The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).
A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.
Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.
A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.
A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE family. Previously a large group of serotypes, most are now considered separate species.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wheatgrass is also used for other plants in the family.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
An independent state, an archipelago in the western Persian Gulf, northwest of Qatar. It comprises low-lying islands of Bahrain (the largest), Muharraq, Sitra, and several islets. It has extensive oil fields. The name comes from the Arabic al-bahrayn, "the two seas", with reference to its lying in the middle of a bay with its "two seas" east and west of it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p107 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. SESQUITERPENES are found in some of the species.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
A plant family of the order Celastrales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, a small family growing in the tropics. Members contain piperidine alkaloids and GLUCOSINOLATES.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the administrative, intellectual, social, and cultural domination of the Arab empire. The Arab world, under the impetus of Islam, by the eighth century A.D., extended from Arabia in the Middle East to all of northern Africa, southern Spain, Sardinia, and Sicily. Close contact was maintained with Greek and Jewish culture. While the principal service of the Arabs to medicine was the preservation of Greek culture, the Arabs themselves were the originators of algebra, chemistry, geology, and many of the refinements of civilization. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p260; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p126)
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
The expected number of new cases of an infection caused by an infected individual, in a population consisting of susceptible contacts only.
Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
A serine protease that catalyses the release of an N-terminal dipeptide. Several biologically-active peptides have been identified as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 substrates including INCRETINS; NEUROPEPTIDES; and CHEMOKINES. The protein is also found bound to ADENOSINE DEAMINASE on the T-CELL surface and is believed to play a role in T-cell activation.
A class I viral fusion protein that forms the characteristic spikes, or peplomers, found on the viral surface that mediate virus attachment, fusion, and entry into the host cell. During virus maturation, it is cleaved into two subunits: S1, which binds to receptors in the host cell, and S2, which mediates membrane fusion.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.

Detection of poliovirus circulation by environmental surveillance in the absence of clinical cases in Israel and the Palestinian authority. (1/548)

The global eradication of poliomyelitis, believed to be achievable around the year 2000, relies on strategies which include high routine immunization coverage and mass vaccination campaigns, along with continuous monitoring of wild-type virus circulation by using the laboratory-based acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. Israel and the Palestinian Authority are located in a geographical region in which poliovirus is still endemic but have been free of poliomyelitis since 1988 as a result of intensive immunization programs and mass vaccination campaigns. To monitor the wild-type virus circulation, environmental surveillance of sewage samples collected monthly from 25 to 30 sites across the country was implemented in 1989 and AFP surveillance began in 1994. The sewage samples were processed in the laboratory with a double-selective tissue culture system, which enabled economical processing of large number of samples. Between 1989 and 1997, 2,294 samples were processed, and wild-type poliovirus was isolated from 17 of them in four clusters, termed "silent outbreaks," in September 1990 (type 3), between May and September 1991 (type 1), between October 1994 and June 1995 (type 1), and in December 1996 (type 1). Fifteen of the 17 positive samples were collected in the Gaza Strip, 1 was collected in the West Bank, and 1 was collected in the Israeli city of Ashdod, located close to the Gaza Strip. The AFP surveillance system failed to detect the circulating wild-type viruses. These findings further emphasize the important role that environmental surveillance can play in monitoring the eradication of polioviruses.  (+info)

Steady state assumptions in DALYs: effect on estimates of HIV impact. (2/548)

OBJECTIVE: The disability adjusted life year (DALY) and the healthy life year (HeaLY) are both composite indicators of disease burden in a population, which combine healthy life lost from mortality and morbidity. The two formulations deal with the onset and course of a disease differently. The purpose of this paper is to compare the DALY and HeaLY formulations as to differences in apparent impact when a disease is not in an epidemiological steady state and to explore the implications of the differing results. DESIGN: HIV is used as a case study of a major disease that is entering its explosive growth phase in large areas of Asia. Data from the global burden of disease study of the World Bank and World Health Organisation for 1990 has been used to compare burden of disease measures in the two formulations. SETTING: The data pertain to global and regional estimates of HIV impact. RESULTS: The DALY attributes life lost from premature mortality to the year of death, while the HeaLY to the year of disease onset. This results in very large differences in estimates of healthy life lost based upon the DALY construct as compared with the HeaLY, for diseases such as HIV or those with a strong secular trend. CONCLUSION: The demonstration of the dramatic difference between the two indicators of disease burden reflects a limitation of the DALY. This information may directly influence decision making based on such methods and is critical to understand.  (+info)

Helicobacter pylori: the Middle East scenario. (3/548)

A review of Helicobacter pylori in the Middle East is presented. Prevalence studies have been performed in asymptomatic population groups from Algeria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. These showed that the prevalence of H. pylori is similar to that of the developing countries of the world with a high level of infection in childhood (40 to 70 percent), which increases with age to 85 to 90 percent. Israel, however, has a low prevalence in children (10 percent), but there is a rapid rise in the second decade of life to 39 percent, reaching 79 percent in those over 60 years old. The prevalence rates were higher in those living in communal settlements (72 percent) than in urban dwellers (65 percent). The infection rates were higher in persons of Mediterranean and Asian origin (89 percent) compared to those of Western European/North American origin (57 percent). The prevalence rate of H. pylori infection in patients undergoing endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal symptoms has now been reported from many Middle Eastern countries, including Egypt, Iran, Israel, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. These studies showed that patients with gastritis and peptic ulcer disease had similar rates of infection as reported from Europe, United States and Africa (71 to 92 percent). However, patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia had higher rates of infection (61 to 89 percent). The H. pylori scenario from the prevalence rates, treatment protocols and responses to treatment does not differ very much from other developing areas of the world.  (+info)

"First aid for scalds" campaign: reaching Sydney's Chinese, Vietnamese, and Arabic speaking communities. (4/548)

OBJECTIVES: As a serious yet preventable problem, scald injuries in children have been a priority for prevention in Australia and other developed countries. Not only can the occurrence of scalds be prevented, but immediate first aid treatment offers an effective method for secondary prevention, reducing the severity of scalds. Despite the success of scald prevention initiatives, local evidence suggested that first aid knowledge was lacking in some minority ethnic groups. To redress this gap, the "First Aid for Scalds" campaign for those from a non-English speaking background was specifically targeted to three ethnic groups (Vietnamese, Chinese, and Arabic), with the aim of increasing the proportions of parents and caregivers who had correct knowledge of first aid treatment for scalds. The primary strategy was a media campaign, including advertisements on ethnic radio and in ethnic newspapers. METHODS: The evaluation design included formative research and impact evaluation. The impact evaluation study involved random population based telephone surveys with each of the three language groups, before and after the campaign, to assess the reach and effectiveness of the campaign. RESULTS: After the campaign, there were significant increases in the proportion of people who knew the correct first aid treatment for scalds. There were substantial variations in campaign recall and knowledge between each of the three language groups. The largest improvement was found in the Vietnamese group. CONCLUSION: The association between campaign recall and increase in correct knowledge, and the absence of any similar interventions during the campaign period, give credence to the conclusion that the changes observed were a result of the campaign. The results demonstrate the value of community based injury prevention campaigns specifically targeting linguistically diverse communities.  (+info)

