interest in our journal, this, the first issue of Computer Science and Information Systems in 2012, is a rare issue in the last several years consisting solely of regular papers from various fields, including personalized recommendation, text representation and mining, query optimization, routing, software maintenance, decision support, software and database modeling, information aggregation, parsing, and e-learning.. The first article, entitled A Personalized Multimedia Contents Recommendation Using a Psychological Model, by Won-Ik Park, Sanggil Kang, and Young-Kuk Kim, tackles the problem of searching and managing large volumes of multimedia content in a mobile device with limited resources by proposing a method for recommending multimedia content in a personal content manager that acts between content providers (servers) and mobile devices, as opposed to the popular server-side recommendation approach.. The following article, Representation of Texts in ...
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Grandma can be quite a peculiar character, and in this hub I want to tell her story through the lens of the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
While business analytics is being increasingly used to gain data-driven insights to support decision making, little research exists regarding the mechanism
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Video created by Johns Hopkins University for the course Diagnosing Health Behaviors for Global Health Programs. In this module you will be introduced to the Health Belief Model as well as the Social Learning Theory, which will allow you to ...
NIZO can plan and complete a customised human study that meets your needs. We have strong expertise in clinical study execution. Get in touch.
I wanted to world between antithesis self rest find ways to strengthen your public statements to fall apart inside me. By the end of chapter sponsor technical paper contests, visit the iie technical societies of the theories, concepts, and empirical findings focuses on risk communication and can explain the interrelationships between people and the annotation. Traditional school organization based on the make and explore models for regression, analysis of data, then, is for a student o ers special teaching problems. What does a couple of years of the novel, so really buddy is exactly what I know, when doing this. You must have must be. By the s, a clear understanding of points computed from the program. Teachers themselves are excessively time consuming for the work is education my tools are the same as during minilessons, shared reading, running records, I could receive into it. His tograms and scatterplots can give you a few minutes to discuss their progress is given to all of this critical ...
Predicting and Changing Behavior (Martin Fishbein; Icek Ajzen) pe OKIAN.ro. Pret: 368.99 lei. Describes the reasoned action approach, an integrative framew
A helper function for htcIdentifyStep, creates an identifier function based on its given parameters. This created identifier function will identify the directed edges from targets to node.
The DALEX package version 1.0 CRAN release is scheduled for Feb 20. It brings lots of improvements and changes. Below I will briefly summarise how this package helps to develop better and safer predictive models. To see code snippets scroll to the end....
This page contains information about the biopsychosocial model of assessment. UPDATED 9-27-2016 http://www.chiro.org/LINKS/Health_Care_Reform.shtml
Objective: There has been considerable debate about the extent to which social cognitive models of health behaviour apply in developing countries. The purpose of this paper was to determine the applicability of the Theory ...
A Structural Equation Model of the Determinants of Health Care in the Surveyed Households in Rural Area of Dharwad District, Karnataka State, India,2012;2(3):245- ...
A Structural Equation Model of the Determinants of Health Care in the Surveyed Households in Rural Area of Dharwad District, Karnataka State, India,2012;2(3):245- ...
This dissertation develops and tests a new individual-level theory specifying the relationship between threat perception and policy preferences. The project takes a unified approach to studying the space of danger-mitigating political behaviors. It is designed to demonstrate that a single psychological model can apply to both citizens and elites and in both domestic and foreign policy issue areas. The first paper develops Threat-Heuristic Theory, a new individual-level model of the psychological processes linking the detection of danger to specific policy preferences for mitigating it. The paper presents a review of the literature in biology and cognitive science regarding evolved systems of threat perception and response, on which the theory draws. The paper demonstrates that the theorys core explanatory variable, threat classification, is not a proxy for other constructs already incorporated into political science. The paper also illustrates that the domain of complex dangers, characterized ...
Many patients in New Zealand dont receive the benefits from their medications due to poor medication behaviour, referred to as medication adherence. Previously, data related to medication adherence has been gathered using questionnaire surveys based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviours. This research study uses big data analytics to conduct a spatial and time series analysis using new and varied sources. It will be based on the HBM and look at patients geographical information and medication history data. It will focus on cardiovascular disease, although it is expected the same findings will be able to be applied to other chronic illnesses.. ...
In rare instances, a person with a highly selective deficit can really make you change the way you think about something. I already mentioned the seminal influences of Marshall and Newcombes (1966) and Warrington and Shallices (1969) studies. Their patients problems were clearly inconsistent with contemporary psychological models of reading and memory. In my own research, the patterns of impairment of face perception following brain injury have led me and colleagues to radically revise our ideas about how facial expressions are recognised (Calder et al., 2001; Calder & Young, 2005). We are not finding the evidence we had expected of a dedicated visual pathway for interpreting all facial expressions. Instead, we are having to take seriously the possibility that current models underestimate the extent to which emotion recognition is an intrinsically multimodal process that involves constantly monitoring the environment for specific types of signal ...
Adolescence is the only age category where the number of females infected with HIV outnumber the number of males. Despite these data, only three randomized controlled trials have evaluated the efficacy of a gender-specific HIV-risk reduction program for adolescent females. The proposed research aims to address this gap in HIV prevention science, and will evaluate the short and longer-term efficacy of a HIV-prevention intervention for adolescent girls. We will recruit 640 adolescent females aged 15 to 19 years from family planning clinics and randomly assign them to one of two conditions: (a) an HIV-risk reduction intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model (Fisher & Fisher, 1992) or (b) a structurally equivalent health promotion control group (CTL) both supplemented by booster sessions at 3 and 6 months. At a short-term (3-month) follow-up, we hypothesize that IMB participants will increase HIV-related knowledge, motivation, and behavioral skills, and decrease ...
Adolescence is the only age category where the number of females infected with HIV outnumber the number of males. Despite these data, only three randomized controlled trials have evaluated the efficacy of a gender-specific HIV-risk reduction program for adolescent females. The proposed research aims to address this gap in HIV prevention science, and will evaluate the short and longer-term efficacy of a HIV-prevention intervention for adolescent girls. We will recruit 640 adolescent females aged 15 to 19 years from family planning clinics and randomly assign them to one of two conditions: (a) an HIV-risk reduction intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model (Fisher & Fisher, 1992) or (b) a structurally equivalent health promotion control group (CTL) both supplemented by booster sessions at 3 and 6 months. At a short-term (3-month) follow-up, we hypothesize that IMB participants will increase HIV-related knowledge, motivation, and behavioral skills, and decrease ...
Process model matching refers to the automatic identification of corresponding activities between two process models. It represents the basis for many advanced process model analysis techniques such as the identification of similar process parts or process model search. A central problem is how to evaluate the performance of process model matching techniques. Often, not even humans can agree on a set of correct correspondences. Current evaluation methods, however, require a binary gold standard, which clearly defines which correspondences are correct. The disadvantage of this evaluation method is that it does not take the true complexity of the matching problem into account and does not fairly assess the capabilities of a matching technique. In this paper, we propose a novel evaluation method for process model matching techniques. In particular, we build on the assessment of multiple annotators to define probabilistic notions of precision and recall. We use the dataset and the results of the Process
TY - BOOK. T1 - Distributed decision making. Cognitive models for cooperative work. A2 - Rasmussen, Jens. A2 - Brehmer, B.. A2 - Leplat, J.. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. KW - Sikkerhed og pålidelighed af tekniske systemer. M3 - Book. SN - 0-471-92828-3. T3 - New technologies and work. BT - Distributed decision making. Cognitive models for cooperative work. PB - Wiley. CY - Chichester. ER - ...
We found strong evidence of a higher likelihood of undergoing colonoscopy for individuals with a family history of Lynch syndrome, but no previous cancer diagnosis, upon learning that they were carriers of a genetic mutation predisposing to colorectal cancer. There was also strong evidence of a lower likelihood of quitting smoking for individuals with a family history of Lynch syndrome, but no previous cancer diagnosis, upon learning that they were noncarriers of a genetic mutation predisposing to colorectal cancer. These empirical findings were consistent with the hypotheses generated from our simple health economics model. They also agreed well with previous studies that reported substitutive effects between genetic endowments and personal health behaviors in economic (38-40) and clinical (16-23) literature. They were also congruent with a previous study that reported modulating effects of previous cancer diagnosis (32). The empirical findings were robust to factors analyzed in subsequent and ...
Health research has been increasingly focused on discovering the mechanisms through which an exposure or intervention affects health outcomes. Social science ha...
One of the perpetual challenges in my career as a modeler of biochemical systems has been the need to balance accuracy with reliability. This paradox is not as strange as it seems. Typically when you build a model you include a lot of approximations supposed to make the modeling process easier; ideally you want a model to be as simple as possible and contain as few parameters as possible. But this strategy does not work all the time since sometimes it turns out that in your drive for simplicity you have left a crucial factor out. So now you include this crucial factor, only to find that the uncertainties in your model go through the roof. Whats happening in such unfortunate cases is that along with including the signal from the previously excluded factors, you have also inevitably included a large amount of noise. This noise can typically result from an incomplete knowledge of the factor, either from calculation or from measurement. Modelers of every stripe thus have to tread a fine balance ...
Multi-dimensional approach has been shown to be effective in management of chronic pain. It usually involves a self management program along with com...
This online repository contains test results in a compact animated format which exhibits qualitative behaviour. There is one web page for each of the eight cognitive models described in a thesis titled A Unified Cognitive Model of Visual Filling-In Based on an Emergic Network Architecture. The supplement contains these results in a frame-by-frame format suitable for quantitative analysis and print publication. The thesis contain extracts from the frame-by-frame account. The supplement additionally contains the parameters that define the computational test subjects and stimuli.. Citation:. Leibovitz, D.P. (2012) A Unified Cognitive Model of Visual Filling-In Based on an Emergic Network Architecture - Animated Test Results. http://emergic.upwize.com/?page_id=26. ...
We argue that even in perfectly frictionless markets risk aversion driven by exchange rate uncertainty may cause a wedge between the domestic and foreign price of a totally homogeneous good. We test our hypothesis using a natural experiment based on a unique micro-data set from a market with minimum imperfections. The empirical findings validate our hypothesis, as accounting for exchange rate uncertainty we are able to explain a substantial proportion of deviations from the law of one price. Overall, our analysis suggests the possibility of a new solution to the purchasing power parity puzzles.. ...
The ability to repeat a study and find the same results twice is a prerequisite for building scientific knowledge. Replication allows us to ensure empirical findings are reliable and refines our understanding of when a finding ...
Before turning to the nature of the replication crisis, let us take a step back to understand the basic idea of science and the gain of knowledge.. When trying to learn something about the world, we establish theories about it. To validate them, we create a research design which allows testing our derived hypotheses. Since we are seldomly able to test our hypothesis on all entities of interest, we fall back to samples of that entities. This is where inferential statistics gets important. Once we have our research question, know how we want to test it and on which data, we need a paradigm to guide our gain of knowledge. Whereas we are not able to prove that a hypothesis is true for all (future) observations (e.g., all swans on the whole world and for all times are white), we can render it false (e.g., if we see a black swan). This principle is called falsificationism. Therefore, all knowledge only reflects our current empirical findings (state of the art).. In order to change the state of the ...
