Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
'Mining' in medical terminology is not a commonly used term, but it can refer to the process of extracting or excavating minerals or other resources from the earth, which can have health impacts such as respiratory diseases and hearing loss among workers in the mining industry.
'Coal mining' is not a medical term, but it refers to the process of extracting coal from the ground by mechanical or manual means.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
The deliberate and methodical practice of finding new applications for existing drugs.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
Methods for determining interaction between PROTEINS.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Composition of images of EARTH or other planets from data collected during SPACE FLIGHT by remote sensing instruments onboard SPACECRAFT. The satellite sensor systems measure and record absorbed, emitted, or reflected energy across the spectra, as well as global position and time.
Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
A naturally radioactive element with atomic symbol Rn, atomic number 86, and atomic weight 222. It is a member of the noble gas family found in soil, and is released during the decay of radium.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A class of asbestos that includes silicates of magnesium, iron, calcium, and sodium. The fibers are generally brittle and cannot be spun, but are more resistant to chemicals and heat than ASBESTOS, SERPENTINE. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
#### My apologies, but "West Virginia" is a geographical location and not a medical term or condition. It is a state located in the Appalachian region of the United States, known for its diverse topography, rich cultural history, and contributions to various fields including medicine.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
Graphs representing sets of measurable, non-covalent physical contacts with specific PROTEINS in living organisms or in cells.
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers which elicit potent inflammatory responses in the parenchyma of the lung. The disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis of the lung, varying from scattered sites to extensive scarring of the alveolar interstitium.
The only family of the buckwheat order (Polygonales) of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It has 40 genera of herbs, shrubs, and trees.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
A genus of ascomycetous fungi in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. Some species can cause opportunistic infections in humans, similar to its anamorph ASPERGILLUS.
The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
Thorium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol Th, atomic number 90, and atomic weight 232.04. It is used as fuel in nuclear reactors to produce fissionable uranium isotopes. Because of its radioopacity, various thorium compounds are used to facilitate visualization in roentgenography.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.
The detection of long and short term side effects of conventional and traditional medicines through research, data mining, monitoring, and evaluation of healthcare information obtained from healthcare providers and patients.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Peru" is not a medical term or concept, it is a country located in South America, known officially as the Republic of Peru. If you have any questions about medical topics that I can help clarify, please let me know!
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
Databases devoted to knowledge about PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Computerized compilations of information units (text, sound, graphics, and/or video) interconnected by logical nonlinear linkages that enable users to follow optimal paths through the material and also the systems used to create and display this information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.
##### There does not appear to be a recognized medical term or condition specifically named 'Montana.' I can provide information about the state of Montana, if that would be helpful?
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.
Interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal MINERS, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.

Mercury toxicity due to the smelting of placer gold recovered by mercury amalgam. (1/710)

A 19-year-old man developed tremor in both hands and fatigue after starting work at a placer gold mine where he was exposed to mercury-gold amalgam. Examination revealed an intention tremor, dysdiadochokinesis and mild rigidity. The 24-h urinary mercury concentration reached a peak of 715 nmol/l (143 ug/l) shortly before the clinical examination, after which he was removed from working in the gold room [Mercury No. Adverse Effect Level: 250 nmol/l (50 ug/l)]. On review 7 weeks later his tremor had almost resolved and the dysdiadochokinesis and rigidity had gone. The 24-h urinary mercury concentration had fallen to 160 nmol/l (32 ug/l). The principal exposure to mercury was considered to be the smelting of retorted gold with previously unrecognized residual mercury in it. The peak air concentration of mercury vapour during gold smelting was 0.533 mg/m3 (Mercury Vapour ACGIH TLV: 0.05 mg/m3 TWA). Several engineering and procedural controls were instituted. This episode occurred at another mine site, unrelated to Mount Isa Mines Limited.  (+info)

Carbon disulphide absorption during xanthate reagent mixing in a gold mine concentrator. (2/710)

A xanthate reagent mixer at a gold mine concentrator was exposed to carbon disulphide by extensive skin contamination with xanthate powder and solution during the reagent mixing process. Absorption of carbon disulphide was confirmed by the detection of urinary 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA). Drager colorimetric tube testing during subsequent mixing recorded a maximum concentration of at least 60 ppm carbon disulphide. An illness consisting of predominantly gastrointestinal symptoms began 20 h after the exposure. Although this may have been due to carbon disulphide toxicity this is by no means certain. The need for engineering controls, impervious protective clothing and full-face respirators with particulate and organic vapour cartridges is discussed. This episode occurred at another mine site, unrelated to Mount Isa Mines Limited.  (+info)

A risk assessment for exposure to grunerite asbestos (amosite) in an iron ore mine. (3/710)

The potential for health risks to humans exposed to the asbestos minerals continues to be a public health concern. Although the production and use of the commercial amphibole asbestos minerals-grunerite (amosite) and riebeckite (crocidolite)-have been almost completely eliminated from world commerce, special opportunities for potentially significant exposures remain. Commercially viable deposits of grunerite asbestos are very rare, but it can occur as a gangue mineral in a limited part of a mine otherwise thought asbestos-free. This report describes such a situation, in which a very localized seam of grunerite asbestos was identified in an iron ore mine. The geological occurrence of the seam in the ore body is described, as well as the mineralogical character of the grunerite asbestos. The most relevant epidemiological studies of workers exposed to grunerite asbestos are used to gauge the hazards associated with the inhalation of this fibrous mineral. Both analytical transmission electron microscopy and phase-contrast optical microscopy were used to quantify the fibers present in the air during mining in the area with outcroppings of grunerite asbestos. Analytical transmission electron microscopy and continuous-scan x-ray diffraction were used to determine the type of asbestos fiber present. Knowing the level of the miner's exposures, we carried out a risk assessment by using a model developed for the Environmental Protection Agency.  (+info)

Leptospirosis and Ebola virus infection in five gold-panning villages in northeastern Gabon. (4/710)

An exhaustive epidemiologic and serologic survey was carried out in five gold-panning villages situated in northeastern Gabon to estimate the degree of exposure of to leptospirosis and Ebola virus. The seroprevalence was 15.7% for leptospirosis and 10.2% for Ebola virus. Sixty years after the last seroepidemiologic survey of leptospirosis in Gabon, this study demonstrates the persistence of this infection among the endemic population and the need to consider it as a potential cause of hemorrhagic fever in Gabon. There was no significant statistical correlation between the serologic status of populations exposed to both infectious agents, indicating the lack of common risk factors for these diseases.  (+info)

Cellular responses to Plasmodium falciparum major surface antigens and their relationship to human activities associated with malaria transmission. (5/710)

In Brazil, two types of activities have led to the worsening of malarial transmission in the Amazon region: prospecting/mining and agricultural settlements. In the present study, we analyze the cellular response of 52 of these individuals (14 gold-miners and 38 farmers) living within the same endemic area. Two Plasmodium falciparum major surface antigens (recombinant proteins) were used for cellular proliferative assays: circumsporozoite protein and merozoite surface protein-1. The frequency of these cellular responses were significantly higher among the miners (57-64%) than the farmers (10-20%) when either recombinant protein was used. Our data suggest that a higher exposure to malaria of the gold-miners contributed to their higher in vitro cellular response compared with the farmers. These findings point the way to further studies evaluating the influence of risk factors associated with the life styles of different social groups and the immune responses to these antigens.  (+info)

Clinical and laboratory manifestations of systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) in Black South Africans. (6/710)

A retrospective study of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in Blacks attending a tertiary hospital on the Witwatersrand, South Africa, was undertaken. The female:male ratio of the 63 patients was 4.6:1 and the mean age of onset of SSc was 36.1 yr. Four of the 11 males were ex-goldminers and nine females resided close to goldmines. Forty-one patients had diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), 18 had limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and four were unclassified. Overall, 56% had pulmonary fibrosis, 37% had myositis and 98% were antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive, with a notable absence of anti-centromere antibodies. Subset comparisons showed myositis and a reduced forced vital capacity to be significantly more common with dcSSc than lcSSc. The only significant sex differences were that arthralgia/arthritis was more common in women, while calcinosis occurred more frequently in men. Seven of the eight known deaths occurred in patients with dcSSc. These findings, particularly the age of disease onset, predominance of the dcSSc subset, inflammatory features of myositis and a raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and absence of anti-centromere antibodies, are similar to those reported previously in African-Americans.  (+info)

Radionuclides in the lichen-caribou-human food chain near uranium mining operations in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. (7/710)

The richest uranium ore bodies ever discovered (Cigar Lake and McArthur River) are presently under development in northeastern Saskatchewan. This subarctic region is also home to several operating uranium mines and aboriginal communities, partly dependent upon caribou for subsistence. Because of concerns over mining impacts and the efficient transfer of airborne radionuclides through the lichen-caribou-human food chain, radionuclides were analyzed in tissues from 18 barren-ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus). Radionuclides included uranium (U), radium (226Ra), lead (210Pb), and polonium (210Po) from the uranium decay series; the fission product (137Cs) from fallout; and naturally occurring potassium (40K). Natural background radiation doses average 2-4 mSv/year from cosmic rays, external gamma rays, radon inhalation, and ingestion of food items. The ingestion of 210Po and 137Cs when caribou are consumed adds to these background doses. The dose increment was 0.85 mSv/year for adults who consumed 100 g of caribou meat per day and up to 1.7 mSv/year if one liver and 10 kidneys per year were also consumed. We discuss the cancer risk from these doses. Concentration ratios (CRs), relating caribou tissues to lichens or rumen (stomach) contents, were calculated to estimate food chain transfer. The CRs for caribou muscle ranged from 1 to 16% for U, 6 to 25% for 226Ra, 1 to 2% for 210Pb, 6 to 26% for 210Po, 260 to 370% for 137Cs, and 76 to 130% for 40K, with 137Cs biomagnifying by a factor of 3-4. These CRs are useful in predicting caribou meat concentrations from the lichens, measured in monitoring programs, for the future evaluation of uranium mining impacts on this critical food chain.  (+info)

Methylmercury neurotoxicity in Amazonian children downstream from gold mining. (8/710)

In widespread informal gold mining in the Amazon Basin, mercury is used to capture the gold particles as amalgam. Releases of mercury to the environment have resulted in the contamination of freshwater fish with methylmercury. In four comparable Amazonian communities, we examined 351 of 420 eligible children between 7 and 12 years of age. In three Tapajos villages with the highest exposures, more than 80% of 246 children had hair-mercury concentrations above 10 microg/g, a limit above which adverse effects on brain development are likely to occur. Neuropsychological tests of motor function, attention, and visuospatial performance showed decrements associated with the hair-mercury concentrations. Especially on the Santa Ana form board and the Stanford-Binet copying tests, similar associations were also apparent in the 105 children from the village with the lowest exposures, where all but two children had hair-mercury concentrations below 10 microg/g. Although average exposure levels may not have changed during recent years, prenatal exposure levels are unknown, and exact dose relationships cannot be generated from this cross-sectional study. However, the current mercury pollution seems sufficiently severe to cause adverse effects on brain development.  (+info)

Data mining, in the context of health informatics and medical research, refers to the process of discovering patterns, correlations, and insights within large sets of patient or clinical data. It involves the use of advanced analytical techniques such as machine learning algorithms, statistical models, and artificial intelligence to identify and extract useful information from complex datasets.

The goal of data mining in healthcare is to support evidence-based decision making, improve patient outcomes, and optimize resource utilization. Applications of data mining in healthcare include predicting disease outbreaks, identifying high-risk patients, personalizing treatment plans, improving clinical workflows, and detecting fraud and abuse in healthcare systems.

Data mining can be performed on various types of healthcare data, including electronic health records (EHRs), medical claims databases, genomic data, imaging data, and sensor data from wearable devices. However, it is important to ensure that data mining techniques are used ethically and responsibly, with appropriate safeguards in place to protect patient privacy and confidentiality.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "mining" is not a term that has a widely accepted medical definition. It is most commonly associated with the extraction of minerals from the earth in the field of geology and mining engineering. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is a fossil fuel that is formed from the accumulation and decomposition of plants over millions of years. It is primarily used as a source of energy for electricity generation, as well as for heating and industrial processes.

There are two main types of coal mining: surface mining and underground mining. Surface mining involves removing the soil and rock above the coal seam to access the coal, while underground mining involves sinking shafts and tunnels into the earth to reach the coal. Both methods have their own set of benefits and challenges, and the choice of which method to use depends on various factors such as the depth and location of the coal seam, the geology of the area, and environmental concerns.

Coal mining can be a dangerous occupation, with risks including accidents, explosions, and exposure to harmful dust and gases. As a result, it is essential that coal miners receive proper training and equipment to minimize these risks and ensure their safety. Additionally, coal mining has significant environmental impacts, including deforestation, habitat destruction, and water pollution, which must be carefully managed to minimize harm.

'Information Storage and Retrieval' in the context of medical informatics refers to the processes and systems used for the recording, storing, organizing, protecting, and retrieving electronic health information (e.g., patient records, clinical data, medical images) for various purposes such as diagnosis, treatment planning, research, and education. This may involve the use of electronic health record (EHR) systems, databases, data warehouses, and other digital technologies that enable healthcare providers to access and share accurate, up-to-date, and relevant information about a patient's health status, medical history, and care plan. The goal is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and coordination of healthcare delivery by providing timely and evidence-based information to support clinical decision-making and patient engagement.

PubMed is not a medical condition or term, but rather a biomedical literature search engine and database maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a division of the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM). It provides access to life sciences literature, including journal articles in medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, health care systems, and preclinical sciences.

PubMed contains more than 30 million citations and abstracts from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Many of the citations include links to full-text articles on publishers' websites or through NCBI's DocSumo service. Researchers, healthcare professionals, students, and the general public use PubMed to find relevant and reliable information in the biomedical literature for research, education, and patient care purposes.

Computational biology is a branch of biology that uses mathematical and computational methods to study biological data, models, and processes. It involves the development and application of algorithms, statistical models, and computational approaches to analyze and interpret large-scale molecular and phenotypic data from genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and other high-throughput technologies. The goal is to gain insights into biological systems and processes, develop predictive models, and inform experimental design and hypothesis testing in the life sciences. Computational biology encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including bioinformatics, systems biology, computational genomics, network biology, and mathematical modeling of biological systems.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Natural Language Processing" (NLP) is actually a subfield of artificial intelligence that focuses on the interaction between computers and human language. It involves developing algorithms and software to understand, interpret, and generate human language in a valuable way.

In a medical context, NLP can be used to analyze electronic health records, clinical notes, and other forms of medical documentation to extract meaningful information, support clinical decision-making, and improve patient care. For example, NLP can help identify patients at risk for certain conditions, monitor treatment responses, and detect adverse drug events.

However, NLP is not a medical term or concept itself, so it doesn't have a specific medical definition.

A genetic database is a type of biomedical or health informatics database that stores and organizes genetic data, such as DNA sequences, gene maps, genotypes, haplotypes, and phenotype information. These databases can be used for various purposes, including research, clinical diagnosis, and personalized medicine.

There are different types of genetic databases, including:

1. Genomic databases: These databases store whole genome sequences, gene expression data, and other genomic information. Examples include the National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) GenBank, the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ).
2. Gene databases: These databases contain information about specific genes, including their location, function, regulation, and evolution. Examples include the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database, the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt), and the Gene Ontology (GO) database.
3. Variant databases: These databases store information about genetic variants, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), insertions/deletions (INDELs), and copy number variations (CNVs). Examples include the Database of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (dbSNP), the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC), and the International HapMap Project.
4. Clinical databases: These databases contain genetic and clinical information about patients, such as their genotype, phenotype, family history, and response to treatments. Examples include the ClinVar database, the Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGKB), and the Genetic Testing Registry (GTR).
5. Population databases: These databases store genetic information about different populations, including their ancestry, demographics, and genetic diversity. Examples include the 1000 Genomes Project, the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP), and the Allele Frequency Net Database (AFND).

Genetic databases can be publicly accessible or restricted to authorized users, depending on their purpose and content. They play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of genetics and genomics, as well as improving healthcare and personalized medicine.

An algorithm is not a medical term, but rather a concept from computer science and mathematics. In the context of medicine, algorithms are often used to describe step-by-step procedures for diagnosing or managing medical conditions. These procedures typically involve a series of rules or decision points that help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care.

For example, an algorithm for diagnosing a particular type of heart disease might involve taking a patient's medical history, performing a physical exam, ordering certain diagnostic tests, and interpreting the results in a specific way. By following this algorithm, healthcare professionals can ensure that they are using a consistent and evidence-based approach to making a diagnosis.

Algorithms can also be used to guide treatment decisions. For instance, an algorithm for managing diabetes might involve setting target blood sugar levels, recommending certain medications or lifestyle changes based on the patient's individual needs, and monitoring the patient's response to treatment over time.

Overall, algorithms are valuable tools in medicine because they help standardize clinical decision-making and ensure that patients receive high-quality care based on the latest scientific evidence.

I am not aware of a widely accepted medical definition for the term "software," as it is more commonly used in the context of computer science and technology. Software refers to programs, data, and instructions that are used by computers to perform various tasks. It does not have direct relevance to medical fields such as anatomy, physiology, or clinical practice. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

A Database Management System (DBMS) is a software application that enables users to define, create, maintain, and manipulate databases. It provides a structured way to organize, store, retrieve, and manage data in a digital format. The DBMS serves as an interface between the database and the applications or users that access it, allowing for standardized interactions and data access methods. Common functions of a DBMS include data definition, data manipulation, data security, data recovery, and concurrent data access control. Examples of DBMS include MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and MongoDB.

A factual database in the medical context is a collection of organized and structured data that contains verified and accurate information related to medicine, healthcare, or health sciences. These databases serve as reliable resources for various stakeholders, including healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and patients, to access evidence-based information for making informed decisions and enhancing knowledge.

Examples of factual medical databases include:

1. PubMed: A comprehensive database of biomedical literature maintained by the US National Library of Medicine (NLM). It contains citations and abstracts from life sciences journals, books, and conference proceedings.
2. MEDLINE: A subset of PubMed, MEDLINE focuses on high-quality, peer-reviewed articles related to biomedicine and health. It is the primary component of the NLM's database and serves as a critical resource for healthcare professionals and researchers worldwide.
3. Cochrane Library: A collection of systematic reviews and meta-analyses focused on evidence-based medicine. The library aims to provide unbiased, high-quality information to support clinical decision-making and improve patient outcomes.
4. OVID: A platform that offers access to various medical and healthcare databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO. It facilitates the search and retrieval of relevant literature for researchers, clinicians, and students.
5. ClinicalTrials.gov: A registry and results database of publicly and privately supported clinical studies conducted around the world. The platform aims to increase transparency and accessibility of clinical trial data for healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients.
6. UpToDate: An evidence-based, physician-authored clinical decision support resource that provides information on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of medical conditions. It serves as a point-of-care tool for healthcare professionals to make informed decisions and improve patient care.
7. TRIP Database: A search engine designed to facilitate evidence-based medicine by providing quick access to high-quality resources, including systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, and practice recommendations.
8. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC): A database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents developed through a rigorous review process. The NGC aims to provide clinicians, healthcare providers, and policymakers with reliable guidance for patient care.
9. DrugBank: A comprehensive, freely accessible online database containing detailed information about drugs, their mechanisms, interactions, and targets. It serves as a valuable resource for researchers, healthcare professionals, and students in the field of pharmacology and drug discovery.
10. Genetic Testing Registry (GTR): A database that provides centralized information about genetic tests, test developers, laboratories offering tests, and clinical validity and utility of genetic tests. It serves as a resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients to make informed decisions regarding genetic testing.