Localization of a gene for autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis with normal hearing (rdRTA2) to 7q33-34. (5/548)

Failure of distal nephrons to excrete excess acid results in the "distal renal tubular acidoses" (dRTA). Early childhood features of autosomal recessive dRTA include severe metabolic acidosis with inappropriately alkaline urine, poor growth, rickets, and renal calcification. Progressive bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is evident in approximately one-third of patients. We have recently identified mutations in ATP6B1, encoding the B-subunit of the collecting-duct apical proton pump, as a cause of recessive dRTA with SNHL. We now report the results of genetic analysis of 13 kindreds with recessive dRTA and normal hearing. Analysis of linkage and molecular examination of ATP6B1 indicated that mutation in ATP6B1 rarely, if ever, accounts for this phenotype, prompting a genomewide linkage search for loci underlying this trait. The results strongly supported linkage with locus heterogeneity to a segment of 7q33-34, yielding a maximum multipoint LOD score of 8.84 with 68% of kindreds linked. The LOD-3 support interval defines a 14-cM region flanked by D7S500 and D7S688. That 4 of these 13 kindreds do not support linkage to rdRTA2 and ATP6B1 implies the existence of at least one additional dRTA locus. These findings establish that genes causing recessive dRTA with normal and impaired hearing are different, and they identify, at 7q33-34, a new locus, rdRTA2, for recessive dRTA with normal hearing.  (+info)

High incidence of penicillin resistance amongst clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in northern Palestine. (6/548)

One hundred and thirteen consecutive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae were collected in Nablus, Palestine between March and Aug. 1997 from children with acute lower respiratory tract infections. Resistance rates were: penicillin 88%, cefuroxime 85%, erythromycin 63%, tetracycline 45%, chloramphenicol 27% and ofloxacin 2%. Resistances to erythromycin and cefuroxime were significantly associated with penicillin resistance. Ofloxacin may be useful against pneumococci resistant to traditional antimicrobial agents. Factors associated with penicillin resistance included hospitalisation and previous use of beta-lactam antibiotics.  (+info)

Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa". (7/548)

The Lemba are a traditionally endogamous group speaking a variety of Bantu languages who live in a number of locations in southern Africa. They claim descent from Jews who came to Africa from "Sena." "Sena" is variously identified by them as Sanaa in Yemen, Judea, Egypt, or Ethiopia. A previous study using Y-chromosome markers suggested both a Bantu and a Semitic contribution to the Lemba gene pool, a suggestion that is not inconsistent with Lemba oral tradition. To provide a more detailed picture of the Lemba paternal genetic heritage, we analyzed 399 Y chromosomes for six microsatellites and six biallelic markers in six populations (Lemba, Bantu, Yemeni-Hadramaut, Yemeni-Sena, Sephardic Jews, and Ashkenazic Jews). The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades. Interestingly, one of the Lemba clans carries, at a very high frequency, a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is known to be characteristic of the paternally inherited Jewish priesthood and is thought, more generally, to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin. The Bantu Y-chromosome samples are predominantly (>80%) YAP+ and include a modal haplotype at high frequency. Assuming a rapid expansion of the eastern Bantu, we used variation in microsatellite alleles in YAP+ sY81-G Bantu Y chromosomes to calculate a rough date, 3,000-5,000 years before the present, for the start of their expansion.  (+info)

Resolution of the pathways of poliovirus type 1 transmission during an outbreak. (8/548)

An outbreak of poliomyelitis with 20 cases occurred in Israel, Gaza, and the West Bank from October 1987 to October 1988. The wild type 1 poliovirus associated with the outbreak was most closely related to viruses found in the Nile Delta. The epidemiologic links among patients involved in the outbreak and patients with community-acquired infections during the outbreak were inferred from the evolutionary relationships among isolates of the outbreak virus. Complete VP1 sequences (906 nucleotides) were determined for 12 clinical and 4 sewage isolates. A total of 58 nucleotide differences were found among the 16 isolates; 74% of all substitutions were synonymous third-position transitions. An evolutionary tree, representing both the pathways of VP1 sequence evolution and the inferred chains of virus transmission during the outbreak, was constructed under the assumption that each substitution had occurred only once. The combined epidemiologic and molecular data suggest that a single founder strain was introduced into Israel from the vicinity of Gaza in the fall of 1987. Poliovirus circulation was apparently localized to southern communities during the winter and spread north by the following summer into the Hadera subdistrict of Israel, where it radiated via multiple chains of transmission into other communities in northern Israel and the West Bank. The close sequence matches (>99%) between clinical and sewage isolates from the same communities confirm the utility of environmental sampling as a tool for monitoring wild poliovirus circulation.  (+info)

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that can cause a range of respiratory illnesses, from the common cold to severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Coronavirus infections are caused by one of the four subtypes of coronaviruses: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta.

The symptoms of coronavirus infections can range from mild to severe and may include:

* Fever
* Cough
* Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
* Chest tightness or discomfort
* Headache
* Sore throat
* Runny nose or stuffy nose
* Body aches or muscle pains
* Diarrhea
* Nausea or vomiting

In severe cases, coronavirus infections can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and even death. The virus is primarily spread through close contact with an infected person, such as touching, shaking hands, or kissing. It can also be spread by touching contaminated surfaces and objects, such as door handles, light switches, and countertops.

There are several ways to diagnose coronavirus infections, including:

* Physical examination and medical history
* Chest X-ray or CT scan
* Blood tests
* Nucleic acid test (NAT)

Treatment for coronavirus infections is primarily focused on relieving symptoms and supporting the body's immune system. This may include:

* Antiviral medications
* Oxygen therapy
* Pain relief medication
* Rest and hydration

Prevention is key to avoiding coronavirus infections, and this includes:

* Washing hands frequently with soap and water
* Using alcohol-based hand sanitizers
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
* Covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing
* Staying home when sick

There are also several vaccines currently being developed to protect against coronavirus infections, but these are not yet widely available. It is important to follow the guidance of public health authorities and take precautions to prevent the spread of the virus.

There are several types of coronaviridae infections, including:

1. Common cold: This is the most common type of coronavirus infection, and it is estimated that the common cold affects millions of people worldwide each year.
2. Seasonal flu: Some coronaviruses can cause seasonal flu, which is a more severe illness than the common cold.
3. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome): This is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection that was first identified in 2003.
4. MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus): This is another serious and potentially life-threatening infection that was first identified in 2012.
5. COVID-19: This is a viral respiratory disease that was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019. It has since spread to become a global pandemic.

The symptoms of coronaviridae infections can vary depending on the type of virus and the individual infected. Common symptoms include:

* Fever
* Cough
* Sore throat
* Runny nose
* Headache
* Fatigue
* Diarrhea (in some cases)

In severe cases, coronaviridae infections can lead to complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinus and ear infections. In rare cases, they can also lead to more serious conditions such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multi-organ failure.

There is no specific treatment for coronaviridae infections, but antiviral medications may be prescribed in some cases. Treatment is generally focused on relieving symptoms and supporting the body's immune system. Prevention measures include good hygiene practices such as washing hands frequently, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and wearing masks in public places. Vaccines are also being developed to prevent COVID-19 and other coronaviridae infections.