Instructions for Authors Types of papers Research Article: Articles that report novel empirical findings or theoretical developments. Review: Articles that ...
Neuropsychology: is the study of the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviours.
Time and place: Advanced Statistics for Educational Researchers: Analyzing Structural Equation Models and Latent Growth Curves with MPlus Jan. 14, 2021 9:00 AM-Mar. 25, 2021 4:00 PM, Stavanger (UIS) ...
We want to show the name of the process model with <h:outputText value=#{ivy.request.processModel.name}> but the variable is empty.
Everyone is Crunching Data, and Big Data, to render Stats, or better said in real English Statistics are as far as most people understand, some kind of Proof of something, that is /Proved by using Data to Present a Positive or Negative result or effect. The Stats which are used so commonly today, which are made by analysts, read by analysts, and presented to people all over the world who dont even understand how the stats were gathered, in order to convince them of something, that is in principle, Hot Air, or as we say in Spanish Una Fantasma (nothing resembling what it appears to be).This conditions people into believing that opinions or limited data is Fact. This has an indirect effect on our future Evolution as a special, be it social, ethical or genetic, because of how it is influen cing our society and ethics, and how we interpret and deal with things, based on Crunched Data from so called Expert Analysts. A good Example would be to quote Time Magazine about Donals Trumps ...
本研究は,挿絵が文章理解を促進する効果に対して,動機づけを高める効果と精緻化を促進する効果の2つがあるとする認知モデル,2段階モデルを提案した。そして,既存の防災マニュアルを事例として実験を実施し,2つの効果を確認した。実験1(N=34)では,実験参加者に対して,マニュアル中のページを2秒間見ることを求め,その直後に動機づけに関する質問に答えることを求めた。その結果,挿絵がマニュアルの読解に対する動機づけを高めることを示した。実験2(N=23)では,実験参加者に対して10分間でマニュアルを理解することを求め,挿絵が注視され,記憶されていることを明らかにした。さらに,挿絵の記憶が関連するテキストの記憶を促進することを明らかにした。つまり,挿絵が精緻化を促進することを示した。. The present article proposes a cognitive model, called ...
2 Psychological model of the neural processing of visual information *2.1 Ventral-dorsal model ... Psychological model of the neural processing of visual information[edit]. Main article: Two-streams hypothesis ... Ventral-dorsal model[edit]. The dorsal stream (green) and ventral stream (purple) are shown. They originate from primary visual ... Axiomatically[clarification needed] determined functional models of simple cells in V1 have been determined by Lindeberg[14][15 ...
Kimball, Daniel R.; Smith, Troy A.; Kahana, Michael J. (2007). "The fSAM model of false recall". Psychological Review. 114 (4 ... In particular, ACT models memory as a set of related symbolic chunks which may be accessed by retrieval cues. While the model ... A standard model of memory that employs association in this manner is the Search of Associative Memory (SAM) model. Though SAM ... This latency is used in measuring the response time of the ACT model, to compare it to human performance. While ACT is a model ...
Indeed, maxdiff might not be considered an attractive model on psychological and intuitive grounds: as the number of items ... Instead of evaluating all possible pairs (the maxdiff model), they might choose the best from n items, the worst from the ... All of these methods have well developed Thurstonian scaling models as discussed recently in Ennis (2016) which also includes a ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Marley, A. A. J.; Louviere, J. J. (1 December 2005). "Some probabilistic models of best ...
This has been a general theme in the evolution in mathematical modeling of psychological processes: from deterministic ... models Race models Random walk models Renewal models Cascade model Level and change race model Recruitment model SPRT Decision ... model Fast guess model Linear operator model Linear operator model Stochastic learning theory Theory of conjoint measurement ... ISBN 1-55798-654-1. Bush, R. R.; Mosteller, F. (1951). "A mathematical model for simple learning". Psychological Review. 58 (5 ...
6-The Arzesh Competency Model Based on this model, a suitability model should follow the following objectives: 1- Merit 2. ... Psychological Review. 66 (5): 297-333. doi:10.1037/h0040934. PMID 13844397.. ... In this model, first, the characteristics of a competent manager based on studies conducted on various standards and models of ... 4-The Model for selection of competent manager in constructional projects This model is designed based on the special ...
Treisman, A. M. (1969). "Strategies and models of selective attention". Psychological Review. 76 (3): 282-299. doi:10.1037/ ... A criticism of both the original Deutsch & Deutsch model, as well as the revised Deutsch-Norman selection model is that all ... The Deutsch & Deutsch model was later revised by Norman in 1968, who added that the strength of an input was also an important ... Donald Broadbent's filter model is the earliest bottleneck theory of attention and served as a foundation for which Anne ...
... affects both men and women The differences in feelings of jealousy across cultures support the evolutionary psychological model ... The social-cognitive perspective also proposes the transactional model of jealousy, which can be used to explain why there may ... This model examines how three variables - (1) arousability, (2) commitment and, (3) insecurity - moderate jealousy. Individual ... Desteno, D.A; Salovey, P (1996). "Evolutionary origins of sex differences in jealousy? Questioning the "fitness" of the model ...
Bakan, David (1966). "The test of significance in psychological research". Psychological Bulletin. 66 (6): 423-437. doi:10.1037 ... and then use model selection techniques to choose the most appropriate model. The most common selection techniques are based on ... Alternatively two competing models/hypothesis can be compared using Bayes factors. Bayesian methods could be criticized for ... A statistical hypothesis is a hypothesis that is testable on the basis of observed data modelled as the realised values taken ...
Linguistic relativity Neurolinguistics Psychological nativism Second language acquisition Speech perception TRACE model Jodai H ... Computational modelling, such as the DRC model of reading and word recognition proposed by Max Coltheart and colleagues, is ... Other examples of computational modelling are McClelland and Elman's TRACE model of speech perception and Franklin Chang's Dual ... researchers have been able to simulate language acquisition using neural network models. These models provide evidence that ...
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Milner PM (November 1974). "A model for visual shape recognition". Psychological Review. 81 (6): 521-35. doi:10.1037/h0037149. ... the Hindmarsh-Rose model or the capacitor-switch model as an extension of the integrate-and-fire model. Such models only ... Many models are used in the field, each defined at a different level of abstraction and trying to model different aspects of ... They range from models of the short-term behaviour of individual neurons, through models of how the dynamics of neural ...
Nosofsky, R. M.; Palmeri, T. J. (1997). "An exemplar-based random walk model of speeded classification". Psychological Review. ... Diffusion models, such as the decision field theory, can be viewed as stochastic recurrent neural network models, except that ... Thus, diffusion models provide the potential to form a theoretical bridge between neural models of sensory-motor tasks and ... Smith, P. L. (1995). "Psychophysically principled models of visual simple reaction time". Psychological Review. 102 (3): 567- ...
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Additionally, other psychological constructs suggest further limits on how context can affect memory. For example, Johnson et ... Estes, W.K. (1986). "Array models for category learning". Cognitive Psychology. 18 (4): 500-549. doi:10.1016/0010-0285(86)90008 ... Eich, E.; Macaulay, D. (2000). "Are real moods required to reveal mood-congruent and mood dependent memory?". Psychological ... Johnson, M.K.; Hashtroudi, S.; Lindsay, D.S. (1993). "Source Monitoring". Psychological Bulletin. 114 (1): 3-28. doi:10.1037/ ...
Insights from Connectionist Models". Psychological Review. 106 (3): 1. doi:10.1037//0033-295X.106.3.491.CS1 maint: uses authors ... Cross model mapping between the orthographic and phonologic areas in the brain are critical in reading. Thus, the amount of ... A student that struggles with a word is encouraged to use a cueing system (e.g. three-cueing, searchlights model or MSV) to ... The three-cueing system (the searchlights model in England) is a theory that has been circulating since the 1980s but its roots ...
Dhami, Mandeep K. (2003). "Psychological Models of Professional Decision Making". Psychological Science. 14 (2): 175-180. doi: ... Gigerenzer, G.; Goldstein, D. G. (1996). "Reasoning the fast and frugal way: Models of bounded rationality". Psychological ... Goldstein, Daniel G.; Gigerenzer, Gerd (2002). "Models of ecological rationality: The recognition heuristic". Psychological ... These two different research programs have led to two kinds of models of heuristics, formal models and informal ones. Formal ...
Validating the Confluence Model. Psychological Bulletin, 93(3), 457-480. 1984. On the primacy of affect. American Psychologist ... Zajonc, R. B. (1983). "Validating the confluence model". Psychological Bulletin. 93 (3): 457-480. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.93. ... Zajonc, along with Greg Markus, developed the Confluence Model (1975), which provided a mathematical model of the effect of ... The Confluence Model: Parameter Estimation for Six Divergent Data Sets on Family Factors and Intelligence. INTELLIGENCE, 4, 349 ...
Wilson, T.D.; Lindsey, S.; Schooler, T.Y. (2000). "A Model of Dual Attitudes". Psychological Review. 107 (1): 101-126. doi: ... such as the heuristic-systematic model and the elaboration likelihood model. However, Cook and his associates responded by ... The elaboration-likelihood model: Current status and controversies. In: Chaiken S, Trope Y, editors. Dual process theories in ... The sleeper effect is a psychological phenomenon that relates to persuasion. It is a delayed increase of the effect of a ...
Pachur stated that it is an imperfect model but currently it is still the best model to predict people's recognition-based ... Some researchers have used event-related potentials (ERP) to test psychological mechanisms behind the recognition heuristic. ... They tested five compensatory models and found that none could predict judgments better than the simple model of the ... A multinomial processing tree model is a simple statistical model often used in cognitive psychology for categorical data. ...
Mensink, G., G.; Raaijmakers, J.G.W. (1988). "A Model for interference and forgetting". Psychological Review. 95 (4): 434-455. ... Memory retrieval as a model case". Psychological Review. 102 (1): 68-100. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.102.1.68. PMID 7878163. Bajo, M ... Other models of interference have been proposed that more precisely define the idea of an item's strength in memory through ... Such models may explain why certain strengthening methods predict RIF and others do not. Generally speaking, inhibition theory ...
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Slade, Peter D. (1994). "Models of hallucination: from theory to practice". In David, Anthony S.; Cutting, John C. (eds.). The ... Hove, East Sussex New York, New York: Routledge for The International Society for the Psychological Treatments of the ... The Hearing Voices Movement disavows the medical model of disability and disapproves of the practises of mental health services ... Hove, East Sussex New York, New York: Routledge for The International Society for the Psychological Treatments of the ...
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Psychological Methods. 7 (1): 83-104. doi:10.1037/1082-989x.7.1.83. PMC 2819363. PMID 11928892. "Testing of Mediation Models in ... 1) Confounding: Another model that is often tested is one in which competing variables in the model are alternative potential ... Assume the model takes the form X = ε 1 M = b 0 + b 1 X + ε 2 Y = c 0 + c 1 X + c 2 M + c 3 X M + ε 3 {\displaystyle {\begin{ ... There are five possible models of moderated mediation, as illustrated in the diagrams below. In the first model the independent ...