Medline is not a medical condition or term, but rather a biomedical bibliographic database, which is a component of the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)'s PubMed system. It contains citations and abstracts from scientific literature in the fields of life sciences, biomedicine, and clinical medicine, with a focus on articles published in peer-reviewed journals. Medline covers a wide range of topics, including research articles, reviews, clinical trials, and case reports. The database is updated daily and provides access to over 26 million references from the years 1946 to the present. It's an essential resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, and students in the biomedical field.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

A User-Computer Interface (also known as Human-Computer Interaction) refers to the point at which a person (user) interacts with a computer system. This can include both hardware and software components, such as keyboards, mice, touchscreens, and graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The design of the user-computer interface is crucial in determining the usability and accessibility of a computer system for the user. A well-designed interface should be intuitive, efficient, and easy to use, minimizing the cognitive load on the user and allowing them to effectively accomplish their tasks.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the medical context refers to the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, particularly computer systems. These processes include learning (the acquisition of information and rules for using the information), reasoning (using the rules to reach approximate or definite conclusions), and self-correction.

In healthcare, AI is increasingly being used to analyze large amounts of data, identify patterns, make decisions, and perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence. This can include tasks such as diagnosing diseases, recommending treatments, personalizing patient care, and improving clinical workflows.

Examples of AI in medicine include machine learning algorithms that analyze medical images to detect signs of disease, natural language processing tools that extract relevant information from electronic health records, and robot-assisted surgery systems that enable more precise and minimally invasive procedures.

Abstracting and indexing are processes used in the field of information science to organize, summarize, and categorize published literature, making it easier for researchers and other interested individuals to find and access relevant information.

Abstracting involves creating a brief summary of a publication, typically no longer than a few hundred words, that captures its key points and findings. This summary is known as an abstract and provides readers with a quick overview of the publication's content, allowing them to determine whether it is worth reading in full.

Indexing, on the other hand, involves categorizing publications according to their subject matter, using a controlled vocabulary or set of keywords. This makes it easier for users to search for and find publications on specific topics, as they can simply look up the relevant keyword or subject heading in the index.

Together, abstracting and indexing are essential tools for managing the vast and growing amount of published literature in any given field. They help ensure that important research findings and other information are easily discoverable and accessible to those who need them, thereby facilitating the dissemination of knowledge and advancing scientific progress.

A protein database is a type of biological database that contains information about proteins and their structures, functions, sequences, and interactions with other molecules. These databases can include experimentally determined data, such as protein sequences derived from DNA sequencing or mass spectrometry, as well as predicted data based on computational methods.

Some examples of protein databases include:

1. UniProtKB: a comprehensive protein database that provides information about protein sequences, functions, and structures, as well as literature references and links to other resources.
2. PDB (Protein Data Bank): a database of three-dimensional protein structures determined by experimental methods such as X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.
3. BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool): a web-based tool that allows users to compare a query protein sequence against a protein database to identify similar sequences and potential functional relationships.
4. InterPro: a database of protein families, domains, and functional sites that provides information about protein function based on sequence analysis and other data.
5. STRING (Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins): a database of known and predicted protein-protein interactions, including physical and functional associations.

Protein databases are essential tools in proteomics research, enabling researchers to study protein function, evolution, and interaction networks on a large scale.

I'm happy to help, but I need to clarify that "workflow" is not a medical term per se. It is a term used in many fields, including healthcare, to describe a series of steps or tasks that are necessary to complete a process or task. In the context of healthcare, workflows often refer to the processes and procedures involved in delivering care to patients.

A medical definition of "workflow" might be:

The sequence of tasks or activities involved in providing clinical care to patients, including assessment, diagnosis, treatment planning, intervention, monitoring, and follow-up. Workflows may involve multiple healthcare providers, such as physicians, nurses, therapists, and other staff members, and may be supported by technology, such as electronic health records (EHRs) or other clinical information systems. Effective workflow design is critical to ensuring safe, timely, and efficient care delivery.

A controlled vocabulary in a medical context refers to a specific set of standardized terms and phrases that are used in clinical documentation and communication. These vocabularies are often created and maintained by professional organizations or governmental bodies to ensure consistency, accuracy, and interoperability in the sharing and retrieval of health information.

Controlled vocabularies can include terminologies such as Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED), International Classification of Diseases (ICD), Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC), and RxNorm, among others. By using a controlled vocabulary, healthcare providers can more easily share and analyze health data, support clinical decision-making, and facilitate accurate coding and billing.

Genomics is the scientific study of genes and their functions. It involves the sequencing and analysis of an organism's genome, which is its complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Genomics also includes the study of how genes interact with each other and with the environment. This field of study can provide important insights into the genetic basis of diseases and can lead to the development of new diagnostic tools and treatments.

Automated Pattern Recognition in a medical context refers to the use of computer algorithms and artificial intelligence techniques to identify, classify, and analyze specific patterns or trends in medical data. This can include recognizing visual patterns in medical images, such as X-rays or MRIs, or identifying patterns in large datasets of physiological measurements or electronic health records.

The goal of automated pattern recognition is to assist healthcare professionals in making more accurate diagnoses, monitoring disease progression, and developing personalized treatment plans. By automating the process of pattern recognition, it can help reduce human error, increase efficiency, and improve patient outcomes.

Examples of automated pattern recognition in medicine include using machine learning algorithms to identify early signs of diabetic retinopathy in eye scans or detecting abnormal heart rhythms in electrocardiograms (ECGs). These techniques can also be used to predict patient risk based on patterns in their medical history, such as identifying patients who are at high risk for readmission to the hospital.

"Terminology as a topic" in the context of medical education and practice refers to the study and use of specialized language and terms within the field of medicine. This includes understanding the meaning, origins, and appropriate usage of medical terminology in order to effectively communicate among healthcare professionals and with patients. It may also involve studying the evolution and cultural significance of medical terminology. The importance of "terminology as a topic" lies in promoting clear and accurate communication, which is essential for providing safe and effective patient care.

Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) are short, single-pass DNA sequences that are derived from cDNA libraries. They represent a quick and cost-effective method for large-scale sequencing of gene transcripts and provide an unbiased view of the genes being actively expressed in a particular tissue or developmental stage. ESTs can be used to identify and study new genes, to analyze patterns of gene expression, and to develop molecular markers for genetic mapping and genome analysis.

Gene expression profiling is a laboratory technique used to measure the activity (expression) of thousands of genes at once. This technique allows researchers and clinicians to identify which genes are turned on or off in a particular cell, tissue, or organism under specific conditions, such as during health, disease, development, or in response to various treatments.

The process typically involves isolating RNA from the cells or tissues of interest, converting it into complementary DNA (cDNA), and then using microarray or high-throughput sequencing technologies to determine which genes are expressed and at what levels. The resulting data can be used to identify patterns of gene expression that are associated with specific biological states or processes, providing valuable insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms of diseases and potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

In recent years, gene expression profiling has become an essential tool in various fields, including cancer research, drug discovery, and personalized medicine, where it is used to identify biomarkers of disease, predict patient outcomes, and guide treatment decisions.

A bibliographic database is a type of database that contains records of publications, such as books, articles, and conference proceedings. These records typically include bibliographic information, such as the title, author, publication date, and source of the publication. Some bibliographic databases also include abstracts or summaries of the publications, and many provide links to the full text of the publications if they are available online.

Bibliographic databases are used in a variety of fields, including academia, medicine, and industry, to locate relevant publications on a particular topic. They can be searched using keywords, author names, and other criteria. Some bibliographic databases are general, covering a wide range of topics, while others are specialized and focus on a specific subject area.

In the medical field, bibliographic databases such as MEDLINE and PubMed are widely used to search for articles related to biomedical research, clinical practice, and public health. These databases contain records of articles from thousands of biomedical journals and can be searched using keywords, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms, and other criteria.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Uranium" is not a medical term. It is a chemical element with the symbol "U" and atomic number 92. Uranium is a dense, silvery-gray metal that is hard and brittle at room temperature. It's primarily used as a fuel in nuclear power plants and in the manufacture of weapons.

While uranium does not have direct medical applications, it does pose potential health risks due to its radioactivity. Exposure to high levels of radiation from uranium can lead to acute radiation sickness, anemia, and an increased risk of cancer. However, under normal circumstances, the general public is not exposed to significant amounts of uranium, so it's not a common health concern.

Pneumoconiosis is a group of lung diseases caused by inhaling dust particles, leading to fibrosis or scarring of the lungs. The type of pneumoconiosis depends on the specific dust inhaled. Examples include coal worker's pneumoconiosis (from coal dust), silicosis (from crystalline silica dust), and asbestosis (from asbestos fibers). These diseases are generally preventable by minimizing exposure to harmful dusts through proper engineering controls, protective equipment, and workplace safety regulations.

Computer graphics is the field of study and practice related to creating images and visual content using computer technology. It involves various techniques, algorithms, and tools for generating, manipulating, and rendering digital images and models. These can include 2D and 3D modeling, animation, rendering, visualization, and image processing. Computer graphics is used in a wide range of applications, including video games, movies, scientific simulations, medical imaging, architectural design, and data visualization.

Cluster analysis is a statistical method used to group similar objects or data points together based on their characteristics or features. In medical and healthcare research, cluster analysis can be used to identify patterns or relationships within complex datasets, such as patient records or genetic information. This technique can help researchers to classify patients into distinct subgroups based on their symptoms, diagnoses, or other variables, which can inform more personalized treatment plans or public health interventions.

Cluster analysis involves several steps, including:

1. Data preparation: The researcher must first collect and clean the data, ensuring that it is complete and free from errors. This may involve removing outlier values or missing data points.
2. Distance measurement: Next, the researcher must determine how to measure the distance between each pair of data points. Common methods include Euclidean distance (the straight-line distance between two points) or Manhattan distance (the distance between two points along a grid).
3. Clustering algorithm: The researcher then applies a clustering algorithm, which groups similar data points together based on their distances from one another. Common algorithms include hierarchical clustering (which creates a tree-like structure of clusters) or k-means clustering (which assigns each data point to the nearest centroid).
4. Validation: Finally, the researcher must validate the results of the cluster analysis by evaluating the stability and robustness of the clusters. This may involve re-running the analysis with different distance measures or clustering algorithms, or comparing the results to external criteria.

Cluster analysis is a powerful tool for identifying patterns and relationships within complex datasets, but it requires careful consideration of the data preparation, distance measurement, and validation steps to ensure accurate and meaningful results.

A decision tree is a graphical representation of possible solutions to a decision based on certain conditions. It is a predictive modeling tool commonly used in statistics, data mining, and machine learning. In the medical field, decision trees can be used for clinical decision-making and predicting patient outcomes based on various factors such as symptoms, test results, or demographic information.

In a decision tree, each internal node represents a feature or attribute, and each branch represents a possible value or outcome of that feature. The leaves of the tree represent the final decisions or predictions. Decision trees are constructed by recursively partitioning the data into subsets based on the most significant attributes until a stopping criterion is met.

Decision trees can be used for both classification and regression tasks, making them versatile tools in medical research and practice. They can help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care, identify high-risk patients, and develop personalized treatment plans. However, it's important to note that decision trees are only as good as the data they are trained on, and their accuracy may be affected by biases or limitations in the data.

Drug repositioning, also known as drug repurposing or therapeutic switching, refers to the process of discovering new uses for approved or investigational drugs that are outside the scope of their original medical indication. This strategy leverages existing knowledge about a drug's safety, efficacy, and pharmacological properties to expedite development and reduce costs compared to de novo drug discovery. By finding new therapeutic applications for existing drugs, drug repositioning can provide faster and more cost-effective treatment options for various diseases, including neglected and rare disorders.

Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis is a type of microarray analysis that allows for the simultaneous measurement of the expression levels of thousands of genes in a single sample. In this technique, oligonucleotides (short DNA sequences) are attached to a solid support, such as a glass slide, in a specific pattern. These oligonucleotides are designed to be complementary to specific target mRNA sequences from the sample being analyzed.

During the analysis, labeled RNA or cDNA from the sample is hybridized to the oligonucleotide array. The level of hybridization is then measured and used to determine the relative abundance of each target sequence in the sample. This information can be used to identify differences in gene expression between samples, which can help researchers understand the underlying biological processes involved in various diseases or developmental stages.

It's important to note that this technique requires specialized equipment and bioinformatics tools for data analysis, as well as careful experimental design and validation to ensure accurate and reproducible results.

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. Gold is typically a chemical element with the symbol Au and atomic number 79. It is a dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions.

However, if you are referring to "Gold" in the context of medical terminology, it may refer to:

1. Gold salts: These are a group of compounds that contain gold and are used in medicine for their anti-inflammatory properties. They have been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, although they have largely been replaced by newer drugs with fewer side effects.
2. Gold implants: In some cases, a small amount of gold may be surgically implanted into the eye to treat conditions such as age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy. The gold helps to hold the retina in place and can improve vision in some patients.
3. Gold thread embedment: This is an alternative therapy used in traditional Chinese medicine, where gold threads are embedded into the skin or acupuncture points for therapeutic purposes. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support its effectiveness.

I hope this information helps! If you have any further questions, please let me know.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Systems Integration" is not a medical term per se. It is a term more commonly used in the fields of engineering, computer science, and information technology. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

Systems Integration refers to the process of combining different sub-systems or components into a single, cohesive system to allow seamless communication and data exchange between them. This integration aims to improve efficiency, performance, and overall functionality by unifying various standalone systems into an interconnected network that behaves as a unified whole.

In the context of healthcare, systems integration can be applied to merge different electronic health record (EHR) systems, medical devices, or other healthcare technologies to create a comprehensive, interoperable healthcare information system. This facilitates better care coordination, data sharing, and decision-making among healthcare providers, ultimately enhancing patient outcomes and satisfaction.

I apologize for any confusion, but "coal" is not a medical term. Coal is a black or brownish-black sedimentary rock that is formed from the accumulation and preservation of plant materials, usually in a swamp environment. It is commonly used as a fuel source due to its high carbon content. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them.

In a medical context, documentation refers to the process of recording and maintaining written or electronic records of a patient's health status, medical history, treatment plans, medications, and other relevant information. The purpose of medical documentation is to provide clear and accurate communication among healthcare providers, to support clinical decision-making, to ensure continuity of care, to meet legal and regulatory requirements, and to facilitate research and quality improvement initiatives.

Medical documentation typically includes various types of records such as:

1. Patient's demographic information, including name, date of birth, gender, and contact details.
2. Medical history, including past illnesses, surgeries, allergies, and family medical history.
3. Physical examination findings, laboratory and diagnostic test results, and diagnoses.
4. Treatment plans, including medications, therapies, procedures, and follow-up care.
5. Progress notes, which document the patient's response to treatment and any changes in their condition over time.
6. Consultation notes, which record communication between healthcare providers regarding a patient's care.
7. Discharge summaries, which provide an overview of the patient's hospital stay, including diagnoses, treatments, and follow-up plans.

Medical documentation must be clear, concise, accurate, and timely, and it should adhere to legal and ethical standards. Healthcare providers are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of patients' medical records and ensuring that they are accessible only to authorized personnel.

A nucleic acid database is a type of biological database that contains sequence, structure, and functional information about nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. These databases are used in various fields of biology, including genomics, molecular biology, and bioinformatics, to store, search, and analyze nucleic acid data.

Some common types of nucleic acid databases include:

1. Nucleotide sequence databases: These databases contain the primary nucleotide sequences of DNA and RNA molecules from various organisms. Examples include GenBank, EMBL-Bank, and DDBJ.
2. Structure databases: These databases contain three-dimensional structures of nucleic acids determined by experimental methods such as X-ray crystallography or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Examples include the Protein Data Bank (PDB) and the Nucleic Acid Database (NDB).
3. Functional databases: These databases contain information about the functions of nucleic acids, such as their roles in gene regulation, transcription, and translation. Examples include the Gene Ontology (GO) database and the RegulonDB.
4. Genome databases: These databases contain genomic data for various organisms, including whole-genome sequences, gene annotations, and genetic variations. Examples include the Human Genome Database (HGD) and the Ensembl Genome Browser.
5. Comparative databases: These databases allow for the comparison of nucleic acid sequences or structures across different species or conditions. Examples include the Comparative RNA Web (CRW) Site and the Sequence Alignment and Modeling (SAM) system.

Nucleic acid databases are essential resources for researchers to study the structure, function, and evolution of nucleic acids, as well as to develop new tools and methods for analyzing and interpreting nucleic acid data.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "knowledge bases" is a general term that refers to structured collections of knowledge in a specific field or area, and it is not a medical term with a defined meaning in the medical field. Knowledge bases can be found in many fields, including medicine, and they typically take the form of databases or repositories of information that are used to store, organize, and retrieve knowledge. In the medical field, knowledge bases might include information about diseases, treatments, medications, and other medical topics. They can be used by healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients to access accurate and reliable information.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "soil pollutants" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Soil pollution refers to the presence or accumulation of hazardous substances, chemicals, or other pollutants in soil that can have negative effects on plant life, human health, and the environment.

However, if you're asking about potential health effects of exposure to soil pollutants, it could include a variety of symptoms or diseases, depending on the specific pollutant. For example, exposure to lead-contaminated soil can lead to developmental delays in children, while exposure to certain pesticides or industrial chemicals can cause neurological problems, respiratory issues, and even cancer.

If you have more specific information about a particular substance or context, I may be able to provide a more precise answer.

"Dictionaries as Topic" is a medical subject heading (MeSH) that refers to the study or discussion of dictionaries as a reference source in the field of medicine. Dictionaries used in this context are specialized works that provide definitions and explanations of medical terms, concepts, and technologies. They serve as important tools for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and patients to communicate effectively and accurately about health and disease.

Medical dictionaries can cover a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, diagnostic procedures, treatment methods, and medical ethics. They may also provide information on medical eponyms, abbreviations, symbols, and units of measurement. Some medical dictionaries are general in scope, while others focus on specific areas of medicine or healthcare, such as nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, or alternative medicine.