Coronaviridae infections can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including:

* Rapid antigen tests: These tests can detect the presence of the virus in a person's nose and throat.
* PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests: These tests can detect the genetic material of the virus in a person's respiratory tract.
* Serology tests: These tests can detect antibodies against the virus in a person's blood.

Overall, coronaviridae infections can be serious and potentially life-threatening, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, many people are able to recover from them. Prevention measures such as good hygiene practices and vaccination can also help prevent the spread of these infections.

Infarction Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) is a type of ischemic stroke that occurs when there is an obstruction in the middle cerebral artery. This artery supplies blood to the temporal lobe of the brain, which controls many important functions such as memory, language, and spatial reasoning. When this artery becomes blocked or ruptured, it can cause a lack of blood supply to the affected areas resulting in tissue death (infarction).

The symptoms of an MCA infarction can vary depending on the location and severity of the blockage. Some common symptoms include weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, difficulty with speech and language, memory loss, confusion, vision problems, and difficulty with coordination and balance. Patients may also experience sudden severe headache, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

The diagnosis of MCA infarction is based on a combination of clinical examination, imaging studies such as CT or MRI scans, and laboratory tests. Imaging studies can help to identify the location and severity of the blockage, while laboratory tests may be used to rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms.

Treatment for MCA infarction depends on the underlying cause of the blockage or rupture. In some cases, medications such as thrombolytics may be given to dissolve blood clots and restore blood flow to the affected areas. Surgery may also be required to remove any blockages or repair damaged blood vessels. Other interventions such as endovascular procedures or brain bypass surgery may also be used to restore blood flow.

In summary, middle cerebral artery infarction is a type of stroke that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked or interrupted, leading to damage to the brain tissue. It can cause a range of symptoms including weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, difficulty with speech and language, memory loss, confusion, vision problems, and difficulty with coordination and balance. The diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical examination, imaging studies, and laboratory tests. Treatment options include medications, surgery, endovascular procedures, or brain bypass surgery.

Examples of emerging communicable diseases include SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), West Nile virus, and HIV/AIDS. These diseases are often difficult to diagnose and treat, and they can spread rapidly due to increased travel and trade, as well as the high level of interconnectedness in today's world.

Emerging communicable diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, such as environmental changes, genetic mutations, or the transmission of diseases from animals to humans. These diseases can also be spread through various routes, including airborne transmission, contact with infected bodily fluids, and vector-borne transmission (such as through mosquitoes or ticks).

To prevent the spread of emerging communicable diseases, it is important to have strong surveillance systems in place to detect and monitor outbreaks, as well as effective public health measures such as vaccination programs, quarantine, and contact tracing. Additionally, research into the causes and transmission mechanisms of these diseases is crucial for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies.

Overall, emerging communicable diseases pose a significant threat to global health security, and it is important for healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the general public to be aware of these diseases and take steps to prevent their spread.

The common types of RTIs include:

1. Common cold: A viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and mild fever.
2. Influenza (flu): A viral infection that can affect both the upper and lower respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
3. Bronchitis: An inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which can be caused by viruses or bacteria, resulting in symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
4. Pneumonia: An infection of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, leading to symptoms such as fever, chills, coughing, and difficulty breathing.
5. Tonsillitis: An inflammation of the tonsils, which can be caused by bacteria or viruses, resulting in symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and bad breath.
6. Sinusitis: An inflammation of the sinuses, which can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi, leading to symptoms such as headache, facial pain, and nasal congestion.
7. Laryngitis: An inflammation of the larynx (voice box), which can be caused by viruses or bacteria, resulting in symptoms such as hoarseness, loss of voice, and difficulty speaking.

RTIs can be diagnosed through physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays, blood tests, and nasal swab cultures. Treatment for RTIs depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, and supportive care to manage symptoms.

It's important to note that RTIs can be contagious and can spread through contact with an infected person or by touching contaminated surfaces. Therefore, it's essential to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently, covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.