Rapoport, Anatol (1963). "Mathematical models of social interaction". In Galanter, R. A.; Lace, R. R.; Bush, E. (eds.). ... Cartwright, D.; Harary, Frank (1956). "Structural balance: a generalization of Heider's theory" (PDF). Psychological Review. 63 ... Using exponential random graph models to investigate adolescent social networks". Demography. 46 (1): 103-25. doi:10.1353/dem. ...
Furthermore, these computational models frame hypotheses that can be directly tested by biological or psychological experiments ... Single-neuron modeling[edit]. Main article: Biological neuron models. Even single neurons have complex biophysical ... Earlier models of memory are primarily based on the postulates of Hebbian learning. Biologically relevant models such as ... Lapicque introduced the integrate and fire model of the neuron in a seminal article published in 1907.[16] This model is still ...
Modell 1984: 145-157 *^ a b Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science:A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO, Inc. ISBN ... the psychological effects on her childhood were profound, for "in one stroke she [Ruth] experienced the loss of the two most ... Modell, Judith Schachter. 1983. Ruth Benedict: Patterns of a Life. University of Pennsylvania Press. ...
Any treatment - whether conventional or alternative - that has a biological or psychological effect on a patient may also have ... and an incorrect model of the anatomy and physiology of internal organs.[8][59][60][61][62][63] ... Authors have speculated on the socio-cultural and psychological reasons for the appeal of alternative medicines among the ... In addition to the social-cultural underpinnings of the popularity of alternative medicine, there are several psychological ...
neurological, psychological and other mental health outcomes. *Pregnancy. *Non-COVID-19-related health issues ...
... since more sophisticated models of the scanner Physics can be incorporated into the likelihood model than those used by ... Neuropsychology / Cognitive neuroscience: To examine links between specific psychological processes or disorders and brain ... Vardi, Y.; L. A. Shepp; L. Kaufman (1985). "A statistical model for positron emission tomography". Journal of the American ... can be incorporated into the likelihood model being used in the reconstruction, allowing for additional noise reduction. ...
psychological dependence - dependence that involves emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and anhedonia) ... Volkow ND, Koob GF, McLellan AT (January 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction". N. Engl. J ... Thus, kindling has been suggested as a model for temporal lobe epilepsy in humans, where stimulation of a repetitive type ( ... Sensitization may also contribute to psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, panic anxiety and mood ...
Main articles: Mandala (political model), Greater India, and Indosphere. The Rajamandala (or Raja-mandala; circle of states) ... Western psychological interpretationsEdit. According to art therapist and mental health counselor Susanne F. Fincher, we owe ... This mandala is generally structured according to the model of the universe as taught in a Buddhist classic text the Abhidharma ... but it originally meant to represent wholeness and a model for the organizational structure of life itself, a cosmic diagram ...
von Eye, A. (2005). "Review of Cliff and Keats, Ordinal measurement in the behavioral sciences". Applied Psychological ... Rasch, G. (1960). Probabilistic models for some intelligence and attainment tests. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Educational ... Most psychological data collected by psychometric instruments and tests, measuring cognitive and other abilities, are ordinal, ... Michell, J. (1986). "Measurement scales and statistics: a clash of paradigms". Psychological Bulletin. 100 (3): 398-407. doi: ...
Tests of moving-spotlight models versus an activity-distribution model". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception ... Psychological Science. 17 (4): 271-272. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01696.x. PMID 16623680.. ... Psychological Review. 101 (1): 80-102. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.101.1.80. PMID 8121961.. ...
... though most analysts resist the model that technology simply is a result of scientific research.[19][20] ... that the inevitable result of such a society is to become evermore technological at the cost of freedom and psychological ...
The psychological sequelae of therapeutic abortion--denied and completed. PMID 2018157.. *↑ Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Ridder EM ... but the parallelism between the DMBA-induced rat mammary carcinoma model and the human situation is striking. …Abortion would ... Psychological problems[change , change source]. Few studies have been done to see if an abortion affects the woman ... the study later told media that given these results it would be very hard to say that having an abortion has no psychological ...
Mark D Fairchild, Color Appearance Models. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1998. *^ a b Gaurav Sharma (2003). Digital Color ... Psychological color balance[edit]. Humans relate to flesh tones more critically than other colors. Trees, grass and sky can all ... It has long been known that if the space of illuminants can be described as a linear model with N basis terms, the proper color ... Viggiano found that white balancing in the camera's native RGB color model tended to produce less color inconstancy (i.e., less ...
The requirement of a history of psychological stressors and that the symptom is not fake was removed as well.[30] ... "A review of functional neurological symptom disorder etiology and the integrated etiological summary model". Journal of ... and given that a psychological cause cannot be identified in many cases, they may be more appropriate. Within DSM 5, patients ... where seizures are caused by psychological reasons) and malingering (simulating seizures intentionally for conscious personal ...
McGraw, K.O.; Wong, J.J. (1992). "A common language effect size statistic". Psychological Bulletin. 111 (2): 361-365. doi: ... Regression model validation. *Mixed effects models. *Simultaneous equations models. *Multivariate adaptive regression splines ( ...
Current Directions in Psychological Science. 15 (1): 24-28. doi:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2006.00400.x.. ... of neuroimaging studies on younger children have provided data that appears to fit specific predictions made by Johnson's model ...
2002) proposed a model of mental toughness, conceptualising it more like a personality trait. Their model has four components: ... 2002) was to combine existing psychological theory and applied sport psychology in an attempt to bridge the gap between ... One of the few published studies that takes mental toughness out of the sporting domain is based on the 4 'C's model. In this ... Many sports focussed studies have employed the Clough model of mental toughness. They have, using samples of athletes, shown a ...
Atwater was contrasting this with Ronald Reagan's campaign, which he felt "was devoid of any kind of racism, any kind of reference." However, others like U.S. law professor and author of the 2014 book Dog Whistle Politics Ian Haney-López described Reagan as "blowing a dog whistle" when the candidate told stories about "Cadillac-driving 'welfare queens' and 'strapping young bucks' buying T-bone steaks with food stamps" while he was campaigning for the presidency.[24][25][26] He argues that such rhetoric pushes middle-class white Americans to vote against their economic self-interest in order to punish "undeserving minorities" who, they believe, are receiving too much public assistance at their expense. According to López, conservative middle-class whites, convinced by powerful economic interests that minorities are the enemy, supported politicians who promised to curb illegal immigration and crack down on crime but inadvertently also voted for policies that favor the extremely rich, such as ...
... to in vivo models of cancer and in 2005 reported a long-term survival benefit in an experimental brain tumor animal model.[62][ ... and even psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety.[16] ...
Outside physical and psychological dangers lies fear of the law. Many girls and women are illegally trafficked across borders. ... Still available, with emphasis on use of Third World youths as models; periodic inroads into traffic by foreign police and U.S ... Transient identities and locations of pornographers, rapid turnover in children used as models, and parental release forms.. ... and psychological deterioration. Research has shown that "fifty to ninety percent of children in brothels in Southeast Asia are ...
... named the model of hierarchical complexity (MHC). The model assesses a single measure of difficulty of inferred tasks across ... Fischer, K. W., & Bidell, T. R. (1998). Dynamic development of psychological structures in action and thought. In R. M. Lerner ... a b c Demetriou, A., Mouyi, A., & Spanoudis, G. (2008). Modeling the structure and development of g. Intelligence, 5, 437-454. ... Van Geert assumed that the basic growth model is the so-called "logistic growth model", which suggests that the development of ...
... model and psychological well-being. Work & Stress, 24, 1-35. doi:10.1080/02678371003683747 ... Job demands-resources model[edit]. An alternative model, the job demands-resources (JD-R) model,[63] grew out of the DCS model ... Demand-control-support model[edit]. The most influential model in OHP research has been the original demand-control model.[1] ... Effort-reward imbalance model[edit]. After the DCS model, the, perhaps, second most influential model in OHP research has been ...
The initial doses of premazepam given to human test subjects demonstrated similar psychological test results to those produced ... 3D model (JSmol). *Interactive image. SMILES. *. Cc1c2c(cn1C)NC(=O)CN=C2c3ccccc3 ...
Kamin, Leon J (1980). "Inbreeding depression and IQ". Psychological Bulletin. 87 (3): 469-478. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.87.3.469. ... The inbreeding guarantees a consistent and uniform animal model for experimental purposes and enables genetic studies in ... allowing for these offspring to serve as animal models for genetic studies.[61] The use of inbred strains is also important for ... genetic studies in animal models, for example to distinguish genetic from environmental effects. The mice that are inbred ...
They come in a variety of forms, from road and track racing models to off-road types modelled after mountain bikes. While ... raising self-esteem and psychological well-being, heightening social status, extending access, relief of pressure, reduction of ... On most models the outer, smaller rim, is connected to the wheel on the opposite side by an inner concentric axle. When both ... Many rigid models are now made with ultralight materials such as aircraft-grade aluminium and titanium, and wheelchairs of ...
... cultural and psychological determinism feed the development of compatibilist models. Separate classes of compatibilism and ... Compatibilist models adhere to models of mind in which mental activity (such as deliberation) can be reduced to physical ... Psychological Review. 107. *Schopenhauer, Arthur (1839). On the Freedom of the Will., Oxford: Basil Blackwell ISBN 0-631-14552- ... "Psychological Science. 19 (1): 49-54. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02045.x. PMID 18181791. Retrieved 2011-04-29.. ...
A number of treatments for bereavement have been used and evaluated, but music therapy models have been found to be the most ... Music interventions may have positive effects on psychological and physical outcomes in people with cancer.[51] A 2016 meta- ... Bradt, Joke; Dileo, Cheryl; Magill, Lucanne; Teague, Aaron (August 15, 2016). "Music interventions for improving psychological ... psychological diagnoses (anxiety, depression, PTSD), autism spectrum disorder, and more.[108] ...
... is a short term incentive to initiate trial or purchase. Sales promotion is one of the elements of the promotional mix. The primary elements in the promotional mix are advertising, personal selling, direct marketing and publicity/public relations. Sales promotion uses both media and non-media marketing communications for a pre-determined, limited time to increase consumer demand, stimulate market demand or improve product availability. Examples include contests, coupons, freebies, loss leaders, point of purchase displays, premiums, prizes, product samples, and rebates. Sales promotions can be directed at either the customer, sales staff, or distribution channel members (such as retailers). Sales promotions targeted at the consumer are called consumer sales promotions. Sales promotions targeted at retailers and wholesale are called trade sales promotions. Sales promotion includes several communications activities that attempt to provide added value or incentives to consumers, ...
Imagination: A Psychological Critique / L'imagination (1936). *The Transcendence of the Ego / La transcendance de l'égo (1937) ... who had provided the model of littérature engagée for Sartre's generation). Literature, Sartre concluded, functioned ultimately ... Also important is Sartre's analysis of psychological concepts, including his suggestion that consciousness exists as something ... " ["Image in Psychological Life: Role and Nature"] was supervised by Henri Delacroix.)[2] It was at ENS that Sartre began his ...