The use of medical dictionaries can help to ensure that medical terminology is used consistently and correctly, which is essential for accurate diagnosis, treatment planning, and communication among healthcare providers and between providers and patients. Medical dictionaries can also be useful for non-medical professionals who need to understand medical terms in the context of their work, such as lawyers, journalists, and policymakers.

In the context of medicine, "publications" typically refers to the dissemination of research findings or other medical information through various forms of media. This can include:

1. Peer-reviewed journals: These are scientific or medical publications that undergo a rigorous review process by experts in the field before they are accepted for publication. They represent some of the most reliable sources of medical information.

2. Conference proceedings: Medical conferences often publish abstracts, presentations, or posters from the event. These can provide early insights into ongoing research and new developments in the field.

3. Books and book chapters: Medical texts and reference books are a common form of publication, offering comprehensive overviews of specific topics or conditions.

4. Online platforms: Websites, blogs, and social media platforms have become increasingly popular ways to share medical information. While these can be valuable resources, it's important to critically evaluate the quality and reliability of the information presented.

5. News articles and press releases: Media outlets may report on new medical research or developments, although these should also be approached with caution as they may not always accurately represent the findings or context of the original research.

It's worth noting that all publications should be evaluated based on their source, methodology, and relevance to the specific question or issue at hand.

Protein interaction mapping is a research approach used to identify and characterize the physical interactions between different proteins within a cell or organism. This process often involves the use of high-throughput experimental techniques, such as yeast two-hybrid screening, mass spectrometry-based approaches, or protein fragment complementation assays, to detect and quantify the binding affinities of protein pairs. The resulting data is then used to construct a protein interaction network, which can provide insights into functional relationships between proteins, help elucidate cellular pathways, and inform our understanding of biological processes in health and disease.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "semantics" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Semantics is actually a branch of linguistics that deals with the study of meaning, reference, and the interpretation of signs and symbols, either individually or in combination. It is used in various fields including computer science, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

However, if you have any medical terms or concepts that you would like me to explain, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "satellite imagery" is not a medical term. It refers to photographs or images taken from satellites orbiting the Earth. These images are used in various fields, including meteorology, geology, agriculture, and military surveillance, among others. They can provide information about large-scale phenomena such as weather patterns, natural disasters, and environmental changes. However, they are not typically used in medical contexts.

Decision Support Systems (DSS) in the context of management refer to computerized systems that help managers and decision-makers make informed decisions by providing data, models, and analytical tools. DSSs are designed to augment human judgment and expertise by providing access to relevant information, identifying patterns and trends, and simulating different scenarios.

DSSs in management can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

1. Data analysis: DSSs can analyze large datasets to identify trends, correlations, and other insights that can inform decision-making. This can include data visualization tools, statistical models, and machine learning algorithms.
2. Modeling and simulation: DSSs can help managers simulate different scenarios and model the potential outcomes of various decisions. This can include financial modeling, risk analysis, and what-if scenario planning.
3. Collaboration and communication: DSSs can facilitate collaboration and communication among team members, stakeholders, and other decision-makers. This can include features like shared workspaces, discussion forums, and document management systems.
4. Knowledge management: DSSs can help managers capture, organize, and share knowledge and expertise across the organization. This can include features like expert systems, ontologies, and semantic networks.

DSSs in management are typically used to support semi-structured and unstructured decision-making processes, where there is no clear-cut solution or where the problem requires a high degree of expertise and judgment. They are designed to be flexible, adaptable, and user-friendly, allowing managers to customize their use to fit their specific needs and preferences.

Molecular sequence annotation is the process of identifying and describing the characteristics, functional elements, and relevant information of a DNA, RNA, or protein sequence at the molecular level. This process involves marking the location and function of various features such as genes, regulatory regions, coding and non-coding sequences, intron-exon boundaries, promoters, introns, untranslated regions (UTRs), binding sites for proteins or other molecules, and post-translational modifications in a given molecular sequence.

The annotation can be manual, where experts curate and analyze the data to predict features based on biological knowledge and experimental evidence. Alternatively, computational methods using various bioinformatics tools and algorithms can be employed for automated annotation. These tools often rely on comparative analysis, pattern recognition, and machine learning techniques to identify conserved sequence patterns, motifs, or domains that are associated with specific functions.

The annotated molecular sequences serve as valuable resources in genomic and proteomic studies, contributing to the understanding of gene function, evolutionary relationships, disease associations, and biotechnological applications.

Occupational exposure refers to the contact of an individual with potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents as a result of their job or occupation. This can include exposure to hazardous substances such as chemicals, heavy metals, or dusts; physical agents such as noise, radiation, or ergonomic stressors; and biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi.

Occupational exposure can occur through various routes, including inhalation, skin contact, ingestion, or injection. Prolonged or repeated exposure to these hazards can increase the risk of developing acute or chronic health conditions, such as respiratory diseases, skin disorders, neurological damage, or cancer.

Employers have a legal and ethical responsibility to minimize occupational exposures through the implementation of appropriate control measures, including engineering controls, administrative controls, personal protective equipment, and training programs. Regular monitoring and surveillance of workers' health can also help identify and prevent potential health hazards in the workplace.

A database, in the context of medical informatics, is a structured set of data organized in a way that allows for efficient storage, retrieval, and analysis. Databases are used extensively in healthcare to store and manage various types of information, including patient records, clinical trials data, research findings, and genetic data.

As a topic, "Databases" in medicine can refer to the design, implementation, management, and use of these databases. It may also encompass issues related to data security, privacy, and interoperability between different healthcare systems and databases. Additionally, it can involve the development and application of database technologies for specific medical purposes, such as clinical decision support, outcomes research, and personalized medicine.

Overall, databases play a critical role in modern healthcare by enabling evidence-based practice, improving patient care, advancing medical research, and informing health policy decisions.

Protein sequence analysis is the systematic examination and interpretation of the amino acid sequence of a protein to understand its structure, function, evolutionary relationships, and other biological properties. It involves various computational methods and tools to analyze the primary structure of proteins, which is the linear arrangement of amino acids along the polypeptide chain.

Protein sequence analysis can provide insights into several aspects, such as:

1. Identification of functional domains, motifs, or sites within a protein that may be responsible for its specific biochemical activities.
2. Comparison of homologous sequences from different organisms to infer evolutionary relationships and determine the degree of similarity or divergence among them.
3. Prediction of secondary and tertiary structures based on patterns of amino acid composition, hydrophobicity, and charge distribution.
4. Detection of post-translational modifications that may influence protein function, localization, or stability.
5. Identification of protease cleavage sites, signal peptides, or other sequence features that play a role in protein processing and targeting.

Some common techniques used in protein sequence analysis include:

1. Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA): A method to align multiple protein sequences to identify conserved regions, gaps, and variations.
2. BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool): A widely-used tool for comparing a query protein sequence against a database of known sequences to find similarities and infer function or evolutionary relationships.
3. Hidden Markov Models (HMMs): Statistical models used to describe the probability distribution of amino acid sequences in protein families, allowing for more sensitive detection of remote homologs.
4. Protein structure prediction: Methods that use various computational approaches to predict the three-dimensional structure of a protein based on its amino acid sequence.
5. Phylogenetic analysis: The construction and interpretation of evolutionary trees (phylogenies) based on aligned protein sequences, which can provide insights into the historical relationships among organisms or proteins.

I'm afraid there seems to be a misunderstanding. Programming languages are a field of study in computer science and are not related to medicine. They are used to create computer programs, through the composition of symbols and words. Some popular programming languages include Python, Java, C++, and JavaScript. If you have any questions about programming or computer science, I'd be happy to try and help answer them!

Radon is a colorless, odorless, radioactive gas that occurs as a result of the decay of radium in rocks and soil. It is denser than air and can accumulate in buildings, particularly in basements and lower levels without adequate ventilation. Inhalation of high concentrations of radon over time can increase the risk of developing lung cancer. Radon is measured in units of picocuries per liter (pCi/L) or becquerels per cubic meter (Bq/m3).

Silicosis is a lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust. It is characterized by the formation of nodular lesions and fibrosis (scarring) in the upper lobes of the lungs, which can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, and fatigue. The severity of the disease depends on the duration and intensity of exposure to silica dust. Chronic silicosis is the most common form and develops after prolonged exposure, while acute silicosis can occur after brief, intense exposures. There is no cure for silicosis, and treatment is focused on managing symptoms and preventing further lung damage.

Occupational accidents are defined as unexpected and unplanned events that occur in the context of work and lead to physical or mental harm. These accidents can be caused by a variety of factors, including unsafe working conditions, lack of proper training, or failure to use appropriate personal protective equipment. Occupational accidents can result in injuries, illnesses, or even death, and can have significant impacts on individuals, families, and communities. In many cases, occupational accidents are preventable through the implementation of effective safety measures and risk management strategies.

Proteins are complex, large molecules that play critical roles in the body's functions. They are made up of amino acids, which are organic compounds that are the building blocks of proteins. Proteins are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs. They are essential for the growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues, and they play a crucial role in many biological processes, including metabolism, immune response, and cellular signaling. Proteins can be classified into different types based on their structure and function, such as enzymes, hormones, antibodies, and structural proteins. They are found in various foods, especially animal-derived products like meat, dairy, and eggs, as well as plant-based sources like beans, nuts, and grains.

Amphibole asbestos is a type of asbestos mineral that includes several subtypes such as tremolite, actinolite, and crocidolite. These minerals have double-chain structures and are typically composed of iron and magnesium ions. Amphibole asbestos fibers are straight or slightly curved, and they are more brittle than chrysotile (white asbestos) fibers.

Amphibole asbestos is known to be more hazardous to human health than chrysotile asbestos because it is more easily inhaled and can penetrate deeper into the lungs. Amphibole asbestos has been linked to an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma, and other respiratory diseases. Its use has been banned or restricted in many countries due to these health concerns.

In medical terms, "dust" is not defined as a specific medical condition or disease. However, generally speaking, dust refers to small particles of solid matter that can be found in the air and can come from various sources, such as soil, pollen, hair, textiles, paper, or plastic.

Exposure to certain types of dust, such as those containing allergens, chemicals, or harmful pathogens, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, and lung diseases. Prolonged exposure to certain types of dust, such as silica or asbestos, can even lead to serious conditions like silicosis or mesothelioma.

Therefore, it is important for individuals who work in environments with high levels of dust to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing masks and respirators, to minimize their exposure and reduce the risk of health problems.

A multigene family is a group of genetically related genes that share a common ancestry and have similar sequences or structures. These genes are arranged in clusters on a chromosome and often encode proteins with similar functions. They can arise through various mechanisms, including gene duplication, recombination, and transposition. Multigene families play crucial roles in many biological processes, such as development, immunity, and metabolism. Examples of multigene families include the globin genes involved in oxygen transport, the immune system's major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes, and the cytochrome P450 genes associated with drug metabolism.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "industrial waste" is not a term that has a medical definition. Industrial waste is a term used to describe waste produced by industrial activities, such as manufacturing, mining, and construction. It can include a wide variety of materials, including chemicals, metals, soil, and water. Proper management and disposal of industrial waste are important for protecting the environment and public health. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medical terminology, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

DNA Sequence Analysis is the systematic determination of the order of nucleotides in a DNA molecule. It is a critical component of modern molecular biology, genetics, and genetic engineering. The process involves determining the exact order of the four nucleotide bases - adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T) - in a DNA molecule or fragment. This information is used in various applications such as identifying gene mutations, studying evolutionary relationships, developing molecular markers for breeding, and diagnosing genetic diseases.

The process of DNA Sequence Analysis typically involves several steps, including DNA extraction, PCR amplification (if necessary), purification, sequencing reaction, and electrophoresis. The resulting data is then analyzed using specialized software to determine the exact sequence of nucleotides.

In recent years, high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized the field of genomics, enabling the rapid and cost-effective sequencing of entire genomes. This has led to an explosion of genomic data and new insights into the genetic basis of many diseases and traits.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "search engine" is not a medical term. It is a term used in the field of information technology and refers to a software system or application that searches for items in a database, on the World Wide Web, or within an intranet and returns relevant results based on specific keywords or phrases input by the user. Examples of popular search engines include Google, Bing, and Yahoo.

If you have any medical questions or concerns, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you.

In genetics, sequence alignment is the process of arranging two or more DNA, RNA, or protein sequences to identify regions of similarity or homology between them. This is often done using computational methods to compare the nucleotide or amino acid sequences and identify matching patterns, which can provide insight into evolutionary relationships, functional domains, or potential genetic disorders. The alignment process typically involves adjusting gaps and mismatches in the sequences to maximize the similarity between them, resulting in an aligned sequence that can be visually represented and analyzed.

Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) are complex systems of molecular interactions that regulate the expression of genes within an organism. These networks consist of various types of regulatory elements, including transcription factors, enhancers, promoters, and silencers, which work together to control when, where, and to what extent a gene is expressed.

In GRNs, transcription factors bind to specific DNA sequences in the regulatory regions of target genes, either activating or repressing their transcription into messenger RNA (mRNA). This process is influenced by various intracellular and extracellular signals that modulate the activity of transcription factors, allowing for precise regulation of gene expression in response to changing environmental conditions.

The structure and behavior of GRNs can be represented as a network of nodes (genes) and edges (regulatory interactions), with the strength and directionality of these interactions determined by the specific molecular mechanisms involved. Understanding the organization and dynamics of GRNs is crucial for elucidating the underlying causes of various biological processes, including development, differentiation, homeostasis, and disease.

Statistical data interpretation involves analyzing and interpreting numerical data in order to identify trends, patterns, and relationships. This process often involves the use of statistical methods and tools to organize, summarize, and draw conclusions from the data. The goal is to extract meaningful insights that can inform decision-making, hypothesis testing, or further research.

In medical contexts, statistical data interpretation is used to analyze and make sense of large sets of clinical data, such as patient outcomes, treatment effectiveness, or disease prevalence. This information can help healthcare professionals and researchers better understand the relationships between various factors that impact health outcomes, develop more effective treatments, and identify areas for further study.

Some common statistical methods used in data interpretation include descriptive statistics (e.g., mean, median, mode), inferential statistics (e.g., hypothesis testing, confidence intervals), and regression analysis (e.g., linear, logistic). These methods can help medical professionals identify patterns and trends in the data, assess the significance of their findings, and make evidence-based recommendations for patient care or public health policy.

Heavy metals are a group of elements with a specific gravity at least five times greater than that of water. They include metals such as mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), thallium (Tl), and lead (Pb). These metals are considered toxic when they accumulate in the body beyond certain levels, interfering with various biological processes and causing damage to cells, tissues, and organs.

Heavy metal exposure can occur through various sources, including occupational exposure, contaminated food, water, or air, and improper disposal of electronic waste. Chronic exposure to heavy metals has been linked to several health issues, such as neurological disorders, kidney damage, developmental problems, and cancer. Monitoring and controlling exposure to these elements is essential for maintaining good health and preventing potential adverse effects.

Systems Biology is a multidisciplinary approach to studying biological systems that involves the integration of various scientific disciplines such as biology, mathematics, physics, computer science, and engineering. It aims to understand how biological components, including genes, proteins, metabolites, cells, and organs, interact with each other within the context of the whole system. This approach emphasizes the emergent properties of biological systems that cannot be explained by studying individual components alone. Systems biology often involves the use of computational models to simulate and predict the behavior of complex biological systems and to design experiments for testing hypotheses about their functioning. The ultimate goal of systems biology is to develop a more comprehensive understanding of how biological systems function, with applications in fields such as medicine, agriculture, and bioengineering.

Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) Reporting Systems are spontaneous reporting systems used for monitoring the safety of authorized medicines in clinical practice. These systems collect and manage reports of suspected adverse drug reactions from healthcare professionals, patients, and pharmaceutical companies. The primary objective of ADR reporting systems is to identify new risks or previously unrecognized risks associated with the use of a medication, monitor the frequency and severity of known adverse effects, and contribute to post-marketing surveillance and pharmacovigilance activities.

Healthcare professionals, including physicians, pharmacists, and nurses, are encouraged to voluntarily report any suspected adverse drug reactions they encounter during their practice. In some countries, patients can also directly report any suspected adverse reactions they experience after taking a medication. Pharmaceutical companies are obligated to submit reports of adverse events identified through their own pharmacovigilance activities or from post-marketing surveillance studies.

The data collected through ADR reporting systems are analyzed to identify signals, which are defined as new, changing, or unknown safety concerns related to a medicine or vaccine. Signals are further investigated and evaluated for causality and clinical significance. If a signal is confirmed, regulatory actions may be taken, such as updating the product label, issuing safety communications, or restricting the use of the medication.

Examples of ADR reporting systems include the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) EudraVigilance, and the World Health Organization's (WHO) Uppsala Monitoring Centre.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "West Virginia" is a state located in the Eastern United States, and it is not a medical term or condition. If you have any questions about medical definitions or topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

The Appalachian Region is a geographic and cultural region in the eastern United States that stretches from southern New York to northern Mississippi. It is defined by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) as including 420 counties across 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The ARC defines the region based on its unique economic and social challenges, as well as its distinct cultural heritage.

The Appalachian Region is characterized by a diverse landscape that includes the Appalachian Mountains, valleys, plateaus, and coastal plains. It has a rich history of coal mining, agriculture, and manufacturing, but has also faced significant economic challenges in recent decades due to declines in these industries. The region has higher poverty rates, lower educational attainment levels, and poorer health outcomes compared to the national average.

The medical definition of the Appalachian Region may refer to the unique health challenges that are prevalent in this area. These can include higher rates of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory illnesses due to factors such as poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and environmental exposures related to coal mining and other industries. The region also has a higher rate of opioid addiction and overdose deaths compared to the national average. Public health initiatives and interventions in the Appalachian Region often focus on addressing these specific health disparities and improving overall health outcomes for the population.

Protein interaction maps are graphical representations that illustrate the physical interactions and functional relationships between different proteins in a cell or organism. These maps can be generated through various experimental techniques such as yeast two-hybrid screens, affinity purification mass spectrometry (AP-MS), and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) followed by mass spectrometry. The resulting data is then visualized as a network where nodes represent proteins and edges represent the interactions between them. Protein interaction maps can provide valuable insights into cellular processes, signal transduction pathways, and disease mechanisms, and are widely used in systems biology and network medicine research.

Asbestosis is a chronic lung disease that is caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. It is characterized by scarring (fibrosis) of the lung tissue, which can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. The severity of the disease can range from mild to severe, and it is often progressive, meaning that it tends to worsen over time. Asbestosis is not a malignant condition, but it can increase the risk of developing lung cancer or mesothelioma, which are forms of cancer that are associated with asbestos exposure. The disease is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as chest X-rays or CT scans. There is no cure for asbestosis, but treatment can help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Polygonaceae" is not a medical term. It is a botanical term that refers to a family of flowering plants, also known as the buckwheat family. This family includes various genera such as Polygonum, Rumex, and Reynoutria, among others. Many members of this family are important sources of food, medicine, and ornamental plants.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

Proteomics is the large-scale study and analysis of proteins, including their structures, functions, interactions, modifications, and abundance, in a given cell, tissue, or organism. It involves the identification and quantification of all expressed proteins in a biological sample, as well as the characterization of post-translational modifications, protein-protein interactions, and functional pathways. Proteomics can provide valuable insights into various biological processes, diseases, and drug responses, and has applications in basic research, biomedicine, and clinical diagnostics. The field combines various techniques from molecular biology, chemistry, physics, and bioinformatics to study proteins at a systems level.