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... is Middle East's longest-standing trade show for the professional sound, light, audiovisual, music, ... "Prolight + Sound Middle East Dubai 2019". "PALME Middle East , mediaME". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved ... Sound Middle East". Retrieved 2018-05-28. "PALME Middle East Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2012, 1 May - 3 ... Most significant individual who has contributed to the AV Industry in the Middle East "HiddenWires - PALME Middle East Calls ...
"Middle East Electricity 2012 sets platform for more than 800 exhibitors , Middle East Electricity". Archived from ... The Middle East Electricity Awards takes place on the opening night of the event at a gala dinner and covers nine individual ... Hosted by the UAE Ministry of Energy and based in Dubai, Middle East Energy is the leading international trade event for the ... Middle East Energy Official Site Informa Exhibitions Official Site (Wikipedia articles with possible conflicts of interest from ...
... "Peter Oborne bio". Middle East Eye. Madawi al-Rasheed bio, Middle East Eye "Sarah Leah Whitson bio". Middle ... "Faisal Kutty bio". Middle East Eye. "Ali Lmrabet bio". Middle East Eye. "Gideon Levy bio". Middle East Eye. "Political Islam ... Middle East Eye. March 6, 2018. "Ian Cobain bio". Middle East Eye. Jonathan Cook, bio, Middle East Eye "From Obama to Trump: ... Middle East Eye. February 2, 2017. "Richard Falk bio". Middle East Eye. "Turkey: Why the West should show more support". Middle ...
... may refer to: Middle East University (Jordan) Middle East University (Lebanon) Middle East Technical ... Middle East University of the Middle East Project This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Middle East ...
... is a peer reviewed Middle Eastern studies journal published by Taylor & Francis for the Center for Middle ... while the name of the journal changed to Middle East Critique in 2009. Eric Hooglund was appointed as the journal's full-time ... An editorial collective brought out the first issue of Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies in the fall of 1992. For the ... Middle Eastern studies journals, Publications established in 1992, Quarterly journals, Taylor & Francis academic journals, All ...
The Middle East is a historical and political region of Afro-Eurasia. The Middle East may also refer to: Greater Middle East, a ... a neighborhood Middle East Television, a Christian television station The Middle East (band), an Australian Indie band from ... new proposed political region Middle East Airlines, the flag carrier airline of Lebanon The Middle East (nightclub), a live ... Queensland The Middle East (magazine), a London-based magazine Mideast Youth, a Bahrain-based regional digital network Mid-East ...
... @ Middle East Policy Council Middle East Policy @ John Wiley & Sons (Articles with short description, Short ... Middle East Policy is an academic peer-reviewed journal on the Middle East region in the field of foreign policy founded in ... published quarterly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Middle East Policy Council. Its current editor is Anne Joyce, Vice ... Middle Eastern studies journals, Quarterly journals, Hybrid open access journals, 1982 establishments in Washington, D.C., ...
Middle East is bordered by East Biddle Street to the north, North Broadway to the west, Bradford Street to the east, and East ... "The Value of the Times: Reshaping Baltimore City Middle East Neighbourhood". ArcGIS. Retrieved 2019-05-18. "From 'Middle East' ... Middle East is a neighborhood in the heart of East Baltimore, Maryland. It is the site of a conflict between residents and the ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Middle East, Baltimore. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baltimore/East Baltimore. ...
... is a game in which a brigade-level simulation is set in the Middle East, and each game turn takes half of ... "Conflict: Middle East review from Amiga Action 24 (Sep 1991) - Amiga Magazine Rack". " - DIE Kult- ... By now many people will be familiar with their operating system and will be able to plough into Conflict: Middle East without ... Conflict: Middle East is a 1991 video game published by Strategic Simulations. ...
... (Arabic: إذاعة الشرق الأوسط, romanized: Iza'at al Sharq al Awsat) is an Egyptian pan-Arab commercial radio ... The station ran at times ads targeting the Middle East and North Africa through its powerful medium wave broadcasting ...
... , formerly AFEMO (The Francophone Association for Middle East Studies) was created in February 2004 by a group ... Since its creation, Middle East Pact has assumed the mission of making French-speaking academia aware of numerous challenges ... In February 2008, the organization changed its name to Middle East Pact and has since been working as an international study ... Masri Feki Website of the Middle East Pact (MEP) Article in the Turkish Daily News (Organizations established in 2004, ...
... may refer to: East Middle School (California) East Middle School (Farmington, Michigan) East Middle School ( ...
The Middle East Monitor (MEMO) is a not-for-profit press monitoring organisation and lobbying group that emerged in mid 2009. ... MEMO is largely focused on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but writes about other issues in the Middle East as well. MEMO is ... wrote that some of the staff of MEMO as well as the similar Middle East Eye are also active in Interpal, which has been ... and the Hamas website and social media accounts post and share material from the Middle East Monitor. Vorhies, Zach; ...
... , formerly Friends of the Earth Middle East (?-2014), is a regional environmental peacebuilding ... Zack, Lizabeth (Fall 2015). "Water Blues". Middle East Report. No. 276. Tacoma, Washington: Middle East Research and ... After joining the international Friends of the Earth network, EcoPeace became Friends of the Earth Middle East, but in 2014 it ... October 27, 2014 - EcoPeace / FoEME celebrates 20 years, and reverts to original name ECOPEACE MIDDLE EAST Dead Sea needs world ...
"Middle East Asia Project". Middle East Institute. 2013. Middle East Institute Media related to Middle East Institute at ... Middle East Institute (1947). Middle East Journal. "Oman Library at the Middle East Institute". Middle East Institute. Archived ... Kathleen Manalo (1987). A Short History of the Middle East Institute. "History of the Middle East Institute". Middle East ... "About". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 2022-01-01. Washington, DC, Recorder of Deeds (1948). Middle East Institute ...
List of programs broadcast by Middle East Television "Middle East Pullouts: CBN News Perspective on a Tragic History". January ... Middle East Television began searching for a new broadcast facility in May 1999. On May 2, 2000, Middle East Television ... Middle East Television (METV) is a Christian satellite television broadcasting network located in Limassol, Cyprus. Programming ... "METV Official Press Release". Middle East Television (METV) (Articles with short description, Short description matches ...
List of magazines in Lebanon Subscribe Real Middle East Coming events IFP Past Issues Real Middle East Events Real Middle East ... Real Middle East was launched in 1974. The magazine is published 11 times a year (monthly except in December/January) and its ... Real Middle East is a trade/consumer magazine devoted to real estate, architecture, lifestyle and design. It is committed to ... In October 2009, Real Middle East launched its second volume, a continuation of the first volume launched in 2007 as a trade ...
... (Swedish: Östra Mellansverige) is a National Area (Swedish: Riksområde) of Sweden. The National Areas are a ... East Middle Sweden includes 5 counties: Örebro (seat: Örebro) Östergötland (seat: Linköping) Södermanland (seat: Nyköping) ... East Middle Sweden, National Areas of Sweden, Svealand, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union, All stub articles, ... It borders with the riksområden of North Middle Sweden, West Sweden, Småland and the islands and Stockholm (National Area). The ...
... : Including Peace in the Middle East? Reflections on Justice and Nationhood is a 2003 book by Noam Chomsky ...
"Middle East College". UK: University of Coventry. "Middle East College". NL: Breda University of Applied Sciences. "Middle East ... "Middle East College aims at developing human resources". "EC-Council Middle East - Cyber Security Certification Courses Middle ... "Middle East College - University of Wolverhampton". "Board of Directors". Oman: Middle East ... Middle East College (MEC) is a college based in Muscat, Oman. It is one of the leading higher education institution in the ...
On 28 June 2012, Middle East Airlines joined the SkyTeam alliance to become its 17th member and the second in the Middle East ... "History and Network , About Us , Middle East Airlines". Retrieved 2022-03-28. "Profile on Middle East Airlines ... the Middle East, and Africa from its base at Rafic Hariri International Airport. Middle East Airlines (MEA) is a member of the ... Middle East Airlines flies to 31 destinations in the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. In addition, Medina is served seasonally ...