Bandura, A. (1971) "Psychological Modelling".New York: Lieber-Antherton *^ Schacter, Gilbert, & Wegner, D. L., D.T., & D. M. ( ... and imitates are actions that models display and display modeling, even though the model may not intentionally try to instill a ... Peer model influences[edit]. Observational learning is very beneficial when there are positive, reinforcing peer models ... 1998). Observational Learning and the Fearful Child: Influence of Peer Models on Swimming Skill Performance and Psychological ...
Sen, Indra (1986) Integral Psychology: The Psychological System of Sri Aurobindo, Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Ashram ... Sri Aurobindo's model of Being and Evolution[36][37] Levels of Being Development ... For Sri Aurobindo intuition comes under the realms of knowledge by identity; he describes the psychological plane in humans ( ... It is more psychological in nature, with internal reflection and self-analysis and correction as main tools of development . ...
... the reformulation of the construct of psychological space by bringing together in one volume a sampling of theoretical models ... Models of Psychological Space begins the reformulation of the construct of psychological space by bringing together in one ... Models of Psychological Space provides an overview of a significant construct which has many researchable ideas, and which ... volume a sampling of theoretical models from the psychometric, developmental, and experimental approaches. The author also ...
Psychological explanation Models Mechanisms Cognition Realization This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Psychological capacities are often understood by providing cognitive models of the systems that underlie them. I argue that ... Love B. C., Medin D. L., Gureckis T. M. (2004) SUSTAIN: A network model of category learning. Psychological Review 111: 309-332 ... Kruschke J. K. (1992) ALCOVE: An exemplar-based connectionist model of category learning. Psychological Review 99: 22-44 ...
Diffusion of innovations Transtheoretical model Funk, D. C. & James, J. D. (2001). "The psychological continuum model: A ... The psychological continuum model (PCM) is a framework to organise prior literature from various academic disciplines to ... The psychological connection towards a sport, event, team or leisure hobby strengthens. Internal processes become more ... The overall evaluation of an object at a specific stage is the product of the processing of personal, psychological and ...
... generalized context model of categorization and G. D. Logan's (1988) instance-based model of automaticity. In the model, ... An exemplar-based random walk model of speeded classification by Robert M. Nosofsky, Thomas J. Palmeri - Psychological Review ... A comparison of sequential sampling models for two-choice reaction time by Roger Ratcliff, Philip L. Smith - Psychological ... Stochastic modeling of elementary psychological processes. Cambridge: (1983) by J T Townsend, F G Ashby ...
parental loss, bullying, abuse and neglect in childhood, poverty, etc) and can be understood using psychological models ranging ... Models of Madness is divided into three sections: Section One provides a history of madness, including examples of violence ... Models of Madness will be essential reading for all involved in mental health, including service users, family members, service ... are best understood as reactions to adverse life events and that psychological and social approaches to helping are more ...
We developed a simulated vehicle exhaust exposure model in rats. The model used a simulated mixture of vehicle exhaust that ... Though respiratory and cardiovascular effects of these emissions are well identified, psychological and neurobiological ... Salvi, A., Patki, G., Liu, H. et al. Psychological Impact of Vehicle Exhaust Exposure: Insights from an Animal Model. Sci Rep 7 ... Psychological Impact of Vehicle Exhaust Exposure: Insights from an Animal Model. *Ankita Salvi1. , ...
Models of Madness shows that hallucinations and delusions are understandable reactions to life events and circumstances rather ... Models of Madness. Psychological, Social and Biological Approaches to Schizophrenia, 1st Edition. ... "Models of Madness is a considerable achievement. The authority and accessibility of its robust arguments will make it a popular ... Models of Madness promotes a more humane and effective response to treating severely distressed people that will prove ...
Run All the Models! Dealing With Data Analytic Flexibility. Run All the Models! Dealing With Data Analytic Flexibility. Julia M ... Psychological Scientists Recognized With NSF Early-Career Awards The National Science Foundation (NSF), one of the premier ... Psychological science, 22, 1359-1366.. Wagner, G. G., Frick, J. R., & Schupp, J. (2007). The German socio-economic panel study ... We ran all of these models.2 As you can estimated effects. You can see such a curve for the outcome variable "positive ...
After all.70 Psychological Contact Chapter 3 Crisis Intervention Model and Psychological First Aid him. At no point. not ... using the principles of psychological first aid.74 Chapter 3 Crisis Intervention Model and Psychological First Aid for use in ... 52 Chapter 3 Crisis Intervention Model and Psychological First Aid Psychological First Aid with Clients Under the Influence of ... Crisis Intervention Model and Psychological First Aid. Uploaded by. lixal5910. Capítulo en el que se describe un modelo ...
... application to models of anxiety and depression - Volume 43 Issue 11 - B. Vervliet, F. Raes ... Experimental psychopathology (EPP) also uses behavioral models to study the psychological processes that underlie abnormal ... Psychological Medicine 39, 219-228.. Lissek, S, Powers, AS, McClure, EB, Phelps, EA, Woldehawariat, G, Grillon, C, Pine, DS ( ... In Psychopathology: Experimental Models (ed. Maser, J. and Seligman, M.), pp. 1-26. W. H. Freeman and Co.: San Francisco. ...
The Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being is a theory developed by Carol Ryff which determines six factors which ... Carol Ryffs Model of Psychological Well-being The Six Criteria of Well-Being Diener, Ed (1994). "Assessing subjective well- ... The Six Criteria of Well-Being Tricia A. Seifert, The Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being Ryffs Psychological Well-Being ... Childhood traumatic experiences diminish psychological well-being throughout adult life, and can damage psychological ...
Testing a Psychological Model of Political Trust: 10.4018/IJSEUS.2020070101: The article examined the predictors of political ... "Testing a Psychological Model of Political Trust," International Journal of Smart Education and Urban Society (IJSEUS) 11 (2020 ... "Testing a Psychological Model of Political Trust." IJSEUS 11.3 (2020): 1-10. Web. 12 Aug. 2020. doi:10.4018/IJSEUS.2020070101 ... Testing a Psychological Model of Political Trust. Viktorija Gaina (University of Latvia, Latvia), Girts Dimdins (University of ...
... physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors -- decreases the likelihood of serious illness after ... The Critical Care Recovery Center care model -- the nations first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive ... New care model enhances psychological, cognitive and physical recovery of ICU survivors. Indiana University ... New care model enhances psychological, cognitive and physical recovery of ICU survivors ...
... testing simplifications in attractor models. In: Cognitive Processing 21 (2020), Nr. 2, S. 303-313. ...
According to this model, tension experiences originate from states of conflict, instability, dissonance, or uncertainty that ... According to this model, tension experiences originate from states of conflict, instability, dissonance, or uncertainty that ... However, the psychological underpinnings of tension experiences remain largely unexplained, and tension and suspense are rarely ... The model provides a theoretical framework that can inform future empirical research on tension phenomena. ...
... and psychological perspective, different memory models that are currently widespread in the literature as well as to describe ... We believe it is important to consider previous developments without which one cannot adequately understand the kinds of models ... We believe it is important to consider previous developments without which one cannot adequately understand the kinds of models ... different memory models that are currently widespread in the literature as well as to describe their origins. ...
We consider saturated incidence rate and psychological effect in the model. The stability results for each model that is birds ... The local and global dynamics for the disease free case of each model is proven when the basic reproduction number ,inline- ... We proposed two models, one for birds and the other one for human. ... the local and global stability of each model is investigated in the case when ,inline-formula,,tex-math id=M3,\begin{document ...
Psychological approach to sexually dysfunctional men: a model. [Portuguese]. Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia, 42(2):57 --62. ... You are here: Home / Test Division / Reference Database / 1990 to 1999 / 1990 / Psychological approach to sexually ...
Maslachs three-component model of burnout remains the most frequently employed conceptualization and measure in clergy ... Maslach proposes a sequential model of burnout. An alternative approach has been offered by the Francis Burnout Inventory that ... Francis proposes a balanced affect model of burnout according to which negative affect (emotional exhaustion) is offset by ... This study draws on data provided by around 658 clergy serving in the Church of England to test this balanced affect model. ...
Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: a seven-tiered model of service delivery. ... Seven-tiered model of management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) ... We propose a seven-tiered model to assist in planning services for managing people with BPSD (see Box). This model divides ... Our model provides the basis for comprehensive planning of service delivery. We believe that it is representative of the ...
As an extension of this framework, this study considers a piecewise linear-linear latent growth mixture model (LGMM) for ... of this article is to illustrate the practical utility of piecewise linear-linear LGMM and then to demonstrate how this model ... Latent growth curve models with piecewise functions are flexible and useful analytic models for investigating individual ... Latent growth curve models with piecewise functions are flexible and useful analytic models for investigating individual ...
... September 28, 2020 Health ... September 28, 2020 ] Good News About Psychological Well being Problems, Psychological Sickness And The Recovery Model Health ... Good News About Psychological Well being Problems, Psychological Sickness And The Recovery Model ... Article Comments Off on Good News About Psychological Well being Problems, Psychological Sickness And The Recovery Model ...
Special interest lies in extending the linear logistic test model, which is commonly used to measure item attributes, to tests ... it is critical for linear logistic test models. To achieve the marginal property, we implement an iterative estimation method, ... The article proposes a family of item-response models that allow the separate and independent specification of three orthogonal ... Special interest lies in extending the linear logistic test model, which is commonly used to measure item attributes, to tests ...
Base Your Answer on Psychological Theories and Models Introduced in Class. Aggression is necessa... ... Base Your Answer on Psychological Theories and Models Introduced in Class. What Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and ... Base your answer on psychological theories and models introduced in class. 2646 words In this essay I will discuss the ... Base Your Answer On Psychological Theories And Models Introduced In Class. 2801 words - 12 pages ...
Funded PhD Opportunity Socialisation and psychological wellbeing: Modelling change in social network size and quality and ... develop latent models that accurately represent the dimensional structure and change in psychological wellbeing in childhood ... develop latent variable models capable of capturing change in social network size and quality in childhood and adulthood (ii) ... and adulthood and (iii) evaluate the impact of social network size, quality and change on child and adult psychological and ...
... in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use ... in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use ... Model selection and psychological theory: a discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and ... When the true model is not in the candidate model set the AIC is efficient, in that it will asymptotically choose whichever ...
The use of Linear Mixed-effects Models (LMMs) is set to dominate statistical analyses in psychological science and may become ... Meteyard, Lotte and Davies, Robert (2020) Best practice guidance for linear mixed-effects models in psychological science. ... It is the authors intention that the paper supports a step-change in the reporting of LMMs across the psychological sciences, ... The review of papers complements the survey, showing variation in how the models are built, how effects are evaluated and, most ...
... of any model is not whether the model is right or wrong but how wrong the model is. In the present case, the model could be ... the model fails to accurately account for, in terms of the model itself, one or more psychological concepts related to the Self ... Thus, any particular model should be coherent with other related models. The present model draws on constructs from existing ... However, the particular type of model we propose is a descriptive-theoretical model - thus also distinguishing our model from ...
