One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Techniques used in microbiology.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A plant species of the family Moringaceae, order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae. It is a source of niaziminin and hypotensive thiocarbamate glycosides.
A plant genus of the family Moringaceae, order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that is extremely pathogenic and causes severe dysentery. Infection with this organism often leads to ulceration of the intestinal epithelium.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
The act of BREATHING out.
Any tests done on exhaled air.
Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
A cyclin subtype that is transported into the CELL NUCLEUS at the end of the G2 PHASE. It stimulates the G2/M phase transition by activating CDC2 PROTEIN KINASE.
The directional growth of an organism in response to an external stimulus such as light, touch, or gravity. Growth towards the stimulus is a positive tropism; growth away from the stimulus is a negative tropism. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE generally growing in temperate areas. The word lily is also used in the common names of many plants of other genera that resemble true lilies. True lilies are erect perennial plants with leafy stems, scaly bulbs, usually narrow leaves, and solitary or clustered flowers.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
A growth from a pollen grain down into the flower style which allows two sperm to pass, one to the ovum within the ovule, and the other to the central cell of the ovule to produce endosperm of SEEDS.
The movement of cells or organisms toward or away from a substance in response to its concentration gradient.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Physiological processes and properties of microorganisms, including ARCHAEA; BACTERIA; RICKETTSIA; VIRUSES; FUNGI; and others.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.

Hyphal death during colony development in Streptomyces antibioticus: morphological evidence for the existence of a process of cell deletion in a multicellular prokaryote. (1/961)

During the life cycle of the streptomycetes, large numbers of hyphae die; the surviving ones undergo cellular differentiation and appear as chains of spores in the mature colony. Here we report that the hyphae of Streptomyces antibioticus die through an orderly process of internal cell dismantling that permits the doomed hyphae to be eliminated with minimum disruption of the colony architecture. Morphological and biochemical approaches revealed progressive disorganization of the nucleoid substructure, followed by degradation of DNA and cytoplasmic constituents with transient maintenance of plasma membrane integrity. Then the hyphae collapsed and appeared empty of cellular contents but retained an apparently intact cell wall. In addition, hyphal death occurred at specific regions and times during colony development. Analysis of DNA degradation carried out by gel electrophoresis and studies on the presence of dying hyphae within the mycelium carried out by electron microscopy revealed two rounds of hyphal death: in the substrate mycelium during emergence of the aerial hyphae, and in the aerial mycelium during formation of the spores. This suggests that hyphal death in S. antibioticus is somehow included in the developmental program of the organism.  (+info)

The post-exposure response of Enterobacteriaceae to ceftibuten. (2/961)

The responses of ten isolates of Enterobacteriaceae to ceftibuten exposure were monitored by measuring several parameters. Post-antibiotic effect (PAE), control-related effective regrowth time (CERT) and post-antibiotic sub-MIC effect (PA-SME) were determined by bacterial enumeration carried out either by impedance in combination with viable counting (IMP/VC) or by impedance in combination with bioluminescence (IMP/BIOL). Kill curves were carried out by bioluminescence, viable counting and direct microscopy and post-exposure morphology was established. Ceftibuten primarily provoked filamentation. Over 24 h, kill of up to 3.6 log10 was evident by viable counting and direct microscopy at and above the MIC. Minimal kill, of up to 0.26 log10, was shown by bioluminescence. PAE was found to be method dependent, with statistical differences established by Student's t-test. PAE values of up to 0.48 h and 1.47 h (by IMP/BIOL and IMP/VC respectively) were not concentration dependent above 1 x MIC. CERT values were not method dependent, with values of up to 1.71 h also showing a lack of concentration dependence above 1 x MIC. PA-SME may reflect the situation in vivo more accurately than either PAE or CERT. In PAE and CERT studies the antibiotic is eliminated almost immediately, whereas in vivo there is gradual decrease in antibiotic levels. These persisting levels are reflected more accurately by PA-SME. Compared with PAE and CERT, significantly longer values, of up to 7.27 h, were obtained by PA-SME, although this parameter was also found to be method dependent. The results of the PA-SME studies, which may be the most clinically relevant pharmacodynamic parameter, confirm the appropriateness of the current once- or twice-daily dosing schedules despite the lack of PAE.  (+info)

Effects of anticoagulant, processing delay, and assay method (branched DNA versus reverse transcriptase PCR) on measurement of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA levels in plasma. (3/961)

We conducted two studies to determine the potential influence of delays in blood processing, type of anticoagulant, and assay method on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA levels in plasma. The first was an experimental study in which heparin- and EDTA-anticoagulated blood samples were collected from 101 HIV-positive individuals and processed to plasma after delays of 2, 6, and 18 h. HIV-1 RNA levels in each sample were then measured by both branched-DNA (bDNA) and reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) assays. Compared to samples processed within 2 h, the loss (decay) of HIV-1 RNA in heparinized blood was significant (P < 0.05) but small after 6 h (bDNA assay, -0.12 log(10) copies/ml; RT-PCR, -0.05 log(10) copies/ml) and after 18 h (bDNA assay, -0.27 log(10) copies/ml; RT-PCR, -0.15 log(10) copies/ml). Decay in EDTA-anticoagulated blood was not significant after 6 h (bDNA assay, -0.002 log(10) copies/ml; RT-PCR, -0.02 log(10) copies/ml), but it was after 18 h (bDNA assay, -0.09 log(10) copies/ml; RT-PCR, -0.09 log(10) copies/ml). Only 4% of samples processed after 6 h lost more than 50% (>/=0.3 log(10) copies/ml) of the HIV-1 RNA, regardless of the anticoagulant or the assay that was used. The second study compared HIV-1 RNA levels in samples from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS; samples were collected in heparin-containing tubes in 1985, had a 6-h average processing delay, and were assayed by bDNA assay) and the British Columbia Drug Treatment Program (BCDTP) (collected in EDTA- or acid citrate dextrose-containing tubes in 1996 and 1997, had a 2-h maximum processing delay, and were assayed by RT-PCR). HIV-1 RNA levels in samples from the two cohorts were not significantly different after adjusting for CD4(+)-cell count and converting bDNA assay values to those corresponding to the RT-PCR results. In summary, the decay of HIV-1 RNA measured in heparinized blood after 6 h was small (-0.05 to -0.12 log(10) copies/ml), and the minor impact of this decay on HIV-1 RNA concentrations in archived plasma samples of the MACS was confirmed by the similarity of CD4(+)-cell counts and assay-adjusted HIV-1 RNA concentrations in the MACS and BCDTP.  (+info)

Performance of the Affymetrix GeneChip HIV PRT 440 platform for antiretroviral drug resistance genotyping of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 clades and viral isolates with length polymorphisms. (4/961)

The performance of a silica chip-based resequencing method, the Affymetrix HIV PRT 440 assay (hereafter referred to as the Affymetrix assay), was evaluated on a panel of well-characterized nonclade B viral isolates and on isolates exhibiting length polymorphisms. Sequencing of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pol cDNAs from clades A, C, D, E, and F resulted in clade-specific regions of base-calling ambiguities in regions not known to be associated with resistance polymorphisms, as well as a small number of spurious resistance polymorphisms. The Affymetrix assay failed to detect the presence of additional serine codons distal to reverse transcriptase (RT) codon 68 that are associated with multinucleoside RT inhibitor resistance. The increasing prevalence of non-clade B HIV-1 strains in the United States and Europe and the identification of clinically relevant pol gene length polymorphisms will impact the generalizability of the Affymetrix assay, emphasizing the need to accommodate this expanding pool of pol genotypes in future assay versions.  (+info)

Determination of hepatitis C virus genotype by direct sequence analysis of products generated with the Amplicor HCV test. (5/961)

Consistent with other members of the family Flaviviridae, hepatitis C virus (HCV) demonstrates a high degree of sequence variation throughout the coding regions of its genome. However, there is a high degree of sequence conservation found within the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the genome, making this region a target of choice for most nucleic acid amplification-based detection assays. In this study, the Amplicor HCV test, a commercially available assay which detects the 5'UTR, was used for the detection of HCV RNA in 669 serum samples obtained from a cohort of liver transplantation patients. Amplification products obtained from the HCV-positive cases were subjected to direct sequencing and genotyping based upon seven phylogenetically informative regions within the 5'UTR. Of the 669 specimens, 416 (62.2%) tested positive for the presence of HCV RNA. Of these, 372 (89.4%) specimens were successfully classified into 11 HCV genotypes and subtypes after computer-assisted analysis of the sequence data. Forty-four (10.6%) of the HCV RNA-positive specimens were not classifiable, the majority corresponding to low-titer specimens as determined by the Chiron Quantiplex HCV RNA 2. 0 assay. Additional comparative studies targeting the NS-5 region of the viral genome generally confirmed the accuracy and sensitivity of the 5'UTR-based classifications, with the exception of the misclassification of a small number of type 1a cases as type 1b. We conclude that although the high sequence conservation within the 5'UTR results in the misclassification of a small number of HCV subtypes, the overall gains of efficiency, the shorter turnaround time, the inclusion of contamination control measures, and the low rate of test failure compared to that of methods based on the NS-5 gene together constitute significant advantages over other techniques.  (+info)