"Middle East steppe". Digital Observatory for Protected Areas. Retrieved August 1, 2020. "Middle East steppe". The Encyclopedia ... The Middle East steppe ecoregion (WWF ID: PA0812) stretches in an arc from southern Jordan across Syria and Iraq to the western ... "Middle East steppe". World Wildlife Federation. Retrieved March 21, 2020. "Map of Ecoregions 2017". Resolve, using WWF data. ... and almost touching the border with Iran in the east. The terrain is flat plains or hills, with an average elevation of 468 ...
250 exhibitors Post Show Report Intermat Middle East 2012 INTERMAT Middle East Returns to Abu Dhabi in October 2012 Under the ... gas infrastructures in the Middle East region. This trade exhibition is organised by Clarion Events Middle East and Comexposium ... in ME for Liebherr Growing support for Intermat Middle East General Manager of SENNEBOGEN Middle East Predicts 'Good ... Kanoo GM Post Show Report Intermat Middle East 2012 INTERMAT Middle East (Orphaned articles from October 2013, All orphaned ...
... was a battalion sized British Commando unit of the British Army during the Second World War. The Commando ... The Middle East Commando was disbanded in 1942. Notes Moreman, p.19 Bibliography van der Bijl, Nick (2006). No. 10 Inter-Allied ... In December 1940 a Middle East Commando depot was formed with the responsibility of training and supplying reinforcements for ... was formed in the Middle East from the survivors of the Layforce Commando unit partly to placate Winston Churchill who ...
After 1945, the Middle East Command was reformed as Middle East Land Forces. Middle East Land Forces commanded the forces in ... Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in ... Middle East Command, upon its establishment, was to also co-ordinate with the French military in the Middle East and Africa. ... Middle East was renamed to Commander-in-Chief Middle East. The new title received some criticism on the grounds that command in ...
The Middle East Report is a magazine published by the Middle East Research and Information Project (MERIP). The headquarters is ... ISBN 978-0-942961-28-7. "Middle East Report Online". Middle East Research and Information Project. 2012. Archived from the ... In its online version, the Middle East Report is made available in a mixed access mode, with some open access articles and ... The magazine is consistently critical of Israel, Zionism, and the foreign relations of the United States in the Middle East. In ...
Later he managed Socony's Middle East department and was elected regional vice president of Mobil International Oil Company, ...
Abou Fakher has been featured on the cover of the Middle East editions of Rolling Stone and GQ Middle East as part of Mashrou' ... GQ Middle East's November Cover Stars Khalaf, Coletter (August 5, 2020). "Un trio libanais qui veut innover sur le petit écran ... Egypt Independent: The obsessions of Mashrou Leila Dazed (2019-05-22). "A day with Mashrou' Leila, the new face of Middle ...
The Al Maya Group in the Middle East commenced its business operations with a stand-alone supermarket in Ajman in the late ...
It was established as a protest against, and an alternative to, the perceived middle-class bias and assumptions of regular ... New Yorker Volkszeitung as an institution of great benefit to the entire German working-class neighborhood on Manhattan's East ...
... to cooperate and to subject themselves to the Allied Middle East High Command under General Wilson (the "National Bands ...
Some Salurs still live in the Middle East and Central Asia. Oghuz traditional tribal organization Chepni, another Üçok tribe. ... later in the middle reaches of the Amu Darya river, in the Murghab oasis and, finally, in Serakhs - the last place of their ... the Salyr tribe played an important role in the Oghuz Yabgu State up to the middle of the 10th century until the beginning of ...
To the east of the city the Ochil Hills dominate the skyline with the highest peak in the range being Ben Cleuch, although ... with the first element being connected to Middle Welsh ystre-, "a dwelling". The name may have originally been a hydronym, and ... On the other hand, the Carse of Stirling, stretching to the west and east of the city, is one of the flattest and most ... However this has been augmented by out-of-town developments such as the Springkerse Retail Park on the city bypass to the east ...
She has led the country through Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), Influenza A virus subtype H7N9 (bird flu) and Dengue ...
His Middle English treatise on the seven deadly sins contains his accusations against the views of the Wycliffite John Purvey, ... K. Wade, 'Gipeswic - East Anglia's First Economic Capital 600-1066', in N. P. Salmon and R. Malster (Eds), Ipswich from The ... at first to the east of St Stephen's Lane and afterwards over much of the area from St Stephen's Lane westward toward Queen ... aligned at right-angles to St Stephen's Lane and with its east front overlooking the lower part of the lane. St Stephen's Lane ...
Paul's East Side, dies Former Winged Foot Pro Nieporte Dies At 86 Vår käre Hans Riesel Archived 2015-02-02 at the Wayback ... Dies Former Moroccan Middle Distance Champion Dies "Hans-Christian Bartel". Discogs. "Obituary: Sheriff Principal Graham Cox QC ... North East star passes away aged 68 Vice-Admiral Rustom Ghandhi - obituary Real Estate Development Pioneer, Philanthropist ...
It just moved east, to Denver." Psychedelic drug use became common. Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir commented: Haight Ashbury ... middle-class vacationers; and even partying military personnel from bases within driving distance. The Haight-Ashbury could not ... After this event, Allan Katzman, the editor of the East Village Other, predicted that 50,000 hippies would enter the area for ...
Beyond the Red Sea, the manuscript describes the coast of India as far as the Ganges River and the east coast of Africa (called ... Persian sailors had long had their own sailing guide books, called Rahnāmag in Middle Persian (Rahnāmeh رهنامه in Modern ...
In 1890, Chekhov undertook an arduous journey by train, horse-drawn carriage, and river steamer to the Russian Far East and the ... When my brothers and I used to stand in the middle of the church and sing the trio "May my prayer be exalted", or "The ... American Slavic and East European Review. 12 (1): 109-121. doi:10.2307/3004259. JSTOR 3004259. William H. New (1999). Reading ...
A white undulating band runs horizontally across and is interrupted in the middle by the figure of the Camuy sun, in this case ... east of Quebradillas; and west of Hatillo. Camuy is spread over 12 barrios and Camuy Pueblo (the downtown area and the ...
... founder of Middle East Media Research Institute Yosef Carmon, Israeli actor Ziv Carmon, Israeli academic Carman, surname Carmen ...
... the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Central Asia. Greater Syria Fertile Crescent Levantine Sea Near East ... "The Growing Alignment Between the Gulf and the Eastern Mediterranean". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 2021-08-15. (Articles ... Geography of the Middle East, Geography of North Africa, Geography of Southeastern Europe, Geography of Western Asia). ... Its broadest uses can embrace the Libyan Sea thus Libya; the Aegean Sea thus European Turkey (East Thrace), the mainland and ...
... as a genre in the Middle East and Asia dates back to ancient works, such as Sumerian disputations preserved in copies ... In the East, in 13th century Japan, dialogue was used in important philosophical works. In the 1200s, Nichiren Daishonin wrote ... Dispute Poems and Dialogues in the Ancient and Mediaeval Near East: Forms and Types of Literary Debates in Semitic and Related ...
... the Middle East, and Manueline Portugal (e.g., Arch, 1988). The 1990s was a decade of greater formal experimentation for ...
To the east are larger lots with more trees, most of them the rear yards of larger houses along Farragut Avenue. The half-acre ... After its completion, it was sold and occupied at least through the middle of the century. Eventually it grew vacant, and began ... A drop similar to that in the rear follows the natural slope of the terrain at the east (front), heavily worked and planted ...
The Intelsat 18 Ku-band payload consists of 24 operational 36 MHz channels with coverage for the Middle East, Africa, and ... The satellite was planned to be located at 72° East Longitude over the Indian Ocean. The Australian Defence Force (ADF) signed ...
... the Arab world and the problems in the middle east in general. After the Iraqi monarchy was overthrown, the Revolutionary ...
Although the club did not have a good beginning, they went on to defeat big clubs in the I-league like East Bengal, Mohun Bagan ... The northern (Malabar region) and middle parts of Kerala, especially Malappuram and Thrissur, are famous for football-crazy. ... In 1800, commander Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington of British East India Company made Thalassery (then Tellicherry) ... K., Sreejith (2021). The Middle Class in Colonial Malabar: A Social History. Routledge. p. 91. ISBN 9781000464191. Retrieved 10 ...