Insight Psychological is committed to furthering education in the field of psychology. ... Ultimately, the MAPP model allows for more of an open model related to action and power exchange on a continuum grid of giving ... The model. The MAPP, see Figure 1 (and expanded Figure 5 with labels), is an action and power classification model that can be ... Finally, this model is meant to create an opening for new research and discussions in this area. Given this new model, I ...
Applied Psychological Measurement" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of ... An R Package for Generalized Linear Mixed Models With Factor Structures, ... latent variable models, MIRT, multilevel models, hierarchi- cal models Description The R (R Core Team, 2017) package PLmixed ( ... latent variable models, MIRT, multilevel models, hierarchi- cal models Description The R (R Core Team, 2017) package PLmixed ( ...
  • In a 2017 study published in Psychological Science , Boris Egloff, Stefan Schmukle, and I tried to tease apart these conflicting findings, examining a literature that one of our reviewers described as "a complete mess. (psychologicalscience.org)
  • F. B. Agusto , S. Bewick and W. F. Fagan , Mathematical model of Zika virus with vertical transmission, Infectious Disease Modelling , 2 (2017), 244-267. (aimsciences.org)
  • B. S. T. Alkahtani , I. Koca and A. Atangana , Analysis of a new model of H1N1 spread: Model obtained via Mittag-Leffler function, Advances in Mechanical Engineering , 9 (2017), 1-8. (aimsciences.org)
  • Pearson's correlations were calculated for aim 1, and structural equation modeling was conducted to address aim 2. (springermedizin.de)
  • Structural equation modeling was used to construct a model to predict medication adherence behaviors. (scielosp.org)
  • Structural equation modeling has confirmed the direct effect that personality (decision-making and tolerance of frustration) has on motives to behave, or act accordingly, which was in turn directly related to medication adherence behaviors. (scielosp.org)
  • An integrative model of fibromyalgia severity was tested by using structural equation modelling. (uu.nl)
  • In the causal modeling literature, which is basically compatible with the so-called structural equation modeling in econometrics, equation systems are constructed so as to represent as well as possible a presumed real-world situation, given whatever limitations have been imposed in terms of omitted variables that produce unknown biases, possibly incorrect functional forms for one's equations, measurement errors, or in general what are termed specification errors in the equations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The model is able to account for most of what is known about structural priming in adult speakers, as well as key findings in preferential looking and elicited production studies of language acquisition. (psu.edu)
  • The research method was descriptive and of structural equation modeling. (magiran.com)
  • For data analysis, structural equation modeling was used. (magiran.com)
  • In this paper Delphi technique and Interpretive structural modelling approach have been employed to model the identified factors. (igi-global.com)
  • Here, we examined vehicle exhaust-induced behavioral and cognitive alterations in rats using a simulated vehicle exhaust exposure (SVEE) model. (nature.com)
  • This is the first systematic study to utilize a unique and a highly innovative animal model, and comprehensively test the impact of vehicle exhaust exposure on behavioral and learning-memory functions in rats. (nature.com)
  • Following exposure, behavioral and learning-memory function analysis was performed to determine the psychological impact of vehicle exhaust on rats. (nature.com)
  • Experimental psychopathology (EPP) also uses behavioral models to study the psychological processes that underlie abnormal behavior. (cambridge.org)
  • We conclude that combined evaluations of predictive, diagnostic and construct validity provide a sound basis to infer the external validity of behavioral models in EPP research. (cambridge.org)
  • Skrondal & Rabe-Hesketh, 2004), which subsumes common models used within social and behavioral science research, such as factor analysis models, item response theory (IRT) models, and multilevel models. (deepdyve.com)
  • For example, the motivational interviewing technique is based on this model of change, which is a popular technique that therapists use to encourage and facilitate clients to move through the different stages of change to achieve successful behavioral changes. (hubpages.com)
  • Behavioral experiments and a connectionist model were used to explore the use of featural representations i the computation of word meaning. (psu.edu)
  • The Rescorla-Wagner model of associative learning has guided research in behavioral and neural sciences for several decades. (pnas.org)
  • Despite its fundamental importance to behavioral sciences, the neural mechanisms underlying the model have not been fully explored. (pnas.org)
  • The model successfully predicted several behavioral phenomena ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Moreover, in contrast to the Hebbian model, it is a prime example of an error correction process in which behavioral changes result from violation of expectations ( 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • What is the cognitive-behavioral model of depression? (medscape.com)
  • Cognitive-behavioral models of depression suggest that the presence of negative life events in addition to one's perception of or reaction to those events may impact the development and maintenance of depressive symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • Psychological capacities are often understood by providing cognitive models of the systems that underlie them. (springer.com)
  • I describe these techniques and show that despite being non-mechanistic, these cognitive models can satisfy the normative constraints on good explanations. (springer.com)
  • INDIANAPOLIS -- The Critical Care Recovery Center care model -- the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors -- decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University schools of medicine and nursing. (eurekalert.org)
  • The American Journal of Nursing paper concludes: "We believe that in tackling the significant burden of post critical illness physical, psychological, and cognitive morbidity, the CCRC presents a bold and innovative step to modify these PICS symptoms and to improve ICU survivors' quality of life. (eurekalert.org)
  • This work confirms that synthetic modeling has nowadays reached the maturity to contribute significantly to the ongoing debate in cognitive science. (pnas.org)
  • Cognitive models of depression posit that negative cognitions and underlying all-or-nothing schemata contribute to and perpetuate depressed mood. (medscape.com)
  • [ 28 ] More specifically, cognitive vulnerability-stress models suggest that, in the face of negative life events, individuals who have a tendency to make negative attributions about the causes of those events, about themselves, and about future consequences (in line with the hopelessness theory of depression) may be more likely to develop depression. (medscape.com)
  • The model provides a theoretical framework that can inform future empirical research on tension phenomena. (frontiersin.org)
  • Valle, 1998), and combines these perspectives with a model-based approach that is common in psychology and which forms the basis of psychometric modelling and empirical investigation. (metanexus.net)
  • One may accept the fact that, strictly speaking, one is always dealing with causal models of real-world processes and that one's inferences concerning the adequacy of such models must inevitably be based on a combination of empirical evidence and untested assumptions , some of which are about underlying causal processes that can never be subject to empirical verification. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Section 2 will present the Factual Enlightenment Model, which shows how persuasive empirical proof can indeed generate societal consensus on a disputed issue. (ssrn.com)
  • And finally, in section, we develop a Breakthrough Politics Model, which shows how persuasive empirical proof can dispel culturally influenced states of false belief once policy options are invested with social meanings that make them compatible with diverse cultural orientations. (ssrn.com)
  • The objective of this paper is to develop a clear theoretical model, based on relevant empirical literature, that can guide research into human support components of eHealth interventions. (jmir.org)
  • Models of Madness shows that hallucinations and delusions are understandable reactions to life events and circumstances rather than symptoms of a supposed genetic predisposition or biological disturbance. (routledge.com)
  • Essential reading for all those involved with the mental health system, this book is apowerful, scholarly, up-to-date critique of biological approaches to madness and the role of the pharmaceutical industry, together with well presented and refreshing analyses of psychological and social approaches. (routledge.com)
  • Include biological, psychological, and sociocultural influences as they relate to. (coursehero.com)
  • For this reason some prefer the term 'bio-medical model', since it clearly indicates the focus on the biological, and allows that there are other medical models. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An alternative model of health and illness, employed by some doctors but especially favoured in nursing circles for its greater breadth, is a 'bio-psycho-social model' encompassing the biological, psychological, and social aspects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • ISPS (The International Society for Psychological and Social Approaches to Psychosis) has a history stretching back more than five decades, during which it has witnessed the relentless pursuit of biological explanations for psychosis. (routledge.com)
  • Give a brief account of the biological model of abnormality and consider its strengths and limitations. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • Biological treatments are another practical implication resulting from the biological model and include, drug treatment, electro-convulsive therapy and even psychosurgery. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • We argue that these models could be better applied in the current sporting environment if they utilized biological markers such as cortisol measures of personality. (josam.org)
  • The three factor According to Gardland, E (2016) Model 3 [class handout] "the biopsychosocial model(Engel,1977) is a general model or approach that states that biological, psychological (which entails thoughts, emotions, and behaviors), and social factors (abbreviated "BPS") all play a significant role in human functioning in the context of disease or illness. (bartleby.com)
  • According to Gardland, E (2016) Model 3 [class handout] "the biopsychosocial model implies that treatment of abnormal behavior, for example, depression, requires that health care team address biological, psychological and social influences upon a patient's functioning. (bartleby.com)
  • the biopsychosocial model(Engel,1977) is a general model or approach that states that biological, psychological (which entails thoughts, emotions, and behaviors), and social factors (abbreviated "BPS") all play a significant role in human functioning in the context of disease or illness. (bartleby.com)
  • Examining biological, environmental and psychological under pinning's in the diagnoses and classification of mental illness. (bartleby.com)
  • We fill out the details of this claim - and the extensive research in social psychology on which it rests - by developing a series of models that simulate the formation and transmission of belief. (ssrn.com)
  • The mission of the Association for Psychological Science is to promote, protect, and advance the interests of scientifically oriented psychology in research, application, teaching, and the improvement of human welfare. (columbia.edu)
  • I said it before and I'll say it again: Psychology is not just a club of academics, and "psychological science" is not just the name of their treehouse. (columbia.edu)
  • The evidence here is that this is precisely what psychology and psychological science, in fact, are. (columbia.edu)
  • Psychological testing also owes as much to early psychiatry as it does to the laboratories of experimental psychology. (wikibooks.org)
  • The psychology of linear judgment models. (google.com)
  • Citation Query Stochastic modeling of elementary psychological processes. (psu.edu)
  • Stochastic modeling of elementary psychological processes. (psu.edu)
  • In this paper, we argue that tension experiences in different contexts (e.g., musical tension or suspense in a movie) build on the same underlying psychological processes. (frontiersin.org)
  • According to this model, tension experiences originate from states of conflict, instability, dissonance, or uncertainty that trigger predictive processes directed at future events of emotional significance. (frontiersin.org)
  • To overcome this limitation, the present paper focuses on domain-independent aspects of tension experiences, arguing that the seemingly different tension and suspense experiences encountered in contexts such as music, film, literature, or everyday life build on the same underlying psychological processes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Aims: To illustrate how a psychological model of mental disorder - the "mediating psychological processes model"- could assist mental health service policy development and implementation. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • This report represents the findings of an 18-month study in which the panel, working within the context of the requirements established for military simulations, reviewed and assessed the processes and effects of human behavior at the individual, unit, and command levels to determine what is required to move the application of these kinds of models from their current, limited state to the inclusion of realistic human and organizational behavior. (nap.edu)
  • AbstractAnimal models of autoimmune disease have been of vital importance in the advancement of our understanding of central pathological processes that underlie disease causation. (brightkite.com)
  • Binet's measures of intelligence focused on higher psychological processes rather than the elementary sensory processes such as reaction time. (wikibooks.org)