Sensitive assays for isolation and detection of simian foamy retroviruses. (6/961)

Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are highly prevalent in a variety of nonhuman primate species ranging from prosimians to apes. SFVs possess a broad host range, and human infections can occur by cross-species transfer (W. Heneine et al., Nat. Med. 4:403-407, 1998). Retrovirus screening of potential sources of infection, such as laboratory research animals and simian-derived biological products, could minimize human exposure to SFVs by reducing the risk of potential retrovirus infection in humans. We describe a variety of sensitive assays for SFV isolation and detection which were developed with a prototype strain of SFV serotype 2. The Mus dunni cell line (M. R. Lander and S. K. Chattopadhyay, J. Virol. 52:695-698, 1984) was found to be highly sensitive for SFV production on the basis of various general and specific retrovirus detection assays such as reverse transcriptase assay, transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence assay, and Western blotting. A highly sensitive PCR assay was developed on the basis of the sequences in primary SFV isolates obtained from pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Analysis of naturally occurring SFV infection in macaques indicated that analysis by a combination of assays, including both highly sensitive, specific assays and less sensitive, broadly reactive assays, is important for evaluation of retrovirus infection.  (+info)

Culture-independent identification of microorganisms that respond to specified stimuli. (7/961)

A new approach that permits culture-independent identification of microorganisms that respond to specified stimuli was developed. This approach was illustrated by examination of microorganisms that grew in response to various nutrient supplements added to soil. A thymidine nucleotide analog, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), and supplements were added to soil and incubated for 3 days. DNA was extracted from the soil, and the newly synthesized DNA was isolated by immunocapture of the BrdU-labeled DNA. The unique perspective this approach offers was demonstrated by comparing the microbial community structures obtained from total soil DNA and the BrdU-labeled fraction in an rRNA gene (rDNA) analysis. The traditional total DNA analysis revealed no notable differences between the treatments, whereas the BrdU-labeled DNA showed significantly different banding patterns between the nutrient supplement treatments and compared with total DNA banding patterns. PCR primers were developed to specifically amplify the intergenic region of an rDNA sequence unique to the BrdU analysis of a phosphate supplement treatment. Amplification of DNA from all treatments using these primers showed that it was unique to the phosphate treatment and that it was present in both the total DNA and BrdU-labeled DNA fractions. This result demonstrates the promise of this new strategy, because it was able to permit identification of a sequence from a phosphate-responsive organism that was not discernable in the traditional total DNA community structure analysis.  (+info)

Development and testing of a microbiological assay to detect residual effects of disinfectant on hard surfaces. (8/961)

We describe a glucuronidase bioassay for detecting residual bactericidal activity from the use of disinfectants on hard surfaces; in this assay we used formaldehyde, ethanol, isopropanol, chlorine, and a commercial preparation containing 2-bromo-2-nitro-1, 3-propanediol. Chlorine and the commercial preparation showed bactericidal activity (53.5% and 98.2%, respectively) for a week after disinfection.  (+info)