... the Middle East, South East Asia, and Asia Pacific. The Kerala Startup Mission, formerly known as the Technopark Business ... "Falcon to connect Middle East". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 February 2007. "New Technology Startup Policy to boost ...
RAF Iraq Command List of modern conflicts in the Middle East Prince, James M. (January 1993). "A Kurdish State in Iraq?". ... British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 27 (2): 139-163. doi:10.1080/13530190020000501. S2CID 144862193. McDowall, David ( ...
Attorney for the Middle District of Florida (2014-2017) Daniel Bogden, U.S. Attorney for the District of Nevada (2009-2017, ... Ambassador to East Timor (2014-2017) Julie Furuta-Toy, U.S. Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea (2016-2019) Marie Yovanovitch, U.S ...
28th Street to the east, Rock Creek Park to the southeast, Massachusetts Avenue to the southwest, and 34th Street to the west. ... the 61st Congress allowed an exception to the typical street layout to a little bit of wilderness right in the middle of ...
Middle Tennessee Cyber Conference is an annual two-day event that covers cybersecurity trends, first-hand knowledge from ... ShmooCon, in Washington, DC is an annual east coast hacker conference that is held in Washington, DC. SkyDogCon, A technology ... "Middle TN Cyber Conference". Retrieved 2022-04-01. "NDSS Network & Distributed System Security Symposium". Internet Society. ...
With the support of socialists and concerned middle-class Dutch, he campaigned against what he saw as the unjustness of the ... The Dutch Ethical Policy (Dutch: Ethische Politiek) was the official policy of the colonial government of the Dutch East Indies ... Willem Anthony Engelbrecht Indonesia portal Cultivation System Dutch East Indies Dutch Empire History of Indonesia Indonesian ... that the Dutch government had a moral obligation to the native people of the Dutch East Indies that could be summarised in the ...
The house was at least initially one room measuring ten feet by nine.: 54 The house was on the south east corner of Avon ... Spencer had a farm at Middle Swan, but unfortunately his entire establishment, dwelling house, out-houses, corn ricks, ...
... in all Middle Low German dialects, while Old Saxon /mũːθ/ ('mouth') appears as /mʊnd/ in all Middle Low German dialects. The ... It does not affect High German, East Germanic or North Germanic. Likewise: Germanic *tanþs > English tooth, North Frisian tôs, ... tenth - from Middle English tenthe. The original Germanic *tehundô, which was regularised to *tehunþô in early Ingvaeonic, was ... Dutch gans, German Gans). Germanic *fimf > English five, West Frisian fiif, East Frisian fieuw, Dutch vijf, Low German fiew, ...
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness. First reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, it has since ... Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is viral respiratory illness that is new to humans. It was first reported in Saudi ...
Jason Greenblatt, President Trumps top Middle East negotiator, led Jewish prayer services at a synagogue in Bahrain this week ... Events to mark the occasion will continue into the middle of November. On the night of Nov. 4, 1995, I was backstage at a… ...
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Britains Middle Eastern presence expanded during and after The First World War, incorporating Transjordan and Mesopotamia. The ... The Near and Middle East. TE Lawrence (third from left) with delegates from the Cairo Conference in Amman in April 1921.. © ... You are here: Cabinet Papers home , Browse by theme , Empire, commonwealth and de-colonisation , The Near and Middle East ... During the First World War Britains political presence throughout the Middle East increased. Egypt became a protectorate in ...
Lonely Planets Middle East is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden ...
... travelling the middle-east. As adduced in the document various hotels in the middle-eastern region seem to demand photocopies ... Retrieved from "" ...
... the Middle East Affairs coordinates policy towards and manages bilateral trade relations with the European Union (and its ... and the Middle East (including the northern tier of Africa). ... USTRs Office of Europe & the Middle East Affairs coordinates ... and the Middle East (including the northern tier of Africa).. Prominent current responsibilities include: managing US-EU trade ... developing stronger trade and investment relations in the Middle East/North Africa region to advance broader U.S. strategic and ...
You can now quickly and easily find selected genuine parts for your classic car using the Porsche Classic Parts Explorer. Each year, some 300 reissued parts plus selected products for specific models become available online, along with all of the relevant details, of course. In addition to images and part numbers, you will find a range of useful information regarding the individual products and specific usage scenarios.. As you can imagine, there is a wealth of information available to explore. Why not begin your own tour of the Parts Explorer now and find out which reissued parts are available for your classic car. Incidentally: It is worth checking back regularly. After all, our product range is always expanding. We look forward to your visit.. Read more ...
Gerald LaBelle, former AP Middle East editor, dead at 76. February 28 , By Deepti Hajela ...
In the Middle East, optimists are the ones who say things have never been so bad; pessimists recognize they could still get ... The presidents basic impulse to restore trust with Americas partners in the Middle East is not wrong. The 2003 Iraq war, ... But it would be a mistake for Trump to ignore the Middle Easts deep dysfunction in his search for a feel-good narrative. Maybe ... What Trump Needs to Tell the Middle East The presidents charm offensive shouldnt mask the regions ugly reality. ...
Gaming catering to a Middle Eastern audience has seen many new developments in the last month. A new Facebook game likened to ... If a game was developed outside of the Middle East, featuring armed soldiers ripping through Arab cities such as Amman, Riyadh ... Lesotho-born and raised, Nancy Messieh, The Next Webs Middle East Editor, is an Egyptian writer and photographer based in ... Lesotho-born and raised, Nancy Messieh, The Next Webs Middle East Editor, is an Egyptian writer and photographer based in ...
Bronze Age in the Middle East (2300 - 1200 B.C.E.). Map of important archaeological sites in the Middle East Archaeological ... MIDDLE BRONZE AGE ,===years===,: Before Christian Era (B.C.E.) The Middle Bronze I period corresponds roughly to the First ... Spear points with long or short sockets replace the curled-tang spearpoint of Middle Bronze I. In Middle Bronze II swords are ... MIDDLE BRONZE AGE (2200 - 1570 B.C.E.) Most of the following material was exhumed in the Bronze Age cemetery at Gibeon (el Jib ...
It is with great pleasure that we announce the Middle East nominees of the 27th annual World Travel Awards as*:. Region:. View ... Middle Easts Leading Airport Lounge 2020. Plaza Premium Lounge Dubai. Al Reem Plaza Premium Lounge, Abu Dhabi International ... Middle Easts Leading Exhibition & Convention Centre 2020. Dubai World Trade Centre. Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre - ... Middle Easts Leading Hotel Rooftop Restaurant & Bar 2020. CÉ LA VI Dubai @ Address Sky View Hotel, UAE. ...
An international watchdog group says its annual survey shows the most violent nations in the Middle East are perceived to be ... Corruption survey shows Middle Easts most troubled nations heading downhill. Associated Press ... BERLIN - An international watchdog group says its annual survey shows the most violent nations in the Middle East are perceived ... Transparency Internationals 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks more than four-fifths of countries in the Middle East ...
Innes said one Middle East customer has already confirmed an order for the technology, but he declined to name it. Leonardos ... "In Africa, in the Middle East, Sabena already had a very well-established customer base, so it was logical for us as the ... repair and overhaul company Sabena technics will help the company break into the air defense markets in the Middle East and ... especially in the Middle East. The defense system works by shining a high-powered laser into a missiles targeting system, ...
... "birth pangs of a new Middle East." As in 2006, the world is once again bearing witness to the birth pangs of a new Middle East ... Tags: Energy Policy, Iran, Middle East and North Africa, Oil Production, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States ... In the Middle East, the United States and its major European and regional allies no longer share a cohesive, united vision. ... Iran Is Winning the Battle for the Middle Easts Future. The vision of Irans Qassem Suleimani will continue to triumph until ...
A Democratic Middle East is Intolerable for Saudi Arabia. by Kourosh Ziabari ... That deployment is essential for U.S. war aims in the Middle East, and in the Gulf region ? mainly as a deterrent against Iran ... Prashad: A long process of preparation has been afoot in the Middle East and North Africa, The spur for the uprising was in ... Whats your idea about the destiny of the revolutions in the Middle East? ...