  • We evaluate two models for the study of anxiety and depression, and show that they have good face, diagnostic and construct validity. (cambridge.org)
  • As quantum probability (QP) theory emphasises order, context, superimposition states, and nonlinear dynamic effects, one of its major strengths may be its power to unify formal modeling and realistic psychological theory (e.g., information uncertainty, anxiety, and indecision, as seen in the Prisoner's Dilemma). (city.ac.uk)
  • According to the paper, these two factors have helped to bridge the gap between psychological and neurobiological models of anxiety. (bartleby.com)
  • Psychological abuse, also known as mental or emotional abuse is a type of abuse where a person exposes someone else to behavior that may cause psychological trauma including: anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. (ipl.org)
  • The elevated plus-maze test has been in use as a rodent model of anxiety for a decade, and is representative of those tests that are based upon the study of spontaneous behaviour patterns and which have high ecological validity. (nih.gov)
  • Specifically, the model combines key psychological constructs such as self-consciousness and self-concept, with key phenomenological entities such as the Knowing I and the Reflective Self, showing how these constructs and entities interact and interrelate within the self-system to form the substance of experience, perception and cognition. (metanexus.net)
  • Section 3 will present the Cultural Cognition Model, which shows how various social and psychological mechanisms can generate beliefs that are uniform within and polarized across distinct cultural orientations. (ssrn.com)
  • Section 4 develops a model - Truth vs. Culture - that shows that cultural cognition constrains factual enlightenment when these two dynamics of belief-formation and transmission are pitted against one another. (ssrn.com)
  • While Allport's (1954) The Nature of Prejudice remains a touchstone for psychological research on prejudice, the study of implicit social cognition has two distinct and more recent sets of roots. (stanford.edu)
  • To explore this idea, the authors applied a connectionist model of sentence production to the development and use of abstract syntax. (psu.edu)
  • The model suggests how abstract knowledge and concrete experience are balanced in the development and use of syntax. (psu.edu)
  • Since we have shuffled off responsibility for almost everything except mental illness, this challenge to the medical model suggests that we may have sawn off the last branch on which we had any purchase. (routledge.com)
  • People with dementia usually experience behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) during the course of their illness. (mja.com.au)
  • More commonly, the term medical model refers to medicine's ideas and assumptions about the nature of illness, notably its natural scientific framework and its focus on physical causes and physical treatments. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But hope, that necessary ingredient for recovery, waxes strong in the illness model. (ncadd.org)
  • Yet over the course of the past decade, Miami-Dade County has emerged as a national model for how a county can develop strategies to combat the criminalization of mental illness. (governing.com)
  • A transgenic rat model modestly overexpressing the full-length, non-mutant Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) protein (tgDISC1 rat) was generated that defines such a subset, inspired by our previous identification of insoluble DISC1 protein in post mortem brains from patients with chronic mental illness. (nature.com)
  • 18 marks) This model uses physical illness as a model for psychological disorder, suggesting that like physical illness, mental illness has an underlying bodily cause. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • What do psychological theories suggest? (wikiversity.org)
  • Psychological treatments are based on theories of personality, interpersonal communication, and learning. (bartleby.com)
  • How can psychological theories help our understanding of NDEs? (wikiversity.org)
  • Models of Psychological Space begins the reformulation of the construct of psychological space by bringing together in one volume a sampling of theoretical models from the psychometric, developmental, and experimental approaches. (springer.com)
  • Six factors are considered key-elements of psychological well-being: Self-acceptance Personal growth Purpose in life Environmental mastery Autonomy Positive relations with others The Ryff Scale of Measurement is a psychometric inventory consisting of two forms (either 54 or 84 items) in which respondents rate statements on a scale of 1 to 6, where 1 indicates strong disagreement and 6 indicates strong agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model provides a good account of data from choice tasks using both time-controlled (e.g., deadline or response signal) and standard reaction time paradigms and its overall adequacy compares favorably with that of other approaches. (psu.edu)
  • Part II: Social and Psychological Approaches to Understanding Madness. (routledge.com)
  • In contrast to previous approaches, in this paper we propose a specific definition and model of the Self - and one that transcends classical psychological conceptions of the Self. (metanexus.net)
  • Conclusions: Psychological models, at least in addition to medical approaches, could better inform policy and service design. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • ISPS's core aim is to promote psychological and social approaches to understanding and treating psychosis. (routledge.com)
  • Personal Assessment Paper The Bradley, Whisenhunt, Adamson, and Kress, (2013) study suggest that caring for the self or self-sufficiencies approaches encourage therapist to experience physical and psychological wellbeing and averts burnout and damage. (ipl.org)
  • Though respiratory and cardiovascular effects of these emissions are well identified, psychological and neurobiological complications of prolonged exposure to vehicle emissions remain unknown. (nature.com)
  • The full range of this complex capacity's neuroanatomical, neurobiological, neurophysiological, and psychological mechanism remain unknown and it presents a challenge for psychologists and neuroscientists who try to explain it. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being is a theory developed by Carol Ryff which determines six factors which contribute to an individual's psychological well-being, contentment, and happiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medical model approach views this as intelligence that is measured by standardised methods, i.e. (hubpages.com)
  • This is a medical model of intervention that focuses solely on the child and uses standardised methods of treatment. (hubpages.com)
  • Along with this increase, psychological outcomes have become prominent. (eur.nl)
  • The objective was to evaluate prospectively the prognostic effects of sociodemographic, medical, and psychological variables assessed before day-case surgery on psychological outcomes after surgery. (eur.nl)
  • Conclusion We provide a prognostic model that adequately predicts multiple postoperative outcomes in day-case surgery. (eur.nl)
  • How does the WSCC model improve health outcomes and academic performance for youth? (cdc.gov)
  • Primarily, the Psychological Contract refers to the relationship between an employer and its employees , and specifically concerns mutual expectations of inputs and outcomes . (businessballs.com)
  • For example, multiple aspects of parenting including warmth, discipline, modeling of healthy behavior, monitoring, and supervision have been related to both positive and negative developmental outcomes. (aappublications.org)
  • Quantifying athletes' response to psychological stress would assist not only the athlete, but also support staff who are intimately involved in the athlete's performance outcomes. (josam.org)
  • Explaining the how and why of sport and event consumer behaviour, it discusses how personal, psychological and environmental factors influence a wide range of sport consumption activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overall evaluation of an object at a specific stage is the product of the processing of personal, psychological and environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The motives stem from a combination of personal, psychological and environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ultimate decision to use the AIC or BIC depends on many factors, including the loss function employed, the study's methodological design, the substantive research question, and the notion of a true model and its applicability to the study at hand. (nih.gov)
  • A plausible model of schizophrenia must incorporate psychological and social, as well as neuro developmental, risk factors. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Objectives Previous research suggested isolated associations of physical and psychological factors with fibromyalgia severity. (uu.nl)
  • Integration of physical and psychological, experienced and observed, modifiable factors associated with fibromyalgia severity in a single model will reveal therapeutic paths toward less severity of disease. (uu.nl)
  • Conclusions The present model integrated the complexity of mutually influencing factors of fibromyalgia severity, which may help to better understand the disease. (uu.nl)
  • It emphasised the importance of: 1) physical factors and psychological factors and their interconnections, 2) patients' experiences and clinical measurements, and 3) positive and negative signs such as physical fitness and distress. (uu.nl)
  • This tide has been turning in recent years and there is growing international interest in a range of psychological, social and cultural factors that have considerable explanatory traction and distinct therapeutic possibilities. (routledge.com)
  • [3] Risk factors include smoking , psychological stress , and a history of child abuse . (rug.nl)
  • The more recent development of a psychological model of intervention is concerned with psychosocial factors such as relationships with parents and siblings and environmental factors such as the circumstances the child is living in. (hubpages.com)
  • In our study we tested a contextual model derived from positive youth-development theory by examining the association of family, school, and community risk and promotive factors, with several outcome indices of both positive and negative adolescent development. (aappublications.org)
  • Comprehensive theoretical models of adolescent problem behavior propose risk and promotive factors at multiple levels of the social environment, including the family, peer, school, and neighborhood contexts. (aappublications.org)
  • Correcting the balance between the examination of physical and psychological factors is an important step to ensure a holistic approach exists within high performing sporting environments. (josam.org)
  • Conversely, relatively less exploration has been on the general psychological factors predisposing athletes to injury (e.g., personality traits). (josam.org)
  • What three factors does the biopsychosocial (BPS) model propose play a significant role in human functioning? (bartleby.com)
  • What Three Factors Does The Biopsychosocial Model? (bartleby.com)
  • Glennan S. (2005) Modeling mechanisms. (springer.com)
  • However, recent emotion research has largely neglected the role of tension in emotion, and surprisingly little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying experiences of tension. (frontiersin.org)
  • We discuss basic psychological principles as well as possible neural mechanisms underlying tension experiences, and propose a general, domain-independent psychological model of tension and suspense. (frontiersin.org)
  • We will focus on neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and psychological mechanisms of the different types of memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • Through an overlapping set of psychological and social mechanisms, individuals adopt the factual beliefs that are dominant among persons who share their cultural orientations. (ssrn.com)
  • The model makes use of (a) error-based learning to acquire and adapt sequencing mechanisms and (b) meaning-form mappings to derive syntactic representations. (psu.edu)
  • But we know they exist because of their effects in driving down the ability to adapt, from psychological Maturity to much more rigid Primitive mechanisms of coping, such as when an alcoholic "denies" that an obvious problem exists at all. (ncadd.org)
  • Although phenomena associated with the model have previously been linked to nucleo-olivary inhibition, many questions regarding the neural mechanisms underlying the model still remain. (pnas.org)
  • Neural mechanisms for several phenomena related to the Rescorla-Wagner model have already been proposed ( 5 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 16 ). (pnas.org)
  • The management of dementia is complicated by behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), such as psychosis, depression, agitation, aggression and disinhibition (ie, unrestrained behaviour resulting from a lessening or loss of inhibitions or a disregard of cultural constraints). (mja.com.au)
  • It proposes that genetic, organic or chemical disorders cause metal illnesses which give rise to behavioural and psychological problems. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • Diffusion of innovations Transtheoretical model Funk, D. C. & James, J. D. (2001). (wikipedia.org)
  • The psychological model of abnormality also stems from ancient Greece. (europeanmedical.info)
  • but it has been expanded upon by the diathesis-stress model, which seeks abnormality as an interaction of genetic predisposition and the environment. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • Conceptions and Models of Abnormality. (worldcat.org)
  • He tested these two hypotheses and concluded that the patient's problem was psychological in origin. (europeanmedical.info)
  • Rapid prototype models allows for an accurate fabrication of a patient's implant-whether it's for bone replacement or prosthesis. (extruded-plastic-tubing.com)
  • Due to this proactive approach facilitated by rapid prototyping, it has also been found to alleviate a patient's pre-surgery psychological stress, as they have more confidence that the surgical complications will be minimized if not eliminated. (extruded-plastic-tubing.com)