Microbial detection is the process of identifying the harmful bacteria and fungi. Traditional microbial detection system are slow and can take more than on
Two Cellmatics (Difco) Herpes simplex virus (HSV) detection systems, one with mink lung cells (ML) and the other with primary rabbit kidney cells (PRK) and the Cultureset (Ortho) system with Vero cells were compared for their ability to detect previously positive specimens. One hundred fifty patients specimens positive for HSV in either Vero or PRK cells prior to freezing at -70 degrees C were thawed once, diluted to 1:8, and inoculated in duplicate into each cell system. Positive cultures were detected using each kits immunoperoxidase method. All three cell lines were stained at 24 hr followed by a final staining of negative cultures at 48 hr for Cultureset and at 72 hr for Cellmatics as per kit instructions. At 24 hr percent detection was: Cellmatics (ML) = 85%, Cellmatics (PRK) = 81%, Cultureset (Vero) = 74%. At final staining percent detection was 94%, 92%, and 84%, respectively. The Cellmatics system has the advantage of fewer steps in the staining procedure and no manipulation of coverslips
Bailey & Scotts Diagnostic Microbiology, Tenth Edition, is a classic resource in the field. This edition has been extensively updated to be better than ever. The tenth edition has been reorganized and rewritten to help you find information more quickly. Now in seven logically sequenced parts, the book clearly and concisely addresses general issues in clinical microbiology, the scientific and laboratory basis for clinical microbiology, diagnosis by organ system, bacteriology, parasitology, mycology, and virology.
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PCR results obtained in 453 blood samples from 108 patients were compared with corresponding blood culture results. PCR resulted in a twofold higher positivity rate when compared with conventional blood culture (BC) testing (114 versus 58 positive samples). In 40 out of 58 PCR positive assays the results of the corresponding blood cultures were identical to microorganisms detected by PCR. In 18 samples PCR and BC yielded discrepant results. Compared with conventional blood culture the sensitivity and specificity of PCR was 0.69 and 0.81, respectively. Further evaluation of PCR results against a constructed gold standard including conventional microbiological test results from other significant patient specimen (such as bronchio-alveolar lavage fluid, urine, swabs) and additionally generated clinical and laboratory information yielded sensitivity of 0.83 and specificity of 0.93.. ...
Azecolab performs swab sampling to carry out microbiological tests. Azecolab has experience of swab sampling to help its customers to make decisions about the following issues:. 1. Swab sampling as air quality issue - In this case swab sampling is performed from the conditioners, ventilation systems. The following parameters are tested:. Bacteriological Parameters (air, swab sample). Legionella. Yeast and Mould. 2. Swab sampling from shower heads, taps to perform Legionella test;. 3. Swab sampling to determine hygienic and sanitary conditions in the kitchens - potential contamination sources swab sampling can be done from the surface of kitchen tables, kitchen accessories, kitchen staff hands, kitchen staff uniform, etc. Usually this type of sampling is perform as a part of food quality program. The following microbiological tests are performed according on collected swab samples:. Bacteriological Parameters (swab sample). Total Coliforms. Escherichia coli. Staphylococcus aureus. Total Bacteria ...
Suitable dyes are used herein to indicate the presence of microbial contamination by spraying them onto surfaces in the form of an aqueous solution. The dye solution may also be allowed to dry, thus producing the dried residue of an aqueous solution. Its believed that these dyes change color in response to a change in polarity of the environment. Since water is a polar solvent and most bacteria are made from non-polar substances, the presence of bacteria changes the polarity of the environment, triggering a change visible by the unaided eye.
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A study was conducted to assess the reliability of a quick test to identify subject who have been infected with an influenza virus. A total of 432 subjects are enrolled. A rapid flu test is administered. In addition, a blood.
1st Edition Published on January 31, 2018 by CRC Press This reference text is a must have for any current or future clinicians or students of microbiology. It i
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By Edward Hadas The opinions expressed are his own.. A child is born. For almost every parent, everywhere and always, the entry of a new person into the world is a welcome wonder. But economists generally have a different outlook on births. They prefer hard numbers to hope. And this week they have a big demographic number to discuss: the worlds population has just reached 7 billion.. When economists talk about demographics, Thomas Malthus usually comes up. The early 19th century British thinker decided (without providing any reasons) that people would always have more children than the physical world could possibly support. Population growth would always be restrained by death from want. At the time he wrote, the worlds population was about 1 billion. By the 1960s, the population had increased to about 3 billion people, and Malthuss gloom was often cited. Some ecologists then claimed that the combination of industrial production and overpopulation would inevitably lead to environmental ...
There are several new rising technologies that provide rapid microbial detection; such as the exceptional one developed by BioLumix. However, to be broadly used and accepted these new technologies need to comply with USP standards and fulfill the validation process. In order to get the validation assurances a series of pre-established analyses need to be done and compared the data generated by the new technology with the USP data to show equivalence. How valid the classical analyses are, it is a matter of historical use and common acceptance.. There are three required qualification components in a validation package; these are: installation, operation, and performance qualifications. The assurances for installation and operation qualifications deal with how reliable the setting and handling are; and that the proper conditions are given for the device or technique to work properly. To ascertain the reliability of performance qualification intuitively important are the internal positive and ...
The project reviews the methods used for microbial analyses, determine the microbiological methods currently used by the reclaimed water industry, develop a systematic process for selecting appropriate methods, and develop a framework for round-robin testing of microbiological methods by the industry.
Malthus and His Starving-time. // America;9/5/1925, Vol. 33 Issue 21, p497 The author discredits the theory by Thomas Malthus who according to the author has violated natural and Divine Law in many accounts. The author claims that on population matters Malthus was wrong when he predicted that by 1898 England and Wales would have a population of 112 million because in... ...
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separsons writes Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory recently unveiled a three-inch-long bio-detector than can scan for 3,000 different types of viruses and bacteria in just 24 hours. The device, dubbed the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array (LLMDA), boasts significa...
I am a fourth year MSci student in Biotechnology (Applied Molecular Biology) with Industrial Placement at the University of Aberdeen. Before undertaking my placement year, I had gained some lab experience by working in the Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory in Legnica in Poland during the summer holidays. I have also taken part in the International Genetically Engineered Machine competition (iGEM) which involved a 12 week summer project aiming to design and build biological system to operate in living cells.. ...
Microbiological Methods. Making Media Pouring Culture Plates Sterile Technique Inoculating Plates and Culture Tubes Use of a Plate Counter to Estimate Microbial Population Densities. Culturing Microorganisms. There are two basic culture techniques used in microbiology: Slideshow 1751372 by
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The way in which, these effects are produced seems to be this. We will suppose the means of subsistence in any country just equal to the easy support of its inhabitants. The constant effort towards population... increases the number of people before the means of subsistence are increased. The food therefore which before supported seven millions must now be divided among seven millions and a half or eight millions. The poor consequently must live much worse, and many of them be reduced to severe distress. The number of labourers also being above the proportion of the work in the market, the price of labour must tend toward a decrease, while the price of provisions would at the same time tend to rise. The labourer therefore must work harder to earn the same as he did before. During this season of distress, the discouragements to marriage, and the difficulty of rearing a family are so great that population is at a stand. In the mean time the cheapness of labour, the plenty of labourers, and the ...
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Just throwing out some random ideas, on subjects I know little or nothing about, that are only vaguely related, hoping someone better than me might pick some up and run with them properly. Read at your own risk. You will...
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Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) has revolutionized the identification of microorganisms in the clinical microbiology laboratory, and numerous studies have documented the superior analytical performance characteristics of MALDI-TOF MS compared to those of manual and automated biochemical methods for microorganism identification (1-4). Compared to biochemical-based identification, MALDI-TOF MS-based identification significantly reduces the cost and time to microbial identification while simultaneously enhancing favorable patient outcomes and reducing the cost and length of hospitalization (5-8).. Despite the implementation of MALDI-TOF MS in clinical microbiology laboratories, studies specifically designed to assess the reproducibility of MALDI-TOF MS platforms for microorganism identification are limited. As part of a multicenter study, using the manufacturers default unmodified settings, we assessed the ability of a MALDI-TOF MS ...
The TEMPOtest-QC project proposal addressed the need to design integrated tools for closing the gap between microbiological point-of-care technologies and actual clinical need, by designing, developing and implementing a microbiological point-of-care tool-kit comprising: i) a survey providing information on Europe-wide demand for point-of-care microbiological tests, ii) an archive of freely available quality control/quality assurance microbiological test samples for rapid evaluation of point-of-care microbiological tests, iii) a freely available Comparison Tool comprising specimen archive/software tool and iv) the optimization and development of electronic nose and antimicrobial resistance gene microarrays ...