"We expect Chinese tourists to provide a boost to Middle East luxury sales over the next six to 12 months, which should be ... SHANGHAI - According to a recent report from Barclays, a healthy luxury consumption rebound in the Middle East will be partly ... The report pointed to Richemont-owned brands Cartier and Van Cleef & Arpel for their growth momentum in the Middle East, ... Chinese Consumers to Drive Luxury Sales in the Middle East. According to Barclays, travel from mainland China toward Dubai is ...
Essays on Sports and Politics in the Middle East and North Africa, and the forthcoming China and the Middle East: Venturing ... and co-host of the New Books in Middle Eastern Studies podcast. James is the author of The Turbulent World of Middle East ... The Middle East: History threatens to repeat itself in World - by Dr James M Dorsey - 02/07/2018 ... The crisis in the Middle East offers the West a historic opportunity in the far larger struggle with China and Russia for a ...
The Middle East is still a hive of activity but the region is starting to feel the affects of the global economic slump. Euan ... Recession felt in Middle East. The Middle East is still a hive of activity but the region is starting to feel the affects of ... Recession felt in Middle East. The Middle East is still a hive of activity but the region is starting to feel the affects of ... Recession felt in Middle East. The Middle East is still a hive of activity but the region is starting to feel the affects of ...
Jordan, Home to Middle Easts Largest Refugee Camp, Hit With Sandstorms and Extreme Temperatures. By Lucy Westcott On 8/4/15 at ... Jordans Zaatari refugee camp, home to more than 83,000 people, many from Syria, and the largest camp in the Middle East, ... A sandstorm in Jordan has caused havoc this week, disrupting road and air travel and coating the Middle Easts largest refugee ...
The Middle East is the birthplace of Jesus, and yet most people in this area of the world do not know him. For many years, ... it is true right now in the Middle East. Historically, this has been one of the "hardest to reach" areas of the world, but ...
It is the evidence behind my personal observation that, for as long as I have studied the Middle East, all of the profoundly ... The Washington Institute seeks to advance a balanced and realistic understanding of American interests in the Middle East and ... The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America. ... Seven Black Swans in the Middle East by Martin Kramer Sep 24, ...
The Middle East Librarians Association (MELA) has elected Sharon C. Smith, program head of the Aga Khan Documentation Center at ... Smith to lead Middle East Librarians Association. Program head of the Aga Khan Documentation Center to become organizations ... and to promote research in and development of indexing and automated techniques as applied to Middle East materials. ... to encourage cooperation among members and Middle East libraries, especially in the acquisition of materials and the ...
Following its Middle East debut in the United Arab Emirates, W16 Mistrals next journey takes it to Riyadh. The incomparable ... Following its Middle East debut in the United Arab Emirates, W16 Mistrals next journey takes it to Riyadh. The incomparable ... Bugattis latest hyper sports car has been touring the Middle East since then, with the Arabian Peninsula one of the most ... Kostas Psarris, Regional Director Middle East & Asia at Bugatti, said: "Saudi Arabia continues to grow as a vibrant hub for ...
... middle east - Sharing our stories on preparing for and responding to public health events ... You think youve heard the phrase before - its got something to do with the Middle East, right? Youre correct - but there is ...
The UK fund house is said to have engaged a recruitment firm to help it set up its first branch in the Middle East, joining a ... A raft of family businesses are planning to list in the coming months in the Middle East, but they face competition for ... Tag : middle east. Tsangs Group adds Dubai office; explores Metaverse, NFT assets ... Islamic assets managed in the Middle East shrank overall last year, but sharia alternative investments were a bright spot, ...
  • Summary of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus transmission pathways. (
  • MERS is caused by the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). (
  • Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection causes a spectrum of respiratory illness, from asymptomatic to mild to fatal. (
  • Since the first human case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified in 2012, the World Health Organization has reported 2,494 infections and 858 deaths (case-fatality ratio 34.4%) in persons across 27 countries in the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and North America ( 1 ). (
  • Types and frequency of contacts with camels among participants in study on Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Marsabit County, Kenya, 2018-2020. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to work with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to closely monitor Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) globally, including the cases of MERS-CoV infection recently reported by China and the Republic of Korea, to better understand the risks to public health. (
  • Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first detected in Saudi Arabia in 2012 ( 1 ). (
  • Although seroprevalence of Middle East respiratory coronavirus syndrome is high among camels in Africa, researchers have not detected zoonotic transmission in Kenya. (
  • We report PCR-confirmed Middle East respiratory coronavirus syndrome in 3 asymptomatic handlers. (
  • Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is an emerging viral respiratory disease caused by the MERS coronavirus, also called MERS-CoV, that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. (
  • Background: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is an illness caused by a coronavirus in which infected persons develop severe acute respiratory illness. (
  • In less than two decades, three members of the group, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, and SARS-COV-2, have emerged causing disease outbreaks that affected millions and claimed the lives of thousands of people. (
  • En moins de deux décennies, trois membres du groupe, le coronavirus (CoV) du syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère (SRAS), le syndrome respiratoire du Moyen-Orient (MERS)-CoV et le SRAS-COV-2, sont apparus, provoquant des épidémies qui ont touché des millions et des personnes. (
  • En 2017, un autre coronavirus, le coronavirus du syndrome de la diarrhée aiguë du porc (SADS) (SADS-CoV) est apparu chez des animaux tuant plus de 24000 porcelets en Chine. (
  • En raison de l'importance médicale et vétérinaire des coronavirus, nous avons effectué une revue de la littérature disponible et résumé les informations actuelles sur leurs propriétés et leur diversité. (
  • 21 (4): 258-271 chez les animaux domestiques et sauvages, en particulier les chauves-souris et les oiseaux, et la propension de leurs génomes à subir des mutations et des recombinaisons peuvent conduire à l'émergence de nouveaux coronavirus qui pourraient constituer une menace sérieuse pour la santé humaine et animale. (
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is viral respiratory illness that is new to humans. (
  • 1,125 laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV cases reported iddle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coro- to WHO during January 1, 2015-April 13, 2018, a total navirus (MERS-CoV) was first detected in Sau- of 157 (14%) had unknown exposure ( 15 ). (
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a severe respiratory illness that mainly involves the upper respiratory tract. (
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): frequently asked questions and answers. (
  • Perlman S, McIntosh K. Coronaviruses, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). (
  • Racelis S, de los Reyes VC, Sucaldito MN, Deveraturda I, Roca JB, Tayag E. Contact tracing the first Middle East respiratory syndrome case in the Philippines, February 2015. (
  • Prashad: A long process of preparation has been afoot in the Middle East and North Africa, The spur for the uprising was in last year's Russian wheat harvest, which was historically poor. (
  • These developments will define…interaction with 400 million people living in Europe's immediate neighbourhood, and shape relations with the wider Middle East and North Africa region… This can have profound geopolitical implications, influence the global scenario for the foreseeable future and maybe change the nature of international politics," Mr. Sabadell said. (
  • Following the exit of 25-year Mercer veteran Mailesh Shah, the firm has appointed a new head of investment consulting for the Middle East and Africa. (
  • Safety and Efficacy of Metabolic Surgery in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in the Middle East and North Africa Region: An Analysis of Primary Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy Outcomes. (