Hazardous waste, as defined in the medical context, refers to any waste that poses a substantial danger to public health or the environment. These wastes can be generated from various sources, including industrial processes, healthcare activities, and household items. They often contain properties that make them harmful, such as being toxic, corrosive, reactive, or ignitable.

In the medical field, hazardous waste may include:

1. Infectious waste: Waste contaminated with potentially infectious materials, such as used needles, surgical instruments, and cultures from medical laboratories.
2. Pathological waste: Human or animal tissues, organs, or fluids that may pose a risk of infection.
3. Pharmaceutical waste: Expired, unused, or contaminated medications, including both prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
4. Chemical waste: Including solvents, disinfectants, heavy metals, and other chemicals used in medical laboratories, research facilities, and healthcare settings.
5. Radioactive waste: Materials that emit radiation, such as those used in medical imaging or cancer treatments.

Proper handling, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste are crucial to minimize the risks they pose to human health and the environment. Regulations governing hazardous waste management vary by country and region but generally require proper labeling, containment, transportation, and disposal methods to ensure safety.

A Computerized Medical Record System (CMRS) is a digital version of a patient's paper chart. It contains all of the patient's medical history from multiple providers and can be shared securely between healthcare professionals. A CMRS includes a range of data such as demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data, and radiology reports. The system facilitates the storage, retrieval, and exchange of this information in an efficient manner, and can also provide decision support, alerts, reminders, and tools for performing data analysis and creating reports. It is designed to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare delivery by providing accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive information about patients at the point of care.

'Abbreviations as Topic' in medical terms refers to the use and interpretation of abbreviated words or phrases that are commonly used in the field of medicine. These abbreviations can represent various concepts, such as medical conditions, treatments, procedures, diagnostic tests, and more.

Medical abbreviations are often used in clinical documentation, including patient records, progress notes, orders, and medication administration records. They help healthcare professionals communicate efficiently and effectively, reducing the need for lengthy descriptions and improving clarity in written communication.

However, medical abbreviations can also be a source of confusion and error if they are misinterpreted or used incorrectly. Therefore, it is essential to use standardized abbreviations that are widely recognized and accepted within the medical community. Additionally, healthcare professionals should always ensure that their use of abbreviations does not compromise patient safety or lead to misunderstandings in patient care.

Examples of commonly used medical abbreviations include:

* PT: Physical Therapy
* BP: Blood Pressure
* HR: Heart Rate
* Rx: Prescription
* NPO: Nothing by Mouth
* IV: Intravenous
* IM: Intramuscular
* COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
* MI: Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
* Dx: Diagnosis

It is important to note that some medical abbreviations can have multiple meanings, and their interpretation may depend on the context in which they are used. Therefore, it is essential to use caution when interpreting medical abbreviations and seek clarification if necessary to ensure accurate communication and patient care.

Drug discovery is the process of identifying new chemical entities or biological agents that have the potential to be used as therapeutic or preventive treatments for diseases. This process involves several stages, including target identification, lead identification, hit-to-lead optimization, lead optimization, preclinical development, and clinical trials.

Target identification is the initial stage of drug discovery, where researchers identify a specific molecular target, such as a protein or gene, that plays a key role in the disease process. Lead identification involves screening large libraries of chemical compounds or natural products to find those that interact with the target molecule and have potential therapeutic activity.

Hit-to-lead optimization is the stage where researchers optimize the chemical structure of the lead compound to improve its potency, selectivity, and safety profile. Lead optimization involves further refinement of the compound's structure to create a preclinical development candidate. Preclinical development includes studies in vitro (in test tubes or petri dishes) and in vivo (in animals) to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of the drug candidate.

Clinical trials are conducted in human volunteers to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of the drug candidate in treating the disease. If the drug is found to be safe and effective in clinical trials, it may be approved by regulatory agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients.

Overall, drug discovery is a complex and time-consuming process that requires significant resources, expertise, and collaboration between researchers, clinicians, and industry partners.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a set of files and software developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM). It provides a comprehensive source of biomedical and health-related terms aimed at unifying and standardizing the language used in various areas of the medical field, such as clinical care, research, and education.

The UMLS includes many different vocabularies, classifications, and coding systems, including but not limited to:

* Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine--Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT)
* International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
* Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)
* Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)

By integrating these various terminologies, the UMLS enables more effective searching, information retrieval, and data analysis across different systems and databases. It also supports natural language processing (NLP) applications, such as text mining and clinical decision support systems.

I believe you are asking for a medical explanation or definition of the term "diamond" in a medical context. However, I should clarify that "diamond" is not a commonly used medical term for a specific disease, condition, or diagnostic feature. It's essential to provide more information if it relates to a particular medical concept or usage.

In general, the term "diamond" refers to a clear and colorless form of carbon with a crystalline structure in which each carbon atom is bonded to four other carbon atoms, forming a tetrahedral shape. It's widely known for its use as a valuable gemstone due to its exceptional hardness, brilliance, and fire.

However, there are some tangential medical connections to the term "diamond." For example:

1. Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA): A rare congenital bone marrow failure disorder characterized by a decrease in red blood cell production. It is named after Drs. Louis Diamond and Kenneth Blackfan, who first described it.
2. Turner syndrome with XY sex chromosomes: A rare genetic condition where an individual has only one functional X chromosome instead of the typical pair (XX) found in females. Occasionally, these individuals may have a Y chromosome fragment, often referred to as "mosaic Turner syndrome with XY cells" or "XY gonadal dysgenesis." In this context, the term "XY" is sometimes metaphorically described as a "genetic male's 'diamond in the rough'" due to its rarity and unique characteristics.

If you have more information about how the term "diamond" is being used in your specific medical context, I would be happy to help further clarify or provide additional details.

Biology is the scientific study of living organisms and their vital processes. It deals with the characteristics, classification, and behaviors of plants, animals, and microorganisms, as well as how they interact with each other and the environment. Biology covers a wide range of topics, including genetics, cell biology, evolution, ecology, and physiology. The goal of biological research is to understand the fundamental principles that govern the functioning of living systems and to apply this knowledge to improve human health, agriculture, and the environment.

Neosartorya is a genus of filamentous fungi that are closely related to Aspergillus. These fungi are commonly found in the environment, particularly in soil and decaying plant material. Some species of Neosartorya can cause invasive infections in humans, particularly in immunocompromised individuals.

Neosartorya species are characterized by their ability to produce a sexual stage (teleomorph) that is distinct from their asexual stage (anamorph). The teleomorph stage is often referred to as the "Aspergillus-like" state, as it resembles the morphology of Aspergillus species. However, Neosartorya species can be distinguished from Aspergillus species by their ability to produce a characteristic orange or red pigment in their conidia (spores).

Infections caused by Neosartorya species are rare but can be serious and difficult to treat. They often present as invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, which is characterized by the growth of fungal hyphae in the lungs and surrounding tissues. Treatment typically involves the use of antifungal medications such as voriconazole or amphotericin B.

Toxicogenetics is not a widely recognized medical term, but it generally refers to the study of how genetic factors influence an individual's susceptibility or response to environmental toxicants. It is a multidisciplinary field that combines genetics, toxicology, and molecular biology to understand the genetic basis of toxic responses at various levels, including molecular, cellular, organ, and whole-organism levels.

Toxicogenetic studies can help identify genetic polymorphisms that affect an individual's susceptibility to certain chemicals or toxins, which can have important implications for personalized medicine, risk assessment, and public health. By understanding the genetic factors that contribute to toxic responses, researchers can develop targeted interventions and prevention strategies to reduce the adverse health effects of environmental exposures.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

The proteome is the entire set of proteins produced or present in an organism, system, organ, or cell at a certain time under specific conditions. It is a dynamic collection of protein species that changes over time, responding to various internal and external stimuli such as disease, stress, or environmental factors. The study of the proteome, known as proteomics, involves the identification and quantification of these protein components and their post-translational modifications, providing valuable insights into biological processes, functional pathways, and disease mechanisms.

Thorium is not a medical term, but it is a chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90. It's a naturally occurring, slightly radioactive metal that is found in small amounts in soil, rocks, and water. While thorium has no direct medical applications or definitions, it is worth noting that it has been studied for its potential use in nuclear medicine due to its alpha-emitting properties. However, the use of thorium in medical applications remains highly experimental and not widely adopted.

A genome is the complete set of genetic material (DNA, or in some viruses, RNA) present in a single cell of an organism. It includes all of the genes, both coding and noncoding, as well as other regulatory elements that together determine the unique characteristics of that organism. The human genome, for example, contains approximately 3 billion base pairs and about 20,000-25,000 protein-coding genes.

The term "genome" was first coined by Hans Winkler in 1920, derived from the word "gene" and the suffix "-ome," which refers to a complete set of something. The study of genomes is known as genomics.

Understanding the genome can provide valuable insights into the genetic basis of diseases, evolution, and other biological processes. With advancements in sequencing technologies, it has become possible to determine the entire genomic sequence of many organisms, including humans, and use this information for various applications such as personalized medicine, gene therapy, and biotechnology.

A bacterial genome is the complete set of genetic material, including both DNA and RNA, found within a single bacterium. It contains all the hereditary information necessary for the bacterium to grow, reproduce, and survive in its environment. The bacterial genome typically includes circular chromosomes, as well as plasmids, which are smaller, circular DNA molecules that can carry additional genes. These genes encode various functional elements such as enzymes, structural proteins, and regulatory sequences that determine the bacterium's characteristics and behavior.

Bacterial genomes vary widely in size, ranging from around 130 kilobases (kb) in Mycoplasma genitalium to over 14 megabases (Mb) in Sorangium cellulosum. The complete sequencing and analysis of bacterial genomes have provided valuable insights into the biology, evolution, and pathogenicity of bacteria, enabling researchers to better understand their roles in various diseases and potential applications in biotechnology.

Statistical models are mathematical representations that describe the relationship between variables in a given dataset. They are used to analyze and interpret data in order to make predictions or test hypotheses about a population. In the context of medicine, statistical models can be used for various purposes such as:

1. Disease risk prediction: By analyzing demographic, clinical, and genetic data using statistical models, researchers can identify factors that contribute to an individual's risk of developing certain diseases. This information can then be used to develop personalized prevention strategies or early detection methods.

2. Clinical trial design and analysis: Statistical models are essential tools for designing and analyzing clinical trials. They help determine sample size, allocate participants to treatment groups, and assess the effectiveness and safety of interventions.

3. Epidemiological studies: Researchers use statistical models to investigate the distribution and determinants of health-related events in populations. This includes studying patterns of disease transmission, evaluating public health interventions, and estimating the burden of diseases.

4. Health services research: Statistical models are employed to analyze healthcare utilization, costs, and outcomes. This helps inform decisions about resource allocation, policy development, and quality improvement initiatives.

5. Biostatistics and bioinformatics: In these fields, statistical models are used to analyze large-scale molecular data (e.g., genomics, proteomics) to understand biological processes and identify potential therapeutic targets.

In summary, statistical models in medicine provide a framework for understanding complex relationships between variables and making informed decisions based on data-driven insights.

Support Vector Machines (SVM) is not a medical term, but a concept in machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence. SVM is used in various fields including medicine for data analysis and pattern recognition. Here's a brief explanation of SVM:

Support Vector Machines is a supervised learning algorithm which analyzes data and recognizes patterns, used for classification and regression analysis. The goal of SVM is to find the optimal boundary or hyperplane that separates data into different classes with the maximum margin. This margin is the distance between the hyperplane and the nearest data points, also known as support vectors. By finding this optimal boundary, SVM can effectively classify new data points.

In the context of medical research, SVM has been used for various applications such as:

* Classifying medical images (e.g., distinguishing between cancerous and non-cancerous tissues)
* Predicting patient outcomes based on clinical or genetic data
* Identifying biomarkers associated with diseases
* Analyzing electronic health records to predict disease risk or treatment response

Therefore, while SVM is not a medical term per se, it is an important tool in the field of medical informatics and bioinformatics.

Environmental pollution is the introduction or presence of harmful substances, energies, or objects in the environment that can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecosystems. These pollutants can be in the form of chemical, physical, or biological agents that contaminate air, water, soil, or noise levels, exceeding safe limits established by environmental regulations.

Examples of environmental pollution include:

1. Air pollution: The presence of harmful substances such as particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the air that can cause respiratory and other health problems.
2. Water pollution: Contamination of water sources with chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, or other pollutants that can harm aquatic life and make the water unsafe for human consumption or recreational use.
3. Soil pollution: The presence of harmful substances such as heavy metals, pesticides, and industrial waste in soil that can reduce soil fertility, contaminate crops, and pose a risk to human health.
4. Noise pollution: Excessive noise levels from transportation, industrial activities, or other sources that can cause stress, sleep disturbances, and hearing loss in humans and animals.
5. Light pollution: The excessive use of artificial light that can disrupt ecosystems, affect human circadian rhythms, and contribute to energy waste.

Environmental pollution is a significant global health issue that requires urgent attention and action from governments, industries, and individuals to reduce pollutant emissions, promote sustainable practices, and protect the environment for future generations.

A gene is a specific sequence of nucleotides in DNA that carries genetic information. Genes are the fundamental units of heredity and are responsible for the development and function of all living organisms. They code for proteins or RNA molecules, which carry out various functions within cells and are essential for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs.

Each gene has a specific location on a chromosome, and each person inherits two copies of every gene, one from each parent. Variations in the sequence of nucleotides in a gene can lead to differences in traits between individuals, including physical characteristics, susceptibility to disease, and responses to environmental factors.

Medical genetics is the study of genes and their role in health and disease. It involves understanding how genes contribute to the development and progression of various medical conditions, as well as identifying genetic risk factors and developing strategies for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Bayes' theorem, also known as Bayes' rule or Bayes' formula, is a fundamental principle in the field of statistics and probability theory. It describes how to update the probability of a hypothesis based on new evidence or data. The theorem is named after Reverend Thomas Bayes, who first formulated it in the 18th century.

In mathematical terms, Bayes' theorem states that the posterior probability of a hypothesis (H) given some observed evidence (E) is proportional to the product of the prior probability of the hypothesis (P(H)) and the likelihood of observing the evidence given the hypothesis (P(E|H)):

Posterior Probability = P(H|E) = [P(E|H) x P(H)] / P(E)

Where:

* P(H|E): The posterior probability of the hypothesis H after observing evidence E. This is the probability we want to calculate.
* P(E|H): The likelihood of observing evidence E given that the hypothesis H is true.
* P(H): The prior probability of the hypothesis H before observing any evidence.
* P(E): The marginal likelihood or probability of observing evidence E, regardless of whether the hypothesis H is true or not. This value can be calculated as the sum of the products of the likelihood and prior probability for all possible hypotheses: P(E) = Σ[P(E|Hi) x P(Hi)]

Bayes' theorem has many applications in various fields, including medicine, where it can be used to update the probability of a disease diagnosis based on test results or other clinical findings. It is also widely used in machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms for probabilistic reasoning and decision making under uncertainty.

In the context of medicine, Mercury does not have a specific medical definition. However, it may refer to:

1. A heavy, silvery-white metal that is liquid at room temperature. It has been used in various medical and dental applications, such as therapeutic remedies (now largely discontinued) and dental amalgam fillings. Its use in dental fillings has become controversial due to concerns about its potential toxicity.
2. In microbiology, Mercury is the name of a bacterial genus that includes the pathogenic species Mercury deserti and Mercury avium. These bacteria can cause infections in humans and animals.

It's important to note that when referring to the planet or the use of mercury in astrology, these are not related to medical definitions.

Silicon dioxide is not a medical term, but a chemical compound with the formula SiO2. It's commonly known as quartz or sand and is not something that would typically have a medical definition. However, in some cases, silicon dioxide can be used in pharmaceutical preparations as an excipient (an inactive substance that serves as a vehicle or medium for a drug) or as a food additive, often as an anti-caking agent.

In these contexts, it's important to note that silicon dioxide is considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, exposure to very high levels of respirable silica dust, such as in certain industrial settings, can increase the risk of lung disease, including silicosis.

Automatic Data Processing (ADP) is not a medical term, but a general business term that refers to the use of computers and software to automate and streamline administrative tasks and processes. In a medical context, ADP may be used in healthcare settings to manage electronic health records (EHRs), billing and coding, insurance claims processing, and other data-intensive tasks.

The goal of using ADP in healthcare is to improve efficiency, accuracy, and timeliness of administrative processes, while reducing costs and errors associated with manual data entry and management. By automating these tasks, healthcare providers can focus more on patient care and less on paperwork, ultimately improving the quality of care delivered to patients.

A computer simulation is a process that involves creating a model of a real-world system or phenomenon on a computer and then using that model to run experiments and make predictions about how the system will behave under different conditions. In the medical field, computer simulations are used for a variety of purposes, including:

1. Training and education: Computer simulations can be used to create realistic virtual environments where medical students and professionals can practice their skills and learn new procedures without risk to actual patients. For example, surgeons may use simulation software to practice complex surgical techniques before performing them on real patients.
2. Research and development: Computer simulations can help medical researchers study the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone. By creating detailed models of cells, tissues, organs, or even entire organisms, researchers can use simulation software to explore how these systems function and how they respond to different stimuli.
3. Drug discovery and development: Computer simulations are an essential tool in modern drug discovery and development. By modeling the behavior of drugs at a molecular level, researchers can predict how they will interact with their targets in the body and identify potential side effects or toxicities. This information can help guide the design of new drugs and reduce the need for expensive and time-consuming clinical trials.
4. Personalized medicine: Computer simulations can be used to create personalized models of individual patients based on their unique genetic, physiological, and environmental characteristics. These models can then be used to predict how a patient will respond to different treatments and identify the most effective therapy for their specific condition.

Overall, computer simulations are a powerful tool in modern medicine, enabling researchers and clinicians to study complex systems and make predictions about how they will behave under a wide range of conditions. By providing insights into the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone, computer simulations are helping to advance our understanding of human health and disease.

Chromosome mapping, also known as physical mapping, is the process of determining the location and order of specific genes or genetic markers on a chromosome. This is typically done by using various laboratory techniques to identify landmarks along the chromosome, such as restriction enzyme cutting sites or patterns of DNA sequence repeats. The resulting map provides important information about the organization and structure of the genome, and can be used for a variety of purposes, including identifying the location of genes associated with genetic diseases, studying evolutionary relationships between organisms, and developing genetic markers for use in breeding or forensic applications.