IN THE KITCHEN. Many cases of foodborne illness are caused by the consumption of ready-to-eat foods contaminated by poor handling techniques and the cross contamination between raw and finished food products. Seventy-five million cases of foodborne illness occur each year in the United States; of these cases, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths resulted according to a 1999 study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These statistics are particularly frightening, considering that food service in hospitals impacts a large group of immunosuppressed individuals who are open to opportunistic pathogens. A team of researchers at the North Carolina State University and Research Triangle Institute decided to estimate the degree of risk to human health posed by cross contamination during food preparation and conducted an exposure assessment to address the likelihood and routes of transmitting Salmonella and Campylobacter jejuni during food handling. Various food-handling scenarios ...
Publishers Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Now in striking full color, this 7th Edition of Konemans go
TY - JOUR. T1 - An assessment of, and response to, potential cross contamination routes due to defective appliance water trap seals in building drainage systems. AU - Gormley, Michael. AU - Swaffield, J.A.. AU - Sleigh, P.A.. AU - Noakes, C.J.. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), centred on Southeast Asia in 2002 and 2003, sparked fears of an uncontrollable pandemic. The outbreak at one housing complex in Hong Kong resulted in a disproportionately large number of cases with 321people contracting the virus, resulting in 42 fatalities. This outbreak led to an investigation by World Health Organisation, which firmly laid the blame for the spread of the virus in the housing complex on defects in the building drainage and vent system. The mode of viral transmission was identified as due to airborne aerosolised particles from virus-laden excreta emanating from the drainage system. The aerosolised particles were allowed to enter the habitable space ...
Allergens cross contamination risk in plastic packaging - posted in AIB Consolidated Standards: Our company only manufactures food contact packaging (plastic) and we are trying to become AIB certified. Being that all we deal with is plastic do we have to worry about allergens and the documentation that goes with it.
Cross contamination often contributes to healthcare associated infections when healthcare workers do not follow proper hand hygiene and protection protocol.
Learn to develop the problem-solving skills necessary for success in the clinical setting! The Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 6th Edition uses a reader-friendly building-block approach to the essentials of diagnostic microbiology. This updated edition has new content on viruses like Zika, an expanded molecular chapter, and the latest information on prevention, treatment modalities, and CDC guidelines. Updated photos offer clear examples of automated lab instruments, while case studies, review questions, and learning objectives present information in an easy-to-understand, accessible manner for students at every level. A building-block approach encourages you to use previously learned information to sharpen critical-thinking and problem-solving skills. Full-color design, with many full-color photomicrographs, prepares you for the reality of diagnostic microbiology. A case study at the beginning of each chapter provides you with the opportunity to form your own questions and answers ...
1. Anderson, N.L., et al. Cumitech 3B; Quality Systems in the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Coordinating ed., A.S. Weissfeld. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.. 2. Jorgensen., et al. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.. 3. Tille, P., et al. Bailey and Scotts Diagnostic Microbiology, C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, MO.. 4. Cohn, M.L., et al. 1968. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis.; 98:295.. 5. Dubos, R.J. and G. Middlebrook. 1947. Am. Rev. Tuberc.; 56:334-345.. 6. Isenberg, H.D. Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, Vol. I, II & III. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.. 7. Koneman, E.W., et al. Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, PA.. 8. MacFaddin, J.F. 1985. Media for Isolation, Cultivation, Identification, Maintenance of Bacteria, Vol. I. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.. 9. Middlebrook, G. and M.L. Cohn. 1958. Am. J. Public Health; 48:844-853.. 10. Quality ...
Cross contamination is a major problem in a multi product manufacturing facility. This problem can multiply into major problem in a bulk drug manufacturing facility as cross contamination in one batch may end up in several batches. Hence cleaning validation is of utmost importance in these facilities. The present study was under taken to assess the effectiveness of cleaning procedure being used in one of the WHO approved Pharmaceutical plant in Gujarat having common facilities for manufacture of dosage forms of Beta Lactam group of antibiotics where there is a risk of potential hazards of cross contamination. Cleaning validation studies were carried according to the cleaning validation protocol. The study showed good swabs recovery (91.84 %). The actives residue values on different sampling point were found within acceptance limit of 10mcg/sqcm recommended by USFDA guidelines and Lilly criteria. It may be concluded that the cleaning procedure being used in Beta Lactam manufacturing plant was found
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Dublin, Oct. 23, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Clinical Microbiology Market by Application (Food, Pharma, Manufacturing, Chemical, Environment), Disease (Respiratory, STD, UTI), Product (Instrument, Analyzer, Reagent), End User (Hospital, Diagnostic Lab, Academia) - Global Forecast to 2025 report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.coms offering. The global clinical microbiology market size is projected to reach USD 5.3 billion by 2025 from USD 3.9 billion in 2020, at a CAGR of 6.5%. Factors such as the technological advancements in the market are propelling the growth of the clinical microbiology market. Additionally, rising inclination epidemics like COVID-19 and investments from private and public sectors affect the growth of the clinical microbiology market. However, unfavorable reimbursement scenarios in some countries are hampering the growth of this market.The recent COVID-19 global pandemic has also impacted the clinical microbiology market. Demand from the main end-users has declined
Levertijd: 10 tot 12 dagen. Auteur: Mahon, Connie R.; Lehman, Donald C., Prijs: € 131,90, ISBN/ISBN13: 9780323613170, Categorie: Boek, Learn to develop the problem-s...
Preventing cross-contamination is one step to help eliminate food- borne illness. Cross-contamination of food is a common factor in the cause of foodborne illness. Foods can become contaminated by microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) from many different sources during the food preparation and storage process ...
Purchase your copy of BS 5763-13:1989 as a PDF download or hard copy directly from the official BSI Shop. All BSI British Standards available online in electronic and print formats.
Purchase your copy of BS 5763-10:1993, ISO 7402:1993 as a PDF download or hard copy directly from the official BSI Shop. All BSI British Standards available online in electronic and print formats.
A voluntary recall of multiple repackaged products is under way because of a potential cross-contamination of nonpenicillin drug products with penicillin products, according to a safety alert from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). ...
Vitrex Lancets VitrexMedical offers a broad range of high quality CE marked Safety lancets, Diabetic lancets and Steel Lancets. VITREXSteriheel Baby VITREXSteriheel Baby lancets are designed for high volume blood flow with minimum depth of penetration on primarily newborns and preemies. Can also be recommended for other applications where short penetration depth and/or minimal compression of tissue is important. VitrexSterilance Lite II Prevents cross contamination. USER SAFETY: needle is fully shielded before and after use. USER CONVENIENCE: pre-loaded, button operated design. PATIENT SAFETY: single-use only, sterilised by gamma irradiation, cannot be reused. PATIENT COMFORT: high quality, ultra sharp tri-bevel needle, high speed penetration. EFFICACY: variety of point configurations and penetration depths to suit most capillary blood requirements. APPLICATION: Blood glucose and other in vitro diagnostic tests VitrexSterilance Flex Prevents cross contamination. USER SAFETY:is assured because
Vitrex Lancets VitrexMedical offers a broad range of high quality CE marked Safety lancets, Diabetic lancets and Steel Lancets. VITREXSteriheel Baby VITREXSteriheel Baby lancets are designed for high volume blood flow with minimum depth of penetration on primarily newborns and preemies. Can also be recommended for other applications where short penetration depth and/or minimal compression of tissue is important. VitrexSterilance Lite II Prevents cross contamination. USER SAFETY: needle is fully shielded before and after use. USER CONVENIENCE: pre-loaded, button operated design. PATIENT SAFETY: single-use only, sterilised by gamma irradiation, cannot be reused. PATIENT COMFORT: high quality, ultra sharp tri-bevel needle, high speed penetration. EFFICACY: variety of point configurations and penetration depths to suit most capillary blood requirements. APPLICATION: Blood glucose and other in vitro diagnostic tests VitrexSterilance Flex Prevents cross contamination. USER SAFETY:is assured because
Features of a number of important but poorly explained human clinical syndromes strongly indicate a microbial etiology. In these syndromes, the failure of cultivation-dependent microbial detection methods reveals our ignorance of microbial growth requirements. Sequence-based molecular methods, however, offer alternative approaches for microbial identification directly from host specimens found in the setting of unexplained acute illnesses, chronic inflammatory disease, and from anatomic sites that contain commensal microflora. The rapid expansion of genome sequence databases and advances in biotechnology present opportunities and challenges: identification of consensus sequences from which reliable, specific phylogenetic information can be inferred for all taxonomic groups of pathogens, broad-range pathogen identification on the basis of virulence-associated gene families, and use of host gene expression response profiles as specific signatures of microbial infection.
This web page describes a range of microbiological tests and testing methods available from the TDSHS Laboratory Services Section.
Oxivir Excel is a unique and fast-acting cleaner-disinfectant that offers powerful broad-spectrum performance against a wide range of infections and micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeasts in a single product. Designed to replace the existing Oxivir Plus formulation, the new product has evolved to provide even more potent performance across a wide range of applications. It is available in ready-to-use 750ml trigger bottles and wipes, and in a 5L concentrate.. The unique formulation of Oxivir Excel contains patented Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide (AHP) from Virox Technologies and is fully compliant with the European Biocidal Product Directive (BPD). It has passed numerous standard microbiological tests including EN14476, EN1276, EN13697 and EN13727, effective in as little as 30 seconds. It also passes EN1650, EN13697, EN13624 and EN14348. AHP kills viruses including Norovirus in two minutes.. By meeting these bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, and yeasticidal standards ...