  • The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated that in 2021, 51.8% of all deaths of people under 60 years old in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region were related to diabetes. (
  • But it would be a mistake for Trump to ignore the Middle East's deep dysfunction in his search for a feel-good narrative. (
  • We decided to see what some of the Middle East's own gamers, the target audience for the game, had to say. (
  • A sandstorm in Jordan has caused havoc this week, disrupting road and air travel and coating the Middle East's largest refugee camp in a layer of grit. (
  • Kostas Psarris, Regional Director Middle East & Asia at Bugatti, said: "Saudi Arabia continues to grow as a vibrant hub for international trade, and as it grows so too does the enthusiasm for the hyper sports cars of Molsheim. (
  • Bugatti also chose Saudi Arabia as the Middle Eastern location to debut the Chiron Sport 3 'Les Legendes du Ciel' - an exclusive edition paying homage to legendary French pilots central to Bugatti's history and enduring legend. (
  • Bugatti's latest hyper sports car has been touring the Middle East since then, with the Arabian Peninsula one of the most important regions in the world for Bugatti. (
  • DOHA, QATAR, May 26, 2023/ / -- The first Middle Eastern outlet of the experiential USA gourmet chocolatier brand, Chocolate Bash , opened in Doha on May 24 to satisfy the daring spirit of all chocolate lovers. (
  • Nowhere is this shift more apparent than in the Middle East, where the incoherence of the Trump administration's foreign policy has been on full display. (
  • Neither a grand diplomatic bargain nor a military campaign will resolve the daunting demographic, social, economic and political challenges Middle Eastern countries face. (
  • In his first four months in office, they have sent messages of support to Middle Eastern leaders. (
  • Is controversy unavoidable in Middle Eastern gaming? (
  • Gaming catering to a Middle Eastern audience has seen many new developments in the last month. (
  • The most recent game catering to a Middle Eastern audience comes from Jordan-based Wizard Productions . (
  • I can only assume that it's set in some Middle Eastern countries to seem appealing to the target audience, Arabs. (
  • A watch dealer based in Riyadh recently told us that he continues to see very strong demand for high-end watches among Middle Eastern collectors, who are among the most enthusiastic in the world," Barclays said. (
  • W. Bush recognized that Western support for Middle Eastern autocracy that failed to address widespread popular grievances and perceptions of Western policy had created the feeding ground for jihadist groups focused on striking at Western targets. (
  • Martin Kramer is The Washington Institute's Walter P. Stern Fellow and author of one of its most widely read monographs, Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America. (
  • The Ukraine crisis has confronted three Middle Eastern countries-Turkey, Israel and Iran-as well as India, with serious policy quandaries. (
  • Most cases were spread from people who traveled to the Middle Eastern countries. (
  • Lesotho-born and raised, Nancy Messieh, The Next Web's Middle East Editor, is an Egyptian writer and photographer based in Cairo, Egypt. (
  • The Nineteenth Dynasty kings quickly reestablished Egyptian control under Seti I. By the middle of the thirteenth century (ANET, pp. 252- 260), Egypt lost control of much of northern Syria to the Hittite kings (ANET, pp. 255-258). (
  • Bronze replaces copper beginning in Middle Bronze IIA. (
  • The historic significance of developments in the Middle East was laid bare in a recent interview aired on Iranian state television with Maj. (
  • The failure of the United States, Europe, China and Russia to recognize key drivers of fundamental societal change and revisit the underpinnings of their policies towards the Middle East and beyond threatens to nullify professed aims of wanting to end bloodshed, curb extremism, stabilize the region and protect their interests. (
  • Last year, our two think tanks came together for a unique project in this age of partisan polarization in Washington-a bipartisan, on-the-ground study of the drivers of instability across the Middle East, based on a series of visits and dialogues in and about the region. (
  • If a game was developed outside of the Middle East, featuring armed soldiers ripping through Arab cities such as Amman, Riyadh, Abu Dhabi and Dubai, would the region welcome them, or take offense? (
  • The Middle East is almost always in the American news, and US forces-whether on the ground or in the air-have been involved in the region almost consistently for generations. (
  • Transparency International's 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks more than four-fifths of countries in the Middle East below 50 on a scale where 0 is a country perceived to be highly corrupt and 100 perceived to be very clean. (
  • Chronic NCDs now account for 61% of all deaths and 46% of the burden of disease among low- and middle-income countries. (
  • Taurus Wealth Advisors recently hit $1 billion in assets under management and has applied for a licence to operate in the Middle East with a view to winning more clients there. (
  • Qaddafi acted as he would, which is to say, he arrested the main leadership and threatened protests in the hills of the west (in Zintan and Misurata) and in the cities of the east (Benghazi mainly). (
  • A raft of family businesses are planning to list in the coming months in the Middle East, but they face competition for investor capital from state company IPOs and concerns about governance. (
  • The UK fund house is said to have engaged a recruitment firm to help it set up its first branch in the Middle East, joining a list of firms making or planning similar moves. (
  • If the notion that history repeats itself is accurate, it is nowhere truer than in the Middle East where the international community, caught by surprise by the 2011 popular Arab revolts, has reverted to opting for political stability as opposed to sustainability, ignoring the undercurrents of change wracking the Middle East. (
  • The Arab world is in the middle of a process of deep social and political change… The emergence of Arab peoples as key political actors, in combination with widespread, profound and mounting popular frustration, is a game changer. (
  • BERLIN - An international watchdog group says its annual survey shows the most violent nations in the Middle East are perceived to be the region's most corrupt and are getting worse. (
  • Jordan's Zaatari refugee camp , home to more than 83,000 people, many from Syria, and the largest camp in the Middle East , according to the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR), has also been grappling with the extreme weather. (
  • [ 11 , 12 ] The global rise in chronic NCDs has dramatically increased the likelihood that adults from low- and middle-income nations will arrive in the US with pre-existing chronic conditions. (
  • The Washington Institute seeks to advance a balanced and realistic understanding of American interests in the Middle East and to promote the policies that secure them. (
  • Such types of weapons do not continue into the Middle Bronze II. (
  • Events to mark the occasion will continue into the middle of November. (
  • He alluded to a speech by then-U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice during the war, who, in dismissing calls for a cease-fire amid high Lebanese civilian casualties, described the conflict as the "birth pangs of a new Middle East. (
  • Reaching students and faculty in middle and high school. (
  • SHANGHAI - According to a recent report from Barclays , a healthy luxury consumption rebound in the Middle East will be partly fueled over the coming months by China 's reopening. (
  • We expect Chinese tourists to provide a boost to Middle East luxury sales over the next six to 12 months, which should be visible from the second quarter onward," Barclays wrote in the report. (
  • Yet many people don't fully understand the intricacies of US military engagement in the Middle East. (
  • Spear points with long or short sockets replace the curled-tang spearpoint of Middle Bronze I. In Middle Bronze II swords are broad with added midribs to increase durability of the form. (
  • It is the evidence behind my personal observation that, for as long as I have studied the Middle East, all of the profoundly formative events have been "black swans," imagined or predicted by almost no one. (
  • As in 2006, the world is once again bearing witness to the birth pangs of a new Middle East, albeit of a very different nature to what Rice had envisioned-thanks in part to Suleimani's machinations. (
  • The asset management and servicing group is recruiting five executives to raise its Middle East headcount to 14 in anticipation of opportunities in the region's pensions industry. (
  • In the T2D group, 45.6% of patients underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 54.4% sleeve gastrectomy . (
  • In the non-TD2 group, 42.7% of patients received Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 57.3% sleeve gastrectomy . (