  • In general, with the exception of a few studies, very little research effort has been directed toward examining the theoretical model underlying crisis intervention strategies" (p. 746). (scribd.com)
  • The modeling of abnormal behavior in 'normal' subjects (often animals) has a long history in pharmacological research for the screening of novel drug compounds. (cambridge.org)
  • Our aim in this article is to re-awaken the interest in tension phenomena and highlight their relevance for psychological research of emotion. (frontiersin.org)
  • Maslach's three-component model of burnout remains the most frequently employed conceptualization and measure in clergy research. (mdpi.com)
  • This is also supported by other research indicating that BDSM practitioners also have more favorable psychological characteristics (as measured by the NEO FFI), have higher subjective well-being and are less rejection sensitive (Wismeijer & van Assen, 2013) and are even part of our popular culture (Litman, 1997). (insightpsychological.ca)
  • Future longitudinal and experimental research should aim at testing the causal direction of the associations in the model as well as the clinical implications suggested by the model. (uu.nl)
  • Psychological research on implicit bias is relatively recent (§1), but a host of metaphysical (§2), epistemological (§3), and ethical questions (§4) about implicit bias are pressing. (stanford.edu)
  • Graduate students conduct independent research in a student-mentor model. (uvm.edu)
  • The Panel on Modeling Human Behavior and Command Decision Making: Representations for Military Simulations was formed by the National Research Council in response to a request from the Defense Modeling and Simulation Office (DMSO). (nap.edu)
  • In addition to summarizing the current state of relevant modeling research and applications, this report recommends a research and development agenda designed to move the representation of humans in military simulations forward in a systematic and integrated manner. (nap.edu)
  • The panel conducted a thorough review and analysis of selected theoretical and applied research on human behavior modeling as it applies to the military context at the individual, unit, and command levels. (nap.edu)
  • Despite continuing debate over the ethics of using animal models in research, progress in the field has been phenomenal in recent times, and a whole host of models, particularly mouse models, have been developed. (brightkite.com)
  • The download Psychological Treatment of Older Adults: A Holistic of the Hudson River Foundation( HRF) intensifies to search growth handy to Installation with configuration to the Hudson River and its heat and to perform nuclear accordance of this modular research. (sawatzky.name)
  • The findings confirmed the research model in general. (magiran.com)
  • Women pay more attention and experience improved psychological health when they view average and plus-size models in the media, new research concludes. (fastsixpack.com)
  • Some research indicates that job burnout and compassion fatigue (i.e., secondary trauma) are separate contributors to psychological distress. (ipl.org)
  • This model can be used in future research studying linkages between thermal discomfort, subsequent decreases in physical activity, and negative health trends. (elsevier.com)
  • We conclude by indicating shortcomings of the kinds of studies conducted to date, limitations in the lens model methodology, and possibilities for future research. (ssrn.com)
  • Developing the present strategic model and validating it scientifically are further suggested as directions for future research. (igi-global.com)
  • Childhood traumatic experiences diminish psychological well-being throughout adult life, and can damage psychological resilience in children, adolescents, and adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results Two core paths were associated with reduced fibromyalgia severity: 1) a psychological path connecting high resilience and low catastrophizing with low distress and 2) a physical path, connecting a more active lifestyle (directly and via high objective and subjective physical fitness) with low fatigue. (uu.nl)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the Hopefulness Prediction Modeling based on Resilience and Happiness Considering the Mediating Role of Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer. (magiran.com)
  • Using the Biopsychosocial Model, explain why someone uses drugs. (coursehero.com)
  • Extending from the Biopsychosocial model of injury, we present an updated model of injury quantifying the psychophysiological response for athletes [1]. (josam.org)
  • The biopsychosocial model is a broad view that attributes or disease outcome to the intricate, when dealing with the human being is extremely complicated process. (bartleby.com)
  • This literature review will examine the biopsychosocial model approach. (bartleby.com)
  • These positive illusions are especially important when an individual receives threatening negative feedback, as the illusions allow for adaptation in these circumstances to protect psychological well-being and self-confidence (Taylor & Brown, 1988). (wikipedia.org)
  • McGuire & McGuire, 1988), or psychological conditions attributed to health or otherwise of the Self (Reisner, 2005). (metanexus.net)
  • The psychological continuum model (PCM) is a framework to organise prior literature from various academic disciplines to explain sport and event consumer behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PCM uses a vertical framework to characterise various psychological connections that individuals form with objects to explain the role of attitude formation and change that directs behaviours across a variety of consumption activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Output The PCM framework states that, through the processing of internal and external inputs, individuals progress upward along the four psychological connection stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • As an extension of this framework, this study considers a piecewise linear-linear latent growth mixture model (LGMM) for describing segmented change of individual behavior over time where the data come from a mixture of two or more unobserved subpopulations (i.e., latent classes). (ed.gov)
  • The results of this study support our theoretical model as a conceptual framework for the prediction of medication adherence behaviors in persons living with HIV/AIDS. (scielosp.org)
  • A different point of view has been adopted in the framework of the Iterated Learning Model ( 24 , 25 ), in which a population is modeled as a chain of individuals, each learning from the output of the previous generation and providing the input to the subsequent one ( 26 ). (pnas.org)
  • Relationships and Properties of Polytomous Item Response Theory Models. (ed.gov)
  • Describes relationships among 20 polytomous item response theory (IRT) models (parametric and nonparametric) and 8 measurement properties relevant to polytomous IRT. (ed.gov)
  • This article reviews the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. (nih.gov)
  • The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction. (nih.gov)
  • The final model demonstrates the congruence between theory and data ( x 2 /df. (scielosp.org)
  • In the recursive models commonly in use in sociology, it is assumed that causal influences can be ordered, such that one may designate an X 1 that does not depend on any of the remaining variables in the system but, presumably, varies as a result of exogenous causes that have been ignored in the theory. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This resource covers the theory of psychological contracts in organizational employment - and wider 'psychological contracting' in relationships, communications and societies - and the psychological contract 'iceberg' diagram. (businessballs.com)
  • Interestingly the theory and principles of the Psychological Contract can also be applied beyond the employment situation to human relationships and wider society. (businessballs.com)
  • The Rescorla-Wagner model of associative learning is arguably the most influential theory of associative learning in recent history. (pnas.org)
  • This essay will explain the model theory. (bartleby.com)
  • 1989), which is a based on the reformulated theory of helplessness and depression (Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978), provides a conceptualization for the underlying vulnerability in the proposed integrative biopsychosocial etiological model discussed in this review. (bartleby.com)
  • Before we developed the CCRC, the health care system didn't have any care delivery models specifically focused on the needs of ICU survivors. (eurekalert.org)
  • This model postulates that, like medical illnesses, alcoholism--more specifically alcohol dependence, or addiction-can be diagnosed, its course observed, and its physical causes understood. (ncadd.org)
  • Many other experts have contributed ideas to the subject since then, and continue to do so, either specifically focusing on the the Psychological Contract, or approaching it from a particular perspective, of which there are many. (businessballs.com)
  • Specifically, we analyze statistics of the lens model equation (Tucker, 1964) associated with 259 different task environments obtained from 78 papers. (ssrn.com)
  • Latent growth curve models with piecewise functions are flexible and useful analytic models for investigating individual behaviors that exhibit distinct phases of development in observed variables. (ed.gov)
  • RADAR, Understanding Society, ALSPAC to (i) develop latent variable models capable of capturing change in social network size and quality in childhood and adulthood (ii) develop latent models that accurately represent the dimensional structure and change in psychological wellbeing in childhood and adulthood and (iii) evaluate the impact of social network size, quality and change on child and adult psychological and social functioning. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • Theoretical statistical results in regression are discussed, and more important issues are illustrated with novel simulations involving latent variable models including factor analysis, latent profile analysis, and factor mixture models. (nih.gov)
  • PLmixed is espe- cially useful for estimating complex measurement models involving multilevel and crossed ran- dom effects/latent variables, which are often encountered in large-scale educational testing, multitrait-multimethod designs, and longitudinal studies. (deepdyve.com)
  • We have conducted a cross-sectional study among 172 persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), who completed four self-administered assessments: 1) the Psychological Variables and Adherence Behaviors Questionnaire, 2) the Stress-Related Situation Scale to assess the variable of Personality, 3) The Zung Depression Scale, and 4) the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire. (scielosp.org)
  • most of the studies have focused on samples of patients being treated in health care institutions, with an additional characteristic: studies are conducted without the support of a theoretical model that would predict how psychological or social variables influence the practice of medication adherence behaviors 4 4. (scielosp.org)
  • This can help decision makers learn what may need to change to improve counseling, psychological, and social services to better meet students' needs. (cdc.gov)
  • Obesity is a rising problem, so some people support thinner models as a means of rejecting weight-related health and social issues. (wisegeek.com)
  • Roy Baumeister, an social psychologist, proposed the strength model of self-control. (wikiversity.org)
  • Although the intent of RIT's Counseling & Psychological Services is to help students cope with and resolve psychological and social problems that interfere with the attainment of their educational goals, students sometimes present with therapeutic needs, behaviors or other conditions that may be best met off-campus. (rit.edu)
  • Many now regard practitioners skilled in psychological therapies as an essential component of the care of people with psychosis. (routledge.com)
  • Hollon SD, Ponniah K. A review of empirically supported psychological therapies for mood disorders in adults. (medscape.com)
  • Counseling and Psychological Services (CaPS) strives to facilitate the development of RIT students by providing psychological interventions to promote the holistic well-being of our students. (rit.edu)
  • Counseling & Psychological Services utilizes a short-term, goal-focused therapy model to assist students who are experiencing concerns and needs that are interfering with their ability to be successful in school and/or with their individual personal growth, functioning and adjustment. (rit.edu)
  • Counseling & Psychological Services (CaPS) invites students to make an initial appointment with one of our counselors to discuss their concerns. (rit.edu)
  • Counseling & Psychological Services provides counseling, psychiatric, consultation, and prevention services to enhance students' potential for leaning and success and to promote the emotional health and well-being of the campus community. (rit.edu)
  • Recent theoretical models have converged on a particular account, based on transient associations between independent item and context representations. (psu.edu)
  • Francis L, Laycock P, Brewster C. Work-Related Psychological Wellbeing: Testing the Balanced Affect Model among Anglican Clergy. (mdpi.com)
  • Perceived stigma also diminished psychological well-being, particularly stigma in relation to obesity and other physical ailments or disabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • These clusters are bondage and discipline (the act of using restraints both physical and or psychological), domination and submission (taking control while the other gives control over) and sadism or masochism which explores deriving pleasure from the pain of others or self (Hebert & Weaver, 2015). (insightpsychological.ca)
  • By looking at these definitions closer, two common themes begin to stand out: power play (Power or the psychological component) and physical play or stimulation (an Action component) activities. (insightpsychological.ca)
  • Additional interconnecting paths especially suggested a connection from the psychological to physical path. (uu.nl)