Medical devices, solid dose forms, ointments, and creams may be directly immersed in growth media to test for bacteriostatic and fungistatic activity. Microbial detection is performed in a similar manner to direct inoculation after 14-day incubation. We offer custom protocols to accommodate parts of devices and solids, and will work with you to determine the best method with which to test your articles ...
Medical devices, solid dose forms, ointments, and creams may be directly immersed in growth media to test for bacteriostatic and fungistatic activity. Microbial detection is performed in a similar manner to direct inoculation after 14-day incubation. We offer custom protocols to accommodate parts of devices and solids, and will work with you to determine the best method with which to test your articles ...
More than a solutions provider, we are a collaborative partner. Thats why you can count on us to develop new systems and services to revolutionize your quality control (QC) methods and capabilities.. Protecting the integrity of your products requires a reliable partner at all critical junctures in the QC process. Weve purposely built our portfolio to bring you progressive products and services that deliver accurate, relevant and reliable data to fuel confident decisions on product quality and contamination control. We lead the market with products and services that meet the diverse needs of the pharmaceutical, home, beauty, dairy, beverage and food industries. Our unique combination of Endosafe® endotoxin testing, Celsis® rapid microbial detection and Accugenix® microbial identification and strain typing keeps your manufacturing operations running efficiently and smoothly, lowers your cost to manufacture and protects your reputation.. ...
Results. In 91.1% of patients who were determined antigenuria the presence of respiratory symptoms justified the request. Only 8.4% of 616 antigenurias performed were positive. S. pneumoniae was isolated from the respiratory sample culture in 8 of these 52 patients. In 29.8% of patients the diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infection was based on clinical, radiological and/or analytical, as antigenurias were negative and did not involve any other additional microbiological test ...
At GeneGlobe, you can discover and order gene- and pathway-specific solutions for qPCR, mRNA, lncRNA, miRNA gene expression analysis, next-generation sequencing, microbial detection, RNAi, genotyping, epigenetics and functional analysis. Browse the product range according to your gene, pathway, technology or biological field of interest ...
ERC-2014-StG-639123 - SCENT: Hybrid Gels for Rapid Microbial Detection. ERA-IB-2/0001/2013 - Integrated platform for de novo design and development of a chimeric enzyme for high-value chemicals.. PTDC/EBB-BIO/118317/2010 - Viral Capture and Purification System: Smart macroporous structures for the affinity purification of retroviral particles ...
A team of researchers from the University of Houston and St. Lukes Episcopal Hospital are working to develop improved screening methods to detect a potentially lethal, drug-resistant superbug that has made its way to Texas. Commonly called CRKP, the bacteria were found in three patients at St. Lukes, and the team published a report about it in the journal Diagnostic Microbiology & Infectious Disease. The researchers believe these are the first confirmed cases in Texas.
Proper and careful handling of samples is important in scientific studies to ensure the integrity of specimens. This will prevent deterioration and cross contamination, and improve the accuracy of sample tracking procedures.
This all-in-one device simplifies the isolation of cells from all tissue sources using a semi-automatic methodology, which eliminates the need for additional personnel and allows for simple, consistent reproducible results. The CENTRIcyteTM has been proven to provide consistent higher yields compared to that of competitors from the same sample volume. The CENTRIcyteTM, when coupled with the expertise of Healeon Medical, enables the clinician to maximize cell counts and viability from the smallest of harvested tissue samples. The simplified user interface allows for easy navigation through associated steps. Each program has been preset to meet the specific protocol standards. Simply choose the specimen protocol needed and a simple push of the button processes all autologous needs. Proprietary specimen kits allow ease of transfer through a complete closed system, which minimizes cross contamination as well as reduction of cell viability due to environmental influences ...
The Division of Clinical Microbiology in the Department of Pathology at ISMMS is comprised of a team of clinical microbiologists, pathologists, and medical technologists.
Keep your ice scoop safe from harmful bacteria, dirt and cross contamination, and say goodbye to dangerous slips caused by messy melted ice with the S
Sher-Mitts can be used over a gloved or naked hand as a barrier to prevent cross contamination when handling uncooked meat, poultry and fish. With the
With a pipette tip, punch a hole through the foil cover into the corresponding well to the Biobrick™-standard part that you want. Make sure you have properly oriented the plate. We recommend that you do not remove the foil cover, as it could lead to cross contamination between the wells ...
Ok, so I cant say Im very experienced in this area, since I have not been hospitalized many times. The first time I was in, and probably the most sick, was 4 or 5 days. The second time was 9 days. This time, Im on my 10th day and it very well could last until next week.|br||br|It used to be that they wanted to kick you out at the very first opportunity to reduce the risk of cross contamination and whatnot. Whats changed? Im going to strongly suggest to my doc today that I be released to
Ok, so I cant say Im very experienced in this area, since I have not been hospitalized many times. The first time I was in, and probably the most sick, was 4 or 5 days. The second time was 9 days. This time, Im on my 10th day and it very well could last until next week.|br||br|It used to be that they wanted to kick you out at the very first opportunity to reduce the risk of cross contamination and whatnot. Whats changed? Im going to strongly suggest to my doc today that I be released to
Ronald Westphal (1988): Microbiological Techniques in School, page 34. Document No. 28 in the series Science and Technology ...
ISBN 9783642726101 Ronald Westphal (1988): Microbiological Techniques in School, page 34. Document No. 28 in the series Science ... "Mechanical damage to Gram-negative bacteria by surface plating with the Drigalski-spatula technique". International Journal of ... Chemical and Microbiological Water Examination and Quality Assurance, page 633. ...
"Preclinical evaluation of novel antibacterial agents by microbiological and molecular techniques". Expert Opinion on ...
"Preclinical evaluation of novel antibacterial agents by microbiological and molecular techniques". Expert Opinion on ... and physician Alexander Fleming developed the broth dilution technique using the turbidity of the broth for assessment. This is ...
This includes medical and laboratory techniques, such as with microbiological cultures. It includes techniques like flame ... Many new manufacturing techniques are perfected, enabling the city's factories to mass-produce their pens cheaply and ... The largest example of aseptic techniques is in hospital operating theatres. J. R. R. Tolkien later bases Lord of the Rings ... Gerzon later plays a large role in the invention of Ambisonics, which is a series of recording and replay techniques using ...
He improved his microbiological technique in René Legroux's laboratory in Institut Pasteur. He attended his medical thesis ...
She led a project with GlaxoSmithKline, looking at microbiological techniques for pharmaceutical processes. She contributed to ... They demonstrated that the projection to latent structures is a robust multivariate linear regression technique. She compared ...
Handbuch der mikrobiologischen Technik, (with Paul Uhlenhuth), 1923-24 - Handbook of microbiological techniques. 10 jahre ...
... new microbiological techniques enabled him to prove his point. He believed that a virus could commonly lie dormant in the human ...
This is not intended for testing the performance of microbiological counting techniques of determining viable units. ... ISO 14698-2 gives guidance on basic principles and methodological requirements for all microbiological data evaluation, and the ...
Aseptic techniques are used to maintain microbiological cultures and to prevent contamination of the growth medium. There are ... Picking a technique is a matter of individual preference and can also depend on how large the number of microbes the sample ... The technique is done by diluting a comparatively large concentration of bacteria to a smaller concentration. The decrease of ... Journal of Microbiological Methods. 129(1): 44-54. Brugger S, Baumberger C, Jost M,Jenni W, Brugger U, Mühlemann K. 2012. ...
... serum concentrations can be monitored either by traditional microbiological assay or by more modern chromatographic techniques ... There are several types of techniques used to recover benzyl penicillin: aqueous two-phase extraction, liquid membrane ...
However, the microbiological techniques used until the 1960s did not allow for the actual reduction of bacteria to be ... Direct microbiological techniques are the ultimate measurement of pathogen contamination, but these are costly and time- ... As a result of the unsuitability of microbiological techniques, milk pasteurization efficacy is typically monitored by checking ... ISBN 978-0-85404-630-0. […] sake is pasteurized and it is interesting to note that a pasteurization technique was first ...
The development of new techniques and equipment has boosted microbiological research and caused paradigm shifts in ... The high potential and power of combining multiple "omics" techniques to analyze host-microbe interactions are highlighted in ... Discovery of DNA, the development of sequencing technologies, PCR, and cloning techniques enabled the investigation of ... Microbiological Research, 208: 25-31. doi:10.1016/j.micres.2018.01.005. Merriam-Webster Dictionary - microbiome. Human ...
Primary containment requires using proper storage containers, good microbiological technique, and the use of appropriate safety ... pdf Other sources Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (1999), 4th Edition, U.S. Department of Health and ... Richmond JY, McKinney RW (editors) (1999). Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (4th ed.). ISBN 0-7881-8513 ... WHO, 2006 Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 5th edition, 2007 (CDC) Clevestig, Peter (28 June 2009). ...
If one expects or looks for a particularly fastidious organism, the microbiological culture and isolation techniques will have ... Proper isolation techniques of virology did not exist prior to the 20th century. The methods of microbial isolation have ... The laboratory techniques of isolating microbes first developed during the 19th century in the field of bacteriology and ... Historically, the laboratory techniques of isolation first developed in the field of bacteriology and parasitology (during the ...
... their existence is only identified by microbiological culture or DNA techniques such as polymerase chain reaction.[citation ...
"The deep litter cultivation is a modern ecological breeding technique based on decomposing feces by microbiological methods, a ...