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

I must clarify that there is no specific medical definition for "Software Design." Software design is a term used in the field of software engineering and development, which includes the creation of detailed plans, schemas, and models that describe how a software system or application should be constructed and implemented. This process involves various activities such as defining the architecture, components, modules, interfaces, data structures, and algorithms required to build the software system.

However, in the context of medical software or healthcare applications, software design would still refer to the planning and structuring of the software system but with a focus on addressing specific needs and challenges within the medical domain. This might include considerations for data privacy and security, regulatory compliance (such as HIPAA or GDPR), integration with existing health IT systems, user experience (UX) design for healthcare professionals and patients, and evidence-based decision support features.

Talc is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2. It is widely used in various industries including pharmaceuticals and cosmetics due to its softness, lubricity, and ability to absorb moisture. In medical contexts, talc is often found in powdered products used for personal hygiene or as a drying agent in medical dressings. However, it should be noted that the use of talcum powder in the genital area has been linked to an increased risk of ovarian cancer, although the overall evidence remains controversial.

Hospital administrators are healthcare professionals who manage and oversee the operations, resources, and services of a hospital or healthcare facility. They play a crucial role in ensuring that the hospital runs smoothly, efficiently, and cost-effectively while maintaining high-quality patient care and safety standards.

Their responsibilities typically include:

1. Developing and implementing policies, procedures, and strategic plans for the hospital.
2. Managing the hospital's budget, finances, and resources, including human resources, equipment, and supplies.
3. Ensuring compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and accreditation standards.
4. Overseeing the quality of patient care and safety programs.
5. Developing and maintaining relationships with medical staff, community partners, and other stakeholders.
6. Managing risk management and emergency preparedness plans.
7. Providing leadership, direction, and support to hospital staff.
8. Representing the hospital in negotiations with insurance companies, government agencies, and other external entities.

Hospital administrators may have varying levels of responsibility, ranging from managing a single department or unit within a hospital to overseeing an entire healthcare system. They typically hold advanced degrees in healthcare administration, public health, business administration, or a related field, and may also be certified by professional organizations such as the American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE).

Pharmacovigilance is the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problem. It encompasses the monitoring and regulation of medicines throughout their lifecycle, including pre-marketing (clinical trials) and post-marketing phases (surveillance in the general population). The primary goal of pharmacovigilance is to ensure that the benefits of a medicine outweigh its risks, thereby protecting public health.

A human genome is the complete set of genetic information contained within the 23 pairs of chromosomes found in the nucleus of most human cells. It includes all of the genes, which are segments of DNA that contain the instructions for making proteins, as well as non-coding regions of DNA that regulate gene expression and provide structural support to the chromosomes.

The human genome contains approximately 3 billion base pairs of DNA and is estimated to contain around 20,000-25,000 protein-coding genes. The sequencing of the human genome was completed in 2003 as part of the Human Genome Project, which has had a profound impact on our understanding of human biology, disease, and evolution.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Peru" is not a medical term. It is a country located in South America, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

Chemical water pollutants refer to harmful chemicals or substances that contaminate bodies of water, making them unsafe for human use and harmful to aquatic life. These pollutants can come from various sources, including industrial and agricultural runoff, sewage and wastewater, oil spills, and improper disposal of hazardous materials.

Examples of chemical water pollutants include heavy metals (such as lead, mercury, and cadmium), pesticides and herbicides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and petroleum products. These chemicals can have toxic effects on aquatic organisms, disrupt ecosystems, and pose risks to human health through exposure or consumption.

Regulations and standards are in place to monitor and limit the levels of chemical pollutants in water sources, with the aim of protecting public health and the environment.

A plant genome refers to the complete set of genetic material or DNA present in the cells of a plant. It contains all the hereditary information necessary for the development and functioning of the plant, including its structural and functional characteristics. The plant genome includes both coding regions that contain instructions for producing proteins and non-coding regions that have various regulatory functions.

The plant genome is composed of several types of DNA molecules, including chromosomes, which are located in the nucleus of the cell. Each chromosome contains one or more genes, which are segments of DNA that code for specific proteins or RNA molecules. Plants typically have multiple sets of chromosomes, with each set containing a complete copy of the genome.

The study of plant genomes is an active area of research in modern biology, with important applications in areas such as crop improvement, evolutionary biology, and medical research. Advances in DNA sequencing technologies have made it possible to determine the complete sequences of many plant genomes, providing valuable insights into their structure, function, and evolution.

Pharmaceutical databases are collections of information related to pharmaceuticals and medications. These databases can contain a variety of data types, including:

1. Drug information: This includes details about the chemical properties, therapeutic uses, dosages, side effects, interactions, and contraindications of medications.
2. Clinical trials data: Information on ongoing or completed clinical trials, including study design, participant demographics, outcomes, and safety data.
3. Prescription data: Data related to prescribing patterns, medication utilization, and adherence.
4. Pharmacoeconomic data: Cost-effectiveness analyses, budget impact models, and other economic evaluations of medications.
5. Regulatory information: Details about drug approvals, labeling changes, and safety alerts from regulatory agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the European Medicines Agency (EMA).
6. Pharmacovigilance data: Information on adverse events, medication errors, and other safety concerns reported to pharmacovigilance databases.
7. Literature databases: Citations and abstracts from medical literature related to pharmaceuticals and medications.

Pharmaceutical databases can be used by healthcare professionals, researchers, regulatory agencies, and the pharmaceutical industry for a variety of purposes, including drug development, clinical decision making, post-marketing surveillance, and health policy planning.

Medical Informatics, also known as Healthcare Informatics, is the scientific discipline that deals with the systematic processing and analysis of data, information, and knowledge in healthcare and biomedicine. It involves the development and application of theories, methods, and tools to create, acquire, store, retrieve, share, use, and reuse health-related data and knowledge for clinical, educational, research, and administrative purposes. Medical Informatics encompasses various areas such as bioinformatics, clinical informatics, consumer health informatics, public health informatics, and translational bioinformatics. It aims to improve healthcare delivery, patient outcomes, and biomedical research through the effective use of information technology and data management strategies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "hypermedia" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Hypermedia is a general term used in information technology and computing to describe a non-linear medium of information that includes graphics, audio, video, text, and hyperlinks. It allows users to navigate through the information in a flexible, non-sequential manner by clicking on hyperlinks that connect related pieces of information.

If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

In the context of medicine, 'knowledge' refers to the understanding and comprehension of medical facts, principles, theories, and practices that are acquired through education, training, research, and experience. This encompasses a deep familiarity with anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, clinical guidelines, and evidence-based practices. It also includes awareness of current research developments, emerging trends, and best practices in the field. Medical knowledge is constantly evolving and requires healthcare professionals to engage in lifelong learning to maintain their expertise and provide high-quality care to patients.

"Institutional practice," in the context of medical care, generally refers to medical services or procedures that are routinely provided as part of standard practices within a healthcare institution, such as a hospital or clinic. These practices are often based on established guidelines, protocols, or best practices that have been developed and adopted by the institution to ensure high-quality patient care and consistent outcomes.

Institutional practice may also refer to medical services or procedures that are provided within the context of a specific institutional setting, such as inpatient care versus outpatient care. Additionally, it can refer to medical practices that are unique to a particular institution, based on its resources, expertise, or patient population.

Overall, institutional practice is an important concept in healthcare, as it reflects the standardization and coordination of medical care within a specific setting, with the goal of improving patient outcomes and ensuring the safe and effective delivery of medical services.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Montana" is not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a state in the United States, located in the northwestern region of the country. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those instead.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Oil and gas fields" are not a medical term, but rather a term used in the geology and petroleum industry to describe areas with significant deposits of oil and natural gas. These are typically underground or underwater formations where hydrocarbons accumulate due to geological processes over millions of years.

However, I can provide you with some related medical terms that pertain to potential health impacts associated with the exploration, extraction, and use of oil and gas fields:

1. Occupational exposure: Refers to the health risks faced by workers in the oil and gas industry, who may be exposed to hazardous substances, noise, vibrations, and ergonomic stressors that can lead to various health issues such as respiratory problems, hearing loss, musculoskeletal disorders, and chemical exposures.
2. Air pollution: The release of pollutants from oil and gas operations, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur dioxide, can contribute to poor air quality in surrounding communities, leading to respiratory issues, cardiovascular diseases, and other health problems.
3. Water contamination: Leaks, spills, or improper disposal of wastewater from oil and gas operations can lead to the contamination of groundwater and surface water resources, potentially causing adverse health effects in nearby populations, such as reproductive issues, neurological disorders, and gastrointestinal problems.
4. Noise pollution: Drilling, hydraulic fracturing (fracking), and other oil and gas operations can generate high levels of noise that may negatively impact the mental and physical health of workers and nearby residents, leading to sleep disturbances, stress, and cardiovascular issues.
5. Climate change: The combustion of fossil fuels from oil and gas fields contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions, driving climate change and associated health impacts such as heat-related illnesses, allergies, infectious diseases, and mental health disorders.

Radioactive water pollutants refer to contaminants in water sources that contain radioactive materials. These materials can include substances such as radium, uranium, and cesium, which emit ionizing radiation. This type of pollution can occur through various means, including the disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants, hospitals, and research facilities; oil and gas drilling operations; and mining activities.

Exposure to radioactive water pollutants can have serious health consequences, as ionizing radiation has been linked to an increased risk of cancer, genetic mutations, and other harmful effects. Therefore, it is essential to regulate and monitor radioactive water pollution to protect public health and the environment.

A phenotype is the physical or biochemical expression of an organism's genes, or the observable traits and characteristics resulting from the interaction of its genetic constitution (genotype) with environmental factors. These characteristics can include appearance, development, behavior, and resistance to disease, among others. Phenotypes can vary widely, even among individuals with identical genotypes, due to differences in environmental influences, gene expression, and genetic interactions.

An amino acid sequence is the specific order of amino acids in a protein or peptide molecule, formed by the linking of the amino group (-NH2) of one amino acid to the carboxyl group (-COOH) of another amino acid through a peptide bond. The sequence is determined by the genetic code and is unique to each type of protein or peptide. It plays a crucial role in determining the three-dimensional structure and function of proteins.

A disease is a condition that impairs normal functioning and causes harm to the body. It is typically characterized by a specific set of symptoms and may be caused by genetic, environmental, or infectious agents. A disease can also be described as a disorder of structure or function in an organism that produces specific signs or symptoms. Diseases can range from minor ones, like the common cold, to serious illnesses, such as heart disease or cancer. They can also be acute, with a sudden onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for a long period of time. Ultimately, a disease is any deviation from normal homeostasis that causes harm to an organism.

A catalog in the medical context is a list or collection of systematically arranged items, such as diseases, drugs, or medical procedures. A medical catalog can serve various purposes, including education, reference, and organization. It may be published in print or digital form and can be specific to a particular medical specialty or general in scope.

For example, a pharmaceutical company might publish a catalog of its products, including detailed descriptions, indications, contraindications, and side effects. Similarly, a hospital or healthcare system might maintain a catalog of its services, such as diagnostic tests, surgical procedures, and rehabilitation programs.

In some cases, medical catalogs may be used to support research or quality improvement initiatives. For instance, a researcher might use a catalog of clinical trials to identify potential studies for inclusion in a systematic review, while a healthcare organization might use a catalog of evidence-based practices to guide the development of clinical guidelines or care pathways.

Overall, medical catalogs play an important role in organizing and disseminating information about health and medicine, helping to ensure that patients receive high-quality, evidence-based care.

Pharmacological phenomena refer to the observable effects or reactions that occur in a living organism when a drug or pharmaceutical agent is introduced. These phenomena can include both therapeutic and adverse effects, as well as the mechanisms of drug action, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.

Pharmacological phenomena can be studied through various experimental methods, including in vitro (test tube or cell culture) studies, in vivo (animal) studies, and clinical trials involving human subjects. The study of pharmacological phenomena is essential for the development and safe use of medications, as it helps to identify the optimal dosage range, potential drug interactions, and any side effects that may occur with their use.

Pharmacological phenomena can be complex and multifactorial, involving various biological processes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and systemic levels. Understanding these phenomena is critical for developing effective therapeutic strategies and minimizing the risks associated with drug therapy.

According to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), biological products are "products that are made from or contain a living organism or its derivatives, such as vaccines, blood and blood components, cells, genes, tissues, and proteins." These products can be composed of sugars, proteins, nucleic acids, or complex combinations of these substances, and they can come from many sources, including humans, animals, microorganisms, or plants.

Biological products are often used to diagnose, prevent, or treat a wide range of medical conditions, and they can be administered in various ways, such as through injection, inhalation, or topical application. Because biological products are derived from living organisms, their manufacturing processes can be complex and must be tightly controlled to ensure the safety, purity, and potency of the final product.

It's important to note that biological products are not the same as drugs, which are chemically synthesized compounds. While drugs are designed to interact with specific targets in the body, such as enzymes or receptors, biological products can have more complex and varied mechanisms of action, making them potentially more difficult to characterize and regulate.

Anthracosis is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of carbon particles, primarily from air pollution or coal dust, in the tissues of the lungs. This results in the formation of black deposits, known as anthracotic pigment, on the surfaces of the lung's air sacs (alveoli) and lymph nodes.

Repeated and prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause inflammation and fibrosis in the lungs, potentially leading to respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. In severe cases, anthracosis may contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or restrictive lung disease.

It is important to note that while anthracosis is often associated with occupational exposure in coal miners and industrial workers, it can also occur in individuals living in urban areas with high levels of air pollution. Smokers are also at an increased risk due to the inhalation of tar and other carbon-based particles present in tobacco smoke.

Statistics, as a topic in the context of medicine and healthcare, refers to the scientific discipline that involves the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of numerical data or quantifiable data in a meaningful and organized manner. It employs mathematical theories and models to draw conclusions, make predictions, and support evidence-based decision-making in various areas of medical research and practice.

Some key concepts and methods in medical statistics include:

1. Descriptive Statistics: Summarizing and visualizing data through measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) and dispersion (range, variance, standard deviation).
2. Inferential Statistics: Drawing conclusions about a population based on a sample using hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and statistical modeling.
3. Probability Theory: Quantifying the likelihood of events or outcomes in medical scenarios, such as diagnostic tests' sensitivity and specificity.
4. Study Designs: Planning and implementing various research study designs, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, case-control studies, and cross-sectional surveys.
5. Sampling Methods: Selecting a representative sample from a population to ensure the validity and generalizability of research findings.
6. Multivariate Analysis: Examining the relationships between multiple variables simultaneously using techniques like regression analysis, factor analysis, or cluster analysis.
7. Survival Analysis: Analyzing time-to-event data, such as survival rates in clinical trials or disease progression.
8. Meta-Analysis: Systematically synthesizing and summarizing the results of multiple studies to provide a comprehensive understanding of a research question.
9. Biostatistics: A subfield of statistics that focuses on applying statistical methods to biological data, including medical research.
10. Epidemiology: The study of disease patterns in populations, which often relies on statistical methods for data analysis and interpretation.

Medical statistics is essential for evidence-based medicine, clinical decision-making, public health policy, and healthcare management. It helps researchers and practitioners evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medical interventions, assess risk factors and outcomes associated with diseases or treatments, and monitor trends in population health.