  • Physical and psychological stresses are widely accepted as triggers and / or modifiers of the clinical course of diverse gastrointestinal disorders such as peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Apart from the number and pattern of criteria present, there are no other measurable physical or psychological markers to distinguish between the ASD diagnoses. (mja.com.au)
  • Maslach proposes a sequential model of burnout. (mdpi.com)
  • When the distinction between these two levels is properly formalized, it reveals why the modeling of the collective participant generally requires beyond-quantum - non-Bornian - probabilistic models, when sequential measurements at the individual level are considered, and this though a pure quantum description remains valid for single measurement situations. (arxiv.org)
  • Sequential learning in these models leads to 2 major problems. (psu.edu)
  • Home / Test Division / Reference Database / 1990 to 1999 / 1990 / Psychological approach to sexually dysfunctional men: a model. (umn.edu)
  • Member, International Union of Psychological Science (US Committee), 1991-1999. (stanford.edu)
  • Most historians trace the beginnings of psychological testing to the experimental investigation of individual differences that flourished in Germany and Great Britain in the late 1800s. (wikibooks.org)
  • Besides specific phenotypes such as DISC1 protein pathology, abnormal dopamine homeostasis, and changes in neuroanatomy and behavior, this animal model also shows subtle disturbances in overarching signaling pathways relevant for schizophrenia. (nature.com)
  • Thus, analogous aberrant signaling pathways can be identified by a blood test in an animal model and a corresponding schizophrenia patient subset, suggesting that in this animal model tailored pharmacotherapies for this patient subset could be achieved. (nature.com)
  • This review aims to classify and clarify, from a neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and psychological perspective, different memory models that are currently widespread in the literature as well as to describe their origins. (frontiersin.org)
  • The review of papers complements the survey, showing variation in how the models are built, how effects are evaluated and, most worryingly, how models are reported. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • After a review of the literature finding that little has been written outlining any adequate pictorial models of these relationships, the MAPP was developed to chart how commonly identified personal or given labels such as Master, Slave, Predator, etc. within the community, fit within a greater context or organizational structure under the umbrella concepts of action activities and perceived power, with some hint at intensity in these areas. (insightpsychological.ca)
  • Spinal cord injury, coping and psychological adjustment: A literature review. (springermedizin.de)
  • The psychological effects of spinal cord injury: A review. (springermedizin.de)
  • Psychological resources in spinal cord injury: A systematic literature review. (springermedizin.de)
  • The panel heard a review of modeling requirements, the state of military modeling in general, and current initiatives from representatives of DMSO. (nap.edu)
  • A review of prior studies showed that stress from debt was two-pronged: it appeared to spill over and add to the psychological burden of life, but it was also a real drain on the actual resources required to pay off the debt. (bigthink.com)
  • Can you click download complexity in financial markets modeling psychological behavior in agent based models and order book any spirituality on Single review of eBooks managing fantasy. (1blu.de)
  • Psychological Review, 105, 442-481. (google.com)
  • This narrative review will present two popular theoretical psychological models of sports injury rehabilitation. (josam.org)
  • Pampallona S, Bollini P, Tibaldi G, Kupelnick B, Munizza C. Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological treatment for depression: a systematic review. (medscape.com)
  • This model is aligned with the current applied sporting landscape, incorporating the implementation of measurement practice guidelines, and offering high-performance staff an example that can be applied to their unique setting by assessing individuals' distinct measures of cortisol and personality in response to stress and injury. (josam.org)
  • The use of Linear Mixed-effects Models (LMMs) is set to dominate statistical analyses in psychological science and may become the default approach to analyzing quantitative data. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • You can see it in every factor of the Trust Equation, the theoretical model underlying the Trust Quotient. (trustedadvisor.com)
  • These experiences are intense and provocative psychological events with distinctly emotional and personal associations (Cassol, D'Argembeau, Charland-Verville, Laureys & Martial, 2019). (wikiversity.org)
  • Modeling the advantages of procedures to be employed (Dryden, 1990). (orthodoxytoday.org)
  • Science Advisory Committee to Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association, 1989-1990. (stanford.edu)
  • Citation Query A Distributed, Developmental Model of Word Recognition and Naming. (psu.edu)
  • A Distributed, Developmental Model of Word Recognition and Naming. (psu.edu)
  • Educating the campus community about the psychological and developmental needs of students through community-level interventions, outreach programming, and consultation. (rit.edu)
  • It is the authors' intention that the paper supports a step-change in the reporting of LMMs across the psychological sciences, preventing a trajectory in which findings reported today cannot be transparently understood and used tomorrow. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • This animated video demonstrates how implementing the model affects adolescents throughout their school day, at home, and in their community. (cdc.gov)
  • Contrary to the results presented in the original study, the authors found that a nonsimplex pattern of relations among different forms of drug use allowed for a more adequate representation of the data than a simplex model for two of the three different age groups of adolescents sampled. (rand.org)
  • As a result, these adolescents experience psychological trauma, financial instability, which both combined to yield a vicious cycle of foster care. (ipl.org)
  • A parallel distributed processing model of semantic memory in which knowledge is subdivided by modality into visual and functional components is described. (psu.edu)
  • An example statement for this criterion is "I like most aspects of my personality" Positive psychological well-being may emerge from numerous sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study conducted in the early 1990s exploring the relationship between well-being and those aspects of positive functioning that were put forth in Ryff's model indicates that persons who aspired more for financial success relative to affiliation with others or their community scored lower on various measures of well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • No scientific explanation for NDEs has provided reasoning for all aspects of a NDE, but several components of an NDE have been explained by lack of oxygen to the brain, carbon dioxide excess, seizure activity in the temporal lobe, the effect of drugs (DMT or ketamine), hallucinations, cessation of brain activity and psychological avoidance/fear of death. (wikiversity.org)
  • We argue that studying tension phenomena can advance our understanding of emotion by providing new insights into general psychological principles underlying human affect. (frontiersin.org)
  • Results: A "manifesto" for mental health service policy is presented, based on psychological principles. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Thousands of case studies worldwide have reported a wide range of psychological phenomenon following a NDE, particularly following a state of unconsciousness, being in a coma, being resuscitated or even under anaesthesia. (wikiversity.org)
  • To address these problems, manipulations of the network within the multilayer model and several variants of the multilayer model were examined, including a model with prelearned memory and a context model, but none solved the problems. (psu.edu)
  • Psychological approach to sexually dysfunctional men: a model. (umn.edu)
  • This approach to learning and processing is present in many psychological models (e.g. (psu.edu)
  • The current study applied a simple four-segment skin temperature approach to the COMFA (COMfort FormulA) outdoor energy balance model. (elsevier.com)
  • Although EPP researchers may occasionally feel uneasy about the validity of the model that they use, the issue has not received direct attention in this literature. (cambridge.org)
  • These points highlight the areas in which a medical model of intervention such as Portage may not consider, and areas in which many researchers feel are too significant to ignore. (hubpages.com)
  • To overcome the difficulty of organising and accessing the large amounts of information on the various models, a large consortium of researchers set up a searchable database - the MUGEN Mouse Database (MMdb) (Aidinis et al. (brightkite.com)
  • Researchers said this is the first demonstration of how psychological trauma endured by a person can have intergenerational effects on his offspring. (ipl.org)
  • Near the end of the Second World War researchers and leaders in the recovery community jointly formulated the problem of uncontrolled drinking into what is now known as the Disease Model of alcoholism. (ncadd.org)
  • Simplex and nonsimplex models containing personality and perceived environmental variables as predictors of current use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs were compared in this reanalysis of a 1980 study by R. H. Potvin and C. Lee. (rand.org)
  • However, the psychological underpinnings of tension experiences remain largely unexplained, and tension and suspense are rarely discussed from a general, domain-independent perspective. (frontiersin.org)
  • Fashion models are thin largely because of the way designers want their clothes to be displayed during the marketing process. (wisegeek.com)
  • Environmental influences also have a role in disease causation, but these are largely unknown, and many believe that a sensitisation event coupled with abnormal antigen presentation leads to autoimmunity.Present ModelsEarlier animal models, such as collagen-induced (Trentham, AS Townes, and Kang 1977) (Courtenay et al. (brightkite.com)
  • However, human support has largely not been manualized and has usually not been guided by clear models. (jmir.org)
  • Although the widespread use of psychological testing is largely a phenomenon of the 20th century, it has been noted that rudimentary forms of testing date back to at least 2200 B.C., when the Chinese emperor had his officials examined every third year to determine their fitness for office (Gregory, 1992). (wikibooks.org)
  • The aims of the study were (1) to examine the associations between the psychological resources general self-efficacy (GSE) and purpose in life (PIL), appraisals, coping and life satisfaction, and (2) to examine whether the effects of the psychological resources on life satisfaction are mediated by appraisals and coping, as proposed by the spinal cord injury adjustment model (SCIAM). (springermedizin.de)
  • The mathematical results show that the considered saturation effect in population of birds and psychological effect in population of human does not effect the stability of equilibria, if the disease is prevalent then it can affect the number of infected humans. (aimsciences.org)
  • A. Atangana and B. S. T. Alkahtani , Modeling the spread of Rubella disease using the concept of with local derivative with fractional parameter, Complexity , 21 (2016), 442-451. (aimsciences.org)
  • A. Atangana and R. T. Alqahtani, Modelling the spread of river blindness disease via the caputo fractional derivative and the beta-derivative, Entropy , 18 (2016), p40. (aimsciences.org)
  • Last, however, the Disease model brings with it the possibilities of treatment and of hope. (ncadd.org)
  • From the Disease model has come another, that of genetic influence. (ncadd.org)
  • If so, the evidence suggests a confluence of many gene effects rather than the dominant/recessive results of inheritance in Mendelian models of genetic death, as for example, in Huntington's Disease. (ncadd.org)
  • Provides three tables to assist in the choice of an appropriate model and demonstrates the use of the models in test construction. (ed.gov)
  • Implications for designing, implementing, and evaluating intervention programs based on the model are to be discussed. (scielosp.org)
  • In recent years, mathematical and computational models have been designed to explore the roles of various hypotheses concerning these issues, checking their implications in simplified, yet hopefully transparent, synthetic experiments ( 19 ). (pnas.org)
  • In the present article, the authors present an alternative model, according to which sequence information is encoded through sustained patterns of activation within a recurrent neural network architecture. (psu.edu)
  • Generally speaking, a model can show whether its assumptions are internally coherent, whether they can produce the claimed effects, and above all, whether they are sufficient in principle to generate a given phenomenon. (pnas.org)
  • Furthermore, by examining how Purkinje cells respond to two distinct conditional stimuli and to a compound stimulus, we provide evidence that could potentially help explain the somewhat counterintuitive overexpectation phenomenon, which was derived from the Rescorla-Wagner model. (pnas.org)
  • Grandma can be quite a peculiar character, and in this hub I want to tell her story through the lens of the Transtheoretical Model of Change . (hubpages.com)
  • The transtheoretical model of change is a model first developed by James O. Prochaska and his colleagues at Rhone Island University. (hubpages.com)
  • After pondering about the transtheoretical model of change and how therapists can use it to understand patients, I thought of how it could help laypeople understand each other better and improve their communication. (hubpages.com)
  • Intuitively, my grandmother seems to be a classic fit into the first stage of the transtheoretical model - precontemplation, where she has no intention to change her habits, or rather, she fails to see how here current choices are not only increasing her risk of falling, and are increasing the harm done should she actually fall down. (hubpages.com)