However, the microbiological techniques used until the 1960s did not allow for the actual reduction of bacteria to be ... Direct microbiological techniques are the ultimate measurement of pathogen contamination, but these are costly and time- ... As a result of the unsuitability of microbiological techniques, milk pasteurization efficacy is typically monitored by checking ... sake is pasteurized and it is interesting to note that a pasteurization technique was first mentioned in 1568 in the _Tamonin- ...
Acid-fast organisms are difficult to characterize using standard microbiological techniques, though they can be stained using ... and the rest of the Kinyoun technique can be used. Various bacterial spore staining techniques using Kenyon e.g. Moeller's ... The most common staining technique used to identify acid-fast bacteria is the Ziehl-Neelsen stain, in which the acid-fast ... Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques, John D Bancroft, 6th ed, p314 Dorner, W. 1926. Un procédé simple pour la ...
... cover both the sampling of water lines and the subsequent microbiological analysis of the sample by the culture technique. The ... The technique of choice to detect these single particles has been to shine a light beam (a laser) through a small volume of UPW ... This technique involves using a nebulizer to create droplets of UPW suspended in a stream of air. These droplets are dried at a ... TOC can be measured in the grab sample at a concentration as low as 5 ppb, using the same technique employed for the on-line ...
673-5. 2009, Microbiological Laboratory Techniques Manual, Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of ...
... is a microbiological technique used to measure the microbial number density (mainly bacteria but also ... The technique has been also used in environmental monitoring to detect the coliform concentration in water samples as well as ... In impedance microbiology technique works this way, the sample with the initial unknown bacterial concentration (C0) is placed ... However, it was only in the late 1970s that, thanks to computer-controlled systems used to monitor impedance, the technique ...
Impedance microbiology is a rapid microbiological technique used to measure the microbial concentration (mainly bacteria but ... A range of image classification techniques can be employed for this purpose. At present, stereologic cell counting with manual ...
... is a microbiological technique in which one or more secondary Petri plates containing different solid (agar- ... The technique involves pressing a velveteen-covered disk, and then imprinting secondary plates with cells in colonies removed ...
Klein's training in Europe however allowed him to access the microbiological techniques developed by Louis Pasteur and Robert ...
... of the bacterial consortium associated with black band disease in coral using molecular microbiological techniques". ... The bacterial population has been characterized using molecular techniques and was found to contain over 500 species of ...
... and established the first regular course on microbiological technique, which would become extremely influential in the training ... Roux began his research on the microbiological causation of diseases, and in this capacity worked with Pasteur on avian cholera ...
Sampling techniques for microbiological analysis of food and feed samples ISO 17740 Building construction machinery and ... Colony-count technique at 44 degrees C using membranes and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl beta-D-glucuronide ISO 16649-2:2001 Part ... Security techniques - Testing methods for the mitigation of non-invasive attack classes against cryptographic modules ISO/IEC ... Microbiological limits ISO/TR 17522:2015 Health informatics - Provisions for health applications on mobile/smart devices ISO ...
The Leeds acne grading technique counts acne lesions on the face, back, and chest and categorizes them as inflammatory or non- ... "Microbiological Profile of Sarecycline, a Novel Targeted Spectrum Tetracycline for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris" ... The latter is thought to be primarily attributable to improper technique by the practitioner, including the use of excessive ...
75% of today's sake is made using this technique, left over from the war years. There were even a few breweries producing "sake ... Sake has high microbiological stability due to its high content of ethanol. However, incidences of spoilage have been known to ... the technique of distillation was introduced into the Kyushu district from Ryukyu.[5] The brewing of shōchū, called "Imo-sake" ...
FISH is a very general technique. The differences between the various FISH techniques are usually due to variations in the ... This technique is used routinely in telomere length research. Flow-FISH[edit]. Flow-FISH uses flow cytometry to perform FISH ... This technique is sometimes called "break-apart FISH". Single-molecule RNA FISH[edit]. Single-molecule RNA FISH, also known as ... This technique is sometimes called M-FISH. The same physics that make a variety of colors possible for M-FISH can be used for ...
... then entitled Cours de Microbie Technique (Course of microbe research techniques). ... to conduct a microbiological research of the disease. The plague he had to deal with was the bubonic plague, which is ...
He J, Zhou T (June 2010). "Patented techniques for detoxification of mycotoxins in feeds and food matrices". Recent Pat Food ... Simicic S, Matos T, "Microbiological diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis." Zdravnisji vestnik-slovanian medical journal. 2010, ... In the 1970s, building construction techniques changed in response to changing economic realities including the energy crisis. ... but the concentrations are so low that frequently they cannot be detected even with sensitive analytical sampling techniques. ...
This technique is used for identifying viruses.. Microscopy[edit]. Culture techniques will often use a microscopic examination ... Microbiological culture is the primary method used for isolating infectious disease for study in the laboratory. Tissue or ... This would prove invaluable for diagnostic techniques.[7] Commonly treated infectious diseases[edit]. Bacterial[edit]. * ... Other less common techniques (such as X-rays, CAT scans, PET scans or NMR) are used to produce images of internal abnormalities ...
"Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) Fifth Edition" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 ... The technique involves exposing specific cell lines to samples from whole blood and identifying Chikungunya virus-specific ...
It was difficult for biology, beyond a basic microbiological level, to use this approach.[8] Standard philosophy of science ... This is especially the case where the availability of high throughput screening techniques for the different "-omics" fields ...
"Recovering bioactive compounds from olive oil filter cake by advanced extraction techniques". Int J Mol Sci. 15 (9): 16270-83 ... "Microbiological Food Safety of Olive Oil: A Review of the Literature" (PDF), University of California, Davis ...
Bioremediation techniques are also used on contaminated surface water and ground water often associated with acid mine drainage ... Leahy, J. G.; Colwell, R. R. (1990). "Microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the environment". Microbiological Reviews. 54 (3 ... low cost bioremediation technique to help mitigate toxicity in the environment.[13] ...
These techniques have allowed for the introduction of new crop traits as well as a far greater control over a food's genetic ... In 1917, Chaim Weizmann first used a pure microbiological culture in an industrial process, that of manufacturing corn starch ... For example, this technique was used with corn to produce the largest and sweetest crops.[10] ... Compared with conventional breeding techniques, genetic engineering is far more precise and, in most cases, less likely to ...
The rate of microbiological activity slows during the last phase of waste decomposition as the supply of nutrients limits the ... Typically, operators of well-run landfills for non-hazardous waste meet predefined specifications by applying techniques to:[ ...
"Microbiological Reviews. 47 (4): 455-509 at pp.501-503. doi:10.1128/mmbr.47.4.455-509.1983. Retrieved 8 December 2019.. ... The technique did have a 0.5-2.0% mortality rate, but that was considerably less than the 20-30% mortality rate of the disease ... Voltaire does not speculate on where the Circassians derived their technique from, though he reports that the Chinese have ... technique that were published in 1809, stated, "Had every practitioner been as uniformly successful in the disease as he was, ...
Other techniques (such as X-rays, CAT scans, PET scans or NMR) are used to produce images of internal abnormalities resulting ... Microbiological culture is a principal tool used to diagnose infectious disease. In a microbial culture, a growth medium is ... Aseptic technique was introduced in medicine and surgery in the late 19th century and greatly reduced the incidence of ... This technique is especially useful in the diagnosis of viral diseases, where the light microscope is incapable of identifying ...
Even if this drinking water was of acceptable microbiological quality initially, it can become contaminated from dirty hands ... Their website states that improved HWTS techniques can dramatically improve drinking water quality and reduce diarrhoeal ...
As applied to corporate finance, risk management is the technique for measuring, monitoring and controlling the financial or ... Risk management is also applied to the assessment of microbiological contamination in relation to pharmaceutical products and ... Once risks have been identified and assessed, all techniques to manage the risk fall into one or more of these four major ... Typical risk analysis and evaluation techniques adopted by the medical device industry include hazard analysis, fault tree ...
X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques. 4 (1): 1-11. doi:10.1134/S1027451010010015. ISSN 1027-4510. Archived from the ... sterilizing microbiological contaminants from irradiated surfaces. ... The technique involves taking pictures of the illegible document using different filters in the infrared or ultraviolet range, ... UV/VIS spectroscopy is widely used as a technique in chemistry to analyze chemical structure, the most notable one being ...
TechniquesEdit. There are two main variations for each medium, sub-irrigation and top irrigation[specify]. For all techniques, ... protected from most common microbiological degradation. Rock wool is typically used only for the seedling stage, or with newly ... In the 1960s, Allen Cooper of England developed the Nutrient film technique.[citation needed] The Land Pavilion at Walt Disney ... Aeroponic techniques have been given special attention from NASA since a mist is easier to handle than a liquid in a zero- ...
The technique of purification of drinking water by use of compressed liquefied chlorine gas was developed by a British officer ... Chemical and microbiological analysis, while expensive, are the only way to obtain the information necessary for deciding on ... The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has accepted ozone as being safe; and it is applied as an anti-microbiological agent for ... Other water purification techniques. Other popular methods for purifying water, especially for local private supplies are ...
"Microbiological Reviews. 56 (4): 561-576. doi:10.1128/MMBR.56.4.561-576.1992. PMC 372888. PMID 1480109.. ... Current efforts are underway by the Forest Health Initiative to use modern breeding techniques and genetic engineering to ...
National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods: Requisite Scientific Parameters for Establishing the ... Techniques include boiling, filtering, chemical treatment, and ultraviolet light; boiling is by far the most effective of these ...