Some mining methods (lithium mining, phosphate mining, coal mining, mountaintop removal mining, and sand mining) may have such ... Additional sub-surface mining methods include hard rock mining, bore hole mining, drift and fill mining, long hole slope mining ... High wall mining, which evolved from auger mining, is another form of surface mining. In high wall mining, the remaining part ... These are oil and gas extraction, coal mining, metal ore mining, nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying, and mining support ...
In slope mining, the primary access to the mine is on an incline. Mine hoists may still be used to raise and lower loads on the ... 2010 Copiapo mining accident San Jose Mine James G. Speight (1994). The Chemistry Tech of Coal 2e. Marcel Dekker. p. 105. ISBN ... Slope mines differ from shaft and drift mines, which access resources by tunneling straight down or horizontally, respectively ... v t e (All stub articles, Mining stubs, Underground mining). ... Slope mining is a method of accessing valuable geological ...
"Process Mining Manifesto". Process Mining Manifesto. IEEE Task Force on Process Mining. 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2021. Aalst ... "IEEE Task Force on Process Mining". Home page of the task force on process mining. IEEE Task Force on Process Mining. Retrieved ... Process mining starts from event data. Input for process mining is an event log. An event log views a process from a particular ... Process mining should be viewed as a bridge between data science and process science. Process mining focuses on transforming ...
... mining maquis are threatened by mining activities that may develop in these areas. Nickel mining is done in the open, therefore ... A few birds are typical of the mining maquis, and species from the surrounding forests also frequent it. Mining maquis are very ... Mining maquis covers 4,400 km2 (1,700 sq mi) in New Caledonia, where it is one of the native ecotypes. Most species found in ... Mining maquis (French: maquis minier) is a type of shrubland biome. It forms on ultramafic rock as a result of forest cover ...
... is the process of extracting flint from underground. Flint mines can be as simple as a pit on the surface or an ... France Flint mines of Bretteville-le-Rabet [de] located between Caen and Falaise, Calvados Flint mines of Jablines [de] Le ... Wales Hungary Tata Szentgál Netherlands Rijckholt Sint-Geertruid mines [nl] Valkenburg mines [nl] Pakistan Flint quarries in ... Flint has been mined since the Palaeolithic, but was most common during the Neolithic. Flint was especially valued in ...
"Borehole Mining". Great Mining. Retrieved 23 November 2011. Hydraulic Mining in California: A Tarnished Legacy, by Powell ... US Bureau of Mines, 1968, p.560. Paul W. Thrush, A Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms, US Bureau of Mines, 1968, ... and the mining industry turned to hard rock (called quartz mining in California) or hydraulic mining, which required larger ... Hydraulic mining is a form of mining that uses high-pressure jets of water to dislodge rock material or move sediment. In the ...
... , including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which ... "strip mining", the two methods are different (see above). Mountaintop removal mining (MTR) is a form of coal mining that mines ... Highwall mining is another form of mining sometimes conducted to recover additional coal adjacent to a surface-mined area. The ... There are five main types of surface mining as detailed below. Strip mining is the practice of mining a seam of mineral, by ...
A whim, also called a whim gin or a horse capstan, is a device similar to a windlass which is used in mining for hauling ... Whims were used in coal mines until the end of the nineteenth century. Horse whims were also used to power team boats. The gin ... A rope is wound around the drum, with both ends traversing several pulleys and hanging down the mine shaft. As the drum is ... Jones, Michael H. (2011). The Brendon Hills Iron Mines and the West Somerset Mineral Railway. Lydney: Lightmoor Press. ISBN 978 ...
A. Gago Alonso, J.E. Medina Pagola, J.A. Carrasco-Ochoa and J.F. Martínez-Trinidad Mining Connected Subgraph Mining Reducing ... Since molecules may be represented by molecular graphs this is strongly related to graph mining and structured data mining. The ... 5th International Workshop on Mining and Learning with Graphs, 2007 Overview for 2006 Molecule mining (basic chemical expert ... Mining the molecular graphs directly avoids this problem. So does the inverse QSAR problem which is preferable for vectorial ...
A mining community, also known as a mining town or a mining camp, is a community that houses miners. Mining communities are ... 147 about what is necessary for a settlement to have in order to be considered a "mining town". Wikimedia Commons has media ... Styria Upper Austrio-Hungarian mining towns Göllnitz, today Gelnica Jossau, today Jasov Nemecká Ľupča, today Partizánska Ľupča ... today Spišská Nová Ves Lower Austrio-Hungarian mining towns Dilln, today Banská Belá Königsberg, today Nová Baňa Kremnitz, ...
Some notable salt mines include: In slang, the term salt mines, and especially the phrase back to the salt mines, refers ... Salt mining extracts natural salt deposits from underground. The mined salt is usually in the form of halite (commonly known as ... Salt mines Khewra Schacht Asse II Turda Wieliczka Windsor General Salt evaporation pond Brine mining Injection well Salt lake ... Amy Pataki, Richard Lautens, Salt at the source: a day in a Lake Huron mine, The Toronto Star, Fri Aug 15 2014. "Salt mine in ...
By applying data mining algorithms, the data can be used to generate new knowledge in several areas of medicinal chemistry, ... Mining for enzymes, researchers can figure out the classes that BGCs encode and compare target gene clusters to known gene ... The mining process relies on a huge amount of data (represented by DNA sequences and annotations) accessible in genomic ... By adopting genome mining, the BGCs that produce the target natural product can be predicted. Some important enzymes ...
... also known as the Moscow Mining Institute Saint Petersburg Mining Institute, Russia, also known as the Mining Academy Mining ... Mining Institute may refer to: Moscow State Mining University, Russia, ... known locally as the Mining Institute Geological and Mining Institute of Spain, a research institute in Madrid, Spain This ... disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Mining Institute. If an internal link led you here, you may wish ...
... Group Co., Limited is a multi-national mining company headquartered in Mainland China. Zijin is a Shanghai Stock ... "Mining Journal - Zijin Mining says dam collapse led to four deaths". Retrieved 2010-09-28. "De roest van een stalen vriendschap ... Zijin Mining Group reported Total CO2e emissions (Direct + Indirect) for 31 December 2020 at 5,322 Kt (+1,279/+32% y-o-y). The ... "Zijin Mining to Acquire Neo Lithium Corp. In All-Cash Offer". 8 October 2021. News888.cn. "News888.cn Archived July 7, 2011, at ...
In mining, the face is the surface where the mining work is advancing. In surface mining it is commonly called pit face, in ... underground mining a common term is mine face. Accordingly, face equipment is the mining equipment used immediately at the mine ... "SME Mining Engineering Handbook", 1992, ISBN 0-87335-100-2, vol. 2, p. 1555 v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... description matches Wikidata, Mining terminology, All stub articles, Mining stubs). ...
Mining (German pronunciation: [ˈmiːnɪŋ], as in mean-ing, not as in mining)[citation needed] is a municipality in the district ...
Mining companies of the United Kingdom, Economy of Anglesey, Mining in Wales, All stub articles, Mining company stubs). ... Anglesey Mining is a United Kingdom based mining company. The company is listed on the FTSE Fledgling Index of the London Stock ... ANGLESEY MINING PLC ORD 1P. London Stock Exchange. Retrieved 12 June 2015. "Anglesey Mining reports £31m loss", 2 August 2013. ... Accessed 12 June 2015 "Parys Mountain mine production hopes as review nears completion". Daily Post, 4 August 2014 Accessed 12 ...
Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations. US Bureau of Mines. p. 3. Retrieved March 9, 2022. US Geological Survey, Lithium, ... Brine mining is the extraction of useful materials (chemical elements or compounds) which are naturally dissolved in brine. The ... Salt is extracted from seawater in many countries around the world, but the majority of salt put on the market today is mined ... Lithium mining from geothermal boreholes is a groving project in Europe. Potential sites are Cornwall (UK), Rhine Graben ( ...
... is used in areas such as musical audio mining (also known as music information retrieval), which relates to the ... It has also been used in conjunction with video mining, in projects such as mining movie data. Speech Analytics Music ... Audio mining is a technique by which the content of an audio signal can be automatically analyzed and searched. It is most ... One or more audio mining index files can then be loaded at a later date in order to run searches for keywords or phrases. The ...
... string and sequence mining) w-shingling Web mining, a task that may involve text mining (e.g. first find appropriate web pages ... Text mining, text data mining (TDM) or text analytics is the process of deriving high-quality information from text. It ... Text mining computer programs are available from many commercial and open source companies and sources. See List of text mining ... Text mining plays an important role in determining financial market sentiment. Concept mining Document processing Full text ...
... is a multinational mining company that owns and operates gold mines in Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Senegal ... Mining MX. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2021. "Canada clears Endeavour Mining-Semafo merger". mining.com. 26 June 2020. " ... the company acquired Teranga Gold Corporation for its Sabodala-Massawa gold mine in Senegal and its Wahgnion gold mine in ... diversified from mining finance to mining operations in the early 21st century. It acquired Etruscan Resources (including the ...
... Industry Company Limited (SEHK: 1818) is a gold mining enterprise jointly ventured by Zhaojin Group and Fosun ... Gold mining in China Fosun to list another subsidiary Zhaojin Mining Industry Annual Results Announcement Archived October 20, ... Gold mining companies of China, Metal companies of China, Companies based in Yantai, Government-owned companies of China, H ... 2007, at the Wayback Machine Zhaojin Gold Mining Industry Company Limited v t e (Webarchive template wayback links, Companies ...
... is one aspect of digital footprint analysis. Reality Mining is using Big Data to conduct research and analyze ... Reality Mining", Technology Review Magazine "There's Gold in 'Reality Mining'", BusinessWeek 2008 BLUETOOTH TRAFFIC MONITORING ... Reality mining is the collection and analysis of machine-sensed environmental data pertaining to human social behavior, with ... Reality Mining also deals with data exhaust . Individuals use mobile phones, tablets, laptops, cameras, and any device ...
The new Osisko Mining Corporation is the continuation of Oban Mining Corporation, which itself was the result of the 2014 ... The Osisko Mining Corporation (formerly Oban Mining Corporation) is a Canadian company that conducts mineral exploration work ... In 2019, Osisko acquired the Stornoway Diamond Corporation for its Renard diamond mine, and through its subsidiary O3 Mining ... and NioGold Mining Corporation, for its Marban project in Quebec, before it re-named itself to Osisko Mining Corporation in ...
... addresses structure, behavior as well as the data processed by the software system. Mining software systems may ... Software mining is closely related to data mining, since existing software artifacts contain enormous business value, key for ... Instead of mining individual data sets, software mining focuses on metadata, such as database schemas. OMG Knowledge Discovery ... Another OMG specification, the Common Warehouse Metamodel focuses entirely on mining enterprise metadata. Text mining software ...
Drift mining Shaft mining Slope mining Strip mining Glossary of coal mining terminology Longwall Mining Archived 2009-08-17 at ... Available on YouTube in 3 parts part 1part 2part 3 "Longwall Mining, Underground Coal Mining, Mining Techniques, Mining ... Longwall mining is a form of underground coal mining where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice (typically 0.6-6.0 m ... Longwall mining has been extensively used as the final stage in mining old room and pillar mines. In this context, longwall ...
... (1947-83). BFI screenonline. Retrieved 18 May 2017. Mining Review (1954) v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, ... Mining Review was a newsreel of the British coal industry commissioned by the National Coal Board which ran from 1947 to 1983. ... At its peak it was seen by 12 million people at 700 British cinemas, mainly in mining areas.[citation needed] Its final and ... Mining Review 1st Year. Learning on Screen. Retrieved 18 May 2017. ...
"Bisichi Mining PLC". The Financial Times. Retrieved October 15, 2015. "Directors & Advisors". Bisichi Mining. Archived from the ... "Bisi Bisischi Mining PLC Ord 10P". London Stock Exchange. Retrieved October 15, 2015. Documents and clippings about Bisichi ... Bisichi Plc is a mining and property corporation listed on the London Stock Exchange. It was founded in 1910. It operates the ... Mining companies based in London, Property companies based in London, Non-renewable resource companies established in 1910, ...
1 & 3 (drift mines), No. 2 (slope mine), Green Twp. Empire "F" Mine (1910-?), Shanktown; a drift mine, mining the "B" coal seam ... Rodkey Mine(1906-?), a drift mine, Clymer. Ernest Mine No. 2 (1903-1965), a drift mine, at Ernest, Rayne Twp., Indiana Co., PA ... Shaft mining Slope mining Paul W. Thrush, A Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms, US Bureau of Mines, 1968, p.350 ... Empire "M" Mine (McKean Mine) (1906-?), a drift mine, non-gaseous, mining a 38" thick seam of Lower Kittaning coal using ...
Tin mines in England, Mining law and governance, Mining in Cornwall, English law). ... Mining setts were a legal arrangement used historically in the counties of Devon and Cornwall in South West England to manage ... Cornwall portal Dartmoor tin-mining Manx Sun, Saturday, February 25, 1871; Page: 9 (Articles with short description, Short ...
Colorado School of Mines is a public R1 research university focused on science and engineering, producing the talent, knowledge ... Careers at Mines. Hire Our Students. Mines Magazine. Mines Police Department. Neighbors. News ... Visit Mines. Arthur Lakes Library. Athletics. Bookstore. Campus Tour. Conference and Event Planning. Mines Museum. Map and ... Visit Mines. IN PERSON OR VIRTUAL TOURS DAILY. Take a tour of our beautiful campus in Golden, Colorado, nestled in the ...
About NIOSH Mining. About Us. Contact NIOSH Mining. Employment. Visitor Information. Technology Innovations Awards. ... in an underground large-opening mine. Now in 2.0! ... Mining Safety and Health Topics. News & Articles. Mining Links ... Competency document for planning and implementing self-escape training and assessement strategies at underground coal mines. ...
NORA mining sector: Number and percent of deaths with selected work-related respiratory condition, U.S. residents age 15 and ... NORA mining sector and all pneumoconioses: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by industry and ... NORA mining sector and lung cancer: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by industry and ... NORA mining sector and pneumonia and influenza: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by industry ...
Some mining methods (lithium mining, phosphate mining, coal mining, mountaintop removal mining, and sand mining) may have such ... Additional sub-surface mining methods include hard rock mining, bore hole mining, drift and fill mining, long hole slope mining ... High wall mining, which evolved from auger mining, is another form of surface mining. In high wall mining, the remaining part ... These are oil and gas extraction, coal mining, metal ore mining, nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying, and mining support ...
Tags black lung, mining Saving Miners Lives with Video-based Training. How do you take miners miles below ground to teach them ... Some mines may need to use diesel particulate filters, however. This has created concern about potential exposure to nitrogen ... Categories Agriculture, Construction, Emergency Response/Public Sector, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas, Safety ... Categories Agriculture, Cancer, Chemicals, Construction, Emergency Response/Public Sector, Manufacturing, Mining, Observances, ...
IMC has been operating gold mines in Colombia for 50 years. It owns the mines and there is no contractual agreement. In recent ... Lewis Bradley Harder (born 1918) was chairman of International Mining Company. This helps us verify that in media sources in ... The chairman Lewis Bradley Harder (born 1918) of International Mining Corporation was also the chairman of the Molybdenum ... page 48 - On July 28, 1960, The Canton Company became a wholly‐owned subsidiary of the International Mining Corporation, a New ...
... mines à ciel ouvert; génie minier; galeries de mines; ressources minières; secteur minier; activités minières; extraction ... English: Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or ... Trapper Boy, Turkey Knob Mine, Macdonald, W. Va. Boy had to stoop on account of low roof, photo taken more than a mile inside ... mining extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth ...
NIOSH Mining funds extramural research in areas that can have a direct impact on the reduction of explosions in mining ... NIOSH Mining has identified a dispersibility problem involving the effectiveness of rock dust within the mine entries when that ... The NIOSH Mining Program conducts research to identify and then mitigate the causes of underground coal mine explosions. ... The NIOSH Mining Programs ongoing intramural research addresses methane and coal dust explosion problems in the coal mining ...
Could coal mining waste provide crucial elements for green tech? Coal waste separation might sound deathly dull, but the waste ... Asteroid-munching microbes could mine materials from space rocks Some microbes break down rocks and leach certain elements out ... Deep-sea mining is making the seabed the hottest real estate on Earth. ... from abandoned coal mines might be where we can find some of the rare elements needed for clean energy tech, discovers Graham ...
Stochastic Mine Planning Laboratory Mine Multiphysics: Advanced Multiphysics Systems for Sustainable Minerals & Energy ... mine reliability and asset management Geomechanics Laboratory Mine Design and Numerical Modelling Laboratory ... COSMO Laboratory -- Stochastic Mine Planning Laboratory. *Mine Multiphysics: Advanced Multiphysics Systems for Sustainable ... Mining Engineering. Adams Building, Room 125. 3450 University Street. Montreal, Quebec H3A 0E8. Tel.: 514-398-2215. Fax: 514- ...
Deep-sea mining is making the seabed the hottest real estate on Earth As the race to extract valuable minerals from the deep ... Animals abandon deep-sea mining areas for over a year Fish, shrimp and other creatures were found in much lower numbers 13 ...
Darkweb Cyber Threat Intelligence Mining Robertson, John Diab, Ahmad Marin, Ericsson (+ 4 others) Published: April 2017 ... Receive email alerts on new books, offers and news in SIAM Data Mining. ...
TR10: Reality Mining. Sandy Pentland is using data gathered by cell phones to learn about human behavior. ...
Mining Feature: Knowing the Facts about Heat Stress in Mining. Keywords: Acclimatization Heat Heat stress ... Cause of Floor Self-Heatings in an Underground Coal Mine. *Detection and Control of Spontaneous Heating in Coal Mine Pillars-A ... However, working during warm months in many industries, including construction, road maintenance, and mining-both surface and ... Prediction of Human Core Temperature Rise and Moisture Loss in Refuge Alternatives for Underground Coal Mines ...
This page collates recent DW content on the mining industry. ... Mining stocks only experienced a slight recovery straight after ... Reviving mining in Britain. Europe wants to revive its mining industry in an effort to reduce reliance on China for rare metals ... Open-pit coal mining in Colombias EL Cerrejon - now the mine is scheduled for expansion. ... Zimbabwes all-female, environmentally sustainable gem mine. The Zimbaqua gem mine in Zimbabwe empowers women and keeps its ...
Mining & Contractors Insurance Program. Administered by Paisley Partners for PDAC members, the program addresses the insurance ... There are certain basic fundamentals associated with mining, but every company is different and each has its own distinct risk ... price of metals and lenders requirements all play a role in shaping a mining companys risk profile and their corresponding ... and mining contractors / equipment providers. The PDAC insurance program offers flexibility through multiple coverage options, ...
She has 25 years experience in mining, most recently as chief innovation officer at Barrick Gold, where she established a ... Michelle Ash, Chairman of Global Mining Guidelines Group You joined the Global Mining Guidelines Group as Chairman last year. ... Next generation mining. MICHELLE ASH is a mineral resources industry leader in innovation and transformation who understands ... How can mining companies work better together to optimise these opportunities? The industry is starting to embrace these ...
Research on Factors Affecting Mine Wall Stability in Isolated Pillar Mining in Deep Mines by Jiang Guo ... the mine wall safety factor is about 1.46 under the design of G5 mining of Dongguashan Line 52, the stability of the mine wall ... When it is mined, it will cause the destruction of bedrock and surface. However, it is more severe in mining shallow-buried ... When it is mined, it will cause the destruction of bedrock and surface. However, it is more severe in mining shallow-buried ...
Geographic profile for Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers. National estimates for Mining and ... National estimates for Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers. Industry profile for Mining and ... Support Activities for Mining 450. 0.18. $ 48.75. $ 101,390. Top paying industries for Mining and Geological Engineers, ... Top paying states for Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers: State Employment (1) Employment per ...
Sewell Mining Town is particularly notable for its contribution to the global spread of large-scale mining technology. ... to mine and process high value copper. The town contributed to the global spread of large-scale mining technology. ... conserving and promoting Sewell Mining Towns assets as a museum site for the copper mining industry, and to which it provides ... when the Chilean government authorized American mining engineer William Braden to exploit the copper mine. In an epic ...
... the World Mining Congress will be held in Brisbane, Australia, from 26-29 June 2023. Submit an abstract before 1 March 2022 ... The World Mining Congress (WMC) is the leading international forum for the global mining and resources sectors. ... World Mining Congress 2023. For the first time, the World Mining Congress will be held in Brisbane, Australia, from 26-29 June ... World Mining Congress The WMC 2023 Australian National Organising Committee , together with the WMC 2023 International Advisory ...
47-5022 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining. Operate or tend machinery at surface mining site ... Nonmetallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying 12,440. 12.90. $ 23.38. $ 48,640. Other Specialty Trade Contractors 5,040. 0.67. $ ... Metal Ore Mining 760. 1.79. $ 28.39. $ 59,050. Geographic profile for Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, ... Percentile wage estimates for Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining:. Percentile 10% 25% 50%. ( ...