"Microbiological Reviews. 52 (4): 536-553. PMC 373162 . PMID 3070323.. *^ Katz Ezov T, Chang SL, Frenkel Z, Segrè AV, Bahalul M ... Dowhanick TM (1999). "Yeast - Strains and Handling Techniques". In McCabe JT. The Practical Brewer. Master Brewers Association ... Downes FP, Ito K (2001). Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods. Washington, DC: American Public ... In 1872, Baron Max de Springer developed a manufacturing process to create granulated yeast, a technique that was used until ...
"Microbiological Reviews》 54 (4): 432-49. PMC 372788. PMID 2087221.. *↑ Raschke TM, Levitt M (May 2005). "Nonpolar solutes ... Lipins).》. 》Handbook of Histopathological Techniques》 3판. London: Butterworths. 351-376쪽.. ...
Analytical technique based on determining mass to charge ratio of ions. Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ... 7 Common mass spectrometer configurations and techniques. *8 Separation techniques combined with mass spectrometry *8.1 Gas ... Other ionization techniques[edit]. Others include glow discharge, field desorption (FD), fast atom bombardment (FAB), ... Two techniques often used with liquid and solid biological samples include electrospray ionization (invented by John Fenn[11]) ...
Synthetic biology techniques are predicted to be useful for this topic. Microbiological and enzymatic engineering have the ... Employed research techniques[edit]. Research in artificial photosynthesis is necessarily a multidisciplinary topic, requiring a ... fast techniques, such as time-resolved spectroscopy and ultrafast laser spectroscopy;. *magnetic resonance spectroscopies, such ... Hydrogenases Studied by Advanced Magnetic Resonance Techniques". Chemical Reviews. 107 (10): 4331-4365. doi:10.1021/cr050186q. ...
Morgenthaler, Jeffrey (2014). Bar Book: Elements of Cocktail Technique. Chronicle Books. p. 54. ISBN 9781452130279. .. ... the microbiological status, and physical parameters such as color, particle size, etc.[25] ...
Empiric treatment is often started before laboratory microbiological reports are available. This might be for common or minor ... Traditional techniques typically take between 12 and 48 hours,[7] although it can take up to five days.[5] In contrast, rapid ... Once a bacterium has been identified following microbiological culture, antibiotics are selected for susceptibility testing.[6] ... "Current and emerging techniques for antibiotic susceptibility tests". Theranostics. 7 (7): 1795-1805. doi:10.7150/thno.19217 ...
The technique was expanded by Len Herzenberg, who was responsible for coining the term FACS.[27] Herzenberg won the Kyoto Prize ... Loken MR (1990). "Immunofluorescence Techniques in Flow Cytometry and Sorting" (2nd ed.). Wiley: 341-53.. ...
Under these conditions, to achieve the maximum benefit from the technique if ANH is used, no homologous blood will be required ... This form of analysis permits accurate estimation of the potential efficiency of the techniques and shows the application of ...
Maldi-ToF: A Rapid and Robust Microbiological Confirmation Technique for Water Analysis ... ISO 17025 Accreditation of New Rapid Microbiology Techniques. *VBNC: What is the significance of Viable but Not Culturable ...
Thermophilic anaerobic digestion in compact systems: investigations by modern microbiological techniques and mathematical ... investigations by modern microbiological techniques and mathematical simulation. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2007; 56 (10): 19 ... investigations by modern microbiological techniques and mathematical simulation. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2007; 56 (10): 19 ... anaerobic digestion in compact systems can be an economical and ecological reasonable decentralised process technique, ...
Definition of Microbiological techniques with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more ... Microbiological Techniques Images Lexicographical Neighbors of Microbiological Techniques. microbial sensitivity tests. ... microbiological. microbiological techniques (current term). microbiologically. microbiologies. microbiologist. microbiologists ... Medical Definition of Microbiological techniques. 1. Techniques used in microbiology. (12 Dec 1998) ...
Citation: Otun, Oluwatobi Sarah (2015) The effect of processing techniques on the microbiological and nutritional qualities of ... The effect of processing techniques on the microbiological and nutritional qualities of the leafy vegetables Vigna unguiculata ... The effect of processing techniques on the microbiological and nutritional qualities of the leafy vegetables Vigna unguiculata ... The processing techniques used were: washing, blanching, and drying. Leaf samples were collected at each stage of processing ...
... microbiological techniques. Pseudomonas spp., anaerobic bacteria, actino-mycetes, and fungi reached levels of 8, 7, 5 and 6 log ... the innovative microbiological technique (IMT; dashed lines) or the conventional microbiological technique (CMT, continuous ...
Although this technique can be extremely effective with … ... Although this technique can be extremely effective with pure ... Biotechnical use of polymerase chain reaction for microbiological analysis of biological samples Biotechnol Annu Rev. 2000;5:87 ... PCR inhibitors in biological samples and various sample preparation techniques that can be used to facilitate PCR detection, by ...
Microbiological techniques. Sterilisation, aseptic techniques, inoculation, incubation. These media must then be sterilised by ... EXPERIMENTS TO SHOW THE GROWTH OF BACTERIA - basic techniques. (similar techniques are used to grow fungi such as moulds and ... Microbiological media. Bacteria will grow on practically any source of organic food which provides carbon compounds to be ... A similar technique is used with broth cultures. Sometimes bacteria in a liquid are introduced using a sterile pipette to the ...
Microbiological Techniques. *,. * 2011. 2.3.2.1 - Laboratory Membrane Filtration Technique A laboratory filtration technique ... A dilution technique for samples which are expected to contain too many microorganisms for immediate plating, i.e. more than ... Sampling techniques allowing detection of strict anaerobic bacteria such as Pectinatus and Megasphaera. Descriptors: anaerobic ... Descriptors: air in yeast rooms, packing halls, microbiological laboratories, air and dust-borne microorganisms ...
Results of search for su:{Microbiological techniques.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available items ... by International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods Material type: Book; Format: print Publisher: London : ... by International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods Material type: Book; Format: print Publisher: London : ... Development and use of microbiological criteria for foods / Institute of Food Science and Technology.. by Institute of Food ...
... samples for the determination of the number of brewers yeast cells i e for an analysis of physical rather than microbiological ... for an analysis of physical rather than microbiological characteristics). Descriptors: Sampling for Yeast Cell Counts, Copper ...
The diagnosis regimen involves microbiological, laboratory, and imaging techniques. Blood cultures are used to detect the ... may be effectively diagnosed with paired blood cultures that quantitate the microbiological pathogens. Similarly, acridine ...
Microbiological techniques.- Review of biological soil treatment techniques in the Netherlands.- Engineering significance of ... Physical techniques for the in situ cleaning of contaminated soil.- An examination of various soil excavation techniques of ... Possibilities and problems.- Latest development of biological in situ remedial action techniques, portrayed by examples from ... a technique for remedial action on industrial sites.- Prerequisites for a bacterial degradation of N-, S- and O-heterocyclic, ...
Aims to compare traditional oil industry microbiological techniques with molecular microbiological methods (MMM). Ten samples ... Home»Topics»Environment»Microbiology»A practical evaluation of 21st century microbiological techniques for the upstream oil and ... A practical evaluation of 21st century microbiological techniques for the upstream oil and gas industry. Document options. ... Each sample was analysed using traditional microbiological techniques and MMM. An assessment was then made on the strengths and ...
Applying Modern Molecular Microbiological Techniques to Identify Treatable Chronic Bacterial Airway Infection in Severe Asthma ... Applying Modern Molecular Microbiological Techniques to Identify Treatable Chronic Bacterial Airway Infection in Severe Asthma ... Clinical and microbiological effect of a combination of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin in 80 COVID-19 patients with at ...
Microbiological Techniques and Plasmid Constructs. General molecular biological methods were as described (Sambrook et al., ... Hartnell for help and advice in electron microscopy techniques, Dr. C.W. Slayman for the plasma membrane ATPase antibody, Dr. G ...
11.10 Microbiological techniques.. 11.11 Conclusions.. References.. 12 Packaging Materials and Equipment (Y. Schneider, C. ... 11 Microbiological Surveillance and Control in Cheese Manufacture (P. Neaves and A.P. Williams). ...
Strains, Microbiological Techniques, and Genetic Analyses. Aspergillus strains used in this study are listed in Table I. ...
Progress in Microbiological Techniques. C. H. Collins, Ed. Plenum, New York; Butterworths, London, 1967. x + 231 pp., illus. $ ...
Microbiological Working Techniques, Laboratory 2. 2. Microbiological Working Techniques, Laboratory. Module: Microbiology ... Introduction to Laboratory Techniques, Laboratory 1. 1. Introduction to Laboratory Techniques, Laboratory. Module: Introduction ... Microbiological Monitoring, Laboratory 2. 2. Microbiological Monitoring, Laboratory. Module: Microbiology and Pharmaceutical ... Biochemistry techniques: dialysis, gel filtration and methods for determining protein content *SDS-PAGE, western blotting for ...
Molecular and microbiological techniques. Standard methods were used for microbial and molecular manipulation (Sherman et al., ... In this technique, the area that serves as a source of molecules bound for the complex of interest is photobleached, and the ...
Ronald Westphal (1988): Microbiological Techniques in School, page 34. Document No. 28 in the series Science and Technology ...
Molecular Microbiological Techniques *Experimental skills will include multiplex PCR and GeneScan analyses, cloning and site- ...
Microbiology & Microbiological Techniques. Extended/National Extended Diploma must be relevant.. Graduate. A minimum of a 2:2 ...
Microbiology & Microbiological Techniques. Extended/National Extended Diploma must be relevant.. Graduate. A minimum of a 2:2 ... Advice is also provided on CV preparation, interview techniques and securing summer work or longer placements. Placement ...
BI4205 Microbiological Laboratory Techniques (20 credits). Microbiological laboratory techniques provides students with the ... It also allows confidence in the use of general mathematical techniques.. BI4204 Biology of Disease (20 credits). Biology of ... Through data analysis you will gain confidence in the use of general mathematical techniques. Through the biology of disease ... It also provides practical experience of fundamental techniques in biochemistry. BI4203 Data Analysis (20 credits). Data ...
Microbiological air quality of processing areas in a dairy plant as evaluated by the sedimentation technique and a one-stage ... Microbiological air quality of processing areas in a dairy plant as evaluated by the sedim ...
Sensitivities, specificities, and predictive values of microbiological culture techniques for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint ... 2014) Sensitivities, specificities, and predictive values of microbiological culture techniques for the diagnosis of prosthetic ... Despite the availability of various techniques, no single test is considered the definitive gold standard. Aim. Our aim was to ... We conclude that, of the techniques studied, fluid in blood culture vials had the best profile for the correct identification ...
Collection of tracheal aspirate: safety and microbiological concordance between two techniques / Recolección de aspirado ... Utilization of the protected technique provided no advantage over the traditional and execution of both techniques was safe for ... The two techniques were implemented in the same patient, one immediately after the other, with an order of random execution, ... To evaluate the safety of the performance of the traditional and protected collection techniques of tracheal aspirate and to ...
PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF BROAD-RANGE PCR ASSAY AND MICROBIOLOGICAL CULTURE TECHNIQUE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PATHOGENS IN ...
  • 1. Techniques used in microbiology. (lexic.us)
  • The main aim of the project was to determine the effect of each processing techniques on the microbiology, proximate nutrients and shelf life of these vegetables to produce nutritious, tasty, safe and long lasting vegetable products. (unisa.ac.za)
  • You will be introduced to industrial microbiology enabling you to identify microbiological mediated industrial problems. (sthelens.ac.uk)
  • Benson's Microbiological Applications has been the gold standard of microbiology lab manuals for over 30 years. (ecampus.com)
  • Application of such techniques to the study of cheese microbiology represents a rapid, sound, reliable, and effective way for the detection and identification of the microorganisms present in dairy products, leading to major advances in understanding this complex microbial ecosystem and its impact on cheese ripening and quality. (nih.gov)
  • Clinical specimens were processed using standard microbiological techniques. (health.gov.au)
  • Maintain strict adherence to standard microbiological practices and techniques. (k-state.edu)
  • The most effective processing technique which reduced microbial load to below SABS standards while retaining nutritional quality was the washing of the leaves twice with tap water followed by steam tunnel blanching at 94oC for 12 minutes. (unisa.ac.za)
  • This review describes PCR technology as a microbial detection method, PCR inhibitors in biological samples and various sample preparation techniques that can be used to facilitate PCR detection, by either separating the micro-organisms from PCR inhibitors and/or by concentrating the micro-organisms to detectable concentrations. (nih.gov)
  • The rhizosphere microbial community will be analyzed using traditional and emerging microbiological techniques. (usda.gov)
  • To obtain a more complete assessment of the microbial community composition and dynamics, we undertook a longitudinal study by using culture-independent and microbiological approaches. (pnas.org)
  • Comprehensive microbial cultivation techniques substantiate that CF endobronchial secretions are complex polymicrobial specimens ( 13 ). (pnas.org)
  • The antibiogram has been the main typing tool in many hospital outbreaks since the technique is widely available and standardized, and it can be used with all microbial species. (hindawi.com)
  • Thermophilic anaerobic digestion in compact systems can be an economical and ecological reasonable decentralised process technique, especially for rural areas. (iwaponline.com)
  • The specimen was cultured using aerobic and anaerobic microbiological techniques. (medindia.net)
  • This study evaluated polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) as a molecular typing technique for MRSA strains on the basis of protein A ( spa ) and coagulase ( coa ) gene polymorphisms to verify their ability in assessing the relatedness of isolates. (hindawi.com)
  • however, microbiological and molecular evidence suggests that CF airway infection is polymicrobial. (pnas.org)
  • If influenza infection is suspected in a sot recipient, which microbiological studies should be performed? (elsevier.es)
  • analysis of their function and activity using microbiological and biochemical techniques. (uwm.edu)
  • A similar technique is used with broth cultures. (biotopics.co.uk)
  • To evaluate the safety of the performance of the traditional and protected collection techniques of tracheal aspirate and to identify qualitative and quantitative agreement of the results of microbiological cultures between the techniques . (bvsalud.org)
  • Benzylpenicillin serum concentrations can be monitored either by traditional microbiological assay or by more modern chromatographic techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this technique can be extremely effective with pure solutions of nucleic acids, it's sensitivity may be reduced dramatically when applied directly to biological samples. (nih.gov)
  • Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. (suffolk.edu)
  • Standardisation of the basic techniques for tuberculosis bacteriology has so many advantages that it has become a necessity. (who.int)
  • An increased dependence on molecular microbiological methods (MMM) in other sectors is gradually being embraced by the oil and gas industry. (energyinst.org)
  • Testing the safety of drinking water using conventional microbiological techniques is a time-consuming and labor-intensive task, especially because traditional methods require further identification and verification tests. (photonics.com)
  • Practical course in microbiological techniques 16 hours. (uib.no)
  • The practical classes contribute to the essential scientific training of students in experimental technique and laboratory safety as well as to the overall assessment of the module. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Laboratory sessions enable students to use and practice techniques which are tested in the practical exam. (edu.au)
  • We conclude that, of the techniques studied, fluid in blood culture vials had the best profile for the correct identification of microorganisms and advocate its use. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • 02. Use key microbiological techniques to recognise and identify non-pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms. (edu.au)
  • Aseptic techniques must be used to reduce the likelihood of bacterial contamination. (biotopics.co.uk)
  • Details of sample collection and microbiological analyses have been published ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Collection of samples for the determination of the number of brewers' yeast cells (i.e. for an analysis of physical rather than microbiological characteristics). (brewup.eu)
  • Analysis of wastewater for use in agriculture : a laboratory manual of parasitological and bacteriological techniques / Rachel M. Ayres and D. Duncan Mara. (who.int)
  • Through data analysis you will gain confidence in the use of general mathematical techniques. (sthelens.ac.uk)
  • Techniques utilized in our laboratory include PCR, cDNA and genomic library screening, DNA sequencing, Northern analysis, N. crassa electroporation (including gene replacements), phenotypic analysis of mutants, protein overexpression, antiserum generation and protein analysis. (bio.net)
  • Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis is a common culture-independent technique for profiling polymicrobial communities. (pnas.org)
  • Time-sensitive, nonsurgical management techniques include early debridement, microbiological analysis, and broad-spectrum antibiotics. (medscape.com)
  • However, both microbiological and molecular techniques have defined CF lower airway infections as polymicrobial ( 9 - 15 ). (pnas.org)
  • Rapid Rise of New Microbiological Techniques:- Is this the future? (soci.org)
  • Experience in microbiological techniques and protein biochemistry is desirable. (bio.net)
  • Various physical and chemical techniques will be employed at the laboratory level to mimic processing steps and to fractionate meal (i.e., protein) and hull components. (usda.gov)
  • growth conditions, and how bacteria are characterized in the microbiological laboratory, including investigating antibiotic resistance. (uib.no)
  • This HHE was performed in response to a confidential employee request concerning microbiological safety in the laboratory. (cdc.gov)
  • Chemical, enzymatic, and physical techniques will be used to modify these isolated components and to characterize the resulting products. (usda.gov)
  • An assessment was then made on the strengths and weaknesses of each technique in relation to oil industry requirements. (energyinst.org)
  • and C.2.1.2.2 occupational health, 7.2.5 and .2.1.2.3 human factors, 7.2.6 and C2.1.2.4 containment principles, 7.2.7 and C2.1.2.5 biorisk assessment and management, 7.2.11 and C.2.1.2.9 good microbiological techniques, 7.2.12 and C.2.1.2.10. (ebsaweb.eu)
  • Samples were taken from dogs with normal skin and ear canals (defined as no episodes of skin disease in the preceding calendar year and no evidence of inflammation at the time of sampling) and their human companions by using the same techniques as for the disease group. (cdc.gov)
  • This report aims to compare traditional oil industry microbiological techniques with MMM. (energyinst.org)
  • Each sample was analysed using traditional microbiological techniques and MMM. (energyinst.org)
  • Utilization of the protected technique provided no advantage over the traditional and execution of both techniques was safe for the patient . (bvsalud.org)
  • After translocation from the cytoplasm and signal sequence cleavage, the path that the β-barrel proteins follow en route to the outer membrane is unclear. (asm.org)
  • [10] There are many different types of techniques to recover benzyl penicillin, aqueous two-phase extraction, liquid membrane extraction, microfiltration technique, and solvent subulation [10] Extraction is more commonly used in the recovery process. (wikipedia.org)
  • In thoracic and trunk reconstruction, plastic surgeons play a crucial role in addressing wound healing issues and reconstructive techniques of the chest wall. (medscape.com)
  • One of the reasons for this is a lack of knowledge on the strengths and weaknesses of MMM in relation to microbiological problems in oilfield, refinery and pipeline situations. (energyinst.org)
  • The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation. (suffolk.edu)
  • The cytologic collection technique used for skin was the tape strip method ( 14 ). (cdc.gov)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Microbiological techniques. (who.int)
  • We use basic microbiological and molecular biology techniques and some bioinformatics. (york.ac.uk)
  • Standardised techniques and procedures are useful if they meet the needs of - and are prepared in accordance with - prevailing epidemiological conditions and different laboratory levels. (who.int)
  • 1.2 Knowledge of microbiological techniques is required for these procedures. (astm.org)
  • By discussing the results from the various techniques in terms of the underlying science, the reader will be better equipped to specify the appropriate technique for a particular problem and interpret the results from the chosen techniques. (energyinst.org)
  • Our aim was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive/negative predictive values for a variety of culture techniques. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • What will new products, techniques and knowledge bring to the world of loving thyself and letting your epidermis show? (askmen.com)