Deep outside the boundaries of known space, alien mines are protected. But not from you. Take cargo, blast star jewels from ... Star Mine is a 3D first person perspective space shoot em up. Awesome old school action! The old federation is dying, poor and ... You are piloting a Zeus class star mining ship through alien mines in deep space. The mines contain worm holes where the ... Some parts of the mine may be locked and you might have to acquire a key by destroying the ships that patrol the mine. Going ...
... a remote mining community far from Lima, Peru. But these days, they do it without the children. With the help of the ILO, this ... They still mine for gold in Santa Filomena, ... Mining out child labour in Santa Filomena .... Mining out child ... At small-scale mines, it is common to see children working inside the mine shaft, inhaling a mix of dust and toxic gases, or ... They still mine for gold in Santa Filomena, a remote mining community far from Lima, Peru. But these days, they do it without ...
... leadership explores new opportunities in traditional mining this week at MINExpo 2012, the ... Escalating Mining Costs Highlight Renewable Sources SAN JOSE, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- As Green Technology Solutions (OTCBB: ... This is where urban mining has tremendous earning potential since key minerals are already mined, processed and ripe for ... GTSO: Escalating Mining Costs Highlight Renewable Sources. SAN JOSE, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- As Green Technology Solutions ( ...
Introduction to Data Mining for Newbies - Download as a PDF or view online for free ... "Data mining is…" 8 *9. . 1. Basic Concepts of Data Mining 2. Origins of Data Mining 3. Data Mining Tools 4. Masters of Data ... 1. Basic Concepts of Data Mining 2. Origins of Data Mining 3. Data Mining Tools 4. Masters of Data Mining 28 ... 1. Basic Concepts of Data Mining 2. Origins of Data Mining 3. Data Mining Tools 4. Masters of Data Mining 31 ...
Officials say there are 8,663 unlicensed mines in 352 locations in Indonesia ... For example, underground mining must use beams that are sturdy with certain measurements. But in the case of the collapsed mine ... The collapse of an unlicensed gold mine in Indonesia this month is renewing attention on illegal mining in the country, which ... The government can issue a Community Mining License, or IPR, which requires miners to abide by good mining practices while the ...
... and have discovered deposits that could mark a revival of the countrys mining sector, Reuters reports. ... The Serbian town of Bor, a mining center for over a century and home to one of the largest copper mines in Europe, is at the ... and have discovered deposits that could mark a revival of the countrys mining sector, Reuters reports. International mining ... 9 A girl looks out of the window of an old apartment built for mine workers. ...
  • For the first time, the World Mining Congress will be held in Brisbane, Australia, from 26-29 June 2023. (www.csiro.au)
  • Other minerals mined in Egypt from the Old Kingdom (2649-2134 BC) until the Roman Period (30 BC-AD 395) including granite, sandstone, limestone, basalt, travertine, gneiss, galena, and amethyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam. (wikimedia.org)
  • This is where urban mining has tremendous earning potential since key minerals are already mined, processed and ripe for recovery. (aol.com)
  • Urban mining is the commercial process of reclaiming valuable minerals such as lithium, gold, neodymium and rare earths. (aol.com)
  • Nonetheless, mining companies struggled in the 1980s because of low international prices for the island's key minerals--gold, silver, bauxite, and nickel. (countrystudies.us)
  • Source: MAS/MILS (Minerals Availability System/Mineral Information Location System) database compiled by the former U.S. Bureau of Mines, now archived by the USGS. (usgs.gov)
  • Tugnait said S B Mines (SBM) owned by Anand Singh, Veeyam Private Limited owned by M Abdul Zahid and Trident Minerals owned by Noor Ahmed had encroached upon the BRH mine limits and had been mining iron rich ore for more than a year. (deccanherald.com)
  • The low pH is due to the formation of acid resulting from the oxidation of sulfide minerals (e.g., pyrite) in the host rock as it is exposed to air and water during mining. (in.gov)
  • Since 1920, the Federal government has leased fuels and certain other minerals, charging a royalty on the value of the mined and sold material. (blm.gov)
  • The federal law governing locatable minerals is the Mining Law of 1872 (May 10, 1872), which declared all valuable mineral deposits in land belonging to the United States to be free and open to exploration and purchase. (blm.gov)
  • Patents issued under the SRHA and Homestead Act entries patented under the SRHA reserve the mineral estate to the United States along with the right to enter, mine, and remove any reserved minerals that may be present in the mineral estate. (blm.gov)
  • Project partners have designed and constructed a mobile and modular containerised facility for separating valuable metallic minerals from mined materials. (europa.eu)
  • The process involves feeding the minerals processing facility through the use of an underground selective mining tool, comminution (rock-breaking) and ore-sorting tools where energy provision is sustainable. (europa.eu)
  • A minerals processing facility can be set up in just a couple of weeks, compared to potentially decades from exploration to extraction for very big mining deposits and months-long installation activities. (europa.eu)
  • Actively delivering and supporting the readiness and performance of the mining and minerals sector for energy transition. (ey.com)
  • Minerals Council South Africa hosted a breakfast celebrating the International Day of Women in Mining on June 15, at The Country Club Johannesburg in Rosebank, Gauteng, themed Equity in Mining is. (miningweekly.com)
  • Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development Project. (who.int)
  • Receive email alerts on new books, offers and news in SIAM Data Mining. (cambridge.org)
  • 1. Basic Concepts of Data Mining 2. (slideshare.net)
  • Origins of Data Mining 3. (slideshare.net)
  • Data Mining Tools 4. (slideshare.net)
  • (the general) Data mining process Interpretation Data mining Preprocessing KNOWLEDGE Selection Target data Patterns Preprocessed DATA data warehouse of somewhat domain (Marketing, Finance, Manufacturing, etc. (slideshare.net)
  • Europe wants to revive its mining industry in an effort to reduce reliance on China for rare metals. (dw.com)
  • Factors such as public vs. private, production vs. exploration, above ground vs. below ground, geography, political environment, Board of Director's risk tolerance, financial stability, price of metals and lender's requirements all play a role in shaping a mining company's risk profile and their corresponding risk management approach. (pdac.ca)
  • finds that, to meet international government mandates for electric vehicles (EV), 388 new mines must be built to produce the metals required for EV production. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • My preferred method of investing in precious metals at this point is to buy the beaten down mining stocks. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Andrew is both the Global, and Canadian Leader of the Mining & Metals practice as well as the Global Leader for the sector. (deloitte.com)
  • Keep your mining projects moving forward with our industry-leading products that can certainly help to enhance your efficiency, Select from Environmental Express products to help you collect and test samples or test heavy metals. (coleparmer.com)
  • The IMPaCT (Integrated Modular Plant and Containerised Tools for Selective, Low-impact Mining of Small High-grade Deposits) project will end in May 2020. (europa.eu)
  • In 2020, opencast mines at Maramarua and Rotowaro were the only Waikato mines still working. (teara.govt.nz)
  • How is the NIOSH Mining program addressing this problem? (cdc.gov)
  • The NIOSH Mining Program conducts research to identify and then mitigate the causes of underground coal mine explosions. (cdc.gov)
  • The NIOSH Mining Program's ongoing intramural research addresses methane and coal dust explosion problems in the coal mining industries. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH Mining is also conducting research to advance the understanding of methane sources, migration and control strategies, interactions of sealed and active gobs with working sections, and improved ventilation methods through a complete understanding of longwall bleeder system effectiveness. (cdc.gov)
  • The company is also exploring traditional mining opportunities in the U.S. and Africa through its joint venture with Diamond V Associates . (aol.com)
  • International mining companies are even delaying riskier exploration projects in places like Africa to focus their efforts on developments in Serbia, where infrastructure is better and political risks are lower. (rferl.org)
  • This report is derived from the Africa Innovation in Mining study conducted by Monitor Deloitte and Mining Indaba, which is aimed at understanding how mining companies on the continent are innovating in order to strengthen and enhance their efforts. (deloitte.com)
  • Lejweleputswa, South Africa - South Africa's mining industry is a major economic contributor. (who.int)
  • Japanese and United States companies actively explored new gold reserves on the island, but gold mining was shifting away from the search for oxide ores, supplies of which were dwindling, toward the more expensive process of exploiting sulphide ores. (countrystudies.us)
  • Radiation protection in the mining and milling of radioactive ores / edited by John F. Boas. (who.int)
  • Radiation monitoring in the mining and milling of radioactive ores / jointly sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Labour Organisation and the World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Flint mines have been found in chalk areas where seams of the stone were followed underground by shafts and galleries. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, much of this is in seams that are too deep to mine. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Annual Survey of Mining Companies, 2021 ranks 77 jurisdictions worldwide, including Canadian provinces, on their attractiveness to investors based on responses from mining executives from around the world, and finds that Saskatchewan remains Canada's top-rated jurisdiction for mining investment, and is the second most attractive worldwide. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • The previous Cambridge update showed that China's share of mining went from 34.3% in June 2021 to 0.0% in July 2021 following a crypto mining ban in the country. (nasdaq.com)
  • Last week's update showed that China's share of mining went from 0.0% in August 2021 to … 22.3% in September 2021. (nasdaq.com)
  • China banned bitcoin mining in May 2021, and it showed up in the data . (nasdaq.com)
  • Yet reported hashrate suddenly surged back to 30.47 EH/s in September 2021, instantly catapulting China to second place globally in terms of installed mining capacity (22.29% of total market). (nasdaq.com)
  • Between September 2021 and February 2022, oropharyngeal and/or nasopharyngeal swab samples of consecutively selected COVID-19 symptomatic and apparently healthy workers from the Wahgnion mining site in the South-western Burkina Faso who consented to the study were collected according to the two weeks shift program and tested for SARS-CoV-2 using RT-PCR assay. (bvsalud.org)
  • In the late 1980s, the National Marble Company was a profitable, but outmoded, government monopoly that mined marble, onyx, and travertine for the local construction industry. (countrystudies.us)
  • Detecting the mineral exploration environment, improving the safety of all process of mining operations, developing intelligent mining equipment, and ensuring the optimization of the human-machine-environment in all mining process have become necessary and important conditions for promoting the mining works both of safety and sustainability. (mdpi.com)
  • The associated costs of setting up a mine - exploration activities, infrastructure, permitting - are very expensive and because small deposits don't have a long life the economics to develop them often don't add up," Dr Kathryn Moore, senior lecturer at IMPaCT coordinator University of Exeter, is quoted as saying in a 'Mining Technology' news item . (europa.eu)
  • Is copper the next boom in BC mining exploration? (ey.com)
  • F ollowing two consecutive years of mining sector exploration growth in British Columbia, 2019 was relatively steady, with exploration expenditure down less than a percentage point from 2018 according to the 2019 British Columbia Mineral and Coal Exploration Survey . (ey.com)
  • Government coal surveys and exploration by mining companies have established that New Zealand has an estimated 16 billion tonnes of in-ground coal. (teara.govt.nz)
  • The Innovation in mining: Latin American 2017 study outlines the broader issues LATAM mining sector faces and how they can address the gaps in their innovating capabilities. (deloitte.com)
  • Alcoa closed its Dominican bauxite operations in 1982 and its small limestone mine in 1985. (countrystudies.us)
  • The private sector mined and exported limestone, some of which went to the United States. (countrystudies.us)
  • She said the procedure to get a mining license is complicated for small-scale miners. (voanews.com)
  • The government can issue a Community Mining License, or IPR, which requires miners to abide by good mining practices while the local government supervises the operation to ensure safety. (voanews.com)
  • 3 Serbian miners use flashlights in an elevator as they descend into the copper mine. (rferl.org)
  • By July, there were virtually no miners mining in China. (nasdaq.com)
  • The CCAF partnered with bitcoin mining pools to collect geolocational mining facility data based on IP addresses (pools allow a lot of different miners to contribute to mining, and the reward is then split among them according to their processing contribution to smooth out individual miner income). (nasdaq.com)
  • The foreign currency exchange site forexsuggest.com estimates miners will generate 57 million tons of CO2 emissions this year due to the electricity needed to mine Bitcoin. (10news.com)
  • And if you combine all crypto mining worldwide, it consumes more energy than the entire country of Norway. (10news.com)
  • However, a move is underway to make crypto mining more earth-friendly, and the New York-based company BlockFusion is leading the way. (10news.com)
  • The state is now responsible for about 20% of crypto mining done in the U.S. (10news.com)
  • These old buildings used to support thousands of jobs in the community, but crypto mining doesn't require nearly the same number of workers. (10news.com)
  • Open-pit coal mining in Colombia's EL Cerrejon - now the mine is scheduled for expansion. (dw.com)
  • Acid mine drainage is the most severe and well-recognized environmental problem related to coal mining and can impact surface waters, including lakes, ponds, creeks, and even entire watersheds. (in.gov)
  • The province's mining activities generate more than $19.4 billion in mineral sales. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • The sun is just rising in Lejweleputswa District, the hub of Free State Province's gold mining industry. (who.int)
  • While we are there, we'll also touch on two other bitcoin mining related topics: 1) hashprice and 2) mining company woes . (nasdaq.com)
  • The more visible bitcoin mining operators did move at least part of their operations, and the growth of non-China, mostly U.S.-located mining is well documented. (nasdaq.com)
  • So yeah, it turns out that China can in fact ban bitcoin mining again . (nasdaq.com)
  • A single Bitcoin is valued at over $41,000 - but it takes thousands of computers and tons of energy to competitively mine the cryptocurrency. (10news.com)
  • The U.S. is the world leader in Bitcoin mining - followed by Kazakhstan, Russia, Canada and Ireland. (10news.com)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Mining. (who.int)
  • He also captured gold mines in Thrace for minting coinage, eventually producing 26 tons per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Les immeubles construits le long des rues sont en bois, souvent peints dans des tons vifs de vert, jaune, rouge et bleu. (unesco.org)
  • Gold is the country's main export and 13 per cent, some 15 tons a year, comes from small-scale mining activities with an export value of US$120 million per year. (ilo.org)
  • Cryptocurrency mining requires tons of electricity, so now some companies are turning to hydroelectric energy as a cheaper, renewable source. (10news.com)
  • As a major research university located in Toronto, U of T is well situated to support Canada's mining industry, Lassonde remarked. (utoronto.ca)
  • At other mines, such as on the island of Thassos, marble was quarried by the Parians after they arrived in the 7th century BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • You've got to wonder if tailings dams and the use of cyanide in gold mining will be increasingly banned or difficult to permit. (www.csiro.au)
  • While many in the industry support the use of cyanide in gold mining and believe the risks can be managed, increasingly the view outside the industry is that it is a scary and unacceptable chemical that affects the health of people and waterways. (www.csiro.au)
  • The ministry has to do reclamation on soil that is already polluted because of illegal mining, which usually uses cyanide and mercury," he said. (voanews.com)
  • Situated at 2,000 m in the Andes, 60 km to the east of Rancagua, in an environment marked by extremes of climate, Sewell Mining Town was built by the Braden Copper company in 1905 to house workers at what was to become the world's largest underground copper mine, El Teniente. (unesco.org)
  • SAN JOSE, Calif.--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- As Green Technology Solutions' (OTCBB:GTSO) leadership explores new opportunities in traditional mining this week at MINExpo 2012 , the world's premiere convention for mining equipment, products and services, the company is gaining a sense of renewed faith from industry leaders. (aol.com)
  • Raharjo said it is difficult to determine how much money the government is losing because of illegal mining over unpaid taxes and royalties. (voanews.com)
  • Mining is the extraction of valuable geological materials from the Earth and other astronomical objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mining companies have been struggling with a protracted slump in commodity prices, coupled with a slowdown in China's economy. (dw.com)
  • Administered by Paisley Partners for PDAC members, the program addresses the insurance and risk management needs of all companies working in the Canadian mineral industry - private or public, exploring or operating, and mining contractors / equipment providers. (pdac.ca)
  • How can mining companies work better together to optimise these opportunities? (www.csiro.au)
  • My view is that mining companies should not compete on technology development, as difficult and costly as it is. (www.csiro.au)
  • What are some of the hurdles or threats that mining companies are facing in the digital and innovation space? (www.csiro.au)
  • The Annual Survey of Mining Companies, 2022 finds that Saskatchewan is the 3rd most attractive jurisdiction worldwide for mining investment, after Nevada (1st) and Western Australia (2nd). (fraserinstitute.org)
  • At MINExpo 2012, Green Technology Resources' mining subsidiary, GTSO Resources, is working to network and partner with companies from around the world with expertise in traditional and urban mining in order to capitalize on the strong growth predicted for the industry. (aol.com)
  • In Serbia, foreign companies are resuming a long tradition of prospecting for gold and copper, and have discovered deposits that could mark a revival of the country's mining sector, Reuters reports. (rferl.org)
  • Deloitte examined 17 mining companies (both majors and minors) in six countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, to provide a comparison between the innovation activities undertaken by mining companies in Latin America and around the world. (deloitte.com)
  • Besides, the licence of the companies, which have been allegedly involved in illegal mining, would remain temporarily revoked till the demarcation of the leased area and the survey was done. (deccanherald.com)
  • With a clear goal to become a reputable service provider to pre-selected blue chip mining companies, black woman-led and women-centric mine contracting company, TseboKgadi has been launched. (miningweekly.com)
  • Based on results of an extensive coal dust particle size survey and large-scale explosion testing, NIOSH recommended a new standard of 80% total incombustible content be required in the intake airways of bituminous coal mines in the absence of methane. (cdc.gov)
  • After NIOSH research revealed that there are finer coal particles in intake airways, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) revised the Title 30 Code of Federal Regulations 75.403 for maintenance of incombustible content of rock dust by increasing the incombustible requirement from 65% to 80% in intake airways. (cdc.gov)
  • Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation or restoration of the land after the mine is closed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, Karliansyah, the director general for pollution and environmental damage control at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, said illegal mines can potentially harm the surrounding environment because there is no reclamation plan after mining. (voanews.com)
  • Abandoned mine land projects are funded through grants from the Federal Office of Surface Mine Reclamation Enforcement. (in.gov)
  • The Indiana Division of Reclamation suggests obtaining assistance from a qualified engineer for specific site evaluation before you buy or build on previously mined land. (in.gov)
  • Take cargo, blast star jewel;s from asteroids, and steal energy from the mines. (steampowered.com)
  • Space News: 'Strange Objects' Punch Holes in Saturn Ring, Will A Plan to Mine Asteroids Help Earth's Economy? (planetsave.com)
  • We welcome submissions by experts and scholars on the topics of safety mining, sustainable mining, mineral resource management, technology of intelligent mining, research and development of intelligent mining equipment, geomechanics and geophysics, green filling, mining methods, and sustainable mining. (mdpi.com)
  • It will also be home to the Lassonde Institute of Mining, an interdisciplinary research institute focused on a whole spectrum of mining activities, including mineral resource identification, mine planning and excavation, as well as extraction and processing. (utoronto.ca)
  • At this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory and/or mine-site research is conducted to identify and evaluate improved rock dusting practices and sampling methods and new technologies and structures to mitigate underground coal mine explosions. (cdc.gov)
  • Operate or tend machinery at surface mining site, equipped with scoops, shovels, or buckets to excavate and load loose materials. (bls.gov)
  • After verification of eligibility, the site will be placed on the abandoned mine land inventory and prioritized for construction. (in.gov)
  • Each site interprets and preserves an important aspect of the area's copper mining history and provides a unique visitor experience. (nps.gov)
  • While residents of the surrounding towns are only waking up, mine workers at Harmony Mine's Phakisa site are already preparing to go underground. (who.int)
  • Other hard rocks mined or collected for axes included the greenstone of the Langdale axe industry based in the English Lake District. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa's largest economy has largely relied on oil, but now wants to profit from the booming lithium mining industry. (dw.com)
  • She has 25 years' experience in mining, most recently as chief innovation officer at Barrick Gold, where she established a reputation for driving a more open, collaborative industry. (www.csiro.au)
  • What are the main opportunities around digital and other innovation that the mining industry needs to embrace? (www.csiro.au)
  • We need to transform mining over the next 10 to 20 years because of declining investment in the industry, especially in gold, and lack of engagement of young people. (www.csiro.au)
  • You've said that millennials have very negative views about the mining industry. (www.csiro.au)
  • I love the mining industry, and it fundamentally develops communities and countries and takes people out of poverty. (www.csiro.au)
  • The mining industry has provided energy and raw material guarantees for global economic development and social progress. (mdpi.com)
  • However, with the increasing depth of mining, safety and sustainability are becoming ever bigger challenges for the mining industry. (mdpi.com)
  • Like the economy at large, the mining industry enjoyed extraordinary growth in the 1970s, when the country's major ferronickel and dor (gold and silver nugget) operations were inaugurated. (countrystudies.us)
  • Globally, the mining industry is under pressure to integrate innovation into core business operations. (deloitte.com)
  • The Australian mining industry is going through one of the most intense periods of change we have ever seen, and the ability to innovate-to evolve, adapt, and improve-is indispensable. (deloitte.com)
  • Innovation is critical to success and growth at a time when the mining industry is at crossroads. (deloitte.com)
  • This strongly suggests that significant underground mining activity has formed in the country, which empirically confirms what industry insiders have long been assuming. (nasdaq.com)
  • The Lassonde Mining Building is an excellent example of what can be accomplished through a combination of private philanthropy, industry investment and government support," said Professor Cristina Amon , dean of the Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering. (utoronto.ca)
  • This qualitative case study, which is part of a larger project, analyzes 10 in-depth interviews with managers under the age of 35 at a large mining industry in northern europe. (lu.se)
  • The gold mines of Nubia were among the largest and most extensive of any in Ancient Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • These mines are described by the Greek author Diodorus Siculus, who mentions fire-setting as one method used to break down the hard rock holding the gold. (wikipedia.org)
  • Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, captured the gold mines of Mount Pangeo in 357 BC to fund his military campaigns. (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors' Malaria in French Guiana final questioning of our eligibility for resources is a nonsci- Linked to Illegal Gold Mining entific opinion. (cdc.gov)
  • Ecuadorians are due to vote on whether to continue oil and gold mining projects in the Amazon rainforest. (dw.com)
  • Social views are changing and these are affecting gold mining in several ways. (www.csiro.au)
  • They still mine for gold in Santa Filomena, a remote mining community far from Lima, Peru. (ilo.org)
  • In Peru, some 50,000 children as young as six, work in small-scale gold mining, considered to be one of the worst forms of child labour. (ilo.org)
  • At small-scale mines, it is common to see children working inside the mine shaft, inhaling a mix of dust and toxic gases, or outside at the gold-washing installations, in high temperatures and torrential rain, inhaling highly toxic gaseous mercury stemming from the mix which allows separation of the gold particles. (ilo.org)
  • The mining community of Santa Filomena has organized itself as the Mineworkers' Association in order to obtain such advantages as a permit to use explosives and improved transport facilities for getting the gold to the retail centre - all essential elements in improving working conditions. (ilo.org)
  • According to Richard O'Brien, CEO of Denver-based Newmont Mining Corp (NEM), gold has enjoyed a bull market for 11 years straight, and it's just in the middle of its good times. (aol.com)
  • Rescue workers carry a miner who survived the collapse of an illegal gold mine at Bolaang Mongondow regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia, Feb. 28, 2019. (voanews.com)
  • The collapse of an unlicensed gold mine in Indonesia this month is renewing attention on illegal mining in the country, which authorities say often overlooks safety, health and security requirements. (voanews.com)
  • Indonesian rescue teams managed to evacuate 34 victims of a collapsed and unlicensed gold mine in North Sulawesi March 6, but only 18 of them survived. (voanews.com)
  • In the same area in North Sulawesi, in June 2018, another illegal gold mine collapsed, killing six people. (voanews.com)
  • About 25 percent of them are gold mines. (voanews.com)
  • But to give an example, in one illegal mine that spans 10 hectares located inside a concession area, the amount of gold production is 1,600 kilograms a year. (voanews.com)
  • Gold and silver dor , which occur naturally in the Dominican Republic, played a central role in the rapid emergence of mining. (countrystudies.us)
  • Although the Spanish mined gold on the island as early as the 1520s, gold production in the Dominican Republic was insignificant until 1975, when the private firm Rosario Dominicano opened the Pueblo Viejo mine, the largest open-pit gold mine in the Western Hemisphere. (countrystudies.us)
  • Rosario's huge mining infrastructure, with an annual capacity of 1.7 million troy ounces of gold and silver, impelled by rapidly increasing international prices for gold, had nearly succeeded in pushing dor past sugar as the country's leading source of export revenue by 1980. (countrystudies.us)
  • Unlike gold, nickel had been proven to exist in large reserves in the Dominican Republic, which meant bright prospects for mining. (countrystudies.us)
  • For a while I thought that Newmont Mining ( NEM ) would be acquired by Barrick Gold ( ABX ), but merger talks ended in acrimony . (foxbusiness.com)
  • Mercury contamination from historical gold mines represents a potential risk to human health and the environment. (usgs.gov)
  • This fact sheet provides background information on the use of mercury in historical gold mining and processing operations in California, with emphasis on historical hydraulic mining areas. (usgs.gov)
  • Underground methods (adits and shafts) were used to mine hardrock gold deposits. (usgs.gov)
  • Hydraulic, drift, or dredging methods were used to mine the placer gold deposits. (usgs.gov)
  • On the basis of USGS studies and other recent work, a better understanding is emerging of mercury distribution, ongoing transport, transformation processes, and the extent of biological uptake in areas affected by historical gold mining. (usgs.gov)
  • Gold mining evolved from hydraulic mining of unconsolidated placer deposits in the early days of the Gold Rush, to underground mining of hardrock deposits, and finally to large-scale dredging of low-grade gravel deposits, which in many areas included the tailings from upstream hydraulic mines. (usgs.gov)
  • By the mid-1850s, in areas with sufficient surface water, hydraulic mining was the most cost-effective method to recover large amounts of gold. (usgs.gov)
  • Loss of mercury during gold processing was estimated to be 10 to 30 percent per season (Bowie, 1905), resulting in highly contaminated sediments at mine sites, especially in sluices and drainage tunnels (fig. 3). (usgs.gov)
  • From the 1850s to the 1880s, more than 1.5 billion cubic yards of gold-bearing placer gravels were processed by hydraulic mining in California's northern Sierra Nevada region. (usgs.gov)
  • Underground mining of placer deposits (drift mining) and of hardrock gold-quartz vein deposits produced most of California's gold from the mid-1880s to the 1930s. (usgs.gov)
  • Another important source of gold from the late 1890s to the 1960s was gold-bearing sediment, which was mined using dredging methods. (usgs.gov)
  • Locations of past-producing gold and mercury mines in California. (usgs.gov)
  • To enhance gold recovery from hydraulic mining, hundreds of pounds of liquid mercury (several 76-lb flasks) were added to riffles and troughs in a typical sluice. (usgs.gov)
  • At Harmony Gold Mines in Lejweleputswa district in Free State Province, a robust outbreak management system has helped identify cases in time and promptly referred them for care. (who.int)
  • Dive into the research topics where Mine Islar is active. (lu.se)
  • The Serbian town of Bor, a mining center for over a century and home to one of the largest copper mines in Europe, is at the heart of the revival. (rferl.org)
  • At Delaware Mine, visitors can take a self-guided tour of one of the oldest underground copper mines on the Keweenaw Peninsula. (nps.gov)
  • ️⚠️ From this point forward, 'International Mining Corporation' refers to a COMPLETELY different company! (google.com)
  • There are certain basic fundamentals associated with mining, but every company is different and each has its own distinct risk profile. (pdac.ca)
  • It is an outstanding example of the company towns that were born in many remote parts of the world from the fusion of local labour and resources from an industrialized nation, to mine and process high-value natural resources. (unesco.org)
  • Falconbridge successfully opened a pilot nickel plant in 1968, and by 1972 the company had begun full-scale ferronickel mining in the town of Bonao. (countrystudies.us)
  • The Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa) began bauxite mining in the southwest province of Barahona in 1958. (countrystudies.us)
  • The company suspected that the iron ore, which went missing at Belekeri port in Karwar, was from the BRH mines. (deccanherald.com)
  • United Kingdom-based mining company Mineco, a participant of the IMPaCT project, is testing the technology at its operating antimony and lead mines in the Balkans, according to the same news item. (europa.eu)
  • Inter-Mining Services is a company that is driving progress and, with our customers and partners, building better communities through safe, smart, efficient mining procedures, something we have been doing consistently since 2012. (odoo.com)
  • Copper mining company Copper 360, which announced in August that its School of Mining was under development at Concordia operation in the Northern Cape, has launched its first set of courses, aimed. (miningweekly.com)
  • The World Mining Congress (WMC) is the leading international forum for the global mining and resources sectors. (www.csiro.au)
  • FILE - Members of Indonesian Workers Union pray outside the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources in Jakarta, Indonesia during a solidarity rally for the victims of the collapsed mine at a Freeport mining area in Papua province, May 21, 2013. (voanews.com)
  • Sri Raharjo, the director of engineering and environment of mineral and coal at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, says illegal mining can create lethal hazards. (voanews.com)
  • The problem is if there is only very little reserve and the mine runs out of resources, most of the time people will just move," he said referring to the process of restoring the area that has been mined. (voanews.com)
  • In the late 1980s, the government strove to tap new resources and to strengthen export diversification by actively seeking foreign investment in mining. (countrystudies.us)
  • Human rights in natural resource development : public participation in the sustainable development of mining and energy resources / edited by Donald N. Zillman, Alastair R. Lucas and George (Rock) Pring. (who.int)
  • Erman believes the regulation on community mining must be improved because there is no comprehensive law on different commodities. (voanews.com)
  • Mining is required to obtain most materials that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Influenza Reference Laboratory, Unité des Maladies à Potentiel Epidémique, Maladies Émergentes et Zoonoses, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé. (bvsalud.org)
  • Previous mining was on a small scale, and there has been no production since the last mine, in the Waitewhena coalfield, closed in 1990. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Likewise, after NIOSH published its Hazard ID, rock dust manufacturers, suppliers, and mine operators each implemented, as necessary, quality control measures to ensure that the rock dust used in the mines for explosion suppression met the size specifications detailed in the rock dusting standard. (cdc.gov)
  • Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining are provided. (bls.gov)
  • For a list of all industries with employment in Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining, see the Create Customized Tables function. (bls.gov)
  • Many of these recent explosions have been due to methane ignitions in abandoned workings that breached the mine seals and extended into the active areas or a deficiency in rock dust related to poor rock dusting practices. (cdc.gov)
  • The Innovation in mining Australia 2016 report highlights results on the state of innovation at work in Australia, presenting the innovation landscape as it stands and identifying key innovation drivers and focus areas from which to bring to life the mine of tomorrow. (deloitte.com)
  • We offer a guide to help the public and local officials further understand potential problems associated with previously mined areas. (in.gov)
  • Most known areas of sub-bituminous coal in Northland have been worked out, and the last mine closed in 1955. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Sustained efforts must be made to clear mines and other hazards from former conflict areas. (who.int)
  • The project was made possible by generous financial support from Dr. Pierre Lassonde , the chair of mining giant Franco-Nevada, Goldcorp Incorporated, as well as Knowledge and Infrastructure Project (KIP) funding from the federal government matched by provincial funds. (utoronto.ca)
  • Explosions in underground mines and surface processing facilities are caused by accumulations of flammable gas and/or combustible dust mixed with air in the presence of an ignition source. (cdc.gov)
  • Also, after identifying shortcomings in the sample collection procedure, MSHA revised the sampling protocol to focus on the top layer of deposited mine dust. (cdc.gov)
  • An online " Webinar and Workshop on Preventing Coal Dust Explosions in Underground Coal Mines . (cdc.gov)
  • This law provides citizens of the United States the opportunity to explore for, discover, and purchase certain valuable mineral deposits on federal lands that are open for mining location and patent (open to mineral entry). (blm.gov)
  • The method will also be used in Serbia to process ore from an antimony mine. (europa.eu)
  • Applying process mining in health technology assessment. (bvsalud.org)
  • Propose a process mining -based method for Health Technology Assessment . (bvsalud.org)
  • Articles dealing with prior studies in Health Technology Assessment using Process Mining were identified. (bvsalud.org)
  • The future for mining lies in innovation-to succeed and deliver superior value. (deloitte.com)
  • This series of reports highlights the mining trends around the world and examines current perspectives on innovation. (deloitte.com)
  • The African mining sector is in the early stages of innovation, and it's now time to move forward and create the mine of tomorrow. (deloitte.com)
  • Renovations to the Lassonde Mining Building include creation of the Goldcorp Mining Innovation Suite. (utoronto.ca)
  • We are celebrating a new chapter of mining innovation at the University of Toronto with the opening of this building," said David Naylor , president of the university. (utoronto.ca)
  • The new 4th and 5th floor space, known as the Goldcorp Mining Innovation Suite, provides 100 workstations for students studying mineral and civil engineering to complete engineering design projects. (utoronto.ca)
  • The oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the Ngwenya Mine in Eswatini (Swaziland), which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the years from passage of the landmark 1969 Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act to 2001, the number of fatalities due to underground coal mine explosions had exhibited a general downward trend. (cdc.gov)
  • The Delaware Mine was in operation for forty years but never turned a profit for its investors. (nps.gov)
  • Millions of years later, men mined it in dirty conditions to power steel mills and winter fires. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Coal measures mined in New Zealand are generally a few tens to several hundreds of metres thick, and between 10 and 75 million years old. (teara.govt.nz)
  • C'est un exemple exceptionnel de ces villes qui ont été « implantées » dans de nombreuses parties reculées du monde pour exploiter une mine et transformer des ressources naturelles de grande valeur, en utilisant à la fois une main d'œuvre locale et les moyens financiers et techniques d'un pays industrialisé. (unesco.org)
  • Collect shield, hyperspace and weapon energy before escaping to the next mine. (steampowered.com)
  • The mines contain reserves of shield energy in the form of blue quantum-magneto-resonance cubes and amber spherical plasma that can increase the strength of your weapon if collected. (steampowered.com)
  • Some mines also contain hyper drive energy, which you may require from time to time. (steampowered.com)
  • Beware of the attractor fields powered by the mines energy grid. (steampowered.com)
  • While Governor Kathy Hochul considers a moratorium on the practice, an energy-intensive cryptocurrency mining operation in the Finger Lakes had an air permit renewal denied by the State Department of Environmental Conservation last week. (wamc.org)
  • It is the responsibility of the Abandoned Mine Land program to assist public and private landowners with remediation of safety and environmental issues associated with abandoned mines. (in.gov)
  • Wages in the mining-sector are more than 40 per cent higher than the average in all other sectors in the province. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • The Canadian mining sector employs approximately 665,000 people. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • Although the mining sector employed only about 1 percent of the labor force throughout this period, it became a major foreign-exchange earner, increasing from an insignificant portion of exports in 1970 to as much as 38 percent by 1980, then leveling off at approximately 34 percent in 1987. (countrystudies.us)
  • To us, this means that communities around our mines and work places should be better off, and benefiting from our projects and activities. (odoo.com)
  • AMD is water typically with a pH less than 4 that drains from mine workings and from mine spoils, and coal refuse (called acid rock drainage). (in.gov)
  • Mining operations can create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6 A man passes by an old dump truck used in mining operations. (rferl.org)
  • Moving mining operations isn't exactly easy . (nasdaq.com)
  • Operations at the mine are back to normal since strict public health and safety measures put in place by the government to curb the COVID-19 pandemic were relaxed. (who.int)
  • Conduct subsurface surveys to identify the characteristics of potential land or mining development sites. (bls.gov)
  • To protect workers' health, mines have set up preventive measures and are collaborating with health authorities to curb potential widespread infections. (who.int)
  • Work safety has long been a concern as well, and where enforced, modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines. (wikipedia.org)
  • This research topic aims to provide a platform for new research and recent advances in the safety and sustainability of mining. (mdpi.com)
  • May design, implement, and coordinate mine safety programs. (bls.gov)
  • Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers are provided. (bls.gov)
  • For a list of all industries with employment in Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers, see the Create Customized Tables function. (bls.gov)
  • Health and safety are a priority for the mine. (who.int)
  • National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (U.S. .) Scientific Committee 46-2 on Uranium Mining and Milling: Radiation Safety Programs. (who.int)
  • Safety and health in mines : report IV (1, fourth item on the agenda. (who.int)
  • Mines of a similar age in Hungary are believed to be sites where Neanderthals may have mined flint for weapons and tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • Control technologies proven to be successful then undergo final evaluation at operating mine sites. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, small-scale mining earns foreign currency and permits the exploitation of sites whose low returns, simple technology and labour intensity are uninteresting for industrial mining. (ilo.org)
  • Previously mined land may have many attractive features for development as residential, industrial, or recreational sites. (in.gov)
  • Hidden dangers such as dangerous mine openings, unstable highwalls, and unpredictable ground movement have resulted in serious damages to improvements on these sites. (in.gov)
  • Abandoned buildings, structures, and other mining equipment in dilapidated condition can remain scattered around abandoned mine sites. (in.gov)
  • Automation of heavy equipment is not going to transform mining. (www.csiro.au)
  • But once your maintenance and machinery are automated and combined with AI to know your geology, and you control equipment and update in real time your plans to optimise performance, you can fundamentally change mining - and capital and operating costs. (www.csiro.au)
  • Above ground trails lead around the ruins of the two original mine buildings, equipment displays, antique engines, and trains. (nps.gov)
  • It was set up to develop targeted technological innovations in mining equipment design and mine planning. (europa.eu)
  • In 1884, the Sawyer Decision prohibited discharge of hydraulic mining debris to rivers and streams in the Sierra Nevada region, but not in the Klamath-Trinity Mountains (fig. 4), where such mining continued until the 1950s. (usgs.gov)
  • Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey and Mines officials celebrate start of construction. (mines.edu)
  • While much progress has been made in preventing explosion disasters in coal mines, explosions still occur, sometimes producing multiple fatalities. (cdc.gov)
  • And, from 2006 to 2011, mine explosions accounted for nearly one-quarter of mining-related deaths. (cdc.gov)
  • Downscaled engineering and contracting group Murray & Roberts (M&R) is continuing with efforts to regain control of RUC, the Australian mining services business it lost when its Australian holding. (miningweekly.com)
  • The accident happened at the end of February when the wooden beams that support the mine broke causing the soil to shift. (voanews.com)
  • Unregulated or poorly regulated mining, especially in developing economies, frequently contributes to local human rights violations and environmental conflicts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Erwiza Erman, a senior researcher at the Indonesian Institute of Science, says illegal mining is usually a small-scale operation managed by the local community or people. (voanews.com)
  • Salt mining was primitive, and its product was destined solely for the local market. (countrystudies.us)
  • However, working during warm months in many industries, including construction, road maintenance, and mining-both surface and underground-can pose risks to your health. (cdc.gov)